Fashion Careers

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• Fashion Design Production Fashion Designer • Fashion Accessory Designer Marketing/Merchandising Fashion Merchandiser Fashion Buyer Fashion Sales Rep Fashion Coordinator Showroom Sales Rep Retail Merchandiser Product Manager Clothing Patternmaker Visual Merchandiser Retail Store Manager Pattern Grader Boutique Owner

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• Fashion Media & Promotions Fashion Writer Fashion Stylist Fashion PR Specialist Fashion Editor Fashion Illustrator Graphic Designer Fashion Photographer

• Other Fashion Careers Costume Designer Personal Stylist Model

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Fashion Design Production
• Fashion and accessory designers use their knowledge of design principles, techniques, and tools to create sketches and models of original garments, shoes, handbags and other fashion accessories. • They often specialize in a particular facet of clothing design, such as men's, women's, children's wear, or lingerie. • While some fashion designers control the entire design and marketing process, others use the services of patternmakers to create original textiles and trimmings, production managers to oversee the actual creation of the fashion line, and fashion merchandisers to introduce and establish the designs in the fashion marketplace.
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textile and apparel manufacturers. and promote a finished. Fashion designers usually specialize in a specific line of clothing such as women. and fashion studios. In larger fashion houses. haute couturiers. or denims. Fashion design is a demanding and unpredictable job with long hours. shows. kids. an example being tailors who produce custom designs for weddings and other special events. 5 . and sales departments to design. maternity. maternity clothes. They analyze fashion trends and work closely with production. baby outfits. evening dresses. or individual jobs. ready-to-wear product for apparel manufacturers. produce. 3.FASHION DESIGNER Alternate Titles: Clothes Designer. especially when deadlines approach for launches. and individual clients. Fashion designers conceptualize and create new clothing. individual designers may work in very specialized areas. 7. Potential employers include retailers. 5. marketing. 6. Apparel Designer Job Description: 1. 2. bridal. sportswear etc. More experienced designers may be required to travel to promote their fashion lines. such as tshirts. 4. men. specialty and retail stores.

Expect long hours in the beginning and be prepared for seasonal slowdowns.computer assisted design) knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts knowledge of manufacturing and production process ability to deal with ambiguity and rejection and to handle stress due to deadlines good business and marketing skills. which creates more overall demand for clothing and accessories. and the population is growing. drawing and sketching skills computer skills (especially with the use of CAD . Personal Characteristics and Skillsability to discriminate between colors and judge fabric quality & a good eye for style.Outlook: • • Demand for fashion designers will remain strong as consumers constantly seek new styles and fashion. Career Path: Design Assistant > Assistant Designer > Associate Designer > Fashion Director • • • • • • • 6 . shape. and color above-average ability for sewing skills.

as well as the customers for whom they design these accessories. belts. Accessory designers must always stay in touch not only with trends in their own specialties. but also within apparel and fabric markets. Handbag Designer. etc. to go with clothing. 7 . women. gloves. be it men. handbags. in order to react to create pieces that complement the new hot styles in the market. kids. shoes. 3. etc. Accessory designers usually specialize in a specific line of accessories. moms. Shoe Designer. brides. ties. Accessory designers conceptualize and create designs for jewelry. 2.ACCESSORY DESIGNER Also called: Jewelry Designer. hats. Job Description: 1. and so on.

so most accessory designers work independently. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • above average ability for creative expression • technical skill in working with materials required for the chosen specialty (such as metal and semi-precious stones for jewelry designers. Few staff positions are available.Outlook: • • Accessory design is a highly competitive field that requires a lot of selfmotivation. ability to work independently. drawing and sketching skills • knowledge of and ability to react to current fashion trends • knowledge of manufacturing and production process • ability to keep production within a tight budget. handle stress due to deadlines Career Path: Design Assistant/ Freelance Accessory Designer > Associate Staff Accessory Designer > Accessory Designs Director 8 . etc) • persistence and determination.

3. 5. A fashion merchandiser needs to be one of the first in the industry to spot the trend. production costs. and have large personnel management responsibilities. and previous sales numbers to determine the product direction that the manufacturers will take each season. 9 . 2. Fashion merchandising professionals on the retail side are responsible for determining store inventory and to price clothes (MPR) 4. Merchandisers are some of the most powerful employees within an apparel company. Apparel Merchandiser Job Description: 1. Fashion merchandisers on the apparel production side track and analyze market trends.FASHION MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandiser. They may also be responsible for tracking profits and losses.

Career Path: Fashion Buyer > Merchandising Assistant > Merchandiser > Merchandising Director 10 . well-organized. there are a number of merchandiser positions open • Those who have the business acumen and good fashion judgment to achieve and maintain profitability in their sector could advance high up the executive ladder. calm under pressure. • ability to work with other executives. As a result. detail oriented.Outlook: • Every apparel maker needs at least one fashion merchandiser. decisive. Personal Characteristics and Skills – • extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends • highly analytical with strong math skills • ability to predict and create fashion trends • ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions.

assist in solving problems the customer may have with the product. Fashion Sales Representatives sell a manufacturer's garments and accessories to Fashion Buyers from wholesale and retail stores. 2. 4. 5.FASHION SALES REPRESENTATIVE Also called: Manufacturer's Representative. sometimes internationally. 11 . They listen to their customers concerns about the product. and catalogs of their manufacturer's product line. Apparel Sales Representative Job Description: 1. 3. Sales representatives usually solicit orders from new and prospective customers within a designated geographical area. illustrations. This is a position that requires a good deal of travel. They show samples. and even help the customer sell more of the product by arranging special events like trunk shows and in-store fashion shows featuring their products. and must be able to answer any questions regarding the products.

Personal Characteristics/Skills – • highly competitive • belief in the product and ability to maintain enthusiasm for it • excellent communication skills . • Often the key to getting a job is the willingness and flexibility to travel to remote locations. Career Path: Showroom Sales Representative/Assistant > Sales Representative > Sales Manager > Regional Sales Manager > National Sales Manager > VP Sales 12 . • Higher than average growth within the US is projected in this sector.both written and oral • establish good relationships with customers • self-motivated with good follow-through skills • ability to deal with rejection and remain upbeat • knowledge of fashion industry trends and manufacturer's competitors. with additional positions available overseas.Outlook: • Good to Excellent.

They work at manufacturers and/or designers offices.SHOWROOM SALES REPRESENTATIVES Also called: Showroom Salesperson. good organizational and computer skills. college graduates with good communication skills and the right personality have a good chance of being hired. • With enough experience and some additional education or training. friendly. where they meet with visiting Fashion Buyers and show the latest product line. 4. Showroom sales reps should expect to work additional long hours during the four to six market weeks or fashion weeks each year. Showroom Representative Job Description: 1. 3. Once they convince the Fashion Buyer to purchase the manufacturer's products. good listener. they are responsible for accurately taking the Fashion Buyers order. • Although a showroom sales rep is a fairly competitive position. 2. outgoing.enthusiastic. Personal Characteristics/Skills . knowledge of manufacturing and retail sectors of the fashion industry. They must then make sure that the right quantity of the right product reaches their customers' stores at the right time and in saleable condition. excellent communication and presentation skills. advancement is a good possibility. Career Path: Showroom Sales Assistant > Showroom Sales Representative > Showroom Sales Manager 13 . Outlook: • Good to Excellent.

detail oriented. ability to work with other executives. decisive. • As product managers gain extensive experience and knowledge of the manufacturer's operations. Product Managers are responsible for overseeing the conceptualization. usually starting at an analyst or assistant position. calm under pressure. 3. ability to combine information from market sales and production data with fashion forecasts and translate into smart product-line decisions. extensive knowledge of the apparel industry and trends. Personal Characteristics/Skills . design. Outlook: • Employment is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012. they can be promoted into an executive leadership position. They are also responsible for overseeing the set-up and implementation of quality assurance protocols for their product. 4.PRODUCT MANAGER Also called: Product Development Manager Job Description: 1. selling and distribution of a manufacturer or designer's products. Career Path: Market Analyst > Merchandiser > Product Manager > Director of Product Management 14 . • Most aspiring product managers must work up to this senior level. This is a fairly senior position within a manufacturer's organization. Product Managers usually handle a specific product. construction. 2.highly analytical with strong math skills. well-organized. or product line.

Patternmakers use their expertise in body proportions and knowledge of fabric to translate the designer's apparel sketches into its various pattern pieces. Career Path: Fabric Cutter/Grader > Patternmaker > Assistant Designer > Designer. patternmakers often act as liaisons between the design and manufacturing groups. manufacturers or as freelancers. pattern makers are vital to the success of a design. Alternatively Patternmakers may be promoted into Manufacturing/Production Management positions. • There should be opportunities either working for designers. Clothing patternmakers make full-size paper or fiberboard patterns for clothing.computer assisted drawing). 3. squares. • As styles become more complicated. 2. yet the number of people entering the trade has declined. 15 . understanding of apparel manufacturing process. expertise with body proportions. Because of their understanding of the technical aspect of a design. and sketches. Apparel Patternmaker.CLOTHING PATTERN MAKER Also called: Pattern Maker. Personal Characteristics/Skills . Outlook: • Pattern makers are very important to designers and fashion houses. ability to visualize the finished garment from a designers drawings. good communication skills.great technical skills with an ability to use drafting tools (calipers. good computer skills (specifically with CAD programs . straight and curved rules). detail oriented. Fabric Patternmaker Job Description: 1. designs.

Personal Characteristics/Skills . M. pattern grading is considered more of a technically oriented career than patternmaking or designing. analytical and problem-solving skills. Career Path: Pattern Grading Assistant > Pattern Grader > Patternmaker > Production Manager 16 . Pattern graders may use charts. technical expertise and experience. or computer programs in their work. good drafting and math skills.PATTERN GRADER Also called: Grader Job Description: 1. etc) and fits (tall. • With the right attitude. Pattern graders are responsible for reducing or enlarging a pattern created by a patternmaker order to produce clothes across a range of sizes (S. Outlook: • Opportunities for pattern graders are available. machinery. ability to manage deadlines and multiple projects. L. anyone starting as a pattern grader should have opportunities to progress on the road to becoming production managers. In general. but may also work for firms that specialize in pattern grading (such as an outsourcing provider). ability to do precise manual work. • Pattern graders may work directly for design houses or manufacturers. petite). especially through turnover or attrition. 2.Understanding of apparel construction and manufacturing and patternmaking.

Fashion Marketing/Merchandising 17 .

they promote fashion with advertising and visual marketing campaigns.Fashion Marketing/Merchandising • They are responsible for identifying and creating fashion trends to sell the products created by fashion designers. 18 . Drawing on their knowledge of consumer psychology and trends. The fashion merchandising field includes jobs in both retail and wholesale sales.

3.. Buyers for larger department stores usually specialize in a specific line of clothes or accessories (e. Buyers must also be good at budgeting and planning inventory so that a good selection of clothing is always available for customers. men's suits or women's denim) 19 .g. Buyers often make their purchases of apparel and accessories from manufacturers. designers. or wholesalers for the retailers or departmental stores 1 or 2 seasons in advance. Fashion buyers use their sense of style. knowledge of fashion trends. 2.FASHION BUYER Also called: Apparel Buyer. present. so it is important for fashion buyers to be able to understand past. 4. Buyer Job Description: 1. and future fashion trends. and understanding of their target customers' desires to create an attractive selection of apparel for retail stores.

but new positions become available as a result of internal promotions of experienced buyers. • The overall number of fashion buyer positions available is expected to decrease. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Fashion buyers must be fashion-lovers with knowledge of fashion history and trends • good analytical skills • good negotiation abilities • flexible work attitude • excellent budgeting and planning skills • inventory management skills • ability to deal well with deadlines and stress. Career Path: Assistant Fashion Buyer > Fashion Buyer > Divisional Merchandise Manager 20 .Outlook: • Good to Excellent. • Advancement opportunities are good: Those who start at the assistant buyer level have a good chance of becoming full-fledged buyers within 3 to 5 years.

CO-ORDINATOR Also called: Fashion Director Job Description: 1. and wholesalers to ensure that things are on schedule and colors. 4. Fashion Coordinators are responsible for creating a unified look and feel across all fashion divisions of a department store. and textiles are according to plan. 6. supervising fashion photography shoots for promotions. suppliers. design house. Fashion coordinators then share their analyses with retail salespeople and/or editors to guide them in making customer recommendations. or fashion magazine. Long hours and frequent travel are part of the job. They are constantly monitoring industry publications and talking to designers in order to understand industry trends and keep up with the latest in fabric and textile development. Additional responsibilities of a fashion coordinator may include organizing fashion parades. and serving as a middleman with fabric mills. 3. designs. Fashion directors need to assess the potential success of a garment or clothing line and determine the best plan for promotion and marketing. 2. 5. and they also share their analysis with buyers to guide them in making inventory purchases. 21 .

