Production Planning and Control

Production planning categories.

.    Routing Scheduling Loading.Categories of production planning There are 3 categories of production planning Viz.

ROUTING  “Routing means determination of path or route over which each piece is to travel in being transformed from raw material into finished products.” -Kimball and Kimball. .

Scheduling  “The determination of time that is required to perform each operation and also the time required to perform entire series as routed is Scheduling. .” -Kimball and Kimball.

Establishment of timetable at which to begin and complete each event or operation comprising any procedure. 2. 1. .Scheduling Features of Scheduling. Description of When and Where of each operation in a production process is to be executed.

3. 2. (OUR) Minimize Idle time of Man and Machine. Plan the sequence such that delivery date is meet. Have minimum throughput time. 4.Scheduling  1. . Thus reducing the cost. Objectives of Scheduling. Prevent unbalanced allocation of time among various departments.

Operation Schedule Master Schedule Sequential Schedule. 3. 2. .Scheduling  Types of Schedules:- 1.

Scheduling I.  Time required to do a piece of work. Operation Schedule: It Gives details of 2 things.  Details of all input requirements (L-I-M-CA-T)-(CA) .

Baker. delivery time. – Stock – Sales forecast. . Order – future order. inventories and buffer. Ex. 1. designing. Nature depends on 2 basis.Scheduling II. 3. 2. – Master Schedule It is 1st step of actual Production Planning How many of each item is to be made.

Scheduling Sequential Scheduling .Sequencing is basically done for a multiproduct plant.Sequence is an order in which a no. of jobs can be done on a finite number of service facilities (say machines) in effective manner. . . III.

4. .Scheduling  1. Sequencing Gantt Charts Network Diagrams .Critical Path Method (CPM) . The Run out Approach. 2. Tools for Scheduling/ Scheduling devices.Program Evaluation Review Technique. 3.

Sequence is an order in which a no. Sequencing is basically done for a multiproduct plant.Scheduling (Tools)  Sequencing. of jobs can be done on a finite number of service facilities (say machines) in effective manner. 2. 1. .

Calculate the minimum time required for the same. JOB/ A Mach.Scheduling (Sequencing Tool)   Let see a numerical example. Situation:. The time for each job are given below. M1 4 M2 6 B 8 3 C 3 7 D 6 2 E 7 8 F 5 4 .Suppose 6 jobs are to be done on 2 machines.

4. It the least time belongs to M1. Repeat the process. 2. Search for the least time in the whole problem. the assign it as 1st Activity. 3.Scheduling (Sequencing Tool)  1. Solution. If the least time belongs to m2. then assign it as last activity. .

 C A E F B D .Scheduling (Sequencing Tool) Solution:The sequence in our Situation is as follows.

Scheduling (Sequencing Tool) Mach ine 1 TI PT TO Mach ine 2 TI PT TO IDT C A E F B D 0 3 7 14 19 27 3 4 7 5 8 6 3 7 14 19 27 33 3 10 16 24 28 33 7 6 8 4 3 2 10 16 24 28 31 35 35 hrs. 3 2 .

They have 6 books to be printed and bound. one for printing and another for binding. Book PRINT A 3 B 7 C 4 D 5 E 7 BIND 6 2 7 3 4 . Times are given as follows. time reqd.Class assignment  Situation.  There is a press having 2 machines. Give min.

.That’s all for today Folks See ya in next lecture.