CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA - VERBUL/ CUPRINS

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CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA - VERBUL
Asist uni. Georgeta Obilisteanu Lect.univ. Marioara Patesan 1. CUVÂNT INAINTE 2. LECTIA I - TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICATIV 3. LECTIA II - CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR 4. LECTIA III - MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRAZELE CONDITIONALE 5. LECTIA IV - VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRECTA 6. LECTIA V - DIATEZA PASIVA 7. LECTIA VI - VERBELE MODALE 8. LECTIA VII - MODUL SUBJONCTIV 9. LECTIA VIII - MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI CONSTRUCTIILE VERBALE 10. LECTIA IX - CHEIA EXERCITIILOR 10.1 Timpurile modului 10.2. Exercitii cu concordanta timpurilor 10.3. Exercitii cu fraze conditionale 10.4. Exercitii cu vorbirea directa si indirecta 10.5. Exercitii cu diateza pasiva 10.6. Exercitii cu verbe modale 10.7. Exercitii cu modul subjonctiv 10.8. Exercitii cu constructii verbale 11. LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE

CUVÂNT INAINTE

Verbul constituie coloana vertebrala a unei limbi. Cartea „Curs practic de limba engleza – verbul" (cu exercitii si cheie) cuprinde o parte teoretica – prezentarea clara si sistematica a modurilor, timpurilor, concordantei timpurilor, verbelor modale si a altor probleme legate de verbul englez (cu exemple si traducere), precum si o parte practica cu exercitii la fiecare capitol si la sfârsitul cartii au fost incluse cheia exercitiilor si lista verbelor neregulate intâlnite in cadrul exemplelor si exercitiilor. Prezentarea teoretica a problemelor este facuta in limba româna. Cursul se adreseaza studentilor incepatori si intermediari din anii I si II de studiu, precum si cursantilor adulti, cu conditia ca acestia sa aiba cunostinte anterioare, chiar sumare, de limba engleza.

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Negativ I am not working. You are not (aren’t) working. He/she/it is not (isn’t) working. We are not (aren’t) working. You are not (aren’t) working. They are not (aren’t) working. Interogativ Am I working? Are we working? Are you working? Are you working? Is he/she/it working? Are they working? Present Tense Simple se foloseste pentru a arata o actiune in plina desfasurare in momentul prezent. Ex. Where are you going? I am going to school. De asemenea poate arata o actiune care se desfasoara pe timp limitat in perioada prezenta. Ex.: I go to school by bus this week. My father is taking me in his car. Uneori se poate folosi timpul Present Tense Continuous cu adverbul always, pentru a arata o actiune repetata. In acest caz, exista o conotatie afectiva (nemultumire) sau actiunea respectiva este caracteristica pentru acea persoana. Ex. You are always losing your things. You are always grumbling when I ask you to help me in the kitchen. Exercitii cu Present Simple si Present Continuous 1. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii (Present Simple) la interogativ si negativ: Nota: Verbul „to have", atunci când nu inseamna „a avea, a poseda", ci este parte dintr-o expresie (to have breakfast, to have a shower, to have a party), formeaza negativul si interogativul cu ajutorul auxiliarului „to do". I love my brother. She talks too much. I understand you. You play the piano very well. I always believe you. He remembers my phone number. They live in Bucharest. He has a hot bath every day. I trust my friend. I have lunch at one o’clock.

LECTIA I TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICATIV Exista doua aspecte in limba engleza: simplu si continuu. In general, timpurile simple se folosesc atunci când accentul se pune pe actiunea propriu-zisa, iar timpurile continue se folosesc atunci când accentul se pune pe durata actiunii, pe perioada de timp in care aceasta are loc. In explicarea intrebuintarii timpurilor continue se va intâlni formularea „actiune in plina desfasurare". Aceasta inseamna ca actiunea a inceput inainte de momentul la care se face referire si va continua dupa acel moment. Exista un numar de verbe in limba engleza care nu se folosesc la forma continua, deoarece ideea de durata e inclusa in continutul lor semantic. Ex. to want, to like, to dislike, to understand, to owe, to matter, to love, to hate, to belong, to believe, to remember, to know. A. Present Tense Simple Afirmativ Negativ I work I do not (don’t) work You work You do not (don’t) work He/she/it works He/she/it does not (doesn’t) work We work We do not (don’t) work You work You do not (don’t) work They work They do not (don’t) work Interogativ Do I work? Do we work? Do you work? Do you work? Does he/she/it work? Do they work? Present Tense Simple se foloseste pentru a arata o actiune regulata, obisnuita, in perioada prezenta. Ex. What do you do? (Cu ce te ocupi?) I am a student. What time do you usually have breakfast? Present Tense Continuous Se conjuga verbul „to be" la timpul prezent si se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. Afirmativ I am working We are working. You are working You are working He/she/it is working They are working

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

2. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii (Present Continuous) la negativ si interogativ:

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CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 3 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 4 of 18 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. It is raining. I am having a walk. He is telling the truth. You are typing a letter. They are swimming in the river. My friend is wearing a new dress. My mother is resting. We are studying English. Ann is knitting. The child is learning to play the piano.

I (think) of my mother just now. 7. You (know) what time is it? 4. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. Iarna ninge. Duminica el nu se scoala devreme. Eu nu studiez seara. Ce faci? Citesti sau privesti la televizor? Secretara tocmai bate la masina un referat. Ea merge la cumparaturi sâmbata. Acum imi fac temele la engleza. Nu-mi place cafeaua. Ce carte citesti? La ce ora se scoala John dimineata? Ce faci tu in zilele libere? Cui ii telefonezi? El nu merge la scoala cu metroul, merge pe jos. De ce deschizi fereastra? Adesea citesc carti englezesti. Ea isi face bagajul. Cât de des le scrii parintilor tai? Când merg la mare imi place sa inot mult. Clientul tocmai isi alege o pereche de pantofi. B. Past Tense Simple Past Tense Simple se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei – ed in cazul verbelor regulate. Ex. to work – worked Daca verbul este neregulat, Past Tense trebuie invatat din tabelul de verbe neregulate care indica cele trei forme de baza ale verbului: forma I – infinitiv, forma II- Paste Tense, forma III – participiul trecut. Ex. to speak – spoke – spoken Afirmativ

3. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Present Simple sau la Present Continuous: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. I (not go) shopping because it (rain). What you (do) on Sundays? He usually (drink) coffee but now he (drink) tea. In England it often (rain). I (not like) that boy. He usually (speak) so quickly that I (not understand) him. You (like) this book? You (dream) at night?

Yes, I (dream) every night. 1. I can’t answer the phone now because I (cook). 2. How you usually (get) to work? I usually (go) by bus, but now I (take) a taxi because I am late. 1. The manager can’t receive you now as he (have) an interview. 2. You (write) to John now? Yes, I (be). I always (write) to him on his birthday. 1. Where you (hurry)? To the theatre, as I (not want) to miss the first act. 1. She always (borrow) books from me and never (remember) to give them back. 2. You (go) to work every day? Yes, of course, except Saturdays and Sundays. 3. Why you (smoke) so much? 4. Who you (wait) for? I (wait) for John, but he is late, as usual. 5. I always (have) a rest after lunch. 6. What you (think) of?

worked I/you/he/she/it/we/they spoke Negativ work I/you/he/she/it/we/they did not speak

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CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 5 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 6 of 18 Interogativ work? Did I/you/he/she/it/we/they speak? Forma prescurtata a lui did not este didn’t (I didn’t work). Past Tense Simple arata o actiune trecuta, terminata, efectuata intr-o perioada de timp trecuta, terminata. Este timpul de naratiune. Se traduce, de obicei, cu perfectul compus. Ex. Yesterday I went for a walk. (Ieri am mers al plimbare.) Last year I travelled to England. (Anul trecut am calatorit in Anglia.) Past Tense Continuous Se formeaza prin conjugarea verbului „to be" la trecut (Past Tense) si adaugarea formei ing a verbului de conjugat. Afirmativ I was working We were working You were working You were working He/she/it was working They were working Negativ I was not working We were not working You were not working You were not working He/she/it was not working They were not working Formele prescurtate sunt: was not – wasn’t I wasn’t working. were not – weren’t They weren’t working. Interogativ Was I working? Were we working? Were you working? Were you working? Was he/she/it working? Were they working? Arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intr-un moment din trecut. Se traduce, de obicei, cu imperfectul. Ex. This time yesterday, I was watching TV. (Ieri pe vremea asta priveam la televizor.) Adesea, in aceeasi fraza, este posibil sa apara un verb folosit la Past Continuous si un verb folosit la Past Simple. In acest caz, verbul la Past Continuous (tradus cu imperfectul), reprezinta fundalul de timp pe care se petrece actiunea exprimata de Past Simple (tradus cu perfectul compus). Ex. While I was crossing the street, I met John. Este, de asemenea, posibil sa apara intr-o fraza timpul Past Continuous in mod repetat. In aceasta situatie, ambele verbe se traduc cu imperfectul, ele aratând actiuni paralele, in plina desfasurare, intr-un moment trecut. Ex. While John was reading, his sister was watching TV. (In timp ce John citea, sora lui privea la televizor.) Exercitii cu Past Tense Simple si Continuous 1. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii la Past Tense Simple: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. I sleep until 9 o’clock every day. He meets John on Sundays. You speak English well. You drink too much. You ask too many questions. I play football. I own two umbrellas. I like to have a coffee in the morning. That sounds interesting. I always make cakes on Sundays.

1. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii la negativ si interogativ: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. He thought about you. They drank all the wine. I hated him. He changed his library book every day. I sold my car. We worked very hard. He came home late. I enjoyed travelling. He translated the text. He forbade her to do this.

1. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Tense Simple sau Continuous: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. When you (come in), I talk on the phone. When I first (meet) him, he (work) in a bank. While he (learn) to drive, he (have) an accident. As I (write), someone (ring up). Where you (go) when I (meet) you? What you (do) this time yesterday? When I (enter) the classroom, the teacher (write) on the blackboard. When I (arrive), she (have) dinner. This time last Sunday, I (watch) a film on TV. He suddenly (realize) that he (not wear) his glasses.

1. Traduceti in limba engleza:

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Când te-ai intors de la munte? Când ai cumparat acest televizor? Ieri mi-am pierdut manusile. El a dat primul examen saptamâna trecuta. intereseaza in prezent. Page 8 of 18 1. eu conduceam masina spre Sinaia.. Acum doua zile am cazut si mi-am rupt piciorul. folosirea lui este insotita de adverbe precum: today. (Am vazut doua filme saptamâna aceasta. folosirea timpului verbal este conditionata de momentul in care se face afirmatia. 8. Ex. 4. 10. 12. Timpul Present Perfect Simple se foloseste in urmatoarele situatii: l l Ex.. ora 10 a. 13.actrus. nu se poate folosi timpul Present Perfect.html 5 of 42 12/15/04 . (Nu l-am vazut pe John de doua luni. 15. arata o actiune trecuta. la care se adauga forma a treia (participiul trecut) a verbului de conjugat. Baietii jucau carti când l-au auzit pe tatal lor intrând in casa. ever. arata o actiune inceputa in trecut care continua pâna in prezent. I lost my umbrella yesterday. timp de). terminata.m. 7. Ex. incepând din) si for (de.. Interogativ Have I worked? Has he/she/it worked? Timpul Present Perfect este un timp de relatie. (Nu l-am vazut pe John din septembrie. just. never. (Il cunosc pe John de doi ani. M-am sculat târziu ieri dimineata.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA. 21.actrus. I haven’t seen John for two months. 16. Page 7 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA. He/she/it has not (hasn’t) worked. Ai dormit bine noaptea trecuta? Ieri nu am mers la bazinul de inot. Ex. Ei au ascuns imediat cartile si si-au scos manualele de scoala. When did you see Hamlet? I saw it last week. always.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. Ieri pe vremea asta ploua.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. daca aceasta este in cursul diminetii (pâna la ora 12) sau dupa amiaza. Unde ti-ai petrecut concediul vara trecuta? Ieri m-am sculat devreme. De asemenea. Cu acest sens se folosesc de obicei prepozitiile since (din. ora 2 p. C. 17. Trebuie sa-mi cumpar una noua. dintr-un motiv sau altul. 19.. I must buy a new one. mi-am luat micul dejun si apoi am plecat la scola. se foloseste Past Simple. Duminica trecuta prietenii mei au jucat sah. Adverbe de timp neprecizat care se aseaza intre auxiliar si verb: often.) Trebuie precizat faptul ca. this month. daca se pune o intrebate referitoare la trecut care incepe cu „when". Batea un vânt puternic când am iesit din casa. Se foloseste cu adverbe de timp neprecizat care leaga trecutul de prezent. intrucât „when" reprezinta un moment precizat in trecut.) I have known John for two years. Ce faceai martea trecuta la ora 7 dimineata? Ma pregateam sa merg la facultate. Saptamâna trecuta am fost bolnav si nu am mers la scoala.) l arata o actiune trecuta. I haven’t got up early this morning. already. 11. El arata o legatura intre trecut si momentul prezent. Timpul Present Perfect nu poate fi folosit cu un adverb de timp precizat in trecut. nu mai poate fi folosit timpul Present Perfect. Present Perfect Simple Timpul Present Perfect Simple se formeaza prin conjugarea verbului „to have" la prezent. Ex.m. daca se mentioneaza momentul trecut in care a avut loc actiunea care intereseaza in prezent sau care are rezultate in prezent. In acest caz. (Mi-am pierdut umbrela. Soarele nu a apus la ora 8 aseara.) I haven’t seen John since September. In timp ce imi cautam pasaportul am gasit aceasta fotografie veche. 2. 14. Have you seen Hamlet? (Ai vazut Hamlet?) I have lost my umbrella . 18. 5. this year. efectuata intr-o perioada de timp neterminata. care are rezultate in prezent sau care. 20. Ex.) Daca adverbul de timp este „this morning". Traducerea celor doua propozitii in limba româna este identica. 6. seldom. In acest caz. Nu m-am sculat devreme azi dimineata.) I have known John since 1990. 9. this week. http://quintet. I have seen two films this week. Afirmativ I have worked We have worked You have worked You have worked He/she/it has worked They have worked Negativ I have not (haven’t) worked. I must buy a new one. I didn’t get up early this morning. Cine a câstigat meciul alaltaieri? In timp ce ploua.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 3. (Il cunosc pe John din 1990. 22.

html 12/15/04 http://quintet.html 6 of 42 . 19.) Dupa cum se poate observa. I (buy) a new house. 11. 2. 4. 18. I am not out of work now. Page 9 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. Have you ever been to England? (Ai fost vreodata in Anglia?) No. I’m tired of it. You (be) out of work long? 5. 15. I (try) last year but I (not succeed). 12/15/04 http://quintet. 14. 12. Exercitii cu Present Perfect Simple si Continuous 1. I (lose) my pen. (El nu s-a intors inca acasa. I (shop) all day and I want to have a rest now. Folositi Present Perfect Simple in locul infinitivelor din paranteze: 1.m.actrus. I haven’t. Ex.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. 4. 20. 17. Present Perfect Continuous Se formeaza cu Present Perfect Simple al verbului „to be". You ever (drive) a car? He always (rely on) his friend. 7. 3. (Nu l-am vazut in ultimul timp.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA. Your ever (try) to give up smoking? Yes. sa continue si in viitor. Afirmativ I have been working We have been working You have been working You have been working He/she/it has been working They have been working Negativ I have not (haven’t) been working. 9. I already (see) this film. 8.) I haven’t seen him lately. care continua in prezent. If it doesn’t stop soon. Yes. vom avea inundatii.actrus. 16. I have never been to England. Page 10 of 18 Ex. (Sunt obosit pentru ca am muncit toata ziua. The radio (play) since 7 a. It has been raining for three hours. 5.. 6. 10. thank you. 5.. I (get) a job last month. Adverbe de timp neprecizat care stau la sfârsitul propozitiei: lately. He (fish) for two hours but he (catch) nothing yet.. she (leave) for Brasov a week ago. You (read) Sorescu’s last book? You (pay) the telephone bill? He (not go) to bed yet. she (try) to make trouble. 2. Folositi Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous in locul infinitivelor din paranteze: 1. se poate traduce cu prezentul sau cu perfectul compus din limba româna. cu accent pe durata. intre un moment trecut si prezent. Interogativ Have I been working? Has he been working? Timpul Present Perfect Continuous arata o actiune in plina desfasurare. (Ploua de trei ore. 12. How long you (live) here? I (live) here for one year. She (change) a lot since I (see) her last. 8. When you (use) it last? 2. timpul Present Perfect Simple se traduce in româneste fie cu prezentul. 21. We (know) each other for several years. 3. He (sleep) for 10 hours now. 1. It (not rain) since December. 4. Ex. 22. fie cu perfectul compus. yet (in propozitii negative). You (water) the flowers? He just (leave) home. Folositi Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau Past Tense Simple in locul infinitivelor: 1. He (not come) home yet. I (lend) him some money today. You (visit) the Village Museum? You ever (eat) caviar? I (not write) to my friend for three months. I (not be) to the seaside this year. 6. You (not see) it anywhere? No. I (do) a lot of work since I (get up) in the morning. When are you going to do it? Ever since that woman came to work here. Would you like a cake? No.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. I am tired because I have been working all day. 7. How many dishes you (cook)? Why you (be) in the garden so long? I (water) the flowers. 11. How long you (wear) glasses? I (cook) all the morning. I (ask) you to clean your room for two days. we shall have floods. Daca nu se opreste in curând. There isn’t any train service because the engine – drivers (go) on strike. Ex. It’s time we woke him up. I (wear) my hair long since I (be) a little girl. poate arata probabilitatea ca actiunea inceputa in trecut. 13. 8..) Ca si Present Perfect Simple. 1. I have often been to England. You (see) your mother this week? No. in functie de context. 6. He has not (hasn’t) been working. He hasn’t returned home yet. You must come and see it. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. 10. 3. 9. Where you (be)? I (be) to the market. 7. I just (have) one.) De asemene.

