Fashion Careers

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• Fashion Design Production Fashion Designer • Fashion Accessory Designer Marketing/Merchandising Fashion Merchandiser Fashion Buyer Fashion Sales Rep Fashion Coordinator Showroom Sales Rep Retail Merchandiser Product Manager Clothing Patternmaker Visual Merchandiser Retail Store Manager Pattern Grader Boutique Owner

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• Fashion Media & Promotions Fashion Writer Fashion Stylist Fashion PR Specialist Fashion Editor Fashion Illustrator Graphic Designer Fashion Photographer

• Other Fashion Careers Costume Designer Personal Stylist Model

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Fashion Design Production
• Fashion and accessory designers use their knowledge of design principles, techniques, and tools to create sketches and models of original garments, shoes, handbags and other fashion accessories. • They often specialize in a particular facet of clothing design, such as men's, women's, children's wear, or lingerie. • While some fashion designers control the entire design and marketing process, others use the services of patternmakers to create original textiles and trimmings, production managers to oversee the actual creation of the fashion line, and fashion merchandisers to introduce and establish the designs in the fashion marketplace.
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and individual clients. and promote a finished. and fashion studios. maternity. especially when deadlines approach for launches. an example being tailors who produce custom designs for weddings and other special events. maternity clothes. In larger fashion houses. shows. or individual jobs. They analyze fashion trends and work closely with production. produce. 4. marketing. Fashion design is a demanding and unpredictable job with long hours. 5. 6. Fashion designers conceptualize and create new clothing. 2. kids. haute couturiers. 7. and sales departments to design. 3. Apparel Designer Job Description: 1. such as tshirts. sportswear etc. individual designers may work in very specialized areas. specialty and retail stores.FASHION DESIGNER Alternate Titles: Clothes Designer. men. evening dresses. baby outfits. textile and apparel manufacturers. Fashion designers usually specialize in a specific line of clothing such as women. More experienced designers may be required to travel to promote their fashion lines. or denims. Potential employers include retailers. 5 . ready-to-wear product for apparel manufacturers. bridal.

which creates more overall demand for clothing and accessories. shape. Career Path: Design Assistant > Assistant Designer > Associate Designer > Fashion Director • • • • • • • 6 .Outlook: • • Demand for fashion designers will remain strong as consumers constantly seek new styles and fashion. and the population is growing. and color above-average ability for sewing skills. drawing and sketching skills computer skills (especially with the use of CAD . Expect long hours in the beginning and be prepared for seasonal slowdowns. Personal Characteristics and Skillsability to discriminate between colors and judge fabric quality & a good eye for style.computer assisted design) knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts knowledge of manufacturing and production process ability to deal with ambiguity and rejection and to handle stress due to deadlines good business and marketing skills.

Handbag Designer. 7 . handbags. Shoe Designer. women. gloves. 2. kids. be it men.ACCESSORY DESIGNER Also called: Jewelry Designer. in order to react to create pieces that complement the new hot styles in the market. brides. belts. Accessory designers must always stay in touch not only with trends in their own specialties. but also within apparel and fabric markets. to go with clothing. moms. ties. as well as the customers for whom they design these accessories. etc. shoes. 3. and so on. etc. Accessory designers usually specialize in a specific line of accessories. hats. Job Description: 1. Accessory designers conceptualize and create designs for jewelry.

so most accessory designers work independently. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • above average ability for creative expression • technical skill in working with materials required for the chosen specialty (such as metal and semi-precious stones for jewelry designers. etc) • persistence and determination. Few staff positions are available. drawing and sketching skills • knowledge of and ability to react to current fashion trends • knowledge of manufacturing and production process • ability to keep production within a tight budget.Outlook: • • Accessory design is a highly competitive field that requires a lot of selfmotivation. ability to work independently. handle stress due to deadlines Career Path: Design Assistant/ Freelance Accessory Designer > Associate Staff Accessory Designer > Accessory Designs Director 8 .

3.FASHION MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandiser. A fashion merchandiser needs to be one of the first in the industry to spot the trend. and have large personnel management responsibilities. 2. Fashion merchandising professionals on the retail side are responsible for determining store inventory and to price clothes (MPR) 4. They may also be responsible for tracking profits and losses. and previous sales numbers to determine the product direction that the manufacturers will take each season. 5. Fashion merchandisers on the apparel production side track and analyze market trends. 9 . production costs. Merchandisers are some of the most powerful employees within an apparel company. Apparel Merchandiser Job Description: 1.

