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What Might Systemic Innovation Be?

What Might Systemic Innovation Be?

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Systemic innovation is a concept is full of promise, waiting for 21st-century social change makers to embrace, experiment with and discover its potential. It can be a powerful addition to the conceptual toolkit of the social innovator and change maker. If it reaches its potential, it might revolutionize the toolkit all together and redefine what social innovation means and how social change is pursued.

In order to help the fledging systemic innovation movement theorize, research and action-learn its way towards that potential, this essay proposes that we get divergent with definitions of systemic innovation.

Part 1 presents 8 possibilities and 31 sub- possibilities of what systemic innovation might be. The possibilities are generally distinguished on the basis of different understandings of “innovation”, the sub-possibilities are born of the many different ways of looking at and thinking about systems.
For more: http://systemnovation.com

Systemic innovation is a concept is full of promise, waiting for 21st-century social change makers to embrace, experiment with and discover its potential. It can be a powerful addition to the conceptual toolkit of the social innovator and change maker. If it reaches its potential, it might revolutionize the toolkit all together and redefine what social innovation means and how social change is pursued.

In order to help the fledging systemic innovation movement theorize, research and action-learn its way towards that potential, this essay proposes that we get divergent with definitions of systemic innovation.

Part 1 presents 8 possibilities and 31 sub- possibilities of what systemic innovation might be. The possibilities are generally distinguished on the basis of different understandings of “innovation”, the sub-possibilities are born of the many different ways of looking at and thinking about systems.

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What Might Systemic Innovation Be?

An Exploratory Essay

Daniel Miller March 2012

This paper was originally published on systemnovation.com.
systemnovation.com is a site of investigation and ideation of systemic innovation. Its content includes exploratory and secondary research, creative conjectures, learning resources and attempts to synthesize the disconnected. Its purpose is to help social innovators and change makers better understand and enact what is needed to bring about a future of enriched lives human solidarity and a healthy planet for all.

What Might "Systemic Innovation" Be? by Daniel Miller is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.You are free to share it widely in whatever formart you choose. Even modify it for your own purposes or rewrite it in your own vision. Do whatever is necessary to spread the ideas within. Please also attribute the author You can contact Daniel Miller by e-mail: daniel@systemnovation.com

Part 1 2013

Introduction
This is an essay about a concept. It was written from a belief that the concept can inform, shape and inspire more effective practice for social change. This concept is full of promise, waiting for 21st-century social change makers to embrace, experiment with and discover its potential. It is hoped that the ideas within this essay will enhance our efforts to bring about a future of enriched lives, human solidarity and a healthy planet for all.

The World of Systemic Innovation
This essay divergently I began to discover the ideas behind some of these interpretations while working at Engineers Without Borders Canada (EWB). In the fall of 2011, we committed ourselves to words meant in isolation, let alone as a whole. However, we had a belief based in experience and intuition that systemic approaches were needed everywhere there were human problems to be solved and opportunities to be realized. We also made the conjecture that the stuck-ness of many global situations e.g. poverty, expiring education systems, and governments struggling to involve and be accountable to citizens - strongly demands innovation. The same beliefs and conjectures have been emerging in many places and organizations. Some use language almost In the UK, Forum For the Future is addressing complex sustainability issues by using System Innovation have A similar concept of the same name has long been explored by academics -technical for sustainability at the level of entire systems (Elzen, Geels and Green 2004). The Presencing Institute, based in Cambridge, USA, with a global network of faculty and fellows, co-create deep innovations in communities, systems and self (Presencing Institute 2012) The Social Innovation Generation in Canada fosters social innovation defined as routines, resource and authority flows or beliefs of any social system (e.g. (Social Innovation Generation 2013). 1

inclusivity and the collective wisdom. The formalization of the concept systemic innovation gives us the opportunity to see these change makers as part of a whole. each taking a unique look at the need for. bottom up learning. Innovation in Complex Social Systems And some use explicitly: Recently Denmark was the site of a Social Innovation Europe conference session Based on the aforementioned academic thinking about social technical transitions. 6 What Might “Systemic Innovation” Be? – Part 1 Reos Partners. These organizations and thinkers are joined by many. Definitions explicate our assumptions and help us formalize our hypothesis about the impacts of systemic innovation. making action-learning effective and 2 . many social change makers around the world who are changing systems and innovating in their own places. conceptual foundations of and recommendations to enhance systemic innovation. The Need for Definitions At EWB we explicitly decided not to define systemic innovation at first. The motivation for this essay stems from the argument that those outcomes are the right ones for the fledgling systemic innovation movement. They provide reference points that can facilitate understanding between people of different perspectives.Mar. The most recent and comprehensive treatment of systemic innovation is the 2013 (Mulgan and Leadbeater). as to encourage experimentation. a social innovation consultancy with partners on four continents and work on six. The theory and learning from experience of these organizations are incorporated into a number of the possibilities explore in this paper. 30). Definitions give people something to hold onto as they enter a new domain of theory and practice. Many are undoubtedly practicing or theorizing about systemic innovation without making use of systems or innovation based language. a global network of Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) attempting to catalyze a (SmartCSOs 2012. emerging movement. but the strategy of non-definition would go awry. It consists of two parts.