actrus. am mers arareori pe jos la slujba. Ex. After they (finish) dinner. a plecat acum o ora. (Ieri la ora 9 luasem micul dejun. 20. când in aceeasi fraza in propozitia principala se afla un verb la Past Tense. acest timp se poate traduce cu mai mult ca perfectul. he got bored..ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. Page 11 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. 3.. 7. She said she already (be) to England. He (be) very ill since the holidays (begin). 6. l-am luat la ora 8. De asemenea. they drank some coffee.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. La ce te-ai uitat? A fost un accident. 8. Trebuie sa-l inlocuim. Interogativ Had I been working? Aceste forme se pastreaza la toate persoanele.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat.html 7 of 42 12/15/04 . When he entered the room. I had finished writing my homework. am petrecut o luna aici. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Perfect Simple: 1.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. acum doi ani. Interogativ Had I worked? Acest timp are aceeasi forma la toate persoanele. Cu cine ai votat la ultimele alegeri? Nu am mers la vot. 23.) When you rang me up. este vorba de o relatie intre doua momente trecute. ea batea la masina de o ora. un verb de relatie. The child (play) the piano since I (return) from school. Ex. Am stat acasa si nu am regretat nici o clipa. (Când mi-ai telefonat.) He said it had been raining for three days. 17. she had been typing for one hour.) After John had been watching TV for 10 minutes. (Dupa ce John privise (a privit) la televizor 10 minute. Timpul Past Perfect Continuous arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intre doua momente trecute. Se poate traduce cu mai mult ca perfectul sau perfectul compus. 9. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind Past Tense Simple sau Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous: 1. Afirmativ I had been working. la care se adauga forma III (past participle) a verbului de conjugat. Ai vazut ziarul de azi? A plecat John? Da. s-a plictisit. 25. Negativ I had not (hadn’t) worked. El a scris numai doua scrisori de când a plecat in strainatate. Ai mai fost in acest oras? Da. Afirmativ I had worked. ca si Present Perfect. Arata o actiune trecuta care a avut loc inaintea unei alte actiuni sau a unui moment din trecut. It (rain) since we (leave) Bucharest. (Când el a intrat in camera. Este. 16. Past Perfect Simple Se formeaza cu verbul „to have" la Past Tense Simple. 10. 13.. 24. El este ministru de doi ani. 18. Negativ I had not (hadn’t) been working. Past Perfect Continuous Se formeaza cu Past Perfect Simple al verbului „to be". 2.. Ninge de doua ore. 11.) Dupa cum se observa. De când mi-am cumparat masina. 10. 22. 15. De cât timp inveti engleza? Vremea s-a incalzit in ultimul timp. 14. 11. echivalentul in limba româna al acestui timp este mai mult ca perfectul. dar. D. Past Perfect Continuous poate prelua functiile lui Present Perfect Cotinuous in propozitia secundara. 1. Page 12 of 18 9. Ti-ai luat deja micul dejun? Da.) Ca sens. 19. 21. perfectul compus sau imperfectul din limba româna. 4. Mergem pe jos de la ora 3. in acest caz. Yesterday at 9 o’clock I had had breakfast. 12. Am mers pe jos 10 km pâna acum. Traduc un text de doua ore si nu l-am terminat inca. (El a spus ca ploua de trei zile. 2. Cine te-a invatat sa vorbesti engleza atât de bine? Unde ti-ai petrecut vacanta anul acesta? M-am gândit adesea sa-mi iau carnet de conducere. 5. http://quintet. Ei lucreaza la aceasta casa de un an si nu au terminat-o inca. Exercitii cu Past Simple si Continuous 1. Un copil a spart geamul.actrus. terminasem de scris temele.

You will be going. 5. 4. 12/15/04 http://quintet. 9. The professor (speak) for 10 minutes when I (enter) the hall. mother (cook) for two hours. 10. 2. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. 8. http://quintet. When she decided to have a rest. she (write) letters for one hour. She discovered her child (not tell) the truth. iar pentru „will not" este won’t. When I called on her unexpectedly. He (tell) me he (be) to the theatre the day before. I (return) from school. Page 13 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. she (study) the subject for a week. El mi-a multumit pentru ceea ce facusem pentru el. When she sat for the exam. 9. Afirmativ I (shall) will go We (shall) will go You will go You will go He/she/it will go They will go Negativ I (shall) will not go We (shall) will not go You will not go You will not go He/she/it will not go They will not go Forma scurta pentru „shall not" este shan’t. 10. 7. We (shall) will be going.. Page 14 of 18 3. The river became deeper after it (rain) heavily for a few hours. I (ring up) him and (congratulate) him. He asked me whether I (meet) John before. 5. a inmânat-o profesorului. she felt chilly. 4. After we (walked) for an hour. Ei au calatorit in multe tari dupa ce s-au casatorit.html 12/15/04 1. When we reached the top. We were shocked to hear she (not pass) the exam. He/she/it will not be going. When we arrived at Sinaia.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. 7. 7. We (shall) will not be going. I realized she (have) a party. 6.html 8 of 42 . 5. mi-am dat seama ca imi lasasem poseta acasa. We (ask) him what countries he (visit).. 8. 1. He told me he (catch) some fish on that day. 5. When I rang her up. After John (listen to) the news bulletin. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind Past Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau Past Tense Simple: 1. 6. You will not be going. When I (find out) he (get married). 1. When I arrived home. 7. 3. will la persoana II si III. 4.) Future Continuous Se formeaza cu viitorul simplu al verbului „to be". Interogativ Shall I go? Shall we go? Will you go? Will you go? Will he/she/it/ go? Will they go? Trebuie remarcat faptul ca la interogativ persoana I. am mers la culcare. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Perfect Continuous: 1. somebody told us it (rain) for hours. 9. la care se adauga infinitivul verbului de conjugat. 3. she (clean) and (dust) for 5 hours. The child (eat) all the cakes before his mother became aware of it. E.actrus. Secretara mi-a spus ca directorul vorbea la telefon de o jumatate de ora. she (tell) me they (be) friends for five years. 8. He (learn) English for two years before he (go) to England for the first time. 10. 4. 6. The fire (spread) to the next building when the firemen arrived. The house was much smaller then he (think) at first. After John (leave). Se traduce cu viitorul din limba româna. we (climb) for 7 hours. You will be going. She just (go) out when I (call at) her house. Afirmativ I (shall) will be going. De indata ce a terminat de scris lucrarea. 9. 2. Puneti verbele din paranteza la Past Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau la Past Tense Simple: 1. 2. After Jane (swim) for half an hour. 3.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. Acest timp arata o actiune viitoare obisnuita. Ex. it (rain) for one hour. Ei mi-au spus ca locuiau in Franta din 1980. Când am ajuns la statia de autobuz.. se foloseste numai „shall". 10. They will be going. he (go) downstairs to have dinner.actrus. At 3 o’clock on Friday. 8. El nu facuse nimic inainte de a-mi cere mie sfatul. 6. (Il voi intâlni saptamâna viitoare. Nu ti-am telefonat pentru ca am crezut ca plecasesi in strainatate. Future Tense Simple Se formeaza cu shall sau will la persoana I. I (shall) will meet him next week. they (wait) for the bus for half an hour. we (realize) we (lose) our way. He/she/it will be going. When we met them. When I left home. Mi-a parut rau ca il jignisem. De indata ce au plecat musafirii.. Negativ I (shall) will not be going.

At three o’clock. Ex. I will have reached Predeal.) Future Perfect Continuous Se formeaza cu Future Perfect al verbului „to be". By three o’clock tomorrow. nu se pune problema folosirii lui a interogativ decât in intrebari disjunctive. Arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intre doua momente viitoare.) Alte mijloace de exprimare a viitorului http://quintet. He said he would be late. the next day. You will have gone. Ex. They will not have gone. Interogativ Shall I be going? Shall we be going? Will you be going? Will you be going? Will he/she/it be going? Will they be going? Acest timp arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intr-un moment viitor.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. Ex. (Mâine pâna la ora trei voi fi ajuns la Predeal. la care se adauga infinitivul verbului de conjugat.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. You will have gone. I will be travelling to England. Afirmativ I (should) would go We (should) would go You would go You would go He/she/it would go They would go Negativ I (should) would not go We (should) would not go You would not go You would not go He/she/it would not go They would not go Forma scurta de la „should not" este shouldn’t. (El a spus ca va intârzia. Preia functiile lui Future Tense Continuous intr-o propozitie secundara. He said that at 3 o’clock.html 9 of 42 12/15/04 . Page 15 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. Future-in-the-Past Continuous Se formeaza cu Future-in-the-Past Simple al verbului „to be".. Afirmativ I (shall) will have gone.actrus. You will not have gone. Negativ I (shall) will not have gone.. You will not have gone.. (Mâine la ora trei voi calatori spre Anglia. I should (would) be going. He/she/it will have gone. Future-in-the-Past Simple Se formeaza cu should (persoana I) sau would (toate persoanele). We (shall) will not have gone. (have + forma III). I will have been studying for three hours. (El a spus ca in ziua urmatoare. Când vei veni tu acasa. They will not be going. Page 16 of 18 You will not be going. Ex. la care se adauga infinitivul trecut al verbului de conjugat. atunci când in principala se afla un verb la trecut. la care se adauga forma ing a verbului de conjugat. We (shall) will have gone. la ora 3. va calatori spre Anglia. Se traduce cu viitorul simplu sau cu viitorul anterior din limba româna. I (shall) will have been going. He/she/it will not have gone. Future Perfect Simple Se formeaza cu shall sau will.) Intrucât nu poate fi intâlnit decât in propozitii secundare (dupa un verb la timpul trecut in propozitia principala). Interogativ Shall I have gone? Shall we have gone? Will you have gone? Will you have gone? Will he/she/it have gone? Will they have gone? Acest timp arata o actiune anterioara unei alte actiuni sau unui moment viitor.. Ex. When you come home. They will have gone. Acest timp este folosit in concordanta timpurilor pentru a arata o actiune posterioara unui moment sau unei actiuni din trecut. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. he would be travelling to England. Se traduce cu timpul viitor anterior din limba româna.) Se traduce cu viitorul din limba româna.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.actrus. Este un timp rar folosit. iar cea de la „would not" este wouldn’t. Este un timp sestul de rar folosit. voi studia (voi fi studiat) de trei ore.

You (not find) a solution if you don’t know the whole truth. 3. ei vor avea ultima ora de engleza.. By 5 o’clock. This time next day. 6. You (be) in London tomorrow.. I am sure I (succeed). Ex. it probably (rain). By the time you come home. 10. Din cauza grevei soferilor de autobuze multa lume va merge pe jos la slujba. You (recognize) him when you see him? I (remember) this day all my life. By the end of the month. El va studia in biblioteca luni de la ora 1 la 5.) It is going to rain. intre orele 12 si 1. 7. Arata de asemenea o intentie sau o probabilitate. Ce faci mâine dimineata la ora 11? Voi vizita târgul international. He (study) all day tomorrow. Tomorrow morning at 8 o’clock. 4. 4. 9. 9. Don’t expect me home for dinner. 8. I (read) all the books on the bibliography list. 3. This time next month. You (remember) to post my letter? I hope I (pass) the exam. 4.) l Expresia „to be going to" + infinitiv. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Continuous: 1. 9. Trenul va fi plecat inainte de a ajunge noi la gara. they (be married) for 25 years. I (work) at the office till late at night... (Voi citi/am de gând sa citesc aceasta carte. (Plec/voi pleca la Londra mâine. http://quintet. 12. vor fi economisit 5 milioane.html 10 of 42 12/15/04 . Uite ce am cumparat la o licitatie! E un obiect frumos. I (pay off) all my debts.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. I am sure you (like) this book. 2. By the end of the season. Exercitii cu timpurile „Future" 1. I (know) the results in three days’ time. 7. Page 17 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. Arata o intentie. You (need) the vacuum cleaner tomorrow or may I borrow it? I am sure when I arrive home. In a week’s time. 8. arata un program precis.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind unul din tipurile de viitor: 1. If we don’t hurry. (Il intâlnesc/il voi intâlni pe John in dimineata aceasta. 9. we (climb) the mountain. Don’t ring her up at 8 o’clock p. Intr-un astfel de context. 10. I leave for London tomorrow. you (see) all the exhibits in the museum. 3. I (have) breakfast. I (cook) for two hours. 6. bine stabilit. 7. 10. 8. the sun (rise) before we reach the beach. I am meeting John this morning. 6. I (finish) reading the newspapers by lunch time.actrus.actrus. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Simple: 1. Pâna la ora 1. Unde il vei pune? Ex. we (take) our exam. 2. Vineri. Pâna la sfârsitul lunii. The sun (rise) in 10 minutes. When you reach Sinaia. By the beginning of next week. I (work) on this paper for a month.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. Ex. She (watch) TV. He (be) pleased if you invite him. Page 18 of 18 l Present Simple + adverb de timp viitor. 1. 6. 3.) l Present Continuous + adverb de timp viitor. Next year. Let’s hurry to the beach. When I take the exam. I (swim) in the sea. 3. mâine. the baby (cry). 2. Am cumparat o masina de scris si voi invata sa bat. 5.m. 4. 5.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. Pâna anul viitor pe vremea aceasta. 4. ea va fi terminat curatenia in casa. I am going to read this book. voi fi vazut acest film de 5 ori. 11. un aranjament prealabil pentru viitorul apropiat. 5. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Perfect Simple sau Continuous: 1. 7. 8. 10. 2. 5. one hundred thousand people (spend) their holidays at the seaside.

un timp „future" Teoretic se poate folosi orice timp cerut de sens. 3. (Am ajuns acasa dupa ce incetase ploaia.) Nota 2: Daca intr-o fraza exista doua propozitii secundare cu I will read this book when I have time. ci in fraze. (Voi merge in Anglia dupa ce voi obtine viza. de exemplu. a) Past Tense – actiune simultana – Past Tense He said he was ill. se poate observa uneori o oarecare tendinta de a nu se respecta concordanta timpurilor atunci când verbul din propozitia principala este la trecut.) c) Past Tense – actiunea posterioara – Future-in-the-Past He said he would leave the next day.) b) Past Tense – actiune anterioara – Past Perfect He said he had returned home a week before.) b. (El a spus ca merge la scola. The book I am reading now was given to me by my brother.actrus. Ex. Nota: In limba engleza contemporana.) He said he would come to see me after he had finished work.) I will have finished studying when you come home. Ea consta in aceea ca folosirea unui anumit timp in propozitia principala obliga la folosirea unui timp adecvat in propozitia secundara. un timp „present" Present Tense Simple. Present Perfect Continuous Orice timp cerut de sens Propozitia secundara Propozitia principala actiune posterioara celei din principala. (El a spus ca este bolnav. Past Perfect Continuous Propozitia secundara Orice alt timp „past" Ex. Cartea pe care o citesc acum mi-a fost data de fratele meu.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Future – actiune anterioara – Present Perfect I will go to England after I have received a visa. He said he would come to see me when he had time. Ex. (El a spus ca va veni sa ma vada dupa ce va termina lucrul. Present Perfect Simple. Last year I worked more than I have done this year.actrus. (El a spus ca va veni sa ma vada când va avea timp. Past Tense Continuous. 2.) She promised her mother she would help her. o formulare 12/15/04 http://quintet. Când propozitia secundara este comparativa. cu exceptia propozitii temporale sau conditionale. (El a spus ca va pleca a doua zi.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. dupa care (in temporala sau conditionala) se intrebuinteaza Past Tense (pentru simultaneitate) sau Past Perfect (pentru anterioritate). Past Perfect Simple. Ce inseamna „un timp adecvat" se va vedea in continuare. (Ea a spus ca uitase unde si-a pus ochelarii. Future – actiune simultana – Present 2. se poate folosi Past Perfect in mod repetat.) I arrived home after it had stopped raining. desigur. dintre care una este temporala sau conditionala.) 1. Future-in-the-Past se poate folosi numai o singura data.) Nota 1: Daca intr-o fraza exista doua propozitii secundara cu actiunea anterioara celei din principala.) Exceptii de la concordanta timpurilor 1.) He said he was going to school. Anul trecut am muncit mai mult decât anul acesta. Situatiile cel mai des intâlnite sunt urmatoarele: a. Present Tense Continuous. (El a spus ca se intorsese acasa cu o saptamâna inainte. She said she had forgotten where she had put her glasses. (El a spus ca va cumpara o masina daca va avea bani. care nu pot include un verb la viitor. nu in propozitii. Se poate intâlni. The teacher told the pupils water boils at 100 oC. (Ea i-a promis mamei sale ca o va ajuta. Ex. (Voi citi aceasta carte când voi avea timp. un timp „past" Past Tense Simple.html 11 of 42 .ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. (Voi fi terminat de studiat când vei veni tu acasa. când propozitia secundara este atributiva. Ex. când propozitia secundara exprima un adevar general valabil. Profesorul le-a spus elevilor ca apa fierbe la 100 oC.) He said he would buy a car if he had money. Ex. Propozitia principala 1.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Page 2 of 5 LECTIA II CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Concordanta timpurilor se aplica.

