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4

KATSUGUMA HIGASHl.

Spalding "Red Cover" Series of Athletic Handbooks No. fl -I ^^ Warren New York bnn t I —|— HI D U . KOYAMA AND A. JIU JITSU THE EFFECTIVE JAPANESE MODE OF SELF-DEFENSE ILLUSTRATED BY SNAPSHOTS OF K. MINAMl WELL KNOWN NATIVE EXPERTS PUBLISHED BY I _n -J q1 r-l I HJL' n — AMERICAN SPORTS PUBLISHING company Street. 2iR.

BY 1916 American Sports Publishing Company New York ->^. MAV 27 I9IP ©CU434475 .0-6 Copyright..

The tribes in question carried the arms of the day. especially foreign ones. aided by jiu jitsu. with the result that they now admit the science contains much of striking value. There are some jiu jitsu manoeuvres that have never been explained to Europeans or Americans— and probably they never will be. Like all innovations.Spalding's Athletic Library. tricks of Since that early period the art has advanced considerably. although the principal tricks have been kept secret. jiu jitsu was at first disparaged by scores of people. completely defeated them. but many have delved deep into the subject. but others are only hinted at. History relates that so far back as 200 years before Christ the supporters of the Japanese emperor of that time fought unarmed against hostile tribes and. Some of them still hold to their original opinions. Several of them have been described by them at various times. Jiu jitsu is one of the oldest known branches of self-defense. the much-talked-of Japanese system of self-defense. in . but this advantage availed them nothing against the disconcerting and often deadly the jiu jitsu experts. has attracted so mucli attention throughout the English-speaking world that its acceptation in this country as a meritorious branch of combative athletics causes not the slightest surprise among broad-minded people. Especially reticent are the "Japs" regarding the dozen or so of death-prodetail ducing grips and blows. Authentic records of its existence before the Christian era are now in possession of the Mikado of Japan. JIU JITSU ITS ANCIENT ORIGIN-THE JAPANESE SYSTEM OF SELF-DEFENSE DESCRIBED JIu jitsu.

There are almost numberless manoeuvres that temporarily paralyze nerves and nerve-centers. and the neck. It consists of a blow in the solar plexus delivered with the fingers straightened and stiffened. There is absolutely nothing in common." They prefer fencing and wrestling. arms. however. proficient in all three branches.6 Spalding' s Athletic Library. which has largely to do with the organs of nutrition). Thus it will readily be seen that jiu jitsu is different from boxing and wrestling. but the upper classes. "Jap" experts are. One branch. of course. and many more depend for success on the obtaining of powerful leverage on arms and legs. another needs a piece of rope. Still. for it is the one most frequently used. ankles. leg holds. and strangles. only the first-named is considered in this book. between boxing and jiu jitsu. the most familiar. The blow also produces breathlessness. Boxing is not indulged in to any noticeable extent by "Japs. others in various part of the body. so-called sympathetic system. cross buttocks. A large proportion of the tricks and holds introduces the twisting of hands. and others that stop the circulation of the blood spine. waist holds. the forefinger (or pointer) and the middle finger. and. nausea. sailor made general it Every and policeman was taught lest their as a matter of course. arm and leg grapevines. the full Nelson. in cases of poorly trained men. completely paralyzing this nerve (The solar plexus is a center of various nerves of the center. either entirely or in part. The knowledge in Japan. and on various joints. chancery holds. of jiu jitsu has only recently been soldier. These fingers are projected violently into the solar plexus and twisted in a peculiar manner. These death blows are remarkable. legs. However. although many wrestling manoeuvres are used in it. and the other a club. jiu jitsu experts execute a trick that might well be cermed a first cousin to the boxer's solar plexus punch. Fer instance. jealous influence . Some are delivered on the on the neck and head. calls for the use of the hands. all jiu jitsu experts use forms of the arm lock. half Nelson. Jiu jitsu comprises three different systems or branches and upward of 250 manoeuvres. or in combination. and two on the face.

patient practice. taller The wrestler is usually ten or twelve inches than his brother "Jap. and a special study is made of the influence of deep breathing upon the students. and jiu jitsu Every of the body. and he will eat no meat. nese fashion. tried to keep it to themselves. to be entrusted to a person whose passions might overpower his judgment. and likely children were trained to the Gods. meat being scarcely ever used." and he is splendidly developed for wrestling. author of a book on jiu jitsu. Several of the feats would Veak bones if carried to extremes. Mr. years of regular. Of this tendency we have an interesting example in "The Darling of band of sumurai refuses to obey the imSo well recognized was it by the "Jap" that he could not learn jiu jitsu. as elsewhere. is absolutely essential not only to jiu jitsu. he would imitate his Japanese teacher. be wrestlers instead. Fresh air. but when some years ago a tall wrestler was publicly defeated at Tokio by an exponent of jiu jitsu within a few seconds of the start the thousands of spectators were astonished. using his own methods. The reason of this is that there are too many tricks. Hancock. Next come vegetables.Spalding' s Athletic Library. But what will surprise most people is that something most needed beyond all these equanimity of temper is essential. which means "muscle breaking" a term that does not express the fact." a small perial edict when and disarm. Four years are needed for the full development of the system. is of the opinion that a skilled exponent of jiu jitsu would defeat a champion American boxer. naturally. but to good health and vigor in Japan. A gallon of pure water will be consumed during the twenty-four hours. they said little. system is based on diet and the healthy state Every muscle is brought into development and hardened by the system*. — gradually the pupil begins to feel its influence. Japabut since them. which are dangerous to life and limb. fish and fruit. 7 over the populace should wane. it no longer holds the first place. though wrestling is still popular. The secret of jiu jitsu consists of a knowledge of how to grasp will bathe if Twice a day he — — . Rice comes first in importance as an element of diet.

so that with the edge a blow may be struck to break the arm or neck. Special exercises of the simplest nature develop the heart. An in expert jiu jitsu wrestler can practically throw his opponent a any direction he wishes. Fresh air is a sine qua non. Then the hand must be toughened by at least six months' exercise. or have the limb which such a manner that he must submit to be thrown Once is grasped ruthlessly broken. and in winter the Japanese will jump out of his hot bath and roll in the snow. copious draughts of water and hot water drinking are regular features of Japanese life. and the of the Japanese system is that the muscles never become hard like those of an ordinary athlete. On the stomach all depends. jiu jitsu is superior to most methods. and knowledge of the parts of the human body thus vulnerable is essential to expert practice of the system. the well-known strong man. this terrible Japanese clutches his adversary by the arm he must fall in the direction the Japanese wishes or have his limb broken. When ground exhibitions of jiu jitsu are given by Japanese players the is men are thrown they always covered with a thick native carpet. just as the muscles of the Greek athletes were said to have been in the days of the Olympian games. As means of physical It culture. Then comes training of the heart and lungs by deep breathing. Roger Nowell. but remain perfectly soft and pliable to the touch and are apparently coated with a layer of fat. and when the fall despite this protection with resounding this art.8 an opponent in Spalding's Athletic Library. Extremes of leanare versed in ath- ness and of obesity are rare. Numerous Englishmen have acquired whom are Apollo. a celebrated amateur exponent of various systems of self-defense. and the lower half of the receives special attention. and Mr. lungs and arms. and the letics as well as the women Owing to the men. is the idea of jiu jitsu. widespread eag^erness for information regarding . which begins and ends at every les- Pressure on muscles and ligaments detailed son in jiu jitsu. peculiarity gives a very fine all-round development. body also Fasting. chief of thuds.

as are included in jiu jitsu. In this book the *'Jap" experts have illustrated only such holds.Spalding's Athletic Library. have been exploited by people palpably ignorant of the subject. Scores of holds and tricks. jiii 9 jitsu. purporting to be jiu jitsu manoeuvres. which a clever man would use in effectually blocking the movement. simply because in its execution the victim has one hand free. many erroneous ideas have been formed regarding it. apple blow" is The so-called "Adam's one which the "Japs" omitted. . etc. omitting unauthoritative holds and those that are not considered practical..

No. 1 .

this From position the contestants work to obtair various holds and grips. and grasps the canvas sleeves of his opponent's Jacket above the elbow. toes pointing outward. as opposed to r..hc crouching attitude of wrestlers at the start of a match. Eac'i keeps his feet spread well apart. . Spalding's Athletic Library H FIGURE NO. Observe that the "Japs" stand upright. t Position at the Opening of a Bout„ At the beginning of a contest jiu jitsu performers stand facing each other m the position shown in the opposite illustration.

