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# Lesson

**30 Psychrometry Of Air Conditioning Systems
**

Version 1 ME, IIT Kharagpur 1

2. Analysis of a simple.2. summer air conditioning system with outdoor air for ventilation and with non-zero by-pass factor (Section 30. summer air conditioning system with 100% re-circulated air (Section 30.2) 4. humidity ratio & enthalpy) 2. DBT.1. coil ADP & BPF) In this chapter fixing of supply air conditions and coil specifications for summer air conditioning systems are discussed. Analysis of a simple. the winter air conditioning systems are not discussed here. namely: a) b) c) d) Systems with 100% re-circulation Systems with outdoor air for ventilation with zero by-pass factor Systems with outdoor air for ventilation with non-zero by-pass factor Systems with reheat for high latent cooling load applications . The topic of load estimation will be discussed in a later chapter.1) 3. Coil specifications (Latent and sensible loads on coil.1) 2.2) 5. Analysis of a summer air conditioning system with outdoor air for ventilation and with zero by-pass factor (Section 30. Supply air conditions (air flow rate. the required outdoor air (fresh air) is specified.2. Since the procedure is similar for winter air conditioning system. psychrometric calculations are performed to find: 1. Analysis of a summer air conditioning system with re-heat for high latent cooling load applications (Section 30. Estimate the load on the cooling coil and fix the supply conditions for various summer conditioning systems. Version 1 ME.The specific objectives of this lecture are to: 1. Normally. 30. depending on the ventilation requirements of the building.2. Introduction: Generally from the building specifications. Purpose of psychrometric calculations (Section 30. inside and outside design conditions.3) 6.3) At the end of the lesson. Selection guidelines for supply air conditions (Section 30. the student should be able to: 1. the latent and sensible cooling or heating loads on a building can be estimated. IIT Kharagpur 2 . From known loads on the building and design inside and outside conditions.

and applying energy balance across the room.r = m s Cpm (t i − t s ) Q l.30.r = Q s.r = m s (hi − h s ) (30. The supply air condition should be such that as it flows through the conditioned space it can counteract the sensible and latent heat transfers taking place from the outside to the conditioned space.r = m sh fg ( Wi − Ws ) Q t .r (30.r Q t .2. so that the space can be maintained at required low temperature and humidity.1. Room Latent Cooling Load (Ql. Hence one can find the Room Sensible Heat Factor (RSHF) from the equation: RSHF = Q s.2) (30. Assuming no heat gains in the supply and return ducts and no energy addition due to fans. Summer air conditioning systems: 30. It can be seen that cold and dry air is supplied to the room and the air that leaves the condition space is assumed to be at the same conditions as that of the conditioned space. there is no outside air and the same air is recirculated as shown in Fig.4) Version 1 ME. latent and total cooling loads on the room are obtained. Figure 30.r) are given by: Q s.r + Q l.1) (30.r Q s.r = Q s. the sensible.r) and Room Total Cooling load (Qt.1. Simple system with 100 % re-circulated air: In this simple system. the Room Sensible Cooling load (Qs. IIT Kharagpur 3 .r + Q l.30.2.r).2 also shows the process on a psychrometric chart.3) From cooling load calculations.

