Fashion Careers

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• Fashion Design Production Fashion Designer • Fashion Accessory Designer Marketing/Merchandising Fashion Merchandiser Fashion Buyer Fashion Sales Rep Fashion Coordinator Showroom Sales Rep Retail Merchandiser Product Manager Clothing Patternmaker Visual Merchandiser Retail Store Manager Pattern Grader Boutique Owner

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• Fashion Media & Promotions Fashion Writer Fashion Stylist Fashion PR Specialist Fashion Editor Fashion Illustrator Graphic Designer Fashion Photographer

• Other Fashion Careers Costume Designer Personal Stylist Model

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Fashion Design Production
• Fashion and accessory designers use their knowledge of design principles, techniques, and tools to create sketches and models of original garments, shoes, handbags and other fashion accessories. • They often specialize in a particular facet of clothing design, such as men's, women's, children's wear, or lingerie. • While some fashion designers control the entire design and marketing process, others use the services of patternmakers to create original textiles and trimmings, production managers to oversee the actual creation of the fashion line, and fashion merchandisers to introduce and establish the designs in the fashion marketplace.
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specialty and retail stores. shows. 7. bridal. Fashion design is a demanding and unpredictable job with long hours. and fashion studios. and sales departments to design. marketing. or denims. or individual jobs. More experienced designers may be required to travel to promote their fashion lines. 3. 4. baby outfits. Apparel Designer Job Description: 1. Fashion designers usually specialize in a specific line of clothing such as women. haute couturiers. and promote a finished. and individual clients. an example being tailors who produce custom designs for weddings and other special events. kids. maternity. 5. They analyze fashion trends and work closely with production. sportswear etc. Fashion designers conceptualize and create new clothing. such as tshirts. individual designers may work in very specialized areas. men. 5 . maternity clothes. 6. 2. especially when deadlines approach for launches. produce. Potential employers include retailers. textile and apparel manufacturers. In larger fashion houses. ready-to-wear product for apparel manufacturers.FASHION DESIGNER Alternate Titles: Clothes Designer. evening dresses.

Career Path: Design Assistant > Assistant Designer > Associate Designer > Fashion Director • • • • • • • 6 . drawing and sketching skills computer skills (especially with the use of CAD . shape.Outlook: • • Demand for fashion designers will remain strong as consumers constantly seek new styles and fashion.computer assisted design) knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts knowledge of manufacturing and production process ability to deal with ambiguity and rejection and to handle stress due to deadlines good business and marketing skills. and color above-average ability for sewing skills. which creates more overall demand for clothing and accessories. Personal Characteristics and Skillsability to discriminate between colors and judge fabric quality & a good eye for style. and the population is growing. Expect long hours in the beginning and be prepared for seasonal slowdowns.

in order to react to create pieces that complement the new hot styles in the market. Shoe Designer. 3. 7 . belts. gloves. handbags. shoes. but also within apparel and fabric markets. etc. 2. Handbag Designer. moms. to go with clothing. as well as the customers for whom they design these accessories. etc. be it men. Accessory designers conceptualize and create designs for jewelry. Accessory designers usually specialize in a specific line of accessories. Accessory designers must always stay in touch not only with trends in their own specialties.ACCESSORY DESIGNER Also called: Jewelry Designer. ties. hats. and so on. Job Description: 1. kids. brides. women.

drawing and sketching skills • knowledge of and ability to react to current fashion trends • knowledge of manufacturing and production process • ability to keep production within a tight budget. ability to work independently. so most accessory designers work independently.Outlook: • • Accessory design is a highly competitive field that requires a lot of selfmotivation. handle stress due to deadlines Career Path: Design Assistant/ Freelance Accessory Designer > Associate Staff Accessory Designer > Accessory Designs Director 8 . etc) • persistence and determination. Few staff positions are available. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • above average ability for creative expression • technical skill in working with materials required for the chosen specialty (such as metal and semi-precious stones for jewelry designers.

