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• Fashion Design Production Fashion Designer • Fashion Accessory Designer Marketing/Merchandising Fashion Merchandiser Fashion Buyer Fashion Sales Rep Fashion Coordinator Showroom Sales Rep Retail Merchandiser Product Manager Clothing Patternmaker Visual Merchandiser Retail Store Manager Pattern Grader Boutique Owner
• Fashion Media & Promotions Fashion Writer Fashion Stylist Fashion PR Specialist Fashion Editor Fashion Illustrator Graphic Designer Fashion Photographer
• Other Fashion Careers Costume Designer Personal Stylist Model
Fashion Design Production
• Fashion and accessory designers use their knowledge of design principles, techniques, and tools to create sketches and models of original garments, shoes, handbags and other fashion accessories. • They often specialize in a particular facet of clothing design, such as men's, women's, children's wear, or lingerie. • While some fashion designers control the entire design and marketing process, others use the services of patternmakers to create original textiles and trimmings, production managers to oversee the actual creation of the fashion line, and fashion merchandisers to introduce and establish the designs in the fashion marketplace.
bridal. maternity clothes. and fashion studios. and individual clients. and sales departments to design. an example being tailors who produce custom designs for weddings and other special events. More experienced designers may be required to travel to promote their fashion lines. kids. 6. In larger fashion houses. 4. Apparel Designer Job Description: 1. haute couturiers. 2. maternity. men. Fashion designers usually specialize in a specific line of clothing such as women. textile and apparel manufacturers. or individual jobs. and promote a finished. 7. Potential employers include retailers.FASHION DESIGNER Alternate Titles: Clothes Designer. or denims. Fashion designers conceptualize and create new clothing. evening dresses. 5 . individual designers may work in very specialized areas. shows. marketing. 3. ready-to-wear product for apparel manufacturers. Fashion design is a demanding and unpredictable job with long hours. such as tshirts. They analyze fashion trends and work closely with production. produce. baby outfits. especially when deadlines approach for launches. 5. sportswear etc. specialty and retail stores.
shape. and color above-average ability for sewing skills. Career Path: Design Assistant > Assistant Designer > Associate Designer > Fashion Director • • • • • • • 6 .Outlook: • • Demand for fashion designers will remain strong as consumers constantly seek new styles and fashion. and the population is growing. drawing and sketching skills computer skills (especially with the use of CAD . Expect long hours in the beginning and be prepared for seasonal slowdowns. Personal Characteristics and Skillsability to discriminate between colors and judge fabric quality & a good eye for style. which creates more overall demand for clothing and accessories.computer assisted design) knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts knowledge of manufacturing and production process ability to deal with ambiguity and rejection and to handle stress due to deadlines good business and marketing skills.
etc. hats. ties. 2. be it men. Job Description: 1. etc. 3. women. to go with clothing. shoes. Accessory designers usually specialize in a specific line of accessories. brides. handbags. Shoe Designer. Accessory designers conceptualize and create designs for jewelry. but also within apparel and fabric markets. in order to react to create pieces that complement the new hot styles in the market. as well as the customers for whom they design these accessories. moms. gloves. Handbag Designer.ACCESSORY DESIGNER Also called: Jewelry Designer. 7 . belts. Accessory designers must always stay in touch not only with trends in their own specialties. and so on. kids.
Few staff positions are available. ability to work independently. so most accessory designers work independently. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • above average ability for creative expression • technical skill in working with materials required for the chosen specialty (such as metal and semi-precious stones for jewelry designers. handle stress due to deadlines Career Path: Design Assistant/ Freelance Accessory Designer > Associate Staff Accessory Designer > Accessory Designs Director 8 .Outlook: • • Accessory design is a highly competitive field that requires a lot of selfmotivation. etc) • persistence and determination. drawing and sketching skills • knowledge of and ability to react to current fashion trends • knowledge of manufacturing and production process • ability to keep production within a tight budget.
