Gents T-Shirts
PRODUCT CODE QUALITY AND STANDARDS MONTH AND YEAR OF PREPARATION PREPARED BY : 260313009 : IS 4375:1975 : May, 2003 : Small Industries Service Institute Opposite Okhla Industrial Estate, New Delhi-110020.

Garments are classified into woven and knitted wears. Woven fabrics are generally used for the manufacture of structured garments whereas knitted fabrics are generally used for the manufacture of informal/casual wears. Knitted garments are getting wider acceptance because of its easy care and cheapness. Among various types of knitwears, T-Shirts are considered as item of mass consumption and choice of modern society. T-Shirts with logo of embroidered design is considered as fashion wear. Sports person prefers to wear T-shirts while playing in the track and field because it provides comfort with sweat absorbency. This project report provides general information for setting up a unit for the manufacture of T-shirts of various sizes. The machinery involved in this report is proposed to be imported as well as sourced indigenously.

replaced other textile apparels because of their flexible design, durability and easy care properties. Due to its cheaper rates combined with durability, the demand for knitted dresses is increasing exponentially. Earlier this item was considered as casual wear but now this phenomenon has changed drastically and it is being considered as formal wear. It is presumed that marketing of T-shirts with better quality will not be a major threat to this industry.

This project is prepared on the following assumptions: Number of working days is considered at 300 working days in a year. The rental value indicated in the project is Rs. 20 per sq. mt. It may be less in small cities and backward area. Costs of machinery and equipment/ material indicated refer to a particular make and approximately to those prevailing at the time of preparation of this project and are likely to vary from supplier to supplier and place to place. Installation and electrification expenditure

Knitted shirts and other dresses are common consumer items and have

project report cost. Rs. Quality Control and Standards Generally these are made as per customer’s specification in respect of size.e. mt. Total covered area Rent (per month) 400 sq. design and fashion. 20% on office furniture and fixtures and 20% on other fixed assets. entrepreneurs are to contact State Pollution Control Board for necessary guidance.90. Depreciation has been taken at 10% on plant and machinery. care should be taken in each stage of production to maintain quality. Energy Conservation Maximum care should be taken while selecting the machinery and other electrical equipments so as to minimise the wastage of energy. mt. After washing. Stitched portions are overlocked on overlocking machines. however. Fixed Capital (i) Land and Building Building area Factory shed Store (Raw material) Office etc. trial production. Pollution Control Although not required. Interest rate on capital loan is taken as 14% per annum. Final inspection is done to check the measurement and packed as per the customer’s choice.50.) 1. 25 sq. mt.61. After sufficient length of fabric is knitted. Non-refundable deposits. The cloth after receiving is cut into desired shape and size and stitched to make T-shirts. Motive Power 29 H P of power is required for running this unit.50 G ENTS T-SHIRTS is taken @ 10% of cost of machinery and equipment. However. 9. These stitched garments are checked for any defects to remove them before sending to washing section. Production Capacity (per annum) Product Knitted T-Shirts Quantity (pcs) Amount (Rs. fabric is cut and taken out and sent to dyeing house for imparting required colour and finishing. mt.000 IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE Time period (in months) required for executing the project from preparation of project report to starting the trial run production will be of 6 months period approximately.000 . All gar ments are char ged into washing machine containg mild detergents and washed for 4 hours in order to remove dirt and stains acquired FINANCIAL ASPECTS A. TECHNICAL ASPECTS Process of Manufacture Raw material i. during the manufacturing process. 25 sq. the project implementation will take a total period of five months approximately for starting the actual production. Considering that some of the many activities may be overlapping and can be done at same time. they are dried in the tumbler dryer.000 1. security deposits with Electricity Board are considered under preoperative expenses. the garments are hydroextracted to remove excess water and after this. 450 sq. polyester/cotton yarn in cones are placed directly on the circular knitting machine for producing tubular fabric.

