Fashion Careers


• Fashion Design Production Fashion Designer • Fashion Accessory Designer Marketing/Merchandising Fashion Merchandiser Fashion Buyer Fashion Sales Rep Fashion Coordinator Showroom Sales Rep Retail Merchandiser Product Manager Clothing Patternmaker Visual Merchandiser Retail Store Manager Pattern Grader Boutique Owner


• Fashion Media & Promotions Fashion Writer Fashion Stylist Fashion PR Specialist Fashion Editor Fashion Illustrator Graphic Designer Fashion Photographer

• Other Fashion Careers Costume Designer Personal Stylist Model


Fashion Design Production
• Fashion and accessory designers use their knowledge of design principles, techniques, and tools to create sketches and models of original garments, shoes, handbags and other fashion accessories. • They often specialize in a particular facet of clothing design, such as men's, women's, children's wear, or lingerie. • While some fashion designers control the entire design and marketing process, others use the services of patternmakers to create original textiles and trimmings, production managers to oversee the actual creation of the fashion line, and fashion merchandisers to introduce and establish the designs in the fashion marketplace.

4. specialty and retail stores. produce. or individual jobs. or denims. textile and apparel manufacturers. Potential employers include retailers. 2. 3. haute couturiers. In larger fashion houses. maternity. marketing. individual designers may work in very specialized areas. and individual clients. men. Fashion designers usually specialize in a specific line of clothing such as women. They analyze fashion trends and work closely with production. 7. kids. and fashion studios. 5 . maternity clothes. shows. Apparel Designer Job Description: 1. More experienced designers may be required to travel to promote their fashion lines. an example being tailors who produce custom designs for weddings and other special events. 6.FASHION DESIGNER Alternate Titles: Clothes Designer. and promote a finished. sportswear etc. 5. evening dresses. such as tshirts. baby outfits. Fashion design is a demanding and unpredictable job with long hours. Fashion designers conceptualize and create new clothing. and sales departments to design. especially when deadlines approach for launches. bridal. ready-to-wear product for apparel manufacturers.

Career Path: Design Assistant > Assistant Designer > Associate Designer > Fashion Director • • • • • • • 6 . and the population is growing. Personal Characteristics and Skillsability to discriminate between colors and judge fabric quality & a good eye for style. Expect long hours in the beginning and be prepared for seasonal slowdowns.Outlook: • • Demand for fashion designers will remain strong as consumers constantly seek new styles and fashion. and color above-average ability for sewing assisted design) knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts knowledge of manufacturing and production process ability to deal with ambiguity and rejection and to handle stress due to deadlines good business and marketing skills. drawing and sketching skills computer skills (especially with the use of CAD . shape. which creates more overall demand for clothing and accessories.

Accessory designers conceptualize and create designs for jewelry. Handbag Designer. shoes. Job Description: 1. and so on. gloves. women. etc. to go with clothing.ACCESSORY DESIGNER Also called: Jewelry Designer. 7 . ties. moms. Shoe Designer. as well as the customers for whom they design these accessories. 2. be it men. brides. 3. hats. Accessory designers usually specialize in a specific line of accessories. but also within apparel and fabric markets. handbags. in order to react to create pieces that complement the new hot styles in the market. Accessory designers must always stay in touch not only with trends in their own specialties. kids. etc. belts.

handle stress due to deadlines Career Path: Design Assistant/ Freelance Accessory Designer > Associate Staff Accessory Designer > Accessory Designs Director 8 . ability to work independently. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • above average ability for creative expression • technical skill in working with materials required for the chosen specialty (such as metal and semi-precious stones for jewelry designers. drawing and sketching skills • knowledge of and ability to react to current fashion trends • knowledge of manufacturing and production process • ability to keep production within a tight budget. Few staff positions are available. so most accessory designers work independently.Outlook: • • Accessory design is a highly competitive field that requires a lot of selfmotivation. etc) • persistence and determination.

5. 2. and have large personnel management responsibilities. 3. A fashion merchandiser needs to be one of the first in the industry to spot the trend. Merchandisers are some of the most powerful employees within an apparel company. Apparel Merchandiser Job Description: 1. Fashion merchandising professionals on the retail side are responsible for determining store inventory and to price clothes (MPR) 4. and previous sales numbers to determine the product direction that the manufacturers will take each season. They may also be responsible for tracking profits and losses. 9 .FASHION MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandiser. Fashion merchandisers on the apparel production side track and analyze market trends. production costs.

detail oriented. calm under pressure. Career Path: Fashion Buyer > Merchandising Assistant > Merchandiser > Merchandising Director 10 . Personal Characteristics and Skills – • extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends • highly analytical with strong math skills • ability to predict and create fashion trends • ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions. well-organized. As a result.Outlook: • Every apparel maker needs at least one fashion merchandiser. • ability to work with other executives. decisive. there are a number of merchandiser positions open • Those who have the business acumen and good fashion judgment to achieve and maintain profitability in their sector could advance high up the executive ladder.

This is a position that requires a good deal of travel. and must be able to answer any questions regarding the products. They listen to their customers concerns about the product. Apparel Sales Representative Job Description: 1. and catalogs of their manufacturer's product line. 5. sometimes internationally. 4. Sales representatives usually solicit orders from new and prospective customers within a designated geographical area. assist in solving problems the customer may have with the product. and even help the customer sell more of the product by arranging special events like trunk shows and in-store fashion shows featuring their products. 2. 11 . Fashion Sales Representatives sell a manufacturer's garments and accessories to Fashion Buyers from wholesale and retail stores. illustrations. 3.FASHION SALES REPRESENTATIVE Also called: Manufacturer's Representative. They show samples.

both written and oral • establish good relationships with customers • self-motivated with good follow-through skills • ability to deal with rejection and remain upbeat • knowledge of fashion industry trends and manufacturer's competitors. Career Path: Showroom Sales Representative/Assistant > Sales Representative > Sales Manager > Regional Sales Manager > National Sales Manager > VP Sales 12 . Personal Characteristics/Skills – • highly competitive • belief in the product and ability to maintain enthusiasm for it • excellent communication skills .Outlook: • Good to Excellent. with additional positions available overseas. • Often the key to getting a job is the willingness and flexibility to travel to remote locations. • Higher than average growth within the US is projected in this sector.

excellent communication and presentation skills. they are responsible for accurately taking the Fashion Buyers order. outgoing. where they meet with visiting Fashion Buyers and show the latest product line. They must then make sure that the right quantity of the right product reaches their customers' stores at the right time and in saleable condition. knowledge of manufacturing and retail sectors of the fashion industry. good listener. Showroom Representative Job Description: 1. Outlook: • Good to Excellent. • Although a showroom sales rep is a fairly competitive position. advancement is a good possibility. friendly.SHOWROOM SALES REPRESENTATIVES Also called: Showroom Salesperson. Showroom sales reps should expect to work additional long hours during the four to six market weeks or fashion weeks each year. Personal Characteristics/Skills . • With enough experience and some additional education or training. Once they convince the Fashion Buyer to purchase the manufacturer's products. They work at manufacturers and/or designers offices. college graduates with good communication skills and the right personality have a good chance of being hired. 2. good organizational and computer skills. 3. Career Path: Showroom Sales Assistant > Showroom Sales Representative > Showroom Sales Manager 13 .enthusiastic. 4.

they can be promoted into an executive leadership position. calm under pressure. Product Managers are responsible for overseeing the conceptualization. • As product managers gain extensive experience and knowledge of the manufacturer's operations. selling and distribution of a manufacturer or designer's products.PRODUCT MANAGER Also called: Product Development Manager Job Description: 1. extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends. Personal Characteristics/Skills . or product line. design. ability to work with other executives. They are also responsible for overseeing the set-up and implementation of quality assurance protocols for their product.highly analytical with strong math skills. 2. 4. • Most aspiring product managers must work up to this senior level. Outlook: • Employment is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012. decisive. usually starting at an analyst or assistant position. construction. Career Path: Market Analyst > Merchandiser > Product Manager > Director of Product Management 14 . well-organized. This is a fairly senior position within a manufacturer's organization. ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions. 3. Product Managers usually handle a specific product. detail oriented.

