Fashion Careers


• Fashion Design Production Fashion Designer • Fashion Accessory Designer Marketing/Merchandising Fashion Merchandiser Fashion Buyer Fashion Sales Rep Fashion Coordinator Showroom Sales Rep Retail Merchandiser Product Manager Clothing Patternmaker Visual Merchandiser Retail Store Manager Pattern Grader Boutique Owner


• Fashion Media & Promotions Fashion Writer Fashion Stylist Fashion PR Specialist Fashion Editor Fashion Illustrator Graphic Designer Fashion Photographer

• Other Fashion Careers Costume Designer Personal Stylist Model


Fashion Design Production
• Fashion and accessory designers use their knowledge of design principles, techniques, and tools to create sketches and models of original garments, shoes, handbags and other fashion accessories. • They often specialize in a particular facet of clothing design, such as men's, women's, children's wear, or lingerie. • While some fashion designers control the entire design and marketing process, others use the services of patternmakers to create original textiles and trimmings, production managers to oversee the actual creation of the fashion line, and fashion merchandisers to introduce and establish the designs in the fashion marketplace.

or individual jobs. or denims. and promote a finished. 6. More experienced designers may be required to travel to promote their fashion lines. 3. Apparel Designer Job Description: 1. marketing. Fashion design is a demanding and unpredictable job with long hours. sportswear etc. Potential employers include retailers. 7. specialty and retail stores. kids. textile and apparel manufacturers. haute couturiers. bridal. such as tshirts. In larger fashion houses.FASHION DESIGNER Alternate Titles: Clothes Designer. shows. and sales departments to design. baby outfits. and fashion studios. 5 . 2. They analyze fashion trends and work closely with production. 5. individual designers may work in very specialized areas. Fashion designers conceptualize and create new clothing. men. maternity clothes. and individual clients. ready-to-wear product for apparel manufacturers. evening dresses. especially when deadlines approach for launches. maternity. produce. Fashion designers usually specialize in a specific line of clothing such as women. an example being tailors who produce custom designs for weddings and other special events. 4.

drawing and sketching skills computer skills (especially with the use of CAD . Personal Characteristics and Skillsability to discriminate between colors and judge fabric quality & a good eye for style. and color above-average ability for sewing skills. and the population is growing. Expect long hours in the beginning and be prepared for seasonal slowdowns.Outlook: • • Demand for fashion designers will remain strong as consumers constantly seek new styles and fashion. which creates more overall demand for clothing and accessories. Career Path: Design Assistant > Assistant Designer > Associate Designer > Fashion Director • • • • • • • 6 . assisted design) knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts knowledge of manufacturing and production process ability to deal with ambiguity and rejection and to handle stress due to deadlines good business and marketing skills.

handbags. Accessory designers must always stay in touch not only with trends in their own specialties. Accessory designers usually specialize in a specific line of accessories. in order to react to create pieces that complement the new hot styles in the market. moms. belts. gloves. and so on. Accessory designers conceptualize and create designs for jewelry. etc. 3. brides.ACCESSORY DESIGNER Also called: Jewelry Designer. ties. 2. hats. Job Description: 1. women. shoes. Handbag Designer. Shoe Designer. as well as the customers for whom they design these accessories. kids. but also within apparel and fabric markets. to go with clothing. etc. 7 . be it men.

Outlook: • • Accessory design is a highly competitive field that requires a lot of selfmotivation. Few staff positions are available. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • above average ability for creative expression • technical skill in working with materials required for the chosen specialty (such as metal and semi-precious stones for jewelry designers. so most accessory designers work independently. etc) • persistence and determination. ability to work independently. handle stress due to deadlines Career Path: Design Assistant/ Freelance Accessory Designer > Associate Staff Accessory Designer > Accessory Designs Director 8 . drawing and sketching skills • knowledge of and ability to react to current fashion trends • knowledge of manufacturing and production process • ability to keep production within a tight budget.

5. 9 . Merchandisers are some of the most powerful employees within an apparel company. and have large personnel management responsibilities.FASHION MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandiser. and previous sales numbers to determine the product direction that the manufacturers will take each season. They may also be responsible for tracking profits and losses. 2. Fashion merchandising professionals on the retail side are responsible for determining store inventory and to price clothes (MPR) 4. A fashion merchandiser needs to be one of the first in the industry to spot the trend. Apparel Merchandiser Job Description: 1. production costs. Fashion merchandisers on the apparel production side track and analyze market trends. 3.

