This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
• Fashion Design Production Fashion Designer • Fashion Accessory Designer Marketing/Merchandising Fashion Merchandiser Fashion Buyer Fashion Sales Rep Fashion Coordinator Showroom Sales Rep Retail Merchandiser Product Manager Clothing Patternmaker Visual Merchandiser Retail Store Manager Pattern Grader Boutique Owner
• Fashion Media & Promotions Fashion Writer Fashion Stylist Fashion PR Specialist Fashion Editor Fashion Illustrator Graphic Designer Fashion Photographer
• Other Fashion Careers Costume Designer Personal Stylist Model
Fashion Design Production
• Fashion and accessory designers use their knowledge of design principles, techniques, and tools to create sketches and models of original garments, shoes, handbags and other fashion accessories. • They often specialize in a particular facet of clothing design, such as men's, women's, children's wear, or lingerie. • While some fashion designers control the entire design and marketing process, others use the services of patternmakers to create original textiles and trimmings, production managers to oversee the actual creation of the fashion line, and fashion merchandisers to introduce and establish the designs in the fashion marketplace.
5 . especially when deadlines approach for launches. ready-to-wear product for apparel manufacturers. sportswear etc. Fashion designers usually specialize in a specific line of clothing such as women. evening dresses. an example being tailors who produce custom designs for weddings and other special events. maternity. produce.FASHION DESIGNER Alternate Titles: Clothes Designer. individual designers may work in very specialized areas. and fashion studios. Fashion designers conceptualize and create new clothing. bridal. such as tshirts. In larger fashion houses. They analyze fashion trends and work closely with production. specialty and retail stores. or individual jobs. shows. 6. Potential employers include retailers. and individual clients. 5. and promote a finished. 3. textile and apparel manufacturers. Fashion design is a demanding and unpredictable job with long hours. and sales departments to design. Apparel Designer Job Description: 1. 2. 7. maternity clothes. haute couturiers. More experienced designers may be required to travel to promote their fashion lines. baby outfits. or denims. marketing. men. kids. 4.
computer assisted design) knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts knowledge of manufacturing and production process ability to deal with ambiguity and rejection and to handle stress due to deadlines good business and marketing skills. shape. drawing and sketching skills computer skills (especially with the use of CAD .Outlook: • • Demand for fashion designers will remain strong as consumers constantly seek new styles and fashion. which creates more overall demand for clothing and accessories. Expect long hours in the beginning and be prepared for seasonal slowdowns. and color above-average ability for sewing skills. Personal Characteristics and Skillsability to discriminate between colors and judge fabric quality & a good eye for style. Career Path: Design Assistant > Assistant Designer > Associate Designer > Fashion Director • • • • • • • 6 . and the population is growing.
to go with clothing. as well as the customers for whom they design these accessories. handbags. hats. brides. Job Description: 1. Accessory designers must always stay in touch not only with trends in their own specialties. gloves. Handbag Designer. shoes. be it men. 2. ties. but also within apparel and fabric markets. Accessory designers conceptualize and create designs for jewelry. and so on. 3. in order to react to create pieces that complement the new hot styles in the market. kids.ACCESSORY DESIGNER Also called: Jewelry Designer. belts. Shoe Designer. Accessory designers usually specialize in a specific line of accessories. etc. women. moms. etc. 7 .
so most accessory designers work independently. drawing and sketching skills • knowledge of and ability to react to current fashion trends • knowledge of manufacturing and production process • ability to keep production within a tight budget. Few staff positions are available. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • above average ability for creative expression • technical skill in working with materials required for the chosen specialty (such as metal and semi-precious stones for jewelry designers. handle stress due to deadlines Career Path: Design Assistant/ Freelance Accessory Designer > Associate Staff Accessory Designer > Accessory Designs Director 8 . etc) • persistence and determination. ability to work independently.Outlook: • • Accessory design is a highly competitive field that requires a lot of selfmotivation.
production costs. Apparel Merchandiser Job Description: 1. A fashion merchandiser needs to be one of the first in the industry to spot the trend. Fashion merchandisers on the apparel production side track and analyze market trends.FASHION MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandiser. Merchandisers are some of the most powerful employees within an apparel company. 5. 9 . Fashion merchandising professionals on the retail side are responsible for determining store inventory and to price clothes (MPR) 4. 3. They may also be responsible for tracking profits and losses. and have large personnel management responsibilities. and previous sales numbers to determine the product direction that the manufacturers will take each season. 2.
