Fashion Careers

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• Fashion Design Production Fashion Designer • Fashion Accessory Designer Marketing/Merchandising Fashion Merchandiser Fashion Buyer Fashion Sales Rep Fashion Coordinator Showroom Sales Rep Retail Merchandiser Product Manager Clothing Patternmaker Visual Merchandiser Retail Store Manager Pattern Grader Boutique Owner

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• Fashion Media & Promotions Fashion Writer Fashion Stylist Fashion PR Specialist Fashion Editor Fashion Illustrator Graphic Designer Fashion Photographer

• Other Fashion Careers Costume Designer Personal Stylist Model

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Fashion Design Production
• Fashion and accessory designers use their knowledge of design principles, techniques, and tools to create sketches and models of original garments, shoes, handbags and other fashion accessories. • They often specialize in a particular facet of clothing design, such as men's, women's, children's wear, or lingerie. • While some fashion designers control the entire design and marketing process, others use the services of patternmakers to create original textiles and trimmings, production managers to oversee the actual creation of the fashion line, and fashion merchandisers to introduce and establish the designs in the fashion marketplace.
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produce. More experienced designers may be required to travel to promote their fashion lines. and sales departments to design. Fashion designers usually specialize in a specific line of clothing such as women. 7. men. bridal. specialty and retail stores. or denims. 5. baby outfits. and individual clients. an example being tailors who produce custom designs for weddings and other special events. 3. textile and apparel manufacturers. such as tshirts. maternity clothes. Fashion designers conceptualize and create new clothing. Apparel Designer Job Description: 1. haute couturiers. or individual jobs. and promote a finished. maternity. 6. shows. Potential employers include retailers. marketing. individual designers may work in very specialized areas. kids.FASHION DESIGNER Alternate Titles: Clothes Designer. ready-to-wear product for apparel manufacturers. 2. and fashion studios. sportswear etc. 5 . especially when deadlines approach for launches. They analyze fashion trends and work closely with production. evening dresses. In larger fashion houses. 4. Fashion design is a demanding and unpredictable job with long hours.

which creates more overall demand for clothing and accessories.Outlook: • • Demand for fashion designers will remain strong as consumers constantly seek new styles and fashion. Career Path: Design Assistant > Assistant Designer > Associate Designer > Fashion Director • • • • • • • 6 . drawing and sketching skills computer skills (especially with the use of CAD . shape. and the population is growing. and color above-average ability for sewing skills. Personal Characteristics and Skillsability to discriminate between colors and judge fabric quality & a good eye for style.computer assisted design) knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts knowledge of manufacturing and production process ability to deal with ambiguity and rejection and to handle stress due to deadlines good business and marketing skills. Expect long hours in the beginning and be prepared for seasonal slowdowns.

Accessory designers usually specialize in a specific line of accessories. kids. 2. etc. Handbag Designer. belts. as well as the customers for whom they design these accessories. Shoe Designer. but also within apparel and fabric markets.ACCESSORY DESIGNER Also called: Jewelry Designer. Accessory designers must always stay in touch not only with trends in their own specialties. to go with clothing. gloves. etc. 7 . Accessory designers conceptualize and create designs for jewelry. shoes. ties. handbags. women. 3. moms. brides. and so on. be it men. hats. Job Description: 1. in order to react to create pieces that complement the new hot styles in the market.

handle stress due to deadlines Career Path: Design Assistant/ Freelance Accessory Designer > Associate Staff Accessory Designer > Accessory Designs Director 8 .Outlook: • • Accessory design is a highly competitive field that requires a lot of selfmotivation. so most accessory designers work independently. etc) • persistence and determination. drawing and sketching skills • knowledge of and ability to react to current fashion trends • knowledge of manufacturing and production process • ability to keep production within a tight budget. ability to work independently. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • above average ability for creative expression • technical skill in working with materials required for the chosen specialty (such as metal and semi-precious stones for jewelry designers. Few staff positions are available.

A fashion merchandiser needs to be one of the first in the industry to spot the trend. 9 . They may also be responsible for tracking profits and losses. 2. Apparel Merchandiser Job Description: 1. Merchandisers are some of the most powerful employees within an apparel company. 5. and previous sales numbers to determine the product direction that the manufacturers will take each season. 3.FASHION MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandiser. Fashion merchandisers on the apparel production side track and analyze market trends. production costs. Fashion merchandising professionals on the retail side are responsible for determining store inventory and to price clothes (MPR) 4. and have large personnel management responsibilities.

