careers & education

A P U B L I C AT I O N O F T H E S U N D A Y N E W S | MARCH 4, 2012

2 • MARCH 4, 2012

CAREERS & EDUCATION

Lancaster, P a.

Agricultural career opportunities abound
A career in agriculture can prove richly rewarding. The opportunities to work in the agriculture industry stretch beyond the farm and into the corporate world. The following are a few of the paths men and women with a passion for agriculture can pursue. * Business: Agriculture is big business, and the industry has many opportunities for those who want to pursue a career in business. Farmers and producers of agricultural products need someone to draft contracts for their agreements with the large corporations who distribute those products. In addition, purchasing agents and agricultural financiers are just two of the many career opportunities that enable men and women to work on the business side of agriculture. * Social service: The agricultural industry also has positions of social service. In addition to food inspector, who ensures agricultural products are safe for human consumption, social service positions within the agricultural industry include environmental consultant and conservation officer. Men and women can also work to develop programs that encourage youngsters to pursue careers in the agricultural industry. * Production: Of course, the agricultural industry has a host of careers for those who want to get their hands dirty. Farms need to be plowed, seeds must be planted and fertilized and farms need to be well-

maintained to continue operating efficiently and effectively. Though technology has taken the place of many agricultural production positions, there are still many opportunities out there for those who want to work under the sun. * Education: Those who want to share their love of agriculture can put their skills to work in the classroom. Instructors can train the next generation at the university or high school level, ensuring today’s farms are left in good hands tomorrow.

Dual admission offered at HACC
By Diane Bitting Special Features Writer In addition to offering transferable associate degrees, Harrisburg Area Community College (HACC), offers dual admission with 13 other institutions. A student can be admitted to both HACC and, for instance, Temple University, and then go directly to that institution after completing an associate degree. HACC’s Lancaster campus offers dual enrollment for specific bachelor’s degrees with four institutions: Albright College, crime and justice; Immaculata College, health care management and nursing; Millersville University,

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education/general studies; and Elizabethtown College, business administration. Students can stay at HACC for the entire program, usually taking four years, with higherlevel courses in those majors taught by outside faculty at HACC’s campus. Students can take HACC’s general education credits, such as English and social science, at a lower cost, but must pay a higher fee for the specialized courses. Upon completion, a student will have earned an associate degree from HACC and a bachelor’s degree from the other institution. For information, visit www. hacc.edu.
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CAREERS & EDUCATION

MARCH 4, 2012 • 3

Explore healthcare careers
Unemployment rates may still be high and the opportunities out there in specific careers might be waning, but there is one job sector that may be promising — healthcare. Statistics from the U.S. Department of Labor indicate that 3.2 million jobs will be created by 2018 in the healthcare industry. Other forecasters say that with an aging population who will provide the demand for healthcare workers, jobs in * Registered nurse: Nurses the health sector make sense as are often the unsung heroes of a stable career option. Plus there the healthcare industry. Though are more opportunities for hire. doctors may get all the glory, it’s often nurses who provide But what healthcare jobs are the much-needed, behind-theout there for those who don’t scenes care that complements currently have a medical degree a doctor’s expertise. Applicants nor the time to devote to a long can consider earning a 2-year education or much additional associates degree in nursing to schooling? As it turns out, get started in the field and then plenty. continue their education and certification as they advance. * Dental assistant: This According to the Bureau of career is one of the fastest- Labor Statistics, the average growing careers in healthcare, according to industry experts. While formal schooling may not be needed and some dentists train on-site, there is more opportunity for those who have completed a training program. Some dental assistant diploma or certificate programs can be completed in as little as a year. The median expected salary for a typical dental assistant in the United States is $32,969. salary of a registered nurse in the United States is $67,720.

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* Pharmacy technician: The world of pharmaceuticals continues to grow. A 2009 story in Forbes magazine indicated that 11.6 prescriptions are issued per person in the U.S. each year. West Virginia is the state with the highest number of scripts per capita. With so many prescriptions issued each year, the demand for pharmacy employees is increasing. Assistants can generally complete a certificate program which may be as short as 6 months. Pharmacy techs earn Jobs in healthcare are predicted to continue to grow for at an average salary of $32,600, least the next six years. according to Salary.com. ability to care for themselves. range from $35,000 to $60,000. Hospice care is often end-of* Hospice care worker: life care and requires a special Students who have just Whether providing home level of devotion from workers. begun college and are not yet hospice care or working in a Depending on the program, a in the job market may want to facility, these workers provide bachelor’s degree in nursing consider fine tuning their majors support and assistance to the and a state certification may be to coordinate with a career in elderly or individuals with all that’s necessary to become a healthcare. illnesses that restrict their hospice technician. Salaries can

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4 • MARCH 4, 2012

CAREERS & EDUCATION

Lancaster, P a.

LBC expands offerings, community connections
By Rochelle A. Shenk Special Features Writer Lancaster Bible College (LBC) has seen a number of changes in the past decade. The college has enhanced its Manheim Township campus through building and renovation projects, expanded its offerings to adult learners, and has increased its outreach to the community. Founded in 1933 by Henry J. Heydt, the college’s first class of eight day and 14 evening students met in the Convention Hall at West Orange and Pine streets in Lancaster. Today there are 1,106 students enrolled, and they come from 32 states and 14 foreign countries. LBC is currently constructing the Student Learning Commons, a 43,000 square foot state-ofthe-art facility that will include a library, research services, study areas, tutoring center, academic resource center, disabilities services office, professional resource center, online learning work stations, and café. Anticipated completion date is May; the library collections are scheduled to be moved in June or July, and the facility is expected to be in use by August. Peter Teague, Lancaster Bible College president, said, “We are creating a campus intended to be the preferred and premier destination for study

Peter Teague
and ministry preparation, a place where students will receive oneon-one learning support from faculty, professional librarians, computer technology staff, and educational specialists. Our Student Learning Commons is the centerpiece of this emphasis on excellence in teaching and learning.” A number of other campus construction and renovation projects have been completed since 2006. The most recent project involved completely gutting and remodeling the existing south and west apartments. The remodeled apartments, which now accommodate 112 students (16 more than previously housed), were dedicated as Weber Hall at a service on September 23 {2011}. Esbenshade Enrollment Management Center was renovated from a dormitory to office complex. It currently houses the president’s office, registration offices, admissions,

LBC hosted an Intercollegiate Band Festival with Millersville University, F&M College and Elizabethtown College in March 2011. The event will be held again this year on March 30. And for the past for years, the college, in collaboration with the American International Cultural Exchange Institute, has hosted an International Piano Recital featuring pianists from China on tour of United States, under the direction of Professor Chen, Yantai University. A National Day of Prayer was held last year and will be held on campus again this year. An April 2009 college performance of “Little Women” drew 2,300 guests, and attendance at performances has increased since then. The college’s six performances of “The Sound of Music” drew nearly 6,000 in January, while three performances of the Christmas concert in December attracted nearly 4,100 guests.

Adult learners at LBC
It’s a national trend — colleges are seeing an increase in adult learners and LBC has also seen a growth in its adult learning programs at varying levels over the last five years. While nontraditional adult students in degree completion programs oncampus has remained mostly stable in the past decade, the online program that originated in 2007 has allowed more non-traditional students to take LBC courses. Over the past five years there’s been a 400 percent increase in non-traditional adult students in the degree completion program. Five years ago non-traditional adult students represented about 7 percent of the whole undergraduate program, while non-traditional adult students are about 30 percent of the whole undergraduate student population this semester (spring 2012). LBC also offers non-credit adult-learning courses and certificates through its Biblical Enrichment Institute, which has several different locations locally as well as locations in New York City and Maryland. The Institute offers Continuing Education Units (CEUs) for those who take courses for non-credit.

