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• Fashion Design Production Fashion Designer • Fashion Accessory Designer Marketing/Merchandising Fashion Merchandiser Fashion Buyer Fashion Sales Rep Fashion Coordinator Showroom Sales Rep Retail Merchandiser Product Manager Clothing Patternmaker Visual Merchandiser Retail Store Manager Pattern Grader Boutique Owner
• Fashion Media & Promotions Fashion Writer Fashion Stylist Fashion PR Specialist Fashion Editor Fashion Illustrator Graphic Designer Fashion Photographer
• Other Fashion Careers Costume Designer Personal Stylist Model
Fashion Design Production
• Fashion and accessory designers use their knowledge of design principles, techniques, and tools to create sketches and models of original garments, shoes, handbags and other fashion accessories. • They often specialize in a particular facet of clothing design, such as men's, women's, children's wear, or lingerie. • While some fashion designers control the entire design and marketing process, others use the services of patternmakers to create original textiles and trimmings, production managers to oversee the actual creation of the fashion line, and fashion merchandisers to introduce and establish the designs in the fashion marketplace.
men. 4. 5 . More experienced designers may be required to travel to promote their fashion lines. maternity. maternity clothes. and individual clients. 3. and fashion studios. haute couturiers. sportswear etc. Potential employers include retailers. 5.FASHION DESIGNER Alternate Titles: Clothes Designer. bridal. Apparel Designer Job Description: 1. such as tshirts. baby outfits. shows. Fashion designers usually specialize in a specific line of clothing such as women. and sales departments to design. Fashion design is a demanding and unpredictable job with long hours. 2. textile and apparel manufacturers. produce. Fashion designers conceptualize and create new clothing. and promote a finished. evening dresses. 7. an example being tailors who produce custom designs for weddings and other special events. marketing. kids. or denims. They analyze fashion trends and work closely with production. or individual jobs. individual designers may work in very specialized areas. ready-to-wear product for apparel manufacturers. In larger fashion houses. especially when deadlines approach for launches. specialty and retail stores. 6.
Personal Characteristics and Skillsability to discriminate between colors and judge fabric quality & a good eye for style. which creates more overall demand for clothing and accessories.computer assisted design) knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts knowledge of manufacturing and production process ability to deal with ambiguity and rejection and to handle stress due to deadlines good business and marketing skills. Career Path: Design Assistant > Assistant Designer > Associate Designer > Fashion Director • • • • • • • 6 . Expect long hours in the beginning and be prepared for seasonal slowdowns. and the population is growing. drawing and sketching skills computer skills (especially with the use of CAD . shape. and color above-average ability for sewing skills.Outlook: • • Demand for fashion designers will remain strong as consumers constantly seek new styles and fashion.
but also within apparel and fabric markets. 2. 7 . etc. women. kids. ties. be it men. brides. etc. handbags. 3. moms. Accessory designers usually specialize in a specific line of accessories. Handbag Designer. to go with clothing. Job Description: 1. Shoe Designer. hats. as well as the customers for whom they design these accessories.ACCESSORY DESIGNER Also called: Jewelry Designer. and so on. Accessory designers must always stay in touch not only with trends in their own specialties. shoes. in order to react to create pieces that complement the new hot styles in the market. gloves. belts. Accessory designers conceptualize and create designs for jewelry.
Few staff positions are available. drawing and sketching skills • knowledge of and ability to react to current fashion trends • knowledge of manufacturing and production process • ability to keep production within a tight budget.Outlook: • • Accessory design is a highly competitive field that requires a lot of selfmotivation. etc) • persistence and determination. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • above average ability for creative expression • technical skill in working with materials required for the chosen specialty (such as metal and semi-precious stones for jewelry designers. handle stress due to deadlines Career Path: Design Assistant/ Freelance Accessory Designer > Associate Staff Accessory Designer > Accessory Designs Director 8 . so most accessory designers work independently. ability to work independently.
3. 5. 9 . Fashion merchandisers on the apparel production side track and analyze market trends. and previous sales numbers to determine the product direction that the manufacturers will take each season. Merchandisers are some of the most powerful employees within an apparel company. Fashion merchandising professionals on the retail side are responsible for determining store inventory and to price clothes (MPR) 4. They may also be responsible for tracking profits and losses. A fashion merchandiser needs to be one of the first in the industry to spot the trend.FASHION MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandiser. 2. Apparel Merchandiser Job Description: 1. and have large personnel management responsibilities. production costs.