15 . manufacturers or as freelancers. Clothing patternmakers make full-size paper or fiberboard patterns for clothing. Fabric Patternmaker Job Description: 1. designs. good communication skills. and sketches. Patternmakers use their expertise in body proportions and knowledge of fabric to translate the designer's apparel sketches into its various pattern pieces. Apparel Patternmaker. Personal Characteristics/Skills . • There should be opportunities either working for designers.CLOTHING PATTERN MAKER Also called: Pattern Maker. Because of their understanding of the technical aspect of a design. 2. Career Path: Fabric Cutter/Grader > Patternmaker > Assistant Designer > Designer. detail oriented. yet the number of people entering the trade has declined. pattern makers are vital to the success of a design.great technical skills with an ability to use drafting tools (calipers. squares. straight and curved rules). 3. • As styles become more complicated. Outlook: • Pattern makers are very important to designers and fashion houses. expertise with body proportions. patternmakers often act as liaisons between the design and manufacturing assisted drawing). Alternatively Patternmakers may be promoted into Manufacturing/Production Management positions. understanding of apparel manufacturing process. ability to visualize the finished garment from a designers drawings. good computer skills (specifically with CAD programs .

but may also work for firms that specialize in pattern grading (such as an outsourcing provider). or computer programs in their work.Understanding of apparel construction and manufacturing and patternmaking. • With the right attitude. etc) and fits (tall. anyone starting as a pattern grader should have opportunities to progress on the road to becoming production managers. petite). especially through turnover or attrition. pattern grading is considered more of a technically oriented career than patternmaking or designing. L. Outlook: • Opportunities for pattern graders are available. analytical and problem-solving skills. machinery. ability to manage deadlines and multiple projects.PATTERN GRADER Also called: Grader Job Description: 1. 2. Pattern graders may use charts. M. In general. Career Path: Pattern Grading Assistant > Pattern Grader > Patternmaker > Production Manager 16 . Pattern graders are responsible for reducing or enlarging a pattern created by a patternmaker order to produce clothes across a range of sizes (S. Personal Characteristics/Skills . ability to do precise manual work. • Pattern graders may work directly for design houses or manufacturers. technical expertise and experience. good drafting and math skills.

Fashion Marketing/Merchandising 17 .

18 . The fashion merchandising field includes jobs in both retail and wholesale sales. they promote fashion with advertising and visual marketing campaigns. Drawing on their knowledge of consumer psychology and trends.Fashion Marketing/Merchandising • They are responsible for identifying and creating fashion trends to sell the products created by fashion designers.

Fashion buyers use their sense of style. 2.FASHION BUYER Also called: Apparel Buyer. Buyers often make their purchases of apparel and accessories from manufacturers. 4. men's suits or women's denim) 19 .g. or wholesalers for the retailers or departmental stores 1 or 2 seasons in advance. 3. designers. Buyer Job Description: 1. Buyers for larger department stores usually specialize in a specific line of clothes or accessories (e. knowledge of fashion trends.. present. Buyers must also be good at budgeting and planning inventory so that a good selection of clothing is always available for customers. and understanding of their target customers' desires to create an attractive selection of apparel for retail stores. so it is important for fashion buyers to be able to understand past. and future fashion trends.

Career Path: Assistant Fashion Buyer > Fashion Buyer > Divisional Merchandise Manager 20 . but new positions become available as a result of internal promotions of experienced buyers.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. • Advancement opportunities are good: Those who start at the assistant buyer level have a good chance of becoming full-fledged buyers within 3 to 5 years. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Fashion buyers must be fashion-lovers with knowledge of fashion history and trends • good analytical skills • good negotiation abilities • flexible work attitude • excellent budgeting and planning skills • inventory management skills • ability to deal well with deadlines and stress. • The overall number of fashion buyer positions available is expected to decrease.

Additional responsibilities of a fashion coordinator may include organizing fashion parades. supervising fashion photography shoots for promotions. and textiles are according to plan. and they also share their analysis with buyers to guide them in making inventory purchases. suppliers. Fashion coordinators then share their analyses with retail salespeople and/or editors to guide them in making customer recommendations. 21 . 2. 5. designs. design house. Fashion Coordinators are responsible for creating a unified look and feel across all fashion divisions of a department store. 6. Long hours and frequent travel are part of the job. 4. or fashion magazine. and serving as a middleman with fabric mills. and wholesalers to ensure that things are on schedule and colors.CO-ORDINATOR Also called: Fashion Director Job Description: 1. Fashion directors need to assess the potential success of a garment or clothing line and determine the best plan for promotion and marketing. 3. They are constantly monitoring industry publications and talking to designers in order to understand industry trends and keep up with the latest in fabric and textile development.

