PRESS NOTE

 

KEY INDICATORS OF EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT IN INDIA, 2009-10  

 

     
         

NATIONAL SAMPLE SURVEY OFFICE
MINISTRY OF STATISTICS AND PROGRAMME IMPLEMENTATION

  GOVERNMENT OF INDIA     
   

that determined on the basis of a reference period of one week is known as the Current Weekly Status (CWS) of the person and the activity status determined on the basis of the engagement on each day during the reference week is known as the Current Daily Status (CDS) of the person. The key indicators based on NSS 66th round along with the comparable indicators of previous quinquennial survey i. policy formulation. Proportion Unemployed (PU i.00. The activity status determined on the basis of the reference period of one year is known as the Usual Status (US) of a person. one based on principal activity called Usual Principal Status (ps) and other based on both principal and subsidiary activities taken together called US (ps+ss). Workers Population Ratio (WPR). generated from the data collected in its 66th round survey during July 2009 .e.e.    PRESS INFORMATION BUREAU Dated the 3 Asadha. percentage of unemployed in population) and Unemployment Rate (UR i. ratio of labor force to population). NSS 61st 2 . the results have already been released. 2011  PRESS NOTE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA KEY INDICATORS OF EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT IN INDIA. the ratio of unemployed to labour force) in NSS surveys. NSSO is meeting an important aspiration and demand of its data users to have the key results within one year of the completion of its field work. for use in planning. The unit of measurements in case of US and CWS is persons and in case on CDS. The indicators are based on the Central Sample of 1. The NSS 66th round was the eighth quinquennial round on the subject.June 2010. NSS surveys on employment and unemployment are conducted quinquennially starting from 27th round (October 1972 – September 1973) and the last quinquennial survey was conducted in NSS 61st round (July 2004. well in advance of the release of its reports.June 2005) for which. Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation has released the key indicators of Employment and Unemployment in India. three different measures of activity status are arrived at. Three reference periods used in NSS surveys are (i) one year.402 sample villages in rural areas and 5. it is person days.e.957 households (59. With this maiden effort. (ii) one week and (iii) each day of the reference week. the NSSO has released the key indicators. Kargil and Poonch districts of Jammu and Kashmir. The detailed results of quinquennial survey on employment and unemployment are usually brought out by the NSSO through a number of reports.e. In defining the lead indicators of Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR i. In order to make available the salient results of the survey. decision support and as input for further statistical exercises. persons are classified into various activity categories on the basis of activities pursued by them during certain specified reference periods. 2009-10 The National Sample Survey Office (NSSO).129 in rural areas and 41. there are two indicators viz. Based on these three periods. In US approach.252 urban blocks spread over all States and Union Territories except in (i) interior villages of Nagaland situated beyond five kilometres of a bus route (ii) villages in Andaman and Nicobar Islands which remain inaccessible throughout the year and (iii) Leh.828 in urban areas) surveyed from 7. 1933 Saka 24th June.

