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IMMUNE SYSTEM

BY. GROUP B.

LEARNING OBJECTIVE.
 MEANING OF IMMUNE SYSTEM.

 TYPE OF IMMUNE SYSTEM.
 TYPE OF ANTIBODY.  TYPE OF ACQUIRED IMMUNITY.

MEANING OF IMMUNE SYSTEM.
 An intricate complex of interrelated cellular ,

molecular , and genetic component that provides a defense , the immune response , against foreign organisms or substance and aberrant native cells.

ANTIGEN SPECIFICITY
 T-lymphocytes

 B-lymphocytes
 Memory T-cells  Cytotoxic T-cells

 Helper T-cells
 Suppressor T-cells  Plasma cells

 Memory B-cells

TYPES OF ANTIBODY
TYPES OF ANTIBODY IgA FUNCTION Found in body secretions like breast milk and saliva , and prevent antigens crossing epithelial membranes and invading deeper tissues. This is made by B-cells displayed on their surfaces. Antigens bind here to active B-cells Found on cell membrane of , e.g ., basophils and mast cells , and if it binds its antigen , actives the inflammatory response. This antibody is often found in excess in allergy. This is the largest and most common antibody type. It attacks many different pathogens , and crosses the placenta to protect the fetus . Produced in large quantities in the primary response and is a potent activator of complement.

IgD IgE

IgG

IgM

ACQUIRED IMMUNITY
Acquired immunity Active Passive

Natural Clinical disease, subclinical infection

Artificial Vaccine, toxoid

Natural From mother

Artificial Immunoglobulins

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