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• Fashion Design Production Fashion Designer • Fashion Accessory Designer Marketing/Merchandising Fashion Merchandiser Fashion Buyer Fashion Sales Rep Fashion Coordinator Showroom Sales Rep Retail Merchandiser Product Manager Clothing Patternmaker Visual Merchandiser Retail Store Manager Pattern Grader Boutique Owner
• Fashion Media & Promotions Fashion Writer Fashion Stylist Fashion PR Specialist Fashion Editor Fashion Illustrator Graphic Designer Fashion Photographer
• Other Fashion Careers Costume Designer Personal Stylist Model
Fashion Design Production
• Fashion and accessory designers use their knowledge of design principles, techniques, and tools to create sketches and models of original garments, shoes, handbags and other fashion accessories. • They often specialize in a particular facet of clothing design, such as men's, women's, children's wear, or lingerie. • While some fashion designers control the entire design and marketing process, others use the services of patternmakers to create original textiles and trimmings, production managers to oversee the actual creation of the fashion line, and fashion merchandisers to introduce and establish the designs in the fashion marketplace.
maternity clothes. 4.FASHION DESIGNER Alternate Titles: Clothes Designer. such as tshirts. and sales departments to design. ready-to-wear product for apparel manufacturers. specialty and retail stores. produce. 7. and fashion studios. or individual jobs. shows. textile and apparel manufacturers. an example being tailors who produce custom designs for weddings and other special events. marketing. baby outfits. 5. and promote a finished. 2. evening dresses. Fashion design is a demanding and unpredictable job with long hours. Fashion designers usually specialize in a specific line of clothing such as women. sportswear etc. In larger fashion houses. bridal. especially when deadlines approach for launches. 3. haute couturiers. More experienced designers may be required to travel to promote their fashion lines. kids. maternity. They analyze fashion trends and work closely with production. Fashion designers conceptualize and create new clothing. and individual clients. or denims. Potential employers include retailers. individual designers may work in very specialized areas. Apparel Designer Job Description: 1. 6. men. 5 .
Career Path: Design Assistant > Assistant Designer > Associate Designer > Fashion Director • • • • • • • 6 . Expect long hours in the beginning and be prepared for seasonal slowdowns.Outlook: • • Demand for fashion designers will remain strong as consumers constantly seek new styles and fashion.computer assisted design) knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts knowledge of manufacturing and production process ability to deal with ambiguity and rejection and to handle stress due to deadlines good business and marketing skills. Personal Characteristics and Skillsability to discriminate between colors and judge fabric quality & a good eye for style. which creates more overall demand for clothing and accessories. and the population is growing. shape. drawing and sketching skills computer skills (especially with the use of CAD . and color above-average ability for sewing skills.
7 . kids. etc. be it men. belts. ties. Accessory designers usually specialize in a specific line of accessories. gloves. women. 2. Accessory designers must always stay in touch not only with trends in their own specialties. Accessory designers conceptualize and create designs for jewelry. etc. shoes. in order to react to create pieces that complement the new hot styles in the market. 3. Handbag Designer. hats. as well as the customers for whom they design these accessories. Shoe Designer.ACCESSORY DESIGNER Also called: Jewelry Designer. but also within apparel and fabric markets. Job Description: 1. and so on. to go with clothing. handbags. brides. moms.
etc) • persistence and determination. handle stress due to deadlines Career Path: Design Assistant/ Freelance Accessory Designer > Associate Staff Accessory Designer > Accessory Designs Director 8 .Outlook: • • Accessory design is a highly competitive field that requires a lot of selfmotivation. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • above average ability for creative expression • technical skill in working with materials required for the chosen specialty (such as metal and semi-precious stones for jewelry designers. Few staff positions are available. drawing and sketching skills • knowledge of and ability to react to current fashion trends • knowledge of manufacturing and production process • ability to keep production within a tight budget. so most accessory designers work independently. ability to work independently.
Fashion merchandisers on the apparel production side track and analyze market trends. 2. Apparel Merchandiser Job Description: 1. 5.FASHION MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandiser. Merchandisers are some of the most powerful employees within an apparel company. 3. A fashion merchandiser needs to be one of the first in the industry to spot the trend. 9 . Fashion merchandising professionals on the retail side are responsible for determining store inventory and to price clothes (MPR) 4. and previous sales numbers to determine the product direction that the manufacturers will take each season. production costs. and have large personnel management responsibilities. They may also be responsible for tracking profits and losses.
