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Computer Case

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3/7/13

Computer Case
AComputer Case(also known as a

"Computer Chassis", "Cabinet", "Box", "Tower", "Enclosure", "Housing", "System Unit", "Base Unit" or simply "Case") components of acomputer(usually excluding the display, keyboard and mouse).

Is the enclosure that contains most of the

A computer case is sometimes incorrectly

referred tometonymously as aCPUreferring to a component housed within the case. CPU was a common term in the earlier days of 3/7/13

Contd
Cases are usually constructed

fromsteel(often SECC Steel, Electrogalvanized, Cold rolled, Coil) oraluminum.Plasticis sometimes used, and other materials such aswoodand evenLegoblocks have appeared in homebuilt cases.

Cases can come in many different sizes

(known asform factors). The size and shape of a computer case is usually determined by the form factor of themotherboard, since it is 3/7/13 largest component of most computers. the

Example of Computer Case

anATXmotherboard and power supply may

take on several external forms, such as a verticaltower(designed to sit on the floor, height > width).

flatdesktop(height < width) orpizza

box(height 2inches, designed to sit on the desk under the computer'smonitor).


Full-size tower cases are typically larger in

volume than desktop cases, with more room fordrive baysandexpansion slots.
3/7/13 andmini-towercases designed for the

Major component locations

Themotherboardis usually screwed to the

case along its largest face, which could be the bottom or the side of the case depending on the form factor and orientation. panel with cut-out holes to exposeI/O portsprovided byintegrated peripherals, as well as expansion slotswhich may optionally expose additional ports provided byexpansion cards.

Form factors such asATXprovide a back

Thepower supply unitis often housed at the 3/7/13

Sample of full tower case

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