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Careers in Fashion -Final

Careers in Fashion -Final

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Published by: Kumar Rahul on Mar 04, 2013
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Fashion Careers


• Fashion Design Production Fashion Designer • Fashion Accessory Designer Marketing/Merchandising Fashion Merchandiser Fashion Buyer Fashion Sales Rep Fashion Coordinator Showroom Sales Rep Retail Merchandiser Product Manager Clothing Patternmaker Visual Merchandiser Retail Store Manager Pattern Grader Boutique Owner


• Fashion Media & Promotions Fashion Writer Fashion Stylist Fashion PR Specialist Fashion Editor Fashion Illustrator Graphic Designer Fashion Photographer

• Other Fashion Careers Costume Designer Personal Stylist Model


Fashion Design Production
• Fashion and accessory designers use their knowledge of design principles, techniques, and tools to create sketches and models of original garments, shoes, handbags and other fashion accessories. • They often specialize in a particular facet of clothing design, such as men's, women's, children's wear, or lingerie. • While some fashion designers control the entire design and marketing process, others use the services of patternmakers to create original textiles and trimmings, production managers to oversee the actual creation of the fashion line, and fashion merchandisers to introduce and establish the designs in the fashion marketplace.

6. sportswear etc. 7. men. such as tshirts. Fashion design is a demanding and unpredictable job with long hours. They analyze fashion trends and work closely with production. More experienced designers may be required to travel to promote their fashion lines. and sales departments to design. or denims. an example being tailors who produce custom designs for weddings and other special events. Apparel Designer Job Description: 1. or individual jobs. produce. specialty and retail stores. bridal. In larger fashion houses. Fashion designers conceptualize and create new clothing. and fashion studios. 4. marketing. 2. haute couturiers. maternity clothes. kids. ready-to-wear product for apparel manufacturers. and promote a finished. 5 . maternity. Potential employers include retailers.FASHION DESIGNER Alternate Titles: Clothes Designer. especially when deadlines approach for launches. textile and apparel manufacturers. Fashion designers usually specialize in a specific line of clothing such as women. shows. individual designers may work in very specialized areas. and individual clients. evening dresses. 5. baby outfits. 3.

Career Path: Design Assistant > Assistant Designer > Associate Designer > Fashion Director • • • • • • • 6 . and the population is growing. and color above-average ability for sewing skills. which creates more overall demand for clothing and accessories.computer assisted design) knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts knowledge of manufacturing and production process ability to deal with ambiguity and rejection and to handle stress due to deadlines good business and marketing skills. shape.Outlook: • • Demand for fashion designers will remain strong as consumers constantly seek new styles and fashion. drawing and sketching skills computer skills (especially with the use of CAD . Expect long hours in the beginning and be prepared for seasonal slowdowns. Personal Characteristics and Skillsability to discriminate between colors and judge fabric quality & a good eye for style.

Accessory designers usually specialize in a specific line of accessories. brides. kids. 2. 7 . 3. gloves. hats. Accessory designers conceptualize and create designs for jewelry. and so on. belts. etc. to go with clothing. handbags. as well as the customers for whom they design these accessories. be it men. shoes. Accessory designers must always stay in touch not only with trends in their own specialties. Handbag Designer. in order to react to create pieces that complement the new hot styles in the market. Shoe Designer. Job Description: 1. but also within apparel and fabric markets. women.ACCESSORY DESIGNER Also called: Jewelry Designer. moms. etc. ties.

handle stress due to deadlines Career Path: Design Assistant/ Freelance Accessory Designer > Associate Staff Accessory Designer > Accessory Designs Director 8 . so most accessory designers work independently. etc) • persistence and determination. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • above average ability for creative expression • technical skill in working with materials required for the chosen specialty (such as metal and semi-precious stones for jewelry designers. ability to work independently. drawing and sketching skills • knowledge of and ability to react to current fashion trends • knowledge of manufacturing and production process • ability to keep production within a tight budget.Outlook: • • Accessory design is a highly competitive field that requires a lot of selfmotivation. Few staff positions are available.