• ability to work with other executives. there are a number of merchandiser positions open • Those who have the business acumen and good fashion judgment to achieve and maintain profitability in their sector could advance high up the executive ladder. calm under pressure. Career Path: Fashion Buyer > Merchandising Assistant > Merchandiser > Merchandising Director 10 .Outlook: • Every apparel maker needs at least one fashion merchandiser. detail oriented. Personal Characteristics and Skills – • extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends • highly analytical with strong math skills • ability to predict and create fashion trends • ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions. well-organized. decisive. As a result.

and catalogs of their manufacturer's product line. 5. Fashion Sales Representatives sell a manufacturer's garments and accessories to Fashion Buyers from wholesale and retail stores. Apparel Sales Representative Job Description: 1. 4. sometimes internationally. They show samples. This is a position that requires a good deal of travel. 11 .FASHION SALES REPRESENTATIVE Also called: Manufacturer's Representative. assist in solving problems the customer may have with the product. 3. and must be able to answer any questions regarding the products. They listen to their customers concerns about the product. illustrations. 2. and even help the customer sell more of the product by arranging special events like trunk shows and in-store fashion shows featuring their products. Sales representatives usually solicit orders from new and prospective customers within a designated geographical area.

Outlook: • Good to Excellent. Career Path: Showroom Sales Representative/Assistant > Sales Representative > Sales Manager > Regional Sales Manager > National Sales Manager > VP Sales 12 .both written and oral • establish good relationships with customers • self-motivated with good follow-through skills • ability to deal with rejection and remain upbeat • knowledge of fashion industry trends and manufacturer's competitors. • Higher than average growth within the US is projected in this sector. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • highly competitive • belief in the product and ability to maintain enthusiasm for it • excellent communication skills . • Often the key to getting a job is the willingness and flexibility to travel to remote locations. with additional positions available overseas.

Showroom sales reps should expect to work additional long hours during the four to six market weeks or fashion weeks each year. excellent communication and presentation skills. Showroom Representative Job Description: 1. outgoing. 2. good listener. They must then make sure that the right quantity of the right product reaches their customers' stores at the right time and in saleable condition. 3.enthusiastic. good organizational and computer skills. Personal Characteristics/Skills . college graduates with good communication skills and the right personality have a good chance of being hired. 4.SHOWROOM SALES REPRESENTATIVES Also called: Showroom Salesperson. knowledge of manufacturing and retail sectors of the fashion industry. friendly. Once they convince the Fashion Buyer to purchase the manufacturer's products. they are responsible for accurately taking the Fashion Buyers order. • With enough experience and some additional education or training. Outlook: • Good to Excellent. advancement is a good possibility. • Although a showroom sales rep is a fairly competitive position. where they meet with visiting Fashion Buyers and show the latest product line. They work at manufacturers and/or designers offices. Career Path: Showroom Sales Assistant > Showroom Sales Representative > Showroom Sales Manager 13 .

Product Managers are responsible for overseeing the conceptualization. Product Managers usually handle a specific product. Personal Characteristics/Skills . they can be promoted into an executive leadership position.highly analytical with strong math skills. They are also responsible for overseeing the set-up and implementation of quality assurance protocols for their product. ability to work with other executives. usually starting at an analyst or assistant position.PRODUCT MANAGER Also called: Product Development Manager Job Description: 1. 2. • As product managers gain extensive experience and knowledge of the manufacturer's operations. 3. or product line. 4. calm under pressure. detail oriented. construction. Outlook: • Employment is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012. ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions. design. well-organized. selling and distribution of a manufacturer or designer's products. This is a fairly senior position within a manufacturer's organization. • Most aspiring product managers must work up to this senior level. decisive. extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends. Career Path: Market Analyst > Merchandiser > Product Manager > Director of Product Management 14 .

