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• Fashion Design Production Fashion Designer • Fashion Accessory Designer Marketing/Merchandising Fashion Merchandiser Fashion Buyer Fashion Sales Rep Fashion Coordinator Showroom Sales Rep Retail Merchandiser Product Manager Clothing Patternmaker Visual Merchandiser Retail Store Manager Pattern Grader Boutique Owner
• Fashion Media & Promotions Fashion Writer Fashion Stylist Fashion PR Specialist Fashion Editor Fashion Illustrator Graphic Designer Fashion Photographer
• Other Fashion Careers Costume Designer Personal Stylist Model
Fashion Design Production
• Fashion and accessory designers use their knowledge of design principles, techniques, and tools to create sketches and models of original garments, shoes, handbags and other fashion accessories. • They often specialize in a particular facet of clothing design, such as men's, women's, children's wear, or lingerie. • While some fashion designers control the entire design and marketing process, others use the services of patternmakers to create original textiles and trimmings, production managers to oversee the actual creation of the fashion line, and fashion merchandisers to introduce and establish the designs in the fashion marketplace.
or denims. kids. 2. More experienced designers may be required to travel to promote their fashion lines. and promote a finished. 7. men. haute couturiers. bridal. and fashion studios. 5 . Fashion designers usually specialize in a specific line of clothing such as women. baby outfits. an example being tailors who produce custom designs for weddings and other special events. ready-to-wear product for apparel manufacturers. Potential employers include retailers. or individual jobs. 6. such as tshirts. maternity clothes. Fashion design is a demanding and unpredictable job with long hours. They analyze fashion trends and work closely with production. shows. and individual clients.FASHION DESIGNER Alternate Titles: Clothes Designer. Apparel Designer Job Description: 1. In larger fashion houses. especially when deadlines approach for launches. evening dresses. textile and apparel manufacturers. marketing. sportswear etc. individual designers may work in very specialized areas. maternity. 5. specialty and retail stores. produce. 3. and sales departments to design. Fashion designers conceptualize and create new clothing. 4.
computer assisted design) knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts knowledge of manufacturing and production process ability to deal with ambiguity and rejection and to handle stress due to deadlines good business and marketing skills. Expect long hours in the beginning and be prepared for seasonal slowdowns. Career Path: Design Assistant > Assistant Designer > Associate Designer > Fashion Director • • • • • • • 6 . and the population is growing. Personal Characteristics and Skillsability to discriminate between colors and judge fabric quality & a good eye for style. which creates more overall demand for clothing and accessories. drawing and sketching skills computer skills (especially with the use of CAD . and color above-average ability for sewing skills. shape.Outlook: • • Demand for fashion designers will remain strong as consumers constantly seek new styles and fashion.
Accessory designers must always stay in touch not only with trends in their own specialties. gloves. 7 . brides. 3. 2. hats. kids.ACCESSORY DESIGNER Also called: Jewelry Designer. in order to react to create pieces that complement the new hot styles in the market. ties. be it men. Job Description: 1. women. as well as the customers for whom they design these accessories. Handbag Designer. moms. Accessory designers conceptualize and create designs for jewelry. etc. and so on. handbags. shoes. Accessory designers usually specialize in a specific line of accessories. but also within apparel and fabric markets. belts. to go with clothing. Shoe Designer. etc.
etc) • persistence and determination. drawing and sketching skills • knowledge of and ability to react to current fashion trends • knowledge of manufacturing and production process • ability to keep production within a tight budget. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • above average ability for creative expression • technical skill in working with materials required for the chosen specialty (such as metal and semi-precious stones for jewelry designers.Outlook: • • Accessory design is a highly competitive field that requires a lot of selfmotivation. Few staff positions are available. ability to work independently. handle stress due to deadlines Career Path: Design Assistant/ Freelance Accessory Designer > Associate Staff Accessory Designer > Accessory Designs Director 8 . so most accessory designers work independently.
