You are on page 1of 5

AP#ART#HISTORY! ! ! Mrs.!Dill,!La!Jolla!High!

School#
!

CHAPTER#29:#EUROPE#AND#AMERICA,#170081800#

! ROCOCO:#THE#FRENCH#TASTE# # List!four!adjectives!that!describe!the!type!of!art!created!for!the!eighteenth>century!French!aristocracy:! ! a.! !Frivolous ! ! b.!!!!Playful ! ! ! ! c.! !Elegant ! ! d.!!! Delicate ! !! ! Compare!the!photographs!of!the!Salon!de!la!Princess!of!the!Hotel!de!Soubise!(FIG!29>2)!and!the!Galerie!des! Glaces!de!Versailles!(FIG.!25>33).!List!three!adjectives!or!phrases!that!describe!each:! ! Salon!de!la!Princess! Galerie!des!Glaces! ! !

! !! ! One!of!the!best!examples!of!French!Rococo!architecture,!known!as!the!Amalienburg!was!built!near!Munich,! Germany.!It!was!designed!by!Franois!de!Cuvills.!!List!three!Rococo!features!of!this!small!building:! a.!! ! b.!! ! c.!! ! What!is!a!fte#galant?!! ! ! What!two!seventeenth>century!artists!inspired!the!debate!in!eighteenth>century!France!between!the! advantages!of!color!as!the!most!important!element!in!painting!and!those!of!form?! ! ! Color:!!______________________________! Form:!!______________________________! ! !! ! Which!element!did!Watteau!consider!to!be!the!most!important?!!______________________________! ! ! ! List!four!characteristics!of!Watteaus!Return'from'Cythera!(FIG.!29>6)!that!are!typical!of!Rococo!art!in!general:! a.!! ! b.!! ! c.!! ! ! ! d.!!

! List!three!Baroque!devices!used!by!Boucher!in!Cupid'a'Captive!(FIG.!29>7):! ! a.!! ! b.!! ! c.!! ! In!what!way!does!Fragonards!The'Swing!(FIG.!29>1)!typify!a!Rococo!intrigue!picture?! ! ! ! ! ! Name!a!sculptor!who!worked!in!The!Rococo!style:!______________________________! ! ! ! List!three!characteristics!of!his!work:! a.! ! ! b.! ! ! c.! ! ! ! THE#ENLIGHTENMENT# ! Identify!the!following:! Newton! ! Locke! Diderot! Voltaire! ! ! !

! What!is!meant!by!the!Age!of!Enlightenment,!and!how!did!it!affect!the!role!of!art?! ! !! ! ! ! List!two!ways!in!which!European!art!was!changed!as!a!result!of!the!scientific!and!technological!advances!made! from!the!end!of!the!eighteenth!through!the!early!nineteenth!centuries?!! a.! ! ! b.! ! ! ! In!what!ways!does!Wright!of!Derbys!Philosopher'Giving'a'Lecture'at'the'Orrery!(FIG.!29>10)!reflect!the! scientific!view!of!the!universe?! ! !

! ! ! Would!this!painting!be!considered!as!an!appropriate!subject!for!Poussins!Grand!Manner?!! ! ! ! Why!or!why!not?! ! ! Describe!the!type!of!lighting!that!was!often!used!by!Joseph!Wright!of!Derby:! !!!!!! ! ! ! ! What,!according!to!Rousseau,!had!corrupted!the!natural!man?! ! ! How!did!his!views!differ!from!those!of!Voltaire?! ! ! ! What!effect!did!Rousseaus!views!have!on!eighteenth>century!French!art?! ! ! ! The!French!painter!Elisabeth!Louise!Vige>Lebrune!specialized!in!______________________________.! !! ! In!contrast!to!Rococo!artificiality,!the!style!of!her!self>portrait!(FIG.!29>14)!can!be!described!as:!! ! ! What!type!of!subject!matter!did!Hogarth!portray?! ! ! Although!Gainsborough!preferred!to!paint!landscapes,!he!is!best!known!for!his!_________________________.!! Briefly!describe!his!style:! ! ! For!what!type!of!portraits!is!Sir!Joshua!Reynolds!most!famous?!

! ! How!does!Copleys!portrait!of!Paul'Revere!(FIG.!29>19)!differ!from!contemporary!British!and!continental! portraits?! ! ! ! ! What!is!a!veduta!painting?! ! ! # NEOCLASSICISM!

! ! ! !

Neoclassicism!was!stimulated!by!the!excavation!of!the!Roman!cities!of!________________________and!! ! ! ____________________________in!the!mid!18th!century.! ! Angelica!Kauffmann!combined!two!styles!in!her!work.!What!were!they?! ! ! !! ! What!is!the!importance!of!the!subject!matter!in!the!Oath'of'the'Horatii!(FIG.!29>23)?! ! ! ! ! List!two!Neoclassical!stylistic!features!that!are!found!in!that!work:! ! a.!!! ! ! b.!!! ! Briefly!explain!the!politics!behind!Davids!Death'of'Marat!(FIG.!29>24):! ! ! ! ! What!provided!the!inspiration!for!Soufflots!design!for!the!church!of!Ste.!Genevieve!(now!the!Pantheon)!in! Paris!(FIG.!29>25)?!! ! ! ! Chiswick!House!was!designed!by!__________________________!and!______________________________.! ! ! ! List!four!of!its!stylistic!features:! ! a.! ! b.!! ! c.!! ! ! ! d.!! ! Name!two!buildings!that!apparently!influenced!Jeffersons!designs!for!Monticello:! ! ! a.! ! ! b.!!!!!!! ! Why!did!Jefferson!believe!that!the!Neoclasssic!style!was!appropriate!for!the!architecture!of!the!new!American! republic?!

DISCUSSION#QUESTIONS##Select#one#to#write#about# ! Compare!Fragonards!The'Swing!(FIG.!29>1)!with!Bronzinos!Cupid,'Folly'and'Time!(FIG!22>44).!Although! both!works!have!strong!erotic!overtones,!they!are!very!different!in!their!emotional!effects.!What!makes! one!Rococo!and!the!other!Mannerist?! ! Discuss!the!influence!of!Palladian!classicism!on!eighteenth>century!architecture.! ! Compare!Benjamin!Wests!Death'of'General'Wolfe!(FIG.!29>18)!with!el!Grecos!Burial'of'Count'of'Orgaz! (FIG.!23>25).!Note!stylistic!similarities!and!differences!and!explain!the!iconographic!features!that!make! one!a!Baroque!painting!and!the!other!a!product!of!the!Enlightenment.!! ! Compare!Watteaus!Return'from'Cythera!(FIG.!29>6)!with!Wright!of!Derbys!A'Lecture'at'the'Orrery!(FIG.! 29>10),!and!Greuzes!Village'Bride!(FIG.!29>13).!!What!is!the!style!and!the!social!message!of!each?!Which! do!you!feel!is!most!effective!with!getting!that!message!across?!Why?! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !