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Home Emergency Guide

Home Emergency Guide

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Published by manovi06
A manual that enables anyone to deal quickly and confidently with every emergency affecting the home or family. Carefully structured and colour-coded for instant access to life-saving information, it features easy-to-follow action plans and symptom charts. There is also a fill-in section for emergency contacts. Topics include: asthma; unconsciousness; bleeding; burns; convulsions; cuts; broken bones; checking breathing and pulse; giving medicines; complementary therapies; burst pipes; blocked drain; power failure; broken window; fire safety; chemical spillage; electrical problems; storms; lightening; extreme cold; torrential rain; flood; tornado; and earthquake.
A manual that enables anyone to deal quickly and confidently with every emergency affecting the home or family. Carefully structured and colour-coded for instant access to life-saving information, it features easy-to-follow action plans and symptom charts. There is also a fill-in section for emergency contacts. Topics include: asthma; unconsciousness; bleeding; burns; convulsions; cuts; broken bones; checking breathing and pulse; giving medicines; complementary therapies; burst pipes; blocked drain; power failure; broken window; fire safety; chemical spillage; electrical problems; storms; lightening; extreme cold; torrential rain; flood; tornado; and earthquake.

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Published by: manovi06 on Feb 27, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/14/2013

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NATURAL DISASTERS

UNDERSTANDING TSUNAMIS

Sea-borne disaster

Vast sea waves crash onto the shore,
causing damage and claiming lives.

•Earthquakes, underwater
landslides, or volcanic
eruptions can cause tsunamis.
•Each tsunami consists of a
series of waves travelling at
speeds of up to 600 mph
(970km/h).
•These waves are hundreds of
miles (kilometers) long but
only a few feet (about a
meter) “tall” as they travel
the ocean floor. Hence, they
cannot be detected from the
air or at sea until they near
the shore.

•Seismic activity may be the
only advance warning of an
approaching tsunami.
•As the tsunami nears the
coast, the waves slow down
and increase in height.
•Before the first wave reaches
the shore, the sea may be
dramatically “sucked” away
from the shoreline.
•Successive waves appear at
intervals of 5 to 90 minutes.
•The first wave is usually not
the largest; the following ones
cause the most damage.

2Take precautions

•Keep your car filled with fuel so
that you can drive to safety at a
moment’s notice.
•If a “tsunami watch” turns into
a “tsunami warning,” prepare to
evacuate your home.
•Coastal areas within 1 mile (1.6 km)
of the sea and less than 25ft
(7.5m) above sea level are most at
risk; make an early assessment of
the best route to higher ground.

1Be aware

•Keep alert for a “tsunami advisory”
or “tsunami watch,” and listen to
local radio stations for updates.
•Check that your planned escape
route is clear.
•Familiarize yourself with warning
signs, such as a sudden change in
the level of coastal waters.
•Tsunamis often cause severe floods;
make sure that you are prepared
to cope (p.228).

2Stay informed

•Keep listening to your radio for
updated local information and
official instructions.
•Stay inland and on high ground
until the official all-clear is given.
•Be aware that a
tsunami is not just
one wave, but a
series of waves, so
the risk of danger
may continue for
hours. People who
return to their
homes after
thefirst wave
(often not
thebiggest)
risk drowning.

243

DURING A TSUNAMI

TSUNAMI

1Get to safety

•If you are advised to evacuate,
follow all instructions carefully
and leave as quickly as possible.
•Go to your planned evacuation
place or follow instructions for a
recommended evacuation route, if
issued. Your place of safety should
be at least 100 ft (30 m) above sea
level or 2 miles (3.2 km) inland.

3Check damage

•When you are allowed to return to
your home, inspect the structure of
the building carefully for cracks or
weaknesses. Tsunami waters often
damage foundations and walls.
•Enter cautiously because there may
be hazards hidden under the water.
•Check for potential fire hazards,
such as broken gas pipes or flooded
electrical circuits.

4Stay safe

•Do not use tap water unless you
have been officially advised that
it is safe to do so.
•Open doors and windows to help
the building dry out.
•Inspect all your food and drink
supplies and throw away wet items.
•If you smell gas, turn off the supply
at the main, open your doors and
windows, and leave at once.
•If electrical wiring has become wet
or damaged, turn off the electricity
supply atthe main.

If you feel an
earthquake on the coast

•Drop to the ground, crawl to a sturdy shelter,
if possible, and put your hands over your
head to protect it.
•When the shaking stops, gather your family
and evacuate. Move inland and to higher
ground as quickly as possible: a tsunami may
be only minutes away.
•Stay away from any structures that may have
been weakened by the earthquake.
•Do not leave your place of safety until an
official all-clear has been issued.

!

DO’S AND DON’TS

DO

•Go as far inland and
as high as you can to
escape the water.
•Be careful returning
home: the tsunami
may have caused
structural damage.
•Use bottled water
until you are told that
tap water is safe.

DON’T

•Try to watch the giant
waves come ashore.
•Leave your place of
safety after the first
wave: wait for the
official all-clear before
returning home.
•Enter your home with
a nakedflame: there
may be a gas leak.

244

Once a severe natural disaster is over, life may not return to normal for some
time; in the case of an earthquake or volcanic eruption, it may be weeks before
normal life resumes. In the meantime, keep out of danger, find temporary shelter,
if necessary, and conserve food and water supplies. Check your home for damage,
and find temporary accommodation if you suspect that it may be unsound.

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