Wire Rope Cross Sections

6x7
Poly Core

6 x 12
Marine Rope

6 x1 7
Filler Rope

6 x19
Seale

6 x 19
Warrington

6 x 21
Filler Wire

6 x 24
(Mooring Line)

6 x 25
Filler Wire

6 x 26
WarringtonSeale

6 x 27
Seale

6 x 31
Filler Wire

6 x 31
WarringtonSeale

6 x 36
Filler Wire

6 x 36
Warrington-Seal

6 x 37
Warrington

6 x 49
Filler Wire-Seale

6 x40
Filler Wire

6 x 26
Warrington-Seale

6x8
(Mooring Line)

6 x 25
Filler Wire

6 x 30
Warrington-Seale

18 x 7
Non-rotating

19 x 7
Non-rotating

7x7
Glavanized &
Stainless Steel
Wire Rope

1x3
Strand

1 x7
Strand

6 x 41
6 x 41
6 x 46
Warrington-Seal Filler Wire-Seale Filler Wire-Seale

6 x 27
SealeWarrington

6 x 42
Seale

5 x 19
Filler Wire

7 x 7 x7
Glavanized &
Stainless Steel
Wire Rope

1 x 19
Strand

6 x 31
Seale

1 x 37
Strand

7 x 7 x7
Cable-Laid

6 x 31
Filler Wire

6 x 3 x 31
Warrington-Seale

7 x 7 x 19
Cable-Laid

7 x 7 x 41
Filler Wire

Recommended Applications
for Wire Ropes
USE

SIZE (in.)

CONSTRUCTION

LAY

CORE

GRADE

1/2 & Up
1/2 & Up
All
3/8 & Up

6 x 2 5 FW or 6 x 36
WS
6 x 19 or 6 x 37 Class
6 x 19 Class
6 x 37 Class

RRL
RRL
RRL
RRL

IWRC
IWRC
IWRC
IWRC

EIPS
EIPS
EIPS
EIPS

All
All
3/8---1-1/2

6 x 19 Class or 19 x
19
6 x 19 Class
19 x 7 or 35 x 7

RRL
RRL
RRL

IWRC
IWRC
IWRC

EIPS
EIPS
EIPS

All

6 x 19 Class

All

6 x 37 Class

RRL
RRL
RRL
RRL
RRL

IWRC
IWRC
IWRC
IWRC
IWRC

EIPS
EIPS
EIPS
EIPS
EIPS

Up to 1-1/4
1-3/8 & Up
3/4---1-1/2
1-5/8---3
3 & Up
1/2 & Up

6 x 19 or 8 x 19 Class
6 x 37 Class
8 x 19 Class
8 x 37 Class
8 x 37 Class
6 X 19 Class

RLL
RLL
RLL
RLL
RRL
RRL

IWRC
IWRC
IWRC
IWRC
IWRC
IWRC

EIPS
EIPS
EIPS
EIPS
EIPS
EIPS

Up to 1 1/8
1-1/4 & Up
3/4 & Up
1/2---1-1/4
1-3/8 & Up
3/8---1
1" & Up

6 x 19 CL or 8 x 19
CL
6 x 37 CL or 8 X 19
CL
6 x 37 CL or 8 X 19
CL
6 x 19 CL or 8 x 19
CL
6 x 37 CL or 8 X 19
CL
6 x 37 CL or 8 X 19
CL
6 x 37 CL or 8 X 19
CL

RLL
RLL
RLL
RRL
RRL
RRL
RRL

IWRC
IWRC
IWRC
IWRC
IWRC
IWRC
IWRC

EIPS
EIPS
EIPS
EIPS
EIPS
IPS
IPS

All
All

6 X 19 Class
6 X 19 Class

RRL
RRL

IWRC
IWRC

EIPS
EIPS

Clamshell
Holding &
Closing Lines
Boom Hoist
Line
Tag Line
Crawler & Truck Cranes
Hoist Line
Boom Hoist
Line
Whip Line
Cranes & Hoists
Overhead