Apparel Merchandiser Job Description: 1. Merchandisers are some of the most powerful employees within an apparel company. production costs. 3. 2. and previous sales numbers to determine the product direction that the manufacturers will take each season. Fashion merchandising professionals on the retail side are responsible for determining store inventory and to price clothes (MPR) 4. A fashion merchandiser needs to be one of the first in the industry to spot the trend. 9 . They may also be responsible for tracking profits and losses.FASHION MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandiser. Fashion merchandisers on the apparel production side track and analyze market trends. 5. and have large personnel management responsibilities.
decisive. calm under pressure. there are a number of merchandiser positions open • Those who have the business acumen and good fashion judgment to achieve and maintain profitability in their sector could advance high up the executive ladder. well-organized. Career Path: Fashion Buyer > Merchandising Assistant > Merchandiser > Merchandising Director 10 . Personal Characteristics and Skills – • extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends • highly analytical with strong math skills • ability to predict and create fashion trends • ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions. detail oriented. • ability to work with other executives.Outlook: • Every apparel maker needs at least one fashion merchandiser. As a result.
assist in solving problems the customer may have with the product. and even help the customer sell more of the product by arranging special events like trunk shows and in-store fashion shows featuring their products. illustrations. Apparel Sales Representative Job Description: 1.FASHION SALES REPRESENTATIVE Also called: Manufacturer's Representative. They listen to their customers concerns about the product. sometimes internationally. 5. 11 . 4. They show samples. and must be able to answer any questions regarding the products. 3. This is a position that requires a good deal of travel. Sales representatives usually solicit orders from new and prospective customers within a designated geographical area. and catalogs of their manufacturer's product line. Fashion Sales Representatives sell a manufacturer's garments and accessories to Fashion Buyers from wholesale and retail stores. 2.
Personal Characteristics/Skills – • highly competitive • belief in the product and ability to maintain enthusiasm for it • excellent communication skills .Outlook: • Good to Excellent. with additional positions available overseas. • Higher than average growth within the US is projected in this sector. • Often the key to getting a job is the willingness and flexibility to travel to remote locations. Career Path: Showroom Sales Representative/Assistant > Sales Representative > Sales Manager > Regional Sales Manager > National Sales Manager > VP Sales 12 .both written and oral • establish good relationships with customers • self-motivated with good follow-through skills • ability to deal with rejection and remain upbeat • knowledge of fashion industry trends and manufacturer's competitors.
Showroom Representative Job Description: 1. Once they convince the Fashion Buyer to purchase the manufacturer's products. Career Path: Showroom Sales Assistant > Showroom Sales Representative > Showroom Sales Manager 13 .SHOWROOM SALES REPRESENTATIVES Also called: Showroom Salesperson. friendly. 2. advancement is a good possibility. they are responsible for accurately taking the Fashion Buyers order. outgoing. Showroom sales reps should expect to work additional long hours during the four to six market weeks or fashion weeks each year. where they meet with visiting Fashion Buyers and show the latest product line. excellent communication and presentation skills. Outlook: • Good to Excellent. college graduates with good communication skills and the right personality have a good chance of being hired. They work at manufacturers and/or designers offices. knowledge of manufacturing and retail sectors of the fashion industry.enthusiastic. Personal Characteristics/Skills . They must then make sure that the right quantity of the right product reaches their customers' stores at the right time and in saleable condition. 4. • Although a showroom sales rep is a fairly competitive position. 3. • With enough experience and some additional education or training. good listener. good organizational and computer skills.
2. ability to work with other executives. 4. extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends. decisive. They are also responsible for overseeing the set-up and implementation of quality assurance protocols for their product. Outlook: • Employment is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012. construction. • Most aspiring product managers must work up to this senior level. Product Managers usually handle a specific product. calm under pressure. This is a fairly senior position within a manufacturer's organization. they can be promoted into an executive leadership position. ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions. design. usually starting at an analyst or assistant position. selling and distribution of a manufacturer or designer's products.highly analytical with strong math skills. • As product managers gain extensive experience and knowledge of the manufacturer's operations. Product Managers are responsible for overseeing the conceptualization. or product line. well-organized.PRODUCT MANAGER Also called: Product Development Manager Job Description: 1. Career Path: Market Analyst > Merchandiser > Product Manager > Director of Product Management 14 . 3. detail oriented. Personal Characteristics/Skills .
