An Advanced FACTS Controller for Power Flow Management in Transmission System Using IPFC

to employ it in the IPFC. . A 48 pulse multilevel inverter has been developed by cascading several units of three level diode clamped multilevel inverter (NPCI) with the help of phase shifting transformer. In this work mainly concentrated on choosing a suitable voltage source converter.Abstract Interline power flow controller (IPFC) is a new concept of FACTS controller for series compensation with the unique capability of power flow management among multi-line of a substation.

Contents Introduction Interline Power Flow Controller Voltage Source Converters Simple Power Transmission system model Simulation Results Conclusion References .

The FACTS controllers have been broadly developed on two different principles . bus voltages and thus enhance system stability and security.Introduction:With increasing demand and supply in the power systems. Flexible AC Transmission Systems (FACTS) are being popularly used for maintaining the security. The FACTS controllers utilize power electronics based technology and can provide static as well as dynamic control on line power flows. stability and reliability.

• These include static VAR compensator (SVC).Conti… 1. 2. • Static Synchronous Series Compensator (SSSC) . Which controls the series injected voltage and/or shunt injected current employing voltage source converters include • Static Synchronous Compensator (STATCOM). • Thyristor Controlled Series Compensator (TCSC) and • Thyristor Controlled Phase Angled Regulator (TCPAR). Which alters the line series reactance or bus shunt reactance or voltage phase difference across a line and utilizes conventional thyristor switches for control.

.Interline Power Flow Controller:It is proposed by Gyugyi with Sen and Schauder The IPFC scheme. together with independently controllable reactive series compensation of each individual line. provides a capability to directly transfer real power between the compensated lines which makes it possible to equalize both real and reactive power flow between the lines and reduces the burden of overload line by real power transfer.

Basic Configuration of Interline Power Flow Controller Basic Configuration of Interline Power Flow Controller In this consider a combination of two independently controllable SSSC which are solid-state voltage source converters. . It is employed to increase the transmittable real power while maintaining the desired distribution of reactive flow among the line.

Principle of Interline Power Flow Control:- Two-Inverter Interline Power Flow Controller Phasor Diagram of System1 V1seff = V1s+V1pq V1seff-V1r = V1x .

48 pulse Multilevel Inverter .

Neutral point Clamped multilevel Inverter .

Power Transmission System Model .

Simulation Results Three level diode clamped multilevel inverter Line to neutral voltages Phase to phase voltages Total harmonic distortions .

48 Pulse Multilevel Inverter:- Line to neutral voltages Phase to phase voltages Total harmonic distortions .

Interline Power Flow Controller Load Voltage Real and reactive power of the transmission system .

IPFC with PI Controller:- Load voltage Real and reactive power of the transmission system .

.Conclusion:VSC considered is a 48 pulse multilevel inverter which has been simulated. Typical and simple power system model has been proposed to investigate the performance of the IPFC. Closed loop controller has been developed for the IPFC configuration to maintain the voltage profile at any instant of the power system. It is observed that it is almost sinusoidal with very less THD. The simulation results show the improved transfer capability in the transmission system. It has been found that the IPFC injects the series voltage of controllable magnitude and phase angle in order to maintain the real and reactive power flow over the transmission line. composed of 48 pulse inverter.

Germany.M. Proceeding of 14th PSCC. Antennas Propagat. [4] N. pp.3. [3] Jianhong Chen. “The Interline Power Flow Controller concept: A New Approach to Power Flow Management in Transmission System”. T. Vilathgamuwa . “Design of An Interline Power Flow Controller”. No. IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery. Seong-Wook Chni. H. “Understanding FACTS” [5] E. Generation [2] Laszlo Gyugyi. Hingorani and L.” IEEE Trans. Zhang. Schauder. [8] B. D. Hajmunisa and P. “Dynamic characteristics analysis of SSSC based on 48 pulse inverter” .Geethalakshmi.. “Modeling of the Interline Power Flow Controller and the generalized unified power flow controller in Newton power flow”. and Gun-Woo Moon “Three Phase Three-level PWM Switched Voltage Source Inverter with Zero Neutral Point Potential” 2004 35rh Annual IEEE Power Electronics Specialists Conference Aachen. Proceeding of Instrumentation and Electrical Engineering. to be published. Colin D. Dhananjayan. [6] S Teerathana. Miller. pp. June 2002.14. Sang-Kyoo Nan. IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery [7] Won-Sik Oh. Tjing T. Yokoyama. G. A.Sen. “An Optimal Power Flow Control Method of Power System using Interline Power Flow Controller (IPFC)”. Sevilla. July 1999.References [1] X. P. Gyugyi. 24-28. “A note on reflector arrays (Periodical style—Accepted for publication). Vol. Kalyan k.Lie.

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