TABLE OF CONTENTS

Pages I. TITLE PAGE II. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT III. INTRODUCTION IV. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY V. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM VI. GLOSSARY VII. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE A. LOCAL B. FOREIGN VIII. SUMMARY IX. CONCLUSION X. RECOMMENDATION XI. BIBLIOGRAPHY XII. FLYLEAF 11 28 48 50 52 54 57 1 3 4 5 8 9

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Tondo High School Manila

Research Paper On the study of the Effects Of Facebook On Students

By: Ronalou P. Paculan IV-Bravery SY.2012-2013

Mrs. Lourdes Mamaril

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II. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

A research paper like this is never the work of anyone alone. The contributions of many different people, in their different ways, have made this possible. I would like to extend my appreciation especially to the following: Thank God for the wisdom and perseverance that he has been bestowed upon me during this research project, and indeed, throughout my life: "I can do everything through him who give me strength." (Philippians 4: 13) Mrs. Mamaril, for making this research possible. Her support, guidance, advice throughout the research project, are greatly appreciated. Thanks Ma'am! Of course, to my friends and classmates for their endless friendship and encouragement. You guys are the best, thanks you! Last but not least, I would like to thank my parents for their unconditional support, both financially and emotionally throughout my high school career. In particular, their patience and understanding shown by my mother, father and brothers is greatly appreciated. I know, at times, my temper is particularly trying.

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III. INTRODUCTION

Social networking sites, most notably Facebook have become so popular today that they are leading words on the lips of every students. You love to spend most of your time checking your Fcebook updates, but do you know that there are many negative effects of using Facebook?

Most of the students don’t realize the negative effects impacts of Facebook on their life. And, the main reason is because they are already addicted to it. And, this addiction can lead to several negative developments.

The main purpose of this paper is to suggest some ways of minimizing the bad impacts of Facebook to students and to show you the negative effects of this social networking sites on students’ behavior and performance. This research also focused on finding ways to enhance students’ motivation and improve their achievements, yet without looking closely at the sources for their demotivation or academic failures.

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IV.BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Facebook is a social networking service launched in February 2004, owned and operated by Facebook, Inc. As of September 2012, Facebook has over one billion active users, more than half of them using Facebook on a mobile device. Users must register before using the site, after which they may create a personal profile, add other users as friends, and exchange messages, including automatic notifications when they update their profile.

Additionally, users may join common-interest user groups, organized by workplace, school or college, or other characteristics, and categorize their friends into lists such as "People From Work" or "Close Friends".

Facebook was founded by Mark Zuckerberg with his college roommates and fellow Harvard University students Eduardo Saverin, Andrew McCollum, Dustin Moskovitz and Chris Hughes. The website's membership was initially limited by the founders to Harvard students, but was expanded to other colleges in the Boston area, the Ivy League, and Stanford University. It gradually added support for students at

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various other universities before opening to high school students, and eventually to anyone aged 13 and over.

In May 2005, Accel partners invested $12.7 million in Facebook, and Jim Breyer added $1 million of his own money to the pot.

According to a May 2011 Consumer Reports survey, there are 7.5 million children under 13 with accounts and 5 million under 10, violating the site's terms of service.

Facebook is beneficial to one's social life because they can continuously stay in contact with their friends and relatives, while others say that it can cause increased antisocial tendencies because people are not directly communicating with each other. But some argue that Facebook has affected the social life and activity of people in various ways. With its availability on many mobile devices, Facebook allows users to continuously stay in touch with friends, relatives and other acquaintances wherever they are in the world, as long as there is access to the Internet. It can also unite people with common interests and/or beliefs through groups and other pages, and has been known to reunite lost family members and friends because of the widespread reach of its network.

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Facebook also continues to prompt debate about users’ behaviors. The effects of online activities on themselves and their interactions with others have been discussed extensively. In particular, students are a main class of Facebook users who spend long hours on the social network, which has worried parents and educational authorities about their academic performance. The students themselves argue that their presence on Facebook, as a leisure activity, does not hinder their academic efforts, though some evidence suggests that their grades decline after they join Facebook.

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V. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The questions and debates about Facebook usage seem ubiquitous today. Why do people need a website to socialize? Is Facebook an efficient social capitalization tool?

Is the use of Facebook beneficial for students, or does it simply distract them? Are there negative impacts of the Facebook on students' behavior and performance? What's with Facebook, why are some of the students are getting addicted to it? What's the effect of this social networking site on their grades?

What does Facebook bring to the lives of the the students? Why are the students easily hooked to Facebook? How does Facebook affect the life of a student?

What are the pitfalls, sudents should avoid on Facebook? Is there a possible way for the students to minimize their time on Facebook?

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VI. GLOSSARY

Acquaintances - A person whom one knows but who is not a particularly close friend. Cognitive - Based on or capable of being reduced to empirical factual knowledge. Collaboration - To work jointly with others or together especially in an intellectual endeavor. Consensual – Existing or made by mutual consent without an act of writing. Correlate – Either of two things so related that one directly implies or is complementary to the other. Cramming - To prepare hastily for an examination. Cravings - An intense, urgent, or abnormal desire or longing. Demography - The statistical study of human populations especially with reference to size and density, distribution, and vital statistics. Dumbfounded - To confound briefly and usually with astonishment. Exclusion - The act or an instance of excluding. Flourish - To be in a state of activity or production. G.P.A. - Grade Point Average Gregarious - Tending to associate with others of one's kind. Immersion - The act of immersing or the state of being immersed. Inconclusive - Leading to no conclusion or definite result. 9

Innocuous - Not likely to give offense or to arouse strong feelings or hostility. Intermittently - Coming and going at intervals or not continuous. Intrusive - Intruding where one is not welcome or invited. Invades - To enter for conquest or plunder. Manifest - Readily perceived by the senses and especially by the sense of sight Mingle - To bring or mix together or with something else usually without fundamental loss of identity. Miscarriage - Corrupt or incompetent management Obesity - A condition characterized by the excessive accumulation and storage of fat in the body. Procrastination - To put off intentionally the doing of something that should be done. Rampant - Rearing upon the hind legs with forelegs extended Self-esteem - A confidence and satisfaction in oneself Skirmishes - A minor fight in war usually incidental to larger movements Vain – Marked by futility or ineffectualness Vicious - Having the nature or quality of vice or immorality

