Fashion Careers

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• Fashion Design Production Fashion Designer • Fashion Accessory Designer Marketing/Merchandising Fashion Merchandiser Fashion Buyer Fashion Sales Rep Fashion Coordinator Showroom Sales Rep Retail Merchandiser Product Manager Clothing Patternmaker Visual Merchandiser Retail Store Manager Pattern Grader Boutique Owner

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• Fashion Media & Promotions Fashion Writer Fashion Stylist Fashion PR Specialist Fashion Editor Fashion Illustrator Graphic Designer Fashion Photographer

• Other Fashion Careers Costume Designer Personal Stylist Model

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Fashion Design Production
• Fashion and accessory designers use their knowledge of design principles, techniques, and tools to create sketches and models of original garments, shoes, handbags and other fashion accessories. • They often specialize in a particular facet of clothing design, such as men's, women's, children's wear, or lingerie. • While some fashion designers control the entire design and marketing process, others use the services of patternmakers to create original textiles and trimmings, production managers to oversee the actual creation of the fashion line, and fashion merchandisers to introduce and establish the designs in the fashion marketplace.
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They analyze fashion trends and work closely with production. sportswear etc. and promote a finished. textile and apparel manufacturers. Potential employers include retailers. especially when deadlines approach for launches.FASHION DESIGNER Alternate Titles: Clothes Designer. More experienced designers may be required to travel to promote their fashion lines. In larger fashion houses. maternity. 3. Fashion design is a demanding and unpredictable job with long hours. ready-to-wear product for apparel manufacturers. bridal. marketing. 5. 7. shows. Fashion designers conceptualize and create new clothing. kids. evening dresses. produce. an example being tailors who produce custom designs for weddings and other special events. men. Fashion designers usually specialize in a specific line of clothing such as women. and fashion studios. haute couturiers. Apparel Designer Job Description: 1. baby outfits. maternity clothes. or individual jobs. or denims. 2. and individual clients. individual designers may work in very specialized areas. specialty and retail stores. 5 . and sales departments to design. 6. 4. such as tshirts.

which creates more overall demand for clothing and accessories. and color above-average ability for sewing skills. shape. Expect long hours in the beginning and be prepared for seasonal slowdowns.Outlook: • • Demand for fashion designers will remain strong as consumers constantly seek new styles and fashion. Career Path: Design Assistant > Assistant Designer > Associate Designer > Fashion Director • • • • • • • 6 .computer assisted design) knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts knowledge of manufacturing and production process ability to deal with ambiguity and rejection and to handle stress due to deadlines good business and marketing skills. drawing and sketching skills computer skills (especially with the use of CAD . and the population is growing. Personal Characteristics and Skillsability to discriminate between colors and judge fabric quality & a good eye for style.

in order to react to create pieces that complement the new hot styles in the market. Handbag Designer. handbags. 3. hats. belts. but also within apparel and fabric markets.ACCESSORY DESIGNER Also called: Jewelry Designer. women. gloves. etc. 2. moms. ties. to go with clothing. Shoe Designer. kids. as well as the customers for whom they design these accessories. 7 . brides. Accessory designers must always stay in touch not only with trends in their own specialties. Accessory designers conceptualize and create designs for jewelry. and so on. etc. shoes. Job Description: 1. be it men. Accessory designers usually specialize in a specific line of accessories.

so most accessory designers work independently. drawing and sketching skills • knowledge of and ability to react to current fashion trends • knowledge of manufacturing and production process • ability to keep production within a tight budget.Outlook: • • Accessory design is a highly competitive field that requires a lot of selfmotivation. etc) • persistence and determination. ability to work independently. Few staff positions are available. handle stress due to deadlines Career Path: Design Assistant/ Freelance Accessory Designer > Associate Staff Accessory Designer > Accessory Designs Director 8 . Personal Characteristics/Skills – • above average ability for creative expression • technical skill in working with materials required for the chosen specialty (such as metal and semi-precious stones for jewelry designers.

production costs. and have large personnel management responsibilities. 2. Merchandisers are some of the most powerful employees within an apparel company. A fashion merchandiser needs to be one of the first in the industry to spot the trend. and previous sales numbers to determine the product direction that the manufacturers will take each season. Apparel Merchandiser Job Description: 1.FASHION MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandiser. They may also be responsible for tracking profits and losses. 9 . 5. Fashion merchandising professionals on the retail side are responsible for determining store inventory and to price clothes (MPR) 4. Fashion merchandisers on the apparel production side track and analyze market trends. 3.