3. 2. 5. Fashion merchandisers on the apparel production side track and analyze market trends. Merchandisers are some of the most powerful employees within an apparel company. They may also be responsible for tracking profits and losses. Apparel Merchandiser Job Description: 1.FASHION MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandiser. A fashion merchandiser needs to be one of the first in the industry to spot the trend. and have large personnel management responsibilities. and previous sales numbers to determine the product direction that the manufacturers will take each season. production costs. Fashion merchandising professionals on the retail side are responsible for determining store inventory and to price clothes (MPR) 4. 9 .

decisive. detail oriented. calm under pressure. there are a number of merchandiser positions open • Those who have the business acumen and good fashion judgment to achieve and maintain profitability in their sector could advance high up the executive ladder. Career Path: Fashion Buyer > Merchandising Assistant > Merchandiser > Merchandising Director 10 . As a result. Personal Characteristics and Skills – • extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends • highly analytical with strong math skills • ability to predict and create fashion trends • ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions. • ability to work with other executives. well-organized.Outlook: • Every apparel maker needs at least one fashion merchandiser.

3. 2. assist in solving problems the customer may have with the product. Sales representatives usually solicit orders from new and prospective customers within a designated geographical area. Fashion Sales Representatives sell a manufacturer's garments and accessories to Fashion Buyers from wholesale and retail stores. 11 . illustrations. and catalogs of their manufacturer's product line. 4. They listen to their customers concerns about the product. Apparel Sales Representative Job Description: 1. and must be able to answer any questions regarding the products. and even help the customer sell more of the product by arranging special events like trunk shows and in-store fashion shows featuring their products. This is a position that requires a good deal of travel. 5. sometimes internationally.FASHION SALES REPRESENTATIVE Also called: Manufacturer's Representative. They show samples.

• Often the key to getting a job is the willingness and flexibility to travel to remote locations. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • highly competitive • belief in the product and ability to maintain enthusiasm for it • excellent communication skills .both written and oral • establish good relationships with customers • self-motivated with good follow-through skills • ability to deal with rejection and remain upbeat • knowledge of fashion industry trends and manufacturer's competitors.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. with additional positions available overseas. • Higher than average growth within the US is projected in this sector. Career Path: Showroom Sales Representative/Assistant > Sales Representative > Sales Manager > Regional Sales Manager > National Sales Manager > VP Sales 12 .

4. excellent communication and presentation skills.SHOWROOM SALES REPRESENTATIVES Also called: Showroom Salesperson. They must then make sure that the right quantity of the right product reaches their customers' stores at the right time and in saleable condition. Showroom Representative Job Description: 1. they are responsible for accurately taking the Fashion Buyers order. Showroom sales reps should expect to work additional long hours during the four to six market weeks or fashion weeks each year. • With enough experience and some additional education or training. where they meet with visiting Fashion Buyers and show the latest product line. Once they convince the Fashion Buyer to purchase the manufacturer's products. • Although a showroom sales rep is a fairly competitive position. college graduates with good communication skills and the right personality have a good chance of being hired. outgoing. Career Path: Showroom Sales Assistant > Showroom Sales Representative > Showroom Sales Manager 13 . good organizational and computer skills. Personal Characteristics/Skills . 3. friendly. knowledge of manufacturing and retail sectors of the fashion industry. Outlook: • Good to Excellent.enthusiastic. They work at manufacturers and/or designers offices. advancement is a good possibility. good listener. 2.

selling and distribution of a manufacturer or designer's products. usually starting at an analyst or assistant position. construction. ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions. extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends. 4. 3. Outlook: • Employment is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012. design. Personal Characteristics/Skills . ability to work with other executives. Career Path: Market Analyst > Merchandiser > Product Manager > Director of Product Management 14 . they can be promoted into an executive leadership position.PRODUCT MANAGER Also called: Product Development Manager Job Description: 1. Product Managers are responsible for overseeing the conceptualization. This is a fairly senior position within a manufacturer's organization. They are also responsible for overseeing the set-up and implementation of quality assurance protocols for their product. decisive. calm under pressure. well-organized. • As product managers gain extensive experience and knowledge of the manufacturer's operations. 2. detail oriented. Product Managers usually handle a specific product. • Most aspiring product managers must work up to this senior level.highly analytical with strong math skills. or product line.