Personal Characteristics and Skills – • extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends • highly analytical with strong math skills • ability to predict and create fashion trends • ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions. • ability to work with other executives. Career Path: Fashion Buyer > Merchandising Assistant > Merchandiser > Merchandising Director 10 . decisive. calm under pressure.Outlook: • Every apparel maker needs at least one fashion merchandiser. well-organized. As a result. detail oriented. there are a number of merchandiser positions open • Those who have the business acumen and good fashion judgment to achieve and maintain profitability in their sector could advance high up the executive ladder.
assist in solving problems the customer may have with the product. 5. 3. and even help the customer sell more of the product by arranging special events like trunk shows and in-store fashion shows featuring their products. This is a position that requires a good deal of travel. 4. 11 . Sales representatives usually solicit orders from new and prospective customers within a designated geographical area.FASHION SALES REPRESENTATIVE Also called: Manufacturer's Representative. Fashion Sales Representatives sell a manufacturer's garments and accessories to Fashion Buyers from wholesale and retail stores. and catalogs of their manufacturer's product line. Apparel Sales Representative Job Description: 1. They listen to their customers concerns about the product. and must be able to answer any questions regarding the products. sometimes internationally. They show samples. 2. illustrations.
Personal Characteristics/Skills – • highly competitive • belief in the product and ability to maintain enthusiasm for it • excellent communication skills .Outlook: • Good to Excellent. • Higher than average growth within the US is projected in this sector.both written and oral • establish good relationships with customers • self-motivated with good follow-through skills • ability to deal with rejection and remain upbeat • knowledge of fashion industry trends and manufacturer's competitors. with additional positions available overseas. Career Path: Showroom Sales Representative/Assistant > Sales Representative > Sales Manager > Regional Sales Manager > National Sales Manager > VP Sales 12 . • Often the key to getting a job is the willingness and flexibility to travel to remote locations.
Showroom sales reps should expect to work additional long hours during the four to six market weeks or fashion weeks each year. • With enough experience and some additional education or training. good listener. friendly. They work at manufacturers and/or designers offices. Personal Characteristics/Skills . 4. where they meet with visiting Fashion Buyers and show the latest product line. Once they convince the Fashion Buyer to purchase the manufacturer's products. outgoing.SHOWROOM SALES REPRESENTATIVES Also called: Showroom Salesperson. 3. they are responsible for accurately taking the Fashion Buyers order. Outlook: • Good to Excellent. good organizational and computer skills. advancement is a good possibility.enthusiastic. knowledge of manufacturing and retail sectors of the fashion industry. • Although a showroom sales rep is a fairly competitive position. excellent communication and presentation skills. Career Path: Showroom Sales Assistant > Showroom Sales Representative > Showroom Sales Manager 13 . Showroom Representative Job Description: 1. college graduates with good communication skills and the right personality have a good chance of being hired. 2. They must then make sure that the right quantity of the right product reaches their customers' stores at the right time and in saleable condition.
highly analytical with strong math skills. ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions. calm under pressure. Career Path: Market Analyst > Merchandiser > Product Manager > Director of Product Management 14 .PRODUCT MANAGER Also called: Product Development Manager Job Description: 1. extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends. • Most aspiring product managers must work up to this senior level. 4. usually starting at an analyst or assistant position. Outlook: • Employment is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012. construction. 2. They are also responsible for overseeing the set-up and implementation of quality assurance protocols for their product. Product Managers are responsible for overseeing the conceptualization. design. This is a fairly senior position within a manufacturer's organization. well-organized. detail oriented. they can be promoted into an executive leadership position. Personal Characteristics/Skills . Product Managers usually handle a specific product. ability to work with other executives. 3. selling and distribution of a manufacturer or designer's products. or product line. • As product managers gain extensive experience and knowledge of the manufacturer's operations. decisive.