3. When we (go) to see them last night. I congratulated him. She told me his name after he (leave). He hoped he (finish) reading the book in two days. After she (learn) to type. You didn’t tell me you (have to) type this report. Looking out of the window. 2. she will take a job as a secretary. 19. 7. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect (Past Perfect Simple sau Continuous). 4. 3. Your mother will be upset when she (notice) you (break) the vase. When I arrived. He was in a hurry because he (want) to catch the train. 13. I understood you (be) a painter. Last night I (read) the book which you (read) now. precum si exceptiile: 1. 1. 7. Page 4 of 5 1. 7. You will be surprised when you (see) how well she (look). 8. you will feel better. 3.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR de tipul: „He said he loves me". 9. As soon as the holidays (begin). 3. they said they (listen to) music since 5 o’clock. She didn’t even say thank you after all I (do) for her. I will buy a car when I (have) enough money. 4.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. too. I shall have typed all the letters. Pentru moment insa. When he finally reached London. 10. 5. I will go on playing the piano till he (tell) me to stop. sa ajunga regula. 17. 9. You won’t be able to speak about this book till you (read) it. 4. I will pay my debts after I (receive) my salary. I didn’t think that book to be a nice birthday present for you because I (read) it and I (not enjoy) it. You will get a shock when you (see) the mess in that room. we (dig) in the garden for an hour. având in vedere faptul ca propozitia secundara exprima o actiune posterioara celei din principala: 1. not before. He believed the strike (end) very soon. I didn’t know at what temperature this metal (melt). Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect (Past Tense Simple sau Continuous). Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Present Simple sau Present Perfect Simple: 1. 6. 3. 8. After I (hear) the news. The train will have left before we (reach) the station. As wages had gone up. They (know) each other for a long time before they finally got married. It is said that one Englishman will not speak to another before they (be) introduced. I thought you soon (have) a holiday. It was clear they (talk) business again.html 12 of 42 . 12/15/04 http://quintet. When I heard the main actor was ill. 2. I will do it when I (want) to. When their first baby (be born). 6. respectând toate regulile de concordanta a timpurilor. I (not decide) yet. 2. 6. 6. 10. He promised he (drive) me home. 1. 9. By the time you (finish) translating the text. They said they (remain) at the seaside for another week. they will have been married for five years. 14. she saw the sun (shine) brightly.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. He told me he never (see) the sea. He asked me if I usually (read) that newspaper. 5. You will be surprised when you (see) how much she (change). I will lend it to you. He just (leave) home when he came across John. When I (finish) the book. 1. 15. tinând seama de exceptiile de la concordanta timpurilor: 1. Last night I met the couple who soon (move) next door to me. He told me hibernating animal (not eat) in winter. I was not sure if you (speak) English. 4. The teacher told the pupils what the capital of Mexico (be). Yesterday I bought a new umbrella because I (lose) my old one. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. I will never forget what you just (tell ) me. I wasn’t aware German (be) such a difficult language. he was tired because he (travel) for three days. 16. 6. 2. 8. He will write to me after he (arrive) in England. Exercitii cu concordanta timpurilor Page 3 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR 10. 7. After he (repair) the car. 11. I believed you (be) at the seaside. 5. 7. 3. I was not sure I (remain) at home that evening. They didn’t know that I (play) football. He didn’t admit that he (steal) the book. 2. 9. I hoped it (not rain) when I (arrive) at the beach. When you asked me where I (spend) my holidays. 8. 5. 20. 5. 10. tinând seama de relatia de anterioritate exprimata de verbul din propozitia principala sau din cea secundara: 1. 9. In 1998.actrus. 5. He realized he (not remember) John’s phone number. 8. având in vedere simultaneitatea actiunilor din propozitia principala si cea secundara: 1. I was sue the performance (be cancelled). cu timpul. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future-in-the-Past. we supposed prices (go up). Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. We shall start dinner as soon as the guests (arrive). they were listening to music. 12.actrus. Este posibil ca ceea ce apare acum ca tendinta. 18. He was sure he (pass) the exam and he promised he (give) a party afterwards. sfatuim pe vorbitorii români de limba engleza sa respecte regulile de concordanta a timpurilor asa cum sunt prezentate mai sus. 5. I will come as soon as I (finish) my work. he will drive to Sinaia. When it started to rain. 4. Last year I earned more money than I (earn) in the next five years. After you (drink) a coffee. 7. 8. 2. the concert already (begin). 6. Last year you spoke English less fluently than you (do) now. 4. 10. 6. We all believed he (win) the competition. I found out that yoga (be) a very useful practice.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. the Romanians travelled less than they (do) this year. this beach will become very crowded. The book I (read) in the last few days was lent to me by John.

5. ar merge etc.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. M-a intrebat câte litere sunt in alfabetul chinez si nu am putut sa-I raspund. 12. 7. 20. 11. He was very tired and he (hope) he (have) time to rest that afternoon. he decided he (change) his job. Politistul ma va intreba ce am vazut in timpul accidentul.. 19. A week ago. 15. 10. I did not know that you (wear) glasses since childhood. Afirmativ I should/would have gone You would have gone He/she/it would have gone We should/would have gone You would have gone They would have gone Negativ I should/would not have gone You would not have gone http://quintet. Secretara mi-a spus ca directorul este ocupat. 14. wouldn’t.actrus.). Stiam ca esti in Bucuresti. 17.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. 6. 3. 11. he (trust) his son and he (not expect) such a thing to happen. He was very upset because I (be) late. When I finally arrived home. Nu mi-am amintit ca ne cunoscusem cu un an inainte.actrus. 8. He said he (have to) write down my address as he (not remember) it otherwise. 16. Masina pe cae o voi cumpara va fi importata din Germania. I hoped the company where I (work) (not go) bankrupt.. 7. Era foarte suparat ca isi pierduse dictionarul si nu era sigur ca va gasi unul nou in librarii. Interogativ Should I go? Should we go? Would you go? Would you go? Would he/she/it go? Would they go? Se traduce cu conditionalul prezent din limba româna (as merge. You will never know how much I (suffer). 18. He discovered to his horror that he (eat) the worms in the cherries. 9. I (be) very hungry because I (not eat) anything all day. 12. Nu am stat acasa sa te astept pentru ca nu stiam când vei veni.html 13 of 42 12/15/04 . Page 1 of 5 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri 9. After having visited Italy. Past Conditional (conditional trecut) Se traduce cu should/would la care se adauga infinitivul trecut (have + forma III a verbului de conjugat).html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Iti voi spune adevarul dupa ce il voi afla eu insami. Tata imi va da un cadou dupa ce voi lua examenul.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Page 5 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. 4. we (drink) coffee and brandy. I-am promis ca ii voi scrie când voi ajunge la Londra. 13. LECTIA III MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRAZELE CONDITIONALE Present Conditional (conditional prezent) Se formeaza cu should si would la persoana I si would la persoanele II si III. my friends told me there (be) many small houses and narrow streets in Padua. I was surprised that his son (fail) the exam. 10. Hotul nu si-a dat seama ca politia il urmarea de o saptamâna. 2. Afirmativ I should/would go We should/would go You would go You would go He/she/it would go They would not go Negativ I should/would not go We should/would not go You would not go You would not go He/she/it would not go They would not go Forme prescurtate: shouldn’t. After we have finished dinner. ai merge. la care se adauga infinitivul prezent al verbului de conjugat.

You (buy) this house if you had money? http://quintet. (As merge la mare daca vremea ar fi buna.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. – if he were here – were he here – if it had rained – had it rained – if he should come – should he come Exercitii cu fraze conditionale 1.) I will stay at home if it rains. Nota 3: should + infinitiv poate fi folosit la tipul 1. she (be) very angry. tinând seama de faptul ca fraza conditionala este de tipul 2: 1. supposing. we would be fined. If she finds out what has happened.. should poate fi folosit in secundara la tipul 2 de fraza conditionala. were. I (lend) you the book if you promise to return it in time. De asemenea.) Nota 2: – if poate fi inlocuit de provided (that). (As fi mers la mare daca vremea ar fi fost buna. If I (know) his phone-number. 3.) Nota 4: Atunci când if este urmat de un verb auxiliar (ex. supposing he is late? (Ce vom face presupunând ca el intârzie?) ¡ if not poate fi inlocuit cu unless I won’t go shopping unless you come with me. 8. If I see him. ar fi mers etc. (Voi merge la mare daca vremea va fi buna.actrus. Page 2 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. Ex. I won’t go shopping if you don’t come with me. 1.) I would have stayed at home if it had rained.. Acest tip de secundara este adesea combinat cu imperativul. (As fi stat acasa daca ar fi plouat. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. spune-I ca nu sunt acasa. (Voi sta acasa daca va ploua. noi am fi amendati. dar improbabila. si in acest caz se inverseaza ordinea subiect – auxiliar. you (be) late. Ex. you (promise) to keep it a secret? Unless you study more. Unless you come at 6. in case. 4. tell her I am out. you (not find) me at home. daca sar intâmpla ca. If I (move) to the country-side. What shall we do.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. In caz ca telefoneaza. we shall have floods. I (buy) it. should se traduce cu: in caz ca. should). este posibila omiterea lui if. in loc de Present Simple. If it (go on) raining. If I like the dress. cu exceptia verbului „to be".actrus.) Tipul 2 Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara Present Conditional Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Tense I would go to the seaside if the weather were fine. Tipul 3 Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara Past Conditional Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Perfect I would have gone to the seaside if the weather had been fine.html 14 of 42 12/15/04 . 2. you will have to look after it. 2. 5. I (greet) him. Ex. If you don’t hurry. (In caz ca politia ar afla adevarul/ Daca s-ar intâmpla ca politia sa afle adevarul. 6. If you (take) a dog. Page 3 of 5 He/she/it would not have gone We should/would not have gone You would not have gone They would not have gone Interogativ Should I have gone? Should we have gone? Would you have gone? Would you have gone? Would he/she/it have gone? Would they have gone? Se traduce cu conditionalul trecut din limba româna (as fi mers. you (not pass) the exam.). (As sta acasa daca ar ploua. unde se intâlneste forma „were" la toate persoanele. 10. had. 9.) I would stay at home if it rained. suppose. If she should ring up.. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. would you visit me? 3. 7. I would ring him up.) Nota 1: Trebuie sa se tina seama ca subjonctivul folosit in propozitia secundara are forma lui Past Tense Simple la toate verbele.. ai fi mers. If the police should find out the truth. If I tell you something. providing. atunci când actiunea din secundara este posibila. Frazele conditionale (If-Clauses) Exista trei tipuri de fraze conditionale: Tipul 1 Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara Future Present I will go to the seaside if the weather is fine.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. tinând seama de faptul ca fraza conditionala este de tipul 1: 1. In acest caz.

If the child is good. 9. 3. I (not do) this. I would go home immediately.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3.actrus. 7. 2. If you (drive) more carefully. 10.. 1. you (not get) into trouble. 2. 11. 6. As mai croseta un pulover daca as mai avea lâna.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. Page 5 of 5 4. 3. 6. 7. 7. you (read) Shakespeare in the original. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. he (not make) so many mistakes. 9. Vei prinde trenul daca vei lua un taxi. 4. I would speak to him. If I (work) harder. If you had taken my advice. You (be) sick if you eat so much. 8. he (get) a bar of chocolate. 8. strazile ar fi ude. I (answer) it. Il vei vedea daca il vei astepta. strazile vor fi ude. Daca un cersetor ti-ar cere bani. 8. I-ai da? Ce s-ar fi intâmplat daca ai fi condus cu viteza mare? Nu vom merge la plimbare daca nu va sta ploaia.html 15 of 42 12/15/04 . Mi-ar placea mai mult piesa daca ar fi mai scurta. voi mânca la un restaurant. It (be) better if you had waited. If you had known English. 8. 10. If he had written a letter to me. I (not make) so many mistakes in my translation. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. 10. I wouldn’t have come unless you (invite) me. 7. If he (realize) it was so late. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. he (take) a pill. Daca va ploua. Had I been at home. He will be at the airport in time if he (leave) now.. I would be nervous. Should he have a headache. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. 6. mi-ar fi fost frig. 2. Page 4 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. If I won the lottery. 3. 9. 6. 12. He would have been arrested if he (try) to leave the country. 9.. 5. What would you do if you (be) Prime Minister? If I (give up) smoking. If I (know) you had no driving licence. 1. 8. 5. tinând seama de faptul ca fraza conditionala este de tipul 3: 1. Were I in your place. 10. he would have gone home. Had I learned English grammar. 5.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA.actrus. 4. If I (see) him. I (buy) a car. 5. Daca cina nu va fi gata la timp. I wouldn’t have come with you in your car. Voi fi dezamagit daca nu voi afla adevarul. 4. you wouldn’t have an accident. Ai fi prins trenul daca ai fi luat un taxi. Te vei supara daca iti voi lua creionul? Te-ai supara daca ti-as lua creionul? Te-ai fi suparat daca ti-as fi luat creionul? Ce vei face daca il vei intâlni pe John? Ce-ai face daca l-ai intâlni pe John? Ce-ai fi facut daca l-ai fi intâlnit pe John? http://quintet. tinând seama ca se poate intâlni oricare dintre cele 3 tipuri de fraze conditionale: 1. he would never have known. I (answer) the phone. 7. Ai prinde trenul daca ai lua un taxi. 1. Daca ar ploua. I (answer) your question if I can. If he were more careful. If I (be) you. 9. Where you (go) if you had a holiday? 1. strazile ar fi fost ude. Daca n-ai fi inchis fereastra. 5. 10. 2. He (tell) you if you had asked him. Mamaia ar fi un loc ideal pentru o vacanta daca n-ar fi atât de multi oameni acolo. Dacaar fi plouat.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 4. If I (not tell) him. 3. 6. I would have succeeded..

He said if it rained he would stay at home. ¡ tipurile 2 si 3 nu se schimba: "If it rained. Page 2 of 5 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri the day before yesterday two days before tomorrow the next day/the following day the day after tomorrow in two days’ time next week the next/the following week two years ago two years before now then this that these those here there Ex..ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Se schimba o serie de cuvinte in functie de sens. 3. He said she had given him a book. He said „I will do the exercise". Atunci când verbul din propozitia principala este la trecut. – He said „I am ill". Pentru a trece o propozitie de la vorbirea directa la vorbirea indirecta. ¡ ¡ ¡ He said „I have been working hard. He said „I was ill". in propozitia secundara se schimba timpurile dupa cum urmeaza: Present past Present perfect past perfect Past past perfect Future future-in-the-past tipul 1 devine tipul 2: "If it rains.html 16 of 42 12/15/04 . Modalitati de introducere a propozitiilor secundare in vorbirea indirecta 1.. Frazele conditionale sunt trecute la vorbirea indirecta in modul urmator: ¡ LECTIA IV VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRECTA Vorbirea directa: John said: „She is not at home" Vorbirea indirecta: John said she was not at home. should. He said: „I am going to do this traslation tomorrow". 2. à He said he would be at home on that day." He said if it had rained he would have stayed at home. in functie de sens. 1. à He said he was going to do that translation the next day. Ex. trebuie respectate o serie de reguli. He said: „She gave me a book". today that day yesterday the day before/the previous day http://quintet. I would stay at home. Ex. Verbele modale would. I would have stayed at home. He said he had been ill. "If it had rained.. He said he would do the exercise. ought to." 1. might ramân neschimbate la vorbirea indirecta.actrus. ceea ce se intâmpla in majoritatea cazurilor. He said if itrained he would stay at home.actrus. He said: „I’ll be at home today".CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. Page 1 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. He said he had been working hard. Afirmatii: cu that (care se poate omite) Ex." Ex. Se schimba pronumele.. could. 1. He said: „I might be late" He said he might be late. I will stay at home.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. He said he was ill.