Personal Characteristics and Skills – • extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends • highly analytical with strong math skills • ability to predict and create fashion trends • ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions.Outlook: • Every apparel maker needs at least one fashion merchandiser. As a result. decisive. calm under pressure. detail oriented. Career Path: Fashion Buyer > Merchandising Assistant > Merchandiser > Merchandising Director 10 . there are a number of merchandiser positions open • Those who have the business acumen and good fashion judgment to achieve and maintain profitability in their sector could advance high up the executive ladder. well-organized. • ability to work with other executives.

sometimes internationally. 3. and must be able to answer any questions regarding the products. illustrations. 4. and even help the customer sell more of the product by arranging special events like trunk shows and in-store fashion shows featuring their products. They listen to their customers concerns about the product.FASHION SALES REPRESENTATIVE Also called: Manufacturer's Representative. Fashion Sales Representatives sell a manufacturer's garments and accessories to Fashion Buyers from wholesale and retail stores. 5. 11 . Sales representatives usually solicit orders from new and prospective customers within a designated geographical area. and catalogs of their manufacturer's product line. Apparel Sales Representative Job Description: 1. 2. assist in solving problems the customer may have with the product. This is a position that requires a good deal of travel. They show samples.

both written and oral • establish good relationships with customers • self-motivated with good follow-through skills • ability to deal with rejection and remain upbeat • knowledge of fashion industry trends and manufacturer's competitors.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. Career Path: Showroom Sales Representative/Assistant > Sales Representative > Sales Manager > Regional Sales Manager > National Sales Manager > VP Sales 12 . with additional positions available overseas. • Often the key to getting a job is the willingness and flexibility to travel to remote locations. • Higher than average growth within the US is projected in this sector. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • highly competitive • belief in the product and ability to maintain enthusiasm for it • excellent communication skills .

friendly. Once they convince the Fashion Buyer to purchase the manufacturer's products. excellent communication and presentation skills. good listener. They work at manufacturers and/or designers offices. they are responsible for accurately taking the Fashion Buyers order. 2. Showroom Representative Job Description: 1. Outlook: • Good to Excellent. Career Path: Showroom Sales Assistant > Showroom Sales Representative > Showroom Sales Manager 13 . knowledge of manufacturing and retail sectors of the fashion industry. advancement is a good possibility.SHOWROOM SALES REPRESENTATIVES Also called: Showroom Salesperson. 3. • With enough experience and some additional education or training. Showroom sales reps should expect to work additional long hours during the four to six market weeks or fashion weeks each year. 4. good organizational and computer skills. Personal Characteristics/Skills . college graduates with good communication skills and the right personality have a good chance of being hired. • Although a showroom sales rep is a fairly competitive position. They must then make sure that the right quantity of the right product reaches their customers' stores at the right time and in saleable condition.enthusiastic. where they meet with visiting Fashion Buyers and show the latest product line. outgoing.

usually starting at an analyst or assistant position. Career Path: Market Analyst > Merchandiser > Product Manager > Director of Product Management 14 .highly analytical with strong math skills. Outlook: • Employment is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012. 4. or product line. extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends. well-organized. 3. they can be promoted into an executive leadership position. ability to work with other executives. decisive. Product Managers usually handle a specific product. Product Managers are responsible for overseeing the conceptualization. • Most aspiring product managers must work up to this senior level. detail oriented. calm under pressure.PRODUCT MANAGER Also called: Product Development Manager Job Description: 1. selling and distribution of a manufacturer or designer's products. design. They are also responsible for overseeing the set-up and implementation of quality assurance protocols for their product. Personal Characteristics/Skills . This is a fairly senior position within a manufacturer's organization. 2. ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions. • As product managers gain extensive experience and knowledge of the manufacturer's operations. construction.