Ladle Crane
Dragline
Hoist Line
Drag Line

Boom Hoist
Shovels
Hoist Line
Crowd &
Retract
Boom Hoist
Trip Rope

Logging Ropes
Chokers
Winch Lines
Mining

Rotation Lay Core RRL .Wire Rope Core FC .Seale Filler Wire RR .Left Regular Lay IWRC . Extra Improved Construction FW .Right Lang Lay LRL .Extra Improved Plow Steel GIPS .Improved Plow Steel EIPS . 6 x 21 S.Extra.Fiber Core Fiber .Polypropylene . 6 x 21 S.Slope Rope Shaft Hoist Ropes Slusher Rope Mining Machine Rope All All All All 6 x 19 S RLL 6 x 19 S or 6 x 25 FW RLL or 3 x 19 S or 6 x 19 S RRL RRL 6 x 36 WS or 6 x 41 RRL WS FIBER FIBER IWRC IWRC IPS IPS IPS EIPS All All All 6 x 37 Class 6 x 19 or 6 x 37 Class 6 x 37 Class IWRC IWRC IWRC EIPS EIPS EIPS 6 x 19 S.Hemp or Poly Core Poly . 6 x RRL 1-1/4---2 RLL 26 CL 1/2---1 RRL 6 x 37 Class 1/2---5/8 RRL 6 x 19 Class 1-1/2---3 3/4 RRL 6x7 6 x 19 Class or 6 x 37 RRL 3/8---2 RRL Class 3/8---2-1/4 6 x 37 Class or 35 x 7 RRL 1-3/8---6 RRL Class 1-1/2---4 RLL or 35 x 7 Class 3-1/2---10 LLL 6 x 37 Class 6 x 37 Class IWRC IWRC IWRC POLY FIBER IWRC IWRC IWRC IWRC IWRC IWRC EIPS IPS IPS IPS EIPS IPS or EIPS EIPS EIPS EIPS EIPS Marine Ropes Towing Hawser Mooring Lines Cargo Falls RRL RRL RRL Oil Field Rotary Drill Lines Sand Lines Tubling Line Cable Tool Line 3/4---2 All All All Offshore Rotary Drill Lines Riser Tensioner Lines Guide Lines Sand Lines Pendant Lines Crane-Main Hoist Crane-Auxiliary Hoist Anchor Lines Heavy Lift Slings Heavy Lift Slings Definition of Abbreviations Grade IPS.Right Regular Lay RLL .Warrington Seale SFW .Filler Wire WS .Galvanized Improved Plow Steel EEIPS . 6 x RRL RRL 26 NS RRL or 6x7 LRL 6 x 26 WS 6 x 21 S IWRC POLY FIBER IWRC POLY FIBER EIPS IPS EIPS IPS 1---2 6 x 19 S.

Extra.Wire Rope Core FC .Seale Filler Wire RR .Rotation Resistant W .Seale RRL .Warrington S .Galvanized Improved Plow Steel EEIPS . Extra Improved Plow Steel FW .Polypropylene Core .Right Attended Lay LAL .IPS.Warrington Seale SFW .Right Lang Lay LRL .Left Lang Lay RAL .Extra. Extra Improved Plow Steel EEEIPS .Left Attended Lay IWRC .Extra.Hemp or Poly Core Poly .Filler Wire WS .Left Regular Lay LLL .Improved Plow Steel EIPS .Extra Improved Plow Steel GIPS .Right Regular Lay RLL .Fiber Core Fiber .

NOTE: These values are for reasonable service.Filler Wire **D=tread diameter of sheave d= nominal diameter of rope To find any tread diameter from this table. etc.Seale Filler Wire SWS . the diameter for the rope construction to be used is multiplied by its nominal diameter (d). .Warrington Seale FWS . Other values are permitted by various standards such as ANSI. For example. the minimum sheave tread diameter for a 1/2" 6 x 21 FW rope would be 1/2" (nominal diameter) x 30 (minimum ratio) or 15". PCSA. Smaller values affect rope life.Sheave and Drum Ratios Construction* 6x7 19 x 7 or 18 x 7 Rotation Resistant 6 x 19 S 6 x 25 B Flattened Strand 6 x 27 H Flattened Strand 6 x 30G Flattened Strand 6 x 21 FW 6 x 26 WS 6 x 25 FW 6 x 31 WS 6 x 37 SFW 6 x 36 WS 6 x 43 FWS 6 x 41 WS 6 x 41 SFW 6 X 49 SWS 6 X 43 FW (2 op) 6 x 46 SFW 6 x 46 WS 8 x 19 S 8 x 25 FW 6 x 42 Tiller Suggested D/d Ratio** 72 51 51 45 45 45 45 45 39 39 39 35 35 32 32 32 28 28 28 41 32 21 Minimum D/d Ratio** 42 34 34 30 30 30 30 30 26 26 26 23 23 21 21 21 18 18 18 27 21 14 * WS . HMI.Seale Warrington Seale S . CMAA.Filler Wire Seale SFW . API.Seale FW .

