117295092 Complete Spoken English | Part Of Speech | Linguistic Typology

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INTRODUCTION
According to their use in a sentence, all the words in English are divided into eight
parts. They are called ‘Parts of Speech’.

XH› "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ Jq K͆Çò „¬xx |\÷“, WOwÁ+¬µ…Õx „¬^Î=ò•x߆Çò 8 ƒ•ìQ®=ò•°Qê
qƒ•’lO„¬|_•#q. g\÷<Í ‘Parts of Speech’ JO^ΰ~¡°. Jq
1. Noun

2. Pronoun

3. Verb

4. Adjective

5. Adverb

6. Preposition

7. Conjunction

8. Interjection

English ƒì+¬…Õ D q^•Î=°òQê 8 ƒ•ìQ®=ò•°#ß„æ¬\H
÷ ,© g@xßO\÷…Õ Verb KŒ…ì =òY¼"³°Ø#k.
WOwÁ+¬µ…Õ Verb …è䛽O_¨ =°#O "ŒH›¼O K³„¬æ…è=ò.

„¬îië J~¡Ö=ò`Ë XH› "ŒH›¼=ò K³„¬C@䛽 ‹¬i†³Ø°# 'Verb Form' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. H›#°H›
=òO^ΰQê Verb Q®°iOz `³•°‹¬°HùO^Î=ò.
What is a Verb?
A Verb is a word used to denote an action, a state or a possession.
(Doing

-

Being

-

Having)

(K͆Çò@ Ð
LO_È°@
Ð
H›ey†ÇòO_È°@)
=°#=ò Z•Á„¬C_È° U^Ë XH› „¬x K͆ÇòKÇ°O^ΰ=ò.
=°#=ò K͆Çò „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz W`Ç~¡°•ä›½ ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. =°#=ò K͆Çò
„¬#°•#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ° =¶@•#° English Grammar …Õ "Verb' JO^ΰ~¡°. W@°=O\÷ Verbs
WOwÁ+µ¬ ƒ•ì+¬…Õ KŒ…ì L#ßq.
=°#=ò `³•°Q®°…Õ K³„¬C ㄬu „¬xx ‹¬¶zOKÇ° =¶@䛽 WOwÁ+¬µ…Õ J#°"Œ^Î „¬^Î=ò#ßk.
L^¥‚¬ì~¡}䛽 :
'"³ˆ×ÃÁ@Ñ Jx K³„¬C@䛽 'go'
'KǶKÇ°@Ñ Jx K³„¬C@䛽 'see'
'u#°@Ñ Jx K³„¬C@䛽 'eat'
'KÇ^ΰ=ô@Ñ Jx K³„¬C@䛽 'read'
'P_È°@Ñ Jx K³„¬C@䛽 'play'
D q^•Î=°òQ®ê =°#=ò U „¬xx Q®°iOz K³„æ¬ =…ÿ##ß#¶, WOwÁ+µ¬ …Õ ^¥xH÷ ‹¬i†³°Ø #
J#°"Œ^Î „¬^Î=ò LO_È°#°.
WH›ø_È =°#=ò XH› =òY¼"³°Ø# q+¬†Ç°=ò Q®=°xOKÇ=…ÿ#°. XH› „¬xx ‹¬¶zOKÇ° =¶@#°
Verb JO^ΰ~¡° Jx K³„C¬ Hùx†Çò<Œß=ò H›^¥! WOwÁ+µ¬ …Õ „
ã u
¬ Verb 䛽 =ü_È° ~¡¶„¬=ò•°O_È°#°.
g\÷<Í 'Conjugative Forms' JO^ΰ~¡°.
D =ü_È° ~¡¶„¬=ò•#° Grammar …Õ Present Form, Past Form =°i†Çò Past Participle
JO^ΰ~¡°.
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Hêx Spoken English H÷ ‹¬O|Ok•Oz#O`Ç=~¡ä½› D =ü_È° ~¡¶=ò•#° ‹¬°•ƒ•’=òQê
Q®°iëOKÇ°@䛽 g•°Qê, g\÷x =~¡°‹¬Qê "³ò^Î\÷ ^¥xx I Form Jx†Çò, ï~O_È= ^¥xx II Form
Jx†Çò, =ü_È= ^¥xx III Form Jx†Çò K³„¬CHù#=KÇ°ó#°.
D Course …Õx ㄬu Chapter …Õ ã„¬u KË@ D I, II, III Forms ㄬ†³¶Q®=ò [~¡°Q®°KÇ°<Í
†ÇòO_È°#°. H›#°H› Verb 䛽 Q®• =ü_È° ~¡¶„¬=ò•#° ƒìQ®°Qê J~¡ÖO KÍ‹¬°Hù#=…ÿ#°.

J#Qê Verb †³òH›ø "³ò^Î\÷ ~¡¶„¬=ò.
II Form J#Qê Verb †³òH›ø ï~O_È= ~¡¶„¬=ò.
III Form J#Qê Verb †³òH›ø =ü_È= ~¡¶„¬=ò.
I Form

L^¥‚¬ì~¡}䛽 :
I Form
go
see
eat
buy
do
give

II Form
went
saw
ate
bought
did
gave

III Form
gone
seen
eaten
bought
done
given

D q^•Î=°òQê WOwÁ+µ¬ …Õx „
ã u
¬ Verb 䛽 =ü_È° ~¡¶=ò•°O_È°#°. Jxß Verb •†³òH›ø 3
~¡¶„¬=ò•° =°#䛽 `³e‹²†ÇòO_ÈH›‡é=KÇ°ó. g\÷ ~¡¶„¬=ò•#° ãH›=°=òQê practice ^¥Þ~Œ
<Í~¡°óHù#=KÇ°ó#°.
Verb †³òH›ø I Form, II Form, III Form •…Õ =°#䛽 Confusion L#߆³°_È• D notes
follow JQ®°@ H›+¬“=òQê LO_È°#°. JO^ΰ=•# =òO^ΰQê J‹¬•° "Verb' J#Qê Uq°\÷? ^¥xH÷
Zxß~¡¶„¬=ò•°O_È°#°? U ~¡¶„¬=ò#° U=°O^ΰ~¡°? J#° q+¬†Ç°=ò•° „¬îiëQê J~¡Ö=°Q®°#@°Á
`³•°‹¬°Hù#=…ÿ#°. Verb J#Qê Uq°\Õ `³e‹²Hùx, Verb †³òH›ø I, II, III forms `³•°‹¬°Hùx#
`Ç~°¡ "Œ`Ç U form #° Z„¬C_È°, Uq^•ÎOQê L„¬†¶
³ yOKÇ=…ÿ<Ë rule `³•°‹¬°Hùx, practice K͆ò
Ç @
H›+¬“=ò Hê^ΰ. KŒ…ì ‹¬°•ƒ•’=òQê Verb †³ ò H› ø ‹¬ i †³ Ø ° # ~¡ ¶ „¬ = ò#° "ŒH› ¼ =ò…Õ
L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=KÇ°ó#°.
INTRODUCTION

=°~¡• XH›ª•i ƒìQê J~¡=Ö °Q®°#@°Á KÇ^=Î O_•.

WO`Ç=~¡ä›½ =°#=ò Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò?
J
J
J
J

Parts of Speech JxßO\÷…Õ Verb KŒ…ì =òY¼"³°Ø#k.
XH› „¬xx ‹¬¶zOKÇ° =¶@#° Verb JO^ΰ~¡°.
WOwÁ+¬µ…Õx ㄬu Verb 䛽 =ü_È° ~¡¶„¬=ò•°O_È°#°.
D =ü_È° ~¡¶„¬=ò•° =~¡°‹¬Qê I Form, II Form, III Form JO^ΰ~¡°

W„¬C_È° Verb †³òH›ø

I Form U q^•Î=òQê L„¬†¶
³ yOKÇ=…ÿ#° ?
II Form U q^•Î=òQê L„¬†¶
³ yOKÇ=…ÿ#°?
III Form U q^•Î=òQê L„¬†¶
³ yOKÇ=…ÿ#° ?

XHùøH›ø ^¥xx Q®°iOz q=~¡OQê <Í~¡°óHùO^Î=ò.
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REGULAR ACTION - POSITIVE FORM
=°#=ò ï~Q®°¼•~ŸQê Hùxß „¬#°•° , J•"Œ@°Qê Hùxß „¬#°•° K͆ÇòKÇ°O^ΰ=ò. =°#
J•"Œ@Á#°, =°#=ò ï~Q®°¼•~ŸQê K͆Çò „¬#°•#° W`Ç~¡°•ä›½ ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò.
J
J
J

<Í#° ㄬu ~ËA library H÷ "³ˆ×`Œ#°.
=¶ father „ã u¬ <³• camp "³ˆ×`Œ~¡°.
"Œ~¡° ㄬu <³• meeting H÷ ‚¬ð[~¡° J=ô`Œ~¡°.

J
J
J

"Í°=ò „ã u¬ ª•†Ç°Oã`OÇ cricket practise Kͪ•ë=ò.
P"³° ㄬu #=• HùO@°Ok.
=¶ brother KŒ…ì hard work Kͪ•ë_°È .

Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° XH›~¡° ï~Q®°¼•~ŸQê …èH› J•"Œ@°Qê K͆Çò „¬#°•#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq.

D q^•Î=òQê „ã u¬ ~ËA, „ã u¬ "Œ~¡O, „ã u¬ <³•, „ã u¬ ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O, Z•Á„C¬ _È°, `Ç~K
¡ °Ç Qê, ª•^•¥~¡}OQê
„¬^Í „¬^Í,=°~¡• =°~¡• ï~Q®°¼•~Ÿ Qê …èH› J•"Œ@°Qê K͆Çò XH› „¬xx ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽
" I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.
*

Note :

"ŒH›¼=ò…Õx subject 'He' 'She' 'It' (III Person, Singular Number) J~ò#„¬C_È° Verb 䛽
's' Qêx 'es' Qêx, 'ies' Qêx KÍ~¡ó=…ÿ#°.

EXAMPLES
1. <Í#° ㄬu L^ΆǰO

Hindu KÇ^ΰ=ô`Œ#°.
I read the Hindu every morning.
"Í°=ò ㄬu Pk"Œ~¡O special class H÷
attend J=ô`Œ=ò.
We attend the special class every
Sunday.
=¶ brother ##°ß studies …Õ ƒìQê

2.

3.

4.

7. <Í#° ㄬu L^ΆǰO walk H÷ "³ˆìë#°.
I go for a walk every morning.

8. "Í°=ò ㄬu Pk"Œ~¡O test "ã Œª•ë=ò.

My brother encourages me well in my
studies.
=¶ father <Œä›½ ㄬu <³• money „¬O„¬ô

9. =¶ English lecturer KŒ…ì ƒìQê
Kͪ•ë~°¡ .

My father sends me money every
month.
P"³° „
ã u
¬ ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O birthday [~¡°„¬ô

䛽O@°Ok.

She celebrates her birthday every year.
3

They visit Tirumala in January every
year.

‡ã é`Ç•‚²ìª•ë_°È .

`Œ~¡°.

5.

6. "Œ~¡° „
ã u
¬ ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O [#=i…Õ u~¡°=°•
‹¬O^ÎiŪ•ë~°¡ .

We write a test every Sunday.
teach

Our English lecturer teaches us very
well.

10. =¶ mother ã „ ¬ u ‰× x "Œ~¡ O L„¬ " Œ‹¬ O
=ôO@°Ok.
My mother fasts every Saturday.

,

11. "Œ~¡° „
ã u
¬ ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O =¶ió…Õ income tax
K³eªÁ •ë~°¡ .
They pay income tax in March every
year.

12. "³á*ìQ·…Õ `Ç~¡KÇ°Qê =~¡ÂO „¬_È°`Ç°Ok.
It often rains in Vizag.

EXERCISE

D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•.
1.
2.
3.

13. <Í#° „
ã u
¬ ~ËA P„¦‹
Ô °¬ H÷ |‹¬°•…Õ "³ˆ`× Œ#°.
I go to office by bus every day.

14.

4.

Irfan Pathan KŒ…ì fast Qê bowl Kͪ•ë_°È .
Irfan Pathan bowls very fast.

15. =¶ „ã x² •‡•…˜ Z•Á„C¬ _È° English
=¶\ìÁ_È° `Œ~¡°.

5.
6.

Our Principal always speaks English.

16. H›$‘•â ZH±•„
Ìã ‹¹ XOQË•°H÷ L^Ά°Ç O 10 Q®OII
10 xII•ä›½ =‹¬°ëOk.
The Krishna Express arrives in Ongole
at 10.10 a.m.

17. J`Ç_È° `Ç~¡KÇ°Qê `Ç#
KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì_È°.

friends

help

He often helps his friends.

7.
8.
9.
10.

18. =¶ Physics lecturer „
ã u
¬ lesson H÷ notes
dictate Kͪ•ë~°¡ .

11.

Our Physics lecturer dictates notes for
every lesson .

12.

19. H›=°•‚¬ð‹¬<£ Hê"³°_™ scenes …Õ ƒìQê act
Kͪ•ë_°È .

13.

Kamal Hassan acts well in comedy
scenes.

20. N KÇO^
ã ƒ
Î ì|° `Ç~K
¡ °Ç Qê ‡•s“ <Œ†Ç°ä›½•`Ë
KÇi󋬶ëO\ì~¡°.

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14.
15.

<Í#° ㄬu ~ËA diary "ã Œª•ë#°.
"Í°=ò ㄬu Pk"Œ~¡O match P_È°`Œ=ò.
=¶ father <Œä› ½ `Ç ~ ¡ K Ç ° Qê advise
KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì~¡°.
=¶ brother Z•Á„C¬ _È° class …Õ first rank
‡ÚO^ΰ`Ç°O\ì_È°.
P"³° north Indian dishes ƒìQê `džǶ~¡°
KÍ‹¬°ëOk.
"Œ~¡° ㄬu ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O Hê…èl…Õ tour
x~¡Þ‚²ìª•ë~°¡ .
Trains `Ç~¡KÇ°Qê late Qê #_È°‹¬°ëO\ì~ò.
<Í#° ㄬu Pk"Œ~¡O =¶ native place H÷
"³ˆ×`Œ#°.
"Í°=ò ㄬu q+¬†Ç°O =¶ father `Ë
discuss Kͪ•ë=ò.
=¶ sister Z„¬C_ȶ #=••° KÇ^ΰ=ô
`ǶO@°Ok.
J`Ç _ È ° ã „ ¬ u important point note
KÍ‹¬°ä›½O\ì_È°.
N "Œ*˜ À „ ~ò Zä› ½ ø=Qê ‚² ì On…Õ

ã ‹
¬ O¬ yª•ë~°¡ .
=¶ P„¦Ô‹¬~Ÿ =°Oz dignity maintain
Kͪ•ë~°¡ .
P"³° guests x ƒìQê treat KÍ‹¬°ëOk.
<Í#° ㄬu ~ËA 9 p.m. H÷ ETV …Õ "Œ~¡ë•°
KǶª•ë#°.

Sri Chandra Babu often discusses
with the party leaders.

Practice makes man perfect.

Z
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NEGATIVE FORM
=°#=ò Hùxß „¬#°•° J•"Œ@°…èH,› g•°„¬_HÈ › J‹¬•° K͆°Ç =ò. XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò
W`Ç~¡°•`Ë =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß„¬C_È° XH›~¡° J•"Œ@°…èH› J‹¬•°…ÿ„¬æ\÷H© K͆ǰx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz
‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò.

<Í#° J‹¬•° Hê„¦Ô ã`ŒQ®#°.
J`Ç_È° J‹¬•° Z=i=¶\ì q#_È°.
"Œ~¡° J‹¬•° taxes K³eÁOKÇ~¡°.

J
J
J

J
J
J

"Í°=ò J‹¬•° money J„¬CK͆ǰ=ò.
P"³° J‹¬•° birth day [~¡°„¬ôHù#^ΰ.
J`Ç_È° J‹¬•° Z=ih #=°à_È°.

Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° J‹¬•° Z„¬æ\÷H© K͆ǰx „¬#°•#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq.

D q^•Î=òQê J•"Œ@°…èH› Qêx, g•°„¬_HÈ › Qêh, W+¬=“ ò…èH› Qêh =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ J‹¬…„ÿ æ¬ \÷H©
K͆ǰx XH› „¬xx ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽
"Donot / Doesnot + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.
*

Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ
'I', 'We', 'You', 'They' – subject Qê

=ô#ß„¬ô_È° 'do not' =KÇ°ó#°.
'He', 'She', 'It' - subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'does not' =KÇ°ó#°.

EXAMPLES
7. <Í#° J‹¬•° \©.q. …Õ `³•°Q®° ‹Ôi†Ç°…˜•
KǶ_È#°.

<Í#° J‹¬•° #=••° KÇ^Î=#°.

1.

I donot read novels at all.

2. "Í°=ò J‹¬•°

work neglect

K͆ǰ=ò.

We donot neglect our work at all.

3. =¶ brother J‹¬•° hard work K͆ǰ_È°.
My brother doesnot work hard.

4. P"³° J‹¬•° Z=i`Ë =¶\ìÁ_È^ΰ.
She does not talk to anybody.

5. "Œ~¡° J‹¬•° rules strict Qê ‡•\÷OKÇ~°¡ .
They donot follow rules strictly.

6.

Tamil Nadu Express Ongole station …Õ

PQ®^ΰ.
The Tamil Nad Express does not stop
in Ongole station.
5

I donot watch Telugu serials on
T.V. at all.

8. J`Ç_È° J‹¬•° Z=ih care K͆ǰ_È°.
He doesnot care anybody.

9. P"³° J‹¬•° functions H÷ attend J=Þ^ΰ.
She doesnot attend functions at all.

10. "Œ~¡° Pk"Œ~¡O shop open K͆ǰ~¡°.
They donot open the shop on Sunday.

11. <Í # ° J‹¬ • °
f‹¬°HË#°.

non-vegetarian items

I donot take non-veg. items at all.

,

12. J`Ç_È° J‹¬•° Z=iH© help K͆ǰ_È°.
He does not help anybody at all.

13. "Œ~¡° J‹¬•° =°# „¬O_È°Q®•° [~¡°„¬~¡°.
They donot celebrate our festivals

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EXERCISE

D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•.
1. <Í#° J‹¬•° Hindi movies KǶ_È#°.
2. "Í°=ò J‹¬•° Sunday work K͆ǰ=ò.

at all.

14. <Í#° J‹¬•° W`Ç~¡°• q+¬†Ç°O *ÕH›¼O
KÍ‹¬°HË#°.

3. P"³° J‹¬•°
K͆ǰ^ΰ.

guest

•#° ‹¬iQê

treat

I donot interefere in others matter.

4. J`Ç_È° J‹¬•° friends `Ë move J=_È°.
15. =¶ officer J‹¬ • °
K͆ǰ~¡°.

dignity maintain

5. "Œ~¡° J‹¬•° programmes …Õ ‡•…ç¾#~¡°.

Our officer doesnot maintain dignity
at all.

16. "Œ~¡° J‹¬•° money ‡Ú^ΰ„¬ô K͆ǰ~¡°.
They donot save money at all.

17. =¶

Chemistry lecturer

dictate

J‹¬•°

6. J`Ç_È° ï~Q®°¼•~ŸQê office H÷ ~Œ_È°.
7. <Í#° J‹¬•° smoke K͆ǰ#°.
8. "Í°=ò J‹¬•° guides follow J==ò.

notes

K͆ǰ~¡°.

9. J`Ç_È° J‹¬•°
K͆ǰ_Ȱ.

juniors

encourage

Our Chemistry lecturer doesnot

10. J`Ç_È° J‹¬•° ^Í=ôx #=°à_È°.

dictate notes at all.

18. P"³° J‹¬•° |‹¬°•…Õ „
ã †
¬ ¶
Ç }O K͆°Ç ^ΰ.
She doesnot travel by bus at all.

19. =¶ principal J‹¬•° `³•°Q®° =¶\ìÁ_È~¡°.
Our Principal doesnot speakTelugu at
all.

20. P"³° J‹¬•° modern dress ^•ÎiOKÇ^°Î .
She does not wear modern dress at
all.

11. "Œ~¡° regular Qê rent pay K͆ǰ~¡°.
12. J`Ç_°È J‹¬•° x~¡°`Œ•‚¬ì„¬__
È °È .
13. =¶ brother J‹¬•° work Ì„á concentrate
K͆ǰ_Ȱ.
14. "Œ~¡° J‹¬•° =‹¬°ë=ô•° J„¬C W=Þ~¡°.
15. "Í°=ò J‹¬•° time waste K͆ǰ=ò.

Z
A rolling stone gathers no mass.

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QUESTION FORM
XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò XH›~¡° ï~Q®°¼•~ŸQê …èH› J…"Œ@°Qê K͆Çò XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz
ㄬtßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò.
J
J

h=ô ㄬu~ËA news paper KÇ^ΰ=ô`Œ"Œ?
g° brother h䛽 ㄬu <³• money „¬O„¬ô`Œ~Œ?

J
J

g°~¡° ㄬu Pk"Œ~¡O KÇióH÷ "³ˆ×`Œ~Œ?
"Œ~¡° „ã u¬ ª•s g°ä›½ ‹¬‚𬠆ǰO KÍ‹°¬ Oë \ì~Œ?

Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° XH›~¡° ï~Q®°¼•~ŸQê …èH› J•"Œ@°Qê K͆Çò „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz ㄬ‰×ßOKÇ°@#°
‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq.

D q^•Î=°òQê =°#=ò Qêx, "Í~ùH›~°¡ Qêx ~ï Q®°¼•~ŸQê, J•"Œ@°Qê, „¬^Í „¬^,Í =°~¡• =°~¡• „ã u¬ ~ËA,
„ã u¬ "Œ~¡O, „ã u¬ <³•, „ã u¬ ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O, Z•Á„C¬ _È°, `Ç~K
¡ °Ç Qê, K͆òÇ XH› „¬xx „ã t¬ ßOKÇ°@䛽
''''Do / Does + I form of the VerbÑÑÑÑ L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.
*

Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ
I, We, You, They - subject Qê
He, She,

L#ß„¬C_È° 'DoÑ
It - subject Qê =ô#ß„¬C_È° 'DoesÑ L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.

EXAMPLES
h=ô ㄬu L^ΆǰO

1.

walking

H÷ "³ˆ×`Œ"Œ?

7.

Do you go for a walk every morning?
2.

Does your aunt treat the guests well?

mostly?

father L.I.C.

…Õ „¬xKÍ‹¬°ëO\ì~Œ?

G.T. Express Ongole

8.

"Œ~¡° ㄬu ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O
[~¡°„¬ô`Œ~Œ?

Pratidhwani on E-T.V. every Sunday?
9.

g° brother x#°ß studies …Õ encourage
KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì_¨ ?

Do they celebrate the Annual Day

Does your brother encourage you in

every year?

your studies ?

P"³° g°ä›½

6.

Annual Day

g°~¡° ㄬu Pk"Œ~¡O E-TV …Õ „ã u
¬ ^•ÎÞx
programme KǶª•ë~Œ?
Do you watch the programme

…Õ PQ®°`Ç°O^¥?

Does the G.T. Express stop in Ongole?
5.

Hindi teach

KÍ‹¬°ëO@°O^¥?

Does she teach you Hindi?

10.

g°~¡° ㄬu"Œ~¡O school …Õ test "ã Œª•ë~Œ?
Do you write a test in the school every
week?

7

Zä› ½ ø=Qê

Do you read English magazines

Does your father work in the L.I.C.?
4.

magazines

g° aunt guests #° ƒìQê treat Kͪ•ë~Œ?

3.

h=ô English
KÇ^ΰ=ô`Œ"Œ?

,

EXERCISE

'Wh' QUESTIONS
11.

12.

g°~¡° „
ã u
¬ ~ËA ª•†Ç°Oã`OÇ Hã Hï÷ \˜ ZH›ø_È
practise Kͪ•ë~°¡ ?

D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•.

Where do you practise cricket every
evening?

1. h=ô ï ~ Q® ° ¼•~Ÿ Q ê ‚² ì O^Î ¶ À „ „¬ ~ ¡ °
KÇ^ΰ=ô`Œ"Œ ?
2. g°~¡ ° college …Õ games practise
KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì~Œ ?
3. g° brother U.S.A. …Õ x=t‹¬°ëO\ì~Œ ?
4. P"³° z#ß z#ß H›^ŠÎ•° ã"Œ‹¬°ëO@°O^¥ ?
5. "Œ~¡° „
ã u
¬ ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O income tax pay
KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì~Œ ?
6. g° Principal Z„¬ C _È ¶ English …Õ<Í
=¶\ìÁ_È°`Œ~Œ ?
7. H›=°•‚¬ð‹¬<£ ‚²ìOn ‹²x=¶•…Õ ä›•_¨
#\÷‹¬°ëO\ì_¨?
8. WH›ø_È `Ç~¡KÇ°Qê =~¡ÂO „¬_È°`Ç°O@°O^¥ ?
9. g°ä›½ college …Õ English Z=~¡° teach
KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì~¡° ?
10. WO_•†Ç°<£ H
ã Hï÷ \˜ \©"°£ …Õ h=ô Z=ix like
Kͪ•ë=ô?
11. h=ô ª•^•¥~¡}OQê U dictionary refer
KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì=ô?
12. „² < ŒH÷ x express XOQË•°H÷ Z„¬ C _È °
=‹¬°ëOk?
13. ZO^ΰ䛽 J`Ç_È° Z•Á„¬ôC_È° time waste
KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì_È°?
14. g°~¡° D house H÷ <³•ä›½ ZO`Ç rent pay
KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì~¡°?
15. XH› one-day match …Õ XH› bowler
ª•^•¥~¡}OQê Zxß overs bowl
KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì_È°?

h=ô ª•^•¥~¡}OQê Z„¬C_È° xã^…Î ªè •ë=ô ?
When do you usually wake up ?

13.

g° father ㄬu<³•
"³ˆ×`Œ~¡° ?

Hyderabad

ZO^ΰ䛽

Why does your father go to Hyderabad
every month ?
14. Mrs. Malathi

g°ä›½ U

subject teach

Kͪ•ë~°¡ ?
Which subject does Mrs. Malathi teach
you ?
15.

h=ô ㄬu ~ËA college H÷ Z…ì "³ˆ×`Œ=ô ?
How do you go to college everyday ?

16.

g° father h䛽 <³•ä›½ ZO`Ç
„¬O„¬ô`Œ~¡° ?

money

Howmuch money does your father
send you every month ?
17.

g°~¡ ° P„¦ ¬ Ô ‹ ¬ ° …Õ ~ËAH÷ Zxß Q® O @•°
„¬xKͪ•ë~°¡ ?
Howmany hours do you work in your
office everyday ?

18.

g° business Z=~¡° KǶ‹¬°ëO\ì~¡° ?
Who looks after your business ?

19.

ã „ ¬ u ~ËA L^Î † Ç ° O h=ô Uq°
f‹¬°ä›½O\ì=ô ?
What do you take every morning ?

20.

: 94406 16425

g° elder brother ZH›ø_È „¬xKÍ‹°¬ Oë \ì_È°?
Where does your elder brother
work ?

Honesty is the best policy.

Z
8

,

: 94406 16425

NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM
XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò XH›~°¡ J•"Œ@°…èH› ~ï Q®°¼•~ŸQê J‹¬…„
ÿ æ¬ \H÷ © K͆°Ç x XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz
negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò.
J
J

h=ô J‹¬•° Hindi movies KǶ_È"Œ ?
J`Ç_È° J‹¬•° Z=ih care K͆ǰ_¨ ?

J
J

g°~¡° J‹¬•° Hê…è[…Õ games P_È~Œ ?
P"³° J‹¬•° Z=i`Ë#¶ =¶\ìÁ_È^¥ ?

Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° XH›~¡° ï~Q®°¼•~ŸQê …èH› J•"Œ@°Qê K͆ǰx „¬#°•#° ㄬtßOKÇ°@#°
‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq.

D q^•Î=òQê =°#=òQêx, "Í~ùH›~¡°Qêx J…"Œ@° …èH›Qêh, W+¬“O…èH›Qêh, g•°„¬_ÈH›Qêh
J‹¬…ÿ„¬æ\÷H©K͆ǰx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽
"Don't /Doesn't + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.
*

Note :

"ŒH›¼=ò…Õx

Subject -

J~ò#„¬C_È° 'Don't'
J~ò#„¬C_È° 'Doesn't' =KÇ°ó#°.

I, We, You, They
He, She, It

EXAMPLES
1. h=ô J‹¬•° #=••° KÇ^ΰ="Œ ?

6. "Œ~¡° J‹¬•° =°# „¬O_È°Q®•° [~¡°„¬~Œ ?

Don't you read novels at all ?

Don't they celebrate our festivals at all?

2. g°~¡° Sunday classes H÷ attend J=~Œ?

7. h=ô J‹¬•° cotten shirts ^•ÎiOKÇ"Œ ?

Don't you attend classes on Sundays?

Don't you wear cotten shirts at all ?

3. J`Ç_È° J‹¬•° Z=iH© help K͆ǰ_¨ ?
Doesn't he help others at all ?

4. P"³° J‹¬•° WO\ÕÁ #°O_• |†Ç°@䛽 ~Œ^¥?
Doesn't she come out of the house ?

5.

G.T. Express p~Œ•…Õ

PQ®^¥ ?

Doesn't the G.T. Express stop in
Chirala?

9

8. h=ô J‹¬•° ^Í=ôx #=°à"Œ ?
Don't you believe in God ?

9. D camera „¬x K͆ǰ^¥ ?
Doesn't this camera function ?

10. g°~¡° J‹¬•° non-veg. food f‹¬°HË~Œ ?
Don't you take non-veg. food at all ?

,

: 94406 16425
EXERCISE

'Wh' QUESTIONS

D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•.

11. h=ô ZO^ΰ䛽 H›+„
“¬ _
¬ • „¬xK͆°Ç =ô ?
Why don't you work hard ?

1.

h=ô J‹¬•° sweet like K͆ǰ"Œ ?

2.

g°~¡° J‹¬•° English =¶\ìÁ_È~Œ ?

3.

J`Ç_°È J‹¬•° H›+„
“¬ _
¬ • „¬xK͆°Ç _¨ ?

4.

P"³° J‹¬•° friends Wˆ×¤ä›½ "³ˆ×¤^¥ ?

Why doesn't he concentrate on
studies ?

5.

"Œ~¡° J‹¬•° taxes pay K͆ǰ~Œ ?

15. P"³° ZO^ΰ䛽 Z=i`Ë#¶ =¶\ìÁ_È^ΰ?

6.

D 䛽H›ø Z=ih H›~¡=^¥ ?

7.

J`Ç_È° Z=i =¶\ì q#_¨ ?

8.

h=ô J‹¬•° U q+¬†Ç°=ò „¬\÷“OKÇ°HË"Œ?

9.

g° father x#°ß Ug° J#~Œ ?

12. g°~¡° ZO^ΰ䛽 games practise K͆°Ç ~¡°?
Why don't you practise games ?

13. h=ô ZO^ΰ䛽 early Qê xã^Î …è==ô ?
Why don't you wake up early in the
morning ?

14. J`Ç_°È ZO^ΰ䛽 studies „
Ì á ‰ã ^
× íÎ KǶ„¬_°È ?

Why doesn't she speak to others ?

16. J`Ç_È° ZO^ΰ䛽
attend Hê_È° ?

regular

duty

Why doesn't he attend the duty
regularly ?

17. h=ô ㄬu <³• ZO^ΰ䛽
K͆ǰ=ô ?

money save

10. h=ô J‹¬•° fountain pen use K͆ǰ"Œ?

Why don't you save money every
month ?

18. h=ô job HË‹¬O ZO^ΰ䛽 serious Qê try
K͆ǰ=ô ?
Why don't you try for a job seriously ?

19. D "³òH›ø ZO^ΰ䛽 ‡Ú_È=ôQê Ì„~¡Q®^ΰ ?
Why doesn't this plant grow tall ?

20. h=ô ZO^ΰ䛽 J‹¬•° Z=i`Ë
K͆ǰ=ô ?

friends

Why don't you make friends with
others ?

11. h=ô P~ËQ®¼O ZO^ΰ䛽 care f‹¬°HË=ô ?
12. ##°ß J~¡ÖO KÍ‹¬°Hù<ÍO^ΰ䛽 ZO^ΰ䛽 try
K͆ǰ=ô ?
13. g°ï~O^ΰ䛽 J`Çxx #=°à~¡° ?
14. "Œ~¡° J‹¬•° ZO^ΰ䛽 rules ‡•\÷OKÇ~°¡ ?
15. #H›Æã`Œ•° „¬Q®•° ZO^ΰ䛽 H›#|_È=ô ?

Fortune favours the bold.

Z
10

My brother always reads books. Negative Question Form J#° 4 parts <Í~°¡ óä½› <Œß=ò. Does he ofen go to Vizag ? NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM : =°#=ò J•"Œ@° …èH›. Positive Form 2. My father doesn't tolerate indiscipline. J•"Œ@°Qê. nx…Õ 1. They work hard. nxx grammar …Õ Simple Present Tense JO\ì~¡°. 4. I take coffee every morning. 4. 3. QUESTION FORM : =°#=ò ï~Q®°¼•~Ÿ Qê. Question Form 4. Doesn't she cook well ? . NEGATIVE FORM : =°#=ò J•"Œ@°…èH›. 2. „¬ ^ Í „ ¬ ^ Í KÍ † Ç ò XH› „¬ x x ‹¬ ¶ zOKÇ ° @ä› ½ The First form of the Verb L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. W+¬“O…èH› J‹¬•° Z„¬æ\÷H© K͆ǰx XH› „¬xx ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "donot / doesnot + I form of the verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. She doesn't see movies. 3. They do not neglect work at all. ï~Q®°¼•~ŸQê K͆ǰx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã „ ¬ t ß O KÇ ° @#° ‹¬ ¶ zOKÇ ° @ä› ½ "Don't / Doesn't + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.. Do you wake up early in the morning ? 2. 4. Ex : 1.Doesn't she go to movies at all ? 3. D 4 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò. Do they conduct tests every week ? 4. I don't smoke at all. Ex : 1. 2. 1. Does she paint pictures ? 3. 3. J•"Œ@°Qê. Don't you ride a bike ? 2. POSITIVE FORM : =°#=ò ï ~ Q® ° ¼•~Ÿ Q ê. : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ 'I form of the verb' Q®°iOz <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. Ex : 1. „¬^Í„¬^Í K͆Çò XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz W`Ç~¡°•#° ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Do/Does + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Don't they come to your house at all ? 11 4. g•°„¬_ÈH›. Ex : 1. Negative Form 3. 2. My father sends me money every month.

Question Form. Dream dreamt dreamt 14. Choose chose chosen 9. : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs. Break broke broken 3. Buy bought bought 6. Chide chid chidden 8. Find found found Meaning P~¡Oa•OKÇ°@ „¬Q®°•Qù@°“@ `³KÇ°ó@ xiàOKÇ°@ Hù#°@ JO^ΰHù#°@ p"Œ@°Á Ì„@°“@ Z#°ßHù#°@ =KÇ°ó@ ‡ã •ä›½@ x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ°@ w†Çò@. Drink drank drunk 15. Drive drove driven 16. Draw drew drawn 13. . Fall fell fallen 18. Eat ate eaten 17. Z 12 There is no success without hardship. "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O. …ìQ®°@ H›•Q®#°@ ã`ŒQ®°@ #_È°„¬ô@ u#°@ „¬_È°@ J#°ƒ•’¶u ‡ÚO^ΰ@ ‡é~Œ_È°@ H›#°Qù#°@ D ~ËA Spoken English lesson …Õx Positive Form.. Bring brought brought 4. Negative Form. Catch caught caught 7. Come came come 10 Creep crept crept 11. Begin began begun 2. Feel felt felt 19. Build built built 5. Fight fought fought 20. Deal dealt dealt 12. Negative Question Form ƒìQê <Í~°¡ óä½› <Œß~°¡ H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 4 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. I Form II Form III Form 1.

"Œ~¡° last year <³•¶Á~°¡ H÷ shift J~ò<Œ~¡°. Q®`Ç <³•. We saw the exhibition last week. They vacated that house last month. 4.Rama Rao formed the Telugu Desam Party in 1983. Plural U^³á##° 'Verb †³òH›ø II form' =KÇ°ó#°. I helped my friend yesterday. J <Í#° x#ß train miss J~ò<Œ#°. 3. x#ß <³•¶Á~°¡ …Õ ƒ•ìsQê =~¡ÂO „¬_•#k. "Í°=ò last week exhibition KǶ‰§=ò.. : 94406 16425 PAST ACTION XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ „¬îië KÍ‹# ² XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ° KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. She passed M.A. 10. P"³° last year M. =¶ brother last month Delhi "³ˆìÁ_È°. last year. It rained heavily in Nellore yesterday. 5. pass J~ò#k. N=°u WOk~Œ QêOn• 1984…Õ KÇx‡é †Ç¶~¡°. 8.T. late Qê The Pinakini Express arrived one hour late yesterday. I wrote a letter to my father yesterday. Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ „¬îië KÍ‹²# „¬#°•#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. . J#Qê P „¬x =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_È° KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#䛽 „¬îië J~ò#k. J J "Í°=ò last Sunday XH› Hindi movie KǶ‰§=ò. Sri N. Indira Gandhi died in 1984. N Z<£. My brother went to Delhi last month. Q®`Ç "Œ~¡O. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› Q®`OÇ …Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^³#á #° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ „¬îië KÍ‹#² XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "II form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. x#ß „²<ŒH÷x ZH±•„ Ìã ‹¹ XH› Q®O@ =zó#k.\÷. 6.A. Smt.Singular. <Í#° x#ß =¶ friend H÷ help K͉§#°. ~Œ=¶~Œ=ô 1983 …Õ `³•°Q®° ^͉O× ‡•s“ U~Œæ@° K͉§~¡°. 13 7. 9. J <Í#° x#ß „¬sH›Æ „¦ÔA K³eÁOKŒ#°. Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject . D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› Yzó`"Ç °³ #Ø ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ J#Qê x#ß. EXAMPLES 1. "Œ~¡° lastmonth P W•°Á Mìm K͉§~¡°. 2. <Í#° x#ß =¶ father H÷ letter ã"Œ‰§#°.

\÷. 11.S. 12 passengers died in the road 1. 14. accident near Guntur yesterday. <Í#° ~Œãu XH› English novel KÇk"Œ#°. 7. Sri Chandra Babu became the Chiefminister in 1996. x#ß \ ÷ match …Õ ‹¬ z <£ >ÿ O _È ¶ •ø~Ÿ Ì‹OKÇ°s K͉§_È°. 4. 19. H›…Hÿ ~“› Ÿ x#ß =¶ =°O_È•O…Õ „¬~¼¡ \÷OKŒ~¡°. "Œ~¡° last month XH› new book publish K͉§~¡°. …Õ cricket match KǶ‰§#°. 13.. N KÇ O ã ^ Î ƒ ì|° 1996…Õ =òY¼=°Oã u J~ò<Œ~¡°. ~Œ=¶~Œ=ô 360 ‹²x=¶•…Õ #\÷OKŒ~¡°.A. N Z<£. The Collector toured in our Mandal yesterday. 11. "Œ~¡° last year D business start K͉§~¡°. She completed S. <Í#° x#ß leave H÷ apply K͉§#°. 3. <Í#° x#ß text books Hù<Œß#°. 2.S.C. 6. <Í#° x#ß T. =¶ father last month Nellore H÷ transfer ‡ÚO^¥~¡°. 13. =¶ grand father 1997 …Õ KÇx‡é†Ç¶~¡°. "Í°=ò last Sunday picnic "³ˆì¤=ò. : 94406 16425 EXERCISE Kumble 7 wickets D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. x#ß Q®°O@¶~¡° ^ÎQ~¾® ¡ ~Ë_È°Û „ ã = ¬ ¶^ÎO…Õ 12 =°Ok ㄬ†Ç¶}÷䛽•° KÇx‡é†Ç¶~¡°. P"³° x#ß guests #° KŒ…ì ƒìQê =°~Œ¼^Î KÍ‹²Ok. 18. =òY¼=°Oã u x#ß =~¡ ^ Î ã ‡ •O`Œxß ‹¬O^ÎiÅOKŒ~¡°. „¬îië K͉§_È°. 12. =¶ father last year promotion ‡ÚO^¥~¡°.V. 8. "Í°=ò last Sunday =¶ cousin marriage H÷ attend J~ò<Œ=ò. 14. „¬îië KÍ‹²#k. 16. 17. "Í°=ò last time „¬sH›Æ•H÷ ƒìQê prepare J~ò<Œ=ò. x#ß \ ÷ match …Õ f‰§_È°. I applied for leave yesterday. 9. "Œ~¡° last month family <³•¶Á~¡°H÷ shift KÍ‹²<Œ~¡°. 12. 20. Z 14 . "Í°=ò last Sunday meeting cancel K͉§=ò. Kumble took 7 wickets in the match yesterday. 10. 16. J`Ç_È° last year B. 5. =¶ cousin last year Intermediate fail J~ò#k. My father got a promotion last year. 17. 15. P"³° 1994…Õ S. "Í°=ò last Sunday English test KŒ…ì ƒìQê ã"Œ‰§=ò. Work is Worship. x#ß "Œ~¡° =¶ proposal u~¡‹¬øiOKŒ~¡°. in 1994. My cousin failed in Intermediate last year.C. We attended our cousin's marriage last Sunday. They shifted the family to Nellore last month. 15.

. I didnot go to college yesterday. Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`ÇO…Õ XH›~¡° K͆ǰx „¬#°•#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. 2. 4. We didnot attend the special class last Sunday. Kumble didnot play in the match yesterday. =¶ brother last time job H÷ ㄬ†Ç°`ÇßO K͆ǰ…è^ΰ. "Œ~¡° last year annual day [~¡°„¬…è^ΰ. Q®`<Ç •³ . It didnot rain in Ongole last night. . * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject . J J J J "Í°=ò last time [#àƒ•’¶q°…Õ ‡•…ç¾#…è^°Î . Q®`"Ç Œ~¡O. 7. D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ J#Qê x#ß Qêx. J`Ç_È° x#ß <Œä›½ books W=Þ…è^ΰ. <Í#° x#ß Hê…èlH÷ "³ˆ×¤…è^ΰ. "Í ° =ò last K͆ǰ…è^ΰ. EXAMPLES 1. 10. 5. 9. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› Q®`ÇO…Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³á##¶ =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° K͆ǰx XH› „¬xx ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Did + not + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Plural U^³á##¶ 'did not + I form' =KÇ°ó#°. <Í#° x#ß friends x H›•°=…è^ΰ. They didnot celebrate the annual day last year. I didnot post that letter yesterday. "Í°=ò last week English test " ã Œ†Ç°…è^°Î . ~Œãu XOQË•°…Õ =~¡ÂO „¬_È…è^ΰ. "Í°=ò last Sunday special class H÷ attend J=…è^ΰ. We didnot write English test last week. <Í#° x#ß P letter post K͆ǰ…è^ΰ. x#ß\÷ match …Õ Kumble P_È…è^ΰ.Singular. 8. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM =°#=ò Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ Hùxß „¬#°•° KÍ‹† ² ò Ç O_È=ò. XHùøH›ø ª•i W`Ç~¡°•`Ë =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß„¬ô_È° Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~¡° K͆ǰx XH› „¬xx ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. P"³° x#ß computer class H÷ ~Œ…è^ΰ. 3. =¶ brother last time EAMCET H÷ appear J=Þ…è^ΰ. My brother didnot appear for the EAMCET last time. 15 6. month mess bill pay We didnot pay the mess bill last month. She didnot come to the computer class yesterday.

14. =¶ English f‹¬°HË…è^ΰ. 13.V. 18. <Í#° ~Œãu ~ö _•†³¶…Õ "Œ~¡•ë ° q#…è^°Î . "Œ~¡ ° last time =¶ä› ½ JH› ø _È =‹¬ u H›eæOKÇ…è^ΰ. I didnot believe his words yesterday. =¶ Hindi teacher x#ß class …Õ papers correct K͆ǰ…è^ΰ. Sri Venkaiah Naidu didnot contest in the elections last time. <Í#° ~Œãu \©. <Í#° x#ß news KǶ_È…è^ΰ. chief guest ‹¬ i Qê 7. 5. 12.. 1. 15. x#ß "Œ~¡° shop `³~¡°=…è^ΰ. x#ß lecturer class 4. 20. Maths H÷ coaching I didnot take coaching for Mathematics last time. They didnot help us last time. "Œ~¡° x#ß <Œä›½ P q+¬†Ç°O `³e†Ç° „¬~¡KÇ…è^ΰ. I didnot watch the news on T. <Í # ° last time f‹¬°HË…è^ΰ. 9. 17. last month <Œä›½ money My father didnot send me money last month. 8. work complete Z Necessity is the mother of invention. "Œ~¡ ° x#ß JH› ø _È K͆ǰ…è^ΰ. 10. 11. <Í#° x#ß leave H÷ apply K͆ǰ…è^ΰ. 15. <Í#° x#ß J`Çx =¶@•° #=°à…è^ΰ. <Í#° last W=Þ…è^ΰ. 16. 6. time J`Ç x letter H÷ reply 2. =¶ brother last year college …Õ KÍ~…¡ ^ è °Î . "Í°=ò last month rent pay K͆ǰ…è^ΰ. Q®`Ç ZxßH›•…Õ N "³OH›†Ç°¼<Œ†Çò_È° ‡é\© K͆ǰ…è^ΰ. ‡é~ò# ª•i P"³° =°=òà•#° H÷ invite K͆ǰ…è^ΰ. 16 . last night. x#ß meeting …Õ =¶\ìÁ_È…è^ΰ. They didnot inform me that matter yesterday. 11. : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. =¶ father „¬O„¬…è^ΰ. 3. 12. =¶ manager last week <Œä›½ leave grant K͆ǰ…è^ΰ. 19. Our manager didnot grant me leave last week. P"³° x#ß =¶ WO\÷H÷ ~Œ…è^ΰ. paper …Õ P ㄬH›@# 13. function She didnot invite us to the function last time. <Í#° x#ß •OKŸ f‹¬°HË…è^ΰ. <Í#° x#ß class …Õ notes ã"Œ†Ç°…è^ΰ. 14. They didnot open the shop yesterday. Last time "Œ~¡° =¶ä›½ help K͆ǰ…è^ΰ.q. "Œ~¡° ‡é~ò# ‰×ÃãH›"Œ~¡O =¶ä›½ ‰×•=ô ㄬH›\÷OKÇ…è^ΰ.…Õ #¶¼‹¹ KǶ_È…è^ΰ.

A. join Did your brother join M. English Madam x#ß class …Õ new lesson teach KÍ‹²O^¥ ? Did the English Madam teach a new lesson in the class yesterday ? x#ß ~Œãu WH›ø_È =~¡ÂO „¬_•#^¥? Did it rain here last night? 17 7. last month? "Œ~¡° last year family Hyderabad 䛽 shift KÍ‹²<Œ~Œ ? Did they shift their family to Hyderabad last year? Sunday cricket match Did you play a cricket match last Sunday? 3. x#ß match …Õ KÍ‹²<Œ_¨? Laxman century Did Laxman make a century in the match yesterday ? last month M. Plural U^³á##¶ 'Did' =KÇ°ó#°.C. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject . Last Sunday g°~¡° E-TV programme KǶ‹²<Œ~Œ? …Õ special Did you watch the special programme on E-TV last Sunday ? 9. h=ô x#ß P letter post KÍ ‹ ² < Œ"Œ? Did you post that letter yesterday? 2. 5. h=ô last week ‹ Ì q°<Œ~Ÿ …Õ ‡•…ç¾x<Œ"Œ? Did you participate in the seminar last week ? . Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› Q®`ÇO…Õx =°i †Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³á##¶ =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° „¬îië KÍ‹²# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@䛽 " Did + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. D q^•Î=°òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ J#Qê x#ß. Q®`<Ç •³ .Singular. g°~¡ ° last P_•<Œ~Œ? g° brother J~ò<Œ_¨ ? 4.A. EXAMPLES 1.C. Q®`"Ç Œ~¡O. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ „¬îië KÍ‹# ² XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò.. J J g°~¡° Q®`Ç <³• house rent pay KÍ‹²<Œ~Œ? P"³° x#ß q°=òà•#° party H÷ invite KÍ‹²#^¥? J J "Œ~¡° Q®`Ç <³• P W•°Á Mìm KÍ‹²<Œ~Œ? h=ô x#ß English class H÷ attend J~ò<Œ"Œ? „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ „¬îië KÍ‹# ² „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz „ ã t ¬ ßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. 6. g°~¡° last week u~¡°=°• visit KÍ‹²<Œ~Œ? Did you visit Tirumala last week ? 10. 8.

x#ß g°\÷OQ·ä›½ guest Qê g°~¡° Z=ix invite KÍ‹²<Œ~¡°? Whom did you invite as the guest to the meeting yesterday? 20.. h=ô x#ß marriage …Õ P"³ ° ä› ½ Uq° present KÍ‹²<Œ=ô ? What did you present her in the marriage yesterday ? 14. Z 18 . Silence is gold. J`Ç_È° x#ßh䛽 Uq° K³„²æ<Œ_È° ? 14. g°~¡° D business Z„¬C_È° ‡ ã •~¡Oa•Oz <Œ~¡° ? When did you start this business ? 13. h=ô x#ß new dress Hù<Œß"Œ ? 2. g°~¡° x#ß exam. h=ô last month P job H÷ ZO^ΰ䛽 resign KÍ‹²<Œ=ô ? 11. h䛽 D watch Z=~¡° present KÍ‹< ² Œ~¡°? 15. Ja•…ì+¬ #=• Z=~¡° "ã Œ‹²<Œ~¡° ? Speech is silver. h=ô Hyderabad #°O_• =zó<Œ=ô? Z„¬C_È° 13. WO`Ç z#ß =†Ç°‹¬°•…Õ<Í J`Ç_È° Bank officer Z…ì J~ò<Œ_È°? How did he become Bank officer at such a young age? month house rent pay 6. „¬îië KÍ‹< ² Œ_¨? 5. EXERCISE 'Wh' QUESTIONS 11. h=ô WO@sà_•†³°\˜ ZH›ø_È KÇkq<Œ=ô ? Where did you study Intermediate ? 12. Last time P"³° Uq° Hù#ßk ? 10. x#ß match …Õ Agarkar Zxß wickets D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. "Œ~¡ ° last KÍ‹²<Œ~Œ? KÍ‹²<Œ=ô? Howmany questions did you answer in the examination yesterday? 19. g°~¡° D letter x#ß receive KÍ‹°¬ 䛽<Œß~Œ? 3. f‹²<Œ_È°? Howmany wickets did Agarkar take in the match yesterday? 17. x#ß „¬sH›Æ…Õ h=ô Zxß questions answer : 94406 16425 month hä› ½ money g° friends h䛽 ƒìQê operate KÍ‹²<Œ~Œ ? Last time co- 8. g° brother last year P.G. g°~¡° sudden Qê P house ZO^ΰ䛽 Mìm KÍ‹²<Œ~¡° ? Why did you vacate that house suddenly ? 15. g°~¡° last Sunday exhibition "³o¤<Œ~Œ? 4. g° father last „¬O„²<Œ~Œ ? 7. x#ß g°~¡° ZH›ø_•H÷ "³o¤<Œ~¡° ? 9. ~Œãu g°~¡° U movie KǶ‹²<Œ~¡° ? Which movie did you see last night? 16. 1. "Œ~¡ ° last year business …Õ ZO`Ç amount invest KÍ‹²<Œ~¡°? Howmuch amount did they invest in the business last year? 18. Z…ì ã"Œ‹²<Œ~¡° ? 12.

last Sunday ? 3.. Q®`Ç <³•.V. ~Œãu WH›ø_È =~¡ÂO „¬_È…è^¥ ? Didn't it rain here last night ? 6. x#ß h=ô college H÷ "³ˆ×¤…è^¥ ? 2. Last time J`Ç_È° h䛽 help K͆ǰ…è^¥ Didn't he help you last time ? 4. EXAMPLES 1. g° father last month h䛽 money „¬O„¬…è^¥ ? P"³° x#ß q°=òà•#° party H÷ invite K͆ǰ…è^¥? J J J J g°~¡° last Sunday g° T~¡° "³ˆ×¤…è^¥ ? h=ô x#ß J`Çxx H›•°=…è^¥ ? Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`ÇO…Õ K͆ǰx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. …Õ programme Didn't he contest in the elections last time ? KǶ_È…è^¥ ? Didn't you watch the programme on T. Q®`"Ç Œ~¡O. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. P"³ ° last Hê…è^¥ ? year EAMCET H÷ appear Didn't she appear for the EAMCET last year ? 9. D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ J#Qê x#ß. Plural U^³á##° 'Didn't + I form' =KÇ°ó#°. P†Ç ° # ZxßH› • …Õ ‡é\© Didn't you go to college yesterday ? K͆ǰ…è^¥? Last Sunday g°~¡° T. "Œ~¡° last year Annual Day celebrate K͆ǰ…è^¥ ? Didn't they celebrate the Annual Day last year ? 10. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› Q®`ÇO…Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³á##° XH›~¡° K͆ǰx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Didn't + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ K͆ǰx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. Last month K͆ǰ…è^¥ ? g°~¡ ° ? house rent pay Didn't you pay house rent last month ? 5. 7. x#ß g°\÷OQ·…Õ g°~¡° D q+¬†Ç°O discuss K͆ǰ…è^¥ ? Didn't you discuss this matter in the meeting yesterday? .V. "Œ~¡ ° x#ß hä› ½ D q+¬ † Ç ° O K͆ǰ…è^¥ ? inform Didn't they inform you this matter yesterday ? 19 Lasttime 8.

x#ß h=ô letter post K͆ǰ…è^¥ ? Last week g°~¡° test ã"Œ†Ç°…è^¥ ? P"³° x#ß doctor #° consult J=…è^¥ ? "Œ~¡ ° last time g°ä› ½ JH› ø _È =‹¬ u H›eæOKÇ…è^¥? g°~¡° last time exams H÷ ‹¬iQê prepare Hê…è^¥ ? h=ô x#ß J`Çxx P q+¬†Ç°O J_ÈQ®…è^¥? g°~¡ ° last Sunday English movie KǶ_È…è^¥ ? h=ô x#ß bank #°O_• money withdraw K͆ǰ…è^¥ ? h=ô x#ß =¶ WO\÷H÷ ZO^ΰ䛽 ~Œ…è^ΰ ? J`Ç_È° last month exam fee ZO^ΰ䛽 pay K͆ǰ…è^ΰ ? P"³ ° last time birthday ZO^Î ° ä› ½ celebrate KÍ‹¬°HË…è^ΰ ? x#ß festival H÷ h=ô new dress ZO^ΰ䛽 Hù#…è^ΰ ? Last time Congress Party P†Ç°#䛽 seat ZO^ΰ䛽 W=Þ…è^ΰ ? h=ô P q+¬†Ç°O…Õ g° parents advice ZO^ΰ䛽 follow J=…è^ΰ ? Last time ㄬ[•° B. g°~¡ ° =òO^Î ° Qê ZO^Î ° ä› ½ J#°=°u f‹¬°HË…è^ΰ ? Why didn't you take permission earlier? 18. stay 8. 12. 4. Why didn't they stay here last time ? 16. H÷ ZO^ΰ䛽 F@°Á "͆ǰ…è^ΰ ? Why didn't Sachin play in the match yesterday ? Man is made by his belief. 10. h=ô x#ß ~Œ…è^ΰ ? computer class H÷ ZO^ΰ䛽 Why didn't you come to the computer class yesterday ? 17. h=ô x#ß D q+¬ † Ç ° O <Œï H O^Î ° ä› ½ K³„¬æ…è^ΰ ? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 5. 11. x#ß match …Õ Sachin ZO^ΰ䛽 P_È…è^ΰ? 9. 13. Why didn't you tell me this matter yesterday ? 12. 6. 15. Z 20 .P.. h=ô D q+¬ † Ç ° O…Õ J`Ç x ‹¬ ‚ ¬ ð †Ç ° O ZO^ΰ䛽 HË~¡…è^ΰ ? Why didn't you seek his help in this matter ? 20. h=ô school days …Õ <Í~¡°óHË…è^ΰ ? grammar ZO^ΰ䛽 Why didn't you learn grammar in your school days ? 19. : 94406 16425 'Wh' QUESTIONS EXERCISE 11. "Œ~¡° last time WH›ø_È ZO^ΰ䛽 K͆ǰ…è^ΰ ? 1. 14. J`Ç_È° last year college …Õ ZO^ΰ䛽 join Hê…è^ΰ ? Why didn't he join college last year ? 14.J. P"³ ° last week party H÷ q°=òà•#° ZO^ΰ䛽 invite K͆ǰ…è^ΰ ? Why didn't she invite you to the party last week ? 15. g°~¡° x#ß marriage H÷ ZO^ΰ䛽 attend Hê…è^ΰ ? Why didn't you attend the marriage yesterday ? 13. 7. 2. 3.

Positive Form 2. We celebrated Sankranthi last week. nx…Õ 1. Didn't you go to library yesterday ? Didn't he take coaching last time ? Didn't they open the shop yesterday ? Did n't she come to your house yesterday? . 2. Did they vacate the house last month ? 4. 4. 2. Negative Question Form J#° 4 parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. Question Form 4.S. 2. NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM : Q®`ÇO…Õ K͆ǰx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Didn't + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 3. Did you write the test well yesterday? 2. We did not seek his help last time.C. Ex : 1. 1. 3. 2. Negative Form 3. QUESTION FORM : Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~¡° KÍ‹²# XH› „¬xx ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Did + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. POSITIVE FORM : Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~¡° „¬îiëKÍ‹²# XH› „¬xx ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 'II form of the Verb' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 4. They helped me last time. Ex : 21 1. D 4 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò. NEGATIVE FORM : Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~¡° K͆ǰx XH› „¬xx ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "did not + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ 'II form of the Verb' Q®°iOz <Í ~ ¡ ° ó ä › ½ <Œß=ò. It didnot rain here last night. nxx grammar …Õ Simple Past Tense JO\ì~¡ ° . He did not come to office last Monday. Ex : 1. in 2002.. Did he draw the salary last week? 3. 3. I did not meet my friend yesterday. Did she join college last year? 4. 3. She passed S. I bought text books yesterday. Ex : 1. 3.

Hide hid hidden 32. Give gave given 27. Forgive forgave forgiven 24. Freeze froze frozen 25. Negative Question Form ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 4 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•.. Question Form. Negative Form. I Form II Form III Form 21 Fly flew flown 22. Leave left left 37. Lose lost lost 40. Make made made D ~ËA Meaning ZQ®°~¡°@ =°~¡z‡é=ô@ H›Æq°OKÇ°@ Q®_ÈÛH›@°“@ ‡ÚO^ΰ@ WKÇ°ó@ "³ˆ×ä@ Ì„~¡Q®°@ ã"Í…ì_Èn†Çò@ Liãf†Çò@ q#°@ ^¥z=ôOKÇ°@ „¬@°“Hù#°@ LOKÇ°@ `³•°‹¬°Hù#°@ <Í~¡°óHù#°@ =^Îe"͆Çò@ J„¬CQê WKÇ°ó@ "³eyOKÇ°@ ‡éQù@°“Hù#°@ `džǶ~¡°K͆Çò@ …Õx Positive Form. Get got got 26. Hear heard heard 31. Know knew known 35. "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O. : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs. Lend lent lent 38. Keep kept kept 34. . Learn learnt learnt 36. Go went gone 28. Grow grew grown 29. Hold held held 33. Light lit lit 39. Forget forgot forgoten 23. Hang hung hung Hang hanged hanged 30. Spoken English lesson Z 22 The action of today becomes the destiny of tomorrow.

. brother next month car HùO\ì_È°. P „¬x „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë OÇ [~¡°Q®°@ …è^°Î . 2. I will go to Nellore tomorrow. "Í°=ò =KÍó <³• J=ô`Œ=ò. =KÍó <³•. "Œ~¡° `ÇÞ~¡…Õ P W•°Á Mìm Kͪ•ë~¡°. Kͪ•ë~°¡ . =¶ sister ö ~ „¬ ô J=ô`Œ~¡°. 9. EXAMPLES 1. <Í#° ö~„¬ô <³•¶Á~¡° "³ˆ×`Œ#°. "Œ~¡° =KÍó <³• XOQË•°…Õ branch open Kͪ•ë~°¡ . They will provide us all the facilities there. J J „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ K͆°Ç ƒÕ=ô „¬#°•#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. interview H÷ attend 5. "Í°=ò next Kͪ•ë=ò. =¶ 4. My brother will buy a car next month. J <Í#° ö~„¬ô =¶ friends `Ë picnic "³ˆ×`Œ#°. They will open a branch in Ongole next month. 11. Sunday g°\÷OQ· U~Œæ@° We will arrange a meeting next Sunday. 6. 3. : 94406 16425 FUTURE ACTION XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~°¡ K͆°Ç ƒÕ=ô XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ° KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. He will get a promotion soon. "Œ~¡° ö~„¬ô g°\÷OQ·…Õ D q+¬†Ç°O discuss J ö~„¬ô Degree students classes boycott Kͪ•ë~°¡ . 10. 23 . I will inform you this matter tomorrow. `ÇÞ~¡…Õ „ã ƒ¬ •’°`ÇÞO ordinance pass KÍ‹¬°ëOk. <Í#° ~ö „¬ô h䛽 D q+¬†°Ç O inform Kͪ•ë#°. J`Ç_È° `ÇÞ~¡…Õ P"³° D proposal `Ç„¬æH› X„¬C䛽O@°Ok. She will accept to this proposal. "Œ~¡ ° =°#ä› ½ JH› ø _È Jxß =‹¬ ` Ç ° •° H›e檕ë~°¡ . Plural U^³á##° "Will + I form" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. …ÕH÷ shift We will shift to the new house next month. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^³#á #° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ K͆°Ç ƒÕ=ô XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Will + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. =KÍ"ó Œ~¡O. My sister will attend the interview tomorrow. new house promotion ‡ÚO^ΰ`Œ_È°. 7. 8. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject .Singular. They will vacate that house soon. D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ J#Qê ~ö „¬ô. ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ [~¡°Q®°#°.

10. Intermediate Board D ª•i „¬sH›Æ•° strict Qê x~¡Þ‚²ì‹¬°ëOk. 2. "Í°=ò next Sunday sea-shore H÷ "³ˆ×`Œ=ò. =¶ father <Œä›½ =KÍó "Œ~¡O money „¬O„¬ô`Œ~¡°. 15.A. =¶ sister J=ô`Ç°Ok. "Í ° =ò ö ~ „¬ ô g°ä› ½ =¶ x~¡ â † Ç ° O `³e†Ç°*誕ëO. Indian Cricket Board Captain EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. next July. 8. "Œ~¡° `ÇÞ~¡…Õ <³•¶Á~¡°…Õ business start Kͪ•ë~°¡ . : 94406 16425 Dª•i Dravid x KÍ‹¬°ëOk. The I. <Í#° ö~„¬ô h䛽 <Œ note book Wª•ë#°. 12. Nagarjuna University will announce the degree results next Monday. <Í#° ö~„¬ô telephone bill pay Kͪ•ë#°. <Í#° next year transfer H÷ try Kͪ•ë#°. 11. join My sister will join B.. 5. "³ˆ×`Œ~¡°. Ì+Hê=`Ÿ WO_•†Ç¶H÷ next president J=ô`Œ~¡°. „ ã ^ ¬ •¥x ~ö „¬ô =°# ~ŒRO…Õ „¬~¼¡ \÷ª•ë~°¡ . <ŒQê~¡°# û †Çüx=i•\© ªé=°"Œ~¡O _•ãw „¦¬e`Œ•° ㄬH›\÷‹¬°ëOk. marriage tomorrow. 7. P"³° Dª•i „¬OKŒ~òf ZxßH•› …Õ ‡é\© KÍ‹¬°ëOk.B. =°# =òY¼=°Oãu ~ö „¬ô _••bÁ…Õ „ã ^¬ •¥xx H›•°ª•ë~°¡ . 12. The Finance Minister will present the Budget in the Parliament next 28th.Sc. 19. 15.C. My uncle will contest in the Municipal elections this time. Finance Minister =KÍó 28# ‡•~¡" Á °³ O\˜…Õ budget ㄬ"͉×Ì„_È`Œ~¡°. I will give you my note book tomorrow. =¶ uncle `ÇÞ~¡…Õ U.S. 14. marriage We will present him a watch in the 14.A. I will pay the telephone bill tomorrow. 13. =¶ lecturers =¶ „¬sH›Æ• `Ç~¡°"Œ`Ç x~¡Þ‚²ìª•ë~°¡ . <Í#° ö~„¬ô =¶ native place H÷ "³ˆìë#°. 16. next July …Õ B. will make Rahul Dravid captain this time. "Œ~¡° =KÍó <³• XOQË•°…Õ XH› new showroom open Kͪ•ë~°¡ . =¶ brother next month M. entrance test H÷ appear J=ô`Œ_È°. "Í°=ò next year D town …Õ house HùO\ì=ò. 17. "Í°=ò ö~„¬ô …Õ J`ÇxH÷ XH› watch present Kͪ•ë=ò. 13. 6. =¶ uncle Dª•i =òx•„¬…˜ ZxßH•› …Õ ‡é\©KªÍ •ë~°¡ . 24 . Z An honest man is the noblest work of God. 1. 4. 20.B. 18. 9. 3.Sc. tour Our lecturers will organize a tour after our examinations.

Lakshman will not play in the match tommrow. J P"³° D ª•i birthday celebrate KÍ‹¬°HË^ΰ. 2. They will not discuss this matter in next week. I will not attend the duty tommorow. She will not accept to this proposal. "Œ~¡° We will not commit this mistake again. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°ë…Õx U W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^³á##° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° K͆ǰx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Will + not + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. <Í#° D ª•i J`Çx ‹¬‚¬ð†Ç°O HË~¡#°. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ K͆°Ç x XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ° KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. 10. J J <Í#° ö~„¬ô college H÷ "³ˆ×¤#°. next time =°#䛽 help K͆ǰ~¡°. 6. P"³° D proposal X„¬CHË^ΰ.. They will not help us next time. D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ ~ö „¬ô =KÍ"ó Œ~¡O. 5. "Í°=ò D ª•i P hotel …Õ stay K͆°Ç =ò. 12. "Í°=ò D ‡Ú~¡‡•@° =°~¡• K͆ǰ=ò. 3. My brother will not come to Ongole 4. She will not join college this year. <Í#° ö~„¬ô duty H÷ attend J=#°. Plural U^³á##¶ 'Will not + I form' =KÇ°ó#°. Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject . . I will not interefere in his matter. =¶ brother next week Ongole ~Œ_È°. "Í ° =ò D town …Õ settle J==ò. * EXAMPLES 1. "Œ~¡° =°#䛽 next time help K͆ǰ~¡°. the meeting tommrow. <Í#° J`Çx q+¬†Ç°O *ÕH›¼O KÍ‹¬°HË#°. 7. "Œ~¡° ö~„¬ô meeting …Õ D q+¬†Ç°O discuss K͆ǰ~¡°.Singular. ö~„¬ô match …Õ Lakshman P_È_È°. We will not stay in that hotel next time. 25 8.J =¶ brother Dª•i bank test H÷ appear J=_È°. „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~°¡ K͆°Ç x „¬#°•#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ° KÇ°#ßq. 9. P"³° D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O Hê…èl…Õ join J=^ΰ. I will not seek his help next time. 11. =KÍ<ó •³ . We will not settle down in this town.

"Œ~¡ ° WH› =°#ä› ½ material supply K͆ǰ~¡°. The university will not postpone the examinations this time. She will not continue her studies next year. S. 13. `³•°Q®° ‹²x=¶ Ja•=¶#°•° NTR #° =°~¡z‡é~¡°. The TDP will not support the BJP in the next elections. 12. 10. University Dª•i exams postpone K͆ǰ^ΰ. <Í#° D ª•i coaching f‹¬°HË#°. "Í°=ò next month classes H÷ attend J==ò. I will not neglect the work next time. 2. 8. 15. 6. "Í ° =ò next time J=Hê‰× = ò miss KÍ‹¬°HË=ò. 17. "Œ~¡° ö~„¬ô =°#䛽 JH›ø_È =‹¬u H›eæOKÇ~¡°. [†Ç°ã„¬^Î WH› ‹²x=¶•…Õ #\÷OKÇ^ΰ.. <Í#° next time work neglectK͆ǰ#°. BJP H÷ support K͆ǰ^ΰ. P"³° ö~„¬ô party H÷ "Œix invite K͆ǰ^ΰ. "Œ~¡ ° ö ~ „¬ ô =°#•#° JH› ø _È KÍ‹¬°HË~¡°. "Í°=ò next Sunday =¶ T~¡° "³ˆ×¤=ò. 7. 9. She willnot invite them to the party tomorrow. P"³° next year studies continue K͆°Ç ^ΰ. 14. "Œ~¡° D ª•i K͆ǰ~¡°. 5. we will not depend on him next time. 14. 26 . 3. Z Look before you leap. 19. Next summer …Õ "Í°=ò holidays waste K͆ǰ=ò. : 94406 16425 D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. "Í°=ò next time J`Çx„Ì á P^•¥~¡„_ ¬ = È ò. P"³° ö~„¬ô =°#`Ë picnic H÷ ~Œ^ΰ. 15. receive They will not receive us there tomorrow. =¶ uncle D ª•i Zxß H › • …Õ ‡é\© K͆ǰ~¡°. EXERCISE 13. ‹¬ z <£ >ÿ O _È ¶ •ø~Ÿ WH› captaincy JOwH›iOKÇ_È°. 4. 1.V. 16. 11. University next academic year …Õ entrance tests x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ^ΰ. 18. 20. <Í#° ö~„¬ô JH›ø_È J`Çxx H›•°=#°. Next time ZxßH• › …Õ TDP. =¶ brother WH› P club Hê~¡¼ãH›=¶•…Õ ‡•…ç¾#_È°. annual day celebrate They will not celebrate the annual day this time.

=KÍ"ó Œ~¡O. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°ë…Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^³á##° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° K͆ǰƒÕ=ô XH› „¬xx ㄬtßOKÇ°@䛽 "Shall / Will + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. <Í#° ~ö „¬ô ª•†Ç°Oã`OÇ g° WO\÷H÷ =KÍó^¥? Shall I come to your house tomorrow evening? 2.. They .subject Qê =ô#ß„¬C_È° 'shall' You. "Œ~¡° ~ö „¬ô g°\÷OQ·…Õ D q+¬†°Ç O discuss Kͪ•ë~Œ ? Will they discuss this matter in the meeting tomorrow ? 9. „¦¬e`Œ•° Will the university announce the P. Note : EXAMPLES 1. She It. D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ J#Qê ~ö „¬ô. J J h=ô ö~„¬ô English class H÷ attend J=ô`Œ"Œ? J g° brother `ÇÞ~¡…Õ USA "³ˆ×`Œ_¨? g°~¡° next week g° native place H÷ "³ˆ×`Œ~Œ? J P"³° next month Ongole 䛽 =‹¬°Oë ^¥? Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°ë…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ K͆ǰƒÕ=ô „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. results next week ? .C. test 7.subject Qê =ô#ß„¬ô_È° 'will' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.I.I. g° brother next year Branch Manager J=ô`Œ_¨ ? ö~„¬ô =òY¼=°Oãu =°# l…ìÁ visit Kͪ•ë~Œ? Will the Chief-minister visit our district tomorrow ? 10.C. g°~¡° ö~„¬ô H›…ÿH›“~¡°ä›½ D Kͪ•ë~Œ ? 6.G. Will you submit this report to the Collector tomorrow ? 27 Will your brother become the Branch Manager next year ? ä› ½ Shall we appear for the L. <Í # ° =°#ä› ½ lunch order Shall I order lunch for us ? =°#=ò next month appear J=ô^¥=¶ ? KÍ À ‹ ^¥ ? L. 4. test next month ? 5. =KÍ<ó •³ . =°#=ò ö~„¬ô Bank Manager #° consult J=ô^¥=¶? Shall we consult the Bank Manager tomorrow? 3. we . * "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ I.G. =KÍó "Œ~¡O †Çüx=i•\© ㄬH›\÷‹¬°ëO^¥ ? P. He. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò ƒ•’=+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ K͆°Ç ƒÕ=ô XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ° KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. report submit P"³° D proposal X„¬C䛽O@°O^¥ ? Will she accept to this proposal ? 8.

. =°#=ò ö~„¬ô guests 䛽 =‹¬u ZH›ø_È provide KÍ^¥í=ò? Where shall we provide the accommodation for the guests tomorrow? 15. 5.. when will you return from your village? 16. 6. Who will become the next captain of our cricket team? 10. 9. 11. =°#=ò `Ç ~ ¡ ° "Œ`Ç U J=ô^¥=ò? course join 13. "Œ~¡° new J=ô`Œ~¡°? 15. ~ö „¬ô JH›ø_È ‹ Ì q°<Œ~Ÿ Z=~¡° x~¡Þ‚²ìª•ë~°¡ ? Who will organize the seminar there tomorrow? 17. <Í#° h䛽 K³<³ßå #°Oz Uq° `³KÍók? What shall I bring for you from Chennai ? 14.. 4. Howmany candidates will attend the interview tomorrow? g°~¡° Dª•i "Í‹¬q Ì‹•=ô•° ZH›ø_È Q®_È°„¬ô`Œ~¡°? 13. 11. 1. nothing is lost. 20.. #°O_• Z„¬C_È° uiy =ª•ë~°¡ ? h=ô Hyderabad …Õ Zxß~ËA•° LO\ì=ô? =°#•#° ö~„¬ô JH›ø_È Z=~¡° receive KÍ‹¬°ä›½O\ì~¡°? "Œ~¡° ~ö „¬ô ƒì¼OH±…Õ ZO`Ç amount deposit Kͪ•ë~°¡ ? h=ô D H›O„¬î¼@~Ÿ HË~¡°• Z„¬C_È° „¬îië Kͪ•ë=ô? ZxßH•› `Ç~°¡ "Œ`Ç U ‡•s“ „ã ƒ¬ •’°`ŒÞxß U~Œæ@° KÍ‹¬°ëOk? h=ô WO@~Ÿ…Õ U ãQ®¶„¹ f‹¬°ä›½O\ì=ô? Z If wealth is lost.A. =°# ãH÷ïH\˜ team H÷ J=ô`Œ~¡° ? next captain Z=~¡° 19. Where will you spend your summer holidays this time? 14. 18. 7. ö~„¬ô WO@~¡¶Þ¼H÷ ZO`Ç=°Ok Jƒ•’¼~¡°Ö•° ‚¬ð[~¡° J=ô`Œ~¡°? 12. Which course shall we join next? h=ô =°~¡… g° Ti #°O_• Z„¬C_È° uiy =ª•ë=ô? 2. 28 . 3. 8. <Í#° ö~„¬ô hHË‹¬O ZH›ø_È wait KÍÀ‹k? Where shall I wait for you tomorrow? 12. EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•.S. house …ÕH÷ Z„¬C_È° shift When will they shift to the new house? : 94406 16425 <Í#° 䛕_¨ ö~„¬ô h`Ë <³•¶Á~¡°H÷ =KÍó^¥? =°#=ò D q+¬†Ç°O "ŒiH›÷ =òO^ΰQê inform KÍ^¥í=¶? g°~¡° D town …Õ<Í settle J=ô`Œ~Œ? WO@sà_•†Ç°\˜ ƒÕ~¡°Û D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O ‹²•|‹¹ =¶~¡°æ KÍ‹¬°ëO^¥? P"³° =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O P school H÷ Headmistress J=ô`Œ~Œ? _•ãw q^¥¼~¡°•œ ° ~ö „¬ô strike …Õ ‡•…ç¾O\ì~Œ? _•ãw `Ç~ŒÞ`Ç h=ô studies discontinue Kͪ•ë"Œ? ‹Ôx†Ç°~Ÿ WO@~Ÿ q^¥¼~¡°Ö•° =KÍó Pk"Œ~¡O farewell party celebrate Kͪ•ë~Œ? g° parents U.

It. "Œ~¡° D town …Õ settle J=~Œ ? Won't you wait there till tomorrow ? 3. He. D q^•Î=òQê =°#=òQêx. g°~¡° ö~„¬\÷ =~¡ä›½ JH›ø_È wait K͆ǰ~Œ ? 9. "Œ~¡ ° ö ~ „¬ ô =°#•#° JH› ø _È KÍ‹¬°HË~Œ? receive Won't they receive us there tomorrow? . =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³#á #° K͆°Ç x XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Shalln't / willn't (won't) + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Note : EXAMPLES 6.subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'Won't' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. P"³° D proposal X„¬CHù#^¥ ? 1. P"³ ° next „¬xK͆ǰ^¥? year D college …Õ year? H÷ apply Won't you apply for the entrance test this time ? Won't they settle down in this town? Won't she work in this college next Won't he join this course ? entrance test 7. She.subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'Shalln't' You.. J`Ç_È° D course join J=_¨ ? 29 8. =°#=ò next Sunday P programme …Õ participate K͆ǰ=^¥ í ? Shalln't we participate in that programme next Sunday? Won't you go to office tomorrow? 4. We . h=ô ö~„¬ô office H÷ "³ˆ×¤"Œ ? 5. They . =KÍó <³•. h=ô Dª•i K͆ǰ"Œ ? Won't she accept to this proposal ? 10. ö~„¬ô =°#=ò "Œix H›•°==^¥í ? J`Ç_È° =KÍó "Œ~¡O duty H÷ attend J=_¨ ? J J J J h=ô ö~„¬ô computer class H÷ ~Œ"Œ ? P"³° WH› college …Õ KÇ^Î=^¥ ? „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ K͆°Ç x XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz „ ã t ¬ ßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. * "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ I. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ K͆°Ç x XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. <Í#° ö~„¬ô WH›ø䛽 ~Œ=^¥í ? Shalln't I come here tomorrow ? 2. "Í~ùH›~°¡ Qêx ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ J#Qê ~ö „¬ô.

<Í#° ö~„¬ô JH›ø_È J`Çxx H›•°==^¥í ? attend Why won't he attend the meeting tomorrow ? 20. "Œ~¡° D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O tour ZO^ΰ䛽 organize K͆ǰ~¡° ? Why won't they organize a tour this year? 9. g°~¡° next Sunday Ongole H÷ ~Œ~Œ ? 4.. P"³° D ª•i function H÷ =°#•#° invite K͆ǰ^¥ ? 6. h=ô next March exams H÷ ZO^Î ° ä› ½ appear J==ô ? Why won't you appear for the exams next March ? H÷ ZO^ΰ䛽 3. 30 . P"³° D ª•i birthday ZO^ΰ䛽 celebrate KÍ‹¬°HË^ΰ ? 13. h=ô ö~„¬ô ZxßH›•…Õ vote "͆ǰ"Œ ? Why won't you do that work ? meeting 2. g°~¡ ° next week x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ~¡° ? meeting ZO^Î ° ä› ½ 11. J`Ç _ È ° hä› ½ D q+¬ † Ç ° O…Õ ZO^Î ° ä› ½ ‹¬‚¬ìH›iOKÇ_È° ? Why won't he co-operate with you in this matter ? 14.. "Œ~¡° ö~„¬ô =°#•#° ZO^ΰ䛽 J=~¡°? cousult 14. h=ô ZO^ΰ䛽 P „¬xK͆ǰ=ô ? 19. "Œ~¡° D q+¬†°Ç O…Õ =°#H÷ ‹¬‚ì¬ H›iOKÇ~Œ? 16.. "Œ~¡° =°#䛽 ZO^ΰ䛽 support K͆ǰ~¡°? Why won't they support us ? 17. P†Ç°# D ª•i ZxßH•› …Õ ZO^ΰ䛽 ‡é\© K͆ǰ~¡° ? 12. =°#=ò ~ö „¬ô P function H÷ attend Hê=^¥í? 7. : 94406 16425 'Wh' QUESTIONS EXERCISE 11. J`Ç_È° ö~„¬ô J=_È° ? 1. h=ô ö~„¬ô office H÷ ZO^ΰ䛽 "³ˆ×¤=ô ? 10. something is lost. h=ô ö~„¬ô =¶`Ë picnic H÷ ZO^ΰ䛽 ~Œ=ô? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. J`Ç_È° ö~„¬ô =°#`Ë TiH÷ ZO^ΰ䛽~Œ_È°? Z If health is lost. g°~¡° next week =~¡ä›½ WH›ø_È ZO^ΰ䛽 LO_È~¡° ? Why won't you stay here till next week? 13. g°~¡° ~ö „¬ô seminar …Õ ZO^ΰ䛽 ‡•…ç¾#~¡°? 15. J`Ç_È° ö~„¬ô bill pay K͆ǰ_¨ ? 8. "Œ~¡° J`ÇxÌ„á ZO^ΰ䛽 KÇ~¡¼ f‹¬°Hù#~¡°? Why won't they take action against him? 18. h=ô next May …Õ entrance test H÷ appear J="Œ ? 5. Why won't you come on picnic with us tomorrow ? 12. P"³° D medicines ZO^ΰ䛽 f‹¬°Hù#^ΰ? Why won't she take these medicines? 15.

Shalln't I wait for you tomorrow ? 31 . Shall I bring you the text books ? 2. Negative Form 3. Shall we visit Mysore next month ? NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ K͆°Ç x XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã „ ¬ t ß O KÇ ° @#° ‹¬ ¶ zOKÇ ° @ä› ½ "Shalln't / Won't + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. next month. Ex : 4. NEGATIVE FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ K͆°Ç x XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Will + not + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 2. 4. next June. Ex : 1. Won't he come here next week? 3.. nx…Õ 1. He will join M.A. We will not delay the work tomorrow. Will you join M.Won't you stay here tomorrow ? 2. 2. 2.They will not settle down in this town.I will buy a camera tomorrow. Negative Question Form J#° 4 parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. Ex : 1. 3. Ex : 1. Question Form 4. He will not stay here tomorrow.Won't they pay the bill next month? 4.C. 4. We will visit Hyd. next year ? 3. nxx grammar …Õ Simple Future Tense JO\ì~¡°. 3.C. Will they help you there tomorrow? 4.A.They will finish this work next week. POSITIVE FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ K͆°Ç ƒÕ=ô XH› „¬xx ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 ''Will + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 1. 3.I will not help you in this matter. 1. D 4 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò. : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ 'Future form ' (Will + I form of the verb) Q®°iOz <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. QUESTION FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ K͆°Ç ƒÕ=ô XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz „ ã t ¬ ßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Shall/Will + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Positive Form 2.

Run ran run 48. . Read read read 44. See saw seen 50. Send sent sent 53. Ride rode ridden 45. "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O. Smell smelt smelt D ~ËA Meaning K³eÁOKÇ°@ x~¡¶„²OKÇ°@ KÇ^ΰ=ô@ ª•ÞsK͆ò Ç @ ã"³¶yOKÇ°@ L^Î~òOKÇ°@ „¬~¡°ïQ`Ç°ë@ K³„¬C@ KǶKÇ°@ HË~¡°Hù#°@ J=òà@ „¬O„¬ô@ H›keOKÇ°@ ㄬHêtOKÇ°@ Hê•°ó@ ‡•_È°@ =ò#°Q®°@ 䛕~ùó#°@ xãkOKÇ°@ "Œ‹¬#KǶKÇ°@ …Õx Positive Form. Question Form. Shine shone shun 55. Pay paid paid 42. Ring rang rung 46. Sleep slept slept 60. Sing sang sung 57. : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs. everything is lost. Seek sought sought 51. Sink sank sunk 58. Shake shook shaken 54. Prove proved proved 43. Spoken English lesson Z 32 If character is lost. Rise rose risen 47. Sit sat sat 59.. Negative Question Form ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 4 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. Negative Form. Say said said 49. I Form II Form III Form 41. Shoot shot shot 56. Sell sold sold 52.

Our English lecturer is teaching us grammar this week. She is treating the guests now. She. <Í#° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO <³•¶Á~¡°…Õ KÇ°<Œß#°. : 94406 16425 PRESENT CONTINUOUS =°#O Hùxß „¬#°•° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ continuous Qê K͆ÇòKǶO^ΰ=ò. D <³•. =¶ Ì„^Îí#߆ǰ¼ ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO business KǶ‹¬° 䛽O@°<Œß~¡°. trains Jhß P•‹¬ ¼ OQê #_È ° All the trains are running late today. =¶ lecturers D <³• lessons revise KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß~¡°. W„¬C_È°. =¶ English lecturer D "Œ~¡O =¶ä›½ grammar teach KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß~¡°. It J~ò#„¬C_È° 'is + 'ing' form' Note : We. friend room …Õ stay I am staying in my friend's room at present. D q^•Î=òQê =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò# J#Qê D ~ËA. =¶ brother D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O competitive exams H÷ prepare JQ® ° KÇ ° <Œß_È ° . P „¬#°•° ㄬ‹¬°`ÇëO [~¡°Q®° KǶ#ßq.L. 8. D ~ËA WH›ø_È ƒ•ìs =~¡ÂO „¬_°È KÇ°#ßk. They J~ò#„¬C_È° 'are +'ing'' form' =KÇ°ó#°. 3. We are living at Bank colony at present. in Nellore at present. <Í#° W„¬C_È° type-writing <Í~¡°ó䛽O@°<Œß#°. "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ Subject – > 'I' J~ò#„¬C_È° 'am + 'ing' form' He. 2000 J^³í K³eÁ‹¬°ë<Œß~¡°. . 5.. D "Œ~¡O. K͆Çò I am doing B. 33 6. You. D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O. 2. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO "Œ~¡° P WO\÷H÷ ~¡¶. * Am. 9. P"³° W„¬C_È° guests •ä›½ =°~Œ¼^Î KÍ‹°¬ # ë ßk. My elder brother is looking after business at present. 4. "Í°=ò ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO Bank colony …Õ x=t‹¬°ë <Œß=ò. 7. 2000 for that house at present. J "Í°=ò ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO <³•¶Á~¡°…Õ LO@°<Œß=ò.L. My brother is preparing for the competitive exams this year. J J`Ç_È° W„¬C_ùH› H›^ŠÎ ã"Œ‹¬°ë<Œß_È°. Is. It is raining here heavily today. <Í#° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO =¶ KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß#°. EXAMPLES 1. Are J#° D =ü_•O\÷x Present 'Be' forms JO^ΰ~¡°. =°#=ò W„¬C_È° continuous Qê KÍ‹¬¶ë=ô#ß XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz W`Ç~¡°•ä›½ ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. J J Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•x߆Çò XH›~¡° ㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç=ò continuous Qê KÍ‹¬¶ë#ß „¬#°•#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° continuous Qê KÍ‹¬¶ë=ô#ß XH› „¬xx ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Am / Is / Are + 'ing' form" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 10. D ~ËA ‹¬°ë<Œß~ò. They are paying a rent of Rs. B.

=¶ parents ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO =¶ village …Õ LO@°<Œß~¡°. =¶ sister ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO ‡ÚO^ΰKÇ°#ßk. We are learning English in these holidays. <Í#° W„¬C_È° XH› private company …Õ job KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß#°. Nagarjuna is acting in a Hindi movie at present. 15. 8. 5. <ŒQê~¡°û# ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO XH› ‚²ìOn ‹²x=¶…Õ #\÷‹¬°ë<Œß_È°. J`Ç_°È „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë OÇ XH› private school …Õ „¬x KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß_È°. "Œ~¡° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO =¶ä›½ KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß~¡°. 3. 12. "Í ° =ò D ~ËA g°\÷ O Q· H ÷ U~Œæ@°Á KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß=ò. 13. 18.. 14. "Í°=ò D Ì‹•=ô•…Õ English <Í~¡°ó䛽O@° <Œß=ò. material supply 1. "Í°=ò D ~ËA =¶ class farewell party [~¡°„¬ô䛽O@°<Œß=ò. =¶ grandfather ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO „¬îië rest f‹¬°ä›½O@°<Œß~¡°. 17. 2. =¶ Hê…èl students D ª•i [#àƒ•’¶q° programme …Õ ‡•…ç¾O@°<Œß~°¡ . "Í°=ò D summer …Õ =¶ Hê•h …Õ water problem face KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß=ò. : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 12. 15. She is suffering from malaria. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO P shop …Õ 15 =°Ok „¬x KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß~¡°. job HË‹¬O try KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß#°. 7. "Œ~¡° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO JH›ø_È XH› shopping complex xià‹¬°ë<Œß~¡°. He is working in a private school now. 13. <Í#° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO govt. 16. ~Œ‚¬•…˜ ^ ã ¥q_£ „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ÇOë =°# cricket team x lead KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß_È°. 11. We are going to Vijayawada today. They are supplying us material now. 20. N KÇ O ã ^ Î ƒ ì|° D ~ËA H› $ ‘•â l …ìÁ … Õ „¬~¡¼\÷‹¬°ë<Œß~¡°. 6. P"³° W„¬C_È° guest •ä›½ lunch `džǶ~¡° KÍ‹¬°ë#ßk. Our college students are participating in the Janmabhoomi programme this time. 14. "Í°=ò D ~ËA q[†Ç°"Œ_È "³ˆ×Ãë<Œß=ò. …Õ match KǶ‹¬°ë <Œß=ò. …Õ training My sister is undergoing training in Hyderabad now. Z 34 . 11. ã „ ¬ ‹ ¬ ° ë ` Ç O J`Ç _ È ° =¶ä› ½ ƒìQê ‹¬‚¬ìH›i‹¬°ë<Œß_È°. "Í°=ò D ~ËA T. =¶ uncle ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO ##°ß KÇkq‹¬°ë<Œß~¡°. Rahul Dravid is leading our cricket team at present. 10. Empty vessels make much noise.V. Hyd. We are facing water problem in our colony at present. 19. P"³° =°…èi†Ç¶`Ë ƒì^•Î„¬_È°KÇ°#ßk. "Í°=ò D "Œ~¡O pending files clear KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß=ò. 9. 4. J`Ç _ È ° W„¬ C _È ° wedding cards print KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß_È°.

He is not staying with us now. It . They are not facing any problem here now. |‹¬°••° #_È=@O …è^°Î . J`Ç_È° W„¬C_È° =¶`Ë LO_È@O…è^ΰ. I am not coming to the class today. ‹¬z<£ >ÿO_ȶ•ø~Ÿ D P_È@O…è^ΰ. <Í # ° D ‹¬ O =`Ç • ~¡ O PHê…è r …Õ „¬xK͆ǰ_ÈO…è^ΰ. 35 7. She . "Œ~¡° „ã ‹¬ °¬ `ë OÇ Hê…èl…Õ HêÁ‹°¬ •ä›½ ‚¬ð[~¡=@O …è^°Î . <Í#° D ~ËA HêÁ‹¬°ä›½ ~Œ=_ÈO…è^ΰ. 10. 5.subject Qê L#愬C_È° 'is not' We.T. Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO XH›~¡° KÍ‹¬°ëO_Èx „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. * "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ I . Note : EXAMPLES 1. =¶ English Madam D "Œ~¡O f‹¬°HË=_ÈO…è^ΰ. "Í~ùH›~°¡ Qêx continuous Qê KÍ‹¬°ëO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Am / Is / Are + not + 'ing' form" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë OÇ =°#=ò continuous Qê KÍ‹¬°ëO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ° KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. D <³•. They are not co-operating with us at present. We are not doing that business at present..C. You. He. "Í°=ò „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë OÇ P "Œ¼‡•~¡O K͆°Ç @O …è^°Î . "Œ~¡° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO WH›ø_È U ‹¬=°‹¬¼ Z^ΰ~ùø #°@…è^ΰ. D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O =°#=°ò Qêx. "Œ~¡° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO =¶ä›½ ‹¬‚¬ìH›iOKÇ@O …è^ΰ. D "Œ~¡O. P"³° D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O Hê…èr…Õ KÇ^= Î _ÈO…è^°Î . D q^•Î=°òQê „ã ‹¬ °¬ `ë OÇ =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ J#Qê W„¬C_È°. They . She is not studying in college this year. <Í#° W„¬C_È° L^˼Q®O K͆Çò@…è^ΰ. D ~ËA WH› ø _È =~¡  O „¬ _ È @ O…è ^ Î ° . J J J J "Í°=ò ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO XOQË•°…Õ x=tOKÇ°@…è^ΰ.subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'am not'.subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'are not' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 9. . 4. 3. 6. D ~ËA. series …Õ ƒìQê Sachin Tendulkar is not playing well in this series. I am not working in that college this year. classes Our English Madam is not taking classes this week. It is not raining here now. D ~ËA R. „ã ‹¬ °¬ `ë OÇ . 2. 8.

