You are on page 1of 147

AIRBUS 320/21

ROUTE MANUAL

This ROUTE MANUAL is published by Vietnam Airlines Flight Crew Division 919 under the authorisation of the Vietnam Airlines, Vice President Operations. Any questions with respect to the use of this manual or information contained herein should be addressed to: Flight Crew Division 919 1 Hong Ha Street, Ward 2, Tan Binh District HO CHI MINH CITY VIETNAM Fax: +84 8 8486048 Ph: +84 8 8456625

LOD/P 1
LIST OF DISTRIBUTIONS
Rev 01 07/12/2011

LIST OF DISTRIBUTIONS

STT NO 1. 2.

ĐƠN VỊ / CÁ NHÂN SỬ DỤNG USERS Operational Control Centre Flight Crew Division 919

SỐ LƯỢNG QUANTITY 01 07

GHI CHÚ REMARK

LONR/P 1
LIST OF NORMAL REVISIONS
Rev 01 07/12/2011

18/09/2008

LOEP/P 1

LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES

Rev 01 25/10/2011

LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES
Sect. LONR Page 01 Rev 01 Issued Date 07/12/2011 Effective Date 01/01/2012

LOEP

01-02

01

07/12/2011

01/01/2012

LOD

01

01

07/12/2008

01/01/2012

TOC

01

00

01/08/2008

18/09/2008

1

01-03

00

01/08/2008

18/09/2008

2

01

00

01/08/2008

18/09/2008

2

02

01

07/12/2011

01/01/2012

2

03-04

00

01/08/2008

18/09/2008

3

01-11

00

01/08/2008

18/09/2008

3

12-13

01

07/12/2011

01/01/2012

4

01-02

00

01/08/2008

18/09/2008

LOEP/P 2

LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES

Rev 01 25/10/2011

LIST OF EFFECTIVE PAGES
Sect. 4 Page 03-05 Rev 01 Issued Date 07/12/2011 Effective Date 01/01/2012

5

01-06

00

01/08/2008

18/09/2008

6

01-108

01

25/10/2011

01/01/2012

7

01

01

07/12/2011

01/01/2012

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

TOC/P 1
Rev 00 01/08/2008

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CONTENTS
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. INTRODUCTIONS ………………………………………………1/P1 PRE-FLIGHT …………………………….………………………2/P1 AIR TRAFFIC SERVICES ………………………………………3/P1 COMMUNICATIONS …………...………………………………4/P1 METEOROLOGY ……………………………..…………………5/P1 AIRPORT AND ROUTE BRIEFING ……………………………6/P1 ALTERNATE DATA ………………………….…………………7/P1

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

1/P 1
Rev 00 01/08/2008

INTRODUCTION

CONTENT

1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5

Aim of the Route Manual......................................................................... Precedence of the Route Manual............................................................... Route information and feedback............................................................... ICAO and State differences – Use of Jeppesen Airway Manual............... Air Route Clearances.................................................................................

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

1/P 2
Rev 00 01/08/2008

INTRODUCTION

1.1

AIM OF THE ROUTE MANUAL

The data collated in this manual is largely of an informative and practical nature and is designed to be used as an in -flight guide during the day to day operations (including emergency and abnormal situations) of the company’s aircraft. 1.2 PRECEDENCE OF THE ROUTE MANUAL

While every effort is made to keep this manual current, where a difference exists between the information contained in this manual and other sources e.g. FOM, AOM/FCOM, Jeppesen Airway Manual, NOTAMS, Supplementary Procedures, etc.) then, these sources will take precedence over this manual. The company complies with paragraph (b) of Jeppesen Airway Manual (ATC, Entry Requirements, etc) section with individual State listings) by including relevant information from individual State Aeronautical Information Publications (AIP) in this route manual; by pro vision of pre-flight aeronautical information; NOTAM information; and, operational notices, etc. The final decision in all matters relating to the safe conduct of every flight rests solely with the pilot in command. It is his/her responsibility to utilize all available resources at his/her disposal when faced with any emergency or abnormal situation. This manual is intended to be one such resource 1.4 ROUTE INFORMATION AND FEEDBACK

Suggestions for improving the contents of this document are always welcomed. Subtle changes to air traffic clearances, weather reporting procedures, preferred alternates etc. are not always provided in a timely manner. The “Captain’s Report” is the prime means of reporting operational problems. This form will facilitate appropriate corrective action for those items of a more general nature

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

1/P 3
Rev 00 01/08/2008

INTRODUCTION

and it can also be used to provide appropriate amendment action to the route manual. 1.5 ICAO AND STATE DIFFERENCES – USE OF JEPPESEN AIRWAY MANUAL

It is imperative that crew check the ICAO State differences section of the Jeppesen Airway Manual for differences from standard ICAO procedures according to each state. Note that if a particular state is not listed in the Jeppesen Airway Manual, then there are no differences for that state.

1.6

AIR ROUTE CLEARANCES

For all flights, the company will ensure that all necessary diplomatic and air service rights clearances have been obtained. This will include clearances through foreign civil and military airspace or ADIZ’s. Delays may affect the validity of these clearances as the State authority may specify an earliest and latest time for individual flights. In the event of any delay, it will be the responsibility of the company to ensure approvals are valid. Lists of air routes, services, destinations and alternate airports for which Vietnam Airlines has approval to operate to or through, are maintained by Flight Operations Department and are available upon request.

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

2/P 1
Rev 00 01/08/2008

PRE-FLIGHT CONTENT

2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4

Flight folder .............................................................................................. Alternate airports ...................................................................................... Unscheduled diversions and/or delayed operations ................................. Crew requirements ...................................................................................

2.4.1 General declaration.................................................................................. 2.4.2 Passports/visas.......................................................................................... 2.4.3 Customs, immigration and quarantine (CIQ)...................................

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

2/P 2
Rev 01 07/12/2011

PRE-FLIGHT 2.1 FLIGHT FOLDER

A special Flight Plan folder is to be used for delivery of all flight plans, NOTAMs and meteorological information, etc. For flights departing from Hanoi and HoChiMinh city, flight dispatch staff will provide this information to the crew. At overseas airports, either a ground handling agent or company representative will provide the folder to the crew. The flight plan folder will contain the following information:  Meteorological information for the route(s) to be flown, departure, destination, en-route alternate and destination alternate airports.  NOTAM information for the route(s) to be flown, departure, destination, en-route alternate and destination alternate airports.  Computer flight plan (CFP). After each sector, the completed CFP along with all documentation pertinent to the flight is to be placed in the envelope pouch for return to operations upon arrival in Vietnam. 2.2 ALTERNATE AIRPORTS State requirements will be observed with respect to the carriage of suitable alternates. Alternate airports must meet the requirements as laid down in the individual aircraft AOM/FCOM and the company FOM. Airports which have been approved by both the company and the CAAV as suitable alternates are listed for each airport which Vietnam airlines may operate to. Airports listed are provided as a guide to the pilot in command in deciding a suitable alternate airport. Crews must be mindful of the hours of operation of ATS units and any restricted periods of operations at alternate airports when assessing their suitability.

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

2/P 3
Rev 00 01/08/2008

PRE-FLIGHT

2.3 UNSCHEDULED DIVERSIONS AND/OR DELAYED OPERATIONS Any time an unscheduled diversion occurs, it is vital that the captain ensures the following actions are taken as soon as possible:  A message advising of the diversion and ETA is to be passed to the destination station and via them to Operation department of Vietnam Airlines.  On arrival at the alternate, the captain should make contact, either personally or through the ground handling agent with operations who will then take over all the co- ordination of the operation from that time forward. With the large number of variables involved the most obvious alternate may not be suitable due to airport congestion, lack of facilities affecting refueling and turnaround times, Customs, Immigration and Quarantine (CIQ) clearance delays and/or retrieval options. These factors can take some considerable time to resolve so maximum notice is required. (This does not apply to diversions required under ETOPS or other diversion involving emergency operations). This liaison with operations will also apply when aircraft unserviceable becomes apparent. The possible non-availability of technical support at remote ports should be considered when deciding on the most appropriate course of action.

2.4 2.4.1

CREW REQUIREMENTS General Declaration

The General Declaration is the instrument of authorization under which crews physically enter and leave countries without the requirement of obtaining visas. It is therefore essential that these be completed correctly. The General Declaration should be checked and if required, signed by the pilot in command of the flight. 2.4.2 Passports/Visas

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

2/P 4
Rev 00 01/08/2008

PRE-FLIGHT

All crew members shall be in possession of a valid passport and visa, if required. 2.4.3 Customs, Immigration and Quarantine (CIQ)

All crew members are required to proceed through Customs and Immigration facilities at all international airports. Failure to comply with this requirement may lead to severe penalties being imposed by statutory authorities on the company and/or the individual. All crew members are reminded that custom requirement for aircrew is normally more restrictive than that for regular passengers.

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

3/P 1
Rev 00 01/08/2008

AIR TRAFFIC SERVICES CONTENT

3.1 3.1.1 3.1.2 3.1.3 3.1.4 3.1.5 3.1.6 3.2 3.2.1 3.2.2

General ...................................................................................................... Restricted airspace/Tracking restrictions……………………………… Speed restrictions/ATC radar capabilities………………………………. ICAO separation standards……………………………………………… Mach Number Technique……………………………………………… Allowable tolerances for flight through ADIZs –Asia Pacific area…… Holding Procedures…………………………………………………… Special procedures for in-flight contingencies……….............................. General procedures…………………………………………………… Special procedures for Rapid descent, Turn-back or Diversion to Alternate airport due to aircraft system malfunction or other contingencies……………………………………………………

3.2.2.1 Initial action………………………………………………………… 3.2.2.2 Subsequent actions………………………………………………….. 3.2.3 Weather deviation procedures for Oceanic-controlled airspace…………

3.2.3.1 General……………………………………………………………… 3.2.3.2 Obtaining priority from ATC when weather deviation is required…………………………………………………

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

3/P 2
Rev 00 01/08/2008

AIR TRAFFIC SERVICES

3.2.3.3 Actions in case controller-pilot communications are established………………………………………………………. 3.2.3.4 Actions in case revised air traffic control clearance cannot be obtained………………………………………………….. 3.3 3.3.1 3.3.2 Noise abatement procedures………………………………………… General………………………………………………………………… Noise Abatement Procedures at Take-off……………………………….. 3.3.2.1 3.3.2.2 NADP1…………………………………………………… NADP2……………………………………………………

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

3/P 3
Rev 00 01/08/2008

AIR TRAFFIC SERVICES

3.1 3.1.1

GENERAL Restricted airspace/Tracking restrictions

Computer flight plans will normally be planned via routes which avoid active restricted areas. Flight crews must, however cross check that the proposed computer plan complies with any route tracking restrictions indicated on the Jeppesen charts. When within radar coverage, track shortening may become available depending on traffic and any airspace restrictions. Prior to departure, check NOTAMs for restricted areas that may be activated on a non-continuous basis. 3.1.2 Speed restrictions/ATC radar capabilities

When operating within controlled airspace , aircraft must observe speed limitations. Refer to Jeppesen charts, STARs and SIDs for individual requirements. It is essential that crews comply with individual State requirements. Most countries radar installations have both ground speed and altitude encoding capabilities. Any infringement detected in speed restrictions or altitude assignments or restrictions may incur a penalty. 3.1.3 ICAO separation standards

For aircraft equipped with approved RNAV equipment, in other than Oceanic Control Areas (OCA), the minimum longitudinal separation will be 30nm. In Oceanic Control Areas, longitudinal separation will either be 10 minutes using Mach Number technique, otherwise 15 or 20 minutes. Lateral separation is 50nm either side of track. 3.1.4 Mach Number Technique

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

3/P 4
Rev 00 01/08/2008

AIR TRAFFIC SERVICES

This technique is used by ATC to maintain adequate longitudinal separation between successive aircraft at, or climbing or descending to, the same level, by requiring aircraft flying along the same route to maintain specific true Mach numbers. Unless otherwise advised by the pilot, ATC will assume that the last assigned true Mach number will be maintained both in cruise and in any cleared stepclimbs or step-descents made in the course of the flight. ATC will assign a Mach number that is to be maintained and will form part of the ATC clearance. The tolerance for application of Mach number technique is M ± 0.01 hence Mach number must be read back to two decimal places. If it is necessary to make an immediate temporary change in Mach number (eg. due to turbulence), the appropriate ATC unit should be notified as soon as possible. When required by the appropriate ATC unit, the current true Mach number should be included in routine position reports. The Air Traffic Control section of the Jeppesen Airway Manual contains specific information regarding the application of Mach number techniques. 3.1.5 Allowable tolerances for flight through ADIZs –Asia Pacific area

Time: five (5) minutes from the estimate over a reporting point or ADIZ entry point. Note that ATC requirements for advice of a revised estimate of more than 2 minutes is more restrictive. 3.1.6 Holding Procedures

The standard time for ICAO holding patterns is 01 minute at or below 14000ft or FL140 and 1.5 minutes above, unless specified otherwise. Carefully check individual State requirement and Jeppesen Airway Manual to confirm whether pattern timing is inbound or outbound. Timing on the outbound leg commences at the latter of wings level or abeam the holding fix. The new holding procedures are designed according to the ICAO Doc8186, Edition IV. The old holding procedures are designed according to the ICAO

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

3/P 5
Rev 00 01/08/2008

AIR TRAFFIC SERVICES

Doc8186, Edition II. The holding procedures in US are designed according to the FAA regulation. Table 3-1 - Holding Speeds - ICAO Doc 8168, Edition IV
ALTITUDE Up to 14000ft inclusive 14000 ft - 20000 ft inclusive 20000 ft - 34000 ft inclusive Above 34000 ft NORMAL (KIAS) 230 240 265 M0.83 TURBULENCE (KIAS) 280* 280 / M0.80 280 / M0.80 M0.83

NOTE: The speed of 280KIAS and/or M.80 reserved for turbulence conditions shall be used for holding only after prior clearance with ATC, unless the relevant publication indicates that the holding area can accommodate aircraft flying at these high holding speeds. Table 3-2 - Holding Speeds - ICAO Doc 8168, Edition II
ALTITUDE NORMAL (KIAS) TURBULENCE (KIAS

Up to 6,000ft inclusive 6,000 - 14,000 ft inclusive Above 14,000 ft

210 220 240

280 / M0.80 280 / M0.80 280 / M0.80

NOTE: The speed of 280KIAS and/or M.80 reserved for turbulence conditions shall be used for holding only after prior clearance with ATC, unless the relevant publication indicates that the holding area can accommodate aircraft flying at these high holding speeds. Table 3-3 - Holding Speeds - US FAA Regulations

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

3/P 6
Rev 00 01/08/2008

AIR TRAFFIC SERVICES
ALTITUDE SPEED (KIAS)

Up to 6,000ft inclusive 6,000 - 14,000 ft inclusive Above 14,000 ft

200 max 230 max 265 max

NOTE: If any increase in airspeed is necessary due to turbulence, icing, etc., or if unable to accomplish any part of the holding procedures advise ATC immediately. Civil aircraft holding at military or joint civil/military use airports should expect to operate at a maximum holding pattern airspeed of 230 KIAS, except where published, 210 KIAS. Aircraft with an operational requirement to hold at airspeeds in excess of those published above must advise air traffic control of your operational requirements prior to entering the holding pattern.

