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SHAMSUL ISLAM

notoinjustice@gmail.com
The gang-rape of a young girl in a moving bus on a
highly busy area of Delhi in the evening of December
16, 2012 (who put up heroic resistance with her male
companion against the criminals before falling prey to
brute force. This brave girl later died in a hospital
abroad) shocked not only the common people of India
but created gloom world over. This ghastly incident
seemed to have crossed all limits despite the fact that
Delhi was already regarded as Rape Capital of the
country. As the news spread and it was found that Delhi
Police, as usual, played a highly criminal role in facili-
tating this crime, there were spontaneous large-scale
protests in Delhi and other parts of the country. The
most significant aspect of these protests was that
young people in their thousands came out on streets in
chilling winter; female protesters almost equalling male
protesters. They even attempted to lay a siege to the
grand Presidential Palace (Rashtrapati Bhavan) on
Raisina Hill. These protests continued unabated despite
unheard of curbs imposed by the State on peaceful
protests. The dead body of the rape victim was brought
in a curfew-like situation and cremated in total secrecy.
The Nation was not allowed to mourn the death of this
brave girl or pay appropriate homage to her body.
However, the Chief Minister of Delhi, Ms. Shiela Dixit,
was allowed to organize a Shanti or Peace March after
her death. Peace with whom? Nobody explained it.
This gang-rape in the heart of the capital, bustling
with crowds and despite the fact that Delhi Police was
informed about this gang of criminals moving in a bus
but took no action, could be an appropriate time to
indulge in a serious, honest and critical evaluation of
our de-humanized State machinery and society.
Unfortunately, we seem to have lost that opportunity.
The gang-rape of December 16 was not an isolat-
ed incident. The organizations which have been keep-
ing track of human rights violations in the country have
irrefutable data showing how women of Northeast,
Jammu & Kashmir and tribal areas have borne the
brunt of rapes indulged in by the para-military forces
of the Indian State. Moreover, there has been a con-
stant increase in the number of rape cases against
Dalit women as well as in custodial rape cases.
1
It is really unfortunate that thousands of the
above-mentioned rapes did not stir the Nation. It
looked as if some rapes are good and some rapes are
bad. However, the recent protests against the
December 16 rapes are a welcome development. It
is hoped that Der aayad, Durust aayad. One hopes
from now on the country will also protest against the
rapes being indulged by groups/organizations
aligned with the State.
By diverting the whole issue to the debate
whether we should have death penalty for rapists or
not and whether we should disclose the identity of
the rape victim or keep it secret (though internation-
al press has disclosed full details of the victim with
her photograph), we have skipped the examination
of the anti-people and pro-criminal attitude of the
Delhi Police. The Delhi Police establishment led by
Neeraj Kumar who is known for his over-zealous-
ness in targeting minority youths went into deep
slumber while faced with this ghastly crime and
hardened criminals. Despite a total failure of the
police force under his command, he continues at the
helms, courtesy the Central Home Ministry officials.
To the convenience of the rulers, we have also
skipped discussion over the gradual destruction of
the public transport system in Delhi which eventual-
ly forced the gang-rape victim and her companion to
take that private bus manned by criminals.
The reaction of the Hindutva camp has been
most brazen and only aimed at rubbing salt into the
fatal injuries of the victim and the gravely hurt senti-
ments of the people of the country who totally iden-
tified with the victim. The chief of RSS Mohan
Bhagwat while addressing RSS cadres in Silchar,
Assam, declared, Crimes against women happening
in urban India are shameful. It is a dangerous trend
but such crimes would not happen in Bharat or rural
areas of the country. You go to villages and forests of
the country and there will be no such incidents of
gang-rape or sex crimes Where Bharat becomes
India with the influence of western culture, these
types of incidents happen. The actual Indian values
established and culture should be at every stratum of
society where women are treated as mother.
2
This great flag-bearer of Hindutva and champion
of Hindu rights explained the Delhi gang-rape as a
matter of routine fact which was the outcome of
western influence. He had no sympathy for the vic-
tim as she happened to be living in India where
western culture prevailed. In fact, she deserved no
sympathy. In other words, it was of her own making.
State
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MG/Yusuf
THE
MILLI
GAZETTE
INDIAN MUSLIMS LEADING ENGLISH NEWSPAPER SINCE 2000
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24 pages ` 15 ISSN 0972-3366 Fortnightly Vol. 14 No. 2 Issue Serial # 312 facebook.com/milligazette www.milligazette.com 16-31 January 2013
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Inside
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Continued on page 6
The reaction of the Hindutva camp has been most brazen and
only aimed at rubbing salt into the fatal injuries of the victim
and the gravely hurt sentiments of the people of the country
who totally identified with the victim.
AKBARUDDIN OWAISI
Akbaruddin Owaisi delivered a fiery speech a month ago in Nirmal town of A.P.'s Adilabad dis-
trict. He is an MLA and leader of Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimin (MIM) in the A.P. Assembly. Some
people took umbrage to his speech and filed cases against him in various courts. But it were
the TV channels and some newspapers which took the matter to such a high pitch that it
became a national issue. The police finally arrested him and he is now incarcerated in an
Adilabad prison despite the fact that he is suffering from various ailments and has a bullet
lodged in his thigh. As we know, conditions in Indian jails are notoriously harsh and callous
about sick inmates and take them to a proper hospital only when they are in a very serious
condition. Akbaruddin is not one who will run away from the police and courts. He was already
getting medical treatment abroad and had dutifully returned home when summons were issued
against him. He could have been easily granted bail after the arrest but was taken 200 kms
away in a vehicle and lodged in a primitive prison, ostensibly to teach him and his party a les-
son. His major sin is that MIM has abandoned the ruling Congress after a long coalition part-
nership and is toying with the idea of joining hands with rebel Jagan Reddy.
What Akbaruddin has said is basically not wrong or incorrect. Who does not know that
police consistently plays a partisan role against Muslims before, during and after riots? Who
does not know the A.P. police which fired at and killed Muslims protesting against Makkah
Masjid blast and then falsely implicated the victim community in the blast cases? Who does not
know that Babri demolishers have not been to jail for a single day and may never be punished;
instead they are planning to come back to power at the Centre with the butcher of Gujarat as
their leader? Who does not know that temples are springing up inside or adjacent to the walls
of Muslim monuments across the country - the latest being the illegal temple next to
Hyderabad's landmark Charminar which ("temple") is being protected by the A.P. government
and police? Who does not know that the culprits who organised and executed the December
1992 and January 1993 riots in Bombay with active police participation were never punished
while the retaliators against those same riots were hunted down all over the world and exces-
sively punished? Who does not know that perpetrators of the Nellie massacre were never pun-
ished, instead went on to rule Assam? Who does not know that the uniformed killers of
Hashimpura & Maliana instead of being punished got promotions and yet the U.P. administra-
tions have lied to the courts all these years that they are untraceable? Who does not know that
names of Indresh Kumar and Togadia are mentioned in the chargesheets of Malegaon and Ajmer
blasts but they have not been even questioned while thousands of innocent Muslim boys were
falsely implicated in fake terror cases actually perpetrated by saffron terrorists.
The list is very long but Muslims are supposed to keep on bearing all this with a grin -
aren't we after all second class citizens. Here only Togadias, Singhals, Adityanaths, Katiyars,
Rithambaras, Uma Bhartis, Thackerays and hundreds others of their ilk have the full freedom
and protection to spit fire against Muslims but it is a grave crime if Akbaruddin emulates them
though not with the similar venom and hate at the disposal of the saffronites who have never
been punished for their hate speeches and actions.
The purpose of the saffron fire and Akbaruddin tirade is the same: communal polarisation
and cornering a political votebank. But Akbaruddin forgot that for all practical purposes he
belongs to a second class citizenry in free India. Akbaruddin was basically speaking against
this flagrant discrimination in a democratic India. But he forgot that India is a democracy for
Hindus only. If he deluded himself into thinking that he too enjoyed equal rights in secular India,
he will have to cool his heels in a filthy jail cell while saffron spitfires roam around under offi-
cial security provided by the State. This is the crude, unembellished fact, dear TV anchors and
newspaper editors!
Akbarurddin and Indian Muslims are fighting for equal rights. The day we too are equally
and justly treated, no Akbaruddin will resort to that language which annoyed you so much. Let
India introspect and see where and how it let down its minorities, dalits, adivasis and all the
marginalised and poor sections who are yet to enjoy freedom and justice in free India. With
sincere soul-searching, the answer of this question will be found: why the likes of Akbaruddin
resort to what is termed as "hate speech". We do not support it but we do understand the
compelling reasons for it and wish the people sitting up there in the ivory towers of power and
"mainstream" media too understood it.
ZAFARUL-ISLAM KHAN
Rapes in India & RSS Bharat
2 The Milli Gazette, 16-31 January 2013 ISSUES / OPINION
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KALEEM KAWAJA
Surely BJP winning the Gujarat state assembly election under
Narendra Modis leadership for the third time in a row is to be rec-
ognized. But to use that as a basis to project Modi as a national
leader and a candidate for prime minister is a wildly exaggerated
hype. Indeed, three other current chief ministers, Tarun Gogoi
(Assam), Sheila Dikshit (Delhi) and Navin Patnaik (Orissa) have
achieved the same feat. But no one has projected them as nation-
al leaders.
We cannot ignore the fact that despite huge money support
from top industrialists, maximum polarization of the Gujarati soci-
ety along religious lines for over a decade in a state where Hindus
are 91% of the population, orchestrated by Mr. Modi himself, the
number of seats in the state Assembly won by the Gujarat BJP
under his leadership has continued to decline from 127 in 2002, to
117 in 2007 and to 115 in 2012.
During Mr. Modis tenure in Gujarat good development of
industries and infrastructure is said to have taken place. But a lot
of credit for this goes to the entrepreneur nature of the Gujaratis per
se and to earlier governments. Indeed, wherever Gujarati people
have lived in the last many decades, in Maharashtra, in East and
South Africa, in UK, in US, they have been in the forefront of sig-
nificant commercial and industrial activity. It should also be noted
that in Gujarat, Mr. Modi while helping the wealthy industrialists,
has done very little for the backward segments of population.
In electing Indias future national leaders, can the people of
India outside Gujarat ignore the severe strictures of Indias
Supreme Court, the Indian Human Rights Commission, the main-
stream Indian media, the UN Human Rights Commission and sev-
eral major international human rights bodies and governments,
against Mr. Modi?
Those strictures relate to the grievous anti-minority violence in
February 2002 that resulted in the killing of over 1,000 Muslim
civilians all over Gujarat and displacement of hundreds of thou-
sands of Muslims; the subsequent fake encounters staged under
Mr. Modis direction that resulted in the killings of scores of inno-
cent Muslims; the total lack of state government protection to the
minorities under his rule and Mr. Modis lack of respect for the laws
of the land. India is a nation of 28 states representing ethnic and
religious diversity. The majority population in most of these states
though Hindu is largely secular and coexists with minority
Muslims, Christians and Sikhs. In most states, there is little polar-
ization along the lines of religion. Over half a dozen of the most
populous states have very sizeable minority populations with rep-
resentation in the state assemblies and parliament through several
secular and regional parties. Also poor people comprise over one-
third of Indias population.
Thus the national leaders and Prime Minister have to be those
who represent the inclusive values and coalition politics of the
diverse nation, not those who polarize the population along the
lines of religion, and who use fear to govern, as Mr. Modi has
demonstrated about himself all his years in power. Being for devel-
opment alone is not enough.
In the last few years despite his claims of success, except for
a counted few states, hardly any other state in India has invited
Mr. Modi to visit it - not even states ruled by his own BJP (e.g.,
Bihar, Karnataka). He is also not welcome in most countries out-
side India. Thus, based on his social/political philosophy, style of
governance and personal characteristics, it appears that Mr. Modi
cannot be a leader outside Gujarat and cannot be a national Indian
leader acceptable to the Indian people.
Why Modi Cannot Be A National Leader?
Every death diminishes me - so has the tragedy of 16 Dec.
Damini / Nirbhays tragic end stirred the sleeping conscience of
the countrymen. Since long the nation has been in blissfull stupor
- king of complacency that all is well. Incidents of rape were
either dismissed as aberrations or as a consequence of provoca-
tions by the victims themselves. However, this particular barbari-
ty of 16 December created an awareness which has been lacking
for long. Had the nation risen as one voice against what happened
in Surat or Naroda Patia then the tragedy of gang-rapes would
have been contained. At that time the rapists were hailed as
sharaya purush (men of valour).
A tolerant society goes on ignoring symptoms of the disease
which gradually accumulates to result in such kind of eruption The
kind of violence which our films and T.V. have been encashing has
entered deep into the psyche of people. Obscenity is no longer
frowned at. Item songs such as sheela ki jawani and munni bad-
nam ho gai or the latest chipkai lo fevicol se ensure box office
success but these provocative titillation have taken firm roots in
the minds of the people (read males) who are not satisfied with
mere reel life. When society not only invites porn-star and offers
roles in Big Boss and films; the audience are so mesmerised
that they want to re-play the events is in their own real lives. The
kind of trash women writers have produced in English fiction has
created a class of admirers who too try the subtle art of seducing
suggested in these texts. This is in addition to what one reads in
vernacular languages or watches on internet.
Several women have suffered because of the modern mantra
of live-in relationship. After a period of 2-3 years the hysteria gets
subdued and then all of sudden they seek police help for the
alleged rape they themselves had been a party to.
Government decided to impose a ban on cigarette / smoking
ads. Similarly, it has also banned ads of wine. But there has been
no ban on ads of sex stimulants, aphrodisiacs which are available
in plenty in every chemist shop. In fact, the ads themselves are so
vulgar in taste that they fire the imagination of consumers much
before their use. No newspaper has the decency to refuse such
ads. These very newspapers are raising a hue and cry when the
consumers of these stimulants go berserk.
All crimes, to a great extent, are a result of bad parenting. The
modern family, which is now devoid of elderly persons, has only
husband and wife. There is no one to take care of children when
the parents are away on their jobs. Leisure hours bring them a lot
of unrestricted, uninhibated entertainment on T.V. / internet.
Moreover, parents themselves have become more and more liber-
al and lenient. They dont mind defying ethical norms. Hypocrisy,
cheating, falsehood that parents practice in their day to day lives
with relatives and neighbours prompt children to resort to similar
unethical practices. Mothers do not control their sons nor do sis-
ters their brothers. Amma dekh, tera munda bigda jay remains
only a film song; Amma does not bother about munda and his
cronies.
Religious education is now regarded as an evil which is
believed to be instrumental in the backwardness of wards. Inspite
of a lot of rituals which some reluctantly observe; children fail to
grasp the moral code of con-
duct their religions try to incul-
cate. Though there has been a
spurt in the number of temples
and mosques these have pro-
duced communally sensitive youth instead of making them reli-
gious in spirit. On the slightest provocation they are willing to
attack others but are unmindful of the morality their faiths want
them to imbibe especially towards women, children and the elder-
ly. It is time to evolve a new life style - an ethically governed code
of conduct in which children (and adults too) are encouraged to
respect gender differences and are enjoined to respect the dignity
of the fair sex - preaching to them the inviolability of their honour.
When we appreciate chhona na, chhona, ab mai jawan ho gai
as an artists accomplishment we say good bye to ethics and
morality. We rather, seduce males to go ahead with their vicious
designs. Stop producing Dirty Pictures
AG KHAN
II
Candlelights and then blazing torches wavering among the sea of
silent, sober and well-behaved humanity at Jantar Mantar in New
Delhi was a sight to behold. Hundreds of young men and women,
in particular jeans-clad supposedly educated young girls, braving
the harsh winter protesting the unimaginable heinous crime in the
modern civilized world was inspiring, to say the least. All and
sundry, especially womenfolk, were demanding severe punish-
ment, even something more than death penalty for the perpetra-
tors of such abhorrent act against a helpless student who so inno-
cently had walked into their trap, an innocuous private bus plying
on the roads of the seat of power. It was also encouraging to
observe sensible Police attitude who might have been instructed
in no uncertain words from high-ups. Earlier, when the brave girl,
even so described by the supervisor of Gujarat pogrom in which
thousands of womenfolk were raped, killed and burned alive, was
fighting for life under the watchful eyes of expert medical teams,
Parliament echoed with the chant of death penalty strangely even
by a socialist turned extreme rightist opposition leader like
Sushma Swaraj. Yes, Madam, it is necessary to implement the
Shariah as a deterrent to such barbarism. One feels tempted to
invite Ms Sushma Swaraj to open-mindedly go through Islamic
Shariah and decide whether such crimes can be the order of day,
as is happening in our beloved country, in countries where it is
only partially implemented. Ironically, the same Ms Swaraj was
seen so excitedly patting the victorious supervisor of Gujarat
pogrom. Madam, do you need reminding that thousands of
women were tortured, raped, burned alive and killed in 2002 and
even before that in 1993, their modesty was outraged in most
bestial ways by animals who are still alive and boasting. This hap-
pened in the much claimed developed and vibrant Gujarat ruled by
your party. Ms Swaraj, what punishment you suggest to the mob
who not only disrobed but videographed hapless women running
for their lives?
On one hand people, especially women, are suggesting
restraint and good behaviour on part of men but on the other, TV
channels are showing ads, even in prime time and during cricket
matches, suggesting ways of seducing girls and talking endlessly
with them on mobile phones. It is really shameful that sports
celebrities have no compunction in promoting products in such
despicable ways. Are they only thinking of filling their coffers for-
getting the fact that youth is prone to emulate their behaviour?
While we are crying hoarse to have stringent laws to deal with
sexual harassment, our TV channels are putting up tantalizing ads
of safe contraceptives. Are they not planting seeds of lust in imma-
ture impressionable minds? Will these ads not act as stimulant
diverting our youths from the set goal of nation building through
hard work? This obscenity is not confined to TV screens but one
comes across numerous such posters on streets and newspapers.
One possible explanation for lethargy on part of government is the
fact that those putting up ads and posters are influential in the
sense that government depends on them for funding in elections.
The moment one mentions dress code, he is branded
misogynist; curtailing freedom of women etc. As a matter of
fact, jeans may prove an easy to wear dress free of frequent main-
tenance but the same can be worn modestly along with a long
shirt instead of short and much exposed T-shirts. Champions of
women freedom, may be asked: should we allow students to
wear bikini? One has to accept the fact that a properly clad
woman with modest get-up is less prone to sexual advancement
than half-clad women walking with a swagger. Why fashion
shows and cat-walks are claimed as liberator of women? Truly
speaking, they are for exploiting the female body by unscrupulous
men.
Gandhi ji dreamed of an India free from the scourge of intoxi-
cating drinks leading to disaster for poor families. A teetotaller, he
was dead against sale of liquor on our streets but a government
for which it is a major source of revenue, does not feel ashamed
in going against the wishes of the Father of Nation. Filling gov-
ernment coffers at the cost of poor citizens lives is a priority for
our conscience-starved government. We are witness to more
liquor shops than tea in our cities and rural areas. Even sports and
film celebrities do not bat an eyelid promoting alcohol beverages.
In most of sexual assault cases, the accused were found in an ine-
briated state but recent protests in our capital failed to raise the
issue of banning intoxicating products in a big way. Government
and society, in particular, has the great responsibility towards
health of citizens and keeping meagre income families intact. Our
legislators must consider this important issue while debating
stringent laws for sexual harassment. They must give their valu-
able time thrashing out the modus operandi for suppressing ways
facilitating sexual assault/harassment.
In this age of Internet and mobile phones, both men and
women have difficulty in keeping on the right track. Earlier, promis-
cuity was restricted and required real world action; not any more
as a lot now occurs in the virtual world. The society as a whole
will have to strive for inculcating moral values in our youths and
thus the role of parents, schools and neighbours acquires great
significance. Everyone will have to play his/her role for a healthy
nation.
Regarding death penalty as a deterrent, one must fully be con-
vinced of the crime completely cancelling out the possibility of
innocent sacrifice at the gallows. Strangely, in Afzal Gurus case
writer Arundhati Roy was critical of vehement clamouring for the
noose even when concrete evidence is lacking. Can we sacrifice
a life just to satisfy the Conscience of a Nation? We must, there-
fore, argue and totally thrash out the modus operandi for judging
the sexual offender and legislate accordingly.
SALMAN SULTAN
Time to turn to sanity
www.milligazette.com
NATIONAL The Milli Gazette, 16-31 January 2013 3
Lucknow: Welcoming the Allahabad High
Courts decision to dismiss the petition against
the release of the innocents kidnapped in the
name of terrorism, Rihai Manch representatives
said here on 4 January that the SP government
no longer faced any legal obstacles to fulfil the
promises the party made during the assembly
election campaign.
Commenting on the HC verdict, retired IPS
officer S.R. Darapuri said that if the government
fails to release the falsely implicated youths, it
would present itself as a collaborator of ATS and
IB activities, shielding them from the conse-
quences of their criminal and communal ill-
doings which the RD Nimesh Commission report
has unearthed and which the government has
been desperately trying to hide from the public
eye for the last four months.
The Indian National League President
Mohammad Sulaiman and Rihai Manch
President Advocate Mohammad Shoaib said that
even as the Allahabad High Court judge rejected
the petition, the public prosecutor said that the
government was in no mood to release the
imprisoned youths.
It is clear from the SP governments inaction
that they do not intend to keep the promises its
leader (now chief minister) Akhilesh Yadav made
during his Azamgarh rallies and senior SP leader
Ram Gopal Yadavs assurance that he will raise
the issue in Parliament. They said it is an old trick
and Muslims know better now about SPs
actions in the light of the eight months of its cur-
rent rule.
Magsaysay award winning social worker
Sandeep Pandey, who was on an indefinite fast
demanding the release of the falsely implicated
youth, had been reassured by the government
that the matter will be expeditiously taken care of
but the public prosecutor representing the gov-
ernments case in the high court argued in a
manner that proved that the government was
making empty promises.
Yugal Kishor condemns
saffron goons
Reciever of the Chisti
Harmony Award, and
the 16th witness in
the Babri Masjid
demolition case,
Yugal Kishore
Shastri, who has just
completed the
Citizens Harmony
Walk from Ayodhya
to Kanyakumari,
condemned the attacks on the three-day Awam
Ka Cinema Ayodhya Film Festival commemorat-
ing freedom martyrs Ashfaqullah Khan and
Pandit Ram Prasad Bismil.
Awam ka Cinema has successfully organ-
ised such fests all over India and has played an
important role in strengthening the idea of com-
mon heritage among the people. During the last
six years of its activity in Ayodhya, it has seen
overwhelming participation by the youths and
social and cultural activists. Communal forces
have tried to attack the fabric of our common
heritage but have failed to destroy it, he said
adding that it was a direct attack on an important
part of our secular Constitution. He said the con-
spirators wont be successful as the popular
sentiment doesnt play into their hands anymore
and has vowed to strengthen the legacy of sec-
ularism and common heritage in Ayodhya. He
gave the credit for Indias greatness to its secu-
lar creed and commented that if its secularism is
lost, its unity and integrity will be compromised.
Shastri said that vigilante groups were keeping
an eye on such forces and would not let them
succeed.
Shastri added that such forces did not con-
tribute to Indias freedom struggle and have only
misused Nationalism as an agenda for furthering
their anti-national propaganda and its only
because of their anti-national sentiments that they
felt compelled to attack and disrupt an event hon-
oring Kakori freedom heroes. He clarified that
Awaam Cinema focusses on concerns of the peo-
ple and does not have communal or religious fla-
vor.
BJP out to protect Adityanath
Lucknow: BJP Yuva Morcha is up in arms
against Sanjay Rai, the Papraich police station
incharge in Gorakhpur district who had regis-
tered a case under sections 504 and 506 against
the Gorakhpur BJP MP, Yogi Adityanath who had
threatened the said police officer over the phone
and used foul language against him for settling a
dispute between a Muslim lady and a Hindu res-
ident of Kambhar village under the said police
station, apparently in favour of the Muslim lady.
BJP people are active in both Gorakhpur and
Lucknow to force the said officer to withdraw his
complaint against Adityanath who is a known
promoter of Hindutva terror and maintains an
armed militia which terrorises people in the east-
ern part of Uttar Pradesh.
New Developments in the
Samjhauta blast case
Recent developments in the National
Investigation Agency (NIA)s probe of the 2007
Samjhauta Blast case has resulted in arrests of
three persons, namely Rajendar alias Samandar
Singh, arrested from Nagda in Ujjain, Dhan
Singh, arrested from Chitrakoot on the UP-
Madhya Pradesh border region and Tej Ram from
Ujjain, an accused in the Mecca Masjid blast
case. They are expected to play a potential role
in unravelling the mysteries behind the
Samjhauta-Mecca Masjid-Malegaon-Ajmer-
Jammu blast cases.
Samandar has confessed to be the man who
attacked the Delhi University professor SAR
Geelani in 2005 and played a key role in the mur-
der of Sunil Joshi, an RSS pracharak who was
the leader of the terrorist gang which planted
bombs in the above mentioned cases. His han-
dlers and co-conspirators became insecure due
to realisation that Joshi knows too-much about
the right-wing organisations terrorist activities
and the Hindu terror network across the country.
The NIA claimed Samandar eliminated other
blast witnesses in the saffron organization.
Surprisingly, the 2004 Jammu bombing of
an Ahl-e Hadees Mosque, which the J&K Police
alleged was carried out by Tahreekul
Muajahideen, has been claimed by these arrest-
ed persons.
The Samjhauta blast had claimed 68 lives.
Its probe was handed over to the NIA in 2010.
Before arresting Samandar based on an
informers tip-offs, NIA had secured the custody
of Kamal Chouhan, Swami Aseemanand and
Lokesh Sharma, all lower rung players in the saf-
fron terror network.
A 2011 chargesheet
in the case slapped UAPA
against Aseemanand,
Sandeep Dange and Ram
Kalasangra in addition to
the deceased pracharak Sunil Joshi.
The NIA said there were similarities in the
explosives and techniques used which indicates
the involvement of the same set of people from
the Hindu terror network in both the Mecca
Masjid and the Samjhauta blasts. These indica-
tors have been corroborated by some of the
accused during investigations.
The absconding Sandeep Dange and Ram
Kalasangra carry rewards on their heads.
According to Congress leader Digvijaya Singh,
they are on the run with the full cooperation of
the BJP-ruled M.P. state police.
The Malegaon blasts had been blamed on
nine Muslim men by the Maharashtra ATS. These
men were freed on bail by a court in 2011 after
Swami Aseemanand had admitted the involve-
ment of terrorist Hindu groups in the case.
Mecca Masjid blast was earlier blamed on
SIMI and LeT but, according to the NIA, it will
likely join the list of operations carried out with
Samandar Singhs involvement.
Yet another militants head-
count in J&K
The Union Home Ministry, puzzled by three dif-
ferent figures for the headcount of armed mili-
tants in Jammu and Kashmir provided by differ-
ent authorities, has directed intelligence agen-
cies to give a comprehensive report on the mat-
ter so as to help facilitate planning future securi-
ty operations and security-related expenditures.
The IB, the J&K Police and the Military
Intelligence counted the numbers with assess-
ments at 600, 284, and 462 militants respective-
ly. Defence sources regard IBs figure to be the
closest to the real figures.
A senior security official stated that there
had been a decline in the number of militants. A
sharp decline in the number after the count could
provide impetus to the demand for removal of
AFSPA in the Valley.
NIA to take over Katka case
For the first time the National Intelligence Agency
has sought to take over a case registered in
Karnataka. Anticipating the Karnataka govern-
ments approval, the NIA and the state police
have held meetings and the NIA is working in
cooperation with Saudi Arabia and Pakistan.
The case involves 18 Muslim youths arrest-
ed from Bangalore, Hubli, Naded, and
Hyderabad, having links with Indian Muslim
Mohammadin Mujahidin, an outfit allegedly
founded in Hyderabad to eliminate local right-
wing leaders. Its alleged leader was killed in a
police encounter in Andhra Pradesh in 2000.
The NIA will probe the links between the
youths and the IMMM and is expected to seek
issue of red corner notices against four youths
believed to be hiding in Saudi Arabia and
Pakistan.
Compiled by AALIYA KHAN
U.P. government is protecting
the communal IB, ATS: Darapuri
Quote, Unquote
President Obama thinks that peace should be made with the
Muslim world. We, the State of Israel, do not appear to be think-
ing along those lines. We must not lose the support of the United
States. What gives Israel bargaining power in the international
arena is the support of the United States. Even if the Americans
do not take part in the negotiations, they are present at them. If
Israel were to stand alone, its enemies would swallow it up.
Without U.S. support, it would be very difficult for us. We would
be like a lone tree in the desert.
Israeli President SHIMON PERES, New York Times 13 Jan. 2013
Respond now if you care about your community
White Paper on Terrorism:
calling out readers & researchers
The most important and burning issue facing Indian Muslims at present is the continuing
arrests and widespread fake implication of our youth in trumped up terror cases master-
minded by saffron elements in the government, IB and Police. Now almost all Muslim
organisations are up in arms against this state terror. People are organising dharnas,
meetings, conference etc all over the country.
As a long-term solution and serious response to this problem thrust upon us, All India
Muslim Majlis-e Mushawarat (AIMMM) has decided to bring out a white paper on the
Muslim-related terrorism in the country. This was discussed and passed during the
Working Committee meeting on 7 July. But since AIMMM does not have the required
funds and staff, I have undertaken the responsibility of preparing this white paper which
will be comprehensive in around 600+ large format pages covering the whole history
and genesis, communalism, vested interests in various fields, analysis of various laws
like TADA, POTA and UAPA, fake encounters, acquittals, IB & Police role, media attitude,
case studies, statewise studies, SIMI and so-called Indian Mujahidin, Hindutva terror,
individual tragedies of victims, Azamgarh, Bhatkal, Malegaon, Darbhanga modules,
some basic documents, etc.
The target is to bring it out during the next six months and release it in a big conven-
tion at Delhi as a combined effort of all Muslim organisations, and thereafter present the
white paper to politicians, media, human rights orgs, especially those abroad, in order to
enlighten public opinion as well as to build pressure on our blind and deaf government.
The estimated cost of this white paper is Rs 25 lakh divided as follows: Rs 10 lakh
cost of preparation and payments to contributors plus six months salaries to three per-
sons including an expert; Rs 10 lakh for designing and printing the document in a world-
class format; and Rs 5 lakh convention costs. The first two concern the undersigned
while the last (convention) concerns AIMMM.
To finance this effort which will be a watershed in this struggle against state terror-
ism in India, I need and solicit your full support. This may be either by direct contribution
for the effort or by buying copies in advance which could later be sent to you or to oth-
ers at your behalf. The estimated price of the white paper is Rs 2000 at least. Our well-
wishers can pay Rs 1000 only per copy as advance purchase (plus any actual postal or
courier charges which will be indicated and payable later). Payments for the copies may
be made to our publishing company (Pharos Media & Publishing Pvt Ltd, D-84 Abul Fazal
Enclave-I, Jamia Nagar, New Delhi 110 025 - Email: books@pharosmedia.com).
Individuals and organisations ordering a minimum of 100 copies will be included as
sponsors of the White Paper. Contribution towards the organisation of the convention
may be sent to the All India Muslim Majlis-e Mushawarat, D-250 Abul Fazal Enclave, part
1, Jamia Nagar, New Delhi 110 025.
Experts who can contribute to this white paper may kindly write to me with some
detail about their past experience and work.
ZAFARUL-ISLAM KHAN, Editor, The Milli Gazette - edit@milligazette.com
www.milligazette.com
A Meeting of criminal
politicians in India
Mr. A.:
I have heard the politics is now taking a new shape,
No ticket to those who are facing the charge of rape.
Mr. B.:
Yes, following the gang-rape and the public outrage,
Our leaders have now started talking like a holy sage.
Mr. C.:
Each one of them is posing as if they are a real saint,
But it is we who are aware of the colour of their paint.
Let the time come, we will expose their boastful claim,
For their pleasures, we have so far taken all the blame.
Mr. D.:
But what about those involved in other heinous crimes,
They are declared eligible to be the leaders of our times.
Mr. E.:
And what about the corrupt who are raping the nation,
As with the power they always maintain lovely equation.
Mr. F.:
Oh dear friends, all this outcry is only a transitory phase,
Soon it will be called simply as some foolishness and craze.
Mr. G.:
Dont think your rape charges will cause you any damage,
You must call it as your rivals plot to malign your image.
Mr. H.:
Be sure, we all are the pillars of our flourishing democra-
cy, We are its future: Everything else is nothing but
hypocrisy.
MUSTAFA KAMAL SHERWANI
sherwanimk@yahoo.com
Pune: Rashtra Premi Samiti, an organisation which has been leading
a peoples movement for the release of innocent Muslims has taken
a new turn and given a new slogan to its movement under Mission,
2014 i.e. If no release of innocent Muslims, no votes of our fami-
lies. Leader of the movement and president of Rashtra Premi Samiti,
Anjum Inamdar says that under this mission a movement will be
started in the whole of Pune and its surrounding areas till the forth-
coming general elections and people, particularly Muslims will be
asked to ensure that unless innocent people are released, they will
not vote for any party. This movement was started on 16 December
with a speech at Bopodi which was addressed by Justice Kolse Patil,
Ms. Pratima Pardesi, a dynamic leader and active worker of Satya
Shodhak, Maulana Abdul Hameed Azhari and Ramesh Rakshay.
Secretary of Rashtra Premi Samiti, Saleem Sheikh while speak-
ing about the aims and objectives of this movement said that they
had been voting for the Congress for the past 65 years but in return
they got nothing and on the contrary there were more than 30,000
anti Muslim riots all over the country. He said in an organised and
surreptitious manner all governments, and its organs ATS, IB, Delhi
Polices Special Cell and particularly media worked as enemies of
Muslims. He said that things came to such a head that their policy
was to catch hold of any Muslim any where, put the label of Indian
Mujahideen (I.M.) or any so-called terrorist organisation on him and
put him in jail on various fictitious charges. The result is that this has
become the common strategy of our security agencies and even in
jails Muslims are not safe.
