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@Chemical, water-base cleaners are often used for very Dirty greasy parts If used: B A.

the surface must be subsequently cleaned with a solvent cleaner. B. the surface must be thoroughly rinsed free of any residue. C. heat must be used to ensure the removal of any Detergents from surface openings. D. the surfaces must be subsequently cleaned with a Volatile solvent cleaner. @Generally, vapor degreasing is considered to be one of the methods of preparing a part for Liquid penetrant inspection because: B A. it totally removes all surface contaminants. B. the solvent vapor removes all petroleum based materials. C. the method is easily adapted to virtually any size of the part. D. the solvent vapor removes all inorganic soils. @When penetrant is applied to parts by dipping, the parts should be: C A. left in the tank during the entire dwell time. B. set aside until the dwell time is up. C. placed on a rack designed to return any excess drainage to the dipping station. D. placed in the alkaline solvent rinse tank immediately. @Penetrant stations having reservoir tanks with recovery systems incorporated: A A. does not need an agitation system because penetrants are homogeneous. B. should have an agitation system to prevent the settling of possible contaminants. C. does not need an agitation system as penetrants are pasteurized. D. does not need an agitation system because organic contaminants are not present.

@When removing penetrant from the surface by spray water washes, penetrant in a crack Would be harder to remove if it has: B

A. low viscosity B. high viscosity C. medium viscosity D. Viscosity is not important.

@the most desirable objectives governing the cleaning Operations when removing surface Penetrant are to: D A. remove little penetrant from defects and a minimum of residual penetrant remaining on The surface. B. remove little penetrant from a defect and no residual penetrant remaining on the surface. C. removes no penetrant from defects and leaves a minimum of residual on the part surface. D. removes no penetrant from defects and leaves no penetrant on the part surface. @The best method of removing the excess water-washable penetrant is to: D A. immediately immerse the part in the water rinse tank. B. Use water running directly from a tap. C. boil in hot water or steam spray. D. use a hose and nozzle with forceful droplets. @The sensitivity of wet developers can be seriously impaired: B A. when the developer temperature is greater than the ambient temperature. B. when the thickness of the coating becomes too heavy. C. if the corrosion inhibitors are added to the developer. D. if the surface of the part is polished. @When is a non-aqueous wet developer generally preferred? B A. When the dryer oven temperature is above 250 degrees F.

B. When it is essential to obtain as smooth and as even a coating as possible. C. When using a fluorescent penetrant on a cast surface. D. When using a fluorescent penetrant on a wire brushed weld.

@The best method of drying after the application of a wet developer is normally: D A. blotting the surface gently with absorptive paper towel. B. allowing the part to dry slowly at or slightly above the ambient temperature. C. rapid drying with a normal room temperature air blast. D. rapid drying with circulating hot air at 170-200 degrees F

@Removal of residual penetrant or developer materials by a suitable post-cleaning Technique is advantageous in which of the following cases? A A. Where it could interfere with subsequent processes or with service. B. Where it could provide a contrasting background. C. Where it could assist in the emulsification of the penetrant bleed out. D. Where it could assist in the lattice structure breakdown.

@Post-cleaning is particularly important where residual Penetrant or developer materials May combine with other materials in service to produce: A A. corrosive action. B. a contrasting background. C. false penetrant indications. D. proper surface tension. @Post-cleaning should be performed: A A. as soon as possible because the materials will be easier to remove. B. after several hours because the drier the materials are, the easier they will wipe off.