computer assisted drawing). squares. detail oriented. manufacturers or as freelancers. ability to visualize the finished garment from a designers drawings. 2. good communication skills. straight and curved rules). Because of their understanding of the technical aspect of a design. Clothing patternmakers make full-size paper or fiberboard patterns for clothing. • As styles become more complicated. Outlook: • Pattern makers are very important to designers and fashion houses. Alternatively Patternmakers may be promoted into Manufacturing/Production Management positions. Career Path: Fabric Cutter/Grader > Patternmaker > Assistant Designer > Designer.CLOTHING PATTERN MAKER Also called: Pattern Maker. Apparel Patternmaker. Personal Characteristics/Skills . patternmakers often act as liaisons between the design and manufacturing groups. yet the number of people entering the trade has declined. 3. • There should be opportunities either working for designers. and sketches. expertise with body proportions.great technical skills with an ability to use drafting tools (calipers. designs. Fabric Patternmaker Job Description: 1. Patternmakers use their expertise in body proportions and knowledge of fabric to translate the designer's apparel sketches into its various pattern pieces. pattern makers are vital to the success of a design. good computer skills (specifically with CAD programs . understanding of apparel manufacturing process. 15 .

Understanding of apparel construction and manufacturing and patternmaking. Pattern graders may use charts. 2. Career Path: Pattern Grading Assistant > Pattern Grader > Patternmaker > Production Manager 16 . M. Personal Characteristics/Skills . • With the right attitude. ability to manage deadlines and multiple projects. or computer programs in their work. L. Pattern graders are responsible for reducing or enlarging a pattern created by a patternmaker order to produce clothes across a range of sizes (S. petite). ability to do precise manual work. In general. especially through turnover or attrition. but may also work for firms that specialize in pattern grading (such as an outsourcing provider). analytical and problem-solving skills. Outlook: • Opportunities for pattern graders are available. • Pattern graders may work directly for design houses or manufacturers. anyone starting as a pattern grader should have opportunities to progress on the road to becoming production managers. machinery. etc) and fits (tall. pattern grading is considered more of a technically oriented career than patternmaking or designing. technical expertise and experience.PATTERN GRADER Also called: Grader Job Description: 1. good drafting and math skills.

Fashion Marketing/Merchandising 17 .

Drawing on their knowledge of consumer psychology and trends.Fashion Marketing/Merchandising • They are responsible for identifying and creating fashion trends to sell the products created by fashion designers. The fashion merchandising field includes jobs in both retail and wholesale sales. they promote fashion with advertising and visual marketing campaigns. 18 .

Fashion buyers use their sense of style. Buyers often make their purchases of apparel and accessories from manufacturers. knowledge of fashion trends. Buyer Job Description: 1. or wholesalers for the retailers or departmental stores 1 or 2 seasons in advance. and future fashion trends. present.g.. 2. Buyers must also be good at budgeting and planning inventory so that a good selection of clothing is always available for customers. 3. men's suits or women's denim) 19 . and understanding of their target customers' desires to create an attractive selection of apparel for retail stores. 4. so it is important for fashion buyers to be able to understand past. Buyers for larger department stores usually specialize in a specific line of clothes or accessories (e. designers.FASHION BUYER Also called: Apparel Buyer.

Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Fashion buyers must be fashion-lovers with knowledge of fashion history and trends • good analytical skills • good negotiation abilities • flexible work attitude • excellent budgeting and planning skills • inventory management skills • ability to deal well with deadlines and stress. • Advancement opportunities are good: Those who start at the assistant buyer level have a good chance of becoming full-fledged buyers within 3 to 5 years. Career Path: Assistant Fashion Buyer > Fashion Buyer > Divisional Merchandise Manager 20 . • The overall number of fashion buyer positions available is expected to decrease. but new positions become available as a result of internal promotions of experienced buyers.Outlook: • Good to Excellent.

and serving as a middleman with fabric mills. 6. suppliers. design house. Long hours and frequent travel are part of the job. 21 .CO-ORDINATOR Also called: Fashion Director Job Description: 1. designs. 3. and textiles are according to plan. 5. Fashion coordinators then share their analyses with retail salespeople and/or editors to guide them in making customer recommendations. Fashion directors need to assess the potential success of a garment or clothing line and determine the best plan for promotion and marketing. and wholesalers to ensure that things are on schedule and colors. 4. They are constantly monitoring industry publications and talking to designers in order to understand industry trends and keep up with the latest in fabric and textile development. and they also share their analysis with buyers to guide them in making inventory purchases. 2. Additional responsibilities of a fashion coordinator may include organizing fashion parades. supervising fashion photography shoots for promotions. or fashion magazine. Fashion Coordinators are responsible for creating a unified look and feel across all fashion divisions of a department store.