there are a number of merchandiser positions open • Those who have the business acumen and good fashion judgment to achieve and maintain profitability in their sector could advance high up the executive ladder. Career Path: Fashion Buyer > Merchandising Assistant > Merchandiser > Merchandising Director 10 .Outlook: • Every apparel maker needs at least one fashion merchandiser. Personal Characteristics and Skills – • extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends • highly analytical with strong math skills • ability to predict and create fashion trends • ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions. calm under pressure. detail oriented. • ability to work with other executives. well-organized. As a result. decisive.
assist in solving problems the customer may have with the product. They show samples. 11 . sometimes internationally. Fashion Sales Representatives sell a manufacturer's garments and accessories to Fashion Buyers from wholesale and retail stores. and catalogs of their manufacturer's product line. 4. Sales representatives usually solicit orders from new and prospective customers within a designated geographical area. 5. This is a position that requires a good deal of travel. Apparel Sales Representative Job Description: 1.FASHION SALES REPRESENTATIVE Also called: Manufacturer's Representative. illustrations. 3. 2. and must be able to answer any questions regarding the products. and even help the customer sell more of the product by arranging special events like trunk shows and in-store fashion shows featuring their products. They listen to their customers concerns about the product.
with additional positions available overseas. • Higher than average growth within the US is projected in this sector.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. • Often the key to getting a job is the willingness and flexibility to travel to remote locations. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • highly competitive • belief in the product and ability to maintain enthusiasm for it • excellent communication skills . Career Path: Showroom Sales Representative/Assistant > Sales Representative > Sales Manager > Regional Sales Manager > National Sales Manager > VP Sales 12 .both written and oral • establish good relationships with customers • self-motivated with good follow-through skills • ability to deal with rejection and remain upbeat • knowledge of fashion industry trends and manufacturer's competitors.
college graduates with good communication skills and the right personality have a good chance of being hired. • Although a showroom sales rep is a fairly competitive position. 4. good organizational and computer skills. They work at manufacturers and/or designers offices.enthusiastic. Career Path: Showroom Sales Assistant > Showroom Sales Representative > Showroom Sales Manager 13 . where they meet with visiting Fashion Buyers and show the latest product line. 2. friendly. • With enough experience and some additional education or training.SHOWROOM SALES REPRESENTATIVES Also called: Showroom Salesperson. They must then make sure that the right quantity of the right product reaches their customers' stores at the right time and in saleable condition. advancement is a good possibility. they are responsible for accurately taking the Fashion Buyers order. Showroom Representative Job Description: 1. outgoing. Outlook: • Good to Excellent. Personal Characteristics/Skills . Showroom sales reps should expect to work additional long hours during the four to six market weeks or fashion weeks each year. good listener. Once they convince the Fashion Buyer to purchase the manufacturer's products. excellent communication and presentation skills. 3. knowledge of manufacturing and retail sectors of the fashion industry.
detail oriented.PRODUCT MANAGER Also called: Product Development Manager Job Description: 1. Career Path: Market Analyst > Merchandiser > Product Manager > Director of Product Management 14 . 2. 3. selling and distribution of a manufacturer or designer's products. calm under pressure. design. usually starting at an analyst or assistant position. • As product managers gain extensive experience and knowledge of the manufacturer's operations. They are also responsible for overseeing the set-up and implementation of quality assurance protocols for their product. This is a fairly senior position within a manufacturer's organization. 4. they can be promoted into an executive leadership position. Product Managers usually handle a specific product. construction. or product line.highly analytical with strong math skills. decisive. well-organized. Personal Characteristics/Skills . Outlook: • Employment is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012. • Most aspiring product managers must work up to this senior level. extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends. ability to work with other executives. ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions. Product Managers are responsible for overseeing the conceptualization.