can become extremely annoying and will impair inspector effectiveness. Because direct or reflected black light shining into the inspector's eyes: C A. C. @Residual acids and chromates are more detrimental to the Fluorescent water-wash process than other processes because: B A. with the part warm to enhance the solubility of penetrant material. D. could cause tissue damage. @"Eyeball fluorescence" should be considered when arranging black lights for testing. it will not impair inspector effectiveness.low sulphur and low chlorine content penetrant materials should be used and the part Should be post-cleaned by solvent wipe. color contrast should be used so that any residue can be readily seen and removed. B. even though annoying. D. the fluorescent dyes in all processes are equally affected. . is harmless and of no consequence. D. with the part chilled to cause the materials to lose their cohesion.C. B. C. low sulphur and low chlorine penetrant materials should be used and the part should be Post-cleaned in an automatic detergent wash. fluorescent materials should be used and the parts should be detergent-washed. @When using post-emulsifiable fluorescent penetrant on small parts where sulphur or Chlorine residual is deemed harmful: C A.

wash penetrants. B. acids and oxidizing agents react with the fluorescent dyes only in the presence of Emulsifiers which are contained in water. Test time D. B. C. D. The excess penetrant removal is accomplished by water spray. Degree of sensitivity to acidity and alkalinity. B. Requirements of ordinary light . most methods Have which of the following adverse effects on operator health? B A.B. @Which of the following is an advantage of post-emulsifiable methods over waterWashable methods? D A. C. Penetrant materials contain hallucinogens which can cause a sense of drunkenness. The overall test time is shortened. Their sensitivity is easy to control. C. @Due to the nature of penetrant material. Portability C. Penetrants are a hazard due to their inorganic base. @When compared to other methods. Penetrant methods include materials which can cause dermatitis if proper precautions are Not observed. Modern penetrants have been improved to be virtually Hazard free. which of the items below Are disadvantages of water-emulsifiable visible dye methods? C A. D. D. They usually exhibit high sensitivity to tight cracks. emulsifiers neutralize the effects of the acids and chromates. acids and oxidizing agents react with the fluorescent dyes only in the presence of water.

@There is a variety of equipment available for precleaning parts prior to penetrant Application. the recommended method. water-detergent washing machines @If modular equipment has been obtained for a penetrant inspection system using Fluorescent post-emulsifiable penetrant and wet developer. Post-emulsifiable fluorescent for maximum sensitivity and water washability. Ultrasonic pumping. locates defects in artificial teeth prior to mounting them. Of the following. A. vapor degreasers. @Which of the following techniques has been found to be Effective for aiding penetration in certain instances in commercial application? B A. B. . C. identifies the filling material. Vacuum and pressure. is: C A. locates fine cracks in teeth prior to the availability of x-rays. D. solvent removable because of size and shape. solvent removable for greater visibility. B. D. C. Heating the penetrant B. the dryer should be placed: B A. C. sand or grit blasters. if practical. water-washable fluorescent for adequate sensitivity and water wash ability. D. C. Vibration. solvent or chemical tanks. before the emulsifier tank. @Dentists have used liquid penetrant inspection to: B A. B.@The type of penetrant to be used on an investment casting should be: C. D. verifies questionable information gathered from x-rays.

D. an electro-static charger. before the developer tank. after the wash unit @In a modular equipment system using a water-washable Fluorescent penetrant and dry developer. C. B. B. an exhaust system. at the penetrant station. B. radiation of a wavelength above 3000 angstrom units. D. the tank should be equipped with: A A. D. an agitator. D.B. a developer replenisher. After the developer tank. @Super-bright fluorescent penetrants may be: A A. B. C. fluorescence from the penetrant. black light should be available: B A. . more sensitive in dim daylight than color contrast Penetrant materials. at the developer station. @When a large number of parts are inspected using dry Developer which is applied by dipping. C. C. natural white light. after the oven cycle. at the wash station. @Filters for black lights effectively remove: C A. as sensitive in dim daylight as it is in darkness. visible light from the energy given off by the mercury arc.

contact angle. B. D. is acceptable provided the light is shielded. highly volatile. C. B.highly viscous. surface tension. B. should be avoided as too much glare may occur. D.C. density. less sensitive in dim daylight than color contrast penetrant materials. @Which of the following functions does a developer perform? A A. D. @Wetting ability is measured by the: C A. C. D. Drys out the surface of the part. @The use of high power spot bulbs for color contrast penetrants: A A. an inorganic base liquid. more sensitive than normal fluorescent penetrants but they cannot be used in daylight. inert with respect to the materials being tested. Provides a non-contrasting background. is acceptable provided the light is not shielded. D. B. Masks out irrelevant indications. @A good penetrant must be: A A. @What is the method which uses a color contrast penetrant in conjunction with a developer . "Blots" the penetrant by drawing it out of discontinuities. C. C. will reduce eye fatigue. specific gravity.

