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An Overview of AVU

Prepared by AVU CORE GROUP


Paradip Refinery
A Sunrise Project for A Sunshine Future

BRIEF DESCRIPTION
LICENSOR : M/s FOSTER WHEELER. M/s ESSAR M/s Aker power gas Pvt. Ltd 15 MMTPA 8320 HRS./YR LSTK contractor : DETAIL ENGG : CAPACITY
:

On stream factor :

OBJECTIVE :

Distills crude into different fractions on basis of its boiling point.

It provides feed to secondary units like DHDT, CCR, VGO-HDT, ALKYLATION and DCU so it is called as a mother unit .

Paradip Refinery

A Sunrise Project for A Sunshine Future

FEED & PRODUCTS


FEEDSTOCKS: 1. Light crude : 50wt% Basarah Light, 50wt% Oman Export. 2. Heavy crude : 60wt% Kuwait Export, 40wt% Maya. PRODUCTS:
S. No 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Product GAS LPG SR NAPHTHA KERO AGO (LAGO+ HAGO) VAC.DIESEL LVGO HVGO VR Cut Range ( C) C1-C2 C3-C4 C5-178 178-223/162-212 223-350/212-349 350-368/349-368 368-550/368-546 550-578/546-562 578+ Usage Internal fuel Domestic fuel Gas Feed to NHDT Domestic fuel HSD Component HSD Component Feed to VGO-HDT Feed to VGO-HDT Feed to DCU

Paradip Refinery

A Sunrise Project for A Sunshine Future

PRODUCT YIELD
Light Crude (50/50 Oman/Basrah) MT/HR WT% 1802.5 100 2.1 0.12 19.1 1.06 327.2 18.15 130 7.21 320 17.75 Heavy Crude (60/40 Kuwait/Maya) MT/HR WT% 1802.5 100.0 1.5 0.1 11.6 0.6 248.4 13.8 130 7.2 305.3 16.9

CRUDE GAS LPG NAPHTHA KERO LAGO HAGO


Vacuum Diesel LVGO HVGO VR Vent Gas Hot Well Oil

50
59 481.8 58 350.5 1.7 3.1

2.77
3.27 26.73 3.22 19.45 0.09 0.17

50
47.9 434 39.8 529 1.8 3.2

2.8 2.7 24.1 2.2 29.3 0.1 0.2

Paradip Refinery

A Sunrise Project for A Sunshine Future

PROCESS SECTIONS
1st Preheat Train Desalter section 2nd Preheat Train & Preflash Drum 3rd Preheat Train

Crude Charge Furnace


Crude Distillation Column VDU Furnace VDU Column

Vacuum Overhead Section


Naphtha Stabilizer De-ethanizer De-propanizer

Fuel Gas Treatment section


Sour Gas Treatment section

Paradip Refinery

A Sunrise Project for A Sunshine Future

PFD
CWR

Reflux Drum
116OC 1.2 Kg/Cm2g Desalter 2nd Preheat Train 130 C
O

Recontactor Drum
SWS

CWS TPA 116OC

Fuel Gas Via Amine Trt.