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

3/P 7
Rev 00 01/08/2008

AIR TRAFFIC SERVICES 3.2 3.2.1

SPECIAL PROCEDURES FOR IN-FLIGHT CONTINGENCIES. General procedures

A. The following general procedures apply to both subsonic and supersonic aircraft and are intended for guidance only. Although all possible contingencies cannot be covered, they provide for cases of inability to maintain assigned level due to weather, aircraft performance, pressurization failure and problems associated with high -level supersonic flight. They are applicable primarily when rapid descent and/or turn-back or diversion to an alternate airport are required. The pilot’s judgment shall determine the sequence of actions taken, taking into account specific circumstances. B. If an aircraft is unable to continue flight in accordance with its air traffic control clearance, a revised clearance shall, whenever possible, be obtained prior to initiating any action, using a distress or urgency signal, as appropriate. C. If prior clearance cannot be obtained, an ATC clearance shall be obtained at the earliest possible time and, until a revised clearance is received, the pilot shall: - If possible, deviate away from an organized track or route system. - Establish communications with and alert nearby aircraft by broadcasting, at suitable intervals: flight identification, flight level, aircraft position, (including the ATS route designator or the track code) and intentions on the frequency in use, as well as on frequency 121.5 MHz (or, as a back-up, the VHF inter-pilot air-to-air frequency 123.45 Mhz) - Watch for conflicting traffic both visually and by reference to TCAS. - Turn on all aircraft exterior lights (commensurate with appropriate operating limitations). 3.2.2 Special procedures for Rapid descent, Turn-back or Diversion to Alternate airport due to aircraft system malfunction or other contingencies

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

3/P 8
Rev 00 01/08/2008

AIR TRAFFIC SERVICES 3.2.2.1 Initial action

If unable to comply with the provisions of paragraph 3.2.1.B, to obtain a revised ATC clearance, the aircraft should leave its assigned route or track by turning 90 degrees right or left whenever this is possible. The direction of the turn should be determined by the position of the aircraft relative to any organized route or track system, e.g. whether the aircraft is outside, at the edge of or within the system. Other factors to consider are terrain clearance and the levels allocated to adjacent routes or tracks. 3.2.2.2 Subsequent actions A. If aircraft able to maintain the assigned level

An aircraft able to maintain its assigned level should acquire and maintain in either direction a track laterally separated by 25nm from its assigned route or track and once established on the offset track, climb or descend 500ft (150m). B. If aircraft unable to maintain the assigned level

An aircraft NOT able to maintain its assigned level should, whenever possible, minimize its rate of descent while turning to acquire and maintain in either direction a track laterally separated by 25nm from its assigned route or track. For subsequent level flight, a level should be selected which differs by 500ft (150m) from those normally used until new assigned level received from ATC. 3.2.3 Weather deviation procedures for Oceanic-controlled airspace

3.2.3.1 General The following procedures are intended to provide guidance. All possible circumstances cannot be covered. The pilot’s judgment shall ultimately determine the sequence of actions taken and ATC shall render all possible assistance.

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

3/P 9
Rev 00 01/08/2008

AIR TRAFFIC SERVICES

If the aircraft is required to deviate from track to avoid weather and prior clearance cannot be obtained, an air traffic control clearance shall be obtained at the earliest possible time. In the meantime, the aircraft shall follow the procedures detailed in paragraph 3.2.3.4, below. The pilot shall advise ATC when weather deviation is no longer required, or when a weather deviation has been completed and the aircraft has returned to the centre line of its cleared route. 3.2.3.2 Obtaining priority from ATC when weather deviation is required When the pilot initiates communications with ATC, rapid response may be obtained by stating “WEATHER DEVIATION REQUIRED” to indicate that priority is desired on the frequency and for ATC response. The pilot still retains the option of initiating the communications using the urgency call “PAN PAN” (preferably spoken 3 times) to alert all listening parties to a special handling condition which will receive ATC priority for issuance of a clearance or assistance. 3.2.3.3 Actions in case controller-pilot communications are established A. The pilot notifies ATC and requests clearance to deviate from track, advising, when possible, the extent of the deviation expected. B. ATC takes one of the following actions:

- If there is no conflicting traffic in the horizontal dimension, ATC will issue clearance to deviate from track; or - If there is conflicting traffic in the horizontal dimension, ATC separates aircraft by establishing vertical separation; or - If there is conflicting traffic in the horizontal dimension and ATC is unable to establish vertical separation, ATC shall: + Advise the pilot unable to issue clearance for requested deviation. + Advise pilot of conflicting traffic

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

3/P 10
Rev 00 01/08/2008

AIR TRAFFIC SERVICES + Request pilot’s intentions

SAMPLE PHRASEOLOGY: “Unable (requested deviation), traffic is (call sign, position, altitude, direction), advise intentions.” C. The pilot will take the following actions:

- Advise ATC of intentions by the most expeditious means available. - Comply with air traffic control clearance issued - Or execute the procedures detailed in paragraph 3.2.3.4 below. (ATC will issue essential traffic information to all affected aircraft). 3.2.3.4 Actions in case revised ATC clearance cannot be obtained The pilot shall take the actions listed below under the provision that the pilot may deviate from rules of the air (e.g., the requirement to operate on route or track centre line unless otherwise directed by ATC), when it is absolutely necessary in the interests of safety to do so. The pilot shall take the following actions: - If possible, deviate away from an organized track or route system. - Establish communication with and alert nearby aircraft by broadcasting, at suitable intervals: flight identification, flight level, aircraft position (including the ATS route designator or the track code) and intentions (including the magnitude of the deviation expected) on the frequency in use, as well as on frequency 121.5MHz (or, as a back-up, the VHF inter-pilot air-to-air frequency 123.45MHz). - Watch for conflicting traffic both visually and by reference to TCAS. - Turn on all aircraft exterior lights (commensurate with appropriate operating limitations). For deviations of less than 10nm, aircraft should remain at the level assigned by ATC; For deviations of greater than 10nm, when the aircraft is approximately 10nm from track, initiate a level change based on the following criteria:

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

3/P 11
Rev 00 01/08/2008

AIR TRAFFIC SERVICES
Route centerline track EAST (000°-179° Magnetic) WEST (180°-359° Magnetic) Deviations > 10nms LEFT RIGHT LEFT RIGHT

Level Change DESCEND 300ft CLIMB 300ft CLIMB 300ft DESCEND 300ft

If contact was not established prior to deviating, continue to attempt to contact ATC to obtain a clearance. If contact was established, continue to keep ATC advised of intentions and obtain essential traffic information. When returning to track, be at its assigned flight level, when the aircraft is within approximately 10nm of centre line. 3.3 3.3.1 NOISE ABATEMENT PROCEDURES General

Vietnam Airlines operates to and from many airports which have noise abatement procedures. These procedures are primarily designed to reduce the effect of noise from both departing and arriving aircraft on the populated land area adjacent to the airport. Noise abatement procedures are NOT applied in the event of a go-around. These procedures can be:  Lateral tracking requirements  Height and speed restrictions  The application of ICAO noise abatement procedures NADP1/2  Preferred runway usage  Restrictive use of reverse thrust  A combination of any of the above CAUTION: Noise abatement procedures if applicable, should be used during normal operations. However, in the event of an emergency or abnormal

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

3/P 12
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIR TRAFFIC SERVICES

situation, noise abatement procedures are to be discontinued and the emergency or abnormal situation must be dealt with as soon as conditions permit. SAFETY OF FLIGHT TAKES PRECEDENCE OVER ANY NOISE ABATEMENT PROCEDURE. 3.3.2 Noise Abatement Procedures at Take-off

For departing aircraft, two procedures have been designed so as to ensure that the necessary safety of flight operations is maintained whilst minimizing exposure to noise on the ground. These procedures are incorporated in ICAO Doc 8168 Part V. One of the two procedures, as described below should be used on each take off. The first(NADP1) is intended to describe one method, but not the only method, of providing noise reduction for noise-sensitive areas in close proximity to the departure end of the runway. The second (NADP2) similarly describes one method, but not the only method, of providing noise reduction to areas more distant from the runway end. Aircraft operators may find that to suit their particular route system (i.e at aerodromes where they operate), two different procedures, one designed for close and the other for distant noise reduction, may be appropriate. It is normal that the airport operator, controlling agency or State will be responsible for determining what type of noise abatement procedure if any is to be used for departure. NOTE: Noise abatement procedures whenever specified in the FOM or AOM/FCOM take precedence over the procedures as described in this section. 3.3.2.1 NADP1 Below 800ft AGL (Minimum alt):  Take-off power (Flex take-off, if possible)  Take-off flaps  Climb at V2+10. At 800ft AGL (Minimum):

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

3/P 13
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIR TRAFFIC SERVICES

 Reduce thrust to not less than climb thrust. From 800ft to 3000ft AGL:  Climb at V2+10 to V2+ 20 kts.  Maintain with Flaps/slats in the take-off configuration At 3000ft AGL:  Accelerate smoothly to en-route climb speed with flap retraction on schedule. 3.3.2.2 NADP2 Below 800ft AGL (Minimum):  Take-off power (Flex take-off, if possible)  Take-off flaps  Climb at V2+10 to V2+20 kts. At 800ft AGL:  Maintaining a positive rate of climb, body angle is reduced, accelerate to Zero flap minimum safe maneuvering speed (Green dot speed)  Retracting flap on schedule  Power is reduced during the flaps/slats retraction sequence at appoint that ensures satisfactory acceleration performance At 3000ft AGL:  Transition smoothly to en-route climb speed

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

4/P 1
Rev 01 01/08/2008

COMMUNICATIONS CONTENT

4.1 4.1.1 4.1.2 4.2 4.3 4.3.1 4.3.2 4.4 4.5

ATC communication................................................................................. ATC clearances………………………………………………………... Position report – ICAO format………………………………………… Loss of communication………………………………………………… Company communication……………………………………………… ACARS………………………………………………………………... Operational frequency……………………………………………….. Monitoring frequency…………………………………………………… HF communication………………………………………………………

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

4/P 2
Rev 01 01/08/2008

COMMUNICATIONS 4.1 4.1.1 ATC COMMUNICATION ATC Clearances

When obtaining the initial airway clearances, both pilots should write the details of the clearance on the computer flight plan and carefully crosscheck the clearance against the ATS route details of the filed flight plan notification. When ATC clearances or re-clearances are being obtained on HF, both pilots should wear headsets, because the clarity of the cockpit speakers and the associated ambient cockpit noise may result in misinterpretation. Any doubt should be resolved by requesting clarification from ATC. Except in an emergency, no alterations to the agreed flight plan should be made without permission from ATC. All ATC clearances shall be read back in full. Runway in use, altimeter settings, SSR codes, level instructions, heading and speed instructions and, where required by the appropriate ATS authority, transition levels, shall always be read back. All clearances to enter, land on, take -off on, cross and backtrack on the runway-in-use shall be read back. The aircraft call-sign should be added after the end of the clearance read back. 4.1.2 Position Report – ICAO format

When required by ATC, the standard ICAO format for position reports is as follows:  Section 1 – Position Information  Aircraft identification  Position  Time over  Flight level (or altitude)  Next position and ETA (time over)  Ensuing waypoint  Mach Number (if required)  Section 2 – Operational Information  ETA destination

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

4/P 3
Rev 01 07/12/2011

COMMUNICATIONS  Endurance (time)  Section 3 – Meteorological Information  Air Temperature (OAT)  Wind  Turbulence  Aircraft icing  Supplementary information

NOTE: - Section 1 is obligatory. - Section 2 is only transmitted when requested by the company, ATC or when deemed necessary by the pilot in command. - Section 3 is to be transmitted when the waypoint in the chart indicates that a meteorological report is required. 4.2 LOSS OF COMMUNICATIONS

ICAO communication failure procedure is set out in Jeppesen Airway Manual, Chapter Emergency- Communication failure. CAUTION: Radio communication failure procedures may vary from State to State. Refer Jeppesen Airway Manual for State differences.

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

4/P 4
Rev 01 07/12/2011

COMMUNICATIONS

4.3 OPERATIONAL COMMUNICATIONS

STATION CATHAY OPS - HONG KONG SIN OPS – SINGAPORE NISAN KOREA AIR - KOREA INCHEON – KOREA GIMPO – KOREA THAI OPS – BANGKOK DYNASTY OPS - TAIPEI DYNASTY OPS - KAOSHIUNG LAYANG SATELITTE - KUALA LUMPUR BAIYUN -GUANGZHOU SHANGHAI PUDONG BEIJING KOREA AIR – BUSAN DELTA OPERATION-NRT JAL OPERATION-NGO NOIBAI OPERATION-NOC TSN OPERATION-TOC

FREQUENCY 131.6 131.225 129.2 131.50/131.0 131.15 131.2/131.25/131.7/135.1 131.3 131.65 131.9 131.5 130.5 131.25 129.2 131.7 132.05 TBU TBU

4.4

MONITORING FREQUENCY

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

4/P 5
Rev 01 07/12/2011

COMMUNICATIONS

Whenever possible, select VHF 2 to 121.5 MHz. This frequency must only be used in abnormal or emergency situations. Unnecessary use of 121.5 MHz for routine communications is a hazard to air safety. When established in an Oceanic Control Area (OCA) and outside the VHF range of an ATS unit, all aircrafts are to maintain a listening watch on 128.95 MHz, unless otherwise indicated on the Jeppesen chart. Transmission on this frequency should be limited to matters required to facilitate the resolution of operational problems. 4.5 HF COMMUNICATION

Day and night time HF circuits are determined by the position of the sun in relation to the two stations attempting communications. The frequency that will give the best circuit conditions depends on many factors including:  Time of the day  Ionospheric conditions  Season of the year  Position of both stations  Equipments Day-time and night-time circuits are determined by the position of the sun, calculated from the position directly in the centre of the two stations wishing to communicate. The table below indicates approximate ranges in nautical miles: Table 4-2: HF Propagation range FREQUENCY (MHz) 4 6 8 10 13 17 21 DAY (Nm) 0 – 300 0 – 600 0 – 2000 300 – 2500 600 – 2500 1000 + 2000 + NIGHT (Nm) 0 –1600 600 – 2000 1000 – 2500 > 2000 > 2500 > 2500 > 2500

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

5/P 1
Rev 00 01/08/2008

METEOROLOGY

CONTENT

5.1 5.2 5.3

Aircraft observations................................................................................. Special and other non-routine aircraft observations…………………… Meteorological broadcast ………………………

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

5/P 2
Rev 00 01/08/2008

METEOROLOGY

5.1

AIRCRAFT OBSERVATIONS

In flight, the following aircraft observations shall be made:   Routine aircraft observation during en-route and climb-out phases of the flight Special and other non-routine aircraft observations during any phase of the flight.