• ability to work with other executives. Personal Characteristics and Skills – • extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends • highly analytical with strong math skills • ability to predict and create fashion trends • ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions. Career Path: Fashion Buyer > Merchandising Assistant > Merchandiser > Merchandising Director 10 .Outlook: • Every apparel maker needs at least one fashion merchandiser. As a result. calm under pressure. detail oriented. well-organized. decisive. there are a number of merchandiser positions open • Those who have the business acumen and good fashion judgment to achieve and maintain profitability in their sector could advance high up the executive ladder.

3.FASHION SALES REPRESENTATIVE Also called: Manufacturer's Representative. and even help the customer sell more of the product by arranging special events like trunk shows and in-store fashion shows featuring their products. They listen to their customers concerns about the product. 4. 11 . and catalogs of their manufacturer's product line. Sales representatives usually solicit orders from new and prospective customers within a designated geographical area. assist in solving problems the customer may have with the product. Apparel Sales Representative Job Description: 1. 5. 2. sometimes internationally. illustrations. They show samples. and must be able to answer any questions regarding the products. Fashion Sales Representatives sell a manufacturer's garments and accessories to Fashion Buyers from wholesale and retail stores. This is a position that requires a good deal of travel.

• Higher than average growth within the US is projected in this sector. Career Path: Showroom Sales Representative/Assistant > Sales Representative > Sales Manager > Regional Sales Manager > National Sales Manager > VP Sales 12 . • Often the key to getting a job is the willingness and flexibility to travel to remote locations.Outlook: • Good to Excellent.both written and oral • establish good relationships with customers • self-motivated with good follow-through skills • ability to deal with rejection and remain upbeat • knowledge of fashion industry trends and manufacturer's competitors. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • highly competitive • belief in the product and ability to maintain enthusiasm for it • excellent communication skills . with additional positions available overseas.

They work at manufacturers and/or designers offices.enthusiastic. Showroom sales reps should expect to work additional long hours during the four to six market weeks or fashion weeks each year. 4. where they meet with visiting Fashion Buyers and show the latest product line. 2. Once they convince the Fashion Buyer to purchase the manufacturer's products. outgoing. • With enough experience and some additional education or training. They must then make sure that the right quantity of the right product reaches their customers' stores at the right time and in saleable condition. Career Path: Showroom Sales Assistant > Showroom Sales Representative > Showroom Sales Manager 13 . • Although a showroom sales rep is a fairly competitive position. Showroom Representative Job Description: 1. friendly. Outlook: • Good to Excellent. good listener. advancement is a good possibility. college graduates with good communication skills and the right personality have a good chance of being hired. good organizational and computer skills. they are responsible for accurately taking the Fashion Buyers order. knowledge of manufacturing and retail sectors of the fashion industry. Personal Characteristics/Skills . 3.SHOWROOM SALES REPRESENTATIVES Also called: Showroom Salesperson. excellent communication and presentation skills.

They are also responsible for overseeing the set-up and implementation of quality assurance protocols for their product. calm under pressure. Outlook: • Employment is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012. 2. 3. ability to work with other executives. decisive. construction. extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends. • Most aspiring product managers must work up to this senior level. Product Managers usually handle a specific product.PRODUCT MANAGER Also called: Product Development Manager Job Description: 1. or product line. Product Managers are responsible for overseeing the conceptualization. design. well-organized. usually starting at an analyst or assistant position. • As product managers gain extensive experience and knowledge of the manufacturer's operations. detail oriented. ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions. 4. they can be promoted into an executive leadership position. Personal Characteristics/Skills . This is a fairly senior position within a manufacturer's organization. Career Path: Market Analyst > Merchandiser > Product Manager > Director of Product Management 14 . selling and distribution of a manufacturer or designer's products.highly analytical with strong math skills.

15 . designs. Alternatively Patternmakers may be promoted into Manufacturing/Production Management positions. pattern makers are vital to the success of a design. yet the number of people entering the trade has declined. 2. patternmakers often act as liaisons between the design and manufacturing groups. Outlook: • Pattern makers are very important to designers and fashion houses. 3. expertise with body proportions.computer assisted drawing). squares. Because of their understanding of the technical aspect of a design. Clothing patternmakers make full-size paper or fiberboard patterns for clothing. ability to visualize the finished garment from a designers drawings. Fabric Patternmaker Job Description: 1. • As styles become more complicated. understanding of apparel manufacturing process. straight and curved rules). Patternmakers use their expertise in body proportions and knowledge of fabric to translate the designer's apparel sketches into its various pattern pieces. good computer skills (specifically with CAD programs . good communication skills.great technical skills with an ability to use drafting tools (calipers. manufacturers or as freelancers. Personal Characteristics/Skills .CLOTHING PATTERN MAKER Also called: Pattern Maker. Apparel Patternmaker. Career Path: Fabric Cutter/Grader > Patternmaker > Assistant Designer > Designer. and sketches. • There should be opportunities either working for designers. detail oriented.

especially through turnover or attrition. Career Path: Pattern Grading Assistant > Pattern Grader > Patternmaker > Production Manager 16 . or computer programs in their work. Personal Characteristics/Skills . In general. ability to do precise manual work. analytical and problem-solving skills. machinery. but may also work for firms that specialize in pattern grading (such as an outsourcing provider). good drafting and math skills. technical expertise and experience.Understanding of apparel construction and manufacturing and patternmaking. etc) and fits (tall. ability to manage deadlines and multiple projects. Pattern graders are responsible for reducing or enlarging a pattern created by a patternmaker order to produce clothes across a range of sizes (S. Outlook: • Opportunities for pattern graders are available. petite). • With the right attitude. L.PATTERN GRADER Also called: Grader Job Description: 1. Pattern graders may use charts. 2. • Pattern graders may work directly for design houses or manufacturers. M. anyone starting as a pattern grader should have opportunities to progress on the road to becoming production managers. pattern grading is considered more of a technically oriented career than patternmaking or designing.

Fashion Marketing/Merchandising 17 .

Drawing on their knowledge of consumer psychology and trends. The fashion merchandising field includes jobs in both retail and wholesale sales. 18 .Fashion Marketing/Merchandising • They are responsible for identifying and creating fashion trends to sell the products created by fashion designers. they promote fashion with advertising and visual marketing campaigns.

2.FASHION BUYER Also called: Apparel Buyer. present. and understanding of their target customers' desires to create an attractive selection of apparel for retail stores. knowledge of fashion trends.. so it is important for fashion buyers to be able to understand past. and future fashion trends. or wholesalers for the retailers or departmental stores 1 or 2 seasons in advance. Buyers must also be good at budgeting and planning inventory so that a good selection of clothing is always available for customers. designers. Buyers for larger department stores usually specialize in a specific line of clothes or accessories (e. Buyer Job Description: 1.g. Buyers often make their purchases of apparel and accessories from manufacturers. Fashion buyers use their sense of style. 3. 4. men's suits or women's denim) 19 .

Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Fashion buyers must be fashion-lovers with knowledge of fashion history and trends • good analytical skills • good negotiation abilities • flexible work attitude • excellent budgeting and planning skills • inventory management skills • ability to deal well with deadlines and stress. but new positions become available as a result of internal promotions of experienced buyers. • Advancement opportunities are good: Those who start at the assistant buyer level have a good chance of becoming full-fledged buyers within 3 to 5 years. • The overall number of fashion buyer positions available is expected to decrease.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. Career Path: Assistant Fashion Buyer > Fashion Buyer > Divisional Merchandise Manager 20 .

and they also share their analysis with buyers to guide them in making inventory purchases. 5. and wholesalers to ensure that things are on schedule and colors. 2. 3. design house. 21 . and serving as a middleman with fabric mills. They are constantly monitoring industry publications and talking to designers in order to understand industry trends and keep up with the latest in fabric and textile development. Fashion Coordinators are responsible for creating a unified look and feel across all fashion divisions of a department store. 6. 4. designs. Long hours and frequent travel are part of the job. and textiles are according to plan. Fashion directors need to assess the potential success of a garment or clothing line and determine the best plan for promotion and marketing. suppliers.CO-ORDINATOR Also called: Fashion Director Job Description: 1. Additional responsibilities of a fashion coordinator may include organizing fashion parades. or fashion magazine. Fashion coordinators then share their analyses with retail salespeople and/or editors to guide them in making customer recommendations. supervising fashion photography shoots for promotions.