Clothing patternmakers make full-size paper or fiberboard patterns for clothing. and sketches. patternmakers often act as liaisons between the design and manufacturing groups. good communication skills. expertise with body proportions. Because of their understanding of the technical aspect of a design. pattern makers are vital to the success of a design. ability to visualize the finished garment from a designers drawings. Patternmakers use their expertise in body proportions and knowledge of fabric to translate the designer's apparel sketches into its various pattern pieces. 3. Fabric Patternmaker Job Description: 1. designs. 2. Career Path: Fabric Cutter/Grader > Patternmaker > Assistant Designer > Designer. Personal Characteristics/Skills . good computer skills (specifically with CAD programs . squares. straight and curved rules). Apparel Patternmaker. understanding of apparel manufacturing process. Outlook: • Pattern makers are very important to designers and fashion houses. manufacturers or as freelancers.great technical skills with an ability to use drafting tools (calipers. 15 . detail oriented. • As styles become more complicated.computer assisted drawing). Alternatively Patternmakers may be promoted into Manufacturing/Production Management positions. • There should be opportunities either working for designers. yet the number of people entering the trade has declined.CLOTHING PATTERN MAKER Also called: Pattern Maker.

Pattern graders may use charts. 2. machinery. especially through turnover or attrition. L. ability to do precise manual work. Outlook: • Opportunities for pattern graders are available. In general. but may also work for firms that specialize in pattern grading (such as an outsourcing provider). good drafting and math skills. technical expertise and experience. pattern grading is considered more of a technically oriented career than patternmaking or designing. M. ability to manage deadlines and multiple projects. Personal Characteristics/Skills . petite). • With the right attitude. etc) and fits (tall. • Pattern graders may work directly for design houses or manufacturers. analytical and problem-solving skills. Career Path: Pattern Grading Assistant > Pattern Grader > Patternmaker > Production Manager 16 .Understanding of apparel construction and manufacturing and patternmaking. Pattern graders are responsible for reducing or enlarging a pattern created by a patternmaker order to produce clothes across a range of sizes (S. or computer programs in their work. anyone starting as a pattern grader should have opportunities to progress on the road to becoming production managers.PATTERN GRADER Also called: Grader Job Description: 1.

Fashion Marketing/Merchandising 17 .

The fashion merchandising field includes jobs in both retail and wholesale sales. they promote fashion with advertising and visual marketing campaigns. 18 . Drawing on their knowledge of consumer psychology and trends.Fashion Marketing/Merchandising • They are responsible for identifying and creating fashion trends to sell the products created by fashion designers.

FASHION BUYER Also called: Apparel Buyer. Buyers must also be good at budgeting and planning inventory so that a good selection of clothing is always available for customers. knowledge of fashion trends. or wholesalers for the retailers or departmental stores 1 or 2 seasons in advance. and understanding of their target customers' desires to create an attractive selection of apparel for retail stores. Buyers for larger department stores usually specialize in a specific line of clothes or accessories (e. Buyer Job Description: 1.. 2. 3. so it is important for fashion buyers to be able to understand past. Fashion buyers use their sense of style. present. 4. Buyers often make their purchases of apparel and accessories from manufacturers.g. designers. men's suits or women's denim) 19 . and future fashion trends.

Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Fashion buyers must be fashion-lovers with knowledge of fashion history and trends • good analytical skills • good negotiation abilities • flexible work attitude • excellent budgeting and planning skills • inventory management skills • ability to deal well with deadlines and stress.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. • Advancement opportunities are good: Those who start at the assistant buyer level have a good chance of becoming full-fledged buyers within 3 to 5 years. but new positions become available as a result of internal promotions of experienced buyers. Career Path: Assistant Fashion Buyer > Fashion Buyer > Divisional Merchandise Manager 20 . • The overall number of fashion buyer positions available is expected to decrease.

Additional responsibilities of a fashion coordinator may include organizing fashion parades. supervising fashion photography shoots for promotions. Long hours and frequent travel are part of the job. suppliers. design house. and textiles are according to plan. 6. Fashion Coordinators are responsible for creating a unified look and feel across all fashion divisions of a department store. 4. and they also share their analysis with buyers to guide them in making inventory purchases. 2. Fashion coordinators then share their analyses with retail salespeople and/or editors to guide them in making customer recommendations. 3. or fashion magazine. 5. Fashion directors need to assess the potential success of a garment or clothing line and determine the best plan for promotion and marketing. They are constantly monitoring industry publications and talking to designers in order to understand industry trends and keep up with the latest in fabric and textile development. and serving as a middleman with fabric mills. designs.CO-ORDINATOR Also called: Fashion Director Job Description: 1. and wholesalers to ensure that things are on schedule and colors. 21 .

cuts. • However. design houses. judgment. great networking skills • great organizational skills • excellent communication. and department stores. in-depth understanding of consumer behavior • an interest in artistic and creative pursuits. • There are only a limited number of Fashion Coordinator positions available since it is a high-level position.) • knowledge and understanding of fashion trends • a flair for style. these are available in areas like fashion magazines. colors. negotiation. and presentation skills.Outlook: • Fair to Great. styles. fabrics.g. etc. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • excellent understanding of fashion (e. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Assistant Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Director 22 ..

Long hours and plenty of travel are often part of the job. They work with a team of buyers and managers to decide the most effective way to sell their products including advertising and display of merchandise & on how and where best to position and place merchandise. Merchandisers may also specialize in a specific line of clothing. Outlook: Good to Excellent. consumers. promote and sell clothing and accessories for a retail store. designers. department. highly organized. 5. They study fashion trends. 3. Retail Merchandisers select. great leadership and management skills. 2. in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion marketplace. Like Fashion Buyers.RETAIL MERCHANDISER Also called: Merchandise Manager. competitors. Fashion Merchandiser Job Description: 1. manufacturers and products. 6. division or chain. and make fashion forecasts basted on the information they collect. 4. expertise in planning. Career Path: Buyers > Associate Merchandising Manager > Merchandise Manager > General Merchandising Manager 23 . visit manufacturers. pricing. forecasting. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Exceptional analytical skills. They may also be responsible for organizing and coordinating promotional activities like fashion shows. purchase. strong time management skills. designers and merchandise markets. product development and sales.

Visual Display Artists take into account current fashions and trends. Visual Merchandisers are responsible for conceptualizing. and seasonal factors. (2) increase customer traffic in the store. 2. tradeshow displays. Visual Merchandisers may provide input or oversee the design and layout of a store or department. 6. designing. In addition to drawing on their knowledge of customer tendencies when designing their displays.VISUAL MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandise Display Artist. fashion showrooms. Visual Merchandisers coordinate with the head office and other design teams (including buyers and sales staff) to ensure consistency with the corporate brand or image. 3. Their mail goals are: (1) create and maintain an image for a department or store that resonates with their target customers. Christmas and Valentine's Day). promotions. and any other areas where the store's apparel and accessories are displayed. 4. and (3) guide their customers' browsing through merchandise placement and store layout to result in an eventual sale.. and implementing window and instore displays for both online and brick and mortar retail stores. Visual Merchandisers must combine their creativity and artistic flair with technical know-how to set up displays that maximize the space of the store while effectively catching the eye and appealing to the senses of their target customers. 24 . or sold. such as holidays (e. Visual Display Designer Job Description: 1. promoted. In larger department stores or retail chains.g. 5.

props. Creativity is key with an above-average ability for artistic expression. Personal Characteristics and Skills: 1.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. setting up proper lighting.store customer traffic and therefore their bottom lines.g. • In the coming years. • Now that retailers have realized the positive impact that displays can have on their in. skilled Visual Merchandisers have become more sought after. or they may be promoted to managerial positions of greater responsibilities. building stet. It is also important to have the ability to work well with others. Career Path: Visual Merchandising Assistant > Visual Merchandiser > Visual Merchandising Coordinator > Visual Merchandising Director 25 . Technical and design expertise (e. • Experienced Visual Merchandisers who have a proven track record of creating great displays may have the option of joining or starting their own firms specializing in visual merchandising for retailers. 2. Visual Merchandiser jobs are projected to grow at a pace higher than the national average. etc) is helpful. as well as knowledge of fashion and art/design industry trends and forecasts.

firing and promoting employees. Retail store managers are very high-level employees who are responsible for overseeing all aspects of a store's operations.RETAIL STORE MANAGER Also called: Store Manager. ordering a store's merchandise inventory. 3. and interpersonal skills to keep their stores profitable. training. Department Store Manager Job Description: 1. Working long hours. weekends. and as such must have the right combination of fashion industry knowledge. 26 . 2. They are ultimately responsible for the store's bottom line. business acumen. 4. Depending on the size of a store. evenings and holidays are often part of the job. store managers do or at least are involved in some manner in everything from approving visual displays and print or television advertisements. to hiring. setting up pricing policies.