"Œ~¡° D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O college …Õ donations =‹¬¶•° K͆ǰ_ÈO…è^ΰ. Z Failures are the stepping stones of success. "Í°=ò „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë OÇ P WO\ÕÁ x=tOKÇ@O…è^°Î . 5. 36 . studies Ì„á My brother is not concentrating on his studies this year. 13. "Œ~¡ ° ã „ ¬ ‹ ¬ ° ë ` Ç O P K͆ǰ_ÈO…è^ΰ. 17. <Í#° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO P room …Õ stay K͆ǰ_ÈO …è^ΰ. 1. P"³° W„¬C_È° …è^ΰ. D ïH"Í°~Œ ‹¬iQê „¬xK͆ǰ@O …è^ΰ. "Œ~¡ ° business …Õ ‹¬ i Qê accounts maintain K͆ǰ_ÈO…è^ΰ. 4. 11. <Í#° W„¬C_È° U job H© try K͆ǰ_ÈO…è^ΰ. 6. 20. <Í#° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO D =°O^ΰ•° f‹¬°HË=_ÈO …è^ΰ. P`Ç_È° W„¬C_È° WH›ø_È䛽 ~Œ=@O…è^ΰ. P"³° D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O =¶ school …Õ „¬xK͆ǰ@O…è^ΰ. Roja is not acting in movies now. 15. <Í#° W„¬C_È° "Œi q+¬†Ç°O…Õ *ÕH›¼O KÍ‹¬°HË=@O …è^ΰ. =¶ brother D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O ‹¬iQê ã‰×^ÎíKǶ„¬_ÈO…è^ΰ. 12.. 10. material supply They are not supplying us the material at present. "Œ~¡° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO P club …Õ x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ_ÈO…è^ΰ. "Í°=ò ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO D WO\÷H÷ rent pay K͆ǰ_ÈO …è^ΰ. 14. 11. old scooter My father is not using that old vehicle at present. I am not taking these medicines now. 2. He is not coming here now. "Í°=ò D ~ËA „¬O_ÈQ® [~¡°„¬ôHË=@O …è^ΰ. ~Ë*ì W„¬C_È° ‹²x=¶•…Õ #\÷OKÇ_ÈO…è^ΰ. We are not living in that house at present. 7. 8. programmes They are not conducting programmes in that club now. P"³° D ª•i „¬sH›•Æ 䛽 ‹¬iQê prepare J=@O…è^ΰ. 9. : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. "Í°=ò W„¬C_È° D books follow J=_ÈO …è^ΰ. 12. studies continue K͆ǰ_ÈO She is not continuing her studies now. 18. "Œ~¡° W„¬C_È° =¶ä›½ ‹¬‚¬ð†Ç°O K͆ǰ@O …è^ΰ. food f‹¬°HË=@O …è^ΰ. 13. 15. game practise They are not practising that game at present. 16. J`Ç_È° W„¬C_È° D course K͆Çò@ …è^ΰ. "Œ~¡° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO =¶ä›½ K͆ǰ_ÈO…è^ΰ. =¶ father ã „ ¬ ‹ ¬ ° ë ` Ç O P L„¬†³¶yOKÇ_ÈO…è^ΰ. "Œ~¡° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO books publish K͆ǰ_ÈO …è^ΰ. 3. 14. 19. <Í#° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO non-veg.

D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O. Is the Janasatabdi Express running late today? "Í°=ò W„¬C_È°time waste KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß=¶? Are we wasting time now? 3. <Í#° W„¬C_È° x#°ß disturb KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß<Œ? 7. g° father WOHê P KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß~Œ? company g° sister D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O KÍ‹¬°ë#ß^¥? …Õ „¬x 9. [#‰×`Œaí ZH±•ãÌ„‹¹ D ~ËA P•‹¬¼OQê #_È°‹¬°ë#ß^¥? 10.I „¬sH›•Æ 䛽 prepare JQ®°KÇ°<Œß~Œ ? Are they preparing for the Group . g°~¡° D ~ËA LQêk „¬O_È°Q® [~¡°„¬ô 䛽O@°<Œß~Œ? Are you celebrating Ugadi today? 37 h=ô ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß"Œ? English Ì„á concentrate Are you concentrating on English now? M. W„¬C_È° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ continuous Qê KÍ‹¬°ë#ß XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@䛽 "Am / Is / Are + 'ing' form" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë OÇ XH›~°¡ continuous Qê KÍ‹¬°ë#ß XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ° KÇ°O^ΰ=ò h=ô W„¬C_È° …ÿáã|sH÷ "³ˆ×äKÇ°<Œß"Œ? g° brother W„¬C_È° M. KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß_¨? J J Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç=ò XH›~¡° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. J J g°~¡° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO <³•¶Á~¡°…Õ LO@°<Œß~Œ? P"³° D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O ‚¬ð‹¬…“ …˜ Õ LO@°#ß^¥? continuous Qê KÍ‹¬¶ëO_È° „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° D q^•Î=òQê ㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç=ò =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò# J#Qê D ~ËA. this year? "Œ~¡° „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë OÇ Group .subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'are' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Am I disturbing you now ? 2. They .subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'am'.C. J`Ç_È° W„¬C_È° EAMCET H÷ f‹¬°ä›½O@°<Œß_¨ ? coaching Is he taking coaching for the EAMCET now ? .Phil. Is your sister doing M. g°~¡ ° W„¬ C _È ° KǶ‹¬°ë<Œß~Œ? results HË‹¬ O Z^Î ° ~¡ ° 8. Are you waiting for the results now? 4.. Phil. D "Œ~¡O.A. * "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ I . It . She. He.subject Qê L#愬C_È° 'is' We. You. Note : EXAMPLES 1. 6.I examination at present? Is your father still working in that company ? 5.

I. 13. salary draw ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO P ‡¦•¼H›“s…Õ ZO`Ç=°Ok „¬x KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß~¡° ? Howmany men are working in that factory at present? 20.I.I. 11. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO D course H÷ ZO`Ç = °Ok students attend J=ô`Ç°<Œß~¡°? Howmany students are attending this course at present ? g°~¡° „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë OÇ XH› <³•ä›½ ZO`Ç ‚¬ð‹¬…“ ˜ „¦A Ô =‹¬¶•° KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß~¡°? 8. 9. Who is leading our cricket team at present ? 5. 17. 18. h=ô ã „ ¬ ‹ ¬ ° ë ` Ç O ZO`Ç KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß=ô? 12. 12. 7. 10. 15. h=ô D ~ËA [Þ~¡O`Ë ƒì^•Î„_ ¬ °È KÇ°<Œß"Œ? g°~¡° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO Ì‹•=ô•° enjoy KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß~Œ? g° À‹ß‚²ì`Ç°_È° WH›ø_È …ì†Ç°~ŸQê practise KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß_¨? <ŒQê~¡°û# W„¬C_È° ‚²ìOn films …Õ act KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß_¨? g° mother W„¬C_È° guests #° treat KÍ‹¬°ë#ß^¥? "Œ~¡° W„¬C_È° WH›ø_È U^³á<Œ problem face KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß~Œ? D "Œ~¡ O "Œ~¡ ° pending files clear KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß~Œ? ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO g° parents ZH›ø_È =ôO@°<Œß~¡°? ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO g°ä›½ material Z=~¡° supply KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß~¡°? "Œ~¡ ° W„¬ C _È ° ZO^Î ° ä› ½ `Ç Q ® = ô…ì_È ° 䛽O@°<Œß~¡°? h=ô Chemistry H÷ U book refer KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß=ô ? ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO P camp …Õ ZO`Ç=°Ok tH›Æ} ‡ÚO^ΰKÇ°<Œß~¡°? h=ô W„¬C_È° WH›ø_È Z=i HË‹¬O Z^ΰ~¡° KǶ‹¬°ë<Œß=ô ? K³~á à¡ <£ „¬^q Î H÷ Dª•i ZO`Ç=°Ok ‡é\© „¬_È°KÇ°<Œß~¡°? h䛽 ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO WH›ø_È Z=~¡° ‹¬‚¬ð†Ç°O KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß~¡° ? Z Nothing is impossible to a willing heart. "Œ~¡ ° function H÷ U~Œæ@°Á ZH› ø _È KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß~¡°? 6.. 38 . EXERCISE 'Wh' QUESTIONS 11. Why are you standing here now ? 14. h=ô W„¬C_È° ZO^ΰ䛽 WH›ø_È x•|_• =ô<Œß=ô? 3. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO =°# ãH÷ïH\˜ \©"£°#° Z=~¡° KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß~¡° ? lead 4. Where are they making arrangements for the function ? 16. W„¬C_È° h=ô WO\÷^ÎQ®¾~¡ Uq°KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß=ô? What are you doing at home now? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•.I.T …Õ U : 94406 16425 course Which course are you doing in the N. h=ô W„¬ C _È ° KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß=ô? N. Howmuch fee are you collecting for hostel per month at present ? Howmuch salary are you drawing at present? 19. 2. g° brother Z…ì KÇ ^ Î ° =ôKÇ ° <Œß _ È ° ? How is your brother studying ? 1.T at present? 13. 15. 14.

P"³ ° ã „ ¬ ‹ ¬ ° ë ` Ç O `³ • °Q® ° ‹² x =¶•…Õ #\÷OKÇ@O…è^¥ ? Isn't she acting in Telugu movies at present ? 10. You. <Í#° ‹¬iQê „¬x K͆ǰ@O…è^¥ ? Aren't I working properly ? 39 K͆ǰ@O .) He. * Note : Subject –> "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ 'I' J~ò#„¬C_È° 'Aren't I' =KÇ°ó#°. ('Amn't I' ~Œä›•_È^ΰ. J`Ç_È° D ~ËA college H÷ "³ˆ×¤@O…è^¥ ? Isn't he going to college today ? 9. D <³•. "Œ~¡° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO D …è^¥ ? town …Õ x=tOKÇ@O Aren't they living in this town at present? 7. P`Ç_È° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO job K͆ǰ@O…è^¥ ? Isn't he doing job at present ? 4. D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O continuous Qê KÍ‹¬¶ëO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Isn't/Aren't + Verb + 'ing' form" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. D q^•Î=òQê =°#=òQêx. It J~ò#„¬C_È° 'Isn't' We. She. P"³° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO g° WO\ÕÁ LO_È@O…è^¥ ? Isn't she staying in your house at present ? 5. <Í#° „¬xÌ„á ã‰×^Îí KǶ„¬@O…è^¥ ? Aren't I concentrating on work ? 2. "Í~ùH›~°¡ Qêx „ã ‹¬ °¬ `ë =Ç ò =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò# J#Qê D ~ËA. h=ô W„¬C_È° D …è^¥? scooter use K͆ǰ@O Aren't you using this scooter now ? 6.. h=ô D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O P Hê…èl…Õ KÇ^= Î @O …è^¥ ? Aren't you studying in that college this year ? 3. They J~ò#„¬C_È° 'Aren't ' =KÇ°ó#°. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë = Ç ò =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò# continuous Qê XH›~°¡ KÍ‹¬¶ëO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. g°~¡° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO business K͆ǰ@O …è^¥ ? P"³° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO D school …Õ „¬xK͆ǰ@O …è^¥? J J J J J`Ç_È° D ~ËA WH›ø_È䛽 ~Œ=_ÈO…è^¥ ? "Œ~¡° D <³• class H÷ attend J=@O…è^¥? Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO KÍ‹¬¶ëO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. h=ô ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO U …è^¥ ? job HË‹¬O try Aren't you trying for any job at present? 8. D "Œ~¡O. EXAMPLES 1.

19. 3. 12.. 2. 15. Why aren't you living in that house at present ? 6. 4. g°~¡ ° ã „ ¬ ‹ ¬ ° ë ` Ç O P WO\ÕÁ ZO^Î ° ä› ½ x=tOKÇ@…è^ΰ ? 5. h=ô D ~ËA Hê…èlH÷ "³ˆ×¤@O…è^¥ ? g°~¡° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO "ŒiH÷ material supply K͆ǰ@O…è^¥ ? J`Ç _ È ° ã „ ¬ ‹ ¬ ° ë ` Ç O U problem face K͆ǰ@O…è^¥ ? P"³° W„¬C_È° D medicines f‹¬°HË=@O …è^¥ ? "Œ~¡ ° ã „ ¬ ‹ ¬ ° ë ` Ç O ï ~ á ` Ç ° •ä› ½ loans W=Þ@O…è^¥? h=ô D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O P course K͆ǰ@O …è^¥ ? g°~¡ ° ‹¬ i Qê accounts maintain K͆ǰ@O…è^¥ ? P†Ç°# ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO new cases take up K͆ǰ_ÈO…è^¥ ? P"³° „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë OÇ H›^•Î•° "ã Œ†Ç°@O…è^¥ ? g° father h䛽 money „¬O„¬@O…è^¥ ? h=ô D scooter ZO^ΰ䛽 use K͆ǰ@O …è^ΰ ? g°~¡° rules ZO^ΰ䛽 follow J=@O…è^°Î ? "Œ~¡° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO books ZO^ΰ䛽 publish K͆ǰ@O…è^ΰ ? P†Ç°# ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO films …Õ ZO^ΰ䛽 act K͆ǰ@O…è^ΰ ? P"³ ° D ~ËA "Œi`Ë Hyderabad ZO^ΰ䛽 "³ˆ×¤@O…è^ΰ ? Z Fools rush in where angels fear to tread. Why isn't he attending the duty this week ? 16. P"³ ° ã „ ¬ ‹ ¬ ° ë ` Ç O WH› ø _È ä › ½ ZO^Î ° ä› ½ ~Œ=@O…è^ΰ ? Why isn't she coming here at present? 17. Why aren't you working in that office at present ? 12. 13. 11. 14. D camera ZO^ΰ䛽 „¬xK͆ǰ@O…è^ΰ ? Why isn't this camera functioning ? 20. "Œ~¡° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO h ïHO^ΰ䛽 ‹¬‚¬ìH›iOKÇ@O …è^ΰ ? Why aren't they co-operating with you now ? 14. h=ô studies Ì„á ZO^ΰ䛽 K͆ǰ@O…è^ΰ ? concentrate Why aren't you concentrating on your studies ? 1. : 94406 16425 'Wh' QUESTIONS EXERCISE 11. 9. h=ô ã „ ¬ ‹ ¬ ° ë ` Ç O P office …Õ ZO^Î ° ä› ½ „¬xK͆ǰ@O…è^ΰ ? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. h=ô D ~ËA college H÷ ZO^ΰ䛽 "³ˆ×¤@O …è^ΰ ? Why aren't you going to college today? 13. "Œ~¡ ° ã „ ¬ ‹ ¬ ° ë ` Ç O K͆ǰ@O…è^ΰ ? business ZO^Î ° ä› ½ Why aren't they doing business at present ? 18. J`Ç_È° D "Œ~¡O duty H÷ ZO^ΰ䛽 attend J=@O…è^ΰ ? 7. 10. P"³° W„¬C_È° g°`Ë ZO^ΰ䛽 LO_È@O…è^ΰ? Why isn't she staying with you now ? 8. 15. 40 .

Are they living in Nellore at present ? 4. She is staying in the hostel at present. 4. Ex : 1. Question Form 4. Are you going to college now ? 2. Negative Question Form J#° 4 parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. Isn't she attending the classes this week ? 3. They are playing a match today. : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ "Am/Is/Are + Verb + 'ing' form" Q®°iOz <Í~°¡ óä½› <Œß=ò. We are not facing any problem here at present. 2. I am learning English now. QUESTION FORM : ㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç=ò =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò# XH›~¡° continuous Qê KÍ‹¬¶ë#ß XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Am/Is/Are + Verb + 'ing' form" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 3. I am not using this bicycle now. Is she studying B. D 4 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò. nx…Õ 1. Ex : 1. Is he suffering from a fever today? 4. NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM : ㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç=ò =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò# XH›~¡° continuous Qê KÍ‹¬¶ëO_Èx XH› „¬ x x Q® ° iOz ã „ ¬ t ß O KÇ ° @ä› ½ "Isn't/Aren't + verb + 'ing' form" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 2. Ex : 1. Aren't they doing this business now ? 41 . 1. 3. Positive Form 2. They are not helping us at present. Aren't you coming with me now ? 2. NEGATIVE FORM : ㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç=ò =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò# XH›~¡° continuous Qê KÍ‹¬¶ëO_Èx XH› „¬ x x Q® ° iOz ‹¬ ¶ zOKÇ ° @ä› ½ "am /is/ are + not + 'ing' form" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. nxx grammar …Õ Present ContinuousTense JO\ì~¡°. He is not doing any job at present. 2. We are waiting for the train now. Negative Form 3.. POSITIVE FORM ㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç=ò =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò# XH›~¡° continuous Qê K͆ÇòKÇ°#ß XH› „¬xx ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 ''am / is / are + Verb + 'ing' form" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.Sc. 4. 3. this year? 3. Ex : 1.

Spend spent spent 63. Thrive throve thriven 79. Teach taught taught 75. Swear swore sworn 71. Y~¡°óK͆Çò@ ‡•_È°K͆ò Ç @ "Œ¼„²OKÇ°@ x•|_È°@ ^ùOyeOKÇ°@ 䛽@°“@ J_È°ÛHù#°@ ‡é~Œ_È°@ ㄬ=¶}O K͆Çò@ T_È°ó@ D^ΰ@ f‹¬°Hù#°@ <ÍiæOKÇ°@ zOKÇ°@ K³„¬C@ P…ÕzOKÇ°@ Ja•=$kœ K³O^ΰ@ q‹¬~¡°@ J~¡ÖO KÍ‹¬°Hù#°@ …Õx Positive Form. Spoil spoilt spoilt 64. Spoken English lesson Z 42 'Drown not thyself to save a drowning man'. Swim swam swum 73. Negative Question Form ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 4 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. Speak spoke spoken 62. .. "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O. Sweep swept swept 72. Stand stood stood 66. Steal stole stolen 67. Think thought thought 78. Throw threw thrown 80. Question Form. Take took taken 74. Tell told told 77. Negative Form. : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs. Understand understood understood D ~ËA Meaning =¶\ìÁ_È°@ Q®_È°„¬ô@. Sting stang stung 68. I Form II Form III Form 61. Strike stroke struck 69. Tear tore torn 76. Strive strove striven 70. Spread spread spread 65.

last night.V. You. 2. They were helping us then. "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ I. "Í°=ò last month bank test H÷ coaching f‹¬°HùO@¶O_•<Œ=ò. * Note : J#° D ~ï O_•O\÷x Past 'Be' forms JO^ΰ~¡°. =¶ father J„¬C_È° <Œ~¡°. He. They (Plural) . …Õ XH› KǶ‹¬¶Oë _•<Œ=ò. 5. 43 <Í#° x#ß h HË‹¬O wait KÍ‹¶ ¬ Oë _•<Œ#°. Q®`Ç <³•. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› Q®`ÇO…Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^³á##° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° continuous Qê KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Was / Were + 'ing' form" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Q®`"Ç Œ~¡O. We were writing examinations last week. 4. English movie We were watching an English movie on T. I was waiting for you yesterday. ..V. "Œ~¡° J„¬C_È° =¶ä›½ help KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•<Œ~¡°. "Í ° =ò last month study classes H÷ attend J=ô`ǶO_•<Œ=ò. "Í°=ò ~Œãu T. My uncle was practising as a lawyer in the High Court then. It (Singular) . She was working as a steno then. P"³° J„¬C_È° steno Qê „¬x KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•#k. 10. 6. 8. <Í#° x#ß h HË‹¬O library ^ÎQ~¾® ¡ Z^ΰ~¡° KǶ‹¬¶Oë _•<Œ#°. 3. discuss They were discussing that matter yesterday. P"³° last year Intermediate KÇ^°Î =ô KǶO_•#k.subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'were' =KÇ°ó#°. We. 7. Q®`ÇO…Õx HùO`Ç Hê•=ò continuous Qê KÍ‹¶ ¬ Oë _•# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz W`Ç~°¡ •ä›½ ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. 'Was' 'Were' EXAMPLES 1. =¶ uncle J„¬C_È° High Court …Õ lawyer Qê practise KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•<Œ~¡°. stay KÍ‹¶ ¬ Oë _• He was staying in the hostel last year.subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'was' =KÇ°ó#°. She. J J J J Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`ÇO…Õ continuous Qê KÍ‹¶ ¬ Oë _•# „¬#°•#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. "Œ~¡ ° x#ß O `Œ P q+¬ † Ç ° O KÍ‹¬¶ë=ô<Œß~¡°. 9. =¶ father J„¬C_È° <³•¶Á~°¡ …Õ „¬x KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _• <Œ~¡°. "Í°=ò last week exams "ã Œ‹¬¶Oë _•<Œ=ò. J`Ç_°È last year hostel …Õ <Œ_È°. : 94406 16425 PAST CONTINUOUS =°#=ò Hùxß „¬#°•° Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ continuous Qê KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _• †ÇòO^ΰ=ò. We were attending the study classes last month. business KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _• My father was doing business then. D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ J#Qê x#ß Qêx. P „¬#°•° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO K͆Çò@…è^ΰ.

<Í#° x#ß D book refer KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•<Œ#°. "Í°=ò last month public examinations "ã Œ‹¬¶Oë _•<Œ=ò. "Œ~¡ ° J„¬ C _È ° KŒ…ì strict Qê rules ‡•\÷‹¶¬ Oë _•<Œ~¡°. 17. …Õ serial KǶ‹¬¶ë<Œß=ò. P"³° x#ßO`Œ important letters type KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•#k. P"³° last month typhoid `Ë ƒì^•Î„_¬ °È `ǶO_•#k. Malathi was teaching us Mathematics last year. : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 11. 20. <Í # ° x#ß D „¬ ô ‹¬ ë H › O HË‹¬ O "³ ` Ç ° ä› ½ `ǶO_•<Œ#°. 19. Z 44 . <Í#° last year News reporter Qê „¬x KǶ‹¬¶Oë _•<Œ#°. 6. J`Ç_È° last year „¬îiëQê studies Ì„á concentrate KÍ‹¶ ¬ Oë _•<Œ_È°. 7. 5. "Œ~¡° J„¬C_È° <Œ~¡°. Malathi last year Maths Mrs. 13. 2.. We were travelling by the Circar Express at this time yesterday. 4. We were writing public examinations last month. J`Ç _ È ° last year KŒ…ì KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•<Œ_È°. <Í#° ~Œã`ÇO`Œ "Í°…çøx L<Œß#°. I was refering to this book yesterday. Mrs. [iy#„¬C_È°. "Œ~¡° last month greeting cards sale KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•<Œ~¡°. Last week <Í#° notes `dž¶ Ç ~¡° KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _• 1.000 r`ÇO draw KÍ‹¶ ¬ Oë _•<Œ_È°. =¶ä›½ teach KÍ‹¶ ¬ Oë _•#k. "Í°=ò last month Physics subject prepare JQ®°KǶO_•<Œ=ò. hard work He was doing hard work last year. 12. "Í°=ò x#ß cards distribute KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _• <Œ=ò. "Œ~¡° last week South India ‹¬O^ÎiÅ ‹¬¶Oë _•<Œ~¡°. 9. They were celebrating the festival last week. 10. We were making arrangements for the function yesterday. J`Ç_È° fast Qê #_È°„¬ôKÇ°O_•<Œ_È°. J`Ç_È° last year <³•ä›½ ~¡¶. 14. 13. <Œ#°. "Í°=ò x#ß „¦O¬ H›< Æ H£ ÷ U~Œæ@°Á KÍ‹¶ ¬ Oë _• <Œ=ò.V. J`Ç_È° WO`Ç䛽 =òO^ΰ HêOãïQ‹¹ ‡•s“ Hê~¡¼H›~Që¡ ê „¬xKÍ‹¶ ¬ Oë _•<Œ_È°. 8. 4. rice business KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _• They were doing rice business then. 15. 14. 16. I was preparing notes last week. P"³ ° x#ß O `Œ Ju^•Î ° •ä› ½ =°~Œ¼^Î KǶ‹¬¶Oë _•#k. Accident car KŒ…ì He was driving the car very fast when the accident happened. "Í°=ò x#ß D time …Õ Circar Express …Õ ã „ ¬ † Ç ¶ }O KÍ ‹ ¬ ¶ ë O _•<Œ=ò. "Í°=ò x#ß P time …Õ T. "Œ~¡ ° Q® ` Ç " Œ~¡ O „¬ O _È ° Q® [~¡ ° „¬ ô 䛽O@¶O_•<Œ~¡°. 11. 15. Rome was not built in a day. 18. 3. 12.

<Í#° x#ß D letters type KÍ‹¬°ëO_È…è^ΰ. ‹¬z<£ >ÿO_È°•ø~Ÿ Q®`Ç series …Õ ‹¬iQê 5. J J "Í°=ò Q®`Ç"Œ~¡O HêÁ‹¬°•ä›½ attend J=ô`ǶO_È…è^ΰ. She was not working in this office then. <Í # ° J„¬ C _È ° U subject H© f‹¬°ä›½O@°O_È…è^ΰ. We were not facing this problem then. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ I. 8. <Í#° x#ß h HË‹¬O wait KÍ‹¬°ëO_È…è^ΰ. Q®`Ç <³•. D q^•ÎOQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ x#ß Qêx.. 2. J`Ç_°È Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O „¬sH›•Æ 䛽 ‹¬iQê prepare J=ô`Ç°O_È…è^ΰ. . "Í°=ò WO`Ç䛽=òO^ΰ D problem face KÍ‹¬°ëO_È…è^ΰ. 6. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› Q®`OÇ …Õx =°i†Í°W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³#á #° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ continuous Qê KÍ‹°¬ Oë _Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 '' Was / Were + not + 'ing' form" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. EXAMPLES 1. x#ß WH›ø_È =~¡ÂO „¬_È°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ. Q®`OÇ "Œ~¡O. "Œ~¡° WO`Çä½› =òO^ΰ D "Œ¼‡•~¡O KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _È …è^°Î . You. He was not preparing well for the examinations last year. It was not raining here yesterday. We were not practising games in the college then. tuition I was not taking tuition for any subject then. P"³ ° WO`Ç ä › ½ =òO^Î ° D office …Õ 3. Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~¡° KÍ‹¬¶ëO_Èx „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. I was not typing these letters yesterday. h=ô J„¬C_È° money save KÍ‹¬°ëO_È…è^ΰ. 9. They. 10.subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'were not' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. weekly tests They were not conducting the weekly tests last year. You were not saving money then. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~°¡ continuous Qê KÍ‹¬°ëO_Èx „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ° KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. J J P"³° J„¬C_È° =¶ WO\ÕÁ „¬x KÍ‹°¬ Oë _È…^è °Î .subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'was not' We. He. 45 7. Sachin Tendulkar was not playing well in the last series. 4. She. "Í°=ò J„¬C_È° college …Õ games practise KÍ‹¬°ëO_È…è^ΰ. It . „¬xKÍ‹¬°ëO_È…è^ΰ. P_È°`Ç°O_È…è^ΰ. "Œ~¡° Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O x~¡Þ‚²ì‹¬°ëO_È…è^ΰ.

She was not studying in this college last year. 4. J„¬C_È° D. ~ŒR „ã ƒ¬ •’°`ÇÞO J„¬C_È° [#àƒ•’¶q°…Õ D Hê~¡¼ãH›=°=ò#° x~¡Þ‚²ì‹¬°ëO_È…è^ΰ. I was not waiting for you there yesterday. KÍ‹¬°ëO_È…è^ΰ. =‹¬°ëO_È…è^ΰ. Z 46 . "Í°=ò J„¬C_È° guides follow J=ô`Ç°O_È …è^ΰ. United we stand. "Í°=ò Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O maths tuition f‹¬°ä›½O@¶O_È_ÈO…è^ΰ. 13. P"³° WO`Çä½› =òO^ΰ D [|°Ä`Ë ƒì^•Î„_ ¬ °È `ǶO_È…è^ΰ.A „ã ƒ¬ •’°`ŒÞxH÷ support KÍ‹¬°ëO_È…è^ΰ. …è^ΰ. `ǶO_È …è^ΰ. 3. =¶ manager Q® ` Ç "Œ~¡ O office ä› ½ 15. 8. <Œ friends WO`Ç䛽 =òO^ΰ <Œä›½ help 14. They were not doing this business then. 9. <Í#° Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O U job Hù~¡ä›½ try KÍ‹¬°ëO_È…è^ΰ. 1. P"³° Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O D college …Õ KÇ^°Î =ô 20.D. J=_ÈO…è^ΰ. h=ô Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O studies Ì„á ‹¬iQê concentrate KÍ‹¬°ëO_È…è^ΰ. =¶ lecturers Q®`ÇO…Õ special HêÁ‹¬°•° x~¡Þ‚²ì‹¬°ëO_È…è^ΰ. 11. J`Ç_È° x#ß D book refer KÍ‹¬°ëO_È…è^ΰ. 13. Our manager was not coming to office last week. 2. "Í°=ò Q®`ÇO…Õ studies neglect KÍ‹¬°ëO_È 12. "Í°=ò WO`Ç䛽=òO^ΰ D problem face KÍ‹¬°ëO_È…è^ΰ. We were not following guides then. <Í#° x#ß g° HË‹¬O JH›ø_È wait KÍ‹¬°ëO_È 19. "Í°=ò Q®`Ç <³• study classes 䛽 attend 17. "Œ~¡° J„¬C_È° D town …Õ x=t‹¬°Oë _È…^ è °Î . Divided we fall. We were not attending the study classes last month. "Í°=ò Q®`Ç"Œ~¡O strike …Õ ‡•…ç¾O@°O_È …è^ΰ.K. "Œ~¡° WO`Ç䛽 =òO^ΰ D business 16. You were not concentrating on your studies last year. She was not staying in the hostel last year. 11. "Í°=ò J„¬C_È° D oil use KÍ‹¬°ëO_È…è^ΰ. 14. : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 5. 12. ‡•s“ N. KÍ‹¬°ëO_È…è^ΰ.. P"³° Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O hostel …Õ stay 18. =¶ brother Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O business KǶ‹¬°ä›½O@¶O_È…è^ΰ. 15. 7. <Í#° Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O NIIT …Õ D course KÍ‹¬°ëO_È…è^ΰ.M. We were not neglecting our studies last time. 10. 6. "Í°=ò WO`Ç䛽=òO^ΰ =¶ personal matters P†Ç°#`Ë discuss KÍ‹¬°ëO_È …è^ΰ. KÍ‹¬°ëO_È…è^ΰ. …è^ΰ. My friends were not helping me then. <Í # ° J„¬ C _È ° competitive „¬ s H› Æ • ä› ½ prepare J=ô`Ç°O_È…è^ΰ.

Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› Q®`ÇO…Õx U ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^³á##° XH›~¡° continuous Qê KÍ‹¬¶ëO_È° XH› „¬xx ㄬtßOKÇ°@䛽 '' Was / Were + Verb + 'ing' form" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. He. g°~¡° x#ß wedding KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•<Œ~Œ ? 5. Q®`<Ç •³ . * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ I. …Õ Hã Hï÷ \˜ =¶¼KŸ KǶ‹¬°Oë _• <Œ"Œ ? Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. Q®`Ç "Œ~¡O.subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'was' We. continuous Qê KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•# „¬#°•#° D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ J#Qê x#ß. <Í#° x#ß P time …Õ xã^·é`Ƕ<Œß<Œ ? Was I sleeping at that time yesterday? 2.q. It .. She. N KÇ O ã ^ Î ƒ ì|° x#ß =~¡ O Q® … ˜ l…ìÁ … Õ „¬~¼¡ \÷‹¶¬ Oë _•<Œ~Œ ? Were you distributing the wedding cards yesterday ? Was Sri Chandra Babu touring in Warangal district yesterday ? cards P time …Õ J`Ç_È° important letters type KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•<Œ_¨ ? 9. EXAMPLES 1. "Œ~¡ ° Q® ` Ç " Œ~¡ O KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•<Œ~Œ ? Were they issuing hall-tickets last week ? Physics practicals Were you doing Physics practicals last week ? 4. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ continuous Qê KÍ‹¬°ë#ß „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. They . x#ß WH›ø_È =~¡Â=ò „¬_°È `ǶO_•#^¥ ? Was it raining here yesterday ? 8.subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'were' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 10. J J J g°~¡° Q®`Ç <³• „¬sH›•Æ ° "ã Œ‹¬¶Oë _•<Œ~Œ ? J P"³° WO`Çä½› =òO^ΰ g° WO\ÕÁ LO@¶O_• #^¥? g° brother J„¬C_È° Delhi …Õ Job KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _• <Œ_¨ ? h=ô x#ß \÷. P"³ ° x#ß WO\÷ ^Î Q ® ¾ ~ ¡ @¶O_•#^¥ ? rest f‹¬ ° ä› ½ O Was she taking rest at home yesterday? Q®`Ç "Œ~¡O ‡•s“ Jƒ•’¼~¡°œ•° WO\÷O\©H© canvas KÍ‹¶ ¬ Oë _•<Œ~Œ ? Were the party candidates canvassing from door to door last week ? Was he typing the important letters at that time ? 47 hall-tickets issue „¬O„²}© 3. You. 6. J„¬æ\÷ HêOãQï ‹¹ „ ã ƒ ¬ •’°`ÇÞO D „¬^HΊ ê•#° J=°•° „¬~°¡ ‹¬¶Oë _•#^¥ ? Was the then Congress government implementing these schemes ? . g°~¡ ° Q® ` Ç " Œ~¡ O KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _• <Œ~Œ ? 7.

"Œ~¡ ° x#ß ZO^Î ° ä› ½ `Ç Q ® = ô…ì_È ° HùO@¶O_•<Œ~¡° ? 12. Last year g° business Z=~¡ ° KǶ‹¬°ä›½O@°<Œß~¡° ? 15. Last summer …Õ h=ô U course KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•<Œ=ô ? 14. J`Ç_È° h`Ë Uq° argue KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•<Œ_È°? What was he arguing with you ? 1. Accident [iy# ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò…Õ Hê~¡° Z=~¡° drive KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß~¡° ? Who was driving the car when the accident happened ? 14. g°~¡ ° P_•\Õi†Ç ° OH÷ "³ o ¤ # „¬ C _È ° g°\÷OQ·…Õ Z=~¡° =¶\ìÁ_°È KǶO_•<Œ~¡°? Who was speaking in the meeting when you went to the auditorium ? 18. "Œ~¡° WO`Ç䛽 =òO^ΰ D ‹¬O‹¬Ö#° x~¡Þ‚²ì ‹¬¶Oë _•<Œ~Œ ? 6. P ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò# |‹¬°•…Õ ZO`Ç =°Ok „ ã † ¬ ¶Ç }=ò KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•<Œ~¡° ? Howmay passengers were travelling in the bus at that time ? 20. P"³ ° x#ß P time …Õ special items `dž¶Ç ~¡° KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•#^¥ ? 5. "Œ~¡ ° x#ß ZO^Î ° ä› ½ P „¬_ÈQù@°“KÇ°<Œß~¡° ? building #° Why were they demolishing that building yesterday ? 19. x#ß D time …Õ h=ô WO\÷ ^ÎQ®¾~¡ Uq° KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•<Œ=ô? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. g°ä›½ Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O Hê…èl…Õ Maths Z=~¡° teach KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•<Œ~¡° ? 11. x#ß L^Ά°Ç O h=ô ZH›ø_•H÷ "³ˆ´× Oë _•<Œ=ô? 9. g°~¡ ° x#ß <Œ HË‹¬ O ZH› ø _È KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•<Œ~¡° ? wait Where were you waiting for me yesterday? 16. What were you doing at home at this time yesterday ? 12. x#ß h=ô P shop …Õ Uq° HùO@¶<Œß=ô ? What were you buying in that shop yesterday ? 13.. Last summer …Õ h=ô English grammar <Í~°¡ äó ½› O@¶O_•<Œ"Œ ? 7. x#ß ~Œãu g°~¡° Uq° KŒ…ì ‹Ôi†Ç°‹¹ Qê KÇi‹ ó ¶¬ Oë _•<Œ~¡° ? 10. Q®`Ç"Œ~¡O g°~¡° office #° ãHù`Çë building …ÕxH÷ shift KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•<Œ~Œ ? 8. h=ô x#ß P time …Õ JH›ø_È ZO^ΰ䛽 x•|_• =ô<Œß=ô ? Z Confidence is the first secret of success. g°~¡° last year result HË‹¬O hard work KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•<Œ~Œ ? 3. P „²••Á #° J„¬C_È° Z=~¡° ‡é+²‹¶ ¬ Oë _• <Œ~¡° ? Who was feeding those children then? 17. 48 . x#ß JO`Œ g°~¡° train …Õ ã„¬†Ç¶}O KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•<Œ~Œ ? 2. J`Ç _ È ° WO`Ç ä › ½ =òO^Î ° hä› ½ help KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•<Œ_¨ ? 4. : 94406 16425 'Wh' QUESTIONS EXERCISE 11. h䛽 J„¬C_È° Z=~¡° help KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•<Œ~¡°? 13. x#ß\÷ =~¡ä›½ P"³° U ‡ÚO^ΰ`ǶO_•#k ? hospital …Õ zH÷`•Ç In which hospital was she undergoing treatment till yesterday ? 15.

Q®`Ç <³•. …Õ match KǶ‹¬¶Oë _È…^è ¥? J J Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`ÇO…Õ KÍ‹¬¶ëO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› Q®`OÇ …Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³á##° XH›~¡° continuous Qê KÍ‹¬¶ëO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Wasn't/Weren't + Verb + "ing" form L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. EXAMPLES 1. He. ~Œãu WH›ø_È =~¡âO „¬_È°`ǶO_È…è^¥ ? 5.. You. It J~ò#„¬C_È° 'Wasn't =KÇ°ó#°. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ Subject . P"³° last month hostel …Õ stay J g°~¡° last year classes H÷ attend KÍ‹¬¶ëO_È…è^¥? J=ô`Ç°O_È…è^¥ ? "Œ~¡° WO`Çä½› =òO^ΰ D "Œ¼‡•~¡O KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _È…^è ¥ ? J x#ß h=ô T. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò Q®`OÇ …Õ XH›~°¡ continuous Qê KÍ‹¶ ¬ Oë _Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz „ ã t ¬ ßOKÇ° KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. J`Ç _ È ° last KÍ‹¬°ëO_È…è^¥? year job HË‹¬ O try Wasn't he trying for a job last year ? 8. Q®`"Ç Œ~¡O. 49 Weren't they paying rent for this house then ? x#ß buses u~¡°Q®°`Ç°O_È…è^¥ ? Weren't the buses plying yesterday ? 7. Weren't you waiting for me yesterday? h=ô last week classes H÷ attend J=ô`ǶO_È…è^¥ ? 3.I. P"³ ° last year Maths H÷ f‹¬°ä›½O@¶O_È…è^¥ ? coaching Wasn't she taking coaching for Maths last year ? 9. J`Ç_°È J„¬C_È° programmes …Õ participate KÍ‹¬¶ëO_È…è^¥ ? Wasn't he participating in programmes then ? 10. Wasn't it raining here last night ? "Œ~¡ ° J„¬ C _È ° D house H÷ rent pay KÍ‹¬¶ëO_È…è^¥ ? 6. She.V. x#ß h=ô <Œ HË‹¬O wait KÍ‹¶ ¬ Oë _È@O …è^¥? 2. We. Weren't you attending the classes last week ? J`Ç_È° J„¬C_È° h䛽 help KÍ‹¬¶ëO_È…è^¥? Wasn't he helping you then ? 4. "Œ~¡° WO`Ç䛽=òO^ΰ g°ä›½ study classes x~¡Þ‚²ì‹¬¶ëO_È…è^¥ ? Weren't they conducting study classes to you previously ? . They J~ò#„¬C_È° 'Weren't =KÇ°ó#°. D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ x#ß.

11. h=ô x#ß P time …Õ JH›ø_È x•|_• =ôO_È…è^¥? 2. g°~¡° J„¬C_È° accounts ZO^ΰ䛽 maintain KÍ‹¬¶ëO_È@O…è^ΰ? Z Ability is poorman's wealth. h=ô last week library H÷ ZO^Î ° ä› ½ =‹¬¶ëO_È…è^ΰ ? 13. P"³° last year D college …Õ KÇ^ΰ=ô `ǶO_È…è^¥ ? 8. "Œ~¡° WO`Ç䛽 =òO^ΰ D problem face KÍ‹¬¶ëO_È…è^¥ ? 5. 13. 18. 15. J`Ç _ È ° J„¬ C _È ° h =¶@ ZO^Î ° ä› ½ qO@¶O_È@O…è^ΰ ? Why wasn't he listening to your words then ? 20. x#ß buses ZO^ΰ䛽 u~¡°Q®°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ ? 15. book ZO^ΰ䛽 Why weren't you refering to this book previously ? g°~¡° WO`Ç䛽=òO^ΰ D course ZO^ΰ䛽 x~¡Þ‚²ì‹¬¶ëO_È…è^ΰ ? Why weren't you conducting this course previously ? J`Ç _ È ° last year ZO^Î ° ä› ½ job KÍ‹¬¶ëO_È…è^ΰ? Why wasn't he doing job last year ? P"³° WO`Ç䛽=òO^ΰ medicines ZO^ΰ䛽 f‹¬°ä›½O@¶O_È…è^ΰ? Why wasn't she taking medicines previously ? g°~¡ ° J„¬ C _È ° grammar ZO^Î ° ä› ½ <Í~¡°ó䛽O@¶O_È…è^ΰ? Why weren't you learning grammar then? J`Ç_È° J„¬C_È° money ZO^ΰ䛽 save KÍ‹¬¶ëO_È…è^ΰ ? Why wasn't he saving money then ? P"³° J„¬C_È° g°ä›½ D subject ZO^ΰ䛽 teach KÍ‹¬¶ëO_È…è^ΰ ? Why wasn't she teaching you this subject then ? g°~¡° J„¬C_È° games ZO^ΰ䛽 practise KÍ‹¬°ëO_È…è^ΰ ? Why weren't you practising games then ? 19. g°~¡ ° last year D books follow J=ô`ǶO_È…è^¥ ? 3. "Œ~¡ ° WO`Ç ä › ½ =òO^Î ° D town …Õ x=t‹¬¶ëO_È…è^¥ ? 9. h=ô last week duty H÷ attend J=ô`ǶO_È …è^¥ ? 7. "Œ~¡° x#°ß J„¬C_È° ZO^ΰ䛽 ‡ã é`Ç•‚²ì‹¬¶Oë _È …è^ΰ ? Why weren't they encouraging you then ? : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. P"³° x#ß notes ã"Œ‹¬°ëO_È@O…è^¥ ? 4. g°~¡° WO`Çä½› =òO^ΰ D scooter ZO^ΰ䛽 use KÍ‹¬¶ëO_È…è^ΰ ? 10. J`Ç_È° last year job HË‹¬O ZO^ΰ䛽 try KÍ‹¬¶ëO_È…è^ΰ ? 11.. 1. "Œ~¡° h䛽 J„¬C_È° salary ZO^ΰ䛽 pay KÍ‹¬¶ëO_È…è^ΰ ? 12. 14. 16. h=ô WO`Ç䛽=òO^ΰ D refer KÍ‹¬¶ëO_È…è^ΰ ? 12. 17. J`Ç_È° last year job KÍ‹¬¶ëO_È…è^¥ ? 6. 50 . g°~¡° J„¬C_È° J`Çx ‹¬‚¬ð†Ç°O ZO^ΰ䛽 HË~¡°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ ? 14.

I was reading this novel last night. Ex : 1. We were traveling in the train last night. 2. Negative Question Form J#° 4 parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. Positive Form 2. Were they helping you then ? 4. I was not using this scooter then. Was it raining here yesterday ? 3. Weren't you waiting for us yesterday ? 2. nxx grammar …Õ Past Continiuous Tense JO\ì~¡°. : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ "Was/Were + Verb + 'ing' form" Q®°iOz <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM : Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~¡° continuous Qê KÍ‹¬¶ëO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Wasn't /Weren't + Verb + 'ing' form" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. QUESTION FORM : Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~¡° continuous Qê KÍ‹¶ ¬ Oë _•# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Was /Were + Verb+'ing' for m' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Weren't they coming here then ? 51 . NEGATIVE FORM : Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~¡° continuous Qê KÍ‹¬¶ëO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "was /were + not + Verb + 'ing' form" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 2. 3. 2. POSITIVE FORM : Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~¡° continuous Qê KÍ‹¶ ¬ Oë _•# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 ''was / were + Verb + 'ing' form" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.. Ex : 1. Were you suffering from a fever last week ? 2. Negative Form 3. Question Form 4. D 4 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò. Ex : 1. 3. She was suffering from malaria last month. 1. 3. Wasn't he studying in this college last year ? 3. She was not staying in our house then. Ex : 1. We were not attending the classes last week. nx…Õ 1.

"Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O. I Form II Form III Form 81. . •H›Æ¼=ò ãH÷OkH÷ kQ®°@ …Õx Positive Form. Negative Form. Question Form.. Affix affixed affixed 96. Alight alighted alighted D ~ËA Meaning "³O@`Ë_È°Qê =KÇ°ó@ 䛕_ȃÿ@°“@ xO^Î"³¶„¬ô@ J•"Œ@°„¬_È°@ ª•k•OKÇ°@ #\÷OKÇ°@ H›•°„¬ô@ ^ΰ~¡•"Œ@°K͆Çò@ ‹¬OƒÕk•OKÇ°@ ‹¬iK͆Çò@ "³°KÇ°óHù#°@ ^Î`Çë`Ç f‹¬°Hù#°@ P~Œk•OKÇ°@ ‹¬•‚¬ð WKÇ°ó JO\÷OKÇ° H›bëK͆Çò@ ㄬH›\÷OKÇ°@ X„¬CHù#°@ Q®°iÌ„@°“@. Adulterate adulterated adulterated 97. Adore adored adored 94. Agree agreed agreed 99. Aim aimed aimed 100. Advise advised advised 95. Admire admired admired 92. : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs. Accumulate accumulated accumulated 83 Accuse accused accused 84 Accustom accustomed accustomed 85 Achieve achieved achieved 86 Act acted acted 87 Add added added 88 Addict addicted addicted 89 Address addressed addressed 90 Adjust adjusted adjusted 91. Accompany accompanied accompanied 82. Advertise advertised advertised 98. Adopt adopted adopted 93. Spoken English lesson Z 52 Appear like a winner evenif you lose. Negative Question Form ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 4 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•.

P „¬#°•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ "³ò^Î…áÿ HùO`ÇHê•=ò …èH› KŒ…ìHê•=ò continuous Qê [~¡°Q®° `ǶO_È°#°.G. W…ì ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ KÍ‹¶ ¬ Oë _È° XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz W`Ç~°¡ •ä›½ ‹¬¶zOKÇ° KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. 53 6. J=ô`Ç°O\ì~¡°. KÇ^ΰ=ô`Ƕ LO@°Ok. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³#á #° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ continuous Qê KÍ‹°¬ Oë _È° XH› „¬xx ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Will + be + Verb + ing form " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. : 94406 16425 FUTURE CONTINUOUS =°#=ò Hùxß „¬#°•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx HùO`ÇHê•O continuous Qê KÍ‹¬¶ëO^ΰ=ò. "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ subject . We will be paying rent regularly hereafter. D "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ continuous Qê KÍ‹¬¶ëO_È° „¬#°•#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. He wil be helping us hereafter. * J#° ^¥xx 'Future' 'Be' form JO^ΰ~¡°. I will be learning new words every day hereafter. "Í°=ò WH›#°Oz ï~Q®°¼•~ŸQê rent pay 8. KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì_È°. They will be preparing for the examinations next month. My sister will be studying in the university next year. =¶ sister next year university …Õ 4. =KÍ"ó Œ~¡O. I will be working sincerely hereafter. sincere Qê „¬ x 2. KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì_È°. . 10. <Í#° WH› #°Oz ï~Q®°¼•~ŸQê classes 䛽 ‚¬ð[~¡=`ǶO\ì#°.G. D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ J#Qê ~ö „¬ô.. I will be following my uncle's advice hereafter. They will be conducting the interviews for the teacher posts next month. "Í°=ò =KÍó<³• =¶ Ti…Õ stay 3. "Œ~¡° next month „¬sH›Æ•ä›½ prepare KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì=ò. My brother will be trying for a job after his P. Plural U^³á##¶ "will + be + ing form " =KÇ°ó#°. "Œ~¡° WH›#°Oz =°#`Ë ‹¬‚¬ìH›i‹¬°ëO\ì~¡°. <Í # ° WH› # °Oz KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì#°. `Ç~¡°"Œ`Ç job H÷ try 9. <Í # ° WH› #°Oz =¶ ‡•\÷‹°¬ Oë \ì#°.Singular. uncle advice 7. J`Ç _ È ° WH› #°Oz =°#ä› ½ help 5. We will be staying at our village next month. J J J J "Í°=ò =KÍ<ó •³ holidays =¶ =îi…Õ Q®_È°„¬ô`ǶO\ì=ò. <Í#° WH›#°Oz ㄬu~ËA new words <Í~¡°ó䛽O@°O\ì#°. Note : 'Be' EXAMPLES 1. =KÍó<³• "Œ~¡° teacher post •ä›½ interviews x~¡Þ‚²ì‹¬°ëO\ì~¡°. =KÍó <³•. KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì=ò. =¶ brother P. J`Ç_°È WH›#°Oz =°#`Ë stay KÍ‹°¬ Oë \ì_È°.

"Í ° =ò WH› # °Oz `Ç°O\ì=ò. 17. J=ô rules follow We will be following the rules hereafter. I will be saving money hereafter. 20. 11. "Œ~¡° ö~„¬ô =°#HË‹¬O JH›ø_È Z^ΰ~¡° KǶ‹¬°ëO\ì~¡°. =¶ sister next year M. tests They will be conducting tests every week hereafter. =KÍ ó < ³ • JO`Œ =òY¼=°Oã u Zxß H › • „ ã K ¬ Œ~¡O…Õ ‡•…ç¾O\ì~¡°. "Œ~¡° WH› g°^Î@ ㄬu"Œ~¡O x~¡Þ‚²ì‹¬°ëO\ì~¡°. 13. 1. new vehicle use We will be using this new vehicle hereafter. 5. 7. I will be writing diary hereafter. 2. My sister will be doing M. "Œ~¡° WH› g°^Î@ strict Qê maintian KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì~¡°. =KÍó <Œ•°Q®° ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡=ò•° =¶ cousin Madras …Õ Engineering KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì_È°. 4. =°~¡°<Œ_È° =°# doubts clarify KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì~¡°. Chemistry practicals We will be doing Chemistry practicals next week. "Í°=ò WH› #°Oz D KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì=ò.. next year business My father will be doing business next year. 19. accounts They will be maintaining the accounts strictly hereafter. 12.Phil next year. <Í#° WH›#°Oz diary ã"Œ‹¬°ëO\ì#°. P"³° ~ö „¬ô D time H÷ WH›ø_Èä½› =‹¬°Oë @°Ok. 6. "Í°=ò next two months D game ƒìQê practise KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì=ò. =°# Maths teacher ~ö „¬ô. : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 9. there is a way.Phil KÍ‹°¬ Oë @°Ok. <Í#° WH›#°Oz money save KÍ‹°¬ Oë \ì#°. 14. WH› #°Oz <Í#° Z„¬æ\H÷ „ › C¬ _È° h䛽 inform KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì#°. =¶ brother WH›#°Oz <Œ ^ÎQ~ö¾® LO\ì_È°. She will be taking Homeopathic medicines hereafter. 12. Z Where there is a will. P"³° WH›#°Oz homeopathic medicines f‹¬°ä›½O@°Ok. "Í°=ò =KÍó"Œ~¡O KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì=ò. 15. 10. books refer KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì#°.K. 13. <Í#° WH›#°Oz Z䛽ø=Qê G. D course …Õ <Í#° x#°ß guide KÍ‹¬°ëO \ì#°. 54 . 18. =¶ father KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì~¡°. =KÍó <³•O`Œ "Œ~¡° Hù`Çë F@~¡Á list `dž¶ Ç ~¡° KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì~¡°. 16. "Í°=ò ö~„¬ô D time H÷ Bangalore KÍ~¡° 䛽O@¶O\ì=ò. 8. WH› g°^Î@ D mill ƒìQê „¬xKÍ‹¬°ëO@°Ok. 11. 3. <Í#° WH›#°Oz h䛽 `Ç~K ¡ °Ç Qê …ÿ@~Ÿ• "ã Œ‹¬¶ë LO\ì#°. 14.

J J J J continuous Qê "Í°=ò WH› J`Çx„Ì á P^•¥~¡„_¬ =È ò. 8. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°ë…Õx =°i†Í°W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^³á##° =°#=°ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° continuous Qê KÍ‹¬¶ëO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz W`Ç~¡°•ä›½ ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Will not + be + Verb + 'ing' form" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. 10. =¶ brother =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O D K͆ǰ_È°. They will not be interefering in his matter hereafter.. 9. We will not be seeking his help hereafter. 7. J`Ç_È° WH› =°#䛽 money „¬O„¬_È°. <Í#° =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O K͆ǰ#°. 4. =KÍ"ó Œ~¡O.Singular. She will not be coming to our house hereafter. We will not be delaying the work hereafter. „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ continuous Qê KÍ‹¶ ¬ Oë _È° „¬#°•#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. He will not be sending us money hereafter. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ subject . 55 6. "Í ° =ò WH› #°Oz D J==ò. hostel …Õ stay I willnot be staying in the hostel next year. =KÍ<ó •³ . I will not be helping him hereafter. Plural U^³# á #¶ " will not + be + 'ing' form" L„¬†¶ ³ yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. job My brother wil not be doing this job next year. "Œ~¡° WH› #°Oz J`Çx q+¬†Ç°O *ÕH›¼O KÍ‹¬°HË~¡°. P"³° WH› WH›ø_È stay K͆ǰ^ΰ. J`Ç_°È =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O WH›ø_È KÇ^=Î _È°. <Í#° WH› g°^Î@ J`ÇxH÷ help K͆ǰ#°. books follow We will not be following these books hereafter. "Í ° =ò WH› Jx ‹¬ ‚ ¬ ð †Ç ° O HË~¡ = ò. EXAMPLES 1. 3. I will not be committing this mistake hereafter. 5. . <Í#° WH›g°^Î@ D ‡Ú~¡‡•@° K͆°Ç #°. <Í#° WH› P H›OÌ„h…Õ work K͆ǰ#°. 2. "Í°=ò WH›#°Oz work delay K͆ǰ=ò. P"³ ° WH› #°Oz =°# WO\÷ H ÷ ~Œ^Î ° . : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~°¡ KÍ‹¬¶ëO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. D q^•ÎOQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ J#Qê ~ö „¬ô.

q. They will not be living in this town hereafter. <Í#° WH› P shop …Õ Ug° Hù##°. <Í#° WH› #°Oz \©. <Í#° next month …Õ <Œ holidays waste K͆ǰ#° . 8. 14. "Œ~¡ ° =KÍ ó <³ • U x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ~¡°. <Í # ° WH› J`Ç x `Ë À ‹ ß ‚ ¬ ì O KÍ † Ç ° #°. I will not be making friends with him hereafter. 6. 19. "Œ~¡ ° WH› D town …Õ x=tOKÇ ~ ¡ ° . Sri Karunanidhi will not be participating in politics actively hereafter. 12. =KÍ ó ï ~ O_È ° ‹¬O=`Ç•~Œ•° ‡•H÷ª•ë<`£ Ë =¶¼KŸ P_È^°Î . <Í#° WH›#°Oz J|^Îí=¶_È#°. "Œ~¡° WH›#°Oz P deposit K͆ǰ~¡°. 9. Slow and steady wins the race. "Í°=ò WH› "ŒiH÷ co-operate K͆ǰ=ò. 15. Z 56 . <Í#° WH› J`Çx ‹¬•‚¬ð ‡•\÷OKÇ#°. Sourab Ganguly will not be leading the team in the next test series. <Í#° WH› #°Oz J`Çx`Ë move Hê#°. <Í#° WH›#°Oz D vehicle use K͆ǰ#°. "Í°=ò WH› #°Oz class H÷ late Qê ~Œ=ò. I will not be using this vehicle hereafter. scheme #° The government will not be implementing this scheme hereafter. 2. I will not be moving with him hereafter. 4. 13. 15. ªÏ~¡"£ Q®OQ®¶b next test series …Õ team x lead K͆ǰ_È°. 13. 18. 20. 12.…Õ P programme KǶ_È#°.. 5. 16. I will not be wasting my holidays next month. Indian Cricket Team The Indian Cricket Team will not be playing matches against Pakistan next two years. P"³° WH› #°Oz D medicine f‹¬°HË^ΰ. <Í#° WH› P„¦Ô‹¬°…Õ night duty K͆ǰ#°. : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. J`Ç_°È =KÍ‹ ó O¬ =`Ç•~¡O studies continue K͆ǰ_È°. 3. 17. programmes bank…Õ amount 11. 1. 14. J`Ç_È° WH›#°Oz "ŒiO\÷H÷ "³ˆ×¤_È°. 10. We will not be neglecting the work hereafter. 11. "Œ~¡° WH› P Hê…èr…Õ donations =‹¬¶•° K͆ǰ~¡°. 7. "Í°=ò WH› D q+¬†°Ç O…Õ risk f‹¬°HË=ò. „ ã ƒ¬ •’°`ÇÞ=ò WH› g°^Î@ D J=°•°„¬~¡KÇ^ΰ. "Í°=ò WH› #°Oz work neglect K͆°Ç =ò. N H›~°¡ }ìxk• WH› g°^Î@ ~Œ[H©†¶ Ç …ÕÁ KÇ°~¡°Qê¾ ‡•…ç¾#~¡°. ö~„¬O`Œ D line …Õ trains #_È°==ô.

<Í#° WH›ø_È W`Çx`Ë =¶\ìÁ_È°`Ç°O_Í^¥? 7. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx =°i†Í°W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³#á #° =°#=°ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ KÍ‹°¬ Oë _È° XH› „¬xx „ã t¬ ßOKÇ°@䛽 " Shall / Will + be + Verb + 'ing' form" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 57 J`Ç_È° WH›#°Oz =°#`Ë<Í LO\ì_¨? Will he be staying with us hereafter? P"³° ö~„¬ô D time …Õ `Ç# „¬ô\÷“#~ËA celebrate KÍ ‹ ¬ ° ä› ½ O@¶ LO@°O^¥? Will she be celebrating her birthday at this time tomorrow ? "Œ~¡° D ï~O_È° <³••° final „¬sH›Æ• Hù~¡ä›½ prepare J=ô`Ƕ LO\ì~Œ? Will they be preparing for the final examinations these two months? g°~¡° WH›#°Oz „ ã u ¬ Pk"Œ~¡O ‹ Ì q°<Œ~Ÿ• x~¡Þ‚²ì‹¬°ëO\ì~Œ? Will you be conducting seminars every Sunday hereafter? ‹¬°ëO\ì"Œ? 4.Subject Qê =ô#ß„¬ô_È° 'Shall'.Subject Qê =ô#ß„¬ô_È° 'Will' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. It. continuous Qê KÍ‹¬¶ë=ôO_È° D q^•ÎOQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ ~ö „¬ô. You. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ continuous Qê KÍ‹¬°ë#ß „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò.. She. They . Will you be trying for a job next year? 5. =KÍ"ó Œ~¡O. 3. We . Next series …Õ ä›•_¨ Dravid team x lead KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì_¨? Will Dravid be leading the team in the next series also? . * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ I. Shall I be talking to him here? 2. EXAMPLES 1. He. =òY¼=°Oãu ö~„¬ô ‡•s“ <Œ†Ç°ä›½•`Ë KÇi󋬰ëO\ì~Œ? 9. =KÍ<ó •³ . 6. =°#=ò ‹¬ Þ O`Ç Q ê <Ë\˜ • `Ç † Ç ¶ ~¡ ° KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=¶ ? Shall we be preparing the notes of our own ? h=ô next year job HË‹¬O ㄬ†Ç°uß Will the Cheif-minister be discussing with the party leaders tomorrow? 8. "Œ~¡ ° WH› # °Oz ‡•\÷‹°¬ Oë \ì~Œ? strict Qê rules Will they be following the rules strictly hereafter? 10. P"³° next year university …Õ KÇ^ΰ=ô`Ç°O@°O^¥? =°#=ò WH›#°Oz English =¶\ìÁ_È^¥=¶? J J J J "Œ~¡° WH›#°Oz regular Qê HêÁ‹°¬ •ä›½ ‚¬ð[~¡=ô`Ç°O\ì~Œ? <Í#° ~ö „¬ô D text book refer KÍ‹°¬ Oë _Í^¥? „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~°¡ „¬#°•#° ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq.

Do good. ö ~ „¬ ô JH› ø _È „¬ x x Z=~¡ ° KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì~¡°? : 94406 16425 be supervise Who will be supervising the work there tomorrow? 19. h=ô WH›#°Oz ㄬu<³…ì money save KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì"Œ? 8. D Ì ‹ •=ô•…Õ KÍ‹¬°ëO^¥=ò? =°#=ò Uq° What shall we be doing these holidays? 12. =°#=ò =KÍó<³• U J=ô`Ç°O^¥=ò? subject prepare Which subject shall we be preparing next month? 14.V. "Œ~¡ ° WH› # °Oz D vehicle use KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì~Œ? 7. <Í#° ö~„¬ô hHË‹¬O ZH›ø_È wait KÍ‹¬°ëO_Ík? Where shall I be waiting for you tomorrow? 13. =°#=ò WH›#°Oz morning class •ä›½ attend J=ô^¥=¶? 3. h=ô WH› # °Oz D medicine f‹¬°ä›½O\ì"Œ? 4. x#°ß D course …Õ Z=~¡ ° guide KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì~¡°? 15.. h䛽 JH›ø_È Z=~¡° ‹¬‚𬠆ǰO KÍ‹°¬ Oë \ì~¡°? Who will be helping you there ? Be good. =KÍó "Í‹¬q Ì‹•=ô•…Õ g°~¡° Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽O\ì~¡°? 20. WH› # °Oz g° "Œ¼‡•~¡ O Z=~¡ ° KǶ‹¬°ëO\ì~¡°? Who will be looking after your business hereafter ? 15. <Í#° ª•†Ç°Oã`OÇ =~¡ä½› D letters type KÍ‹¬°ëO_Í^¥ ? 2. g°~¡ ° =KÍ ó ‹¬ O =`Ç • ~¡ O ZH› ø _È KÇ^ΰ=ô`Ç°O\ì~¡°? 14. WO@~Ÿ q^¥¼~¡°Ö•° =KÍó "Œ~¡O practicals KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì~Œ? 11. g°~¡° =KÍó <³• „¬aHÁ ± „¬sH›•Æ ° " ã Œ‹¬°Oë \ì~Œ? 5. <Í#° WH›#°Oz regular Q®ê WH›ø_È䛽 =‹¬°ëO_Í^¥? 13.Phil KÍ‹¬°ëO@°O^¥? 9. Z 58 . "Œ~¡° WH›#°Oz business …Õ accounts maintain KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì~Œ? 10. EXERCISE 'Wh' QUESTIONS 11. "Œ~¡° =KÍó<³• ZH›ø_È „¬xKÍ‹¬°ëO\ì~¡°? Where will they be working next month? 16. h=ô WH› # °Oz ZO`Ç KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì=ô? salary draw Howmuch salary will you be drawing herfeafter? 17. "Œ~¡ ° JH› ø _È Zxß ~ËA•° tH› Æ } ‡ÚO^ΰ`Ç°O\ì~¡°? Howmany days will they undergoing training there? 18. 1. Ju^•Î°•ä›½ =°#=ò U~Œæ@°Á ZH›ø_È KÍ‹¬°ëO^¥=ò? 12. g°~¡° D Ì‹•=ô•° Z…ì Q®_È°„¬ô`Ç°O\ì~¡°? How will you be spending these holidays? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. P"³ ° next year S. J`Ç _ È ° WH› # °Oz sincere Qê „¬xKÍ‹¬°ëO\ì_¨? 6. †Çüx=i•\©…Õ M.

"Œ~¡° WH› P ‹¬O‹¬Ö#° x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ~Œ ? Won't you be living in this town hereafter ? 4. =°#=ò WH›g°^Î@ "ŒiH÷ =^¥í? help KÍ‹¬¶ëO_È Shalln't we be helping them hereafter? 59 . We –> Subject EXAMPLES 1. <Í # ° ö ~ „¬ ô h HË‹¬ O JH› ø _È KÍ‹¬¶ëO_È=^¥í? college …Õ Won't he be working in that college next year ? 5. They –> Subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'Won't be' =KÇ°ó#°. =KÍ"ó Œ~¡O. She. h=ô WH› g°^Î@ J`Çx`Ë move J="Œ ? Won't he be coming here hereafter? year wait 7. g°~¡° WH› D town …Õ x=tOKÇ~Œ ? 3. =KÍó <³•. It. J`Ç _ È ° next „¬xK͆ǰ_¨? 6. * Note : Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'Shalln't be' =KÇ°ó#°. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ XH›~°¡ KÍ‹¬¶ëO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. J`Ç_È° WH› WH›ø_È䛽 ~Œ_¨ ? P Shalln't I be waiting for you there tomorrow? Won't they be organizing this firm hereafter ? 8. P"³° WH› WH›ø_È LO_È^¥ ? Won't she be staying here hereafter ? Won't you be moving with him hereafter? 9. P†Ç°# WH› politics …Õ ‡•…ç¾#_¨ ? Won't he be participating in politics hereafter ? 10.. D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ ~ö „¬ô. He. I. h=ô WH›#°Oz night meal f‹¬°HË"Œ ? J`Ç_È° WH› #°Oz =°#`Ë move J=_¨ ? J J J J continuous Qê g°~¡° WH› #°Oz P WO\ÕÁ x=‹²‹¬¶ëO_È~Œ ? P"³° WH›#°Oz college …Õ KÇ^Î=_¨ ? „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ KÍ‹¶ ¬ Oë _Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz „ ã t ¬ ßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. You. h=ô next year KÇ^ΰ=ô`ǶO_È"Œ ? D college …Õ Won't you be studying in this college next year ? 2. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^³#á #° XH›~°¡ continuous Qê KÍ‹¬¶ëO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Shalln't/Won't + be + Verb + "ing" form L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.

60 . "Œ~¡° WH› #°Oz taxes =‹¬¶•° K͆ǰ~Œ? 6. Why won't you be following his advice hereafter ? P†Ç°# WH›g°^Î@ elections …Õ ZO^ΰ䛽 ‡é\© KÍ‹¬¶ëO_È~¡° ? 16. h=ô WH› #°Oz g° brother H÷ money „¬O„¬ô`ǶO_È"Œ ? 2. g°~¡° WH›g°^Î@ "ŒiH÷ material supply KÍ‹¬¶ëO_È~Œ ? 3. Why won't she be continueing her studies next year ? 12. the luckier you get. J`Ç_°È next year =°#`Ë stay KÍ‹¶ ¬ Oë _È_¨? 4. Why won't you be attending the classes next month ? "Œ~¡° WH›g°^Î@ P business ZO^ΰ䛽 18. J`Ç_°È WH› #°Oz WH›ø_Èä½› ZO^ΰ䛽~Œ_È°? 12. Ganguly WH› One-day matches P_È°`ǶO_È_¨ ? 8. Why won't they be recruiting the new jobs hereafter ? g°~¡ ° WH› # °Oz D crop ZO^Î ° ä› ½ „¬O_•‹¬¶Oë _È~°¡ ? 1. P"³° next year studies ZO^ΰ䛽 continue K͆ǰ^ΰ? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. "Œ~¡° WH›g°^Î@ Hù`Çë L^˼Qê•° ZO^ΰ䛽 recruit KÍ‹¬¶ëO_È~¡° ? 20. P"³° WH›#°Oz medicines f‹¬°HË^¥ ? 5. "Œ~¡° WH› #°Oz programmes ZO^ΰ䛽 x~¡Þ‚²ì‹¬¶ëO_È~¡° ? Why won't they be growing this crop hereafter ? Z The harder you work. "Œ~¡ ° WH› =°# q+¬ † Ç ° O…Õ *ÕH› ¼ O KÍ‹¬°HË~Œ? 10. g°~¡° WH›#°Oz J`Çx ‹¬•‚¬ð ZO^ΰ䛽 ‡•\÷OKÇ~°¡ ? 14. P"³° WH› #°Oz =°# WO\ÕÁ ZO^ΰ䛽 LO_È^ΰ ? 11. g°~¡° WH›#°Oz P shop …Õ =‹¬°ë=ô•° ZO^ΰ䛽 Hù#~¡° ? 15. Why won't he be contesting in the elections hereafter ? "Œ~¡° =°#H÷ WH› ZO^ΰ䛽 help K͆ǰ~¡° ? Why won't they be helping us hereafter? =KÍó<³• g°~¡° HêÁ‹¬°•ä›½ ZO^ΰ䛽 attend 17. J=ô`ǶO_È~¡° ? KÍ‹¬¶ëO_È~¡° ? KÍ‹¬¶ëO_È_È°? Why won't he be doing that job hereafter ? 19. "Œ~¡ ° WH› #°Oz =°#`Ë ZO^Î ° ä› ½ „¬xK͆ǰ~¡° ? 13. Why won't they be doing that business hereafter ? J`Ç _ È ° WH› g °^Î @ P job ZO^Î ° ä› ½ 15.. : 94406 16425 'Wh' QUESTIONS EXERCISE 11. h=ô next week duty H÷ ZO^ΰ䛽 attend J==ô ? 14. P"³° WH› `Çq°ˆ× ‹²x=¶•…Õ #\÷OKÇ^¥ ? 9. g°~¡° WH› D old vehicle use KÍ‹¶ ¬ Oë _È~Œ? 7. J`Ç_È° h䛽 JH›ø_È ZO^ΰ䛽 ‹¬‚¬ìH›i ‹¬¶ëO_È_È° ? Why won't he be co-operating with you there ? 13.

3. Ex : 1. I will be helping you hereafter. We will be writing examinations next month. Positive Form 2. Negative Question Form J#° 4 parts <Í~°¡ óä½› <Œß=ò. NEGATIVE FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ continuous Qê KÍ‹¬¶ëO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "will +not + be+ Verb + 'ing' form" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. D 4 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹°¬ 䛽O^¥=ò. Ex : 1. 3. Won't you be working here next year ? 3. 2. Will they be living in Hyderabad hereafter ? 4. 1. Shall I be refering to this book ? 2. NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ continuous Qê KÍ‹¬¶ëO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Shalln't / Won't + be + Verb + 'ing' form" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Question Form 4. 3. He will be doing job next year . 2. Won't they be supplying us the material hereafter ? 61 . Ex : 1. I willnot be wasting my time hereafter. Shalln't we be using this vehicle hereafter ? 2. They will not be doing this business hereafter.. QUESTION FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ continuous Qê KÍ‹¬¶ëO_ȃÕ=ô XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Shall / Will + be + Verb+'ing' form' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. nx…Õ 1. We will not be coming here hereafter. Negative Form 3. POSITIVE FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ Continuous Qê KÍ‹¬¶ë=ôO_È° XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 ''will + be + Verb + 'ing' form L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 2. nxx grammar …Õ Future Continuous Tense JO\ì~¡°. Ex : 1. : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ ''Will + be + verb + 'ing' form" Q®°iOz <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. Shall we be making arrangements tomorrow ? 3.

arrest arrested arrested 120. arrange arranged arranged 119. I Form II Form III Form 101. arrive arrived arrived D ~ËA Meaning qƒ•’lOz WKÇ°ó J#°=°uOKÇ° =¶~¡°æ kãQÄ•® =° H›eyOKÇ° ‹¬O`Ë+¬Ì„@°“ „Ô_•OKÇ° =òO^ΰQê T‚²ìOKÇ° H›Æ=¶„¬} J_È°Q®°@ =°#q KÍ‹¬°Hù#° H›#|_È° "³°KÇ°óHù#°@ W=°àx J_È°Q®°@ x†Ç°q°OKÇ°@ "³°KÇ°óHù#°@ ‹¬g°„²OKÇ°@ J#°=°OuOKÇ°@ "ŒkOKÇ°@ ãH›=°„¬~¡KÇ°@ Mÿá^ΰK͆Çò@ =KÇ°ó@ …Õx Positive Form. allot alloted alloted 102. apply applied applied 113. amaze amazed amazed 105. appland applanded applanded 112. alter altered altered 104. . Spoken English lesson Z 62 Think like a man of action. appreciate appreciated appreciated 115. Question Form. Negative Question Form ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 4 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. appear appeared appeared 111.. Negative Form. "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O. annoy annoyed annoyed 107. allow allowed allowed 103. amuse amused amused 106. approve approved approved 117. argue argued argued 118. act like a man of thought. approach approached approached 116. appeal appealed appealed 110. : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs. appoint appointed appointed 114. anticipate anticipated anticipated 108. apologize apologized apologized 109.

3. just W„¬C_Í office #°Oz My brother has come from office just now. I have already submitted my application form. 6. "Í°=ò D "Œ~¡ë just W„¬C_Í q<Œß=ò. Subject . We have already taken a decision in this matter. The Pinakini Express has arrived just now. =¶ brother =KŒó_È°. "Í ° =ò already D q+¬ † Ç ° O…Õ XH› x~¡â†Ç°O f‹¬°ä›½<Œß=ò. 9. "Œ~¡° W„¬æ\÷=~¡ä›½ D "Œ~¡O 20 files clear KÍ‹²<Œ~¡°.He. J J Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° just W„¬C_Í Hêx. She. 4. We. It J~ò#„¬C_È° 'has' =KÇ°ó#°. 10. P"³° just W„¬C_Í xã^Î …èzOk. W„¬æ\÷ =~¡ä›½ (sofar) Zxß ª•~¡°Á KÍ‹# ² n ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. letter receive KÍ‹¬° I have received this letter justnow. J J "Í°=ò already exam fee pay K͉§=ò. J~ò#„¬C_È° 'have' =KÇ°ó#°. (ii) XH› Yzó`Ç"³°Ø# ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#° ‹¬¶zO„¬H› already WO`Ç䛽=òO^³„¬C_Ë „¬îië KÍ‹²# „¬xx ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 =°i†Çò (iii) =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò =~¡ä›½ (sofar) XH› „¬xx Zxߪ•~¡°Á KÍ‹#² k ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Have / Has + III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 8. message I have sent him the message justnow. : 94406 16425 PRESENT PERFECT =°#=ò Hùxß „¬#°•° W„¬C_Í (just) KÍ‹²†ÇòO^ΰ=ò. . <Í#° just W„¬C_Í J`Çxx H›e‰§#°. You. XHùøH›ø ª•i W`Ç~¡°•`Ë =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß„¬C_È° XH›~¡° XH› „¬xx WO`Ç =~¡ä›½. 5. <Í # ° just W„¬ C _Í J`Ç x H÷ „¬O‡•#°.. Hùxß „¬#°•° WO`Ç䛽 =òO^Í =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#䛽 (already) KÍ‹²†ÇòO^ΰ=ò. Pinakini Express just W„¬C_Í =zó#k. "Í°=ò just W„¬C_Í J`ÇxH÷ K͉§=ò. ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. We have taken lunch justnow. already WO`Ç䛽 =òO^³„¬C_Ë Hêx „¬îiëKÍ‹²# „¬#°•#° D q^•Î=òQê (i) just W„¬C_Í „¬îië KÍ‹²# „¬xx ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽. She has just woken up. They. "Í°=ò just W„¬C_Í lunch f‹¬°ä›½<Œß=ò. <Í#° already <Œ application form submit K͉§#°. EXAMPLES 1. 63 money pay We have paid him money justnow.I. 2. 7. =¶ father just W„¬C_Í |†Ç°@䛽 "³ˆì¤~¡°. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ Subject . <Í#° just W„¬C_Í D 䛽<Œß#°. My father has gone out justnow.

programme ‡ã •~¡O 6. 14. 16. My sister has already applied for the VISA. J`Ç _ È ° WO`Ç = ~¡ ä › ½ studies HË‹¬ O ~¡¶. 3. certificates receive 10. Z 64 . 7. 15. 20. "Í°=ò already "ŒiH÷ D q+¬†°Ç O inform K͉§=ò. <Í#° W„¬æ\=÷ ~¡ä½› _•bÁ 4 ª•~¡°Á visit K͉§#°. They have already made the arrangements for the meeting.000 Y~¡°ó KÍ‹²<Œ_È°. father ä› ½ EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. <Í#° just W„¬C_Í lunch f‹¬°ä›½<Œß#°. Yandamuri has written more than 60 novels so far. =¶ lecturers K͉§~¡°. †Ç°O_È=üi W„¬æ\= ÷ ~¡ä½› 60 „ Ì Qá ê #=••° ã"Œ‹²<Œ~¡°. =¶ brother already computer course „¬îië K͉§_È°. 50. "Œ~¡° already tickets book K͉§~¡°. My brother has already completed the computer course. ‹¬ z <£ >ÿ O _È ¶ •ø~Ÿ W„¬ æ \ ÷ = ~¡ ä › ½ 364 oneday matches P_•<Œ_È°.000 =‹¬¶•° KÍ‹²<Œ=ò. Sachin Tendulkar has played 364 oneday matches so far. =¶ | ã ^Î~Ÿ just W„¬C_Í <Œä›½ phone K͉§_È°. 12. 17. : 94406 16425 letter I have already written a letter to my father. 11. 13. 9. 1.. I have already seen that movie. <Í # ° already =¶ ã"Œ‹²<Œ#°. =¶ English lecturer W„¬ æ \÷ = ~¡ ä › ½ 4 poems teach KÍ‹²<Œ~¡°. <Í#° already text books Jhß Hù<Œß#°. Principal #° consult We have already consulted the Principal. I have visited Delhi four times sofar. 11. "Í°=ò W„¬æ\÷=~¡ä›½ ~¡¶. 12. 2. 19. 13.g° ㄬ†Ç¶}O KÍ‹²<Œ=ò. P"³° just W„¬C_Í D item `dž¶ Ç ~¡° KÍ‹O² k. =°#=ò W„¬æ\÷=~¡ä›½ 200 H÷. "Í°=ò already J~ò<Œ=ò. "Œ~¡° already meeting 䛽 U~Œæ@°Á KÍ‹² †Çò<Œß~¡°. 4. <Í # ° W„¬ æ \÷ = ~¡ ä › ½ D course …Õ 15 classes H÷ attend J~ò<Œ#°. 10. 15. P"³ ° already KÍ‹¬°ä›½#ßk. Make hay while the sun shines. 14. <Í#° already P movie KǶ‰§#°. 8. "Œ~¡ ° just W„¬ C _Í a•Oz<Œ~¡°. J`Ç_È° already bill pay K͉§_È°. already syllabus „¬îië Our lecturers have already completed the syllabus. 5. 18. =¶ sister already visa 䛽 apply KÍ‹# ² k. "Í°=ò just W„¬C_Í D "Œ~¡ë q<Œß=ò.

"Œ~¡° WOHê P W•°Á MìmK͆ǰ…è^ΰ. P"³° WOHê Hê…èr…Õ KÍ~¡…è^ΰ. 5. fee pay K͆ǰ…è^ΰ. We. newspaper I have not yet read the newspaper today. 8. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ I. "Í ° =ò WOHê "Œi`Ë D q+¬ † Ç ° O KÇióOKÇ…è^ΰ. 65 Pinakini Express WOHê ~Œ…è^ΰ. We have not yet discussed this matter with them. 4. bank …Õ loan clear You have not yet cleared the loan in that bank. My brother has not yet completed his degree. She. The Pinakini Express has not yet arrived. D q^•Î=òQê „ã ‹¬ °¬ `ë =Ç ò =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#䛽 WOH›#¶ „¬îië K͆°Ç x XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Have / Has + not + (yet) 'III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. <Í#° WOHê exam. <Í # ° D~ËA WOHê KÇ^Î=…è^ΰ. WO`Ç =~¡ä½› K͆°Ç x „¬#°•#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. They have not yet started there. money My father has not yet sent me money this month. „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò =~¡ä½› WOHê. "Œ~¡° WOHê JH›ø_È |†Ç°•°^Í~¡…è^ΰ. 2. "Í°=ò D <³• WOHê K͆ǰ…è^ΰ. You. 10. .Subject Qê He. 6. 7. They . house rent pay We have not yet paid the house rent this month. J J J J "Í°=ò WOHê x~¡â†Ç°O f‹¬°HË…è^ΰ. g°~¡ ° WOHê P K͆ǰ…è^ΰ. =¶ brother WOHê degree „¬îiëK† Í °Ç …è^°Î . It. EXAMPLES 1. P"³° WOHê =°=òà•#° party H÷ P‚¬ðÞxOKÇ …è^ΰ. <Í#° J`Çx letterH÷ reply WOHê W=Þ…è^ΰ. I have not yet given reply to his letter. - =ô#ß„¬ô_È° 'have' Subject Qê =ô#ß„¬ô_È° 'has' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 9. 3. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#䛽 WOHê „¬îië K͆°Ç x Hùxß „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz W`Ç~¡°•ä›½ ‹¬¶zOKÇ° KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. =¶ father <Œä›½ D <³• WOHê „¬O„¬…è^ΰ. She has not yet invited us to the party..

"Œ~¡° WOHê programme ‡ã •~¡Oa•OKÇ…^è °Î . 13. They have not yet commenced the programme. function H÷ U~Œæ@°Á We have not yet made arrangements for the function. <Í#° WOHê text books Hù#…è^ΰ.M. 17. "Í ° =ò WOHê K͆ǰ…è^ΰ. 4.. 13. P"³° WO`Ç=~¡ä›½ XH› meeting H÷ 䛕_¨ ‚¬ð[~¡°Hê…è^ΰ. 8. I have not seen such a person sofar. J`Ç_È° WO`Ç =~¡ä›½ XH› interview 䛕_¨ attend Hê…è^ΰ. 2. 9. <Í#° WOHê „¬sH›Æ•ä›½ English subject prepare Hê…è^ΰ. 1. "Œ~¡° WO`Ç=~¡ä›½ XH› instalment 䛕_¨ pay K͆ǰ…è^ΰ. Prevention is better than cure. "Í°=ò WO`Ç=~¡ä›½ J`Çxx H›•=…è^ΰ. 12. 12. "Í°=ò WO`Ç=~¡ä½› D HË~¡°• …Õ XH› HêÁ‹°¬ 䛕_¨ miss Hê…è^ΰ. <Í # ° WOHê JO^ΰHË…è^ΰ. "Í°=ò WOHê journey H÷ tickets book K͆ǰ…è^ΰ. 7. 15. 18. the 15. †Çüx=i•\© WOHê _•ãw „¦e¬ `Œ•° „ã H¬ \ › O÷ KÇ …è^ΰ. Government WOHê ordinance pass K͆ǰ…è^ΰ. J`Ç_È° WO`Ç=~¡ä›½ XH› „¬sH›Æ 䛕_¨ pass Hê…è^ΰ. "Í ° =ò WO`Ç = ~¡ ä › ½ J`Ç x ‹¬ ‚ ¬ ð †Ç ° O HË~¡…è^ΰ. I have not visited Delhi sofar. : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. <Í # ° WO`Ç =~¡ ä › ½ W@°=O\÷ =¼H÷ ë x KǶ_È…è^ΰ. 11. 6. <Í#° WO`Ç=~¡ä›½ =°# C. 10. They have not conducted any programme sofar. He has not attended an interview sofar. application form submit She has not yet submitted her application form. We have not met him sofar. Z 66 . <Í#° WO`Ç =~¡ä›½ Delhi visit K͆ǰ…è^ΰ. We have not missed a class in this course sofar. P"³° WOHê „¬îiëQê HË•°HË…è^ΰ. "Œ~¡° WOHê D ~ËA shop `³~¡°=…è^ΰ. 14. 19. 5. 3. =¶ father WOHê office #°O_• uiy ~Œ…è^ΰ. P"³° WOHê K͆ǰ…è^ΰ. 14. "Œ~¡° WO`Ç =~¡ä›½ XH› programme 䛕_¨ x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ…è^ΰ. 11. "Í°=ò WOHê function H÷ ready J=…è^ΰ. Speech q#…è^ΰ. 16. 20. appointment orders I have not yet received the appointment orders. "Œ~¡ ° WOHê bank #°Oz money withdraw K͆ǰ…è^ΰ.

WO`Çä½› =òO^³„C¬ _Ë. already WO`Ç䛽=òO^³„¬C_ËQêx. g°~¡° already D q+¬†°Ç O KÇióOz<Œ~Œ? Have you received this letter just now? Have you already discussed this matter? h=ô just W„¬ C _Í D KÍ‹¬°ä›½<Œß"Œ? 2. It. EXAMPLES 1. letter receive 6. g° brother †Çò<Œß_¨? already P. (already) WO`Ç䛽=òO^³„¬C_Ë Qêx. They . Z„¬C_³< á Œ. J J h=ô just W„¬C_Í •OKŸ f‹¬°ä›½<Œß"Œ? g°~¡° already bill pay KÍ‹²<Œ~Œ? J J J`Ç_È° Z„¬C_³á<Œ h䛽 ‹¬‚¬ð†Ç°O KÍ‹²<Œ_¨? h=ô W„¬æ\÷=~¡ä›½ Zxß HêÁ‹¬°•ä›½ ‚¬ð[~¡° J~ò<Œ=ô ? „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#䛽 W„¬C_Í. ? 67 7.Subject Qê =ô#ß„¬ô_È° 'Has' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.Subject Qê =ô#ß„¬ô_È° 'Have' He. We. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ I. ever Z„¬C_³á<Œ Qêx sofar WO`Ç=~¡ä›½. g° father just W„¬C_Í P„¦Ô‹¬°ä›½ "³o¤<Œ~Œ? Has your father just gone to office? 4. 'already'. (ever) Z„¬C_³á<Œ Qêh …èH› XH›„¬xx (sofar) W„¬æ\= ÷ ~¡ä½› Zxߪ•~¡°Á KÍ‹# ² k„ ã t ¬ ßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò.G. She. g°~¡° Z„¬C_³á<Œ `Çq°ˆ˜<Œ_È° ZH±•ãÌ„‹¹…Õ ã„¬†Ç¶}OKÍ‹²<Œ~Œ? Have you ever travelled by the Tamilnadu Express? 9. h=ô Z„¬ C _³ á < Œ Pã Q ê visit KÍ ‹ ² < Œ"Œ? Have you ever visited Agra? 8. XH›~¡° KÍ‹²# „¬#°•#° ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. g°~¡ ° just W„¬ C _Í D „¬ x x „¬ î ië KÍ‹²<Œ~Œ? Have you finished this work just now? 3. W„¬æ\÷=~¡ä›½ XH›~¡° „¬îië KÍ‹²# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 ('just now'. 'ever'. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò XH›~°¡ (just) W„¬C_Í Qêx.G. 'sofar') " Have / Has + 'III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.. „¬ î ië K Í ‹ ² Has your brother already completed his P. You. P"³° Z„¬C_³á<Œ q°=òà•#° "ŒiO\÷H÷ P‚¬ðÞxOz#^¥? Has she ever invited you to her house? 10. . D q^•ÎOQê =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#䛽 just W„¬ C _Í Qêx. h=ô already exam fee pay KÍ‹²<Œ"Œ? Have you already paid the exam fee? 5. "Œ~¡° Z„¬C_³< á Œ D ‡é\©•…Õ ‡•…ç¾x<Œ~Œ? Have they ever participated in these competitions? .

. Howmuch money have you spent this month sofar ? g° maths lecturer W„¬ æ \ ÷ = ~¡ ä › ½ Zxß chapters complete KÍ‹²<Œ~¡°? Howmany chapters has your Maths lecturer completed sofar ? q. •H›Æà}Ÿ W„¬æ\÷=~¡ä›½ one day matches …Õ Zxß Ì‹OKÇs•° KÍ‹²<Œ_È° ? Howmany centuries has VVS Laxman made in one-day matches sofar ? 16. job ‡ÚOk †Çò<Œß_¨? 4.†Ç°‹¹. P"³ ° W„¬ æ \÷ = ~¡ ä › ½ Zxß letters type KÍ‹²#k? 15. 12. =°#=ò W„¬æ\÷=~¡ä›½ Zxß H÷…Õg°@~¡°Á ㄬ†Ç¶}O KÍ‹²<Œ=ò? 14. h=ô already D news qx†Çò<Œß"Œ? 10. J`Ç_È° W„¬æ\÷=~¡ä›½ studies 䛽 ZO`Ç Y~¡°óKÍ‹²<Œ_È°? 13. "Œ~¡° WO`Ç=~¡ä›½ Zxß Hê~¡°Û•° „¬O„²}© KÍ‹²<Œ~¡°? Howmany times have you attended the interview sofar? g°~¡° W„¬æ\÷=~¡ä›½ Zxß instalments pay KÍ‹²<Œ~¡°? Howmany intalments have you paid sofar ? 13. N †Ç°O_È=üi W„¬æ\÷=~¡ä›½ Zxß #=••° ã"Œ‹²<Œ_È° ? 18. Howmany times have you visited Delhi sofar ? "Œ~¡° W„¬æ\÷=~¡ä›½ Zxß |°H±• publish 17. 1. "Œ~¡° programme just W„¬C_Í commence KÍ‹²<Œ~Œ? 9. Howmany novels has Yandamuri written sofar? "Œ~¡° W„¬æ\÷=~¡ä›½ ƒì¼OH±…Õ ZO`Ç amount deposit KÍ‹²<Œ~¡° ? Howmuch amount have they diposited in the bank sofar ? h=ô W„¬æ\÷ =~¡ä›½ Delhi Zxߪ•~¡°Á visit 19. g° brother already training „¬îiëKÍ‹² †Çò<Œß_¨? 11. „²<ŒH÷h ZH±•„Ì ã ‹¹ just W„¬C_Í "³o¤‡é~ò#^¥? 8. : 94406 16425 'Wh' QUESTIONS EXERCISE 11. g°~¡° just W„¬C_Í WH›ø_È䛽 =zó<Œ~Œ ? 3. "Œ~¡ ° Z„¬ C _³ á < Œ D problem face KÍ‹²<Œ~Œ? 6. J`Ç _ È ° already Govt.q. P"³° already English Grammar <Í~¡°óHùx †Çò#ß^¥? 5. D <³•…Õ W„¬æ\÷=~¡ä›½ h=ô ZO`Ç _È|°Ä Y~¡°ó KÍ‹²<Œ=ô? 14. h=ô W„¬æ\÷=~¡ä›½ D movie Zxߪ•~¡°Á KǶ‰§=ô? 12. 15. KÍ‹²<Œ=ô ? KÍ‹²<Œ~¡° ? Howmany books have they published sofar ? 20. 68 . h=ô Hê…èl #°O_• just W„¬C_Í =zó<Œ"Œ? 2. h=ô W„¬æ\= ÷ ~¡ä½› Zxß ª•~¡°Á interview H÷ attend J~ò<Œ=ô? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. h=ô Z„¬C_³á<Œ D item taste KÍ‹²<Œ"Œ? 7. W„¬æ\= ÷ ~¡ä½› P†Ç°# Zxߪ•~¡°Á ZxßH•› …Õ ‡é\©K͉§~¡° ? Howmany times has he contested in the elections sofar ? Z A friend in need is a friend indeed.

He. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#䛽 WOHê K͆°Ç x XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. h=ô WO`Ç=~¡ä›½ XH›ø face K͆ǰ…è^¥ ? 6. 69 Train WOHê ~Œ…è^¥ ? Hasn't the train yet arrived ? Haven't they yet taken a decision in this matter ? 7.. P"³° WOHê college …Õ join J=…è^¥ ? Hasn't she yet joined college ? . J`Ç_È° WOHê xã^Î…è=…è^¥ ? interview 䛕_¨ Haven't you faced even one interview sofar ? 5. "Œ~¡° WOHê D q+¬†Ç°=ò…Õ decision f‹¬°HË…è^¥? Hasn't he yet got a job ? 9. g°~¡° WO`Ç=~¡ä›½ Delhi visit K͆ǰ…è^¥? Haven't you yet visited Delhi sofar? 8. h=ô WOHê fee pay K͆ǰ…è^¥ ? g° brother WOHê duty …Õ KÍ~¡…è^¥ ? J J J J g°~¡° WOHê orders JO^ΰHË…è^¥ ? P"³° WOHê office #°Oz ~Œ…è^¥ ? Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#䛽 WOH›#° K͆ǰx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. h=ô WOHê lunch f‹¬°HË…è^¥ ? Haven't you yet taken lunch ? 2. EXAMPLES 1. You. They J~ò#„¬C_È° 'Haven't ' =KÇ°ó#°. We. D q^•Î=òQê =°#=òQêx. J`Ç_È° WOHê job ‡ÚO^Î…è^¥ ? Hasn't he yet woke up ? 4. g°~¡° WOHê D <³• rent pay K͆ǰ…è^¥? Haven't you yet paid house rent this month ? 3. P"³° WOHê degree „¬îië K͆ǰ…è^¥ ? Hasn't she yet completed her degree ? 10. "Í~ùH›~°¡ Qêx =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#䛽 WOHê( yet ) K͆°Ç x XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Haven't / Hasn't + III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. It J~ò#„¬C_È° 'Hasn't' =KÇ°ó#°. She. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ Subject 'I' .

g°~¡ ° WOHê Jxß J=…è^¥? sujects prepare 3. g°~¡° WOHê P K͆ǰ…è^ΰ ? work ZO^ΰ䛽 finish 13. h=ô WOHê duty …Õ ZO^ΰ䛽 KÍ~¡…è^ΰ ? Why haven't you yet cleared that loan ? 18. g° father D <³• h䛽 WOHê „¬O„¬…è^¥ ? money 10. g°~¡ ° P loan WOHê ZO^Î ° ä› ½ clear K͆ǰ…è^ΰ ? : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. J`Ç_È° WOHê D ~ËA office H÷ ZO^ΰ䛽 "³ˆ×¤…è^ΰ ? Why hasn't he yet gone to office today ? 20. "Œ~¡° WOHê WH›ø_•H÷ ZO^ΰ䛽 ~Œ…è^°Î ? Why haven't they yet come here ? 19. g°~¡° WOHê Hê…è^¥ ? new house 8. Train WOHê ZO^ΰ䛽 |†Ç°•°^Í~¡…è^ΰ ? Why hasn't the train yet departed ? 16. h=ô WOHê D <³ • K͆ǰ…è^¥ ? …ÕxH÷ shift report submit 9. J`Ç_È° WOHê office #°Oz uiy ~Œ…è^¥? 4. P"³° WOHê "Œix party H÷ ZO^ΰ䛽 invite K͆ǰ…è^ΰ ? Why hasn't she yet invited them to the party? 15. =~¡ÂO WOHê PQ®…è^¥ ? 7. J`Ç_°È WOHê D <³• salary ZO^ΰ䛽 draw K͆ǰ…è^ΰ ? Why hasn't he yet drawn his salary this month ? 14. 'Wh' QUESTIONS 11. P"³° WOHê items `džǶ~¡° K͆ǰ…è^¥ ? 5. "Œ~¡° WOHê P book ZO^ΰ䛽 publish K͆ǰ…è^ΰ ? Z Don't try to master too many things. 1. J`Ç_È° WOHê ZO^ΰ䛽 licence 䛽 apply K͆ǰ…è^ΰ ? 14. h=ô WOHê exam fee pay K͆ǰ…è^¥ ? 2. P"³° WOHê ZO^ΰ䛽 ready J=…è^ΰ ? 15. J`Ç_È° WOHê orders JO^ΰHù#…è^¥ ? 11. h=ô WOHê books ZO^ΰ䛽 Hù#…è^ΰ ? Why haven't you yet bought books? 12. "Œ~¡° WOHê P house ZO^ΰ䛽 vacate K͆ǰ…è^ΰ? Why haven't they yet vacated that house ? 17. g°~¡° WOHê D q+¬†°Ç O ZO^ΰ䛽 discuss K͆ǰ…è^ΰ ? Why haven't you yet discussed this matter ? 13.. "Œ~¡° WOHê shop open K͆ǰ…è^¥ ? 6. P"³° WOHê D <³• doctor x ZO^ΰ䛽 consult Hê…è^ΰ ? Why hasn't she yet consulted the doctor this month ? 12. 70 .

Haven't they yet paid the bill ? . Negative Form 3. 4. Positive Form 2. 1. She has already completed the course. : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ 'Have' or 'Has' + III form of the Verb Q®°iOz <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. already WO`Ç ä › ½ =òO^³„¬C_ËHêx …èH› sofar WO`Ç=~¡ä½› XH› „¬xx Zxß ª•~¡°Á KÍ‹# ² n ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "have' or 'has' + III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Hasn't he yet got a job ? 3. Ex : 1. Haven't you yet seen the new movie ? 2. ever Z„¬C_³< á ŒHêh. POSITIVE FORM : =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ _ È ° KÇ ° #ß ‹¬ = °†Ç ° =ò#ä› ½ just W„¬ C _Í Hêh. D 4 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹°¬ 䛽O^¥=ò.I have bought this purse justnow. Negative Question Form J#° 4 parts <Í~°¡ óä½› <Œß=ò. sofar WO`Ç=~¡ä½› XH› „¬xx Zxߪ•~¡°. nx…Õ 1. already WO`Ç ä › ½ =òO^³„C¬ _ËHêh. 1. Has he ever helped you? 4. We have not yet taken lunch. Ex : 3. NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM : =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#䛽 WOHê (yet) „¬îiëK͆ǰx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Haven't / Hasn't + III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 3. 4. He has written two books sofar.2. 2. She hasnot yet recovered. nxx grammar …Õ Present Perfect Tense JO\ì~¡°. We have already paid the bill. Have you ever visited this place? 3. They havenot yet taken a decision. I have not yet met him. 2. NEGATIVE FORM : =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#䛽 WOHê (yet) „¬îië K͆ǰx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "havenot / hasnot + III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°..Á ZO`Ç=~¡ä½› KÍ‹²#n Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Have / Has + III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Ex : 1.Have you appeared for the test two times sofar? 4. 3. Question Form 4. Hasn't she yet gone to college ? 71 4. Have you finished this work just now? 2. QUESTION FORM : =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ _ È ° KÇ ° #ß ‹¬ = °†Ç ° =ò#ä› ½ just W„¬ C _Í H êh. Ex : 1.

bamish bamished bamished 140. attest attested attested 135. assist assisted assisted 125. I Form II Form III Form 121. attract attracted attracted 136. attempt attempted attempted 133. bake baked baked 139. ^¥_•K͆ò Ç @ ‡ÚO^ΰ@ ㄬ†Ç°ußOKÇ°@ ‚¬ð[~¡Q®°@ ª•H›¼Æ =òK³„C¬ @ PH›iÂOKÇ°@ x~Ëk•OKÇ°@ =^Î~¡°@ ~ù>ÿ“•° Hê•°ó@ |‚²ì‹¬ø~¡}K͆Çò ã`Í#°æ@ …Õx Positive Form. attack attacked attacked 131. . avoid avoided avoided 137. attend attended attended 134. Negative Question Form ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 4 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. Negative Form. Spoken English lesson Z 72 Fame is the perfume of heroic deeds. associate associated associated 126. astomish astomished astomished 129. Question Form. beetch beetched beetched D ~ËA Meaning Z䛽ø@ J_È°Q®°@ ‹¬=¶"͉×=°Q®°@ ‹¬‚¬ð†Ç°=òK͆Çò@ ‹¬‚¬ì"Œ‹¬=òK͆Çò T‚²ìOKÇ°@ ‚¬ðg°WKÇ°ó@ P‰×ó~¡¼„¬~¡KÇ°@ JO\÷OKÇ°@ „Ì |á _È°. assume assumed assumed 127. "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O. ascend ascended ascended 122. assure assured assured 128. : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs. ask asked asked 123. assemble assembled assembled 124.. attach attached attached 130. attain attained attained 132. babble battled battled 138.

J J J J <Í#° x#ß WH›ø_È䛽 =KÍó^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› Q®`ÇO…Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³á##¶ =°#=òQêx. train The train had left before we went to the railway station yesterday. Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`ÇO…Õ KÍ‹²# ï~O_È° „¬#°•…Õ =òO^ΰQê „¬îië KÍ‹²# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. ^¥xx ƒìQê test K͉§#°. lesson ƒìQê prepare J~ò<Œ#°. count KÍ‹²# `Ç~¡°"Œ`Ç <Í#° J`ÇxH÷ money pay K͉§#°. =¶ brother #° H›e‰§#°. EXAMPLES 1. I had studied in Nellore before I joined this college. <Í#° D college …Õ join J†Í°¼^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ <³•¶Á~¡°…Õ KÇkq<Œ#°.Singular. I paid him money after I had counted all the notes. ï~O_È° „¬#°•° XH›ö~ KÍ‹²=ôO_È=KÇ°ó …èH› "Í~¡° "Í~¡° =¼ä›½ë•° KÍ‹²=ôO_È=KÇ°ó. <Í#° camera Hù<Í =òO^ΰ. Plural U^³# á #° 'had + III form of the verb' L„¬†¶ ³ yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 7. x#ß "Í°=ò ï~á…èÞÀ‹“+¬<£H÷ "³ˆõ¤ ‹¬iH÷ "³o¤‡é~ò#k. Q®`"Ç Œ~¡O. "Í~ùH›~¡°Qêx „¬îiëKÍ‹²# ï~O_È° „¬#°•…Õ =òO^ΰQê „¬îië J~ò# XH› „¬xx ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Had + III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. "Í°=ò J`Çxx H›eÀ‹ ^¥xH÷ =òO^Í. I had learned type-writing before I joined degree. 2. 8. Notes Jhß . D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ J#Qê x#ß. The lecturer had taken the attendance before I went to the class yesterday. 3. <Í#° class H÷ =KÍó^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ. x#ß <Í#° class H÷ "³ˆõ¤ ‹¬iöH lecturer attendance f‹²Hù<Œß~¡°. "Í°<Í[~¡° J#°=°u f‹¬°ä›½<Œß=ò. XH› x~¡â†Ç°O f‹¬°ä›½<Œß=ò. 73 6. Q®`<Ç •³ . I had prepared the lesson well before I came to the class. 5. He wrote a book after he had refered to many books. <Í#° degree …Õ join J†Í°¼^¥xH÷ =òO^Í type <Í~¡°óHùx<Œ#°. "Í°=ò x#ß work start KÍÀ‹ =òO^ΰ. guests JO^Î~¡¶ "³o¤# `Ç~¡°"Œ`Ç J`Ç_È° rest f‹¬°ä›½<Œß_È°. : 94406 16425 PAST PERFECT XHùøH›øª•i =°#O XH›~°¡ Q®`OÇ …Õ „¬îië KÍ‹# ² ~ï O_È° „¬#°•…Õ =òO^ΰQê „¬îië J~ò# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ° KÇ°O^ΰ=ò.. Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ Subject . 4. He took rest after the guests had gone. KŒ…ì books refer KÍ‹²# `Ç~¡°"Œ`Ç J`Ç_È° XH› book ã"Œ‰§_È°.

9. =¶ uncle `Ë discuss KÍ‹²# `Ç~¡°"Œ`Ç <Í#° "Œix H›e‰§#°. Jxß U~Œæ@°Á KÍ‹²# `Ç~¡°"Œ`Ç. They had reached home before it rained. 12.. Z 74 . 15. EXERCISE 2. x#ß guests =KÍó‹¬iH÷ "Í°=ò Jxß U~Œæ@°Á KÍ‹²†Çò<Œß=ò. I had read the story before I saw the movie. <Í#° ~Œãu WO\÷H÷ "³ˆõ¤‹¬iH÷ „²•Á•° xã^Î ‡é~ò<Œ~¡°. "Í°=ò "ŒiH÷ _È|°Ä K³eÁOKŒ=ò. Sweet are the uses of adversity. J`Çxx "Œ~¡° ‚¬ð‹²æ@…˜H÷ f‹¬°ä›½ "³ˆõ¤^¥xH÷ =òO^Í. 14. "Œ~¡° „¬x „¬îiëKÍÀ‹ ^¥xH÷ =òO^Í. <Í#° WH›ø_•H÷ =KÍó^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ manager #° H›e‰§#°. Our teacher dictated the notes after he had taught the lesson. 3. <Í#° P movie KǶÀ‹ ^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ H›^ŠÎ KÇkq<Œ#°. "Í ° =ò x#ß JH› ø _È |†Ç ° •°^Í ö ~ ^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ. <Í#° x#ß interview H÷ "³ˆõ¤^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ. 1. : 94406 16425 Lesson teach KÍ ‹ ² # `Ç ~ ¡ ° "Œ`Ç =¶ teacher notes dictate K͉§~¡°. x#ß =~¡ÂO „¬_Í^¥xH÷ =òO^Í "Œ~¡° WO\÷H÷ KÍ~¡°ä›½<Œß~¡°. 16. I had gone to my friend's room before I came here. Guest •ä›½ serve KÍÀ‹=òO^ΰ P"³° P item taste KÍ‹²#k. x#ß "Í°=ò auditorium H÷ "³ˆõ¤‹¬iH÷ "Œ~¡° programme ‡ ã •~¡Oa•Oz<Œ~¡°. =¶ friends room H÷ "³ˆì¤#°. She had tasted the item before she served it to the guests. =¶ brother own business start KÍ À ‹ ^¥xH÷ =òO^Î ° work ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß_È°. 9. <Í#° WH›ø_•H÷ =KÍó^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ. bank 7. 11. I had tested the camera well before I bought it. 10. I met them after I had discussed with my uncle. 8. "Í°=ò "ŒiH÷ inform K͉§=ò. J`Ç_È° KÇx‡é†Ç¶_È°. h=ô <Œä›½ K³À„æ ^¥xH÷ =òO^Í <Í#° D "Œ~¡ë qx†Çò<Œß#°. We informed them after we had made all the arrangements. 4. D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 13. Children had slept before I went home last night. "ŒiH÷ `³e†Ç°„¬iz<Œ=ò. Camera Hù<Í^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ <Í#° ^¥xx ƒìQê test KÍ‹²<Œ#°. 10. 5. x#ß "Í°=ò theatre …ÕxH÷ "³ˆ¤õ ‹¬iH÷ show "³ò^Î…ÿá#k. 6. 17. D book refer K͉§#°.

The rain had not yet stopped by then. "Í ° =ò J„¬ æ \÷ H ÷ WOHê À ‹ “ + ¬ < £ ä › ½ KÍ~¡°Hù#…è^ΰ. 8. . 75 6. He had not yet got this job by then. You had not yet informed us this news by then. Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò =~¡ä›½ „¬îië K͆ǰx „¬#°•#°‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. P"³° J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê WH›ø_È䛽 ~Œ…è^ΰ. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KǶ P ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #䛽 WOHê „¬îië Hêx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. We had not yet reached the station by that time. J„¬æ¬\÷H÷ WOHê =~¡ÂO PQ®…è^ΰ. <Í#° J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê D Hê…èl…Õ KÍ~¡…è^ΰ. 9. Q®`Ç "Œ~¡O=~¡ä½› . P"³° J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê _¨H›“~Ÿ#° Hê…è^ΰ. g°~¡° J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê =¶ä›½ D q+¬†Ç°O `³e†Ç°„¬~¡KÇ…è^ΰ. 2. J`Ç _ È ° J„¬ æ \÷ H ÷ WOHê D L^˼Q® O ‡ÚO^Î…è^ΰ. marriage My brother had not yet got married by then. 5. 10. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O =~¡ä½› …èH› Q®`OÇ …Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò =~¡Hï #á #¶ XH›~°¡ „¬îië K͆°Ç x XH› „¬xx ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Had + not + (Yet) + III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Plural U^³á##° 'had not (yet) III form' =KÇ°ó#°. I had not yet joined this college by then. P"³° J„¬æ\÷H÷OHê KÇ^ΰ=ô „¬îië K͆ǰ…è^ΰ. 7. She had not yet completed her studies by then. "Í ° =ò J„¬ æ \ ÷ H ÷ WOHê D "Œ¼‡•~¡ O ‡ã •~¡Oa•OKÇ…^è °Î . EXAMPLES 1. D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#° „À ~ùø#°KǶ J#Qê x#ß\÷ =~¡ä½› . We had not yet started this business by then. =¶ brother J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê KÍ‹¬°Hù#…è^ΰ. I had not yet bought this scooter by then. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ Subject –> Singular. Q®`Ç <³• =~¡ä½› . <Í#° J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê D scooter Hù#…è^ΰ.. J J J J "Í°=ò J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê D W•°Á Hù#…è^ΰ. 3. 4. consult She had not yet consulted the doctor by then. "Œ~¡° J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê D town H÷ shift Hê…è^ΰ. <Í#° J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê degree …Õ join J=…è^ΰ.

14. "Í°=ò J„¬æ\H÷ ÷ WOHê D K͆ǰ…è^ΰ. "Œ~¡° J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê D book publish K͆ǰ…è^ΰ. 13. 19. house construct We had not yet constructed this house by then. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê chief guest ‹¬ƒ•’…Õ =¶\ìÁ_È…è^ΰ. Z 76 . Z<£ . 7. =¶ sister J„¬ æ \÷ H ÷ WOHê M. I had not yet woken up by that time. "Œ~¡° J„¬æ\H÷ ÷ WOHê WH›ø_Èä½› KÍ~°¡ Hù#…è^°Î . 8. They had not yet commenced the programme by then.T. =¶ lecturers J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê syllabus „¬îië K͆ǰ…è^ΰ. "³ˆ×Á…è^ΰ.. 6. 18. 11. "Í°=ò J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê lunch f‹¬°HË…è^ΰ. : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. Sri Chandra Babu had not yet become chief-minister by then. 15. The government had not yet passed this ordinance by then. I had not yet received this message by then. 1. 20. ~Œ=¶~Œ=ô J„¬ æ \÷ H ÷ WOHê ~Œ[H©†Ç¶•…ÕxH÷ ㄬ"ÍtOKÇ…è^ΰ. "Í ° =ò J„¬ æ \÷ H ÷ WOHê D ‹¬ O ‹¬ Ö # ° ª•Ö„O² KÇ…^ è °Î . <Í#° J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê major Hê…è^ΰ. 12. 4. 3. "Í°=ò J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê D work „¬îië K͆ǰ…è^ΰ. 10. 9. 2. „ ã ƒ¬ •’°`ÇÞ=ò J„¬æ\H÷ ÷ WOHê D ordinance pass K͆ǰ…è^ΰ. Sri N. "Œ~¡° J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê U. 17. <Í#° J„æ¬\÷H÷ WOHê English grammar <Í~¡°óHË…è^ΰ. \÷ . We had not yet established this firm by then.Phil K͆ǰ…è^ΰ. J„¬æ\÷H÷OHê N KÇOã^΃ì|° =òY¼=°Oãu J=…è^ΰ. "Œ~¡° J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê cards distribute K͆ǰ…è^ΰ. g°~¡° J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê WH›ø_È䛽 ~Œ…è^ΰ. 14. Our lecturers had not yet completed the syllabus by then. 5. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê Manager Office H÷ ~Œ…è^ΰ. 11. J`Ç_È° J„¬æ\÷H÷OHê licence H÷ apply K͆ǰ…è^ΰ. 16. 13. P"³° J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê items `džǶ~¡° K͆ǰ…è^ΰ.S. They had not yet reached here by then.A. A stitch in time saves nine. 12. 15. Rama Rao had not yet entered into politics by then. J„¬æ\÷H÷OHê <Í#° D message JO^ΰHË…è^ΰ. "Œ~¡° J„¬æ\H÷ ÷ WOHê Hê~¡¼Hã =› °O ‡ã •~¡Oa•OKÇ …è^ΰ. J`Ç_È° J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê VISA ‡ÚO^Î…è^ΰ. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê <Í#° xã^Î…è=…è^ΰ. J„¬æ\÷H÷OHê train q[†Ç°"Œ_È À‹“+¬<£H÷ KÍ~¡°HË…è^ΰ.

<Í#° K³À„æ^¥xH÷ =òO^Í h=ô D `³•°‹¬°ä›½<Œß"Œ? news Had you known this news before I told you ? 6. h=ô WH›ø_•H÷ =KÍ= ó òO^ΰ consult J~ò<Œ"Œ? manager #° Had you consulted the Manager before you came here? 2. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› Q®`OÇ …Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³#á #° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ KÍ‹#² ~ï O_È° „¬#°•…Õ =òO^ΰQê „¬îiëK‹Í #² XH› „¬xx „ã t¬ ßOKÇ°@䛽 "Had + 'III form of the Verb" L„¬†¶ ³ yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. 4. D x~¡â†Ç°O f‹¬°ä›½<Í =òO^ΰ h=ô g° father `Ë discuss K͉§"Œ ? Had you discussed with your father before you took this decision? .Singular. train "³o¤ ‡é~ò#^¥ ? g°~¡° JH›ø_È |†Ç°•° ^Íö~=òO^ΰ. Q®`<Ç •³ . ~Œãu =~¡ÂO „¬_^ Í ¥xH÷ =òO^Í g°~¡° WO\÷H÷ KÍ~¡°ä›½<Œß~Œ ? Had you reached home before it rained last night? 8. EXAMPLES 1. ‹¬ÞO`Ç "Œ¼‡•~¡O ‡ã •~¡Oa•OKÇ\ìxH÷ =òO^ΰ h=ô work <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß"Œ? Had you learned the work before you started your own business? 7. Plural U^³á##¶ 'Had' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. x#ß h=ô JH›ø_•H÷ "³ˆ¤õ ‹¬iH÷. "ŒiH÷÷ inform KÍ‹²<Œ~Œ ? h=ô Q®=~¡ß"³°O\˜ *샘 ‡ÚO^Í^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ.. D Hê…èl…Õ „¬xKÍ‹²<Œ"Œ ? J J J J „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`OÇ …Õ „¬îië KÍ‹# ² ~ï O_È°„¬#°•…Õ =òO^ΰQê „¬îië KÍ‹# ² „¬xx „ ã t ¬ ßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. Q®`"Ç Œ~¡O. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò Q®`OÇ …Õ XH›~°¡ „¬îië KÍ‹# ² ~ï O_È° „¬#°•…Õ =òO^ΰQê J~ò# „¬xx ㄬtßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. "Œ~¡° „¬x ‡ã •~¡Oa•Oz<Œ~Œ ? h=ô station H÷ KÍ~¡°ä›½<Í ‹¬iH÷. 77 Computer course join J†Í ° ¼=òO^Î ° course Q®°iOz enquire KÍ‹²<Œ~Œ? Had you enquired about the computer course before you joined it? letter post KÍÀ‹=òO^ΰ h=ô address check KÍ‹²<Œ"Œ? Had you checked the address before you posted the letter? 5. J`ÇxH÷ money pay KÍÀ‹=òO^ΰ notes count KÍ‹²<Œ"Œ? Had you counted the notes before you paid him money? 3. D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ x#ß. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ Subject .

g°~¡ ° D town H÷ shift J†Í ° ^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ Guntur …Õ Zxß ‹¬O=`Ç•~Œ•° x=tOz <Œ~¡°? As you sow.. JH›ø_È |†Ç°•°^Íö~=òO^ΰ g°~¡° "ŒiH÷ inform KÍ‹²<Œ~Œ ? 5. : 94406 16425 D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. g°~¡° station H÷ "³ˆõ¤‹¬iH÷ J~ò#^¥ ? Zxß cards ㄲO\˜KÍ‹² †Çò<Œß_È°? Howmany cards had he printed before you went to the press? Clinic H÷ "³ˆõ¤=òO^ΰ Uq° f‹¬°ä›½<Œß=ô? What had you taken before you went to the clinic? 4. EXERCISE 'Wh' QUESTIONS 9. J`Ç_È° degree complete KÍÀ‹ ^¥xH÷ =òO^Í type „¬sH›Æ pass J~ò<Œ_¨ ? 14. Howmuch amount had they collected before you met them? WH›ø_•H÷ =KÍó =òO^ΰ h=ô g° father `Ë Uq° discuss KÍ‹²<Œ=ô? What had you discussed with your father before you came here? 1. prepare J~ò<Œ"Œ ? Class lesson ƒìQê 2. g°~¡° press H÷ "³ˆ¤õ‹i¬ H÷ J`Ç_°È cards print KÍ‹²<Œ_¨ ? 10. How had you known this news before I told you? h=ô D job ‡ÚO^Í^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ h䛽 16. 11. Class H÷ =KÍ= ó òO^ΰ h=ô ZH›ø_•H÷ "³ˆì¤=ô? Where had you gone before you came to the class? D H›OÌ„h…Õ join J†Í°¼^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ h=ô ZH›ø_È work KÍ‹²<Œ=ô? Where had you worked before you joined this company? D work ‡ã •~¡Oa•OKÍ =òO^ΰ g°~¡° Z=i 12. KÍÀ‹ =òO^ΰ h=ô work ZH›ø_È <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ô ? Own business start 9. "Œ~¡ ° =KÍ ó ‹ ¬ i H÷ g°~¡ ° KÍ‹²<Œ~Œ? train move work finish 7. h=ô WH›ø_•H÷ =KÍ= ó òO^ΰ Z=ix consult J~ò<Œ=ô ? 10. g°~¡° D town H÷ shift J†Í°^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ ZH›ø_È x=tOz<Œ~¡° ? 8. <Í#° K³À„æ ^¥xH÷ =òO^Í h=ô D q+¬†Ç°O Z…ì `³•°‹¬°ä›½<Œß=ô? 6. Whose permission had you taken before you started this work? x#ß h=ô press ^ÎQ®¾~¡ä›½ "³ˆõ¤‹¬iH÷ J`Ç_È° 3. g°~¡° "Œix H›eÀ‹ ^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ "Œ~¡° ZO`Ç amount collect KÍ‹²†Çò<Œß~¡°? 18. so you reap. Z 78 . H÷ =KÍó =òO^ΰ. 13. Who had helped you before you got this job? D Hê…è*…˜ Õ join J†Í°¼^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ h=ô Z=~¡° ‹¬‚¬ð†Ç°O KÍ‹²<Œ~¡°? ZH›ø_È KÇkq<Œ=ô? Where had you studied before you joined this college? 17. „¬ià+¬<£ f‹¬°ä›½<Œß~¡°? 15.

J„¬æ\÷H÷ J`Ç_È° WOHê x#°ß H›•=…è^¥ ? Hadn't he yet met you by then ? 7. EXAMPLES 1.Singular. J„¬æ\÷H÷ "Œ~¡° WOHê D house construct K͆ǰ…è^¥ ? Hadn't she yet come here by that time? Hadn't they yet started this business by then ? permission Hadn't you yet taken permission by then? 79 function H÷ U~Œæ@°Á Hadn't they yet made arrangements for the function by that time ? Hadn't you yet bought this scooter by then ? Hadn't they yet constructed this house by then ? . Plural U^³á##° 'Hadn't+III form of the Verb' =KÇ°ó#°. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ Subject . J„¬æ\÷H÷ "Œ~¡° WOHê D business start K͆ǰ…è^¥ ? 9. J„¬æ\÷H÷ h=ô WOHê Inter „¬îië K͆ǰ…è^¥ ? Hadn't you yet completed Intermediate by then ? 2. J„¬æ\÷H÷ P"³° WOHê WH›ø_È䛽 ~Œ…è^¥ ? 8.. P ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò =~¡ä½› WOHê J„¬æ\÷ =~¡ä½› „¬îië K͆ǰx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Hadn't + III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê g°~¡° D Hê…è^¥? town H÷ shift Hadn't you yet shifted to this town by then ? 3. h=ô J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê college …Õ KÍ~¡…è^¥ ? J`Ç_È° J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê D job ‡ÚO^Î…è^¥ ? J J J J g°~¡° J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê D town H÷ shift Hê…è^¥? P"³° J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê office H÷ "³ˆ×¤…è^¥ ? „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`OÇ …Õ XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò =~¡ä½› WOHê K͆°Ç x XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz „ ã t ¬ ßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. J„¬æ\÷H÷ g°~¡° WOHê D message JO^ΰHË…è^¥ ? Hadn't you yet received this message by then ? 6. J„¬ æ \÷ H ÷ h=ô WOHê f‹¬°HË…è^¥? 10. J„¬æ@H÷ "Œ~¡° WOHê K͆ǰ…è^¥ ? 4. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê h=ô D scooter Hù#…è^¥? 5. D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#° K³„C¬ KǶ. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò =~¡ä½› WOHê K͆°Ç x XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò.

Why hadn't you yet started there by then ? J`Ç_È° J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê bill ZO^ΰ䛽 pay 14. Train J„¬æ\H÷ ÷ WOHê station H÷ KÍ~°¡ HË…è^¥? 6. Why hadn't she yet gone to office by that time ? "Œ~¡° J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê P work ZO^ΰ䛽 K͆ǰ…è^ΰ? "³ˆ×¤…è^ΰ ? „¬îiëK͆ǰ…è^ΰ ? Why hadn't they yet finished the work by that time ? 16. J`Ç _ È ° J„¬ æ \÷ H ÷ WOHê promotion ‡ÚO^Î…è^¥? 9. h=ô J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê bill pay K͆ǰ…è^¥ ? 11. h=ô J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê D x~¡â†Ç°O f‹¬°HË…è^¥ ? 2. g°~¡° J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê work ZO^ΰ䛽 finish K͆ǰ…è^ΰ ? 13. P"³ ° J„¬ æ \÷ H ÷ WOHê studies „¬ î ië K͆ǰ…è^¥? 5. K͆ǰ…è^ΰ? KÍ~¡…è^ΰ ? Why hadn't she joined the course by then? 20. Why hadn't he yet paid the bill by then? P"³° J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê ZO^ΰ䛽 office H÷ 15. "Œ~¡° J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê D book publish K͆ǰ…è^¥ ? 7. "Œ~¡° J„¬æ\H÷ ÷ WOHê ZO^ΰ䛽 JH›ø_•H÷ KÍ~¡…è^ΰ ? Why hadn't they yet reached there by then ? : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. "Œ~¡ ° J„¬ æ \÷ H ÷ WOHê programme "³ò^Ε°Ì„@“…è^¥ ? 10. J`Ç_°È J„¬æ\H÷ ÷ WOHê ZO^ΰ䛽 h䛽 money „¬O„¬…è^ΰ ? 14. "Œ~¡° J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê ZO^ΰ䛽 JH›ø_È䛽 KÍ~¡°HË…è^ΰ ? Z Small deeds done are better than great deeds planned. h=ô J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê "Œi`Ë D q+¬†Ç°O ZO^ΰ䛽 discuss K͆ǰ…è^ΰ ? 18. J`Ç_È° J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê xã^Î…è=…è^¥ ? 4. 'Wh' QUESTIONS 11. Why hadn't he yet cleared the file by then ? P"³° J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê ZO^ΰ䛽 P course …Õ 17. Why hadn't you yet discussed this matter with them by then ? g°~¡ ° J„¬ æ \ ÷ H ÷ WOHê cards ZO^Î ° ä› ½ distribute K͆ǰ…è^ΰ? Why hadn't you yet distributed the cards by then ? P†Ç°# J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê ZO^ΰ䛽 file clear 19. h=ô J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê "ŒiH÷ D q+¬†Ç°O ZO^ΰ䛽 inform K͆ǰ…è^ΰ ? Why hadn't you yet informed them this matter ? 12.. 1. h=ô J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê D news q#…è^¥ ? 8. P"³° J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê "Œix ZO^ΰ䛽 invite K͆ǰ…è^ΰ ? 15. g°~¡° J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê licence ‡ÚO^Î…è^¥ ? 3. 80 . g°~¡ ° J„¬ æ \ ÷ H ÷ WOHê JH› ø _È ZO^Î ° ä› ½ |†Ç°•°^Í~¡…è^ΰ ? 13. h=ô J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê salary ZO^ΰ䛽 draw K͆ǰ…è^ΰ ? 12.

Hadn't you yet woke up by that time ? 2. 3. Had you booked the tickets before they came here ? 3. NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM : Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#° K³„¬CKǶ J„¬æ\÷ =~¡ä›½ WOHê „¬îië K͆ǰx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Hadn't + III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Question Form 4. We had not yet received the message by that time. Ex : 1. 2. Had you taken lunch before you came here ? 2. Negative Question Form J#° 4 parts <Í~°¡ óä½› <Œß=ò. QUESTION FORM : Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ =°#=ò „¬îië KÍ‹²# ï~O_È° „¬#°•…Õ =òO^ΰQê KÍ‹²# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Had + III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. He had not yet completed his studies by then. Negative Form 3. 3. Hadn't they yet commenced the programme by that time ? 81 . Ex : 1. 2. 1. NEGATIVE FORM : Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#° K³„¬CKǶ J„¬æ\÷ =~¡ä›½ WOHê „¬îiëK͆ǰx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Had + not+ III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. I had finished my work before I went out. We had known the news before you told us. Positive Form 2. He had gone out before I went there. Ex : 1. : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ ''Had' + III form of the Verb" Q®°iOz <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. D 4 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹°¬ 䛽O^¥=ò. POSITIVE FORM : Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ =°#=ò „¬îiëKÍ‹²# ï~O_È° „¬#°•…Õ =òO^ΰQê „¬îië KÍ‹²# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 'Had' + III form of the Verb L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. Ex : 1. 2. Had you counted the notes before you paid him money ? 4. Hadn't he yet got ready by then ? 3.. nxx grammar …Õ Past Perfect Tense JO\ì~¡°. I had not yet got this job by then. 3. nx…Õ 1.

borrow borrowed borrowed 147. belong belonged belonged 144. booze boozed boozed 146. Spoken English lesson Z 82 Ability is of little account without opportunity. "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O. cease ceased ceased 156. carry carried carried 155. Negative Form. : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs. capture captured captured 154. I Form II Form III Form 140. Negative Question Form ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 4 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. chew chewed chewed D ~ËA Meaning ã`Í#°æ@ #=òà@ ~¡OïH"͆Çò@ #=òà@ H›•°„¬ô@ q°ug°i ã`ŒQ®°@ J„¬CQê f‹¬°Hù#°@ |‚²ì‹¬øiOKÇ°@ ‰§Þ‹²OKÇ°@ ‡Úy_• "³¶‹¬yOKÇ° …ÿH›øÌ„@“@ ~¡^ΰíK͆Çò@ ‡ã •^•Í†°Ç „¬_°È @ ª•Þn•#=òKÍ‹°¬ Hù#° "³¶‹¬°Hùx‡é=ô@ x•°„¬ô@ [~¡°„¬ôHù#°@ „¬ã`Ç=ò WKÇ°ó@ ‡•_È°@ "³¶‹¬„¬ôKÇ°ó@ #=°•°@ …Õx Positive Form. boycott boycotted boycotted 148. chant chanted chanted 159. calculate calculated calculated 151. cheat cheated cheated 160. believe believed believed 142. certify certified certified 158. bellow bellowed bellowed 143. celebrate celebrated celebrated 157. canvas canvassed canvassed 153. cajole cajoled cajoled 150.. Question Form. cancel cancelled cancelled 152. blend blended blended 145. beetch beetched beetched 141. breathe breathed breathed 149. .

J J J J „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› Yzó`" Ç °³ # Ø ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò …Õ„¬• „¬îië K͆ò Ç „¬#°•#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. <Í#° ~ö „¬\÷ …Õ„¬• D #=• KÇk"ͪ•ë#°. <Í#° ö~„¬ô L^ΆǰO …Õ„¬• q[†Ç°"Œ_È KÍ~¡°ä›½O\ì#°. We will have finished this work by next week. 5. Nagarjuna University will have announced the Degree results by 15th of next month. <Í#° ~ö „¬ô ª•†Ç°Oã`OÇ …Õ„¬• g°ä›½ inform Kͪ•ë#°. =¶ brother next May …Õ„¬• degree „¬îië Kͪ•ë=ò. 83 6. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ Subject . We will have distributed all these cards by next Sunday.Singular. You will have received the orders by next Monday. 2. She will have returned to Ongole by tomorrow. 9. They will have shifted their family to Nellore by next month. : 94406 16425 FUTURE PERFECT =°#=ò Hùxß „¬#°•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› Yzó`" Ç °³ # Ø ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò …Õ„¬• „¬îiëK† Í ò Ç ^ΰ=ò. 7. 8. P „¬xx Z„¬æ\÷ …Õ„¬• „¬îië K͆Çò^Î"³¶ ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› Yzó`"Ç °³ #Ø ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò …Õ„¬• J#Qê ~ö „¬ôQêx. "Œ~¡° g°ä›½ =KÍó 15th …Õ„¬• orders „¬O„¬ô`Œ~¡°. "Í°=ò next Sunday …Õ„¬• D cards Jhß distribute Kͪ•ë=ò. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò …Õ„¬•<³#á #° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ „¬îië K͆Çò XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Will have + III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. =KÍó "Œ~¡O. "Í°=ò next week …Õ„¬• D work finish 3. =KÍó <³•. "Œ~¡° =KÍó <³• …Õ„¬• family <³•¶Á~°¡ H÷ shift Kͪ•ë~°¡ . I will have read this novel by tomorrow.. "Í°=ò next Monday …Õ„¬• report `dž¶Ç ~¡°Kͪ•ë=ò. EXAMPLES 1. P"³° ~ö „¬\÷ …Õ„¬• XOQË•°H÷ uiy =‹¬°Oë k. I will have informed you by tomorrow evening. . g°~¡ ° next Monday …Õ„¬ • orders 4. Nagarjuna University next 15th …Õ„¬• Degree results announce KÍ‹¬°ëOk. My brother will have completed his degree by next May. Kͪ•ë_°È . <Í#° ~ö „¬ô ª•†Ç°Oã`OÇ …Õ„¬• D answers Jhß <Í~¡°ó䛽O\ì#°. Plural U^³á##° 'Will have + III form' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. JO^ΰ䛽O\ì~¡°.

7. 9. <Í#° ~ö „¬ô ª•†Ç°Oã`OÇ …Õ„¬• D "ã ŒÀ‹ª•ë#°. She will have typed all these letters by this evening. "Í°=ò ~ö „¬\÷ …Õ„¬• g°ä›½ =‹¬°= ë ô•° deliver Kͪ•ë=ò. <Í#° g° amount =KÍó Pk"Œ~¡O …Õ„¬• repay Kͪ•ë#°. "Œ~¡° next December …Õ„¬• P house construct KÍ‹ À ª•ë~°¡ . 13. : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 10. P"³° D ~ËA ª•†Ç°Oã`OÇ …Õ„¬• D letters Jhß type KÍ‹¬°ëOk. notes I will have written this notes by tomorrow evening. "Í°=ò ö~„¬\÷ …Õ„¬• D q+¬†Ç°O…Õ XH› x~¡â†Ç°O f‹¬°ä›½O\ìO. "Œ~¡° ö~„¬ô L^ΆǰO 9 'O' clock …Õ„¬• Q®°O@¶~¡° KÍ~¡°ä›½O\ì~¡°. "Í°=ò next month prepare J=ô`Œ=ò. 11. =KÍó =¶ió …Õ„¬• „ ã ƒ¬ •’°`ÇÞO teacher posts ƒ•’së KÍ‹ À ‹¬°Oë k. "Í°=ò next December …Õ„¬• D clear KÍ‹ À ª•ë=ò. "Œ~¡° D <³…ìY~¡° …Õ„¬• P book publish KÍ‹ À ª•ë~°¡ . 12. They will have reached Guntur by 9'O' clock tomorrow morning. =KÍó 5th …Õ„¬• J`Ç_È° salary draw Kͪ•ë_°È .A. 10. 5. "Œ~¡ ° next KÍ‹ À ª•ë~°¡ . 18. function H÷ We will have made the arrangements for the function by tomorrow morning. "³o¤‡é`Œ~¡°. =¶ English lecturer D <³ … ìY~¡ ° H÷ syllabus complete Kͪ•ë~°¡ . 1. 14. We will have submitted the report to the Collector by next Monday. week …Õ„¬ • D bill pay They will have paid the bill by next week. 3. 14. 16. =KÍó XH›@= `Ín …Õ„¬• "Í°=ò D W•°Á Mìm Kͪ•ë=ò. 11. 17. "Œ~¡ ° next month 10th …Õ„¬• _•ãw admission list announce Kͪ•ë~°¡ . Example is better than precept. We will have taken a decision in this matter by tomorrow. "Í°=ò next Monday …Õ„¬• Collector 䛽 report submit Kͪ•ë=ò. 13. J`Ç_È° next Monday …Õ„¬• duty …Õ join J=ô`Œ_È°. =¶ mother WOHùH› Q®O@…Õ lunch H÷ Jxß items `dž¶ Ç ~¡° Kͪ•ë~°¡ . 4. "Œ~¡° =KÍó "Œ~¡O …Õ„¬• P road repair KÍ‹ À ª•ë~°¡ . 8.S. =¶ uncle next December …Õ„¬• U. …Õ„¬• Jxß lessons 2. loan We will have cleared this loan by next December. 6. D train ö~„¬ô L^ΆǰO 9'O' clock …Õ„¬• _••bÁ KÍ~°¡ 䛽O@°Ok. 15.. "Í°=ò ö~„¬ô L^ΆǰO …Õ„¬• U~Œæ@°Á Kͪ•ë=ò. 12. 15. He will have joined duty by next Monday. Z 84 . ö~„¬\÷ …Õ„¬• doctors P"³°#° hospital #°O_• discharge Kͪ•ë~°¡ .

D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› xsâ`Ç ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò …Õ„¬• J#Qê ~ö „¬\÷ …Õ„¬•. h=ô ~ö „¬\÷ …Õ„¬• x~¡† â °Ç O f‹¬°ä›½O\ì"Œ? 2. 85 Will your brother have joined duty by next Monday? P"³° next month …Õ„¬• D subject prepare J=ô`Ç°O^¥? Will she have prepared this subject by next month? "Œ~¡° =KÍó _•Ì‹O|~Ÿ …Õ„¬• D house construct Kͪ•ë~Œ? Will they have constructed the house by next December? 6. 8. ~ö „¬\÷ …Õ„¬• g°~¡° D „¬xx „¬îië Kͪ•ë~Œ ? =KÍó Pk"Œ~¡O …Õ„¬• J`Ç_°È XOQË•°H÷ uiy =ª•ë_¨ ? Next June …Õ„¬• P"³° degree „¬îië KÍ‹¬°ëO^¥ ? ö~„¬ô evening …Õ„¬• g°~¡° D bill pay Kͪ•ë~Œ? J J J J „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› xsâ`Ç ‹¬=°†Ç°O…Õ„¬• XH›~°¡ „¬îië K͆ò Ç „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. letters type Will you have typed these letters by this evening? g°~¡° next week …Õ„¬• orders receive KÍ‹¬°ä›½O\ì~Œ? Will you have received the orders by next week? g° lecturers next January …Õ„¬ • syllabus „¬îië Kͪ•ë~Œ? Will the lecturers have completed the syllabus by next January? g°~¡° next week …Õ„¬• college H÷ report submit Kͪ•ë~Œ? Will you have submitted the report to the college by next week ? "Œ~¡° ö~„¬\÷ …Õ„¬• cards Jhß distribute Kͪ•ë~Œ? Will they have distributed all the cards by tomorrow ? .Subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'Shall have' You. We . It. EXAMPLES 1. 10.. Will you have vacated this house by next month ? g° brother next Monday …Õ„¬• duty join Kͪ•ë~Œ ? J=ô`Œ_¨ ? 4. h=ô ª•†Ç°Oã`ÇO…Õ„¬• D Kͪ•ë"Œ? 7. ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò …Õ„¬• XH›~°¡ „¬îië K͆ò Ç XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz „ ã t ¬ ßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. Will you have taken a decision by tomorrow ? g°~¡° next month …Õ„¬• D W•°Á Mìm 3. They . =KÍó "Œ~¡O …Õ„¬•. 9. 5. She. * Note : I. He.Subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'Will have' =KÇ°ó#°. =KÍó <³•. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …Õ„¬• „¬îië K͆òÇ XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz „ã t¬ ßOKÇ°@䛽 "Will have + III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM =°#=ò Hùxß „¬#°•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› Yzó`" Ç °³ # Ø ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò …Õ„¬• „¬îië K͆ò Ç ^ΰ=ò.

86 . =KÍó "Œ~¡O …Õ„¬• h=ô Zxß lessons prepare J=ô`Œ=ô ? 15. g°~¡° Z„¬æ\÷ …Õ„¬• tickets book Kͪ•ë~°¡ ? 11.. 20. g°~¡° Z„¬æ\÷ …Õ„¬• new house …ÕH÷ shift J=ô`Œ~¡° ? When will you have shifted to the new house? 13. =KÍ ó <³ • …Õ„¬ • J`Ç _ È ° promotion ‡ÚO^ΰ`Œ_¨ ? 4. Next Monday …Õ„¬• g°~¡° D bill pay Kͪ•ë~Œ ? 6. ö~„¬\÷ …Õ„¬• g°~¡° =¶ä›½ g° x~¡â†Ç°O `³e†Ç°*誕ë~Œ ? 2. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …Õ„¬• "Œ~¡° JH›ø_È bridge xiકë~Œ ? 5. 17. : 94406 16425 P"³° Z„¬æ\÷ …Õ„¬• WH›ø_•H÷ uiy =‹¬°Oë k? When will she have returned here ? D <³…ìY~¡° …Õ„¬• g°~¡° ZO`Ç amount collect Kͪ•ë~°¡ ? Howmuch amount will you have collected by the end of this month ? Next Saturday …Õ„¬• "Œ~¡° Zxß files clear Kͪ•ë~°¡ ? Howmany files will they have cleared by next Saturday ? =KÍó 15= `Ín …Õ„¬• h=ô Zxß new policies book Kͪ•ë=ô ? Howmany new policies will you have booked by next 15th ? =KÍó _•Ì‹O|~Ÿ …Õ„¬• "Œ~¡° bank …Õ ZO`Ç amount deposit Kͪ•ë~°¡ ? Howmuch amount will they have deposited in the bank by next December? "Œ~¡° Z„¬æ\÷ …Õ„¬• D ãHù`Çë book publish Kͪ•ë~°¡ ? When will they have published this new book ? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. P"³ ° Z„¬ æ \ ÷ …Õ„¬ • D dress stitch KÍ‹¬°ëOk ? 13. J`Ç_È° Z„¬æ\÷ …Õ„¬• certificates receive KÍ‹¬°ä›½O\ì_È° ? When will he have received the certificates ? 15. h=ô Z„¬æ\÷ …Õ„¬• D book KÇk"ͪ•ë=ô ? 10. ö~„¬\÷ …Õ„¬• "Œ~¡° Zxß copies print Kͪ•ë~°¡ ? Z He who follows two hares catches neither. 19. EXERCISE 'Wh' QUESTIONS 11. 18.m. =KÍó <³• …Õ„¬• g°~¡° …Õ<£ ‡ÚO^ΰ`Œ~Œ? 14. ~ö „¬ô ª•†Ç°Oã`OÇ …Õ„¬• g°~¡° g°\÷OQ·H÷ Jxß U~Œæ@°Á Kͪ•ë~Œ ? 7. WO@sà_•†³°\˜ ƒÕ~ŸÛ "Í° 31 …Õ„¬• „¦e¬ `Œ•° ㄬH›\÷‹¬°ëO^¥ ? 3. h=ô Z„¬æ\÷ …Õ„¬• D Kͪ•ë=ô? course „¬îië When will you have completed this course ? 12. D <³• PY~¡° …Õ„¬• g°~¡° Jxß lessons revise Kͪ•ë~Œ ? 9. J`Ç_È° Z„¬æ\÷ …Õ„¬• iHê~ŸÛ work „¬îië Kͪ•ë_°È ? 12. …Õ„¬• "Œ~¡° programme ‡ã •~¡Oa•ª•ë~Œ ? 8. 16. 1. D train Z„¬ æ \÷ …Õ„¬ • Chennai KÍ~¡°ä›½O@°Ok ? When will this train have reached Chennai ? 14. ö~„¬ô 7 p.

Ex : 1. nxx grammar …Õ Future Perfect Tense JO\ì~¡°. : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ "Will + have + III form of the Verb" Q®°iOz <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. They will have distributed cards by tomorrow. Question Form J#° 2 parts <Í~°¡ óä½› <Œß=ò. Will he have joined the duty by next 5th? 3. Ex : 1. 2. I will have done this workly tomorrow. QUESTION FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°ë…Õx XH› xsâ`Ç ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò …Õ„¬• XH›~¡° „¬îië K͆Çò XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 'Will have' + III form of the Verb L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. We will have completed the course by next week. Will you have received the orders by next week? 2. POSITIVE FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°ë…Õx XH› xsâ`Ç ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò …Õ„¬• XH›~¡° „¬îië K͆Çò XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 'Will have' + III form of the Verb L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. He will have cleared the file by next Monday. nx…Õ 1.. Will she have written the novel by next June? 4. Positive Form 2. 1. 3. Will they have made arrangements by next week? 87 . 4. 2. D 2 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹°¬ 䛽O^¥=ò.

conceal concealed concealed 178. compete comepted comepted 175. collapse collapsed collapsed 167. confirm confirmed confirmed Meaning "Œ¼„²O„¬K͆Çò@ q=iOzK³„¬C@ Z䛽ø@ =ü†Çò@ ‹¬‚¬ìH›iOKÇ°@ „¬_•‡é=ô@ À‹H›iOKÇ°@ P*ìý„²OKÇ°@ P~¡Oa•OKÇ°@ "Œ¼Mì¼#=òK͆Çò `³e†Ç°*è†Çò ‡é•°ó@ =uë_•K͆òÇ @ ‡é\©K͆Çò@ 䛕~¡°æK͆Çò@ „¦¬V~Œ¼^ΰK͆Çò@ 䛕~¡°æK͆Çò@ ~¡‚¬ì‹¬¼=òQê LOKÇ°@ ã‰×^ÎœKǶ„¬ô@ =òyOKÇ°@ Hê†Ç°„¬~¡KÇ°@ D ~ËA Spoken English lesson …Õx Positive Form. communicate communicated communicated 172. I Form II Form III Form 161. "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O. co-operate co-operated co-operated 166. compile compiled compiled 176. collect collected collected 168. . compose composed composed 178. commence commenced commenced 170. clarify calrified calrified 163. comlain complained complained 177. circulate circulated circulated 162. command commanded commanded 169. comment commented commented 171. concentrate concentrated concentrated 179. close closed closed 165. climb climbed climbed 164. Z 88 A journey of thousand miles begins with a single step. compel comepelled comepelled 174. Question Form ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 2 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. conclude concluded concluded 180. compare compared compared 173. : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs..

4. =¶ brother 1995 #°Oz POã^•¥ƒì¼OH± …Õ „¬x KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß_È°. J J J J <Í#° ï~O_È° ~ËA• #°Oz D notes `džǶ~¡° K͆ÇòKÇ°<Œß#°. 3. EXAMPLES English 5. „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ ‡ã •~¡Oa•Oz. P"³ ° ï ~ O_È ° ~ËA• #°Oz [Þ~¡ O `Ë ƒì^•Î„_¬ °È KÇ°#ßk. 1990 #°Oz =¶ father D business KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß~¡°.V. 2. "Í°=ò <Œ•°Q®° <³•• #°Oz D room …Õ LO@°<Œß=ò. Zxß ~ËA•°. „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë OÇ WOH›#° Qê K͆ÇòKÇ°#ß „¬#°•#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. "Œ~¡° <Œ•°Q®° ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡=ò• #°Oz D Hê•h…Õ x=t‹¬°ë<Œß~¡°. I have been learning English grammar for four months. She. <Í#° <Œ•°Q®° <³•• #°Oz grammar <Í~¡°ó䛽O@°<Œß#°. You. . ‡é~ò# ªé=°"Œ~¡O #°Oz WH›ø_È =~¡ÂO „¬_È°KÇ°#ßk. Zxß <³••°. 89 8.m. She has been suffering from fever for two days. I have been waiting for my friend since 7 a. It J~ò#„¬C_È° 'has been' =KÇ°ó#°. XH› „¬xx =°#=ò Zxß ~ËA•°Qê. 7. "Í°=ò ï~O_È° <³•• #°Oz problem face KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß=ò. We. …Õ match KǶ‹¬°ë<Œß~¡°. ZO`Ç Hê•OQê. 1. Zxß ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡=ò•°Qê K͆ÇòKÇ°#ßn ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Have been / Has been + Verb + 'ing' form " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. <Í#° L^Ά°Ç O 7 Q®OII• #°Oz =¶ friend HË‹¬O Z^ΰ~¡°KǶ‹¬°ë<Œß#°. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject –> I. : 94406 16425 PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS =°#=ò Hùxß „¬#°•° Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ ‡ã •~¡Oa•Oz „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë = Ç ò WOH›#° continuous Qê K͆Çò KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. L^ΆǰO #°Oz "Œ~¡° T. They J~ò#„¬C_È° 'have been'. continuous D q^•ÎOQê =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò# continuous Qê KÍ‹¬¶ë=ô#ß XH› „¬xx ZO`Ç Hê•OQêJ#Qê Zxß Q®O@•°Qê. water We have been facing water problem for two months.. It has been raining here since Monday last. Subject –> He. My brother has been working in the Andhra Bank since 1995. Z„¬æ\÷ #°O_• K͆ò Ç KÇ°#ßn W`Ç~°¡ •ä›½ ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. "Í°=ò ï~O_È° <³•• #°Oz bank test H÷ prepare JQ®°KÇ°<Œß=ò. We have been preparing for the bank test for two months. 6. They have been living in this colony for four years.

set since morning. J`Ç_È° L^ΆǰO #°Oz P T. =¶ mother ï~O_È° <³•• #°Oz Homeopathic medicines f‹¬°ä›½O@°#ßk. 11. 4. <Í # ° ï ~ O_È ° ~ËA• #°Oz D #=• KÇ^ΰ=ôKÇ°<Œß#°. govt. =¶ grand father ~ï O_È° ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡=ò•°Qê cancer `Ë ƒì^•Î„_ ¬ °È KÇ°<Œß~°¡ . P"³° 11 'O' clock #°Oz letters type KÍ‹¬°ë#ßk. x#ß \ ÷ #°Oz <Í # ° D book refer KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß#°. 15. 1. <Í # ° J~¡ Q ® O @ #°Oz D serial KǶ‹¬°ë<Œß#°. 14. I have been trying for a government job for two years.V. 7. 5. „¬ k xq°+¬ = ò• #°Oz ã"³¶Q®°KÇ°#ßk. "Í°=ò ï~O_È° ~ËA• #°Oz U~Œæ@°Á KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß=ò. I have been reading this novel for two days. 10. =¶ lecturers "Œ~¡O ~ËA• #°Oz =¶ä›½ special HêÁ‹¬°•° f‹¬°ä›½O@°<Œß~¡°. 10. No gains. He has been repairing that T. ï~O_È° <³•• #°Oz <Í#° English Ì„á concentrate K͆ÇòKÇ°<Œß#°. <Í#° XH› Q®O@ #°Oz WH›ø_È bus HË‹¬O wait KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß#°. 14. 13. Z 90 . 9. =¶ father Q®`Ç 8 ‹¬OII•°Qê D business KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß~¡°. "Œ~¡° XH› ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O #°Oz =¶ä›½ ƒìQê ‹¬‚¬ìH›i‹¬°ë<Œß~¡°. My uncle has been practising as a lawyer for the past twelve years. 2. 12. telephone The telephone has been ringing for ten minutes. <Í#° ~ï O_È° ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡=ò• #°Oz job HË‹¬O try KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß#°. My mother has been taking Homeopathic medicines for two months. ªÏ~¡ƒ˜ Q®OQ®¶b Q®`Ç P~¡° ‹¬O=`Ç•~Œ•°Qê ãH÷ïH\˜ P_È°KÇ°<Œß_È°. "Í°=ò ï~O_È° ~ËA• #°Oz pending files clear KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß=ò. 11. 15. 13. P"³ ° XH› <³ • ~ËA•°Qê XH› #=• ã"Œ‹¬°ë#ßk. : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 8. function H÷ We have been making arrangements for the function for two days. No pains. "Í°=ò ~ï O_È° ~ËA• #°Oz D workshop x~¡Þ‚²ì‹¬°ë<Œß=ò. 9. 3. =¶ uncle Q®`Ç 12 ‹¬OII•°Qê lawyer Qê practise K͆ÇòKÇ°<Œß~¡°. _•ãw q^¥¼~¡°Ö•° "Œ~¡O ~ËA• #°Oz HêÁ‹¬°•° |‚²ì+¬øi‹¬°ë<Œß~¡°. =¶ friend KŒ…ì ~ËA•°Qê <Œä›½ help KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß_È°. 6. ‡•s“ Jƒ•’¼~¡°Ö•° ï~O_È° ~ËA• #°Oz WO\÷O\÷H÷ ㄬKŒ~¡O KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß~¡°. My father has been doing this business for the past eight years. set repair K͆ÇòKÇ°<Œß_È°.V. 12. 16..

<Í # ° last Monday #°O_• J`Çxx H›•°=…è^ΰ. ZO`ÇHê•OQê KÍ‹¬°ëO_È_ÈO…è^Ë ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. 5. You.. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë OÇ KÍ‹°¬ Oë _Èx XH› „¬xx Zxß~ËA•°Qê K͆°Ç _ÈO…è^Ë. <Í#° <Œ•°Q®°~ËA•#°O_• Hê…èlH÷ "³ˆ¤× _ÈO…è^°Î . "Œ~¡° 1998 #°O_• D town …Õ x=tOKÇ_ÈO …è^ΰ. . 2. They . He has not concentrated on his studies for two months. J`Ç_°È ~ï O_È° <³•• #°O_• studies Ì„á concentrate K͆ǰ_ÈO…è^ΰ. 9. "Œ~¡° Q®`Ç =ü_È°‹¬O=`Ç•~Œ• #°O_• school Annual Day celebrate K͆ǰ_ÈO…è^ΰ. They have not celebrated the school Annual Day for the past three years. * Note : Q®`Ç HùO`ÇHê•OQê KÍ‹¬¶ë =ô#ß XH› „¬xx ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 positive …Õ "have been + 'ing' form" =KÇ°ó#°. practice We have not practised cricket for ten days. room rent He has not paid room rent for four months. She has not come to our house since yesterday. P`Ç_È° <Œ•°Q®° <³•• #°Oz pay K͆ǰ_ÈO…è^ΰ.Subject Qê =ô#ß„¬ô_È° 'has' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. "Í°=ò E<£ 1 #°O_• =¶ =î~¡° "³ˆ¤…× ^ è °Î . 91 They have not opened the shop for one week. D q^•Î=òQê ㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç=ò =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò# =°#=ò KÍ‹¬°ëO_Èx XH› „¬xx Z„¬æ\÷#°O_• K͆°Ç _ÈO…è^Ë. EXAMPLES 1. 3. 6. It.Subject Qê =ô#ß„¬ô_È° 'have. * Note : I. "Œ~¡° "Œ~¡O~ËA•#°O_• K͆ǰ_ÈO…è^ΰ. <Í#° ~ï O_È°~ËA•#°O_• computer class H÷ attend J=_ÈO…è^ΰ. =ü_È° <³••°Qê WH›ø_È =~ŒÂ•° „¬_È…è^ΰ. "Í°=ò „¬k~ËA• #°Oz ãH÷ïH\˜ K͆ǰ_ÈO…è^ΰ. ZO`ÇHê•OQê K͆òÇ @…è^Ë ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Have / Has + not + III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. It has not rained here for three months. 8. 7. She. 4. shop open 10. We have not gone to our village since June 1st. Zxß~ËA•°Qê K͆òÇ @…è^Ë. I have not met him since Monday last. I have not attended the computer class for two days. . J J J J Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`ÇO…Õx HùO`Ç Hê•=òQê KÍ‹¬¶ëO_Èx „¬#°•#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. P"³° <Œ•°Q®°~ËA•#°Oz P‚¬ð~¡O f‹¬°HË=_ÈO…è^ΰ. P"³° x#ß\÷#°O_• =¶WO\÷H÷ ~Œ…è^ΰ. We. J`Ç_°È ~ï O_È° "Œ~Œ•#°O_• duty H÷ attend J=_ÈO…è^ΰ. Hêx Negative …Õ 'been + 'ing' form …è䛽O_¨ "have / has + not + III form L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. He.

3. films I have not seen films for two months. P"³ ° <Œ•°Q® ° ~ËA•#°O_• P‚¬ ð ~¡ O f‹¬°HË=_ÈO…è^ΰ. 7. I have not helped him for sometime. They have not maintained the accounts for the past five years. "Œ~¡° ~ï O_È° <³•• #°O_• x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ_ÈO…è^ΰ. 16. 12. 11. "Œ~¡° Q®`Ç "Œ~¡O ~ËA• #°O_• q^•Î°•ä›½ ‚¬ð[~¡=@O…è^ΰ. 1. 9. Doctor ï~O_È° ~ËA• #°O_• clinic H÷ ~Œ=@O …è^ΰ. brothers EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. "Í ° =ò P~¡ ° <³ • •#°O_• P K͆ǰ_ÈO…è^ΰ. 13. <Í # ° ï ~ O_È ° <³ • • #°O_• KǶ_È_ÈO…è^ΰ. <Í#° <Œ•°Q®° ~ËA• #°Oz Hê…èrH÷ "³ˆ¤@ × O …è^ΰ.. 1998 #°Oz "Œ~¡° WH›ø_È x=tOKÇ@O …è^ΰ. =òx‹²‡•e\© "Œ~¡° 4 ~ËA• #°O_• h~¡° ‹¬~¡„¦¬~Œ K͆ǰ@O …è^ΰ. car use We have not used that car for six months. 12. 4. He has not worked anywhere for one year. 10. J„¬æ\÷ #°Oz P"³° =¶`Ë =¶\ìÁ_@ È O …è^°Î . We have not moved with him for one year. 15. 6. 15. exercise He has not taken exercise for one week. 17. <Í#° Q®`Ç ~ï O_È° ‹¬O=`Ç•~Œ• #°O_• U competitive exam H© appear Hê…è^ΰ. J`Ç_È° XH› ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O#°O_• ZH›ø_¨ „¬xK͆ǰ_ÈO…è^ΰ. "Œ~¡° Q®`Ç 5 ‹¬OII• #°O_• accounts ‹¬iQê maintain K͆ǰ_ÈO…è^ΰ. "Í°=ò J„¬æ\÷ #°O_• J`Çx q+¬†°Ç O *ÕH›¼O KÍ‹¬°HË=@O…è^ΰ. 19. 20. 5. 14. HùO`Ç H ê•OQê =¶ ‹¬‚¬ìH›iOKÇ_ÈO…è^ΰ. P"³° <Œ•°Q®° ~ËA• #°O_• Z=i`Ë#¶ =¶\ìÁ_È@O …è^ΰ. Z Idle man's brain is devil's workshop. "Œ~¡° Q®`Ç HùO`Ç Hê•OQê q^¥¼~¡°Ö•ä›½ scholarships K³eÁOKÇ@O…è^ΰ. programmes They have not conducted the programmes for two months. ~ï O_È° ‹¬O=`Ç•~Œ• #°O_• N<Œ^•£ one day matches P_È@O …è^ΰ. "Í°=ò ~ï O_È° ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡=ò• #°O_• U ‹¬=°‹¬¼ Z^ΰ~Ëø=@O …è^ΰ. J„¬æ\÷ #°Oz J`Ç_È° HêÁ‹¬°•ä›½ miss Hê…è^ΰ. J`Ç _ È ° "Œ~¡ O ~ËA•#°O_• K͆ǰ_ÈO…è^ΰ. =¶ father ï~O_È° <³•• #°O_• <Œä›½ money „¬O„¬@O …è^ΰ. 8. 2. She has not taken food for four days. P"³° Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O #°O_• H›^•ÎŠ ° "ã Œ†Ç°@O …è^ΰ. 13. 11. <Í#° HùO`ÇHê•O #°Oz J`ÇxH÷ ‹¬‚𬠆ǰO K͆ǰ@O…è^ΰ. : 94406 16425 <Œä› ½ My brothers have not co-operated with me for sometime. 18. 14. 92 . "Í°=ò XH› ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O#°O_• J`Çx`Ë move Hê=_ÈO…è^ΰ.

Have you been attending the Spoken English classes for two months ? h=ô 2002 #°O_• job HË‹¬ O try KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß"Œ? Have you been trying for a job since 2002? 9. Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject –> 'I' 'We' 'You' 'They' J~ò#„¬C_È° 'Have been' 'He'.. Z^ΰ~¡° KǶ‹¬°ë<Œß~Œ ? 3. h=ô WH›ø_È Q®O@ #°Oz wait K͆ÇòKÇ°<Œß"Œ? g°~¡° 1998 #°Oz D town …Õ x=t‹¬°ë<Œß~Œ ? g° brother ~ï O_È° ‹¬OI #°O_• job KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß_¨ ? P"³° x#ß\÷ #°Oz [Þ~¡O`Ë ƒì^•Î„_¬ °È KÇ°#ß^¥? J J J J „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ ‡ã •~¡Oa•Oz WOH›#¶ KÍ‹¶ ¬ # ë ß „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. Q® ` Ç ï ~ O_È ° ~ËA•°Qê WH› ø _È =~¡  O „¬_È°KÇ°#ß^¥ ? Has it been raining here for the last two days ? 93 Have they been maintaining this firm since 1985 ? h=ô ~ï O_È° <³•• #°O_• Spoken English HêÁ‹¬°•ä›½ ‚¬ð[~¡Q®°KÇ°<Œß"Œ ? 8. h=ô x#ß\÷ #°O_• D K͆ÇòKÇ°<Œß"Œ ? notes `džǶ~¡° Have you been preparing this notes since yesterday ? g°~¡° "Œ~¡O ~ËA• #°O_• results HË‹¬O 6. "Œ~¡ ° 1985 #°O_• D ‹¬ O ‹¬ Ö # ° x~¡Þ‚²ì‹¬°ë<Œß~Œ ? 7. D q^•Î=òQê =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò# continuous Qê KÍ‹¬¶ë=ô#ß XH› „¬xx Zxß ~ËA•°Qê. * EXAMPLES 1. 4. ZO`Ç Hê•OQê K͆ÇòKÇ°#ßn ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Have / Has + been + Verb + 'ing' form" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Zxß ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡=ò•°Qê. Have you been waiting for the results for one week ? g° brother ~ï O_È° ‹¬O=`Ç•~Œ• #°O_• Vizag …Õ LO@°<Œß_¨ ? Has your brother been staying in Vizag for two years ? P"³ ° Q® ` Ç <Œ•°Q® ° ~ËA• #°O_• L„¬"Œ‹¬=òO@°#ß^¥ ? Has she been fasting for the last four days? 5. 'She'. XH›~¡° XH› „¬xx Zxß ~ËA•°Qê. 2. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM =°#=ò Hùxß „¬#°•° Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ ‡ã •~¡Oa•Oz „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë OÇ WOH›#¶ continuous Qê K͆ÇòKÇ°O^ΰ=ò. ZO`Ç Hê•OQê. 10 ‹¬O=`Ç•~Œ• #°O_È• h=ô D scooter use KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß"Œ ? Have you been using this scooter for ten years ? 10. Zxß <³••°Qê. 1995 #°O_• P"³° D school …Õ teacher Qê „¬xKÍ‹¬°ë#ß^¥ ? Has she been working as a teacher in this school since 1995 ? . Z„¬æ\÷ #°O_• K͆ò Ç KÇ°#ßn „ ã t ¬ ßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. 'It' J~ò#„¬C_È° 'Has been' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.

ZO`Ç H ê•OQê g°~¡ ° books publish KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß~¡° ? 10.. "Œ~¡° Z„¬æ\÷ #°Oz g°ä›½ D material supply KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß~¡° ? Howlong have they been supplying you this material ? 20. : 94406 16425 'Wh' QUESTIONS EXERCISE 11. ZO`ÇHê•OQê J`Ç_È° lawyer Qê practise KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß_È° ? 11. h=ô ï ~ O_È ° ~ËA• #°Oz D #=• KÇ^ΰ=ôKÇ°<Œß"Œ ? 3. g°~¡° Q®`Ç ªé=°"Œ~¡O #°O_• [#àƒ•’¶q° Hê~¡¼Hã = › °O…Õ ‡•…ç¾O@°<Œß~Œ ? 2. P"³° L^ΆǰO #°Oz special items `džǶ~¡° K͆ÇòKÇ°#ß^¥ ? 5. h=ô x#ß\÷ #°O_• D book HË‹¬ O "³^Î䛽KÇ°<Œß"Œ ? 7. g° father ï ~ O_È ° <³ • • #°O_• D medicines f‹¬°ä›½O@°<Œß~Œ ? 4. P"³° Z„¬æ\÷ #°O_• g°ä›½ Hindi teach KÍ‹¬°ë#ßk ? 12. J`Ç _ È ° ZO`Ç Hê•OQê hä› ½ help 1. J`Ç_È° ZO`Ç Hê•OQê cancer `Ë ƒì^•Î„_ ¬ °È KÇ°<Œß_È° ? Howlong has he been suffering from cancer ? 15. "Œ~¡ ° Q® ` Ç "Œ~¡ O ~ËA•°Qê „¬ O _È ° Q® [~¡°„¬ô䛽O@°<Œß~Œ ? 6. J`Ç_°È ~ï O_È° <³•• #°O_• final exams H÷ prepare JQ®°KÇ°<Œß_¨ ? 9. Dravid Z„¬ æ \ ÷ #°Oz team x lead KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß_È° ? KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß_È° ? Z Howlong has he been helping you ? Every cloud has a silver lining. g°~¡ ° ZO`Ç Hê•OQê D WO\ÕÁ x=t‹¬°ë<Œß~¡° ? Howlong have you been living in this house ? 13. 94 . ZO`Ç Hê•OQê g°~¡ ° WH› ø _È English <Í~¡°ó䛽O@°<Œß~¡° ? Howlong have you been learning English here ? 18. P"³ ° Z„¬ æ \ ÷ #°Oz movies …Õ act KÍ‹¬°ë#ßk? Howlong has she been acting in movies ? 19. Howlong have you been doing this job ? 12. h=ô ZO`Ç Hê•OQê D L^˼Q® O KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß=ô? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. h=ô WH›ø_È ZO`Ç À‹„¬\÷ #°O_• wait KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß=ô ? Howlong have you been waiting here ? 17. ZO`Ç Hê•OQê "Œ~¡° D problem face KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß~¡° ? Howlong have they been facing this problem ? 16. "Œ~¡ ° Z„¬ æ \ ÷ #°O_• strike …Õ ‡•…ç¾O@°<Œß~°¡ ? 13. g°~¡° "Œ~¡O ~ËA• #°O_• practicals KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß~Œ ? 8. g° sister Z„¬æ\÷ #°O_• K³<ßá… ³ Õ KÇ^°Î =ô KÇ°#ßk ? Howlong has your sister been studying in Chennai ? 14. h=ô D course Z„¬æ\÷ #°Oz KÍ‹°¬ < ë Œß=ô? 14. ZO`Ç Hê•OQê g°~¡° D =‹¬°ë=ô•° sale KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß~¡° ? 15.

Hasn't it rained here for the past four months ? Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡ Hê•OQê Ganguly matches P_È@O …è^¥? Hasn't Ganguly played matches for the past one year ? . h=ô <Œ•°Q®° ~ËA•°Qê q㉧Ou f‹¬°HË=@O …è^¥ ? g°~¡° ~ï O_È° <³••°Qê bill pay K͆ǰ@O…è^¥ ? J`Ç_È° J„¬æ\÷ #°Oz g°ä›½ help K͆ǰ@O …è^¥? P"³° KŒ…ì ~ËA• #°Oz WH›ø_È LO_È@O…è^¥ ? J J J J Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`ÇO…Õ HùO`Ç Hê•=òQê KÍ‹¬¶ëO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. D q^•Î=òQê =°#=òQêx. You. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° Q®`OÇ …Õx HùO`ÇHê•=òQê KÍ‹¶ ¬ Oë _Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. 10. Hasn't he helped you since then ? P"³° x#ß L^Ά°Ç O #°O_• food f‹¬°HË=@O 9. Jan 1st #°O_• h=ô g° T~¡° "³ˆ¤… × ^ è ¥? Haven't you gone to your village since Jan 1st ? g°~¡° Q®`Ç ï~O_È° <³••°Qê salary draw 2. Q®`Ç <Œ•°Q®° <³••°Qê WH›ø_È =~¡ÂO „¬_È_ÈO …è^¥? 5. It J~ò#„¬C_È° 'Hasn't' =KÇ°ó#°. We. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject I.. P"³° J„¬æ\÷ #°O_• g° WO\÷H÷ ~Œ=@O …è^¥? 4. "Í~ùH›~°¡ Qêx Q®`OÇ …Õx HùO`Ç Hê•=òQê KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Haven't / Hasn't + III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. K͆ǰ@O…è^¥? …è^¥? Hasn't she taken food since yesterday morning ? "Œ~¡° Q®`Ç ï~O_È° <³••°Qê games practise K͆ǰ@O…è^¥? K͆ǰ@O…è^¥? Haven't you drawn salary for the past two months ? Hasn't she come to your house since then ? …è^¥? Haven't they practised the games for the last two months ? 95 7. h=ô ~ï O_È° ~ËA• #°O_• classes H÷ attend Hê=@O…è^¥? 6. She. EXAMPLES 1. Haven't you attended the classes for two days ? g°~¡° <Œ•°Q®° <³•• #°Oz house rent pay 3. =KÇ°ó#°. Haven't you paid house rent for four months ? J`Ç_È° J„¬æ\÷ #°Oz h䛽 help K͆ǰ@O 8. They J~ò#„¬C_È° 'Haven't' He.

~ï O_È° ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡=ò• #°O_• P"³° birthday ZO^ΰ䛽 celebrate KÍ‹¬°HË=@O…è^ΰ? Z Adversity introduces a man to himself. ï~O_È° <³••°Qê g° father h䛽 money „¬O„¬@O…è^¥? 2. class H÷ ZO^ΰ䛽 Why haven't you come to the class for the past two days ? Q®`Ç <Œ•°Q®° ~ËA•°Qê "Œ~¡° shop ZO^ΰ䛽 open K͆ǰ@O…è^ΰ ? Why haven't they opened the shop for the last four days ? Q®`" Ç Œ~¡O ~ËA•°Qê J`Ç_°È duty H÷ ZO^ΰ䛽 attend Hê=@O…è^ΰ ? Why hasn't he attended the duty for the past one week ? Q®`Ç Hùxß <³••°Qê h=ô studies Ì„á ZO^ΰ䛽 concentrate K͆ǰ@O…è^ΰ ? Why haven't you concentrated on your studies for the past few months ? 15. Q®`Ç 10 ~ËA•°Qê h=ô J`Çxx ZO^ΰ䛽 H›•=…è^ΰ? 10. KŒ…ì ~ËA•°Qê h=ô "ŒiH÷ letters ã"Œ†Ç°…è^¥? 5. ï~O_È° <³••°Qê h=ô movies KǶ_È@O …è^¥? 3. Q® ` Ç 6 <³ • •°Qê g°~¡ ° instalments ZO^ΰ䛽 pay K͆ǰ@O…è^ΰ? 12. <Œ•°Q®° <³•• #°O_• g°~¡° monthly report ZO^ΰ䛽 submit K͆ǰ…è^ΰ? 15. Q®`Ç <Œ•°Q®° <³••°Qê "Œ~¡° g°ä›½ salary K³eÁOKÇ@O…è^¥? 7. KŒ…ì ~ËA•°Qê g°~¡° J`Çxx H›•=…è^¥? 4. P"³° Q®`Ç 10 ~ËA•°Qê Hê…èlH÷ ZO^ΰ䛽 "³ˆ×¤@O…è^ΰ ? 16. h=ô Jan-1 #°O_• g° T~¡° ZO^ΰ䛽 "³ˆ×¤…è^ΰ? 11. 1. J„¬æ\÷ #°O_• h=ô ZO^ΰ䛽 "Œi q+¬†°Ç O…Õ *ÕH›¼O KÍ‹¬°HË=@O…è^ΰ? Why haven't you interefered in their matter since then ? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. Q®`Ç Hùxß <³••°Qê g°~¡° <Œ`Ë ZO^ΰ䛽 ‹¬‚¬ìH›iOKÇ@O…è^ΰ ? Why haven't you co-operated with me for the past few months ? 18. 13. x#ß\÷ #°Oz h=ô Ug° f‹¬°HË…è^¥? 8. Q®`Ç Hùxß <³••°Qê J`Ç_È° ZH›ø_¨ ZO^ΰ䛽 „¬xK͆ǰ@O…è^ΰ ? Why hasn't he worked any where for the past few months ? 20. ï~O_È° ~ËA•°Qê h=ô ~Œ=@O …è^ΰ ? 12. Q®`Ç 6 <³••°Qê g°~¡° bank #°O_• money withdraw K͆ǰ…è^¥? 6. Q® ` Ç ï ~ O_È ° „¬ ~ Œ¼†Ç ° =ò•°Qê P†Ç ° # ZO^ΰ䛽 ZxßH›•…Õ ‡é\© K͆ǰ@O…è^ΰ? Why hasn't he contested in the elections for the past two times ? 19. : 94406 16425 Why hasn't she gone to college for the past ten days ? "Œ~¡° Q®`Ç <Œ•°Q®° ~ËA•°Qê classes ZO^ΰ䛽 x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ@O…è^ΰ ? Why haven't they conducted the classes for the past four days ? 17. J„¬æ\÷ #°Oz J`Ç_°È h`Ë =¶\ìÁ_@ È O…è^¥? 9. ï~O_È° ~ËA• #°O_• h=ô temple H÷ ZO^ΰ䛽 "³ˆ×¤_ÈO…è^ΰ? 14. 14. EXERCISE 'Wh' QUESTIONS 11. 96 .. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡ Hê•OQê "Œ~¡° g°ä›½ material ZO^ΰ䛽 supply K͆ǰ@O…è^ΰ? 13.

QUESTION FORM : Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ ㇕~¡Oa•Oz ㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#䛽 WOH›#¶ continuous Qê KÍ‹¬¶ë#ß XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Have / Has + been + Verb + 'ing' form" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. I have not met him for two days. NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM : Q®`ÇO…Õx HùO`ÇHê•OQê =°#=ò KÍ‹¬¶ëO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Haven't / Hasn't + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.. Question Form 4. He has not sent me money for two months. We have not come here since Sunday last. 1. Ex : 97 1. 2. 3. POSITIVE FORM : Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ ㇕~¡Oa•Oz ㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#䛽 WOH›#° continuous Qê KÍ‹¬¶ë#ß XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "have / has + been + Verb + ' ing ' form " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 2. Positive Form 2. Hasn't he met you since Monday last ? . 3. Negative Form 3. 3. Have you been trying for a job for two years ? 2. D 4 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò. I have been doing this job for two years. Haven't you gone to office for five days ? 2. Ex : 1. Ex : 1. NEGATIVE FORM : Q®`Ç HùO`ÇHê•OQê =°#=ò KÍ‹¬¶ëO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 (P „¬xx ZO`Ç Hê•OQê KÍ † Ç ò @…è ^ Ë) "have / has + not+ III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. We have been facing this problem for one month . nxx grammar …Õ Present Perfect Continuous Tense JO\ì~¡°. Has he been helping you for a long time ? 3. Have they been practising this game since Monday last ? 4. He has been staying with us since July. nx…Õ 1. 2. Ex : 1. : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ "Have / Has + been + Verb + 'ing ' form " Q®°iOz <Í~°¡ óä½› <Œß=ò. Negative Question Form J#° 4 parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò.

consult consulted consulted 190. dance danced danced D ~ËA Meaning Ja•#OkOKÇ°@ Qê~¡_™K͆ǰ@ H›•°„¬ô@ [~òOKÇ°. convey conveyed conveyed 195. Negative Question Form ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 4 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. convert converted converted 194. consist consisted consisted 187. ‹¬$+²“OKÇ° q=°iÅOKÇ°@ U_È°ó@ ª•Q®°K͆ò Ç @ #$`ǼOK͆Çò@ …Õx Positive Form. . Negative Form. conjure conjured conjured 183. construct constructed constructed 189. : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs. cultivate cultivated cultivated 200. ïQ•°KÇ° „¬iQ®}÷OKÇ°@ H›ey†ÇòO_È°@ 䛽ã@„¬#°ß xiàOKÇ°@ ‹¬OㄬkOKÇ°@ qx†³¶yOKÇ° Hù#ª•yOKÇ° KÇO^¥WKÇ°ó@ =¶~¡°ó@ `³e†Ç°*è†Çò@ X„²æOKÇ°@ xiàOKÇ°. conquer conquered conquered 185. conspire conspired conspired 188. create created created 197. criticise criticised criticised 198. Spoken English lesson Z 98 A good beginning makes a good ending. convince convineced convineced 196. consider considered considered 186. Question Form. I Form II Form III Form 181. connect connected connected 184.. consume consumed consumed 191. cry cried cried 199. contribute contributed contributed 193. continue continued continued 192. congratulate congratulated congratulated 182. "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O.

"Í°=ò x#ß ª•†Ç°Oã`OÇ ground H÷ KÍ~°¡ 䛽<Í ‹¬iH÷ ï~O_È°Q®O@• =òO^ΰ#°O_Í "Œ~¡° match P_È°`ǶO_•<Œ~¡°. 99 6. XH› „¬x „¬îië J~ò#k. Zxß ~ËA•°. "Í°=ò Ongole town H÷ shift J†Í°¼^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ. J„¬æ\÷H÷ „¬k xq°‘•• #°Oz chief guest =¶\ìÁ_È° KÇ°O_•<Œ_È°. 4. : 94406 16425 PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS =°#=ò Q®`ÇO…Õ KÍ‹²# ï~O_È° „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz `³e†Ç°*è†Çò KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`OÇ …Õx ~ï O_È° „¬#°•…Õ =òO^ΰQê KÍ‹¶ ¬ Oë _•# XH› „¬xx ZO`ÇHê•OQê KÍ‹°¬ Oë _•<Œ"³¶ ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. 2. 1. =KÍ‹ó i¬ H÷. =¶ brother Q®=~¡ß"°³ O@° job ‡ÚO^Í^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ ~ï O_È° ‹¬O=`Ç•~Œ•°Qê private school …Õ „¬xKÍ‹°¬ O ë _•<Œ_È°. They had been playing the match for two hours before we reached the ground yesterday evening. EXAMPLES <Í#° x#ß class H÷ "³ˆõÁ ‹¬iH÷. Plural U^³á##¶ 'had been + 'ing' form' =KÇ°ó#°. job. . x#ß ‹². J„¬æ\÷H÷ J~¡QO® @ =òO^ΰQê<Í „ã [¬ •° ground …Õ gather JQ®° KÇ°O_•<Œ~¡°. <Œ•°Q®° ‹¬O=`Ç•~Œ•#°Oz Q®°O@¶~¡°…Õ x=t‹¬¶Oë _•<Œ=ò.†Ç°O. ï ~ O_È = „¬ x "³ ò ^Î \ ÷ „¬ x H› O >è =òO^Î ° HùO`Ç H ê•OQê continuous Qê [~¡°Q®°KǶO_•#k. J J J <Í#° x#ß =¶ friend room H÷ "³ˆ‹Áõ i¬ H÷. 3. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. D q^•ÎOQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ „¬îië KÍ‹#² ~ï O_È° „¬#°•…Õ "³ò^Î\÷ „¬xx ~ï O_È= „¬xH›O>è =òO^ΰ continuous Qê ZO`Ç Hê•OQê. The lecturer had been teaching the lesson for half-an-hour before I went to the class yesterday. ZxßQ®O@•°. J~¡Q®O@ =òO^ΰ #°OKÍ lecturer lesson teach KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß~¡°. <Í#° x#ß press H÷ "³ˆõ¤ ^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ XH› Q® O @ #°O_• J`Ç _ È ° cards print KÍ‹°¬ Oë _•<Œ_È°. He had been printing the cards for one hour before I went to the press. It had been raining there for two days before we reached Mysore last week. "Í°=ò x#ß auditorium H÷ "³ˆÁõ ‹¬iH÷. "Í°=ò last week Mysore KÍ~¡°ä›½<Í^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ ï~O_È° ~ËA•°Qê JH›ø_È =~¡ÂO „¬_°È `ǶO_•#k. J`Ç_°È ~ï O_È° Q®O@•#°O_• lessons KÇ^°Î =ô KǶO_•<Œ_È°. My brother had been working in a private school for two years before he got the govt. Zxß <³••° =òO^ΰQê KÍ‹¬°ë#ßn ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Had + been + Verb + 'ing' form " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°.. 5. We had been living in Guntur for four years before we shifted to Ongole town.

9. 10. 3. J`Ç_È° x#ß =¶ WO\÷H÷ =KÍó^¥xH÷ Q®O@ =òO^ΰ #°Oz "Í°=ò chess P_È°`Ƕ =ô<Œß=ò. "Í°=ò x#ß theatre H÷ "³ˆõ¤ ‹¬iH÷. 7. Children had been sleeping for two hours before I reached home last night. Train =KÍó^¥xH÷ Q®O@ =òO^ΰ#°O_Í <Í#° platform g°^Î wait KÍ‹°¬ O ë _•<Œ=ò. 1. He had been suffering from fever for ten days before I met him last month. P"³° Delhi "³ˆõ¤^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ <Œ•°Q®° <³•• #°Oz WH›ø_È Hindi <Í~°¡ ó 䛽O@¶O_• #k. They had been discussing the matter for one hour before I went to the meeting hall. 9. 7. <Í#° x#ß JH›ø_Èä½› "³ˆ¤õ‹i¬ H÷ Q®O@ =òO^ΰ #°O_• "Œ~¡° function H÷ ready JQ®° KÇ°<Œß~¡°. 11. P film shooting ‡ã •~¡Oa•OKÍ ^¥xH÷ <³• ~ËA• =òO^ΰ #°O_• "Œ~¡° H›^¥Š KÇ~ó•¡ ° [~¡°„¬ôKǶO_•<Œ~¡°. 6. J`Çx father retire J†Í°¼^¥xH÷ ï~O_È° ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡=ò• =òO^ΰ#°O_Í J`Ç_°È job KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß_È°. Q®O@ =òO^ΰ #°OKÍ JH›ø_È KŒ• =°Ok queue …Õ x•|_• L<Œß~°¡ . <Í#° ~Œãu WO\÷H÷ KÍ~¡°ä›½<Í ^¥xH÷ ï~O_È° Q® O @• =òO^Î ° #°O_Í „² • Á • ° xã ^ Î ‡é`ǶO_•<Œ~¡°. 5. They had been taking the admissions for one week before they commenced the course. Z 100 . We had been playing chess for one hour before he came to our house yesterday. 12. x#ß Prime Minister =KÍó^¥xH÷ ï~O_È° Q®O@• =òO^ΰ #°O_• ~ŒR <Œ†Ç°ä›½•° airport ^ÎQ®¾~¡ wait KÍ‹°¬ O ë _•<Œ~¡°. : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. "Œ~¡° course "³ò^Ε°Ì„>è“ ^¥xH÷ "Œ~¡O =òO^ΰ #°O_• admissions f‹¬°ä›½O @°O_•<Œ~¡°. x#ß =¶ WO\÷H÷ guests =KÍó^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ ï~O_È° Q®O@• #°Oz =¶ mother items `dž¶Ç ~¡° KÍ‹°¬ Oë _•#k. 4. <Í#° meeting hall H÷ "³ˆõ¤ ^¥xH÷ Q®O@ =òO^ΰ #°O_• "Œ~¡° P q+¬†°Ç O discuss KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•<Œ~¡°. x#ß <Í#° college H÷ "³ˆõ¤ ‹¬iH÷ J„¬æ\÷H÷ ï~O_È° Q®O@• =òO^ΰ #°OKÍ clerk students H÷ hall tickets issue KÍ‹°¬ O ë _•<Œ_È°. 2. Flattery is the food of fools. 8. <Í#° x#ß office H÷ "³ˆ¤õ^¥xH÷ Q®O@ =òO^ΰ #°O_Í P"³° letters type K͆òÇ KÇ°O_•#k. <Í#° last month J`Çxx H›eÀ‹ ^¥xH÷ „¬k~ËA• =òO^ΰ#°O_• J`Ç_°È fever `Ë ƒì^•Î„_ ¬ °È KÇ°<Œß_°È . <Í#° x#ß class 䛽 "³ˆõ¤‹¬iH÷ J~¡Q®O@ =òO^ΰ #°O_• lecturer lesson explain KÍ‹°¬ Oë _•<Œ~¡°. She had been learning Hindi here for four months before she went to Delhi.. 8. 10.