He revealed that in Aakanksha Resort of this very city of Pune
about 500 Brahmins were trained in assembling bombs and the use
of different fire arms and the person providing such trainings was no
other than Lt. Col. Purohit of the Indian army. He further said none of
these 500 terrorists could be identified nor was any one of them
arrested. Our demand to the government is that instead of playing
with and destroying the lives of innocent Muslims, those 500 terror-
ists should be identified / traced. Unless this is done, our votes will
not be cast in favour of any party.
Justice Kolse Patil, who presided over this meeting, said while
speaking about his experiences in the High Court that many Hindu
judges used to call Muslims not by their names but by abusive words
and names. He said that if this is the attitude of honourable judges,
what can one expect of common people? In order to make this move-
ment for the release of innocent Muslims a success he suggested
that Muslim leaders and common Muslims should associate with this
movement. Only then will this movement succeed. About politicians,
who belong to all castes, communities, religions and parties, he said
that all of them are government agents and representatives of their
own parties and people. About unnecessary and unreasonable
Hindu-Muslim disputes, he said that all of us are born and made of
the same clay and except religion there is no difference amongst us.
About the tricks being played by Brahmins he said that unless the
Brahmins make Hindus and Muslims fight against each other, they
can neither be safe nor can their superiority be maintained.
Commenting on the relationship between the police and RSS he
said that at one time RSS chief and police chief were two real
brothers. Probably he meant Vaidya brothers. He expressed his
great concern over the general trend that many high police officials
after their retirement work for the RSS and consider it patriotism.
Laying emphasis on Muslims associating with this movement he
said that they would certainly work for the release of innocent
Muslims but they (Muslims), particularly Muslim women should
also come forward and play a dynamic and active role in every
such movement.
Mrs. Pratima Pardesi, general secretary of Satya Shodhak
Mahasabha and an active Samajwadi worker said that the use of the
word minority for Muslims is itself insulting and a symbol of con-
veying an inferiority complex, adding that the arrest of innocent
Muslims and putting them in jails are on this very basis, that they are
Muslims. She said that this is indicative of a hateful conspiracy and
mean mentality whose roots are linked to Brahministic system. She
said that this can be possible by portraying some one else as a ter-
rorist. She assured Muslims that they are her brothers and sisters and
she would always be with them in all their travails and grievances;
whenever they will call us, we shall always come to help. She said
that BJP, BD, RSS and VHP which describe Muslims as foreigners are
in fact Americas slaves and agents.
Maulana Abdul Hameed Azhari, President of All Par ties
Organisation and an active social worker from Malegaon said that
when the bomb blast had taken place in Malegaon in 2006, all those
killed were Muslims and subsequently all those who were arrested
also were Muslims. He said that even a minor child will say that at the
time when Muslims were present in the graveyard for burying their
dead relatives, why a Muslim would like to kill them; but our anti-
Muslim agencies are taught to blame only Muslims in all untoward
incidents who are all bent upon making the lives of Muslims a hell.
Giving a strong call to the sleeping spirit and self respect of Muslims
he said that silence and inaction is a symbol of death and the true
spirit of Islam and precious legacy and asset of our forefathers lies in
continuous struggle.
General secretary of Bhart Mukti Morcha, Ramesh Raakshay who
has been actively participating in this movement of Muslims from day
one said that there was no Hindu in this country. This country is Bharat
and calling it Hindustan is in fact strengthening the hands of Brahmins
who are our common enemies. He said that unless Dalits, backward
classes, Muslims and Christians unite, all people in this country will
continue to be victims of Brahminic mentality. (NA Ansari)
Muslims shun movements: Justice Patil
4 The Milli Gazette, 16-31 January 2013 NATIONAL www.milligazette.com
RSS wins over tribals
Ujjain had a mega-show of tribals from various parts of the country.
A three day concourse (24-26 December) was organised on the
completion of 60 years of Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram at the Alpine
College on Dewas Road. Participants from Tamil Nadu, Jharkhand,
Assam, Tripura, Manipur, Himachal Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh
were given a red carpet welcome. A rally of 8000 persons starting
from Mahakaleshwar temple passed through different parts of the
city. To express their solidarity with them, local families brought
home made meals and shared food with them. The programme was
inaugurated by the national president Jagdev Ram Urano and con-
cluded with the address of Mohan Bhagwat, the RSS sar sanghacha-
lak. Also present was the state chief minister, Shivraj Singh Chouhan,
along with some cabinet colleagues. Mahanandaleshwar
Akhileshwarandji Giri blessed the function.
Slowly but surely the sangha has taken deep roots among the
tribals with their hindutva agenda under the slogan of returning to
mainstream. It has paid them rich dividends. Take Gujarat or Orissa,
to cite, where it let lose a reign of terror among the Muslims and
Christians. The Assam exodus is the latest feather in its cap. This is
not a road-show of a political party for electoral gains. The sangh
sends teams of dedicated pracharaks who resign from their lucrative
jobs and work steadily for decades. Swami Aseemanand is not the
sole activist. Thousands of committed volunteers dot every nook and
corner of land.
Atul Jog, a diploma holder in Mechanical Engineering, resigned
from a job in private company to work full time among the tribals. He
was assigned extension of Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram activities in the
North-East. He proudly claims that in 20 years he has changed the
entire scenario. In the past none was aware of Hindutva in the seven
states while there are 4500 children at present studying in different
ashrams. He asserts that their activists are in every part of the NE.
The mission assigned to them enjoins to put the tribals on a sound
footing, to safeguard their traditions and beliefs and to inculcate the
spirit of nationalism (read hindutva). A border tour (seemant yatra)
was undertaken recently covering 1200 kms of Arunachal Pradesh.
Its reverberations were felt in New Delhi too.
Girish Kuber who hails from Maharashtra (Satara district) has
been associated with Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram for two decades. M.Sc
degree holder, Kuber, oversees the affairs in M.P. and Chhatisgarh. He
claims that the mission is to bring people into the mainstream. When
enquired whether to the Kalyan Ashram or to hindutva; he enlightens
that our service and association with them automatically win them to
hindutva. We take care of their education, health and employment.
There are hundreds of such committed missionaries. They accom-
plished what an army of government employees and hundred of wel-
fare schemes failed to achieve. While the congress governments,
knowingly or unknowingly, maintained a stupor; an army of militants
mushroomed in the N.E. determined to expel Bangladeshis (read
Muslims) from the region. Recall how the outfits created panic and
exploited the situations through SMSes in Karnataka. How Muslims
were thrown out of trains while returning to safety.
It is high time the government agencies began to monitor their
activities to ensure that nationalism mission is not a camouflage for
a hidden agenda. Proximity to international borders must not give
other countries a pretext to intervene - something that col. Purohit
had envisioned. (AG Khan)
Gang rape case
pending for 37 years
Lucknow: There is huge pendency of rape cases in lower
courts of Lucknow. As many as 605 rape cases are pend-
ing, of these, 54 gang rape cases and 373 rape cases are in
the trial stage, whereas 34 gang rapes and 144 rape matters
are awaiting committal from the magistrates courts to ses-
sions court.
The session judge KK Sharma has sought details of the
pending cases and decided to allot three courts for the trial
of rape cases only. He has also asked the chief judicial mag-
istrate to monitor the status of rape cases at pre-trial stage
before committal and ensure that the cases are speedily
sent to sessions courts after completing the necessary for-
malities. The sessions judge will supervise the progress of
the trial and see that justice is delivered expeditiously. These
steps have been taken by the judge after the Delhi gang rape
incident. The public outrage over the incident also brought to
the fore huge pendency of cases related to crime against
women across the country. In Lucknow, it was found that a
rape case of 1975 is still pending for disposal in one of the
Lucknow courts. Under Krishnanagar police station, a girl
hailing from Kandhi Bazar of Kolkata was raped and the
police had submitted a chargesheet 37 years ago, but the
case is yet not committed for trial. Meanwhile, one of the
three accused in the case has died, while two are abscond-
ing. In yet another incident of the same police station, a
woman was raped in 1976 and her case is also awaiting
committal. Similarly, cases of 1982, 1983, 1987, 1989 of
different police stations are also awaiting to be committed to
the sessions court. In one of the rape cases, the trial began
in 1993 but has not concluded as yet. (Ashish Tripathi, TNN,
Jan 5, 2013)
50,000 street children in Delhi
A study by Save the Children, an international organisation,
has documented the plight of 50,923 children found on the
streets of Delhi during July and August 2010, the period of
the study. The children were found to be consuming intoxi-
cants, making do on an empty stomach and only 40% could
secure medical counsel when they were sick. A survey was
conducted of 1000 children from each zone in Delhi and it
was found that only 4% of them could write their names,
92% used illegal intoxicants from an age younger than 10
years, 90% were physically abused by policemen and 24%
had run away from their homes.
342.9 lakh widows in the
country: Census 2001
New Delhi. The Ministry of Rural Development is administer-
ing the Indira Gandhi National Widow Pension Scheme (IGN-
WPS) under which Central assistance is given towards pen-
sion @ Rs. 300/- per month to widows below the poverty
line in the age group of 40-79 years which is expected to be
supplemented by at least an equal matching contribution by
the States. Disbursement of pension is being done by the
concerned State Governments. The Minister of State for
Social Justice and Empowerment, P. Balram Naik told in a
written reply to a question in Rajya Sabha today that at pres-
ent, there is no such proposal under consideration.
However, the Ministry of social Justice and Empowerment is
implementing a Central Sector Scheme of Integrated
Programme for Older Persons under which financial assis-
tance is also provided to the implementing agencies for run-
ning and maintenance of Multi Facility Care Centres for Older
Widows.As per Census 2001, there are 342.9 lakh widows
in the country. The Ministry of Women and Child
Development is also implementing two Schemes namely,
Swadhar and Short Stay Homes under which assistance is
provided to the implementing agencies for running shelter
homes. Under the Scheme of Swadhar, support services
viz. shelter, food, clothing, counselling, training, clinical and
legal aid are provided to rehabilitate women in difficult cir-
cumstances including widows. The Scheme of Short Stay
Home is meant to provide temporary accommodation,
maintenance and rehabilitative services to women including
widows and girls rendered homeless due to family discord,
crime, violence, mental stress, social ostracism or who are
being forced into prostitution and are in moral danger.
Widows can also avail the facilities being provided under the
Scheme.
Israeli scholarships
New Delhi: Government of Israel, probably for the first time,
has granted scholarships to 66 Indian students for study
and research in different disciplines in some important uni-
versities and research institutions of that country for a peri-
od of three years. The 66 students belong to IIT, Delhi,
Osmania, Delhi, Lucknow, Mumbai, Kolkata universities and
some other academic institutions. They will study and con-
duct research in different fields like immunology, bio-infor-
matics, computer sciences, law, economics etc. in impor-
tant universities and specialised institutions like Hebrew
University at Jerusalem, Technion-Israel Institute of
Technology at Tel Aviv University, Haifa University, Ben
Gurion University, Weizmann Institute of Science and the
Open University of Israel. (NA Ansari)
Why govt does not file a reply in the
Supreme Court regarding section 341?
New Delhi: Janta Dal (U) member of Parliament Ali Anwar Ansari
said while talking to mediapersons that the Constitution of India
does not allow any kind of discrimination on the basis of religion
but government has continuously been adopting the policy of dis-
crimination right from 1950 in connection with Dalit reservation.
When the facility of reservation is being given to Hindu, Sikh and
Budh dalits, why are Muslims and Christians being deprived of this
facility / concession? Ali Anwar Ansari, who has been carrying on
a campaign for amending section 341 of the Constitution for a
long time said that if by changing religion the social status of a
person in society does not change what is the reason that a Hindu
Dalit can enjoy the facility of reservation but as soon as he
embraces Islam or Christianity, he does not remain a dalit and he
is deprived of the reservation facility. This is out and out an injus-
tice. He demanded of the government as to why unnecessarily
delay is being made in filing a reply to Supreme Cour ts query in
this regard and why the Attorney General does not say yes or no
in reply to SCs query? He said that the Supreme Cour t has sim-
ply asked for clarification that if Justice Ranganath Mishra has
described the religious restriction under section 341 as unconsti-
tutional, what was the governments reply to this. The government
should immediately file its reply in the Supreme Cour t.
Ansari said that it is strange that Hindus and Muslims of the same
caste and doing the same kind of work are not considered to deserve
the same facilities. Among the Hindus, people belonging to dalit and
backward classes are eligible for or deserve reservation but among
Muslims people of the same caste or class and in site of doing the
same type of work are denied reservation. He said that we are neither
against reservation to dalits nor reservation in promotions but we
want justice for people belonging to backward and dalit categories
among Muslims and Christians. He said that people and leaders of
Dalit communities should be large hearted and support their counter-
parts in Muslim and Christian communities so that these people also,
who have been meted out injustices for 62 years should get justice
and they also should be able to share the fruits of progress in socie-
ty. (NA Ansari)
ANHAD blames Congress for Modis victory
NATIONAL The Milli Gazette, 16-31 January 2013 5 www.milligazette.com
New Delhi: The claim that Congress worked for its own defeat and
for the victory of Narendra Modi in the recent Gujarat assembly
elections may appear preposterous but thats what the moving
spirit behind ANHAD (Act Now for Harmony and Democracy), Mrs.
Shabnam Hashmi said while talking to media persons at the
Constitution Club in Delhi. Her another claim, that cheating and foul
play was resorted to through tampering of electronic voting
machines (EVMs) appears to be equally preposterous but she
insists that EVMs are a great danger to democracy and if the cheat-
ing made through tampering of EVMs are not investigated thor-
oughly by an independent agency the forces, Indian as well as for-
eign, which manipulated Modis recent victory may very well work
in the same way to make him (Modi) prime minister of India in
2014 general elections. It may be stated that before the assembly
elections in Gujarat in December 2012 she had been working and
campaigning in that state for months together among the deprived
sections, toiling masses and minorities at grass root level against
Modi and the impression she and her colleagues had gathered was
that there was large scale resentment for and dissatisfaction with
Modi among all these as well as others. Hence, when the results
were made public, not only she but those people also were great-
ly surprised and shocked, at how he had won. She said that her
colleagues and workers who had been campaigning in Gujarat
received phone calls from people expressing their shock and sur-
prise, on Modis victory.
However, irrespective of what she says there was also a feel-
ing among many people that Congress, though apparently working
and making speeches against Modi and his party, reminding the
people repeatedly about the ghastly massacre and brutalities of
2002, wanted Modi to win, thinking that in that case it would pres-
ent Modi as a bogey, dreaded, anti-Muslim person and may suc-
ceed in attracting Muslim votes in its favour in the 2014
Parliamentary elections. From this point of view, Mrs. Hashmis
claim that Congress worked behind the scene for the return of Modi
to power may not appear as illogical and preposterous as it appar-
ently seems because every thing is possible in the dirty game of
politics.
Any way, coming again to Mrs. Hashimis views, she said
before mediapersons that she and her workers found a strong anti-
Modi wave in the greater part of Gujarat. She also said that before
the elections the presence of American diplomats and western
journalists and observers in Gujarat raises many questions. She
said that on the eve of first part of elections on 13 December Modi
appeared to be quite worried about his partys chances in the elec-
tions and he was campaigning here and there desperately but all of
a sudden after a couple of days and just before the final part of the
election on 17 December, his face looked bright. She said, the
question is how this happened all of a sudden? She said that her
experience of three decades as a social and political worker makes
her believe that there has definitely been some gadbad and manip-
ulation at the political level and that Congress has a role in all this
is not doubtful, though she did not elucidate in what way Congress
has played the trick.
When asked if she believed that EVMs have been manipulated
overnight, why she didnt complain to Election Commission, she
said that the Commission is in no way prepared to believe that
EVMs can in any way be manipulated. She however suggests that
in any future elections EVMs should never be used. About her
experience, working and observing things, she said that when she
had talked of hindutva terrorists network in 2007, people were
laughing at her but subsequently she was proved right.
Lastly, she said because of cheating the poor and toiling mass
of people, minorities etc. and to express her protest over it she had
decided to abdicate her membership and responsibilities from all
government committees. Accordingly on 28 December she
resigned from the membership of 5 government committees i.e.
Maulana Azad Education Foundation, Central Advisory Board of
Education, National Literacy Mission, National Commission for
Minorities Educational Institutions and Planning Commission of
India. When asked if her resignation would have any effect on the
government, she said that she was not concerned with its effect on
the government but this was the only thing she could do in order
to register her strong protest over the congress role in the fraud in
Gujarat. (NA Ansari)
Modi mantra: miyan joto nathi
Modi succeeded once again by crying wolf (read miyan). For the
third time in succession he could convince the Gujaratis that there
is no greater enemy of the nation than the miyan. From Afzal Guru
(2002) and Miyan Musharraf (2007) to Ahmed Miyan Patel
(2012), the slogan remained the same. Miyan is the Gabbar (of
Sholay) whom everyone in Gujarat dreads. Unnecessary to say
that if the BJP wants to grab Delhi in 2014 it has no option but to
stoop to an agrresive brand of Hindutva that Modi campaigns.
Moderates like Shivraj Singh Chouhan (who is also poised for a hat
trick) or Ram Singh are too humble to stake a claim though they
are better administrators and more acceptable to the NDA. The
arrogance demonstrated all over the campaign drive was quite
appealing: Na thakenge, na rukenge, aur na jhukenge can be seen
as a harmless slogan but the hidden message is expressed by.
No apology for you know what. The subtle message - no repen-
tance for 2002 carnage electrifies them - one and all. Without
spelling out the Hindutva creed, the message mesmerises millions
as it did in Nazi Germany and fascist Italy. BJP cannot afford to
ignore the call in its eagerness to return to power at any cost.
Instead of wooing Nitish and Sharad Yadav, it can safely rely on the
Modi magic and try to contest on its own.
If UPA has to survive the onslaught, it shall have to woo not
only Mamta, Maya and Mulayam in a tit-for-tat mantra: Modi joyto
nathi to avert an imminent harakiri. Rahul or Sonia shall be relegat-
ed to the periphery if they wish to contest alone. Neither direct cash
transfer is going to change the game nor lifting the cap on subsi-
dized cylinders will make much of a difference. Even the CBI may
have to go slow on arresting saffron suspects in various blasts.
Gujarat has shown that a sympathy wave for the riot accused
played a decisive role. They still nurse the hope that Modi will res-
cue those who have been sentenced to various terms. After all
2014 is not too far. Maya and Bajrangi are awaiting the day when
Modi as P.M. will pressurise the CBI to change its gears.
Havans and tankrik anushthans at a number of temples all over
the country kept the saffron hopes high. British intelligence was,
after all pretty sure of Modi magic which Congress failed to smell.
He deliberately spoke in Hindi to stake his claim to the national
stage: the more mudslinging you indulge against me, the more
number of lotuses will bloom. (AG Khan)
Maha not sincere towards Muslims
Maharashtra State Minority Commissions Chairman Munaf
Hakeem after touring Kolhapur district has submitted his tour
report to the chief minister Prithvi Raj Chauhan in which he has
written that the intentions of government officers of Maharashtra
towards Muslims and their problems are not sincere. He wrote that
their mentality, thinking and ideology is like communalists. In such
circumstances chances of the problems and difficulties of Muslims
being removed are very remote. He further wrote that during his
tour of Kolhapur he had a meeting with senior officers to discuss
the problems and difficulties of Muslims and finding solutions for
their problems but most of the officers were absent. S.P. of
Kolhapur has not yet been appointed and Sangli S.P. has been given
the charge of Kolhapur S.P. in addition to his own responsibilities
and the charge of Municipal Commissioner has been given to the
District Collector. He suggested that since these posts are very
important, and significant full time officers should be appointed on
these posts.
He further wrote that communal minded officers have been
appointed in Muslim populated areas who create obstacles in
developmental projects in these areas and Muslims have to suffer.
Restriction has been placed on namaz being offered in the mosque
of Kolhapur because of which Muslims are dissatisfied. He wrote
that on 27 August 2000 the S.P. of Kolhapur had issued an order
imposing restrictions on namaz being offered in the mosque and
that restriction is in force since then which is against the religious
freedom granted by the Constitution. He suggested that the chief
minister himself should enquire into this and issue an order permit-
ting namaz to be offered in that mosque and take action against the
concerned officer. Further, he wrote that the slaughter house of that
place has been ordered to be closed by municipal authorities. He
wrote that Maharashtra Pollution Control Board had clearly
instructed that the slaughter house be cleaned but the municipal
authorities shut down the slaughter house because of which per-
sons associated with it have lost their jobs and Muslims are facing
difficulties. When the plan was made to build the slaughter house
at another place, communal forces tried to block this also.
Minorities Commission Chairman suggested in his report that this
slaughter house must be built and also that government should
take strong action against saffron-minded officers.
Finally, Chairman Munaf Hakeem in his recommendations sug-
gested that the chief minister should pay special attention to the
problems of minorities and that he should intervene in the matter of
shutting down the slaughter house and mosques and take strong
action against the concerned officers. He further said that Shahoo
Maharaj, who is a secular minded person and always raised the
banner of secularism but his discriminatory attitude against
Muslims of Maharashtra is a matter of great concern and today in
his Maharashtra state such harmful and biased attitude is manifest
towards Muslims. He reiterated that government officers are not
taking the tour and meetings of Minorities Commissions Chairman
seriously. He suggested that a new programme be chalked out and
the officers should be clearly and firmly told to take interest in the
problems of minorities (Muslims) and help Muslims in removing
their difficulties. He said that he will again tour Kolhapur and after
reviewing the problems of Muslims there, will send another report
to the chief minister. (NA Ansari)
Urdu in Delhi schools
New Delhi: According to reliable information there are 778 schools
in Delhi in which Urdu sections could be opened but no Urdu
organisation or promoter of Urdu paid any attention to this matter.
Recently, applications of 100 Urdu teachers were invited by the
Delhi government but even after two months only 55 vacancies
could be filled. The reasons for this are, firstly, appointments were
divided into zones, which was a wrong step, and secondly and
more importantly the so-called Urdu lovers were themselves not
very active or keen. Though a claim is being made that there are
about 800 vacancies for Urdu teachers, even a 100 vacancies
could not be filled and as stated above, only 55 could be filled.
Chairman of Delhi Minorities Commission Safdar Khan says
that the process of appointing Urdu language teachers is going on
and according to him, 280 Urdu teachers have so far been appoint-
ed. Minorities Nodal Officer Dr. Shamshad laments that so far no
survey regarding the requirement of Urdu teachers has been con-
ducted. He says that there are at least 778 government schools in
Delhi in which Urdu can be taught but no Urduwallas nor organisa-
tions paid any attention towards this aspect or made any serious
effort to convince the concerned authorities to introduce Urdu in
these schools, seeing that out of about one thousand government
schools in Delhi there are about 780 such schools where the num-
ber of Muslim children / boys, ranges from 15 to 200, and accord-
ing to Delhi Schools Education Act if at least 6 children in any
school want to read Urdu, one Urdu teacher would be appointed
but government officers and employees themselves have been vio-
lating this Act from the very beginning. In addition to this, under the
3-language formula, in addition to Hindi and English a student has
to choose his mother tongue (Urdu, Punjabi or Sanskrit in Delhi) as
the third language but because of linguistic bias, school manage-
ments deliberately never made any arrangements for the teaching
of Urdu, with the result that Urdu students were compelled to read
Sanskrit.
Dr. Shamshad also said that when he was appointed nodal offi-
cer at that time Urdu was taught in 51 schools but now the num-
ber of such schools has gone up to more than 200. Giving the
example of Punjabi Academy, he said that this Academy has
played an important role in the appointment of Punjabi teachers. He
said that the decision about appointment of teachers zone-wise
has been taken so that local people could benefit.
Though government has been appointing Urdu teachers from
time to time (for teaching Urdu as a subject), teachers for teaching
other subjects in Urdu medium have never been appointed till date
since 1995. Till 1995 when any T.G.T. was appointed, T.G.T. (Urdu
medium) was being written in his appointment letter but after that
(i.e. after 1995) this tradition also was done away with.
According to a survey carried out by Delhi Urdu Movement,
about 800 (Urdu) teachers are needed. According to Movements
secretary Master Farid Ahmad, the Movement has all the neces-
sary records and a complete report has been prepared which will
be presented to the government very soon. According to him, dis-
tribution of regions on the basis of zones has proved harmful. He
says that the report prepared by the Movement also indicates
which Hindi teacher is appointed in place of Urdu teacher, adding
that school managements, because of linguistic bias put pressure
on Urdu children not to read Urdu. He said that according to one of
the rules, every school should have one register in which students
of 6th class will have to write which language they have chosen as
their mother tongue but till date not a single school has implement-
ed this rule, and if they would have implemented this rule, they
would have been answerable for this. Farid Ahmad said that a cam-
paign will soon be started for the implementation of the report /
draft prepared by the Movement. (NA Ansari)
State communalism more
dangerous than terrorism
Faizabad: A seminar on Saajhi Verasat ki Chunautiyan
(Challenges of shared legacy) was held here at Forbes Inter College
grounds on 19 December, the martyrdom day of freedom fighter
Ashfaullah Khan. Subhashini Ali, former MP, Gautam Naulakha,
senior human rights activist; S.R. Darapuri, former D.I.G.;
Muhammad Saleem, Qasim Rasool Ilyas, Mahtab Alam of PUCL,
Lal Bahadur Singh and Muhammad Shoaib Advocate expressed
their views. The seminar was chaired by Sita Ram Varma. People
in large numbers who had come from distant places attended this
seminar. Gautam Naulakha while speaking in this seminar said that
the biggest problem of the day was terrorism which is of two types.
First type of terrorism is that some perverted and misguided peo-
ple explode bombs at some place because of which some people
are killed; but this is one aspect of terrorism but the more danger-
ous type (of terrorism) is communalism of the ruling class which
affects the entire country. If people occupying seats of power and
authority become communal-minded, to whom could com-
plainants turn to? He said that India is a welfare state but instead
of providing facilities and taking care of the welfare of common
people, the entire attention is diverted to the VIPs. A large part of
police force is deployed for the security and attention of VIPs, leav-
ing the common people high and dry. In Delhi there are about
32000 buses for public transport whereas the total number of pas-
sengers is about 75 lakh. One-third of the countrys wealth is in the
hands of hundred families only. Similarly, the question of providing
justice also is a matter of great concern. One Ajmal Qassab was
hanged but there are innumerable Qassabs who are roaming free.
S.R. Darapuri said that we should raise our voice against what-
ever wrong is being done in the name of law. Former MP,
Subhashini Ali said that religious leaders have their own impor-
tance but by presenting them at all places again and again, secu-
larism in India is becoming weak. The presence of religious lead-
ers is seen with religious bias because of which secular values are
weakened. She said that Ram Prasad Bismil was a member of
Hindu Maha Sabha and was a hard core Hindu. He used to keep
choti and did not take meals touched by Muslims but when he
became associated with the noble and patriotic objective of the
countrys freedom, he became such a close friend of Ashfaqullah
that their relationship became even closer than that of real broth-
ers. This can be done today also. If we strive we can bring even
those youngmen on to the right path who some times become
tools in the hands of communal forces and loot shops in riots and
kill persons of any community. Subhashini Ali said that mere sem-
inars will not do. Now we must do something practical, only then
we will be able to fight the communal forces. (Manzar Mehdi
Faizabadi)
RAM PUNIYANI
ram.puniyani@gmail.com
Hidden in the inside pages of
some major dailies, there
was a news item that the
third Samjhauta bomber was
held in MP (16, Dec 2012).
National Investigation
Agency (NIA) arrested
Rajender Choudhary, near
Ujjain in MP. He has been named as one of the
bombers in the supplementary chargesheet sub-
mitted by the agency.
One recalls that the blast in Samjhauta
Express, way back in 2007, resulted in the death
of 68 persons, including 43 Pakistanis. The
investigation showed that there were four brief-
case bomb planters who allegedly acted on the
instructions of the RSS pracharak Sunil Joshi
and activists Sandeep Dange and Ramchandra
Kalsangra. Of these Sunil Joshi was later mur-
dered. Some from this network, who are cooling
their heels behind the bars, are Swami
Aseemanand and company. A series of blasts
like Mecca Masjid, Malegaon, Ajmer etc. were
planned at times when religious gatherings of
Muslims at major festivals and congregational
prayers were large, so that the casualty is high.
The first striking point of this news is the
under-playing of the arrests. If we remember, in
the earlier phase, when for the same incidents of
blasts innocent Muslim youths were arrested,
there were banner headlines in all the news
papers and anchors of TV channels were scream-
ing to the highest pitch. In this projection, the lan-
guage press added all the necessary spices to
highlight the religion of the arrested culprits. This
was followed by the under-reporting of the judg-
ments which found that these Muslim youths
were innocent. As a result, these youth were
acquitted. Such news was again buried in the
inside pages as insignificant news items, if at all.
The pattern of media reporting showed a
clear bias in the nature of repor ting.
Unfortunately, the media pundits have also
ignored this major phenomenon of the pattern of
reporting in the case of communal and terrorist
violence. In the case of communal violence, large
sections of media accepted the version from the
police or the dominant prevalent versions in an
uncritical manner. In the case of terrorist vio-
lence, the media reported events with an under-
lying message that all terrorists are Muslims.
The attitude of police also was on these pat-
terns in both communal and terrorist types of vio-
lence. In terrorist violence, the arrests of Muslim
youths were made with striking regularity, till the
motorcycle of Sadhvi Pragya Singh Thakur, for-
mer ABVP activist, was discovered by Hemant
Karkare. Till that time the earlier chiefs of the ATS
in Maharashtra and other states, where blasts
took place, were playing it cool. In most of these
cases, the involvement of those associated with
the RSS ideology was not given a serious
thought.
In April 2006 a blast took place in Nanded in
the house of RSS activist Rajkondavar. In front of
the house, there was a board of Bajrang Dal and
the saffron flag was fluttering. There was enough
evidence to take the investigations further, which
might have led to arrests long ago of those who
are currently in jails.
Since large sections of police preferred to be
guided by their biases rather than professional-
ism, the investigations remained half way and
blasts kept taking place regularly. To arrest
Hindus for acts of terror was an unthinkable
thought for most investigating officers. To high-
light this was not thought appropriate by the
media too. Both the police and media focused on
the thinkable thought and projected Muslims as
the natural culprits. This thinkable thought was a
product of the US propaganda duly coopted by
our national media. As per this philosophy, All
Muslims are not terrorists but all terrorists are
Muslims.
When Hemant Karkare decided to go ahead
in a professional way, the path was not easy for
him. He soon faced political pressure from some
sections. Bal Thackeray in his paper Saamna
wrote that we spit on the face of Hemant
Karkare, while Narendra Modi said that Hemant
Karkare is Deshdrohi (anti-National).
The death of Hemant Karkare was a big set-
back to the investigation of blast cases. But the
path was paved for thinking on these lines which
were unthinkable earlier. With the confession of
Swami Aseemanand in the presence of a magis-
trate, which he later retracted, the evidence came
forth clearly on which Rajasthan ATS and now
NIA and other police agencies are working to
bring out the truth of these blasts.
While the arrests of Muslim youths was
going on recklessly, some social activists tried, in
vain, to draw the attention of the state and inves-
tigating agencies that innocents were being
arrested. That the real culprits are being over-
looked was the underlying message of these
protests.
These social activists were ignored till the
peoples tribunal Scapegoats and Holy Cows
held in Hyderabad (August 2008) brought for-
ward the truth for public and State attention to
the tragic reality of blasts and the reality about the
culprits who were getting away and the innocents
were being arrested. Needless to say that due to
such arrests, the social life and careers of those
innocent arrested youths were ruined.
Even now lots of questions persist about the
Batla House encounter and the alleged role of
Azamgarh youths in the acts of terror. Some
political leaders have been raising the issue but
the state so far has been very insensitive to the
plight of these Muslim youths and their families
who have been wrongly implicated in these inci-
dents. Now some hope is being rekindled that
these innocents may get justice after all, as on
one hand the professional attitude of NIA is
securing the arrests of the real culprits and hope-
fully will ensure that the guilty are punished by
the courts of law.
At the same time, though painfully late, the
delegation led by Ram Vilas Paswan met the
Prime Minister and submitted a memorandum on
the issue. The Prime minister has promised that
The government will soon constitute a mecha-
nism to stop arresting innocent youth, providing
justice to them and their rehabilitation. Dr. Singh
also assured that he will talk to the Home Minister
in this regard. One does not know how the state
is planning to compensate the innocent youths
who have suffered immensely at the hands of the
insensitive state machinery. Will Government
gather courage to institute an inquiry into the
Batla House encounter and bring forth the truth?
One presumes after the Nanded blast (April
2006), which was an accident in which the Bajrang
Dal activists fabricating the bombs were killed, had
the investigation been taken to its logical conclusion
many a blast might have been prevented and many
an innocent life saved. Thats a conjecture which
sounds a strong possibility in the hindsight. Will this
be a lesson to our concerned authorities to learn
from and a pointer to adopt a more professional atti-
tude in future? (Issues in Secular Politics)
Unbiased approach needed to probe acts of Terror
The pattern of media reporting showed a clear bias in the nature of
reporting. Unfortunately, the media pundits have also ignored this
major phenomenon of the pattern of reporting in the case of communal
and terrorist violence.
6 The Milli Gazette, 16-31 January 2013 NATIONAL www.milligazette.com
Continued from page 1
Shockingly, Bhagwat was not alone holding such a view.
Simultaneously, another prominent RSS cadre, Kailash
Vijayvargiya, a cabinet minister in Madhya Pradesh BJP govern-
ment, opined that rapes were taking place because women were
crossing Laxman Rekha or limits set for them. He even held Sita
responsible for her abduction. Only when Sitaji crossed the
Laxman Rekha she was kidnapped by Ravan If woman cross-
es the LR then Sitaharan [abduction] is bound to take place as
Ravans are out there When people cross their limits, deteriora-
tion is bound to happen. It applies to everyone in society, men or
women.
3
A prominent woman leader of BJP from Chhattisgarh, Vibha
Rao, chairperson of the state women commission, a statutory
body, echoed the same view as expressed by Mohan Bhagwat and
Kailash Vijayvargiya. She said that women were equally responsi-
ble for the sexual offences, committed against them. Women dis-
play their bodies and indulge in various obscene activities. Women
are unaware of the kind of message [their actions] generate.