Fabric Patternmaker Job Description: 1. Because of their understanding of the technical aspect of a design. and sketches. pattern makers are vital to the success of a design. Outlook: • Pattern makers are very important to designers and fashion houses. Personal Characteristics/Skills . Alternatively Patternmakers may be promoted into Manufacturing/Production Management positions. squares.CLOTHING PATTERN MAKER Also called: Pattern Maker. patternmakers often act as liaisons between the design and manufacturing groups. ability to visualize the finished garment from a designers drawings. 3. Clothing patternmakers make full-size paper or fiberboard patterns for clothing.great technical skills with an ability to use drafting tools (calipers. • There should be opportunities either working for designers. manufacturers or as freelancers. designs. Apparel Patternmaker. understanding of apparel manufacturing process. good communication skills. Career Path: Fabric Cutter/Grader > Patternmaker > Assistant Designer > Designer. good computer skills (specifically with CAD programs . • As styles become more complicated. detail oriented. 15 . 2. Patternmakers use their expertise in body proportions and knowledge of fabric to translate the designer's apparel sketches into its various pattern pieces. straight and curved rules).computer assisted drawing). expertise with body proportions. yet the number of people entering the trade has declined.

anyone starting as a pattern grader should have opportunities to progress on the road to becoming production managers. or computer programs in their work. 2. petite). especially through turnover or attrition. • With the right attitude. ability to manage deadlines and multiple projects. Career Path: Pattern Grading Assistant > Pattern Grader > Patternmaker > Production Manager 16 . but may also work for firms that specialize in pattern grading (such as an outsourcing provider). analytical and problem-solving skills. In general. Pattern graders may use charts. pattern grading is considered more of a technically oriented career than patternmaking or designing. ability to do precise manual work.PATTERN GRADER Also called: Grader Job Description: 1. L. good drafting and math skills. Outlook: • Opportunities for pattern graders are available. M. technical expertise and experience. machinery. Pattern graders are responsible for reducing or enlarging a pattern created by a patternmaker order to produce clothes across a range of sizes (S. Personal Characteristics/Skills . etc) and fits (tall.Understanding of apparel construction and manufacturing and patternmaking. • Pattern graders may work directly for design houses or manufacturers.

Fashion Marketing/Merchandising 17 .

The fashion merchandising field includes jobs in both retail and wholesale sales. they promote fashion with advertising and visual marketing campaigns. Drawing on their knowledge of consumer psychology and trends.Fashion Marketing/Merchandising • They are responsible for identifying and creating fashion trends to sell the products created by fashion designers. 18 .

. 2.FASHION BUYER Also called: Apparel Buyer. Buyers for larger department stores usually specialize in a specific line of clothes or accessories (e. present. knowledge of fashion trends. so it is important for fashion buyers to be able to understand past.g. Buyers often make their purchases of apparel and accessories from manufacturers. Fashion buyers use their sense of style. men's suits or women's denim) 19 . designers. or wholesalers for the retailers or departmental stores 1 or 2 seasons in advance. 4. Buyers must also be good at budgeting and planning inventory so that a good selection of clothing is always available for customers. and understanding of their target customers' desires to create an attractive selection of apparel for retail stores. 3. Buyer Job Description: 1. and future fashion trends.

• Advancement opportunities are good: Those who start at the assistant buyer level have a good chance of becoming full-fledged buyers within 3 to 5 years. Career Path: Assistant Fashion Buyer > Fashion Buyer > Divisional Merchandise Manager 20 . • The overall number of fashion buyer positions available is expected to decrease. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Fashion buyers must be fashion-lovers with knowledge of fashion history and trends • good analytical skills • good negotiation abilities • flexible work attitude • excellent budgeting and planning skills • inventory management skills • ability to deal well with deadlines and stress. but new positions become available as a result of internal promotions of experienced buyers.Outlook: • Good to Excellent.

CO-ORDINATOR Also called: Fashion Director Job Description: 1. 5. and wholesalers to ensure that things are on schedule and colors. Additional responsibilities of a fashion coordinator may include organizing fashion parades. 2. suppliers. or fashion magazine. Fashion directors need to assess the potential success of a garment or clothing line and determine the best plan for promotion and marketing. Fashion coordinators then share their analyses with retail salespeople and/or editors to guide them in making customer recommendations. They are constantly monitoring industry publications and talking to designers in order to understand industry trends and keep up with the latest in fabric and textile development. and serving as a middleman with fabric mills. and textiles are according to plan. and they also share their analysis with buyers to guide them in making inventory purchases. 4. Fashion Coordinators are responsible for creating a unified look and feel across all fashion divisions of a department store. 6. 21 . supervising fashion photography shoots for promotions. Long hours and frequent travel are part of the job. 3. design house. designs.