Aircraft observations shall be reported by air-ground data link. Where air-ground data link is not available or appropriate, aircraft observations shall be reported by voice communications. Aircraft observation shall be reported during flight at the time the observation is made or as soon thereafter as is practicable. 5.2 SPECIAL AND OTHER NON-ROUTINE AIRCRAFT OBSERVATIONS All aircraft shall make special observations whenever the following conditions are encountered or observed:        Severe turbulence or Severe icing or Severe mountain wave or Thunderstorms, that are obscured, embedded, widespread or in squall lines or Heavy dust-storms or heavy sandstorm or Volcanic ash cloud or Pre-eruption volcanic activity or a volcanic eruption.

When other meteorological conditions not listed above, e.g. wind shear, are encountered and which, in the opinion of the pilot in command, may affect the safety or markedly affect the efficiency of other aircraft operations, the

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

5/P 3
Rev 00 01/08/2008

METEOROLOGY

pilot in command shall advise the appropriate air traffic services unit as soon as practicable. 5.3 METEOROLOGICAL BROADCAST

Normally airport weather observation (METAR) is broadcasted on appropriate ATIS frequency. But at some airports ATIS is not available. In that case pilot can obtain the weather observation by contacting Ground or Tower controller. Beside, weather information for some airports is also broadcast by weather information stations (see Table 5-1) Table 5-1: Weather information broadcast
Weather information for BANGKOK – VTBS/BKK BEIJING – ZBAA/PEK Broadcasted by BANGKOK Frequency 111387 KHz 6667 KHz 2965 KHz 13825 KHz 8849 KHz 5673 KHz 3458 KHz 13825 KHz 8849 KHz 5673 KHz 3458 KHz 2863 KHz 6679 KHz 8828 KHz 13282 KHz 128.875 MHz 8849 KHz 13825 KHz 3458 KHz 5673 KHz Broadcast Time Period H+ 2310-1145 10-15 40-45 H24 1210-2245 15-20 Day only 40-45 (0000-1600) Night only (0000-1600) Day only 15-20 (0000-1600) 40-45 Night only (0000-1600) H24 10-15 40-45 Form METAR, TAF, SIGMET METAR, TAF

BEIJING

DALIAN – ZYTL/DLC

BEIJING

METAR, TAF

FUKUOKA – RJFF/FUK

TOKYO

METAR

GUANGZHOU – HONGKONG ZGGG/CAN GUANGZHOU

H24, Continuous 05-10 Day only 35-40 (0000-1600) Night only (0000-1600)

METAR METAR, TAF

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

5/P 4
Rev 00 01/08/2008

METEOROLOGY

HANOI – VVNB/HAN HOCHIMINH – VVTS/SGN HONGKONG – VHHH/HKG

BANGKOK

BANGKOK

HONGKONG

111387 KHz 6667 KHz 2965 KHz 111387 KHz 6667 KHz 2965 KHz 2863 KHz ** 6679 KHz 8828 KHz 13282 KHz 2863 KHz 6679 KHz 8828 KHz 13282 KHz

2310-1145 H24 1210-2245 2310-1145 H24 1210-2245 H24

10-15 40-45 10-15 40-45 15-20 45-50

METAR*

METAR*

METAR, TAF

INCHEON – RKSI/ICN

TOKYO

H24

10-15 40-45

METAR

Notes: * - As available ** - When operationally required

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

5/P 5
Rev 00 01/08/2008

METEOROLOGY

Table 5-1: Weather information broadcast (cont’d)
Weather information for Broadcasted by Frequency 6676 KHz 11387 KHz 6676 KHz 11387 KHz 128.875 MHz 124.4 MHZ KUALALUMPUR – SINGAPORE WMKK/KUL Broadcast Time Period H+ 1230-2230 20-25 2230-1230 1230-2230 50-55 2230-1230 H24, Continuous H24, Continuous Form METAR* TAF* METAR* METAR METAR, TAF, SPECI METAR, TAF

KAOHSIUNG – RCKH/KHH

HONGKONG TAIPEI

KUNMING – ZPPP/KMG

GUANGZHOU

NAGOYA – RJNN/NGO

TOKYO

NANNING – ZGNN/NNG

GUANGZHOU

OSAKA – RJBB/KIX

TOKYO

PHNOMPENH – VDPP/PNH SHANGHAI – ZSSS/SHA

BANGKOK

BEIJING

SINGAPORE – WSSS/SIN

SINGAPORE

8849KHz 13825KHz 3458KHz 5673KHz 2863 KHz 6679 KHz 8828 KHz 13282 KHz 8849KHz 13825KHz 3458KHz 5673KHz 2863 KHz 6679 KHz 8828 KHz 13282 KHz 111387 KHz 6667 KHz 2965 KHz 13825 KHz 8849 KHz 5673 KHz 3458 KHz 6676 KHz 11387 KHz

Day only (0000-1600) Night only (0000-1600) H24

10-15 40-45

10-15 40-45

METAR

Day only (0000-1600) Night only (0000-1600) H24

05-10 35-40

METAR, TAF

10-15 40-45

METAR, TAF

2310-1145 H24 1210-2245 Day only (0000-1600) Night only (0000-1600) 1230-2230 2230-1230

10-15 40-45 20-25 50-55

METAR*

METAR, TAF

20-25 50-55

METAR, TAF*, SPECI, SIGMET

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

5/P 6
Rev 00 01/08/2008

METEOROLOGY

Notes: * - As available ** - When operationally required Table 5-1: Weather information broadcast (cont’d)

Weather information for TAIPEI – RCTP/TPE

Broadcasted by HONGKONG

Frequency 2863 KHz ** 6679 KHz 8828 KHz 13282 KHz 128.875 MHz 124.4 MHz

Broadcast Time Period H+ H24 15-20 45-50

Form METAR, TAF

TAIPEI

H24, Continuous H24, Continuous

METAR METAR, TAF, SPECI, SIGMET METAR, TAF

TIANJIN – ZBTJ/TSN

BEIJING

VIENTIANE – VLVT/VTE WUHAN – ZHHH/WUH

13825 KHz 8849 KHz 5673 KHz 3458 KHz BANGKOK 111387 KHz 6667 KHz 2965 KHz GUANGZHOU 8849KHz 13825KHz 3458KHz 5673KHz

Day only (0000-1600) Night only (0000-1600) 2310-1145 H24 1210-2245 Day only (0000-1600) Night only (0000-1600)

15-20 40-45

10-15 40-45 10-15 40-45

METAR*

METAR, TAF

Notes: * - As available ** - When operationally required

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 1
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS CONTENTS General Route Briefing Airport Briefings
.1. .2. .3. .4. .5. .6. .7. .8. .9. . 10 . . 11 . . 12 . . 13 . . 14 . . 15 . . 16 . . 17 . . 18 . . 19 . . 20 .

BANGKOK (SUVARNABHUMI INTL) - THAILAND………………6 BEIJING (CAPITAL) - CHINA…………………………………………9 BINHDINH (PHUCAT) - VIETNAM…………………………………..21 BUSAN (GIMHAE) - KOREA………………………………………….15 CANTHO - VIETNAM…………………………………………………19 DACLAC (BUONMATHUOT) - VIETNAM………………………….21 DANANG (DANANG ITNL) - VIETNAM…………………………….30 DALAT (LIENKHUONG) - VIETNAM……………………………….32 DONGHOI - VIETNAM………………………………………………..30 FUKUOKA (FUKUOKA) - JAPAN……………………………………33 GUANGZHOU (BAIYUN) - CHINA………………………………….36 HAIPHONG (CATBI) - VIETNAM……………………………………43 HANOI - (NOIBAI INTL) - VIETNAM……………………………….45 HOCHIMINH - (TANSONNHAT ITNL) -VIETNAM………………...45 HONGKONG (HONGKONG INTL) - CHINA………………………..48 HUE (PHUBAI) - VIETNAM………………………………………….52 JAKARTA (TO BE UPDATED)……………………………………….54 KAOHSIUNG (KAOHSIUNG INTL) - TAIWAN…………………….56 KHANH HOA (CAMRANH) - VIETNAM……………………………58 KUALA LUMPUR (KUALALUMPUR INTL-SEPANG) MALAYSIA…………………………………………………………….63 . 21 . KUNMING (WUJIABA) - CHINA…………………………………….66 . 22 . MANILA (TO BE UPDATED) ………………………………………..67 . 23. MUMBAI (TO BE UPDATED)………………………………………...70 . 24 . NAGOYA (CHUBU CENTRAIR INTL) - JAPAN……………………71 . 25 . OSAKA (KANSAI INTL) - JAPAN……………………………………74 . 26 . PHNOMPENH (PHNOMPENH INTL) - CAMBODIA………………..75 . 27 . SEOUL (INCHEON INTL) - KOREA…………………………………77 . 28 . SHANGHAI (PUDONG INTL) - CHINA……………………………..79 . 29 . SIEM REAP (SIEM REAP) - CAMBODIA……………………………81 . 30 . SINGAPORE (CHANGI) - SINGAPORE……………………………...83 . 31 . TAIPEI (TAOYUAN INTL) - TAIWAN………………………………85 . 32 . TOKYO (NARITA INTL) - JAPAN……………………………………87 . 33 . VIENTIANE (WATTAY INTL) - LAOS………………………………95

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 2
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS
. 34 . . 35 .

VINH (VINH) - VIETNAM…………………………………………….101 YANGON (YANGON INTL) - MYANMAR………………………….104

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 3
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS GENERAL

The purpose of this section is to provide operating crews with additional information which, whilst can be normally found in JEPPESEN Airway Manual, is of importance to normal line operations. Generally, no attempt has been made to duplicate frequencies, instructions or procedures which are contained in the JEPPESEN Airway Manual for the particular airport unless it has been deemed necessary or has been inserted as a result of a pilot report, incident report or is of significance to the operating crew. NOTE: While every effort is made to keep this manual current, where a difference exists between the information contained in this manual and other source, (e.g. FOM, SOP, AOM/FCOM, JEPPESEN Airway Manual, etc) then these sources will take precedence over this manual.

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 4
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

ROUTE BRIEFINGS All VNA A320/321 aircrafts are approved for RVSM and RNP-10/RNAV5/RNAV-1 operation. In VNA A320/321 network, some routes are RVSM and/or RNP-10/RNAV-5, while others are not. For details, refer to JEPPESEN Airway Manual. Although not indicated accordingly, all airways within Vietnam airspace are RVSM ones. As a general information guideline to crews operating within Vietnam airspace, the following points should be noted:  For domestic airports, take-off before ETD is not allowed. ATC strictly adheres to this principle.  Special precaution should be taken when operating on airway W1 and W10 near BMT area. This area is close to border with Cambodia therefore deviation West of W1/W10 is only approved up to about 15 Nm (refer to JEPPESEN Far East En-route chart 3-4). There is no allowance for weather avoidance.  Pilots are requested to cross-check between the flight planned route on CFP and the one in A/C database before flight to avoid any discrepancies.  Some domestic airports are approved for day time operation only. Cross check their exact closing times with FOE and/or the relevant tower control, as this is dependent on the airport commandant.  Metric unit is applied in China airspaces. Flying off track 2-6 Nm is often requested by Chinese ATC.  For any operational, technical assistance and information, pilot can contact: - VNA OCC (Operation control centre): Tel +84-38723374 / +84-38271539 (OCC Duty Manager): 0989295188 - VNA MCC (Maintenance control centre): Tel +84-35842273 or 0913254103

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 5
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

AIRPORT BRIEFINGS  If domestic airports and NAV aids are not in the A/C database, pilots are requested to take extreme caution when creating RWY, NAV aids… using the published coordinates.

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 6
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

.1.
ICAO

BANGKOK (SUVARNABHUMI INTL) - THAILAND
IATA CAT Elev. LT RWY 01L 19R 01R 19L APPR type ILS/VOR ILS/VOR ILS ILS Length 3700m 60m 4000m Width

VTBS

BKK

A

5 ft

UTC+7

ALTERNATES VTBD/DMK, VTBU/UTP, VDPP/PNH, VVTS/SGN TERRAIN

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 7
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

SUVARNABHUMI airport is located about 10nms north of the Gulf of Thailand. The area is flat with no high terrain within 30nm of the airfield. WEATHER The weather is tropical in nature with a year round average of 31ºC with high humidity and frequent thunderstorms. TAXI  Refer Chart 20-6 for taxi in and out. Mode S transponder is required during taxi therefore mode selector shall be in “XPDR” or “AUTO” position (depends on transponder control panel). ARRIVAL  All STARs are RNAV STARs (GNSS). If aircraft is not GNSS equipped, crew shall inform ATC and request radar vectoring. Normally RWY 01L/19R is used for landing, but RWY change could be expected.  All arriving aircrafts are required to land with minimum certified flaps setting. However Minimum runway occupancy time is strictly applied. As a result crew should choose the optimum landing configuration according to actual landing weight. DEPARTURE  All SIDs are RNAV-SIDs (GNSS). If aircraft is not GNSS equipped, crew shall inform ATC and request radar vectoring. Normally RWY 01R/19L is used for takeoff, but RWY change could be expected.  Minimum runway occupancy time is strictly applied and crew will automatically switch to departure frequency (normally given on ATIS) when airborne.  Noise abatement procedures are required for all RWYs. COMPANY NOTES

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 8
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

 Several Hot spots are reported on ramp taxiways, pilots are requested to take extreme caution during taxi (especially with single engine taxi).  GPU and ground air-conditioning unit are available at the gate.  All flight documents are brought to the aircraft by the ground handling agents.  For any assistant crew can contact: -VNA Town office: +66-2 655 4137/40 -VNA Airport office: +66 2 134 2001/02

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 9
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS .2.
ICAO IATA

BEIJING (CAPITAL) - CHINA
CAT Elev. LT RWY 18R 36L Approach type ILS ILS ILS/VOR ILS/VOR ILS ILS Length 3200m Width 50m

ZBAA

PEK

A

115 Ft UTC+8

18L 36R 01 19

3800m

60m

ALTERNATES ZBTJ/TSN, ZYTL/DLC TERRAIN

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 10
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

High obstacles are on the North and West of the airport. Therefore the MSA on the West, North and East sectors are quite high (from 4600ft to7100ft), while MSA on the South is 2000ft. WEATHER  During summer time, the weather is quite good and usually hazy. In winter time, it is very cold, sometimes foggy.  Sand storm is observed sometimes. TAXI  There are predetermined taxi routes, but different taxi routes could be expected. Long taxi time normally is expected for departure (around 3040 minutes or more) due to high volume of traffic.  Normally parking bay 205-218 at S apron shall be assigned for VNA aircraft. ARRIVAL AND APPROACH  Normally VNA aircraft will be cleared to land on RWY 36L/18R or 01/19.  ATC usually requires to an early speed reduction, early and stepdescent at required Vs (vertical speed) due to high volume of traffic.  STAR and RWY change could be expected at last moment during approach.  After landing, all aircrafts are required to vacate the RWY as soon as possible (within 50s from flying over the RWY threshold). DEPARTURE  Normally VNA aircraft will be cleared for takeoff on RWY 36L/18R.  Noise abatement procedures are required for all RWYs.  ATC always clears step climb.

