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• Fashion Design Production Fashion Designer • Fashion Accessory Designer Marketing/Merchandising Fashion Merchandiser Fashion Buyer Fashion Sales Rep Fashion Coordinator Showroom Sales Rep Retail Merchandiser Product Manager Clothing Patternmaker Visual Merchandiser Retail Store Manager Pattern Grader Boutique Owner
• Fashion Media & Promotions Fashion Writer Fashion Stylist Fashion PR Specialist Fashion Editor Fashion Illustrator Graphic Designer Fashion Photographer
• Other Fashion Careers Costume Designer Personal Stylist Model
Fashion Design Production
• Fashion and accessory designers use their knowledge of design principles, techniques, and tools to create sketches and models of original garments, shoes, handbags and other fashion accessories. • They often specialize in a particular facet of clothing design, such as men's, women's, children's wear, or lingerie. • While some fashion designers control the entire design and marketing process, others use the services of patternmakers to create original textiles and trimmings, production managers to oversee the actual creation of the fashion line, and fashion merchandisers to introduce and establish the designs in the fashion marketplace.
sportswear etc. or individual jobs. maternity. and individual clients. 4. Fashion designers conceptualize and create new clothing. men. 2. 3. In larger fashion houses. Fashion designers usually specialize in a specific line of clothing such as women. individual designers may work in very specialized areas. They analyze fashion trends and work closely with production. bridal. especially when deadlines approach for launches. evening dresses. Potential employers include retailers. and fashion studios. produce. marketing. 7. shows. haute couturiers. ready-to-wear product for apparel manufacturers. textile and apparel manufacturers. 5 . and promote a finished. kids. 5. More experienced designers may be required to travel to promote their fashion lines. baby outfits. maternity clothes.FASHION DESIGNER Alternate Titles: Clothes Designer. such as tshirts. Fashion design is a demanding and unpredictable job with long hours. specialty and retail stores. an example being tailors who produce custom designs for weddings and other special events. and sales departments to design. Apparel Designer Job Description: 1. 6. or denims.
Expect long hours in the beginning and be prepared for seasonal slowdowns. shape. which creates more overall demand for clothing and accessories. drawing and sketching skills computer skills (especially with the use of CAD . Personal Characteristics and Skillsability to discriminate between colors and judge fabric quality & a good eye for style. and the population is growing.computer assisted design) knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts knowledge of manufacturing and production process ability to deal with ambiguity and rejection and to handle stress due to deadlines good business and marketing skills. Career Path: Design Assistant > Assistant Designer > Associate Designer > Fashion Director • • • • • • • 6 . and color above-average ability for sewing skills.Outlook: • • Demand for fashion designers will remain strong as consumers constantly seek new styles and fashion.
belts. to go with clothing. brides. shoes.ACCESSORY DESIGNER Also called: Jewelry Designer. gloves. and so on. Accessory designers conceptualize and create designs for jewelry. moms. etc. but also within apparel and fabric markets. ties. handbags. etc. 3. 2. be it men. hats. women. Job Description: 1. Accessory designers must always stay in touch not only with trends in their own specialties. Handbag Designer. kids. Accessory designers usually specialize in a specific line of accessories. as well as the customers for whom they design these accessories. 7 . in order to react to create pieces that complement the new hot styles in the market. Shoe Designer.
ability to work independently. Few staff positions are available. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • above average ability for creative expression • technical skill in working with materials required for the chosen specialty (such as metal and semi-precious stones for jewelry designers. handle stress due to deadlines Career Path: Design Assistant/ Freelance Accessory Designer > Associate Staff Accessory Designer > Accessory Designs Director 8 . so most accessory designers work independently.Outlook: • • Accessory design is a highly competitive field that requires a lot of selfmotivation. drawing and sketching skills • knowledge of and ability to react to current fashion trends • knowledge of manufacturing and production process • ability to keep production within a tight budget. etc) • persistence and determination.
9 . Apparel Merchandiser Job Description: 1. 5.FASHION MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandiser. 2. Merchandisers are some of the most powerful employees within an apparel company. A fashion merchandiser needs to be one of the first in the industry to spot the trend. Fashion merchandisers on the apparel production side track and analyze market trends. They may also be responsible for tracking profits and losses. 3. and previous sales numbers to determine the product direction that the manufacturers will take each season. Fashion merchandising professionals on the retail side are responsible for determining store inventory and to price clothes (MPR) 4. and have large personnel management responsibilities. production costs.