A fashion merchandiser needs to be one of the first in the industry to spot the trend. Fashion merchandisers on the apparel production side track and analyze market trends. 3. and previous sales numbers to determine the product direction that the manufacturers will take each season. 9 . Merchandisers are some of the most powerful employees within an apparel company. and have large personnel management responsibilities. 5.FASHION MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandiser. Fashion merchandising professionals on the retail side are responsible for determining store inventory and to price clothes (MPR) 4. They may also be responsible for tracking profits and losses. Apparel Merchandiser Job Description: 1. production costs. 2.
well-organized. Personal Characteristics and Skills – • extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends • highly analytical with strong math skills • ability to predict and create fashion trends • ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions. • ability to work with other executives. detail oriented. there are a number of merchandiser positions open • Those who have the business acumen and good fashion judgment to achieve and maintain profitability in their sector could advance high up the executive ladder. Career Path: Fashion Buyer > Merchandising Assistant > Merchandiser > Merchandising Director 10 . calm under pressure. As a result.Outlook: • Every apparel maker needs at least one fashion merchandiser. decisive.
and even help the customer sell more of the product by arranging special events like trunk shows and in-store fashion shows featuring their products. They show samples. illustrations. assist in solving problems the customer may have with the product. and catalogs of their manufacturer's product line. 2. 5. and must be able to answer any questions regarding the products. Fashion Sales Representatives sell a manufacturer's garments and accessories to Fashion Buyers from wholesale and retail stores. Apparel Sales Representative Job Description: 1.FASHION SALES REPRESENTATIVE Also called: Manufacturer's Representative. sometimes internationally. This is a position that requires a good deal of travel. 11 . 4. Sales representatives usually solicit orders from new and prospective customers within a designated geographical area. 3. They listen to their customers concerns about the product.
Personal Characteristics/Skills – • highly competitive • belief in the product and ability to maintain enthusiasm for it • excellent communication skills .Outlook: • Good to Excellent. • Higher than average growth within the US is projected in this sector.both written and oral • establish good relationships with customers • self-motivated with good follow-through skills • ability to deal with rejection and remain upbeat • knowledge of fashion industry trends and manufacturer's competitors. Career Path: Showroom Sales Representative/Assistant > Sales Representative > Sales Manager > Regional Sales Manager > National Sales Manager > VP Sales 12 . with additional positions available overseas. • Often the key to getting a job is the willingness and flexibility to travel to remote locations.
Showroom Representative Job Description: 1. 2. excellent communication and presentation skills. They work at manufacturers and/or designers offices. friendly. advancement is a good possibility. they are responsible for accurately taking the Fashion Buyers order. 3. 4. • Although a showroom sales rep is a fairly competitive position. college graduates with good communication skills and the right personality have a good chance of being hired. good organizational and computer skills. Once they convince the Fashion Buyer to purchase the manufacturer's products. Personal Characteristics/Skills . They must then make sure that the right quantity of the right product reaches their customers' stores at the right time and in saleable condition. good listener. outgoing. Outlook: • Good to Excellent. Showroom sales reps should expect to work additional long hours during the four to six market weeks or fashion weeks each year. where they meet with visiting Fashion Buyers and show the latest product line.SHOWROOM SALES REPRESENTATIVES Also called: Showroom Salesperson. Career Path: Showroom Sales Assistant > Showroom Sales Representative > Showroom Sales Manager 13 . • With enough experience and some additional education or training.enthusiastic. knowledge of manufacturing and retail sectors of the fashion industry.
• Most aspiring product managers must work up to this senior level. Outlook: • Employment is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012. 3. detail oriented. ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions. 4. • As product managers gain extensive experience and knowledge of the manufacturer's operations. design. They are also responsible for overseeing the set-up and implementation of quality assurance protocols for their product. ability to work with other executives. 2. extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends. calm under pressure. This is a fairly senior position within a manufacturer's organization. Product Managers usually handle a specific product. construction. Career Path: Market Analyst > Merchandiser > Product Manager > Director of Product Management 14 .highly analytical with strong math skills. they can be promoted into an executive leadership position. Personal Characteristics/Skills . well-organized. Product Managers are responsible for overseeing the conceptualization.PRODUCT MANAGER Also called: Product Development Manager Job Description: 1. selling and distribution of a manufacturer or designer's products. or product line. decisive. usually starting at an analyst or assistant position.