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VII. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

A. Local Literature

Social networking sites let individuals to present themselves, and begin or keep connections with others. The extremely popular social network site for students in different levels, Facebook, has already printed a big impact on their lives. The site can be used towards work-related contexts, romantic relationship commencement and connecting those with shared interests. Members may use the site to mingle with people they already know offline or to find new friends. Facebook permits its users to present themselves in an Internet profile, build up "friends" who can post comments on each other's walls, and view each other's page. Facebook associates can also join groups based on common interests, see what things they have in common, and learn each others' hobbies, interests, favorite music, and romantic relationship status through their pages. But what are behind these facts? What does Facebook bring to the lives of the members especially to the students? How does Facebook affect the life of a student? According to studies, Facebook has an impact to students. Some students are using it for educational purposes. Students would like to do some online collaboration with classmates. It is said that Usfng Facebook boosts students’ self-esteem even more. 11

They would feel belongingness in the community compared to those who do not have accounts. It also provides news on what are happening in the real world and even in their school campuses. On the other hand, negative effects flourish. It was found that social networking sites has formed a new kind of addiction which we called the "social media addiction" and it is quite true in using Facebook. Are you addicted to Facebook? Some would say "yes" and some would say "no". It depends on the level of cravings. But in the recent study, it was found that a lot of students are by now addicted to it, to the extent that their school performance is affected. "Children who spend much of their time online find it harder to focus in class and have short attention span " researchers found through the samples that 7 out of 10 teachers believed that their students are becoming obsessed with social media sites such as Facebook. Their students tend to study while using Facebook and it shows that they got 20% lower grades. Facebook-using students even perform task (projects or assignments) without completion for the reason that they spend more time scrolling down on their newsfeed to see updates about their friends and look up for their notifications rather than finishing their school tasks. Aside that Facebook affects students’ academic performance; it also has an effect on students’ emotional health. Yes, students feel connected to others but study shows that they manifest depression through seeing their status updates. Some would utilize the site to express what they feel towards their enemy in school or even outside the campus. They would blurt out through posting status that would target their opponent just to hurt their feelings. With the rampant use of all the social networking sites, students are coming loose to the real associates. Facebook chats and posts would make them busy nowadays. They 12

may be connected to many people but they somehow disconnect with the important aspects of their lives and one of those is education. The belief of meeting people face to face seems very odd. Students prefer to send and receive instant messages or post messages through Facebook. Many other elements could be the reason for the inattention in studies of students. But somehow social networks like Facebook have a negative impact on the education of some students. Facebook could make students vain for better or for worse and it is the parents' obligation to watch and guide their children to get the utmost good benefits from Facebook.

How do Social Networking Sites Affect Students? Most of the time, students spend their time hanging around the web with the popular social networking sites. Everyday, more and more people are getting more attached to Social Networking sites as it is now moving in as one of the primary means of communication of people. Facebook, Twitter, and Google+ were only a few of the tons of the sites out there that caters the need of people. Through Social Media, people has the chance to combine work and relaxation. However, did you ever encounter the question. How do Facebook affect your life? And what is your answer? What are the benefits a student can get by using Social Networking Sites? Here are some points:

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• • • • • • •

Get in touch with your loved ones, relatives, and friends Get to know the latest news and issues Participate in online discussions Communicate with your classmates Be reminded of assignments, projects, and quizzes Conduct group meetings for group projects and announcements Get the latest status and messages of your friends through the News Feed

Obviously, social sites have a lot of uses for people with their exceptional functionalities. Even without meeting in person, people can now interact with each other and make a productive gathering. However, despite the fact that Social Media are extremely helpful, it is still not perfect because there are still some negative points we can encounter while using it. Some of the bad effects are: • • • It invades your privacy It distracts you in everything you do Too much attachment to it may lead to spending too much time in it

without doing your tasks

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• causes fear

There are some wrong information released by unauthorized people that

The mentioned good and bad effects were only partial and it also varies depending on the person involved. Though some people still makes the best out of Social Media, we can’t still forget the negative side of it. Maybe, we should just ask ourselves on what is our current position in the Social Networking World. The ever-growing technology helps us make our life easier and better but we must be sure that we should treat it with moderation . Facebook’s Impact on Student Grades How does Facebook activity affect a student’s grades? Reynol Junco, a professor at Lock Haven University in Pennsylvania, recently set out to determine exactly that. Mr. Junco assembled a sample of nearly 2,000 college students who self-reported details of their Facebook use: not just total time spent on the social networking site, but specific actions taken such as commenting, chatting, uploading photos or seeing what others are doing — “lurking,” as Mr. Junco calls it. The study then stacked its subjects’ overall G.P.A.’s against that Facebook activity. Students’ high school G.P.A.’s — powerful predictors of college grades — were included in the study as control variables, to establish subjects’ baseline academic ability and ensure no dramatic swings in G.P.A. occurred that might belie other factors at play.

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The results of the experiment will soon be published in the journal Computers in Human Behavior, but The Choice was privy to an early look at the findings:

While overall time spent on Facebook negatively affected G.P.A., the results were not clear-cut. As it turned out, those who frequently shared links on Facebook or checked the site to see what friends were up to tended to have higher grades. Those students who posted status updates tended to have lower grades. Mr. Junco found a direct relationship between site use and out-of-class sociability: the more time a student spent on Facebook, the more likely that student was to be involved with extracurricular activities. Meanwhile — contradicting the zero-sum logic of some who might believe that a minute spent social networking is a minute spent not attending to schoolwork — the study found no substantive link between time spent on Facebook and time spent studying. Mr. Junco said in an e-mail that he was surprised by the fact that the number of times a student checked Facebook each day was only weakly related to academic performance. “This tells me that spending an inordinate amount of time on Facebook is related to negative outcomes, while just checking Facebook for a few minutes each time is not,” he wrote.