there are a number of merchandiser positions open • Those who have the business acumen and good fashion judgment to achieve and maintain profitability in their sector could advance high up the executive ladder. • ability to work with other executives. calm under pressure. decisive. Personal Characteristics and Skills – • extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends • highly analytical with strong math skills • ability to predict and create fashion trends • ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions. detail oriented. Career Path: Fashion Buyer > Merchandising Assistant > Merchandiser > Merchandising Director 10 . As a result.Outlook: • Every apparel maker needs at least one fashion merchandiser. well-organized.

11 .FASHION SALES REPRESENTATIVE Also called: Manufacturer's Representative. and even help the customer sell more of the product by arranging special events like trunk shows and in-store fashion shows featuring their products. They show samples. Sales representatives usually solicit orders from new and prospective customers within a designated geographical area. and catalogs of their manufacturer's product line. 3. This is a position that requires a good deal of travel. 4. 5. Fashion Sales Representatives sell a manufacturer's garments and accessories to Fashion Buyers from wholesale and retail stores. They listen to their customers concerns about the product. Apparel Sales Representative Job Description: 1. sometimes internationally. illustrations. and must be able to answer any questions regarding the products. 2. assist in solving problems the customer may have with the product.

Personal Characteristics/Skills – • highly competitive • belief in the product and ability to maintain enthusiasm for it • excellent communication skills . • Higher than average growth within the US is projected in this sector. with additional positions available overseas.Outlook: • Good to Excellent.both written and oral • establish good relationships with customers • self-motivated with good follow-through skills • ability to deal with rejection and remain upbeat • knowledge of fashion industry trends and manufacturer's competitors. Career Path: Showroom Sales Representative/Assistant > Sales Representative > Sales Manager > Regional Sales Manager > National Sales Manager > VP Sales 12 . • Often the key to getting a job is the willingness and flexibility to travel to remote locations.

they are responsible for accurately taking the Fashion Buyers order.SHOWROOM SALES REPRESENTATIVES Also called: Showroom Salesperson. knowledge of manufacturing and retail sectors of the fashion industry. outgoing. advancement is a good possibility. Outlook: • Good to Excellent. friendly. 4. good organizational and computer skills. where they meet with visiting Fashion Buyers and show the latest product line. Once they convince the Fashion Buyer to purchase the manufacturer's products. • Although a showroom sales rep is a fairly competitive position. 2. Showroom Representative Job Description: 1. • With enough experience and some additional education or training. Showroom sales reps should expect to work additional long hours during the four to six market weeks or fashion weeks each year.enthusiastic. college graduates with good communication skills and the right personality have a good chance of being hired. They work at manufacturers and/or designers offices. excellent communication and presentation skills. 3. They must then make sure that the right quantity of the right product reaches their customers' stores at the right time and in saleable condition. Personal Characteristics/Skills . good listener. Career Path: Showroom Sales Assistant > Showroom Sales Representative > Showroom Sales Manager 13 .

Product Managers are responsible for overseeing the conceptualization. usually starting at an analyst or assistant position. 3. • Most aspiring product managers must work up to this senior level. or product line. ability to work with other executives. This is a fairly senior position within a manufacturer's organization. 2. Personal Characteristics/Skills . selling and distribution of a manufacturer or designer's products. construction. extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends. they can be promoted into an executive leadership position. well-organized.highly analytical with strong math skills. Outlook: • Employment is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012. 4. • As product managers gain extensive experience and knowledge of the manufacturer's operations. Product Managers usually handle a specific product. design. They are also responsible for overseeing the set-up and implementation of quality assurance protocols for their product. ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions. calm under pressure. detail oriented.PRODUCT MANAGER Also called: Product Development Manager Job Description: 1. Career Path: Market Analyst > Merchandiser > Product Manager > Director of Product Management 14 . decisive.

