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• Fashion Design Production Fashion Designer • Fashion Accessory Designer Marketing/Merchandising Fashion Merchandiser Fashion Buyer Fashion Sales Rep Fashion Coordinator Showroom Sales Rep Retail Merchandiser Product Manager Clothing Patternmaker Visual Merchandiser Retail Store Manager Pattern Grader Boutique Owner
• Fashion Media & Promotions Fashion Writer Fashion Stylist Fashion PR Specialist Fashion Editor Fashion Illustrator Graphic Designer Fashion Photographer
• Other Fashion Careers Costume Designer Personal Stylist Model
Fashion Design Production
• Fashion and accessory designers use their knowledge of design principles, techniques, and tools to create sketches and models of original garments, shoes, handbags and other fashion accessories. • They often specialize in a particular facet of clothing design, such as men's, women's, children's wear, or lingerie. • While some fashion designers control the entire design and marketing process, others use the services of patternmakers to create original textiles and trimmings, production managers to oversee the actual creation of the fashion line, and fashion merchandisers to introduce and establish the designs in the fashion marketplace.
maternity clothes. sportswear etc. specialty and retail stores. 5. Apparel Designer Job Description: 1. produce. shows. haute couturiers. Fashion designers conceptualize and create new clothing. or individual jobs. and fashion studios. bridal. kids. an example being tailors who produce custom designs for weddings and other special events. textile and apparel manufacturers. such as tshirts. Fashion design is a demanding and unpredictable job with long hours. maternity. evening dresses. ready-to-wear product for apparel manufacturers. or denims. 2. baby outfits. and individual clients. 3. and sales departments to design. Potential employers include retailers.FASHION DESIGNER Alternate Titles: Clothes Designer. In larger fashion houses. especially when deadlines approach for launches. 6. marketing. 5 . They analyze fashion trends and work closely with production. men. 4. Fashion designers usually specialize in a specific line of clothing such as women. More experienced designers may be required to travel to promote their fashion lines. and promote a finished. 7. individual designers may work in very specialized areas.
computer assisted design) knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts knowledge of manufacturing and production process ability to deal with ambiguity and rejection and to handle stress due to deadlines good business and marketing skills. and the population is growing. and color above-average ability for sewing skills. Personal Characteristics and Skillsability to discriminate between colors and judge fabric quality & a good eye for style. drawing and sketching skills computer skills (especially with the use of CAD . Career Path: Design Assistant > Assistant Designer > Associate Designer > Fashion Director • • • • • • • 6 . which creates more overall demand for clothing and accessories.Outlook: • • Demand for fashion designers will remain strong as consumers constantly seek new styles and fashion. Expect long hours in the beginning and be prepared for seasonal slowdowns. shape.
Handbag Designer. belts.ACCESSORY DESIGNER Also called: Jewelry Designer. Job Description: 1. women. to go with clothing. 3. Accessory designers conceptualize and create designs for jewelry. ties. moms. be it men. hats. gloves. brides. Shoe Designer. Accessory designers usually specialize in a specific line of accessories. in order to react to create pieces that complement the new hot styles in the market. handbags. etc. Accessory designers must always stay in touch not only with trends in their own specialties. 7 . shoes. and so on. 2. as well as the customers for whom they design these accessories. kids. but also within apparel and fabric markets. etc.
Outlook: • • Accessory design is a highly competitive field that requires a lot of selfmotivation. handle stress due to deadlines Career Path: Design Assistant/ Freelance Accessory Designer > Associate Staff Accessory Designer > Accessory Designs Director 8 . so most accessory designers work independently. etc) • persistence and determination. drawing and sketching skills • knowledge of and ability to react to current fashion trends • knowledge of manufacturing and production process • ability to keep production within a tight budget. Few staff positions are available. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • above average ability for creative expression • technical skill in working with materials required for the chosen specialty (such as metal and semi-precious stones for jewelry designers. ability to work independently.
production costs. They may also be responsible for tracking profits and losses. and have large personnel management responsibilities. Merchandisers are some of the most powerful employees within an apparel company. Apparel Merchandiser Job Description: 1. 9 . 2. 5. Fashion merchandisers on the apparel production side track and analyze market trends. and previous sales numbers to determine the product direction that the manufacturers will take each season.FASHION MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandiser. 3. A fashion merchandiser needs to be one of the first in the industry to spot the trend. Fashion merchandising professionals on the retail side are responsible for determining store inventory and to price clothes (MPR) 4.