The Facebook Effect

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ONE THING that listening to really successful people talk does to me is to make me think how small I am. People like Mark Zuckerberg, Steve Jobs and Bill Gates have been my heroes for some time and it is not because they are probably the most influential people in the world, but because of how much they understand about our world. These leaders and innovators are truly inspiring human beings. Watching a few interviews with the creator of Facebook, Mark Zuckerberg, I was dumbfounded by the world he lives in. It?s really amazing to hear people with so much influence talk to ordinary people about the effects of their creations and try to bring themselves down to the level of ordinary people. And it was awesome to know how much Facebook has grown these past few years. The last time I checked, Facebook had over 500 million users who go online with active profiles. I checked how many Christians there are and found out that they number two billion. So in less than a decade Facebook has managed to get a quarter of what Christianity has succeeded in converting to a way of life in 2,000 years. I know you don?t need a laptop or a mobile phone to get Christianity, but it?s just amazing how Facebook has spread so fast. Because of its great influence, Facebook has a lot of critics, and for good reason. No matter how you look at it, whether it is consensual or not, Facebook is intrusive. Where else do you make available so many personal preferences, information (including sensitive ones, addresses, phone numbers, social games)? Who can blame people if they get paranoid? People learn so many things about us in just one page that it is becoming

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alarming. Sometimes it can also be depressing when others dismiss us as just another face. I guess that not too many Filipinos are aware that Facebook has received so much criticism. It is not that I think they are not aware of what is going on in other countries. It is more a case of not being able to relate rather than not knowing or caring enough to learn about other countries. Facebook has revolutionized the way we interact with other people by making it easy for us to connect and share things we like and to read about and know our friends. It has made complex human interaction simpler; it made things that were already there easier. It has simplified how we live our lives. But sometimes, simplicity can be dangerous. If we live an over-simplified life, we tend to overlook how hard life really is. It is like putting a tiger that is used to the troubles of the forest in a zoo where everything is provided for it. It is just there to be viewed. A simple life. It is not that I don?t approve of where Facebook has taken 500 million lives to these past few years; it?s quite the opposite. Through Facebook I was able to reconnect with so many people I would otherwise have forgotten. Being on Facebook is a treat that most people will cherish for the rest of their lives. Some people even find the love of their lives on Facebook! All that I am trying to say is that while it is great to have a toy like Facebook, let us not forget that everything else is the real thing. At the end of the day, toys are just toys.

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Facebook Addiction of Filipino students Facebook has been a big trend to Filipinos especially to students. Facebook has already made a huge impact to people even if it just been known to the Philippines for the last two years. It is now the leading social network site in terms of popularity and active users. Through a status message in my Facebook account, I was able to discover a girl who has been a Facebook addict since she started using it. She is Marjorie Ditan, a 20years-old student of La Salle College Antipolo. She is taking-up AB Mass Communication, Major in TV Journalism and is already in her fourth year. She is my classmate’s sister. She looks like a Japanese girl who has a gentle personality. She has fair and smooth skin. She is not a tall girl but can project herself as a model. She has a lot of hobbies. She likes reading books, writing short stories or poems, watching television, customizing clothes but spend most of her time in using the Facebook site. Marjorie started using Facebook since March 2008. She already had been using it for almost two years and five months. She opens her Facebook account depending on her time schedule. During Mondays, Tuesdays Thursdays and Sundays, she uses FB between 1 p.m. to 11 p.m., since she has no classes or sometimes just spend half day to her school. Then during Wednesday and Friday, her account is active between 1 p.m. to 2 p.m. only because her classes start at 3:30 p.m. And on Saturdays, she spends her day on FB during 7 p.m. to 11 p.m. 19

“The minimum hours I spend in Facebook site during no classes is 10 hours, and the maximum is 17 hours. I can sometimes spend time in Facebook until 2 a.m., but I don’t stay awake during unholy hour, because it freaks me out.” Marjorie said. Marjorie Ditan is a college student who likes spending most of her time in her Facebook account since the very first time she has known the site. She has benefited a lot from the site and has been already her routine that she cannot go a day with, without opening her account. She has been a Facebook addict for the past two years but has not made a huge effect to her studies and to her social life. “Facebook really gets me because I can flush out my feelings. But it doesn’t really affect my studies because I am well disciplined and while my Facebook account is open, I do tons of projects and even loads of home works.” She already has 200 friends in her site. Marjorie only accepts and adds friends who is she familiar with. But even with the help of the site for communication, she do more than a talk on FB, she still prefers to live among people and socialize with them face to face than in social networks. She likes spending time with her family but also do this with some activeness in her FB account. But still, she doesn’t let this social network to weaken her relationship with her family, friends and herself. In her FB profile, she usually posts things like skin care, fitness, hair care and other guides or suggestions concerning a person’s health and hygiene. She also uses her account to sell stuffs like bags, accessories and clothes. FB has already been her partner in business. She also like posting suggestions on what clothes to wear, foods that benefits 20

the body and mind, opinions on how to deal with relationships in a family, friends or lover and topics that focuses more on communication and psychological matters. Her statuses are all about relationships and friendships. She always wants to make sense with what she posts. FOOPETS APPLICATION is one of her favorite game application in FB that she is so addicted and loyal to. She is a certified Facebook addict but she never lets her FB addiction gets her personal social life and ruin her studies. She knows how to balance things and FB is just her hobby when she feels bored or don’t have anything to do. This proves that even if FB has been a very well known site to Filipino students, it doesn’t mean that it will already serve as our social interaction among people. Facebook is still just internet operated and personal interaction and real relationships are way better than network conversation and relationships. And addiction to any social network is a normal thing to student to help in stress relieves but should not be the cause of any personal distraction in a person’s life. “Facebook is just a social network!” she said, as her final words as we ended our interview.

Philippines Facebook Statistics Facebook monitoring helps to improve your business and social media marketing strategy

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in every country. Currently, there are 30265200 Facebook users in the Philippines, which makes it #8 in the ranking of allFacebook statistics by Country. Also, feel free to try our professional social media monitoring tool Analytics PRO – monitor the situation on the market, track and analyze your fans' engagement on your Facebook page, identify key influencers, response rates, and much more. Easily generate the data, compare them with your competitors or with the top brands in your field.