computer assisted drawing). designs. expertise with body proportions. 15 . and sketches. Patternmakers use their expertise in body proportions and knowledge of fabric to translate the designer's apparel sketches into its various pattern pieces. detail oriented. good communication skills. Alternatively Patternmakers may be promoted into Manufacturing/Production Management positions. manufacturers or as freelancers. understanding of apparel manufacturing process. pattern makers are vital to the success of a design. squares.CLOTHING PATTERN MAKER Also called: Pattern Maker.great technical skills with an ability to use drafting tools (calipers. Clothing patternmakers make full-size paper or fiberboard patterns for clothing. ability to visualize the finished garment from a designers drawings. 3. straight and curved rules). Outlook: • Pattern makers are very important to designers and fashion houses. Apparel Patternmaker. good computer skills (specifically with CAD programs . Career Path: Fabric Cutter/Grader > Patternmaker > Assistant Designer > Designer. yet the number of people entering the trade has declined. Personal Characteristics/Skills . 2. • There should be opportunities either working for designers. • As styles become more complicated. Because of their understanding of the technical aspect of a design. Fabric Patternmaker Job Description: 1. patternmakers often act as liaisons between the design and manufacturing groups.
In general. analytical and problem-solving skills. but may also work for firms that specialize in pattern grading (such as an outsourcing provider). Career Path: Pattern Grading Assistant > Pattern Grader > Patternmaker > Production Manager 16 . especially through turnover or attrition. or computer programs in their work. machinery. good drafting and math skills. • With the right attitude. technical expertise and experience. petite). • Pattern graders may work directly for design houses or manufacturers. pattern grading is considered more of a technically oriented career than patternmaking or designing. Outlook: • Opportunities for pattern graders are available. Pattern graders may use charts. etc) and fits (tall.Understanding of apparel construction and manufacturing and patternmaking. ability to manage deadlines and multiple projects. Pattern graders are responsible for reducing or enlarging a pattern created by a patternmaker order to produce clothes across a range of sizes (S. anyone starting as a pattern grader should have opportunities to progress on the road to becoming production managers.PATTERN GRADER Also called: Grader Job Description: 1. ability to do precise manual work. L. Personal Characteristics/Skills . M. 2.
Fashion Marketing/Merchandising 17 .
The fashion merchandising field includes jobs in both retail and wholesale sales.Fashion Marketing/Merchandising • They are responsible for identifying and creating fashion trends to sell the products created by fashion designers. Drawing on their knowledge of consumer psychology and trends. they promote fashion with advertising and visual marketing campaigns. 18 .
so it is important for fashion buyers to be able to understand past..FASHION BUYER Also called: Apparel Buyer. Buyers often make their purchases of apparel and accessories from manufacturers. and understanding of their target customers' desires to create an attractive selection of apparel for retail stores. and future fashion trends. 4. Buyer Job Description: 1. Buyers must also be good at budgeting and planning inventory so that a good selection of clothing is always available for customers. Buyers for larger department stores usually specialize in a specific line of clothes or accessories (e. or wholesalers for the retailers or departmental stores 1 or 2 seasons in advance. 2. 3. designers. Fashion buyers use their sense of style. knowledge of fashion trends. men's suits or women's denim) 19 . present.g.
but new positions become available as a result of internal promotions of experienced buyers. Career Path: Assistant Fashion Buyer > Fashion Buyer > Divisional Merchandise Manager 20 . • Advancement opportunities are good: Those who start at the assistant buyer level have a good chance of becoming full-fledged buyers within 3 to 5 years.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Fashion buyers must be fashion-lovers with knowledge of fashion history and trends • good analytical skills • good negotiation abilities • flexible work attitude • excellent budgeting and planning skills • inventory management skills • ability to deal well with deadlines and stress. • The overall number of fashion buyer positions available is expected to decrease.
Additional responsibilities of a fashion coordinator may include organizing fashion parades. designs.CO-ORDINATOR Also called: Fashion Director Job Description: 1. Fashion coordinators then share their analyses with retail salespeople and/or editors to guide them in making customer recommendations. and textiles are according to plan. Long hours and frequent travel are part of the job. 4. Fashion directors need to assess the potential success of a garment or clothing line and determine the best plan for promotion and marketing. suppliers. 5. 21 . supervising fashion photography shoots for promotions. and wholesalers to ensure that things are on schedule and colors. 6. and they also share their analysis with buyers to guide them in making inventory purchases. or fashion magazine. They are constantly monitoring industry publications and talking to designers in order to understand industry trends and keep up with the latest in fabric and textile development. 2. Fashion Coordinators are responsible for creating a unified look and feel across all fashion divisions of a department store. 3. design house. and serving as a middleman with fabric mills.