good communication skills.CLOTHING PATTERN MAKER Also called: Pattern Maker. squares. 2. and sketches. expertise with body proportions. understanding of apparel manufacturing process. Career Path: Fabric Cutter/Grader > Patternmaker > Assistant Designer > Designer. manufacturers or as freelancers. Clothing patternmakers make full-size paper or fiberboard patterns for clothing. straight and curved rules). designs. • There should be opportunities either working for designers. patternmakers often act as liaisons between the design and manufacturing groups. ability to visualize the finished garment from a designers drawings. pattern makers are vital to the success of a design. Fabric Patternmaker Job Description: 1. yet the number of people entering the trade has declined. Outlook: • Pattern makers are very important to designers and fashion houses. Patternmakers use their expertise in body proportions and knowledge of fabric to translate the designer's apparel sketches into its various pattern pieces. detail oriented. 3. 15 .great technical skills with an ability to use drafting tools (calipers. Because of their understanding of the technical aspect of a design. Apparel Patternmaker. Personal Characteristics/Skills . good computer skills (specifically with CAD programs . • As styles become more complicated.computer assisted drawing). Alternatively Patternmakers may be promoted into Manufacturing/Production Management positions.

• With the right attitude. ability to manage deadlines and multiple projects. Pattern graders are responsible for reducing or enlarging a pattern created by a patternmaker order to produce clothes across a range of sizes (S. technical expertise and experience. but may also work for firms that specialize in pattern grading (such as an outsourcing provider). analytical and problem-solving skills. or computer programs in their work. In general. Pattern graders may use charts. etc) and fits (tall. especially through turnover or attrition. ability to do precise manual work.Understanding of apparel construction and manufacturing and patternmaking. anyone starting as a pattern grader should have opportunities to progress on the road to becoming production managers. Career Path: Pattern Grading Assistant > Pattern Grader > Patternmaker > Production Manager 16 . 2. pattern grading is considered more of a technically oriented career than patternmaking or designing. machinery. Outlook: • Opportunities for pattern graders are available. petite). L. M.PATTERN GRADER Also called: Grader Job Description: 1. good drafting and math skills. • Pattern graders may work directly for design houses or manufacturers. Personal Characteristics/Skills .

Fashion Marketing/Merchandising 17 .

they promote fashion with advertising and visual marketing campaigns. The fashion merchandising field includes jobs in both retail and wholesale sales. 18 .Fashion Marketing/Merchandising • They are responsible for identifying and creating fashion trends to sell the products created by fashion designers. Drawing on their knowledge of consumer psychology and trends.

men's suits or women's denim) 19 . knowledge of fashion trends. Fashion buyers use their sense of style.FASHION BUYER Also called: Apparel Buyer. or wholesalers for the retailers or departmental stores 1 or 2 seasons in advance. Buyers for larger department stores usually specialize in a specific line of clothes or accessories (e. 2. Buyer Job Description: 1. so it is important for fashion buyers to be able to understand past. Buyers must also be good at budgeting and planning inventory so that a good selection of clothing is always available for customers.g. and understanding of their target customers' desires to create an attractive selection of apparel for retail stores. 4. present. Buyers often make their purchases of apparel and accessories from manufacturers.. and future fashion trends. designers. 3.

• Advancement opportunities are good: Those who start at the assistant buyer level have a good chance of becoming full-fledged buyers within 3 to 5 years.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. but new positions become available as a result of internal promotions of experienced buyers. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Fashion buyers must be fashion-lovers with knowledge of fashion history and trends • good analytical skills • good negotiation abilities • flexible work attitude • excellent budgeting and planning skills • inventory management skills • ability to deal well with deadlines and stress. • The overall number of fashion buyer positions available is expected to decrease. Career Path: Assistant Fashion Buyer > Fashion Buyer > Divisional Merchandise Manager 20 .

and textiles are according to plan. and wholesalers to ensure that things are on schedule and colors. 2. and serving as a middleman with fabric mills. design house. Fashion directors need to assess the potential success of a garment or clothing line and determine the best plan for promotion and marketing. They are constantly monitoring industry publications and talking to designers in order to understand industry trends and keep up with the latest in fabric and textile development. 21 . Fashion Coordinators are responsible for creating a unified look and feel across all fashion divisions of a department store. and they also share their analysis with buyers to guide them in making inventory purchases. Additional responsibilities of a fashion coordinator may include organizing fashion parades. suppliers. supervising fashion photography shoots for promotions. 3. Long hours and frequent travel are part of the job.CO-ORDINATOR Also called: Fashion Director Job Description: 1. 4. Fashion coordinators then share their analyses with retail salespeople and/or editors to guide them in making customer recommendations. or fashion magazine. 5. designs. 6.