Population

99900177 30265200 8 30.30% 93.66% $0.09 $0.02

Total Facebook Users

Position in the list

Penetration of population

Penetration of online population

Average CPC

Average CPM

Add to Market Insights

Users & Demography for the Philippines

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Our social networking statistics show that Facebook penetration in Philippines is 30.30% compared to the country's population and 93.66% in relation to number of Internet users. The total number of FB users in Philippines is reaching 30265200 and grew by more than 1707080 in the last 6 months. Comparing these nearest countries by penetration of Facebook users shows that Philippines has 0.24% higher FB penetration than San Marino and 0.38% lower FB penetration than Martinique.

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Philippines Facebook demographics is other social media statistics we monitor. The largest age group is currently 18-24 with total of 11 762 500 users, followed by the users in the age of 25-34.

There are 48% male users and 52% female users in Philippines, compared to 64% and 36% in Turkeyand 49% and 51% in France .

5 Filipinos Opens Account per Minute

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Much has been said about the Philippines being among the top social media countries in the world. And all of that is richly deserved. It is indeed a social and hyperconnected world and the statistics bear this out.

The latest data from SocialBakers shows that almost one out of every 4 Filipinos has a Facebook account. As of this writing, there are 27,720,300 Facebook users in the Philippines. That’s about 27.75% of the population and 93.33% of the online population.

Ranked 8th in the world among Facebook countries, about 1,226,960 Facebook users were added over the past 6 months. Breaking it down even further, that’s about 204,493 Facebook users a month or 6,816 users added a day.

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For the Math lovers out there, that equates to 284 users being added every hour or 4.7 users added every minute.

Globally, SocialBakers reports close to 834 million Facebook users with Europe, North America and Asia almost equally split, with about 25% each of the total Facebook population.

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Young and mostly female Of the Philippine Facebook population, 39% of users are 18-24 years old and 24% are 25-34 years old. Combined, this accounts for 63% of the total Facebook population. 52% of all Filipino Facebook users are female which is consistent with the global profile of Facebook.

The biggest growth in Facebook use also came from these two demographics. What is interesting is the decline in growth in the 13-15 demographic. One wonders if this is a portent of things to come about the younger generation and their interest, or lack of interest in, Facebook.

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What could this new wave be about?

While the number of users is an interesting metric to look at, what will be even more revealing is the number of active accounts. And still even more revealing is the number of active conversations on Facebook and what it (Facebook) is being used for.

B. C. Foreign Literature

Is Facebook Good Or Bad For Students? Debate Roils On Does Facebook have a positive or negative effect on students? Oh, if only the issue were so clear-cut! Most recently, OnlineEducation.net, an online database designed to inform current and prospective students about education opportunities in the U.S., compiled a mound of research data on college students and their use of social media.

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On analyzing it, the group could only conclude that the results were inconclusive and mixed. Thus, the debate roils on. Key survey findings include: 96 percent of college students use Facebook; Grades of students who checked Facebook while studying were 20% lower than grades of those who didn’t check Facebook while studying; 79 percent of students did not believe that multitasking in the way mentioned above negatively affected their grades; 20 percent of students that use social media reported feeling connected to their institution; 75 percent of college students reported wanting to collaborate online. None of this is earth-shattering. If a student in the throes of cramming for finals is distracted every few minutes by the urge to check Facebook status updates involving friends’ day-to-day dating sagas and roommate skirmishes, it only makes sense that the student will be less engaged in learning, absorb less knowledge and likely score lower on the big test. Yet, the same results might be seen for students who get up every few minutes to grab a snack, watch TV or incessantly pick up the phone to text or call friends while studying. However, if the student is using Facebook to propel his or her knowledge, for example, by participating in a Facebook group created by a professor for students of a particular class, than the social network may have a positive influence on education and spark the student’s interest in learning certain subject matter.

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For instance, in such a space professors and students can participate in the sharing of knowledge, by posting articles (and responses to them), speaker events, lectures and personal experiences involving topics related to the course. When this happens, Facebook can be a boon to education, actively engaging students in the pursuit of knowledge. Yet, as AllFacebook recently reported, teachers are increasingly discouraged (for good reason) from accepting students’ friend requests.

An important benefit seen in the statistics above is the ability of Facebook to make college students feel socially connected, with a greater sense of community. This can be beneficial in boosting students’ self-esteem. Past studies have shown that students who are active on Facebook are more likely to participate in extra-curricular activities. But, as we have also seen in the news, social media can also have a negative effect on emotional health when abused by cyberbullies who harass and torment peers. Also, as AllFacebook reported, one study found that students with the most friends on Facebook feel more health-harming stress. Thus, students should be warned to not put too much stock in the social network. At the end of the day, students, as all people, of course, are more than the sum of their social network. Ultimately, like with anything, how social media affects students may come down to how it is used and the frequency with which it is used.

For Students, What Is the "Facebook Effect" on Grades? Social media has several effects on academic work — some more positive than others. But what is social networking's overall impact on college students' performance?

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According to data gathered from several sources by OnlineEducation.net, Facebook and Twitter are used to great benefit — sometimes. Students welcome online engagement and resources; around 75% of student respondents said they'd like to do some online collaboration for class, in fact. Also, social media may have a positive impact on students' sense of themselves in the community. Social media-using students were twice as likely as other students to feel well-liked by their peers and to participate in extracurricular activities. And 20% more of Facebook-using students (as compared to students who didn't use Facebook) said they felt connected to their school and community. However, negative effects abound. Students who use Facebook and hit the books simultaneously found their multitasking led to 20% lower grades than those of their more focused peers. Facebook-using students also made less money during school from parttime work, putting in around five hours per week as opposed to 16 hours per week for a typical, unplugged counterpart. Not only do grades and finances suffer, but students might actually end up feeling more depressed or lonely. Almost half of students believe they are sadder than their friends on Facebook, and 25% of college students have shown signs of severe depression in their status updates at one time or another. In a word, the results are inconclusive. But with around 96% of all college students on Facebook, only the most dedicated academics would consider giving up social media for a slightly better GPA.

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In the comments, we'd like to know what impact social media had or has on your academic work. And if your college career pre-dates social media, how do you think college is better or worse because of Facebook?