No. 2 .

Spalding's Athletic Library. Pull your antagonist quickly toward you and force him back over your right leg. 13 FIGURE NO. Throw your opponent on him his back in the position shown Figure No. a fall obtained from the preliminary pose shown in Figure No. Slip your right hand from his right arm to the front in of his jacket. to disable The object to place a man entirely at your mercy or him temporarily or otherwise. the Preliminary Position Shown In Figure A mean point or a a fall fall in a jiu jitsu contest does not necessarily in the strict Is sense of the word. To secure this fall. Fall. 2 and to disable to press your right knee in his stomach. After facing your opponent and grasping his sleeves. a few inches below his throat. 2. Advantage of Disablement Secured From 1. step for- ward and place your right leg outward behind his right leg. On the opposite page shown i. are Oftentimes. proceed as follows. however these results secured much after is the manner of falls in wrestling. as understood in wrestling. . to assist pushing him in back.

¥•' t /V\ . 3 .mMm^mm^mm^ No.

and hold the four fingers outside. 15 FIGURE NO. Up to a Combination Breaker.Spalding* s Athletic Library. 5 and 6. Koyama. so right much so that the breaking of the victim's arm will be a comparatively easy matter. First Position Leading 3. the atis tacking party. The man in this case. show a series of manceuvres that in re- sult in a violent fall. Notice the manner in which the "Japs" grasp the sleeve of the canvas jackets. His opponent K. Fall. Nos. . Neck Twist and Arm The opposite illustration (No. following. It will be found almost impossible to twist or break this hold loose under ordinary circumstances. thu^ enabling them to secure the firmest possible hold. He is A. and which place a man completely an opponent's power. They place the thumb under the canvas. 4. at the right in the illustration is. Minami. 3) shows another preliminary This photo and the three position frequently used in jiu jitsu.

No. 4 .

Simultaneously and as swift as a lightning he reaches over the extended right arm of his adversary and secures. knee comes between his (the attacking man's) in the as shown photo opposite. neck twist. 4. 5). similar to the hold In wrestling. fy FIGURE NO. drawing his intended victim over (see Figure No. a Development of Figure No. turning his back flash. an in wrestling. which combined hold was begun Figure No. A Jiu Jitsu Arm Lock. on the opposite page. 3. The attacking man must on his bad also bend forward. 3. Figure No. . steps and toward his left.Spalding's Athletic Library. howe^^er. 4. the From the position in man on the right (the attacking party). and arm breaker. with his free right arm. the man who leads the attack generally stands outside the arm he intends to lock. to his opponent. The at- tacking party in jiu jitsu should stand after the lock so that hi? i)pponent's right legs. arm lock. The second movement in the execution of a combination fall. in. 3. in is shown shown in Figure No.

5 .No.

Notice that the but that is man about to be thrown has his left hand free. former has grasped the attacker's but he cannot shoulder with his left now save himself.Spalding's Athletic Library. powerless to block or stop his opponent's attack. This manoeuvre is somewhat like the back heave in wrestling.) . When in the defensive competitor 4. without hope of escape. 6. Movement in Securing a Combination FalU Neck Twist and Arm Breaker. drawing his his (the attacker's) stomach. Ihird 5. and onto the attacker's back. left The hand. victim's right arm under which at the same time lifts the defensive man ofif the floor. as shown in illustration No. The arm lock holds him. 5. the attacker bends forward sharply. FIGURE NO. (See Figure No. is secured by the hold shewn Figure No.

6 .No.

former's right side. The extended arm may easily be broken. . as is readily seen. 5. Opposite we see the end of the jiii Jitsu trick begun in Figure No. Fall. The at- tacker drops to the right draws his opponent's arm across his (the attacker's) right leg. The defensive performer landecl heavily on his back. Completion of the Combination 6. between the knee it and the hip. if desired. The under man vainly endeavors to relieve the strain on his his left neck by pushing with hand against his opponent's elbow. by a hold on the wrist. The attacker has thrown his victim by turning him com- pletelj- over in a somersault toward the right from the position in Figure shown No. 3. Neck Twist and Arm Breaker. and presses downward.Spaldmgs Athletic Library. 21 FIGURE NO. At the same time with the other arm the attacker twists antagonist's neck sharply by pushing the latter's chin to the his left.

No. 7 .

his opponent's ex- tended right arm above the elbow. placing his right leg between the other man's 8. and Wrist Twist (tlie Latter Behind Opponent's Back). . He his grasps. and secures the hand of the \ same arm with own right hand. with his left hand. Quick as a flash.) legs. In the position shown on the opposite page the attacker (on the // right) is obtaining a preliminary hold leading to a very effective \ combination. (See Figure No. as shown in the next illustration. Arm and 7 Preliminary Hold to Secure a Combination Neck Twist.Spalding's Athletic Library. 23 FIGURE NO. the attacker steps forward.

8 .No.

as it shown. He can be thrown in almost any desired direction. . the attacker moves his swiftly into the postion shown While thrusting bends the latter's right foot between his opponent's legs. he turns his opponent's head to the twisting the neck. and. Arm Twist (Behind Op. while answering the same purpose. more punishing. Avith his right hand. the palm being turned upward. pressing the chin up and to one side.Spalding's Athletic Library^ '9. but is the jiu jitsu grip. after assisting with in the left. he right arm behind his back. strain on his elbow. When a man is held by this jiu jitsu combination hold he is abso- lutely powerless to make any resistance. This hold is much like the hammer lock used by wrestlers. opposite.% FIGURE NO. The the attacker's left is hand slips to his it opponent's right wrist as arm bent back. Wrist and 8. as shown in the When The the victim is finally held in the position shown opposite. also. is also very severe. 7. arm-bending process. attacker's thumb is then upward. owing to the arm twist. After obtaLiing the hold shown in Figure No. and grasping first with his (the attacker's) thumb under and the photo. his right wrist can be twisted so that he sufi^ers excruciating pain. Combination Necl< Twist. ponent's Back) Secured. the victim's hand.

No. 9 .

K. a Novel and Startling Jiu Jitsu In the opposite illustration. FIGURE NO. ResultFall. Minami instantly conceives a block latter's and counhis Koyama's advance and grasps the hand with For further developments.Spalding' s Athletic Library. Opening Hold ing in 9. lo and ii. has attacked A. Koyama. ter for left. extending his right hand. Minami. . and grasping the latter's jacket. the "Jap" on the left. see illustrations No. of a Block and a Counter for An Attack.

10 .No.

as shown in the photo opposite. Second Movement in 10. simultaneously. foot. 9.Spalding' s Athletic Library. Counter for Attack Shown in Figure No. twists the attacking wrist around. it raises his right foot and thrusts quickly into his opponent's stom- ach. For a fall from this position see Figure No. and pushes back with his bringing severe pressure to bear on his opponent's stomach. and. . Minami. which cannot be protected. as shown in to counter an attack. painful. his opponent's right hand. after grasping Figure No. a. Now he pulls his opponent forward. The so strain on the wrist is also very placing the man held completely within Minami's power. ^© FIGURE NO. bends it powerfully. 9. reinforces his OAvn left hand back with his right.

.

as in Figure No. He thus holds him flat on the floor. When the counter to the attack shown in 10. 9 has prothe ceeded to the point shown in Figure No. twists the wrist strongly. He easily thrown on his back. .Spalding's Athletic Library. and Punishment (by Wrist Twist) as a Development From Figures No. 31 FIGURE NO. 9 and 10. is man whose is attack countered is forced backward to his right. as The present attacker retains his hold on the originally attacking 11 right hand. Fall 11. (the elbow also receives severe strain) and he simultaneously places his right foot on the uirder man's chest. in the illustration opposite. without any possible chance for escape. Figure No.

No. 12 .

For a counter to from the oountcr 's manoeuvre see Figue No. At times jiu jitsii experts attempt to execute a 12. 12. They grasp an opponent's attacking (or possibly defensive) arm. fall from the position illustrated in Figure No.Spalding* i Athletic Libtary. A Manoeuvre Much Like the Flying Mare (in Wrest Counter Shown in Figures No. 13. Notice in the opposite illlustration the twist applied to the wrist of the attacked is mam this This twist is peculiar to liu jitsu. A fall oictured in Figure No. 14. |j FIGURE NO. turn. or else falling sideways with him. . it never used by wrestlers. making him turn a complete somersault. A JIu JItsu ling). back to opponent. 13 and 14. draw the arm down over either shoulder (in this case the right) and throw him violently forward.