and presentation skills. colors. • There are only a limited number of Fashion Coordinator positions available since it is a high-level position. great networking skills • great organizational skills • excellent communication.g. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • excellent understanding of fashion (e. fabrics.) • knowledge and understanding of fashion trends • a flair for style. these are available in areas like fashion magazines. design houses. judgment. • However. etc. negotiation.Outlook: • Fair to Great. styles. cuts.. in-depth understanding of consumer behavior • an interest in artistic and creative pursuits. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Assistant Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Director 22 . and department stores.

pricing. Merchandisers may also specialize in a specific line of clothing. designers. Career Path: Buyers > Associate Merchandising Manager > Merchandise Manager > General Merchandising Manager 23 . in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion marketplace. 3. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Exceptional analytical skills. forecasting. 2. product development and sales. Like Fashion Buyers. division or chain. 4. designers and merchandise markets. visit manufacturers. manufacturers and products. consumers. highly organized. Fashion Merchandiser Job Description: 1. Outlook: Good to Excellent. They study fashion trends. great leadership and management skills. Retail Merchandisers select. They work with a team of buyers and managers to decide the most effective way to sell their products including advertising and display of merchandise & on how and where best to position and place merchandise. expertise in planning. They may also be responsible for organizing and coordinating promotional activities like fashion shows. and make fashion forecasts basted on the information they collect. strong time management skills. competitors. promote and sell clothing and accessories for a retail store. purchase. 5.RETAIL MERCHANDISER Also called: Merchandise Manager. Long hours and plenty of travel are often part of the job. 6. department.

In larger department stores or retail chains. tradeshow displays. and implementing window and instore displays for both online and brick and mortar retail stores. Their mail goals are: (1) create and maintain an image for a department or store that resonates with their target customers. and any other areas where the store's apparel and accessories are displayed. designing. fashion showrooms. In addition to drawing on their knowledge of customer tendencies when designing their displays. 4. Christmas and Valentine's Day). promoted. Visual Merchandisers must combine their creativity and artistic flair with technical know-how to set up displays that maximize the space of the store while effectively catching the eye and appealing to the senses of their target customers.. 6. 3. such as holidays (e. 24 . Visual Display Artists take into account current fashions and trends. Visual Display Designer Job Description: 1. and (3) guide their customers' browsing through merchandise placement and store layout to result in an eventual sale.VISUAL MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandise Display Artist. (2) increase customer traffic in the store. and seasonal factors. Visual Merchandisers coordinate with the head office and other design teams (including buyers and sales staff) to ensure consistency with the corporate brand or image. Visual Merchandisers are responsible for conceptualizing. 5.g. Visual Merchandisers may provide input or oversee the design and layout of a store or department. promotions. or sold. 2.

etc) is helpful. • In the coming years. setting up proper lighting. Personal Characteristics and Skills: 1.g. • Experienced Visual Merchandisers who have a proven track record of creating great displays may have the option of joining or starting their own firms specializing in visual merchandising for retailers. Visual Merchandiser jobs are projected to grow at a pace higher than the national average.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. Technical and design expertise (e. Creativity is key with an above-average ability for artistic expression.store customer traffic and therefore their bottom lines. skilled Visual Merchandisers have become more sought after. as well as knowledge of fashion and art/design industry trends and forecasts. • Now that retailers have realized the positive impact that displays can have on their in. Career Path: Visual Merchandising Assistant > Visual Merchandiser > Visual Merchandising Coordinator > Visual Merchandising Director 25 . props. building stet. It is also important to have the ability to work well with others. or they may be promoted to managerial positions of greater responsibilities. 2.

26 . weekends. business acumen. 4. store managers do or at least are involved in some manner in everything from approving visual displays and print or television advertisements.RETAIL STORE MANAGER Also called: Store Manager. setting up pricing policies. 3. evenings and holidays are often part of the job. and interpersonal skills to keep their stores profitable. Department Store Manager Job Description: 1. and as such must have the right combination of fashion industry knowledge. ordering a store's merchandise inventory. training. to hiring. 2. Retail store managers are very high-level employees who are responsible for overseeing all aspects of a store's operations. firing and promoting employees. Working long hours. They are ultimately responsible for the store's bottom line. Depending on the size of a store.