information systems, business office and financial aid offices to provide “one stop” services for students and their families. New flooring was installed in Horst Athletic Center, Good Shepherd Chapel, Miller Hall, and these facilities were also renovated and redecorated. Good Shepherd Chapel was retrofitted to house the college’s Worship & Performing Arts department. Balcony seating in the chapel now provides an additional 300 seats. Teague explained that the Student Commons is the first project in the Preferred Future plan, a five-year plan adopted by the board of trustees in May 2010. The plan identifies several projects that are critical to the college’s preferred future and funding has been prioritized to complete them. Other building and/or renovation projects include expanding and renovating the existing library/administration building into an iLEAD (International Leadership Education and Discipleship)

Center — a full-service adult learning facility — and faculty commons as well as a Strategic Alliance Resource Center, flex housing and additions and renovations to both Horst Sports & recreation Center and Good Shepherd Chapel. Another project focuses on constructing a promenade connecting the Student Learning Commons at the north point of campus with the Good Shepherd Chapel at the south point of campus. He noted that the Strategic Alliance Resource Center will foster hands-on experience between students and established ministry organizations. He said, “When completed, these projects will enhance services and resources for our alumni, local community, and the Christian community at large. Additionally state-of-the art facilities will attract new students and enhance life on campus by creating a learning environment conducive to the ways modern students learn, research, and interact.”

Teague said that the college exists to educate Christian students to think and live a biblical worldview and to proclaim Christ by serving Him in the Church and society. To fulfill this mission LBC, which is fully accredited by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education and the Association for Biblical Higher Education Commission on Accreditation and can grant bachelor, master, and doctorate degrees, requires every graduate to have 43 credits of Bible studies. He said, “The Bible is the DNA of who we are.” As president, his first responsibility is for the fiscal management and academic health of the institution. He said, “We make sure that we deliver what we promise to our students and that there’s a spiritual climate on the campus.” LBC continues to seek and admit students who will thrive in the spiritual environment that’s been fostered on campus. Teague

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L ancaster, P a.

CAREERS & EDUCATION

MARCH 4, 2012 • 5

Preparing for a career
By Laura Knowles Special Features Writer Not long ago, John Ratzenberger — better known as Cliff the mailman on “Cheers” — set out to make a point. America needs to get back into manufacturing. America’s strength is based on manufacturing. And manufacturing is based on invention,” said Ratzenberger, who was once a carpenter and was the son of a factory worker and truck driver. Another point that Ratzenberger wanted to make is that there are not enough students entering vocational schools or the industrial trades. What this country needs are more workers to repair bridges, buildings and water systems. Trades like bricklaying and welding need to be revived to keep the country strong. As Ratzenberger noted, that means that college may not be the right choice for every young person graduating from high school. Here in Lancaster County, schools like Thaddeus Stevens College of Technology, Harrisburg Area Community College and Lancaster County Career and Technology Center offer options that prepare students for careers in the trades. At these schools, through mainly two-year programs, students learn trades that will be useful in manufacturing, construction, repairs, and other trades that are in dire need of workers. As Becky McKim of Gage Personnel of Reading, Ephrata and Lancaster, notes, there are many jobs in the manufacturing and industrial areas, such as welding. Service areas, such as food service and catering, are also in high demand. “There is a definite need for skilled workers and those trained in specific areas have many opportunities,” says McKim, noting that clerical, industrial and technical workers are needed by local companies. Trade schools in the area have a high percentage of placement for graduates, with many programs offering almost guaranteed employment. Companies eagerly await recent graduates in fields such as welding and HVAC repair. At Thaddeus Stevens College of Technology, the job placement rate is 96 percent. There are programs in a wide variety of fields, including Architectural Technology, Electronic Engineering Technology, Automotive Technology, Graphic Communications & Printing Technology, Business Administration, Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning/Refrigeration, Cabinetmaking & Wood Technology, Machine Tool and Computer Aided Manufacturing, Carpentry Technology, Masonry Construction Technology, Collision Repair Technology, Mechanical Engineering Technology, Computer Aided Drafting Technology, Metals Fabrication & Welding, Computer & Network Systems Administration, Plumbing Technology and Electrical Technology. It is important, after all, to have someone to fix your car when it’s in an accident or get the air conditioning working on a hot, summer day. We need plumbers to fix leaks and electricians to wire our homes and businesses. Some trades, like