No. 13 .

. Hold.Spalding's Athletic Library. fall See photo on next page for a from this position. encircle the near leg with his free arm. and lift it from the floor. the man having the arm hold a great disadvantage. From an Intended Counter Shown in Figure No. the intended victim can quickly slip to one side (to the left in this case). of the Arm As a man attempts to execute a throw from the position in 12. Now. 12. 13. 35 F8GURE N0= First Hold Resulting 13. as in is at Figure No. Figure No.

14 .No.

he lifts the leg he has grasped. . 12. Fall 14. falls He also spreads out his legs so that his antagonist between them. cramping Now he is able to draw up its muscles severely. carrying victim with him. and Punishment From a Counter Figure No. In the position Figure No. hold previously referred encircled leg.Spalding* s Athletic Library. He then reaches over with the leg encircling the arm and grasps arm the still the wrist of the arm originally secured by his opponent. in the to. and by pulling more violently on the wrist of his other arm he places painful pressure on the neck of the thrown man. and falls his backward to the mat. 37 FIGURE NO. to the Arm Hold in When shown in a jiti jitsti expert gets his opponent 13.

No. 15 .

Now you are ready to carry him to the position shown in Figure No. each having obtained the pre3. Bend down.ldinfs Athletic Library. ^9 FIGURE NO. 16. a violent fall may be Suddenly draw toward yourself the arm held (by grasping the sleeve of his jacket) and lunge forward. in a Anothor Effective Mode of Attack. 15).: Si)o. liminary hold ilkistrated in Figure No. in this case the right (see Figure No. . 15. Resulting Violent Fair. drawing your opponent down with the sleeve hold. and encircle his near leg with your free arm. placing your head under the near armpit. When two men scored as follows face each other.

No. 16 .

Also. arm (by means Then raise yourself to a standing position (so far as the legs are concerned) carrying your foe on youi shoulders. He will thus be held in the attitude shown opposite. .Spalding's Athletic Library. over the shoulder. in almost any direction. You can throw him forward stun to the mat with force sufficien<. From Posi tion llustrated in Figure No. he can be throwr. FIGURE NO. Throw an Opponent Heavily to the Floor. When a firm hold is obtained on the near leg of your opponent left draw him well over on your back with the of the sleeve hold).tc him or left to knock him breathless. 15. rteady to 16.

17 .No.

Blocking a Right Lead to the Face and Ready to In the opposite illustration the man on the left has led at his latter. the same time has blocked the lead with his right forearm. opponent's face with his right hand. He has made this step favorable position for with his right foot in order to be in a more counter.Spalding's Athletic Library. 17 Counter. 43 FIGURE NO. The on the right. 18. executing an efficacious and strikingly forceful This counter is shown in Figure No. . at stepping forward with his right foot.

18 .No.

5. Com After obtaining the position shown in Figure No. 45 FIGURE NO. 18. 17 bined with a Cross Buttock. 17. He now bends the attacking forearm sharply back and hip close into the small of his opponent's back. as a counter to the right-hand lead to the face. Arm Twist Developed From Figure No. If the is thrown backward man does not give way joint. passes it thrusts his right Next he releases under the bent elbow "of his opponent and in the grasps his own in right forearm.hown in the illustration No. who now attacks. Shoulder and 18.: Spalding's Athletic Library. his left hand. elbow and He it is forced steadily backward over his opponent's buttock and is only a matter of a few seconds before he to the floor. His right hand opponent's meantime as he has used pressing his wrist downward. Pressure against the defensive man's wrist places shoulder. his arm will be broken or his shoulder will be lorced out of . the man on the right. proceeds as follows He grasps the extended arm with both hands and carries liis right foot quickly over the right leg of his opponent. a severe strain upon his wrist.

19 .No.

at the same time grasping his opponent's right with his right hand. Now. as shown in the opposite picture.Spalding's Athletic Library 4^ FIGURE NO. The left hand. Twist. If the attacker does not wish to break his man's to the floor. grasps the attacker's wrist. by pressing down the defensive man's forearm. attacked man's left arm free. sufficient pressure can be exerted. An Arm Breaker and Wrist 19. right upper He then encircles the latter's arm with fist his left arm. extending under the opponent's right elbow. arm he can throw him is The it. aided by the leverage obtained. but he can dc no damage with . from the Rear. the attacker's legs are spread quite far apart to Notice that left — the from that six eight inches in advance of his foe's near leg —and the last named man is held close against his opponent's body. to break the victim's arm. From a preliminary pose the attacker works to the rear or to the right side of his adversary.

.

The man on as the right rushes at his opponent as the latter moves forward though to attack. 20. in The opposite photo (No. that of seeming uncertainty. In Figures No.Spalding's Athletic Library. . Which a Jiu Jitsu Expert Repels an Oppoto the Floor Rush by Dropping and Using His Feet. 21 and 22 are shown mancEiivres in which a jiu jitsu expert resists an opponent's rushing attack in an un- expected manner. Figures No. Novel Manner nent's in 20. by dropping to the floor on his side. 21 and 22 show how. 20) shows the men the first position. the man at the right executes a really startling trick. 49 FIGURE NO.

.

. However. is what the attacking man has done Instead of seeking a hold on the upper part of his op- ponent's body he has fallen on his right side to the mat. or to Throw A wrestler or a boxer would doubtless be greatly surprised to floor in front of him. so he pulls the latter's left ankle forward by means of his right foot and. in the opposite illus- have an opponent drop voluntarily to the Yet that tration. The Attacker in Position to 21.Spalding's Athletic Library^ $1 FIGURE NO. hooked his right foot behind his foe's left ankle. Break Opponent's Left Knee Cap Latter to Mat. and struck the left knee cap with his left foot. pushing against his foe's knee. The knee cap can if be struck so violently that the bone will be splintered. desired. it is here the attacker's intention merely to throw his man. forces him backward to the floor.

.

21. the toes with after and twists the ankle forcibly. Fall. Should the man attempt to rise he can be left foot. places his left foot on his opponent's stomach left grasps the latter's the right. desired. Here we have the culmination 21. . for ordinary purposes the twist of the ankle fallen sufficient. is However. 22. pushed backard to the "^igs floor with the the heel of which into his stomach. of the manoeuvres shown in Figures No. if Sufficient leverage may then be had to break the knee joint. 20 and After throwing his opponent backward to the floor with the trick ilhistrated in Figure No. This twist can be accentuated considerably by bending left the leg to the and pressing it over the attacker's left leg. 53 FIGURE NO.Spalding's Athletic Library. 21. ankle with his left hand. raising the leg upward. Ankle Twist and Knee Breaker Developed Fr»»m Figure No. the attacker moves forward.

23 .^w No.

and which may be readily broken. The Full or Double Nelson (Well In 23. 24 and 25 the "Japs'* illustrate a clever counter for this hold in which a knee and ankle are violently twisted. Known Wrestling Hold) and a Counter. . Resulting a Fall and Leg and Ankle Twist. In Figures No.Spalding's Athletic Library^ ||e( F3GURE NO. Opposite is shown a man held by the full or double Nelson familiar to all wrestlers.

No. 24 .

Spalding's Athletic Library^ 57 FIGURE NO. (or Double) Just as the attacker. 23. own body. clinching the attacker's two arms above He then bends sharply forward.) . carrying the at- tacker off his feet. shown in Figure No. Second Movement in 24. the then defensive man brings his arms snugly to his the elbows. obtains the full Nelson. 25. as shown in the opposite picture. the Counter of the Full Nelson. • (Next see Figure No. the man In the rear.

25 .No.

Athletic Library. also shows man who lat- countered has sat on his opponent's stomach and drawn the ter's right leg up close into his crotch. . A sharp pull would either dislocate or break the knee joint. He has released both his left pulls his his own hands from the elbow holds and with opponent's right leg to one side against his (the countering man's) left leg. 59 FIGURE NO. The picture opposite full illustrates It the fall from the described that the counter for a Nelson. Completion of Counter for the Full Nelson. The leverage obtained on the under man's leg his right ankle is is quite evident. Notice also that the upper man has grapevined his own feet so that he can squeeze his opponent's right leg firmly up in his crotch. 25.Spalding' !. The pressure on applied by the upper man so as to twist his opponent's ankle and knee.

No. 26 .

