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• Fashion Design Production Fashion Designer • Fashion Accessory Designer Marketing/Merchandising Fashion Merchandiser Fashion Buyer Fashion Sales Rep Fashion Coordinator Showroom Sales Rep Retail Merchandiser Product Manager Clothing Patternmaker Visual Merchandiser Retail Store Manager Pattern Grader Boutique Owner
• Fashion Media & Promotions Fashion Writer Fashion Stylist Fashion PR Specialist Fashion Editor Fashion Illustrator Graphic Designer Fashion Photographer
• Other Fashion Careers Costume Designer Personal Stylist Model
Fashion Design Production
• Fashion and accessory designers use their knowledge of design principles, techniques, and tools to create sketches and models of original garments, shoes, handbags and other fashion accessories. • They often specialize in a particular facet of clothing design, such as men's, women's, children's wear, or lingerie. • While some fashion designers control the entire design and marketing process, others use the services of patternmakers to create original textiles and trimmings, production managers to oversee the actual creation of the fashion line, and fashion merchandisers to introduce and establish the designs in the fashion marketplace.
or individual jobs. specialty and retail stores. Fashion designers usually specialize in a specific line of clothing such as women. such as tshirts. men. baby outfits. 5. 7. Fashion designers conceptualize and create new clothing. and fashion studios. evening dresses. individual designers may work in very specialized areas. 5 . maternity clothes. 6. shows. Apparel Designer Job Description: 1. In larger fashion houses. 4. especially when deadlines approach for launches.FASHION DESIGNER Alternate Titles: Clothes Designer. haute couturiers. sportswear etc. and promote a finished. More experienced designers may be required to travel to promote their fashion lines. marketing. or denims. 3. and individual clients. maternity. kids. They analyze fashion trends and work closely with production. an example being tailors who produce custom designs for weddings and other special events. ready-to-wear product for apparel manufacturers. 2. Fashion design is a demanding and unpredictable job with long hours. and sales departments to design. textile and apparel manufacturers. bridal. Potential employers include retailers. produce.
Career Path: Design Assistant > Assistant Designer > Associate Designer > Fashion Director • • • • • • • 6 .Outlook: • • Demand for fashion designers will remain strong as consumers constantly seek new styles and fashion. and the population is growing. shape. Personal Characteristics and Skillsability to discriminate between colors and judge fabric quality & a good eye for style. and color above-average ability for sewing skills. Expect long hours in the beginning and be prepared for seasonal slowdowns. drawing and sketching skills computer skills (especially with the use of CAD . which creates more overall demand for clothing and accessories.computer assisted design) knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts knowledge of manufacturing and production process ability to deal with ambiguity and rejection and to handle stress due to deadlines good business and marketing skills.
2. to go with clothing. hats. 3. 7 . Shoe Designer. kids. handbags. moms. brides. Accessory designers usually specialize in a specific line of accessories. Handbag Designer. belts. gloves. but also within apparel and fabric markets. ties. etc.ACCESSORY DESIGNER Also called: Jewelry Designer. be it men. etc. and so on. Accessory designers conceptualize and create designs for jewelry. shoes. women. Job Description: 1. as well as the customers for whom they design these accessories. Accessory designers must always stay in touch not only with trends in their own specialties. in order to react to create pieces that complement the new hot styles in the market.
Few staff positions are available. etc) • persistence and determination.Outlook: • • Accessory design is a highly competitive field that requires a lot of selfmotivation. handle stress due to deadlines Career Path: Design Assistant/ Freelance Accessory Designer > Associate Staff Accessory Designer > Accessory Designs Director 8 . ability to work independently. drawing and sketching skills • knowledge of and ability to react to current fashion trends • knowledge of manufacturing and production process • ability to keep production within a tight budget. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • above average ability for creative expression • technical skill in working with materials required for the chosen specialty (such as metal and semi-precious stones for jewelry designers. so most accessory designers work independently.
Merchandisers are some of the most powerful employees within an apparel company. 3. Fashion merchandising professionals on the retail side are responsible for determining store inventory and to price clothes (MPR) 4.FASHION MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandiser. production costs. They may also be responsible for tracking profits and losses. and previous sales numbers to determine the product direction that the manufacturers will take each season. 9 . 2. and have large personnel management responsibilities. Fashion merchandisers on the apparel production side track and analyze market trends. 5. Apparel Merchandiser Job Description: 1. A fashion merchandiser needs to be one of the first in the industry to spot the trend.