Career Path: Fabric Cutter/Grader > Patternmaker > Assistant Designer > Designer. Apparel Patternmaker.great technical skills with an ability to use drafting tools (calipers. pattern makers are vital to the success of a design. 15 . straight and curved rules). patternmakers often act as liaisons between the design and manufacturing groups. squares. good communication skills.CLOTHING PATTERN MAKER Also called: Pattern Maker. • As styles become more complicated. Clothing patternmakers make full-size paper or fiberboard patterns for clothing.computer assisted drawing). detail oriented. expertise with body proportions. understanding of apparel manufacturing process. Because of their understanding of the technical aspect of a design. Personal Characteristics/Skills . designs. manufacturers or as freelancers. and sketches. yet the number of people entering the trade has declined. • There should be opportunities either working for designers. 3. Patternmakers use their expertise in body proportions and knowledge of fabric to translate the designer's apparel sketches into its various pattern pieces. Alternatively Patternmakers may be promoted into Manufacturing/Production Management positions. ability to visualize the finished garment from a designers drawings. good computer skills (specifically with CAD programs . Fabric Patternmaker Job Description: 1. 2. Outlook: • Pattern makers are very important to designers and fashion houses.
ability to manage deadlines and multiple projects. L. Pattern graders are responsible for reducing or enlarging a pattern created by a patternmaker order to produce clothes across a range of sizes (S. etc) and fits (tall. Outlook: • Opportunities for pattern graders are available. anyone starting as a pattern grader should have opportunities to progress on the road to becoming production managers. or computer programs in their work. especially through turnover or attrition. machinery. but may also work for firms that specialize in pattern grading (such as an outsourcing provider). analytical and problem-solving skills.Understanding of apparel construction and manufacturing and patternmaking. M. • With the right attitude. pattern grading is considered more of a technically oriented career than patternmaking or designing. Personal Characteristics/Skills . Career Path: Pattern Grading Assistant > Pattern Grader > Patternmaker > Production Manager 16 . petite). ability to do precise manual work. technical expertise and experience.PATTERN GRADER Also called: Grader Job Description: 1. • Pattern graders may work directly for design houses or manufacturers. good drafting and math skills. In general. Pattern graders may use charts. 2.
Fashion Marketing/Merchandising 17 .
Fashion Marketing/Merchandising • They are responsible for identifying and creating fashion trends to sell the products created by fashion designers. Drawing on their knowledge of consumer psychology and trends. The fashion merchandising field includes jobs in both retail and wholesale sales. they promote fashion with advertising and visual marketing campaigns. 18 .
present. Buyers often make their purchases of apparel and accessories from manufacturers. 4. Buyers for larger department stores usually specialize in a specific line of clothes or accessories (e. Fashion buyers use their sense of style. designers. Buyers must also be good at budgeting and planning inventory so that a good selection of clothing is always available for customers. so it is important for fashion buyers to be able to understand past. and future fashion trends. Buyer Job Description: 1.FASHION BUYER Also called: Apparel Buyer.g. 3. knowledge of fashion trends. or wholesalers for the retailers or departmental stores 1 or 2 seasons in advance.. 2. and understanding of their target customers' desires to create an attractive selection of apparel for retail stores. men's suits or women's denim) 19 .
• Advancement opportunities are good: Those who start at the assistant buyer level have a good chance of becoming full-fledged buyers within 3 to 5 years. but new positions become available as a result of internal promotions of experienced buyers. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Fashion buyers must be fashion-lovers with knowledge of fashion history and trends • good analytical skills • good negotiation abilities • flexible work attitude • excellent budgeting and planning skills • inventory management skills • ability to deal well with deadlines and stress. Career Path: Assistant Fashion Buyer > Fashion Buyer > Divisional Merchandise Manager 20 .Outlook: • Good to Excellent. • The overall number of fashion buyer positions available is expected to decrease.
design house. Long hours and frequent travel are part of the job. 3.CO-ORDINATOR Also called: Fashion Director Job Description: 1. 4. 6. suppliers. and wholesalers to ensure that things are on schedule and colors. 2. Fashion Coordinators are responsible for creating a unified look and feel across all fashion divisions of a department store. 21 . designs. Additional responsibilities of a fashion coordinator may include organizing fashion parades. 5. They are constantly monitoring industry publications and talking to designers in order to understand industry trends and keep up with the latest in fabric and textile development. or fashion magazine. Fashion directors need to assess the potential success of a garment or clothing line and determine the best plan for promotion and marketing. and they also share their analysis with buyers to guide them in making inventory purchases. supervising fashion photography shoots for promotions. Fashion coordinators then share their analyses with retail salespeople and/or editors to guide them in making customer recommendations. and textiles are according to plan. and serving as a middleman with fabric mills.