negotiation. etc. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • excellent understanding of fashion (e. styles. fabrics.) • knowledge and understanding of fashion trends • a flair for style. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Assistant Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Coordinator > Fashion Director 22 . judgment. cuts. and presentation skills. • There are only a limited number of Fashion Coordinator positions available since it is a high-level position. colors. and department stores.Outlook: • Fair to Great.. these are available in areas like fashion magazines.g. great networking skills • great organizational skills • excellent communication. • However. in-depth understanding of consumer behavior • an interest in artistic and creative pursuits. design houses.

purchase. product development and sales. highly organized. 4. 6. Merchandisers may also specialize in a specific line of clothing. 5.RETAIL MERCHANDISER Also called: Merchandise Manager. They study fashion trends. great leadership and management skills. manufacturers and products. Outlook: Good to Excellent. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Exceptional analytical skills. department. and make fashion forecasts basted on the information they collect. promote and sell clothing and accessories for a retail store. 3. designers. Like Fashion Buyers. division or chain. expertise in planning. pricing. Long hours and plenty of travel are often part of the job. forecasting. Career Path: Buyers > Associate Merchandising Manager > Merchandise Manager > General Merchandising Manager 23 . 2. visit manufacturers. Fashion Merchandiser Job Description: 1. strong time management skills. They may also be responsible for organizing and coordinating promotional activities like fashion shows. designers and merchandise markets. Retail Merchandisers select. competitors. consumers. in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion marketplace. They work with a team of buyers and managers to decide the most effective way to sell their products including advertising and display of merchandise & on how and where best to position and place merchandise.

Visual Merchandisers are responsible for conceptualizing. Visual Merchandisers may provide input or oversee the design and layout of a store or department. 2. Visual Display Artists take into account current fashions and trends. such as holidays (e. 6. promotions. 5. promoted. Visual Merchandisers must combine their creativity and artistic flair with technical know-how to set up displays that maximize the space of the store while effectively catching the eye and appealing to the senses of their target customers. and (3) guide their customers' browsing through merchandise placement and store layout to result in an eventual sale. In larger department stores or retail chains.VISUAL MERCHANDISER Alternate Titles: Merchandise Display Artist. or sold. Visual Merchandisers coordinate with the head office and other design teams (including buyers and sales staff) to ensure consistency with the corporate brand or image. 3. and any other areas where the store's apparel and accessories are displayed. tradeshow displays. fashion showrooms. and seasonal factors. Christmas and Valentine's Day). (2) increase customer traffic in the store. designing. In addition to drawing on their knowledge of customer tendencies when designing their displays.. 4. and implementing window and instore displays for both online and brick and mortar retail stores.g. Their mail goals are: (1) create and maintain an image for a department or store that resonates with their target customers. 24 . Visual Display Designer Job Description: 1.

as well as knowledge of fashion and art/design industry trends and forecasts.store customer traffic and therefore their bottom lines. etc) is helpful. • Experienced Visual Merchandisers who have a proven track record of creating great displays may have the option of joining or starting their own firms specializing in visual merchandising for retailers. • In the coming years. Visual Merchandiser jobs are projected to grow at a pace higher than the national average.g. Creativity is key with an above-average ability for artistic expression. building stet. setting up proper lighting. skilled Visual Merchandisers have become more sought after. props. 2. It is also important to have the ability to work well with others. Personal Characteristics and Skills: 1. or they may be promoted to managerial positions of greater responsibilities. • Now that retailers have realized the positive impact that displays can have on their in.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. Technical and design expertise (e. Career Path: Visual Merchandising Assistant > Visual Merchandiser > Visual Merchandising Coordinator > Visual Merchandising Director 25 .

ordering a store's merchandise inventory. evenings and holidays are often part of the job. 3. 26 . Retail store managers are very high-level employees who are responsible for overseeing all aspects of a store's operations. and interpersonal skills to keep their stores profitable. setting up pricing policies. weekends. Working long hours. and as such must have the right combination of fashion industry knowledge. business acumen.RETAIL STORE MANAGER Also called: Store Manager. 2. store managers do or at least are involved in some manner in everything from approving visual displays and print or television advertisements. 4. firing and promoting employees. They are ultimately responsible for the store's bottom line. Department Store Manager Job Description: 1. training. to hiring. Depending on the size of a store.