Personal Characteristics and Skills – • extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends • highly analytical with strong math skills • ability to predict and create fashion trends • ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions.Outlook: • Every apparel maker needs at least one fashion merchandiser. As a result. calm under pressure. Career Path: Fashion Buyer > Merchandising Assistant > Merchandiser > Merchandising Director 10 . detail oriented. decisive. well-organized. • ability to work with other executives. there are a number of merchandiser positions open • Those who have the business acumen and good fashion judgment to achieve and maintain profitability in their sector could advance high up the executive ladder.
They show samples. 5. They listen to their customers concerns about the product. sometimes internationally. Apparel Sales Representative Job Description: 1. and catalogs of their manufacturer's product line. illustrations. and must be able to answer any questions regarding the products. assist in solving problems the customer may have with the product.FASHION SALES REPRESENTATIVE Also called: Manufacturer's Representative. 2. 4. 3. Sales representatives usually solicit orders from new and prospective customers within a designated geographical area. 11 . and even help the customer sell more of the product by arranging special events like trunk shows and in-store fashion shows featuring their products. Fashion Sales Representatives sell a manufacturer's garments and accessories to Fashion Buyers from wholesale and retail stores. This is a position that requires a good deal of travel.
• Often the key to getting a job is the willingness and flexibility to travel to remote locations. • Higher than average growth within the US is projected in this sector.both written and oral • establish good relationships with customers • self-motivated with good follow-through skills • ability to deal with rejection and remain upbeat • knowledge of fashion industry trends and manufacturer's competitors. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • highly competitive • belief in the product and ability to maintain enthusiasm for it • excellent communication skills .Outlook: • Good to Excellent. Career Path: Showroom Sales Representative/Assistant > Sales Representative > Sales Manager > Regional Sales Manager > National Sales Manager > VP Sales 12 . with additional positions available overseas.
outgoing. excellent communication and presentation skills. 3. Once they convince the Fashion Buyer to purchase the manufacturer's products. knowledge of manufacturing and retail sectors of the fashion industry. friendly. where they meet with visiting Fashion Buyers and show the latest product line. good listener. Personal Characteristics/Skills . college graduates with good communication skills and the right personality have a good chance of being hired. • Although a showroom sales rep is a fairly competitive position. Outlook: • Good to Excellent. • With enough experience and some additional education or training. Showroom sales reps should expect to work additional long hours during the four to six market weeks or fashion weeks each year. advancement is a good possibility.SHOWROOM SALES REPRESENTATIVES Also called: Showroom Salesperson. They must then make sure that the right quantity of the right product reaches their customers' stores at the right time and in saleable condition. They work at manufacturers and/or designers offices. they are responsible for accurately taking the Fashion Buyers order. 4. good organizational and computer skills. Career Path: Showroom Sales Assistant > Showroom Sales Representative > Showroom Sales Manager 13 . Showroom Representative Job Description: 1.enthusiastic. 2.
calm under pressure. • Most aspiring product managers must work up to this senior level. Career Path: Market Analyst > Merchandiser > Product Manager > Director of Product Management 14 .PRODUCT MANAGER Also called: Product Development Manager Job Description: 1. • As product managers gain extensive experience and knowledge of the manufacturer's operations. 4. They are also responsible for overseeing the set-up and implementation of quality assurance protocols for their product. extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends. This is a fairly senior position within a manufacturer's organization. ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions. construction. selling and distribution of a manufacturer or designer's products. they can be promoted into an executive leadership position. ability to work with other executives. Product Managers usually handle a specific product. or product line. 3. usually starting at an analyst or assistant position. well-organized. decisive. design. 2. detail oriented. Personal Characteristics/Skills . Outlook: • Employment is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012. Product Managers are responsible for overseeing the conceptualization.highly analytical with strong math skills.