cuts.Outlook: • Fair to Great. styles. judgment. these are available in areas like fashion magazines. and presentation skills. • There are only a limited number of Fashion Coordinator positions available since it is a high-level position. in-depth understanding of consumer behavior • an interest in artistic and creative pursuits. and department stores. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • excellent understanding of fashion (e. colors. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Assistant Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Director 22 . etc. • However. great networking skills • great organizational skills • excellent communication. negotiation. design houses.) • knowledge and understanding of fashion trends • a flair for style..g. fabrics.
in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion marketplace. visit manufacturers. 4. Fashion Merchandiser Job Description: 1. and make fashion forecasts basted on the information they collect. 2. Retail Merchandisers select. Outlook: Good to Excellent. division or chain. 5. department.RETAIL MERCHANDISER Also called: Merchandise Manager. 3. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Exceptional analytical skills. great leadership and management skills. strong time management skills. Career Path: Buyers > Associate Merchandising Manager > Merchandise Manager > General Merchandising Manager 23 . pricing. forecasting. Like Fashion Buyers. promote and sell clothing and accessories for a retail store. They may also be responsible for organizing and coordinating promotional activities like fashion shows. Long hours and plenty of travel are often part of the job. Merchandisers may also specialize in a specific line of clothing. expertise in planning. designers and merchandise markets. consumers. designers. They study fashion trends. product development and sales. competitors. highly organized. 6. manufacturers and products. purchase. They work with a team of buyers and managers to decide the most effective way to sell their products including advertising and display of merchandise & on how and where best to position and place merchandise.
and seasonal factors. such as holidays (e. and (3) guide their customers' browsing through merchandise placement and store layout to result in an eventual sale. or sold. 4. In addition to drawing on their knowledge of customer tendencies when designing their displays. In larger department stores or retail chains. fashion showrooms. Visual Display Designer Job Description: 1. 3.g. 2. promoted. and any other areas where the store's apparel and accessories are displayed. promotions..VISUAL MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandise Display Artist. Visual Display Artists take into account current fashions and trends. Visual Merchandisers may provide input or oversee the design and layout of a store or department. 5. Visual Merchandisers are responsible for conceptualizing. Visual Merchandisers coordinate with the head office and other design teams (including buyers and sales staff) to ensure consistency with the corporate brand or image. 6. and implementing window and instore displays for both online and brick and mortar retail stores. Their mail goals are: (1) create and maintain an image for a department or store that resonates with their target customers. Visual Merchandisers must combine their creativity and artistic flair with technical know-how to set up displays that maximize the space of the store while effectively catching the eye and appealing to the senses of their target customers. 24 . Christmas and Valentine's Day). (2) increase customer traffic in the store. designing. tradeshow displays.
g.store customer traffic and therefore their bottom lines. • Experienced Visual Merchandisers who have a proven track record of creating great displays may have the option of joining or starting their own firms specializing in visual merchandising for retailers. etc) is helpful. Personal Characteristics and Skills: 1.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. as well as knowledge of fashion and art/design industry trends and forecasts. props. • In the coming years. Visual Merchandiser jobs are projected to grow at a pace higher than the national average. It is also important to have the ability to work well with others. 2. building stet. Creativity is key with an above-average ability for artistic expression. • Now that retailers have realized the positive impact that displays can have on their in. Career Path: Visual Merchandising Assistant > Visual Merchandiser > Visual Merchandising Coordinator > Visual Merchandising Director 25 . or they may be promoted to managerial positions of greater responsibilities. skilled Visual Merchandisers have become more sought after. setting up proper lighting. Technical and design expertise (e.
RETAIL STORE MANAGER Also called: Store Manager. to hiring. and as such must have the right combination of fashion industry knowledge. Retail store managers are very high-level employees who are responsible for overseeing all aspects of a store's operations. 4. Working long hours. weekends. They are ultimately responsible for the store's bottom line. business acumen. 26 . evenings and holidays are often part of the job. 3. Department Store Manager Job Description: 1. ordering a store's merchandise inventory. and interpersonal skills to keep their stores profitable. store managers do or at least are involved in some manner in everything from approving visual displays and print or television advertisements. 2. firing and promoting employees. training. Depending on the size of a store. setting up pricing policies.
accounting. Candidates with retail experience will have the the best opportunity for jobs as store managers. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • interpersonal and management skills • highly organized • detail oriented yet constantly thinking of the big picture • good business skills particularly in marketing. The growth of national chains has created more jobs at companies (instead of small retail stores) and thus created a career development path for many aspiring managers. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Associate Manager > Store Manager > Department Store Manager 27 . sales and management. Job stability for Retail Store Managers is now more than ever determined by the store's ongoing profitability.Outlook: Employment for retail store managers / supervisors is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012.
and more. Boutique owners must be jacks of all trades as they typically oversee all aspects of a boutiques operations from planning and purchasing their inventory. 28 . accessories. dresses. beachwear. One could start a fashion boutique in one of the following areas: sportswear. vintage. tuxedos. 4.BOUTIQUE OWNER Also called: Specialty Store Owner. Owner Job Description: 1. 2. lingerie. novelty items. handbags. Successful boutique owners are very entrepreneurial-minded and driven people who use a combination of savvy business skills and in-depth knowledge of the fashion retail industry to make a profit. T-shirts. 3. Their stores often target a specific customer profile and often carry a specific mix of clothing and/or apparel designers that appeal to this demographic. setting up the in-store displays and managing employees. shoes. watches. sunglasses.
and the value of being one's own boss cannot be underestimated. sell franchises for subsequent locations.Outlook: • Being a small business owner is a dream for many people. Accounting. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • entrepreneurial and risk-taking personality • solid business background in fields such as Marketing. • Often. Sales and Management • in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion retail marketplace. owners can go on to open additional stores. • Once the store is profitable. successful owners are those who can attract investors with a solid business plan and operational structure. excellent time management and communication skills. multi-tasking capabilities. or if they have created a strong enough brand. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Retail Manager > Boutique Owner 29 . including trends and forecasts • flexible. • Setting up a boutique usually requires obtaining a bank loan or drawing from personal savings to cover initial investments.
Fashion Media & Promotions 30 .
and stylists are often employed by catalogs and magazines.Fashion Media & Promotions • The fashion industry offers a number of opportunities for creative professionals who aren't attracted to the design side. • Fashion writers and editors are employed by newspapers. and other media outlets to keep consumers up-to-date on style trends. illustrators. 31 . • Fashion photographs. web sites. magazines.
submitting articles on a freelance basis is often the preferred career direction. 4. 5. models. but for those who specialize in areas like designer collection reviews. Fashion Critic. Most draw upon their personal interest and incorporate their own personality into stories to make their pieces fun. fashion / design websites or blogs. fashion reporters must do thorough research and/or conduct interviews when preparing articles. Fashion Reporter Job Description: 1. formal portraits of designers.. interesting and engaging to readers. Talented fashion editors tend to partner with photographers.. 32 . and of course for television. editors.FASHION WRITER Also called: Fashion Journalist. After developing these stories behind the scenes. they are pitched to chief editors or other fashion media buyers like Vogue or Cosmo.g. Fashion writers produce editorial copy for media outlets such as fashion magazines. celebrities and others who make up fashion's inner circle. newspapers. 2. The majority of the industry's fashion writers work within editorial departments of fashion design firms. 3. who together dig up their own stories e. Like all journalists.
Outlook: • National employment demand for all fashion journalists and writers is expected to grow through 2014. • A love of fashion and knowledge about the industry. designers. • The fashion writing industry can be extremely competitive. historical trends.Good interpersonal communication skills are needed for interviews and dealing with editors. attention to detail. Personal Characteristics . fabrics and business are also important. Skills – • Excellent English communication and writing skills (e. and superior research and fact-checking skills are essential..g. textiles. • Two thirds of the nations working fashion editors will reside in either New York or California (US Dept of Labor). Freelance fashion writers must have persistence and perseverance and be good at marketing their work Career Path: Editorial Assistant > Staff Fashion Writer > Fashion Editor 33 . spelling and grammar).