Outlook: • Every apparel maker needs at least one fashion merchandiser. detail oriented. Personal Characteristics and Skills – • extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends • highly analytical with strong math skills • ability to predict and create fashion trends • ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions. there are a number of merchandiser positions open • Those who have the business acumen and good fashion judgment to achieve and maintain profitability in their sector could advance high up the executive ladder. calm under pressure. Career Path: Fashion Buyer > Merchandising Assistant > Merchandiser > Merchandising Director 10 . • ability to work with other executives. decisive. As a result. well-organized.
They show samples. and catalogs of their manufacturer's product line. 2. 4. sometimes internationally. 3.FASHION SALES REPRESENTATIVE Also called: Manufacturer's Representative. and must be able to answer any questions regarding the products. and even help the customer sell more of the product by arranging special events like trunk shows and in-store fashion shows featuring their products. 5. Fashion Sales Representatives sell a manufacturer's garments and accessories to Fashion Buyers from wholesale and retail stores. This is a position that requires a good deal of travel. illustrations. Sales representatives usually solicit orders from new and prospective customers within a designated geographical area. 11 . They listen to their customers concerns about the product. assist in solving problems the customer may have with the product. Apparel Sales Representative Job Description: 1.
Personal Characteristics/Skills – • highly competitive • belief in the product and ability to maintain enthusiasm for it • excellent communication skills .Outlook: • Good to Excellent. • Higher than average growth within the US is projected in this sector.both written and oral • establish good relationships with customers • self-motivated with good follow-through skills • ability to deal with rejection and remain upbeat • knowledge of fashion industry trends and manufacturer's competitors. Career Path: Showroom Sales Representative/Assistant > Sales Representative > Sales Manager > Regional Sales Manager > National Sales Manager > VP Sales 12 . • Often the key to getting a job is the willingness and flexibility to travel to remote locations. with additional positions available overseas.
college graduates with good communication skills and the right personality have a good chance of being hired. Once they convince the Fashion Buyer to purchase the manufacturer's products. good listener. friendly. Career Path: Showroom Sales Assistant > Showroom Sales Representative > Showroom Sales Manager 13 . Personal Characteristics/Skills . Outlook: • Good to Excellent. They must then make sure that the right quantity of the right product reaches their customers' stores at the right time and in saleable condition. Showroom Representative Job Description: 1. They work at manufacturers and/or designers offices. advancement is a good possibility. excellent communication and presentation skills. they are responsible for accurately taking the Fashion Buyers order. 4. • With enough experience and some additional education or training.enthusiastic. good organizational and computer skills. where they meet with visiting Fashion Buyers and show the latest product line. knowledge of manufacturing and retail sectors of the fashion industry. 2. outgoing. • Although a showroom sales rep is a fairly competitive position. Showroom sales reps should expect to work additional long hours during the four to six market weeks or fashion weeks each year. 3.SHOWROOM SALES REPRESENTATIVES Also called: Showroom Salesperson.
Personal Characteristics/Skills . Product Managers usually handle a specific product. 2. • Most aspiring product managers must work up to this senior level. 4. calm under pressure. decisive. Career Path: Market Analyst > Merchandiser > Product Manager > Director of Product Management 14 . selling and distribution of a manufacturer or designer's products. detail oriented. well-organized. • As product managers gain extensive experience and knowledge of the manufacturer's operations. 3.highly analytical with strong math skills. Outlook: • Employment is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012. Product Managers are responsible for overseeing the conceptualization. ability to work with other executives. construction. This is a fairly senior position within a manufacturer's organization. ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions.PRODUCT MANAGER Also called: Product Development Manager Job Description: 1. They are also responsible for overseeing the set-up and implementation of quality assurance protocols for their product. they can be promoted into an executive leadership position. extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends. design. or product line. usually starting at an analyst or assistant position.