• There should be opportunities either working for designers. • As styles become more complicated. yet the number of people entering the trade has declined. patternmakers often act as liaisons between the design and manufacturing groups. designs. straight and curved rules). 3. manufacturers or as freelancers. Outlook: • Pattern makers are very important to designers and fashion houses. detail oriented. Clothing patternmakers make full-size paper or fiberboard patterns for clothing. Because of their understanding of the technical aspect of a design. pattern makers are vital to the success of a design. good communication skills. understanding of apparel manufacturing process.computer assisted drawing). Apparel Patternmaker. squares. Career Path: Fabric Cutter/Grader > Patternmaker > Assistant Designer > Designer. and sketches. Patternmakers use their expertise in body proportions and knowledge of fabric to translate the designer's apparel sketches into its various pattern pieces. ability to visualize the finished garment from a designers drawings.CLOTHING PATTERN MAKER Also called: Pattern Maker.great technical skills with an ability to use drafting tools (calipers. Personal Characteristics/Skills . Alternatively Patternmakers may be promoted into Manufacturing/Production Management positions. Fabric Patternmaker Job Description: 1. expertise with body proportions. 15 . good computer skills (specifically with CAD programs . 2.
technical expertise and experience. M. good drafting and math skills. ability to manage deadlines and multiple projects. Pattern graders may use charts. pattern grading is considered more of a technically oriented career than patternmaking or designing. L. but may also work for firms that specialize in pattern grading (such as an outsourcing provider). ability to do precise manual work. machinery.PATTERN GRADER Also called: Grader Job Description: 1. especially through turnover or attrition. Personal Characteristics/Skills . petite). analytical and problem-solving skills. Outlook: • Opportunities for pattern graders are available.Understanding of apparel construction and manufacturing and patternmaking. • With the right attitude. In general. 2. Pattern graders are responsible for reducing or enlarging a pattern created by a patternmaker order to produce clothes across a range of sizes (S. or computer programs in their work. etc) and fits (tall. • Pattern graders may work directly for design houses or manufacturers. Career Path: Pattern Grading Assistant > Pattern Grader > Patternmaker > Production Manager 16 . anyone starting as a pattern grader should have opportunities to progress on the road to becoming production managers.
Fashion Marketing/Merchandising 17 .
Drawing on their knowledge of consumer psychology and trends.Fashion Marketing/Merchandising • They are responsible for identifying and creating fashion trends to sell the products created by fashion designers. 18 . The fashion merchandising field includes jobs in both retail and wholesale sales. they promote fashion with advertising and visual marketing campaigns.
g. men's suits or women's denim) 19 . Buyers for larger department stores usually specialize in a specific line of clothes or accessories (e. Buyer Job Description: 1. and future fashion trends. knowledge of fashion trends.FASHION BUYER Also called: Apparel Buyer. designers.. Buyers often make their purchases of apparel and accessories from manufacturers. Buyers must also be good at budgeting and planning inventory so that a good selection of clothing is always available for customers. so it is important for fashion buyers to be able to understand past. and understanding of their target customers' desires to create an attractive selection of apparel for retail stores. or wholesalers for the retailers or departmental stores 1 or 2 seasons in advance. 3. 4. 2. present. Fashion buyers use their sense of style.
• Advancement opportunities are good: Those who start at the assistant buyer level have a good chance of becoming full-fledged buyers within 3 to 5 years. • The overall number of fashion buyer positions available is expected to decrease.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. Career Path: Assistant Fashion Buyer > Fashion Buyer > Divisional Merchandise Manager 20 . Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Fashion buyers must be fashion-lovers with knowledge of fashion history and trends • good analytical skills • good negotiation abilities • flexible work attitude • excellent budgeting and planning skills • inventory management skills • ability to deal well with deadlines and stress. but new positions become available as a result of internal promotions of experienced buyers.
CO-ORDINATOR Also called: Fashion Director Job Description: 1. designs. 2. 5. and they also share their analysis with buyers to guide them in making inventory purchases. Fashion coordinators then share their analyses with retail salespeople and/or editors to guide them in making customer recommendations. 21 . design house. and wholesalers to ensure that things are on schedule and colors. and serving as a middleman with fabric mills. 6. suppliers. Additional responsibilities of a fashion coordinator may include organizing fashion parades. or fashion magazine. supervising fashion photography shoots for promotions. and textiles are according to plan. Long hours and frequent travel are part of the job. Fashion Coordinators are responsible for creating a unified look and feel across all fashion divisions of a department store. 4. 3. They are constantly monitoring industry publications and talking to designers in order to understand industry trends and keep up with the latest in fabric and textile development. Fashion directors need to assess the potential success of a garment or clothing line and determine the best plan for promotion and marketing.