: Spalding's Athletic Libraty. into the pit of the attacker's stomach. 27 and 28. . tion to be Now the latter is in posi- thrown in the manner shown in the two following figures. a Disconcerting Trick in Which an Opponent Turns a Complete Somersault. As an opponent rushes toward forcibly. as the case arms and thrusts may be. 6l FIGURE NOc 26. by proceeding as follows As the man rushes forward his foe merely grasps the attacker's his left or his right foot. First Position. No. a man the latter can throw him and in an extremel}' sensational manner.

27 .No.

The man who meets photo No. 63 FIGURE NO. throwing his foe in the air. as shown on the opposite page. he parti- ally straightens the engaged leg. Nothing can then save the unfortun- ate victim.Spalding's Athletic Library. (See Figure 28. the Somersault Trick. While falling backward. Second Position in 27.) . falls the onrush referred to in the description of to the backward mat as he places his foot in his opponent's stomach and grasps the latter's arms or shoulders. 26. drawing his opponent forward.

.

From the Somersault Trick.Spalding's Athletic Library. Fall 28. . 65 FIGURE NO. he so desires. He lies flat on his back and his opponent if is in a position to inflict further punishment. illustrated in Figures No. in the strictest sense of the word. - The man who originally attacked has heen thrown heels over head. 26 and shown photo No. The 27 is result of the in movements 28.

No. 29 .

To show how mercy see Figure completely the attacker has placed his foe at his No. 29 we see that a "Jap" has leaped his legs. Their wiry bodies have rendered them seemingly unconquerable instances. Showing the Agility of the ''Japs"— First Position. 67 FIGURE NO. encircled an opponent's waist with and has his begun to force the latter's head backward by means of (the attacker's) forearm. 29. in many from In Figure No. The ''Japs" have won world-wide fame for great agility. . 30. A Clever Trick. the ground.Spalding's Athletic Library.

Nc. 30 .

the attacker desires he can force his foe heavily to the . Fall 30. pressing them both against his throat. in Imminent From the Jumping Trick. Shown No.Spalding's Athletic Library. where- upon the attacker extended his feet on the floor. Figure After the "Jap" leaped and encircled his opponent's waist with his legs he brought first one wrist and then the other underneath the defensive man's chin. and floor. 69 FIGURE NO. if Now the under man has absolutely no means of escape. Of course the latter man was forced to bend backward. 29.

31 .No.

71 FIGURE NO. 31 the attacker is executing the arm breaker.vmg considerable leverage. Downward pressure on the forearm will often result in a breal<.Spalding's Athletic Library. to serve as a .an .mes be p.Ider. In Figure xNo. placing a great strain on the wrist and in the rear has grasped his opponent's belt with his free hand. The extended arm's elbow rests on the offensive man's shoulder bone. 31.stop. thus g. and at the same tinte with Itis left hand he has grasped the fingers of the extended hand and is pulling them When a man's left down and inward. The Arm Breaker and Wrist Twist Over the Right Shoulder. finger bones. arm is caught at a disadvantage it can somet. Notice that the n.illcd over the attacker's right shot.

No. 32 .

carrying his arm off his foe's shoulder Next he seizes the opposing right arm under the elbow left.: Spaldi7ig' s Athletic Library. can escape as follows As Jump bone. as He then forces shown in Figure No. Arm Breaker^ and a Counter. if he is swift and strong. that the original attacker is Now it will be seen this position. 31. 32. 2>3-) . in danger of a fall from (See photo No. as also shown. Escape From the 32. pushing his opponent back against his right knee. The man attacked in Figure No. with his right hand. 73 FIGURE NO. his opponent obtains the arm hold the defensive man should to the right side. and at the wrist with his the elbow up.

..r-:^-^fjpyj:f^ ate . 33 .^^^.lMaia»^MiliiiiifliiintifSi&'i No...^^-^-.

75 FIGURE NO. so that the back of his hand rests on the floor. and Punishment From the Counter to the Hold. per- The under man's left arm and hand are placed out of commission by the upper man's right hand. putting pressure upon the if bent wrist and forearm.SMldinzs Athletic Library. The has been thrown heavily on his back and his right forearm and wrist are turned under. previously described. His opponent's right knee presses strongly in his armpit and the under side of his upper arm. Arm Breaking Shown in Figures No. which results in excruciating pain sisted in. . On the page opposite we see the fall resulting from the counter original attacker of the arm breaker. 31 and 32. Fall 33.

34 .No.

We will now consider the another method. 34. 7} FIGURE NO.Staldins' s Athletic Library. for whick see Figure No. The latter has side-stepped to the left. seizes his collar with his left hand and his left leg with his right hand. Early in this book an efficacious mode of countering a pugilistic attack with the right hand was explained. 35. 34. He then drops down on one knee.- Quick as a flash he then crouches in back of his foe. striking the extended arm with his forearm. . Another Mode of Resisting and Countering a Right Hand Blow at the Face. pulls hig opponent down and draws him across his shoulders. left Here the man on has attempted to deliver a right-hand blow to his opponent's face. as begun in Figure No.

FIGURE NO.
Ready to Secure a
Fall

35.

From a Counter to a Right Hand Lead.

In the above picture we see the original aggressor high across
his opponent's shoulders.

He

can be thrown forward,
facility.

flat

on

his

back, or to either side with equal

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Blue.00 Spalding Sleeveless Spalding Sleeveless Shirts No. '£. . .6F. Not carried in of colors as No.s.ac^. spalding f. 10 Doz. Navy ial No. Worsted.25*. ^az\. $1. Each. $2. with 6-inch. worsted. Solid No. Each. with woven sash of any color. Each. . Worsted. and Black.00 per garment. carried in stock in following combinations of colors: Navy with' • • White stripe. -^ Sr>. sleeveless.00 $?l. No. and Black.ifSS. %1.S? 1.40 Doz. White. Each. No. 6ED. 600. 600S.nit All shirts listed c athletic SHIRTS furnish in any col- No. Maroon. White . Navy Blue. $1. Carried in stock in Gray. with sash stitched on. Black. Each. 6WD. . with Sash Worsted. Same combinations with woven sash.%\. 600S.60Do3. Navy Blue. $2. 76. Each.stripe No. Sleeveless.09 . No. 50c. $1. Sanitary cotton. Worsted. on special orders only. with necklace stitched on of different color to body of shirt. Special order only.25 if S/S. Each. N0. 700S. 0.50 Doz. 600S. No. 700. Quarter sleeve. 50 Doz. Maroon.25 -^ SI3. colors. Sanitary cotton. .ilS. . $1.15c. Sanitary Cotton.SO Doz. Best quality worsted. with 6-inch stripe around chest. Spalding Quarter Sleeve Shirts No. Maroon with White stripe. if S3. Black with Orange stripe. lOE. Carried in stock in Gray.<iV. Black with Red stripe. Navy Blue. Good quality Cotton. Maroon or Gray. Cray. Each. Sanitary cotton. Light vi'eight. $2. down front.00 •iy^Ac5yZ>^5. Woven Necklace on Shirts • Spalding Rowing Shirt No.75 -A. and Black. Sanitary cotton. $1. Navy Blue. No specorders. Spalding Full Sleeve Shirts No. Six inch stripe around chest.75 No. Each.. sleeveless.YR. $2.5^^ Doz. The t^yn- CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE . Worsted. $1. Bleached White. White. White. only..SIS. ACCEPT NO SUBSTITUTE THE SPALDING TRADEMARK STOCK 26 to SIZES: 46 inch chest. $2. No. Stock color combinations similar to N0. Each. in same combinations of colors as No. Best quality cotton. Carried in stock in Gray.00 -^ SIO.Ishlrts No. Cotton. .60 Doz. solid color body. Not carried $21 00 Doz. solid color body. Sleeveless. 600. light weight. 601 or 600S Shirts. 6E Colors same as supEach. . On special order only.. 601. $1. stock.lZc.>7j. . Black. White.50 ^"AJ. White.. 6E. Each.6OOS. Sanitary cotton. 00 Doz. only. lOE.'QV)'k SIO. 6ES. 6003. $1. No.IO Doz.i^? Doi: No. $1. . . 600D. stock. 40 Doz. No. for an extra charge of $1. Each. White No. Black. 50c.OO Doz Best quality cotton. Supplied in White with any color silk binding around neck and sleeves ftnd Nos. . Gray with Cardinal stripe.25 if in stock. Maroon or Each. .75 . 3D.. 600D. sleeveless. Flesh. Navy Blue. Each. 25c.00 if SIO. Each. Not carried in £. Special order only. 600S. Maroon.SO Doz. No. 75. plied in No. Black. Bleached White. 602.i( SS. around chest. stock in Gray. Each. Spalding Shirts.SO Doz. Each. Worsted.00 -k.. Maroon. Same combinations of colors as No. Carried in.

