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LETTERS, GRAPHS, DIAGRAMS & MAPS
Whatever you do, do it heartily, as for the Lord and not for the Man
I would like to appreciate all those who provided me with enlightening suggestions by reading the manuscript. I would like to thank Mr. Ashkzari who helped me immeasurably to publish this book. Finally I would like to extend my heartfelt appreciation to my wife without whose patience and support writing this book would have been impossible.
Abazar Alizadeh Tehran, December 2009
In 2009.About the Author Abazar Alizadeh specialized in ELT (English Language Teaching) from the University of Allameh Tabatabaee. and started his professional teaching career as a TOEFL (Pbt) instructor in 1998 and in 2000. he began to teach IELTS. . "Language Teaching Methodology". he published his speaking book entitled "New IELTS Interview Samples" which is widely used by candidates in Iran and many other countries in the world including Georgia. He published his first book entitled "New IELTS Strategies" in 2004 and from 2004 to 2007 he worked as an IELTS supervisor and syllabus designer for various IELTS Centers in Iran. he published his writing book "IELTS Essays" to give a chance to IELTS candidates to read as many samples as they wish to prepare themselves for the writing test. the UAE and Turkey. He also has taught "Contrastive Analysis". In 2002. "Advanced Essay Writing" and many other courses at various universities in Tehran. Armenia. he was awarded a prize by the University of Allameh Tabatabaee for wining third place in Iran's nationwide MA examination. GRE and GMAT preparation courses. In 2008.
Author's Guide to the Book IELTS Writing Tasks For the first task of the Academic Module. Graph. you need to describe a graph. As a result candidates can benefit from all sixty essays regardless of the module they intend to take. In addition to practicing the essay formats by analysing the sample essays. you need to write a letter and you are required to write at least 150 words in 20 minutes. a question is provided to let you practice writing an essay on your own. After each essay sample. There are precisely 30 academic essays and 30 general essays. there is no difference in the essay formats. For the first task of the General Module. The second task requires you to write an essay with at least 250 words within 40 minutes. There are five essay question types in the IELTS writing test and the book provides essay samples on all question types. only two map descriptions are provided in order to give you the chance to familiarize yourself with such tasks and not to deviate your attention away from the main task which is the graph. a diagram or a map and you are required to write at least 150 words in 20 minutes. Maps are rarely given in IELTS task 1. . you can have access to a plethora of ideas on various issues along with topical words used to discuss the idea. Candidates should note that even though academic essay questions need you to discuss more complicated issues than the general essay questions. hence. Hence in total the book provides 60 different essay questions for the candidates. The second task requires you to write an essay with at least 250 words within 40 minutes. accordingly. the book contains 20 graph descriptions and 6 diagram descriptions. Essay Samples IELTS Essays provides numerous essay samples in both the academic and the general modules of the test. Diagram & Map Samples Graphs are far more frequent than diagrams.
Learning these useful words and structures can help you with various language functions. . The letters are written according to standard letter formats and include all the various parts of a standard letter. you need to know numerous expressions and structures for different purposes. diagram and the map samples not only let you get familiarized with various task types but also provide many of the words needed to pull off each task. Letter Samples There are formal letter questions.The graph. expressions and words to handle sample questions provided after each letter sample. Appendix To ace your writing test. The letter samples give you enough ideas. semi-formal letter questions and informal letter questions in IELTS writing task 1 and so the book contains letter samples of all types. I have included useful connectives. words and structures for 27 different functions.
.................................. 2 2 Do o animals hav ve rights? ............................. 16 Write a letter t W to a friend you u haven't met t for some tim me ................... . .. 10 Yo ou borrowed some books f from a library ......................................................................... 23 What are the a W advantages an nd disadvantag ges of being rich? .............................. ............................ 11 Write a compla W aint letter to a a bank ....... . any ........................................................ 30 Ca an the govern nment set a hi igher driving a age? ................. ...................... .......... .................... 6 In n response to a job advertis sement of a co ompany ............................................................................ ........ 26 Ca an they remove all the unh healthy foods from school c canteens? .............................. ............................................... ........... ..... 24 Are comic book ks trash? ......... . 18 Write a farewe W ell letter to one of your colle eagues ................. ............. 8 A resignation le etter to your m manager .......... .......................... 9 Yo ou want to se ell some of you ur furniture .... ......................... ...................... .......... . ...................... ............... ............. 31 i ................................ ...................... et ...... ................................................... ..................... ... ... 20 Yo ou cannot attend the class for some reas sons .......................... ...... ........................... 29 What are the a W advantages an nd disadvantag ges of studyin ng abroad? ...... .... ...................... .................................... .......................... ..................... 2 Yo ou are dissatis sfied with you ur grade ........ 27 Su uggest some s solutions in or rder to preven nt people from m getting obe ese ......... . ............ .................. ............................................ .......................................................... ............................ .................... .................................................... 1 Th hey broke the e front window w of your car .......... ........................... ...................... ................ ...................................................................................... .......................................................... 4 Yo ou have recen ntly moved to a new compa ....Table of Contents s Table of Co ontents Gen neral Mod dule Letter Sampl les ........................................................................................... ... ............... ................ ...... 25 Why are teenagers becomin W ng addicted? ..... 15 Yo ou saw a job a advertisement on a website e .................... ........... . ......................... ...... 13 Write a compla W aint letter to a a telephone co ompany .......................................................................................................................................................... ........ .................................... ....... .................................. ..... ........... ..................................... 19 Write a letter t W to a colleague who is hospit talized ................................................................................................... 21 Gen neral Essa ays ......... 14 Write a letter t W to a magazine about a prob blem .............................................. .................................................. 3 Yo ou were disre espected by an n employee ......................... .................. . ........... . ........ ............................................. 12 Yo ou have just b been qualified d for a position n ............. 28 Does playing ga ames teach us s about life? .................... ...................... ............... ........ ....... 7 A letter to som meone you me ............................. ................................................................ ....................................................................................... ................................. 17 Ask someone to act as a refe erence . 5 Yo ou recently he eard about the pass‐away o of your colleague’s father ...................................... ........................
............. ........... ................. .... ................................................. 64 ............. ...... ns? .. .......... 36 Why do you think people att W tend college o or university? .... 3 5 Th he different le evels of post‐s school qualific cations in Australia ................... ............... .. 62 Th he factors affe ecting students' decisions w when choosing a university y .......................................... 55 Th he amount of f money per w week spent on n fast foods in Britain ............. ..................... .......................... 33 Why are schoo W ol classes borin ng and useless ................. s? ........................................... 56 Th he rate of fish h catches in th he USA and Ca anada .... ............. ...................................................................................................... .............................. ... 43 What are the m W major effects o of getting exe ercise? ............................... 47 Discuss the adv vantages and disadvantage es of building a a company in your commun nity................. ? .................. .............................. .............................. 39 Sh hould student ts spend their r free time lea arning their school lessons? ? ............................................... . ............... ......... 63 How much coal it would take e to make all the energy ...................... 54 Th he proportion n of different c categories of families living g in poverty .......... ....................................................... ............. . ........ 41 What are the a W advantages of attending sch hool before th he age of 7? .............................................................................. 49 Discuss the cau uses of longev vity? .. .....T Table of Contents What are the b W benefits of exe ercise? ..... 44 What are the reasons for sch W hool drop‐out t and what are e the solution ........... ......... ................ ......... ...................... .................................................................................. 57 Th he trends in the Australian immigration from 1992 to 2002 .................. ...................................................... .................... ............................. 58 Th he causes of d diseases in developing and the develope ed countries ........................... .............. 40 Sh hould police f forces use security cameras s in public plac ces? ..... ............................... 59 Th he forms of energy used to o generate ele ectricity in the USA ...... ................... . ............................ ..... .... ............... ................... ................................... 46 What are the p W problems asso ociated with TV V addiction an nd what solut tions can you offer? ...................... ............................................. 51 Discuss the adv vantages and disadvantage es of studying abroad? .......... 35 How can recycling save the e environment and help the people on Ear rth? ............ 50 What are the c W causes of stres ss and how ca an we solve it? .. ..................................... 52 Aca ademic M Module Gra aphs............................................... ii ........ .................................................................. ................... 37 What are the m W most importan nt reasons for r getting divor rced? .......... ............ ........ .... .... 60 Th he average monthly tempe eratures in thr ree African countries ..................... ....... 38 Is s people’s cho oice of leisure activities affe ected by fashio ons ....... 48 What are the a W advantages an nd disadvantag ges of living in n a big city? . ......................... ........................... 42 Su uggest some g good places to o obtain infor rmation for a r research................................................ ............... ................................... 45 What are the n W negative effects of television? how can w we minimize th hem? .. 61 Fo our different c cars manufact tured in three e different cou untries ............................ 34 Sh hould hunting g animals as a sport be illeg galized? ..... ............. Diag grams & m maps ... 32 How can the go overnment he elp reduce the e number of car accidents? .................... ............................................ .......
.. ............ .............................. ............ 70 Th he number of f London Unde erground stat tion passengers ............................................................ 84 Must capital pu M unishment be e banned? .......... .......... 90 Will internet us W sers finally end up addicted d to the net? .................. .............................................. 88 Why should we W e avoid racism m and how can n we solve it? .......................................... 2 8 Sh hould the soci iety ban violent and pornog graphic scene es from being broadcast? ........ .......................... ............................................. .......... . 93 Discuss views f for and agains st human cloning and give y your opinion ... 67 Th he literacy rat tes of six diffe erent countrie es ............................. .......... .............................................. ............. 86 what are the harmful effects w s of body pier rcing on our health? ................................................................. ..... ..................... ................................ .......... .............. .. ................................................................................ ........... 74 Th he process by y which bricks are manufact tured ....................... .................. .................... ........................... ...................................................................... ........Table of Contents s Th he incidence o of injuries cau used in differe ent sports ........ .............................................................................................................. 79 Th he map shows s the site of a shopping cen nter ................... ............................ ................ ...... .... . . 76 Th he process by y which plastic c paper clips a are manufactu ured .... 73 Th he typical stag ges of consum mer goods manufacturing .................................................. 75 Th he process by y which exams s are taken in a computer room ........ .... ......................... ......... ................. 95 Does space exp What are the m W main sources o of environmental pollution? .................. ................. . ................. 85 Why are the main reasons fo W or advertisem ment? .............. ............................... 65 Th he US spendin ng patterns in two different t years ................... 96 How can peopl le save energy y in their hom mes? .......................... ............ 66 Th he percentage e of the intern net users . .................................... ............................... 99 iii ......... ........... ............................................................. ................ .................... 69 Th he amount of f meat consum med in the USA A .................... ................................ ...... ........................ 98 Is s children’s mi isbehaviour in n life due to th heir genetic ch haracteristics? ? ........................... 71 Th he oil product tion capacity i in six different Persian Gulf f countries .. .......... ........ ......... 89 Will violence on Television u W ultimately resu ult in more vio olence? ........................... . 78 How olive oil is s produced ....................... ....................................... .............................................................. 94 ploration mak ke any sense? ..................... .............. ....... ............................................... 68 Th he percentage e of obese people in 12 diff ferent countri ies ................................ 91 Must the gover M rnment ban hand guns? ............................ 81 Aca ademic Es ssays ............................... ................................... ........ .......................... .. ...... .............................................................. . ................. 77 How a central h heating system m in a house w works ........... ............................ .......... 72 Th he number of f children kille ed in road acci idents ............. ... .................................................................................................................... 87 Would they like W e to live in a m multicultural s society? ........................................................ ....... 83 Must capital pu M unishment be e banned? .............................................................. 80 Th he map shows s the city of N New Townsville .... ............ .............................................................. ...... ..................... ................ ....... 97 What are some W e of the factor rs affecting se elf‐esteem? .................... 92 Why is it hard t W to define happiness? and h how can we ac chieve it? .........................................................
............................................................................. ........... ..... ......... ................ ..................................... 118 Lo ocation ............. ...................... .................................. ...................................................... ...................... .......................................... ................. .................... .................... ............................ ........... ............. 121 Co Ca ause and Effe ect................................. 119 Approximation n ......... ............................................... ...................... ............ .... ....................... ................................................. .............. ................... 114 Tr ransition ..... ..... ..................................................... Q . ..... ....................... .................... ................................ .................................. .................................... . ......................................... ............................. ............ ................................... ..................... .................................. ......................... ................................. .... 119 Definition ... ......................................................... .............................................. 116 Replacement .... ............. ...... ..... .................................................................. ............................. ......................... 110 Are there bette er ways of enc couraging employees to wo ork hard? ............... ...... ............................ 115 Apposition ............ ...... ....... 107 What are the reasons for the W e increasing d drug use and w what are the s solutions?......................... 117 Appendix 2 Structure and Vo ocabulary Aid ........... .............. 116 Co ontrast ... . ................................................................ .......... 115 Result ................. ... ............... ........ ....... 106 Is What are the e W effects of alcoholism? ..... 116 In Reformulation . 103 Discuss the adv Must the gover M rnment ban dangerous spo orts? ........ ...... ................. ........ 121 iv ............ ..................................... .......................................................................T Table of Contents Must violent an M nd pornograp phic scenes be e censored? ............................... 118 Co omposition ................ ...................................................... .............. ................................... ................................................................................................. ....... ............... ...................................... ............... .............................. 111 Discuss the views for and ag gainst first imp pressions and give your opinion? ............................................................................................................... . 109 What are the p W problems caus sed by drug ab buse and what are some so olutions? . .................... 114 Addition ..................... ........... 114 Su ummation ................................................................. 120 omparison ......... .............................................................. 108 Why do people W e produce more trash these e days? and ho ow can we red duce it? ................................................................. 117 Co oncession ...................... 102 vantages and disadvantage es of forced re etirement and give your opi inion.......... ................................................................... . .................... ........ ... .......... ................ . .......... 113 Ap ppendix 1 con nnectives . 120 Classification ....................................................................................... ................................................................. 116 nference ............ .............................. 105 s spanking chil ldren cruel? .......... .................................... ........................................ .............. ......................... .... ...................... .......................................................................................... ............... ........... 100 How can techn nology help ed ducation? ..... 104 Do patients hav ve the right to o choose betw ween life and death? ............................................................................................. ........... .................. ............ ................................................................................................ ...................... .. 119 Qualification ...... .............................. ............... ......................................................................... ............... ..................................................................................... .............. 101 Are welfare payments a was ste of the society's financial resources? ........... ... 119 Ex xemplification n . 112 App pendix ......................
.............................. ............ .... ...... char rt etc...... 128 ........................................... ..... .............. 133 ......... .......... ................................... ...... ............... 137 Because ............... ..... ........................... .......................................... 142 Disagreement .............. .................................... 127 Reporting ......................................................................................... Advantage ......... .................................................................... ............................ 124 . Ca ause ...................................... ................................ .................. rds ............... .............. ........... ............ 147 Fo Co ontrast .................................. ..... orbid . ...... ................... ................................ ntroducing a p point of view........................... 138 St top ........................ ................................................................. ................................... ............ .... ................................... 148 Si imilarity ............ ..................... ............. ........................................... ............. .......................................... .......................... ................................... 126 Useful words ........ 127 Appendix 3 How to Express Essential Wor ............................................. ........... ............ ........ ..... .... .......................................... 145 Agreement ...................................... ................................................... .............. 132 ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .. ... ............................................................ Result ..................................................... 146 Allow ................. 123 Referring to a d diagram................... .................................................... 126 In Su ummarizing and concluding g ............... .............. ..................................... ................... .............................................................. ..... 123 Ca aution .... ............................................................................................ . .. ................. ........... ............................. 129 Reason .............................. ...................................................................................................................................... ........Table of Contents s Sc cale ....... ............................ ........... ........ ...... ...................................................................... ........................................................... .................................................... .............. ...... ............................... 150 v .......................... .......... .................... ................... ..................................... ............... ................... ........................................... 125 Describing change .......... ................. .......................... .. 131 Disadvantage .......... .......... 143 ...........................................................................
Letters.Letter Samples GENERAL MODULE writing task 1 (letter) IELTS Essays. Graphs. Diagrams & Maps 1 .
Please check with them to see if it is covered. Write a letter to your mechanic and in your letter. Thank you in advance for your kind and considerate attention towards the matter. As you know it is winter now and this also aggravates the situation since I am not able to use the car. If they do not pay for it. Letters. Dear Ms. Hopefully. broke the front passenger window of my Chevrolet Caprice while playing softball yesterday afternoon. You should write a letter to his/her parents and in your letter you should • introduce yourself • explain how it happened • and what they should do. Green (163 words) Letter Practice You recently had your car repaired and now it is not working properly. Grimes. Diagrams & Maps . Sarah. In case you are not available at that time please let me know so that we would be able to make an appointment for some other time.Letter Samples 1. Ms. I am your next door neighbor and I am writing to inform you that your daughter. I will get two repair estimates for you so that you can determine how you will pay for the repair. Perhaps we could meet this Saturday afternoon to discuss our options. your homeowner's insurance will cover this kind of damage.One of your neighbor’s children has accidentally broken the front window of your car. Yours sincerely. The car is brand new. • • • Introduce yourself Explain the problem And say what you need him to do 2 IELTS Essays. Graphs.
You should write a letter to your friend and in your letter you should • congratulate them on the new-born babies • explain why you cannot go visit them • offer to help in case they need help IELTS Essays. • mention the reasons to convince him that you deserve a better grade. S. Dent (189 words) Letter Practice One of your friends has just had a twin and for some reason you cannot go visit them in their town. • let him know that you are dissatisfied with your grade. apparently did not approach the project with the same dedication as I. you will find copies of my notes and sources that I used in my research. My project partner. I put a lot of effort into this project. Sockman. Letters. Unfortunately. Jack. I hope that you will be generous enough to raise my project grade. but I would like to ask you to reconsider your decision about my grade. Considering that I did attempt to contact you. I would like to thank you for your considerate attention in advance.You recently received your grade from your instructor and you are dissatisfied with your score. Write a letter to your instructor and • introduce yourself. Graphs. This letter is to express my dissatisfaction with the grade that I received for my class project. Dear Mr.Letter Samples 2. I know you made it clear that individuals in each group would all receive the same grade. you were unable to attend either one. I spent numerous hours in the library and at the computer working on my research. You encouraged us to speak with you if we encountered any problems within our groups. Diagrams & Maps 3 . and I made two appointments with you to discuss the situation. Enclosed. and that I put a lot of effort into this project. Yours sincerely.
If she was busy. I shop frequently at your store and I look forward to a more pleasurable shopping experience next time. She then said in a rude tone that if I couldn't find it. 2009. I hope that you will confront Ms. she could have simply and politely told me that she would be able to help me in a moment. around 3 PM. for help in finding my size. When I asked an available salesperson. Letters. Regards. I appreciate your wholehearted concern with regard to this issue in advance. I explained that the reason I came to her was because I couldn't find it. Graphs. it means that your store did not have it. Maria Johnson. I felt that Ms.You recently went shopping at a department store and you were disrespected by one of the employees. In your letter you should. Write a complaint letter to the sales manager of the department store In your letter you should • • • let him/her know about the rude behavior of the clerk clearly state how it happened and tell the manager about the bad behaviour. Dear Sales Manager. Johnson was rude and unnecessarily curt with me. Ms. she informed me that she was busy and that I would have to find it myself. May 1. Diagrams & Maps . Mrs. • • • introduce yourself congratulate him/her on the promotion and ask for an appointment to discuss the problems in your section 4 IELTS Essays. I went to your store to look for an outfit. This letter is a complaint concerning the actions of one of your salespersons. Johnson about her behavior.Letter Samples 3. and that I needed to look somewhere else. On Tuesday. Betty Arthur (190 words) Letter Practice Write a letter to one of your colleagues has recently been appointed as the new manager of the company.
Letter Samples 4. Accordingly. I look forward to meeting with you and learning more about your company in the near future. • • • introduce yourself. Sincerely. Dear Mr. write an email to the institute and in your letter. In your letter. Letters. mention what you have done since you moved to the company and ask to meet the manager to discuss your needs and concerns. I very recently joined the company and am taking over your account from Jack Winters who has moved on to other challenges in this industry. • • • appreciate the institute for the informative website ask if they can help you with your problem in other ways make some recommendations in order to improve the website IELTS Essays. Graphs. The purpose of this letter is to briefly introduce myself as Dynatek's new Sales Representative.You have recently moved to a new company and you want to write to the manager. as the first step in my customer familiarization process. Diagrams & Maps 5 . for about an hour or so. I propose to call your office by the end of this week. to discuss OfficeTech's needs and concerns. It is my hope that we will be able to arrange to meet at your office before the end of the month. Jim O'Malley (158 words) Letter Practice You just used a website to gain some information about an issue. I have just completed Dynatek's management orientation program and am now keen to meet face-to-face with all of my key customers. Stevenson. I would like to meet with you personally. To set up a meeting at your convenience. Business Accounts.
Letters. I would like to express my sincere condolences on the recent passing of your father. Although I didn't know your dad that well. And I do know that he was very highly respected throughout this community and profession. Dear Robert. and brother. mention how honorable his father was mention the reasons to let your friend know that you understand the situation. As you know. and his good works changed the lives of many. Yours sincerely.You recently heard about the pass-away of your colleague’s father. Write a letter to him and in your letter • • • appreciate for the party say that you particularly enjoyed the party and apologize for arriving late at the party 6 IELTS Essays. Graphs. No comfort is quite enough to replace the loss. Pamela and the children also send their thoughts and prayers to you and your family at this difficult time. I did come to realize his great kindness and compassion towards those less fortunate than him. Diagrams & Maps . and to all of your father's grandchildren. You were truly fortunate to have such a man as a model in your life. on the half dozen or so occasions that I spent time in his company over the years. Please pass my deepest sympathies on to your mother. it was not that long ago that my own father passed away.Letter Samples 5. Gord Henderson (178 words) Letter Practice Last night you attended a party thrown by your manager. Write to your colleague and in your letter • • • offer your condolences. and sister. so I have some idea of what you and your family are going through.
I am writing to apply for the position you advertised in today’s newspaper. a requirement of an ability to size up the situation. I was the President of a troubled company which I turned around and led to the best performance in its history. Most recently. It is in response to such challenges that I have excelled during my career. Robert S. assess the reasonable alternatives and execute a plan of action. I have also worked 14 years in mining and milling operations. tell them about your qualifications and try to convince them that you fit in the position. • • • let them know that their advertisement has interested you.Letter Samples 6. Thank you for you interest. in your letter you should • • • introduce yourself say why you are interested in the course and ask for some more information about the course IELTS Essays. including the startup of a significant division of a large insurance company in London. Dear Sir/Madam. though.Write a letter in response to a job advertisement of a company. In each of these situations. where I obtained an in-depth exposure to production problems. Diagrams & Maps 7 . the problems (or opportunities) differed widely. I found the wording of your advertisement with emphasis on leadership. I am free to travel and open to relocation. Before that. Graphs. in your letter. Rosenthal (182 words) Letter Practice You just saw the advertisement of a course in a newspaper and you are willing to attend the course. Letters. They had in common. Sincerely. I would welcome the opportunity to meet you and to further discuss your requirements. I had worked successfully in a variety of unusual situations. innovation and change quite intriguing. Write a letter to the institute.
On both a professional and a personal level. Your skill in chairing the controversial panel was very much appreciated by those representing all sides of that extremely sensitive topic. Diagrams & Maps . As well. I would also like to let you know that another meeting is going to be held next month in New York and I would be glad to see you at the meeting. I would like to take this opportunity to express my heartfelt thanks to you for your very active and influential participation in our recent meeting in Montreal. Letters. I really appreciated the time that the two of us were able to spend together for fun and reflection during conference down times. I certainly learned a lot about the unique aspects of your profession (not to mention the things you taught me about the backhand on the squash court!).Letter Samples 7. we have received numerous post-conference requests for the paper that you delivered in the beginning of the conference. You just found out the product does not work properly. Peter Smithfield (176 words) Letter Practice You just received a product you had ordered a few days ago. try to elaborate on the importance of his role in the meeting and let him know about another meeting to be held next month.Write a letter to someone you met at your company’s meeting. Graphs. I am looking forward to hearing from you as soon as possible. In your letter you should • • • thank him for taking part in the company's meeting. Dear David. Very Sincerely. Write a letter to the company and in your letter • • • introduce yourself say what the problem is and mention what action you need the company to take 8 IELTS Essays.
Accordingly. during this period I will be able to bring you all of the operations and outstanding issues in the department. Dear Mr. please regard this as my official letter of resignation. I would like to express my sincere appreciation to you as my manager. My last day of work here will be June 28. Write a letter to an old friend of yours and in your letter • • • have a warm greeting invite him to the party give him the direction so as to find your new house IELTS Essays. In your letter.Write a resignation letter to your manager to let him know that you have started to cooperate with another company. Graphs. I wish all of you success. and am grateful for the many learning and growth opportunities I was given over the years. with an oil company. Hopkins. 2008. In closing. Sincerely. This will give me three full weeks from next Monday to complete the current marketing program design that I have recently been putting the finishing touches on. This is to advise you that I have accepted the position of Marketing Manager. as well as to my many friends and colleagues. I have truly enjoyed my years working with all of you. Diagrams & Maps 9 . Letters. In addition. based in Buffalo New York. Ryan Alexander (156 words) Letter Practice You are going to throw a birthday party for your new-born son and you are writing to invite your friends. • • • Let him know the exact time that you are leaving the actions you took in order not to cause the company any problems and also let him know that you appreciate the time you cooperated with the company.Letter Samples 8.
Love. I’d rather sell it to you than a stranger! Why don’t you come around and take another look at them on Saturday? We’ll be here all day. Graphs.Letter Samples 9. we’ll be moving to a new house soon and there are a few things that I won’t be able to take with me.You want to sell some of your furniture. Write an email to a travel agency you usually travel with and in your letter • • • introduce yourself as an regular customer ask for more information about the city ask them for more information about the tour (e. There are six matching chairs to go with it. In particular I want to sell my big dining table. As you know. In your letter • • • explain why you are selling describe the furniture and suggest a date when your friend can come and see the furniture. Katherine (159 words) Letter Practice You are going to take a tour of a historic place. price. You think a friend of yours might like to buy it from you.the one in the living room? It has wooden legs and a grey glass top and it’s big enough for six people.g.) 10 IELTS Essays. Write a letter to your friend. so maybe we could have some lunch together? Give me a ring and let me know. Letters. I know you’ve always liked this furniture so I could let you have it at a good price. The new house is a bit smaller so I have to sell some furniture and I was wondering if you might be interested. Dear Jane. Do you remember it. dates etc. Diagrams & Maps .
• introduce yourself • explain what has happened • and tell them what you want to do about it. And I trust that you understand. I am her only surviving relative in this country. Letters. Graphs. which are now overdue. the hospital says that if all goes well. Dear Sir or Madam. Diagrams & Maps 11 . I would like to apologize for the inconvenience that I have caused you. I traveled down to Dallas the following morning. in which case I will be back at the beginning of the next week. IELTS Essays. Yours sincerely. she should be able to go home in two or three days’ time. After taking the books out on 16th March. so I have had to stay here longer than I expected. I had an urgent call from my elderly aunt’s neighbor to say that my aunt had had a fall and had been taken into hospital.You borrowed some books from your school or college library. thinking I would stay for only two or three days. Write an email to the travel agency and in your letter • • • introduce yourself say why you cannot take the tour apologize for the inconvenience caused. so I felt I had to go and see her immediately. Unfortunately my aunt’s condition has only improved very slowly. Unfortunately you have to go away to visit a sick relative and cannot return the books in time. Bearing in mind the circumstances. However. I am writing this letter to explain why I have been unable to return the three books I have out on a three-day loan. Thomas Anderson (199 words) Letter Practice You have already booked a tour of London and for some reason you are not able to take the tour. I trust you will kindly waive any fines that may have accumulated. Write a letter to the library.Letter Samples 10.