• ability to work with other executives. Personal Characteristics and Skills – • extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends • highly analytical with strong math skills • ability to predict and create fashion trends • ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions. well-organized. As a result.Outlook: • Every apparel maker needs at least one fashion merchandiser. detail oriented. decisive. there are a number of merchandiser positions open • Those who have the business acumen and good fashion judgment to achieve and maintain profitability in their sector could advance high up the executive ladder. Career Path: Fashion Buyer > Merchandising Assistant > Merchandiser > Merchandising Director 10 . calm under pressure.
They listen to their customers concerns about the product. illustrations. and even help the customer sell more of the product by arranging special events like trunk shows and in-store fashion shows featuring their products. They show samples. This is a position that requires a good deal of travel. and catalogs of their manufacturer's product line. 2.FASHION SALES REPRESENTATIVE Also called: Manufacturer's Representative. 11 . Fashion Sales Representatives sell a manufacturer's garments and accessories to Fashion Buyers from wholesale and retail stores. Sales representatives usually solicit orders from new and prospective customers within a designated geographical area. and must be able to answer any questions regarding the products. Apparel Sales Representative Job Description: 1. 4. assist in solving problems the customer may have with the product. 3. 5. sometimes internationally.
• Higher than average growth within the US is projected in this sector. with additional positions available overseas. Career Path: Showroom Sales Representative/Assistant > Sales Representative > Sales Manager > Regional Sales Manager > National Sales Manager > VP Sales 12 .both written and oral • establish good relationships with customers • self-motivated with good follow-through skills • ability to deal with rejection and remain upbeat • knowledge of fashion industry trends and manufacturer's competitors. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • highly competitive • belief in the product and ability to maintain enthusiasm for it • excellent communication skills .Outlook: • Good to Excellent. • Often the key to getting a job is the willingness and flexibility to travel to remote locations.
outgoing. Career Path: Showroom Sales Assistant > Showroom Sales Representative > Showroom Sales Manager 13 . They work at manufacturers and/or designers offices. excellent communication and presentation skills.SHOWROOM SALES REPRESENTATIVES Also called: Showroom Salesperson. knowledge of manufacturing and retail sectors of the fashion industry. 4. Once they convince the Fashion Buyer to purchase the manufacturer's products. • Although a showroom sales rep is a fairly competitive position. college graduates with good communication skills and the right personality have a good chance of being hired. They must then make sure that the right quantity of the right product reaches their customers' stores at the right time and in saleable condition. they are responsible for accurately taking the Fashion Buyers order. advancement is a good possibility. good organizational and computer skills. friendly. Outlook: • Good to Excellent. Showroom Representative Job Description: 1. 3.enthusiastic. 2. good listener. • With enough experience and some additional education or training. Personal Characteristics/Skills . Showroom sales reps should expect to work additional long hours during the four to six market weeks or fashion weeks each year. where they meet with visiting Fashion Buyers and show the latest product line.
highly analytical with strong math skills. Product Managers usually handle a specific product. • Most aspiring product managers must work up to this senior level. well-organized. ability to work with other executives. Outlook: • Employment is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012. This is a fairly senior position within a manufacturer's organization. They are also responsible for overseeing the set-up and implementation of quality assurance protocols for their product. they can be promoted into an executive leadership position. calm under pressure.PRODUCT MANAGER Also called: Product Development Manager Job Description: 1. or product line. Career Path: Market Analyst > Merchandiser > Product Manager > Director of Product Management 14 . Product Managers are responsible for overseeing the conceptualization. usually starting at an analyst or assistant position. • As product managers gain extensive experience and knowledge of the manufacturer's operations. 4. 2. decisive. ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions. selling and distribution of a manufacturer or designer's products. 3. Personal Characteristics/Skills . construction. design. extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends. detail oriented.
