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Home Emergency Guide

Home Emergency Guide

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Published by manovi06
A manual that enables anyone to deal quickly and confidently with every emergency affecting the home or family. Carefully structured and colour-coded for instant access to life-saving information, it features easy-to-follow action plans and symptom charts. There is also a fill-in section for emergency contacts. Topics include: asthma; unconsciousness; bleeding; burns; convulsions; cuts; broken bones; checking breathing and pulse; giving medicines; complementary therapies; burst pipes; blocked drain; power failure; broken window; fire safety; chemical spillage; electrical problems; storms; lightening; extreme cold; torrential rain; flood; tornado; and earthquake.
A manual that enables anyone to deal quickly and confidently with every emergency affecting the home or family. Carefully structured and colour-coded for instant access to life-saving information, it features easy-to-follow action plans and symptom charts. There is also a fill-in section for emergency contacts. Topics include: asthma; unconsciousness; bleeding; burns; convulsions; cuts; broken bones; checking breathing and pulse; giving medicines; complementary therapies; burst pipes; blocked drain; power failure; broken window; fire safety; chemical spillage; electrical problems; storms; lightening; extreme cold; torrential rain; flood; tornado; and earthquake.

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Published by: manovi06 on Feb 27, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/14/2013

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SIGNS & SYMPTOMS

•Sharp chest pain often
extending down left arm
•Nausea and vomiting
•Feeling faint and breathless
•Gray skin and blueish lips
•Pulse that quickens and
then weakens

1Make victim
comfortable

•Raise the victim’s shoulders so that
he is half-sitting and support him
with cushions or pillows.
•Bend his knees and support them
with more pillows.
•Reassure him and keep him as
calm as possible.

2Summon help

•Dial 911 or call EMS. Tell the
dispatcher that you are with
someone who is probably
havingaheart attack.
•Call the victim’s doctor, if youare
requested to do so.

3Help with
medication

•If the victim has medication for
angina, help her take it.

4Monitor condition

•Keep the victim calm and rested.
•Check and record the victim’s
breathing (p.68), pulse (p.68), and
level of consciousness (p.12) until
medical help arrives.

Important

•Do not allow the victim to eat or drink.
•If the victim falls unconscious, open his
airway, check breathing, and be prepared
to begin resuscitation (pp.12–20).

Prop up legs
with cushions
or pillows

Support victim’s
back with cushions
or pillows

!

26FIRST AID

Important

•Do not use a preventive inhaler
during an attack.
•If the victim becomes unconscious,
openher airway, check breathing,
andbe prepared to begin
resuscitation (pp.12–20).

Call an ambulance if

•This is the first attack and the victim
does not have an inhaler.
•The asthma does not improve after
two doses of reliever inhaler.
•The victim is exhausted and is finding
breathing increasingly difficult.

2Provide
medication

•Give the victim her reliever inhaler,
and ask herto take a dose.
•If the victim is a child, he or
shemay need to have a spacer
attached to the inhaler (p.167).
•The effect of the inhaler should
beobvious within minutes if it
is a mild asthma attack.

During an asthma attack, muscle contractions cause
the airways of the lungs to narrow, leading to
swelling and inflammation of the airways’ linings.
This results in difficulty breathing, which can be
life-threatening. The aims of first-aid treatment for an
asthma attack are to help the victim to breathe and
to seek medical help if symptoms do not improve.

TREATING AN ASTHMA ATTACK

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