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• Fashion Design Production Fashion Designer • Fashion Accessory Designer Marketing/Merchandising Fashion Merchandiser Fashion Buyer Fashion Sales Rep Fashion Coordinator Showroom Sales Rep Retail Merchandiser Product Manager Clothing Patternmaker Visual Merchandiser Retail Store Manager Pattern Grader Boutique Owner
• Fashion Media & Promotions Fashion Writer Fashion Stylist Fashion PR Specialist Fashion Editor Fashion Illustrator Graphic Designer Fashion Photographer
• Other Fashion Careers Costume Designer Personal Stylist Model
Fashion Design Production
• Fashion and accessory designers use their knowledge of design principles, techniques, and tools to create sketches and models of original garments, shoes, handbags and other fashion accessories. • They often specialize in a particular facet of clothing design, such as men's, women's, children's wear, or lingerie. • While some fashion designers control the entire design and marketing process, others use the services of patternmakers to create original textiles and trimmings, production managers to oversee the actual creation of the fashion line, and fashion merchandisers to introduce and establish the designs in the fashion marketplace.
7. and individual clients. produce. and fashion studios. or individual jobs. Apparel Designer Job Description: 1. Fashion designers usually specialize in a specific line of clothing such as women. evening dresses. bridal. Potential employers include retailers. In larger fashion houses. 5. individual designers may work in very specialized areas. 4. especially when deadlines approach for launches. and promote a finished. 2. such as tshirts. textile and apparel manufacturers. maternity clothes. shows.FASHION DESIGNER Alternate Titles: Clothes Designer. 5 . specialty and retail stores. kids. 3. men. maternity. or denims. ready-to-wear product for apparel manufacturers. baby outfits. sportswear etc. Fashion design is a demanding and unpredictable job with long hours. More experienced designers may be required to travel to promote their fashion lines. an example being tailors who produce custom designs for weddings and other special events. and sales departments to design. They analyze fashion trends and work closely with production. haute couturiers. 6. Fashion designers conceptualize and create new clothing. marketing.
which creates more overall demand for clothing and accessories. shape. and the population is growing. Career Path: Design Assistant > Assistant Designer > Associate Designer > Fashion Director • • • • • • • 6 . drawing and sketching skills computer skills (especially with the use of CAD .computer assisted design) knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts knowledge of manufacturing and production process ability to deal with ambiguity and rejection and to handle stress due to deadlines good business and marketing skills.Outlook: • • Demand for fashion designers will remain strong as consumers constantly seek new styles and fashion. Personal Characteristics and Skillsability to discriminate between colors and judge fabric quality & a good eye for style. and color above-average ability for sewing skills. Expect long hours in the beginning and be prepared for seasonal slowdowns.
shoes. Accessory designers usually specialize in a specific line of accessories. 3. be it men.ACCESSORY DESIGNER Also called: Jewelry Designer. brides. Shoe Designer. etc. hats. Accessory designers conceptualize and create designs for jewelry. Handbag Designer. Accessory designers must always stay in touch not only with trends in their own specialties. ties. gloves. kids. to go with clothing. and so on. etc. 7 . as well as the customers for whom they design these accessories. but also within apparel and fabric markets. in order to react to create pieces that complement the new hot styles in the market. belts. handbags. 2. women. moms. Job Description: 1.
drawing and sketching skills • knowledge of and ability to react to current fashion trends • knowledge of manufacturing and production process • ability to keep production within a tight budget. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • above average ability for creative expression • technical skill in working with materials required for the chosen specialty (such as metal and semi-precious stones for jewelry designers. so most accessory designers work independently.Outlook: • • Accessory design is a highly competitive field that requires a lot of selfmotivation. Few staff positions are available. ability to work independently. etc) • persistence and determination. handle stress due to deadlines Career Path: Design Assistant/ Freelance Accessory Designer > Associate Staff Accessory Designer > Accessory Designs Director 8 .
and have large personnel management responsibilities. Apparel Merchandiser Job Description: 1. and previous sales numbers to determine the product direction that the manufacturers will take each season. 3.FASHION MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandiser. Fashion merchandising professionals on the retail side are responsible for determining store inventory and to price clothes (MPR) 4. 2. They may also be responsible for tracking profits and losses. 9 . production costs. A fashion merchandiser needs to be one of the first in the industry to spot the trend. Merchandisers are some of the most powerful employees within an apparel company. Fashion merchandisers on the apparel production side track and analyze market trends. 5.
