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• Fashion Design Production Fashion Designer • Fashion Accessory Designer Marketing/Merchandising Fashion Merchandiser Fashion Buyer Fashion Sales Rep Fashion Coordinator Showroom Sales Rep Retail Merchandiser Product Manager Clothing Patternmaker Visual Merchandiser Retail Store Manager Pattern Grader Boutique Owner
• Fashion Media & Promotions Fashion Writer Fashion Stylist Fashion PR Specialist Fashion Editor Fashion Illustrator Graphic Designer Fashion Photographer
• Other Fashion Careers Costume Designer Personal Stylist Model
Fashion Design Production
• Fashion and accessory designers use their knowledge of design principles, techniques, and tools to create sketches and models of original garments, shoes, handbags and other fashion accessories. • They often specialize in a particular facet of clothing design, such as men's, women's, children's wear, or lingerie. • While some fashion designers control the entire design and marketing process, others use the services of patternmakers to create original textiles and trimmings, production managers to oversee the actual creation of the fashion line, and fashion merchandisers to introduce and establish the designs in the fashion marketplace.
They analyze fashion trends and work closely with production. or individual jobs. shows. and promote a finished. In larger fashion houses. 4. Fashion designers conceptualize and create new clothing. More experienced designers may be required to travel to promote their fashion lines. kids. haute couturiers. and fashion studios. Potential employers include retailers. evening dresses. 6. Apparel Designer Job Description: 1. ready-to-wear product for apparel manufacturers. such as tshirts. men. maternity clothes. 7. marketing. especially when deadlines approach for launches. specialty and retail stores. sportswear etc.FASHION DESIGNER Alternate Titles: Clothes Designer. bridal. and individual clients. and sales departments to design. baby outfits. 5. or denims. textile and apparel manufacturers. 2. 5 . Fashion design is a demanding and unpredictable job with long hours. maternity. 3. an example being tailors who produce custom designs for weddings and other special events. Fashion designers usually specialize in a specific line of clothing such as women. individual designers may work in very specialized areas. produce.
and the population is growing. and color above-average ability for sewing skills.Outlook: • • Demand for fashion designers will remain strong as consumers constantly seek new styles and fashion. Expect long hours in the beginning and be prepared for seasonal slowdowns. drawing and sketching skills computer skills (especially with the use of CAD . Career Path: Design Assistant > Assistant Designer > Associate Designer > Fashion Director • • • • • • • 6 . Personal Characteristics and Skillsability to discriminate between colors and judge fabric quality & a good eye for style. which creates more overall demand for clothing and accessories.computer assisted design) knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts knowledge of manufacturing and production process ability to deal with ambiguity and rejection and to handle stress due to deadlines good business and marketing skills. shape.
gloves. 7 . Job Description: 1. as well as the customers for whom they design these accessories. etc. and so on. in order to react to create pieces that complement the new hot styles in the market. etc. Accessory designers must always stay in touch not only with trends in their own specialties. moms. Accessory designers usually specialize in a specific line of accessories. Handbag Designer. belts. kids. but also within apparel and fabric markets.ACCESSORY DESIGNER Also called: Jewelry Designer. be it men. Shoe Designer. brides. hats. 2. shoes. handbags. to go with clothing. Accessory designers conceptualize and create designs for jewelry. women. 3. ties.
drawing and sketching skills • knowledge of and ability to react to current fashion trends • knowledge of manufacturing and production process • ability to keep production within a tight budget. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • above average ability for creative expression • technical skill in working with materials required for the chosen specialty (such as metal and semi-precious stones for jewelry designers. Few staff positions are available.Outlook: • • Accessory design is a highly competitive field that requires a lot of selfmotivation. handle stress due to deadlines Career Path: Design Assistant/ Freelance Accessory Designer > Associate Staff Accessory Designer > Accessory Designs Director 8 . etc) • persistence and determination. so most accessory designers work independently. ability to work independently.