• There should be opportunities either working for designers. Fabric Patternmaker Job Description: 1. Clothing patternmakers make full-size paper or fiberboard patterns for clothing.great technical skills with an ability to use drafting tools (calipers. and sketches. • As styles become more complicated. Outlook: • Pattern makers are very important to designers and fashion houses. expertise with body proportions. good communication skills.CLOTHING PATTERN MAKER Also called: Pattern Maker. 15 . 2. yet the number of people entering the trade has declined. Career Path: Fabric Cutter/Grader > Patternmaker > Assistant Designer > Designer. ability to visualize the finished garment from a designers drawings. 3.computer assisted drawing). detail oriented. Patternmakers use their expertise in body proportions and knowledge of fabric to translate the designer's apparel sketches into its various pattern pieces. understanding of apparel manufacturing process. Apparel Patternmaker. patternmakers often act as liaisons between the design and manufacturing groups. designs. Because of their understanding of the technical aspect of a design. Personal Characteristics/Skills . straight and curved rules). pattern makers are vital to the success of a design. manufacturers or as freelancers. good computer skills (specifically with CAD programs . squares. Alternatively Patternmakers may be promoted into Manufacturing/Production Management positions.
In general. good drafting and math skills. ability to do precise manual work. Career Path: Pattern Grading Assistant > Pattern Grader > Patternmaker > Production Manager 16 . anyone starting as a pattern grader should have opportunities to progress on the road to becoming production managers. but may also work for firms that specialize in pattern grading (such as an outsourcing provider).PATTERN GRADER Also called: Grader Job Description: 1. • With the right attitude. Pattern graders are responsible for reducing or enlarging a pattern created by a patternmaker order to produce clothes across a range of sizes (S. or computer programs in their work. petite). especially through turnover or attrition. machinery. 2. L. analytical and problem-solving skills. M.Understanding of apparel construction and manufacturing and patternmaking. technical expertise and experience. ability to manage deadlines and multiple projects. pattern grading is considered more of a technically oriented career than patternmaking or designing. Pattern graders may use charts. • Pattern graders may work directly for design houses or manufacturers. Outlook: • Opportunities for pattern graders are available. etc) and fits (tall. Personal Characteristics/Skills .
Fashion Marketing/Merchandising 17 .
they promote fashion with advertising and visual marketing campaigns. 18 . The fashion merchandising field includes jobs in both retail and wholesale sales.Fashion Marketing/Merchandising • They are responsible for identifying and creating fashion trends to sell the products created by fashion designers. Drawing on their knowledge of consumer psychology and trends.
Buyers must also be good at budgeting and planning inventory so that a good selection of clothing is always available for customers. Fashion buyers use their sense of style. Buyers often make their purchases of apparel and accessories from manufacturers.. 4. knowledge of fashion trends. 3.g. so it is important for fashion buyers to be able to understand past. Buyers for larger department stores usually specialize in a specific line of clothes or accessories (e. or wholesalers for the retailers or departmental stores 1 or 2 seasons in advance. and future fashion trends. Buyer Job Description: 1. designers. and understanding of their target customers' desires to create an attractive selection of apparel for retail stores. 2. men's suits or women's denim) 19 . present.FASHION BUYER Also called: Apparel Buyer.
Career Path: Assistant Fashion Buyer > Fashion Buyer > Divisional Merchandise Manager 20 .Outlook: • Good to Excellent. but new positions become available as a result of internal promotions of experienced buyers. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Fashion buyers must be fashion-lovers with knowledge of fashion history and trends • good analytical skills • good negotiation abilities • flexible work attitude • excellent budgeting and planning skills • inventory management skills • ability to deal well with deadlines and stress. • Advancement opportunities are good: Those who start at the assistant buyer level have a good chance of becoming full-fledged buyers within 3 to 5 years. • The overall number of fashion buyer positions available is expected to decrease.
