5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16.
To demonstrate the effect of angle of launch on range of a projectile. To demonstrate that the moment of inertia of a rod changes with the change of position of a pair of equal weights attached to the rod. To study variation of volume of a gas with its pressure at constant temperature using a doctors' syringe. To demonstrate Bernoulli's theorem with simple illustrations To demonstrate that heat capacities of equal masses of different materials are different. To demonstrate free oscillations of different vibrating systems. To demonstrate resonance with a set of coupled pendulums. To demonstrate longitudinal and transverse waves. To demonstrate the phenomenon of beats, due to superposition of waves produced by two sources of sound of slightly different frequencies To demonstrate resonance using an open pipe. To demonstrate the direction of torque. To demonstrate the law of moments.
Recommended Textbooks. 1. Physics Part-I, Textbook for Class XI, Published by NCERT 2. Physics Part-II, Textbook for Class XI, Published by NCERT
Class XII (Theory)
One Paper Unit I Unit II Unit III Unit IV Unit V Unit VI Unit VII Unit VIII Unit IX Unit X Time: 3 Hours Electrostatics Current Electricity Magnetic effect of current & Magnetism Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating current Electromagnetic Waves Optics Dual Nature of Matter Atoms and Nuclei Electronic Devices Communication Systems Total Total Periods : 180 70 Marks 08 07 08 08 03 14 04 06 07 05 70
Unit I: Electrostatics
Electric Charges; Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law-force between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution. Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines, electric dipole, electric field 89
Electromagnets and factors affecting their strengths. a dipole and system of charges. Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment.principle and its applications to measure potential difference and for comparing emf of two cells. Van de Graaff generator. 90
. Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications. torque on a dipole in uniform electric fleld.
Unit II: Current Electricity
Electric current. combination of capacitors in series and in parallel.
Unit III: Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
Concept of magnetic field. moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. electric potential due to a point charge. Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron. Conductors and insulators. Cyclotron. Dielectrics and electric polarisation. Oersted’s experiment. Electric flux. temperature dependence of resistance. equipotential surfaces. magnetic field lines. energy stored in a capacitor. Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis. with examples. Internal resistance of a cell.due to a dipole. electrical resistivity and conductivity. metre bridge.magnetic substances. statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire. electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field. Para-. electrical resistance. capacitors and capacitance.and ferro . Permanent magnets. flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor.Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop. V-I characteristics (linear and non-linear). potential difference and emf of a cell. free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. potential difference. Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Potentiometer . electrical energy and power. capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates.combination of cells in series and in parallel. series and parallel combinations of resistors. Electric potential. dia.
Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire. Biot . Wheatstone bridge. mobility and their relation with electric current. drift velocity. uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside). colour code for carbon resistors. bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid. Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere. Straight and toroidal solenoids. Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field. Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field. measurement of internal resistance of a cell. Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements. Ohm’s law. Carbon resistors.
Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism. de Broglie relation. spherical mirrors. gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses. combination of a lens and a mirror. microwaves. power of a lens. Polarisation. LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only).
Unit VI: Optics
Reflection of light. induced emf and current. Magnification. LCR series circuit. infrared. Wave optics: Wave front and Huygen's principle. hypermetropia) using lenses. wattless current. Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves. Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescope. Rutherford’s model of atom. Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen's principle. Interference. Bohr model. reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wave fronts.Unit IV: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents (Periods 20)
Electromagnetic induction. Refraction of light. Scattering of light . Davisson-Germer experiment (experimental details should be omitted. Photoelectric effect.blue colour of sky and reddish apprearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset. mirror formula. Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves. Einstein’s photoelectric equation-particle nature of light. thin lens formula. Faraday’s laws. hydrogen spectrum. energy levels. only conclusion should be explained). peak and rms value of alternating current/voltage. lenses. plane polarised light. refraction at spherical surfaces. AC generator and transformer. Matter waves-wave nature of particles. visible. Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (qualitative ideas only). reactance and impedance. total internal reflection and its applications.
Unit V: Electromagnetic waves
Need for displacement current. Young's double slit experiment and expression for fringe width. width of central maximum. coherent sources and sustained interference of light. power in AC circuits. Diffraction due to a single slit. Brewster's law. uses of plane polarised light and Polaroids. combination of thin lenses in contact. lensmaker’s formula. Eddy currents. Lenz’s Law. Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers. image formation and accommodation. resonance. optical fibres. X-rays. Optical instruments : Human eye. Hertz and Lenard’s observations. Self and mutual induction. Unit VII: Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation (Periods 8) Dual nature of radiation. ultraviolet. 91
Unit VIII: Atoms & Nuclei
Alpha-particle scattering experiment. correction of eye defects (myopia. Alternating currents.
nuclear fission. semiconductor diode – I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias. I-V characteristics of LED. The Report of the project. isotopes. AND. NAND and NOR). radioactive decay law. Need for modulation. Record of at least 6 Activities [with a minimum of 3 each from section A and section B]. characteristics of a transistor. Radioactivityalpha. isobars. Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere. beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties. Mass-energy relation. to be demonstrated by the teachers. TV and digital data). insulator and semiconductor. transistor action. Production and detection of an amplitude-modulated wave. at the time of their annual examination. atomic masses. nuclear fusion. sky and space wave propagation. Junction transistor. binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number. to be performed by the students. diode as a rectifier.
Unit X: Communication Systems
Elements of a communication system (block diagram only). isotones. mass defect. Transistor as a switch. to be submitted by the students.