Diagrams & Maps .Letter Samples 11. Another $300 installment has been paid this month and this is the reason why I am overdrawn. nothing was done about it. However. Recently you received a letter from your bank stating that your account is $240 overdrawn and that you will be charged $70 which will be taken directly from your bank account. I would like you to contact the garage where I bought the car explaining your error. I would also like you to ask them to return the money. but for some reason. in your letter • • • introduce yourself mention the problems you had at the hotel during your stay say what action you need the hotel manager to take 12 IELTS Essays. two months ago I sold the car and I wrote to you instructing you to stop paying the monthly installments. I received a letter from you acknowledging my request. Letters. P. I have been paying $300 a month for a car I bought last summer. I am looking forward to hearing from you as soon as possible. I would like to point out that the reason I am overdrawn is because of a mistake made by your bank. In your letter you state that I am $240 overdrawn and that you will be charging me $70. Dear Sir or Madam. Write a letter to the hotel manager. You know that this information is incorrect.You have had a bank account for a few years. Yours Faithfully. The monthly payments were taken directly from my bank account. Write a letter to the bank. Stoft (212 words) Letter Practice You recently travelled to New York and you were completely dissatisfied with the hotel service you stayed at. Graphs. For the last twelve months. In your letter • introduce yourself • explain what has happened • and say what you would like them to do about it. If you look through your records you will see that I wrote several weeks ago explaining the situation. I am your bank customer and I am writing in reply to a letter I received from you a few days ago.
Letter Samples 12. If you need to contact me for any reason. I would like to thank you again for your offer and I hope to have great cooperation with your company. • • • introduce yourself say what you are trying to do and ask what your customers suggest the company should do to better satisfy the customers IELTS Essays. Write a letter to the manager. Dear Mr. Yours sincerely. Thank you for choosing me. Diagrams & Maps 13 . I am excited about starting at your company and I look forward to talking to you again. please feel free to call me. or send me an email. salary. Happy. Letters. I will follow up with a phone call to discuss other issues related to the job. Please keep in mind that I will need adequate time to resign from my current job. and accommodations while I am relocating. fax me. including when you will need me to start. in your letter you should • • • show your willingness to accept the job mention when you can start the new job ask for an opportunity to discuss your employment terms. I am pleased to inform you that I will accept the graphic designer position you have offered.You have just been qualified for a position in a company. write a letter to your customers. Marisa Bookman (162 words) Letter Practice As a public relations manager of your company trying do a public survey on your company’s public image. As I said before I have been working there for quite a long time and I definitely have to take care of a few issues before leaving. Graphs. In your letter.
I look forward to hearing from you soon. something that Telco was unable or unwilling to do. The main problem was that you failed to provide me with the correct telephone number. Write a letter to your father’s surgeon and in your letter • • • appreciate the surgeon and explain some of the post-operation complications your father has been facing ask the surgeon what action you should take 14 IELTS Essays. This phone number was an established business line which I had been using for the last three years. that you had promised when I completed the contract.Letter Samples 13. Graphs. In your letter you should • • • introduce yourself mention what the main problem is and say what you want them to do Dear Sir or Madam. In addition. Obviously this meant that my clients were unable to contact me and it cost me many hours of phone calls to resolve the matter with your support centre. 9818 8747. in the first month of service you managed to cause me to lose two days worth of business because of poor administration. you promised to deal with problems quickly and efficiently. I would appreciate it if this situation could be resolved and a substantial rebate offered on my first three month's account. I am writing this letter to complain in the strongest terms about the poor service that I have received from your company. We signed up to your telephone and internet service package two months ago because your advertising suggests that you are better than Telco. Diagrams & Maps .Write a complaint letter to a telephone company and let them know how their services failed to fulfill your expectations. Letters. However. Yours Faithfully. Charlie Williams (197 words) Letter Practice Your father underwent a medical operation and now he has completely recovered.
and other rival companies are willing to employ you with a higher salary for all the practical experience you have gained. Diagrams & Maps 15 . Charlie Williams (187 words) Letter Practice You have been working for a company for some time.Letter Samples 14. Unfortunately the department of tourism has not taken any effective measures to counteract the adverse effects of tourism in our town. Having visited Indonesia. Besides. Thailand and Malaysia I understand that tourism can bring money to developing countries. Yours faithfully. Write a letter to your company manager and in your letter • • • Explain the situation Say what you would like the manager to do (increase the salary etc) say what action you would take in case the manager fails to meet your demands IELTS Essays. I would like to warn the local people of the possible dangers and I want to urge them to check that any tours or excursions we offer have minimal effect on the natural surroundings. we even need to attempt to change the behavior of tourists by sharing our environment-friendly opinions with them. Graphs.Write a letter to a magazine and express your opinion about a problem you are faced with in your neighborhood. If we follow these simple steps we can be sure that our business is not causing any harm to our town’s ecosystem. In your letter • • • introduce yourself say what the problem is and recommend a solution to the problem Dear Sir or Madam. Letters. However. I am one of the senior citizens and I have lived in the city of Pertshire since I was born. I would like to give my opinion on the environmental impact of tourism as someone who has traveled throughout Asia on business and holiday. I would like to appreciate your concern in this regard. I cannot ignore the environmental problems that are affecting my hometown’s ecosystem.
This experience has given me the ability to deal with the needs of all types of people. Letters. I look forward to hearing from you. Powel Herbert (174 words) Letter Practice You are faced with an increasing workload in your company due to a growth in the number of orders placed daily. so I am able to do most things with computers. also mention the places you have worked for and try to convince them that you are the one they are looking for. Diagrams & Maps . Since I was 15 years old I have helped my father to run his small importexport business. or in the accommodation department. In addition. Write a letter to the company manager and in your letter • • • introduce yourself explain the problem you are facing and ask if the company could hire a new employee to help you with the job 16 IELTS Essays. I am interested in working in the teachers' resource library.You saw a job advertisement on a website. I have recently graduated from the WSB Business School in Warsaw and received high grades in both my English and Business Courses. helping teachers and students to find and use the resources there. we had to use all of the Microsoft Office programs in the preparation of our finished assignments. In the past 2 years I have worked in the WSB library. Write a letter and apply for the job. I am writing this letter to apply for the position of student assistant that I saw advertised on your website. I have been involved in helping a variety of clients and also the general administration of the business. • • • let them know your qualifications for the job. Yours faithfully.Letter Samples 15. Dear Sir/Madam. Graphs.
but it will happen soon. I suppose the most important thing is that Jane's job is more secure than we thought. I've got another form to fill in so I'll love you and leave you. when she got the job. Diagrams & Maps 17 . • • • let your friend know what is going on to you. Obviously this is great. with no idea of what it will lead to. also ask your friend to tell you about himself/herself and ask him the questions you want to know. we thought it might only be for one semester.Letter Samples 16. Write a letter to the editor of your local newspaper and in your letter • • • introduce yourself say what the problem is and mention what you would like the city authorities to do IELTS Essays. don't you? So. so I thought I'd drop you a line to bring you up to date with what's been happening here. as it means we can relax a little. Anyway. I still don't have the job I really want. You have to stay positive. what about you these days? Are you still stuck in that old job? Since I've been having so much trouble getting a job I understand your reluctance to change. Best wishes.Write a letter to a friend whom you haven’t met for some time. There's nothing worse than filling in endless application forms. John (173 words) Letter Practice You have been faced with an increasing number of wild animals in your neighborhood. At the beginning of the year. but we just found that she has a permanent contract. Graphs. Dear Leo. Letters. It's been a while since we wrote.
they really liked it. Write a letter to your friend in your letter.Letter Samples 17. Is it OK if I send them your phone number? I think they want to phone you so they can have a proper conversation with you and really check me out. and my address is still the same. Patrick (185 words) Letter Practice As a teacher.There is an institution that is offering a free journalism course and you have applied for it. but as there are only five places they want a reference as well. Graphs. as I expect this would be the first reference you've been asked to give. the one about legalizing drugs? Anyway. it'd really help me out. • explain the situation • say why you chose him as a reference • ask him if you can give them his/her name as a reference Dear mark. I've got a new phone number. I saw an advertisement in a paper recently offering a free journalism course to successful applicants. Diagrams & Maps . You're the only person who knows me well enough to give me a reference for a course I want to do. I sent in an article I wrote for the student newspaper. Hope to hear from you soon. Regards. I haven’t given them your name yet. 09957 234 563. They want to talk to one of your friends who knows you well as a reference. Write a letter to the museum manager and in your letter • • • introduce yourself say what you are planning to do and why and finally ask for a discount 18 IELTS Essays. you would like to take your students on a field trip to a museum. Letters. you know. so you can get me on that. I'm writing this letter because I really need your help. I know it's been a while but if you could do it.
I would like to hear from you and once again I would like to thank you.You are about to leave your company. Even though I will miss my colleagues and the company. Write a farewell letter to one of your colleagues.com) or at my new place. Please keep in touch. Thank you for the support. Yours truly. I am looking forward to this new challenge and to starting a new phase of my career. Letters. you should write • • • let him know that you are leaving also let him know how much you appreciate the time you have been working together let him/her how he/she can contact you at your new place Dear John. I have enjoyed my tenure here and I appreciate having had the opportunity to work with you. Samantha (158 words) Letter Practice You have recently opened up a shop in your area and as an advertisement campaign you would like to send a letter to all potential customers • • • introduce your shop introduce your services and offer a special discount for the new customers IELTS Essays.Letter Samples 18. 555-121-2222. I think the position they are offering at this new Company is what I have been looking for since the beginning of my career. I will be starting a new position at Newville Company next month. guidance and encouragement you have provided me during my time at Simpson's Corporation. Graphs. in your letter. I wanted to take a moment to let you know that I am leaving my position at Simpson's Corporation. Diagrams & Maps 19 . I can be reached at my personal email address (Sama13@gmail.
Graphs. He is struggling at the moment. Eric Johnson has now retired (lucky man) and Matthew has taken over Eric's job. Sheila (153 words) Letter Practice You live on the fourth floor of a five-storey building which is not equipped with an elevator (lift). 20 IELTS Essays. I thought you would like the book I'm sending you with this letter I saw it in the bookshop and thought it would make you laugh. I hope you enjoy it and find time to read it before you return to work Take it easy and look after yourself I'll write again soon. In your letter you should • • • ask about his/her health let him/her know what changes occurred since he/she has been hospitalized also try to make him/her happy in some ways Dear Jane. There have been a few changes since you went into hospital. I hope you are feeling better. I know you’ve always wanted to live in Greece. Write a letter to your neighbors and in your letter • • • introduce yourself say what the problem is ask the neighbors to agree on the installation of an elevator. Best regards. Letters. He hopes you will return soon to rescue him from the muddle. Diagrams & Maps .Letter Samples 19. Are you able to sit in the garden and enjoy the sunshine? We all miss you in the office and look forward to your return.Write a letter to a colleague who is hospitalized at the moment. As you know he is not as experienced as Mathew was. Anyway.
I hope I could study this course in the next semester. I am Sandy Lee.Letter Samples 20. At the beginning of this semester. Sincerely yours. Sandy Lee (157 words) Letter Practice You and classmates have been trying to find a book for a while and the book is out of stock. African Literature and Culture. Computer Principle. I will be so glad to participate in your class. Unfortunately. This major course conspicuously influences my credits and it is very important to me. If the registration of this course has not closed yet. Sorry to bother you. Letters. Write a letter and in your letter • • • say why you need the book mention what the problem is and ask the publisher to republish the book or provide you with copies of the book IELTS Essays. Dear professor Moss. Yesterday. an undergraduate student of the department of Electrical and Computer Engineering. I can not study your course this semester. your help will be greatly appreciated. I received a notice from my department that a major course. Diagrams & Maps 21 . Because of your reputation and my enthusiasm in literature. Write a letter to your course instructor and in your letter • introduce yourself • explain the situation • and say what action you would like to take. is held every Friday afternoon. Write a letter to the publisher.You recently registered for a course. China Literature. and you cannot attend the class for some reasons. I registered for one of your courses. I also heard that another course of yours. Graphs. would be changed to Thursday afternoon. It is a two-hour course held on every Thursday afternoon.
General Essay Samples GENERAL MODULE writing task 2 (essay) 22 IELTS Essays. Graphs. Letters. Diagrams & Maps .
and not make them suffer in any way. Animals have rights and we must protect them under any circumstances. abuse or exploitation. the progress of medical progress would speed up. It causes injuries and blood loss. and neck breaking. Millions of animals are killed each year in these farms. Animal rights is a topic that is very important to me. Humans are important. loneliness. hunger. Then there is also the subject of animal testing. Diagrams & Maps 23 . Fur also comes from ‘fur farms’. thirst. This lifestyle causes severe stress that can lead to cannibalism and self-mutilation. The farms force them to live in extremely close contact with the other animals. electrocution. What is your opinion? Use specific reasons o support your point of view. more accurate. They are killed by poisonous gasses. Letters. without harm. suffocation. but that does not give anyone the right to inflict endless pain and suffering on the animal. If animal testing were to stop now. I simply think that everyone should have the decency to treat animals with kindness and respect. Do you agree or disagree with this point of view? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. IELTS Essays. and kinship. which is completely against their instincts. Some animals try to chew and bite their own limbs off just to get out of it. and less expensive than using animals In conclusion. It has been shown that animals are capable of feeling pain. I believe that we are not allowed to make animals suffer. (307 words) Essay Practice Some people think that human needs for farmland. and industry are more important than saving land for endangered animals. I believe that animals deserve to live according to their own natures.General Essay Samples 1. especially for stupid reasons like makeup testing. Fur belongs to its original owner. Leg holds are spring-loaded steel jaws that clamp shut on an animal’s foot once it is sprung. because the alternatives such as in-vitro techniques are less time-consuming. Some fur comes from animals caught in horrific traps called leg holds. housing. Animals are stuck in these traps for hours and even days before the trapper comes to pick them up. It breaks my heart when I see people wearing fur.Some people believe that we can use animals the way we want while others believe animals have rights and we must respect their rights. Graphs.
Also. I mean there are people who may plan to kidnap your relatives in order to earn some money. but the temptation to spend money immediately is so overwhelming that you can’t resist and actually you go on a shopping spree and possibly. However. Use specific examples and details to support your answer. nor do you need to save money to raise your children. get a bachelor’s or master’s degree without having to worry about the tuition fees and payments. Letters. so. you will become materialistic. for example. In conclusion. you can choose to study where you want. Clearly. People try hard to earn as much money as they can in order to be affluent and powerful. First of all. Money does not solve your problems. the more things you have to worry about. the accounting system in your head tells you that you should save some money for some future purposes. you do not have to worry about your living. etc. things will get boring. 24 IELTS Essays. risky activities such as gambling. In your opinion what are the advantages and disadvantages of being rich and what’s your opinion? Everybody wants to be rich. just treasure what you have. The more money you have.General Essay Samples 2. you do not have to worry about matters related to money such as controlling your expenses. What are some other reasons that people work? Discuss one or more of these reasons. so you will take up activities that can entertain you. That’s why there are people who get addicted to gambling. perhaps when you are rich. and they believe wealth can benefit them in many different ways. Diagrams & Maps . Money does not buy you love.Nowadays many people are trying to earn more and more and to get rich. since you can afford everything that money can buy. being rich does have some disadvantages. In addition. you can enjoy a lot of things that money can buy. Graphs. because money does not create happiness. that is a fact. you and your family members are always in danger. (308 words) Essay Practice People work because they need money to live. for example: you will neither experience the fear of losing your job. I prefer to live a poor but a happy life. As a matter of fact.
can always influence the minds of their young readers. In the same line of thought. can teach us great lessons. Thus. to put it simply. how many of us could write good dialogues and scripts to keep the reader hanging month after month or pencil the characters so well? In the end. (396 words) Essay Practice Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People should read only those books that are about real events. Letters. What about comic books? Shouldn’t the writers of comic books also be praised for their work? At least because it demands a lot of talent and hard work. they would see that comic books are not that much different from other books. real people. as it would be wrong to do the same with novels. they teach you facts that you did not know. that is also true of some comic books. comic books. On a different note. it has often been said that literature is a form of art and that the writer is an artist and should be looked upon as such. when you think about it. one of the great things about books is that they can teach you a lot of things. regardless of what type of writing they do. And it is not so surprising. Diagrams & Maps 25 . First. if you could forget the old stereotype for a minute.General Essay Samples 3. It would be wrong to accuse all comic books of prejudice and violence. If people were willing to go beyond that old stereotype. you might want to try and read one. For instance I read a particular comic book titled “understanding those who are born different from us”. Even you can find more complicated and philosophical concepts being taught in some comic books. even though it is less obvious. like books. So if it is true that some comic books are sexist or violent. comic books can help us learn things in their own way. What is your opinion? Use specific reasons to support your opinion. and established facts. For example. IELTS Essays. After all. it is also true that some of them are. So. let us all remember that the authors. I had never heard of the country of Tanzania before I read a comic book in which it was the birth place of one of the main characters. Use specific reasons and details to support your opinion.Some people believe that comic books are trash and they waste our children’s time and energy. Well. It can easily be related to racism and its disadvantages. and they as well require hard work and talent. Comic books are cheap entertainments that trash the minds of our children. I have seen this many times and each time I have disagreed with it. Graphs. fine. they broaden your horizon.
In conclusion. Teens often want to be like their role models as well. talented or popular as their friends. Do you think this is a good idea? Support your opinion by using specific reasons and details. or they may simply be curious. after all parents want their kids to be safe. Diagrams & Maps . if their favorite music group or a "cool" friend at school uses drugs or alcohol. (309 words) Essay Practice In some countries. Adolescence is often a time of low self-esteem. or control their activities and friends. Many times. So. In your opinion what are the reasons? And how can we prevent them from becoming addicted? Everyday more and more teens are turning to drugs and there is no simple answer to why a teen might begin using drugs or alcohol. However. parents and guardians need to learn the warning signs and dangers. If some parents suspect that their teen is using drugs they may feel the need to catch them. it is a combination of several things. Preventing teen drug use is possible. parents must be aware of its symptoms. They may want to be seen as grown up.General Essay Samples 4. teenagers have jobs while they are still students. Graphs. attractive. A young person with low self-esteem may feel they are not as smart. a young person with low self-esteem may be more likely to put aside his/her good judgment and turn to drugs or alcohol to escape. which can develop as a result of not being able to grow and change as quickly as desired. it might be more helpful to talk with them and let them know about the changes they have observed and what the cause is. I think that every single individual must try to avoid drugs for the simple reason that it ruins our lives and society. They may turn to drugs to escape stress or loneliness or to overcome shyness in social situations. These are all normal feelings. teachers or others to achieve goals. Letters. therefore. they search their room. They may also feel pressured by parents. they may also use drugs or alcohol to be like them. To help deal with the pressure. so. 26 IELTS Essays.Nowadays more and more teenagers are becoming addicted to drugs or alcohol.
Graphs. What do you do for good health? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. If the government forces schools to provide this kind of food. most children will definitely not buy them. instead of starting with schools and banning the school canteens from selling the unhealthy foods. abandoning the foods most children are fond of is not an alternative. Therefore. Hence. not prohibition. IELTS Essays. But the move to ban such foods from canteens will have a negative feedback. (253 words) Essay Practice People do many different things to stay healthy. Health authorities intend to remove all the unhealthy foods from school canteens and introduce new kinds. serving nutritious food might improve children’s health and reduce obesity. Letters. but in my opinion removing the food most children love from school canteens is not going to work. Would children want to buy something they have never heard of? Most of the items that may be introduced are strange to students. However I do believe that canteens should gradually try to provide foods suited to students’ ethnic and religious backgrounds and try to improve their health and reduce alarming rates of obesity among the students. Therefore. Furthermore. To what extent do you agree with this scheme? Nowadays the number of students suffering from obesity and obesity-related diseases is increasing at an astonishing rate and I think it is a good idea to promote healthy living and eating habits among students today. Education is the best way to promote healthy living. school communities and parents should as well choose what is best for their students. authorities must inform the students of the harmful effects of such foods. In conclusion. the ill-conceived plan could wipe out a great deal of money a year from school revenues and force schools to close canteens.General Essay Samples 5. It is not the government’s business what students eat.As the first step to combat obesity among students. Diagrams & Maps 27 .
and why would allow the public to be more educated on how to lose weight properly. After being thoroughly educated about dieting. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. then the country can be much better off. fat and sugar content on menus. how.Obesity is turning into a serious national program. I believe that the Iranian Government should take action to manage its people’s diets because they will not do it on their own. and if healthy habits can be established. Knowing how to read is not relevant if there is nothing to read. Suggest some solutions in order to prevent people from getting obese? Obesity is on the rise. many of the country’s obese people could stop getting heavier and will shed pounds. This would bring a lot more people into the world of exercise. I believe that the public policy for people would be such that people who exercise regularly should be rewarded. 28 IELTS Essays. and an additional 1/3 is overweight. The next most-important solution is education. Habits are established at a young age. Education is the key if lowering of the people’s weight is wanted. the people in Iran are going to suffer from a catastrophic health problem. It affects more than 1/3 of the population. If the Iranian government stepped up its campaign on obesity. And the final step is to pass laws requiring fast food and chain restaurants to post nutrition information such as caloric. Letters. Iranians must have access to the information to be able to know what foods are good or bad and why. I believe that people who put forth effort in an exercise program should be rewarded with tax deductions. Providing them with the knowledge of what foods do what. Diagrams & Maps . Graphs. (303 words) Essay Practice Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Universities should give the same amount of money to their students' sports activities as they give to their university libraries. I think that the problem with people in our country is the lack of motivation to diet and exercise.General Essay Samples 6. and it is becoming more and more of a national health concern. With obesity becoming more and more of a problem each year.
Letters. they must certainly have a program and try to abide by their programs in order to succeed in life. To sum up. Some people argue that playing games teaches us many valuable things about life. In addition. which in turn affects positively our relationships with other people. playing games teaches us cooperation. They must not ignore their school lessons and their responsibilities in life. However. In life. loyalty. Diagrams & Maps 29 . when people practice team sports they come into contact with people who have different characteristics and personalities. No one can deny the importance of playing games in our lives. and achievement of goals in life. organization. everyone has many goals and he/she puts them in front of his/her eyes and tries day and night to achieve them. I much acknowledge that children must not spend all their time playing games. In team games. the individual team members should not only play for personal achievements but for the sake of the team as well. while others believe that playing games teaches us nothing about life. organization and loyalty to our team. Graphs. What’s your opinion? Use specific reasons to support your opinion. IELTS Essays. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. there is a strong relationship between playing games and learning about life. Thus.General Essay Samples 7.Many people believe that playing games teaches us about life while others believe that children waste their time by playing games. Moreover. One reason why I believe so is that playing games teaches us teamwork especially in team games. (267 words) Essay Practice Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Games are as important for adults as they are for children. I still believe that playing games teaches us many useful things about life such as cooperation. Another reason that can make playing games valuable is that it teaches participants to have goals and to work very hard to accomplish these goals. I strongly support the idea that playing games is beneficial in our life for the following reasons.
General Essay Samples 8. Studying abroad is a popular choice among students today. Living abroad is like learning what the big world is like. It is also the best way to learn foreign languages since one has the chance to speak with the native speakers. Graphs. because foreign language skills and knowledge of foreign traditions are important when working with foreigners. Firstly. And all these can help one to have better employment positions. Letters. And finally Students learn to take good care of themselves and learn what they should do for a living in different situations. is it the best choice? Studying abroad has both its advantages and disadvantages. They may come across many problems e. because they might not be able to work with others. Almost all students that study abroad are very confident. Another disadvantage of studying abroad is selfishness.g. In addition. Give specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. It can become a big problem if they cannot. (340 words) Essay Practice Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Teachers should be paid according to how much their students learn. Also when they go back to their countries they need to get used to the culture again. strange food.Nowadays an increasing number of students prefer to extend their studies abroad. studying abroad is a good opportunity. What are the advantages and disadvantages of studying abroad? Use specific reasons to support your opinion. since these students will not hear the ideas of others and believe in only what they think which might make working with other people hard. however. When students go to study abroad they are living somewhere very different and it is not easy to do so. Education is essential in order to secure as good an employment position as possible. On the other hand. Besides. Diagrams & Maps . one can learn about various traditions and customs. one can have more knowledge about different cultures. In conclusion. one of the main disadvantages of studying abroad is living in a different place and culture. There are several advantages to studying abroad. it can help one become more organized and self-confident. 30 IELTS Essays. There are many good and bad things in every society. It is good to be self-confident but at times it may become selfdestructive. Selfconfidence could be self-destructive. bad weather and no friends. but the advantages and disadvantages must first be considered very carefully before deciding whether or not to enter foreign universities.
Letters. They claim that these young people should not be allowed on the road because they cause accidents. are allowed to roam freely on the road. the government refuses to see what is plainly under its nose and is going to set an unjust driving age in the hope that it will reduce the country’s number of road accidents. Your friend has asked you for advice. or both. Compare your friend's two choices and explain which one you think your friend should choose. Bear in mind that adults. The high driving age also creates problems for all the young people who will not be allowed to drive on their own. Diagrams & Maps 31 . while teens cause no more accidents than adults do. Graphs. Young people usually cause accidents because of the lack of experience or awareness.General Essay Samples 9. IELTS Essays. especially university students. So the government should provide education of some sort to help young people build these things. Incredibly the government seems to share this blind prejudice and is going to set an unacceptably high driving age. Do you agree or disagree with this scheme? Use specific reasons to support your opinion. This shows how biased the government is. This is why adults cause just as many accidents as teenagers do. not wait for themselves to become safer. who have the exact same rate of accidents. Even if teens cause as much mayhem as the government claims they do. In conclusion. They also have to pay more and suffer the added frustration. The media seem to have developed a grudge against teenage drivers recently. Use specific reasons and details to support your choice. The law will not allow young people below 21 to drive. I believe instead of taking the easy way out. the government should tackle the problem at its roots. they should be given a chance to improve on themselves. As the services are usually delayed or overloaded. An extremely obvious fact that both the government and the media have overlooked is that age does not make a person safe.The government is planning to set a higher driving age. However. They are usually forced to take the highly unreliable and mismanaged public transport. (303 words) Essay Practice A friend of yours has received some money and plans to use all of it either o to go on vacation or to buy a car. it causes the young people to be late for their daily commitments.