3. They are constantly monitoring industry publications and talking to designers in order to understand industry trends and keep up with the latest in fabric and textile development. or fashion magazine. Additional responsibilities of a fashion coordinator may include organizing fashion parades. and serving as a middleman with fabric mills. designs. 4. Long hours and frequent travel are part of the job. 6. design house. Fashion directors need to assess the potential success of a garment or clothing line and determine the best plan for promotion and marketing. 2.CO-ORDINATOR Also called: Fashion Director Job Description: 1. suppliers. Fashion Coordinators are responsible for creating a unified look and feel across all fashion divisions of a department store. supervising fashion photography shoots for promotions. and textiles are according to plan. 5. Fashion coordinators then share their analyses with retail salespeople and/or editors to guide them in making customer recommendations. and wholesalers to ensure that things are on schedule and colors. 21 . and they also share their analysis with buyers to guide them in making inventory purchases.
in-depth understanding of consumer behavior • an interest in artistic and creative pursuits.Outlook: • Fair to Great. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • excellent understanding of fashion (e.. negotiation. great networking skills • great organizational skills • excellent communication. and presentation skills. fabrics. design houses. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Assistant Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Director 22 .) • knowledge and understanding of fashion trends • a flair for style.g. judgment. these are available in areas like fashion magazines. etc. • There are only a limited number of Fashion Coordinator positions available since it is a high-level position. styles. cuts. colors. and department stores. • However.
Personal Characteristics/Skills – Exceptional analytical skills. visit manufacturers. pricing. competitors. highly organized. strong time management skills. 6. They work with a team of buyers and managers to decide the most effective way to sell their products including advertising and display of merchandise & on how and where best to position and place merchandise. in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion marketplace. Long hours and plenty of travel are often part of the job. Career Path: Buyers > Associate Merchandising Manager > Merchandise Manager > General Merchandising Manager 23 . Merchandisers may also specialize in a specific line of clothing. expertise in planning. Retail Merchandisers select. division or chain. promote and sell clothing and accessories for a retail store. 4. 3. forecasting. They study fashion trends. product development and sales. 5. designers. They may also be responsible for organizing and coordinating promotional activities like fashion shows. purchase.RETAIL MERCHANDISER Also called: Merchandise Manager. designers and merchandise markets. and make fashion forecasts basted on the information they collect. Like Fashion Buyers. Fashion Merchandiser Job Description: 1. department. consumers. Outlook: Good to Excellent. manufacturers and products. great leadership and management skills. 2.
Visual Merchandisers may provide input or oversee the design and layout of a store or department. and implementing window and instore displays for both online and brick and mortar retail stores. (2) increase customer traffic in the store. or sold. In larger department stores or retail chains. and seasonal factors. 5. designing.g. and any other areas where the store's apparel and accessories are displayed. In addition to drawing on their knowledge of customer tendencies when designing their displays. such as holidays (e. and (3) guide their customers' browsing through merchandise placement and store layout to result in an eventual sale. tradeshow displays. fashion showrooms.VISUAL MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandise Display Artist. 4. 24 . 6. Christmas and Valentine's Day). Visual Display Artists take into account current fashions and trends. Visual Merchandisers coordinate with the head office and other design teams (including buyers and sales staff) to ensure consistency with the corporate brand or image.. promotions. Their mail goals are: (1) create and maintain an image for a department or store that resonates with their target customers. 3. 2. Visual Display Designer Job Description: 1. promoted. Visual Merchandisers must combine their creativity and artistic flair with technical know-how to set up displays that maximize the space of the store while effectively catching the eye and appealing to the senses of their target customers. Visual Merchandisers are responsible for conceptualizing.
props. It is also important to have the ability to work well with others. building stet. Technical and design expertise (e.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. or they may be promoted to managerial positions of greater responsibilities.store customer traffic and therefore their bottom lines. 2.g. skilled Visual Merchandisers have become more sought after. Creativity is key with an above-average ability for artistic expression. • In the coming years. Personal Characteristics and Skills: 1. • Experienced Visual Merchandisers who have a proven track record of creating great displays may have the option of joining or starting their own firms specializing in visual merchandising for retailers. setting up proper lighting. • Now that retailers have realized the positive impact that displays can have on their in. Career Path: Visual Merchandising Assistant > Visual Merchandiser > Visual Merchandising Coordinator > Visual Merchandising Director 25 . etc) is helpful. as well as knowledge of fashion and art/design industry trends and forecasts. Visual Merchandiser jobs are projected to grow at a pace higher than the national average.
store managers do or at least are involved in some manner in everything from approving visual displays and print or television advertisements. weekends. and as such must have the right combination of fashion industry knowledge. 4. business acumen. Working long hours. Retail store managers are very high-level employees who are responsible for overseeing all aspects of a store's operations. Depending on the size of a store. They are ultimately responsible for the store's bottom line. Department Store Manager Job Description: 1. training. and interpersonal skills to keep their stores profitable.RETAIL STORE MANAGER Also called: Store Manager. 26 . to hiring. 2. ordering a store's merchandise inventory. setting up pricing policies. 3. firing and promoting employees. evenings and holidays are often part of the job.