Studies show effects of Facebook on GPA During the intensive studying and last minute cram sessions of finals week, students often blame Facebook for interfering in their study efforts and fueling procrastination. While Facebook might not be helpful when it comes to studying, it doesn’t mean students’ grades have to suffer. According to a recent study, some types of Facebook use actually correlate with higher grade point averages. Published in Computers in Human Behavior, the study analyzed 1,839 college students’ grades and Facebook usage. These students reported spending an average of 106 minutes each day on Facebook. How those 106 minutes of time on Facebook were spent determines the kind of impact Facebook has on the student, according to the study. Engaging in activities that involve collecting and sharing information, such as sharing informative links, proved to have a positive impact on students’ GPAs. Posting frequent status updates and using Facebook chat, however, were determined to negatively affect GPA. This distinction is one that can also be seen offline and around campus. “Those students who spend more time socializing to the exclusion of engaging in academic work have poor academic outcomes,” the study said.

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At the same time, those who post links and use Facebook to communicate useful information are more likely to be engaged with the outside environment and in the classroom, the study said. Penn State Learning Community Associate, Leagh Anderson said that the impact on GPA could also depend on when the students are accessing Facebook. Those who are frequently updating their statuses are often those who are on Facebook intermittently throughout the day. This intermittent and frequent checking of Facebook can interfere with the time needed to digest and absorb course material, Anderson said. Students Greg Brulo and Amy Niedbala both reported spending up to two hours each day on Facebook. Niedbala said that it sometimes interferes with her studying, but they both agreed that it does not have any sort of negative impact on their grades. “I use Facebook to take a break so I don’t get mentally drained while studying,” Brulo said. “My time management has a stronger correlation to my grades than Facebook.

In the Facebook Era, Students Tell You Everything The impact of Facebook on the college classroom goes far beyond technological innovations and the ability to build relationships. It has led young people to publicly announce intimate personal details without thought of the consequences. And that style of communication has led to some very uncomfortable encounters between students and their professors.

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The first time it happened to me, the student's words came so quickly that I didn't have time to think about my reaction. A young woman approached me in the hall with a smile on her face, and said, "I won't be in class next week because I have to terminate a pregnancy." I was dumbfounded. How could someone share something so private in a public setting with a professor she barely knew? She had been in my class for only six weeks, and we hadn't really established much of a relationship, so I had no idea how to respond. Was she looking for help? Or should I simply treat it like any other notification of an absence?

That incident was one of what has become a series of encounters with students who are so used to social media that they now openly share what was formerly considered private. Posting and tweeting intimate life details are now so normal for them that they think nothing of cavalierly giving too much information to surprised professors. Lest any reader doubt the stories I'm about to tell, let me assure you they all happened as I describe over the past few years. The only facts I've changed are the names of the students involved. Allison walked into my classroom apologizing for missing two weeks of classes by saying she had been in rehab for alcoholism. Stan's excuse, stated in front of the class, was that drugs he was taking for a psychological disorder had caused him to oversleep. Greg said he didn't have his assignment done because he had to go to court after being arrested for punching a guy in a bar fight. Carly texted me that she couldn't make it to class that day because she was in the hospital after having a miscarriage.

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A new advisee, Amy, was in tears as she asked if she could shut my office door. It was her first semester, and she had always had a bright smile on her face in the classroom. But in my office, she told me her grades were suffering because she was having an affair with a local married TV reporter. Such intimate details used to be considered too embarrassing to share. But with Facebook and Twitter, young people think nothing of confiding in strangers. Often the less the students know the person they are communicating with the more willing they are to spill. And they do it bluntly, now that they are used to summarizing life in 140 characters.

Oversharing creates more than a few mixed feelings in the hearts of academics. We know that asking students an innocent question, making a supportive comment, or giving a comforting hug could all be easily misconstrued. It's difficult to know how to react, especially when students announce sensitive circumstances in the classroom. Bill told a room full of students that he was tired every Wednesday morning because he was gambling every Tuesday night and was probably an addict. Becky choked back tears trying to answer a simple textbook question and then apologized, saying her boyfriend had just broken off their engagement a few hours earlier. Normally chipper Elliot told the class he was depressed because of struggles with his live-in boyfriend. One of my student-radio DJ's got on the air and announced that over vacation he had received psychiatric treatment for his bipolar disorder, detailing how he needed help after attacking a female shopper at a store where he was the assistant manager!

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Even personal hygiene has become classroom fodder. Kurt announced at the start of one period that he might miss the next meeting because he was seeing a doctor about a blocked bowel. Jacob and Carol were platonic roommates but complained in my class about each other's gross bathroom habits. It has become normal to hear students proclaim that they have no interest in ever having children, but one senior added that he planned to get a vasectomy as a graduation gift. I even had a student confess that he paid a prostitute to help him get his mind off being stressed about midterm assignments. Most surprising are the athletes who publicly brag about breaking rules that could cause them to lose eligibility for their scholarships. An underage football player complained as I handed him a test that he had been up all night getting drunk with teammates. A runner said that he was unable to complete an assignment after winning a meet and spending the night drinking in celebration. The most baffling aspect for a faculty member to adjust to is that the same young people who now tell you everything have conversely become much more sensitive about what you say to them. An instructor may make an innocent comment, often in response to what is perceived to be open communication, only to have the student take offense. A young woman who spent her entire final semester telling my class about her forthcoming marriage suddenly froze when I asked her one day how the wedding plans were going. I didn't know that her fiancé had recently called it off, and she burst into tears in front of the class. She had changed her status on Facebook and posted numerous public messages about it.

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In another course, during the first-day icebreakers, students randomly picked out questions from a bowl about things like their hometowns or favorite restaurants. One student, whom I knew from his constant talking in other courses, refused to answer when his turn came and he was asked how many kids he wanted. He said that question was "too personal." Normally gregarious students may turn silent when asked about things that used to be considered innocuous, like family background or colleges they previously attended. One guy who openly talked nonstop about his 2-year-old boy got upset one day before class when I asked how the child was. He gave me a serious look and said, "Don't ever mention my son again." I was stunned and apologized to the student afterward, at which time he revealed he was in a new custody battle with the boy's mother after she moved out of town. I've learned that while Twitter-addicted young adults usually have no problem sharing too much information with strangers, it has to be at their own initiative. They think nothing of sending out personal messages that would make many of us blush but then turn around to perceive seemingly innocuous questions or comments from faculty members as "judgmental" or "disrespectful." In this Facebook age, young people expect everyone to be a "friend" who is willing to accept whatever they "post." As a natural reactor who likes to respond to what students say, I have learned it is important to hold my tongue and show no expression during their startling revelations. I may want to drop my jaw and scream "Why are you telling this to strangers?," but I must remain neutral and act like whatever they say is totally normal.