celebrities. Fashion stylists are responsible for bringing to life a photographer or director's vision for a fashion photo shoot. retailers. Companies such as magazines. 34 . print advertisement. and even models to fit the theme of the shoot. public relations firms. layout. accessories. 3. Stylists may also be employed by agents. newspapers. advertising agencies. commercial. music video. etc.FASHION STYLIST Job Description: 1. catalog publishers. or wealthy clients as wardrobe consultants to help them prepare for major events or appearances. They coordinate colors and styles and ensure that all clothes are ready for the shoot. which can include basic tasks such as steaming and ironing garments. Many stylists also choose to run their own businesses. fashions. television and film production houses. and music production companies often employ fashion stylists. 5. create the mood for the shoot by selecting and setting up the appropriate props. 4. 2. Fashion stylists often scout locations.
bills. Kylie Minogue. Career Path: Intern/Stylist's Apprentice > Assistant Fashion Stylist > Staff Fashion Stylist Famous Fashion Stylists: Jeff Ihenando: Stylist for supermodels Kate Moss. Keira Knightly Wardrobe stylist for Madonna. Mischa Barton. good interpersonal and networking skills • persistence and self-motivation.Outlook: • Aspiring fashion stylists should expect to work their way to the top. • The most successful fashion stylists have extensive networks of contacts within the fashion industry to get the job done quickly and on budget. budgets. Kelly Price 35 . Personal Characteristics and Skills – • eye for style. Libery Ross. etc. clients usually hire stylists they have used in the past or those who have proven success in the business. stylists who maintain a good professional reputation can expect plenty of repeat business and often take advantage of this by setting up their own independent businesses. trends and forecasts • technical know-how for setting up sets. creativity and resourcefulness • broad knowledge of fashion history. • In addition. Naomi Campbell Rachel Zoe: Celebrity clients include Nichole Richie. Lauren Hutton. ability to market oneself • savvy business skills to deal with invoicing. • Once established.
FASHION PUBLIC RELATIONS SPECIALIST Also called: Fashion Publicist. Fashion Media Relations Specialist Job Description: 1. 3. Public Relations (PR) Specialists must find creative ways to keep the company's brand name in the public eye. radio and direct mail. Fashion Public Relations Specialists and Publicists help apparel companies and retail stores build and maintain a favorable public image. 4. 2. PR specialists select information that they want to share with the public and write up press releases or conduct press conferences to distribute the news through television. Because they do not pay for publicity or media coverage. 36 . As such. PR specialists must maintain strong professional relationships with media personnel. newspapers. They are also responsible for interacting with media when questions or crises arise from outside sources.
Career Path: Promotions Assistant > Public Relations Specialist > Public Relations Coordinator > Director of Public Relations 37 . • In addition to working on staff for design houses and retailers.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Knowledge of journalistic basics including proper news release formats • excellent written and oral communication and presentation skills • good interpersonal skills. PR specialists often move into more senior PR Coordinator positions. PR specialists may also work at PR firms that handle work for a variety of clients. • The market for PR specialists focused solely on fashion is growing quickly. After 3-5 years of experience in the field. good time management and multi-tasking skills • ability to maintain an even temperament under stress.
specialty boutiques. In addition. retail stores. developing and presenting content for fashionspecific magazines. and vintage clothing stores 6.FASHION EDITOR Also called: Apparel Editor. working on a per-contract basis and assuming all of the costs of the fashion shoot (e. Some fashion editors choose to freelance. Fashion editors supervise the process of creating. Fashion Producer Job Description: 1. Accessories Editor. editors are often required to travel to keep up with the latest fashion trends through meetings with designers and visits to fashion shows throughout the world (e. 38 . both salaried and freelance editors should enjoy a fastpaced environment.g. beauty and make-up.g. 4.. 2. London. and Milan). New York. they are responsible for deciding the creative influence and direction that their departments will pursue during a given season or issue. accessories.. or television shows. Editors occupy the mid to highest-level positions at publications 3. websites. Paris. clothing and accessories). photo shoots. 5. newspaper sections. Due to the deadline-driven nature of their work. Editors may specialize in apparel. Under guidance of the editor-in-chief. and so on.