Definitions are discarded if real-world experimentation proves them un-useful. Doing so would limit the potential of this concept in at least three ways: se and constantly evolve and expand. The synthesis of these concepts will likely yield unexpected synergies. they see systemic innovations as new creations whose purposes. as they are with its design and 3 . multiple attempts at the best most appropriate definition). Singular definition may restrict our openness to noticing the unexpected. However.e. or if they are similar enough to another definition that their differences do not make a difference in practice. but rather provide different lenses/perspectives through which systemic innovation can be understood and pursued. enabling those looking and working through different lenses/perspectives to more readily understand each other and share learning. sub-possibilities and their types This essay attempts to animate the multiple-definition by providing 17 possibilities and 52 subThere are four types of possibilities: Possibilities #1-#4 interpret systemic innovation as a noun. an entity. this does not mean that we should aspire to find/determine/provide one common definition to systemic innovation. Possibilities #5(i. They see systemic innovations as the results of innovation processes. or interrelated courses of action). Singular definition discourages conceptual exploration of the potential value found in each concept. In particular. The alternative to both non-definition and singular definition is to provide multiple definitions. Singular definitions would exclude the contributions to understanding that can come from social change makers who are doing/making systemic innovation but not articulating what they are doing/making in those terms. The theoretical or experiential foundations of each definition are made clear. forms or creators (inspired by Aristotle. They are not so much concerned with the nature of the outcome of the innovation process. see Falcon 2012) are systemic in nature. Part 1 2013 fruitful. an outcome.e. a series of steps. They give the formality needed for many to accept invitation into the movement and help others decide when the movement is not for them. Possibilities. foundations. This strategy can work if: The multiple definitions are not in competition (i.

a list of the definitions/names of each possibility and subpossibility is provided following this introduction. Over 100 references to further reading are provided. Possibilities #9attributed to social innovations with certain qualities. Each of the possibilities are made up of 3variations on the main theme of the given possibility. Part 2 and descriptions of the remaining possibilities are forthcoming. Whereas the possibilities are generally distinguished possibilities are born of the many different ways of looking at and thinking about systems. If it reaches its potential.Mar. (The follow the  bullets). 6 What Might “Systemic Innovation” Be? – Part 1 structure. An annotated bibliography to support a more rigorous and in-depth exploration of all 52 sub-possibilities is forthcoming. Possibilities #13each differentiated according to different ways of measuring the degree or significance of change. Each of the 8 can be read independently. which doubles as a table of contents. They seek to describe and make accessible to practitioners the how of implementing a systemic innovation process. grouped according to subpossibility. End of the Beginning Systemic innovation can be a powerful addition to the conceptual toolkit of the social innovator and change maker. it might revolutionize the toolkit all 4 . the sub-possibilities require you to read the background / description of the possibility that contains them. Content and Structure of the first 8 Possibilities and first 31 sub possibilities. The presentation of each is done by: First providing a brief definition of the possibility in the form of an answer to the Then the core concepts of the possibility are explained. The sub possibilities A works-cited page for in text citations can be found on Page 21 An un-annotated bibliography of sources of further theory and practice for each sub-possibility is found on Page 26. They focus on different systemic understandings of an innovation s integration and interrelationship with(in) systems. For now. Then the sub-possibilities are briefly defined and explained.

Please share it with anyone who might be interested. please send the author comments. Part 1 2013 together and redefine what social innovation means and how social change is pursued. Rather. innovation and social change.com 5 . Arguments for such dramatic claims are not to be made here however. questions and suggestions for improvement: Daniel Miller. conceptual experiments in the synthesis of concepts and broad research into the connections of the dispersed worlds of systems thinking. this is a collection of playful variations on a theme. Daniel@systemnovation. human solidarity and a healthy planet for all. put into practice and dialogue about systemic innovation are in their infancy. It is hoped that this paper can help them take a step forward and in doing so contribute to our efforts to bring about a future of enriched lives. Global efforts to understand. Sincere thanks to you for taking the time to check out this paper.

(Page 8) sp I: change sp II: A solution/catalyst/ initiative composed of parts from old/current systems to create systemic change.Mar. 6 What Might “Systemic Innovation” Be? – Part 1 List of the Names/Definitions of the 17 Possibilities and 52 Sub-Possibilities Possibility #1: A solution/catalyst/initiative designed and implemented to create systemic change. Possibility #2: Social technology built around systems phenomena (Page9) sp IV: Social technology built around general systems phenomena sp V: Social technology built around human systems phenomena sp VI: Social technology built around institutional systems phenomena sp VII: Social technology built around grounded-bounded systems phenomena Possibility #3: Innovation created by a system (Page 10) sp VIII: Innovation created by ecosystem-innovation sp IX: Innovation created by a innovation-ecosystem sp X: Innovation created by a social innovation system sp XI: Innovation created by a dynamic group innovation system: Possibility #4: A solution that is itself a system (Page 12) sp XII: A solution that is an institutional system sp XIII: A solution that is an socio-technical system sp XIV: A solution that is a social-capital system sp XV: A solution that is a socio-ecological system Possibility #5: A multi-stage innovation process actively involving a whole system (Page 13) sp XVI: A multi-stage innovation process actively involving a whole system-as-a-user sp XVII: A multi-stage innovation process actively involving a whole system-as-acollaborator sp XVIII: A multi-stage innovation process actively involving a whole system-as-aleader sp XIX: A multi-stage innovation process actively involving a whole system-as-a-host Possibility #6: An Organizational Systems Thinking Problem Solving Process Applied to Broader Social Systems (Page 15) sp XX: plied to broader social systems sp XXI: tems sp XXII: Critical Systems Heuristics applied to broader social systems sp XXIII: plied to broader social systems 6 . sp III: A set/combination of solutions/catalysts/ initiatives simultaneously implemented at multiple parts of a system to create systemic change.

 Part 1 2013 Possibility #7: An innovation process designed according to systems principles (Page 17) sp XXIV: e principles sp XXV: An innovation process designed according t sp XXVI: An innovation process designed according sp XXVII: An innovation process designed according Possibility #8: Possibility #8 Systemic innovation as a process that results in the transformation of a system (Page 19) sp XXVIII: Systemic innovation as a process that results in the transformation of collective mind sp XXIX: Systemic innovation as a process that results in the transformation of collective heart sp XXX: Systemic innovation as a process that results in the transformation of collective will sp XXXI: Systemic innovation as a process that results in the simultaneous transformation of mind. heart and will 7 .

beyond/distinct from the sum of change in its parts) + change in parts  Under Possibility#1. or policy. a social (Social Innovation Generation 2013) strategy. 1). sp II Solutions/catalysts which are composed of parts from old/current systems. other systems). sp III Sets/ combinations of solutions/catalysts simultaneously implemented at multiple parts of a system. Leverage points are  (Meadows 1999. Together. 8 . trigger multiple points of influence on a group of power players.e. realize opportunities to accelerate change (catalysts) or open new possibilities for positive impact (initiative). Possibility#1: A solution/catalyst/initiative designed and implemented to create systemic change  /catalyst/initiative idea. a piece of legislation. 6 What Might “Systemic Innovation” Be? – Part 1 Part 1 It might be. the set of solutions/catalysts is considered to be the systemic innovation. simultaneously create change at multiple hierarchical levels of a system. information) in one part of a system while preparing other parts to accommodate increased inflow. not because the parts themselves are new. social facilitation technique. there are three types of solutions/catalysts (for systemic change) to be considered: sp I Solutions/catalysts/initiatives that target a leverage point . business model. These might address systemic gaps or problems (solutions). problem solving framework. simultaneously increase/unblock flow (e. campaign. functions or purposes of a system as a whole (i.g.Mar. of people. This sort of systemic innovation might: address multiple root causes simultaneously while also helping mitigate detrimental symptoms. Any part or relationship (or property thereof or collection thereof) in a system could be a leverage point. = change in the properties. or necessarily because the end product they fit together to create is novel.. It is an arrangement) has never been tried together before..

for example. Pakistan. 1898 . experimentation and observation of group dynamics and group psychology sp VI Institutional systems phenomena based on understandings of human institutions. living systems theory and system dynamics. Brian Arthur. social life to bring about..g.  systems systems  Four types of systems phenomena around which Possiblity#2 systemic innovations could be built: sp IV General systems phenomena based on the theory. sp V Human systems phenomena based on theory. modeling and observation from complexity science. Alcoholics sponsor system. by Adam Kahane technology that brings together three already-existing technologies wholesystem-multi-stakeholder-teams. 20). modern corporate management techniques be considered social technologies. tells us that technology build around discoveries of phenomena: Electronics builds around phenomena to do with electron movement (Ross 2009) and that technological innovations  i. the system of managers and management policies at company X. The term has recently been used.) 9 . soc 2013). facilitated dia oriented scenario-planning (Kahane 2012a..e. etc. cultures and social structures sp VII Grounded-bounded systems phenomena based on knowledge and experience grounded in the defined and specific systems one finds oneself within (e.meaning: the use of knowledge of. Part 1 2013 Possibility#2: Social technology built around systems phenomena  W. author of The Nature of Technology. public education.. Balochistan..

government. using a range of means over time and at different levels of scale. A system is a whole out this defining funct  Ackoff 1999. 6 What Might “Systemic Innovation” Be? – Part 1 Possibility#3: Innovation created by a system  Here. Rather. the webs of relationships. entrepreneurship sp X Social innovation systems address complex problems from multiple perspectives. also see Boardman 1995). the nature of those connections gives rise to a whole that is more than the sum of its parts. 5-6. new 2012).Mar. and the collective attitudes. beliefs. and civil society from manipulation and confrontation to dialogue and cosp IX Innovation ecosystems: interact to catalyze creativity. systemic innovation is not defined by the nature of the innovation but the nature of the innovator. so as to transform problems and their contexts into matrices for new understanding. the environment and structures. 10 . they always possess new capacities different from the local actions that engendered them. Rather. any one individual or organization. and accelerate innovation across scientific and technological disciplines. they always surprise us  functions of a system include  Four ways that systems might create Possibility#3 innovations: sp VIII Ecosystem innovation properties or business. more power than the sum of their parts. abilities and goals that make  Essential to understanding Possibility#3 is the idea that systems are something more than a bunch of connected things. policy-driven as well as bottom-up. or attributable to. Innovations are not created by. trigger invention. public and private sectors and in a top-down.

and realize their potential for collaborative creativity. 11 . Part 1 2013 sp XI Dynamic group innovation systems: Organizational processes that greatly enhance the ability of groups to learn and adapt. Goebey and Robinson (Snyder and Wenger 2010). Examples include the Westley. access collective wisdom.

the human fishers that live within or fish from the ecosystem. 27). water currents and land masses that affect them all. 12 . 6 What Might “Systemic Innovation” Be? – Part 1 Possibility#4: A solution that is itself a system  To give consumers click-of-a-button-downloads-to-their-portable-device access to whatever music they wanted. infrastructure. the man-made structures they bring into it. sp XIV Social-capital systems of individuals. cultural meanings. norms and cultures and enacting individuals. a radical but self-sustaining mentoring network for new employees at a company.  These are all examples of how solving problems often requires the creation of entire systems.Mar. A novel neighbourhood composting initiative. Example: the automobile based system of land transport. and the weather patterns. maintenance networks and and Green 2004. the MP3 format.all of these are potential examples of newly created systems at smaller scales. incentives and disincentives. communities and localized organizations and the norms and relationships that connect them for the purposes of mutual/collective benefits. user practices and markets. ecosystems and structures. cultures and economies and biological and geological life. Example: a coastal eco-system and all of the life that comprises it. New mobile payment systems are helping millions of people in developing countries accelerate their movement out of poverty. institutions. including technology. groups. sp XIII Socio-technical systems lements. new multi-institution-city-wide support structures for people with drug addictions.  Note: While these are all examples of large systems. sp XV Socio-ecological systems made up of human decisions. online-music retail services and the iPod (Leadbeater 2013. 3). Example: the education system. workforce shortages. new software. The public education system was created to address issues such as unemployment. Apple had to create a new system that involved the music industries major players. Possibility#4 could describe the creation of systems of any size and scope. social instability and inequality. Example: the collective efforts of parents and community leaders in a given neighborhood to keep all children safe. regulations.  Four types of Possibility#4 system-as-innovations: sp XII Institutional systems made up of policies and regulations. organizational structures.

 whole system Part 1 2013 Possibility#5: A multi-stage innovation process actively involving a  Innovation can be described as a four stage and nine sub-stage process (Mulgan 2006): Generating Ideas Understanding Needs Testing Ideas In Practice Developing Innovation Diffusion Continued Evolution Assessing Learning Prototyping Identifying Potential Solutions Scaling Up Piloting Evolving  Each stage of this process could be done by involving the insights. individuals within the large group to contribute their best and the collective wisdom and creativity of the whole to emerge. Cady 2007) contains descriptions and case studies of over 60 whole-system methods. the process would become a systemic innovation process. solve collective problems or vision new futures.  13 . question forming. to reduce the company wide accident rate of more than 50 000 Hewlett Packard employees by 33% (Brown. and information capturing/sharing practices to help: large groups understand their themselves as a whole system. Devane. for example.  helping large groups make collective decisions. dialogue deepening. meeting design. skillful contribution. (Holman. These methods combine facilitation. leadership or responsibility for execution of a whole system. to bring together Israelis and Palestinians from across the political spectrum to explore trust and the possibility of peace (Owen 2007) and to dramatically increase pro-active innovation at all levels and units in a large hospital in British Columbia Canada (Axelrod and Axelrod 2007). By adapting and applying appropriate methods to each stage of the innovation process outlined above. ideas. design change for their systems. Homer and Isaacs 2007). Such methods have been used.

sp XIX System-as-a-host: Whole systems (or groups of stakeholders representing all parts of a system) catalyze.Mar. facilita or one of their own sub-systems) participation or leadership of an innovation process. bouncing ideas off of people across the system. testing prototypes in the system. sp XVII System-as-a-collaborator: Facilitators and leaders give whole systems (or groups of stakeholders representing all parts of a system) the space/freedom and mandate to propose ideas. make decisions. sp XVIII System-as-a-leader: Whole systems (or groups of stakeholders representing all parts of a system) initiate and ensure successful completion of all aspects of the process. 6 What Might “Systemic Innovation” Be? – Part 1  There are four depths of active involvement and ownership that a system could have through each stage of the Possibility#5 process: sp XVI System-as-a-user: Innovators not representative of the whole system involve the whole system the way designers of new products and services do: consulting widely to understand needs and realities. 14 . influence process directions/plans and execute deliverables during each stage of the process. etc.

2010). practitioners may find it challenging to apply them within broader social systems made up of loose networks. constructing the models 15 sp XX sp XXI . Leadership or change management teams. processes. it could begin by convening of key actors across a system in a manner modeled after The Sustainable Food Lab s Convening Strategy (Eisenstadt. these methodologies provided clear processes and principles that corporations. perceived problem/situation from all relevant worldviews.  -thinking-problem-solving processes that. government bureaucracies and social change organizations can effectively utilize. Process Applied to Broader Social Systems  Part 1 2013 Possibility#6: An Organizational Systems Thinking Problem Solving perspectives. They enable people to: understand their situations (organizations / problems / opportunities) as social systems generate new insights or interpretations of those situations and/or generate new ideas and solutions for those situations. To generate innovative solutions with broad systemic reach. could enable Possibility#6 innovation: (Ackoff 1999) guides an organization to re-describe (in systemic terms) the problems and opportunities it faces.  Given that these methodologies are explicitly designed for use within organizations. these methods need to be synthesized with best practices/theory in cross-system convening. and then design all the parts. or even entire organizations. While strongly rooted in the conceptual world of systems thinking. coordinating and action catalyzing. (Checkland 2010) facilitates continual action-learning on situations/problems that matter to a group.  The most prominent of these methodologies have at least three common functions. can use them for one time change initiatives or as ongoing innovation processes. policies and principles that will need to come together to bring the newly imagined organization into reality. actions. power and intractable problems with no simple solutions (Ramage and Shipp 2009. completely reimagine what their organization could and should be. if synthesized with other social change practice. To adapt Idealized Design for systemic purposes. 6). diverse institutions or multiple organizations with distinct objectives.