A fashion merchandiser needs to be one of the first in the industry to spot the trend. Merchandisers are some of the most powerful employees within an apparel company. 5. and previous sales numbers to determine the product direction that the manufacturers will take each season. 9 . Apparel Merchandiser Job Description: 1. 3. Fashion merchandisers on the apparel production side track and analyze market trends. They may also be responsible for tracking profits and losses. Fashion merchandising professionals on the retail side are responsible for determining store inventory and to price clothes (MPR) 4.FASHION MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandiser. production costs. 2. and have large personnel management responsibilities.
detail oriented. well-organized. As a result. calm under pressure. there are a number of merchandiser positions open • Those who have the business acumen and good fashion judgment to achieve and maintain profitability in their sector could advance high up the executive ladder. • ability to work with other executives. Personal Characteristics and Skills – • extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends • highly analytical with strong math skills • ability to predict and create fashion trends • ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions. Career Path: Fashion Buyer > Merchandising Assistant > Merchandiser > Merchandising Director 10 . decisive.Outlook: • Every apparel maker needs at least one fashion merchandiser.
4. 5. assist in solving problems the customer may have with the product. 2. 11 . Fashion Sales Representatives sell a manufacturer's garments and accessories to Fashion Buyers from wholesale and retail stores. and catalogs of their manufacturer's product line. They listen to their customers concerns about the product. Apparel Sales Representative Job Description: 1.FASHION SALES REPRESENTATIVE Also called: Manufacturer's Representative. Sales representatives usually solicit orders from new and prospective customers within a designated geographical area. 3. They show samples. sometimes internationally. This is a position that requires a good deal of travel. and even help the customer sell more of the product by arranging special events like trunk shows and in-store fashion shows featuring their products. illustrations. and must be able to answer any questions regarding the products.
• Often the key to getting a job is the willingness and flexibility to travel to remote locations. Career Path: Showroom Sales Representative/Assistant > Sales Representative > Sales Manager > Regional Sales Manager > National Sales Manager > VP Sales 12 . with additional positions available overseas.both written and oral • establish good relationships with customers • self-motivated with good follow-through skills • ability to deal with rejection and remain upbeat • knowledge of fashion industry trends and manufacturer's competitors.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. • Higher than average growth within the US is projected in this sector. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • highly competitive • belief in the product and ability to maintain enthusiasm for it • excellent communication skills .
Showroom Representative Job Description: 1. Once they convince the Fashion Buyer to purchase the manufacturer's products.enthusiastic. Outlook: • Good to Excellent. good organizational and computer skills. where they meet with visiting Fashion Buyers and show the latest product line. good listener. Personal Characteristics/Skills . knowledge of manufacturing and retail sectors of the fashion industry. 2. 3. college graduates with good communication skills and the right personality have a good chance of being hired. advancement is a good possibility. friendly. • With enough experience and some additional education or training. Career Path: Showroom Sales Assistant > Showroom Sales Representative > Showroom Sales Manager 13 . outgoing. they are responsible for accurately taking the Fashion Buyers order. • Although a showroom sales rep is a fairly competitive position.SHOWROOM SALES REPRESENTATIVES Also called: Showroom Salesperson. They work at manufacturers and/or designers offices. Showroom sales reps should expect to work additional long hours during the four to six market weeks or fashion weeks each year. They must then make sure that the right quantity of the right product reaches their customers' stores at the right time and in saleable condition. 4. excellent communication and presentation skills.
Personal Characteristics/Skills . Outlook: • Employment is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012. detail oriented. ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions. selling and distribution of a manufacturer or designer's products. extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends. Product Managers usually handle a specific product. they can be promoted into an executive leadership position. decisive. This is a fairly senior position within a manufacturer's organization. ability to work with other executives. or product line. design. 4. 3. Career Path: Market Analyst > Merchandiser > Product Manager > Director of Product Management 14 .highly analytical with strong math skills. calm under pressure.PRODUCT MANAGER Also called: Product Development Manager Job Description: 1. • Most aspiring product managers must work up to this senior level. Product Managers are responsible for overseeing the conceptualization. usually starting at an analyst or assistant position. 2. construction. well-organized. They are also responsible for overseeing the set-up and implementation of quality assurance protocols for their product. • As product managers gain extensive experience and knowledge of the manufacturer's operations.