• There are only a limited number of Fashion Coordinator positions available since it is a high-level position..g. styles. and presentation skills. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • excellent understanding of fashion (e. design houses. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Assistant Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Director 22 .Outlook: • Fair to Great. colors. • However. negotiation. etc.) • knowledge and understanding of fashion trends • a flair for style. and department stores. great networking skills • great organizational skills • excellent communication. judgment. cuts. these are available in areas like fashion magazines. fabrics. in-depth understanding of consumer behavior • an interest in artistic and creative pursuits.

RETAIL MERCHANDISER Also called: Merchandise Manager. 6. visit manufacturers. expertise in planning. in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion marketplace. 5. division or chain. purchase. highly organized. great leadership and management skills. They may also be responsible for organizing and coordinating promotional activities like fashion shows. department. They work with a team of buyers and managers to decide the most effective way to sell their products including advertising and display of merchandise & on how and where best to position and place merchandise. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Exceptional analytical skills. manufacturers and products. 3. consumers. They study fashion trends. 2. 4. Like Fashion Buyers. designers and merchandise markets. forecasting. Outlook: Good to Excellent. designers. strong time management skills. pricing. competitors. Fashion Merchandiser Job Description: 1. and make fashion forecasts basted on the information they collect. Career Path: Buyers > Associate Merchandising Manager > Merchandise Manager > General Merchandising Manager 23 . Merchandisers may also specialize in a specific line of clothing. product development and sales. promote and sell clothing and accessories for a retail store. Retail Merchandisers select. Long hours and plenty of travel are often part of the job.

Their mail goals are: (1) create and maintain an image for a department or store that resonates with their target customers.g. Visual Merchandisers are responsible for conceptualizing. designing.VISUAL MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandise Display Artist. and any other areas where the store's apparel and accessories are displayed. such as holidays (e. 6. Visual Display Artists take into account current fashions and trends. 5. Visual Merchandisers coordinate with the head office and other design teams (including buyers and sales staff) to ensure consistency with the corporate brand or image. 3. In addition to drawing on their knowledge of customer tendencies when designing their displays. Visual Merchandisers must combine their creativity and artistic flair with technical know-how to set up displays that maximize the space of the store while effectively catching the eye and appealing to the senses of their target customers. and (3) guide their customers' browsing through merchandise placement and store layout to result in an eventual sale. and seasonal factors. Christmas and Valentine's Day). Visual Merchandisers may provide input or oversee the design and layout of a store or department. 2. Visual Display Designer Job Description: 1. fashion showrooms. promoted. tradeshow displays. 4. or sold. In larger department stores or retail chains. promotions.. and implementing window and instore displays for both online and brick and mortar retail stores. 24 . (2) increase customer traffic in the store.

Outlook: • Good to Excellent. etc) is helpful. • Now that retailers have realized the positive impact that displays can have on their in.store customer traffic and therefore their bottom lines. or they may be promoted to managerial positions of greater responsibilities. 2. Visual Merchandiser jobs are projected to grow at a pace higher than the national average. Technical and design expertise (e. Career Path: Visual Merchandising Assistant > Visual Merchandiser > Visual Merchandising Coordinator > Visual Merchandising Director 25 . Personal Characteristics and Skills: 1. setting up proper lighting. as well as knowledge of fashion and art/design industry trends and forecasts. • Experienced Visual Merchandisers who have a proven track record of creating great displays may have the option of joining or starting their own firms specializing in visual merchandising for retailers. building stet. Creativity is key with an above-average ability for artistic expression. • In the coming years.g. props. It is also important to have the ability to work well with others. skilled Visual Merchandisers have become more sought after.

2.RETAIL STORE MANAGER Also called: Store Manager. firing and promoting employees. and as such must have the right combination of fashion industry knowledge. evenings and holidays are often part of the job. They are ultimately responsible for the store's bottom line. Department Store Manager Job Description: 1. ordering a store's merchandise inventory. 3. training. setting up pricing policies. Retail store managers are very high-level employees who are responsible for overseeing all aspects of a store's operations. business acumen. to hiring. Working long hours. 26 . and interpersonal skills to keep their stores profitable. weekends. store managers do or at least are involved in some manner in everything from approving visual displays and print or television advertisements. Depending on the size of a store. 4.