Unit IX: Electronic Devices
Energy bands in solids (Qualitative ideas only) conductor. Logic gates (OR. solar cell.Composition and size of nucleus. bandwidth of signals (speech. has to include
Record of at least 15 Experiments [with a minimum of 7 from section A and 8 from section B]. and Zener diode. NOT. Zener diode as a voltage regulator.
(Total Periods 60)
The record. photodiode. Total Periods : 60 8+8 Marks 6 Marks 3 Marks 5 Marks Total 30 Marks
Evaluation Scheme Two experiments one from each section Practical record [experiments & activities] Project Viva on experiments & project
. bandwidth of transmission medium. to be carried out by the students. transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator.
To find the frequency of the a. Mark the components that are not connected in proper order and correct the circuit and also the circuit diagram. 6. a fuse and a power source. To compare the emf of two given primary cells using potentiometer. To determine the internal resistance of given primary cell using potentiometer. To determine resistance of a galvanometer by half-deflection method and to find its figure of merit. key. 8. 3.
Activities (For the purpose of demonstration only)
. 2. mains with a sonometer. three (on/off) switches. To study the variation in potential drop with length of a wire for a steady current. To assemble the components of a given electrical circuit. 5. 1. 7. ammeter and voltmeter. voltage (AC/DC). 6. To measure resistance. 3. 5.c. current (AC) and check continuity of a given circuit using multimeter. To convert the given galvanometer (of known resistance and figure of merit) into an ammeter and voltmeter of desired range and to verify the same. To measure the resistance and impedance of an inductor with or without iron core. resistor/rheostat. To draw the diagram of a given open circuit comprising at least a battery. To assemble a household circuit comprising three bulbs. 4. To determine resistance per cm of a given wire by plotting a graph of potential difference versus current. To find resistance of a given wire using metre bridge and hence determine the resistively (specific resistance) of its material To verify the laws of combination (series/parallel) of resistances using a metre bridge.SECTION A
Experiments (Any 7 experiments out of the following to be performed by the students) 1. 2. 4.
To find the focal length of a concave lens. To observe diffraction of light due to a thin slit. To draw the characteristic curve of a zener diode and to determine its reverse break down voltage. To find refractive index of a liquid by using (i) concave mirror. (iii) see the unidirectional flow of current in case of a diode and an LED. diode. To find the value of v for different values of u in case of a concave mirror and to find the focal length. To draw the I-V characteristic curve of a p-n junction in forward bias and reverse bias. 8. To identify a diode an LED. Use of multimeter to (i) identify base of transistor. 2. 10. using a convex lens. To determine angle of minimum deviation for a given prism by plotting a graph between angle of incidence and angle of deviation. 5. To study the characteristic of a common . an IC.
. To determine refractive index of a glass slab using a travelling microscope. 7. 6. To find the focal length of a convex lens by plotting graphs between u and v or between 1/u and 1/v. using a convex lens. 4. 4.g. (iv) check whether a given electronic component (e.emitter npn or pnp transistor and to find out the values of current and voltage gains. 9. 7. (ii) concave mirror. 3.
3. To obtain a lens combination with the specified focal length by using two lenses from the given set of lenses. a resistor and a capacitor from a mixed collection of such items.SECTION B
Experiments (Any 8 experiments out of the following to be performed by the students) 1. 94
Activities (For the purpose of demonstration only) 1. (ii) distinguish between npn and pnp type transistors. 2.
8. (ii) convex lens and plane mirror.D. To observe refraction and lateral deviation of a beam of light incident obliquely on a glass slab. 5. transistor or IC) is in working order. To study the nature and size of the image formed by a (i) convex lens. To study effect of intensity of light (by varying distance of the source) on an L. 6.R. on a screen by using a candle and a screen (for different distances of the candle from the lens/mirror). To find the focal length of a convex mirror. To observe polarization of light using two Polaroids. a transistor.
in a circuit containing a LDR. 5. To study the variations. To study various factors on which the internal resistance/emf of a cell depends. To investigate the relation between the ratio of (i) (ii) output and input voltage and number of turns in the secondary coil and primary coil of a self designed transformer. Published by NCERT. Physics.
To find the refractive indices of (a) water (b) oil (transparent) using a plane mirror. 8.c. in the distance of a incandescent lamp (of fixed power) used to 'illuminate' the LDR. Class XI. Physics. 4. in current flowing. Part -I & II. because of a variation. when put in series with a resistor/(bulb) in a circuit fed up by an a. Published by NCERT. (a) (b) 3. source of adjustable frequency. in the power of the incandescent lamp.
10. using a hollow prism filled. with different transparent fluids.SUGGESTED INVESTIGATORY PROJECTS CLASS XII 1 2. 7. a equiconvex lens.
6. 2. saturation and active regions. To study the factor on which the self inductance of a coil depends by observing the effect of this coil. (keeping all the lamps at a fixed distance). 1. 11. To design an appropriate logic gate combination for a given truth table. To study the earth's magnatic field using a tangent galvanometer. 9. To construct a switch using a transistor and to draw the graph between the input and output voltage and mark the cut-off. To set up a common base transistor circuit and to study its input and output characteristic and to calculate its current gain. (made from a glass of known refractive index) and an adjustable object needle. Part -I & II.
To investigate the dependence of the angle of deviation on the angle of incidence. one by one. used to 'illuminate' the LDR. To estimate the charge induced on each one of the two identical styro foam (or pith) balls suspended in a vertical plane by making use of Coulomb's law. Class XII.
. Recommended Textbooks.