Apparel Patternmaker.CLOTHING PATTERN MAKER Also called: Pattern Maker. understanding of apparel manufacturing process. 3. • As styles become more complicated. and sketches. Patternmakers use their expertise in body proportions and knowledge of fabric to translate the designer's apparel sketches into its various pattern pieces. 15 . squares. designs.computer assisted drawing). Fabric Patternmaker Job Description: 1. Alternatively Patternmakers may be promoted into Manufacturing/Production Management positions. yet the number of people entering the trade has declined. good communication skills. ability to visualize the finished garment from a designers drawings.great technical skills with an ability to use drafting tools (calipers. good computer skills (specifically with CAD programs . Clothing patternmakers make full-size paper or fiberboard patterns for clothing. detail oriented. Personal Characteristics/Skills . Because of their understanding of the technical aspect of a design. • There should be opportunities either working for designers. Outlook: • Pattern makers are very important to designers and fashion houses. 2. patternmakers often act as liaisons between the design and manufacturing groups. Career Path: Fabric Cutter/Grader > Patternmaker > Assistant Designer > Designer. expertise with body proportions. manufacturers or as freelancers. pattern makers are vital to the success of a design. straight and curved rules).
Understanding of apparel construction and manufacturing and patternmaking. L. 2. Pattern graders are responsible for reducing or enlarging a pattern created by a patternmaker order to produce clothes across a range of sizes (S. Pattern graders may use charts. In general. technical expertise and experience. Outlook: • Opportunities for pattern graders are available. • With the right attitude. analytical and problem-solving skills. ability to manage deadlines and multiple projects. Career Path: Pattern Grading Assistant > Pattern Grader > Patternmaker > Production Manager 16 . but may also work for firms that specialize in pattern grading (such as an outsourcing provider). anyone starting as a pattern grader should have opportunities to progress on the road to becoming production managers. petite). • Pattern graders may work directly for design houses or manufacturers. especially through turnover or attrition. good drafting and math skills.PATTERN GRADER Also called: Grader Job Description: 1. ability to do precise manual work. M. machinery. pattern grading is considered more of a technically oriented career than patternmaking or designing. Personal Characteristics/Skills . or computer programs in their work. etc) and fits (tall.
Fashion Marketing/Merchandising 17 .
Drawing on their knowledge of consumer psychology and trends. 18 . they promote fashion with advertising and visual marketing campaigns. The fashion merchandising field includes jobs in both retail and wholesale sales.Fashion Marketing/Merchandising • They are responsible for identifying and creating fashion trends to sell the products created by fashion designers.
and understanding of their target customers' desires to create an attractive selection of apparel for retail stores. 3. 4. Buyer Job Description: 1. 2.FASHION BUYER Also called: Apparel Buyer. Buyers for larger department stores usually specialize in a specific line of clothes or accessories (e.g. so it is important for fashion buyers to be able to understand past. Buyers often make their purchases of apparel and accessories from manufacturers. or wholesalers for the retailers or departmental stores 1 or 2 seasons in advance. Fashion buyers use their sense of style. knowledge of fashion trends. men's suits or women's denim) 19 .. present. designers. and future fashion trends. Buyers must also be good at budgeting and planning inventory so that a good selection of clothing is always available for customers.
Career Path: Assistant Fashion Buyer > Fashion Buyer > Divisional Merchandise Manager 20 . but new positions become available as a result of internal promotions of experienced buyers. • Advancement opportunities are good: Those who start at the assistant buyer level have a good chance of becoming full-fledged buyers within 3 to 5 years.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. • The overall number of fashion buyer positions available is expected to decrease. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Fashion buyers must be fashion-lovers with knowledge of fashion history and trends • good analytical skills • good negotiation abilities • flexible work attitude • excellent budgeting and planning skills • inventory management skills • ability to deal well with deadlines and stress.
supervising fashion photography shoots for promotions. or fashion magazine. and they also share their analysis with buyers to guide them in making inventory purchases.CO-ORDINATOR Also called: Fashion Director Job Description: 1. Additional responsibilities of a fashion coordinator may include organizing fashion parades. 21 . suppliers. Long hours and frequent travel are part of the job. design house. 2. 3. 4. Fashion Coordinators are responsible for creating a unified look and feel across all fashion divisions of a department store. Fashion coordinators then share their analyses with retail salespeople and/or editors to guide them in making customer recommendations. 5. designs. and serving as a middleman with fabric mills. Fashion directors need to assess the potential success of a garment or clothing line and determine the best plan for promotion and marketing. and textiles are according to plan. 6. They are constantly monitoring industry publications and talking to designers in order to understand industry trends and keep up with the latest in fabric and textile development. and wholesalers to ensure that things are on schedule and colors.