Reversed fluorescent method. brilliant yellow-green glow against a deep violet-blue background. Bright yellow-green glow against a black background. Contrast fluorescent method. dark spots or lines against a light glowing background. dark spots or lines against a deep violet-blue background. a red color against a white background. @When inspecting using fluorescent penetrant methods. Reversed contrast method. soft white glow against a gray background. D. a red color against a glowing white background. There is no such method. yellow-green lines or spots against a glowing background. a bright red glow against a white background. C. @A visible dye indication will usually appear as: C A. D. @If an indication reappears after the original developer has been removed and another coat Is applied: . C. indications will appear as a: C A. B. C. Fluorescent developer method. D. @When the reversed fluorescent method is used and inspection is performed under black Light. C. a red color against a gray background. brilliant yellow-green glow against a white background. B.Containing a low intensity fluoragent called? B A. B. D. B. indications will show up as: C A.

A A. @Porosity indications in ceramics would appear: B A. the area has been over cleaned. the discontinuity is most likely a crack. the discontinuity is most likely porosity. B. D. D. grinding cracks. B. thermal shock. it was probably a false indication. B. reprocessing has resealed the opening. less intense than porosity indications in metals. @When inspecting glass. a faint indication does not reappear: A A. looking for very fine cracks. C. upon reprocessing. the discontinuity is probably shrinkage. essentially the same as porosity indications in metals. more intense than porosity indications in metals. shrinkage cracks. @A network of interconnecting jagged lines appearing in Hard fired. B. C. as minute cracks. @If. the discontinuity contains a reservoir of penetrant. D. C. the preferred method is: D . unglazed ceramic Products would be an indication of: A A. D. C. the indication is probably due to a small flaw. fatigue cracks.

C. @A ragged line of variable width and numerous branches on castings. gives no indication. C. post-emulsifiable fluorescent. fine linear indication. small tight crack. D. C. D. the brittle enamel method would be better. B. the filtered particle method would be better. @When inspecting a hard fired ceramic which is very porous. caused by a difference In cooling rates between thick and thinner sections would most likely be an indication of: C A. C. electrified particle. @A deep crater crack will frequently appear as a: B A. appears as a broad. appears as a very thin. . @A partially welded forging lap would probably: D A. rounded indication. appears as an intermittent line.A. continuous line. B. B. C. the electrified particle method would be better. B. the emulsifiable color contrast method would be better. hot tear. B. cold shut. faint intermittent line. continuous line. D. post-emulsifiable color contrast. D. Lap. shrinkage. water-washable fluorescent. it may be that: A A. D.

a wetting agent must be added to increase surface tension. entry of a liquid into a crack. measured by contact angle and decreases as surface Tension increases. Water is a good penetrant with no additives. B. flash point of a liquid. wash ability of a penetrant. a function of viscosity and increases as surface Tension decreases.@The forces generated by capillary attraction cause a liquid to rise spontaneously in a Capillary tube. It is an important factor in the: D A. solubility of a liquid. D. D. C. These forces are also involved in the: A A. B. @In order to make water a relatively good penetrant: D A. Wetting ability is: A A. chemical inertness of a liquid. a wetting agent must be added to reduce wetting ability. C. C. speed with which a penetrant will enter a defect. D. a wetting agent must be added to reduce surface tension. D. controlled by the contact angle and surface tension of the penetrant. @Viscosity has a considerable effect on some of the Practical aspects of the use of a Penetrant. B. C. B. @One of the two most important properties of a good penetrant is wetting ability. solubility of contaminants. measured by surface tension and increases as contact angle decreases. degree of fluorescence emitted. .

