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• Fashion Design Production Fashion Designer • Fashion Accessory Designer Marketing/Merchandising Fashion Merchandiser Fashion Buyer Fashion Sales Rep Fashion Coordinator Showroom Sales Rep Retail Merchandiser Product Manager Clothing Patternmaker Visual Merchandiser Retail Store Manager Pattern Grader Boutique Owner
• Fashion Media & Promotions Fashion Writer Fashion Stylist Fashion PR Specialist Fashion Editor Fashion Illustrator Graphic Designer Fashion Photographer
• Other Fashion Careers Costume Designer Personal Stylist Model
Fashion Design Production
• Fashion and accessory designers use their knowledge of design principles, techniques, and tools to create sketches and models of original garments, shoes, handbags and other fashion accessories. • They often specialize in a particular facet of clothing design, such as men's, women's, children's wear, or lingerie. • While some fashion designers control the entire design and marketing process, others use the services of patternmakers to create original textiles and trimmings, production managers to oversee the actual creation of the fashion line, and fashion merchandisers to introduce and establish the designs in the fashion marketplace.
2. and individual clients. produce. and promote a finished. maternity. and sales departments to design. individual designers may work in very specialized areas. bridal. such as tshirts. specialty and retail stores. More experienced designers may be required to travel to promote their fashion lines. 4.FASHION DESIGNER Alternate Titles: Clothes Designer. In larger fashion houses. They analyze fashion trends and work closely with production. shows. especially when deadlines approach for launches. Fashion designers conceptualize and create new clothing. marketing. evening dresses. or denims. Fashion design is a demanding and unpredictable job with long hours. ready-to-wear product for apparel manufacturers. sportswear etc. 5 . Apparel Designer Job Description: 1. textile and apparel manufacturers. and fashion studios. kids. 5. men. Potential employers include retailers. 3. 7. baby outfits. Fashion designers usually specialize in a specific line of clothing such as women. an example being tailors who produce custom designs for weddings and other special events. maternity clothes. haute couturiers. 6. or individual jobs.
shape.computer assisted design) knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts knowledge of manufacturing and production process ability to deal with ambiguity and rejection and to handle stress due to deadlines good business and marketing skills.Outlook: • • Demand for fashion designers will remain strong as consumers constantly seek new styles and fashion. Career Path: Design Assistant > Assistant Designer > Associate Designer > Fashion Director • • • • • • • 6 . drawing and sketching skills computer skills (especially with the use of CAD . which creates more overall demand for clothing and accessories. Personal Characteristics and Skillsability to discriminate between colors and judge fabric quality & a good eye for style. and the population is growing. and color above-average ability for sewing skills. Expect long hours in the beginning and be prepared for seasonal slowdowns.
kids. Accessory designers must always stay in touch not only with trends in their own specialties.ACCESSORY DESIGNER Also called: Jewelry Designer. 7 . gloves. 2. Accessory designers conceptualize and create designs for jewelry. but also within apparel and fabric markets. Job Description: 1. Shoe Designer. 3. to go with clothing. ties. Accessory designers usually specialize in a specific line of accessories. and so on. etc. hats. in order to react to create pieces that complement the new hot styles in the market. brides. shoes. handbags. moms. be it men. belts. as well as the customers for whom they design these accessories. Handbag Designer. etc. women.
Few staff positions are available.Outlook: • • Accessory design is a highly competitive field that requires a lot of selfmotivation. etc) • persistence and determination. drawing and sketching skills • knowledge of and ability to react to current fashion trends • knowledge of manufacturing and production process • ability to keep production within a tight budget. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • above average ability for creative expression • technical skill in working with materials required for the chosen specialty (such as metal and semi-precious stones for jewelry designers. handle stress due to deadlines Career Path: Design Assistant/ Freelance Accessory Designer > Associate Staff Accessory Designer > Accessory Designs Director 8 . so most accessory designers work independently. ability to work independently.