cuts. in-depth understanding of consumer behavior • an interest in artistic and creative pursuits. these are available in areas like fashion magazines. styles. • However. judgment. etc. design houses. great networking skills • great organizational skills • excellent communication.Outlook: • Fair to Great. and presentation skills.. and department stores. negotiation. colors. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Assistant Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Director 22 . • There are only a limited number of Fashion Coordinator positions available since it is a high-level position. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • excellent understanding of fashion (e.g. fabrics.) • knowledge and understanding of fashion trends • a flair for style.
Retail Merchandisers select. Outlook: Good to Excellent. 5. promote and sell clothing and accessories for a retail store. in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion marketplace. manufacturers and products. 6. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Exceptional analytical skills. purchase. Long hours and plenty of travel are often part of the job. 3. pricing. Career Path: Buyers > Associate Merchandising Manager > Merchandise Manager > General Merchandising Manager 23 . and make fashion forecasts basted on the information they collect. strong time management skills. They work with a team of buyers and managers to decide the most effective way to sell their products including advertising and display of merchandise & on how and where best to position and place merchandise.RETAIL MERCHANDISER Also called: Merchandise Manager. forecasting. 4. competitors. consumers. designers. product development and sales. They may also be responsible for organizing and coordinating promotional activities like fashion shows. designers and merchandise markets. expertise in planning. Fashion Merchandiser Job Description: 1. Like Fashion Buyers. highly organized. visit manufacturers. 2. great leadership and management skills. They study fashion trends. Merchandisers may also specialize in a specific line of clothing. division or chain. department.
In addition to drawing on their knowledge of customer tendencies when designing their displays. Visual Merchandisers are responsible for conceptualizing. In larger department stores or retail chains. and any other areas where the store's apparel and accessories are displayed. 6.VISUAL MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandise Display Artist.. Visual Merchandisers may provide input or oversee the design and layout of a store or department. tradeshow displays. 5. 24 . designing. Visual Merchandisers must combine their creativity and artistic flair with technical know-how to set up displays that maximize the space of the store while effectively catching the eye and appealing to the senses of their target customers. promoted. promotions. (2) increase customer traffic in the store. Their mail goals are: (1) create and maintain an image for a department or store that resonates with their target customers. or sold. such as holidays (e. Christmas and Valentine's Day). Visual Merchandisers coordinate with the head office and other design teams (including buyers and sales staff) to ensure consistency with the corporate brand or image. and implementing window and instore displays for both online and brick and mortar retail stores. and seasonal factors. fashion showrooms. and (3) guide their customers' browsing through merchandise placement and store layout to result in an eventual sale. Visual Display Artists take into account current fashions and trends. 2. Visual Display Designer Job Description: 1. 4. 3.g.
etc) is helpful. as well as knowledge of fashion and art/design industry trends and forecasts.store customer traffic and therefore their bottom lines. • Experienced Visual Merchandisers who have a proven track record of creating great displays may have the option of joining or starting their own firms specializing in visual merchandising for retailers. • In the coming years. Technical and design expertise (e. It is also important to have the ability to work well with others. Career Path: Visual Merchandising Assistant > Visual Merchandiser > Visual Merchandising Coordinator > Visual Merchandising Director 25 . • Now that retailers have realized the positive impact that displays can have on their in. building stet. or they may be promoted to managerial positions of greater responsibilities. 2. props.g. setting up proper lighting. Personal Characteristics and Skills: 1. skilled Visual Merchandisers have become more sought after.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. Visual Merchandiser jobs are projected to grow at a pace higher than the national average. Creativity is key with an above-average ability for artistic expression.
setting up pricing policies. Working long hours. Retail store managers are very high-level employees who are responsible for overseeing all aspects of a store's operations. Department Store Manager Job Description: 1. firing and promoting employees. evenings and holidays are often part of the job. ordering a store's merchandise inventory. 2. Depending on the size of a store. and as such must have the right combination of fashion industry knowledge. to hiring. They are ultimately responsible for the store's bottom line. store managers do or at least are involved in some manner in everything from approving visual displays and print or television advertisements. 4. weekends. and interpersonal skills to keep their stores profitable. 26 . 3. business acumen.RETAIL STORE MANAGER Also called: Store Manager. training.
Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Associate Manager > Store Manager > Department Store Manager 27 .Outlook: Employment for retail store managers / supervisors is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012. Candidates with retail experience will have the the best opportunity for jobs as store managers. Job stability for Retail Store Managers is now more than ever determined by the store's ongoing profitability. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • interpersonal and management skills • highly organized • detail oriented yet constantly thinking of the big picture • good business skills particularly in marketing. sales and management. The growth of national chains has created more jobs at companies (instead of small retail stores) and thus created a career development path for many aspiring managers. accounting.
tuxedos. 4. setting up the in-store displays and managing employees. 2. and more. dresses. vintage. novelty items. One could start a fashion boutique in one of the following areas: sportswear. 28 . handbags. T-shirts. accessories.BOUTIQUE OWNER Also called: Specialty Store Owner. shoes. beachwear. lingerie. watches. Boutique owners must be jacks of all trades as they typically oversee all aspects of a boutiques operations from planning and purchasing their inventory. Owner Job Description: 1. Their stores often target a specific customer profile and often carry a specific mix of clothing and/or apparel designers that appeal to this demographic. 3. sunglasses. Successful boutique owners are very entrepreneurial-minded and driven people who use a combination of savvy business skills and in-depth knowledge of the fashion retail industry to make a profit.
and the value of being one's own boss cannot be underestimated. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • entrepreneurial and risk-taking personality • solid business background in fields such as Marketing. or if they have created a strong enough brand. Sales and Management • in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion retail marketplace. • Often. • Setting up a boutique usually requires obtaining a bank loan or drawing from personal savings to cover initial investments. successful owners are those who can attract investors with a solid business plan and operational structure. Accounting.Outlook: • Being a small business owner is a dream for many people. excellent time management and communication skills. including trends and forecasts • flexible. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Retail Manager > Boutique Owner 29 . • Once the store is profitable. sell franchises for subsequent locations. owners can go on to open additional stores. multi-tasking capabilities.
Fashion Media & Promotions 30 .
Fashion Media & Promotions • The fashion industry offers a number of opportunities for creative professionals who aren't attracted to the design side. and stylists are often employed by catalogs and magazines. and other media outlets to keep consumers up-to-date on style trends. • Fashion photographs. magazines. web sites. illustrators. 31 . • Fashion writers and editors are employed by newspapers.
interesting and engaging to readers. Fashion Critic. Fashion writers produce editorial copy for media outlets such as fashion magazines. 3.g. and of course for television. Fashion Reporter Job Description: 1. Talented fashion editors tend to partner with photographers. 2.. After developing these stories behind the scenes. Most draw upon their personal interest and incorporate their own personality into stories to make their pieces fun. editors. submitting articles on a freelance basis is often the preferred career direction. celebrities and others who make up fashion's inner circle. models. who together dig up their own stories e. but for those who specialize in areas like designer collection reviews.FASHION WRITER Also called: Fashion Journalist. newspapers. they are pitched to chief editors or other fashion media buyers like Vogue or Cosmo. 4. fashion reporters must do thorough research and/or conduct interviews when preparing articles. 32 . The majority of the industry's fashion writers work within editorial departments of fashion design firms. 5. formal portraits of designers.. fashion / design websites or blogs. Like all journalists.
Good interpersonal communication skills are needed for interviews and dealing with editors. textiles.Outlook: • National employment demand for all fashion journalists and writers is expected to grow through 2014. • A love of fashion and knowledge about the industry. • The fashion writing industry can be extremely competitive. and superior research and fact-checking skills are essential. • Two thirds of the nations working fashion editors will reside in either New York or California (US Dept of Labor). Skills – • Excellent English communication and writing skills (e. fabrics and business are also important. Personal Characteristics .g. designers. spelling and grammar). attention to detail. historical trends.. Freelance fashion writers must have persistence and perseverance and be good at marketing their work Career Path: Editorial Assistant > Staff Fashion Writer > Fashion Editor 33 .
