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For the Tasnee New Projects Presentation by IMT Safety Department Martin Dekens
Scaffolding Safety Awareness
• Identify Project Scaffolding Requirements. • Site Key Questions Related to Scaffold Erection Planning. • Describe Main Construction Requirements for System Scaffolding. • Identify Major Scaffolding Hazards. • List Important Features of PFAS (Personal Fall Arrest System).
WHAT IS SCAFFOLDING?
A temporary structure
which provides access, or from which persons work, or which is used to support materials, plant or equipment.
Types of Scaffolding Tube & Fittings Kwickstage Cuplock .
Project Requirements EPC/Contractors documented scaffolding procedure standard scaffold materials British Standard or equivalent BS 1139/5973 .
Material Specifications Allowable Materials* forged steel rolled steel malleable cast iron or steel * Corrosion resistant or protected against oxidation/rust (i.e. painted/galvanized) .
2. 5.Planning Considerations 1. What is the exact location for the scaffold? Where will the scaffold be used for and who will be using it? How much weight must the scaffold be capable of supporting? What type of scaffold will be required? What is the height and length of the required scaffold? 3. 4. .
W…. H….Planning Considerations W…. W… W… .
Planning Considerations 6. 7. pipe racks and power lines) 8. Will the scaffold interfere with a main road or pedestrian traffic? How will workers access the scaffold? 9.e. . Are the ground conditions suitable? Are there any overhead obstructions? (i.
Planning Considerations A… A… W… H… .
System Scaffolding Construction Follow manufacturer’s design specs/requirements Base is on solid ground/footing Structure is both square and plumb Platforms must be: fully planked or decked with no gaps at least 38 mm wide/thickness (boards) able to support its own weight able to support 4 X’s its maximum load .
5 meters All boards or planks used must always be secured Dimensions maximum distance between the base plate and the first set of ledgers/ transoms minimum spacing between transoms .System Scaffolding Construction Spacing between the bays must never exceed 2.
5 meter from work platform .0 meter from work platform height of the mid rail must be 0.System Scaffolding Construction Guard Rails maximum distance between handrail uprights must not exceed 2.4 meters top guard rail height must be 1.
System Scaffolding Construction 6" .
System Scaffolding Construction BIOARD BEARER (INTERMEDIATE TRANSOM) BAY LENGTH RUNNERS (LEDGERS) BEARERS (TRANSOMS) RUNNERS & BEARERS INSTALLED INSIDE POSTS TYP. POST (STANDARD) BASE PLATES SILLS (SOLE BOARDS) BASE LIFT (KICKER LIFT) .
95m – 1. SCAFFOLD PLANKS BEARER (TRANSOM) LONGITUDINAL BRACING SWIVEL COUPLER FIXED COUPLER (90º) LADDER CLAMP TOEBOARD STANDARD RUNNER (LEDGER) TRANSVERSE BRACING BASE LIFT (KICKER LIFT) 6" BASE PLATE SILL (SOLE BOARD) .System Scaffolding Construction TOP RAIL MID RAIL DROP BAR 0.15 m (38”-45”) FALSE UPRIGHT 36” min.
(9 ft. .) apart.7 m.95 m. Toeboards – shall have no more than 6 mm.15 m. Uprights – shall not be spaced more than 2. (45”) above the walking/working surface of a platform. (1/4”) gap above the working surface and should withstand a force of at least 23 kg (50 lbs). (38 “) and not more than 1.System Scaffolding Construc Toprails . Midrails – installed approximately halfway between the walking/working surface and toprail.top edge height of toprails shall not be less than 0.
System Scaffolding Construction BEARERS (TRANSOMS) RUNNERS (LEDGERS) BAY LENGTH BAY SCAFFOLD WIDTH 6” LIFT HEIGHT POST (STANDARD) BASE LIFT (Foot Tie or Kicker Lift) .
System Scaffolding Construction self closing drop bar false upright (puncheon) toprails midrails toeboards .
System Scaffolding Construction SCAFFOLD LIFTS 2nd LIFT 2 Meters (6’ 6”) maximum lift height 1st LIFT 2 Meters (6’ 6”) maximum lift height BASE LIFT (KICKER LIFT) 6" POSTS (STANDARDS) RUNNERS (LEDGERS) BEARERS (TRANSOMS) .
System Scaffolding Construction TYPI CAL BRI DGI NG FOR 2 BAYS LI GHT-DUTY SCAFFOLD BRACING TO OUTER AND INNER POST (STANDARD) LINES M AXI M UM 2 BAYS .
System Scaffolding Construction TYPI CAL BRI DGI NG FOR 2 BAYS M EDI UM -DUTY SCAFFOLD LADDER BEAM M AXI M UM 2 BAYS IN CERTAIN CASES. CHECK COUPLERS AND DOUBLE POST (STANDARDS) MAY BE REQUIRED BRACING AND LADDER BEAMS TO OUTER AND INNER POST (STANDARD) LINES .
TYPI CAL BRI DGI NG FOR 2 BAYS HEAVY-DUTY SCAFFOLD LATTI CE / UNI T BEAM M AXI M UM 2 BAYS IN CERTAIN CASES. CHECK COUPLERS AND DOUBLE POST (STANDARDS) MAY BE REQUIRED BRACING AND LATTICE / UNIT BEAMS TO OUTER AND INNER POST (STANDARD) LINES .
Longitudinal (façade) braces shall be connected to posts (standards) as close as possible to the intersection (node point) of the runner (ledger) and post (standard).) Base Lift Base Lift TRANSVERSE (SECTI ONAL) "ZI G-ZAG" BRACI NG TUBE & COUPLER SCAFFOLD LONGI TUDI NAL (FAÇADE) "ZI G-ZAG" BRACI NG TUBE & COUPLER SCAFFOLD . BEARER (TRANSOM) 4th LIFT POST (STANDARD) POST (STANDARD) RUNNER (LEDGER) BRACING REPEATED EVERY 5th POST (STANDARD) 3rd LIFT MAX. Transverse (sectional) braces shall be connected to either posts (standards) or runners (ledgers) as close as possible to the intersection (node point) of the bearer (transom) and post (standard).) 35o-55o (TYP. 3OPEN BAYS 2nd LIFT 3rd LIFT 2nd LIFT 1st LIFT 1st LIFT 35o-55o (TYP. Bracing Vertical bracing to prevent excessive sway is necessary in both the transverse and longitudinal direction of all system and tube & coupler scaffolds for the full height of the scaffold.
Bracing Brace ends may be joined together with end-to-end (sleeve) couplers. 0m in m . Alternatively.) NODE POINT (TYP. (typ. shall be overlapped & joined with at least two adjustable (swivel) couplers.) RUNNER (LEDGER) 30 P BRACE SPLICE BRACE CONNECTION . for braces subject to large tension loads. 300 mm (12") M ax. .( O 12 VE R L ") M in A . DIAGONAL BRACE ADJUSTABLE (SWIVEL) COUPLERS ADJUSTABLE (SWIVEL) COUPLER POST (STANDARD) BEARER (TRANSOM) DIAGONAL BRACE 10 (4 0 m ") M m.) 300 mm (12") M ax. (typ.
System Scaffolds All system scaffolds shall be erected per manufacturer’s published instructions and the requirements TYPICAL SYSTEM SCAFFOLD BASE IN THE PROCESS OF BEING ASSEMBLED AND LEVELED TYPICAL SYSTEM SCAFFOLD BEING ASSEMBLED SYSTEM SCAFFOLD ERECTION .
POSTS Joint pins or. joint pins are only designed for compression load. However. End-to-end couplers shall be used where tension (uplift) can be present in a posts (standard) or other scaffold tube. Joints in posts (standards) shall be staggered. . preferably. Joints in adjacent posts shall not occur in the same lift height. end-to-end (sleeve) couplers shall be used for joints in post (standards).
System Scaffolding Construction FALL PROTECTION Each person who could fall more than 1. (200 lbs. Guardrail system shall be able to withstand a force of at least 90kg.8 m. (6 ft.) It consists: GUARDRAIL SYSTEMS .) shall be protected from falling by means of guardrail systems or personal fall arrest systems.
Competent Person Required employee capable of identifying and promptly correcting scaffolding hazards – selects qualified workers to erect & dismantle scaffolding determines if it is safe to work on a scaffold during storms or high winds trains workers to recognize hazards .
Field Inspection Competent person inspects for visible defects before each shift & after any alterations Document inspections every week (long standing structures) Remove defective parts from use! Tag all scaffolding per procedure! .
moved.Remember! Scaffolds can only be erected. Competent person selects and directs workers & determines if necessary fall protection measures. . dismantled or altered under the supervision of a competent person.
maintain. disassemble.Remember! Train all scaffolding crews how to – erect. & repair scaffolds recognize hazards & use fall protection follow relevant project procedures. . move. & work on scaffolds inspect.
etc. debris.) Electrocution .Major Hazards Falls from any elevation Bad planking Scaffold collapse Falling objects (tools.
(PFAS) Full Body Harness Retractable reels / inertia rails / rope grabs Lifelines independent / horizontal / vertical Secure anchorage points Competent person to check PFAS & lifeline Installation .
8 m.) shall be protected from falling by means of guardrail systems or personal fall arrest systems. (200 lbs.System Scaffolding Construction FALL PROTECTION Each person who could fall more than 1. (6 ft. Guardrail system shall be able to withstand a force of at least 90kg.) It consists: GUARDRAIL SYSTEMS .
SUMMARY Comply with Site scaffolding requirements Plan ahead for scaffolding construction Conduct required training Conduct risk assessments (JHA/JSA) Reinforce safe practices through inspection .
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