2. and previous sales numbers to determine the product direction that the manufacturers will take each season. They may also be responsible for tracking profits and losses. 9 . production costs. and have large personnel management responsibilities. Fashion merchandisers on the apparel production side track and analyze market trends.FASHION MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandiser. Merchandisers are some of the most powerful employees within an apparel company. 5. A fashion merchandiser needs to be one of the first in the industry to spot the trend. Fashion merchandising professionals on the retail side are responsible for determining store inventory and to price clothes (MPR) 4. 3. Apparel Merchandiser Job Description: 1.

• ability to work with other executives. Career Path: Fashion Buyer > Merchandising Assistant > Merchandiser > Merchandising Director 10 . Personal Characteristics and Skills – • extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends • highly analytical with strong math skills • ability to predict and create fashion trends • ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions. calm under pressure. well-organized. As a result. there are a number of merchandiser positions open • Those who have the business acumen and good fashion judgment to achieve and maintain profitability in their sector could advance high up the executive ladder. decisive.Outlook: • Every apparel maker needs at least one fashion merchandiser. detail oriented.

assist in solving problems the customer may have with the product. This is a position that requires a good deal of travel. They listen to their customers concerns about the product. Sales representatives usually solicit orders from new and prospective customers within a designated geographical area. They show samples. 3. 4. 5. illustrations. 2. sometimes internationally. and catalogs of their manufacturer's product line. 11 . Apparel Sales Representative Job Description: 1. and must be able to answer any questions regarding the products.FASHION SALES REPRESENTATIVE Also called: Manufacturer's Representative. Fashion Sales Representatives sell a manufacturer's garments and accessories to Fashion Buyers from wholesale and retail stores. and even help the customer sell more of the product by arranging special events like trunk shows and in-store fashion shows featuring their products.

Outlook: • Good to Excellent. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • highly competitive • belief in the product and ability to maintain enthusiasm for it • excellent communication skills . • Higher than average growth within the US is projected in this sector. Career Path: Showroom Sales Representative/Assistant > Sales Representative > Sales Manager > Regional Sales Manager > National Sales Manager > VP Sales 12 . with additional positions available overseas.both written and oral • establish good relationships with customers • self-motivated with good follow-through skills • ability to deal with rejection and remain upbeat • knowledge of fashion industry trends and manufacturer's competitors. • Often the key to getting a job is the willingness and flexibility to travel to remote locations.

college graduates with good communication skills and the right personality have a good chance of being hired.enthusiastic. 4. excellent communication and presentation skills. friendly. good organizational and computer skills. where they meet with visiting Fashion Buyers and show the latest product line. They work at manufacturers and/or designers offices.SHOWROOM SALES REPRESENTATIVES Also called: Showroom Salesperson. Personal Characteristics/Skills . knowledge of manufacturing and retail sectors of the fashion industry. Once they convince the Fashion Buyer to purchase the manufacturer's products. Career Path: Showroom Sales Assistant > Showroom Sales Representative > Showroom Sales Manager 13 . Showroom Representative Job Description: 1. They must then make sure that the right quantity of the right product reaches their customers' stores at the right time and in saleable condition. • Although a showroom sales rep is a fairly competitive position. Showroom sales reps should expect to work additional long hours during the four to six market weeks or fashion weeks each year. they are responsible for accurately taking the Fashion Buyers order. advancement is a good possibility. • With enough experience and some additional education or training. 3. outgoing. good listener. Outlook: • Good to Excellent. 2.

ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions. Personal Characteristics/Skills .PRODUCT MANAGER Also called: Product Development Manager Job Description: 1. They are also responsible for overseeing the set-up and implementation of quality assurance protocols for their product. design. ability to work with other executives. • Most aspiring product managers must work up to this senior level. well-organized. 3.highly analytical with strong math skills. they can be promoted into an executive leadership position. calm under pressure. construction. selling and distribution of a manufacturer or designer's products. This is a fairly senior position within a manufacturer's organization. Outlook: • Employment is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012. extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends. detail oriented. decisive. or product line. Product Managers are responsible for overseeing the conceptualization. 2. Product Managers usually handle a specific product. 4. • As product managers gain extensive experience and knowledge of the manufacturer's operations. Career Path: Market Analyst > Merchandiser > Product Manager > Director of Product Management 14 . usually starting at an analyst or assistant position.