4
The Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) did not lag behind in sup-
porting the RSS/BJP line. The international advisor of VHP, Ashok
Singhal, held adoption of the western model responsible for
rapes and eve-teasing. He said, This western model is dangerous.
What in fact is happening is that we are aping America Before
coming of westerners we were living a pure life and maintained
chastity which has been corrupted.
5
As this was not enough, a self-acclaimed god-man, Asaram
Bapu, who is very close to the BJP/RSS establishment in Gujarat,
went on to blame the gang-rape victim for the horrible incident
three weeks after the spine-chilling gang-rape and 10 days after the
brave victims death. He crossed all limits when he said, Mistake
is not committed from one side She [the victim] should have
taken Gods name and could have held the hand of one of the men
and said I consider you as my brother and should have said to the
other two brother, I am helpless, you are my brother, my religious
brother
6
The sermon of this Hindutva saint continued, The accused
were drunk. If the girl had chanted hymns to Goddess Saraswati,
then she would not have entered the bus
7
As if arguing that the
victim virtually invited the rape, he further said, Can one clap with
one hand? I do not think so.
8
The above mentioned degenerated views by the followers of
Hindutva are not the outcome of some kind of rushed or non-com-
monsensical understanding of the issue. The reality is that this truly
reflects their understanding of the gender issue or the status of
women in the Indian society, especially the Hindu society. The den-
igration of women is an essential ingredient of Hindutvas world-
view of society. It believes that Manusmriti (Codes of Manu) is the
Hindu law
9
. Hence, it is important to know how women are treat-
ed in Manusmriti.
Codes of Manu concerning women
10
1. Day and night, woman must be kept in dependence by the males
(of) their (families), and, if they attach themselves to sensual
enjoyments, they must be kept under ones control.
2. Her father protects (her) in childhood, her husband protects (her)
in youth, and her sons protect (her) in old age; a woman is never
fit for independence.
3. Women must particularly be guarded against evil inclinations,
however trifling (they may appear); for, if they are not guarded,
they will bring sorrow on two families.
4. Considering that the highest duty of all castes, even weak hus-
bands (must) strive to guard their wives.
5. No man can completely guard women by force; but they can be
guarded by the employment of the (following) expedients:
6. Let the (husband) employ his (wife) in the collection and expendi-
ture of his wealth, in keeping (everything) clean, in (the fulfillment
of) religious duties, in the preparation of his food, and in looking
after the household utensils.
7. Women, confined in the house under trustworthy and obedient
servants, are not (well-) guarded; but those who of their own
accord keep guard over themselves, are well-guarded.
8. Women do not care for beauty, nor is their attention fixed on age;
(thinking) (It is enough that) he is a man, they give themselves
to the handsome and to the ugly.
9. Through their passion for men, through their mutable temper,
through their natural heartlessness, they become disloyal towards
their husbands, however carefully they may be guarded in this
(world).
10. (When creating them) Manu allotted to women (a love of their)
bed, (of their) seat and (of) ornament, impure desires, wrath, dis-
honesty, malice, and bad conduct.
11. For women no (sacramental) rite (is performed) with sacred texts,
thus the law is settled; women (who are) destitute of strength and
destitute of (the knowledge of) Vedic texts (are as impure as) false-
hood (itself), that is a fixed rule.
The fact should not be overlooked that rape is not simply a physi-
cal act. It symbolizes male hegemony over the body of the female.
It is added and abetted by the Hindutvas structural belief that
women are inferior, backward and an object or commodity for con-
sumption. The RSS book-shops sell many titles of Gita Press,
Gorakhpur, which provide the ideological basis to denigration of
women and glorify a subservient wife as the ideal Hindu woman.
One of the titles, which is in a question-answer format, provides the
following answer to the question whether wife-beating is permissi-
ble:
The wife should think that she is paying her debt of her previ-
ous life and thus her sins are being destroyed and she is becom-
ing pure. When her parents come to know this, they can take her
to their own house because they have not given their daughter to
face this sort of bad behaviour.
11
And if her parents do not take her to their house, the answer is:
Under such circumstancesshe should reap the fruit of her
past actions. She should patiently bear the beatings of her husband
with patience. By bearing them she will be free from her sins and it
is possible that her husband may start loving her.
12
And there is the following holy advice for a rape victim:
As far as possible, it is better for woman [rape victim] to keep
mum. If her husband also comes to know of it, he too should keep
mum. It is profitable for both of them to keep quiet.
13
To the question whether women can demand equal rights, the
answer is very unambiguous:
No, it is not proper. In fact, a woman has not the right of equal-
ity with man In fact, it is ignorance or folly which impels a
woman to have the desire for the right of equality with man. A wise
person is he/she who is satisfied with less rights and more
duties.
14
Compare the above advice with the following words of Mohan
Bhagwat which he uttered while addressing a recent RSS function
at Indore (M.P.). He said that woman was bound by a contract to
look after her husband. Till the time wife follows the contract, the
husband stays with her, if the wife violates the contract, he can dis-
own her.
15
In view of the despicable attitude of the Hindutva camp towards
the gang-rape in Delhi, it may not be out of place to know what
Manusmriti expects from a ruler in case of a Brahmin who has
committed all possible crimes. According to sloka 380 of Chapter
VIII, Let him never slay a Brahmana, though he have committed all
(possible) crimes; let him banish such an (offender), leaving all his
property (to him) and (his body) unhurt.
16
So it is not difficult to know who are the people who can never
be tried or punished for rapes.
The claims of Mohan Bhagwat and VHP that rural India is with-
out the menace of rapes needs to be compared with the statement
of RK Raghavan, a much decorated cop and a former chief of the
Central Bureau of Investigation that A majority of rapes occurring
in villages are suppressed by local bigwigs who run their parallel
criminal justice system Our caste system and the role of money
in the rural setting are principal contributors to this state of
affairs.
17
Bhagwat pretends to be unaware that (as per the Indian
Express report dated 7 Janury 2013) tribal girls between the ages
of 8 and 12 were repeatedly raped by the caretakers of the govern-
ment-run tribal hostel at Kanker, Chhattisgarh, a state which is run
by a BJP government.
Abduction of Sita and disrobing of Draupadi, two prominent
incidents of women persecution, did not occur in modern times or
in urban centres. If it was happening with the women of ruling clans
what miserable status would have been of the common women,
especially the Shudra women, is not difficult to imagine. The only
regret is that in those times of ancient India there were no god-men
like Asaram Bapu who could advice Sita or Draupadi to come out
of their ordeal by chanting hymns to Goddess Saraswati.
Footnotes
1 See National Crime Record Bureau data.
2 The Indian Express, Delhi, 5 January 2013, pp.1-2.
3 The Hindu, Delhi, 5 January 2013, p. 12.
4 Ibid.
5 Jansatta, Delhi, 6 January 2013, p. 1,8.
6 Mail Today, Delhi, 8 January 2013, p. 4.
7 Ibid.
8 Ibid.
9 V. D. Savarkar and RSS both have been demanding that Indian
Constitution should be replaced by Codes of Manu.
10 This selection of Manus Codes is from F. Max Muller, Laws of Manu,
first published in 1886.
11 Ramsukhdass, Swami, How to Lead a Household Life, Gita Press,
Gorakhpur, 2001, p. 43.
12 Ibid.
13 Ramsukhdass, Swami, Grahast Maen Kaise Rahain, Gita Press,
Gorakhpur, 2004, p. 88
14 Ramsukhdass, Swami, How to Lead a Household Life, p. 48.
15 The Indian Express, Delhi, 7 January 2013, p. 4.
16 The Laws of Manu, c. 1500 BCE Translated by G. Buhler. http://hin-
duism.about.com/library/weekly/extra/bl-lawsofmanu1.htm
17 R. K. Raghavan, Rose Garden Predators, Outlook, New Delhi, August
3, 2009, p. 42.
New Delhi: The Central Working Committee (Majlis-e Amla) of
the All India Muslim Majlis-e Mushawarat (AIMMM), the
umbrella body of Indian Muslim organisations, met on
27 December 2012. The meeting was chaired by the AIMMM
National President Dr Zafarul-Islam Khan and attended by
Janab Syed Shahabuddin, Janab Nusrat Ali, Janab
Muhammad Ahmad, Dr Jawed Ahmad, Janab Amanullah
Khan, Janab Shahid Sharif Shaikh, Janab Abdul Khaliq, Janab
SMY Nadeem and Janab Abdul Qayyum Khan.
The meeting offered condolences to the millat and families of promi-
nent leaders of the community who passed away recently and
prayed for their souls, especially: Dr. ABDUL HAQ ANSARI, former
Ameer of Jamat Islami-e Hind; JAVED HABIB, milli leader, former
President of AMU Students Union and founder of Babri Masjid
Action Committee; MARYAM JAMILA, a great intellectual; Prof. K. A.
JALEEL, former Vice Chancellor of Calicut University; MUHAMMAD
AMIN, a former VC of Jamia Hamdard and others (for a list of these
personalities, please visit www.mushawarat.com). The meeting
also prayed for the souls of AKHILESH MITHAL, a noted historian,
and former Prime Minister INDER KUMAR GUJRAL. The meeting
discussed a gamut of milli, national and international issues affect-
ing the Muslim community and passed the following resolutions:
Terror in the name of fighting terror: The AIMMM condemns with
full force at its command the ongoing war on the Muslim commu-
nity in the name of fighting terror. The AIMMM holds the central
and state governments directly responsible for faking this war of ter-
ror in which innocent Muslim youths are implicated by manufactur-
ing evidences and forcing detainees to make false confessions
extracted through the use of third degree torture which is illegal
under the international covenant signed by our government. The
wholesale acquittal of Muslim youths after spending long years in
jails is a proof of this fake campaign masterminded by communal
elements in the IB, Home Ministry and Police who should be purged
if India is to remain a secular democracy. The Central and state gov-
ernments should pay a proper compensation to the acquitted ter-
ror victims commensurate with their lost years and destroyed
careers and these should be deducted from the salaries and PF
accounts of the officers who falsely implicated them. Such officers
should also be suitably punished and dismissed from service for
committing these crimes against innocent youths destroying their
lives and careers and in the process defaming a whole community.
UAPA amendment: The AIMMM condemns the new amendments
appended to the new avatar of UAPA which raised the ban period of
a banned organization from two to five years and treats economic
offences as terrorism. This will open this terrorist law to further
misuse by the inept and communalised police and intelligence
agencies. The UPA was voted to power on its promise to repeal the
much-misused POTA, but very soon after election it fortified the old
UAPA as a Super POTA and has since continued fortifying it with
one amendment after another in order to further strengthen this ter-
rorist law which is being used to continue the war on the Muslim
community which was started by the previous BJP-led NDA regime.
AIMMM demands the repeal of this terrorist law and affirms its
belief that existing laws are enough to deal with the scourge of ter-
rorism provided they are fairly and judiciously applied to all
accused.
U.P. Govt. and terror cases: The Samajwadi govt. in Uttar Pradesh
had been elected to power on a promise to release Muslim youths
in U.P. jails on fake terror charges. Once in power, it first indicated
that it will wait for the report of the Nimesh Commission appointed
by the previous Mayawati government to probe into the Khalid and
Tariq arrests. The Nimesh Commission report has been submitted
two months ago and reports leaked to the media about its contents
suggest that they are innocent and everything about their arrest was
fabricated but the U.P. govt. is stalling the issue and has unneces-
sarily sought the opinion of district collectors and deputy commis-
sioners. AIMMM demands U.P. govt. to redeem its electoral prom-
ise, respect the Nimesh Judicial Commission and release Khalid
and Tariq forthwith. It should also release many other Muslim
youths in U.P. jails on fake and manufactured charges.
Minority schemes: AIMMM registers its displeasure at the lethargic
pace and limited scope of govt schemes announced in the wake of
the Sachar Report which by and large are now reduced to schol-
arships and even 60% of the scholarships budget was returned
unutilised last year due to the callousness and inefficiency of the
Union Ministry of Minority Affairs. AIMMM hopes that under the new
Minority minister, a more vigorous effort will be made to uplift the
Muslim community in a variety of ways and that the schemes for
the so-called Muslim-dominated districts will be implemented in
Muslim areas of those districts in order to honour the spirit and pur-
pose of these schemes.
Reservation: The AIMMM reminds the Union government that
action over Misra Commission Report is long overdue. Likewise,
the central govt. is sitting on its overdue reply to the Supreme Court
about the inclusion of the Muslim and Christian Dalits in the SC/ST
reservation list. Exclusion of Muslim and Christian Dalits from the
SC/ST quota since 1950 is a fraud on the Constitution of India,
which should come to an end at the earliest.
Crimes against women: The AIMMM registers its full sympathy
with the hapless female victims of violence and rape crimes, espe-
cially the young lady brutalised by beasts on a moving Delhi bus in
the night of 16 December which has rightly agitated a large section
of Indians. All such crimes against women and weaker sections,
especially minorities, Dalits and Adivasis are highly condemnable
and show the whole country in extremely bad light. It is time peo-
ple, police, judiciary and government agencies stood up to dis-
charge their duties to protect the weak and vulnerable sections of
society. The AIMMM urges the government to introduce deterrent
punishments for such brutal crimes. It should also hasten with the
overdue Police reforms to liberate the police force from the British
Raj rules and make it capable and accountable to protect all citizens,
human rights and honour of ordinary people.
FDI: The AIMMM rejects and condemns the central govts impa-
tience to open the Indian markets to foreign companies and capital
which will very negatively impact our national economy and will sti-
fle our growth. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the retail sector
will be a catastrophe as it will adversely affect lakhs of households
whose shops and small businesses will be forced to close. We
believe that our country has ample human and financial resources
to achieve the required rate of economic growth. We should
unshackle our local markets and offer incentives to local industry
and businesses under a stable legal regime in order to instill confi-
dence and enable them to outperform others.
Meat industry: AIMMM takes note of the difficulties faced by peo-
ple involved in the meat industry across the country. Abattoirs are
being closed down, trucks transporting cattle are hijacked by saf-
fron goons with police support, hurdles are placed in the face of
opening of new abattoirs and meat shops. These activities harm a
certain section of the Muslim community which is traditionally
engaged in the meat trade. AIMMM looks at these hurdles as a sub-
tle economic war against a section of the community and calls upon
the central and state governments to wake up and stop these illegal
activities by saffron goons, Police and some communal elements in
the government.
Karnataka cow protection bill: The AIMMM opposes the new cow
protection bill passed by the BJP-dominated Karnataka Assembly
which is highly objectionable as it enlarges the definition of the
cow family in an unprecedented way and enhances punishments
in an unnatural fashion. AIMMM appeals to Honble Governor of
Karnataka and Honble President of India to reject this bill which is
clearly against the interests of minorities and all others whose
source of protein is meat of cattle other than cows.
Gujarat Muslims: AIMMM salutes Gujarati Muslims who have
shown their maturity and resourcefulness by improving their lot with
self-help despite the criminal neglect by the Modi government.
AIMMM also notes with satisfaction the Gujarati Muslim resilience
and wisdom in denying Modi the landslide victory he was dreaming
to achieve in the recent elections by showing vacuous gestures to
the Muslim community and by launching a fake Sadbhavna march.
AIMMM reiterates that Modi will remain an untouchable for secular
forces and the Muslim community within and outside Gujarat as
long as he does not apologise and makes good the losses of
Muslim victims as a result of his administrations omission and
commission during the 2002 pogroms.
Waqfs: The AIMMM urges the government to hurry the Waqf bill
through Parliament taking into account the suggestions made by
Muslim organisations. It is high time to safeguard and redeem waqf
properties and to unshackle them from the archaic rent control so
that these may attract market rates. Many Muslim problems will be
solved if waqfs are put to good and sensible use according to the
intentions of the people who established those waqfs.
Managed peace in J&K: The year 2012 is being touted as a year
of peace because 12.5 lakh tourists and 6.5 lakh Amarnath yatris
visited the state during this year. But the fact is that this peace is
managed by state oppression. Thousands of youths are in jails on
frivolous charges. Every now and then undeclared curfew is
clamped on various areas. On several Fridays this year, prayers
were not allowed in the Jama Masjid of Srinagar. Muharram proces-
sions were also not allowed this year. Separatist leaders like Mir
Waiz Umar Farooq, Yasin Malik and Shabbir Shah etc were frequent-
ly arrested during this year. Another separatist leader, Syed Ali Shah
Geelani, remains under perpetual house arrest and has not been
allowed to offer Friday prayers during the last three years. In spite of
the assurances of Chief Minister Umar Abdullah, AFSPA remains in
force. A total of 150 persons are in jails under the draconian Public
Safety Act and 840 political prisoners remain incarcerated. AIMMM
calls upon the Union government to take a bold step to talk to the
separatists. A remarkable gesture will be to lift AFPSA which has no
relevance now in view of the official statements that only a few hun-
dred militants remain in J&K.
Amarnath Trust: AIMMM shares the uneasiness of the Kashmiri
brothers over the increasing activities and infrastructure building by
J&Ks Amarnath Trust. A new fait accompli is being attempted at the
expense of the areas environment and peoples sentiments. The
ever-growing number of pilgrims to Amarnath, from a few thousand
in pre-1990 days to around six lakh this year, is disastrous to the
areas fragile ecology as well as it sends a political message to the
Valleys Muslim majority. The state government should stop any
measures to build permanent infrastructure on the Amarnath route
and should limit the visitors to what the areas ecology permits.
Moreover, Kashmiri Pandits should be appointed on the Amarnath
Trust and no land should be allotted to it as it will lead to permanent
infrastructure
Illegal shrines at Muslim monuments: The
recent attempt to build a full-fledged temple on
the north-eastern corner of Charminar in
Hyderabad under the title Bhagyalakshmi
Temple should awaken the whole community
and make it conscious of a common practice
throughout the country from Ayodhya to Delhi,
Hyderabad and Baba Budhan in Karnataka of
building a Hindu Shrine adjacent to a Muslim
heritage site or shrine, then slowly expand it
and finally take the site over. In Hyderabad, it
all began with a corner mile-stone placed to
save the monument from traffic damage. Later
it received vermillion marks, then a small idol
was placed there and a platform was quietly
built as a regular mandir. The Muslim commu-
nity in every village and town must, therefore,
keep an eye on the placement of an idol, pic-
ture or even a piece of stone near a Masjid or
in a Qabristan or a shrine or monument, fol-
lowed by Hindu rituals and puja. In some places when it was
brought to the notice of the authorities, the matter was looked into
with the help of old maps and land records, the mischief was nipped
in the bud and the revenue or the municipal officer performed his
duty to remove the accretion forthwith. In MP, the then Chief Minister
Shri Arjun Singh himself once protected the Tajul Masajid in Bhopal
in this manner. Near Delhi in Sikandarpur, a young district magis-
trate after summary inspection removed the idol from the Qabristan
with his own hands. But in many villages and towns, Hindu shrines
are springing up by the road-side or under a tree, even in Delhi.
These are ignored by the municipal authorities and the police. It is,
therefore, suggested that in all villages and mohallas the communi-
ty should keep an eye on such developments on graveyards or near
masjids or heritage sites and immediately file a complaint with the
authorities and make a move for its removal. This practice is very
common even in protected places which are in the care of the
Archaeological Survey of India. The law does not permit any con-
struction within 100 meters of any protected monument but even in
Delhi there are many cases of Hindu shrines being built next to the
walls of a masjid or monument. Today temples occupy the outer
walls of Purana Quila and Qutb Minar. Earlier a Sikh temple had been
built next to the Puran Qila. AIMMM appeals to the Muslims to wake
up to the situation and press local authorities and the waqf commit-
tee to take necessary action immediately.
Muslim political parties: The AIMMM welcomes the emergence of
new political parties with Muslim initiative. Muslim masses should
prefer winnable, reliable and trustworthy candidates of such parties
so that the community has a free and independent voice in the state
and central legislatures to raise its issues.
Babri Masjid: AIMMM rejects the current hush-hush efforts to find
out an of court solution for the Babri issue. AIMMM reiterates that
with the unjust demolition, long litigation and the current appeals
pending with the Supreme Court, the matter is now beyond such
efforts and only a final Supreme Court verdict will be acceptable to
the Muslim community.
Hizbut Tahrir: AIMMM notes with dismay that efforts are being
made these days to export Hizbut Tahrir to the Subcontinent. It is a
secretive, dubious and destructive neo-Kharijite society banned in
all Arab countries but is allowed to openly flourish in Britain. Muslim
masses in the area should be alert to this menace which will only
further divide the community and add to confusion and chaos.
Rohingyas: AIMMM condemns the Burmese authorities continued
persecution of the Rohingya Muslim community in Burma which is
deprived of its natural rights as citizens of Burma and forced to live
as refugees in its own country or to flee to neighbouring countries
like Bangladesh, Malaysia, Thailand and India. Such behaviour is a
source of utter shame in the twenty first century. Burma authorities
should rethink their erroneous and racist policies, should allow
Rohingyas to return to their villages and hamlets and should repa-
triate those who have fled outside Burma due to persecution.
AIMMM urges the Indian government to put pressure on Burma
govt. to start behaving in a civilised manner and honour the civil,
political and human rights of the Rohingyas.
Egypt: The AIMMM congratulates the Egyptian people for coura-
geously passing a new democratic constitution despite the efforts
of the pro-Israel and pro-west vocal minority which does not wish
to see a stable and democratic government in Egypt. The AIMMM
lauds the efforts of President Mursi to wisely deal with the chal-
lenges posed by western stooges and remnants of Mubarak regime.
Syria: The AIMMM is pained by the continued war waged by the
sectarian Baathist dictatorship in Syria against its own people, caus-
ing unprecedented casualties in life and properties never seen
before in any similar situation. It is time for the Assad regime to go
and allow genuine Syrian patriotic forces to take over in order to
spare Syria the wages of an American-led western intervention
which will further complicate the problems and result in further
destruction of Syria.
Palestine: The AIMMM forcefully condemns the Israeli war against
Gaza last November which ended rather abruptly due to the brave
resistance of the people and the support of neighbouring countries
especially Egypt and Iran. Israel has to learn to live like a normal
country of the area foregoing its imperialist and expansionist
designs. It will be cast in the dustbin of history like the South African
apartheid regime if it fails to learn lessons of history. Israel has to
respect the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people in their home-
land including the right of the Palestinians to have their own sover-
eign and viable state and the right of the Palestinian refugees to
return to their homes and lands, and restore Jerusalem to its right-
ful owners. Without such real measures there will be no place for
Israel in the Middle East.
Mushawarat Working Committee resolutions
NATIONAL The Milli Gazette, 16-31 January 2013 7 www.milligazette.com
ASGHAR ALI ENGINEER
Like other years in the post-Gujarat era, this year too witnessed
several riots and riot-free India remained just a dream. India is too
vast and complex a nation and one cannot expect uniform develop-
ment all over the country. North, Central and Western India is far
too sensitive to communal politics. South, it must be said, is less
prone to communal violence though Andhra Pradesh and
Karnataka are more communally sensitive than Kerala and Tamil
Nadu.
This year, as we will see, Assam witnessed a major commu-
nal violence between Bodos and Bengali-speaking Muslims in
Kokrajhar and other districts in BTAD. After Gujarat 2002, it was
indeed a major outburst of communal violence. Assam has certain-
ly developed communally sensitive politics since AASU movement
and Nelli massacre of 1983. U.P. too witnessed six major riots after
Akhilesh Yadav, son of Samajvadi Party leader Mulayam Singh
Yadav took over after the elections in U.P. in May 2012.
Only Bihar remained almost riot-free thanks to a new pattern of
politics introduced by Lalu Prasad Yadav and continued by Nitish
Kumar. Both need to be congratulated for making Bihar almost riot-
free for a period of 20 long years. It is no mean achievement. They
have carefully balanced caste and communal forces. One wishes
Congress could learn a lesson from Bihar as Congress govern-
ments have never given us riot-free governance in the entire post-
independence period. And, of course, BJP is the main culprit in pro-
moting communal politics in our country.
Maharashtra, which was governed throughout by the
Congress, except 1995-2000 period when it was ruled by Shiv
Sena-BJP Government, has always been communally a very sen-
sitive state. This year too (i.e., 2012), the first reported riot took
place in Maharashtras Pachora areas on 22 March though it was
a minor one. Police reportedly displayed their usual bias and arrest-
ed mostly Muslim youth. The violence started with a dispute
between two fish traders, a Hindu and a Muslim, and quite a few
Muslim properties were burnt down in the ensuing violence.
Some disturbances occurred in Gaya (Bihar) when there was
an incident of stoning on Ramnavmi procession on 2 April 2012,
but these were immediately controlled by the district administration
by lathi-charging the crowd and firing in the air. Not much damage
was done. This again shows that if the administration is alert and
state government has given proper instructions, a riot can be eas-
ily controlled or prevented.
Sangareddy district of A. P. came under the spell of commu-
nal violence on 29 March. Some Muslims were demonstrating out-
side the police station against the desecration of an image of Kaba.
Police did not pay much attention to the Muslim demand and
instead asked them to disperse. Hearing about the Muslim protest,
it is alleged that members of the RSS gathered and started attack-
ing Muslims, looting their shops etc. The police, it is alleged,
remained mute spectators and took no action against the culprits.
They neither protected Muslims and their properties nor did they
allow Muslims to protect themselves. The properties so damaged
are estimated to be worth two cores.
It is also alleged that earlier a Muslim candidate was defeated
by using communal and Reddy card in Mahboobnagar and same is
being used for Sangareddy also. With still more damages, the total
loss came to 3.2 crores. The oldest and biggest hotel of
Sangareddy is Grand Hotel, pan shop and bakery. The owner
Ishtiaqur Rehman, told the investigators that their establishment
was looted while police officers watched it quietly. The police even
beat up his brother and broke his leg. Mr. Rehman clearly men-
tioned the names of those who looted his hotel, the people
belonged to the BJP and yet no action was taken.
Hyderabad, in A.P. witnessed rioting during 8-12 April.
Needless to say Hyderabad Charminar area is extremely sensitive
and witnesses communal violence regularly. Both Majlis Ittihadul
Muslimin and BJP compete with each other for Muslim and Hindu
votes and the politics of both is communally oriented.
It all began with the priest of a temple noticing green colour
sprayed on the wall of the temple and leg pieces of cow placed on
the grill. The priest informed the local BJP corporator at about 7 am
and by 7.30 am a crowd of locals gathered; it swelled to 200 by
the time police arrived with its dog squad. The agitated crowd start-
ed pelting stones at Muslim shops and houses in the area. Inmates
had already left fearing for their lives. Violence continued and
spread to other areas as well. Two motor-cycles were burnt and
several buses were damaged.
There was a lot of tension in the Charminar area and it became
a national news. Also, even as the situation in Saidabad-
Kurmaguda-Madannapet areas was brought under control on
8 April, reports started coming of the desecration of six more
places of worship in different areas of Hyderabad - four Masjids
and two temples between 9 and 12 April, pointing to a clear and
obvious conspiracy to foment communal violence by instigating
religious sentiments of both Hindus and Muslims.
What was heartening was that religious leaders and elders of
both communities condemned such misuse of religion and a time-
ly police action prevented major disaster waiting to happen. The
fact that general elections and AP Assembly elections are going to
take place just two years hence (2014) also played its own part.
The Muslim grievance is that the police had arrested more than 14
Muslim youths and only four Hindus while showing 28 Hindu
youths as absconding. The police maintained that investigations
are going on and these figures are not final. But certainly it shows
the trend.
The next major riot took place in Kosi Kalan in Mathura district
of U.P. This happened immediately after the victory of Mulayam
Singh Yadavs party in U.P. Everybody was surprised that though
the SP had won with overwhelming Muslim support, communal
violence started no sooner than the chief minister was sworn.
Muslims thought they will be more secure and better protected
under SP rule but something quite opposite was happening.
Everyone was greatly shocked by a major riot right at the
beginning of SP rule. Some thought that it was some kind of con-
spiracy either by those who were not given tickets or by those who
lost power. Anyway, it was a major riot and no explanation is forth-
coming as to who was involved. Minister Azam Khan visited the
place and apologized for what happened and assured that those
involved will be punished.
The riot started with a petty incident. It was Friday and a drum
filled with cold drinking water was kept outside the door of the
Jama Masjid. A Hindu came and put his hand in the drum and took
water from it. It was on 2nd June just before Friday prayer. A
Muslim from the mosque objected and an argument started and
soon others got involved and rioting began in all its fury. Four per-
sons died in this rioting. Of them one was Hindu and one Muslim
and two unidentified charred bodies were recovered.
The fury of rioting was such that Additional Director General of
Police Shri Yadav observed that, We have seen some riots, but I
am seeing a whole locality rioting for the first time. This is why we
think that someone was instigating them. We cannot rule out that
this communal tension was created keeping in view the local body
elections. Whether it was due to local body elections or some
wider conspiracy, the very beginning of the SP regime was marked
by communal violence. Muslims were certainly disillusioned.
Among most sensitive cities in Gujarat is Baroda (Vadodra).
Even a minor incident can cause major rioting in the city. On
11 June, a minor incident of road accident brought the two com-
munities face to face and they started pelting stones and other mis-
siles at each other. The police rushed to the site, lobbed teargas
shells and resorted to lathi charge. Six policemen were injured and
more than 15 civilians were also injured. Several vehicles were set
afire.
On 14 June, Damnagar in Amreli, Saurashtra district witnessed
communal violence over a piece of disputed piece of land on which
a temple was being built and Muslims claimed that the land belong-
ing to a cemetery (qabristan). They came face to face and fought
each other. The two groups were armed with sticks, pipes and
swords. Two rounds of private firing were also reported. Ten per-
sons were injured, four of whom were injured seriously and four
shops were gutted.
On 24 June, Pratapgarh, U.P. witnessed the fury of communal
violence between Dalits and Muslims. A Dalit girl was gang-raped
though it was not clear by whom. This incident came too close
after the Kosi incident of early June. The Dalits of Pratabgarh col-
lected near the Muslim locality and set fire to their houses. These
Muslims are mostly weavers (Ansaris) and many men from this
community work in Bhiwandi. Many women and children would
have died but for the fact that it was marriage season and many
men had come from Bhivandi to attend marriages and they man-
aged to save the elderly men and women. These men complained
that the police just looked on and took no action against the rioters.
The Circle Officer V.S. Rana was suspended for his partial role.
On 29 June, Buldana in Maharashtra came under the volley of
communal violence when some dispute in Sakher Kheda village
behind the Dargah of Hazrat Dawoodshah Baba resulted in an
attack on two Muslims of whom one died and the other was
severely wounded. The person who died - Sheikh Taj - had object-
ed to a stone being put in the small drain opposite the Dargah. He
was attacked by a crowd with sharp weapons and was killed. Near
the Dargah, there is a Hindu cemetery and often tension builds up
and communal hatred is spread using this fact. Buldana is a sensi-
tive district in Maharashtra. It is ridiculous that communal violence
can break out on such petty issues. It shows how communal prop-
aganda is doing damage to inter-community relations.
Next was the turn of Sahibabad in Ghaziabad district of U.P. On
8 July, a small incident of two motorcycles clashing with each
other and some argument taking place between the Hindu and
Muslim riders developed int a serious communal clash in which
one person was killed and several others injured. Hindus belonged
to the Tyagi community who entered a Muslim locality and began
attacking Muslim shops and houses. In this melee someone fired
and one Tyagi boy was injured and died while being taken to Delhi
for treatment. This further invited wrath of Tyagis and they took full
liberty to attack and burn Muslim properties. Property worth crores
was destroyed. If police had taken prompt action after the initial
events, things would not have taken such a serious turn.
On 13 July, members of a Tablighi jamaat from Delhi were vis-
iting Sitapur in U.P. and were passing through the lanes and bye-
lanes of Sitapur when the son of a Samajwadi party worker hap-
pened to pass that way riding his motorcycle. Forced to wait
because of the passing crowd, he began abusing the imam who
was leading the Tablighi people. The crowd became violent and set
fire to the house of Chandrakumar Singh, the S.P. activist. It is
claimed that the crowd set fire to some 13 motorcycles also. The
S.P. activist alleged that the violent crowd took away seven lakh
cash besides jewellery, TV set etc. Many Muslims were named in
the complaint.
In July itself, Assam witnessed a major clash between Bodos
and Muslims of Bengali origin. It began around 19 July though skir-
mishes between them were going on for some time. I have already
written in detail about it when the violence began explaining its
causes etc. Suffice to say here that it was one of the most major
riots in post-Gujarat riots of 2002. The difference is that in Gujarat
about 2000 people were killed and Modi-led BJP Government was
actively involved in committing the massacre but in Assam about
100 people were killed in which Assam Government was not
directly involved but was responsible by way of slow action.
Another significant difference was by way of number of
refugees. In Gujarat the loss of lives was much higher but the num-
ber of refugees was not as high as in Assam. It is estimated that in
all there were four and half lakh refugees, both Bodos and Muslims,
but Muslims far outnumbered the Bodos. It was indeed a massive
problem. Also they remained in some make-shift refugee camps in
very pitiable conditions for more than three months. These
refugees lost everything except cloth on their bodies.
The Assam communal violence made Indian Muslims once
again feel very insecure like the Gujarat riots and in Mumbai during
the month of Ramadan they took out a huge procession consisting
of some 45 thousand people which resulted in violence on the
streets of South Mumbai. Once again, the atmosphere was charged
with communal tension. I have already written on them in Secular
Perspectives.
On 24 July, Bareilli in U.P. witnessed another communal riot in
which one person was killed thanks to Kawanrias (Shivbhagtas
carrying Gangajal to Shiv Temple) when they insisted on passing
through a Muslim locality of Bareilli. It is a sensitive city and a cen-
tre of Barelvi Muslims. The mausoleum of Hazrat Ahmad Raza
Khan, the founder of the Muslim Barelvi School is situated here.
The city had witnessed communal riots a few years ago which per-
sisted for several days on the occasion of the Prophets birthday.
Though no one was killed, more than 20 persons were injured.