Don’t drive so fast! Open the door. 7. Page 4 of 5 trecut) Model: He said: „Come in!" He told (asked. Page 3 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. Intrucât aceasta propozitie incepe cu un cuvânt interogativ. à He told me to go out. Treceti urmatoarele intrebari generale la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut): Model: „Will you be at home tomorrow?" He asked me if I would be at home the next day. 3. Treceti urmatoarele intrebari speciale la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut): Model: He said: „When did you come back?" He asked me when I had come back. 11. 8. 9. Treceti urmatoarele afirmatii de la vorbirea directa la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut): Model: He said „I will leave for London tomorrow". 8.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. I went to England two years ago. 10. 2.html 17 of 42 12/15/04 . 4. Intrebarile generale se introduc cu if sau whether (daca). 7. please? Can you come to tea this afternoon? Has the train left? Do you know what this word means? Was your mother at home? Did you buy this book yesterday? Did you drink coffee every day? Were you at the library yesterday? Do you live in London for a long time? Can you speak English? Would you like a cake? Could you lend me a book. please! Read the text. 4. I am going to have a nap this afternoon. I think it’s going to rain tomorrow. The weather was fine yesterday. 4.. Incorect: He asked me what was the time. I will buy a car next year. If I had been at home. How long have you been learning English? What are you going to do tomorrow? How long does it take you to reach your office? When will you be back? Ex. I would have answered the phone. à He said (that) he was ill. on holiday.. 2. 9. please! Write me a letter when you get to England! Don’t cross the street on a red light! Be careful with my books! Don’t smoke so much! Take this pill! Don’t interrupt me when I am speaking! Ring me up when you arrive home! 3. Ex. Comenzi: cu infinitivul (afirmativ sau negativ) Ex. 2. 2. Ex. 5. 1. Treceti urmatoarele comenzi la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la http://quintet. He asked me where I had been. In cazul intrebarilor speciale trecute la vorbirea indirecta. Ex. Ex. 2. John left for Sinaia two days ago. exista tentatia de a folosi ordinea cuvintelor din propozitiile interogative. 3. I don’t remember where I have bought this dictionary. 6. If I have enough money. 2. He asked me if I liked music. I am very busy today. He said: „I am ill". please? 4. 10. 9. Intrebarile generale sunt cele care incep cu un verb. 4. trebuie acordata atentie ordinei cuvintelor din propozitia secundara. 1. He said „Go out". 6. 10.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. Last year I spent my holiday at the seaside.actrus. 1. 11. 7. Intrebarile speciale se introduc cu cuvântul interogativ respectiv.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE.. He said „Don’t go out" à He told me not to go out. iar raspunsul poate fi da sau nu. He said (that) he would leave for London the next day. ceea ce este o greseala. Where have you been? I’ve been away.. Will you help me. Intrebari Exista doua tipuri de intrebari: generale si speciale. Exercitii cu vorbirea directa si vorbirea indirecta 1. 12. 8. ordered) me to come in. 3. 12. 5. 6. 3. 5.actrus. 1. I saw this film a week ago. I will go shopping right now. 3.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. He asked me: „What is the time?" Corect: He asked me what the time was.

6. Activ: She looked after the child. Someone has found the missing child. Activ: I gave him a book. Unde complementul direct este a book. complementul prepozitional. iar complementul indirect este him. They will finish the work today. Desigur. A specialist will repair my TV set.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_5. 12/15/04 http://quintet.. While I am in hospital.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. In this office punctuality is insisted on.actrus.. pasivul se foloseste atunci când nu este important cine face actiunea. 9. Nota: Se poate folosit aspectul continuu al diatezei pasive numai la Present Tense si Past Tense. Ex. I will invite my friend to a party. de asemenea.actrus. Un alt exemplu de complement prepozitional care poate deveni subiect. I had been asked. Activ: Directorul m-a chemat pe mine. (by me) Complement indirect à Subiect He was given a book. In aceste situatii. I was asked. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva: 1. complementul indirect si. Complement direct à Subiect A book was given to him. trecerea de la diateza activa la diateza pasiva se face prin transformarea complementului direct in subiect. While I was in hospital.html 18 of 42 . care. Ex. in unele cazuri.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 3. punctuality este un complement prepozitional. Ambele complemente pot deveni subiecte in cazul trecerii la pasiv.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. Where will you spend your weekend? Who is this man? Why is it so dark in this room? When did the rain stop? Which of these cakes do you prefer? How did you travel? Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 3 LECTIA V Pasivul se formeaza conjugând verbul to be la timpul cerut de sens. 10. I am asked. Ex. Ex. 2. I will be asked. (by me) In propozitia: In this office they insist on punctuality. Ex. In limba româna. 5. In multe cazuri. 4. Pasiv: Eu am fost chemat de director. Page 5 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/DIATEZA PASIVA 5. se omite formularea by. exista trei tipuri de complemente care pot deveni subiect in transformarea de la activ la pasiv: complementul direct. my flat is being painted. Pasiv: The child was looked after (by her). de la sfârsitul propozitiei. He has found your bag. my flat was being painted. 8. subiectul va fi trecut la cazul nominativ. In limba engleza. la care se adauga forma III (participiul trecut) a verbului de conjugat. poate deveni subiect in cazul folosirii diatezei pasive: In this office punctuality is insisted on (by them). 7. Exercitii cu diateza pasiva 1. I have been asked.

Page 2 of 3 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/DIATEZA PASIVA 3. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva: 1. Muzeul a fost inchis pentru reparatii. Page 3 of 3 His coworkers must do something for him. Cursul profesorului a fost ascultat de toti studentii. A reception was held in his honour. 5. I have lent John two of my books. http://quintet. 6. Acest timbru nu a fost bine lipit pe plic. 8. They will give me a reward. 3. 3. 10. 5. Has someone repaired the TV set? Will you write the letter in ink? Haven’t they told you to be here at 6 o’clock? Did the tornado frighten you? Will someone tell him the details? Have you fed the dog? Did the sight of the accident shock him? Did they tell you about the meeting? Do you think they will turn down your request? Would you have finished your work sooner if your colleagues hadn’t interrupted you? 5. 7. 14. 13. 9. Aceasta informatie treuie tratata confidential. They are building a new house round the corner. The climber was finally discovered by the rescue party. 3. Treceti la pasiv urmatoarele propozitii care cuprind combinatii verb+prepozitie: 1. Ni s-au spus lucruri foarte interesante la conferinta. Don’t speak until someone speaks to you. 6. 6. 4. 7. 7.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_5. We couldn’t account for his odd behaviour. Ni s-a cerut sa aratam pasapoartele. 5. I was recommended a very good doctor. 3. 10. 10. 8. 10. We objected to his proposal. Nu s-a auzit nimic despre el de când a plecat la Constanta. Evenimentul a fost comentat de toate ziarele. 9. Ni se vor da instructiuni detaliate in privinta referatului. The teacher asked me a difficult question. when I passed by. 4. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii de la diateza pasiva la diateza activa. 6. I teach them English. Gasiti subiecte acolo unde este necesar: 1. 4. In acest hotel se vorbesc limbi straine. 4. transformând atât complementul direct cât si cel indirect in subiecte: 1. 9. America a fost descoperita la sfârsitul secolului al XV-lea. 2. Sensurile cuvintelor noi trebuie cautate in dictionar. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. 9. The jury awarded the Romanian film director the Great Prize. 9. 8. Când a ajuns acasa si-a dat seama ca I se furase portofelul. 2.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/DIATEZA PASIVA 6. My friend doesn’t always tell me the truth. 5. This house has been built out of stone and cement. They were building a new supermarket in that district last month.actrus. 15. English is spoken all over the world. He hates being made fun of. They have given me a nice present.actrus. 2. 2. 7. People play football all over the world. The noise frightened me. 4. 7.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva in doua feluri. The guide showed the museum to the tourists. 6. Scrisoarea va fi pusa la posta cât mai curând posibil. 10. 5. The pupils will be told where to sit. Burglars broke into the house. 8. 7. 3. 2. The policeman will show us the way. 8. This book will soon be forgotten.html 19 of 42 12/15/04 . We called for the doctor. 11. They didn’t look after the children properly. 8.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_5. 9. We laughed at John. Se construiesc multe blocuri noi in cartierul nostru. 6. 12. The doctor prescribed some pills to the patient. They set fire to the shed. These books mustn’t be taken away. 2. This painting is admired by all the visitors of the museum. 4. He hasn’t slept in his bed.

I couldn’t come to you yesterday. Can 1. prezent Cu acest sens exista timpul might care reda ideea de trecut. could. should. The sun hasn’t set yet. Pentru celelalte timpuri se foloseste inlocuitorul to be able to. Could you help me? Ai putea sa ma ajuti? Pentru conditionalul trecut se foloseste could + infinitivul trecut Ex. In vorbirea familiara.) Negativ: may not. a avea permisiunea Ex. Interogativ: Can I? Can you? etc. Ex. Can you make this translation? Could=Past Tense. I cannot (can’t) make this translation. conditional prezent al verbului can Negativ: could not (couldn’t) Interogativ: Could I ? Could you? etc. Nu se poate sa fie ora 9. l Nu au toate timpurile. Ex. pot/am permisiunea sa iau masina ta? 4. May/Might – s-ar putea sa Ex. will. Soarele nu a apus inca.) Cu acest sens. Se folosesc inlocuitori. might. He said I might smoke in that room. Take your umbrella. can I take your car? Tata. I was allowed/permitted to smoke in that room.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. inlocuitorul to be able to pentru celelalte timpuri. Ia-ti umbrela. dar se foloseste numai dupa un alt verb la trecut (vorbire indirecta). Voi sti sa conduc masina dupa ce voi lua câteva lectii. Ex. mayn’t Interogativ: May I? May you? May = infinitiv. may. Ex.) I can speak English. May 1. ought to. Se traduce cu a sti sa. Nu se poate sa-l fi vazut pe John pe strada. Pentru a reda ideea de trecut cu acest sens. It may/might rain. Ex. I can swim. can’t Ex. He can speak English. poti.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Voi putea veni la tine mâine. prezent. can poate fi folosit cu sensul lui may de „a avea permisiunea". He is abroad.) l 3. Can is a model verb. Ex. s-ar putea sa ploua. Can’t/couldn’t – nu se poate sa. You can’t/couldn’t have seen John in the street. are sensul de a putea.actrus. you may. I can make this traslation. Ex. timpurile se folosesc ca la punctul 1 (could pentru Past Tense si conditionalul prezent. El e in strainatate. Voi putea/mi se va permite sa fumez in camera aceea. I haven’t been able to ring you up this week. http://quintet. Ex. (Stiu sa vorbesc engleza. N-am putut sa vin la tine ieri. Ar fi putut sa fie aici in timp. Page 2 of 10 LECTIA VI VERBELE MODALE Can.html 20 of 42 12/15/04 . se foloseste infinitivul trecut. Ring up John. He could have been here in time. I will be able to come to you tomorrow. 2. It can’t/couldn’t be 9 o’clock. l Nu formeaza negativul si interogativul cu „to do". Pentru celelalte timpuri se folosesc inlocuitorii: to be allowed to. Ex. Nu primesc s la persoana III singular. I will be allowed/permitted to smoke in that room.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 2.actrus. would.). S-ar putea sa fie acasa acum. N-am putut sa-ti telefonez saptamâna aceasta.) Spre deosebire de: I want to do this. are sensul de a putea. He may/might be at home now. (Vreau sa fac aceasta. Father. (Pot sa fac aceasta. I can do this. Ex. nu e posibil sa. May I smoke in this room? Pot/am permisiunea sa fumez in aceasta camera? Yes. need. must. (Stiu sa inot. (Da.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. Ex. Ex. Arata o anumita abilitate fizica sau intelectuala. prezent Negativ: cannot. Can = infinitiv. Caracteristici generale l Nu primesc to inaintea lor si dupa ele: Ex. He cannot (can’t) speak English. to be permitted to. shall. Telefoneaza-I lui John. Am putut/mi s-a permis sa fumez in camera aceea. I will tbe able to drive a car after I have taken a few lessons. a fi in stare Ex.

Ex. Cu acest sens. 1.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Ex. Shall Folosit cu persoana I. cu sensul de a fi nevoie http://quintet. John must be at home now. Ai fi putut sa imi scrii o scrisoare când erai in Anglia. You needn’t drive so fast. Ai putea sa ma ajuti când sunt la nevoie. Trebuie sa plec acasa. Ex. se foloseste didn’t need + infinitivul Ex. I had to finish the traslation yesterday. Nu ar fi trebuit sa fii atât de nepoliticos cu el. I will have to finish the translation tomorrow. se foloseste needn’t + infinitivul trecut. o obligatie morala. Ex. Ar trebui sa o ajuti pe mama ta la treburile casei. Probabil ca John e acasa acum. Probabil ca e târziu. Must not se traduce cu „nu trebuie". S-a facut târziu. Pentru a reda ideea de trecut. El nu are nevoie de aceasta carte. Trebuie mentionat faptul ca inlocuitorul lui must. Nu a fost nevoie sa facem acest exercitiu. A trebuit sa termin traducerea ieri. se adauga infinitivul trecut. I didn’t have to finish the translation yesterday. Pentru a raspunde afirmativ la intrebarea de mai sus. there is a speed limit here. Nu trebuie sa conduci atât de repede. you must! (Da. Folosit cu persoana I. I was asleep when you arrived home last night. solicitarea unui sfat. Let’s call on him. nu e nevoie. Ex. N-ai vazut ca urma sa ploua? l Daca actiunea nu era necesara si nu a fost facuta. l Need: verb modal. Hai sa-l vizitam. se adauga infinitivul trecut. Should. Let’s go home.actrus. Why didn’t you take your coat? You may/might have caught a cold. need se foloseste numai la interogativ si negativ. May/might pot exprima un repros. It’s got late. poate indica. Se traduc cu: ar trebui sa. interogativ. You mustn’t drive so fast. 3. You needn’t have watered the flowers. Which dress shall I buy? Ce rochie sa cumpar? Shall I wait for you? Sa te astept? To need: verb obisnuit. You might have written me a letter when you were in England. ideea de trecut este redata prin adaugarea infinitivului trecut. ar fi cazul sa. Couldn’t you see it was going to rain? Nu era nevoie sa uzi florile. Ex. You may/might help me when I am in need. o recomandare. Se foloseste inlocuitorul to have to. Must Page 3 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Ca verb modal. Ex. Profesorul ne-a spus ca e prea usor pentru noi.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. De asemenea. prezent Nu are alte timpuri. we have enough time.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. Nu e nevoie sa conduci atât de repede. Va trebui sa termin traducerea mâine. aici e limita de viteza. Ex. De ce nu ti-ai luat haina? S-ar fi putut sa racesti. Hai sa mergem acasa. It must be late. Ex. Ought to Ambele verbe indica o actiune corecta. de asemenea. ar fi bine sa. You should not/ought not to have been so rude to him. exista 2 posibilitati: l Page 4 of 10 Daca actiunea nu era necesara. A trebui Ex. dar a fost facuta. We didn’t need to do this exercise. Ex. cu sensul de a avea nevoie Ex. shall indica viitorul. Eu dormeam când ai venit tu aseara. o oferta sau o sugestie. ideea de trecut se reda prin adaugarea infinitivului trecut. you needn’t. Nu. Ex. 2. se foloseste verbul must. poate avea sensul probabil ca: Ex. Need Exista doua verbe: l Ex. avem destul timp. I must go home.html 21 of 42 12/15/04 . Need I be here at one o’clock? E nevoie sa fiu aici la ora 1? No. The teacher told us it was too easy for us.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Cu acest sens. trebuie!) Pentru exprimarea ideii de trecut a verbului need. mustn’t Interogativ: Must I? Must you? Must = infinitiv. You should/ought to help your mother with housework. Need I be here at one o’clock? Yes. It must have been late.actrus. notional. Need not se traduce cu „nu e nevoie". Nota: Nu trebuie confundat need not cu must not. Probabil ca era târziu. Pentru redarea ideii de trecut. Ex. Negativ: must not. He doesn’t need this book. to have to formeaza interogativul si negativul cu ajutorul auxiliarului to do.

Aceasta fata seamana foarte bine cu Jane. 13. shall poate arata o promisiune. 18. 12. Mama mea obisnuieste sa stea ore intregi privind la televizor. He needn’t buy milk. 12/15/04 l Presupunere: se traduce in limba româna cu o fi. You may leave earlier. She can lend you that book. I cannot translate ten pages a day. 5. 4. please? l A voi (cu sens extins la obiecte): This child will/would not do what I say. 17. Când eram copil. 11.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. 19. Un alt verb semi-modal este dare (a indrazni) care se conjuga la afirmativ ca un verb obisnuit. Must you be so rude? She can read and write at the age of five. folosind inlocuitorii verbelor modale respective. 17. 14. 20. Exercitii cu verbe modale 1. Nota: In afara de „would". 13. there is plenty in the fridge. Can Jane type very quickly? Can you speak Chinese? Everybody may borrow books from this library. 11. care are numai forma de trecut. my mother would read me fairy tales. 7. 10.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Mother to child: You shall have a bicycle if you pass the exam. 16. Ex.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. acolo unde este necesar: 1. You can’t see a bear in this part of the country. I must learn English. You may not speak to your mother like that. He must be delayed at the office. It must be difficult to climb this mountain. 7. 2. This child may have another cake. This girl looks very much like Jane. ¡ in trecut When I was a child. You might pay more attention to your work. He should go to school everyday. Can you help me? You mustn’t do this . 5. 9.actrus. Redati ideea de trecut in urmatoarele propozitii folosind infinitivul trecut in loc de infinitivul prezent: 1. my mother used to read me fairy tales. You might change your mind about that. Would l Formula de politete. 6. 6. John could be a winner. He can swim very well. 15. 16. Page 6 of 10 Shall we meet at one o’clock? Sa ne intâlnim la ora 1? Folosit cu persoanele II si III. mama obisnuia sa-mi citeasca povesti. cerere politicoasa: Will you/would you sit down? Will you/would you help me with my translation. When I was a child. 8. 10. 2. O fi ajuns la Paris pâna acum.actrus. May I walk on the grass? He may not come in wearing dirty boots. I must look up the words in the dictionary. You may not smoke in this room. Se poate folosi cu infinitivul trecut: He will have reached Paris by now. She will be her sister. Mama spune copilului: Vei avea o bicicleta daca vei lua examenul.html 22 of 42 . 18. 3. She can play the piano very well. Will. John must be ill. 20. It might rain. l Actiune repetata: . o obligatie sau o amenintare care provin de la cel care vorbeste. 1. Ex. 3. 8. It can’t be too late. You might write to me more often. 15. You shouldn’t go to bed so late. Acest copil nu vrea sa faca ce-I spun. This radio won’t work. 4.in perioada prezenta My mother will sit for hours watching TV. You can’t be pleased with this piece of news. You needn’t do this. I must go soon. Mama spune copilului: Nu vei mai primi nici un ban de buzunar daca nu vei lua examenul. in timp ce la interogativ si negativ se poate conjuga atât ca un verb obisnuit cât si http://quintet. 9. He must be in the garden at this time of the day. Used to eate un verb semi-modal. You should visit your sick friend in hospital.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Page 5 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE ca modal. He ought to tell me the truth. ideea de actiune repetata in trecut se poate exprima cu „used to". Mother to child: You shall not get any pocket-money if you don’t pass the exam. It can’t be easy to learn Chinese. 12. O fi sora ei. 19. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la Past Tense Simple si Future Tense Simple. He may be at home. 14.