As a result. there are a number of merchandiser positions open • Those who have the business acumen and good fashion judgment to achieve and maintain profitability in their sector could advance high up the executive ladder. calm under pressure. decisive.Outlook: • Every apparel maker needs at least one fashion merchandiser. Career Path: Fashion Buyer > Merchandising Assistant > Merchandiser > Merchandising Director 10 . • ability to work with other executives. well-organized. Personal Characteristics and Skills – • extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends • highly analytical with strong math skills • ability to predict and create fashion trends • ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions. detail oriented.
and catalogs of their manufacturer's product line. Fashion Sales Representatives sell a manufacturer's garments and accessories to Fashion Buyers from wholesale and retail stores. They listen to their customers concerns about the product. and must be able to answer any questions regarding the products. 3. 2. Sales representatives usually solicit orders from new and prospective customers within a designated geographical area. assist in solving problems the customer may have with the product. sometimes internationally. and even help the customer sell more of the product by arranging special events like trunk shows and in-store fashion shows featuring their products. illustrations.FASHION SALES REPRESENTATIVE Also called: Manufacturer's Representative. They show samples. Apparel Sales Representative Job Description: 1. 5. This is a position that requires a good deal of travel. 4. 11 .
• Often the key to getting a job is the willingness and flexibility to travel to remote locations. • Higher than average growth within the US is projected in this sector.both written and oral • establish good relationships with customers • self-motivated with good follow-through skills • ability to deal with rejection and remain upbeat • knowledge of fashion industry trends and manufacturer's competitors. with additional positions available overseas.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • highly competitive • belief in the product and ability to maintain enthusiasm for it • excellent communication skills . Career Path: Showroom Sales Representative/Assistant > Sales Representative > Sales Manager > Regional Sales Manager > National Sales Manager > VP Sales 12 .
good organizational and computer skills. college graduates with good communication skills and the right personality have a good chance of being hired.enthusiastic. They work at manufacturers and/or designers offices. advancement is a good possibility. Showroom sales reps should expect to work additional long hours during the four to six market weeks or fashion weeks each year. • Although a showroom sales rep is a fairly competitive position. excellent communication and presentation skills. Once they convince the Fashion Buyer to purchase the manufacturer's products.SHOWROOM SALES REPRESENTATIVES Also called: Showroom Salesperson. Outlook: • Good to Excellent. good listener. they are responsible for accurately taking the Fashion Buyers order. friendly. Personal Characteristics/Skills . 2. 4. They must then make sure that the right quantity of the right product reaches their customers' stores at the right time and in saleable condition. Career Path: Showroom Sales Assistant > Showroom Sales Representative > Showroom Sales Manager 13 . where they meet with visiting Fashion Buyers and show the latest product line. 3. • With enough experience and some additional education or training. knowledge of manufacturing and retail sectors of the fashion industry. outgoing. Showroom Representative Job Description: 1.
This is a fairly senior position within a manufacturer's organization. • Most aspiring product managers must work up to this senior level. extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends. Personal Characteristics/Skills . Outlook: • Employment is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012. detail oriented. calm under pressure. 4. design. Product Managers usually handle a specific product. ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions. 2. well-organized. • As product managers gain extensive experience and knowledge of the manufacturer's operations. 3.PRODUCT MANAGER Also called: Product Development Manager Job Description: 1. usually starting at an analyst or assistant position. they can be promoted into an executive leadership position. They are also responsible for overseeing the set-up and implementation of quality assurance protocols for their product. Career Path: Market Analyst > Merchandiser > Product Manager > Director of Product Management 14 . selling and distribution of a manufacturer or designer's products.highly analytical with strong math skills. decisive. Product Managers are responsible for overseeing the conceptualization. ability to work with other executives. construction. or product line.