The next big riot took place again in U.P. in Bijnor on
22 September. The provocation came from a panchayat which
assembled at Basta in Chandpur area of Bijnor district. Bars were
completely closed after the communal violence broke out. Police
controlled the situation swiftly. Three persons were arrested for
provocation from amongst the panchayat members. It is said that
a few days before the communal clashes broke out some Muslim
youth had beaten up the son of Chandpur block Pramukh Surendra
Kaur. She was the former head of the panchayat. A panchayat was
held in Basta where provocative speeches were made and then
communal violence followed.
Next was Ghaziabad which again witnessed a communal vio-
lence in which seven Muslim youths were killed by police fire on
15 September. The disturbances took place because some torn
pages of the Quran were found scattered near the railway track at
Masuri in the district. The protesting Muslim mob went to the police
station where, it is alleged, it indulged in breaking furniture and set-
ting it on fire. The police resorted to firing in which seven persons
were killed.
The Quranic pages were found scattered near the railway
line. Moreover, some objectionable lines were written on those
pages along with a mobile number. When someone rang up that
number the person on the other side started abusing and using vul-
gar language. When the mob went to the police station demanding
action, police did not act promptly and violence followed. The U.P.
state government adopted a tough attitude towards the miscreants
while also announcing an ex gratia of Rs. 5 lakh for each of the
dead. Action is being taken against the guilty police officers also,
especially those who directly fired at Muslim youths and killed
them.
There was a minor communal riot in Raver and Jalgaon in
Maharashtra on the occasion of the Ganesh festival when Hindus
insisted on taking the Ganesh procession through a Muslim locali-
ty despite Muslim objection. The police did not allow the proces-
sion to be taken out from there. Four houses were set on fire. Police
arrested 39 persons from one community and 41 from the other
and thus controlled the situation.
Akot in Maharashtra witnessed riots on 23 October when
someone (allegedly Muslims) attacked the Durga procession. Four
persons were killed and over 17 houses and 16 shops were gutted
and 10 vehicles were burnt. Burnt Muslims localities were very
badly affected as various miscreants entered these localities, burnt
houses and attacked people. A house caught fire by electrical mal-
functioning according to the police and rumour spread that the
house was burnt. The police intervened allowing the Durga proces-
sion to continue and idols were immersed. However, disturbances
started again on 25 October and Muslims suffered most. Many of
them lost the roofs over their heads.
Next was the turn of Faizabad where communal violence broke
out on 25 October. It was alleged that someone had broken the arm
of a Durga idol. Obviously, it was a deliberate conspiracy to start
communal violence there. Faizabad has a special place due to
Ayodhya being very close. In fact, Ayodhya and Faizabad are twin
cities. Faizabad was on fire but police deliberately came late. Even
fire brigade was reported to have delayed its arrival causing much
more damage.
Bhadrasa, 18 kms from Faizabad, too experienced communal
disturbances. Eyewitnesses said even security forces became part
of the mob. Police role was very partial here and this happened
while the SP is ruling U.P. The Indian Express of 10 November gave
details of a video footage showing the police in very bad and con-
demnable role. It was openly partisan. Radauli, otherwise a peace-
ful place near Faizabad, also came under the spell of communal
violence. But in Radauli, 10 policemen stood in the rioters way.
Thus there are still some policemen who are true to their salt.
From the above account it would be clear that, as usual, most
of the riots started on petty and sometimes personal quarrels and
soon assumed a communal shape. This is the effect of constant
communal propaganda. Secondly, with few honourable exceptions,
the role of police is very partisan and often they become part of the
mob and even indulge in looting and arson. It fails to take proper
preventive measures and does not control violence once riots break
out.
U.P. was very badly affected. Nine major riots took place with-
in eight months after the Samajwadi Party came to power. Muslims
were badly shaken that they voted for SP and its government hard-
ly took any effective measures to control communal violence and
made Muslims feel much more insecure. Mulayam Singh is strong
on rhetoric and very weak on delivery.
Communal Riots 2012
8 The Milli Gazette, 16-31 January 2013 NATIONAL www.milligazette.com
KAMALUDDIN AHMED
Retired Lt. General S. K. Sinha is a familiar name in Assam. During
a period of social tension in Assam history he was the Governor of
the state for over six years (1-1-1997 to 4-6-2003) enjoying a sec-
ond term for about two years.
This expert generals endeavour to intensify the prevalent
social tension of the state by attempting to turn himself into a
demographer has not yet be forgotten. This soldier-turned-demog-
rapher projected the Anuprabesh figure at 90 lakh in Assam and
120 lakh in the N.E. region in his first report to the Government of
India sent on November 8, 1998. It may be recalled here that the
BJP, given its implicit political strategy, would pinpoint the accus-
ing finger at the infiltration of the Muslims from Bangladesh -
Anuprabesh as they call it. Lt. General Sinha, though the constitu-
tional head of Assam, preferred to use the term Anuprabesh in the
same connotation as the BJP would use it. At that time, the BJP-
led NDA Government was at the Centre and the state government
was formed by AGP which had actually captured the power by
vowing to expel the infiltrators from Assam. But none of them
seemed to take the report of the Lt. General seriously.
Prof. Sushanta Krishna Dass, a celebrated researcher and a
famous author on the demography and ethnic problems of Assam,
while discussing the nature of the information provided by Lt. Gen.
Sinha remarks on page 9 of his booklet, Infiltration into Assam -
A Fact or a Fiction: With his prerogative as the constitutional head
of the state, Sri S.K. Sinha vows to say the final words and rejects
any data-based empirical reservation to his conviction. In a meet-
the-citizens soiree at Karimganj circuit house on 3 June, 2000,
Sinha expressed his concern over the swarming of Bangladeshis
and reaffirmed that his projection of Anuprabesh number was con-
firmed. Wait, watch and see. Census 2001 would expose startling
revelations, he said. But a Bengali daily published from Silchar
named Dainik Jugasankha in its 5 June 2000 edition reported that
D.I.G., B.S.F. Raghuraj Sinha had informed the Governor in the
morning of the same day (3 June) that Anuprabesh was not as
large as it is reported in the press. This can be sealed if better vig-
ilance infrastructure is provided.
Subsequently, the Census 2001 report was published believ-
ing the startling revelations of Lt. Gen. S.K. Sinha. Then his
excellency made a second visit to Karimganj border on 1
November 2002. Even though Census 2001 findings were contrary
to his first report to the Government of India, still the Governor was
adamant, meekly though. Now the former governor revised his
stand and his Anuprabesh figure came down at 30 lakh according
to what he stated in his interview with NE TV on 11 and
12 September 2012. It is not comprehensible what made him
change his earlier stand as he did not indicate any explicit or
implicit reason of it.
A news item broadcast by NE TV on 11 September 2012 night
in its Hindi news bulletin said that the soldier-turned-demographer
began to pay his attention to the cultivation of recent history of
Assam. In his discussion with electronic media, he narrated the
story of the Muslim immigration from Mymensing to Assam before
and after independence, the attitude of the Muslim Leagues Moinul
Hoque Choudhury and Bharat Ratna Gopinath Bordoloi towards
Assam immediately before independence and how a Congress
chief minister of Assam, Bimala Prasad Chaliha, attempted to
deport illegal migrants from Assam a decade and a half after inde-
pendence but failed due to intervention from Delhi. This time again,
he was found to be usually adherent to his own conviction rather
than following data-based empirical findings.
In the audio visual media he stated that the Muslim League in
Dhaka had planned to form an Islamic Bengal combining East
Bengal and Assam. Any person having average knowledge of
modem history of Assam and Bengal knows that the districts of
Sylhet, Cachar and Goalpara were wrested away from the Bengal
Presidency to attach them to the newly created province of
Assam in 1874-75 with a view to making the latter viable. In
1905, Lord Curzon partitioned Bengal and created Eastern Bengal
and Assam province by combining North and East Bengal and
Assam into a single province. An intensive movement called Anti-
Partition Movement was organised to oppose the partition plan of
Curzon. In the face of strong opposition, the partition of Bengal and
creation of the new province of Eastern Bengal and Assam came
into force with effect from 16 October 1905. At the outset, the par-
tition was opposed tooth and nail by both Hindus and Muslims, but
it fizzled out due to an artful application of divide-and-rule policy by
Lord Curzon.
An unbiased observation reveals that in the newly organised
Eastern Bengal and Assam Province Muslims gained an economi-
cally advantageous position in comparison with the Hindus. This
province existed from 1905 to 1912. The Muslim League had no
role to play in the creation of this province for the simple fact that
that organisation was born in 1906. It is true that when King
George V announced the revocation of the partition at Delhi Durbar
in December 1911, the Muslim political elite organised under the
Muslim League got a rude shock, but the organisation was not in
a position to resist the announcement. These facts clearly reveal
that the Islamic Bengal thesis of S.K. Sinha is of his own imagina-
tion.
While narrating the political situation prevalent immediately
before independence, S.K. Sinha referred to the Cabinet Mission
plan which proposed to divide the country into three groups with a
weak centre. The Cabinet Mission came to India on 24 March 1946
and mooted their plan of the grouping system on 16 May which
included group A for Hindu majority provinces, B for Muslim major-
ity provinces and C for Bengal and Assam which had a Muslim
majority (non-Muslim population in this group was 48.3 percent).
Jinnahs League remained unmoved on its demand for
Pakistan, the Congress President Jawahar Lal Nehru opposed it as
Assam would have opposed to opt for group C. At that time the
Prime Minister of Assam was Gopinath Bordoloi. It was his
endeavour that convinced the Congress leadership to raise objec-
tion against the Cabinet Mission Plan.
History witnesses that though Assam was one of the con-
stituents of the evolution of Pakistan slogan which was adopted by
the Lahore session of the Muslim League in 1940, the all India
leadership of the League did not show much enthusiasm in stick-
ing to this demand in subsequent years. At the juncture when
Mountbatten Plan to retain Assam with India and to decide the fate
of Sylhet by a referendum was being accepted by the Congress
and the League, the Secretary of the Assam Provincial Muslim
League was Mahmud Ali of Sunamganj, Sylhet. When these deci-
sions were being taken he was in jail. His heart burning and dis-
traction against Jinnah in the jail has been described by M. Kar in
his Muslims in Assam Politics (p. 333). When Mahmud Ali came
out of jail, he observed to his utter dismay that the Brahmaputra
Valley Muslims had already reconciled with the decisions of refer-
endum of Sylhet and Assams inclusion in India.
In view of Jinnahs assurance of inclusion of the whole
province of Assam in Pakistan, leaders of Assam League naturally
exerted their efforts to make the assurance a reality. But all their
efforts ended in smoke in the face of firm and forceful action of
Gopinath Bordoloi to frustrate the same. However, S. K. Sinha in
his interview broadcast through the electronic media claimed with-
out wavering in the least that the tussle on the question of Assams
fate was between Gopinath Bordoloi and Moinul Hoque
Chowdhury, later a member of the cabinet of Assam and then of
India. But the name of Moinul Hoque Chowdhury is found nowhere
in the history of Muslim League of the pre-independence Assam.
As a matter of fact, there is no remote possibility of such occur-
rence. When the Pakistan Resolution was adopted by the Muslim
League in Lahore in 1940, Moinul Hoque Chowdhury had just
passed the Matriculation examination from Silchar Government
High School and got admitted to Cotton College at Gauhati. After
passing Intermediate from this college, he went to Calcutta for a
degree course in the Presidency College. In 1944, he passed his
BA with honours in history and went to Aligarh Muslim University
for further studies. There he did his M.A. and LLB simultaneously.
A talented student as he was, he secured first class both in MA and
LLB in 1947 and returned to Silchar to join the Cachar District Bar
as a practicing lawyer in 1948. It is true that he had become
President of the All India Muslim Students Federation during the
period of his studies at Aligarh, but it would be an indulgence of
imagination to consider him as a leader of the League or a trusted
lieutenant of Mr. Jinnah when he was still studying. In spite of such
reality, S.K. Sinha repeatedly pronounced the name of Moinul
Hoque Chowdhury in connection with the history of the immediate
pre-independence Assam as if he was a heavyweight opponent of
Gopinath Bordoloi, then a national figure.
S.K. Sinha claimed in his interview that Bimala Prasad Chaliha,
a Congress chief minister of Assam, had launched a vigorous
campaign for deporting infiltrators from Assam with an earnest-
ness not shown by any other chief minister but he failed due to the
activities of three Assam leaders active in Delhi. There is no doubt
that the highest number of the so-called Pakistanis was deport-
ed during the period of Bimala Prasad Chaliha (1957-1969). The
list of infiltrators detected and deported during 1952-1999
annexed to the affidavit submitted on behalf the Government of
Assam to the Supreme Court of India, vide writ (civil) petition No.
125 of 1998 dated 1 Sept 1999, testifies that 60413 so-called
infiltrators were deported alone in 1964. This confirms the
observation of Lt. General S.K. Sinha. But the fact Sinha has con-
veniently forgotten is that Moinul Chowdhury was one of the most
resourceful ministers of the Assam cabinet when Chief Minister
Chaliha applied his full energy in detecting and deporting infiltrators
from Assam.
It is true that the highest number of infiltrators were deported
during the period of Mr. Chaliha in comparison with those of other
chief ministers but it is equally true that some genuine Indian citi-
zens like Ashfaque Ahmed were also deported along with illegal
migrants.
It may be recalled here that during the 1960s, the first six years
in particular, there was a sudden hike in the trend of detection and
deportation of infiltrators which reached the highest in 1964. This
appears to confirm that Assam Police pushed back large number
of citizens suo-moto alleging that they had infiltrated into Assam
from East Pakistan. One neo-Assamese, Ashfaque Ahmed of
Naogaon was thus pushed into East Pakistan via Latu (Karimganj)
border. Managing somehow to come back to Assam, he moved a
writ under Article 226 in the Assam High Court. The court reject-
ed the authority of the Superintendent of Police or Civil Authority to
exercise the powers mentioned in section 3 and section (2) CL (c)
of the Foreigners Act and upheld the stay of Ashfaque Ahmed in
Assam. This ruling stopped the trend. As such, the number of per-
sons detected came down from 72,718 in 1965 to 4,740 in 1967.
The corresponding numbers of deported persons were 46,244 and
4,063. S.K. Sinha did not mention the names of three Assam lead-
ers whose efforts scuttled the detection and deportation of infiltra-
tors from Assam. It is not at all plausible that the ruling of Honble
High Court is not known to him. In all probability, he did not men-
tion it knowingly only to accuse some imaginary opponents.
It is not at all clear what was the object of the NE TV channel
by broadcasting an interview full of motivated narratives and dis-
torted facts. It would not be a mere unfounded interpretation if
someone tries to make Moinul Hoque Chowdhury a villain by twist-
ing historical facts. In fact, this is an attempt to split the unity of the
Bengali-speaking people of the state which is still intact despite the
provocation and social tension following the riots in the Bodo
autonomous districts, massacre in a running train, bandh called by
Bajrang Dal, communal excitement in AAMSUs bandh and the
sudden rise of anti-Bangladeshi slogans in Brahmaputra Valley. An
split along religious lines will invite a catastrophe, the signs of
which have already begun to loom large over Assams horizon in
the shape of geo-poltics culminating in the ethnic cleansing cam-
paign recently executed in the Bodo Territorial Autonomous dis-
tricts.
The writer is a former principal of Karimganj College (Assam)
Gen. Sinhas interpretation of the recent Assam history
NATIONAL The Milli Gazette, 16-31 January 2013 9 www.milligazette.com
M. H. RAHMAN
The last years month-long violence engineered
by armed Bodo militants and their supporters in
BTAD areas has badly shaken the secular, toler-
ant and peaceful social fabric of Assam. During
the violence over one hundred people were killed
and 4,85,921 people made homeless and driven
to relief camps. Posters were put up in Muslim
villages asking people to vocate their villages
within a night.
It is observed that while burnings, killings
and evictions were going on unabetedly in BTAD
areas, communal, parochial and fascist forces
of other parts of the state added fuel to the fire
by carrying out vigorous campaigns against the
violence-affected Muslim citizens branding them
as illegal infiltrators from Bangdesh.
The intensity of terror and violence can be
gauged if we compare the number of people dis-
placed during the Gujarat massacres and Nellie
genocide. In whole of Gujarat, over 2000
Muslims were killed and about 250,000 were
displaced. In Nellie, over 3000 persons were
murdered in cold-blood within a night, but the
number of displaced persons was much less.
But in the four districts of the BTAD areas, near-
ly half a million people were displaced. This dis-
placement of people appears to be unprecedent-
ed in the history of the post-independence India.
In this backround, it is not difficult to under-
stand that the objective of the month-long Bodo
violence was to make the Bodos politically,
socially and economically dominant group in the
BTAD areas by evicting and driving the non-
Bodos, particularly the Muslims, out of the
region by resorting to terror.
The population of the BTAD areas comprises
Bodos, Assamese, Bengali Muslims, Koches,
Rajvanshis, Santhals, Adivasis, Nepalis, Ravas,
Garos, Assamese and Bengali Hindus. The
Bodos are the most numerous but still they are
in a minority. Their parcentage to the BTADs
total population is less than 30 while that of the
non-Bodos is close to 70. The Bodos appear like
Hindus in terms of religious beliefs and prac-
tices, but Christitianity has made inroads among
them. The millitant Bodo outfit called NDFB is
dominated by Christian youth.
Bodos have been successful to carve out a
territory called Bodo Territorial Autonomous
Districts (BTAD) for them in Assam. But it has
not been easy for them to gain control over the
land and resources of these areas against the
will of the majority population in these districts
despited all political and administrative powers
enjoyed by BTAD
administration con-
trolled by them due to
the vibrant Indian
democracy and the fact that they are only a
minority in this area.
It is also understandable that the Bodo
minority will never be able to attain the majority
status unless more than half of the total non-
Bodo population is expelled from the BTAD
areas. Bodos understand this perfectly well.
The origin of the month-long violence in
BTAD can thus be traced in the Bodo minoritys
ambition to attain majority status in the region.
It appears that the immediate causes of the
large-scale violence and eviction were:
(1) The Bodos were instigated and encouraged
to resort to ethnic cleansing by parochial and com-
munal forces from outside the BTAD. The Bodos
used the support for achieving their goal of gaining
majority.
(2) The large number of illegal sophisticated
weapons in the possession of the Bodo militants
also prompted them to resort to such violence.
(3) The state administration was lethargic in
containing the situation.
I
t is also to be pointed out that the displaced
people are indigenous inhabitants of the area.
They are branded as illegal migrants in order to
justify the horrendous crimes committed by the
Bodo militants and covering up the plot to make
Bodos a majority in the BTAD areas.
It is also important to note that the Bodos
have not committed such violence for the first
time. In the past, they had resorted to murder
and mayhem for ethnic cleansing on many
occasions. It appears that there is a long-term
design for reducing the majority into a minority
in this area. The non-Bodos who are in majority
had been bearing the brunt of Bodo violence all
these years. These people are in a hapless situ-
ation. They cannot participate in the running of
the BTAD administration on equal and democrat-
ic footing as 30 out of 40 seats in the BTC are
reserved for the minority Bodos.
Before the emergence of terrorist outfits
among the Bodos, this region was the most
peaceful area of Assam. Now people who are
comprised of different religious and lingual
groups are living there in fear, tension and inse-
curity. This is not a healthy sign for the country.
The problem of these people needs to be
resolved permanently with a sense of urgency. A
solution may be along the following lines:
Ensuring representation of all sections of the
population of BTAD in the running of the Bodo
Territorial Council and the state legislature in
proportion to their population. All segments of
the population must have equal socio-economic
and political rights without any distinction in
keeping with the letter and spirit of the
Constitution of India. Another option may be
restricting the jurisdiction of BTAD to the Bodo
majority areas only.
BTAD: The valley of violence
AFSANA RASHID, SRINAGAR
S
tate Human Rights Commission (SHRC) has ordered a fresh
inquiry into the 1990 Gaw Kadal (Srinagar) massacre where-
in scores of people were allegedly killed in CRPF firing. The
Commissions division bench comprising J A Kawoos and
Rafiq Fida December 26 ordered a special inquiry into it to be con-
ducted by SP of police investigation wing of commission. A report is
expected to be submitted within two months and next date of hear-
ing has been fixed for February 26. Ahsan Untoo, chairman
International Forum for Justice (IFJ), December 26 said A peaceful
demonstration protesting against the Chota Bazar molestation at
Gaw Kadal was fired upon on January 21, 1990 resulting in the death
of 50 persons and injuring several others. Commissions division
bench passed an order on a petition filed by IFJ in Commission on
May 1, 2012. The inquiry was ordered by the Commission after the
government failed to submit their report in response to its notices for
eight successive hearings. Untoo added Government has neither
prosecuted any official involved in this gruesome massacre nor has
it allowed any credible investigation. Instead, the police has filed an
FIR 3/90 at Kral khud police station against protestors claiming that
they attacked the police and CRPF and recorded death of 22 per-
sons.
IFJ urges inquiry officer to conduct the inquiry in a free and
impartial manner and urge government officials to cooperate so that
justice could be delivered. The order has brought a ray of hope to the
victim-families. Eleven persons, accused of disrupting 1987 state
assembly elections, have been acquitted by TADA court here, after
25 years. The court while acquitting them, December 27 held in the
interest of justice, prosecution evidence is closed now and conse-
quently persons who faced trial are acquitted with honour from
charged offences of TADA Act and Ranbir Penal Code (RPC).
Police Station Sheergarhi had registered a case against 20 per-
sons in 1987 for committing offences under sections 3(1) (2) of
TADA Act and under various criminal sections of RPC.
Meanwhile, chief minister Omar Abdullah and others got a clean
chit in National Conference worker, Haji Mohammad Yousuf death
case when retired judge of Supreme Court, H S Bedi submitted 96-
page report of one-man commission of inquiry to the state govern-
ment in Jammu on December 22. The report has established
myocardial infarction as the cause of death. Yousufs family has
said they would approach the Supreme Court for justice.
Yousuf was handed over to the Crime branch by the chief min-
ister, September 29, 2011 after he allegedly admitted that he had
taken money from two NC workers for getting them berths in
Legislative Council and state council of ministers. He died mysteri-
ously in custody of Crime branch, Yousufs family alleges that he
was tortured to death.
Campaign against life sentences
JKLF chairman Mohammad Yasin Malik announced the launch of
a 10-day jail Bharo movement from January 4 as the first-phase
of its campaign to seek, the rollback of life-sentences awarded to
Kashmiris and press for the release of prisoners. Life-sentences
awarded to about 30 persons of the valley is part of political pol-
icy of the state government and New Delhi. Those languishing in
various prisons are the collective asset of Kashmir, said Malik,
while speaking at a seminar, here December 30, adding, It is high
time the separatists take up such cases as their collective respon-
sibility. Kashmir has already got its indigenous identity recog-
nized, said Jagmohan Singh Raina, chairman All Parties Sikh
Coordination Committee, adding now we need collective
approach based on a well thought-out strategy.
Unprovoked firing in Pulwama
Several people sustained injuries after security forces allegedly
resorted to unprovoked firing on protesters in south Kashmirs
Pulwama, December 28. Firing triggered violent protests, which
forced authorities to clamp a curfew in the area.
Two Lashkar-e-Toiba (LeT) militants were killed and three per-
sonnel of the forces injured in an encounter that broke out
between militants and security forces in Bubgam-Chandgam vil-
lage in Pulwama on the same day. The incident triggered protests
and people from various adjoining areas tried to march towards
the encounter site. Security forces allegedly resorted to indiscrim-
inate firing resulting in injuries to seven protesters.
Police however, said acting on tip-off 55 RR, 182Bn CRPF
and police launched a joint operation that was fired upon by mili-
tants. This triggered an encounter in which two militants were
killed. A police spokesperson added A major and a captain of the
army and a policeman were also injured. As an army Major was
being evacuated for treatment, mob attacked ambulance at
Pulwama by hurling stones. In the retaliation, seven persons were
injured.
The spokesperson, while quoting DIG south Kashmir Vijay
Kumar, said that the militants had been identified as Imtiyaz
Ahmed Teli alias Fahadullah Kashmiri and Mohammad Aamir Bhat
alias Khalid alias Khursheed. Teli, LeT district commander, was
involved in a grenade attack at Narwal in November, last year in
which one person had died and five injured. Besides, both mili-
tants were involved in a grenade-attack at Bijbehara that killed four
lady tourists in July, last year. Though it seemed to be a gas-cylin-
der blast at that time, but investigations termed it as grenade-
attack. A magisterial probe was ordered, December 28 and a
report is expected within 15 days. Defence Minister, A K Antony,
January 1 sought a report from the army. A shutdown was called
by separatists, December 31 to protest firing on civilians. Life
across the valley came to a standstill. In another encounter in
south Kashmirs Kulgam, two militants and a policeman were
killed, December 24. Police said that the duo was involved in the
hotel Silver Star (Srinagar) shoot-out, October last year.
A police spokesperson said that 9RR, 18 CRPF and police
launched a joint operation at Dodhipora-Kulgam. Militants fired
upon the party which was returned. Both militants identified as
Mudasir Ahmad Sheikh alias Mawiya (local) and Tamim (a
Pakistani militant) and head constable Niyaz Ahmad, were killed.
Scores of people attended the funeral procession of the mili-
tants. Hurriyat (G) chairman Syed Ali Geelani, addressing a gath-
ering from New Delhi over telephone, December 25 said Kashmir
struggle would continue till it is taken to its logical end.
Army using rape as a weapon
Reacting to a statement by National Minorities Commission chair-
man and former bureaucrat, Wajahat Habibullah wherein he has
admitted that security forces have committed mass-rapes and
human-rights violations in Jammu and Kashmir and no action has
been taken, despite various FIRs filed against them, Hurriyat (G)
alleged the armed forces in the state were using rape as weapon
of war. Terming it better late than never conglomerates chair-
man Syed Ali Shah Geelani in a statement from New Delhi
December 28 said unless international bodies intervene, there
seems to be no end to such inhuman incidents. Kunanposhpora,
Shopian and Channapora incidents should be probed.
High Court Bar Association December 29 said people here
expect security forces involved in sexual violence on women are
arrested, prosecuted and punished under law in the same manner
as in the Delhi gang-rape case. UJC chief Syed Salahuddin,
December 29 termed the statement as an eye-opener for the
international community.
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THE MILLI GAZETTE
First English Newspaper of Indian Muslims. Telling the Muslim side of the story fortnight after fortnight since January 2000
SHRC orders fresh inquiry into Gaw Kadal massacre
Geelani rejects Musharraf formula
Hurriyat (G) led by Syed Ali Shah Geelani has said that former
Pakistan president General Pervez Musharaf s four-point formu-
la on Kashmir wasnt a practicable solution to the dispute.
Amalgams spokesperson, Ayaz Akbar here December 30
said, The Musharraf formula is deceptive in nature and its main
theme is to maintain status-quo. The best and possible solution
to the dispute lies in UN resolutions. Hurriyat (M) chairman
Mirwaiz Umar Farooq, December 29 said that, that formula can
be one of the starting points for resolution of the Kashmir dis-
pute. Kashmir issue should either be solved through alternative
negotiated settlement between three parties or through interna-
tional resolutions. Chief Minister Omar Abdullah, December 21
at New Delhi stated that the time had come when Hurriyat
needs to meaningfully engage with the government and see how
the dialogue process could be carried forward. Even PCC chief,
Prof Saif-ud-Din Soz told media here, December 29 that dialogue
was the only way to resolve Kashmir.
10 The Milli Gazette, 16-31 January 2013 NATIONAL www.milligazette.com
ABDUL BARI MASOUD
New Delhi: Assuring that the government will do
its best to promote education and overall welfare
of the minorities in general and of Muslims in
particular, the Union HRD minister Dr MM Pallam
Raju said that there is a need of cooperation and
participation of people in achieving this goal.
Inaugurating a function to mark the 8th
Foundation Day of the National Commission for
Minority Educational Institutions (NCMEI), here
on 28 December, he said the constitutional
mandate of Article 30(1) can only be achieved
with the participation and cooperation of the
general public.
Dr Raju admitted that Muslims have fallen
far behind the national average in education as
shown by the Sachar Committee as well as other
studies. There is an urgent need to pull such
minorities from the brink of marginalization and
to infuse a sense of inclusiveness in the nation-
al mainstream by enhancing education of the
minorities as education is the most effective
instrument for social and economic empower-
ment and vital for horizontal and vertical mobili-
ty in the society, he added. He said several ini-
tiatives have been rolled out by the UPA
Government to achieve the targets envisioned in
the Prime Ministers New 15 Point Programme
for the welfare of Minorities. Under the Prime
Ministers 15 Point Programme for Welfare of
Minorities, schemes amenable to earmarking of
financial and physical targets for minorities, have
been implemented to ensure that the benefit to
minority communities exceeds 15% as in case
of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) and Kasturba
Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV) where the share
of minorities is upto 20 percent. In order to
enhance the participation of minorities in the
national education system, various initiatives
have been undertaken - 121 districts with con-
centration of Muslim population are specifically
targeted for maximizing school access and elim-
inating infrastructure gaps through opening of
1470 new primary schools and 445 upper pri-
mary schools, construction of 45541 additional
classrooms and recruitment of 32728 teachers
during 2011-12. Also, out of 3609 KGBVs sanc-
tioned, 555 KGBVs have been sanctioned in
these 121 Minority Concentration Districts, he
said adding that the states have been urged to
cover out-of-school children going to
madarsas/maktabs. A total of 7828 recognized
madarsas/maktabs covering 10.1 lakh Muslim
children and 4040 unrecognised madarsas/mak-
tabs covering 1.6 lakh Muslim children are to
benefit from the Education Guarantee
Scheme/Alternative Innovative Education under
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan. Due to these interven-
tions the share of Muslim children enrolled at pri-
mary and upper primary levels has gone up and
those out of school have decreased. According
to District Information System of Education
(DISE), the enrolment of Muslim children at pri-
mary and upper primary levels for the year
2010-11 was 13.04% and 11.25% respectively.
Dr Raju also appreciated the NCMEI saying
that during the short period since its establish-
ment in November, 2004, the Commission has
issued 7021 Minority Status Certificates to the
educational institutions, has also disposed off
13147 out of 14908 petitions/applications and it
is also a very cost-effective way of providing
minority status to institutions as also to grant of
affiliation of minorities educational institutions
which is indeed praiseworthy.
It is to be mentioned here that the National
Commission for Minority Educational Institutions
(NCMEI) has been established by an Act of
Parliament with the key objective of ensuring that
the true amplitude of the educational rights
enshrined in Article 30(1) of the Constitution is
made available to the members of the notified
religious minority communities, including
Muslims.
Speaking on the occasion, Minister for
Minority Affairs Dr. K. Rahman Khan urged the
audience to make use and avail the powers of
the NCMEI like, Minority Status Certificate,
granting of NOC to get affiliation/recognition,
permission to get affiliation from any affiliating
university, approval of the appointment of teach-
ing and non-teaching staffs etc.
During the Programme an Award of
Excellence for the Year 2012 from the NCMEI
was presented to Mr. P.A. Hamza, Kerala State
Co-Coordinator, for his outstanding services
and contribution in the field of minorities edu-
cation.
Earlier in his welcome address, NCMEI
chairman Justice M.S.A. Siddiqui, who is
holding the post since the formation of the
Commission, explained the need for providing
proper and modern education to the children
of the Muslim community, par ticularly Muslim
girls. He urged that the minority community
should also make concer ted effor ts to devel-
op our country as a major educational hub.
During the function, the Repor t and
Recommendation on Minority Girls Education
prepared by the Committee on Girls Education
of the Commission was released. The function
was attended by more than 1000 delegates
from different parts of the country including the
stakeholders of minority educational institutions,
bureaucrats, social activists, educationists, jour-
nalists, teachers, lawyers etc.
NCMEI completes 8 years
Justice Sohail Siddiqui speaking
With legal proceedings having begun regarding the trauma that
the 23-year old woman was subjected to, it is hoped that ade-
quate attention is paid to the criminals having been then in a
drunken state. Clearly, execution of gang-rapists can eliminate
the risk of their ever again indulging in such an act. Yet, this
does not reduce the possibility of drunken elements indulging
in anti-social criminal activities.
A lot has already been expressed on the case reflecting the
discrimination and bias to which Indian women are still sub-
jected to. But, again, capital punishment of criminals is least
likely to suddenly change the mindset of the entire society. The
hard reality that such crimes are usually committed when an
individual practically loses control over his senses cannot be
sidelined. It is time the Indian public and government give more
importance to putting a strong curb on this trend.
It is feared that the actual issue over which the entire
nation has given the impression of being united may lose its
actual significance over debate on whether there should be
capital punishment for gang rapists or not. Yes, criminals must
be punished. They are also guilty of murdering the 23-year old
lady, attempting to murder her friend, physically torturing both,
causing them as well as their family members mental and psy-
chological torture and inflicting them with damages which can
never ever be healed. Though prospects of criminals being exe-
cuted in the near future are practically non-existent, the actual
issue retains its grim significance, that of a woman being tor-
tured, physically, mentally, psychologically, financially and then
being thrown out of the bus with her friend on a cold, wintery
night with barely any piece of cloth to cover them. This too was
a criminal activity of the worst kind.
What was no less horrendous of the criminals, then in an
allegedly drunken state, giving impression of having drawn
satanic pleasure from these activities. Think carefully, what
does this suggest? They indulged in a series of crimes without
being restrained by any fear or basic moral code of ethics. They
were reportedly in a drunken state of mind. This in itself indi-
cates that even if all rapists are given death sentences, there is
no guarantee that this punishment would act as a deterrent for
similar crimes. When and if the criminal is not in normal state,
his activities can hardly be expected to be normal. Herein lies
an aspect, given minimal importance in the rage aroused
against what the 23-year old woman was subjected to. The gov-
ernment and concerned authorities need to pay greater atten-
tion in checking and preventing drunken people from moving
around in public places.
It may be noted that so far strict action has been taken
against people driving cars in a drunken state. Now, in lieu of
abnormal behaviour inflicting severe damages on others, strict
action needs to be taken against individuals found in a drunken
state in any public place, including roads, parks, buses and so
forth. If concerned authorities can go overboard in checking
smoking in public places on the ground that this pollutes the
environment and can cause health problems to others in the
area, it is time that greater attention is paid to taking action
against drinking alcohol and moving around drunk in public.