3. Patternmakers use their expertise in body proportions and knowledge of fabric to translate the designer's apparel sketches into its various pattern pieces. 2. Alternatively Patternmakers may be promoted into Manufacturing/Production Management positions. designs. good communication skills. yet the number of people entering the trade has declined. Career Path: Fabric Cutter/Grader > Patternmaker > Assistant Designer > Designer. straight and curved rules). • As styles become more complicated.CLOTHING PATTERN MAKER Also called: Pattern Maker. pattern makers are vital to the success of a design. expertise with body proportions. good computer skills (specifically with CAD programs . and sketches. 15 . Apparel Patternmaker. Fabric Patternmaker Job Description: 1.great technical skills with an ability to use drafting tools (calipers. • There should be opportunities either working for designers. ability to visualize the finished garment from a designers drawings. patternmakers often act as liaisons between the design and manufacturing groups. manufacturers or as freelancers. understanding of apparel manufacturing process. Personal Characteristics/Skills . Because of their understanding of the technical aspect of a design.computer assisted drawing). Outlook: • Pattern makers are very important to designers and fashion houses. squares. detail oriented. Clothing patternmakers make full-size paper or fiberboard patterns for clothing.

or computer programs in their work. • Pattern graders may work directly for design houses or manufacturers. 2. L. anyone starting as a pattern grader should have opportunities to progress on the road to becoming production managers. pattern grading is considered more of a technically oriented career than patternmaking or designing. Pattern graders may use charts. ability to manage deadlines and multiple projects. machinery.Understanding of apparel construction and manufacturing and patternmaking. M. Personal Characteristics/Skills . especially through turnover or attrition. technical expertise and experience. etc) and fits (tall. analytical and problem-solving skills. ability to do precise manual work. Career Path: Pattern Grading Assistant > Pattern Grader > Patternmaker > Production Manager 16 .PATTERN GRADER Also called: Grader Job Description: 1. In general. Outlook: • Opportunities for pattern graders are available. • With the right attitude. but may also work for firms that specialize in pattern grading (such as an outsourcing provider). petite). good drafting and math skills. Pattern graders are responsible for reducing or enlarging a pattern created by a patternmaker order to produce clothes across a range of sizes (S.

Fashion Marketing/Merchandising 17 .

18 . they promote fashion with advertising and visual marketing campaigns.Fashion Marketing/Merchandising • They are responsible for identifying and creating fashion trends to sell the products created by fashion designers. Drawing on their knowledge of consumer psychology and trends. The fashion merchandising field includes jobs in both retail and wholesale sales.

present. Fashion buyers use their sense of style. knowledge of fashion trends. 4. Buyers for larger department stores usually specialize in a specific line of clothes or accessories (e. so it is important for fashion buyers to be able to understand past. 2. 3. Buyers must also be good at budgeting and planning inventory so that a good selection of clothing is always available for customers. Buyers often make their purchases of apparel and accessories from manufacturers. and future fashion trends.FASHION BUYER Also called: Apparel Buyer.. designers. Buyer Job Description: 1. or wholesalers for the retailers or departmental stores 1 or 2 seasons in advance. men's suits or women's denim) 19 .g. and understanding of their target customers' desires to create an attractive selection of apparel for retail stores.

but new positions become available as a result of internal promotions of experienced buyers. • The overall number of fashion buyer positions available is expected to decrease. • Advancement opportunities are good: Those who start at the assistant buyer level have a good chance of becoming full-fledged buyers within 3 to 5 years. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Fashion buyers must be fashion-lovers with knowledge of fashion history and trends • good analytical skills • good negotiation abilities • flexible work attitude • excellent budgeting and planning skills • inventory management skills • ability to deal well with deadlines and stress. Career Path: Assistant Fashion Buyer > Fashion Buyer > Divisional Merchandise Manager 20 .Outlook: • Good to Excellent.

They are constantly monitoring industry publications and talking to designers in order to understand industry trends and keep up with the latest in fabric and textile development. and textiles are according to plan. suppliers. 6. 5. Fashion Coordinators are responsible for creating a unified look and feel across all fashion divisions of a department store. 2.CO-ORDINATOR Also called: Fashion Director Job Description: 1. Additional responsibilities of a fashion coordinator may include organizing fashion parades. 21 . design house. 3. and they also share their analysis with buyers to guide them in making inventory purchases. and serving as a middleman with fabric mills. designs. or fashion magazine. and wholesalers to ensure that things are on schedule and colors. Long hours and frequent travel are part of the job. Fashion coordinators then share their analyses with retail salespeople and/or editors to guide them in making customer recommendations. Fashion directors need to assess the potential success of a garment or clothing line and determine the best plan for promotion and marketing. supervising fashion photography shoots for promotions. 4.

Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Assistant Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Director 22 . and presentation skills. colors..) • knowledge and understanding of fashion trends • a flair for style. • However. great networking skills • great organizational skills • excellent communication.Outlook: • Fair to Great. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • excellent understanding of fashion (e. design houses.g. cuts. in-depth understanding of consumer behavior • an interest in artistic and creative pursuits. and department stores. fabrics. • There are only a limited number of Fashion Coordinator positions available since it is a high-level position. etc. these are available in areas like fashion magazines. judgment. styles. negotiation.

in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion marketplace. purchase. Like Fashion Buyers. Fashion Merchandiser Job Description: 1. pricing. 6. forecasting. product development and sales. Long hours and plenty of travel are often part of the job. consumers. highly organized. strong time management skills. visit manufacturers. expertise in planning. They may also be responsible for organizing and coordinating promotional activities like fashion shows. They study fashion trends. promote and sell clothing and accessories for a retail store. competitors. Merchandisers may also specialize in a specific line of clothing. 5. designers and merchandise markets. 4. 3. great leadership and management skills. designers. department. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Exceptional analytical skills. They work with a team of buyers and managers to decide the most effective way to sell their products including advertising and display of merchandise & on how and where best to position and place merchandise.RETAIL MERCHANDISER Also called: Merchandise Manager. division or chain. Outlook: Good to Excellent. manufacturers and products. 2. Career Path: Buyers > Associate Merchandising Manager > Merchandise Manager > General Merchandising Manager 23 . Retail Merchandisers select. and make fashion forecasts basted on the information they collect.

2. Visual Merchandisers may provide input or oversee the design and layout of a store or department. fashion showrooms. Visual Merchandisers must combine their creativity and artistic flair with technical know-how to set up displays that maximize the space of the store while effectively catching the eye and appealing to the senses of their target customers. 3. promoted.g. Visual Display Artists take into account current fashions and trends. (2) increase customer traffic in the store. 6. In addition to drawing on their knowledge of customer tendencies when designing their displays. designing. Visual Merchandisers are responsible for conceptualizing. Their mail goals are: (1) create and maintain an image for a department or store that resonates with their target customers. 4. Christmas and Valentine's Day). 24 . and (3) guide their customers' browsing through merchandise placement and store layout to result in an eventual sale. such as holidays (e. 5. In larger department stores or retail chains. Visual Merchandisers coordinate with the head office and other design teams (including buyers and sales staff) to ensure consistency with the corporate brand or image. and implementing window and instore displays for both online and brick and mortar retail stores.VISUAL MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandise Display Artist. and seasonal factors. and any other areas where the store's apparel and accessories are displayed. promotions. Visual Display Designer Job Description: 1. tradeshow displays.. or sold.

• Experienced Visual Merchandisers who have a proven track record of creating great displays may have the option of joining or starting their own firms specializing in visual merchandising for retailers. etc) is helpful.g. It is also important to have the ability to work well with others. • Now that retailers have realized the positive impact that displays can have on their in. Personal Characteristics and Skills: 1. Creativity is key with an above-average ability for artistic expression. building stet. Visual Merchandiser jobs are projected to grow at a pace higher than the national average. setting up proper lighting. skilled Visual Merchandisers have become more sought after. Career Path: Visual Merchandising Assistant > Visual Merchandiser > Visual Merchandising Coordinator > Visual Merchandising Director 25 .store customer traffic and therefore their bottom lines.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. Technical and design expertise (e. or they may be promoted to managerial positions of greater responsibilities. 2. props. • In the coming years. as well as knowledge of fashion and art/design industry trends and forecasts.