detail oriented. decisive. • ability to work with other executives. calm under pressure. well-organized.Outlook: • Every apparel maker needs at least one fashion merchandiser. As a result. Career Path: Fashion Buyer > Merchandising Assistant > Merchandiser > Merchandising Director 10 . Personal Characteristics and Skills – • extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends • highly analytical with strong math skills • ability to predict and create fashion trends • ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions. there are a number of merchandiser positions open • Those who have the business acumen and good fashion judgment to achieve and maintain profitability in their sector could advance high up the executive ladder.
11 . Sales representatives usually solicit orders from new and prospective customers within a designated geographical area. Fashion Sales Representatives sell a manufacturer's garments and accessories to Fashion Buyers from wholesale and retail stores. 3. 5. illustrations. and even help the customer sell more of the product by arranging special events like trunk shows and in-store fashion shows featuring their products. Apparel Sales Representative Job Description: 1. and catalogs of their manufacturer's product line. They show samples. They listen to their customers concerns about the product. and must be able to answer any questions regarding the products. sometimes internationally. assist in solving problems the customer may have with the product. 2. 4. This is a position that requires a good deal of travel.FASHION SALES REPRESENTATIVE Also called: Manufacturer's Representative.
• Often the key to getting a job is the willingness and flexibility to travel to remote locations.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. • Higher than average growth within the US is projected in this sector.both written and oral • establish good relationships with customers • self-motivated with good follow-through skills • ability to deal with rejection and remain upbeat • knowledge of fashion industry trends and manufacturer's competitors. Career Path: Showroom Sales Representative/Assistant > Sales Representative > Sales Manager > Regional Sales Manager > National Sales Manager > VP Sales 12 . with additional positions available overseas. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • highly competitive • belief in the product and ability to maintain enthusiasm for it • excellent communication skills .
Career Path: Showroom Sales Assistant > Showroom Sales Representative > Showroom Sales Manager 13 . knowledge of manufacturing and retail sectors of the fashion industry. excellent communication and presentation skills. good listener. Outlook: • Good to Excellent. advancement is a good possibility. Once they convince the Fashion Buyer to purchase the manufacturer's products. outgoing. 4.SHOWROOM SALES REPRESENTATIVES Also called: Showroom Salesperson.enthusiastic. 2. • Although a showroom sales rep is a fairly competitive position. college graduates with good communication skills and the right personality have a good chance of being hired. • With enough experience and some additional education or training. Showroom sales reps should expect to work additional long hours during the four to six market weeks or fashion weeks each year. where they meet with visiting Fashion Buyers and show the latest product line. Showroom Representative Job Description: 1. Personal Characteristics/Skills . friendly. they are responsible for accurately taking the Fashion Buyers order. They work at manufacturers and/or designers offices. They must then make sure that the right quantity of the right product reaches their customers' stores at the right time and in saleable condition. good organizational and computer skills. 3.
or product line. Product Managers are responsible for overseeing the conceptualization. extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends. selling and distribution of a manufacturer or designer's products. They are also responsible for overseeing the set-up and implementation of quality assurance protocols for their product. ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions. 3. This is a fairly senior position within a manufacturer's organization.highly analytical with strong math skills. Career Path: Market Analyst > Merchandiser > Product Manager > Director of Product Management 14 . Personal Characteristics/Skills . ability to work with other executives. usually starting at an analyst or assistant position. calm under pressure. decisive. design. Outlook: • Employment is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012. they can be promoted into an executive leadership position. well-organized.PRODUCT MANAGER Also called: Product Development Manager Job Description: 1. 4. • As product managers gain extensive experience and knowledge of the manufacturer's operations. Product Managers usually handle a specific product. construction. • Most aspiring product managers must work up to this senior level. 2. detail oriented.