and presentation skills. in-depth understanding of consumer behavior • an interest in artistic and creative pursuits. cuts. colors. fabrics. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • excellent understanding of fashion (e. • There are only a limited number of Fashion Coordinator positions available since it is a high-level position. negotiation. these are available in areas like fashion magazines. styles. great networking skills • great organizational skills • excellent communication..) • knowledge and understanding of fashion trends • a flair for style. design houses. judgment. and department stores.Outlook: • Fair to Great.g. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Assistant Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Director 22 . • However. etc.
highly organized. pricing. Long hours and plenty of travel are often part of the job. They work with a team of buyers and managers to decide the most effective way to sell their products including advertising and display of merchandise & on how and where best to position and place merchandise. product development and sales. in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion marketplace. Like Fashion Buyers. Merchandisers may also specialize in a specific line of clothing. 5. and make fashion forecasts basted on the information they collect. 4. Outlook: Good to Excellent. Retail Merchandisers select. They may also be responsible for organizing and coordinating promotional activities like fashion shows. promote and sell clothing and accessories for a retail store. visit manufacturers. designers and merchandise markets. great leadership and management skills. 2. forecasting. competitors. Career Path: Buyers > Associate Merchandising Manager > Merchandise Manager > General Merchandising Manager 23 . They study fashion trends. designers.RETAIL MERCHANDISER Also called: Merchandise Manager. 3. division or chain. 6. purchase. strong time management skills. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Exceptional analytical skills. department. manufacturers and products. Fashion Merchandiser Job Description: 1. consumers. expertise in planning.
or sold.g. Visual Display Designer Job Description: 1. In larger department stores or retail chains. and any other areas where the store's apparel and accessories are displayed. and seasonal factors. (2) increase customer traffic in the store. Their mail goals are: (1) create and maintain an image for a department or store that resonates with their target customers. 2. promoted. 24 . and implementing window and instore displays for both online and brick and mortar retail stores. promotions.VISUAL MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandise Display Artist. such as holidays (e. 4. Visual Display Artists take into account current fashions and trends. tradeshow displays. Visual Merchandisers are responsible for conceptualizing.. 5. In addition to drawing on their knowledge of customer tendencies when designing their displays. Visual Merchandisers may provide input or oversee the design and layout of a store or department. Visual Merchandisers must combine their creativity and artistic flair with technical know-how to set up displays that maximize the space of the store while effectively catching the eye and appealing to the senses of their target customers. 3. Visual Merchandisers coordinate with the head office and other design teams (including buyers and sales staff) to ensure consistency with the corporate brand or image. designing. fashion showrooms. and (3) guide their customers' browsing through merchandise placement and store layout to result in an eventual sale. 6. Christmas and Valentine's Day).
skilled Visual Merchandisers have become more sought after. as well as knowledge of fashion and art/design industry trends and forecasts. Career Path: Visual Merchandising Assistant > Visual Merchandiser > Visual Merchandising Coordinator > Visual Merchandising Director 25 . It is also important to have the ability to work well with others. setting up proper lighting. Technical and design expertise (e. • Now that retailers have realized the positive impact that displays can have on their in.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. props. Creativity is key with an above-average ability for artistic expression. Visual Merchandiser jobs are projected to grow at a pace higher than the national average. etc) is helpful.g. • Experienced Visual Merchandisers who have a proven track record of creating great displays may have the option of joining or starting their own firms specializing in visual merchandising for retailers. 2. Personal Characteristics and Skills: 1.store customer traffic and therefore their bottom lines. • In the coming years. or they may be promoted to managerial positions of greater responsibilities. building stet.
setting up pricing policies. evenings and holidays are often part of the job. Working long hours. business acumen. 2. Depending on the size of a store. and interpersonal skills to keep their stores profitable. Retail store managers are very high-level employees who are responsible for overseeing all aspects of a store's operations. to hiring. firing and promoting employees. 26 . weekends. Department Store Manager Job Description: 1. training. They are ultimately responsible for the store's bottom line.RETAIL STORE MANAGER Also called: Store Manager. and as such must have the right combination of fashion industry knowledge. 3. store managers do or at least are involved in some manner in everything from approving visual displays and print or television advertisements. 4. ordering a store's merchandise inventory.