Job stability for Retail Store Managers is now more than ever determined by the store's ongoing profitability. accounting. The growth of national chains has created more jobs at companies (instead of small retail stores) and thus created a career development path for many aspiring managers. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • interpersonal and management skills • highly organized • detail oriented yet constantly thinking of the big picture • good business skills particularly in marketing. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Associate Manager > Store Manager > Department Store Manager 27 . Candidates with retail experience will have the the best opportunity for jobs as store managers. sales and management.Outlook: Employment for retail store managers / supervisors is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012.
Owner Job Description: 1. 28 . tuxedos. novelty items. 3. dresses. Their stores often target a specific customer profile and often carry a specific mix of clothing and/or apparel designers that appeal to this demographic. One could start a fashion boutique in one of the following areas: sportswear.BOUTIQUE OWNER Also called: Specialty Store Owner. T-shirts. shoes. and more. sunglasses. handbags. vintage. 2. Successful boutique owners are very entrepreneurial-minded and driven people who use a combination of savvy business skills and in-depth knowledge of the fashion retail industry to make a profit. watches. 4. setting up the in-store displays and managing employees. beachwear. Boutique owners must be jacks of all trades as they typically oversee all aspects of a boutiques operations from planning and purchasing their inventory. accessories. lingerie.
Outlook: • Being a small business owner is a dream for many people. or if they have created a strong enough brand. and the value of being one's own boss cannot be underestimated. • Setting up a boutique usually requires obtaining a bank loan or drawing from personal savings to cover initial investments. sell franchises for subsequent locations. • Once the store is profitable. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Retail Manager > Boutique Owner 29 . owners can go on to open additional stores. excellent time management and communication skills. • Often. Accounting. including trends and forecasts • flexible. Sales and Management • in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion retail marketplace. multi-tasking capabilities. successful owners are those who can attract investors with a solid business plan and operational structure. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • entrepreneurial and risk-taking personality • solid business background in fields such as Marketing.
Fashion Media & Promotions 30 .
and stylists are often employed by catalogs and magazines. and other media outlets to keep consumers up-to-date on style trends. web sites. • Fashion writers and editors are employed by newspapers. 31 . • Fashion photographs. illustrators. magazines.Fashion Media & Promotions • The fashion industry offers a number of opportunities for creative professionals who aren't attracted to the design side.
they are pitched to chief editors or other fashion media buyers like Vogue or Cosmo. 3. but for those who specialize in areas like designer collection reviews.g. who together dig up their own stories e. Talented fashion editors tend to partner with photographers. celebrities and others who make up fashion's inner circle. Fashion Critic.FASHION WRITER Also called: Fashion Journalist. Most draw upon their personal interest and incorporate their own personality into stories to make their pieces fun. Fashion Reporter Job Description: 1. Fashion writers produce editorial copy for media outlets such as fashion magazines. 32 . The majority of the industry's fashion writers work within editorial departments of fashion design firms. After developing these stories behind the scenes. 5. Like all journalists. and of course for television. submitting articles on a freelance basis is often the preferred career direction. 2. formal portraits of designers. interesting and engaging to readers. fashion reporters must do thorough research and/or conduct interviews when preparing articles. 4. newspapers. editors.. models. fashion / design websites or blogs..
textiles.. • Two thirds of the nations working fashion editors will reside in either New York or California (US Dept of Labor). attention to detail.g. designers. historical trends. fabrics and business are also important. • A love of fashion and knowledge about the industry. spelling and grammar). • The fashion writing industry can be extremely competitive. Personal Characteristics . Skills – • Excellent English communication and writing skills (e. Freelance fashion writers must have persistence and perseverance and be good at marketing their work Career Path: Editorial Assistant > Staff Fashion Writer > Fashion Editor 33 .Outlook: • National employment demand for all fashion journalists and writers is expected to grow through 2014.Good interpersonal communication skills are needed for interviews and dealing with editors. and superior research and fact-checking skills are essential.