The growth of national chains has created more jobs at companies (instead of small retail stores) and thus created a career development path for many aspiring managers. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • interpersonal and management skills • highly organized • detail oriented yet constantly thinking of the big picture • good business skills particularly in marketing. Job stability for Retail Store Managers is now more than ever determined by the store's ongoing profitability. Candidates with retail experience will have the the best opportunity for jobs as store managers. accounting.Outlook: Employment for retail store managers / supervisors is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012. sales and management. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Associate Manager > Store Manager > Department Store Manager 27 .

Owner Job Description: 1. Boutique owners must be jacks of all trades as they typically oversee all aspects of a boutiques operations from planning and purchasing their inventory. vintage.BOUTIQUE OWNER Also called: Specialty Store Owner. sunglasses. handbags. 28 . dresses. lingerie. One could start a fashion boutique in one of the following areas: sportswear. watches. 4. 3. setting up the in-store displays and managing employees. beachwear. T-shirts. Successful boutique owners are very entrepreneurial-minded and driven people who use a combination of savvy business skills and in-depth knowledge of the fashion retail industry to make a profit. accessories. Their stores often target a specific customer profile and often carry a specific mix of clothing and/or apparel designers that appeal to this demographic. shoes. novelty items. 2. and more. tuxedos.

owners can go on to open additional stores. sell franchises for subsequent locations.Outlook: • Being a small business owner is a dream for many people. Accounting. Sales and Management • in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion retail marketplace. • Setting up a boutique usually requires obtaining a bank loan or drawing from personal savings to cover initial investments. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • entrepreneurial and risk-taking personality • solid business background in fields such as Marketing. excellent time management and communication skills. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Retail Manager > Boutique Owner 29 . multi-tasking capabilities. successful owners are those who can attract investors with a solid business plan and operational structure. • Once the store is profitable. including trends and forecasts • flexible. and the value of being one's own boss cannot be underestimated. or if they have created a strong enough brand. • Often.

Fashion Media & Promotions 30 .

and other media outlets to keep consumers up-to-date on style trends. magazines. and stylists are often employed by catalogs and magazines. web sites. 31 . • Fashion photographs.Fashion Media & Promotions • The fashion industry offers a number of opportunities for creative professionals who aren't attracted to the design side. • Fashion writers and editors are employed by newspapers. illustrators.

fashion reporters must do thorough research and/or conduct interviews when preparing articles. Fashion Reporter Job Description: 1. editors.FASHION WRITER Also called: Fashion Journalist. but for those who specialize in areas like designer collection reviews. 2. they are pitched to chief editors or other fashion media buyers like Vogue or Cosmo. 32 . The majority of the industry's fashion writers work within editorial departments of fashion design firms. Most draw upon their personal interest and incorporate their own personality into stories to make their pieces fun. 3. Like all journalists. who together dig up their own stories e. submitting articles on a freelance basis is often the preferred career direction. formal portraits of designers. 5. fashion / design websites or blogs... Talented fashion editors tend to partner with photographers. After developing these stories behind the scenes. and of course for television. Fashion Critic. newspapers. celebrities and others who make up fashion's inner circle. interesting and engaging to readers. 4.g. Fashion writers produce editorial copy for media outlets such as fashion magazines. models.

Freelance fashion writers must have persistence and perseverance and be good at marketing their work Career Path: Editorial Assistant > Staff Fashion Writer > Fashion Editor 33 .Outlook: • National employment demand for all fashion journalists and writers is expected to grow through 2014. attention to detail. • The fashion writing industry can be extremely competitive. fabrics and business are also important. historical trends. • A love of fashion and knowledge about the industry. • Two thirds of the nations working fashion editors will reside in either New York or California (US Dept of Labor). designers. Personal Characteristics . Skills – • Excellent English communication and writing skills (e.g. spelling and grammar). textiles.. and superior research and fact-checking skills are essential.Good interpersonal communication skills are needed for interviews and dealing with editors.