The fact is well known that alcoholic weakness of various
sections of people is exploited considerably to win their support
and/or earn their favours. In other words, this is also used as a
bribe. There is a view that to incite groups to a riotous stage,
almost barbaric against minorities, as was apparently the case
during Gujarat-carnage, the rioters are first made drunk. During
electoral campaign, attracting people with drinks is assumed to
be a normal practice these days. By no code of conduct can this
norm be labelled as civilized or even politically correct. Yet,
this trend is assuming dangerous proportions in Indian society.
The brutal victimization of the 23-year woman by drunken ele-
ments was one reflection of this hard reality. The same was vis-
ible on a larger scale and in a more horrendous manner during
Gujarat-carnage. This happened despite Gujarat being known
as a dry state, where consumption of alcohol is prohibited.
Undeniably, certain state governments are well aware of
possibility of women being unsafe where alcohol is being con-
sumed. Not surprisingly, the Punjab Excise Act, which also
extends to Haryana, prohibits establishments from employing
women in any part of such premises in which such liquor or
intoxicating drug is consumed by the public. In Indian democ-
racy, a similar law cannot be expected to extend to public
places, including roads, parks, markets, buses and so forth.
This would amount to women being virtually banned from
entering these places. Social democracy, equality and public
consciousness in India cannot allow women to face such dis-
crimination. Why should they? Rather, strict action is needed in
preventing drunken elements from roaming around freely in
any area, where they can harm women and/or cause any kind
of disturbance, including communal. Consumption of alcohol in
public and open places should also be banned for common
good.
Speaki ng Out
Capital Punishment &
Certain Social Crimes!
NI LOFAR SUHRAWARDY
SYED ZAFAR MAHMOOD
The Sachar Committee has painfully reported that the parliament
and assembly constituencies where Muslims have substantial
presence and where the number of Scheduled Castes (SCs) is
insignificant have been reserved for the SCs. On the contrary, each
of such states has an alternative set of constituencies where the
proportion of the SCs is huge and where Muslim presence is quite
low, but these are not reserved for the SCs. Since Independence,
Muslims have been suffering this double jeopardy and conse-
quently, for the last six decades, they have been ousted from the
election process in both these categories of constituencies. The
Sachar Committee has regretted that this biased attitude is the
basic reason why the proportion of Muslim representation in the
parliament and the state legislative assemblies is ridiculously low.
Therefore, the Committee recommended that the Central
Government should take up this matter on priority and instruct the
Delimitation Commission to remove this age-old injustice. But so
far, during the last six years, the Government has not taken any ini-
tiative in this matter. We hope that Mr K. Rahman Khan (KRK)
would address this issue with drive and dynamism and would keep
the community informed of his milestones in this sacred journey of
restoration.
Five years ago, in 2007, the central government had appoint-
ed two separate expert groups to suggest modalities for imple-
menting Sachar Committees recommendations to establish Equal
Opportunities Commission and Incentive Schemes based on
Diversity Index. Three years ago both these groups submitted their
well-considered suggestions to the Ministry of Minority Affairs.
Since then these vital Sachar recommendations have been lan-
guishing in the governments zone of silence and inaction. There
seems to be no palatable reason for that except that the govern-
ment is less interested in equal opportunity and diversity and is
more inclined to warm up the Muslim votebank on election eve.
One prays that the negative attitude is confined to this psycholog-
ical calculation and that both of these recommendations of Justice
Sachar do get implemented now. KRK would surely dig out these
issues and take them to their logical conclusion.
The Union Ministry of HRD is annually granted Rupees five mil-
lion in order to advertise and publicize the Scheme to Provide
Quality Education in Madrasas (SPQEM). Under this scheme
madarsa teachers salary is borne by the Government for Science,
computers, sociology, maths and English. But the Ministry told ZFI,
under RTI, that despite obtaining fifteen million rupees over three
consecutive years for this purpose, no funds were spent to get the
scheme translated into Urdu language and other vernacular lan-
guages, their printing and distribution. What was expected is that
this scheme, including the application form - all running in 20
pages, is translated into Urdu and other regional languages and
about two hundred thousand copies should have been distributed
among the administrators of madarsas. Advertisements should
have been made through newspapers, television and radio. This
default was narrated by me in February 2011 to the then Minister
of State for HRD as well as to the Secretary to his Ministry. Later
in March 2012, I re-narrated it in a public meeting in Delhi to the
then HRD Minister but SPQEM has not yet been publicized in any
effective manner.
The Sachar Committee had also recommended that a suitable
mechanism of equivalence be prescribed for recognition of the
madrasa certificates and degrees by the National Institute of Open
Schooling (NIOS) and the entire university system so that the
madrasa graduates interested in being a part of the countrys wider
educational network can do so without hassles. This task had been
entrusted to the Central Board of Secondary Education and the
University Grants Commission where, however, this matter got
stuck after an initial take off. We hope that KRK would undertake
immediate measures to mobilize and activate the HRD Ministry,
CBSE and UGC.
In her letter of 1976 addressed to the chief ministers, Prime
Minister Indira Gandhi had said that the Waqf properties on which
government offices and residences are unauthorizedly functioning
should be got formally leased by the state waqf board to the gov-
ernment at current market rates and the lease arrears must also be
paid. However, if that is not forthcoming, then these properties
must be vacated and handed back to the waqf authorities. The
Sachar Committee has reproduced that letter of Indira Gandhi in its
report lamenting that this prime minsterial order was never imple-
mented. Now the Rajya Sabha Select Committee has recommend-
ed in 2011 that the time limit for implementing the import of Indira
Gandhis letter should be specified in the Waqf Bill. One hopes that
KRK would incorporate this recommendation of the Select
Committee in the amended draft of Waqf Bill 2010. List of Waqf
properties, so encroached by the central and state governments,
is annexed at the end of the Sachar Committee Report.
We are well aware that Muslim presence in the government
bureaucracy is not more than one-fifth of the communitys propor-
tion in the national population. KRKs Ministry runs Free Coaching
and Allied Scheme to help minority candidates prepare well for
competitive examinations. But a necessary condition of this
scheme is that the beneficiary organization must itself impart the
coaching. For being successful, a civil service candidate has to
outdo 900 co-competitors. Hence each of the highly professional
coaches has to have an eagles eye coupled with long-term expe-
rience, awareness of the frequently asked questions in earlier years
and the changing trends in the style of marking, etc. This art can
be mastered only by well-established dedicated special-purpose
institutions and not by every NGO. That is the reason why this
scheme has been a failure in respect of Civil Services. The Scheme
needs to be amended. The NGOs should surely apply but they
should be allowed to sponsor coaching of their candidates in the
most successful professionally-run private coaching institutes for
civil services (incidentally, all such institutions are located in
Delhi). The Ministry can keep a close watch on the expenses and
get them audited. That one strategic amendment in the scheme
would change the scenario of Muslim inclusion in the nations gov-
ernance - for the better. For this, KRK will have to controvert and
overcome the usual negative forces at work. The community is of
firm conviction that KRK fears only the Creator. It appreciates his
inner determination in the words of Muhammad Iqbal:
Main zulmat-e shab mein ley ke nikloonga apney darmaanda kaar-
vaan ko;
Sharar-fishaan hogi aah meri, nafas mera shola-baar hoga.
Leading my hapless caravan, I will boldly venture out - even in the
dark appalling night;
On the way, my conscience would blaze forth and my painful
streaks will spark out.
The author is President, Zakat Foundation of India and was OSD,
Prime Ministers High Level Committee on Muslims (popularly known as
Sachar Committee). He can be contacted at info@zakatindia.org
The Union Ministry of HRD is annually grant-
ed Rupees five million in order to advertise and
publicize the Scheme to Provide Quality
Education in Madrasas (SPQEM). Under this
scheme madarsa teachers salary is borne by
the Government for Science, computers, sociol-
ogy, maths and English. But the Ministry,
despite obtaining fifteen million rupees over
three consecutive years for this purpose, no
funds were spent to get the scheme translated
into Urdu language...
ANALYSIS The Milli Gazette, 16-31 January 2013 11 www.milligazette.com
Works waiting for K. Rahman Khan - ii
Mera Bharat mahan!
I thought that I wont write anything even remotely related to rape
as its become nauseating because of constant regurgitations,
but RSS chiefs stupid statement has made me express my
views on this much-laundered issue. The gentleman states that
Rapes happen in India, not in BHARAT. Hes of the view that the
western culture is responsible for such heinous crimes against
women in urban India, whereas rapes and molestations dont
happen in the rural areas of the country. Isnt Baghpat, a small
town in UP near Meerut, a part of Bhagwats Bharat? What hap-
pened there in 1981? One educated woman Maya Tyagi was
paraded naked and raped by cops and politicians in broad day-
light after killing her husband, whom they called a dreaded anti-
social. This is not an isolated incident.
Rapes are reported in India but go unreported in Bhagwats
Bharat. Didnt Phoolan Devi come from Grameen Bharat? Who
gang-raped her and where did her rape take place? Was she
raped in Delhi, Calcutta, Madras, Bombay or Bangalore? She was
brutally raped in a god-forsaken village in rural India, sorry
Bharat. When, way back in 1979, a 14-year-old tribal girl
Mathura was being raped in rural Maharashtra (Vidarbha) by
drunken policemen near Nagpur, ironically the headquarters of
RSS, where was this super active RSS chief and spokesman?
When army personnel and CRPF jawans violate womens mod-
esty in the Valley of Kashmir and remote villages of North East, I
dont think that has anything to do with western culture and influ-
ence. A 17-year-old Zoya Ansari was denuded, sodomised and
killed by Hindu miscreants in front of her helpless parents, broth-
ers and sisters at Amroha (UP) in 1982. And Im sure, most of
the urban English-knowing readers have not even heard the name
of Amroha, which gave Kamaal Amrohi.
Urban India cannot be held responsible for the crimes against
women. West Bengals supercop Nazrul Islam wrote that villages
in Bengal, Bihar and Orissa have witnessed maximum cases of
rape in the last 30-40 years. Most of the cases were suppressed
or the victims were eliminated. Isnt it a voyeuristic rape in rural
India when women, accused of witchcraft, are paraded naked
and then gang-raped? Whos he (Bhagwat) fooling? During
Gwalior riots in 1965, RSS activists were raping Muslim women
en masse. Gwalior was just a small town 48 years ago and is still
a small city. One must get ones facts right before uttering non-
sense.
Akbaruddins hate-speech
Dont we universally and unanimously believe in the most funda-
mental rule of nature that every action has an equal, at times even
greater, reaction? If therere Togadias in the majority, why cant a
counter-Togadiya in the form of Owaisi be in the minority com-
munity? Dont get me wrong. Im not at all in favour of incendi-
ary hate-speeches delivered by anyone but Im stating the truth
and truth always has an all-encompassing ambit. Modis,
Togadias, Swamis, Shouries, among others have been spitting
venom against the Muslims from public platforms and if one
Owaisi emulates them, can this be blasphemous? Of late,
Hindus have become very vocal and violent and if you closely
observe the trends, following Babri mosque demolition in 1992
and then Gujarat pogrom in 2002, youll notice that they have
become increasingly audacious. Emboldened by their misdeeds
and the assurance that the government machinery is with them
along with the judiciary in their pockets, they (Hindutvites) have
got inebriated by unrestrained power. This needed to be checked
and if Owaisi has challenged the lion in its own lair, he deserves
kudos. But at the same time, a democratic set-up and a civilised
society cannot condone such inflammatory speeches.
SUMIT PAUL
Dr. GHAZANFAR IQBAL, a young Urdu litterateur and critic of
Gulbarga has been selected by Sahitya Academy for being hon-
oured with its Yuva Puraskar (award for young ones), for his
book titled Maani Mazmoon. It may be stated in this connection
that Sahity Academy has started this Award for young generation
writers, poets etc. for their encouragement which consists of a
cheque of Rs. 50 thousand, memento and a certificate. He has
so far written 8 books which have been published. In addition to
the Sahitya Academy of Indias Award, he has already been hon-
oured with U.P., Bihar and Maharashtra Urdu Academys Awards.
Among other young awardees are Sadiq Husain (Bangla), Arif
Raza (Kannad), Farooq Shaheen (Kashmiri). These awards are
given for books whose authors age as on 1 January 2012 was 35
years or less.
IRSHAD WALI, a former student of AMU and an I.P.S. officer of
Madhya Pradesh cadre has been honoured with Indian govern-
ments prestigious National Law Day Award in recognition of his
valuable services for the country. The Award was given by former
Chief Justice of India, Justice Balakrishnan at a function held at
Vigyan Bhavan, New Delhi
Dr. AAMINA TAHSEEN, Assistant Professor in the Department of
Womens Education of Maulana Azad National Urdu Universitys
book titled Hyderabad mein Urdu Adab ki Tahqeeq published in
2010 was declared best to win First Prize in the category of
research and criticism by Andhra Pradesh Urdu Academy. Her
another book Mutalaat-e Niswaan (Studies of Women) published
in 2008 won her second prize of the Academy.
ABDUL SAJID ALI, President of Chaitanya Viku langula
Hakkula Vedika is among the seven persons who have been
honoured with the 12th NCPEDP-Shell Helen Kellar Awards
2012 for their contributions towards improving the lives of dis-
abled persons or serving as role models and a source of inspira-
tion for disabled persons and others. He was awarded for his
efforts to ensure that A. P. government provided employment to
disabled persons under MGNREGA for 100 days job guarantee
scheme of U.P.A. government. Vipro, headed by Azim Premji is
among the six organisations who have initiated steps for provid-
ing facilities to such people for their empowerment, was among
the six such organisations who also were honoured with these
awards which were presented to the persons as well as compa-
nies / organisations, on International Day of People with
Disability which is observed on 3 December every year, by
Salman Khurshid, external affairs minister in New Delhi on 2
December. It may be stated that Dr. Helen Kellar was an
American (lady) writer and social worker who was not only blind
but deaf also but in spite of all these disabilities she learnt read-
ing, writing, typing etc. with the help of a tutor and championed
the cause of blind and disabled persons like her all over the
world.
Salam Bombay: Teesta & others felicitated
Mumbai: Salam felicitations were
conferred on the brave fighters for
justice appreciating their courage and
perseverance. Responding to felicita-
tions Teesta Setalvad hoped that the
communal violence bil would be
passed as the present clime is the
most opportune. She acknowledged
the constant support she received
from Tehelka, Justice Suresh Hosbet,
advocate Muhammad Suhel Tirmizi
and 15 brave victims of Naroda Patiya
who braved threats and demonstrated unfailing courage. She
pointed out the irony that the government which got elected on
the poll promise of implementing the Shri Krishna Report failed to
deliver justice to victims in Maharashtra. She pointed out that the
one who is aspiring to be the P. M. had tried to intimidate witness-
es by installing close circuit cameras. Publisher of Gujarat Today,
renowned advocate M. M. Tirmizi informed the gathering that ten
years out of his 23 year long career as an advocate were devot-
ed to fighting cases of the 2002 victims. He recalled the incidents
of intimidation and implication in fabricated cases which the wit-
nesses bravely overcame. He apprised that he charged neither
fees nor court expenses from the victims. He found a silver line
in the fact that he was encouraged and assisted by scores of
Hindus which include retired DGP R.B. Shree Kumar, Tehelka pub-
lisher Aashish Khetan, Teesta Setalvad, Justice Suresh Hosbet
and many others. Aashish Khetan felt that Tehalkas sting opera-
tion was instrumental in ensuring justice. The court while pro-
nouncing the sentence in Naroda Patiya case, made special ref-
erence to it. He apprised the same CD was produced as evidence
in Naroda gam case and Gulberg Society massacre.
Retired DGP R.B. Shreekumar expressed immense satisfac-
tion over the fact that the tears of the poor were wiped. No trophy
or felicitation will ever bring him such relief. Recalling the
macabre dance of violence in which 20 day old infant was killed
and women gang-raped he divulged the chief secretarys com-
ment when he opted to resign. He had taunted that he was against
the C.M. to which he (Shreekumar) retorted that he was against
the CMs steel frame. He emphatically added that as a a police-
man he can (and could) control riots within two hours because
rioters are chicken hearted cowards. He apprised that he had filed
four affidavits while in service before the Nanavati Commission
exposing the Modi government for its role in abetting and conniv-
ing the crimes. He, with a sense of commitment to national good,
added that in all he had filed nine affidavits which no government
employee had ever done. Retired justice of Mumbai High Court
Suresh Hosbet observed that those were not riots but massacres
engineered by the state machinery and Narendra Modi. He
apprised that he had personally heard the woes of riot victims.
The programme was attended by several organisations
and individuals including Harsh Mander, Aparna Bhatt (advo-
cate), Sanjay Parikh, Kamiyani Jaiswal (advocate) all from
New Delhi and Fr. Cedrik Prakash from Ahmedabad. The pro-
gramme was sponsored by the Mumbai Aman Committee,
Maharashtra Jamiat-e-Ulama and Jamaat-e Islami, Kul Jamati
Tanzeem (Malegaon), Markazul Aarif, Movement for Human
Welfare, All India Ulama Council and Urdu Markaz etc. from
various par ts of the country and attended by eminent intellec-
tuals. (AG Khan)
AWARDS
Prof. HANIF
AHMAD NAQVI,
noted Urdu
researcher, crit-
ic and author
died in his
home town
S a h a s w a n
(Dist. Badaon,
U.P.) on 22 December at the age of
76 years. He was educated at his
home town and Vikarm University,
Ujjain from where he did B.A., M.A.
(first class first) and PhD in Urdu
research and criticism. He served at
Banaras Hindu University (BHU) for
about 30 years, retiring as Head of
Urdu Department there. He did M.A.
in Persian from BHU also. He leaves
behind his wife, one son and five
daughters. He was also honoured
with many literary honours and
prizes such as Imteyaz-e Mir by Mir
Academy, Ghalib Award by Ghalib
Academy, Maulana Azad Award by
U.P. Urdu Academy and Kausar
Chandpuri Award by Madhya
Pradesh Urdu Academy. He was
born and died also in Sahaswan.
HIRA LAL SIBAL, noted lawyer, a
lover and promoter of Urdu died of
heart attack and pneumonia in a
Chandigarh hospital on 29
December at
the age of 98
years. He
was the
father of
union minis-
ter Kapil
S i b a l .
Formerly a
resident of
Lahore, after migrating to India he
settled down in Chandigarh. He was
in legal service for more than six
decades and had served as
Advocate General of Punjab twice
and had turned town an offer to
become a High Court judge. He was
also honoured with Indias Padma
Bhushan and Punjab Rattan awards.
NAZIRUL HAQ AJMAL, younger
brother of Maulana Badruddin
Ajmal, Assams industrialist and
Lok Sabha M.P. from Dhubri
(Assam) who is president of All
India United Democratic Front died
in Dubai on 10 December 2012 at
the age of 48 years. A number of
political, social and academic per-
sonalities, including prime minister
Manmohan Singh expressed their
deep sorrow over his death. Nazirul
Haq Ajmal was the 5th Director of
Ajmal group of companies and an
active member of many education-
al, social and welfare organisations
run and managed by Ajmal Family.
He leaves behind his wife, one son
and three daughters. He was laid to
rest in Dubais Al Qasim graveyard.
A condolence and prayer meeting
was held in New Delhis Jama
Masjid (near Parliament Street) on
18 December after Zuhar Namaz
when prayers for peace to his soul
were offered. Among the dignitaries
who attended this prayer meeting
were Vice President of India Hamid
Ansari, Congress M.P. Muhammad
Azharuddin, MIMs Lok Sabha M.P.
Asaduddin Owaisi, Maulana
Mahmood Madni, Jamiatul Ulama
leader, Supreme Court lawyer Niaz
Farooqi, Jamiatul Ulamas secretary
Maulana Abdul Hameed Nomani
and others.
SALIK LUCKNAWI, noted progres-
sive Urdu poet, journalist,
researcher, litterateur and editor of
Urdu daily Aabshaar died in Kolkata
on 4 January. An author of about ten
books, he had celebrated his hun-
dredth birth day on 16 December
2012. He leaves behind four sons
and two daughters. One of his
books was regarding history of
Urdu prose in West Bengal.
JUSTICE M. Y.
EQBAL, chief justice
of Madras High
Cour t has been
appointed a judge of
Supreme Cour t of
India along with the
Chief Justices of
Orissa and Karnataka High Courts. All
the 3 judges were sworne in on 24
December in the Supreme Court by
Chief Justice of India Altamas Kabir.
Justice Eqbal is 61 and hails from
Jharkhand. With the appointment and
taking over these 3 judges, total number
of judges in the Supreme Court is 27
now but still four more posts of judges
are lying vacant in this highest court of
the country.
Prof. SIDDIQUR RAHMAN QIDWAI,
senior Vice President and interim chair-
man of Anjuman Taraqqi-e Urdu was
unanimously elected Chairman of
Anjuman Taraqqi-e Urdu Hind at a joint
meeting of General Body and Executive
Committee of the Anjuman held at Urdu
Ghar, New Delhi on 28 December. Prof.
Qidwai had earlier been a teacher at
Delhi University as well as Jawaharlal
Nehru University and presently he is
also associated with many literary and
other Urdu organisations. The Executive
Committee also unanimously elected
MUHAMMAD IQRAR HUSAIN, Principal
of Delhi Public School, Mathura Road,
Prof. KEDAR NATH SINGH, noted Hindi
poet and litterateur and Prof. ABDUR
RASHID of Jamia Millia Islamias Dept.
of Distance Education and a famous lin-
guist as members of the Anjumans
General Body.
Mrs. NAINA LAL
KIDWAI, Director
of HSBC Asia
Pacific, has been
elected President
of Federation of
Indian Chamber of
Commerce &
Industry (FICCI). She is the first woman
president of FICCI and is elected in place
of the outgoing president R.V. Kanoria.
She took over her new post on 15
December.
Prof. (Ms.) TABASSUM SHAHAB of
AMU has been appointed President of
J.N. Medical Colleges Department of
Childrens Diseases for three years in
place of Prof. S. Manazir.
Another appointment in AMU is that of
Prof. ASIF SHUJA who has been
appointed President of the Department
of English for three years or till his retire-
ment whichever is earlier. His appoint-
ment is in place of Prof. S. N. Zeba.
MEN & WOMEN IN NEWS
OBITUARIES
W
inner of the fourth edition of Laadli media award for gender sensitivity 2011-2012, sen-
ior journalist Kulsum Mustafa received this award from Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister,
Mr. AkhileshYadav at a function on 13 December at Lucknow.
The entry that won her the award Getting her goat-food and finance come on four legs, out-
lines how impoverished women can overcome poverty and want by rearing goats and in the process
improve their own nutritional intake as well as the financial security and status of the family. This
has been done with the assistance of Goat Trust whose chief focus is to promote goat-based liveli-
hood.
A firm believer that development journalism is the journalism that can help bring about a change
in the lives of Laxmans common man, Kulsum feels that these stories done with full research
have to be written professionally both with your mind and heart.
In 2006, UNICEF UP had brought out a booklet on Kulsums development stories. Her in-depth
portrayal of the pain and trauma of the Batla House victims families is now part of a book across
the cross fire brought out by Women Unlimited. The book was released on 5th December 2012 in
Delhi at a function organized by Women Features Service (WFS).
Kulsum Mustafa has been a mainstream journalist for the last 30 years. She has worked with
major newspapers like The Times of India and Indian Express. She has worked with international
news agencies like Associated Press, Voice of America and AFP. She contributes articles to Women
Features Service, BBC Online, Uday India and twocircles.net. She is the founder of the Citizen News
Service and secretary general of Media Nest, a forum that works for the welfare of journalists and
their families. She is engaged in development journalism for the past ten years.
KULSUM GETS LAADLI MEDIA AWARD
12 The Milli Gazette, 16-31 January 2013 NEWSMAKERS www.milligazette.com
Owaisis official residence in Delhi
attacked by Hindutva goons
New Delhi: Hyderabad Member of Parliament and Majlis Itehadul
Muslimeen president Asaduddin Owaisis official residence on the
Ashoka Road in New Delhi was attacked by Hindutva goons in the
evening of 8 January. Goons reportedly belonging to Bajrang Dal,
Vishwa Hindu Parishad and Vishwa Hindu Sena stormed the resi-
dency of Owaisi, elder brother of Akbaruddin Owaisi, in New
Delhis top security zone and vandalized the furniture. No police-
man was there to stop them or even arrest them later. A complaint
was reportedly lodged against unknown persons. Protestors
raised vulgar slogans against Owaisi brothers, painted the walls
black and destroyed the Majlis hoarding as well as the wooden
grill on the wall. They were chased away by Owaisis servant Raju
and his son while Owaisi himself was in Hyderabad.
The attack took place in the early evening hours in an area
continously patrolled by the police vans and covered by umpteen
CCTV cameras.
Dr. Zafarul-Islam Khan, President of All India Muslim Majlis-e
Mushawarat, said here today in a press statement that the attack
by Sangh Parivar goons on the official residence of Majlis
Ittehadul Muslimeen Member of Parliament, Mr. Asaduddin
Owaisi, is highly condemnable. While it shows the rogue nature of
the Sanghis, it also betrays the
callous and collaborator nature of
Delhi Police which failed to pre-
vent as well as arrest the attacking
goons who fearlessly moved
around in a high security zone
attacking and ransacking the
house at Ashoka Road of an
important leader and spokesman
of the Indina Muslim community.
Media was able to cover but
blackout the attack while the
Police remained blissfully unaware despite all the CCTV cameras
in the area.
Dr. Khan has also written to the Delhi Police Commissioner
asking him to take immediate action against the saffron goons and
the police officers who allowed the attack to take place and failed
to nab the criminals.
Waqf Bachao Tehreek formed in Delhi
MG/Yusuf
SPECIAL REPORT The Milli Gazette, 16-31 January 2013 13 www.milligazette.com
New Delhi: A Waqf Bachao Tahreek was
formed here during a meeting of concerned milli
and social activists on 6 January. Though waqf
properties have been systematically usurped
and stolen over the years, the immediate provo-
cation is that the Delhi Development Authority on
5 December 2012 started the demolition of
Ghausiya colony (khasra no. 217, Mehrauli,
south Delhi) without giving any notice to the
inhabitants and on 12 December, a four-hun-
dred-year-old mosque in the said colony was
demolished alongwith the demolition and level-
ling of dozens of houses and a number of graves
and dargahs on this waqf land leaving hundreds
of inhabitants homeless. Till date the inhabitants
of the colony are living in the open sky in the
chilly winter of Delhi. Despite the continuous agi-
tation led since by Ghoasiya Colony
Rehabilitation Forum (GCRF), no action has
been taken by the state government or Delhi
Waqf Board.
A GCRF delegation led by SDPI National
General Secretary Hafiz Manzoor Ali Khan has
so far met the Chief Minister of Delhi Mrs Sheila
Dixit, Chairman of the National Commission for
Minorities Mr Wajahat Habibullah and Minister
for Minority Affairs K Rahman Khan to take
action to solve this problem created by the DDA.
The delegation also met Delhi Waqf Board CEO
Mr Abid Hasan and asked him to file a case on
behalf of the Waqf Board against the demolition
of a Masjid on a waqf land. The state of the
affairs of the Delhi waqfs is utterly pathetic as
the Waqf Board chairman Mateen Choudhary
only issues good statements in the media but
takes no concrete step.
These efforts have shown that the govern-
ment and waqf board are not serious regarding
this issue. Therefore, to create public aware-
ness regarding this issue and to fight a legal bat-
tle for this and the larger issue of safeguarding
waqfs, a joint meeting of various organizations
was held at the office of the SDPI in Delhi on 6
January. The meeting was attended by Shahi
Imam of Fatehpuri Mosque Dr. Mufti Mukarram
Ahmed, Hafiz Manzoor Ali Khan(SDPI), Dr
Zafarul-Islam Kham (All India Muslim Majlis-e
Mushawarat), Dr Tasleem Rahmani (Muslim
Political Council of India), Maulana Ansar Raza
(Ghareeb Nawaz Foundation), Yaseen Patel
(Wahadat-e-Islami), Dr Basheer Ahmed (All
India Muslim League), Ansarul Haq (Popular
Front of India), Farooq Ahmed (Muslim
Educational Trust), Mumtaz Ahmad Chawla,
Maulana Ashfaque (All India Imams Council),
Aneesuz Zaman (Campus Front of India),
Mohamed Allaudin and Mohamed Tanveer (both
of GCRF).
A joint platform in the name of Waqf
Bachao Tahreek was formed to save the waqf
proper ties by public awareness and legal
process. Shahi Imam Dr. Mufti Mukarram
Ahmad will be the patron of the movement while
other functionaries are as follows: Maulana Hafiz
Manzoor Ali Khan (General Convenor:),
Dr. Tasleem Rahmani, Maulana Ansar Raza and
Yaseen Patel (Convenors), and Mumtaz Ahmad
Chawla (Coordinator). The movement will
organize agitations if the Ghausiya Masjid is not
rebuilt and the uprooted people not rehabilitated.
The movement demands the Delhi
Government to rebuild the Masjid and restore the
graves immediately, rehabilitate the uprooted
people of the colony and stop their daily harass-
ment by DDA and Police officers. The movement
also demands a judicial enquiry to determine
and punish the DDA and Police personnel
responsible for the demolition of Masjid, disre-
spect to the graves and uprooting the residents
living there since long. The movement held a a
press meet on 9 January at the Press Club of
India in New Delhi in which the plans and the
future course of the movement were announced.
For more details contact Mohamed
Tanveer, Member, Waqf Bachao Tahreek -
madrasonline@gmail.com)
Two
faces
of
our
society
Manoj Kureel
Broken houses and most of the Ghausia mosque demolished Press conference at the Press Club Delhi on 8 January
Hindutva goons attacking Asaduddin Owaisis official residence in New Delhi
Waqf issues being discussed at a meeting in Delhi on 6 January
Depalpur is saffron terror base
Indore / Depalpur: Terror has now found a new den. With Tejram's
arrest, it is the fourth from the place, Depalpur is tense, people are
guessing whose turn would be next. Two newspapers project two
different versions. While DNA newspaper quoted an NIA investiga-
tor apprising that the slain activist Sunil Joshi started building a
network in the area when he was posted as RSS pracharak here
in 1999-2000. He made an "action wing" during his tenure. This
was his hideout after Congress leader Pyarsingh Ninama's murder
in 2003, for several weeks. The above investigator cites Rajendra
Chaudhari alias Dashrath alias Samandar that Joshi had made an
unsuccessful attempt of testing bombs near Depalpur Resham
Kendra. He used to keep explosives in a cowshed on the border of
the village. After Joshi's murder, the four persons nabbed recent-
ly, i.e., Kamal Chauhan, Dhansingh, Tejram and Sandeep
Upadhayay left their homes fearing that they might be killed.
Contrary to this, Nai Dunia Hindi daily (now owned by Jagaran
group) reports that Tejram, a worker on daily wages, is being
falsely implicated by the NIA and confessions are being extracted
from all such people, that he had never been out of Depalpur. The
entire area is in the grip of tension fearing more arrests.
With the arrest of Dhansingh from Chitrakoot (on UP-MP bor-
der) where he was called "Swamiji", Depalpur (a tehsil in Indore
district) has the dubious distinction of being the nursery of three
suspects involved in various bomb blasts - Samjhauta, Mecca
Masjid and Malegaon. Dhansingh was arrested following the clues
given by Samandar Singh who was nabbed three days earlier from
Nagda. Kamal Chouhan, Samandar Singh and Dhan Singh com-
prise the team of five persons which includes Swami Aseemanand
and Lokesh Sharma. Dhan Singh had been absconding since
Pragya Singh's arrest. He has been taken to Delhi for interrogation.
Meanwhile, the court dismissed the bail petition of Harshad alias
Munna in the Sunil Joshi murder case. Bail petition of Pragya
Singh Thakur has been deferred till 14 January. Samandar Singh
retracted his statement in court which he had given prior to his
production before the court. Earlier, he had confessed of his role
in the Samjhauta blast but later on he pleaded not-guilty.
Ramlakhan Maharaj alias Dhan Singh will be brought to Indore
and neighbouring areas to collect evidence. His links with Pragya
Singh Thakur and Col. Purohit are also being ascertained. He is
also likely to provide clues about Sunil Joshi's murder.
Refuting Congress leader Digvijay's statement that the state
had turned into a safe haven for saffron terrorists, the newly elect-
ed state President of BJP, Narendra Singh Tamar claimed that the
state was an island of peace whereas during Diggy's rule Zirniya
emerged as Sohrabuddin's den. (AG Khan)
NIA team visits practice sites
Indore: The NIA team brought the two accused of Samjhauta
Express (and other blasts) to the places where they used to prac-
tice bomb blasts and inspected these places. Bagli forests, 98
kms. from Indore, had been the location of their blast training and
tests.
A team led by S.P. Vishal Garg and D.S.P. Devendar Singh
arrived at the village Kothra, 10 kms. from the forests, accompa-
nied by police officers and explosive experts. The entire area was
cordoned off by more than four dozen teams. Dhan Singh was in
tears remembering his days with Guruji (slain Sunil Joshi) when
he visited the place where they used to take shelter during the day
and blast bombs during the night and escape to nearby villages.
Dhansingh claims, "sadhvi Pragya Bhari (sic) and Lokendra
Sharma eliminated Guruji due to personal rivalry". Dividing them-
selves into two groups, the NIA team visited various sites with
Dhan Singh and Rajendra Choudhari. Rajendra Choudhari, howev-
er, did not identify many places because of geographical changes
during the past six years.
Dhan Singh showed two pits. The team collected samples of
soil from there. Kalu Pandit Guruji's aide used to make arrange-
ments for the meals. Training camps comprising 10-12 persons
were organised and Sunil Joshi, Pragya Bharti, Ramji Kalsangra,
Sandip dange, Lokesh Sharma, Kamal Chouhan, Shivam Dhakad,
Mehul and Amit participated in them.
