P. 1
Kumpulan Soal Mekrek

Kumpulan Soal Mekrek

5.0

|Views: 1,082|Likes:
Published by Widya Apriani

More info:

Published by: Widya Apriani on Mar 08, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOCX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

06/12/2015

pdf

text

original

Kumpulan Soal Mekanika Rekayasa 1 dan 2

Page 1

KUMPULAN SOAL DAN PENYELESAIAN

MEKANIKA REKAYASA

1 DAN 2

Kumpulan Soal Mekanika Rekayasa 1 dan 2

Page 2

G E R B E R

Kumpulan Soal Mekanika Rekayasa 1 dan 2

Page 3

16,33kN

JAWABAN :

Ms Kiri

A

B

S

C

D

q = 4 kN/m

8 m

2 m

6 m

4 m

P = 8 kN

P = 5 kN

BMD

A

B S

C

D

33,32 kNm

2,64 kNm

-7,99 kN

-33,32 kN

-0,02 kNm

+

-

0,33 kN

- 8 kN

-13,327 kN

2,677 kN

5,33 kN

SFD

S O A L 1

Kumpulan Soal Mekanika Rekayasa 1 dan 2

Page 4

Rav.10+Rbv.2-4(8)(6)-4(2)(1) = 0

Rav.10+Rbv.2-192-8 = 0

Rav.10+Rbv.2 = 200……………………….(1)

Ms Kanan
-8(10)+Rcv.6 = 0
80= Rcv.6
Rcv = 13.333 kN

∑H = 0
Rah-5 =0
Rah = 5

∑V = 0

Rav+Rbv+Rcv-4(10)-8 = 0
Rav+Rbv+13,33-40-8 =0

Rav+Rbv = 34,67 kN………………..(2)

Eliminasi (1) dan (2)
10.Rav +2.Rbv = 200 ..……………………..(1)
Rav + Rbv = 34,67 ………………..……..(2)

10.Rav +2.Rbv = 200 ..……………………..(1)
2.Rav +2.Rbv = 69.34 ………………..……..(2)

8.Rav = 130.66

Rav

= 16.333 kN

Menentukan Rbv

Rav + Rbv = 34,67 ………………..……..(2)
16.333 + Rbv = 34,67
Rbv = 18.34 kN

Kumpulan Soal Mekanika Rekayasa 1 dan 2

Page 5

GAYA-GAYA DALAM

INTERVAL

MOMEN

LINTANG

A – B

0 - 8

Mx = Rav.x –

qx2

= 16.333 x -

(4)

x2

= 16.333 x - 2

x2

x = 0 M0 = 0

x = 4 M4 = 33,332 kNm

x = 8 M8 = 2,64 kNm

Dx =

= 16,333 – 4x

x = 0 D0 = 16.333 kN

x = 4 D4 = 0,33 kN

x = 8 D8 = -15,677 kN

B – S

8 - 10

Mx = Rav.x –

qx2

+ Rbv.(x-8) –

q(x-8)2

=

16.333 x -

(4)

x2

+ 18.34(x-8) -

(4) (x-8)2

= 16.333x - 2x2

+ 18.34(x-8) – 2(x-8)2

= 16.333x- 2x2

+ 18.34x – 146,72 – 2(X2

- 16x +64)

= 16.333x - 2x2

+ 18.34x – 146,72 – 2X2

+ 32x – 128

= - 4x2

+ 66.673 x -274.72

x = 8 M8 = 2,64 kNm

x = 10 M10 = -7,99 kNm

= Dx =

= -8x + 66.673

x = 8 D8 = 2,673 kNm

x = 10 D10 = -13.327 kNm

D – C

0 - 4

Mx = -8x

x = 0 M0 = 0 kNm

x = 4 M4 = -32 kNm

Dx = -8

x = 0 M0 = -8 kNm

x = 4 M4 = -8 kNm

Kumpulan Soal Mekanika Rekayasa 1 dan 2

Page 6

C – S

4 - 10

Mx = -8x + Rcv (x-4)

= -8x + Rcv.x -4Rcv

= -8x + 13,333x – 4(13,333)

= 5,333x – 53,332

x = 4 M4 = -32 kNm

x = 10 M10 = -0.02 kNm

Dx =

Dx = 5,333

x = 4 M4 = 5,333 kNm

x = 10 M10 = 5,333 kNm

Kumpulan Soal Mekanika Rekayasa 1 dan 2

Page 7

P O R T A L

Kumpulan Soal Mekanika Rekayasa 1 dan 2

Page 8

P=5 KN

3 m

3 m

1 m

A

B

C

D

Q=2 KN/m

RAV

RBV

RAH

Contoh 2: Hitung dan gambarkan diagram gaya-
gaya

dalam yang terjadi pada Struktur Portal berikut ini.

PENYELESAIAN :
a. Menghitung Reaksi Perletakan:

0

H


KN

R

R

P

AH

AH

5

0

0

A

M

0

3.
5

5,

1.

3.
2

1.

3.

BH

BV

R

R

kN

RBV

3

29

0

B

M

0

5,

1.

3.
2

4.
5

3.

AV

R

)

(

3

11

kN

RAV

0

V

3.