accounting. Candidates with retail experience will have the the best opportunity for jobs as store managers. sales and management. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Associate Manager > Store Manager > Department Store Manager 27 . Job stability for Retail Store Managers is now more than ever determined by the store's ongoing profitability. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • interpersonal and management skills • highly organized • detail oriented yet constantly thinking of the big picture • good business skills particularly in marketing. The growth of national chains has created more jobs at companies (instead of small retail stores) and thus created a career development path for many aspiring managers.Outlook: Employment for retail store managers / supervisors is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012.
watches. sunglasses. 2. handbags. tuxedos. lingerie. Their stores often target a specific customer profile and often carry a specific mix of clothing and/or apparel designers that appeal to this demographic. accessories. Boutique owners must be jacks of all trades as they typically oversee all aspects of a boutiques operations from planning and purchasing their inventory. novelty items. Successful boutique owners are very entrepreneurial-minded and driven people who use a combination of savvy business skills and in-depth knowledge of the fashion retail industry to make a profit. 28 . T-shirts. One could start a fashion boutique in one of the following areas: sportswear. 4. Owner Job Description: 1. shoes. and more. dresses.BOUTIQUE OWNER Also called: Specialty Store Owner. vintage. setting up the in-store displays and managing employees. beachwear. 3.
owners can go on to open additional stores. successful owners are those who can attract investors with a solid business plan and operational structure. and the value of being one's own boss cannot be underestimated. • Once the store is profitable. including trends and forecasts • flexible. Accounting.Outlook: • Being a small business owner is a dream for many people. • Often. • Setting up a boutique usually requires obtaining a bank loan or drawing from personal savings to cover initial investments. or if they have created a strong enough brand. sell franchises for subsequent locations. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • entrepreneurial and risk-taking personality • solid business background in fields such as Marketing. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Retail Manager > Boutique Owner 29 . multi-tasking capabilities. excellent time management and communication skills. Sales and Management • in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion retail marketplace.
Fashion Media & Promotions 30 .
magazines. and other media outlets to keep consumers up-to-date on style trends. • Fashion photographs. web sites. illustrators. 31 .Fashion Media & Promotions • The fashion industry offers a number of opportunities for creative professionals who aren't attracted to the design side. and stylists are often employed by catalogs and magazines. • Fashion writers and editors are employed by newspapers.
submitting articles on a freelance basis is often the preferred career direction.. they are pitched to chief editors or other fashion media buyers like Vogue or Cosmo. formal portraits of designers. Most draw upon their personal interest and incorporate their own personality into stories to make their pieces fun. and of course for television. who together dig up their own stories e. newspapers. models.. Fashion Critic. 2. editors. The majority of the industry's fashion writers work within editorial departments of fashion design firms. Talented fashion editors tend to partner with photographers. 32 . interesting and engaging to readers. 4. 3. Fashion Reporter Job Description: 1. After developing these stories behind the scenes. celebrities and others who make up fashion's inner circle.FASHION WRITER Also called: Fashion Journalist.g. fashion reporters must do thorough research and/or conduct interviews when preparing articles. Fashion writers produce editorial copy for media outlets such as fashion magazines. but for those who specialize in areas like designer collection reviews. 5. fashion / design websites or blogs. Like all journalists.
Skills – • Excellent English communication and writing skills (e.Good interpersonal communication skills are needed for interviews and dealing with editors. attention to detail. designers. and superior research and fact-checking skills are essential. • Two thirds of the nations working fashion editors will reside in either New York or California (US Dept of Labor). Freelance fashion writers must have persistence and perseverance and be good at marketing their work Career Path: Editorial Assistant > Staff Fashion Writer > Fashion Editor 33 . • The fashion writing industry can be extremely competitive.Outlook: • National employment demand for all fashion journalists and writers is expected to grow through 2014. historical trends. textiles.. spelling and grammar). Personal Characteristics . fabrics and business are also important. • A love of fashion and knowledge about the industry.g.