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masonry, are quickly disappearing, so that few people will know how to lay bricks in the future. Last year, Thaddeus Stevens College of Technology was named as one of the top 120 community colleges in the United States, offering real-life education to students who are likely to have new opportunities when they go into the working world. High school students, too, have the opportunity to get a jump start on practical careers, through the Lancaster County Career and Technology Center (LCCTC). Even before graduating from high school, students can enroll in programs that include construction, manufacturing, plumbing, welding and culinary arts. There are also adult education programs available at the three LCCTC campuses. At the Brownstown Campus, the emphasis is on Construction Technologies, Visual Communication and Consumer Services Centers, while the Mount Joy Campus focuses on Culinary Arts, Advanced Manufacturing and Consumer Services Centers. The Willow Street Campus offers programs in Health Care, Transportation Technologies and Consumer Services Centers. Since 1971, LCCTC has offered comprehensive technical programs of distinction, designed to ensure promising futures. With more than 40 full time and/or short term programs, the center trains young people for useful careers. In fact, some college graduates enroll in programs in order to make themselves more marketable. The goal of the LCCTC is to provide classes in occupational theory and practical application to enable individuals to upgrade specific skills in their occupation. They also provide re-training to people interested in entering into new occupational areas and keep employed persons up-to-date in their fields with new technologies and advancements. These programs give high school graduates enhanced opportunities to learn skills that will carry them into the future as productive workers who will make a difference.

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6 • MARCH 4, 2012

CAREERS & EDUCATION

Lancaster, P a.

How to update your resume
Updating a resume is one of those necessary tasks that always seems to fall by the wayside. Rather than updating a resume periodically, many men and women wait to work on their resume until they’re ready to start looking for a new job. But such procrastination can make it difficult to remember all those new nuggets of information that can make a person more attractive to prospective employers. Updating a resume more regularly, such as after a new promotion or upon completion of an especially impressive project, is a good way to guarantee each accomplishment gets its due. In addition to staying on top of things, there are additional ways men and women can update their resumes and increase their chances of being noticed by prospective employers. within a particular industry. Employers use these keywords to find the right candidates for jobs within their company, and job seekers use the keywords to narrow down their job search and make it more manageable. But candidates can use these keywords in their resumes in the hopes of making themselves more visible. Men and women should research industry trends to discover which words are most popular now, and then include them on their resumes. Recent examples of popular keywords include “new media” and “e-commerce.” But trends and keywords vary depending on the industry.

Effectively updating your resume can make a difference when looking for a new job.
was updated, include that in the education section. For those who prefer not to tinker with their education section, create a new section titled “Professional Activities” and then include courses or degrees earned postcollege. This section should also reference any memberships in professional organizations or any conferences attended. This indicates a candidates’ passion and commitment to the field and his or her commitment to professional development. women who have established themselves in their field should remove older, less relevant information as they update their resumes. Employment history is important, but people with a decade-plus of experience in their field don’t need to include every last detail about responsibilities at a first job out of college. Older experience,

* Update the education section. Men and women who earned their degree years ago might still be able to update the education section on their resume. * Stay on top of keywords. If any certificates were earned * Remove less relevant Keywords are certain terms that or any courses were completed information. Men and appear frequently in job postings since the last time a resume

particularly for men and women who have changed careers, likely won’t bear much fruit and it’s always better to include as much recent information and accomplishments as possible. In addition to reducing the emphasis on older experience, also remove references to outdated technology the industry no longer uses. * Be diligent with updating. No one knows what lies ahead, and if the perfect job opportunity suddenly appears, it helps to have an updated resume that’s ready to be submitted. That requires routinely updating a resume even if the desire to look for a new gig is nonexistent.

