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‫ﺑﺴﻢ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻴﻢ‬

‫ﻛﻴﻒ ﺗﻌﺮﺏ ﺳﻼﻛﺲ‬


‫‪How to make an Arabic Slax‬‬
‫ﺑﻮﺍﺳﻄﺔ‪ :‬ﺷﻌﻴﺐ ﺯﺍﻫﺪﺓ‬

‫ﺍﻷﺧﻮﺓ ﺍﻷﻋﺰﺍﺀ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﻭﺭﲪﺔ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺑﺮﻛﺎﺗﻪ‬


‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﻠﻒ ﻛﺘﺐ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﺗﻮﺛﻴﻖ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺹ ﺍﳊﻲ )ﺳﻼﻛﺲ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﰊ(‪Arabic Slax‬‬

‫ﻳﺘﻤﻴﺰ ﺇﺻﺪﺍﺭ ﺳﻼﻛﺲ ﺑﺼﻐﺮ ﺣﺠﻤﻪ ﻭﺳﻬﻮﻟﺔ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻠﺔ ﺃﻭ ﲣﺼﻴﺼﻪ ﻟﻸﻏﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﻞ ﻣﺎ ﲢﺘﺎﺟﺔ ﻋﺰﻳﺰﻱ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺭﺉ ﻟﺘﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﺳﻼﻛﺲ ﻫﻮ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻨﻜﺲ ﻭﺍﻹﺭﺍﺩﺓ ﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺷﻲﺀ ﻣﺎ‪.‬‬

‫ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺛﻴﻖ ﺃﲢﺪﺙ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳋﻄﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﻣﺘﻬﺎ ﻭﺃﺯﻭﺩﻛﻢ ﺑﺎﳌﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﱵ ﰎ ﺗﻐﲑﻫﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﻭﻝ ﺧﻄﻮﺓ ﻫﻲ ﲢﻤﻴﻞ ﺇﺻﺪﺍﺭ ﺳﻼﻛﺲ ﺍﻷﺻﻠﻲ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ‬
‫‪http://www.slax.org/download.php‬‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻔﻀﻞ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﰲ ﺑﻴﺌﺔ ﻟﻴﻨﻜﺲ ﻟﻜﻦ ﳝﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﰲ ﺑﻴﺌﺔ ﻭﻧﺪﻭﺯ ﻋﱪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪MySlax‬‬
‫‪Creator‬‬
‫‪/http://myslax.bonsonno.org‬‬
‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻤﻜﻦ ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻞ ﺃﻱ ﺍﺻﺪﺍﺭ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺹ ﺍﳊﻲ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﻮﻧﺪﻭﺯ‪ .‬ﻳﺘﻢ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻋﱪ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﻳﺴﻤﻰ ‪Virtual‬‬
‫‪Machine Player.‬‬
‫‪/http://www.vmware.com‬‬

‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺗﱰﻳﻞ ﻧﺴﺨﺔ ‪ ISO‬ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﳚﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﻋﺰﻳﺰﻱ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺭﺉ ﺃﻥ ﲢﺪﺩ ﻫﺪﻓﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺹ‬
‫ﰲ ﺣﺎﻟﱵ ﻓﺈﻥ ﻫﺪﰲ ﻫﻮ ﺗﺰﻭﻳﺪ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﰊ ﺑﺈﺻﺪﺍﺭ ﺳﻼﻛﺲ ﺑﺎﻟﻮﺍﺟﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻭﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﱪﺍﻣﺞ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻔﻴﺪﺓ ﻟﻪ‪.‬‬

‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﲢﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻷﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺑﺪﺃ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ‬


‫ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﺟﻌﻞ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺟﻬﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﳚﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ ﲢﻤﻴﻞ ﺍﳌﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﳋﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺬﻟﻚ ‪ .module‬ﻳﺘﻮﻓﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺳﻼﻛﺲ ﻣﻠﻒ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﺐ‪ .‬ﲪﻠﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻫﻨﺎ‬
‫‪http://www.slax.org/modules.php?category=multilang&id=238&n‬‬
‫‪ame=Arabic+Language+interface+1.0‬‬
‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﱪﺍﻣﺞ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻀﺎﻑ ﺍﱃ ﻗﺮﺹ ﺳﻼﻛﺲ ﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﲢﻤﻞ ﺍﻻﻣﺘﺪﺍﺩ ‪ .mo‬ﻭﳚﺐ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺘﻢ ﲣﺰﻳﻨﻬﺎ ﰲ‬
‫ﳎﻠﺪ ﺍﲰﻪ ‪)modules‬ﺳﻨﺘﺤﺪﺙ ﻋﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻻﺣﻘﺎ(‪.‬‬

‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺗﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﲢﻤﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﱪﺍﻣﺞ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻀﻌﻬﺎ ﰲ ﺇﺻﺪﺍﺭﻙ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺳﻼﻛﺲ‪.‬‬
‫‪http://www.slax.org/modules.php‬‬

‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﻣﻜﺎﻧﻚ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻛﻞ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳋﻄﻮﺍﺕ ﻋﱪ ‪ MySlax Creator‬ﰲ ﺑﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﻧﺪﻭﺯ‬

‫ﺍﻻﻥ ﺳﻨﺒﺪﺃ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺪﺙ ﻋﻦ ﺍ‪‬ﻠﺪﺍﺕ ﰲ ﺍﺻﺪﺍﺭ ﺳﻼﻛﺲ‪.‬‬


‫ﻳﻮﺟﺪ ﳎﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﳎﻠﺪﺍﺕ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ‪:‬‬
‫‪ : Modules‬ﻧﻀﻊ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍ‪‬ﻠﺪ ﺍﻟﱪﺍﻣﺞ ﺍﻟﱵ ﳓﻤﻠﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻭﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﺳﻼﻛﺲ ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻴﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﱰﻳﻠﻬﺎ‬
‫ﰲ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻹﻗﻼﻉ‪.‬‬
‫‪ Rootcopy:‬ﻳﺘﻢ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍ‪‬ﻠﺪ ﲣﺰﻳﻦ ﺍﳌﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻠﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﺍﳊﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ‬
‫ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪﺓ‪ .‬ﺗﺬﻛﺮ ﺃﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍ‪‬ﻠﺪ ﳝﺜﻞ )‪ (/‬ﺍﻭ ﺍﻝ ‪root directory‬‬

‫ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﺟﻌﻞ ﺳﻼﻛﺲ ﻳﻘﻠﻊ ﺑﺎﻟﻮﺍﺟﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻭﻳﻜﺘﺐ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﳚﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﺍﳌﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻭﺿﻌﻬﺎ ﺣﺴﺐ ﺍﳌﺴﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻣﻞ ﰲ ﳎﻠﺪ ‪rootcopy.‬‬

‫ﺃﻭﻝ ﻣﻠﻒ ﳓﺘﺎﺝ ﺍﱃ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻠﻪ ﻫﻮ ‪/etc/inittab :‬‬


‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﻠﻒ ﻣﺴﺆﻭﻝ ﻋﻦ ﺗﺸﻐﻴﻞ ﺳﻼﻛﺲ ﺇﻣﺎ ﰲ ﺑﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻴﺔ‪ command line‬ﺃﻭ ﻭﺍﺟﻬﺔ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ‪GUI‬‬
‫ﺍﻹﻋﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺿﻴﺔ ﳍﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﻠﻒ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺬﻫﺎﺏ ﺍﱃ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ ‪ runlevel‬ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻲ ﻭﳝﺜﻞ ﺑﺮﻗﻢ ‪3‬‬
‫ﺍﻻﻥ ﳓﺘﺎﺝ ﺍﱃ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻠﻪ ﻟﻴﺬﻫﺐ ﺍﱃ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭﻱ ﺃﻭ ﻭﺍﺟﻬﺔ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ‪ GUI‬ﻭﲤﺜﻞ ﺑﺮﻗﻢ ‪4‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﺳﻴﻜﻮﻥ ﻛﺎﻟﺘﺎﱄ‬


‫)‪# Default runlevel. (Do not set to 0 or 6‬‬
id:4:initdefault:
‫ ا   ا‬inittab ‫ و  ا ا‬etc ‫
 أن
 ا‬
.rootcopy ! " 

 !‫ع "ا‬$‫ إ ا


اول  ا‬.‫ا
ا ه أه

اق‬
/etc/profile.d/lang.sh %"&'‫ا‬
 ‫ ا‬lang.sh ‫ و  ا‬/etc/profile.d ‫
 أن
 ا‬
.rootcopy ! "
# en_US is the Slackware default locale:
export LANG=ar_SA
export LC_COLLATE=ar_SA
%"&'‫*
) "
( ا‬+ ‫م‬-.‫ ا‬/'!
/'+
‫ا ا‬0‫ه‬
Arabic %"&'‫ ا
( ا‬/12Ar
Saudi +‫ ا'د‬/12 SA