Candidates with retail experience will have the the best opportunity for jobs as store managers. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Associate Manager > Store Manager > Department Store Manager 27 .Outlook: Employment for retail store managers / supervisors is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012. Job stability for Retail Store Managers is now more than ever determined by the store's ongoing profitability. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • interpersonal and management skills • highly organized • detail oriented yet constantly thinking of the big picture • good business skills particularly in marketing. sales and management. accounting. The growth of national chains has created more jobs at companies (instead of small retail stores) and thus created a career development path for many aspiring managers.

novelty items. 3. lingerie. 28 . Their stores often target a specific customer profile and often carry a specific mix of clothing and/or apparel designers that appeal to this demographic. shoes. and more. beachwear. Owner Job Description: 1. dresses. setting up the in-store displays and managing employees. One could start a fashion boutique in one of the following areas: sportswear. tuxedos. 4.BOUTIQUE OWNER Also called: Specialty Store Owner. T-shirts. Boutique owners must be jacks of all trades as they typically oversee all aspects of a boutiques operations from planning and purchasing their inventory. Successful boutique owners are very entrepreneurial-minded and driven people who use a combination of savvy business skills and in-depth knowledge of the fashion retail industry to make a profit. 2. accessories. sunglasses. vintage. watches. handbags.

• Setting up a boutique usually requires obtaining a bank loan or drawing from personal savings to cover initial investments. Sales and Management • in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion retail marketplace. including trends and forecasts • flexible. successful owners are those who can attract investors with a solid business plan and operational structure.Outlook: • Being a small business owner is a dream for many people. • Once the store is profitable. owners can go on to open additional stores. • Often. sell franchises for subsequent locations. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • entrepreneurial and risk-taking personality • solid business background in fields such as Marketing. Accounting. and the value of being one's own boss cannot be underestimated. excellent time management and communication skills. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Retail Manager > Boutique Owner 29 . multi-tasking capabilities. or if they have created a strong enough brand.

Fashion Media & Promotions 30 .

• Fashion writers and editors are employed by newspapers. web sites. and other media outlets to keep consumers up-to-date on style trends. magazines. • Fashion photographs. 31 . and stylists are often employed by catalogs and magazines.Fashion Media & Promotions • The fashion industry offers a number of opportunities for creative professionals who aren't attracted to the design side. illustrators.

but for those who specialize in areas like designer collection reviews. editors. The majority of the industry's fashion writers work within editorial departments of fashion design firms. 32 . newspapers. Like all journalists. After developing these stories behind the scenes. who together dig up their own stories e.g. 3. fashion / design websites or blogs. 2. models. Talented fashion editors tend to partner with photographers. Fashion Reporter Job Description: 1. fashion reporters must do thorough research and/or conduct interviews when preparing articles. Most draw upon their personal interest and incorporate their own personality into stories to make their pieces fun. celebrities and others who make up fashion's inner circle. 5. Fashion Critic.. Fashion writers produce editorial copy for media outlets such as fashion magazines. formal portraits of designers.FASHION WRITER Also called: Fashion Journalist.. and of course for television. submitting articles on a freelance basis is often the preferred career direction. interesting and engaging to readers. 4. they are pitched to chief editors or other fashion media buyers like Vogue or Cosmo.

designers. • The fashion writing industry can be extremely competitive. and superior research and fact-checking skills are essential. spelling and grammar). • A love of fashion and knowledge about the industry. Skills – • Excellent English communication and writing skills (e.Good interpersonal communication skills are needed for interviews and dealing with editors. attention to detail. Freelance fashion writers must have persistence and perseverance and be good at marketing their work Career Path: Editorial Assistant > Staff Fashion Writer > Fashion Editor 33 . textiles.. fabrics and business are also important. Personal Characteristics . historical trends.g.Outlook: • National employment demand for all fashion journalists and writers is expected to grow through 2014. • Two thirds of the nations working fashion editors will reside in either New York or California (US Dept of Labor).