Department Store Manager Job Description: 1. setting up pricing policies. 26 . and interpersonal skills to keep their stores profitable. and as such must have the right combination of fashion industry knowledge. ordering a store's merchandise inventory. Retail store managers are very high-level employees who are responsible for overseeing all aspects of a store's operations. weekends. store managers do or at least are involved in some manner in everything from approving visual displays and print or television advertisements. 3. training. firing and promoting employees. 2. Working long hours. Depending on the size of a store. 4. evenings and holidays are often part of the job.RETAIL STORE MANAGER Also called: Store Manager. business acumen. to hiring. They are ultimately responsible for the store's bottom line.

sales and management. accounting.Outlook: Employment for retail store managers / supervisors is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012. Job stability for Retail Store Managers is now more than ever determined by the store's ongoing profitability. The growth of national chains has created more jobs at companies (instead of small retail stores) and thus created a career development path for many aspiring managers. Candidates with retail experience will have the the best opportunity for jobs as store managers. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Associate Manager > Store Manager > Department Store Manager 27 . Personal Characteristics/Skills – • interpersonal and management skills • highly organized • detail oriented yet constantly thinking of the big picture • good business skills particularly in marketing.

shoes. Their stores often target a specific customer profile and often carry a specific mix of clothing and/or apparel designers that appeal to this demographic. watches.BOUTIQUE OWNER Also called: Specialty Store Owner. setting up the in-store displays and managing employees. and more. 4. 3. novelty items. beachwear. One could start a fashion boutique in one of the following areas: sportswear. 28 . Successful boutique owners are very entrepreneurial-minded and driven people who use a combination of savvy business skills and in-depth knowledge of the fashion retail industry to make a profit. dresses. tuxedos. handbags. T-shirts. vintage. lingerie. Boutique owners must be jacks of all trades as they typically oversee all aspects of a boutiques operations from planning and purchasing their inventory. Owner Job Description: 1. sunglasses. accessories. 2.

multi-tasking capabilities. successful owners are those who can attract investors with a solid business plan and operational structure. and the value of being one's own boss cannot be underestimated. • Often. excellent time management and communication skills.Outlook: • Being a small business owner is a dream for many people. sell franchises for subsequent locations. • Once the store is profitable. including trends and forecasts • flexible. or if they have created a strong enough brand. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Retail Manager > Boutique Owner 29 . Accounting. • Setting up a boutique usually requires obtaining a bank loan or drawing from personal savings to cover initial investments. owners can go on to open additional stores. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • entrepreneurial and risk-taking personality • solid business background in fields such as Marketing. Sales and Management • in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion retail marketplace.

Fashion Media & Promotions 30 .

Fashion Media & Promotions • The fashion industry offers a number of opportunities for creative professionals who aren't attracted to the design side. and other media outlets to keep consumers up-to-date on style trends. and stylists are often employed by catalogs and magazines. illustrators. 31 . magazines. • Fashion photographs. • Fashion writers and editors are employed by newspapers. web sites.

g. Talented fashion editors tend to partner with photographers. interesting and engaging to readers. Fashion writers produce editorial copy for media outlets such as fashion magazines. fashion / design websites or blogs. editors. 2. celebrities and others who make up fashion's inner circle. but for those who specialize in areas like designer collection reviews. The majority of the industry's fashion writers work within editorial departments of fashion design firms. and of course for television. Fashion Reporter Job Description: 1. submitting articles on a freelance basis is often the preferred career direction. newspapers. 5. Like all journalists.. 4. After developing these stories behind the scenes. 32 . they are pitched to chief editors or other fashion media buyers like Vogue or Cosmo. 3. Most draw upon their personal interest and incorporate their own personality into stories to make their pieces fun. models.FASHION WRITER Also called: Fashion Journalist.. Fashion Critic. formal portraits of designers. who together dig up their own stories e. fashion reporters must do thorough research and/or conduct interviews when preparing articles.

attention to detail. • The fashion writing industry can be extremely competitive.. Skills – • Excellent English communication and writing skills (e. spelling and grammar). designers. fabrics and business are also important. textiles. • Two thirds of the nations working fashion editors will reside in either New York or California (US Dept of Labor).Good interpersonal communication skills are needed for interviews and dealing with editors. Freelance fashion writers must have persistence and perseverance and be good at marketing their work Career Path: Editorial Assistant > Staff Fashion Writer > Fashion Editor 33 . • A love of fashion and knowledge about the industry.g. and superior research and fact-checking skills are essential. historical trends. Personal Characteristics .Outlook: • National employment demand for all fashion journalists and writers is expected to grow through 2014.

