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inglisuri enis saxelmZRvanelo
s - 4
tatiana bukia konsultanti Barrie Watson
saxelmZRvanelo rekomendebulia erovnuli saswavlo gegmebisa da Sefasebis
New 2000 Plus, inglisuri enis saxelmZRvanelo 7 wignad me-3 _ me-9 klasebi.
Moving on. IX klasi
avtori: tatiana bukia Consultant: Barrie Watson (British Council)
saxelmZRvanelos Semadgeneli nawilebi: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. moswavlis wigni savarjiSo rveuli testebi maswavleblis wigni CD (an audiokaseta)
Acknowledgements Special thanks are due to my consultant Mr. Barrie Watson, the English language development officer of the British Council, the initiator of the teaching materials development project, for the insightful comments and contribution to the project, the suggestions he gave me in the course of writing the book, and also for his voice on the tape. I owe thanks to the Peace Corps Georgia volunteer Ms. Erin Dewitt for recording the cassette accompanying the book. The author is grateful to the Foreign languages department of the Ministry of education and science, and especially Marina Chkhikvadze, expert of the English language, for the critical remarks given in the process of revising the book. I would greatly appreciate any critical remarks from teachers.
saavtoro ufleba © 2008 gamomcemloba “ocdameerTe” yvela ufleba daculia pirveli gamocema 2008 ISBN 978-99940-978-6-9 gamomcemloba “ocdameerTe” telefoni: 103.205; mob.: 877-74-21-46 el. fosta: firstname.lastname@example.org veb gverdi: bukia21st.ge
S i n a a r s i saxelmZRvanelos Sinaarsisa da miznebis ruka
Sesavali 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. visTvis aris es wigni kursis Senadgeneli nawilebi kursis miznebi ras Seicavs moswavlis wigni? kursis aRweriloba ZiriTadi principebi rogor warvmarToT gakveTili
9 praqtikuli rCevebi 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. axali masalis axsna (leqsika, gramatika) leqsikonis gamoyeneba rogor davexmaroT sityvebis gagebaSi rogor davexmaroT sityvebis damaxsovrebaSi rogor davexmaroT mosmenis unar-Cvevis CamoyalibebaSi rogor davexmaroT laparakis unar-Cvevis CamoyalibebaSi rogor davexmaroT kiTxvis unar-Cvevis CamoyalibebaSi rogor davexmaroT weris unar-Cvevis CamoyalibebaSi gramatika
10. TviT-Semowmebis testebi III IV V VI VII VIII IX X 11. savarjiSo rveuli erovnuli saswavlo gegma, standarti
ixileT “ucxouri enis 14 14 16 22 22 25
standarti”, sabazo/saSualo safexuris IV done. saswavlo masalis wardgenis fazebi gakveTilis dagegmva sanimuSo gakveTilebi saxelmZRvanelos struqtura Sefasebis formebi maswavleblis cnobari pasuxebiT yoveli gakveTilisTvis danarTi I. II. mosasmeni davalebebis teqstebi gakveTilis warmarTvis ena 59 66 67 69
III. testebis pasuxebi IV. damatebiTi masala
17 Wr 21. yet…) and its place in the sentence 3. 2 Adverbial modifier of time (ever. 2. business.13. give advice.14. software. quarrel. Yes/No questions. The value of friendship Young people’s problems 3. Reported speech: ‘Wh’ questions. recycle. leisure activities. degrees of comparison.26.6. 17 Wr 20. money.22 LL 23. Subject and predicate 3. 11. 24 CD 25.27 pollution.5.27 Learning for living 1. 21.26.8. go out.6. love reading. waste. 2.7.good/well. threat to environment.7.3 Sp 4.13.24 CD 25. jealous.22 LL 23. Listening: How cities grow (Seattle) 4. 19.8 R 9. loss.5. market research. 11.Listening:Kinds of garbage Reading: Scavengers 4. resolve a conflict. ment. 1. Grammar 1.Compound/Complex sentence. successful. We are surrounded by ads 3. already..7. 3 Sp 4. fast.13. settle differences. just..saxelmZRvanelos Sinaarsisa da miznebis ruka Language Unit 1 Topic structure and vocabulary compulsory education.5.14. eexhaust fumes. The problem of one school 2 Money. 1. free of charge. ecology.8.Word building ship. forgive. smoke. wellpaid jobs. argue. prosperous. garbage. earn. Object 4. and adverbs hard.13.5.Past perfect 2.8. R 9. Starting a business 2. money.11.The future in the past simple tense Revision 2. 16 17 Wr.27 4 .21.3 Sp4.21.22 LL 23. L 1.. poisonous. What is ecology 2.... curriculum.Adj.14. Listening: School in Afghanistan Reading: Interview with a British student 4. 20. R 9. early. Conditional II. break up with.6. talk things out. School education 2.24 CD 25. tuition fee. Results L 1. steam. cope with anger. Join in efforts to clean up our world share a problem. accountant. advertise. How Rustavi became a busy town WHAT I KNOW SO FAR TEST 1 (test booklet) 1 ‘To’ Infinitive to express purpose. work hard. ness. Adj. salary.22 LL 23 24 CD 25.3 Sp4. tion.11.27 3 Teenage relationships 1. 17 Wr 20. Revision: Passive voice L 1. Listening: How do you cope with your anger? Reading: Talking things out 4. R 9.7. What happens to waste 3. profit.14. store in a safe place. 4 May/might probability. clean up our world 1.26. find a solution. 3. Stories by three American teenagers Song: Tennesee Waltz 4 Save the environment 1. The road to success 3. rent.6.Conditional I 3. L 1.26.
commemorate. Verb+ing after ‘like’. special. 14. 13.13. cancer. bike is equipped with…. 22. 25. trumpet.’ 2. Listening: The door between two cultures launch a satellite/a rocket. for) vs. 23. 20.17.2. club. Article 4.14. Reported speech. Alternative questions Expressing probability. tram. be attracted by. 27 TEST 4 (test booklet) 8 Sightseeing 1. 19. traffic sign. L. ‘too’ and ‘either’ 3. bruise.26.co uld. sickness. quiz show. for) 1. Present perfect (since. Listening: Public place announcements WHAT I KNOW SO FAR 7 Travel 1.27 entertainment. 1.3 Sp 4.5. to crown. shout with joy. 22 LL 23 24 CD. 14. sights. suburbs. the Tube. train. Prepositions with dates. must. 2. 4.6. in exchange for silk.8 R 9. underground.7.5. swelling. magnificent. charm. Revision The past perfect active 2. scouting. R9. 2.22 LL 23. must.doubledecker bus.Adverbs. 17 Wr 18. 3. faint. Present cont.8 R 9. rehearse. protective gear. hanging out.6.’enjoy. cheer. sunburn. 14.Degrees of comparison. 19. heat stroke. treasury.8. Wr. cold.Transport in Thailand 4.3 Sp. Conditional 2 L Sp 4. headline story. L 1.3 Sp 4.13. Changing active into passive voice. dates from. electric guitar. 4.7. School band 4. L 1. The Silk Road 4. 1. Passive present/ past/ future simple 3.6. sprain. Text without a title How to avoid injuries Listening: What was wrong with them? Self-esteem 1.7.11. Three texts 3.5. saxophone. 1. Expressing obligation should. the Silk Road. 17. space. Wish + past simple. First flights into space 2. 13. L L. Listening: TV Quiz Show Reading: Scouting Song: Susanna TEST 3 (test booklet) 6 Transport 1. Tag questions Revision: 3. Entertainment – old and new 2.6. can be reached. 5. 22 LL 23 24 CD 25. school band. 17 Wr 21. ticket is valid. Listening: A British journalist in Georgia 3. 3. Revision 4. valuable collection of jewels. present perfect (with since.’ ‘hate.WHAT I KNOW SO FAR TEST 2 (test booklet) 5 Having fun 1. 3 Sp 4.5. 16. 5 . John F.13. doscoteque. Passive voice 4. in memory of.8 R. 4. present simple. 2.7.6. flu. 24 CD 25. WHAT I KNOW SO FAR Healthy living 9 1. How people travel in different countries in Europe 2. concussion. sweat.17 Wr 18. medieval. Wr. may/might.22 LL 23 24 CD 3. L 1. for future actions 2. dizziness. 4. tomb. discover.8. A Georgian girl in London London An Englishman in Tbilisi More of Tbilisi arrive. 21. drums.7. R 9.fare. import.5. race into space.26. vomit. Kennedy’s speech 3. 24 CD 23 24 1. Revision 2. services are held.Tenses 3. keyboard. 11.
13. have to. LL 23 24 CD 25. Complex sentence 4. What is a phobia? 2.11. scream. plug.22. flood the kitchen.8 R 9. What makes people laugh Listening: A Halloween joke that wasn’t funny.3 Sp 4.4. Learn self-defence 4. fighting and laughter 10 1. worried. 14. went missing.26. Tenses 3. Tag questions 2. selfdefence. avoid places. poltergeist. play jokes on. Poltergeist 3. TEST 5 (test booklet) Fear.Degrees of comp 6 . 4.17 Wr 21. protect / defend oneself.27 Revision 126.96.36.199. Adverbs: suffix –ly. Song: A Bicycle Built for Two FINAL TEST (test booklet) phobia. Wish + past simple L 1.
SB (Student’s Book). Abbreviations: The only abbreviations used regularly in the lesson notes are: St (student). • xeli Seuwyos moswavleebs ucxouri enis Seswavlis procesSi SeiZinon sxva sagnebis codnac. Slashes: The use of a slash (/) indicates that you can use any. Activities in the Student’s Book are numbered. of the items which are linked by the slashes. saxelmZRvanelos Semadgeneli nawilebi • • • • • moswavlis wigni savarjiSo rveuli testebis bukleti audiokaseta (an CD) maswavleblis wigni saxelmZRvanelos miznebi • miiyvanos moswavleebi inglisuri enis flobis im donemde. L 24). wignSi gamoyenebuli pirobiTi niSnebi Activity numbers and letters. or all. am wignis gamoyeneba SeiZleba “New 2000 Plus” me-8 klasis Semdeg. • uzrunvelyos moswavleebi saTanado codniT erovnuli gamocdebis Casabareblad • uzrunvelyos oTxive sametyvelo unar-Cvevis – mosmena. laparaki. keys for some tasks. Before each lesson read the procedure of implementing each task. TB (Teacher’s Book). Read Practical Advice for Teaching. 5. and they can be used to introduce some grammar material. daaxloebiT 14 wlis asakis moswavleebisTvis. romelic Seesabameba erovnuli ganaTlebis standarts. 2. Before the lesson on listening find the tasks for listening on the audiocassette – the titles are in the Contents on the cassette cover. Sts (students). L (Lesson. The same numbering is used in the teacher’s book for the teaching steps for these activities. In the Notes for lessons you will find tapescripts. • gauRviZos moswavleebs aqtiuri swavlis interesi. igi warmatebiT SegiZliaT gamoiyenoT saskolo programis mier SemoTavazebuli nebismieri sxva wignis Semdegac. • Seusabamos sametyvelo Cvevebis.maswavleblis wignis gamoyenebis praqtikuli rCevebi 1.g. kiTxva da wera CamoyalibebisTvis sakmarisi varjiSi. • uzrunvelyos swavlis sxvadasxva tipebis CarTva. Some activities in TB are numbered with capital letters – they are not given in SB. e. igi Seqmnilia zogadsaganmanaTleblo skolis me-9 klasis moswavleebisTvis. 4. ras Seicavs moswavlis wigni? moswavlis wignSi mocemulia: • sarCevi • gakveTilebi (10 Tema – TiToSi 4 gakveTili) 7 . sxva sityvebiT rom vTqvaT. Sesavali visTvis aris es wigni “New 2000 Plus” aris “2000 Plus” wigni 5-is gadamuSavebuli versia. Tumca. procedure for introducing and practising some grammar material. Read Introduction. 3. gramatikisa da leqsikis varjiSi enis funqciis dauflebas. or for further practice.
zogierT saswavlo davalebaSi moswavleTa yuradReba mimarTuli unda iyos metyvelebaze. romelSic mocemulia: • TviTSemowmebis testebis pasuxebi • zogierTi gakveTilisTvis damatebiTi masala. mosmenis upiratesoba. kursis (me-3 – me-9 klasebi) gavlis Semdeg Sesaswavli ucxouri enis meSveobiT moswavle SeZlebs rogorc zepiri. sul – 5) • gramatikul cnobari (qarTulad) • inglisur-qarTul leqsikoni danarTi. da mosmena win uswrebs laparaks. kvlevis warmoebis unari. 7. enobrivi kursis Sedgenis dros didi yuradReba daeTmo mosmenas. rom iwvevdes moswavleTa interess. ZiriTadi principebi. 6. moswavlis pirovnebis CamoyalibebisTvis. cnobismoyvareoba. ix. 3. sadac gramatikul Secdomebs ar mieqceva yuradReba. azris gamoTqmaze. zogSi ki – gramatikulad swori gamonaTqvamis agebaze. davalebebi ise unda iyos Sedgenili. misi ganviTarebisTvis aucilebel Tvisebebad migvaCnia: Tavdajerebuloba. da 6 sT sakontrolo testebisTvis. aseve werilobiTi komunikaciis damyarebas misi asakobrivi da ganaTlebis ganviTarebis donis Sesabamisad. romlebsac eyrdnoba New 2000 Plus 1. • arawesieri zmnebis cxrili saxelmZRvanelos aRwera ‘New 2000 Plus’ Seqmnilia britaneTis sabWos xelSewyobiT da monawileobiT.(yoveli me-2 nawilis Semdeg. damoukidebloba. enis daufleba xdeba davalebebebis Sesrulebis procesSi. swavla ufro efeqturia. sizuste da Tavisufali metyveleba. ‘savarjiSo rveuli da saSinao davalebis Semowmeba’). amitom davalebebis SerCevisas gaTvaliswinebulia moswavleTa asakobrivi interesebi.• TviTSemowmebis testebi – What I know so far . rodesac maTi yuradReba mimarTulia ara enobriv formaze. aramed im informaciaze. Tu igi warmoadgens inteleqtualuri moqmedebis Sedegs. uzrunvelyofdes moswavleTa xalissa da aqtiur monawileobas. aseve mosmenas. moswavleebisTvis mocemuli siZnelis donis daZleva interess unda warmoadgendes. romelic saWiroa savarjiSo rveulSi mocemuli saSinao davalebis Sesamowmeblad (daaxloebiT 5 wT yoveli gakveTilis win. plus 5 sT TviTSemowmebis testebisTvis. 5. romlis matarebelic es forma aris. davalebebi mimarTulia rogorc praqtikuli unar-Cvevebis ganviTarebaze. davalebebis SemecnebiTi xasiaTi. agreTve moswavlis SemoqmedebiTi aqtivobis mobilizebaze. igi miznad isaxavs danergos saqarTvelos skolebSi saxelmZRvaneloebi. rom ar moxdes Tavisufali metyvelebis dabrkoleba. agreTve dro.saswavlo Temebi. rom iwvevdes gaanalizebisa da deduqciis gamoyenebas. ucxouri enis Seswavlis kursi miznad isaxavs lingvisturi kompetenciis Camoyalibebas. teqstis tipebi arCeulia ise. 4. B gaTvaliswinebulia enobrivi masalis Seswavlisas mibaZvis faqtoris mniSvneloba metyvelebis producirebis procesSi. siZnelis donis gaTvaliswineba.. araenobrivi saswavlo masala . 2. enobrivi kursis zogadsaganmanaTleblo xasiaTi. davalebis Sesrulebaze dayrdnoba. TanamSromloba. lingvisturi kompetenciis Camoyalibebis garda enis Seswavlis kursi iTvaliswinebs zogadsakacobrio mniSvnelobis informaciaSi moswavlis gaTviTcnobierebasa da agreTve misi pirovnebis Camoyalibebas. rac warmatebis miRwevis erTaderT yvelaze ufro mniSvnelovan faqtors warmoadgens. me-9 klasis saxelmZRvanelo gaTvlilia 108 saklaso saaTisTvis (daaxloebiT 9 sT TiToeuli TemisTvis. es davalebebi unda iyos gasagebad axsnili. amis 8 . enis swavlebis komunikaciuri principi. romlis Tanaxmad moswavleebi ukeT iTviseben enobriv masalas. azris gawyveta. moswavlis motivacia miCneulia yvelaze didi mniSvnelobis mqone faqtorad. igi iTvaliswinebs midgomas. davalebis Sesrulebis dros miRweuli warmateba motivaciis wyaros warmoadgens. urTierTpativiscema da tolerantoba. radgan zepirmetyveleba moicavs rogorc laparaks. romlebic Seesabameba ucxouri enis Seswavlis Tanamedrove midgomas.
magram Tqven gindaT. Cven ar girCevT gamoiyenoT qarTuli ena ucxo sityvebis pirdapiri TargmanisTvis. • yvela moswavle laparakobs mcire jgufebSi – orze meti erTad. Tu ra unda gaakeTon am savarjiSos SesrulebisTvis. imaze. rom mawavlebelma gaakeTos moswavlis naTqvamis perifrazireba ise. da aRniSnon igi wignSi. 9 . rom ar moiTxovos misi gameoreba. igi araviTar SemTxvevaSi ar unda darCes ‘gareT’. romelTa organizeba klasSi Tavdapirvelad rTulia. ‘New 2000 Plus’ saxelmZRvanelos mizans warmoadgens. ra Tqma unda. es gadaitans moswavlis yuradRebas imisgan.miRweva SesaZlebelia regularulad wyvilebSi da samuSao jgufebSi moswavleebis organizebiT davalebebis Sesasruleblad. im savarjiSoebisTvis. rom moswavlem gaigonos swori varianti. rom Seamowmon Tavisi mixvedris siswore. rodesac miznad visaxavT gabmul. Tumca maswavlebeli ar aris CarTuli. Secdomebi dauyovnebliv unda iyos gasworebuli. magaliTad.. sad SeeqmnaT problema. amis Semdeg dafaze areulad dauwereT qarTuli sityvebis inglisur Sesatyvisobebi (romlebic inglisur teqstSi ukve SexvdaT). maswavleblis rolia zedamxedveloba gaswios da daexmaros. maswavleblis roli am SemTxvevaSi mdgomareobs imaSi. rom man warmatebiT gasca gasagebi instruqcia. romelTa mizans uSecdomo metyveleba warmoadgens. mas Semdeg. • axali teqstis (wasakiTxi Tu mosasmeni) gacnobis win: SegiZliaT dauweroT dafaze is sityvebi. Tu gauWirdaT. rom moswavleebs yovel gakveTilze esmodeT rac SeiZleba meti inglisuri ena. amave dros igi kmayofili iqneba. aseT SemTxvevaSi SeiZleba saWiro gaxdes qarTuli enis gamoyeneba: • imis asaxsnelad. rom moswavleebi TviTon mixvdnen ucnobi sotyvis mniSvnelobas. Tu ras ambobs. an orives mier.' Tqven. enis SeswavlisTvis mniSvnelovania. • gamoiyeneT yvela SesaZlebloba rom moswavleebs elaparakoT inglisurad yoveldRiuri urTierTobis dros. gakveTilis warmarTvisTvis. Cveni rCevaa ar gaamaxviloT yuradReba Secdomaze da swor metyvelebaze. TumcaRa. • maswavlebeli elaparakeba yvelas erTdroulad. am miznis misaRwevad urTierTobis ramdenime nimuSi SeiZleba gamoiyenoT: • mawavlebeli elaparakeba erT an ramdenime moswavles.. miexmaros. ecnobian mas qarTulad (wignis danarTSi). da ara zusti metyvelebis demonstrirebas. • erTi moswavle elaparakeba yvelas. damoukidebeli daskvnis/azris gamoTqmis davalebebi da sxva. gansakuTrebiT sust moswavleebs. erTmaneTisa da maswavleblis SejibrSi gamowveviT. uzrunvelyaviT moswavleebi yoveldRiuri inglisurenovani garemoTi klasSi. ase rom. am Tvisebebis Camoyalibebis miRwevis safuZvels warmoadgens davalebebis SemecnebiTi xasiaTi. • yvela moswavle laparakobs wyvilebSi. go and stand next to the window?' aseTi gziT moswavle gaigebs Tavisi saTqmelis swor variants. informaciis gacvla-gamocvlas. rodis da rogor gavasworoT moswavleebis Secdomebi. da daavaleT moZebnon Sesatyvisobebi. sxvebi usmenen. da romlebic mosalodnelia ar icodnen. Tu igi klasSi aqtiur monawiles warmoadgens. ufro efeqturi iqneba. Caiweros. wyvilebSi an mcire jgufebSi muSaobis organizeba. urTierTdaxmarebiT da TanamSromlobiT dasaxuli saerTo miznis misaRwevad. agreTve. mousminos vin ras ambobs. • rom gaarkvioT. rom yvela moswavle iyos CarTuli swavlis procesSi mTeli drois ganmavlobaSi: moswavle ufro efeqturad swavlobs. igive meTods iyeneben moswavleebi gramatikuli wesis ‘gamosayvanad’. warmovidginoT. maswavleblis. sworad Tu gaiges gramatikuli ‘wesi’. moswavleebma TviTon unda gamoicnon sityvis mniSvneloba konteqstze dayrdnobiT. Tavisufal metyvelebas. rom moswavlem gasca instruqcia: 'Go standing next the window. Tu rogor unda Tqvas. SegiZliaT dasvaT kiTxva: 'You want me to.. an sxva moswavlis. • Tumca. magram ‘New 2000 Plus’ Seicavs mTel rig savarjiSoebs. es Taviseburi karnaxia. romlebic teqstSi SexvdebaT. es deduqciis procesi aris yvelaze Zvirfasi saswavlo saSualeba. ar mosTxovoT moswavles winadadebisa Tu sityvis sworad gameoreba. gakveTilis warmarTva inglisurisa da mSobliuri (qarTuli) enis gamoyeneba gakveTilze. rom misi naTqvami gagebuli iqna. rac ki moswavles aqvs. rodesac laparaki mimdinareobs wyvilebSi an mcire jgufebSi. rac isini ‘gamoiyvanen’ gramatikul wess. gaigeT igi. rom iaros klasSi.
moswavleebi pouloben ucxo sityvas konteqstSi. rogor davexmaroT leqsikis damaxsovrebaSi 10 . Tu gansxvavebuli sityva aRmoaCndaT. am doneze. adareben mas qarTuli sityvebis sias (dafaze) da airCeven Sesaferiss. xolo teqstis win (an Semdeg) davalebaSi mocemulia maTi qarTuli Sesatyvisobebi. magaliTad: “Clever” is a person who can easily understand everything. He is very clever. rogor gamoviyenoT leqsikoni leqsikoni Seicavs yvela sityvas.teqstis wakiTxvis Semdeg uTxariT moswavleebs gaakeTon ucxo sityvebis sia. (SegiZliaT danomroT inglisuri sityvebi cifrebiT. mis fonetikur transkrifcias da qarTul Sesatyviss. moswavleebs ki ar ‘gamoviZaxebT’. ufro maRal stadiaze igi gamoiyeneba nebismieri enobrivi masalis gamosacnobad. da amave dros aCveneben.S+ R+ sR . fonetikuri transkrifciis niSnebi pivelad Semoyvanilia me-7 klasis wignSi. Tu ar grZnobs ‘saSiSroebas’ rom moulodnelad maswavlebeli mosTxovs pasuxs.miapyariT maTi yuradReba da uTxariT. erTi moswavle karnaxobs Tavis sias. rasac instruqcia moiTxovs. aramed pasuxis msurvelebs ‘moviwvevT’ dafasTan sapasuxod. mniSvnelobis gageba da ucnobi/axali sityvebis damaxsovreba ufro advilia. Which is the L1 word for “clever”? moswavleebi adareben maswavleblis warmoTqmul winadadebebs qarTuli sityvebis svetSi mocemul sias da arCeven Sesaferiss. Tu maT SexvedrisTanave ki ar vTargmniT. an raime garCevaSi samonawileod. dafaze iqneba sia yvela im sityvisa. gaimeoros instruqcia. amrigad moswavles eqmneba SesaZlebloba waikiTxon Sinaarsi. moswavleebi ki ismenen mas (an kiTxuloben). Mmas SeuZlia. dasawyis stadiebze igi gamoiyeneba sagnebis saxelebis gamosacnobad. sruli fizikuri damoxmaureba (Total Physical Response (TPR): es teqnika regularulad gamoiyeneba mTeli kursis ganmavlobaSi sxvadasxva saxiT. Cven gvwams. mas Semdeg. areulad. rom: 1) 9after a vowel sound means that it is long. dawereT yvela am sityvis qarTuli Sesatyvisi. xandaxan werilobiTi saxiTac. romlebic mosalodnelia ucxo iyos moswavleTaTvis. meore varianti: 1. igive TanamimdevrobiT. am gziT. iyo Tu ara instruqcia gagebuli. metyvelebis ra nawilia. N. amateben. sxvebi adareben Tavis sias dafaze dawerils da. romelic axalia am wlisTvis. TPR niSnavs. siZneles xom ar waawydnen moswavleebi misi Sesrulebisas. rodesac niSnebi axalia moswavleebisTvis. svetad. rac moswavleebs SexvdebaT niSnebi. rom maswavlebeli iZleva instruqcias zepirsityvierad. maswavlebeli wers maT. romlebic mxolod transkrifciaSi gamoiyeneba – ?+ ?9 T+ N+ z+ U+ C. waikiTxeT pirveli inglisuri sityva. Semdegi nabiji aris leqsikonSi sityvebis moZieba da Sedareba. SesaZlebelia teqstidanac. romelSic isini teqstSi SexvdebaT. rom instruqcia Seasrules. amrigad. me-9 klasisTvis TPR procedura : igi emyareba mosmenas. raime saTanado moqmedebiT. qarTuli – anbanis asoebiT). 2) the stress mark is placed before a stressed syllable. moswavlis sapasuxo qmedeba maswavlebels maSinve aCvenebs. Seadaron igi qarTul sityvas da mixvdnen ucxo sityvis mniSvnelobas. 2. praqtikuli rCevebi ‘New 2000 Plus’-iT swavlebisTvis rogor avxsnaT axali masala (leqsika. Cven gTavazobdiT gamogeyenebiaT midgoma. TandaTan. me-9 klasis donezec. gramatika) mniSvnelobis gamocnoba konteqstidan. dafaze.msurvelebis gamoZaxeba. asruleben. an Secvalos alternatiuli variantiT. always knows the right answer to any math problem. am. romlebic klasSi moswavleebisTvis ucxoa. teqstSi gamoyofilia (dabeWdilia muqad). romelsac viyenebT I doneze kiTxvis swavlebisas: maswavlebeli kiTxulobs sityvebs da moswavleebi uyureben transkrifcias. isini eCvevian fonetikuri niSnebiT dawerili sityvebis kiTxvas. gaagrZeleT es midgoma. igi iZleva informacias – sityvas. TqviT raime magaliTi. am procesis gasaadvileblad sityvebi. meore svetad. saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi. gaamartivos igi. One of our students. rom moswavle ukeT swavlobs. aramed moswavles SevuqmniT pirobebs konteqstze dayrdnobiT gamoicnos mniSvneloba.