Personal Characteristics/Skills – • interpersonal and management skills • highly organized • detail oriented yet constantly thinking of the big picture • good business skills particularly in marketing. accounting. Job stability for Retail Store Managers is now more than ever determined by the store's ongoing profitability. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Associate Manager > Store Manager > Department Store Manager 27 . The growth of national chains has created more jobs at companies (instead of small retail stores) and thus created a career development path for many aspiring managers.Outlook: Employment for retail store managers / supervisors is expected to grow 3% to 9% between 2002 and 2012. sales and management. Candidates with retail experience will have the the best opportunity for jobs as store managers.

dresses. watches. sunglasses. 4. 2. One could start a fashion boutique in one of the following areas: sportswear. Owner Job Description: 1. and more. novelty items. beachwear. accessories. 28 . lingerie. shoes. T-shirts. Their stores often target a specific customer profile and often carry a specific mix of clothing and/or apparel designers that appeal to this demographic. 3. vintage. tuxedos. Boutique owners must be jacks of all trades as they typically oversee all aspects of a boutiques operations from planning and purchasing their inventory. Successful boutique owners are very entrepreneurial-minded and driven people who use a combination of savvy business skills and in-depth knowledge of the fashion retail industry to make a profit. setting up the in-store displays and managing employees.BOUTIQUE OWNER Also called: Specialty Store Owner. handbags.

or if they have created a strong enough brand. successful owners are those who can attract investors with a solid business plan and operational structure. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Buyer > Retail Manager > Boutique Owner 29 . Sales and Management • in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the fashion retail marketplace. • Once the store is profitable.Outlook: • Being a small business owner is a dream for many people. multi-tasking capabilities. Accounting. excellent time management and communication skills. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • entrepreneurial and risk-taking personality • solid business background in fields such as Marketing. • Often. • Setting up a boutique usually requires obtaining a bank loan or drawing from personal savings to cover initial investments. sell franchises for subsequent locations. owners can go on to open additional stores. and the value of being one's own boss cannot be underestimated. including trends and forecasts • flexible.

Fashion Media & Promotions 30 .

• Fashion photographs.Fashion Media & Promotions • The fashion industry offers a number of opportunities for creative professionals who aren't attracted to the design side. 31 . web sites. magazines. and other media outlets to keep consumers up-to-date on style trends. • Fashion writers and editors are employed by newspapers. and stylists are often employed by catalogs and magazines. illustrators.

submitting articles on a freelance basis is often the preferred career direction. After developing these stories behind the scenes. 5. Talented fashion editors tend to partner with photographers. and of course for television. Fashion Reporter Job Description: 1. Fashion writers produce editorial copy for media outlets such as fashion magazines. The majority of the industry's fashion writers work within editorial departments of fashion design firms.. Fashion Critic. 32 . newspapers. who together dig up their own stories e.g. fashion / design websites or blogs. they are pitched to chief editors or other fashion media buyers like Vogue or Cosmo. 3. 4. 2. formal portraits of designers. Most draw upon their personal interest and incorporate their own personality into stories to make their pieces fun. editors. celebrities and others who make up fashion's inner circle. Like all journalists.FASHION WRITER Also called: Fashion Journalist. but for those who specialize in areas like designer collection reviews.. interesting and engaging to readers. models. fashion reporters must do thorough research and/or conduct interviews when preparing articles.

historical trends. • The fashion writing industry can be extremely competitive. attention to detail. • Two thirds of the nations working fashion editors will reside in either New York or California (US Dept of Labor). Freelance fashion writers must have persistence and perseverance and be good at marketing their work Career Path: Editorial Assistant > Staff Fashion Writer > Fashion Editor 33 . and superior research and fact-checking skills are essential.. • A love of fashion and knowledge about the industry. spelling and grammar).Good interpersonal communication skills are needed for interviews and dealing with editors. textiles. Personal Characteristics . fabrics and business are also important.g. designers.Outlook: • National employment demand for all fashion journalists and writers is expected to grow through 2014. Skills – • Excellent English communication and writing skills (e.