Wenger. Such could be contributed to. for example. 122-125). values and actors matter when understanding or intervening systems(Ulrich 2005a). organic . Realizing the full potential impact of CSH and its emancipatory power requires people at all levels of a system to be capable in its application. country and global scales would require organizing structures which accommodate diversity while capturing the benefits personal relationships.Mar. network coordinator and staff) that. common learning languages and clear communication channels bring to learning within a single organizations. Viable Systems Diagnosis. many more). any of the methods listed described above. for example. sp XXIII Flood (Flood 1995) allows practitioners to choose (e. by building CSH into the distributed leadership component of network development emphasized in systemic action research (Burns 2007. The intensive nature of TSI my require multi-organization networks wishing to utilize it to have the sort of structured core (working groups. 12-14). judgments on which facts.are most relevant to the situation. This choice is based on which of five metaphors for organizations as machine . 16 . Practitioners can redefine systems and prospective interventions by using e critical boundary questions (Ulrich 2005a). TSI provides procedures and frameworks to help make this choice. socio-cultural or socio-political systems . the Re-AMP network (Grant 2010. neuro-cybernetic . McDermott and Snyder conflict management and collaborative inquiry when expanding communities of practice to such scales (2002. 100). sp XXII tical Systems Heuristics (CSH) is : i.e. These can also serve as emancipatory tools for people affected by boundary judgments through unequal-power relationships (Ulrich 2005b. 6 What Might “Systemic Innovation” Be? – Part 1 Using SSM at community. steering committee.g Systems Dynamics. 5-8) is designed around. city.

guidelines or norms that influence the way that involved individuals relate to each other and the way that learning. ubject to changes of many sorts 1987. For example. the process of innovation behaves likes a system.  Understanding innovation as a process can also be done by focusing on the system of interconnected individuals responsible for carrying out the process. one such prescription could be: always prototype your ideas in the real world before revising the initial assumptions of the innovation process. could be thought of in two ways. how much power the ultimate beneficiaries/end-users have to influence the design of innovations meant to help them. prescriptions.   There are four types of systems principles that could shape the design of Possibility#7 processes: sp XXIV . for example. guidelines or norms that those responsible for the courses of action follow. take the notion that the structure at maintained by continuous exchange of 17 . creative insight. numerous interacting courses of action which can influence each other and the overall innovation process. or pivoting towards different. not assumptions about the linear nature of innovation. pg 275). First. prescriptions. In other words. A very different prescription could be: never let the sunk costs of past courses of action hold you back reinventing. For example.  . it could be seen as the specifications. therefore. guidelines or norms on the basis of insights from systems thinking/theory. it can be seen as the specifications. prescriptions. or how often learning is shared between those with formal roles. principles Part 1 2013 Possibility#7: An innovation process designed according to systems  Innovation rarely proceeds in such a linear fashion as depicted in Possibility#5. Second.  It can be useful to think of innovation as a process the way Ackoff thinks of directed at a des 108). future courses of action. ould design specifications. information or authority flows through system of individuals as a whole. The defining function of that whole is the generation of innovation(s). These could influence.

This could guide the design of decision making processes and authority/leadership distribution within an innovation process. and the norms and expectations surrounding their use... or the waste from one system becomes food for another. Qualitatively. the larger the variety of perturbations it is able to compensate. Examples: (Booth Sweeney 2009. and re proven unusable or learnings from failure. Such could influence the way individual. All materials in nature are valuable. continuously circulating in closed loops of production. 4) could inspire decisions about who to involve. sp XXV sp XXVI sp XXVII 18 . between different stages of an innovation process. teams and organizations with different roles in the innovation process are encouraged to pursue learning via engagement with external stakeholders. this theorem specifies the conditions in which success is possible: a matching between the (Bar Yam. Example: t delivered by a feedback loop even nonphysical feedback can affect only (Meadows and Wright 2008. 6 What Might “Systemic Innovation” Be? – Part 1 the faster the smaller the components envisaged (von Bertalanffy 1968. 2003). . 160). 189) could shape the design of interpersonal feedback. Example: The larger the variety of actions available to a control system. . use.Mar.

This can happen. This is how you actually get people to come together and do the work. organization s. for example. the creative ideas. which has been called (Scharmer 2009. However. network ) capacity to tap collective wisdom i. share 19 . solved that result are seen as the end. problem solving and the generation of new things are just focal.  Innovation as a process that transforms a system will probably require an explicit setting of goals in terms of outputs.  There are four types of system transformation that can come from Possibility#8 innovation processes: sp XXVIII Transformation of collective mind: that is. idea creation. understand each other. community. A family that works together to solve its problems develops stronger affection and deeper empathy for one another. The process and everything it entails is seen as the means.e. they see that discover things together that are too complex to discover alone). sp XXIX Transformation of collective heart: that is. the purpose of the innovation process can be seen as just having a system (organization.e. their suppliers and customers co-design a new product together and each becomes better able to help the others meet their needs in the future. rallying and conversation points that give the process  At the core of this idea is the insight that any process which involves a group in the creation of something inevitably requires change in the group by or before the end of the process. . . network) go through the process and the collaboration and cooperation it entails. A community comes together to generate ideas for making the local school a more exciting and thriving place. Part 1 2013 Possibility#8: A process that generates the transformation of a system  The purpose of an innovation process is often defined in terms of outputs. marketers. By flipping this understanding of means and ends. transformation of the way people within a system relate to one another. designers. this can be done with the understanding that there is a deeper and more fundamental goal: the transformation of the system as a result of talking and thinking and working together. tra (i. and without intending they also increase their collective ability to understand internal problems and external threats to future well-being. 135).

78). sp XXX Transformation of collective will work together and collaboratively create the futures they desire. 240-249 and 300-303) and by beginning with sharp clearly defined goals and learning by doing actual projects (Murphy. when they work hard on getting the questions rights. when they choose depth [of engagement] over speed [of solution production] and relatedness [of the group] over [size or expansiveness of the group]" (Block 2008. 6 What Might “Systemic Innovation” Be? – Part 1 [systems/groups] focus on the structure of how they gather and the context in which the gatherings take place. 460-461). Kirwan and Ashkenas 2007. 20 . sp XXXI Simultaneous transformation of mind.solving complex problems or transformation of reality. within and across the worlds of business. heart and will framing is drawn from the social field theory of Theory U (Scharmer 2009.Mar. go process that does the same is Transformative Scenario Planning (Kahane 2012a). Theory U is a change methodology and systemic innovation process that enables all three types of transformation within a system that . This can happen both through practicing (simulating) collaborative work situations (Senge 2006. 243-244).