Because of their understanding of the technical aspect of a design. 3. understanding of apparel manufacturing process. patternmakers often act as liaisons between the design and manufacturing groups. ability to visualize the finished garment from a designers drawings. Patternmakers use their expertise in body proportions and knowledge of fabric to translate the designer's apparel sketches into its various pattern pieces. Outlook: • Pattern makers are very important to designers and fashion houses. Personal Characteristics/Skills . • There should be opportunities either working for designers. Fabric Patternmaker Job Description: 1. Career Path: Fabric Cutter/Grader > Patternmaker > Assistant Designer > Designer.CLOTHING PATTERN MAKER Also called: Pattern Maker. and sketches.computer assisted drawing). manufacturers or as freelancers. yet the number of people entering the trade has declined. good communication skills. detail oriented. 15 . good computer skills (specifically with CAD programs . Clothing patternmakers make full-size paper or fiberboard patterns for clothing.great technical skills with an ability to use drafting tools (calipers. • As styles become more complicated. pattern makers are vital to the success of a design. designs. Apparel Patternmaker. Alternatively Patternmakers may be promoted into Manufacturing/Production Management positions. 2. expertise with body proportions. straight and curved rules). squares.
etc) and fits (tall. machinery. especially through turnover or attrition. analytical and problem-solving skills. technical expertise and experience. pattern grading is considered more of a technically oriented career than patternmaking or designing. good drafting and math skills. Pattern graders are responsible for reducing or enlarging a pattern created by a patternmaker order to produce clothes across a range of sizes (S. ability to manage deadlines and multiple projects. or computer programs in their work. but may also work for firms that specialize in pattern grading (such as an outsourcing provider).Understanding of apparel construction and manufacturing and patternmaking. • Pattern graders may work directly for design houses or manufacturers. Outlook: • Opportunities for pattern graders are available. Personal Characteristics/Skills . L. • With the right attitude. M. In general.PATTERN GRADER Also called: Grader Job Description: 1. Pattern graders may use charts. Career Path: Pattern Grading Assistant > Pattern Grader > Patternmaker > Production Manager 16 . ability to do precise manual work. 2. anyone starting as a pattern grader should have opportunities to progress on the road to becoming production managers. petite).
Fashion Marketing/Merchandising 17 .
they promote fashion with advertising and visual marketing campaigns. Drawing on their knowledge of consumer psychology and trends. 18 . The fashion merchandising field includes jobs in both retail and wholesale sales.Fashion Marketing/Merchandising • They are responsible for identifying and creating fashion trends to sell the products created by fashion designers.
so it is important for fashion buyers to be able to understand past. and future fashion trends. present. 2. 4.g. knowledge of fashion trends. or wholesalers for the retailers or departmental stores 1 or 2 seasons in advance. Buyers for larger department stores usually specialize in a specific line of clothes or accessories (e. men's suits or women's denim) 19 . Fashion buyers use their sense of style. 3. Buyer Job Description: 1. Buyers must also be good at budgeting and planning inventory so that a good selection of clothing is always available for customers..FASHION BUYER Also called: Apparel Buyer. designers. Buyers often make their purchases of apparel and accessories from manufacturers. and understanding of their target customers' desires to create an attractive selection of apparel for retail stores.
but new positions become available as a result of internal promotions of experienced buyers.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. • The overall number of fashion buyer positions available is expected to decrease. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Fashion buyers must be fashion-lovers with knowledge of fashion history and trends • good analytical skills • good negotiation abilities • flexible work attitude • excellent budgeting and planning skills • inventory management skills • ability to deal well with deadlines and stress. Career Path: Assistant Fashion Buyer > Fashion Buyer > Divisional Merchandise Manager 20 . • Advancement opportunities are good: Those who start at the assistant buyer level have a good chance of becoming full-fledged buyers within 3 to 5 years.
or fashion magazine. and wholesalers to ensure that things are on schedule and colors. suppliers. 4. and they also share their analysis with buyers to guide them in making inventory purchases.CO-ORDINATOR Also called: Fashion Director Job Description: 1. supervising fashion photography shoots for promotions. 21 . Fashion coordinators then share their analyses with retail salespeople and/or editors to guide them in making customer recommendations. 2. They are constantly monitoring industry publications and talking to designers in order to understand industry trends and keep up with the latest in fabric and textile development. and serving as a middleman with fabric mills. Long hours and frequent travel are part of the job. and textiles are according to plan. Additional responsibilities of a fashion coordinator may include organizing fashion parades. 6. 3. 5. Fashion Coordinators are responsible for creating a unified look and feel across all fashion divisions of a department store. designs. design house. Fashion directors need to assess the potential success of a garment or clothing line and determine the best plan for promotion and marketing.