Outlook: • Pattern makers are very important to designers and fashion houses. Alternatively Patternmakers may be promoted into Manufacturing/Production Management positions.CLOTHING PATTERN MAKER Also called: Pattern Maker. • There should be opportunities either working for designers. ability to visualize the finished garment from a designers drawings. straight and curved rules). and sketches. manufacturers or as freelancers. Because of their understanding of the technical aspect of a design. yet the number of people entering the trade has declined. pattern makers are vital to the success of a design. Patternmakers use their expertise in body proportions and knowledge of fabric to translate the designer's apparel sketches into its various pattern pieces. 3. Personal Characteristics/Skills . designs. 15 . detail oriented. Clothing patternmakers make full-size paper or fiberboard patterns for clothing. good computer skills (specifically with CAD programs . understanding of apparel manufacturing process. patternmakers often act as liaisons between the design and manufacturing groups.great technical skills with an ability to use drafting tools (calipers. Apparel Patternmaker. Fabric Patternmaker Job Description: 1. squares. • As styles become more complicated. good communication skills. Career Path: Fabric Cutter/Grader > Patternmaker > Assistant Designer > Designer. expertise with body proportions. 2.computer assisted drawing).
anyone starting as a pattern grader should have opportunities to progress on the road to becoming production managers. ability to manage deadlines and multiple projects. ability to do precise manual work. etc) and fits (tall. or computer programs in their work.Understanding of apparel construction and manufacturing and patternmaking. L. Outlook: • Opportunities for pattern graders are available. Personal Characteristics/Skills .PATTERN GRADER Also called: Grader Job Description: 1. good drafting and math skills. Pattern graders may use charts. petite). technical expertise and experience. • With the right attitude. M. but may also work for firms that specialize in pattern grading (such as an outsourcing provider). especially through turnover or attrition. 2. pattern grading is considered more of a technically oriented career than patternmaking or designing. machinery. analytical and problem-solving skills. • Pattern graders may work directly for design houses or manufacturers. In general. Pattern graders are responsible for reducing or enlarging a pattern created by a patternmaker order to produce clothes across a range of sizes (S. Career Path: Pattern Grading Assistant > Pattern Grader > Patternmaker > Production Manager 16 .
Fashion Marketing/Merchandising 17 .
The fashion merchandising field includes jobs in both retail and wholesale sales.Fashion Marketing/Merchandising • They are responsible for identifying and creating fashion trends to sell the products created by fashion designers. Drawing on their knowledge of consumer psychology and trends. they promote fashion with advertising and visual marketing campaigns. 18 .
g. Buyer Job Description: 1. and future fashion trends. or wholesalers for the retailers or departmental stores 1 or 2 seasons in advance.. Buyers for larger department stores usually specialize in a specific line of clothes or accessories (e. 2. Buyers often make their purchases of apparel and accessories from manufacturers. present. and understanding of their target customers' desires to create an attractive selection of apparel for retail stores. Buyers must also be good at budgeting and planning inventory so that a good selection of clothing is always available for customers. 4.FASHION BUYER Also called: Apparel Buyer. Fashion buyers use their sense of style. knowledge of fashion trends. so it is important for fashion buyers to be able to understand past. designers. men's suits or women's denim) 19 . 3.
• Advancement opportunities are good: Those who start at the assistant buyer level have a good chance of becoming full-fledged buyers within 3 to 5 years. Career Path: Assistant Fashion Buyer > Fashion Buyer > Divisional Merchandise Manager 20 .Outlook: • Good to Excellent. but new positions become available as a result of internal promotions of experienced buyers. • The overall number of fashion buyer positions available is expected to decrease. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Fashion buyers must be fashion-lovers with knowledge of fashion history and trends • good analytical skills • good negotiation abilities • flexible work attitude • excellent budgeting and planning skills • inventory management skills • ability to deal well with deadlines and stress.
or fashion magazine. suppliers. and serving as a middleman with fabric mills. and wholesalers to ensure that things are on schedule and colors. 3. Long hours and frequent travel are part of the job. They are constantly monitoring industry publications and talking to designers in order to understand industry trends and keep up with the latest in fabric and textile development. design house. designs. supervising fashion photography shoots for promotions. Fashion directors need to assess the potential success of a garment or clothing line and determine the best plan for promotion and marketing. and textiles are according to plan. 2.CO-ORDINATOR Also called: Fashion Director Job Description: 1. 4. Additional responsibilities of a fashion coordinator may include organizing fashion parades. 21 . 5. and they also share their analysis with buyers to guide them in making inventory purchases. Fashion coordinators then share their analyses with retail salespeople and/or editors to guide them in making customer recommendations. 6. Fashion Coordinators are responsible for creating a unified look and feel across all fashion divisions of a department store.