colors. • However. judgment. design houses..Outlook: • Fair to Great. great networking skills • great organizational skills • excellent communication. negotiation. cuts. in-depth understanding of consumer behavior • an interest in artistic and creative pursuits. etc.) • knowledge and understanding of fashion trends • a flair for style. fabrics. styles. and department stores.g. and presentation skills. these are available in areas like fashion magazines. • There are only a limited number of Fashion Coordinator positions available since it is a high-level position. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Assistant Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Director 22 . Personal Characteristics/Skills – • excellent understanding of fashion (e.
great leadership and management skills. They work with a team of buyers and managers to decide the most effective way to sell their products including advertising and display of merchandise & on how and where best to position and place merchandise. and make fashion forecasts basted on the information they collect. Merchandisers may also specialize in a specific line of clothing. in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion marketplace. manufacturers and products. Retail Merchandisers select. They study fashion trends. department. designers. designers and merchandise markets. forecasting. pricing. Career Path: Buyers > Associate Merchandising Manager > Merchandise Manager > General Merchandising Manager 23 . Long hours and plenty of travel are often part of the job. Like Fashion Buyers. They may also be responsible for organizing and coordinating promotional activities like fashion shows. product development and sales.RETAIL MERCHANDISER Also called: Merchandise Manager. competitors. 4. division or chain. 6. highly organized. 3. strong time management skills. promote and sell clothing and accessories for a retail store. Fashion Merchandiser Job Description: 1. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Exceptional analytical skills. 2. 5. consumers. visit manufacturers. expertise in planning. Outlook: Good to Excellent. purchase.
. designing. and (3) guide their customers' browsing through merchandise placement and store layout to result in an eventual sale. promotions. and implementing window and instore displays for both online and brick and mortar retail stores. Visual Display Artists take into account current fashions and trends. promoted. 6. tradeshow displays. 24 .g. and any other areas where the store's apparel and accessories are displayed. 3. Their mail goals are: (1) create and maintain an image for a department or store that resonates with their target customers. Visual Merchandisers coordinate with the head office and other design teams (including buyers and sales staff) to ensure consistency with the corporate brand or image. Christmas and Valentine's Day). Visual Display Designer Job Description: 1.VISUAL MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandise Display Artist. and seasonal factors. fashion showrooms. Visual Merchandisers are responsible for conceptualizing. or sold. 4. Visual Merchandisers must combine their creativity and artistic flair with technical know-how to set up displays that maximize the space of the store while effectively catching the eye and appealing to the senses of their target customers. 5. In addition to drawing on their knowledge of customer tendencies when designing their displays. 2. Visual Merchandisers may provide input or oversee the design and layout of a store or department. such as holidays (e. In larger department stores or retail chains. (2) increase customer traffic in the store.
Outlook: • Good to Excellent. etc) is helpful.g. as well as knowledge of fashion and art/design industry trends and forecasts. setting up proper lighting. 2. or they may be promoted to managerial positions of greater responsibilities. • Experienced Visual Merchandisers who have a proven track record of creating great displays may have the option of joining or starting their own firms specializing in visual merchandising for retailers.store customer traffic and therefore their bottom lines. Career Path: Visual Merchandising Assistant > Visual Merchandiser > Visual Merchandising Coordinator > Visual Merchandising Director 25 . Personal Characteristics and Skills: 1. building stet. props. skilled Visual Merchandisers have become more sought after. It is also important to have the ability to work well with others. Technical and design expertise (e. • In the coming years. Visual Merchandiser jobs are projected to grow at a pace higher than the national average. • Now that retailers have realized the positive impact that displays can have on their in. Creativity is key with an above-average ability for artistic expression.
Working long hours. Retail store managers are very high-level employees who are responsible for overseeing all aspects of a store's operations. ordering a store's merchandise inventory. 2. training. business acumen. firing and promoting employees. weekends. and as such must have the right combination of fashion industry knowledge. 26 . 4. to hiring. setting up pricing policies.RETAIL STORE MANAGER Also called: Store Manager. Department Store Manager Job Description: 1. store managers do or at least are involved in some manner in everything from approving visual displays and print or television advertisements. evenings and holidays are often part of the job. They are ultimately responsible for the store's bottom line. Depending on the size of a store. and interpersonal skills to keep their stores profitable. 3.