34 . catalog publishers. create the mood for the shoot by selecting and setting up the appropriate props. music video. 4. and even models to fit the theme of the shoot. Fashion stylists are responsible for bringing to life a photographer or director's vision for a fashion photo shoot. print advertisement. newspapers. layout. celebrities. which can include basic tasks such as steaming and ironing garments. public relations firms. and music production companies often employ fashion stylists. 5. television and film production houses. or wealthy clients as wardrobe consultants to help them prepare for major events or appearances. advertising agencies. Companies such as magazines. Fashion stylists often scout locations. retailers. etc. 3. commercial. 2. They coordinate colors and styles and ensure that all clothes are ready for the shoot. accessories.FASHION STYLIST Job Description: 1. Many stylists also choose to run their own businesses. Stylists may also be employed by agents. fashions.

budgets. creativity and resourcefulness • broad knowledge of fashion history. stylists who maintain a good professional reputation can expect plenty of repeat business and often take advantage of this by setting up their own independent businesses. good interpersonal and networking skills • persistence and self-motivation. Naomi Campbell Rachel Zoe: Celebrity clients include Nichole Richie. trends and forecasts • technical know-how for setting up sets. Kelly Price 35 . Kylie Minogue. Lauren Hutton.Outlook: • Aspiring fashion stylists should expect to work their way to the top. Mischa Barton. • In addition. • The most successful fashion stylists have extensive networks of contacts within the fashion industry to get the job done quickly and on budget. Keira Knightly Wardrobe stylist for Madonna. ability to market oneself • savvy business skills to deal with invoicing. Libery Ross. • Once established. Career Path: Intern/Stylist's Apprentice > Assistant Fashion Stylist > Staff Fashion Stylist Famous Fashion Stylists: Jeff Ihenando: Stylist for supermodels Kate Moss. bills. clients usually hire stylists they have used in the past or those who have proven success in the business. etc. Personal Characteristics and Skills – • eye for style.

4. 3. Fashion Public Relations Specialists and Publicists help apparel companies and retail stores build and maintain a favorable public image. PR specialists must maintain strong professional relationships with media personnel. Public Relations (PR) Specialists must find creative ways to keep the company's brand name in the public eye. Because they do not pay for publicity or media coverage. newspapers.FASHION PUBLIC RELATIONS SPECIALIST Also called: Fashion Publicist. Fashion Media Relations Specialist Job Description: 1. PR specialists select information that they want to share with the public and write up press releases or conduct press conferences to distribute the news through television. As such. They are also responsible for interacting with media when questions or crises arise from outside sources. radio and direct mail. 36 . 2.

Career Path: Promotions Assistant > Public Relations Specialist > Public Relations Coordinator > Director of Public Relations 37 . After 3-5 years of experience in the field. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Knowledge of journalistic basics including proper news release formats • excellent written and oral communication and presentation skills • good interpersonal skills. PR specialists may also work at PR firms that handle work for a variety of clients. good time management and multi-tasking skills • ability to maintain an even temperament under stress.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. • The market for PR specialists focused solely on fashion is growing quickly. • In addition to working on staff for design houses and retailers. PR specialists often move into more senior PR Coordinator positions.

Some fashion editors choose to freelance. retail stores. both salaried and freelance editors should enjoy a fastpaced environment. 4. Fashion Producer Job Description: 1. specialty boutiques. beauty and make-up. websites. Editors occupy the mid to highest-level positions at publications 3. editors are often required to travel to keep up with the latest fashion trends through meetings with designers and visits to fashion shows throughout the world (e. 2. New York. Fashion editors supervise the process of creating. accessories... Paris. clothing and accessories). newspaper sections. Under guidance of the editor-in-chief. 5. Accessories Editor. and Milan). 38 . and vintage clothing stores 6. or television shows.g. photo shoots. working on a per-contract basis and assuming all of the costs of the fashion shoot (e. Due to the deadline-driven nature of their work. In addition. they are responsible for deciding the creative influence and direction that their departments will pursue during a given season or issue. Editors may specialize in apparel. and so on.FASHION EDITOR Also called: Apparel Editor. London. developing and presenting content for fashionspecific magazines.g.