Crude Distillation Column

Kero Stripper

1stPreheat 180OC Train Crude O 35 C 35 Kg/Cm2g 3rdPreheat Train 301OC

3.5 Kg/Cm2g 175OC

192OC

Atm. Residue To VDU Ejector System 60OC 17mmHg 115 C


O

Vaccum Charge Heater 402 C


O

Recycle Quench

Paradip Refinery

Crude Flash drum

Reflux Drum Kerosene/ ATF Product

KTU

72 C

Reflux Drum 65OC

LAGO Stripper

Naphtha Stabiliser

253OC

De-ethaniser

FG

LAGO to DHDT 310OC

HAGO Stripper

367OC Crude Charge Heater

45OC

Reflux Drum

De-propaniser

HAGO to DHDT

Stable Naphtha to NHDT/storage

C3 to LPG Storage

C4 to Alkylation Unit Vaccum Diesel to DHDT/Storage C4 to LPG Storage

SR LPG treater

252OC Vaccum Distillation Column 349OC

LVGO to VGOHDT/Storage

HVGO to VGO-HDT/ Storage

354OC

Vaccum Residue to DCU

A Sunrise Project for A Sunshine Future

THANK YOU

Paradip Refinery

A Sunrise Project for A Sunshine Future

SCHEMATIC PROCESS FLOW


Crude (201-TK-001 to 0011) Water 1st Preheat Train Naphtha Stabilizer Naphtha CDU Column KERO LAGO HAGO AR De ethanizer Off gas Desalter 2nd Preheat Train Pre flash Vessel Lighters to C-001

CDU Furnace
Vent Gas

3rd Preheat Train


Sour Gas AmineTreating Vacuum Ejector

VDU Furnace

VDU Column
Hot Well Oil Drum VD LVGO HVGO VR Sweet FG Hot Well Oil

SR LPG Treater C3 LPG

De propanizer

Off Gas AmineTreating

C4 LPG

Paradip Refinery

A Sunrise Project for A Sunshine Future

1st PREHEAT TRAIN


VACUUM ANTI-FOULANT DIESEL TPA AGO TO C-001 AGO LVGO PRODUCT E-102 E-103 E-104B E-104A KERO PA E-108 E-101D CRUDE DEMUSIFIER E-106 CRUDE TO V-102 A E-107

E-104C

VACUUM DIESEL ANTI-FOULANT

AGO PRODUCT TPA E-204 B LVGO PRODUCT AGO

E-202

E-203

E-204 A

E-207 KERO PA E208 E-206

CRUDE TO V-202 A

E-204 D

E-204 C

Paradip Refinery

A Sunrise Project for A Sunshine Future

1st PREHEAT TRAIN


Exchangers E-102/202 E-103/203 E-104 /204 A-D E-107/207 E-106/206 E-108/208 Crude Inlet/Outlet temperature Crude flow in each Train Hot Service Vacuum Diesel AGO Product TPA AGO Product Kero PA VGO Product Crude Preheat Gain(oC) 10 oC 7 oC 50 oC 19 oC 19 oC 9oC 35/130oC 901 T/hr

Paradip Refinery

A Sunrise Project for A Sunshine Future

DESALTER
Two-stage electric Desalters have been provided in two parallel trains
Pre-Desalted Crude Specification
De-emulsifier

Water and Sediment content


Crude to E-128 Crude Ex E-108
DESALTER WATER

: 0.5 Vol% max

10-V-102 A

10-V-102 B

Normal/Maximum Salt content : 10/40 PTB

Desalted crude specification


AGO E-116 STRIPPED SOUR WATER SERVICE WATER

Free water and sediment content : 0.2 vol% max


P-102 A/B

Crude salt content

: 0.7 PTB max

E-113 A/B WCR DES. EFFLUENT TO ETP E-152 TO TRAIN 2

V-001

VGO COALESCER WATER P 001 A/B Crude to E-228

PARAMETER

VALUE

Crude Ex E-208
DESALTER WATER

10-V-202 A

10-V-202 B

Crude Inlet Temp.


Pressure

130oC
20.4 Kg/Cm2g 8.0 Vol% of Crude 130oC

AGO E-216

Wash Water Injection Rate


P-202 A/B

E-213 A/B E-252

Wash Water Temp.