and even models to fit the theme of the shoot. Stylists may also be employed by agents. and music production companies often employ fashion stylists. 34 . Fashion stylists are responsible for bringing to life a photographer or director's vision for a fashion photo shoot. Many stylists also choose to run their own businesses. newspapers. retailers. etc. accessories. 2. fashions. They coordinate colors and styles and ensure that all clothes are ready for the shoot. television and film production houses. layout. which can include basic tasks such as steaming and ironing garments. 5. or wealthy clients as wardrobe consultants to help them prepare for major events or appearances. celebrities.FASHION STYLIST Job Description: 1. 3. advertising agencies. catalog publishers. Fashion stylists often scout locations. commercial. create the mood for the shoot by selecting and setting up the appropriate props. 4. Companies such as magazines. music video. print advertisement. public relations firms.
clients usually hire stylists they have used in the past or those who have proven success in the business. • In addition. budgets. Career Path: Intern/Stylist's Apprentice > Assistant Fashion Stylist > Staff Fashion Stylist Famous Fashion Stylists: Jeff Ihenando: Stylist for supermodels Kate Moss. ability to market oneself • savvy business skills to deal with invoicing. bills. Kylie Minogue.Outlook: • Aspiring fashion stylists should expect to work their way to the top. Mischa Barton. good interpersonal and networking skills • persistence and self-motivation. etc. creativity and resourcefulness • broad knowledge of fashion history. Naomi Campbell Rachel Zoe: Celebrity clients include Nichole Richie. Personal Characteristics and Skills – • eye for style. Keira Knightly Wardrobe stylist for Madonna. stylists who maintain a good professional reputation can expect plenty of repeat business and often take advantage of this by setting up their own independent businesses. Kelly Price 35 . Libery Ross. trends and forecasts • technical know-how for setting up sets. • The most successful fashion stylists have extensive networks of contacts within the fashion industry to get the job done quickly and on budget. • Once established. Lauren Hutton.
36 . Fashion Media Relations Specialist Job Description: 1. 3. As such. Public Relations (PR) Specialists must find creative ways to keep the company's brand name in the public eye. Because they do not pay for publicity or media coverage. 4. radio and direct mail. Fashion Public Relations Specialists and Publicists help apparel companies and retail stores build and maintain a favorable public image. 2. newspapers. PR specialists must maintain strong professional relationships with media personnel.FASHION PUBLIC RELATIONS SPECIALIST Also called: Fashion Publicist. They are also responsible for interacting with media when questions or crises arise from outside sources. PR specialists select information that they want to share with the public and write up press releases or conduct press conferences to distribute the news through television.
good time management and multi-tasking skills • ability to maintain an even temperament under stress. Career Path: Promotions Assistant > Public Relations Specialist > Public Relations Coordinator > Director of Public Relations 37 . PR specialists may also work at PR firms that handle work for a variety of clients. PR specialists often move into more senior PR Coordinator positions. • In addition to working on staff for design houses and retailers. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Knowledge of journalistic basics including proper news release formats • excellent written and oral communication and presentation skills • good interpersonal skills.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. • The market for PR specialists focused solely on fashion is growing quickly. After 3-5 years of experience in the field.
Some fashion editors choose to freelance. Accessories Editor. or television shows. and so on. both salaried and freelance editors should enjoy a fastpaced environment.. Fashion editors supervise the process of creating. 5.. beauty and make-up. working on a per-contract basis and assuming all of the costs of the fashion shoot (e. In addition. editors are often required to travel to keep up with the latest fashion trends through meetings with designers and visits to fashion shows throughout the world (e. accessories. and Milan). retail stores. 38 . developing and presenting content for fashionspecific magazines.FASHION EDITOR Also called: Apparel Editor. they are responsible for deciding the creative influence and direction that their departments will pursue during a given season or issue. New York. Under guidance of the editor-in-chief. clothing and accessories).g. newspaper sections. and vintage clothing stores 6. Editors occupy the mid to highest-level positions at publications 3.g. photo shoots. websites. Paris. specialty boutiques. London. Editors may specialize in apparel. 4. 2. Due to the deadline-driven nature of their work. Fashion Producer Job Description: 1.