Many stylists also choose to run their own businesses. newspapers. 5. 2. and music production companies often employ fashion stylists. Fashion stylists are responsible for bringing to life a photographer or director's vision for a fashion photo shoot. or wealthy clients as wardrobe consultants to help them prepare for major events or appearances.FASHION STYLIST Job Description: 1. public relations firms. celebrities. commercial. 3. 34 . Fashion stylists often scout locations. etc. Companies such as magazines. music video. layout. accessories. print advertisement. and even models to fit the theme of the shoot. fashions. They coordinate colors and styles and ensure that all clothes are ready for the shoot. create the mood for the shoot by selecting and setting up the appropriate props. television and film production houses. retailers. Stylists may also be employed by agents. catalog publishers. 4. which can include basic tasks such as steaming and ironing garments. advertising agencies.
good interpersonal and networking skills • persistence and self-motivation. Naomi Campbell Rachel Zoe: Celebrity clients include Nichole Richie. Mischa Barton. Career Path: Intern/Stylist's Apprentice > Assistant Fashion Stylist > Staff Fashion Stylist Famous Fashion Stylists: Jeff Ihenando: Stylist for supermodels Kate Moss. Keira Knightly Wardrobe stylist for Madonna. etc. creativity and resourcefulness • broad knowledge of fashion history. bills.Outlook: • Aspiring fashion stylists should expect to work their way to the top. • The most successful fashion stylists have extensive networks of contacts within the fashion industry to get the job done quickly and on budget. • In addition. clients usually hire stylists they have used in the past or those who have proven success in the business. trends and forecasts • technical know-how for setting up sets. Kylie Minogue. Kelly Price 35 . stylists who maintain a good professional reputation can expect plenty of repeat business and often take advantage of this by setting up their own independent businesses. budgets. Libery Ross. Lauren Hutton. ability to market oneself • savvy business skills to deal with invoicing. • Once established. Personal Characteristics and Skills – • eye for style.
Fashion Public Relations Specialists and Publicists help apparel companies and retail stores build and maintain a favorable public image. PR specialists select information that they want to share with the public and write up press releases or conduct press conferences to distribute the news through television. Public Relations (PR) Specialists must find creative ways to keep the company's brand name in the public eye. radio and direct mail. Fashion Media Relations Specialist Job Description: 1. 36 . PR specialists must maintain strong professional relationships with media personnel. 3. 2.FASHION PUBLIC RELATIONS SPECIALIST Also called: Fashion Publicist. They are also responsible for interacting with media when questions or crises arise from outside sources. newspapers. As such. Because they do not pay for publicity or media coverage. 4.
PR specialists often move into more senior PR Coordinator positions. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Knowledge of journalistic basics including proper news release formats • excellent written and oral communication and presentation skills • good interpersonal skills. PR specialists may also work at PR firms that handle work for a variety of clients. Career Path: Promotions Assistant > Public Relations Specialist > Public Relations Coordinator > Director of Public Relations 37 .Outlook: • Good to Excellent. • The market for PR specialists focused solely on fashion is growing quickly. good time management and multi-tasking skills • ability to maintain an even temperament under stress. • In addition to working on staff for design houses and retailers. After 3-5 years of experience in the field.
specialty boutiques. clothing and accessories).. Fashion Producer Job Description: 1. Under guidance of the editor-in-chief. and vintage clothing stores 6. Editors may specialize in apparel. websites. Accessories Editor.. both salaried and freelance editors should enjoy a fastpaced environment. 5. In addition. they are responsible for deciding the creative influence and direction that their departments will pursue during a given season or issue. 2. Fashion editors supervise the process of creating.g. Paris. working on a per-contract basis and assuming all of the costs of the fashion shoot (e. London. accessories. editors are often required to travel to keep up with the latest fashion trends through meetings with designers and visits to fashion shows throughout the world (e. newspaper sections. beauty and make-up. and so on. New York.g. Editors occupy the mid to highest-level positions at publications 3. developing and presenting content for fashionspecific magazines. Due to the deadline-driven nature of their work.FASHION EDITOR Also called: Apparel Editor. or television shows. 38 . photo shoots. retail stores. Some fashion editors choose to freelance. 4. and Milan).
