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Room Temperature Catalyst, Heat, Pressure Acid *in conc.

H2SO4 H2O H2O Alcohols Alkenes H halogen OH2

Ethers

KMnO4/Cr2O72in H2SO4 H+ and Heat

H2 Ketones 2 secondary alcohol carboxylic acid Esters OH1 primary H2 alcohol Aldehydes (O) Alkanes H2O H /OH
+ -

Heat

(O) 3 tertiary H2O

Alkynes H2

(O)

H+ + OH-

NH3 Amides H+/OH-

Carboxylic Acids

Alkyl Halides halogen

amine

Amines

NH3

NH3/amine*