The growth of national chains has created more jobs at companies (instead of small retail stores) and thus created a career development path for many aspiring managers. Candidates with retail experience will have the the best opportunity for jobs as store managers. sales and management.Outlook: Employment for retail store managers / supervisors is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Associate Manager > Store Manager > Department Store Manager 27 . Personal Characteristics/Skills – • interpersonal and management skills • highly organized • detail oriented yet constantly thinking of the big picture • good business skills particularly in marketing. accounting. Job stability for Retail Store Managers is now more than ever determined by the store's ongoing profitability.

dresses. handbags. tuxedos. setting up the in-store displays and managing employees. novelty items.BOUTIQUE OWNER Also called: Specialty Store Owner. sunglasses. Successful boutique owners are very entrepreneurial-minded and driven people who use a combination of savvy business skills and in-depth knowledge of the fashion retail industry to make a profit. vintage. beachwear. Boutique owners must be jacks of all trades as they typically oversee all aspects of a boutiques operations from planning and purchasing their inventory. accessories. 2. 4. Their stores often target a specific customer profile and often carry a specific mix of clothing and/or apparel designers that appeal to this demographic. 3. T-shirts. lingerie. and more. shoes. 28 . One could start a fashion boutique in one of the following areas: sportswear. Owner Job Description: 1. watches.

successful owners are those who can attract investors with a solid business plan and operational structure. excellent time management and communication skills. • Setting up a boutique usually requires obtaining a bank loan or drawing from personal savings to cover initial investments. owners can go on to open additional stores.Outlook: • Being a small business owner is a dream for many people. • Often. • Once the store is profitable. or if they have created a strong enough brand. and the value of being one's own boss cannot be underestimated. sell franchises for subsequent locations. multi-tasking capabilities. Sales and Management • in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion retail marketplace. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Retail Manager > Boutique Owner 29 . Accounting. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • entrepreneurial and risk-taking personality • solid business background in fields such as Marketing. including trends and forecasts • flexible.

Fashion Media & Promotions 30 .

and stylists are often employed by catalogs and magazines. • Fashion photographs. and other media outlets to keep consumers up-to-date on style trends.Fashion Media & Promotions • The fashion industry offers a number of opportunities for creative professionals who aren't attracted to the design side. 31 . magazines. illustrators. • Fashion writers and editors are employed by newspapers. web sites.

Fashion Reporter Job Description: 1. editors. Fashion Critic. 4. 5.g. fashion reporters must do thorough research and/or conduct interviews when preparing articles. celebrities and others who make up fashion's inner circle. they are pitched to chief editors or other fashion media buyers like Vogue or Cosmo... fashion / design websites or blogs. Fashion writers produce editorial copy for media outlets such as fashion magazines. formal portraits of designers. interesting and engaging to readers. 32 . but for those who specialize in areas like designer collection reviews. models. newspapers. who together dig up their own stories e.FASHION WRITER Also called: Fashion Journalist. Talented fashion editors tend to partner with photographers. and of course for television. 3. 2. The majority of the industry's fashion writers work within editorial departments of fashion design firms. Like all journalists. Most draw upon their personal interest and incorporate their own personality into stories to make their pieces fun. After developing these stories behind the scenes. submitting articles on a freelance basis is often the preferred career direction.

attention to detail.Good interpersonal communication skills are needed for interviews and dealing with editors. Skills – • Excellent English communication and writing skills (e. Freelance fashion writers must have persistence and perseverance and be good at marketing their work Career Path: Editorial Assistant > Staff Fashion Writer > Fashion Editor 33 . fabrics and business are also important.. and superior research and fact-checking skills are essential. • The fashion writing industry can be extremely competitive. designers. • A love of fashion and knowledge about the industry.g. historical trends.Outlook: • National employment demand for all fashion journalists and writers is expected to grow through 2014. Personal Characteristics . textiles. • Two thirds of the nations working fashion editors will reside in either New York or California (US Dept of Labor). spelling and grammar).