designs. Apparel Patternmaker. good computer skills (specifically with CAD programs . yet the number of people entering the trade has declined. Because of their understanding of the technical aspect of a design. Clothing patternmakers make full-size paper or fiberboard patterns for clothing. Personal Characteristics/Skills . • As styles become more complicated. pattern makers are vital to the success of a design.great technical skills with an ability to use drafting tools (calipers. patternmakers often act as liaisons between the design and manufacturing groups.CLOTHING PATTERN MAKER Also called: Pattern Maker. 15 . Outlook: • Pattern makers are very important to designers and fashion houses. 3. detail oriented. Alternatively Patternmakers may be promoted into Manufacturing/Production Management positions. understanding of apparel manufacturing process. squares. 2. Career Path: Fabric Cutter/Grader > Patternmaker > Assistant Designer > Designer. manufacturers or as freelancers. straight and curved rules). and sketches. Fabric Patternmaker Job Description: 1. Patternmakers use their expertise in body proportions and knowledge of fabric to translate the designer's apparel sketches into its various pattern pieces. • There should be opportunities either working for designers. good communication skills. expertise with body proportions. ability to visualize the finished garment from a designers drawings.computer assisted drawing).
machinery. pattern grading is considered more of a technically oriented career than patternmaking or designing.PATTERN GRADER Also called: Grader Job Description: 1. ability to do precise manual work. • Pattern graders may work directly for design houses or manufacturers. analytical and problem-solving skills. technical expertise and experience. • With the right attitude. good drafting and math skills. or computer programs in their work. Outlook: • Opportunities for pattern graders are available.Understanding of apparel construction and manufacturing and patternmaking. ability to manage deadlines and multiple projects. Pattern graders are responsible for reducing or enlarging a pattern created by a patternmaker order to produce clothes across a range of sizes (S. etc) and fits (tall. but may also work for firms that specialize in pattern grading (such as an outsourcing provider). Pattern graders may use charts. L. especially through turnover or attrition. petite). Personal Characteristics/Skills . anyone starting as a pattern grader should have opportunities to progress on the road to becoming production managers. M. 2. Career Path: Pattern Grading Assistant > Pattern Grader > Patternmaker > Production Manager 16 . In general.
Fashion Marketing/Merchandising 17 .
The fashion merchandising field includes jobs in both retail and wholesale sales. they promote fashion with advertising and visual marketing campaigns.Fashion Marketing/Merchandising • They are responsible for identifying and creating fashion trends to sell the products created by fashion designers. 18 . Drawing on their knowledge of consumer psychology and trends.
men's suits or women's denim) 19 . and understanding of their target customers' desires to create an attractive selection of apparel for retail stores.g.FASHION BUYER Also called: Apparel Buyer. Buyers for larger department stores usually specialize in a specific line of clothes or accessories (e. Buyers often make their purchases of apparel and accessories from manufacturers. designers. Buyers must also be good at budgeting and planning inventory so that a good selection of clothing is always available for customers. knowledge of fashion trends. Fashion buyers use their sense of style. Buyer Job Description: 1. 2. present. or wholesalers for the retailers or departmental stores 1 or 2 seasons in advance.. 3. 4. and future fashion trends. so it is important for fashion buyers to be able to understand past.
• Advancement opportunities are good: Those who start at the assistant buyer level have a good chance of becoming full-fledged buyers within 3 to 5 years. but new positions become available as a result of internal promotions of experienced buyers. Career Path: Assistant Fashion Buyer > Fashion Buyer > Divisional Merchandise Manager 20 . • The overall number of fashion buyer positions available is expected to decrease. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Fashion buyers must be fashion-lovers with knowledge of fashion history and trends • good analytical skills • good negotiation abilities • flexible work attitude • excellent budgeting and planning skills • inventory management skills • ability to deal well with deadlines and stress.Outlook: • Good to Excellent.
6. 5. 3. Fashion coordinators then share their analyses with retail salespeople and/or editors to guide them in making customer recommendations. designs. suppliers. 2. Long hours and frequent travel are part of the job. Additional responsibilities of a fashion coordinator may include organizing fashion parades. 21 . and serving as a middleman with fabric mills. supervising fashion photography shoots for promotions. Fashion Coordinators are responsible for creating a unified look and feel across all fashion divisions of a department store. and textiles are according to plan. 4. or fashion magazine. design house. and they also share their analysis with buyers to guide them in making inventory purchases.CO-ORDINATOR Also called: Fashion Director Job Description: 1. Fashion directors need to assess the potential success of a garment or clothing line and determine the best plan for promotion and marketing. and wholesalers to ensure that things are on schedule and colors. They are constantly monitoring industry publications and talking to designers in order to understand industry trends and keep up with the latest in fabric and textile development.