• However. etc. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • excellent understanding of fashion (e. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Assistant Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Director 22 .) • knowledge and understanding of fashion trends • a flair for style. fabrics. design houses.g. judgment. and presentation skills. great networking skills • great organizational skills • excellent communication.Outlook: • Fair to Great. colors. • There are only a limited number of Fashion Coordinator positions available since it is a high-level position. and department stores. styles. these are available in areas like fashion magazines.. in-depth understanding of consumer behavior • an interest in artistic and creative pursuits. cuts. negotiation.

department. 2. competitors. 4. designers. 5. and make fashion forecasts basted on the information they collect. 3. designers and merchandise markets. They may also be responsible for organizing and coordinating promotional activities like fashion shows. promote and sell clothing and accessories for a retail store. Fashion Merchandiser Job Description: 1. 6. purchase. consumers. They study fashion trends. strong time management skills. Career Path: Buyers > Associate Merchandising Manager > Merchandise Manager > General Merchandising Manager 23 . product development and sales. expertise in planning. Retail Merchandisers select. highly organized. forecasting. great leadership and management skills. manufacturers and products. They work with a team of buyers and managers to decide the most effective way to sell their products including advertising and display of merchandise & on how and where best to position and place merchandise. pricing. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Exceptional analytical skills. Outlook: Good to Excellent. visit manufacturers. Long hours and plenty of travel are often part of the job. Like Fashion Buyers.RETAIL MERCHANDISER Also called: Merchandise Manager. in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion marketplace. Merchandisers may also specialize in a specific line of clothing. division or chain.

.VISUAL MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandise Display Artist. 2. 24 . promotions. 5. Visual Display Artists take into account current fashions and trends. Their mail goals are: (1) create and maintain an image for a department or store that resonates with their target customers. In larger department stores or retail chains. Visual Merchandisers coordinate with the head office and other design teams (including buyers and sales staff) to ensure consistency with the corporate brand or image. designing. promoted. or sold. In addition to drawing on their knowledge of customer tendencies when designing their displays. and seasonal factors. fashion showrooms. tradeshow displays. 4. Visual Merchandisers must combine their creativity and artistic flair with technical know-how to set up displays that maximize the space of the store while effectively catching the eye and appealing to the senses of their target customers. Christmas and Valentine's Day). 6. Visual Merchandisers may provide input or oversee the design and layout of a store or department.g. and (3) guide their customers' browsing through merchandise placement and store layout to result in an eventual sale. (2) increase customer traffic in the store. Visual Display Designer Job Description: 1. Visual Merchandisers are responsible for conceptualizing. and any other areas where the store's apparel and accessories are displayed. 3. and implementing window and instore displays for both online and brick and mortar retail stores. such as holidays (e.

props. Creativity is key with an above-average ability for artistic customer traffic and therefore their bottom lines. setting up proper lighting. Personal Characteristics and Skills: 1. building stet. Career Path: Visual Merchandising Assistant > Visual Merchandiser > Visual Merchandising Coordinator > Visual Merchandising Director 25 . 2. or they may be promoted to managerial positions of greater responsibilities. skilled Visual Merchandisers have become more sought after. • Experienced Visual Merchandisers who have a proven track record of creating great displays may have the option of joining or starting their own firms specializing in visual merchandising for retailers. etc) is helpful.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. It is also important to have the ability to work well with others. as well as knowledge of fashion and art/design industry trends and forecasts. • In the coming years. Visual Merchandiser jobs are projected to grow at a pace higher than the national average. • Now that retailers have realized the positive impact that displays can have on their in. Technical and design expertise (e.g.

Retail store managers are very high-level employees who are responsible for overseeing all aspects of a store's operations. and as such must have the right combination of fashion industry knowledge. firing and promoting employees. 3. 4. 26 . Department Store Manager Job Description: 1. store managers do or at least are involved in some manner in everything from approving visual displays and print or television advertisements. business acumen. and interpersonal skills to keep their stores profitable. weekends. evenings and holidays are often part of the job. training. Depending on the size of a store. 2. Working long hours.RETAIL STORE MANAGER Also called: Store Manager. They are ultimately responsible for the store's bottom line. to hiring. setting up pricing policies. ordering a store's merchandise inventory.