The team also located two hideouts in Indore at Manawata
Nagar and Sarva Sampanna Nagar. 448, Manawata Nagar is quite
close to Bangali Chouraha where Ramji Kalsangra used to live. He
helped them in getting the house. Joshi and Dange used to live
there with changed identities and Ramji used to visit them fre-
quently. Another house at Sarva Sampanna Nagar, a kilometre
from Manawata Nagar was a safe location because in 2005 it was
away from hustle bustle of the city and it was easy to escape to
Dewas from there.
Samjhauta Express accused nabbed
Nagda (Ujjain): Well-timed to coincide with Rahman Malik's visit to
New Delhi, the NIA arrested Dashrath Sinh alias Samandar Sinh
(Rajendra Choudhari / Pehlwan), the main accused of planting the
bomb in the Samjhauta Express from a nearby village hiding in
Bagla where he had been hiding in a relative's house for the last
four days. He carried a reward of Rs. 5 lakh.
A nine member team reached Nagda under IG Mahesh Laddha
which nabbed the accused with the help of the local police from
Mansinh Choudhari's home. He was taken first for a medical
check up and then produced before a magistrate for transit
remand. He will be produced before the NIA court Panchkula.
(Dass) Choudhari is believed to be close to slain pracharak Sunil
Joshi. Some details of his arrest (and involvement in blasts) are
likely to be passed on to the visiting Pakistani delegation.
The NIA believes that he was involved in the Mecca Masjid
blast also. He had changed his identity following a Rs. 5 lakh
reward on him. Fond of Ramayana, he reads it frequently during
the day and was allowed to carry the copy when arrested. He was
arrested in a dramatic manner when the team arrived at the resi-
dence of Mansinh Chaudhari pretending to be a team from the
mobile-tower. He had spent there 15 days once while absconding
and another 10 days a second time during the past year. Digvijay
Singh, while commenting on the arrest, accused BJP of shielding
terror suspects and believed that even Ramji Kalsangra and
Sandip Dange might be in M.P. He even demanded action against
police officers for their failure in nabbing him.
Unani Tibbi Congress meets
New Delhi: A Meeting of All India Unani Tibbi Congress (AIUTC)'s
National Executive Committee, chaired by Dr. A.J. Siddiqi, was
held here on 31 December 2012 in which the following decisions
were made: Like previous years, the International Unani Medicines
Day and the 11th All India Unani Tibbi Convention will be held in
Ajmer on 12 February 2013 under the auspices of the All India
Unani Tibbbi Congress Rajasthan State branch. Dr. Sajid Nesar,
President of Rajasthan State's Tibbi Congress was appointed
Convener and Dr. Nawazul Haq and Hakeem Nasr Ahmad Sadiq,
national joint secretaries of Tibbi Congress, have been appointed
co-conveners. A request was made to all state presidents of
AIUTC to write letters to the U.P.A. government at the Centre and
particularly to Mrs. Sonia Gandhi and invite their attention to UPA's
election manifesto of 2009 in which a promise was made that if
UPA comes to power in elections, a National Unani University
would be set up but so far no practical steps have been taken in
this direction.
The souvenir to be published on the occasion of International
Day of Unani Medicines 2013 will contain a special section on the
life and services of Hakeem Momin Khan Momin. Prof. Afzal
Ahmad, Prof. Sa'd Usmani, Dr. Khurshid Ahmad Shafqat Azmi,
Dr. Wasim Ahmad Azmi, Dr. Sayyad Ahmad Khan and Dr. S.M.
Husain would be on the editorial board of this magazine.
It was also decided that a sub-committee headed by Dr. Aalia
Amaan, interim president of AIUTC will be constituted in connec-
tion with the awards to be given on the occasion of the
International Day of Unani Medicine.
Second Convocation of Maulana Mazharul Haq University
Patna: The Second Convocation of Maulana Mazharul Haq
University was held in a function on 22 December at its campus
at Baily Road here and was chaired by the University's Chancellor
and Bihar's Governor, Deba Nand Kunwar. On this occasion, for
the first time certificates as well as Gold Medals were given to
post graduate students, EBA and toppers in Madrasa Education's
Aalim, Faazil courses. University's Vice Chancellor Prof. Shamsuz
Zoha had stated on the eve of the convocation that a special fea-
ture of this Convocation was that a special type of uniform had
been prescribed for students of both madrasa as well as vocation-
al syllabi students. The University had earlier issued a list of top-
pers of different courses such as Faazils in Urdu and Persian,
MBA, Aalims in Persian and Arabic, BCA (Hons.), BA (Hons.) etc.
Quite a good number of toppers in all these courses were non-
Muslim boys as well as girls (in addition to Muslim students) such
as Varun Kumar, Abhimanyu Kumar, Kumari Pushpa, Anamika
Kumari, Manisha Kumari and so on. After the distribution of cer-
tificates and medals a press conference was also held. S.M. Karim
is the Registrar of this University.
Reconstitution of Rajasthan Urdu Academy
New Delhi: Government of Rajasthan has reconstituted the Urdu
Academy of Rajasthan and members of the reconstituted
Academy have been announced who will enjoy a term of three
years. New members are: Dr. Abida Afridi, President of the
Department of Persian, Rajasthan University, Jaipur; Dr. Ishraqul
Islam Maahir, President of the Department, Jai Narain Vyas
University, Jodhpur; Prof. Farooq Bakhshi, Head of the Department
of Mohan Lal Sukhadia University, Udaipur; Dr. Arshad Abdul
Hameed, Lecturer, Department of Urdu of Government College,
Tonk; Muhammad Saleem, Lecturer, Department of Urdu, Govt.
Senior Secondary School, Makrana; Muhammad Farooq Engineer,
Sikar; S. M. Haneef Jodhpur and 12 or 13 others of Jaipur,
Udaipur, Bikaner, Jodhpur, Kotah etc.
Madurai muth's head priest urges women to observe parda
Thanjavur: Head Priest of Madurai Muth, Arunagirinatha Sri
Jnanasambanda Desika Paramacharya Swamigal, popularly
known as Madurai Adheenam has advised women to inculcate
self-discipline and observe parda like Muslim women, while going
out to avoid becoming targets of evil eyes and victims of rape.
Expressing concern over the increasing number of sexual assaults
on women in the country, he called for enactment of more strin-
gent laws to curb incidents of rape and sexual assault on women.
He told media persons that women should refrain from wearing
obscene dresses in the name of fashion, adding that they should
wear dresses that would cover their body completely and exhibit
their body only to their husbands.
Maulvi refuses to conduct Nikah reminding family of Shariah
Jaipur: Members of a family from Gujarat got embarrassed when
they found that the maulvi called for conducting the nikah refused
to perform the rituals and returned. He was shocked to see the
women folk of the bridegroom's family dancing in the marriage pro-
cession. Wahid Khan of Barmer district (Rajasthan) had betrothed
his daughter to Nawaz of Vadodara. The marriage procession
arrived at the bride's home. However, seeing the women dancing
the maulvi reminded them of shariah and walked out. The marriage,
later on, was conducted at some other place by another maulvi.
Gujarat's malnutrition rate worse than Somalia, says Katju
Bhopal: The Press Council of India Chairman Markendya Katju on
Dec 23 lashed out against Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi
and heaped praise on Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Shivraj
Singh Chouhan. Citing figures, the Press Council chairman said
Gujarat's malnutrition rate was higher than that of poor countries
like Somalia. Katju described the so-called development in Gujarat
as "phoney", since it had failed to help the common man in any
way. "There is no way in which the blot on Modi's name due to the
2002 Gujarat communal riots can be wiped out," he told reporters
at a press conference. Katju said Modi had made tall claims about
development in Gujarat but pointed out that the living standards of
the common people was still "abysmal". Asked what he thought of
Modi's third successive win in assembly elections, he said that
everyone knows how polls are fought and won these days in the
country.
Mumbai / Dhulia: Communal riots erupted on Sunday 6 January
in Dhulia, a town about 45 kms. from Malegaon, in which at least
six youths were killed and at least 110 were injured. The trouble
started in the city's Machhli Bazar area around 2, 3 p.m., and
swiftly spread to many other areas and continued for three or four
hours. When the situation became alarming, curfew was
clamped in the affected areas around 7 p.m. The real origin of
riots could not be known and different reasons are being given by
the people and the police. According to some sources, a minor
quarrel between a Muslim autorickshaw driver and passenger
took place in Machhli Bazar which took a communal turn.
According to another source a quarrel started between two crick-
et teams. According to another source, it started when Indian
team playing Pakistan was all out for 167 runs in Delhi, there
were rumours of some people lighting crackers which angered
other people. However all these are unconfirmed reasons but the
police itself is unable to find the real reason. The fact is that the
dispute took a communal turn and soon spread to other areas
and continued for three to four hours in which Muslim localities
were targetted. Rioters had swords, kerosene, petrol and acid
bombs, iron rods, stones etc. which they used freely even in the
presence of the police. Many people blamed the police not only
for their inaction against the rioters which encouraged them but
more seriously for their own complicity in riots at some places.
On the very first day four youths Imran Ali, Qamar Ali, Hashim
Sheikh Naseer and Saud Ahmad were killed. Another person
Raees Patel was subsequently killed whose death was confirmed.
All these deaths were due to police firing. Police was also blamed
for one-sided action i.e. against Muslims. The fact that rioters
were soon equipped with swords, petrol bombs etc. strengthens
the belief that these riots were pre-planned and only an excuse
and opportune time was awaited. Most of the injured were
Muslims and their injuries also were due to police firing. The dead
persons had bullet marks in the upper parts of their bodies i.e.
back and chest. This also shows that the intention of the firing
was to kill them. It was reported in an English daily that about 50
policemen were also injured in these riots. Some newspapers
reported that as many as 200 persons approximately were
injured who were admitted to the city's Lokmanya Hospital,
Sarvajanik Hospital, Swad Hospital, Aastha Hospital and others.
Of the 35 injured persons admitted in Civil Hospital, all were vic-
tims of police firing. Similarly in other hospitals also the injured
persons admitted were victims of police firing. Most of the hous-
es, shops, vehicles etc. set on fire belonged to Muslims. When
the rioters entered Muslim localities, the residents who came out
to defend themselves against the rioters were also targetted by
the police, instead of the rioters. According to Dhulia Police
Superintendent Deshpande, Rapid Action Force along with police
force sent from Jalgaon were posted in all the riot affected areas.
Police reinforcements (CRPF / RPF) were also called from other
places.
This was the second major communal riot in nor th
Maharashtra in the past fortnight. Earlier, three persons were
killed in Raver near Jalgaon on 25 December in the communal
riots that had erupted there (in Raver) between two communities.
In Dhulia, the local MLA Anil Gote said that the entire incident of
riots indicates total failure of the police machinery. S.P. leader Abu
Asim Azmi while blaming police's one-sided action and firing in
Machhli muhallah and Madhopura violence, said youths of the
minority community only have been made the victims. He said
that rioters and mischievous elements are even now roaming free
and police also is being blamed for their complicity in looting the
shops of minorities. He further said that according to calls being
received by us, along with the police, civil hospital authorities
also are being blamed for partiality. Chairman of Maharashtra
State Minorities Commission Munaf Hakeem said that Dhulia riot
is the result of organised conspiracy and the quarrel with
autorickshaw driver and cricket match have only been made
excuses for the violence. He has demanded that the S.P. and
Collector order an enquiry into these riots.
According to subsequent news the chief minister of
Maharashtra has ordered a magisterial enquiry into these riots
and the the report to be submitted within two months. (NA
Ansari)
Six killed, hundreds injured in
communal riots in Dhulia, Mahrashtra
14 The Milli Gazette, 16-31 January 2013 COMMUNITY NEWS www.milligazette.com
Burqa-clad march for women
Indore: Hundreds of burqa-clad girls and women marched in a
procession demanding safety for women. Expressing their
anguish for the gang rape victims they condemned the incident
after condoling the death of the victim. Marching under the ban-
ner of Jamia Ayesha Carewell Girls Model Madrasa they called for
moral introspection. Professor Halim Khan, member national
monitoring committee for minority education, said that a pro-
gramme for self reliance and self defence will be started for girls
which will commence from the birthday of the Prophet.
Efforts to improve madrasas in Rajasthan
Madrasa Board, which was created in Rajasthan about a year ago
has succeeded not only in getting more resources but, with its
efforts, a better atmosphere for teaching and learning and
improvement of educational standard has also become possible.
With chief ministers implementation of modernization of
madrasa scheme, about 4000 Assistant Urdu teachers have been
appointed and the tendency among parents to get their sons edu-
cated in madrasas has also increased. That is why during the past
one year the number of students in madrasas has increased from
approximately 1,74000 to about 2,74,000 and the number of
madrasas has increased from 3026 to 3644. Under the general
budget for 2012-13 an amount of Rs. 10 crores has been allocat-
ed for the structural progress of registered madrasas under Chief
Ministers Madrasa Modernization Scheme, under which 330
madrasas will be modernized, under which three model
madrasas, two residential madrasas i.e. madrasas with hostels
and five madrasas of general type will be built in each district.
Model madrasas will be given Rs. 5 lakhs, residential madrasas
will be given Rs. 4 lakh and general madrasas will be given Rs.
1.5 lakh each. An amount of Rs. 3 crores has been sanctioned for
Madrasa Boards Building. It is expected that this building (of
Madrasa Board) will be fully completed by February 2013.
According to chief ministers 2009-10 and 2010-11 budget
announcements 3500 Assistant Urdu Teachers and 500 Assistant
Computer Education Teachers have been appointed. With these
appointments the number of Assistant (Urdu) Teachers working in
madrasas has increased to 5,793. (AG Khan)
Malwa yields one more terrorist
Indore: NIA team arrested Manohar Ramsingh Lodha (30) resi-
dent of village Gurdakhedi (Hatod) employed on the muster roll of
Indore Municipal Corporation. A team of 12 persons comprising a
D.S.P., three inspectors and others arrived in the village and took
him to Hatod police station where his brother Tarachand was
called and asked to sign a few papers. Villagers protested against
such kind of arrest and lodged a written protest. He was produced
before a magistrate and asked for a transit remand for taking him
to Mumbai to be presented before the MCOCA court. It granted
three days remand and rejected the petition of relatives for a med-
ical test on the ground that it had already been conducted. He was
arrested on charge of involvement in Malegaon blast. Manohar
alias Bharat Singh is believed to be one of the recruits of Sunil
Joshi. His involvement was divulged by Dhansingh alias Swamiji
(arrested from Chitrakoot). Meanwhile, Rajendra Choudharis link
with Malegaon blasts has also been established by the NIA.
Hence, he will be produced before the MCOCA court on 3 January
for which a production warrant was issued by the Mumbai court.
Qazi arrested on conversion charge
Katni: Qazi Muhammad Naseem son of Muhammad Saeed (41)
was arrested by the Kotwali police for violating M. P. law on
Religious Freedom. The police station incharge D. L. Tiwari
apprised that on receiving the complaint from Avadhesh Sharma
(resident of Satna) on 1 Nov. 2012 that his daughter was forcefully
converted and married to 27 year old Zaki (of Satna) he was arrest-
ed. He was granted chance to produce witnesses for conducting
nikah as per rules. However, he could not produce witnesses hence
he was arrested.
C.B.I. may charge 5 Ayodhya mahants in Babri case
New Delhi: CBI, which is investigating the Babri Masjid demolition
case, may now implicate five mahants of Ayodhya also, along with
some leaders associated with RSS and will raise this issue in the
cases hearing on a date fixed by the Supreme Court after two
months. According to relevant sources, C.B.I. believes that there
are at least nine such leaders of Sangh against whom cases should
be dealt with in Lucknow, though cases against them are pending
in Rae Bareilly court where trial is going on for milder offences. The
nine Sangh leaders mentioned by CBI include 5 mahants also who
are Mahant Jagdish Muni, Mahant Avaidya Nath, Paramhans Ram
Chandra Das, Dharam Das and Mahant Naritya Gopal Das. CBI
wants their names to be included in the charge sheet and their trial
should be held in Lucknow. All the accused persons against whom
cases are filed under FIR No. 198/92 under different sections of
I.P.C., all of which concern spreading hatred between two commu-
nities, harming national harmony, making statements leading to
increased hatred, illegal assembly at one place etc. CBI from the
very beginning wanted, according to reliable sources, that names of
some high officials of sangh along with the five mahants should not
be removed from the charge sheet but after filing two charge sheets
in 1993, their names were removed after courts order. Very recent-
ly Supreme Court directed Rae Bareilly court that the case against
L. K. Advani along with 11 Sangh leaders be expedited.
Simultaneously, on CBIs plea that the 12 leaders should be charge
sheeted for hatching a criminal conspiracy, Supreme Court has
fixed a date after two months on which accusations against them
will be taken up for hearing. It is considered that on that date CBI
will plead that the case against them may be taken up for hearing in
Lucknow court.
Jamia Nagars first eye hospital
New Delhi: Jamia Nagar Okhlas first eye hospital, Makkah Eye
Hospital has been set up in this localitys Abul Fazal Enclave, just
near Jamat Islamis Al Shifa Multi Speciality Hospital. This eye
hospital is set up in cooperation with a Saudi lady Munira bint
Zaar bin Turki Aal Saud. According to the hospitals Director Ejaz
Hasan, the hospital is equipped with modern facilities and equip-
ments, experienced doctors and surgeons, pharmacy, operation
theatre, lazer technology, Japanese computerized equipments etc.
The entire hospital is airconditioned. The hospital was sponsored
by Saudi Arabias Al Basr International Foundation and inaugurat-
ed by Adil Al Rashood. Al Basr Foundations secretary general
Adil Abdul Aziz said while speaking on this occasion that since
there was no eye hospital in Jamia Nagar, this hospital will bene-
fit the people of this area. Among those present on this occasion
were the Foundations Executive Director Dr. Farid Al Yaqoot,
Asstt. Commissioner of Polie Data Ram, Jamia Nagar Thanas
SHO Pankaj Singh and representatives of all residents welfare
associations etc.
Darul Uloom Deobands history published in Hindi
Deoband: A 325-page book giving a complete history of Darul
Uloom, Deoband, spanning over a period of about 150 years has
been published in Hindi. Darul Ulooms complete history is
already available in Hindi on this institutions website. Now this
book is available in Hindi also for people who have no access to
the Internet. The book is compiled by Mufti Muhammadullah,
Incharge of Internet Department and translated into simple Hindi
by Prof. Sulaiman so that people are able to know about the
important role played by this institution and its illustrious ulamas
valuable services and sacrifices for the countrys freedom.
Mazharul Haq Uni. auditorium and buildings inaugurated
Patna: Bihars chief minister Nitish Kumar while inaugurating
Maulana Mazharul Haq Universitys auditorium, Ghulam Sarvar
Memorial Building and Abdul Qaiyyum Ansari Memorial Building
adjacent to Haj Bhavan on 22 December said that today
(22 December) is the birth day of Maulana Mazharul Haq and this
is a happy day for him. He said that four years ago the foundation
stones of these buildings, were laid. He had directed Chanchal
Kumar, secretary of Building Department to build a beautiful
Seminar Hall and other beautiful structures in consultation with,
and after seeking the views of, intellectuals because government
celebrates birthdays of great leaders and personalities like
Maulana Mazharul Haq, Ghulam Sarwar and Abdul Qaiyyum
Ansari so that on their birthday they could come here and pay trib-
utes to them by offering flowers. On this occasion he also said
that with finance minister P. Chidambarans statement in the Rajya
Sabha, there is a ray of hope that the central government will take
necessary steps to give Bihar the status of a special state for its
progress and development.
Maha govt orders building of Haj House in Aurangabad
Nagpur: Chief minister of Maharashtra, Prithvi Raj Chauhan has
issued an order for the construction of Haj House on the land
adjacent to Aurangabads Shahi Masjid and instructed higher gov-
ernment officials to complete all necessary formalities in this con-
nection within a month. It may be stated that Shiv Sena and other
communal parties since long had been opposing the construction
of Haj House on this land because of which unrest was prevailing
among Muslims of Marathwada. After the end of electioneering
campaign in Gujarat, states minister for minorities welfare, Arif
Naseem Khan had requested the chief minister to convene a high
level meeting for this purpose. Accordingly a meeting was con-
vened, chaired by the chief minister and attended, among others,
by cabinet ministers Arif Naseem Khan, Bala Sahab Thorat,
R. R. Patil, Rajinder Warda, (Mrs.) Fauzia Khan, Muslim MLAs and
MLCs M. M. Sheikh, Abdus Sattar Sheikh, Amin Patel etc. and
after discussing the matter, an order was issued by the chief min-
ister for the building of the Haj House.
Teachers beat Muslim boy to death
Bhopal: Aslam Ansari, a ten year old boy studying in government
primary school Patarkheda (Betul district), was beaten to death by
two teachers - Birju Kumar Sonaria and Vijay Ram Bhagat. The
child succumbed to his injuries in Hamidia Hospital Bhopal hav-
ing undergone treatment, at Nagpur. The guilty child had gone
to the teacher to report the fact that someone had broken the
school bucket. Inspite of his protestations that he did not break it
the teachers beat him mercilessly. Police have arrested Birju while
Bhagat is absconding.
Human Rights Cell set up in Jamia Millia
New Delhi: A Human Rights Cell has been constituted in Delhis
Jamia Millia Islamia for the protection and propagation of human
rights. Vice Chancellor Najeeb Jung has set up a core group to
formulate its scope, terms of reference and administrative set up.
The core group will be guided by the rules and principles as
enshrined in the Constitution and the group will work in consulta-
tion and with the advice of Jamia fraternity which will include stu-
dents, teachers and non-teaching staff along with official and
non-official human rights activists and experts or those persons
or groups who are interested or already working for the protection
of human rights. It may be stated that Jamia Millia University
already runs a Masters course in human rights studies under the
Department of Political Science. Members of this core group, stu-
dents etc. will participate in research activities and building data
base of all human rights violations in any part of the world. The
data base thus prepared will be made available to researchers in
this field in all countries and institutions of the world. The idea of
setting up this centre, as stated by Najeeb Jung himself, came to
his mind because of the fact that whereas human rights are being
violated in India as well as in many other countries, nowhere a
record of such violations is being kept. Hence a database or
archive of such human rights violations should be prepared for
research pusposes and also to take steps or frame a policy to pre-
vent or at least minimise such violations.
Pujaris deposit of Rs. 12 lakh returned after his death
Bhuj: Chaturji Mahakaliji, a 60-year-old pujari (caretaker of tem-
ple) of Matano Muth in Lakhtar village of Kutch district of Gujarat,
had kept an amount of Rs. 12 lakh with his friend Sultan Khwaja,
a businessman, a few years ago. The pujari committed suicide
recently. Since he had not left any suicide note nor had he any
close relative, the reason of suicide could not be known.
According to police, some people had told a policeman that the
pujari was living alone and for the past few days he looked wor-
ried. Once earlier too he had tried to commit suicide by immolat-
ing himself but due to peoples efforts he was saved. On that par-
ticular day he again set himself on fire by sprinkling kerosene on
himself in his room. When people came to know about it, it was
too late and he was already charred to death. When Sultan Khwaja
came to know about his death, he remembered the Rs. 12 lakh
kept with him as a trust and could not decide what to do about it.
He called a meeting of people of the village, revealed that Rs. 12
lakh was kept with him by the pujari. Khwaja returned the entire
amount to these people. While praising him for his honesty, peo-
ple unanimously decided that the amount will be spent on the wel-
fare work the pujari had been carrying on.
544 Kasturba schools approved for Muslim-concentrated dists
New Delhi: Union HRD minister of state Shashi Tharoor said in a
written reply to a question by Samajwadi Party M.P. Chaudhary
Munawwar Saleem in the Rajya Sabha on 14 december that the
government has approved the setting up of 544 Kastoorba Gandhi
schools for girls in 71 Muslim concentrated districts of the coun-
try. He said that in UPs 20 Muslim concentrated districts 219
such schools and in Bihars 7 such districts 102 K.G. Balika
schools have been approved. He further said that in Jammu &
Kashmir 69, in West Bengal 51, in Assam 34 and in Jharkhand 40
Kastoorba Gandhi Balika schools have been approved (in minori-
ty concentrated districts). In reply to another question by
Mahinder Singh Maahra, the minister said that no central school
is being run for the children of Tibetan refugees in India, though a
proposal to transfer schools already set up for the children of
Tibetan refugees which are under Central Tibetan Schools
Management to Central Tibetan Management is under considera-
tion of HRD ministry but no decision in this connection has so far
been taken.
Chhota Pakistan on electricity bills in Mumbai
Mumbai. Chhota or Little Pakistan is what a nondescript
grimy slum area in Nalla Sopara near Mumbai is called on
electricity bills generated by the Maharashtra State Electricity
Distribution company. This shocker came to light when locals
submitted these power bills as proof for unique identification
or Adhaar cards, being issued to all Indians. It hur ts us. We
are Hindustanis, not Pakistanis, says Haji Yakub, a local res-
ident. Another area here in Nalla Sopara which falls in Thane
District is called Laden Nagar - a reference perhaps to the
terrorist Osama Bin Laden. The electricity bill of Ramzan
Mohammad Hafiz, who resides in Sagar Welfare Society,
states his address as Laden Nagar. He says he has com-
plained several times, but with no results. The papers he sub-
mitted in 2007 for the electricity connection for his home show
his address as Laxmi Nagar - the actual name of the area. I
have friends in Maharashtra State Electricity Board (MSEB).
They laugh at me when I show them the bill, he says.
Mr Hafiz says there is a story why this patch between
Santosh Nagar and the Western Express highway came to be
called Chhota Pakistan. There used to be tension between
the builder mafia and the local police here. Thats why the
cops star ted calling it Chhota Pakistan, he says. Chaya Patil,
a local corporator, brought this shocking lapse of the electric-
ity depar tment to the attention of the collector. An electricity
bill is an official document. Who is responsible for these bills
that have Chhota Pakistan written in their address box? Why
brand the locality just because it is dominated by Muslims?
she says. Officials of the Maharashtra Electricity company -
Mahavitaran - have no answer for this.
Ahmedabad: Immediately after the declaration of poll results the
CBI sprang into action, to arrest five policemen. The eight per-
sons chargesheeted include the then Dy. S.P. Tarun Barot, J.G.
Parmar, G.H. Gohil, R.L. Mawani, constable Ajaypal Yadav and
Chhatra Singh Chudasma and two personnel from the crime
branch, the then P.I. Irshal Ali Syed and K.M. Waghela. The last
two have been arrested under non-bailable warrant. This has
generated a shock wave among the cops.
Syed managed to escape through the backdoor of his
house. However, he surrendered later on before the CBI court.
K.M. Waghela and Parmar were such reliable confidantes of D.G.
Vanzaara that he used to get the two also transferred whenever
he himself was transferred. Syed is reported to have confessed
that he fired six rounds in self defence at the time of the
encounter.
I.A. Syed lost lakhs of rupees in the two for one scam in which
he had invested his fortune.
It is believed that even the smartest criminal leaves some evi-
dence behind that provides clue for his arrest. Guj. police too left
several clues and it was easy to establish that the encounter was a
fake one. The pistol placed near Sadiqs corpse is of a different make
from which the cartridges found near his body No one can insert
them in the pistol of that bore. He was released on bail in November
2002 while the police claimed he was a suspected terrorist? Why
didnt police arrest him at Maninagar if he was charged of attending
Modis meeting for killing him? (AG Khan)
Sadiq Jamal encounter: five cops to be arrested
COMMUNITY NEWS The Milli Gazette, 16-31 January 2013 15 www.milligazette.com
Four decades of sufferings of the stranded
Pakistanis in Bangladesh
ABDUS SATTAR GHAZALI
December 16 marked the 41st anniversary of the breakup of
Pakistan when the eastern wing of the country emerged as
"Bangladesh" after an India-backed secessionist movement. The
occasion calls for highlighting the plight of about 250,000 so-
called "Biharis" or stranded Pakistanis still languishing in unsani-
tary camps in Bangladesh.
Who are the so-called "Biharis" or stranded Pakistanis?
In pre-Independence India, Biharis were an Urdu-speaking
Muslim minority in the Hindu dominated province of Bihar. In
1947, at the time of independence or partition, Biharis in large
numbers moved to what was then East Pakistan. When the civil
war broke out in East Pakistan, the Biharis, who consider them-
selves Pakistanis, sided with the Pakistan army which had
launched a bloody operation to suppress the rebellion of Bengalis.
More than one million Urdu-speaking Biharis (also called
stranded Pakistanis) were left behind as the Pakistani army and
civilians were evacuated since East Pakistan became an inde-
pendent state, Bangladesh. All properties belonging to non-
Bengalis were confiscated by an executive order of the interim
President of Bangladesh. At the same time, there were summary
executions by firing squads, mass decapitations, rape and muti-
lation. In the wake of revenge killings, they fled their homes and
sought sanctuary in some 166 Red Cross camps while awaiting
repatriation to Pakistan. By the end of 1972, there were over one
million displaced persons in these camps, which were so squalid
that one UN official declared in desperation that the site he had
visited could be described as nothing more than a concentration
camp.
In 1972, when the Bangladesh government offered citizen-
ship, an estimated 600,000 accepted it but over 500,000 persons
opted to repatriate to Pakistan. Those choosing relocation to
Pakistan anticipated that their move would be swift. They were
wrong. Despite an agreement signed by Bangladesh, India and
Pakistan to repatriate all these people to Pakistan, the government
of General Ziaul Haq issued an ordinance in March 1978 stripping
all Pakistanis left in Bangladesh after December 1971 of their
nationality, unilaterally, retroactively, arbitrarily and en masse.
Now they found themselves unwelcome in both countries.
Pakistani governments disowned these people on the grounds
that their entry into Pakistan would create great racial, linguistic
and ethnic problems in the country and Bangladesh scorned them
for having supported the enemy. At this time, there are at least
100 thousand of these people living in Pakistan who are not rec-
ognized as citizens of Pakistan.
Ironically, neither the UN nor the International Red Cross and
Crescent Society recognize these people in Bangladesh camps as
refugees. They have been denied the refugee status because they
are not considered displaced people. The United Nations High
Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has not addressed the
plight of the Biharis.
Promises of repatriation
In December 1973, International Committee of Red Cross com-
pleted registration of 539,669 persons who wanted to return to
Pakistan. In 2006, a report estimated that between 240,000 and
300,000 Biharis live in 66 crowded camps in Dhaka and 13 other
regions across Bangladesh.
India, Bangladesh and Pakistan signed an agreement in
August 1973 under which all those who opted for Pakistan were
to be repatriated. Following the New Delhi Tripartite agreement,
the first batch of 120,000 stranded Pakistanis was airlifted to
Pakistan in 1974.
In 1988, the Government of Pakistan signed an agreement
with the Muslim World League of Mecca establishing a Trust
called "Rabita Trust Fund" to arrange repatriation and rehabilitation
of all the stranded Pakistanis from Bangladesh. The Trust was
active until 1998.
After a wait of about two decades, in January 1993 when
Pakistan repatriated the first batch of 300 Biharis from
Bangladesh, they were far from universally welcome. Native
Sindhis, championed by the Pakistan People's Party, opposed
their settlement in their province. The process of repatriation has
been stopped since 1993.
A ray of hope had emerged when in 2002 during his visit to
Bangladesh, the then President of Pakistan Pervez Musharraf
assured the representatives of the stranded Pakistanis to resolve
this matter on priority basis. However, despite several assurances
from different prime ministers of Pakistan the matter is still unre-
solved.
On May 19, 2008, the Dhaka High Court granted right of
Bangladeshi citizenship to the second generation of Biharis who
were born in the camps. The court held that any Urdu-speaker
(Bihari) born in Bangladesh, or whose father or grandfather was
born in Bangladesh, and who was a permanent resident in 1971
or who has permanently resided in Bangladesh since 1971 is a
citizen "by operation of law." Persons who affirm or acknowledge
allegiance to a foreign state (such as Pakistan) may be disquali-
fied, however. The court directed the Bangladesh Election
Commission (BEC) to enroll majority age Urdu-speakers who
wish to be registered and to issue them national identity cards
(IDs) "without any further delay." Between 70-80% of all Urdu-
speakers registered and received their national identity docu-
ments. Among those who failed to register were those who still
entertained a wish to be repatriated to Pakistan.
Continued Misery in the Camps
Despite recent progress in voter and ID registration, 41 years of
non-recognition has left around 200,000 Urdu-speaking people
living in abject poverty and vulnerable to discrimination.
The camps where these stranded people have been living for
almost four decades are classic examples of subhuman living that
is hardly any different from ani-
mal life. Dingy and stinky atmos-
phere, merger of both water and
sewerage lines, lack of latrines
and clean water are constant
threats to health.
Malnutrition of children in the
absence of proper food and med-
icines threatens their physical
growth on one hand and the
absence of education turns them
into a dark generation on the
other.
Each family has been given
one room - 6 feet by 6 feet. But
who wants to know that these
families have grown in size over
the years. Sometimes, 10 people
live in one room, spanning three
generations.
Wars and conflicts have displaced millions of people around
the world, but those who flee such conflicts normally receive
international attention and media coverage. Internecine fighting
among Afghan groups or conflicts in the Horn of Africa have
drawn world reaction with aid agencies and UNHCR scrambling
to help them. In the case of the stranded Pakistanis, nobody has
bothered to help alleviate their sufferings.
In due course most of the people of Pakistan also forgot these
stranded Pakistanis who were being projected as patriots during
the 1971 war and its immediate aftermath. These "patriots" of
1971 are now considered "pariahs" by Pakistan that has stopped
owning them as it fears that, on migration, they would settle in
Sindh province and join the ethnic political ranks of Mohajirs (the
Urdu-speaking people who migrated from India to Pakistan after
independence in 1947). The stranded Pakistanis or Biharis are
trapped between the conflicting histories and ideologies of the
Subcontinent.
Pakistan's refusal to accept these stranded Pakistanis delegit-
imizes the 'Two Nation Theory' (that Muslims and Hindus in
Colonial India were separate nations) on the basis of which Indian
subcontinent was divided into India and Pakistan. But Biharis do
pose a challenge to the concept of Pakistan, for if Pakistan is
unwilling to accept the very people for whom it was created, then
its own raison d'etre vanishes, according to Altaf Hussain, leader
of the Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM), a ruling coalition party
of Pakistan.