public relations firms. print advertisement. Companies such as magazines. commercial. or wealthy clients as wardrobe consultants to help them prepare for major events or appearances. which can include basic tasks such as steaming and ironing garments. celebrities. newspapers. Fashion stylists are responsible for bringing to life a photographer or director's vision for a fashion photo shoot. layout. Stylists may also be employed by agents. 4. create the mood for the shoot by selecting and setting up the appropriate props.FASHION STYLIST Job Description: 1. They coordinate colors and styles and ensure that all clothes are ready for the shoot. catalog publishers. Fashion stylists often scout locations. 2. and even models to fit the theme of the shoot. accessories. etc. 3. television and film production houses. and music production companies often employ fashion stylists. music video. retailers. advertising agencies. Many stylists also choose to run their own businesses. 34 . 5. fashions.

Personal Characteristics and Skills – • eye for style. Libery Ross. Keira Knightly Wardrobe stylist for Madonna. etc. • The most successful fashion stylists have extensive networks of contacts within the fashion industry to get the job done quickly and on budget. bills. Lauren Hutton. Kelly Price 35 .Outlook: • Aspiring fashion stylists should expect to work their way to the top. Kylie Minogue. trends and forecasts • technical know-how for setting up sets. budgets. clients usually hire stylists they have used in the past or those who have proven success in the business. ability to market oneself • savvy business skills to deal with invoicing. • Once established. • In addition. Mischa Barton. Career Path: Intern/Stylist's Apprentice > Assistant Fashion Stylist > Staff Fashion Stylist Famous Fashion Stylists: Jeff Ihenando: Stylist for supermodels Kate Moss. stylists who maintain a good professional reputation can expect plenty of repeat business and often take advantage of this by setting up their own independent businesses. Naomi Campbell Rachel Zoe: Celebrity clients include Nichole Richie. good interpersonal and networking skills • persistence and self-motivation. creativity and resourcefulness • broad knowledge of fashion history.

PR specialists must maintain strong professional relationships with media personnel. PR specialists select information that they want to share with the public and write up press releases or conduct press conferences to distribute the news through television. Fashion Media Relations Specialist Job Description: 1. newspapers. As such. They are also responsible for interacting with media when questions or crises arise from outside sources. 2. 36 . 4.FASHION PUBLIC RELATIONS SPECIALIST Also called: Fashion Publicist. radio and direct mail. Because they do not pay for publicity or media coverage. Public Relations (PR) Specialists must find creative ways to keep the company's brand name in the public eye. Fashion Public Relations Specialists and Publicists help apparel companies and retail stores build and maintain a favorable public image. 3.

Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Knowledge of journalistic basics including proper news release formats • excellent written and oral communication and presentation skills • good interpersonal skills. • The market for PR specialists focused solely on fashion is growing quickly. good time management and multi-tasking skills • ability to maintain an even temperament under stress. PR specialists often move into more senior PR Coordinator positions. Career Path: Promotions Assistant > Public Relations Specialist > Public Relations Coordinator > Director of Public Relations 37 . • In addition to working on staff for design houses and retailers. PR specialists may also work at PR firms that handle work for a variety of clients. After 3-5 years of experience in the field.Outlook: • Good to Excellent.

beauty and make-up.FASHION EDITOR Also called: Apparel Editor. Under guidance of the editor-in-chief. and Milan). 5. specialty boutiques. Fashion editors supervise the process of creating. In addition. 2. Due to the deadline-driven nature of their work.g. or television shows. New York. Some fashion editors choose to freelance. both salaried and freelance editors should enjoy a fastpaced environment. editors are often required to travel to keep up with the latest fashion trends through meetings with designers and visits to fashion shows throughout the world (e. Fashion Producer Job Description: 1. websites. Editors may specialize in apparel. and vintage clothing stores 6. Editors occupy the mid to highest-level positions at publications 3. London. they are responsible for deciding the creative influence and direction that their departments will pursue during a given season or issue. developing and presenting content for fashionspecific magazines. working on a per-contract basis and assuming all of the costs of the fashion shoot (e. and so on. newspaper sections. photo shoots... clothing and accessories). 4. Accessories Editor. 38 . Paris. accessories.g. retail stores.