• Once in the system. newspapers. • Growth in any of these sectors means an increased demand for experienced writers and editors. opportunities for advancement become more readily available. excellent interpersonal and management skills • competitive spirit • ability to perform well under stress. websites. etc. hard working and willing to start at the bottom and take opportunities as they arise. television shows. Career Path: Associate Editor > Editor > Senior Editor > Editor-in-Chief Famous Fashion Editor-in-Chiefs: Anna Wintour: Vogue Magazine Cindi Leive: Glamour Magazine Robbie Myers: Elle Magazine 39 . aspiring editors must be creative. entertainment and lifestyle magazines.Outlook: • Employment of editors and writers is expected to increase 10% to 20% between 2002 and 2012 • There are a variety of outlets in which prospective editors may seek employment including but not limited to: fashion magazines. fashion sections of news. • Because competition for these jobs is fierce. broad knowledge of fashion industry trends and forecasts • excellent writing/journalistic talent with the ability to communicate effectively and clearly • great organization and planning skills. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Passion for fashion.
Fashion illustrators conceptualize and create sketches and drawings of apparel. catalogues. Outlook: • Many of the jobs once performed exclusively by fashion illustrators are now also done by fashion photographers. Professional fashion artists may work on a freelance basis for an advertising agency.. ability for self-promotion. well-trained and skilled illustrators are sought by employers like pattern companies and fashion forecast firms.g. Career Path: Fashion Illustrator Freelance > Staff Fashion Illustrator 40 . shoes. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent computer skills. Fashion illustrations are used in newspaper and magazine advertising layouts. computer aided design/CAD). exceptional drawing skills. high level of creativity and artistic expression. there are still opportunities for fashion illustration and fashion artist jobs. • For example. and flyers. films. and other media either by hand or use special computer software programs (e.FASHION IILUSTRATOR Also called: Fashion Artist Job Description: 1. and accessories for fashion advertisements. department store ads. direct mail catalogs. full-time jobs are often available with clothing catalog firms. or department store. 3. manufacturer. basic business know-how. television commercials. for whom photographs will not suffice. brochures. particularly with CAD software. 2. or out of their own studio. however. • In addition.
color and design. graphic design firm. they work on a team with the Art Director and Creative Director in order to conceptualize and create specific designs to be approved by their client. In large agencies. 2. Personal Characteristics/Skills . including business cards and stationary. or may decide to open their own graphic design firm and hire other designers. for various fashion businesses. and many other types of materials. ability to collaborate other professionals. • Success for graphic designers is usually based on creativity and design sense. packaging. book covers. Outlook: • Good to Excellent. variety and length of experience. and turnover in top positions.Good sense of style. attention to detail. or out of their own studio. creativity and imagination. fashion magazine. good computer skills. business acumen. brochures. Graphic designers may work for an advertising agency. Career Path: Paste-up Artist > Graphic Designer > Art Director > Creative Director 41 . • Faster than average growth is projected for graphic designers in the coming years thanks to the growth of the Internet and the increase in competition among apparel designers and manufacturers. ability to tolerate criticism. Graphic Designers design and prepare camera-ready copy for any type of printed material. advertising. as a freelance designer. • Those who fit the bill may progress to become art directors or creative directors.GRAPHIC DESIGNER Also called: Graphic Artist Job Description: 1.
develop. Web sites. Magazine Photographer Job Description: 1. and fashion houses to conceptualize. and print still photos and/or videos to show off clothes and accessories in a creative manner that catches the eye of consumers. magazines. In addition to taking pictures. shoot. Professional fashion photographers must have a good eye for style and beauty and be skilled at working with models to achieve & capture the best possible poses and photos. 3. Catalogue Photographer. photographers may also be responsible for scouting locations and hiring models and personnel for the photo shoot 42 .FASHION PHOTOGRAPHER Also called: Photographer. Fashion photographers either freelance or are employed by catalogs. 2.