moswavleebi ki agrZeleben ‘kiTxvas’. gaCerebebiT romelime sityvis wakiTxvis win. Tu ramdeni sityva iyo naTqvami qarTulad. momzadeba : moswavleebs eZleva 3 Tema. romelSic igi iyo gamoyenebuli teqstSi. gamarjvebulia is jgufi. Tu es winadadeba zusti ar iqneba. ar unda gaCerdnen 20 wamis ganmavlobaSi. zogierTi ufro metad ganmiznulia romelime erTze. gaagrZeleT waSla. gamarjvebulia is jgufi. moswavleebi arCeven intervius wamyvans. mosmenis win umjobesia saTaurze. iToeuli arCevs erTs. mas semdeg. wera. 3. waikiTxeT xmamaRla. moswavles meore jgufidan eZleva SesaZlebloba gaasworos. Sexedaven maT mier daweril sityvas. maswavleblis niSanze (taSi SemohkariT) yoveli wyvilidan erTi iwyebs moyolas. mdivani akeTebs Canawerebs – vin ra azri gamoTqva. Semdeg ismenen teqsts da akeTeben teqstis gagebis savarjiSoebs – cxrilis Sevseba. maswavlebels unda hqondes wamebis isriani saaTi. II varianti. rac niSnavs. saxelmZRvaneloSi mocemulia mosmenis savarjiSoebi. romelSic sityva iyo gamoyenebuli. ixseneben winadadebas. zedamxedveli Tvalyurs adevnebs. wignebi daxurulia. rom moswavleebma unda daweron winadadebis nomeri da Semdegi (mosalodneli) sityva. rogor ganvaviTaroT laparakis unar-Cveva. magidaze dakakuneba. rom yvelam ilaparakos inglisurad. moswavleebi agrZeleben kiTxvas igive TanamimdevrobiT. moswavleebi pouloben teqstSi mTavar zmnebs (gansazRvrul raodenobas). Tqvens Semdeg. mosasmeni teqsti moswavlis wignSi ar aris mocemuli. moswavleebi dgebian wyvilebSi. dawereT dafaze axali sityvebi. rac gauadvilebT mis gagebas. weren sias. 2. Semdegi savarjiSoebis mizanis laparakis unaris ganviTareba warmoadgens: oTxkacian jgufebSi. gaCerebis dros aZlevs niSans – mag. Tumca. romelTa gamoyenebas TiToeuli apirebs teqstSi. moswavleebi kiTxuloben winadadebas da Sinaarasis mixedviT avseben Sesaferisi sityviT. isini audiokasetaze aris Cawerili enis matarebelTa (britanel. rogor ganvaviTaroT mosmenis unar-Cveva. Semdeg aRadgenen/yvebian teqsts TiTo-TiTo winadadebiT. da aRadgenen mas. gundurad. da romelSic naklebi qarTuli sityva iyo naTqvami. kiTxva. romelzec ilaparakebs. waSla da kiTxva..S. savarjiSoebis teqstebze gayrdnobiT moswavleebma gaakeTon winaswari daskvna mosasmeni teqstis Temis Sesaxeb. moswavleebi. da gaameorebineT moswavleebs. davaleba – imsjelon raime problemaze (saxelmZRvanelos teqstze dayrdnobiT. Semowmba xdeba klasSi. amerikelTa) mier. an nebismier sxvaze). ZiriTadad savarjiSoebi ganmiznulia integrirebulad oTxive sametyvelo unar-Cvevis Camoyalibebaze – mosmena.1. gamotovebuli adgilebis Sevseba. amgvarad mTeli klasi aRadgens mTel teqsts. zedamxedveli ambobs. romlis momxsenebeli gaakeTebs saukeTeso moxsenebas. rig-rigobiT. laparaki. teqstis aRdgena (mexsierebiT). TiTo winadadebis TqmiT. maswavlebeli kiTxulobs teqsts danomrili winadadebebiT. gamotovebuli sityvis/informaciis povna da a. eZlevaT 1 wuTi (daniSneT dro!) daweron is sityvebi. romelic met swor winadadebas ityvis. dafasTan. zedamxedvels. 10-15 sityva. oc-wamiani teqstebi. erTi moswavle jgufidan aRadgens winadadebas. da Itvlis qarulad naTqvam sityvebs. SeiZleba maswavlebelmac waikiTxos. mocemulia winadadebebi gamotovebuli adgilebiT. Sejibreba. maswavlebeli dafaze wers teqstidan key words. sanam dafaze ar darCeba arcerTi sityva. Tqvan yvela SesaZlo detali 11 . risTvisac iyenebs mdivnis Canawerebs. Semowmeba : gayaviT klasi 2-3 jgufad. yoveli winadadebis win. mdivans da momxsenebels. wasaleT erTi sityva. 4. I varianti. momxsenebeli moaxsenebs klass Sedegs. rac 5-6-jer gaimeoreben. TiToeuli moswavle ambobs erT winadadebas. Semdegi sityvis mixvedra. moswavleebi kiTxuloben TiToeul sityvas.
moswavle kiTxulobs maT. ratom hgonia. yoveli abzacis pirveli winadadeba da mTeli teqstis bolo winadadeba. rogor ganvaviTaroT kiTxvis unar-Cveva. maTi saubari unda pasuxobdes kiTxvebs “When”. raSia iumori. rac teqstis gagebaze miuTiTebs. “Who”. moswavle A aRwers Tavis suraTs. anun romelic usmenda. yveba. magaliTad: • aRwere suraTi (zepirad an werilobiT). moswavle kiTxulobs teqsts Cumad. romelic yvelaze kargad aRwers teqstis azrs. aRniaSnaven. meore wyvili daiwyebs moyolas. • gamotovebuli adgilebis Sevseba (sityvebi ar aris mocemuli) Sesaferisi sityviT. kiTxvis gasaviTarebeli savajiSoebis magaliTebi: • gamotovebuli adgilebis Sevseba mocemuli ramdenimedan erTi Sesaferisi sityviT. kiTxvis dros maT unda ipovon raime winadadeba. da pouloben gansxvavebas. ris Sesaxeb aris igi? Seadare Seni mewyvilis(gverdiT mjdomis) azrs.. erTmaneTis suraTebis Cveneba ar aris nebadarTuli. • moswavle kiTxulobs sityvebis wyvilebs – sinonimur Tu antonimurs. da sxva. davalebebi orientirebulia moswavleebis gonebis mimarTvaze am Temaze msgavsi situaciebis mogonebiT. TiToeul TavSi aris oTxi gakveTili da oTxi teqsti. am davalebebis mizania moswavlis yuradRebis mobilizacia kiTxvis ganmavlobaSi. zogi ki gacnobiTi kiTxvisTvis.S. da gacnobiTi. teqstis kiTxvis msvleloba dayofilia . msgavsia isini Tu gansxvavebuli . D (different). kiTxvis dros ar aris sasurveli leqsikonis xmareba. misi mewyvilec. dawere dafaze es sityvebi. teqstis Sinaarsis mixedviT. maswavleblis niSanze “Change”. erTad. While reading tasks. ra aris Sedegi. 12 .kiTxvamde pre-reading task. waikiTxon ucnobi sityvis wina da Semdgomi winadadebebi da ecadon mixvdnen mniSvnelobas. danarCeni gakveTilebis teqstebidan zogi aris SeswavliTi. rodis moxda. ra sityvebia mosalodneli Segxvdes am teqstSi. maswavleblis niSanze Cerdebian. Tu Segxvedria (Sen an Sens nacnobs) raime amis msgavsi. rom sasaciloa. Tan uyureben suraTs. da adareben. xSirad aris xumrobebi. • arc gamotovebuli adgilebi da arc sityvebi ar aris mocemuli. da oTxive gakveTilSi aris savarjiSoebi am teqstis masalidan. Pre-reading tasks. moswavle unda mixvdes sad aklia sityva da Seavsos winadadeba. TiToeuli moswavle Sefasebas miscems Tavis mewyviles da etyvis maswavlebels. SeuZlia daamatos nebismieri detali. ambobs.mimarTuli leqsikisa da gramatikis produqtiul gamoyenebaze. • waikiTxe teqstis saTauri. “What”. • aRwere. kiTxvis dros while reading task. “Where” “Why”.S D wasakiTxi teqstebi. da a. saxelmZRvaneloebSi mocemuli wasakiTxi teqstebi ori saxisaa: SeswavliTi . unda gamoiyenon konteqsti ucnobi sityvebis mniSvnelobis gamosacnobad. moswavle B aRwers Tavis suraTs. da wyvilidan meore.arCeuli Temis irgvliv. magaliTi: go stop – S D go walk . moswavleebi usmenen erTmaneTs. davalebebis gareSe. mimarTuli informaciis miRebaze. magaliTadD: • ramdenime mocemulidan ipove am teqstistvis yvelaze Sesaferisi saTauri. rac gaigona. meore suraTi sxva (miTiTebul) gverdzea. • gadaaTvaliere teqsti – waikiTxe saTauri. uerTdebian meore wyvils. amrigad. da kiTxvis Semdgom davalebebad after reading task. rogor damTavrda.S (same). sakuTari azris gamotqmiT. ra moxda. suraTebis Sedareba. Semdeg isini. moswavleebs aqvT TavianTi suraTebi TiTos. es savarjiSo exmareba swrafi kiTxvis Cvevis gamomuSavebaSi. romelic maTi piradi gamocdilebis msgavsia. yoveli pirveli gakveTilis teqsti ganmiznulia SeswavliTi kiTxvisTvis. suraTebis arweriT. uTxariT. Tu gamoelevaT mosmenili teqstis masala. kiTxvebis dasmisa gareSe da leqsikonSi Cauxedavad. wyvilebSi. uyureben orive suraTs. an pasuxigascen teqstis Sesaxeb raime kiTxvas.
winadadebebis siaSi erTi an meti winadadeba testTan mimarTebaSi mcdaria. sanad mTel teqsts ar daweren. iReben wigns da adareben. gadaweren rveulSi da amboben/daweren.” pasuxi. da a. rTuli winadadebis dayofa martivebad. romelSic mTeli jgufis namuSevaria. swrafad unda waikiTxon da aRmoaCinon gansxvaveba da msgavseba. dawere erTi-ori winadadeba romlebsac eTanxmebi. moswavleebi pouloben abzacs. da daweros misi gagrZeleba meore winadadeba. unda waikiTxos. SeiZleba Seadaron wyvilebSi. da erTi-ori. da sxv. • • • • • • • areulad dawerili sityvebidan winadadebebis Sedgena. unda daalagon logikur Tanamimdevrobad. romlebmac aRniSnes “a” pasuxi. mokle Txzulebis (50 sityviani) dawera nimuSis mixedviT. ori msgavsi teqstia mocemuli. True or false. teqstis mokle Sinaarsi/anotacia aris mocemuli. • • • • • • • • moswavleebi akeTeben ucnobi sityvebis sias. moswavle kiTxulobs/ipovis miTiTebul winadadebas da aanalizebs masyuradRebas aqcevs miTitebul niSan-Tvisebebs. kategoriebad yofen teqstSi mocemul ideebs. 2. igi asworebs da acxadebs Sedegebs klasSi. martivi winadadebebis SeerTeba rTulis Sesaqmnelad. da gadascems mis marcxniv mjdoms. After reading tasks. winadadebis nomrebiT. moswavleebi erTiandebian mcire jgufebad (4-5) da weren naswavli/wakiTxuli teqstis Sinaarss. wignebi daxuruli unda iyos. Semdeg aZleven maswavlebels. rogor ganvaviTaroT weris unar-Cveva. TviTonac iRebs mis marjvniv mjdomisgan. winadadebis dasrulebas. teqstis wakiTxvis Semdeg. erTi winadadebis dawera teqstis (maTTvis) yvelaze saintereso nawilis Sesaxeb. winadadebis transformacias sxvadasxva saxiT: pirdapiridan irib TqmaSi.. jgufis yvela monawiles aqvs erTi furceli dasawerad. jaWvuri wera. weven xels. es savarjiSo or nabijad keTdeba. moswavleebi arCeven swor gramatikul formas oridan erTs da aRniSnaven mas. waikiTxeT winadadebebi kidev erTxel. werilis dawera mocemuli nimuSis mixedviT. romelic Seesabameba winadadebas. ratom aris mcdari. gramatika • • • axali gramatikis Semotana xdeba teqstze dayrdnobiT. an sxva. romelic Seicavs faqtobriv Secdomebs. unda ipovon winadadebebi. unda ipovon Secdomebi. romlebSic isini SexvdaT. areuli sityvebidan winadadebis Sedgenas. bolo winadadebis daweris Semdeg yvela rCeba xelSi erTi furcliT. gaasworon da swori saxiT gadaweron teqsti. nawilobrivi Targmani. asworeben Secdomebs. rogorc aRwerilia zemoT How to introduce new language . kiTxulobs qarTulad mocemul wess danarTSi.. moswavleebi. gamoiZaxeT swori and • 13 . romlebic mosalodneli iyo Segxvedroda (dafaze dawerili sityvebidan). Tu ra weria. moswavleebi pouloben mas(maT).• • • aRniSne sityvebi. 1. savarjiSoebi Seicavs gamotovebuli adgilebis sevsebas. teqstSi aRwerili qveTemebi mocemulia winadadebebis saxiT.savarjiSoebiT varjiSobs axali gramatikuli masalis gamoyenebaSi da damaxsovrebaSi. yvela wers teqstis pirvel winadadebas. gamohyavs wesi. jaWvuri wera. upasuxe kiTxvebs teqstis irgvliv. teqstis Sinaarsi areuli Tanamimdevrobis winadadebebad aris mocemuli. Semdeg agrZleben.S. isev gadascems marcxniv mjdoms. moqmedebiTidan vnebiT gvarSi da piriqiT gadayvana. romlebsac ar eTanxmebi. mocemulia teqstidan sityvebi. waikiTxeT qarTuli winadadebebi.TPR procedure. Semdegi nabiji . mocemulia yoveli abzacis pirveli winadadeba. Semdeg – vinc aRniSna “b. magaliTad – dadebiTi da uaryofiTi mniSvnelobebis matareblad.
TiToeuli erTi saklaso saaTisTvis. es garCeva SeiZleba qarTuladac awarmooT. Tu raimeSi ar daeTanxma/misi naTqvami arasworad Tqva. moswavleebi eubnebian erTmaneTs. vidre amas moswvlis wigni iZleva. maTi pasuxebi maswavleblis wignSia. A to Sts C and D: N didn’t train in the gym. testi gaTvlilia TiToeuli erTi saklaso saaTisTvis. 4. maswavlebeli amowmebs. 2. rom moswavlem TviTon Seamowmos Tavisi moRweva. 5. dafa gayaviT imden nawilad. wyvilebSi. mieciT moswavleebs 2 wuTi (dro daniSneT). romelSic man gamoamJRavna arasakmarisi codna. sirbiliT mividen dafasTan da daweron misi formebi Tavis jgufisTvis gankuTvnil svetSi. artiklebi. romel svetSic ar iqneba Secdomebi. maT sWirdebaT meti varjiSi. St. 14 . 3. testis davalebis Semdeg moswavle gamoiangariSebs da wers qulebis raodenobas. ratom airCia es pasuxi. amas 5 wuTze met xans nu moandomebT. am moqmedebebidan romeli gaakeTes. rom moswavleebma gamoimuSavon enobrivi unar-Cvevebi. da romeli – ara – romelime mocemul dros. maswavlis drois dazogvis miznit. gramatikuli formebis damaxsovreba 1. da am testebis meSveobiT maswavlebels SeuZlia moswavlis Sefaseba. ratom aris isini wesieri.) – rogor SevamowmoT moswavleebis winsvla TviT-Semowmebis testebi ‘’What I know so far. bolos ki – mTeli testisTvis (sul 50 qulaa). da sxv. ra gaakeTes da ra ara. ramdeni jgufic gaqvT.araswori pasuxis avtori da aaxsnevineT. I did. maswavlebels seuZlia daexmaros wignis im nawilebis povnaSi. Sedarebis gamotovebuli adgilebis Sevseba. moiwvieT TiToeuli jgufidan TiTo moswavle. amisTvis Cven mat vTavazobT savarjiSo rveuls. cal0calke. SeadgineT dasamaxsovrebeli zmnebis sia – rogoc arawesieri. I trained in the gym but I didn’t practise playing the piano. wigns axlavs SeZenili unar-Cvevebis donis Sesamowmebeli 6 testi. igive – zedsarTavebi. . gamoiyenon Sesaferisi gramaikuli droebi. moiwvieT sxvadasxva moswavleebi dafasTan da daawerineT winadadebebi saSinao davalebidan. moswavle akeTebs savarjiSos. daweron. A: Right. ro gaakeTes da ra ara romelime mocemull dros(an masze adre) Sesabamisi gramatikuli droebis gamoyenebiT. I made a mistake. rom xazi gausvan wesier zmnebs da Tqvan. nacvalsaxelebi. bolos seamowmeT. savarjiSoebs axlavs swori pasuxebi/gasaRebi. is jgufi igebs. sorry. gadaweris Tavidan acilebis mizniT. xarisxebi.’ yoveli meore Tavis Semdeg moswavle awarmoebs Tavisi warmatebis Semowmebas. mewyviles SeuZlia gaasworos. SeiZleba midceT davaleba or-ori wyvili SeerTdnen da erTmaneTs uTxran. gakeTebulia Tu ara savarjiSo. moiwvieT 3 moswavle dafastan. drogamoSvebiT. am testis pasuxebi moswavlis wignis danarTSia mocemuli. gamoacxadeT erTi zmna. savarjiSo rveulis savarjiSoebi ZiriTadad saxlSi unda gakeTdes.St B: Yes. da Seavsos xarvezi.EBes davalebebi moswavlis maorganizebel rols asrulebs da aCvevs mas damoukideblobas. savarjiSo rveuli da saSinao davalebis Semowmeba imisaTvis. mxolod amis Semdeg amowmebs mis siswores da moniSnavs Secdomebs wiTeli melniT. gayaviT klasi 3-4 jgufad. aseve wesieri. arCeviT. es Semowmeba SeafaseT niSniT. magaliTi: St.
2.) 5) Every stage of mastering the language of a unit is followed by homework exercises (in workbook). motivacia . da mawavlebeli/sxva moswavle wers.e. waikiTxaven saTaurs. 5. swavlis Sedegebi da indikatorebi ixileT „ucxouri enis standarti“. i. laparaki) qveS. i. 6. waikiTxaven mosasmeni teqstis saTaurs. da a. TiToeuli abzacis pirvel winadadebas. Tu ris Sesaxeb aris es teqsti. gadaxedaven mosasmeni teqstis Semdgom savarjiSoebs da gamoTqvamen azrs. saswavlo masalis wardgenis zemoxsenebuli fazebis Sesatyvisi savarjiSoebi mocemulia moswavlis wignSi TiToeuli rubrikis (kiTxva. rom moswavleebi ixseneben. i. am dros moswavleebi unda ganewyvnen gakveTilis TemisTvis. magaliTad – ardadegebis Temis Semotanis win alaparakoT moswavleebi TavianT ardadegebze. rodesac moswavleebi Sexedaven ilustraciebs (Tu aris). amocanis gansazRvra. S. which the st does on his own. da gamoTqvamen azrs. 4. IV. ZiriTadi saswavlo masala (mag. 4) Exercises proving that the student has mastered the language of the given theme – that the st has learned to use the language on a communicative level both in writing and in speaking. saswavlo masalis wardgenis fazebi: A The learning material goes through the following phases: 1) Motivation. vin wasula saswavlad aseTi programiT. independent work.e.e. amis Semdeg keTdeba daskvna – moswavleebi akavSireben imas. teqsti. rac odesme gaugiaT am TemasTan dakavSirebiT – sityvebi. rom moxvdnen aseT programaSi. i. igive – mosmenis dros: mosmenis win moswavleebi Sexedaven ilustraciebs (Tu aris). or other.w. mosmena. aqtivobebi. practice to understand the meaning. sakiTxis dasma. saswavlo miznebi. damagvirgvinebel etapze Sesasrulebeli savarjiSoebi. Tu ris Sesaxeb aris es teqsti. production (producireba. ilustracia). wera. the language – vocabulary/grammar. romelic mdgomareobs imaSi. TviTon rogor unda moemzadon.III. sxva SemTxvevaSi – SeiZleba daiwyoT e. Semdeg moismenen teqsts da gaakeTeben Semdegi etapis savarjiSoebs: Seavseben cxrilebs teqstidan informaciiT. an karnaxoben. ramdenad aqvT amis survili. when the student is getting ready for performing the task – looks at the pictures. sabazo da saSualo safexuris IV done. and checks with the key. gramatika. damoukidebeli samuSao. warmoqmna. sawyis etapze Sesasrulebeli savarjiSoebi.S. mizanSewonilia gakveTilis Tema daakavSiroT moswavleebis pirad gamocdilebasTan. gakveTilis dagegmva (zogadi principebi) A lesson planning is implemented according to the following criteria: gakveTilis dagegmvis kriteriumebi: 1. 2. 3. These are the phases of learning material presentation (in Georgian): 1. da a. 2) The learning material itself – text for reading/listening. V. mTeli teqstis bolo winadadebas. gamoTqmebi – da weren dafaze. 15 . 3) Exercises after the text. compares the theme with his personal experience.momzadeba. kiTxvas viwyebT gadaTvalierebiTi kiTxviT (scanning).e. razec isaubres – gakveTilis TemasTan. preparation for the activity: pre-reading/pre-listening exercises. moviyvanT sawyis etapze Sesasrulebeli savarjiSoebis magaliTs: motovaciis etapi mosamzadebelia gakveTilisTvis. ‘gonebrivi ieriSiT’ – ‘brainstorming’. moswavleebis aSS –Si swavlis Temis win (Youth exchange program Youth exchange program) – gaixsenon.
finding out the reason. reading or writing. Another 5 minutes is spent on checking homework. Unit 1. write on the board. Time alloted: approximately 10 minutes. 2) Pair work. sanimuSo gakveTilebi Approximately 3-5 minutes of every class time is devoted to organizing class for the lesson. 2) Report to the class/teacher. resursebi (saxelmZRvanelo. Learning for Living. Assessing 1) Individual work. or at a combination of skills. in turn. A lesson can have different aims – it can be aimed either at developing one skill – that of listening. 4. Sts. a sample introductory part of every lesson is the following: Learning aims 0. The activities are given in the sequence in which the target skill is developed. Reading. School education Learning aims 1. Skimming (reading for details). Tu raime sxva damatebiTi masala. You can use the language suggested in the TB appendix – ‘Glossary of class management language’. the aim of which is speaking English in a situation which is normal and brings up in students a habit of speaking English whenever the situation requires. Organizing class for the lesson – speaking English. Lesson 1. Here are samples of lessons of both types. This brings up a habit of learning how to learn – checking the correctness of the written exercise with the key. 6. Resources Teacher’s assignment. The textbook text. Activities Pre-reading exercise: Sts read sentences describing school education in different countries and choose what Class organization Individual work. Teacher assigns. drois ganawileba. learning to write correctly. saWiroebisamebr). VI. to write those sentences. silent reading. speaking.Checking homework Class work Workbook exercises Inviting sts. E.g. moswavlis organizeba. Undersatnding vocabulary in context. So. etc. I. Reading: 1 – Scanning (gadaTvalierebiTi kiTxva). why. to the board. randomly. 2. 3.3. kaseta. 5. Semowmebis formebi. Activities Calling the list – finding out who is absent. Class organization Class work Resources Teacher-students Assessing __ 0. The following are sample 10 lessons – how to work with the textbook on the example of Unit 1. Getting ready for understanding the interview with a Japanese high school student. who came after missing classes. that were corrected with the key. 16 .