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and Etienne Wenger. Snyder.. "Social Innovation Primer. Senge. 2013).pdf (accessed February 26.. "The Blind Spot of Institutional Leadership: How To Create Deep Innovation Through Moving from Egosystem to Ecosystem Awareness . 2009. London: Springer. Sean Goebey. UK. and Deborah Frieze.americanscientist. "Social technology.ca/sites/default/files/documents/Paper_FINAL_Lab%20for%20Social %20Innovation. Cultivating communities of practice: a guide to managing knowledge. Ulrich.pdf (accessed February 11. Scharmer. London: Random House Business." Social Innovation Generation (SiG). "Using Emergence to Take Social Innovations to 24 .org/bookshelf/pub/an-interview-with-w-brian-arthur (accessed February 23. Wheatley. http://sig. www.uwaterloo.html (accessed February 1. Peter M. Ulrich. Claus Otto." (2010). 2nd ed.com/csh. San Francisco.wikipedia.Waterloo Institute of Social Innovation and Resilience (2012). http:// wulrich. Margaret. Calif. Milton Keynes. Werner. the free encyclopedia. Social Innovation Generation (SiG). Frances. Etienne. and William Snyder. http://www. Boston. Scharmer." Social Innovation Europe.: Harvard Business School Press.org/wiki/Social_technology (accessed February 27. "A Mini-Primer of Critical Systems Heuristics. 2013). http://sigeneration. Otto. 2010. 2013). 2002. Richard A. 6 What Might “Systemic Innovation” Be? – Part 1 Online. McDermott." Werner Ulrich's Home Page. 2012." Wikipedia. http://wulrich.: Berrett-Koehler . William M. 2013). 2013). "Change Lab/Design Lab for Social Innovation.eu/magazine/context/reviews/systemic-socialinnovation (accessed March 6. 2013). Mass.ottoscharmer. http://en.Mar. Wenger.ca/primer. Werner. "A brief introduction to critical systems heuristics (CSH). no. www. 107-124.socialinnovationeurope." In Social learning systems and communities of practice. Theory U learning from the future as it emerges : the social technology of presencing. 2013). October 5.html (accessed February 14. The fifth discipline." ECOSENSUS project website The Open University. 2013)." . "Systemic Social Innovation.pdf (accessed February 17. 14 October 2005 (2005). "Our World as a Learning System: A Communities-of-Practice Approach.com/docs/articles/2010_DeepInnovation_Tianjin. and Kirsten Robinson. 2006.com/downloads/ulrich_2005f. Westley.

 Part 1 2013 Scale. 2013)." Margaret J.margaretwheatley.com/articles/emergence. http://www.html (accessed February 27. 25 . Chicago formatting by BibMe. Wheatley.org.

sustainer. http://networkingaction. Donella." Sustainability Institute (1999). and Mark Kramer. 2013). Robert Patrick . and Julie Simon." Alberta Environment Government of Alberta (2010).orgnet. Valdis .(2012). Hasso.org/toolkit/en/download to create  "Human Centered Design Toolkit .pdf  Krebs. http://dschool. "Leverage Points: Places to Intervene in a System.pdf (accessed January 28. http://www.pdf  Woodward.com/BuildingNetworks. "bootcamp bootleg.eu/sites/default/files/sites/default/files/SIE%20 Systemic%20Innovation%20Report%20-%20December%202012_1.school .pdf  Waddell. http://www. Anna .ca/info/library/8284. Brian." Social Innovation Europre .html  sp I A solution/catalysts/initiative that targets systemic change http://www.org/pubs/Leverage_Points. "Systemic Innovation. http://www. Louise Pulford .org (0). "Collective 
Impact.Mar. "Strategic Mapping and Visual Diagnostics for Scaling Change. 26 ." iScale .net/wp-content/uploads/files/MappingMethodologies.(2010). http://www." Acenet .pdf  Kania.org/images/articles/2011_WI_Feature_Kania." HCD Connect ideo.ab. http://sigeneration. Geoff Mulgan. Jim Ritchie-Dunham.(2009). Will Norman.stanford.edu/wpcontent/uploads/2011/03/BootcampBootleg2010v2SLIM. Verna Allee. Steve.gov. http://environment.hcdconnect.2nd Editiion.socialinnovationeurope. "A Handbook for Creating Systems Maps.(2006). and Luz Maria Puente." d." Social Innovation Generation (SiG).ca/primer.ssireview.  Davies.  Meadows.doc  sp II A solution/catalyst/ initiative composed of parts from old/current systems to create systemic change. and June Holley. 6 What Might “Systemic Innovation” Be? – Part 1 Bibliography For Further Reading On And Development Of The Sub-Possibilities In Part 1  Possibility #1 A solution/catalyst/initiative designed and implemented to create systemic change  Social Innovation Generation (SiG). John . "Social Innovation Primer. "Building Smart Communities through Network Weaving.pdf  Plattner." Stanford
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Innovation
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nesta. UK: Blackwell Publishers. "Water Point Monitoring System in Machinga District. Doubleday. http://blogs.americanscientist. Brian Arthur. Griffiths.odi. www. Amadou Niang . Kickul. Jill R.uk/library/documents/Systemsinnovationv8. Bacq.  Rabbani.24  Weick. 2001. Sonia Ehrlich Sachs . 1994. Lucy McClellan .org/bookshelf/pub/an-interview-with-wbrian-arthur (accessed February 23. Vol. Making sense of the organization." Nesta. 2012." Overseas Development Institute Working Paper 285 (2008). Iss: 13.  Possibility #2 Social technology built around systems phenomena  W. Enam. Prabhjot Singh .(2009). San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers. Marie-Andrée Somers .  Mulgan. Gundry.uk/sites/odi. Jeffrey D Sachs . pp. Peter M. Oxford. Ben Nemser ..uk/files/odiassets/publications-opinion-files/833. The Fifth discipline fieldbook: strategies and tools for building a learning organization. 2013). Maria Muniz . Systems Innovation Discussion Paper (2013): 5-24.ca/africanprograms/files/2010/08/WPMonitoring-in-MachingaFinal-Report-Sep-2009. Yanis Ben-Amor.pdf  Senge.ewb.org. Adam. Paul M. "Joined Up Innovation. www.." Water Aid Malawi . Awash Teklehaimanot . Malawi. Mark D. Geoff. and John W McArthur .pdf 27 .org.org. Transformative scenario planning: working together to change the future. "The effect of an integrated multi-sector model for achieving the Millennium Development Goals and improving child survival in rural sub-Saharan Africa: a nonrandomised controlled assessment. Social and Sustainable Entrepreneurship. Karl E. Uyen Kim Huynh. New York: Currency. Ben. Cheryl A Palm1 .1 ." The Lancet 379 (2012).  sp III A set/combination of solutions/catalysts/ initiatives simultaneously implemented at multiple parts of a system to create systemic change. Part 1 2013  Lisa K. Sophie C. "Exploring the science of complexity: Ideas and implications for development and humanitarian efforts.pdf  Pronyk . Belay Begashaw. and Harry Jones. (2011) "Creating Social Change Out of Nothing: The Role of Entrepreneurial Bricolage in Social Entrepreneurs' Catalytic Innovations".  sp IV Social technology built around general systems phenomena  Ramalingam . The Nature of Technology  Scientist Online. http://www.  Kahane.