Steven Meisel. solid interpersonal skills to communicate with models and convey your ideas. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Artistic and creative expression • thorough knowledge of the technical and aesthetic aspects of photography. ability to promote oneself • knowledge of trends in both photography and fashion industry. lighting. S • starting as an assistant or an apprentice is one way to get a foot in the door.Outlook: • Competition for jobs in magazine and commercial photography is stiff. Patrick Demarchelier. • With experience comes more opportunity. and aspiring fashion photographers may outnumber the available assignments. • However. Career Path: Photographer's Assistant > Staff/Freelance Photographer > Photo Editor > Director of Photography Famous Fashion Photographers: Richard Avedon. composition. and those who can develop a solid portfolio (body of work) may attain full-time staff positions or set up their own studios and work with more exclusive or well-known fashion clients. Mario Sorrenti 43 . and special characteristics of films and paper • good business and networking skills. increased use of the Internet may spur further growth in fashion photography. as Web sites look to continuously refresh their content. Mario Testino. including camera operations. Helmut Newton. darkroom procedures. Michael Thompson.
Other Fashion Careers 44 .
for TV. film and theater productions • personal stylist .for everything from newspapers ads to strutting the catwalk in Milan or Paris 45 .Other fashion career opportunities include --- • costume design .positions with high-end department stores and private clients • and modeling work .
They do research. concerts and stage companies.COSTUME DESIGNER Also called: Theatrical Designer Job Description: 1. With any given project. Costume Designers research and design for authentic period. time period and setting in which the action occurs. and develop costume budgets for the entire production. They work primarily for motion pictures. 46 . A good costume designer plays a big part in character or time period to vivid life on stage or screen. 3. 2. costume designers must get a feel for the mood. 4. create sketches of costumes. country or social class costumes. television.
experience. Television and Film 47 . knowledge of fashion history and art history • as well as general world history • good research skills • technical skill in designing and dressmaking • ability to work and collaborate with other professionals • ability to handle stress from deadlines. perseverance. • As demand for movies and theater grow and the productions themselves become increasingly rich in design and costume. and a little luck. demand for costume designers should follow. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Creativity. University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer.often as unpaid volunteers in college productions. this hard work should enable the designer to land a higher-paying job in the television and film industries. Career Path: Design Assistant. • Aspiring costume designers usually start as assistants . • With the right skills. University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer. Broadway/OffBroadway Productions > Costume Designer.Outlook: • Employment opportunities for costume designers depends largely upon the Entertainment Industry.
• Personal stylists may give classes for small groups or run seminars for a client company. Personal stylists may often shop for their clients and pick out items that suit their image. 2. Outlook: • Aspiring stylists should first get some experience in fashion retail positions. Consultants make an evaluation of their clients' physical attributes. Personal Shopper Job Description: 1. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Related Fashion Position > Personal Stylist 48 . Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent fashion sense. Personal stylists work with individuals or companies to educate clients about general fashion apparel and accessories. knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts. ability to promote oneself. • With enough experience. friendly and tactful. personal shoppers and merchandise buyers can gain credentials to work as independent consultants. lifestyle. enjoy shopping. good networking skills. • Some lucky stylists work exclusively with high-profile celebrities in the sports and entertainment industries where a client's everyday look or image is often more important than how they look while they work. good listener. great presentation and oral communication skills. business savvy. 3.PERSONAL STYLIST Also called: Wardrobe Consultant. and fashion style in order to make recommendations on which fashion choices will help the client achieve and maintain their desired image.
excellent fashion style. Tyra Banks. Models work with clothing. Outlook: • Demand for both male models and models who are representative of diverse racial and ethnic groups should rise higher than average for all models. a positive attitude. persuading people to buy the products they advertise. Famous Supermodels: Kate Moss. and costume accessories in a variety of poses and settings. Models try to convey an idea by their appearance. They may model in showrooms. Runway Model. those who succeed often segue into careers in fashion and entertainment. 3. many people aspire to become models and the competition is healthy. Others work in fashion show modeling. Print Model Job Description: 1. Heidi Klum. familiarity with different modeling techniques. Adriana Lima. 2. Others work mainly pose for still photographs used in print ads. Personal Characteristics/Skills photogenic and physically attractive with height. brochures and catalogs. Cindy Crawford. • Yet. self-discipline. weight and body measurements falling within certain industry standards. formal fashion show procedures and the use of cosmetics. retail stores. custom salons or specialty stores. Karolina Kurkova. good people skills. Christie Brinkley. which is more theatrical. Career Path: Print Model > Runway Model > Supermodel 49 . and Laetitia Casta.FASHION MODEL Also called: Fashion Model. • Like most glamorous and high status careers. make-up. Naomi Campbell.
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