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DRAFT University of Vermont Political Science Department and School of Continuing Education International Development, POLS 160
Bradford T. Greene, PHD Phone: 802-387-2125 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Summer 2013, Online Course description: International development is a challenge to our wellbeing and future place on the planet. The current model of international development, with its emphasis on production and consumption in a global market, is unsustainable. With growing concerns about the persistence of poverty and inequality and ecological degradation, a reexamination of the model is especially timely. The course will do the following: (1) clarify the concepts and theory of the development problem and proposed solutions; (2) review the shift from nationally led development to one served by the interests of international capital; (3) examine the approaches of the main unilateral, bilateral, and multilateral aid donors; (4) study the impact of globalization on selected topics, e.g. poverty, inequality, and environment; (5) assess the limits of the economic growth model and speculate about alternatives. The course runs for 6 weeks from July 1 to August 9. The course is divided into 15 topics. From weeks 1 to 4 (July 1 to July 26) we will cover 3 topics per week. During week 5 (July 29 to August 2), we will cover 2 topics. During the final week (August 5 to 9) we will cover 1 topic. Course Requirements: Submission Deadlines: All work must be submitted according to the assigned due dates. If you cannot meet a deadline, you must notify me beforehand. I will penalize an unexcused late submission by reducing the grade by one full letter grade (e.g. from A to B). Blackboard Discussion (25 percent): Beginning with Topic 2 (July 2) and continuing through Topic 15 (August 5), students are required to participate in discussion of the issues and questions posted on Blackboard Discussion Board. Participation in the Discussion Board discussion accounts for 25 percent of the student's grade. Posted comments will be scored on a 4-point scale (4=A, 1=D) depending on their specificity, meaningfulness, references to literature or other data, analysis of the issue, and contribution to the ongoing discussion. Contributions that are non-substantive or merely restate another posting will receive a grade of 1. Contributions should be well written (you are not texting on your cell phone) and no longer than 150 words. Students must
post their comments for class discussion by 11:00 pm on the day that the topic is assigned on BbDb. See Blackboard Discussion Guidance under Blackboard Assignments. Film Critiques (15 percent): Students are required to write one-page critiques of three of the required films. Each critique will account for 5 percent of the student’s grade. Research Paper (40 percent): Students are required to submit a research paper of approximately 10 pages on an international development problem that they have identified in the course of their readings. The problem must deal with a substantive concern discussed under one of the topics addressed in the course. Based on a review of the literature, the paper must describe the problem, explain how the problem has been addressed by donors, and describe a future course of action that would address the problem through a sustainable development approach that considers the planet's finite resources and constraints. See Research Paper Guidance under Blackboard Assignments. Analysis must be supported with material from other sources as appropriate. A full bibliography is required. The paper must be original work and follow a customary academic style, such as Chicago style. The paper must be in Microsoft Word 2010 (xxx.docx or xxx.doc) or in Rich text (xxx.rft) format. Book Review (20 percent): Students are required to write a review (approximately 5 pages) of a book of an international development problem. The book may be one of the sources that the student is using in his/her research paper. The student will review the book from the perspective on an international development theory or policy. The review requires the same standards of originality, documentation, and formatting as the research paper. See Book Review Guidance on Blackboard Assignments. Reading material I have designated one textbook and several articles and reports as required reading and four films as required viewing. In addition, I recommend that you read as much as you can from the suggested readings. Complete the required reading assignments prior to the class meeting so that you can contribute to the discussion of the topic. You must make references to the reading material in your Blackboard contributions and film critiques. Required Reading Books Available at Bookstore: Haslam, Paul, Jessica Schafer, and Pierre Beaudet, eds. Introduction to International Development: Approaches, Actors, and Issues. Second edition. Canada: Oxford University Press, 2012. ISBN 978-0-19-544020-1. Required Films Available at Amazon (purchase or rental), Neflix (membership), or online Arithmetic, Population and Energy - a talk by Al Bartlett (1 hour), available free online at http://www.albartlett.org/presentations/arithmetic_population_energy_video1.html. Beyond Elections: Redefining Democracy in the Americas, directed by Michael Fox and Silvia Leindecker, 2008 (104 min) or Debtocracy video, available free at http://topdocumentaryfilms.com/debtocracy/
The End of Poverty, directed by Philippe Diaz, 2008 (105 min) or Debtocracy, by Katerina Kitidi and Aris Hatzistefanou. 2011 (75 min). The Girl in the Café, directed by David Yates, written by Richard Curtis, and produced by Hilary Bevan-Jones, 2005 (94 min). Course Topics Week 1 Topic 1 (Jul 1): Introduction o Overview of course o Ice breaker THEORIES AND APPROACHES IN INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT Topic 2 (Jul 2): Defining Development: Descriptive, Prescriptive, and Normative Aspects o Development conceptions o The development paradigm o The role of ethics in development Required Reading Haslan, Ch 1 Rist, Gilbert. “Development as a buzzword,” Development in Practice, Vol. 17 Issue 4/5 (August 2007), 485-491. http://web.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.uvm.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?si d=c5659644-410a-4c40-b08b713c767812b6%40sessionmgr12&vid=2&hid=10 Shanin, Teodor. "The Idea of Progress," The Post-Development Reader, The Development Paradigm, Part 2, eds. Majid Rahnema and Victoria Bawtree. Zed Books, 1997, 65-73. http://pages.uoregon.edu/aweiss/intl422_522/The%20Idea%20of%20Prog ress.pdf Topic 3 (Jul 5): History of Exploitation and Subjugation o Europe and the New World o The Race for Africa o Lessons learned Required Reading Haslam, 28-42 Burbank, Jane and Frederick Cooper. “How empire ruled the world,” Le Monde Diplomatique (January 2012). (Blackboard file) Streeck, Wolfgang. “Markets now rule the world,” Le Monde Diplomatique, (January 2012). (Blackboard file) Week 2 Topic 4 (Jul 8): Theories of Development o Structuralism of Keynes
o Neoliberalism o Other theories: modernization, dependency, post-development Required Reading Haslam, 45-65 Pierterse, Jan Nederveen. “After Post-Development,” Third World Quarterly, Vol. 21, No. 2 (April 2000), 175-191.
