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Leveraging Density Urban Patterns for a Green Economy

Leveraging Density Urban Patterns for a Green Economy

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Published by Nicola Human
Piece on Urban Planning and the use of urban density patterns to facilitate the growth of a green economy.
Piece on Urban Planning and the use of urban density patterns to facilitate the growth of a green economy.

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Published by: Nicola Human on Feb 28, 2013
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04/09/2014

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Informal living and trading (informal
entrepreneurs) are a reality in many cities
in developing countries. The formulation
of strategies that involve upgrading or
formalizing/regularizing (best case scenario)

of these areas and activities are promoted as
alternatives to forced eviction. Ideally, cities
need to adopt urban and housing policies
that prevent the emergence of new slum
areas.113,114

To this end, a strategy could include the
following sub actions:

Adopting revisions to policies, laws and
regulations to facilitate informal-sector
operations and living, such as tenure
systems.

Formulate an upgrading or construction
of bulk infrastructure strategy
(water supply, sanitation and waste
management, storm water drainage,
electricity, access roads and footpaths)
with a strong community participatory
focus. Security of some form of tenure is
important in this process.

Environmental hazards, such as
contaminated water sources, usually
imply that a natural system has been
compromised in some way. Efforts must
be made to restore natural systems and
reintegrate them as assets in the design
and plan for the area.

Figure 5.4: Compacting a road reserve

Source: MCA Urban and Environmental Planners. (2009) Intervening at the level of physical structure
through public-sector investment. For the TTRI’s overview of Township Renewal Workbook

CHAPTER 5: IMPLEMENTING SUSTAINABLE URBAN PRACTICES

51

Building urban wealth through the
provision of affordable land and legal
title.

If removal is inevitable, a process of
relocation to well-located and already
serviced areas should be undertaken and
efforts made to keep social networks
intact.

Approaches to property rights in Africa

Urban land law in many developing
countries are based on Northern systems,
and it is the hardest component to change
or adjust as it inherently confers rights – see
http://www.wri.org/property-rights-africa/
for an educational tool on land tenure and
property rights in Africa.

Further reading about slum upgrading
and community self-organization:

The Cities Alliance’s comprehensive guide to
slum upgrading: www.citiesalliance.org/ca/
About-slum-upgrading

UN-Habitat’s Slum Upgrading Facility
(SUF) newsletter available at http://www.
unhabitat.org/pmss/searchResults.aspx?sort
=relevance&page=search&searchField=all&s
earchstring=SUF+newsletter

An alliance of street vendors http://
www.streetnet.org.za/ and a woman’s
organization within the informal sector
www.wiego.org

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