LBC opportunities
- continued from page 4

High-Skill Technical Majors
17-full time Associate degree programs in addition to 3 certificate programs provide many options for your area study

Student Life Opportunities
On campus housing, championship athletics teams, clubs and organizations provide student life experiences for all students.

High Job Placement
A 96% job placement rate and a high demand for graduates mean strong career opportunities when you graduate.

Convenient classes for your schedule
New evening programs in HVAC-R, Machine Tool and Computer Aided Manufacturing, and Business Administration starting in Fall 2012

said, “Our recruitment team interviews every applicant, and unlike some schools that look only at GPAs, our admission team takes writing samples and letters of recommendation very seriously. They look for achievement oriented, missionally minded, intellectually curious students who they believe will thrive on campus.” LBC is also offering several new learning opportunities. For undergrad students, a new communication major and minor, offered through the Arts and Sciences department and Worship and Performing Arts department, was approved for Fall 2011, with concentrations

in media writing and electronic media. A new graduate concentration in sports ministry for the Master of Arts Ministry program also began in the fall. Approvals were also received from Florida and Maryland to offer the iLEAD program at those locations. Additionally LBC has also developed relationships with other colleges in the area and has extended its outreach to the community by hosting a variety of special events, performances and speakers. “Our challenge is that not everyone knows that we’re here and what we do. We invite the community onto our campus so that they can learn about us first-hand,” he said.

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L ancaster, P a.

CAREERS & EDUCATION

MARCH 4, 2012 • 7

Plan for college now for your child
(MS) — Setting goals is often the first step to achieving your hopes and dreams for yourself and your family. Making a plan, however, is crucial to making those dreams a reality. This is especially true when it comes to a college education for your children. Starting a college savings plan when your children are young sets you on a path for success and can help you reduce the need for expensive student loans down the road. According to the Project on Student Loan Debt, the average student-loan debt increased 24 percent to $23,200 in 2008, up from $18,650 in 2004. According to FinAid.org, parents who put aside just $50 per month from the time their child is born can grow a nest egg of more than $20,000 by the time that child turns 18, assuming a 7 percent return on investment. Increasing those contributions to $100 per month can yield more than $43,000. While there are a number

Establishing a college savings plan early is a way to reduce student loan debt.

Engineers

of college savings vehicles to choose from, savers should keep in mind that a 529 plan is a taxfree and, in some cases, state tax-deductible option. Operated by a state or educational institution, a 529 plan is an education savings plan There are some innovators who have posed questions about harnessing the power of natural weather phenomena, like hurricanes and tornadoes, to replace the 85 million barrels of crude oil used by the world every day. Hurricane power rivals nuclear stockpiles and tornado wind energy exceeds 300 miles per hour speeds. With the increase of natural disasters, engineers are seeking ways to harness this power for the greater good. In addition, in 2011 the world has witnessed tsunamis and earthquakes in Japan and a string of powerful tornadoes blow through the southern U.S. Engineers are in search of technology that can better forewarn about impending disasters to reduce loss of life and damage. More information is available at http://solutionists.iee.org. Find out the ways engineers cross-collaborate across different fields to find solutions to improve the planet.

designed to provide families with an easy way to save. Most offer online enrollment with minimal initial investment, as low as $25. Additionally, contributions can be made by more than just a child’s parents. Anyone can

contribute to an account or open one on behalf of a child. Many states offer a 529 plan and each state’s plan is different. Morningstar, a leading provider of investment research, provides analysis on the majority of the nation’s 529 plans and rates

them based on a variety of key factors. Additional sources for information on 529 plans are SavingForCollege.com as well as CollegeSavings.org. An example of a toprated Morningstar 529 plan is CollegeAdvantage, Ohio’s college savings plan. Account owners can contribute to a CollegeAdvantage account for as little as $25 and accounts are available to any U.S. resident and funds can be used at any college in the country. “Saving with a 529 plan offers parents, friends and family members an affordable and attainable way to save for their loved one’s future college expenses,” said Richard Norman, interim executive director of Ohio Tuition Trust Authority. “Many times, just beginning the process can help families feel like college is a realistic and achievable goal.”