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 11
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

 A cruising altitude will be cleared only when aircraft leaves Beijing TMA.  EOSID RWY 36/01 is available. COMPANY NOTES  Metric unit is applied in China airspaces. Pilots are requested to take extreme caution when using the Meter-Foot conversion table.  Due to high volume of traffic and departure priority normally given to Chinese air-carriers, it is pertinent to carry extra fuel for your departure or arrival.  All flight documents are brought to the aircraft by the ground handling agents.  Phraseology: “VN…, climb to 7500 meters on standard” means “Climb to 7500 meters on STD setting “  For any assistant crew can contact: -VNA Town office: +86 108454 1196/1289 -VNA Airport office: +86 106459 1089 -Technical & ground handling support: +86 10 6456 3547

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 12
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS . 3.
ICAO IATA Opr.hrs SR – SS (Scheduled flight only)

BINHDINH (PHUCAT) - VIETNAM
CAT. Elev. 10 Ft LT RWY 33 UTC+7 15 VOR APPR type VOR Length Width

VVPC

UIH

A

3000m

45m

ALTERNATES VVTS/SGN, VVDN/ DAD, VVCR/CRX, VVBM/BMV, VVDL/DLI TERRAIN

PHUCAT airport is surrounded by mountainous area. Raising terrain is to the WEST and to the SOUTH of the airport. WEATHER

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 13
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

 Weather condition in Phu Cat is quite good. This region has Dry and Rainy season, the Rainy season lasts from May to November, while the Dry season runs the rest of the year.  The average temperature is around 25ºC to 30ºC, sometime it can reach 35ºC in a very hot day.  During the Wet season, there are heavy but short lived downpours. TAXI  Parallel taxiway is available. The up-hill taxiway is a significant feature of this airport. ARRIVAL AND APPROACH:  VORDME and NDB approaches are available for RWY 33 only. Circling approach RWY 15 will be performed if landing on runway 15 is expected.  The MEA of W12 from BU to PCA is 7600 feet and Grid MORA for this area is 10400 feet. ATC only clear to descend to 7000’ when aircraft is within 25 Nm from PCA.  For DVOR approach from the South via D16 (Radial 217): From 6070 feet at D16 (IAF) and joining DME Arc 14 Nm pilot can descend to 4930 feet, when passing Lead Radial 190, continue descend and intercept final approach course at 3940ft. Crews will expect a very steep path for final approach (~3.3 º). DEPARTURE  There are two SID types which are based on PCA VOR and PC NDB. The SID based on PCA VOR is normally used for departure.  In good WX, pilot may expect visual departure following by left or right turn to BU, so take extreme caution of high terrain surroundings.  EOSIDs are available for both runways. COMPANY NOTES

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 14
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

 The location of Airport terminal is not correct on Chart VVPC 10-9.  PHUCAT is joint civil and military airport, therefore in good weather condition there may be military activity.  ATIS is not available in PHUCAT. Weather information can be obtained from PHUCAT TWR or HOCHIMINH ACC.  Runway light: NIL  Approach light: NIL  PAPI: NIL  Only GPU is available (Air Starter and Air-Conditioning Unit are not available)  After landing, crew has to go to Flight Information Service office to submit the ATC flight plan and get the updated weather information and NOTAMs.  For any assistant crew can contact: 056 3826 945/3825 313

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 15
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS . 4.
ICAO IATA CAT

BUSAN (GIMHAE) - KOREA
Elev. LT RWY 36L 18R 36R 18L Approach type ILS/VOR CIRCLING ILS/VOR CIRCLING Length 3200m 2743m Width 60m 45m

RKPK

PUS

B

13 Ft

UTC+9

ALTERNATES RKSI/ICN, RKPC/CJU, RJFF/FUK. TERRAIN

BUSAN airport is surrounded by mountainous area. High mountains are located on the East, North and West of the airport. Mountains range 1000ft rising up to 2105ft starting at about 2.5nm from RWY18 threshold.

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 16
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

WEATHER  The weather in BUSAN is usually suitable for using RWY 36.  Sometimes very strong Southerly wind causes RWY in use to be RWY 18.  During winter, it is very cold in BUSAN. After long flight in low temperature, during transit stop at the airport, there is high probability of clear ice formed on aircraft surface. Walk-around check must be done very carefully. De-icing may be required before departure. TAXI  Refer Chart 10-9B/C/D for taxi in and out.  The civil apron is to the South East of Airport.  Two parallel runways are very close. If “Hold short of RWY” is requested by ATC, crew shall ensure aircraft completely clear off the runway. After landing on RWY 36L/18R, a runway crossing clearance must be obtained from ATC (RWY 36R/18L is normally assigned for military activities in which a different radio frequency is used).  Unless otherwise directed, aircraft shall automatically contact GIMHAE RAMP CONTROL at the Radio Frequency Transfer Point (RTP)  Follow-me car is waiting at apron entrance (G7). ARRIVAL AND APPROACH Note: RWY 36L/18R is normally used for civil aircrafts and RWY 36R/18L for military aircrafts. There is no STAR for arrival. ATC will provide radar vector for straight-in ILS RWY 36L or LOC RWY 36L followed by circle-to-land RWY 18R. Crew is requested to report “airfield insight” before being transfer to TWR frequency.

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 17
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

LOC APPROACH RWY 36L FOLLOWED BY CIRCLE-TO-LAND RWY 18R: Circling approach to land RWY 18 is normally associated with marginal weather and very strong Southern wind. The possibility of missed approach is very high. Crew must not start the approach if approach preparation and briefing for circling has not been completed. (Refer Vietnam Airlines chart 19-1 for circling guidance)  To avoid configuration change during circling manoeuvre, aircraft shall circle at F speed in CONF 3 and landing gear down (except for single engine operations).  F speed of A320/321 is almost higher than 140kts, therefore the CIRCLING ALTITUDE will be 1100FT (refer to JEPPESEN approach chart 11-3) or 1500ft AMSL on downwind leg in VMC (at or above VIS 4800m and ceiling 2500ft) unless otherwise cleared by ATC.  Flying along the river is a good reference for downwind leg.  At the end of downwind leg, start turn with a minimum 25 degree banked then adjust bank angle for intercepting final. Frequently high bank angle is required because of strong South-West wind. DO NOT forget to start the descent when turning into base leg to avoid excessive Vs on short final.  On base leg: There is a RED-WHITE CHECKER BOARD placed on the mountain on extended RWY centerline:  The Red-White Checker Board must be either ahead or on the Left of the aircraft.  If the Red-White Checker Board is on the Right of the aircraft: the aircraft position seems to be in proximity to the terrain and a GOAROUND must be carried out.  Crew also looks for circling guidance lights RWY 18R. (JEPPESEN chart 19-1).  In case of Miss approach, crew must turn RIGHT and fly over the airfield then join the Missed Approach trajectory of LOC 36L (from the missed approach point of LOC 36L). Crew may also expect radar vector for miss approach. DEPARTURE

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 18
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

 Departure RWY 36 is more restrictive than RWY 18 due to terrain on the North of airport. SID for RWY 36 is normally GARAK1 which requires an early turn when airborne (at 450ft). Starting turn at 450ft is expected during radar vectored. DO NOT delay the turn due to terrain ahead.  EOSID RWY 36 is available. Engine out acceleration altitude for RWY 36 should be modified in MCDU PERF page with data from RTOW chart. COMPANY NOTES  It is a requirement of VNA crew is requested not to start the APU after landing. Using GPU, air-conditioning unit are mandatory.  For RWY 36L, sometimes MPTOW could be very limited, especially with tail wind and wet RWY. Be aware of that when calculating fuel to avoid late off-loading payload. Take off with pack-off should be considered.  For any operational inquiry, pilots can contact Korean Air GIMHAE Operation on frequency 129.2.  The airport authority is very strict in food quarantine especially with meat products and vegetables.  To be filled as an alternate, PUS requires higher planning minimum (refer to JEPPESEN chart 10-9A).  All flight documents are available at information deck, close to gate No 4.  For any assistant crew can contact: - VNA Town office: +82 51 465 4828/29/35 - Airport office: +82 51 941 6568/9 - Technical support: +82 10 6456 5347

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 19
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS . 5.
ICAO VVCT IATA VCA CAT A Elev. 10 Ft

CANTHO - VIETNAM
LT UTC+7 24 RWY 06 Approach type ILS/VOR DME/NDB VOR DME/NDB Length 3000m Width 45m

ALTERNATES VVTS/SGN, VDPP/PNH, VVCR/CRX, VVBM/BMV TERRAIN

CANTHO airport is located in the Mekong delta, in a flat area. There is no obstacle around the airport and the MSA is 2000 ft in all sectors. WEATHER

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 20
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

 CANTHO has two distinct seasons – rainy and dry. The dry season brings reduced visibility in the early morning with haze and easterly wind. The rainy season brings frequent thunderstorms with heavy rain showers in the afternoon and strong wind.  Large storms can be formed in this area during the monsoon season. TAXI  180 degree turn is permitted only at the end of runway.  Due to short taxi in and out time, crew should pay attention on the minimum engine cooling and warm-up time. DEPARTURE AND ARRIVAL  Either straight-in VORDME or visual approach runway 24 are normally used for arrival from the North.  Runway-in-use for takeoff will be flexible if there is no military activity. RWY 24 is normally expected for South bound departures and RWY 06 for North bound departure.

COMPANY NOTES  ATIS is not available in CANTHO. Weather information can be obtained from CANTHO TWR or HOCHIMINH ACC.  Only GPU is available. (Air Starter and Air-Conditioning Unit are not available)  After landing, crew has to go to Flight Information Service office to submit the ATC flight plan and get the updated weather information and NOTAMs.  For any assistant crew can contact: 07103844320

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 21
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS . 6.
ICAO VVBM IATA BMV

DACLAC (BUONMATHUOT) – VIETNAM
CAT A Elev. 1739Ft LT UTC+7 RWY 09 27 APPR type VOR/NDB VOR Length 3000m Width 45m

ALTERNATES VVTS/SGN, VVCR/CXR, VVDN/DAD, VVDL/DLI TERRAIN

BUONMATHUOT airport is located in the highland area. Terrain surrounds BUONMATHUOT on almost all sectors as the airport is set in a valley. However, the terrain to the South and West is closer to the runway than it is on other sectors, therefore the MSA in these sectors are quite high (7220 ft on the South-West and 10010 ft on the South-East sector). WEATHER

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 22
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

 This airport stays in the highland area. The up-hill runway is a significant feature of this airport. The two distinct Rainy and Dry seasons in this region is so easy to be recognized. Wet season lasts from April to late October with significantly increasing downpours. In August, the rainfall volume can shoot up with more than third-four days of the month wet with rain. Moreover, during this season, thunderstorm appears frequently, raining as well as CB cloud is widespread in this region.  In the Dry season, the weather is much more comfortable with less rain. Temperature in this Southern region is about 25ºC.  During Rainy season, thunderstorm can produce very strong gusting wind. TAXI  180 degree turn is permitted only at the end of runway.  Due to short taxi in and out time, crew should pay attention on the minimum engine cooling and warm-up time. ARRIVAL AND APPROACH  VORDME and NDB approaches are available for both runways.  Approach light systems are available for RWY 09 only.  Visual approach is normally approved in good weather. DEPARTURE  Engine out SIDs are available for both RWYs. Engine out acceleration altitude for RWY 09 should be modified in MCDU PERF page with data from RTOW chart. COMPANY NOTES

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 23
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

 ATIS is not available in BUONMETHUAT. Weather information can be obtained from BUONMETHUAT TWR or HOCHIMINH ACC.  Only GPU is available. (Air Starter and Air-Conditioning Unit are not available)  After landing, crew has to go to Flight Information Service office to submit the ATC flight plan and get the updated weather information, NOTAMs.  For any assistant crew can contact: 050 3954 442/050 3952 591

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 24
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS . 7.
ICAO VVDN IATA DAN

DANANG (DANANG ITNL) - VIETNAM
Category A RWY 35R 17L 36 Ft UTC+7 35L 17R Elev. LT Approach type ILS/VOR/NDB NA ILS/VOR NA Length 3048m Width 45m

ALTERNATES VVTS/SGN, VVNB/HAN, VVPB/HUI, VVCR/CXR TERRAIN

DANANG airport is located near the coast line, on the South-West of the city. There is mountain range on the North-West and West of the airport.

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 25
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

The SONTRA peninsula is 2283ft-high and at about 5.5 Nm North-East of the Airport Reference Point (ARP). WEATHER  In March and April, fog is recorded forming but not lasting long. This airport encounters with quite strong wind, sometimes it can gusts up to 50kts or more if the thunderstorm is approaching.  From October to December, heavy rains which cause severe flooding to the coastal area are observed frequently. TAXI  Crew is requested to take extreme caution when aligning aircraft on the ramp because of short alignment distance.  Follow-me car is available on request or directed by ATC at night time. ARRIVAL AND APPROACH  Arrivals from the South following MISIN1A STAR are demanding due to the high terrain. Initial cleared altitude will be FL120 by MISIN then 9000ft by TAHUA. In addition to the high terrain, tail wind is normally experienced during the descent. Crew shall be aware of steep descent profile.  For both arrivals from the North and South, Crew shall be aware of the 3133ft high mountain located at 20Nm on Radial 183 of DAN VOR.  Circling approach to land RWY 17 at night is not allowed. DEPARTURE  Runway-in-use for takeoff will be flexible if there is no military activity. RWY 17 is normally expected for South bound departures and RWY 35 for North bound departure.  EOSIDs are available for both runways.