G.00 No. $4. black electric soles-. 21 Sewed and turned shoes.00 No. Sewed and turned shoes. Women's. Pair. $3. soles. Pair. The correct shoes to wear for boxing. Best selected black kid uppers.50 No. 166 N0. Pair.-I55. For Canadian price* tee tpecial Canadian Catalogue. Low cut. Low leather uppers. Low cut. FOR COMPLETE LIST OF STORES IN ALL LARGE CITIES SEE INSIDE FRONT COVER OF THIS Boot 1916 change withaut notice.50 PROMPT AHENTION GIVEN TO ANr COMMUNICATIONS ADDHESSED TO US Prices in effect January 5. skin.00 No. men's sizes only. Will not slip floor. wise as No 20. in addiUon. extra light and electric soles.50 No. genuine elkNo. .50 No. 20. electric soles Pair. $4. extra light. For bowling and general g>'mnasium use Light drab chrome tanned leather uppers with electric soles. 66L. Pair.SPALDING & BROS. Very satisfactory for general gymnasium and camping use Pair. $2. $2. Laces extremely low down. For bowling and p^' gymnasium wear Selected black leather uppers. . Higli cut. Women's.50 No. High and cut. Otherwise as No. 21.00 on No. roo uppers. soft and flex^ ible. Pair. $2. cut. are rea^nabfe No. Sewed and turned. $3. black leather. $2. $2. $5. possess all of these good qualities and.00 No 133. Pair. yet TRADEMARK '^K?v'^ ^^^0^^ SPALDING GYMNASIUM SHOES Spaldmg Gymnasium Shoes fit snugly and give the wearer a sure footing-lbey must aI«o ht. STORES Subi. leather. soles with flexible shank.50 Spalding Special Bowling -Shoes No 148. which makes shoes extremely light and flexible. Other. light. •«"~W^ dnrahU. NB. $3. A. Pair. electric soles and corrugated rubber heels. 15. elkwill not slip orv floor. Pair. High cut. se- lected leather.sSiK THE SPALDING 5ium Shoes must be comfortable and easy. kanga. Womenls. 166. 15 Correct Shoes for Boxing skin soles. 20L. extra soles. Low cut. 90L. selected Electric Pair.

GWH GWH. * $13. Special pearl colored leather. No. Otherwise sarne as No.25 Flexible Well made.$1.%\. 11 to 2.50 No. Low cut. No.KB..WMX. twice on rubber sole canvas gymnasium shoes. best quality canvas shoes with leather soles..90 Doz. Men's.%\. 35c. Men's sizes.. Sole surface is sirnilar to our gymnasium shoes.80* 8.<. H.iY^.20 Doz. forced where upper and Pair. very high cut.FL Pat. Pr. but of white. ?a\T.00*. IHX. FS. . ^x. * * rlB. Special acrobatic shoes. 6 to 12. IHX. narrow lasts. Otherwise same as No. Spalding High Grade Canvas Shoes. 2.o6Z>.76" No. FN Naval Academy. " No. inclusive.50 Doz. White canvas. Low cut.. II bYz.96Z». white canvas uppers. soles.00 $21. Pair. Similar to No.50 GWH. 1913.50 ELDING [H. but low cut.70* No. High cut. IY2 Youths*. Otherwise Pair. No. Otherwise as No.28 Doz. Quantity prices NOT allowed on items NOT marked with • * tPTAHENTIONGIVENTOl NY COMMUNICATIONS ADDRESSED TO US icet in effect A. Otherwise as No. TRADEMARK Trrf sole. IB. . IH. Shoes. * •* Spalding IL. Pr.25 -^ $24.. Pair. FE.*.30' Do?.. No. $1. saAie as No.%\.*. Pair. $1. High cut.$17.). '%\ .. IHB. G. No.2r. Lowcut. 2. inclusive.. M. . inclusive.25 GYMNASIUM SHOES FLEXIBLE SOLES No. prices *ee ipedal Canadil^ CatftlogHS.l^^ $18.20 Dz.90c. Especially for acrobatic work.5-5Z?5'.10 Doz. HH.00 KNOCKABOUT LEATHER No. STORES 191 6. Do=. ^oys'. Pair. Low cut. Pair. Pair. FL. BOYS' — Sizes. High No. Sizfes.Special leather Shoes are reinsoles. 17.. White Rubber Soles— All Sizes IL. " . 5. " .90 Lpw cut. S. otherwise as $1.64 No. Pair. " ^. YOUTHS'— Sizes. inclusive.50Dz. E. Z%. 7.. 11 to 2. Pr.THE SPALDING No..WKB. Leather uppers.85-^ 9. $1. K.10 " KX. Similar to Women's High Grade Canvas lasts. Lowcut.$11. inclusive. and especially for acrobatic d wrestling wear ever made. iiicluiive.191$ .. Pair.Z^-kSI3. MX.Highcut. Spalding Special Grade Canvas Shoes. " 85c.. best quality white rubber soles. inclusive.00 * $21.. Pair.50 -^ $16.73 8. No No. . Lowcut. Pair..%\.75 .50 tached. * .90 Doz.?. 6 to 12. $1.75 " ides vrinted in italics opposite items marked with wi't he quoted onhi on orders for one-hajf dozen pairs or more at one time. $1. canvas soles. . Pair.. Low cut. GW.>'?.. Pr.60 $17.. 2I2 to I it/z. with Rubber Soles 12. Extra high cut acrobatic shoes.. Low cut. Pair.75 $18. (Patented Aug. No.60 Doz. to 5 . cut. No.59.. White canvas. best quality rubber. and has been characterized as the most satisfactory shoefor gymnasium use. High cut.WMB. No.20 Doz. 2yi to 5K» inclusive.60 Doz. No..MS.2'^'k $13.. $3. 6 to H. 1 1 to 2. as No.60 -A. 9s:xx. $1. inclusive.10 " rubber soles. FN. inclusive. " No.. !ar CANVAS TOP GYMNASIUM AND BASKET BALL SHOES No. best quality white !r soles. * $18.Highcut. Otherwise same as No. H. I. Otherwise same as \H. narrow ?x.Pr. $1.* <f. $2. $1.56 " High cut.28 Doz. IN FOR COMPLETE LIST OF STORES I ALL LARGE CITIES for Canadian SEE INSIDE FRONT COVER OF THIS BOOK January Subject to change writbout notice. IHX. . $1. to to .dcic S.90 Doz. HHB.^ Flexible Soles. IH. best quahty white White canvas.. YOUTHS'-Sizes.. iive. High cut. $2. iN'S—rSizes. Youths'.85* 8. Lowcut. HH.75-^ 8. No.18 No. High cut.95c. will not harden. This shoe is made after a special model supplied by us to the U. Pair. Extra high cut. IX. $2. IHB. \. Boys'. BOYS'— Sizes. 17.SQ^SJ6. $1. and soft leather Pair. Pair. Low cut canvas.SPALDING & BROS. * -i- " 9. White Rubber Soles :N'S—Sizes.50 $16. WKX.40 Vk. High cut. High cut. special SPALDING GYMNASIUM AND ACROBATIC SHOES Corrugated rubber leather uppers. Annapolis. $4.2S " Np.75 inclusive. ick as Aug.

Each. making the best allaround striking bag disk now on the mar! Patentea April 19. almost noiseless and very quick This is disk also Combines an adjustable feature that eimple-to operate and makes it possible for various members of the family to use the same disk. .00 Patent adjustable style. Each. this feature has not been neglected. while we have striven to put out a disk which is table foi home use and moderate in price. FOR COMPLETE LIST OF STORES SEE INSIDE FRONT COVER OF THIS BOOK ' Subject tn chHa«e tvithout notice. $7. No. $7.50 . 1903. Each. Patented June 30. Each. Complete.50 ia PROMPT AHENTION GIVEN TO ANY COMMUNICATIONS AOOHESSED TO US Price* io effect January I A. ID.6. 1904 Can be put up in a very small space and taken down quickly whin not in use by simply detaching the pipe fixture from the wall plate.00 Bag U not included kbove price. without . Moline Adjustable Disk. The metal disk against which the bag strikes constitutes one of the best features ever incorporated in it an arrangement of this character. FR. $5. SPALDING DISK PLATFORM THE MOLINE DISK Combinei the able adjust- feature of our popular Moline Platform with the practical utility of the solid disk. LARGE CITIES BROS. STORES SPALDING IN ALL &. Complete. both adjustable and braced. 5. G)mplete. which we list. Spalding Adjustable No. For Canadian price* (ce *pecia) Canadian Catalogue. rendering in action. $18. Wall braced style. 191. with bag Disk Platform. . PR. without Bag. use. G.THE SPALDING A TRADEMARK "^rrrf QUALITY SPALDING STRIKING BAG DISKS striking bag disk must be substantial if it is to be of and in the two styles.