- continued from page 8

Engineers have helped create more than 8.6 million robots worldwide. There are predictions that robots may be classified as their own subset of the population as early as 2040. These forms of artificial intelligence will replace humans in some of the more dangerous jobs, like military personnel, loggers, industrial machinery repair people, and fishermen. Fishermen have one of the most dangerous jobs, with 200 deaths for every 100,000 fulltime workers, according to data from The Discovery Channel. Robots might one day prove instrumental in reducing such fatalities. Environmental Issues Much has been learned about the human impact on the planet and the fast-moving depletion of natural resources. Engineers are often trying to solve the problems of the environment, including alternatives to reliance on fossil fuels.

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8 • MARCH 4, 2012

CAREERS & EDUCATION

Lancaster, P a.

Engineers help improve the world
It has been frequently stated that, “Scientists investigate that which already is; engineers create that which has never been.” Some of the greatest challenges of modern life have been overcome thanks to engineers. And their reach continues to grow. Engineers do more than design bridges and buildings. Their work permeates many aspects of a person’s daily life. Beyond this, engineers help to solve many of the world’s most puzzling problems. Many people do not fully realize how comprehensive engineers’ roles are. Nor do students recognize how fulfilling a career in this discipline can be. There are more than 1.6 million engineers worldwide. These people often cross the disciplines of math, science and engineering and venture into many different industries to conquer a host of challenges. “Whether it’s the latest tablet computer, electric sports

car or other cool new product, people get very excited about innovation — and more often than not these innovations are brought to market by engineers working in technology hubs like Silicon Valley,” says Vinton Cerf, IEEE Fellow. Exploring just how farreaching engineering work can be sheds new light on a field that can sometimes be awe-inspiring.

HACC gives me

an affordable path to a four-year degree.

Worried about the rising costs of attending a four-year college? Save money, earn an associate degree at HACC and transfer credits to a four-year college or university to complete your bachelor’s degree. It’s a smart option. HACC credits can transfer nearly anywhere because we have transfer agreements with many four-year schools.

To find out more, call the Lancaster Campus Welcome Center at 358-2966 or visit www.hacc.edu/lancaster
HACC is Lancaster’s Community College.
Lancaster 1641 Old Philadelphia Pike 293.5000 | Harrisburg 780.2400 Gettysburg 337.3855 | Lebanon 270.4222 | York 718.0328 | Virtual Campus 221.1300 ext. 1510
HACC does not discriminate in employment, student admissions, and student services on the basis of race, color, religion, age, political af liation or belief, sex, national origin, ancestry, disability, place of birth, General Education Development Certi cation (GED), marital status, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, veteran status, or any other legally protected classi cation.

Health, Medical and Humanity Often, engineers are seen as being the builders of the abstract, working against the hurdles of logistics, roads, and other manmade materials. But engineers also play a significant role in fields that directly touch people’s lives and impact their well-being. Engineers are instrumental in designing the products that help in the area of medicine and personal health. From creating better, more innovative wheelchairs for the 67,000,000 people worldwide who require them, to developing custom-fit prosthetics that better mimic the function of actual limbs, to creating technology that enables blind people to “see” through electrical impulses in the brain, engineers are behind some of the medical field’s most innovative products. Individuals are often pouring over the hypotheses of how to build it better, including better hearing devices, such as surgically implanted computers that allow for direct neural connections instead of external aids. In many cases, engineers have helped develop products that rival the human body or even exceed its capabilities.

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Robotics Robots can be used to replace human error in many instances. They can also be substituted for people when conditions may be too dangerous. Robots are already used to defuse bombs or to collect intelligence in times of war.

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