television shows. websites. excellent interpersonal and management skills • competitive spirit • ability to perform well under stress. • Because competition for these jobs is fierce. • Growth in any of these sectors means an increased demand for experienced writers and editors. fashion sections of news. Career Path: Associate Editor > Editor > Senior Editor > Editor-in-Chief Famous Fashion Editor-in-Chiefs: Anna Wintour: Vogue Magazine Cindi Leive: Glamour Magazine Robbie Myers: Elle Magazine 39 . entertainment and lifestyle magazines. opportunities for advancement become more readily available. broad knowledge of fashion industry trends and forecasts • excellent writing/journalistic talent with the ability to communicate effectively and clearly • great organization and planning skills. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Passion for fashion. etc. • Once in the system. aspiring editors must be creative. newspapers. hard working and willing to start at the bottom and take opportunities as they arise.Outlook: • Employment of editors and writers is expected to increase 10% to 20% between 2002 and 2012 • There are a variety of outlets in which prospective editors may seek employment including but not limited to: fashion magazines.
brochures. well-trained and skilled illustrators are sought by employers like pattern companies and fashion forecast firms. computer aided design/CAD). ability for self-promotion. high level of creativity and artistic expression. however.. 2. Fashion illustrators conceptualize and create sketches and drawings of apparel. 3. Outlook: • Many of the jobs once performed exclusively by fashion illustrators are now also done by fashion photographers. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent computer skills. Fashion illustrations are used in newspaper and magazine advertising layouts. and other media either by hand or use special computer software programs (e. and flyers. particularly with CAD software. • In addition. shoes. or department store. and accessories for fashion advertisements. basic business know-how. Professional fashion artists may work on a freelance basis for an advertising agency.g. there are still opportunities for fashion illustration and fashion artist jobs. direct mail catalogs. television commercials. catalogues. or out of their own studio. manufacturer. • For example. department store ads. films. Career Path: Fashion Illustrator Freelance > Staff Fashion Illustrator 40 . for whom photographs will not suffice. exceptional drawing skills. full-time jobs are often available with clothing catalog firms.FASHION IILUSTRATOR Also called: Fashion Artist Job Description: 1.
Good sense of style. graphic design firm. or out of their own studio. packaging. ability to collaborate other professionals. book covers. and many other types of materials. Career Path: Paste-up Artist > Graphic Designer > Art Director > Creative Director 41 . ability to tolerate criticism. brochures. • Success for graphic designers is usually based on creativity and design sense. they work on a team with the Art Director and Creative Director in order to conceptualize and create specific designs to be approved by their client. 2. and turnover in top positions. • Faster than average growth is projected for graphic designers in the coming years thanks to the growth of the Internet and the increase in competition among apparel designers and manufacturers. Personal Characteristics/Skills . creativity and imagination. color and design. variety and length of experience. Graphic designers may work for an advertising agency. good computer skills. Outlook: • Good to Excellent. for various fashion businesses. attention to detail. as a freelance designer. or may decide to open their own graphic design firm and hire other designers. advertising. • Those who fit the bill may progress to become art directors or creative directors. including business cards and stationary. Graphic Designers design and prepare camera-ready copy for any type of printed material. fashion magazine. business acumen.GRAPHIC DESIGNER Also called: Graphic Artist Job Description: 1. In large agencies.
In addition to taking pictures. and fashion houses to conceptualize.FASHION PHOTOGRAPHER Also called: Photographer. Catalogue Photographer. 3. Professional fashion photographers must have a good eye for style and beauty and be skilled at working with models to achieve & capture the best possible poses and photos. photographers may also be responsible for scouting locations and hiring models and personnel for the photo shoot 42 . 2. and print still photos and/or videos to show off clothes and accessories in a creative manner that catches the eye of consumers. Magazine Photographer Job Description: 1. Fashion photographers either freelance or are employed by catalogs. shoot. develop. Web sites. magazines.