etc. advertising agencies. retailers. 2. Many stylists also choose to run their own businesses. public relations firms. 34 . They coordinate colors and styles and ensure that all clothes are ready for the shoot. create the mood for the shoot by selecting and setting up the appropriate props. accessories. newspapers. Companies such as magazines. and music production companies often employ fashion stylists. 3. which can include basic tasks such as steaming and ironing garments. 4. and even models to fit the theme of the shoot. Stylists may also be employed by agents. or wealthy clients as wardrobe consultants to help them prepare for major events or appearances. layout. print advertisement. Fashion stylists are responsible for bringing to life a photographer or director's vision for a fashion photo shoot. Fashion stylists often scout locations. fashions. 5. catalog publishers. television and film production houses. celebrities. commercial.FASHION STYLIST Job Description: 1. music video.

bills. Naomi Campbell Rachel Zoe: Celebrity clients include Nichole Richie. Kelly Price 35 . clients usually hire stylists they have used in the past or those who have proven success in the business. Keira Knightly Wardrobe stylist for Madonna.Outlook: • Aspiring fashion stylists should expect to work their way to the top. • In addition. etc. Career Path: Intern/Stylist's Apprentice > Assistant Fashion Stylist > Staff Fashion Stylist Famous Fashion Stylists: Jeff Ihenando: Stylist for supermodels Kate Moss. ability to market oneself • savvy business skills to deal with invoicing. Libery Ross. Mischa Barton. • Once established. trends and forecasts • technical know-how for setting up sets. good interpersonal and networking skills • persistence and self-motivation. Lauren Hutton. creativity and resourcefulness • broad knowledge of fashion history. stylists who maintain a good professional reputation can expect plenty of repeat business and often take advantage of this by setting up their own independent businesses. budgets. Personal Characteristics and Skills – • eye for style. • The most successful fashion stylists have extensive networks of contacts within the fashion industry to get the job done quickly and on budget. Kylie Minogue.

36 . 2. Fashion Public Relations Specialists and Publicists help apparel companies and retail stores build and maintain a favorable public image. Public Relations (PR) Specialists must find creative ways to keep the company's brand name in the public eye. 3. PR specialists select information that they want to share with the public and write up press releases or conduct press conferences to distribute the news through television. radio and direct mail. Because they do not pay for publicity or media coverage. newspapers.FASHION PUBLIC RELATIONS SPECIALIST Also called: Fashion Publicist. 4. Fashion Media Relations Specialist Job Description: 1. As such. They are also responsible for interacting with media when questions or crises arise from outside sources. PR specialists must maintain strong professional relationships with media personnel.

good time management and multi-tasking skills • ability to maintain an even temperament under stress. • In addition to working on staff for design houses and retailers. Career Path: Promotions Assistant > Public Relations Specialist > Public Relations Coordinator > Director of Public Relations 37 . PR specialists often move into more senior PR Coordinator positions. PR specialists may also work at PR firms that handle work for a variety of clients.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Knowledge of journalistic basics including proper news release formats • excellent written and oral communication and presentation skills • good interpersonal skills. After 3-5 years of experience in the field. • The market for PR specialists focused solely on fashion is growing quickly.

retail stores. Under guidance of the editor-in-chief. In addition. 2. 5. websites. London.g. working on a per-contract basis and assuming all of the costs of the fashion shoot (e. developing and presenting content for fashionspecific magazines. specialty boutiques. 4..g. and Milan). Editors occupy the mid to highest-level positions at publications 3.. Due to the deadline-driven nature of their work. Paris. accessories. and so on. or television shows. New York. Editors may specialize in apparel. both salaried and freelance editors should enjoy a fastpaced environment. Accessories Editor. Fashion Producer Job Description: 1.FASHION EDITOR Also called: Apparel Editor. editors are often required to travel to keep up with the latest fashion trends through meetings with designers and visits to fashion shows throughout the world (e. Fashion editors supervise the process of creating. Some fashion editors choose to freelance. newspaper sections. and vintage clothing stores 6. beauty and make-up. clothing and accessories). 38 . they are responsible for deciding the creative influence and direction that their departments will pursue during a given season or issue. photo shoots.