print advertisement. Companies such as magazines. television and film production houses. advertising agencies. create the mood for the shoot by selecting and setting up the appropriate props. accessories. commercial. etc. celebrities. catalog publishers. fashions. which can include basic tasks such as steaming and ironing garments. Many stylists also choose to run their own businesses. Stylists may also be employed by agents. 4. Fashion stylists are responsible for bringing to life a photographer or director's vision for a fashion photo shoot. They coordinate colors and styles and ensure that all clothes are ready for the shoot. 34 . and even models to fit the theme of the shoot. retailers. layout. newspapers. and music production companies often employ fashion stylists. 2. music video. 5. or wealthy clients as wardrobe consultants to help them prepare for major events or appearances. public relations firms. 3.FASHION STYLIST Job Description: 1. Fashion stylists often scout locations.
clients usually hire stylists they have used in the past or those who have proven success in the business. bills. Kelly Price 35 . trends and forecasts • technical know-how for setting up sets. Kylie Minogue. Libery Ross. creativity and resourcefulness • broad knowledge of fashion history. budgets. • The most successful fashion stylists have extensive networks of contacts within the fashion industry to get the job done quickly and on budget. Naomi Campbell Rachel Zoe: Celebrity clients include Nichole Richie. stylists who maintain a good professional reputation can expect plenty of repeat business and often take advantage of this by setting up their own independent businesses. etc. • In addition. Lauren Hutton. good interpersonal and networking skills • persistence and self-motivation. • Once established. Career Path: Intern/Stylist's Apprentice > Assistant Fashion Stylist > Staff Fashion Stylist Famous Fashion Stylists: Jeff Ihenando: Stylist for supermodels Kate Moss. Keira Knightly Wardrobe stylist for Madonna. ability to market oneself • savvy business skills to deal with invoicing. Personal Characteristics and Skills – • eye for style.Outlook: • Aspiring fashion stylists should expect to work their way to the top. Mischa Barton.
radio and direct mail. Because they do not pay for publicity or media coverage. 36 . Fashion Media Relations Specialist Job Description: 1. PR specialists must maintain strong professional relationships with media personnel. 2. 4. As such. newspapers. They are also responsible for interacting with media when questions or crises arise from outside sources. Fashion Public Relations Specialists and Publicists help apparel companies and retail stores build and maintain a favorable public image. 3. PR specialists select information that they want to share with the public and write up press releases or conduct press conferences to distribute the news through television.FASHION PUBLIC RELATIONS SPECIALIST Also called: Fashion Publicist. Public Relations (PR) Specialists must find creative ways to keep the company's brand name in the public eye.
Outlook: • Good to Excellent. PR specialists often move into more senior PR Coordinator positions. good time management and multi-tasking skills • ability to maintain an even temperament under stress. • In addition to working on staff for design houses and retailers. • The market for PR specialists focused solely on fashion is growing quickly. After 3-5 years of experience in the field. Career Path: Promotions Assistant > Public Relations Specialist > Public Relations Coordinator > Director of Public Relations 37 . Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Knowledge of journalistic basics including proper news release formats • excellent written and oral communication and presentation skills • good interpersonal skills. PR specialists may also work at PR firms that handle work for a variety of clients.
clothing and accessories). 2. they are responsible for deciding the creative influence and direction that their departments will pursue during a given season or issue. Due to the deadline-driven nature of their work.. retail stores. accessories. New York. or television shows. Paris. Some fashion editors choose to freelance. In addition. Editors may specialize in apparel. 4. 38 . and so on. Under guidance of the editor-in-chief. editors are often required to travel to keep up with the latest fashion trends through meetings with designers and visits to fashion shows throughout the world (e.FASHION EDITOR Also called: Apparel Editor.g. working on a per-contract basis and assuming all of the costs of the fashion shoot (e. 5. Fashion Producer Job Description: 1. and Milan).g. developing and presenting content for fashionspecific magazines. websites. both salaried and freelance editors should enjoy a fastpaced environment. Editors occupy the mid to highest-level positions at publications 3. beauty and make-up. Accessories Editor. photo shoots. Fashion editors supervise the process of creating. newspaper sections.. and vintage clothing stores 6. London. specialty boutiques.