fabrics. great networking skills • great organizational skills • excellent communication. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Assistant Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Director 22 . cuts. and department stores. and presentation skills. negotiation. these are available in areas like fashion magazines.g. • There are only a limited number of Fashion Coordinator positions available since it is a high-level position. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • excellent understanding of fashion (e. etc. judgment.Outlook: • Fair to Great. design houses. in-depth understanding of consumer behavior • an interest in artistic and creative pursuits. • However.) • knowledge and understanding of fashion trends • a flair for style. styles.. colors.

pricing. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Exceptional analytical skills. 2. highly organized. and make fashion forecasts basted on the information they collect.RETAIL MERCHANDISER Also called: Merchandise Manager. 5. great leadership and management skills. forecasting. Like Fashion Buyers. Career Path: Buyers > Associate Merchandising Manager > Merchandise Manager > General Merchandising Manager 23 . Fashion Merchandiser Job Description: 1. manufacturers and products. in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion marketplace. They study fashion trends. department. strong time management skills. Retail Merchandisers select. product development and sales. promote and sell clothing and accessories for a retail store. Long hours and plenty of travel are often part of the job. Merchandisers may also specialize in a specific line of clothing. Outlook: Good to Excellent. consumers. expertise in planning. designers. They work with a team of buyers and managers to decide the most effective way to sell their products including advertising and display of merchandise & on how and where best to position and place merchandise. designers and merchandise markets. They may also be responsible for organizing and coordinating promotional activities like fashion shows. purchase. visit manufacturers. 6. 3. 4. competitors. division or chain.

. In addition to drawing on their knowledge of customer tendencies when designing their displays. promoted. designing. and implementing window and instore displays for both online and brick and mortar retail stores. 5.g. In larger department stores or retail chains. 4. 3. Christmas and Valentine's Day). such as holidays (e. and seasonal factors. and (3) guide their customers' browsing through merchandise placement and store layout to result in an eventual sale. Visual Merchandisers may provide input or oversee the design and layout of a store or department. (2) increase customer traffic in the store. 6. Visual Merchandisers are responsible for conceptualizing. fashion showrooms. Visual Merchandisers must combine their creativity and artistic flair with technical know-how to set up displays that maximize the space of the store while effectively catching the eye and appealing to the senses of their target customers. 24 . Visual Merchandisers coordinate with the head office and other design teams (including buyers and sales staff) to ensure consistency with the corporate brand or image.VISUAL MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandise Display Artist. or sold. and any other areas where the store's apparel and accessories are displayed. Visual Display Artists take into account current fashions and trends. tradeshow displays. 2. Their mail goals are: (1) create and maintain an image for a department or store that resonates with their target customers. promotions. Visual Display Designer Job Description: 1.

Outlook: • Good to Excellent.store customer traffic and therefore their bottom lines. Visual Merchandiser jobs are projected to grow at a pace higher than the national average. skilled Visual Merchandisers have become more sought after. setting up proper lighting. building stet. etc) is helpful. • In the coming years. or they may be promoted to managerial positions of greater responsibilities. Personal Characteristics and Skills: 1. It is also important to have the ability to work well with others. 2. Technical and design expertise (e. Creativity is key with an above-average ability for artistic expression. • Now that retailers have realized the positive impact that displays can have on their in. Career Path: Visual Merchandising Assistant > Visual Merchandiser > Visual Merchandising Coordinator > Visual Merchandising Director 25 . as well as knowledge of fashion and art/design industry trends and forecasts.g. props. • Experienced Visual Merchandisers who have a proven track record of creating great displays may have the option of joining or starting their own firms specializing in visual merchandising for retailers.

ordering a store's merchandise inventory. They are ultimately responsible for the store's bottom line. Department Store Manager Job Description: 1. 26 . business acumen. training. store managers do or at least are involved in some manner in everything from approving visual displays and print or television advertisements. Depending on the size of a store. weekends. evenings and holidays are often part of the job. 3. 2. 4. and interpersonal skills to keep their stores profitable. setting up pricing policies.RETAIL STORE MANAGER Also called: Store Manager. Working long hours. to hiring. Retail store managers are very high-level employees who are responsible for overseeing all aspects of a store's operations. firing and promoting employees. and as such must have the right combination of fashion industry knowledge.