great networking skills • great organizational skills • excellent communication.. and department stores. in-depth understanding of consumer behavior • an interest in artistic and creative pursuits. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • excellent understanding of fashion (e. and presentation skills. fabrics. these are available in areas like fashion magazines. cuts. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Assistant Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Director 22 . • However. styles. judgment. colors. design houses. negotiation.) • knowledge and understanding of fashion trends • a flair for style. • There are only a limited number of Fashion Coordinator positions available since it is a high-level position.Outlook: • Fair to Great.g. etc.

division or chain. in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion marketplace. Like Fashion Buyers. 4. designers and merchandise markets. strong time management skills. and make fashion forecasts basted on the information they collect. purchase. Long hours and plenty of travel are often part of the job. pricing. highly organized. visit manufacturers. promote and sell clothing and accessories for a retail store. product development and sales. Career Path: Buyers > Associate Merchandising Manager > Merchandise Manager > General Merchandising Manager 23 . consumers. great leadership and management skills. 6. They work with a team of buyers and managers to decide the most effective way to sell their products including advertising and display of merchandise & on how and where best to position and place merchandise. designers. forecasting. Fashion Merchandiser Job Description: 1. They may also be responsible for organizing and coordinating promotional activities like fashion shows. Retail Merchandisers select. 3. department. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Exceptional analytical skills. Merchandisers may also specialize in a specific line of clothing. expertise in planning. 5. They study fashion trends. 2.RETAIL MERCHANDISER Also called: Merchandise Manager. manufacturers and products. competitors. Outlook: Good to Excellent.

6. In larger department stores or retail chains. Visual Display Artists take into account current fashions and trends. promoted. Their mail goals are: (1) create and maintain an image for a department or store that resonates with their target customers. 4. and (3) guide their customers' browsing through merchandise placement and store layout to result in an eventual sale. Visual Merchandisers coordinate with the head office and other design teams (including buyers and sales staff) to ensure consistency with the corporate brand or image. fashion showrooms. Visual Merchandisers must combine their creativity and artistic flair with technical know-how to set up displays that maximize the space of the store while effectively catching the eye and appealing to the senses of their target customers. tradeshow displays. Visual Merchandisers may provide input or oversee the design and layout of a store or department.g. or sold. (2) increase customer traffic in the store. and seasonal factors. 3.VISUAL MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandise Display Artist. and implementing window and instore displays for both online and brick and mortar retail stores. Christmas and Valentine's Day).. such as holidays (e. 2. In addition to drawing on their knowledge of customer tendencies when designing their displays. Visual Display Designer Job Description: 1. Visual Merchandisers are responsible for conceptualizing. 5. designing. promotions. and any other areas where the store's apparel and accessories are displayed. 24 .

• Experienced Visual Merchandisers who have a proven track record of creating great displays may have the option of joining or starting their own firms specializing in visual merchandising for retailers. • In the coming years. etc) is helpful. Technical and design expertise (e. • Now that retailers have realized the positive impact that displays can have on their in. Personal Characteristics and Skills: 1. 2. or they may be promoted to managerial positions of greater responsibilities. props. Creativity is key with an above-average ability for artistic expression. Career Path: Visual Merchandising Assistant > Visual Merchandiser > Visual Merchandising Coordinator > Visual Merchandising Director 25 . building stet. as well as knowledge of fashion and art/design industry trends and customer traffic and therefore their bottom lines. It is also important to have the ability to work well with others. skilled Visual Merchandisers have become more sought after.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. Visual Merchandiser jobs are projected to grow at a pace higher than the national average. setting up proper lighting.

store managers do or at least are involved in some manner in everything from approving visual displays and print or television advertisements.RETAIL STORE MANAGER Also called: Store Manager. firing and promoting employees. and interpersonal skills to keep their stores profitable. evenings and holidays are often part of the job. to hiring. 26 . and as such must have the right combination of fashion industry knowledge. ordering a store's merchandise inventory. 3. weekends. 4. setting up pricing policies. 2. Depending on the size of a store. business acumen. They are ultimately responsible for the store's bottom line. training. Department Store Manager Job Description: 1. Retail store managers are very high-level employees who are responsible for overseeing all aspects of a store's operations. Working long hours.

Personal Characteristics/Skills – • interpersonal and management skills • highly organized • detail oriented yet constantly thinking of the big picture • good business skills particularly in marketing. sales and management. Job stability for Retail Store Managers is now more than ever determined by the store's ongoing profitability. accounting. Candidates with retail experience will have the the best opportunity for jobs as store managers. The growth of national chains has created more jobs at companies (instead of small retail stores) and thus created a career development path for many aspiring managers.Outlook: Employment for retail store managers / supervisors is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Associate Manager > Store Manager > Department Store Manager 27 .

setting up the in-store displays and managing employees. accessories. sunglasses. 4. and more. novelty items. beachwear.BOUTIQUE OWNER Also called: Specialty Store Owner. Boutique owners must be jacks of all trades as they typically oversee all aspects of a boutiques operations from planning and purchasing their inventory. One could start a fashion boutique in one of the following areas: sportswear. shoes. T-shirts. Successful boutique owners are very entrepreneurial-minded and driven people who use a combination of savvy business skills and in-depth knowledge of the fashion retail industry to make a profit. 2. Their stores often target a specific customer profile and often carry a specific mix of clothing and/or apparel designers that appeal to this demographic. 28 . handbags. 3. vintage. watches. Owner Job Description: 1. dresses. tuxedos. lingerie.

Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Retail Manager > Boutique Owner 29 . Accounting. • Often. successful owners are those who can attract investors with a solid business plan and operational structure. excellent time management and communication skills. owners can go on to open additional stores. • Setting up a boutique usually requires obtaining a bank loan or drawing from personal savings to cover initial investments. including trends and forecasts • flexible. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • entrepreneurial and risk-taking personality • solid business background in fields such as Marketing. sell franchises for subsequent locations. or if they have created a strong enough brand. Sales and Management • in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion retail marketplace. and the value of being one's own boss cannot be underestimated. multi-tasking capabilities. • Once the store is profitable.Outlook: • Being a small business owner is a dream for many people.

Fashion Media & Promotions 30 .

web sites. magazines. • Fashion photographs.Fashion Media & Promotions • The fashion industry offers a number of opportunities for creative professionals who aren't attracted to the design side. 31 . • Fashion writers and editors are employed by newspapers. illustrators. and stylists are often employed by catalogs and magazines. and other media outlets to keep consumers up-to-date on style trends.

Fashion Critic. 4. and of course for television. but for those who specialize in areas like designer collection reviews. Talented fashion editors tend to partner with photographers. Fashion Reporter Job Description: 1.. Fashion writers produce editorial copy for media outlets such as fashion magazines. Like all journalists.FASHION WRITER Also called: Fashion Journalist. newspapers. fashion / design websites or blogs. interesting and engaging to readers. After developing these stories behind the scenes. The majority of the industry's fashion writers work within editorial departments of fashion design firms. Most draw upon their personal interest and incorporate their own personality into stories to make their pieces fun. 5. submitting articles on a freelance basis is often the preferred career direction. they are pitched to chief editors or other fashion media buyers like Vogue or Cosmo. 2. 3. celebrities and others who make up fashion's inner circle. editors.g. formal portraits of designers.. fashion reporters must do thorough research and/or conduct interviews when preparing articles. 32 . who together dig up their own stories e. models.

and superior research and fact-checking skills are essential. spelling and grammar). Skills – • Excellent English communication and writing skills (e. Freelance fashion writers must have persistence and perseverance and be good at marketing their work Career Path: Editorial Assistant > Staff Fashion Writer > Fashion Editor 33 . textiles. attention to detail. • The fashion writing industry can be extremely competitive. • A love of fashion and knowledge about the industry..Outlook: • National employment demand for all fashion journalists and writers is expected to grow through 2014. Personal Characteristics . fabrics and business are also important. designers.g.Good interpersonal communication skills are needed for interviews and dealing with editors. • Two thirds of the nations working fashion editors will reside in either New York or California (US Dept of Labor). historical trends.