styles.. design houses.g. colors. these are available in areas like fashion magazines. • However. fabrics. and presentation skills. great networking skills • great organizational skills • excellent communication. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • excellent understanding of fashion (e. cuts. etc. and department stores. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Assistant Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Director 22 . negotiation.) • knowledge and understanding of fashion trends • a flair for style. • There are only a limited number of Fashion Coordinator positions available since it is a high-level position. in-depth understanding of consumer behavior • an interest in artistic and creative pursuits.Outlook: • Fair to Great. judgment.
Merchandisers may also specialize in a specific line of clothing. consumers. product development and sales. expertise in planning. Like Fashion Buyers. They study fashion trends.RETAIL MERCHANDISER Also called: Merchandise Manager. Fashion Merchandiser Job Description: 1. and make fashion forecasts basted on the information they collect. Retail Merchandisers select. They may also be responsible for organizing and coordinating promotional activities like fashion shows. Outlook: Good to Excellent. strong time management skills. highly organized. They work with a team of buyers and managers to decide the most effective way to sell their products including advertising and display of merchandise & on how and where best to position and place merchandise. 2. department. pricing. great leadership and management skills. in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion marketplace. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Exceptional analytical skills. designers and merchandise markets. division or chain. 6. manufacturers and products. purchase. 3. 4. Long hours and plenty of travel are often part of the job. designers. 5. competitors. promote and sell clothing and accessories for a retail store. forecasting. Career Path: Buyers > Associate Merchandising Manager > Merchandise Manager > General Merchandising Manager 23 . visit manufacturers.
Visual Display Designer Job Description: 1. and any other areas where the store's apparel and accessories are displayed. Visual Merchandisers coordinate with the head office and other design teams (including buyers and sales staff) to ensure consistency with the corporate brand or image. (2) increase customer traffic in the store. 4. In addition to drawing on their knowledge of customer tendencies when designing their displays. Visual Merchandisers may provide input or oversee the design and layout of a store or department. 3. fashion showrooms. 6. designing. 2.g. 5. or sold. Christmas and Valentine's Day). and (3) guide their customers' browsing through merchandise placement and store layout to result in an eventual sale.. promotions. 24 .VISUAL MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandise Display Artist. and seasonal factors. promoted. Visual Merchandisers must combine their creativity and artistic flair with technical know-how to set up displays that maximize the space of the store while effectively catching the eye and appealing to the senses of their target customers. and implementing window and instore displays for both online and brick and mortar retail stores. In larger department stores or retail chains. Their mail goals are: (1) create and maintain an image for a department or store that resonates with their target customers. Visual Merchandisers are responsible for conceptualizing. such as holidays (e. tradeshow displays. Visual Display Artists take into account current fashions and trends.
skilled Visual Merchandisers have become more sought after. Creativity is key with an above-average ability for artistic expression. • Now that retailers have realized the positive impact that displays can have on their in. It is also important to have the ability to work well with others.g.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. etc) is helpful. Career Path: Visual Merchandising Assistant > Visual Merchandiser > Visual Merchandising Coordinator > Visual Merchandising Director 25 .store customer traffic and therefore their bottom lines. Technical and design expertise (e. props. or they may be promoted to managerial positions of greater responsibilities. 2. as well as knowledge of fashion and art/design industry trends and forecasts. setting up proper lighting. • Experienced Visual Merchandisers who have a proven track record of creating great displays may have the option of joining or starting their own firms specializing in visual merchandising for retailers. building stet. Visual Merchandiser jobs are projected to grow at a pace higher than the national average. • In the coming years. Personal Characteristics and Skills: 1.
Working long hours. business acumen. Retail store managers are very high-level employees who are responsible for overseeing all aspects of a store's operations.RETAIL STORE MANAGER Also called: Store Manager. Depending on the size of a store. Department Store Manager Job Description: 1. and as such must have the right combination of fashion industry knowledge. setting up pricing policies. ordering a store's merchandise inventory. 4. 26 . training. evenings and holidays are often part of the job. weekends. 3. store managers do or at least are involved in some manner in everything from approving visual displays and print or television advertisements. 2. to hiring. firing and promoting employees. They are ultimately responsible for the store's bottom line. and interpersonal skills to keep their stores profitable.