high viscosity. using cracked aluminum blocks. even film Despite a small amount of surface contamination is said to have: C A. should be checked by a hydrometer. D. @For post-emulsifiable penetrates. the water-tolerance test.5 ounces per gallon of ammonia added to stabilize the mixture. @A newly mixed batch of wet developer: D A. the water drip-through test. B. @The sensitivity of two penetrants for crack detection is best compared by: B A. low evaporation. . C. using published book values. C. the value that is Normally sought is: C A. the amount of actual light emitted by indications. the Meniscus test. should be agitated for 30 to 40 minutes. should have 1 to 1. C. using a hydrometer to measure specific gravity. D. B. should stand for 4 to 5 hours prior to use @When performing an evaluation of the fluorescent ability of a penetrant. low viscosity. D.@A penetrant that will spread over the surface of the test are in a smooth. B. wetting ability. a good method for establishing emulsifying time is by: A A. D. C. experimentation B. measuring the contact angles in a wetting test.

the relative amount of light emitted by the fluorescent material compared to the light Emitted by the background. B. 33 to 1 B. nefluoro-photometer. @The ability of an indication to be seen can be assigned a value called the contrast ratio. D. This ratio is based on the amount of: D A. D. @the most accurate method for evaluating quantitative values for the emitted light of Fluorescent materials is the use of a: A A. photofluorometer. B. 6 to 1 C. light absorbed by the background as opposed to the amount of light reflected by the dye. 9 to 1 D. white light present opposed to the amount of light absorbed by the dye. spectrophotometer.B. D. light reflected by the background as opposed to the Amount of light reflected by the dye. 9 to 2 . the amount of black light necessary to cause the material to fluoresce. C. C. the relative amount of light emitted by the Fluorescent material compared to other Penetrants. light reflected by the background as opposed to the amount of light absorbed by the dye. filter-photometer. C. @The contrast ratio of a red dye penetrant to a white developer is normally about? B A.

B. the contact angle increases. fewer volatile materials will be lost. D. the cracks produced will: C A. C. the viscosity of the penetrant may be too high. the viscosity decreases. be equally spaced and of uniform width.@Cracked plated strips are sometimes used to compare sensitivity. B. circumferential bending dies only. cantilever bending dies only. radial bending dies only. D. B. @If a cantilever bending die is used to bend a plated strip. B. C. D. Cantilever bending dies are not used. These plates usually Have brittle iron plating and are bent on: D A. the viscosity increases. the surface tension of the penetrant increases. @If the surface temperature of the test part is excessively hot: B A. C. . D. C. closer together and tighter near the clamped end. cantilever and radial bend dies. be equally spaced and of graduated depth. One of the reasons an excessively cold penetrant is undesirable is that as the Temperature becomes lower: B A. @The test object and standard penetrant materials should be within a particular temperature Range. the dyes degrade. the penetrant may lose some of its more volatile materials.

Have electrical heating elements so that there is a guarantee that no contaminants can be Introduced into the inspection process. The solvents are suitable for removing grease and oils. B. Discontinue the rinse as soon as the surface penetrant is removed from the part. Viscosity and cosine of contact angle. C. Cosine of the contact angle and density. Surface tension and viscosity. @What are the two most important properties which Determine whether a liquid will have High penetrating ability? D A. D. The solvents should never be used for grease and oils. D. Have ability to dry the surface slowly. C. The solvents are not suitable for removing oil. Rinse after the penetrant is completely emulsified. Have ability to heat the part to an optimum temperature in a minimum of time so that the Part is both dry and warm as promptly as possible. . B. which of the following Is observed? D. B. B.@Which of the following is a criterion for a good dryer? B A. C. @When utilizing the fluorescent post-emulsifiable penetrant method and performing the Rinse cycle. but are generally not adequate if Solid soils are imbedded in void areas. A. D. C. Surface tension and cosine of the contact angle. @Where precleaning is necessary and a residue-free solvent is used. Rinse before the penetrant is completely emulsified. Be a warm air blast system. The solvents are not suitable for removing grease. which of the following will prevent over-rinsing? C A.