Resources Teacher’s assignment. 2) Report to the class/teacher Time alloted: approximately 35 minutes. to their partners. 1) Pair work. Assessing 1) Individual work. The textbook text. Learning for Living. the first sentence of every paragraph and the last sentence of the text. Individual work Textbook exercise and text. silent reading. silent reading. similar to their own school. Teacher’s assignment. silent reading. 2) Report to the class/teacher. School education in Japan. Sts underline what sounds familiar. 2. Individual work. Read silently. Scanning the text of the Interview to see what it is about. use the context to understand the meaning of unknown words. Unit 1. Activities Read the title of the text. comparing them with L1 equivalents in the task title. L1 vocabulary (to help Sts deduce the meaning of unknown words). While reading. Textbook assignment. 17 . then – the teacher. 1) Pair work. Sts look at the words (highlighted. 3. Look at the pictures. Individual work.Reading for meaning. Sts show what they have underlined. Class organization Individual work. 3. 4. Pair work. Finding similarities with their own school. class work Teacher’s assignment 1) Pair work. While reading. 2) Report to the class/teacher 4. silent reading.Undersatnding vocabulary in context.sounds like their school. Reading and speaking. Choose information necessary for filling in the table. 2) Report to the class/teacher. 2. 2) Report to the class/teacher. in bold type) in the context and compare them with the given L1 equivalents. Report to the teacher. Self-assessment. 2) Report to the class/teacher. Individual work. Comparing the result of the work with the class. 2. 2) Pair work. Learning aims 1. Ask questions finding corresponding information in Georgia. Comparing. Deducing the meaning of the unknown vocabulary. Pair work Textbook exercise 1) Pair work. The textbook text + exercise. 1) Pair work. Lesson 2. While reading.
Analysing a sentence from the text with this grammatical category. 2) Report to the class/teacher. Enhancing vocabulary Textbook exercise Peer assessment or report to the class/teacher Time alloted: approximately 35 minutes. 2.Grammar. Learning the Reading the rule formation of the future in grammar in the past reference. Reading for details Activities While reading marking 3 things new for the Sts. b) Finding possible pairs of words. The Road to Success Learning aims 1. 1) Pair work. 4. Activities Answering questions: What is the time. Enhancing vocabulary Pair work Textbook exercise Individual work a) Matching the words related to information technology with L1 definitions. Read the rule and the examples and remember. early life. Conditional sentences Learning aims 1. Fill in the table with details about Bill Gates. Practicing to express Converting Individual work Textbook __ Individual work Pair work Textbook Textbook exercise __ Peer assessment 18 . Filling in the gaps with corresponding vocabulary Individual work Textbook exercise. Time alloted: approximately 35 minutes. 4. 3. Assessing Report to the class/teacher Peer (Tanatolis) assessment Peer assessment or report to the class/teacher Peer assessment or report to the class/teacher Individual work Textbook 3. Future in the past simple.5. Answering questions Class organisation Individual work Resources Textbook exercise.Practicing speaking about a biography 5. Reading for information. Unit 1. Lesson 2. past or future? Class organisation Individual work Resourses The exercise textbook Assessing Peer assessment or report to the class/teacher 2.of the main clause? About what time are they speaking present. Reading. Revision: Order of words in a simple affirmative sentence. Answering questions to deduce the rule. Practice using the new vocabulary in similar situations. Individual work Textbook exercise 6. Comparing with the given rule. 3.
The Road to Success. and report to the class/teacher Time alloted: approximately 30-35 minutes. 2) Teacher’s assessment. Peer/teacher assessment.future actions from the point of view of the past in speaking sentences from direct into reported speech. Activities Looking at the picture. Writing a biography Individual work Teacher/textbook assignment 1. Categorising Class work audiocassette 1)Peer assessment. so that Sts get ready for discussion). Writing Unit 1. 5 . Writing Class organization 1. Class discussion Textbook. if they have the required characteristics. 3. Writing words in Class organisation Individual work Resources Textbook Assessing 1)Peer assessment. Predicting the topic of the listening text. 13 Class work audiocassette 1)Peer assessment.. Learning aims 1. title and deciding what it is about. placing the facts in priority order – most important for a biography – lisast important. Time alloted: approximately 40 minutes (+ time at home). 19 . Ex. 2) Report to the teacher Listening for meaning (2). 2. Listening. Listen. Schools in Afghanistan Learning aims 1. Assessing Teacher reads – Sts compare in class. Prepare to write a biography Individual work Textbook Class discussion. 2) Report to the teacher 3. the Internet. Peer and teacher assessment 4. Class work audiocassette 1)Peer assessment. Choosing a person for writing a biography . Listen and mark the boxes showing who are the people in the story. Lesson 2. 2. Sts discuss the photos of famous people. Making a list . Pair work Resources Textbook Time alloted: approximately 35 minutes. Unit 1. Lesson 3. decide whom to choose.again and fill in the gaps with words from the text. 6.Prepare to write a biography Activities On a slip of paper Sts write at least three sentencesabout the mst interesting part of the biography they read. Listening for meaning (1). encyclopedia (this task can be given in advance. or maybe their owm/a relative’s.Individual work 2.
Teacher’s vocabulary in use the context silent reading. and textbook exercise Individual work The textbook 2) Report to the teacher 1)Peer assessment. 8. following the sample Individual or pair work Individual or pair work Textbook Assessing Comparing in pairs/in class. Condicting an interview Pair work Textbook Peer/teacher assessment. Comparing in pairs.Individual work Textbook conduct an Reading 2.Comparing/ Practicing to speak about Georgian and Afghan schools.Individual work Resources Textbook Assessing Comparing in pairs. 20 . three columns according to meaning While listening. 7. Comparing schools in Georgia and in Afghanistan.Undersatnding While reading. Ex 15. the meaning of unknown words. Learning aims Activities 1. assignment. Textbook Comparing in pairs. Drawing conclusion Reading two schedules. Listening for details. context. 2) Teacher’s assessment. Interview with a British student. writing about the difference Singling out the most outstanding difference and telling class about it. Pair work interview answers attentively. Learning aims Activities Class Resources organization 1. Learning to compare information 4. 2) Teacher’s assessment.vocabulary. Self-assessment. 5. and askng questions to them. 1)Pair work 2) Class work The textbook 1)Peer assessment. Unit 1. 14 4. Learning to 1. Ex. 2.Writing an essay. comparing them with L1 equivalents in the task title. Time alloted: approximately 35 – 40 minutes. Time alloted: approximately 35 minutes. 3. Lesson 3. 5. Report to the teacher. Preparing for writing an essay Sts write Class organization 1. Speaking. adding information in the table about certain facts. Individual work. Interviewing a Georgian student. to understand Textbook.
Lesson 4. Choosing what’s best in the given situation Activities Sts. Learning aims Activities Class organization Resources Assessing 1. 22 Sts read the beginning of each paragraph (given) and the suggested information which they have to write about (given) and write. Sts a) analyse a conditional sentence. Comparing. (Roleplay) Unit 1. Lesson 4. each.Preparing for speaking at the school meeting: revising grammar –Conditional 1 Sts read the text and mark one sentence describing the problem. The Problem of One School. Guided writing sentences based on the information which they wrote in the table ex. choose a role: whose point of view they will be Class organization Individual work Resources Textbook and teacher’s assignment Assessing ___ 2. finding similarities 3. Speaking. Comparing teacher’s remarks with the written composition. 10. each. Understanding a notice 4. d) rewrite sentences. Sts mark what sounds like a problem in their school Sts read the notice and discuss it. Learning aims 1. Time alloted: approximately 35 minutes. b) read the rule. then – teacher’s assessment. teacher’s assignment Textbook/teacher’s assignment Time alloted: approximately 35 -40 minutes. Preparing to speak in public – school meeting Individual work Textbookand teacher’s assignment ___ 21 . The Problem of One School. c) match main and subordinate clauses given in jumbled order. 9. Reading (preparing for Speaking) . Individual work Textbook Peer/teacher assessment Individual work Textbook Peer/teacher assessment Peer/teacher assessment Class/teacher assessment Class work Class work Textbook. correcting mistakes – self-assessment. Reading for a detail: the biggest problem for one school 2. Unit 1. changing them into conditional.2. choose one of the six possible changes to improve school (box A) Sts. Individual work Textbook assignment Comparing in pairs.
wignis danarTSi mocemulia a. g. TiToeul TemaSi savarjiSoebi oTxive sametyvelo unar-Cvevis Camosayalibeblad (four skills: listening. arawesieri zmnebis cxrili. moswavles unda gamoumuSavdes Cveva gasaRebSi Cauxedavad daweros savarjiSo. afasebs Tavis codnas. gramatikuli cnobari. 4.3. reading and writing). TiToeuli sityvis metyvelebis nawilis miTiTebiT da transkrifciiT. 59. 2. 1 – trimestris saboloo moswrebis Sesafaseblad. amitom calkeuli moswavleebis warmatebis Sefaseba warmoebs saxelmZRvaneloSi sxvadasxva etapze gamoyenebuli davalebebis Sesrulebis dros. moswavleebis dafasTan gamoZaxebiT. d. da Sesabamisad SefasebiT.. e. pasuxobs SekiTxvebs. Preparing basis for their arguments 4. 6. b. speaking. VII. moswavlis wignis struqtura: 1. damatebiTi masala gakveTilebisTvis. Speaking in public – school meeting speaking from (box B) Sts choose reasons (from box C) to prove their point Roleplay. gv. Semowmeba: arCeviT. 5. sarCevi – Sinaarsi (Contents). saxelmZRvanelo gameorebas. VIII. axali meTodikiT Catarebul gakveTilze ar xdeba moswavlis tradiciuli gziT gamokiTxva (gakveTilis moyoliT). Sts speak in front of the class Individual work Class work Textbookand teacher’s assignment Sts’s own materials ___ Class/teacher assessment Time alloted: approximately 40 minutes. TviTSemowmebis testebis pasuxebi. es gamoumuSavebs moswavleebs davalebiskeTilsindisierad Sesrulebis Cvevas. 1-2 magaliTis gamokiTxviT. 4 TviTSefasebis nawili (Self-assessment) – “What I know so far”. uzrunvelyofs gramatikuli da leqsikuri masalis ciklobrivad savarjiSo rveuli (workbook) Seicavs saSinao davalebebs yoveli Temis saklaso droisTvis – savarjiSoebs yoveli gakveTilisTvis. testebis wigni (a test booklet) Seicavs 6 tests – 2 TiTo trimestrisTvis – 1 momdinare moswrebis Sesamowmeblad. 10 Tema (Unit). romlis mixedviTac moswavle axdens Tavisi codnisa da unar-Cvevebis organizebas – swavlobs swavlas (learning to learn): avsebs cxrilebs. savarjiSoebs axlavs gasaRebebi. Mmaswavlebels Seaqvs Tavisi dakvirvebis Sedegi specialurad amisTvis gankuTvnil 22 . savarjiSoebi gramatikis gasaazreblad da asaTviseblad. Sefasebis formebi Sefaseba xorcieldeba mimdinare da Semajamebeli formiT. inglisur-qarTuli leqsikoni. da Semdeg gaasworos igi gasaRebTan SedarebiT. kompaqtdiski CD/ audiokaseta (audiocassette) Seicavs mosasmen teqstebsa da simRerebs. 3. testebSi gamoyenebuli mosasmeni teqstebi da testebis pasuxebi mocemulia maswavleblis wignis danarTSi.
Tu 0. standarti). moswavlem miiRo testirebaSi 48 qula. 0. kiTxva. testis TiToeuli davaleba fasdeba 10 baliani sistemiT. amiT mas eZleva saSualeba periodulad (daaxloebiT yovelkvireulad) Seafasos moswavle. anu "miRebuli Sedegebi". laparaki. Sesabamisad. wera. Semajamebeli Sefasebis dros yuradRebaSi misaRebia. weriTi saklaso samuSaos da saSinao davalebis Sesrulebis procesSi. kiTxvis. mimdinare Sefasebis sawarmoeblad ix. romlebic mimarTulia mosmenis.5 da meti – zedaze.rveulSi/JurnalSi. sametyvelo unar-Cveva mowmdeba yoveli unar-CvevisTvis gankuTvnili savarjiSoebis Sesrulebis procesSi. TiToeuli testi Sedgeba 5 davalebisgan. Tu ramdenad SeuZlia moswavles komunikacia oTxive sametyvelo unar-Cvevis farglebSi. leqsikisa da gramatikis Sefasebaze. davalebaTa Sesrulebis sistemurobas. enobrivi xasiaTis kriteriumebi: 23 . igi gansazRvravs misaRwevi Sedegis maCveneblebs.5 naklebia – qveda niSanze. erTi mxriv. gramatikuli da leqsikuri codna). komunikaciuri. misi Sedegi fasdeba orgvari saxis kriteriumiT. Sesabamisad. Sedegebi ki komunikaciur unar-Cvevebs gulisxmobs (ix. mimdinare da Semajamebel Sefasebebs Soris arsebuli gansxvaveba Semajamebeli Sefasebis mizania saboloo miRwevebi standartis moTxovnebTan mimarTebaSi. magaliTad. mimdinare Sefaseba/dakvirveba xdeba: zepiri saklaso samuSaos. saSinao davalebebis Sefasebisas miaqcieT yuradReba: • • Sesrulebuli davalebis xarisxs. IX klasis standarti (mosmena.3 (damrgvaleba moaxdineT . radgan saxelmZRvanelos mizania Camouyalibos moswavles oTxive sametyvelo unar-Cveva. amdenad. weris Sefasebisas yuradReba miaqcieT agreTve. xolo saerTo niSnis gamosayvanad niSanTa jami gaiyofa xuTze. Semajamebeli Sefaseba Semajamebeli Sefaseba xdeba sakontrolo samuSaos – testis meSveobiT (yovel trimestrSi orjer). gamoTqma. kiTxviTi saklaso samuSaos. niSani iqneba 48:5=9. meore mxriv. Tu ramdenad axerxebs moswavle TviTSefasebas da TanaSefasebas. weris.
es cxrili miiReT rogorc niSnis gamoyvanis erTi SesaZlo da ara savaldebulo awarmooT komunikaciuri unar-Cvevebisa da enobrivi unar-Cvevebis mixedviT. g. werisa da mosmenis unar-Cvevebi (ix.ver axerxebs. Make up a dialogue about___________________. b.. Perform the dialogue in class. Sefaseba a b g 24 . gamoyaviT dro.. da CaatareT gamokiTxva qvemoT mocemuli nimuSis Sesabamisad. mTavaria. _ nawilobriv axerxebs. kiTxvis. sakontrolo zepiri gamokiTxvis Sefasebis kriteriumebi: zepirmetyvelebis Sesafaseblad. Tqveni Sexedulebisamebr gamoiyeneT am cxrilSi mocemuli kriteriumebi. sasurvelia . saTanado gamomSvidobebis formula) Tanmimdevrulad gadmoscems saTanado informacias gamoxatavs damokidebulebas enobrivi unar-Cvevebi iyenebs saTanado leqsikur codnas sworad iyenebs zmnis drosa da formas icavs marTlweris wesebs qulaTa jami b 4-7 g 8-10 SeniSvna: 1.. niSnis gamosayvanad maswavlebeli qulaTa jams gayofs kriteriumebis raodenobaze 2. a. weriTi unar-Cvevebis Semowmebis dros gamoiyeneT Semdegi kriteriumi: a.1. _ nawilobriv axerxebs. weriTi metyvelebis unar-Cvevebi fasdeba saklaso weriTi davalebebiT (ix. garda yoveldRiuri saklaso samuSaos Sesrulebis dros dakvirvebis. damatebiT. nimuSi: Work in pairs. standartis mimarTuleba laparaki). varianti. a 1-3 komunikaciuri unar-Cvevebi icavs werilis formalur mxares (mimarva. standartis mimarTuleba wera): 2. zepirmetyveleba mowmdeba saklaso zepiri gamokiTxviT (ix. g. standartis mimarTulebebi mosmena da kiTxva) mowmdeba testirebiT. b. Tavisuflad axerxebs. xelmowera.ver axerxebs. Tavisuflad axerxebs.trimestris bolos.
In others there is some difference. Get the Sts to speak about them.1-3 komunikaciuri kriteriumebi 1. moswavle monawileobs interaqciaSi. 5 1.Procedure for performing some tasks. saTanadod iyenebs ganvlil leqsikas 4. pasuxebi (gasaRebebi) davalebebisTvis. UNIT I LEARNING FOR LIVING LESSON I School Education p. not described in Practical advice for teaching with ‘2000 plus’ 2. 2. romlebic ar aris mocemuli “praqtikul rCeebSi”. Vocabulary: humanitaruli sagnebi mecniereba saSualo skolis atestati saxelobo-teqnikuri programebi Tavisufali dro Arts (Humanities) Science General Certificate of Secondary Education vocational-technical programs leisure 25 .Texts/sentences for tasks to be read by the teacher.Keys for tasks. IX. 3. Tell the class. Key: No-s 1 and 3 sound like Georgian schools. 3. gamoTqma da intonacia sakmaod mkafioa da xels ar uSlis Sinaarsis gagebas qulaTa jami 4-7 8-10 SeniSvna: niSnis gamosayvanad qulaTa jami gayaviT 5-ze (kriteriumebis raodenobaze). Choose what sounds like your school. The following sentences describe school education in different countries. iyenebs naswavl gramatikul struqturebsa da formebs 5. maswavleblis cnobari yoveli gakveTilisTvis cnobari Seicavs: 1. teqstebi/winadadebebi davalebebisTvis. Teacher’s notes for lessons Teacher’s notes for each lesson contain: 1. informaciebs martivad da mkafiod abams erTmaneTs enobrivi kriteriumebi 3. Sesrulebis proceduris aRweras im zogierTi davalebisTvis. 2. romlebic maswavlebelma unda waukiTxos klass.
like – Do you think…? In my opinion … do you agree? They speak English. 4-processing. TV. 4. Fill in the gaps with suitable words from the text.began to develop software for personal computers. 3. 9.wrote a computer programme. 6. d – 1. 21 . Key: a – 2.tuition fee. These words will help (see the words in bold): savaldebulo swavleba compulsory education ufaso free (of charge) swavlis fuli tuition fee saswavlo gegma competition konkursi graduates skoladamTavrebulebi are trained amzadeben occupation profesia/xeloba information processing informaciis damuSaveba ceramics keramika p. 6 4. 21 . Sports Georgia grades 1 . free of charge.went to Harvard. leisure. and when they happened. LESSON 2 6- The Road to Success p. Japan Compulsory education Education free of charge Tuition fee Curriculum a) uniform b) varied Vocational training Exams throughout school Leisure activities grades 1 – 9 grades 1 – 9 In High school uniform In high school after the 9th and 12 grades Reading. 20 . e – 3.read an encyclopedia.12 grades 1 . He might nit have had time for Microsoft. 26 . Which of the words under B can follow each word under A? Write down as many pairs as you can find. Read the text “The Road to Success” again and write down the main events in Bill Gates’ early life. wrote BASIC. 5. Key: 1.compulsory.started Microsoft. Sts read the text and then discuss it in pairs answering the questions asked in the task. Ask and answer questions and fill in the table with information about Japan and Georgia.12 none uniform in some schools National Exams after 12th grade Reading. 2. If there aren’t any. 8 7. Sts in pairs match words with their meanings. 2. b – 4. p.Here are 5 words used in information technology. Sports p. 13 . TV. if he hadn’t.occupations.2. 7 5. Evidently he was. 3. Find what sounds like the the sentences above. 8. Key: 9 . 11 . While going it. The first one is given as an example.graduates. 6 b) In pairs. Key: 1 He decided that Microsoft was more important than his university studies. (The first letter of each word is given).went to Lakeside School. c – 5. Together with his friend Paul Allen he developed software for ersonal computers. Students think of people among their relatives or acqaintances. In pairs: match the words with their meanings. 18 .dropped out of Harvard. of people from photos on p. they are expected to ask each other questions. a) Read the interview with a Japanese high school student.
enter school.For each word in List A Sts find a pair from List B. SeniSvna: winaswar SegiZliaT daavaloT moswavleebs moiZion internetSi an enciklopediaSi informacia fotoebze asaxuli pirovnebebis Sesaxeb. friends Interests in childhood related to the present status University years Achievements 12. 9 Writing 10. They compare what they wrote with their partner. … she would be able to start… 5. The principal clause is in the past tense. p. Key: 1…. Which of the following are important for a person’s biography? Make a list. look in grammar reference. they have to change the tense from future simple into future simple in the past. They read the rule. …he would attend… 3. 4. a programme. Semdeg gabareben Tqven. Get the Sts to make a list putting the things in priority order – what should be mentioned first. rom moswavleebi gahyvnen im gegmas. and in every office.an engineer 27 . pirveli mosmena miznad isaxavs zogadi azris gamotanas. romelic wina savarjiSos mixedviT Seadgines. GRAMMAR The future in the past simple tense Sts read the sentence: Bill and Paul believed that there would be a computer in every home. mosmenis dros Tavdapirvelad Znelia mTeli informaciis gageba. … he’d have to win… 4. Then they do an exercise – changing sentences in direct speech into reported speech. vis biografias daweren. University. Read the contents of each slip out to the class. Write a biography. a year. 5. The teacher’s variant of structure: The person’s present status The person’s date and place of birth. When did they believe it – in the present. with another example. 2. 3. da dasturdebian Tavisi mixvedris sisworeSi. risi saSualebasac iZleva davaleba. gaasworeT da daubruneT. TandaTanobiT mivaCvioT moswavleebi mosmenilidan azris gamotanaSi. Then they give their slips to you (teacher). is worth a million lari. the second – in the tense. past or future? Answer: In the future. Sts choose any of the given persons to write a biography. rac mosmenis proceduras ar moabezrebT. imisTvis rom SeZlon aarCion. University. Key: 1. When would there be a computer in every home – in the present. 2. a teacher a. Sts analyse the sentence answering 2 questions: 1. On a slip of paper each St writes at least three sentences about the most interesting part of the text for them. I would not have to pay… 2. that the first part is in the past simple. Key: f. start a company. This is preparation for writing a biography. Semdeg usmenen. ris Sesaxeb aris teqsti. da gadawyveten. attend school. Compare and discuss with Sts what was most interesting for each. 10 LESSON 3 School in Afghanistan Listening. daweris Semdeg isini gacvlian nawerebs gverdiT mjdomTan da asworeben erTmaneTis namuSevrebs. misi gaadvilebisTvis mosmenis win imis mixedviT. yovel jerze axali davalebiT. suraTs. …he’d do well… 7. which they are going to learn. a million lari. an aunt j. 11. spend a year. 9. write a programme. Then they look at the sentence and see. …it would be interesting… p. 6. University. etc. …they’d learn… 6. Education Family. University. past or future? Answer: In the past. school. a cousin c. moswavleebi Sexedaven saTaurs. mniSvnelovania. and why. teqsts usmenen ramdenimejer. 7. so when getting a complex sentence in reported speech. mark what is different and tell the class. gamoaqvT winaswari azri teqstis Temis Sesaxeb: 13. drop out of school. moawyveT garkveuli Secdomebis garCeva.