g. these are available in areas like fashion magazines. fabrics. negotiation. great networking skills • great organizational skills • excellent communication. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • excellent understanding of fashion (e. cuts.) • knowledge and understanding of fashion trends • a flair for style. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Assistant Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Director 22 . and department stores. colors. in-depth understanding of consumer behavior • an interest in artistic and creative pursuits. • There are only a limited number of Fashion Coordinator positions available since it is a high-level position. • However. styles. judgment..Outlook: • Fair to Great. and presentation skills. etc. design houses.
in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion marketplace. product development and sales. Career Path: Buyers > Associate Merchandising Manager > Merchandise Manager > General Merchandising Manager 23 . and make fashion forecasts basted on the information they collect. division or chain. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Exceptional analytical skills. department. Outlook: Good to Excellent. consumers. Fashion Merchandiser Job Description: 1.RETAIL MERCHANDISER Also called: Merchandise Manager. They work with a team of buyers and managers to decide the most effective way to sell their products including advertising and display of merchandise & on how and where best to position and place merchandise. Long hours and plenty of travel are often part of the job. Merchandisers may also specialize in a specific line of clothing. 3. highly organized. strong time management skills. visit manufacturers. forecasting. designers. purchase. They study fashion trends. They may also be responsible for organizing and coordinating promotional activities like fashion shows. expertise in planning. Like Fashion Buyers. manufacturers and products. designers and merchandise markets. Retail Merchandisers select. promote and sell clothing and accessories for a retail store. 6. pricing. 5. 2. great leadership and management skills. competitors. 4.
tradeshow displays. Christmas and Valentine's Day). and implementing window and instore displays for both online and brick and mortar retail stores. Visual Merchandisers may provide input or oversee the design and layout of a store or department. (2) increase customer traffic in the store. promotions. Visual Merchandisers must combine their creativity and artistic flair with technical know-how to set up displays that maximize the space of the store while effectively catching the eye and appealing to the senses of their target customers. and any other areas where the store's apparel and accessories are displayed. 4. and (3) guide their customers' browsing through merchandise placement and store layout to result in an eventual sale. Visual Merchandisers coordinate with the head office and other design teams (including buyers and sales staff) to ensure consistency with the corporate brand or image. designing. Visual Merchandisers are responsible for conceptualizing. 3. 2.VISUAL MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandise Display Artist. promoted. 5. such as holidays (e. Their mail goals are: (1) create and maintain an image for a department or store that resonates with their target customers.g. Visual Display Artists take into account current fashions and trends. 24 . In larger department stores or retail chains. or sold.. 6. fashion showrooms. and seasonal factors. In addition to drawing on their knowledge of customer tendencies when designing their displays. Visual Display Designer Job Description: 1.
Outlook: • Good to Excellent.g. It is also important to have the ability to work well with others. skilled Visual Merchandisers have become more sought after. as well as knowledge of fashion and art/design industry trends and forecasts.store customer traffic and therefore their bottom lines. setting up proper lighting. props. • Now that retailers have realized the positive impact that displays can have on their in. or they may be promoted to managerial positions of greater responsibilities. Personal Characteristics and Skills: 1. • Experienced Visual Merchandisers who have a proven track record of creating great displays may have the option of joining or starting their own firms specializing in visual merchandising for retailers. etc) is helpful. Visual Merchandiser jobs are projected to grow at a pace higher than the national average. 2. building stet. Career Path: Visual Merchandising Assistant > Visual Merchandiser > Visual Merchandising Coordinator > Visual Merchandising Director 25 . • In the coming years. Creativity is key with an above-average ability for artistic expression. Technical and design expertise (e.
evenings and holidays are often part of the job. 26 . 2. They are ultimately responsible for the store's bottom line. and as such must have the right combination of fashion industry knowledge. 3. Department Store Manager Job Description: 1.RETAIL STORE MANAGER Also called: Store Manager. firing and promoting employees. to hiring. Retail store managers are very high-level employees who are responsible for overseeing all aspects of a store's operations. ordering a store's merchandise inventory. setting up pricing policies. and interpersonal skills to keep their stores profitable. training. Depending on the size of a store. business acumen. Working long hours. 4. weekends. store managers do or at least are involved in some manner in everything from approving visual displays and print or television advertisements.