Apparel Merchandiser Job Description: 1. 9 . 5. Merchandisers are some of the most powerful employees within an apparel company. Fashion merchandising professionals on the retail side are responsible for determining store inventory and to price clothes (MPR) 4. and previous sales numbers to determine the product direction that the manufacturers will take each season. 3. and have large personnel management responsibilities.FASHION MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandiser. 2. They may also be responsible for tracking profits and losses. Fashion merchandisers on the apparel production side track and analyze market trends. production costs. A fashion merchandiser needs to be one of the first in the industry to spot the trend.
calm under pressure. Personal Characteristics and Skills – • extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends • highly analytical with strong math skills • ability to predict and create fashion trends • ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions. Career Path: Fashion Buyer > Merchandising Assistant > Merchandiser > Merchandising Director 10 . there are a number of merchandiser positions open • Those who have the business acumen and good fashion judgment to achieve and maintain profitability in their sector could advance high up the executive ladder. As a result. detail oriented. well-organized.Outlook: • Every apparel maker needs at least one fashion merchandiser. • ability to work with other executives. decisive.
and even help the customer sell more of the product by arranging special events like trunk shows and in-store fashion shows featuring their products. assist in solving problems the customer may have with the product. Fashion Sales Representatives sell a manufacturer's garments and accessories to Fashion Buyers from wholesale and retail stores. 3. and must be able to answer any questions regarding the products. 4. and catalogs of their manufacturer's product line. illustrations. Sales representatives usually solicit orders from new and prospective customers within a designated geographical area. They listen to their customers concerns about the product. Apparel Sales Representative Job Description: 1.FASHION SALES REPRESENTATIVE Also called: Manufacturer's Representative. They show samples. 5. This is a position that requires a good deal of travel. sometimes internationally. 2. 11 .
Personal Characteristics/Skills – • highly competitive • belief in the product and ability to maintain enthusiasm for it • excellent communication skills . Career Path: Showroom Sales Representative/Assistant > Sales Representative > Sales Manager > Regional Sales Manager > National Sales Manager > VP Sales 12 .both written and oral • establish good relationships with customers • self-motivated with good follow-through skills • ability to deal with rejection and remain upbeat • knowledge of fashion industry trends and manufacturer's competitors. • Often the key to getting a job is the willingness and flexibility to travel to remote locations. • Higher than average growth within the US is projected in this sector. with additional positions available overseas.Outlook: • Good to Excellent.
Once they convince the Fashion Buyer to purchase the manufacturer's products. outgoing. advancement is a good possibility. knowledge of manufacturing and retail sectors of the fashion industry. good organizational and computer skills. excellent communication and presentation skills. • Although a showroom sales rep is a fairly competitive position. where they meet with visiting Fashion Buyers and show the latest product line. they are responsible for accurately taking the Fashion Buyers order.enthusiastic. college graduates with good communication skills and the right personality have a good chance of being hired.SHOWROOM SALES REPRESENTATIVES Also called: Showroom Salesperson. 2. They must then make sure that the right quantity of the right product reaches their customers' stores at the right time and in saleable condition. • With enough experience and some additional education or training. Showroom Representative Job Description: 1. good listener. 4. Showroom sales reps should expect to work additional long hours during the four to six market weeks or fashion weeks each year. 3. Career Path: Showroom Sales Assistant > Showroom Sales Representative > Showroom Sales Manager 13 . friendly. They work at manufacturers and/or designers offices. Personal Characteristics/Skills . Outlook: • Good to Excellent.
• Most aspiring product managers must work up to this senior level. or product line. well-organized.PRODUCT MANAGER Also called: Product Development Manager Job Description: 1.highly analytical with strong math skills. they can be promoted into an executive leadership position. ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions. extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends. 3. calm under pressure. design. 4. Career Path: Market Analyst > Merchandiser > Product Manager > Director of Product Management 14 . construction. detail oriented. Product Managers usually handle a specific product. They are also responsible for overseeing the set-up and implementation of quality assurance protocols for their product. usually starting at an analyst or assistant position. Product Managers are responsible for overseeing the conceptualization. decisive. This is a fairly senior position within a manufacturer's organization. ability to work with other executives. Personal Characteristics/Skills . Outlook: • Employment is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012. selling and distribution of a manufacturer or designer's products. 2. • As product managers gain extensive experience and knowledge of the manufacturer's operations.