the following provides a sufficiently close approximation.308 0. there is no appreciable error in the result unless the traverse of the reel is quite small relative to the flange diameter ("H").506 0.2618 divided by rope diameter (squared) Diam (inches) 1/16 3/32 1/8 5/32 3/16 7/32 1/4 5/16 3/8 7/16 K 49.0770 0.6 8.0597 0.821 feet The value of "K" is taken from the previously calculated table of values shown below. .107 0.239 0.58 1.0532 0.0886 0.0419 0.607 0.4 13.21 1. The formula also assumes that there will be the same number of wraps in each layer.354 0.72 6.925 0.152 or (A + B) x A x C x K Answer .127 0.428 0. While this is not strictly correct.59 3.0380 * This formula is based on uniform rope winding on the reel.741 0.152 Diam (inches) 1-3/8 1-1/2 1-5/8 1-3/4 1-7/8 2 2-1/8 2-1/4 2-3/8 2-1/2 K 0.14 4.152 "K" FACTORS** (0. 24" diameter drum and 30" width between flanges? Using the above formula the number of feet equals (6 + 24) x 6 x 30 x . It will not give correct results if the winding is non-uniform.8 23.29 2.19 Diam (inches) 1/2 9/16 5/8 11/16 3/4 13/16 7/8 1 1-1/8 1-1/4 K 0.0476 0.0675 0.191 0.Calculating Reel Capacity SHIPPING REEL CAPACITY While it is virtually impossible to calculate the precise length of wire rope that can be spooled on a reel or drum. For 1 1/4 diameter this value "K" is . ** The values given for "K" factors take normal rope oversize into account. Capacities In Feet Of Rope = (A + B) ACK Example: How much 1 1/4" diameter rope can be spooled on a drum having a 36" diameter flange.

.

The necking down of the wire at this point shows that failure occurred while the wire retained its ductility.6 Derricks 6 B30.2 Overhead & Gantry Cranes 12 B30. A wire broken under a tensile load that exceeds its strength by the "cup and cone" configuration at the fracture point (a).5 Crawler.4 Personnel Hoists 6** A10. Tower & Pillar 6 Cranes B30.16 Overhead Hoists 12 A10. . Locomotive & 6 Truck Cranes B30.7 Base Mounted Drum Hoists 6 B30. Fatigue breaks are usually chacterized by squaredoff ends perpendicular to the wire either straight across or Z-shaped (c & d).4 Portal.Criteria for Replacement of Wire Ropes When to Replace Wire Rope .5 Material Hoists 6** In One Strand 4 3 3 3 3 3 4 3 Not Specified Number Broken Wires in Standing Ropes In One At End Rope Lay Connection Not Specified Not Specified 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 Not Specified Not Specified 2** 2 Not Specified Not Specified * American National Standards Institute ** Also remove for 1 valley break.Based on Number of Broken Wires Galvanized Number Broken Wires in Running Ropes ANSI* Equipment In One Standard Rope Lay B30. Shear-tensile fracture (b) occurs in wire subjected to a combination of transverse and axial loads.8 Flotaing Cranes & Derricks 6 B30.