Clothing patternmakers make full-size paper or fiberboard patterns for clothing. detail oriented. straight and curved rules). good computer skills (specifically with CAD programs .CLOTHING PATTERN MAKER Also called: Pattern Maker. 15 . good communication skills. understanding of apparel manufacturing process.computer assisted drawing). ability to visualize the finished garment from a designers drawings. designs. 2. Patternmakers use their expertise in body proportions and knowledge of fabric to translate the designer's apparel sketches into its various pattern pieces. • As styles become more complicated. patternmakers often act as liaisons between the design and manufacturing groups. Career Path: Fabric Cutter/Grader > Patternmaker > Assistant Designer > Designer. Alternatively Patternmakers may be promoted into Manufacturing/Production Management positions. yet the number of people entering the trade has declined. manufacturers or as freelancers. Outlook: • Pattern makers are very important to designers and fashion houses. 3. expertise with body proportions. Apparel Patternmaker. and sketches. pattern makers are vital to the success of a design. • There should be opportunities either working for designers. Because of their understanding of the technical aspect of a design. Fabric Patternmaker Job Description: 1.great technical skills with an ability to use drafting tools (calipers. squares. Personal Characteristics/Skills .
petite).Understanding of apparel construction and manufacturing and patternmaking. M. pattern grading is considered more of a technically oriented career than patternmaking or designing. etc) and fits (tall. Career Path: Pattern Grading Assistant > Pattern Grader > Patternmaker > Production Manager 16 . • With the right attitude. In general. technical expertise and experience. especially through turnover or attrition. Pattern graders are responsible for reducing or enlarging a pattern created by a patternmaker order to produce clothes across a range of sizes (S. ability to manage deadlines and multiple projects. good drafting and math skills.PATTERN GRADER Also called: Grader Job Description: 1. Pattern graders may use charts. but may also work for firms that specialize in pattern grading (such as an outsourcing provider). or computer programs in their work. Personal Characteristics/Skills . ability to do precise manual work. Outlook: • Opportunities for pattern graders are available. • Pattern graders may work directly for design houses or manufacturers. L. 2. machinery. analytical and problem-solving skills. anyone starting as a pattern grader should have opportunities to progress on the road to becoming production managers.
Fashion Marketing/Merchandising 17 .
Drawing on their knowledge of consumer psychology and trends. they promote fashion with advertising and visual marketing campaigns.Fashion Marketing/Merchandising • They are responsible for identifying and creating fashion trends to sell the products created by fashion designers. 18 . The fashion merchandising field includes jobs in both retail and wholesale sales.
Buyers for larger department stores usually specialize in a specific line of clothes or accessories (e. knowledge of fashion trends. Buyer Job Description: 1. 3.FASHION BUYER Also called: Apparel Buyer.g. Fashion buyers use their sense of style. 2. Buyers often make their purchases of apparel and accessories from manufacturers. designers. men's suits or women's denim) 19 . Buyers must also be good at budgeting and planning inventory so that a good selection of clothing is always available for customers. and understanding of their target customers' desires to create an attractive selection of apparel for retail stores. or wholesalers for the retailers or departmental stores 1 or 2 seasons in advance.. present. so it is important for fashion buyers to be able to understand past. 4. and future fashion trends.
Career Path: Assistant Fashion Buyer > Fashion Buyer > Divisional Merchandise Manager 20 . but new positions become available as a result of internal promotions of experienced buyers. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Fashion buyers must be fashion-lovers with knowledge of fashion history and trends • good analytical skills • good negotiation abilities • flexible work attitude • excellent budgeting and planning skills • inventory management skills • ability to deal well with deadlines and stress.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. • Advancement opportunities are good: Those who start at the assistant buyer level have a good chance of becoming full-fledged buyers within 3 to 5 years. • The overall number of fashion buyer positions available is expected to decrease.
CO-ORDINATOR Also called: Fashion Director Job Description: 1. Fashion coordinators then share their analyses with retail salespeople and/or editors to guide them in making customer recommendations. 2. designs. and they also share their analysis with buyers to guide them in making inventory purchases. Long hours and frequent travel are part of the job. and textiles are according to plan. suppliers. 6. 5. and serving as a middleman with fabric mills. Fashion Coordinators are responsible for creating a unified look and feel across all fashion divisions of a department store. Fashion directors need to assess the potential success of a garment or clothing line and determine the best plan for promotion and marketing. 3. 21 . or fashion magazine. They are constantly monitoring industry publications and talking to designers in order to understand industry trends and keep up with the latest in fabric and textile development. design house. and wholesalers to ensure that things are on schedule and colors. supervising fashion photography shoots for promotions. 4. Additional responsibilities of a fashion coordinator may include organizing fashion parades.
g. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Assistant Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Director 22 .. etc. fabrics. cuts. judgment. and department stores. design houses. negotiation. in-depth understanding of consumer behavior • an interest in artistic and creative pursuits. • However. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • excellent understanding of fashion (e. colors.) • knowledge and understanding of fashion trends • a flair for style. these are available in areas like fashion magazines. great networking skills • great organizational skills • excellent communication. styles.Outlook: • Fair to Great. • There are only a limited number of Fashion Coordinator positions available since it is a high-level position. and presentation skills.
product development and sales. in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion marketplace. They study fashion trends. division or chain. visit manufacturers. strong time management skills. forecasting. department. promote and sell clothing and accessories for a retail store. pricing. Merchandisers may also specialize in a specific line of clothing. 2. expertise in planning. designers. Like Fashion Buyers. consumers. and make fashion forecasts basted on the information they collect. 4. They may also be responsible for organizing and coordinating promotional activities like fashion shows. competitors. Career Path: Buyers > Associate Merchandising Manager > Merchandise Manager > General Merchandising Manager 23 .RETAIL MERCHANDISER Also called: Merchandise Manager. manufacturers and products. Fashion Merchandiser Job Description: 1. great leadership and management skills. Retail Merchandisers select. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Exceptional analytical skills. highly organized. Long hours and plenty of travel are often part of the job. They work with a team of buyers and managers to decide the most effective way to sell their products including advertising and display of merchandise & on how and where best to position and place merchandise. 5. designers and merchandise markets. 3. Outlook: Good to Excellent. purchase. 6.
and any other areas where the store's apparel and accessories are displayed. 2. fashion showrooms. Visual Merchandisers are responsible for conceptualizing. 4. Visual Merchandisers coordinate with the head office and other design teams (including buyers and sales staff) to ensure consistency with the corporate brand or image. In larger department stores or retail chains. and seasonal factors. Visual Merchandisers may provide input or oversee the design and layout of a store or department. 24 . In addition to drawing on their knowledge of customer tendencies when designing their displays. and implementing window and instore displays for both online and brick and mortar retail stores.. tradeshow displays. Their mail goals are: (1) create and maintain an image for a department or store that resonates with their target customers. designing. 6. promotions. promoted. Visual Display Designer Job Description: 1.g. 5.VISUAL MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandise Display Artist. or sold. Visual Merchandisers must combine their creativity and artistic flair with technical know-how to set up displays that maximize the space of the store while effectively catching the eye and appealing to the senses of their target customers. and (3) guide their customers' browsing through merchandise placement and store layout to result in an eventual sale. 3. such as holidays (e. (2) increase customer traffic in the store. Christmas and Valentine's Day). Visual Display Artists take into account current fashions and trends.
2. building stet. It is also important to have the ability to work well with others. as well as knowledge of fashion and art/design industry trends and forecasts. or they may be promoted to managerial positions of greater responsibilities. • Now that retailers have realized the positive impact that displays can have on their in. props.g. Personal Characteristics and Skills: 1. skilled Visual Merchandisers have become more sought after.store customer traffic and therefore their bottom lines. setting up proper lighting. Technical and design expertise (e. • Experienced Visual Merchandisers who have a proven track record of creating great displays may have the option of joining or starting their own firms specializing in visual merchandising for retailers. • In the coming years. Career Path: Visual Merchandising Assistant > Visual Merchandiser > Visual Merchandising Coordinator > Visual Merchandising Director 25 .Outlook: • Good to Excellent. etc) is helpful. Creativity is key with an above-average ability for artistic expression. Visual Merchandiser jobs are projected to grow at a pace higher than the national average.
business acumen. 2. They are ultimately responsible for the store's bottom line. setting up pricing policies. and as such must have the right combination of fashion industry knowledge. to hiring.RETAIL STORE MANAGER Also called: Store Manager. 3. firing and promoting employees. evenings and holidays are often part of the job. Retail store managers are very high-level employees who are responsible for overseeing all aspects of a store's operations. store managers do or at least are involved in some manner in everything from approving visual displays and print or television advertisements. weekends. ordering a store's merchandise inventory. 4. Department Store Manager Job Description: 1. Depending on the size of a store. Working long hours. and interpersonal skills to keep their stores profitable. training. 26 .
Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Associate Manager > Store Manager > Department Store Manager 27 . Personal Characteristics/Skills – • interpersonal and management skills • highly organized • detail oriented yet constantly thinking of the big picture • good business skills particularly in marketing. Candidates with retail experience will have the the best opportunity for jobs as store managers. The growth of national chains has created more jobs at companies (instead of small retail stores) and thus created a career development path for many aspiring managers. Job stability for Retail Store Managers is now more than ever determined by the store's ongoing profitability. accounting. sales and management.Outlook: Employment for retail store managers / supervisors is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012.
sunglasses. Successful boutique owners are very entrepreneurial-minded and driven people who use a combination of savvy business skills and in-depth knowledge of the fashion retail industry to make a profit. Owner Job Description: 1. T-shirts. One could start a fashion boutique in one of the following areas: sportswear. watches. accessories. 2. Their stores often target a specific customer profile and often carry a specific mix of clothing and/or apparel designers that appeal to this demographic.BOUTIQUE OWNER Also called: Specialty Store Owner. shoes. beachwear. dresses. handbags. tuxedos. novelty items. 28 . and more. lingerie. setting up the in-store displays and managing employees. 4. 3. vintage. Boutique owners must be jacks of all trades as they typically oversee all aspects of a boutiques operations from planning and purchasing their inventory.
Personal Characteristics/Skills – • entrepreneurial and risk-taking personality • solid business background in fields such as Marketing. successful owners are those who can attract investors with a solid business plan and operational structure. and the value of being one's own boss cannot be underestimated. multi-tasking capabilities. • Setting up a boutique usually requires obtaining a bank loan or drawing from personal savings to cover initial investments. or if they have created a strong enough brand. owners can go on to open additional stores.Outlook: • Being a small business owner is a dream for many people. Sales and Management • in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion retail marketplace. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Retail Manager > Boutique Owner 29 . including trends and forecasts • flexible. • Often. sell franchises for subsequent locations. Accounting. excellent time management and communication skills. • Once the store is profitable.
Fashion Media & Promotions 30 .
Fashion Media & Promotions • The fashion industry offers a number of opportunities for creative professionals who aren't attracted to the design side. • Fashion writers and editors are employed by newspapers. web sites. • Fashion photographs. magazines. 31 . and stylists are often employed by catalogs and magazines. illustrators. and other media outlets to keep consumers up-to-date on style trends.
Talented fashion editors tend to partner with photographers.g. 4. fashion / design websites or blogs. submitting articles on a freelance basis is often the preferred career direction. Fashion writers produce editorial copy for media outlets such as fashion magazines. Fashion Critic. After developing these stories behind the scenes.FASHION WRITER Also called: Fashion Journalist. 5. fashion reporters must do thorough research and/or conduct interviews when preparing articles. 32 . they are pitched to chief editors or other fashion media buyers like Vogue or Cosmo. formal portraits of designers. Like all journalists.. who together dig up their own stories e. Most draw upon their personal interest and incorporate their own personality into stories to make their pieces fun. interesting and engaging to readers. models. Fashion Reporter Job Description: 1. and of course for television. newspapers.. The majority of the industry's fashion writers work within editorial departments of fashion design firms. celebrities and others who make up fashion's inner circle. but for those who specialize in areas like designer collection reviews. editors. 2. 3.
Good interpersonal communication skills are needed for interviews and dealing with editors. Personal Characteristics . and superior research and fact-checking skills are essential. Skills – • Excellent English communication and writing skills (e. Freelance fashion writers must have persistence and perseverance and be good at marketing their work Career Path: Editorial Assistant > Staff Fashion Writer > Fashion Editor 33 . designers.. fabrics and business are also important.Outlook: • National employment demand for all fashion journalists and writers is expected to grow through 2014. historical trends. textiles. • Two thirds of the nations working fashion editors will reside in either New York or California (US Dept of Labor). spelling and grammar). attention to detail.g. • A love of fashion and knowledge about the industry. • The fashion writing industry can be extremely competitive.