ramdenad gaiges. Spring term begins on January 8th and finishes at the end of March. outside 8. taught at home by her aunt. very small.m. I. become an engineer 16. So. do well. Then act the interview out in class. After lunch there is the afternoon session. 4. 1. sityvebis CarCo . I. no desks 9. May I ask you several questions about education in Great Britain? Do people in Great Britain think education is very important? Student. In British schools. no chairs. The answers in this interview are given by a British student. How many hours do students spend in school? S. 4. Ask questions for which the answers are given. well written. In pairs. A. 28 . and ends at 3. Semdeg yvebian avRaneTsa da saqarTvelos cxovrebas Soris gansxvavebebze. b) am magaliTebis gamoyenebiT isini weren ramdenime winadadebas Tavisi Tavis Sesaxeb. 3.“yuTi” Seicavs zedmet sityvebsac. 2. gv. 6. rac daweres.14. no shoes. What do the students usually have for lunch? S. Everybody thinks that school trains for well-paid jobs. 3. meore mosmena: moswavleebi ismenen da Tan cdiloben ipovon Sesaferisi sityvebi winadadebebis Sesavsebad. hard day – mZime dRe – zedsarTavi. drives fast.15 noon to 1. Key:1. g) wyvilebSi: ukiTxaven nawers erTmaneTs. mud. or do people have to pay tuition fee? S. dawn 2. study hard. fast cars. dances well. Some children have a free school dinner. asarCevad. Semdeg karnaxoben dafasTan moswavles. romlis Semdeg varjiSoben gamoyenebaSi. gv. children can usually choose between a hot or cold dinner provided by the school or a packed lunch taken from home. 3. I. 18. to work hard – mZimed muSaoba – zmnizeda. Semdeg kiTxuloben sxva magaliTebs da wess. an hour 4. romlebic esmiT. Our lunch break is from 12. 2. Education is compulsory from age 5 to 16. Key: 1. 2. I’m writing an article for a youth magazine in Georgia. drives well. 19. Key (words from the text): 1. 12 Speaking Interview with a British Student 20. chairs. School year consists of three terms. an hour 4.15. Is education free. moswavleebi kiTxuloben pasuxebs interviuSi da svamen kiTxvebs. dawn. Summer term begins in the middle of April and finishes at the end of July. good job. 5. In state schools. How much time do schoolchildren study during the year? S. essay is good. good swimmer. danarTSi.m. 6. Autumn term begins in October and finishes on December 20th. 5. moswavleebi kvlav usmenen da Tan weren mokle informacias. wake up early. 5. The morning session begins at 9. hard job. The school day begins at 9. 50 degrees. early strawberries. b) Compare girls’ studies in Afghanistan and in your country. mesame mosmena: mocemulia sakiTxebi teqstidan. moswavleebi axdenen winadadebebis analizs. However. helps them have better life in future. 7. I. but most children pay for theirs. 10. 11 Grammar gansxvaveba hard zedsarTavsa da zmnizedas Soris . a) Compare your school with Abdulla’s. shoes 3. and to pay high tuition fee. an Tavisi sityvebiT. So it takes an hour or even more. desks 15. qarTulad. some parents choose to send their children to private schools. amowmeben. Key: Interviewer.30 or 4 p. mud 5.00 and ends at 12. speaks well.00 a. There is a 15-minute break in the middle. air-conditioning 6. Hello.m. SeuZliaT daweron is sityvebic. Does school provide lunch? Is it free? S.15 p. it is free. a) moswavleebi kiTxuloben cxrils da yovels Seaqvs Tavisi piradi Sesabamisi informacia. 6. I.
samive abzacis dasawyisi winadadebebi mocemulia. An art pupil does English Language and Literature. I. Technical Drawing. Sts compare a British student’s day with theirs and first write several sentences about it. 15 Grammar Conditional sentence moswavleebi kiTxuloben winadadebas da aanalizeben mas – mTavar winadadebaSi momavali droa (Future simple). gv. romelic Tan unda Seavson. a) jer weren ramdenime winadadebas saqarTvelos ganaTlebis Sesaxeb.I. romelic. Mathematics. compared with what a British student does. Economics. Often it is a written exercise but sometimes it also consists of research. sadac rTuli qveqyobili winadadebis 29 . 13 Speaking 22. ramdenime moswavles xmamaRla waakiTxeT maT mier arCeuli winadadeba. S. which is the biggest problem in this school? Read the text and mark one sentence which describes this problem. Writing. Parents usually help their children: they check after the homework is completed. Do you carry your computer to school every day? S. SedarebisTvis. How many days a week do students study? S. I. asaxavs am skolis problebas.You’re welcome. a) In your opinion. So the students have an opportunity to choose between these two. gv.after the 6th grade . b) Mark what sounds like a problem in your school. Students study five days a week.children are divided into study groups – 1. What subjects do they study? S. Arts (or Humanities) and 2. Our Tablet PCs are connected to a Network so we can send our work straight to our teachers. foreign languages. Thank you very much. Science. completing a questionnaire or finding out information from people around. 23. partly a speaking exercise. Music. exmareba intervius warmoebaSi. Then tell the class about one big difference between your day and theirs. Art. maTi azriT. I. and they can send them back with their comments. amis Semdeg ecnobian wess inglisurad. Geography. Curriculum is varied. am gramatikuli movlenis gasavarjuSeblad akeTeben Semdeg 25-e savarjiSos. 21. also to do our work on and to search the Internet. I collect my Tablet PC from the Flexi (Flexible Learning Centre) When I arrive at school. We use our Tablet PCs in some lessons. I. LESSON 4 gv. Good-bye. damokidebulSi – awmyo (Present simple). moswavleebi swavloben mokle Txzulebis daweras. Drama. I. Write three sentences about what you usually do. Does everybody study the same subjects? Is curriculum the same for everybody? S. Biology. A science pupil studies Chemistry. Here is the school day of a British student. Semdegi nabijia b) sami mokle abzaci (daaxloebiT 50 sityva) saqarTvelos ganaTlebis Sesaxeb. visits to the library or art gallery. In secondary schools . then tell the class/in pairs/in groups of four. I. cxrili. This is partly a writing. 14 The Problem of One School 24. What kind of homework do you usually have? S. kiTxuloben wesis Semdeg mocemul magaliTs. Do you use computers in school? S. moswavleebi kiTxuloben teqsts erTi skolis problebis Sesaxeb da airCeven erT winadadebas. am savarjiSoSi moswavleebi svamen kiTxvebs da gamohyavT informacia or qveyanaSi – did britaneTsa da saqarTveloSi saskolo ganaTlebis Sesaxeb. History. Physics. intervius safuZvelze.
rom monawileebma gaiTavison salaparako problema da interesiT moekidon mas. students will read them. If the playground isn’t next to people’s houses. They mark the words like it is shown in the example. 17 30 . maswavleblis. What does Student 2 mean? –(Answer) That there is no discipline in class. b. romelic saerToa sxvadasxva qveynebSi macxovrebeli axalgazrdebisTvis. it will be easy to get there. Sts can say 1-2 sentences about their opinion of the jokes. 4. he is doing his job. 3-e. 5-b. am varjiSis Semdegi nabijia sav. Key: 1-d. 26. JOKES Sts read these two jokes in class. Ask questins to see if everybody understood them. p.. Tu skolis irgvliv macxovreblis (Box B). Sts make sentences using the example and call them out. He does not care who is listening. They choose a person from box B and decide on a good reason for this person from box C. and speak in front of the whole class.. da SesaZlo dainteresebul pirTagan – romeli roli iqneba TiToeulisTvis ufro axlo – moswavlis. gamomsvleli sityvas iwyebs Tavisi Tavis wardgeniT. all the students will be able to play.. romlebic areulad aris mocemuli.. Sts complete the sentences choosing the ideas and the reasons from boxes A and C. mTavaria. rolebis TamaSisTvis momzadeba. Semdeg gamoTqvams Tavis azrs am problemis gadawyvetis Sesaxeb Box C mocemuli informaciis moSveliebiT. rac mTeli klasisTvis Tavisi dawerili winadadebebis Semowmeba da gramatikis ganmtkiceba iqneba. 26 – gadaakeTon/gadaweron martivi winadadebebi ise.. 4-a. ROLEPLAY Sts imagine they are one of the people interested in school improvement.nawilebi – mTava\ri da damokidebuli. Sts practise fast reading and identifying the meaning of word pairs. people will have peace. Sts look at box A and choose one of the six ideas to improve the school. 27. Semdeg daaxasiaTebs problemas (teqstis mixedviT). Organise a competition: the student who finishes first is the winner. Sts make sentences.. gv. rolebis TamaSi aris naswavli leqsikis da gramatikis salaparako situaciaSi gamoyenebis saukeTeso saSualeba. romeli dainteresebuls jgufis interesebs warmoadgens igi.MONEY. using the example and tell them to their partners. 15. What does Student 1 mean when he says their professor talks to himself? – (Answer) That their professor is so old he does not know what he is doing. UNIT 2 MONEY. Read some ideas from box A one by one. 2-c. 2. amitom avarCieT skolis cxovrebis gamococxlebis problema. Sesamowmeblad ukarnaxon isini dafasTan mdgom moswavles. Match parts of the sentences. mieciT moswavleebs saSualeba TviTon airCion SesaZlo variantebidan (Box A) romel cvlilebaze arCeven laparaks. romelia maT mier arCeuli situaciisTvis misasadagebeli (Box C) da mTeli am masalis gamoyenebiT amzadeben mokle gamosvlas. but still the professor continues speaking. 16 28. 5. 2. rom Seqmnan pirobiT damokidebuli winadadebiani rTuli qvewyobili.MONEY. 25. 3. unda miasadagon erTmaneTs da Seqmnan mTeli winadadebebi. a. Key: 1. gv. Now Sts look at boxes B and C. If the books in the library are modern. a. amis Semdeg isini arCeven SesaZlo mizezebidan. If the playground is big enough. Then each St has to read box C and to choose a suitable reason for his idea. Suggested questions: 1. If the students spend enough time on learning. Ask some students to call out their sentences. If the public swimming pool is near. b. their exam results will be very good. Let Sts choose a reason for each idea from box C and make sentences.
buRalteri.c 3. after you finish. Reading gamoiyeneT procedura. moswavleebi airCeven erTerT kiTxvas da werilobiT pasuxoben mas. “How to make a business a success” moswavleebi asaTaureben TiToeul paragrafs imisda mixedviT. Read them to the class. To learn how ice creams are made I could (should) work for somebody who makes ice creams.bazris kvleva. 2. 20 mocemulia teqstSi ganxiluli sakiTxebis CamonaTvali. For example: 1 – about how delicious your ice creams are. akeTeben Canawerebs da moaxseneben klass Tavisi dakvirvebis Sedegs.veba.xelfasi.reklamireba. Key: 5 .3 . Sts look at the model and write one true sentence about each. Sts read the sentences. what kind of ice creams they like and at what price they will buy them. nimuSi: Key: 1. 2 .. Building vocabulary mocemulia fulTan dakavSirebuli sityvebi qarTulad da inglisurad Sesabamisi sityvebis axsna. mosazebnia inglisur-qarTuli Sesatyvisobebi. mosmenis Cvevis Camosayalibeblad procedura dayofilia etapebad: 1. Semdeg ukarnaxeben dafasTan moswavles da adareben. 8. 5. 1 . 7 .mogeba. __________ sentences were similar.firma. next to the sentence. rac aviTarebs swrafi kiTxvis unars. Semdeg ukiTxaven klass. Advertise. Have an accountant. Each St looks for a sentence similar to his. romelic aRwerilia SesavalSi“How to teach reading”. gamomuSaveba earn. 11 . After you finish reading the sentences. 2. Tu ras aRwers igi. 9. 3. according to the model in task 4.b 4. and say. b. Find a place for business. ramdeni msgavsi winadadeba iyo dawerili/wakiTxuli. While dictating the letter.danakargi. buRalteri accountant. if there are any similar opinions.6 . danakargi loss. – a gv. look through the text and write the letter marking the paragraph in which these things were mentioned.daxarjva. 9 .gamomuSa. about _________.Others were all different. 8 . 6.bazari. 10 . Carrying out some market research will show how many people will buy ice creams. Key: 1. Sts report to you the result of their observation. von rogor daasaTaura. xarjva spend. on condition yes The kids Gio Nana Maya Dato gv. davaleba: klasis moswavleebi iTvlian. Then they dictate the key to a student at the board. 18 4. 4 .d. Sts write one true sentence about themselves on a slip of paper.LESSON 1 Starting a Business am Tavis gakveTilebis Temas warmoadgens ‘fuli’ da masTan dakavSirebuli problemebi.qira Writing 10. Vocabulary: mogeba profit. 2. One title is extra. pirveli gakveTili iwyeba dialogebiT – sxvadasxva bavSvebi sxvadasxva mizniT sTxoven TavianT mSoblebs fuls. . Give them a task while they are listening: a. they can also say what the sentence is about . 31 . What did they want to buy? lemonade movie ticket scarf encyclopedia Didi they get the money? no no yes. Then they read 5 – 6 sentences to the class. Sts read the 4 short paragraphs about how to make money. . gv. 19 7. Key: 1. They give the sentences to you.this will provide more practice in speaking. reklamireba advertise. moswavleebi avseben cxrils mosmenilidan informaciiT. They decide which title is the best for each paragraph and write the letter marking it next to the number of one of the titles. Get Sts to make notes while you are reading. mosaZebnia TiToeulis Sesabamisi adgili teqstSi gadaxedvis gziT. mag.
They asked us who wanted to go into business. 3. magram mainc moswavleebi kiTxuloben kategoriebad dayofil winadadebebs pirdapir TqmaSi . and the money that you spend. 5. ris Semdeg adgenen winadadebebs areuli wyobiT dawerili sityvebidan. ‘must’. Sts fill the gaps with article ‘a’. ‘can’. Who needs money to pay for lots of things? 3. ‘may’. Cumi kiTxva. 6.When you have started selling your ice-creams. I was asked (they asked me) where I wanted to sell my ice creams. Key: 32 . risTvisac evalebaT moniSnon erTi winadadeba. Why is it important to carry out some market research? 3. romlebic iwarmoeba inversiiT – zmna gadadis qvemdebaris win: 1) kiTxviTsityviani winadadeba.3. Counting money is important because if I spend more than I earn. 16. 21 Grammar revision Questions in direct and reported speech es gramatikuli masala wina wlebSi naswavlis gameorebaa. Tu ras emsaxureba reklama. 2. Whose business brings enough money to buy lots of things? 5. 5. gv. maswavlebeli dafaze dawers am winadadebebs moswavleebis karnaxiT. romelic saTauris azrs xsnis – aRwers. Key: 1. I asked them who wanted money to 14. How are ice creams made? 2. 22 LESSON 2 Reading We are Surrounded by Ads 15. Who should carry out some market research? 13. How much will an ice cream cost? 5. romelic Seicavs danarCen zmnebs. I will have only losses. they will listen and correct. 6. (12) 1. I will not have a profit. You will not sell many ice-creams if you are in a place where ___X_____children never go! 4. you will not have a profit. 2. 4. It will make them want to have it. romelic iwarmoeba meSveli zmnis daxmarebiT. How many children are there around a school? 4. After they have finished. adareben am winadadebebs irib TqmaSi gadayvanils. you will need to count the money that you earn. ixseneben wess. If you are spending more than you earn. gv. you will have only X losses! 7. kiTxuloben igive wess qarTulad danarTSi. ‘the’ or nothing. I asked why it was important to carry out market research. kiTxvis dros moswavleebi yuradRebas amaxvileben ZiriTad informaciaze. gadahyavT TiTos 2 winadadeba irib TqmaSi. kiTxuloben xmamaRla. wignSi miTiTebulia paragrafebi. What time do you wake up? 12. This means that you have to decide on the best place for selling your ice-creams. Who wants to go into business? 2. 3. da xmamaRla kiTxuloben klasSi: 1. Key: 1. choose information from advertisement A or B to complete each sentence. And it will make them want to have it now. read the whole text. Where do you want to sell your ice creams? 6. 2. anu kiTxva. romelic Seicavs zmnas ‘to be’ 2) kiTxviTsityviani winadadeba. I wanted to know how ice creams were made. ‘an’. I studied how many children there were around a school. A good ad will make the reader look at it. The place of your business is very important. Key: 1. or buy something. What will grow with time? 4. romelic Seicavs zmnebs ‘will’. I counted how much an ice cream would cost. The difference between what you earn and what you spend will be your profit. nebismieri am 4-dan sworia: Ads are messages that try to make people do something. Semdeg 3) kiTxviTsityviani winadadeba. They asked me what time I woke up. It will make them be interested in what is being sold. or believe something.You may need to have an accountant to count what you earn and what you spend. Get them to read appropriate places from Grammar Reference §15. pasuxebi: (11) 1. The same procedure as in task 11.jer is kiTxvebi.
8. It would be interesting to arrange a discussion. 7. am gramatikis gamoyenebiT moswavleebi. The same as 5. fill the gaps in the text. the shop in Gamsakhurdia avenue. Mary K. the newest. chairs and armchairs. is the first. wesi . Can we trust advertisements after this? . imisTvis. the shop in Gamsakhurdia avenue. rom miizidos wamkiTxveli. reklama unda iyos did furcelze. the highest quality. The best trainers. Guests came. saWiroa gramatikis gameoreba: 1) zedsarTavi saxelebis xarisxebi – ZiriTadi magaliTebi mocemulia. chocolate. 4. Some rush to the bank to get the money. gv. and… crash! The sofa breaks down.gv. the most exciting + any of these nouns. the softest sofas.1. 6. 2. Men Tires Meat products Cigarettes e. Key: the best ship (ring. mcire jgufebSi. arCeven saqonels. Key: 33 .danarTSi. komiqsi – laparakis savarjiSo. The sofa is delivered to Mary’s home just in time – a little before the guests came. the shop in Gamsakhurdia avenue. 4-4.20 laris. 5. 6. 2. 57 832. 3. 57 832.Grandparents Vacuum cleaners Refrigerators Writing 19. the fastest. the cheapest at this moment – because it is on sale. She decides to surprise her guests who are coming to her party in the afternoon. LESSON 3 How Cities Grow gv. Everybody looks at the ad and is ready to rush and buy the furniture. The Sairme Str. feradad gaformebuli. sityvaTa wyvilebis Seqmna. yvela yveba Taviseburad. these are just possible suggestions. She comes to the shop.komiqsis savaraudo teqsti: The Power of Advertisement Buying furniture A good advertisement can make anybody buy the items it advertises. Women Furniture Clothes Cakes Theatre Jewellery d. Everybody is impressed by the marvellous purchase. you need to have money. the most tender. da qmnian reklamas. In Sairme Sts. too. At last she chooses the best. she sits on every one of them. maswavleblisTvis .B the same as 3.buy some cheap clothes. To choose the best . 26 24. Teenagers Ball games Dances Movies Computers Basketball match Swimming pools c. A. rom Seqmnan reklama. Kids under 10 Candies b. even on sale. 23 20.the best colour. Which group of people will be most interested in each of the items? Key: There can be no one right answer. 21. pool. Key: 1. aarCieT gamarjvebuli. 23 17. a. the most special. car …) the greatest.One hour. Here is an advertisement for a SALE . the biggest sofa. 18. Six. And it IS nice. Everybody is eager to be the first to sit on it and feel how comfortable it is! Several people sit on the sofa. 5. 7. 3. 4. But to buy a piece of furniture.the best furniture. bicycle. the biggest. Answers to questions. 2) infinitivi miznis garemoebis gamosaxaravad . While listening. the softest. the softest.Seven o’clock. It is placed in the living room.
Shop-keepers became rich. dauxmareblad. fifties . Then shut the books. Key: 1. Key: 1. TiToeuli jgufi • airCevs proeqtis Temas mocemuli variantebidan. 31. 28 29. “What”.equipment 11. Then suddenly it became a busy and prosperous town. moswavleebi TviT-Semowmebis tests akeTeben klasSi. What I know so far. Gold miners did not become rich.find 9. 1966. Each St grades his partner and tells the grade to the teacher.depression 6. 7 – c. They can invent any details.Seattle 1. Key: successful .taste. They have to think of answers to questions “When”. discovery-discover. prezentaciis drosac moxseneba nawil-nawil warmoadginon. immediatelyimmediate. 4.1950. Thousands of people came to find gold on the Klondike River. Seattle was a poor city when gold was discovered near the Klondike River in Canada 2. Self-assessment unit. Procedure: Sts finish the sentences. Give a sign (clap hands) to start. 27. The sentence which epresses the gist of the text: Key: The city grew because a big factory – a plant – to produce steel was built there. 3 – e.changed 8. Reziko will return the book in time. after it dictate the fillers to a student at the board. telling their partner in as much detail as possible everything they can think of about the topic. aq meordeba. saboloo Sedegs Seajameben da adareben swori pasuxebis raodenobas – 50. When the teacher says “Change”. 34 . to make a summary of the text Key: 1-d. 4. “Where” “Why”. We will be invited to the celebration. Project am proeqtis gasakeTeblad moswavleebi daajgufeT 4-4-ad. • gainawileben sferoebs – vin ra informacias moiZiebs internetSi. add their own. LESSON 4 How Rustavi Became a Busy City p. 5 – a. prosperous-prosper. amiT TviTon axdenen Tavisi Tavis Sefasebas. celebration-celebrate. Words and the words they are formed from. look at the fillers and reconstruct the sentences from memory. yvela erTmaneTs rom avsebdes. 30.gold 5. am savarjiSos procedura aRwerilia SesavalSi qarTulad.jobs 7.differ. an enciklopediaSi. 3. 33. Merchants sold 25 million dollars’ worth of supplies in less than a year. Twenty-second texts. difference .success. It will be late to offer your help tomorrow. Then the two of them join another pair. sixties – 1964.years 4. Make sure you have a watch with a second hand! Preparation: Give Sts 1 minute (time it) to write the words that they are going to use in the text. • moamzadeben informacias mosaxseneblad. 3.merchants 12. 4 – b. if they run out of true details. 6. They stop at the teacher’s sign. 32. tasty . Sts stand in pairs. 2 – g. Rewrite the sentences changing them to express a fact. 1968. advertisement-advertise. Natia will go to the movies with Soso. inglisurad.modern 2. 1947. They cannot stop until the 20 seconds are out. 1951. 2. “Who”. 6 – f.hundred 3. Tvlian swori pasuxebis raodenobas da Caweren amistvis gankuTvnil ujraSi. 28.few 25. 5. Write these six sentences in their logical order. Finish the sentences. the other pair will tell their text to the first pair. amowmeben siswores moswavlis wignis danarTSi mocemuli gasaRebiT. St A takes 20 seconds to tell St B one text out of the three given. Forties – 1942. and now St B will tell them St A’s text. an gamokiTxvis meTodiT.food 10.
rodesac inglisuri enis SesaZleblobebi ar gaswvdeba Temas. moswavlis Txovnis SemTxvevaSi. moawyveT diskusia Temaze – ra aris megobroba. 5. a) moswavleebi kiTxuloben winadadebebs. UNIT 3 TEENAGE RELATIONSHIPS LESSON 1 The Value of Friendship A. Can you help me find a solution? 2. ramdenad afaseben moswavleebi mas. underline the subject with a straight line. My teacher was not angry with me. Exercise. es diskusia SeiZleba nawilobriv qarTuladac warmarToT. 1. You may argue with your friend. 5. 34 LESSON 2 Young People’s Problems 35 . Compare with your neighbour. Tu hqoniaT megobrebTan uTanxmoeba. Friends are never jealous of your happiness. gadawyeta gaziareba Suri kamaTi Cxubi damegobreba solve share envy argue. moswavleebi arCeven mocemulidan risi gakeTeba uyvarT megobrebTan erTad. Why did you argue about such unimportant things? 6.maswavleblis daxmareba mdgomareobs imaSi. 4. 1. She was really happy. 3. saukeTeso momxseneblis jgufi gamarjvebulad gamocxaddeba. 4-4 jgufebSi. Friends are happy when you are happy. One/You can make friends with people of any age. romlebic aRweren megobrobis mniSvnelobas. rom moaZebninos Secdomebis Sesabamisi masala wignSi. and the predicate . ratom. This good advice saved the lives of five people! 4. ra mniSvnelobas aniWeben mSvidobianad uTanxmoebis mogvarebas. da ra – CxubiT. gv.with a wavy line. momxsenebeli moaxsenebs klass Tavisi jgufis Sexedulebebs. In the following sentences. eTanxmebian Tu ara TiToeuls. da pouloben mocemuli qarTuli sityvebisTvis Sesatyvisobebs. 2. Speaking 4. 6 – c kamaTi 7 – a waCxubeba 8 – g patieba Grammar. da ratom. da gaameorebinos igi. 4-4 amboben TavianT azrs. (Predicate is in italics) Semasmeneli qvemoT pasuxSi daxrili SriftiT aris dabeWdili. Fill in the blanks with a subject. moswavleebi arCeven gamonaTqvaebs da amboben. Subject and Predicate Exercise. 1. Key: 1 – d damegobreba 2 –e problemebis gaziareba 3 . ar CaaxSoT azrTa gamoxatva inglisuris ukmarisobis gamo. wyvilebSi. risi – ara. rogor gamodian usiamovno situaciebidan. quarrel fight make friends b) 2.f kargi rCevis micema 4 – b problemis gadawyvetaSi daxmareba 5 – h megobris bednierebos gaziareba. sityvebis da gamoTqmebis misadageba maT gansazRvrebebTan da qarTul SesatyvisobebTan. My friends shared my happiness. 3. Argument must be solved without a quarrel.