layout. which can include basic tasks such as steaming and ironing garments. print advertisement. etc. retailers. catalog publishers. or wealthy clients as wardrobe consultants to help them prepare for major events or appearances. fashions. television and film production houses. advertising agencies. and music production companies often employ fashion stylists. newspapers. Fashion stylists are responsible for bringing to life a photographer or director's vision for a fashion photo shoot. 2. music video. 34 . accessories. Stylists may also be employed by agents. create the mood for the shoot by selecting and setting up the appropriate props. commercial. 5. They coordinate colors and styles and ensure that all clothes are ready for the shoot. 4. Many stylists also choose to run their own businesses. Fashion stylists often scout locations. public relations firms. 3.FASHION STYLIST Job Description: 1. celebrities. and even models to fit the theme of the shoot. Companies such as magazines.

Lauren Hutton. • The most successful fashion stylists have extensive networks of contacts within the fashion industry to get the job done quickly and on budget. clients usually hire stylists they have used in the past or those who have proven success in the business. • In addition. Mischa Barton. etc.Outlook: • Aspiring fashion stylists should expect to work their way to the top. Kelly Price 35 . • Once established. budgets. Personal Characteristics and Skills – • eye for style. trends and forecasts • technical know-how for setting up sets. ability to market oneself • savvy business skills to deal with invoicing. Naomi Campbell Rachel Zoe: Celebrity clients include Nichole Richie. bills. Keira Knightly Wardrobe stylist for Madonna. Career Path: Intern/Stylist's Apprentice > Assistant Fashion Stylist > Staff Fashion Stylist Famous Fashion Stylists: Jeff Ihenando: Stylist for supermodels Kate Moss. Libery Ross. creativity and resourcefulness • broad knowledge of fashion history. stylists who maintain a good professional reputation can expect plenty of repeat business and often take advantage of this by setting up their own independent businesses. good interpersonal and networking skills • persistence and self-motivation. Kylie Minogue.

Because they do not pay for publicity or media coverage. newspapers.FASHION PUBLIC RELATIONS SPECIALIST Also called: Fashion Publicist. Fashion Media Relations Specialist Job Description: 1. PR specialists select information that they want to share with the public and write up press releases or conduct press conferences to distribute the news through television. Public Relations (PR) Specialists must find creative ways to keep the company's brand name in the public eye. 3. radio and direct mail. 2. As such. Fashion Public Relations Specialists and Publicists help apparel companies and retail stores build and maintain a favorable public image. PR specialists must maintain strong professional relationships with media personnel. They are also responsible for interacting with media when questions or crises arise from outside sources. 36 . 4.

PR specialists often move into more senior PR Coordinator positions. After 3-5 years of experience in the field. PR specialists may also work at PR firms that handle work for a variety of clients. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Knowledge of journalistic basics including proper news release formats • excellent written and oral communication and presentation skills • good interpersonal skills. • In addition to working on staff for design houses and retailers. Career Path: Promotions Assistant > Public Relations Specialist > Public Relations Coordinator > Director of Public Relations 37 . • The market for PR specialists focused solely on fashion is growing quickly. good time management and multi-tasking skills • ability to maintain an even temperament under stress.Outlook: • Good to Excellent.

New York. and vintage clothing stores 6. websites. London. accessories. Some fashion editors choose to freelance.g. newspaper sections.FASHION EDITOR Also called: Apparel Editor. photo shoots. retail stores. In addition. Accessories Editor. Fashion editors supervise the process of creating. 38 . Fashion Producer Job Description: 1. Editors may specialize in apparel. and Milan). clothing and accessories). beauty and make-up.. both salaried and freelance editors should enjoy a fastpaced environment. Under guidance of the editor-in-chief. or television shows.g. 5. Due to the deadline-driven nature of their work. editors are often required to travel to keep up with the latest fashion trends through meetings with designers and visits to fashion shows throughout the world (e. developing and presenting content for fashionspecific magazines. working on a per-contract basis and assuming all of the costs of the fashion shoot (e. they are responsible for deciding the creative influence and direction that their departments will pursue during a given season or issue. specialty boutiques. 4. 2. and so on. Editors occupy the mid to highest-level positions at publications 3.. Paris.