good communication skills.CLOTHING PATTERN MAKER Also called: Pattern Maker. Patternmakers use their expertise in body proportions and knowledge of fabric to translate the designer's apparel sketches into its various pattern pieces. squares. detail oriented.computer assisted drawing). Personal Characteristics/Skills . Outlook: • Pattern makers are very important to designers and fashion houses. Career Path: Fabric Cutter/Grader > Patternmaker > Assistant Designer > Designer. 15 . designs. manufacturers or as freelancers. • There should be opportunities either working for designers.great technical skills with an ability to use drafting tools (calipers. yet the number of people entering the trade has declined. Because of their understanding of the technical aspect of a design. ability to visualize the finished garment from a designers drawings. Apparel Patternmaker. • As styles become more complicated. pattern makers are vital to the success of a design. 3. Clothing patternmakers make full-size paper or fiberboard patterns for clothing. patternmakers often act as liaisons between the design and manufacturing groups. Alternatively Patternmakers may be promoted into Manufacturing/Production Management positions. good computer skills (specifically with CAD programs . understanding of apparel manufacturing process. expertise with body proportions. Fabric Patternmaker Job Description: 1. straight and curved rules). 2. and sketches.
L. Pattern graders are responsible for reducing or enlarging a pattern created by a patternmaker order to produce clothes across a range of sizes (S. etc) and fits (tall. • With the right attitude. good drafting and math skills. 2. or computer programs in their work. anyone starting as a pattern grader should have opportunities to progress on the road to becoming production managers. petite). Personal Characteristics/Skills . Outlook: • Opportunities for pattern graders are available. technical expertise and experience. pattern grading is considered more of a technically oriented career than patternmaking or designing. Pattern graders may use charts.PATTERN GRADER Also called: Grader Job Description: 1. ability to do precise manual work. but may also work for firms that specialize in pattern grading (such as an outsourcing provider). • Pattern graders may work directly for design houses or manufacturers. ability to manage deadlines and multiple projects. especially through turnover or attrition. machinery. analytical and problem-solving skills. Career Path: Pattern Grading Assistant > Pattern Grader > Patternmaker > Production Manager 16 . In general. M.Understanding of apparel construction and manufacturing and patternmaking.
Fashion Marketing/Merchandising 17 .
18 .Fashion Marketing/Merchandising • They are responsible for identifying and creating fashion trends to sell the products created by fashion designers. The fashion merchandising field includes jobs in both retail and wholesale sales. Drawing on their knowledge of consumer psychology and trends. they promote fashion with advertising and visual marketing campaigns.
so it is important for fashion buyers to be able to understand past. Fashion buyers use their sense of style. present.. 3. or wholesalers for the retailers or departmental stores 1 or 2 seasons in advance. and future fashion trends. 2. 4. Buyers must also be good at budgeting and planning inventory so that a good selection of clothing is always available for customers. Buyers often make their purchases of apparel and accessories from manufacturers.FASHION BUYER Also called: Apparel Buyer. and understanding of their target customers' desires to create an attractive selection of apparel for retail stores.g. Buyer Job Description: 1. knowledge of fashion trends. designers. Buyers for larger department stores usually specialize in a specific line of clothes or accessories (e. men's suits or women's denim) 19 .
• Advancement opportunities are good: Those who start at the assistant buyer level have a good chance of becoming full-fledged buyers within 3 to 5 years. • The overall number of fashion buyer positions available is expected to decrease.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Fashion buyers must be fashion-lovers with knowledge of fashion history and trends • good analytical skills • good negotiation abilities • flexible work attitude • excellent budgeting and planning skills • inventory management skills • ability to deal well with deadlines and stress. but new positions become available as a result of internal promotions of experienced buyers. Career Path: Assistant Fashion Buyer > Fashion Buyer > Divisional Merchandise Manager 20 .
5. designs. and serving as a middleman with fabric mills. and wholesalers to ensure that things are on schedule and colors. Long hours and frequent travel are part of the job. 6. 21 . They are constantly monitoring industry publications and talking to designers in order to understand industry trends and keep up with the latest in fabric and textile development. Additional responsibilities of a fashion coordinator may include organizing fashion parades. Fashion coordinators then share their analyses with retail salespeople and/or editors to guide them in making customer recommendations. 2. and they also share their analysis with buyers to guide them in making inventory purchases. Fashion Coordinators are responsible for creating a unified look and feel across all fashion divisions of a department store. 3. supervising fashion photography shoots for promotions.CO-ORDINATOR Also called: Fashion Director Job Description: 1. suppliers. or fashion magazine. and textiles are according to plan. design house. 4. Fashion directors need to assess the potential success of a garment or clothing line and determine the best plan for promotion and marketing.