Abdus Sattar Ghazali, the author of Islamic Pakistan: Illusions &
Reality, is the Chief Editor of the Journal of America (www.jour-
nalofamerica.net) and Executive Editor of the American Muslim
Perspective: www.amperspective.com email:
asghazali2011 @ gmail.com
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16 The Milli Gazette, 16-31 January 2013 INTERNATIONAL www.milligazette.com
United States tops
in women rapes
Last month, India was scene of huge demon-
strations in New Delhi and other Indian cities
provoked by the brutal gangraped by six men
of Damini, a 23-year-old physiothrapy stu-
dent on a moving bus in India's capital city of
New Delhi. Similar protests you will never
see in the United States which is more pre-
occupied liberating women in Muslim-major-
ity nations by invading and occupying them.
According to Indian government esti-
mates, a woman is raped in India every 20
minutes. However, independent women
rights NGOs believe rape incident are much
higher than that. In New Delhi, known as the
"rape capital of India", the incidents of rape
rose from 572 in 2011 to 661 by the end of
2012. Of the 256,329 incidents of violent
crime repor ted in 2011, nearly 228,650 (or
90%) were committed against women.
Some people could blame Hindu religion
for such violent acts against women which
like in Judaism, are believed to be created
only to serve the male gender. The Hindu
caste system also play its racist par t behind
these heinous crimes. Damini, who did not
belong to the lowest Hindu caste (Dalit) is
being exploited for political reasons to some
extent. "Sexual violence is suffered by Dalit
women systematically as a means of pun-
ishment, control and dominance by men of
higher castes," says Shenali Waduge.
In the United States where it's customary
to have sexual relationship between the
opposite and same genders from an early
age - tops the rape char t according to gov-
ernment estimates followed by Africa and
India.
In 2010 study conducted by the Center
for Disease Control and Prevention stated
that 1.27 million American women were
raped - equivalent to one woman every 29
seconds - and 5.1 million were stalked -
equivalent to one woman every 7 seconds.
According to National Intimate Par tner
and Sexual Violence Survey 2010 ; 18.3 % of
women in the United States have survived a
completed or attempted rape. Of these,
12.3% were younger than age 12 when they
were first raped, and 29.9% were between
the ages of 11 and 17.
In Israel with its capital Tel Aviv home to
280 Jewish brothels, rape is applied as a
racism tool against the non-Jewish popula-
tion, Native Palestinians and Sudanese and
Eritrean refugees. Israel's Authority for the
Advancement of the Status of Women, 4,406
rape cases were repor ted in 2011, 78% of
them by the women themselves - about 12
repor ted incidents per day.
Punishment for rape, proven in a reli-
gious cour t of law, is death in all three
Abrahamic religions. However, the definition
of rape victim varies in Deuteronomy (Bible)
and Islamic Shari'ah. In Bible, rape is consid-
ered a major crime only if a man rapes a
married woman - punishable with death.
However, if the victim happens to be an
unmarried woman - both are forced to marry
each other.
Biharis in Bangladesh
CHARITY ALLIANCE, with the active support of MG and like-minded people, is helping the victims of starvation in Murshidabad since
April 2005. More tasks are being undertaken in some of the most deserving areas and most backward sections of our community. This
charitable trust is channelising this long-felt effort. Almost every paisa is reaching the deserving people as MG is providing office and
administrative facilities free of cost as well as free advertising space, and the trustees are barred by the trust deed from receiving any
remuneration for their work and time.
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to Charity Alliance. Individuals are welcome to pay cash in our office or send M.O. If you want to contribute through credit card or
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See www.charityalliance.in for detailed reports on our work.
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The myth of the murderous Muslim - i
HAROON MOGHUL
Muslims are subversive jihadists. The Middle East is perpetually
unstable. "Islam has bloody borders." If you've already made up
your mind, you'll find a way to twist the facts to support your con-
clusion. And if the facts don't do the job, you can always hire new
ones. In the last year, American anti-Muslim hate groups have
increased threefold. As playwright Wajahat Ali and others have
found, the farther we move away from the September 11 terrorist
attacks, the worse discrimination, prejudice and violence against
Muslims become. There's a simple enough reason for this:
Islamophobia has become an industry. In the absence of alterna-
tive narratives, which can make sense of Muslim extremism,
place it into context and guide American domestic and foreign pol-
icy, we are stuck with the voices we have - too often, these have
been unqualified and uninformed. It will take us a long time to get
past the damage done by years of well-funded Islamophobes,
who have dominated the media landscape (finally answering, inci-
dentally, why it is that "Muslims don't do more to condemn terror-
ism" - nobody was listening). But the resistance to bigotry has
already begun and has already scored a number of successes.
There is only so long, after all, you can lie to people.The boy who
cried Islamist
Islamophobia promotes a racialised view of Islam, viewing
Arabs and Middle Easterners and Muslims generally as one inter-
changeable, subversive, homogenous mass; the actions of the
few represent the intentions and aspirations of the whole. Thus we
were led to believe there could be a plausible connection between
bin Laden and Saddam. The resulting cost in American lives,
treasure and credibility, is hard to quantify. This is Islamophobia's
fruit: poisonous policies. For reasons of strategic shortsighted-
ness alone, Islamophobia would be discredited soon enough. But
there's another reason: Islamophobia doesn't correspond to reali-
ty. The more likely an American is to know a Muslim, the more
likely she is to have a positive view of Islam. Exposure undermines
prejudice. That is, meeting real Muslims pushes aside the media
narrative that is so pernicious and harmful. Why? Because much
of what Islamophobia peddles is hyperbolic, fanciful, or meaning-
less. Let's see how Islamophobia does its damage. The value
extends beyond anti-Muslim bigotry, by the way. The same type
of "reasoning" is employed by all bigotries - radical Muslim voic-
es, who require a conflict between a homogenous West and an
ideally homogenous Islam, make the same types of arguments,
often down to the disturbing details. But then it shouldn't be any
surprise that extremisms are broadly similar, or that they need to
see opposites in the world, for their own identities to take root and
thrive.
A lie told often enough feels true
Consider this interview from The New York Times, in which a
prominent anti-Muslim voice makes the following remark: Why
isn't it a shrine dedicated to the victims of 9/11 or the 270 million
victims of over a millennium of jihadi wars, land appropriations,
cultural annihilations and enslavements?
The woman behind these words, who I have no interest in
naming (I don't want to give her any more attention than she
already has), used to be a regular on Fox News, but has lost even
that perch. Her extremism was too extreme. (Indeed, one of the
best ways to fight Islamophobia is to give the bigots a microphone
and let them keep talking. Their disturbing rhetoric will soon
unsettle the overwhelming majority of people, who recoil from
such extremism.)
But let's spend a moment to reflect on this allegation; namely,
that "270 million" are victims of a homogenous jihadi juggernaut.
It is certainly an amazingly precise claim. It is often frequently
repeated - Islamophobia resembles nothing if not an echo cham-
ber of incorrectness. In the months since, I've encountered many
anti-Muslim voices repeat or inflate this number. Most recently,
I've been challenged to explain the "300 million" killed by "jihad".
Even if we stick with the lower number, I can tell you that this
number was probably pulled out of thin air. (Even if it wasn't, as I
will show, it doesn't matter.) But for the sake of argument, let's
take this claim seriously. Namely, that "Muslims" killed some-
where between two or three hundred million. Can that be possi-
ble? Where does this number come from? Does it reveal a unique-
ly and dangerously recurrent Islamic aptitude for mass violence?
In short, no, out of nowhere, and no.
1,000 years of jihad
First, I think, it'd make sense to choose a time period. We're told
there were 1,000 years of jihad, although to be fair, elsewhere the
same person described millions of years of jihad, but this is a
thought exercise. I imagine she means the period from roughly
600 to 1600 AD, which covers the time when Muslim states were
generally not (as was subsequently true) on the receiving end of
colonial conquest.
When Islam emerged in western Arabia, around 610 AD, the
total population of the world was likely between 300 and 400 mil-
lion. Fast forward to right past our period. The United Nations
Census Report suggests that the world's total population in the
year 1800 was 1 billion; since then, of course, it has shot up to
some seven billion.
At that point, the world's largest Muslim population, which
would be located in South Asia, was almost entirely under British
rule. (In 1947, the population of the Indian subcontinent was
under 350 million.) We are being asked to believe that jihadis
killed, by the year 1600, more people than lived in South Asia in
the year 1600. Keep in mind that India is one of the most dense-
ly populated parts of the planet and has long been a centre of
world culture and civilisation.
How did Muslims kill so many people?
India, or properly most of northern India, was under Muslim rule
from 1200 to 1800. By the Islamophobe's logic, millions of these
Indians should have been slaughtered. But by whom? Muslims
were never more than a minority and Islam was never imposed by
force. The proof for this is in the geography - the capitals of
Muslim India rotated between cities like Delhi and Agra, but con-
version proceeded most widely on the fringes of these empires, in
what is now Pakistan and Bangladesh. This is like saying the
Roman Empire imposed Christianity and Christian populations
were found farthest from the centre of imperial power.
Fur ther, under Muslim rule, India became increasingly
wealthy. (The same happened, by the way, in Muslim Spain, as
Arab rule brought with it an agricultural revolution and an urbanis-
ing boom.) How was India becoming increasingly wealthy while
its Muslim rulers were slaughtering Indians left, right and centre?
How were they able to cause so much damage, for so long, with-
out being overthrown? Muslims never enjoyed the kind of decisive
advantage in military technology the West enjoyed after 1800.
And the organisation of Muslim India gives the lie to the entire edi-
fice of eternal jihadism.
The capital of the world
We often look to the Ottomans as the world's most powerful pre-
modern Muslim dynasty. But the Mughals, rulers of much of
South Asia, ruled over far more people and were far wealthier -
compare Istanbul's monuments to the Taj Mahal and you'll see
what I mean. There is however one thing both empires had in
common: both ruled over majority non-Muslim populations.
Under the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, who built the Taj Mahal,
some 30 percent of this Muslim dynasty's nobility were not
Muslim, a proportion that had risen to 50 percent in the reign of
his son Aurangzeb (1658-1707). By nobility, I mean those individ-
uals given land and status based on their ability to muster troops
to defend and expand the realm. If Islam was perpetual jihadism,
why would so many non-Muslims join in - and be allowed to join
in? If Muslims were savages bent on perpetual terror, by what
moronic logic would they arm their enemies, teach them to fight
and incorporate them into their armies? What would we make of
the fact that the greatest threat to late 17th century Mughal rule
was the remarkable rebellion of a Hindu king named Shivaji, who
was finally captured and defeated by the Mughals' senior most
general, whose name was Jai Singh - he, too, was not a Muslim.
Somewhere jihadis are killing everyone they come across, more
or less, but still Muslim dynasties remain in power, their wealth
increases, the urbanisation of their population increases and they
leave behind magnificent public and private structures, which
suggests they had quite a bit of free time. When the Ottoman
Empire finally collapsed at the end of World War I, its capital, then
called Constantinople, was over 50 percent non-Muslim. This is
not to suggest the Ottomans were liberal democrats. But it also
suggests they were remarkably tolerant for their time. Probably no
other city in Europe was so diverse. And we're not even talking
about most of the planet.
Muslims aren't everywhere
Many of the territories conquered, ruled or dominated by Muslims,
such as Central Asia, North Africa and Arabia were comparative-
ly empty. Muslim dynasties never touched the Americas, Australia
or East Asia; the last of these undoubtedly held a significant per-
centage of the world's population throughout the last 1,000 years
plus. So Muslims, who ruled over vast desert spaces and many
sparsely populated areas of the world, still killed something of the
equivalent of one-quarter of the world's population in 1800. When
the first Mughal emperor Babur conquered north India - from
another Muslim dynasty, I might add - his army is estimated to
number around 10,000; his opponent's army is estimated at sev-
eral times than that.
Is it conceivable that Muslim empires, such as the Umayyads,
Ottomans and Mughals, who ruled over majority non-Muslim pop-
ulations, could have contributed to the killing of huge percentages
of the world's population while staying in power for centuries?
How would they, as minorities, have been capable of sustained
carnage for decades at a time? When did they get the time to build
huge public works projects, establish towns, rebuild cities, fund
wells, hospitals, mosques, pools and fountains?
What technological advantage did they have that made them
so superior to their enemies that they could sustain such a bloody
and vicious record - for 1,000 years? The Mongols exploded out
into the world and caused horrific damage, but they managed that
for only a few centuries and left nothing of the kind of legacy the
great Muslim empires did. Indeed, the Mongols ended up adopt-
ing the religion of the peoples they conquered, whereas the
reverse happened early in the Muslim period.
To be continued in the next issue
INTERNATIONAL The Milli Gazette, 16-31 January 2013 17 www.milligazette.com
Islamophobia promotes a racialised view of Islam, viewing Arabs and Middle Easterners
and Muslims generally as one interchangeable, subversive, homogenous mass; the actions of
the few represent the intentions and aspirations of the whole. Thus we were led to believe
there could be a plausible connection between bin Laden and Saddam.
KARAMATULLAH K. GHORI
K_K_ghori@yahoo.com
When the people Syria star ted
demanding, in March 2011, from their
dictatorial regime what their Egyptian
brothers were close to wresting from
their rulers, nobody expected their
struggle to drag out as long it already
has. By the same token, nobody antici-
pated that the autocracy led by Bashar
Al-Assad, would resist being toppled for
so long, and do it with such resilience.
Close to the threshold of completing two years-and showing
every sign that it will drag on for much longer than any political
pundit would dare give a timeline to it-the crisis is rapidly degen-
erating into a full-blown civil war. It not only pitches the rebels
against a regime with its feet still firmly planted, but it's also drag-
ging in Syria's myriad ethnic and religious factions into a bloody
conflict against each other.
On January 2, the first working day for much of the world after
the hull-hoop of the New Year, the UN High Commissioner for
Human Rights, NaviPillay, issued a grim, very bleak, picture of the
human toll that this civil war has already exacted from the people
of Syria.
The UN issued a figure of at least 60,000 Syrians already
killed in the 22-month old crisis. The UN estimate of human toll is,
however, 25 percent higher than the casualty figure of 45,000
issued, almost concurrently, by the Britain-based Syrian
Observatory for Human Rights. Some other groups also active in
the field have released their own figures, which are close to the
estimate of 45,000.
Without delving into the debate which of the estimates is clos-
er to reality and which is exaggerated or inflated, what remain
irrefutable is the fact of a grave human tragedy unfolding itself, in
all its gory details, in the ongoing Syrian crisis, or civil war, as
most of the world is prone to describing it.
While releasing the UN Human Rights Commission's compiled
figures of casualties, Pillay pilloried not only the Syrian regime for
its cruelty and barbarity but also the international community for
its apparent failure to stem the rot in Syria. She lamented that "the
number of casualties is much higher than we expected, and is
truly shocking."
But she was much harsher in castigating the international
community's helplessness, saying "the failure of the international
community, in particular the Security Council, to take concrete
actions to stop the bloodletting shames us allcollectively, we
have fiddled at the edges while Syria burns."
Of course the Security Council has been reduced to a pitiful,
if not laughable, debating club because of the poles-apart posi-
tions of its permanent members, two fo which, Russia and China,
aren't prepared to allow the other three-U.S., Britain and France-
the free hand that had enabled them to dictate terms on the Libyan
crisis.
Russia, in particular, is not ready, at least not yet despite enor-
mous western pressure, to sacrifice its decades-old alliance with
Syria for the sake of accommodating the wishes of the western
powers. Russia has vital stakes in the stability of the Assad regime
and doesn't feel the heat, yet, to bargain with the western powers
on those stakes.
In an ironic twist of fortunes, Russia is paying back the U.S.
in its own coins. Which student or pundit of international relations
is not aware of the impunity Israel has consistently enjoyed over
the past 4 decades at the Security Council in the guise of the
freely, in fact abundantly, used U.S. veto power to reduce the
Council to impotence in dealing with flagrant Israeli excesses
against the Palestinians. Now that the boot is on the other leg,
Washington has been complaining loudly about Russian veto for
being the major barrier in the way of making the Bashar regime
accountable for its excesses.
But it's hypocritical for the western powers to pretend that
they are mere innocent and helpless bystanders watching the
worsening crisis in Syria from the sidelines while Russia is play-
ing the villain at the UN.
Western support-both covert and overt-to the Free Syrian
Army fighting the Bashar regime is an open 'secret.' The cat has
been out of the bag for a fairly long time.
It's not only that U.S., Britain and France-and several smaller
European countries at their behest-have recognised the rebels
resisting the Syrian regime as the 'only legitimate' government
representing the Syrian people. U.S. has stationed Scud missile
batteries in Turkey-a NATO ally and the main theatre of support for
the Syrian renegades. The rebel soldiers are being trained, with
hardly any effort to disguise the fact, in Turkey. Some of the
instructors, according to some unconfirmed reports (such reports
are hardly ever 'confirmed') are Israelis because they are said to
have greater expertise on the Syrian army still loyal to the regime.
In an obvious reprise of the first Gulf War, of 1990-91, U.S.
has muscled in its influence over the rich and affluent oil-produc-
ing states of the Gulf, to come up with petro-dollars to bankroll the
arming of the Syrian rebels. In the Gulf War the Saudi and Kuwaiti
money had been used, generously, to bankroll the U.S. fighting
machine against Saddam Husain's Iraq. Now Saudi Arabia and
Qatar-both scared of the Arab Spring reaching their shores and
knocking at their sturdily-closed doors-are being prevailed upon to
come up with munificent financial resources to keep the Syrian
rebels well-equipped and well-supplied.
However, for Saudi Arabia and Qatar the western persuasion
or pressure is not the only reason for getting involved so much
and so actively in the Syrian crisis. Quietly abetted by their other
partners in the Gulf Co-operation Council (GCC), who have over-
flowing treasuries of their own to bestow patronage on the Syrian
rebels, Saudi Arabia and Qatar have another major concern dictat-
ing their partaking of the Syrian civil war an becoming partisans
of the forces arrayed against the Assad regime. The major card
they are wielding in the crisis is sectarian, and that, more than any
other factor, makes their messy involvement so much potentially
lethal.
The Saudis, in particular, have a big axe to grind in the ongo-
ing Syrian conflict .As is already well-known, it was their interven-
tion with military force in tiny Bahrain, located within hailing dis-
tance, that broke the back of the popular insurgency there against
the minority elite ruling the place. The Saudis felt no remorse or
compunction intervening so robustly in Bahrain because of their
dreaded concern that the majority Shiites of Bahrain may come to
power.
A Shiite regime in Bahrain is anathema to Saudi Arabia not
only because of its potential fallout on its own eastern sea-board,
with its majority Shiite population, but also in the larger-and from
their perspective sinister-context of Iranian influence coming in
tow behind it.
The Saudi-Iranian rivalry in the Gulf and the larger geographi-
cal expanse of the Levant or the Fertile Crescent (Turkey, Syria and
Iraq) is a fact of our times. It's a tussle for political influence but
it's also, as much, a rivalry with its roots in their sectarian moor-
ings. A Wahabi Saudi Arabia and a Shiite Iran are the twain that
hold little promise , or prospect, of ever coming to terms and
agree to co-exist peacefully.
The Saudi activism in Syria has been fueled, in large sub-
stance, by the endemic rivalry between Saudi Arabia and Iran for
political influence and brinkmanship. Iran has been friends with
the Syrian regime ever since the Islamic Revolution of 1979. Syria
was the only Arab country to stand by the Iranians when they
were locked in a nihilistic tussle against Saddam's Iraq in the Iran-
Iraq War of 1980-88. The Saudis think they have the upper hand,
now, to avenge Syria for its support for Iran against a fellow
Araband also exact a price from Iran in the process.
So, as far as bleeding the Assad regime and cutting off its old
ties with a pariah Iran is concerned, the Saudis and the
Americans-as well as other European countries-are on the same
page. Chopping off the Syrian connection would starve Iran of get-
ting money and weapons to Hizbollah, in Lebanon. That's a
prospect strong enough to cheer up U.S. and its principal surro-
gate in the region, Israel-and, of course, the Europeans used to
signing on the dotted lines of U.S. and Israel.
But the policy ploy being pursued by the Saudis, the Qataris-
and for that matter by all other affluent and autocratic Gulf regimes
threatened by the winds blowing in from the Arab Spring-is a dou-
ble-edged sword which may, in the long run, cut today's swords-
men more incisively and lethally than their intended quarries,
today.
The Gulf potentates are being just nave, and short-sighted by
cutting their nose in order to spite Iran.
In the short run their mindless bankrolling of the insurgency
against Bashar Al Assad may give them some tactical advantage.
However, in terms of strategy it's a self-defeating and palpably
nave course. Even if Iran is temporarily halted in its tracks-and the
Assad regime is toppled-what new situation is spawned from the
ashes of the uprising may turn out to be a hydra-headed monster
belching fire in so many different directions.
The Saudis and the Qataris-and others of their ilk-are arming
those radical Jihadists that may turn against their benefactors
once they are done in Syria, because their long-term agenda
seeks to topple all their benefactors, too, whom they regard as
much antithetical to their extremist philosophy as the Assad
regime in Syria. The bankrollers may, eventually have to rue their
myopic policy because what it would net them, at best, is a
pyrrhic victory.
The unfolding situation from the rich Arab states' sponsorship
of the Jihadi groups in Syria has already become a headache for
the Americans and their western allies anxious to get done with
the Assad regime. The most radical and daring group among
these Jihadis-Al Ansar, as they describe themselves-is venal in the
western eyes. Washington has declared them as a terrorist group.
That, however, makes no difference to the battle-hardened fight-
ers, many of whom have seen action in Afghanistan, Chechnya
and Somalia.
The induction of radical Jihadis into the fracas is alsosplinter-
ing the opposition to Assad itself. Al-Ansar doesn't recognise the
authority of the Turkey-based Syrian National Council; nor does it
accept the command of the Free Syrian Army. They are a force to
themselves and follow their own deadly methods-slitting throats
of their victims, for instance---to realise their goals.
But the Jihadi rowdy and radical elements-with the news of
their barbaric tactics and cruel practices travelling far and wide-
are becoming a welcome boon to the Assad regime, because
Syrian minorities, seeing what may await them if the radical hot-
headed Jihadis get to political power, are all rallying round the
regime for protection and survival.
Superimposed on Syria's mind-boggling tapestry of myriad
ethnic and sectarian minorities-Christians, Druse, Kurds, Alawites
et al-the Jihadi element is not only spinning out of control of its fin-
anciers and minders but effectively leading the deadly conflict into
a blind alley of sectarian struggle.
It's a complete deadlock on the political front, where forces
outside Syria can't agree on any peace formula to lend directions
for a negotiated end of the festering crisis. The UN negotiator,
LakhdarIbrahimi, has been able to offer nothing better than the
hazy blueprint of a step-by-step plan of elections-parliamentary
and presidential, not necessarily in that order-to seek light at the
end of the tunnel. However, his plan is silent on what role, if any,
Bashar Al Assad may have in it. The Syrian opposition doesn't
want any role for him. In fact, they are insisting on his exit as a
necessary pre-condition for any political solution.
A dead-end, in the political sphere and a complete stalemate
on the military front is what best describes the festering and
increasingly bloody conflict. Neither side seems to be in a position
to knock out the other. But the cost in terms of human toll is
mounting by the day, along with a worsening sectarian and ethnic
scenario in which every group is scared of others and their agen-
das. Syria is becoming the proverbial riddle wrapped in an enigma
for all concerned.
Crisis in Syria is Morphing
into a Sectarian Conflict
The Saudi-Iranian rivalry in the Gulf and the larger geographical expanse of the
Levant or the Fertile Crescent (Turkey, Syria and Iraq) is a fact of our times. It's a tussle
for political influence but it's also, as much, a rivalry with its roots in their sectarian
moorings. A Wahabi Saudi Arabia and a Shiite Iran are the twain that hold little promise,
or prospect, of ever coming to terms and agree to co-exist peacefully.
18 The Milli Gazette, 16-31 January 2013 INTERNATIONAL www.milligazette.com
Israel Will Cease to Exist
Within the Decade: Adviser
to Egyptian President
Essam al-Erian says all those who occupied Palestine
'will have to return to their homelands,' including Egypt
A senior Egyptian official who also serves as an adviser to
President Mohammed Morsi on 1 January expressed the
opinion that Israel would not be around in 10 years.
The remark by Essam al-Erian, the deputy head of the
Muslim Brotherhood's Freedom and Justice Party, was an
attempt to explain a previous statement to the effect that
Jews who once lived in Egypt should return to their home
country and leave Israel to the Palestinians.
"There are people in Palestine who occupied it, and
those occupiers have previous homelands," Erian wrote on
his Facebook page. The quotes were cited by the London-
based pan-Arab daily A-Sharq Al-Awsat. Israel, he said
would cease to exist within the next decade.
"There won't be a thing called Israel anymore; only
Palestine, and it'll contain Jews, Muslims, Christians and
Druze, and all of the people who lived there to begin with,"
he said. "Anyone who wants to stay will stay as a
Palestinian citizen," he wrote. Thus, he explained, "all of
those who occupied it" - including Jewish former residents
of Egypt - "will have to return to their homelands."
On 30 December last year, Erian said during a televi-
sion interview that "Jews [in Israel] of Egyptian origin
should refuse to live under a brutal, bloody and racist
occupation stained with war crimes against humanity." He
questioned why former Egyptian president Gamal Abdel
Nasser expelled the Jews from Egypt in the first place.
(Times of Israel)
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JAAFAR SHEIKH IDRIS
Moral values, such as honesty, trustworthiness,
justice and chastity, are originally innate values
which Allah planted in the hearts of mankind;
then He sent His messengers with a system of
life in accord with this innate disposition to
affirm it.
So set your face toward the religion, as one
by nature upright; the instinctive (nature) which
Allah has planted in mankind. There is no alter-
ing (the laws) of Allahs creation. That is the right
religion but most people know not. [Surat Ar-
Rum: 30].
A believer adheres to these moral values
because his nature, fortified by faith, induces
him to do so, and because the religion he
believes in commands him with them and prom-
ises him a reward for them in the Hereafter.
Secularism, on the other hand, even in its
less virulent form that satisfies itself with remov-
ing religion from political life, rejecting it and the
innate values as a basis for legislation, under-
mines the two foundations for moral values in
the hearts of mankind. As for secularism in its
extreme atheistic form, it completely demolishes
these two foundations and replaces them with
human whims, either the whims of a few rulers
in dictatorial systems or the whims of the major-
ity in democratic systems.
Have you seen the one who has taken his
own desire as his god? Would you then be a
guardian over him? [Al- Furqan: 43].
Since whims and desires are by their nature
constantly changing, the values and behaviours
based on them are also mutable. What is consid-
ered today to be a crime, punishable by law with
the severest of penalties, and causes its practi-
tioners to be deprived of certain rights granted to
others, becomes permissible tomorrow, or even
praiseworthy, and the one who objects to it
becomes politically incorrect. This shift from
one point of view to its opposite, as a result of
societys estrangement from innate religious val-
ues, is a frequent occurrence. However ignorant
a traditional society may be, it, or many of its
members, will maintain some innate values; but
the further a society penetrates into secularism,
the fewer such individuals will become, and the
more marginal their influence will be, until the
society collectively rebels against those same
innate religious values it used to uphold. There
may be another reason for some traditional Jahili
cultures to maintain innate religious values: they
might appeal to their desires, or they represent
their heritage and do not conflict with their
desires.
And when they are called to Allah and His
Messenger to judge between them, Lo! a party
of them refuse and turn away. But if the right is
with them they come to Him willingly. [Al-Nur:
48-49].
Their relationship with truth is similar to
Satans, as described by the Prophet (pbuh) to
Abu Hurairah, whom Satan had advised to recite
Ayat al-Kursi when going to bed: He told you
the truth, even though he is an inveterate liar.
Contemporary Western, secular societies
are the clearest examples of the shifting, self-
contradictory nature of jahili civilization. From
one angle it views culture and the values it rests
upon as a relative, variable phenomenon.
However, from another angle it characterizes
some values as human values, views their viola-
tion as shocking, and punishes their violators
severely. The sources of this problem are two
fundamental principles which democratic secu-
lar societies rely upon.
The first is majority rule as a standard for
right and wrong in speech and behaviour; the
second is the principle of individual freedom.
These two principles will necessarily conflict
with each other if they are not subordinated to
another principle that will judge between them.
Secularism, by its very nature, rejects reli-
gion, and in its Western form it does not consid-
er fitrah (innate nature of Mankind) a criterion for
what is beneficial or harmful for humanity. It has
no alternative but to make these two principles
an absolute standard for what behaviour is per-
missible and appropriate, and what isnt. The
contradiction and conflict between these two
principles is showing itself plainly in some of the
current hot issues in these societies.
Those who advocate the acceptance of
homosexuality and the granting to avowed
homosexuals equal rights and opportunities in
every aspect of life, including military service,
base their argument on the principle of individual
rights. They see no one as having the right to
concern themselves with what they call their
sexual orientation. The same argument is
made by supporters of abortion. You frequently
hear them say incredulously, How can I be pro-
hibited from freedom of choice in my own affairs
and over my own body? What right do legal
authorities have to involve themselves in such
personal matters? The only argument their
opponents can muster is that this behaviour
contradicts the values held by the majority of the
population. Even though the basis for many peo-
ples opposition to abortion is moral or religious,
they cant come out and say so openly, nor can
they employ religious or moral arguments, since
secular society finds neither of them acceptable.
If we accept that there is no basis for values
except individual or majority opinion, and that it
is therefore possible for all values to change
from one era to another, and from one society to
another, this means there is no connection
between values and what will benefit or harm
people in their material and spiritual lives, which
in turn means that all values are equally valid and
it doesnt matter which values a given society
accepts or rejects. However, this means that all
behaviour considered abhorrent by secular soci-
eties today, such as sexual molestation of chil-
dren and rape of women for which it has serious
penalties, are considered repulsive only because
of current inclination, which might change
tomorrow, so cer tain serious crimes may
become acceptable, based on the principle of
individual freedom.
The reason a secularist is confused when
posed with certain questions is that his repug-
nance toward such crimes is not really based on
these two principles, which have become the
only accepted bases for argument in societies
dominated by secularism. The real reason for it
is the remnants of the moral feelings he still pos-
sesses from the original nature with which Allah
endowed him, and which linger on in spite of his
belief in secularism. Perhaps the confusion of
the secularist would increase if he were asked
for what reason he had given such precedence
to these democratic values, until he made them
the standard by which all other values and
behaviours are judged. If he says his reverence
for them is based merely on current personal
preference and inclination, or on cultural chau-
vinism, he will have no reply to one who oppos-
es him on the basis of his contradictory person-
al preferences, or because the norms of his
society differ from those of the other.
The flimsy foundation of values in secular
societies makes them liable to turn at any time
against all the values they currently hold dear. It
also paves the way for them to descend to their
practices of the occupation and colonization of
weaker nations. There is nothing to make them
refrain from doing so, once one of them stands
up and announces that there is a nationalist ben-
efit to be gained by it and a large number of fel-
low citizens believe him. His policy proposal
becomes official policy, based on the standard
of majority approval.
It is, however, as you can see, an approval
based on nothing more than greed at the cost of
others who happen to be weak. This has been
the justification for every transgression in histo-
ry. In fact, it is the basis on which any animal
attacks another.
P
ersonal freedom and majority rule are not,
then, the fundamental values on which secu-
lar culture is based. That is because freedom
entails choice, but it is not the criterion for that
choice. I mean that whoever is given the free-
dom to choose needs a standard that he can use
as the criterion for his choice. Likewise, majori-
ty opinion is not itself the standard; it is merely
the result of many individual choices made on
the basis of some standard. So what is the basis
for the choices of a free individual and a free
society in the secular system? It is, without the
slightest doubt, those whims and desires which
have taken the place of the real Deity. (Manar As-
Sabeel V4, No. 3/4 -- translated by Riaz Ansary
Dr. Jaafar Sheikh Idris of Sudan has taught
in a number of Arab and western universities
and authored a number of book. He is
Chairman of the American Open University.
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Secularism and Moral Values
20 The Milli Gazette, 16-31 January 2013 ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVES www.milligazette.com
Contemporary Western, secular societies are the clearest examples of
the shifting, self-contradictory nature of jahili civilization. From one angle it
views culture and the values it rests upon as a relative, variable phenome-
non. However, from another angle it characterizes some values as human
values, views their violation as shocking, and punishes their violators
severely. The sources of this problem are two fundamental principles which
democratic secular societies rely upon.
The first is majority rule as a standard for right and wrong in speech and
behaviour; the second is the principle of individual freedom. These two prin-
ciples will necessarily conflict with each other if they are not subordinated
to another principle that will judge between them.
Secularism, by its very nature, rejects religion, and in its Western form it
does not consider fitrah (innate nature of Mankind) a criterion for what is
beneficial or harmful for humanity. It has no alternative but to make these
two principles an absolute standard for what behaviour is permissible and
appropriate, and what isnt. The contradiction and conflict between these
two principles is showing itself plainly in some of the current hot issues in
these societies.
(Continued from the previous issue)
MD. MOKHTER AHMAD
The author says the Sunnah is equally important as a source in
Preaching and Guidance. Religious teachers, preachers and guides
can and should draw on the Sunnah for their lessons and sermons.
In this case, they should rely on the authentic sources of hadiths
including the Sahih of Al-Bukhari and the Sahih of Muslim.
According to Qaradawi, the scholars of hadith should make source
critique and exposition of the rank of all hadiths mentioned in dif-
ferent hadith books so that these people may rely on them. In the
meantime, a lot has been done in this regard; still many things are
yet to be accomplished.