Job stability for Retail Store Managers is now more than ever determined by the store's ongoing profitability. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • interpersonal and management skills • highly organized • detail oriented yet constantly thinking of the big picture • good business skills particularly in marketing. Candidates with retail experience will have the the best opportunity for jobs as store managers.Outlook: Employment for retail store managers / supervisors is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012. accounting. sales and management. The growth of national chains has created more jobs at companies (instead of small retail stores) and thus created a career development path for many aspiring managers. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Associate Manager > Store Manager > Department Store Manager 27 .
novelty items. lingerie. 3. beachwear. dresses. Their stores often target a specific customer profile and often carry a specific mix of clothing and/or apparel designers that appeal to this demographic. watches. T-shirts. shoes.BOUTIQUE OWNER Also called: Specialty Store Owner. Boutique owners must be jacks of all trades as they typically oversee all aspects of a boutiques operations from planning and purchasing their inventory. sunglasses. 28 . Successful boutique owners are very entrepreneurial-minded and driven people who use a combination of savvy business skills and in-depth knowledge of the fashion retail industry to make a profit. accessories. Owner Job Description: 1. handbags. setting up the in-store displays and managing employees. and more. tuxedos. vintage. One could start a fashion boutique in one of the following areas: sportswear. 2. 4.
Outlook: • Being a small business owner is a dream for many people. successful owners are those who can attract investors with a solid business plan and operational structure. owners can go on to open additional stores. and the value of being one's own boss cannot be underestimated. excellent time management and communication skills. • Setting up a boutique usually requires obtaining a bank loan or drawing from personal savings to cover initial investments. Sales and Management • in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion retail marketplace. • Often. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Retail Manager > Boutique Owner 29 . or if they have created a strong enough brand. including trends and forecasts • flexible. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • entrepreneurial and risk-taking personality • solid business background in fields such as Marketing. sell franchises for subsequent locations. • Once the store is profitable. Accounting. multi-tasking capabilities.
Fashion Media & Promotions 30 .
31 . and stylists are often employed by catalogs and magazines. web sites. • Fashion writers and editors are employed by newspapers. illustrators. magazines. and other media outlets to keep consumers up-to-date on style trends. • Fashion photographs.Fashion Media & Promotions • The fashion industry offers a number of opportunities for creative professionals who aren't attracted to the design side.
they are pitched to chief editors or other fashion media buyers like Vogue or Cosmo. 4. Fashion Critic. Fashion Reporter Job Description: 1. After developing these stories behind the scenes. but for those who specialize in areas like designer collection reviews. celebrities and others who make up fashion's inner circle.g. formal portraits of designers. and of course for television. Talented fashion editors tend to partner with photographers. fashion / design websites or blogs. Like all journalists. The majority of the industry's fashion writers work within editorial departments of fashion design firms. newspapers.FASHION WRITER Also called: Fashion Journalist. Most draw upon their personal interest and incorporate their own personality into stories to make their pieces fun.. models. 3.. 5. Fashion writers produce editorial copy for media outlets such as fashion magazines. submitting articles on a freelance basis is often the preferred career direction. 2. who together dig up their own stories e. interesting and engaging to readers. fashion reporters must do thorough research and/or conduct interviews when preparing articles. editors. 32 .
• A love of fashion and knowledge about the industry. Freelance fashion writers must have persistence and perseverance and be good at marketing their work Career Path: Editorial Assistant > Staff Fashion Writer > Fashion Editor 33 . Skills – • Excellent English communication and writing skills (e.. attention to detail. fabrics and business are also important.g. • The fashion writing industry can be extremely competitive.Outlook: • National employment demand for all fashion journalists and writers is expected to grow through 2014. designers. Personal Characteristics . • Two thirds of the nations working fashion editors will reside in either New York or California (US Dept of Labor). and superior research and fact-checking skills are essential.Good interpersonal communication skills are needed for interviews and dealing with editors. textiles. spelling and grammar). historical trends.