. 5.6. dalaparakeba. When I have a problem. rom logikuri winadadeba Sedges. had taken out. Before that time: 2.7. conflict .4. Sts know from the previous activities that the given words are close in meaning. speak about what sounds familiar to them in these situations. p. 7. Sts read paragraphs 1 and 2 of the text again. disagreement . settle. 4. Key: 1 – angry.5. They have to write these words in the priority order according to their own consideration (nakleb Zlieridan metad Zlieramde).waCxubeba. 6. Key: 1 – B. decided. laughed. The first letter and some letters of each word are given. Suggested sentences: 36 .gabrazebuli. Then they share their lists with their partner. I can’t __________ (find) a solution quickly. Complete the answers. She often __________ (gives) me good advice. 2) Maka talked it over with Sulkhan. 3. Read the sentences making a pause before a gap. Suggested sentences: The flowers had opened by midday.ganxilva. 11. 2. liked.8. 6. p. Suggested variant: not serious. p. Figures 1. 16. b. Key: angry .konfliqti. Explain that disagreement – SeuTanxmebloba and differences – uTanxmoeba are synonyms and have synonymous L1 equivalents.5.9. had seen. But we always manage to __________ (settle) them. 4. like. What were the reasons? Fill in the gaps with the right form of the verb.numbers and letters. read. 2) Gogi forgave Lasha. 13. Grammar exercise 3. was angry. Sometimes we have __________ (disagreements. Lines show the number of letters. TiTo svetidan – TiTo sityva/fraza. plays. likes. 6. 35 6. are grammar exercises for understanding and practising past perfect. he forgot his anger. 1) Maka and Sulkhan quarrel very often. I often __________ (share) my problems with her. 9. conflict. Key: 1) Gogi and Lasha were good friends intil Lasha lost Gogi’s mobile phone. 36 10. I get __________ (angry) and very unhappy 5. She realised she was not angry with Sulkhan any more. differences . The bus hadn’t started when you came.mogvareba 8.3. He writes these words in a column.Then they read paragraphs A. Ana is my best __________ (friend). Sts have to choose two words from the list. B and C “Settling Differences” which give general opinion about the same problem. Key: At that time: 1. and he felt much happier. 9. 10. 3.Sts read paragraphs 1 and 2 which are the examples of how teenagers settle their differences. find a sentence in the text with each of them and write down the two sentences. 2 – quarrel. We hadn’t eaten at this restaurant before. 7. A – disagreement. Sts should match the examples and the descriptions . solved. 1. jumbled. 4. had changed. My friend hadn’t eaten this delicious pie before. very serious 12 .Grammar practice. 2 and letters A.SeuTanxmebloba. She found out that they liked the same things. not very serious. 8. Then they fill in the blanks with predicates . But Ana is very __________ (friendly) and smart. who will write the fillers from Sts’ dictation. Ask several Sts to call out their sentences without looking at them. settle .uTanxmoeba. choose a suitable word from the list give to it the number of the sentence. Gogi was very angry. talk over . 3. talk over.10. quarrel. forgive . Sts listen to you.patieba. They have to write out two sentences from each paragraph describing differences between the friends and what decision was made by one of the friends to settle these differences. Sts read the text again looking for 8 words connected with having and settling differences. serious. Then you write L1 equivalents in another column. 2 – A 7. 2. For checking the exercise invite a St to the board. 1.) 8. forgive. had read. 37 14. 2. B – differences. 5.16. B show in which paragraph the words can be found. had left. 15. Granny had invited everybody by midday…. They think of what they would do in similar situations. Sts dictate the words they found to a St at the board. One is extra. Key: 1. quarrel . a. had lost.
Sts read the text and find the English equivalents of the L1 words words. 5 – b.a conflict. a disagreement.conflict. a problem.Sts read the sentences which were said by both people on each of the nine stages in 21.K. 25. Suggested sentences: 1. Odd one out. 4.win an argument 21. romelic asworebsrogorc Tavdapirvelad 37 . I lost it. a problem share . an opinion. 6 – d. 18. that I am not angry at all. had never been at the seaside before. 4 – a. I’ll buy a card. a) Sts match examples of a person’s behaviour when he is angry (column 1) with what a person says in each case (column 2) Key: 1 – c. and I don’t have a mobile phone. 38 LESSON 3 How do you Cope with your Anger? 17.K. 2. p. 7 – i. 4 – a. happiness (positive meaning). moswavleebi weren erTabzacian teqsts saTauris sesabamisad. had never seen it before. 2 – e. Suggested conversation: . 3 – f. had received an email from her. Suggested pairs: have – a conflict. a problem solve . Play the tape.Sure. 5. 2 – g. ucvlian Tavis gverdiT mjdoms da asworeben erTmaneTis nawers. 8 – f. had sold it two years ago. settle . they don’t like at 15 or 16.happiness 23. . Only there’s not enough money on the account. Sts make up a conversation between Gogi and Lasha on the theme of the lost mobile phone. rac maTi azriT Secdomaa.. When I’m angry I pretend that there is no problem. When I’m angry I do nothing because I know that the problem will not last long. They compare what they wrote with their partner. 5 – b.an opinion. 2. They have to match the stages with the phrases. I say: She/he really didn’t mean that…. kamaTSi mogeba. 3.resolve a conflict. point of view. differences. Writing. moniSnaven.I have to make a phone call. Choose several Sts to tell the class. Sts choose one of the descriptions in 15 of this unit and write one true sentence using the model.a conflict. 3. I don’t need it right now. daweren swor variants. a disagreement. -Lost it?! p. Key: 1 – e. 9 – h p. and I don’t think I’ll need it tonight. . mark what is different and tell the class. and I need my phone now.Each St decides if he agrees or disagrees that teenage relationships don’t last long and writes a paragraph about why he/she thinks so. There can be different correct answers. solve (verb.O. procedura: 1. 4. point of view. others are regular). konfliqti. 19. talk over (positive). will you lend me yours just for a very short call? . 2. Why don’t teenage relationships last long? Suggested answer: Because teenagers change as they grow. 2.I have to make a call. had invited her to listen to a new disk. Next day. 6. 39 20. In each group of words Sts have to find a word different from others and say why they think it is different. Their tastes change. I say: ‘I don’t care’. aZleven maswavlebels. so what they like at the age of 14. thought (irregular verb. 24.had changed time on our clock.uTanxmoebis mogvareba . Suggested answers: 1. 3 – c. Can I take it with me for this evening? -O. 26. b) Sts listen to the tape and check what they have matched. .I’m so sorry. 40 22.I’m sorry I forgot that I have to make another call in half an hour. 6 – d. 3.1. Example: I think the word ‘happiness’ is different because all the other words have similar meaning. others are nouns). I don’t know what to say. a disagreement. For each word in list A Sts find a pair from list B. .
His friends are more important than his girlfriend . He writes numbers 1. eWvianoba. p. persuaded. 1. wyvilebSi. rom im katis funqciebis Sesrulebas apirebda. complain. Secbunebuli. be bored. uyvebian erTmaneTs Tavis SeTxzul ambavs. 1. She doesn’t like boys who try to show off – Sara’s story 2. to complain. He didn’t try to make her happy – Andy’s story 29. being in bold type). yoyoCoba flirt. her to stop. Play the tape. mama igineboda vardnis dros. Count how many students do one and the same action. damarwmuna. speak. her happy. a. He introduced him to his sweetheart. moswavleebi weren mokle Txzulebas ymawvilebis urTierTobebis sesaxeb saqarTveloSi. showing off p. GRAMMAR 30. 2. Speaking 34. me.etyoba. 1. The friend asked/invited the girl to dance with him. Matching these titles with the stories: 1. to scream. 6. Jokes moswavleebi kiTxuloben xumrobebs da klasSi amboben. Invite one St to the board. Key: arSiyoba. tease. break up(with). 5. 42 28. me mad. 5.dawerils. paemani. Exercise: Fill in the blanks with an object. 33. him to let + her flirt. mobezrda. Then they listen again and join in singing. 2. them sing. me. Collect the stories. bavSvi verafers ityoda. 4. ajavrebdnen. impress. Sts read the stories told by three American teenagers and find the English equivalents for the given Georgian words (they are easy to find. 10. klasSi sanimuSod arCeviTad msjeloben daSvebul Secdomebze. mocemuli kiTxvebi daexmarebaT Txzulebis daweraSi. 7. her. 3 – d. 3. Sts have to match recipes for good teenage relationships with the Georgian equivalents. him to stop. agebulia replace sityvis or mniSvnelobaze: Secvla da Canacvleba. 3. 6. correct the mistakes and read some of them to the class. ACivili. Key: 1 – c. Follow the procedure described in the Student’s Book. Suggested variant of the story: The young man went to a dance. Exercise: Underline object. He met his old friend at the dance. be jealous.Jennifer’s story 3. date. 2. her know. and gogos da biWis urTierTobebi. him. 43 Song time 31. 4. p. them dance.4 of the recipe descriptions in a column. Sts dictate the number of the description they have chosen. qalma gaigo. b. 7. be embarrassed. Tu uxams sityvebs gamotovebda. kaci gulisxmobda sxva katis moyvanas. The beginning of the sentences will help them. 11. tell. 8. urTierToba gawyvita. me cry. Use the words in the box. Sts listen to the song and fill in the gaps. 4. UNIT 4 SAVE THE ENVIRONMENT 38 . So the young man lost his girl-friend. They were dancing to the music of the Tennessee waltz. Sts may share their views about the recipes in L1. 9. 41 LESSON 4 Stories by three American teenagers 27.extra 4. 4 – b. 2 – a. For checking they dictate the fillers to a St at the board. aseve gasworebuls da afasebs orive moswavles – damwersac da gamsworebelsac.her to see. STabeWdilebis moxdena. raSi mdgomareobs iumori. They both liked each other and the girl went away together with this friend. He was waltzing there with his sweetheart. an ori biWis. the band play. Sts write a story of the song. He shouldn’t flirt with other girls! . Tennessee Waltz Writing 32. magaliTad gamoiyenon maTTvis nacnobi ori gogos.
harm – damage. Key: pollution of environment. disappear –die out. 4 – a. manual work. 9. Grammar – follow the procedure described in SB. oil. …would be… 4. 2. 8. 7. People began to travel ___by____train or __by____car. The work was being done more and more __by_____ machines. 10. 4. Key: a . 4.extra. 1 – 1.3. Rewrite the sentences using ‘if’ + Past simple. Machines were made _from___ steel. … pollution disturbed…would not live… 2…. 7 words with prepositions from the text: in the sencond half of the nineteenth century People began to travel by train or by car. safe. protect – defend. a) Six things that pollute the environmet are: 3. 11. 1. – 3. warm . 2 – c. problem – difficulty.oil leaking in the sea. 14.LESSON 1 p. that the sausage in the shops contains chemicals? What will you do if you are on a picnic and the picnic is over? Where will you throw the paper packaging after you eat the ice cream? p.Smoke from cars. What is Ecology 2. p. 39 . Key: a. petrol. …was not/were not cleaned. p. …there were/was no …. Key: difficult – hard.2 b .Key: a – 4.dirty waste water flowing into river. People were changing nature _of___ their activities 3.d. air. Get the Sts to read out the answers to the class. did not think about the harm 5. 3 – e/a/b. …would cause… Building vocabulary. 5 – b. 12.didn’t think. 4. great . at an incredible speed.atomic bomb explosion.wonderful. Make sentneces from the words in jumbled order. d – 1. unbelievable – incredible. 16. 47 8. Oil was taken out of the earth a lot of money did not care about the land. 7. Match parts of sentences.V. Text is about polluting the environment. petrol – gasoline. 12. They did not care __about____ ecology. Some people have not started to think about protecting the countryside yet. …would be… 3.smoke from factories. 45 b.begin. Some people have never thought about the safety of our earth. 46 6. 6. earth. roads were built for the cars and railway lines were built for the trains. fine – delicate.Paragraphs should be arranged in the following order: Key: 3. 2. cool -cold. Key: 1. 4. water. Factory owners were making a lot __of___ money. Key: 1. Clothes were made __from___ cotton and silk. Some people have just begun to understand the problem. b) The pictures describe: left: Smoke from factories. b – 2. p. pay attention. dirty water from factories leaking into the sea/river. 2. 2. 49 15.1. 48 LESSON 2 What Happens to Waste 11. 2. People have already begun to think about the problem of pollution. 44 1. 7. 13. harm. 8. What will you do if you find out that people are burying pesticide remains in the mountain near your village? What would you do if you heard on the T. d . g . c – 3. What would you do if you found remains of vegetable peels at your door? What will you do if you see a man throw a cigarette end from the window?. 5. Pairs of words with similar meanings. 10. others guess the question and say it from memory. Key – 4 is false. steam. 12. Find paragraphs showing… . It happened _in____the second half __of___ the nineteenth century. 3. 4. 7. True/False. Fill in the gaps with prepositions: 1. 5. would disappear. Key: 1. Key: start . Sts write the answers to these questions. 4. realize – understand. …were/was…. p. 8. using real or unreal conditional sentences. 10.hot. right: sewage. coal. 10. 3. Have you ever paid attention to ecology? 5.
heat (water).17.Key: 1. Key: Kind of garbage Paper Glass Metals Plastic Wood Food Leaves and twigs from the garden Other materials (eg. living (things). • kiTxuloben teqstebis win mocemul kiTxvebs (romlebic orive teqstis informaciis moZiebas Seesabameba). Percentage.S? 2. recent (years). LESSON 4 Join in Efforts to Clean up our World 23. cloth. I thought that… Now I know that… I noticed this mistake. were making. Use the right form of the verb (active or passive). How mush paper is thrown away a year? 6. to understand. Cumad. es aris intensiuri kiTxvisa da laparakis savarjiSo. 4. Key: 1. p. Catarebis wesi: • klasi iyofa or nawilad –moswavle A da B moswavle . You said that… It was wrong. ti be industrialised. What does garbage consist of ? 3. were manufactured. 24. harm (to nature). rivers and streams and collected trash. B jgufis – II teqsts. Model : . Key: On Earth Day. Which is the next word? Key: delicate (balance). • isev wyvilebSi. rubber) Percentage of total 38 7 8 8 6 7 18 8 Weight(millions/tons) 73 13 16 16 12 13 35 17 20. were pulled. mewyvile iniSnavs/imaxsovrebs Secdomebs. romelic ar waukiTxavT. erTmaneTs uyvebian teqsts. Suggested answer: 40 . usvamen erTmaneTs kiTxvebs da moiZieben informacias meore teqstis Sesaxe. manual (work). How much garbage is thrown away by an average American? 4. How many tons of leaves and twigs are thrown away every year? p. • moZiebul informaciaze dayrdnobiT. burn (coal). A jgufis moswavleebi kiTxuloben I teqsts.I made a mistake . • wyvilebSi. 2. 5. • moswavleebi kiTxuloben meore teqsts da amowmeben Tavisi gagebulis siswores. adareben mewyvilis mier moniSnuls da Tavis SemCneul Secdomebs. romelic ar waukiTxavT. 3. were built. 6. 8. were killed. 50 LESSON 3 Kinds of garbage 18. 51 Reading and speaking 21. What was done to clean the wood. Grammar revision 22. exhaust (fumes). pay (attention). 7. The sentences which show how the area was cleaned. Why are some things thrown out? 5. was burnt. p. Questions to given answers. 9. many people joined water clean-up activities. was taken. They went to lakes. How much garbage is thrown away every year in the U. from bottles to pieces of cars. 52.
dauxmareblad. 4. live.On April 22. 3.b. moswavleebi TviT-Semowmebis tests akeTeben klasSi. When is it held? . Read 12 verbs. a) Sts describe the picture. playing the guitar. eat. the woman-driver does).married. which made the place unsuitable for a picnic. find. so life on earth became impossible. from bottles to pieces of cars. The other picture is on page 125.. c. Sts have to write down 6 out of these 12. check.halfeaten water-melon. They each describe their picture to their partner. 54 27. Then in pairs. watching T. 2. and write sentences with these verbs from memory. In pairs. 26. Key: 1. a.b. We can see that people were on a picnic here and left the remains . amiT TviTon axdenen Tavisi Tavis Sefasebas. b) Sts compare the list of leisure activities with the picture and speak about the difference. Key: How many times a year is Earth Day held in the U. Sts compare the two pictures. or around it. It seems somebody has tidied up the place. 8. know.d. playing tennis or driving a car. rivers and streams and collected trash. knife. They listen and find these differences. c. everything is neat and clean. Key: table tennis. It happened 65 million years ago. any. A. 3. pick up. happen. or joined a group to clean up their neighbourhood. There was a big change in the earth’s climate. In the second picture there the same area – a fawn is grazing in the lawn. Key: 1.b. 29. How did schoolchildreb participate? – They made posters about how to save water. or planted a tree. shopping.V. Some scientist give one explanation that a giant asteroid crashed into the earth. eat. they did not think of the beauty which they were spoiling.turn on. finding the names of different leisure activities.? – Once a year. Questions to the given sentences. 5. amowmeben siswores moswavlis wignis danarTSi mocemuli gasaRebiT. moswavlis Txovnis SemTxvevaSi. 10. Suddenly something happened which made their life on earth impossible and they all died.c. speaking on the phone.S. Key: There is nobody playing thre piano. 57 LESSON 1 Entertainment . How long will the place remain so clean? Maybe till another group of picnickers comes? p. without showing their picture to their partner. People throw a lot of food away with their rubbish and for some animals and birds this is an easy way of finding food. The other one noticed that there were millions of ants. it can strike trees (which. 6. a pocket on the boy’s jumper. on the other hand.c. Key: the dog’s tail. see. swimming.Old and New 1. 7. give. dancing. used in the text about scavengers. tired. What did people do on Earth Day? – They went to lakes. 4. walking. p. the dog’s medal. da gaameorebinos igi. change. Tvlian swori pasuxebis raodenobas da Caweren amistvis gankuTvnil ujraSi. it is very fast.In the first picture the area is littered. when dinosaurs were living happily on the earth. How many people live on the earth today? – Six billion. similar.sugar. rom moaZebninos Secdomebis Sesabamisi masala wignSi. 2. voice. On the one hand. 9. 41 . 53 25. saboloo Sedegs Seajameben da adareben swori pasuxebis raodenobas – 50. use. school or park. UNIT 5 HAVING FUN p. What I know so far. Join two simple sentences to make one complex. evidently.The humour is in two different points of view: the first speaker likes the area for a picnic. plastic bags with remains of food. How many people don’t have clean water close by? – One out of every five. Fast reading. reading a book. You can read these verbs: search. decide. Self-assessment unit. maswavleblis daxmareba mdgomareobs imaSi. There are four differences between these pictures.The humour is in two meanings of the comparison with the lightning.key. d. a bow on a hat Jokes 1. 5. 2.
4 horrible and 4 pleasant things: Horrible spectacle Public execution bear baiting Cockfighting Gladiator fights Pleasant spectacle Circus movie. or watching ___ 4 (TV). quickly look at the board with the list of possible fillers. Key: cutting off somebody’s head – 2 people watching two men fighting till one of them is killed –5 two birds trying to kill each other –4 criminals punished by hanging in front of a lot of people – 2 different trained animals amusing people – 3 animals being attacked – 4 people excited by a horrible spectacle – 2. going out. A. • we might think only of reading a good book. we usually think of activities___ 2 ( like) seeing a _____ 3 (movie). Then get Sts to dictate the fillers to a St at the board. or playing computer ___5 (games). or going ___ 8 (for a walk). 4. reading a book. doing nothing. Key: 1. 59 7. 60 LESSON 2 A British Journalist in Georgia Listening 42 . 6. chatting with friends. In ancient ___ 11(times). People have always liked watching not only pleasant. says: when we think of entertainment… Read these sentences: Nowadays. 6. reading 5. 6. TV.Some enjoy talking.A crowd watched with pleasure how a criminal was put to death. football. Write on board the words from which Sts will have to choose the fillers. 10. some of these kinds of ___ 12 (entertainment) existed too. 8. Oral cloze (Filling in the gaps in sentences). 4. 2. You can knock on the table to emphasise the pause. going. come to the board. or simply hanging out and chatting with friends. Next step can be reconstructing sentences: Sts. = d. 4. or playing a game __ 6( of) football. Key: • many other kinds of entertainment which were far more violent. or simply hanging __ 9 (out) and chatting with ___ 10 (friends). Sts write in their notebooks numbers 1 – 14 (to write in the fillers while listening). when we think______ 1( of) entertainment. 2. or going for a walk.Crowd laughed and cheered. watching. But there were also many other___ 13 (kinds) of entertainment which were far ___14 (more) violent. • These fights took place in huge arenas. 4. 7. in turn. and say the sentence in which it was used. chatting. Or we might think only of reading a __ 7 (book). 5. in front of enormous crowds of people. • The crowd laughed and cheered • The bear was chained to the ground • you can see bears and dogs and tigers doing their tricks in the circus. 58 5. hanging out. Key: 1. ‘of’ – st.Reading 3. • criminals were taken to the main square in the town and there they were hanged.=a. p. 5. p.People enjoyed public executions. look at the filler. 8. 6. going for a walk. 3. 5 p.Then read the following sentences. 8. next to the sentence number. pausing at gaps. hanging out.People like chatting. Complete the sentences. The text is about entertainment. Sentences from the text with given words. 3/ listening to music and dancing. For example:sentence 1.People like simply hanging out = f. and write the word which is missing in the sentence.Sts listen. = c. People shouted with joy. staying. The sentence which best describes the main idea of the text: 2. but also horrible things. Similar sentences. 1. Some people enjoy standing in the yard. Number of the paragraph with given information. computer games. To check – read the whole text. doing nothing.
but my friend and I both think that we would like to have …. girls ... Key: QUESTIONS What do you have to do to win the top prize? How much do you get if you answer the first question correctly? Who can help the participant to find the right answer? ANSWERS answer all the 15 questions 1000 pounds a friend or audience 43 . 6. werilis dawera. piano.playing a sport. I wish I knew know how to write software. trumpet.. da ras ara. ra iyo gansxvaveba. maswavlebeli kiTxulobs werilebs da komentarebs akeTebs.. Key: 1. Debating club – h. Model: we have … clubs at our school. 6. werilis nimuSi – gamotovebuli adgilebiT – mocemulia moswavlis wignSi. keyboard. boys .11.. 61 GGrammar revision 14. Sts listen to the interview with the producer of the show 'Who wants to be a millionaire?’ who is being asked about his show.. 3.. 2. keyboard. 2. 2 –either. 5 – too. 64 LESSON 4 QUIZ SHOW: Who Wants to Be a Millionnaire? Listening 2 21. 7. going to disco. 2. opera. long walks. 6. romelic skolaSi aqvT. guitar. Semdeg. 15. guitar. drums.Key: Teenagers like reading. 62 LESSON 3 School Band 16. I wish I could play a sport.g.. 3. There isn’t. umjobesia. • moswavleebi kiTxuloben wreebis (klubebis) saxelwodebebs. saxophone.. 4. 4 – too. How many instruments are mentioned? – 6 instruments c.. a. Speaking 20. am nimuSis mixedviT daweron werili. There isn’t .7 years b. How many people are in the band? . 5.5.too. 3. 5. is becoming. Key: 1. Do they like. Changing sentences from reported into direct speech: Key: 2. Fill in the gaps. p. uziareben erTmaneTs azrebs. Volleyball club – d. I wish I could practise speaking a foreign language.playing a sport. They write short answers in the table. Teenagers don’t like going to movies. Match the names of the clubs with the activities. What instruments are they?. electric guitar. Key: 1. an isurvebdnen. 2. because… p. I wish I could record programmes. 4. moswavleebma unda gamoiyenon mosmenili masala. We don’t often go. Writing 13. trumpet. 5. . Find these instruments in the picture. playing computer games. 1. We like. maT unda airCion da daweron eqvsi wris saxelwodeba. gamoTqvan azri imis Sesaxeb. dancing. 6 – either. SeiZleba Semoifarglon mxolod winadadebabis dasrulebiT. wyvilebSi. Computer club . Tu ras eTanxmebian. 3. Answering the questions. How long has Dachi studied in a musical school?.. p. 17. saxophone. gv... 3 – too. French club – c. 6. d. rom hqondeT. I wish I were (was) a good speaker. 8. 5.. 4. I wish I knew how to take better pictures. watching other people dancing. rugby. 19. going to the theatre or opera. going on picnics. 4. Four boys and one girl. Photography club – e. 63 18. Environment club – b.drums. Rewrite the sentences to express wish. Radio club – a.. Make 2 lists of activities the British journalist speaks anout. • TiToeuli wyvilidan erTi mouyveba klass. Jazz band – f. ramdenad daemTxva maTi azrebi erTmaneTs.
tried to think of the name. The meanings and the words. Four possible answers are given for each question. 2. 2. 4. The audience vote to decide which is the best answer. 6. 4. Key: dajildoveba samkerde niSani Tavis gatana veluri buneba unar-Cveva laSqroba devizi zneobrivi faseulobebi saimedooba socialuri momsaxureba pirveladi daxmareba TanagrZnoba moqalaqeoba p. 7. Answers to questions. war. 3 – C. you can guess 10 million pounds The last one gambling. The young man was from Alabama. He was playing the banjo. Key: A group of people that move around a place to prevent crime Work without pay that someone does to help their local community People living in one area A short statement expressing an aim of an organization A book with instructions An area where people do not live or grow crops Extra money given as a present for some service Living in a tent. She was eating. Matching titles with paragraphs: 1 – B. p. Three or four things similar in the quiz show and a Georgian quiz show. 44 .the first or the last? What is this show compared with? How many possible answers are given for each question? What kind of show is it? They vote. 3. It was raining. 3. 66 25. He saw Susanna coming down the hill. 1. usually for fun Staying alive despite of injury. 2. Playing in a casino four A quiz show 22. instead of throwing it away. 24. Jokes 1. The last question is the most difficult. Song Speaking 29. You guess which is the right answer. 5. She couldn’t skate well and she kept falling down all the time. She was eating a buckwheat cake. illness The obligations and responsibilities that you have as a citizen To search or examine a place or an area to get information about it patrol community service community motto manual wilderness tip camping survive citizenship scout award badge survive wilderness skill campimg trip motto moral values trustworthiness first aid compassion citizenship 28. The English for the L1 words. Suggested Key: 1. 2 – A.How does the audience decide which is the best answer? How can you get the right answer if you have no idea? What is the top prize? Which question is more difficult . and the person who saw it. There was a tear in her eye.There was an insect crawling down the man’s neck. 65 Scouting 23. A friend or audience can help. 5.
between cities. Six true sentences…. sometimes. People travelled by donkey and cart in villages. people have travelled by car. Dutch. • Trams are more popular in Prague than in London. or underground.read the whole text out loud. ... by motorcycle – in towns and in the country.. 5. Key: 1 – Prague. there is a new night bus service. 10. ‘the’ or none. • The most famous transport are London double-desker buses.. • The most common way to travel in London is the tube. since centuries ago (for centuries). main. can be reached. 70 4. The most common means of travel in Prague is a tram. the most popular means of travel are bikes. suburbs.the best place for this sentence in the text about London. Key: 1. for over 50 years..double-decker buses.. • Taxis are more expensive in London than in Amsterdam. 3 – London. By plane. . People travelled by horse and cart in the country in the 19th century.. kiosk.In pairs. It advertises the quality of the British railway. Comare kinds of transport described in these texts. Details: Prague – tram.. reliable. have been dumping . • The best means of transport to reach the suburbs in Prague are buses. B and C . Suggested sentences: • The cheapest means of travel in Prague are trams. . in the mountains. 68 UNIT 6 Transport Speaking 1. relatively simple. By bicycle. But even if you want to travel at three o’clock in the morning.advertising text. have enjoyed ball games since old times. by mini-bus – now. .since ancient th times. London .p.have travelled by underground for fifty years. are concentrated. • The most efficient and reliable way to get around in Amsterdam is public transport – trams and buses. 4. Key: • Underground is more common in London than in Prague. B – Bus tours. or between villages/village and city.with article ‘a’.. have known that.. C – Travelling by water. 71 Lesson 2 Three texts 9. • Bikes are more common in Amsterdam than in London.has been a favourite entertainment . or between cities.. Key: the English equivalents of the Georgian words: sights. between big cities By taxi – in big cities. 3. Sts correct.. 6. p. • In Amsterdam. is equipped.. To check .. By underground – only in Tbilisi.. b) A . for over 50 years. th By coach – in ancient times. Travelling by bus is very comfortable. visit. distant..30 to just after midnight. efficient. which replaces the tube at night. London Bus Tours If you want to see the best parts of London.. Reading 2. Key: The most common means of travel in Amsterdam is a bicycle. Key: A – Railway for kids. in big cities.. Begin each sentence: In Georgia. Key: Regular tube trains run from 05. b) in Text C . in the east of the country. Key: B. Amsterdam – bicycles. By cable car – now. Sts fill the blanks a) in text B –with prepositions. you can get the best view from the top deck of an open doubledecker bus. 8. and you will cross the river Thames four times.. people have travelled by/on…………for/since…. By bus – for over 50 years..descriptive texts. serve. 7... Titles. valid. Which city.since the 70s of the 20 century. 2. in the 19 century too. Suggested sentences: In Georgia. 3. 2 – Amsterdam.. 5. The bus will take you past all the historic buildings that have made the city famous. p. reasonable price. Make six true sentences about the different means of travel listed under A. The most common way to see the most 45 . . for over 50 years.