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 26
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS COMPANY NOTES

 ATIS is not available in DANANG. Weather information can be obtained from DANANG APPR.  DANANG is joint civil and military airport, therefore in good weather condition there may be military activity.  Crew is requested not to start the APU after landing. Using GPU, Airconditioning unit are mandatory.  There is no lighting on the South part of E6 taxiway.  For any assistant crew can contact: 0511 3655 089

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 27
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS . 8.
ICAO VVDL IATA DLI CAT B

DALAT (LIENKHUONG) - VIETNAM
Elev. 3130 Ft LT UTC+7 27 RWY 09 APPR type VOR DME/NDB (TBU) Length 3250m Width 45m

ALTERNATES VVTS/SGN, VVCR/CRX, VVDN/DAD, VVBM/BMV TERRAIN

DALAT is located in the highland area. The airport is surrounded by a lot of close obstacles around, therefore the MSA in all sectors are quite high (from 7750 ft to 9520 ft). WEATHER

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 28
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

 LIENKHUONG airport is located in a mountainous area. Due to high elevation, the average temperature in this region is between 16ºC and 21ºC and rarely exceeds 25ºC. Temperature can reduce to around 10ºC in a clear night.  Weather in this region is also divided into Dry and Rainy season. While in the South, the hot and dry weather is significantly present from the early April till October, then in DALAT, the rainfall increases significantly.  A great diversification of wind change has been recorded in this airport. Additionally, mountains around the airport never produce stable wind. In the first quarter of the year, the wind direction is from the NE and SE while the second one changes to the SW wind. The third quarter shows a quite stable trend with wind blowing from the West while again a variable direction from NW to N and NE in the last quarter.  Fog rarely appears in this area. If fog is forming it never lasts long. It is observed that fog spreads from surrounding mountains then scatters quickly. TAXI  180 degree turn is permitted only at the end of runway.  Due to short taxi in and out time, crew should pay attention on the minimum engine cooling and warm-up time. ARRIVAL AND APPROACH  Visual approach is provisionally prohibited at DALAT airport (by VNA)  RWY 09: DVORDME and NDB approaches are available.  DVOR/DME APP: Arrivals from the south following straight-in Approach from DILIN to D14 (IAF) on Radial 139 of LKH VOR at 8210ft and FAF is D7.0 at 5160ft. While FAF for Approach via LKH VOR is D8.5 at 5630ft.  RWY 09 is up sloped.

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 29
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS  RWY 27: (TBU)  DEPARTURE

 Because of high mountains on the East of airfield, departure RWY 09 is more restrictive than departure RWY 27.  EOSIDs are available for both runways. Maximum engine-out acceleration altitude for takeoff runway should be modified in MCDU PERF page with data from RTOW chart. COMPANY NOTES  ATIS is not available in LIENKHUONG. Weather information can be obtained from LIENKHUONG TWR or HOCHIMINH ACC.  Airport lighting system operates as follows:  For night operation: will be available 30 minutes before/after ETD and 30 minutes before ETA.  For day operation: will be available when visibility is less than 4000m or on request.  PAPI are available for both runways.  GPU and Air Starter are available. (Air-Conditioning Unit is not available)  After landing, crew has to come to Flight Information Service office to submit the ATC flight plan and get the updated weather information, NOTAMs…  For any assistant crew can contact: 063 383 3499/ 0913736782

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 30
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS . 9.
ICAO VVDH IATA VDH CAT A

DONGHOI - VIETNAM
Elev. 59 Ft LT UTC+7 RWY 29 11 APPR type VORDME Circling Length Width 45m

2400m

ALTERNATES VVPC/UIH, VVDN/DAD, VVPB/HUI, VVVH/VIN TERRAIN

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 31
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS Dong Hoi Airport is located near the East Sea coast.

- The area has diverse topographical and geological features, including hill, mountainous, half mountainous, coastal plains and coastal sand dunes. - Hilly region is located in the west part of the airport, stretching from north-west to south with terrains up to 5329ft. WEATHER  Like all provinces in north and north central of Vietnam, there are four distinct seasons in DONGHOI. In spring, it is cool, humid and foggy.  Although the airport is located by the sea, its climate is subject to drought in the summer, this is largely due to the dry southwest wind from Gulf of Thailand. It is rainy in the fall but the weather is comfortable with the temperature around 26 to 31 degrees Celsius. TAXI  Due to short taxi in and out time, crew should pay attention on the minimum engine cooling and warm-up time.  180 degree turn is permitted only at the end of runway. After landing, back-tracking at the end and vacate via E2 to civil apron. ARRIVAL AND APPROACH  DVORDME procedures are available for both runways.  RWY 29 is up sloped. DEPARTURE  Mind the high terrain in the west and south of the airport. COMPANY NOTES  ATIS is not available in DONGHOI. Weather information can be obtained from DONGHOI TWR or HANOI/HOCHIMINH ACC.

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 32
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

 Only GPU is available. (Air Starter and Air-Conditioning Unit are not available)  After landing, crew has to go to Flight Information Service office to submit the ATC flight plan and get the updated weather information, NOTAMs.  For any assistant crew can contact: 09113459391 or 0523810909

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 33
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

. 10.
ICAO RJFF IATA FUK CAT A

FUKUOKA (FUKUOKA) – JAPAN
Elev. 30Ft LT UTC+9 RWY 16 34 Approach type ILS/VOR ILS Length 2800m Width 60m

ALTERNATES RKPC/CJU, RKPK/PUS, RJBB/KIX TERRAIN

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 34
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

FUKUOKA is located on the North-West coast line of Japan. There are a lot of mountains on the South, West and East of the airport. MSA is from 2300 to 5500 ft. A small 474ft-high hill is located just to the right of short final to RWY 34. Also a radio mast (NHK) is located just below the circling minima on downwind rising to 570ft AMSL.

WEATHER  The weather is temperate zone with considerable heavy rain during the rainy season and during the typhoon months of September through October.  Wind direction is normally SE-NW. TAXI  The international terminal is located on the West of the runway.  At departure, for ILS glide slope signal protection, all aircrafts are required to hold at “GP hold line” on taxiway B1 (for RWY 16) or B6 (for RWY 34) until receiving further clearance. ARRIVAL AND APPROACH  Normally ATC provide radar vector for intercepting final. Minimum certified flap setting for landing is expected.  For RWY 34, ATC tends to provide radar vector for visual approach.  Circling approach is authorized on the West of RWY. Circling guidance lights are available for RWY 34.  The published missed approach procedure RWY 16 requires high climb gradient. DEPARTURE

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 35
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

 Engine-out SID is available for RWY 16. Engine-out acceleration altitude for RWY 16 should be modified in MCDU PERF page with data from RTOW chart.  Noise abatement procedure is required for both runways.

COMPANY NOTES  Japanese accent is quite strong. Crew do not hesitate to verify information if any doubt.  Airport operation hour is 24h, but custom and immigration are available from 23h30 to 11h00 UTC only.  For RWY 16, sometimes MPTOW could be very limited, especially with tail wind and wet RWY condition. Crew should be aware of limited MPTOW when calculating fuel to avoid late off-loading payload. Pack-off takeoff should be considered.  For departure, crew has to go to JAL operation office to have flight plan, weather information, NOTAM…Ask VNA ground staffs for instruction.  The airport authority is very strict in food quarantine especially with meat products and vegetables.  For any assistant, contact : -VNA Town office: +81-(0)92 473 0500 -Airport office: +81-(0)92 436 1818

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 36
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

. 3.
ICAO ZGGG IATA CAN

GUANGZHOU (BAIYUN) - CHINA
Elev. 50 Ft Approach type 02L/20R ILS UTC+8 02R/20L ILS LT RWY Length 3600m 3800m Width 45m 60m

Category A

ALTERNATES VVNB/HAN, VHHH/HKG, ZGNN/NNG, VMMC/MFM TERRAIN

GUANGZHOU leans against JIULIAN hill in the North, LUOFU in the West, QINGYUN in the East and the JIULIAN-NANKUN mountain range in the

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 37
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

middle. In the South of the airport, the ZHUZIANG River Delta generates lower MSA. WEATHER  Guangzhou has a subtropical humid monsoon climate which is hot and rainy. In winter time from October to March, it is dryer with an average temperature of 22°C. In contrast, in summer from April to September, it is quite hot with an average temperature of 32°C and humid with often heavy rainfall.  Very often, it is quite hazy due to industrial zones around the airport. TAXI  Normally parking bay S101-S112 or 301-308 at East apron shall be assigned for VNA aircraft.  Taxi instructions are straight forward with the “Follow me” car waiting on the ramp to guide aircraft to the stand. ARRIVAL AND APPROACH  STAR will be issued from Guangzhou approach, aircraft unable to comply with RNAV STAR must report to the ATC and request for RADAR vector. The STAR is mostly adhered to but often radar vectoring takes precedence. ATC usually requires to an early speed reduction, early and step-descent because of the high volumes of traffic.  Normally RWY 02R/20L is used for landing, but RWY change could be expected. DEPARTURE  ATC always clears step climb.  Aircraft unable to comply with RNAV SID must report to the ATC.  Normally RWY 02L/20R is used for takeoff, but RWY change could be expected.

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 38
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS  EOSID is available for RWY 02. COMPANY NOTES

 Metric unit is applied in China airspaces. Pilots are requested to take extreme caution when using the Meter-Foot conversion table.  It is a requirement of BAIYUN airport crew is requested not to start the APU after landing. Electrical power and air conditioning are available at the gate.  All flight documents are brought to the aircraft by the ground handling agents. A copy of filed flight plan will be given to crew. The captain needs to sign for the flight documents as well as the CAA.  Phraseology: “VN…, climb to 7500 meters on standard” means “Climb to 7500 meters on STD setting “  Due to high volume of traffic and departure priority normally given to Chinese air-carriers, it is pertinent to carry extra fuel for your departure and arrival.  For any assistant, contact: - VNA Town office: + 86 20 8386 7093 - Airport office: + 862086130732

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 39
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS .12.
ICAO VVCI IATA HPH CAT A

HAIPHONG (CATBI) – VIETNAM
Elev. 14FT LT +7 RWY 07 Approach type VOR/NDB VOR Length 2400M 2400M Width 50M 50M

ALTERNATES VVNB/HAN, VVDN/DAD, VVPB/HUI, VVDH/DOI, VVVH/VIN TERRAIN

Terrains are all to the North, the area flattens towards the sea. The MSA, based on CAB VOR is from 4600Ft in the North sector to1480Ft in the South-West sector. There is a 449Ft mountain located at about 3Nm West of BK. WEATHER

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 40
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

 This airport is just about 50 miles away from NOIBAI airport. Temperature as well as significant weather is not much different from NOIBAI airport. There are four distinct seasons with lowest temperature which can reach 11ºC in January, and highest one can jump up to 40ºC in July.  Wind in this region suffers from the North East monsoon, as well as the sea breeze. North and north east wind is quite stable during the winter from October to the New Year. Then in summer time, from April to August, the West, South West wind comes to existence. Gusting wind during thunderstorm can reach 60kts during landing.  Fog is in the morning of winter time only. TAXI  There is only one taxiway to the apron. The taxiway width is only 18m.  The apron itself is small and can only accommodate 2 aircrafts at the same time. The apron surface is soft.  180 degree turn is permitted only at the end of runway. Taxi follow ground Marshaller guidance to parking. ARRIVAL AND APPROACH  VORDME approach RWY 07 via the 14 DME Arc from VANUC is preferred.  Visual approach is normally approved in good weather. DEPARTURE  SIDs are available for both runways COMPANY NOTES  ATIS is not available in CATBI. Weather information can be obtained from CATBI TWR or HANOI ACC.

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 41
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

 The PAPI for RWY 07 is located at about 150m from the RWY threshold. Keep in mind that following 2-Red-2-White flight path, a/c will cross the RWY threshold at about 20-30Ft only.  There is a military airport, approximately 5Nm West of Haiphong, with similar runway direction and has often been mistaken for Haiphong. Crew is requested to take extreme caution when making visual approaches into CATBI.  The permitted MTOW at CATBI airport is 68000kgs, due to RAM surface limitation.  GPU and Air Starter are available. (Air-Conditioning Unit is not available)  Immigration and customs facilities are available.  After landing, crew has to go to Flight Information Service office to submit the ATC flight plan and get the updated weather information, NOTAMs…  Any assistant crew can contact: 031 3849242/3728849

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 42
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS . 13. HANOI- (NOIBAI INTL) – VIETNAM

ICAO VVNB

IATA HAN

CAT A

Elev.

RWY 11R 29L 40 Ft UTC+7 11L 29R

LT

Approach type ILS /VOR VOR ILS/VOR/NDB VOR/NDB

Length 3800m 3200m

Width 45m 45m

ALTERNATES VVDN/DAD, VVPB/HUI, VVVH/VIN, VVCI/HPH, VLVT/VTE, ZNNN/NNG TERRAIN

Mountain range is situated to the North, North-West, West and South-West of the airport.

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 43
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS WEATHER 

NOIBAI airport stays in the North of Vietnam, there are four distinguished seasons.  A winter time lasts from around November to April, quite cold and wet. The first and the last month of the year can reach the lowest temperature around 10ºC, sometimes temperature freezes down to 7 or 8ºC. February and March are marked with persistent drizzling rain. During this season, especially early months of year, fog is present quite regularly in the morning.  The wind in this airport is quite stable, and not so strong. From March to August, South east wind is more frequent, while from September to February, wind blows from North East.  Wind speed can gust up to 30kt during rain or thunderstorm but not so frequent.

TAXI  Vacating the runway 11R at S4 may cause a very short taxi then crew should pay attention to observe the minimum engine cooling time.  Follow-me car is available. ARRIVAL AND APPROACH  When approaching from the North, if radar is available, radar vector is expected to left base (intercept from the North) for track shortening. Crew must be aware of high terrain in the north-west side of the airport (refer Radar minimum altitude chart 10-1R). DEPARTURE  Initial cleared flight level will normally be FL150. Crew may expect further climb when contacting Hanoi ACC. COMPANY NOTES

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 44
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

 For any requirement, contact NOC (NB Operation Centre) via telephone number: 0435844395/0915340996.  Or NOIBAI Dispatch: 0435844362  NOIBAI is joint civil and military airport. Approach and departure may be delayed in case of military activities.  Flying over Hanoi city is strictly prohibited, (prohibited zone, VV (P)1).

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 45
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS . 14.

HOCHIMINH-(TSN ITNL AIRPORT)-VIETNAM

ICAO VVTS

IATA SGN

Category A

RWY 25R 07L 33 Ft UTC+7 25L 07R

Elev.