Personal Characteristics/Skills – • interpersonal and management skills • highly organized • detail oriented yet constantly thinking of the big picture • good business skills particularly in marketing. Job stability for Retail Store Managers is now more than ever determined by the store's ongoing profitability. Candidates with retail experience will have the the best opportunity for jobs as store managers. The growth of national chains has created more jobs at companies (instead of small retail stores) and thus created a career development path for many aspiring managers. sales and management. accounting.Outlook: Employment for retail store managers / supervisors is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Associate Manager > Store Manager > Department Store Manager 27 .

sunglasses. beachwear. handbags. vintage. dresses. and more. Boutique owners must be jacks of all trades as they typically oversee all aspects of a boutiques operations from planning and purchasing their inventory. T-shirts. Successful boutique owners are very entrepreneurial-minded and driven people who use a combination of savvy business skills and in-depth knowledge of the fashion retail industry to make a profit. Owner Job Description: 1. tuxedos. One could start a fashion boutique in one of the following areas: sportswear. lingerie. 4. shoes. 3. accessories. setting up the in-store displays and managing employees. watches.BOUTIQUE OWNER Also called: Specialty Store Owner. 28 . Their stores often target a specific customer profile and often carry a specific mix of clothing and/or apparel designers that appeal to this demographic. novelty items. 2.

• Setting up a boutique usually requires obtaining a bank loan or drawing from personal savings to cover initial investments. • Once the store is profitable. multi-tasking capabilities. Sales and Management • in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion retail marketplace. or if they have created a strong enough brand. excellent time management and communication skills. including trends and forecasts • flexible. and the value of being one's own boss cannot be underestimated. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • entrepreneurial and risk-taking personality • solid business background in fields such as Marketing. sell franchises for subsequent locations. owners can go on to open additional stores. • Often. Accounting.Outlook: • Being a small business owner is a dream for many people. successful owners are those who can attract investors with a solid business plan and operational structure. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Retail Manager > Boutique Owner 29 .

Fashion Media & Promotions 30 .

• Fashion photographs. magazines.Fashion Media & Promotions • The fashion industry offers a number of opportunities for creative professionals who aren't attracted to the design side. and other media outlets to keep consumers up-to-date on style trends. illustrators. 31 . • Fashion writers and editors are employed by newspapers. web sites. and stylists are often employed by catalogs and magazines.

editors. Fashion writers produce editorial copy for media outlets such as fashion magazines.. newspapers. 4.FASHION WRITER Also called: Fashion Journalist. 32 . who together dig up their own stories e. Fashion Reporter Job Description: 1. fashion / design websites or blogs. models. Like all journalists. they are pitched to chief editors or other fashion media buyers like Vogue or Cosmo. Talented fashion editors tend to partner with photographers. Most draw upon their personal interest and incorporate their own personality into stories to make their pieces fun. interesting and engaging to readers. 3. 5.g. The majority of the industry's fashion writers work within editorial departments of fashion design firms. fashion reporters must do thorough research and/or conduct interviews when preparing articles. and of course for television. Fashion Critic. 2.. After developing these stories behind the scenes. but for those who specialize in areas like designer collection reviews. celebrities and others who make up fashion's inner circle. submitting articles on a freelance basis is often the preferred career direction. formal portraits of designers.

• The fashion writing industry can be extremely competitive. attention to detail. and superior research and fact-checking skills are essential. • A love of fashion and knowledge about the industry. Freelance fashion writers must have persistence and perseverance and be good at marketing their work Career Path: Editorial Assistant > Staff Fashion Writer > Fashion Editor 33 . • Two thirds of the nations working fashion editors will reside in either New York or California (US Dept of Labor). fabrics and business are also important. textiles.Outlook: • National employment demand for all fashion journalists and writers is expected to grow through 2014. Personal Characteristics .Good interpersonal communication skills are needed for interviews and dealing with editors. spelling and grammar). designers.g. Skills – • Excellent English communication and writing skills (e. historical trends..