accounting. Candidates with retail experience will have the the best opportunity for jobs as store managers.Outlook: Employment for retail store managers / supervisors is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012. sales and management. Job stability for Retail Store Managers is now more than ever determined by the store's ongoing profitability. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Associate Manager > Store Manager > Department Store Manager 27 . Personal Characteristics/Skills – • interpersonal and management skills • highly organized • detail oriented yet constantly thinking of the big picture • good business skills particularly in marketing. The growth of national chains has created more jobs at companies (instead of small retail stores) and thus created a career development path for many aspiring managers.

vintage. 2. novelty items. 28 . sunglasses. Boutique owners must be jacks of all trades as they typically oversee all aspects of a boutiques operations from planning and purchasing their inventory. T-shirts. beachwear. 4. dresses. tuxedos. lingerie. shoes. and more. watches. One could start a fashion boutique in one of the following areas: sportswear. Successful boutique owners are very entrepreneurial-minded and driven people who use a combination of savvy business skills and in-depth knowledge of the fashion retail industry to make a profit. setting up the in-store displays and managing employees. handbags. accessories.BOUTIQUE OWNER Also called: Specialty Store Owner. 3. Owner Job Description: 1. Their stores often target a specific customer profile and often carry a specific mix of clothing and/or apparel designers that appeal to this demographic.

or if they have created a strong enough brand. • Often.Outlook: • Being a small business owner is a dream for many people. • Once the store is profitable. Accounting. successful owners are those who can attract investors with a solid business plan and operational structure. including trends and forecasts • flexible. and the value of being one's own boss cannot be underestimated. excellent time management and communication skills. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • entrepreneurial and risk-taking personality • solid business background in fields such as Marketing. Sales and Management • in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion retail marketplace. owners can go on to open additional stores. • Setting up a boutique usually requires obtaining a bank loan or drawing from personal savings to cover initial investments. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Retail Manager > Boutique Owner 29 . multi-tasking capabilities. sell franchises for subsequent locations.

Fashion Media & Promotions 30 .

• Fashion photographs. • Fashion writers and editors are employed by newspapers. illustrators. and stylists are often employed by catalogs and magazines. 31 . and other media outlets to keep consumers up-to-date on style trends.Fashion Media & Promotions • The fashion industry offers a number of opportunities for creative professionals who aren't attracted to the design side. magazines. web sites.

who together dig up their own stories e. Most draw upon their personal interest and incorporate their own personality into stories to make their pieces fun. Talented fashion editors tend to partner with photographers. 3.. Like all journalists. fashion reporters must do thorough research and/or conduct interviews when preparing articles.g. submitting articles on a freelance basis is often the preferred career direction. formal portraits of designers. 5. fashion / design websites or blogs. Fashion Reporter Job Description: 1. The majority of the industry's fashion writers work within editorial departments of fashion design firms. editors. but for those who specialize in areas like designer collection reviews.FASHION WRITER Also called: Fashion Journalist. Fashion writers produce editorial copy for media outlets such as fashion magazines.. interesting and engaging to readers. After developing these stories behind the scenes. 32 . celebrities and others who make up fashion's inner circle. 2. Fashion Critic. and of course for television. they are pitched to chief editors or other fashion media buyers like Vogue or Cosmo. 4. newspapers. models.

Good interpersonal communication skills are needed for interviews and dealing with editors. Freelance fashion writers must have persistence and perseverance and be good at marketing their work Career Path: Editorial Assistant > Staff Fashion Writer > Fashion Editor 33 .g. • A love of fashion and knowledge about the industry. Skills – • Excellent English communication and writing skills (e. spelling and grammar). and superior research and fact-checking skills are essential. Personal Characteristics . fabrics and business are also important.. • Two thirds of the nations working fashion editors will reside in either New York or California (US Dept of Labor). textiles. attention to detail. • The fashion writing industry can be extremely competitive. designers. historical trends.Outlook: • National employment demand for all fashion journalists and writers is expected to grow through 2014.