Roots of empathy: changing the world." Hind Swaraj or Indian Home Rule Navajivan Trust (1938). The web of life: a new scientific understanding of living systems. "Change Lab/Design Lab for Social Innovation.pdf  Westley.. child by child. John D.  Forrester.: Chelsea Green Pub. The Blackwell Companion to Social Movements. Sean Goebey." . "The Six or Seven Axioms of Social Change: Margaret Mead's Gift." Human Systems Dynamics Institute . Thinking in systems: a primer.  Wheatley.(2007).  Krznaric. and Kirsten Robinson. Zaid. "The Traditional Meets The Emergent: The Modernization of TGroups .  sp V Social technology built around human systems phenomena  Hassan. Ont. and Diana Wright.ca/sites/default/files/documents/Paper_FINAL_Lab%20for%20 Social%20Innovation.  Gordon.  n group dynamics: II. Mary. 2013). Donella H. Leadership and the new science: discovering order in a chaotic world. Vt." The Berkana Institute . Bob. White River Junction.  Gandhi. channels of group life. 2 (1971): 109-140.pdf  sp VI Social technology built around institutional systems phenomena  Edwards. http://sig. 116 52. New York: Anchor Books. Soule. M. 2005. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers. Oxford: Blackwell. http://berkana.org/swarajya/ch016. "How Change Happens: Interdisciplinary Perspectives for Human Development. http://www. Kristine.(2005). Fritjof. Margaret J.: Thomas Allen Publishers. pp.uwaterloo.. http://www. 2008. Frances. 1999. Toronto.org/learn-more/library/articles/Traditional-MeetsEmergent. Jay W.Mar. McCarthy (2004).pdf (accessed March 1. K.mkgandhi." Theory and Decision 2.." oxfam GB Oxfam Research Reports (2007). http://policy- 28 .org/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/Sixor-Seven-Axioms-of-Social-Change_MargaretMead. "Counterintuitive behavior of social systems.  Meadows. 2nd ed. In Snow..htm (accessed March 3. "Chapter XVI Bruteforce. and Kriesi. no. 2013). social planning  Quade.hsdinstitute. "Resources and Social Movement Mobilization". 6 What Might “Systemic Innovation” Be? – Part 1  Capra. 1996. Roman.Waterloo Institute of Social Innovation and Resilience (2012)..

http://wulrich. Peter.margaretwheatley.com/boundary_critique. Werner Ulrich's Home Page. Zaid. James C. Margaret. Los Angeles . Reflective practitioner : How professionals think in action. version of "Boundary critique.systemdynamics.T." in H. and Robert McLeod. Kathy Charmaz. Norman K. J. Re-creating the corporation: a design of organizations for the 21st century. Denzin. New York: Oxford University press. A mini-primer of boundary critique.org/conferences/2004/SDS_2004/PAPERS/220MCLE O. 1983. New Haven: Yale University Press.). Reason.oxfam.L. Flood (eds. W. Russell Lincoln.  Possibility #3 Innovation created by a system  Ackoff. Seeing like a state: how certain schemes to improve the human condition have failed." Margaret J. 41f. pg 266  Grounded Theory Methods in Social Justice Research. "Case study and grounded theory: Sharing some alternative qualitative research methodologies with systems professionals. in The Sage handbook of qualitative research. 7 (2006): 2-7. 1995 . c2011  Laws. Wheatley.html  Wholes and parts-a systems approach.  Wheatley. New York: BasicBooks. Thousand Oaks. p. Part 1 2013 practice. Calif.org. "Using Emergence to Take Social Innovations to Scale. and Deborah Frieze.G. Issue: 7. London : SAGE. IEEE Transactions on Volume: 25.. Daellenbach and R.  Ulrich. www.com/articles/emergence.  sp VII Social technology built around grounded-bounded systems phenomena  Clinical Inquiry/Research. "Connecting to Source: The U-Process. 29 . Rev. 2008." The Systems Thinker 17. first published 17 October 2005. Man and Cybernetics. 1999. Kevin . no.. (2005). Schein. Page(s): 1150 1161  sp VIII Innovation created by ecosystem-innovation:  Hassan. Boardman. 1998. in The Sage handbook of action research : participative inquiry and practice. : Sage.uk/publications/how-change-happens-interdisciplinaryperspectives-for-human-development-112539  Scott. Donald A. http://www.html. The Informed Student Guide to Management Science. 2002. Systems. London: Thomson Learning." System Dynamics Society 2004 Conference (2004). Edgar H. page 359.pdf  Schon.