Job stability for Retail Store Managers is now more than ever determined by the store's ongoing profitability. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • interpersonal and management skills • highly organized • detail oriented yet constantly thinking of the big picture • good business skills particularly in marketing. Candidates with retail experience will have the the best opportunity for jobs as store managers. sales and management. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Associate Manager > Store Manager > Department Store Manager 27 .Outlook: Employment for retail store managers / supervisors is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012. The growth of national chains has created more jobs at companies (instead of small retail stores) and thus created a career development path for many aspiring managers. accounting.
4. 28 . novelty items. and more. T-shirts. Boutique owners must be jacks of all trades as they typically oversee all aspects of a boutiques operations from planning and purchasing their inventory. 2. tuxedos. Successful boutique owners are very entrepreneurial-minded and driven people who use a combination of savvy business skills and in-depth knowledge of the fashion retail industry to make a profit. shoes. Owner Job Description: 1.BOUTIQUE OWNER Also called: Specialty Store Owner. Their stores often target a specific customer profile and often carry a specific mix of clothing and/or apparel designers that appeal to this demographic. watches. One could start a fashion boutique in one of the following areas: sportswear. sunglasses. setting up the in-store displays and managing employees. 3. accessories. dresses. handbags. lingerie. beachwear. vintage.
Personal Characteristics/Skills – • entrepreneurial and risk-taking personality • solid business background in fields such as Marketing. • Once the store is profitable. Sales and Management • in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion retail marketplace. or if they have created a strong enough brand. including trends and forecasts • flexible. • Often. Accounting. and the value of being one's own boss cannot be underestimated. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Retail Manager > Boutique Owner 29 . multi-tasking capabilities. owners can go on to open additional stores. excellent time management and communication skills.Outlook: • Being a small business owner is a dream for many people. successful owners are those who can attract investors with a solid business plan and operational structure. sell franchises for subsequent locations. • Setting up a boutique usually requires obtaining a bank loan or drawing from personal savings to cover initial investments.
Fashion Media & Promotions 30 .
magazines. • Fashion photographs. • Fashion writers and editors are employed by newspapers. web sites.Fashion Media & Promotions • The fashion industry offers a number of opportunities for creative professionals who aren't attracted to the design side. illustrators. 31 . and other media outlets to keep consumers up-to-date on style trends. and stylists are often employed by catalogs and magazines.
who together dig up their own stories e. Fashion Critic. newspapers. 4. models. celebrities and others who make up fashion's inner circle.FASHION WRITER Also called: Fashion Journalist. editors.. Talented fashion editors tend to partner with photographers. interesting and engaging to readers.g. and of course for television. fashion reporters must do thorough research and/or conduct interviews when preparing articles. fashion / design websites or blogs. 32 . Fashion Reporter Job Description: 1. Most draw upon their personal interest and incorporate their own personality into stories to make their pieces fun. 2. but for those who specialize in areas like designer collection reviews. The majority of the industry's fashion writers work within editorial departments of fashion design firms. 3. Fashion writers produce editorial copy for media outlets such as fashion magazines. Like all journalists. submitting articles on a freelance basis is often the preferred career direction. they are pitched to chief editors or other fashion media buyers like Vogue or Cosmo. 5. After developing these stories behind the scenes. formal portraits of designers..
spelling and grammar). textiles. Personal Characteristics . Skills – • Excellent English communication and writing skills (e. fabrics and business are also important. designers. • The fashion writing industry can be extremely competitive. and superior research and fact-checking skills are essential.Outlook: • National employment demand for all fashion journalists and writers is expected to grow through 2014.g. historical trends.. • A love of fashion and knowledge about the industry. Freelance fashion writers must have persistence and perseverance and be good at marketing their work Career Path: Editorial Assistant > Staff Fashion Writer > Fashion Editor 33 .Good interpersonal communication skills are needed for interviews and dealing with editors. attention to detail. • Two thirds of the nations working fashion editors will reside in either New York or California (US Dept of Labor).