The heart is a muscle that responds to exercise by becoming stronger and more efficient.General Essay Samples 10. Diagrams & Maps 32 . Strength training. improved cardiovascular fitness. In conclusion. Another benefit might also be the cardiovascular fitness. the entire circulatory system works more efficiently due to vascular dilation and cholesterol reduction. First. also known as resistance training. What are the benefits of exercise? Use specific reasons to support your opinion. In fact. By training over a regular period of time your muscle tone will increase the muscle's readiness for work. which can help lead to a betterdeveloped physique. lower the blood pressure. Regular physical activity seems to strengthen the immune system so that it is better able to fight the foreign germs that make our bodies sick. strength is the power to resist strain or stress. IELTS Essays. exercise can be very beneficial if performed correctly and efficiently. Following a resistance-training program you can expect to find changes in your body shape. and the list goes on. has many benefits. Letters. There are many benefits that arrive from the presence of exercise in our daily routine. In addition. Graphs. strengthen your cardiovascular system. Increased muscle tone improves posture. They have started to work out and then stopped their workout routine so many times that they cannot keep track of the number of programs they have tried. decrease the risk of heart diseases. and an improved immune system are just three of the many benefits that come from exercise. by statistics these people are among the average Iranians. (331 words) Essay Practice Why do you think some people are attracted to dangerous sports or other dangerous activities? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. Most people need some motivation to get off the couch and begin exercising.Some people say that physical exercise should be a required part of every school day. The muscles demand more energy and oxygen due to the increased workload that comes from exercise. Recent research suggests that people who exercise regularly come down with fewer colds and flues than their sedentary friends. Other people believe that students should spend the whole school day on academic studies. Improved strength. Regular physical activity appears to improve the functioning of the immune system. This causes the heart rate and respiratory rate to increase in order to provide the required additional fuel to the muscles. By improving the condition of your cardiovascular fitness you are also helping yourself live longer.
After all. At the same time police officers. subways)? Why? Use specific reasons and details to develop your essay. Graphs. the drivers should control their anger and learn to drive safely. IELTS Essays. They should also stop when they come to a junction. they should look and signal before overtaking other cars. To conclude. This. The first reason indeed is not legislating serious punishments for aggressive driving. how can the government help reduce the number of car accidents? Use specific reasons to support your opinion. This influx of motor vehicles is creating hazardous conditions. should also have the right to capture aggressive drivers as both drunk and foolishly behaving drivers threaten the safety of motorways. Moreover. the lives they save could be their own. Legislating punishments for foolish behaviors is very crucial in order to decrease the number of such accidents.Despite all the government’s efforts to decrease the number of car accidents. drivers are in such a rush to get to their destinations that many become angry or impatient with other motorists who are too slow and although law enforcement authorities warn motorists against aggressive driving. or should governments spend more money on improving public transportation (buses.General Essay Samples 11. consequently. ignoring the traffic laws and regulations leads to more road accidents and to decrease the number of road accidents. who have the right to arrest any driver who is drunk. this number is still on the rise. The number of vehicles on freeways and streets is increasing at an alarming rate. Diagrams & Maps 33 . (258 words) Essay Practice Should governments spend more money on improving roads and highways. trains. the number of drivers who act out their angry impulses has not declined. Besides. For instance. the government should play its role in controlling this phenomenon. Letters. In my opinion. our drivers should be more accurate in obeying these rules. careless and irresponsible drivers are endangering everyone because they create hazardous conditions by acting and driving foolishly. would reduce the number of accidents which take place daily on our motorways. In your opinion.
This remark could be fueled by a lackadaisical and truly inappropriate set of mandatory credits. lack of interest towards subjects and an extremely boring method of teaching. Do you support or oppose this plan? Why? Use specific reasons and details in your answer. Why cannot they make it more hands-on. students will be more interested and encouraged in classes. starts right at the top of the ladder. Students are forced into classes they will not need and are taught skills that will never be used. If a child is to become a mathematician why is he/she forced to sit through classes where a teacher rambles on and breaks down a story that will never be picked up in life again? Once this problem is figured out. Why should a student be forced into taking a class where they will simply be caught "snoozing" due to lack of interest. Mandatory Credits. The second problem.Many students think school classes are boring and useless. Letters. 34 IELTS Essays. I think in order to interest the students in school. In conclusion. Graphs. (258 words) Essay Practice It has recently been announced that a new high school may be built in your community. the school principles need to make significant changes in their education programs. lack of interest. Diagrams & Maps . is fueled by the same mandatory credits. keep the students into it? If teachers want results they should involve their students in the learning process and avoid promoting passive leaning by using more practical and interesting teaching methods. The main problem. The third problem. is found with the teachers themselves. Students often remark that school is boring. drilling students. By this time a student has given up and starts to hate school in general. A student has to sit in class with his books open rewriting the same words being said by the teachers. What are the factors leading to this problem? Use specific reasons to support your opinion.General Essay Samples 12.
If it is not. the waste of precious animal lives. (408 words) Essay Practice Many parts of the world are losing important natural resources. Hunting is not a sport due to its inability to follow the definition of a sport. This was done because they believed that all creatures. It would seem that hunting is no longer a sport: it is unfair to the animal. such as forests. a sport should be fun for both sides. How many animals will be slaughtered before it is decided too many are dead? Will species die out and fade into obscurity? With the large prevalence of hunters in today's world. It still exists today.General Essay Samples 13. Many people think that a sport should be fair to both sides. Graphs. or decorations. In addition. IELTS Essays. This is a waste of the animal. then the sport stops being recreational. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. There should always be a chance for the other team to win. A third reason is the fact that people participate in sports by choice. An animal does not choose to be hunted. otherwise there would not be a point. One of the ways they honoured the animal's spirit was to use every portion of the body. or clean water. Letters. it is time to define what hunting is. the stomach for cooking. including humans. This practice continued for hundreds of years. when People in the past hunted an animal. animals. If the same person told the clerk that he/she was going to hunt humans. Many modern day sport hunters do not follow this ideal. then it must be wrong to kill animals in the same way. They would use the skin for clothing or shelter. Diagrams & Maps 35 . the clerk would start setting up the license. but to kill an animal for sport! That is unjust and should never occur. Also. and moral ethics. it is chosen by the hunter.Some people believe hunting animals as a sport should not be illegalized while others disagree. Then If it is wrong to kill humans in this manner. What’s your opinion? Use specific reasons to support your opinion. A lot of hunters stuff and mount their kills as trophies. the meat for eating and many other portions for various uses. Choose one resource that is disappearing and explain why it needs to be saved. In conclusion I believe to kill an animal out of necessity is understandable. the clerk would immediately set off the alarm and summon the police. why do they not believe the same about wild animals? If a person walked into a gun store and told the clerk that he/she was going to go hunting. And finally if people believe that killing humans is wrong. were equal in life. the animal is definitely not having fun and the animal has absolutely no choice about participating. they would honour its spirit.
Diagrams & Maps . with a thin layer of tin added to prevent rusting. and recycling it can save our oil resources as well as the energy used to produce plastic. glass & miscellaneous items can be recycled. Cups. Graphs. Tin is a metal and is mostly in the form of cans and tin foil. which is then turned back into paper. In Iran. Also it will save our mineral resources from depletion. where it is shredded and mashed into pulp. Tin cans are actually 99% steel. they throw away enough metals (including tin) to build new cars. Recycling uses cellulose over and over again. The cellulose is made by cutting down trees. metals. Aluminum can recycling saves 95% of the energy needed to make aluminum. Recycling helps the world because we are reusing things instead of using energy to make more things. which is in plant fibers. And finally Plastic is the material that makes up many things.General Essay Samples 14. Paper is cellulose. Paper. Letters. Old paper is sent to factories. Recycling means to use again and again. Humans are producing an increasing amount of trash everyday and the world is becoming full of the landfills we use to get rid of our trash. tin. grinding them up. this saves trees from being cut down. Plastic is used so much. Recycling is good and you should recycle as much as you can. Paper can also be recycled from other paper. Recycling can also save energy because making recycled paper uses 30% to 40% less energy than producing paper from new wood pulp. Bottles. and dumping the wood pulp in acid. how can recycling save the environment and help the people on Earth? Use specific reasons to support your opinion. Recycling is good for us because we reuse products and we do not waste energy which we can use in the future. In your opinion. 36 IELTS Essays. Which do you think the company should choose? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. plastic. There are many more things which can be recycled. (279 words) Essay Practice A company is going to give some money either to support the arts or to protect the environment. cell phones and many other items are made of plastic.
General Essay Samples 15. consequently. In conclusion. Another reason for entering college and university is achieving a higher social status. Would you rather have the university assign a student to share a room with you. they try to obtain academic. Some other teenagers study their lessons hard to pass the university entrance exam since they are forced to. Diagrams & Maps 37 . Holding a university degree is these days associated with a relatively superior status. there are many others who prefer to extend their education for some better reasons. IELTS Essays. I believe most students struggle for success for occupational purposes.Nowadays almost every student who graduates from high school tries to attend college or university. Graphs. I mean they would like to have better employment opportunities with a higher salary. On the other hand. professional knowledge in their favorite fields. they love their major and try to obtain as much information in the field as possible. They are fond of the specialties that are in higher demand in society. (303 words) Essay Practice You have been told that dormitory rooms at your university must be shared by two students. Why do you think people attend college or university? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. take the university entrance examination which is administered annually in the hope that they can pass it and enter university. and a reason that may or may not seem convincing for others. It is an obligation imposed on them by their parents to which they have to conform. Entering higher education is nowadays regarded as one of the most important aims of most teenagers in Iran. they do so since they do not want to fall behind others. There are teenagers who continue their studies in order to broaden their knowledge. upon graduation from high school. There are also some teenagers who try to keep up with the Joneses. Letters. their favorite field of study is usually based on market demand. I believe each single teenager may have his or her reason for entering college or university. they do not have any justifiable reason for their decisions. however. it is indeed considered so essential that most teenagers. Of course they have many different reasons for sitting the test many of which are not educational purposes. or would you rather choose your own roommate? Use specific reasons and details to explain your answer.
the causes of failing marriages are practically endless. making a bad investment. most marriages these days seem to be failing due to the increasing number of problems with the modern world. then why should they stay together? Finally. splitting of a family including children. Marriage is known to be a lifetime commitment towards love and caring among people.In the modern world today the rate of divorce is rising dramatically in most societies. Financial problems can also end a good marriage. The most important element that seems to have disappeared is love not just any love. Some people believe that the main reason for marriage is to have children. Unexpected health deterioration is still another problem. deep-feeling love. To keep a relationship clear. In the Modern world women or men would rather get a new life than stay with a husband that will sooner or later die. In your opinion what are the most important reasons for getting divorced? Use specific reasons to support your opinion. the love itself should be clear. Diagrams & Maps . then it should obviously not be a marriage. lawsuits. Why do people get married? Well it is a known tradition in humanity that a woman and man will come together and live their lives as one. (341 words) Essay Practice Some people think that the family is the most important influence on young adults. In some traditions. Nowadays adultery is one of the most popular reasons for most divorces and it usually has the worst outcome as well. No matter what the reason is. Physical illness is pretty bad as well. not artificially placed. this means that they cannot conceive a child. Being stingy can also be another bad reason. loyalty and so on before they end up in divorce themselves. Disloyalty is another reason leading to divorce. and much more. and if there is no potential of having children. but true. These include physical and verbal fights. 38 IELTS Essays. Letters. Graphs. Other people think that friends are the most important influence on young adults. This is the process where love is somewhat “forced” to exist between two people. and purchasing useless things. If there is no well-defined understanding of love. Which view do you agree with? Use examples to support your position. they have what is known as an arranged marriage. I believe that the young people must change their attitudes towards many things such as love. This cause leads to fights on spending too much money. life. However.General Essay Samples 16. If a man is impotent or a woman is infertile.
People have been interested in a particular sport during their whole life and changes in fashion have rarely affected their interests. With which opinion do you agree? Use specific reasons to support your opinion. It is worth mentioning that children’s games such as hide and seek and tag are still widely appreciated by most children all around the world regardless of the new games that are being introduced on a daily basis. Compare the benefits of planning free-time activities with the benefits of not making plans. Electronic games go out of date almost as soon as you have bought them and this is so because manufacturers promote the fact that only the latest version is worth having. Therefore. but while it may seem reasonable to argue that some of these activities reflect the trends and fads of the day. Diagrams & Maps 39 . I believe the majority still choose to take up their hobbies out of interest. rather than because it is currently fashionable. the choice of leisure activities on offer today is vast. I feel that while fashions have an influence. and so ensure continued sales.Some people believe that people’s choice of leisure activities is to a great extent affected by fashions. Graphs. particularly among the young. Current trends are always overshadowed by the new ones being promoted through massive advertisement. While some may fall victim to fashion in the modern world. for some people as new hobbies and activities are introduced. the majority of people enjoy their hobbies for their own sake. IELTS Essays. (317 words) Essay Practice Some people prefer to plan activities for their free time very carefully. By comparison with even the recent past. most people know what they like and participate out of love of the game. sports such as rollerblading lose their fascination after a few months. Others choose not to make any plans at all for their free time.General Essay Samples 17. and these continue to be popular. many people of all ages and backgrounds take up hobbies for social reasons. while others believe that people still choose their favorite leisure activities regardless of fashions. However. For example. other hobbies are history. There are still people who collect shells as a hobby and they eagerly pursue their hobbies irrespective of the fashions that catch on and fall out day in day out. Letters. Traditional hobbies range from participation in active sports like tennis to old favorites such as chess and stamp collecting. Which do you prefer-planning or not planning for your leisure time? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your choice. Where sports is concerned.
(344 words) Essay Practice Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? All students should be required to study art and music in secondary school. 40 IELTS Essays. therefore. Such activities are far from being a waste of time for the children for the simple reason that they are not academic. while others believe that students need to spend their free time playing and developing other skills. then it is true that children have to make the best of their study time when they are young. If everything they do must have educational or academic relevance. Diagrams & Maps . However. The parents. they could grow up emotionally immature and unformed. Graphs. and the best way to do this is through activities such as sports. which is the last thing parents would want. Besides. However. how can they learn important social lessons about winning and losing if they do not practice any sports? Many children form strong. students need to be educated in order to survive in this world. who do not allow their children sufficient free time for leisure activities outside school hours. they must know that there are other things to learn except the academic skills at schools. Most parents believe that if their children work hard at school. In the world today. games and playing with other kids. they must be skilled and knowledgeable. Moreover children must develop their imagination. They must taste victory and failure. It is important to remember that children need to develop skills other than intellectual ones. Use specific reasons to support your answer. then they will soon get tired of studying altogether. and without the opportunity to do this. make-believe games can help children to inspire their imagination. allowing children to ignore these fundamental needs and waste their time will not help them. Today education has become a priority for many parents seeking to secure a good future for their children in this rapidly changing world. they must learn physical coordination through the games they play with their peers. then they will increase their opportunities for going to higher education and eventually getting a good job. so as access to the best education and best jobs is becoming more competitive. With which opinion do you agree? Use specific reasons to support your opinion. Letters. Finally I think it is important to remember that children need to relax as well as work. Of course they are right. personal relationships with their friends they play with.General Essay Samples 18.Some parents believe that students must work hard at school and spend their free time learning their school lessons. are misguided.
although there are definite disadvantages to using surveillance devices such as cameras. Catching a criminal red handed will also greatly reduce the police costs as the police do not need to conduct large scale investigation to prove a criminal guilty. Some people are opposed to this. mall. Discuss both these views and finally give your opinion. This will make the streets safer for ordinary people. The biggest objection they can lodge concerns privacy. A more important point is that criminals. They will not be tempted to carry out crimes. saying that it invades our privacy. particularly young offenders or petty criminals will be deterred. Cameras are also cost-effective and unobtrusive. In conclusion. Letters. Corrupt authorities could use the information in the wrong way or twist it to victimize some groups. (327 words) Essay Practice Some people believe citizens should be allowed to carry handguns in order to protect themselves. streets. Graphs. Some people believe security cameras are far from being a perfect solution. Authorities do not need to spend large amounts of money on police. Diagrams & Maps 41 . and that ordinary people are losing their freedom because of these security devices. many people do not trust governments with too much information. while others think this can lead to many social security problems in the society. stadiums and transport. IELTS Essays. Many people feel they intrude on citizens’ privacy while others believe they may help increase social security. Security cameras have become ubiquitous in many countries. and thus society will be a lot safer. An obvious benefit is that the police can catch criminals in the act. but considering the rapidly increasing crime rate in our society and the critical need for enhancing our social security. and reduce crime. They feel that being watched constantly is like being in a jail. others believe that surveillance cameras have several benefits. Many people feel that they should be free to travel or move around a shop. and finally I think cameras and computers can make mistakes. street or country without being photographed or recorded. police forces and governments are increasingly using security cameras in public places. Whereas before they appeared only in banks and at high-security areas. What’s your opinion? Use specific reasons to support your answer.General Essay Samples 19.In the fight against crime. Another point is that although the police say that only criminals have something to fear from the cameras. However. they are now entering public places such as malls. I think the merits way outweigh its demerits.
Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. while others believe that children must stay home and attend school at the age of 7. a child will learn to interact with a lot of different people and some children learn to communicate very early because of this. In your opinion. 42 IELTS Essays. (260 words) Essay Practice Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Self-confidence is the most important factor for success in school or at work. or because their brothers or sisters are older or younger. what are the advantages of attending school before the age of 7? In many places today. so they can benefit from both environments. however. in fact there are many advantages to having school experience at a young age. They make friends and learn how to get on with other children of a similar age. Such children find their first day at school at the age of six very frightening and this may have a negative effect on how they learn. They are generally more confident and independent than children who stay at home with their parents and who are not used to strangers or new situations. Firstly. I believe that attending school from a young age can benefit children in many different ways. Instead they will probably go to a nursery school when they are much younger. This is often not possible at home because they are the only children. Another advantage of going to school at an early age is that children socially develop faster. Diagrams & Maps . While some people think this may be damaging to a child's development or to a child's relationship with his or her parents. Graphs. they still have plenty time to spend at home with their parents. Moreover . Letters. there is little opportunity for children to stay home up to that age. children start primary school at around the age of six or seven.General Essay Samples 20.Some people believe that starting school at an earlier age is very beneficial for children. So overall. because it is more likely now that both parents work.
or conducting surveys. It might take a long time to search for what you want. Reading lists show the essential book titles you should read to complete a written task. magazines and reference material. Some assignments require you to give written answer. Additionally. and others require spoken presentation. To begin with. but once you find it you can print out only the pages you require. Secondly. By interviewing people with particular knowledge. These days. and are useful because they contain the books that the tutor recommends. Some people want a center for business research. (253 words) Essay Practice A university plans to develop a new research center in your country. Finally. The most important step in the completion of a class assignment is researching the topic. the internet allows us to obtain information from a huge number of sources all over the world. too. newspapers. If you cannot find the books you need in the school or college library. you might borrow a video to show your class. However. Graphs. Other people want a center for research in agriculture (farming). Diagrams & Maps 43 . if you are researching information for a spoken presentation. Give reasons for your choices. Most good colleges have libraries containing a wide range of books. you can obtain information that is the most current and suitable for your needs. people can be good sources of information. Which of these two kinds of research centers do you recommend for your country? Use specific reasons in your recommendation. Alternatively. IELTS Essays.General Essay Samples 21. Letters. finding useful information is only possible if you know where to look. Write a report for a course tutor suggesting some good places to obtain useful information. you can go to the local library and ask the librarian there to help you.Research is an essential part of completing assignments. there is the reading list that the tutor gives students in class. there is the library in the school where you are studying.ROM disks on a variety of subjects. modern well-equipped libraries have banks of computers with CD.
General Essay Samples 22- Nowadays more and more research results show the positive effects of sports in our life, and people are strongly advised to take up a sport as soon as possible. What are the major effects of getting exercise? Practicing a sport is much more than the sole act of pushing your body through exhaustion or using your skills to reach your goal. There are many effects that show after you get involved in a sport. The first major effect of practicing a sport is that you will develop physical abilities. Your body will be in better shape, and you will be able to achieve things that physically you could not accomplish before. For instance your speed, muscular mass, stamina, lung capacity, and elasticity will all increase enormously. By exercising on a regular basis your body will be healthier, which means fewer diseases and fewer injuries. People with a healthy life tend to live longer and more happily. The second effect has to do with your personal life. Yes, sports will get very deep into your life. Practicing a sport requires some time, so you will be entertained for a while everyday instead of watching television or surfing on the internet. By practicing a sport you will get the chance to travel to new places where competitions are held. And that’s not all because once you enter a better level of competition; you may compete in national or international tournaments, attract sponsors, and even make a profit out of it! Practicing a sport affects you as a person as well as your social life. You will meet a lot of people in the business, from beginners to professionals; however, only a small group of individuals will become your friends to the point of turning into your second family. That is having a team. As an athlete you will develop a strong character and a competitive spirit. Besides you will become more disciplined and responsible, which will certainly help you in your professional life. In conclusion, sports can shape your body, your life, and your mind in good ways. Practicing a sport keeps you entertained and far away from boredom. In addition you will have the chance to experience the amazing feeling of beating all your opponents down from the quarterfinals or crossing the finish line ahead of everyone else. (350 words)
People have different ways of escaping the stress and difficulties of modern life. Some read; some exercise; others work in their gardens. What do you think are the best ways of reducing stress? Use specific details and examples in your answer. 44 IELTS Essays, Letters, Graphs, Diagrams & Maps
General Essay Samples 23- Unfortunately nowadays many school students drop out of school before they graduate. In your opinion what are the reasons for school drop-out? And what ways can you suggest in order to solve the problem? Today, although most students in Iran complete their education, a large number still drop out because of family, social and work pressures. This problem requires serious action from both individuals and the government. Most students who do not complete school do so because of family problems. Girls, especially, want to get married and start a family. Some parents are not interested in education and do not support their children in studying. Social problems are also a contributing factor. Education is compulsory but, despite this, some people do not take it seriously. Furthermore, jobs are available even if students do not have a good education. The third reason is work pressure. Some families are poor and need their children to work in order to increase the income. All these problems will create young people who do not have any skills and who will not be able to improve their lives for the family and the country. There are several things that can be done about these problems. Parents should be encouraged to send their children to school. Schools with babyminding facilities should be opened specially for married students. The government needs to stress the importance of education and even offer financial support to students to continue. This will encourage students to stay at school rather than start working. In conclusion, there are several things that the government can do to allow more people to finish school. However, a number of society attitudes also have to change if the country’s young people are to achieve their full potential. (256 words)
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is more important for students to study history and literature than it is for them to study science and mathematics. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.
IELTS Essays, Letters, Graphs, Diagrams & Maps
General Essay Samples 24- Television is now widespread in all communities. Almost everyone has access to this medium on a daily basis. However, the effects of television are not always positive. What are some of the negative effects of television? What can be done to minimize these bad effects? Give reasons for your answer. One can say that television is one of the most important technological developments and nowadays almost everyone in the world has access to TV. Television has caused significant changes in family life and education some of which have been negative. Certainly TV can be a powerful educational tool which can benefit the people; however, the effect that TV has had on our lives have not all been positive. Before television was widely available, families spent more time together talking and playing games. They seemed much closer to each other than modern families. Now many children even have their own TV in the bedroom so they spend very little time with their parents or brothers and sisters. Some people might argue that this helps young people to be independent, but I think this is a negative effect because they will be unable to communicate effectively or relate to others emotionally. Also the fact is that many people waste a lot of time watching poor quality programs which do not have a positive influence. Advertising, too, can have very negative effects. Furthermore TV is sometimes used to deliberately misinform people, for example when it is used as a propaganda tool by governments. I am sure there are some very practical ways in order to reduce the negative effects of TV in society. First off, I think the government must legislate rules according to the religious beliefs of the nation preventing the people in charge from broadcasting poor quality programs. Another thing the government can do is to provide education programs for parents and children instructing them about the negative effects of TV. And finally I think every single individual must understand that it is time to kick the habit of watching TV and take up a more beneficial and active hobby. In conclusion even though it can benefit the members of the society, I believe the one-eyed monster is doing a great harm which we must not ignore. (326 words)
In the future, students may have the choice of studying at home by using technology such as computers or television or of studying at traditional schools. Which would you prefer? Use reasons and specific details to explain your choice.
IELTS Essays, Letters, Graphs, Diagrams & Maps
Letters. In this essay. I will outline some problems linked to TV addiction and suggest some viable solutions. newspapers. Starting with the dangers. you won't watch one! To conclude. What are some of the problems associated with this and what recommendations can you offer? The word television comes from Greek and means "seeing far away". but with the right medicine. A final issue is that TV addicts may become antisocial. and other media pay too much attention to the personal lives of famous people such as public figures and celebrities. magazines. Indeed. Yet another alternative is to limit the number of televisions in the household. A further negative effect is that a lot of time is wasted. (271 words) Essay Practice Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Television.General Essay Samples 25. Diagrams & Maps 47 . this is particularly detrimental to children who need to learn good social skills. even covering screens with a sheet or blanket when they are not in use. many become obese. spending little quality time with family and friends. the more we watch it. people can set aside one hour a day and schedule other activities. To clarify. In fact. statistics show that frequent viewers watch TV for an average of three or more hours daily.Addiction to TV is becoming more and more common worldwide. recognizing that short-term actions have long-term consequences. the more short-sighted and narrow-minded we become. Graphs. people who watch too much TV frequently develop problems with their eyes and back and. such as sports or reading. However. addiction to TV is a widespread disease. there are remedies for this dangerous addiction. Individuals must take a long view towards the future. IELTS Essays. Use specific reasons and details to explain your opinion. TV is fast becoming as popular and dangerous as drugs. Fortunately. the best solution of all could be to kill the contraption! If you don't have a TV. health is one of the biggest. too. One answer is to budget the amount of time spent watching TV For example. in their leisure time. it can be cured. Unfortunately. Last.
the construction of a large factory can save people from commuting to and from work in the city center.General Essay Samples 26. I think living close to a large manufacturing firm certainly has a lot of considerable merits. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. I believe we need this factory. These days I hear news about a big company which intends to build a large factory in the proximity of my neighborhood. 48 IELTS Essays. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this new influence on your community. and the low unemployment has led to an increasing rate of crime and violence among the youth. The factory can help decrease the rate of unemployment in this area. Letters. The factory will also place more importance on our town. However. For example. even though it might cause some problems for the residents of the neighboring communities. Many people spend several hours commuting to and from work and many people have emigrated to other cities and have settled down there. if accurate measures to combat pollution are not taken the area may be threatened by pollution. On the whole. Others prefer using machines. there will be some problems for the residents too. The people may as well face more traffic jams in the neighborhood as more people rush into the town in the morning. Our town is disappearing and we need this factory to save it.A company has announced that it wishes to build a large factory near your community. (277 words) Essay Practice Some people like doing work by hand. Graphs. Do you support or oppose the factory? Use specific reasons to support your opinion. I mean more people will be traveling to our neighborhood and therefore the local businesses will flourish as well. people have been suffering from financial problems in recent years. Unfortunately recently there have been few employment opportunities in my community and most people go downtown in search of employment. therefore. Diagrams & Maps . Chemical wastes produced by the factory will contaminate the water resources and may endanger the lives of people as well as the ecosystem.
even though some people like living in small rural areas. Public facilities existing in a large modern city also include disabled facilities and sports facilities which a small town lacks. consider the hustle and bustle of a large modern city for instance. Diagrams & Maps 49 . Discuss both views and give your opinion. most large cities are crowded. noisy and at times polluted. and you can never find the peace and quiet of a small town in a large city. Others prefer to live in a big city. What are the advantages and disadvantages of living in a big city? Which place would you prefer to live in? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer. In conclusion. you cannot compare the facilities available in small towns and modern cities. Most people prefer to live in a large modern city since there is a wide range of facilities in a large modern city including transport facilities. educational facilities and a lot more. There is also usually a higher crime rate in large modern cities. However. Use specific reasons and examples to develop your essay. (309 words) Essay Practice It is better for children to grow up in the countryside than in a big city. it certainly causes some problems for them. of course I realize the fact that there are some disadvantages in living in a large modern city. There are enough employment opportunities in a small town and finally I cannot extend my education in a small town since there are not enough universities and colleges.General Essay Samples 27. such as medical facilities. there are large up-to-date hospitals and schools and other community facilities most of which are not available in a small town.Some people prefer to live in a small town. some people prefer to live in large modern cities and while the wide range of facilities available in a large modern city can benefit its inhabitants in so many different ways. IELTS Essays. Graphs. Letters. Nevertheless one can’t ignore the disadvantages either. Living expenses are also much higher in large cities and this forces the residents to work harder in order to earn a living. social and recreational facilities. I do prefer to live in a large modern city. the existing facilities in a modern city are far more extensive that those in a small town. Most people live in places where they can enjoy their lives.
But these days most children are vaccinated against most fatal diseases and their immune system is stronger. Discuss the causes of this phenomenon. 50 IELTS Essays.General Essay Samples 28. Diagrams & Maps . average life expectancy in many countries of the world has increased. people these days live longer in most countries of the world. Nowadays people carry their foods in sterilized packages and keep them in their fridges. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. Others feel that human activity makes the Earth a better place to live. hence the chances of contamination are low. I think the technological advances in different fields have helped people live longer than before and they will certainly pave the way for still a higher average life expectancy. Nowadays there are treatments for most diseases or at least people can take preventive measures against most of them. In areas where people were not close to mountainous areas. and they have tried throughout history to find ways to achieve longevity. Infant mortality rate was. Use specific reasons and details to develop your essay. Most people in the past did not have access to clean water recourses. nowadays the food that we eat and the water that we drink are hygienic. People nowadays can use fruits and vegetables from far-away places transported in refrigerated containers and can take in a range of vitamins and minerals therefore they are healthier.In general. Furthermore. In my opinion the most important reason for this phenomenon is adequate healthcare and better hygiene. therefore. and people will live a longer life providing they pay attention to their lifestyles. luckily their efforts have led to some good results and now according to official figures. In conclusion. In the past most people who contracted the formerly fatal diseases would die in no time. There were no remedies for such diseases and only a very small proportion of the people afflicted with a fatal disease would survive. Letters. Living longer has always been a dream for most human beings. Discuss both views and give your opinion. extremely high since children were more vulnerable and their immune system was the weakest. healthcare and hygiene. Graphs. (301 words) Essay Practice Some people believe that the Earth is being harmed by human activity. they had to consume even dirty water.
But with the speeding up of economic development. On the other hand. To keep abreast with the society.General Essay Samples 29. people are facing more and more pressure from various aspects of their lives. creating for them a happy and comfortable life. Sports can build up people’s physique and make them vigorous. I think the following suggestions are feasible and practical. To relieve the pressure. IELTS Essays. The economic globalization strengthened international cooperation and expanded people’s scope of activity. Secondly. what does success come from? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. people have to find a balance between money and health. they will have problems both physically and psychologically. This essay will explore the causes for the heavy pressure and put forward some feasible solutions. Graphs. people have to work very hard to finance their family. they have to provide a good education for their children. Others believe that success results from careful planning. Otherwise. people have to care for their parents. In your opinion. One of the major causes is that people’s living rhythm has been promoted immensely with the upgrading of neo-knowledge and hi-tech. If people live in heavy pressure. one’s health will be overdrawn and spoiled by earning money. In brief. What are the causes and how can we solve it? The acceleration of industrialization and the prosperity of economy benefit our society a great deal. Diagrams & Maps 51 . which is a very magic way to release ones pressure. The fierce social competition deprives people of their spare time and makes their life more stressful. good life should not be obtained at the price of the deterioration of one’s health. Letters. On the one hand. People should improve their lifestyles and lead a life of high quality. To earn more money. (324 words) Essay Practice Some people believe that success in life comes from taking risks or chances. people should communicate with others frequently and confess their trouble and difficulty to others. people have to work intensively on the one hand and improve their knowledge on the other. People in the current society have to shoulder the responsibility of family maintenance. people are suggested to go in for some sports games in their spare time or at the weekend. Firstly. Finally.It is said that people’s life now is becoming more and more stressful. Another factor comes from the pressure of people’s family.
the advantages of studying abroad outweigh the disadvantages greatly. Studying abroad brings about many advantages. they can make more contributions to the construction of our society. studying abroad can enhance students' ability to live independently. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of studying abroad for a period of time and give your own opinion. we still have a very long way to go.Most students upon graduation from high school choose to study abroad. 52 IELTS Essays. who can learn advanced knowledge and management experience so as to enhance the scientific level in our country. Diagrams & Maps . Discuss these views. compared with the developed countries in the world. Students have to deal with many problems when they study abroad. students will be confronted with so many psychological problems and most students get homesick after a short time. However. With the rapid development of societies. However. As a result. Finally most students are faced with crippling communication problems since there are not proficient enough at the target language. "Every coin has its two sides". Studying abroad provides opportunities to students. Letters. It widens students' knowledge and horizons. In order to acquire more knowledge. Besides. more and more people decide to further their study abroad. they can acquire some interpersonal skills. (316 words) Essay Practice Some people believe that a college or university education should be available to all students.General Essay Samples 30. They have to learn how to be accustomed to a new environment and how to get along with the teachers and classmates. the tuition fee is very high. They often feel lonely and helpless in a new environment. which is a very heavy financial burden to the average people. I encourage students to study abroad. studying abroad can pave the way for future progress and when students complete their curriculum. In spite of all the problems one may face. Since the reform and the policy of opening to the outside world. To sum up. Which view do you agree with? Explain why. and meanwhile cultivates their independence and personalities. Students can learn advanced knowledge and experience abroad. we have entered an era of information explosion. During their study. the scientific and technological level has been improved very rapidly. Studying abroad also brings about many disadvantages. China has strengthened cooperation with many countries. Furthermore. Graphs. Others believe that higher education should be available only to good students. Firstly.
Graphs.Graph. Diagram & Map Samples IELTS PROGRESS 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 First Then Next Afterward Finally Bandscore ACADEMIC MODULE writing task 1 (graph. diagram & map description) IELTS Essays. Letters. Diagrams & Maps 53 .
Graph. more women held undergraduate diplomas (70%) and marginally more women reached degree level (55%). and make comparisons where relevant. We can see immediately that there were substantial differences in the proportion of men and women at different levels. Post-school qualification in Australia according to gender 1999 Skilled vocational diploma undergraduate diploma Bachelor's degree Postgraduate diploma Master's degree 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Females Males Percentage of Males and F emales The chart gives information about post-school qualifications in terms of the different levels of further education reached by men and women in Australia in 1999. while more women reach undergraduate diploma level than men. By contrast. however. compared with only 10% of women. (155 words) 54 IELTS Essays. Graphs. Diagrams & Maps . Letters. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. The gender difference is smallest at the level of Bachelor’s degree.The bar graph below shows the different levels of post-school qualifications in Australia and the proportion of men and women who held them in 1999. where 90% of those who held a skilled vocational diploma were men. At the higher levels of education. The biggest gender difference is at the lowest post-school level. and also constituted 60% of master's degree. Thus we can see that more men than women hold qualifications at the lower and the higher levels of education. Diagram & Map Samples 1. men with postgraduate diplomas clearly outnumbered their female counterparts (70% and 30% respectively).
Diagrams & Maps 55 . the rate of poverty among couples is lower than singles. no children Sole parent Couple with children All households Proportion of people from each household type living in poverty 6% (54. However.The table below shows the proportion of different categories of families living in poverty in Australia in 1999. Older people were generally less likely to be poor.000) The table gives a breakdown of the different types of family who were living in poverty in Australia in 1999.000) 19% (359.000) 7% (211.837.Graph. Couples generally tended to be better off. with 21% and 19% respectively. Letters. no children Couple. and make comparisons where relevant. though once again the trend favoured elderly couples (only 4%) rather than single elderly people (6%). with lower poverty levels of couples without children (7%) than those with children (12%).000) 4% (48. 11% of all households. Graphs. It is noticeable that for both types of household with children. On average.000) 12% (933. As it can be seen from the graph. were in the state of poverty.000) 21% (232. (174 words) IELTS Essays. comprising almost two million people.000) 11% (1. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. Overall the table suggests that households of single adults and those with children were more likely to be living in poverty than those consisting of couples. a higher than average proportion were living in poverty at this time. Family Type Single aged person Aged couple Single. Diagram & Map Samples 2. those consisting of only one parent or a single adult had almost double this proportion of poor people.
followed by fish and chips at 24 pence. (193 words) 56 IELTS Essays.Graph. fish and chips were twice as popular as burgers. pizza was at that time the least popular fast food. spending more than twice as much on hamburgers (43 pence per person per week) than on fish and chips or pizza (both under 20 pence). The first chart shows that high income earners consumed considerably more fast foods than the other income groups. Expenditure on fast food by income groups 50 40 30 20 10 0 High Income Average Income Low Income Hamburgers Fish and Chips Pizza Consumption of fast foods 1970-1990 600 500 Grammes 400 300 200 100 0 1970 1975 1980 Fish and Chips Hamburgers Pizza The charts show the sum of money spent on fast foods among three income groups as well as the consumption rate of fast foods in Britain from 1970 to 1990. Diagrams & Maps . The consumption of hamburgers and pizza has risen steadily over the 20-year period to 1990 while the consumption of fish and chips has been in decline over the same period with a slight increase in popularity since 1985. Average income earners also favoured hamburgers. Low income earners spent less than other income groups on fast foods.The chart below shows the amount of money per week spent on fast foods in Britain. Diagram & Map Samples 3. followed by hamburgers and then pizza. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below. Letters. From the graph we can see that in 1970. though fish and chips remains their most popular fast food. then pizza at 11 pence. The graph shows the trends in consumption of fast foods. Graphs. spending 33 pence per person per week.
a drop of 28%.000 and 1. (202 words) IELTS Essays. and this rise continued up to a peak of 5.5 million tonnes in 1987. Between 1972 and 1977. US figures tumbled to 4 million tonnes in 1995. During the same period. US catches fluctuated around the 4 million tonne mark. and Canadian catches plunged to 0.The graph shows the rate of fish catches in the USA and Canada over a period of 30 years. while Canadian catches rose very slightly. Graphs. Although Canadian production is much lower. US fish catches averaged between 2. Diagram & Map Samples 4. In the following four years. a drop of 66%. it echoes US figures. Letters. there was a sudden decline in both countries. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features.1 million tonnes. From 1987 onwards. however. The most significant feature is that fish catches have declined drastically in both the US and Canada since the mid-1980s.5 million tonnes. and make comparisons where relevant. In 1997. In general. while Canadian landings fluctuated between 800. declining or increasing at the same rate. Annual Fish Catch: North America 6 Millions of tonnes 5 4 3 2 1 0 US Canada 1972 1974 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 The graph shows changes in fish catches for the US and Canada over the last 30 years.75 million tonnes per year.5 million tonnes. Canada's catch increased from 1 million tonnes to 1.Graph. an increase of 50%. there was a big increase in fish caught in the US.5 and 2. both Canadian and the much larger US catch have declined dramatically since their peak in the mid-1980s. Diagrams & Maps 2000 57 .
the islands neighbouring Australia. Immigrants from Northeast and Southeast Asia accounted for 41% of new citizens in 1992. at 19. and make comparisons where relevant. this figure had shot up to 9300. or 20% in 2002. Graphs. Nth Africa) 10% North America 2% Europe & former USSR 20% 2002 Oceania 22% India.000. Diagrams & Maps . Nth Africa) 3% North America 2% Europe & former USSR 24% 1992 Southeast Asia 21% Northeast Asia 20% South & Central America 1% Middle East & North Africa 7% Africa (excl. This represented 25 of all immigrants to Australia. However. By 2002. Another large increase was in immigration from Oceania. immigration dropped.Graph. with just 25. Diagram & Map Samples 5. By 2002 they made up the largest single group. but this figure dropped to just 17. In conclusion. and the number of immigrants from Europe and Asia declined.000. almost 27. South & Central America 3% Middle East & North Africa 7% Oceania 10% India. although Europe is still an important source of people seeking to live in Australia.000 Europeans moved to Australia. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. Pakistan Southeast Asia 16% Northeast Asia 12% The pie charts show changes in Australian immigration between 1992 and 2002. In 1992.000 people. Sri Lanka. or 22%. Overall. Pakistan 10% Africa (excl. (200 words) 58 IELTS Essays. the number of immigrants from Africa went up sharply. There was also a drop in the number and proportion of immigrants from North and South America and from the Middle East. In 1992.The pie charts show the trends in the Australian immigration from 1992 to 2002. Letters. The biggest single group of immigrants in both years is from Europe. but this figure plunged to just 28% in 2002. only 3% of immigrants to Australia were African. immigration dropped overall. Sri Lanka. and applicants from regions such as Africa and Oceania became more numerous. or 10%.
whereas in the wealthy nations. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. Letters. more treatable infectious and parasitic diseases. whereas people in richer countries die due to cancer. They also suffer because of a lack of resources to treat heart disease. Cancer is also a major cause of death. most people in poorer countries die because of simpler. (215 words) IELTS Essays. In summary. In the industrial countries. and make comparisons where relevant.Graph. This compares to just 2% of deaths in poorer countries. they account for only 1% of the deaths. Diagram & Map Samples 6. The greatest difference however. However. at 24%. heart disease. These make up almost half of all deaths in poorer countries. over half of deaths in the developed world are the result of other diseases. Graphs. In contrast. at 43%. but only 1% of diseases in developed countries. but almost double that in the poorer countries. It accounts for almost a quarter of deaths in the affluent countries. Developing Countries Cancer 9% Other 2% Infectious & Parasitic Diseases 46% Heart Disease 43% Infectious & Parasitic Diseases 1% Industrialized/ Developed Countries Heart Disease 24% Other 54% Cancer 21% The two pie charts show differences in the causes of diseases in rich countries and in the developing world. and a wider range of other illnesses. in third world countries. 21% of deaths are due to cancer. In both rich and poor countries heart disease is the biggest single killer. Diagrams & Maps 59 . it only makes up 9% of fatalities. is infectious diseases. The biggest difference is that infectious diseases still kill millions of people in poorer countries.The pie charts show the causes of diseases in developing and the developed countries.
5% Oil The two pie charts illustrate the production of electricity in the US by source in 1970 and 1984. this had declined to just 12.3% 1970 Coal 46.1% Nuclear 1.4% Natural Gas 12.2% Oil 12. Natural Gas 24.The pie charts below show the forms of energy used to generate electricity in the USA in two years. Graphs. and this figure increased to 55% in 1984. Letters. producing 46% of electricity. Diagrams & Maps . Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features.0% Hydro-electric Power 16. hydroelectric power. nuclear energy gained in importance.3% Hydro-electric Power 13. In contrast. although nuclear power grew in importance. It rose from just 1. Diagram & Map Samples 7. However. while natural gas. coal-powered stations were the main source of electricity in the US. Hydroelectric power also declined over the same period. it can be said that coal was the most important source of electrical power in both years. more electricity was produced from coal and nuclear energy.3%. In 1970.5% 1984 Nuclear 13. by 1984.7% Coal 55. showing a ten-fold increase. In summary. In general. and make comparisons where relevant. The second most important source of power in 1970 was the natural gas. from 16% to less than 14%.Graph. (153 words) 60 IELTS Essays.4% of production in 1970 to almost 14% in 1984. with almost 25%. and oil declined in importance.
Its temperature fluctuates very little. Graphs. with very different characteristics. Cairo. and Cape Town. The hottest place shown on the graph is Cairo.The graph shows the average monthly temperatures in three African countries. In conclusion.Mombasa. Overall. The line graph gives information about the average monthly temperatures in three African cities . Diagram & Map Samples 8. Letters. Cape Town does not have the range that Cairo has. being both the hottest and coldest place shown in the graph. In July and August. Cairo also has the biggest variation in climate. When it is winter in Cairo. but Mombasa is warm all year round. (206 words) IELTS Essays. after which it drops gradually to about 55 degrees in its winter In contrast to Cairo or Cape Town.Graph. each city has its own different climate. during January and February. This is equal to Cape-Town’s lowest temperature in July. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. Cairo is hottest when Cape Town is coldest. location is very important in deciding climate. it is summer in Cape Town. In fact Cairo and Cape Town are almost opposites in temperature. Mombasa is warm all year round. However. Diagrams & Maps 61 . ranging from a low of 75 to a maximum of 83 in March. Temperatures drop to as low as 55 degrees in Cairo’s winter. and make comparisons where relevant. Its maximum temperature is 70º F from November to February. average temperatures rise to over 80º Fahrenheit.
The Corolla has a bigger engine but the Micra does more miles to the gallon. Letters. the power and the fuel consumption of four different models of cars produced in three different countries.800. (161 words) 62 IELTS Essays. Graphs. although it does more miles to the gallon than either of them. The Golf has the biggest engine size at 1600cc and is the least economical as it only does 40 miles to the gallon. and have almost similar prices. The former costs $15.250 $15. The Ford Focus is in the same price range as the Corolla and the Focus at $15.800 $15. The Toyota Corolla and the Nissan Micra are both made in Japan. The Volkswagen Golf is made in Germany and is the most expensive of the four cars as it is priced at $18.Graph. Diagrams & Maps . and make comparisons where relevant. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. Diagram & Map Samples 9.500 Country of origin Japan Germany USA Japan Engine size 1400cc 1600cc 1400cc 1200cc Miles per gallon 48 40 50 52 The table compares the price. In conclusion.550 while the latter is $50 cheaper.550 $18. Make Toyota Corolla Volkswagen Golf Ford Focus Nissan Micra Price $15. they are more expensive and also consume more fuel.The table below shows four different cars manufactured in three different countries. the table shows that as the engine of the cars get bigger.250.
and modern teaching methods. and cost. at only 20% of students. About 90% of students mentioned this as a reason. the reasons for choosing a particular university can be divided into teaching related reasons and non-teaching reasons. In conclusion. More than three quarters of the students said that cost of tuition was an important reason for choosing a college. The survey of 1.Graph. Cost was a major factor. Some factors were relatively unimportant. The friendliness of a university was given as a reason by two-thirds of students. Another important reason is teaching facilities. The top three reasons are language of tuition. Diagram & Map Samples 10. the quality of the staff and facilities. Diagrams & Maps 63 . Non-teaching related reasons were also important. and the quality of teachers respectively.The bar graph below shows some information gathered from a 1. but the most important factors are language. (226 words) IELTS Essays. About 70% of the respondents picked this as a reason for their choice of school. These included good language support. The reputation of the university was also a crucial factor. Language of tuition comes top of the survey at 95%. Reasons for Choosing a University Friendliness Cost of tuition Location Language of tuition Up-to-date teaching facilities Good language support Modern teaching methods Cost of accommodation etc Quality of teachers Good preparation for w ork Reputation 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 % The chart shows 11 reasons why first-year students from overseas chose a particular university. Graphs. This also accounted for 90% of student choices.000 first year overseas students about the factors affecting their decisions when choosing a university. A similar number picked a college based on accommodation costs. Letters. The third top reason was the quality of the staff.000 first year overseas students was carried out at universities in the UK. at 30%. and make comparisons where relevant. up-to-date teaching facilities. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features.
Russia and France. This is twice as high as the other countries in this group. The countries with the highest energy requirements are the USA. Egypt. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. In conclusion. Diagrams & Maps . Graphs. Of these the USA has by far the highest rate of energy consumption with 11. and make comparisons where relevant.The following table shows how much coal it would take to make all the energy that people use in different countries. the Philippines and Thailand have similar requirements ranging from 322 down to 33.839 kg in Japan to 646 in Brazil. The figures mentioned are in kilograms. Letters.Graph. the table shows that the energy requirements of the USA are much higher than any of the other 14 countries. Germany. The next group of five countries has energy needs ranging from 3. The table gives us information regarding the amount of coal which is required to meet the energy demands of fifteen selected countries. Diagram & Map Samples 11. the UK. The energy needed for the top group is higher than the other two groups combined. In the last group Turkey is at the top with 628 kg.485 kilograms. (154 words) 64 IELTS Essays.
Diagram & Map Samples 12. by comparison.2 % of injuries during competition or practice 83 84 95 83 83 95 95 71 91 79 Australian football Soccer Rugby Cricket Basketball Netball Hockey Martial Arts Squash Volleyball This table presents some information regarding the number of sporting injuries which leads to emergency hospital treatment.4 2. the table shows that Australian football had the most injuries with rugby having the highest percentage of injuries ending up in hospital.5%.4 4. Letters.777 in soccer to 3098 in netball. rugby.1 1. Sport Number of sports injuries 10. Graphs.1 10. The vast majority of all sports injuries happened during practice or competition with the lowest figure being just over 70% for martial arts up to over 95% for hockey.9 1. This is a quarter of all the injuries reported. (185 words) IELTS Essays.8 7. Hockey.6 6. squash and volleyball all had significantly lower numbers of injuries compared to the other sports mentioned.The table below shows the incidence of injuries caused in different sports.5 9.2 8.5 3. Diagrams & Maps 65 . Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.122 3777 3636 3408 3228 3098 1219 882 787 776 % of sports injuries 24. cricket.Graph. basketball and netball have similar numbers ranging from 3.9 % admitted to Hospital 7. martial arts..000 reported cases. Soccer. Rugby has the highest number amongst all the other sports in the number of people admitted to hospital with almost 11% Basketball.0 2. It is obvious that while Australian football causes more injuries than all the other sports.5 7.1 2.8 8. The highest number of injuries occurs in Australian football with over 10. Rugby seems to be the most dangerous sport. only has 4% hospital cases and netball 2.3 7. In conclusion.5 3.2 5.9 5.
rising from 23% in 1966 to 45% in 1996. Other areas changed significantly. but this dropped by two thirds to 14% in 1996. computers. spending habits of US families changed remarkably over the 30-year period. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below. Food accounted for 44% of spending in 1966. However. Diagram & Map Samples 13. Americans spent approximately the same amount of salary on petrol and furniture in both years. Food and cars made up the two biggest items of expenditure in both years. However. (176 words) 66 IELTS Essays. As it can be seen clearly from the charts. Diagrams & Maps . In conclusion. 1966 1996 The pie charts show changes in American spending patterns between 1966 and 1996. The proportion of salary spent on computers increased dramatically. Letters.Graph. Spending on eating out doubled. climbing from 7% to 14%. money spent on cars. and eating out accounted for most of the expenditure of the American people. Graphs. up from 1% in 1996 to 10% in 1996. as computer expenditure rose. the outlay on cars doubled. Together they comprised over half of household spending. Some areas remained relatively unchanged.The pie charts below show the US spending patterns in two different years. the percentage of outlay on books plunged from 6% to 1%.
When combined with the 16-30 age group. rising from 4% in 1998 to 10% in 2000. Diagram & Map Samples 14. There were similar increases for older users. The main users of the Internet in Taiwan are young adults between 16 and 30 years old. they accounted for more than half of all users. this number dropped steadily as more children and older users log on. They made up 41% in 1998. In 1998. Graphs. In 1999 the number dropped slightly to 45%. In 1999. and it continued to increase in 2000. their share declined as more children and older users joined the web. over 94% of users in 1998 were between 16 and 50. In summary.The table below gives information about the percentage of the internet users according to age? Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.30 years 31 to 50 years 10 2 4 8 8 9 50 or more 1998 1999 2000 The graph shows changes in the age profile of Internet users in Taiwan between 1998 and 2000. However. Letters. (181 words) IELTS Essays. the number of children online quadrupled from 2% to 8%. Diagrams & Maps 67 . The second biggest group of users is aged between 31 and 50. falling slightly to 37% in 2000.Graph. while adults between 16 and 50 represented the great majority of Internet users in Taiwan. % 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 53 41 Who Uses the Internet? 45 39 44 37 Percent Less than 15 16 . but even in 2000 they were the biggest group.
Letters. there were significant increases for men. from 49% of men in 1990 to 57% over the ten year period. the increases in literacy rates for women were much higher. Diagrams & Maps . by Country. In conclusion. Even in countries with relatively high literacy rates. such as China or Brazil. The difference was even bigger in Pakistan. Overall more and more people are able to read. for men and women. the percentage of non-illiterate women jumped from 35% to 44% and in Pakistan from 20% to 28% over the decade. but only 25% of women.Graph. with 50% of men being literate but only 20% of women. Even in Kuwait and China. almost all the countries in the graph have a long way to go before achieving 100% literacy rates. slightly more men than women could read and write. The second biggest trend in the graph is the improvement in literacy between 1990 and 2000. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below. and women in particular need support in order to increase their reading ability. although they lag behind men in literacy. Literacy Rates. Diagram & Map Samples 15. (265 words) 68 IELTS Essays. and women appear to be catching up even in the lowest countries. For example. and there have been significant improvements for women. 45% of men could read and write. However. However. 1990 and 2000 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Bangladesh Brazil China Egypt Kuwait Pakistan Male 1990 Male 2000 Female 1990 Female 2000 The graph shows changes in literacy rates in different countries between 1990 and 2000. In all countries shown. figures for both men and women improved. Graphs. The biggest change was in Pakistan. all countries improved over the ten years. In Egypt.The chart below shows the literacy rates of six different countries in 1990 and 2000. in Bangladesh in 1990. The most obvious trend in the graph is that women have lower illiteracy rates in most of the countries in the graph.
the percentage of obese men is about 9%. at less than 15% of the population. the difference can hardly be noticed. Australia. the obesity rate among women tends to be much higher. are the most obese. at 24%. Letters. In other countries.Mexican France Russia Finland Canada Netherlands USA . Netherlands and Finland. The lowest rates of obesity are found in France. at an average 23%. In conclusion. are identical.Graph. Black American women. Although the figure for men is only 10%. Graphs. there are significant differences between countries. (232 words) IELTS Essays. In Finland. France and the Netherlands.The chart below shows the percentage of obese people in 12 different countries. The USA. However. Secondly. have the highest rates of obesity. however. Diagram & Map Samples 16. the rate of obesity for Russian women is over 25%. White males. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below. there are slightly more obese men than women. There are also huge differences between the sexes. but the black males are only slightly fatter than white US males. the rate differs for different groups inside each population. The figures for Canadian males and females. which is only 1% higher than the figure for women.Black Australia .White USA . There are two trends in the graph. rates vary greatly between countries. but females are more obese than males in most countries. at 20% have a lower rate of obesity than Mexican-American males. In France. at 37%. Diagrams & Maps 69 USA . at 15%. at 24%. America is the country with the highest rate of obesity. Obesity: Percentage of Population 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Men Women % of obese people Germany Czech Republic UK Country The graph shows the percentage of obese men and women in different countries. First of all. and the Czech Republic.