6 11.5 8./ Lbs.000 3/8 7 x 19 12.760 5/32 7x7 2.3 Stainless Steel Diameter in Construction Minimum Break Inches Strength/Lbs.400 1. .Galvanized & Stainless Steel Wire Rope 7 x 19 (Shown Vinyl Coated) 7x7 (Shown Vinyl Coated) Galvanized Diameter in Inches 1/16 3/32 1/8 1/8 5/32 5/32 3/16 3/16 7/32 1/4 9/32 5/16 3/8 Construction Minimum Break Strength/Lbs.6 2.3 24.5 6.200 7 x 19 5.120 1.400 Rated Load/Lbs.000 7x7 2.000 7 x 19 8.0 13.9 4.5 6. 1/16 7x7 480 3/32 7x7 920 1/8 7x7 1.960 2.700 7 x 19 2.0 13.000 1/4 7 x 19 6.600 7 x 19 2.400 9/32 7 x 19 7.600 1.8 1. .6 2.800 5/16 7 x 19 9.280 1.700 7 x 19 4.600 5/32 7 x 19 2.3 4.400 3/16 7x7 3. Per 100 Ft. Per 100 Ft.560 1.8 1.700 1/8 7 x 19 1.880 WT.800 7x7 3.5 8.800 7 x 19 14. Per .000 Rated Load/Lbs.3 Vinyl Coated (Galvanized) Diameter in "Coated Construction Minimum Break Rated WT.000 7 x 19 9.9 17.2 6.8 2.9 17.3 24.700 7/32 7 x 19 5.600 7 x 19 7. 100 180 340 350 520 480 740 740 1.400 WT.2 6.000 1.8 2.9 4./ Lbs.700 3/16 7 x 19 3.6 11. 100 180 340 400 520 560 740 840 1.3 4.800 2. 7x7 480 7x7 920 7x7 1.

/ Lbs.5 7/32 1/4 7 x 19 7 x 19 5.Inches To" Strength/Lbs. .400 8.0 9/32 7 x 19 8.2 3/32 1/8 1/8 3/16 1/4 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 1/4 5/16 3/16 7 x 19 4.000 1.000 3.6 11.200 840 6.700 180 340 400 840 1.200 7.000 4.800 14.700 2.000 1. metals.400 740 100 Ft. and coatings available on request.9 5/16 3/8 7 x 19 7 x 19 9.120 1.600 7. 7x7 7x7 7 x 19 7 x 19 7 x 19 7x7 920 1.600 13.3 Other sizes. 3 4 4 9 14 6. constructions.880 17.3 24.400 1. Load/Lbs.960 2.

460 42.622 0.950 134.712 0.800 0.297 1.700 . at same strength.650 123. * Regular or Compacted Strand 2160 Grade (Approximate) Nominal Diameter mm-1/+4% 10 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 1" Mass LBS/FT 0.011 1.450 96.Metric Crane Ropes * Available in inches and millimeters * Super Rotation Resistance * Can be used with in-line Swivels * 1770 thru 2160 Grades * Drawn Galvanized available.660 105.230 87.210 114.370 70.009 2.848 2.580 30.538 0.907 1.100 MBL LBS 31.570 36.136 1.400 61.699 1.000 54.556 1.430 147. for added corrosion protection.431 1.450 0.140 78.312 0.260 49.

160 34 3.210 32 3.157 144.320 28 2.193 273.26 2.590 30 2. .736 245.313 217.040 36 4.688 177.923 192.140 All specifications included herein are subject to change without notice.553 169.730 29 2.

06 . stability. When properly used.8 . fatigue resistance. ? Ideally suited to rugged applications. (Lbs. Compared to standard 19 x 7. logging. ? Designers/Engineers: ideal when machinery space and weight savings are important. This rotation resistant./FT) (tons of 2000 lb. Compacted Strand 6 x 26 19 x 19 Diameter Approx Nominal Strength Approx Nominal Strength (inches) WT.Wire Rope Compacted Strand Flex-X® and Hyperform® ? ? ? ? Mining.74 5/16 . higher strength rope provides extra value in both original equipment designs and replacement applications. All popular sizes.91 . and abrasion resistance are beneficial. Boom hoist ropes and drag ropes and mainline ropes in logging are a few of many recommended applications.127 3.131 3. Longer service life. Stability.) 1/4 .) WT.218 6.212 5./FT) (tons of 2000 lb. Flex-X® 6 x 26 should be used in applications where increased strength. strength. ? Single-part multi-part hoist lines. industrial. (Lbs. (See metric core ropes) ? Important: Do not exceed 5:1 design factor. Flex-X provides higher strength in a smaller diameter. construction. and abrasion resistance. with better resistance to drum crushing. and oilfield applications. Flex-X® 6 x 26 can result in longer service life.