34 . print advertisement. They coordinate colors and styles and ensure that all clothes are ready for the shoot.FASHION STYLIST Job Description: 1. advertising agencies. music video. catalog publishers. Fashion stylists often scout locations. which can include basic tasks such as steaming and ironing garments. fashions. layout. celebrities. newspapers. and music production companies often employ fashion stylists. and even models to fit the theme of the shoot. or wealthy clients as wardrobe consultants to help them prepare for major events or appearances. 2. 4. accessories. etc. 5. public relations firms. create the mood for the shoot by selecting and setting up the appropriate props. television and film production houses. Many stylists also choose to run their own businesses. commercial. retailers. 3. Fashion stylists are responsible for bringing to life a photographer or director's vision for a fashion photo shoot. Stylists may also be employed by agents. Companies such as magazines.
Personal Characteristics and Skills – • eye for style. • The most successful fashion stylists have extensive networks of contacts within the fashion industry to get the job done quickly and on budget. creativity and resourcefulness • broad knowledge of fashion history. Keira Knightly Wardrobe stylist for Madonna. stylists who maintain a good professional reputation can expect plenty of repeat business and often take advantage of this by setting up their own independent businesses. Kylie Minogue. good interpersonal and networking skills • persistence and self-motivation. • Once established. Naomi Campbell Rachel Zoe: Celebrity clients include Nichole Richie. Lauren Hutton. bills. Kelly Price 35 .Outlook: • Aspiring fashion stylists should expect to work their way to the top. trends and forecasts • technical know-how for setting up sets. ability to market oneself • savvy business skills to deal with invoicing. etc. Mischa Barton. • In addition. budgets. clients usually hire stylists they have used in the past or those who have proven success in the business. Libery Ross. Career Path: Intern/Stylist's Apprentice > Assistant Fashion Stylist > Staff Fashion Stylist Famous Fashion Stylists: Jeff Ihenando: Stylist for supermodels Kate Moss.
PR specialists must maintain strong professional relationships with media personnel. 3.FASHION PUBLIC RELATIONS SPECIALIST Also called: Fashion Publicist. As such. Fashion Media Relations Specialist Job Description: 1. They are also responsible for interacting with media when questions or crises arise from outside sources. PR specialists select information that they want to share with the public and write up press releases or conduct press conferences to distribute the news through television. Fashion Public Relations Specialists and Publicists help apparel companies and retail stores build and maintain a favorable public image. Public Relations (PR) Specialists must find creative ways to keep the company's brand name in the public eye. 36 . 2. radio and direct mail. newspapers. 4. Because they do not pay for publicity or media coverage.
Outlook: • Good to Excellent. PR specialists often move into more senior PR Coordinator positions. After 3-5 years of experience in the field. PR specialists may also work at PR firms that handle work for a variety of clients. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Knowledge of journalistic basics including proper news release formats • excellent written and oral communication and presentation skills • good interpersonal skills. good time management and multi-tasking skills • ability to maintain an even temperament under stress. • The market for PR specialists focused solely on fashion is growing quickly. • In addition to working on staff for design houses and retailers. Career Path: Promotions Assistant > Public Relations Specialist > Public Relations Coordinator > Director of Public Relations 37 .
g. websites. 2. and so on. Under guidance of the editor-in-chief.. and vintage clothing stores 6. specialty boutiques. Fashion Producer Job Description: 1. In addition. 5. retail stores. Due to the deadline-driven nature of their work. clothing and accessories). Editors may specialize in apparel. they are responsible for deciding the creative influence and direction that their departments will pursue during a given season or issue. beauty and make-up. 38 . Paris. Some fashion editors choose to freelance. editors are often required to travel to keep up with the latest fashion trends through meetings with designers and visits to fashion shows throughout the world (e. New York. working on a per-contract basis and assuming all of the costs of the fashion shoot (e. Editors occupy the mid to highest-level positions at publications 3. photo shoots. or television shows.g. newspaper sections. and Milan).. both salaried and freelance editors should enjoy a fastpaced environment. accessories. Fashion editors supervise the process of creating. London. Accessories Editor. 4. developing and presenting content for fashionspecific magazines.FASHION EDITOR Also called: Apparel Editor.
