Nowadays one of the biggest problems which all human beings are facing is the environmental pollution.

The introduction of harmful contaminants into air, water or soil can have dire effects on entire ecosystems, making life more difficult for humans, plants and animals. Children and the elderly are particularly susceptible to the health effects from these toxins. But who is the principal responsible of this situation? Which are the effects? We all know that air pollution is not a new topic. It is a problem that we have noticed since the industrial revolution, when trees, houses and cars were covered in soot from the factories. However, at the early part of twenty century, the principal enemy of the environment has become the men itself. So, let`s talk about littering. Litter is unsightly and dangerous. It often consists of plastic, metal or glass — materials that do not break down easily in the environment. People, especially children, can be seriously hurt by a broken bottle or a rusty piece of discarded metal. Moreover, medical and sanitary wastes are biohazards that can make people sick. In addition, Litter also destroys the beauty of parks and beaches, making people avoid these areas. Litter is toxic to wildlife, especially marine animals. How that happens? Because street litter washes into storm drains, into our waterways and ultimately ends up in the ocean. Some of this litter washes back up onto beaches. Some stays in the water, where it can kill wildlife. But not only this area is affected. Birds are particularly susceptible to entanglement as they collect material for their nests. Litter can also smother and damage seabeds. Toxic substances from litter also accumulates in fish, exposing the people and animals further up the food chain to these pollutants.

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