which can include basic tasks such as steaming and ironing garments. 2. create the mood for the shoot by selecting and setting up the appropriate props. accessories. Fashion stylists often scout locations. television and film production houses.FASHION STYLIST Job Description: 1. celebrities. Companies such as magazines. commercial. public relations firms. 34 . print advertisement. They coordinate colors and styles and ensure that all clothes are ready for the shoot. advertising agencies. newspapers. fashions. Fashion stylists are responsible for bringing to life a photographer or director's vision for a fashion photo shoot. music video. and even models to fit the theme of the shoot. catalog publishers. Many stylists also choose to run their own businesses. 3. 4. and music production companies often employ fashion stylists. layout. 5. Stylists may also be employed by agents. retailers. or wealthy clients as wardrobe consultants to help them prepare for major events or appearances. etc.

• In addition. Kylie Minogue. bills. Naomi Campbell Rachel Zoe: Celebrity clients include Nichole Richie. Lauren Hutton. ability to market oneself • savvy business skills to deal with invoicing. creativity and resourcefulness • broad knowledge of fashion history. etc. Mischa Barton. stylists who maintain a good professional reputation can expect plenty of repeat business and often take advantage of this by setting up their own independent businesses. Personal Characteristics and Skills – • eye for style. Career Path: Intern/Stylist's Apprentice > Assistant Fashion Stylist > Staff Fashion Stylist Famous Fashion Stylists: Jeff Ihenando: Stylist for supermodels Kate Moss. Kelly Price 35 . Libery Ross. budgets. good interpersonal and networking skills • persistence and self-motivation. clients usually hire stylists they have used in the past or those who have proven success in the business. • The most successful fashion stylists have extensive networks of contacts within the fashion industry to get the job done quickly and on budget. trends and forecasts • technical know-how for setting up sets.Outlook: • Aspiring fashion stylists should expect to work their way to the top. • Once established. Keira Knightly Wardrobe stylist for Madonna.

PR specialists select information that they want to share with the public and write up press releases or conduct press conferences to distribute the news through television. newspapers.FASHION PUBLIC RELATIONS SPECIALIST Also called: Fashion Publicist. Fashion Media Relations Specialist Job Description: 1. radio and direct mail. 2. 4. As such. Public Relations (PR) Specialists must find creative ways to keep the company's brand name in the public eye. Fashion Public Relations Specialists and Publicists help apparel companies and retail stores build and maintain a favorable public image. PR specialists must maintain strong professional relationships with media personnel. Because they do not pay for publicity or media coverage. 36 . They are also responsible for interacting with media when questions or crises arise from outside sources. 3.

• The market for PR specialists focused solely on fashion is growing quickly. PR specialists may also work at PR firms that handle work for a variety of clients. Career Path: Promotions Assistant > Public Relations Specialist > Public Relations Coordinator > Director of Public Relations 37 . good time management and multi-tasking skills • ability to maintain an even temperament under stress. PR specialists often move into more senior PR Coordinator positions.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Knowledge of journalistic basics including proper news release formats • excellent written and oral communication and presentation skills • good interpersonal skills. • In addition to working on staff for design houses and retailers. After 3-5 years of experience in the field.

New York. Editors occupy the mid to highest-level positions at publications 3. Some fashion editors choose to freelance. 38 . Editors may specialize in apparel. Accessories Editor. working on a per-contract basis and assuming all of the costs of the fashion shoot (e. editors are often required to travel to keep up with the latest fashion trends through meetings with designers and visits to fashion shows throughout the world (e.. they are responsible for deciding the creative influence and direction that their departments will pursue during a given season or issue. 5. Fashion editors supervise the process of creating.g. and so on. specialty boutiques. or television shows. Fashion Producer Job Description: 1. Due to the deadline-driven nature of their work. newspaper sections. both salaried and freelance editors should enjoy a fastpaced environment. 2. beauty and make-up. In addition. and vintage clothing stores 6. websites. photo shoots. 4. Under guidance of the editor-in-chief. Paris. and Milan). London.g. developing and presenting content for fashionspecific magazines. retail stores. clothing and accessories). accessories.FASHION EDITOR Also called: Apparel Editor..