DES. EFFLUENT TO ETP

From P-001 A/B WCR

Paradip Refinery

A Sunrise Project for A Sunshine Future

2nd PREHEAT TRAIN & PREFLASH DRUM


Crude Ex 10-V-102 A (2ND STAGE) AGO E-128 TO 10-C-001 LAGO PA E-118B E-118A E-131 KERO PA E-117 VGO VR

E-118D

E-118C Crude Ex 10-V-202 A (2ND STAGE) AGO KERO PA E-231 VGO E-228 VR E-217

V-003

LAGO PA E-218B

E-218A

E-218D

P-003 A/B/C FLASHED CRUDE

E-218C

Paradip Refinery

A Sunrise Project for A Sunshine Future

2nd PREHEAT TRAIN & PREFLASH DRUM


2nd Preheat Train
Exchangers Hot Service 010-E-128 AGO Product 010-E-131 Kero PA 010-E-117 VR 010-E-119 LAGO PA 010-E-118 A-F VGO Crude Inlet/Outlet Temperature Crude Flow in each Train Crude Preheat Gain(oC) 5oC 18oC 14oC 16oC 32oC 130oC/ 180oC 901 T/hr

Preflash Drum
Height (TL/TL) Diameter Temp. 12.5 m 10.7m 175oC

Pressure Paradip Refinery

3.5 Kg/Cm2g

A Sunrise Project for A Sunshine Future

3rd PREHEAT TRAIN


VR AGO HAGO PA VR E-229 E-232 E-226 E-227 A TO E VGO

E-227 F-K HAGO PA FLASHED CRUDE E-222 A/B E-223 A/B E-224 A/B/C PREFLASHED CRUDE TO F-201 E-222 C/D VR PREFLASHED CRUDE TO F-101 HVGO PA

AGO

HAGO PA

VR

E-129

E-132

E-126

E-127 A TO E

VGO

HAGO PA

E-127 F-K HVGO PA

E-123 A/B E-122 A/B

E-124 A/B/C

E-122 C/D

Paradip Refinery

A Sunrise Project for A Sunshine Future

3rd PREHEAT TRAIN


Exchangers
010-E-122 010-E-123 A/B 010-E-124 A/B VGO HAGO PA HVGO

Hot Service

Crude Preheat Gain(oC)


45oC 25oC 46oC

010-E-129 010-E-132
010-E-126 010-E-127 A-H Crude Inlet /Outlet Temp. Crude Flow in each Train

AGO Product HAGO PA


Vacuum Residue Vacuum Residue

20oC 25oC
10oC 100oC 176/301 oC 872 T/hr

Paradip Refinery

A Sunrise Project for A Sunshine Future

CRUDE CHARGE HEATER


Total two no. of furnaces ,one for each train

Tag No.
Manufacturer Type Firing No. of passes Heat Absorbed Duty No. of Burners Crude Inlet/Outlet Temp.

: 010-F-101/201
: Petron Engineering Construction Ltd. : Vertical Tube High Intensity Box Heater with Balanced Draft : Duel Firing(FO/FG) :8 : 66.42 MMKcal/hr (Including LP/MP Superheating & WHB) :16 : 300/366 oC

Paradip Refinery

A Sunrise Project for A Sunshine Future

CDU COLUMN
116oC 1.2 Kg/Cm2g

OVHD VAPOUR TO AC-007 SIDE CUT NAPTHA TO P-014 A/B/C 98oC 2100 T/hr TPA WET CRUDE E-104 A-D 132oC P-004 A/B/C 315 T/hr DESALTED CRUDE E-131 WET CRUDE E-106

SH LP STRIPPING STEAM KEROSENE


PRODCUT

C-002

KERO PA 010-C-001 193oC P-005 A/B 730 T/hr NAPTHA STAB. BTM.

DESALTED CRUDE E-119 DEETH. BTM. E-038 DEPROP. BTM.