: 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò Q®`OÇ …Õx HùO`ÇHê•=ò =~¡ä½› XH›~°¡ continuous Qê KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz. Plural U^³á##¶ 'Had been' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. D company …Õ join J†Í°¼^¥xH÷ P~¡° <³ • •° =òO^Î ° Qê h=ô Hyd. h=ô WH›ø_È䛽 =KÍó^¥xH÷ ï~O_È° Q®O@• =òO^Î ° Qê WO\÷ ^Î Q ® ¾ ~ ¡ home-work KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•<Œ"Œ? 4. g°~¡° WH›ø_•H÷ =KÍó ^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ ~ï O_È° Q®O@•°Qê JH›ø_È rest f‹¬°ä›½O@¶O_•<Œ~Œ ? J`Ç_È° D job ‡ÚO^Í ^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ 2 ‹¬OII•°Qê private company …Õ „¬x KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•<Œ_¨ ? g°~¡° work ‡ã •~¡Oa•OKÍ =òO^ΰ ~ï O_È° Q®O@•°Qê "Œi`Ë KÇi‹ó ¶¬ Oë _•<Œ~Œ ? J J J „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`OÇ …Õx ~ï O_È° „¬#°•…Õ =òO^ΰQê KÍ‹¶ ¬ Oë _•# XH› „¬x †³òH›ø Hê•=ò#° Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. …Õ „¬xKÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•<Œ"Œ? Had you been working in Hyd.. for six months before you joined this company? 101 . P „¬xx ZO`Ç Hê•=òQê K͆ÇòKÇ°#ßk ㄬtßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. H÷ appear J†Í°¼ ^¥xH÷ ï~O_È° <³•• =òO^ΰQê g°~¡° prepare J=ô`¶Ç O_•<Œ~Œ? Test Had you been preparing for the test for two months before you appeared for the test ? 3. EXAMPLES 1. D q^•Î=òQê Q®`ÇO…Õx ï~O_È° „¬#°•…Õ =òO^ΰQê XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò =~¡ä›½ continuous Qê KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz P „¬x ZO`ÇHê•OQê KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•<Œ"³¶ „ã t¬ ßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Had + been + Verb + ing form " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. =KÍ ó ^¥xH÷ ï ~ O_È ° Q® O @• =òO^Î ° Qê g°~¡ ° JH› ø _È U~Œæ@°Á KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•<Œ~Œ? Guests Had you been making arrangements for two hours before the guests came ? 6. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. =KÍó^¥xH÷ Q®O@ =òO^ΰQê g°~¡° station …Õ wait KÍ ‹ ¬ ¶ ë O _•<Œ~Œ? Train Had you been waiting for one hour at the station before the train arrived ? ㇕~¡Oa•OKÍ^¥xH÷ Q®O@ =òO^Î ° Qê "Œ~¡ ° tickets issue KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•<Œ~Œ? Programme programme ? 5. Had they been issuing the tickets for Had you been doing home-work for two one hour before they commenced the hours before you came here ? 2.

: 94406 16425 'Wh' QUESTIONS EXERCISE 7. WH›ø_•H÷ =KÍó ^¥xH÷ Q®O@ =òO^ΰ #°O_• g°~¡° JH›ø_È chess P_È°`ǶO_•<Œ~Œ? 7.. National team …ÕxH÷ selection ‡ÚO^Í ^¥xH÷ ZO`Ç Hê•OQê Sachin cricket P_È°`ǶO_•<Œ_È°? Howlong had he been learning work before he started business? Z A wise enemy is better than a foolish friend. =KÍó ^¥xH÷ ZO`Ç‹ À „¬\÷ #°O_• h=ô WH›ø_È wait KÍ‹¬°ë<Œß=ô ? Manager Howlong had you been waiting here before the manager came ? 9. Final match P_Í^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ g°~¡° Zxß ~ËA•°Qê game practise KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•<Œ~¡°? Howlong had you been practising the game before you played the final match? 12. Howlong had you been living in Hyderabdad before you shifted to this town ? 8. h=ô theatre H÷ "³ˆõ¤‹¬iH÷ Q®O@ =òO^ΰQê "Œ~¡° JH›ø_È queue …Õ x•|_• =ôO_•<Œ~Œ? 4. Business start KÍÀ‹^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ J`Ç_È° ZO`ÇHê•OQê „¬x <Í~°¡ äó ½› O@¶O_•<Œ_È°? 1. KÇx‡é†Í° ^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ ZO`Ç Hê•OQê g° grand father business KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•<Œ~¡°? 10. =KÍ ó ^ ¥xH÷ ï ~ O_È ° Q® O @• =òO^ΰQê "Œ~¡° U~Œæ@°Á KÍ‹¶ ¬ Oë _•<Œ~Œ? Minister 9. g°~¡° D town H÷ shift HêH›=òO^ΰ ZO`Ç Hê•OQê Hyd …Õ x=‹²‹¬¶ëO_•<Œ~¡° ? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. Class H÷ attend J†Í°¼ ^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ ZO`Ç À ‹ „¬ \ ÷ #°Oz h=ô lessons KÇ^°Î =ô`Ç°O_•<Œ=ô ? Howlong had you been reading the lessons before you attended the class ? 11. D room …ÕxH÷ shift J†Í°¼ ^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ 6 <³••°Qê h=ô g° uncle WO\ÕÁ stay KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•<Œ"Œ? 3. h=ô class H÷ "³ˆõ¤‹¬iH÷ half an hour #°Oz teacher lesson teach KÍ‹¶ ¬ Oë _•<Œ~Œ? 2. WH› ø _È Join J†Í ° ¼ ^¥xH÷ =òO^Î ° ZO`Ç H ê•OQê h=ô JH› ø _È KÇ ^ Î ° =ô KÇ°O_•<Œ=ô ? Howlong had you been studying there before you joined here ? 10. g°~¡° JH›ø_•H÷ KÍ~°¡ Hù<Í ^¥xH÷ ~ï O_È° Q®O@• =òO^Î ° #°O_• JH› ø _È =~¡  O „¬_°È KǶO_•#^¥? 8. g° father retire J†Í°¼ ^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ ZO`Ç Hê•OQê h=ô job KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _•<Œ=ô? 6. 102 . D post …Õ join J†Í°¼ ^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ h=ô ZO`ÇHê•OQê training ‡ÚO^ΰ`ǶO_•<Œ=ô? 5.

2. „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx ~ï O_È° „¬#°•…Õ =òO^ΰQê KÍ‹¶ ¬ Oë _È° XH› „¬xx ZO`ÇHê•OQê K͆ÇòKÇ°O^ΰ"³¶ ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. 5. We will have been decorating the function hall for one hour before we start the function. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject . 103 Promotion =KÍó^¥xH÷ 6 <³•• =òO^ΰQê <Í#° training ‡ÚO^ΰ`Ç°O\ì#°. The audience will have been sitting in the hall for half-an-hour before they begin the show. . ㄬ^Î~¡Å# "³ò^Ε° J†Í°¼^¥xH÷ J~¡Q®O@ =òO^ΰ#°OKÍ ãÀ„H›Æ䛽•° ‚¬ð…˜…Õ ä›•~¡°óx LO\ì~¡°. "Í°=ò P celebrations HË‹¬O U~Œæ@°Á KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì=ò.Singular. EXAMPLES 1. 6. „¬ s H› Æ • ° "³ ò ^Î • †Í ° ¼^¥xH÷ J~¡ Q ® O @ =òO^ΰ #°O_• invigilators q^¥¼~¡°Ö• hall tickets verify KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì~¡°. 3. I will have been undergoing training for six months before I get a promotion. "Œ~¡° programme "³ò^Ε°Ì„>è^ “ ¥xH÷ Q®O@ =òO^ΰ #°O_• ‡•‹¹•° issue KÍ‹°¬ Oë \ì~¡°. "Í~ùH› „¬x ‡ã •~¡Oƒ•’"°³ Ø HùO`Ç Hê•OQê continuous Qê [~¡°Q®°`Ƕ LO@°Ok. <Í#° WO@~¡¶ÞH÷ "³ˆ^Áõ ¥xH÷ "Œ~¡O~ËA• =òO^ΰ #°O_• books refer KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì#°. D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°ë…Õ =°#=ò ‹¬¶zOKÇ° XH› „¬x [~¡°Q®°@ H›O>è =òO^ΰ ㇕~¡Oƒ•’"³°Ø continuous Qê HùO`Ç Hê•OQê KÍ‹¬¶ëO_È° "Í~ùH› „¬xx Q®°iOz K³„¬C@䛽 "Will have + been + Verb + 'ing' form " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. J J J Ì‹•=ô•° ㄬH›\÷OKÍ^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ„¬k ~ËA•°Qê =¶ …ÿH›ó~¡~Ÿ• =¶ä›½ special classes f‹¬°ä›½O\ì~¡°. Plural U^³á##¶ 'will have + been + 'ing' form' =KÇ°ó#°. Independence Day H÷ ï~O_È° ~ËA• =òO^ΰ#°O_Í. "Œ~¡° product #° =¶ï~ø\˜…ÕxH÷ q_È°^Ε KÍÀ‹^¥xH÷ ï~O_È° <³•• =òO^ΰ #°OKÍ orders book KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì~¡°. They will have been issuing the passes for one hour before they commence the programme. 4. Function ‡ ã •~¡Oa•OKÍ^¥xH÷ Q®O@ =òO^ΰ #°Oz "Í°=ò function hall decorate KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì=ò. The invigilators will have been verifying the student hall-tickets for half-an hour before they commence the examination. =°#=ò ‹¬¶zOKÇ° D ï~O_È° „¬#°•° "Íö~Þ~¡° =¼ä›½ë•° K͆ǰ=KÇ°ó …èH› XH›ö~ ï~O_È° „¬#°•° K͆ǰ=KÇ°ó. ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ =°#=ò ‹¬¶zOKÇ° XH› „¬x K͆ò Ç @ H›O>è =òO^ΰ. They will have been booking the orders for two months before they release the product into the market.. : 94406 16425 FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS =°#=ò ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ K͆°Ç ƒÕ=ô ~ï O_È° „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ° KÇ°O^ΰ=ò.

12. The patients will have been waiting for one hour before the doctor comes to the clinic. ö~„¬ô Class H÷ "³ˆõÁ^¥xH÷ XH› Q®O@ =òO^ΰ #°O_• <Í#° D exercise KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì#°. ~ö „¬ô J`Ç_°È WH›ø_•H÷ =KÍó^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ ï~O_È° Q®O@• #°Oz "Í°=ò J`Çx HË‹¬O Z^ΰ~¡° KǶ‹¬¶ëO\ì=ò. They will have been making seating arrangements for one hour before the candidates come into the exam hall. Office Mother will have been preparing items for two hours before the guests arrive tomorrow. 5. 8. 7. 6. ö~„¬ô guests =KÍó^¥xH÷ ï~O_È° Q®O@• =òO^ΰ #°O_• mother items `džǶ~¡° KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì~¡°. =¶ father India H÷ uiy =KÍó^¥xH÷ XH› ‹¬ O =`Ç • ~¡ O =òO^Î ° #°O_Í <Í # ° job KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì#°. Jƒ•’¼~¡°Ö•O^Î~¡¶ „¬sH›Æ ‚¬ð•°…ÕxH÷ =KÍó^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ XH› Q®O@ #°O_Í "Œ~¡° seating U~Œæ@°Á KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì~¡°. I will have been doing job for one year before my father returns to India. ö~„¬ô function "³ò^Ε†Í°¼^¥xH÷ Q®O@ =òO^ΰ #°OKÍ guests =‹¬°ëO\ì~¡°. Australia tour "³ˆõ¤^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ 15 ~ËA• #°Oz Indian Cricket players Madras …Õ practise KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì~¡°.. 11. : 94406 16425 ㄬH›\÷OKÍ^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ ï~O_È° ~ËA•°Qê "Œ~¡° application forms verify KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì~¡°. EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 7. h=ô ö~„¬ô <Œ room H÷ =KÍó^¥xH÷ Q®O@ =òO^ΰ #°OKÍ <Í#° lessons KÇ^ΰ=ô `Ç°O\ì#°. |†Ç°•°^Í~¡_¨xH÷ Q®O@ =òO^ΰ #°OKÍ ã„¬†Ç¶}÷䛽•° `Ç=° ‹Ô@Á…Õ ä›•~ùóx LO\ì~¡°. I will have been reading lessons for one hour before you come to my room. All that glitters is not gold. Admission list 4. „¬sH›•Æ ° "³ò^Ε° J†Í°¼^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ <³• ~ËA• #°Oz =¶ lecturers lessons Jhß revise KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì~¡°. 10. H÷ |†Ç°•° ^Íö~ ^¥xH÷ XH› Q®O@ =òO^ΰ #°O_Í <Í#° WO\÷ ^ÎQ®¾~¡ files verify KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì#°. 9. 8. Doctor clinic H÷ =KÍó^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ Q®O@ #°O_• patients P†Ç°#HË‹¬O Z^ΰ~¡° 3. Z 104 . 1. 2. ‡é\© Jƒ•’¼~¡°•Ö list announce KÍÀ‹ ^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ ï~O_È° ~ËA•°Qê N KÇOã^΃ì|° Jƒ•’¼~°¡ •Ö bio-datas verify KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì~¡°. Train KǶ‹¬°ëO\ì~¡°. I will have been verifying the files at home for one hour before I start for office.

She. Will you have been making rehearsals for one month before you perform the play? 5.11TH DAY . Doctor clinic H÷ =KÍó ^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ Q®O@ #°O_• patients P†Ç ° # HË‹¬ O wait KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì~Œ? hall ? Will the patients have been waiting for Chief guest =KÍó ^¥xH÷ J~¡QO ® @ =òO^ΰQê the doctor for one hour before he comes g°~¡° hall …Õ ä›•~ùóx LO\ì~Œ? to the clinic? 105 .A . It. <Í#° ö~„¬ô g° WO\÷H÷ =KÍó^¥xH÷ Q®O@ =òO^Î ° #°O_Í h=ô lessons KÇ^ΰ=ô`Ç°O\ì"Œ? Will you have been sitting in the hall Will you have been reading the lessons 4. <Œ\÷ H › ã „ ¬ ^ Î i ÅOKÍ ^¥xH÷ <³ • ~ËA•° =òO^ΰQê g°~¡° rehearsals KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì~Œ? for one hour before I come to your half an hour before the chief guest comes? house? 2. We. * Note : Subject I. J~ò#„¬C_È° "Shall have" You. they J~ò#„¬C_È° 'Will have' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. ‹¬¶zOKÇ° KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. He. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx ~ï O_È° „¬#°•…Õ =òO^ΰQê ‡ã •~¡Oa•Oz HùO`ÇHê•=ò continuous Qê KÍ‹¶ ¬ Oë _•# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz. ~ö „¬ô "Í°=ò JH›ø_•H÷ =KÍ‹ó i¬ H÷ g°~¡° XH› Q®O@ =òO^ΰQê U~Œæ@°Á KÍ‹¶¬ Oë \ì~Œ ? =°#=ò JH›ø_È䛽 "³ˆõ¤^¥xH÷ ï~O_È° Q®O@•°Qê "Œ~¡° JH›ø_È work KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì~Œ ? h=ô own business ‡ã •~¡Oa•OKÍ ^¥xH÷ 6 <³••° =òO^ΰQê accounts <Í~¡°ó䛽O@°O\ì"Œ ? J J J „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ ~ï O_È° „¬#°•…Õ =òO^ΰQê KÍ‹¶ ¬ Oë _È° XH› „¬x †³òH›ø Hê•=ò Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ÿ…Õ =°#=ò K͆°Ç ƒÕ=ô ~ï O_È° „¬#°•…Õ =òO^ΰQê KÍ‹¶¬ Oë _È° XH› „¬xx ZO`ÇHê•OQê K͆ÇòKÇ°O^ΰ"³¶ ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Will have + been + Verb + ing form " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. EXAMPLES 1. h=ô ö~„¬ô exam hall H÷ "³ˆõ¤ ^¥xH÷ Q®O@ =òO^Î ° #°Oz D book refer KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì"Œ? Will you have been refering to this book for one hour before you go to the exam 3.

<Í#° ö~„¬ô g° room H÷ =KÍó^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ ZO`Ç À ‹ „¬ ô Qê g°~¡ ° matter discuss KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì~¡°? 2. J`Ç_È° Delhi "³ˆõ¤ ^¥xH÷ ï~O_È° <³••° =òO^ΰQê Hindi <Í~¡°ó䛽O@¶O\ì_¨? 5. =°#=ò ª•†Ç°Oã`OÇ JH›ø_•H÷ "³ˆ¤õ ^¥xH÷ ï ~ O_È ° Q® O @•° =òO^Î ° Qê "Œ~¡ ° test ã"Œ‹¬¶ëO\ì~Œ? Howlong will you have been 3. "³ò^Ε° J†Í°¼ ^¥xH÷ Q®O@ =òO^ΰQê<Í guests =‹¬¶ëO\ì~Œ? Function before we go there? 9. |‹¬ ° • |†Ç ° •°^Í ö ~ ^¥xH÷ ZO`Ç À ‹ „¬ ô =òO^ΰQê "Œ~¡° tickets W‹¬°ëO\ì~¡°? Z Concentration is the essence of all knowledge. 6. ‡ÚO^Í ^¥xH÷ ZO`Ç Hê•O =òO^ΰQê h=ô tH›Æ} ‡ÚO^ΰ`Ç°O\ì=ô? Promotion 8. ö ~ „¬ ô h=ô WH› ø _•H÷ =KÍ ó ^ ¥xH÷ Q® O @ =òO^Î ° Qê WO\÷ ^Î Q ® ¾ ~ ¡ lessons KÇ^ΰ=ô`ǶO\ì"Œ? 7. 106 . =°#=ò "³ˆõ¤ ^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ ZO`ÇÀ‹„¬\÷ #°Oz "Œ~¡° JH›ø_È U~Œæ@° KÍ‹¬°ëO\ì~¡°? Howlong will you have been making arrangements before the go there? 7. =°#=ò "³ˆõ¤ ^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ ZO`ÇÀ‹„¬\÷ #°O_• "Œ~¡° JH›ø_È „¬xKÍ‹¬°ëO\ì~¡°? Howlong will they have been working 4. h=ô |†Ç ° @ä› ½ "³ ˆ õ ¤ ^¥xH÷ J~¡ Q ® O @ =òO^ΰQê ready J=ô`Ç°O\ì"Œ? discussing the matter before I come to your room tomorrow? 8. „¬sH›•Æ ° "³ò^Ε° J†Í°¼ ^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ Zxß ~ËA•°Qê g° lecturers lessons revise KÍ‹¬¶ëO\ì~¡°? Howlong will the clerk have been issuing the tickets before the train arrives? 10. Test 䛽 appear J†Í°¼^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ ZO`Ç Hê•OQê h=ô lessons revise KÍ‹°¬ Oë \ì=ô? Howlong will you have been revising the lessons before you appear for the test? : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. Train =KÍ^ ó ¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ ZO`Ç‹ À „¬\÷ #°O_• clerk tickets issue KÍ ‹ ¬ ° ë O \ì_È ° ? 6. 1..

1. Will they have been getting ready for two hours before they go out ? 107 . 1. I had been suffering form a head-ache for two hours before I went to sleep last night. She will have been preparing for the test for two months before she appears for it. Ex : 2.. nx…Õ =°#=ò 1) Positive Form 2) Question Form J#° ï~O_È° pasrts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. 1. 2. QUESTION FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ XH› „¬x [~¡°Q®°@ H›O>è =òO^ΰ ‡ã •~¡Oƒ•’"°³ Ø continuous Qê HùO`Ç Hê•OQê KÍ ‹ ¬ ¶ ë O _È ° "Í ~ ùH› „¬ x x Q® ° iOz ã „ ¬ t ß O KÇ ° @#° ‹¬ ¶ zOKÇ ° @ä› ½ "Will have + been + verb + 'ing' form" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Had you been staying in your uncle's house for two months before you shifted to this room ? 2. : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ =òO^ΰQê "Had + been + Verb + 'ing' form" J#° structure Q®°iOz <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. Had she been typing the letters for two hours before you went there ? D~ËA =°#=ò "Will have + been + Verb + 'ing' form " J#° structure Q®°iOz 䛕_¨ <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. POSITIVE FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ XH› „¬x [~¡°Q®°@H›O>è =òO^ΰ ‡ã •~¡Oƒ•’"°³ Ø continuous Qê HùO`ÇHê•OQê KÍ‹¬¶ëO_È° "Í~ùH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Will have + been + Verb + 'ing'form" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. D structure #° grammar …Õ Past Perfect Continuous Tense JO\ì~¡°. QUESTION FORM : Q®`ÇO…Õ HùO`ÇHê•=ò =~¡ä›½ continuous Qê KÍ‹¬¶ëO_•# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ZO`ÇHê•OQê K͆ÇòKÇ°#ßn ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Had+ been + Verb + 'ing' form" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. They had been revising the lessons for ten days fefore they appeared for the exam. Will you have been waiting for me for one hour before I come there ? 2. Ex : POSITIVE FORM : Q®`ÇO…Õ HùO`ÇHê•=ò =~¡ä›½ continuous Qê KÍ‹¶ ¬ Oë _•# XH› „¬xx ZO`ÇHê•OQê K͆ÇòKÇ°#ßn ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Had + been + Verb + ' ing ' form " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. Ex : 1. 1. D ï~O_È° parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥O. D structure #° grammar …Õ Future Perfect Continuous Tense JO\ì~¡°. nx…Õ Positive Form =°i†Çò Question Form J#° ï~O_È° parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. I will have been taking rest for one hour before you come to my house. D ï~O_È° parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥O. Ex : 2. 2. 1.

decoreate decoreted decoreted 206. declare declared declared 204. deliver delivered delivered 210. Z 108 Ambition and love are the wings of great actions.. depart departed departed 214. demolish demolished demolished 211. . "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O. describe described described 217. derive derived derived 216. deceive deceived deceived 202. diagnize diagnized diagnized Meaning "³¶‹¬=òK͆Çò@ x‰×ó~òOKÇ°@ ㄬH›\÷OKÇ°@ H©Æ}÷OKÇ°@ J•OH›iOKÇ°@ `Çy¾OKÇ°@ JOH÷`Ç=òK͆Çò@ ~¡H÷ÆOKÇ°@ JOkOKÇ°@ <Œ‰×#=òK͆Çò ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@ Hê^Î#°@ |†Ç°•°^Í~¡°@ P^•¥~¡„_¬ °È @ =ü•=ò#°O_• Qã ‚® ì² OKÇ° q=iOKÇ°@ `Çy†ÇòO_È°@ x~¡â~òOKÇ°@ Ja•=$kœK† Í òÇ @ "Œ¼k•x Q®°iëOKÇ°@ D ~ËA Spoken English lesson …Õx Positive Form Question Form ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 2 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. decide decided decided 203. deny denied denied 213. I Form II Form III Form 201. determine determined determined 219. defend defended defended 209. deserve deserved deserved 218. dedicate dedicated dedicated 208. depend depended depended 215. decrease decreased decreased 207. denote denoted denoted 212. decline declined declined 205. develop developed developed 220. : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs.

#~¡tO‚¬ð~Œ=ô N=°u WOk~Œ QêOn•H÷ ~Œ[H©†¶ Ç •…Õ ‹¬•‚¬ð•° W‹¬°Oë _Í "Œ~¡°. We used to work hard then. Smt. . „¬^„Í ^¬ Í KÍ‹°¬ Oë _³_• XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Used to + I form of the Verb" L„¬†Ç³¶ yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 3. P~Ÿ . 'Used to' verb Z•Á„¬C_È° I form …Õ LO_È=…ÿ#°. 10. XH›„¬C_È° ï~Q®°¼•~Ÿ Qê KÍ‹¬°ëO_Í"Œ~¡=ò. Present Tense. 9. * =¶ã`Ç"Í° `Ç~¡°"Œ`Ç EXAMPLES 1. <Í#° <Œ Hê…èl ~ËA•…Õ ï~Q®°¼•~ŸQê …ÿáã|s H÷ "³•°ëO_Í"Œ_•x. 8. 2. Note : 'Used to' J#°#k XH› Anomalous Verb. hard work 7. "Í ° =ò J„¬ C _È ° KŒ…ì KÍ‹¬°ëO_Í"Œ~¡=ò. used to maintain good discipline.T. 4. "Œ~¡ ° XH› „ ¬ C _È ° KŒ…ì z#ß WO\ÕÁ x=t‹¬°ëO_Í"Œ~¡°. Indira Gandhi used to speak English mostly. Sri P. N „². Bhanumathi used to act in Tamil movies also once. Future Tense •…Õ L„¬†³¶yOKÇ䛕_È^ΰ.R. Narasimha Rao used to advise Smt. Hê…èl ~ËA•…Õ =°iOïH„¬C_³<á Œ Q®`OÇ …Õ ~ï Q®°¼•~ŸQê …èH› J•"Œ@°Q®ê. Sri N. 5. =°Oz ã H › = °tH› Æ } ‡•\÷‹°¬ Oë _Í"Œ~¡°.q. =¶ brother 90's …Õ Delhi …Õ Bank Manager Qê „¬xKÍ‹¬°ëO_Í"Œ_È°. "Í°=ò =¶ ‹¬¶ø•° ~ËA•…Õ ~ï Q®°¼•~ŸQê P@•° P_Í "Œˆ×¤=ò. : 94406 16425 USED TO XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò Q®`OÇ …Õ ~ï Q®°¼•~ŸQê …èH› J…"Œ@°Qê KÍ‹°¬ Oë _•# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. "Œ~¡° XH›ø„¬C_È° XH› z#ß Ti…Õ x=tOKÍ"Œ~¡°. D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õ =°# z#ß `Ç#O…Õ.. P J•"Œ@° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO…è^ΰ. Madhavi used to teach us Hindi then. Wk Past Tense …Õ L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. They used to live in a small house once. Sunil Gavaskar used to lead our Cricket team in those days. J J J J <Í#° z#ß„¬C_È° KŒ…ì ƒìQê KÇk"Í"Œ_•x. Madhavi =¶ä›½ J„¬C_È° Hindi teach KÍ‹¬°ëO_Ík. N Z<£ . "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ Subject . N=°u WOkQêOn• Z䛽ø=Qê English =¶\ìÁ_Í"Œ~¡°. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO ï~Q®°¼•~ŸQê K͆Çò@…è^ΰ. Smt. P"³° J„¬C_È° guests #° ƒìQê treat KÍ‹¬°ëO_Ík. Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`ÇO…Õ XH›~¡° ï~Q®°¼•~ŸQê …èH› J…"Œ@°Qê KÍ‹¬°ëO_³_• „¬#°•#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq.V. Mrs. 6. P ~ËA•…Õ ‹¬°h…˜ Q®"Œ‹¬ø~Ÿ =°# ãH÷ïH\˜ \©"£°#° lead KÍ‹¬°ëO_Í"Œ_È°. Indira Gandhi in politics once. My brother used to work as a Bank Manager in Delhi during 90' s. Mrs.Singular. 109 N=°u ƒ•ì#°=°u XH› „ ¬ C _È ° `Ç q °ˆ× ‹²x=¶•…Õ ä›•_¨ #\÷‹¬°ëO_Ík. Plural U^³á##° 'used to' =KÇ°ó#°. I used to go to library regularly during my college days. \÷ .

=¶ father XH›„¬C_È° ~ËAH÷ 15 Q®O@•° work KÍ‹¬°ëO_Í"Œ~¡°. =¶ brother XH›„¬C_È° K³_ÈÛ"Œi`Ë À‹ß‚¬ìO KÍ‹¬°ëO_Í"Œ_È°. 7. 15. lecturers H÷ ƒìQê We used to respect our lecturers then. 1. XH› „ ¬ C _È ° ã „ ¬ [ •° x*ì~òf Q® • <Œ†Ç°ä›½•#° Z#°ßHù<Í"Œ~¡°. I used to participate in every competition very interestingly in my school days. J`Ç _ È ° XH› „ ¬ C _È ° XH› z#ß ‘•„¬ ô …Õ salesman Qê „¬xKÍ‹¬°ëO_Í"Œ_È°. <Í#° ‹¬¶ø•° ~ËA•…Õ ã„¬u ‡é\©…Õ KŒ…ì P‹¬HHë÷ ~› O¡ Qê ‡•…ç¾<"Í Œ_•x. 11. =¶ À‹ß‚²ì`Ç°_È° P#O^£ J„¬C_È° KŒ…ì Z䛽ø=Qê money Y~¡°ó KÍ‹¬°ëO_Í"Œ_È°. <Í#° school classes …Õ Hindi …Õ =°Oz =¶~¡°ø•° score KÍ‹°¬ Oë _Í"Œ_•x. 6. 10. 2. 4. "Í°=ò „ ã u ¬ ~ËA ª•†Ç°Oã`OÇ Hã Hï÷ \˜ practise KÍ‹¬°ëO_Í"Œ~¡=ò. My father used to send me Rs. 18. =¶ father <Œä› ½ J„¬ C _È ° ã „ ¬ u <³ • ~¡¶. 8. 20. =¶ grand mother Z•Á„C¬ _ȶ ƒ•’Q= ® n¾`Ç KÇ^ΰ=ô`Ç°O_Ík. 19. 16. <Í#° XH›„¬C_È° KŒ…ì KÍ‹°¬ Oë _Í"Œ_•x. People used to elect honest leaders once. 2000/Ð „¬O„¬ôKÇ°O_Í"Œ~¡°. 17. 12. heavy Qê smoke I used to smoke heavily once. 11. 12. "Í°=ò ‹¬¶ø…˜…Õ English =¶\ìÁ_Ȱ䛽<Í "Œ~¡=ò. We used to enjoy ourselves with our friends in our college days. "Í°=ò z#ß„¬C_È° ‹¬OãHêOu „¬O_È°Q® KŒ…ì grand Qê [~¡°„¬ô䛽<Í "Œ~¡=ò. 15. =¶ lecturers =¶ä›½ KŒ…ì ƒìQê lessons explain KÍ‹² K³À„æ"Œ~¡°. 9. 13. "Í°=ò z#ß„C¬ _È° „ ã u ¬ ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O "Í‹q ¬ Ì ‹ •=ô•° =¶ Ti…Õ Q® _ È ° „¬ ô `Ç ° O_Í "Œ~¡=ò. "Œ~¡° J„¬C_È° ㄬu „¬O_È°Q® KŒ…ì ƒìQê celebrate KÍ‹¬°ëO_Í"Œ~¡°. „¬ O _•\˜ <³ ã ‚ ¬ ú `Ç # buttonhole …Õ Z•Á„¬C_È° Q®°…ìa Ì„@°“䛽<Í"Œ~¡°. 14. "Í°=ò J„¬C_È° =¶ respect WKÍó "Œˆ×¤O. 110 . : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. We used to celebrate Sankranti festival very grand in our childhood days. 13. Z Great talkers are never great doers. 3.. "Í ° =ò students Qê L#ß „ ¬ C _È ° ANR movies Z䛽ø=Qê KǶ‹¬°ëO_Í"Œ~¡=ò. <Í#° KÇ^°Î =ô䛽<Í ~ËA•…Õ early morning xã^…Î ‹ è °¬ Oë _Í"Œ_•x. Kapil Dev used to take five wickets almost in every match once. 14. My friend Anand used to spend money lavishly then. <Í#° J„¬C_È° ㄬu q+¬†Ç°O =¶ father `Ë discuss KÍ‹ À "Œ_•x. =¶ Head-master J„¬C_È° =°=òà•#° KŒ…ì severe Q®ê tH÷Æ‹¬°ëO_Í"Œ~¡°. =¶ Hê…èl ~ËA•…Õ "Í°=ò À‹ß‚²ì`Ç°•`Ë KŒ…ì ƒìQê enjoy KÍÀ‹"Œ~¡=ò. H›„²…˜^Í"£ XH›„¬C_È° ㄬu =¶¼KŸ…Õ ^¥^¥„¬ô 5 qïH\˜• f‹¬°ä›½<Í"Œ_È°. 5. =¶ father <Œä›½ z#ß„¬C_È° grammar teach KÍ‹¬°ëO_Í"Œ~¡°. He used to work as a salesman in a small shop once. 2000 every month then.

We did not use to neglect our studies then. 5. Indira Gandhi did not use to care anyone. . Plural U^³á##¶ ' did not + use to + I form' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. "Í°=ò school days …Õ guides follow J†Í°"Œ~¡=ò Hê^ΰ. "Œ~¡ ° XH› „ ¬ C _È ° J‹¬ • ° W`Ç ~ ¡ ° •Ì „ á P^•¥~¡„_ ¬ "Í Œ~¡° Hê^ΰ. I did not use to work hard then.Singular. EXAMPLES 1. "Í°=ò J„¬C_È° studies neglect KÍ À‹"Œˆ×¤O Hê^ΰ. J J J J <Í#° J‹¬••° HêÁ‹°¬ •° miss J†Í°¼"Œ_•xHê^ΰ. They did not use to depend on others once. W+¬O“ …èHQ› êx ~ï Q®°¼•~ŸQê KÍ‹°¬ Oë _Èx XH› „¬xx ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Did not + use to + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò Q®`ÇO…Õ ï~Q®°¼•~ŸQê …èH› J•"Œ@°Qê KÍ‹¬°ëO_Èx „¬#°•#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ Subject . 4.. 10. time waste 9. P "³ ° J„¬ C _È ° J‹¬ • ° Z=i`Ë#° =¶\ìÁ_Ík Hê^ΰ. D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õ =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ J•"Œ@°…èHQ› êx. Smt. 6. 111 KÍÀ‹k Hê^ΰ. 2. =¶ brother z#ß „ ¬ C _È ° Z=i=¶\ì q<Í"Œ_È° Hê^ΰ. My brother did not use to listen to any body's words in his boyhood days. N=°u WOk~ŒQêOn• J‹¬•° Z=ih care 8. We did not use to waste time at all then. P"³° J„¬C_È° J‹¬•° Z=Þi`Ë#¶ =¶\ìÁ_Ík Hê^ΰ. "Œ~¡° XH›„¬C_È° =¶ä›½ ‹¬‚¬ìH›iOKÍ"Œ~¡° Hê^ΰ. 7. Employees did not use to take bribe in those days. "Í ° =ò J„¬ C _È ° J‹¬ • ° KÍÀ‹"Œ~¡=ò Hê^ΰ. 3. <Í#° XH›„¬C_È° J‹¬•° friends `Ë move We didnot use to follow guides in our school days. J#Qê Q®`ÇO…Õ =°#䛽 J•"Œ@° …èH› K͆ǰx„¬#°•°. I did not use to move with friends once. J†Í°¼"Œ_•x Hê^ΰ. Ì „ á "ŒH› ¼ =ò•° XH› ~ ¡ ° Q® ` Ç O …Õ ï ~ Q® ° ¼•~Ÿ Q ê …è H › J•"Œ@°Qê KÍ ‹ ¬ ¶ ë O _È x „¬ # °•#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. "Í°=ò Hê…èl…Õ J‹¬•° games P_Í"Œ~¡=ò Hê^ΰ. She did not use to talk to anybody then. P ~ËA•…Õ L^˼Q®°•° •OKÇO f‹¬°ä›½<Í "Œ~¡° Hê^ΰ. <Í#° J„¬C_È° J‹¬•° hard work KÍ‹À "Œ_•ß Hê^ΰ.

<Í#° J„¬C_È° Z=i q+¬†Ç°O…Õ *ÕH›¼O KÍ‹°¬ 䛽<Í"Œ_•x Hê^ΰ. 19. 5. "Œ~¡° XH›„¬C_È° J‹¬•° income tax pay KÍÀ‹"Œ~¡°Hê^ΰ. EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 20. 15. =¶ lecturers J„¬C_È° =¶ä›½ J‹¬•° notes dictate KÍÀ‹"Œ~¡°Hê^ΰ. P Hê…èl…Õ J„¬C_È° donations =‹¬¶•° KÍÀ‹"Œ~¡° Hê^ΰ. "Í°=ò J„¬C_È° D festival celebrate KÍÀ‹"Œ~¡=ò Hê^ΰ. : 94406 16425 13. 112 . J`Ç_È° J„¬C_È° ‹¬iQê duty H÷ attend J†Í°"Œ_È°Hê^ΰ. <Í#° XH›„¬C_È° J‹¬•° films KǶ‹À "Œ_•x Hê^ΰ. 12. 17. He did not use to spend money at all then. 12. J`Ç_°È J„¬C_È° J‹¬•° _È|°Ä Y~¡°ó „ Ì >è" “ Œ_È° Hê^ΰ. "Í°=ò J„¬C_È° J‹¬•° private schools H÷ "³ˆõ¤"Œ~¡=ò Hê^ΰ. She did not use to mingle with others then. P"³° J„¬C_È° J‹¬•° WO\÷…Õ #°O_• |†Ç°@䛽 =KÍókHê^ΰ. 6. 7. 15. "Í ° =ò J„¬ C _È ° essays H› O ~” ¡ ‹ ¬ ë O KÍÀ‹"Œ~¡=ò Hê^ΰ. 18. 14. Z Fools rush in where angels fear to tread. Young men didnot use to cultivate bad habits once.. 1. Our English lecturer did not use to speak Telugu at all. 3. 11. "Œ~¡° =¶ä›½ J„¬C_È° salary ‹¬iQê pay KÍÀ‹"Œ~¡° Hê^ΰ. =¶ English lecturer J‹¬ • ° `³ • °Q® ° =¶\ìÁ_Í"Œ~¡° Hê^ΰ. 13. 16. =¶ brother J„¬C_È° J‹¬•° money save KÍÀ‹"Œ_È° Hê^ΰ. "Í ° =ò J„¬ C _È ° Hê…è l …Õ Ì ‹ q°<Œ~Ÿ … Õ ‡•…ç¾<"Í Œ~¡=ò Hê^ΰ. J`Ç_È° J„¬C_È° J‹¬•° ‹¬iQê food f‹¬°ä›½<Í"Œ_È°Hê^ΰ . 4. 10. 8. XH›„¬C_È° =°# ãH÷ïH\˜ players ‹¬iQê P_Í"Œ~¡° Hê^ΰ. <Í # ° J„¬ C _È ° J‹¬ • ° #=••° KÇ k "Í "Œ_•ßHê^ΰ. 9. P"³° J„¬C_È° W`Ç~¡°•`Ë H›eÀ‹k Hê^ΰ. "Í ° =ò J„¬ C _È ° J‹¬ • ° business …Õ accounts maintain KÍÀ‹"Œ~¡=ò Hê^ΰ. I did not use to interefere in others matter then. We did not use to byheart the essays then. 2. "Í ° =ò J„¬ C _È ° Hê…è l …Õ language classes H÷ attend J†Í°"Œ~¡=ò Hê^ΰ. We did not use to copy in our exams then. We did not use to pay taxes then. "Í°=ò J„¬C_È° „¬sH›•Æ …Õ copy KÍ‹ À "Œ~¡=ò Hê^ΰ. We did not use to maintain accounts in business then. We did not use to attend language classes in the college then. "Œ~¡ ° XH› „ ¬ C _È ° rules follow J†Í ° "Œ~¡°Hê^ΰ. "Í ° =ò J„¬ C _È ° J‹¬ • ° taxes pay KÍÀ‹"Œ~¡=ò Hê^ΰ. 14. 11. XH›„¬C_È° †Çò=䛽•° K³_È° J•"Œ@°Á J•=~¡Kǰ䛽<Í "Œ~¡° Hê^ΰ.

h=ô J„¬C_È° ãH÷ïH\˜ ƒìQê P_È°KÇ°O_Í "Œ_•"Œ? Did you use to play cricket well then ? 113 . "Œ~¡° WO`Çä½› =òO^ΰ H›ƒ Á …˜ Õ ª•O‹¬ø$uH› Hê~¡¼ãH›=°=ò•° x~¡Þ‚²ì‹¬°ëO_Í"Œ~Œ ? Did you use to learn grammar regularly then ? 6. J J J J g°~¡° XH›„¬C_È° D Ti…Õ x=tOKÍ"Œ~Œ? g° father J„¬C_È° L.Singular. g°~¡ ° XH› „ ¬ C _È ° x=t‹¬°ëO_Í"Œ~Œ ? Hyderabad …Õ Did you use to live in Hyderabad once? 3. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ Subject .C …Õ „¬x KÍ‹¬°ëO_Í"Œ~Œ? "Œ~¡° J„¬C_È° "Œ¼‡•~¡=ò KÍ‹°¬ Oë _Í"Œ~Œ ? P"³° g°ä›½ J„¬C_È° English teach KÍ‹¬°ëO_Í^¥ ? „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° XH›~°¡ Q®`OÇ …Õ ~ï Q®°¼•~ŸQê …èH› J•"Œ@°Qê K͆ò Ç „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz „ ã t ¬ ßOKÇ° @#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. D q^•ÎOQê Q®`OÇ …Õ XH›„C¬ _È° ~ï Q®°¼•~ŸQê …èH› J•"Œ@°Qê XH›~°¡ KÍ‹°¬ Oë _³_• XH› „¬xx „ã t¬ ßOKÇ°@䛽 "Did + use to + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM Q®`ÇO…Õ XH›~¡° ï~Q®°¼•~ŸQ®ê …èH› J•"Œ@°Qê K͆Çò „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz W`Ç~¡°•#° ㄬtßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. Plural U^³á##° "Did + use + I form" =KÇ°ó#°. g°~¡ ° J„¬ C _È ° ï ~ Q® ° ¼•~Ÿ Q ê <Í~¡°ó䛽O@°O_Í"Œ~Œ? grammar 5. Did they use to conduct the cultural programmes in the club then ? h=ô J„¬C_È° private college …Õ „¬x 7.I. H›=°•‚¬ð‹¬<£ J„¬C_È° Hindi films …Õ KÍ‹¬°ëO_Í"Œ_¨ ? act Did Kamala Hasan use to act in Hindi films then ? 4.. h=ô J„¬ C _È ° ã „ ¬ u L^Î † Ç ° O ¢ Q ÒO_£ … Õ exercise KÍ‹°¬ O ë _Í"Œ_•"Œ ? Did you use to take exercises in the ground every morning then ? 10. EXAMPLES 1. P"³° J„¬C_È° „¬ãuH›•ä›½ H›^ŠÎ•° „¬O„¬ô`Ç°O_Í^¥ ? Did she use to send stories to the magazines then ? KÍ‹°¬ Oë _Í"Œ_•"Œ ? "Œ~Œ ? Did you use to run a book shop once? 8. Did you use to work in a private college then ? g°~¡° XH›„¬C_È° book shop #_È°„¬ô`Ç°O_Í 2.

,
10.

g°~¡° J„¬C_È° Z䛽ø=Qê Mathematics Ì„á
ã‰×^Îœ KǶ„¬ô`Ç°O_Í"Œ~Œ?

Did you use to concentrate on
Mathematics then ?
11. h=ô J„¬ C _È ° leisure hours Z…ì

Q®_°È „¬ô`Ç°O_Í "Œ_•q ?

How did you use to spend your
leisure hours then ?
12.

g°~¡° J„¬C_È° ZH›ø_È x=tOKÍ"Œ~¡° ?

Where did you use to live then ?
13. g° father J„¬C_È° Uq° KÍ‹¬°ëO_Í"Œ~¡° ?
What did your father use to do then ?
14. g°~¡° J„¬C_È° ~ËAH÷ Zxß Q®O@•° =~Ÿø

KÍÀ‹"Œ~¡° ?

Howmay hours did you use to work
in a day then ?
15.

h=ô J„¬C_È° <³•ä›½ ZO`Ç ‹¬O‡•kOKÍ
"Œ_•q ?

Howmuch money did you use to earn
in a month then ?
16. g°~¡ ° J„¬ C _È ° Zä› ½ ø=Qê U subject

KÇk"Í"Œ~¡° ?

Which subject did you use to study
mostly then ?
17. Mr. Ramana g°ä›½ J„¬C_È° U subject
teach KÍ‹¬°ëO_Í"Œ~¡° ?
Which subject did Mr. Ramana use
to teach you then ?
18. J`Ç_È° J„¬C_È° q°=òà•#° sports …Õ

Z…ì ‡ã é`Ç•‚²ì‹¬°Oë _Í"Œ_È° ?

How did he use to encourage you in
the sports then ?

19. J„¬C_È° g° "Œ¼‡•~¡O Z=~¡°
KǶ‹¬°ä›½O@°O_Í"Œ~¡° ?
20.

Who used to lookafter your business
then ?
h=ô J„¬C_È° Z=i`Ë Z䛽ø=Qê close Qê
move J=ô`Ç°O_Í"Œ_•q ?
With whom did you use to move very
close then ?

: 94406 16425
EXERCISE

D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•.
1. h=ô z#ß„¬C_È° P@•° ƒìQê P_È°`Ç°O_Í
"Œ_•"Œ ?
2. g°~¡° J„¬C_È° ï~Q®°¼•~ŸQê frieds x meet
J†Í°¼"Œ~Œ ?
3. g° father J„¬ C _È ° hä› ½ ‹¬ • ‚¬ ð •°
W‹¬°ëO_Í"Œ~Œ ?
4. P"³° WO`Ç䛽 =°òO^ΰ English poems
compose KÍ‹¬°ëO_Í^¥ ?
5. "Œ~¡ ° XH› „ ¬ C _È ° quiz programmes
x~¡Þ‚²ì‹¬°ëO_Í"Œ~Œ ?
6. h=ô J„¬ C _È ° g° uncle WO\ÕÁ
LO@°O_Í"Œ_•"Œ ?
7. g° aunt J„¬ C _È ° dance school
x~¡Þ‚²ì‹¬°ëO_Í^¥ ?
8. g°~¡° WO`Ç䛽=òO^ΰ Uq°KÍ‹¬°ëO_Í"Œ~¡°?
9. P"³° J„¬C_È° „²•Á•#°Z…ì ‘é+²‹¬°ëO_Ík ?
10. "Œ~¡° WO`Ç䛽 =òO^ΰ P WO\÷H÷ ZO`Ç
J^³í K³eÁO‹¬°ëO_Í"Œ~¡° ?
11. g° brother J„¬C_È° <³•ä›½ ZO`Ç salary
draw KÍ‹¬°ëO_Í"Œ_È° ?
12. 90's …Õ =°# ãH÷ïH\˜ \©"£°#° Z=~¡° lead
KÍ‹¬°ëO_Í"Œ~¡° ?
13. D ‡Ú•O…Õ g°~¡° WO`Ç䛽 =òO^ΰ U
„¬O@ „¬O_•OKÍ"Œ~¡° ?
14. h=ô J„¬C_È° English Grammar 䛽
Z䛽ø=Qê U book refer KÍ‹°¬ Oë _Í"Œ_•q?
15. h=ô student Qê L#ß„¬C_È° g° father h䛽
<³•ä›½ ZO`Ç money „¬O„¬ô`Ç°O_Í"Œ~¡° ?

Pride goes before a fall.

Z
114

12 DAY
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: 94406 16425

NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM
XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~¡°•`Ë =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß„¬C_È° Q®`ÇO…Õ J•"Œ@° …èH› ï~Q®°¼•~ŸQê
KÍ‹¬°ëO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò.

h=ô XH›„¬C_È° J‹¬•° films KǶ‹À "Œ_•q Hê^¥ ?
g°~¡° J„¬C_È° D festival celebrate KÍ‹¬°ä›½<Í"Œ~¡° Hê^¥ ?
h=ô J„¬C_È° J‹¬•° #=••° KÇk"Í"Œ_•q Hê^¥?
"Œ~¡° g°ä›½ J„¬C_È° salary ‹¬iQê pay KÍÀ‹"Œ~¡° Hê^¥ ?

J
J
J
J

Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`ÇO…Õ ï~Q®°¼•~Ÿ Qê KÍ‹¬¶ëO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°
KÇ°#ßq.

D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õ =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ J•"Œ@° …èH,› W+¬O“ …èH› ~ï Q®°¼•~ŸQê KÍ‹°¬ Oë _Èx XH› „¬xx
Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽
"Didn't + use to + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.
*

Note :

"ŒH›¼=ò…Õx

Subject Singular, Plural

U^³á##° 'Didn't + use to' =KÇ°ó#°.

EXAMPLES
1. h=ô school days …Õ J‹¬ • °
P_Í"Œ_•qHê^¥?
2.

games

Didn't you use to play games in your
school days?
g°~¡° J„¬C_È° answers by heart KÍÀ‹"Œ~¡°

Hê^¥?

Didn't you use to byheart the answers
then ?

3. J`Ç_È° J„¬C_È° ‹¬iQê „¬xKÍÀ‹"Œ_È°Hê^¥?
Didn't he use to work properly then ?

4. P"³° J„¬C_È° Z=i`Ë#¶ =¶\ìÁ_ÍkHê^¥?
5.

6.

Didn't she use to talk to anyone then?
"Œ~¡ ° J„¬ C _È ° D „¬ O _È ° Q® celebrate

KÍÀ‹"Œ~¡°Hê^¥?

Didn't they use to celebrate this festival
then ?
h=ô J„¬C_È° movies KǶ‹À "Œ_•qHê^¥?
Didn't you use to see movies then ?

115

7. g°~¡° J„¬C_È°
Hê^¥?

classes miss

J†Í°¼"Œ~¡°

Didn't you use to miss the classes
then?

8. J`Ç_È° J„¬C_È° studies Ì„á
KÍÀ‹"Œ_È°Hê^¥?

concentrate

Didn't he use to concentrate on studies
then ?

9. "Œ~¡° J„¬C_È° regular Qê
KÍÀ‹"Œ~¡°Hê^¥?

taxes pay

Didn't they use to pay taxes regularly
then ?

10. h=ô J„¬ C _È ° college H÷
"³ˆ"¤õ Œ_•qHê^¥?

regular

Didn't you use to go to college regularly
then?

,

: 94406 16425

'Wh' QUESTIONS

EXERCISE

11. g°~¡ ° J„¬ C _È ° language classes H÷
ZO^ΰ䛽 attend J†Í°¼"Œ~¡°Hê^ΰ?

D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•.

Why didn't you use to attend language
classes then?
h=ô J„¬C_È° ZO^ΰ䛽 guides follow J†Í°¼

1. h=ô J„¬C_È° answers byheart KÍ‹À "Œ_•q
Hê^¥ ?
2. g°~¡° J„¬C_È° D game P_Í"Œ~¡°Hê^¥?
3. J`Ç_È° J„¬C_È° law practise KÍ‹¬°ëO_Í"Œ_È°
Hê^¥ ?
4. P"³° J„¬C_È° gold ornaments ^•ÎiOKÍk
Hê^¥ ?
5. "Œ~¡° J„¬C_È° "Œ¼‡•~¡O…Õ ƒ•ìs „
Ì @°“|_È°•°
Ì„>è“ "Œ~¡°Hê^¥?
6. h=ô J„¬C_È° Z=iÌ„<á Œ P^•¥~¡„_
¬ Í "Œ_•q
Hê^¥ ?
7. g°~¡° J„¬C_È° taxies …Õ „
ã †
¬ ¶
Ç }O KÍ‹
À "Œ~¡°
Hê^¥ ?
8. P†Ç°# J„¬C_È° U q+¬†°Ç =ü „¬\O“÷ Kǰ䛽<Í
"Œ_È°Hê^¥ ?
9. P"³° XH›„¬C_È° modern dresses ^•ÎiOKÍk
Hê^¥ ?
10. "Œ~¡° XH›„¬C_È° non-veg. f‹¬°ä›½<Í "Œ~¡°
Hê^¥ ?
11. h=ô J„¬C_È° ~ï Q®°¼•~ŸQê college H÷ ZO^ΰ䛽
"³ˆ"¤õ Œ_•qHê^ΰ ?
12. g°~¡ ° J„¬ C _È ° traffic rules ZO^Î ° ä› ½
‡•\÷OKÍ"Œ~¡°Hê^ΰ ?
13. P"³° J„¬C_È° g° WO\ÕÁ ZO^ΰ䛽 LO_Ík
Hê^ΰ ?
14. "Œ~¡° XH›„¬C_È° life #° ZO^ΰ䛽 enjoy
KÍÀ‹"Œ~¡°Hê^ΰ ?
15. h=ô z#ß`Ç#O…Õ g° father =¶@ ZO^ΰ䛽
q<Í"Œ_•qHê^ΰ ?

12.

"Œ_•qHê^ΰ?

Why didn't you use to follow guides
then?

13. J`Ç_È° J„¬C_È° ZO^ΰ䛽 g° =¶@ q<Í"Œ_È°
Hê^ΰ?
Why didn't he use to listen to your
words then?

14. P"³° J„¬C_È° ZO^ΰ䛽 ZH›ø_•H© "³ˆ¤k
õ Hê^ΰ?
Why didn't she use to go anywhere
then?

15. "Œ~¡ ° J„¬ C _È ° ZO^Î ° ä› ½ „¬ O _È ° Q® • °
[iÀ„"Œ~¡°Hê^ΰ?
16.

17.

Why didn't they use to celebrate
festivals then?
h=ô college ~ËA•…Õ seminors …Õ

ZO^ΰ䛽 ‡•…ç¾<"Í Œ_•qHê^ΰ?

Why didn't you use to participate in
the seminors in your college days?
g°~¡ ° J„¬ C _È ° ZO^Î ° ä› ½ regular Qê
accounts maintain KÍÀ‹"Œ~¡°Hê^ΰ?
Why didn't you use to maintain
accounts regularly then?

18. P"³° J„¬C_È° =°# WO\ÕÁ ZO^ΰ䛽 LO_Ík
Hê^ΰ?
19.
20.

Why didn't she use to stay in our house
then?
"Œ~¡° J„¬C_È° ZO^ΰ䛽 loans f‹¬°ä›½<Í

"Œ~¡°Hê^ΰ?

Why didn't they use to take loans then?
h=ô XH›„¬C_È° ZO^ΰ䛽 money save

KÍ‹À "Œ_•qHê^ΰ?

Why didn't you use to save money
once ?

Z

Arise, awake and stop not till the goal is reached.

116

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: 94406 16425

REVISION
What have we learnt today ?

=°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ?
=°#=ò D~ËA =°# Spoken English Course …Õ "Used to + I form of the Verb"
J#° structure Q®°iOz <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. nxx grammar …Õ Anomalous Verb JO\ì~¡°. nx…Õ
1. Positive Form 2. Negative Form 3. Question Form 4. Negative Question Form J#° 4
parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. D 4 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò.
1.

POSITIVE FORM :

Q®`OÇ …Õ HùO`ÇHê•O ~ï Q®°¼•~ŸQê …èH› J•"Œ@°Qê „¬^„
Í ^
¬ Í KÍ‹¶
¬ Oë _•# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz
‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Used to + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°.
Ex :

1. I used to write letters to the foreigners then.
2. We used to help one another in our college days.
3. She used to teach us Hindi in our school days.

2.

NEGATIVE FORM :

Q®`ÇO…Õ HùO`ÇHê•OQê ï~Q®°¼•~ŸQê Qêx, J•"Œ@°…èH› Qêx =°#=ò K͆ǰx XH› „¬xx
Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Didnot + use to + I form of the Verb " L„¬†¶
³ yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.
Ex :

1. I did not use to go to library in my school days.
2. We did not use to miss the classes then.
3. He did not use to work hard once.

3.

QUESTION FORM :

Q®`OÇ …Õ HùO`ÇHê•=ò ~ï Q®°¼•~ŸQê Qêh, J•"Œ@°Qê Qêh KÍ‹°¬ Oë _³_• XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz
ã „ ¬ t ß O KÇ ° @#° ‹¬ ¶ zOKÇ ° @ä› ½ "Did + use to + I form of the Verb "
L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.
Ex :

1. Did you use to play games in your school days?
2. Did he use to stay with you in those days?
3. Did they use to celebrate every festival grandly then ?

4.

NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM :

Q®`OÇ …Õx HùO`Ç Hê•O J•"Œ@° …èH› ~ï Q®°¼•~ŸQê KÍ‹°¬ Oë _Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative
sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Didn't+use to + I form of Verb "
L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.
Ex :

1. Didn't you use to attend the classes regularly at school ?
2. Didn't he use to pay rent regularly then ?
3. Didn't they use to maintain the accounts regularly once ?

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D ~ËA Hùxß verbs, "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O.
I Form

II Form

III Form

221. dictate

dictated

dictated

222. die

died

died

223. differ

differed

differed

224. digest

digest

digest

225. dilute

dilute

dilute

226. diminish

diminished

diminished

227. dine

dined

dined

227. dip

dipped

dipped

228. direct

directed

directed

229. discover

discovered

discovered

230. dismiss

dismissed

dismissed

231. diosperse

dispersed

dispersed

232. dispute

disputed

disputed

233. distribute

disributed

disributed

234. disturb

disturbed

disturbed

235. divert

diverted

diverted

236. divide

divided

divided

237. dominate

dominated

dominated

238. drag

dragged

dragged

239. drown

drowned

drowned

240. ebb

ebbed

ebbed

D ~ËA

Meaning

K³„²æ ã"Œ~òOKÇ°@
KÇx‡é=ô@
"Í~°¡ Ja•ã‡•†Ç°=ò
H›ey†ÇòO_È°@
r~¡â=òK͆Çò@
h~¡°H›e„² „¬•°KÇ#K͆Çò
`Çy¾OKÇ°@
ƒ•Õ[#=òK͆òÇ @
=ò#°Q®°@
^¥iKǶ„¬ô@
H›#°Qù#°@
`ù•yOKÇ°@
K³ki‡é=ô@
`ÇQ®°=ô…ì_È°@
„¬OzÌ„@°“@
P@OH›„¬~¡KÇ°@
=°eÁOKÇ°@
„¬OzÌ„@°“@
Jk•Hê~¡=ò
KÍ…ì~òOKÇ°
D_È°ó@, …ìQ®°@
h\÷…Õ =òxy‡é=ô@
WOH÷‡é=ô@

…Õx Positive Form, Negative Form, Question Form,
Negative Question Form ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i
D 4 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•.
Spoken English lesson

Z
118

A little learning is a dangerous thing.

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POSSESSIONS -PRESENT
=°#=ò H›ey†Çò#ß "Œ\÷x Possessives JO^ΰ~¡°.
XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO =°#O …è^¥ "Íï~=ï~á<Œ H›ey†Çò#ß "Œ\÷ Q®°iOz
‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò.

<Œä›½ D ~ËA urgent work =ô#ßk.
J`ÇxH÷ ㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç=ò =°Oz income =ô#ßk.

J
J

J
J

=¶ä›½ D <³•…Õ public exams =ô#ßq.
P"³°ä›½ XH› gold necklace =ô#ßk.

D "ŒH›¼=ò•° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO =°#O …è^¥ "Íï~=ï~á<Œ H›ey†Çò#ß "Œ\÷ Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq.

D q^•Î=òQê „ã ‹¬ °¬ `ë OÇ =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò# J#Qê D ~ËA, D "Œ~¡O, D <³•, D
‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O, „ã ‹¬ °¬ `ë OÇ =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ H›ey†Çò#ß@°=O\÷ "Œ\÷ Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽
"Have / Has"
L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.
*

Note :

"ŒH›¼=ò…Õ

I, We, You, They - Subject Qê

=ô#ß„¬ô_È° 'have' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.
He, She, It - Subject Qê =ô#ß„¬ô_È° 'has' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.

EXAMPLES
1. <Œä›½ D ~ËA WO@~¡¶Þ¼ L#ßk.

6. <Œä›½ W^Îí~¡° sisters L<Œß~¡°.

I have an interview today.

2. =¶ä›½ D "Œ~¡O

English test

I have two sisters.

=ô#ßk.

7. =¶ä›½ WO\ÕÁ Jxß facilities =ô<Œß~ò.

We have English test this week.

3. =¶ brother 䛽 government Job =ô#ßk.
My brother has a govt. Job.

We have all facilities in our house.

8.

Sachin Tendulkar

䛽 batting …Õ =°Oz

skill =ô#ßk.

4. =¶ sister 䛽 college …Õ =°Oz friends
L<Œß~¡°.

Sachin Tendulkar has good skill in

My sister has good friends in the

9. =¶ cousin H÷ =°Oz knowledge =ô#ßk.

college.

5. "ŒiH÷ D
=ô#ßk.

My cousin has good knowledge.
town

…Õ =°Oz „¬•°ä›½|_•

They have good influence in this town.
119

batting.

10. "ŒiH÷ D
=ô#ßk.

town

…Õ =°Oz

property

They have good property in this town.

,

11. =¶

H÷ teaching …Õ =°Oz
experience =ô#ßk.
uncle

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EXERCISE

D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•.

My uncle has good experience in
teaching.

12. =¶ä›½ D "Œ~¡O
=ô#ßk.

office

…Õ

inspection

1. <Œä›½ W„¬C_È° English class =ô#ßk.
2. =¶ä›½ Hê…èl…Õ Ì„^Îí …ÿáã|s =ô#ßk.

We have inspection in our office this
week.

13. =¶ä›½ D work …Õ KŒ…ì risk =ô#ßk.
We have much risk in this work.

14. "ŒiH÷ D ~ËA town …Õ meeting =ô#ßk.
They have a meeting in the town today.

15. <Œä›½ D ~ËA 1020 temperature =ô#ßk.
I have a temperature of 1020 today.

16. =¶ä›½ D <³•…Õ public „¬sH›Æ•° =ô#ßq.
We have public examinations this
month.

3. J`ÇxH÷ driving licence =ô#ßk.
4. P"³°ä›½ =°Oz qualifications =ô#ßq.
5. "ŒiH÷ Ti…Õ lands =ô#ßq.
6. Jq°`Œƒ˜|KÇó<£ä›½ =°Oz Ja•=¶#°•°
=ô<Œß~¡°.
7. =¶ä› ½ D town …Õ KŒ…ì =°Ok
|O^•Î°=ô•° =ô<Œß~°¡ .
8. =¶ Hê•h…Õ ã „ ¬ ‹ ¬ ° ë ` Ç O =¶ä› ½
problem =ô#ßk.

water

9. "ŒiH÷ W„¬C_È° Ì‹•=ô•° =ô<Œß~ò.

17. =¶ brother H÷ =°Oz income =ô#ßk.
My brother has good income.

18. P"³°ä›½ WO\ÕÁ =°Oz ‡ã é`Œ•‚¬ì=ò =ô#ßk.
She has good encouragement in her
house.

19. <Œä›½ D ~ËA P„¦Ô‹¬°…Õ
=ô#ßk.

heavy work

I have heavy work in the office today.

20. =¶ä›½ D ª•i KŒ…ì
=ô<Œß~ò.

opportunities

We have many opportunities this time.

10. HêOãQï ‹¹H÷ ‡•~¡"
Á °³ O@°…Õ =°Oz "³°*ìi\©
=ô#ßk.
11. W„¬C_È° <Œ^ÎQ®¾~¡ ~¡¶. 2000 =ô#ßq.
12. =¶ WO\ÕÁ =¶ä›½ internet facility =ô#ßk.
13. <Œ ^ÎQ®¾~¡ Oxford Dictionary =ô#ßk.
14. <Œä›½ D~ËA „¬îië rest =ô#ßk.
15. "ŒiH÷ WO\ÕÁ KŒ…ì=°Ok
=ô<Œß~¡°.

servants

Z

What cannot be cured must be endured.

120

PRESENT - NEGATIVE FORM

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NEGATIVE FORM
XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò „
ã ‹
¬ °¬ `ë =
Ç ò =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò# H›ey†ÇòO_Èx "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz
‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò.

"ŒiH÷ J‹¬•° principles LO_È=ô.
=¶ brother H÷ ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO U income …è^ΰ.

J
J

J
J

=¶ä›½ D "Œ~¡O school …Õ tests …è=ô.
P"³°ä›½ J‹¬•° friends …è~¡°.

Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO XH›~¡° H›ey†ÇòO_Èx "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq.

D q^•Î=òQê „ã ‹¬ °¬ `ë =Ç ò =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò# D ~ËA, D "Œ~¡O, D <³•, D
‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ H›ey†ÇòO_Èx "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽
"Donot / Does not + have " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°.
*

Note :

"ŒH›¼=ò…Õ
Qê L#ß„¬C_È° "do not have"
Subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° "does not have" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.

I, We, You, They –> Subject
He, She, It –>

EXAMPLES
1. <Œä›½ D ~ËA office …Õ work …è^ΰ.
I don't have work in the office today.

2. =¶ä›½ D ~ËA English class …è^ΰ.
We don't have English class today.

3. h䛽 J‹¬•° commonsense …è^ΰ.
You don't have common sense at all.

4. J`ÇxH÷ D ~ËA duty …è^ΰ.
He doesn't have duty today.

5. P"³°ä›½ WH›ø_È J‹¬•° friends …è~¡°.
She doesn't have friends here at all.

7. <Œ ^ÎQ®¾~¡ W„¬C_È° _È|°Ä …è^ΰ.
I don't have money with me now.

8. =¶ TiH÷ bus facility …è^ΰ.
We don't have bus facility to our village.

9. =¶ brother H÷ driving licence …è^ΰ.
My brother doesn't have the driving
licence.

10. =¶ä›½ J‹¬•° property …è^ΰ.
We don't have property at all.

11. "ŒiH÷ J‹¬•° ‹¬=°‹¬¼•° LO_È=ô.
They don't have problems at all.

6. "ŒiH÷ „²•Á•° …è~¡°.
They don't have children.
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EXERCISE

12. <Œä›½ J‹¬•° leisure LO_È^ΰ.

D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•.

I don't have leisure at all.

13. =¶ä›½ Hê…èl…Õ J‹¬•° …ÿáã|s …è^ΰ.
We don't have library in our college.

14. J`ÇxH÷ J‹¬•° L^˼Q® J=Hê‰×=ò•° …è=ô.
He doesn't have job opportunities at
all.

1. <Œ ^ÎQ®¾~¡ text books …è=ô.
2. =¶ä›½ D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O inspection …è^ΰ.
3. g°ä›½ D ~ËA meeting …è^ΰ.
4. =¶ brother H÷ govt. job …è^ΰ.

15. P"³°ä›½ J‹¬•° WO\ÕÁ ‹
À ÞKÇ•ó …è^°Î .

5. P"³°H÷ WO\ÕÁ J‹¬•° encouragement …è^°Î .

She doesn't have freedom in her

6. "ŒiH÷ own house …è^ΰ.

house at all.

16. J`ÇxH÷ ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO J‹¬•° U P^¥†Ç°O …è^ΰ.
He doesn't have any income at
present.

7. <Œä›½ J‹¬•° job …Õ risk …è^ΰ.
8. =¶ä›½ J‹¬•° transfer LO_È^ΰ.
9. J`ÇxH÷ J‹¬•° common sense …è^ΰ.

17. KŒ…ì =°Ok ƒ•ì~¡ f †Ç ò •ä› ½ WOHê
u<ÍO^ΰ䛽 uO_•…è^°Î .
Many Indians still don't have food to

10. P"³°ä›½ J‹¬•°
…è^ΰ.

eat.

11. "ŒiH÷ J‹¬•° H›$`Ç[ý`Ç …è^ΰ.

They don't have houses to live in.

19. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO =¶ä›½ Ì‹•=ô•° …è=ô.
We don't have holidays at present.
business

…Õ

…Õ

knowledge

12. <Œä›½ J‹¬•° business …Õ profit …è^ΰ.

18. "ŒiH÷ LO_ÍO^ΰ䛽 Wˆ×ä…è=ô.

20. J`ÇxH÷ J‹¬•°
…è^ΰ.

English

experience

13. =¶ä›½ D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O bonus …è^ΰ.
14. ~Œ‚¬•…˜ QêOn•H÷ J‹¬•° ~Œ[H©†Ç°OQê
experience …è^ΰ.
15. =¶ä›½ ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO WH›ø_È U ‹¬=°‹¬¼…è^ΰ.

He doesn't have experience in
business.

Z
Self help is the best help.

122

PRESENT - QUESTION FORM

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QUESTION FORM
XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò „
ã ‹
¬ °¬ `ë =
Ç ò XH›~°¡ H›ey†Çò#ß"Œ\÷x Q®°iOz „
ã t
¬ ßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò.

D ~ËA WH›ø_È h䛽 work =ô#ß^¥?
D"Œ~¡O g°ä›½ Ì‹•=ô•° =ô<Œß†Ç¶?

J
J

J
J

W„¬C_È° h ^ÎQ®¾~¡ money =ô#ß^¥?
J`ÇxH÷ government job =ô#ß^¥?


Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° =°#=ò „
ã ‹
¬ °¬ `ë =
Ç ò H›ey†Çò#ß"Œ\÷x Q®°iOz „
ã t
¬ ßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq.

D q^•Î=òQê =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò# W„¬C_È°, D ~ËA, „ã ‹¬ °¬ `ë OÇ , D"Œ~¡O, D<³•,
D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ H›ey†Çò#ß@°=O\÷ "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz „ã t¬ ßOKÇ°@䛽
" Do / Does + have" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.
*

Note :

"ŒH›¼=ò…Õ

I, We, You, They - subject Qê
He, She, It - subject Qê

=ô#ß„¬ô_È° ' Do +

=ô#ß„¬ô_È° ' Does +

have'

have'

=KÇ°ó#°.

=KÇ°ó#°.

EXAMPLES
1. h䛽 D~ËA English class =ô#ß^¥?
Do you have English class today?

2. g°ä›½ D "Œ~¡O screening test =ô#ß^¥?
Do you have screening test this week?

3. h䛽 brothers =ô<Œß~Œ?
Do you have brothers?

4. g°ä›½ ㄬu Pk"Œ~¡O Ì‹•=ô =ôO@°O^¥?
Do you have a holiday every Sunday?

5. g° brother H÷ vehicle =ô#ß^¥?
Does your brother have a vehicle ?

6. g° WO\ÕÁ g°ä›½ Jxß =‹¬`°Ç •¶ =ô<Œß†¶
Ç ?
Do you have all facilities in your house?
123

7. P"³°ä›½ English …Õ =°Oz
=ô#ß^¥?

knowledge

Does she have good knowledge in
English?

8. "ŒiH÷ D
=ô#ß^¥?

town

…Õ =°Oz

influence

Do they have good influence in this
town?

9. g° father H÷ WOHê KŒ…ì
=ô#ß^¥?

years service

Does your father have still many year
service ?

10. P"³°ä›½ gold ornaments =ô<Œß†Ç¶?
Does she have gold ornaments?

1. W„¬C_È° h ^ÎQ®¾~¡ ZO`Ç money =ô#ßk? Howmuch moeny do you have now? 19. h䛽 ª•^•¥~¡}OQê =ôO@°Ok ? leisure Z„¬ C _È ° When do you usually have leisure? 12. J`Ç_È° ZO^ΰ䛽 Z•Á„¬C_È° W`Ç~¡°•`Ë `ÇQê^¥ H›ey=ôO\ì_È° ? 13. ZO^ΰ䛽 h=ô J#=‹¬~¡OQê †ÇòO\ì=ô ? : 94406 16425 subjects 3. g°ä›½ own house ZH›ø_È =ô#ßk? Where do you have own house? 20. P"³°ä›½ …Õ Zxß ‹¬O=`Ç•~Œ• experience =ô#ßk ? teaching Howmany years experience does she have in teaching? 18. h ^ÎQ®¾~¡ Physics text book L#ß^¥ ? 10. D ~ËA L#ßk? Howmany children do they have? Haste leads to waste. g° inspection H÷ business …Õ =°Oz experience L#ß^¥ ? brother 4. EXERCISE 'Wh' QUESTIONS 11. "ŒiH÷ ZO`Ç=°Ok „²•Á•° =ô<Œß~¡°? 7. Jr. h䛽 ZO`Ç=°Ok sisters =ô<Œß~¡° ? risk H›ey Why do you have risk unnecessarily? 14. Inter students H÷ U test Z 124 .. g°ä›½ D <³•…Õ public exams L<Œß†Ç¶? 8. g°ä›½ ㄬu ~ËA duty LO@°O^¥ ? 2. P"³ ° ä› ½ college …Õ =°Oz L<Œß~Œ ? friends Howmany subjects do you have this 5. h䛽 W„¬C_È° WH›ø_È U"³°Ø<Œ work L#ß^¥? 15. "ŒiH÷ D town …Õ relations L<Œß~Œ ? 9. J`ÇxH÷ ~ËAH÷ Zxß hours duty =ôO@°Ok? Howmany hour duty does he have in a day? 16. "ŒiH÷ ‹¬ÞO`Ç house L#ß^¥ ? year ? 6. J`ÇxH÷ <³•H÷ ZO`Ç P^¥†Ç°O LO@°Ok? Howmuch income does he have in a month ? 17. g°ä›½ D ~ËA Ì‹•=ô ZO^ΰ䛽 L#ßk ? 15. g°ä› ½ ã „ ¬ u ‹¬ O =`Ç • ~¡ O LO@°O^¥? Howmany sisters do you have? 13. g°ä›½ D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O Zxß =ô<Œß~ò? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. g°ä›½ college …Õ ~ËAH÷ Zxß LO\ì~ò ? classes 12. g° #•°Q®°i…Õ Z=iH÷ D ~ËA L#ßk ? duty 14. D ~ËA ª•†Ç°Oã`ÇO g°ä›½ L#ß^¥ ? meeting 11.

h ^ÎQ®¾~¡ W„¬C_È° money …è^¥? Don't you have money with you now? 10. „ã ‹¬ °¬ `ë OÇ XH›~°¡ H›ey†ÇòO_Èx "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Don't / Doesn't + have " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. We. I. He. P"³°H÷ WH›ø_È U problem …è^¥? Doesn't she have any problem here? 7. h䛽 sisters …è~Œ? Don't you have sisters? 2. g°ä›½ D <³•…Õ J‹¬•° Ì‹•=ô•°…è"Œ? Don't you have holidays this month? 5. They . J`Ç x H÷ D ~ËA Uq° work …è ^ ¥? Doesn't he have any work today? 6.Subject EXAMPLES 1. You.Subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° "Doesn't have" =KÇ°ó#°. D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡=ò. She. "ŒiH÷ J‹¬•° property …è^¥? Don't they have property at all? 125 8. h ^ÎQ®¾~¡ W„¬C_È° money …è^¥? J`ÇxH÷ ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO L^˼Q®O …è^¥? J J J J g°ä›½ ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO Ì‹•=ô•° …è"Œ ? "ŒiH÷ ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO P^¥†Ç°O …è^¥? Ì „ á "ŒH› ¼ =ò•° ã „ ¬ ‹ ¬ ° ë ` Ç O XH› ~ ¡ ° H› e y†Ç ò O_È x "Œ\÷ x Q® ° iOz ã „ ¬ t ß O KÇ ° @#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. D<³•. g° Ti…Õ internet ªÏH›~¡¼O …è^¥? Don't you have internet facility in your village? 11. h䛽 J‹¬•° common sense …è^¥? Don't you have common sense at all? 4. g° brother H÷ …è^¥? teaching …Õ experience Doesn't your brother have experience in teaching? . D q^•Î=òQê ㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç=ò =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò# J#Qê D~ËA. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë OÇ XH›~°¡ H›ey †ÇòO_Èx "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. h䛽 ‹¬ï~á# guidance …è^¥? Don't you have proper guidance? 12.. g°ä›½ D~ËA computer class …è^¥? Don't you have computer class today? 3. "ŒiH÷ „²•Á•° …è~Œ? Don't they have children? 9. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ Qê L#ß„¬C_È° "Don't have" =KÇ°ó#°. It .

J`ÇxH÷ ZO^ΰ䛽 ^•³~á ¼¡ O …è^°Î ? 14. h䛽 D ~ËA duty ZO^ΰ䛽…è^ΰ? Why don't you have duty today? 15. "ŒiH÷ J‹¬•° ‡Ú•O#䛽 …è^¥? water supply 9. 'Wh' QUESTIONS 13. J`ÇxH÷ job ZO^ΰ䛽 …è^ΰ? Why doesn't he have a job? 22. J`ÇxH÷ J‹¬•° …è^¥? business …Õ experience 7. =°#䛽 Dª•i election duty …è^¥? 11. g° town …Õ „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë OÇ water problem …è^¥? 3. Why don't you have classes today? 14. h ^ÎQ®¾~¡ English Text Book …è^¥? 2. J`ÇxH÷ P post 䛽 eligibility ZO^ΰ䛽…è^°Î ? Why doesn't he have eligibility for that post ? 17.. h䛽 W„¬C_È° work ZO^ΰ䛽…è^ΰ? Why don't you have work now? 20. g° =°^•Î¼ unity ZO^ΰ䛽…è^ΰ? Why don't you have unity among you? 16. J`ÇxH÷ regular income …è^¥? 5. "ŒiH÷ J‹¬ • ° LO_È^ΰ? Sunday work ZO^Î ° ä› ½ Why don't they have leisure at all? Z A good teacher is worth one thousand priests. "ŒiH÷ „²•Á•° ZO^ΰ䛽 …è~¡°? 13. h ^ÎQ®¾~¡ driving licence ZO^ΰ䛽 …è^ΰ? 12. "ŒiH÷ D Ti…Õ own house …è^¥? 6. 126 . P"³°H÷ J‹¬•° …è^¥? science …Õ knowledge 8. J`ÇxH÷ ZO^ΰ䛽 =°Oz qualities …è=ô? 15. g°ä›½ D ~ËA classes ZO^ΰ䛽…è=ô? : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. "ŒiH÷ D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O profits ZO^ΰ䛽…è=ô? Why don't they have profits this year? 21. <Œä›½ Dª•i J=Hê‰×O …è^¥? 10. J`ÇxH÷ ‹¬i†³Ø°# P^¥†Ç°O ZO^ΰ䛽…è^ΰ? Why doesn't he have sufficient income? 24. "ŒiH÷ J‹¬•° leisure ZO^ΰ䛽O_È^ΰ? 1. P"³°ä›½ brothers …è~Œ? 4. P"³°ä›½ g° co-operation ZO^ΰ䛽…è^ΰ? Why doesn't she have your cooperation? 23. "ŒiH÷ D …è=ô? festival H÷ Ì‹•=ô•° ZO^ΰ䛽 Why don't they have holidays for this festival? 19. P"³°ä›½ JH›ø_È ZO^ΰ䛽 freedom …è^ΰ? Why doesn't she have freedom there? 18.

Positive Form 2. Does she have a fever now? NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM : Vㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç=ò =°#=ò H›ey†ÇòO_Èx "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Don't / Doesn't have" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. Ex : 4. He has good experience in business. He doesn't have a job. NEGATIVE FORM : V„ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë = Ç ò =°#=ò H›ey†ÇòO_Èx "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "don't / doesn't have" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 4. nx…Õ =°#=ò 1. Ex : 2. 1. Ex : 3. We don't have any problem here. She has a gold necklace. 3. Don't you have rest at all? 2. I have good friends here. D 4 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò. Negative Question Form J#° 4 parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. Don't you have any work today? 2. Question Form 4. D ~ï O_•O\÷x grammar …Õ Anomalous Verbs JO\ì~¡°. 1. I don't have the driving licence. Ex : 127 1.. 2. Negative Form 3. QUESTION FORM : Vㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç=ò =°#=ò H›ey†Çò#ß@°=O\÷ "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Do / Does + have " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Do you have leisure today? 2. 3. : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? =°#=ò D~ËA =°# Spoken English Course …Õ 'Have / Has' • Q®°iOz <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. She doesn't have brothers. 1. 1. Do you have an interview this week? 3. Doesn't he have money with him now? . Does he have good income? 4. Doesn't she have classes today ? 3. 4. POSITIVE FORM : Vㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç=ò =°#=ò H›ey†Çò#ß@°=O\÷ "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Have / Has " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 2. We have a test today.

entertain entertained entertained 255. educate educated educated 242. eradicate eradicated eradicated 256. Question Form. engage engaged engaged 250. enjoy enjoyed enjoyed 251. elect elected elected 244. emigrate emigrated emigrated 246. Spoken English lesson Z 128 Power comes from sincere service. establish established established 259. I Form II Form III Form 241. encourage encouraged encouraged 249. enlarge enlarged enlarged 252. enclose enclosed enclosed 248. elaborate elaborated elaborated 243. exaggerate exaggerated exaggerated D ~ËA Meaning KÇ^ΰ=ô K³„²æOKÇ°@ q‹¬ëiO„¬K͆Çò@ Z#°ßHù#°@ „ ã † ² ò Ç x`Ë ‡•i‡é=ô@ =•‹¬‡é=ô@ <ùH÷øK³„¬C@ [`ÇK͆Çò@ ‡ã é`Ç•‚²ìOKÇ°@ x=°Q®ß"³°Ø†ÇòO_È°@ J#°ƒ•’qOKÇ°@ q‹¬ëiO„¬*è†Çò@ *ìa`Œ…Õ À„~¡°KÍ~¡°ó@ ㄬ"ÍtOKÇ°@ q<Ë^΄¬~¡KÇ°@ ~¡¶„¬ô=¶„¬ô@ `Ç„²æOKÇ°Hù#°@ `Ë_È°Qê "³ˆ×ä@ ª•Ö„O² KÇ°@ q•°= x~¡â~òOKÇ°@ Ju‰×†³¶H÷ëQê K³„¬C@ …Õx Positive Form. emphasize emphasized emphasized 247. Negative Question Form ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 4 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. elope eloped eloped 245. Negative Form. enroll enrolled enrolled 253. escape escaped escaped 257. estimate estimated estimated 260.. enter entered entered 254. "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O. : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs. escort escorted escorted 258. .

5000 with me yesterday. They had 100 acres land once. J "ŒiH÷ XH›„¬C_È° =°Oz property =ôO_•#k. interview I had an interview in Chennai last Sunday. Q®`"Ç Œ~¡O. =¶ä›½ x#ß P„¦Ô‹¬°…Õ KŒ…ì work =ôO_•#k. 4 stable We had a stable government at centre once. =¶ä› ½ x#ß LO_•#k. office …Õ heavy work We had heavy work in office yesterday. 8. government job My cousin had a govt. x#ß <Œ^ÎQ~¾® ¡ ~¡¶. 5. <Œä›½ x#ß LO_•#k. Q®`<Ç •³ .PAST XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~°¡ H›ey†ÇòO_•# "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. 5000 LO_•#q. P"³°ä›½ ~Œãu KŒ…ì [Þ~¡=ò LO_•#k. popularity N. She had a high fever last night. : 94406 16425 POSSESSIONS . J J D "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~°¡ H›ey†ÇòO_•# "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq.R. I had Rs.Singular. EXAMPLES 1. XH›„C¬ _È° "ŒiH÷ 100 acres land LO_•#k. We had public examinations last month. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› Q®`OÇ …Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³#á #° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ H›ey †ÇòO_•# "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 'Had' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. 10. 2. last Sunday =ôO_•#k. 500 LO_•#q. 3. J <Œ^ÎQ~ ¾® ¡ x#ß ~¡¶. Journey …Õ =°Oz H›OÌ„h I had a good company on my journey yesterday. N. . D q^•ÎOQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ J#Qê x#ß.T.. had a good popularity then.T. <Œä›½ K³<³áß…Õ Last month LO_•#q. =°#ä› ½ XH› „ ¬ C _È ° ö H Oã ^ Î O …Õ government LO_Ík. H÷ J„¬ C _È ° =°Oz LO_•#k. =¶ä›½ x#ß ‹Ì •=ô LO_•#k.R. 6. job then. 129 7. =¶ä› ½ public exams =¶ cousin H÷ J„¬C_È° LO_•#k. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ Subject . 9. Plural U^³á##¶ 'had' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.

K. J`ÇxH›„C¬ _È° =°Oz P^¥†Ç°O LO_•#k. =¶ä›½ last week u~¡°=°•…Õ =°Oz ^Î~Å¡ #=ò •a•Oz#k. =¶ä›½ last month WH›ø_È heavy rains LO_•#q. ~Œr"£ Hê•O…Õ HêOãQï ‹¹ ‡•s“H÷ =°Oz support LO_•#k. a. 6. 2. =¶ä›½ x#ß office …Õ XH› urgent meeting LO_•#k. 1. "ŒiH÷ last week Hyderabad …Õ training classes LO_•#q. support LO_•#k. He had good income then.. 14.ÿ „. Last year business profits …Õ "ŒiH÷ =°Oz LO_•#q. 4. "ŒiH÷ last year =°Oz harvest („¬O@) LO_•#k. 11. 9. Too many cooks spoil the broth. : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 13. P"³°H÷ J„¬C_È° KŒ…ì ornaments LO_•#q. 3. They had good profits in their business 10. We had good spin bowlers in our Indian team once. 20. 15. The B. 5. We had good unity among us once. J`ÇxH›„C¬ _È° KŒ…ì ‹¬=°‹¬¼•° LO_•#q. had the support of D. 18.†°Ç O.J. 8. =¶ =°^•Î¼ XH›„C¬ _È° =°Oz unity LO_Ík. =°# WO_•†Ç°<£ \©O…Õ =°#䛽 XH›„C¬ _È° =°Oz spin bowlers LO_Í"Œ~¡°. 12. "ŒiH÷ J„¬C_È° KŒ…ì LO_Íq.P. =¶ä› ½ last time "Œi co-operation LO_•#k. =¶ä›½ last Sunday EAMCET LO_•#k. =¶ä›½ J„¬C_È° WO\ÕÁ XH› pet dog LO_Ík. XH›„¬C_È° "ŒiH÷ D \º<£…Õ six buildings LO_•#q. 15. Z 130 . experienced lecturers We had experienced lecturers then. 7. 12.M. in Tamil Nadu in the past. 19. job opportunities They had many job opportunities once. =¶ä›½ J„¬C_È° Hê…èl…Õ =°Oz friends LO_Í"Œ~¡°. 14.² H÷ Q®`OÇ …Õ `Çq°ˆ×<Œ_È°…Õ _•. 13. Sunday special class We had a special class last Sunday. =¶ä›½ J„¬C_È° LO_•<Œ~¡°. 11. The congress party had the people's support during the tenure of Indira and Rajeev. WOk~Œ.*. 16. <Œä›½ x#ß Q®°O@¶~¡°…Õ work LO_•#k. x#ß =¶ä›½ ‹ Ì •=ô LO_•#k. last year. <Œä›½ WO`Ç䛽=òO^ΰ Andhra Bank …Õ Account LO_Ík. =¶ä› ½ last LO_•#k. We had a holiday yesterday.Hï . 17. =¶ä›½ last year six subjects LO_•#q.

XH›„C¬ _È° …èH› Q®`ÇO…Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³á##° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° H›ey†ÇòO_Èx "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Did not + have " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 5. He did not have work at all then. She did not have rest yesterday. J`ÇxH÷ J„¬C_È° J‹¬•° work LO_Ík Hê^ΰ.. =¶ä›½ J„¬C_È° Hê=ô. 10. Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~¡° H›ey†ÇòO_Èx "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. =¶ä›½ J„¬C_È° Hê…èl…Õ =°Oz staff …è~¡°. 4. 131 LO_Íq . =¶ä›½ x#ß J‹¬•° leisure …è^ΰ. 7. <Œä›½ J„¬C_È° J‹¬•° ƒ•’†°Ç =òO_Ík Hê^ΰ. 2. 3. 9. Plural U^³á##° "did not + have" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O. We did not have leisure yesterday. Q®`Ç <³•. D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ x#ß. I did not have fear at all then. "ŒiH÷ J„¬C_È° own house …è^ΰ. J J <Œä›½ J„¬C_È° D town …Õ J‹¬•° friends …è~¡°. P"³° 䛽 J„¬C_È° J‹¬•° gold ornaments …è=ô. 8. They did not have own house then. =¶ brother H÷ J„¬C_È° D L^˼Q®=ò …è^°Î . J =¶ä›½ x#ß Hê…èl…Õ H›O„¬î¼@~Ÿ HêÁ‹¬° …è^ΰ. I did not have money with me We did not have good staff in our yesterday. We did not have power supply in our colony yesterday. My brother did not have this job then. <Œ ^ÎQ®¾~¡ x#ß J‹¬•° money …è^ΰ. EXAMPLES 1. college then. "ŒiH÷ J„¬C_È° study classes LO_Íq Hê=ô. 6. 11. They did not have study classes then. entrance tests We did not have entrance tests then. P"³°H÷ x#ß J‹¬•° q㉧Ou …è^ΰ. =¶ä›½ x#ß =¶ colony …Õ power supply …è^ΰ. Q®`"Ç Œ~¡O. J =¶ brother H÷ x#ß office …Õ duty …è=ô. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ Subject –> Singular. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ H›ey†ÇòO_Èx "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò.

=¶ä›½ J„¬C_È° Hê…èr…Õ lab facilities …è=ô. <Œ ^ÎQ®¾~¡ P time …Õ camera …è^ΰ. third language LO_Ík 3. 14. 16. =¶ father ^ÎQ®¾~¡ =¶ä›½ J„¬C_È° leniance LO_Ík Hê^ΰ. =¶ä›½ J„¬C_È° Hê^ΰ. "ŒiH÷ J„¬C_È° D town …Õ vote ‚¬ì䛽ø…è^°Î .. 6. 19. 15. P"³°ä›½ J„¬C_È‹¬•° P WO\ÕÁ LO_Ík Hê^ΰ. our days. J„¬C_È° L^˼Q®°•ä›½ loan ªÏH›~¡¼O…è^ΰ. We did not have job opportunities then. 9. "ŒiH÷ J„¬C_È° business …Õ profits LO_Íq Hê=ô. P"³°H÷ J„¬C_È° Degree qualification …è^ΰ. driving licence Z A thing of beauty is a joy forever. We did not have all these courses in Last year =¶ä›½ =°Oz „¬O@•° …è=ô. We did not have all these problems in : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. They did not have profits in business then. 12. J`Ç x H÷ J„¬ C _È ° parents #°Oz …è^ΰ. "ŒiH÷ J„¬C_È° WH›ø_È ‡Ú•O …è^ΰ. course •Ì „ á 13. 132 . 15. freedom She did not have freedom in that house then. 17. =¶ä›½ J„¬C_È° J‹¬•° job opportunities LO_Íq Hê=ô. =¶ä›½ J„¬C_È° Ì‹•=ô•° Z䛽ø=Qê LO_Íq Hê=ô. 4. 1. Last year =¶ä›½ J‹¬•° practicals …è=ô. <Œä›½ last year text books …è=ô. =¶ brother H÷ J„¬C_È° D car …è^ΰ. 18. XH› „ ¬ C _È ° =°# ^Í ‰ × O …Õ =°#H÷ Wxß ‹¬=°‹¬¼•°O_Íq Hê=ô. <Œä› ½ J„¬ C _È ° computer J=Qꂬì# …è^ΰ. =¶ä›½ x#ß office …Õ meeting …è^ΰ. 13. 8. 2. 5. encouragement He did not have encouragement from his parents then. our country once. 12. P"³ ° ä› ½ XH› „ ¬ C _È ° J‹¬ • ° knowledge 䛕_¨ …è^ΰ. minimum 11. We did not have preacticals last year. 14. J`ÇxH÷ XH›„C¬ _È° WH›ø_È J‹¬•° |O^•Î°=ô•° …è~¡°. We did not have lenience with our father then. 20. 10. x#ß P >ÿØ"£°…Õ <Œ ^ÎQ®¾~¡ …è^ΰ. =¶ ~ËA•…Õ =¶ä›½ J‹¬•° D HË~¡°••° …è=ô. 7. We did not have good harvest last year.

h䛽 J„¬C_È° close firends =ôO_•<Œ~Œ? Did you have close friends then? 8. Q®`Ç <³•. g°ä›½ J„¬C_È° LO_•<Œ~Œ? college …Õ =°Oz staff Did you have good staff in the college then? 9. "ŒiH÷ J„¬C_È° KŒ…ì property LO_•#^¥? Did they have good property then? 7. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡=ò …èH› Q®`OÇ …Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³#á #° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ H›ey†ÇòO_•# "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@䛽 " Did + have" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. h䛽 x#ß interview =ôO_•#^¥? J`ÇxH÷ last month training =ôO_•#^¥? J J J J g°ä›½ J„¬C_È° KŒ…ì property =ôO_Í^¥? P"³°ä›½ x#ß fever =ôO_•#^¥? „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~°¡ H›ey†ÇòO_•# "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. job then? 10. x#ß h ^ÎQ®¾~¡ money =ôO_•#^¥? Did you have money with you yesterday? 2. Last year J`Ç x H÷ =°Oz income =ôO_•#^¥? Did he have good income last year? 5. g° brother H÷ J„¬C_È° =ôO_•#^¥? government job Did your brother have a govt. Plural U^³á##¶ ' Did + have' =KÇ°ó#°. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ Subject . "ŒiH÷ J„¬C_È° ㄬu Pk"Œ~¡O =ôO_Í^¥? holiday Did they have a holiday every Sunday then? . P"³°ä›½ x#ß P„¦‹ Ô °¬ …Õ g°\÷OQ®° LO_•#^¥? Did she have a meeting in the office yesterday? 133 6.Singular. D q^•ÎOQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ J#Qê x#ß. Last month g°ä› ½ public exams =ôO_•#"Œ? Did you have public exams last month? 4.. Last Sunday g°ä› ½ special class =ôO_•#^¥? Did you have a special class last Sunday? 3. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~°¡ H›ey†ÇòO_•# "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. Q®`"Ç Œ~¡=ò. EXAMPLES 1.