Fabric Patternmaker Job Description: 1. • As styles become more complicated. 3. straight and curved rules). good computer skills (specifically with CAD programs . Outlook: • Pattern makers are very important to designers and fashion houses. manufacturers or as freelancers. Alternatively Patternmakers may be promoted into Manufacturing/Production Management positions. 15 . squares. expertise with body proportions. Apparel Patternmaker. designs. Patternmakers use their expertise in body proportions and knowledge of fabric to translate the designer's apparel sketches into its various pattern pieces. and sketches. yet the number of people entering the trade has declined.great technical skills with an ability to use drafting tools (calipers. detail oriented. pattern makers are vital to the success of a design. • There should be opportunities either working for designers. Personal Characteristics/Skills . ability to visualize the finished garment from a designers drawings.computer assisted drawing).CLOTHING PATTERN MAKER Also called: Pattern Maker. 2. understanding of apparel manufacturing process. Clothing patternmakers make full-size paper or fiberboard patterns for clothing. patternmakers often act as liaisons between the design and manufacturing groups. good communication skills. Because of their understanding of the technical aspect of a design. Career Path: Fabric Cutter/Grader > Patternmaker > Assistant Designer > Designer.
2. Pattern graders are responsible for reducing or enlarging a pattern created by a patternmaker order to produce clothes across a range of sizes (S. etc) and fits (tall. M. L. technical expertise and experience. anyone starting as a pattern grader should have opportunities to progress on the road to becoming production managers. machinery. especially through turnover or attrition. analytical and problem-solving skills. Pattern graders may use charts. pattern grading is considered more of a technically oriented career than patternmaking or designing.Understanding of apparel construction and manufacturing and patternmaking. Outlook: • Opportunities for pattern graders are available. Career Path: Pattern Grading Assistant > Pattern Grader > Patternmaker > Production Manager 16 . petite). • With the right attitude. ability to do precise manual work. good drafting and math skills.PATTERN GRADER Also called: Grader Job Description: 1. ability to manage deadlines and multiple projects. Personal Characteristics/Skills . but may also work for firms that specialize in pattern grading (such as an outsourcing provider). In general. • Pattern graders may work directly for design houses or manufacturers. or computer programs in their work.
Fashion Marketing/Merchandising 17 .
18 . Drawing on their knowledge of consumer psychology and trends.Fashion Marketing/Merchandising • They are responsible for identifying and creating fashion trends to sell the products created by fashion designers. The fashion merchandising field includes jobs in both retail and wholesale sales. they promote fashion with advertising and visual marketing campaigns.
FASHION BUYER Also called: Apparel Buyer. Buyers for larger department stores usually specialize in a specific line of clothes or accessories (e. knowledge of fashion trends.. 2. Buyer Job Description: 1. 3. Buyers must also be good at budgeting and planning inventory so that a good selection of clothing is always available for customers. men's suits or women's denim) 19 . and understanding of their target customers' desires to create an attractive selection of apparel for retail stores. so it is important for fashion buyers to be able to understand past. Fashion buyers use their sense of style. 4. and future fashion trends. designers. or wholesalers for the retailers or departmental stores 1 or 2 seasons in advance. present.g. Buyers often make their purchases of apparel and accessories from manufacturers.
Outlook: • Good to Excellent. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Fashion buyers must be fashion-lovers with knowledge of fashion history and trends • good analytical skills • good negotiation abilities • flexible work attitude • excellent budgeting and planning skills • inventory management skills • ability to deal well with deadlines and stress. • Advancement opportunities are good: Those who start at the assistant buyer level have a good chance of becoming full-fledged buyers within 3 to 5 years. • The overall number of fashion buyer positions available is expected to decrease. Career Path: Assistant Fashion Buyer > Fashion Buyer > Divisional Merchandise Manager 20 . but new positions become available as a result of internal promotions of experienced buyers.