The growth of national chains has created more jobs at companies (instead of small retail stores) and thus created a career development path for many aspiring managers. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • interpersonal and management skills • highly organized • detail oriented yet constantly thinking of the big picture • good business skills particularly in marketing. sales and management. Job stability for Retail Store Managers is now more than ever determined by the store's ongoing profitability. Candidates with retail experience will have the the best opportunity for jobs as store managers. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Associate Manager > Store Manager > Department Store Manager 27 . accounting.Outlook: Employment for retail store managers / supervisors is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012.
novelty items. Boutique owners must be jacks of all trades as they typically oversee all aspects of a boutiques operations from planning and purchasing their inventory. Owner Job Description: 1. 4. shoes. tuxedos. 3. setting up the in-store displays and managing employees. lingerie. dresses. vintage. sunglasses. beachwear. T-shirts. Their stores often target a specific customer profile and often carry a specific mix of clothing and/or apparel designers that appeal to this demographic. watches. One could start a fashion boutique in one of the following areas: sportswear. handbags. 2. Successful boutique owners are very entrepreneurial-minded and driven people who use a combination of savvy business skills and in-depth knowledge of the fashion retail industry to make a profit. 28 . and more. accessories.BOUTIQUE OWNER Also called: Specialty Store Owner.
and the value of being one's own boss cannot be underestimated.Outlook: • Being a small business owner is a dream for many people. Accounting. multi-tasking capabilities. successful owners are those who can attract investors with a solid business plan and operational structure. or if they have created a strong enough brand. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Retail Manager > Boutique Owner 29 . excellent time management and communication skills. including trends and forecasts • flexible. owners can go on to open additional stores. • Setting up a boutique usually requires obtaining a bank loan or drawing from personal savings to cover initial investments. sell franchises for subsequent locations. • Often. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • entrepreneurial and risk-taking personality • solid business background in fields such as Marketing. • Once the store is profitable. Sales and Management • in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion retail marketplace.
Fashion Media & Promotions 30 .
and other media outlets to keep consumers up-to-date on style trends. 31 . • Fashion writers and editors are employed by newspapers. illustrators. • Fashion photographs. magazines.Fashion Media & Promotions • The fashion industry offers a number of opportunities for creative professionals who aren't attracted to the design side. and stylists are often employed by catalogs and magazines. web sites.
submitting articles on a freelance basis is often the preferred career direction... After developing these stories behind the scenes. fashion reporters must do thorough research and/or conduct interviews when preparing articles. and of course for television. Talented fashion editors tend to partner with photographers. formal portraits of designers. Fashion Reporter Job Description: 1. celebrities and others who make up fashion's inner circle. who together dig up their own stories e. 32 . interesting and engaging to readers. The majority of the industry's fashion writers work within editorial departments of fashion design firms. fashion / design websites or blogs. Like all journalists. 4. 2. Fashion writers produce editorial copy for media outlets such as fashion magazines. Most draw upon their personal interest and incorporate their own personality into stories to make their pieces fun.FASHION WRITER Also called: Fashion Journalist. they are pitched to chief editors or other fashion media buyers like Vogue or Cosmo. newspapers.g. 3. 5. editors. models. Fashion Critic. but for those who specialize in areas like designer collection reviews.
spelling and grammar). Personal Characteristics . Freelance fashion writers must have persistence and perseverance and be good at marketing their work Career Path: Editorial Assistant > Staff Fashion Writer > Fashion Editor 33 . historical trends. Skills – • Excellent English communication and writing skills (e. • Two thirds of the nations working fashion editors will reside in either New York or California (US Dept of Labor)..Outlook: • National employment demand for all fashion journalists and writers is expected to grow through 2014.Good interpersonal communication skills are needed for interviews and dealing with editors.g. textiles. • The fashion writing industry can be extremely competitive. • A love of fashion and knowledge about the industry. designers. fabrics and business are also important. and superior research and fact-checking skills are essential. attention to detail.