and department stores.. cuts. and presentation skills. in-depth understanding of consumer behavior • an interest in artistic and creative pursuits.) • knowledge and understanding of fashion trends • a flair for style.g. colors. • There are only a limited number of Fashion Coordinator positions available since it is a high-level position. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • excellent understanding of fashion (e. judgment. • However. styles. these are available in areas like fashion magazines.Outlook: • Fair to Great. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Assistant Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Director 22 . etc. fabrics. great networking skills • great organizational skills • excellent communication. negotiation. design houses.
designers and merchandise markets. purchase. product development and sales. They may also be responsible for organizing and coordinating promotional activities like fashion shows. division or chain. Long hours and plenty of travel are often part of the job. Retail Merchandisers select. 2. Like Fashion Buyers. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Exceptional analytical skills. highly organized. 4. forecasting. strong time management skills. promote and sell clothing and accessories for a retail store. pricing.RETAIL MERCHANDISER Also called: Merchandise Manager. in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion marketplace. expertise in planning. Fashion Merchandiser Job Description: 1. manufacturers and products. competitors. designers. Career Path: Buyers > Associate Merchandising Manager > Merchandise Manager > General Merchandising Manager 23 . visit manufacturers. department. 5. great leadership and management skills. Merchandisers may also specialize in a specific line of clothing. They work with a team of buyers and managers to decide the most effective way to sell their products including advertising and display of merchandise & on how and where best to position and place merchandise. consumers. 6. They study fashion trends. 3. and make fashion forecasts basted on the information they collect. Outlook: Good to Excellent.
2. 6. and any other areas where the store's apparel and accessories are displayed. promotions.g. such as holidays (e. Visual Display Artists take into account current fashions and trends. Visual Display Designer Job Description: 1. designing. and implementing window and instore displays for both online and brick and mortar retail stores. Visual Merchandisers must combine their creativity and artistic flair with technical know-how to set up displays that maximize the space of the store while effectively catching the eye and appealing to the senses of their target customers. In addition to drawing on their knowledge of customer tendencies when designing their displays.. Christmas and Valentine's Day). promoted. tradeshow displays. 3. 5. and (3) guide their customers' browsing through merchandise placement and store layout to result in an eventual sale. 4.VISUAL MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandise Display Artist. Visual Merchandisers may provide input or oversee the design and layout of a store or department. or sold. 24 . fashion showrooms. Their mail goals are: (1) create and maintain an image for a department or store that resonates with their target customers. Visual Merchandisers are responsible for conceptualizing. In larger department stores or retail chains. Visual Merchandisers coordinate with the head office and other design teams (including buyers and sales staff) to ensure consistency with the corporate brand or image. (2) increase customer traffic in the store. and seasonal factors.
Visual Merchandiser jobs are projected to grow at a pace higher than the national average. props. etc) is helpful. • In the coming years. as well as knowledge of fashion and art/design industry trends and forecasts. setting up proper lighting. Technical and design expertise (e. skilled Visual Merchandisers have become more sought after. • Now that retailers have realized the positive impact that displays can have on their in. It is also important to have the ability to work well with others.store customer traffic and therefore their bottom lines. Career Path: Visual Merchandising Assistant > Visual Merchandiser > Visual Merchandising Coordinator > Visual Merchandising Director 25 . 2. Creativity is key with an above-average ability for artistic expression.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. building stet. • Experienced Visual Merchandisers who have a proven track record of creating great displays may have the option of joining or starting their own firms specializing in visual merchandising for retailers.g. or they may be promoted to managerial positions of greater responsibilities. Personal Characteristics and Skills: 1.
Retail store managers are very high-level employees who are responsible for overseeing all aspects of a store's operations.RETAIL STORE MANAGER Also called: Store Manager. evenings and holidays are often part of the job. They are ultimately responsible for the store's bottom line. 26 . and interpersonal skills to keep their stores profitable. store managers do or at least are involved in some manner in everything from approving visual displays and print or television advertisements. Department Store Manager Job Description: 1. business acumen. to hiring. training. Depending on the size of a store. 4. 3. 2. setting up pricing policies. ordering a store's merchandise inventory. and as such must have the right combination of fashion industry knowledge. firing and promoting employees. weekends. Working long hours.
