PUMPS

Copyright © 2007 Fluor Corporation

1

PUMPS

Lesson Objective

Become familiar with the most common types of pumps, how the different types of pumps operate, and how the different types of pumps are used Learn the different types of pump drivers used Learn how to determine where pumps are located within a process unit

2

Definition:

What is a pump?

Pumps are a device which moves a liquid by means of suction or pressure from one location to another.

3

Types of Pumps

Types of Pumps

There are three basic types of pumps Centrifugal Rotary Reciprocrating

4

Centrifugal Pumps

Copyright © 2007 Fluor Corporation

A centrifugal pump uses centrifugal force to develop pressure to move a commodity. The commodity is first drawn into the suction nozzle of the pump and into a high speed impeller located in the pump’s casing. The impeller slings the commodity outwards against the casing and the commodity exits the pump under greater pressure through the discharge nozzle. Centrifugal pumps are the most commonly used type of pump. This type of pump is normally more economical and has a low initial cost. The centrifugal pump is characterized by its smooth flow.

5

Centrifugal Pumps 6 .

Centrifugal Pumps Typical Horizontal Centrifugal Pump 7 .

Centrifugal Pumps Typical In-line Vertical Pump 8 .

Centrifugal Pumps Vertical Sump Pump 9 .

10 .Rotary Pumps Copyright © 2007 Fluor Corporation A rotary pump uses gears and screws to develop positive pressure to move a commodity viscous in nature such as grease. The rotary pump is characterized by its smooth flow and is considered to be a positive displacement pump. As the gears or screws rotate the commodity is pushed out the pump’s discharge nozzle much like a nut on a bolt. As the set of gears or screws rotate the commodity fills the space between the gear teeth or screws on the suction side. and heavy fuel oils. The commodity is first drawn into the suction nozzle of the pump using a set of gears or screws located in the pump’s casing. asphalt. Positive displacement means that a set volume of liquid is discharged for each complete rotation of the shaft.

Rotary Pumps Gear Pumps 11 .

Rotary Pumps Screw Pumps 12 .

As the plunger or piston is pushed forward in the suction chamber the commodity fills the discharge chamber through the baffle. A reciprocating pump uses a plunger or piston within a chamber to develop positive pressure to move a commodity from one location to another.Reciprocating Pumps Copyright © 2007 Fluor Corporation The reciprocating pump is characterized by its pulsating flow and is considered to be a positive displacement pump. The commodity is first drawn into the suction nozzle of the pump when the plunger or piston is drawn back within the suction chamber. As the suction chamber is re-filled by the suction cycle being repeated the commodity is pushed out the pump’s discharge nozzle by the plunger or piston in the discharge chamber. Reciprocating pumps are normally used to inject small amounts of additives in high pressure systems. 13 . As the commodity fills the suction chamber a baffle opens in the discharge chamber and. Positive displacement means that a set volume of liquid is discharged for each complete rotation of the shaft.

Reciprocating Pumps Reciprocating Piston Type Pump 14 .

Reciprocating Pumps Plunger Type Pump 15 .

Pump Drivers Copyright © 2007 Fluor Corporation There are two different types of pump drivers Electric motor Steam Turbine 16 .

Pump Drivers Typical Electrical Motor Pump Driver Electric Motors are commonly used. 17 .

Pump Drivers Typical Steam Turbine Pump Driver Steam turbines are normally used for spare or back-up pumps in case of electrical failure Steam turbines can be used in an area which has the potential of becoming explosive in nature due to gas leaks Steam turbines are normally ran by surplus steam source which makes operation less costly Steam turbines have steam governors which can throttle or vary the speed of the driver 18 .

Pumps & Nozzles Locations Copyright © 2007 Fluor Corporation 19 .

TOP This is a typical top suction – top discharge pump arrangement 20 .Nozzle Locations TOP .

TOP For the aboveground piping symbol all we show is a simple outline of the pump foundation along with the suction and discharge nozzles Plan view: Do not show any detail of the pump and/or driver on the piping plans 21 .Nozzle Locations TOP .