G.. g^.. Made of iron. 7 feet. For C«n«4ian pricM ««e «peci«l C«a«di«n C&Uloguo.. Each. Bag is Each.f finished. allowing plenty oi foot room.. $25.00 PROMPT unENTIDN GIVEN TO ANY COMMUNICATIONS ADDRESSED TO US A.3 whtU generally called a "Floor Disk. . Subject to «h»og« without notice.. Spalding Striking Bag Disk.„ . bag. $25..g necessary to give ceiling height. heujht. Disks Nos.o but his one is it superior to any similar style now < the marl\et in that combines with in absolute rigidity article that is for ti a adjustable features so iiecessary use. readily attached to any il studding. 1181 Spalding Striking Bag Disk." be- cause the heavy ja|tanned pipe iprights and the steel guys le attached to th» floor. and the side brackets so arranged that Neat in design and handsomely ready for shipment touches three rows r.. cast in convex form malleal-lo Wall fittings. Platform is adjustable in heigKt.. . removable swivel for attaching Can be supplied with pipe hangers for attach... J. Moline Platform. 1182. . Not car> "hen ordering Disk foi attachmeni to ceiling riedin. j^3„^j arc supplied on special . 1181 and 1182 i„g . deraonly. r^ .Kr THE SPALDING SPALDING "MOLINE" STRIKING BAG PLATFORM AND DISK Our Moline wall.„„ ^^i|i„g „. Spald ng AdjustEl le Floor Disk.^^ . . to an home make it suitable for various members of the £unily Capjible of three adjustments of Floor space re- two inches each tn a quired: 9 feet by total off six inches. $25. STORES SPALDING & BROS.. „„d^. Each platform supplied with everything necessary for attaching to wall. with Handsomely plated finished in black ename: Nickel. 6 feet. 'ithout bag or bag awivel . with Each. Each. with ceiling hangers.00 wall braces No. IN FOR GOMPLHE LIST OF STORES ALL LARGE CITIES SEE INSIDE FRONT COVEB OF THIS BOOK ^1 PriM* in «ffe«t J«niilkr]' 5. . 191. $12.. 82F.00 not included in above price.6. SPALDING STRIKING BAG DISK braces of steel pipe. I.00 SPALDING This style is ADJUSTABLE FLOOR DISK .tock. . Uprights placed 6 (eet apart. No. and crated No.. No..

8-ounce "Championship' model. 6-ounce. For Canadian price* *ee *pecial Canadian Catalogue. STORES G. Set of four gloves.SPALDING & BROS. $6 . . plain laced 118. Setof fourgloves.00 Set of four gloves. 106 16 No. 9. Brown lacing.oz. padded laced wristband. patent palm lac Set of four gloves.50 N0.50 Spalding 6-ounce "Battling" Glove. 11. No 116. 8-ounce Corbett pattern.00 N0. Spalding "Member Special" Gloves. Corbett Pattern. $6. patent palm grip SPARRI. patent palm grip Set of four gloves. model Padded wristband. 118 No. patent palm lac ing. Setof 'four gloves.NG AND FIGHTING STYLES No. patent palm lacing and patent palm grip Set of four gloves. 5-ounce.00 PROMPT AHENTION GIVEN TO ANY COMMUNICATIONS ADDRESSED TQ US . $5. . except without patented Set of four gloves.ACCEPT NO SUBSTITUTE THE SPALDING TRADEMARK SPALDING BOXING GLOVES "CHAMPIONSHIP" STYLES No. . good size. I A.00 No 218. IVlo. patent palm Spalding "Club Special" Gloves.00 No. 5-oz. Large 7. Same plastic hand protector as No. Used by champions of the navy Special "Sea Green" leather. furnished in 8-oz only. Black glove leather trimmed with red leather. Subject to change witkoi^t notice. $6. Brown glove leather Regular and large sizes. patent palm grip. 18N Highest grade made. Patent elastic hand pro tector. patent palm grip Set of four gloves. 106. full size Good glove leather Padded wrist. 6. 115. patent palm lac mg. 5. very soft and smooth. $5.$6. Regulation.00 No 8-ounce No.2 No. special padded thumb. Set of four gloves. $5.9E. wristband.I8N Spalding "Navy Special" Championship Glove. Padded wrist.padded wristband and thumb. 9E. leather. 218 N„. IN ALL FOR COMPLETE LIST OF STORES SEE INSIDE FRONT COVER LARGE CITIES OF THIS BOOK Price* in effect January 1916. For limited round contests Light tan colored glove leather. $6. patentpalmgrip. $7.00 ing.00 No 12. patent palm lacing.

Boxing Gloves £ure hair filled No cotton or carpet flock is used.00 some of the best organizations for their club contests Set of four gloves $4. patent palm lacing.4 No.00 No 100 Same as No 200. 6-ounce Regulation Pattern." Made after the suggestion of one of the most prominent athlectic officials this country Patent palm grip and palm lacing. Set of four gloves. Instructor's 10-ounce. STYLES FOR FRIENDLY BOUTS AND PRIVATE USE i. 5-ounce Regulation. 6.. Special thumb model Best grade special treated boxing glove leather. $3. 1916. Special olive tanned leather padded wristband. &. Brown glove leather Special padded thumb. Red leather. . Used by 14. Dark wine color leather Patent palm lacing. Price. Setof four gloves. Set of four gloves. Large model.00 m A. 7-ounce Corbett Pattern. 15 No 15. No No 19. patent palm grip The proper glove for friendly bouts and use at home Set of four gloves.00 . and m . no. . padded wrist.. patent palm lacing. in effect January 5. extra heavily padded over the knuckles and with special large padded thumb to pre vent injury to either instructor or pupil The leather in this glove is particularly durable. additionally padded on the forearm and over the wrist to prevent that soreness which is one of the most discouraging features following a brisk le.mi^M SPALDING BOXING GLOVES No. patent palm lacing and palm grip. It does no get hard or ruff up when wet or sub]ect to severe usage Used by the instruc"° tor's most of the large gymnasiums and boxing schools and by many prominent pugilists in training Lace extra far down for ventilation Patent palm grip Set of four gloves.. All Spaldins. STORES G.00 No 28. oak color palm. $4. Supplied regular and large sizes. 8-ounce Regular Pattern.50 No 21. . 8-ounce Corbett Pattern.<>. $7. special padded thumb. wrist and heel.50 No 200. Best grade brown glove leather. FOR COMPLETE LIST OF STORES SEE INSIDE FRONT COVER '' OF THIS BOOK For Canadian price* see tpecial Canailian Catalogue.sson in the art of "blockmg. Pupil's Double Wrist Pad.50 m . . $3. . $3. Set of four gloves. Set of four gloves. but of brown glove leather. $7. Wine color leather Patent palm lacing.SPALDING IN Subject to change without notice. ALL LARGE CITIES BROS.