Fashion stylists are responsible for bringing to life a photographer or director's vision for a fashion photo shoot. which can include basic tasks such as steaming and ironing garments. They coordinate colors and styles and ensure that all clothes are ready for the shoot. 2. layout. Companies such as magazines. fashions. music video. television and film production houses. catalog publishers. retailers. Many stylists also choose to run their own businesses.FASHION STYLIST Job Description: 1. 4. etc. Fashion stylists often scout locations. commercial. create the mood for the shoot by selecting and setting up the appropriate props. and music production companies often employ fashion stylists. 34 . accessories. print advertisement. advertising agencies. newspapers. or wealthy clients as wardrobe consultants to help them prepare for major events or appearances. 5. Stylists may also be employed by agents. and even models to fit the theme of the shoot. 3. public relations firms. celebrities.
• The most successful fashion stylists have extensive networks of contacts within the fashion industry to get the job done quickly and on budget. Mischa Barton. clients usually hire stylists they have used in the past or those who have proven success in the business. etc. bills. good interpersonal and networking skills • persistence and self-motivation.Outlook: • Aspiring fashion stylists should expect to work their way to the top. Career Path: Intern/Stylist's Apprentice > Assistant Fashion Stylist > Staff Fashion Stylist Famous Fashion Stylists: Jeff Ihenando: Stylist for supermodels Kate Moss. Kylie Minogue. Libery Ross. • In addition. Lauren Hutton. trends and forecasts • technical know-how for setting up sets. Naomi Campbell Rachel Zoe: Celebrity clients include Nichole Richie. creativity and resourcefulness • broad knowledge of fashion history. budgets. stylists who maintain a good professional reputation can expect plenty of repeat business and often take advantage of this by setting up their own independent businesses. Kelly Price 35 . • Once established. ability to market oneself • savvy business skills to deal with invoicing. Personal Characteristics and Skills – • eye for style. Keira Knightly Wardrobe stylist for Madonna.
PR specialists select information that they want to share with the public and write up press releases or conduct press conferences to distribute the news through television. As such. radio and direct mail. Fashion Media Relations Specialist Job Description: 1. 36 . 3. PR specialists must maintain strong professional relationships with media personnel. They are also responsible for interacting with media when questions or crises arise from outside sources. 4. Because they do not pay for publicity or media coverage. Public Relations (PR) Specialists must find creative ways to keep the company's brand name in the public eye. 2. Fashion Public Relations Specialists and Publicists help apparel companies and retail stores build and maintain a favorable public image. newspapers.FASHION PUBLIC RELATIONS SPECIALIST Also called: Fashion Publicist.
Career Path: Promotions Assistant > Public Relations Specialist > Public Relations Coordinator > Director of Public Relations 37 . Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Knowledge of journalistic basics including proper news release formats • excellent written and oral communication and presentation skills • good interpersonal skills. PR specialists often move into more senior PR Coordinator positions. • The market for PR specialists focused solely on fashion is growing quickly. After 3-5 years of experience in the field. • In addition to working on staff for design houses and retailers. PR specialists may also work at PR firms that handle work for a variety of clients.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. good time management and multi-tasking skills • ability to maintain an even temperament under stress.
2. both salaried and freelance editors should enjoy a fastpaced environment. Some fashion editors choose to freelance. 5. developing and presenting content for fashionspecific magazines. retail stores. Accessories Editor. and Milan). Due to the deadline-driven nature of their work. photo shoots. 4. New York. they are responsible for deciding the creative influence and direction that their departments will pursue during a given season or issue. and so on. Under guidance of the editor-in-chief. or television shows. specialty boutiques.g.FASHION EDITOR Also called: Apparel Editor. In addition.. accessories. editors are often required to travel to keep up with the latest fashion trends through meetings with designers and visits to fashion shows throughout the world (e.g. Fashion editors supervise the process of creating. beauty and make-up. Editors occupy the mid to highest-level positions at publications 3. clothing and accessories). Paris. websites. 38 . Editors may specialize in apparel. newspaper sections. working on a per-contract basis and assuming all of the costs of the fashion shoot (e. Fashion Producer Job Description: 1. London. and vintage clothing stores 6..