J`ÇxH÷ XH›„C¬ _È° ‡•s“ „¬^q Î =ôO_Í^¥ ? 4. EXERCISE 'Wh' QUESTIONS 11. g°ä›½ J„¬C_È° LO_Í^¥ ? drinking water facility 10. "ŒiH÷ XH› „ ¬ C _È ° D toun …Õ =°Oz influence LO_•#^¥ ? =ôO_•#k? 11. NH› $ +¬ â ^ Í = ~Œ†Ç ò •° `Ç # court …Õ ZO`Ç=°Ok poets #° H›ey†ÇòO_•<Œ_È°? 18. ~Œãu g°ä›½ party U hotel …Õ LO_•#k ? Z Neither a borrower nor a lender be. 134 . h䛽 J„¬C_È° <³•ä›½ ZO`Ç income =ôO_Ík? Howmuch income did you have per month then? 20. h䛽 last year =°Oz income LO_•#^¥? 7. g°ä›½ last time training ZH›ø_È LO_•#k? Howmuch amount did you have on your account last month? 12. g°ä›½ last Sunday exam LO_•#^¥ ? 3. x#ß h䛽 holiday ZO^ΰ䛽 LO_•#k? Why did you have a holiday yesterday? 16. g°ä›½ XH›„¬C_È° "Œi =°^Îí`Ç° LO_Í^¥ ? 8. h䛽 x#ß <Œ`Ë work LO_•#^¥ ? 2. x#ß P time …Õ h ^ÎQ®¾~¡ ZO`Ç LO_•#k ? money 15. last month h account …Õ : 94406 16425 ZO`Ç amount D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. Howmany members did the congress party have in the last Parliament? 17. P"³°ä›½ x#ß high temperature LO_•#^¥? 5. g°~¡ ° x#ß ZO^Î ° ä› ½ J`Ç x `Ë `Ç Q ê^¥ H›ey†Çò<Œß~¡° ? Why did you have a quarrel with him yesterday? 15. WO`ÇH›=òO^ΰ g° ‘•„¬ô…Õ ZO`Ç=°Ok Workers =ôO_•i? Howmany workers did you have in your shop then? 19. Q®`Ç ‡•~¡" Á °³ O\˜…Õ HêOãQï ‹¹ä½› ZO`Ç =°Ok ‹¬ƒ•’°¼•° LO_•<Œ~¡°. 1. "ŒiH÷ J„¬C_È° Zxß ZH›~Œ• ƒ•’¶q° LO_Ík? Howmany acres land did they have then? 13. "ŒiH÷ XH› „ ¬ C _È ° KŒ…ì LO_•<Œ†Ç¶ ? problems 6. x#ß h ^ÎQ®¾~¡ ZO`Ç moeny LO_•#k? How much moeny did you have with you yesterday? 14.. J`Ç x H÷ z#ß„¬ C _È ° `Ç e Á ^ Î O ã _ È ° • encouragement LO_Í^¥ ? 9. g°ä›½ last month Zxß LO_•<Œ~ò ? working days 14. g°ä›½ last year Zxß subjects =ôO_•#q? How many subjects did you have last year? 13. hä› ½ last LO_•#k? Sunday interview ZH› ø _È Where did you have the interview last Sunday? 12.

Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡=ò …èH› Q®`ÇO…Õ =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³á##° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° H›ey†ÇòO_Èx "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@䛽 "Didn't + have" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.Singular. "ŒiH÷ last year business …Õ profits …è"Œ? Didn't they have profits in the business last year? 9. P"³°H÷ x#ß WO\ÕÁ work Ug°…è^¥? Didn't she have any work in the house yesterday? 5. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ Subject . "ŒiH÷ XH›„¬C_È° J‹¬•° property …è^¥? Didn't they have property at all once? 6. g°ä› ½ XH› „ ¬ C _È ° L^˼Q® J=Hê‰× = ò•° LO_ÍqHê"Œ? Didn't you have job opportunities once? 10. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ H›ey†ÇòO_Èx "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õ XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ J#Qê x#ß. EXAMPLES 1. h ^ÎQ®¾~¡ x#ß money …è^¥? Didn't you have money with you yesterday? 135 7. x#ß g°ä›½ classes …è"Œ? Didn't you have classes yesterday? 2. x#ß h䛽 computer class …è^¥? P"³°ä›½ x#ß J‹¬•° rest …è^¥? J J J J g°ä›½ J„¬C_È° own house …è^¥? J`ÇxH÷ J„¬C_È° D L^˼Q®O …è^¥? „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`OÇ …Õ XH›~°¡ H›ey†ÇòO_Èx "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz „ ã t ¬ ßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. Q®`Ç "Œ~¡O. Plural U^³á##¶ "Didn't + have" =KÇ°ó#°. "Œi ^ÎQ®¾~¡ x#ß tickets …è"Œ? Didn't they have tickets with them yesterday? .. Last week h䛽 office …Õ duty …è^¥? Didn't you have duty in the office last week? 3. Q®`Ç <³•. g°ä›½ P ~ËA•…Õ Hê"Œ? entrance tests LO_Íq Didn't you have entrance tests in those days? 8. J`ÇxH÷ J„¬C_È° D job …è^¥? Didn't he have this job then? 4.

3. Last Sunday g°ä›½ office …Õ meeting …è^¥ ? x#ß h ^ÎQ®¾~¡ P time …Õ money …è^¥? g°ä›½ J„¬C_È° Sanskrit subject LO_Ík Hê^¥? "ŒiH÷ J„¬C_È° WH›ø_È U problem …è^¥? x#ß h䛽 J‹¬•° leisure …è^¥? g° TiH÷ J„¬C_È° bus =‹¬u LO_Ík Hê^¥? J`ÇxH÷ J„¬C_È° "Œ¼‡•~¡O…Õ J#°ƒ•’=O …è^¥? g°ä› ½ J„¬ C _È ° "Œ¼‡•~¡ O O…Õ profits ZO^ΰ䛽 LO_ÍqHê=ô? J`ÇxH÷ J„¬C_È° regular income ZO^ΰ䛽 …è^ΰ? h student days …Õ h䛽 close friends ZO^Î°ä› …è~¡°? h=ô last time "Œi ‹¬‚¬ìHê~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽 H›ey†ÇòO_È…è^ΰ? x#ß P"³°ä›½ ZO^ΰ䛽 rest …è^ΰ? Last time "ŒiH÷ D J=Hê‰×O ZO^ΰ䛽 ~Œ…è^ΰ? x#ß h=ô lunch ZO^ΰ䛽 H›ey†ÇòO_È …è^ΰ? night duties ZO^ΰ䛽O_Íq Why didn't you have night duties then? Z A true friend is one soul in two bodies. Last time J`ÇxH÷ "Œi support ZO^ΰ䛽 …è^ΰ? Why didn't he have their support last time? 20. g°ä›½ last month exams `Ç~°¡ "Œ`Ç ‹ Ì •=ô•° ZO^ΰ䛽 …è=ô? 12. 15. 11. x#ß h䛽 duty ZO^ΰ䛽…è^ΰ? Why didn't you have duty yesterday? 12. 5. 2. g°ä›½ J„¬C_È° Hê=ô ? g°ä›½ office …Õ inspection …è^¥? Why didn't they have unity among them then? Why didn't you have holidays after the exams last month? Last year 13. h ^ÎQ®¾~¡ P time …Õ licence ZO^ΰ䛽…è^ΰ? Why didn't you have the licence with you at that time? 13. 10. g°ä›½ last Sunday school …Õ test ZO^ΰ䛽 …è^ΰ? Why didn't you have test in the school last Sunday? 15. 136 . : 94406 16425 EXERCISE 'Wh' QUESTIONS D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•.. 6. g°ä›½ x#ß JH›ø_È …è^ΰ? programme ZO^ΰ䛽 Why didn't you have a programme there yesterday? 14. 14. 8. "Œi =°^•Î¼ J„¬C_È° unity ZO^ΰ䛽 …è^ΰ? 1. 7. 18. 11. 4. h䛽 J„¬C_È° D …è^ΰ? post H÷ ZO^ΰ䛽 J~¡Ý`Ç Why didn't you have eligibility for this post then ? 16. 19. J`ÇxH÷ last ~Œ…è^ΰ? year promotion ZO^ΰ䛽 Why didn't he have a promotion last year? 17. 9.

Didn't he have this job then? 3. Question Form 4. 1. He did not have rest yesterday. 2. D 4 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò. nx…Õ 1. 3. We had holidays last month. 4. POSITIVE FORM : =°#=ò Q® ` Ç O …Õ H› e y†Ç ò O_•# "Œ\÷ x Q® ° iOz ‹¬ ¶ zOKÇ ° @ä› ½ L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Didn't they have income once ? 137 . We did not have any problem then. Didn't she have good company on journey yesterday? 4. 4. 3. He had many problems once.. "Had" 1. NEGATIVE FORM : =°#=ò Q®`ÇO…Õ H›ey†ÇòO_Èx "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Did not + have" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Did they have good harvest last time ? 4. They didn't have this property once. I had an interview last Sunday. Did you have good opportunities once? 3. : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ 'Had" Q®°iOz <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. I did not have class work yesterday. Positive Form 2. 'Had' #° grammar …Õ Anomalous Verb JO\ì~¡°. 2. Did you have work yesterday? 2. Ex : 1. Negative Question Form J#° 4 parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. They had heavy work yesterday. Negative Form 3. nxx Past tense …Õ L„¬†¶ ³ yª•ë=ò. Ex : 1. Ex : 1. QUESTION FORM : =°#=ò Q®`OÇ …Õ H›ey†ÇòO_•# "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz „ ã t ¬ ßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Did + have" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Didn't you have class yesterday? 2. Did he have training last month?4. Ex : 2. NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM : =°#=ò Q®`ÇO…Õ H›ey†ÇòO_Èx "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Didn't + have" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 3.

exercise exercised exercised 265. feign feigned feigned 280 felicitated felicitated fascinate felicitate D ~ËA Meaning „¬sH÷ÆOKÇ°@ Wzó„¬ôKÇ°óHù#°@ =°xßOKÇ°@. exist existed existed 268. fast fasted fasted 278. "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O. expand expanded expanded 269. examine examined examined 262. exceed exceeded exceeded 266. : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs. I Form II Form III Form 261. extend extended extended 272. Question Form.. express expressed expressed 271. excuse excused excused 264. there is a shadow. Spoken English lesson Z 138 Where there is light. fade faded faded 275. fabricate fabricated fabricated 273. Negative Form. facilitate facilitated facilitated 274. exchange exchanged exchanged 263. fail failed failed 276 fascinated fascinated 277. expose exposed exposed 270. H›Æq°OKÇ°@ Jƒ•’¼‹²OKÇ°@ JuãH›q°OKÇ°@ ㄬ^ÎiÅOKÇ°@ rqOz†ÇòO_È°@ q‹¬ëiO„¬K͆Çò@ |†Ç°•°„¬~¡KÇ°@ `³e†Ç°„¬~¡KÇ°@ q‹¬ëiOKÇ°@ H›eæOKÇ°@ ‹¬°•ƒ•’=òK͆òÇ @ HêOu‚Ôì#=°Q®°@ q„¦¬•=°Q®°@ W+¬“„¬_È°#@°Á K͆Çò@ L„¬"Œ‹¬=òO_È°@ ƒ•’†°Ç „¬_°È @ #\÷OKÇ°@ Ja•#OkOKÇ°@ …Õx Positive Form. exhibit exhibitted exhibitted 267. Negative Question Form ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 4 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. fear feared feared 279. .

8. EXAMPLES 1.. …Õ public exams We will have sports competitions in our school next month. "ŒiH÷ =KÍó LO\ì~ò. 3. =¶ brother H÷ LO@°Ok. 7. "ŒiH÷ D LO\ì~ò. They will have public examinations next March. =¶ä›½ exams `Ç~°¡ "Œ`Ç ‹Ì •=ô•° LO\ì~ò. 6. . J P"³°ä›½ ö~„¬ô q㉧Ou LO@°Ok. training You will have training after the selection. g°ä›½ „¬sH›Æ• `Ç~¡°"Œ`Ç Ì‹•=ô•° LO\ì~ò. function We will have function in the college next Sunday. D q^•ÎOQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ ~ö „¬ô. * Note : Subject Singular.FUTURE XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ H›ey†ÇòO_ȃÕ=ô "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. J "ŒiH÷ D ª•i =°Oz profits LO\ì~ò. g°ä› ½ selection `Ç ~ ¡ ° "Œ`Ç LO@°Ok. 4. I will have special duty in the office tomorrow. season …Õ =°Oz sales next year promotion They will have good sales in this season. =¶ä›½ =KÍó <³• school …Õ P@• ‡é\©•° LO\ì~ò. „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~°¡ H›ey †ÇòO_ȃÕ=ô "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. Plural U^³á##¶ "Will have" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. =KÍó "Œ~¡O. March You will have holidays after the examinations. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°ë…Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^³á##° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° H›ey†ÇòO_ȃÕ=ô "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Will have" L„¬†³¶ yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. <Œä› ½ ö ~ „¬ ô P„¦ Ô ‹ ¬ ° …Õ LO@°Ok. J J <Œä›½ ö~„¬ô college …Õ special class LO@°Ok. 139 5. My brother will have a promotion next year. =¶ä›½ =KÍó Pk"Œ~¡O Hê…èl…Õ LO@°Ok. 9. h䛽 =°Oz ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°ë LO@°Ok. : 94406 16425 POSSESSIONS . =KÍó <³•. special duty You will have a bright future. 2.

You will have another opportunity. Time and tide wait for none. 19. 10. hä› ½ D q+¬ † Ç ° O…Õ "Œi ‹¬ ‚ ¬ ì Hê~¡ O LO@°Ok. g°ä› ½ JH› ø _È =°Oz programmes LO\ì~ò. g°ä›½ ö~„¬ô JH›ø_È KŒ…ì >ÿØ"£° LO@°Ok.. They will have heavy syllabus next year. month JH› ø _È seminar You will have a seminar there next month. We will have Municipal elections next June. 20. 15. "ŒiH÷ next LO@°Ok. "ŒiH÷ D ª•i KŒ…ì fã="³°# Ø punishment LO@°Ok. J`ÇxH÷ ㄬu q+¬†Ç°O…Õ WH› #°Oz =¶ support LO@°Ok. h䛽 D q+¬†Ç°O…Õ =¶ LO@°Ok. I will have increment next year. =¶ä›½ D ~ËA Hê…èl…Õ staff meeting LO@°Ok. My brother will have a meeting in Hyderabad next Sunday. 12. I will have much leisure tomorrow. 15. 13. 5. =°#䛽 =KÍó E<£…Õ Municipal elections LO\ì~ò. 14. hä› ½ ö ~ „¬ ô D q+¬ † Ç ° O…Õ <Œ help LO@°Ok. He will have many troubles there. 16. g°ä›½ D ª•i =°Oz remuneration LO@°Ok. 7. g°ä›½ next year WOHùH› ï~O_È° subjects LO\ì~ò. 17. 18. 9. 11. 11. =¶ brother 䛽 next Sunday Hyderabad …Õ g°\÷OQ· LO@°Ok. 13. She will have an operation to her eye tomorrow. <Œä›½ next year increment LO@°Ok. 3. h䛽 God blessings LO\ì~ò. 6. 1. g°ä› ½ next LO@°Ok. =¶ brother H÷ next month Delhi …Õ interview LO@°Ok. 4. P"³°ä›½ ö~„¬ô H›O\÷H÷ operation LO@°Ok. 12. year =°Oz Q® ° ië O „¬ ô They will have good recognition next year. 8. Z 140 . 14. g°ä›½ =°~¡• WOHùH› J=Hê‰×O LO@°Ok. =¶ä›½ ö~„¬ô JH›ø_È =°Oz entertainment LO@°Ok. 2. 10. h䛽 future …Õ J`Çx =•# KŒ…ì troubles LO\ì~ò. h䛽 life …Õ Jxß comforts LO\ì~ò. P"³°ä›½ D medicine ^¥Þ~Œ quick relief LO@°Ok. co-operation You will have our co-operation in this matter. J`ÇxH÷ JH›ø_È KŒ…ì troubles LO\ì~ò. "ŒiH÷ next year KŒ…ì syllabus LO@°Ok. : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. <Œä›½ ö~„¬ô KŒ…ì leisure LO@°Ok.

9. „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ =°#=ò H›ey†ÇòO_Èx "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. You will not have any risk in the work. We will not have test next Sunday. =¶ä›½ WH› increment =ôO_È^ΰ. season. h䛽 WH› transfer =ôO_È^ΰ. He will not have our co-operation They will not have sales in the next hereafter. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM XHùøH›øª•i ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ =°#=ò H›ey†ÇòO_Èx "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ° KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. Plural U^³á##¶ ' will not + have' =KÇ°ó#°. h䛽 =°~¡… D J=Hê‰×O LO_È^ΰ. 6. <Œä›½ ö~„¬ô U work =ôO_È^ΰ. =¶ brother H÷ WH› promotion =ôO_È^ΰ. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³#á #° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ H›ey†ÇòO_Èx "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Will not + have" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. . J`ÇxH÷ WH› =¶ You will not have this opportunity co-operation =ôO_È^ΰ. "ŒiH÷ next season …Õ sales =ôO_È=ô. She will not have any problem there. My brother will not have a promotion. 4. EXAMPLES 1. D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ ~ö „¬ô. * Note : Subject Singular. exams. J J <Œä›½ ö~„¬ô office …Õ duty =ôO_È^ΰ. =KÍ"ó Œ~¡O. 7. P"³°H÷ WH› JH›ø_È U problem =ôO_È^ΰ. =¶ä›½ exams `Ç~¡°"Œ`Ç Ì‹•=ô•° =ôO_È=ô. I will not have any work tomorrow. =¶ä›½ =KÍóPk"Œ~¡O test =ôO_È^ΰ. g°ä›½ WH› work …Õ risk =ôO_È^ΰ. We will not have any increment. 5. =KÍ<ó •³ .. 2. 11. We will not have holidays after the 141 again. J J =¶ä›½ next week classes =ôO_È=ô. 3. 10. J`ÇxH÷ WH› U ‹¬=°‹¬¼ LO_È^ΰ.

D scheme ^¥Þ~Œ =°#䛽 U „ ã † ¬ ¶ ³ [#O LO_È^ΰ. year language paper 1. We will not have language paper next year. 3. "ŒiH÷ ö ~ „¬ ô Hê•h…Õ power supply =ôO_È^ΰ. =°#䛽 ö~„¬ô town …Õ power supply LO_È^ΰ. 9. Z 142 . 4. WOHùH› 50 ‹¬OII• =~¡ä›½ =°#䛽 =°# ‡ã •O`ÇO…Õ ‹¬°<Œg° ƒ•’†°Ç O LO_È^°Î . 18. I will not have election duty this time. 13. g°ä›½ JH›ø_È U trouble =ôO_È^ΰ. 6. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O #°O_• 10th class "ŒiH÷ 11 papersLO_È=ô. 19. 2. You will not have much income in this business hereafter. They will not have power : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 15. "ŒiH÷ D project =•# U q^•Î"°³ # Ø #+¬“=ò LO_È^ΰ. tomorrow. You will not have any trouble there. <Œä›½ D ª•i election duty =ôO_È^ΰ. <Œä›½ WH› U ‹¬=°‹¬¼ LO_È^ΰ. We will not have much profit this time. <Œä›½ ö~„¬ô J‹¬•° leisure =ôO_È^ΰ. 12. next year. supply in the colony tomorrow. "ŒiH÷ next year entrance test =ôO_È^ΰ. You will not have meeting there 12. 17. 10. 11. 20. _•ã w q^¥¼~¡ ° í • ä› ½ WH› g°^Î @ supplementary „¬sH›Æ•° LO_È=ô. 13. 14. 7. WH› "Œi =°^μ unity LO_È^ΰ. 8. =¶ä› ½ next =ôO_È^ΰ. J`ÇxH÷ D `Ç„¬CH÷ U tHÆê LO_È^ΰ. P"³°ä›½ WH› P WO\ÕÁ freedom LO_È^ΰ. Still water runs deep. 11. I will not have leisure at all tomorrow. He will not have our support next time. h䛽 WH›#°Oz D business …Õ Z䛽ø= income =ôO_È^ΰ. 16. 15. P"³°ä›½ next time D payment LO_È^ΰ. =¶ä›½ Next year D subject LO_È^ΰ. J`ÇxH÷ next time =¶ support LO_È^ΰ. P q+¬†°Ç O…Õ <Œä›½ U ƒì^•Î¼`Ç LO_È^°Î .. =¶ä›½ D ª•i Z䛽ø= profits =ôO_È=ô. h䛽 JH›ø_È ö~„¬ô U =‹¬u LO_È^ΰ. g°ä›½ ö~„¬ô JH›ø_È g°\÷OQ· =ôO_È^ΰ. They will not have the entrance test 5. 14. g°ä›½ ö~„¬ô English class LO_È^ΰ.

,

: 94406 16425

QUESTION FORM
XHùøH›øª•i ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~°¡ H›ey†ÇòO_ȃÕ=ô "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz
ㄬtßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò.
J
J

h䛽 ö~„¬ô special class =ôO@°O^¥?
J`ÇxH÷ D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O promotion =ôO@°O^¥?

J
J

g°ä›½ next week exams =ôO\ì†Ç¶?
"ŒiH÷ ö~„¬ô JH›ø_È meeting LO@°O^¥ ?


Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~°¡ H›ey†ÇòO_ȃÕ=ô "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz
ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq.

D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ ~ö „¬ô, =KÍ"ó Œ~¡O, =KÍó <³•, =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH›
ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx U W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^³#á #° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ H›ey†ÇòO_ȃÕ=ô "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz
ㄬtßOKÇ°@䛽
" Shall + have" or " Will + have" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.
*

Note :
I, We Subject Qê

=ô#ß„¬ô_È° 'Shall + have'
You, He, She, It, They, Subject Qê =ô#ß„¬ô_È° will +

have'

=KÇ°ó#°.

EXAMPLES
1. =°#=ò D ~ËA ~ŒãuH÷ hotel …Õ dinner
H›ey†ÇòO^¥=¶?
Shall we have dinner at hotel tonight?

2. =°#=ò HùO`Ç‹
À „¬ô rest H›ey†ÇòO^¥=¶?
Shall we have rest for a while?

3. g°ä›½ ö~„¬ô holiday LO@°O^¥?
Will you have a holiday tomorrow?

4. "ŒiH÷ next week inspection =ôO@°O^¥?
Will they have inspection next week?

5. J`Ç x H÷ D ‹¬ O =`Ç • ~¡ O
=ôO@°O^¥?

promotion

Will he have a promotion this year?

6. P"³°ä›½ P WO\ÕÁ ‹
À ÞKÇ•ó LO@°O^¥?
Will she have freedom in that house?
143

7. "ŒiH÷ D season …Õ =°Oz
LO\ì†Ç¶?

sales

Will they have good sales in this
season?

8. hä› ½ ö ~ „¬ ô P„¦ Ô ‹ ¬ ° …Õ
LO@°O^¥?

work

Zä› ½ ø=Qê

Will you have heavy work in the office
tomorrow ?

9. h䛽 JH›ø_È =°Oz =‹¬u LO@°O^¥?
Will you have good accommodation
there?

10. "ŒiH÷ D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O䛕_¨ =°Oz profits
LO\ì†Ç¶?
Will they have good profits this year
also?

,

11. h䛽 ö~„¬ô duty ZH›ø_È =ôO@°Ok?

EXERCISE

Where will you have the duty
tomorrow?

12. g° brother H÷ transfer Z„¬C_È° =ôO@°Ok?
When will your brother have the
transfer?

13. g°ä›½ next year Zxß subjects =ôO\ì~ò?
Howmany subjects will you have next
year?

14.

next year

hä› ½ ZO`Ç

increment

=ôO@°Ok?
Howmuch increment will you have
next year?

15. Dª•i J=Hê‰×O Z=iH÷ LO@°Ok?
Who will have the opportunity this
time?

16. g°ä›½ „¬sH›Æ•° Z„¬C_È° LO\ì~ò?
When will you have the examinations?

17.

Next month

g°ä› ½ g°\÷ O Q· ZH› ø _È

LO@°Ok?
Where will you have the meeting next
month ?

18. h䛽 ö~„¬ô liesure Z„¬C_È° LO@°Ok ?
When will you have leisure tomorrow?

19. g°ä›½ exams `Ç~°¡ "Œ`Ç Zxß~ËA•° ‹
Ì •=ô•°
LO\ì~ò?
Howmany holidays will you have after
the examinations?

20. ö~„¬ô =°# section …Õ
=ôO@°Ok ?

night duty

: 94406 16425

Z=iH÷

D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•.
1. hä› ½ selection `Ç ~ ¡ ° "Œ`Ç training
LO@°O^¥?
2. g°ä› ½ ö ~ „¬ ô JH› ø _È U^³ á < Œ problem
LO@°O^¥ ?
3. J`ÇxH÷ next week Chennai …Õ interriew
LO@°O^¥ ?
4. P"³°ä›½ JH›ø_È "Œi ‹¬‚ì¬ Hê~¡O LO@°O^¥?
5. "ŒiH÷ next month elections LO\ì†Ç¶?
6. hä› ½ D field …Õ =°Oz future
=ôO@°O^¥ ?
7. g°ä›½ ö~„¬ô JH›ø_È U^³á<Œ programme
LO@°O^¥ ?
8. P†Ç°#䛽 next month examination duty
=ôO@°O^¥ ?
9. P"³ ° ä› ½ D medicines =•# caugh
#°Oz relief LO@°O^¥ ?
10. "ŒiH÷ Dª•ï~<
á Œ„
ã ƒ¬ •’°`ŒÞxß U~Œæ@° KÍ‹
À
"³°*ìi\© LO@°O^¥ ?
11. g°ä›½ =°~¡• Z„¬C_È° holidays =ôO\ì~ò?
12. h䛽 training `Ç~¡°"Œ`Ç posting ZH›ø_È
LO@°Ok ?
13. "ŒiH÷ ö~„¬ô U „¬sH›Æ =ôO@°Ok?
14. g°ä›½ Group-I „¬sH›Æ䛽 Zxß optional
subjects LO\ì~ò ?
15. EAMCET Jƒ•’¼~°¡ •Ö 䛽 counselling Z„¬C_È°
LO@°Ok ?

Who will have the night duty in our
section tomorrow ?

Pen is mightier than sword.

Z
144

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: 94406 16425

NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM
XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ
XH›~¡° H›ey†ÇòO_Èx "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò.

ö~„¬ô h䛽 work LO_È^¥?
J`ÇxH÷ next year promotion LO_È^¥?

J
J

J
J

g°ä›½ next month ‹Ì •=ô•° LO_È"Œ ?
P"³°ä›½ ö~„¬ô JH›ø_È U ‹¬=°‹¬¼ LO_È^¥?

Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°ë…Õ XH›~¡° H›ey†ÇòO_Èx "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#°
‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq.

D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ J#Qê ~ö „¬ô, =KÍó "Œ~¡O, =KÍó <³• …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx
=°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³á##° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° H›ey†ÇòO_Èx "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz negative
sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽
"Won't + have " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.
*

"ŒH›¼=ò…Õ
I, We - Subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° "Shalln't + have" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.
You, He, She, It, They - Subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° "Won't have" L„¬¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.

Note :

EXAMPLES
1. h䛽 ö~„¬ô class work LO_È^¥?
Won't you have class work tomorrow?

2. g°ä›½ exams `Ç~¡°"Œ`Ç Ì‹•=ô•° LO_È"Œ?
Won't you have holidays after the
exams?

3. J`ÇxH÷ next year transfer LO_È^¥?
Won't he have a transfer next year?

4. P"³°H÷ Dq+¬†Ç°O…Õ "Œi ã‡é`Œ•‚¬ìO
LO_È^¥ ?
Won't she have their encouragement in
this matter?

5. "ŒiH÷ Dª•i =°Oz

profits LO_È"Œ?
Won't they have good profits this time?

145

6. h䛽 next time JH›ø_È J=Hê‰×=ò LO_È^¥?
Won't you have an opportunity there
next time?

7. g°ä›½ selection `Ç~°¡ "Œ`Ç training LO_È^¥?
Won't you have training after the
selection?

8. J`ÇxH÷ =°Oz ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°ë LO_È^¥?
Won't he have a bright future?

9. P"³°H÷ JH›ø_È "Œi ‹¬‚¬ìHê~¡O LO_È^¥?
Won't she have their co-operation
there?

10. "ŒiH÷

next Sunday meeting LO_È^¥?
Won't they have meeting next Sunday?

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: 94406 16425
EXERCISE

'Wh' QUESTIONS

D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•.

11. h䛽 ö~„¬ô duty ZO^ΰ䛽 =ôO_È^ΰ?
Why won't you have duty tomorrow?

12. g°ä› ½ next
ZO^ΰ䛽O_È=ô?

season

…Õ

sales

Why won't you have sales in the next
season?

13. J`Ç x H÷ D ‹¬ O =`Ç • ~¡ O
ZO^ΰ䛽O_È^ΰ?

promotion

Why won't he have a promotion this
year?

14. P"³°H÷ JH›ø_È ‹
À ÞKÇ•ó ZO^ΰ䛽O_È^°Î ?
15. "ŒiH÷ next year recruitments ZO^ΰ䛽
LO_È=ô?
Why won't they have recruitments next
year?

16. h䛽 JH›ø_È "Œi support ZO^ΰ䛽O_È^ΰ?
Why won't you have their support
there?

17. g°ä›½ Dª•i =°Oz „¬O@ ZO^ΰ䛽O_È^°Î ?
Why won't you have good harvest this
time?

18. "Œi =°^•Î¼ ‹¬‚ì¬ Hê~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽O_È^°Î ?
Why won't they have co-operation
among them?
team

2. g°ä› ½ Dª•i
LO_È"Œ?

…Õ

summer

classes

3. J`ÇxH÷ ö~„¬ô duty LO_È^¥?
4. P"³°H÷ P job …Õ Z@°=O\÷ risk LO_È^¥?
5. g°ä›½ next year D subject LO_È^¥?
6. P†Ç°#䛽 JH›ø_È Ug° trouble LO_È^¥?

Why won't she have freedom there?

19. =KÍó series …Õ Ganguly H÷
ª•Ö#"³°O^ΰ䛽O_È^°Î ?

1. h䛽 ö~„¬ô JH›ø_È work LO_È^¥?

…Õ

Why won't Ganguly have room in the
team in the next series?

7. "ŒiH÷ Dª•i g°`Ë discussions LO_È"Œ?
8. h䛽 Dª•i P post ä› ½ competition
LO_È^¥?
9. "ŒiH÷ JH›ø_È =‹¬`Ç°•° LO_È"Œ?
10. hä› ½ ö ~ „¬ ô JH› ø _È
ZO^ΰ䛽O_È^ΰ?

programme

11. g°ä› ½ Dª•i admission test
ZO^ΰ䛽O_È^ΰ?
12. P†Ç°#H÷ Dª•i =°Oãu =~¡O¾ …Õ ª•Ö#=ò
ZO^ΰ䛽O_È^ΰ?
13. P"³°ä›½ JH›ø_È "Œi
ZO^ΰ䛽O_È^ΰ?

company

14. "ŒiH÷ D „¬ ^ Š Î H › = ò ^¥Þ~Œ
ZO^ΰ䛽O_È=ô?
15. g°ä› ½ =KÍ ó season 䛽
ZO^ΰ䛽O_È^ΰ?

(`Ë_È°)

benefits

water supply

20. ö~„¬ô g°ä›½ Ì‹•=ô ZO^ΰ䛽O_È^ΰ?
Why won't you have a holiday
tomorrow?

Z

Fools build houses and wisemen live in them.

146

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REVISION
What have we learnt today ?

=°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ?
=°#=ò D~ËA =°# Spoken English Course …Õ 'Will have' Q®°iOz <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò.
nx…Õ =°#=ò 1. Positive Form 2. Negative Form 3. Question Form 4. Negative
Question Form J#° 4 parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. D 4 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò.
1.

POSITIVE FORM :

ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°ë…Õ XH›~¡° H›ey†ÇòO_ȃÕ=ô "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽
L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.
Ex :

2.

1. I will have leisure tomorrow.

2. We will have inspection next month.

3. He will have a bright future.

4. They will have a meeting tomorrow.

NEGATIVE FORM :

ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°ë…Õ XH›~¡° H›ey†ÇòO_Èx "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽
L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.
Ex :

"Will have "

"Won't have "

1. I won't have any trouble from them.
2. We won't have any risk there.
3. He won't have their support next time.
4. She won't have any recognition there.

3.

QUESTION FORM :

ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ XH›~°¡ H›ey†ÇòO_ȃÕ=ô "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz „
ã t
¬ ßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Shall
have / Will have " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.
Ex :

4.

1. Shall I have leave tomorrow?

2. Shall we have dinner tonight?

3. Will you have comforts there?

4. Will they have exams next month?

NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM :

Vƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ XH›~°¡ H›ey†ÇòO_Èx "Œ\÷x Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#°
‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Shalln't / Won't + have " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.
Ex :

1. Won't you have leisure tomorrow? 2. Won't you have a goal?
3. Won't she have help from them?

147

3. Won't they have job opportinities in
future ?

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D ~ËA Hùxß verbs, "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O.
I Form

II Form

III Form

281

fetch

fetched

fetched

282

fill

filled

filled

283

finish

finished

finished

284

fix

fixed

fixed

285

flatter

flattered

flattered

286

float

floated

floated

287

flourish

flourished

flourished

288

flow

flowed

flowed

289

follow

followed

followed

290

found

founded

founded

291

frame

framed

framed

292

frighten

frightened

frightened

293

fry

fried

fried

294

fulfil

fulfilled

fulfilled

295

gabble

gabbled

gabbled

296

gallop

gallopped

gallopped

297

gamble

gambled

gambled

298

gape

gaped

gaped

299

gargle

gargled

gargled

300

gather

gathered

gathered

D ~ËA

Meaning

‡é~ò`³KÇ°ó@
xO„¬ô@
=òyOKÇ°@
‹²Ö~¡„¬~¡KÇ°@
‡ÚQ®_È°@
`Í•°@
Ja•=$kœKO³ ^ΰ@
ㄬ=‚²ìOKÇ°@
J#°‹¬iOKÇ°@
ª•Ö„O² KÇ°@
U~¡æ~¡KÇ°@
ƒ•’†°Ç „Ì @°“
"Í~òOKÇ°@
<³~¡"Í~¡°ó@
=^Î~¡°@, ãÀ„•°@
"ÍQ®OQê „¬iïQ`Ç°ë@
E^Î=¶_È°@
P=ôeOKÇ°@
„¬ôH÷øeOKÇ°@
À‹H›iOKÇ°@

…Õx Positive Form, Negative Form, Question Form,
Negative Question Form ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i
D 4 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•.
Spoken English lesson

Z
148

Great talkers are not great doers.

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'BE' FORMS - PRESENT - AM, IS, ARE
XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„ô¬ _È° „
ã ‹
¬ °¬ `ë =
Ç ò =°#=ò L#ß ª•Ö#=ò
(Position) ‹¬Ö•=ò (Place) ‹²Öu (Condition) Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò.

<Í#° XH› English lecturer x.
N J|°í…˜ H›…ì"£° =°# ãÌ„‹²_³O\˜.

J
J

J
J

"Í°=ò W„¬C_È° exam hall …Õ L<Œß=ò.
"Í°=ò D ~ËA KŒ…ì busy Qê L<Œß=ò.


Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„ô¬ _È° „
ã ‹
¬ °¬ `ë =
Ç ò =°#=ò L#ß ª•Ö#=ò
(Position) ‹¬Ö•=ò (Place) ‹²Öu (Condition) Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq.

D q^•Î=òQê W„¬C_È°, ㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç=ò =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò# =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° L#ß
XH› Position, Place or Condition ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 Present 'Be' forms J~ò#
"Am/ Is/ Are" •#° L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.
*

Note :
'I' Subject Qê L#ß„¬ô_È° "am"
He, She, It Subject Qê L#ß„¬ô_È° "is"
We, you, they Subject Qê

L#ß„¬ô_È° "are" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.

EXAMPLES
1. <Í#° XH› _•ãw q^¥¼iÖx.

6.

Cricket XH›

P‹¬H÷ëH›~¡"³°Ø# P@.

I am a degree student.

Cricket is an interesting game.

2. "Í°=ò D ‡¦•¼H›s“ „¬x"Œ~¡=ò.

7. "Í°=ò W„¬C_È° HêÁ‹¹ ~¡¶=ò…Õ L<Œß=ò.

We are the workers of this factory.

3. =¶ father XH› bank officer.
My father is a bank officer.

4. =¶ mother XH› Q®$‚²ì}÷.
My mother is a house-wife.

5.

India XH›

Qù„¬æ ^͉×=ò.

India is a great country.

We are in the class-room now.

8. =¶ grandfather W„¬C_È°
L<Œß~¡°.

hospital

My grandfather is in the hospital now.

9. "Œ~¡° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO Delhi …Õ L<Œß~¡°.
They are in Delhi at present.

10. =¶ father W„¬C_È° P„¦Ô‹¬°…Õ L<Œß~¡°.
My father is at his office now.

149

…Õ

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EXERCISE

11. „²•Á•° "Í°_Èg°^Î L<Œß~¡°.

D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•.

Children are upstairs.

12. [O`Ç°=ô•° J_Èq…Õ LO\ì~ò.
Animals are in the forest.

13. <Í#° W„¬C_È° KŒ…ì happy Qê =ô<Œß#°.

1. <Í#° XH› bank L^˼yx.
2. ªÏ~¡"£ Q®OQ®¶b =°# team captain.
3. N KÇOã^΃ì|° T.D.P. J^•Î¼ä›½Æ _È°.

I am very happy now.

4. N A.P.J. Abdul Kalam =°# ~ŒR„¬u.
14. "Í°=ò D ~ËA KŒ…ì busy Qê L<Œß=ò.
We are very busy today.

6. =¶ elder sister XH› post graduate.

15. =¶ cousin KŒ…ì ªé=°i.

7.

My cousin is very lazy.

9. =¶ parents „
ã ‹
¬ °¬ `ë OÇ =¶ =îi…Õ =ô<Œß~°¡ .

They are very poor.

17. D~ËA "Œ`Œ=~¡}O KÇ•ÁQêL#ßk.
The weather is cold today.
question paper

Mr. Rao =¶ Physics lecturer.

8. ‚
Ì ìá ^Î~Œƒì^ΰ XH› Qù„¬æ KŒiã`Œ`ÇàH› #Q®~=
¡ ò.

16. "Œ~¡° KŒ…ì c^Î"Œ~¡°.

18. D ~ËA
L#ßk.

5. =¶ uncle XH› heart specialist.

KŒ…ì H›+¬“OQê

10. _•ãw q^¥¼~¡°•Ö ° W„¬C_È°
=ô<Œß~¡°.

Physics lab

…Õ

11. u~¡°„¬u XH› †Ç¶ã`Œ ‹¬Ö•=ò.
12. H›=°…˜‚¬ð‹¬<£ XH› Qù„¬æ #@°_È°.

The question paper is very difficult
today.

13. `³•°Q®°^͉O× XH› ‡ã •Of†Ç° ‡•s“.
14. U‹¬°Hã ‹
© °¬ ë JO^ÎiH© „
ã ƒ¬ •’°=ô.

19. h=ô KŒ…ì |•‚Ôì#OQê =ô<Œß=ô.
You are very week.

15. ‡ã •¦ <£• XH› ‡•‰§ó`¼Ç ^͉=× ò.

20. =¶ grandmother J<Œ~ËQ®¼OQê L<Œß~¡°.
My grand mother is ill.

Z
A great deal of talent is lost for want of a little courage.

150

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NEGATIVE FORM
XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~¡°•`Ë =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß„¬ô_È° ㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç=ò =°#=ò …èx ª•Ö#=ò
(Position) ‹¬Ö•=ò (Place) ‹²Öu (Condition) Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò.

<Í#° D college student x Hê#°.
J`Ç_È° D~ËA duty …Õ …è_È°.

J
J

J
J

"Í°=ò D town …Õ =ôO_È=ò.
P"³° =¶ class teacher Hê^ΰ.


Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„ô¬ _È° „
ã ‹
¬ °¬ `ë =
Ç ò =°#=ò …èx ª•Ö#=ò
(Position) ‹¬Ö•=ò (Place) ‹²Öu (Condition) Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq.

D q^•Î=òQê „ã ‹¬ °¬ `ë =Ç ò =°#=ò …èx XH›
Present 'Be' Forms J~ò#

Position, Place or Condition

"Am not / Is not / Are not"

*

‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽

L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.

Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ
'I' Subject Qê L#ß„¬ô_È° "am not"
He, She, It Subject Qê L#ß„¬ô_È° "is not"
We, You, They Subject Qê L#ß„¬ô_È° "are not"

L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.

EXAMPLES
1. <Í#° XH› govt. employee x Hê#°.
I am not a government employee.

2. "Í°=ò D Hê…èl q^¥¼~¡°Ö•O Hê^ΰ.
We are not the students of this college.

3. D ㄬ=¶^¥xH÷ Hê~¡}O <Í#° Hê^ΰ.
I am not responsible for this accident.

4. =¶ father XH› lawyer Hê^ΰ.
My father is not a lawyer.

5. P"³° <Œ class mate Hê^ΰ.
She is not my class-mate.

6.

T.D.P. *ìf†Ç° ‡•s“ Hê^ΰ.
The T.D.P. is not a national party.

151

7. "Œ~¡° ƒ•ì~¡f†Çò•° Hê~¡°.
They are not Indians.

8. <Í#° h servant x Hê#°.
I am not your servant.

9. J…ì =¶\ìÁ_È_¨xH÷ <Í#° „¦¬î…˜x Hê#°.
I am not a fool to speak so.

10. =¶ cousin post graduate Hê^ΰ.
My cousin is not a post-graduate.

11. P"³° W„¬C_È° J H›ƒ
Á ˜ ‹¬ƒ•’°¼~Œ•° Hê^ΰ.
She is not a member of that club now.

12. =¶ father D~ËA duty…Õ …è~¡°.
My father is not on duty today.

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EXERCISE

13. P"³° W„¬C_È° WO\ÕÁ …è^ΰ.

D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•.

She is not at home now.

14. "Œ~¡° W„¬C_È° D town…Õ …è~¡°.
They are not in this town now.

16. "Í°=ò D ~ËA busy Qê …è=ò.
We are not busy today.

17. P"³ ° D ~ËA

2. "Í°=ò ^•Î#=O`Ç°•=òHê=ò.
3. J`Ç_È° D factory worker Hê^ΰ.

active

Qê …è ^ Î ° .

She is not active today.

18. D course g°ä›½ L„¬†³¶Q®H›~¡O Hê^ΰ.
This course is not useful to you.

19.

1. <Í#° P party ‹¬ƒ•’°¼_È#° Hê#°.

Physics ‹¬°•ƒ•’"°³ #
Ø subject Hê^ΰ.
Physics is not an easy subject.

4. P"³° =¶ class teacher Hê^ΰ.
5. "Œ~¡° POã^•Î°•° Hê~¡°.
6. <Í#° D ~ËA free Qê …è#°.
7. "Í ° =ò ã „ ¬ ‹ ¬ ° ë ` Ç O P
‹¬ƒ•’°¼•=ò Hê^ΰ.

committee

…Õ

8. „
ã ‹
¬ °¬ `ë Ç „
ã ƒ
¬ •’°`ÇÞO…Õ P†Ç°# =°OãuHê^ΰ.

20. D item ~¡°zQê …è^ΰ.
This item is not delicious.

9. P"³° D hospital …Õ nurse Hê^ΰ.
10. "Œ~¡° D ãQê=° F@~¡°Á Hê~¡°.
11. <Í#° WH›ø_È happy Qê …è#°.
12. "Í°=ò ªé=°~¡°•O Hê^ΰ.
13.

Sanskrit H›+¬“"³°Ø# subject Hê^ΰ.

14. P camera W„¬C_È° <Œ`Ë…è^ΰ.
15. J`Ç_È° x*ì~òf „¬~¡°_È°Hê^ΰ.
16. "Œ~¡° =°# ^Í‰× ‡Ï~¡°•° Hê~¡°.
17. J`Ç_È° <Œ friend Hê^ΰ.
18. Pt+¹ <³ã‚¬• ㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç team …Õ …è_È°.
19. Wk =¶ ‹¬ÞO`Ç W•°ÁHê^ΰ.
20. "Œ~¡° <Œ well-wishers Hê^ΰ.

Z
Attention is one's first duty.

152

h=ô ã „ ¬ ‹ ¬ ° ë ` Ç O q^¥¼iÖ"Œ? 1. They Subject Qê L#ß„¬ô_È° "are" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. g° brother U.? 5. Place or Condition Q®°iOz „ã t¬ ßOKÇ°@䛽 Present 'Be' Forms J~ò# "Am / Is / Are" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.S. D q^•Î=òQê „ã ‹¬ °¬ `ë =Ç ò =°#=ò L#ß XH› Position. g°~¡° D Hê•h "Œ‹¬°…ì? Are you the residents of this colony? 3. N=°u =¶•u g° =ô<Œß~Œ? Andhra University 10. You.S. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„ô¬ _È° „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë = Ç ò =°#=ò L#ß ª•Ö#=ò (Position) ‹¬Ö•=ò (Place) ‹²Öu (Condition) Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò.A. She. …Õ Software Engineer Qê †Çò<Œß~Œ? Is your brother a Software Engineer in English lecturer Qê Is Mrs. P"³° D ~Ë[O`Œ J<Œ~ËQ®¼OQê =ô#ß^¥? Is she sick today? 8.A. EXAMPLES 6. T\©…Õ climate KÇ•ÁQê =ôO@°O^¥? Is the climate cold in Ooty? 9. h=ô Engineering q^¥¼iÖ"Œ? Are you an engineering student? Are you a student of Andhra 2. * Note : 'I' Subject Qê L#ß„¬ô_È° "am" He. J J h=ô D Hê…èl q^¥¼iÖ"Œ? g° father XH› lawyer Qê =ô<Œß~Œ? J J g°~¡° D P„¦Ô‹¬°…Õ L^˼Q®°…ì? P"³° D ~ËA J<Œ~ËQ®¼OQê =ô#ß^¥? „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„ô¬ _È° „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë = Ç ò =°#=ò L#ß ª•Ö#=ò (Position) ‹¬Ö•=ò (Place) ‹²Öu (Condition) Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. It Subject Qê L#ß„¬ô_È° "is" We. g° father XH› businessman Qê =ô<Œß~Œ? Is your father a businessman? 4. Malathi your lecturer in English? 153 University? 7.. g° father D~ËA busy Qê =ô<Œß~Œ? Is your father busy today? the U. D ~ËA match interesting Qê =ô#ß^¥? Is the match interesting today? .

D ~ËA `ŒsY° Uq°? What date is it today? 20. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO g° grand-father ZH›ø_È L<Œß~¡°? Where is your grand-father now ? 19. "Œ~¡° g° |O^•Î°=ô…ì ? 6. h=ô D ~ËA ZO^ΰ䛽 dull Qê =ô<Œß=ô ?. h hobbies Uq°\÷ ? 15. g° HêÁ‹¬°…Õ ZO`Ç =°Ok girls =ô<Œß~¡°? Howmany girls are there in your class? 16. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO g° Principal Z=~¡°? Who is your Principal at present? 12. h=ô D club Secretary Qê L<Œß"Œ ? 7. : 94406 16425 EXERCISE 'Wh' QUESTIONS D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. g°~¡° XH› school teacher Qê L<Œß~Œ ? 2. h=ô Z=i g°^Î HË„¬OQê =ô<Œß=ô ? 14. g° elder brother =†Ç°‹¬°• ZO`Ç? How old is your elder brother? 17. D new film Z…ì =ô#ßk ? Z A man should live within his income. h=ô XH› Muslim =°`Ç‹°¬ _Ö •"Œ ? 3. 11. g° parents Z…ì =ô<Œß~¡°? How are your parents? 14. D W•°Á g° ‹¬ÞO`Ç^Í<Œ ? 11. g° family …Õ ZO`Ç=°Ok =ôO\ì~¡° ? 13. g° native place Uk ? 12. P"³° XH› ‚²ìOn actress Qê L#ß^¥ ? 9. P"³° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO P~ËQ®¼OQê L#ß^¥ ? 5. 154 . Why are you dull today? 1. W„¬C_È° time ZO`Ç? What time is it now? 15. g° father D "Œ~¡O camp …Õ L<Œß~Œ ? 8. g° elder sister _¨H›“~Œ ? 10. J`Ç_È° XH› IAS Officer Qê L<Œß~Œ ? 4. D <Œ•°yO\÷…Õ h ‹¬¶ø@~Ÿ Uk? Which is your scooter among these four? 18. D ~ËA HêÁ ‹ ¬ ° H÷ h=ô ZO^Î ° ä› ½ J~ò<Œ=ô? late Why are you late to the class today ? 13..

h=ô D~ËA duty …Õ …è"Œ? Aren't you on duty today ? 155 7. employee ? 12. They Subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° Aren't =KÇ°ó#°. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~¡°•`Ë =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß„¬C_È° ㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç=ò =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° …è#@°=O\÷ XH› Position. It Subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° Isn't We. "Œ~¡° ^•Î#=O`Ç°•° Hê~Œ? Aren't they rich? 10. "Œ~¡° g° |O^•Î°=ô•° Hê~Œ? Aren't they your relatives ? 6. D~ËA Pk"Œ~¡O Hê^¥? Isn't it Sunday today ? 5. employee Hê^¥? Aren't you a govt. She. Condition Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Isn't / Aren't " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. * "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ 'I' Subject Qê L#ß#¶ Aren't =KÇ°ó#°. Condition Q®°iOz D q^•Î=òQê ㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç=ò =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò# =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° …èx XH› Position. You. Place. Place. D~ËA cricket match interesting Qê …è^¥? Isn't the cricket match interesting today? 11. P"³° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO JH›ø_È ‹¬O`Ë+¬OQê …è^¥? Isn't she happy there at present ? 9. h=ô Mr. Amn't L„¬†³¶yOKÇ䛕_È^ΰ. J`Ç_È° h class-mate Hê^¥? Isn't he your class-mate ? 4. g° father W„¬C_È° WO\ÕÁ …è~Œ? Isn't your father at home now? 8.. h=ô govt. g° brother h䛽 helpful Qê =ôO_È_¨? Isn't your brother helpful to you? . He. Wk g° own house Hê^¥ ? g° father XH› govt. Place or Condition Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ° KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. Note : EXAMPLES 1. Narayana? 2. employee Hê^¥ ? J J Sanskrit ‹¬°•ƒ•’"°³ # Ø ƒ•ì+¬ Hê^¥ ? J J <Í#° h ‰ã † õ ¶³ a•…ì+²x Hê^¥? Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO =°#=ò …è#@°=O\÷ XH› ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. Position. <Œ~Œ†Ç°} Qêi 䛽=¶~¡°_•q Hê^¥? Aren't you the son of Mr. g°~¡° D ^ׇ͉Ï~¡°•° Hê^¥? Aren't you the citizens of this country? 3.

g° father W„¬C_È° `³•°Q®°^͉O× ‡•s“…Õ …è~Œ? Why aren't you bold? close 4. h=ô g° father `Ë =ôO_È=ô? 3. D~ËA g°\÷OQ·…Õ J`Ç_È° ZO^ΰ䛽…è_È°? Why aren't they united? serious 8. 156 . P"³° W„¬C_È° P Hê^¥? 10. J`Ç_°È W„¬C_È° P ‡•s“ ‹¬ƒ•’°¼_È° Hê^¥? QêZO^Î ° ä› ½ Why aren't you serious at work? 21. "Œ~¡° „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë OÇ g°ä›½ ZO^ΰ䛽 J#°ä›••OQê …è~¡°? 13. "Œ~¡° W„¬C_È° D town …Õ ZO^ΰ䛽…è~¡°? Why aren't they in the town at present? 16. ‹¬=òã^΄¬ô h~¡° ~¡°zQê ZO^ΰ䛽O_È^ΰ? Why isn't the sea water tasty? Z Money is a good servant but a bad master. D~ËA Ì‹•=ô ZO^ΰ䛽Hê^ΰ? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. h=ô government employee q Hê^¥? 17. h=ô ZO^ΰ䛽 XH› job …Õ ‹²Ö~¡OQê LO_È=ô? Qê Why isn't the moon so bright as the sun? 14. : 94406 16425 EXERCISE 'Wh' QUESTIONS 13. h=ô work …Õ LO_È=ô? 5. P†Ç°# students `Ë ZO^ΰ䛽 LO_È_È°? strict Qê 15. Why isn't it a holiday today? 1. "Œ~¡° „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë OÇ Jk•Hê~¡O…Õ …è~Œ? 11.. h=ô D Hê…èl student q Hê^¥? 14. g°~¡° XOQË•° =òx‹²‡•e\÷ F@~¡°Á Hê~Œ? Why isn't Ganguly in the team? 15. India …Õ [<Œƒ•ì Ì„~¡°Q®°^Ε ZO^ΰ䛽 control …Õ LO_È^ΰ? 22. "Œ~¡° öH~¡ˆ×"Œ~¡° Hê^¥? 7. h"³O^ΰ䛽 ^•³~á ¼¡ OQê LO_È=ô? 18. P"³° g° own sister Hê^¥? 6. "Œ~¡° SH›=°`ǼOQê ZO^ΰ䛽 LO_È~¡°? 20. h=ô J`ÇxH÷ ‹¬xß‚²ì`Ç°_È=ôHê^¥? 19. Ganguly team …Õ ZO^ΰ䛽…è_È°? 2. J`Ç_È° D~ËA duty …Õ ZO^ΰ䛽…è_È°? Why isn't he on duty today? Qê ZO^ΰ䛽 Why aren't you close with your father? school Head mistress 9. KÇ O ã ^ Î ° _È ° ‹¬ ¶ ~¡ ° ¼_È ° JO`Ç ZO^ΰ䛽O_È_È°? bright 12.

Aren't you an employee? 2. QUESTION FORM : „¬‹¬°ë`Ç=ò =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° L#ß XH› Position. I am not an innocent man. Is he on duty now? 3. Is. Negative Question Form J#° 4 parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. 1. 2. Condition Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "am / is / are " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 4. He is not in the town today. 3. Place. Condition Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "am not / is not / are not " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Place. Are they poor ? 4. Positive Form 2. Isn't he at home today ? 157 . This book is not useful to us. 1. 4. D =ü_•O\÷x grammar …Õ Present Tense 'Be' forms JO\ì~¡ ° . Isn't she your sister? 3. Ex : 1. 1. Aren't they degree students ? 4. : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? =°#=ò D~ËA =°# Spoken English Course …Õ 'Am. 1.. Place. Place.A. Question Form 4. They are very busy today. POSITIVE FORM : „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë = Ç ò =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò# =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ L#ß XH› Position. They are not helpful to us. Ex : 2. I am a clerk in this office. Are you an officer here? 2. He is our M. 2. Ex : 3. 3. Are' • Q®°iOz <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. Ex : 4.ground now.L. We are in the play . Condition Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Isn't / Aren't " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. NEGATIVE FORM : ㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç=ò =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° …èx XH› Position. D 4 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò. Is she a foreigner ? NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM : „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë = Ç ò =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ …èx XH› Position. Negative Form 3. Condition Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Am / Is / Are " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. nx…Õ 1.

"Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O. Question Form. I Form II Form III Form 301 gaze gazed gazed 302 giggle giggled giggled 303 glorify glorified glorified 304 glow glowed glowed 305 grant granted granted 306 grasp grasped grasped 307 greet greeted greeted 308 grip gripped gripped 309 groan groaned groaned 310 grope groped groped 311 guess guessed guessed 312 gulp gulped gulped 313 hack hacked hacked 314 halt halted halted 315 happen happened happened 316 hasten hastened hastened 317 hate hated hated 318 heal healed healed 319 hear heard heard 320 help helped helped D ~ËA Meaning `Íi‡•~¡K¶ Ç KÇ°@ =ò‹²=ò‹²Qê #=ôÞ@ ‡ÚQ®_È°@ ^ÎQ®^ÎQ® "³°i†Çò@ ^Άǰ`Ë WKÇ°ó@ ãQ®‚²ìOKÇ°@ =O^Î#=ò K͆Çò@ „²_•H÷e aQ®|@°“@ =ü•°Q®°@ `Ç_È°=òHù#°@ T‚²ìOKÇ°@ Q®°@°ä›½ø# ãq°OQ®°@ =òH›ø•°Qê #~¡ä›½@ P„¬ô@. Negative Form. Spoken English lesson Z 158 A mother is worth hundred teachers. . : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs.. Negative Question Form ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 4 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. ã=¶#°æ@ q#°@ ‹¬‚¬ð†Ç°„¬_È°@ …Õx Positive Form. x•°„¬ô@ ‹¬Oƒ•’qOKÇ°@ `ÇÞ~¡„¬~¡KÇ°@ ^ÍÞ+²OKÇ°@ ƒìQ®°K͆Çò.

6. Mr..R. D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ x#ß.T. I was an Intermediate student last year. 2. ƒì|¶ ~Œ*è O ã ^ Î ã „ ¬ ª •^£ =°# "³ ò ^Î \ ÷ ~ŒR„¬u. they EXAMPLES 1.T. It' Subject We. Smt. 4. "Í°=ò last week =¶ LO_•<Œ=ò. <Í#° x#ß P time …Õ library …Õ L<Œß#°. Rao was our Principal then. Q®`"Ç Œ~¡O. * Note : Qê L#ß„¬ô_È° "was" Subject Qê L#ß„¬ô_È° "were" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Smt. =°# =òY¼=°OãuQê LO_•<Œ~¡°. She was our hostel warden then. 8. Sri N. J J <Í#° last year degree q^¥¼iÖx.PAST . WOk~ŒQêOn• J„¬ C _È ° =°# „ã ^¬ •¥#=°Oãu. 5.R. She. Q®`<Ç •³ .WAS. P"³° last week hospital …Õ =ôO_•#k. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ LO_•# Position. Place or Condition ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 Past 'Be' forms J~ò# "Was / Were" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. native place …Õ We were at our native place last week. He. =°# =òY¼=°Oãu x#ßO`Œ _•bÁ…Õ L<Œß~°¡ . Rao =¶ä›½ J„¬C_È° „ ã x² •‡•…˜. . WERE XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ LO_•# ª•Ö#=ò (Position) ‹¬Ö•=ò (Place) ‹²Öu (Condition) Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. 3. Indira Gandhi was our Primeminister then. <Í#° last year XH› WO@~Ÿ q^¥¼iÖx. „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~°¡ LO_•# ª•Ö#=ò (Position) ‹¬Ö•=ò (Place) ‹²Öu (Condition) Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. : 94406 16425 'BE' FORMS . 10. was our Chief-Minister then. J J "Í°=ò 1985…Õ Vizag …Õ L<Œß=ò. The Chief-minister was in Delhi yesterday. Babu Rajendra Prasad was our first Prime-Minister 159 Kurnool was the capital city of our state then. J„¬C_È° N N. H›~¶ ¡ ß•° J„¬C_È° =°# ~ŒR ~Œ[^•¥x. Mr. 'I. =¶ father J„¬C_È° XH› bank officer. P"³° J„¬C_È° =¶ hostel warden. I was in the library at that time yesterday. Dr. you. 9. 7.

<Í#° z#ß„¬C_È° KŒ…ì „²iH÷"Œ_È#°. "Œ}÷N P~ËA•…Õ XH› ㄬ=òY #\÷.R. I was very busy yesterday. 8. tour …Õ =ôO_•#k. …Õ <Í#° Bus stop ^ÎQ®¾~¡ L<Œß#°. 6. <Í#° x#ß office H÷ …è\˜ J~ò<Œ#°. 17. I was at the bus stop at the time of accident. 13. 5. 11.. 9. Accident time 2. 4. 13. WO@~Ÿ…Õ Sanskrit <Œ second language. P"³° x#ß WO\ÕÁ XO@iQê LO_•#k. 160 . time …Õ „¬sH›Æ ‚¬ð•°…Õ We were in the examination hall at this : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. N ‰×OH›~Ÿ^ΆǶˆ˜ ‰×~¡à J„¬C_È° =°# ~ŒR Q®=~¡ß~Ÿ. 7. 12. "Œ~¡° XH›„C¬ _È° KŒ…ì ^•Î#=O`Ç°•°. <Í#° x#ß KŒ…ì busy Qê LO_•<Œ#°. TDP ª•Ö„ä¬ ½› _È°. 15. 16. 14. <Í#° J„¬C_È° XH› z#ß„²•Á"Œ_È#°. 10. =°# Indian team last month Australia Our Indian team was on tour in Australia last month. 15. x#ß Manager <ŒÌ „ á KŒ…ì HË„¬ O Qê LO_•<Œ_È°. The cricket match was very interesting yesterday. 12.T. N N. The manager was very angry with me yesterday. time yesterday. Z A live ass is better than a dead lion. 19. My father was on camp last week. H›„²…˜^Í"£ J„¬C_È° =°# team captain. "Í°=ò x#ß D L<Œß=ò. She was sick yesterday. 18. 20. "Í°=ò XH›„¬C_È° KŒ…ì c^Î"Œ~¡=ò. x#ß Pk"Œ~¡=ò. 3. We were very poor once. 1.. 11. 14. "Í ° =ò z#ß„¬ C _È ° =ôO_•<Œ=ò. XH›„C¬ _È° WO_•†Ç¶ KŒ…ì c^Î ^͉= × ò. x#ß English question paper KŒ…ì easy Qê LO_•#k. Hyderabad …Õ We were in Hyderabad in our childhood days. =¶ grandfather J„¬C_È° =¶ =îi ‹¬~æ¡ OKŸ. =¶ father J„¬C_È° P ‹¬¶ø…˜ ‚ Ì ì_£=¶‹¬~“ QŸ ê LO_•<Œ~¡°. x#ß match KŒ…ì interesting Qê =ô#ßk. =¶ father last week camp …Õ =ôO_•<Œ~¡°. P"³° x#ß J<Œ~ËQ®¼OQê LO_•#k.

8. Rao was not our Principal then. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° LO_Èx Position. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ Qê L#ß„¬ô_È° "was not" Subject Qê L#ß„¬ô_È° "were not " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Mrs. 2. 7. It' – > Subject We. Rao J„¬C_È° =¶ „ ã x ² •„¬…˜ Hê^ΰ. ªéx†Ç¶ QêOn• J„¬C_È° ‡•s“ J^•Î¼ä›½Æ ~Œ•° Hê^ΰ. They were not rich once. minister then. „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° =°#=ò Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ LO_Èx ª•Ö#=ò (Position) ‹¬Ö•=ò (Place) ‹²Öu (Condition) Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. "Œ~¡° XH›„C¬ _È° ^•Î#=O`Ç°•° Hê^ΰ. 3. J J "Í°=ò last year D town …Õ …è=ò. J J <Í#° J„¬C_È° D office …Õ L^˼yx Hê#°. 5. They – > EXAMPLES 1. "Œ~¡° XH›„C¬ _È° ƒ•ì~¡`Ç ^Í‰× ‡Ï~¡°•° Hê~¡°. 12. Q®`<Ç •³ . : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ LO_Èx ª•Ö#=ò (Position) ‹¬Ö•=ò (Place) ‹²Öu (Condition) Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. Yesterday was not a holiday. 10. Place or Condition ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Was not / Were not" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. P"³° x#ß P time …Õ WO\ÕÁ …è^ΰ. last year J`Ç_È° . D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ x#ß. She. =¶ father J„¬C_È° businessman Hê^ΰ. =¶ brother x#ß duty …Õ …è_È°. 4. You. P~ËA•…Õ XOQË•° XH› Ì„^Îí town Hê^ΰ. days. We were not class-mates then. D H›OÌ„h L^˼y Hê^ΰ. Sri Chandra Babu was not the Chief- 161 President then. <Í#° J„¬C_È° D Hê…èl ‹¬¶“_³O\˜x Hê^ΰ. Mr. My father was not a business man Mr. then. J`Ç_È° J„¬C_È° JO`Ç `³e"³á#"Œ_È° Hê^ΰ. 'I. 6. "Í°=ò J„¬C_È° class mates Hê^ΰ. He. Q®`"Ç Œ~¡O. x#ß Ì‹•=ô …è^ΰ.. I was not a student of this college then. He was not an employee of this Ongole was not a big town in those company last year. 11. They were not Indian citizens once. Sonia Gandhi was not the party 9. He was not so clever then. N KÇOã^΃ì|° J„¬C_È° =òY¼=°Oãu Hê^ΰ.

8. those days. 15. J„¬C_È° „¬i‹²Ö`Ç°•° "ŒiH÷ J#°ä›••OQê …è=ô. yesterday. Circumstances were not favourable to them then. 20. J„¬C_È° |OQê~¡O ^•Î~¡ Z䛽ø=Qê …è^°Î . =¶ Q®`Ç „ã x² •‡•…˜ strict Hê^ΰ. x#ß =¶ journey comfortable Qê …è^ΰ. EXERCISE 13. 3. The items were not delicious in dinner yesterday. W•°Á MìmQê …è^ΰ. 162 . =¶ father J„¬C_È° "Œ¼‡•i Hê^ΰ. : 94406 16425 D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 15. x#ß dinner …Õ items ~¡°zQê …è=ô. 17. P"³° J„¬C_È° WO`Ç weak Qê …è^ΰ. x#ß cricket match P‹¬H÷ëH›~¡OQê …è^ΰ. "Í°=ò X Class …Õ classmates Hê^ΰ. Z A liar is seldom trusted. 1. 13. 9. 10. J„¬C_È° J`Ç_°È <Œä›½ JO`Ç ‹¬xß‚ì² `ÇO Hê^ΰ. last year chairman „¬ ^ Î q H÷ P†Ç ° # ‡é\©…Õ …è~¡°. P"³° last year =¶ class teacher Hê^ΰ. "Œ~¡° J„¬C_È° =¶ Hê•h "Œ‹¬°•° Hê~¡°. x#ß JH›ø_È …è^ΰ. Our cricket team was not so strong 2. programme interesting Qê 12. N "Œ*˜„ À ~ò J„¬C_È° =°# „ ã ^ ¬ •¥x Hê^ΰ. 7. x#ß function …Õ U~Œæ @ °Á ªÏH›~¡¼OQê …è=ô. 18. The circket match was not interesting yesterday. last month D 5. not comfortable to the guests 14. 4. guests ä› ½ The arrangements in the function were 11. =°# ãH÷ïH\˜ \©"£° J„¬C_È° JO`Ç |•"³°Ø#k Hê^ΰ. 19. He was not so intimate to me then. P ~ËA•…Õ "Œ¼‡•~¡°•° Jqhu„¬~¡°•° Hê~¡°. x#ß H›$‘•âZH±•„Ì ã ‹¹ late Hê…è^ΰ. then. 16. This house was not vacant last month.. <Í#° J„¬C_È° D H›ƒ Á …˜ Õ ‹¬ƒ•’°¼_È#° Hê#°. 14. Businessmen were not corrupted in 6. Last year J`Ç_È° P firm …Õ partner Hê^ΰ. Q®OQ®¶b J„¬C_È° team captain Hê^ΰ.

g°~¡° WO@sà_•†³°\˜…Õ =ôO_•<Œ~Œ? class mates 7. They Subject Qê L#ß„¬ô_È° "were" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Last month =~¡ ä › ½ P W•°Á MìmQê LO_•#^¥? Was that house vacant till last month? 10.R.T. EXAMPLES 1. h=ô J„¬C_È° P H›OÌ„h…Õ accountant Qê =ôO_•<Œ"Œ? Were you an accountant in that 3. D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ x#ß. Place or Condition ㄬtßOKÇ°@䛽 Past 'Be' forms J~ò# "Was / Were" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. You. x#ß exam hall …Õ LO_•<Œ~Œ? invigilator strict Qê Was the invigilator stirict in the exam hall yesterday ? . XH›„¬C_È° XOQË•° z#ß town Qê LO_Í^¥? Was Ongole a small town once? 163 9. "Œ~¡° XH›„¬C_È° c^Î"Œ~Œ? Were they poor once? 6. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ LO_•# Position. Q®`<Ç •³ . g° father XH›„C¬ _È° politics …Õ =ôO_•<Œ~Œ? company then? Was your father in politics once? 4. P"³° x#ß P~ËQ®¼OQê LO_•#^¥? Was she sick yesterday? 5. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ LO_•# ª•Ö#=ò (Position) ‹¬Ö•=ò (Place) ‹²Öu (Condition) Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. He. h=ô last year degree q^¥¼iÖ"Œ? Were you a degree student last year? 2.T. Q®`"Ç Œ~¡O.R. J„¬ C _È ° N. our Chief-minister then? Qê Were you class-mates in Intermediate? 8. It' Subject Qê L#ß„¬ô_È° "was" We.. J J g°~¡° J„¬C_È° D factory …Õ workers Qê =ôO_•<Œ~Œ? x#ß programme interesting Qê =ôO_•#^¥? J J x#ß h=ô leave …Õ =ôO_•<Œ"Œ? P"³° XH›„C¬ _È° g° WO\ÕÁ LO_•#^¥? „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° =°#=ò Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ LO_•# ª•Ö#=ò (Position) ‹¬Ö•=ò (Place) ‹²Öu (Condition) Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ 'I. She. =°# =òY¼=°Oã u Qê LO_•<Œ~Œ? Was N.

12. Who was the first Chief-minister of Andhra Pradesh? h=ô x#ß HêÁ ‹ ¬ ° ä› ½ ZO^Î ° ä› ½ absent 13. Howmany universities were there in our state ten years ago? x#ß g° annual day function H÷ chief guest Z=~¡°? Who was the chief-guest to your 7. x#ß h=ô ZO^ΰ䛽 leave …Õ L<Œß=ô ? 18. Last week h=ô Chennai LO_•<Œ"Œ ? 3. J„¬C_È° g° Branch Manager Z=~¡° ? Z annual day function yesterday ? Wise men love truth where as fools shun it. How was the question paper in the examination yesterday? N. JH›ø_È "Œ~¡° h䛽 helpful Qê LO_•<Œ~Œ? 6. LO_•#k ? Why was she in the hospital last month? 19.R. XH›„¬C_È° D house Z=ik ? 15. J`Ç _ È ° P =ô<Œß_È° ? time …Õ JH› ø _È ZO^Î ° ä› ½ 14. Why were you absent from the class yesterday? P time …Õ h=ô library ^ÎQ®¾~¡ ZO^ΰ䛽 14.T. x#ß h=ô special duty …Õ LO_•<Œ"Œ ? 4. 164 . 15. POã^•Î„ ã ^ ¬ ‰Í ˜ "³ò^Î\÷ =òY¼=°Oãu Z=~¡° ? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. x#ß match …Õ Indian team …Õ ZO`Ç =°Ok bowlers LO_•<Œ~¡° ? 13. g° father XH›„¬C_È° railway employee Qê LO_¨<Œ~Œ ? 9. h=ô J„¬C_È° VVM College q^¥¼iÖ"Œ ? 17. J~ò<Œ=ô? =ô<Œß=ô? Why were you near the library at that time? Last Sunday g°~¡° ZH›ø_È =ô<Œß~¡°? Where were you last Sunday? x#ß exams …Õ question paper Z…ì =ôO_•#k ? 1.T. : 94406 16425 'Wh' QUESTIONS EXERCISE 11. g° father XH›„¬C_È° g° Ti ‹¬~¡æOKŸQê LO_•<Œ~Œ ? 5.R's cabinet? ^ùOyeO„¬|_•# bag …Õ ZO`Ç amount =ôO_•#k ? 10.. x#ß circus show Z…ì =ôO_•#k ? 11. 10 ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡=ò• Hã `÷ OÇ =°# ~ŒRO…Õ Zxß universities =ôO_•#q ? 20. Last week h=ô camp …Õ LO_¨<Œ"Œ ? 12. x#ß g°~¡° busy Qê LO_•<Œ~Œ ? 2. Howmuch amount was there in the stolen bag? Last month P"³° hospital …Õ ZO^ΰ䛽 16. =°Oã u =~¡ ¾ O …Õ ZO`Ç = °Ok ministers =ôO_•<Œ~¡° ? Howmany ministers were there in N. x#ß h=ô class H÷ late J~ò<Œ"Œ ? 8.

Place. P†Ç°# x#ß office H÷ late Hê…è^¥? Wasn't he late to the office yesterday ? . He. EXAMPLES 1. You. Condition Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Wasn't / Weren't " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. x#ß cricket match P‹¬H÷ëH›~¡OQê …è^¥ ? x#ß g° ㄬ†Ç¶}O comfortable Qê …è^¥? J J J J x#ß absenties list …Õ J`Çx À„~¡° …è^¥? h=ô x#ß duty …Õ …è"Œ ? „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`OÇ …Õ =°#=ò LO_Èx XH› Position. They J~ò#„¬C_È° 'Weren't' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~¡°•`Ë =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß„¬C_È° Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ =°#=ò =ôO_È x XH› Position.. …èx XH› Position. Place. "Œ~¡° XH›„¬C_È° c^Î"Œ~¡° Hê^¥? Weren't they poor once? 165 6. x#ß P time …Õ <Í#° JH›ø_È …è<Œ? Wasn't I there at that time yesterday ? 7. "Í~ùH›~°¡ Qêx LO_Èx. She. x#ß party …Õ dinner ƒìQê …è^¥? Wasn't the dinner delicious in the party yesterday? 10. h=ô last q Hê^¥? year P offfice …Õ accountant Weren't you an accountant in that office last year? 2. D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ =°#=ò Qêx. x#ß question paper easy Qê …è^¥? Wasn't the question paper easy yesterday ? 9. Place or Condition Q® ° iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ Subject I. XH›„¬C_È° P†Ç°# P firm H÷ owner Hê^¥? Wasn't he the owner of that firm once ? 5. h=ô x#ß staff meeting …Õ …è"Œ? Weren't you in the staff meeting yesterday? 3. "Œ~¡° x#ß JH›ø_È busy Qê …è~Œ? Weren't they busy there yesterday? 8. x#ß ‰×x"Œ~¡=ò Hê^¥? Wasn't it Saturday yesterday ? 4. Condition Q®°iOz „ ã t ¬ ßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. It J~ò#„¬C_È° 'Wasn't' We.

P"³° x#ß function …Õ ZO^ΰ䛽 …è^ΰ? Why wasn't she in the function yesterday ? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. x#ß programme ƒìQê …è^¥? 2. 166 . x#ß JH›ø_È U problem …è^¥? 4. 1. h=ô x#ß JH›ø_È ‹¬i†³Ø°# ‹¬=°†Ç¶xH÷ ZO^ΰ䛽…è=ô? Why wasn't yester-India so strong as today's India? Z When love and skill work together. XH›„æ\ ¬ ÷ WO_•†Ç¶ D<Œ\÷ WO_•†Ç¶ JO`Ç |•OQê ZO^ΰ䛽 …è^ΰ? 15. x#ß ‡é\©…Õ h"³O^ΰ䛽 …è=ô? 7. WOk~ŒQêOn• =°Oãu=~¡O¾ …Õ M. J`Ç_È° h䛽 JH›ø_È ZO^ΰ䛽 …è_È°? : 94406 16425 helpful Qê Why wasn't he helpful to you there? 13. ‡ã •*ÿä½› •“ ° xiàOKÇ@O J„¬æ\÷ „ ã ƒ ¬ •’°`ŒÞxH÷ ª•^•Î¼„_¬ …È ^è ¥? 15. QêOn• Qêi ‹²^¥œO`Œ•° ‹¬i†³°Ø #qHê"Œ? 14. h=ô x#ß P time …Õ WO\ÕÁ ZO^ΰ䛽…è=ô? Why wasn't money valuable in those days? 12. P ~ËA•…Õ _È|°Ä䛽 ZO^ΰ䛽 q•°=…è^ΰ? 11.S. P ‹¬O^Î~Ä¡•O…Õ J`Ç_°È ‹¬O`Ë+¬OQê…è_¨? 9. x#ß\÷ match …Õ Ganguly ZO^ΰ䛽 …è_È°? Why wasn't Ganguly in yesterday's match? 17. D rules Jhß XH›„¬C_È° ZO^ΰ䛽…è=ô? Why weren't those days so fast as these days? 14. Olden days …Õ =°#^͉×O…Õ Jqhu…è^¥? 5. P ~ËA•…Õ money ‹¬ O ‡•kOKÇ @ O ZO^ΰ䛽 ‹¬°•ƒ•’O Hê^ΰ? 19. EXERCISE 'Wh' QUESTIONS 11. W„¬æ\÷ ~ËA•O`Ç "ÍQ®OQê J„¬æ\÷ ~ËA•° ZO^ΰ䛽 …è=ô? 13. P"³° x#ß journey …Õ *ìãQ®`ÇëQê ZO^ΰ䛽O_È …è^ΰ? 20. D chapter last year syllabus …Õ …è^¥? 3. x#ß h=ô English class …Õ ZO^ΰ䛽 …è=ô? Why weren't you in the English class yesterday? 12. J„¬æ\ÕÁ „¬O*샘 ‹¬=°‹¬¼ KŒ…ì H÷Á+¬“"³°Ø#k Hê^¥? first list …Õ ZO^Î ° ä› ½ …è ^ Î ° ? Why wasn't your name in the first list? Why weren't you in the competition yesterday? 16. Ongole XH› „ ¬ C _È ° Hê^¥? Guntur l…ìÁ … Õxk 18.. a masterpiece is expected. x#ß ZO^ΰ䛽 Ì‹•=ô Hê^ΰ? Why wasn't it a holiday yesterday? 8. hÀ „ ~¡ ° 6.R ‹¬ƒ•’°¼_°È Hê^¥? 10.

Ex : 1. I was not an employee then. NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM : Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° LO_Èx XH› Position. Wasn't he in the restaurant at that time? 3. Was she ill then? 3. I was sick yesterday. 3. Place. 3. Negative Question Form J#° 4 parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. 1. Place. POSITIVE FORM : Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ LO_•# XH› Position. 2. He was our group leader then. Place. Place. He was not on duty yesterday. D 4 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò. Ex : 1. We were on tour last week. Condition Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "was / were " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. They were absent from the class yesterday. 4. Condition Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Was not / Were not " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. We were not aware of it then. NEGATIVE FORM : Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° LO_Èx XH› Position. Were they at work at that time? 4. 3. 2. Negative Form 3. 'was / were' D ï~O_•O\÷x grammar …Õ Past Tense 'Be' forms JO\ì~¡ ° . Ex : 1. Ex : 1. Weren't they poor once? 4. Condition Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "was / were " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. Positive Form 2. Condition Q®°iOz „ ã t ¬ ßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Wasn't / Weren't " L„¬†¶ ³ yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 4. Was he in the hospital last month ? 4. 2.. Wasn't she in your house then ? 167 . : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ 'was / were' • Q®°iOz <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. Question Form 4. nx…Õ 1. Weren't you a hostler last year? 2. Were you on strike last week? 2. They were not Indians once. QUESTION FORM : Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ LO_•# XH› Position.

Question Form. : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs. I Form II Form III Form 321 hike hiked hiked 322 hire hired hired 323 hiss hissed hissed 324 hoist hoisted hoisted 325 horrify horrified horrified 326 hug hugged hugged 327 hunt hunted hunted 328 hurl hurled hurled 329 Identify identified identified 330 ignore ignored ignored 331 illtreat illtreated illtreated 332 imagine imagined imagined 333 impart imparted imparted 334 import imported imported 335 impose imposed imposed 336 impress impressed impressed 337 inaugurate inaugurated inaugurated 338 include included included 339 increase increased increased 340 indicate indicated indicated D ~ËA Meaning Ì„~¡Q®°@ J^³í䛽 f‹¬°Hù#°@ |°‹¬Hù@°“@ Ì„áH÷Z`Ç°ë@ ƒ•’†°Ç „Ì @°“@ HÒyeOKÇ°Hù#°@ "Í\ì_È°@ ^ùiÁOKÇ° Q®°~¡°ëOKÇ°Hù#°@ x~¡ÁH›Æ¼=òK͆Çò@ x~Œ^•Î~}¡ K͆ò Ç @ T‚²ìOKÇ°@ ƒÕk•OKÇ°@ kQ®°=°u K͆Çò@ qk•OKÇ°@ =°#‹¬°…Õ =òã^Î"͆Çò@ ‡ã •~¡Oa•OKÇ°@ H›•°„¬ôHù#°@ Ì„OKÇ°@ ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@ …Õx Positive Form. Negative Form. Negative Question Form ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 4 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. . "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O. Spoken English lesson Z 168 Prosperity makes friends and adversity tries them..

Rahul Dravid will be the next captain of our team.TV tomorrow. ö~„¬ô E-TV…Õ XH› =ôO@°Ok. 8. "Í°=ò WOHùH› ï~O_È° ‹¬O=`Ç•~Œ•° D \º<£…Õ<Í LO\ì=ò. 5. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° LO_ȃÕ=ô Position. EXAMPLES 1. I will be the Branch Manager next year. He will be your guardian hereafter. We will be the final year students next year. WH›#°Oz P†Ç°# h䛽 ‹¬O~¡H›Æ䛽_È°. . I will be in the meeting at this time tomorrow.FUTURE . D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’=+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ J#Qê ~ö „¬ô. =KÍ"ó Œ~¡O. 3. Qê 6. 4. P"³° g°ä›½ next year Head-mistress Qê LO\ì~¡°. We will be in this town two more years. <Í#° next LO\ì#°. Plural U^³á##¶ "will be" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 10. <Í#° ö~„¬ô D >ÿØO…Õ g°\÷OQ®°…Õ LO\ì#°. next two weeks <Í#° =¶ =îi…Õ LO\ì#°. ~Œ‚¬•…˜ ã^¥q_£ =°# \©O next captain. Tomorrow will be a holiday. year Branch Manager 2. He will be the winner of the match tomorrow. J J N Ì+Hê=`Ÿ next President Qê LO\ì~¡°. „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ LO_ȃÕ=ô ª•Ö#=ò (Position) ‹¬Ö•=ò (Place) ‹²Öu (Condition) Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. 9. "Œ~¡° WH›#°Oz =°#`Ë<Í LO\ì~¡°. : 94406 16425 'BE' FORMS . special programme There will be a special programme on E. * Note : Subject Singular. 169 7.. =KÍ<ó •³ . She will be your Head-mistress next year. Place or Condition ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 Future 'Be' form J~ò# "Will be" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.WILL BE XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ LO_ȃÕ=ô ª•Ö#=ò (Position) ‹¬Ö•=ò (Place) ‹²Öu (Condition) Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ° KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. ö~„¬ô Ì‹•=ô. J J <Í#° next year officer Qê =ôO\ì#°. "Í°=ò next year final year q^¥¼~¡°Ö•°Qê LO\ì=ò. ö~„¬ô match winner J`Ç_Í.

N=°u =¶•u 2008 =~¡ä›½ D scool …Õ Head-mistress Qê LO\ì~¡°. 13. 19. N=°u =°OA• =¶ Hê…è l H÷ Principal Qê =ôO\ì~¡°. ö~„¬\÷ =¶¼KŸ…Õ ~Œ‚¬•…˜ ã^¥q_£ ïHÌ„“<£Qê =ôO\ì_È°. "Í ° =ò WH› # °Oz KŒ…ì LO\ì=ò. 12. 2008 =~¡ä›½ N=°u ªéx†Ç¶ QêOn• HêOãQï ‹¹ ‡•s“ J^•Î¼ä›½Æ ~ŒeQê LO\ì~¡°. <Í#° ö~„¬ô KŒ…ì busy Qê LO\ì#°. 15. We will be very strict in administration hereafter. The price of mango will be cheap next two months. ~ö „¬ô ‡•s“ KŒ…ì grand Qê =ôO@°Ok. =¶ brother LO\ì_È°. training : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 12. 20. There will be a staff meeting in the office tomorrow. 17. =KÍó ~ï O_È° <³••° D ‡ã •O`ÇO…Õ =~ŒÂ•° LO\ì~ò. 16. 5. "Œ~¡° WH› =¶ WO\ÕÁ<Í LO\ì~¡°. <Í#° h䛽 WH›ø_È helpful Qê =ôO\ì#°. 10. "Í°=ò h䛽 JH›ø_È KŒ…ì =ôO\ì=ò. careful Qê next Chairman 11. 170 . next There will be a 15 day training after the selection. "Í°=ò WH›#°Oz LO\ì=ò. <Í#° ö~„¬ô D >ÿØ"£°H÷ _ȶ¼\©…Õ LO\ì#°. There will be rains in this area next two months. Z One man's meat is another man's poison. ö~„¬ô WH›ø_È "Œ`Œ=~¡}O KÇ•ÁQê LO@°Ok. =KÍ ó "Í ‹ ¬ q …Õ water fã=OQê LO@°Ok. 2. 3. I will be very busy tomorrow. 11. Dª•i question =ôO@°Ok. 18. 9. 7. next year university …Õ 13. problem KŒ…ì Water problem will be severe next summer. The weather will be cold here tomorrow. =KÍó ~ï O_È° <³••° =¶q°_• ^•Î~¡ KñH›Qê LO@°Ok. 14. The party will be very grand tomorrow. "Í°=ò WH› administration …Õ KŒ…ì strict Qê LO\ì=ò. …Õ 8. J`Ç_È° P committee H÷ Qê LO\ì_È°. helpful Qê We will be helpful to you there. Ì‹•H›Æ<£ `Ç~¡°"Œ`Ç 15 ~ËA• =ôO@°Ok. ö ~ „¬ ô match KŒ…ì =ôO@°Ok. 4.. sincere Qê interesting Qê paper easy Qê work 6. 1. ö~„¬ô P„¦Ô‹¬°…Õ staff meeting =ôO@°Ok.

‹²u Ö Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. "Í°=ò WH› J`ÇxH÷ helpful Qê LO_È=ò. J J „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~°¡ LO_Èx ª•Ö#=ò. J`Ç_È° ö~„¬ô duty …Õ LO_È_È°. 8. referee Qê J`Ç _ È ° He won't be the referee in the match tomorrow. "Œ~¡° WH› h䛽 helpful Qê LO_È~¡°. I won't be at home at this time tomorrow. Ganguly won't be the captain of our team in the next series. Tomorrow will not be a holiday. 2. We won't be helpful to him hereafter. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^³#á #° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ LO_Èx XH› ª•Ö#=ò (Position) ‹¬• Ö =ò (Place) ‹²Öu (Condition) ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Will not + be" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. 10. P"³° WH› P LO_È~¡°. <Í#° ö~„¬ô D time H÷ WO\ÕÁ LO_È#°. 6. Plural U^³á##° "Will not be" =KÇ°ó#°. =KÍ<ó •³ . ö~„¬ô Ì‹•=ô =ôO_È^ΰ. 171 5. 7. Next series H÷ Ganguly =°# team captain Qê LO_È_È°. * Note : Subject Singular. school Head-mistress Qê She won't be the Head-mistress of that school hereafter. ‹¬•Ö =ò. ö ~ „¬ \ ÷ match …Õ LO_È_È°.. "Í°=ò next year D college q^¥¼~¡°•Ö °Qê LO_È=ò. =KÍ"ó Œ~¡O. 4. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ LO_Èx ª•Ö#=ò (Position) ‹¬Ö•=ò (place) ‹²Öu (Condition) Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. "Í°=ò next year D town …Õ LO_È=ò. We won't be the students of this college next year. D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ J#Qê ~ö „¬ô. EXAMPLES 1. 9. He won't be on duty tomorrow. P"³° ö~„¬ô JH›ø_È free Qê LO_È^ΰ. We won't be in this town hereafter. J J <Í#° ö~„¬ô duty …Õ LO_È#°. I won't be a member of that party hereafter. 3. <Í#° WH› P party member Qê LO_È#°. . "Í°=ò WH› D town …Õ LO_È=ò.

Z An industrious man is sure to get on. g°ä›½ JH›ø_È U q^•Î"°³ #Ø objection LO_È^°Î . 14. 17. 5. party H÷ D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 9. Next year g°ä› ½ syllabus heavy Qê LO_È^ΰ. P"³° WH› =°#`Ë LO_È^ΰ. EXERCISE I won't be careless hereafter. J`Ç_È° next elections H÷ ‡é\©…Õ LO_È_È°. 6. This business won't be profitable hereafter. ö~„¬\÷ programme …Õ U =¶~¡°æ LO_È^ΰ. 11. U q^•Î"°³ #Ø damage H÷ <Í#° ƒì^•Î°¼_È°Qê LO_È#°. I won't be responsible for any damage. Group-I officer 14. 12. She won't be with us hereafter. P"³° next year hostel …Õ LO_È^ΰ. "Œ~¡° ö~„¬ô D time H÷ office …Õ LO_È~¡°. 1. WH› D "Œ¼‡•~¡=ò …샕’^¥†Ç°H›OQê LO_È^ΰ. ~ŒƒÕ†Í° ~ËA•…Õ _È|°Ä ‹¬O‡•kOKÇ_OÈ easy Qê LO_È^ΰ. D interview `Ç~¡°"Œ`Ç g°ä›½ LO_È^ΰ. 8. ö~„¬ô work …Õ delay LO_È^ΰ. 11. 15. 10. "Œ~¡° WH› D field …Õ LO_È~¡°. ~ö „¬ô =°# town …Õ power supply LO_È^°Î . 172 . 16. : 94406 16425 president Qê He won't be the president of the party hereafter. We won't be partners of that firm hereafter. 13. "Í°=ò WH› P firm partners Qê LO_È=ò.. <Í#° WH› "Œi care taker Qê LO_È#°. He won't be in service after 58 years of age. JH›ø_È D =°O^ΰ•° •a•OKÇ=ô. ZxßH›• `Ç~¡°"Œ`Ç J`Ç_È° P LO_È_È°. <Í#° WH› careless Qê LO_È#°. 13. post …Õ He won't be in that post after the elections. 19. 18. 7. JQ® ° @ä› ½ hä› ½ D knowledge KŒ•^ΰ. D ï~O_È° <³•…Õ D ㇕O`ÇO…Õ =~¡ÂO LO_È^ΰ. 20. training There won't be any training after this interview. 3. <Í#° WH› J`Çx`Ë close Qê LO_È#° 2. 58 ‹¬OII =†Ç°‹¬°• `Ç~°¡ "Œ`Ç P†Ç°# service …Õ LO_È~¡°. 12. "Í°=ò WH› office H÷ late J==ò. P†Ç°# WH› P LO_È~¡°. 15. 4. There won't be any change in tomorrow's programme.