and music production companies often employ fashion stylists. television and film production houses. and even models to fit the theme of the shoot.FASHION STYLIST Job Description: 1. create the mood for the shoot by selecting and setting up the appropriate props. 2. Companies such as magazines. or wealthy clients as wardrobe consultants to help them prepare for major events or appearances. Stylists may also be employed by agents. music video. fashions. 3. advertising agencies. retailers. which can include basic tasks such as steaming and ironing garments. newspapers. layout. catalog publishers. celebrities. commercial. Many stylists also choose to run their own businesses. print advertisement. 4. public relations firms. 5. etc. Fashion stylists often scout locations. They coordinate colors and styles and ensure that all clothes are ready for the shoot. accessories. Fashion stylists are responsible for bringing to life a photographer or director's vision for a fashion photo shoot. 34 .
Kelly Price 35 . Keira Knightly Wardrobe stylist for Madonna. Libery Ross. creativity and resourcefulness • broad knowledge of fashion history. clients usually hire stylists they have used in the past or those who have proven success in the business. Kylie Minogue. bills. budgets. good interpersonal and networking skills • persistence and self-motivation. Mischa Barton. trends and forecasts • technical know-how for setting up sets. Naomi Campbell Rachel Zoe: Celebrity clients include Nichole Richie. ability to market oneself • savvy business skills to deal with invoicing. Lauren Hutton. stylists who maintain a good professional reputation can expect plenty of repeat business and often take advantage of this by setting up their own independent businesses. • Once established. Personal Characteristics and Skills – • eye for style. Career Path: Intern/Stylist's Apprentice > Assistant Fashion Stylist > Staff Fashion Stylist Famous Fashion Stylists: Jeff Ihenando: Stylist for supermodels Kate Moss. • In addition.Outlook: • Aspiring fashion stylists should expect to work their way to the top. etc. • The most successful fashion stylists have extensive networks of contacts within the fashion industry to get the job done quickly and on budget.
PR specialists must maintain strong professional relationships with media personnel. 36 . As such. Fashion Media Relations Specialist Job Description: 1. Because they do not pay for publicity or media coverage. 4. radio and direct mail. 3. They are also responsible for interacting with media when questions or crises arise from outside sources. newspapers. 2. Fashion Public Relations Specialists and Publicists help apparel companies and retail stores build and maintain a favorable public image. Public Relations (PR) Specialists must find creative ways to keep the company's brand name in the public eye.FASHION PUBLIC RELATIONS SPECIALIST Also called: Fashion Publicist. PR specialists select information that they want to share with the public and write up press releases or conduct press conferences to distribute the news through television.
PR specialists often move into more senior PR Coordinator positions.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. After 3-5 years of experience in the field. good time management and multi-tasking skills • ability to maintain an even temperament under stress. • In addition to working on staff for design houses and retailers. PR specialists may also work at PR firms that handle work for a variety of clients. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Knowledge of journalistic basics including proper news release formats • excellent written and oral communication and presentation skills • good interpersonal skills. • The market for PR specialists focused solely on fashion is growing quickly. Career Path: Promotions Assistant > Public Relations Specialist > Public Relations Coordinator > Director of Public Relations 37 .
5. beauty and make-up. websites. Paris. 2.. Fashion Producer Job Description: 1. or television shows. Fashion editors supervise the process of creating. and Milan). clothing and accessories). developing and presenting content for fashionspecific magazines. Accessories Editor.g. photo shoots. newspaper sections. and vintage clothing stores 6.. retail stores. New York. 4. Editors occupy the mid to highest-level positions at publications 3. Some fashion editors choose to freelance. both salaried and freelance editors should enjoy a fastpaced environment. Under guidance of the editor-in-chief.g. London. accessories. Editors may specialize in apparel. working on a per-contract basis and assuming all of the costs of the fashion shoot (e. specialty boutiques. and so on. they are responsible for deciding the creative influence and direction that their departments will pursue during a given season or issue. In addition. 38 . Due to the deadline-driven nature of their work. editors are often required to travel to keep up with the latest fashion trends through meetings with designers and visits to fashion shows throughout the world (e.FASHION EDITOR Also called: Apparel Editor.