They are constantly monitoring industry publications and talking to designers in order to understand industry trends and keep up with the latest in fabric and textile development. supervising fashion photography shoots for promotions.CO-ORDINATOR Also called: Fashion Director Job Description: 1. 2. and serving as a middleman with fabric mills. Fashion directors need to assess the potential success of a garment or clothing line and determine the best plan for promotion and marketing. 3. Fashion coordinators then share their analyses with retail salespeople and/or editors to guide them in making customer recommendations. design house. 5. suppliers. or fashion magazine. Additional responsibilities of a fashion coordinator may include organizing fashion parades. and wholesalers to ensure that things are on schedule and colors. and textiles are according to plan. Long hours and frequent travel are part of the job. designs. 21 . 6. Fashion Coordinators are responsible for creating a unified look and feel across all fashion divisions of a department store. and they also share their analysis with buyers to guide them in making inventory purchases. 4.
and presentation skills. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Assistant Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Director 22 . etc. colors. in-depth understanding of consumer behavior • an interest in artistic and creative pursuits. styles. these are available in areas like fashion magazines. • However. and department stores. fabrics. design houses. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • excellent understanding of fashion (e.g. cuts. • There are only a limited number of Fashion Coordinator positions available since it is a high-level position.) • knowledge and understanding of fashion trends • a flair for style..Outlook: • Fair to Great. negotiation. judgment. great networking skills • great organizational skills • excellent communication.
strong time management skills. Long hours and plenty of travel are often part of the job. Fashion Merchandiser Job Description: 1. designers and merchandise markets. They work with a team of buyers and managers to decide the most effective way to sell their products including advertising and display of merchandise & on how and where best to position and place merchandise. consumers. Outlook: Good to Excellent. Career Path: Buyers > Associate Merchandising Manager > Merchandise Manager > General Merchandising Manager 23 . purchase. Like Fashion Buyers. and make fashion forecasts basted on the information they collect. product development and sales. 4. manufacturers and products. 2.RETAIL MERCHANDISER Also called: Merchandise Manager. highly organized. pricing. 3. Retail Merchandisers select. visit manufacturers. They study fashion trends. expertise in planning. 5. in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion marketplace. They may also be responsible for organizing and coordinating promotional activities like fashion shows. division or chain. great leadership and management skills. designers. competitors. forecasting. Merchandisers may also specialize in a specific line of clothing. department. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Exceptional analytical skills. promote and sell clothing and accessories for a retail store. 6.
promoted. or sold. and seasonal factors. Christmas and Valentine's Day). Visual Merchandisers are responsible for conceptualizing. In larger department stores or retail chains.VISUAL MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandise Display Artist.g. 6. 2. Visual Display Designer Job Description: 1. 5. 24 . and any other areas where the store's apparel and accessories are displayed. such as holidays (e. designing. Visual Merchandisers may provide input or oversee the design and layout of a store or department. tradeshow displays. 3. and (3) guide their customers' browsing through merchandise placement and store layout to result in an eventual sale. promotions. Visual Merchandisers must combine their creativity and artistic flair with technical know-how to set up displays that maximize the space of the store while effectively catching the eye and appealing to the senses of their target customers. Visual Display Artists take into account current fashions and trends. Visual Merchandisers coordinate with the head office and other design teams (including buyers and sales staff) to ensure consistency with the corporate brand or image.. (2) increase customer traffic in the store. fashion showrooms. Their mail goals are: (1) create and maintain an image for a department or store that resonates with their target customers. In addition to drawing on their knowledge of customer tendencies when designing their displays. 4. and implementing window and instore displays for both online and brick and mortar retail stores.
• In the coming years. props. Career Path: Visual Merchandising Assistant > Visual Merchandiser > Visual Merchandising Coordinator > Visual Merchandising Director 25 . as well as knowledge of fashion and art/design industry trends and forecasts. 2.store customer traffic and therefore their bottom lines. Personal Characteristics and Skills: 1. Visual Merchandiser jobs are projected to grow at a pace higher than the national average. • Experienced Visual Merchandisers who have a proven track record of creating great displays may have the option of joining or starting their own firms specializing in visual merchandising for retailers. or they may be promoted to managerial positions of greater responsibilities.g. setting up proper lighting. It is also important to have the ability to work well with others. • Now that retailers have realized the positive impact that displays can have on their in. etc) is helpful. building stet. Technical and design expertise (e. Creativity is key with an above-average ability for artistic expression. skilled Visual Merchandisers have become more sought after.Outlook: • Good to Excellent.