Mario Testino. Helmut Newton. Mario Sorrenti 43 . including camera operations. Patrick Demarchelier. increased use of the Internet may spur further growth in fashion photography. and aspiring fashion photographers may outnumber the available assignments. • With experience comes more opportunity. Michael Thompson. Career Path: Photographer's Assistant > Staff/Freelance Photographer > Photo Editor > Director of Photography Famous Fashion Photographers: Richard Avedon. darkroom procedures. S • starting as an assistant or an apprentice is one way to get a foot in the door. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Artistic and creative expression • thorough knowledge of the technical and aesthetic aspects of photography. solid interpersonal skills to communicate with models and convey your ideas. Steven Meisel. as Web sites look to continuously refresh their content. composition.Outlook: • Competition for jobs in magazine and commercial photography is stiff. and special characteristics of films and paper • good business and networking skills. and those who can develop a solid portfolio (body of work) may attain full-time staff positions or set up their own studios and work with more exclusive or well-known fashion clients. lighting. • However. ability to promote oneself • knowledge of trends in both photography and fashion industry.
Other Fashion Careers 44 .
for everything from newspapers ads to strutting the catwalk in Milan or Paris 45 .Other fashion career opportunities include --- • costume design . film and theater productions • personal stylist .for TV.positions with high-end department stores and private clients • and modeling work .
2.COSTUME DESIGNER Also called: Theatrical Designer Job Description: 1. and develop costume budgets for the entire production. create sketches of costumes. 4. concerts and stage companies. television. They do research. time period and setting in which the action occurs. 3. Costume Designers research and design for authentic period. costume designers must get a feel for the mood. country or social class costumes. 46 . They work primarily for motion pictures. With any given project. A good costume designer plays a big part in character or time period to vivid life on stage or screen.
Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Creativity. Career Path: Design Assistant. University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer. experience.Outlook: • Employment opportunities for costume designers depends largely upon the Entertainment Industry. • Aspiring costume designers usually start as assistants . this hard work should enable the designer to land a higher-paying job in the television and film industries. knowledge of fashion history and art history • as well as general world history • good research skills • technical skill in designing and dressmaking • ability to work and collaborate with other professionals • ability to handle stress from deadlines.often as unpaid volunteers in college productions. demand for costume designers should follow. University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer. Broadway/OffBroadway Productions > Costume Designer. Television and Film 47 . • As demand for movies and theater grow and the productions themselves become increasingly rich in design and costume. perseverance. and a little luck. • With the right skills.
• With enough experience. good networking skills. great presentation and oral communication skills. enjoy shopping.PERSONAL STYLIST Also called: Wardrobe Consultant. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent fashion sense. 2. • Personal stylists may give classes for small groups or run seminars for a client company. Personal stylists may often shop for their clients and pick out items that suit their image. • Some lucky stylists work exclusively with high-profile celebrities in the sports and entertainment industries where a client's everyday look or image is often more important than how they look while they work. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Related Fashion Position > Personal Stylist 48 . knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts. good listener. ability to promote oneself. Personal Shopper Job Description: 1. Consultants make an evaluation of their clients' physical attributes. personal shoppers and merchandise buyers can gain credentials to work as independent consultants. friendly and tactful. lifestyle. 3. Personal stylists work with individuals or companies to educate clients about general fashion apparel and accessories. and fashion style in order to make recommendations on which fashion choices will help the client achieve and maintain their desired image. Outlook: • Aspiring stylists should first get some experience in fashion retail positions. business savvy.
Karolina Kurkova. those who succeed often segue into careers in fashion and entertainment. Runway Model. Others work in fashion show modeling. a positive attitude. excellent fashion style. which is more theatrical. make-up. Christie Brinkley. retail stores. 3. familiarity with different modeling techniques. custom salons or specialty stores. brochures and catalogs. good people skills. Heidi Klum.FASHION MODEL Also called: Fashion Model. They may model in showrooms. Career Path: Print Model > Runway Model > Supermodel 49 . Models try to convey an idea by their appearance. Print Model Job Description: 1. • Yet. Cindy Crawford. weight and body measurements falling within certain industry standards. Models work with clothing. persuading people to buy the products they advertise. self-discipline. Personal Characteristics/Skills photogenic and physically attractive with height. Famous Supermodels: Kate Moss. formal fashion show procedures and the use of cosmetics. Outlook: • Demand for both male models and models who are representative of diverse racial and ethnic groups should rise higher than average for all models. Others work mainly pose for still photographs used in print ads. and Laetitia Casta. many people aspire to become models and the competition is healthy. • Like most glamorous and high status careers. 2. Tyra Banks. and costume accessories in a variety of poses and settings. Naomi Campbell. Adriana Lima.
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