Select book for book review paper by July 9 Topic 5 (Jul 10): Gender, Globalization, and Development o Approaches addressing the struggles of women o Gender as a crosscutting issue o Winners and losers from globalization o Globalization or imperialism? Required Reading Haslam, 88-103, 107-122 Brygo, Julien, “Filipino maids for export,” Le Monde Diplomatique (October 2011). (Blackboard file) INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ACTORS Topic 6 Jul 12): The State and Bilateral Aid o Role of the state in development o Governance as a condition of development o Development Assistance Committee (DAC) and Official Development Assistance (ODA) o Characteristics and motives of donors and recipients Required Reading Haslam, 127-140, 143-157 Week 3 Topic 7 (Jul 15): Multilateral Aid: IFIs and UN o International finance institutions: World Bank, International Monetary Fund o Structural Adjustment Programs o United Nations System o Multilateral aid o Millennium Development Goals Required Reading Haslam, 159-173, 175-194, 242-245 Payne, Anthony. “The G8 in a Changing Global Economic Order,” International Affairs, Vol. 84, No. 3 (2008), 519-533 (Blackboard file) Sachs, Jeffrey. “A Pioneering Perspective: The Global Social Movement against Extreme Poverty,” Harvard International Review (Spring 2011), 78-82 (Blackboard file) Required Viewing and Writing Assignment The Girl in the Café, film (purchase or rent)
Topic 8 (Jul 17): Privatization of Aid: MNCs and NGOs o Quest for markets and profits o Corporate Social Responsibility o Role of the NGO as international civil society Required Reading Haslam, 197-214, 217-232 Suggested Reading Mercer, Claire. “NGOs, Civil Society and Democratization: A Critical Review of the Literature,” Progress in Development Studies, Vol. 2, No. 1 (2002), 5-22. (Blackboard file) Munck, Ronaldo. “Global Civil Society: Royal Road or Slippery Path?” Voluntas, 17 (2006), 325-332. (Blackboard file) GLOBAL ISSUES IN INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT Topic 9 (Jul 19): Poverty and Debt o Who is poor? o Approaches for addressing poverty o Debt crises: causes and solutions Required Reading Haslam, 237-258, 262-277 Required Viewing and Writing Assignment (one of the following) The End of Poverty film (purchase or online at http://www.hulu.com/watch/151119/the-end-of-poverty) or Debtocracy video at http://topdocumentaryfilms.com/debtocracy/ Book review paper is due July 20 Week 4 Topic 10 (Jul 22): Trade o Free trade versus fair trade o The role of information in development Required Reading Haslam, 279-292 Lea, David. “The Expansion and Restructuring of Intellectual Property and Its Implications for the Developing World,” Ethic Theory & Moral Practice, Vol. 11, No. 1 (2008), 37–60. Topic 11 (Jul 24): Democracy and Human Rights o Defining democracy: procedural or performance explanations o Approaches for explaining democratization o Democracy as a condition of development o Human rights and development Required Reading Haslam, 295-310
UNDP. Human Development Report 2000: Human Rights and Human Development, Overview, 1-13, also Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Glossary, 14-18. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2000_EN.pdf Required Viewing and Writing Assignment Beyond Elections film (purchase or online at http://topdocumentaryfilms.com/beyond-elections/) Topic 12 (Jul 27): Environment and Culture o Environmental constraints on development o Sustainable development o Resource Curse o Cultural universalism and relativism Required Reading Haslam, 313-329, 493-510 Di John, Jonathan. “Is There Really a Resource Curse? A Critical Survey of Theory and Evidence,” Global Governance 17(2011), 167-184 Topic and paragraph describing problem for research paper are due on July 27. Week 5 Topic 13 (Jul 29): Health and Education o Approaches to explaining country level differences: access versus social conditions o Class differences in health o Health imperialism o Basic education versus primary education o Education as human capital for development Required Reading Haslam, 373-392, 399-412 Garrett, Laurie. “The Challenge of Global Health,” Foreign Affairs (January/February 2007), 14-38. http://www.lauriegarrett.com/blog/media/1/20070112-garrett.pdf Topic 14 (Jul 31): Rural and Urban Development o Approaches to rural development o Challenges of rural development o Urbanization and the contradictions of development o Urbanization of poverty: growth of slums Required Reading Haslam, 333-352, 355-370 Davis, Mike. “Planet Of Slums: Urban Involution and the Informal Proletariat,” [internet source with incomplete citation]
Week 6 Topic 15 (Aug 6): The Challenge of Development o Alternatives to model of consumption and economic growth 6
o Developing democratic international institutions o Ensuring that globalization functions within the planet's finite limits o Reducing inequality while maintaining sustainable development Required Reading Haslam, 68-83, 526-535 Harribey, Jean-Marie. “We need a third way, now,” Le Monde Diplomatique, English Edition, No. 1111, (November 2011), 1-3. (on Blackboard) Required Viewing Arithmetic, Population and Energy - a talk by Al Bartlett http://www.albartlett.org/presentations/arithmetic_population_energy_vid eo1.html Final draft of research paper is due on August 9.
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