• Once in the system. websites. broad knowledge of fashion industry trends and forecasts • excellent writing/journalistic talent with the ability to communicate effectively and clearly • great organization and planning skills. • Growth in any of these sectors means an increased demand for experienced writers and editors. aspiring editors must be creative. • Because competition for these jobs is fierce. fashion sections of news. etc. entertainment and lifestyle magazines. newspapers. Career Path: Associate Editor > Editor > Senior Editor > Editor-in-Chief Famous Fashion Editor-in-Chiefs: Anna Wintour: Vogue Magazine Cindi Leive: Glamour Magazine Robbie Myers: Elle Magazine 39 .Outlook: • Employment of editors and writers is expected to increase 10% to 20% between 2002 and 2012 • There are a variety of outlets in which prospective editors may seek employment including but not limited to: fashion magazines. television shows. opportunities for advancement become more readily available. excellent interpersonal and management skills • competitive spirit • ability to perform well under stress. hard working and willing to start at the bottom and take opportunities as they arise. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Passion for fashion.

• In addition. • For example. for whom photographs will not suffice. particularly with CAD software. Fashion illustrations are used in newspaper and magazine advertising layouts. 3. or department store. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent computer skills. high level of creativity and artistic expression. basic business know-how. Outlook: • Many of the jobs once performed exclusively by fashion illustrators are now also done by fashion photographers. manufacturer. department store ads. full-time jobs are often available with clothing catalog firms. television commercials.g. ability for self-promotion. computer aided design/CAD). Professional fashion artists may work on a freelance basis for an advertising agency. exceptional drawing skills. however. well-trained and skilled illustrators are sought by employers like pattern companies and fashion forecast firms. shoes. Career Path: Fashion Illustrator Freelance > Staff Fashion Illustrator 40 .. there are still opportunities for fashion illustration and fashion artist jobs. and other media either by hand or use special computer software programs (e. 2.FASHION IILUSTRATOR Also called: Fashion Artist Job Description: 1. and flyers. and accessories for fashion advertisements. or out of their own studio. films. Fashion illustrators conceptualize and create sketches and drawings of apparel. brochures. direct mail catalogs. catalogues.

including business cards and stationary. Personal Characteristics/Skills . brochures. ability to collaborate other professionals. Career Path: Paste-up Artist > Graphic Designer > Art Director > Creative Director 41 . book covers. Graphic designers may work for an advertising agency. ability to tolerate criticism. Outlook: • Good to Excellent. Graphic Designers design and prepare camera-ready copy for any type of printed material. • Faster than average growth is projected for graphic designers in the coming years thanks to the growth of the Internet and the increase in competition among apparel designers and manufacturers.Good sense of style. creativity and imagination. they work on a team with the Art Director and Creative Director in order to conceptualize and create specific designs to be approved by their client. • Success for graphic designers is usually based on creativity and design sense. good computer skills. as a freelance designer. In large agencies. graphic design firm. or may decide to open their own graphic design firm and hire other designers. • Those who fit the bill may progress to become art directors or creative directors. and turnover in top positions. advertising. attention to detail. or out of their own studio.GRAPHIC DESIGNER Also called: Graphic Artist Job Description: 1. color and design. business acumen. fashion magazine. packaging. 2. for various fashion businesses. and many other types of materials. variety and length of experience.

develop.FASHION PHOTOGRAPHER Also called: Photographer. 2. In addition to taking pictures. Web sites. 3. photographers may also be responsible for scouting locations and hiring models and personnel for the photo shoot 42 . and fashion houses to conceptualize. Fashion photographers either freelance or are employed by catalogs. magazines. Catalogue Photographer. and print still photos and/or videos to show off clothes and accessories in a creative manner that catches the eye of consumers. shoot. Professional fashion photographers must have a good eye for style and beauty and be skilled at working with models to achieve & capture the best possible poses and photos. Magazine Photographer Job Description: 1.

as Web sites look to continuously refresh their content. S • starting as an assistant or an apprentice is one way to get a foot in the door. • With experience comes more opportunity. and special characteristics of films and paper • good business and networking skills. lighting. Steven Meisel. composition. Patrick Demarchelier.Outlook: • Competition for jobs in magazine and commercial photography is stiff. darkroom procedures. including camera operations. Helmut Newton. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Artistic and creative expression • thorough knowledge of the technical and aesthetic aspects of photography. solid interpersonal skills to communicate with models and convey your ideas. Mario Sorrenti 43 . • However. Mario Testino. Career Path: Photographer's Assistant > Staff/Freelance Photographer > Photo Editor > Director of Photography Famous Fashion Photographers: Richard Avedon. and aspiring fashion photographers may outnumber the available assignments. Michael Thompson. increased use of the Internet may spur further growth in fashion photography. and those who can develop a solid portfolio (body of work) may attain full-time staff positions or set up their own studios and work with more exclusive or well-known fashion clients. ability to promote oneself • knowledge of trends in both photography and fashion industry.