• Once in the system. broad knowledge of fashion industry trends and forecasts • excellent writing/journalistic talent with the ability to communicate effectively and clearly • great organization and planning skills. hard working and willing to start at the bottom and take opportunities as they arise. • Growth in any of these sectors means an increased demand for experienced writers and editors. excellent interpersonal and management skills • competitive spirit • ability to perform well under stress. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Passion for fashion. websites.Outlook: • Employment of editors and writers is expected to increase 10% to 20% between 2002 and 2012 • There are a variety of outlets in which prospective editors may seek employment including but not limited to: fashion magazines. etc. opportunities for advancement become more readily available. newspapers. aspiring editors must be creative. television shows. fashion sections of news. • Because competition for these jobs is fierce. entertainment and lifestyle magazines. Career Path: Associate Editor > Editor > Senior Editor > Editor-in-Chief Famous Fashion Editor-in-Chiefs: Anna Wintour: Vogue Magazine Cindi Leive: Glamour Magazine Robbie Myers: Elle Magazine 39 .

computer aided design/CAD). • For example.g. and accessories for fashion advertisements. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent computer skills. films. or out of their own studio. Outlook: • Many of the jobs once performed exclusively by fashion illustrators are now also done by fashion photographers. Professional fashion artists may work on a freelance basis for an advertising agency. exceptional drawing skills. high level of creativity and artistic expression. full-time jobs are often available with clothing catalog firms. or department store.. catalogues. brochures. manufacturer. direct mail catalogs. for whom photographs will not suffice. 3. particularly with CAD software. well-trained and skilled illustrators are sought by employers like pattern companies and fashion forecast firms. shoes. however. basic business know-how.FASHION IILUSTRATOR Also called: Fashion Artist Job Description: 1. television commercials. and flyers. Fashion illustrators conceptualize and create sketches and drawings of apparel. and other media either by hand or use special computer software programs (e. • In addition. department store ads. 2. ability for self-promotion. Fashion illustrations are used in newspaper and magazine advertising layouts. Career Path: Fashion Illustrator Freelance > Staff Fashion Illustrator 40 . there are still opportunities for fashion illustration and fashion artist jobs.

book covers. variety and length of experience. Outlook: • Good to Excellent. creativity and imagination. or may decide to open their own graphic design firm and hire other designers. including business cards and stationary. color and design. good computer skills. graphic design firm. or out of their own studio. for various fashion businesses. • Those who fit the bill may progress to become art directors or creative directors. as a freelance designer. ability to tolerate criticism. Personal Characteristics/Skills . packaging. and many other types of materials. Career Path: Paste-up Artist > Graphic Designer > Art Director > Creative Director 41 . attention to detail. Graphic Designers design and prepare camera-ready copy for any type of printed material. and turnover in top positions. advertising. business acumen.Good sense of style. In large agencies. Graphic designers may work for an advertising agency. they work on a team with the Art Director and Creative Director in order to conceptualize and create specific designs to be approved by their client. ability to collaborate other professionals. brochures.GRAPHIC DESIGNER Also called: Graphic Artist Job Description: 1. fashion magazine. 2. • Success for graphic designers is usually based on creativity and design sense. • Faster than average growth is projected for graphic designers in the coming years thanks to the growth of the Internet and the increase in competition among apparel designers and manufacturers.

2. 3. Web sites. Magazine Photographer Job Description: 1. photographers may also be responsible for scouting locations and hiring models and personnel for the photo shoot 42 . shoot. and fashion houses to conceptualize. Catalogue Photographer. and print still photos and/or videos to show off clothes and accessories in a creative manner that catches the eye of consumers. Professional fashion photographers must have a good eye for style and beauty and be skilled at working with models to achieve & capture the best possible poses and photos. develop.FASHION PHOTOGRAPHER Also called: Photographer. In addition to taking pictures. magazines. Fashion photographers either freelance or are employed by catalogs.

as Web sites look to continuously refresh their content. and aspiring fashion photographers may outnumber the available assignments. and those who can develop a solid portfolio (body of work) may attain full-time staff positions or set up their own studios and work with more exclusive or well-known fashion clients.Outlook: • Competition for jobs in magazine and commercial photography is stiff. darkroom procedures. S • starting as an assistant or an apprentice is one way to get a foot in the door. solid interpersonal skills to communicate with models and convey your ideas. Helmut Newton. Mario Testino. increased use of the Internet may spur further growth in fashion photography. and special characteristics of films and paper • good business and networking skills. Career Path: Photographer's Assistant > Staff/Freelance Photographer > Photo Editor > Director of Photography Famous Fashion Photographers: Richard Avedon. ability to promote oneself • knowledge of trends in both photography and fashion industry. composition. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Artistic and creative expression • thorough knowledge of the technical and aesthetic aspects of photography. Steven Meisel. including camera operations. Patrick Demarchelier. • With experience comes more opportunity. Mario Sorrenti 43 . lighting. • However. Michael Thompson.