judgment.g..) • knowledge and understanding of fashion trends • a flair for style. and presentation skills. • There are only a limited number of Fashion Coordinator positions available since it is a high-level position.Outlook: • Fair to Great. • However. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Assistant Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Director 22 . cuts. styles. etc. design houses. colors. negotiation. in-depth understanding of consumer behavior • an interest in artistic and creative pursuits. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • excellent understanding of fashion (e. these are available in areas like fashion magazines. great networking skills • great organizational skills • excellent communication. fabrics. and department stores.
product development and sales. They may also be responsible for organizing and coordinating promotional activities like fashion shows. Outlook: Good to Excellent. promote and sell clothing and accessories for a retail store. 5. expertise in planning. forecasting. They work with a team of buyers and managers to decide the most effective way to sell their products including advertising and display of merchandise & on how and where best to position and place merchandise. 2. Like Fashion Buyers. Career Path: Buyers > Associate Merchandising Manager > Merchandise Manager > General Merchandising Manager 23 . consumers. They study fashion trends. in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion marketplace. competitors. designers and merchandise markets. Merchandisers may also specialize in a specific line of clothing. Retail Merchandisers select. 6. great leadership and management skills. highly organized.RETAIL MERCHANDISER Also called: Merchandise Manager. 3. manufacturers and products. division or chain. 4. and make fashion forecasts basted on the information they collect. strong time management skills. Fashion Merchandiser Job Description: 1. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Exceptional analytical skills. purchase. designers. Long hours and plenty of travel are often part of the job. pricing. visit manufacturers. department.
and (3) guide their customers' browsing through merchandise placement and store layout to result in an eventual sale. Christmas and Valentine's Day). Visual Merchandisers must combine their creativity and artistic flair with technical know-how to set up displays that maximize the space of the store while effectively catching the eye and appealing to the senses of their target customers. Visual Display Artists take into account current fashions and trends.. 24 . In addition to drawing on their knowledge of customer tendencies when designing their displays. In larger department stores or retail chains.g. Visual Display Designer Job Description: 1.VISUAL MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandise Display Artist. or sold. Their mail goals are: (1) create and maintain an image for a department or store that resonates with their target customers. (2) increase customer traffic in the store. and seasonal factors. promotions. 2. such as holidays (e. promoted. 3. Visual Merchandisers coordinate with the head office and other design teams (including buyers and sales staff) to ensure consistency with the corporate brand or image. designing. 5. and any other areas where the store's apparel and accessories are displayed. 6. tradeshow displays. and implementing window and instore displays for both online and brick and mortar retail stores. Visual Merchandisers are responsible for conceptualizing. fashion showrooms. 4. Visual Merchandisers may provide input or oversee the design and layout of a store or department.
Outlook: • Good to Excellent. Creativity is key with an above-average ability for artistic expression. 2. skilled Visual Merchandisers have become more sought after. Career Path: Visual Merchandising Assistant > Visual Merchandiser > Visual Merchandising Coordinator > Visual Merchandising Director 25 . Visual Merchandiser jobs are projected to grow at a pace higher than the national average. building stet. It is also important to have the ability to work well with others. etc) is helpful. as well as knowledge of fashion and art/design industry trends and forecasts.store customer traffic and therefore their bottom lines. Technical and design expertise (e. • In the coming years. setting up proper lighting. Personal Characteristics and Skills: 1.g. • Experienced Visual Merchandisers who have a proven track record of creating great displays may have the option of joining or starting their own firms specializing in visual merchandising for retailers. or they may be promoted to managerial positions of greater responsibilities. props. • Now that retailers have realized the positive impact that displays can have on their in.
firing and promoting employees. 4. Working long hours.RETAIL STORE MANAGER Also called: Store Manager. 3. 2. and interpersonal skills to keep their stores profitable. store managers do or at least are involved in some manner in everything from approving visual displays and print or television advertisements. Depending on the size of a store. ordering a store's merchandise inventory. 26 . weekends. setting up pricing policies. business acumen. Retail store managers are very high-level employees who are responsible for overseeing all aspects of a store's operations. and as such must have the right combination of fashion industry knowledge. Department Store Manager Job Description: 1. training. They are ultimately responsible for the store's bottom line. to hiring. evenings and holidays are often part of the job.
Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Associate Manager > Store Manager > Department Store Manager 27 . Job stability for Retail Store Managers is now more than ever determined by the store's ongoing profitability. The growth of national chains has created more jobs at companies (instead of small retail stores) and thus created a career development path for many aspiring managers. sales and management. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • interpersonal and management skills • highly organized • detail oriented yet constantly thinking of the big picture • good business skills particularly in marketing. Candidates with retail experience will have the the best opportunity for jobs as store managers. accounting.Outlook: Employment for retail store managers / supervisors is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012.
2. sunglasses. Boutique owners must be jacks of all trades as they typically oversee all aspects of a boutiques operations from planning and purchasing their inventory. 4. handbags. beachwear.BOUTIQUE OWNER Also called: Specialty Store Owner. watches. accessories. shoes. Their stores often target a specific customer profile and often carry a specific mix of clothing and/or apparel designers that appeal to this demographic. and more. novelty items. 28 . Owner Job Description: 1. 3. vintage. dresses. T-shirts. tuxedos. setting up the in-store displays and managing employees. One could start a fashion boutique in one of the following areas: sportswear. lingerie. Successful boutique owners are very entrepreneurial-minded and driven people who use a combination of savvy business skills and in-depth knowledge of the fashion retail industry to make a profit.
Personal Characteristics/Skills – • entrepreneurial and risk-taking personality • solid business background in fields such as Marketing. and the value of being one's own boss cannot be underestimated. or if they have created a strong enough brand. Accounting. • Setting up a boutique usually requires obtaining a bank loan or drawing from personal savings to cover initial investments. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Retail Manager > Boutique Owner 29 . successful owners are those who can attract investors with a solid business plan and operational structure. sell franchises for subsequent locations. Sales and Management • in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion retail marketplace. owners can go on to open additional stores. multi-tasking capabilities. • Often. including trends and forecasts • flexible.Outlook: • Being a small business owner is a dream for many people. • Once the store is profitable. excellent time management and communication skills.
Fashion Media & Promotions 30 .
magazines. 31 .Fashion Media & Promotions • The fashion industry offers a number of opportunities for creative professionals who aren't attracted to the design side. • Fashion writers and editors are employed by newspapers. web sites. illustrators. and stylists are often employed by catalogs and magazines. • Fashion photographs. and other media outlets to keep consumers up-to-date on style trends.
Most draw upon their personal interest and incorporate their own personality into stories to make their pieces fun.. Talented fashion editors tend to partner with photographers. formal portraits of designers. models. Fashion Reporter Job Description: 1. Like all journalists. they are pitched to chief editors or other fashion media buyers like Vogue or Cosmo. Fashion Critic.. 2. interesting and engaging to readers. who together dig up their own stories e. 5. Fashion writers produce editorial copy for media outlets such as fashion magazines. and of course for television. newspapers. submitting articles on a freelance basis is often the preferred career direction. fashion / design websites or blogs. fashion reporters must do thorough research and/or conduct interviews when preparing articles.FASHION WRITER Also called: Fashion Journalist. editors. but for those who specialize in areas like designer collection reviews. celebrities and others who make up fashion's inner circle. The majority of the industry's fashion writers work within editorial departments of fashion design firms. After developing these stories behind the scenes. 4. 32 . 3.g.
historical trends. textiles. Personal Characteristics .g.. designers. Freelance fashion writers must have persistence and perseverance and be good at marketing their work Career Path: Editorial Assistant > Staff Fashion Writer > Fashion Editor 33 .Good interpersonal communication skills are needed for interviews and dealing with editors. and superior research and fact-checking skills are essential. fabrics and business are also important.Outlook: • National employment demand for all fashion journalists and writers is expected to grow through 2014. attention to detail. • The fashion writing industry can be extremely competitive. • Two thirds of the nations working fashion editors will reside in either New York or California (US Dept of Labor). spelling and grammar). Skills – • Excellent English communication and writing skills (e. • A love of fashion and knowledge about the industry.