Double stitched. $2.gloves. Men's practice model. patent palm lacing. padded. For Canadian pricei aee ipecial Canadian Catalogue. Set of four gloves.00 . Style of No. Brown tanned leather. correctly padded. special Brown glove Corbett Pattern. . Soft tanned leather. Black leather. $3. specially padded. All Spalding Boxing Gloves are hair filled. patent palm grip.50 . 40. patent palm lacing.50 V PROMPT ATTENTION GIVEN TO ANY COMMUNICATIONS ADORESSED TO US I A. $1. . Each.00 No. BROS. No cotton or carpet flock is used. $3. Regular Pattern. and are warranted give satisfaction 45. New Style Turned End Pattern. but slightly larger and made with khaki palm.50 No. SPALDING YOUTHS' BOXING GLOVES Spalding Youths' the size gloves of Boxmg Gloves same manner and are made in exactly of similar material to the full to our manufacture. patent palm lacing. Patent palm lacing Set of four gloves. $2. Well ventilated. Set of four gloves. 5. Youths' Size. FOR COMPLETE LIST OF STORES I ALL LARGE CITIES SEE INSIDE FRONT COVER OF THIS Boot Price* in eKoct January 1916. Youths' "Championship" Glove. Set of four . Set of four gloves. and patent palm lacing Set of four gloves.SPALDING IN Subject to change without notice.^\ Spalding Boxing Helmet Complete protection for ears.50 No. . 23. 23. Wine colored leather. Comfortable and practical.00 No. $2.50 No.GUARANTEES QUALITY SPALDING BOXING GLOVES MEN'S PRACTICE STYLES No.50 No. . Patent palm grip. 23. Set of four gloves. $2. 25. Corbett Pattern. &. with wine colored leather palm. 23N. Best quality brown glove leather and extra well finished. leather. Style of No. $2. 24K. Turned End Pattern. . $1. nose and eyes. 22. but slightly larger and made with khaki palm. . Set of four gloves. STORES G. 25K. turned end pattern. patent palm lacing. Youths' Size. well padded. No .

but made of black Catalina goatskin leather. Especially suited for Sewed with and strongest of leather. very smooth and particularly durable. Each. The Bladders used in all our Strikin fully guaranteed. is of the same way. light linen . red welted seams and reinforced throughout. thread. double . . $7. the lightest Btitched >Io. The "Fitzsimmons of finest selected Special. 18. be found extremely satisfactory in Each." Made olive Napa tanned leather.SPALDING STORES IN S. Same as used contests. For Canadian price* lee (pecial Canadian Catalogue. 191. PROMPT AHENTION GIVEN TO ANY COMMUNICATIONS A. 20 bag. . Each. exhibition work. material as No. . . A very fast and durable bag for use. double stitched. • ^'^^' $8-00 Made of finest selected calfskin. . . " I The fastest bag made. . 20. Each. with red brown welted seams all . 19. &. but very strong and durable No.00 193. 19. Each. to get into condition brown calfskin. io. $6. JJ. dfect J«iuianr Subject to change without notice. heavy English grain leather. $6.00 No. and red welted seams. and a very fast bag. Special training bag.00 G. $8.ffirE THE SPALDING iTRADE-MARKtuATrf SPALDING SINGLE END STRIKING BAGS lo. This a heavy. . . Model of our popular No. suitable for all around exercise work and the strongest bag made. $8. Made Same of highest quality Patna kid. $9. FOR COMPLETE LIST OF STORES SEE INSIOE FRONT COVER OF THIS BOOK CoMi ia. gymnasium bag. around .00 It will outlast two or three bags of any other make. . Leather is is a special selection of by Champions both here and abroad. 20G. .00 .00 No. AOOBESSEDTQUS ALL LARGE CITIES BROS. Each. extra well made.6. for important . but furnished with special bladder and weighs only T/2 ounces complete. durable The cover Jo.G. . same as used in our best grade foot balls and basket balls and made in With loop top . For training purposes particularly this bag will every respect.

red welted seams. 18. Each. lined throughout.. 6. red welted seams. PROMPT ATTENTION GIVEN TO ANY COMMUNICATIONS AOOBESSED TO US Pric«* in effect January 5. and rope for ceiling attachment. Extremely durable and lively. Note special explanation of guarantee on tag attached to each bladder. Elastic cord 20c. reinforced and double stitched seams. . . rubber cord for floor. Each. Regulation size. fine stitched and red wehed seams. cover. 4^. . $2. Regulation size.00 . No. Best elastic cord.00 leather. $4. A. substantial brown leather cover. Double End Bags Each. good colored sheepskin. good quality dark olive tanned Elach. Each. 5. $5. Fine olive tanned leather Regulation size. 3. $1.. BROS. double stitched and substantially made. workmanship same as "Fitzsimmons" Special No. 2.. Medium size. No.G.50 No. . No.50 . craven tanned leather. 3 'A. Double stitched. brown glove leather cover. specially cover. . No. made Regulation size.sSS!l?E THE SPALDING TRADEMARK "^ffil^s SPALDING DOUBLE END BAGS All double end striking bags supplied complete with guaranteed bladder. double stitched.00 throughout.. D. 7. Each. Each. double .50 red welted seams No 2'A. FOR COMPLETE LIST or STORES SEE INSIOE FRONT COVER OF THIS BOOK 1916 change witbout For Canadian price* *ee tpecial Canadian Catalogue. lace.. IN ALL LARGE CITIES noficQ. 4. Finest selected olive Napa tanned leather. $5. Each. double stitched.00 .00 Elastic Floor Attachments for all No. $2. .. Black leather regulation size. . 30c " No.SPALDING . red Extra well made welted seams Each... Bladders used in all our Strik Bags are fully guaranteed. well ^ fc t No. $6.. $3. $3.00 . fine grain throughout. lined throughout Each. teinned No. leather . STORES Subj»!ct to &. E. . Regulation size. No. red welted seams. lined throughout.

full size full size . bags are made with rope attachment carefully centered.ACCEPT NO SUBSTITUTE n ss SPALDING SINGLE END STRIKING BAGS Bag punching capable of so interesting is really many a fascinating diversion. Specially tanned brown glove leather. so that the bladder may be inflated without interfering with rope. Each. Each $5. in effect January 5. Subject to- change without For Canadian prices see . A. When its healthful advantages are considered it is remarkable that there are not more bags in use.CatalogUB.. Our single end striking of any. Fine craven tanned leather.50 " "t No. that it is young boy and the seasoned athlete. 16. COMPLETE LIST OF STORES SEE INSIDE FRONT G0VE8 OF THIS BOOK 1916. red welted seams. No. No.00 . The same is triie of many men who really could use a punching bag with benefit and very conveniendy. well finished Extra fine grain leather. 10. Excellent for quick work. $3. comblTiations. red welted seams and reinforced throughout.00 No. Black and lined throughout. especially where thefc are boys and girls who would not othenvise take sufficient exercise to keep them in good phyalike to the sical condition. red welted seams.are fully guaranteed.G. Very well made. specially . 17. leather..^. and lined throughout./ . red welted seams and reinforced throughout. selected double stitched. No. reinforced throughout Each. STORES IN ALL LARGE CITIES notice. where business in many cases sufficient outdoor exercise is simply impossible. .pedal Canadian. 15.SPALDING & BROS. in action The Bladders us«d in all our Striking Bags. 12. making them the most certain Laces on side at top. welted seams double stitched. $4. FOI( •> PROMPT ATTENTION GIVEN TJl ANY COMMUNICATIONS AOORESSEDTOUS Price. . double stitched. Olive tannecl leather.

which i< (aliened permanently.B. 65c. $2.00 No 2. bags Each. m No.BP. Made of olive tanned leather.50 STRIKING BAG BLADDERS No.50 full size ^^^ A BLADDERS No. G. For Nos. 90c. Under View. 3. ) 6.00 . 4.$1. OS. padded and well made also made ysi^ . .10 Each. Each. 3 For No. For Nos.5. Mitt. 7. IS BLADDERS No. lace and rope. well 75c padded padded. No. 12 and 10. made according of to sugges- tions of experienced that bag punchers.SPALDING & BROS. 17. ShowinL removable!' Showing swivel. 20. full size and lined throughout. 5. $1. nickel-plated. Each. . Each. so that the without interfering with rope. J/ a No. carefully centered. $1. :1 E^ch. 4. to disk. Each. neck of 25c. IN ALL LARGE CITIES 1916. IS. bag No.4and4. well PROMPT AnENTION GIVEN TO ANY COMMUNICATIONS AODRESSED TO US Price. ForNos.^S^Ke THE SPALDING Our single TRADEMARK "^"nK^^ making them the most certain SPALDING SINGLE END STRIKING BAGS end bags are made with rope atUchment Laces on side at top. 15^. $2. 2>^ and 2 .SP. For Nos. 20G. $1. 14. 5. and 16. cylinder 1054 inches.90 19. Elach. A. 80c. 2. Made of olive Napa leather and extra well padded. Made of soft tanned leather. No. For any top stem No. substantially put together Pair. No. in effect January 5. STORES G. 15 No.80c. bladder may be is inflated Each bag most carefully inspected and then packed in complete No. Mitt. with features ordinary style. No. size. 3. in action of any. 5. ventilated palm and special elastic wrist in glove Pair. 12. properly shaped and padded. with any other part of swivel. Made of soft tanned leather. 65c. Each. 3. I9S No.7P. 7 bag. Nickel-plated with removable socket for quickly suspending or moving bag without readjusting No.50 re- No. overcome disadvantages Rope can be changed No. and 14 Each. women's size No. Fastens permanently No. 3 SPALDING STRIKING BAG MITTS Will protect the hands and are recommended for use with all Striking Bags No. " Top View. Ball and Socket Action. red welted seams. $1.6. Club Small size.50 "•^^ No. 50c No. " K. bags . 25c.4. Ea. For Canadian price* »ee *pecial Canadian Catalogue. 2 SPALDING BRASS INFLATERS No. 4 instantly without interfering .. Each. ForNo. box with bladder. A special swivel. Good quality colored sheepskin lined throughout Each. 75c. Knuckle No. .GBag. 1. .5. Subject to change without notice. SPALDING STRIKING BAG SWIVELS No.5. Knuckle in Pair. For Nos. .