Retail store managers are very high-level employees who are responsible for overseeing all aspects of a store's operations. and as such must have the right combination of fashion industry knowledge. store managers do or at least are involved in some manner in everything from approving visual displays and print or television advertisements. training. firing and promoting employees. and interpersonal skills to keep their stores profitable. Working long hours. Department Store Manager Job Description: 1. weekends. 4. evenings and holidays are often part of the job. business acumen. Depending on the size of a store. 26 . ordering a store's merchandise inventory. setting up pricing policies. to hiring. They are ultimately responsible for the store's bottom line. 3.RETAIL STORE MANAGER Also called: Store Manager. 2.
sales and management. accounting. Job stability for Retail Store Managers is now more than ever determined by the store's ongoing profitability. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • interpersonal and management skills • highly organized • detail oriented yet constantly thinking of the big picture • good business skills particularly in marketing. Candidates with retail experience will have the the best opportunity for jobs as store managers. The growth of national chains has created more jobs at companies (instead of small retail stores) and thus created a career development path for many aspiring managers. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Associate Manager > Store Manager > Department Store Manager 27 .Outlook: Employment for retail store managers / supervisors is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012.
3. handbags. sunglasses. tuxedos. Boutique owners must be jacks of all trades as they typically oversee all aspects of a boutiques operations from planning and purchasing their inventory.BOUTIQUE OWNER Also called: Specialty Store Owner. 28 . Owner Job Description: 1. lingerie. vintage. T-shirts. shoes. novelty items. watches. One could start a fashion boutique in one of the following areas: sportswear. Successful boutique owners are very entrepreneurial-minded and driven people who use a combination of savvy business skills and in-depth knowledge of the fashion retail industry to make a profit. Their stores often target a specific customer profile and often carry a specific mix of clothing and/or apparel designers that appeal to this demographic. beachwear. 4. 2. setting up the in-store displays and managing employees. accessories. and more. dresses.
Sales and Management • in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion retail marketplace. multi-tasking capabilities. • Once the store is profitable. owners can go on to open additional stores. and the value of being one's own boss cannot be underestimated. • Often. • Setting up a boutique usually requires obtaining a bank loan or drawing from personal savings to cover initial investments. excellent time management and communication skills. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Retail Manager > Boutique Owner 29 . Personal Characteristics/Skills – • entrepreneurial and risk-taking personality • solid business background in fields such as Marketing. successful owners are those who can attract investors with a solid business plan and operational structure. including trends and forecasts • flexible.Outlook: • Being a small business owner is a dream for many people. or if they have created a strong enough brand. sell franchises for subsequent locations. Accounting.
Fashion Media & Promotions 30 .
• Fashion photographs. and stylists are often employed by catalogs and magazines. web sites.Fashion Media & Promotions • The fashion industry offers a number of opportunities for creative professionals who aren't attracted to the design side. 31 . and other media outlets to keep consumers up-to-date on style trends. • Fashion writers and editors are employed by newspapers. illustrators. magazines.
5. Most draw upon their personal interest and incorporate their own personality into stories to make their pieces fun. models. who together dig up their own stories e.. but for those who specialize in areas like designer collection reviews. interesting and engaging to readers. fashion reporters must do thorough research and/or conduct interviews when preparing articles. and of course for television. 32 . Like all journalists. After developing these stories behind the scenes. Fashion Critic. 3. submitting articles on a freelance basis is often the preferred career direction. Fashion writers produce editorial copy for media outlets such as fashion magazines. they are pitched to chief editors or other fashion media buyers like Vogue or Cosmo. The majority of the industry's fashion writers work within editorial departments of fashion design firms. editors. newspapers. celebrities and others who make up fashion's inner circle.. formal portraits of designers. 4. Fashion Reporter Job Description: 1.g. fashion / design websites or blogs. Talented fashion editors tend to partner with photographers.FASHION WRITER Also called: Fashion Journalist. 2.
attention to detail. Freelance fashion writers must have persistence and perseverance and be good at marketing their work Career Path: Editorial Assistant > Staff Fashion Writer > Fashion Editor 33 . textiles. • Two thirds of the nations working fashion editors will reside in either New York or California (US Dept of Labor). • The fashion writing industry can be extremely competitive.. • A love of fashion and knowledge about the industry. and superior research and fact-checking skills are essential.Good interpersonal communication skills are needed for interviews and dealing with editors. historical trends. fabrics and business are also important. designers. Skills – • Excellent English communication and writing skills (e.g. Personal Characteristics .Outlook: • National employment demand for all fashion journalists and writers is expected to grow through 2014. spelling and grammar).