00.000 5.000 2. Helpers 1 40 3 6 4 Total 65. stools etc. 1.000 LS 1. Designation No.500 15.50. Flat lock stitch 4 machine (5 thread) with table and electric motor attachment 7. motors and accessories 8.100 25.78.400 Perquisites@ 20% 5.) 8000 7000 3500 2500 21000 1.) 1.000 (Rs. Clerks/Typist 3. Cutting Master 75.000 69. Polyester/cotton yarn dyed or bleached (Kgs) Qty. Store-keeper Nos.500 2.000 3.900 G.000 500 13.000 3.100 24.500 2.) Amount (In Rs. Potable steam press 3 9.000 22.250 7000 1.000 LS Total lock knitting machine 20G 17" dia 16 feeder with needles and accessories with electric motor attachment 3. No. 1 2 1 1 Total Rate (Rs. Description No. Rate (In Rs. Wooden frame. Skilled workers 3. 1. cutting tables.39.500 2.00.000 65.000 4.00.500 (Rs. Lock stitch (sewing 20 Machine) with table. Manager 2.31. Washing detergents LS 14.000 Rate/ Unit (Rs.000 7000 3.) 51 B. Semi-skilled workers 5. 10.) 16000 Total 16.) (a) Rent (b) Postage/Stationery (c) Repair and maintenance (d) Transport/travelling charges 9. Peon/Watchman Production Staff 1.) 8000 3500 3500 2500 Amount (Rs.842 1.50. Power operated inter. Cutting Machine (power-operated) 1 1.000 2.) 7.000 . Working Capital (per month) (i) Staff and Labour Wages Sl. Pressing man 4.000 2. 4 thread overlock 8 machine with electric motor and accessories 6.4 lock knitting machine 14G 15" dia 14 feeder with needles and accessories with electric motor attachment 4.000 5.4 lock knitting machine 24G 30" dia 24 feeder with needles and accessories with electric motor attachment 2. Cotton Sewing thread LS 23.000 14.000 2.500 39.100 (iii) Utilities (per month) Electricity.000 LS Total 2.500 8.000 100. pressing boards.06. Power operated inter. Power operated inter.000 74.000 7.96.000 65.60.) 150 Amount (Rs.000 9. Trims and embellishments (including collar) 4.000 1.G ENTS T-SHIRTS (ii) Machinery and Equipments Sl. Description No.17.000 6.00. Workshop accessories 70.40.000 20.000 20.000 2. Water charges (iii) Other Fixed Assets (a) Erection and installation (b) Office furniture (c) Pre-operative expenses Total Total Fixed Capital (iv) Other Contingent Expenses (per month) (Rs.000 1. 5.Total (ii) Raw Material (per month) 24000 96000 Sl.

T.07. Industrial Machines Pvt.) 1.) 85 Total (3) Net Profit (per year) (4) Net Profit Ratio (Net profit/ Turnover per year) (5) Rate of Return on Investment (Net Profit/Total Capital Investment) (6) Break-even Point Fixed Cost Rent Depreciation Interest on capital investment (Rs. 1/23 B. Vardhman Threads. Kolkata. 24. Chowringhee Road. Near Bellaandur Gate.05. Industrial Sewing Systems 30 Ramakrishna Street.52 G ENTS T-SHIRTS (e) Insurance (f) Telephone (g) Miscellaneous expenses Total (v) Total Recurring Expenses (per month) (vi) Total Working Capital for 3 months 700 2.65. 2. M/s.825 = = Total Rs.08. Rohan Road. Powerloom Cloth Manufacturing Centre Erode.771 C. 5.03. Apparel and Leather Techniques Pvt. Madhopur Kucha No.000 Rate (Rs. 33.95.100 8.44.50. M/s. Fixed Cost 40% of wages of staff and labour 40% of other expenses Insurance Total = FC × 100 ————— FC+profit 2365771 × 100 ————————— 2365771+1744091 57% (Rs.909 1.642 8. T-Shirts 1.091 10.000 30. 3. Chandigarh Road. 57.825 B.16. Vijay Sewing (P) Ltd.925 MACHINERY UTILISATION Capacity utilisation is considered in this project as 75% of installed capacity. Sarjapur Road. Total Capital Investment (i) Machinery and equipment (ii) Working capital for 3 months Rs.66. Asaf Ali Road. 46-C.P. .400 23. Bangalore-560035.100 Rs. Mahavir Spinning Mills Ltd. Addresses of Machinery Equipment Suppliers and FINANCIAL ANALYSIS (1) Cost of Production (per year) Recurring expenses Depreciation on machinery @ 10% Depreciation on office furniture and equipment @20% Interest on total investment @14% Total (2) Turnover (per year) Pcs. Paras Special Machine Co.000 Rs.509 Amount (Rs.E.942 Rs.61. 2. Everest House.100 29. Surat etc. Bhiwandi.) 1.50.042 Rs.07.44.509 1. 17. 11. Nagar. Chennai.90.34.17. M/s. M/s.49. Ltd.000 8. M/s.50. Kaikondanahalli. Ltd. M/s. 7.000 3. Ludhiana. North Usman Road.) 1.61. New Delhi-110002 4. 33.000 1.000 97. Mumbai.70% 30% (Rs.300 1. Addresses of Raw Material Suppliers 1. 17-D.) 11. M/s. Ludhiana.

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