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That's how I responded after a student submitted a video assignment on his flash drive because he had difficulties getting it to me online. He just handed me the drive to use for grading his project, but when I later inserted it into my laptop there were no titles on the numbered files. So I clicked on the first file. The dark, grainy footage showed the head of a girl performing fellatio on my student in the front seat of a car. That obviously wasn't the class project.

I opened a second file, and they were both naked. I eventually located the correct video to grade but was amazed that he gave me a drive with such intimate material. When I handed the flash drive back to him at the start of the next class period, I didn't make a comment and kept my facial expression neutral. I had learned that no matter what students share in this Facebook era, sometimes it's wisest not to comment on their status. Stephen Winzenburg is a professor of communication at Grand View University in Des Moines and author of The Communication Job Search Handbook and TV Programming Perspectives.

The Negative Effects of Facebook As many people know Facebook is one of the largest social networks in the world today. Facebook is helping people connect with their friends, and relatives from all over the world. It makes human begin life much easier. However, since Facebook is getting well-known, bad things start to take place. There are two effects that I want to talk about Facebook Has a Negative Impact on the Concentration of Students, about 70-75 percent of high school students are falling behind in class because they spend many hours

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on Facebook. Therefore, it leads to lack of time to studying or concentration on school work. Therefore, the percentage of student repeating the class is higher every year. Students watch adult movie on Facebook- As Facebook becomes popular , there are more users uploading a lot of music videos that was over 18. The problem is that on Facebook there are many middle school students around 8-9 years old always playing around, so the chance that they would watch adult videos is very high. Furthermore, there are many users posting photos of their body and putting its up there so it make affect the little kids who always playing around on the site In my opinion, Facebook has become a place where you can watch any movies and do not have to consider age. So I strongly believe that parents should do something to keep their kids from watching or learning what they are not supposed to. Facebook will not do anything about it because if they do not allow the customer to posting videos or photos they will lose profit. It is very hard to keep track since there are million of users on Facebook. So it is in the parents hands now.

Facebook’s Side Effects Around the world, billions of brightly lit computer screens reflect a blue tint on their masters as the iconic ‘f’ takes over the screen. With games, friends, and easy sharing from nearly every website about nearly everything, Facebook is an internet giant that has a fierce grip on quite possibly the whole World Wide Web, or at least its users. The social media giant adds a positive spin on teen’s lives but also adds more stress, “A lot of it is negative like wasting time when you could be doing homework,” said senior Giovanni Cerutti.

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As homework stacks up, the stress doubles for most students, which makes them want to escape. Where they go, ironically enough is back onto Facebook, causing a vicious cycle. Positively, though, students can find Facebook to be a useful tool. “I talk to friends mostly I go on very rarely but when I do, I talk to friends because I don’t have a phone,” said sophomore Chris McCarter. The site can be especially handy when a student misses an assignment and needs to make it up quickly. With their web of peers on hand the student can usually find a fellow classmate to help. Others use it to track various other interests or hobbies such as photography, skateboarding, or music. “The best things about Facebook are being able to show your friends things like pictures and/or videos. Another good thing is the ability to be able to ‘follow’ your favorite bands and knowing when they’re touring,” Cerutti said. Facebook sometimes isn’t the true issue but its users and what’s going on when teachers are away. “[The] worst is probably like, people can legitimately stalk you no matter how private you set your profile, people from all around the world can still view your profile somehow through others,” said senior Brittany Eastman, Alongside the threat of cyber bullying, Facebook sometimes doesn’t hold up a bright image amongst students. Drama that is left at a standstill at school multiplies online with the power of anonymity, without the responsibility of facing the person you’re insulting, bullying becomes increasingly severe. “I have been cyber bullied as well as seen it. They were attacking me for dancing with someone’s ex, eventually I just blocked them” said Eastman.

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What doesn’t seem very harmful can bring a person to the brink. Conflicts at school can continue and exponentially grow to the point where some attacks can push victims harm themselves. From this the harm will grow to attempting and sometimes succeeding in ending their own lives. Facebook has the pros and cons of any website, if it’s positive or not is purely up to the users and how they use it either as a tool, a weapon, or a time waster. Students should always caution themselves with what they allow to be published on the site and remember that a screen won’t always hide your identity.

What Facebook Does to Kids' Brains People love to sensationalize the deleterious effects of new-fangled tech on the impressionable brains of children. Psychologist Larry D. Rosen's presentation to the American Psychological Association is a little more nuanced than "Facebook Rots Kids' Brains," but it still has plenty to be concerned about. (His title: "“Poke Me: How Social Networks Can Both Help and Harm Our Kids.") Facebook is only seven years old and has only been open to non-college students for five years (kids under 13 are not officially allowed to join), so researchers have not had much time to study the emotional, physical, and psychological effects it could have on kids. But science has proven at least one thing: Facebook does something to some people's brains, probably. The good

Kids who spend more time on Facebook learn to show "virtual empathy"

to their friends online, Rosen found.

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For less social kids, Facebooking can help these teens learn to socialize,

explains Rosen.

When making friends on the social network, kids are more likely to

overlook race and make friends based on interest, a UCLA study found.

Facebook can improve the self-esteem of college students, according to a

Cornell study.

Silly status updates can help breed desirable traits like entrepreneurship, a

report from the National IT Center claimed.

Facebook raises kids' self-esteem.

The bad
• • •

Facebook breeds narcissism. While it also lowers kids' self-esteem. Young adults who have a strong Facebook presence show more signs of

other psychological disorders and are more susceptible to future health problem, found Rosen.
• •

Facebook doesn't prepare kids for real-life talking. The social network makes kids depressed, found an American Academy of

Pediatrics study.
• •

It's addictive. It's distracting.