The biggest increase was between 1990 and 2000. Diagram & Map Samples 17. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below. In conclusion. Meat Consumption. Graphs. increasing four times. from just 35 kilos to almost 50kg. That was the period when poultry consumption overtook beef for the first time. Americans are eating much more meat overall than they were in 1950. Sales of beef peaked in 1970 at almost 50kg and have declined steadily since then. This soared from just 12 kilograms per person per year in 1950 to almost 50 kilograms in 2000. but the proportion of chicken and turkey products has increased sharply. Letters. while beef consumption is declining in importance. (190 words) 70 IELTS Essays. Overall. per person per year in kilograms 60 50 Kilograms 40 30 20 10 0 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 Poultry Beef The graph shows changes in the amount of chicken and beef eaten in the USA over the last 50 years. The biggest change in the graph is the increase in poultry consumption. when it jumped almost by half. The other trend in the graph is the decline in beef consumption.The graph below shows the amount of meat consumed in the USA between 1950 and 2000. while Americans are eating more and more chicken. 1950-2000.Graph. USA. there has been a big drop since 1970. Diagrams & Maps . beef consumption is declining. Although more beef was eaten in 2000 than in 1950. at 40 kilos per person per year compared to 32 kilos in 1950.
Graph, Diagram & Map Samples
18- The graph below shows the number of London Underground station passengers from 6 am to 22 pm. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.
London Underground station passengers
Number of people
500 400 300 200 100
6:00 7:00 8:00 9:00 10:00 11:00 12:00 13:00 14:00 15:00 16:00 17:00 18:00 19:00 20:00 21:00 22:00
The graph shows the fluctuation in the number of people at a London underground station over the course of a day from 6 am to 22 pm. The busiest time of the day is in the morning. There is a sharp increase between 06:00 and 08:00, with 400 people using the station at 8 o'clock. After this the numbers drop quickly to less than 200 at 10 o'clock. Between 11 am and 3 pm the number rises, with a plateau of just under 300 people using the station. In the afternoon, numbers decline, with less than 100 using the station at 4 pm. There is then a rapid rise to a peak of 380 at 6pm. After 7 pm, numbers fall significantly, with only a slight increase again at 8pm, tailing off after 9 pm. Overall, the graph shows that the station is most crowded in the early morning and early evening periods. (153 words)
IELTS Essays, Letters, Graphs, Diagrams & Maps
Graph, Diagram & Map Samples
19- The graph below shows the oil production capacity in six different Persian Gulf countries. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.
Oil Production Capacity
Millions of VBarrels per Day
14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0
Iran Iraq Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia UAE
1990 2000 2005 2010
The graph shows Oil Production Capacity in millions of barrels per day for selected Gulf countries. There are several features in this graph. The most significant feature is that oil production will increase sharply in almost all the countries shown. Kuwait and Iraq are both expected to double their output between 1990 and 2010, with Kuwait's production rising from 1.8 million barrels per day (bpd) in 1990 to 3.8 in 2010. Iran will also increase its output by a slightly smaller amount. After remaining steady at 2.5 million bpd from 1990 to 2000, the UAE's output is expected to approach 4.0 million bpd in 2010. Only Qatar's production is predicted to fall, back to 0.8 million bpd after a slight rise in 2000. However, the greatest increase will be from Saudi Arabia. In 1990, its output capacity at 8.5 million bpd exceeded the combined production of Iran, Iraq and Kuwait. This lead is expected to continue with a 75% increase in production to 14.5 million bpd 2010. In summary, while most of the countries are expected to show increases, Saudi Arabia will maintain and strengthen its position as the major producer. (191 words)
IELTS Essays, Letters, Graphs, Diagrams & Maps
Graph, Diagram & Map Samples
20- The table below gives information about the number of children killed in road accidents in a 3-month period in 2004 in USA Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below. Where accidents occurred Going to school Returning from school Playing in the street Cycling in the street Shopping for their parents TOTAL Age 2-4 2 2 98 1 5 108 Age 5-7 12 17 81 10 32 152 Age 8 - 11 8 10 28 25 12 83 Age 12 - 14 2 3 5 8 2 20 Age 15 - 16 1 2 2 1 1 7 Total 25 34 214 45 52 370
The table shows the number of road accidents which involved children in 1995. Five age groups were mentioned. The highest number of accidents involved children playing in the street with 214 out of a total of 370. The vast majority of these involved children between 2 and 7. The number dropped in each age group and there were only 2 of this type of accident amongst 14 to 16 year olds. Shopping for parents accounted for 52 accidents, with the highest figure being in the 5 to 7 group. Cycling in the street came next with the most accidents amongst children aged between 5 and 13. Journeys to and from school were the least number of accidents although younger school children were more likely to be involved. The table shows that the highest number of accidents involved younger children. Children aged between 2 and 7 accounted for 260 accidents which is around two thirds of the total. (157 words)
IELTS Essays, Letters, Graphs, Diagrams & Maps
market research. (249 words) 74 IELTS Essays. these are stored for later assembly. but is also influenced by testing and market research. Most consumer goods go through a series of stages before they emerge as finished products ready for sale. The level of sales. Thus the reality of consumer goods manufacturing goes well beyond a simple linear production process. If the testing stage (after assembly and inspection) reveals unacceptable problems in the finished product. dispatched and offered for sale in retail outlets. Market research. Once obtained. which examines the extent and nature of the demand for products. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the process shown. helps determine production planning. which is the end point of the manufacturing process. Graphs. After assembly. The production planning stage itself follows the requirements of the goods' design stage that proceeds from extensive research. the products are inspected and tested to maintain quality control. A product's design is not only the result of product research. has the role of guiding product design to suit consumer demands which may change with time. Letters. But assembly first depends upon the production planning stage. Similarly. where it is decided how and in what quantities the stored materials will be processed to create sufficient quantities of finished goods. Raw materials and manufactured components comprise the initial physical input in the manufacturing process. Those units that pass the inspection and testing stages are then packaged. Diagrams & Maps . then adjustments will have to be made to the product's design. Diagram & Map Samples The diagram below shows the typical stages of consumer goods manufacturing. including the process by which information is fed back to earlier stages to enable adjustment.Graph. while influenced by product sales. also serves to foster future sales by devising suitable advertising for the goods.
they get packaged and delivered to their final destination. which was just below the surface of soil in certain clay-rich areas. has to be dug up by a digger. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. whose motion further segregates the bits of clay.Graph. which fall through the metal grid onto a roller. The dried bricks are then transferred to a so-called kiln. Those fresh bricks are then kept in a drying oven for at least 24 and a maximum of 48 hours. Sand and water are added to make a homogenous mixture. Graphs. Letters. Then the lumps of clay are placed on a metal grid in order to break up the big chunks of clay into much smaller areas. (228 words) IELTS Essays. Diagram & Map Samples The diagram below shows the process by which bricks are manufactured for the building industry. Diagrams & Maps 75 . which is then either formed in moulds or cut into brickshaped pieces by means of a wire cutter. another type of high temperature oven. be it a building site or storage. and make comparisons where relevant. clay. First the raw material. The process by which bricks are manufactured for the building industry can be outlined in seven consecutive steps. First they are kept at a moderate temperature of 200 degrees Celsius which is then raised to the maximum temperature of1300 degrees Celsius. several dozens if not hundreds of bricks at a time. This process is followed by cooling down the finished bricks for 48 to 72 hours in a cooling chamber. Once the bricks have cooled down and have become hard.
they are announced to the test takers. The student has to complete two sections devoted to use of language: the computer corrected test and the written composition. The raters will be able to retrieve the information and play the students' recordings as many times as necessary. after completing these two sections. The test consists of three sections. Grouping and Analysing Score verification The diagram shows the various stages of an exam administration.Graph. Diagram & Map Samples The diagram below shows the process by which exams are taken in a computer room. (163 words) 76 IELTS Essays. Finally if the results are verified by the exam committee. Then the scores are transferred to the database and then grouped and analysed accordingly. The first section of the test is corrected by both the computer and the rater. As shown in the diagram. Afterwards. As we can the exam is taken in a computer room. the student will take the third section of the test that is the oral test. Letters. Graphs. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. the written composition and the oral test. Diagrams & Maps . namely the self-corrected test. the data is stored and transferred to the raters section in the back office.
and make comparisons where relevant. (162 words) IELTS Essays. Unsatisfactory clips are rejected. while the other two consist of quality control before the clips are sent out from the factory to the retailers to be sold to the public. Two of these stages involve actual preparation of the clips. To begin with. a quality control machine checks them for strength. the colours are red. In the third stage in the process the clips are stored by hand into two groups. Diagram & Map Samples The diagram below shows the process by which plastic paper clips are manufactured. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. When this stage is complete the groups are checked a second time to ensure that the colour mixtures are divided correctly into single colours and mixed colour batches. The diagram illustrates the manufacturing process of plastic paper clips. There are four main stages in the production of plastic paper clips from this small factory. molten plastic is poured into three different moulds depending on the colour required.Graph. Letters. Once these clips emerge from the moulds. blue and yellow. Finally. the clips are packed and dispatched to the markets. Diagrams & Maps 77 . mixed and single colours. Graphs.
it is returned to the boiler to be re-heated and circulated round the house again. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. located in different rooms. Letters. Diagram & Map Samples The diagram below shows how a central heating system in a house works. The cold water enters the house and is stored in a water storage tank in the roof. The boiler. boiler and pipes ensure a constant flow of hot water to both the radiators and the taps. which have small tubes inside them to help distribute the heat. It shows how the tank. Some of the water is directed to the taps to provide hot water for the house. The water circulates through the radiators. Diagrams & Maps . Graphs. which is fuelled by gas or oil. located on the ground floor of the house. (172 words) 78 IELTS Essays. and this warms each of the rooms. Once the water has been through the pipes and radiators. heats up the water as it passes through it. This diagram provides an overview of a domestic central heating system. and make comparisons where relevant. The hot water is then pumped round the house through a system of pipes and flows into the radiators. From there it flows down to the boiler.Graph.
Diagram & Map Samples The diagram below shows how olive oil is produced. Still. the oil is then refined and finally the product is combined with virgin olive oil to produce a type of olive oil with less than 1. there are various types of olive oil depending on the acidity level. and make comparisons where relevant. At first olives are collected and then they are milled in a milling machine.5% acidity. As described before. Diagrams & Maps 79 . (166 words) IELTS Essays. the cold-pressed olive oil may undergo some other stages. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features.5% acidity. as shown in the diagram. The extracted oil is then either prepared to be refined or is cold-pressed to produce cold-pressed olive oil. Graphs. The milled olives are then pressed and the oil is extracted. Finally. The process may result in either extra virgin olive oil with 1% or less acidity or virgin olive oil with more than 1% or less than 3% acidity. Having been prepared. The diagram provides a step-by-step overview of olive oil production process. Letters.Graph. coldpressed olive oil may be combined with refined olive oil to produce a third type of olive oil with less than 1.
Graphs.Graph. Site C is also located is the countryside to the south of the city.B and C) Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. Diagrams & Maps . Parking space will not be a problem in site B as the countryside is quite empty. however since it is surrounded by the residential and industrial areas. Site A is located in the residential area near the traffic-free zone which may make it difficult for people to drive to the shopping center. site B is located in the countryside to the northeast of the city and people can easily drive to the shopping center as it is close to the motorway. But you can use the railway to get to the shopping center. people can easily commute from and to the shopping center via the railway. As it is located in the residential area. Unlike site A. In conclusion. and make comparisons where relevant. The map shows the potential sites where a new shopping center may be constructed in the city of Pellington. Diagram & Map Samples The map below shows three possible sites for the construction of a shopping center (A. driving to the shopping center is still a problem. Yet. I think site B is the best as it is close to the motorway and away from the residential and the industrial areas. Letters. (208 words) 80 IELTS Essays. parking space may be still another problem and the area on which the shopping center is going to be built may be limited.
000 Residential Industrial Traffic-free Zone Countryside Highway Subway The map shows the various residential areas in the city of New Townsville According to the map. however.000 70 60 50 Airport 40 30 20 10 B: population 0 80. It is not a crowded city in comparison with its area. Letters. as there is no access to the subway. However. considering the public facilities in the residential area C. Diagrams & Maps 81 . New Townsville Park 90 C: population 80 160. it is the most convenient residential area in the city. Graphs. It is also in the proximity of the airport. (218 words) IELTS Essays. residential area A is located to the southeast of the city and it has a population of 90. The residential area C which is located to the northwest of the city is the most populated and the smallest area in the city of New Townsville. commuting from and to the city center which is a traffic-free zone is not easy. Moreover. On the whole. and make comparisons where relevant.000 1st Qtr 2nd Qtr 3rd Qtr 4th Qtr East West North A: population 90. Nevertheless. there is no access to the highway which makes it difficult to commute from and to the neighboring residential areas as well as the park in one's private car. it is far away from the airport and the park.000 people. Diagram & Map Samples The map below shows three different residential areas in the city of New Townsville. it is close to the airport and the park and it has access to both the subway and the highway. The residential area B which is the least populated area is located in the southwest of the city and it has access to the subway as well.Graph. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features.
Letters.Academic Essay Samples ACADEMIC MODULE writing task 2 (essay) 82 IELTS Essays. Diagrams & Maps . Graphs.
comprising customs clerks. it is a price well worth paying to ensure an open society in which each of us determines our own behaviour. I have yet to encounter a valid argument for any form of censorship. Diagrams & Maps 83 . Censorship is widely practiced all over the world. in my opinion probably the most obvious example of intolerance in our society today is the existence of censorship. First. IELTS Essays. Graphs. However. What is your opinion? Use specific reasons o support your point of view. It may increase the rate of sex crime or violence in our community. to take one example. while others believe in order to have an open society.Academic Essay Samples 1. I believe the harmful effects of these scenes can never be denied. apparently deemed by law to be invulnerable to those supposedly corrupting influences of pornography and violence. the current position is farcical. as it stands. Letters. The arguments are specious and shallow and constitute nothing more than the imposition of one group’s morality on another. policemen and arbitrarily-appointed members of various tribunals. should these people retire or change their employment. the law of censorship must be totally abolished. In conclusion. children frequently being the alleged victims quoted. Such arguments as are presented invariably take the form of concern for the well-being of others.Some people believe that the society must ban violent and pornographic scenes from being broadcast on TV. A small group of officials. they suddenly join the masses becoming corruptible like the rest of us and must now be protected However. as it is supposed to protect people against the harm caused by the violent and pornographic scenes broadcast on TV. are. however. censorship is an all or nothing situation and even if proof can be made of harm to some through the absence of censorship. (270 words) Essay Practice How do movies or television influence people's behavior? Use reasons and specific examples to support your answer. I much acknowledge that the violence and pornography shown on TV may inflict some harm on the youth and teenagers in our society. Furthermore.
Discuss both these views and give your own opinion. Capital Punishment is a difficult issue and there are as many different opinions as there are people. Nevertheless. Lethal injection is the most common form of death. criminals committing certain crimes must be executed. The money used to pay for the death row (including court appeals) comes out of the taxpayers’ wallets. Capital punishment in this situation may seem to be the only solution. however others think free will is the most important factor in one’s life. Another reason I think that Capital Punishment should be made illegal is that life imprisonment without parole serves the same purposes as capital punishment at less cost. In conclusion. I think that Capital Punishment should be made illegal. If Capital Punishment were made illegal. What is your opinion? Use specific reasons to support your point of view. Secondly I think that the death penalty is almost not a punishment because you are not around to be punished like if you were in jail with the poor living conditions and no freedom. however we must be very suspicious of the decision we make.S costs approximately three times the amount it would to have them serve a life sentence in prison. they go to the second part of the trial – the punishment phase. Letters. Right now. whereas if they were put in jail they could be released and given compensation. (306 words) Essay Practice Some people believe environmental factors are more important than a person’s free will in determining whether or not he/she may turn to crime. they also cause a lot of problems in jail and do not seem to be lamenting the crime they have carried out against other individuals.Some people believe capital punishment must be banned while others think in order to protect individuals. Graphs. Firstly it is possible to execute someone who is innocent. Diagrams & Maps . this money could go to other projects in need of the funds like building new prisons. 84 IELTS Essays. nevertheless. to execute a person in the U. The death penalty is the most severe form of punishment in the world today.Academic Essay Samples 2. Once the jury has proved a criminal guilty. I still believe that some criminals are just incorrigible and insane. If this does happen it cannot be undone. I hope we understand that it is all too easy to take a person’s life.
In my opinion for justice to prevail. IELTS Essays.Some people believe capital punishment must be banned while others think in order to protect individuals. There are certainly people who unintentionally kill a person. cable TV.Academic Essay Samples 3. and lethal injection are all methods of execution used all around the world to punish murderers. family visits and endless appeals. gas. Graphs. killing an unborn child. In 1991. The subject of capital punishment has been under debate for a long time. Others call it immoral and unethical. he is a murderer. Consequently as most nations agree with this method and I think we should keep it. I personally believe that it should be used as a punishment by our government. The killer should not lie in some prison with three meals a day. What is your opinion? Use specific reasons o support your point of view. Discuss both these views and finally give your own opinion. we must remember that not every killer is as brutal as the killer in the above-mentioned case. clean sheets. Diagrams & Maps 85 . in my opinion the jury before issuing its verdict must consider every single aspect and then make a decision. the scripture clearly approves of the death penalty by saying that "if he strikes him with an iron implement. And most countries around the world have the death penalty as a method of punishment. I have many facts to support my opinion. Also. (336 words) Essay Practice Some people believe drug addicts are patients and they should not be treated as criminals. Some believe it is a good way to punish murderers. a young mother was rendered helpless and made to watch as her baby was executed. Letters. so that he dies. In conclusion. then why can the society not use the death penalty to punish murderers who have been tried and convicted of their crime? In addition. The mother was then mutilated and killed. others believe drug addicts threaten the citizens’ social security just like criminals and they need to be punished. some killers just need to die. Hanging. it is legal in almost two-thirds of the countries including our own country. criminals committing certain crimes must be executed. if a mother can have an abortion. innocent of any crime. However. Statistics say that over 60% of people around the world believe in using the death penalty. firing squad. the murderer shall surely be put to death”. That is almost a two-to-one ratio. I believe a person who dares kill another human being with no mercy must be executed. electrocution. Furthermore.
Nowadays companies spend a lot of money on advertisement. It is decisive to make the brand recognizable through a logo or reputation so that people can easily recall them.Academic Essay Samples 4. Letters. and in what ways they can benefit from those certain products. First of all companies would like to increase their sales figures by advertising their products on a daily basis. companies regard advertisement as one of the best ways to introduce and promote their products and this is because nowadays people are greatly influenced by the advertisement broadcast on TV and radio. Therefore. a company or an individual tries to communicate the brand personality. the primary purpose of an advertisement is to sell a certain product. (268 words) Essay Practice Some people say that advertising encourages us to buy things we really do not need. In addition through advertising. Diagrams & Maps . It is important that the consumers see how they can fit these products or services into their daily lives. but advertising has many other purposes too. I mean they try to enhance the company’s image and make people trust the brand when they want to purchase a product and finally convey the type of company that is selling the product. Which viewpoint do you agree with? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. Others say that advertisements tell us about new products that may improve our lives. The final reason why most firms spend such vast sums of money on advertising campaigns is building up a brand name. or to help meet specific goals. what are the main reasons for advertisement. Use specific reasons to support your opinion. Another reason for advertising is indicating the brand’s place in the community. Higher sales figures and production rate is one of the most important goals of every company and in order to achieve this goal companies try to heavily advertise their products. They always allocate a great percentage of their annual income to press and TV advertisement. Graphs. 86 IELTS Essays. Therefore. I believe each advertising campaign is based on a particular purpose. In conclusion.
What are some of the harmful beauty methods teenagers use these days? Why do teenagers use such harsh methods to add to their beauty? IELTS Essays. If instruments are not properly sterilized or the environment is not clean. Moreover. (310 words) Essay Practice Nowadays teenagers try to improve their beauty by any means available to them. Besides there may be psychological complications. In most cases as people grow older. Another complication that can arise is scarring. certain complications can occur. infection may occur. If the piercer is not experienced. if a person has a negative experience with body piercing they may also suffer from psychosocial problems. tongue. the quality of the jewelry. Infections that can arise are HIV. such as brass-plated costume jewelry. they have to put up with it forever. Everything from ears.Academic Essay Samples 5. Depending on where and who pierces a person's body. they may not know or understand the necessary health and safety precautions needed to avoid infections. however. Graphs. since removing a tattoo is costly and most people cannot afford the medical operations. Unfortunately such scars never get healed. I believe one can enhance one’s beauty using many other methods which are less harmful. nose. Piercing a certain part of the body for many times ultimately results in mutation of the skin cells which in turn will lead to an ugly growth of skin cells distorting the shape of the skin. hepatitis and many others. I think considering the complications which can result from body piercing. People are mostly unaware of the dire consequences of body piercing and they do not realize the complications that can occur. These reactions and infections can later lead to severe skin problems resulting in skin cancer. teenagers must avoid such cruel methods. can cause complications such as an allergic reaction or infection. and nipples are being pierced. genitals. Diagrams & Maps 87 .Nowadays body piercing is turning into a popular method for makeup. naval. Adolescents and young adults under the age of 18 are piercing each other without this knowledge because most places will not pierce them without a parental consent. In your opinion what are the harmful effects of body piercing on our health? Body piercing is commonly done all over the world. and more and more people pierce their body for beauty purposes. they regret having pierced their body. Letters. In conclusion. lips. eyebrows.
Racism is a certain kind of prejudice. instead of accepting it and its diversity. in order to reduce racism multiculturalism is a necessity. People usually try to change a culture or a religion to fit their own views. Furthermore.Multiculturalism is a recent phenomenon. While many people would like to live in a multicultural society others prefer to live in a society with their own culture and disrespect people from other nation. Compare these two choices. People get a “taste” of each culture. Human’s greatest flaw is fear. people living in a multicultural country are endowed with extraordinary powers of knowledge. In multicultural societies all those individuals have their own culture. we all have our flaws. As a result of multiculturalism fear of the unknown is eliminated and instead of it respect and understanding for one another steps in. based on faulty reasoning and inflexible generalizations toward a specific group. Others prefer to keep their own customs. (301 words) Essay Practice When people move to another country. 88 IELTS Essays. some of them decide to follow the customs of the new country. it provides people with the opportunity of understanding and accepting one another. Graphs. For that matter. In addition. religion. Letters. In summation. As a great man once said “Knowledge is Power”. Which one do you prefer? Support your answer with specific details. thus gain a greater understanding of its customs and history. morals and standards. through multiculturalism people recognize the diversity of cultures and their bias against a certain race is removed. Countries with multicultural societies have the power to revolutionize the world and create unity and diversity at the same time. Once we accept someone’s religion and nationality we accept them as human beings. Diagrams & Maps .Academic Essay Samples 6. Humans are not perfect species. there is an advantage in living in a country that contains a variety of cultures. Humans fear everything that is unfamiliar and strange to them such as foreigners and their cultures. Fortunately. With which opinion do you agree? Use specific reasons to support your opinion. In many ways humans are equal because they all have the same necessities and they all get hurt the same way. Accepting the individuality and diversity of people and their customs indicates that they are equal in your eyes and that forms respect. In multicultural societies that fear is automatically eliminated as a result of familiarization with the “stranger”.
Research. While there are people who think they are superior to other human beings. It is a sin because it divides our community. therefore. to address racism. and I have discovered that racism is not a “white thing”. Letters. What’s your opinion? Support your answer with specific details. Graphs. Therefore. I have always viewed racism as being. In conclusion I believe that we must tackle this issue with certainty and our small contributions will ultimately help eliminate the problem.Academic Essay Samples 7. some more subtle and others more obvious. Racism is a sin. even my history classes at school have caused me to have this narrowminded view. Our holy book clearly states that all human beings are equal in the eyes of God and that the ones with a stronger faith are better valued. we must be aware of its numerous forms. I think racism is a sin and we must completely avoid it. In order to solve the problem of racism. we must not judge a person based on his or her colour or race. instead. Diagrams & Maps 89 . Why should we avoid this problem? How can we help solve the problem? Racism denies human beings the basic equality and dignity which as children of God we deserve. newspaper articles and watched interviews on television. blots out the image of God among the inhabitants of the planet and violates basic human pride. because that is what I was taught by those in authority . IELTS Essays. (325 words) Essay Practice Some people believe women and men should not have exactly the same rights since they are different in many ways. the media and society overall. however has caused me to think differently. Racism is the sin that says some human beings are innately superior and others basically inferior because of the colour of their skin. I have read stories. and that there is something we can do about it even if we realize that what we say and the steps we take will not result in an immediate solution to a problem that spans generations.Racism is becoming a widespread phenomenon and some people take pride in their racist views. if we consider ourselves as the followers of our holy prophet. whites against blacks. it is a “human thing. we need to recognize two things: that it exists in a variety of forms. regarding racism.
schools.Academic Essay Samples 8. and even an unwillingness to become an adult. we need to admit that it is television that plants a violent seed in the minds of these children. and even at home. violence is present. Diagrams & Maps . Only when we decide to put an end to this problem as an individual will we begin to see a more peaceful world. This research shows us that violence appeals to every audience. violence on television proves to be a root of violence among the young people. Scientists have tried to explain why children are so amused by a big glowing box and the action that takes place within it. It must be pointed out that most children who commit a crime are claimed to have seen a similar act on television. As the child matures into an adult. There are many examples and proven research that shows how violence viewed on television takes root all over our country. This can force the child into a kind of prematurity. The effects have been seen in a number of cases. Graphs. Even though we should not hold television directly responsible for these acts. Letters. a superficial approach to adult problems. have a greater distrust towards others. some psychologists and psychiatrists feel that continued exposure to such violence might unnaturally speed up the impact of the adult world on the child. In conclusion. 90 IELTS Essays. including children. back alleys. Do you agree with this opinion? Why? What has our society come to these days? Everywhere we look. on the streets. violence will seep its way into our homes through the television. Furthermore. he can become bewildered.Many people believe that violence on Television will ultimately result in more violence among the youth. Even if one might be a pacifist. (300 words) Essay Practice Films can tell us a lot about the country where they were made. Research shows that television is a major source of violence for children. Some children that see violence on television are pulled into its harmful deceptions of problem solving and choose violent solutions to their problems. What have you learned about a country from watching its movies? Use specific examples and details to support your response.
family lives or careers. Do you agree with this opinion? Why? Some time ago I heard that an "internet-crazed" woman was arrested for neglecting her three young children. First they turn to users who try to convince themselves that they are not addicted to the Internet. The three kids were placed in county custody while the mother was tossed in jail. Next. losing touch with reality and reeking havoc on their studies. And finally they become the "Internet junkies".Some people believe that internet users may finally end up addicted to the net. Diagrams & Maps 91 . These three stages all happen surreptitiously without us sensing their occurrence and we only find out after we have become addicted to the internet. while her hungry kids were locked away in one room so she could be online without interruption. Some of these Internet users spend a minimum of thirty-eight hours per week on the "net". hence. In conclusion. therefore. Letters. I believe we must be wary of the problems that the Internet can cause. What are some of the reasons for the widespread use of the internet? And do you think this dependence on the internet is acceptable? IELTS Essays. Individuals such as these are classified as "Internet Addicts.Academic Essay Samples 9. They put their lives on hold to get online. (273 words) Essay Practice The internet has recently turned into an inseparable part of our lives and we are increasingly becoming dependent on it. Users of the Internet include students. we must avoid indulging ourselves in browsing the World Wide Web. and business professionals. The mother I mentioned at the beginning of the essay is an example of an Internet junky. Graphs. The Internet is rapidly becoming an addictive source to a lot of its users. housewives. These users neither sneak online nor make excuses to get online. they change into users who make convenient excuses to use the Internet like mothers who claim they have to visit the website of their children’s school in order to read the highlights of the last PTA meeting. The woman reportedly spent 12 hours straight online.
it takes it away for others who use it wisely. Letters. and hand gun is no exception. Here are a few reason to own a hand gun. it can make a good recreational activity. In conclusion. are they a good thing or a bad thing? It is still an issue of controversy and most people still have mixed feelings about people owning them. to the modern high-tech ones. if handled irresponsibly. if you are responsible. for multiple reasons. (250 words) Essay Practice According to figures. you can use it to defend yourself and your loved ones at home and when you are out. one needs to be armed at times. If you abuse the right. It can be a great competitive sport. unless mistreated and scratched up. what are the many causes leading to the increasing crime rate? 92 IELTS Essays. hand guns are a great thing when handled responsibly. or to kill. Graphs. However. Diagrams & Maps . guns have much more of a purpose than to cause harm. they can provide great opportunities. Secondly. In your opinion. So people need to be taught how and when to use their hand guns. from old types used in the Civil War. Firstly. On the contrary. They do not depreciate in value. What is your opinion? Use specific reasons to support your opinion.Academic Essay Samples 10. and a good stress relief There are many good and valid reasons for owning a hand gun. you always have to remember to be responsible. People seem to think that hand guns today are just weapons of destruction used for harm. I believe everything can cause harm. the rate of crime is rising rapidly in most countries in the world and many sociologists are worried about the future of human societies. however. Thirdly. Some people believe that the government must ban hand guns since they are dangerous while others believe that hand guns have many advantages if handled wisely. There are criminals everywhere and to protect oneself against them. Hand guns. it can be an interesting item to collect.
Academic Essay Samples 11- Happiness is certainly the most important element in one’s life. Why is it hard to define happiness? How can we achieve true happiness? Though it is defined as the condition of being content, different people may have their own ideas of happiness. It is commonly thought of as having a lot of money, power, or fame. But can these things actually make people happy? For some people happiness means money and fame, most would agree that family and friends also bring great joy and happiness. Frequently, people have the wrong idea of happiness. They believe it arises from just material, ephemeral objects. However, for others, happiness may come from things as simple as hanging out with friends or reading a good book. Therefore, Happiness can come from many different sources but perhaps the most ubiquitous ones are friends and family. Some believe Happiness resides not in transient possessions or gold, but instead in the conviction that we are loved. Happiness is actually more than what most people think it is. It can be mysterious and elusive, sought after by many, but not gained by all. Happiness, which is often thought of as a fairly simple concept, is actually more than what people assume it is. Although this natural mood or feeling is desired by numerous people, it is very elusive and therefore, for some, extremely difficult to obtain. True happiness arises from the enjoyment experienced following divine satisfaction with who we are and what we have done. In conclusion the majority of people are not truly happy. However, other people assert that friends and family are the main sources that bring about happiness. But, whatever the source, happiness is definitely an essentiality and a necessity of life. (264 words)
"When people succeed, it is because of hard work. Luck has nothing to do with success." Do you agree or disagree with the quotation above? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your position.
IELTS Essays, Letters, Graphs, Diagrams & Maps
Academic Essay Samples 12- Human cloning is today turning into one of the hottest issues in the world and while it has attracted many supporters, there are still people who disapprove of this modern science. Discuss both these views and give your opinion Science fiction authors have for many years instilled in us the fantastic idea of great armies of cloned men and women, fighting mindless battles for the betterment of human kind. Perfect beings created under the microscope of fantasy to accelerate the evolutionary process, a brave new world, of identical people. But is there truly an application for human cloning in our 21st century society? Some people’s answer to the question is a simple “NO”. Money and power have played large roles in societal development and destruction throughout history. The concerns that face society with the onslaught of cloned humans lie in a similar vain. Those who can afford the perfect child, will have a perfect child, and will still serve it caviar for breakfast. This could cause an ever greater rift in the current class structure that the western world currently adheres to. Furthermore, they maintain that there will be people who will abuse the cloned human beings they own. They will use them to achieve their goals and will try to dominate the world using the clones they have. However, there are people in the business world who would much prefer an employee that is never ill to an employee that might catch flue the week of the first cricket world cup match. Clones could very well be better suited to the working world, than the working class that drives the economy today. There are also people who are suffering from a chronic lack of free time and they would prefer to have their tiring daily chores done by a clone in order to save up some time. In conclusion, considering the fact that the cloned humans are more likely to be abused by the people in power in today’s world, I believe we’d better put up with our daily chores and so before legalizing any form of cloning we must give it a second thought. (317 words)
Genetically modified foods are becoming very widespread these days. While many believe they can help feed the world’s growing population; others are skeptical of their benefits. Discuss both these views and give your opinion. 94 IELTS Essays, Letters, Graphs, Diagrams & Maps
Academic Essay Samples 13- Does space exploration make any sense in a world where so many people live in abject poverty? Use specific reasons to support your opinion? Space exploration has advanced a lot especially during the Cold War, where the United States and the Soviet Union competed against each other and invested huge sums of money in this field. Since then, U.S.A. has kept on with the project of sending ships into outer space and exploring the endless universe waiting hopefully for something to appear. Millions of dollars are spent on these projects, but are they really worth it? I mean, millions of people are living in abject poverty, starving to death, and these imperialist countries could not care less for them. These countries should reconsider their policy. They only want to be the best and if the rest is worse, even better. Maybe their country is fine, there is a low rate of unemployment, people are happy and proud of being part of this developed power of the first world, but, while they send spaceships to Jupiter, there are other countries which cannot even have access to the Internet, and there are millions of people who cannot take home a piece of bread to feed their starving family. The capitalist world in which we live has made the gap between the rich and the poor even wider, and it will continue to be like this as long as the system remains the same. If only the people in developed countries could experience the problems that millions of children face every single day, they would think twice about space exploration. Many people say that space exploration has advanced a lot and that soon they will be having their vacations on the moon. This is because they only take the opinion of people who have all what they need, so they have to give sense to their lives with these types of things. Have you ever seen a poor person talking about astronomy? Their only preoccupation in life is to survive, to make the pain less harsh, and to try to avoid suffering. In conclusion, I believe If the developed world spent less money on space exploration and more on fighting poverty it would make a greater sense. (350 words)
Some people think governments should spend as much money as possible exploring outer space (for example, traveling to the Moon and to other planets). Other people disagree and think governments should spend this money for our basic needs on Earth. Which of these two opinions do you agree with? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer. IELTS Essays, Letters, Graphs, Diagrams & Maps
Academic Essay Samples 14. most of it gets dumped into huge landfills. It is a major problem in the world. Pollution is the introduction of harmful substances or products into the environment. Although not common. Another popular source of pollution is the post-consumer market. Individuals can do their part to save the environment as well as themselves. and this trash has to go somewhere. The noise pollution created by cars is immense. Graphs. The last great source of pollution lies in the businesses. I believe the most important sources of pollution are the automobiles. lakes. The exhaust is extremely toxic to human beings. but this is a long process. Diagrams & Maps . and human death have all occurred as a direct result of illegal dumping. Choose one resource that is disappearing and explain why it needs to be saved. It causes entire communities of humans (not to mention animals) to move on to new places and not to return for at least a century.What are the main sources of environmental pollution? Use specific reasons to support your opinion. but you are wrong. While there are projects underway to clean and reuse this refuse. or clean water. pollution like any other problem can be solved. Letters. (328 words) Essay Practice Many parts of the world are losing important natural resources. Pollution damages the environment. such as forests. animals. This heat makes it unpleasant to be near the car while it is running. Another polluting effect of cars is the heat it creates. These landfills are disgusting festering blisters on our country's landscape. destroyed ecosystems. In conclusion. the waste produced and dumped by people and businesses. The pollutants dumped by industry are so concentrated that a single barrel can destroy an entire lake's ecosystem. 96 IELTS Essays. Each time one of these companies pollutes the environment. there are horrible consequences to pay. Mutations. and rivers. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. Automobiles are undeniably the greatest source of pollution. This may seem like a relatively small occurrence that really is not your concern. It contaminates our drinking water and soil. businesses have been known to dump their waste into streams. People around the world especially in developed countries throw away millions of tons of garbage each year. The toxic fumes given off as a byproduct of the combustion engine are slowly deteriorating our lungs and our atmosphere.
However. People and other things can run out of energy in which case they can no longer have the ability to do work. How can the governments and the people help to reduce the destructive effects of fossil fuel consumption? IELTS Essays. and supply us with the energy that we need. (365 words) Essay Practice Massive consumption of fossil fuels is causing various types of environmental pollution upsetting the ecosystem. turning appliances off at the power point instead of just at the switch on the appliance and shutting all windows and doors and closing all curtains to keep the heat in the house instead of relying on the heater to do all the work. We also need energy for a variety of other things such as: to keep our bodies alive and healthy. Since the beginning of time. energy conservation is of paramount importance. as the sun is a constant natural energy resource we can store that energy and use it to heat out water. and also to keep warm in winter and cool in summer. opening all the windows and doors to let the cool air in instead of relying on the air conditioner. Computers are definitely becoming more and more popular in homes. energy can be conserved by doing the simple things around the home to lessen the usage of the machines that do work: for example. As the natural energy sources become increasingly scarce it is important to learn how to save energy. It is impossible for all the natural resources to keep up with our forever advancing civilization. Therefore. if and only if the computer needs to be on at all times you should use the sleep mode which lets the computer run on the minimum amount of energy needed. Last but not least. Letters. Graphs.Considering our depleting energy resources. energy has pervaded our earth. One way of doing this is to create an energy efficient home. to run our machines and other technical devices. In conclusion. it is important for all people to realize the need for conserving energy. Conservation of energy means to ‘save’ energy.Academic Essay Samples 15. Diagrams & Maps 97 . To create an energy efficient home there are many measures that can be taken to save energy including the installation of solar energy panels. How can people save energy in their homes? Use specific reasons to support your opinion. conservation of energy is a necessity. These days we rely on it to advance in our technological developments. and vise-versa in the summer. We can also save energy by using the ‘Sleep mode’ on most modern household appliances including computers.
goals. and represent the “natural selected” group of society that will survive and reproduce. It is true that experiences with others will increase or decrease self-esteem. (263 words) Essay Practice Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Self-confidence is the most important factor for success in school or at work. This would have a harmful effect on children and their progression towards high goals in life. People’s motivations. However. Self-Esteem is influenced primarily by social activity with others. the importance of staying strong and believing in oneself will also contribute to a higher self-esteem. self-esteem is not completely based on appraisals by others.Academic Essay Samples 16. Diagrams & Maps . If a group of friends wanted to do things and one of the boys kept bringing up ideas but was always put down by his cohorts. it would bring down his self-esteem from ever saying anything again. and other obstacles.” It’s a drive to do well. Instead of achieving a job or extending their education. and loneliness. This might turn on the machine towards higher self-esteem. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion. succeed in life. the road would have dead-ends. and health are profoundly affected by an important machine inside themselves called self-esteem. Letters. lack of motivation. without self-esteem inside the person.In order to achieve success. What are some of the factors affecting self-esteem? Use specific reasons to support your opinion. The person might have a family background or successful jobs and high positions. however. 98 IELTS Essays. The lack of self-esteem in early childhood could lead them towards a swamp of depression. inspirations. Graphs. self-esteem is considered to be very necessary. This machine enables the person to keep going in life and answers the question “Why am I here?” Self-Esteem can be called “the motivator. loves. And parents and individual themselves must care about the self-esteem issue so that they will achieve happiness and success in life. In conclusion. they might be stuck in jail for drugs or robbery. bumps.
However. Nurturing should include deterrence from wickedness and inducement of morality. These mothers and fathers allow young children to stray from moral equity. while others believe their misbehaviour is the direct result of ineffective upbringing. As parents neglect to make children aware of these errors. A child misbehaves because he/she does not comprehend that certain actions are wrong. (270 words) Essay Practice Some people think that children should begin their formal education at a very early age and should spend most of their time on school studies. he or she is prone to believe one can do anything one wants.Academic Essay Samples 17. Compare these two views. Children misbehave because something vital is missing in their nurturing. Grown-ups must help kids see deceit as a form of misbehaviour. and thus. telling a child what is wrong is not enough. When a child does something wrong it is the parents’ responsibility to discourage the repetition of bad conduct and encourage the understanding that the action committed was wrong. What’s your opinion? Use specific reasons to support your opinion. Others believe that young children should spend most of their time playing. Ultimately I believe that genetic characteristics inherited from parents can not be a good excuse for the misconduct of a child and the society should see parents as the root of a child’s misbehavior. elders in turn become guilty of the child’s transgressions. Letters. Civilization trusts in parents to raise the young to recognize lies. A young person needs an explanation for the mistakes that he/she makes and must be given a reason not to repeat it otherwise. Which view do you agree with? Why? IELTS Essays. Diagrams & Maps 99 . insubordination and aggression for what it is: misbehaviour. Graphs. challenge authority and use violence as a resolution for anger. Parents should reiterate that the right way to treat his/her mother and father is with respect.Some people have come to believe that children’s misbehaviour in life is due to their genetic characteristics. Parental guidance is necessary for a child’s survival because children are born into the world knowing nothing. Genetics is not the only valid excuse for a child’s misbehaviour. adapt to the world’s surroundings with the help of these great leaders.
and video games or printed in newspapers and magazines. Furthermore. A typical child watched eight thousand murders and one hundred thousand acts of violence before finishing elementary school. when these points are taken into account we can see that censorship is a necessity in the society today. murder. Letters. More evidence that shows censorship may be positive is explained when we examine what leads to delinquent activity. 100 IELTS Essays. Adult violent offenders claim to have viewed violence on television. One of the culprits of criminal behavior is T. or children who are living through vulnerable periods of their development. Censorship must be employed if morals and decency are to be preserved. In a world in which acts of heinous violence. How did this type of behavior come to be so acceptable and in some cases even glorifiable? A careful study of society may lead to mass media as being the main cause. Further evidence of the relation between pornography and crime is seen when an adult bookstore is closed. In such an environment. Diagrams & Maps . While normal people probably rank their spouses as their highest sexual interest. movies. It will give our children a better chance to develop in a healthy way. Taking away pornography from criminals may allow their minds to focus on other things and could prove to be an important tool in the reform of hardened criminals. Without crime being pushed onto our society everyday. the crime rate in the surrounding areas falls significantly. we cannot expect people to have a proper sense of right and wrong. This means that a clear majority of criminals like pornography and find it highly interesting. it may lead one to wonder what has put society onto this slippery slope. What’s your opinion? Use specific reasons to support your opinion. Eighty-one percent of criminals rate pornography as their highest sexual interest. the amount of violence on television continues to grow. Violent programs may have a negative influence on those individuals who are already violence-prone. while others believe that people must be able to choose what they view. To see this we must take a look at what is inside the mind of a criminal. Other people disagree and think that this money should be spent on more basic needs. Graphs. violence. how can people not become desensitized to criminal acts? By allowing this type of material to be openly exposed to the public we are endangering our safety and the society’s values.Many people believe violent and pornographic scenes must be censored. (413 words) Essay Practice Some people think that governments should spend as much money as possible on developing or buying computer technology. The modern world has become desensitized to the acts shown on television.V. Which one of these opinions do you agree with? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.Academic Essay Samples 18. or crude and shocking behavior seem to be a normal occurrence. deviant thoughts might not be so deeply set into impressionable individuals. Without control of what material is delivered to the masses. To conclude.
Therefore. Since computers and the Internet have expanded in such a way in which education can be delivered to students living far away from education centers. Desktop video conferencing promises to bring students together from geographic and cultural distances. including state-of-the-art technology. The best method for improving educational standards is to utilize every tool available. face to face via computer. Technology is not meant to replace teachers. School systems often consider purchasing a computer network. educators will need to adapt current teaching methods to incorporate this new media into the classroom. providing a competitive advantage that has come to be essential to many businesses. In conclusion I believe educational boards should be open to any new idea that technology has to offer. therefore. they only show a small part of what technology can do for a school. schools must also use technology to improve the educational process. such as attendance records and grading. others disagree and call for the preservation of such customs and traditions.Academic Essay Samples 19. Educators are discovering that computers are facilitating learning. It is currently possible to engage in "distance education through the Internet. or telecommunications. it must focus on keeping students interested and productive. Technology must go further than simply keeping attendance. Not only will the teacher talk to the students. In your opinion how can technology help education? What’s your opinion? Use specific reasons to support your opinion. Computer-based communications.Technology is advancing at a rate faster than ever before and is revolutionizing many fields. Letters. Computers and the Internet have expanded the way in which information can be delivered to the students of today. (344 words) Essay Practice Many believe trying to preserve traditional customs and skills is unnecessary in the modern technological world. can offer many educational opportunities. It would not be fair for a student in a particular city to receive a better education than another student in a different city. Video conferencing allows groups to communicate with each other. Today's networking technologies provide a valuable opportunity to practice new learning techniques. but the students will be able to interact with each other. IELTS Essays. Graphs. Diagrams & Maps 101 . but is there to serve students to make tedious tasks easier. Computers have made a fundamental impact in most industries. This will make students more interested and fascinated with learning. While these tasks are very important. Discuss both these views and give your opinion. Distance education involves audio and video links between teachers and students in remote areas. and justify its purchase by applying it to routine administrative tasks.
Graphs. the disabled. while others believe that welfare payments are needed to support certain members of the society. Good systems are always abused. the relief payments in the case of the unemployed must be temporary. too. but this does not mean they are faulty. They are always at fault for not having a job. there are two main reasons why welfare payments are necessary to protect the rights of citizens. In my opinion. Their negative opinions harm those who are not capable of earning a wage.Academic Essay Samples 20. and in most cases the tax they have paid in the past entitles them to assistance. Policing the streets is more expensive that providing welfare. critics forget that there are many forms of welfare payments besides payments to the unemployed. However. The desperately poor inevitably turn to crime. Without welfare payments the poor are destined to become poorer. or should governments spend more money on improving public transportation (buses. 102 IELTS Essays. such as single-parent mothers. First of all. subways)? Why? Use specific reasons and details to develop your essay. Diagrams & Maps . and the sick. the unemployed have the right to an income. it is vital to understand the need for welfare in a modern democratic society. (287 words) Essay Practice Should governments spend more money on improving roads and highways. And the government must try to create employment and help them to set up their small businesses and go off the dole. The second reason is that crime increases when people have no means of support. What is your opinion? Social welfare is an essential element of an advanced society. Moreover. The first duty of a government is to provide a financial safety net for all disadvantaged persons. trains. To conclude. and that includes those without work. A policeman’s wage is four or five times higher than a dole payment.Some people believe that welfare payments are a waste of the society's financial resources. I mean this must not increase their dependency on others. It is surely the government’s fault if there are long-term unemployed people. Letters. we must be careful while we let the jobless join the dole queue. which is not only dangerous but costly.
Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of both views and give your personal opinion. there are often calls to compulsorily retire older workers. with many young people unemployed or frustrated in low-level positions. Many old people are allowed to work well into their 70s and 80s. this can affect the older individual’s freedom . however arbitrary. running families. Other people. however. Besides.Academic Essay Samples 21. Diagrams & Maps 103 . who may have been stuck in one area or unit for most of their working lives. In your opinion how can we respect the elderly in the best way? IELTS Essays. There are several arguments for allowing older people to continue working as long as they are able. Another point is that older employees are often extremely loyal employees and are more willing to implement company policies than younger and less committed staff. and their experience can help companies reduce their expenses and increase their efficiency. Letters. old staff may not have enough motivation and stamina to brush up on their technical knowledge and hence may not be able to improve the company’s efficiency and competitiveness. Graphs. countries or corporations. First of all. In addition. merely because they did not have any other plans or roles. without age limits. Having compulsory retirement allows new ideas in an organization. older employees have an immense amount of knowledge and experience which can be lost to a business or organization if they are made to retire. (337 words) Essay Practice Old people have always been important for the family in every culture. are forced to retire in their 60s or even earlier because of company or national regulations. However. while others believe they must have the right to work until they prefer to retire.and right . despite being fit and highly talented. Older people are well-experienced.Some people believe that old people must be forced to retire in their 60s. Age alone is no guarantee of ability. Some younger employees have more experience or skills than older staff. In conclusion.to work and can deprive society of valuable experience and insights. I feel that giving workers more flexibility and choice over their retirement age will benefit society and the individual. Allowing older people to work indefinitely however is not always a good policy. they are also more practical than ambitious young employees who would not mind leading the company to failure in order to assert their abilities. Finally I think older employees are more conservative in general. many people would continue to work.
Most sports can be moderated by setting some new rules and regulations. Discuss both views and give your opinion. They are lured by money or by social or peer pressure and then cannot escape. Millions of people play sports every day. such as American football or rugby. for instance.Academic Essay Samples 22. However. They believe. However. 104 IELTS Essays. inevitably. Most players and spectators accept this risk. claiming that playing will improve the students' character (or the school's reputation). The last thing an increasingly violent world needs is more violence on our television. trying to obliterate each other is barbaric. we should not boycott some sports for the violence they may contain. As many people choose to turn into slothful people suffering from a wide range of chronic diseases caused by obesity such as cardiovascular diseases and diabetes.Some people believe the government must ban dangerous sports such as boxing or motor-racing. for justice to prevail. I believe banning a certain sport immediately after we discover it is dangerous is not a practical solution. are also barely-concealed violence. athletes must be given the freedom to choose their favorite field of sport. some suffer injury or pain. for example. some people would like to see dangerous sports such as boxing banned. Many boxers. schools force unwilling students to play aggressive team sports. (341 words) Essay Practice Why do you think some people are attracted to dangerous activities such as bungee jumping and sky-diving? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. many would not opt for the illegalization of violent sports. Some sports are nothing but an excuse for violence. Boxing is a perfect example. Some people argue that the players can choose to participate. Some sports are really very interesting and popular. Even in richer social groups. come from disadvantaged backgrounds. Diagrams & Maps . I believe we can have a new version of some sports. experts have already changed most of the rules and regulations in boxing and now the new form is approved of by many countries. Graphs. others believe people must have the right to play these sports. Letters. As we never prevent the lazy from getting obese in spite of the health risks involved. In conclusion. with faces ripped open. However this is not always the case. and. The sight of two men (or even women) bleeding. Other sports. being a couch potato and growing obese has certainly more risk for the person than participating in some violent sport competitions.
their job is not only to prevent death but also to improve their patient’s quality of life. In conclusion. What will never change is their constant struggle against death. our family. Why should they not give us the right to decide if we want to live or not? Next comes the economic factor. creating an economic burden. our religion. Why do some people commit suicide? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. Letters. Not practicing euthanasia at the request of the dying person is violating a person’s rights. When doctors reach this point. What’s your opinion? Use specific reasons to support your opinion. Others believe it is cruel to kill a person who has an incurable disease. that is our problem. they cannot make that kind of decision for you. Since it is not their life and they are not in your situation. why should we avoid it if we cannot end the huge amount of money wasted on a treatment that won’t help? Finally. the basic reason why euthanasia should be practiced is because it stops the person from having a bad quality of life. (466 words) Essay Practice While many people may easily tolerate the unfavorable living circumstances. As I said. deciding if you want to be alive or not is a personal decision.Academic Essay Samples 23. Graphs. A doctor’s function has changed over time. They give us the liberty to choose our job. not theirs. all he/she can do is to wait for death to arrive. we are just wasting time and money on a situation that won’t get better. Having a patient suffering is not giving him a better quality of life. However if I ever see myself in that kind of situation. Even if they could offer the patient any kind of treatment or options. it is the patient who should decide how he wants to live his life. First of all. I have never been in a situation where I have to decide whether euthanasia should be applied to someone or not. This waiting time can be very painful for both the patients and the people who surround them. IELTS Essays. I would have no doubt of agreeing with it. Many times we do not have enough money to pay for the necessary medical care. but he/she is not always your friend. Now a doctor is a stranger who combats diseases. a doctor’s function should not only be the one of curing diseases but also providing the patients with a better quality of life. In the past. However. Many times there is nothing a doctor can do to prevent a patient from dying if the patient has a terminal disease.Euthanasia means mercy-killing and recently has become an issue of controversy. In a way. the doctor was a person who besides being your friend treated the diseases. interfering with a doctor’s job. Diagrams & Maps 105 . Neither the doctors nor the government has the power to decide if you should live or not. If the patient wants euthanasia. It might sound like suicide. and increasing suffering. While some people believe that patients have the right to choose between life and death. and even our sex preference. some prefer to commit suicide to end the suffering. then they should be allowed to grant the patient whatever he wants since he or she cannot offer something better. but again.
you must know your child well. Many educators blame this on the characteristics of the new generation while others think the demotivating education system is the culprit. I believe what parents do to their kids at home is their business as long as it is not a cruel or an unusual form of punishment. I find that younger kids these days are not disciplined enough by their parents. The way my parents disciplined me. What is your opinion? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. A spanking should never be administered in front of other siblings or onlookers. I think is an accepted method of punishment. Spanking should never be spontaneous. Spanking can be a practical form of punishment if first you tell the child that he or she is going to be spanked. Some parents believe spanking children is cruel while others believe at times it can be a good form of punishment. Parents must also tell the child the reason for the spanking. In conclusion. but it's best that you verbally tell the child.Academic Essay Samples 24. he or she may already know why. What’s your opinion? Use specific reasons to support your opinion. The term corporal punishment means the intentional infliction of pain on the body for purposes of punishment. 106 IELTS Essays. So before deciding on the form of punishment. I believe spanking can be regarded as an acceptable form of punishment as long as you do not hurt your child and follow the rules stated above. Spanking is a controversial topic and should not be taken lightly. these kids do not respect their parents or other adults. My parents never left a mark on me whatsoever. Parents must also let the child know that even though they are giving their children a spanking they still love their children. (340 words) Essay Practice Nowadays the rate of school drop-out is increasing rapidly. Letters. As a child I was spanked when I did something wrong. Spanking can be defined as the use of physical force aimed at causing children to experience pain but not injury. However the child's personality directly influences the form of the punishment that works best for him or her. And finally parents must take the child into a private room such as a bathroom or bedroom. and close the door. for the purposes of correction and control of youthful behavior. Some children will only respond to physical punishment and others will respond to verbal punishment. Graphs. Diagrams & Maps . Being spanked taught me respect and kept me in line.
Graphs. The first effect of alcoholism is physical. loss of appetite. Alcohol damages your brain. Many people get used to drinking alcohol. and finally it will leave you in poverty because it costs a lot. Diagrams & Maps 107 . changes of behavior. it could cost you a lot! People do not think about the money and spend almost everything when they are drunk. If you drink two or three times in a week. muscles. At the beginning. (269 words) Essay Practice Some people believe smoking and sale of cigarettes must be banned totally. Discuss both these views and give your opinion. Alcohol is not cheap. suicide. digestion process. In conclusion. others think people should be free to choose whether to smoke or not.Academic Essay Samples 25. so it causes problems in the body movements. and other organs. All these physical consequences could cause death if you drink alcohol. Alcoholism has many side effects and I will only discuss the most important ones. among others. Alcohol is very powerful and affects all your normal behaviors. the effects of alcoholism can cause many problems which would affect all aspects of your life. but if you drink it again. and depression. it increases anxiety and causes depression. The third effect of alcoholism is economic. Letters. It also can cause depression or changes in your behavior which will consequently result in problems with your family and friends. IELTS Essays. violence. and they can easily abuse it. It is the most important effect because it can cause death. It also causes family and legal problems. alcoholism causes cancer in the neurons. For example. The second effect caused by alcoholism is psychological.Alcoholism has turned into a serious problem in the world and in particular in western countries. What are the effects of alcoholism? How many times have you heard about the consequences of alcoholism? Have you taken them into account? Alcoholism is one of the major problems in most societies. The effects of this disease are really serious. alcohol may make you feel relaxed.
Nowadays the rate of drug abuse among the youth is on the increase. Also. The reasons for this behavior are unclear. In your opinion what are different forms of addiction? And how can one recognize whether one is addicted to a certain habit or not? 108 IELTS Essays. In conclusion. Parents must also set a good example for their children to follow. The pressure on young children to perform well at school in order to compete for jobs is a possible cause for the problem. Then it is high time we took action to save our children who may get addicted to narcotics in the near future. I believe it is possible to eliminate the problem of youth drug abuse providing that we discover its causes. in effect. but children as young as 10 years old are experimenting with alcohol and tobacco. It must be extremely impossible for a teenager to purchase illegal drugs. children may have a similar view towards illegal drugs even if their parents are against their use. The rate of drug abuse is increasing and it is high time we took action to tackle the problem. drug use shown on television and in films can only confuse children who are also taught at school that drug abuse is wrong. but certain sociologists blame the examples set by the elders. In addition. Parents who drink and smoke to excess are. Drugs are used as a means of expressing dissatisfaction with the pressures they face in society. The government must also severely punish drug traffickers who either produce or smuggle drugs into the country. Letters. “actions speak louder than words”. Not only is illegal drug use on the rise. the first step to be taken is to educate young people and their parents about the dangers of drug abuse. Many believe they cannot live up to their parents’ expectations and feel a sense of hopelessness. What are the reasons for the increasing rate of drug abuse among the youth? How can we solve this problem? Youth drug abuse is a serious problem nowadays in many cultures. Graphs.Academic Essay Samples 26. Diagrams & Maps . (349 words) Essay Practice Addiction means dependency on a certain habit and addict is a person who is dependent on a certain habit. telling their children that it is acceptable to abuse their bodies with drugs. Consequently. I recommend that in order to solve the problem. parents need to know that children are influenced more by the way they behave rather than by what they say as the old saying goes. the widespread availability of drugs means teenagers are faced with the temptation to experiment.
People must be informed of the damage to the environment caused by trash and encouraged to use recycled materials since most of the things that we consider as being trash can be used to produce other things. (343 words) Essay Practice Most companies these days promote the habit of consumerism among people thinking it can boost the world economy. IELTS Essays. therefore. And unfortunately we forget that many of the things we try to get rid of are non-biodegradable and difficult to dispose of. Letters. Another reason is our interest in mass consumerism. Producing trash is inevitable however what looks unacceptable is that families these days are producing much more than they should and this is causing many problems for the people and the governments. In my opinion. I think we cannot help producing trash and the earth and the ecosystem can take in only a certain amount of trash. we are consuming a lot of convenience food and we are throwing away lots of cans. In your opinion why do people produce more trash these days? What actions can we take in order to reduce the amount of trash that people produce? Each family in the world produces a certain amount of rubbish everyday and the governments allocate a huge sum of money for collecting and dumping trash. people are producing more and more trash. Diagrams & Maps 109 . such as glass bottles instead of plastic bottles. and packages.These days. bottles. We are accustomed to using disposable products. These days we are consuming things which are packaged. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of consumerism and finally give your own opinion.Academic Essay Samples 27. Unfortunately a considerable amount of the rubbish we produce comes from things we have wasted. We are also discarding many plastic bags and boxes used to carry things around. we use them once and then we dispose of them. Most of our garbage comes from packaging. The governments must urge upon industry the importance of applying reusable packaging. And finally I think People must learn not to waste anything. the future generation must be aware of the consequences of this trend therefore they must be educated about the environment issues at school now. While others think the so-called benefits of consumerism are elusive. In the modern world today many people consume more than they really need and therefore waste a lot which in turn results in the production of trash. To conclude. people must reduce the amount of rubbish they produce before it is too late. The first reason why we produce so much rubbish is our modern lifestyle. Graphs. and unfortunately the rate is increasing.
Addicts cannot function as normal members of society.Academic Essay Samples 28. Letters. Do you agree or disagree with this opinion? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. the menace of drugs can be fought. and their effects can be combated successfully. Drug addiction is jeopardizing our society and ignoring it is the biggest mistake we can ever make. Graphs. What are the problems caused by drug abuse and what are some solutions? Drug abuse is rife in many countries. They neglect or abuse their families. treating addicts. Children need to be told at home and in school about drugs. and fighting drug-related crime. Huge police resources are needed to fight smuggling and dealing. Families and counselors need to talk to children and people at risk. However the main target should be the user. A second approach is to increase police manpower and powers to stop dealers and to enforce the law. And the rate of drug abuse is rising dramatically all around the world. Diagrams & Maps . and eventually require expensive treatment or hospitalization. Parents need to look at their children and help them In conclusion. Education is the first battle. there are concrete steps that can be taken to weaken the hold of drugs on society. (250 words) Essay Practice “Drug traffickers are more dangerous than murderers and they deserve a more severe form of punishment”.Drug abuse is becoming a problem in our society. Drugs threaten families as well as the societies. Criminal gangs and mafia underworlds develop with the money from drugs. Drug abuse causes multiple problems for countries and communities. People need to be aware of the effects so that they can avoid this problem. even though Billions of dollars are spent internationally preventing drug use. 110 IELTS Essays. The medical and psychological effects are very obvious. although the problem of drugs may seem impossible to eliminate. However. The second effect is on crime.
Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. This practice can act as an incentive for some but may also have a negative impact on others. tipping is a highly unreliable source of money and does not favour everyone. Good management recognizes this need and responds appropriately. this however does not allow management to target individuals who have genuinely worked harder than others. Letters. restaurants and tour operators may also allow staff to accept tips offered by clients who are pleased with the service. Such people are usually singled out with the help of clients. Hotels. Graphs. real estate agencies or department stores can offer a simple commission on all sales. One obvious way of doing this is to offer extra money to employees who are seen to be working exceptionally hard and this is done in companies with a product to sell. but when job vacancies are galore. IELTS Essays. Basically. they have to find effective ways of rewarding their staff in order to stop them from going elsewhere. employers need to do very little to encourage their staff to work hard. but does not take into account the work done by people behind the scenes who have little contact with the public. They also need to feel that their contribution to the whole organization is worthwhile. However.Academic Essay Samples 29. To what extent is this style of management effective? Are there better ways of encouraging employees to work hard? In times of high unemployment. A better approach is for management to offer a bonus to all the staff at the end of the year if the profits are healthy. employees want to be recognized for their contribution – whether through receiving more money or simply some encouraging words. Another possibility is to identify excellent staff through incentive schemes such as ‘Employee of the month’ or ‘worker of the week’ to make people feel recognized.Some employers reward members of the staff or their exceptional contributions to the company by giving them extra money. (280 words) Essay Practice Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People should sometimes do things that they do not enjoy doing. Diagrams & Maps 111 . This style of management favours the ones who can demonstrate their contributions through sales figures. For example.
112 IELTS Essays. Graphs. as a result. I think they will make fewer mistakes than those who trust their first impressions since they appear to be intelligent or they might deign to speak with a person who appears to be below par. I believe that human beings are more complex than we could make up our mind about their character by simply looking at them. Discuss both these views and give your opinion. (283 words) Essay Practice We all work or will work in our jobs with many different kinds of people. what are some important characteristics of a co-worker (someone you work closely with)? Use reasons and specific examples to explain why these characteristics are important. for them. Leaving a good impression upon the people we meet especially the ones we meet for the first time is now common practice. In conclusion. there are people who trust their judgments about a person’s character based on their first impressions. In your opinion. However. Other people do not judge a person’s character quickly because they believe first impressions are often wrong. Others believe one must not adopt a radical approach to the problem. A person cannot have an unkempt and disheveled appearance and advise others about cleanliness. relations with others. people must try to pay attention to many variables affecting a person’s character before making a judgment. Some people know that people might not be what they pretend or claim to be. their friends. appearance is very important too. even though these people have taken the issue to an extreme. they think first impressions are always wrong. therefore.Some people trust their first impressions about a person’s character because they believe these judgments are generally correct. however. but judging a person by his or her appearance or the impression they create cannot be considered a sensible policy. achievements in life. rather they try to base their evaluation on other variables such as people’s thoughts. Letters. In fact such a person is a hypocrite. Generally taking into account many variables before making a decision about a person’s character and appearance is definitely one of the important variables. their beliefs etc. Diagrams & Maps .Academic Essay Samples 30. They try not to evaluate people merely based on how they appear or how they try to assert themselves. Hence.
Diagrams & Maps 113 . Letters. Graphs.Appendix 1: Connectives APPENDIX 1 CONNECTIVES IELTS Essays.
… To start with. … Next. … Finally. Thirdly. … Furthermore.Transition can lead to a new stage in the sequence of thought Now With reference/ respect/ regard to Regarding Let us (now) turn to 114 IELTS Essays. … Lastly/Finally. … Above all Last but not least First and foremost First and most importantly To begin. … Moreover. …. … Afterward. Letters. Diagrams & Maps . Equation (similarity with what has preceded): Equally Likewise Similarly Correspondingly In the same way 3.Enumeration: First. … Firstly. Reinforcement (includes confirmation): Also Furthermore Further Moreover What is more Then In addition Above all Too As well (as) B. Graphs. … And to conclude. … In the second place. … Secondly.Appendix 1: Connectives Appendix 1 Connectives 1. … 2. … Then.Addition: to what has been previously indicated A.
e. that’s to say vis. Letters.Summation indicates a generalization or summing-up of what has preceded In conclusion To conclude To sum up briefly In brief To summarize Altogether Overall Then Therefore Thus 5. or rather...Apposition is used to refer back to previous sentences or to parallel or related references i. that is. Namely in other words or. or better and as follows mostly (of) The relationship that these phrases can express include: reformulation.Appendix 1: Connectives As for As to often used when discussing something briefly Indicates a digression and an afterthought spoken language Incidentally By the way Come to think of it Talking/speaking of … (informal) Apropos of … (formal) That reminds me … To introduce a digression 4. Diagrams & Maps 115 . Graphs. exemplification and particularization IELTS Essays.
Appendix 1: Connectives 6.Replacement preceded to express an alternative to what has Or alternatively Or rather Or better/worse (still) … 116 IELTS Essays.Inference indicates a deduction from what is implicit in the preceding sentences: Then In other words In that case Or else Otherwise If so/not That implies My conclusion is Equivalent to a negative condition 8. Diagrams & Maps .Result before: expresses the consequences or result of what was said So Therefore As a result/consequence The result/consequence is/was Accordingly Consequently Now Then Because of this/that Thus Hence For this/that reason 7. Letters. Graphs.Reformulation to express something in another way: Or better Or rather In other words In that case To put it (more) simply 9.
Contrast. surprising nature of what is being said in view of what was said before: yet in any case at any rate for all that in spite of/despite that after all at the same time on the other hand all the same IELTS Essays. Letters.concession or (else) however nevertheless nonetheless notwithstanding only still while al(though) even if/though indicates the unexpected.Appendix 1: Connectives On the other hand The alternative is Another possibility would be 10. Graphs. with what has preceded Instead Conversely Then On the contrary By (way of) contrast In comparison (On the one hand) … on the other hand … 11. Diagrams & Maps 117 .
Letters.Appendix 1: Connectives APPENDIX 2 STRUCTURE & VOCABULARY AID 118 IELTS Essays. Diagrams & Maps . Graphs.
Letters. measurement.Appendix 1: Connectives Appendix 2 Structure and Vocabulary Aid 1.) 4. Graphs. etc. Diagrams & Maps 119 .Composition comprises … consists of … constitutes … is composed of … X 3.Qualification X is predominately/mainly/generally … The majority of/most of the X is … 5.Location X is situated/located in/to/on X is in the south of the country X is to the north of the country The north of the country is on/near the equator/the coast/sea The north of the country is inland X is a neighboring country 2.Approximation X has just/a little over/under (a figure. etc.) X has about/approximately (a figure.Definition X is … means … describes … is defined as … is used … X is concerned with/deals with/relates to/involves IELTS Essays. measurement.
Graphs.Classification Useful nouns Criterion/criteria Basis/bases Features Characteristics Categories Classes Groups Types Kinds Sorts speacies Breeds Orders Divisions Families Members Sub-categories Sub-classes Sub-groups Sub-orders Sub-divisions Useful verbs To Classify Categorise Group Divide into Arrange in Put into Fall into Place in Distinguish Differentiate Sub-classify Sub-categorise Sub-group Sub-divide X consists of … according to whether or not … there is X … comprises X may be classified according to … on the basis of … depending (up)on… The classification is based (up)on … 120 IELTS Essays.Appendix 1: Connectives 6. Diagrams & Maps . Letters.Exemplification Shown/exemplified/illustrated by … X shows/exempify/illustrates … The following are examples of X A and b are examples of X Writes such as Dickens and Hardy … Such writers as Dickens and Hardy … 7.
as … X and Y are different/dissimilar in every way/respect X and Y are totally/completely/entirely/quite different 9.Cause & Effect the cause of higher prices was an increase in demand the one effect/consequence/result of an increase in demand is higher prices IELTS Essays.Appendix 1: Connectives Note the possible sequences: … may be divided … may be sub-divided … … may be further sub-divided … 8.Comparison considerably A great deal (very) much (quite) a lot rather somewhat a little slightly scarcely hardly only just exactly precisely just virtually practically more or less almost nearly approximately about X is smaller bigger cheaper etc. Letters. Diagrams & Maps 121 . Graphs. than X is the same as X is not exactly/entirely/quite the same as X is totally/completely/entirely/quite different from Y X is not quite as/so big/expensive etc.
as a consequence. the demand has increased (:) consequently. thus. Letters. for this reason. the prices are higher an increase in demand often causes/results in/leads to/produces higher prices higher prices are (often) caused by/due to/because of an increase in demand because of as a result of on account of owing to through the prices are higher because since as an increase in demand there is an increase in demand when/if there is an increase in demand (then) prices rise 122 IELTS Essays. Diagrams & Maps .Appendix 1: Connectives therefore. Graphs. accordingly. so. higher because of this. hence. the prices are because/as/since/now that the demand has increased. as a result.
Graphs. Diagrams & Maps 123 .Caution: impersonal verbs phrases it appears to/that it would appear to/that it seems to/that it would seem to/that it tends to be there is a tendency to/for it is said that some of the evidence shows that some writers say that IELTS Essays.Scale Percentage guide QUANTITY FREQUENC Y always usually normally generally on the whole regularly often frequently sometimes occasionally rarely seldom hardly ever never PROBABILITY ADVERBS certainly definitely undoubtedly clearly presumably probably conceivably possibly perhaps maybe uncertainly ADJECTIVES certain definite undoubted clear (un)likely probable VERBS will is/are must/have to should would ought to may might can could will is/are can could 100 % all/every/each most a majority (of) many/much a lot (of) enough some a number of several a minority (of) possible uncertain 0% a few/a little no/none/not any not it it it it is fairly certain/likely that … is very/quite probable/possible/likely/unlikely that … is rather unlikely that … is almost/quite certain that … in the (vast) majority of cases in a (large) number of cases in most cases in some cases in a few cases 11.Appendix 1: Connectives 10. Letters.
Diagrams & Maps .referring to a diagram. Letters. Graphs. as it can be seen from/in the chart … according to table … as (is) shown in the diagram … it can be seen from the graph that … from the table. it can be seen concluded shown estimated calculated inferred that … 124 IELTS Essays. chart etc.Appendix 1: Connectives it has been suggested that it is generally agreed that it is widely accepted that it is now generally recognized that it is very doubtful if some adverbs and nouns adverbs Apparantly Approximately Hardly Practically Presumably Relatively Scarely Seemingly Slightly virtually nouns Assumption Claim Estimate Evidence Possibility Presumption Chance Likelihood 12.
for example: In the first year. Diagrams & Maps 125 . unemployment stood at … ) A decrease A decline A fall A drop A slump (a dramatic fall) A reduction A leveling out No change A plateau A fluctuation IELTS Essays.Describing change Direction Verbs Rose (to) Increased (to) Went up (to) Climbed (to) Boomed Nouns A rise An increase A growth An upward trend A boom (a dramatic rise) Fell (to) Declined (to) Decreased (to) Dipped (to) Dropped (to) Went down (to) Slumped (to) Reduced (to) Plummeted (to) Leveled out (at) Did not change Remained stable (at) Remained steady (at) Stayed constant (at) Maintained the same level Plateaued (at) Reached a plateau Fluctuated (around) Peaked (at) Bottomed out at Stood at (we use this phrase to focus on a particular point. before we mention the movement. Graphs.Appendix 1: Connectives 13. Letters.
… altogether. it can/may be concluded/deduced/inferred 126 IELTS Essays. Graphs. Diagrams & Maps . … in all.Summarising and concluding in short.introducing a point of view the first thing/first of all we have/I should like to consider … the first thing to be considered is … it is a fact that … there is no doubt that … I believe that … one of the main arguments in favor of/against X is that… 15. … in brief. … in conclusion. Letters. … on the whole. … to sum up.Appendix 1: Connectives Adjectives dramatic sharp huge enormous steep substantial considerable significant marked moderate slight small minimal Adjectives rapid quick swift sudden steady gradual slow rapidly quickly swiftly suddenly steadily gradually slowly dramatically sharply enormously steeply substantially considerably significantly markedly moderately slightly minimally Adverbs Adverbs 14. … in a word. … therefore/thus/on this basis/ given this.
Letters. X commented that … to quote X: '…' recent research by X shows that … IELTS Essays. … for example. X argued that … writing in 1979. Diagrams & Maps 127 . Graphs.useful words Stating the topic Concept To consist Factor Hypothesis Academic Anecdotal Anomaly Argument Assimilate Cogent Conform Consequent Controversy Debate Empirical To equate Hypothesise Issue to predict premise Evidence Exception Explicit Feasible Findings Homogeneus Implicit Issue Norm Pertinent Priniciple Relevance Proposition To speculate Thesis topic Reliable Research Source Study Subsequent Survey Tentative Theory Trend Valid General research vocabulary 17.Reporting as X implies … X implies that … as noted by X … it has been argued by X that … Add Affirm Agree Argue Assert Assume Challenge Claim Clarify Comment Consider Contend Contradict demonstrate Deny Describe Determine Disagree Discern Discuss Dispute Emphasise Enumerate Explain Imply Infer Maintain Point out Postulate Querry Question Recommend Refute Reject Remark Report Repudiate Say Suggest Stipulate View note other reporting structures: according to X.Appendix 1: Connectives 16.
Appendix 3: Essential Ideas APPENDIX 3 HOW TO EXPRESS ESSENTIAL IDEAS 128 IELTS Essays. Letters. Diagrams & Maps . Graphs.
Account for If it's true that he was taking drugs that would account for his strange behavior. and that's the reason why his business failed.Appendix 3: Essential Ideas Reason 1. Be the reason why He borrowed too much money. 2. Letters.to be the reason why something happened or why someone does something Be the reason Nick's teachers think that problems at home are the reason for his poor schoolwork. Explain something We were all puzzled: what could explain his sudden change of mind? Explain why/what/how She couldn't sleep last night. Reason to do something I can think of lots of reasons to get married. Perhaps that is the reason that I was not more successful. Lie behind I wonder what lies behind Arthur's sudden interest in golf. On what grounds are you claiming compensation? On the grounds that IELTS Essays.why something is right or should be done Reason (why/that) The reason why we need these laws is to protect children from violent adults. Graphs. I think that behind Tania's aggression lay a deep insecurity about her. Be the reason (that) I knew that I had my weaknesses. Argument that Do you agree with the argument that violence on TV makes people behave violently? Argument for/against What are the arguments for the legalization of cannabis? The main argument against smoking is that it's bad for Justification for There's no justification for cruelty. which explains why she was in such a bad mood this morning. You may be dissatisfied. Justification for doing something What justification can there be for paying women lower Grounds for Is mental cruelty sufficient grounds for divorce? On the grounds of something (=for this reason) He had been fired from his job on the grounds of incompetence. Diagrams & Maps 129 . but is that sufficient reason to resign? Have every reason to do something We have every reason to believe he is guilty.
because she had betrayed him. Letters. Cause for complaint/alarm/concern etc The child's behavior is giving us cause for concern. Cause to do something I've never had any cause to complain about my doctor. There is no cause for alarm about the safety of drinking water. There's no excuse/justification for something 130 IELTS Essays. Graphs. 4. With good/just cause He no longer loved her. Jones was arrested for robbery. Without good/just cause We have little sympathy for people who leave their jobs without just cause. There is no reason for something Please remain calm everyone. If you do not understand the rationale behind any action you are asked to take.to tell someone the reason for something Provide an explanation is more formal than come up with an explanation In an attempt to provide an explanation she said she thought I had given her permission to be absent. After failing to come up with an adequate explanation.Appendix 3: Essential Ideas She was prohibited from speaking to the students on the grounds that it would stir up trouble. Be no excuse/justification to do something Ron may not be the most pleasant person to work with. how do you account for the fact that a witness said he saw you driving your van? It is difficult to account for the big differences in their scores. but that's no reason to lose your temper. There is no reason for panic.when there is no reason for someone's behaviour Be no reason to do something I know I'm late. but that's no justification to fire him. Rationale for/behind In the document he explains the rationale for his plan to build a car for the African market. 3. Justify Something How can you justify the expense? Justify doing something How can you possibly justify charging four pounds for a glass of beer? Account for If you walked home. After failing to come up with an adequate explanation. and with just cause. Jones was arrested for robbery. Diagrams & Maps . be sure to find out. Provide an explanation/come up with an explanation In an attempt to provide an explanation she said she thought I had given her permission to be absent.
Groundless Fleury dismissed our fears as groundless. Graphs. Be a plus The hotel's closeness to the beach is definitely a plus. though he was secretly alarmed. Benefit to Tourism has brought many benefits to the area. Plus point IELTS Essays. Unfounded I am going to prove to you that your suspicions are entirely unfounded. Diagrams & Maps 131 . The advantages and disadvantages of something The advantages and disadvantages of owning a car in the city Weigh the advantages and disadvantages of something (=to consider the advantages and disadvantages of something) Politicians should carefully weigh the advantages and disadvantages of committing US troops to this conflict.the good and bad features of something Have both advantage and disadvantages Being an only child has both advantages and disadvantages. All the signs indicate that the general's optimism is unfounded. Benefit of The benefits of a healthy lifestyle What are the benefits for Britain of belonging to the European Union? Merit The merits of the new health programmed are gradually being recognized.a good feature of something Advantage of The advantage of walking to work is that I get some exercise. The committee is still considering the merits of the new proposals. A message from Interpol confirmed that our Inspector's suspicions were far from groundless. The pluses and minuses of She talked about some of the pluses and minuses of being self-employed. Weigh up the pros and cons (=think about the advantages and disadvantages) Karen and David weighed up the pros and cons of having another child and decided against it.Appendix 3: Essential Ideas There's no excuse for such childish behaviour from a grown man. Advantages 1. Your doctor should explain the pros and cons of the different treatments available. Letters. The pros and cons of There has been a lot of discussion about the pros and cons of making certain types of drugs legal. 2. Big advantage One of the big advantages of the course is that it helps students develop their writing skills in English.
Appendix 3: Essential Ideas The plus point of this area is its school system, which is considered one of the best in the city.
3- something that makes you more likely to be successful
Have an advantage People who have been to university have a big advantage when it comes to finding jobs. Advantage over I had already lived in France for a year, so I had a big advantage over the other students. Give somebody an advantage Taxes on imports gave Japanese companies an unfair advantage. An asset for somebody A sense of humour is an important asset for any teacher. Be an asset to something Laney continues to be a great asset to the company. Have a privilege/grant a privilege Foreign diplomats have all kinds of special privileges. Countries within the European Community grant certain commercial privileges to each other. The privilege of something Not everyone has the privilege of a private education.
4- the only good feature of something
Saving grace I can't really play baseball. My one saving grace is that I can pitch. I hate this house. Its only saving grace is that it's near the centre of town. Redeeming feature The heroine of the novel is cruel and evil, with no redeeming features. Coal is relatively expensive but its redeeming feature is that it is in plentiful supply.
1- a bad feature of something
Have a disadvantage The proposal has some major disadvantages. Disadvantage of The main disadvantage of being a nurse is working irregular hours. Drawback of One of the major drawbacks of being famous is the lack of privacy. Drawback to High house prices are one drawback to economic growth. Liability to The product that was once so popular is now a liability to the company. Serious liability 132 IELTS Essays, Letters, Graphs, Diagrams & Maps
Appendix 3: Essential Ideas The bank realized that the dispute was becoming a serious liability in doing business Limitations I think we've done a wonderful job, considering the limitations we've had to work under. We made an inspection of the building's resources and limitations. The downside of The downside of the New Economy is the forced resettlement of villagers.
2- to have a disadvantage compared to other people or things
Be at a disadvantage Women are still at a disadvantage when it comes to getting jobs in the military. People with previous convictions are always at a disadvantage when on trial in a court of law. Put/place somebody at a disadvantage The test put candidates whose first language was not English at a disadvantage. The disadvantaged (=disadvantaged people) Booth invented schemes to help the disadvantaged in the community. Be against Time is against us. The longer we wait to find a solution to the crisis, the worse it will get. He wanted to become a pilot but his bad eyesight was against him. Count against We believe Caroline Connely is innocent, but her silence could count against her in a court. He was a child when he committed the crime. Should that count against him as an adult with a clean record?