LT

Approach type ILS/VOR/NDB VOR/NDB ILS/VOR/NDB VOR/NDB

Length 3048m 3800m

Width 45m 45m

ALTERNATES VVDN/DAD, VVCR/CXR, VDPP/PNH, VTBS/BKK, VVCT/VCA, VVBM/BMV, VVDL/DLI TERRAIN

The airport is situated approximately 50 miles inland from the Sea and is on a flat river basin with no major obstacles.

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 46
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

WEATHER  HOCHIMINH has two distinct seasons – rainy and dry. The Rainy season is from May to October, while the Dry season runs the rest of the year.  During Rainy season, there are heavy but short lived downpours in the afternoon. It is quite a significant phenomenon to have a lot of CBs cloud around and nearby the city in this period of time. Meanwhile, by the end or beginning of the year, during the Dry season, it is not so cloudy and less rainfall.  In Rainy season, the wind direction is quite stable South West with average surface wind variable form 7 – 10kts, sometimes it can gust up to 35kts following the shower rain. Meanwhile, during the Dry season, the wind is not that strong, around 4 – 15kts but the direction is variable North, North East or South East.  In Dry season, the airport can experience Mist in the morning but not often. TAXI  Delays for taxi may be expected during peak hours due to apron congestion. ARRIVAL AND APPROACH  The preferred arrival runway is 25R.  Normally approach control provides radar vector for all arrivals. DEPARTURE  The preferred departure runway is 25L.  For all departure, SIDs are issued and followed. COMPANY NOTES

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 47
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

 For any requirement, contact TOC (TSN Operation Centre) via telephone number: 0838485839 / 0988437626 or Dispatch Office: 0838441896.  TANSONNHAT is joint civil and military airport. Approach and departure may be delayed in case of military activities.  Flying over HOCHIMINH city is strictly prohibited, (prohibited zone, VV (P)-4).

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 48
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS . 15.
ICAO IATA

HONGKONG (HONGKONG INTL) - CHINA
Category Elev. LT RWY 25R 07L 25L 07R Approach type ILS/VOR ILS/VOR ILS ILS Length Width

VHHH

HKG

A

28 Ft UTC+8

3800m

60m

ALTERNATES VVNB/HAN, ZGGG/CAN, RCKH/KHH, VMMC/MFM TERRAIN

To the East-Southeast, terrain rises to 1527Ft AMSL within 4Nm. To the South, terrain rises to 2851Ft AMSL within 4Nm and 3068Ft AMSL within 3Nm. Across the water to the North the highest point on the mainland is 1962Ft AMSL within 6Nm. To the Northeast the highest point is 1677Ft AMSL within 7Nm.

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 49
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

WEATHER  Due to the proximity of the hilly terrain of LANTAU Island to the South and East of the airport, significant low-level wind shear and moderate to severe turbulence can be expected along the approaches to the departures from both RWYs when winds blow from those hills.  Hong Kong's climate is affected by its tropical coastal location in the South China Sea, the Asian High and the Indian Ocean Monsoon. Annual rainfall is on average 2200mm (85in).  Most typhoons will approach Hong Kong from the SE sector in summer and autumn, particularly in August and September. If typhoon activity is such threatened, the airport may indicate surface winds of 30 -35kt however the 1000ft wind may be at 100Kts. VOLMET Typhoon Warnings: The progressive position is transmitted as a SIGMET on Hong Kong VOLMET (6679KHZ, 8828KHZ and 13282KHZ at H+15 and H+45). NOTE: The surface wind at the airport is generally not a good indicator of the prevailing winds due to terrain and land-sea breeze effects. Instead, wind conditions at approximately 2000ft should be used to assess the likelihood of significant turbulence further down the approach. The significant of turbulence can be expected to increase rather than decrease before touchdown. Wind shear and Turbulence Warning System (WTWS): The Wind shear and Turbulence Warning System (WTWS) and Terminal Doppler Weather Radar continuously monitor low-level wind shear and turbulence induced by terrain and caused by convection within 3Nm of the RWY threshold. Alerts are updated once every minute and passed by the tower controller.

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 50
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

When more than one occurrence of wind shear is detected by the TDWR or WTWS, alerts will be generated by each system based on the highest priority, the maximum loss intensity and the location of the first encounter with any occurrence for that runway. TAXI  Airport is equipped with advance surface movement guidance and control system that utilizes mode S transponder (selected them in XPNDR or Auto). Pilot shall keep transponder working in mode S (if fitted) with assigned mode A code while taxiing in and out on ground. ARRIVAL AND APPROACH  STAR’S are issued and generally adhered to. However, crew should be ready for a possibility of radar vectors for a much shorter approach if traffic volume is light and the weather is good.  RWY 07L/25R is normally used for landing.  Holding sometimes is required due to flow control.  Arriving from Hanoi, crew will expect descend and maintain FL190 or 210 by SIERA. Crew shall contact HKG radar 3 minutes before SIERA (refer to en-route chart). DEPARTURE  Push and start can take a while due to heavy traffic, crew should promptly request for ATC clearance. Once push back/start-up is approved, it will be instructed to push back with color code (e.g. RED (facing East), BLUE (facing West)…). Crew must ensure push back clearance/information is correctly relayed to the ground crew.  RWY 07R/25L is used for takeoff.  Noise Abatement Procedure for Departure RWY07  EOSIDs are available for both runways. Engine out acceleration altitude for RWY 07R should be modified in MCDU PERF page with data from RTOW chart.

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 51
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

 Crew will expect step-climbs from HKG radar when airborne. Report passing altitude and assigned altitude at the first contact with departure. COMPANY NOTES  For any operational inquiry, pilots can contact HONGKONG operation on frequency 131.6MHZ.  All flight documents are brought to the aircraft by the ground handling agents.  Any assistant crew can contact: 85290912874 or 85269226622

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 52
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

. 16.
ICAO VVPB IATA HUI Category A

HUE (PHUBAI) – VIETNAM
RWY 09 48 Ft UTC+7 27 Elev. LT Approach type Circling ILS/VOR/NDB Length 2700m Width 40m

ALTERNATES VVDN/DAD, VVNB/HAN, VVTS/SGN, VVVH/VIN, VVBM/BMT, VVDL/DLI TERRAIN

The airport is located near the coast line with surrounding mountains to the West, South-West and South.

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 53
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS MSA based on HUE VOR is ranging from 3290Ft to 8040Ft. WEATHER

 PHUBAI airport stays in the middle part of VIETNAM, where experiences the weather interpolation between the North and South. Like in the South, there are Dry and Rainy season, but the Dry season normally lasts in the first half of the year and can prolong to the end of summer while contrary in the South. The Rainy season normally starts from September till the year end. Besides, this region annually suffers a lot of tropical cyclones or Low pressures that quite affects the aviation operation.  The wind is mostly from N-NW. Wind speed recorded is not so strong. During the Dry season, the weather is normally fine with less cloud, but due to the cyclone and low pressure, the whole region may be covered with CB clouds including the airport. In hot summer with high temperature, there is no cloud in the morning, but in the afternoon, the temperature inversion can form a widespread area of cloud. While in the Rainy season, less CBs but more stratus cloud makes its temperature lower but raining can last day after day. Sometimes, Fog forming is recorded in the airport, but not so frequent. TAXI  After landing on either runway, taxi to the end of runway then backtrack and vacate via E1 taxiway to the apron. ARRIVAL AND APPROACH  Arrivals from the South are subjected to higher altitudes due to the terrain South and West of the airport. Descent below 8000Ft will not be granted unless aircraft is within 15DME from HUE VOR.  RWY 27 is up-sloped.  Visual approach is normally approved during daytime in good weather.

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 54
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS DEPARTURE

 Crew is requested to strictly adhere to departure clearance and do not turn South early due to high terrain.  Engine-out SID is available for runway 27 only. COMPANY NOTES  ATIS is not available in HUE. Weather information can be obtained from PHUBAI TWR or DANANG APPR.  Crew should be aware while making approach and landing at PHUBAI as there are many AGS level 3 events recorded due to RWY 27 is upsloped and 40m width. (Firm/Hard landing, High slope during approach below 50ft, Low path during approach at 150ft…).  GPU and Air Starter are available. (Air-Conditioning Unit is not available)  After landing, crew has to go to Flight Information Service office to submit the ATC flight plan and get the updated weather information, NOTAM…  Any assistant, contact: 054 3824709/ 054 3861 730

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 55
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS . 17. JAKARTA (TBU)

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 56
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS . 18.
ICAO RCKH IATA KHH

KAOHSIUNG (KAOHSIUNG INTL) - TAIWAN
Category A Elev. 31Ft RWY 09 UTC+8 27 LT Approach type ILS/NDB/RNP LOC/NDB/RNP Length 3150m Width 60m

ALTERNATES RCTP/TPE, VHHH/HKG, ZGGG/CAN TERRAIN

KAOHSIUNG is a coastal airport. High terrain is to the East of the airport, with the city also being located in the North. The MSA is 11200Ft on the East and 3000Ft on the West. WEATHER

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 57
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

 The weather is subtropical with local storm and heavy shower rain during summer. TAXI  Straight forward taxi with a “follow me” car to guide aircraft to the parking bay, normally gate 21-26 is assigned for VNA aircraft. ARRIVAL AND APPROACH  Tracking directly to KIZIN could be expected after established contact with Kaohsiung APPR.  The preferential runway is RWY 09.  Usually strong tail wind is experienced during descent. DEPARTURE  Departing from RWY 09 requires an early right turn due to terrain ahead and thereafter. However, Aircraft departing from RWY 09 shall not commence right turn until passing the departure end of runway 09 (Jeppesen chart 10-4).  Engine-out SID is available for RWY 09. COMPANY NOTES  Crew is requested not to start the APU after landing. Using GPU, airconditioning unit are mandatory.  For any operational inquiry, contact Dynasty Operation on frequency 131.65MHZ.  All flight documents are brought to the aircraft by ground handling agents.  To be filled as an alternate, KAOHSIUNG requires higher planning minimum (refer to Jeppesen chart 10-9A).  Any assistant, contact: 886 7805 7875/ 886 7227 0209

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 58
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS . 19.
ICAO VVCR IATA CXR

KHANH HOA (CAMRANH) – VIETNAM
Category A Elev. 43Ft LT UTC+7 RWY 02 20 Approach type VOR/DME VOR/DME Length 3048m Width 45m

ALTERNATES VVTS/SGN, VVDN/DAD, VVBM/ BMV, VVDL/DLI TERRAIN

There is very high terrain on the North, West and South of the runway. The MSA is based on CRA VOR and is 7550 feet on the West and 5420 feet on the East.

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 59
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

WEATHER  Camranh airport situates closely to the sea. This region has Dry and Rainy season, the Rainy season lasts from May to November, while the Dry season runs the rest of the year. The average temperature is around 25ºC to 30ºC, sometime it can reach 35ºC in a very hot day.  From the beginning of the year till August, rain is not so frequent. This airport has rarely faced with low clouds, CBs cloud that prevents the aviation operation. During the Wet season, there are heavy but short lived downpours. They have also recorded a low rainfall volume in this period, just about 3 or 4 days every month.  In summer time, from April to August, wind mostly blows South or South East, while its direction changes to North and North East in the remaining of the year. Main runway in use for landing in this airport is runway 20.  TAXI  Follow TWR instructions strictly to parking. Follow me car is available on request. ARRIVAL AND APPROACH  Visual approach are provisionally prohibited at CAMRANH airport (by VNA)  Arriving from the South, initial level clearance is to FL110 by ATC and further descent is expected from CXR TWR. However, due to high terrain, descent will only be given to 8000Ft until over CRA. Arrivals are sometimes delayed or held at higher levels as effect by military activity.

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 60
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

 For straight-in VORDME approach RWY20 (from the North), crew shall follow the following procedure:

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 61
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS  

Because of high terrain in the North of Camranh airport (MEA=9900ft and Grid MORA=10400ft), all flights from Hanoi shall be cleared FL100 till D25 of CRA VOR. Approaching D25 of CRA VOR, aircraft must be at least in configuration 2 and ready for a very steep descent (from 10.000Ft to 1900Ft at FAF in approximately 18Nm).

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 62
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

 VOR APP RYW 02 takes extreme caution in speed and distance control (do not exceed 10nm from CRA VOR and max IAS speed is 165kts during base turn), PAPI RWY 02 is 3o while final descent path is 3.5o.

DEPARTURE  If no military activity, CXR ATC is quite flexible and will approve VMC departures in good weather condition.  Engine-out SID is available for RWY 20 only. Maximum engine out acceleration altitude for RWY 20 should be modified in MCDU PERF page with data from RTOW chart. COMPANY NOTES  Military activities are frequent in the area, therefore delays and rerouting could be expected.  ATIS is not available in CAMRANH. Weather information can only be obtained from CAMRANH TWR or HOCHIMINH ACC. However due to terrain around the airport, contact with CAMRANH TWR can only be established quite late.  After landing, crew has to go to Flight Information Service office to submit the ATC flight plan and get the updated weather information, NOTAM.  GPU and Air Starter are available. (Air-Conditioning Unit is not available)  For Any assistant crew can contact: 058 3826768/3816 377

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 63
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS . 20.

KUALA LUMPUR (KUALALUMPUR INTL-SEPANG) MALAYSIA
IATA Category Elev. LT RWY 14L 32R 14R 32L Approach type ILS/VOR ILS/VOR ILS/RNAV ILS/RNAV Length 4019m 60m 4000m Width

ICAO

WMKK

KUL

A

70Ft UTC+8

ALTERNATES WSSS/SIN, WMKP/PEN TERRAIN

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 64
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

Terrain is to the North of the airport and the MSA is 5300Ft on the North-East and 2200Ft on the South-West. WEATHER  Titiwangsa Mountains in the East and Indonesia's Sumatra Island in the West, Kualalumpur has a year-round equatorial climate which is warm and sunny, along with plentiful rainfall, especially during the Southwest monsoon from September to April.  Dust particles from forest fires on nearby Sumatra Island sometimes create a phenomenon known as the haze. This usually lasts for 1 to 2 weeks. TAXI  Coded taxi routings are used.  Usually during taxi Lumpur Ground asks for registration number and POB figure. ARRIVAL ANDAPPROACH  Lumpur control issue STAR’s and they adhere to them. Possibilities of short cuts are available when less traffic and weather is good.  Pilot may expect the speed control instruction from ATC prior to Top of Descent (refer JEPPESEN chart 20-2)  Normally RWY 32L/14R is used for landing, but RWY change could be expected. DEPARTURE  SID’s are issued to and adhered to. However, Lumpur Control is very accommodating when bad weather is at or near the airport.  Crew will report SID, passing altitude and assigned altitude at the first contact with departure.  Normally RWY 32R/14L is used for takeoff, but RWY change could be expected.