Companies such as magazines. layout. fashions. 3. 5. commercial. and even models to fit the theme of the shoot. and music production companies often employ fashion stylists. Fashion stylists often scout locations. retailers. create the mood for the shoot by selecting and setting up the appropriate props. 4. accessories. 34 . Many stylists also choose to run their own businesses. celebrities. Stylists may also be employed by agents. etc. music video. print advertisement. catalog publishers. Fashion stylists are responsible for bringing to life a photographer or director's vision for a fashion photo shoot. television and film production houses. newspapers. or wealthy clients as wardrobe consultants to help them prepare for major events or appearances. They coordinate colors and styles and ensure that all clothes are ready for the shoot. advertising agencies.FASHION STYLIST Job Description: 1. which can include basic tasks such as steaming and ironing garments. public relations firms. 2.

good interpersonal and networking skills • persistence and self-motivation. Kylie Minogue. budgets. Personal Characteristics and Skills – • eye for style. Kelly Price 35 . • Once established.Outlook: • Aspiring fashion stylists should expect to work their way to the top. ability to market oneself • savvy business skills to deal with invoicing. stylists who maintain a good professional reputation can expect plenty of repeat business and often take advantage of this by setting up their own independent businesses. Naomi Campbell Rachel Zoe: Celebrity clients include Nichole Richie. Career Path: Intern/Stylist's Apprentice > Assistant Fashion Stylist > Staff Fashion Stylist Famous Fashion Stylists: Jeff Ihenando: Stylist for supermodels Kate Moss. trends and forecasts • technical know-how for setting up sets. • The most successful fashion stylists have extensive networks of contacts within the fashion industry to get the job done quickly and on budget. clients usually hire stylists they have used in the past or those who have proven success in the business. bills. creativity and resourcefulness • broad knowledge of fashion history. etc. Libery Ross. Lauren Hutton. Mischa Barton. Keira Knightly Wardrobe stylist for Madonna. • In addition.

radio and direct mail. newspapers. PR specialists must maintain strong professional relationships with media personnel. Fashion Public Relations Specialists and Publicists help apparel companies and retail stores build and maintain a favorable public image. 2. 4. PR specialists select information that they want to share with the public and write up press releases or conduct press conferences to distribute the news through television. As such. 36 . They are also responsible for interacting with media when questions or crises arise from outside sources. 3. Public Relations (PR) Specialists must find creative ways to keep the company's brand name in the public eye.FASHION PUBLIC RELATIONS SPECIALIST Also called: Fashion Publicist. Fashion Media Relations Specialist Job Description: 1. Because they do not pay for publicity or media coverage.

After 3-5 years of experience in the field. PR specialists may also work at PR firms that handle work for a variety of clients. Career Path: Promotions Assistant > Public Relations Specialist > Public Relations Coordinator > Director of Public Relations 37 . • In addition to working on staff for design houses and retailers. PR specialists often move into more senior PR Coordinator positions. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Knowledge of journalistic basics including proper news release formats • excellent written and oral communication and presentation skills • good interpersonal skills. • The market for PR specialists focused solely on fashion is growing quickly.Outlook: • Good to Excellent. good time management and multi-tasking skills • ability to maintain an even temperament under stress.

editors are often required to travel to keep up with the latest fashion trends through meetings with designers and visits to fashion shows throughout the world (e. London. or television shows.. beauty and make-up. Editors may specialize in apparel. Under guidance of the editor-in-chief. accessories. 4.FASHION EDITOR Also called: Apparel Editor.g. 2. Some fashion editors choose to freelance. and so on. Accessories Editor. clothing and accessories). developing and presenting content for fashionspecific magazines. Editors occupy the mid to highest-level positions at publications 3. photo shoots. retail stores. newspaper sections. 38 .g. they are responsible for deciding the creative influence and direction that their departments will pursue during a given season or issue. Due to the deadline-driven nature of their work. Fashion editors supervise the process of creating. In addition. working on a per-contract basis and assuming all of the costs of the fashion shoot (e. Paris. and vintage clothing stores 6. Fashion Producer Job Description: 1. 5. specialty boutiques. websites. and Milan).. both salaried and freelance editors should enjoy a fastpaced environment. New York.