1- something that happens or exists because of something else
Result of Her constant cough is the result of many years of smoking. The results of the attack included two helicopters burnt out, and three groundcrew wounded. With the result that More and more people are using cars, with the result that towns are much more polluted. As a result Jobs are hard to get and, as a result, more young people are continuing their education. A direct result of something (=caused by only one thing even if people think there may be other causes) Her parents believe that her death was a direct result of medical error. Effect of The effects of the oil spill were devastating for wildlife. The harmful effects of radiation IELTS Essays, Letters, Graphs, Diagrams & Maps 133
Appendix 3: Essential Ideas Have an effect/have no effect All my efforts to persuade them were beginning to have an effect. I've been taking these pills for three days, but so far they've had no effect. Effect on The death of a parent can have very serious and long-lasting effects on a child. Have a bad/good effect (on something/somebody) Any increase in fuel costs could have a bad effect on business. Consequence of Pain and illness are sometimes thought to be the unavoidable consequences of growing old. Consequence for If river levels continue to rise, it will have very serious consequences for many people's homes. Take/face the consequences (=accept the bad results of something you do) People who run up big debts eventually have to face the consequences. Damaging/dire/disastrous etc consequences Safety procedures had been ignored, with disastrous consequences. Implications of The legal implications of the case are extremely significant. Implications for Any change in interest rates has important implications for most people's financial situation. Important/significant/profound etc implications The discovery of planets orbiting other suns has profound implications. Outcome of It's impossible to say for sure what the outcome of the election will be. Affect/influence the outcome The patient's general health and fitness can also affect the outcome of the disease. Predict the outcome At this point, I wouldn't even try to predict the outcome, but we're hoping for the best. Upshot of What was the upshot of the trial? The upshot is that The upshot of that experience was that I decided I didn't want to study medicine after all. The end result is that If students constantly fail, the end result is that they switch off any interest in learning. The net result/effect is that The new system is designed to spread payments over several months but the net effect is that people pay more in total. Aftereffect of A large number of working days are lost through the aftereffects of alcohol abuse. Psychological aftereffects
IELTS Essays, Letters, Graphs, Diagrams & Maps
The corollary of this is that The government has promised tax cuts. Ramifications for The course that people choose to do at university can have ramifications for the rest of their lives. and theatres. the legal ramifications of the case will be with us for many years to come. but the corollary of this is that there will be a reduction in public services. 2. Side effect of One of the side effects of chemotherapy is hair loss. Corollary of Huge increases in unemployment were the corollary of the government's economic policy. A logical/natural/necessary etc corollary (of something) A rapid increase in population would be a natural corollary of any such changes in the birth control program. Spin-off for One of the main spin-offs for countries that host the Olympic Games is increased business for hotels. Dangerous/nasty/unpleasant etc side effects These pills don't normally have any unpleasant side-effects. The increase in greenhouse gases is the direct result of pollution. restaurants. Diagrams & Maps 135 .a result that happens in addition to the intended result Have side effects The drug can have side effects such as headaches and sickness.Appendix 3: Essential Ideas The psychological aftereffects of a tragedy like the Zeebrugge disaster can stay with the survivors for years. Have a spin-off Research into lasers has had important spin-offs for eye-surgery. Indirect result of The job losses were an indirect result of lower cost imports. Graphs. and the indirect result of a reduction in the atmosphere's ability to absorb them. Transplanting genes from one plant to another may have unintended side effects for the environment and the food supply. Economic/legal/political etc ramifications Whatever the judges decide. Wider ramifications (=more complicated results) IELTS Essays. Letters. By-product of One of the by-products of the peace treaty was the growth of trade between the two nations. Another by-product of space exploration is a growing awareness of this planet's fragile environment. Ramifications of The ramifications of the decision whether to build a new airport or not are enormous.
Have repercussions (on something) The transport strike had all sorts of repercussions on other industries. Resulting/consequent Burrows took the resulting penalty kick. The dog's aggression stemmed from being kept locked up all day. When one thing happens because of another Arise from the fact that Lung cancer is just one of the many diseases that arise from smoking too many cigarettes. When one thing happens because of another Be the product of When one thing happens because of another The agreement was the product of 21 months of negotiations. The big population increase in the US was partly the result of immigration. Saturday's goal was the product of some poor defending by the opposing team. Important/profound/serious etc repercussions A scandal like this could have serious repercussions on his political career. The difficulty arises from the fact that there has been insufficient time to train new staff. When one thing happens because of another Stem from from (doing) something Many of my patients' anxieties stem from experiences in their childhood. It is thought that the train crash resulted from a fault on the line. with the consequent loss of thousands of jobs. Letters. Stem from the fact that Part of the education problem stems from the fact that class sizes have increased dramatically in the last 5 years. Graphs. As a result of He died as a result of cold and exhaustion. the launch has been put back a week.Appendix 3: Essential Ideas The introduction of national testing in schools had wider ramifications than people realized. Over 60 drugs have been removed from sale as a result of recent tests. Diagrams & Maps . 3.when one thing happens because of another Because of Sampras seemed likely to miss the US Open because of a back injury. Economic/legal/political etc repercussions Even the possibility of a war in the Middle East has important political repercussions. Without government support the factory would be forced to close. She was chosen for the Peace Prize because of her courageous fight for democracy. Because of problems with the fuel system. 136 IELTS Essays. Be a result of/result from Our success is the result of a great deal of hard work. Repercussions of The psychological repercussions of the accident might affect her for the rest of her life.
Letters. Since Also as British [conjunction] use this to give the reason why someone decides to do something We had planned to play tennis but since it was raining we decided to go swimming instead." "That's because it isn't me . Because 1. "This photograph doesn't look like you.Appendix 3: Essential Ideas Britain's resulting debt burden was greater than that of the French. and US officials put the incident down to "high spirits". As he wasn't well. No one was injured. In the end I was unable to attend the conference. Graphs. owing to financial difficulties. To attribute something to The management attributed the success of the company to the new Marketing Director. As a result of Many people are now homeless as a result of the civil war. simply because we can't afford it. Be due to The accident was due to a concrete block thrown from a bridge. I was inclined to put it down to the pressures of his job. Because of something I had to move because of my job. Just because (=used when you think an explanation is not a good enough reason for something) You mean you dumped him just because he forgot your birthday? Simply because (=used when there is a very simple reason for something) We're not going on holiday this year.it's my sister". The play was a great success thanks to the effort and commitment of everyone involved. Since you're going to be in the area anyway. Because you've done such a good job. IELTS Essays.to think that something happens because of something else To put something down to When Charlie became ill. what you say when you are giving the reason for something Because She's in a bad mood because her father won't let her go to the party tonight. Because of the increase in street crime. Diagrams & Maps 137 . I'm giving everyone a 10% bonus. I offered to do the shopping. we regret to inform customers that this store will close early. you can do all your Christmas shopping from home. many old people are afraid to leave their homes. you can pick up the order for me. 4. Thanks to Today thanks to the Internet. 1150 deaths a year can be attributed to drunk driving. Owing to Owing to circumstances beyond our control.
The reason we are here this evening is to say thank you to Brian for all his hard work.Appendix 3: Essential Ideas As a direct result of Mr Logan died as a direct result of the injuries he received in the accident. Accidents don't always just happen . Through We succeeded through sheer hard work. Gravity is the force that makes the planets move around the sun. to make something happen To make something happen I wish you wouldn't slam the door. They're called the Black Hills on account of their color. Be the leading/main cause of something The study showed that drug use is the leading cause of crime and violence. Try to isolate the problems that are causing you the most difficulty. Diagrams & Maps . The autopsy showed that her death was caused by liver failure. About half of the chemicals that were tested caused cancer in rats. Cause something Heavy traffic is causing long delays on the roads. Cause 1.people can make them happen. Letters. Out of interest/curiosity/desperation etc She opened the letter. The reason … is The reason we didn't consider her for the job was that she didn't have enough experience. why don't we go out for a meal? I'd better do it myself. On account of We had to move to London on account of my job. Seeing as Spoken informal use this to give a reason for what you are suggesting or deciding Seeing as it's your birthday. An explosion on board appears to be the cause of the crash. seeing as no one else wants to do it. It makes the floor shake. Be responsible for Heart disease was responsible for most of the deaths. Hundreds of working days have been lost this year through illness. Cause something to do something The power failure caused the whole computer system to shut down. To make something happen Be the cause of It's too early to say whether this virus is actually the cause of the disease. He was clearly responsible for the deaths and must be punished.you've got to help me. I came to you out of desperation . Results in something 138 IELTS Essays. Graphs. Cause somebody trouble/problems/anxiety etc As children we were always causing our parents trouble. The Community Association collapsed through lack of support. just out of curiosity. Be largely/mainly responsible for something Inflation was largely responsible for the economic crisis.
Give rise to something The canal project gave rise to a malaria epidemic in the region.Appendix 3: Essential Ideas Workers fear that the company's reorganization will result in layoffs. Her jokes always make me laugh. To induce someone do something Whatever induced her to buy such an expensive car? The state advertises a great deal to induce its citizens to buy lottery tickets. 2. Diagrams & Maps 139 . Set something off Nobody knows what set the riot off. to make something bad suddenly happen Set off something The army's invasion set off a major international crisis. the condition will eventually result in blindness. Be made to do something I was made to wait for over an hour. The smell was so bad it almost made me throw up. Letters. The end of the cold war helped create a situation in which more countries than ever have access to nuclear weapons. Be motivated by something He was motivated by a desire to help his fellow man. What exactly prompted him to call you in the middle of the night? 3. Margot's outburst created an unpleasant atmosphere and most of the guests left early. Create / creation The white walls and mirrors helped to create an illusion of space. to make someone do something Make Sarah's very funny. Motivate somebody to do something I don't know what motivates people to commit such crimes. If left untreated. Months of secret talks with the rebels finally resulted in the release of the hostages. Lead somebody to do something What led you to take up teaching as a career? It was my interest in gardens that led me to study biology. No-one understands what could have caused her to hate him so much. Lead to something His research eventually led to the development of a vaccine. Cause somebody to do something A dog ran into the road. The President's frequent cancellations have given rise to concerns about his health. To prompt someone do something It was reading his book that prompted me to write to him. The parents' fear of gang activity caused them to move the family to a safer neighborhood. The government's main economic aim has been the creation of wealth. causing the cyclist to swerve. Lead somebody to believe The negative publicity has already led many to believe that Tompkins is guilty. The bank has offered a reward for information leading to the arrest of the robbers. Many in the Asian community feel that the police actions were motivated by racial bias. Spark/trigger something IELTS Essays. The new regulations should lead to an improvement in our water supply. The things she said make me wonder if she is in some kind of trouble. Graphs.
I'm going to have the roof fixed as soon as I can afford it. Render something useless/impossible/harmless etc Both runways have been rendered useless by enemy bombings. Make it easy/impossible/necessary etc (for somebody) to do something The regulations should make it easier for patients to receive the treatment they need. to be the first or basic cause of something Be at the root/bottom of Simple greed is at the root of most white-collar crime. Underlying cause/reason/factor etc A cause. Both countries claimed the same area. Play a part in 140 IELTS Essays. precipitating a border war. Graphs. reason etc that is one of the most basic and important. Letters. Climate and geography are the underlying reasons for the region's low level of economic development. sparked off by the arrest of seven student leaders. Have something ready/organized/prepared etc We'll have your car ready by 3 o'clock. The increased costs made it impossible to continue producing the computers in the U. Make something safe/interesting/dirty etc He could make things very difficult for us. Trigger/spark off something Riots. have spread to other universities. Diagrams & Maps . but environmental substances may also play a part. Lie at the root/bottom of something Difficulties with the company's overseas subsidiaries lie at the root of last year's losses. Precipitate The 1929 stock market crash precipitated the collapse of the American banking system. to be one of the causes of something Play a part Many cases of breast cancer have genetic causes. 4. to cause someone or something to be in a particular situation or condition To cause someone or something to be in a particular situation or condition Make somebody late/ill etc Hurry up .Appendix 3: Essential Ideas Even the smallest diplomatic incident can trigger a major international conflict. 6. My parents had the little train all laid out under the tree on Christmas morning. 5. At the bottom of the country's economic problems is its overwhelming debt. Render somebody unconscious/helpless etc Suddenly Packer struck a blow that rendered his victim unconscious. Engineers have been working throughout the night to make the bridge safe.you're going to make me late for work. The angry exchange rendered future compromise impossible. The assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand sparked the First World War. but which is not easy to notice They were treating only the symptoms of the disease rather than its underlying cause. Something I ate last night really made me sick.S. We gave the house a coat of paint to make it more attractive.
Root cause (=basic cause) The root cause of the current energy crisis is that we simply use too much energy. Root of The roots of the wars in the Balkans go back hundreds of years. something that makes something else happen Cause Something that makes something else happen Doctors cannot find a cure for the illness until they have identified the cause. Graphs. Reason why/ (that) The reason why the economy is growing more slowly is a lack of workers. That's the only reason. The genius of the two designers has played a big part in the company's recent success. Have origins in Many of our attitudes to the issue of race have their origins in the colonialism of days gone by. including the age of the car. Contribute to An increase in the price of drugs has contributed to the rising cost of medical care. Diagrams & Maps 141 . Reason for/behind Can anyone explain the reason for the delay? There were two reasons behind the company's failure. 7. Reason to do something There's no reason to doubt what she says. It is thought that the pilot's negligence may have contributed to the disaster. Factor The price of insurance depends on several factors. Factor in His girlfriend lives in London and I'm sure that was a factor in his decision to move there. Alcohol is a contributory factor in at least 50% of the violent crimes reported. Get to the root of something (=discover the most important cause) We need to get to the root of the problem. Contributory cause/factor One of several causes of something that happens. Deciding/determining factor (=the thing that finally makes something happens) Race should never be a deciding factor in a hiring decision.Appendix 3: Essential Ideas It is not yet known if weather conditions played a part in the accident. Other cultures' beliefs about the origins of disease often differ from our own. Origins of The origins of the crisis were very complex. Cause of Investigators are still trying to determine the cause of the accident. Key factor (=very important factor) Money will be the key factor when we decide to buy a new house. Reason "Why are you helping her?" "She asked me to. Letters. but not the main cause Malnutrition was considered to have been a contributory cause of death." The main reason she quit is that she was not being paid enough. IELTS Essays.
Stimulus to The surge in new housing construction ought to provide a stimulus to the economy. Impetus for/behind The impetus for change in the industry was provided by a new management team. but money is an important limiting factor. but wisely restrained herself. Letters. A bar to something His disability was no bar to his entry into the profession. It was all I could do to keep myself from hitting him. 142 IELTS Essays. There were reports that some people had been prevented from voting in the election. There is a lot of research that still needs to be done. Give impetus to something The Surgeon General's speech will give new impetus to the anti-smoking campaign. Diagrams & Maps . intended to prevent something happening Preventive/preventative We should spend more money educating people about preventive medicine. Schools must take preventative measures so that this type of tragedy never happens again Preventative action can easily be taken to avoid damp occurring in your house. Press criticism has been the main impetus behind the government reforms. Limiting I found the lack of available reference books very limiting. a problem that prevents you from achieving something Obstacle to The greatest obstacle to economic progress has been mass unemployment. Graphs. Stop somebody (from) doing something My parents tried to stop me seeing Anne. to prevent someone from doing what they want to do To prevent someone from doing what they want to do Prevent somebody from doing something A leg injury may prevent Shearer from playing in tomorrow's game. Restrain yourself She wanted to ask him all about his private life. 2. The government has taken legal action to stop the BBC from broadcasting a documentary about the Secret Service. Stop 1. 3. Differences in religious beliefs are not necessarily a bar to a good relationship. Restrain somebody from doing something His arm was hurting him and he had to be restrained from doing too much Discourage somebody from doing something Higher cigarette prices do not seem to discourage people from smoking. Overcome an obstacle (=deal with it successfully) She had to overcome a lot of obstacles to finally make it to Drama College.Appendix 3: Essential Ideas Stimulus The appointment of a new director gave the project immediate stimulus. Keep somebody from doing something Staying busy kept her from thinking about her illness.
Graphs. Research at the college came to an end in 1870. Diagrams & Maps 143 .use this especially about official or military actions The US says it is prepared to launch a pre-emptive strike with nuclear weapons if it is threatened. Too many children are still injured in avoidable accidents.Appendix 3: Essential Ideas Pre-emptive strike/action/attack An action that is done to harm someone before they can harm you . The shock has not worn off yet and he seems to be walking around in a daze. Difference of opinion about/over There were major differences of opinion over who should command the UN forces. Cease Hostilities between the two countries have now ceased. 4. Fade away He waited until the sound of the engines had faded away. Avoidable Running out of gas is annoying and easily avoidable. 6. The novelty wears off (=when you stop feeling interested or excited about something because it is no longer new) The kids spent hours on the computer at first. something that can be prevented Preventable Whooping cough and measles are both preventable diseases. As the music faded away the audience broke into enthusiastic applause. Disagreement between/among There is some disagreement among medical experts about the best treatment for back pain. Cease altogether (=stop completely) The sound of gunfire gradually receded and then ceased altogether. when people disagree Disagreement about/over Disagreement over who should produce the next album caused the band to split. the rain ceased and the sun came out. all our trips to theatres and cinemas came to an end. Difference of opinion between/among There is a difference of opinion between the chairman and the board as to the best way to handle the takeover. to gradually stop happening Wears off The effects of the anesthetic will wear off within a few hours. Letters. Disagreement 1. to stop happening Come to an end When we had children. but the novelty soon wore off. IELTS Essays. Many of these deaths each year are preventable. All good things must come to an end. Presently. 5.
Differ about/over Critics differed about the importance of Osborne's new play. causing disagreement Controversial A recent government paper on education contains some controversial new ideas. Disagree about Throughout their marriage my parents disagreed about whether to stay in their hometown or not. Disagree that The company's lawyers disagreed that the complaint was a criminal matter. Strongly disagree The court decision represents an issue on which the president and the Justice Department strongly disagree. Deadlock/stalemate over The political deadlock over allowable levels of greenhouse emissions Break the deadlock/stalemate (=end the situation) US negotiators met with representatives from both countries today in an attempt to break the deadlock. "The Miracle" The decision to use the bomb remains the most controversial question of the Second World War. Letters. and homophobic. Rossellini's controversial film. The contentious issue of arms sales to non-democratic countriesone that is likely to cause a lot of disagreement and argument Abortion has always been a contentious subject. to have a different opinion from someone else Disagree with I showed my article to the editor. 144 IELTS Essays. which many consider to be racist. All politicians agree that inflation must be beaten but they differ over methods of achieving this. sexist. Graphs. He disagreed with almost everything I'd written. The contentious issue of arms sales to non-democratic countries 3. Discord over There has always been discord over NATO's role in world conflict. 2. Take issue with somebody over something I took issue with Meeker over the way he was running the company.Appendix 3: Essential Ideas Controversy Controversy surrounds the TV show. Differ widely (=differ a lot) Scholars differ widely about when the two manuscripts were written. Diagrams & Maps . Causing disagreement Contentious issue/subject/problem etc One that is likely to cause a lot of disagreement and argument Abortion has always been a contentious subject. Controversy over There has been a huge controversy over where to put the city's new sports stadium and who should build it.
Face opposition Plans for the new stadium will no doubt face a lot of opposition. The one thing all the parties agreed on was the need for fair elections. and I tend to agree with him. Agree on/about I agree with you about the color -. my father raised one objection after another. Graphs. Express opposition Thousands of people plan to gather on Sunday to express their opposition to the government's handling of the crisis.Appendix 3: Essential Ideas 4. words or behavior that show that you oppose something Have an objection If anyone has any objections.it looks awful. the law was passed. to have the same opinion as someone else Agree with Mr. Strong opposition Despite strong opposition. any opponent of the government is likely to lose their job. Have no objection If you have no objection. Johnson thinks it's too risky. 5. Diagrams & Maps 145 . Letters. Lee agreed with Jackson that more opportunities should be created for minorities in film. I would like to use your name as a reference when I start applying for jobs. it seemed pointless to try and continue to persuade him. Be in agreement with IELTS Essays. Agree that Most experts agree that drugs like heroin can cause permanent brain damage. Agreement 1. One notable opponent of the proposal was the mayor. Hostility to/towards Recently there has been hostility towards the Prime Minister from members of his own party. Raise an objection (=state an objection) When I told him about my plans. Newspapers must reflect the views of the opposition as well as those of the government. Open hostility (=obvious or public hostility) Given his open hostility. Antagonism between Mitchell sees no clear way to end the antagonism between the two groups. Opposition Opinion polls showed the opposition pulling ahead in some areas. Opposition to Opposition to the war grew rapidly. Be in agreement on The two sides are in agreement on the need for arms reduction. please let us know as soon as possible. a person or group that opposes something Opponent of In some countries. Antagonism to/towards Hines made no effort to conceal his antagonism towards his supervisor.
In agreement Tara nodded her head in agreement. Share this/that view This view is shared by many doctors. Thanks for letting me spend the night at your place. 2. Consensus on/about There is still no general consensus on what our future policy should be. when people have the same opinion about something Agreement that There is general agreement among doctors that pregnant women should not smoke. The President might be willing to compromise on defense spending. because he did not concur with the division of the country into separate republics. Compromise on Stalin refused to compromise on any of his demands. Harada was elected by a unanimous vote. Concur with He resigned three years later. Graphs. Diagrams & Maps . Agreement on Officials said there was widespread agreement on the need to promote growth by cutting government spending. Allow 1. to agree by accepting less than you originally wanted Compromise The employers will have to be ready to compromise if they want to avoid a strike. Unanimous The decision of the committee was unanimous. 146 IELTS Essays. for once. Ryan needed unanimous agreement to bring his proposal up for a vote. Share somebody's view Many people shared Duvall's view. Critics accused the mayor of compromising too easily. Reach a consensus (=achieve agreement) The delegates will continue to meet until a consensus is reached. Make concessions to Our policy of not making concessions to terrorists remains intact. Consensus of opinion The consensus of opinion seems to be that the Prime Minister should resign. Unanimously The union members voted unanimously for a strike. to let someone do something Let somebody do something Sue doesn't let her kids eat candy.Appendix 3: Essential Ideas I found myself in agreement with the lawyer. Letters. 3. Unanimous agreement/choice/decision/vote etc Mr. Make concessions on The government has already made significant concessions on pay and conditions. and thought the plan should be stopped.
2. Have no objection to somebody doing something They said they had no objection to us leaving a little early. off etc) Several international relief organizations had been allowed into the area to determine what help was needed. Arming his consent to conduct the experiment. Allow somebody something (=allow them to have it) Paul's bank now allows him £35 a week. and Geoff can withdraw no more than £40. Permitted The water contained six times the permitted level of chlorine. Forbid somebody to do something The management forbids employees to accept tips from customers. he gave Dr. with the state's permission. Agree to The rebels finally agreed to a ban on terrorist activity. out. the city council authorized more funds for additional police officers. Not allow something Joan and Bill don't allow smoking in their house. Diagrams & Maps 147 . Forbid 1.Appendix 3: Essential Ideas Allow somebody to do something We do not allow people to smoke anywhere in the building. Give your consent to something In September. Authorize Who authorized the decision to close the factory? Among other matters. Authorize somebody to do something Only Congress can authorize the President to declare war. Not allow somebody to do something The university does not allow athletes to work during the school year. to tell someone that they must not do something Not let somebody do something My parents won't let me stay out after 11 o'clock. Indian nations are allowed to operate casinos on their reservations. Permit somebody to do something The law permits foreign investors to own up to 25% of British companies. Graphs. Forbid somebody (from) doing something IELTS Essays. Be permitted to do something Residents were not even permitted to fish in the reservoir. McCaskill left the California Angels on Saturday and agreed to a three-year contract with the Chicago White Sox worth over $6 million. Letters. Something is permitted Smoking is only permitted in the public lounge. to be allowed to do something Be allowed to do something Are we allowed to use calculators on the test? Something is allowed Lanterns and heaters are allowed on Forest Service lands if they are fueled by propane. Be allowed in/out/off/on etc (=be allowed to go in. Under federal law.
Graphs. I've always thought that my problems were very minor in proportion to those of many other people. Prohibit somebody from doing something Mexican law prohibits the clergy from teaching in universities and schools. Prohibit International Law prohibits the use of chemical weapons. the nights are bitterly cold. Contrast 1. Letters. Ban Many doctors now say that boxing should be banned. A new international treaty banning all nuclear tests Ban somebody from (doing) something Relatives of the prisoners were banned from visiting them. In contrast I read a lot as a child. as against a world average of over 70. Besides Tom's efforts seemed so weak beside Martin's.S. Women visit their doctors six times a year compared to the three or so visits that men make. The U. prohibited all flights to the country while the war was in progress. Pale in/by comparison (=to look worse or much less important in comparison) Forecasters say this year's drought could make that of 1991 pale by comparison. As against Last year there were 443 industrial accidents as against 257 in 1985. when one thing is being compared with another Compared to/with The British are good drivers compared to those in the rest of the EU. In proportion to Ricky's head is small in proportion to the rest of his body. Delhi is so old that many European cities actually look young beside it. Statistics show that there has been a 20% reduction in burglary compared with last year. by contrast. just seems interested in television. In contrast to In contrast to the hot days. With only 57 inhabitants per square mile. Relative strength/weakness The relative strength of the dollar against the Mexican peso Relative advantages (and disadvantages) 148 IELTS Essays. In comparison/by comparison with We employ far fewer staff in comparison with similar-sized companies. but my daughter. The Yankees' problems pale by comparison with those of the Dodgers.Appendix 3: Essential Ideas They were forbidden from entering the sacred chamber. Diagrams & Maps . the country is far from overcrowded.
It is all relative (=it cannot be judged on its own. They were completely different musicians. Graphs. More/less/bigger etc than Geographically. isn't it? Someone who is poor in this country might be considered well off in another. Fresh fruit and vegetables have become a comparative rarity in the region. You could draw parallels with the old Samson and Delilah story. Relative merits (=what is good about them compared with each other) The two men stood at the bar discussing the relative merits of various sports cars. Now we're comparatively well off. the rest is relatively simple. Draw an analogy between He drew an analogy between mathematics and language. To compare things Compare something/somebody with I hate the way you always compare me with your ex-boyfriend. During the bombings. If you compare rents in London with those in New York. My sister earns a lot more than I do. He was drawing parallels between events leading up to the last war and current political problems.Appendix 3: Essential Ideas She was terrified of flying. 2. Canada is bigger than the US. Comparative happiness/comfort/safety etc Happiness. Relatively Once you've mastered the basic strokes of squash. Make a comparison between The article makes a comparison between the novels 'Anna Karenina' and 'Madame Bovary'. He likened today's stock market to that of the 1920s. families sheltered in the comparative safety of the underground rail stations. Contrast with IELTS Essays. Letters. Morris has often been likened to Bobby Kennedy. The relative advantages of air travel didn't tempt her at all. you'll find they are about the same. You can't compare Charlie Parker with John Coltrane. Joe drew an analogy between the Soviet Union of 1946 and Germany of 1938 Draw a parallel between/with One could draw a parallel between the professions of acting and politics. comfort. safety etc that is fairly satisfactory when compared to another After a lifetime of poverty. his last few years were spent in comparative comfort. Comparatively We were absolutely broke in those days. but must be compared with others) It's all relative. Diagrams & Maps 149 . Liken somebody/something to Critics have likened the new city hall building to a barn.
Diagrams & Maps . skeletally they are quite similar. Kakar finds parallels between the Hindi film and popular myths. Similarity with/to We were able to tell the date of the statue because of its similarity with other statues of that period. Graphs. Similarity 1. scientists and science-fiction writers talked about the similarity of Mars to Earth. the quality of being similar Similarity between The author notes the similarity between Western and Chinese principles and sees them as having a common basis in science. 2. 150 IELTS Essays. Family resemblance (=a resemblance between members of the same family) When he met Francesca's aunt he was instantly struck by the family resemblance. Parallel between There are certain parallels between the situation in Europe today and that which existed 90 years ago. Resemblance to Although the fish have little external resemblance to each other. Compare and contrast (=show the similarities and differences) The book compares and contrasts the various methods used in language teaching. Letters. Similarity between There is one important similarity between the two political systems. a particular way in which things or people are similar Similarity in The book classifies cheeses by similarities in flavour. rather than by ingredients.Appendix 3: Essential Ideas In the film. Striking resemblance (=extremely strong resemblance) The Japanese maple leaf bears a striking resemblance to a marijuana leaf. The similarity of something (to something) For generations. the peaceful life of a monk is contrasted with the violent life of a murderer. It is interesting to contrast life in Spain now with what it was like prior to 1975.
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