opportunities for advancement become more readily available. Career Path: Associate Editor > Editor > Senior Editor > Editor-in-Chief Famous Fashion Editor-in-Chiefs: Anna Wintour: Vogue Magazine Cindi Leive: Glamour Magazine Robbie Myers: Elle Magazine 39 . newspapers. • Once in the system. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Passion for fashion. fashion sections of news. television shows. aspiring editors must be creative. hard working and willing to start at the bottom and take opportunities as they arise.Outlook: • Employment of editors and writers is expected to increase 10% to 20% between 2002 and 2012 • There are a variety of outlets in which prospective editors may seek employment including but not limited to: fashion magazines. • Because competition for these jobs is fierce. broad knowledge of fashion industry trends and forecasts • excellent writing/journalistic talent with the ability to communicate effectively and clearly • great organization and planning skills. entertainment and lifestyle magazines. excellent interpersonal and management skills • competitive spirit • ability to perform well under stress. • Growth in any of these sectors means an increased demand for experienced writers and editors. websites. etc.
g. shoes. computer aided design/CAD). particularly with CAD software. Professional fashion artists may work on a freelance basis for an advertising agency. high level of creativity and artistic expression. and other media either by hand or use special computer software programs (e. full-time jobs are often available with clothing catalog firms. or department store. exceptional drawing skills. 3.FASHION IILUSTRATOR Also called: Fashion Artist Job Description: 1. direct mail catalogs. films. • In addition. catalogues. ability for self-promotion. basic business know-how. Fashion illustrations are used in newspaper and magazine advertising layouts.. department store ads. Outlook: • Many of the jobs once performed exclusively by fashion illustrators are now also done by fashion photographers. well-trained and skilled illustrators are sought by employers like pattern companies and fashion forecast firms. 2. brochures. for whom photographs will not suffice. manufacturer. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent computer skills. there are still opportunities for fashion illustration and fashion artist jobs. • For example. Career Path: Fashion Illustrator Freelance > Staff Fashion Illustrator 40 . however. or out of their own studio. television commercials. Fashion illustrators conceptualize and create sketches and drawings of apparel. and flyers. and accessories for fashion advertisements.
ability to tolerate criticism. ability to collaborate other professionals. Personal Characteristics/Skills . or out of their own studio. attention to detail. advertising. as a freelance designer. Outlook: • Good to Excellent. • Success for graphic designers is usually based on creativity and design sense. Graphic Designers design and prepare camera-ready copy for any type of printed material. Career Path: Paste-up Artist > Graphic Designer > Art Director > Creative Director 41 . packaging. graphic design firm. Graphic designers may work for an advertising agency. In large agencies.GRAPHIC DESIGNER Also called: Graphic Artist Job Description: 1. 2. business acumen. • Faster than average growth is projected for graphic designers in the coming years thanks to the growth of the Internet and the increase in competition among apparel designers and manufacturers. or may decide to open their own graphic design firm and hire other designers. good computer skills. color and design. creativity and imagination. variety and length of experience. book covers.Good sense of style. for various fashion businesses. fashion magazine. brochures. • Those who fit the bill may progress to become art directors or creative directors. and many other types of materials. including business cards and stationary. they work on a team with the Art Director and Creative Director in order to conceptualize and create specific designs to be approved by their client. and turnover in top positions.
In addition to taking pictures. and fashion houses to conceptualize.FASHION PHOTOGRAPHER Also called: Photographer. 2. shoot. magazines. photographers may also be responsible for scouting locations and hiring models and personnel for the photo shoot 42 . Fashion photographers either freelance or are employed by catalogs. Professional fashion photographers must have a good eye for style and beauty and be skilled at working with models to achieve & capture the best possible poses and photos. Magazine Photographer Job Description: 1. and print still photos and/or videos to show off clothes and accessories in a creative manner that catches the eye of consumers. Web sites. Catalogue Photographer. develop. 3.