P†Ç ° # next time ‡é\©…Õ LO\ì~Œ ? chairman „¬ ^ Î q H÷ Will he be in the competition for the post of the chairman next time ? 9. EXAMPLES 1. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM XHùøøª•i =°#=ò ƒ•’q+¬Ê†Ç°`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ LO_ȃÕ=ô ª•Ö#=ò (Position). g°~¡ ° <Œä› ½ D q+¬ † Ç ° O…Õ LO\ì~Œ ? Will you be at home tomorrow helpful Will you be helpful to me in this matter? 3. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡=ò. h=ô ö~„¬ô leave …Õ LO\ì"Œ ? 7. Plural U^³á##¶ 'Will be' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. h=ô ~ö „¬ô ª•†Ç°Oã`OÇ WO\÷ ^ÎQ~¾® ¡ LO\ì~Œ? Will you be on leve tomorrow ? 2. ‹²Öu (Condition) Q®°iOz ㄬtOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. =KÍó <³•. * Note : Subject Singular. ö~„¬ô office …Õ staff-meeting LO@°O^¥? Will there be staff-metting in the office tomorrow ? 10. g° father next week camp …Õ LO\ì~Œ? Will your father be on camp next week? 4. D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ ~ö „¬ô. place or condition Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@䛽 Future 'BE' Form J~ò# ' Will + be' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. place. h=ô next year LO\ì"Œ ? University student Qê Will you be a university student next year ? 5. P"³° WH› g°`Ë<Í LO@°O^¥ ? Will she be with you hereafter ? 6. ‹¬Ö•=ò (Place). =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° LO_ȃÕ=ô position. =KÍó "Œ~¡O. position. "Œ~¡° WH› #°OK³á<Œ careful Qê LO\ì~Œ? Will they be careful hereafter ? 173 evening? 8.. J J ö~„¬ô h=ô town …Õ LO\ì"Œ ? "Œ~¡° ö~„¬ô busy Qê LO\ì~Œ J J P"³° WOH› g° `Ë<Í LO@°O^¥ ? g°~¡° ö~„¬ô D time H÷ exam hall …Õ LO\ì~Œ ? „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~°¡ LO_ȃÕ=ô condition #° Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ° KÇ°#ßq. P†Ç°# P party H÷ LO\ì~Œ ? next president Qê Will he be the next president of the party ? .

Who will be the next President of India? 13. 8. h=ô next month Hyderabad …Õ Zxß ~ËA•° LO\ì=ô ? Howmany days will you be in Hyderabad next month ? 14. 174 . : 94406 16425 'Wh' QUESTIONS EXERCISE 11. g° next programme Uq° =ôO@°Ok ? What will be you next programme ? 17. 4. 6. 7. =ôO@°Ok ? When will be the next meeting ? 13. 2.. Next meeting Z„¬C_È° 12. Z„¬C_È° LO@°Ok? When will be the Main exam. H÷ next year #°Oz Zxß subjects LO\ì~ò ? Hã ù`Çë =°Oãu =~¡O¾ …Õ ZO`Ç =°Ok =°Oã`°Ç •° LO\ì~¡° ? h ㄬ†Ç°`Œß• „¦¬e`ÇO Z…ì =ôO@°Ok ? g° college H÷ next principal Z=~¡° ? Next world cup ãH÷ïH\˜ ‡é\©•° ZH›ø_È LO\ì~ò ? Z Great thoughts always come from pure heart. for 3. 9. Group-I posts ? 18. Group-I Main exam. 11. ö~„¬ô Ì‹•=ôO^ΰ䛽 =ôO@°Ok ? Why will there be a holiday tomorrow? 20.C. University „¬sH›Æ•° When will Z„¬C_È° LO\ì~ò ? be the university examinations ? 19. H÷ next LO\ì~¡° ? India president Qê Z=~¡ ° 1. ã H ù`Ç ë H› q °\© … Õ ZO`Ç = °Ok ‹¬ ƒ •’ ° ¼•° LO\ì~¡° ? Howmany members will be there in the new committee ? 16. Where will you be at this time tomorrow? 12.S. 5. P book price ZO`Ç =ôO@°Ok ? What will be the price of that book ? 15. 10. 14. 15. ö~„¬ô D time H÷ g°~¡° ZH›ø_È LO\ì~¡° ? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. Next year h=ô hostel Next series H÷ …Õ LO\ì"Œ ? Lakshman team …Õ =ôO\ì_¨ ? ö~„¬ô J`Ç_È° free Qê LO\ì_¨ ? ö~„¬ô JH›ø_È entertainment programmes LO\ì†Ç¶ ? g° parents WH› #°Oz g° `Ë<Í =ôO\ì~Œ? "Œ~¡° D ª•i „¬sH›•Æ time …Õ strict Qê LO\ì~Œ ? g°~¡ ° ö ~ „¬ ô D time H÷ journey …Õ =ôO\ì~Œ? ö~„¬ô working day <Œ ? ƒ•’q+¬Ê†Ç°`Ç°…ë Õ computing …Õ progress LO@°O^¥ ? D products 䛽 ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ demand H÷ LO@°O^¥ ? S.

J`Ç_È° ö~„¬ô duty …Õ LO_È_¨? Won't he be on duty tomorrow ? 4. =KÍ ó World LO_È_¨? Won't you be at home tomorrow? 2. We J~ò#„¬C_È° 'Shalln't' You. Place. P"³ ° next year hostel …Õ LO_È ^ ¥? Won't she be in the hostel next year? 5. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ =°#=ò =ôO_Èx XH› Position. He. Condition #° ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. Place or Condition Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ J#Qê ~ö „¬ô.. Condition Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Shalln't / Won't " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Place. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx U W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^³#á #° =°#=ò Qêx. Wk ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°ë…Õ XH› L„¬†³¶Q®H›~¡"³°Ø# course Qê LO_È^¥? Won't it be a useful course in future? 10. They J~ò#„¬C_È° 'Won't' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Note : EXAMPLES 1. "Í~ùH›~°¡ Qêx LO_Èx. She. h=ô WH› g°^Î@ =¶`Ë LO_È"Œ? Won't you be with us hereafter? 175 Cup team …Õ Ganguly Won't Ganguly be in the team for the next World Cup? 8. "Œ~¡° =°#䛽 JH›ø_È helpful Qê LO_È~Œ? Won't they be helpful to us there? 6. =KÍ"ó Œ~¡O. ö~„¬ô JH›ø_È U ‹¬=°‹¬¼ LO_È^¥? Won't there be any problem there tomorrow? 9. * "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ Subject I. India ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ XH› ‰×H= ë÷ O`Ç"°³ # Ø ^͉O× Qê LO_È^¥? Won't India be a powerful nation in future? . h=ô ö~„¬ô WO\÷ ^ÎQ®¾~¡ LO_È"Œ? 7. g°~¡° ö~„¬ô 5 LO_È~Œ? pm `Ç~¡°"Œ`Ç office …Õ Won't you be in the office after 5 pm tomorrow? 3. XH› Position. It. =KÍ<ó •³ . h=ô ö~„¬ô free Qê LO_È"Œ ? "Œ~¡° WH› =°#`Ë LO_È~Œ? J J J J g°~¡° D q+¬†Ç°O…Õ J`ÇxH÷ helpful Qê LO_È~Œ? J`Ç_È° =KÍó ZxßH›•ä›½ ‡é\©…Õ LO_È_¨? „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ XH›~°¡ LO_Èx XH› Postion.

176 . P"³° P~ËQ®¼OQê ZO^ΰ䛽 =ôO_È^ΰ? Why won't she be healthy? 16. : 94406 16425 'Wh' QUESTIONS EXERCISE 11. P†Ç°# P LO_È~Œ? college H÷ next Principal Qê 3. h=ô ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ ZO^ΰ䛽 successful Qê LO_È=ô? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. J`Ç_°È WH› h ƒ•ìQ®ª•Þq°Qê LO_È_¨? 9. Next year #°O_• degree course ZO^ΰ䛽 ‹¬°•ƒ•’OQê =ôO_È^°Î ? Why won't the Degree course be easy from next year on words? 20. ö~„¬ô Ì‹•=ô =ôO_È^¥? 8. D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽 =~ŒÂ•° =ôO_È=ô? Z The hands that help are holier than the lips that pray.. "Œ~¡° WH› g°^Î@ ZO^ΰ䛽 H›e‹²=ôO_È~¡°? 13. ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ ƒ•ì~¡`^Ç ‰Í O× …Õ Jqhu LO_È^¥? 7. g°~¡° WH› P club …Õ members Qê ZO^ΰ䛽 =ôO_È~¡°? 12. D course g°ïHO^ΰ䛽 useful Qê LO_È^°Î ? Why won't this course be useful to you? 13. h=ô ö~„¬ô camp …Õ LO_È"Œ? 2. J`Ç_°È ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ =°Oz ZO^ΰ䛽O_È_È°? position …Õ Why won't he be in a good position in future? 15. "Œ~¡° Dª•i ‡é\©…Õ ZO^ΰ䛽 =ôO_È~°¡ ? Why won't they be in the competition this time? 17. "Œ~¡ ° D ~¡ O Q® O …Õ ZO^Î ° ä› ½ ‹² Ö ~ ¡ O Qê LO_È~¡°? Why won't they be constant in this field? 1. J`Ç_È° P „¬^Îq…Õ Z䛽ø= Hê•O ZO^ΰ䛽 LO_È_È°? 15. "Œ~¡° WH› P Ti…Õ LO_È~Œ? 5. P†Ç°# WH› P post …Õ ZO^ΰ䛽 =ôO_È_È°? 10. h=ô WH› g°^Î @ <Œ`Ë ZO^Î ° ä› ½ co-operative Qê LO_È=ô? 14. ƒ•’q+¬¼`°Ç …ë Õ soft -ware H÷ ZO^ΰ䛽 _•=¶O_£ =ôO_È^ΰ? Why won't there be demand for software in future? 14. Why won't you be successful in future? 12. g°~¡° ö~„¬ô P game …Õ LO_È~Œ? 6. P"³° next year D dept …Õ LO_È^¥? 4. D book =°#ä› ½ =ô„¬†³¶Q®„¬_È^ΰ? ZO^Î ° ä› ½ Why won't this book be useful to us? 19. h=ô ö ~ „¬ ô =ôO_È=ô? discussions …Õ ZO^Î ° ä› ½ 11. h=ô ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ "Œ¼‡•~¡~O¡ Q®O…Õ ZO^ΰ䛽 LO_È=ô? Why won't you be in the business field in future? 18.

nxx grammar …Õ Future Tense 'Be' form JO\ì~¡°. 2. 4. They will be good at English after the coaching. Will he be successful in his attempt? 2. Positive Form 2. Won't they be strong after this victory ? 177 . They won't be in power after the next elections. Will you be careful next time? 4. Place. perminently? 4. QUESTION FORM : Vƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ LO_ȃÕ=ô XH› Position. Ex : 1. He won't be troublesome in future. 1. Ex : 1. D 4 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò. 2.A. I won't be in this section next year. Ex : 1. 3. Place.S.. Condition Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Shalln't / Won't + be " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. Place. 4. We won't be present in the party tomorrow. Won't the match be on live relay? 4. 2. Ex : 1. Negative Form 3. nx…Õ 1.night? 3. POSITIVE FORM : Vƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ LO_ȃÕ=ô XH› Position. Shall we be here to . : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ 'won't be' Q®°iOz <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. 3. Condition Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Shall / Will + be " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Shalln't we be strict with them? 2. Negative Question Form J#° 4 parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. We will be in the conference hall tomorrow. 3. Place. Condition Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "will not be " (won't be) L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. NEGATIVE FORM : Vƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ LO_Èx XH› Position. Will they be in the U. Question Form 4. NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM : Vƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ LO_Èx XH› Position. Condition Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 Future "be" form J~ò# "will be " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. Won't you be harmful to them there? 3. I will be a law graduate next year. He will be alright after the treatment.

Negative Form. Spoken English lesson Z 178 A good name is got by many actions and lost by one. Question Form. I Form II Form 341 inform informed informed 342 injure injured injured 343 inquire inquired inquired 344 insist insisted insisted 345 inspect inspected inspected 346 inspire inspired inspired 347 intend intended intended 348 interefere interefered interefered 349 interrupt interrupted interrupted 350 introduce introduced introduced 351 invade invaded invaded 352 invent invented invented 353 invite invited invited 354 join joined joined 355 juggle juggled juggled 356 jump jumped jumped 357 kick kicked kicked 358 kidnap kidnapped kidnapped 359 kill killed killed 360 kiss kissed kissed D ~ËA III Form Meaning `³e†Ç°*è†Çò@ Qê†Ç°„¬_È°@ qKŒiOKÇ°@ x~¡•Ä O^•Î„~¬ K ¡ °Ç @ `ÇxvK͆Çò@ ãÀ„ö~„²OKÇ°@ `Ç•OKÇ°@ *ÕH›¼OKÍ‹¬°Hù#°@ J_È°ÛHù#°@ „¬iKdžǰ=òK͆Çò@ ^ÎO_³`Ç°ë@ ãHù`ÇëQê H›#°Qù#°@ P‚¬ðÞxOKÇ°@ KÍ~¡°@ Qê~¡_™K͆Çò@ ^ΰ=ò䛽@. Negative Question Form ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 4 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs.. . ^¥@°@ `Ç#°ß@ |•`ÇŒø~¡=òQê =°#°+¬µ•<³`Ç°ëHùx‡é=ô KÇO„¬ô@ =ò^ΰíÌ„@°“Hù#°@ …Õx Positive Form. "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O.

"Œ~¡° KŒ…ìHê•OQê =¶ ‡Ú~¡°Q®°# =ô<Œß~°¡ . 9. I have been a student of this college for four years. J J J J P"³° KŒ…ì Hê•OQê J<Œ~ËQ®¼OQê L#ßk. 3. Krishna Babu has been the Collector of Prakasam District for the past two years. 7. Malathi Devi has been our Principal for the past five years. N=°u =¶•f^Íq Q®`Ç 5 ‹¬OII•°Qê =¶ Hê…èl „ã x² •‡•…˜Qê =ô<Œß~°¡ .D. 4. <Í#° Q®`Ç 10 ‹¬O=`Ç•~Œ•°Qê D H›O„ Ì h L^˼yQê =ô<Œß#°.D.PRESENT PERFECT. Mrs. 179 I have been an employee of this company for the past ten years. D q^•Î=òQê „ã ‹¬ °¬ `ë =Ç ò =°#=ò L#ß XH› Position. 'I. Zxß <³••°. N KÇOã^΃ì|° 1994 #°O_• T. „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° =°#=ò „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë = Ç ò L#ß ª•Ö#=ò (Position) ‹¬•Ö =ò (Place) ‹²u Ö (Condition) …Õ ZO`ÇHê•OQê L#ßn ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq.P. <Í#° Q®`Ç <Œ•°Q®° ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡=ò•°Qê D college student Qê =ô<Œß#°. I have been a member of this club since 1985. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ Qê L#ß„¬ô_È° "Have been" He. Place or Condition …Õ ZO`Ç Hê•OQê . She. H› $ +¬ â ƒ ì|° Q® ` Ç ï ~ O_È ° ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡=ò•°Qê „ ã H¬ ê‰×Ol…ìÁ H›…Hÿ ~“› °¡ Qê =ô<Œß~¡°. We. "Í°=ò 1995 #°O_• D town …Õ L<Œß=ò. 6. 2. since 1994. We have been the residents of this colony since 1995. Zxß ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡=ò•°Qê L#ßk ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 'Have been' / 'Has been' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°.HAVE BEEN / HAS BEEN XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë = Ç ò L#ß ª•Ö#=ò (Position) ‹¬Ö•=ò (Place) ‹²Öu (Condition) …Õ ZO`ÇHê•OQê L#ßn ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. "Œ~¡° Q®`Ç 5 ‹¬OI • #°O_• U. It Subject Qê L#ß„¬ô_È° "Has been" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. : 94406 16425 'BE' FORMS . =¶ cousin KŒ…ì Hê•OQê K³ < ³ ß å … Õ LO@°<Œß_È°. Zxß ~ËA•°. They have been our neighbours for a long time. 8.S. . <Í#° Q®`Ç 5 ‹¬OI •°Qê D Hê…èl…Õ lecturer Qê L<Œß#°. 5. They ' Subject EXAMPLES 1.T.. …Õ =ô<Œß~¡°.\÷ . <Í#° 1985 #°Oz D H›ƒ Á ˜ ‹¬ƒ•’°¼_•Qê =ô<Œß#°. Sri Chandra Babu has been the President of the T. You. Sri M.P.A. N †Ç ° O. J^•Î¼ä›½Æ •°Qê L<Œß~°¡ . My cousin has been in Chennai for a long time. "Í°=ò 1995 #°O_• D Hê•h "Œ‹¬°•°Qê =ô<Œß=ò.

He has been angry with me since then. J„¬æ\÷#°Oz J`Ç_È° active Qê =ô<Œß_È°. One must hope for better times. <Í # ° 2. <Œ z#ß`# Ç O #°O_• =¶ Q®°~¡°=ô. =ô#ßk. N KÇOã^΃ì|° `Ç# college ~ËA• #°O_Í ~Œ[H©†Ç¶•…Õ L<Œß~¡°. 13. 10. Q®`Ç "Œ~¡O ~ËA•°Qê degree students stricke …Õ L<Œß~¡°. Q®`Ç 4 ‹¬OII•°Qê P case ^Î~Œ¼„¬ôë…Õ L#ßk. J`Ç_È° Q®`Ç 20 ‹¬OII•°Qê `³•°Q®°^͉×O Hê~¡¼H›~¡ë Qê L<Œß_È°. 12. 19. Q®`Ç "Œ~¡O ~ËA•°Qê "Œ`Œ=~¡}O KÇ•ÁQê L#ßk. 10. We have been very busy for the past one week. 13. He has been active since then. 1. x#ß\÷ #°Oz P"³° =¶ WO\ÕÁ<Í L#ßk. That case has been under trial for ten years. Q®`Ç 25 ‹¬OII•°Qê „¬tó=° ƒÿOQê…˜ …Õ H›=ü¼x‹¬°“ ‡•s“ Jk•Hê~¡=ò…Õ L#ßk. KŒ…ìHê•OQê P"³° J<Œ~ËQ®¼OQê =ô#ßk. Harish and I have been close friends since childhood. 3. z#ß ` Ç # =ò #°O_• =¶ grandparents `Ë<Í L<Œß#°. The weather has been cold for the last one week. EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. "Í°=ò KŒ…ì Hê•OQê D state …Õ<Í LO@°<Œß=ò. 8. <Í#° 1995 #°O_• D ‹¬O‹¬…Ö Õ L^˼yx. z#ß„æ¬\÷ #°O_• Harish =°i†Çò <Í#° close friends Qê =ô<Œß=ò. P case Q®`Ç 10 ‹¬O=`Ç•~Œ•°Qê qKŒ~¡}…Õ : 94406 16425 5. P ‹¬O‹¬Ö ª•Ö„O² z# <Œ\÷ #°O_• P†Ç°# ^¥xH÷ chairman Qê L<Œß~¡°. J„¬æ¬\÷#°Oz P†Ç°# <Œg°^Î HË„¬OQê =ô<Œß~¡°.. 7. "Í°=ò Q®`Ç HùO`Ç Hê•OQê troubles …Õ L<Œß=ò. 12. father <Œä›½ My father has been my teacher since my childhood. They have been helpful to me for a few days. "Œ~¡° Q®`Ç 25 ‹¬OII•°Qê =¶ town …Õ leading businessmen Qê L<Œß~¡°. She has been ill for a long time. She has been in the hospital for ten days. 18. Q®`Ç 20 ‹¬OII•°Qê J`Ç_°È "ŒiH÷ #=°àH›"°³ # Ø À‹=䛽_È°Qê L<Œß_È. 16. 4. 6. Q®`Ç <Œ•°Q®° ~ËA•°Qê P†Ç°# leave =ô<Œß~¡°. Z 180 . 14. P"³° Q®`Ç "Œ~¡O ~ËA•°Qê HË=¶…Õ L#ßk. 15. P"³° 10 ~ËA•°Qê hospital …Õ =ô#ßk. …Õ He has been on leave for the past four days. 14. Q®`HÇ ùkí~ËA•°Qê "Œ~¡° <Œä›½ KŒ…ì helpful Qê =ô<Œß~¡°. 11. 11. Q®`Ç "Œ~¡O ~ËA•°Qê "Í°=ò KŒ…ì busy Qê =ô<Œß=ò. 9. 20. 15. 17. Q®`Ç 15 ‹¬OII•°Qê P†Ç°# lawyer Qê L<Œß~¡°.

Q®`Ç "Œ~¡O ~ËA•°Qê =¶ hostel …Õ food ƒìQ®°O_È@O…è^ΰ. 3. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ L#ß„¬C_È° "have not been". 5. Condition Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Have / Has + not + been" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. J "Í°=ò HùO`Ç Hê•OQê J`ÇxH÷ helpful Qê …è=ò. Q®`Ç 10 ~ËA•°Qê =¶ colony …Õ water supply …è^ΰ. Subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° "has not been" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Sachin Q®`Ç ~ ï O_È° series •…Õ =°Oz form …Õ…è_È°. place. J J„¬æ\÷ #°O_• "Œ~¡° WH›ø_È …è~°¡ . There has not been any problem to us for the past few days. J J <Í#° <Œ•°Q®° ~ËA• #°Oz duty …Õ …è#°. 181 10. I. There has not been water supply in our colony for the past ten days. Place. It –> EXAMPLES 1. . 7. This car has not been in use for the past two months. I have not been in the town for two days. place. 2. "Í°=ò Q®`Ç "Œ~¡O ~ËA•°Qê duty …Õ …è=ò. They have not been with us for the past one year. She has not been at home since yesterday. You. Q®`Ç ~ï O_È° ‹¬O=`Ç•~Œ•°Qê P „¬^HΊ =› ò J=°•°…Õ…è^°Î . 9. 6.. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë = Ç ò HùO`Ç Hê•OQê =°#=ò LO_Èx XH› position. Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO HùO`ÇHê•OQê XH›~¡° LO_Èx XH› position. We have not been on duty for the past one week. She. 8. D q^•Î=òQê „ã ‹¬ °¬ `ë =Ç ò =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#䛽 Q®`Ç HùO`ÇHê•OQê =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° LO_Èx XH› Position. condition Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. 4. D car Q®`Ç ï~O_È° <³••°Qê use …Õ …è^ΰ. He has not been close with us for the past few days. Sachin has not been in good form for the past two series. condition Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. The food has not been good in our hostel for the past one week Q®`Ç Hùxß ~ËA•°Qê =¶ä›½ U problem …è^ΰ. <Í#° ï~O_È° ~ËA•°Qê town …Õ …è#°. They –> Subject Qê He. J`Ç _ È ° Q® ` Ç Hùxß ~ËA•°Qê =¶`Ë ‹¬xß‚²ì`ÇOQê LO_È@O…è^ΰ. We. P"³° x#ß\÷ #°Oz WO\ÕÁ …è^ΰ. "Œ~¡° Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡OQê =¶`Ë LO_È@O…è^°Î .

16. …Õ…è_È°.. There hasnot been any development in Telangana area for a few years. P"³° x#ß\÷ #°O_• ‹¬æ $‚¬ì…Õ …è~°¡ . 12. P†Ç°# HùO`ÇHê•OQê P post …Õ …è~¡°. Q® ` Ç Hùkí ~ËA•°Qê =¶ "Œ¼‡•~¡ O …샕’^¥†Ç°H›OQê …è^°Î . Q®`Ç ï~O_È° ~ËA•°Qê Q®°[~Œ`Ÿ…Õ „¬i‹²Öu J^ΰ„¬ô…Õ…è^ΰ. 3. He hasnot been helpful to us for some time. Ganguly hasnot been in the team for the last two series. "Œ~¡ ° J„¬ æ \ ÷ #°Oz =¶`Ë =°OzQê (‹¬‚ì¬ $^¥Ä•=O`Ë) =ôO_È@O …è^°Î . 1995 #°Oz Ì ‚ á ì ^Î ~ Œƒì^£ …Õ =°`Ç „¦¬°~¡Â}•°…è=ô. 15. Q®`Ç ~ï O_È° ‹¬O=`Ç•~Œ•°Qê =¶ ‡ã •O`ÇO…Õ ‹¬i†³Ø°# =~ŒÂ•° …è=ô. 15. 5. 20. 14. HùO`ÇHê•OQê J`Ç_°È =¶ä›½ helpful Qê …è_°È . They havenot been in good terms with us since then. J„¬æ\#÷ °O_• "Œ~¡° partners Qê …è~¡°. Q®`Ç Hùxß <³••°Qê P"³° P~ËQ®¼O ƒìQê …è^ΰ. Q®`Ç Hùkí <³••°Qê P product 䛽 demand …è^ΰ. 11. : 94406 16425 13. Q®`Ç Hùxß ‹¬O=`Ç•~Œ•°Qê P college …Õ ãH›=°tH›Æ}…è^ΰ. EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. J`Çx `ÇO_ ã • =°~¡}O ^ÎQ~¾® ¡ #°Oz J`Ç_°È ‹¬O`Ë+¬OQê …è_È°. Q®`Ç Hùxß ~ËA•°Qê J`Ç_°È active Qê …è_°È . Q®`Ç 5 ‹¬OII•°Qê P†Ç°# ~Œ[H©†Ç¶•…Õ …è~¡°. He has not been in the office since morning. 4. Q®`Ç Hùkí ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡=ò•°Qê `³•OQê} ‡ã •O`ÇO…Õ Ja•=$kœ…^è °Î . 8. 9. 12. 13. There hasnot been any standard in the education system for a decade. <Í#° ï~O_È° ~ËA•°Qê free Qê …è#°. Q® ` Ç 6 <³ • •°Qê D medicines ^ù~¡H›@O…è^ΰ. D ~ËA L^Ά°Ç O #°O_• P†Ç°# office …Õ …è~¡°. Q®`Ç ï~O_È° <³••°Qê P"³° P~ËQ®¼ „¬i‹²Öu ƒìQê …è^ΰ. Q®`Ç ï~O_È° series • #°O_• Ganguly team 11. "Œi father =°~¡}O #°O_• "Œ~¡° WH›ø_È LO_È@O…è^ΰ. 1. x#ß L^ΆǰO #°Oz =¶ colony …Õ power supply …è^ΰ. 18. Z The hand that rocks the cradle is the hand that rules the world. 14. 182 . Q® ` Ç Hùxß ‹¬ O =`Ç • ~Œ•°Qê WH› ø _• "Œ`Œ=~¡ } O =¼=ª•†Ç ° =ò#ä› ½ J#°ä›••OQê…è^ΰ. Her health hasnot been good for the past few months. XH› ^Ή§|í Hê•OQê „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë Ç q^¥¼q^•¥#O…Õ standard LO_È@O…è^ΰ. Our business hasnot been profitable for the past few days. There have not been sufficient rains in our area for the past two years. 6. 10. 17. He hasnot been happy since his father's death. 7. 19. 2.

g°~¡ ° 1995 #°O_• D LO@°<Œß~Œ? town …Õ<Í Have you been in this town since 1995? 3. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ I. "Œ~¡° <Œ•°Q®° ~ËA•°Qê busy Qê =ô<Œß~Œ? Have they been busy for four days? 183 7. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë = Ç ò XH›~°¡ L#ß Position. You. They –> Subject Qê He. J„¬æ\÷ #°Oz J`Ç_È° h䛽 =ô<Œß_¨? helpful Qê Has he been helpful to you since then? 9. z#ß„æ\ ¬ ÷ #°O_• g°i^Î~í ¶¡ „Ìã O¦ _£•Qê =ô<Œß~Œ?. Have you been friends since childhood days? 10. Condition …Õ ZO`ÇHê•OQê =ôO@°#ß q+¬†Ç°O Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. J J h=ô 4 ‹¬OII•°Qê WH›ø_È L^˼yQê =ô<Œß"Œ? J g°~¡° Q®`Ç 10 ‹¬OII•°Qê D town …Õ =ô<Œß~Œ? KŒ…ìHê•OQê P"³° J<Œ~ËQ®¼OQê =ô#ß^¥? J "Œ~¡° 2001 #°O_• D field …Õ =ô<Œß~Œ? „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° XH›~°¡ „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë OÇ =ô#ß XH› Position. Place. P"³° P~¡° <³••°Qê g°`Ë<Í =ô#ß^¥? Has she been with you for six months? 5.. <Œ•°Q®° ~ËA•°Qê "Œ`Œ=~¡}O KÇ•ÁQê =ô#ß^¥? Has the climate been cold for four days? . J„¬æ\÷ #°O_• g°~¡° D WO\ÕÁ<Í L<Œß~Œ? Have you been in this house since then? 8. D q^•Î=òQê „ã ‹¬ °¬ `ë =Ç ò =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò# XH›~°¡ =ô#ß XH› Position. She. Condition …Õ ZO`ÇHê•OQê LO@°<Œß~Ë ã„¬tßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. 2001 #°O_• P†Ç°# g° ㄲx•‡•…˜Qê =ô<Œß~Œ? Have you been a student of this college for four years? Has he been your Principal since 2001? 2. g° father ï ~ O_È ° ‹¬ O =`Ç • ~Œ•°Qê J<Œ~ËQ®¼OQê =ô<Œß~Œ? Has your father been ill for two years? 4. Place. We. Condition …Õ Z„¬æ\÷ #°O_• =ôO@°<Œß~Ë „ ã t¬ ßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Have / Has + been" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. EXAMPLES 1. h=ô <Œ•°Q®° ‹¬O=`Ç•~Œ•°Qê D student Qê =ô<Œß"Œ? college 6. It –> L#ß„¬C_È° 'Have been' Subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'Has been' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Place.

g°~¡° ZO`ÇHê•OQê J`Çx`Ë ‹¬xß‚²ì`ÇOQê =ô<Œß~¡°? 10.. "Œ~¡° ZO`ÇHê•OQê "Œ¼‡•~¡ ~¡OQ®O…Õ L<Œß~¡°? Howlong have they been in the business field? 16. Q®`Ç ï~O_È° ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡=ò•°Qê J`Ç_È° D office incharge Qê =ô<Œß_¨? 9. …Õ Howlong have your cousins been in the U.S. g° father ZO`Ç H ê•OQê politics …Õ L<Œß~¡°? 12. P†Ç°# ZO`ÇHê•OQê D profession …Õ =ô<Œß~¡°? 14. ZO`Ç H ê•OQê ‹¬xß‚²ì`Ç°•°? g°~¡ ° XH› i HùH› ~ ¡ ° Howlong have you been close to each other? 15.S. x#ß\÷ #°O_• "Œ`Œ=~¡}O WH›ø_È KÇ•QÁ ê =ô#ß^¥? 8. "Œ~¡° ZO`ÇHê•OQê WO_•†Ç¶…Õ =ô<Œß~°¡ ? 15. P†Ç°# P ‹¬O‹¬äÖ ½› ZO`ÇHê•OQê K•³~á à¡ <£Qê =ô<Œß~¡°? Howlong has he been the Chairman of that firm? 17. P"³° ZO`ÇHê•OQê g°`Ë =ô#ßk? 13. 184 . Wxß ‹¬O=`Ç•~Œ•°Qê g°ä›½ Z=~¡° =ô<Œß~¡°? guardian Qê Who has been your guardian all these years? 19. 11. g° cousins ZO`Ç H ê•OQê =ô<Œß~¡°? U. ZO`ÇHê•OQê P"³° J<Œ~ËQ®¼OQê =ô#ßk? Howlong has she been ill? 14. h=ô ~ï O_È° Q®O@• #°O_• WH›ø_Í =ô<Œß"Œ? 3.A.A? : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. "Œ~¡° L^ΆǰO #°O_• laboratory …Õ =ô<Œß~Œ? 7. g° father Q®`Ç ~ï O_È° ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡=ò•°Qê D bank manager Qê L<Œß~Œ? 2. P"³° Q®`Ç"Œ~¡O ~ËA•°Qê hospital …Õ =ô#ß^¥? 6. g°~¡° Q®`Ç 5 ‹¬O=`Ç•~Œ•°Qê H›q°\© "³°O|~Ÿ•Qê =ô<Œß~Œ? 4. h=ô ZO`ÇHê•OQê D ‹¬O‹¬Ö…Õ L^˼yQê =ô<Œß=ô? Howlong have you been an employee of this firm? 12. h=ô ZO`ÇHê•OQê J`Çx À‹ß‚²ì`Ç°_•Qê =ô<Œß=ô? Z A prophet is not honoured in his own country. 1. Wxß ~ËA•°Qê g°~¡ ° ZH› ø _È L<Œß ~ ¡ ° ? Where have you been all these days? 18. Wxß ~ËA•°Qê h=ô JH›ø_È XO@iQê Z…ì =ô<Œß=ô? How have you been alone there all these days? 20. P†Ç°# 1990 #°O_• g° Ti ‹¬~æ¡OKŸQê =ô<Œß~Œ? 5. h=ô ZO`ÇHê•OQê D H›q°\© ‹¬ƒ•’°¼_È°Qê L<Œß=ô? 11. g°~¡° ZO`ÇHê•OQê D town …Õ L<Œß~¡°? Howlong have you been in this town? 13.

Negative Form 3. 3. Have you been busy for one week ? 2. Place or Condition …Õ ZO`Ç Hê•OQê LO@°#ßn ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò`Ë ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Have been / Has been" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. nx…Õ 1. Condition ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "havenot been / has not been" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ 'Have been / Has been" • Q®°iOz <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. Have they been here since morning ? 3. D 3 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò. Ex : 1. POSITIVE FORM : ㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç=ò =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° L#ß XH› Position. 3. 2. Has she been sick since yesterday ? 185 . We have not been in the office since morning. He has been ill for a long time. 3. She has been with us since July last. 2. We have been on special duty for three days.. QUESTION FORM : ㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç=ò =°#=ò=ô#ß XH› position. Positive Form 2. Have been / Has been J#° nxx grammar …Õ Present Perfect 'Be' form JO\ì~¡°. Ex : 1. Ex : 1. 1. 2. Place. NEGATIVE FORM : Q®`ÇO…Õx HùO`ÇHê•OQê =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° …è#@°=O\÷ XH› Position. I have been here since 7 'O' clock. Question Form J#° 3 parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. condition •…Õ ZO`Ç Hê•OQê =ôO@°#ßn ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Have been / Has been" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. place. She hasnot been well for one week. 4. I havenot been in the town for two days. Has he been your Principal for four years ? 4.

: 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs. Negative Question Form ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 3 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O. . Spoken English lesson Z 186 A proud mind and a poor purse are illmet. Negative Form. Q®`ǰ䛽@ ƒ•’†°Ç „¬_°È @ H›~¡yOKÇ° h\÷…Õ `Ç•OKÇ°@ Q®_ÈÛH›@°“@ qKŒ~¡=ò `³•°„¬ô@ Hê•=ò fi‡é=ô@ q=òH÷ëK͆Çò@ „¬xx ‡•_È°K͆ò Ç @ ƒã •’=°„¬~K ¡ °Ç @ H÷`Œ|° WKÇ°ó@ |°°A=ô K͆Çò@ "³°KÇ°óHù#°@ …Õx Positive Form. Question Form.. I Form II Form III Form 361 knock knocked knocked 362 lack lacked lacked 363 lag lagged lagged 364 lament lamented lamented 365 laugh laughed laughed 366 lessen lessened lessened 367 levy levied levied 368 lick licked licked 369 dread dreaded dreaded 370 dissolve dissolved dissolved 371 conceive conceived conceived 372 congeal congealed congealed 373 condole condoled condoled 374 elapse elapsed elapsed 375 emancipate emancipated emancipated 376 foozle foozeled foozeled 377 confound confounded confounded 378 certify certified certified 379 prove proved proved 380 praise praised praised D ~ËA Meaning `Ç@°“@ Hù~¡=|_•=ôO_È°@ "³#°H›|_•†ÇòO_È°@ ~Ëk•OKÇ°@ #=ôÞ@ `Çy¾OKÇ°@ qk•OKÇ°@ <Œä›½@.

D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ ~ö „¬ô. we) ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ P „¬#°•#° K͆ò Ç L^Í‰í ¼× =ò#° Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. to Hyderabad next January. : 94406 16425 SHALL =°#=ò ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ Hùxß „¬#°•° K͆°Ç =…ÿ ##° L^Í‰í ¼× =ò H›ey †ÇòO^ΰ=ò. J J WKÇ@ =° # =ò `Ç„¬æH› K͆Çò„¬#°•° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@…è^ΰ . "Í°=ò =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O <³•¶Á~°¡ …Õ branch open Kͪ•ë=ò. 6. We shall settle down in Vijayawada next year. =KÍó <³•. 'Shall' J#° form öH=•O I. 187 8. 2. …èH› "Í°=ò (we). '<ŒÑ L^Íí‰×¼=ò '<Í#°Ñ ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@ Ð 'I shall' '=¶Ñ L^Íí‰×¼=ò#° "Í°=ò ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@ Ð 'We shall' * Note : EXAMPLES 1. öH=•O XH› „¬xx K͆Çò L^Íí‰×¼=ò#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@. J <Í#° next month scooter HùO\ì#°. "Í°=ò =KÍó [#=i…Õ family Hyderabad H÷ shift Kͪ•ë=ò. 4. I shall leave for Delhi soon. XHùøH›øª•i W`Ç~¡°•`Ë =¶\ìÁ_È° KÇ°#ß„¬ô_È° =°#=ò (I.. =¶ I shall invite my friends to my house next Sunday. 10. <Í#° =KÍó Pk"Œ~¡O =¶ WO\÷H÷ invite Kͪ•ë#°. I shall join the computer course next month. I shall take a decision about my studies next week. <Í#° ö~„¬ô leave apply Kͪ•ë#°. <Í#° =KÍó "Œ~¡O <Œ L^˼Q®O Q®°iOz XH› x~¡â†Ç°O f‹¬°ä›½O\ì#°. <Í # ° ö ~ „¬ ô Ì ‹ q°<Œ~Ÿ … Õ ‡•…ç¾ O \ì#°. <Í#°=KÍó <³• computer course join J=ô`Œ#°. We shall visit Mysore next week. 3. We shall open a branch in Nellore next year. friends x 9. J "Í°=ò D ª•i ^΋~¬ Œ „¬O_È°Q® =¶ Ti…Õ [~¡°„¬ô䛽O\ì=ò. I shall participate in the seminar. "Í ° =ò ö ~ „¬ ô g°\÷ O Q· … Õ D q+¬ † Ç ° O KÇiªó •ë=ò. "Í°=ò =KÍó "Œ~¡O "³°‹ Ø ¶ ¬ ~Ÿ visit Kͪ•ë=ò. "Í°=ò =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O q[†Ç°"Œ_È…Õ settle J=ô`Œ=ò. We J#° subjects 䛽 =¶ã`Ç"Í° =KÇ°ó#°. We shall shift our family 5. =°#=ò XH› „¬xx K͆Çò L^Íí‰×¼=ò#° (idea) ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Shall + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. =KÍó "Œ~¡O. 7. We shall discuss this matter in the meeting tomorrow. "Í°=ò D town …Õ<Í settle J=ô`Œ=ò. . <Í#°`ÇÞ~¡…Õ Delhi "³ˆ×`Œ#°. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx U W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³#á #° <Í#° (I) .

<Í#° ö~„¬ô "ŒiH÷ D q+¬†Ç°O `³e†Ç°*誕ë#°. <Í#° next time P job HË‹¬O ㄬ†Ç°`ÇßO Kͪ•ë#°. 1. <Í#° =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡=ò Q®°O@¶~¡° A.in the SBI tomorrow. <Í#° ~ö „¬ô x#°ß P„¦‹ Ô °¬ …Õ H›•°ª•ë#°. 3. 15. "Í°=ò ö~„¬ô g°\÷OQ·H÷ Jxß U~Œæ@°Á Kͪ•ë=ò. "Í°=ò ö~„¬ô JH›ø_È guests 䛽 =‹¬u U~Œæ@° Kͪ•ë=ò. 5. [~¡°„¬ô`Œ=ò. <Í#° next summer …Õ English grammar <Í~¡°ó䛽O\ì#°. I shall apply for leave next week. 14. 15. 20. 10. 18.000/. 13. <Í#° ö~„¬ô SBI …Õ ~¡¶. 188 . 17. "Í°=ò =KÍó _•Ì‹O|~Ÿ…Õ Hù`Çë WO\ÕÁH÷ shift J=ô`Œ=ò. We shall consult the Bank Manager next Monday. 12. "Í°=ò =KÍó "Œ~¡O „Ì O_••OQ· files clear Kͪ•ë=ò. 4. 2. Z Cut your coat according to the cloth. <Í#° ö~„¬ô marriage …Õ J`ÇxH÷ XH› watch present Kͪ•ë#°. 19. I shall deposit Rs. "Í°=ò `ÇÞ~¡…Õ WH›ø_È W•°Á construct Kͪ•ë=ò. We shall vacate that house next month. We shall provide accommodation for the guests there tomorrow. "Í ° =ò =KÍ ó "Œ~¡ O H© Þ *˜ ‡é\© x~¡Þ‚²ìª•ë=ò. 6.C. 13. We shall celebrate the annual day next April. "Í°=ò =KÍó <³• P W•°Á Mìm Kͪ•ë=ò. I shall inform them this news tomorrow . We shall make all the arrangements for the meeting tomorrow. "Í ° =ò D ª•i function H÷ =¶ |O^•Î°=ô•O^Îih P‚¬ðÞxª•ë=ò. 11. <Í # ° ö ~ „¬ ô J`Ç x `Ë D q+¬ † Ç ° O =¶\ìÁ_È°`Œ#°. 11. 7. 8. I shall try for that job next time. <Í#° D ª•i ZxßH›•…Õ BJP H÷ F@° "ͪ•ë#°. Hê…èl…Õ join J=ô`Œ#°.000/Ð _•‡•l\˜ Kͪ•ë#°. 9. "Í°=ò =KÍó <³• 5 # =¶ ‡•„¬ birthday KŒ…ì grand Qê celebrate Kͪ•ë=ò. <Í#° next week leave H÷ apply 14. <Í#° =KÍó "Œ~¡O bank test H÷ appear J=ô`Œ#°. "Í°=ò next Monday bank Manager #° consult J=ô`Œ=ò. I shall appear for the bank test next week. 50. 16. <Í#° =KÍó <³• ãHù`Çë course …Õ join J=ô`Œ#°. 50. <Í#° ö~„¬ô D q+¬†Ç°O…Õ h䛽 help Kͪ•ë#°. "Í°=ò =KÍó "Í‹¬q…Õ tour x~¡Þ‚²ìª•ë=ò. "Í°=ò =KÍó Uㄲ…˜…Õ annual day 12 Kͪ•ë#°.. : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•.

4. J J <Í#° ö~„¬ô JH›ø_È"Œix H›•°=#°. Subject Qê L#ß„¬ô_È° =¶ã`Ç"Í° 'Shall notÑ L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx I. =KÍ"ó Œ~¡O. <Í # ° next year D Hê…è l …Õ work We shall not celebrate the annual day this time. We shall not postpone the meeting this time. We shall not interefere in their matter this time. „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~°¡ XH› „¬xK͆ò Ç L^Í‰í ¼× =ò …èH›‡é=ô@#° Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ° KÇ°#ßq. I shall not work in this college next year. We) `Œ#° K͆ǰx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 ''''Shall + not + I form of the VerbÑÑÑÑ L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. <Í#° WH› J`Çx ‹¬‚¬ð†Ç°O HË~¡#°. 2. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ =°#䛽 XH›„¬x K͆Çò L^Íí‰×¼=ò …è䛽O_È°@#° Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ° KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. .. 8. "Í°=ò D ª•i annual day celebrate K͆ǰ=ò. I shall not talk to him this matter tomorrow. We. I shall not accompany them to Nellore tomorrow. "Í°=ò Dª•i "Œi q+¬†Ç°O…Õ *ÕH›¼O KÍ‹¬°HË=ò. "Í°=ò =KÍó <³• D course …Õ join J==ò. J <Í#° next May …Õ EAMCET H÷ appear J=#°. computer class 3. D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ ~ö „¬ô. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx U W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³#á #° =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß =¼H÷ë (speaker) <Í#° …èH› "Í°=ò (I . "Í ° =ò D ª•i g°\÷ O Q· postpone 9. =KÍ<ó •³ . <Í # ° ö ~ „¬ ô J`Ç x `Ë D q+¬ † Ç ° =ò =¶\ìÁ_È#°. 7. <Í#° ö~„¬ô J=#°. EXAMPLES 1. We shall not join this course next month. 189 10. K͆ǰ=ò. K͆ǰ#°. I shall not attend the computer class tomorrow. "Í°=ò "Œi q+¬†Ç°O…Õ *ÕH›¼O KÍ‹¬°HË=ò. "Í°=ò ö~„¬ô strike …Õ ‡•…ç¾#=ò. We shall not participate in the strike tomorrow. J "Í°=ò =KÍó"Œ~¡O P programme …Õ ‡•…ç¾#=ò. 5. I shall not seek his help hereafter. <Í#° ö~„¬ô "ŒiH÷ `Ë_È°Qê <³•¶Á~¡° "³ˆ×¤#°. H÷ attend 6.

"Í°=ò D ª•i farewell party celebrate K͆ǰ=ò. <Í#° WH› <Œ time waste K͆ǰ#°. We shall not stay at that hotel this time. 8. "Í°=ò D ª•i P hotel …Õ stay K͆°Ç =ò. 12. <Í#° =KÍó <³• =¶ native place H÷ "³ˆ×¤#°. "Í°=ò D q+¬†Ç°O…Õ "ŒiH÷ K͆ǰ=ò. 4. "Í°=ò D <³• house rent pay K͆ǰ=ò. <Í#° degree `Ç~¡°"Œ`Ç studies continue K͆ǰ#°. "Í°=ò WH› "ŒiÌ„á P^•¥~¡„_ ¬ = È ò. 16. 11. brother H÷ money 3. 20. 190 . 13. Z tomorrow. 17. support 13. Spare the rod and spoil the child. <Í#° ö~„¬ô "Œi`Ë K³<³áß "³ˆ×¤#°. <Í#° ö~„¬ô Hê…èlH÷ ~Œ#°. "Í°=ò D ª•i J`ÇxH÷ W=Þ=ò. : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. <Í#° Dª•i f‹¬°HË#°. 5.. "Í°=ò D ª•i work delay K͆ǰ=ò. 18. <Í#° ö~„¬ô D q+¬†Ç°O J`ÇxH÷ K³„¬æ#°. trouble 11. <Í#° WH› J`Çx`Ë move J=#°. "Í ° =ò next Q®_È„¬=ò. We shall not lend him money this time. tomorrow. 9. 15. <Í#° =KÍó <³• =¶ „¬O„¬#°. <Í#° D ª•i test H÷ apply K͆ǰ#°. next month. 10. 14. "Í°=ò Dª•i tournments x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ=ò. "Í ° =ò ö ~ „¬ ô JH› ø _È "Œi HË‹¬ O K͆ǰ=ò. I shall not send money to my brother next month. I shall not go to my native place next month. 19. money J„¬CQê EAMCET 䛽 coaching I shall not take coaching for the EAMCET this time. I shall not come to college tomorrow. 14. month holidays WH›ø_È We shall not spend our holidays here 6. We shall not wait for them there 2. <Í#° ö~„¬ô P„¦Ô‹¬°…Õ duty H÷ attend J=#°. I shall not apply for the test this time. "Í°=ò WH› J`Çxx #=°à=ò. "Í°=ò "ŒiH÷ D q+¬†Ç°O…Õ U W=Þ=ò. <Í#° D book refer K͆ǰ#°. 15. "Í ° =ò ö ~ „¬ ô JH› ø _È K͆ǰ=ò. 7. work continue We shall not continue the work there 12. wait 1.

J J <Í#° ö~„¬ô J`ÇxH÷ letter ã"ŒÀ‹^¥ ? <Í#° =KÍó <³• h䛽 money „¬OÀ„^¥? J J =°#=ò =KÍó Pk"Œ~¡O picnic "³ˆ×^¥=¶? <Í#° h䛽 shop #°O_•book f‹¬°ä›½=KÍ^ó ¥? „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ <Í#° …èH› =°#=ò XH› „¬xx K͆ǰ^ΕKÇ° L^Íí‰×¼=ò#° ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß =¼H÷ë …èH› =¼ä›½ë•° (<Í#° …èH› =°#=ò) XH› „¬xx K͆ǰƒÕ=ô L^Íí‰×¼=ò#° ㄬtßOKÇ°@䛽 "Shall + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ <Í#° …èH› =°#=ò XH› „¬xx K͆ǰ^ΕKÇ° L^Íí‰×¼=ò#° ㄬtßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. =KÍó<³•. =°#=ò D ª•i function H÷ H›…ÿH›“~Ÿ#° invite KÍ^¥í=¶? guest Qê Shall we invite the Collector as guest to the function this time? . =°#=ò ö~„¬ô J`ÇxH÷ marriage …Õ XH› watch present KÍ^¥í=¶? Shall we present him a watch in the marriage tomorrow? 10. =KÍó"Œ~¡O. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Shall J#° D form 'I' =°i†Çò 'We' J#° subjects 䛽 =¶ã`Ç"Í° L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. <Í#° ö~„¬ô <³•¶Á~¡°H÷ h䛽 `Ë_È°Qê =KÍó^¥? shall I accompany you to Nellore tomorrow? 8.. <Í#° ö~„¬ô g° P„¦Ô‹¬°H÷ =KÍó^¥? Shall I come to your office tomorrow? 2. <Í#° D q+¬†Ç°O ö~„¬ô "ŒiH÷ KÍÀ‹^¥? inform Shall I Inform them this matter tomorrow? 5. <Í#° ö~„¬ô h HË‹¬O WO\÷ ^ÎQ®¾~¡ KÍÀ‹^¥? wait Shall I wait for you at home tomorrow? 7. D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°ë…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ ö~„¬ô. =°#=ò next Sunday farewell party celebrate KÍ^¥í=¶? Shall we celebrate the farewell party next Sunday? 191 6. EXAMPLES 1. =°#=ò next Sunday picnic "³ˆ×^¥=¶? Shall we go on a picnic next Sunday? 3. =°#=ò next Monday consult J=ô^¥=¶? manager #° Shall we consult the Manager next Monday? 4. =°#=ò next KÍ^¥í=¶? month Mysore visit Shall we visit Mysore next month? 9.

=°#=ò new house …ÕH÷ Z„¬C_È° J=ô^¥=ò? shift When shall we shift to the new house? 3. =°#=ò ö~„¬ô J`ÇxH÷ ZO`Ç KÍ^¥í=ò? money pay Howmuch money shall we pay him tomorrow? 7. <Í#° ~ö „¬ô ƒì¼OH± #°O_• money withdraw KÍÀ‹^¥? 10. =°#=ò =°# „² • Á • #° ‹¬¶ø…ÕÁ admit KÍ^¥í=ò? 14. <Í#° ö~„¬ô h䛽 D q+¬†Ç°O Q®°~¡°ë KÍÀ‹^¥? 6.. <Í#° ö~„¬ô g° father H÷ Uq° K³À„æk? What shall I tell your father tomorrow? 6. Where shall I wait for you tomorrow? 2. <Í#° D book f‹¬°Hù<Í^¥? 9. =°#=ò next month D KÍ^¥í=¶? house vacate 5. =°#=ò MBA H÷ ZH›ø_È apply KÍ^¥í=ò? Where shall we apply for MBA? 10. : 94406 16425 EXERCISE 'Wh' QUESTIONS 1. <Í#° ö~„¬ô "ŒiH÷ D message „¬OÀ„^¥? 3. <Í#° g° WO\÷H÷ Z„¬C_È° =KÍók? 13. =°#=ò al<³‹¹…Õ ZO`Ç amount invest KÍ^¥í=ò? 1. guests Next Sunday =°#=ò ZH›ø_•H÷ "³ˆ×^¥=ò? Howmuch amount shall we invest in Z the business? A stitch in time saves nine. <Í#° ö~„¬ô evening show H÷ =°#H÷ tickets book KÍÀ‹^¥? 4. <Í#° D point dairy …Õ note KÍ‹°¬ Hù<Í^¥? 11. =°#=ò next week invitation cards distribute KÍ^¥í=¶? 7. <Í#° ö~„¬ô hHË‹¬O ZH›ø_È wait KÍÀ‹k? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. <Í#° h䛽 Chennai #°O_• Uq° `³Kk óÍ ? What shall I bring for you from Chennai? 4. 192 . =°#=ò house KÍ^¥í=ò? work Z„¬ C _È ° start 12. =°#=ò ö~„¬ô classes boycot KÍ^¥í=¶? 2. =°#=ò ö~„¬ô JH›ø_È Z=ix J=ô^¥=ò? consult Whom shall we consult there tomorrow? 9. =°#=ò next U course join J=ô^¥=ò? Which course Shall we join next? 5. =°#=ò ö~„¬ô Hyderabad …Õ U ‚¬ìÙ@…˜…Õ stay KÍ^¥í=ò? In which hotel Shall we stay in Hyderabad tomorrow ? 8. ö~„¬ô next year U 䛽 =°#=ò =‹¬u ZH›ø_È provide KÍ^¥í=ò ? 15.

EXAMPLES 1. "Í ° =ò ö ~ „¬ ô g°HË‹¬ O JH› ø _È K͆ǰ=^¥í? wait Shalln't we wait there for you tomorrow? 10. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^³#á #° <Í#° (I) …èH› "Í°=ò . <Í#° J`ÇxH÷ help K͆ǰ=^¥í? Shalln't I help him? . * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ I. <Í # ° ö ~ „¬ ô bank #°O_• K͆ǰ=^¥í? money draw Shalln't I withdraw money from the bank tomorrow? 9. D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ J#Qê ~ö „¬ô. H›#°H› "Shalln't " =KÇ°ó#°. =°#=ò (we) J#Qê =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß =¼H÷ë (speaker) `Œ#° K͆ǰx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Shalln't + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. =°#=ò ö ~ „¬ ô J`Ç x H÷ K͆ǰ=^¥í? money pay Shalln't we pay him money tomorrow? 5. <Í#° ö~„¬ô J`ÇxH÷ D q+¬†Ç°O K³„¬æ=^¥í? Shalln't I tell him this matter tomorrow? 4. <Í#° ö~„¬ô WH›ø_È䛽 ~Œ=^¥í? Shalln't I come here tomorrow? 2. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ =°#=ò K͆ǰx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. =KÍó "Œ~¡O. <Í#° D letter post K͆ǰ=^¥í? Shalln't I post this letter? 7.. =°#=ò D q+¬†Ç°O "ŒiH÷ `³•°„¬=^¥í? Shalln't we inform them this matter? 8. We =¶ã`Ç"Í° Subject Qê LO_È°#°. =°#=ò ö ~ „¬ ô "Œi`Ë D q+¬ † Ç ° O KÇióOKÇ=^¥í? Shalln't we discuss this matter with them tomorrow? 3. J J <Í#° ö~„¬ô JH›ø_È J`Çxx H›•°==^¥í? <Í#° =°~¡• WH›ø_•H÷ uiy ~Œ=^¥í? J J =°#=ò ö~„¬ô P function H÷ attend Hê=^¥í ? =°#=ò D test H÷ appear Hê=^¥í? Ì „ á "ŒH› ¼ =ò•° ƒ•’ q +¬ ¼ `Ç ° ë … Õ =°#=ò KÍ † Ç ° x XH› „¬ x x Q® ° iOz ã „ ¬ t ß O KÇ ° @#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. =KÍó <³•. "Í ° =ò ö ~ „¬ ô JH› ø _•H÷ "³ ˆ × ¤ = ^¥í ? Shalln't we go there tomorrow? 193 6.

194 . =°#=ò ö~„¬ô "Œix invite K͆ǰ=^¥í? 8. =°#=ò ö~„¬ô J`ÇxH÷ phone K͆ǰ=^¥í? 6.. =°#=ò Dª•i "ŒiÌ„á P^•¥~¡„_ ¬ = È ^¥í? 3. =°#=ò D ª•i "Œi ‹¬‚𬠆ǰO ZO^ΰ䛽 HË~¡=^ΰí? Why shalln't we seek their help this time? 14. ~ö „¬ô JH›ø_•H÷ =°#=ò ZO^ΰ䛽 "³ˆ¤= × ^ΰ?í D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. <Í#° D photograph J`ÇxH÷ KǶ„¬=^¥í? 2. =°#O ö ~ „¬ ô "Œˆ× ¤ ` Ë P_È=^ΰí? match ZO^Î ° ä› ½ Why shalln't we play match against them tomorrow? 17. <Í#° ö~„¬ô J`ÇxH÷ `Ë_È°Qê "³ˆ×¤=^¥í? 10. ~ö „¬ô "Í°=ò JH›ø_È ZO^ΰ䛽 stayK͆°Ç =^ΰ?í Why shalln't we stay there tomorrow? 16. ö~„¬ô g°`Ë <Í<³O^ΰ䛽 ~Œ=^ΰí? Why shalln't I come with you tomorrow? 15. <Í # ° ö ~ „¬ ô JH› ø _È J`Ç x x ZO^Î ° ä› ½ H›•°==^ΰí? 12. : 94406 16425 'Wh' QUESTIONS EXERCISE 11. Why shalln't we go there tomorrow? 12. <Í#° ö~„¬ô P file ZO^ΰ䛽 `Í=^ΰí? Why shalln't we send him money? 19. <Í#° D medicine ZO^ΰ䛽 f‹¬°HË=^ΰí? Z A bad workman complains of his tools. =°#=ò P WO\ÕÁH÷ ZO^ΰ䛽 shift Hê=^ΰí? Why shalln't we shift to that house? 20. ö~„¬ô <Í#° duty H÷ ZO^ΰ䛽 attend Hê=^ΰí? Why shalln't I attend the duty tomorrow? 13. <Í#° ö~„¬ô D bill pay K͆ǰ=^¥í? 7. <Í#° D letters type K͆ǰ=^¥í? 4. =°#=ò J`Ç x H÷ „¬O„¬=^ΰí? money ZO^Î ° ä› ½ 1. =°#=ò May …Õ test H÷ appear J==^¥í? 11. =°#=ò J`Çxx D q+¬†Ç°O ZO^ΰ䛽 J_ÈQ®=^ΰí? 13. =°#=ò JH› ø _È f‹¬°HË=^ΰí? dinner ZO^Î ° ä› ½ 15. =°#=ò JH›ø_È "Œix ‹¬OㄬkOKÇ=^¥í? 9. <Í # ° "Œi`Ë Dq+¬ † Ç ° O ZO^Î ° ä› ½ =¶\ìÁ_È=^ΰí? Why shalln't I talk to them this matter? 18. P programme …Õ "Í ° =ò ZO^Î ° ä› ½ ‡•…ç¾#=^ΰ?í Why shalln't we participate in that programme? 14. =°#=ò D HË~¡°• KÍ~= ¡ ^¥í? 5.

Negative Form 3. We shall not stay here tomorrow. Ex : 1. I shall not join this course. Negative Question Form J#° 4 parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. 2. QUESTION FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ XH› „¬xx K͆ò Ç L^͉œ ¼× =ò#° Q®°iOz „ ã t ¬ ßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Shall + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 1. nx…Õ =°#=ò 1. We . 3. NEGATIVE FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ XH› „¬xx K͆°Ç H› ‡é=ô@#° (L^͉œ ¼× =ò …èH)› negative sense …Õ ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Shall not + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 'Shall' J#° ^¥xx grammar …Õ Anomalous Verb . I shall appear for the I-CET next May.(Future Form) JO\ì~¡°. I shall not continue my studies next year. Shall we play a friendly match next Sunday? 4. : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ 'Shall' Q®°iOz <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò.Subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° =¶ã`Ç"Í° 'shall' =KÇ°ó#°. Shall we visit Mysore next month? 3. Shalln't I bring books for you? 4. 3. 3. NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM : Vƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ =°#=ò K͆°Ç x XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz (L^͉œ ¼× =ò …èH)› negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Shalln't + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. We shall organize a tour next month. Shall I consult the Manager tomorrow? 2. 4. Ex : 1. POSITIVE FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ XH› „¬xx K͆ò Ç L^͉œ ¼× =ò#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Shall + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.. Question Form 4. Shalln't I wait for you tomorrow? 2. Positive Form 2. 2. Shalln't we stay here tonight? 195 . We shall not seek his help in this matter. We shall celebrate the Farewell Party next Sunday. I shall meet you tomorrow. I. Shalln't we invite them to the party next week? 3. Ex : 1. Ex : 1. D 4 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò. Shall I come here tomorrow? 4. 4. 2.

I Form II Form III Form 381. listen listened listened 384. mock mocked mocked 398. Negative Form. Negative Question Form ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 4 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. mourn mourned mourned 399. move moved moved 400. mediate mediated mediated 390. murmer murmered murmered D ~ËA Meaning Ì„áïH`Ç°ë@ ƒ•ì~¡=ò#° `ÇyO¾ KÇ° q#°@ x=tOKÇ°@ ‹¬Ö•=ò#° H›#°Q®ù#° x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ°@ [i„²OKÇ°@ q"Œ‚¬ì=¶_È°@ =°^•Î¼‹¬=Ö ò K͆ò Ç ‹¬iK͆Çò@ ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@ XH›\÷ K͆Çò@ H›•°„¬ôHù#°@ Q®°i `Ç„¬ôæ@. marry married married 389. merge merged merged 393. live lived lived 385. mention mentioned mentioned 392. "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O. manage managed managed 388. Question Form. lift lifted lifted 382. mix mixed mixed 396. mend mended mended 391. maintain maintained maintained 387. : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs. lighten lightened lightened 383. locate located located 386. mingle mingled mingled 394. moan moaned moaned 397. Spoken English lesson Z 196 Despair gives courage to a coward. miss missed missed 395. JO^ΰHË…èH› ‡é=ô@ H›•°„¬ô@ "³°•ÁQê U_È°ó@ ZQ®`Œo K͆Çò@ ‰ÕH÷OKÇ°@ H›keOKÇ°@ Qù}°Q®°@ …Õx Positive Form. ..

=KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^³#á #° `Ç„æ¬ H› definite Qê K͆°Ç ƒÕ=ô XH› „¬xx ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Will + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. =KÍó <³•. We will support you in this matter. h=ô `Ç Þ ~¡ … Õ appointment JO^Îΰ䛽O\ì=ô. 3. 5. "Í°=ò Yzó`ÇOQê D q+¬†Ç°O…Õ h䛽 support Kͪ•ë=ò. 197 7. 1 <Í#° D ª•i `Ç„æ¬ H› prize Qï •°ª•ë#°. Subject Singular. D q^•Î=òQê =°#=òQêx "Í~ùH›~°¡ Qêx ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ ~ö „¬ô. orders You will receive the appointment orders soon. …ÕxH÷ q_È°^Ε Kͪ•ë~°¡ . Sonia Gandhi will contest to the Parliament from Amethi again. ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ K͆°Ç ƒÕ=ô XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz XH› Q®\“÷ x~¡† â °Ç O f‹¬°Hùx P „¬xx `Ç„æ¬ H› K͆Çò@Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@. ªÏ~¡"£ Q®OQ®¶b =°~¡• captain J=ô`Œ_È°. : 94406 16425 WILL =°#=ò Hùxß „¬#°•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ `Ç„æ¬ H› K͆°Ç =…ÿ#x x~¡~â òOKÇ°HùO^ΰ=ò.m. This train will reach Delhi at 10 a. P"³° D ª•i =°#•#° `Ç„æ¬ H› P‚¬ðÞx‹¬°Oë k. <Í#° D „¬sH›Æ…Õ `Ç„¬æH› pass J=ô`Œ#°. D train ~ö „¬ô L^Ά°Ç O 10 Q®OII•ä›½ _••bÁ 9. "Œ~¡° ö~„¬ô J`Çxx hospital …Õ admit 10. "Í°=ò =KÍ ó<³• `Ç„¬æH› loan clear KÇªÍ •ë=ò. 4. 3. ZxßH›• H›g°+¬<£ `ÇÞ~¡…Õ ZxßH›• `Ín•#° ㄬH›\÷‹¬°ëOk. 6. I will pass this examination definitely. Mrs. Kͪ•ë~°¡ . They will release a new product into the market next month.. They will admit him to hospital tomorrow. tomorrow. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx U^³á##° "Will + I form" =KÇ°ó#°. 8. 2. "Œ~¡° =KÍ ó<³• ãHù`Çë product #° =¶ï~ø\˜ next Rahul Dravid will become the next captain of the Indian team. "Œ~¡° =KÍó _•‰×O|~¡°…Õ D HË~¡°• „¬îië Kͪ•ë~°¡ . XHùøH›ø ª•i W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ `Ç„æ¬ H› K͆ò Ç XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. KÍ~¡°ä›½O@°Ok. 2. 5. =KÍ"ó Œ~¡O. They will complete this course next December. Mrs. ~Œ‚¬•…˜ ã^¥q_£ Indian captain J=ô`Œ_È°. Plural EXAMPLES 1. . The Election Commission will announce the election dates soon. team H÷ ªéx†Ç¶ QêOn• =°~¡• J"Í°n• #°O_• ‡•~¡"Á °³ O\˜ä½› ‡é\© Kͪ•ë~°¡ .

Z Birds of the same feather gather together. in Delhi tomorrow. P öH‹¬° ^Î~Œ¼„¬ôë KÍ‹¬°ëOk.I.M. Our Manager will go on camp to Vizag tomorrow. ö~„¬ô =¶ WO\÷H÷ guests =ª•ë~°¡ . 6. Lª•àx†Ç¶ †Çüx=i•\© E<£ 16# B. The Collector will inaugurate the programme tomorrow. ö~„¬ô H›…ÿH›“~¡° programme #° inaugurate Kͪ•ë~°¡ . ㄬƒ•’°`ÇÞO `ÇÞ~¡…Õ ordinance pass : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 17.M will discuss the state problems with the P. P"³° ö~„¬ô `Ç# 21= „¬ô\÷“# ~ËA [~¡°„¬ô 䛽O@°Ok. 13. will investigate the case. 5. 12. ö~„¬ô annual day celebrations …Õ "Í°=ò XH› <Œ\÷H› „ ã ^ ¬ iΠŪ•ë=ò. The government will pass the ordinance soon. "Œ~¡° =KÍó<³• bank loan clear Kͪ•ë~°¡ . 198 . 4. "Œ~¡ ° ö ~ „¬ ô 7 p. 3. 18. 13. 15. =¶ father ~ö „¬ô =¶ „ã x ² •„¬…# ˜ ° consult J=ô`Œ~¡°. 19. "Œ~¡° D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O "Œ¼‡•~¡O…Õ Ì„^Îí amount „ Ì @°“|_• „Ì _È`Œ~¡°. 20. 10.. 14. H›=ü¼x‹¬°“ ‡•s“ "Œ~¡° =KÍ ó ªé=°"Œ~¡O ‚Ì ìá ^Î~Œƒì^£…Õ ƒ•ìs ~Œ¼b x~¡Þ‚²ìª•ë~°¡ . 1. 16. The C. "Í°=ò next Sunday Hindi test "ã Œª•ë=ò. "Œ~¡° `ÇÞ~¡…Õ XH› English dictionary publish Kͪ•ë~°¡ . =¶ father next June …Õ =¶ brother x B. 14. KÍ‹¬°ëOk. They will invest a big amount in the business this year. The Indian team will reach the finals in this world cup tournments. English lecturer ~ö „¬ô =°#䛽 new poem explain Kͪ•ë~°¡ . =¶ father D ª•i =òx‹²„…¬ ˜ ZxßH•› …Õ ‡é\©KªÍ •ë~°¡ .m H÷ programme ‡ã •~¡Oa•ª•ë~°¡ . <Í#° ö~„¬ô `Ç„¬æH› „¬sH›Æ „¦ÔA pay Kͪ•ë#°. 8. 9. They will publish a new English Dictionary soon. 2.B. 15. 12. The Communist parties will organise a huge ralley in Hyderabad next Monday.. C. entrance test x~¡Þ‚²ì‹¬°ëOk. The C.I.Tech …Õ admit Kͪ•ë~°¡ . 11. 11.B. My uncle will start business after his retirement. =¶ "Í°<Í[~Ÿ ö~„¬ô Vizag camp "³ˆ×`Œ~¡°. "Í ° =ò D q+¬ † Ç ° O…Õ hä› ½ `Ç „ ¬ æ H› ‹¬‚ì¬ H›iª•ë=ò. <Í # ° x#°ß =°~¡ • ö ~ „¬ ô ª•†Ç ° Oã ` Ç O H›•°ª•ë#°. =¶ uncle retire J†Ç ° # `Ç ~ ¡ ° "Œ`Ç business start Kͪ•ë~°¡ . D world cup ‡é\©•…Õ =°# Indian team finals H÷ KÍ~¡°ä›½O@°Ok. 7.Ed. =òY¼=°Oãu _••…ÕÁ…Õ ~ö „¬ô „ã ^¬ •¥x`Ë ~ŒR ‹¬=°‹¬¼•° KÇióª•ë~°¡ . =¶ brother next year USA "³ˆìë_È°.

"Í°=ò D ª•i P‡•s“H÷ vote "͆ǰ=ò. They will not vacate that house this month. . J J „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ K͆°Ç x XH› „¬x Q®°iOz (firm decision) XH› |•"³°Ø# x~¡â†Ç°=ò#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. "Œ~¡° D <³• P house vacate K͆ǰ~¡°. You will not face any problem from them in future. "Í°<Í[~¡° h䛽 XH› •H›Æ ~¡¶‡•†Ç°• H›O>è Z䛽ø= loan sanction K͆ǰ~¡°. 4. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx U W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³#á #° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ K͆°Ç x XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz XH› Q®\“÷ x~¡â†Ç°O`Ë K³„¬C@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Will + not + I form of the VerbÑÑÑÑ L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 5. h=ô ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ "Œi #°Oz U problem face K͆ǰ=ô.. 6. 10. 7. My sister will not study in the college next year. P†Ç°# D ª•i Z•H›<Æ …£ Õ ‡é\© K͆°Ç ~¡°. We will not lose this opportunity. 1 lakh loan. =KÍ<ó •³ . 199 We will not vote for that party this time. "Í°=ò D ª•i „ã † ¬ °Ç `ÇßO…Õ fail J==ò. =KÍ"ó Œ~¡O. The Manager will not sanction you more than Rs. I will not commit this mistake again. g°~¡ ° picnic "³ ˆ × Ã ¤ @ ä› ½ principal permission W=Þ~¡°. studies continue My brother will not continue his studies. =¶ cousin h K͆ǰ_È°. "Í°=ò D J=Hê‰×=ò#° =^ΰ•°HË=ò. accept 9. 3. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx U^³ á # #¶ Subject Singular. =¶ sister next year college …Õ KÇ^°Î =^ΰ. D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ ~ö „¬ô. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ K͆°Ç x XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz XH› (firm decision) |•"³°Ø# x~¡â†Ç°O ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. proposal J‹¬•° 8. ''''Will + not + I form of the verbÑÑÑÑ EXAMPLES 1. My cousin will not accept to your proposal. <Í#° D mistake =°~¡• K͆ǰ#°. Plural L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. J J <Í#° D q+¬†Ç°O…Õ h䛽 ‹¬‚¬ð†Ç°O K͆ǰ#°. The Principal will not give you permission to go on a picnic. 2. =¶ brother WH› K͆ǰ_È°. P"³° D proposal X„¬ôCHË^ΰ.

20. They will not publish guides hereafter. college function indiscipline tolerate K͆ǰ=ò. 14. provide 5. friends 15. 9.2 posts this year. D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O syllabus change K͆ǰ^ΰ. 7. D course …Õ admission 11. The Manager will not come to office D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. Intermediate Board D q+¬ † Ç ° O…Õ ##°ß encourage K͆ǰ~¡°. „ã ƒ¬ •’°`ÇÞ=ò P G. promotion Z The child is father of the man. Manager D~ËA : 94406 16425 EXERCISE P„¦Ô‹¬°ä›½ ~Œ~¡°. 13. =¶ brother D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O ‡ÚO^Î_È°.. 19. 2. WO_•†Ç°<£• QêOn•rx Z„¬æ\H÷ © =°~¡z‡é~¡°. ~ö „¬ô =°# l…ìÁ…Õ |‹¬°••° #_È==ô. 17. They will not organize a tour this year. "Œ~¡° ö~„¬ô D q+¬†Ç¶xß f‹¬°Hù#~¡°. They will not demand anything from you there tomorrow. 12. J`Ç_È° WH› D scooter use K͆ǰ_È°. #° L„¬‹¬O‚¬ìiOKÇ° HË^ΰ. 15. "Œ~¡° =KÍó "Œ~¡O class x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ~¡°. "Œ~¡° ö~„¬ô strike 䛽 =°^Îí`Ç° W=Þ~¡°. 13. 200 . =¶ father <Œä›½ D <³• money „¬O„¬~¡°. "Í°=ò WH› =‹¬°ë=ô•° credit 䛽 J=°à=ò. ö~„¬ô g°\÷OQ·…Õ <Í#° <Œ Ja•ã‡•†Ç°O express K͆ǰ#°. "Í ° =ò ö ~ „¬ ô 14. today. Next test match …Õ Shehwag P_È_È°. „ã ƒ¬ •’°`ÇÞO D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O ƒ•’së K͆°Ç ^ΰ. ANR WH› films …Õ act K͆ǰ~¡°. 3. POã^•¥†Çüx=iÅ\© Dª•i entrance test x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ^ΰ. We will not provide them any 6. x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ~¡°. 10.O. "Œ~¡° ö~„¬ô JH›ø_È g°#°Oz Ug° demand K͆ǰ~¡°. serious 8. My father will not look after business hereafter. accommodation there tomorrow. "Í°=ò "ŒiH÷ JH›ø_È U =‹¬u K͆ǰ=ò. The government will not fill up the Group . We will not sell goods on credit. 11. =¶ Qê They will not consider this matter seriously. ANR will not act in films hereafter. Group-2 posts 1. =¶ father WH› business KǶ‹¬°HË~¡°. tour principal h䛽 W=Þ~¡°. "Œ~¡° WH› guides publish K͆ǰ~¡°. 12. 16. "Œ~¡° D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …Õ 4. 18.

h=ô next year studies continue Kͪ•ë"Œ? 6.ZO. She. D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ ~ö „¬ô.A. \÷. again ? D tournments …Õ Indian team definite Qê finals H÷ KÍ~¡°ä›½O@°O^¥ ? Will the Indian team reach the finals in this tournments definitely ? g°~¡° ö~„¬ô definite Qê bill pay Kͪ•ë~Œ ? Will you pay the bill definitely tomorrow? q. 8. =KÍ"ó Œ~¡O. J J h=ô D ª•i definite Qê pass J=ô`Œ"Œ ? J g°~¡° =KÍó <³• definite Qê money repay Kͪ•ë~Œ ? P"³° D proposal `Ç„¬æH› X„¬C䛽O@°O^¥ ? J N KÇOã^΃ì|° =°~¡• ‹².. next month ? g° sister D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O degree „¬îië Will Sri Chandra Babu become our C. It.}Ÿ D series …Õ ä›•_¨ ƒìQê shine J=ô`Œ_¨ ? Will V. =KÍ<ó •³ . Lakshman succeed in this series also ? 2.q. 9. EXAMPLES 1. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject – You._•. N KÇOã^΃ì|° =°~¡• =°# CM J=ô`Œ~Œ? Will you continue your studies next year ? g°~¡° D town …Õ<Í settle J=ô`Œ~Œ ? Will you settle down in this town ? g° brother next month U. 10. •H›. "³ˆ`× Œ_¨? Will your brother go to the U. J=ô`Œ~Œ ? „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° =°#=ò ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ `Ç„æ¬ H› K͆ò Ç XH› „¬xx ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq.S.„. They J~ò#„¬C_È° 'will +I form of the verb' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.² a.V.A.S.Z‹¹. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°ë…Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^³á##° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° `Ç„¬æH› K͆Çò XH› „¬xx ㄬtßOKÇ°@䛽 "Will + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 4. KÍ‹¬°ëO^¥ ? 5. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~°¡ `Ç„æ¬ H› (definite) K͆Çò XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò.S. He. 201 Will your sister complete her degree this year ? g° friends D q+¬†Ç°O…Õ h䛽 `Ç„¬æH› cooperate Kͪ•ë~Œ ? Will your friends co-operate you in this matter ? 7.*.ÿ „² H÷ Dª•i 䛕_¨ =°^Î`í °Ç W‹¬°ëO^¥ ? Will the TDP support the BJP this time also ? . 3.M.

P"³ ° next year ä› • _¨ Vizag …Õ<Í KÇ^ΰ=ô`Ç°O^¥ ? 5. g°~¡ ° =KÍ ó "Œ~¡ = ò seminar …Õ ‡•…ç¾O\ì~Œ ? 9. 13. When will they open the branch in Nellore ? "Œ~¡ ° ö ~ „¬ ô P work H÷ ZO`Ç money demand Kͪ•ë~°¡ ? Howmuch money will they demand for that work tomorrow ? ö~„¬ô JH›ø_È =°#•#° Z=~¡° receive KÍ‹¬°ä›½O\ì~¡° ? 18. "Œ~¡ ° =°#ä› ½ ö ~ „¬ ô material supply Kͪ•ë~Œ? 6. N=°u ªéx†Ç¶ QêOn• „ã ^¬ •¥x J=ô`Œ~Œ? 8.. N KÇOã^΃ì|° D ª•i ZH›ø_È ‡é\© Kͪ•ë~°¡ ? 14. money Z 202 . 20. h=ô next month scooter HùO\ì"Œ ? 3. 17. Where will Sri Chandra Babu contest this time ? g°~¡° future …Õ ZH›ø_È settle J=ô`Œ~¡° ? Where will you settle down in future ? "Œ~¡° <³•¶Á~¡°…Õ branch Z„¬C_È° open Kͪ•ë~°¡ ? 16. =òY¼=°Oãu ö~„¬ô =°# l…ìÁ „¬~¡¼@#䛽 =ª•ë~Œ ? 7.Tech …Õ 4. h=ô Head-master #° Z„¬C_È° J=ô`Œ=ô ? 12. 15. "Œ~¡° x#°ß WOHùH› ª•i #=òà`Œ~Œ ? 11. 19. `Í[ next U film direct Kͪ•ë_°È ? 14. 11. g°~¡° D q+¬†Ç°=òÌ„á x~¡â†Ç°O Z„¬C_È° f‹¬°ä›½O\ì~¡° ? 12. g° father hä› ½ ö ~ „¬ ô ZO`Ç „¬O„¬ô`Œ~¡° ? Man doesnot live by bread alone. 1. EXERCISE consult When will you consult the Headmaster ? g°~¡° next Sunday ZH›ø_•H÷ "³ˆ`× Œ~¡° ? Where will you go next Sunday ? Who will receive us there tomorrow ? Next Sunday g° function Z=~¡ ° inaugurate Kͪ•ë~°¡ ? Who will inaugurate the function next Sunday ? ö~„¬ô interview H÷ ZO`Ç =°Ok candidates attend J=ô`Œ~¡° ? Howmany condidates will attend the interview tomorrow ? g°~¡° next year college H÷ ZO`Ç amount donate Kͪ•ë~°¡ ? Howmuch amount will you donate for the college next year ? : 94406 16425 D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. h=ô D ª•i Z=iH÷ F@° "ͪ•ë=ô ? 13. g° brother next month job H÷ resign Kͪ•ë_¨ ? 10. g° x#°ß admit Kͪ•ë~Œ ? father next year B. g°~¡° ~ö „¬ô college function …Õ <Œ\÷H› play Kͪ•ë~Œ ? 2.

He. ö~„¬ô =°#=ò "Œix H›•°==^¥í ? J`Ç_È° =KÍó "Œ~¡O duty H÷ attend J=_¨ ? J J J J h=ô ö~„¬ô computer class H÷ ~Œ"Œ ? P"³° WH› college …Õ KÇ^Î=^¥ ? „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ K͆°Ç x XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz „ ã t ¬ ßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. g°~¡° <Œä›½ D q+¬†Ç°O…Õ help K͆ǰ~Œ? Won't you help me in this matter? 2. "Œ~¡ ° ö ~ „¬ ô =°#•#° JH› ø _È KÍ‹¬°HË~Œ? 7. They . "Œ~¡° D town …Õ settle J=~Œ ? Won't they settle down in this town? receive Won't they receive us there tomorrow? 203 Won't you wait there till tomorrow ? Won't you interefere in his matter 3. J`Ç_È° D course join J=_¨ ? 6. h=ô Dª•i K͆ǰ"Œ ? entrance test H÷ apply Won't you apply for the entrance test this time ? 10. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~¡° K͆ǰx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. EXAMPLES 1. It. h=ô ö~„¬ô office H÷ "³ˆ×¤"Œ ? Won't you go to office tomorrow? 8. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ You. D q^•Î=òQê =°#=òQêx. g°~¡ ° WH› J`Ç x q+¬ † Ç ° =ò *ÕH› ¼ O KÍ‹¬°HË~Œ? hereafter? Won't he join this course ? 4. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³#á #° K͆°Ç x XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Willn't (won't) + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. P"³° D proposal X„¬CHù#^¥ ? Won't she accept to this proposal ? 5.. She. =KÍó <³•. "Í~ùH›~°¡ Qêx ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ J#Qê ~ö „¬ô.subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'Won't' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. g°~¡° ö~„¬\÷ =~¡ä›½ JH›ø_È wait K͆ǰ~Œ ? 9. P"³ ° next „¬xK͆ǰ^¥? year D college …Õ Won't she work in this college next year? .

h=ô ZO^ΰ䛽 P „¬xK͆ǰ=ô ? 17. J`Ç_È° ö~„¬ô J=_È° ? 1. J`Ç_È° ö~„¬ô bill pay K͆ǰ_¨ ? 7. …Õ cricket match KǶ_È~Œ? 3. "Œ~¡° D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O tour ZO^ΰ䛽 organize K͆ǰ~¡° ? 9. g°~¡° ~ö „¬ô T. P"³° D ª•i function H÷ =°#•#° invite K͆ǰ^¥ ? 6. h=ô next May …Õ entrance test H÷ appear J="Œ ? 5. Why won't you come on picnic with us tomorrow ? 12. g°~¡° next week =~¡ä›½ WH›ø_È ZO^ΰ䛽 LO_È~¡° ? Why won't you stay here till next week? 13. J`Ç _ È ° hä› ½ D q+¬ † Ç ° O…Õ ZO^Î ° ä› ½ ‹¬‚¬ìH›iOKÇ_È° ? Why won't he co-operate with you in this matter ? 14. h=ô ö~„¬ô office H÷ ZO^ΰ䛽 "³ˆ×¤=ô ? 10. "Œ~¡° =°#䛽 ZO^ΰ䛽 support K͆ǰ~¡°? Why won't they support us ? 16. h=ô next March exam H÷ ZO^ΰ䛽 appear J==ô ? Why won't you appear for the exams next March ? meeting H÷ ZO^ΰ䛽 2. P†Ç°# D ª•i ZxßH•› …Õ ZO^ΰ䛽 ‡é\© K͆ǰ~¡° ? 12. g°~¡° next Sunday Ongole H÷ ~Œ~Œ ? 4. 204 . P"³° D medicines ZO^ΰ䛽 f‹¬°Hù#^ΰ? Why won't she take these medicines? 15.. "Œ~¡° J`ÇxÌ„á ZO^ΰ䛽 KÇ~¡¼ f‹¬°Hù#~¡°? Why won't they take action against him? 18. P"³° D ª•i birthday ZO^ΰ䛽 celebrate KÍ‹¬°HË^ΰ ? 13. g°~¡ ° next week x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ~¡° ? meeting ZO^Î ° ä› ½ 11. h=ô WH› studies continue K͆ǰ"Œ? attend Why won't he attend the meeting tomorrow ? 20.V. J`Ç_È° ö~„¬ô =°#`Ë TiH÷ ZO^ΰ䛽~Œ_È°? Why won't they organize a tour this year? Z Half a loaf is better than no bread. h=ô ö~„¬ô ZxßH›•…Õ vote "͆ǰ"Œ ? Why won't you do that work ? 19. : 94406 16425 'Wh' QUESTIONS EXERCISE 11 h=ô ö~„¬ô =¶`Ë picnic H÷ ZO^ΰ䛽 ~Œ=ô? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. "Œ~¡° D q+¬†°Ç O…Õ =°#H÷ ‹¬‚ì¬ H›iOKÇ~Œ? 8. "Œ~¡° ö~„¬ô =°#•#° ZO^ΰ䛽 J=~¡°? cousult 14. g°~¡° ~ö „¬ô seminar …Õ ZO^ΰ䛽 ‡•…ç¾#~¡°? 15.

Won't you join college next year? 4. Won't you come here tomorrow? 2. Ex : 1. 1. 3. Negative Question Form J#° 4 parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. 4. nx…Õ =°#=ò 1. Question Form 4. NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~°¡ K͆°Ç x XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽"Won't + I form of the verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. negative sense 1. 1. 'Will' J#° ^¥xx grammar …Õ Anomalous Verb . He won't come here next week. Will you post this letter? 2. QUESTION FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°ë…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ `Ç„¬æH›K͆Çò XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Will + I form of the verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Ex : 3. Ex : 2. Won't they pay the bill tomorrow? 205 . 2. He will participate in the seminar next Sunday. We will organize a tour next month. Ex : 1.(Future Form) JO\ì~¡°. Negative Form 3. I won't stay here tomorrow. NEGATIVE FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ K͆°Ç x XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz …Õ ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽"Won't + I form of the verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Won't you stay here tonight? 3. We won't settle down in this town. : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ 'Will' Q®°iOz <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. D 4 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò. Positive Form 2. Will you visit Tirumala next month? 3. 2. 3. 3. Will they vacate the house next month? 4. She will join MBA next June. I will help you in this matter. Will you complete the course next December? 4.. POSITIVE FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ `Ç„æ¬ HK › † Í ò Ç XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Will + I form of the verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. They won't accept to this proposal.

=°xßOKÇ° ‡•…ç¾#°@ Q®_È„¬ô@. Negative Question Form ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 4 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. ^¥@°@ …Õx Positive Form. Spoken English lesson Z 206 Hope and expectation are a fool's income. pardon pardoned pardoned 419. occur occured occured 410. narrate narrated narrated 402. oblige obliged obliged 407. obey obeyed obeyed 406. obtain obtained obtained 408. oppose opposed opposed 417. "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O. . owe owed owed 418. I Form II Form III Form 401. operate operated operated 415. Question Form. ooze oozed oozed 413. pass passed passed D ~ËA Meaning q=iOz K³„¬C x~¡ÁH›Æ¼=ò K͆Çò `Ç•= J#°=°uOKÇ° x†Ç°q°OKÇ°@ q^•Í†°Ç `ÇQê LO_È°@ |^ΰœ_³á †ÇòO_È°@ ‡ÚO^ΰ@ PãH›q°OKÇ°@ ‹¬Oƒ•’qOKÇ°@ WKÇ°ó@ q_•zÌ„@°“@ Hê~¡°@ `³~¡KÇ°@ #_•„²OKÇ°@ ƒ•ìqOKÇ°@ =¼uö~H÷OKÇ°@ |°°}„¬_• =ôO_È°@ H›Æq°OKÇ°. occupy occupied occupied 409. neglect neglected neglected 403. nod nodded nodded 404. participate participated participated 420. opine opined opined 416. Negative Form. offer offered offered 411. : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs. open opened opened 414.. nominate nominated nominated 405. omit omitted omitted 412.

ó D ~ËA ~ŒãuH÷ H˪•ë l…ìÁ…Õ =~¡ÂO „¬_È=KÇ°ó. 9.. The Congress may form the govt. =¶ brother Dª•i ‡ÚO^Î=KÇ°ó. 10.T. 2. "Œ~¡° |‚¬•‰§ =°#䛽 JH›ø_È =‹¬u H›eæOKÇ=KÇ°ó. J J "Í°=ò |‚¬•‰§ =KÍó <³• D W•°Á Mìm K͆°Ç =KÇ°. The G. <Í#° ö~„¬ô office H÷ late Qê ~Œ=KÇ°ó. "Í°=ò |‚¬•‰§ D \º<£…Õ<Í Hê=KÇ°ó. at centre this time. D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ ~ö „¬ô. orders They may receive the orders this week. 4. They may provide us accommodation there. =KÍó "Œ~¡O. öH=•O XH› „¬xx K͆Çò J=Hê‰×=ò#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@ (doubtful). teacher post My brother may get the teacher post this time. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. 207 6. "Œ~¡ ° |‚¬ • ‰§ D "Œ~¡ O …Õ JO^ΰHË=KÇ°ó. 3. 5. P"³° |‚¬•‰§ D proposal X„¬CHË=KÇ°ó. : 94406 16425 MAY XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH› „¬xx K͆ò Ç J=Hê‰×=ò (Possibility) #° Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. ‹¬O^Í‚¬ì=òQê (doubtful) K³„¬CKÇ°O^ΰ=ò.T. . They may postpone the meeting tomorrow. She may accept to this proposal. 8. "Œ~¡° |‚¬•‰§ ö~„¬ô g°\÷OQ· "Œ~ò^¥ "͆ǰ=KÇ°ó. D ~ËA G. Plural U^³á##° "May + I form" =KÇ°ó#°. settle We may settle down in this town. EXAMPLES 1. 7. She may recover completely soon. P"³° `ÇÞ~¡…Õ „¬îiëQê HË•°HË=KÇ°ó. P"³° `ÇÞ~¡…Õ „¬îiëQê HË•°HË=KÇ°ó. P „¬x [~¡Q= ® KÇ°ó. D ª•i |‚¬•‰§ Congress öHOã^ÎO…Õ ã „ ¬ ƒ •’ ° `Ç Þ O U~Œæ@° KÍ † Ç ° =KÇ ° ó . [~¡Q®H›‡é=KÇ°ó. Express late Qê ~Œ=KÇ°ó. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°ë…Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^³á##° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° XH› „¬xx K͆Çò J=Hê‰×=ò (Possibility) Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "May + I form of the Verb" =KÇ°ó#°. I may come to office late tomorrow. Express may arrive late today. J J <Í#° ö~„¬ô =¶ brother `Ë K³<³áß "³ˆ×¤=KÇ°ó. =KÍó <³•.