fashions. layout. advertising agencies.FASHION STYLIST Job Description: 1. Stylists may also be employed by agents. Fashion stylists are responsible for bringing to life a photographer or director's vision for a fashion photo shoot. print advertisement. 4. etc. music video. 5. 2. They coordinate colors and styles and ensure that all clothes are ready for the shoot. Fashion stylists often scout locations. 3. newspapers. Companies such as magazines. catalog publishers. retailers. celebrities. and even models to fit the theme of the shoot. Many stylists also choose to run their own businesses. public relations firms. commercial. create the mood for the shoot by selecting and setting up the appropriate props. and music production companies often employ fashion stylists. accessories. television and film production houses. or wealthy clients as wardrobe consultants to help them prepare for major events or appearances. 34 . which can include basic tasks such as steaming and ironing garments.

Career Path: Intern/Stylist's Apprentice > Assistant Fashion Stylist > Staff Fashion Stylist Famous Fashion Stylists: Jeff Ihenando: Stylist for supermodels Kate Moss. good interpersonal and networking skills • persistence and self-motivation. Kelly Price 35 . Libery Ross. Mischa Barton. • Once established. trends and forecasts • technical know-how for setting up sets. etc. bills. ability to market oneself • savvy business skills to deal with invoicing. budgets. creativity and resourcefulness • broad knowledge of fashion history. Keira Knightly Wardrobe stylist for Madonna. Lauren Hutton.Outlook: • Aspiring fashion stylists should expect to work their way to the top. stylists who maintain a good professional reputation can expect plenty of repeat business and often take advantage of this by setting up their own independent businesses. Personal Characteristics and Skills – • eye for style. Naomi Campbell Rachel Zoe: Celebrity clients include Nichole Richie. Kylie Minogue. • The most successful fashion stylists have extensive networks of contacts within the fashion industry to get the job done quickly and on budget. clients usually hire stylists they have used in the past or those who have proven success in the business. • In addition.

FASHION PUBLIC RELATIONS SPECIALIST Also called: Fashion Publicist. radio and direct mail. Because they do not pay for publicity or media coverage. As such. 36 . 4. Fashion Media Relations Specialist Job Description: 1. newspapers. PR specialists must maintain strong professional relationships with media personnel. Fashion Public Relations Specialists and Publicists help apparel companies and retail stores build and maintain a favorable public image. 2. PR specialists select information that they want to share with the public and write up press releases or conduct press conferences to distribute the news through television. 3. They are also responsible for interacting with media when questions or crises arise from outside sources. Public Relations (PR) Specialists must find creative ways to keep the company's brand name in the public eye.

Career Path: Promotions Assistant > Public Relations Specialist > Public Relations Coordinator > Director of Public Relations 37 . PR specialists often move into more senior PR Coordinator positions. • The market for PR specialists focused solely on fashion is growing quickly.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. PR specialists may also work at PR firms that handle work for a variety of clients. good time management and multi-tasking skills • ability to maintain an even temperament under stress. • In addition to working on staff for design houses and retailers. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Knowledge of journalistic basics including proper news release formats • excellent written and oral communication and presentation skills • good interpersonal skills. After 3-5 years of experience in the field.

both salaried and freelance editors should enjoy a fastpaced environment. working on a per-contract basis and assuming all of the costs of the fashion shoot (e. photo shoots.g. editors are often required to travel to keep up with the latest fashion trends through meetings with designers and visits to fashion shows throughout the world (e. and so on. Paris. and vintage clothing stores 6. 38 . In addition. or television shows. and Milan). Fashion editors supervise the process of creating.. Due to the deadline-driven nature of their work. Accessories Editor. New York.g. websites. retail stores. specialty boutiques. clothing and accessories). 2. 5. beauty and make-up. newspaper sections. developing and presenting content for fashionspecific magazines.FASHION EDITOR Also called: Apparel Editor. Editors may specialize in apparel. Under guidance of the editor-in-chief. Fashion Producer Job Description: 1. 4. Some fashion editors choose to freelance. accessories.. Editors occupy the mid to highest-level positions at publications 3. they are responsible for deciding the creative influence and direction that their departments will pursue during a given season or issue. London.