newspapers. opportunities for advancement become more readily available. • Growth in any of these sectors means an increased demand for experienced writers and editors. • Because competition for these jobs is fierce. entertainment and lifestyle magazines. aspiring editors must be creative. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Passion for fashion. websites. broad knowledge of fashion industry trends and forecasts • excellent writing/journalistic talent with the ability to communicate effectively and clearly • great organization and planning skills. • Once in the system.Outlook: • Employment of editors and writers is expected to increase 10% to 20% between 2002 and 2012 • There are a variety of outlets in which prospective editors may seek employment including but not limited to: fashion magazines. Career Path: Associate Editor > Editor > Senior Editor > Editor-in-Chief Famous Fashion Editor-in-Chiefs: Anna Wintour: Vogue Magazine Cindi Leive: Glamour Magazine Robbie Myers: Elle Magazine 39 . television shows. hard working and willing to start at the bottom and take opportunities as they arise. etc. excellent interpersonal and management skills • competitive spirit • ability to perform well under stress. fashion sections of news.
• For example. direct mail catalogs. Fashion illustrators conceptualize and create sketches and drawings of apparel. • In addition. or department store. ability for self-promotion. well-trained and skilled illustrators are sought by employers like pattern companies and fashion forecast firms. Outlook: • Many of the jobs once performed exclusively by fashion illustrators are now also done by fashion photographers. however. television commercials. for whom photographs will not suffice. and other media either by hand or use special computer software programs (e. shoes. or out of their own studio. 3. department store ads. Fashion illustrations are used in newspaper and magazine advertising layouts. high level of creativity and artistic expression. there are still opportunities for fashion illustration and fashion artist jobs. manufacturer. particularly with CAD software. full-time jobs are often available with clothing catalog firms. catalogues. computer aided design/CAD). brochures. exceptional drawing skills. and accessories for fashion advertisements..FASHION IILUSTRATOR Also called: Fashion Artist Job Description: 1. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent computer skills. films. and flyers. basic business know-how. 2. Professional fashion artists may work on a freelance basis for an advertising agency.g. Career Path: Fashion Illustrator Freelance > Staff Fashion Illustrator 40 .
Graphic Designers design and prepare camera-ready copy for any type of printed material. fashion magazine. ability to collaborate other professionals. • Faster than average growth is projected for graphic designers in the coming years thanks to the growth of the Internet and the increase in competition among apparel designers and manufacturers. • Success for graphic designers is usually based on creativity and design sense. color and design. 2. graphic design firm. In large agencies. book covers. and many other types of materials. for various fashion businesses. they work on a team with the Art Director and Creative Director in order to conceptualize and create specific designs to be approved by their client. advertising.GRAPHIC DESIGNER Also called: Graphic Artist Job Description: 1. Graphic designers may work for an advertising agency. or may decide to open their own graphic design firm and hire other designers. variety and length of experience. and turnover in top positions. including business cards and stationary. ability to tolerate criticism. creativity and imagination. Career Path: Paste-up Artist > Graphic Designer > Art Director > Creative Director 41 . or out of their own studio. as a freelance designer. good computer skills. Outlook: • Good to Excellent. packaging. brochures. business acumen. Personal Characteristics/Skills .Good sense of style. attention to detail. • Those who fit the bill may progress to become art directors or creative directors.
FASHION PHOTOGRAPHER Also called: Photographer. 2. photographers may also be responsible for scouting locations and hiring models and personnel for the photo shoot 42 . magazines. Catalogue Photographer. In addition to taking pictures. Professional fashion photographers must have a good eye for style and beauty and be skilled at working with models to achieve & capture the best possible poses and photos. Magazine Photographer Job Description: 1. 3. Fashion photographers either freelance or are employed by catalogs. and fashion houses to conceptualize. Web sites. and print still photos and/or videos to show off clothes and accessories in a creative manner that catches the eye of consumers. develop. shoot.
including camera operations. darkroom procedures. Career Path: Photographer's Assistant > Staff/Freelance Photographer > Photo Editor > Director of Photography Famous Fashion Photographers: Richard Avedon. solid interpersonal skills to communicate with models and convey your ideas.Outlook: • Competition for jobs in magazine and commercial photography is stiff. as Web sites look to continuously refresh their content. Helmut Newton. Mario Testino. and aspiring fashion photographers may outnumber the available assignments. Patrick Demarchelier. • With experience comes more opportunity. lighting. • However. Michael Thompson. and special characteristics of films and paper • good business and networking skills. Steven Meisel. S • starting as an assistant or an apprentice is one way to get a foot in the door. increased use of the Internet may spur further growth in fashion photography. composition. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Artistic and creative expression • thorough knowledge of the technical and aesthetic aspects of photography. Mario Sorrenti 43 . ability to promote oneself • knowledge of trends in both photography and fashion industry. and those who can develop a solid portfolio (body of work) may attain full-time staff positions or set up their own studios and work with more exclusive or well-known fashion clients.