opportunities for advancement become more readily available. aspiring editors must be creative. television shows. hard working and willing to start at the bottom and take opportunities as they arise. newspapers. Career Path: Associate Editor > Editor > Senior Editor > Editor-in-Chief Famous Fashion Editor-in-Chiefs: Anna Wintour: Vogue Magazine Cindi Leive: Glamour Magazine Robbie Myers: Elle Magazine 39 . broad knowledge of fashion industry trends and forecasts • excellent writing/journalistic talent with the ability to communicate effectively and clearly • great organization and planning skills. etc.Outlook: • Employment of editors and writers is expected to increase 10% to 20% between 2002 and 2012 • There are a variety of outlets in which prospective editors may seek employment including but not limited to: fashion magazines. fashion sections of news. excellent interpersonal and management skills • competitive spirit • ability to perform well under stress. • Because competition for these jobs is fierce. • Growth in any of these sectors means an increased demand for experienced writers and editors. entertainment and lifestyle magazines. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Passion for fashion. • Once in the system. websites.

or out of their own studio. and other media either by hand or use special computer software programs (e. exceptional drawing skills. television commercials. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent computer skills. Career Path: Fashion Illustrator Freelance > Staff Fashion Illustrator 40 .FASHION IILUSTRATOR Also called: Fashion Artist Job Description: 1. Outlook: • Many of the jobs once performed exclusively by fashion illustrators are now also done by fashion photographers. 2. basic business know-how. • For example. shoes. particularly with CAD software. well-trained and skilled illustrators are sought by employers like pattern companies and fashion forecast firms. Fashion illustrators conceptualize and create sketches and drawings of apparel. ability for self-promotion. direct mail catalogs. and flyers. 3. • In addition. films. however. and accessories for fashion advertisements. catalogues.g. there are still opportunities for fashion illustration and fashion artist jobs.. brochures. full-time jobs are often available with clothing catalog firms. manufacturer. for whom photographs will not suffice. Professional fashion artists may work on a freelance basis for an advertising agency. department store ads. or department store. computer aided design/CAD). high level of creativity and artistic expression. Fashion illustrations are used in newspaper and magazine advertising layouts.

for various fashion businesses. In large agencies. color and design. or may decide to open their own graphic design firm and hire other designers. and turnover in top positions. Graphic Designers design and prepare camera-ready copy for any type of printed material. business acumen. fashion magazine. Graphic designers may work for an advertising agency. ability to collaborate other professionals. brochures. packaging. ability to tolerate criticism. • Success for graphic designers is usually based on creativity and design sense.Good sense of style. including business cards and stationary. they work on a team with the Art Director and Creative Director in order to conceptualize and create specific designs to be approved by their client. or out of their own studio. Career Path: Paste-up Artist > Graphic Designer > Art Director > Creative Director 41 . • Faster than average growth is projected for graphic designers in the coming years thanks to the growth of the Internet and the increase in competition among apparel designers and manufacturers. variety and length of experience. graphic design firm. advertising. good computer skills. creativity and imagination. 2. and many other types of materials. • Those who fit the bill may progress to become art directors or creative directors.GRAPHIC DESIGNER Also called: Graphic Artist Job Description: 1. attention to detail. book covers. Personal Characteristics/Skills . Outlook: • Good to Excellent. as a freelance designer.

Catalogue Photographer. Web sites. 2. magazines. and print still photos and/or videos to show off clothes and accessories in a creative manner that catches the eye of consumers. develop. 3. photographers may also be responsible for scouting locations and hiring models and personnel for the photo shoot 42 . and fashion houses to conceptualize. Professional fashion photographers must have a good eye for style and beauty and be skilled at working with models to achieve & capture the best possible poses and photos.FASHION PHOTOGRAPHER Also called: Photographer. In addition to taking pictures. Fashion photographers either freelance or are employed by catalogs. shoot. Magazine Photographer Job Description: 1.