:%
%4‫ت ا‬6
‫ إ ا‬27 ‫ن‬9‫ا‬
.A?. ‫رة‬D ‫م أي‬FG2 ‫ أو‬%6
G‫ ا‬H2 ‫ أن‬I%
;4+ : ;<‫ ?>= ا‬%6
@ •
slax- ‫رة ب‬H‫ ا‬2 ‫ أن‬.2 9‫ و‬rootcopy J ‫ ار ا‬KL‫ أ‬M
wallpaper.jpg
/opt/kde/share/wallpapers/slax-wallpaper.jpg
‫ﰲ ﺣﺎﻟﱵ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﳋﻠﻔﻴﺔ‬
‫@ل‬F‫ ا‬/%42 %6
@ ‫@&ى ه‬P‫رة ا‬H‫ا‬
‫ ار ا‬J  -6Q‫رة و‬H‫ ا‬%H2 I%
;4+
/opt/kde/share/wallpapers
.‫ء‬L2 ‫  آ‬%2 ‫ أن‬I< " I0 ‫رة‬H‫ ا‬T0  %' ?‫ ا‬F!+ 9
%‫ادات ا‬F 9" ‫ ا
ا‬/ ‫ ا‬I‫ ذ‬F'"
/opt/kde/share/config/kdm/backgroundrc
[Desktop0]
Wallpaper=/opt/kde/share/wallpapers/flower.jpg
WallpaperMode=Scaled
.‫ﺣﺴﺐ ﺍﳌﺴﺎﺭ‬rootcopy ‫ﻭﻻ ﺗﻨﺴﻰ ﻣﺮﺓ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻀﻊ ﺍﳌﻠﻒ ﰲ‬

.‫ﰲ ﺣﺎﻟﱵ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﳋﻠﻔﻴﺔ‬


(
" =%26‫ ا‬Q
" "<‫ ا‬%< ‫ أي ا‬%"&'‫ت ا<" "
( ا‬6
‫ إ‬27 ‫ن‬9‫ا‬
/root/.kde/share/config/kdeglobals .%"&'‫ا‬

‫ أن ا‬W<.% J .'2 >*.‫ ا‬.
‫ء ا‬L‫ إ‬F. .kde J >*.‫ إ ا‬A‫)إ‬
(6G
rootcopy J ‫; ار‬Q Y@‫ و‬%‫ادت ا‬F 9"
‫ ا‬7L‫أ‬
[Locale]
Country=sa
Language=ar_SA

input method Z ‫&ا‬A‫ ا‬J %"&'‫ص ا‬H.‫ "\د@ل ا‬I =+ ‫ا
ا‬
/root/.kde/share/config/kxkbrc
[Layout]
Additional=ar,us
Layout=ar
Variants=ar(basic),us(intl)
‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻹﻋﺪﺍﺩﺕ ﺍﻟﱵ ﲤﻜﻨﻚ ﺍﳊﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺇﺻﺪﺍﺭ ﺳﻼﻛﺲ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ )ﻭﺍﺟﻬﺔ ﻋﺮﺑﻴﺔ(‪.‬‬

‫ﺍﻻﻥ ﺑﺄﻣﻜﺎﻧﻚ ﺇﻧﺸﺎﺀ ﻧﺴﺨﺔ ﺍﻝ ‪ISO‬ﻭﺍﻻﺳﺘﻤﺘﺎﻉ ‪‬ﺎ‪.‬‬


‫ﺍﻻﺧﻮﺓ ﺍﻻﻋﺰﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺎﺀ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﻲ ﻋﻦ ﺃﻱ ﺧﻄﺄ ﻟﻐﻮﻱ ﺃﻭ ﺗﺮﲨﺔ ﻟﺒﻌﺾ ﺍﳌﺼﻄﻠﺤﺎﺕ‪ .‬ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺇﻥ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻻﺣﺪﻛﻢ‬
‫ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﻠﻒ ﻓﺄﻧﺎ ﺟﺎﻫﺰ ﻟﺬﻟﻚ‪.‬‬

‫ﳌﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻔﺴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺭﺍﺳﻠﲏ ﻋﱪ ﺍﻟﱪﻳﺪ ﺍﻻﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﱐ‬


‫‪Shuaib85@yahoo.com‬‬