Personal Characteristics/Skills – • interpersonal and management skills • highly organized • detail oriented yet constantly thinking of the big picture • good business skills particularly in marketing. Candidates with retail experience will have the the best opportunity for jobs as store managers. Job stability for Retail Store Managers is now more than ever determined by the store's ongoing profitability. accounting. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Associate Manager > Store Manager > Department Store Manager 27 . sales and management.Outlook: Employment for retail store managers / supervisors is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012. The growth of national chains has created more jobs at companies (instead of small retail stores) and thus created a career development path for many aspiring managers.
Successful boutique owners are very entrepreneurial-minded and driven people who use a combination of savvy business skills and in-depth knowledge of the fashion retail industry to make a profit. shoes. handbags.BOUTIQUE OWNER Also called: Specialty Store Owner. vintage. 28 . 4. dresses. beachwear. Their stores often target a specific customer profile and often carry a specific mix of clothing and/or apparel designers that appeal to this demographic. and more. 3. T-shirts. setting up the in-store displays and managing employees. Owner Job Description: 1. Boutique owners must be jacks of all trades as they typically oversee all aspects of a boutiques operations from planning and purchasing their inventory. novelty items. tuxedos. accessories. sunglasses. One could start a fashion boutique in one of the following areas: sportswear. lingerie. 2. watches.
excellent time management and communication skills. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • entrepreneurial and risk-taking personality • solid business background in fields such as Marketing. Accounting. sell franchises for subsequent locations. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Retail Manager > Boutique Owner 29 . • Setting up a boutique usually requires obtaining a bank loan or drawing from personal savings to cover initial investments.Outlook: • Being a small business owner is a dream for many people. owners can go on to open additional stores. • Once the store is profitable. and the value of being one's own boss cannot be underestimated. • Often. Sales and Management • in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion retail marketplace. or if they have created a strong enough brand. multi-tasking capabilities. including trends and forecasts • flexible. successful owners are those who can attract investors with a solid business plan and operational structure.
Fashion Media & Promotions 30 .
magazines. and stylists are often employed by catalogs and magazines.Fashion Media & Promotions • The fashion industry offers a number of opportunities for creative professionals who aren't attracted to the design side. 31 . and other media outlets to keep consumers up-to-date on style trends. web sites. • Fashion writers and editors are employed by newspapers. illustrators. • Fashion photographs.
fashion reporters must do thorough research and/or conduct interviews when preparing articles. 32 . Most draw upon their personal interest and incorporate their own personality into stories to make their pieces fun. and of course for television. models. Fashion Critic. 5. submitting articles on a freelance basis is often the preferred career direction... they are pitched to chief editors or other fashion media buyers like Vogue or Cosmo. but for those who specialize in areas like designer collection reviews. 4. The majority of the industry's fashion writers work within editorial departments of fashion design firms. editors. After developing these stories behind the scenes. 2.g. fashion / design websites or blogs. who together dig up their own stories e. 3. formal portraits of designers.FASHION WRITER Also called: Fashion Journalist. Talented fashion editors tend to partner with photographers. interesting and engaging to readers. Like all journalists. celebrities and others who make up fashion's inner circle. Fashion Reporter Job Description: 1. Fashion writers produce editorial copy for media outlets such as fashion magazines. newspapers.
designers.g. historical trends. Personal Characteristics . • A love of fashion and knowledge about the industry. Freelance fashion writers must have persistence and perseverance and be good at marketing their work Career Path: Editorial Assistant > Staff Fashion Writer > Fashion Editor 33 ..Good interpersonal communication skills are needed for interviews and dealing with editors. • The fashion writing industry can be extremely competitive. spelling and grammar). and superior research and fact-checking skills are essential. textiles.Outlook: • National employment demand for all fashion journalists and writers is expected to grow through 2014. attention to detail. • Two thirds of the nations working fashion editors will reside in either New York or California (US Dept of Labor). Skills – • Excellent English communication and writing skills (e. fabrics and business are also important.
