GEMS.gemcomsoftware. Gemcom Software International Inc. the Gemcom logo. Gemcom publishes this documentation for the sole use of Gemcom licensees. Gemcom. Surpac. Contributors Staff of Gemcom Software. we assume no responsibility for errors or omissions. or its wholly-owned subsidiaries. or transmit any part of the documentation. and Whittle. Without written permission you may not sell. For such permission. (Gemcom).Copyright 2008 Gemcom Software International Inc. Minex. Gemcom InSite and PCBC are trademarks of Gemcom Software International Inc. Changes may be made in products or services at any time without notice. Neither is any liability assumed for damage resulting from the use of the information contained herein. reproduce. except where expressly provided otherwise. combinations thereof. North America with additions by James Willoughby Product Gemcom Whittle . This software and documentation is proprietary to Gemcom and. store in a retrieval system. does not form part of any contract. or to obtain extra copies please contact your local Gemcom office or visit www.com. While every precaution has been taken in the preparation of this manual.

.............................................................13 Schedule Graph nodes ..................................................................14 Bench Schedule node ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................11 Pit by Pit Graph node ............................................................................Table of Contents Getting Started ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5 Basic Slope Set ................................. 4 Running a Whittle Project and Examining Nodes ................................................15 Conclusion ............................................. 8 Operational Scenario node ................................................................................................................................................................................... 7 Basic Data for Pit Shell Generation node .......................................17 Page 3 of 17 ...................................................

Each level of the tree contributes input to the design of the pit. Expand the project tree in the left panel by hitting the + button. Page 4 of 17 . modify parameters of the project and to produce outputs. we recommend our training program to achieve maximum results from this powerful tool.Getting Started Welcome to Gemcom Whittle! When you are ready to experience the full strength of Whittle. We are confident you will understand why Whittle is the world's most popular and effective pit optimization and analysis solution for open cut mines. 1. this document provides a very basic tutorial. when prompted. 2. You will be able to run a full open-pit optimization on a sample set of data.fxp. The Description tab explains the objectives of each node. Marvin1. To get you started. You will have the opportunity to examine initial results. For each level (or node) examine the Description tab on the right side of the screen. 3. open the sample project. After Whittle is installed. giving you an overview of Whittle’s capabilities.

2. the NPV results for each pit are displayed in the form of lines (the NPV for the best case is shown in blue. a. Report. Click the + button to expand nodes on the left side of the screen. examine the contents of each node. You have already done this by selecting the Run All command.. the worst is the red line... An icon appears beside each node to show whether Whittle has finished processing that node.. The Node menu is at the top of your screen. Page 5 of 17 . After the run is complete. The Graph tab becomes available after you have 'run' the node. and. The displayed graph shows the tonnages of ore and waste (the coloured yellow and gray bars respectively) In addition. b. a. To see this graph click on the Pit by Pit Graph node of on the left side of the screen. This icon. in the pane on the right. 1. and Messages tabs.Running a Whittle Project and Examining Nodes Running a Whittle Project and Examining Nodes Try doing a complete run of the project. while a specific case based on a defined pushback sequence is shown in green). has completed processing up to this node. Please note that this may take about 5 minutes to finish running. On the right side you can find the results for each node by hitting the Output. Select the Node > Run All command. select the tab Graph. shows that the system. Specifically examine the graph of the outputted net present value (NPV) values and ore/waste tonnages from multiple pit shells. 3. is currently processing this node.

The tonnages and NPVs shown on the graph are each for a specific pit shell (each pit shell is identified by a unique revenue factor). click OK. When finished examining the graph. Marvin Copper and Marvin block model. 4. Click on the two most upper nodes in the project. These two nodes describe the project and the block model in use.Running a Whittle Project and Examining Nodes b. You should not change these nodes when working in this tutorial. Hit the Display graph detail button (the magnifying glass) to get a more detailed look at these results. NPV and tonnages are measured in the Y axis. c. Page 6 of 17 . The X axis shows the pit number. The results that you see on the graph are explained in more detail on the Description tab of the Pit by Pit Graph node.