In other words, it's kind of like middle school. 42

10 Adverse Effects Facebook For Students Facebook negative impact on teenagers, students and children. Facebook negative impact is increasingly felt, even though the Facebookers many are not aware of the influence of negati facebook. Perhaps because the name is already addicted to facebook. But it is precisely this that is dangerous, which is not realized. Okay, for you the youth and students as well as children, you must know what the negative impact of this facebook. Because of facebook users is dominated by the 14-24 year olds as much as 61.1%. 1. No matter with the surrounding People who are addicted to facebook too preoccupied with his own world (the world which he created) that does not care about other people and the environment around it. Someone who has been addicted to facebook often experience this. No matter with their surroundings, their world turned into a world of facebook. Some say autism. 2. Lack of socialization with the environment This impact of too frequent and too old to play facebook. It's quite alarming for the development of the social life of the child. They are supposed to learn socialization with the environment even more to spend more time in cyberspace with friends who average facebooknya discuss something that is not important. As a result the child's verbal abilities declined. Of course autism is here not in the literal sense. 3. Wasting money

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Internet access to open facebook obviously affect the financial condition (especially if access from the cafe). And the cost of the Internet in Indonesia is likely to still expensive when compared to other countries (and even many free ones). This could be categorized as waste, because it is not productive. Another matter if they use it for business purposes. 4. Distemper Too much sitting in front of the monitor without doing any activity, sport has never really pose a risk to health. Disease will be easy to come. Late irregular eating and sleeping. Obesity (overweight), stomach diseases (gastrointestinal), and eye disease are health problems most likely to occur. 5. Reduced learning time It is obvious, too old to play facebook will reduce the allotted time to study the child as a learner. There are even some who are still busy playing facebook while at school. 6. Lack of attention to family The family home is number one. The slogan is no longer valid for the Facebookers. Make their friends on facebook is number one. Not infrequently their attention to the family to be reduced. 7. The spread of personal data Some Facebookers provide data about the data itself with great detail. Usually this is for people who know the Internet was limited to only facebook. They do not know the risk is to spread personal data on the internet. Remember the data is easy once the data on the internet is leaking, let alone facebook easily hacked!

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8. Easily find something pornography It was easy for the Facebookers find something that smells of porn. Because the two things are the most widely searched on the internet and also the easiest to find. nah, it's a fact not adult intenet users of Indonesia. Just use the Internet to search for content "slimy". On facebook would be very easy to find the group ***, group lonely aunt, etc bispak girl group. 9. Prone to the dispute The lack of control of managers facebook against its members and immaturity facebook users themselves create friction between Facebookers often occur. The most phenomenal example is the case "Evan Brimob" some time ago. Evan Brimob is a new member of the police who know facebook. Please search on google about Evan Brimob wrote with a statement that the controversy: "The police do not need society". 10. Beware of scams! Like other media media, facebook also vulnerable to fraud. Especially for children who do not understand the ins and outs of the internet. For the fraudster themselves, the virtual world conditions that completely anonymous obviously very profitable.

Facebook Effects on Students I've been a Facebook member for about five years now. I was fourteen when I first created my profile, and I must admit, like many of my peers and friends, I've become an avid user. I've always had an interest in the newest social medias. As a sophomore now in college, I find myself using Facebook while doing homework, in class, or just

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when I'm bored. Facebook has several uses, to me. I use it to create groups for projects, events, etc., communicate with friends and family, or to find out the latest events in Miami. I for one am not against Facebook. Do I think it can become a distraction for academic excellence like most people say? Absolutely! With that being said, I recently read an article called "Impact of Facebook Usage on Students' Academic Achievement: Role of Self-Regulation and Trust" written by Sana Rouis, Moez Limayem, and Esmail Saleni-Sangan. In the article, they talk about the extended amount of time that students are spending on Facebook. Although many students agree that Facebook is both time consuming and distracting, they still continue to use it on a daily basis. The average student spends 30-35 minutes, however some students spend up to eight hours a day. The main concern here is that with these long hours, students may possibly be decreasing their academic performance and jeopardizing their grades.

During the long hours that these students spend on Facebook, they are not only distracting themselves, but they are focusing their productivity on Facebook posts and videos, rather than preparing for homework, tests, etc. This leads to poor results and a decrease in overall global achievement. The article also factors in self-regulation and cognitive absorption. They hypothesized that students who practice self-regulation, set goals for themselves, therefore they practice less usage of online activity. Cognitive absorption refers to how captivated the students are in the tasks they are performing online. The more they are immersed in these tasks, the less concentration they use on other tasks. They hypothesized that a high level of cognitive immersion on Facebook

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decreases the students academic achievements, and the higher level of cognitive absorption in Facebook increases the student's time on the website. Although the usage on Facebook depends on the personality and overall goals of the student, I feel as if these facts in general are accurate. Every student knows that Facebook is distracting, a social media used when procrastinating, and takes up a lot of time. However, if students, myself included, know this then why do they continue to use it? I am guilty of saying these things as well, yet I have my Facebook open in the tab next to this one. I think the problem here is not Facebook, it's the motivation that some students lack. This generation is so attached to social networks, cell phones, and technology in general that I think they are afraid that in the thirty minutes it takes to do an assignment that they will miss out on something in their social life. As technology continues to develop, it is my job, as a future educator, to teach students to set personal goals for themselves, so they can be the students that will spend less time on social media and more time being productive.

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VIII. SUMMARY

Facebook has become an addiction for many. Instead of students concentrating on their homework or studying for a big test the next day, they are spending hours looking through pictures, answering their page comments, and chatting with friends on the site’s instant messenger. Facebook has consumed good grades and face-to-face communication is in jeopardy.

Even students who are active users of Facebook indicate some concerns about the long hours they spend surfing the site. However, other students consider their time spend on Facebook valuable, because it enables them to exchange news with friends and family, learn about others’ activities, and have fun with various activities. They also regard their Facebook breaks as a means to renew their energy so that they can perform better on their subsequent tasks.

Students who use Facebook and hit the books simultaneously found their multitasking led to lower grades than those of their more focused peers. Facebook-using students also made less money during school from part-time work, putting in around five hours per week as opposed to 16 hours per week for a typical, unplugged counterpart.

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Not only do grades and finances suffer, but students might actually end up feeling more depressed or lonely. Almost half of students believe they are sadder than their friends on Facebook, and some students have shown signs of severe depression in their status updates at one time or another.