hs ADP ts ti Qs. 100% re-circulation type air conditioning system From the RSHF value one can calculate the slope of the process undergone by the air as it flows through the conditioned space (process s-i) as: slope of process line s − i.c. c & Q l.Wi.e.1. process i-s) will be exactly opposite to the process undergone by air as it flows through the room (process s-i).6) Version 1 ME.hi RSHF line Return Fan Qs. the sensible and latent heat transfer rates at the cooling coil are exactly equal to the sensible and latent heat transfer rates to the conditioned space.5) Since the condition i is known say. the temperature and humidity ratio of air decrease as it flows through the cooling coil and temperature and humidity ratio increase as air flows through the conditioned space.c Cooling coil Supply Fan Fig.Ws. Q s. It should be noted that for the given room sensible and latent cooling loads.1: A simple.e.ti.. Assuming no heat transfer due to the ducts and fans. knowing the slope. Ql. i. The intersection of this line with the saturation curve gives the ADP of the cooling coil as shown in Fig. IIT Kharagpur 4 . from thermal comfort criteria.30. the process that the air undergoes as it flows through the cooling coil (i. tan θ = 1 ⎛ 1 − RSHF ⎞ ⎜ ⎟ 2451 ⎝ RSHF ⎠ (30. c (30. the supply condition must always lie on this line so that the it can extract the sensible and latent loads on the conditioned space in the required proportions. one can draw the process line s-i through i.r Ql r ti.r = Q s. Since the case being considered is one of 100 % re-circulation. Thus.30.Wi.r = Q l.hi i s ms ms ts.

2. operation theatres require 100% outdoor air).11) Thus with 100 % re-circulated air.3). Normally.r ms From Eqn. Version 1 ME.(30. ts. from room conditions.r m sh fg (30.8) From the mass flow rate of air and condition i.7) Once the supply temperature ts is known. some amount of outdoor (fresh) air is added to take care of the ventilation requirements. Ws and hs) and 3 equations.g. it is clear that the required mass flow rate of supply air decreases as the by-pass factor X decreases. the room ADP is equal to coil ADP and the load on the coil is equal to the load on the room.1) to (30. In the limiting case when the by-pass factor is zero. since there are 4 unknowns (ms. However.2.Fixing of supply condition: The supply condition has to be fixed using Eqns. the supply air temperature ts is obtained using the definition of by-pass factor as: ⎛ t − t ADP ⎞ ⎟ ⇒ t s = t ADP + X(t i − t ADP ) X=⎜ s ⎜ t −t ⎟ ADP ⎠ ⎝ i (30. the minimum amount of supply air flow rate required is: m s.(30. (Eqns. coil ADP and by-pass factor. If the by-pass factor (X) of the cooling coil is known.(30.8).1) to (30. Normally either the quantity of outdoor air required is specified in absolute values or it is specified as a fraction of the re-circulated air.(30.1) as: ms = Q s. System with outdoor air for ventilation: In actual air conditioning systems.r Cpm (t i − t s ) Cpm (t i − t ADP )(1 − X) = Q s.3) as: Ws = Wi − h s = hi − Q l.9) (30. the supply air humidity ratio and enthalpy are obtained using Eqns. the required outdoor air for ventilation purposes is known from the occupancy data and the type of the building (e.r (30. then.(30.min = Q s.2) and (30.r Cpm (t i − t ADP ) (30. 30.3)). one parameter has to be fixed to find the other three unknown parameters from the three equations.10) Q t . IIT Kharagpur 5 . then the mass flow rate of supply air is obtained from Eqn.

hi ti.13) Where mrc is the re-circulated air flow rate and mo is the outdoor air flow rate. one can draw the process line s-i.r Ql r s mrc ms=mo+mrc ti.hi mo Supply Fan ADP = ts ti tm to Qs.c. from the RSHF and state i.2 shows the schematic of the summer air conditioning system with outdoor air and the corresponding process on psychrometric chart. Ql. one can calculate the amount of recirculated air from Eqn.hi Qs.Wi. As shown on the psychrometric chart.13).Fixing of supply condition: Case i) By-pass factor of the cooling coil is zero: Figure 30.Wi.9) and (30.12) From the supply mass flow rate. which in turn is equal to the temperature of the supply air. Hence from the supply temperature one can calculate the required supply air mass flow rate (which is the minimum required as X is zero) using the equation: ms = Q s.10). The intersection of this line with the saturation curve gives the room ADP. similar to the earlier case.c Cooling coil Fig. one can find the supply air humidity ratio and enthalpy using Eqns.(30. when the by-pass factor X is zero.(30. when the by-pass factor is zero.Wi. the room ADP is equal to coil ADP.2: A summer air conditioning system with outdoor air for ventilation and a zero by-pass factor From mass balance of air. o m i me ti. IIT Kharagpur 6 . m s = mrc + m o (30. r Cpm (t i − t s ) Cpm (t i − t ADP ) = Q s. Since the sensible and latent cooling loads on the conditioned space are assumed to be known from cooling load calculations. Since either mo or the ratio mo : mrc are specified.30. Version 1 ME.r (30.