entertainment and lifestyle magazines. opportunities for advancement become more readily available. • Once in the system. Career Path: Associate Editor > Editor > Senior Editor > Editor-in-Chief Famous Fashion Editor-in-Chiefs: Anna Wintour: Vogue Magazine Cindi Leive: Glamour Magazine Robbie Myers: Elle Magazine 39 . newspapers. excellent interpersonal and management skills • competitive spirit • ability to perform well under stress. • Growth in any of these sectors means an increased demand for experienced writers and editors. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Passion for fashion. television shows. aspiring editors must be creative. broad knowledge of fashion industry trends and forecasts • excellent writing/journalistic talent with the ability to communicate effectively and clearly • great organization and planning skills. etc. websites. fashion sections of news. • Because competition for these jobs is fierce.Outlook: • Employment of editors and writers is expected to increase 10% to 20% between 2002 and 2012 • There are a variety of outlets in which prospective editors may seek employment including but not limited to: fashion magazines. hard working and willing to start at the bottom and take opportunities as they arise.

manufacturer. shoes. exceptional drawing skills. catalogues. however. full-time jobs are often available with clothing catalog firms. or out of their own studio. 3. • In addition. high level of creativity and artistic expression. department store ads. there are still opportunities for fashion illustration and fashion artist jobs. Career Path: Fashion Illustrator Freelance > Staff Fashion Illustrator 40 . Fashion illustrations are used in newspaper and magazine advertising layouts. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent computer skills. and other media either by hand or use special computer software programs (e.. and accessories for fashion advertisements. Outlook: • Many of the jobs once performed exclusively by fashion illustrators are now also done by fashion photographers. brochures. • For example.g. well-trained and skilled illustrators are sought by employers like pattern companies and fashion forecast firms. computer aided design/CAD). ability for self-promotion. 2. direct mail catalogs. Professional fashion artists may work on a freelance basis for an advertising agency. basic business know-how. Fashion illustrators conceptualize and create sketches and drawings of apparel. or department store. for whom photographs will not suffice. particularly with CAD software. films. television commercials.FASHION IILUSTRATOR Also called: Fashion Artist Job Description: 1. and flyers.

ability to tolerate criticism. Graphic designers may work for an advertising agency. color and design. good computer skills. Outlook: • Good to Excellent. • Faster than average growth is projected for graphic designers in the coming years thanks to the growth of the Internet and the increase in competition among apparel designers and manufacturers. or out of their own studio. as a freelance designer. for various fashion businesses. • Those who fit the bill may progress to become art directors or creative directors. including business cards and stationary. Career Path: Paste-up Artist > Graphic Designer > Art Director > Creative Director 41 . ability to collaborate other professionals. or may decide to open their own graphic design firm and hire other designers.GRAPHIC DESIGNER Also called: Graphic Artist Job Description: 1. packaging. and many other types of materials. Personal Characteristics/Skills . attention to detail. book covers. • Success for graphic designers is usually based on creativity and design sense. and turnover in top positions. In large agencies. advertising. creativity and imagination. Graphic Designers design and prepare camera-ready copy for any type of printed material. business acumen. brochures.Good sense of style. they work on a team with the Art Director and Creative Director in order to conceptualize and create specific designs to be approved by their client. fashion magazine. 2. variety and length of experience. graphic design firm.

Magazine Photographer Job Description: 1. Catalogue Photographer. Professional fashion photographers must have a good eye for style and beauty and be skilled at working with models to achieve & capture the best possible poses and photos. develop. 2. photographers may also be responsible for scouting locations and hiring models and personnel for the photo shoot 42 . 3. and fashion houses to conceptualize. In addition to taking pictures. Web sites. Fashion photographers either freelance or are employed by catalogs.FASHION PHOTOGRAPHER Also called: Photographer. shoot. magazines. and print still photos and/or videos to show off clothes and accessories in a creative manner that catches the eye of consumers.

increased use of the Internet may spur further growth in fashion photography. and special characteristics of films and paper • good business and networking skills. Mario Testino. ability to promote oneself • knowledge of trends in both photography and fashion industry. Career Path: Photographer's Assistant > Staff/Freelance Photographer > Photo Editor > Director of Photography Famous Fashion Photographers: Richard Avedon. Helmut Newton. Michael Thompson.Outlook: • Competition for jobs in magazine and commercial photography is stiff. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Artistic and creative expression • thorough knowledge of the technical and aesthetic aspects of photography. Mario Sorrenti 43 . including camera operations. Steven Meisel. lighting. • However. • With experience comes more opportunity. S • starting as an assistant or an apprentice is one way to get a foot in the door. Patrick Demarchelier. and those who can develop a solid portfolio (body of work) may attain full-time staff positions or set up their own studios and work with more exclusive or well-known fashion clients. solid interpersonal skills to communicate with models and convey your ideas. darkroom procedures. composition. as Web sites look to continuously refresh their content. and aspiring fashion photographers may outnumber the available assignments.