@Which of the following physical properties. determines what makes a material a good penetrant? D A. No one single property determines if a material will or will not be a good penetrant. @Which of the items listed below is NOT an advantage of the liquid penetrant test method? A A. Rinse only with water hotter than 110 degrees F. Viscosity D. more than Any other. Relative weight @Which of the statements below concerning the operation of the black light bulbs of the Mercury arc type is NOT true? C A. . the bulb will not immediately respond if the lamp Is turned on right after it has been turned off. If for any reason the arc is extinguished. Surface tension C. Viscosity B. B. The lamp may go out if the line voltage drops below 90 volts. The method can find all types of discontinuities. It takes about 5 minutes for the bulb to warm up to its full output when first turned on. @The speed with which a penetrant penetrates a surface flaw is influenced to the greatest Extent by which of the following properties? C A. C.D. Line voltage variations above 120 volts will have little or no effect on the bulb. D. Surface tension and wetting ability C. Wetting ability D. Density B.

@Which of the following discontinuities could be classified as primary processing Discontinuity often found in cast material. Fatigue crack B. Internal forging bursts C. D. Surface laminations. @Which of the following types of discontinuities will NOT be detected by the liquid Penetrant test method? B A. The penetrant test method is less flexible than the Eddy current test method? B. Surface cracks D. Surface laps. C. The penetrant test method will not detect fatigue cracks. D. C A.B. @Which of the statements below apply to the liquid Penetrant method of testing? D A. There are few limitations on the size and shape of the article that can be treated by this Method. The penetrant test method is more reliable than radiographic testing when attempting to detect minute surface discontinuities. Lack of penetration . The penetrant test method is less reliable than the magnetic particle method for finding Surface defects in ferromagnetic materials. Porosity D. B. The method is simple in principle and relatively easy to understand. Stress-corrosion crack C. C. The method is essentially simple in application.

Lamination D. . Machining tear D. The kind and size of discontinuities most likely to occur. Stress-corrosion crack C. D. Fatigue crack B. All of the above. C. B. Porosity C. The intended application for the part. the acid in the penetrant may cause severe corrosion. Heat-treat crack @Which of the following discontinuities could be classified as a service induced discontinuity? A A. the alkaline content of wet developers and most emulsifier could result in surface pitting. @Aluminum alloy test specimens that have been tested by the liquid penetrant method Should be thoroughly cleaned after testing because: B A. The surface finish of the part. Lap @Which of the test part characteristics listed below are normally considered before the Specific liquid penetrant test method is selected? D A.@Which of the following discontinuities could be classified as a finishing processing Discontinuity? D A. Fatigue crack B. B.

Core and mold material D. . C. Vapor degreasing B. All of the above @Which of the following is NOT recommended method of removing grease from a surface Of a part to be penetrant tested? D A. Cleaning with solvent-type material D.Particularly in moist atmospheres. Scale C. a rough deep indication D. Paint B. B. a cluster of small indications. D. Hot water rinse @The penetrant indication for a cold shut on the surface of a casting will be: A A. a dotted or smooth continuous line. a large bulbous indication. C. a chemical reaction between the penetrant and aluminum could cause a fire because of Internal combustion. @Which of the following are typical of foreign matter which might block the openings of Discontinuities if the surface of a test specimen is NOT properly cleaned? D A. the toxic residue from the test will severely inhibit the application of paint on aluminum Alloys. Alkaline cleaner C.

porosity. welds laps. B. C. @When conducting a penetrant test. D. Penetrant or part too cold during penetration D. a dotted line. hot tears @Which of the following is NOT a form in which penetrant developer is commonly available? D A. High viscosity developer @Which of the following is a possible cause for false penetrant indications? D A. Dry developer B. spherical indications on the surface of a part could be Indicative of: B A. B. Non-aqueous developer C.@The penetrant indication of a forging lap will normally be: C A. Lint or dirt . C. Inadequate application of developers C. a continuous line D. fatigue cracks. a round or nearly round indication. a cluster of indications. Wet developer D. Excessive washing B.