Q

R

R

BV

AV

KN

RAV

6

3

29

3

11

S O A L 1

Kumpulan Soal Mekanika Rekayasa 1 dan 2

Page 9

Q2 = 2

29/3

P=5

29/3

11/3

11/3

0

11/3

29/3

5

15

FBD

5

20

5

20

5

b. Free Body Diagram dan Perhitungan GGD:

Tabel Gaya-Gaya Dalam:

Bagian/

Interval

Momen

(M)

Geser

(V)

Normal
(N)

A - C

0 - 3

(dari
kiri)

0

X

M

0

0

A

M

X

0

3

C

M

X

0

dx

dMX

3

11

X

N

C - D

0 - 3

(dari

2

5,
0

3

/
11

X

Q

X

0

0

C

M

X

20

3

D

M

X

QX

dx

dMX

3/
11

0

0

C

V

X

Nx = -5

Kumpulan Soal Mekanika Rekayasa 1 dan 2

Page 10

kiri)

3/
29

3

D

V

X

Tdk Ada Mmak

B - D

0 – 4

4.

BH

X

R

M

0

0

B

M

X

20

4

D

M

X

5

X

V

3/
29

X

N

c. Diagram Gaya-Gaya Dalam:

BMD

15

A

B

C

D

15

2

NFD

8

A

B

C

D

5

SFD

A

B

2

D

C

8

Kumpulan Soal Mekanika Rekayasa 1 dan 2

Page 11

PENYELESAIAN

∑ H = 0
RBH – 2.3 = 0
RBH = 6 t (→)

∑ MB = 0
RAV.6 – 5.2.5 -10.2 – 2.3.1,5 = 0
RAV.6 – 50 – 20 – 9 = 0
RAV = 79/6 = 13,11 t

∑ MA = 0
RBV.6 - RBH.1 + 2.3.2,5 + 10.4 – 5.2.1 = 0
RBV.6 – 6.1 – 15 – 40 – 10 = 0
RBV = 41/6 = 6,8 t

Q1 = 5 t/m

P = 10 t

Q2 = 2t/m

E

A

C

D

F

B

3 m

1 m

2 m

2 m

2 m

RBV

RBH

RAV

S O A L 2

Kumpulan Soal Mekanika Rekayasa 1 dan 2

Page 12

DIAGRAM BENDA BEBAS

E

A

C

D

F

B

3 m

1 m

6,8

6

13,11

Q1 = 5 t/m

P = 10 t

13,11

13,11

6,8

6

0

9

6,8

0

Kumpulan Soal Mekanika Rekayasa 1 dan 2

Page 13

Tabel Gaya-Gaya Dalam:

Bagian/

Interval

Momen

(M)

Geser

(V)

Normal (N)

A - C

0 - 4

0

X

M

0

0

A

M

X

0

3

C

M

X

0

dx

dMX

NA-C = 13,11

B - F

0 - 3

Mx =6x – ½ Qx2

kNm

M

X

M

X

F

B

9

3

0

0

)
6( QX

dx

dM

X

)

2
6( X

dx

dMX

6

0

B

V

X

0

3

FV

X

NB-F = -6,8

C - D

0 – 2

2

2

1

11
.
13

qx

x

MX

0

0

C

M

X

2

)2
)(
5(

2

1

)2(
11
.
13

2

D

M

X

x

VX

)
2
)(
5(

2

1

11
.
13

11
.
13

0

C

V

X

11
.3

2

D

V

X

0

D

C

N

D – E

0 - 2

Mx = 13.11(x+2)-10(x+1)

34
.
16

)

2(
10

2)
11
.
13
(

0

D

M

X

68
.
22

)3(
10

)
4

)(

11
.
13
(

2

E

M

X

10

11
.
13

X

V

VC-D = 3.17

N D-E = 0

F – E

0 - 2

Mx = 6.83 x + 9

9

0

F

M

X

68
.
22

2

E

M

X

83
.6

X

V

V F – E = -6.83

N F-E = -0

Kumpulan Soal Mekanika Rekayasa 1 dan 2

Page 14

DIAGRAM BIDANG MOMEN (BMD)

DIAGRAM BIDANG GESER (SFD)

E

A

C

D

F

B

E

A

C

D

F

B

Kumpulan Soal Mekanika Rekayasa 1 dan 2

Page 15

DIAGRA BIDANG NORMAL (NFD)

E

A

C

D

F

B

Kumpulan Soal Mekanika Rekayasa 1 dan 2

Page 16

Kumpulan Soal Mekanika Rekayasa 1 dan 2

Page 17

PORTAL TIGA SENDI

Kumpulan Soal Mekanika Rekayasa 1 dan 2

Page 18

Gambar 5.4 Diagram gaya-gaya dalam portal sendi-rol akibat beban merata dan beban lateral
terpusat

Struktur portal tiga sendi dengan ukuran dan pembebanan seperti Gambar di bawah, hitunglah :

1. Reaksi Perletakan
2. Persamaan Gaya-Gaya Dalam dan Diagram Benda Bebas (FBD)
3. Diagram Gaya-Gaya Dalam (Momen, Geser, dan Normal)

P = 5kN

Q1 = 5 kN/m

Q2 = 3 kN/m

A

C

S

D

B

E

4 m

2 m

2 m

2 m

4 m

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->