Though everyone is under obligation to check out the authen-
ticity and import of a given hadith before its presentation, but in
many cases it is not done by the preachers and admonishers. Thus
sometimes they mumble from the hadiths what moves people, has
touching effect on them and creates emotion and sensation among
them, while these hadiths are either feeble or rejected or fabricat-
ed. By way of example, he mentioned the hadiths The first [enti-
ty] that God created is the light of the Prophet, Whoever is called
by the Muhammad, intercession for him is obligatory, and The
scholars of my Community are like the prophets of the Israelites.
Dr. Qaradawi does not support the opinion of some people that
weak hadiths may be accepted in case of admonition and stimula-
tion (targhib and tarhib). He says that Allah and His Apostle are
independent of leaving any vacuum to be fulfilled by someone.
Islam is complete and does not require anything extra. He then
draws our attention to some certain realities: Firstly, Rejection of
weak hadiths even on Targhib and Tarhib; Secondly, non-adherence
to the conditions stipulated by the majority (i.e., a weak hadith will
be accepted on fulfilling three conditions: the hadith is weak but not
extremely weak, it conforms with the established legal principles,
and not attributing it to the Prophet); Thirdly, prohibition of narrat-
ing in a style of certainty (narrating a weak hadith in the style of a
positive, definitive statement saying that Gods Messenger said
this and this); Fourthly, the sufficiency of the Sahih and the Hasan
hadiths; Fifthly, warning against unbalancing the order among the
deeds (as giving to some righteous deeds a value greater than their
due, or giving to some bad deeds a punishment greater than is
proper to them); Sixthly, a weak hadith cannot itself establish an
injunction. For example, a well-circulated fabricated hadith
Whoever is generous in giving to his kith and kin on the day of
Ashura, God will be generous to him for the rest of his years, and
it is seen that people make much of this day throughout the Muslim
world, sacrificing animals, considering it to be an Id or a day fixed
for regular annual remembrance, whereas it is certain that some
ignorant Sunnis fabricated this hadith to rebut the exaggerations of
the Shia. And Finally, two complementary conditions for the
acceptance of a weak hadith, (a) the hadith should not contain
exaggerations offensive to reason or Law or language, (b) the
hadith should not contradict a Legal proof stronger than itself; for
example the so-called hadith, Abd al-Rahman ibn Awf entered
Paradise on all fours on account of his wealth, whereas he is one
of the ten given glad tidings of Paradise.
Dr. Qaradawi says the preachers should not transmit anything
that is ambiguous or unclear to people. He then mentions a hadith
for detailed examination and shows how people were absorbed in
absurdities concerning a hadith due to misunderstanding. The
hadith is the one narrated by Anas, that he heard the Prophet say-
ing, Every age is worse than what preceded it. Some people have
taken this hadith to justify sitting back from taking action, from
striving for reform, change and deliverance, while some others held
back from or refuted accepting this for a number of reasons. First,
it encouraged hopelessness and despondency. Second, it urged
negativism in facing up to oppression from deviant rulers. Third, it
opposed the idea of progress. Fourth, it moved away from the his-
torical reality of the Muslims. And fifth, it opposed the habits that
have come on the appearance of the khalifa who will fill the earth
with justice
Dr. Qaradawi extensively deals with the issue of principles for
the correct understanding of the Sunnah in the third chapter which
is the most important part of this book. He discussed here eight
principles and offered many hadiths under each principle for the
sake of elaboration and clarification. Fortunately, this chapter of the
book solves a lot of problems regarding understanding many
hadiths and against which objections were raised by many quar-
ters including the enemies of Islam and the orientalists. These prin-
ciples are: Firstly, understanding the Sunnah in the light of the
Quran. It is because the Sunnah is the exposition of the Quran.
That is why the sahih, established Sunnah is not found to contra-
dict the injunctions of the Quran. If people have supposed such
contradiction to exist, then it must be a sunnah that is not sahih, or
the understanding of which is not sahih, or it may be that the con-
tradiction is not real but merely conjectured. Thus the hadith about
the alleged gharaniq [the so-called Satanic Verses) is undoubt-
edly rebutted because it is contradictory to the Quran. Similarly,
the hadith about women which says Consult with them and then
oppose them is invalid and false because it contradicts a verse of
the Quran: And if the two of them desire [to engage a wet-nurse]
by mutual consent and consulting one another, then it is no sin for
either of them (al-Baqarah, 2: 233). Again if there is any apparent
contradiction between the Quran and the Sunnah, then Quran
should be preferred over the Sunnah. For example, the following
hadiths: There is no sadaqah on vegetables, The one burying
alive and the one buried are [both] in the Fire, Indeed your father
and my father are in the Fire, are rejected or refrained away from
because they contradict respectively the following Quranic verses:
and yield up its due on the day of its harvesting (al-Anam),
And when the infant girl buried alive is asked for what sin she was
slain (al-Takwir, 81:8-9), and And they are not punished until We
have sent a messenger (al-Isra, 17:15).
Secondly, gathering relevant [sahih] hadiths on a subject
together and juxtaposing the ambiguous alongside the explicit, the
absolute alongside the restricted, the general alongside the partic-
ularized with the objective of interpreting one with the other making
the intended meaning plain and clear. For example, the hadiths on
wearing the izar (the lower garment) long where the threat against
doing so is made severe, like the one narrated by Muslim on the
authority of Abu Darr, [There are] three to whom God will not
speak on the Day of Resurrection: the benefactor who does not
give anything except as a favour; the quick profiteer whose com-
modity is [sold] by a lying oath; and the one who wears his izar
long. If all the relevant hadiths are put together it will be evident
that the implication of this hadith is not general or absolute, but is
restricted, as is clear from many hadiths, like the following one nar-
rated by Muslim through Ibn Umar: I heard Gods Messenger,
with these my two ears, saying: One who trails his izar not mean-
ing by that [anything] but conceit, then indeed God will not look at
him on the Day of Resurrection. Similarly, the hadith in al-Bukhari
that Abu Umamah saw an implement of tillage (a plough) and said:
I heard Gods Messenger, saying: This does not enter the house
of a people except that God causes disgrace to enter it [also].
Apparently the hadith portrays Islam to be averse to agriculture,
which is also exploited by the Orientalists, whereas if the relevant
group of hadiths are put together, it will be plain that the aforemen-
tioned hadith is confined to a particular context, and that Islam sim-
ulates agriculture and cultivation and promises splendid virtues for
this. Take for example the following hadith: [There is] not one from
the Muslims who plants a plant or sows a seed, then a bird eats
from it, or a person, or an animal, except that from it an act of char-
ity [is recorded] for him. Umar even asked a person who was in
his death-bed to plant his land before death embraces him.
Thirdly, Dr. Qaradawi prefers reconciliation and combination
(Tawfiq) between two apparent contradictory sahih hadiths rather
than recourse to preference (tarjih) of one of them. For example,
the hadiths on restraining women from visiting the graveyards like
Gods Messenger condemned women visitors (zawwarat) to the
graves, and the hadiths on permitting them like the one I had for-
bidden you to visit graves, but [now I say:] visit them. This appar-
ent contradiction between these two categories of hadiths may be
resolved through combination and reconciliation that is that the
condemnation mentioned in the hadith - as al-Qurtubi said - as
referring to over-frequent visiting, which is the connotation of (the
intensive form of) al-zawwarat, the expression used in the hadith.
Similarly, the hadiths on Azl [8] (coitus interruptus): Through
Jabir, he said, We used to practice withdrawal with the knowledge
of Gods Messenger, while the Quran was being revealed (agreed
upon), and, Muslim and Ahmad narrated through Jabir, Practice
withdrawal from her if you wish. But indeed there would come to
her what is decreed for her, and the hadith mentioned in Muslim
and Ahmad that when the Prophet was asked about it he said,
That is a hidden [form of] burying alive, and she When the infant
girl buried alive shall ask, and the hadith in Ahmad from Ibn
Abbas, He forbade withdrawal from a free woman except with her
permission. It would appear from the group of hadiths cited that
they demonstrate the acceptability of withdrawal. That is the posi-
tion of the majority of jurists, except that one may not practice
withdrawal from a free woman without her permission and consent
in view of her right of enjoyment of the act.
The author then discussed the issue of abrogation in hadiths
and termed some peoples recourse to it hastily without much con-
sideration. He mentions a statement of Imam al-Shafii to clarify its
policy: Whenever it is feasible of two hadiths that they be acted
upon together, let them be acted upon together, and [let] not one of
the two be suspended [in favour of] the other. If nothing is feasible
of the two hadiths except [their] difference, then the difference in
them [can be regarded from] two distinctions: (a) that one of the
two [hadiths] is abrogating, and the other is abrogated, so one acts
according to the abrogating, and one leaves the abrogated one, (b)
or that the two differ and there is no evidence as to which of the
two is abrogating, and which is abrogated. In this case, we are to
go for one and leave the other when that one is stronger than the
other, or that one is more established than the other, or more com-
fortable with the Book of Allahor what the greater number of the
Companions of Gods Messenger were on.
Fourthly, the Sunnah is to be understood alongwith the caus-
es, associations, and objectives of a given hadith. According to al-
Qaradawi, as one is obligated to know the background of revelation
for a proper understanding of the Quran, one is also required to
know particular circumstances which the hadith text addresses. A
penetrating observer will find that many hadiths are based upon
particular reasons, or associated circumstances, or aimed to spe-
cific intentions. When one is equipped with this knowledge, one will
not mix up between what is particular and what is general, what is
temporal and what is eternal, what is partial and what is all-com-
prehensive. For example, the following hadiths: You know better
the affairs of your worldly life, I am not accountable for any
Muslim who settles [among] the polytheists, A woman may not
travel except when a mahram is accompanying her, The leaders
are from the Quraysh. Many people misunderstood the hadiths
whereas these are associated with certain reasons, circumstances
and objectives. The first hadith is mistaken by many to be a free
license to formulate rules on the issues of economics, civic, and
political duties, and the like, because these are of their worldly con-
cerns, whereas these are related with a specific occasion/incident
of the pollination of date-palm. Accordingly, the second hadith is
mistaken by many to mean prohibition of settling in any non-
Muslim country whereas it is absolutely related to the obligation of
Hijrah from the land of the polytheists to the Prophet in order to
help him after his hijrah to Madinah. The same is also applied to
the third and the fourth hadiths.
The Companions of the Prophet and their successors investi-
gated the underlying reasons and circumstances of the texts and
acted accordingly. Different attitudes shown by the Prophet and the
first two caliphs, and by Uthman, and Ali towards stray camels
is a case in this regard. The Prophet and the first two caliphs
ordered for leaving the stray camels alone in their ways, whereas
Uthman ordered them to be sold and the price be given to the own-
ers, and on the contrary, Ali ordered them to be rounded up and
kept safe for their owners. Ali and Uthman did not in fact oppose
the Prophet, but they looked at the purpose, that is protecting the
owners from any eventual loss, and they acted accordingly. The
same is applied for the traditional measures of the prophetic peri-
od replaced by volume or weight in our time, the traditional two nis-
abs of gold and silver for calculating zakat replaced by money in
our days, and despite the hadiths on zakat al-fitr to be given in
between fajr and Id prayers, and to be given in the form of food-
stuffs, the ruling is now changed to be allowed to make the pay-
ment anytime before Id days and in money, etc.
Fifthly, one is to distinguish between changeable means and
stable ends. Failing to do so is one of the primary causes for con-
fusion and error in the understanding of Sunnah. Some people
focus their energy and concern upon the medicines, nutriments,
herbs, grains, and other things to be Prophets prescribed medica-
tion for certain bodily diseases, whereas Qaradawi thinks these
prescriptions and their like are not of the spirit of the Prophetic
medicine, rather its spirit is preservation of the life and health of the
human being. The same is applied to the hadiths The weight is the
weight of the people of Makkah, and the measure is the measure
of the people of Madinah, and Fast upon sighting the crescent
and stop fasting upon sighting it. In the first hadith the Prophet
prescribed the weight of Makkah and the measure of Madinah for
the sake of standardization and unification with much more preci-
sion and because those were the most progressive in that era.
Today, we may use any other standard rather than those which will
ensure the desired objectives. In the second hadith the Prophet
prescribed such a method that is sighting the crescent with the
eyes, which was practical and available to the majority of people,
one that does not put extra hardship or impediment on them.
Qaradawi says today we have a better alternative at our disposal
which is the use of definitive mathematical and astronomical cal-
culations and it will better realize the objective of the hadith remain-
ing further from erroneous interpretation or conjecture or falsehood
in determining the start and the end of the month.
Sixthly, distinction should be made between literal and figura-
tive expressions in the hadiths. The author says that in Arabic there
is plentitude of figurative expressions. Being the most expressive in
spoken Arabic, the Prophet also made extensive figurative expres-
sions. Some of these figurative expressions convey information
while some other conveys injunctions. Thus a distinction is to be
demarcated between these two, failing which made some people
even in our time prone to prescribe the forbidden and vice versa,
making the supererogatory obligatory and vice versa. Dr. Qaradawi
says that closing the door to figurative expression in understanding
the hadiths has led to many contemporary misunderstandings of
the Sunnah by Muslims and non-Muslims. According to Qaradawi,
the following hadiths which were exploited by the enemies to trivi-
alize and vilify Islam are to be understood figuratively: The Black
Stone is from the Paradise, Know that the Paradise is under the
shade of the sword, The Nile and the Euphrates are from the
Paradise. Similarly, the author warns against latitude in leaving the
literal meaning. For example, the hadiths on Anti-Christ (Masih al-
Dajjal) are interpreted by some people to symbolize the now dom-
inant Western civilization.
Seventhly, a proper distinction is to be made between the
Unseen and the Visible. The hadiths contain information regarding
the Seen and the Unseen world. Qaradawi says that the affairs of
the Unseen world should not be interpreted on the basis of the
Seen worldly affairs. This is where the Mutazilis, the so-called
school of rational theology, stumbled.
Finally, Dr. Qaradawi suggests that the Sunnah is to be under-
stood in most of the cases in the light with the lexical meanings of
the words in which the Sunanh has come. For words surely change
in their connotations from one era to another, which is known to
every student of the evolutions of language and vocabularies. Thus
people should not read current terms into old texts. A pertinent
word in this case is taswir (image) which has come in many sahih
hadiths and about those who make image (musawwir), the Prophet
threatened them with the severest torment. According to Qaradawi,
many people preoccupied with hadiths and fiqh include under the
category of musawwir the so-called operators of the electronic
device called the camera in our age. These people tend to forget
that copying a form (shakl) through a device is quite different
from making/curbing an image (taswir), and that the Arabs did
not coin the word taswir to mean this.
In conclusion, through this short synopsis on this great book
of Dr. Yusuf al-Qaradawi I would love to urge every one including
the general Muslims and the Islamic scholars, educationists and
intellectuals to study the book. In this epoch of human civilization
when the attack on Islam is all-round and all-comprehensive, espe-
cially centering the Sunnah of the Prophet, this book will help us a
great deal to understand the Sunnah, to resolve the cotemporary
crises, and to rebut the machinations and false propaganda made
by the internmokhteral and external enemies against Islam, espe-
cially, against the Sunnah of the Prophet.
[1] The list was unveiled by Foreign policy, the award-winning magazine of
global politics, and Britains Prospect magazine on Monday, June 23. The
two magazines have conducted a global public poll to pick the worlds top
intellectuals and thinkers who are shaping the tenor of our time with their
ideas. More than 500,000 people voted for their top choices from the orig-
inal long list of 100 figures, and the results came out with ten Muslims from
all walks of life atop 20-figure list. For more details, see: www. islamonline.
net/multimedia/library/newsanalysis/2008/06/07. shtml.
[2] Sunnah of the Prophet (pubh) is his sayings, actions and tacit approval.
[3] For more details, see: Kamali, Muhammad Hashim, Principles of Islamic
Jurisprudence, Second Revised Edition, ILMIAH Publishers, Malaysia, p.
48-50.
[4] The Hadith is reported on the authority of Al-Miqdam ibn Ma`di Karib
and is mentioned in Sunan Ab? Daw? d and D? rim?.
[5] According to Christianity, human beings are originally sinners because
of the sinfulness of Adam. This doctrine is known as Original Sin in
Christianity.
[6] Allah says: They ask you about menstruation. Say: it is a hurt; so keep
apart from the women in menstruation, and do not go near them until they
are cleansed (of it). (Al-Quran, 2:222)
[7] Imam Abu Hanifa is the founder of Hanfi school of thought. He is better
known as the greatest Im? m (al-Im? m al-Azam). He is the first in terms
of taking any systematic research for Islamic Jurisprudence. Today nearly
70% Muslims the world over are followers of his school of thought.
[8] Azl is the withdrawal of the man from his woman during intercourse,
whereby he casts the sperm outside the vulva so that she does not con-
ceive by him.
The above synopsis has been prepared by Mokhter Ahmad sahib,
an Asstt Professor of International Islamic University, Chittagong.
Qaradawis book: Approaching the Sunnah - ii
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MG
It is very nice to read your valuable, esteemed and enlightening fort-
nightly magazine regularly from the last one year.
Mohd Danish Fazal New Delhi
danishfazal@gmail.com
Your esteemed journal is extremely informative and educative in gen-
eral, and par excellent in particular! Happy New Year - 2013
Dr Syed Shahid Wahid, New Delhi
Qurani tips published in MG
The sixty Quranic tips
Should shut irresponsible lips
And protect Madrasas from hits
And prevent people from immoral slips
Sultan A. Patel, Khanpur Deh - 392150
Empowerment of the Muslim community
The empowerment of the Muslim community is the need of the hour
and can be achieved through education, unity and concerted efforts
of the society. However, most of us are too busy making money and
seeking status in our lives to bother for such matters. The spirit with
which Ansars (people of Madinah) assisted the Muhajireen of
Makkah is to be revived. The privileged classes may adopt/support
one child each during his/her student life and the process is to be
propagated like a chain reaction. The Muslim deficit in different lev-
els of education can be taken care of by providing proper information
to students of class X onwards about the availability of various cours-
es, competitive examinations conducted for government jobs, voca-
tional courses, job-oriented diplomas etc., govt. scholarships
schemes and means and ways to enter security forces. The minori-
ty commissions and academic institutions may take the lead as
torch-bearers to initiate such programmes periodically. To gain
access to higher education, the nationwide scholarships schemes of
central government should necessarily be given wide publicity.
Respond today for a better tomorrow. Swimming against the current
is, of course, a tough task but essential for the practice and preser-
vation of our culture and customs. It is an investment for the bright
future of the community and the country. The knowledge of our glo-
rious history may mould the youth into valuable asset rather than lia-
bility.
Prof. Shaista Bano, Aligarh (U.P.)
Musings Of Mohan Bhagwat
It is uncalled for to criticize the statement of RSS chief honorable Mr.
Mohan Bhagwat Crores of Hindus, Muslims and Christians and Jews
are practicing this principles .This principle is not only nearer to
nature but it is in tunes with nature and capacity bestowed by
Almighty to men and women .If you go to the Islamic principles and
practice mentioned in the Holy Qur'an and the guidance in the Hathis.
The women should stay indoors and look after the household
duties.They are in no way easier and simple. They are as trouble-
some as the duties of males in the offices. The job of nourishing and
cherishing of young ones, breast feeding till the age of 2 years,
attending their duties of cleaning, feeding washing the bodies the
most important and holy duty to implant the instinct of love and
affection in the young age. This part of the duty can never be done
by work maids and servants and other kin of the babe. The working
mothers cannot fulfill this moral obligation. If this instinct is not suc-
cessfully implanted the child may grow as criminal, daredevil,
extremists, terrorists, dacoits, rapists, gang rapists murderers, anti
nationals, insurgents corrupts and indulge in immoral activities
throughout the lives. Now we are coming across such boys who
raped their own mother and killed her. If observe the European civi-
lization you will find there is no love and affection to the old parents.
All are materialists no spirituality and faith in God and sense of
accountability. India and the present politicians following blindly the
same pattern. They are more corrupt and irresponsible than the
Muslim and British rulers. Please not what Quran has categorical
ordered the wives of the Prophet Mohammed (SAW) in Arabic waqr-
na fi buyutikunna wala tabarrajna taburrujal jahiliya And stay in your
homes and do not display your finery as was done in the time of
ignorance in the past. So we should accept the Musings of
Respectable Mohan Bhagwat with the unbiased mind. We should not
reject the teaching of Holy Quran Branding it as book of Terrorist.
Islam has directed to kill the Rapists by stoning 1400 hundred years
before. The same punishment was in practice in Jewish mythology.
Bharat should not turn to India as Mr Bhawat said it transform into a
Heaven abiding by the Divine Laws.
DR AH Maqdoomi ,Hyderabad
Ban communal organizations involved in terrorist activities
As a result of investigations of anti-terrorists squads and other inves-
tigating agencies it has been proved that Hindu communal organiza-
tions namely Bajrang Dal, VHP, Sanatan Sansthan, Ram Sene and
RSS were involved in highly deplorable terrorist actions at Ajmer,
Malegaon, Nanded and Mecca Masjid Hyderabad and highly explo-
sive materials had been found both at the offices of these organisa-
tions. Arrests of Col. Purohit and Sadhvi Pritgya collaborates the
existence of a conspiracy engineered by these organizations. Not
only this, VHP and Bajrang Dal had also tried to convert Orissa into
another Gujarat by killing Christians and damaging their churches
while Shiv Sena has launched an intense hate campaign against
north Indians in Mumbai. A prominent leaders of RSS has also been
accuse of participating in these activities by anti terrorist squad. AICC
at its recent session severely condemned the involvement of these
organizations in terrorist activities. The union govt. should immedi-
ately ban these organizations for their involvement in terrorist activi-
ties and this decidedly will be a fatal blow to terrorism.
Dr. M. Hashim Kidwai, ex MP, Delhi - 91
Gujarat results
Worships of countless gods united firmly (Al-Kufr Millatun Wahidah)
to humiliate the worshippers of ONLY ONE GOD (merely with lips?)
who are busy in spreading hatred among themselves through
speeches even in Masjids and Madrasas! ALLAH says: LAA TAFAR-
RAQOO
Sultan A. Patel, Khanpur Deh - 392150
Akbarduddin Owaisi
Mr. Akbarduddin Owaisi is arrested for hate-speech. Good, let the law
of the land take its course. But who will arrest those goons who have
vandalized and abused Asaduddin Owaisis official residence in Delhi
today? And what action will be taken against those who have illegal-
ly build up a temple at historic Char Minar even against HCs order?
What action was taken against hate speeches by Togaria who has
actually started this whole process warning that he will reduce Old
City into a new Ayodhya? What happened to all the documented and
recorded hate- speeches in the past Varun Gandhis speech dur-
ing Lok Sabha election and popular Thackerays ones the latest
against Biharis, as if the Biharis are only rapists in India by Raj
Thackery and Samna carried a lead story which reads, SUNN, AYE
KUTTE KE PILLEY? Is this democracy gives equal right to all? Does
our democracy measure all same crimes with same yardstick?
MB Qasmi manager@markazulmaarif.org
II
We Muslims are afraid of Modi becoming PM of India, Modi pulled
Gujarat 2002 (massacre of Muslims) in front of our eyes and we
could do nothing. God forbid if he takes control of army and does
same on India level. Forget education, wellbeing, for us the question
is of survival, Congress knows and exploit this. I was fond of Rahul
Sb, coming from Bihar, we Muslims were waiting for revival for
Congress. But see the firing in Dhule, Rajasthan (remember the firing
in the mosque by police), Assam (scale is larger than Gujarat), even
durng the protest in Mumbai and no case for violence done by oth-
ers during the protest. I condemn, what Akbaruddin said about tak-
ing on majority community, but he gives us false sense of dignity, a
hope to live on, (we feel, our dignity has been robbed off after 2002),
that is enough. I dont want to support Akbaruddin but do we have
any other option....... Where is that 4% of quota, we will just not go
to polling booth; Congress will be the biggest looser.
Khurram Iqbal (Bihar)
III
The incendiary speech by the Majlis Ittehadul Muslimeen MLA
Akbaruddin Owaisi is dangerous to the secular fabric of our nation
and condemnable in strongest words. What is disturbing is that the
politicians nowadays are finding it easier to woo the voters through
polarization on the plank of religion and caste, rather than on devel-
opmental issues. We have seen earlier, how Narendra Modi contest-
ed two assembly elections and two general elections on themes of
Hum Paanch Hamare Pachees, and chastising relief camps as
baby-producing factories.
Syed Sultan Mohiddin sultan_awaz@yahoo.co.in
Rape after rape
Why so many rape cases? Please lower your gaze because eyes are
the doors of adultery for men and women. Modest dress and lower
gaze are jewelery of a womans heart. Men are here to protect
women. A women must not arouse mans sexual desire. Women
must try to get respectable place in the heart. of men. Dignity is more
important than so called freedom. People with character dwell freely
in the kingdom of Allah the Almighty. That is real freedom.
Nazneen O. Saherwala, (Surat, India)
nazsita@yahoo.co.in
II
Delhi bus brutal gang rape incident is highly condemnable. It has trig-
gered nation wide outrage. The rapists must get deterrent punish-
ment. Islamic Law awards death sentence to murderers and rapists.
Capital punishment acts as a terror to the minds of such criminals.
Atrocities against women and girls have become common particular-
ly in cities. Eve teasing, molestation, rapes, snatching of gold man-
glasturas, mental and physical torture of women and young girls
have become daily occurrences. Violence, murders, rapes etc.
shown on big and small screens are main causes of such crimes.
Vulgar songs dirty dialogues, semi naked dances incite sexual vio-
lence. Women/girls wearing tight dresses, miniskirts, jeans, small
tight blouses exposing front, back, hands are responsible for assaults
against them. Such scantly, tightly dressed, revealing clothing
females must be warned. Unmarried girls moving around with boy
friends, particularly at nights, is illegal, immoral and condemnable.
We are forgetting our religious and moral values and are aping the
materialistic, irreligious and immoral western vulgar culture blindly.
G. Hasnain Kaif, Bhandara (Maharashtra) - 441904
III
It is highly regrettable that Asa Ram made a remark which everyone
has ridiculed. Most of the people are spell-bound by his childish
remark and quite against the situation the medical student faced. In
the intoxicated condition all the culprits were turned into beasts. They
were not at all in the mood of a gentleman. It was futile for Damini to
seek their mercy. The most important point is that among all reli-
gions, Hindus are most exploited stock in the world. The exploiters
are pundits, sadhus, rishis, munis, jagat gurus, prohits, pujaris,
shankarachariyas, seers etc. They interpose themselves between
God and devotees. They collect gold, silver, currency, edibles, flow-
ers etc.
Dr Maqdoomi, Hyderabad
IV
Protests, agitations, lengthy speeches, round the clock coverage by
electronic media, unlimited comments, opposition at boiling point on
the floor of parliament against and about the gangrape in New Delhi
against the hapless para-medical girl in a bus. The all-round reaction
is a natural phenomenon of human feelings. However, the chain of
rape, criminal assaults on females, molestation, murder and other
social crimes continue especially in New Delhi, U. P., Maharashtra
and Haryana, thus disproving the tall claims of central as well as
state governments. Similarly those who instigated, inspired,
designed, patronised and encouraged the criminal assaults on
Muslim women during the one-sided communal frenzies should also
be booked and penalised under the amended law for which riots in
Gujarat in 2002 are the glaring example which may pave the way to
bring Narendra Modi to justice. Islamic criminal law is the most suit-
able to deal with such crimes but non in India ready to remember the
same.
Faheemuddin, Nagpur - 13
Delhi - A world city - A big question mark
The tall claim made by the Delhi chief minister and other Delhi min-
isters has been transformed into a world city like Shanghai and in this
connection mention has been made of construction of numerous fly-
overs and roads but the total absence of basic amenities in a num-
ber of Delhi colonies - the shortage of drinking water, irregular sup-
ply of electricity and its cuts, absence of hospitals and schools, prop-
er drainage and sewer systems, presence of heaps of dirt and filth on
the main roads of the city, the highly deplorable conditions of roads,
existence of open main holes leading to the death of a number of cit-
izens and the horrible condition of Jhuggis and Jhonpries which
house lakhs of people totally contradict such tall claim.
Dr. M. Hashim Kidwai, ex MP, Delhi - 110091
Muslim media
Apropos of the write-up by Kaleem Kawaja (MG 16-31 Dec 2012), it
appears that author does not know the Indian realities. His assess-
ment of successful and prosperous Muslims to the tune of four per-
cent is pure presumption and misleading at the first instance.
Moreover, Mr Kawaja should explain as to why his 4% star Muslims
did not launch a newspaper of his imagination. The comment made
by MG as appended at the foot of write-up is correct but moderate.
Syed Khurshid Anwar, Advocate High Court, Allahabad
anwarkhurshid7@gmail.com
Minority cells of political parties
Every political party has some Muslim showboys. They are paid
boys working to beat drums for parties. To quench the fire of revolu-
tionary thought and to deceive the illiterate, minority cells or morchas
are ordered to organise programmes in minority areas. These people
sit on stages with caps/Haji rumals on their shoulders. On the mike,
party leaders brag that confidence among Muslims was developed,
that our government brought Muslims into the mainstream, that
Muslims started feeling morally boosted etc. which cannot be
gauged. Parties have now moved these minority cells into action.
They have announced minority programmes in different towns in
Bihar because Lalu Yadav parivartan rally is drawing crowds so BJP
and JDU too have activated their minority cells but the AMU campus
land/Rahmani Foundation educational institute land/Millia land are
captured by adivasis and Forbesganj firing investigation is given an
extension of one more year. Issues like the Muslim share in created
jobs is never debated in these showboy programmes.
S. Haque, Patna
A. I. R. shows our progress
Our All India Radio repeats daily cautions against rampant dishonesty
and cheating in our society. We are being advised to contact con-
sumer protection forums against traders selling even medicines after
expiry dates and also at prices higher than maximum retail price.
Dishonesty of even some doctors is being exposed! What a pitiable
progress downhill!! Has mutual trust ended?
S. A. U. Patel, Khanpur Deh - 392150
Saffron conspiracy sailing in Bihar
Justice loving people demanded quota for Muslim women within
33% women quota which is denied by the saffron mentality of
Congress, BJP and Left parties. They didnt like quota within quota.
But the very quota within quota if it goes against Muslims is loved by
the same forces and approved to deny due shares to the oppressed
like the government quota in minority educational institutions which
is made mandatory even by court. During Lalu Yadav regime, 34,540
teachres appointment was announced in which 12,862 quota was
fixed for Urdu. After long judicial fight, S. C. allowed the appointment
of 12,862 Urdu teachers. Then saffron power in government applied
quota within quota conspiracy to snatch due shares from Urdu, 2056
seats were reserved for SC, 132 for ST, 2310 for BC and 1543 for
MBC (Pindaar, 29 December 2012). Quota within quota if harmful to
oppressed community is applied and if beneficial to Muslim is
opposed unitedly by all.
S. Haque, Patna
No land for Mazharul Haque University
MG / 1-15 Dec. 2012 published tiny effective letter about Mazharul
Haque Univ. and matter raised in Bihar assembly. The Bihar govern-
ment initiated searching land. Official team visited Bihar (16
December 12) where villagers opposed the officials and protested
against Mazharul Haque University land acquiring where for IIT, Air
Port, NIT, Biad had acquired many thousands acres of land but situ-
ation created against Mazharul Haque University as against AMU
camps, Millia Educational establishment land (Purnia) and Rahmani
educational foundation land targeted but RSS dictated NDA Bihar
government hasnt done anything to establish rule of law what
Moulana Rahmani wanted but not undue favour.
S. Haque, Patna
Ghulam Rasool is not a terrorist
Ghulam Rasool alias Mirza khan was arrested by Purnia police on 18
January 2010 when he was going to Katihar. Since then every media
branded him as a terrorist. Even when judiciary rejected to accept
terror charges slapped against Ghulam Rasool and punished Ghulam
for violating foreign immigration rule holding wrong passport, the
very report published on 14 December. National Hindi daily gave it
the title "Terrorist Mirza Khan got 3 years jail punishment" and many
times mentioned Mirza as a "terrorist". This is domination of saffron
mentality in media which defies judiciary.
S. Haque, Patna
Rapists and criminals in our law-making bodies
Now that the national outrage over the growing incidents of assault
on women has reached a flashpoint, the Union and state govern-
ments , if they are sincere in their promises, must immediately
declare the names of those members of Parliament and State
Assemblies who are facing the charges of rape and other heinous
crimes, and must seek resignation from them. These anti-social ele-
ments in the law-making bodies are the inspiring force for the pres-
ent and prospective rapists and criminals. The people of India now
must be vigilant to ensure that no political party fields any such per-
son in the elections. It is the most pressing need of the time before
we go ahead with stringent laws to curtail this menace against the
women.
Dr. Mustafa Kamal Sherwani
sherwanimk@yahoo.com
Polygamy in Islam
The learned judge should be lauded for taking the trouble to appraise
himself of Islamic texts, as that is bound to widen the spirit of judg-
ing people and issues in our country. If the facts of the case prove,
even prima facie, that the molavi was forcibly marrying off a girl,
without her consent, the judge had full right to pin- point who was the
master-mind behind such a heinous crime and render justice in the
matter. However, to deny bail, which is a procedural matter to ensure
presence of the accused in a given case, the procedure should not
be used as a punishment for a crime which is yet to be judged. That
will appear to be the case, when the learned judge goes into Quranic
injunctions on polygamy and attempts to lay down some precedent
on polygamy in Muslim community in India. That is a rather tall order
for judiciary, when law making and law enforcing state institutions
are fully aware of the difficulty of trying to bring in religion into the
sacred space of secularism to which India is constitutionally com-
mitted.
Ghulam Muhammed, Mumbai
ghulammuhammed3@gmail.com
REJOINDERS/OPINION/LETTERS The Milli Gazette, 16-31 January 2013 23 www.milligazette.com
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SUBHASH GATADE
Godses Children: Hindutva Terror in India
Ordering details on page 19 of this issue Urdu edition soon!
Revised and enlarged 2nd Edition
The book ably documents evidence of saffron terror.
A.G. Noorani in Frontline
A must for all those who seek truth in contemporary times.
Ram Puniyani in countercurrents.org
Gatade has detonated many myths about Islamic terrorism and
categorically held Hindu outfits for the mischief.
Sumit S Paul in The Milli Gazette

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