Other Fashion Careers 44 .
Other fashion career opportunities include --- • costume design .for TV. film and theater productions • personal stylist .positions with high-end department stores and private clients • and modeling work .for everything from newspapers ads to strutting the catwalk in Milan or Paris 45 .
46 .COSTUME DESIGNER Also called: Theatrical Designer Job Description: 1. 4. country or social class costumes. Costume Designers research and design for authentic period. television. A good costume designer plays a big part in character or time period to vivid life on stage or screen. concerts and stage companies. costume designers must get a feel for the mood. They work primarily for motion pictures. time period and setting in which the action occurs. create sketches of costumes. and develop costume budgets for the entire production. 2. With any given project. 3. They do research.
this hard work should enable the designer to land a higher-paying job in the television and film industries.often as unpaid volunteers in college productions.Outlook: • Employment opportunities for costume designers depends largely upon the Entertainment Industry. University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer. perseverance. University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer. demand for costume designers should follow. Television and Film 47 . • As demand for movies and theater grow and the productions themselves become increasingly rich in design and costume. • Aspiring costume designers usually start as assistants . Broadway/OffBroadway Productions > Costume Designer. • With the right skills. Career Path: Design Assistant. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Creativity. experience. knowledge of fashion history and art history • as well as general world history • good research skills • technical skill in designing and dressmaking • ability to work and collaborate with other professionals • ability to handle stress from deadlines. and a little luck.
lifestyle. Personal stylists may often shop for their clients and pick out items that suit their image. Consultants make an evaluation of their clients' physical attributes. enjoy shopping. business savvy.PERSONAL STYLIST Also called: Wardrobe Consultant. 3. knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts. • Some lucky stylists work exclusively with high-profile celebrities in the sports and entertainment industries where a client's everyday look or image is often more important than how they look while they work. Personal Shopper Job Description: 1. personal shoppers and merchandise buyers can gain credentials to work as independent consultants. 2. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent fashion sense. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Related Fashion Position > Personal Stylist 48 . good listener. • With enough experience. Personal stylists work with individuals or companies to educate clients about general fashion apparel and accessories. and fashion style in order to make recommendations on which fashion choices will help the client achieve and maintain their desired image. friendly and tactful. Outlook: • Aspiring stylists should first get some experience in fashion retail positions. ability to promote oneself. • Personal stylists may give classes for small groups or run seminars for a client company. good networking skills. great presentation and oral communication skills.
2. Famous Supermodels: Kate Moss. familiarity with different modeling techniques. good people skills. Adriana Lima. Print Model Job Description: 1. Heidi Klum. and Laetitia Casta. Models try to convey an idea by their appearance. Career Path: Print Model > Runway Model > Supermodel 49 . make-up. Naomi Campbell. custom salons or specialty stores. formal fashion show procedures and the use of cosmetics. Tyra Banks. Cindy Crawford. self-discipline. • Yet. excellent fashion style. Runway Model. Christie Brinkley. Models work with clothing. brochures and catalogs. Others work in fashion show modeling. 3. retail stores. which is more theatrical. and costume accessories in a variety of poses and settings. persuading people to buy the products they advertise.FASHION MODEL Also called: Fashion Model. Karolina Kurkova. those who succeed often segue into careers in fashion and entertainment. Personal Characteristics/Skills photogenic and physically attractive with height. They may model in showrooms. weight and body measurements falling within certain industry standards. a positive attitude. Others work mainly pose for still photographs used in print ads. • Like most glamorous and high status careers. Outlook: • Demand for both male models and models who are representative of diverse racial and ethnic groups should rise higher than average for all models. many people aspire to become models and the competition is healthy.