Nozzle Locations END-TOP This is a typical end suction – top discharge pump arrangement 22 .

Nozzle Locations END-TOP For the aboveground piping symbol all we show is a simple outline of the pump foundation along with the suction and discharge nozzles Plan view: Do not show any detail of the pump and/or driver on the piping plans 23 .

Nozzle Locations SIDE-SIDE This is a typical side suction – side discharge pump arrangement 24 .

Nozzle Locations SIDE-SIDE For the aboveground piping symbol all we show is a simple outline of the pump foundation along with the suction and discharge nozzles Plan view: Do not show any detail of the pump and/or driver on the piping plans 25 .

Typical Pump Locations .50001 The pump should be located as close as possible to the source of suction to minimize pressure drop. 000. Due to support availability. Vertical or horizontal vessels must be elevated high enough to allow pump suction lines to drop from the equipment to the pump without pockets or blocking passageways.Plan View - Reference: SPEC. most pumps in process areas are located under the pipe way.250. 26 . This keeps line sizes and equipment elevations to a minimum.

250. 000.50001 To identify pumps on plan drawings call out : Centerline coordinate of pump Centerline coordinate of discharge nozzle Pump tag number 27 .Piping Plan Drawing: Reference: SPEC.

Nozzle Tables Nozzle Charts Tabulates all the required piping and utility connections Give sizes and rating of the connection. Locate the connections by centerline or face elevation and coordinates 28 .

Pump Identification The Nozzle Chart is found on the Aboveground Piping Plan 29 .

Components of a Typical Pump Suction And Discharge Piping System 30 .

Typical Piping Arrangement For Centrifugal Pumps End Suction .Top Discharge Reference: Practice # 000.250.2350 31 .

Typical Piping Arrangement For Centrifugal Pumps Top Suction .Top Discharge Reference: Practice # 000.2350 32 .250.

Side Discharge Reference: Practice # 000.Typical Piping Arrangement For Centrifugal Pumps Side Suction .250.2350 33 .

2350 34 .Typical Piping Arrangement For Centrifugal Pumps Vertical In-line Reference: Practice # 000.250.

depending upon job criteria 35 .Handwheel Orientation Preferred Installation Note: Alternate installation may be required.

Handwheel Orientation Alternate Installation Note: Alternate installation may be required depending upon job criteria 36 .

Reduction At Pump Suction Reference: Practice # 000.2351 37 .250.

STRAINERS Copyright © 2007 Fluor Corporation 38 .

Strainers: 39 .

Perforated Basket Temporary Strainers 40 .

Perforated Conical Temporary Strainers 41 .

Flat Perforated Strainers 42 .

Bathtub Unit Temporary Strainers 43 .

Views & Photos Copyright © 2007 Fluor Corporation 44 .

END Suction-top Discharge Pumps Front View 45 .

SIDE Suction .SIDE Discharge Pumps Front View 46 .

SIDE Suction .SIDE Discharge Pumps Aerial View 47 .

SIDE Discharge Pumps Aerial View 48 .SIDE Suction .

TOP Discharge Pumps Piping Arrangement .END Suction .Front View 49 .

Vertical And Side-top Pumps Piping Arrangement .Side View 50 .

Vertical Pumps Piping Arrangement .Front View 51 .

ISO View 52 .Vertical Pumps Piping Arrangement .

Top Discharge REFERENCE: Shell Goal Venture – Geismar Plant 53 .Horizontal Pump End Suction .

Horizontal Pump Back View REFERENCE: Shell Goal Venture .Geismar Plant 54 .

Pump Suction.2352 .2350 .250.Reduction at Pump Suction 000.250.2360 . Conical 55 .250.250.Miscellaneous Pump Piping 000.2353 .2351 .References: Practices # 000.2040 .Pump Piping (Steam) Turbines and Reciprocating Pumps 000.250.250.Typical arrangement for Centrifugal Pumps 000.Strainers.Typical Unit Plot Arrangement 000.

Questions?? 56 .

Exercise PI-E11A 57 .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful