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Paper Reference

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6735/01

Examiner’s use only

Edexcel GCE

Team Leader’s use only

Physics
Advanced Level
Unit Test PHY5

Question Leave
Number Blank

1

Thursday 14 June 2007 – Morning
Time: 1 hour

2
3
4

Materials required for examination
Nil

Items included with question papers
Nil

5

Instructions to Candidates
In the boxes above, write your centre number, candidate number, your signature, surname and
initials.
Answer ALL questions in the spaces provided in this question paper.
In calculations you should show all the steps in your working, giving your answer at each stage.
Calculators may be used.
Include diagrams in your answers where these are helpful.

Information for Candidates
The marks for individual questions and the parts of questions are shown in round brackets.
There are five questions in this paper. The total mark for this paper is 40.
The list of data, formulae and relationships is printed at the end of this booklet.

Advice to Candidates
You will be assessed on your ability to organise and present information, ideas, descriptions and
arguments clearly and logically, taking account of your use of grammar, punctuation and spelling.

Total
This publication may be reproduced only in accordance with
Edexcel Limited copyright policy.
©2007 Edexcel Limited.
Printer’s Log. No.

N26148A
W850/R6735/57570 6/7/2/13,400

Turn over

*N26148A0116*

................................................................................38 × 106 m........................... Show how he arrives at this figure........... ............................................. ....... .................................................................... (4) (Total 7 marks) 2 *N26148A0216* Q1 .................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ....................... Height above Earth’s surface = ..................................................98 × 1024 kg and a radius of 6................................. given that the Earth has a mass of 5........................................................................................... Communication satellites are often placed in geostationary orbit................................ (3) (b) Hence............................................................................................................................... ..............................................27 × 10–5. ....................................................................... ........................................................................................................................................................................Leave blank 1.......................................................................................................................... ................... .............................................................. calculate the height of such satellites above the Earth’s surface.......................................................... .. (a) A student calculates that ω has the numerical value of 7.......... State the unit of ω.................. The speed v of a geostationary satellite is given by the expression v = ωr where r is the radius of the orbit.................................................................................................................................. or otherwise..................................................................................... .................................................... .

........... (1) (ii) At point A the distance of the alpha particle from the nucleus is 1....................................................................... ............................................................................ (1) Q2 (Total 5 marks) *N26148A0316* 3 Turn over ....... 197 79 Au................................. Leave blank B A path of alpha particle gold nucleus (i) Add to the diagram the direction of the electric force acting on the alpha particle at each of the points A and B................................................................... The diagram shows the path of an alpha particle..........................................................................................................................................................................................5 × 10–13 m...............................2................. ......................................................... (3) (iii) How does the speed of the alpha particle vary as it moves from A to B? ........... 42 He.......................................................................................... ................................................................................. Magnitude of force = ............................................................................................................. ......... ................................... as it closely approaches and then moves away from a gold nucleus.......................................................................................................................... ............................................................. ......................................................... Calculate the magnitude of the force acting on the alpha particle at this point.......................

.......................................... .. ................................................................................. The circuits are identical in every way apart from the arrangement of the capacitors... You should refer to any relevant formulae to support your explanation........... The switches S2 are then closed....................... Two circuits are set up as shown below........................................................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................ V V S1 A S1 B S2 S2 The switches S1 are closed for a few seconds and then opened................... ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... ...........Leave blank 3.................................... (1) (ii) Explain your answer in terms of the electrical energy stored by the capacitors in each box... (a) (i) State how the capacitors are connected in each box...................................................... ......................... ............................ Boxes A and B each conceal an arrangement of two identical capacitors.......................................................................... The lamp connected to box A is seen to light for longer than that connected to box B.............................................. Box A ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Box B ............................................. (4) 4 *N26148A0416* ........ ................ .......................

.................................................. State and explain what would be observed..... .......................................................... ....................................................................... ......................................................... .................................................................................................... ...... ...............................................................Leave blank (b) A large value resistor is placed in each circuit between the lamp and S2...................................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................... (2) (c) State and explain what would have been observed if the large value resistor had been connected between S1 and the cell in each circuit............................................................. The procedure described earlier in the question is then repeated................................................................... (2) Q3 (Total 9 marks) *N26148A0516* 5 Turn over ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ...........................

........................................ The lower end of the wire dips into mercury.............................. ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................Leave blank 4...................................................................................0 cm B Q C Mercury Conducting container (i) When the switch is closed the wire is seen to continually ‘kick’ out of the mercury and then return to it.... (5) 6 *N26148A0616* ........................................................................................ Explain............................................................................ A uniform magnetic field of flux density 4.................................. The arrangement is connected to a circuit at the points P and Q.......................... The diagram shows a rigid wire pivoted at the point P so that it is free to move in a vertical plane...................................................................................................................................... ... ................................ P 1..................................................................................................................... .............. ........................................................................................................................................................ ....................................... You may be awarded a mark for the clarity of your answer............................................................................. ....... with reference to the moments that act on the wire................................................................................. ...... .... ......... why it moves like this............5 cm A D Rigid wire 9.................................................................................................................................0 × 10–2 T acts over the area ABCD and is directed perpendicularly into the page................................................................ ................................

................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................... Show that the magnitude of the force is about 8 × 10–3 N. produced when the switch is closed................................................................................... ....................... (2) Q4 (Total 10 marks) *N26148A0716* 7 Turn over ........................ .......................... is 5...................................... ....................................................................................... ....................................................................................................................................................................0 × 10–4 N m.................................................................................................................................................... ..................................... .......................................... The initial moment of this force about P.................................................................................................................................. (3) (iii) Calculate the current in the circuit when the switch is closed.....................................Leave blank (ii) The electromagnetic force on the wire may be assumed to act at the midpoint of the part of the wire which lies in the magnetic field...................................................................................................................................................................... Current = .............. .......................... ............................................................................................................................. .................

............................................. He turns the bicycle upside down and spins the wheel in a vertical plane at a constant rate................. A student is experimenting with a bicycle wheel............. The diagram shows the wheel.....................f.............. is induced.........................................................m........ Direction of motion Spoke Hub Rim 60 cm Direction of motion (a) A constant e............. the Earth’s magnetic field is in a horizontal direction........................... (1) (ii) Explain why a constant e....f.............................................................................................................m............ (2) 8 *N26148A0816* .....Leave blank 5... ........................ ................................... is induced across the length of each spoke....m......................... ..........f............... At the place where the experiment is performed.............. It acts into and perpendicular to the paper............................................. (i) Label the hub and rim either plus or minus to show the polarity of the e... ........

.......... Calculate the time it takes for the wheel to complete one revolution..........................................................Leave blank (iii) The magnitude of the e............... ...... .......... is 25 μV.................................................................f............................... ........................................ (3) Q5 (Total 9 marks) TOTAL FOR PAPER: 40 MARKS END *N26148A0916* 9 ......................................................................... (i) The student turns the bicycle so that the wheel is still spinning in a vertical plane............................................................. (ii) The student causes the wheel to accelerate....................................................................................................................................................8 × 10–5 T.............m....................................................................... ............................... (iii) The student turns the bicycle so that the wheel spins in a horizontal plane........................................................................ Assume that the Earth’s magnetic flux density has a value of 2................................................................................................................................................................................................................... there would be on the magnitude of this e............................................................................................................................. ............. ................................................. ....................................................... ............................. .......................................................f..................................................... if any.................... Time = ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ ......... ... ..................................................................................................................................... but the plane is now at 45° to the Earth’s field.................. Assume the area of the hub is negligible.................. ....................................................... in each of the following cases................................. ................................... (3) (b) State and explain what effect.m.....

formulae and relationships Data c 3.11 u10 31 kg 1 eV 1.99 u10 9 N m 2 C 2 Permeability of free space P0 4S u 107 N A 2 Rectilinear motion For uniformly accelerated motion: v u  at x ut  12 at 2 v2 u 2  2ax Forces and moments Moment of F about O = F u (Perpendicular distance from F to O) Sum of clockwise moments Sum of anticlockwise moments about any point in a plane = about that point Dynamics Force Impulse F m 'v 't F 't 'p P Fv 'p 't Mechanical energy Power Radioactive decay and the nuclear atom Activity Half-life 10 A ON O t 12 0.List of data.31 J K 1 mol 1 Permittivity of free space H 0 8.60 u10 19 C Electronic mass me 9.69 *N26148A01016* (Decay constant O) .63 u10 34 J s Unified atomic mass unit u 1.60 u10 19 J Electronvolt Planck constant h 6.81m s 2 (close to the Earth) 1 Gravitational field strength g Elementary (proton) charge e 1.00 u108 m s 1 Speed of light in vacuum Gravitational constant G 6.81 N kg (close to the Earth) 9.67 u10 11 N m 2 kg 2 Acceleration of free fall g 9.85 u 10 12 F m 1 k 1/ 4S H 0 Coulomb law constant 8.66 u10 27 kg Molar gas constant R 8.

H Internal resistance r) Resistors in series R R1  R2  R3 Resistors in parallel 1 R 1 1 1   R1 R2 R3 Heating matter Change of state energy transfer l 'm (Specific latent heat or specific enthalpy change l) Heating and cooling energy transfer mc'T T /qC T/K  273 (Specific heat capacity c.m.m.f. Temperature change '7) Celsius temperature Kinetic theory of matter Temperature and energy T v Average kinetic energy of molecules Kinetic theory p 1 3 U ¢ c 2² Conservation of energy 'U Change of internal energy 'Q  'W Efficiency of energy transfer Useful output Input Heat engine T1  T2 T1 maximum efficiency Circular motion and oscillations Angular speed Z 'T 't Centripetal acceleration a v2 r Period T 1 f x x0 cos 2 Sft Simple harmonic motion: displacement (Energy transferred thermally 'Q.f. (E. Work done on body 'W) v r (Radius of circular path r) 2S Z (Frequency f ) 2Sfx0 maximum speed acceleration a (2Sf )2 x For a simple pendulum T 2S l g For a mass on a spring T 2S m k *N26148A01116* (Spring constant k) 11 Turn over .Electrical current and potential difference I nAQv Electric current P I 2R V H  Ir 6H 6IR Electric power Electrical circuits Terminal potential difference Circuit e.

Slit separation s. Fringe width x. Slits to screen distance D) Quantum phenomena E Photon model hf hf  M Maximum energy of photoelectrons hf Energy levels O de Broglie wavelength (Planck constant h.Waves Intensity I P (Distance from point source r. Power of source P) 4 Sr 2 O xs D Superposition of waves Two slit interference (Wavelength O.

(Work function M.

E1  E2 h p Observing the Universe 'O v | O c 'f f Doppler shift v Hubble law Hd (Hubble constant H) Gravitational fields Gravitational field strength for radial field g F /m g Gm / r 2 . numerically E F /Q (Gravitational constant G) Electric fields Electrical field strength for radial field E kQ / r 2 E V /d for uniform field For an electron in a vacuum tube e'V ' ( 12 mev 2 ) Capacitance 1 CV 2 2 Energy stored W Capacitors in parallel C C1  C2  C3 Capacitors in series 1 C 1 1 1   C1 C 2 C3 Time constant for capacitor discharge 12 RC *N26148A01216* (Coulomb law constant k) .

f. induced in a coil H  N ') 't (Number of turns N) Accelerators Mass-energy Force on a moving charge Analogies in physics Capacitor discharge 'E F c 2 'm BQv Q Q0 e t / RC t 12 RC Radioactive decay N O t 12 ln 2 N 0 e  Ot ln 2 Experimental physics Percentage uncertainty = Estimated uncertainty × 100% Average value Mathematics sin(90 q  T ) cos T ln( x n ) n ln x Equation of a straight line Surface area Volume ln(e kx ) kx y mx  c cylinder sphere 4 Sr 2 cylinder Sr 2 h sphere For small angles: 2Srh  2Sr 2 4 3 Sr 3 sin T | tan T | T (in radians) cosT | 1 *N26148A01316* 13 .Magnetic fields F Force on a wire BIl Magnetic flux density (Magnetic field strength) (Permeability of free space P0 ) in a long solenoid B P 0 nI near a long wire B P 0 I / 2Sr Magnetic flux ) BA E.m.

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