aspiring editors must be creative. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Passion for fashion. websites. Career Path: Associate Editor > Editor > Senior Editor > Editor-in-Chief Famous Fashion Editor-in-Chiefs: Anna Wintour: Vogue Magazine Cindi Leive: Glamour Magazine Robbie Myers: Elle Magazine 39 . • Growth in any of these sectors means an increased demand for experienced writers and editors. broad knowledge of fashion industry trends and forecasts • excellent writing/journalistic talent with the ability to communicate effectively and clearly • great organization and planning skills. etc.Outlook: • Employment of editors and writers is expected to increase 10% to 20% between 2002 and 2012 • There are a variety of outlets in which prospective editors may seek employment including but not limited to: fashion magazines. newspapers. television shows. entertainment and lifestyle magazines. opportunities for advancement become more readily available. hard working and willing to start at the bottom and take opportunities as they arise. • Once in the system. • Because competition for these jobs is fierce. excellent interpersonal and management skills • competitive spirit • ability to perform well under stress. fashion sections of news.

computer aided design/CAD). 2. Career Path: Fashion Illustrator Freelance > Staff Fashion Illustrator 40 . television commercials. high level of creativity and artistic expression. direct mail catalogs. exceptional drawing skills. Outlook: • Many of the jobs once performed exclusively by fashion illustrators are now also done by fashion photographers. • In addition. and flyers. brochures. for whom photographs will not suffice. • For example. full-time jobs are often available with clothing catalog firms. Professional fashion artists may work on a freelance basis for an advertising agency. or department store. department store ads. Fashion illustrations are used in newspaper and magazine advertising layouts. or out of their own studio. and accessories for fashion advertisements. films.g. ability for self-promotion. basic business know-how. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent computer skills. shoes. there are still opportunities for fashion illustration and fashion artist jobs. well-trained and skilled illustrators are sought by employers like pattern companies and fashion forecast firms. however.FASHION IILUSTRATOR Also called: Fashion Artist Job Description: 1. and other media either by hand or use special computer software programs (e. catalogues. 3. Fashion illustrators conceptualize and create sketches and drawings of apparel.. particularly with CAD software. manufacturer.

variety and length of experience. graphic design firm. color and design. including business cards and stationary. creativity and imagination. for various fashion businesses. fashion magazine. they work on a team with the Art Director and Creative Director in order to conceptualize and create specific designs to be approved by their client. 2. ability to collaborate other professionals. • Success for graphic designers is usually based on creativity and design sense. Graphic Designers design and prepare camera-ready copy for any type of printed material. brochures. business acumen. Graphic designers may work for an advertising agency. Personal Characteristics/Skills . attention to detail. or out of their own studio. • Those who fit the bill may progress to become art directors or creative directors. book covers.Good sense of style. packaging. as a freelance designer. In large agencies. good computer skills. advertising. • Faster than average growth is projected for graphic designers in the coming years thanks to the growth of the Internet and the increase in competition among apparel designers and manufacturers.GRAPHIC DESIGNER Also called: Graphic Artist Job Description: 1. or may decide to open their own graphic design firm and hire other designers. Career Path: Paste-up Artist > Graphic Designer > Art Director > Creative Director 41 . and turnover in top positions. ability to tolerate criticism. Outlook: • Good to Excellent. and many other types of materials.

Catalogue Photographer. 2. 3. Magazine Photographer Job Description: 1. develop. and print still photos and/or videos to show off clothes and accessories in a creative manner that catches the eye of consumers. magazines. In addition to taking pictures.FASHION PHOTOGRAPHER Also called: Photographer. photographers may also be responsible for scouting locations and hiring models and personnel for the photo shoot 42 . Fashion photographers either freelance or are employed by catalogs. Web sites. and fashion houses to conceptualize. Professional fashion photographers must have a good eye for style and beauty and be skilled at working with models to achieve & capture the best possible poses and photos. shoot.

darkroom procedures. Career Path: Photographer's Assistant > Staff/Freelance Photographer > Photo Editor > Director of Photography Famous Fashion Photographers: Richard Avedon. Mario Sorrenti 43 . Steven Meisel. as Web sites look to continuously refresh their content. and special characteristics of films and paper • good business and networking skills. Patrick Demarchelier. and aspiring fashion photographers may outnumber the available assignments. composition. • However. increased use of the Internet may spur further growth in fashion photography. lighting. Helmut Newton. • With experience comes more opportunity. S • starting as an assistant or an apprentice is one way to get a foot in the door. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Artistic and creative expression • thorough knowledge of the technical and aesthetic aspects of photography. Mario Testino. solid interpersonal skills to communicate with models and convey your ideas. ability to promote oneself • knowledge of trends in both photography and fashion industry. including camera operations.Outlook: • Competition for jobs in magazine and commercial photography is stiff. and those who can develop a solid portfolio (body of work) may attain full-time staff positions or set up their own studios and work with more exclusive or well-known fashion clients. Michael Thompson.

Other Fashion Careers 44 .

for TV.positions with high-end department stores and private clients • and modeling work .Other fashion career opportunities include --- • costume design .for everything from newspapers ads to strutting the catwalk in Milan or Paris 45 . film and theater productions • personal stylist .

46 .COSTUME DESIGNER Also called: Theatrical Designer Job Description: 1. television. costume designers must get a feel for the mood. They do research. create sketches of costumes. 3. 4. concerts and stage companies. time period and setting in which the action occurs. 2. country or social class costumes. Costume Designers research and design for authentic period. A good costume designer plays a big part in character or time period to vivid life on stage or screen. They work primarily for motion pictures. and develop costume budgets for the entire production. With any given project.

perseverance. • As demand for movies and theater grow and the productions themselves become increasingly rich in design and costume. this hard work should enable the designer to land a higher-paying job in the television and film industries. experience. and a little luck. Broadway/OffBroadway Productions > Costume Designer. Career Path: Design Assistant. Television and Film 47 . University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer.often as unpaid volunteers in college productions. demand for costume designers should follow.Outlook: • Employment opportunities for costume designers depends largely upon the Entertainment Industry. • With the right skills. University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer. • Aspiring costume designers usually start as assistants . Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Creativity. knowledge of fashion history and art history • as well as general world history • good research skills • technical skill in designing and dressmaking • ability to work and collaborate with other professionals • ability to handle stress from deadlines.

Personal Shopper Job Description: 1. Outlook: • Aspiring stylists should first get some experience in fashion retail positions. and fashion style in order to make recommendations on which fashion choices will help the client achieve and maintain their desired image. 2. enjoy shopping. • Personal stylists may give classes for small groups or run seminars for a client company. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent fashion sense.PERSONAL STYLIST Also called: Wardrobe Consultant. business savvy. personal shoppers and merchandise buyers can gain credentials to work as independent consultants. 3. good networking skills. great presentation and oral communication skills. Personal stylists work with individuals or companies to educate clients about general fashion apparel and accessories. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Related Fashion Position > Personal Stylist 48 . lifestyle. • With enough experience. • Some lucky stylists work exclusively with high-profile celebrities in the sports and entertainment industries where a client's everyday look or image is often more important than how they look while they work. knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts. friendly and tactful. ability to promote oneself. good listener. Consultants make an evaluation of their clients' physical attributes. Personal stylists may often shop for their clients and pick out items that suit their image.

FASHION MODEL Also called: Fashion Model. weight and body measurements falling within certain industry standards. a positive attitude. They may model in showrooms. custom salons or specialty stores. self-discipline. retail stores. those who succeed often segue into careers in fashion and entertainment. make-up. good people skills. Christie Brinkley. Career Path: Print Model > Runway Model > Supermodel 49 . Tyra Banks. formal fashion show procedures and the use of cosmetics. Print Model Job Description: 1. Others work mainly pose for still photographs used in print ads. 3. Models try to convey an idea by their appearance. • Yet. Others work in fashion show modeling. which is more theatrical. and costume accessories in a variety of poses and settings. familiarity with different modeling techniques. Personal Characteristics/Skills photogenic and physically attractive with height. brochures and catalogs. and Laetitia Casta. Naomi Campbell. Adriana Lima. excellent fashion style. 2. Heidi Klum. Karolina Kurkova. Famous Supermodels: Kate Moss. Runway Model. persuading people to buy the products they advertise. many people aspire to become models and the competition is healthy. Models work with clothing. Outlook: • Demand for both male models and models who are representative of diverse racial and ethnic groups should rise higher than average for all models. Cindy Crawford. • Like most glamorous and high status careers.

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