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Home Emergency Guide

Home Emergency Guide

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Published by manovi06
A manual that enables anyone to deal quickly and confidently with every emergency affecting the home or family. Carefully structured and colour-coded for instant access to life-saving information, it features easy-to-follow action plans and symptom charts. There is also a fill-in section for emergency contacts. Topics include: asthma; unconsciousness; bleeding; burns; convulsions; cuts; broken bones; checking breathing and pulse; giving medicines; complementary therapies; burst pipes; blocked drain; power failure; broken window; fire safety; chemical spillage; electrical problems; storms; lightening; extreme cold; torrential rain; flood; tornado; and earthquake.
A manual that enables anyone to deal quickly and confidently with every emergency affecting the home or family. Carefully structured and colour-coded for instant access to life-saving information, it features easy-to-follow action plans and symptom charts. There is also a fill-in section for emergency contacts. Topics include: asthma; unconsciousness; bleeding; burns; convulsions; cuts; broken bones; checking breathing and pulse; giving medicines; complementary therapies; burst pipes; blocked drain; power failure; broken window; fire safety; chemical spillage; electrical problems; storms; lightening; extreme cold; torrential rain; flood; tornado; and earthquake.

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Published by: manovi06 on Feb 27, 2009
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01/14/2013

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It is important to familiarize yourself with the
normal look and feel of your breasts so that you
areable to detect any changes in them (see Breasts:
self-examination, p.69). Most breast problems are
not serious, but consult your doctor if you notice any
changes. Minor conditions clearly related to breast-
feeding usually respond well to simple treatments.

FAMILY ILLNESS

Breastfeeding

Not
breastfeeding

Are you
breastfeeding
a baby?

START

In the breast

On the nipple

Where is the
problem?

Tender only
when feeding

Tender and
painful all
the time

How is
yournipple
affected?

Single lump in
the breast

Discharge from
the nipple

Breasts feel
tender

Breasts feel
lumpy and hard

None of
theabove

A nipple has
changed in
appearance

What is the
nature of your
breast problem?

ACTION

MAKE AN APPOINTMENT

TO SEE YOUR DOCTOR

Discharge from the
nipple may be caused
by a local infection or
a hormonal problem.
However, the possibility
of breast cancer needs
to be ruled out.

ACTION

MAKE AN APPOINTMENT

TO SEE YOUR DOCTOR

ifyou cannot identify
a possible cause for
your breast problem
from this chart.

ACTION

MAKE AN APPOINTMENT

TO SEE YOUR DOCTOR

ifyou cannot identify
a possible cause for
your breast problem
from this chart.

ACTION

MAKE AN APPOINTMENT

TO SEE YOUR DOCTOR

These symptoms may
be caused by minor
problems that are easily
treatable or that need
no treatment. However,
such changes must be
investigated promptly
to rule out the chance
of breast cancer.

Small, hard
lump in breast

Redness of part or
all of one breast

None of
theabove

Swollen, hard, and
tender breasts

What is the
nature of your
symptoms?

BREAST PROBLEMS

155

ACTION

MAKE AN APPOINTMENT

TO SEE YOUR DOCTOR

if the lump has not
disappeared within a
week or if the breast
becomes painful or red.
The lump may be
caused by a blocked
milk duct.

ACTION

SEE YOUR DOCTOR

WITHIN 24 HOURS

Youmay have mastitis
(a breast infection
causing inflammation)
or even a breast abscess,
particularly if you are
also not feeling well.
•Continue to
breastfeed from both
of your breasts.

ACTION

TRY SELF-HELP MEASURES

Overfull breasts are
common, especially
when you first start
breastfeeding and your
milk supply has not
yet adjusted to your
baby’s needs.
•Continue to
breastfeed your baby
at regular intervals.
•Take an analgesic
such as acetaminophen.
•Place a heating pad
or covered hot-water
bottle on the affected
breast(s).

CONSULT YOUR DOCTOR

or breastfeeding
adviser if you are
concerned.

ACTION

MAKE AN APPOINTMENT

TO SEE YOUR DOCTOR

ifyou are concerned.
The problem may
simply be the result
ofhormonal changes
associated with the
menstrual cycle that can
lead to premenstrual
breast tenderness.

ACTION

MAKE AN APPOINTMENT

TO SEE YOUR DOCTOR

Breast tenderness is
common during
pregnancy. If you are
not sure whether you
are pregnant, perform
a home pregnancy test.

ACTION

MAKE AN APPOINTMENT

TO SEE YOUR DOCTOR

ifyou cannot identify
a possible cause for
your breast problem
from this chart.

ACTION

TRY SELF-HELP MEASURES

This problem may be a
result of your baby not
latching on to your
nipple properly.
•Make sure that your
baby takes the nipple
and the surrounding
area into his or her
mouth properly.

CONSULT YOUR DOCTOR

or breastfeeding
adviser if you are still
having problems when
you use the correct
feeding technique.

ACTION

TRY SELF-HELP MEASURES

Your symptoms may
be due to cracked
nipples, usually caused
by your baby not
latching on properly.
•Keep your nipples
dry between feedings
and use moisturizing
cream.

CONSULT YOUR DOCTOR

or breastfeeding
adviser if the problem
persists or makes
breastfeeding difficult.

You are due to
menstruate
within 10 days

Neither

You might
bepregnant

Does either of
the following
apply?

Are your
menstrual
periods more
painful than
usual?

No worse
thanusual

Worse
than usual

Have you had an
unusual vaginal
discharge
between periods?

No discharge

Discharge

Do you have
an intrauterine
contraceptive
device (IUD)?

IUD

No IUD

Have your
menstrual periods
become heavier
or longer?

Heavier

Longer

Neither

156FAMILY ILLNESS

Menstrual period pain

Many women experience mild cramping pain in the
lower abdomen during menstruation. This pain is
considered normal unless it interferes with everyday
activities; it can usually be relieved by an analgesic.
If you regularly have severe pain or if your periods
become unusually painful, consult your doctor to
rule out the possibility of infection or disorder.

START

ACTION

SEE YOUR DOCTOR

WITHIN 24 HOURS

Youcould have pelvic
inflammatory disease,
which causes infection
in the reproductive
organs.

ACTION

TRY SELF-HELP MEASURES

Some pain experienced
during your menstrual
period is quite normal.
•Take an analgesic
such as ibuprofen.

MAKE AN APPOINTMENT

TO SEE YOUR DOCTOR

if pain interferes with
normal activities.

ACTION

MAKE AN APPOINTMENT

TO SEE YOUR DOCTOR

An increase in
menstrual pain is a side
effect of some IUDs.

ACTION

MAKE AN APPOINTMENT

TO SEE YOUR DOCTOR

You may have fibroids
(noncancerous tumors
in the uterus) or
endometriosis. This is
a condition in which
the tissue that usually
lines the uterus
becomes attached to
other organs in the
abdomen and bleeds
during menstruation.

ACTION

MAKE AN APPOINTMENT

TO SEE YOUR DOCTOR

ifyou cannot identify
a possible cause for
your menstrual pain
from this chart.

Lower abdominal
pain between
menstrual periods

Fever

None of
theabove

Lower back pain
between periods

Have you had
any of the
following?

Are your
menstrual
periods more
painful than
usual?

More painful

The same or
less painful

Are your
menstrual
periods heavier
or longer than
usual?

About the same

Heavier
or longer

Do you have
an intrauterine
contraceptive
device (IUD)?

IUD

No IUD

Have you had a
single heavy
menstrual period
that was later
than usual?

Yes

No

157

MENSTRUAL PERIOD PAIN•HEAVY MENSTRUAL PERIODS

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