C. D. drying process @ Developer assists in the detection of the visible dye penetrant test indications by: B A. reapplying a coating of emulsifier. C. Fatigue cracking D. Lattice structure breakdown @Developer assists in the detection of penetrants retained in discontinuities by aiding the: C A. B. etc. Corrosion caused by the moisture attracted by such residues B. difficulties incurred during the washing Operation can be overcome by: C A. C. Which of The following is the most likely reaction caused by such a residue? A A. increasing the water pressure used during the washing operation. providing a dry surface. emulsifying the penetrant bleed-out. providing a clean surface. D. rivets. Paint stripping C. completely reprocessing the part from surface preparation on and by using a longer Emulsifier time. emulsification process. post-cleaning process B. bleed-out process D.@Penetrant residues may become entrapped under spines. B. @When using post-emulsification penetrants. dipping the part in boiling water. providing a contrasting background. fasteners. .

B. B. Swabbing. C. B. of a wavelength of approximately: C A. C. the most effective means of precleaning a test item prior to a Penetrant test is: A A. steam cleaning. Brushing. 250 KV C. 100 foot candles. @Fluorescent materials used in fluorescent penetrants respond most actively to radiant Energy. D. Dipping @Of the methods listed below. .@Which of the following methods for applying non-aqueous developer is normally Considered most effective? A A. solvent wiping. vapor degreasing. 7. 3. Spraying. detergent cleaning.650 Angstroms. D. D.000 Angstroms.

B. then wiping with a dry cloth. Wiping with a soaking wet cloth. D. Wiping with a solvent dampened cloth. C. Water cleaning with detergents @Which of the following is a purpose of the drying process used in penetrant testing? D . Wiping with dry paper wipes. Which of the methods Is generally more suitable for giving accurate test results? D A. @Prior to penetrant testing of a previously machined soft metal part. Etching B. which of the cleaning Methods listed below would best to remove any smeared metal that could mask Discontinuities? A A. Shot peening C. then wiping with dry cloths. several Methods exist for excess penetrant removal from a surface part. then wiping with a solvent dampened cloth in one direction With a fresh side each time.@In liquid penetrant testing when using solvent removable visible dye penetrant. Squirting solvent over the surface with no more than 40 psi pressure. Alkaline cleaning D.

Making accurate control of the emulsification time impossible. temperature of the material being tested. @Developing time depends on the: B A. The drying process is used to assure that all excess penetrant will evaporate. C. D. Brushing in itself is not harmful. A reduction in resolution may result. D. the drying process aids in securing a uniform Developer coating. Brushing does not always completely coat the part. C. thereby leaving a portion of the part Difficult to wash. D. The brushing action mixes the emulsifier with the penetrant prematurely and irregularly. The extra time required is wasted. The drying process assures the uniform drying of dry developer applied over a wet Emulsifier. but many types of brush materials combine with the Emulsifier agents resulting in penetrant and part contamination. type of penetrant used. The developer may lose its blotting ability. After the application of a wet developer. The drying process reduces penetration time. all of the above. The excess developer may be difficult to remove. C. Brushing results in a streaking appearance during inspection. B.A. D. B. type of developer used and type of discontinuity to be detected. . @Which of the following is the best reason why excessive drying of a part is NOT desired? C A. B. B. @Which of the following is the best reason why the application of emulsifier by a brush is NOT recommended? A A. C.