Other Fashion Careers 44 .

Other fashion career opportunities include --- • costume design .positions with high-end department stores and private clients • and modeling work .for TV. film and theater productions • personal stylist .for everything from newspapers ads to strutting the catwalk in Milan or Paris 45 .

television.COSTUME DESIGNER Also called: Theatrical Designer Job Description: 1. A good costume designer plays a big part in character or time period to vivid life on stage or screen. 3. 4. 46 . With any given project. Costume Designers research and design for authentic period. time period and setting in which the action occurs. They do research. They work primarily for motion pictures. costume designers must get a feel for the mood. country or social class costumes. concerts and stage companies. create sketches of costumes. 2. and develop costume budgets for the entire production.

and a little luck. University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer. knowledge of fashion history and art history • as well as general world history • good research skills • technical skill in designing and dressmaking • ability to work and collaborate with other professionals • ability to handle stress from deadlines. Broadway/OffBroadway Productions > Costume Designer.often as unpaid volunteers in college productions. this hard work should enable the designer to land a higher-paying job in the television and film industries. • With the right skills. Career Path: Design Assistant. University/Regional Theatre > Costume Designer. Television and Film 47 .Outlook: • Employment opportunities for costume designers depends largely upon the Entertainment Industry. • As demand for movies and theater grow and the productions themselves become increasingly rich in design and costume. Personal Characteristics/Skills – • Creativity. • Aspiring costume designers usually start as assistants . perseverance. experience. demand for costume designers should follow.

business savvy. 3. Consultants make an evaluation of their clients' physical attributes. • With enough experience. enjoy shopping. Career Path: Retail Sales Associate > Related Fashion Position > Personal Stylist 48 . • Personal stylists may give classes for small groups or run seminars for a client company. Outlook: • Aspiring stylists should first get some experience in fashion retail positions. good listener. ability to promote oneself. good networking skills. great presentation and oral communication skills. 2. lifestyle. friendly and tactful. Personal stylists may often shop for their clients and pick out items that suit their image. Personal stylists work with individuals or companies to educate clients about general fashion apparel and accessories. and fashion style in order to make recommendations on which fashion choices will help the client achieve and maintain their desired image. Personal Characteristics/Skills – Excellent fashion sense. • Some lucky stylists work exclusively with high-profile celebrities in the sports and entertainment industries where a client's everyday look or image is often more important than how they look while they work. personal shoppers and merchandise buyers can gain credentials to work as independent consultants. knowledge of fashion trends and forecasts.PERSONAL STYLIST Also called: Wardrobe Consultant. Personal Shopper Job Description: 1.

retail stores. 2. and Laetitia Casta. • Yet. and costume accessories in a variety of poses and settings. Personal Characteristics/Skills photogenic and physically attractive with height. Christie Brinkley. 3. excellent fashion style. Karolina Kurkova. familiarity with different modeling techniques. formal fashion show procedures and the use of cosmetics. Cindy Crawford. persuading people to buy the products they advertise. weight and body measurements falling within certain industry standards. Heidi Klum. Outlook: • Demand for both male models and models who are representative of diverse racial and ethnic groups should rise higher than average for all models. Adriana Lima. Tyra Banks. Models work with clothing. Runway Model. brochures and catalogs. a positive attitude. good people skills.FASHION MODEL Also called: Fashion Model. make-up. self-discipline. • Like most glamorous and high status careers. Models try to convey an idea by their appearance. custom salons or specialty stores. Career Path: Print Model > Runway Model > Supermodel 49 . They may model in showrooms. which is more theatrical. those who succeed often segue into careers in fashion and entertainment. Famous Supermodels: Kate Moss. many people aspire to become models and the competition is healthy. Naomi Campbell. Print Model Job Description: 1. Others work mainly pose for still photographs used in print ads. Others work in fashion show modeling.

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