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29982776 Operations Management

29982776 Operations Management

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Published by Marija Micova
operations management
operations management

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Published by: Marija Micova on Mar 02, 2013
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03/31/2015

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Last but not least in the list of factors influencing design is the production aspect. The product need
not only be well-planned on the drawing board, but its design must also be capable of being eventually
translated into palpable fact. The designer must therefore face a multitude of practical production
problems. “Design for production” has become a motto among designers. The following three aspects
of production engineering have to be weighed:
1. Selection of processes that will be the most suitable and economical for the purpose. Such a
selection will have to consider:
(i)The production quantities involved. Some processes are very expensive to operate unless
used for a suitable production run.
(ii)Utilization of existing equipment. Such considerations may override acquisition of equipment
for an ideally more suitable process.
(iii)Selection of jigs and fixtures and other production aids, the use of which may affect the
design of components.
(iv)Sequence of operations and methods for subassembling and assembling.
(v)Limitation of skill. The selection of a process must be compatible with available skill and
sometimes may be solely governed by it. Mechanized and push button equipment is
particularly suitable to non-skilled or semiskilled operators, but it is usually expensive to
install and must be justified by long runs.
(vi)Application of new production processes. The designer has to consider not only conventional
techniques but also the latest developments and research into newer production methods.
2. Utilization of materials and components with the view of
(i)Selection of materials having appropriate specifications.
(ii)Selection of method or design to reduce waste and scrap.
(iii)Using standard components and assemblies.
(iv)Having interchangeability of components and assemblies with in the product.
3. Selection of appropriate workmanship and tolerances that satisfy quality requirements, but
which are at the same time compatible with the precision and quality that can be attained through
the available processes. Specification of quality may also affect the selection of processes.

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