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IX. CONCLUSION

Usage of Facebook is overwhelming, we get in touch with our loved ones, relatives, and friends.We get to know the latest news and issues, we can participate in an online discussions and many more. Facebook is also an efficient social capitalization tool. It let every single individuals to present themselves, and begin or keep connections with others. Facebook associates can also join groups based on common interests, see what things they have in common, and learn each others' hobbies, interests, favorite music, and romantic relationship status through their pages.

Few of the side effects of Facebook adversely affects on a students' behavior and performance, one of the biggest effect is too much time on the internet. Another dramatic changed seen in students behavior is that they will not spent the required time on studies as they are asked to, brag about theposition and level that they are on the games online, how many friends are their as their partners, scores, records etc. Students who have not achieved these positions on online games will now also join in adding tothe adverse effects of Facebook.

Facebook also has a large impact to students. Some students are using it for educational purposes. Students would like to do some online collaboration with

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classmates. It is said that using Facebook boosts students’ self-esteem even more. They would feel belongingness in the community compared to those who do not have accounts. It also provides news on what are happening in the real world and even in their school. On the other hand, negative effects flourish. It was found that social networking sites has formed a new kind of addiction which we called the "social media addiction" and it is quite true in using Facebook. Students who spend much of their time online find it harder to focus in class and have short attention span. Students are becoming obsessed with social media sites such as Facebook. Instead of studying, they go using Facebook that's why they got 20% lower grades.

Facebook-using students even perform task (projects or assignments) without completion for the reason that they spend more time scrolling down on their newsfeed to see updates about their friends and look up for their notifications rather than finishing their school tasks. Aside that Facebook affects students’ academic performance; it also has an effect on students’ emotional health. Yes, students feel connected to others but study but somehow they manifest depression through seeing their status updates. Some would utilize the site to express what they feel towards their enemy in school or even outside the campus. They would blurt out through posting status that would target their opponent just to hurt their feelings.

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X. RECOMMENDATION

Time management, commitment and focus as the attitude help student decrease the negative effect of Facebook. I recommend some ways in which students can avoid Facebook successfully or at least minimize the amount of time that they spend on Facebook;

Avoid Facebook Requests: Every day we get several requests through Facebook. These include requests for friendship from strangers, requests for filling up surveys, or even requests to play some game. Make it a policy to ignore all requests in Facebook. Only confirm friends whom you know outside of Facebook. Ignore game requests no matter how interesting it may sound. At the end of the day, playing a video game or a Facebook game is an addictive pastime and a serious waste of time. Most often, the apps and games in Facebook are designed to send mass requests to all friends in one’s friends list. Therefore, you need not feel upset about saying ‘no’ to these requests. In fact, if you are very keen on minimizing Facebook time, then you may even want to block friends who are prolific game players on Facebook and are constantly bombarding you with requests.

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Manage Notifications: One of the simple steps that you can take to minimize Facebook time wasters is to set your account settings in such a way that you do not receive notification emails for every activity in Facebook. Switch off the notification emails in your account settings. You can also filter out the emails from Facebook in your email client as well. You can always keep yourselves updated by checking the notifications when you log in into Facebook. That way, you decide on when you want to use Facebook and it is not governed by the frequency in which your friends update their status messages.

Say ‘no’ to apps and games: This is the biggest time waster in Facebook and you have to be firm in avoiding these in Facebook apps and games. Facebook was designed for friends to keep in touch with each other. Games should be played not virtually but in the real world. If you like playing games, why not choose a sport that you like and try to practice it. This will help you to avoid Facebook games and at the same time help you in enjoying games as well.

Be offline in chat: Facebook chat is another area where you end up wasting far more time than you originally intended. Make sure that you remain offline in chat while you are logged in into Facebook. This way you can minimize chat requests from friends through Facebook. If you want to talk to your friends call them up instead of chatting on Facebook. This way you will be able to control the amount of time that you spend on Facebook.

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XI. BIBLIOGRAPHY

Andrews, Julie D. "Is Facebook Good Or Bad For Students? Debate Roils On" Retrieved April 28, 2011, from http://allfacebook.com/is-facebook-good-or-bad-forstudents-debate-roils-on_b41357

Greenfield, Rebecca. "What Facebook Does to Kids' Brains" Retrieved August 8, 2011, from http://www.theatlanticwire.com/technology/2011/08/what-facebook-does-kidsbrains/40973/

Hall, Steven. "Facebook’s Side Effects Filed under Student Life" Retrieved January 12, 2012, from http://www.thegrowlonline.com/student-life/2012/01/12/facebooks-sideeffects/

Magdaong, Caren Rose. "Facebook Addiction of Filipino Students" Retrieved August 19, 2010, from http://therealcreativegeniuses.blogspot.com/2010/08/facebook-addiction-offilipino-students.html

Marquez, Alfonso Avila. "The Facebook Effect." Philippine Daily Inquirer. March 4, 2011.

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Mehdizadeh, Soraya. "Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social NetworkingNarcissism and Self-Esteem on Facebook" Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking This Is Your Brain on Facebook.

O'Dell Jolie. "For Students, What Is the "Facebook Effect" on Grades?" Retrieved April 27, 2011, from http://mashable.com/2011/04/27/facebook-effect-students/

Parnala, Adam. "How do Social Networking Sites Affect Students?" Retrieved April 16, 2012, from http://www.noypigeeks.com/featured/how-do-social-networking-sites-affectstudents

Riden, Emily "Studies show effects of Facebook on GPA" Retrieved December 11, from http://uwire.com/2011/12/07/studies-show-effects-of-facebook-on-gpa/

Rosen, Larry D. "Social Networking’s Good and Bad Impacts on Kids" American Psychological Association.

Ruiz, Rebecca R. "Facebook’s Impact on Student Grades" Retrievered October 21, 2011, from http://thechoice.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/10/21/fbook-grades

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Tran, Alex. "The Negative Effects of Facebook" Retrieved November 4, 2011, from http://community.mis.temple.edu/mis3538b2/2011/11/04/the-negative-effects-offacebook/

Winzenburg, Stephen. "In the Facebook Era, Students Tell You Everything" Retrieved July 29, 2012, from http://chronicle.com/article/In-the-Facebook-Era-Students/133169/

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