newspapers. and music production companies often employ fashion stylists. Companies such as magazines. Stylists may also be employed by agents. They coordinate colors and styles and ensure that all clothes are ready for the shoot. 2. retailers. and even models to fit the theme of the shoot. celebrities. advertising agencies. 34 . public relations firms. Fashion stylists are responsible for bringing to life a photographer or director's vision for a fashion photo shoot. layout. or wealthy clients as wardrobe consultants to help them prepare for major events or appearances. catalog publishers. which can include basic tasks such as steaming and ironing garments. music video. television and film production houses. Many stylists also choose to run their own businesses. commercial. 4. create the mood for the shoot by selecting and setting up the appropriate props. 3. etc. print advertisement. Fashion stylists often scout locations. 5. accessories. fashions.FASHION STYLIST Job Description: 1.
• The most successful fashion stylists have extensive networks of contacts within the fashion industry to get the job done quickly and on budget. Mischa Barton. clients usually hire stylists they have used in the past or those who have proven success in the business. bills. Kelly Price 35 . good interpersonal and networking skills • persistence and self-motivation. trends and forecasts • technical know-how for setting up sets. budgets. creativity and resourcefulness • broad knowledge of fashion history. Keira Knightly Wardrobe stylist for Madonna. Lauren Hutton. Career Path: Intern/Stylist's Apprentice > Assistant Fashion Stylist > Staff Fashion Stylist Famous Fashion Stylists: Jeff Ihenando: Stylist for supermodels Kate Moss. Personal Characteristics and Skills – • eye for style. ability to market oneself • savvy business skills to deal with invoicing. etc. Kylie Minogue. Libery Ross. • In addition. • Once established. Naomi Campbell Rachel Zoe: Celebrity clients include Nichole Richie.Outlook: • Aspiring fashion stylists should expect to work their way to the top. stylists who maintain a good professional reputation can expect plenty of repeat business and often take advantage of this by setting up their own independent businesses.
36 . PR specialists must maintain strong professional relationships with media personnel. Because they do not pay for publicity or media coverage. PR specialists select information that they want to share with the public and write up press releases or conduct press conferences to distribute the news through television. They are also responsible for interacting with media when questions or crises arise from outside sources. radio and direct mail. 2. As such. 3. 4. Public Relations (PR) Specialists must find creative ways to keep the company's brand name in the public eye. newspapers. Fashion Media Relations Specialist Job Description: 1.FASHION PUBLIC RELATIONS SPECIALIST Also called: Fashion Publicist. Fashion Public Relations Specialists and Publicists help apparel companies and retail stores build and maintain a favorable public image.
Career Path: Promotions Assistant > Public Relations Specialist > Public Relations Coordinator > Director of Public Relations 37 . After 3-5 years of experience in the field. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Knowledge of journalistic basics including proper news release formats • excellent written and oral communication and presentation skills • good interpersonal skills. • In addition to working on staff for design houses and retailers. • The market for PR specialists focused solely on fashion is growing quickly.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. PR specialists often move into more senior PR Coordinator positions. PR specialists may also work at PR firms that handle work for a variety of clients. good time management and multi-tasking skills • ability to maintain an even temperament under stress.
.g. or television shows. Some fashion editors choose to freelance. both salaried and freelance editors should enjoy a fastpaced environment. Fashion editors supervise the process of creating. Due to the deadline-driven nature of their work. Editors may specialize in apparel. editors are often required to travel to keep up with the latest fashion trends through meetings with designers and visits to fashion shows throughout the world (e. 4. developing and presenting content for fashionspecific magazines. websites. photo shoots. 5.FASHION EDITOR Also called: Apparel Editor. accessories. specialty boutiques. newspaper sections.. 2. Fashion Producer Job Description: 1. and vintage clothing stores 6. Accessories Editor. and Milan). 38 . retail stores. beauty and make-up.g. they are responsible for deciding the creative influence and direction that their departments will pursue during a given season or issue. clothing and accessories). Paris. In addition. working on a per-contract basis and assuming all of the costs of the fashion shoot (e. London. and so on. Editors occupy the mid to highest-level positions at publications 3. New York. Under guidance of the editor-in-chief.