Qs.c. the by-pass factor will be greater than zero. from the above equation it is clear that Wm > Wi.r = m o h fg ( Wo − Wi ) Q t . The line joining the mixed condition ‘m’ with the coil ADP is the process line undergone by the air as it flows through the cooling coil. some amount of hot and humid air is added and the same amount of relative cool and dry air is exhausted (mo = me). It can Version 1 ME. the sensible. This implies that ms(hm .hs). c − Q s.(30.c = Q s. the difference between the cooling load on the coil and cooling load on the conditioned space can be shown to be equal to: Q s. c + Q l. latent and total heat transfer rates. or the load on the cooling coil is greater than the load on the conditioned space. IIT Kharagpur 7 . The slope of this line depends on the Coil Sensible Heat Factor (CSHF) given by: CSHF = Q s. c = Q s.1) to (30. c Q t .14) Where ‘m’ refers to the mixing condition which is a result of mixing of the recirculated air with outdoor air. c = m sh fg ( Wm − Ws ) Q t . c = m s Cpm (t m − t s ) Q l.r = m o (h o − hi ) (30. This is of course due to the fact that during mixing. Ql.16) From the above equation it is clear that the difference between cooling coil and conditioned space increases as the amount of outdoor air (mo) increases and/or the outdoor air becomes hotter and more humid. as a result the air temperature at the exit of the cooling coil will be higher than the coil ADP.hs) > ms(hi . c Q s.15) Since (mo/ms) > 0.14). c + Q l. From Eqn.c (30.3) and (30. c − Q l.r = m o Cpm (t o − t i ) Q l. This is shown in Fig. Applying mass and energy balance to the mixing process one can obtain the state of the mixed air from the equation: mo Wm − Wi hm − hi t m − t i = = ≈ m s Wo − Wi ho − hi t o − t i (30. X > 0: For actual cooling coils.17) Case ii: Coil by-pass factor.c at the cooling coil are given by: Q s.Calculation of coil loads: From energy balance across the cooling coil. hm > hi and tm > ti.c and Qt. c = m s (hm − h s ) (30.30. c − Q t .3 along with the process on psychrometric chart.

r.c+Ql.3: A summer air conditioning system with outdoor air for ventilation and a nonzero by-pass factor Version 1 ME.75).c=Qs. The system shown in Fig.3 is adequate when the RSHF is high ( > 0. the room ADP will be different from the coil ADP. hi mrc Cooling coil Supply fan mo s ms=mo+ mrc m o Supply duct losses Qt. Wi.c By-pass o m i s ADP ts ti tm to Fig.be seen from the figure that when X > 0. Return fan me= mo Return duct losses Qs.r i A/C Room ti. IIT Kharagpur 8 .30. Ql.30.