2. They coordinate colors and styles and ensure that all clothes are ready for the shoot. and music production companies often employ fashion stylists. newspapers. Fashion stylists often scout locations.FASHION STYLIST Job Description: 1. celebrities. advertising agencies. music video. 3. layout. or wealthy clients as wardrobe consultants to help them prepare for major events or appearances. create the mood for the shoot by selecting and setting up the appropriate props. 34 . accessories. and even models to fit the theme of the shoot. retailers. Companies such as magazines. public relations firms. catalog publishers. Many stylists also choose to run their own businesses. which can include basic tasks such as steaming and ironing garments. 4. television and film production houses. etc. 5. fashions. commercial. Fashion stylists are responsible for bringing to life a photographer or director's vision for a fashion photo shoot. print advertisement. Stylists may also be employed by agents.
trends and forecasts • technical know-how for setting up sets. Lauren Hutton. Mischa Barton. budgets. Personal Characteristics and Skills – • eye for style. etc. • The most successful fashion stylists have extensive networks of contacts within the fashion industry to get the job done quickly and on budget. Naomi Campbell Rachel Zoe: Celebrity clients include Nichole Richie. stylists who maintain a good professional reputation can expect plenty of repeat business and often take advantage of this by setting up their own independent businesses. clients usually hire stylists they have used in the past or those who have proven success in the business. • Once established. bills. ability to market oneself • savvy business skills to deal with invoicing. Kelly Price 35 . Kylie Minogue. • In addition. Keira Knightly Wardrobe stylist for Madonna. creativity and resourcefulness • broad knowledge of fashion history. good interpersonal and networking skills • persistence and self-motivation. Career Path: Intern/Stylist's Apprentice > Assistant Fashion Stylist > Staff Fashion Stylist Famous Fashion Stylists: Jeff Ihenando: Stylist for supermodels Kate Moss.Outlook: • Aspiring fashion stylists should expect to work their way to the top. Libery Ross.
4. PR specialists must maintain strong professional relationships with media personnel. newspapers. Fashion Media Relations Specialist Job Description: 1. Fashion Public Relations Specialists and Publicists help apparel companies and retail stores build and maintain a favorable public image. radio and direct mail. Because they do not pay for publicity or media coverage.FASHION PUBLIC RELATIONS SPECIALIST Also called: Fashion Publicist. 3. As such. They are also responsible for interacting with media when questions or crises arise from outside sources. 2. PR specialists select information that they want to share with the public and write up press releases or conduct press conferences to distribute the news through television. Public Relations (PR) Specialists must find creative ways to keep the company's brand name in the public eye. 36 .
After 3-5 years of experience in the field. • In addition to working on staff for design houses and retailers. good time management and multi-tasking skills • ability to maintain an even temperament under stress. PR specialists often move into more senior PR Coordinator positions. Career Path: Promotions Assistant > Public Relations Specialist > Public Relations Coordinator > Director of Public Relations 37 .Outlook: • Good to Excellent. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Knowledge of journalistic basics including proper news release formats • excellent written and oral communication and presentation skills • good interpersonal skills. • The market for PR specialists focused solely on fashion is growing quickly. PR specialists may also work at PR firms that handle work for a variety of clients.
5. Editors occupy the mid to highest-level positions at publications 3.FASHION EDITOR Also called: Apparel Editor.g. specialty boutiques. beauty and make-up. clothing and accessories). In addition. and vintage clothing stores 6.g. 2. newspaper sections. retail stores. Accessories Editor.. they are responsible for deciding the creative influence and direction that their departments will pursue during a given season or issue. Due to the deadline-driven nature of their work. and so on. both salaried and freelance editors should enjoy a fastpaced environment.. Paris. Fashion Producer Job Description: 1. working on a per-contract basis and assuming all of the costs of the fashion shoot (e. photo shoots. Fashion editors supervise the process of creating. Editors may specialize in apparel. websites. Some fashion editors choose to freelance. or television shows. New York. and Milan). editors are often required to travel to keep up with the latest fashion trends through meetings with designers and visits to fashion shows throughout the world (e. developing and presenting content for fashionspecific magazines. accessories. 4. Under guidance of the editor-in-chief. 38 . London.
Outlook: • Employment of editors and writers is expected to increase 10% to 20% between 2002 and 2012 • There are a variety of outlets in which prospective editors may seek employment including but not limited to: fashion magazines. etc. newspapers. entertainment and lifestyle magazines. • Because competition for these jobs is fierce. websites. • Once in the system. aspiring editors must be creative. Career Path: Associate Editor > Editor > Senior Editor > Editor-in-Chief Famous Fashion Editor-in-Chiefs: Anna Wintour: Vogue Magazine Cindi Leive: Glamour Magazine Robbie Myers: Elle Magazine 39 . broad knowledge of fashion industry trends and forecasts • excellent writing/journalistic talent with the ability to communicate effectively and clearly • great organization and planning skills. television shows. opportunities for advancement become more readily available. excellent interpersonal and management skills • competitive spirit • ability to perform well under stress. hard working and willing to start at the bottom and take opportunities as they arise. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Passion for fashion. fashion sections of news. • Growth in any of these sectors means an increased demand for experienced writers and editors.
Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent computer skills. Professional fashion artists may work on a freelance basis for an advertising agency. Career Path: Fashion Illustrator Freelance > Staff Fashion Illustrator 40 . Outlook: • Many of the jobs once performed exclusively by fashion illustrators are now also done by fashion photographers. however. • In addition. for whom photographs will not suffice. television commercials. Fashion illustrations are used in newspaper and magazine advertising layouts.. direct mail catalogs. and other media either by hand or use special computer software programs (e. high level of creativity and artistic expression. 3. well-trained and skilled illustrators are sought by employers like pattern companies and fashion forecast firms. there are still opportunities for fashion illustration and fashion artist jobs. shoes. or out of their own studio. and accessories for fashion advertisements. manufacturer. 2. department store ads. full-time jobs are often available with clothing catalog firms. brochures. or department store. computer aided design/CAD). ability for self-promotion.g. and flyers. films. catalogues.FASHION IILUSTRATOR Also called: Fashion Artist Job Description: 1. exceptional drawing skills. • For example. basic business know-how. Fashion illustrators conceptualize and create sketches and drawings of apparel. particularly with CAD software.
Graphic Designers design and prepare camera-ready copy for any type of printed material. 2. or out of their own studio. brochures. book covers. fashion magazine. graphic design firm. including business cards and stationary. and many other types of materials. Graphic designers may work for an advertising agency.Good sense of style.GRAPHIC DESIGNER Also called: Graphic Artist Job Description: 1. business acumen. creativity and imagination. advertising. ability to collaborate other professionals. In large agencies. Career Path: Paste-up Artist > Graphic Designer > Art Director > Creative Director 41 . packaging. attention to detail. Personal Characteristics/Skills . • Success for graphic designers is usually based on creativity and design sense. good computer skills. or may decide to open their own graphic design firm and hire other designers. variety and length of experience. ability to tolerate criticism. • Those who fit the bill may progress to become art directors or creative directors. • Faster than average growth is projected for graphic designers in the coming years thanks to the growth of the Internet and the increase in competition among apparel designers and manufacturers. color and design. Outlook: • Good to Excellent. they work on a team with the Art Director and Creative Director in order to conceptualize and create specific designs to be approved by their client. as a freelance designer. for various fashion businesses. and turnover in top positions.
and print still photos and/or videos to show off clothes and accessories in a creative manner that catches the eye of consumers. Catalogue Photographer. shoot. Professional fashion photographers must have a good eye for style and beauty and be skilled at working with models to achieve & capture the best possible poses and photos. photographers may also be responsible for scouting locations and hiring models and personnel for the photo shoot 42 . Web sites. Fashion photographers either freelance or are employed by catalogs. magazines. 2. Magazine Photographer Job Description: 1. In addition to taking pictures. develop. and fashion houses to conceptualize. 3.FASHION PHOTOGRAPHER Also called: Photographer.
and those who can develop a solid portfolio (body of work) may attain full-time staff positions or set up their own studios and work with more exclusive or well-known fashion clients. • However. ability to promote oneself • knowledge of trends in both photography and fashion industry. and special characteristics of films and paper • good business and networking skills. Career Path: Photographer's Assistant > Staff/Freelance Photographer > Photo Editor > Director of Photography Famous Fashion Photographers: Richard Avedon. solid interpersonal skills to communicate with models and convey your ideas.Outlook: • Competition for jobs in magazine and commercial photography is stiff. including camera operations. • With experience comes more opportunity. lighting. Michael Thompson. increased use of the Internet may spur further growth in fashion photography. and aspiring fashion photographers may outnumber the available assignments. Mario Sorrenti 43 . darkroom procedures. composition. Mario Testino. S • starting as an assistant or an apprentice is one way to get a foot in the door. Patrick Demarchelier. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Artistic and creative expression • thorough knowledge of the technical and aesthetic aspects of photography. as Web sites look to continuously refresh their content. Steven Meisel. Helmut Newton.