commercial. which can include basic tasks such as steaming and ironing garments. public relations firms. print advertisement. and even models to fit the theme of the shoot. They coordinate colors and styles and ensure that all clothes are ready for the shoot. 3. Many stylists also choose to run their own businesses. catalog publishers. music video. and music production companies often employ fashion stylists. 2. fashions. television and film production houses. 34 . advertising agencies. layout. retailers. Fashion stylists often scout locations. Stylists may also be employed by agents. etc. 5. Fashion stylists are responsible for bringing to life a photographer or director's vision for a fashion photo shoot. celebrities.FASHION STYLIST Job Description: 1. create the mood for the shoot by selecting and setting up the appropriate props. Companies such as magazines. or wealthy clients as wardrobe consultants to help them prepare for major events or appearances. newspapers. accessories. 4.
• Once established. Mischa Barton. Naomi Campbell Rachel Zoe: Celebrity clients include Nichole Richie. clients usually hire stylists they have used in the past or those who have proven success in the business. budgets. stylists who maintain a good professional reputation can expect plenty of repeat business and often take advantage of this by setting up their own independent businesses. Personal Characteristics and Skills – • eye for style. good interpersonal and networking skills • persistence and self-motivation. creativity and resourcefulness • broad knowledge of fashion history. Kelly Price 35 . ability to market oneself • savvy business skills to deal with invoicing. Keira Knightly Wardrobe stylist for Madonna. Career Path: Intern/Stylist's Apprentice > Assistant Fashion Stylist > Staff Fashion Stylist Famous Fashion Stylists: Jeff Ihenando: Stylist for supermodels Kate Moss. bills. Kylie Minogue. etc.Outlook: • Aspiring fashion stylists should expect to work their way to the top. Lauren Hutton. • In addition. trends and forecasts • technical know-how for setting up sets. • The most successful fashion stylists have extensive networks of contacts within the fashion industry to get the job done quickly and on budget. Libery Ross.
PR specialists must maintain strong professional relationships with media personnel. PR specialists select information that they want to share with the public and write up press releases or conduct press conferences to distribute the news through television. 36 . Fashion Media Relations Specialist Job Description: 1. 2.FASHION PUBLIC RELATIONS SPECIALIST Also called: Fashion Publicist. radio and direct mail. Because they do not pay for publicity or media coverage. newspapers. As such. 4. 3. Fashion Public Relations Specialists and Publicists help apparel companies and retail stores build and maintain a favorable public image. They are also responsible for interacting with media when questions or crises arise from outside sources. Public Relations (PR) Specialists must find creative ways to keep the company's brand name in the public eye.
PR specialists may also work at PR firms that handle work for a variety of clients. • The market for PR specialists focused solely on fashion is growing quickly. good time management and multi-tasking skills • ability to maintain an even temperament under stress. After 3-5 years of experience in the field. Career Path: Promotions Assistant > Public Relations Specialist > Public Relations Coordinator > Director of Public Relations 37 . Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Knowledge of journalistic basics including proper news release formats • excellent written and oral communication and presentation skills • good interpersonal skills.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. PR specialists often move into more senior PR Coordinator positions. • In addition to working on staff for design houses and retailers.
38 . New York. and vintage clothing stores 6. and Milan). accessories.g. beauty and make-up. Some fashion editors choose to freelance.g. In addition. Accessories Editor. retail stores. websites. or television shows. 2. clothing and accessories). Due to the deadline-driven nature of their work. photo shoots. 5. London.FASHION EDITOR Also called: Apparel Editor.. both salaried and freelance editors should enjoy a fastpaced environment. and so on. developing and presenting content for fashionspecific magazines. newspaper sections. they are responsible for deciding the creative influence and direction that their departments will pursue during a given season or issue. Under guidance of the editor-in-chief. working on a per-contract basis and assuming all of the costs of the fashion shoot (e. specialty boutiques. editors are often required to travel to keep up with the latest fashion trends through meetings with designers and visits to fashion shows throughout the world (e. Editors may specialize in apparel.. Paris. 4. Editors occupy the mid to highest-level positions at publications 3. Fashion editors supervise the process of creating. Fashion Producer Job Description: 1.