hard working and willing to start at the bottom and take opportunities as they arise. • Because competition for these jobs is fierce. aspiring editors must be creative.Outlook: • Employment of editors and writers is expected to increase 10% to 20% between 2002 and 2012 • There are a variety of outlets in which prospective editors may seek employment including but not limited to: fashion magazines. • Growth in any of these sectors means an increased demand for experienced writers and editors. websites. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Passion for fashion. entertainment and lifestyle magazines. fashion sections of news. • Once in the system. television shows. Career Path: Associate Editor > Editor > Senior Editor > Editor-in-Chief Famous Fashion Editor-in-Chiefs: Anna Wintour: Vogue Magazine Cindi Leive: Glamour Magazine Robbie Myers: Elle Magazine 39 . broad knowledge of fashion industry trends and forecasts • excellent writing/journalistic talent with the ability to communicate effectively and clearly • great organization and planning skills. excellent interpersonal and management skills • competitive spirit • ability to perform well under stress. opportunities for advancement become more readily available. newspapers. etc.

catalogues. particularly with CAD software. television commercials. high level of creativity and artistic expression. 3. Professional fashion artists may work on a freelance basis for an advertising agency. exceptional drawing skills. ability for self-promotion. full-time jobs are often available with clothing catalog firms. computer aided design/CAD). or out of their own studio.. direct mail catalogs. or department store.g. Fashion illustrators conceptualize and create sketches and drawings of apparel. • For example. and other media either by hand or use special computer software programs (e. Outlook: • Many of the jobs once performed exclusively by fashion illustrators are now also done by fashion photographers. however. Career Path: Fashion Illustrator Freelance > Staff Fashion Illustrator 40 . Fashion illustrations are used in newspaper and magazine advertising layouts. manufacturer. brochures. there are still opportunities for fashion illustration and fashion artist jobs. and accessories for fashion advertisements. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent computer skills. well-trained and skilled illustrators are sought by employers like pattern companies and fashion forecast firms. basic business know-how. films. and flyers. shoes. • In addition. department store ads. 2. for whom photographs will not suffice.FASHION IILUSTRATOR Also called: Fashion Artist Job Description: 1.

for various fashion businesses. attention to detail. • Faster than average growth is projected for graphic designers in the coming years thanks to the growth of the Internet and the increase in competition among apparel designers and manufacturers. Personal Characteristics/Skills . or out of their own studio. • Those who fit the bill may progress to become art directors or creative directors. as a freelance designer. Career Path: Paste-up Artist > Graphic Designer > Art Director > Creative Director 41 . or may decide to open their own graphic design firm and hire other designers. advertising. color and design. variety and length of experience. 2.GRAPHIC DESIGNER Also called: Graphic Artist Job Description: 1. including business cards and stationary. packaging. fashion magazine. business acumen. • Success for graphic designers is usually based on creativity and design sense. Graphic designers may work for an advertising agency.Good sense of style. In large agencies. they work on a team with the Art Director and Creative Director in order to conceptualize and create specific designs to be approved by their client. ability to tolerate criticism. and turnover in top positions. graphic design firm. Graphic Designers design and prepare camera-ready copy for any type of printed material. good computer skills. brochures. and many other types of materials. ability to collaborate other professionals. book covers. Outlook: • Good to Excellent. creativity and imagination.

shoot. and print still photos and/or videos to show off clothes and accessories in a creative manner that catches the eye of consumers. 3. Catalogue Photographer. In addition to taking pictures. photographers may also be responsible for scouting locations and hiring models and personnel for the photo shoot 42 . Fashion photographers either freelance or are employed by catalogs. Professional fashion photographers must have a good eye for style and beauty and be skilled at working with models to achieve & capture the best possible poses and photos.FASHION PHOTOGRAPHER Also called: Photographer. magazines. Web sites. and fashion houses to conceptualize. develop. Magazine Photographer Job Description: 1. 2.