P-008 A/B SH LP STRIPPING STEAM WET CRUDE E-116 WET CRUDE E-128 FLASHED CRUDE AGO E-103 DESALTING E-107 A-D DESALTED E-129 CRUDE WATER LAGO C-003

LAGO PA P-006 A/B FLASHED CRUDE 249oC 650 T/hr E-132 A/B HAGO PA P-009 A/B SH LP STRIPPING STEAM HAGO C-008 P-030 A/B
349/366 C 1.65Kg/Cm2g
o

E-043

E-047

FLASHED CRUDE E-123 A/B HEATED CRUDE FROM F-201 325oC SH LP STRIPPING STEAM

FLASHED VAPOUR FROM V-003 HEATED CRUDE FROM F-101

P-029 A/B

356oC

ATM. RESIDUETO F-002

P-007 A/B/C

Paradip Refinery

A Sunrise Project for A Sunshine Future

CDU COLUMN
Parameter Height (T/T) Dia. No. of Trays Value 58.95 m 9.6 m 46 Product Overhead Vapor Side Cut Naphtha Kerosene Draw Temp. oC 116 98 192

Top/Bottom Temp.
Top/Bottom Pressure

116/355 oC
1.2/2.3 Kg/Cm2g

LAGO
HAGO AR

253
310 356

PUMP AROUND
Pump Around Top Pump Around Kerosene LAGO HAGO Flow (T/hr) Light/Heavy Crude 2100 327/315 792/730 644/650 Return Temp. (oC) Light/Heavy Crude 96/98 143/132 195/193 247/249

Paradip Refinery

A Sunrise Project for A Sunshine Future

VACUUM FURNACE
Tag No : 010-F-002

Manufacturer
Type Firing No. of passes Heat Absorbed Duty No. of Burners RCO Inlet/Outlet Temp

: Petron Engineering Construction Ltd.


:Horizontal Double Cabin Heater with Balanced Draft : Duel Firing(FO/FG) : 12 : 73.78 MMKcal/hr (Including LP/MP Superheating & WHB) : 20 : 356/399 oC

Paradip Refinery

A Sunrise Project for A Sunshine Future

VACUUM COLUMN
AQUEOUS AMMONIA CORROSION INHIBITOR 44/42oC 540/510T/hr 115/114 C 010-P-021 A/B TRAIN 2 186/184oC 1015/960T/hr VACCUM DIESEL PDT. TO DIESEL HDT
o

WCS

WCR 010-AC--016 E-039 A/B WET CRUDE E-102 010-AC--014

OVERHEADS TO 010-EJ-001 A/B/C

VACUUM DIESEL

VACCUM DIESEL PDT. TO DHDT

010-AC-015 LVGO

VGO & HVGO TO STORAGE VGO & HVGO TO VGO HDT

250/252oC P-022 A-C 281/280oC 700/680T/hr FLASHED CRUDE

E-122 DESALTED CRUDE

E-118 A-F

E-108 TRAIN 2

WET CRUDE

MP STEAM 010-C-007 345/349oC P-023 A-C WASH OIL FLASHED CRUDE TRAIN 2 BFW HVGO E-124 A/B

LP STEAM

E-149 BFW

E-150

HEATED AR EX F-002

RECYCLE Oil TO 010-F-002

010-P-024 A/B SH STRIPPING STEAM 365oC 265oC QUENCH FLASHED CRUDE FLASHED CRUDE E-127 A-K 010-P-025 A/B/C TRAIN 2 DESALTED CRUDE E-126 E-117 BFW LP STEAM

VR TO DCU

354oC

VR

TO STORAGE E-151 A-C TRAIN 2

Paradip Refinery

A Sunrise Project for A Sunshine Future

VACUUM COLUMN
Parameter Height Dia. No. of Trays Top/Bottom Temp. Value 53.51 m 14.2 m 11 60/356 oC PA

PUMP AROUND
Flow(T/hr) Light/Heavy Crude Temp.oC Light/Heavy Crude

Top/Bottom Pressure
Products Overhead Vapor Vacuum Diesel

17/40 mm Hg
Draw Temp. oC 60 114

Vacuum Diesel
LVGO PA HVGO PA

540/510
1015/960 700/680

44/42
186/184 281/280

LVGO HVGO
VR

252 349
354

Paradip Refinery

A Sunrise Project for A Sunshine Future

THANK YOU

Paradip Refinery

A Sunrise Project for A Sunshine Future