3. 6. Slope 38. In the Slope Regions section. change the slope profile from Default to Profile1. and Bearing 270. Bearing 0. Click Accept in the lower part of the screen. click the Run to the selected node from the trunk button. a. 5. 4. Select the Basic Slope Set node. Slope 46.Basic Slope Set Basic Slope Set 1. d. Click Add to add another bearing and slope: Bearing 90. 2. Slope 42. c. Notice that the ticks underneath Basic Slope Set disappear. Slope 41. Add two more rows: Bearing 180. Page 7 of 17 . Click the Add Profile button. Enter in the following information for the new "Profile 1". With Basic Slope Set selected. Click the Profiles tab. b.

00. change the processing recovery of Cu from 0.10 c. Click Accept. a. Both the price and the selling cost of your elements are specified on the Selling tab. Under ‘MILL PM’. 4. Try changing the following. Change the Reference Mining Cost from 0. b. 3. The mining cost is defined as the cost of mining one tonne of material.05 b. d.8. Still under ‘Mill PM’. Click Accept.9 to 1. The next task is to change some of the inputs to get different pit shells. Change the Cu price from 0. dilution factor and you could input varying cost adjustment factors (CAF) depending on the rock type. Change the cost of Cu from 0 to 0. Click Accept.88 to 0. b. Change the mining cost: a. a. Page 8 of 17 . Revenue factors. change the processing cost of Au from 0 to 0. c. Try adding an elemental cost to the ‘MILL PM’ process for both gold and copper. Select the Basic data for pit shell generation node.2.Basic Data for Pit Shell Generation node Basic Data for Pit Shell Generation node The initial pit design constraints of mining. Note that at this stage you could also change the mining recovery.00. Click the Mining tab.907 to 1. are also entered in at this level. which are used to define pit shells. Change the Au price from 12. 1. click Yes. processing and selling costs are set on the Basic data for pit shell generation node. d. The cost of processing specific rocks or elements (such as Au) is entered on the Processing tab. The processing recovery is also specified here. 2. c.00 to 13. When you see the prompt to copy the changes to child scenario nodes.

6.Basic Data for Pit Shell Generation node 5. Try running all of the changes you’ve made by right-clicking on the Basic data for pit shell generation node on the left panel and select Run To. and click OK. a. Try altering the revenue factors to get fewer nested pit shells (in the original run. To change the revenue factors. When the model file is loaded. change the step size from 0. Page 9 of 17 . When the run is complete. leave all of the options selected and click OK. b. Pit shells are created for each revenue factor that you have entered in the Output area.5 to 0. To see the outlines of the different pits select the Show Pit option. To get an idea how these pits will look in 3D.9 using 41 fixed factors”). 7. a. and click the Start Three-D viewer button. (Now a pit will be produced for 27 revenue factors instead of 41).015. Click Accept. examine the Output tab. 54 pits would have been produced). the three-d viewer will open up. The Optimization tab is used to produce nested pit shells. c. 8. highlight the Basic data for pit shell generation node. b. Click Edit. highlight the first set of fixed factors (“0. In the popup menu. In the Select data to display form that pops up.01 to 0. The tonnages and the ore/waste distributions for each revenue factor (each pit) are displayed in the table.

e. click the Close button. Click Invert to show the 3D pit with a white background. use the up and down arrows under Show Pit. d.Basic Data for Pit Shell Generation node c. Page 10 of 17 . click on the pit. To look at all the various pits. f. hold down the mouse button and drag. When you are finished viewing. To change your viewing perspective. instead of a black background.

Change the Processing Method Limit for the ‘Mill’ process to 25. Page 11 of 17 . Click Add and enter a cost of $1. You also specify capital costs. Click Accept. and mining and processing limits. On the Limits tab you can change the mining and processing limits over the life of the mine. Change the discount rate of the project to 4%. On the Mining tab. you can alter the initial capital cost and the discount rate for the project. 2. c. a. 1. Select the Operational scenario node.000. at this stage. c. change the mining cost for different periods of production.000. b.10 starting in year 7 (in this project. Click OK. a. Any changes that you need to account for over the life of mine are indicated in this node. Change the Initial Capital Cost to $300.Operational Scenario node Operational Scenario node The Operational Scenario node allows you to perform scheduling for the mining of an open pit. Try doing this by clicking the Period variation button (the clock) on the right side of the Reference Mining Cost. a.000. b. 3. 4. Using the Time Costs tab.000. year 7 is equivalent to period 7).

Use the Run To command to calculate the results from these changes. Page 12 of 17 . Click Accept 5.Operational Scenario node b.

c. These schedules can also be entered in automatically or semiautomatically. d. such as net present value (NPV) and internal rate of return (IRR). 2. you can enter a pushback schedule. In the existing profile the pushback schedule has been entered manually. On the Schedule tab. worst and specified (for the defined pushback sequence) cases. Page 13 of 17 . In the Specified Case Pushback Definitions section.Pit by Pit Graph node Pit by Pit Graph node The Pit by Pit Graph node allows you to find economic factors. The Summary tab outputs the NPV. You can also specify the scheduling of mining the pit at this level (by introducing pushbacks). Try changing the current pushback sequence: a. After the run is complete (this may take several minutes) examine the Output. the life of mine (LOM) and other key indicators for each pit design. for each of the nested pit shells that were produced in the upper nodes. Advanced algorithms can also be applied in order to optimize for different areas of interest. Graph and Summary tabs to find the results for best. Select the Pit by Pit Graph node. Click Accept. 1. b. Click the Run To button. Now Whittle will automatically generate six pushbacks at logical stages. the IRR. change the schedule to Auto and enter 6 as the Number of Pushbacks.

you can choose whether to examine the best. or a specified case for your pit design. You can enter the final pit for your design and can choose to make graphs of various factors for analyses. examine the contents of the Output. These tabs detail the cash flow and tonnages on a yearly basis for the mine. Use the Run To command. IRR and life of the mine. After the run is complete. Page 14 of 17 . 3. 4. 6. You can also enter a pushback schedule and a final pit. 5. For this example. in addition to the overall NPV. Try repeating these steps for a different pushback sequence. Select the Schedule tab.Schedule Graph nodes Schedule Graph nodes The 'Schedule Graphs' nodes (for example Push backs: 11 12 14 16 20 25 31) allow you to further investigate the designs of pits based on a specified pushback schedule. 1. On the Schedule tab. Click Accept. Graph and Summary tabs. 2. change the Specified Case Pushback Definition from Manual to Auto. and enter 6 as the Number of Pushbacks. worst.

In the popup choose to select all items. 1. Tonnage of <rock-type> mined. 3. Currently the output would show the total tonnage and the amount of waste mined on each bench.Bench Schedule node Bench Schedule node The last level of interest to be examined in this brief introduction is the Bench Schedule node. However it does not display how many tonnes of each rock type are mined. 5. Click OK again. This node allows you to examine the results of your design on a bench-by-bench basis. Select the Bench Schedule node and the Definition tab. 4. Next move the three rock types up in the Values to display in output list by highlighting them and clicking the Up button. Page 15 of 17 . In this tab you can specify exactly what information you want to see in the output. The Definition tab is the only item that you can change. and click Add to selection list. To also output these tonnages. and then click OK. 2. click Add. Rock. In the popup menu select Material Mined. 6.

9. 7. 8. Use the Run To command to return the output for this node. The newly populated columns appear in the table.Bench Schedule node The three new values (Tonnage of MX mined. Accept the changes. and Tonnage of PM mined) should appear below Total tonnage mined as seen in the following image. Tonnage of OX mined. Page 16 of 17 . After the run is complete. examine the Output tab.

click the Run all nodes button and examine the results. for purchasing enquiries. For each scenario. In addition you might even consider a reblocked block model. Page 17 of 17 . please contact our sales and customer service team. These nodes represent additional scenarios for the block model. you can use different parameters. We hope that you found this basic introduction to Whittle informative.com/ in the 'Contact Us' section.Conclusion Conclusion After completing this tutorial. or to register for an upcoming training program. To run the other nodes. Gemcom invites you to understand why Whittle is the world’s most trusted strategic mine planning software used to determine and optimize the economics of open pit mining projects. The additional nodes in this project involve more advanced Whittle modules. such as stockpiling options and pushback sequencing using the Milawa algorithm. To further inquire about the functionality of Whittle.fxp” sample project there are additional nodes that you have not yet run. You can find our most up-to-date contact details at http://www. you have performed a preliminary open-pit optimization. In the” Marvin1.gemcomsoftware.

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