nearly 59 per cent of male workers and 53 per cent of the female workers were engaged in the tertiary sector. indicating the femalemale wage ratio as 0. respectively. about 38. 249 and for females it was Rs.5 per cent were ‘casual labour’ and 41.82. • The industry-wise distribution of workers in the urban areas was distinctly different from that of rural areas.urban and male – female breakup. Distribution of Usual Status (ps+ss) workers according to employment status • At the national level.63. • Among the workers in the urban areas. 309. There was a higher dependence of female workers on agricultural sector: nearly 79 per cent of them were engaged in agricultural sector while secondary and tertiary sectors shared 13 per cent and 8 per cent of the female workers. about 33. In urban areas. In the rural areas. The secondary sector employed nearly 35 per cent of the male and 33 per cent of the female workers. • Wage Rates of Regular Wage/Salaried Employees and Casual Labourers In urban areas. Besides these indicators. the other important statistics relating to distribution of workers according to employment status and industry and also on wage rates of regular wage/salaried employees and casual labourers as emanating from the survey are summarized as below: 1. 2.0 per cent were ‘self-employed’.4 percent were ‘regular wage/salaried’ employee.5 per cent were ‘casual labour’ and 15. 232. among all the workers. male wage rate was Rs.1 per cent were ‘self-employed’. about 41.round on employment and unemployment conducted during July 2004 – June 2005 are summarized in the table given at Annexure. about 17.3 percent were ‘regular wage/salaried’ employee. The indicators are available for all the States/UTs with rural . 3 . In urban areas the share of the tertiary sector was dominant followed by that of secondary sector while agricultural sector engaged only a small proportion of total workers for both male and females. • Among the workers in the rural areas. about 51. about 54. 3. 377 against the female wage rate of Rs. In urban areas. 156. • Industry-wise distribution of workers according to usual status (ps+ss) In rural areas.2 per cent were ‘self-employed’.6 per cent were ‘casual labour’ and 7. the average wage/salary was Rs. The share of urban workforce in agriculture was nearly 6 per cent of male and 14 per cent for female workers. nearly 63 per cent of the male workers were engaged in the agricultural sector while in the secondary and tertiary sectors nearly 19 per cent and 18 per cent of the male workers were engaged. 365 per day and for the rural areas it was Rs. average wage/salary earnings per day received by male regular wage/salaried employees was Rs.6 percent were ‘regular wage/salaried’ employee. indicating female-male wage ratio as 0.

132 for males and Rs. wage rate (per day) in rural areas was Rs.in) of the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.• Wage rates (per day) for casual labour in works other than public works in rural areas was Rs. average wage/salary earnings per day received by male casual labours engaged in works other than public works was Rs.gov. 122. 93 and in urban areas it was Rs.mospi. In rural areas. the wage rates for casual labours in work other than public works was Rs. For casual labour in MGNREG public works. 98 for males and Rs. In the rural areas. -------•                             4 . The publication is also available on the website (www. 77 for females. 86 for females. wage rates (per day) for casual labour in public works other than MGNREG public works was Rs. 102 and for females it was Rs. 69 while in urban areas. 91 for males and Rs. 87 for females.

Annexure Important employment and unemployment indicators (per 1000) at all-India for all ages rural urban female person male female person (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) NSS 66th round (July 2009 – June 2010) usual principal status (ps) 208 382 556 128 352 202 374 539 119 339 5 8 17 9 13 24 21 30 70 37 usual status (ps + ss) 265 414 559 146 362 261 408 543 138 350 4 7 16 8 12 16 16 28 57 34 current weekly status (cws) 231 394 556 141 358 223 381 536 130 343 8 13 20 10 15 37 33 36 72 42 current daily status (cds) 197 371 550 129 350 182 346 522 117 329 16 25 28 12 20 80 68 51 91 58 NSS 61st round (July 2004 – June 2005) usual principal status (ps) 249 401 566 148 366 242 391 541 135 346 8 10 25 14 19 31 25 44 91 53 usual status (ps + ss) 333 446 570 178 382 327 439 549 166 365 6 7 22 12 17 18 17 38 69 45 current weekly status (cws) 287 418 566 168 375 275 402 537 152 353 12 16 30 15 23 42 39 52 90 60 current daily status (cds) 237 387 561 150 364 216 355 519 133 334 21 32 42 18 30 87 82 75 116 83 rural+urban female person (9) (10) indicator (1) male (2) male (8) LFPR WPR PU UR LFPR WPR PU UR LFPR WPR PU UR LFPR WPR PU UR 548  537  11  19  556  547  9  16  548  531  17  32  536  501  35  64  550  538  12  22  557  546  11  20  550  532  18  33  540  507  33  61  186 180 6 33 233 228 5 23 207 198 9 43 179 164 15 82 374 365 9 25 400 392 8 20 384 370 14 36 365 341 24 66 LFPR WPR PU UR LFPR WPR PU UR LFPR WPR PU UR LFPR WPR PU UR 546  535  12  21  555  546  9  16  545  524  21  38  531  488  42  80  551  536  15  27  559  547  12  22  550  527  23  42  538  496  42  78  224 215 9 41 294 287 8 26 257 244 13 50 215 195 20 92 392 380 12 31 430 420 10 23 407 389 18 44 381 350 31 82   5 .

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