opportunities for advancement become more readily available. websites. • Growth in any of these sectors means an increased demand for experienced writers and editors. etc. broad knowledge of fashion industry trends and forecasts • excellent writing/journalistic talent with the ability to communicate effectively and clearly • great organization and planning skills. fashion sections of news. aspiring editors must be creative. hard working and willing to start at the bottom and take opportunities as they arise. • Because competition for these jobs is fierce. newspapers. • Once in the system. excellent interpersonal and management skills • competitive spirit • ability to perform well under stress.Outlook: • Employment of editors and writers is expected to increase 10% to 20% between 2002 and 2012 • There are a variety of outlets in which prospective editors may seek employment including but not limited to: fashion magazines. entertainment and lifestyle magazines. television shows. Career Path: Associate Editor > Editor > Senior Editor > Editor-in-Chief Famous Fashion Editor-in-Chiefs: Anna Wintour: Vogue Magazine Cindi Leive: Glamour Magazine Robbie Myers: Elle Magazine 39 . Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Passion for fashion.
exceptional drawing skills. however. particularly with CAD software. television commercials. manufacturer. 3. and flyers. Professional fashion artists may work on a freelance basis for an advertising agency. Fashion illustrators conceptualize and create sketches and drawings of apparel. brochures. Fashion illustrations are used in newspaper and magazine advertising layouts. and other media either by hand or use special computer software programs (e. Career Path: Fashion Illustrator Freelance > Staff Fashion Illustrator 40 . department store ads. there are still opportunities for fashion illustration and fashion artist jobs. or out of their own studio. basic business know-how. or department store. • For example. for whom photographs will not suffice. ability for self-promotion. shoes.g.FASHION IILUSTRATOR Also called: Fashion Artist Job Description: 1. catalogues. high level of creativity and artistic expression. Outlook: • Many of the jobs once performed exclusively by fashion illustrators are now also done by fashion photographers. computer aided design/CAD). well-trained and skilled illustrators are sought by employers like pattern companies and fashion forecast firms. films. • In addition. full-time jobs are often available with clothing catalog firms. and accessories for fashion advertisements.. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent computer skills. 2. direct mail catalogs.
variety and length of experience. In large agencies. • Faster than average growth is projected for graphic designers in the coming years thanks to the growth of the Internet and the increase in competition among apparel designers and manufacturers. Career Path: Paste-up Artist > Graphic Designer > Art Director > Creative Director 41 . for various fashion businesses.Good sense of style. business acumen. or out of their own studio. and many other types of materials.GRAPHIC DESIGNER Also called: Graphic Artist Job Description: 1. • Those who fit the bill may progress to become art directors or creative directors. advertising. 2. book covers. graphic design firm. good computer skills. brochures. attention to detail. Outlook: • Good to Excellent. fashion magazine. packaging. Graphic designers may work for an advertising agency. as a freelance designer. or may decide to open their own graphic design firm and hire other designers. they work on a team with the Art Director and Creative Director in order to conceptualize and create specific designs to be approved by their client. Personal Characteristics/Skills . including business cards and stationary. color and design. creativity and imagination. • Success for graphic designers is usually based on creativity and design sense. ability to tolerate criticism. Graphic Designers design and prepare camera-ready copy for any type of printed material. ability to collaborate other professionals. and turnover in top positions.
and print still photos and/or videos to show off clothes and accessories in a creative manner that catches the eye of consumers. magazines. Professional fashion photographers must have a good eye for style and beauty and be skilled at working with models to achieve & capture the best possible poses and photos. shoot. 2. Web sites. Magazine Photographer Job Description: 1. develop.FASHION PHOTOGRAPHER Also called: Photographer. Catalogue Photographer. and fashion houses to conceptualize. photographers may also be responsible for scouting locations and hiring models and personnel for the photo shoot 42 . Fashion photographers either freelance or are employed by catalogs. 3. In addition to taking pictures.
