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CR

MIIC
M RO RU
OSSTTR UR
CTTU
UC RA MA
ALL M PP
AP NG
PIIN GO AU
OFF A USSTTEEN
NIITTIIC
CMMA NG
AN GAAN 34
NEESSEE SSTTEEEELL--3 01
40 1
N IISSO
IIN HEER
OTTH MA
RM ALL C OO
CO NG
OLLIIN G P RO
PR CEESSSS
OC
(Pemetaan mikrostruktur keluli manganan 3401 dalam proses pendinginan pantas isotermal)

INTRODUCTION
The Microstructure of austenitic manganese
Steel-3401 is unusual. It is normally used in
industry in the heat-treated condition. The
austenitic grain boundaries are well defined and
of approximately uniform thickness.
A precipitation of iron and manganese carbides at
the grain boundary is progressively studied as the
phenomena mapping of the formation of a new Manganese Steel (a) rail track (b) rail

phase. A kinetics study is investigated using the


Johnson Mehyer Avrami equation. THE CHARACTERISATION METHODS
X-ray Diffraction (XRD) is a non-destructive
STUDY PHENOMENA technique for characterizing crystalline materials
which provides information on structures,
• Mapping of Manganese Steel microstructure phases, preferred crystal orientations (texture)
• The Characterisation Methods and other structural parameters such as average
grain size, crystallinity, strain and crystal defects.
• Transformed Kinetics Phenomena The peak intensities are determined by the
• Analysis of Diffusion Process atomic decoration within the lattice planes..

KINETICS OF TRANSFORMATION
MAPPING OF MICROSTRUCTURE

a b

c d

Kinetic Transformation in Isothermal condition : (a) 5000C rapid cooling


KINETICS STUDY PHENOMENA EQUIPMENT
(b) 5000C slow cooling (c) 6000C rapid cooling (c) 6000C slow cooling