vi. then the mass flow rate and state of the supply air and condition of the air after mixing can be obtained using equations given above. then one can draw the coil condition line and the intersection of this line with the horizontal line drawn from supply state ‘s’ gives the condition of the air at the exit of the cooling coil. (30. If the coil ADP and coil by-pass factor are given instead of the supply air temperature. From points ‘m’. the by-pass factor of the cooling coil can be calculated.10). then the simple system discussed above leads to very low coil ADP. the process line c-s will be horizontal. From this condition. IIT Kharagpur 9 . Operating the system at low evaporator temperatures decreases the COP of the refrigeration system leading to higher costs..(30. The intersection of this line with the saturation curve gives the room ADP. supply air temperature ts and RSHF are known. It can be seen that the coil ADP is lower than the room ADP.(30. The intersection of this line with the saturation curve gives the coil ADP. iii. one can draw the line i-s. ii. air is first cooled and dehumidified from point ‘m’ to point ’c’ in the cooling coil and is then reheated sensibly to the required supply temperature ts using the reheat coil. If the supply temperature is specified.15).g.e. Thus if the coil ADP is known. Version 1 ME.Normally in actual systems. in a system with reheat coil. Condition of air after mixing (point ‘m’) is obtained from known values of ms and mo using Eqn.8) to (30. then a trial-and-error method has to be employed to obtain the supply air condition. The capacity of the cooling coil is obtained from Eqn. A low coil ADP indicates operation of the refrigeration system at low evaporator temperatures. iv. ‘s’ and coil ADP. and at the same time the high latent load can also be taken care of. presence of kitchen or laundry).3. Figure 30. 30. Hence a reheat coil is sometimes used so that the cooling coil can be operated at relatively high ADP. High latent cooling load applications (low RSHF): When the latent load on the building is high due either to high outside humidity or due to large ventilation requirements (e.g. v. hospitals) or due to high internal latent loads (e. Since the supply temperature is specified one can calculate the required supply air flow rate and supply conditions using Eqns. Now joining points ‘m’ and ‘s’ gives the process line of air as it flows through the cooling coil.2.14). i. Then the step-wise procedure for finding the supply air conditions and the coil loads are as follows: i. Since the heating process in the reheat coil is sensible. either the supply temperature (ts) or the temperature rise of air as it flows through the conditioned space (ti-ts) will be specified.4 shows an air conditioning system with reheat coil along with the psychrometric representation of the process. The capacity of the reheat coil is then obtained from energy balance across it. As shown in the figure. Since conditions ‘i’. one can calculate the load on the cooling coil using the supply mass flow rate and state of air after mixing.

4: A summer air conditioning system with reheat coil for high latent cooling load applications Version 1 ME.30. IIT Kharagpur 10 .i i m o c s Cooling coil Reheat coil o m i c s Fig.

iii. Guidelines for selection of supply state and cooling coil: i. material and power. If chilled water is used for cooling and dehumidification. this can be partially offset by using waste heat such as heat rejected at the condenser for reheating of air. Energy is required for both cooling as well as reheat coils. but does not affect sensible and cooling loads on the conditioned space. b) However. The by-pass factor of the coil varies from 0. The cooling coil should have 2 to 6 rows for moderate climate and 6 to 8 rows in hot and humid climate. However.05 to 0. If the required air flow rate through the cooling coil is insufficient. the temperature rise (ti-ts) will be in the range of 8 to 15oC. mass flow rate of supply air increases due to reduced temperature rise (ti-ts) across the conditioned space c) Wasteful use of energy as air is first cooled to a lower temperature and then heated. Version 1 ME. This merely increases the supply air flow rate. Thus the actual benefit of reheat coil depends may vary from system. 30.3. ii.Advantages and disadvantages of reheat coil: a) Refrigeration system can be operated at reasonably high evaporator temperatures leading to high COP and low running cost. However. then the coil ADP will be higher than about 4oC. The bypass factor decreases as the number of rows increases and vice versa.2. Generally. IIT Kharagpur 11 . As much as possible the supply air quantity should be minimized so that smaller ducts and fans can be used leading savings in cost of space. then it is possible to mix some amount of re-circulated air with this air so that amount of air supplied to the conditioned space increases. The fin pitch and air velocity should be suitable. the minimum amount should be sufficient to prevent the feeling of stagnation.

30. c) and d) 4. State which of the following statements are TRUE? a) The purpose of psychrometric calculations is to fix the supply air conditions b) The purpose of psychrometric calculations is to find the load on the building c) In a 100% re-circulation system. c) and d) 3. Comment on the results. latent heat loads on the coil. the required coil ADP can be increased d) When reheat coils are used. the load on building is greater than the load on coil c) In a system with outdoor air for ventilation.5. the coil ADP is less than room ADP Ans. the load on building is less than the load on coil d) In a system with outdoor air for ventilation. the coil ADP is equal to room ADP d) In a 100% re-circulation system.: a). hi = 47. Ans. Coil Sensible Heat Factor and coil ADP if the by-pass factor of the coil is 0.0093 kgw/kgda.Questions and answers: 1. State which of the following statements are TRUE? a) In a 100% re-circulation system. c) Sensible. The required inside conditions are 24oC and 50% RH.66 kJ/kgda Version 1 ME. the moisture content and enthalpy of inside air are: Wi = 0. Find a) the required mass flow rate of air b) moisture content of supply air. Which of the following statements are TRUE? a) Systems with reheat are used when the Room Sensible Heat Factor is low b) Systems with reheat are used when the Room Sensible Heat Factor is high c) When reheat coils are used. the load on coil is equal to the load on building b) In a system with outdoor air for ventilation. IIT Kharagpur 12 . The psychrometric properties at inside and outside conditions are: Inside conditions: ti =24oC(DBT) and RHi = 50% From psychrometric chart or using psychrometric equations. Barometric pressure = 1 atm.: a) and c) 2.2. the Coil ADP is less than room ADP Ans.: The psychrometric process for this system is shown in Fig. and the outdoor design conditions are 34oC and 40% RH. The air is supplied to the room at a dry bulb temperature of 14oC.: a). the required supply airflow rate increases Ans. A 100% outdoor summer air conditioning system has a room sensible heat load of 400 kW and a room latent heat load of 100 kW. and d) The required cooling capacity of the coil.

154 x2501 (Ans.5: A summer air conditioning system with 100% outdoor air outside conditions: ti =34oC(DBT) and RHi = 40% From psychrometric chart or using psychrometric equations.c = Qs.c = mshfg ( Wo − Ws ) = 39.154 kg / s C pm (t i − t s ) 1. h1 = 68.c: Qt.618 (Ans. the moisture content and enthalpy of inside air are: Wo = 0.0093 − 100 = 0.r (Ans.154 x 2501 x (0.0216(24 − 14) = Q s.) Version 1 ME.5 kW Coil Sensible Heat Factor.) d) The required cooling capacity of the coil is equal to the total load on the coil.o i s ADP ts ti to Fig.c = msCpm (t o − t s ) = 39. CSHF = Qs.30.c + Ql.r m s h fg = 0. IIT Kharagpur 13 .21 kJ/kgda a) From sensible energy balance equation for the room.5 = 1294.0216 x (34 − 14) = 800 kW Ql. the sensible and latent loads on the coil are obtained as: Q s.c = 800 + 494. Qt.c = 0.) (Ans.) c) From energy balance.5 kW (Ans.) b) The moisture content of supply air is obtained from latent energy balance of the room as: Ws = Wi − Q l.01335 kgw/kgda. we find the required mass flow rate of air as: ms = 400 = 39.154 x 1.0083 kgw / kgda 39.c/Qt.0083) = 494.01335 − 0.