"Í°=ò |‚¬•‰§ D ~ËA D „¬x „¬îië K͆ǰ=KÇ°ó. D ª•i 䛕_¨ T. öHOã^ÎO…Õ B. 9. "Œ~¡° `ÇÞ~¡…Õ WO_•†Ç¶ä›½ uiy ~Œ=KÇ°. XH›\÷ ï~O_È° <³••…Õ P†Ç°# L^˼QêxH÷ ~Œr<Œ=¶ K͆ǰ=KÇ°ó. They may reach Vijayawada tomorrow evening. 13. 4000 for this work.D. help He may help you in this matter. ö~„¬ô match …Õ |‚¬•‰§ ~Œ‚¬ì…˜ ã^¥q_£ team x lead K͆ǰ=KÇ°ó. N "³OH›†°Ç ¼<Œ†Çò_È° =°~¡• ‡•s“ „ Ìã ‹²_O³ \˜ J==KÇ°ó. "Œ~¡° |‚¬•‰§ ~ö „¬ôª•†Ç°Oã`OÇ q[†Ç°"Œ_È KÍ~¡°HË=KÇ°ó. 5. 10.P. 8. `ÇÞ~¡…Õ „ ã ƒ ¬ •’°`ÇÞO †Çò=䛽• HË‹¬O XH› „¬^ŠÎH›O ㄬ"͉×Ì„@“=KÇ°ó. 11. H÷ =°^Îí`Ç° W=Þ=KÇ°ó. 16. It may rain in the coastal districts tomorrow and day after tomorrow. <Í#° |‚¬•‰§ =KÍó Pk"Œ~¡O K³<ßá³ "³ˆ¤×=KÇ°ó.ó 11. 12. Sri Venkaiah Naidu may become party President again. 6. "Œ~¡ ° |‚¬ • ‰§ J`Ç x x x†Ç°q°OKÇ=KÇ°ó. They may demand Rs. =¶ cousin =KÍó _•Ì‹O|~Ÿ…Õ "³ˆ×¤=KÇ°ó. USA My cousin may leave for the USA next December.ó 14. They may declare a holiday for us tomorrow. =¶ brother `Ç# vizag tour cancel KÍ‹¬°HË=KÇ°ó. I may go to Chennai next Sunday. 15. 7. 4. 17. J`Ç _ È ° g°ä› ½ D q+¬ † Ç ° O…Õ K͆ǰ=KÇ°ó. My brother may try for a job after his Degree. 13. "Œ~¡° `ÇÞ~¡…Õ `Ç=° x~¡† â °Ç O „ ã H¬ \ › O÷ KÇ=KÇ°ó. |‚¬ • ‰§ Indian team =KÍ ó PQ® ‹ ¬ ° “ … Õ WOQêÁO_£ „¬~¡¼\÷OKÇ=KÇ°ó.. Degree `Ç~°¡ "Œ`Ç =¶ brother |‚¬•‰§ job H÷ try K͆ǰ=KÇ°ó. 1. |‚¬ • ‰§ "Œ~¡ ° P‹¬ Ö • O…Õ `Ç Þ ~¡ … Õ XH› shopping complex xiàOKÇ=KÇ°ó. 18. |‚¬•‰§ ~ö „¬ô. "Œ~¡° ö~„¬ô =°#䛽 Ì‹•=ô ㄬH›\÷OKÇ=KÇ°ó. clerk They may appoint him a clerk.P. 208 . =¶ father D "Œ~¡ O <Œä› ½ money „¬O„¬=KÇ°ó. 2. Z Borrowed garments donot fit well. ö ~ „¬ ô _•ã w q^¥¼~¡ ° Ö • ° HêÁ ‹ ¬ ° •° |‚²ì+¬øiOKÇ=KÇ°ó. 12. P"³° K³<³áß…Õ =KÍó "Œ~¡O heart specialist x consult Hê=KÇ°ó. Ex†Ç°~Ÿ _¨H›“~¡°Á WOHùH› "Œ~¡O strike Hù#ª•yOKÇ=KÇ°. 20. 14.J. Qê : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 3. <Í#° |‚¬•‰§ Dª•i „¬sH›Æ second class …Õ pass Hê=KÇ°ó. =°~¡°<Œ_È° H˪•ë l…ìÁ•…Õ =~¡ÂO„¬_È=KÇ°ó. "Œ~¡ ° D „¬ x H÷ ‹¬ ° =¶~¡ ° 4000~¡ ¶ . demand K͆ǰ=KÇ°ó. 19. 15.

4. "Í°<Í[~¡° ö~„¬ô h䛽 ‡é=KÇ°ó. * Note : EXAMPLES 6. Sri Venkaiah Naidu may not contest in the elections this time. programme ö ~ „¬ ô =°#ä› ½ HêÁ ‹ ¬ ° The English lecturer may not take our class tomorrow. leave grant K͆ǰH› The Manager may not grant you a leave tomorrow. 9.. 5. "Í°<Í[~Ÿ h䛽 permission W=ÞH›‡é=KÇ°ó. 2. My sister may not continue her studies this year. 8. I may not come to college tomorrow.ó 3. This train may not reach Vijayawada in time. We may not participate in the programme next week. My cousin may not celebrate her birth day this time. =¶ cousin D ª•i `Ç # birthday celebrate KÍ‹¬°HËH›‡é=KÇ°ó. D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ ~ö „¬ô. J "Œ~¡° D q+¬†°Ç O…Õ =°#䛽 ‹¬‚ì¬ H›iOKÇH› ‡é=KÇ°. They may not settle down in this town. 209 . "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. D train time H÷ q[†Ç°"Œ_È KÍ~H¡ ‡› é=KÇ°ó. …Õ 7. J <Í#° ö~„¬ô P„¦Ô‹¬°ä›½ "³ˆ×ÁH›‡é=KÇ°ó. 1. English lecturer f‹¬°Hù#H›‡é=KÇ°ó. N "³OH›†°Ç ¼<Œ†Çò_È° Dª•i ZxßH•› …Õ ‡é\© K͆ǰ‡é=KÇ°ó. =KÍ"ó Œ~¡O.ó „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~°¡ XH› „¬xx K͆°Ç H›‡é=KÇ°ó#x T‚²ìOz K³„¬C@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~¡° XH› „¬xx K͆ǰH› ‡é=KÇ°ó#x (doubtful) Qê T‚²ìOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. J J P"³° D ª•i „¦O¬ H›<Æ ä£ ½› =°#•#° invite K͆ǰH›‡é=KÇ°ó. <Í#° ö~„¬ô Hê…èlH÷ ~ŒH›‡é=KÇ°ó. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx U W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³#á #° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ XH› „¬xx K͆°Ç H›‡é=KÇ°#ó x doubt Qê K³„¬C@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 ''''May + not + I form of the VerbÑÑÑÑ L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 10. Plural U^³á##¶ ''''May + not + I form of the verbÑÑÑÑ L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. =¶ uncle D proposal X„¬CHËH›‡é=KÇ°ó. My uncle may not accept to this proposal. =KÍ<ó •³ . =¶ sister D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O studies continue K͆ǰH›‡é=KÇ°ó. "Œ~¡° D town …Õ settle HêH›‡é=KÇ°ó. "Í ° =ò next week ‡•…ç¾#H›‡é=KÇ°.

10. 7..s The N. "Œ~¡° ö~„¬ô shops open K͆ǰH›‡é=KÇ°ó. 20.G. 14. 18.ó 2. †Çüx=i•\© D ª•i x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇH›‡é=KÇ°ó.s may not attend the duty tomorrow. "Œ~¡° ö~„¬ô =°#䛽 D q+¬†Ç°=ò inform K͆ǰH›‡é=KÇ°ó. 12. N. 11. 5. „ã ƒ¬ •’°`ÇÞO D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O \©K~Ç Ÿ ‡é‹¬°•“ ° ƒ•’së K͆ǰH›‡é=KÇ°ó. "Œ~¡° ~ö „¬ô g°\÷OQ·…Õ D q+¬†°Ç O discuss K͆ǰH›‡é=KÇ°ó.ó She may not recover from that disease. help 9. Sachin may not play in the match tomorrow. "Œ~¡ ° D ª•i „¬ O _È ° Q® ä › ½ Ì ‹ •=ô•° ㄬH›\÷OKÇH›‡é=KÇ°ó. q+¬ † Ç ° O…Õ He may not co-operate with you in this matter.G. P"³° D ª•i function 䛽 =°#•#° invite K͆ǰH›‡é=KÇ°ó. "Œ~¡° ö~„¬ô WH›ø_È stay 1. ö~„¬ô =¶¼KŸ…Õ ‹¬z<£ P_ÈH›‡é=KÇ°ó. They may not discuss this matter in the meeting tomorrow. J`Ç _ È ° g°ä› ½ D ‹¬‚¬ìH›iOKÇH›‡é=KÇ°ó. =¶ sister Dª•i „¬sH›Æ•ä›½ ‚¬ð[~¡° HêH›‡é=KÇ°ó. "Í°=ò ö~„¬ô JH›ø_È work K͆ǰH›‡é=KÇ°ó. They may not declare holidays for the festival this time. P"³° WH› P "Œ¼k• #°O_• HË•°HËH›‡é=KÇ°. K͆ǰH›‡é=KÇ°ó. N H›~¡°}ìxk• WH› g°^Î@ politics …Õ active Qê participate K͆ǰH›‡é=KÇ°ó. next year college join 4. J`Ç _ È ° hä› ½ D q+¬ † Ç ° O…Õ K͆ǰH›‡é=KÇ°ó.O. Z 210 . 8. 12. "Œ~¡ ° =°#•#° JH› ø _È KÍ‹¬°HËH›‡é=KÇ°ó.O. : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. receive 6. J`Ç_È° D job H÷ try K͆ǰH›‡é=KÇ°ó. 3. <Í#° D ª•i exam ‡•‹¹HêH›‡é=KÇ°. =¶ brother HêH›‡é=KÇ°ó. 16. ö~„¬ô buses #_È=H›‡é=KÇ°ó. entrance test 15. D ~ËA =~¡ÂO „¬_ÈH›‡é=KÇ°ó. Sri Karunanidhi may not participate in politics actively hereafter. "Œ~¡° D ª•i tour x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇH›‡é=KÇ°ó. 11. They may not organize the tour this time. J`Ç_È° =°~¡• =°#•#° H›•°=H›‡é=KÇ°ó. Familiarity breeds contempt. 14. 13. P"³° ö~„¬ô WH›ø_È䛽 ~ŒH›‡é=KÇ°ó. They may not stay here tomorrow. 19. 13. ~ö „¬ô |‚¬•‰§ q^•Î°•ä›½ ‚¬ð[~¡° HêH›‡é=KÇ°ó. She may not invite us to the function this time. 15. 17.

"Í ° =ò D ~ËA g° KÍ‹¬°HË=KÇ°ó<Œ ? vehicle use May we use your vehicle today ? 9. <Í#° D …ÿ@~Ÿ KÇ^ΰ= =KÇ°ó<Œ ? May I read this letter ? 10. J J <Í#° WH› WO\÷H÷ "³ˆ×¤=KÇ°ó<Œ ? <Í#° W„¬C_È° J`Çxx H›•°= =KÇ°ó<Œ ? J J "Í°=ò D HË~¡°• K͆°Ç =KÇ°<ó Œ ? <Í#° ö~„¬ô g°`Ë JH›ø_È䛽 ~Œ=KÇ°ó<Œ ? „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~°¡ XH› „¬xx K͆ò Ç @䛽 J#°=°ux HË~¡°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. <Í#° D HË~¡°• join J==KÇ°ó<Œ? May I join this course ? 2. D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH› „¬xx K͆òÇ @䛽 J#°=°u (permission) ‡ÚO^ΰ@#° ㄬtßOKÇ°@䛽 "May + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. <Í # ° g° WO\ÕÁ ï ~ O_È ° ~ËA•° K͆ǰ=KÇ°ó<Œ ? stay May I stay two days in your house ? 3.. "Í°=ò 䛕_¨ D H›Áƒ˜…Õ ‡ÚO^Î=KÇ°ó<Œ ? membership May we get membership in this club ? 211 picnic ä› ½ May we come on picnic with you tomorrow ? 7. EXAMPLES 6. Jã_È‹¬° `³•°‹¬°HË=KÇ°ó<Œ ? May I know your name and address ? 8. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH› „¬xx K͆ò Ç @䛽 J#°=°ux (permission) Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. Plural U^³á##° 'May + I form" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. <Í # ° W„¬ C _È ° g° #°O_• Ì ‹ •=ô f‹¬°Hù#=KÇ°ó<Œ ? May I take leave from you now ? 5. =°#=ò ö ~ „¬ ô "ŒiH÷ =°# K³„¬æ=KÇ°ó<Œ ? opinion May we express our opinion to them tomorrow? . "Í ° =ò ä› • _¨ ö ~ „¬ ô g°`Ë ~Œ=KÇ°ó<Œ ? 1. =°#=ò ä› • _¨ ö ~ „¬ ô ‡•…ç¾#=KÇ°< ó Œ? seminar …Õ May we participate in the seminar tomorrow ? 4. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject – Singular. h À„~¡°.

=°#=ò JH› ø _•H÷ U time …Õ<³ á < Œ "³ˆ×Á=KÇ°ó<Œ ? 15. : 94406 16425 11. "Í°=ò manager Qêi`Ë =¶\ìÁ_= È KÇ°ó<Œ? May we speak to the Manager ? 15.m. <Í#° non-veg food f‹¬°HË=KÇ°ó<Œ ? May I take non-veg food ? 16. =°#=ò admission q=~¡ = ò•° `³•°‹¬°HË=KÇ°ó<Œ ? 7. <Í#° h ‹¬‚¬ð†Ç°O HË~¡=KÇ°ó<Œ ? May I seek your help ? 18. <Í#° D item taste K͆ǰ=KÇ°ó<Œ ? 14. <Í#° J`Ç_È° P•‹¬¼OQê ~Œ=\ìxH÷ reason `³•°‹¬°HË=KÇ°ó<Œ ? May I know the reason for his late coming ? 14. <Í # ° D document Ì „ á ‹¬ O `Ç H › O K͆ǰ=KÇ°ó<Œ ? 4. <Í#° loan H÷ apply K͆ǰ=KÇ°ó<Œ ? 8. "Í°=ò D Ì‹•=ô•#° qx†³¶yOKÇ° Hù#=KÇ°ó<Œ ? 5. <Í # ° D ~ËA Ì ‹ •=ôä› ½ K͆ǰ=KÇ°ó<Œ? apply May I apply for leave today ? 20. <Í # ° D q+¬ † Ç ° O…Õ interefere Hê=KÇ°ó<Œ? 12. "Í ° =ò WH› ø _È HùOK³ O À ‹ „¬ ô f‹¬°HË=KÇ°ó<Œ ? rest May we take rest here for a while ? 19. <Í # ° D album …Õ photographs KǶ_È=KÇ°ó<Œ ? 10. <Í#° XH› Q®O@ rest f‹¬°HË=KŒó ? 2. =°#=ò Manager chamber …ÕxH÷ "³ˆ×¤=KŒó ? 3. <Í#° 䛕_¨ report submit K͆ǰ=KÇ°ó<Œ? May we consult the Principal now ? Variety is the spice of life. "Í°=ò W„¬C_È° J==KÇ°ó<Œ ? Principal #° consult 1. "Í°=ò P temple visit K͆ǰ=KÇ°ó<Œ ? 9. ? 17. =°#=ò 5 "³ˆ×¤=KÇ°ó<Œ? pm `Ç ~ ¡ ° "Œ`Ç WO\÷ H ÷ May we go home after 5 p. Z 212 . =°#=ò D ƒì¼OH± … Õ K͆ǰ=KÇ°ó<Œ ? loan H÷ apply May we apply for a loan in this bank ? 13. <Í#° …ÕxH÷ ~Œ=KÇ°ó<Œ ? EXERCISE May I come in ? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. <Í#° D HË~¡°• K͆°Ç =KÇ°< ó Œ? 6.. "Í°=ò D compartment …Õ ã„¬†Ç¶}O K͆ǰ=KÇ°ó<Œ ? 13. =°#=ò ä› • _¨ quiz competition …Õ ‡•…ç¾#=KÇ°< ó Œ? 11. 12.

2. May I speak to the Manager? 4. Positive Form 2. May we go home now? 3. 2. We may win the match tomorrow. They may not come here tomorrow. 'May' J#° ^¥xx grammar …Õ Anomalous Verb . I may go to Hyderabad next week.(Future Form) JO\ì~¡°. He may not help in this matter. Negative Form 3. nxx Doubtful Future JO\ì~¡°. NEGATIVE FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°ë…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~¡° XH›„¬xx K͆ǰH›‡é=KÇ°ó#x (Doubtful) ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "May not + I form of the verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Ex : 1. They may receive the orders soon. She may not continue her studies next year. QUESTION FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ XH› „¬xx K͆ò Ç @䛽 XH›~°¡ WOHùH›i J#°=°ux (Permission) ‡ÚO^ΰ@ Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "May + I form of the verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 4. Ex : 1. Question Form J#° 3 parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. 1.. May I read this letter? 2. 3. Ex : 1. 2. POSITIVE FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› „¬xx K͆ò Ç J=Hê‰×=ò#° Q®°iOz (Possibility) ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "May + I form of the verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. 4. You may not get the opportunity this time. nx…Õ =°#=ò 1. He may get the post this time. 3. 3. May we stay here tonight? 213 . : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ 'May' Q®°iOz <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. D 3 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò.

preach preached preached 436. perform performed performed 424. prefer prefered prefered 438. . preside presided presided Meaning `Ë•° =•KÇ°@ `ùOyKǶKÇ°@ x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ°@ J#°=°uOKÇ°@ KÇeO„¬ K͆Çò@ f‹¬°Hù#°. pray prayed prayed 435. #°#°„¬ôK͆Çò H›ey†ÇòO_È° "Œ~ò^¥"͆Çò@ ã‡é†Çò@ ‡ÚQ®_È°@ ‡ã •iÖOKÇ°@ L„¬^ÍtOKÇ°@ *Õ‹¬¼=ò K³„¬C@ ‡ã •^•¥#¼`Ç WKÇ°@ ó `džǶ~¡° K͆Çò@ =òO^ΰQê ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@ J^•Î¼H›`Æ Ç =‚²ìOKÇ°@ D ~ËA Spoken English lesson …Õx Positive Form. ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 3 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. predict predicted predicted 437. play played played 428. I Form II Form III Form 421. peep peeped peeped 423. please pleased pleased 429. peel peeled peeled 422. prepare prepared prepared 439. Z#°ßH›ù#° P_È°@ W+¬“„¬_È°. ^ΆǰK͆Çò@ "³°~¡°Q®°. praise praised praised 434. Question Form. polish polished polished 430. permit permitted permitted 425. postpone postponed postponed 432. prescribe prescribed prescribed 440. Negative Form. Z 214 What does the moon care if the dogs bark at her. : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs.. possess possessed possessed 431. "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O. pick picked picked 427. pour poured poured 433. perturb perturbed perturbed 426.

We can prepare all the subjects within two months. EXAMPLES 1. 7. =KÍ"ó Œ~¡O. She can argue on any matter. I can speak English fluently. Plural U^³á##¶ 'CanÑ L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 5. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. 10. 215 I can answer all these questions. "Œ~¡ ° D work <Œ•°Q® ° ~ËA•…Õ „¬îiëK͆ǰ Q®•~¡°. <Í#° D „ ã ‰¬ ßוxßO\÷H÷ answer K͆°Ç Q®•#°. We can convince him in this matter. <Í#° h ‹¬=°‹¬¼#° J~¡ÖOKÍ‹¬°HËQ®•#°. They can complete this work in four days. "Í°=ò D q+¬†Ç°O…Õ J`Çxx convince K͆ǰQ®•=ò. P"³° U q+¬†°Ç OÌ„< á < á³ Œ argue K͆°Ç Q®•^ΰ. J J J J „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•…Õx „¬#°•x߆ü Ç ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ XH› „¬xx K͆°Ç Q®• ª•=°~¡¼œ =ò (ability) #° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. : 94406 16425 CAN XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ XH› „¬xx K͆°Ç Q®• ª•=°~¡¼œ =ò (ability) #° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. Sachin Tendulkar can face any bowler in the world. ‹¬z<£ >ÿO_ȶ•ø~Ÿ ㄬ„¬OKÇO…Õ U ƒº•~Ÿ <³á<Œ Z^ΰ~ùø#Q®•_È°. =¶ brother English ƒìQê =¶\ìÁ_ÈQ®•_È°. "Í ° =ò Jxß subjects ï ~ O_È ° <³ • •…Õ prepare HêQ®•=ò. 3. <Í#° ~ËA䛽 „¬k Q®O@•° „¬xK͆ǰQ®•#°. D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ ~ö „¬ô. <Í#° WOwÁ+¬µ fluent Qê =¶\ìÁ_ÈQ®•#°. I can understand your problem. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx U W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³#á #° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ XH› „¬xx K͆°Ç Q®• ª•=°~¡¼œ =ò#° (ability) ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 ''''Can + I form of the VerbÑÑÑÑ L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 4. "Í°=ò D ‹¬=°‹¬¼#° ‹¬•ƒ•’=òQê „¬i+¬øiOKÇ Q®•=ò. Sri Manmohan Singh can solve the Kashmir problem. Oral practice ^¥Þ~Œ g°~¡ ° English improve KÍ‹¬°HËQ®•~¡°. 6. N =°<Ëà‚¬ì<£‹²OQ· Hêjà~¡° ‹¬=°‹¬¼#° „¬i+¬øiOKÇQ®•~¡°. . 9. 8. You can improve English through oral practice. "Œ~¡° Dª•i "Œ¼‡•~¡O…Õ =°Oz profits ‡ÚO^ÎQ•® ~¡°. =KÍ<ó •³ .. 2.

00. J`Ç_°È ~ËAH÷ ~¡¶. h=ô D „¬sH›Æ easy Qê ‡•‹¹ HêQ®•=ô. 10. 15. 2. P~¡° <³••…Õ "Œ~¡° D building xiàOKÇ Q®•~¡°. <Í # ° "ŒiH÷ D q+¬ † Ç ° O explain K͆ǰQ®•#°. =¶ mother U item S<Œ KŒ…ì ƒìQê prepare K͆ǰQ®•^ΰ. I can face any circumstances courageously. 5. S. We can achieve anything with our will power. <Í # ° xq°‘•xH÷ 60 „¬ ^ ¥•° type K͆ǰQ®•#°. "Í°=ò WH›ø_È h䛽 help K͆ǰQ®•=ò. <Í#° 24 Q®O@•¶ „¬xK͆ǰQ®•#°.000 adjust K͆ǰQ®•=ò.l q^¥¼~¡°Ö•ä›½ 䛕_¨ teach K͆ǰQ®•#°. Z 216 . <Í#° U „¬i‹²`Ö °Ç •<³< á Œ ^•³~á ¼¡ OQê Z^ΰ~Ëø Q®•#°.¤ H›$‘•â express JO^ΰHËQ®•=ô. 11. <Í#° „². 5. "Œ~¡ ° D season …Õ =°Oz profits ‡ÚO^ÎQ®•~¡°. : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. Hard work `Ë <Í#° <Œ •HÆê¼xß KÍ~¡Q®•#°.. I can reach my goal through hard work. 13. We can learn twenty new words every day. =¶ q^¥¼~¡°•Ö ° D ª•i 90% =¶~¡°ø•° score K͆ǰQ®•~¡°. Our students can score 90% of marks this time. 12. 8. My mother can prepare any item very well. 200 per day. 18.G. 10. <Í#° h䛽 D amount <Œ•°Q®° ~ËA•…Õ uiy K³eÁOKÇQ®•#°. "Œ~¡° business …Õ ~¡¶. 15.P. 5. <Œ•°Q®° <³••…Õ g°~¡° „¬îië English <Í~¡°óHù#Q®•~¡°. 11. 200 ‹¬O‡•kOKÇQ•® _È°. He can earn Rs. P\Õ…Õ "³ˆÃ× . 20.00.000 =~¡ä›½ invest K͆ǰQ®•~¡°. students. 4. ï~O_È° ~ËA•…Õ "Í°=ò D cards Jhß distribute K͆ǰQ®•=ò. They can invest upto Rs. =°#=ò train …Õ u~¡°„¬uH÷ S^ΰQ®O@•…Õ KÍ~¡°HËQ®•=ò. 6. 12. English I can teach English even to the P. =°<Ë^•³~á ¼¡ O`Ë =°#O U^³<á Œ ª•k•OKÇQ•® O. 7. They can build this building in six months Character is destiny. 17. 14. "Í°=ò h䛽 D ~ËA ~¡¶. 16. "Í°=ò ~ËAH÷ 20 Hù`Ç„ ë ^ ¬ ¥•° <Í~°¡ óHËQ®•=ò. D tournments …Õ =°# Indian team easy Qê cup ïQ•=Q®•^ΰ. 14. 19. 13. 1. 9. U ƒ•ì+¬…Õ<³<á Œ ‡•@•° ‡•_ÈQ•® _È°.000 in the business. J`Ç_È° <Œ•°Q®° ƒ•ì+¬•° ^•¥~Œˆ×OQê =¶\ìÁ_ÈQ®•_È°. 3.

3. P†Ç°# =°#䛽 ‹¬‚¬ð†Ç°O K͆ǰ…è_È°. We cannot live without food. 8. J J <Í#° ö~„¬ô g°`Ë village H÷ ~Œ…è#°. 217 7. They cannot bear this much loss. Plural U^³á##¶ "Cannot + I form of the verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. P"³° |‹¹…Õ ã„¬†Ç¶}÷OKÇ…è^ΰ. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx U W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³#á #° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ XH›„x¬ x K͆òÇ ª•=°~¡¼œ =ò (lack of ability) …èH›‡é=ô@ Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Cannot + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. <Í#° ~ËAH÷ 10 Q®OII•H›O>è Z䛽ø= work K͆ǰ…è#°. We cannot argue with him. g°~¡° ##°ß "³¶‹¬yOKÇ…è~¡°. I cannot work more than ten hours in a day. 5. 9. J`Ç_È° D „¬sH›Æ easy Qê ‡•‹¹ Hê…è_°È .. =°#O P‚¬ð~¡O …è䛽O_¨ rqOKÇ…è=ò. She cannot travel by bus. =°#=ò J`Çx`Ë "ŒkOKÇ…è=ò. 2. We cannot face this problem. D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ ~ö „¬ô. You cannot follow the lessons in English medium. . "Œ~¡° WO`Ç #+¬O“ ƒ•’iOKÇ…~è °¡ . "Í°=ò D problem face K͆ǰ…è=ò. „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ XH› „¬xx K͆°Ç …èH‡› é=ô@ Q®°iOz K³„¬CKÇ°#ßq. h=ô English medium …Õ lessons follow Hê…è=ô. I cannot speak English fluently. 6. <Í#° English fluent Qê =¶\ìÁ_È…è#°. 11. =KÍ<ó •³ . He cannot pass this examination easily. <Í#° D q+¬†Ç°O…Õ h䛽 ‹¬‚¬ð†Ç°O K͆ǰ…è#°. P ‡•s“ Dª•i„ã ƒ¬ •’°`ŒÞxß U~Œæ@° K͆°Ç …è^°Î . You cannot deceive me. 4. J J "Í°=ò WH› D old house …Õ x=tOKÇ…=è ò. =KÍ"ó Œ~¡O. I cannot help you in this matter. 10. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›iH÷ XH› „¬x K͆°Ç Q®• ª•=°~¡¼œ =ò (ability) …èH›‡é=ô@ Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. EXAMPLES 1.

. 14. HËzOQ· …è䛽O_¨ h=ô D ‡ÚO^Î…è=ô. D z#ß WO\ÕÁ =°#=ò x=tOKÇ…è=ò. D question <Í#° answer K͆ǰ…è#°. Mathematics He cannot teach Mathematics to the Degree students. q. •H›Æà}Ÿ ƒºeOQ· K͆ǰ…è_È°. 10. 14. g°~¡ ° =¶ help …è ä › ½ O_¨ D work complete K͆ǰ…è~¡°. Highway g°^Î J`Ç_°È car drive K͆°Ç …è_°È . 19. 2. test …Õ rank You cannot get rank in this test without coaching. 18. 6. We cannot find his address in this city.†Ç°‹¹. 17. I cannot bear insult at all. 15. I cannot answer this question. 9. 13.q. P†Ç°# _•ãw q^¥¼~¡°•Ö 䛽 teach K͆ǰ…è_È°. <Í#° D ª•i „¬sH›…Æ Õ 90% H›O>è Z䛽ø= =¶~¡°ø•° score K͆ǰ…è#°. <Í#° D ~ËA duty H÷ attend Hê…è#°. 218 . "Í°=ò D z#߂𬠕°…Õ function H÷ U~Œæ@°Á K͆ǰ…è=ò. 16. "Œ~¡ ° D „¬ x ï ~ O_È ° ~ËA•…Õ „¬ î ië K͆ǰ…è~¡°. 5. <Í#° h =¶@ #=°à…è#°. Z A little learning is a dangerous thing. 4. 13.² support …è䛽O_¨ a. <Í # ° ö ~ „¬ ô J`Ç x H÷ amount adjust K͆ǰ…è#°. P"³° XO@iQê P WO\ÕÁ LO_È…è^ΰ. ~Œ‚¬ • …˜ ã ^ ¥q_£ fast Qê runs score K͆ǰ…è_È°. "Œ~¡ ° Dª•i business …Õ profits ‡ÚO^Î…è~¡°. address : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•.„²². 7. `Çe^ Á OÎ _ ã °È • ‡ã é`Œ•‚¬ìO …èä½› O_¨ rq`ÇO…Õ „²•Á•° Ì„áH÷ ~Œ…è~¡°. \÷. 8. 12. =¶ Maths lecturer doubts clarify K͆ǰ…è_È°. 3. <Í#° J‹¬•° J==¶#O ƒ•’iOKÇ…# è °. We cannot convince him in this matter. 1. 15. Hardwork …è ä › ½ O_¨ =°#=ò life …Õ success Hê…è=ò. Children cannot come up in life without thier parents' encouragement. They cannot complete this work in two days. 20. 11._•. I cannot attend the duty today. =°#=ò J`Ç x x D q+¬ † Ç ° O…Õ X„²æOKÇ…è=ò. ~ŒRO…Õ ‹Ô@°Á ïQ•°=…è^ΰ. =¶ grandfather JO`Ç^ζ~¡O #_È=…è~¡°.*ÿ.„. =°#=ò D ‹² \ © … Õ J`Ç x H›#°Qù#…è=ò. 12.

N KÇO^ ã ƒ Î ì|° =°~¡• „ ã ƒ ¬ •’°`ŒÞxß U~Œæ@° K͆ǰQ®•~Œ ? 8. EXAMPLES 1. g° sister K͆ǰQ®•^¥? pictures ƒìQê Can your lecturers complete your syllabus this month ? 7. paint Can your sister paint the pictures well? 219 6. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~°¡ XH› „¬xx K͆°Ç Q®• ª•=°~¡¼Ö =ò#° (ability) ㄬtßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. g° brother D attempt …Õ Group-I Officer J=Q®•_¨ ? Can your brother become a Group-I Offier in this attempt ? 5. =KÍó "Œ~¡O. =KÍó <³•. 9. D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ ~ö „¬ô. =°#=ò D <³• target reach J=Q®•=¶? Can we reach the target this month ? 3. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^³#á #° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ XH› „¬xx K͆°Ç Q®• ª•=°~¡¼Ö =ò (ability) #° ㄬtßOKÇ°@䛽 "Can+ I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Plural U^³á##° "Can + I form" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. D competition …Õ <Í # ° ïQ•°=Q®•<Œ ? prize Can I win a prize in this competition ? 2. g° lecturers D <³•…Õ g° syllabus „¬îië K͆ǰQ®•~Œ ? 10. Can Sri Chandra Babu form the government again ? g°~¡° D ª•ï~< á Œ succeed J=Q®•~Œ ? Can you succeed atleast this time ? 2007…Õ =°# Indian players =°#䛽 World Cup f‹¬°ä›½~ŒQ®•~Œ ? Can the Indian players bring the World Cup in 2007 ? h=ô D box #° Ì„áH÷ lift K͆ǰQ®•"Œ ? Can you lift this box ? . J J g°~¡° D problem #° ^•³~á ¼¡ OQê face K͆°Ç Q®•~Œ? J`Ç_È° U vehicle J~ò<Œ drive K͆ǰQ®•_¨?• J J h=ô ~ËAH÷ „¬k Q®O@•° „¬xK͆°Ç Q®•"Œ? P"³° U q+¬†Ç°=òÌ„á<³á<Œ argue K͆°Ç Q®•^¥? „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~°¡ XH› „¬xx K͆°Ç Q®• ª•=°~¡¼Ö =ò #° ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. g°~¡° =¶ä›½ English K͆ǰQ®•"Œ ? Grammar teach Can you teach us English Grammar ? 4. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject – Singular..

Howmuch money can your brother earn in a month ? h=ô xq°‘•xH÷ Zxß words type K͆ǰQ®•=ô ? Howmany words can you type in a minute ? 17. P"³° XH›ø`Í JO^Î~¡° guests •#° treat K͆ǰQ®•^¥ ? 9. D q+¬ † Ç ° O…Õ =°#O W„¬ C _È ° UO K͆ǰQ®•=ò ? 19. =°#=ò W„¬C_È° D „ ã = ¬ ¶^ÎO #°O_• Z…ì `Ç„²æOKÇ°HËQ®•=ò ? How can we escape from this danger now ? : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. What can we do in this matter now ? P ‹¬O‹¬Ö#° WH› #°Oz Z=~¡° maintain K͆ǰQ®•~¡°? Who can maintain that firm hereafter? 20. g° younger brother business KǶ‹¬°HËQ®•_¨ ? 5. D ‹¬=°‹¬¼ #°O_• x#°ß Z=~¡° Hꇕ_È Q®•~¡°? 14. =°#O <³ • ~ËA•…Õ Jxß subjects prepare J=Q®•=¶ ? 3. 'Wh' QUESTIONS 11. Who can understand my problem ? D Ì„^Îí city …Õ =°#=ò J`Çxx ZH›ø_È "³^ÎH› Q®•=ò ? 15. =°#=ò D „¬ô‹¬Hë O› ZH›ø_È ‡ÚO^ÎQ•® =ò? 13. h=ô D letter =¶ brother 䛽 JO^Î*è†Ç° Q®•"Œ ? 7. 1. g° brother D ª•i EAMCET …Õ rank ‡ÚO^ÎQ®•_¨ ? 4. <Œ „ ã ‰¬ ß×ä½› h=ô ‹¬=¶^•¥#O K³„æ¬Q•® "Œ ? 6. J`Ç _ È ° D q+¬ † Ç ° O…Õ =°#ä› ½ help K͆ǰQ®•_¨ ? 11. h=ô Zxß languages =¶\ìÁ_ÈQ®•=ô ? 12. Z 220 . D structure Ì„á h=ô Zxß sentences frame K͆ǰQ®•=ô ? 15. Howmany languages can you speak? h=ô D ª•i English …Õ Zxß marks score K͆ǰQ®•=ô ? Howmany marks can you score in English this time ? 13. <Œ ‹¬=°‹¬¼#° Z=~¡° J~¡ÖO KÍ‹¬°HËQ®•~¡°? 14. g° brothers co-operation …è䛽O_¨ h=ô D ‹¬O‹¬Ö#° Z…ì maintain K͆ǰQ®•=ô ? Where love is. g°~¡° WO`Ç #+¬O“ ƒ•’iOKÇQ•® ~Œ ? 10. P†Ç°# U subject ƒìQê teach K͆ǰ Q®•~¡°? 12. there God is. =°#=ò ZxßH›• „¦¬e`Œ•° =òO^ΰQê Z…ì guess K͆ǰQ®•=ò ? How can we guess the election results earlier ? 18. Where can we search for him in this big city ? g° brother <³ • ä› ½ ZO`Ç money ‹¬O‡•kOKÇQ•® _È° ? 16. g° sister English fluent Qê =¶\ìÁ_ÈQ®•^¥? 8. h=ô <Œä›½ D doubt clarify K͆ǰQ®•"Œ? 2..

D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ J#Qê ~ö „¬ô. =KÍó "Œ~¡O. Plural U^³á##¶ "Cann't " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. P"³ ° WH› ø _È XO@iQê LO_È … è ^ ¥? Cann't she stay here alone? 8. g°~¡° D~ËA D work finish K͆ǰ…è~Œ? Cann't you finish this work today? 9. =KÍó <³•. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³#á #° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ K͆°Ç …èH‡› é=ô (XH› „¬xx K͆°Ç Q®• ª•=°~¡¼Ö =ò …èH‡› é=ô@) XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz „ã t¬ ßOKÇ°@䛽 "Cann't + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. J`Ç _ È ° =°#ä› ½ D q+¬ † Ç ° O…Õ K͆ǰ…è_¨? 7. g°~¡ ° <Œä› ½ D~ËA K͆ǰ…è~Œ? money adjust car drive KÍ † Ç ° …è " Œ? Cann't you drive this car? 4. h=ô English fluent Qê =¶\ìÁ_È…è"Œ? Cann't you speak English fluently? 2. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. EXAMPLES 1. h=ô spectacles …è䛽O_¨ KǶ_È…è"Œ? Cann't he help us in this matter? 221 Cann't they solve this problem? Cann't you compete with him? Cann't you adjust me money today? 3. "Œ~¡° D problem solve K͆ǰ…è~Œ? Cann't you see without spectacles? 10. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~¡° K͆ǰ…èH›‡é=ô XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. "Œ~¡° ö~„¬ô match ïQ•°=…è~Œ? Cann't they win the match? . h=ô D 6.. h=ô D questions answer K͆ǰ…è"Œ? J`Ç_È° maths teach K͆ǰ…è_¨? J J J J g°~¡° D test pass Hê…è~Œ ? "Œ~¡° =°#䛽 =‹¬u H›eæOKÇ…è~Œ? „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬`°Ç …ë Õ XH›~°¡ K͆°Ç …èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz „ ã t ¬ ßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ° KÇ°#ßq. h=ô J`Çx`Ë ‡é\©„¬_È…è"Œ? help 5. P"³° WH› D "Œ¼k• #°O_• HË•°HË…è^¥? Cann't she recover from this disease? 11.

India =KÍó World Cup ZO^ΰ䛽 Qï •°=…è^°Î ? 11. h=ô J`Çxx ZO^ΰ䛽 X„²æOKÇ…è=ô? Why cann't you convince him? 19. 6. P"³° ZO^ΰ䛽 =¶\ìÁ_È…è^ΰ? Why cann't she speak? 17. =°#"³°O^ΰ䛽 match ïQ•°=…è=ò? Why cann't we win the match? 14. g°ï~O^ΰ䛽 loan clear K͆ǰ…è~¡° ? 19. h"³O^ΰ䛽 „¬i‘•ø~¡O H›#°Qù#…è=ô? Why cann't you find the solution? 20. 3. h=ô rank ZO^ΰ䛽 ‡ÚO^Î…è=ô? Why cann't you secure a rank? 15. J`Ç_È° ZO^ΰ䛽 HË•°HË…è_È° ? 20. J`Ç_È° money ZO^ΰ䛽 ‹¬O‡•kOKÇ…_ è °È ? 14. 4. h"³O^ΰ䛽 early morning xã^Î…è=…è=ô? 16. "Œï~O^ΰ䛽 „ ã ƒ ¬ •’°`ÇÞO U~Œæ@°K͆°Ç …è~°¡ ? Why cann't they form the government? 18. 2. =°#"³°O^ΰ䛽 success Hê…è=ò ? Why cann't we succeed ? 24. 13. <Í<³O^ΰ䛽 job ‡ÚO^Î…è#°? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. h=ô D „¬sH›Æ ZO^ΰ䛽 pass Hê…è=ô? Why cann't you pass this test? 22. "Œï~O^ΰ䛽 „¬O^³O ïQ•°=…è~¡° ? Why cann't they solve this problem ? Z Set your sail according to the wind. "Œ~¡° syllabus in time …Õ ZO^ΰ䛽 „¬îië K͆ǰ…è~¡°? 15. 5. 222 . <Í#° D test ZO^ΰ䛽 pass Hê…è#° ? 17. "Œï~O^ΰ䛽 D problem solve K͆ǰ…è~¡°? h=ô D work D ~ËA „¬îië K͆ǰ…è"Œ? g°~¡° D problem face K͆ǰ…è~Œ? J`Ç_°È Dª•i prize ïQ•°=…è_¨? P"³° bus …Õ ã„¬†Ç¶}O K͆ǰ…è^¥? "Œ~¡° WO`Ç rent bear K͆ǰ…è~Œ? =°#=ò D subject <³• ~ËA•…Õ prepare Hê…è=¶? 7. J`Ç_³O^ΰ䛽 #_È°=…è_È°? Why cann't he walk? 16. g°ï~O^ΰ䛽 "Œix ZkiOKÇ…è~¡° ? Why cann't you oppose them ? 26. <Í#° lessons ZO^ΰ䛽 follow Hê…è#° Why cann't I follow the lessons ? ? 23. g°~¡° D case ïQ•°=…è~Œ? 8. h"³O^ΰ䛽 ^•Î#=O`Ç°_•q Hê…è=ô ? Why cann't you become a richman ? 25. Why cann't I get a job? 1. P†Ç°# Dª•i `Ç# „ã u ¬ ƒ•’ KǶ„¬…_ è ¨? 9. Ganguly =°~¡ • team …Õ ª•Ö # =ò ‡ÚO^Î…è_¨? 10. =°#"³°O^ΰ䛽 H›‘•“•° Jk•H›q°OKÇ…= è ò? Why cann't we overcome difficulties? 21.. : 94406 16425 EXERCISE 'Wh' QUESTIONS 12. P"³° ZO^ΰ䛽 "Œix X„²æOKÇ…è^ΰ? 13. =°#=ò •H›Æ ¼O ZO^ΰ䛽 ª•k•OKÇ…= è ò? 18. g°~¡° J`Çx`Ë ZO^ΰ䛽 argue K͆ǰ…è~¡°? 12.

: 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ 'Can' Q®°iOz <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. Ex : 1. Cann't he clear this loan ? 4. They cann't do anything. 1. QUESTION FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~°¡ XH› „¬xx K͆°Ç Q®• ª•=°~¡¼Ö =ò#° (capacity) Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Can + I form of the verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 2. 4. We can solve this problem easily. Question Form 4. Cann't you provide us some work? 3. Negative Form 3. 2. D 4 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò. 4. Can we achieve our target? 4.. Cann't you complete the course this month? 2. I can speak English fluently. 3. Ex : 1. Cann't they make arrangements? 223 . Ex : 2. Negative Question Form J#° 4 parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. 1. I cann't understand Hindi. 3. Can you guess the result? 3. nx…Õ =°#=ò 1. Ex : 3. NEGATIVE FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~°¡ XH› „¬xx K͆°Ç …èH› ‡é=ô@#° (ª•=°~¡¼Ö =ò …èH›‡é=ô@) ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Cann't + I form of the verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Can they clear the loan this month? 4. They can win the match today. Positive Form 2. POSITIVE FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~°¡ XH› „¬xx K͆°Ç Q®• ª•=°~¡¼Ö =ò#° (capacity) ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Can + I form of the verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~°¡ K͆°Ç …èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz (ª•=°~¡¼Ö =ò#° …èH›‡é=ô@ Q®°iOz) negative sense …Õ ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Cann't + I form of the verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 'Can' J#° ^¥xx grammar …Õ Anomalous Verb . He cann't get rank this time. We cann't face this problem. Can he lead the team towards success? 2. 1.(Future Form) JO\ì~¡°. He can do any work.

pretend pretended pretended 444. provoke provoked provoked 460. I Form II Form III Form 441. prorogue prorogued prorogued 457. proclaim proclaimed proclaimed 449. prolong prolonged prolonged 452. promote promoted promoted 453. . Negative Form. H›eæOKÇ° HË„¬=ò „¬ô\÷“OKÇ°@ ㄬKÇ°iOKÇ°@ …Õx Positive Form. : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs. Spoken English lesson Z 224 Debt is the worst poverty. prohibit prohibitted prohibitted 451. propose proposed proposed 456. provide provided provided 459. ~¡HOÆ÷ KÇ°@ WKÇ°ó. publish published published D ~ËA Meaning J}KÇ°@. Question Form. prevent prevented prevented 445. press pressed pressed 442. protect protected protected 458. print printed printed 446. J^ΰ=ò@ T‚²ìOKÇ°@ #\÷OKÇ°@ J_È°ÛHù#°@ JKÇ°ó"͆Çò@ |°°A=ô KÍ‹¬°Hù#°@ =òO^ΰ䛽‡é=ô@ ㄬH›\÷OKÇ°@ L`ÇæuëK͆Çò@ xÀ+k•OKÇ°@ ‡Ú_•yOKÇ°@ L#ß`Ç„¬^Îqx WKÇ°ó LKÇ•ó iOKÇ°@ ㄬKŒ~¡O K͆Çò@ „ ã u ¬ ‡•kOKÇ°@ `Œ`ŒøeH›=òQê "Œ~ò^¥ "͆Çò@ Hꇕ_È°@. "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O. pronounce pronounced pronounced 454. propagate propagated propagated 455.. produce produced produced 450. presume presumed presumed 443. Negative Question Form ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 4 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. prove proved proved 447. proceed proceeded proceeded 448.

. H÷ duty H÷ attend J"Œe. We should elect honest leaders. L^˼Q®‹°¬ •ë ° ~ËAH÷ 8 Q®O@•° „¬xK͆¶ Ç e. 7. =KÍ"ó Œ~¡O. "Œ¼‡•~¡‹¬°ë•° ㄬƒ•’°`ŒÞxH÷ KǶ‡•e.m. 6. : 94406 16425 SHOULD XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ XH› „¬xx K͆°Ç =•‹²# qk• (duty) …èH› ƒì^•Î¼`Ç•#° (responsibility) Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. You should enclose the certificates with the application form. Employees should work eight hours in a day. EXAMPLES 1. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³#á #° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ XH› „¬xx K͆°Ç =•‹²# qk• (duty) …èH› ƒì^•Î¼`Ç (responsibility) Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 ''''Should + I form of the VerbÑÑÑÑ L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. All the drivers should possess the licence. =KÍ<ó •³ . report submit We should submit the report to the collector everyweek. D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ ~ö „¬ô. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. "Í°=ò ㄬu"Œ~¡O H›…ÿH›“~ŸH÷ K͆Ƕe. _¢ =á³ ~Ÿ• JO^Î~°¡ licence H›eyLO_¨e. accounts Businessmen should show the accounts to the government. <Í#° ö~„¬ô election duty H÷ attend J"Œe. g°~¡° application form `Ë certificates enclose K͆Ƕe.. traffic rules We should follow the traffic rules in the towns.m. =°#O x*ì~òf Q® • <Œ†Ç ° ä› ½ •#° Z#°ßHË"Œe. <Í#° ㄬu~ËA 10 a. „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•…Õ ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ XH› „¬xx K͆°Ç =•‹²# qk• (duty) …èH› ƒì^•Î¼`Ç•#° (responsibility) Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. I should attend the duty at 10 a. 3. 8. 225 5. J J J J "Í°=ò D<³• WO\÷„¬#°ß K³eÁOKŒe. everyday. Plural U^³á##¶ 'shouldÑ L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 9. =°#=ò „¬ @ “ } ì•…Õ ‡•\÷OKŒe. Students should maintain good discipline. \©K~Ç •Ÿ Hùxß principles ‡•\÷OKŒe. 2. =°#=ò life …Õ XH› aim H›ey†ÇòO_¨e. 4. q^¥¼~¡°•Ö ° =°Oz Hã = › °tH›} Æ ‡•\÷OKŒe.

^•Î#=O`Ç°•° c^Î"ŒiH÷ ‹¬‚𬠆ǰO K͆¶Ç e. Women should wear traditional dress in India.. sincere Qê À‹= Leaders should serve the people sincerely. =°#O c^Î"ŒiH÷ ‹¬‚¬ð†Ç°O K͆Ƕe. 2. ‹Ôx†Ç°~Ÿ• `Ç=° Ex†Ç°~Ÿ•x K͆Ƕe. =°#=ò ƒ•’Q= ® O`Ç°x ^Ά°Ç Hù~¡ä½› ‡ã •~¡# Ö K͆Ƕe. q^¥¼~¡°Ö•° "Œi KÍ‹¬°HË"Œe. We should help the poor. <Œ†Ç°ä›½•° ㄬ[•ä›½ K͆Ƕe. =°#=ò =°# ^͉×O HË‹¬O „¬xK͆Ƕe. =°#=ò =°# „ Ì ^Î•í ‹¬•‚¬ð•#° ‡•\÷OKŒe. 17. g°~¡° „²Hß÷H± "³ˆÃ× ¤@䛽 principal permission f‹¬°HË"Œe. 1. 10. 9. We should obey to the government orders. J`Ç_È° `Ç# `Ç=òàx KÇkqOKŒe. 13. 8. 15. encourage : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 7. 19. ƒ•’ä½› •ë ° temple …Õ x‰×Å|íO ‡•\÷OKŒe. 14. We should respect our parents. The seniors should encourage their juniors. =°#=ò =°Oz J•"Œ@°Á J•=~¡°óHË"Œe. =°#O =°# culture x QÒ~¡qOKŒe. Parents should treat all the children equally. Devotees should maintain silence in the temple. _¨H›~“ °¡ Á `Ç=° =$uëH÷ „¬îië <Œ¼†Ç°O K͆¶ Ç e. g°~¡° P`Çàq‰§Þ‹¬O develop KÍ‹¬°HË"Œe. 16. 18. 11. g°~¡° g° À‹ß‚²ì`Ç°•ä›½ ‹¬‚¬ìH›iOKŒe. <Í#° D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O hardwork K͆Ƕe. WO_•†Ç¶…Õ ‹ ¢ •ëÔ ° ª•Oã„^ ¬ ¥†Ç° ^ΰ‹¬°•ë ° ^•ÎiOKŒe. g°~¡° Z„¬æ\H÷ „ › C¬ _È° =¶ä›½ q+¬†°Ç O inform K͆Ƕe. knowledge x improve Z 226 . 4. parents „²•Á•O^Îih ‹¬=¶#OQê treat K͆Ƕe. 11. „ã ƒ¬ •’°`ÇÞ orders #° =°#O obey K͆Ƕe. 10. =°#=ò =zó # qx†³¶yOKÇ°HË"Œe. 6. We should work for our country. =°#=ò `ÇeÁ^ÎOã_È°•#° QÒ~¡qOKŒe. 14. 5. 13. "Œ~¡° D <³…ìY~¡°…Õ„¬• tax K³eÁOKŒe. 15. You should co-operate with your friends. We should cultivate good habits. 12. 20. J=Hê‰× = ò#° 3. „²•Á•° =°Oz moral stories KÇ^Î"Œe. Life is short. 12. P"³° health care f‹¬°HË"Œe. Art is long.

=°#=ò „¬xx postpone K͆ǰ䛕_È^ΰ. =KÍ"ó Œ~¡O.. We should not disturb other's work. parents „²•• Á #° disappoint K͆°Ç 䛕_È^°Î . 3. Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° XH›~¡° K͆ǰ䛕_Èx „¬#°• Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. =KÍ<ó •³ . K͆ǰ 10. W`Ç~¡°•° …ÕxH÷ ~Œä›•_È^ΰ. „²••Á ° K³_°È J•"Œ@°Á J•=~¡K°Ç HË ä›•_È^°Î . 7. Children should not cultivate bad habits. 6. EXAMPLES 1. =°#=ò time waste K͆ǰ䛕_È^ΰ. We should not interefere in others' matter. =°#=ò W`Ç~¡°• 䛕_È^ΰ. We should not offer bribe to employees. 2. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx U W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³#á #° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ K͆°Ç 䛕_Èx „¬#°•#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Should + not + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Students should not miss the classes. =°#=ò W`Ç ~ ¡ ° • q+¬ † Ç ° O…Õ *ÕH› ¼ O KÍ‹¬°HË䛕_È^ΰ. 227 We should not insult our fellowmen. We should not deceive our friends. =°#=ò =°# `Ë\÷"Œix J==¶xOKÇ ä›•_È^ΰ. 8. D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ ~ö „¬ô. =°#=ò W`Ç~¡°•ä›½ W|ÄOk H›•°Q®*è†Ç° 䛕_È^ΰ. We should not neglect our work. Plural U^³á##¶ "Should + not + I form of the verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 4. work disturb . We should not cause trouble to others. 5. J J J J †Çò=䛽•° W`Ç~°¡ •Ì„á depend Hê䛕_È^ΰ. =°#O L^˼Q®°•ä›½ •OKÇO W=Þ䛕_È^ΰ. 9. =°#=ò =°# work neglect K͆°Ç 䛕_È^°Î . * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. q^¥¼~¡°Ö•° classes miss Hê䛕_È^ΰ. Others should not come inside. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„ô¬ _È° XH›~°¡ K͆°Ç 䛕_Èx „¬#°• Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. =°#=ò =°# À‹ß‚²ì`Ç°•#° "³¶‹¬yOKÇ ä›•_È^ΰ.

9. 2. =°#=ò „ã ƒ¬ •’°`ÇÞ rules JuãHq › °OKÇä•› _È^°Î . 12. We should not boast of ourselves. 5. 14. =°#=ò ‹¬O‡•^Î#Hù~¡ä›½ =°#^͉§xß q_•z "³ˆä¤× •› _È^°Î . 19. Women should not forget our culture. q^¥¼~¡°Ö•° q•°"³á# ‹¬=°†Ç¶xß =$^•¥ K͆ǰ䛕_È^ΰ. 10. Z 228 . g°~¡° work delay K͆ǰ䛕_È^ΰ. =°#=ò q°ug°i ㄬ=iëOKÇ䛕_È^ΰ. 20. Students should not participate in politics. =°#=ò Jk•Hê~¡°•=òO^ΰ =°# „¬ik• ^¥@䛕_È^ΰ. 13. ¢‹Ôë•° =°# ‹¬O‹¬ø$ux =°~¡°=䛕_È^ΰ. Nothing succeeds like success. 6. ƒ ã 사ìà}°•° =¶Oª•‚¬ð~¡=ò u#䛕_È^°Î . We should not cross our limit before the officers. q^¥¼~¡°•Ö =°^•Î¼ U „¬H‡Æ› •`ÇO KǶ„¬ä›•_È^ΰ. 3. =°#=ò W`Ç~¡°• x~¡â†Ç¶•#° q=°iÅOKÇ ä›•_È^ΰ. 11. Teachers Teachers shluld not show partiality among the pupils. =°#=ò P~ËQ® ¼ =ò x~¡ Á H › Æ ¼ =ò KÍ † Ç ° 䛕_È^ΰ. copy H÷ Students shluld not indulge to copying in the examinations.confidence HË…Õæ䛕_È^ΰ. 7. Two-wheeler Ì„á =òQ®°¾~¡° =¼ä›½ë•° ride K͆ǰ䛕_È^ΰ. We should not leave our country for earning. =°#=ò W`Ç ~ ¡ ° • q=°~¡ Å •ä› ½ ƒ•’†°Ç „¬_äÈ •› _È^°Î . 11. =°#=ò =°# Q® ° iOz Qù„¬ æ Qê K³„¬CHË䛕_È^ΰ. 4. Businessmen ‹¬i†³Ø°# licence …è䛽O_¨ "Œ¼‡•~¡O K͆°Ç 䛕_È^°Î . You should not depend on others. 16. ‹Ôx†Ç°~Ÿ• Ex†Ç°~Ÿ•#° x~¡°`Œ•‚¬ì„¬~K ¡ Ç ä›•_È^ΰ. 13. Employees „ ã [¬ •#°Oz •OKÇO f‹¬°Hù# 䛕_È^ΰ. =°#=ò =°# ^͉×=ò#° ^ÍÞ+²OKÇ䛕_È^ΰ. 15. q^¥¼~¡ ° Ö • ° „¬ s H› Æ • …Õ ‡••æ_äÈ •› _È^°Î . 18. g°~¡° W`Ç~°¡ •Ì„á P^•¥~¡„_ ¬ äÈ •› _È^°Î . 1. licence …è䛽O_¨ drivers vehicles drive K͆ǰ䛕_È^ΰ.. 17. We should not voilate government rules. 8. 15. 14. <Í#° <Œ _ȶ¼\©H÷ late Qê "³ˆ×¤ä›•_È^ΰ. Permission …è䛽O_¨ g°~¡° church …ÕxH÷ ㄬ"ÍtOKÇ䛕_È^ΰ. 12. =°#=ò self . Seniors should not discourage juniors. q^¥¼~¡°•œ ° ~Œ[H©†¶ Ç •…Õ ‡•…ç¾#䛕_È^°Î . : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•.

"Œ~¡° D <³• 10 …Õ„¬• nomination file K͆Ƕ…ì? Should they file the nomination before 10th of this month? 4. =°#=ò =òO^ΰQê manager permission f‹¬°Hù#=…ÿ<Œ? 9. =KÍó <³•. g°~¡° D application ö~„¬ô „¬O„¬=…ÿ<Œ? Should you send this application form tomorrow? 7. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ XH› „¬xx K͆°Ç =•‹²# ƒì^•Î¼`Ç (Responsibility) H›~¡ë=¼=ò (duty) Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ ~ö „¬ô. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^³#á #° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ XH› „¬xx K͆°Ç =•‹²# ƒì^•Î¼`Ç. g°~¡° D <³• penalty K³eÁOKŒ…ì? Should you pay penalty this month? 6. ö~„¬ô JH›ø_È䛽 g°`Ë <Í#° 䛕_¨ ~Œ"Œ…ì? Should I too come there with you tomorrow? . Plural U^³á##° 'Should+ I form' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. EXAMPLES 1. =°#=ò ã „ ¬ u "Œ~¡ O K͆Ƕ…ì? report submit Should we submit the report every week? 3. <Í#° D document Ì„á sign K͆Ƕ…ì? Should I sign to this document ? 229 10. J J J J g°~¡° P„¦Ô‹¬°…Õ daily ten hours work K͆Ƕ…ì? h=ô abroad …Õ KÇ^"Î Œ•O>è TOEFL qualify J"Œ…ì? =°#=ò exam hall …Õ J_•y#„¬ô_È° hall ticket KǶ‡•…ì? "Œ~¡° D test 䛽 appear Hê"Œ…ì ? „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~°¡ XH› „¬xx K͆°Ç =•‹²# ƒì^•Î¼`Ç (Responsibility) H›~¡ë=¼=ò (duty) Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject – Singular. =°#=ò text books refer K͆ǰ=…ÿ<Œ? Should we refer to the text books? 8.. XH› business K͆ò Ç @䛽 =°#=ò licence H›eyLO_¨…ì? Should we take the Manager's permission first? Should we possess the licence to do some business? 5. H›~¡ë=¼=ò#° ㄬtßOKÇ°@䛽 "Should+ I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. <Í#° =òO^ΰQê Hê"Œ…ì? Principal #° consult Should I consult the Principal first? 2. =KÍó "Œ~¡O.

=°#=ò =òO^ΰQê "ŒiH÷ ZO`Ç deposit pay K͆Ƕe? Howmuch amount should we pay them as deposit first ? 5. =°#=ò ㄬu lesson H÷ notes prepare KÍ‹¬°HË"Œ…ì? 8. g°~¡ ° ã „ ¬ u ~ËA accounts maintain K͆Ƕ…ì? 4. =°#O ralley x~¡ Þ ‚² ì OKÇ ° @ä› ½ Z=i J#°=°uf‹¬°HË"Œe? 14. =°#=ò guests 䛽 =‹¬u H›eæOKŒ…ì? 5. =°#O next month JH›ø_È Zxß~ËA•° work K͆Ƕe? 12. g°~¡° interview H÷ original certificates f‹¬°Hùx"³ˆì¤…ì? 11. =°#=ò W„¬C_È° WH›ø_È Uq° K͆Ƕe? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. h=ô ö~„¬ô election duty H÷ attend J"Œ…ì? 2. What should we do here now? 2. =°#O WOHê Zxß ~ËA•° training ‡ÚO^¥e? 13. g°~¡° next Sunday =~¡ä›½ WH›ø_È stay K͆Ƕ…ì? 6. =°#=ò application `Ë Zxß [`Ç„¬~¡KŒe? copy •° Howmany copies should we enclose with the application form? 7. <Í#° h䛽 ZO^ΰ䛽 help K͆Ƕe? Why should I help you? 4. g°~¡ ° training camp ä› ½ Z„¬ C _È ° KÍ~¡°HË"Œe? 15. h=ô J#=‹¬ ~ ¡ O Qê J`Ç x q+¬ † Ç ° O…Õ ZO^ΰ䛽 *ÕH›¼O KÍ‹¬°HË"Œe? Why should you interefere in his matter unnecessarily? 8. D #+¬O“ "Í°=ò ZO^ΰ䛽 ƒ•’iOKŒe? Why should we bear this loss? 6. =°#O ~ö „¬ô JH›ø_È Z=ix consult J"Œe? Whom should we consult there tomorrow? 10. =°#=ò =KÍ ó " Œ~¡ O exam fee pay K͆Ƕ…ì? 3. : 94406 16425 EXERCISE 'Wh' QUESTIONS 1. <Í # ° D medicine ~ËAH÷ Zxߪ•~¡°Á f‹¬°HË"Œe? Z Cowards die many times but a vallant dies only once. "Í ° =ò ã „ ¬ u important point note KÍ‹¬°HË"Œ…ì? 9. h=ô D~ËA D work finish K͆Ƕ…ì? 7. g°~¡° D report ZH›ø_È submit K͆Ƕe? Where should you submit this report? 3. =°#=ò licence HË‹¬O ZH›ø_È K͆Ƕe? apply Where should we apply for the licence? 1. =°#=ò bank …Õ chalan f‹¬°HË"Œ…ì? 10. 230 . g°~¡° office …Õ ~ËA䛽 Zxß Q®O@•° „¬xK͆Ƕe? Howmany hours should you work in the office in a day? 9..

Plural U^³á##¶ "Shouldn't " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. <Í#° D test H÷ appear Hê䛕_È^¥? J`Ç#° WH›ø_È stay K͆ǰ䛕_È^¥? J J J J g°~¡° J#°=°u …è䛽O_¨ Ì‹•=ô f‹¬°HË䛕_È^¥? "Œ~¡° KÇ~•ó¡ …Õ ‡•…ç¾#䛕_È^¥? „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ XH›~°¡ K͆°Ç 䛕_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz „ ã t ¬ ßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ° KÇ°#ßq.. =°#=ò =¶Oª•‚¬ð~¡=ò f‹¬°HË䛕_È^¥? Shouldn't we take non-veg food? 5. =°#=ò P q+¬ † Ç ° O…Õ *ÕH› ¼ =ò KÍ‹¬°HË䛕_È^¥? Shouldn't we interefere in that matter? . XH› ¢ ï H á ‹ ¬ ë = ‹¬ < Œ¼‹² x KÍ‹¬°HË䛕_È^¥? Shouldn't a nun get married? 2. <Í#° …ÕxH÷ ~Œä›•_È^¥? Shouldn't I come in? 7. =°#=ò D q+¬ † Ç ° O |‚² ì ~¡ ¾ ` Ç = ò K͆ǰ䛕_È^¥? Shouldn't we reveal this matter? 4. XH› ‹¬<Œ¼‹² HËiH›•° H›ey†ÇòO_È䛕_È^¥? Shouldn't a saint possess desires? 6. "Í°=ò D programme …Õ ‡•…ç¾#䛕_È^¥? Shouldn't we participate in this programme? 3. D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ K͆°Ç 䛕_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Shouldn't + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. <Í#° q=~Œ•° `³•°‹¬°HË䛕_È^¥? Shouldn't I know the details? 231 q"Œ‚¬ ì O 8. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ =°#=ò K͆ǰ䛕_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. EXAMPLES 1. g°~¡ ° J#°=°u…è ä › ½ O_¨ |†Ç ° @ä› ½ "³ˆ×¤ä›•_È^¥ ? Shouldn't you go out without permission? 10. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. Office hours …Õ =°#=ò |†Ç ° @ u~¡Q®ä›•_È^¥? Shouldn't we move out during office hours? 9.

"Œ~¡ ° ZO^Î ° ä› ½ K͆ǰ䛕_È^ΰ? money demand Why shouldn't they demand money? 16.. =°#=ò D Hê䛕_È^ΰ? course ZO^Î ° ä› ½ join Why shouldn't we join this course? 13. =°#=ò D test H÷ ZO^ΰ䛽 appear Hê䛕_È^ΰ? 14. =°#=ò ZO^ΰ䛽 claim K͆ǰ䛕_È^ΰ? Why shouldn't we claim it? 18. =°#=ò D tickect Ì„á express train …Õ ZO^ΰ䛽 ㄬ†Ç¶}=ò K͆ǰ䛕_È^ΰ? Z Courage is always a means of success. g°~¡° High Court …Õ ZO^ΰ䛽 appeal KÍ‹¬°HË䛕_È^¥? 15. h=ô seminar …Õ ZO^ΰ䛽 ‡•…ç¾#䛕_È^°Î ? 11. P „¬ x h"³ O ^Î ° ä› ½ KÍ † Ç ° ä› • _È ^ Î ° ? Why shouldn't you do that work? 17. EXERCISE 'Wh' QUESTIONS 11. =°#=ò =°# opinion ZO^ΰ䛽 express K͆ǰ䛕_È^ΰ? 12. P†Ç ° # ZxßH› • …Õ ZO^Î ° H› ½ ‡é\© K͆ǰ䛕_È^ΰ? Why shouldn't he contest in the elections? 14. "Œ~¡° administration q+¬†Ç°O…Õ *ÕH›¼O KÍ‹¬°HË䛕_È^¥? 10. =°#=ò Principal chamber …ÕxH÷ enter Hê䛕_È^¥? 2. =°#=ò XH› i HùH› ~ ¡ O ‹¬‚¬ìH›iOKÇ°HË䛕_È^ΰ? ZO^Î ° ä› ½ Why shouldn't we co-operate with one another? 19. rules #° Juã H › q °OKÇ ä›•_È^¥? 9. =°#=ò govt. <Í#° W„¬C_È° D course KÇ͆ǰ䛕_È^¥? 6. =°#=ò licence …è䛽O_¨ business start K͆ǰ䛕_È^¥? 7. =°#=ò D q+¬†Ç°O…Õ own decision f‹¬°HË䛕_È^¥? 4. XH› widow =°~¡• ZO^ΰ䛽 KÍ‹¬°HË䛕_È^ΰ? marriage Why shouldn't a widow get married again? 20. =°#=ò J<Œ¼†Ç ¶ xß ZkiOKÇ䛕_È^ΰ? : 94406 16425 ZO^Î ° ä› ½ Why shouldn't we oppose injustice? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. P"³° WH›ø_È䛽 ZO^ΰ䛽 ~Œä›•_È^ΰ? Why shouldn't she come here? 15. =°#=ò J#°=°u …è䛽O_¨ |†Ç°@䛽 "³ˆ×¤ä›•_È^¥? 5. <Í#° Ì‹•=ô ZO^ΰ䛽 f‹¬°HË䛕_È^ΰ? 13. 1. g°~¡° q^¥¼~¡°œ• #°Oz donations collect K͆ǰ䛕_È^¥? 8. 232 . g°~¡° guides follow J=䛕_È^¥? 3. <Í#° D meeting H÷ ZO^ΰ䛽 Hê䛕_È^ΰ? attend Why shouldn't I attend this meeting? 12.

NEGATIVE FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ K͆°Ç 䛕_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Should not + I form of the verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Negative Form 3. Shouldn't they participate in this seminar? 233 . Should you consult the Manager today? 3. Ex : 1. They should not cause trouble. Negative Question Form J#° 4 parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. Shouldn't we interefere in this matter? 3. 3. Ex : 1. Positive Form 2. He should seek their permission. 'Should' J#° ^¥xx grammar …Õ Anomalous Verb . Should they pay penalty? 4. ƒì^•Î¼`ÇQê K͆°Ç =•‹²# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Should + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. He should not do like that. 1. You should possess the licence. 3. Should he come here? 4. : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ 'Should' Q®°iOz <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. Ex : 3. We should maintain discipline.(Future Form) JO\ì~¡°. nx…Õ =°#=ò 1. 2. Ex : 1. D 4 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò. POSITIVE FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ qk•Qê. They should pay the bill regularly. Should we attend the special duty tomorrow? 2. 4. 4. Shouldn't we know the matter? 2. 2. ƒì^•Î¼`ÇQêK͆ò Ç XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Should + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 2. You should not neglect the work. NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°ë…Õ K͆ǰ䛕_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Shouldn't + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 1. We should not blame others. Shouldn't he appear for this test? 4. Question Form 4. QUESTION FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ qk•Qê..

purchase purchased purchased 464. quote quoted quoted 469. : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs. <³@°“@ J~¡Ý`Ç ‡ÚO^ΰ@ ^΄²æH› f~¡°ó@ L^΂¬ìiOKÇ°@ Ì„áïH`Ç°ë@ j•=ò K³~¡KÇ°@ KÍ~¡°Hù#°@ `³•°‹¬°H›ù#°@ „¬O@HˆÇò@ JO^ΰHù#°@ X„¬CHù#°@ Q®°iëOKÇ°@ ‹²‡•¦ ~¡‹°¬ Kdž Í ò Ç @ ã"Œ‹²Ì„@°“@ uiy ‡ÚO^ΰ@ ‹¬ik^ΰí@ …Õx Positive Form. push pushed pushed 466. recite recited recited 476. record recorded recorded 479. rectify rectified rectified D ~ËA Meaning …ìQ®°@ ‡Ú_• K͆òÇ @ H›ù#°@ ‰×Ã^Îœ=ò K͆Çò@ ã`ˆÇò@. I Form II Form III Form 461. Question Form. . raise raised raised 470.. receive received received 475. qualify qualified qualified 467. reap reaped reaped 474. recognize recognized recognized 477. rape raped raped 471. quench quenched quenched 468. recommend recommended recommended 478. Negative Question Form ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 4 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. Negative Form. reach reached reached 472. pull pulled pulled 462. realize realized realized 473. Spoken English lesson Z 234 Better lose a jester than a friend. pulverize pulverized pulverized 463. recover recovered recovered 480. purify purified purified 465. "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O.

He must pay donation for MBA course. =°#=ò D J=Hê‰×=ò#° qx†³¶yOKÇ° 䛽xf~Œe. The Indian team must win the match today to reach the finals. <Í#° D "Œ~¡O Yzó`ÇOQê =¶ T~¡° "³o¤f~Œe. 4. g°~¡° ㄬu important point note KÍ‹¬°Hùx f~Œe. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°ë…Õx U W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³á##° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° Yzó`ÇOQê. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. Plural U^³á##¶ 'MustÑ L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.. =KÍ<ó •³ . ö~„¬ô <Í#° J`Çxx Yzó`ÇOQê H›e‹² f~Œe. J"Œ~¡° `Ç„¬æx‹¬iQê licence H›ey†ÇòO_¨e. "Í ° =ò MCA admission ‡ÚO^Î ° @ä› ½ entrance test 䛽 appear J~òf~Œe. 9. She must consult the doctor immediately. D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ ~ö „¬ô. P"³° "³O@<Í _¨H›~“ # Ÿ ° consult J~òf~Œe. MBA course 䛽 J`Ç_°È donation pay KÍ‹² f~Œe. I must go to my village this week. You must submit the originals at the time of interview. 8. 5. work complete KÍ‹² I must complete this work today. : 94406 16425 MUST XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~¡° `Ç„¬æx‹¬iQê (compulsory) KÍ‹² f~¡=•‹²# „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. We must avail ourselves of this opportunity. . 10. You must note every important point. g°~¡° WO@~¡¶Þ¼ ‹¬=°†Ç°O…Õ originals submit KÍ‹²f~Œe. We must appear for the entrance test to get admission to MCA. J`Ç_°È D ª•i exam pass J~ò f~Œe. =KÍ"ó Œ~¡O. 6. 3. EXAMPLES 1. `Ç„¬æx‹¬iQê (compulsory) KÍ‹² f~¡=•‹²# XH›„¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 ''''Must+ I form of the VerbÑÑÑÑ L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Indian team finals KÍ~¡°@䛽 D ~ËA match ïQezf~Œe. 7. 2. J J „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ `Ç„æ¬ x‹¬iQê (compulsory) KÍ‹² f~¡=•‹²# „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ° KÇ°#ßq. J g°~¡° Yzó`ÇOQê =òO^ΰQê "Í°<Í[~Ÿ J#°=°u f‹¬°HË"Œe. "Œ~¡° customers #° satisfy KÍ‹²f~Œe. 235 <Í#° D ~ËA D f~Œe. They must satisfy the customers.

=°#O Hùxß ‹²^¥œO`Œ•ä›½ H›@°“|_• LO_¨e. 18. "Í°=ò D ~ËA WH›ø_È |†Ç°•°^Íif~Œe. P†Ç°# D ~ËA `Ç„¬æx ‹¬iQê WH›ø_È䛽 =zóf~Œe. 3. 2. 11. A good teacher must possess all good qualities. 16. You must prove your honesty. 4. We must start here today. 13. They must vacate the house according to the court orders. "Œ~¡° `Ç„¬æx ‹¬iQê ö~„¬ô HË~¡°“䛽 ‚¬ð[~¡° J~òf~Œe. P"³° Z…ìïQ<á Œ D "Œ¼k• #°Oz HË•°HË"Œe. 9. h=ô Z…ìïQá<Œ "Œix D q+¬†Ç°O…Õ convince K͆Ƕe. 6. D game …Õ =°#O "Œix F_•Oz f~Œe. h=ô h honesty x prove KÍ‹°¬ Hùxf~Œe. `Ç e Á ^ Î O ã _ È ° •° „² • Á • #° `Ç „ ¬ æ x ‹¬ i Qê educate KÍ‹²f~Œe. 8. 12. 10. Students must know everything. 236 . D <³•…Õ "Œ~¡° loan clear KÍ‹²f~Œe. =°#=ò next Monday …Õ„¬• amount deposit KÍ‹²f~Œe. g°~¡ ° D ã „ ¬ † Ç ° `Ç ß O …Õ `Ç „ ¬ æ x ‹¬ i Qê succeed J"Œe. 11. q^¥¼~¡°•Ö ° „ ã u ¬ q+¬†°Ç O `³•°‹¬°Hùx f~Œe. 19. 1. XH› =°Oz teacher Jxß L`Çë=° •H›Æ}ì•° H›ey†ÇòO_¨e. 14. Parents must educate their children. 20. h=ô `Ç„¬æx ‹¬iQê penalty K³eÁOzf~Œe.. ã „ ¬ u =ò‹² Á O `Ç „ ¬ æ x ‹¬ i Qê =°Hêø ‹¬O^ÎiÅOKŒe. 14. 12. 13. Court orders ã „ ¬ H ê~¡ O "Œ~¡ ° P W•°Á MìmKÍ‹²f~Œe. : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. <Í#° `Ç„¬æx ‹¬iQê Hindi <Í~¡°óHùxf~Œe. 15. =°#O Z…ìïQá<Œ „¬sH›Æ•ä›½ =òO^ΰ D book publish KÍ‹²f~Œe. =°#O Z…ìï Q á < Œ ª•†Ç ° Oã ` Ç O …Õ„¬ • Q®°O@¶~¡° KÍ~¡°HË"Œe. =°#=ò Z…ìïQá<Œ D ª•i best rank ª•k•OKŒe. „ ã u ¬ ‚²ìO^ΰ=ô ƒ•’Q= ® n¾`Ç KÇkqf~Œe. They must clear the loan this month. Z Bad workmen quarrel with their tools. 5. P"³° WOHùH› "Œ~¡O ~ËA•° LO_•f~Œe. "Í°=ò Yzó`ÇOQê D course complete KÍ‹²f~Œe. =°#O `Ç„¬æx ‹¬iQê Principal permission f‹¬°Hùxf~Œe. They must attend the court tomorrow. hospital …Õ She must stay in the hospital one more week. 7. 17. Every Hindu must read the Bhagavad Gita. 15.

=°#O Z\÷ “ „¬ i ‹² Ö ` Ç ° •…Õ#¶ ‹¬ ‚ ¬ ì #O HË…Õæ䛕_È^ΰ. =KÍ<ó •³ . : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ Z\÷“ „¬i‹²`Ö °Ç •…Õ#¶ K͆°Ç 䛕_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. 4. We must not lose patience. 8. You must not reveal this matter. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx U W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³#á #° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ Z\÷“ „¬i‹²`Ö °Ç •…Õ#¶ K͆°Ç 䛕_Èx „¬#°•#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Must + not + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. We must not kill our principles. g°~¡° Z\÷“ „¬i‹²Ö`Ç°•…Õ#¶ D q+¬†Ç°O |‚²ì~¡¾`ÇO K͆ǰ䛕_È^ΰ. Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°ë…Õ XH›~¡° Z\÷“ „¬i‹²Ö`Ç°•…Õ#¶ K͆ǰ䛕_Èx „¬#°• Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. 9. J J J J <Í#° Z\÷“ „¬i‹²Ö`Ç°•…Õ#¶ ö~„¬ô Ì‹•=ô f‹¬°HË䛕_È^ΰ. time You must not waste time. 5. We must not lose heart. fail I must not fail in this examination. * EXAMPLES 1. 10. 237 6. Plural U^³# á #¶ "Must + not + I form of the verb" L„¬†¶³ yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. J`Ç_È° Z\÷“ „¬i‹²Ö`Ç°•…Õ#¶ D q+¬†Ç°O `³•‹¬°HË䛕_È^ΰ. h=ô Z@°=O\÷ „¬i‹²Ö`Ç°•…Õ#¶ waste K͆ǰ䛕_È^ΰ.. You must not miss the class tomorrow. We must not lose this opportunity. D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ ~ö „¬ô. proposal She must not accept to this proposal. =KÍ"ó Œ~¡O. "Œ~¡° Z\÷“ „¬i‹²Ö`Ç°•…Õ#¶ D match F_•‡é䛕_È^°Î . =°#O Z\÷ “ „¬ i ‹² Ö ` Ç ° •…Õ#¶ =°# ‹²^¥œO`Ç=ò•#° KÇO„¬ôHË䛕_È^ΰ. . 2. =°#O Z@°=O\÷ „¬ i ‹² Ö ` Ç ° •…Õ#¶ x~¡°`Œ•‚¬ì„¬_äÈ •› _È^°Î . <Í#° Z\÷“ „¬i‹²Ö`Ç°•…Õ D „¬sH›Æ J=䛕_È^ΰ. P"³° U „¬i‹²Ö`Ç°•…Õ#¶ D JOwH›iOKÇ䛕_È^ΰ. g°~¡° ö~„¬ô U „¬i‹²Ö`Ç°•…Õ#¶ class miss Hê䛕_È^ΰ. 7. Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject – Singular. He must not know this matter. J`Ç_È° Z\÷“ „¬i‹²Ö`Ç°•…Õ#¶ D „¬sH›Æ fail J=䛕_È^ΰ. 3. =°#=ò Z\÷ “ „¬ i ‹² Ö ` Ç ° • …Õ#¶ D J=Hê‰×=ò ‡ÚQù@°“HË䛕_È^ΰ. =°#=ò Z\÷“ „¬i‹²Ö`Ç°•…Õ#¶ D J=Hê‰×O =^ΰ•°HË䛕_È^ΰ.

P"³° Z\÷“ „¬i‹²Ö`Ç°•…Õ#° P attend J=䛕_È^ΰ. 19. 9. =°#=ò U „¬ i ‹² Ö ` Ç ° •…Õ#° F@q°x JOwH›iOKÇ䛕_È^ΰ. h=ô U „¬ i ‹² Ö ` Ç ° •…Õ#° enemies #° `Ç䛽ø=Qê estimate K͆ǰ䛕_È^ΰ. We must not compromise to the circumstances. 1. J`Ç_È° Z\÷“ „¬i‹²Ö`Ç°•…Õ#¶ D ZxßH›•…Õ ïQ•°=䛕_È^ΰ. "Œ~¡° Z\÷“ „¬i‹²`Ö °Ç •…Õ#° D place q_•z "³ˆ×¤ä›•_È^ΰ. 15. parents 䛽 : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. Z\÷“ „¬i‹²`Ö °Ç •…Õ#¶ ~ö „¬ô Australia =°#Ì„á ïQ•°=䛕_È^ΰ. 13. 12. 8. We must not seek their help this time A rolling stone gathers no moss. Z@°=O\÷ „¬i‹²Ö`Ç°•…Õ#¶ =°#O _È|°Ä J„¬C K͆ǰ䛕_È^ΰ. Leaders must not misuse their power. Australia must not win the match against India tomorrow. We must not postpone programme tomorrow. function 䛽 6. Z@°=O\÷ „¬i‹²Ö`Ç°•…Õ#° =°#O ö~„¬ô programme postpone K͆ǰ䛕_È^ΰ. J`Ç_È° ö~„¬ô U „¬i‹²Ö`Ç°…Õ#° WH›ø_•H÷ ~Œä›•_È^ΰ. =°#=ò Z\÷“ „¬i‹²Ö`Ç°•…Õ#° D ª•i "³¶‹¬‡é䛕_È^ΰ. 14. 3.. =°#O U „¬i‹²Ö`Ç°•…Õ#° J|^ÎœO K³„¬æ䛕_È^ΰ. =°#=ò Z\÷ “ „¬ i ‹² Ö ` Ç ° •…Õ#¶ ~Œr „¬_È䛕_È^ΰ. <Í#° U „¬i‹²Ö`Ç°•…Õ#¶ "ŒiH›O>è "³#°H› „¬_È䛕_È^ΰ. Z 238 . 2. =°#=ò D ª•i Z\÷“ „¬i‹²`Ö °Ç •…Õ#¶ "Œi ‹¬‚¬ð†Ç°O HË~¡ä›•_È^ΰ. He must not win this election. Teachers must not allow copying in the examinations. =°#=ò Z@°=O\÷ „¬i‹²`Ö °Ç •…Õ#° ^•³~á ¼¡ O HË…Õæ䛕_È^ΰ. 5. 10. 17. \©KÇ~Ÿ• Z\÷“ „¬i‹²Ö`Ç°•…Õ#¶ „¬sH›Æ•…Õ copying 䛽 J#°=°uOKÇ䛕_È^ΰ. 11. Jƒ•’¼~¡°Ö•° U „¬i‹²Ö`Ç°•…Õ#° ZxßH›• x|O^•Î# JuãHq› °OKÇä•› _È^°Î . We must not borrow money. 4. We must not tell lies to our parents. <Í#° U „¬i‹²Ö`Ç°•…Õ#° D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O studies neglect K͆ǰ䛕_È^ΰ. 16. 18. <Œ†Ç°ä›½•° U „¬i‹²`Ö °Ç •…Õ#¶ Jk•Hê~¡O ^ΰiÞx†³¶Q®O K͆ǰ䛕_È^ΰ. the 7.

"Œ~¡° `Ç„¬æx‹¬iQê P ‹¬Ö•O Mìm KÍ‹² f~Œ…ì? Must they vacate that site? 8. J J J J h=ô `Ç„æ¬ x‹¬iQê W„¬C_È° "Œi WO\ÕÁ LO_• f~Œ…ì? P"³° `Ç„¬æx‹¬iQê D ~ËA T~¡° "³o¤ f~Œ…ì? P†Ç°# `Ç„¬æx‹¬iQê D medicine f‹¬°Hùx f~Œ…ì? "Œ~¡° `Ç„¬æx ‹¬iQê B. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^³#á #° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ `Ç„æ¬ x ‹¬iQê KÍ‹² f~¡=•‹²# XH› „¬xx ㄬtßOKÇ°@䛽 "Must + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. J`Ç _ È ° "Œix `Ç „ ¬ æ x‹¬ i Qê ‡é+² O z f~Œ…ì? Must he feed them? . Hù~¡ä›½ `Ç„¬æx‹¬iQê =°#=ò KǶ„²Oz f~¡=…ÿ<Œ? loan surity Must we show surity for a loan? 10. =°#=ò `Ç„æ¬x‹¬iQê D HË~Ÿ• KÍ‹f ² ~Œ…ì? Must we do this course? Must you attend the seminar tomorrow? 4. g°~¡ ° ö ~ „¬ ô `Ç „ ¬ æ x‹¬ i Qê ‚¬ð[~¡~òf~Œ…ì? 6. P†Ç°# `Ç„¬æx‹¬iQê J~òf~Œ…ì? Must she come here tomorrow? entrance Must we appear for the entrance test for MCA admission ? 3. =KÍó "Œ~¡O. P"³° `Ç„¬æx‹¬iQê ö~„¬ô WH›ø_È䛽 =zó f~Œ…ì? 9. D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ ~ö „¬ô. <Í#° ö~„¬ô h`Ë JH›ø_È䛽 =zóf~Œ…ì? Must I come there with you tomorrow? 2.Ed. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject – Singular. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ `Ç„æ¬ x‹¬iQê KÍ‹f ² ~¡=•‹²# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. =°#=ò MCA admission 䛽 test 䛽 appear J~òf~Œ…ì? seminar H÷ doctor #° consult Must he consult the doctor? 5. <Í#° `Ç„¬æx‹¬iQê identity card KǶ‡•…ì? Must I show the Identity card? 239 7. Plural U^³á##° 'Must + I form" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. KÍ‹²f~Œ…ì ? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~°¡ `Ç„æ¬ x‹¬iQê KÍ‹f ² ~¡=•‹²# XH› „¬xx ㄬtßOKÇ°@ Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq.. =KÍó <³•. EXAMPLES 1.

g°~¡° `Ç„æ¬ x‹¬iQê ~ö „¬ô JH›ø_È J`Çxx H›e‹² f~Œ…ì ? 4. J`Ç_È° `Ç„¬æx‹¬iQê D exam pass J~ò f~Œ…ì ? 11. h=ô "ŒiH÷ =òO^ΰQê inform KÍ‹f ² ~Œ…ì? Must you inform them earlier? Little strokes fell great oaks. J`Ç _ È ° `Ç „ ¬ æ x ‹¬ i Qê D course KÍ ‹ ² f~Œ…ì? 5. h=ô `Ç„æ¬ x‹¬iQê ~ö „¬ô J`ÇxH÷ money „¬O„² f~Œ…ì ? 3. =°#=ò `Ç „ ¬ æ x ‹¬ i Qê D books Hùx f~Œ…ì ? 10. "Œ~¡ ° `Ç „ ¬ æ x ‹¬ i Qê D rule ‡•\÷Oz f~Œ…ì? 13. h=ô `Ç„¬æx‹¬iQê "Œi permission ‡ÚOk f~Œ…ì ? 14. h=ô `Ç„¬æx‹¬iQê D test 䛽 coaching f‹¬°Hùx f~Œ…ì ? 8. 11. =°#=ò D form …Õ Jxß columns fill KÍ‹² f~Œ…ì? Must we fill up all the columns in this form? 15.. P"³° `Ç„æ¬ x‹¬iQê treatment ‡ÚOkf~Œ…ì? Must she undergo treatment? Must they finish this work tomorrow? 13. =°#=ò ~ö „¬ô JH›ø_•H÷ "³of Á ~Œ…ì ? 2. "Œ~¡° `Ç„¬æx‹¬iQê ö~„¬ô D report submit KÍ‹²f~Œ…ì ? 7. 12. P"³° `Ç„¬æx‹¬iQê training ‡ÚOk f~Œ…ì? 6. P"³ ° `Ç „ ¬ æ x‹¬ i Qê treatment ‡ÚOk f~Œ…ì? 12. <Í#° ö~„¬ô `Ç„¬æx‹¬iQê D iHê~ŸÛ present KÍ‹²f~Œ…ì? Must I present this record there tomorrow? 16. g°~¡° `Ç„¬æx‹¬iQê Enlgish paper answer KÍ‹²f~Œ…ì? Must you answer the English paper? 14. =°#O application Ì „ á JO\÷Ozf~Œ…ì? EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. =°#=ò `Ç„æ¬ x‹¬iQê D <³•…Õ loan clear KÍ‹²f~Œ…ì ? 20. seat? files D "Œ~¡ O clear KÍ ‹ ² Must you clear all these files this week? 18.Ed. g°~¡° `Ç„¬æx‹¬iQê ö~„¬ô JH›ø_È "Œix receive KÍ‹¬°Hùx f~Œ…ì ? 9. =°#O B. g°~¡ ° D f~Œ…ì? : 94406 16425 photograph Must we affix the passport size photograph on application form? 1.Ed seat 䛽 `Ç„æ¬ x‹¬iQê donation pay KÍ‹²f~Œ…ì? Must we pay donation for the B. <Í # ° `Ç „ ¬ æ x ‹¬ i Qê D ~ËA office H÷ =zóf~Œ…ì ? 15. h=ô ö~„¬ô `Ç„¬æx‹¬iQê Chennai KÍ~¡°Hùx f~Œ…ì? Must you reach Chennai tomorrow? 19. "Œ~¡° `Ç„¬æx‹¬iQê D „¬x ö~„¬ô „¬îië KÍ‹² f~Œ…ì? 17. Z 240 .

I must pass this test. You must prepare all the lessons. Must I appear for the entrance test ? 2. We must learn Sanskrit. We must not lose heart in our difficulties. nx…Õ =°#=ò 1. NEGATIVE FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ =°#=ò Z\÷“ „¬i‹²`Ö °Ç •…Õ#° K͆°Ç 䛕_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Must not+ I form of the Verb " L„¬†¶ ³ yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 4. 4. 2. POSITIVE FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ `Ç„æ¬ H› KÍ‹f ² ~¡=•‹²# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Must + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Ex : 1. 3. We must not fear to our problems. Must we enclose original certificates ? 3. 3. 1. 2. : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ 'Must' Q®°iOz <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. They must finish this work today. 'Must' J#° ^¥xx grammar …Õ Anoamalous Verb . Ex : 1. 3.(Future Form) JO\ì~¡°. Positive Form 2. They must not repeat this mistake. Ex : 1. Must you submit this report tomorrow ? 4. Must they vacate the house next month ? 241 . 2. D 3 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò. QUESTION FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ Yzó`OÇ Qê KÍ‹f ² ~¡=•‹²# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Must + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. He must not know this news. Negative Form 3. Question Form J#° 3 parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò..

refuse refused refused 484. Question Form ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 3 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. . "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O. relieve relieved relieved 491. remember remembered remembered 493. reject rejected rejected 487. relax relaxed relaxed 489. relate related related 488. repent repented repented 497. remain remained remained 492. remove removed removed 495. Z 242 He who spits against the sky will have it fall on his face. repeat repeated repeated 496. K͆Çò@ „¬‰§ó`Œë„¬ „¬_È°@ |^ΰ•° K³„¬C@ Hê=•‹²#k HË~¡°@ Hꇕ_È°@ x=VtOKÇ°@ D ~ËA Spoken English lesson …Õx Positive Form. regret regretted regretted 485. reform reformed reformed 483.. rescue rescued rescued 500. reduce reduced reduced 482. I Form II Form III Form 481. reply replied replied 498. require required required 499. Negative Form. regulate regulated regulated 486. reside resided resided Meaning `Çy¾OKÇ°@ ‹¬Oª•ø~¡=ò K͆òÇ @ u~¡‹¬øiOKÇ°@ „¬‰§ó`Œë„¬„¬_È°@ ãH›=°„¬~¡KÇ°@ ã`Ë‹²"͆Çò@ q=iOKÇ°@ ‹À ÞKÇ•ó Qê LO_È°@ q_•„²OKÇ°@ q_È°^Ε K͆Çò (L^˼Q® ‹¬OII"³°Ø#q) q°ye †ÇòO_È° *ìý„¬H›=òOKÇ°Hù#°@ *ìý„¬H› „¬~¡KÇ°@ `ù•yOKÇ°@ =°~¡• K³„¬C. release released released 490. : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs. remind reminded reminded 494.