20. ensure. Germany – German. There is more space. Nowadays you don’t need to take a boat to get across the Thames because there are plenty of X bridges. unfamiliar irritating. Question words: 1. get bored. 2. Key: The brother and sister prefer train. Trains in Thailand are surprisingly good. Russia – Russian. and X tourists use them to go up and down the river to see the famous sights of London 11. 2. Write the following sentences in active voice. 4. so it is not so crowded and you can breathe more easily and stretch your 21. 6. People need only one ticket for all three kinds of transport. f. p. Key: The advantages of train • More space. Our high-speed trains will get you and your family to your destination before the kids have time to get bored.People use buses to reach the suburbs. 5. change the journey into a fascinating adventure. and they give you a good ride. adventure. • You meet a lot more interesting people on the trains. hard. ensure. b. drives worse. 4. 3. 74 LESSON 3 Transport in Thailand Listening 17. Comfortable seats. 18.You can visit most of the main sites on foot. So it was quicker and easier to hire a boat if you wanted to cross the river. France – French. 73 16. You can return later on your own to the places you want to see more closely. But there are still large numbers of X boats and ferries on the river.ran faster. 14. more comfortably. 2. h. 2. 3. • The ride is smoother • The train is safer – there are fewer accidents and there are no pickpockets. Georgia – georgian. to move around when they like. fascinating. how much. dreaded.Key: a. unfamiliar. America – American. and it is not expensive. what kind of. 5.popular attractions in Londonis to go on a bus tour. p. walked slower. And then you can take as long as you like. 7. what. C. “Are we there yet?” c. Buses are faster. for instance. plenty of space for them g. and in some cases the only. They sell tickets for trams and buses at most kiosks and small stores. 1. way to get around X London. Spain – Spanish. fascinating. • The scenery is better along the rail routes. you have no worries about irritating traffic jams. The advantages of a bus It is not possible to take a train everywhere in Thailand. 19. adventure. Write out the letters marking the information you can find in one of the texts…. 46 . where. 12. The English equivalents for the Georgian words: travel/journey/trip. Key: Two things by which British trains are similar to the trains in Thailand. well. 6. and naturally it was full of traffic. Extra-wide windows d. you won’t have to listen to the dreaded question. Key: 1. destination.Listen and write what transport the brother and sister prefer. London Waterways For over a thousand years travel by X water was the easiest. the most dangerously. enjoyable. Add the subject – the doer of the action. e. • You can breathe more easily and stretch your legs • The windows are big and usually open • There is no glass between you and the scenery – good for taking photos and more to see. 4. what. 13. who. 1. 3. England – English… Key: Italy – Italian. From the time of the Romans until the 18th century there was only X one bridge across the Thames. • Food is available and served at your seat or in the dining car. enjoyable.
3. p. 2. 3. 14. Severe weather conditions. rom erTmaneTis suraTebs ar uyureben. 17 Bus station – 8. 15. Key: 1. Listening 28. Answer the questions. Fill in the gaps with the right form of the verb. Only some of our students can solve this math problem. 9. Each bench seat is designed to seat two or three passengers. Describing the train.moswavleebi jer avseben gamotovebul adgilebs saTanado sityvebiT. A Joke Tapescript 47 . p. Will Herbert Peabody please come to the Information Desk – your party is waiting for you. please report any unattended packages. 26. Drinking water and towels are provided free of charge. Ladies and gentlemen. were sold out. Semdeg usmenen (Canawers /maswavleblis wakiTxuls) da amowmeben/asworeben. 3. All the students of the 9th class read books. On ordinary trains. Key: 1. a fold-down wash basin and mirror. and they are not hard. you can read these descriptions to them and let them describe the pictures again. 4. Compartments are divided from each other by a dividing wall. 7. Get the refund for returned tickets. 13. 10. 7. 4. 7. 76 27. The berths are fairly comfortable. Not known. 9. 76. exercise 27: 3rd-class carriage consists of two rows of bench seats. 6. 22). 7.are carrying. In each compartment. 5. Passengers have to listen to further announcements. Key: 1. 3. 22. Where you would hear these announcements . In departure time. you will find two pairs of sleeping berths.Key: Airport/plane – 8. was just closing. Passengers can return the tickets.5. wyvilebSi. Please evacuate the train quickly. English equivalents for the given Georgian ones. 6. 2. 75 LESSON 4 Listening Public Place Announcements 23. 25. Grammar revision. About two hours. there are compartments for four people. 2. Each private cabin has its own air conditioning. 12. In a 2nd-class sleeping car. wanted. pairs of seats face each other. and the bed sheets and towels are changed before every trip. 5. 24. unda ipovon gansxvavebebi. 6. was packing. Text: First-class carriages provide private cabins for single people. 5. Please remain in your seats (with your seatbelts fastened) until the final stop. had already packed. 16 Underground – 1. In each row. 2. or for couples. an electric fan. with a corridor between them. 4. Seats are quite comfortable if they are padded (on rapid trains). 6. moswavleebi aRweren or suraTs ise. After sts try to describe the pictures. A table folds down between each pair of ling beds. 6. The train carries passengers right into the centre of the city. or beds – lower and upper which face each other. seats are wooden and they become very uncomfortable if your journey takes more than a couple of hours. Text for picture on p. due to heightened security measures. with a stop in Boston. 11. 8. Mind the gap Smoking is not allowed on this train Watch your step while exiting the train. meore 74 gverdzea (sav. Flight 203 bound for New York. or wait and fly later. with more details. was carrying. 4. had put. a small table and a long bench seat (or two in a double cabin) that is converted into a bed at night. Have you bought. Do not leave your luggage unattended. 8. could not see. 5.
Key: From left to right: You can turn right here. pirveli adamiani kosmosSi • • • • • • It was at that time that the world found out that Soviet engineers had designed space rockets and satellites. 7. was writing. third row. 3. did not stop. All the traffic goes one way along this street – 6. You must not drive at more than fifty kilometres an hour – 5.The picture represents the first comonaut Yuri Gagarin. What I know so far.S. amerikelebi ar interesdebodnen kosmosis kvleviT. 8. 2. 2.S. When she went to court. b. The United States now knew that there was a race. moswavlis Txovnis SemTxvevaSi. 48 . They wanted to try and stop her.. Besides. Be careful of children crossing the road . 31. was doing. and she . 3. sabWoTa kavSiris mier amerikis gamowveva SejibrSi 4. p. she did not have a driving licence. For the Soviet Union. wanted.b. 8. but you can’t turn left . You cannot make a turning – 4. pirveli Tanamgzavri kosmosSi. 12. was feeding. The best title for the text: a) And what was the driver doing with her feet? c) is also possible.2. there are also images of flights into space. 5. was drving. 3. was writing something in a small book . first row. sabWoTa mecnierebma gamoigones kosmosuri raketebi. Tvlian swori pasuxebis raodenobas da Caweren amistvis gankuTvnil ujraSi. 29. 7.c.all at the same time! What's more. 10. 11. a. The best title for the text is A challenge. The driver of the car paid no attention to the loud noise of the siren and the car stopped only when it reached the next toll gate. 4. reached.a. a car. 9. Key: 1. because he had told her never to stop when a police car followed her! Key for gaps: 1. You cannot drive along this street . third row. 10. The police followed the car. Then they saw that the woman was doing many things wrong. 3..S. went. 4. moswavleebi TviT-Semowmebis tests akeTeben klasSi. 4.d.The police saw a woman who was driving. It was manned by the first cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin. second row. the car they were chasing did not stop. she told the judge that it was her husband's fault.1. 80 UNIT 7 TRAVEL LESSON 1 1. Fast reading. although they sounded their siren. followed. was telephoning. and the U. did not seem to be interested in space research. …they put a rocket in orbit around the Earth. c. amowmeben siswores moswavlis wignis danarTSi mocemuli gasaRebiT. 2. 6. Key: 1. The two policemen jumped out and ran over to the car. She was feeding her baby. third row. Sentences where you can read about …. 5. The Americans. da gaameorebinos igi.R. sending satellites into space was a race The Race for Space was on. 6. rom moaZebninos Secdomebis Sesabamisi masala wignSi. b. on the other hand. Sejibri kosmosis dapyrobisTvis daiwyo. But. You can park your car here – 3. d 32. Sentences from the text where you can read about these: 1. 9. amiT TviTon axdenen Tavisi Tavis Sefasebas. second row.7. dauxmareblad. 2. saboloo Sedegs Seajameben da adareben swori pasuxebis raodenobas – 50. maswavleblis daxmareba mdgomareobs imaSi. and that the race was between the U. where the driver had to stop and pay. The car went too fast along the highway. Self-assessment unit. did not have. she was telephoning on her mobile phone. Their meanings. 5. b. People on earth have dreamed of travelling to other planets for centuries. Traffic signs. first row.
2…. the end of the 1950s. It was at that time that the world found out that Soviet engineers had designed space rockets and satellites. 3. the Soviet leader announced that the Americans were beaten in the race into space. 4. In 1959, a Soviet satellite went round the Moon. 5. It was manned by the first cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin. p. 81 5. The words for the given meanings. Key: dream, research,launch a rocket, race, satellite, headline story. 6. The English equivalents of the given words. Competition to be the first. dream, research, launch a rocket, satellite, race, headline story, announce. ocneba, kvleva, raketis gaSveba, Tanamgzavri, Sejibri, sensaciuri statia, gamocxadeba. 7. A sentence in the past perfect tense: It was at that time that the world found out that Soviet engineers had designed space rockets and satellites. 8. Use the right form of the verb. Key: 1. came, said, was. 2. didn’t know, had written. 3. was writing. 4. was listening. 5. told. would be glad. 6. found out, was, decided. 7. had seen. 8. did not want. A. Practising to use the past perfect tense. 1.Dictate infinitives of some verbs - you can read these verbs: wash, cook, eat, write, air, bring, open, lock, feed, take care of, polish, learn. Sts write the four forms of the verbs you dictate; 2. Sts take two minutes to write which of these actions people in their family had done, and which they had not done when he/she came home after school yesterday. Example: When I came home my little sister had fed our dog. My big sister had cooked dinner, but she had not switched off the gas cooker. 3. Sts tell their partner. Listen to what their partner tells them and tell another pair of students or class. If they make a mistake, their partner will correct them. 9. Project moswavleebi jgufdebian 3-3, 4-4, da moiZieben kosmosuri frenebis Sesaxeb informacias internetSi an enciklopediaSi, wavlen amisTvis biblioTekaSi. moawyveT moxsenebebis prezentacia klasSi. daasaxeleT saukeTeso. daajildoveT – sigeliT, raime wigniT. LESSON 2 p. 82 John F. Kennedy’s Speech 10. The English equivalents of the given words. Competition. Key: announce, giant, alloy, stress, precision, the finest, equipment, pilot, and control, manned, untried, mission, safely. 11. Sentences where you can read about .... 1. We shall send to the moon a giant rocket 2. The rocket will be built of new metal alloys, some of which have not yet been invented. 3. it will carry all the equipment that is needed for piloting it. 4. Then it will return safely to earth. 5. For communications. It will carry food and everything else necessary for a manned flight. 6. …on a new untried mission, to a place which is unknown to man. 12. Fill in the gaps with suitable words from the box. One is extra. Key: 1.walked out. 2. giant. 3. high. 4. capable. 5. accuracy. 6. equipment. 7. manned. 8. safely. p. 83 13. Sentences in passive voice from the text. Competition. 1. The rocket will be built of new metal alloys, some of which have not yet been invented 2. …which are capable of standing heat and stresses several times higher than has ever been experienced. 3. The rocket will be built with more precision and accuracy than the finest watch. 4. And it will carry all the equipment that is needed for piloting and controlling it 14.The right form of the verb in active or passive voice. Key: 1. were invented. 2. have invented. 3. were built. 4. will be sent. 5. designed. 6. will be made. 7. has experienced. 15. Sentences out of the jumbled words.Key: Key: 1. The rocket will be built with great precision and accuracy. 2. Engineers had worked hard to design satellites to fly in space. 3. A satellite went into orbit round the earth. 4. We shall send a giant rocket to the moon.
16. Questions for the answers. Key: When did the Soviet Union launch a satellite into space? - on 4 October 1957. What did the world find out at the end of the 1950s? - that Soviet engineers had worked hard to design space rockets and satellites. What did the Soviet leader announce? - that the Americans were beaten in the race into space. When did Americans launch their own satellite? - hardly four months later. When did Neil Armstrong, an American citizen, walk out of his space capsule and onto the moon? - on July 20, 1969. 17. Books shut. Read the questions and get the Sts to write the answers. Then they call them out. Questions and answers: 1.What did the Soviet leader announce when they launched the first satellite into space? – That the Americans were beaten in the race into space. 2.How did Americans respond four months later? – They launched their own satellite. 3.When did the Soviet Union put a rocket in orbit around the Earth? – Two years later. 4.Who was the first cosmonaut? – Yuri Gagarin. 5.What did the American President announce in response to this action? - That the United States would send astronauts to the Moon by 1970. 6.Who was the American President at that time? - John F. Kennedy. 7.How did he fulfil his promise? - On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong, an American citizen, walked out of his space capsule and onto the moon. 18. Partial translation. Read the sentences in Georgian. Sts choose the correct English variant for this sentence and mark it. Then they say to the class, in Georgian, why you chose this variant. 1. mTeli am xnis ganmavlobaSi Cven bevrs vmuSaobdiT. 2. bevri Senoba aSenda. 3 .miwisZvris dros bevri Zveli Senoba daSavda. 4. momaval wels im Senobebs daangreven. 5. maT adgilze axali saxlebi aSendeba. 6. axali kanoni gamocxadda. 7. yvela quCa unda gasufTavdes. 8. es quCebi miwusZvris Semdeg ar dasufTavebula. 9. ra eRireba maTi dasufTaveba? 10.SeiZleba gamoviyeno Tqveni kompiuteri? Key: 1. b. 2. a. 3. a. 4. b. 5. a. 6. a. 7.b. 8. b. 9.a. 10. a. 19. Writing. Sts write 6-8 sentences about one of the given topics. 1. Then they swap their papers, correct each-other’s sentences, show them to you. 2. Sts speak with their neighbour about what mistakes they found, and what mistakes the teacher found in both copies. Example: I have ___ spelling and ___ grammar mistakes. (read the sentence) In one sentence the order of words was wrong. In one sentence the word was wrong. p. 84 LESSON 3 The Silk Road 20. The best titles for each paragraph: Key: 1 – b, 2 – c, 3 – a. 21. Key: 1.The Chinese did not want to let anybody know about how silk was made.2 2.The Chinese did not have many things that other countries had. 3 3.By Silk Road people spread knowledge. 3 4.Silk Road passed through Georgia. 1 5.The road that passed through Georgia wasn’t used after the seventeenth century.1 6.Silk is made of silk worms.2 7.Without Silk Road, people of different continents would not know about the things each of them produced. 3 8.Why the road is called Silk Road. 2 9.A queen discovered how to make silk. 2 p. 85 22. The English equivalents of the Georgian words: dakavSireba, gadioda, aRmoCena, Wiis parki, Wia, gadatana, imperia, samagierod, Semotana, mina
Key: join/link, pass through, discover, cocoon, silk worm, transport, empire, in exchange for, import, glass. 23. True or false. Key: 3, 6. 24. What is missing? moswavleebi damoukideblad asworeben teqsts, Semdeg waukiTxeT sruli varianti, a) TiToeulma TviTon gaasworos. b) gacvalon rveulebi, erTmaneTis gaasworon. Key: Silk is very beautiful material. It was first made in China about five thousand years ago. It is made from the cocoons of worms. The Chinese kept the secret of how to make silk for three thousand years. But finally, people living in the Roman Empire found out about it. They wanted to have clothes made of silk, too. But China was far from Europe, and there was no road connecting these two continents. So the so-called Silk Road was built. In this way silk wastransported by camels from China to Europe. A. Reconstructing sentences. Read 12 verbs from the text about flying to space. Sts write 6 verbs used in the text. Then they call out the sentences in which these verbs were used from memory. Verbs: dream, laugh, launch, swim, design, live, win, bury, send, remember, build, live. B. In pairs. Sts choose seven words from the text and dictate to each other. They correct each other’s dictations. Sts show each other how many mistakes there were. 25. Filling in the gaps with articles.The key – the text John F. Kennedy’s speech. 26. Questions to the given answers. Key: 1.When was the Silk Road begin to be built?. 2.How many roads were there? 3.Which was the shortest? 4.Which countries did the Silk Road connect?. 5.How big was the Roman Empire at that time? 6.Why did the Silk Road stop to be used at the end of the 17th century p. 86 LESSON 4 The Door between Two Cultures 27. Sts listen and mark the boxes with information from the text. Information about: paper money the compass printing paper-making the use of coal baths with running water kites that carried men in the air Arab figures How to add, + sign How to extract, - sign how to divide How to multiply Budhism Glass Horses Europe from China + + + + + + + + + + + + + + Europe from Arabs China from India China from Europe
28. Suggested sentences from the table: • Europenas learnt from Chinese about compass. ---about printing. …about paper –making. • Europeans learnt from Arabs the arithmetical signs +. - , x and : . • Chinese learnt from India about Budhism. • Chinese learnt from Europeans about glass and horses.
the tomb of the Unknown Soldier – in Westminster Abbey. it will reach the moon. view. p. after I do my lessons. red flowers around a black marble rectangle . Key: You can see: 1. locva. On Saturday. Sentences where you can read about …. 4. 3. fury.People praying . bronze lions –Trafalgar Square.Trafalgar Square. service.p. 3. 91 8. wirva. crown. because. 3 – twin. dakrZalva. so.Westminster Abbey. Join the two sentences to make one. fountains . On the twenty-third of May. 6 . On July the twentieth. 5. ucnobi jariskacis saflavi. 6 – commemorate. Use the words because.in Westminster Abbey. 4 – The tomb of the Unknown Soldier.Trafalgar Square.(Trafalgar Square). 5. 52 ... tower. In ten twenty-four. when. 5. feeding pigeons in the city centre – Trafalgar Square. Read them out loud.(Piccadilly Circus) the square was brightly lit by huge animated neon advertisements. 2. 4.Heathrow airport . 2. nineteen fifty-seven. In pairs. Key: B: What are you doing (do) on Monday? G: I’ m going to a concert on Monday. 7 – unique. the National Picture Gallery . 7. Nelson’s Column. 89 2. stingy – others have a positive meaning. Say why it is odd. 4. prey. pause. visitors are invited to pause for one minute to pray. coming – others are forms of ‘go’. at Heathrow airport. On Sunday. Fill the gaps in the conversation. On Monday.Brightly lit advertisements which look as if they are moving. On the first of May. 5 .Every hour.Sitting and singing on the steps in the middle of a square – (Piccadilly Circus) Many of the young people were singing..Admiral Nelson – (Trafalgar Square) . ‘second’=1/60th of a minute. On the nineteenth of January. Key: Sentence 10 is false. Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. 4 – animated. so. tasteless – others have a positive meaning. 4. I ‘m training in basketball on Tuesday. Find the words for these meanings. If a space is built with accuracy. 2. Key: 1. 7.Piccadilly Circus. crowd.So she started writing a diary – to remember things better. 5. 2. xedi.Piccadilly Circus. when. 88 UNIT 8 SIGHTSEEING LESSON 1 A Georgian Girl in London p. p. 7. Key: Places in the pictures: 3 . True/False. koSki. 3. In two thousand three. SeCereba. if. Key: 2 – tower. gvirgvinis dadgma. Key: 1. first – others refer to time. 30. Text 1. 6. young people performing in the middle of the Square . 5.(National Picture Gallery).a column which is 50 metres high . 5.Paintings of all times. On the eleventh of April.Trafalgar Square. . The entrance in the National Picture Gallery is free. 8. at 3 o’clock in the morning..Keeping a diary . p. I 6. the equivalents of the L1 words. Odd one out. didebuli. 90 3. 31. Key: 1. old and new . 4. 87 29. Key: On the fourth of October. xsovna magnificent. brightest – others are comparatives.I arrived in London. so. 3. some were playing guitars. B: What are you doing (do) on Tuesday? G. memory 6.