ca/sites/default/files/article_PDF/Huddart_TIMReview_July2012_2. J. J. New York." Technology Innovation Management Review July (2012).inderscience.. Claus Otto.. Research Note no 2004-07A. and its relevance to developing countries. San Francisco. and Tremblay. C. Peter M.G. J. Otto.  "The 'system of innovation' approach.ottoscharmer. 2013).ca/en/about  sp XI Innovation created by a dynamic group innovation system : 30 .scidev.innoweave. "Renewing the Future: Social Innovation Systems. Elias G. Elias G.M. "The Blind Spot of Institutional Leadership: How To Create Deep Innovation Through Moving from Egosystem to Ecosystem Awareness . Université du Québec à Montréal  Huddart. and entrepreneurship for development. Joseph Jaworski. D.pdf (accessed February 11.L.  "Innoweave | About Innoweave. and David F. International Journal of Technology Management 46 (3/4).  sp IX Innovation created by a innovation-ecosystem:  Carayannis. Presence: human purpose and the field of the future." Innoweave | Practical Tools for Social Innovation.net/en/policy-briefs/the-system-of-innovationapproach-and-its-relevanc. Klein. 2004. http://www.  Carayannis. David F. http://timreview. Mode 3 knowledge production in quadruple helix innovation systems 21st-century democracy. Theory U learning from the future as it emerges : the social technology of presencing. http://www. NY: Springer. Sector Shift. 201 234 (http://www. Campbell (20 Toward a 21st Century Fractal Innovation Ecosystem. Campbell.  Senge. Otto Scharmer. pdf (accessed March 5. www. 2013). J. (2004): Innovation and Society: Broadening the Analysis of the Territorial Effects of Innovation. 2009. Cambridge.. Canada Research Chair of the Socio-Organizational Challenges of the Knowledge Economy. and Innoweave. innovation.com/docs/articles/2010_DeepInnovation_Tianjin..com/browse/index." SciDev Net.: Berrett-Koehler .Mar. and Betty Sue Flowers. 6 What Might “Systemic Innovation” Be? – Part 1  Scharmer." (2010).html  sp X Innovation created by a social innovation system :  Fontan. MA: SoL. 2012.  Scharmer.php?journalID=27&year=2009&vol=46 &issue=3/4). Stephen. Calif.

Frances.uk/library/documents/Systemsinnovationv8. www.  Westley. "The Systems Innovator: Why Successful Innovation Goes Beyond Products. 31 . "Social Entrepreneurship Leadership That Facilitates Societal Transformation An Exploratory Study.pdf (accessed February 27. Y. Cook. Peter M. Part 1 2013  Hassan. 3 (2011): 8-11. 2013).  Senge. Lua. Geoff. Bela H.  Kimball. Sarah H. "Liberating Structures A New Pattern Language for Engagement. Http://Dspace. Charlie.pdf (accessed February 27." In Social learning systems and communities of practice. Zaid. Source4B. http://www. 28(7): 1013-1034. London: Random House Business.uk/library/documents/Systemsinnovationv8. and Etienne Wenger.nesta." Nesta. 2007.com/sites/default/files/labs_for_social_change_3_4. David Brown. 2006. T.  Mulgan. 2nd ed.pdf (accessed February 26.nesta.org. "Recipes for Systemic Change. 2013). no.1/5  Banathy. New York: Plenum Press. Lisa. and Marco Steinberg." Center For Public Leadership Working Papers (2003)." OD Practitioner 43." NESTA Systems Innovation Discussion Paper (2013): 25-54. & Terence. Designing social systems in a changing world. "Joined Up Innovation. and Kirsten Robinson.(2012). 107-124.uwaterloo.Mit.  sp XII A solution that is an institutional system:  Boyer.. "Change Lab/Design Lab for Social Innovation.. L.pdf (accessed February 1. http://www. Institutional Entrepreneurship in Building an Environmental Protection System for the Peop Studies.org/peoplepods/themes/hdl/downloads/In_StudioRecipes_for_Systemic_Change. J." Helsinki Design Lab . 2010.IDEO on designing systems  Leadbeater." ." Reos Partners (2007). Letts. The fifth discipline. Bryan. Systems Innovation Discussion Paper (2013): 5-24.pdf  Child. And Christine W. William M. http://sig. http://reospartners.helsinkidesignlab. 1996.Waterloo Institute of Social Innovation and Resilience (2012).  Possibility #4 A solution that is itself a system  Alvord.ca/sites/default/files/documents/Paper_FINAL_Lab%20for%20 Social%20Innovation.org. Justin W.Edu/Bitstream/Handle/1721.  Snyder.. 2013). 2013).. Sean Goebey. "Our World as a Learning System: A Communities-of-Practice Approach. London: Springer. "Laboratories For Social Change.

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