I don’t believe she has married that awful man. This is probably the best Romanian film of the year. Take your umbrella. please? He always made mistakes because he …never take any advice. I don’t think the weather will change. 6. He …read for hours on end. 6. but I doubt it. He was probably late. 1. 2. 8. 5. 7. You …not expect everybody to obey you. 3. You can’t be right. it will soon start raining. 2. You …make a noise or the baby will wake up. perhaps it will rain. 4. You probably knew the lesson very well to get a 10. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind must + infinitivul prezent sau infinitivul trecut: Model: He probably speaks English well. Perhaps it snowed in the mountains It may/might have snowed in the mountains. holidays will be very different. for once? 6. He probably thinks I am wrong. 1. 9. 2. perhaps it is a good one. I don’t believe it was his fault. 10. 5. 3.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 8.html 23 of 42 12/15/04 . 6. Man …travel through space now. But one still …breathe without extra oxygen and one certainly …stay there very long. … you help me solve this problem? When I was young. One … travel by bus without paying the fare. You …not eat so many sweets if you don’t want to get fat. 9. 5. Completati spatiile goale cu shall sau will: 1. The sky is clear. I don’t think this is a true story.actrus. I think she was angry with you. I … return the books before the 1 st of September. When I was a teenager. 9. Perhaps she has returned the book to you and you have lent it to someone else. He probably came home very early. It is possible for her to be very late. 2. 2. 5. You probably forgot to lock the door. I don’t believe she has got so fat. Completati spatiile goale cu can sau can’t: Page 7 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE trecut: Model: I don’t believe you are right. You must have forgotten to lock the door. I don’t believe that he has passed the exam. 6. He … even drive on its surface.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE 1. I don’t think you will miss the train if you hurry. Completati spatiile goale cu should sau would: 1. The visitors … feed the animals in the Zoo. 1. 10. 2. 7. 9. 10. 5. You…water the flowers. 8. He …reach the Moon and walk there.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. I don’t believe she has learnt English in two months. He is probably older than he looks. You … take sleeping pills too often. 4. Page 8 of 10 1. 9. Perhaps he has done the exercise correctly. You probably left your umbrella in the shop. 5. 1. 5. I …wear my hair long. I …hurry up in order not to miss the train. Don’t wait. He must speak English well. It may/might snow in the mountains. You … take an umbrella. You have probably forgotten his address. …you be so kind and pass me the salt. 10. You … worry about money. 9. It is possible that I come home early. 6. 3. 7. I don’t think he is at the office so late at night. 1. I have bought his latest book. 3. She is probably a very good doctor. One …buy a ticket for a slow train in advance. People … speak during the concert. I’ll give you as much as you want. 7. A good knowledge of English is likely to help you a lot in your career. You can’t have been right. 4. My child …play with the cat for hours on end.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. It is possible that he was right but I don’t think so. I …read one book a day. You …not go to bed so late at night. 4. When we … fly there as easily as we fly to other countries of the world. 4. 1. It probably took a long time to finish this translation. 8. …you tell me the truth. 4. 3. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind can’t + infinitivul prezent sau infinitivul http://quintet.actrus. 2. 8. I don’t believe you were right. 7. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind may + infinitivul prezent sau infinitivul trecut: Model: Perhaps it snows in the mountains. they are addictive. 10. Perhaps she was out when you rang her up. I don’t believe it is his fault. 3. Completati spatiile goale cu mustn’t sau needn’t : 1.

I …(see) him for that. 5. It’ll get stale. Page 10 of 10 10. He …(be) at home. 2. 4. 12. because the teacher won’t have time to read it all. 8. This …be John’s house. I …(get up) so early today. please? This letter is full of mistakes." 1. can’t sau needn’t + infinitivul trecut: 1. folosind verbe modale sau inlocuitori ai acestora: 1. Ai putea sa-mi telefonezi mai des când stii ca sunt bolnav. putem lua autobuzul sau telefericul. Nu se poate ca profesorul sa fi fost multumit de acest raspuns. John …(do) such a thing. but he himself believes he needn’t. dar el nu a vrut sa vina la telefon. 26. Stiam sa cânt la pian când eram copil. Ti-am telefonat si nu a raspuns nimeni. Sunt sigur ca voi putea gasi timp sa te ajut. Go to sleep. which would have saved me a lot of work. Nu se poate sa fi fost acasa aseara.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE 3. 11. you…get a nice present.actrus. 9. 11. 3. 17. 1. I …(be) in the garden. 6. 15. Am cerut sa vorbesc cu directorul. o incuiasem chiar eu. 3. 4. I locked the door and took the key with me. She is away. Nu era nevoie sa-mi faci cafea. Nu e nevoie sa-ti cari singura bagajul in gara. 16. he is a very poor swimmer. 9. 2. Trebuie sa-mi schimb pantofii când intru in casa pentru ca sunt plini de noroi.html 24 of 42 12/15/04 . sa astepti câteva minute? Nu aveti voie sa vorbiti in timpul examenului. 8. Nu a fost nevoie sa-I telefonez lui Jane ca sa vorbesc cu ea pentru ca urma sa vina la mine peste o jumatate de ora. Unde mergem acum? Mâine va trebui sa pun scrisoarea la posta. 8. I promise you not …be disturbed. am baut deja doua astazi. I didn’t hear the phone. Nu stiu sa crosetez. I wrote him a letter. te-ar putea ajuta un hamal. Ar fi trebuit sa insisti. 10. I …(answer) the questions. you …re-type it. Page 9 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE 7. It …(rain) here. 13. 7. 3. but I forgot it was Sunday. 12. It …(take) you a long time to knit this dress. 18. 14. … you correct my exercise. va rog. 27. I …(buy) a new map of London as I already had one." "Yes. I …(leave) it on the bus. Ar fi trebuit sa citesc bibliografia pentru acest seminar. 6. The child … (leave) home. 20. 4. You …(wait) for me. 9. Toti studentii pot si trebuie sa scrie aceasta lucrare. http://quintet. he is a nice boy. 10. Toata lumea sa fie prezenta la sedinta. This door … not unlock.actrus. 10. 9.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Incercati sa gasiti un sens urmatorului dialog: "Do you think he will?" "I think he might.Completati spatiile goale cu didn’t need to sau needn’t have + forma III a verbului: I …(answer) the questions. 22. 2. Ar trebui ca toti copiii sa faca treburi in casa. which was very convenient. You …do this whether you like it or not. 28. You …(lend) him so many books. E nevoie sa urcam la cabana pe jos? Nu." "His family consider he should. We …(wait) too long. 4. 25. Completati spatiile goale cu must. The student …(write) such a long composition. He …(swim) across the Danube. You…(lend) him your text – book. 19. You …(see) Anna yesterday. The light was on in his room. 10. 6.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. I haven’t got my bag with me. Traduceti in limba engleza. 24. 30. 5. 23. Nu se poate sa fi gasit usa deschisa. Vreti. You …(buy) so much bread. She …write an article for this magazine every week. 8. 6. he will never read them all. the road is dry. I am sorry you wasted your time. 29. He has one of his own. Va trebui sa ma ajuti mai mult astazi.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. 5. Probabil ca eram inca la facultate. 7. Nu a fost nevoie sa spun „multumesc" când am aflat ora exacta formând 958 intrucât stiam ca informatia e inregistrata pe banda. he was back soon. 21. 7. If you win the contest. 5. De ce ai vorbit atât de tare? Iti promit ca vei avea cartea mâine. Profesorul mi-a spus ca pot sa lipsesc de la ora urmatoare. Va trebui sa plec curând.

Mi-as dori sa ma fi nascut in Anglia.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. It is desirable that we finish the translation first. e) Dupa verbe ca: to propose. Ex. b) If only – are aproximativ acelasi sens cu I wish Ex. se foloseste subjonctivul cu forma de Past Perfect. You speak English as if you were an Englishman. E necesar ca tu sa fii prezent. Ex. Ex. se foloseste subjonctivul cu forma de Past Tense. Page 2 of 8 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri The doctor insisted that I keep indoors. Apare in propozitii exclamative. subjonctivul nu are formele lui proprii. might.actrus. o dorinta sau un blestem. to order Ex. in engleza contemporana. Shakespeare: „If this be error"… If this is error Byron: „Though the hart be still as loving" …the heart is c.) It is high time. Poate fi folosit ca o modalitate de a da ordine. Ex. Doctorul a insistat ca eu sa stau acasa. I recommended that his proposal be accepted. Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Tense sau Past Perfect: LECTIA VII MODUL SUBJONCTIV Apare dupa urmatoarele expresii: In engleza contemporana. Somebody bring me a glass of water.. to suggest. I wish (mi-as dori. Este de dorit ca noi sa terminam intâi traducerea. de parca) even if/even though (chiar daca) Ex. in situatii in care. If only I lived to be a hundred! Bine ar fi sa traiesc pâna la o suta de ani! c) As if/though (ca si cum. It is impossible that he do this. Era de mult timpul sa incepi sa studiezi serios. You speak English as if you had lived in England. Nota: Verbul to be la subjonctivul du forma de Past Tense. apare ca were la toate persoanele. a. exprimând o lozinca. Subjonctiv cu forma de infinitiv a. de Past Tense si de Past Perfect. Everybody leave the hall. bine ar fi sa) l Daca dorinta se refera la momentul prezent. It is necessary that you be present. I wish I had been born in England. Ex. it is desirable that. God forgive you! Fie ca Domnul sa te ierte! Curse this fog! Blestemata fie aceasta ceata! b. d)It is time.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Page 1 of 8 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. Poate fi intâlnit in poezia clasica. (Era de mult timpul.. Ex. a. may. Mi-as dori sa fiu in Anglia acum. exista echivalenti de subjonctiv care constau in verbele should.. De asemenea.actrus. Cineva sa-mi aduca un pahar cu apa. Este imposibil ca el sa faca aceasta. se foloseste would. Come what may. it is necessary that. l Daca dorinta se refera la un moment viitor. I would sooner/rather (as prefera sa…) 12/15/04 http://quintet. to recommend. to demand.. E timpul sa mearga copilul la culcare. I wish I were in England now. Vorbesti engleza de parca ai fi englez. I wish it would stop raining. Ex. It is high time you began to study seriously. It is time the child went to bed. El apare cu forme de infinitiv. Long live the king! Traiasca regele. it is likely that. l Daca dorinta se refera la un moment anterior.html 25 of 42 . would + infinitiv. (E timpul. 1.) Ex. Vorbesti engleza ca si cum ai fi trait in Anglia.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. ar fi inlocuit cu prezentul. 1. o urare. ca echivalent de subjonctiv. Dupa constructii de tipul: it is impossible that. Fie ce-o fi. to urge. Toata lumea sa paraseasca sala. Mi-as dori sa inceteze ploaia.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. to insist. Am recomandat ca propunerea lui sa fie acceptata. d.

In exemplul de mai sus. should – ca si subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv (1-d) se poate folosi dupa constructii de tipul: It is impossible that. How should I know where he is now? http://quintet.. Exista o situatie in care nu se poate folosi subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. fie cel cu forma de infinitiv. iar daca verbul din propozitia principala este la timpul trecut. to recommend. to suggest. Am invatat serios ca sa trec examenul. may poate aparea in lozinci si urari: Ex. Whoever you may/might be.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. I will ring you up. Este posibil ca el sa ajunga aici la timp. whenever. The doctor insisted that I should stay indoors. Oricine ai fi. l Ex. 1. Acest tip de constructii se traduc la fel (vezi 1-d). l Ex. Intrebari introduse prin how. Ex. I was afraid that he might fail the exam. to be afraid Ex. Ex. may. however. Ex. you have no right to do this. whichever.when. fie ca se foloseste should ca echivalent de subjonctiv. Page 3 of 8 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. iti voi telefona. l De unde sa stiu unde este el acum? I don’t see why you should be so rude to him.actrus. Study hard so that/in order that you may pass the exam. l Dupa so that. persoana care isi exprima preferinta este diferita de cea care face actiunea. it is necessary that. In cazul in care persoana care isi exprima preferinta este aceeasi cu cea care face actiunea. Ex. whatever sau dupa formulele echivalente no matter who. in aceasta situatie should este urmat de infinitivul trecut. I would sooner I stayed at home tonight. fie ca se foloseste in limba engleza subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. I studied hard so that/in order that I might pass the exam. should poate aparea dupa verbe ca: to propose.. l Dupa to hope. Wherever I may/might be. it was possible Ex. Hurry up lest you miss the train. It was possible that he might be here in time.ci este necesara introducerea lui should. Invata serios ca sa treci examenul.html 26 of 42 12/15/04 . where. la fel ca si subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv (vezi 1-e). Dupa conjunctia lest (ca nu cumva sa) Ex. in secundara se foloseste may.. Grabeste-te ca nu cumva sa pierzi trenul. I hope that he may pass the exam. might Ca si subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. Era posibil ca el sa fi ajuns aici la timp. It is impossible that he should do this. l Dupa it is possible. to insist. no matter when. verbele respective aduc in propozitie si sensul lor initial. Hurry up lest you should miss the train. Mi-era teama sa nu cada la examen. Nota: In engleza contemporana exista tendinta de a se omite should dupa lest si de a se folosi subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. May success attend you! Fie ca succesul sa fie cu tine! May you live long and be happy! Fie sa traiesti mult si sa fii fericit. Oriunde as fi. iar in aceste cazuri. Page 4 of 8 Ex. in secundara se foloseste might.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. As prefera sa stai acasa in seara asta. Sper ca el sa treaca examenul. Este vorba de cazul când propozitia secundara exprima o actiune anterioara celei din principala. Nu vad de ce sa fii atât de nepoliticos cu el. I would sooner you stayed at home tonight.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. etc. fie in vorbirea indirecta. Echivalenti de subjonctiv a. Este imposibil ca el sa fi facut aceasta. I recommend that his proposal should be accepted. It is necessary that you should be present. daca verbul din propozitia principala este la timpul prezent. nu ai dreptul sa faci asta. to demand. Ex. It is possible that he may be here in time. a. I am afraid lest he should fail the exam.. Ex. to urge. echivalentii de subjonctiv sunt la origine verbe modale. I would sooner stay at home tonight. Dupa cum se observa. why. in order that De asemenea. l Dupa whoever. It is impossible that he should have done this. you have no right to do this. se poate folosi fie subjonctivul cu forma de Past Tense. Mi-e teama ca nu cumva sa piarda examenul. No matter who you may/might be.actrus. Nota: Dupa cum se poate observa.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. fie in vorbirea direca. Exisa situatii când se pot folosi si alte verbe modale decât cele expuse in acest capitol ca echivalenti de subjonctiv. wherever. It is desirable that we should finish the translation first. Dupa cum reiese din exemplele de mai sus.

