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3 Transport System in Plants


1. Plants, like human beings, need a transport system to transport substances. 2. Water and food are carried from one part of a plant to other parts.

Transport Tissues in Plants


1.

The transport system in plants is made up of xylem and phloem tissues. They are found in the roots, stems and leaves.

2.

Transport Tissues in Plants


3. Xylem tissues
are made up of xylem vessels. These are dead cells with

no nucleus nor cytoplasm.


form long tubes with thick walls.
form the woody tissues of plants and give support. transport water and dissolved minerals (absorbed by

the root hairs) from the roots, up the stems and to the leaves.

Transport Tissues in Plants


4. Phloem tissues
are made up of living cells. The cells are arranged in

tubes with walls separating them.


Transport food substances (glucose) from the leaves to

the stems and roots.


5. Xylem and phloem tissues form vascular bundles.

Transport Tissues in Plants

Transport Tissues in Plants

Transpiration
1.

In the morning, the stem of a plant is upright and the leaves are well spread out. This is because the cells are turgid.
In the afternoon, the stem is no longer upright and leaves droop or wilt. This is because there is not enough water inside the plant. A plant wilts when it is losing more water to the surrounding than it is absorbing from the soil.

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4. About 90% of the water absorbed by a plant is lost as water

vapour to the environment. This water evaporates from the leaf surfaces.

Transpiration
5. On the upper and lower surfaces of the leaf are tiny

pores called stomata (singular : stoma). There are usually more stomata on the lower surface of a leaf than on the upper surface.
6. Transpiration is defined as the loss of water in the

form of water vapour.


7. The water vapour evaporates from the stomata of a

plant.

Transpiration
8. A stoma is a tiny pore between two bean-shaped cells called guard cells. The guard cells control the opening and closing of the stoma.

9. The stomata of plants are usually open during the day to allow the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide during photosynthesis and respiration.

Transpiration