television shows. opportunities for advancement become more readily available. etc. fashion sections of news. entertainment and lifestyle magazines. websites. • Growth in any of these sectors means an increased demand for experienced writers and editors. hard working and willing to start at the bottom and take opportunities as they arise. aspiring editors must be creative. • Once in the system. broad knowledge of fashion industry trends and forecasts • excellent writing/journalistic talent with the ability to communicate effectively and clearly • great organization and planning skills. Career Path: Associate Editor > Editor > Senior Editor > Editor-in-Chief Famous Fashion Editor-in-Chiefs: Anna Wintour: Vogue Magazine Cindi Leive: Glamour Magazine Robbie Myers: Elle Magazine 39 . excellent interpersonal and management skills • competitive spirit • ability to perform well under stress. newspapers.Outlook: • Employment of editors and writers is expected to increase 10% to 20% between 2002 and 2012 • There are a variety of outlets in which prospective editors may seek employment including but not limited to: fashion magazines. • Because competition for these jobs is fierce. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Passion for fashion.

and other media either by hand or use special computer software programs (e.g. and accessories for fashion advertisements. and flyers. Fashion illustrations are used in newspaper and magazine advertising layouts. • In addition. high level of creativity and artistic expression.FASHION IILUSTRATOR Also called: Fashion Artist Job Description: 1. or out of their own studio. department store ads. brochures. Outlook: • Many of the jobs once performed exclusively by fashion illustrators are now also done by fashion photographers. basic business know-how. full-time jobs are often available with clothing catalog firms. Career Path: Fashion Illustrator Freelance > Staff Fashion Illustrator 40 . particularly with CAD software. television commercials. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent computer skills. 2. manufacturer. for whom photographs will not suffice. exceptional drawing skills. however. films.. shoes. Fashion illustrators conceptualize and create sketches and drawings of apparel. ability for self-promotion. Professional fashion artists may work on a freelance basis for an advertising agency. well-trained and skilled illustrators are sought by employers like pattern companies and fashion forecast firms. there are still opportunities for fashion illustration and fashion artist jobs. • For example. computer aided design/CAD). 3. catalogues. direct mail catalogs. or department store.

ability to tolerate criticism. including business cards and stationary. Graphic designers may work for an advertising agency. for various fashion businesses. book covers. or out of their own studio. advertising. and many other types of materials. 2. Personal Characteristics/Skills . variety and length of experience. and turnover in top positions. Graphic Designers design and prepare camera-ready copy for any type of printed material. color and design. packaging. • Faster than average growth is projected for graphic designers in the coming years thanks to the growth of the Internet and the increase in competition among apparel designers and manufacturers. ability to collaborate other professionals. or may decide to open their own graphic design firm and hire other designers.Good sense of style. attention to detail. Career Path: Paste-up Artist > Graphic Designer > Art Director > Creative Director 41 . fashion magazine. they work on a team with the Art Director and Creative Director in order to conceptualize and create specific designs to be approved by their client. business acumen. good computer skills. brochures. as a freelance designer. creativity and imagination. • Those who fit the bill may progress to become art directors or creative directors. graphic design firm. • Success for graphic designers is usually based on creativity and design sense. Outlook: • Good to Excellent. In large agencies.GRAPHIC DESIGNER Also called: Graphic Artist Job Description: 1.

Fashion photographers either freelance or are employed by catalogs. Web sites. Catalogue Photographer. In addition to taking pictures. Professional fashion photographers must have a good eye for style and beauty and be skilled at working with models to achieve & capture the best possible poses and photos. 3. 2. photographers may also be responsible for scouting locations and hiring models and personnel for the photo shoot 42 . Magazine Photographer Job Description: 1. magazines. and fashion houses to conceptualize. and print still photos and/or videos to show off clothes and accessories in a creative manner that catches the eye of consumers. develop.FASHION PHOTOGRAPHER Also called: Photographer. shoot.