newspapers. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Passion for fashion. entertainment and lifestyle magazines.Outlook: • Employment of editors and writers is expected to increase 10% to 20% between 2002 and 2012 • There are a variety of outlets in which prospective editors may seek employment including but not limited to: fashion magazines. • Once in the system. television shows. hard working and willing to start at the bottom and take opportunities as they arise. opportunities for advancement become more readily available. broad knowledge of fashion industry trends and forecasts • excellent writing/journalistic talent with the ability to communicate effectively and clearly • great organization and planning skills. excellent interpersonal and management skills • competitive spirit • ability to perform well under stress. Career Path: Associate Editor > Editor > Senior Editor > Editor-in-Chief Famous Fashion Editor-in-Chiefs: Anna Wintour: Vogue Magazine Cindi Leive: Glamour Magazine Robbie Myers: Elle Magazine 39 . aspiring editors must be creative. • Because competition for these jobs is fierce. websites. fashion sections of news. etc. • Growth in any of these sectors means an increased demand for experienced writers and editors.
basic business know-how. films. or department store. or out of their own studio. Fashion illustrations are used in newspaper and magazine advertising layouts. and flyers. exceptional drawing skills. ability for self-promotion. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent computer skills. department store ads. shoes. for whom photographs will not suffice. catalogues. and other media either by hand or use special computer software programs (e.. 2. particularly with CAD software. Outlook: • Many of the jobs once performed exclusively by fashion illustrators are now also done by fashion photographers.g. • For example. 3. Fashion illustrators conceptualize and create sketches and drawings of apparel. high level of creativity and artistic expression. direct mail catalogs. there are still opportunities for fashion illustration and fashion artist jobs. • In addition. well-trained and skilled illustrators are sought by employers like pattern companies and fashion forecast firms. Professional fashion artists may work on a freelance basis for an advertising agency. brochures. television commercials. manufacturer. Career Path: Fashion Illustrator Freelance > Staff Fashion Illustrator 40 . computer aided design/CAD). however. and accessories for fashion advertisements.FASHION IILUSTRATOR Also called: Fashion Artist Job Description: 1. full-time jobs are often available with clothing catalog firms.
GRAPHIC DESIGNER Also called: Graphic Artist Job Description: 1. color and design. and turnover in top positions. brochures. as a freelance designer. they work on a team with the Art Director and Creative Director in order to conceptualize and create specific designs to be approved by their client. for various fashion businesses. business acumen. Career Path: Paste-up Artist > Graphic Designer > Art Director > Creative Director 41 . Graphic designers may work for an advertising agency. including business cards and stationary. fashion magazine. Outlook: • Good to Excellent. or may decide to open their own graphic design firm and hire other designers. variety and length of experience. attention to detail. and many other types of materials. packaging. In large agencies. 2. ability to collaborate other professionals. creativity and imagination. • Faster than average growth is projected for graphic designers in the coming years thanks to the growth of the Internet and the increase in competition among apparel designers and manufacturers. graphic design firm. • Those who fit the bill may progress to become art directors or creative directors. Personal Characteristics/Skills . Graphic Designers design and prepare camera-ready copy for any type of printed material. ability to tolerate criticism. book covers. advertising. or out of their own studio.Good sense of style. good computer skills. • Success for graphic designers is usually based on creativity and design sense.
Fashion photographers either freelance or are employed by catalogs. and fashion houses to conceptualize. In addition to taking pictures. magazines. Catalogue Photographer. photographers may also be responsible for scouting locations and hiring models and personnel for the photo shoot 42 .FASHION PHOTOGRAPHER Also called: Photographer. develop. Professional fashion photographers must have a good eye for style and beauty and be skilled at working with models to achieve & capture the best possible poses and photos. and print still photos and/or videos to show off clothes and accessories in a creative manner that catches the eye of consumers. 2. shoot. Magazine Photographer Job Description: 1. Web sites. 3.
Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Artistic and creative expression • thorough knowledge of the technical and aesthetic aspects of photography. S • starting as an assistant or an apprentice is one way to get a foot in the door. • However. ability to promote oneself • knowledge of trends in both photography and fashion industry. Helmut Newton. • With experience comes more opportunity. composition. darkroom procedures. Mario Testino. Steven Meisel. lighting. and special characteristics of films and paper • good business and networking skills. increased use of the Internet may spur further growth in fashion photography. Mario Sorrenti 43 . as Web sites look to continuously refresh their content. Patrick Demarchelier. solid interpersonal skills to communicate with models and convey your ideas. including camera operations. and those who can develop a solid portfolio (body of work) may attain full-time staff positions or set up their own studios and work with more exclusive or well-known fashion clients. and aspiring fashion photographers may outnumber the available assignments. Career Path: Photographer's Assistant > Staff/Freelance Photographer > Photo Editor > Director of Photography Famous Fashion Photographers: Richard Avedon.Outlook: • Competition for jobs in magazine and commercial photography is stiff. Michael Thompson.
Other Fashion Careers 44 .
for TV.Other fashion career opportunities include --- • costume design . film and theater productions • personal stylist .for everything from newspapers ads to strutting the catwalk in Milan or Paris 45 .positions with high-end department stores and private clients • and modeling work .
television. They do research. 46 . create sketches of costumes. They work primarily for motion pictures. A good costume designer plays a big part in character or time period to vivid life on stage or screen. 3. time period and setting in which the action occurs.COSTUME DESIGNER Also called: Theatrical Designer Job Description: 1. With any given project. Costume Designers research and design for authentic period. 2. country or social class costumes. costume designers must get a feel for the mood. and develop costume budgets for the entire production. 4. concerts and stage companies.
and a little luck. • As demand for movies and theater grow and the productions themselves become increasingly rich in design and costume.often as unpaid volunteers in college productions. knowledge of fashion history and art history • as well as general world history • good research skills • technical skill in designing and dressmaking • ability to work and collaborate with other professionals • ability to handle stress from deadlines. Career Path: Design Assistant. University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer. • With the right skills. this hard work should enable the designer to land a higher-paying job in the television and film industries. Television and Film 47 . demand for costume designers should follow. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Creativity. perseverance.Outlook: • Employment opportunities for costume designers depends largely upon the Entertainment Industry. • Aspiring costume designers usually start as assistants . Broadway/OffBroadway Productions > Costume Designer. University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer. experience.
Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Related Fashion Position > Personal Stylist 48 . Outlook: • Aspiring stylists should first get some experience in fashion retail positions. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent fashion sense. friendly and tactful. business savvy. Personal stylists may often shop for their clients and pick out items that suit their image. great presentation and oral communication skills. good networking skills. and fashion style in order to make recommendations on which fashion choices will help the client achieve and maintain their desired image. • Some lucky stylists work exclusively with high-profile celebrities in the sports and entertainment industries where a client's everyday look or image is often more important than how they look while they work.PERSONAL STYLIST Also called: Wardrobe Consultant. • With enough experience. ability to promote oneself. 2. knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts. Personal stylists work with individuals or companies to educate clients about general fashion apparel and accessories. Consultants make an evaluation of their clients' physical attributes. 3. good listener. enjoy shopping. personal shoppers and merchandise buyers can gain credentials to work as independent consultants. lifestyle. Personal Shopper Job Description: 1. • Personal stylists may give classes for small groups or run seminars for a client company.
excellent fashion style. Adriana Lima. • Like most glamorous and high status careers. many people aspire to become models and the competition is healthy. 3. and costume accessories in a variety of poses and settings. custom salons or specialty stores. Career Path: Print Model > Runway Model > Supermodel 49 . Naomi Campbell. Cindy Crawford. a positive attitude. 2. They may model in showrooms.FASHION MODEL Also called: Fashion Model. formal fashion show procedures and the use of cosmetics. Personal Characteristics/Skills photogenic and physically attractive with height. Famous Supermodels: Kate Moss. good people skills. Karolina Kurkova. brochures and catalogs. weight and body measurements falling within certain industry standards. which is more theatrical. • Yet. self-discipline. Models work with clothing. Runway Model. Models try to convey an idea by their appearance. Outlook: • Demand for both male models and models who are representative of diverse racial and ethnic groups should rise higher than average for all models. Tyra Banks. Christie Brinkley. Others work mainly pose for still photographs used in print ads. persuading people to buy the products they advertise. and Laetitia Casta. those who succeed often segue into careers in fashion and entertainment. retail stores. familiarity with different modeling techniques. Others work in fashion show modeling. Print Model Job Description: 1. Heidi Klum. make-up.