Patrick Demarchelier. composition. Career Path: Photographer's Assistant > Staff/Freelance Photographer > Photo Editor > Director of Photography Famous Fashion Photographers: Richard Avedon. including camera operations. ability to promote oneself • knowledge of trends in both photography and fashion industry. Mario Sorrenti 43 . • However. as Web sites look to continuously refresh their content. and special characteristics of films and paper • good business and networking skills. Helmut Newton. lighting.Outlook: • Competition for jobs in magazine and commercial photography is stiff. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Artistic and creative expression • thorough knowledge of the technical and aesthetic aspects of photography. and aspiring fashion photographers may outnumber the available assignments. Mario Testino. S • starting as an assistant or an apprentice is one way to get a foot in the door. solid interpersonal skills to communicate with models and convey your ideas. increased use of the Internet may spur further growth in fashion photography. • With experience comes more opportunity. and those who can develop a solid portfolio (body of work) may attain full-time staff positions or set up their own studios and work with more exclusive or well-known fashion clients. Steven Meisel. darkroom procedures. Michael Thompson.
Other Fashion Careers 44 .
positions with high-end department stores and private clients • and modeling work .for everything from newspapers ads to strutting the catwalk in Milan or Paris 45 .Other fashion career opportunities include --- • costume design .for TV. film and theater productions • personal stylist .
46 . A good costume designer plays a big part in character or time period to vivid life on stage or screen. 4. 2. time period and setting in which the action occurs. country or social class costumes. 3.COSTUME DESIGNER Also called: Theatrical Designer Job Description: 1. They work primarily for motion pictures. They do research. create sketches of costumes. and develop costume budgets for the entire production. costume designers must get a feel for the mood. With any given project. concerts and stage companies. television. Costume Designers research and design for authentic period.
this hard work should enable the designer to land a higher-paying job in the television and film industries.Outlook: • Employment opportunities for costume designers depends largely upon the Entertainment Industry. Career Path: Design Assistant. demand for costume designers should follow. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Creativity. • As demand for movies and theater grow and the productions themselves become increasingly rich in design and costume. • With the right skills. experience. University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer. and a little luck. perseverance. knowledge of fashion history and art history • as well as general world history • good research skills • technical skill in designing and dressmaking • ability to work and collaborate with other professionals • ability to handle stress from deadlines. Television and Film 47 .often as unpaid volunteers in college productions. University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer. Broadway/OffBroadway Productions > Costume Designer. • Aspiring costume designers usually start as assistants .
3. good listener. great presentation and oral communication skills. enjoy shopping. Personal stylists may often shop for their clients and pick out items that suit their image. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Related Fashion Position > Personal Stylist 48 . business savvy. Personal Shopper Job Description: 1. friendly and tactful. • With enough experience. Consultants make an evaluation of their clients' physical attributes. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent fashion sense. • Some lucky stylists work exclusively with high-profile celebrities in the sports and entertainment industries where a client's everyday look or image is often more important than how they look while they work. lifestyle. ability to promote oneself. • Personal stylists may give classes for small groups or run seminars for a client company. Personal stylists work with individuals or companies to educate clients about general fashion apparel and accessories. personal shoppers and merchandise buyers can gain credentials to work as independent consultants. good networking skills.PERSONAL STYLIST Also called: Wardrobe Consultant. knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts. and fashion style in order to make recommendations on which fashion choices will help the client achieve and maintain their desired image. Outlook: • Aspiring stylists should first get some experience in fashion retail positions. 2.
formal fashion show procedures and the use of cosmetics. Models work with clothing. Outlook: • Demand for both male models and models who are representative of diverse racial and ethnic groups should rise higher than average for all models. 3. Heidi Klum. which is more theatrical. make-up. Karolina Kurkova. and costume accessories in a variety of poses and settings. • Like most glamorous and high status careers. Adriana Lima. persuading people to buy the products they advertise. 2. Runway Model. Christie Brinkley. excellent fashion style. and Laetitia Casta. self-discipline. those who succeed often segue into careers in fashion and entertainment. Others work in fashion show modeling. many people aspire to become models and the competition is healthy. brochures and catalogs. a positive attitude. familiarity with different modeling techniques. Print Model Job Description: 1. • Yet. custom salons or specialty stores. Famous Supermodels: Kate Moss. retail stores. Tyra Banks. Cindy Crawford. Others work mainly pose for still photographs used in print ads. weight and body measurements falling within certain industry standards. good people skills. Naomi Campbell. Models try to convey an idea by their appearance.FASHION MODEL Also called: Fashion Model. Career Path: Print Model > Runway Model > Supermodel 49 . Personal Characteristics/Skills photogenic and physically attractive with height. They may model in showrooms.
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