Fashion stylists often scout locations. or wealthy clients as wardrobe consultants to help them prepare for major events or appearances. commercial. 3. layout. Many stylists also choose to run their own businesses. fashions. They coordinate colors and styles and ensure that all clothes are ready for the shoot. celebrities. create the mood for the shoot by selecting and setting up the appropriate props. and music production companies often employ fashion stylists. advertising agencies. 34 . retailers. 5. catalog publishers. and even models to fit the theme of the shoot.FASHION STYLIST Job Description: 1. television and film production houses. 2. which can include basic tasks such as steaming and ironing garments. Companies such as magazines. etc. accessories. music video. public relations firms. Stylists may also be employed by agents. Fashion stylists are responsible for bringing to life a photographer or director's vision for a fashion photo shoot. newspapers. print advertisement. 4.
Outlook: • Aspiring fashion stylists should expect to work their way to the top. budgets. stylists who maintain a good professional reputation can expect plenty of repeat business and often take advantage of this by setting up their own independent businesses. ability to market oneself • savvy business skills to deal with invoicing. Mischa Barton. clients usually hire stylists they have used in the past or those who have proven success in the business. Naomi Campbell Rachel Zoe: Celebrity clients include Nichole Richie. Lauren Hutton. Kelly Price 35 . bills. • In addition. trends and forecasts • technical know-how for setting up sets. • Once established. • The most successful fashion stylists have extensive networks of contacts within the fashion industry to get the job done quickly and on budget. Kylie Minogue. Personal Characteristics and Skills – • eye for style. creativity and resourcefulness • broad knowledge of fashion history. etc. Keira Knightly Wardrobe stylist for Madonna. good interpersonal and networking skills • persistence and self-motivation. Career Path: Intern/Stylist's Apprentice > Assistant Fashion Stylist > Staff Fashion Stylist Famous Fashion Stylists: Jeff Ihenando: Stylist for supermodels Kate Moss. Libery Ross.
radio and direct mail. Fashion Media Relations Specialist Job Description: 1. newspapers. Fashion Public Relations Specialists and Publicists help apparel companies and retail stores build and maintain a favorable public image. Because they do not pay for publicity or media coverage. PR specialists must maintain strong professional relationships with media personnel. 4. 3. Public Relations (PR) Specialists must find creative ways to keep the company's brand name in the public eye. 2. 36 . They are also responsible for interacting with media when questions or crises arise from outside sources.FASHION PUBLIC RELATIONS SPECIALIST Also called: Fashion Publicist. PR specialists select information that they want to share with the public and write up press releases or conduct press conferences to distribute the news through television. As such.
Outlook: • Good to Excellent. After 3-5 years of experience in the field. • In addition to working on staff for design houses and retailers. Career Path: Promotions Assistant > Public Relations Specialist > Public Relations Coordinator > Director of Public Relations 37 . PR specialists may also work at PR firms that handle work for a variety of clients. • The market for PR specialists focused solely on fashion is growing quickly. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Knowledge of journalistic basics including proper news release formats • excellent written and oral communication and presentation skills • good interpersonal skills. PR specialists often move into more senior PR Coordinator positions. good time management and multi-tasking skills • ability to maintain an even temperament under stress.
Paris. Fashion Producer Job Description: 1. specialty boutiques. they are responsible for deciding the creative influence and direction that their departments will pursue during a given season or issue. and vintage clothing stores 6. and so on.g. Some fashion editors choose to freelance.FASHION EDITOR Also called: Apparel Editor.. accessories. working on a per-contract basis and assuming all of the costs of the fashion shoot (e. Under guidance of the editor-in-chief. retail stores. 5. and Milan). Editors may specialize in apparel. beauty and make-up. 38 . both salaried and freelance editors should enjoy a fastpaced environment. newspaper sections. Editors occupy the mid to highest-level positions at publications 3. In addition. Accessories Editor. editors are often required to travel to keep up with the latest fashion trends through meetings with designers and visits to fashion shows throughout the world (e. New York. Fashion editors supervise the process of creating. websites. or television shows.. London. photo shoots. 2. clothing and accessories). Due to the deadline-driven nature of their work.g. 4. developing and presenting content for fashionspecific magazines.