Helmut Newton. • With experience comes more opportunity. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Artistic and creative expression • thorough knowledge of the technical and aesthetic aspects of photography. and special characteristics of films and paper • good business and networking skills. lighting. darkroom procedures. including camera operations. Patrick Demarchelier. Mario Sorrenti 43 . solid interpersonal skills to communicate with models and convey your ideas. increased use of the Internet may spur further growth in fashion photography. Michael Thompson. Steven Meisel. as Web sites look to continuously refresh their content. composition. S • starting as an assistant or an apprentice is one way to get a foot in the door. and aspiring fashion photographers may outnumber the available assignments. Mario Testino. and those who can develop a solid portfolio (body of work) may attain full-time staff positions or set up their own studios and work with more exclusive or well-known fashion clients. Career Path: Photographer's Assistant > Staff/Freelance Photographer > Photo Editor > Director of Photography Famous Fashion Photographers: Richard Avedon. • However. ability to promote oneself • knowledge of trends in both photography and fashion industry.Outlook: • Competition for jobs in magazine and commercial photography is stiff.

Other Fashion Careers 44 .

positions with high-end department stores and private clients • and modeling work . film and theater productions • personal stylist .Other fashion career opportunities include --- • costume design .for TV.for everything from newspapers ads to strutting the catwalk in Milan or Paris 45 .

COSTUME DESIGNER Also called: Theatrical Designer Job Description: 1. 2. Costume Designers research and design for authentic period. and develop costume budgets for the entire production. country or social class costumes. time period and setting in which the action occurs. With any given project. costume designers must get a feel for the mood. 4. 46 . They work primarily for motion pictures. 3. television. concerts and stage companies. A good costume designer plays a big part in character or time period to vivid life on stage or screen. They do research. create sketches of costumes.

and a little luck. • As demand for movies and theater grow and the productions themselves become increasingly rich in design and costume. • Aspiring costume designers usually start as assistants . perseverance. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Creativity. Television and Film 47 .often as unpaid volunteers in college productions. Broadway/OffBroadway Productions > Costume Designer.Outlook: • Employment opportunities for costume designers depends largely upon the Entertainment Industry. this hard work should enable the designer to land a higher-paying job in the television and film industries. experience. University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer. demand for costume designers should follow. • With the right skills. knowledge of fashion history and art history • as well as general world history • good research skills • technical skill in designing and dressmaking • ability to work and collaborate with other professionals • ability to handle stress from deadlines. Career Path: Design Assistant. University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer.

friendly and tactful. • Some lucky stylists work exclusively with high-profile celebrities in the sports and entertainment industries where a client's everyday look or image is often more important than how they look while they work. good networking skills. • Personal stylists may give classes for small groups or run seminars for a client company. personal shoppers and merchandise buyers can gain credentials to work as independent consultants. • With enough experience.PERSONAL STYLIST Also called: Wardrobe Consultant. and fashion style in order to make recommendations on which fashion choices will help the client achieve and maintain their desired image. Personal stylists may often shop for their clients and pick out items that suit their image. 3. good listener. Personal stylists work with individuals or companies to educate clients about general fashion apparel and accessories. Consultants make an evaluation of their clients' physical attributes. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Related Fashion Position > Personal Stylist 48 . 2. Outlook: • Aspiring stylists should first get some experience in fashion retail positions. lifestyle. enjoy shopping. great presentation and oral communication skills. Personal Shopper Job Description: 1. knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts. ability to promote oneself. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent fashion sense. business savvy.

excellent fashion style. formal fashion show procedures and the use of cosmetics. and Laetitia Casta. Personal Characteristics/Skills photogenic and physically attractive with height. • Yet. Others work mainly pose for still photographs used in print ads. Cindy Crawford. Karolina Kurkova. retail stores. 2. make-up. They may model in showrooms. Outlook: • Demand for both male models and models who are representative of diverse racial and ethnic groups should rise higher than average for all models. familiarity with different modeling techniques. weight and body measurements falling within certain industry standards. Career Path: Print Model > Runway Model > Supermodel 49 . good people skills. Others work in fashion show modeling. persuading people to buy the products they advertise. Models work with clothing. which is more theatrical. many people aspire to become models and the competition is healthy. custom salons or specialty stores. Famous Supermodels: Kate Moss. a positive attitude. Heidi Klum.FASHION MODEL Also called: Fashion Model. self-discipline. brochures and catalogs. Print Model Job Description: 1. Christie Brinkley. those who succeed often segue into careers in fashion and entertainment. Tyra Banks. Runway Model. Models try to convey an idea by their appearance. 3. Naomi Campbell. • Like most glamorous and high status careers. Adriana Lima. and costume accessories in a variety of poses and settings.

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