Mario Testino. solid interpersonal skills to communicate with models and convey your ideas. Steven Meisel. Career Path: Photographer's Assistant > Staff/Freelance Photographer > Photo Editor > Director of Photography Famous Fashion Photographers: Richard Avedon. composition. including camera operations. lighting. darkroom procedures. and aspiring fashion photographers may outnumber the available assignments. • However. and those who can develop a solid portfolio (body of work) may attain full-time staff positions or set up their own studios and work with more exclusive or well-known fashion clients. • With experience comes more opportunity. as Web sites look to continuously refresh their content. Patrick Demarchelier. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Artistic and creative expression • thorough knowledge of the technical and aesthetic aspects of photography. ability to promote oneself • knowledge of trends in both photography and fashion industry. Michael Thompson.Outlook: • Competition for jobs in magazine and commercial photography is stiff. increased use of the Internet may spur further growth in fashion photography. Helmut Newton. S • starting as an assistant or an apprentice is one way to get a foot in the door. and special characteristics of films and paper • good business and networking skills. Mario Sorrenti 43 .
Other Fashion Careers 44 .
positions with high-end department stores and private clients • and modeling work .for everything from newspapers ads to strutting the catwalk in Milan or Paris 45 . film and theater productions • personal stylist .Other fashion career opportunities include --- • costume design .for TV.
3. costume designers must get a feel for the mood. create sketches of costumes. They do research. With any given project. A good costume designer plays a big part in character or time period to vivid life on stage or screen.COSTUME DESIGNER Also called: Theatrical Designer Job Description: 1. Costume Designers research and design for authentic period. 46 . and develop costume budgets for the entire production. They work primarily for motion pictures. time period and setting in which the action occurs. 4. country or social class costumes. television. concerts and stage companies. 2.
this hard work should enable the designer to land a higher-paying job in the television and film industries. and a little luck. • As demand for movies and theater grow and the productions themselves become increasingly rich in design and costume. Career Path: Design Assistant. perseverance. • Aspiring costume designers usually start as assistants .Outlook: • Employment opportunities for costume designers depends largely upon the Entertainment Industry. University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer. demand for costume designers should follow.often as unpaid volunteers in college productions. Television and Film 47 . University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer. knowledge of fashion history and art history • as well as general world history • good research skills • technical skill in designing and dressmaking • ability to work and collaborate with other professionals • ability to handle stress from deadlines. Broadway/OffBroadway Productions > Costume Designer. • With the right skills. experience. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Creativity.
friendly and tactful. personal shoppers and merchandise buyers can gain credentials to work as independent consultants. • With enough experience. knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts. 3. good listener. lifestyle. and fashion style in order to make recommendations on which fashion choices will help the client achieve and maintain their desired image. Outlook: • Aspiring stylists should first get some experience in fashion retail positions. Personal Shopper Job Description: 1. good networking skills. great presentation and oral communication skills. enjoy shopping. • Some lucky stylists work exclusively with high-profile celebrities in the sports and entertainment industries where a client's everyday look or image is often more important than how they look while they work. Consultants make an evaluation of their clients' physical attributes. • Personal stylists may give classes for small groups or run seminars for a client company. Personal stylists work with individuals or companies to educate clients about general fashion apparel and accessories. business savvy.PERSONAL STYLIST Also called: Wardrobe Consultant. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Related Fashion Position > Personal Stylist 48 . 2. Personal stylists may often shop for their clients and pick out items that suit their image. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent fashion sense. ability to promote oneself.
and Laetitia Casta. Personal Characteristics/Skills photogenic and physically attractive with height. and costume accessories in a variety of poses and settings. make-up. Tyra Banks. formal fashion show procedures and the use of cosmetics. custom salons or specialty stores. Models try to convey an idea by their appearance. Others work mainly pose for still photographs used in print ads. • Like most glamorous and high status careers. retail stores. persuading people to buy the products they advertise. brochures and catalogs. Career Path: Print Model > Runway Model > Supermodel 49 . Heidi Klum. good people skills. weight and body measurements falling within certain industry standards. Karolina Kurkova. Runway Model. Others work in fashion show modeling. They may model in showrooms. Adriana Lima. 3. Naomi Campbell. • Yet. Print Model Job Description: 1. Famous Supermodels: Kate Moss. Models work with clothing. self-discipline. a positive attitude. those who succeed often segue into careers in fashion and entertainment. many people aspire to become models and the competition is healthy. which is more theatrical. excellent fashion style. Cindy Crawford. familiarity with different modeling techniques. Christie Brinkley.FASHION MODEL Also called: Fashion Model. 2. Outlook: • Demand for both male models and models who are representative of diverse racial and ethnic groups should rise higher than average for all models.
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