entertainment and lifestyle magazines. opportunities for advancement become more readily available. broad knowledge of fashion industry trends and forecasts • excellent writing/journalistic talent with the ability to communicate effectively and clearly • great organization and planning skills. • Because competition for these jobs is fierce.Outlook: • Employment of editors and writers is expected to increase 10% to 20% between 2002 and 2012 • There are a variety of outlets in which prospective editors may seek employment including but not limited to: fashion magazines. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Passion for fashion. • Once in the system. websites. • Growth in any of these sectors means an increased demand for experienced writers and editors. aspiring editors must be creative. fashion sections of news. newspapers. etc. television shows. Career Path: Associate Editor > Editor > Senior Editor > Editor-in-Chief Famous Fashion Editor-in-Chiefs: Anna Wintour: Vogue Magazine Cindi Leive: Glamour Magazine Robbie Myers: Elle Magazine 39 . hard working and willing to start at the bottom and take opportunities as they arise. excellent interpersonal and management skills • competitive spirit • ability to perform well under stress.
full-time jobs are often available with clothing catalog firms. brochures. well-trained and skilled illustrators are sought by employers like pattern companies and fashion forecast firms. and other media either by hand or use special computer software programs (e. department store ads.. ability for self-promotion. Fashion illustrators conceptualize and create sketches and drawings of apparel. Professional fashion artists may work on a freelance basis for an advertising agency. or out of their own studio. basic business know-how. particularly with CAD software. shoes. however. high level of creativity and artistic expression. films. • For example. and accessories for fashion advertisements. exceptional drawing skills. direct mail catalogs. Outlook: • Many of the jobs once performed exclusively by fashion illustrators are now also done by fashion photographers. • In addition. Career Path: Fashion Illustrator Freelance > Staff Fashion Illustrator 40 . television commercials. or department store.FASHION IILUSTRATOR Also called: Fashion Artist Job Description: 1. Fashion illustrations are used in newspaper and magazine advertising layouts. 2.g. there are still opportunities for fashion illustration and fashion artist jobs. catalogues. 3. computer aided design/CAD). for whom photographs will not suffice. and flyers. manufacturer. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent computer skills.
as a freelance designer. graphic design firm. book covers. • Success for graphic designers is usually based on creativity and design sense. good computer skills. Outlook: • Good to Excellent. advertising. variety and length of experience. and many other types of materials. for various fashion businesses. Graphic designers may work for an advertising agency. Career Path: Paste-up Artist > Graphic Designer > Art Director > Creative Director 41 . 2. creativity and imagination. business acumen. fashion magazine.GRAPHIC DESIGNER Also called: Graphic Artist Job Description: 1. • Faster than average growth is projected for graphic designers in the coming years thanks to the growth of the Internet and the increase in competition among apparel designers and manufacturers.Good sense of style. they work on a team with the Art Director and Creative Director in order to conceptualize and create specific designs to be approved by their client. In large agencies. attention to detail. brochures. packaging. Graphic Designers design and prepare camera-ready copy for any type of printed material. ability to tolerate criticism. or out of their own studio. • Those who fit the bill may progress to become art directors or creative directors. and turnover in top positions. ability to collaborate other professionals. color and design. Personal Characteristics/Skills . including business cards and stationary. or may decide to open their own graphic design firm and hire other designers.
develop. In addition to taking pictures. and print still photos and/or videos to show off clothes and accessories in a creative manner that catches the eye of consumers.FASHION PHOTOGRAPHER Also called: Photographer. Fashion photographers either freelance or are employed by catalogs. shoot. 3. Catalogue Photographer. 2. Web sites. and fashion houses to conceptualize. magazines. photographers may also be responsible for scouting locations and hiring models and personnel for the photo shoot 42 . Magazine Photographer Job Description: 1. Professional fashion photographers must have a good eye for style and beauty and be skilled at working with models to achieve & capture the best possible poses and photos.