For Canadian price* lee special Canadian Catalogue. of inc. G. STORES IN ALL FOR COMPLETE LIST OF STORES SEE INSIDE FRONT COVED LARGE CITIES OF THIS BOOK f rice* in cKect Januaiy 5.. communicate with A. INC CHICOPEE. Spalding furnish & Bros. For prices. and recommend the use DURAND STEEL LOCKERS having found their quahty and workmanship to be in keeping with the class of work manufactured by them.. SPALDING & BROS.G.SPALDING & BROS. PROMPT AHENTION GIVEN TO ANY COMMUNICATIONS ADDBESSED TO US A. G. MASS. Subject to change without notice. . 1916.^li^^s?[mE THE SPALDING A. catalogues or other information.

This briefly. A which vary with local trade conditions. and no special rebates or discriminations are allowed to anyone. viz. it is impossible for a Manufacturer to long maintain a Standard Qyality. the profits to both the manufacturer and the jobber are assured but as there is no stability maintained in the prices to the consumer. and demand for the 1 Policy. as well as users of Spalding Athletic Goods. To market his goods through the jobber. and this enables us to provide the necessary quantity and absolutely maintain the Spalding Standard of Qyality. well ahead of their respective seasons. When the season opens for the sale of such goods. Second. Under this system of merchandising. the very best raw materials required in the manufacture of our various goods. these high list prices are but their real purpose viill have been served v^^hen the absolutely essential manufacturer has secured his order from the jobber. and. to figure out attractive profits to both the jobber and retailer. and the consumer is assured a Standard Qyality and is protected from imposition. and acts in two ways Goods : First.— As manufacturers. All retail dealers handling Spalding Athletic Goods are requested to supply consumers at our regular printed catalogue prices neither more nor less — the same prices that similar goods are sold for in our New York. SPALDING & BROS. in his turn. A. However. meets this lower. — A. All Spalding dealers. and grapples with the situation as best he can. G. and inaugurated what has since become knovym as " The Spalding This demoralization always reacts on the manufacturer." which has already been in successful operation for the past 17 years. prices.— The user is assured of genuine Official Standard Athletic Goods. these deceptive high list prices are not fair to the consumer. "The Spalding Policy" is a "square deal" for everybody. the keen competition amongst the local dealers invariably leads to a demoralized cutting of prices by which the profits of the retailer are practically eliminated. still on lower. . is not ever expected to pay these fancy list prices. G. determined to rectify this demoralization in the Athletic Goods Trade.: the cheapening and degrading of the quality of his product. The foregoing conditions became so intolerable that 7 years ago. -when booking his orders. To meet these conditions of Dual Profits. a manufacturer must provide a profit for the jobber as well as for the retail dealer. and the jobber has secured his order from the retailer. The jobber insists The manufacturer. In other words. in reality. the manufacturer is obliged to set a proportionately high list price on his goods to the consumer. is "The Spalding Policy. with their misleading but alluring high list prices." . in 1899. and will be indefinitely continued. we can proceed with confidence in purchasing at the proper time. the retailer begins to realize his responsibilities. Spalding & Bros. are treated exactly alike. by offering "special discounts. lowering of prices by the only way open to him. "The Spalding Policy" is decidedly for the interest and protection of the users of Athletic Goods. Without a definite and Standard Mercantile Policy. so far as Spalding are concerned." "The Spalding Policy" eliminates the jobber entirely. Chicago and other stores. and the retail dealer secures the supply of Spalding Athletic Goods direct from the manufacturer by which the retail dealer is assured a fair and legitimate profit on all Spalding Athletic Goods.standard Policy Standard Qyality must be inseparably linked to a Standard Policy. . who does not. To enable the glib salesman.

because it must legally contain a specific pioportion and the fact of its being Genuine is guaranteed by the Government Stamp As a protection to the users of this currency against counterfeitmg and thereon.^T^. Therefore. considerable money is expended in maintaining a Secret to a Bureau of Experts. as forty ous as is the necessity of the Government in maintaining a Standard Currency. Spalding & Bros. we urge all users of our Athletic Goods to assist us in maintaining the Spalding Standard of Excellence. to which are compared all other things of a similar Standard unit nature. %)h<^.standard Quality An article that is universally given the appellation "Standard" is thereby conceded to be the criterion. caused their Trade-Mark to become known U." for A." with whom low prices are the main consideration. Service other tricks. is. A manufacturer of recognized Standard Goods. Thus each consumer is not only insuring himself but also protecting other consumers when he assists a Reliable Manufacturer in upholding his TradeMark and all that it stands for. because without this precaution our best efforts towards Standard Qyality and preventing fraudulent substitution will be ineffectual. being Manufacturers of Standard Articles invariably suffer the reputation of makers of high-priced. therefore. and this sentiment is fostered and emphasized by " inferior goods." throughout the years. Under the law. The necessity of upholding the Guarantee of the Spalding Trade-Mark and obvimaintaining the Standard Qyality of their Athletic Goods. . Consequently the "Consumer's Protection" against misrepresentation and "inferior quality" rests entirely upon the integrity and responsibility of the " Manufacturer. world as a Guarantee of Qyality as dependable in their field as the Currency is in its field. whose idea of and basis of a claim for depends principally upon the eloquence of the salesman. the Gold Dollar of the United States is the of pure gold of currency. by goods which insisting that our Trade-Mark be plainly stamped on all athletic maintaining they buy. have. with a reputation to uphold manufacand a guarantee to protect must necessarily have higher prices than a Standard Quality turer of cheap goods. We know from experience that there is no quicksand more unstable than poverty in quality— and we avoid this quicksand by Standard Quality. S. by their rigorous attention to "Quality. G. citizen manufacturers must depend against great extent upon Trade-Marks and similar devices to protect themselves "Pubhc counterfeit products— without the aid of "Government Detectives" or Opinion" to assist them. For instance.

AUSTRALIA and v^i GLASGOW. . c-. FRANCE SYDNEY. Spalding ""^"'^ CINCINNATI PARIS. LONDON. ENGLAND X^BA^Y ALBANY BUFFALO CLEVELAND LOS ANGELES BIRMINGHAM. -AIN end RETAIL STORES NEW YORK BOSTON ® Bros ~ "^V . ENGLAND BRISTOL. ENGLAND Ari^ANTA ST PAUL LIVERPOOL.Y^.G. LOUIS. ENGLAND ) NEW ORLEANS I LOUISVILLE DENVER EDINBURGH. BROOKLYN CHICAGO " SAN FRANCISCO PHILADELPHIA CHICOPEE. CANADA PARIS. WASHINGTON PITTS BURGH Ml NNEAl LONDON. '^_' CHICAGO STLOUfS MILWAUKEE KANSAS CITY WING CITIE newar'k"'^ SArrL^Nxi'sco SEATTLE COLUMBUS SALTlAKFriTV SYRACUSE ROCHESTER INDIANAPOLIS PORtVanD f^ili^^i!?.%. ENGLAND MANCHESTER.A ATHLETIC LIBRARY separate book covers every Athletic and IS Official and Standard Sport Price 10 cents each URAND PRIZE ST. r*. SCOTLAND > ) Spa Idiny 6r Bros. 1904 ATHLETIC GOODS A. SCOTLAND (^ DALLAS MONTREAL. CANi TORONTO. 1900 MAINTAIN WHOLESALE nn^ p?^.

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