• Growth in any of these sectors means an increased demand for experienced writers and editors. newspapers. opportunities for advancement become more readily available. excellent interpersonal and management skills • competitive spirit • ability to perform well under stress.Outlook: • Employment of editors and writers is expected to increase 10% to 20% between 2002 and 2012 • There are a variety of outlets in which prospective editors may seek employment including but not limited to: fashion magazines. hard working and willing to start at the bottom and take opportunities as they arise. television shows. • Once in the system. Career Path: Associate Editor > Editor > Senior Editor > Editor-in-Chief Famous Fashion Editor-in-Chiefs: Anna Wintour: Vogue Magazine Cindi Leive: Glamour Magazine Robbie Myers: Elle Magazine 39 . fashion sections of news. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Passion for fashion. broad knowledge of fashion industry trends and forecasts • excellent writing/journalistic talent with the ability to communicate effectively and clearly • great organization and planning skills. aspiring editors must be creative. websites. etc. entertainment and lifestyle magazines. • Because competition for these jobs is fierce.
Outlook: • Many of the jobs once performed exclusively by fashion illustrators are now also done by fashion photographers. for whom photographs will not suffice. and accessories for fashion advertisements. basic business know-how. 2. well-trained and skilled illustrators are sought by employers like pattern companies and fashion forecast firms. department store ads. television commercials. Career Path: Fashion Illustrator Freelance > Staff Fashion Illustrator 40 . • For example.FASHION IILUSTRATOR Also called: Fashion Artist Job Description: 1. exceptional drawing skills. Fashion illustrators conceptualize and create sketches and drawings of apparel. manufacturer. shoes.g. full-time jobs are often available with clothing catalog firms. and other media either by hand or use special computer software programs (e. films. high level of creativity and artistic expression. brochures. direct mail catalogs. Fashion illustrations are used in newspaper and magazine advertising layouts. and flyers. particularly with CAD software. ability for self-promotion. there are still opportunities for fashion illustration and fashion artist jobs. however. or out of their own studio. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent computer skills.. computer aided design/CAD). • In addition. Professional fashion artists may work on a freelance basis for an advertising agency. or department store. 3. catalogues.
or may decide to open their own graphic design firm and hire other designers. • Those who fit the bill may progress to become art directors or creative directors. color and design.GRAPHIC DESIGNER Also called: Graphic Artist Job Description: 1. Graphic Designers design and prepare camera-ready copy for any type of printed material. for various fashion businesses. packaging. graphic design firm. they work on a team with the Art Director and Creative Director in order to conceptualize and create specific designs to be approved by their client. ability to collaborate other professionals. advertising. as a freelance designer. good computer skills. brochures. • Faster than average growth is projected for graphic designers in the coming years thanks to the growth of the Internet and the increase in competition among apparel designers and manufacturers. Outlook: • Good to Excellent. and turnover in top positions. ability to tolerate criticism. • Success for graphic designers is usually based on creativity and design sense. attention to detail. Career Path: Paste-up Artist > Graphic Designer > Art Director > Creative Director 41 . 2. including business cards and stationary. Graphic designers may work for an advertising agency. Personal Characteristics/Skills . business acumen. fashion magazine. or out of their own studio. and many other types of materials. book covers.Good sense of style. creativity and imagination. variety and length of experience. In large agencies.
photographers may also be responsible for scouting locations and hiring models and personnel for the photo shoot 42 . 3. develop. Magazine Photographer Job Description: 1. Fashion photographers either freelance or are employed by catalogs. shoot. 2. Web sites. Catalogue Photographer. and fashion houses to conceptualize. In addition to taking pictures. and print still photos and/or videos to show off clothes and accessories in a creative manner that catches the eye of consumers. magazines.FASHION PHOTOGRAPHER Also called: Photographer. Professional fashion photographers must have a good eye for style and beauty and be skilled at working with models to achieve & capture the best possible poses and photos.