8.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. 10. 16. Mi-as dori sa incetezi sa te mai vaicaresti pentru ca am si eu necazurile mele. Exercitii cu modul subjonctiv 1. 2. I wish he would take my advice. I regret I won’t spend my holiday in England. As prefera sa ma scol mai devreme. 20. I am sorry I was late for the party. I was sorry you were out when I called. I am sorry I don’t live in Bucharest. 11. 9. 6. I regretted the weather was bad when I was on holiday. Mi-as dori sa pot/sa am permisiunea de a imprumuta masina ta. 5. 8. It’s time we (go) home. If only I (be) in Italy now! I wish I (enter) the faculty last year. 10. As prefera sa merg la teatru. If only my telephone (work)! I wish I (not catch) a cold on the trip yesterday. I am sorry you had an accident.actrus. 2. I regret I have no children. I regret you won’t come on holiday with me. I’d rather I (stay) at home and (watch) TV. astfel incât sa inceapa cu I wish + Past Tense (afirmativ sau negativ): Model: I am sorry/I regret the weather isn’t fine. 3. 5. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de Past Tense sau Past Perfect: 1. I am sorry you live so far away. 9. I would marry you even if you (be) a pauper. 1. 8. 4. I am sorry I had no money to buy that painting. Bine ar fi sa nu fi facut atâtea greseli la lucrarea de control. You behave as if you (own) the place. I am sorry I will get fat when giving up smoking. 19. I am sorry he will not take my advice. 7. 11. 4. 6. 3.. 4.. 5. I regret I can’t go to the concert. 2. Page 6 of 8 Ex. It’s high time he (take) a job and (stop) living on his parents. I regret you didn’t win the competition. 7. astfel incât sa inceapa cu I wish + would + infinitiv scurt: Model: http://quintet. 9. astfel incât sa inceapa cu I wish + Past Perfect (afirmativ sau negativ): Model: I am sorry I lost my umbrella. 13. I am sorry they will not sign the contract. I wish the weather were fine. Puneti verbele din paranteze la forma corecta de subjonctiv: 1. I am sorry you won’t take a driving licence. I regret I have only one child. 8. 1. It is high time you (start) studying for your exam. 9. 1. I am sorry he won’t accept my proposal.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. 6. Mi-as dori sa incetezi cu zgomotul acela chiar in acest moment. 4. 14. 3. Page 5 of 8 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. Don’t treat me as if I (be) a child. am putea merge la plaja! Ti-ai dori sa fi fost invitata la petrecerea lui John? Ce pacat ca nu mai sunt tânar! As prefera sa te scoli mai devreme. I am sorry books are so expensive.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7.actrus. 10. I would rather you (close) that window. Transformati urmatoarele propozitii. 6.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. It’s time I (get) a promotion! 1. I wish I hadn’t lost my umbrella. I wish I could speak English. I wish I might borrow your car.. 5. As prefera sa mergi la teatru. 10. 18. I regretted you couldn’t come to me yesterday. Transformati urmatoarele propozitii. 7. 7. I am sorry it rains so often. I would rather you (not waste) your time! I am cold. 15. 6. Bine ar fi sa fii mai ordonata! Ce pacat ca ploua! Daca n-ar ploua. I am sorry I didn’t win the Great Prize. I regret I won’t have a phone in my new flat..html 27 of 42 . I would rather he (tell) me the truth. 3. I regret I won’t be able to read Goethe in the original. Transformati urmatoarele propozitii. I regret I am not a student. I am sorry my friend is ill. I was sorry you had got a fine. 12. 7. 2. I am sorry he will be away for such a long time. Mi-as dori sa pot vorbi engleza/sa fiu in stare sa vorbesc engleza. 12/15/04 1. 5. I am sorry I can’t play the piano. 3. 8. He would rather his daughter (not get married) so young. He wishes he (have) a good English teacher in the next academic year. 17. I am sorry you were delayed at the office. 2. 5. 1. 9. 10. 4. If only I (not forget) his phone number! He wishes his book (become) a best-seller! If only I (become) a millionaire. I regret he will stay in hospital so long.

nu ar trebui sa ma minti. Vorbesti ca si cum ai fi suparata pe mine. 3. 10. la tara. I’ve told you everything so that you (understand) my position. 3. Este foarte important ca acest contract sa fie semnat foarte curând. 13. Este important ca tu sa stii engleza bine. 4. 8. Oricare ar fi motivul.. Este necesar sa fii informat despre ce se intâmpla in tara. 11.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. Am sugerat sa-l alegem presedinte. El mi-a vorbit ca si cum nu se intâmplase nimic intre noi. 16.. 4. Insist ca tu sa accepti aceasta slujba. 5. Era demult timpul sa incepi sa citesti cartile cerute pentru examenul de literatura româna. 12/15/04 http://quintet. 18. Este imposibil ca el sa se fi intors atât de devreme. 19. I wish my car (not break down) last week. 14. 7. 4. nu ar fi trebuit sa crezi. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv sau echivalentul de subjonctiv may sau might + infinitivul prezent: 1. Oricând te vei intoarce. Ea arata de parca ar fi manechin. 14. It is desirable that they (divorce) immediately. Este enervant ca tu sa fi uitat sa-mi aduci cartea inapoi. 2. He throws money away as if he (be) a rich man. 16. 15. 8. 6. If only I (have) a brother or a sister! 7. 10. drive carefully lest you (have) an accident. Era ciudat ca el sa nu fi citit aceasta carte. Vorbeste mai tare ca sa te aud (asfel incât sa te pot auzi). you should remember your own phone number. 9. 19. Mama a hotarât ca noi sa stam acasa. Da-te la o parte ca sa vad (astfel incât sa pot vedea) ecranul. Ea se poarta cu el de parca ar fi sotul ei. 2.. 9. I have to work hard so that my company (prosper).. Directorul a cerut ca toata lumea sa fie prezenta la ora 8. I have such a boring job. I propose that we (leave) by the 9 o’clock train. Profesorul sugereaza ca noi sa citim aceasta carte. 4. Jane si-ar dori sa-mi petrec sfârsitul de saptamâna cu ea. No matter how/however absent – minded you (be). Vrei sa spui ca este probabil sa ne petrecem concediul in Bucuresti? Este necesar sa fiu prezent la aceasta sedinta? 1. She speaks about her son as if he (be) a genius. I closed the window so that it (not get) too cold. Page 8 of 8 12. It is impossible that my sister (tell) this to you yesterday. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv sau echivalentul de subjonctiv should + infinitivul prezent: 1. 8.actrus. Oricine ti-ar fi spus asta despre mine. 20. 7. It is strange that she (leave) the lights on when she left the town. Este posibil ca ea sa fie plecata din oras. 18.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. Am facut un imprumut ca sa (astfel incât sa) pot sa-mi cumpar casa. The road is wet. 17. 10. E ora 10! Nu crezi ca era demult timpul sa te scoli si sa te apuci de lucru? 15. astfel incât sa nu-l aud eu.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 7. 5. The doctor recommended that the patient (have) an operation. 12. 9. 6. E timpul sa-mi inapoiezi banii pe care ti I-am imprumutat. Oricât te-ai stradui.actrus. 6. I closed the window lest (get) too cold. El a intrat in casa fara zgomot. I’d rather you (retire) as soon as possible. 2. 8. I wish I (find) another. 17. nu te pot crede. 2. Page 7 of 8 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. 8. 6. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv sau echivalentul de sobjonctiv should + infinitivul prezent sau trecut: 1. I suggested that we (take) a taxi. All success (attend) you! I wish I (be) there when it happened. Stiu ca tu ti-ai dori sa-ti petreci vacanta intr-o tabara. Inlocuiti infinitivele din paranteze cu unul dintre tipurile de subjonctiv sau cu un echivalent de subjonctiv: 1. Prietenul meu a insistat sa merg cu el la concert. dar eu prefer sa mergi la bunicul. nu poti câstiga un astfel de concurs. 5. Este imposibil ca el sa se intoarca atât de devreme. 6. 13. El a sugerat ca noi sa cumparam aceasta casa.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. eu voi fi acasa si te voi astepta. 3. 5. Este probabil ca fiul meu sa fi luat examenul. 3.html 28 of 42 . Directorul a propus ca eu sa lucrez in alt sector. Orice mi-ai spune. 7.

I consider him to be a good student.) f. He is said to be a good writer.) Sunt situatii in care Nominativul cu Infinitivut exprima o formulare pasiva a Acuzativului cu Infinitiv: Ex. to suppose. (El a recunoscut ca stirile erau false. He considered the news to be false. Diateza activa ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ infinitiv prezent simplu: to call infinitiv prezent continuu: to be calling infinitiv perfect simplu: to have called infinitiv perfect continuu: to have been calling Diateza pasiva ¡ ¡ infinitiv prezent simplu: to be called infinitiv perfect: to have been called Forma -ing.. Verbele to make si to let sunt urmate de infinitivul scurt (fara to). verbe exprimând un ordin. a. diateza si timpuri.) d. Page 2 of 6 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri LECTIA VIII MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI CONSTRUCTIILE VERBALE In limba engleza. to like. to hear.) I expected him to come in time. I want you to go now. He admitted the news to be false. Diateza pasiva ¡ ¡ nedefinit: being called perfect: having been called Participiul trecut se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei -ed la verbele regulate.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. (Consider ca el este un bun student. to consider. to watch. to admit. Participiul prezent si gerunziul pot avea timpuri si diateza. to believe. modurile nepersonale sunt urmatoarele: infinitivul. Page 1 of 6 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . verbe exprimând perceptia senzoriala: to see. I’d like him to come with me.) c.) e.html 29 of 42 12/15/04 . Ex. to make. Acuzativ cu infinitiv Consta dintr-un verb urmat de un pronume sau substantiv in acuzativ + un verb la infinitiv. Infinitivul poate avea aspect. to cause.) He ordered the door to be locked. to allow. Nominativ cu infinitiv Consta dintr-un subiect in nominativ + un verb la diateza pasiva sau activa + un verb la infinitiv. He was made to study English. o permisiune sau o cauzalitate: to make. I made him study English. Diateza activa ¡ ¡ nedefinit: calling perfect: having called a. verbe exprimând perceptia mentala: to think.) b. I rely on you to do this.) I let him go out and play. Ex. I made him study English.) Exista câteva tipuri de verbe care accepta acest tip de constructii: http://quintet. el reprezinta forma a III-a: ¡ ¡ to call – called – called to go – went – gone Constructii cu infinitivul 1.. to hate. He is considered to be a good student. forma -ing (gerunziul si participiul prezent) si participiul trecut. to count upon/on .) 1.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.) I want John to do this.actrus. to declare.) They declared him to be the man of the year. to feel. to consider. Ex. to hear.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. Ex. to understand.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . (As vrea ca el sa vina cu mine.. (Ma bazez pe tine sa faci aceasta. Ex. I consider him to be a good student.. to believe. Adverbe exprimând dorinta sau vointa: to want. cu anumite verbe urmate de prepozitii obligatorii: to rely upon/on. (L-am vazut ca paraseste camera/parasind camera. Ex. (Vreau ca tu sa pleci acum. to expect. folosit cu verbe la diateza pasiva: to see. Ex.actrus. (Se spune ca el este un bun scriitor. Aceste verbe sunt urmate de infinitivul scurt (fara to). in cazul verbelor neregulate. to order. to dislike. to say. to know. I saw him leave the room. to expect. to suppose. (Ei l-au declarat a fi omul anului. (L-am lasat sa iasa afara sa joace fotbal. Atât participiul prezent cât si gerunziul se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei -ing la infinitivul verbelor (to call – calling). to wish. Ex. (El a ordonat sa se incuie usa. to know. (M-am asteptat ca el sa vina la timp. verbe declarative: to state. (Vreau ca John sa faca aceasta. (L-am facut sa invete engleza.

Diferenta de sens intre cele doua constructii este urmatoarea: folosirea acuzativului cu infinitiv pune accentul pe actiunea propriu-zisa. de obicei.) It is impossible for him to come. to appear ¡ la diateza activa: Ex. Daca vrem sa traducem expresia personala: „Ea e sigura ca va veni la timp" o redam in modul urmator: „She is sure the she will come in time". 12/15/04 http://quintet. (El s-a dovedit a fi un bun jurnalist. to prove. She had two sons killed in the war. Constructii cu participiul prezent 1. precum si cu verbele to find. (E usor sa fac asta.actrus. Ex. Este de asemenea sa apara situatii in care actiunea exprimata de participiul trecut este facuta de altcineva in detrimentul persoanei exprimate de subiect. (Daca vremea va permite. (Orele fiind terminate. we shall go to the beach.) Aceasta constructie arata ca actiunea este facuta de catre altcineva spre avantajul sau la ordinul persoanei reprezentate de subiect. (Am lasat-o / gasit-o plângând. to hear. b.actrus.. I will tell him where you are. He proved to be a good journalist. to turn out. to leave. (Trebuie sa-mi dau pantofii la reparat. In timp ce I saw her leaving se poate traduce numai Am vazut-o plecând. 1. Ex. a.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . It is necessary that I (should) go there. aceasta constructie este asemanatoare cu Acuzativul cu Infinitiv. cu expresiile: to be sure / likely / unlikely / certain Ex. Astfel: I saw her leave s-ar putea traduce Am vazut-o ca pleaca sau Am vazut-o plecând. It is easy for me to do this.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8.) Constructie cu participiul trecut Este formata din verbul to have sau to get + un complement + participiul trecut.) It is necessary for me to go there. Exercitii cu constructiile verbale 1. to seem. Page 3 of 6 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . ii voi spune unde esti.) I will have my hair done. Ex: The classes being over. For – phrase Consta din propozitia for + un substantiv sau pronume in acuzativ + un verb la infinitiv.) She was heard singing.html 30 of 42 . He was declared to be the man of the year. we went home.) I heard her singing..) This remains for him to decide. I-au fost ucisi doi fii in razboi. Nominativul absolut Este o constructie participiala care are un subiect al ei propriu..) In cazul verbelor de perceptie. It is impossible that I (should) come.. (Daca se va intâmpla sa-l intâlnesc.) Nota: Din nou avem in limba engleza o expresie personala care se traduce in româneste cu o expresie impersonala. She is sure to come in time. I saw him leaving (L-am vazut plecând. am mers acasa. Acuzativ cu participiu Se foloseste cu verbe exprimând perceptie senzorial: to see. (Voi merge sa ma coafez.) Nota: Ultimele doua propozitii se se pot reda in limba engleza si cu ajutorul subjonctivului. (El a fost vazut plecând.) I happened to meet him in the street.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.) Nota: Trebuie remarcat faptul ca expresia impersonala din limba româna se intâmpla sa este. to watch. (Am auzit-o cântând. M-am asteptat sa vii mai devreme. Page 4 of 6 The news was considered to be false. Ex: I must have/get mz shoes repaired. to smell. (S-a intâmplat sa-l intâlnesc pe strada. (Este necesar ca eu sa merg acolo.) If I happen to meet him.) Weather permitting. vom merge la plaja. in timp ce acuzativul cu participiu arata actiunea in desfasurare. They declared him to be the man of the year. Ex. (Aceasta ramâne sa o decida el.) 3. (Ea a fost auzita cântând. Cineva mi-a spart geamul din dormitor. 2. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind constructia Acuzativ cu Infinitiv sau Acuzativ cu Participiu: 1. tradusa cu o expresie personala in limba engleza.) I left / found her crying. Ex. I had my bedroom window broken. cu verbele: to happen. (Este imposibil ca el sa vina.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. Nominativ cu Participiu Este pasivul constructiei Acuzativ cu Participiu: Ex: He was seen leaving. (E sigur ca ea va veni la timp.

3. 12. l. I thought she was unable to win the contest. 8. we sat down to dinner. The river having risen in the night. 10. The mud having ruined my shoes. The dog was heard barking. The time has come. 9. El m-a facut sa pierd trenul. Ma bazez pe tine sa-mi imprumuti niste bani.. http://quintet. 3. I found the boy breaking the window. I don’t want you to catch a cold. 10. 8. It is necessary that he be present.. 10. we shall climb to the top of the mountain. Everybody. The plane having taken off. It is recommendable that you should read this book. 7. The concert being over. I went home relaxed. It was proved that she was a liar. 4. 6. 4. 4. L-am vazut vorbind cu prietena lui. Mama ar vrea ca eu sa devin doctor.html 31 of 42 12/15/04 . I have closed the window. 3. 8. 6. 10. We should do it now.actrus. 15. Stiam ca el e un om foarte ocupat.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. This translation is easy for me to make. 6. I could hear her typing. This fact is important. 2. El voia ca eu sa-l ajut. 6. I went shopping.. 7. It is expected that he will arrive at 2 o’clock. Presupuneam ca el stie sa conduca masina. I saw her fainting. I had to change them. 9. I cam make it. It is possible that the plane might be delayed. Treceti la pasiv urmatoarele constructii Acuzativ cu Participiu. It is sure they have had an argument. This is a valuable piece of advice.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. 3. 8. John a recunoscut ca vina era a lui. Traduceti in limba româna urmatoarele propozitii cu constructia Nominativul absolut: 1. Page 5 of 6 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . Everybody being at home. The rain having stopped. 1. 2. I saw the plane landing. 4. It’s time you started learning foreign languages. The letter being written. Ea m-a facut sa inteleg ce se intâmplase. 1. 8. Am vazut câtiva copii jucându-se in parc. It seemed that she was satisfied with me. I ordered a taxi. She heard the baby crying. I can’t solve it. I found her digging in the garden. 4. Cred ca el e un sot bun. It is necessary that you should study the matter seriously. 10. 6. I didn’t want her to miss the train. 2. 8. 9. 5. 11. It is important to know the truth. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind constructia „for-phrase": Model: This translation is easy. This is the main thing. It is possible that I might buy a car. I went to post it. It’s time we met again. 5. Reformulati urmatoarele fraze cu modul subjonctiv folosind constructia Nominativ cu Infinitiv. We should have a heart to heart talk. The people were impatient. 14. Expected that he would resign. They said she was ill. I heard the child breaking the vase. 7. She was thought to be a gifted child. You should read it. 7. 6. 9. 2. Weather permitting. 3. 7. It happened that she made three spelling mistakes in her letter. She heard the hunters shooting. 6. It is impossible that he should have said that. I-am privit jucând fotbal. I can’t believe she said that. I saw the peasants working in the field. 13. You should bear it in mind. we were seared about having floods. People believed he was a brilliant surgeon. 2. transformându-le in Nominativ cu Participiu: Model: I heard the dog barking. Am auzit-o certându-si copilul. Reformulati urmatoarele fraze cu modul subjonctiv folosind constructia „forphrase": Model: It is important that I should know the truth. It is important that you should come to the office. 9. 3.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. at once. 5. You should take it. 5. I saw her lying on the beach. 7. This is a good book. This problem is too difficult. The match was about to begin. 9. 5. 10. Folositi drept subiect pronumele subliniate: Model: Her parents thought she was a gifted child. Page 6 of 6 2. 5. They heard him repeat it several times. we hurried to the beach. 1. Inteleg ca ea e o profesoara foarte buna. The sun having risen. 3. 4.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . 2. It is advisable that you should resign. I stopped smoking.actrus. 4. the audience left the hali. The decision being taken in my favour. 5. This is a strange thing..

I5. 6. Have you paid? 19. Have you visited? 12. He has always relied. I have been asking.actrus. Is Ann knitting? 10. You drank. Did he translate? 10. I don’t have. Do you dream? I dream 9. were you doing? 7. drinks.actrus. are you thinking? I am thinking. Have you been? I have been. 12. While I was looking for my passport. Do I trust? 10. 3. 20. 9. 3. 13. He has just left. Have you read? 18. were you going. my friends played chess. Last Sunday. 9. What book are you reading? 10. 9. he is having. 4. That sounded. have you been. Is it raining? 2. Do you know? Exercitiul 4: l. I have lent. He didn’t change. On Sundays. I always made. Do I love? 2. 18. Do you smoke? 17. Did he forbid? Exercitiul 3: 1. you came in. I like to swim a lot. 5. I found this old photo.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CHEIA EXERCITIILOR-TIMPUR. 7. The secretary is just typing a report. 9. Have you watered? 3. 10. Did we work? 7. Does she talk? 3. We have known. 2. I didn’t go to the swimming pool. Who won the match the day before yesterday? 20. I don’t like coffee. 1 don’t like. he doesn’t get up early. 9. 2. 14. We didn’t work. always borrow/is always borrowing. He doesn’t have. 11. Is he telling? 4. My friend isn’t wearing. 20. The customer is just choosing a pair of shoes. 5. Do I have? Exercitiul 2: l. 7. He didn’t forbid. Exercitiul 4: 1. he was-learning. Where did you spend your holiday last summer? 15. He didn’t come. 19. 5.. at 7 o’clock in the morning? I was preparing to go to the faculty. Have you ever eaten? 13. the sun didn’t set at 8 o’clock. What are you doing? Are you reading or watching TV? 5. 6. She goes shopping on Saturdays. I do not study in the evening. I didn’t enjoy. When did you buy this TV set? 12. 8. 6. Is my mother resting? 8. Do you like? 8. I often read English books. Exercitii cu Present Perfect Simple si Continuous Exercitiul 1: l. 4. While it was raining.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. This time yesterday it was raining. Does he remember? 7. Exercitiul 2: CHEIA EXERCITIILOR LECTIA I TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICATIV Exercitii cu Present Simple si Continuous Exercitiul l: 1. You spoke. 2. 2. It isn’t raining. The radio has been playing. He has been sleeping. don’t understand. 14.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9. 5. Yesterday. 8. Now I am doing my homework in English. she has been trying. 8. The boys were playing cards when they heard their father entering the house. Do you play? 5. 19. 1t hasn’t rained. 7. Whom are you ringing up? 13. Two days ago I fell and I broke my leg. I have’ been shopping. Last week I was ill and 1 didn’t go to school. I was watching. I have already seen. Did you sleep well last night? 3. 10. Are they swimming? 6. the teacher was writing. Last night. Is the child learning? Exercitiul 3: l. We aren’t studying. 3. He met. Have you ever driven? 16. 4. remembers. 17. Did I sell? 6. He doesn’t remember. I have just had. You asked. He hasn’t come. Do they live? 8. he walks. I didn’t hate. Do you go? 16. Do you usually get. Did they drink? 3. Did I enjoy? 9. 18. Did I hate? 4. I owned. 17. Is my friend wearing? 7. 13. he realized. I entered. are you hurrying? I don’t want. He didn’t translate. He isn’t telling. Did he come? 8. Are you writing. speaks. Do I always believe? 6. 4. Am I having? 3. What do you do on your free days? 12. They hid the cards away and took out their school books. I slept. 6. I don’t love. he had. I have bought. 15. am. What are you speaking about? Exercitii cu Past Tense Simple si Continuous Exercitiul 1: 1.html 32 of 42 12/15/04 . He sat for his first exam last week. Page 1 of 4 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CHEIA EXERCITIILOR-TIMPUR. 5. Exercitiul 2: l. 6. Have you lived? I have lived. 10. 8. Page 2 of 4 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri 1. He doesn’t go to school by underground. Does he have? 9. do you do? 3.. I was talking. I haven’t written. 1 liked. have you cooked? 7. 10. At what time does John get up in the morning? 11. I was writing.. Are we studying? 9. 2. I didn’t sell.. 3. 7. go. 1 first met. 5. Yesterday I lost my gloves. she was having. it is raining. the engine – drivers have gone. She is packing her luggage. She doesn’t talk. 8. 9. 20. 8. I had breakfast and then I left for school. He has been fishing. 4. write. am taking.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9. 14. I don’t always believe. I always have. They didn’t drink. I am not having. Ann isn’t knitting. You don’t play. I was driving to Sinaia. is drinking. 2. I have been watering. http://quintet. 11 . I don’t understand. A strong wind was blowing when I left the house. My mother isn’t resting. They don’t live. 16. Did he think? 2. I haven’t been. Yesterday I got up early. 7. How often do you write to your parents? 18. 4. 10. It snows in winter. 4. You aren’t typing. He hasn’t gone. someone rang up. 1 am cooking. are you waiting? I am waiting. He didn’t think. Did he change? 5. 10. I don’t trust. I have been cooking. They aren’t swimming. What were you doing last Tuesday. When I go to the seaside. The child isn’t learning. he wasn’t wearing. 6. it often rains. I arrived. have you been wearing? 6. When did you return from the mountains? 11. 19. Are you typing? 5. I played. he was working. 17. Why are you opening the window? I5. 16. I met. 14. he has caught. I got up late yesterday morning. I am not going. 2. Do I understand? 4.

I stayed at home and I haven’t regretted it for a moment! 16. Exercitiul 3: 1. You will be. had spread. he had been. Where have you spent your holiday this year? 3. haven’t you seen? did you use? 2. They have been working on this house for a year and they haven’t finished it yet. 4. I shall/will know. I shall/will have read 8. I shall/will have saved five million lei. two years ago. 12. Exercitiul 4: 1. 7. A child has broken the window. they will be having their last English class. 3. Where will you put it? http://quintet. Have you been. it will probably be raining. 6. 10. He has been a Minister for two years. I shall/will be having. By 10 o’clock she will have finished cleaning the house. 14. 2. he told. he had got married. she had been cleaning and dusting. We have walked 10 km so far. many people will be going to work on foot tomorrow. 5. I went to bed. had been speaking. 13. 9. he left an hour ago. I have been wearing. 3. 8. Page 4 of 4 Exercitiul 3: I. 9. I had met. Have you seen today’s newspaper? 17. I shall/will be working. 18. 10. we had been walking. they had been waiting. I shall/will have been cooking. 2. had not told. 8. The weather has got warmer lately. congratulated. I had it at 8 o’clock. he had caught. She had just gone out. Exercitii cu Past Perfect Simple si Continuous Exercitiul 1: 1. 7. On Friday. I have bought a typewriter and I shall learn to type. He hadn’t done anything before he asked for my advice. I didn’t succeed. 4. By the end of the month I shall/will have seen this film 5 times. 8. She has changed. it had been raining. will be crying. Have you been to this town before? Yes. 10. 5. I spent a month here.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9. I entered. 5. 9. Page 3 of 4 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CHEIA EXERCITIILOR-TIMPUR. 5. 7. 4. How long have you been learning English? 5. 7. 10. 9. 6.. had left. What will you be doing tomorrow morning at 11 o’clock? I shall/will be visiting the international fair. 4. she had not passed. it had been raining. 3. he handed it to the teacher. 7. I shall/will succeed. You will have seen. 8. 3. He has been. You will like. 5. 2. 8. Who did you vote for at the last elections? I didn’t go to vote. 4. 10. had listened. we asked. 9. we realized. What did you look at? It was an accident. We have been walking since 3 o clock. He will be studying. 7. 4. Because of the strike of the bus – drivers. Will you recognize? 4. we left. had been cooking. I have been doing. I had returned. he went. 6. will/shall will be climbing.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CHEIA EXERCITIILOR-TIMPUR. As soon as the guests had left. 6. Exercitiul 4: 1.html 33 of 42 12/15/04 . He will be studying in the library on Monday from one to five o’clock. It has been raining. 3. I saw. I shall/will have been working. 2. They told me they had been living in France since 1980.. it had been raining. I realized I had left my bag at home. Exercitiul 4: 1. 6. Exercitiul 3: 1. Have you seen? she left. we had lost. You will not/won’t find.actrus. Who has taught you to speak English so well? 2. I didn’t phone you because I thought you had gone abroad. I shall/will remember. Look what I have bought at an auction! It’s a very beautiful object. 9. 8. I was. 9. 19. had been having. I shall/will pass. He will be. 11. 6. I shall/will have finished. He has written only two letters since he went abroad. 7. 15. It has been snowing for two hours. they had finished. I have been translating a text for two hours and I haven’t finished it yet. between twelve and one o’clock. 8. they had been. Have you ever tried? I tried. 3. Wil1 you remember? 9. I found out. I have seldom walked to my office. he had thought. began. 9. I was sorry I had hurt him. As soon as he had finished writing the paper. will have risen. When I arrived at the bus stop. 10. We shall/will have taken. Will you be needing? 5. they will have been married. I called. I have often thought of taking a driving licence. 5. 4. Exercitiut 2: 1. 7. had been climbing. 6. The train will have left before we arrive at the station. 2. she had been studying. 7. 9. He thanked me for what I had done for him. he went. had been swimming. By this time next year. 8. Has John left? Yes. 2. 7. 6. 5.. 3. 2. I returned. 10. Since I bought a car.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. will have spent. The child has been playing. she had been writing. I shall/will have paid off. Exercitiul 2: 1. 10. We must replace it. They travelled to many countries after they had got married. 5. Have you already had breakfast? Yes. 4. The secretary told me the manager had been speaking on the phone for half an hour. she told. 8. she had already been. She will be watching. 10. 3. 3.. 4.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9. I got up. 6. he had learned/he had been learning. I rang him up. 2. I got. 6. wilt be rising. had eaten. Exercitii cu timpurile „Future" Exercitiul 1: 1. I have lost. 10. 20. I shall/will be swimming.actrus. he had visited.

I had lost. I have received. 9. you see. 17. 8. 19. He asked me how many letters there are in the Chinese alphabet and I couldn’t answer him.actrus. 10. was shining. 5. had failed. I want.html dictionary and he was not sure he would find a new one in the bookshops. you spoke. 9. she looks. 10.. I didn’t remember that we had met a year before. he would win. I had heard. 10. she notices you have broken. she has learnt. 12. 6. Page 1 of 2 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA/EXERCITII CU CONCORDANTA TIMPURI. 2.. you had been wearing. there are. 4. The thief did not realize that the police had been following him for a week. 2. 3.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_2. 7. I didn’t stay at home to wait for you because I didn’t know when you would come. I promised him I would write to him when I arrived in London. you were. 2. 4.html 34 of 42 12/15/04 . 2. 12. 2. you would soon have. they had known. you see. 11. 4. 6. Exercitiul 5: 1. we reach. he had not expected. is. they have been. is. 11. he had stolen. you do. 10. 17. he had to write. he has arrived. 16. The policeman will ask me what I have seen during the accident. 9. You had to type. I usually read. I have been reading. 19. we will drink. I finish. I had not enjoyed. would be cancelled. 3. 5. do not eat. you are reading. arrive. 3. he had been travelling. they would remain. 7. 8.. 5. 6. prices would go up. 10. The secretary told me the manager was busy. he had left. I was. he would have. you have just told. you finish. is. 8. Exercitiul 7: l. I had not decided. 12. 7. he would not remember. 3. you have read.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA/EXERCITII CU CONCORDANTA TIMPURI. he would pass. 7. he would give. 3. he would finish. Exercitiul 2: 1. Exercitiul 4: 1. Page 2 of 2 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri LECTIA II Exercitii cu concordanta timpurilor Exercitiul 1: 1. 5.. Exercitiul 6: 1. she has changed. 10. Exercitiul 3: 1. 9. will soon move. melts. he has repaired. 15. he had just left. he trusted. they have done. 14. he had eaten. he would drive. he tells. 8. I had done. he would change. would not go. it would not be raining when I arrived. 4. 16. they had been listening. I would spend. 8. 9. 13. did not remember. 18. 3. I read. 5. 2. 8. 3. 4. we had been digging. he hoped. I knew you were in Bucharest. we went. I played/I was playing. had already begun. 5. 2. you were. 8. 9. they were talking. is born. you have drunk. I finish. I will earn/will be earning. 6. I have. The car I will buy will be imported from Germany. 20. 6. 15. 12/15/04 http://quintet. I will tell you the truth after I have found it myself. 14. 11. 6. 7. 7.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_2. 10. 6. he had never seen. 4. 13. 18. Father will give me a present after I have passed the exam. 5. he wanted. 20. He was very upset because he had lost his http://quintet. I work/I worked. I had not eaten. 9. I had read. 4. I would remain. you see. would end. begin. I have suffered. I was.actrus. 7.

8. Exercitiul 2: 1. Exercitiul 3: 1. 6. 12. He asked me if I could lend him a book. He asked me how I had travelled. 6. He asked me why it was so dark in that room. I had worked. 4. 9. He told me to take that pill.English. 2. He asked me if the train had left.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_3. 6. I will greet 2. 3. You will catch the train if you take a taxi. Would you have been angry if I had taken your pencil? 10. I would knit another sweater if I had more wool. 7. 8. you take. Would you be angry if I took your pencil? 9. 9. you will be. I moved. 8. He said he didn’t remember where he had bought that dictionary. 4. He asked me if I had bought that book the day before. 7. 6. It would have been. He asked me if I would help him. Mamaia would be an ideal place for a holiday if there weren’t so many people there. 4. 10 He asked me if I could speak English. you were. 3. Exercitiul 4: 1. you had driven. 10. He said he thought it was going to rain the next day. What would have happened if you had driven at a high speed? 4. He asked me if I could come to tea that afternoon. 7. it goes on. would you give him some? 3. 9. you had invited. I would have answered. 5. He told me not to smoke so much. 5. 10. He told me to ring him up when I arrived home. you would have read. I had not told. He said John had left for Sinaia two days before. 5. 2. he had tried. He said if he had been at home he would have answered the phone. If a beggar asked you for money. he would have told. He asked me if I knew what that word meant/means. What would you do if you meet John? 12. 6. He asked me what I was going to do the next day. If you hadn’t shut the window I would have been cold. she will be. I wouldn’t do. 3. you will not pass. He said he was very busy on that day. 10. the streets would have been wet. Exercitiul 4: l. What would you have done if you had met John? Exercitiul 6: l. 4. 9. He told me to write him a letter when I got to England. 5. 7. 12. 11. he would not make. Would you buy? 4. He asked me if my mother had been at home. I would have answered. If dinner is not ready in time.. 3. Will you be angry if I take your pencil? 8. 7. I will be disappointed if I don’t find out the truth. 10. 4. 9. you will be. 7. Exercitiul 1: LECTIA IV Exercitii cu vorbirea directa si indirecta 1. 2. 7. I were. will you promise? 6. I knew. He asked me when I would be back. 5. I would like the play more if it were shorter. He said the weather had been fine the day before. 11. He asked me if 1 had been at the library the day before. 8. 7. He asked me where I would spend my weekend. 2. http://quintet. I will lend. 5. 2. 8. He said he had gone to England two years before. I will answer. 3. I had known. Exercitiul 5: 1. 2. 8. 6. 4. He told me not to cross the street on a red light. 10. Exercitiul 2: 1. If it had rained. He asked me which of those cakes I preferred. 6. 5. He told me not to interrupt him when he was speaking. the streets will be wet. I gave up. He said he had spent his holiday at the seaside the year before. 2.actrus.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_4. I will eat at a restaurant.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. I would not have made. If it rained. 3. 9. He said if he had enough money he would buy a car the next year. He told me to read that text. If it rains. You would have caught the train if you had taken a taxi. 5. He asked me if I drank coffee every day. Page 1 of 1 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri LECTIA III Exercitii cu fraze conditionale Exercitiul 1: l. 2. He told me to be careful with his books. He asked me if I would like a cake. 2. 7. I will buy. You would catch the train if you took a taxi. 9. the streets would be wet. He asked me when the rain had stopped.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA/EXERCITII CU FRAZE CONDITIONALE Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 1 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU VORBIREA DIRE. He asked me who that man was. he leaves. 3. 8. 9. 8. He said she would go shopping right then. 3. What will you do if you meet John? 11. He told/asked/ordered me not to drive so fast. He told me to open the door. I saw. 5. he will get. 10. You will see him if you wait. I would buy. you will not find. 9. 8.actrus.html 35 of 42 12/15/04 . 4. He asked me if I had lived in London for a long time. 4. He asked me how long it took me to reach my office.. He said he had seen that film a week before. 7. We won’t go for a walk if the rain doesn’t stop/unless the rain stops. He asked me how long I had been learning . he had realized. 3. he would take. 5. 10. 10. you wouldn’t have got. 6. would you go? Exercitiul 3: l. 6. He said he was going to have a nap that afternoon.

