Research

PROKARYOTES AND EUKARYOTES

Prokaryotic Cells
What are they?

Prokaryotic Cells are Cells that lack a membrane bound nucleus, the DNA is usually a single circular molecule that floats in the cytoplasm of the cell.
Function Within this type of cell contains; A Capsule, Cell Wall, Cytoplsam, Plasma Membrane, Pili, Flagella, Ribosomes and Plasmids Life Cycle Breakdown The Lag Phase The Log Phase

The Stationary Phase
Death

Prokaryotic Cells
A Plasma Membrane – This controls what gets in and out of the Cell

Capsule – The Capsule’s there to protect the cell
Cell Wall – Protects the Bacterial Cells Pili – These help the cell attach to other bacterial cells Flagella – This enable the cell to be mobile and move around Ribosomes – They translate the genetic information Plasmids – They are DNA Structures which carry gene, though they aren’t involved in reproduction

Eukaryotic Cells
What are they?

Eukaryotic Cells are cells containing complex structures within it’s membrane, they mostly have a membrane bond nucleus
Function Within this type of Cell contains; The Plasma Cell Membrane, Nucleus, Mitochondria, Ribosomes, Golgi, Endoplasmic reticulum, Lysosome, Vacuole and Chloroplast. They all have their functions, some more important than others but they are what define the cell Life Cycle Breakdown Interphase (Gap Phase, Synthesis Phase, Gap Phase) Mitosis Phase

Eukaryotic Cells
The Plasma Cell Membrane – The membrane is made up of a phospholipid bilayer which functions like a gate which allows certain Molecules in and out of the cell Nucleus – The controls everything and keep all genetic information Mitochondria – This Produces the energy the Cell needs to perform it’s duty Ribosomes – They translate the genetic information (DNA) which come from the nucleus into usable protein molecules. The protein do most of the work in the cell Golgi – This collected and alters the Proteins Endoplasmic reticulum - This is a path for tubules and Vesicles to transport proteins throughout the cell Lysosome – This removes useless organelles and proteins

Vacuole – These Store molecules needed by a cell and isolates material that may be harmful to it
Chloroplast – Photosynthesis happens here, though it’s exclusive to plant Cells

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