10 seconds. need not be removed from surfaces prior to development. D.@When using a fluorescent. B. the length of time the emulsifier is Allowed to remain on the part is critical when detecting shallow scratch-like Discontinuities. The contaminant may completely fill the crack and thus prevent the entry of penetrant. post-emulsifiable penetrant. @Water-washable liquid penetrants differ from postemulsification penetrants in that Water. D. C. The contaminant may be of a composition that attacks the penetrant and reduces the Fluorescence or color of the penetrant. 5 seconds. does not need the application of an emulsifier before rinsing. The best length of time should be: D A. B. C. determined by experimentation. . D. The contaminants may be of such a nature that they reduce or even prevent capillary Action by the penetrant. have a soapy base. C. The contaminant may retain the penetrant and thus increase the sensitivity of the Inspection. @Which of the following statements concerning contaminating materials on the surface of a Part to be penetrant tested is NOT true? C A. B. 2 to 3 seconds.washable penetrants: D A. can only be used on aluminum test specimens.

. C. mix the emulsifier with the excess surface penetrant only. The emulsification times should be long enough to: A A. B. more rapidly drive the penetrant into deep. mix the emulsifier with all the penetrant on the surface and in discontinuities. reacts with the surface penetrant to make the penetrant waterwashable. mix the emulsifier with penetrant in the discontinuities.@The function of the emulsifier in the post-emulsification penetrant method is to: B A. allow the emulsifier to dry out to a white powder. B. D. add fluorescent dye or pigment to the penetrant. providing a coating to which dry powder developer can adhere. @Which of the following is NOT good practice when penetrant testing? D A. Removal of water-washable penetrant with a water spray. B. Applying developer by spraying the part with developer. @When penetrant testing for shallow discontinuities using a postemulsification penetrant. C. C. D. Applying emulsifier by dipping the part in emulsifier. tight cracks.

D. Removal characteristics of the penetrant. The cost of the penetrant. the viscosity of the two penetrants is different. C. the materials used in the penetrant system . determining the viscosity of the penetrant. All of the above. Water-washable penetrants contain an emulsifier. D. measuring the wet ability of the penetrant. @An important difference between non-water-washable penetrants and water-washable Penetrants is that: A A. B. D. comparing two sections of artificially cracked specimens. B. @When penetrant testing Titanium alloys. B. all of the above. the color of the two penetrants is different D. The flash point of the penetrant. non-water-washable penetrants are more easily removed than are water-washable Penetrants. C. @A commonly-used method of checking on the overall performance of a penetrant material System is by: C A. while non-water washable penetrants do not. C. @Which of the following characteristics are normally considered when selecting the type of Penetrant to be used in a penetrant test? D A. Applying emulsifier with a brush.

Laps D.Should NOT contain any constituent quantities of: B A. Undercut @Which of the following discontinuities might be found in rolled plate? . Shrinkage @Which of the following discontinuities might be found in a welded fabrication? B A. Shrinkage B. Undercut C. Incomplete penetration. D. Shrinkage B. @Which of the following is a discontinuity which might be found in sand castings: D A. Bleed-out C. Pipe D. carbon or oil B. Seams D. B. Lack of fusion C. fluorescent agent. C. Laps @Which of the following discontinuities might be found in rolled bar stock? C A. emulsifier or oil. halogenated solvents.

Shrinkage laps C. Salts D. Blow holes B. @Which of the following is a discontinuity that might be found in a forging? B A. Insufficient penetration . All of the above. Laminations Shrinkage Lack of fusion Undercut @Which of the following contaminants could affect the sensitivity of a penetrant? D A. Laps C. Shrinkage cracks B. D. Acid B. C. Water C. Cracks or seams D. Insufficient penetration @Which of the following is a discontinuity that might be found in rolled bar stock? C A. B.A A. Colds shuts D.

C. Small indications are more easily seen. D. B. The inspection can be carried out in a well lighted area. Less sensitive to contamination of discontinuities. Small indications are more easily seen. They can be used on anodized and chromate surfaces. No special lighting is required. No special lighting is necessary during inspection. They make less background on rough surfaces. Forging laps D. Blow holes @Which of the following is an advantage of fluorescent penetrants over visible type Penetrants? B A. Inclusions C. They provide a quicker penetration of small openings. @Which of the following is an advantage of visible dye penetrants over fluorescent Penetrants? D A. Shrinkage cracks B. @Which of the following is an advantage of solvent wipe Methods over water washing? D A. Small indications are more easily seen. . C. D. B.@Which of the following is a discontinuity that might be found in rolled plate stock? B A. They can be used where contact with water is objectionable. B. C.

C. the capillary force. the chemical inertness of the penetrant. B. as an aid in washing off the surface of parts when using either the water or oil soluble Penetrants. @The tendency of a liquid penetrant to enter a discontinuity is primarily related to: B A. @The emulsifier is used: C A. @The prime purpose of the black light for fluorescent penetrant inspection is: B A. B. the viscosity of the penetrant. thereby making it water washable. They can easily be carried out in the field and to remote areas. C. to make the indications visible. to develop indications. B. to magnify indications. D. to preclean parts before applying penetrant. the specific gravity of the penetrant. to emulsify the oil-soluble penetrant.D. C. D. D. to wash the penetrant out of discontinuities. to speed up inspection. @Why is it advisable to have a black light installed at the wash station? C .

B. Highly fluorescent. @When improper processing causes inspection difficulties. all of the above @Rejection or acceptance of parts should be based on which of the following.A. colorless D. C. evenly applied @When viewing parts. fluorescent background may indicate: D A. The design of the part and its intended application. D. @Developing powder should always be: D A. So that inspection can be done without drying parts. The selection of the penetrant. The inspector's education. poor washing. C. D. in absence of Written acceptance criteria? B A. C. The appropriate penetrant standard. applied wet. improper cleaning before penetrant cycle. D. B. To speed the bleeding of penetrant out of defects. To check the effectiveness of the wash cycle. B. what should the inspector do? D . To determine if parts have been covered with penetrant. B. porous material and coating C.

D. None of the above. Erase non-relevant fluorescence. by dipping. @Which factor would apply in determining the dwell time required for the penetrant to be Effective? A A. B. C. C. Too long of a developing time. Too long of a penetrant time. B. Reprocess the part @Which of the following is most apt to render the postemulsification test ineffective? C A. C. Swab parts with a solvent. D. so that a light dusting covers all surfaces to be inspected. Surface roughness. so that a heavy coat of developer covers all surfaces. . @Dry developer should be applied: B A. Use a correct bleed-back procedure. B. with a dry paint brush. Size of part. C. D. D. B. Too long of an emulsifying time.A. Type of discontinuity sought. Shape of part.

B. @Which of the statements below best states the danger of using sandblasting for cleaning Surfaces to be penetrant tested? A A. false indication. The sandblasting operation may introduce discontinuities in the part. C.@The part is an aluminum forging. Non-linear indications. D. @The term "non-relevant indication" is used to describe certain types of penetrant testing Indications. lap. B. C. D. Oil contaminants might be sealed in the discontinuities. half-moon shape. Heavy sections only. and is called a: A A. C. Nonmagnetic indications. Which of the following would be a typical "nonrelevant indication"? A A. B. center line porosity. Description -. The discontinuities may be closed. No longer a problem. D. B. NOT deep. . Multiple indications. @Shrinkage cracks are usually found in what areas of a casting? C A. C. D. Abrupt changes in thickness. heat-treat crack. Thin sections only.the indication is sharp. The sand used in the sandblasting operation may be forced into the discontinuity. Indications due to part geometry or part design configurations.

Contamination of dry or wet developer with penetrant. B. . C. Penetrant on the hands of the inspector. All of the above. Penetrant on the test table. D.@Which of the following could be a source of false indications on a test specimen? D A.