The air is then delivered to the room. the coil ADP is much smaller than the room ADP. It is seen that with 100% outdoor air.to)/(1-X) = (14 − 0.2 x 34)/(1 − 0. the relatively cold and dry indoor air is exhausted without re-circulation and the hot and humid air is conditioned using the coil coil. and c) required cooling capacity of first cooler coil and second sensible cooler coil. b) DBT and enthalpy of the air handled by the fan (state 2). the mixture (state 2) being handled by a fan.: From psychrometric chart. find: a) mass flow rates of outside fresh air and supply air. The outside fresh air first flows over a first cooler coil and is reduced to state 1 of 10oC dry bulb and a relative humidity of 85%.8).66 kJ/kgda Version 1 ME. Thus the required cooling capacity is very high as the cooling coil has to cool and dehumidify outdoor air. As shown in the figure below. A room is air conditioned by a system that maintains 25oC dry bulb and 50 % RH inside. It is then mixed with recirculated air. If the outside fresh air is used for dealing with the whole of the room latent heat gain and if the effects of fan power and duct heat gains are ignored.to ⇒ tADP = (ts − X.2) = 9oC (Ans. It is observed that the CSHF (0. exhaust air recirculated air i i Outdoor air 34oC (DBT) 40% (RH) Coil 1 Room 24oC (DBT) 50% RH Supply air 12oC 1 2 3 Coil 2 Ans.) Comments: 1.5 kW whereas the total load on the room is 500 kW). IIT Kharagpur 14 . 2. hence. when the outside conditions are 34oC dry bulb and 40% RH.0093 kgw/kgda.618) is much smaller compared to the room SHF (0. passed over a second cooler coil and sensibly cooled to 12oC dry bulb (state 3). hi = 47. 5. Since 100% outdoor air is used.Coil ADP is obtained by using the definition of by-pass factor (X) as: tADP(1 − X) = ts − X. The room sensible and latent heat gains are 60 kW and 12 kW respectively. the following properties are obtained: Inside conditions: ti =24oC(DBT) and RHi = 50% Wi = 0. the load on the coil (or required cooling capacity of the coil) is much higher compared to the cooling load on the building (Required coil capacity = 1294.

This implies that: W2 = W3 = 0.) From total enthalpy balance for the mixing process.21 kJ/kgda At state 1: t1 = 10oC(DBT) and RH1 = 85% W1 = 0. h1 = 26.00647 kgw/kgda.0216(24 − 12) = Q s.11 kJ/kgda (Ans. the temperature of mixed air at 2 is given by: t2 = (m1t1 + mrcti)/m2 = 19.31 kJ/kgda a) Since the air is supplied to the room at 12oC.) Version 1 ME.73) = 3.894 kg / s C pm (t i − t 3 ) 1.e.1.0093 − 12 = 0. m3 = 60 = 4.894 . the heat transfer across coil 2 is only sensible heat transfer. assuming the variation in cpm to be negligible.r (Ans.. we get m1 as: m1= m2(Wi –W2)/(Wi – W1) = 1.0083 kgw / kgda 4.0083 kgw/kgda Applying mass balance across the mixing of re-circulated and fresh air (1-2). the enthalpy of mixed air at 2 is: h2 = (m1h1 + mrchi)/m2 = 40.W2 From the above equation.outside conditions: to =34oC(DBT) and RHo = 40% Wo = 0. we obtain: m1W1+(m2-m1)Wi = m2.05oC (Ans.) The moisture content of supply air is obtained from latent energy balance across the room as: Ws = Wi − Q l. i.01335 kgw/kgda.164 kg/s b) From energy balance across the mixing process 1-2.73 kg/s Hence the mass flow rate of re-circulated air is: mrc = m2 – m1 = (4. IIT Kharagpur 15 .r m 3 h fg = 0. hi = 68.894 x2501 Since the fresh air takes care of the entire latent load. the mass flow rate of supply air m3 is obtained from sensible energy balance across the room.

m3 = 60 = 5. hi = 47. larger will be the required cooling capacity. Larger the fresh air requirement.325 kPa.) From energy balance across the 2nd cooler coil. outdoor air is mixed with re-circulated air in the ratio of 1:3 (by mass).r 40 Ws = Wi − = 0.. The difference between these two quantities (107.894 x 1. 6) An air conditioned building has a sensible cooling load of 60 kW and latent load of 40 kW. a reheat coil is used along with a cooling and dehumidifying coil. find: a) Mass flow rate of supply air.cpm(t2 – t3) = 4.0093 kgw/kgda.49 + 35. while the outside design conditions are: 34oC (DBT) and 40% RH.c) From energy balance. hi = 68.r (Ans.1 = m1(ho – h1) = 1.0) = 35.e.) The moisture content of supply air is obtained from latent energy balance across the room as: Q l.15 and the barometric pressure is 101.74 kW) is equal to the cooling capacity required to reduce the enthalpy of the fresh air from outdoor conditions to the required indoor conditions.25 kW (Ans.0066 kgw / kgda m 3 h fg 5.) Comment: It can be seen that the combined cooling capacity (72. To satisfy the ventilation requirement.: From psychrometric chart.49 kW (Ans. the cooling capacity of the second coil is given by: Qc. IIT Kharagpur 16 .73 x (68.05 – 12. If the bypass factor of the cooling coil is 0. This is the penalty one has to pay for providing fresh air to the conditioned space. i.66 kJ/kgda outside conditions: to =34oC(DBT) and RHo = 40% Wo = 0.31) = 72.0093 − = 0.873 x2501 Version 1 ME. b) Required cooling capacity of the cooling coil and heating capacity of the reheat coil Ans.873 kg / s C pm (t i − t s ) 1.25 = 107. Since the latent load on the building is high. the mass flow rate of supply air m3 is obtained from sensible energy balance across the room. cooling capacity of 1st cooler coil is given by: Qc.21 – 26.01335 kgw/kgda. the following properties are obtained: Inside conditions: ti =24oC(DBT) and RHi = 50% Wi = 0.74 kW) is larger than the total cooling load on the building (60 + 12 = 72 kW).0216 x (19. Air is supplied to the conditioned space at 14oC (DBT).21 kJ/kgda Since the air is supplied to the room at 12oC.74 – 72 = 35. The room is maintained at 24oC (DBT) and 50% RH.0216(24 − 14) = Q s.2 = m2.

hi)/(mo+mrc) = 52. the moisture content of air remains constant during this process.Wm)/(1–X) = (0. it is found to be: tADP = 6.) b) From sensible energy balance for the mixing process of fresh air with re-circulated air (Fig.) Version 1 ME. the mass flow rates of fresh and re-circulated air are: mo = 0.0103 − WADP ) From the above expression.00595 kgw/kgda The Coil ADP is the saturation temperature corresponding to a humidity ratio of WADP.4oC From Wc (= Ws) and tc.0066 − WADP ) = = 0.30.25 x 5.405 kg/s (Ans. we obtain the mixed air conditions as: tm = (mo.75 kJ/kgda Since heating in the reheat coil is a sensible heating process.Since 25% of the supply air is fresh air.4.Wo + mrc.15 ( Wm − WADP ) (0. the temperature of air at the exit of the cooling coil (tC in Fig. Qc = ms(hm – hc) = 157.15) = 0. from psychrometric chart or using psychrometric equations. Qrh = mscpm(ts–tc) = 27.38oC Hence. writing the by-pass factor in terms of humidity ratios as: X= ( Ws − WADP ) (0.) (Ans.ti)/(mo+mrc) = 26.0103)/(1.873 = 4.Wi)/(mo+mrc) = 0.6 kW (Ans. IIT Kharagpur 17 .4) is obtained from the by-pass factor as: tc = tADP + X (tm – tADP) = 9..468 kg/s and mrc = 0.75 x 5.0066 – 0.873 = 1.30.0 kW Required capacity of reheat coil. from energy balance across cooling coil and reheater: Required capacity of cooling coil. hence.02 kJ/kgda Hence.5oC Wm = (mo.15x0. Then from Fig.ho + mrc.30.0–0.to + mrc.4).0103 kgw/kgda hm = (mo. the enthalpy of air at the exit of the cooling coil is found from psychrometric chart as: hc = 26. the humidity ratio at coil ADP condition is found to be: WADP=(Ws – X.