Other Fashion Careers 44 .
for TV. film and theater productions • personal stylist .positions with high-end department stores and private clients • and modeling work .Other fashion career opportunities include --- • costume design .for everything from newspapers ads to strutting the catwalk in Milan or Paris 45 .
46 . Costume Designers research and design for authentic period. A good costume designer plays a big part in character or time period to vivid life on stage or screen.COSTUME DESIGNER Also called: Theatrical Designer Job Description: 1. costume designers must get a feel for the mood. With any given project. They do research. 3. television. 2. create sketches of costumes. concerts and stage companies. country or social class costumes. time period and setting in which the action occurs. and develop costume budgets for the entire production. They work primarily for motion pictures. 4.
and a little luck. • As demand for movies and theater grow and the productions themselves become increasingly rich in design and costume. Television and Film 47 . Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Creativity. Career Path: Design Assistant. • With the right skills. this hard work should enable the designer to land a higher-paying job in the television and film industries. • Aspiring costume designers usually start as assistants . demand for costume designers should follow. perseverance.Outlook: • Employment opportunities for costume designers depends largely upon the Entertainment Industry. experience. University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer. knowledge of fashion history and art history • as well as general world history • good research skills • technical skill in designing and dressmaking • ability to work and collaborate with other professionals • ability to handle stress from deadlines. Broadway/OffBroadway Productions > Costume Designer.often as unpaid volunteers in college productions. University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer.
great presentation and oral communication skills. good networking skills. friendly and tactful. • Some lucky stylists work exclusively with high-profile celebrities in the sports and entertainment industries where a client's everyday look or image is often more important than how they look while they work. Personal stylists may often shop for their clients and pick out items that suit their image. Outlook: • Aspiring stylists should first get some experience in fashion retail positions. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Related Fashion Position > Personal Stylist 48 . 2. and fashion style in order to make recommendations on which fashion choices will help the client achieve and maintain their desired image. Personal Shopper Job Description: 1. • Personal stylists may give classes for small groups or run seminars for a client company. ability to promote oneself. knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts. 3. lifestyle. • With enough experience. good listener. enjoy shopping. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent fashion sense.PERSONAL STYLIST Also called: Wardrobe Consultant. business savvy. Personal stylists work with individuals or companies to educate clients about general fashion apparel and accessories. personal shoppers and merchandise buyers can gain credentials to work as independent consultants. Consultants make an evaluation of their clients' physical attributes.
Karolina Kurkova. Others work mainly pose for still photographs used in print ads. Career Path: Print Model > Runway Model > Supermodel 49 . retail stores. Print Model Job Description: 1. those who succeed often segue into careers in fashion and entertainment. • Like most glamorous and high status careers. Heidi Klum. Personal Characteristics/Skills photogenic and physically attractive with height. custom salons or specialty stores. excellent fashion style.FASHION MODEL Also called: Fashion Model. 2. Cindy Crawford. Adriana Lima. and Laetitia Casta. 3. Runway Model. Naomi Campbell. They may model in showrooms. many people aspire to become models and the competition is healthy. a positive attitude. Models try to convey an idea by their appearance. and costume accessories in a variety of poses and settings. Christie Brinkley. self-discipline. which is more theatrical. familiarity with different modeling techniques. good people skills. formal fashion show procedures and the use of cosmetics. brochures and catalogs. Outlook: • Demand for both male models and models who are representative of diverse racial and ethnic groups should rise higher than average for all models. Others work in fashion show modeling. make-up. Famous Supermodels: Kate Moss. persuading people to buy the products they advertise. Tyra Banks. weight and body measurements falling within certain industry standards. • Yet. Models work with clothing.
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