Steven Meisel. darkroom procedures. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Artistic and creative expression • thorough knowledge of the technical and aesthetic aspects of photography. Career Path: Photographer's Assistant > Staff/Freelance Photographer > Photo Editor > Director of Photography Famous Fashion Photographers: Richard Avedon. Mario Testino.Outlook: • Competition for jobs in magazine and commercial photography is stiff. • However. increased use of the Internet may spur further growth in fashion photography. solid interpersonal skills to communicate with models and convey your ideas. Mario Sorrenti 43 . S • starting as an assistant or an apprentice is one way to get a foot in the door. and special characteristics of films and paper • good business and networking skills. lighting. Helmut Newton. and those who can develop a solid portfolio (body of work) may attain full-time staff positions or set up their own studios and work with more exclusive or well-known fashion clients. including camera operations. composition. • With experience comes more opportunity. Michael Thompson. and aspiring fashion photographers may outnumber the available assignments. ability to promote oneself • knowledge of trends in both photography and fashion industry. Patrick Demarchelier. as Web sites look to continuously refresh their content.
Other Fashion Careers 44 .
film and theater productions • personal stylist .positions with high-end department stores and private clients • and modeling work .for TV.for everything from newspapers ads to strutting the catwalk in Milan or Paris 45 .Other fashion career opportunities include --- • costume design .
country or social class costumes.COSTUME DESIGNER Also called: Theatrical Designer Job Description: 1. 4. A good costume designer plays a big part in character or time period to vivid life on stage or screen. 2. create sketches of costumes. television. 46 . They work primarily for motion pictures. concerts and stage companies. and develop costume budgets for the entire production. 3. time period and setting in which the action occurs. They do research. costume designers must get a feel for the mood. Costume Designers research and design for authentic period. With any given project.
University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer. knowledge of fashion history and art history • as well as general world history • good research skills • technical skill in designing and dressmaking • ability to work and collaborate with other professionals • ability to handle stress from deadlines.Outlook: • Employment opportunities for costume designers depends largely upon the Entertainment Industry. Television and Film 47 .often as unpaid volunteers in college productions. perseverance. this hard work should enable the designer to land a higher-paying job in the television and film industries. Career Path: Design Assistant. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Creativity. experience. and a little luck. • With the right skills. Broadway/OffBroadway Productions > Costume Designer. University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer. • As demand for movies and theater grow and the productions themselves become increasingly rich in design and costume. • Aspiring costume designers usually start as assistants . demand for costume designers should follow.
Personal Shopper Job Description: 1. enjoy shopping. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Related Fashion Position > Personal Stylist 48 . friendly and tactful. Personal stylists work with individuals or companies to educate clients about general fashion apparel and accessories. • Personal stylists may give classes for small groups or run seminars for a client company. 2. Outlook: • Aspiring stylists should first get some experience in fashion retail positions. personal shoppers and merchandise buyers can gain credentials to work as independent consultants. great presentation and oral communication skills. • With enough experience. good networking skills. business savvy. and fashion style in order to make recommendations on which fashion choices will help the client achieve and maintain their desired image. Consultants make an evaluation of their clients' physical attributes. lifestyle. ability to promote oneself.PERSONAL STYLIST Also called: Wardrobe Consultant. knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts. 3. Personal stylists may often shop for their clients and pick out items that suit their image. • Some lucky stylists work exclusively with high-profile celebrities in the sports and entertainment industries where a client's everyday look or image is often more important than how they look while they work. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent fashion sense. good listener.
make-up. weight and body measurements falling within certain industry standards. Runway Model. Christie Brinkley. 3. and Laetitia Casta. retail stores. • Yet. Models work with clothing. Outlook: • Demand for both male models and models who are representative of diverse racial and ethnic groups should rise higher than average for all models. excellent fashion style. good people skills. Naomi Campbell. • Like most glamorous and high status careers. formal fashion show procedures and the use of cosmetics. Career Path: Print Model > Runway Model > Supermodel 49 . Tyra Banks. They may model in showrooms. 2. custom salons or specialty stores. Adriana Lima. and costume accessories in a variety of poses and settings. Heidi Klum. Models try to convey an idea by their appearance. Karolina Kurkova. a positive attitude. brochures and catalogs. which is more theatrical. Famous Supermodels: Kate Moss. many people aspire to become models and the competition is healthy. Others work in fashion show modeling. Cindy Crawford. persuading people to buy the products they advertise. Others work mainly pose for still photographs used in print ads. Personal Characteristics/Skills photogenic and physically attractive with height. Print Model Job Description: 1. self-discipline.FASHION MODEL Also called: Fashion Model. those who succeed often segue into careers in fashion and entertainment. familiarity with different modeling techniques.