9 71.54 .25 5.4 43.67 2.3 19.69 .41 .17 2.7 32.5 87.45 4.55 .9 106 125 .5 87.25 1.8 56.33 5.9 106 125 .71 3.6 18.43 4.86 1.5 22.9 15.7 32.3 22.3/8 7/16 1/2 9/16 5/8 3/4 7/8 1 1-1/8 1-1/4 1-3/8 1-1/2 .3 11.25 1.80 11.8 56.11 8.70 .85 1.18 2.31 .9 71.40 .2 14.32 .75 3.01 8.68 2.4 43.

00 97.00 5.0 317.71 0.00 6.00 17.50 1-1/8 29.63 3.70 2.00 10.00 201. multiply tons (nominal breaking strength) by 8.60 47.00 181.18 4.74 2.60 17.0 92.0 160.16 0.70 70.6 x 36 6 x 37 Classification/Bright (Uncoated).13 3.26 3.70 18.44 6.11 0.51 12.90 2-7/8 74.00 8.00 265.0 399.00 287.60 2. For Regular Galvanized Strengths.66 0.5 6.0 362.27 7.10 5.htm 24/8/2550 .0 244.00 162.41 7/8 22.80 37.5 2.00 145.95 1.50 3.00 11.70 2-3/8 61.92 1 26.72 10.70 9.49 0.50 12.00 128.10 22.60 2-5/8 67.00 2-1/8 54.40 3-1/4 83.20 29.61 1-3/4 45.0 4.79 5/8 16.80 21.00 243.63 9/16 14.0 141. or Drawn Galvanized.00 336.00 9.80 2 51.35 7/16 11.53 0.20 1.00 13.70 3 77.10 2-1/2 64.90 1.70 15.70 26.91 1-3/8 35.53 0.0 344.91 8.ashleysling.00 16.00 221.448 newtons (N).50 3-1/8 80.0 107.0 52.30 2-3/4 70.42 0.50 15.29 1.0 200.10 0.15 7.50 3.00 312.48 14.48 1/2 13.73 1-1/2 38.00 83.16 5/16 8.0 179.com/wirerp6.0 77. Fiber Core Nominal Diameter Nominal Strength* Approximate Mass Improved Plow Steel Inches MM TONS METRIC TONS LB/FT KG/M 1/4 6.00 5.00 15.5 13.0 32.00 112.0 222.5 8.wire rope Page 1 of 1 Nominal Strengths of Wire Rope 6 x 31 .98 3/4 19.896.86 0. http://www.20 0.0 268.60 0.17 1-1/4 32.0 64. 1 lb = 4.00 7.60 58.50 0.40 24.0 371.30 2-1/4 57.0 124.63 1-5/8 42. Deduct 10%.24 3/8 9.0 23.0 10.78 5.32 0.90 20.30 * To convert to Kilonewtons (kN).59 11.10 4.24 0.0 292.00 12.66 1-7/8 48.68 2.0 16.0 41.

11 2.00 221.85 2.04 1.08 5.0 133.00 285.00 274.30 19.00 138.0 25.18 0.67 11.67 4.88 1.12 0.50 1-1/2 38.35 9.94 5/16 8.50 17.39 8.88 5.30 5.00 2-3/8 61.5 14. or Drawn Galvanized.16 4.00 158.00 174.70 46.90 1-1/8 29.00 274.00 200.00 361.0 239.75 3.50 7.60 1 26.90 72. multiply tons (nominal breaking strength) by 8.40 13.00 261.00 238.40 26.0 172. For Regular Galvanized Strengths.00 174.90 65.0 44.90 15.80 * To convert to Kilonewtons (kN).00 79.35 0.50 4.70 29.70 104.00 247.00 156.80 15.00 75.27 4.56 7/16 11.58 3/8 9.00 300.19 7.40 3. Deduct 10%. 1 lb = 4.00 2-3/4 70.0 262.50 96.78 7.85 10.50 5/8 16.07 10.00 59.00 2 51.0 83.27 0.0 115.59 0.42 1.50 9/16 14.00 2-1/2 64.ashleysling.00 180.89 1/2 13.00 224.90 1-5/8 42.00 1-3/4 45.00 331.70 3/4 19.00 120.00 195. http://www.0 34.00 2-5/8 67.10 51.80 36.896.5 2.0 215.00 1-7/8 48.448 newtons (N).30 12.0 314.5 8.40 40.25 13.52 0.00 153.00 302.10 114.00 METRIC TONS 2.40 11.40 1-3/8 35.0 98.10 16.80 14.6 x 26 6 x 19 Classification/Bright (Uncoated).50 1-1/4 32.00 2-1/4 57.30 63.60 18.com/wirerp5.68 0.70 89.21 6.70 39.00 132.89 3.0 4.07 1.40 13.00 327.00 121.26 8.00 87.95 8.20 23. IWRC Nominal Diameter Nominal Strength* Improved Plow Steel Inches MM TONS 1/4 6.00 LB/FT 0.0 17.55 2.00 Approximate Mass Extra Improved Plow Steel TONS METRIC TONS 3.70 51.00 2-1/8 54.20 9.0 192.0 11.0 69.00 KG/M 0.26 0.htm 24/8/2550 .72 1.39 0.00 198.20 20.67 6.36 10.00 139.48 4.55 6.16 5.44 9.20 16.5 6.00 20.46 0.00 249.20 31.17 0.0 56.0 288.wire rope Page 1 of 1 Nominal Strengths of Wire Rope 6 x 25 .34 2.60 7/8 22.0 152.00 103.00 12.00 217.60 12.

91 8.60 17.53 0.32 0.80 2 51.95 1.79 5/8 16.15 7.00 5.10 5.5 6.70 9.26 3.48 14.00 112.20 1.0 77.50 0.91 1-3/8 35.0 32.00 128.0 141.60 58.80 21.60 0.27 7.00 201.0 10. For Regular Galvanized Strengths.5 13.0 64.50 3. or Drawn Galvanized. multiply tons (nominal breaking strength) by 8.10 0.86 0.63 9/16 14.00 145.0 200.00 11.00 12.66 0.0 222.00 6.44 6.00 83.61 1-3/4 45.0 4.60 47.59 11.0 268.0 23.0 124.00 8.41 7/8 22.18 4.50 12.49 0.0 179.10 2-1/2 64.00 243.00 10.0 244. .24 3/8 9.0 292.73 1-1/2 38.0 160.66 1-7/8 48.00 2-1/8 54.6 x 21 6 x 19 Classification/Bright (Uncoated).53 0.0 107.92 1 26.29 1.5 2.16 5/16 8.80 37.42 0.70 70.17 1-1/4 32.68 2.71 0.11 0.00 265.72 10.00 7.98 3/4 19.63 1-5/8 42.70 18.5 8.63 3.00 181.50 3.13 3.0 92.60 2-5/8 67.48 1/2 13.0 16.Nominal Strengths of Wire Rope 6x19 . 1 lb = 4.35 7/16 11.74 2.70 2-3/8 61.00 97.00 5.90 1.10 4.70 2.20 29.24 0.30 2-1/4 57.90 * To convert to Kilonewtons (kN).70 15.0 52.00 162.896.00 221.60 2.78 5.30 2-3/4 70.51 12.20 0.0 41. Deduct 10%.50 1-1/8 29.448 newtons (N).16 0. Fiber Core Nominal Diameter Nominal Strength* Approximate Mass Improved Plow Steel Inches MM TONS METRIC TONS LB/FT KG/M 1/4 6.00 9.50 15.

Steel centers resist crushing. it can cause bad winding on smooth drums and rubbing against the flanges of the grooves. SHEAVE ALIGNMENT Proper alignment of sheaves is essential. Too small a fleet angle should also be avoided since it will cause the rope to pile up against the flange head. Wire Ropes are made with either fiber core or steel wire core. The best practice in determining an adequate design factor is to analyze the specific conditions involved inn each individual installation. For optimum efficiency.000 lbs.. and is having an ultimate strength of 50. the angle here should not exceed 1 1/2 degrees for a smooth drum. The main sheave should line up with the center of the hoisting drum. If the fleet angle is larger than the recommended limits. The Design Factor takes into consideration both normal rope wear and potential stresses in various applications. FLEET ANGLE The fleet angle is the angle formed between the rope running to or from the extreme left or right of the drum and a line drawn from the center of the sheave normal to the axis of the drum. 2) Independent Wire Rope Core (IWRC) This center is usually composed of a separate 7x7 wire rope designated as IWRC. the factor is 5 which means it is operating at 20% of its ultimate strength. DESIGN FACTOR The Design Factor being both the ratio between the minimum Breaking load of the rope and the rated capacity (RC) tells at what percentage of its ultimate strength a wire rope is operating. These steel cores provide more substantial support than fiber cores to the outer strands during the rope's operating life. are more resistant to heat and increase the strength of the rope.Wire Rope Specifications TYPES OF CORES An important point to consider is the selection of the proper type of core needed in the rope. conditions should be corrected. or 2 degrees for a grooved drum.000 lbs. otherwise both the rope and sheave flanges will be subjected to severe and rapid deterioration will occur. If . Before installing any wire rope that winds onto a drum. The steel core increases the strength by 7% and the weight by 10%. operating load of 10. 1) Fiber Core (FC) This center is made of either natural fibers or polypropylene and offers greater elasticity than the independent Wire Rope Core. the fleet angle should be checked and if found improper. The following example shows how to determine the Design Factor: If a rope is working under a max.

rope speeds are high. NOTE: Wire rope products will break if abused. Consult industry recommendation and OSHA standards before using. Regular inspection and maintenance are necessary. misused or overused. sheaves should also be balanced. .

Minimum Sheave and Drum-Groove Dimensions* .

32 58.69 20.543 .639 .817 2.794 1.135 .298 2.94 45.13 9.22 40.320 .050 2.11 * Values given are applicable to grooves in sheaves and drums.18 13.66 16.62 39.37 61.664 1.199 1.45 32.72 52.08 81.32 8.24 5.947 3.074 3.41 39.04 27.303 .59 42.86 64.55 74.271 .339 1.807 1. the dimensions do not apply to traction-type elevators.605 .481 1.598 1.897 .473 1.23 Worn 5 inches .271 1.663 2.23 17.137 1.28 33.16 22.434 2.404 1.440 .153 1.64 71.190 .11 43.33 57.085 1.607 1.4 8.534 2.79 15.57 48.36 67.25 23.025 1. Further.40 22.929 3.538 1.89 13.468 .48 27.59 6.65 11.658 1.167 .49 34.11 5.210 1.95 68.88 30.03 14.94 6.72 54.803 .43 4.220 .78 24.256 .47 50.01 35.198 New 4 mm 3.28 4.959 1.06 4.90 47. drum-and sheave-groove tolerances should conform to the elevator manufacturer's specifications.730 1.79 37.07 40.699 .36 26.56 28.288 .07 55.37 16.35 71.178 2.544 1.513 .731 1.264 2.Nominal Rope Diameter 1 inches 1/4 5/16 3/8 7/16 1/2 9/16 5/8 3/4 7/8 1 1-1/8 1-1/4 1-3/8 1-1/2 1-5/8 1-3/4 1-7/8 2 2-1/8 2-1/4 2-3/8 2-1/2 2-5/8 2-3/4 2-7/8 3 3-1/8 3-1/4 3-3/8 3-1/2 3-3/4 4 4-1/4 4-1/2 4-3/4 5 5-1/4 5-1/2 5-3/4 6 Nominal Rope Diameter 2 mm 6.201 .669 .759 .557 2.99 35.869 1.70 8.334 .079 1.396 2.691 2.97 45.003 1.075 Worn 6 mm 3.833 .939 1.51 60.401 .5 11 13 14. they are not generally suitable for pitch design since this may involve other factors.40 78.997 2.19 11.29 30.804 2.27 43. in this circumstance.5 16 19 22 26 29 32 35 38 42 45 48 52 54 58 60 64 67 71 74 77 80 83 87 90 96 103 109 115 122 128 135 141 148 154 Groove Radius Groove Radius Groove Radius Groove Radius New 3 inches .48 10.83 5.85 78.50 7.409 1.876 .28 21.160 .85 25.234 .0 9.279 1. .380 .139 2.75 19.22 74.918 2.82 42.736 .577 .73 32.129 .88 7.41 29.82 64.99 18.66 37.338 1.

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