Exercitiul 3: 1. 9. The doctor was called for (by us). when I passed by. 8. Exercitiul 4: 1. The patient was prescribed some pills (by the doctor).actrus. Exercitiul 2: 1. The way will be shown to us by the policeman. A new supermarket was being built in that district last month. My friend recommended me a very good doctor. 6. 8. 10. 10. This stamp hasn’t been well stuck on the envelope. Something must be done for him by his coworkers. Your bag has been found (by him). They held a reception in his honour. People mustn’t take away these books. Some pills were prescribed to the patient (by the doctor). 5. The event was commented on by all the newspapers. My friend will be invited to a party (by me). They have built this house out of stone and cement. 3. Will the details be told to him? Will he be told the details? 6. very interesting things were told to us at the conference. I was frightened by the noise.: 3. Detailed instructions will be given to us about the paper. 12. English is taught to them (by me). Was he shocked by the sight of the accident? 8. 10. The letter will be mailed as soon as possible.actrus. His proposal was objected to (by us). 4. People speak English all over the world. 2. http://quintet. Football is played all over the world. A reward will be given to me (by them). We will be shown the way by the policeman. This piece of information must be treated confidentially. The rescue party finally discovered the climber. Would your work have been finished sooner if you hadn’t been interrupted by your colleagues? Exercitiul 5: 1. The tourists were shown the museum (by the guide). 2. The professor’s lecture was listened to by all the students. Were you frightened by the tornado? 5. 15.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_5. America was discovered at the end of the 15th century. 4. Fire was set to the shed (by them). We were asked to show our passports. 6. 6. John was laughed at (by us). I’m not always told the truth by my friend. He hates people making fun of him. The work will be finished today (by them).CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU DIATEZA PASIVA Page 1 of 2 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU DIATEZA PASIVA Page 2 of 2 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri LECTIA V Exercitii cu diateza pasiva Exercitiul 1: 1. The Great Prize was awarded to the Romanian film director (by the jury). The missing child has been found (by someone). 9. 14. 3. 7. The children weren’t looked after properly (by them). John has been lent two of my books (by me). Exercitiul 6: l. The meanings of the new words must be looked up in the dictionary. 4. My TV set will be repaired by a specialist. Will the letter be written in ink? 3. The museum was shown to the tourists (by the guide). Has the TV set been repaired? 2. A new house is being built round the corner (by them). A nice present has been given to me (by them). 9.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_5. 5. 11. Foreign languages are spoken in this hotel. 8. His odd behaviour couldn’t be accounted for (by us). 4. Has the dog been fed? 7.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 2. 5. A difficult question was asked of me by the teacher. 4. 10. People will soon forget this book. 2. Two of my books have been lent to John (by me).html 36 of 42 12/15/04 . The teacher will tell the pupils where to sit. 5. 6. I was asked a difficult question by the teacher. 3. They are taught English (by me). The museum was closed for repairs. Haven’t you been told to be here at 6 o’clock? 4. I have been given a nice present (by them). 8. His bed hasn’t been slept in (by him). 8. We will be given detailed instructions about the paper. The truth is not always told to me by my friend. 13. Nothing has been heard about him since he left for Constanta. 7. 6. We were told very interesting things at the conference. Don’t speak until you are spoken to (by someone). I will be given a reward (by them). Were you told about the meeting? 9. The Romanian film director was awarded the Great Prize (by the jury). Many new blocks are being built in our district. 7. 5. 7. 9. 7. When he arrived home he realized his wallet had been stolen. The house was broken into (by burglars). 2. 9. Do you think your request will be turned down? 10. 3. All the visitors of the museum admire this painting.

would. needn’t have answered. can’t have seen. 7. It must have taken a long time. John could have been. Everybody will be allowed/permitted to borrow. 12. I will have to look up.html 37 of 42 . 3. I will have to go. 4. 7. 8. 2. Need we walk up to the chalet? 15. Everybody shall be present at the meeting. He may have been. needn’t have lent. 13. 19. needn’t have got up. 9. You were not allowed/permitted to smoke. Could you help? Will you be able to help? 9. You can’t have seen.actrus. Sensuri posibile: „Do you think he will try to enter the faculty?". didn’t need to buy. 17. Exercitiul 11: 1. 4. 4: She must be a very good doctor. You needn’t have done. 3. You needn’t carry your luggage in the station yourself. 7. 12. He must have been. 7.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_6.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_6. 5. She will be able to play. I could play the piano when I was a child. I didn’t need to ring up Jane in order to speak to her. 10. I can’t knit. 15. 10. shall. 5. I had to learn. 16. 9. 6. 8. He must be older. will. 9. needn’t have bought. 10. 8. 9. Exercitiul 7: 1. 5. needn’t have lent. can. would. will. 4. needn’t have written. 10. You won’t have to do. 5. You must have forgotten. Exercitiul 3: 1. All the children ought to/should do some housework. 9. It can’t have been. He must have been delayed. 2. needn’t. Could he speak? Will he be able to speak? 18. 14. You didn’t have to do. He needn’t have bought. 2. I must change my shoes when I enter the house because they are full of mud. would. 15. needn’t have waited. He ought to have told. He may/might have done. You might have written. He could read and write. 4. 5. will. 13. 10. I won t be able to translate. A good knowledge of English may/might help you. He can’t have passed. S. 3. 3. She will be able to lend. You must have left your umbrella. 10.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. The child will be allowed/permitted to have. 4. because she was to come to my place in half hour’s time. 3. I couldn’t translate. 8. Did you have to be? Will you have to be? 20. 8. 13. You needn’t have made 12/15/04 http://quintet. 6. mustn’t. 6. needn’t. She may/might be very late. can’t have left. 5. a porter could help you. should. mustn’t. You will not be allowed/permitted to smoke. would. He could swim. 3. mustn’t. shall. 2. 9. 14. 1 am sure I will be able to find time to help you. It can’t be his fault. 8. must have left. must have taken. The weather can’t change. You will be allowed/permitted to leave. She can’t have learned English. 7. Exercitiul 2: 1. 14. 3. 2. He will be able to swim. can. You must have known the lesson. She could lend.actrus. 5. 3. 6. Exercitiul 13: 1. 9. can. No. John must have been. She may/might have returned. 9. 4. didn’t need to see. must have been. 12. You won’t be allowed/permitted to speak. Everybody was allowed/permitted to borrow. 16. You shouldn’t have gone. must have been. 10. Could Jane type? Will Jane be able to type? 17. 2. You were not allowed/permitted to speak. can’t have done. 11.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU VERBE MODALE Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 3 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU VERBE MODALE Exercitiul 6: Page 2 of 3 LECTIA VI Exercitii cu verbe modale Exercitiul 1: 1. mustn’t. 7. Exercitiul 9: 1. You may ring me up more often when you know I am ill. She can’t have married. 2. 5. She could play. we may/might take the bus or the ski-lift. didn’t need to wait. 3. 4. will. This can’t be a true story. 8. 4. should. Exercitiul 4: l. You were allowed/permitted to leave. 6. He must have come home. 2. 4. You should have visited. 6. 2. He must have been late. It may/might be a good one. 2. I had to look up. 6. 5. 3 It might have rained. You will have to help me more today. 10. He must think. I may/might come home. The teacher told me I might skip the next class. 7. She can’t have got. shall. should. would. 7. needn’t. Exercitiul 8: l. 6. 10. It must have been. 9. 17. can’t have rained. 1. I will have to leave soon. 2. You might have paid. It may/might rain. 8. 18. „Do you think he will marry that girl?" etc. 10. He won’t be allowed/permitted to come. needn’t. didn’t need to answer. Exercitiul 12: 1. 6. 5. 3. I had to go. The child was allowed/permitted to have. can. She will be able to read and write. can’t. This must be the best. Exercitiul 10: 1. 3. He can’t be at the office. You can’t have been. I ought to/should have read the bibliography for the seminar. 16. 6. will. 4. 5. shall. would. 6. You might have changed. He was not allowed/permitted to come. 9. I will have to learn. needn’t. mustn’t. It can t have been. She may/might have been out. can’t have swum. 7. 19. 7. He may/might have been right. 6. can’t. 20. Was I not allowed/permitted to walk? Shall I be not allowed/permitted to walk? 11. 5. 8. 2. He should have gone. You can’t miss the train. 8. All the students can and must write this paper. She may/might have been angry. It can’t have been his fault. 4. Exercitiul 5: 1. should. 11. 7. will. 10.

I wish I wouldn’t get fat when giving up smoking. I wish I would spend my holiday in England. 13. You can’t have found the door open. I wished the weather hadn’t been bad when I was on holiday. Where shall we go now? 28. 12. I wish you didn’t live so far away. I wish you hadn’t had an accident. I wish you hadn’t been delayed at the office. S. 6. we went. 26. 11. 13. 12. You ought to/should have insisted.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_6. Do you wish you had been invited to John’s party? 7. 4. I wish/If only I hadn’t made so many mistakes in the test-paper! 2. 7. I wished you hadn’t been out when I called. It’s high time you started reading the books required for the exam in Romanian literature. Will you. 16.actrus. 8. I wish I could pay the piano. 22. you closed. I would rather I went/I would rather go to the theatre. stopped. 19. 14. 2. wait for a few minutes? 30. Why did you speak so loud? Somebody might have heard you. 24. 3. I wish I would have a phone in my new flat. I hadn’t forgotten. I wish I had won the Great Prize. Exercitiul 5: l. You may not speak during the exam. 3. I wish he would accept my proposal. I wish my friend weren’t ill. 18. 20. 19. 9. 18.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 2. I would rather I got up/I would rather get up earlier. 25.actrus. as I knew the information was recorded on tape. 4. he would have. 20. you owned. 9. The teacher can’t/couldn’t have been satisfied with this answer. 4. 3. Exercitiul 4: 1. his book would become. I rang you up and nobody answered. 17. 9. I wish/If only I were young again! 8. 11. Tomorrow I will have to mail the letter. I wish you stopped that noise right away! 3.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU VERBE MODALE Page 3 of 3 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU MODUL SUBJON. 10. 7. It’s time you paid me back the money I lent you. I wish it didn’t rain so often. we could go to the beach. 2. I wished you hadn’t got a fine. 10. I wish you would come on holiday with me. It’s 10 o’clock! Don’t you think it’s high time you got up and started working? 15. 16. I wish/If only it didn’t rain! If it didn’t rain. 5. 2. 9. 5. 10. She looks as if she were a model. 14. please. 8. S. 21. I wish you had won the competition. you started. I had locked it myself 27. my telephone worked.html 38 of 42 12/15/04 . he told. I would rather you went to the theatre. 23. you shall have the book tomorrow. 6. I wish I lived in Bucharest. 10.. 9. 6. I would rather you got up earlier. I stayed. today. I wish they would sign the contract. I wish you stopped complaining because I have my own troubles. 8. I promise you. LECTIA VII Exercitii cu modul subjonctiv Exercitiul 1: 1. 10. I wish I could go to the concert. 6. You can’t/couldn’t have been at home last night. Page 1 of 2 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri coffee for me. You speak as if you were angry with http://quintet. I wish he wouldn’t stay in hospital so long. I wish he wouldn’t be away for such a long time. 8. I asked to speak to the manager but he wouldn’t come to the phone. hadn’t caught a cold. I wish you would take a driving licence. I wish I were a student. watched. I wished you had been able to come to me yesterday. I wish/If only you were tidier! 5. 3. 4. I must have been still at the faculty. 1 wish I had children. he took. I wish I didn’t have only one child. I were. I didn’t need to say „thank you" when I found out the exact time by dialing number 958.. I got. you were. 29. I wish I would able to read Goethe in the original. too. Exercitiul 2: l. I wish I had money to buy that painting. I wish I hadn’t been late for the party. 6. I have already drunk two. his daughter didn’t get married. 15. 7. Exercitiul 3: 1. I would become. I wish books weren’t so expensive. I were. 4. you didn’t waste. I had entered.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_7. 7.

he were. She behaves to him as if he were his husband. 5. 10. I saw him speaking to his friend. It is possible that she might be away. 2. 10. She could be heard typing. 5. 5. 7. 3. Do you mean it is likely that we (should) spend our holiday in Brasov? 10. 9. He was believed to be a brilliant surgeon. 5. She was said to be ill. 10. 6. 4. 15. I suggested that we (should) elect him president. The baby was heard crying. 19. It’s time for you to start learning foreign languages. She (was) proved to be a liar. This is a good book for you to read. 14. 3. you may/might understand.actrus. My friend insisted that I (should) go to the concert with him. 9. 8. It is impossible that he (should) return so early. 5. I watched them playing football. you shouldn’t lie to me. 8. 5. I supposed him to be able to drive a car. it should get. 6. 19. 7. you shouldn’t have believed it. The plane was seen landing. It was strange that she shouldn’t have read this book. The teacher suggests that we (should) read this book. It is impossible that he should have returned so early. 8. 2. you should have. 20. 4. 3. you retired. 2. He entered the house noiselessly so that I might not hear him.. It is necessary for him to be present. I had been.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU MODUL SUBJON. 13. The manager requested that everybody (should) be present at 8 o’clock. 3. Exercitiul 6: http://quintet. Mother would like me to become a doctor. Exercitiul 8: 1. 6. I will be at home waiting for you. 17. 14.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_8. I made a loan so that I might buy the house. 8. 18. 2. 7. I know you wish you would spend your holiday in a camp. 11. 2. 4. Whatever you may/might tell me. It’s time for us to meet again. Whoever may/might have told you this about me.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_7. 10. 7. 5. Exercitiul 2: 1. He spoke to me as if nothing had happened between us. 3. I think him to be a good husband. 3. It is important that you (should) know English well. 20. 7. Move aside so that I may/might see the screen. but I would rather you went to your grandparents in the countryside. This is the main thing for us to do. Exercitiul 9: 1. hadn’t broken down. 9. This problem is too difficult for me to solve. It is necessary that I (should) be present at the meeting? Exercitiul 7: 1. 9. Mother decided that we (should) stay at home. 7. 6. 17. he were. we should take. should have told. 8. 4. 8. I heard her scold/scolding her child. 11. 18. The hunters were heard shooting. 8. 6. It is advisable for you to resign. It is impossible for him to have said that.actrus. you may/might be. He made me miss the train. 9. She was found digging in the garden. I expected you to come earlier.. 15. 10. She seemed to be satisfied with me. Exercitiul 6: Exercitiul 1: 1. 2. 8. Jane wishes I would spend my weekend with her. may attend. I would find. I insist that you (should) accept this job. 13. 6. 12. 2. 3. 9. 9. It is important for you to come to the office at once. It is likely that my son should have passed the exam. She made me understand what had happened. 4. It is necessary for you to study the matter seriously. 7. it might not get. This is a strange thing for her to have said. Exercitiul 5: 1.. 10. I rely on you to lend me some money. Whenever you may/might return. 2.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 1 knew him to be a very busy man. They are sure to have had an argument. she should have left. It is necessary that you (should) be informed about what is happening in the country. you can’t win such a competition. 4. 7. It is very important that this contract (should) be signed very soon. I saw some children playing in the park. 3. 16.html 39 of 42 12/15/04 . Whatever the reason may/might be. It is annoying that you should have forgotten to bring me back the book. He is expected to arrive at 2 o’clock. It is possible for me to buy a car. 4. might prosper. This is a valuable piece of advice for you to take. 12. The manager proposed that 1 (should) work in another department. I had. Speak louder so that I may/might hear you.. Page 2 of 2 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU CONSTRUCTIIL. 6. (should) have. I have closed the window for you not to catch a cold. they (should) divorce. This fact is important for you to bear in mind. 4. 4. 3. 7. He wanted me to help him. The time has come for us to have a heart to heart talk. John admitted the fault to be his. She was seen lying on the beach. No matter how hard you may/might try. Exercitiul 4: 1. 6. She was thought to be unable to win the contest. He suggested that we (should) buy this house. It is recommendable for you to read this book. Exercitiul 3: Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 2 LECTIA VIII Exercitii cu constructiile verbale 1. we (should) leave. 2. 5. He was heard to repeat it several times. The boy was found breaking the window. 8. She was seen fainting. I can’t believe you. 10. The peasants were seen working in the field. She happened to make three spelling mistakes in her letter. 5. He was expected to resign. The people were impatient for the match to begin. It is possible for the plane to be delayed. 6. The child was heard breaking the vase. 9. me. 1. I understand her to be a very good teacher. I ordered a taxi for her not to miss the train.

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html 42 of 42 12/15/04 .ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_10.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_10.actrus.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE Page 4 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE Page 5 of 5 to sew to shake to shine to shoot to show to shrink to shut to sing to sink to sleep to slide to smell to sow to speak to spell to spend to spill to spread to stand to stea1 to stick to stride Capitolul precedent sewed shook shone shot showed shrank shut sang sank slept slid smelt sowed spoke spelt spent spilt spread stood stole stuck strode Cuprins sewn shaken shone shot shown shrunk shut sung sunk slept slid smelt sown spoken spelt spent split spread stood stolen stuck stridden Capitolul urmator to swim to take to teach to tell to think to throw to understand swam took taught told thought threw understood swum taken taught told thought thrown understood to strike to strive to swear to sweep struck strove swore swept struck Index Cursuri striven sworn swept http://quintet.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.actrus.