G: Right. B. 8. 4. Place from where the country is ruled The Houses of Parliament 3. Picture 5. The seat of the British government is the Houses of Parliament. Key: Pictures 1. 7. The Houses of Parliament – Text 1. – In front of the Buckingham Palace. Key: 1.Yeomen-Warders. Where the Queen’s lives when she is in London – Buckingham Palace. 4. p. Key: 1. Where you can see the Crown Jewels today – Tower of London.In the Houses of Parliament. LESSON 2 p 92 London 9. 10. eqskursiaTmZRoli raven yorani gloomy moRuSuli. See you. The Tower of London 3.. Match the pictures and the texts. Parks – Text 4.. Key: 53 . 2. B: Great! Who are you going (go) with? G: My brother and grandmother. Rewrite these sentences in reported speech. So. Tower Bridge – Text 2. The English and the Georgian words. 6. We are staying (stay) there till Monday morning.. 5. see you on Wednesday. 3. Where you can feel as if you were in the country – in the parks.B. Place of worship – Westminster Abbey 2. 5. B: What are you doing on Friday? G: We are going to the Museum of History of Georgia. the Tower of London. When the oldest building in London was built – In the 11th century. p 94 13. Pictures 2. So we can play table tennis on Wednesday. iaraRis sawyobi weapon iaraRi medieval Sua saukuneebis guide gidi.In front of the Buckingham Palace. 7.16 October. Where you can walk on the grass – in the parks. – The Mall. Picture 6. 3. Quiz questions. 4. 9. B: What are you doing on Thursday? G: I’m meeting my friends at 7 in the evening.Write the names of these places. What are you doing (do) on Wednesday? G: I’m doing nothing after I do my lessons on Wednesday. B: A busy week. queens and princes were at some time prisoners – Tower of London.In the Tower of London. That many kings. The main square-Trafalgar Square 4. 93 11. – In the Mall. 6. naRvliani 15. Buckingham Palace – Text 3. Museum – The Tower of London 12. Key: 1. 8.Admission is free. 1834.. The old building of the Parliament was burned .. – In the Tower of London. We are going to the country for the weekend. 2. What are you doing this weekend? G. Find a paragraph in which you can read about one of these. Key: TariRdeba dates from… was destroyed daingra royal palace mefis sasaxle treasury saganZuri arsenal arsenali.
workshop. have existed. has had. 7. In the Old Town. The priest invites… 4.left. How did Tamuna find Maria? 2. What are they attracted by? 6. a. In th Freedom Square. carved. By what are people attracted to Piccadilly Circus? 24. 26. Some mysterious force attracts… 5. 2. Fill in the blanks with prepositions. after. preyers. 100 27.at. at. In the Old Town. 8. 3. mosque. Mary. to. 18. 95 LESSON 3 An Englishman in Tbilisi 16. with. • It was renamed and took the name “Freedom Square. 99 LESSON 4 More of Tbilisi 25. has been. the Square was renamed and took the name “Freedom Square. out. d.left 2 Art museum – left 4 The Old Town – right 2 The Opera House – middle The Rustaveli Theatre . 5. 6. 9. saints. 6. disciples. 7. • it was called Lenin’s Square. 14. p. Examples from the text: • The square has been renamed several times.1. of. In pairs. 9. Key: 1. 5. Jesus Christ. 97 19. …was the wide avenue… 5. theological seminary. charm. has been. 10. 2. Fill in the blanks with the right form of the verb in brackets (Present perfect or past simple). Quiz questions. They crowned… 2. . They buried… 3. precious. by. 7. Grammar. KKey: Cathedral. belltower. wander. In Caravanserai. St. to. What is the most famous monument in the Westminster Abbey? 3. 4. b. Text 2 . 8. 3. 3. b. 4. 2. …was her official… 3. In the Art nuseum.What will happen if you stand in Trafalgar Square with a packet of pigeon food? 4. c. icon. with. Passive voice 20. Crucifix. has often been. Key: e – is false. have attracted. Key: 1. …was known … p. orthodox. …you would see… 4. Key: Freedom Square. in. In pairs. massage. 96 17.the English equivalents of the given Georgian words. with. Hundreds of pigeons will surround you…7. …it was there that the crowds gathered… 6…. 22. 3 p. In the Art museum. …where was… 8. In the baths. 2. The questions for the given answers. …it was in the Tower…10 . The questions (use passive voice) to given answers. 9. 10 To a church. d. 6. Key: 1. 8. d. When Georgia became independent in 1991. Freedom Square has had different names. about. 11. a. chapel. 5. was. 98 23. 5. 8. were crowned. Fast reading.Picture left 1 The Sioni – right upper The Holy Trinity Cathedral . b. b. In the 5 century. Key: 54 . 4. has been renamed. 12. In the caravanserai. by. for.p 96 Caravanserai. dome. Find these places in the photos. In Sioni and Sameba Cathedrals. 4. In the Old Town. 21. Change these sentences from passive into active. 7. By whom is Trafalgar Square visited? 5. special. Key: 1. p.” • The Mariott Hotel was built on the site of old buildings • …which were destroyed. True/false. Millions of Londoners visit the …gallery… 6. 15. came…7. Key: basement. …That the Queen had… 2. …which was … 9. columns. Key: 1. The English equivalents of the given L1 words. Ther have renamed… p.” p. Key: 1. at. treasury.Read silently.In pairs. 13. sulphur. 3. In the Old Town.
the old town with places of worship of different religions – the mosque and the sinagogue. an isev wignSi – erTi kiTxulobs. moswavlis Txovnis SemTxvevaSi. p. Key: 1. 5 – f . procedura: • moswavleebi avseben cxrils TavianTi Sexedulebis mixedviT. 103 UNIT 9 HEALTHY LIVING LESSON 1 Text without a title (When Things Go Wrong) Speaking 1. fountains. maswavleblis daxmareba mdgomareobs imaSi. Self-assessment. that it is better to prevent falling ill. main squares. rom moaZebninos Secdomebis Sesabamisi masala wignSi.gripi. faint. Each student may find different pairs. where young people can gather and sing. the Tower. 10 – c – gasivebuli.Key: • In summer.gulisreva. 3 columns… Key: 1. swelling. Heat stroke… 4. weakness. Things you can find in Tbilisi only: The statue of the Mother of Georgia.1. 7. 4 – d .Tavbrusxveva. 2 – e . Tell them to give examples. p. Complete these questions. 3. Best title for the text. Things you can find both in London and Tbilisi: Places of worship. All are correct. amiT TviTon axdenen Tavisi Tavis Sefasebas. joint. isn’t it? 6. the statue of Queen Victoria. Tvlian swori pasuxebis raodenobas da Caweren amistvis gankuTvnil ujraSi. 2. In which sport can these injuries happen? …Key: Actually.gulis wasvla. haven’t they? 29. Where is the Opera House and the Rustaveli theatre? 2. next to the Georgian orthodox church. amowmeben siswores moswavlis wignis danarTSi mocemuli gasaRebiT. bruise. the Caravanserai. Tag questions. moswavleebi TviT-Semowmebis tests akeTeben klasSi. What can you see in the Art museum? 5. can you? 2. Key. Where are the baths? Beautiful balconies? Mosque? Sinagogue? 4. the Piccadilly Circus. vomiting. 105 6. isn’t it? 3. rig-rigobiT. sakuTari azris gamoxatva. • klasi iTvlis. • yvela wers am mimoxilvis daskvnas. Key: 3 – When things go wrong. hanging out on the beach or a swimming pool is a favourite passtime for all teenagers. aren’t they? 4. picture galleries clocks on the houses from where the countries are ruled. da mas seaqvs monacemebi (xazs Camousvams). ramden moswavles aqvs erTnairi azri. saboloo Sedegs Seajameben da adareben swori pasuxebis raodenobas – 50. 6 – k – pirRebineba.naRrZobi. danarCenebi amboben. an did furcelze. 2. feel dizzy. The English equivalents of the Georgian words: injury – injure. rogor Seavses. any of these injuries can happen in any sport. 3. the sentences corresponding to this picture. da gaameorebinos igi. 55 . dauxmareblad. flu. according to their individual experience. the Baths with sulphur water.tvinis Seryeva. sunburn. 9 – a . Key: 1 – b .siTburi dartyma. Why are Georgian operas well-known? 3. 8 – h . • erT saerTi cxrilSi – dafaze. Etc. Things you can find in London only: Queen’s Palace. ankle. • Sunburn…. 7 – g . sickness. the Change of Guards ceremony. 11 – l – dalurjebuli. sprain. Mmag. 3 – I .ofli. heat stroke. • amorCeviT waakiTxeT klasSi. Where can you see the most precious icons? Where can you have a hot bath and a massage? 28. doesn’t it? 5.: 24 students in our class think.
t. Did you sprain your ankle or did you break your arm? 5. 3. 5. 2. p. injury – it is a general word for any of these.Drinking water or some drink. When are ankle sprains or wrist sprains common? 3. How to avoid injuries. 4. Questions: 1. Odd one out. Read the questions and get the Sts to write the answers. How long did it take? 24. Cooling down exercises. Tamuna – sprained wrist.She drank lots of drinks. The weather is hot. What was the matter with Tamuna? 9. Did he get this injury in horce racing or in boxing? 4. she wore layers of clothes. Maya . k. How and when did it happen? 8. Books shut. Questions to given answers. 5. e. it might help reduce the swelling. You are playing any sport. 2. l. Is she playing tennis on Sunday? 5. Simple sentences from 1 complex. Why couldn’t she walk? 7. heat stroke. What injury can they get as they play on the beach? 56 . 16. 4 – have to. It was chilly. 3 – should. she took it easy. 5. f. Heat injuries are always dangerous. What did she do? 10. 17. Drinking water. A sprain– using the proper protective gear. Key: 1 – must. 2 – might. How to avoid heat stroke and sunburn. Tamuna . she washed her hands frequently. You might get sunburn. to make it easy to add or subtract clothes as needed.p. Modal verbs expressing probability. Warmup exercises. 5.she took a rest. Does he have a concussion or a cold? 3. n. 4. You took off a jacket or sweater. Key. wearing light-coloured clothing. d. Do you feel dizzy or weak? 2. Wash your hands after you cough or sneeze. What is she doing next week? 3. 4.summer (it is a season. to relieve her cough. 6. Common cold – airing the room and washing your hands after you cough or sneeze. burning. queen – others show nationality. What was the matter with Sophiko? 6. h. You went outside. A common cold or other infections – Don’t stay with friends or others with colds. others are weather conditions). g. p. Sophiko – sprained ankle.Key: 1. yawning – it is not an injury. 6. Key: 1. 1. j.3. Say why it is odd. w. q. and wide-brimmed hats and using water sprays on the body to keep cool. or take a medicine? 12. cuts. A heat stroke . How to avoid common cold. Making player substitutions more frequently. How to avoid sport injuries. p. 20. 2. p. 4. 2. Cuts. A sunburn . Key: Maya – flu. concussion. s. You are playing sports like soccer. c. When do you get a sprain? 2. Sophiko . 3. Time flies. m.She put elastic bandage on her wrist. 5 – should.Wearing a hat and sitting in the shade. dizziness. You have a cold.i.Key: 1. Your hair was wet. o. she used crutches. Then they call them out. she stayed off of it completely. 2. How to prevent these injuries: Key: 1. she didn’t move her foot. 109 LESSON 3 Listening What was Wrong with Them? 19. 6 – must. b.u. What is she doing on Saturday evening? 4. 107 LESSON 2 How to Avoid Injuries 14. 21. scratches and bruises on the knees – knee pads. taste (others are kinds of injury). such as stretching and light jogging. r. The injuries that can be prevented: A sprain. Broken teeth – mouth guard. What is she doing tomorrow? 2. 3. Grammar. 106 11. Alternative questions. You play on the beach. Key: 1. She took cold and cough medicines. What is a favourite passtime for all teenagers in summer? 4. 3. 18. Key: to relieve her cold. a. p. Must you see the doctor. to give it rest. obligation and necessity. 7. 108 15. 110 23. or tennis outdoors. cold. v.
dream. The English equivalents for the Georgian words. in Georgian. overflowed. worried. Key: strange. 7. Key: 3 – Almost everybody criticises himself. 115 LESSON 2 Poltergeist 8. Then they say to the class. a. mniSvneloba. succeed. 7 – a. wadi pliaJze. j. constant. What can heat stroke cause? 7. plug. Tu mzeSi didxans dawvebi. m. The text says – Some teenagers. priest. What can sunburn cause? 6. c. Key: 1. value. p. Sts look at the pictures and read the list of phobias There are more names than pictures. wavalT sacuraod. …can’t you? 4. h. Tavisi Tavis pativiscema. suli. 3 – b. 111 28. LESSON 4 Self-Esteem p. 7. Tvisebebi.i. fit into. 5. without looking at the books. The St who finishes first is the winner. Sts practise writing sentences using vocabulary connected with ‘fear’. …do you? 5. Partial translation.6. warmatebis miRweva. dafaseba. 10 – b. character. mzis dartymas miiReb. 2. 6 – b. How exactly do you catch any infection? 8. dadanaSauleba. 4 – b. …won’t you? 6. 5 – a. 9.5. k. p. Tu ar iwvimebs.. Pictures. unusual. Key: Something made them unhappy in the past and many years later they still feel unhappy. es infeqcia Zalian male gavrceldeba. Mum’s purse was found in the washing machine. Ask several Sts to call out the sentences in which these words were used. exorcism. maias mklavi hqonda naRrZobi. 4. marcxi. xasiaTi. imedgacrueba. 2. English equivalents of the Georgian words. gansakuTrebiT. qualities. 57 . 3. spirit. why they chose this variant. …is there? 2. mudmivi. poltergeist. 8 – a. Sts read the text again looking for the English equivalents of the L1 words. True or false. Sts match things which some people are afraid of with the names of phobias (letters with numbers). 29.. Some key words will help them. played jokes on her.is false. find fault. 113 UNIT 10 FEAR. importance. 2. How did the people in the flat know there was a poltergeist? Sts have to find and write down six things Poltergeist did. f . Sts read the text and underline one sentence telling about a possible reason of having phobias. bags and cups went missing. e. ghost. scream. What does a common cold cause? 25. 2 – b. Key: 1. Sts write down the numbers of the phobias which they can see in the pictures. flooded. failure. tap. Key:1 – a. Key: 1. d. Read the sentences in Georgian. Sefaseba. But they don’t know why. g. rogorc ki mze amova. Sts choose the correct English variant for this sentence and mark it. self -esteem. 9 – a. rac CogburTs TamaSob? vin TamaSobda am moedanze guSin 5-dan 7 saaTamde? ris gakeTebas apireb xval? mzis dartymas SeiZleba averidoT. Choose several Sts to read out their sentences to the class. misadageba. rodis iTamaSe fexburTi? ramdeni xania. . 6. disappointment. b. went missing. 4. 114 3. Ask several Sts to tell the class what they have written. l. …do you? …is it? p. …do you? 3. Tag questions. appreciate. especially.. FIGHTING AND LAUGHTER LESSON 1 What is a Phobia? 1.
10. 8…. 7. Taps were turned on. 1.3. They give their slips to you. aren’t I. Lali called the priest. got ready. 19. wordt. Key: slowly – slow. had taken. had you. p. looked. Read out some of them to the class.for about a year. which (It) came from the garden. 29. Plugs were put in. 10. 5. 14. Don’t take shortcuts. washed. put on. 13. should you. 4. had thrown. 2. Se. 121 26. 6. Key: 1. who (he) came to perform an exorcism 5. happily – happy. was scared. manqana. 58 . …are most likely to be victims of crimes such as attack and robbery. protect yourself. 9. Key: 1. nicely – nice 27. long. 9. 6. Sts practise grammar writing complex sentences and using past simple or past perfect passive or active. 2…. There are no dogs in this yard. didn’t it. Write sentences showing how the same thing was done in a better or worse way. How many years ago did it happen? – 30. moswavleebi kiTxuloben ambavs. didn’t like. 16. 7. Where did the family live? – In a flat in Leeds. 5. aren’t I…. bamperi (manqanis). victim. Sts have to write the words from which the given words are formed.the sound of heavy footsteps. civilizacia. 4…. Completion of a course doesn't guarantee your safety. What was turned on? – The taps 6. LESSON 4 What Makes People Laugh p. 19 called. 7. 4. when my grandfather was twenty-one years old. 118 LESSON 3 Learn Self-defence 15. 116 11.in the washing machine! 4. 8. Who understood that it was a poltergeist? – Grandmother. longer. 17. romelic logikurad areuli winadadebebisgan aris Sedgenili. The right form of the verb in brackets (active or passive). 3. biznesi (saqme). 8. 5. worse. rekomendacia. 8. 2. astronavti (kosmonavti). Who did grandmother call? – The priest. 13. carefully – careful. crime. 3. wasn’t she. 12. …aren’t we. 18. 120 Reading and Listening 23. better. Key: 1…. 4. 11. Knives and forks flew in the air. studenti (moswavle). Sts write one sentence about the most interesting part of the text. did she see. quicker (more quickly). Key: threaten. da alageben mas logikuri TanamimdevrobiT. easily – easy. p. 3…. earlier. Write the Georgian equivalents. 10. It happened long ago. didn’t she. best. 16. 2. returned. is likely. 6. How long did this continue? . avtomobili. kick. kondicioneri. 5. natural weapon. 9. 6.deg ismenen magnitur firze Canawers/maswavleblis wakiTxuls (See tapescript) da amowmeben/asworeben. 4. British English or American English? Sts identify the meaning and the pronunciation of the similar English and Georgian words (the so called ‘international words’). My mother doesn’t use a lift. 3. …will she. 5…. 2. because she is afraid of closed places. 2. koleqcia. you've been in a situation where you felt threatened. 6. 10. (I know) a very important thing about heat strokes is that you don’t have to hang out on the beach for hours. The English equivalents for the Georgian words. agreed. Key: 1. so you can go in without fear. wasn’t he. more comfortably. 12. awfully – awful. cleaned. had put. Tag questions. 1. terribly – terrible. What did the priest perform? – Exorcism. worse. Doors opened and shut with a loud noise. quickly – quick. On a slip of paper. invited. Where was mother’s purse found? . 17. 5. A few tips on fighting effectively. 15. How many people lived in the flat? – Three. Key: eqsperti. was. basketball tryout. p. most comfortably. 4. What woke mother up? . were made. were put. 7…. 28. Sentences with the same meaning. dekoracia. Suddenly I was woken up by a strange sound. were taken. 3. dressed. 3. Sts give short answers to the questions and check with their partners.
– behavior Am. Collect the stories. Mum. Unit 2 1 1 Gio Mother Gio Mother 2 Nana Mother Nana Mother 3 Maya Mother Maya 4 Dato Mum.E. In the classrooms there are no chairs or desks and the children have to sit on the floor. but now her parents think that she must stay at home. It takes him an hour to walk to his school in the mountains. Many of the roads and buildings were destroyed during the war. APPENDIX I TAPESCRIPTS Unit 1 Abdullah and Alia Abdullah is an eight-year-old boy. But Abdullah thinks that school is a wonderful place. many parents say that ten-year-old girls should not walk outside in the street. Daisy. and Alia thinks that this is what she wants to do. wait till he comes back then. I haven’t got any.E. Sts listen to the song and fill in the gaps. – metre Br. There will be no (marriage). and it’s all about wars in space. Daisy.Key: organise Br. neighbour Br. and he loves it.E.E. I’m half crazy all for the (love) of you.E. do. A Bicycle Built for Two Patrick. Every day he gets up at dawn. 30. Her dream is to become an engineer when she grows up. – neighbor Am. I won’t be kissed I (can’t) afford a carriage. meter Am. The school does not have electricity and the toilet is outside. On a bicycle built for (two)! But you’ll look so sweet upon the seat 30. For checking they dictate the fillers to a St at the board. When he gets older. 59 .E. You’re always asking me for money. give (me) your answer.E.E. She can continue to study. travelled Br.E. They are taught at home by one of Alia’s aunts.E. He isn’t here. So Alia and her cousin can learn the same things as the boys who go to school. It’s a new film. But Alia is lucky. Can you give me some money? OK. he says that he wants to become a teacher. at the same time as the sun. – jewellery Br. but there is no air-conditioning for the summer and no heating for the winter.E. He’s gone out.Sts write a story of the song. In the summer the temperature can reach 50 degrees. But everyone’s going. In Afghanistan. Alia is ten and she is too old to go to school! She went to school for a year or two when she was very young. Well I'm sorry. Why not ask Dad. I’ll give you the money. His parents can’t afford to buy him shoes and he walks barefoot to school. The school is built of mud and it is dark inside because the windows are very small. Now they need to be built again. In that case I’ll never get a new scarf! Can you give me some money Mum? I want to buy a book – an encyclopedia. – traveled Am. jewelry Am.E. behaviour Br. It won’t be a stylish marriage. If you can’t afford a carriage. Then they listen again and join in singing. can you give me some money? I want to go and buy some lemonade. Very few of them have books and so they have to learn all their lessons by heart. For I insist. It’s a waste of time going to the movies every other day! I want to buy a new scarf Mum. here’s your answer true! I (know) that trick and it will never do. with one of her cousins who is also 10. Well. correct Of a (bicycle) built for two! the mistakes and read some of them to the class. have you got any money? We want to go to the movies. – organize Am. but only when you get a five in math. while in winter it is freezing. Patrick.
usually to my mum. I introduced him to my darling. but many shop-keepers in Seattle did! Unit 3 1. That friend stole my sweetheart from me. and ask them to help me settle the problem. it was just a small town. and the Tennessee waltz. Here’s the 23 laris. When I’m angry. 60 . When I’m angry. And they all came to Seattle to buy these things because it was the nearest town. 2 Seattle Nowadays Seattle is a vast modern city. When I’m angry.Mother Dato Mother An encyclopedia? How much does that cost? Only 23 laris. 'I'm better than she is. When I’m angry. Only you _________ (know) how much I have lost. about 200 million tons of garbage is thrown away every year. I go and speak to one of my parents.’ 3. I think to myself. The night they were _________(playing) That beautiful Tennessee waltz. To the Tennessee waltz. Yes. So. In less than a year. and I'll show her that I am!' Tennessee Waltz I was waltzing. merchants in Seattle sold about 25 million dollars’ worth of supplies to the gold miners and their families.try not to see her in the future 'It's sometimes best to walk away. the town of Seattle was in the middle of a depression. I say. When I lost my ____________ (little) darling. The reason was that thousands of people came to find gold on the Klondike River and these people needed food and equipment to live and to work. I usually say 'I need help. When I’m angry. one American throws away nearly one ton of rubbish every year! What does this garbage consist of? Listen and find out. I fight and argue. Unit 4 Kinds of garbage In the US. When I’m angry. It’s worth it if you are going to learn something. Very few gold miners became rich. ‘Do what you like. When an old ___________ (friend) I happened to see. or a teacher. I try to calm myself saying 'She really didn't mean that. But a hundred years ago. I think to myself. with _________ (my) darling. How did this change happen? When gold was discovered near the Klondike River in Canada. I do nothing because I know that the problem will not last long. where Microsoft for example have their main office. 1. that I am not angry at all.' 2. I pretend that there is no problem.' I think. And while they were _______________(dancing). Then suddenly everything changed and Seattle became a busy and prosperous town. 'I don't care if I'm not invited' 5. on average. And it’s a big book! OK. l give in .' 6. Few people had jobs and people were hungry. 4. I remember the ___________(night). I usually run away .accept what they say or what they want.
you can telephone a friend and ask him to help you. But what happens if you can't answer even the first question? Surely you don't win anything at all. newspapers. which makes 2 percent of the total amount. None of these. But I suppose the questions get harder and harder. But even then you know you have a good chance of getting the right answer? What do you mean? Well. are other materials. Unit 5 1. They have read almost every book in their school library. like cloth. Rebecca’s visit to Georgia I am a journalist from Manchester. Rugby is very popular among teenagers. Everybody likes gambling. and the presenter's job is to ask the guests questions. There's a presenter and there are guests. Boys like playing a sport – football mostly. Like gambling. you win. and if you continue answering all the questions. What did I find out here? Georgian teenagers read a lot. There certainly are! And the prizes are not TVs. Of course. All kinds of metals constitute 8 percent of the whole. 2. boxes. There wasn’t much time left for long walks either. And what kind of show is it . A kind of light-hearted test of general knowledge. If you're lucky. broken glass. 17 million tons. They often go to the theatre. A lot of money! The top prize is 10 million pounds. and the like. A tiger? B An elephant? C A pig? Or D a dog? Nobody can get the wrong answer to this kind of question. They don’t really like going to movies. Leaves and twigs from the garden are also part of the whole amount of garbage. I found out they didn’t often go on picnics. or encyclopedias. They are money. going to disco. or opera. So even if you have no idea of the answer. B C or D. The more correct answers you give. It's a quizz show. the more you win. and that's why millions of people watch the show every night! But there are other ways of finding the answers too. and you know that you have one chance in four of being right! So it's like playing in a casino. There is 6 percent of wood in all this garbage. rubber and so on. you will get a thousand pounds. you'll get the 10 million pound top prize. It's a popular TV show that's been running in the UK for many years now.drama? Comedy? News? Sports? No. so everybody wins something. which is 7 percent of the whole amount of garbage thrown away by Americans in a year. or you can ask the people in the audience to vote Interviewer Producer Interviewer Producer Interviewer Producer Interviewer Producer Interviewer Producer 61 . And thrown away food makes 13 million tons. which is about 15 million dollars. it's almost impossible not to find the correct answers. If you are not sure about the answer. So what do you have to do to win the top prize? Just give the right answers to all the 15 questions! If you answer the first question correctly. There are 13 million tons of glass – beer bottles and whiskey bottles. I see. We ask things like: Which animal is the most common pet in English homes? A. the weight of which is 12 million tons. weighing 35 million tons. there is the same amount of plastic both in percentage and in weight – 8 percent of plastic. rather than watching TV. but every guest who takes part in the show gets a prize of at least one thousand pounds. and they make 18 percent of it. They don’t enjoy dancing. In fact it started in the UK in the late nineties. Of course not many people have won the top prize. The remaining 8 percent – that is. and they played them whenever they had some spare time. you can still guess A. Right. do you? The first two or three questions are so easy. which weighs 16 million tons. But they like watching other people dancing. 'Who wants to be a millionaire?’ Interviewer Producer Interviewer Producer Interviewer Producer This a TV show isn't it? When was the first show? That's right. Most of them liked playing computer games very much. It appears. I’ve spoken to about 50 teenagers. My magazine in England is going to write about teenagers’ leisure activities both in England and countries outside England. they prefer going to the theatre. Right. weighing 16 million tons. there are always 4 possible answers. paper bags and the like. or CD players. Girls don’t like playing a sport.In all this amount paper constitutes 38 parcent of total. And with a name like 'Who wants to be a millionaire?' I suppose there are prizes. I’ve been asking questions. I am spending a week in Georgia. I haven’t spoken to anybody who likes playing basketball. which makes 73 million tons of paper which is thrown away: It is old books and notebooks.