Other Fashion Careers 44 .

positions with high-end department stores and private clients • and modeling work . film and theater productions • personal stylist .for everything from newspapers ads to strutting the catwalk in Milan or Paris 45 .for TV.Other fashion career opportunities include --- • costume design .

costume designers must get a feel for the mood. time period and setting in which the action occurs. 3. television. and develop costume budgets for the entire production.COSTUME DESIGNER Also called: Theatrical Designer Job Description: 1. Costume Designers research and design for authentic period. 2. 46 . country or social class costumes. They work primarily for motion pictures. With any given project. create sketches of costumes. They do research. concerts and stage companies. A good costume designer plays a big part in character or time period to vivid life on stage or screen. 4.

• With the right skills. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Creativity. University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer. this hard work should enable the designer to land a higher-paying job in the television and film industries. • As demand for movies and theater grow and the productions themselves become increasingly rich in design and costume. perseverance. • Aspiring costume designers usually start as assistants . Career Path: Design Assistant.Outlook: • Employment opportunities for costume designers depends largely upon the Entertainment Industry. knowledge of fashion history and art history • as well as general world history • good research skills • technical skill in designing and dressmaking • ability to work and collaborate with other professionals • ability to handle stress from deadlines. Television and Film 47 . Broadway/OffBroadway Productions > Costume Designer. demand for costume designers should follow.often as unpaid volunteers in college productions. University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer. experience. and a little luck.

personal shoppers and merchandise buyers can gain credentials to work as independent consultants. Outlook: • Aspiring stylists should first get some experience in fashion retail positions. Personal Shopper Job Description: 1. lifestyle. • With enough experience. good listener. Personal stylists may often shop for their clients and pick out items that suit their image. good networking skills. 2. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Related Fashion Position > Personal Stylist 48 . knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts. business savvy. Consultants make an evaluation of their clients' physical attributes. Personal stylists work with individuals or companies to educate clients about general fashion apparel and accessories. ability to promote oneself. • Some lucky stylists work exclusively with high-profile celebrities in the sports and entertainment industries where a client's everyday look or image is often more important than how they look while they work. • Personal stylists may give classes for small groups or run seminars for a client company. and fashion style in order to make recommendations on which fashion choices will help the client achieve and maintain their desired image. great presentation and oral communication skills. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent fashion sense.PERSONAL STYLIST Also called: Wardrobe Consultant. 3. friendly and tactful. enjoy shopping.

Heidi Klum. 2. They may model in showrooms. Personal Characteristics/Skills photogenic and physically attractive with height. Cindy Crawford. good people skills. Outlook: • Demand for both male models and models who are representative of diverse racial and ethnic groups should rise higher than average for all models. Career Path: Print Model > Runway Model > Supermodel 49 . Print Model Job Description: 1. Others work mainly pose for still photographs used in print ads. those who succeed often segue into careers in fashion and entertainment.FASHION MODEL Also called: Fashion Model. which is more theatrical. Naomi Campbell. Models try to convey an idea by their appearance. persuading people to buy the products they advertise. make-up. many people aspire to become models and the competition is healthy. Christie Brinkley. self-discipline. brochures and catalogs. retail stores. Runway Model. custom salons or specialty stores. • Like most glamorous and high status careers. and Laetitia Casta. weight and body measurements falling within certain industry standards. formal fashion show procedures and the use of cosmetics. excellent fashion style. and costume accessories in a variety of poses and settings. Models work with clothing. Adriana Lima. a positive attitude. Karolina Kurkova. Tyra Banks. familiarity with different modeling techniques. 3. Others work in fashion show modeling. • Yet. Famous Supermodels: Kate Moss.

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