S • starting as an assistant or an apprentice is one way to get a foot in the door. Mario Sorrenti 43 . Helmut Newton. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Artistic and creative expression • thorough knowledge of the technical and aesthetic aspects of photography. Steven Meisel. ability to promote oneself • knowledge of trends in both photography and fashion industry. darkroom procedures. Mario Testino. composition. Michael Thompson. Patrick Demarchelier. as Web sites look to continuously refresh their content. increased use of the Internet may spur further growth in fashion photography. • With experience comes more opportunity. • However. and those who can develop a solid portfolio (body of work) may attain full-time staff positions or set up their own studios and work with more exclusive or well-known fashion clients. Career Path: Photographer's Assistant > Staff/Freelance Photographer > Photo Editor > Director of Photography Famous Fashion Photographers: Richard Avedon. including camera operations. solid interpersonal skills to communicate with models and convey your ideas. lighting.Outlook: • Competition for jobs in magazine and commercial photography is stiff. and special characteristics of films and paper • good business and networking skills. and aspiring fashion photographers may outnumber the available assignments.

Other Fashion Careers 44 .

film and theater productions • personal stylist .positions with high-end department stores and private clients • and modeling work .for everything from newspapers ads to strutting the catwalk in Milan or Paris 45 .for TV.Other fashion career opportunities include --- • costume design .

With any given project. time period and setting in which the action occurs. and develop costume budgets for the entire production. 46 . country or social class costumes. They do research. 4. television. 2. They work primarily for motion pictures. Costume Designers research and design for authentic period. 3. create sketches of costumes.COSTUME DESIGNER Also called: Theatrical Designer Job Description: 1. A good costume designer plays a big part in character or time period to vivid life on stage or screen. costume designers must get a feel for the mood. concerts and stage companies.

• Aspiring costume designers usually start as assistants . experience. Broadway/OffBroadway Productions > Costume Designer. and a little luck. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Creativity. Career Path: Design Assistant. perseverance. • As demand for movies and theater grow and the productions themselves become increasingly rich in design and costume. this hard work should enable the designer to land a higher-paying job in the television and film industries. knowledge of fashion history and art history • as well as general world history • good research skills • technical skill in designing and dressmaking • ability to work and collaborate with other professionals • ability to handle stress from deadlines. demand for costume designers should follow.Outlook: • Employment opportunities for costume designers depends largely upon the Entertainment Industry. University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer. • With the right skills.often as unpaid volunteers in college productions. University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer. Television and Film 47 .

PERSONAL STYLIST Also called: Wardrobe Consultant. • Personal stylists may give classes for small groups or run seminars for a client company. business savvy. 3. Personal Shopper Job Description: 1. 2. good listener. ability to promote oneself. Consultants make an evaluation of their clients' physical attributes. Personal stylists work with individuals or companies to educate clients about general fashion apparel and accessories. • Some lucky stylists work exclusively with high-profile celebrities in the sports and entertainment industries where a client's everyday look or image is often more important than how they look while they work. friendly and tactful. and fashion style in order to make recommendations on which fashion choices will help the client achieve and maintain their desired image. personal shoppers and merchandise buyers can gain credentials to work as independent consultants. lifestyle. knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts. enjoy shopping. Personal stylists may often shop for their clients and pick out items that suit their image. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Related Fashion Position > Personal Stylist 48 . great presentation and oral communication skills. Outlook: • Aspiring stylists should first get some experience in fashion retail positions. • With enough experience. good networking skills. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent fashion sense.

Career Path: Print Model > Runway Model > Supermodel 49 . Others work in fashion show modeling. custom salons or specialty stores. Cindy Crawford. 3. excellent fashion style. Personal Characteristics/Skills photogenic and physically attractive with height. Famous Supermodels: Kate Moss. brochures and catalogs.FASHION MODEL Also called: Fashion Model. those who succeed often segue into careers in fashion and entertainment. and costume accessories in a variety of poses and settings. formal fashion show procedures and the use of cosmetics. Models try to convey an idea by their appearance. Print Model Job Description: 1. which is more theatrical. They may model in showrooms. 2. Adriana Lima. good people skills. Christie Brinkley. persuading people to buy the products they advertise. self-discipline. a positive attitude. make-up. retail stores. weight and body measurements falling within certain industry standards. many people aspire to become models and the competition is healthy. Karolina Kurkova. Models work with clothing. • Yet. Others work mainly pose for still photographs used in print ads. familiarity with different modeling techniques. Heidi Klum. Naomi Campbell. Tyra Banks. Outlook: • Demand for both male models and models who are representative of diverse racial and ethnic groups should rise higher than average for all models. Runway Model. • Like most glamorous and high status careers. and Laetitia Casta.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful

Master Your Semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master Your Semester with a Special Offer from Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.