excellent interpersonal and management skills • competitive spirit • ability to perform well under stress. entertainment and lifestyle magazines. • Once in the system. television shows. Career Path: Associate Editor > Editor > Senior Editor > Editor-in-Chief Famous Fashion Editor-in-Chiefs: Anna Wintour: Vogue Magazine Cindi Leive: Glamour Magazine Robbie Myers: Elle Magazine 39 . aspiring editors must be creative. websites. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Passion for fashion. etc. opportunities for advancement become more readily available. hard working and willing to start at the bottom and take opportunities as they arise. fashion sections of news. newspapers.Outlook: • Employment of editors and writers is expected to increase 10% to 20% between 2002 and 2012 • There are a variety of outlets in which prospective editors may seek employment including but not limited to: fashion magazines. broad knowledge of fashion industry trends and forecasts • excellent writing/journalistic talent with the ability to communicate effectively and clearly • great organization and planning skills. • Growth in any of these sectors means an increased demand for experienced writers and editors. • Because competition for these jobs is fierce.
brochures. particularly with CAD software. high level of creativity and artistic expression. Fashion illustrations are used in newspaper and magazine advertising layouts. or out of their own studio. and flyers. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent computer skills. Professional fashion artists may work on a freelance basis for an advertising agency. department store ads. or department store. ability for self-promotion. shoes. 2. • For example. television commercials. full-time jobs are often available with clothing catalog firms. Outlook: • Many of the jobs once performed exclusively by fashion illustrators are now also done by fashion photographers. manufacturer.FASHION IILUSTRATOR Also called: Fashion Artist Job Description: 1. Fashion illustrators conceptualize and create sketches and drawings of apparel. and accessories for fashion advertisements. and other media either by hand or use special computer software programs (e. films. basic business know-how. 3. catalogues..g. well-trained and skilled illustrators are sought by employers like pattern companies and fashion forecast firms. for whom photographs will not suffice. • In addition. there are still opportunities for fashion illustration and fashion artist jobs. direct mail catalogs. however. exceptional drawing skills. computer aided design/CAD). Career Path: Fashion Illustrator Freelance > Staff Fashion Illustrator 40 .
Career Path: Paste-up Artist > Graphic Designer > Art Director > Creative Director 41 . graphic design firm. for various fashion businesses. • Faster than average growth is projected for graphic designers in the coming years thanks to the growth of the Internet and the increase in competition among apparel designers and manufacturers. good computer skills. business acumen. • Those who fit the bill may progress to become art directors or creative directors. ability to tolerate criticism. creativity and imagination. they work on a team with the Art Director and Creative Director in order to conceptualize and create specific designs to be approved by their client.GRAPHIC DESIGNER Also called: Graphic Artist Job Description: 1. attention to detail. Graphic designers may work for an advertising agency. book covers. and turnover in top positions. and many other types of materials. 2. Outlook: • Good to Excellent. In large agencies. including business cards and stationary. Personal Characteristics/Skills . brochures. variety and length of experience. ability to collaborate other professionals. advertising. fashion magazine.Good sense of style. as a freelance designer. color and design. • Success for graphic designers is usually based on creativity and design sense. packaging. or may decide to open their own graphic design firm and hire other designers. or out of their own studio. Graphic Designers design and prepare camera-ready copy for any type of printed material.
and fashion houses to conceptualize. and print still photos and/or videos to show off clothes and accessories in a creative manner that catches the eye of consumers.FASHION PHOTOGRAPHER Also called: Photographer. Magazine Photographer Job Description: 1. Professional fashion photographers must have a good eye for style and beauty and be skilled at working with models to achieve & capture the best possible poses and photos. 3. Fashion photographers either freelance or are employed by catalogs. shoot. In addition to taking pictures. develop. 2. Web sites. Catalogue Photographer. magazines. photographers may also be responsible for scouting locations and hiring models and personnel for the photo shoot 42 .
solid interpersonal skills to communicate with models and convey your ideas. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Artistic and creative expression • thorough knowledge of the technical and aesthetic aspects of photography. Steven Meisel. and special characteristics of films and paper • good business and networking skills. increased use of the Internet may spur further growth in fashion photography. Career Path: Photographer's Assistant > Staff/Freelance Photographer > Photo Editor > Director of Photography Famous Fashion Photographers: Richard Avedon. lighting. ability to promote oneself • knowledge of trends in both photography and fashion industry. Michael Thompson. and those who can develop a solid portfolio (body of work) may attain full-time staff positions or set up their own studios and work with more exclusive or well-known fashion clients. Mario Testino. composition. • However. Patrick Demarchelier. Mario Sorrenti 43 . Helmut Newton. S • starting as an assistant or an apprentice is one way to get a foot in the door.Outlook: • Competition for jobs in magazine and commercial photography is stiff. • With experience comes more opportunity. as Web sites look to continuously refresh their content. and aspiring fashion photographers may outnumber the available assignments. including camera operations. darkroom procedures.