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 65
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS COMPANY NOTES

 Ground handling provides maintenance support.  For any operational inquiry, pilots can contact Lumpur Operation on frequency 132.75 or 13.75MHZ.  All flight documents are brought to the aircraft by the ground handling agents.  For any assistant crew can contact:  VNA airport office: +60 3 8776 4620/ 8787 3698

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 66
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS . 21.
ICAO ZPPP IATA KMG Category B

KUNMING (WUJIABA) - CHINA
Elev. LT RWY 03 6217 UTC+8 Ft 21 Approach type ILS/VOR/NDB ILS/NDB Length 3400m Width 45m

ALTERNATES VVNB/HAN, ZGNN/NNG, ZHK, CKG TERRAIN

Wujiaba Airport is located North-West of a big lake and surrounded by high terrain all around. The MSA is 10700Ft on the South-West sector and 11500Ft on the North and East sector.

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 67
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS WEATHER

 KMG has quite good weather all the year around. It is cool with the temperature is about 20-25ºC all the year around.  Strong wind is always experienced. Due to the mountains around, light to moderate turbulence is normally expected. TAXI  Simple taxi procedures with a “Follow me” car will direct you to the parking bay. ARRIVAL ANDAPPROACH  STARs will be issued and adhered to. During period of light traffic, ATC may radar vector for a shorter approach if weather conditions permit.  During approach, stick to the procedure altitude constraints due to terrain around. DEPARTURE     CONF 2 is preferred for takeoff because of high airport elevation. SIDs will be issued and adhered to. Start up clearance is received only after push back is completed. Engine-out SID is available for both runways. Engine out acceleration altitude for RWY 21 should be modified in MCDU PERF page with data from RTOW chart.

COMPANY NOTES  Metric unit is used in China airspace. Crew is requested to take extreme caution when using the Meter-Foot conversion table.  Fuel price is quite high in KMG. Take fuel tankering if possible.

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 68
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

 All flight documents are brought to the aircraft by the ground handling agents.  For any assistant crew can contact: - VNA town office: +86 871 3159986/3159799 - Airport office: +86 87 1315 7175

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 69
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS .22. MANILA – THE PHILLIPINES (TBU)

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 70
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS . 23. MUMBAI (TBU)

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 71
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

. 24.
ICAO RJGG IATA NGO

NAGOYA (CHUBU CENTRAIR INTL) – JAPAN
CAT A Elev. 12 Ft LT UTC+9 RWY 36 18 APPR type ILS ILS Length 3500m Width 60m

ALTERNATES RJAA (TOKYO-Narita), RJBB (KANSAI-OSAKA) TERRAIN

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 72
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

NAGOYA (CHUBU CENTRAIR INTL) is located in the isolated area as a small island. There is no high terrain around the airport. But there is high range of mountain on arrival STAR with highest peak approximately 6500 feet. WEATHER  Weather normally suitable for take-off and landing runway 36.Both runways 36 and 18 are in good condition with ILS equipped.  During winter, the weather is cold and misty. TAXI  There are wide and standard taxi ways with good signs system in CHUBU CENTRAIR INTL. ARRIVAL  If runway 36 is in use SOUTH ARC ARRIVAL (20-2B) is expected.  If runway 18 is in use NORTH ARC ARRIVAL (20-2A) is expected.  But RADAR VECTOR is most likely to be expected. DEPARTURE  ATC normally give us LAKE FOUR DEP (20-3G) for both runways 36 and 18. This SID is simpler than LAKE REVERSAL 2 DEP (20-3H). COMPANY NOTES  Crew is requested not to start the APU after landing. Using GPU, airconditioning unit are mandatory. Started 15 minutes before ETD  For ARRIVAL:  Hotel for VNA crew is NAGOYA TOKYU HOTEL. Time from airport to Hotel is about 30 minutes. According to VNA contract with the hotel, rooms for our crews will available after 9am (LT).We would be expected of about 1 hour waiting for our rooms.

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 73
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

During waiting, tea and coffee will be served freely at crew lounge on 9th floor.  For DEPARTURE:  VNA check-in counter is on 3rd floor and at row J.  Crew has to go to JAL Information Service office to get flight documents (ask ground staff the way to go and gate access code).  For any operational inquiry, pilots can contact JAL Operation on frequency: 132.05  For any assistant crew can contact: - VNA town office: +81-52583 5171 - Airport office: +81-56938 8981

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 74
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS . 25. OSAKA (KANSAI INTL) – JAPAN

ICAO RJBB

IATA KIX

CAT A

Elev. 17 Ft

LT UTC+9

RWY 06L/24R 06R/24L

APPR type ILS ILS

Length 3679/3651 3185/344

Width 60m

ALTERNATES RJGG/NGO, RJAA/NRT, RJFF/FUK TERRAIN

OSAKA (KANSAI INTL) AIRPORT is located on an artificial island at exorbitant coast, 50 km from OSAKA centre, 6km offshore into OSAKA bay. There is no high terrain around the airport. WEATHER

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 75
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

 OSAKA has a relatively mild climate with 4 distinct seasons, average precipitation(1,138mm) peaks during the rainy season when usually between JUN till late of JUL and in SEP during typhoon season.  During winter, the weather is cold and misty. TAXI  There are wide and standard taxi ways with good signs system. ARRIVAL  STARs are available but RADAR vector is most likely to be expected. Normally RWY 06R or RWY 24L are used for landing.  Crew are requested to follow strictly noise abatement procedure for arrival when extend CONFIG for landing (partly from JEPPESEN chart 20-4). DEPARTURE  MAIKO 5 departure for both RWY 06 and RWY 24 are given then RADAR vector to join the airway after departure frequency (119.2MHZ) is established. COMPANY NOTES  Crew is requested not to start the APU after landing. Using GPU, airconditioning unit are mandatory. Started 15 minutes before ETD  VNA check-in counter is at row E in terminal 2.  Crew has to go to JAL Information Service office to submit the fuel figure and get all flight documents.  For any assistant crew can contact: +81 64708 0900/7245 68931

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 76
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS . 26.
ICAO VDPP IATA PNH

PHNOMPENH (PHNOMPENH INTL) - CAMBODIA
Category A Elev. 40Ft RWY 23 UTC+7 05 LT Approach type ILS/VOR/NDB VOR Length 3000m Width 45m

ALTERNATES VVTS/SGN, VDSR/REP, VTBS/BKK, VVBM/BMV TERRAIN

PHNOMPENH airport is situated in the Mekong Delta with little terrain or obstructions surrounding it. However, the MSA to the West is 3600 Ft. WEATHER

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 77
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

 PNH has a tropical monsoon climate with local storm in the afternoon. TAXI  180 degree turn on the runway is allowed only in 3 areas: beginning of RWY 23 and RWY 05, and at 630m from RWY 05 threshold.  Due to short taxi in and out time, crew should pay attention on minimum engine cooling and warm up time.

ARRIVAL AND APPROACH  No STARs available. Crew may normally expect track direct to IAF.  Radar Vectors can be provided for intercepting final.  Visual approach is normally approved in good weather. DEPARTURE  No SID is available.  Radar vectors on departure are about 10Nms south of the airfield before a left turn on course is granted.  Engine-out SID is available for RWY 23. COMPANY NOTES  ATC is quite helpful.  PHNOMPENH airport operation hour is 23h00 – 17h00UTC.  Fuel price in PNH much higher than in Vietnam, take fuel tankering if possible.  All flight documents are brought to the aircraft by the ground handling agents.  For any assistant crew can contact: +855 1227 2714/ 23 890 210

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 78
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS . 27. SEOUL (INCHEON INTL) – KOREA
ICAO IATA Category Elev. LT RWY Approach type ILS ILS ILS ILS

Length 4000m 3750m

Width 60m 60m

RKSI

ICN

A

16 34 23 Ft UTC+9 15L/33R 15R/33L

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 79
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS ALTERNATES: RKSS/GMP, RKPK/PUS, RKTN/RTN TERRAIN

INCHEON airport is located at flat area, west of Incheon on Yeongjong-Yongyu islands on the west coast about 60 km from the Seoul centre.There are no high terrain surround airport. WEATHER  Incheon features a continental climate with 4 clearly defined seasons. It offers scorching summer and freezing winter.  Summer, from July till the end of August is hottest and wettest of the year with heavy showers at times but often clearing quickly and rarely spoiling much of the day.  Winter WX much colder at December with temperature drop to 0º by day and frosty spells at night, early morning the poor visibility and low ceiling of cloud is a regular occurrence. TAXI

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 80
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

 The taxi way lightings at Incheon International Airport (as well as the runway light) are tied into special computers at the control tower. Air Traffic Controllers can provide progressive taxiing to an aircraft by setting the computer to manipulate the taxi and runway lights so that it will lead you to designated gate or parking stand.VNA aircraft normally parks at concourse A gate 10x. ARRIVAL AND APPROACH  All runways are equipped with ILS CAT IIIB at both sides allowing for operation in visibility conditions as low as 50 meters.  RWY 15R/33L is used mostly for passenger aircraft arrivals  STARs are issued and adhered to but normally Radar vector for intercepting final course is expected.  After landing, all aircrafts are required to vacate quickly the RWY follow “Rapid Exit taxiways”. DEPARTURE  Takeoffs of most passenger flights are done on the new RWY 16/34 and the existing RWY 15R/33L while RWY 15L/33R is mostly used for cargo flights for its proximity with the cargo terminals.  Normally VNA aircraft will be cleared to follow RADAR 3D departure RWY 34 or RADAR 4U for RWY 16.  Noise abatement procedures:  RWY 33L/R, 34: NAP ONE.  RWY 15L/R, 16: NAP TWO.  EOSIDs are available for RWY 33L/R and 34. COMPANY NOTES  Pilot is requested to take extreme caution not to penetrate prohibited and restricted areas around the airport.  All flight documents are brought to the check-in counter (terminal A) by the ground handling agents.  For any assistant crew can contact:

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 81
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS - VNA town office: +82 2 757 8920/011 - Airport office: +82 32 744 6565/6

\

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 82
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS .28.
ICAO IATA

SHANGHAI (PUDONG INTL) – CHINA
Category Elev. LT RWY 16 34 17R/35L Approach type ILS ILS ILS/VOR Length 3800m 3400 Width 60m 60m

ZSPD

PVG

A

13 Ft UTC+9

ALTERNATES: ZSSS/SHA, ZHHH/WUH

PUDONG airport is located at flat area about 30 km from the city centre, adjacent to the coastline in the Eastern edge of PUDONG district, 40 km East of HONGQIAO airport. WEATHER  Shanghai has a subtropical maritime monsoon climate with 4 distinct seasons. Overall, Shanghai WX is mild and moist with low level of

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 83
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

clouds year round. August and September typhoon can bring heavy rain in their wake. TAXI  Normally VNA aircraft will park at gate 60-64 or 80-84 at terminal 2. There are predetermined taxi routes. But ATC may give individual taxi routes depending on traffics. Long taxi time is normally expected for departure (around 20-30 minutes or more) due to high volume of traffic. ARRIVAL AND APPROACH  ATC usually requires to an early speed reduction, early descent at required Vs due to high volume of traffic.  Normally RWY 16 and RWY 34 are used for landing. STARs are issued and adhered to but Radar vector for intercepting final course is normally expected.  After landing, all aircrafts are required to vacate the RWY as soon as possible. DEPARTURE  ATC always clears stepped climbs.  Normally VNA aircraft will be cleared for takeoff on RWY 35R or 17L. COMPANY NOTES  Metric unit is used in China airspace. Crew is requested to take extreme caution when using the Meter-Foot conversion table. Due to high volume of traffic and departure priority normally given to Chinese air-carriers, it is pertinent to carry extra fuel for your departure and arrival.  All flight documents are brought to the aircraft by the ground handling agents.  For any assistant crew can contact: +86 13817956480/ 15000771749

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 84
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS . 29.
ICAO VDSR IATA REP CAT A

SIEM REAP (SRE) - CAMBODIA
Elev. 59 ft LT UTC+7 RWY 05 APPR type ILS/VOR Length 2550m Width 45m

ALTERNATES VDPP/PNH, VVTS/SGN, VTBS/SVB TERRAIN

SIEMREAP is located near Angkor WAT temple. The surrounding terrain is flat. However, there is a prohibited area to the East of the airport, right at the end of RWY 05, which is the Angkor WAT temples and must not be over flown under any circumstances. A large lake to the south can also affect local weather conditions.

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 85
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

WEATHER  SIEMREAP has tropical weather year round, with high humidity and thunderstorms in the rainy season. Very often large storms can be expected in the area in the afternoon.  Sometimes tailwind can be out of limits for landing or take off. TAXI  There are 2 taxiways to the apron. It is preferred to vacate at taxiway B. The apron itself is small and can become congested at peak hours. Delays could be expected.  Marshaller waits in bay to signal you in. ARRIVAL AND APPROACH Note: Only RWY 05 is available for arrival because of Angkor-Wat temple location.  Crew is normally expected tracking direct SIVON for ILS approach RWY 05.  When there are aircrafts departing from RWY 23, expect delays and possible late descent clearance on approach.  Tailwind approaches are very common. Crew must be very careful with reported tailwind from the TWR as it has been known to be undermeasured. Check your actual wind on short final.  Visual approach is normally approved in good weather. DEPARTURE Note: Only RWY 23 is available for departure because of Angkor-Wat temple location.  There is no SID. Expect altitude and heading restrictions to avoid Angkor WAT temples or inbound traffics.  Crews will be cleared for en-route by approach control.