Patrick Demarchelier. solid interpersonal skills to communicate with models and convey your ideas. as Web sites look to continuously refresh their content. Helmut Newton. composition. Mario Sorrenti 43 . lighting. and aspiring fashion photographers may outnumber the available assignments. Mario Testino. increased use of the Internet may spur further growth in fashion photography. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Artistic and creative expression • thorough knowledge of the technical and aesthetic aspects of photography. darkroom procedures. and those who can develop a solid portfolio (body of work) may attain full-time staff positions or set up their own studios and work with more exclusive or well-known fashion clients. Michael Thompson. • With experience comes more opportunity. and special characteristics of films and paper • good business and networking skills.Outlook: • Competition for jobs in magazine and commercial photography is stiff. Steven Meisel. ability to promote oneself • knowledge of trends in both photography and fashion industry. including camera operations. S • starting as an assistant or an apprentice is one way to get a foot in the door. Career Path: Photographer's Assistant > Staff/Freelance Photographer > Photo Editor > Director of Photography Famous Fashion Photographers: Richard Avedon. • However.
Other Fashion Careers 44 .
Other fashion career opportunities include --- • costume design .for TV. film and theater productions • personal stylist .for everything from newspapers ads to strutting the catwalk in Milan or Paris 45 .positions with high-end department stores and private clients • and modeling work .
COSTUME DESIGNER Also called: Theatrical Designer Job Description: 1. With any given project. They do research. They work primarily for motion pictures. 4. create sketches of costumes. Costume Designers research and design for authentic period. A good costume designer plays a big part in character or time period to vivid life on stage or screen. concerts and stage companies. 46 . television. country or social class costumes. and develop costume budgets for the entire production. 3. time period and setting in which the action occurs. 2. costume designers must get a feel for the mood.
Broadway/OffBroadway Productions > Costume Designer. • Aspiring costume designers usually start as assistants .Outlook: • Employment opportunities for costume designers depends largely upon the Entertainment Industry. and a little luck. Career Path: Design Assistant. demand for costume designers should follow. experience. this hard work should enable the designer to land a higher-paying job in the television and film industries.often as unpaid volunteers in college productions. Television and Film 47 . • With the right skills. • As demand for movies and theater grow and the productions themselves become increasingly rich in design and costume. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Creativity. perseverance. knowledge of fashion history and art history • as well as general world history • good research skills • technical skill in designing and dressmaking • ability to work and collaborate with other professionals • ability to handle stress from deadlines. University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer. University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer.
lifestyle. • Some lucky stylists work exclusively with high-profile celebrities in the sports and entertainment industries where a client's everyday look or image is often more important than how they look while they work. and fashion style in order to make recommendations on which fashion choices will help the client achieve and maintain their desired image. Consultants make an evaluation of their clients' physical attributes. business savvy. enjoy shopping. Outlook: • Aspiring stylists should first get some experience in fashion retail positions. personal shoppers and merchandise buyers can gain credentials to work as independent consultants. knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent fashion sense. 2. Personal stylists may often shop for their clients and pick out items that suit their image. good listener. 3. friendly and tactful. • Personal stylists may give classes for small groups or run seminars for a client company. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Related Fashion Position > Personal Stylist 48 . • With enough experience. good networking skills. Personal Shopper Job Description: 1. Personal stylists work with individuals or companies to educate clients about general fashion apparel and accessories. great presentation and oral communication skills.PERSONAL STYLIST Also called: Wardrobe Consultant. ability to promote oneself.
and costume accessories in a variety of poses and settings. Models work with clothing. familiarity with different modeling techniques. custom salons or specialty stores. excellent fashion style. persuading people to buy the products they advertise. Tyra Banks. many people aspire to become models and the competition is healthy. Career Path: Print Model > Runway Model > Supermodel 49 . Models try to convey an idea by their appearance. Others work in fashion show modeling. brochures and catalogs. which is more theatrical. Naomi Campbell. Cindy Crawford. Runway Model. • Yet. • Like most glamorous and high status careers. a positive attitude. and Laetitia Casta. Karolina Kurkova. weight and body measurements falling within certain industry standards. retail stores. self-discipline. Others work mainly pose for still photographs used in print ads. Personal Characteristics/Skills photogenic and physically attractive with height. 3. Heidi Klum. those who succeed often segue into careers in fashion and entertainment. They may model in showrooms. make-up. formal fashion show procedures and the use of cosmetics. Adriana Lima. Christie Brinkley.FASHION MODEL Also called: Fashion Model. Outlook: • Demand for both male models and models who are representative of diverse racial and ethnic groups should rise higher than average for all models. 2. Print Model Job Description: 1. Famous Supermodels: Kate Moss. good people skills.
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