Other Fashion Careers 44 .

positions with high-end department stores and private clients • and modeling work .Other fashion career opportunities include --- • costume design .for everything from newspapers ads to strutting the catwalk in Milan or Paris 45 . film and theater productions • personal stylist .for TV.

country or social class costumes. create sketches of costumes. 46 . 2. With any given project.COSTUME DESIGNER Also called: Theatrical Designer Job Description: 1. television. They do research. A good costume designer plays a big part in character or time period to vivid life on stage or screen. time period and setting in which the action occurs. They work primarily for motion pictures. Costume Designers research and design for authentic period. 3. costume designers must get a feel for the mood. concerts and stage companies. 4. and develop costume budgets for the entire production.

• With the right skills. demand for costume designers should follow. • As demand for movies and theater grow and the productions themselves become increasingly rich in design and costume. University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer. and a little luck. knowledge of fashion history and art history • as well as general world history • good research skills • technical skill in designing and dressmaking • ability to work and collaborate with other professionals • ability to handle stress from deadlines. • Aspiring costume designers usually start as assistants .Outlook: • Employment opportunities for costume designers depends largely upon the Entertainment Industry. Television and Film 47 . Broadway/OffBroadway Productions > Costume Designer. experience. University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer. this hard work should enable the designer to land a higher-paying job in the television and film industries. Career Path: Design Assistant.often as unpaid volunteers in college productions. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Creativity. perseverance.

enjoy shopping. Personal Shopper Job Description: 1. friendly and tactful. 2. good networking skills. Outlook: • Aspiring stylists should first get some experience in fashion retail positions. Consultants make an evaluation of their clients' physical attributes. ability to promote oneself. Personal stylists work with individuals or companies to educate clients about general fashion apparel and accessories. • Some lucky stylists work exclusively with high-profile celebrities in the sports and entertainment industries where a client's everyday look or image is often more important than how they look while they work. and fashion style in order to make recommendations on which fashion choices will help the client achieve and maintain their desired image. business savvy.PERSONAL STYLIST Also called: Wardrobe Consultant. good listener. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Related Fashion Position > Personal Stylist 48 . • Personal stylists may give classes for small groups or run seminars for a client company. great presentation and oral communication skills. 3. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent fashion sense. Personal stylists may often shop for their clients and pick out items that suit their image. lifestyle. knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts. • With enough experience. personal shoppers and merchandise buyers can gain credentials to work as independent consultants.

Naomi Campbell. a positive attitude. formal fashion show procedures and the use of cosmetics. Models work with clothing. Cindy Crawford. Heidi Klum. persuading people to buy the products they advertise. weight and body measurements falling within certain industry standards. those who succeed often segue into careers in fashion and entertainment. and costume accessories in a variety of poses and settings. Christie Brinkley. excellent fashion style. 2. Personal Characteristics/Skills photogenic and physically attractive with height. Tyra Banks. and Laetitia Casta. make-up. They may model in showrooms. 3. custom salons or specialty stores. many people aspire to become models and the competition is healthy. Others work mainly pose for still photographs used in print ads. Adriana Lima. self-discipline. Outlook: • Demand for both male models and models who are representative of diverse racial and ethnic groups should rise higher than average for all models. which is more theatrical. Others work in fashion show modeling. good people skills. familiarity with different modeling techniques. Karolina Kurkova. Print Model Job Description: 1. Runway Model. • Like most glamorous and high status careers.FASHION MODEL Also called: Fashion Model. Famous Supermodels: Kate Moss. retail stores. Career Path: Print Model > Runway Model > Supermodel 49 . Models try to convey an idea by their appearance. • Yet. brochures and catalogs.

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