Career Path: Associate Editor > Editor > Senior Editor > Editor-in-Chief Famous Fashion Editor-in-Chiefs: Anna Wintour: Vogue Magazine Cindi Leive: Glamour Magazine Robbie Myers: Elle Magazine 39 . television shows. entertainment and lifestyle magazines. fashion sections of news. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Passion for fashion. newspapers. aspiring editors must be creative. • Once in the system. excellent interpersonal and management skills • competitive spirit • ability to perform well under stress. opportunities for advancement become more readily available.Outlook: • Employment of editors and writers is expected to increase 10% to 20% between 2002 and 2012 • There are a variety of outlets in which prospective editors may seek employment including but not limited to: fashion magazines. hard working and willing to start at the bottom and take opportunities as they arise. • Growth in any of these sectors means an increased demand for experienced writers and editors. broad knowledge of fashion industry trends and forecasts • excellent writing/journalistic talent with the ability to communicate effectively and clearly • great organization and planning skills. websites. etc. • Because competition for these jobs is fierce.
ability for self-promotion. Outlook: • Many of the jobs once performed exclusively by fashion illustrators are now also done by fashion photographers. however. 3. or out of their own studio. Career Path: Fashion Illustrator Freelance > Staff Fashion Illustrator 40 . and other media either by hand or use special computer software programs (e. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent computer skills. 2. department store ads. there are still opportunities for fashion illustration and fashion artist jobs.g. basic business know-how. • In addition. particularly with CAD software. for whom photographs will not suffice. well-trained and skilled illustrators are sought by employers like pattern companies and fashion forecast firms.. television commercials. or department store. computer aided design/CAD). films. Professional fashion artists may work on a freelance basis for an advertising agency. full-time jobs are often available with clothing catalog firms. Fashion illustrations are used in newspaper and magazine advertising layouts.FASHION IILUSTRATOR Also called: Fashion Artist Job Description: 1. catalogues. Fashion illustrators conceptualize and create sketches and drawings of apparel. • For example. and flyers. brochures. shoes. exceptional drawing skills. manufacturer. and accessories for fashion advertisements. direct mail catalogs. high level of creativity and artistic expression.
Career Path: Paste-up Artist > Graphic Designer > Art Director > Creative Director 41 . book covers. • Those who fit the bill may progress to become art directors or creative directors. Outlook: • Good to Excellent. or may decide to open their own graphic design firm and hire other designers.GRAPHIC DESIGNER Also called: Graphic Artist Job Description: 1. ability to collaborate other professionals. brochures. advertising. including business cards and stationary. Personal Characteristics/Skills . or out of their own studio. Graphic designers may work for an advertising agency. business acumen. packaging. attention to detail. graphic design firm. color and design. variety and length of experience.Good sense of style. 2. • Success for graphic designers is usually based on creativity and design sense. creativity and imagination. fashion magazine. as a freelance designer. and turnover in top positions. they work on a team with the Art Director and Creative Director in order to conceptualize and create specific designs to be approved by their client. and many other types of materials. In large agencies. • Faster than average growth is projected for graphic designers in the coming years thanks to the growth of the Internet and the increase in competition among apparel designers and manufacturers. Graphic Designers design and prepare camera-ready copy for any type of printed material. ability to tolerate criticism. good computer skills. for various fashion businesses.
and fashion houses to conceptualize. Magazine Photographer Job Description: 1. shoot. 2. photographers may also be responsible for scouting locations and hiring models and personnel for the photo shoot 42 . Professional fashion photographers must have a good eye for style and beauty and be skilled at working with models to achieve & capture the best possible poses and photos. Web sites.FASHION PHOTOGRAPHER Also called: Photographer. develop. and print still photos and/or videos to show off clothes and accessories in a creative manner that catches the eye of consumers. Catalogue Photographer. In addition to taking pictures. 3. Fashion photographers either freelance or are employed by catalogs. magazines.