Other Fashion Careers 44 .
positions with high-end department stores and private clients • and modeling work .for everything from newspapers ads to strutting the catwalk in Milan or Paris 45 .for TV. film and theater productions • personal stylist .Other fashion career opportunities include --- • costume design .
costume designers must get a feel for the mood. time period and setting in which the action occurs. Costume Designers research and design for authentic period. They do research. They work primarily for motion pictures. and develop costume budgets for the entire production. country or social class costumes. create sketches of costumes. concerts and stage companies. television. With any given project.COSTUME DESIGNER Also called: Theatrical Designer Job Description: 1. A good costume designer plays a big part in character or time period to vivid life on stage or screen. 3. 46 . 2. 4.
University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer. • As demand for movies and theater grow and the productions themselves become increasingly rich in design and costume. demand for costume designers should follow. • Aspiring costume designers usually start as assistants . knowledge of fashion history and art history • as well as general world history • good research skills • technical skill in designing and dressmaking • ability to work and collaborate with other professionals • ability to handle stress from deadlines. and a little luck. this hard work should enable the designer to land a higher-paying job in the television and film industries. Broadway/OffBroadway Productions > Costume Designer. University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer. • With the right skills. Career Path: Design Assistant. perseverance.Outlook: • Employment opportunities for costume designers depends largely upon the Entertainment Industry. experience. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Creativity.often as unpaid volunteers in college productions. Television and Film 47 .
Personal stylists may often shop for their clients and pick out items that suit their image. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent fashion sense. Personal stylists work with individuals or companies to educate clients about general fashion apparel and accessories. 2. • Some lucky stylists work exclusively with high-profile celebrities in the sports and entertainment industries where a client's everyday look or image is often more important than how they look while they work. enjoy shopping. friendly and tactful. • Personal stylists may give classes for small groups or run seminars for a client company. Personal Shopper Job Description: 1.PERSONAL STYLIST Also called: Wardrobe Consultant. business savvy. ability to promote oneself. knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts. • With enough experience. good listener. 3. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Related Fashion Position > Personal Stylist 48 . and fashion style in order to make recommendations on which fashion choices will help the client achieve and maintain their desired image. lifestyle. personal shoppers and merchandise buyers can gain credentials to work as independent consultants. great presentation and oral communication skills. good networking skills. Consultants make an evaluation of their clients' physical attributes. Outlook: • Aspiring stylists should first get some experience in fashion retail positions.
Models work with clothing. many people aspire to become models and the competition is healthy. Personal Characteristics/Skills photogenic and physically attractive with height. formal fashion show procedures and the use of cosmetics. • Yet. Others work in fashion show modeling. persuading people to buy the products they advertise. • Like most glamorous and high status careers. excellent fashion style. good people skills. and Laetitia Casta. those who succeed often segue into careers in fashion and entertainment.FASHION MODEL Also called: Fashion Model. Runway Model. Cindy Crawford. Others work mainly pose for still photographs used in print ads. make-up. custom salons or specialty stores. Karolina Kurkova. self-discipline. which is more theatrical. retail stores. brochures and catalogs. Models try to convey an idea by their appearance. familiarity with different modeling techniques. Career Path: Print Model > Runway Model > Supermodel 49 . and costume accessories in a variety of poses and settings. Heidi Klum. weight and body measurements falling within certain industry standards. Outlook: • Demand for both male models and models who are representative of diverse racial and ethnic groups should rise higher than average for all models. Naomi Campbell. 2. Christie Brinkley. Tyra Banks. Famous Supermodels: Kate Moss. Print Model Job Description: 1. Adriana Lima. They may model in showrooms. 3. a positive attitude.
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