Stylists may also be employed by agents. or wealthy clients as wardrobe consultants to help them prepare for major events or appearances. Fashion stylists are responsible for bringing to life a photographer or director's vision for a fashion photo shoot. Many stylists also choose to run their own businesses. 34 . and music production companies often employ fashion stylists. retailers. celebrities. catalog publishers. print advertisement. commercial. advertising agencies. fashions.FASHION STYLIST Job Description: 1. public relations firms. Companies such as magazines. etc. create the mood for the shoot by selecting and setting up the appropriate props. music video. and even models to fit the theme of the shoot. which can include basic tasks such as steaming and ironing garments. 4. layout. newspapers. 2. 5. They coordinate colors and styles and ensure that all clothes are ready for the shoot. 3. Fashion stylists often scout locations. accessories. television and film production houses.

good interpersonal and networking skills • persistence and self-motivation. Personal Characteristics and Skills – • eye for style. • In addition. • The most successful fashion stylists have extensive networks of contacts within the fashion industry to get the job done quickly and on budget. trends and forecasts • technical know-how for setting up sets. budgets. Career Path: Intern/Stylist's Apprentice > Assistant Fashion Stylist > Staff Fashion Stylist Famous Fashion Stylists: Jeff Ihenando: Stylist for supermodels Kate Moss. stylists who maintain a good professional reputation can expect plenty of repeat business and often take advantage of this by setting up their own independent businesses. etc. Mischa Barton. Kylie Minogue. Kelly Price 35 .Outlook: • Aspiring fashion stylists should expect to work their way to the top. Keira Knightly Wardrobe stylist for Madonna. ability to market oneself • savvy business skills to deal with invoicing. creativity and resourcefulness • broad knowledge of fashion history. Lauren Hutton. • Once established. Libery Ross. bills. Naomi Campbell Rachel Zoe: Celebrity clients include Nichole Richie. clients usually hire stylists they have used in the past or those who have proven success in the business.

2. 36 . PR specialists select information that they want to share with the public and write up press releases or conduct press conferences to distribute the news through television. 4. Fashion Public Relations Specialists and Publicists help apparel companies and retail stores build and maintain a favorable public image. 3. They are also responsible for interacting with media when questions or crises arise from outside sources. Because they do not pay for publicity or media coverage. As such.FASHION PUBLIC RELATIONS SPECIALIST Also called: Fashion Publicist. Fashion Media Relations Specialist Job Description: 1. PR specialists must maintain strong professional relationships with media personnel. newspapers. Public Relations (PR) Specialists must find creative ways to keep the company's brand name in the public eye. radio and direct mail.

• The market for PR specialists focused solely on fashion is growing quickly. good time management and multi-tasking skills • ability to maintain an even temperament under stress. • In addition to working on staff for design houses and retailers. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Knowledge of journalistic basics including proper news release formats • excellent written and oral communication and presentation skills • good interpersonal skills.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. PR specialists often move into more senior PR Coordinator positions. Career Path: Promotions Assistant > Public Relations Specialist > Public Relations Coordinator > Director of Public Relations 37 . After 3-5 years of experience in the field. PR specialists may also work at PR firms that handle work for a variety of clients.

specialty boutiques. Fashion Producer Job Description: 1. clothing and accessories). 2.. Editors may specialize in apparel. Due to the deadline-driven nature of their work. Fashion editors supervise the process of creating. newspaper sections. Editors occupy the mid to highest-level positions at publications 3. 38 . New York. London. and so on. websites. photo shoots. accessories.FASHION EDITOR Also called: Apparel Editor. Accessories Editor.g. beauty and make-up. 5. editors are often required to travel to keep up with the latest fashion trends through meetings with designers and visits to fashion shows throughout the world (e. developing and presenting content for fashionspecific magazines. Some fashion editors choose to freelance. they are responsible for deciding the creative influence and direction that their departments will pursue during a given season or issue. both salaried and freelance editors should enjoy a fastpaced environment. or television shows. Under guidance of the editor-in-chief. retail stores. Paris. and vintage clothing stores 6. working on a per-contract basis and assuming all of the costs of the fashion shoot (e.g. 4. and Milan). In addition..