Outlook: • Competition for jobs in magazine and commercial photography is stiff. Steven Meisel. darkroom procedures. Patrick Demarchelier. Mario Sorrenti 43 . and special characteristics of films and paper • good business and networking skills. ability to promote oneself • knowledge of trends in both photography and fashion industry. lighting. Career Path: Photographer's Assistant > Staff/Freelance Photographer > Photo Editor > Director of Photography Famous Fashion Photographers: Richard Avedon. and aspiring fashion photographers may outnumber the available assignments. Michael Thompson. and those who can develop a solid portfolio (body of work) may attain full-time staff positions or set up their own studios and work with more exclusive or well-known fashion clients. S • starting as an assistant or an apprentice is one way to get a foot in the door. including camera operations. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Artistic and creative expression • thorough knowledge of the technical and aesthetic aspects of photography. Mario Testino. solid interpersonal skills to communicate with models and convey your ideas. as Web sites look to continuously refresh their content. • However. Helmut Newton. composition. • With experience comes more opportunity. increased use of the Internet may spur further growth in fashion photography.
Other Fashion Careers 44 .
for TV.Other fashion career opportunities include --- • costume design . film and theater productions • personal stylist .positions with high-end department stores and private clients • and modeling work .for everything from newspapers ads to strutting the catwalk in Milan or Paris 45 .
country or social class costumes. create sketches of costumes.COSTUME DESIGNER Also called: Theatrical Designer Job Description: 1. time period and setting in which the action occurs. They do research. and develop costume budgets for the entire production. concerts and stage companies. They work primarily for motion pictures. 46 . Costume Designers research and design for authentic period. With any given project. 4. 2. 3. A good costume designer plays a big part in character or time period to vivid life on stage or screen. television. costume designers must get a feel for the mood.
Career Path: Design Assistant. • With the right skills. University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer. this hard work should enable the designer to land a higher-paying job in the television and film industries. experience.often as unpaid volunteers in college productions. demand for costume designers should follow. knowledge of fashion history and art history • as well as general world history • good research skills • technical skill in designing and dressmaking • ability to work and collaborate with other professionals • ability to handle stress from deadlines. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Creativity. • Aspiring costume designers usually start as assistants . perseverance. University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer. and a little luck. Broadway/OffBroadway Productions > Costume Designer.Outlook: • Employment opportunities for costume designers depends largely upon the Entertainment Industry. • As demand for movies and theater grow and the productions themselves become increasingly rich in design and costume. Television and Film 47 .
Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Related Fashion Position > Personal Stylist 48 . good listener. friendly and tactful. good networking skills. Personal Shopper Job Description: 1. Consultants make an evaluation of their clients' physical attributes.PERSONAL STYLIST Also called: Wardrobe Consultant. 3. lifestyle. enjoy shopping. 2. Personal stylists may often shop for their clients and pick out items that suit their image. • Personal stylists may give classes for small groups or run seminars for a client company. Personal stylists work with individuals or companies to educate clients about general fashion apparel and accessories. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent fashion sense. and fashion style in order to make recommendations on which fashion choices will help the client achieve and maintain their desired image. personal shoppers and merchandise buyers can gain credentials to work as independent consultants. knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts. • With enough experience. • Some lucky stylists work exclusively with high-profile celebrities in the sports and entertainment industries where a client's everyday look or image is often more important than how they look while they work. ability to promote oneself. Outlook: • Aspiring stylists should first get some experience in fashion retail positions. great presentation and oral communication skills. business savvy.
They may model in showrooms. 3. Karolina Kurkova. retail stores. Outlook: • Demand for both male models and models who are representative of diverse racial and ethnic groups should rise higher than average for all models. Adriana Lima. those who succeed often segue into careers in fashion and entertainment. Christie Brinkley. 2.FASHION MODEL Also called: Fashion Model. formal fashion show procedures and the use of cosmetics. Others work in fashion show modeling. excellent fashion style. Models try to convey an idea by their appearance. Personal Characteristics/Skills photogenic and physically attractive with height. persuading people to buy the products they advertise. Heidi Klum. Models work with clothing. custom salons or specialty stores. which is more theatrical. make-up. many people aspire to become models and the competition is healthy. Runway Model. Famous Supermodels: Kate Moss. • Yet. a positive attitude. weight and body measurements falling within certain industry standards. self-discipline. Career Path: Print Model > Runway Model > Supermodel 49 . and costume accessories in a variety of poses and settings. good people skills. familiarity with different modeling techniques. Tyra Banks. Naomi Campbell. Cindy Crawford. Others work mainly pose for still photographs used in print ads. • Like most glamorous and high status careers. and Laetitia Casta. brochures and catalogs. Print Model Job Description: 1.
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