Mario Sorrenti 43 . composition. Mario Testino. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Artistic and creative expression • thorough knowledge of the technical and aesthetic aspects of photography. Helmut Newton. including camera operations. Steven Meisel. Career Path: Photographer's Assistant > Staff/Freelance Photographer > Photo Editor > Director of Photography Famous Fashion Photographers: Richard Avedon. S • starting as an assistant or an apprentice is one way to get a foot in the door. and special characteristics of films and paper • good business and networking skills. darkroom procedures.Outlook: • Competition for jobs in magazine and commercial photography is stiff. solid interpersonal skills to communicate with models and convey your ideas. ability to promote oneself • knowledge of trends in both photography and fashion industry. • However. and those who can develop a solid portfolio (body of work) may attain full-time staff positions or set up their own studios and work with more exclusive or well-known fashion clients. Patrick Demarchelier. Michael Thompson. increased use of the Internet may spur further growth in fashion photography. • With experience comes more opportunity. and aspiring fashion photographers may outnumber the available assignments. lighting. as Web sites look to continuously refresh their content.

Other Fashion Careers 44 .

film and theater productions • personal stylist .for everything from newspapers ads to strutting the catwalk in Milan or Paris 45 .positions with high-end department stores and private clients • and modeling work .for TV.Other fashion career opportunities include --- • costume design .

4. Costume Designers research and design for authentic period. create sketches of costumes. costume designers must get a feel for the mood. and develop costume budgets for the entire production. time period and setting in which the action occurs. A good costume designer plays a big part in character or time period to vivid life on stage or screen. They do research. concerts and stage companies. country or social class costumes. With any given project.COSTUME DESIGNER Also called: Theatrical Designer Job Description: 1. 46 . 3. They work primarily for motion pictures. television. 2.

often as unpaid volunteers in college productions. • Aspiring costume designers usually start as assistants . Television and Film 47 . Broadway/OffBroadway Productions > Costume Designer.Outlook: • Employment opportunities for costume designers depends largely upon the Entertainment Industry. • As demand for movies and theater grow and the productions themselves become increasingly rich in design and costume. demand for costume designers should follow. University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer. • With the right skills. Career Path: Design Assistant. University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer. knowledge of fashion history and art history • as well as general world history • good research skills • technical skill in designing and dressmaking • ability to work and collaborate with other professionals • ability to handle stress from deadlines. this hard work should enable the designer to land a higher-paying job in the television and film industries. experience. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Creativity. perseverance. and a little luck.

3. great presentation and oral communication skills. • Some lucky stylists work exclusively with high-profile celebrities in the sports and entertainment industries where a client's everyday look or image is often more important than how they look while they work. personal shoppers and merchandise buyers can gain credentials to work as independent consultants. Outlook: • Aspiring stylists should first get some experience in fashion retail positions. 2. good listener. good networking skills. Personal stylists may often shop for their clients and pick out items that suit their image. • With enough experience. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Related Fashion Position > Personal Stylist 48 .PERSONAL STYLIST Also called: Wardrobe Consultant. friendly and tactful. Consultants make an evaluation of their clients' physical attributes. lifestyle. Personal Shopper Job Description: 1. ability to promote oneself. business savvy. and fashion style in order to make recommendations on which fashion choices will help the client achieve and maintain their desired image. Personal stylists work with individuals or companies to educate clients about general fashion apparel and accessories. • Personal stylists may give classes for small groups or run seminars for a client company. knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts. enjoy shopping. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent fashion sense.

familiarity with different modeling techniques. retail stores. Famous Supermodels: Kate Moss. Runway Model. those who succeed often segue into careers in fashion and entertainment. Karolina Kurkova. self-discipline. They may model in showrooms. weight and body measurements falling within certain industry standards. • Yet. many people aspire to become models and the competition is healthy. persuading people to buy the products they advertise. good people skills. Print Model Job Description: 1. Adriana Lima. 3. Cindy Crawford. and Laetitia Casta. brochures and catalogs. Outlook: • Demand for both male models and models who are representative of diverse racial and ethnic groups should rise higher than average for all models. custom salons or specialty stores. excellent fashion style. formal fashion show procedures and the use of cosmetics. a positive attitude. Models work with clothing. • Like most glamorous and high status careers. 2. Others work in fashion show modeling. make-up. Career Path: Print Model > Runway Model > Supermodel 49 . Tyra Banks. Heidi Klum. which is more theatrical. Others work mainly pose for still photographs used in print ads. Personal Characteristics/Skills photogenic and physically attractive with height. and costume accessories in a variety of poses and settings. Christie Brinkley. Naomi Campbell. Models try to convey an idea by their appearance.FASHION MODEL Also called: Fashion Model.

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