Outlook: • Employment of editors and writers is expected to increase 10% to 20% between 2002 and 2012 • There are a variety of outlets in which prospective editors may seek employment including but not limited to: fashion magazines. fashion sections of news. etc. • Growth in any of these sectors means an increased demand for experienced writers and editors. entertainment and lifestyle magazines. aspiring editors must be creative. newspapers. excellent interpersonal and management skills • competitive spirit • ability to perform well under stress. • Once in the system. Career Path: Associate Editor > Editor > Senior Editor > Editor-in-Chief Famous Fashion Editor-in-Chiefs: Anna Wintour: Vogue Magazine Cindi Leive: Glamour Magazine Robbie Myers: Elle Magazine 39 . opportunities for advancement become more readily available. hard working and willing to start at the bottom and take opportunities as they arise. broad knowledge of fashion industry trends and forecasts • excellent writing/journalistic talent with the ability to communicate effectively and clearly • great organization and planning skills. television shows. websites. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Passion for fashion. • Because competition for these jobs is fierce.

films. well-trained and skilled illustrators are sought by employers like pattern companies and fashion forecast firms. 2. full-time jobs are often available with clothing catalog firms. for whom photographs will not suffice. there are still opportunities for fashion illustration and fashion artist jobs. and accessories for fashion advertisements. or department store. Outlook: • Many of the jobs once performed exclusively by fashion illustrators are now also done by fashion photographers. high level of creativity and artistic expression.g. 3. Fashion illustrations are used in newspaper and magazine advertising layouts. however. and flyers. television commercials. catalogues. Professional fashion artists may work on a freelance basis for an advertising agency. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent computer skills. shoes. or out of their own studio.. ability for self-promotion. basic business know-how. exceptional drawing skills. department store ads. Fashion illustrators conceptualize and create sketches and drawings of apparel. particularly with CAD software. Career Path: Fashion Illustrator Freelance > Staff Fashion Illustrator 40 . direct mail catalogs. • For example. computer aided design/CAD). • In addition. manufacturer.FASHION IILUSTRATOR Also called: Fashion Artist Job Description: 1. brochures. and other media either by hand or use special computer software programs (e.

advertising.GRAPHIC DESIGNER Also called: Graphic Artist Job Description: 1. or may decide to open their own graphic design firm and hire other designers. and turnover in top positions. • Faster than average growth is projected for graphic designers in the coming years thanks to the growth of the Internet and the increase in competition among apparel designers and manufacturers. graphic design firm. and many other types of materials. • Success for graphic designers is usually based on creativity and design sense. business acumen. Outlook: • Good to Excellent. In large agencies. color and design. ability to collaborate other professionals. book covers. Personal Characteristics/Skills . Career Path: Paste-up Artist > Graphic Designer > Art Director > Creative Director 41 . creativity and imagination. or out of their own studio. attention to detail. variety and length of experience. as a freelance designer. 2. for various fashion businesses. including business cards and stationary. Graphic Designers design and prepare camera-ready copy for any type of printed material. good computer skills. brochures. Graphic designers may work for an advertising agency. they work on a team with the Art Director and Creative Director in order to conceptualize and create specific designs to be approved by their client.Good sense of style. fashion magazine. ability to tolerate criticism. • Those who fit the bill may progress to become art directors or creative directors. packaging.

and fashion houses to conceptualize. In addition to taking pictures. develop. Catalogue Photographer. shoot. Magazine Photographer Job Description: 1. and print still photos and/or videos to show off clothes and accessories in a creative manner that catches the eye of consumers. Fashion photographers either freelance or are employed by catalogs. Professional fashion photographers must have a good eye for style and beauty and be skilled at working with models to achieve & capture the best possible poses and photos. photographers may also be responsible for scouting locations and hiring models and personnel for the photo shoot 42 . 3. magazines.FASHION PHOTOGRAPHER Also called: Photographer. 2. Web sites.

Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Artistic and creative expression • thorough knowledge of the technical and aesthetic aspects of photography.Outlook: • Competition for jobs in magazine and commercial photography is stiff. • With experience comes more opportunity. composition. increased use of the Internet may spur further growth in fashion photography. Helmut Newton. Mario Sorrenti 43 . S • starting as an assistant or an apprentice is one way to get a foot in the door. Mario Testino. Michael Thompson. ability to promote oneself • knowledge of trends in both photography and fashion industry. darkroom procedures. Career Path: Photographer's Assistant > Staff/Freelance Photographer > Photo Editor > Director of Photography Famous Fashion Photographers: Richard Avedon. • However. solid interpersonal skills to communicate with models and convey your ideas. Patrick Demarchelier. and aspiring fashion photographers may outnumber the available assignments. and special characteristics of films and paper • good business and networking skills. and those who can develop a solid portfolio (body of work) may attain full-time staff positions or set up their own studios and work with more exclusive or well-known fashion clients. Steven Meisel. lighting. including camera operations. as Web sites look to continuously refresh their content.

Other Fashion Careers 44 .

for everything from newspapers ads to strutting the catwalk in Milan or Paris 45 .positions with high-end department stores and private clients • and modeling work .Other fashion career opportunities include --- • costume design . film and theater productions • personal stylist .for TV.

46 . 2. 4. time period and setting in which the action occurs. They work primarily for motion pictures. costume designers must get a feel for the mood. A good costume designer plays a big part in character or time period to vivid life on stage or screen. television. 3. Costume Designers research and design for authentic period. concerts and stage companies. create sketches of costumes. With any given project.COSTUME DESIGNER Also called: Theatrical Designer Job Description: 1. and develop costume budgets for the entire production. country or social class costumes. They do research.

experience. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Creativity.Outlook: • Employment opportunities for costume designers depends largely upon the Entertainment Industry. and a little luck. knowledge of fashion history and art history • as well as general world history • good research skills • technical skill in designing and dressmaking • ability to work and collaborate with other professionals • ability to handle stress from deadlines. • As demand for movies and theater grow and the productions themselves become increasingly rich in design and costume. University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer. perseverance.often as unpaid volunteers in college productions. Broadway/OffBroadway Productions > Costume Designer. Television and Film 47 . • With the right skills. demand for costume designers should follow. this hard work should enable the designer to land a higher-paying job in the television and film industries. • Aspiring costume designers usually start as assistants . Career Path: Design Assistant. University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer.

• Some lucky stylists work exclusively with high-profile celebrities in the sports and entertainment industries where a client's everyday look or image is often more important than how they look while they work. lifestyle. knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts. great presentation and oral communication skills. 2. friendly and tactful.PERSONAL STYLIST Also called: Wardrobe Consultant. Personal stylists may often shop for their clients and pick out items that suit their image. Personal stylists work with individuals or companies to educate clients about general fashion apparel and accessories. good listener. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Related Fashion Position > Personal Stylist 48 . Consultants make an evaluation of their clients' physical attributes. business savvy. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent fashion sense. personal shoppers and merchandise buyers can gain credentials to work as independent consultants. ability to promote oneself. 3. and fashion style in order to make recommendations on which fashion choices will help the client achieve and maintain their desired image. • Personal stylists may give classes for small groups or run seminars for a client company. • With enough experience. Outlook: • Aspiring stylists should first get some experience in fashion retail positions. enjoy shopping. Personal Shopper Job Description: 1. good networking skills.

retail stores. Cindy Crawford. Models work with clothing. good people skills. Others work mainly pose for still photographs used in print ads. formal fashion show procedures and the use of cosmetics. many people aspire to become models and the competition is healthy. make-up. Tyra Banks. brochures and catalogs. Print Model Job Description: 1. self-discipline. and Laetitia Casta. those who succeed often segue into careers in fashion and entertainment.FASHION MODEL Also called: Fashion Model. Karolina Kurkova. Naomi Campbell. Personal Characteristics/Skills photogenic and physically attractive with height. persuading people to buy the products they advertise. custom salons or specialty stores. 3. which is more theatrical. Famous Supermodels: Kate Moss. Outlook: • Demand for both male models and models who are representative of diverse racial and ethnic groups should rise higher than average for all models. excellent fashion style. • Yet. They may model in showrooms. Christie Brinkley. Models try to convey an idea by their appearance. Career Path: Print Model > Runway Model > Supermodel 49 . weight and body measurements falling within certain industry standards. familiarity with different modeling techniques. Runway Model. 2. Others work in fashion show modeling. and costume accessories in a variety of poses and settings. Adriana Lima. • Like most glamorous and high status careers. Heidi Klum. a positive attitude.

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