This is a Northbound train. This is another reason why rail travel is better. For I come from Alabama With my banjo on my knee. and they give you a good ride. You almost never hear about a train crash. Train windows are high and wide. And you can choose whether to have it in the dining car. so it is not so crowded and you can breathe more easily and stretch your legs. Your body is not so tired at the end of a train journey as it is when you travel by road. I come from Alabama With my banjo on my knee. 17. proceed to the exit. please report any unattended packages. 23. (Chorus): Oh! Susanna. you'd better take the train. 21. Susanna It rained all night The day I left. You can't do this. The roads in Thailand are not the best roads in the world! There are lots of holes and bumps. welcome to Amarillo. and you can see more. for instance. Susanna. 20. And one more thing: the people you meet on trains are usually far more interesting than those you meet on buses. This is what Rezo and Natia told their friends when they came back: There are many advantages to travelling by train. and so train journeys take longer. I’m goin’ to Louisiana Susanna for to see. The sun so hot. the farms. So there is no glass between you and the scenery. Will Herbert Peabody please come to the Information Desk – your party is waiting for you. even in the most comfortable buses.. don’t you cry! (Chorus) Unit 6 1 Transport in Thailand Rezo and Natia are twins. . A train ride is much smoother than a bus ride! And if you're worried about accidents. They don't travel so fast as buses. 14. 18. Please evacuate the train quickly. Do not leave your luggage unattended. Susanna. 22. When they were in Thailand. due to heightened security measures. You can't get help for every question! 3 Song Oh. Attention passengers. and that’s why they travelled by bus too. Unit 6 10." Will passenger Alex Betz report to the United Airlines ticket counter? Ladies and gentlemen. on overnight trips especially. But. 16. but on buses you have to keep your hand on your purse. I wonder why…. We hope you enjoyed the flight… Ladies and gentlemen. 15. But it is not possible to take a train everywhere in Thailand. A tear was in her eye. I said. 12. There are no pickpockets on trains either. “ I come from Dixie Land. passengers may not have liquids or gels of any size at the screening checkpoint or in the cabin of the aircraft. don’t you cry for me. The food they serve on trains is good and not very expensive. Oh. And you can take better photos! Another advantage is that the scenery is always better along the rail routes compared to the scenery along highways. they travelled quite a lot by train and they also used buses. 13. Thank you for flying Delta Business Express. Last summer their parents took them to Thailand. Smoke has been detected in the train. or at your seat. Trains are much safer and more comfortable. don’t you cry! (Chorus) I had a dream the other night When everything was still. I froze to death. Please remain in your seats with your seatbelts fastened until the final stop. thought I saw Susanna A-coming down the hill. and many interesting sights.for the best answer. Thank you for your cooperation and patience while these security measures are in effect. Public place announcements Mind the gap Stand clear of the doors Smoking is not allowed on this train Watch your step while exiting the train. and they're usually open. but every day there are accidents with buses. (Chorus) A buckwheat cake was in her mouth. Trains in Thailand are surprisingly good. the next stop is Central Avenue. 19. Trains are much safer than buses. There is more space. You can get a better view of the small villages. The weather was so dry. 62 23. 11. it doesn't matter how long it takes. But of course you can do this only once. the old temples.
and she . a car. There will be a 15-minute delay in departure time. although they sounded their siren. The police followed the car. please raise your seat to its upright position and fasten your seatbelts. These inventions were unknown in Europe at the time. or subtraction.30. 3. They found out from Marco Polo many interesting things about China. Chinese brought their religion – Buddhism – from India to China across the Silk Road. and to see the country with his own eyes. What flight is the information about? Hello. One of the most important of these was the Arab system of counting. 4……) were all used by the Arabs before they were used in Europe. What are you doing on Wednesday? G: I’m free after I do my lessons on Wednesday. When he returned. Unit 8 Conversation Giorgi’s friend Beka wants to invite him to play table tennis at his house. Europeans were able to hear for the first time what China was like. people in Europe did not want to believe what he told them about all these fantastic inventions. Passengers of bus 26 going to Boston. Listen to further announcements for the departure time. B. the car they were chasing did not stop. What are you doing on Thursday? 63 . The Silk Road did not only bring new ideas from China. where the driver had to stop and pay. The figures that we use today for counting (1. They wanted to see these things themselves. Giorgi also wants to play table tennis with Beka. The driver of the car paid no attention to the loud noise of the siren and the car stopped only when it reached the next toll gate. Passengers of Flight number 302 bound for Los Angeles are invited to departure gate 7 for boarding the 25. about baths with hot and cold running water.24. He told them that in China they used paper money. they could make paper. There will be a departure delay due to severe weather conditions. not figures. We should be boarding in about two hours. departure time 6. The two policemen jumped out and ran over to the car. Thank you for your patience. So he calls him to find out when he will be able to come. and doing arithmetic. These ideas were a mathematical revolution! In exchange for their silk. The car went too fast along the highway. People also found out about how to use coal for heating. they were able to find directions using a compass. Then they saw that the woman was doing many things wrong.all at the same time! What's more. He was the first European to visit China. she did not have a driving licence. 25. I ‘m training in basketball on Tuesday. And this is how the Silk Road began to open the doors between two very different cultures. for numbers! And until we found out from the Arabs. But. Europeans used words. was writing something in a small book . Thank you for your patience. she was telephoning on her mobile phone. When she went to court. The departure gate will be announced later. Hello. with a stop in Boston. He travelled along the Silk Road from Italy to China at the end of the 13 century. Passengers of flight 203 bound for New York. who lived between Europe and China. B: What are you doing on Tuesday? G. plane. we did not know the meaning of addition. Until they started to use these figures. 26. So we can play table tennis on Wednesday. She was feeding her baby. B: What are you doing on Monday? G: I am going to a concert on Monday. because he had told her never to stop when a police car followed her! Unit 7 The door between two cultures th Marco Polo was an Italian explorer. she told the judge that it was her husband's fault. 2 A Joke about a woman-driver The police saw a woman who was driving. and they could even print on paper. We are offering refund to passengers willing to return the tickets. Europeans brought to China such things as horses and glass. They wanted to try and stop her. After I do my lessons. or multiplication or division. 2. We’re sorry for the inconvenience. Europeans also learnt new things from the Arabs. As we start our decent into Boston's Logan airport. B: Great! So we have at least found one day. and kites that were big enough to carry men through the air! At first.
(F). see you on Wednesday. She took cold and cough medicines to relieve her fever and achiness. So she took a rest. B: Oh. Donald also ran out of the gym. They knew very well what was wrong with each of them. and down the stairs to the ground floor.G: I’m meeting some friends at 7 in the evening. and she wore several layers . So. She put a plastic bag filled with crushed ice that had been wrapped in a towel on the injured area for 20 minutes at a time. and her body ached all over.fruit juice. (C). 'I just wanted to see if his costume would burn. but nothing showed. (E). They put out the fire and took Donald to hospital. But nurses in the hospital said that he hadn't cried or complained. What had been wrong with them? Unit 10 1. (D). A Halloween joke that wasn't funny 1. B: Are you! Who are you going with? G: My brother and grandmother. And she washed her hands frequently. 7. His costume was covered with leaves and grass. In three days all the three friends were Ok.a t-shirt. This is what they did. She knew it might help reduce the swelling. Donald was wearing a Halloween costume. 4 times per day. Attracted by Donald’s costume another boy came up to him. On the ground floor some of the other students were able to use a fire extinguisher and somebody’s coat to put out the flames. We going to the country this weekend. Donald had got severe burns on nearly half of his body. and especially on his back and on his legs. Unit 9 What was wrong with them? Three friends – Maya. G: Right. 4. (G). She didn’t see the doctor. tea and sometimes even pure water. They also knew how it could be helped. sweatshirt. She had played tennis the day before. She thought it was a great time to spend with her favourite videos without her mom or dad asking her to help out around the house! She felt feverish. 2. (A). and her foot ached. 6. See you. Tamuna couldn’t move her right hand. and robe – which made it easy to add or subtract clothes as needed. a 14-year-old student of Ellsworth High School was in the school gymnasium along with the 400 other students at a Halloween party. 5. She didn’t take aspirin. The 15-year-old boy who lit the lighter said that he was very sorry and that he didn't know that it was dangerous. Maya drank lots of drinks . Like most of his friends at the party. Sophiko and Tamuna were sick. She used a pillow to help raise the injured arm. 3. but when they realised that there was a real fire. She also coughed a lot. lit a lighter and held the flame next to the leaves and the grass. In the hospital he was immediately examined. (B). She took an x-ray of her foot. Sophiko couldn’t walk. She bandaged her wrist with elastic wraps. 2 Song A Bicycle Built for Two 64 . she didn’t move it. so that he looked like an army sniper wearing camouflage.' he said. they ran to the exits in a panic. She didn’t do her lessons. The costume immediately burst into flames. It was her wrist. Donald Await. And she kept the injured area raised above the level of the heart. We are staying there till Moday morning. because she remembered her doctor didn’t say it was OK. though. What are you doing on Friday? G: We are going to the Museum of History of Georgia. B. She felt cold one minute and hot the next. She took it easy. What are you doing this weekend? G. she stayed off of it completely. I see. She even used her grandfather’s crutches when she had to walk. When the other students saw the flames on Donald’s costume they thought at first it was a joke. B: A busy week. and in three days they felt fit to play sports and go to school.
But you’ll look so sweet upon the seat Of a (bicycle) built for two! Patrick. I won’t be kissed On a bicycle built for (two)! 65 . Patrick. It won’t be a stylish marriage. I (can’t) afford a carriage.Daisy. I’m half crazy all for the (love) of you. There will be no (marriage). give (me) your answer. here’s your answer true! I (know) that trick and it will never do. If you can’t afford a carriage. Daisy. For I insist. do.
Is this yours? 3.and to add others that you may prefer. Excellent! Wonderful! Marvellous! Terrific! Fantastic! Well done! Right. Go and sit down. Pens down please. Look at page . I can't hear you. You should feel free to use expressions that you are most comfortable with . Keeping them in order Quiet please. It is rather to encourage teachers to use English systematically and continually in their everyday dealings with the students. How are you? Fine thanks... What is important is that students should feel that the teacher uses English naturally for all these purposes. Next to (Giorgi).. Starting off an activity Now we are going to. Open your books. (See also ‘Using English and L1 in the classroom’ in ‘Notes on Class Management’) The expressions listed here are suggestions. 6. Yes.. See you next (Monday). Go and sit over there.APPENDIX II GLOSSARY OF CLASS MANAGEMENT LANGUAGE The reason for including this list for the teacher’s reference is not to give an exhaustive list of 'management' language for the English class. Good afternoon. Any more volunteers? 4. And you? See you tomorrow. 5.. Stand over there/here. You can go back now. I want you to sit in pairs/groups. Who hasn't finished? Have you finished? Not yet? I'll give you one more minute. Okay. In this group.. Give your book to.you may not like Fantastic! for example . Can you see exercise number . 7. In group (2). Where's your (book)? No. Inviting volunteers Come here please. There you are. you should not feel obliged to use them all. That's right. ? Copy/write the date. Coming and going Good morning... Would you like to come to the board? How about you? Can you try? Another volunteer? Who wants to come out? You've been already.. Ready? Are you ready? Is that clear? Do you understand? Copy this into your books. Have a good week-end. Let's go! 8. Move to the right/left.. Personal enquiries Who is absent today? What's the matter (with him/her)? What’s the matter with you? Are you tired? Are you hungry/thirsty? You were absent last time. 2. 1. Encouraging students Good. Closing an activity Time's up! Stop working now. you can't leave now! What are you doing? Don't be silly! You're wasting time. Sorry. Somebody else.... How is (your father)? What's your name? Where do you live? Are you coming tomorrow? You're late today.. Moving them around Why are you sitting here/there? Come and sit over here. Can you draw a (car) for me? Can you write (this sentence) on the board please. 66 . Very good. Not yet? Have you got a (pencil)? Have you got one? Where's the duster? Here you are.
Did you hear the band playing? 32.should 40. 4.was repainted five years ago. 28.invited us to the opening of the modern art exhibition.had stopped 34. 30.6 Laris/GEL 6.pollute the environment 24.4 13.Frankenstein 4.rent a bike 19.will be designed 39.(In) Mtskheta 8.start a company/school 24.had 38.public entertainment 21.is valid 21.2 15.take it easy 25.TV programme/The Max 3.will feel 35.traffic jam 22.She can speak Chinese fluently because she lived in China for five years.would you see 37.Sally told/had told me all the truth. 29.the best 28.was/were 35.4 13.4 15.become successful/rich 25.In London/Great Britain//UK 2.No.3 11. 5 11.which was /is the shortest way to Turtle Lake. 27.take a rest 22.I was crossing the street when the police car stopped me.3 13. have a cold/a rest 24.Parnas (bookshop) 3.The woman who is a popular singer.vocational school/education 21.medieval centuries 20.read TEST THREE 1. 28.(In) Imedi 5.Wide Open Eyes.had already left 35.m.I miss you a lot.eeither 36.He wants to start business.I /you can 3.would come 39. 29.He doesn’t have the Internet at home so he goes to the Internet café.stay in bed 21.had 37.1 10.39 87 80 4. Ted’s (school) 6. 8.join the club 18.pass the exam 25.more expensive 26.3 14.sent different models of rockets to the moon.Dracula 8.3 12.pay attention 25. Dr (Pavle) Avalishvili’s (clinic) 4.West (Georgia) 5.2 16.would/’d learn 36.reasonable price 20.work hard 23.1 11.first aid/trip/entertainment 24.was 39.should 35.1 13. 454 34 23 5.m.1 12.5 12.he was late for the meeting.(From) Imedi 3.5 14.1 10.have 38.will finish a new cathedral in two years’ time.excercise 34.was made (by the President) in new York 31.This Is Our Land.3 17. 6.236 19 37 4.5 17. 28. 26.either 34.faster 29.I couldn’t watch the Eurovision because our TV was out of order.would/’d be TEST TWO 1.”I spent last summer in Tbilisi”.1 12.History (museum) 3.was written 40.too 35.public place 19.Both 8.make friends 18.jazz band 25.4 16.have fun 19.1 17.if it was time for the Club Show.1 16.have become 38.Art (Museum) 8. 30.have used TEST FIVE 1. lives next door.4 15.5 16. 29.safe area/place/station 24.4 14.do not/don’t work 39.Prospero’s (bookshop) 5.Ted’s (school) 7.might/may 39. 31.2 13.that Venice was/is like no other town in the world.must 34. Art (Museum} 9.have ever seen 37.see 34. 27.have been 34.be in love 20.Dr (Anthony) Hugh’s (clinic) 2.3 14.knew 38.Yes.hanging out 22.ancient times/instrument 20. 26.4 15.must 38.will go 36.2 10.playing 40.APPENDIX III ANSWER KEYS TO THE TESTS TEST ONE 1.fall ill 19.(At) 8. 31.protect somebody 22. business trip 19. 26.3 16.has 37.4 11. 30.drama studio 22.watching TEST FOUR 1. 33.had sold out 39. 33.the best 33.Berlin.3 10. 27.do these tests annually.could/might 36.might/may/could FINAL TEST 1.had eaten 37. 2.3 15.The TV programme/The Max 9.(About) schools (in Mtsketa and Berlin) 2.have to 37.Prospero’s (bookshop) 2.(The exhibition of) folk dance costumes 2. 26.impress somebody 23.4 17.2 14.some jokes didn’t/ don’t make him laugh.had started 35.5 14./ The woman who lives next door is a popular singer.”We are having a party at Nick’s place.there were/are excellent hot water open-air baths in Budapest.Silk Road 25.Parnas (bookshop) 7.is carried out by scientists.2 12.(For) two 7. 28.Two 5.Dr (Pavle) Avalishbvili’s (clinic) 8.city transport 18.2 16. 4.are carried by underground 27.would not be/wouldn’t be 40.it was the building with a very modern design 31.” Can I borrow three books?” 30.had already left 36. 30. 33.the most exciting 27.2 10.This happened in summer last year when I was in Kvariati. 32.leisure activities 18.Wide Open Eyes 7. 9. 26.won 67 .new technological inventions will be made by scientists.(In) Kutaisi 6.is visited by about one thousand people every week.had been 36. 32.personal computer 20. 32.this /that was all I wanted to say.1 17.Dr (Pavle) Avalishvili’s (clinic) 3.win a prize 22.1 10.” 29.1 17.dangerous situation/place 21.Frankenstein 9.He met his old friend there.musical instrument/band 23.Radio programme/This is our Land 7.5 11.reduce the risk 20.You are 18 years old so you can take part in elections.5 11.This makes me mad.lived 38.harder 32. 33.Who won the big prize? 33.would/’d travel 40.good relationships/friends 21. 32.4 15.the most important 31.will invent better space equipment 29.less 30.has made 40.(At) 12 p.I read the book which is much spoken about.pay attention 23. 31. different opinions/centuries 23. 27.(At) 4 pm 9.20a.I heard them sing.3 13.4 Laris/ GEL 6.bus station 23.compulsory education 19.was made 28.At Paddington (station) 5. you can’t 9.Both 6.police station 18.Dr (Anthony) Hugh’s (clinic) 7.(At) 11a.become independent/ill 18.m.space rocket 24.She wanted to impress me.4 12.
winadadebebs Soris kavSiri ar Cans. Tumca aris 1-2 gamonaklisi. moyvanilia 1-2 faqti da/an magaliTi. winadadebebis wyoba gamarTulia. leqsikuri da orTografiuli sizuste A Accuracy gramatikuli Secdomebis raodenoba 2-s ar aRemateba. 3-2 1-0 naweri sustia. leqsika moTxovnis Sesabamisia. rogor aris daculi gramatikuli. winadadebebis wyoba arasworia. daSvebulia umniSvnelo Secdomebi orTografiasa da punqtuaciaSi. A 1-0 68 . daSvebulia ramdenime Secdoma orTografiasa da punqtuaciaSi. leqsika moTxovnaze ufro martivia. azris gageba Wirs. an igi Zalian martivi da umniSvneloa.testis maqsimaluri qulaa 50. testis qula 10baliani Sefaseba 50-47 10 46-43 9 42-39 8 38-35 7 34-31 6 30-27 5 26-23 4 22-19 3 18-15 2 14-11 1 10-0 0 Sefasebis sqema testis weriTi davalebisTvis. orTografiasa da punqtuaciaSi daSvebul Secdomebs sistemuri xasiaTi aqvs. magram zog SemTxvevaSi mas Tanmimdevroba aklia. azri mkafiod da Tanmimdevrulad aris gadmocemuli. 5-4 qula 3-2 naweri saSualo donisaa. srulyofilad aris gacemuli pasuxi davalebaze. azri Cans. M maqsimaluri qula: 10 qula rogor pasuxobs naweri davalebas Task fulfilment 5-4 naweri kargia. moyvanilia mxolod erTi faqti da/an magaliTi. winadadebebis wyoba ZiriTadad kargia. daSvebulia 7-ze meti gramatikuli Secdoma. leqsika metad martivi da Seusabamoa. daSvebulia 3-6 gramatiuli Secdoma. qulebi 10 balian SefasebaSi Semdegi sqemis mixedviT unda gadavides. magaliTi an ar aris moyvanili.
salary.Instead of calling out the items. Continue to build up the prepared words in this way. working alone or in pairs. They will be interrogated and they must prepare their alibi.Tell two students that there has been a crime. or other students'. for example.When a student calls Bingo! check his items against your list.g. instructions. Other students are the police. profit). Write a U at the top on the right. using only the letters on the board. as many words as possible in a specified time (e. a useful variant is to call out definitions of the items. following your directions: E. 69 . 3 minutes). e.Instruct a student at the board: e... without saying the name of the place. Make a note of the items you have 'defined. If all the words are acceptable (ie. This is a good place to put your money (bank).g.g. they are not guilty.Call out clues to identify places. if the letter 's' appears on the board they may use it twice. It consists in finding as many words as possible from a given number of letters.g. market.Put up the alphabet in 5 numbered lines. Individually on the board .APPENDIX IV SUPPLEMENTARY ACTIVITY BANK As pairwork . F G H I J 3. they are guilty of the crime.Put up several words jumbled and invite students to come and write up the correct sentences on the board. E.. the names of 4 public places: e. Put an H at the bottom on the left.Students match the clues with the items and tick them off their lists. RAICH. . taxi-park.Put up 8 to 10 letters. has found the most words and write these up. Tonight you can see Rambo III if you go there (cinema). YBO. words which they have met in class) declare him the winner. .The first student to call out the correct word can then take your place and instruct the class to find a word in the same way. . put one of the two in front of the class. If the police are not able to 'break' their alibi. His partner must be outside and must not hear what answers he gives. police station.Note: Instead of using 8-10 random letters you may want to use the letters of a long word.g. Here's an example to revise the names of public places. from memory or from your list on the board.. GRLI. Clues and definitions: .When the time has expired. They may use each letter several times if necessary. business... . and ask detailed questions: e. Find the second letter in the third line.Think of a word and tell students to find and write it down. They are suspected of committing the crime. . research.church. . as follows: 1. importance or beautiful.When other students can guess a word. Hundreds of people go there to pray (church). If his answers are not consistent with his friend's. to find and write down as many words as they can. Tell them when and where it happened. You go there if you want to read a book (library). Where were you? What time did you arrive? What was the colour of your shirt? What was the name of the television programme?. Preferably tell them the day before to give them time to prepare. Then invite students. The lines will be used to write on. Put a D at the top on the right. RECLIC) and invite students to work in pairs to find. . or the competition may be between individuals.g.. . or clues which are sufficient to identify the item.g. find out which student. Words from many letters This is a variant on making words from jumbled letters.Then invite other students to call out words they have found which are not already on the board and add them to the list.Jot down 5 words the class have seen (e. students write letters in specified positions in a square. from the teacher's.Tell students to write down. . The student writes the letters on the correct lines. they should take over the instructions in your place. . Put an R in the middle. .Then bring in the partner and interrogate him. (E) What is the second letter in the second line? (G) ..g. . . with a line in each corner and in the middle. . or pair.Put up 10 words whose letters have been jumbled (e.g.Tell them how long they have to find the words and respect the time limit. . 4 minutes is a reasonable time to allow. accountant.Students may thus win a point for their group. K L M N O etc. (Sts write L) Find the fifth letter in the first line. This activity involves listening comprehension as well as vocabulary revision. chemist's. Alibi . Finding words from a letter table . Building up words inside a square In this activity. Put up a large square.For the interrogation. and write down.' . A B C D E 2.
is nearly one million. preferably from the back of the room. or means of transport.. 2.. Invite the student to correct you or repeat. . .g. or competitions can be organised between groups. Have a student dictate ( e. Correct the sentences as soon as they are written. General knowledge quizz Using general knowledge tests is a powerful way of ensuring intensive language practice of a communicative kind..using as many of these words as possible. Their job is to write as long a sentence as possible. The dictation can also be given to a student at the board.Dictation by students to teacher .. They should write on one piece of paper. . S2: the.orange . S1: Last. The biggest town in Georgia is . passing the paper to each other for each replique. or the number of words in the sentence.. The population of .Stop them when a word which is put up is not grammatically possible in the context. shaking hands with a student. shouting a word. 3. It can be done at any stage of the course..Put up a number of vocabulary items: e..g. Here is a 'geography' exercise. S2: Thursday. tapping.Aim at getting at least 10 sentences. S1: at.. With a little thought. moving an object to another place. S1: cinema. words.. five o'clock .. What happened? .. if you have made a mistake. Invite students to come and write up any sentence describing the person. 5 numbers between 1 and 100) to you. in pairs. E.2 students come to the board. The whole class then decides which group has the most correct version of what happened..g. 4. . Invite all students to copy any sentences they like in their copy-books.. can devise many more general knowledge tests. ...Carry out a series of 5 actions in front of the class. Each student should write only one sentence.thirsty . or small groups. Spiderman . or your students. . you. erasing something from the board. students decide and write down the actions in their correct order.Note: You must decide exactly what actions you will carry out before you start. or writer. taking off a shoe.This is a free brainstorming writing exercise in which students can show what language they know. Allow not more than about 8 minutes . Then. Students can be asked to write 8 true sentences. Several students can be at the board at the same time.Examples of actions: writing a word on the board.g.. Write what you hear on the board... each of them writing one word alternately.... inorder to do them quickly and clearly.Give the name of a person well known to the students: e. S2: Alpha. S1: saw.. Kutaisi is the regional capital of . Dialogue writing in pairs .Pick up some papers and read the dialogues to the whole class. .of 5 or 6 replicas .Instruct students to write a short dialogue ..cinema. saying something to a student. some actor.' in place of each gap. 70 .This activity can of course be based on familiar objects.50 laris . looking c:losely at a student.This is a good test of students' pronunciation.. .. under the given title. quickly and once only.. or short sentences..Collect the papers and read out the different versions. The geography of Georgia Read out the following sentences. 1. . The name of the region in the south of the country is .. Note how many words they manage to write up. touching the top of a window. See which pair makes the longest sentence.brother . One word each . or when a complete sentence has been written. sitting on your desk. standing on a desk.....It is possible to have 2 or even 3 pairs at the board at the same time. Students listen and write down the missing items in a list.like . putting an object in your pocket. . or places. or saying 'blank.Note: The same technique can be used with letters. They can be given to the whole class.
.. Batumi is the capital of the region called ... who then writes up the answers.. is 133 km east of Tbilisi. ask volunteers to remember and call out the original sentences to a student at the board. 6.5.. 71 .. To correct...
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