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 86
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

COMPANY NOTES  The PAPI for RWY 05 is located at about 150m from the RWY threshold. Keep in mind that following 2-Red-2-White flight path, a/c will cross the RWY threshold at about 20-30Ft only.  SIEMRIEP airport operation hour is 23h00 – 17h00UTC.  GPU and Air Starter are available. (Air-Conditioning Unit is not available). The Air Starter Unit is just a high pressure air tank which can provide 2-3 start attempts.  Fuel price in REP is much higher than in Vietnam, Take fuel tankering if possible.  All flight documents are brought to the aircraft by the ground handling agents.  For any assistant crew can con tact: +8559 7970 6999/ 7550 2268

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 87
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS . 30.
ICAO IATA

SINGAPORE (CHANGI) – SINGAPORE
Elev. LT RWY 20R Approach type ILS/RNAV ILS/RNAV ILS/VOR ILS/VOR Length 4000m 4000m Width 60m 60m

Category

WSSS

SIN

A

22 Ft UTC+8

02L 20C 02C

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 88
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS ALTERNATES WMKK/KUL, WIDD/BTM TERRAIN

CHANGI airport is located in a quite flat area. The highest MSA is 3400ft to the North-West. WEATHER  Singapore is located at North of the Equator near Lat 1.5 deg N and Long 104 deg E. Because of its geographical location and maritime exposure, its climate is characterized by uniform temperature and pressure, high humidity and abundant rainfall. The climate of Singapore

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 89
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

 

can be divided into two main seasons, the Northeast Monsoon and the Southwest Monsoon season, separated by two relatively short intermonsoon periods. North-East Monsoon Season starts from December to early March. North-East winds prevail, sometimes reaching 10kts. Cloudy conditions in December and January with frequent afternoon showers. Probability of widespread moderate to heavy rain occur lasting from 1 to 3 days at a stretch. It is relatively drier in February till early March. Also generally windy with wind speeds sometimes reaching 15 to 20kts in the months of January and February. Pre South-West Monsoon is from late March to May. The wind is light and variable with afternoon and early evening showers often with thunder. South-West Monsoon Season starts from June to September. SouthEast/South-West winds prevail. Isolated to scattered late morning and early afternoon showers are expected. Early morning 'Sumatra' line squalls are common. Pre North-East Monsoon is from October to November. The wind is light and variable. Scattered showers with thunder in the late afternoon and early evening

TAXI  A complex taxi ways net is available and easy to follow. The taxi ways are identified by the letter E plus a progressive figure at East of the field, by the letter W plus a progressive figure at West of the field. The links between the E-W taxiways are called NC stands for North-cross and SC - for South-cross. The ground control gives clear taxi clearance.  All taxiways have centerline lighting (in Green). At night time, the taxi clearance would be: “…follow the Green line to….”  NOTAMs are to be consulted on each flight as there is a lot of runway and taxiway construction.

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 90
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

ARRIVAL AND APPROACH  P-RNAV STARs are available only, non RNP 1/ P-RNAV approved aircraft shall fly arrival procedure as a basic B-RNAV procedure or expect radar vectors from ATC. PASPU is the usual STAR for flights coming from the North.  STARs are issued and generally adhered to. ATC will often cancel STARs though and issue radar vectors if weather is inclement and traffic is heavy. DEPARTURE  Due to the airport location, take off 1st or 2nd segments could be temporary affected by vessels moving along shipping channel and modifying the runway obstacle envelop. Minimum Climb Gradient should be considered on takeoff as indicated in the specific charts.  ATC will report the ship’s height moving along the northern channel, take off performance should be computed in accordance.  P-RNAV SIDs are available only, non RNP 1/ P-RNAV approved aircraft shall fly departure procedure as a basic B-RNAV procedure or expect radar vectors from ATC. MERSING is the usual SID for Northbound flights.  SIDs are issued and adhered to. ATC are very accommodating with deviation requests for weather avoidance. COMPANY NOTES Note: RWY 02R/20L (CHANGI east RWY) is for military aircraft only.  ATC clearance: in accordance with Flight Level Assignment Scheme for Pacific Ocean, all flight departing from SINGAPORE via airway L642, joining M753 will be assigned FL280, 310, 350 or 390. When obtaining ATC clearance, pilot should request the appropriate flight level.

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 91
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

 For any operational inquiry, pilots can contact SAT Operation on frequency 131.22 MHZ.  All flight documents are brought to the aircraft by the ground handling agents.  For any assistant crew can contact: - VNA town office: +65 6835 3128 - Airport office: +65 6542 2181

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 92
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS . 31.
ICAO IATA

TAIPEI (TAOYUAN INTL) – TAIWAN
CAT Elev. LT RWY 05 23 APPR type ILS/VOR/ NDB/GPS ILS/VOR/ GPS ILS/NDB/ GPS ILS/GPS Length 3660m Width 60m

RCTP

TPE

A

106 Ft

UTC+8 06 24

3350m

60m

ALTERNATES RCKH/KHH, VHHH/HKG, RCSS/TSA TERRAIN

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 93
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

TAIPEI is located on the coast line, North of Taiwan. There are a lot of mountains on the East and South of the airport. The highest obstacle is 3675’ mountain, located on bearing 070º at about 17Nm from the airport. The MSA is 2200Ft to the North and West, 6200Ft to the East and 8500Ft to the South. WEATHER  Taipei has 4 seasons. During summer, the weather is normally good with possible local storm in the afternoon. Because of geographical location, TAIPEI is affected by a lot of typhoons. Due to high mountains around, the typhoon in Taipei is very strong with strong wind and shower rain.  During spring and autumn, the weather is quite good with light wind.  During winter, it is cold and windy. It is normally cloudy and rainy for a few days after cold air mass is coming, the weather will get better with clear sky and good visibility.  Due to high mountains around, strong wind will cause light to moderate turbulence during approach and landing. TAXI  There is simple and straight forward taxi clearance.  Normally VNA aircraft uses parking stands A1, A2 or A4. ARRIVAL AND APPROACH  Both basic and RNAV STARs are available. For flight from HAN and SGN, normally TONGA xx RNAV arrival is issued and adhered to.  During periods of heavy traffic, radar vectors will be given. For landing RWY 23/24, aircraft will be vectored to the North of the airport until final interception.  Very often aircraft is requested to descend and slowed down early due to traffics.

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 94
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS DEPARTURE

 Both basic and RNAV SIDs are available. Normally AJENT and SIKOU SIDs are issued and adhered to.  ATC are very accommodating with weather deviations and dependent on traffic volume, requests such as “direct to….” will be given. Noise abatement procedure is applied for all departures (Refer to JEPRPESEN Airway manual) COMPANY NOTES  To be filled as an alternate, TPE requires higher planning minimum (refer to JEPPESEN chart 20-9A).  For any operational inquiry, pilots can contact Dynasty Operation on frequency 131.3MHZ. During flight preparation, pilots are also requested to contact Dynasty Operation to provide fuel figures.  Visas not required for crew on General Declaration Form.  For any assistant crew can contact: +886 9331 00327/ 922 925239

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 95
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

. 32.
ICAO RJAA IATA NRT CAT A

TOKYO (NARITA INTL) – JAPAN
RWY 34L/16R 135 Ft UTC+9 34R/16L Elev. LT APPR type ILS ILS Length 2906/3660m 2155/2131m Width 60M 60M

ALTERNATES RJTT (TOKYO-HANEDA), RJGG (NGO) TERRAIN

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 96
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

NARITA is an international airport serving the Greater Tokyo Area of Japan. It is located 57.5 km east of Tokyo Station and 7 km east-southeast of Narita Station in the city of Narita, with some portions extending into the adjacent town of Shibayama. There is no high terrain surround the airport. WEATHER  Weather normally has strong cross wind with thunderstorm and rainy during summer time.  During winter, the weather is cold and misty. TAXI  Unless otherwise requested, the standard taxi routes for departure and arrival are instructed by ATC using route names and must be followed strictly. Crews are normally requested to use ATC transponder in mode S on ground from commencing pushback for departure and until aircraft stops at the arrival gate. ARRIVAL  Normally runway 16R and 34L are used for landing followed RNAVSTAR. But RADAR VECTOR is most likely to be expected.  Be aware that usable runway lengths are limited (2131m for RWY 16L and 2155m for RWY 34R) with strong and gusting wind sometime.  Crew is requested to strictly apply “Gear down operation during an approach to RWY 34” which is stated on ILS approach chart (refer JEPPESEN chart 21-3/4/5/6) DEPARTURE  Normally runway 16R or 34L are used for takeoff followed PAPAS 2 RNAV departure, noise abatement procedures is applied for both runways. Flight track are monitored strictly 24h/day (JEPPESEN chart 20-4/4a).

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 97
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

 Any track deviation from the flight corridors as mention above have to immediate inform ATC with the reasons and back on track as soon as possible. COMPANY NOTES  Crew is requested not to start the APU after landing. Using GPU, airconditioning unit are mandatory. Started 15 minutes before ETD.  Flight documents are available at the check-in counter.  For any operational inquiry, pilots can contact DELTA airline Operation on frequency: 131.7 MHZ  For any assistant crew can contact: - VNA town office: +81 3 3508 1481 - Airport office: +81 4 7630 0011

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 98
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS . 33.
ICAO VLVT IATA VTE

VIENTIANE (WATTAY INTL) – LAOS
Elev. LT RWY 13 31 Approach type ILS/VOR Circling Length 3000m Width 45m

Category A

564Ft UTC+7

ALTERNATES VVNB/HAN, VTBS/BKK, VTCC /CNX TERRAIN

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 99
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

VIENTIANE airport is located on the North Mekong river bank, which is the border between Laos and Thailand. The Vientiane city is on the South-East of the airport, very close to RWY 31 threshold. High terrain is rising towards North-West and North of the airport. There are numbers of high hills along the final approach path of RWY 13. WEATHER  Vientiane has fairly good weather all the year around. In summer, afternoon thunderstorm could be expected. Due to the mountains around, on the West and North of the airport there are frequent CBs.  In winter, it is sometimes misty and foggy during sunrise time. TAXI  There is very simple and straight forward taxi clearance.  In case of landing RWY 13, because of short taxi time, crew should pay attention to observe the minimum engine cooling down time. ARRIVAL AND APPROACH  Due to Vientiane city location, normally RWY 13 is used for landing.  Adhere to step descent altitude constraints due to terrain.  Very few traffic operate in and out of VTE and normally you are alone in the procedure.  Visual approach is normally approved in good weather. DEPARTURE  Due to Vientiane city location, normally RWY 31 is used for takeoff.  Departure RWY 13 requires immediate turn after takeoff to avoid over flying Vientiane city.  Engine-out SID is available for RWY 31. COMPANY NOTES

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 100
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

 All flight documents are brought to the aircraft by the ground handling agents.  Fuel price in Vientiane is much higher than in Vietnam, Take fuel tankering if possible.  For any assistant crew can contact: +85620555 11684/ 26374

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 101
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

. 34.

VINH (VINH) – VIETNAM

ICAO VVVH

IATA VIN

Category A

Elev. 20Ft

LT UTC+7

RWY 17 35

Approach type ILS/VOR/NDB VOR

Length 2400m

Width 45m

ALTERNATES VVNB/HAN, VVDN/DAD, VVCI/HPH, VVPB/HUI TERRAIN

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 102
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

VINH is located on the coast line with some high ground to the North, South and West. High terrain is on the South-West of the airport. There is a hill located on final approach to RWY 17. WEATHER  This airport stays in the North Central. There are some significant points about this one. The summer and winter weather is quite distinct. From April to October, summer time with hot temperature together with high humidity and West wind from Laos can make climate uncomfortable. High temperature can reach 40ºC in a hottest day, especially in October. However, after that period, temperature cools down. During winter time, temperature can sink down to 13ºC.  This wind during summer time is West hot wind, mostly from Laos. Sometimes, wind can blow South West or North West. In winter time, under the affect of North East monsoon, wind changes to North, rarely North West direction. Moreover, they can observe lots of cloud of CB can be forming in this region due to the North East Monsoon. That’s reason why more cloud appears in winter season.  Low temperature with light wind in the morning makes Fog forming and lasts very long, even to the mid-noon. By the year end, aviation operation in this airport is so poor with lots of diversion due to low visibility. TAXI  Taxiways E1 and E2 are available.  In case of landing RWY 17 or takeoff RWY 35, because of short taxi time, crew should pay attention to observe the minimum engine cooling/warm up time. ARRIVAL AND APPROACH  Visual approach is normally approved in good weather.

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 103
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

 Crew is requested to strict adhere to arrival and approach procedures.  RWY 17: ILS is available  VORD/ME approach: Due to high ground at the FAF, strict adherence to the vertical profile is required. When approaching FAF, a high rate of descent may result in a GPWS terrain warning.  Final approach course is deviated 6º from RWY centerline.  The VORDME approach procedure is designed with high descent angle, straight over the urban area.  RWY 35: Landing on RWY 35 is not allowed by the airport authority because of a church’s location on short final RWY 35. DEPARTURE  SIDs are issued and adhered to.  Due to terrain, it could be preferable to use RWY 17 if condition permits.  EOSIDs are available for both runways. COMPANY NOTES  ATIS is not available in VINH. Weather information can be obtained from VINH TWR or HOCHIMINH/HANOI ACC.  Runway light, approach light and PAPI are available for RWY17 only.  GPU and Air Starter are available. (Air-Conditioning Unit is not available)  After landing, crew has to go to Flight Information Service office to submit the ATC flight plan and get the updated weather information, NOTAMs…  For any assistant crew can contact: 038 3852777/3847 359

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 104
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS . 35.
ICAO VYYY IATA RGN

YANGON (YANGON INTL) - MYANMAR
CAT A Elev. LT RWY 21 03 APPR type ILS/VOR NDB Length 3414m Width 60m

109 Ft UTC+6H30

ALTERNATES VTCC, VLVT/VTN, VVNB/HAN TERRAIN

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 105
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

YANGON airport stays in the North of MINGALADON city. Highest terrain about 500ft is at North West of RWY. Take care of Prohibited area (city) at the East of the airport. WEATHER  Climate in this area is quite distinct. Two seasons (Rainy and Dry) are apparently identical. From April to October, rain occurs quite frequently. Sometimes in July, rain lasts days after days, and almost whole month. Just from November till next March, rain seems to disappear and thunderstorm rarely happens.  During Dry season, rain can come together with thunderstorm, especially in the afternoon, that results in very gusty wind, sometimes 45kt gusting and risk of windshear.

TAXI  Taxi here is very simple with parallel taxi way (A) which can lead to main apron from both RWY ends. ARRIVAL  ILSDME approach RWY 21 is preferred. The runway has NO high intensity approach light HIALs, but RL and REIL are available, PAPI is installed on the left of rwy.  RWY 21 is up-sloped which results in short RWY feeling. Care should be made during take-off and landing.  Strictly follow Glide slope signal. If not it may trigger TOO LOW TERRAIN or PULL UP PULL UP order due to terrain below.  Circling to land RWY 03 is authorized to the West of Airport, for approach only NDB approach and PAPI is available DEPARTURE

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

6/P 106
Rev 01 07/12/2011

AIRPORT & ROUTE BRIEFINGS

 Departure from the RWY 21: Threshold of RWY 03 cannot be seen until aircraft approaches within a distance of 492ft-820ft from it. COMPANY NOTES  Bird activity is in the area around.  GPU and Air Starter are available. (Air-Conditioning Unit is not available)  The TWR controller is not so good at English, greatly affected by native accent, so speak slowly and clearly, assure a two way comprehensive communication.  For any assistant crew can contact: +95 - 9503 4609/1 255 066

A.320/1 ROUTE MANUAL

7/P 1
Rev 01 07/12/2011

ALTERNATE DATA

Intentionally Blank Page