We could realise our mistake in a few days.G. The police could identify the criminals within two days. <Í#° Degree …Õ 90% =¶~¡°ø•° K͆ǰQ®ey<Œ#°. 243 7. "Í°=ò last time P problem easy Qê solve K͆ǰQ®ey<Œ=ò. =¶ sister x#ß ‡•@• ‡é\©…Õ first prize ‡ÚO^ÎQ®ey#k. <Í#° x#ß interview …Õ Jxß answer K͆ǰQ®ey<Œ#°. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. Sachin Tendulkar KŒ…ì z#ß =†Ç°‹¬°•…Õ ã„¬„¬OKÇ records create K͆ǰQ®ey<Œ_È°. questions I could answer all the questions in the interview yesterday. <Í # ° <Œ 19= †Í ° @†Í ° „² . score 6. My sister could win the first prize in the singing competition yesterday. We could solve that problem easily last time. We Could reach Nellore within two hours yesterday. Sachin Tendulkar could create the world records at a young age. ‡éb‹¬°•° <Í~¡‹¬°Ö•#° ï~O_È° ~ËA•…Õ Q®°iëOKÇQ®ey<Œ~¡°. 8. D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ x#ß. J J J J „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`OÇ …Õ XH›~°¡ XH› „¬xx K͆°Ç Q®ey# ª•=°~¡¼Ö =ò#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. I could score 90% of marks in Degree. "Í°=ò x#ß ï~O_È° Q®O@•…Õ <³•¶Á~¡° KÍ~¡°HËQ®eQê=ò.minister at the age of 45. : 94406 16425 COULD XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~¡° XH› „¬xx K͆ǰQ®ey# ª•=°~¡¼Ö =ò#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. Q®`Ç <³•. 3. „¬ î ië K͆ǰQ®ey<Œ#°. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› Q®`OÇ …Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³#á #° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ XH› „¬xx K͆°Ç Q®ey# ª•=°~¡¼Ö =ò#° (ability) ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Could + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 2. Sri Chandra Babu could become Chief. 5. . "Í°=ò last year =°Oz results ‡ÚO^ÎQ®eQê=ò. at the age of 19. "Í°=ò Hùkí ~ËA•…Õ<Í `Ç„¬C `³•°‹¬°HË Q®e<Œ=ò. N KÇ O ã ^ Î ƒ ì|° `Ç # 45= U@<Í =òY¼=°Oãu J=Q®ey<Œ~¡°. <Í#° x#ß interview ƒìQê K͆ǰQ®ey<Œ#°. "Œ~¡° x#ß match easy Qê ïQ•°= Q®ey<Œ~¡°.. 4. Plural U^³á##¶ "Could" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. J`Ç_È° x#ß =¶ä›½ amount adjust K͆ǰQ®ey<Œ_È°. I could complete my P. 10. Q®`Ç "Œ~¡O. EXAMPLES 1. l. 9.

P"³° x#ß guest •#° KŒ…ì ƒìQê treat K͆ǰQ®ey#k. <ŒQê~¡°û# J#ß=°†Ç°¼ ‡•ã`Ç…Õ ƒìQê K͆ǰQ®eQê_È°. They could earn 25 lakhs in the Z business in 5 years. „¬~¡°Q®°•° K͆ǰ䛽O_¨ J_È°ÛHËQ®ey<Œ~¡°. <Í # ° x#ß „¬ s H› Æ KŒ…ì ƒìQê ã"Œ†Ç°Q®ey<Œ#°. I could learn Short Hand Writing within two months. My brother could do the interview well yesterday. 5. 3. 7. J^Î$+¬= “ ‰§`Ç°ë "Í°=ò P „ ã = ¬ ¶^Î=ò #°O_• escape J=Q®ey<Œ=ò. HË•°HËQ®ey#k. 4. Last time "Í°=ò Ì‹•=ô•° ƒìQê enjoy K͆ǰQ®ey<Œ=ò.. The Indian bowlers could prevent the Pakistan batsmen from making runs. ª•k•OKÇQe® y<Œ=ò.000 last year. She could recover from the attack of typhoid completely. 11. act 12. 50. I could repay his amount within ten days last time. 19. =¶ brother last year ~¡¶. "Œ~¡° "Œ¼‡•~¡O…Õ 5 ‹¬OII…Õ 25 •H›Æ•° ‹¬O‡•kOKÇQe® y<Œ~¡°. A tree is known by its fruit. We could convince him in this matter yesterday. "Í°=ò ï~O_È° <³••…Õ<Í house construct K͆ǰQ®ey<Œ=ò. =¶ friends ‹¬‚¬ð†Ç°O`Ë "Í°=ò x#ß P „¬x ‹¬°•ƒ•’OQê „¬îië K͆°Ç Q®ey<Œ=ò. K͆ǰQ®ey<Œ_È°. 14. =¶ brother x#ß interview ƒìQê 18. "Í ° =ò last time =°Oz „¦ ¬ e `Œ•° 16. Indian bowlers Pakistan batsmen 14. 11. <Í#° ~ï O_È° <³••…Õ<Í Short Hand Writing K͆ǰQ®ey<Œ_È°. 6. <Í~¡°óHù#Q®eQê#°. =¶ brother KŒ…ì z#ß =†Ç°‹¬°•…Õ<Í Bank officer J=Q®ey<Œ_È°. "Í°=ò last time 6 <³•••Õ loan clear K͆ǰQ®ey<Œ=ò. 15. 13. Nagarjuna could act well in the role of Annamayya. 10. "Œ~¡° J„¬C_È° business …Õ Ì„^Îí amount invest K͆ǰQ®ey<Œ~¡°. 12. We could achieve better results last time. 50. Last time <Í # ° J`Ç x amount 10 ~ËA•…Õ repay K͆ǰQ®ey<Œ#°. <Í#° J`ÇxH÷ x#ß q=~¡OQê explain KÍ‹² K³„¬æQ®ey<Œ#°. 2. "Í ° =ò x#ß J`Ç x x D q+¬ † Ç ° O…Õ X„²æOKÇQ®ey<Œ=ò. 1. 20. <Í # ° x#ß <Œ•°Q® ° lessons <Í~¡°óHù#Q®ey<Œ#°. 9. P"³ ° typhoid attack #°Oz „¬ î ië Q ê 17.000 save 13. 244 . : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. My brother could save Rs. "Œ~¡° ï~O_È° <³••…Õ<Í business ƒìQê pickup K͆ǰQ®e<Œ~¡°. Q®`Ç „¬sH›Æ•ä›½ <Í#° XH› <³•…Õ<Í Jxß subjects prepare J=Q®ey<Œ#°. 15. <Í # ° x#ß g°\÷ O Q· … Õ ^•³ á ~ ¡ ¼ OQê =¶\ìÁQ®ey<Œ#°. J`Çx parents ‡ã é`Œ•‚¬ìO`Ë `Ç# •H›¼Æ O ª•k•OKÇQe® y<Œ_È°. 8.

Plural U^³á##¶ "Could+ not" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. They could not provide us accommodation there last time. Q®`Ç <³•. 9. =¶ father business …Õ success Hê…èH›‡é~ò<Œ~¡°. Indian team 2003 World Cup final match …Õ P¢ À ‹ “ e †Ç ¶ #° F_•OKÇ … è H › ‡é~ò#k. Q®`Ç ZxßH•› …Õ `³•°Q®°^͉O× ‡•s“ „ ã [¬ •#° PH›iÂOKÇ…èH›‡é~ò#k. We could not complete the work in time yesterday. "Í°=ò x#ß P work time H÷ „¬îië K͆ǰ…èH› 6. EXAMPLES 1. My father could not succeed in the business. 4. 8. last year EAMCET …Õ =¶ brother rank 7. My brother could not get rank in the EAMCET last year. I could not answer all the questions in the examination yesterday. Q®`Ç "Œ~¡O. <Í # ° last year studies Ì „ á ‹¬ i Qê concentrate K͆ǰ…èH›‡é~ò<Œ#°. I could not concentrate on my studies last year. ‡é~ò<Œ=ò. "Œ~¡ ° last time =¶ä› ½ JH› ø _È =‹¬ u H›eæOKÇ…èH›‡é~ò<Œ~¡°. ‡ÚO^Î…èH›‡é~ò<Œ_È°. Our lecturers could not complete the syllabus before the exams last year. 3. 2. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. . "Í°=ò Q®`Ç"Œ~¡O match ïQ•=…èH›‡é~ò <Œ=ò. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ XH› „¬xx K͆°Ç Q®ey# ª•=°~¡¼Ö =ò …èH‡› é=ô@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› Q®`OÇ …Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³á##° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° „¬îië K͆ǰ…èH›‡é~ò# (ª•=°~¡œ¼=ò …èH›‡é=ô@) lack of ability XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Could + not + I form of the verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. The Telugu Desam Party could not attract the people in the last elections. J J J J <Í#° x#ß h䛽 help K͆ǰ…èH›‡é~ò<Œ#°. Last year =¶ lecturers „¬sH›• Æ ä›½ =òO^ΰ syllabus „¬îiëK͆ǰ…èH›‡é~ò<Œ~¡°. „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ XH› „¬xx K͆°Ç Q®ey# ª•=°~¡¼Ö =ò …èH› ‡é=ô@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. <Í # ° x#ß exam …Õ Jxß questions answer K͆ǰ…èH›‡é~ò<Œ#°.. =¶ brother last year exams pass Hê…èH›‡é~ò<Œ_È°. D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ x#ß. "Œ~¡° x#ß time H÷ WH›ø_È䛽 KÍ~¡°HË…èH› ‡é~ò<Œ~¡°. 245 5. The Indian team could not defeat the Australian team in the final match of 2003 World Cup.

Jq°`Œƒ˜ |KÇó<£ ~Œ[H©†Ç¶•…Õ succeed 14. A sound mind is a sound body. 11. =¶ grandmother P "Œ¼k• #°Oz recover Hê…èH›‡é†Ç¶~¡°. P …ÿ @ ~Ÿ … Õx contents <Í # ° J~¡ Ö O KÍ‹¬°HË…èH›‡é~ò<Œ#°. <Í # ° x#ß P q+¬ † Ç ° O J`Ç x `Ë "ŒkOKÇ…èH›‡é†Ç¶#°. P"³ ° last year Jxß ‹¬ | û ä › ½ “ • ° ‡•‹¹Hê…èH‡› é~ò#k. 12. 13. ‹¬z<£ >ÿO_ȶ•ø~Ÿ captain Qê team #° ‹¬iQê lead K͆ǰ…èH›‡é~ò<Œ_È°. 20. 18. My friends could not help me in that matter last time. =¶ friends <Œä›½ P q+¬†Ç°O…Õ help 13. Sachin Tendulkar could not lead the team well as the captain.†Ç°O. 19. 10. 9. Amitab Batchan could not succeed in politics. =¶ brother last time \© K Ç ~ Ÿ ‡é‹¬ ° “ ‡ÚO^Î…èH›‡é~ò<Œ_È°.. <Í#° x#ß P news #=°à…èH›‡é~ò<Œ#°. "Í ° =ò x#ß ‹¬ i †³ Ø ° # x~¡ â † Ç ° O f‹¬°HË…èH›‡é~ò<Œ=ò. "Í ° =ò last time D i[…˜ “ guess K͆ǰ…èH›‡é~ò<Œ=ò. 16. "Í ° =ò x#ß q°=òà•#° H› • °=…è H › ‡é~ò<Œ=ò. 11. KÍ~¡°HË…èH›‡é~ò<Œ=ò. He could not prove his innocence. We could not reach the examination hall in time yesterday. 8. I could not understand the contents of that letter. <Í # ° x#ß exam ‹¬ i Qê ã " Œ†Ç ° …è H › ‡é~ò<Œ#°. "Œ~¡° last year time H÷ loan clear K͆°Ç …èH› ‡é†Ç¶~¡°. "Í°=ò x#ß work continue K͆ǰ…èH›‡é†Ç¶=ò. 1. The then Central Government couldnot solve the Kashmir problem. Last time <Í#° exam H÷ ‹¬iQê prepare Hê…èH›‡é~ò<Œ#°. <Í#° x#ß J`ÇxH÷ P q+¬†Ç°O ‹¬iQê explain K͆ǰ…èH›‡é†Ç¶#°. 15. 14. 6. "Œ~¡° last year =°Oz result ª•k•OKÇ…Hè › ‡é†Ç¶~¡°. "Í ° =ò x#ß exam hall H÷ time H÷ 12. "Œ~¡° x#ß function H÷ U~Œæ@°Á ‹¬iQê K͆ǰ…èH›‡é~ò<Œ~¡°. `Çq°ˆ×<Œ_È°…Õ _•. 2. : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 17. "Œ~¡° P J=Hꉧxß L„¬†³¶yOKÇ°HË…èH› ‡é~ò<Œ~¡°. J„¬æ\Hö÷ Oã^Î „ ã ƒ ¬ •’°`ÇÞO Hêjà~¡° ‹¬=°‹¬¼#° „¬i+¬øiOKÇ…èH›‡é~ò#k. "Í ° =ò x#ß P train JO^Î ° HË…è H › ‡é~ò<Œ=ò.ïH. ‡•s“ =°~¡• „ ã ƒ ¬ •’°`ŒÞxß U~Œæ@° K͆°Ç …èH‡› é~ò#k. K͆ǰ…èH›‡é~ò<Œ~¡°. They could not utilize that opportunity. 7. Z 246 . 4. We could not guess this result last time. J`Ç_È° `Ç# x~Ëí+²`ŒÞxß x~¡¶„²OKÇ°HË…èH› ‡é~ò<Œ_È°. The DMK could not form the government again in Tamil Nadu. 15. `Çy# ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò…èH› "Í°=ò "ŒiH÷ D q+¬†Ç°O inform K͆ǰ…èH› ‡é†Ç¶=ò. 5. 3. Hê…èH›‡é†Ç¶~¡°. =~¡Â=ò =•#. 10. I could not believe that news yesterday.

h=ô last time =°Oz =¶~¡°ø•° K͆ǰQ®ey<Œ"Œ ? score Could you score good marks last time? 9. Q®`Ç "Œ~¡O. 4. g°~¡° D „¦¬e`Ç=ò =òO^ΰQê<Í K͆ǰQ®ey<Œ~Œ ? guess Could you guess this result earlier? . x#ß g°\÷OQ· …Õ h=ô ƒìQê =¶\ìÁ_È Q®ey<Œ"Œ ? Could you speak well in the meeting yesterday? 2. D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ x#ß. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular.. Q®`Ç <³•. P"³° x#ß ‡é\©…Õ ƒìQê ‡•_ÈQe® y#^¥ ? Could she sing well in the competition yesterday ? 7. J`Ç_°È `Ç# •H›¼Æ O ª•k•OKÇQe® y<Œ_¨ ? Could he achieve his goal? 247 6. Plural U^³á##¶ "Could + I form" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° Q®`OÇ …Õ XH›~°¡ K͆°Ç Q®ey# XH› „¬xx („¬xx K͆°Ç Q®ey# ª•=°~¡¼Ö =ò) ability ㄬtßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. g°~¡° =¶ address easy Qê `³•°‹¬°HË Q®ey<Œ~Œ ? Could you find our address easily? 10. Could you finish that work in time yesterday? h=ô x#ß Interview board members #° h answers `Ë satisfy K͆ǰQ®ey<Œ"Œ ? Could you satisfy the members of the Interview Board with your answers? g° cousin last time h䛽 amount adjust K͆ǰQ®ey<Œ_¨ ? Could your cousin adjust you the amount last time? 5. EXAMPLES 1. h=ô x#ß quiz ‡é\©…Õ prize ïQ•°= Q®ey<Œ"Œ ? x#ß Indian players easy Qê match ïQ•°=Q®ey<Œ~Œ ? h=ô JO`Ç ‹¬°•ƒ•’OQê D job Z…ì ‡ÚO^Î Q®ey<Œ=ô ? "Œ~¡° last week Zxß files clear K͆ǰ Q®ey<Œ~¡° ? J J J J „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ XH› „¬xx K͆°Ç Q®ey# ª•=°~¡¼Ö =ò Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› Q®`OÇ …Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^³#á #° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ XH› „¬xx K͆°Ç Q®ey# ª•=°~¡¼Ö =ò#° (ability) ㄬtßOKÇ°@䛽 "Could + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. "Œ~¡° x#ß ‹¬=°†Ç¶xH÷ „¬sH›Æ ‚¬ð•°ä›½ KÍ~¡°HËQ®ey<Œ~Œ ? Could they reach the examination hall in time yesterday? 8. g°~¡ ° x#ß P „¬ x x ‹¬ H ê•O…Õ „¬ î ië K͆ǰQ®ey<Œ~Œ ? 3.

g°~¡° x#ß P ‹¬=°‹¬¼#° JO`Ç ‹¬°•ƒ•’OQê Z…ì „¬i+¬øiOKÇQ®ey<Œ~¡° ? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 19. Z 248 . g°~¡° P programme H÷ Jxß U~Œæ@°Á K͆ǰQ®ey<Œ~Œ? 3. Last time BJP POã^•Î„ã ^ ¬ ‰Í …˜ ÕZxß seats ïQ•=Q®ey#k? 15. Howmany wickets could Agarkar take in the last series? J`Ç _ È ° last time =°#ä› ½ Uq° help 18. 20. Howmany questions could you answer in the examination yesterday? Last World Cup finals …Õ Indian batsmen Zxß „¬~°¡ Q®°•° K͆°Ç Q®ey<Œ~¡°? Howmany runs could Indian batsmen make in the finals of the last World Cup? "Œ~¡ ° x#ß ƒì¼Oä› ½ …Õ ZO`Ç amount deposit K͆ǰQ®ey<Œ~¡°? Howmuch amount could they deposit in the bank yesterday? Last series …Õ Agarkar Zxß wickets 17. : 94406 16425 'Wh' QUESTIONS EXERCISE 11. How could you solve that problem easily yesterday? 12. _¨H›~“ Ÿ x#ß P"³° "Œ¼k•x Q®°iëOKÇQe® y<Œ~Œ? 13. "Œ~¡ ° last time JO`Ç # +¬ “ O ƒ•’iOKÇQe® y<Œ~Œ? 6. f†Ç°Q®ey<Œ_È° ? K͆ǰQ®ey<Œ_È° ? Z…ì J=Q®ey<Œ=ô? How could you become a Bank Officer at a young age ? P ㄬ=¶^ÎO #°Oz last time x#°ß Z=~¡° save K͆ǰQ®ey<Œ~¡°? Who could save you from that danger last time ? g° unit …Õ ZO`Ç =°Ok agents last month target KÍ~¡°HËQ®ey<Œ~¡° ? Howmany agents could reach the target in your unit last month ? 1.. h=ô x#ß P train catch K͆ǰQ®ey<Œ"Œ? 2. Howmuch amount could you earn in the last six years ? x#ß „¬sH›Æ…Õ h=ô Zxß questions answer K͆ǰQ®ey<Œ=ô ? 16. JO`ÇÌ„^Îí ‹²\©…Õ h=ô J`Çx address Z…ì H›#°Qù#Q®ey<Œ=ô? 14. h=ô last year P Hê…èl…Õ admission easy Qê ‡ÚO^ÎQ®ey<Œ"Œ? 9. g° friends last time =¶@Ì„á x•|_ÈQ®ey <Œ~Œ? 7. 15. P"³° q°=òà•#° identify K͆°Ç Q®ey#^¥? 5. g°~¡ ° last week Zxß files clear K͆ǰQ®ey<Œ~¡°? A small leak sinks a great ship. last year J`Ç_È° Jxß subjects pass J=Q®ey<Œ_¨? 11. last year g° …ÿH~ó› ~¡ •Ÿ [#=i…Õ<Í syllabus complete K͆ǰQ®ey<Œ~Œ? 10. Q®`Ç P~¡° ‹¬OII•…Õ h=ô ZO`Ç ‹¬O‡•kOKÇ Q®ey<Œ=ô ? 13. "Œ~¡° =òO^ΰQê<Í D news `³•°‹¬°HË Q®ey<Œ~Œ? 8. What help could he do for us last time? JO`Çz#ß =†Ç°‹¬°•…Õ h=ô Bank Officer 14. J`Ç _ È ° last time g°ä› ½ ƒìQê teach K͆ǰQ®ey<Œ_¨? 4. g° lecturer x#ß h doubts Jxß clarify K͆ǰQ®ey<Œ~Œ ? 12.

Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡=ò …èH› Q®`ÇO…Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³á##° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° K͆ǰ…èH›‡é~ò# (XH› „¬xx K͆ǰ Q®• ª•=°~¡¼Ö =ò …èH‡› é=ô@) XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz „ã t¬ ßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Couldn't + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Couldn't you get the tickets for that show yesterday? J`Ç _ È ° last year exam pass ‡é~ò<Œ~Œ? Hê…èH›‡é~ò<Œ_¨? 4. Q®`"Ç Œ~¡O. Couldn't you catch the train yesterday? g°~¡° x#ß P show H÷ tickets ‡ÚO^Î…èH› 3. g°~¡° x#ß JH›ø_È ‡é~ò<Œ~Œ? work „¬îië K͆ǰ…èH› Couldn't you finish the work there yesterday? 8. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~¡°•`Ë =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß„¬C_È° Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~¡° K͆ǰ…èH›‡é~ò# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. "Œ~¡ ° last ‡é~ò<Œ~Œ? month bill K³ e Á O KÇ … è H › Couldn't they pay the bill last time? 10. h=ô x#ß train JO^ΰHË…èH›‡é~ò<Œ"Œ? 2. Couldn't he pass the examination last year? P"³° last year EAMCET …Õ rank ‡ÚO^Î…Hè › 5. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. h=ô x#ß J`Çxx X„²æOKÇ…èH›‡é~ò<Œ"Œ? Couldn't you convince him yesterday? 7. Couldn't she secure a rank in the EAMCET last year? "Œ~¡ ° P business …Õ success ‡é~ò#^¥? Hê…èH›‡é~ò<Œ~Œ? Couldn't they succeed in that business? 249 6.. EXAMPLES 1. h=ô x#ß class H÷ attend Hê…èH›‡é~ò<Œ"Œ? g°~¡° x#ß U~Œæ@°Á ‹¬iQê K͆ǰ…èH›‡é†Ç¶~Œ ? P"³° x#ß meeting …Õ ƒìQê =¶\ìÁ_È…èH› ‡é~ò#^¥? J`Ç_È° last time exam H÷ ƒìQê prepare Hê…èH›‡é~ò<Œ_¨? J J J J Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`ÇO…Õ XH›~¡° K͆ǰ…èH›‡é~ò# „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ x#ß. Q®`<Ç •³ . g°~¡ ° x#ß "ŒiH÷ =‹¬ u H› e æOKÇ … è H › ‡é~ò<Œ~Œ ? Couldn't you provide accommodation yesterday? them . h=ô x#ß JH›ø_È䛽 ‹¬=°†Ç¶xH÷ KÍ~¡°HË…èH› ‡é~ò<Œ"Œ? Couldn't you reach there in time yesterday? 9. Plural U^³á##¶ "Couldn't " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.

: 94406 16425 'Wh' QUESTIONS EXERCISE 11. g°~¡° x#ß P programme …Õ ZO^ΰ䛽 participate K͆ǰ…èH›‡é†Ç¶~¡°? Hê…èH›‡é~ò<Œ_È°? ‡é~ò<Œ~¡°? ‡é~ò<Œ=ô? K͆ǰ…èH›‡é~ò<Œ_È°? Hê…èH›‡é~òOk? Why couldn't she attend the party yesterday? 17. P"³° x#ß WH›ø_È䛽 ~Œ…èH›‡é~òO^¥? 5. Why couldn't they win that match yesterday? P†Ç°# last time ZO^ΰ䛽 minister Hê…èH› 20. g°~¡° P q+¬†Ç°O…Õ ‹¬i†³Ø°# x~¡â†Ç°O ZO^ΰ䛽 f‹¬°HË…èH›‡é†Ç¶~¡°? 12. P"³° P "Œ¼k• #°Oz ZO^ΰ䛽 HË•°HË…èH› ‡é~ò#k ? 18. 12. Last time ZxßH›•…Õ P†Ç°# majority ‡ÚO^Î…èH›‡é~ò<Œ~Œ? 4. Why couldn't you write that exam well? h=ô P interview ƒìQê ZO^ΰ䛽 K͆ǰ…èH› 15. h=ô x#ß J`Ç x x ZO^Î ° ä› ½ H› • °=…è H › ‡é†Ç¶=ô? 13.. "Œ~¡° last time g°ä›½ material supply K͆ǰ…èH›‡é~ò<Œ~Œ? 6. Why couldn't he help you in that matter? P"³ ° x#ß party H÷ ZO^Î ° ä› ½ attend 1. 250 . Why couldn't she recover from that decease? "Œ~¡ ° x#ß match ZO^Î ° ä› ½ ï Q •°=…è H › 19. h=ô x#ß test …Õ Jxß questions answer K͆ǰ…èH›‡é~ò<Œ"Œ? 2. h=ô last year P college …Õ ZO^ΰ䛽 seat ‡ÚO^Î…èH›‡é~ò<Œ=ô? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. g°~¡° J`ÇxÌ„á ZO^ΰ䛽 KÇ~¡¼ f‹¬°HË…èH› ‡é†Ç¶~¡°? 14. g°~¡ ° P ‹¬ = °‹¬ ¼ #° „¬ i +¬ ø iOKÇ … è H › ‡é~ò<Œ~Œ? 8. Why couldn't he become a minister last time? "Œ~¡° P loan ZO^ΰ䛽 clear K͆ǰ…èH› ‡é~ò<Œ~¡°? ‡é~ò<Œ~¡°? ‡é~ò<Œ~¡°? Why couldn't they clear that loan? Z Vows made in a storm are forgotten in a calm. P"³° P J==¶#O ƒ•’iOKÇ…Hè ‡› é~ò#^¥? 11. Why couldn't you get a seat in that college last year? Sachin Captain Qê ZO^ΰ䛽 success 13. "Œ~¡° P course time H÷ ZO^ΰ䛽 „¬îië K͆ǰ…èH›‡é†Ç¶~¡°? 15. h=ô x#ß J`ÇxH÷ amount adjust K͆ǰ…èH› ‡é~ò<Œ"Œ? 7. x#ß friendly match …Õ g°~¡ ° "Œix F_•OKÇ…Hè ‡› é~ò<Œ~Œ? 3. J`Ç_È° last year =°Oz =¶~¡°ø•° score K͆ǰ…èH›‡é~ò<Œ_¨? 10. Why couldn't Sachin succeed as a Captain? g°~¡° P exam ƒìQê ZO^ΰ䛽 ã"Œ†Ç°…èH› 14. Why couldn't you do that interview well? J`Ç_È° h䛽 P q+¬†Ç°O…Õ ZO^ΰ䛽 help 16. h=ô x#ß J`Ç x =¶@•° #=°à…è H › ‡é~ò<Œ"Œ? 9.

1. Ex : 2. We could not write exam well last time. Could you find his address easily yesterday? 2. He could win the election with good majority last time. 3. Could you do the interview well yesterday? 3. 1. 4. Ex : 4. QUESTION FORM : Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~°¡ ª•=°~¡¼Ö =ò`Ë K͆°Ç Q®•y# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Could + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Positive Form 2. Ex : 3. Negative Question Form J#° 4 parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. 2. nx…Õ =°#=ò 1. 4. NEGATIVE FORM : Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ ª•=°~¡¼Ö =ò …èH› XH›~°¡ K͆°Ç …èH‡› é~ò# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Could not + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ 'Could' Q®°iOz <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. Negative Form 3. Could they clear the loan in time? NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM : Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~°¡ ª•=°~¡¼Ö =ò …èH› XH› „¬xx K͆°Ç …èH‡› é=ô@#° Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Couldn't + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 3. Ex : 251 1. 3. I could not attend the meeting yesterday. They could not satisfy the customers. 'Could' J#° ^¥xx grammar …Õ Anomalous Verb JO\ì~¡ ° . Couldn't you pay the bill last month? Couldn't you stay there alone last night? Couldn't he help you last time? Couldn't they reach the station in time? . I could speak well in the meeting yesterday. POSITIVE FORM : Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ XH› „¬xx K͆°Ç Q®• ª•=°~¡¼Ö =ò#° (capacity) H› e y†Ç ò O_È ° @#° Q® ° iOz ‹¬ ¶ zOKÇ ° @ä› ½ "Could + I form of the verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Question Form 4. 2. 1. We could complete the course successfully. 4. 2. Could he pass the Group-2 exam in the first attempt? 4. They could achieve the target last time. D 4 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò. 1. He could not help us last time..

Negative Form. Resume resumed resumed 504. Rush rushed rushed 515. Revise revised revised 509. Resign resigned resigned 502. Resolve resolved resolved 503. Roam roamed roamed 510. Negative Question Form ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 4 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs. I Form II Form III Form 501. Revenge revenged revenged 508. Rob robbed robbed 512. Roll rolled rolled 513. Scream screamed screamed D ~ËA Meaning ~Œr<Œ=¶K͆Çò f~ŒàxOKÇ° uiy ‡ã •~¡Oa•OKÇ° q~¡=°}K͆Çò@ uiy=KÇ°ó@ `³e†Ç°„¬~¡KÇ°@ „¬Q®f~¡°óH›ù#°@ `Ç„¬C•°k^ΰ“ T~¡H›u~¡°Q®°@ Q®iûOKÇ°@ ^ËKÇ°H›ù#°@ Q®°Oã_È=òQê u~¡°Q®°@ ~¡°^ΰí@ "ÍQ®=òQê‡é=ô@ #=°‹¬øiOKÇ°@ `Ç$„²ë„¬~¡KÇ°@ Hꇕ_È°@ "³^Î[•°Á@ u@°“@ öHH›"͆Çò@ …Õx Positive Form. "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O. Question Form. Scold scolded scolded 520. Retire retired retired 505. Spoken English lesson Z 252 . Reveal revealed revealed 507. Satisfy satisfied satisfied 517. Rub rubbed rubbed 514. Salute saluted saluted 516. Save saved saved 518. Return returned returned 506. Scatter scattered scattered 519.. Roar roared roared 511.

to our village. =¶ father D ~ËA †Çò#ßk. He. 10. we.C. P"³° doctor #° consult Hê=•‹²†òÇ #ßk. 4. EXAMPLES 1. "Í°=ò D "Œ~¡=ò tax pay K͆ǰ=•‹² †Çò#ßk. D ~ËA. "Í°=ò =¶ =îiH÷ 4 H÷. "Í°=ò D "Œ~¡O house tax K³eÁOKÇ=•‹² †Çò#ßk. railway station 䛽 I have to go to railway station immediately now. 9. D q^•Î=òQê „ã ‹¬ °¬ `ë =Ç ò =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ W„¬C_È°. <Í#° W„¬C_È° "³O@<Í "³ˆ×¤=•‹² †Çò#ßk. J`Ç_È° D ~ËA duty …Õ join J==•‹² †Çò#ßk. it subject Qê =ô#ß„¬ô_È° 'has to' =KÇ°ó#°. 2. We have to walk 4 Kms.g° #_È==•‹² †Çò#ßk. =¶ brother D Sunday Hyderabad …Õ interview H÷ attend J==•‹²†Çò#ßk? My brother has to attend an interview in Hyderabad this Sunday. : 94406 16425 HAVE TO XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë = Ç ò =°#=ò K͆°Ç =•‹²# J=‹¬~¡=ò#ß XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. <Í#° D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O hard work K͆°Ç =•‹² †Çò#ßk. office 䛽 "³ˆ×¤=•‹² =ô#ßk. . 5. finish You have to finish this work today. D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ K͆°Ç =•‹²# J=‹¬~=¡ ò#ß XH› „¬xx ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Have to / Has to + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. P"³° D ~ËA ª•†Ç°Oã`ÇO consult Hê=•‹²†Çò#ßk. they subject Qê =ô#ß„¬ô_È° 'have to'. We have to pay house tax this week. I have to work hard this year. <Í#° D ~ËA L. J J J J Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç=ò XH›~¡° K͆ǰ =•‹²# J=‹¬~¡=ò#ß XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. 3.. g°~¡ ° D work D~ËA K͆ǰ=•‹²†Çò#ßk. 253 6. You have to submit the application form to the principal today. 8. doctor #° She has to consult the doctor this evening. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx I. camp 䛽 "³ˆ×¤=•‹² My father has to go on camp today.I. D <³•. 7. She. "Œ~¡° D<³• D W•°Á Mìm K͆ǰ=•‹² †Çò#ßk. D"Œ~¡O. They have to vacate this house this month. you. g°~¡° application D~ËA „ ã x ² •‡•…˜ä½› submit K͆ǰ=•‹²†Çò#ßk.

18. 15. <Í#° ㄬu ~ËA manager 䛽 account KǶ„¬=•‹²=ô#ßk. 14. "Œ~¡° „ ã u ¬ ª•†Ç°Oã`OÇ study classes H÷ attend J==•‹²=ô#ßk. 14. 13. "Œ~¡° D <³•…Õ entrance test 䛽 appear J==•‹²†Çò#ßk. <Í#° ㄬu ~ËA =¶ „²•Á•#° school ^ÎQ®¾~¡ drop K͆ǰ=•‹²=ô#ßk. P"³° ㄬu~ËA 5am H÷ xã^Î …è==•‹² =ôO@°Ok. 7. <Í#° „ ã u ¬ ~ËA college …Õ 10 hours teach K͆ǰ=•‹²=ôO@°Ok. <Í#° text books refer K͆°Ç =•‹²†ò Ç #ßk. g°~¡° Z„¬æ\÷H›„¬C_È° =¶ä›½ matter inform K͆ǰ=•‹²†Çò#ßk. 2500 K³eÁOKÇ=•‹²=ô#ßk. g°~¡ ° =òO^Î ° Qê J`Ç x x H› • ==•‹² †Çò#ßk. P"³° D medicine ~ËAH÷ ï~O_È°ª•~¡°Á f‹¬°Hù#=•‹²=ô#ßk. 5. 10. 2.. "Œ~¡ ° ã „ ¬ u <³ • bank ä› ½ ~¡ ¶ . Man proposes and God disposes. They have to practise this game well. They have to appear for the entrance test this month. 13. You have to meet him first. "Œ~¡° D game ƒìQê practice K͆°Ç =•‹² †Çò#ßk. 20. 8. 16. English improve KÍ‹¬°Hù#°@䛽 g°~¡° English magazines KÇ^°Î ==•‹²†ò Ç #ßk. 9. Z 254 . "Í°=ò "Œ~¡O ~ËA•HùH›ª•i report submit K͆ǰ=•‹²=ô#ßk. : 94406 16425 3. J`Ç_È° "Œ¼‡•~¡ „¬#°• g°^Πㄬu~ËA ㄬ†Ç¶}O K͆ǰ=•‹² =ôO@°Ok. P"³ ° ã „ ¬ ‹ ¬ ° ë ` Ç O †Çò#ßk. <Í#° D "Œ~¡O =¶ brother H÷ money „¬O„¬=•‹²=ô#ßk. 6. 12. J`Ç _ È ° `Ç # old parents ä› ½ serve K͆ǰ=•‹²=ô#ßk. 12. you have to inform us the matter from time to time . School Children uniform ^•ÎiOKÇ =•‹²=ô#ßk. rest f‹¬ ° Hù#=•‹² # She has to take rest at present. maintain We have to maintain the accounts every day. J`Ç_°È sincere Qê work K͆°Ç =•‹²=ô#ßk. 4. 11. "Í ° =ò D <³ • …Õ Bank loan clear K͆ǰ=•‹²=ô#ßk. 15. h=ô text books Jxß Hù#=•‹²=ô#ßk. You have to read English magazines to improve English. D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 11. We have to work ten hours in our office daily. 17. P"³° ㄬu~ËE afternoon „²•Á•ä›½ box f‹¬°ä›½"³ˆ×¤=•‹² †Çò#ßk. I have to refer to the text books. "Í°=ò ~ËE P„¦Ô‹¬°…Õ 10 Q®OII•° „¬x K͆ǰ=•‹²†Çò#ßk. 19. 1. "Í ° =ò ã „ ¬ u ~ËA accounts K͆ǰ=•‹²†Çò#ßk. EXERCISE lunch She has to take lunch box for children every afternoon.

* Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx I. P"³° J‹¬•° college H÷ "³ˆ×¤#=‹¬~¡O …è^ΰ. We. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò# =°#=ò K͆°Ç =•‹²# J=‹¬~¡=ò …èx „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. 2. "Œ~¡° J‹¬•° W`Ç~°¡ •Ì„á depend J==•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O …è^ΰ. P"³° J‹¬•° hostel …Õ stay K͆ǰ=•‹²# 9. J=‹¬~¡O …è^ΰ. J=‹¬~¡O …è^ΰ. D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ K͆°Ç =•‹²# J=‹¬~O¡ …èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Don't have to / Doesn't have to + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. She does't have to come out of the house at all. EXAMPLES 1. D <³•. I don't have to help my brothers at all. We don't have to attend the duty on Sunday at all. "Í ° =ò J‹¬ • ° accounts maintain 4. P"³° J‹¬•° WO\ÕÁ#°O_• |†Ç°@䛽 ~Œ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O …è^ΰ. 255 K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O =ôO_È^ΰ.. HË~¡=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O LO_È^ΰ. "Í°=ò J‹¬•° taxes pay K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O LO_È^ΰ. They don't have to depend on other's at all. K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O …è^ΰ. 7. …è^ΰ. They Subject Qê =ô#ß„¬ô_È° 'Don't have to' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. "Œ~¡ ° J‹¬ • ° tax pay KÍ † Ç ° =•‹² # 10. We don't have to maintain accounts at all. It. My brother doesn't have to seek other's help. D q^•Î=òQê ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò# D ~ËA. They don't have to pay tax at all. =¶ brother J‹¬•° W`Ç~¡°• ‹¬‚¬ð†Ç°O 8. D "Œ~¡O. I don't have to work in my house at all. He. . <Í#° J‹¬•° =¶ brothers 䛽 help 3. J`Ç_È° J‹¬•° job K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O 5. J==•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O LO_È^ΰ. She doesn't have to stay in the hostel at all. You. <Í#° J‹¬•° room H÷ rent pay K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O …è^ΰ. She. He doesn't have to do job at all. J`Ç_°È J‹¬•° job K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O …è^ΰ. J J J J Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° =°#=ò K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡=ò …èx „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. Subject Qê =ô#ß„¬ô_È° 'Doesn't have to' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. "Í ° =°‹¬ • ° Sunday duty H÷ attend 6. <Í#° J‹¬•° =¶WO\ÕÁ „¬xK͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O LO_È^ΰ.

"Í°=ò J‹¬•° "Œi q+¬†Ç°O…Õ *ÕH›¼O KÍ‹¬°Hù#=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O …è^ΰ. "Œ~¡° J‹¬•° Z=ih J=‹¬~¡O …è^ΰ. 5. "Œ~¡° J‹¬•° WH›ø_È stay K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O =ôO_È^ΰ. "Í ° =ò J‹¬ • ° essays H› O ~” ¡ ‹ ¬ ë O K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O =ôO_È^ΰ. 14. 11. 15. care K͆ǰ=•‹²# They don't have to care anybody at all. P"³° J‹¬•° Z=ih ‹¬OㄬkOKÇ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O …è^ΰ. 14. "Í°=ò J‹¬•° Z=iH© ƒ•’†°Ç „¬_= È •‹²# J=‹¬~¡O …è^ΰ. 16. "Í°=ò class room …Õ notes " ã Œ†Ç°=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O =ôO_È^ΰ. He doesn't have to earn money at all. <Í#° J‹¬•° <Œ studies Q®°iOz Hê=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O …è^ΰ. 1. 10. <Í#° J‹¬•° Z=iH© q=~¡} W=Þ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O …è^ΰ. I don't have to spend money there at all. 4. 13. <Í#° J‹¬•° JH›ø_È money Y~¡°ó Ì„@“ =•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O …è^ΰ. h=ô J‹¬•° D job …Õ risk f‹¬°HË=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O =ôO_È^ΰ. 17. "Í ° =ò J‹¬ • ° Bank •…Õ loan f‹¬°Hù#=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O =ôO_È^ΰ. <Í#° J‹¬•° Sunday office H÷ "³ˆ×Á=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O =ôO_È^ΰ. 18. We don't have to follow guides at all. <Í#° J‹¬•° Z=i ‹¬‚¬ð†Ç°O HË~¡=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O …è^ΰ. 11. J`Ç_°È J‹¬•° bus …èH› train •…Õ „ ã † ¬ ¶ Ç }O K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O …è^ΰ. : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 20. He doesn't have to travel by bus or train. "Í°=ò J‹¬•° guides follow J==•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O …è^ΰ. 15. 12. "Í°=ò J‹¬•° money J„¬C K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O …è^ΰ. P"³ ° ã „ ¬ u <³ • doctor #° consult J==•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O =ôO_È^ΰ. We don't have to borrow money at all. J`Ç _ È ° J‹¬ • ° Cell Phone use K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O =ôO_È^ΰ. 2. I don't have to take coaching for Maths at all. J`Ç_°È J‹¬•° =¶ä›½ money „¬O„¬=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O …è^ΰ. 3. Z 256 . She doesn't have to consult the doctor at all. After a storm comes calm. 6.. 7. XH› senior lecturer book refer K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O =ôO_È^ΰ. "Œ~¡° ㄬu q+¬†Ç°O Manager `Ë discuss K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O =ôO_È^ΰ. <Í # ° J‹¬ • ° maths H÷ coaching f‹¬°HË=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O …è^ΰ. 13. P"³° J‹¬•° doctor #° consult J==•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O…è^ΰ. 19. 12. worry I don't have to worry about my studies at all. We don't have to interefere in their matter. J`Ç_È° J‹¬•° money ‹¬O‡•kOKÇ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O …è^ΰ. 8. 9.

D q^•Î=òQê „ã ‹¬ °¬ `ë =Ç ò =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò# J#Qê W„¬C_È°. orders? h=ô „ ã u ¬ ª•i g° grandfather H÷ `Ë_È°Qê hospital 䛽 "³ˆ×¤=•‹² L#ß^¥ ? Do you have to accompany your grandfather to hospital everytime ? P"³° „ ã u ¬ <³• doctor #° consult J==•‹² 9.. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx I. h=ô D medicine ㄬu~ËA f‹¬°Hù#=•‹² L#ß^¥ ? Do you have to take this 6. orders 䛽 H›@°“|_• LO_È=•‹² L#ß^¥ ? 8. She. J J J J h=ô ㄬu ~ËA computer class H÷ attend J==•‹² L#ß^¥ ? g°~¡° ㄬu <³• report submit K͆ǰ=•‹² L#ß^¥ ? P"³° „ã u¬ <³• doctor #° consult J==•‹² L#ß^¥ ? J`Ç_È° ㄬu "Œ~¡O camp "³ˆ×¤=•‹² L#ß^¥ ? Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•…Õx „¬#°•° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO XH›~¡° K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡=ò LO_È°@#° Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. „ã u¬ ~ËA. Do they have to abide by the govt. medicine daily? 3. h=ô „ ã u ¬ ~ËA office …Õ „¬k Q®O@•° work K͆ǰ=•‹² LO@°O^¥ ? Do you have to work ten hours in the office daily ? 2. you. It .Subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° "Does + have to" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë = Ç ò K͆°Ç =•‹²# J=‹¬~= ¡ ò#ß XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. Do you have to deposit money in the bank every month ? "Œ~¡° ㄬu<³• report submit K͆ǰ=•‹² 7. „ã u¬ "Œ~¡O. g° father ㄬu"Œ~¡O camp "³ˆ×¤=•‹² L#ß^¥? Does your brother have to go on camp every week ? 5. „ã ‹¬ °¬ `ë OÇ . "Œ~¡° govt.Subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'Do + have to' He. we. P"³° „ ã u ¬ =°^•¥¼‚¬ìßO „²••Á 䛽 f‹¬°ä›½"³ˆ×¤=•‹² L#ß^¥ ? lunch box Does she have to take lunch box for children every afternoon ? 257 L#ß^¥ ? K͆ǰ=•‹² L#ß^¥ ? LO@°O^¥ ? Do they have to submit the report every month ? . Does she have to consult the doctor every month ? g°~¡° ㄬu <³• bank …Õ money deposit 10. „ã u¬ ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O K͆°Ç =•‹²# J=‹¬~O¡ LO_È° XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz „ã t¬ ßOKÇ°@䛽 "Do/Does + have to + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. EXAMPLES 1. g°~¡° ㄬu q+¬†Ç°O manager `Ë discuss K͆ǰ=•‹² LO@°O^¥? Do you have to discuss every matter with the Manager ? 4. they . „ã u¬ <³•.

g°~¡° ~ËAH÷ Zxß questions <Í~°¡ óHù#=•‹² =ôO@°Ok ? 12. g°~¡° D <³• test 䛽 appear J==•‹² =ô#ß^¥? 8. Office …Õ leave Hù~¡ ä › ½ g°~¡ ° Z=i J#°=°u HË~¡=•‹² =ôO@°Ok ? 15. Why do you have to go to Nellore every Sunday ? g°~¡° D scheme …Õ <³•ä›½ ZO`Ç pay 16. "Œ~¡° D age …Õ J`Çx„ Ì á depend J==•‹² =ô#ß^¥? 11. h=ô ㄬu ~ËA computer class H÷ Z„¬C_È° attend J==•‹²=ôO@°Ok ? 13. Howmuch money do you have to send your brother every month ? g°~¡ ° office …Õ ~ËAH÷ Zxß Q® O @•° „¬O„¬=•‹² LO@°Ok ? „¬xK͆ǰ=•‹² LO@°Ok ? Howmany hours do you have to work in your office in a day ? 14. Inter-students U grammar book refer K͆ǰ=•‹² =ôO@°Ok ? Z They also serve who stand and wait. P"³° ㄬu <³• _¨H›“~Ÿ#° consult J==•‹² L#ß^¥? 5.. g°~¡ ° ã „ ¬ u <³ • 5th …Õ„¬ • rent pay K͆ǰ=•‹² =ô#ß^¥? 3. h=ô ㄬu ~ËA duty H÷ Z„¬C_È° J==•‹² LO@°Ok ? attend 12. Howmany files do you have to clear in a week ? h=ô morning U time H÷ xã^Î …è==•‹² 18. h=ô ㄬu Pk"Œ~¡O <³•¶Á~¡° ZO^ΰ䛽 "³ˆ×¤=•‹² LO@°Ok ? 15. Howmuch money do you have to pay in this scheme per month ? g°~¡° "Œ~ŒxH÷ Zxß files clear K͆ǰ=•‹² 17. h=ô college …Õ ã„¬u ~ËA study classes H÷ attend J==•‹² =ô#ß^¥? 2. h=ô D ~ËA g° uncle …Õ =¶\ìÁ_È=•‹² =ô#ß^¥? 7. XH› LIC agent <³•H÷ Zxß policies book K͆ǰ=•‹²=ôO@°Ok ? 14. : 94406 16425 K͆ǰ=•‹² LO@°Ok ? LO@°Ok? LO@°Ok ? K͆ǰ=•‹² LO@°Ok ? Howmany kilometres do you have to travel on duty in a day ? Schedule ㄬHê~¡=ò =°#=ò XH› <³•ä›½ Zxß lessons teach KÍ † Ç ° =•‹² LO@°Ok? Howmany lessons do we have to teach according to the schedule in a month ? 20. =°#=ò JH› ø _È =òO^Î ° Qê Z=ix H›•==•‹² LO@°Ok ? Whom do we have to consult there earlier ? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. At what time do you have to wake up in the morning ? h=ô duty …Õ ~ËAH÷ Zxß H÷…Õ g°@~¡°Á travel 19. J`Ç_È° ㄬu ~ËA D medicine f‹¬°Hù# =•‹²=ô#ß^¥? 4. P†Ç°# W„¬C_È° "Œix H›•°==•‹² L#ß^¥? 9. 258 . P"³° library membership f‹¬°Hù#=•‹² =ô#ß^¥ ? 10. "Œ~¡° ㄬu ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O annual report prepare K͆ǰ=•‹² L#ß^¥? 6. EXERCISE 'Wh' QUESTIONS 11. 1. When do you have to attend the duty every day ? h=ô ㄬu <³• g° brother H÷ ZO`Ç money 13.

money Don't you have to send money to your brother at all? g°~¡ ° J‹¬ • ° accounts maintain K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O=ôO_È^¥? Don't you have to maintain the accounts at all? 8. h=ô J‹¬ • ° g° brother H÷ „¬O„¬=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O=ôO_È^¥? 7. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë OÇ XH›~°¡ K͆°Ç =•‹²# J=‹¬~O¡ =ôO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. She. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ I. Don't you have to take coaching for Maths at all ? g°~¡ ° J‹¬ • ° night duty H÷ attend J==•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O=ôO_È^¥? 3. It –> Qê L#ß„¬C_È° "Don't have to" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. You. "ŒiH÷ J‹¬•° W`Ç~°¡ • ‹¬‚𬠆ǰO HË~¡=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O=ôO_È^¥ ? Don't they have to seek others help at all? . Subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° "Doesn't have to " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. We. h=ô J‹¬•° guides follow J==•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O =ôO_È^¥? g°~¡° J‹¬•° tuition f‹¬°Hù#=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O =ôO_È^¥ ? J`Ç_°È J‹¬•° college fee pay K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O LO_È^¥? P"³° J‹¬•° P~ËQ®¼O Q®°iOz worry Hê#=‹¬~¡O …è^¥? J J J J Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç=ò …èH› J‹¬…ÿ„¬æ\÷H© XH›~¡° K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡=òO_Èx „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq.. They –> Subject He. J`Ç_°È J‹¬•° Z=iÌ„< á Œ P^•¥~¡„_ ¬ = È •‹²# J=‹¬~¡O=ôO_È^¥? Doesn't he have to depend on others at all? 9. h=ô J‹¬ • ° Maths H÷ coaching f‹¬°H›ù#=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O…è^¥? 2. Don't you have to attend the night duty at all? J`Ç _ È ° J‹¬ • ° camp •ä› ½ "³ ˆ × ¤ = •‹² # 4. Doesn't he have to go on camps at all? P"³° J‹¬•° doctor #° consult J==•‹²# 5. EXAMPLES 1. J=‹¬~¡O=ôO_È^¥? J=‹¬~¡O=ôO_È^¥? Doesn't she have to consult the doctor at all? "Œ~¡° J‹¬•° taxes K³eOÁ KÇ=•‹²# J=‹¬~O¡ =ôO_È^¥? Don't they have to pay taxes at all? 259 6. P"³° J‹¬•° WH›ø_È䛽 ~Œ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O =ôO_È^¥? Doesn't she have to come here at all? 10. D q^•Î=òQê =°#=ò Qêx "Í~ùH›~°¡ Qêx „ã ‹¬ °¬ `ë =Ç ò =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò# Qêx …èH› J‹¬…„ÿ æ¬ \÷H© Qêx K͆°Ç =•‹²# J=‹¬~=¡ ò …èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ „ã t¬ ßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Don't / Does n't + have to + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.

"Œ~¡° J‹¬•° rice Hù#=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O =ôO_È^¥? 8. g°~¡° J‹¬•° "Œi J#°=°u f‹¬°Hù#=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O=ôO_È^¥? 3. h=ô J‹¬•° money J„¬C K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O=ôO_È^¥? 7. g°~¡° project report `dž¶ Ç ~¡° K͆°Ç =•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽=ôO_È^ΰ ? Why don't you have to prepare the project report? 18. : 94406 16425 'Wh' QUESTIONS EXERCISE 11. J`Ç_È° camp •ä›½ "³ˆ×¤=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽O_È^ΰ? Why doesn't he have to go on camps? 14. g°~¡° text books Hù#=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽O_È^ΰ? Why don't you have to buy text books? 13. "Œ~¡ ° notes ã " Œ†Ç ° =•‹² # J=‹¬ ~ ¡ O ZO^ΰ䛽O_È^ΰ? Why don't they have to write notes? 16. "Œ~¡ ° J‹¬ • ° „¦ ¬ e `Œ• Q® ° iOz worry J==•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O=ôO_È^¥? 6. Z 260 . h=ô J‹¬•° cell phone use K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽O_È^ΰ? 15. P"³° J‹¬•° study classes 䛽 "³ˆ×¤#=‹¬~¡O =ôO_È^¥? 11. h=ô H›+¬“„¬_È=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽 …è^ΰ? Why don't you have to work hard? 17. P"³° J‹¬•° reports `džǶ~¡° K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽O_È^ΰ? 14. h=ô J‹¬•° lessons byheart K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O =ôO_È^¥? 2. h=ô books refer K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽O_È^ΰ? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. J`ÇxH÷ J‹¬•° money ‹¬O‡•kOKÇ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽…è^ΰ? Why doesn't he have to earn money at all? 1. g°~¡° J‹¬•° games practise K͆°Ç =•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽…è^ΰ? Why don't you have to practise games? 20. "Œ~¡ ° J‹¬ • ° ‡Ú•O…Õ fertilizers use K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽…è^ΰ? Why don't they have to use fertilizers in the field? 19. g°~¡° entrance test 䛽 appear J==•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽O_È^ΰ? 12. J`Ç _ È ° J‹¬ • ° |‹¬ ° •…Õ ã „ ¬ † Ç ¶ }O K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O=ôO_È^¥? 10. J`ÇxH÷ job K͆°Ç =•‹²# J=‹¬~O¡ ZO^ΰ䛽 …è^ΰ? 13. h=ô J‹¬•° "Œi ‹¬•‚¬ð f‹¬°HË=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O=ôO_È^¥? 9. P"³ ° J‹¬ • ° WO\÷ #°O_• |†Ç ° @ä› ½ ~Œ=•‹¬²# J=‹¬~¡OLO_È^¥? 5. P"³° medicines f‹¬°H›ù#=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽…è^ΰ? Why doesn't she have to take medicines? 15. J`Ç_È° J‹¬•° money Y~¡°ó Ì„@“=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O=ôO_È^¥? 4. Why don't you have to refer to the books? 12.. "ŒiH÷ J‹¬•° J`Çx q+¬†Ç°O…Õ *ÕH›¼O KÍ‹¬°Hù# =•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O =ôO_È^¥? Anger without power is folly.

Ex : 1. J‹¬…ÿ„¬æ\÷H© Hêh XH›~¡° K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡=òO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Don't have to / Doesn't have to + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. Ex : 1. QUESTION FORM : „¬‹¬°ë`Ç=ò Hêh. Positive Form 2. Do you have to speak English in your college? 2. Negative Form 3. 3. 2. J‹¬…ÿ„¬æ\÷H© Hêh XH›~¡° K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡=òO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Don't have to / Doesn't have to + I form of the Verb"L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. NEGATIVE FORM : ㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç=ò Hêh. I have to work ten hours daily. Don't you have to go on camps at all? 2. 2. Does she have to take this medicine daily? 4. Don't you have to wake up early in the morning? 3. Ex : 1. nx…Õ =°#=ò 1. They don't have to show any guarantee. POSITIVE FORM : ㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç=ò Hêh. We have to pay rent on 5th every month. Ex : 1. He has to go on camp every week. 1. : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D ~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ 'Have to / Has to' Q®°iOz <Í~°¡ óä½› <Œß=ò. 3. They have to consult the Manager every Monday. Doesn't he have to know the details every time? 4. Don't they have to encourage him? 261 . 4. Do you have to discuss every matter with your Manager? 3. Does he have to lookafter his business? 4. 4. D 4 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò. ï~Q®°¼•~ŸQê Qêh XH›~¡° K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡=òO_È° XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Do / Does + have to + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. We don't have to attend the duty on Sundays.. 3. ï~Q®°¼•~ŸQê Qêh XH›~¡° K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡=òO_È° XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Have to / Has to + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Question Form 4. 2. He doesn't have to care anyone. Negative Question Form J#° 4 parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM : „¬‹¬°ë`Ç=ò Hêh. I don't have to take any risk in my job.

I Form II Form 521. Serve served served 525. Sob sobbed sobbed 539. Simplify simplified simplified 530. "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O. Smash smashed smashed 533. Snatch snatched snatched 535. Solve solved solved D ~ËA III Form Meaning JQ®°„¬_È°@ „¬@°“H›ù#°@ "Í~¡°K͆Çò@ À‹=K͆Çò@ ‹²Ö~¡„¬_È°@. Slip slipped slipped 532. Soak soaked soaked 538.. =°^μ=ië`ÇÞ=ò K͆Çò@ „¬^ΰ#°Ì„@°“@ =¶~¡°ó@ =}°ä›½@ ‹¬°•ƒ•’=òK͆òÇ @ „Ô•°ó@ *ì~¡°@. ‡ã •iÖOKÇ°@ „¬i+¬øiOKÇ°@ …Õx Positive Form. *ì~¡q_È°KÇ°@ „¬Q®°•Qù@°“ „¬î†Çò@ …ìQ®°H›ù#°@ `Ç°=òà@ Q®°~¡H› Ì„@°“@ <Œ#ƒÿ@°“@ "³H÷ø "³H÷ø U_È°ó@ "Í_°È Hù#°. Question Form. Seize seized seized 523. Sneeze sneezed sneezed 536. : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs. Spoken English lesson Z 262 A thief thinks that everyone steals. Separate separated separated 524. Seem seemed seemed 522. Shift shifted shifted 528. Smear smeared smeared 534. . Sip sipped sipped 531. Snore snored snored 537. Negative Question Form ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 4 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. Sharpen sharpened sharpened 527. Negative Form. Shiver shivered shivered 529. Settle settled settled 526. Solicite solicited solicited 540.

<Í#° x#ß urgent „¬xg°^Î =¶ place "³ˆ×¤=•‹² =zó#k. They had to vacate that house suddenly last month. We had to cancel the programme due to rain yesterday. 5. <Í#° x#ß sudden Qê <³•¶Á~¡° "³ˆ×¤=•‹² =zó#k. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. We had to borrow money last month. K͆ǰ=•‹² =zó#k. I had to help my friends yesterday. My father had to withdraw Rs. =zó#k. 4. . "Í°=ò x#ß Bank Manager #° consult 3. My brother had to resign to his job last month. Q®`"Ç Œ~¡O.000 from the bank yesterday. "Í°=ò last month money J„¬C K͆°Ç =•‹² =zó#k. J J J J Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡=ò =zó# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. native 6. J==•‹² =zó#k. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› Q®`OÇ …Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³á##° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° K͆ǰ=•‹² =zó# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Had to + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. "Œ~¡° x#ß g°\÷OQ· postpone K͆ǰ=•‹² =zó#k. Q®`Ç <³•. EXAMPLES 1. 10. They had to postpone the meeting yesterday. =¶ brother last Sunday interview H÷ attend Hê=•‹² =zó#k. D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ x#ß. 10. We had to consult the Bank Manager yesterday. 263 7. =¶ brother last month job H÷ resign 8. =zó#k. last month sudden Qê P house vacate K͆ǰ=•‹² =zó#k. Plural U^³á##¶ 'Had to' =KÇ°ó#°. : 94406 16425 HAD TO XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ K͆°Ç =•‹²# J=‹¬~= ¡ ò =zó# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. "Œ~¡° 2. =¶ sister last year studies discontinue K͆ǰ=•‹² =zó#k.000 withdraw K͆ǰ=•‹² =zó#k. =¶ father x#ß bank #°Oz ~¡¶. I had to go to our native place on some urgent work. <Í#° x#ß =¶ friends H÷ help K͆ǰ=•‹² 10. She had to stay in the hospital last week. P"³° last week hospital …Õ LO_È=•‹² 9.. "Í°=ò last week special class H÷ attend Hê=•‹² =zó#k. "Í°=ò x#ß =~¡Â=ò=•# programme cancel K͆ǰ=•‹² =zó#k.

18. "Í ° =ò x#ß P train …Õ ordinary compartment …Õ ã„¬†Ç¶}O K͆ǰ=•‹² =zó#k. =¶ lecturers last year special classes f‹¬°Hù#=•‹² =zó#k. 3. 19. x#ß journey …Õ "Í°=ò KŒ…ì risk face K͆ǰ=•‹² =zó#k. We had to travel in the ordinary compartment in the train yesterday. 11. <Í#° =¶ grandfather 䛽 `Ë_È°Qê x#ß <³•¶Á~¡° "³ˆ×¤=•‹² =zó#k. "Œ~¡° x#ß P"³°#° hospital …Õ admit K͆ǰ=•‹² =zó#k. "Í ° =ò Q® ` Ç ~ Œã u =¶ Q®_È„¬=•‹² =zó#k. 2500 K͆ǰ=•‹² =zó#k. "Œ~¡° Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O business …Õ KŒ…ì #+¬“O face K͆ǰ=•‹² =zó#k. They had to face heavy loss in business last year. 14. 10. J=°à=•‹² We had to discuss that matter with my father yesterday. I had to apply for leave to office yesterday. 1. 9. "Í°=ò x#ß principal HË‹¬O two hours wait K͆ǰ=•‹² =zó#k. year "Œi house They had to sell their house last year. 13. 8. 5. …Õ coaching f‹¬°Hù#=•‹² =zó#k. "Œ~¡° last month family Nellore H÷ shift K͆ǰ=•‹² =zó#k. father `Ë 20. "Í°=ò x#ß P q+¬†Ç°O =¶ discuss K͆ǰ=•‹² =zó#k. My cousin had to discontinue her studies last year. 11. "Í°=ò x#ß "Œi ‹¬‚¬ð†Ç°O HË~¡=•‹² =zó#k. 14. 12. Z Be a Roman when you are in Rome. <Í # ° Maths H÷ HËzOQ· f‹¬°HË=•‹² =zó#k. P"³° x#ß guests 䛽 special items `džǶ~¡° K͆ǰ=•‹² =zó#k. P†Ç ° # Q® ` Ç Zxß H › • =òO^Î ° ‡•s“ =¶~¡=•‹² =zó#k. 7. =¶ cousin last year studies discontinue K͆ǰ=•‹² =zó#k.. 12. I had to accompany my grandfather to Nellore yesterday. 17. last year I had to take coaching for Mathematics last year. <Í#° x#ß office H÷ leave apply K͆°Ç =•‹² =zó#k. "Í°=ò Last week bank …Õ Rs. 13. "Œ~¡° last =zó#k. <Í#° x#ß Exam fee pay K͆ǰ=•‹² =zó#k. 4. P"³ ° last month Hyderabad Care hospital …Õ treatment ‡ÚO^Î = •‹² =zó#k. 264 . <Í#° x#ß text books Hù#=•‹² =zó#k. friends WO\ÕÁ We had to spend in our friends house last night. "Í°=ò x#ß P village H÷ 5 Kms #_È°= =•‹² =zó#k. 6. "Í°=ò last time Group-2 „¬sH›Æ䛽 Hyd. 15. 15. 2. <Í#° last Sunday Bangalore …Õ XH› seminar …Õ participate KÍ † Ç ° =•‹² =zó#k. : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 16. =¶ brother last year hostel …Õ stay K͆ǰ=•‹² =zó#k. We had to wait for the principal two hours yesterday.

. apply She did not have to apply for leave to the office yesterday. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular Plural U^³á##¶ 'Didn't have to' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 265 6. K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^ΰ. J=‹¬~¡O H›•°Q®…è^ΰ. "Í ° =ò x#ß P =îiH÷ #_È ° ==•‹² # J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^ΰ. Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ =°#=ò K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡=òO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. We did not have to take coaching for the entrance test last year. . "Í°=ò last year entrance test 䛽 appear J==•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O H›•°Q®…è^ΰ. <Í#° x#ß penalty K³eOÁ KÇ=•‹²# J=‹¬~O¡ H›•°Q®…è^ΰ. <Í # ° last month money J„¬ C K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^ΰ. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› Q®`OÇ …Õx U W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^³á##° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O LO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Didn't + have to + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. "Œ~¡ ° last month house vacate 2. She did not have to stay in the hospital last month. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ =°#=ò K͆°Ç =•‹²# J=‹¬~= ¡ òO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. 3. <Í#° x#ß J`Çxx H›•°= =•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^ΰ. I did not have to borrow money last month. P"³° last month hospital …Õ LO_È=•‹²# 5. 7. 8. =¶ brother last time job H÷ resign 4. D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ x#ß Q®`"Ç Œ~¡O. They did not have to vacate the house last month. K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O H›•°Q®…è^ΰ. =¶ brother studies discontinue K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O H›•°Q®…è^ΰ. "Í ° =ò last year entrance test H÷ coaching f‹¬°HË=•‹²# J=‹¬~O ¡ ~Œ…è^°Î . I did not have to meet him yesterday. EXAMPLES 1. J J J J <Í#° x#ß office H÷ "³ˆ×¤=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^ΰ. Q®`Ç <³•. I did not have to pay penalty yesterday. My brother did not have to resign to his job last year. We did not have to walk to that village yesterday. P"³° last year donation pay K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^ΰ. 9. P"³ ° x#ß P„¦ Ô ‹ ¬ ° H÷ leave K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^ΰ.

1. He did not have to do job then. <Í#° x#ß J`Çx ‹¬‚¬ð†Ç°O HË~¡=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O H›•°Q®…è^ΰ. 11. "Í°=ò Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O entrance test 䛽 appear J==•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O H›•°Q®…è^ΰ. P"³° J„¬VC_È° D course K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^ΰ. P†Ç°# Q®`Ç ZxßH›•…Õ ïQ•°„¬ôHË‹¬O Zä› ½ ø= amount Y~¡ ° ó Ì „ @“ = •‹² # J=‹¬~¡O H›•°Q®…è^ΰ. 6. We did not have to discuss this matter with them. J`Ç _ È ° x#ß JH› ø _È "Œix receive KÍ‹¬°Hù#=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^ΰ. I did not have to wait for them there yesterday. He did not have to undergo training last time. 15. 8. 5. 12. We did not have to face this problem here last year. "Œ~¡° Q®`ÇO…Õ night duty H÷ attend J==•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^ΰ. 9. P"³ ° x#ß "ŒiH÷ =°~¡ • explain K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^ΰ. We did not have to appear for the entrance test last year. "Í ° =ò J„¬ C _È ° Wxß subjects KÇ^ΰ==•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O H›•°Q®…è^ΰ. "Í°=ò last month JH›ø_È䛽 "³ˆ×¤=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^ΰ. "Í ° =ò "Œi`Ë D q+¬ † Ç ° O discuss 18. 15. face 11. "Í°=ò last year P town H÷ family shift K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O H›•°Q®…è^ΰ. <Í#° last year hostel …Õ KÍ~¡=•‹²# Hê=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O H›•°Q®…è^ΰ. <Í#° last time WO`Ç syllabus prepare J==•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^ΰ. "Œ~¡ ° last week P programme …Õ ‡•…ç¾#=•‹²# J=‹¬~O¡ H›•°Q®…^ è °Î . 14. Cleanliness is next to Godliness. "Œ~¡ ° last month class ä› ½ attend 12. 2. <Í # ° x#ß JH› ø _È J`Ç x `Ë stay K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^ΰ. <Í # ° D job HË‹¬ O Zä› ½ ø= H›+¬“„¬_È=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O H›•°Q®…è^ΰ. "Í ° =ò J„¬ C _È ° licence ‡ÚO^Î = •‹² # 13. J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^ΰ. K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^ΰ.. Z 266 . "Œ~¡° Z䛽ø= amount invest K͆°Ç =•‹²# 20. P†Ç°# x#ß WH›ø_Èä½› ~Œ=•‹²# J=‹¬~O¡ H›•°Q®…è^ΰ. h=ô last year private college …Õ KÍ~¡=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^ΰ. I did not have to seek his help yesterday. : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. J`Ç_È° last time training ‡ÚO^Î=•‹²# 19. J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^ΰ. "Í ° =ò last year donation pay K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^ΰ. I did not have to join hostel last year. 17. 7. They did not have to invest much amount. 3. J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^ΰ. J`Ç_È° J„¬C_È° job K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O 14. 10. 13. They did not have to attend the classes last month. J=‹¬~¡O H›•°Q®…è^ΰ. We did not have to get the licence then. "Í°=ò last year WH›ø_È problem K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^ΰ. 4. H›•°Q®…è^ΰ. <Í # ° x#ß JH› ø _È "ŒiHË‹¬ O wait K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^ΰ. 16. 10.

7. h=ô x#ß g° brother H÷ money „¬O„¬=•‹² =zó#^¥ ? 2. Did you have to participate in the seminar last week ? g° brother last year private college …Õ join J==•‹²=zó#^¥ ? Did your brother have to join private college last year ? "Œ~¡ ° x#ß J`Ç x H÷ help KÍ † Ç ° =•‹² 5. Q®`"Ç Œ~¡O. D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ x#ß. g°~¡° x#ß D q+¬†Ç°O JO`Œ J`ÇxH÷ explain K͆ǰ=•‹²=zó#^¥ ? Did you have to explain this matter to him yesterday ? . Did you have to wait for him for a long time yesterday ? "Œ~¡° last year P house sale K͆°Ç =•‹² Did you have to cancel the programme yesterday ? Last week g°~¡° Ì‹q°<Œ~Ÿ…Õ participate K͆ǰ=•‹²=zó#^¥ ? 4. Plural U^³á##° 'Did + have to' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Did you have to send money to your brother yesterday ? P"³ ° last year studies discontinue 8.. Q®`Ç <³•. h=ô x#ß K³<³áß "³ˆ×¤=•‹² =zó#^¥ ? g°~¡° x#ß meeting postpone K͆ǰ=•‹² =zó#^¥ ? J`Ç_È° last month money J„¬C K͆ǰ=•‹²=zó#^¥ ? P"³° last week heart specialist #° consult J==•‹² =zó#^¥ ? J J J J Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~¡° K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡=ò =zó# XH› „¬xx Q®¶ió ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› Q®`OÇ …Õx U W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^³á##° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡=ò =zó# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@䛽 "Did + have to + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Did they have to help him yesterday ? g°~¡ ° last time bank #°O_• loan 3. Did she have to discontinue her studies last year ? g°~¡° x#ß J`Çx HË‹¬O KŒ…ì À‹„¬ô wait 9. EXAMPLES 1. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ K͆°Ç =•‹²# J=‹¬~= ¡ ò =zó# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. =zó#^¥ ? f‹¬°HË=•‹² =zó#^¥ ? Did you have to take loan from the bank last time ? 267 K͆ǰ=•‹² =zó#^¥ ? K͆ǰ=•‹² =zó#^¥ ? =zó#^¥ ? Did they have to sell that house last year ? 10. x#ß g°~¡° programme cancel K͆°Ç =•‹² =zó#^¥ ? 6. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject .Singular.

course H÷ ZO`Ç donation pay K͆ǰ=•‹² =zó#k ? Howmuch donation did you have to pay for MCA course last year ? g°~¡° x#ß meeting ZO^ΰ䛽 postpone 17. J`Ç_È° J„¬C_È° P job =^Ε°Hù#=•‹² =zó#^¥ ? 4. h=ô x#ß =°~¡• Manager #° consult J==•‹²=zó#^¥ ? 7. 12. 14. J`Ç_È° last year P course …Õ ZO^ΰ䛽 KÍ~¡=•‹² =zó#k ? 14. h=ô last month comp "³ˆ¤= × •‹² =zó#^¥? 3.A. 20. h=ô last Sunday Guntur ZO^Î ° ä› ½ "³ˆ×¤=•‹² =zó#k ? 12. 13. P†Ç°# x#ß court …Õ ‚¬ð[~¡° J==•‹² =zó#^¥? 8. : 94406 16425 'Wh' QUESTIONS EXERCISE 11.C. 19. "Œ~¡° x#ß JH›ø_È trouble face K͆ǰ=•‹² =zó#^¥ ? 11. g°~¡° x#ß P TiH÷ #_Èz "³ˆ×¤=•‹² =zó#^¥ ? 2. "Œ~¡° last month sudden Qê P house vacate K͆ǰ=•‹² =zó#^¥ ? 6. g°~¡° bank #°O_• x#ß ZO`Ç amount withdraw K͆ǰ=•‹² =zó#k ? 13. P"³° last time U subject H÷ coaching f‹¬°Hù#=•‹² =zó#k ? 15. Z 268 . P"³ ° ~Œã u P WO\ÕÁ XO@iQê stay K͆ǰ=•‹² =zó#^¥ ? 10. Where did you have to stay last night? h=ô last year M. J`Ç_È° last time Zxß ~ËA•° hospital …Õ stay K͆ǰ=•‹² =zó#k? Why did you have to borrow money last month ? Hardwork always brings success. Where did you have to admit her last time ? g°~¡ ° last time Zxß <³ • • tH› Æ } 15.. Why did you have to postpone the meeting yesterday ? g°~¡° last time P"³°#° ZH›ø_È admit 18. K͆ǰ=•‹² =zó#k ? K͆ǰ=•‹²=zó#k ? ‡ÚO^Î=•‹² =zó#k ? Howmany months did you have to undergo training last time ? P"³ ° last year studies ZO^Î ° ä› ½ discontinue K͆ǰ=•‹² =zó#k ? Why did she have to discontinue her studies last year ? g°~¡° last month money ZO^ΰ䛽 J„¬C K͆ǰ=•‹² =zó#k ? 1. g°~¡° x#ß JH›ø_È Z=ix consult J==•‹² =zó#k ? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. Whom did you have to consult there yesterday ? g°~¡° last time P problem Z…ì solve K͆ǰ=•‹²=zó#k ? How did you have to solve that problem last time ? g°~¡° sudden Qê P house ZO^ΰ䛽 vacate K͆ǰ=•‹² =zó#k ? Why did you have to vacate that house suddenly ? ~Œã u g°~¡ ° ZH› ø _È stay KÍ † Ç ° =•‹² =zó#k? 16. P"³° x#ß guests HË‹¬O =°~¡• cook K͆ǰ=•‹² =zó#^¥? 5. g°~¡ ° P"³ ° #° hospital …Õ admit K͆ǰ=•‹² =zó#^¥ ? 9.

EXAMPLES 1. h=ô XH›„¬C_È° ~Œ…è^¥? job K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O Didn't you have to do job once? 8. h=ô x#ß college H÷ "³ˆ×¤=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^¥? g°~¡° last month bill pay K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^¥? J`Ç_È° J„¬C_È° D course K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^¥? "Œ~¡° J„¬C_È° P W•°Á Mìm K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^¥? J J J J Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`ÇO…Õ XH›~¡° K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡=ò …èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ Subject Singular. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°ß„C¬ _È° Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ Xä›~°¡ K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡=ò …èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. g°~¡° J„¬C_È° "Œi`Ë discuss K͆°Ç =•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^¥ ? Didn't you have to discuss with them then ? . x#ß g°~¡° JH›ø_È J`Çxx H›•°==•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^¥? Didn't you have to meet him there yesterday? Didn't you have to pay penalty last month? office H›÷ "³ˆ×¤=•‹²# 4. Plural U^³á##¶ 'Didn't + have to' =KÇ°ó#°. Q®`<Ç •³ .. P"³ ° J„¬ C _È ° "ŒiO\ÕÁ LO_È = •‹² # J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^¥? Didn't she have to stay in their house 269 Didn't they have to invest in the 6. Q®`"Ç Œ~¡O. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡=ò …èH› Q®`OÇ …Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^³#á #° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ K͆°Ç =•‹²# J=‹¬~=¡ ò …èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Didn't + have to + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. g°~¡° XH›„¬C_È° D house H÷ K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O~Œ…è^¥? rent pay Didn't you have to pay rent for this house once? Didn't he have to go to office last week? then? invest business then? 2. J`Ç_È° last week J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^¥? 5. D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ x#ß. g°~¡° last month penalty pay K͆°Ç =•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^¥? 3. "Œ~¡ ° J„¬ C _È ° business …Õ K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O~Œ…è^¥? 7.

g°~¡ ° last time business …Õ attend K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽 ~Œ…è^ΰ? 13. "Œ~¡ ° last year tax K³ e Á O KÇ = •‹² # J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^¥? 6. h=ô x#ß JH› ø _È "Œi HË‹¬ O wait K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^¥? 2. J`Ç_È° x#ß camp "³ˆ×¤=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^¥? 10. Why didn't he have to do job then? P"³ ° x#ß duty H÷ attend J==•‹² # ZO^ΰ䛽 H›•Q®…è^ΰ? J=‹¬~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽~Œ…è^ΰ? 13. Why didn't they have to partcipate in the voting last time? h=ô x#ß ticket Hù#=•‹² # J=‹¬ ~ ¡ O J=‹¬~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽~Œ…è^ΰ? ZO^ΰ䛽~Œ…è^ΰ? 15. Why didn't she have to attend the duty yesterday? "Œ~¡° last time voting …Õ ‡•…ç¾#=•‹²# 14. Why didn't you have to buy the ticket yesterday? g°~¡ ° last month classes H÷ attend 16. P"³ ° J„¬ C _È ° g° WO\ÕÁ =ôO_È = •‹² # J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^¥? 5. g°~¡° last time "Œi ‹¬‚¬ð†Ç°O HË~¡=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^¥? 8. x#ß ZO^ΰ䛽 ~Œ…è^ΰ? 10. P"³° J„¬C_È° "ŒiÌ„á P^•¥~¡„¬_È=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^¥? 11. h=ô x#ß duty H÷ attend Hê=•‹²# J=‹¬~O¡ ZO^ΰ䛽 …è^ΰ? 12. J==•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽~Œ…è^ΰ? J=‹¬~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽 H›•°Q®…è^ΰ? Why didn't he have to pay donation last year? x#ß interview …Õ J`Ç_È° certificates present K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽 ~Œ…è^ΰ? 18. 270 . 'Wh' QUESTIONS g°~¡° bill pay K͆ǰ=•‹²# 9. 1. Why didn't you have to take coaching then? J`ÇxH÷ J„¬C_È° job K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O 12. h=ô x#ß J`Ç x H÷ help KÍ † Ç ° =•‹² # J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^¥? 7. g°~¡ ° J„¬ C _È ° English <Í ~ ¡ ° ó H Ë=•‹² # J=‹¬~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽 ~Œ…è^ΰ? 15. EXERCISE J=‹¬~¡O Why didn't you have to pay the bill yesterday? g°~¡° J„¬C_È° coaching f‹¬°Hù#=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽~Œ…è^ΰ? 11. J`Ç _ È ° J„¬ C _È ° training ‡ÚO^Î = •‹² # J=‹¬~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽 ~Œ…è^ΰ? 14.. : 94406 16425 Why didn't he have to present the certificates in the interview yesterday? g°~¡ ° last month J`Ç x H÷ money „¬O„¬=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽~Œ…è^ΰ? Why didn't you have to send him money last month? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. Why didn't you have to attend the classes last month? J`Ç_È° last year donation K³eÁOKÇ=•‹²# 17. "Œ~¡ ° J„¬ C _È ° P house vacate K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^¥? 9. "Œ~¡° J„¬C_È° entrance test •ä›½ appear J==•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽 ~Œ…è^ΰ? Z God gives every bird its food but doesnot throw it into the nest. J`Ç_È° J„¬C_È° money ‹¬O‡•kOKÇ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^¥? 4. g°~¡ ° last month college fee pay K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ~Œ…è^¥? 3.

Positive Form 2. Ex : 3. They had to deposit Rs. Did he have to appear for the test last month? 3. 2. 1. Did you have to consult the doctor yesterday? 2. 1. He had to join a private college last year. nx…Õ =°#=ò 1. Didn't you have to pay rent then? Didn't he have to come here yesterday? Didn't she have to stay in the hospital last time? Didn't they have to buy the tickets yesterday? . Negative Question Form J#° 4 parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. 10. Ex : 271 1. 2. Ex : 4. NEGATIVE FORM : 4. Ex : 1.. I did not have to meet him yesterday. Question Form 4. 1. Did she have to go to hospital yesterday? 4. 3. 3. POSITIVE FORM : Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ K͆°Ç =•‹²# J=‹¬~= ¡ ò =ôO_•# XH› „¬xx ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Had to + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. We had to help him yesterday. : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D ~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ 'Had to + I form of the Verb' J#° structure Q®°iOz <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. D 4 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò. Negative Form 3. 3. 4. 4. Did they have to take coaching last time? NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM : Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡=ò =ôO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Didn't + have to + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. nxx Past necessary action JO\ì~¡°. They did not have to stay here last night.000 last time. I had to go to Chennai last week. 2. We did not have to take permission. He did not have to apply for leave yesterday. QUESTION FORM : Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ K͆°Ç =•‹²# J=‹¬~= ¡ ò =ôO_•# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz „ ã t ¬ ßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Did + have to + I form of the Verb " L„¬†¶ ³ yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ K͆°Ç =•‹²# J=‹¬~= ¡ ò =ôO_Èx XH› „¬xx ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Did not + have to + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 2.

: 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs. Spoken English lesson Z 272 Little enemies and little wounds are not to be despised. Negative Question Form ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 4 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. I Form II Form III Form 541 Specify specified specified 542 Sprinkle sprinkled sprinkled 543 Stab stabbed stabbed 544 Stammer stammered stammered 545 Stamp stamped stamped 546 Stare stared stared 547 Start started started 548 Starve starved starved 549 Stay stayed stayed 550 Stitch stitched stitched 551 Stoop stooped stooped 552 Stop stopped stopped 553 Strengthen strengthened strengthened 554 Submit submitted submitted 555 Succumb succumbed succumbed 556 Suck sucked sucked 557 Suffer suffered suffered 558 Suggest suggested suggested 559 Summon summoned summoned 560 Supervise supervised supervised D ~ËA Meaning ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@ z•H›iOKÇ°@ ‡Ú_ÈKÇ°@ #uëQê =¶\ìÁ_È°@ =òã^Î"͆Çò@ `ÍiKǶKÇ°@ |†Ç°•°^Í~¡°@ „¬‹¬°ëO_È°@ LO_È°@ 䛽@°“@ =òO^ΰ䛽 =OQ®°@ P„¬ô@ |…ÕÀ„`Ç=ò K͆Çò@ X„¬æyOKÇ°@ …Õ|_È°. =°~¡}÷OKÇ°@ „Ô•°ó@ ƒì^•Î J#°ƒ•’qOKÇ°@ ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@ „²•=#O„¬ô@ „¬~¡¼"ÍH÷ÆOKÇ°@ …Õx Positive Form. Question Form. Negative Form. "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O.J 28 DAY (ADDING) . .

My brother will have to undergo training for one month after the selection. You will have to consult the principal again. K͆ǰ=•‹² =‹¬°ëOk. "Œ~¡° ö~„¬ô g°\÷OQ·ä›½ LO@°Ok. 2. They will have to vacate that house soon. We will have to pay the exam fee next week . K͆ǰ=•‹² LO@°Ok. "Œ~¡° `ÇÞ~¡…Õ P house vacate K͆°Ç =•‹² 10. =¶ brother next year hostel …Õ stay K͆ǰ=•‹² LO@°Ok. LO@°Ok. "Í°=ò D work next week complete 9. <Í#° next Monday Hyderabad "³ˆ×¤=•‹² LO@°Ok. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. =°#=ò ö~„¬ô "ŒiH÷ money pay K͆ǰ=•‹² LO@°Ok. I willhave to go to Hyderabad next Monday. 3. They will have to attend the meeting tomorrow. 273 attend J==•‹² 8. J==•‹² LO@°Ok. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°ë…Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³á##° =°#=ò…èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡=ò#ß XH›„¬xx ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Will have to + I form of the verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. =KÍ<ó •³ . 5. J J J J <Í#° ö~„¬ô office 䛽 early Qê "³ˆ×¤=•‹² LO@°Ok. „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ K͆°Ç =•‹²# J=‹¬~= ¡ ò =ôO_È° XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq.. <Í # ° D report =KÍ ó " Œ~¡ O P„¦ Ô ‹ ¬ ° …Õ submit K͆ǰ=•‹² LO@°Ok. g°~¡° next week …Õ„¬• D work „¬îië K͆ǰ=•‹² LO@°Ok. g°~¡° =°~¡• XH›ª•i principal #° consult 4. P"³° WOHùH› <³•~ËA•° D medicine f‹¬°HË=•‹² LO@°Ok. EXAMPLES 1. Plural U^³á##¶ "will have to" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. We will have to complete this work next week. I will have to submit this report in the office next week. . : 94406 16425 WILL HAVE TO XHùøH›øª•i ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ K͆°Ç =•‹²# J=‹¬~= ¡ ò =ôO_È° XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. =KÍ"ó Œ~¡O. =¶ brother selection `Ç~¡°"Œ`Ç XH› <³• training ‡ÚO^Î=•‹² LO@°Ok. h=ô JH› ø _È KŒ…ì problems face K͆ǰ=•‹² LO@°Ok. D q^•ÎOQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ ~ö „¬ô. She will have to take this medicine for one more month. "Í ° =ò =KÍ ó " Œ~¡ O exam fee pay 6. 7. You will have to face many problems there.

"Œ~¡° =òO^ΰQê LO@°Ok. P"³° =KÍó 6 <³••…Õ D course „¬îië K͆ǰ=•‹² =ôO@°Ok. 1. 15. q^͉§•ä›½ "³ˆ×ä@䛽 h=ô English ƒìQê <Í~¡°óHù#=•‹² =ôO@°Ok. prove KÍ ‹ ¬ ° HË=•‹² You will have to prove your worth. 4. 19. 5 lakhs in this business.. J`Ç _ È ° next year KŒ…ì K͆ǰ=•‹² LO@°Ok. 8. <Í#° next Sunday interrew H÷ attend J==•‹² LO@°Ok. They will have to invest Rs. 15. 5. 5 •H›Æ•° invest K͆ǰ=•‹² LO@°Ok. 13. 9. 2. 12. Z A bird in hand is worth two in the bush. "Œ~¡ ° ï ~ O_È ° <³ • •…Õ D KÍ † Ç ° =•‹² =ôO@°Ok. We will have to receive the guests at the railway station tomorrow. =°#=ò ~ö „¬ô railway station ^ÎQ~¾® ¡ guests #° receive KÍ‹¬°Hù#=•‹² LO@°Ok. ö~„¬ô <Í#° "ŒiH÷ `Ë_È°Qê K³<³áß "³ˆ×Á=•‹² LO@°Ok. 6. g°~¡ ° =òO^Î ° Qê Rs. 11.Phil K͆ǰ=•‹² =ôO@°Ok. 14. =°#=ò D q+¬ † Ç ° O…Õ JO^Î i ‹¬‚¬ìHê~¡O ‡ÚO^Î=•‹² =ôO@°Ok. ‡éb‹¬° "Œ~¡° [†Í°Oã^Î case KŒ…ì *ìãQ®`ÇëQê deal K͆ǰ=•‹² =ôO@°Ok. =¶ brother visa HË‹¬O apply K͆°Ç =•‹² =ôO@°Ok. =°#=ò D ‹¬=°‹¬¼#° =òO^ΰQê K͆ǰ=•‹² LO@°Ok. 3. You will have to provide us the accommodation there tomorrow. 17. 1000/K³eÁOKÇ=•‹² =ôO@°Ok. 12. P"³° =KÍó ï~O_È° <³••° „¬sH›Æ•ä›½ prepare J==•‹² LO@°Ok. <Í#° "Œi`Ë ~Œr „¬_È=•‹² =ôO@°Ok. ~ö „¬ô ~Œã+“¬ |O^£…Õ =°#O^Î~O¡ ‡•…ç¾# =•‹² =ôO@°Ok. g°~¡° =òO^ΰQê "ŒiH÷ D q+¬†Ç°O inform K͆ǰ=•‹² =ôO@°Ok. 13. h=ô h worth LO@°Ok. 7. 18. 14. licence ‡ÚO^Î=•‹² They will have to get the licence earlier. 16. 274 . 10. "Í°=ò next year English …Õ Phonetics <Í~¡°óHù#=•‹² =ôO@°Ok. hard work He will have to work hard next year. : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. She will have to prepare for the exams next two months. "Œ~¡° D business …Õ ‹¬°=¶~¡° ~¡¶. 20. I will have to acompany them to Chennai tomorrow. P"³° ö~„¬ô guests #° ƒìQê treat K͆ǰ =•‹²=ôO@°Ok. =°#=ò WH›g°^Î@ KŒ…ì sincere Qê work K͆ǰ=•‹² =ôO@°Ok. g°~¡° =¶ä›½ ~ö „¬ô JH›ø_È =‹¬u H›eæOKÇ=•‹² LO@°Ok. 11. They will have to clear this loan in two months. =°#=ò JH› ø _È "Œi`Ë Hùxß q+¬ † Ç ° =ò•…Õ adjust J==•‹² =ôO@°Ok. solve We will have to solve this problem earlier. P"³° lecturer post ‡ÚO^ΰ@䛽 M.

<Í#° ö~„¬ô P„¦Ô‹¬°ä›½ "³ˆ×¤=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O …è^ΰ. 2. . g°~¡ ° WH› # °Oz D problem face 4. K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O LO_È^ΰ. 9. You will not have to accompany them tomorrow.. "Í ° =ò WH› g °^Î @ house tax pay 3. J`Ç_È° WH› D medicine f‹¬°HË=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O LO_È^ΰ. EXAMPLES 1. My brother will not have to attend the night duty hereafter. =KÍ<ó •³ . 5. He will not have to send us money hereafter. g°~¡° next month bill pay K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O …è^ΰ. "Œ~¡ ° WH› g °^Î @ WH› ø _È ä › ½ ~Œ=•‹² # J=‹¬~¡O LO_È^ΰ. 7. They will not have to come here hereafter. =KÍ"ó Œ~¡O. D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ ~ö „¬ô. She will not have to do this private job hereafter. J`Ç _ È ° WH› g °^Î @ =¶ä› ½ money „¬O„¬=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O LO_È^ΰ. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx =°i†Í°W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^³#á #¶ =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ K͆°Ç =•‹²# J=‹¬~O¡ LO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Will not have to + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. "Í ° =ò WH› g °^Î @ J`Ç x ‹¬ ‚ ¬ ð †Ç ° O HË~¡=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O …è^ΰ. I will not have to go to office tomorrow. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ K͆°Ç =•‹²# J=‹¬~= ¡ ò LO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. Plural U^³á##¶ 'Will not have to' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. =°#=ò D ª•i J`Çx„Ì á depend J==•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O LO_È^ΰ. h=ô ö~„¬ô WH›ø_È䛽 ~Œ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O …è^ΰ. We will not have to pay house tax here after. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. 8. 275 6. P"³ ° WH› # °Oz D private job K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O LO_È^ΰ. You will not have to face this problem hereafter. =¶ brother WH›#°Oz night duty H÷ attend J==•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O LO_È^ΰ. 10. h=ô ö ~ „¬ ô "ŒiH÷ `Ë_È ° Qê "³ ˆ × ¤ = •‹² # J=‹¬~¡O LO_È^ΰ. We won't have to seek his help hereafter. I won't have to depend on him hereafter. K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O LO_È^ΰ. J J J J „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~°¡ K͆°Ç =•‹²# J=‹¬~= ¡ ò LO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. <Í#° WH›g°^Î@ J`Çx„ Ì á P^•¥~¡„_ ¬ È =•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O…è^ΰ.

. 15. 4. 16. wait K͆ǰ=•‹²# You won't have to wait for us : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 14. <Í # ° ö ~ „¬ ô leave apply KÍ † Ç ° =•‹² # J=‹¬~¡O LO_È^ΰ. 5. 6. "Í°=ò =°~¡• J`Çxx H›•°=#=‹¬~¡O…è^ΰ. 12. 11. 2. J`Ç_È° =°~¡• "Œi permission f‹¬°Hù# =•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O =ôO_È^ΰ. g°~¡° ö~„¬ô =¶ HË‹¬O J=‹¬~¡O =ôO_È^ΰ. g°~¡ ° =¶ä› ½ JH› ø _È =‹¬ u H›eæOKÇ#=‹¬~¡O…è^ΰ. 13. P"³ ° ö ~ „¬ ô =¶`Ë Nellore ä› ½ ~Œ#=‹¬~¡O…è^ΰ. <Í#° WH› D J=‹¬~¡O…è^ΰ. "Œ~¡° WH› =¶ä›½ Ug° pay K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O LO_È^ΰ. "Œ~¡° WH› #°Oz electricity bill pay K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O =ôO_È^ΰ. 13. g°~¡° WH› =¶ä›½ help K͆ǰ#=‹¬~¡O…è^ΰ. 18. 17. medicine f‹¬°HË=•‹²# I won't have to take this medicine hereafter. Z 276 . 3. 15. You won't have to fear to him hereafter. KÍ † Ç ° =•‹² # stay They won't have to stay there tomorrow. 14. You will not have to remind me again and again. =¶ brother H÷ <Í#° next month #°O_• money „¬O„¬=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O =ôO_È^ΰ. "Œ~¡ ° nexttime =¶ä› ½ K͆ǰ#=‹¬~¡O =ôO_È^ΰ. "Í ° =ò ö ~ „¬ ô Maths class H÷ attend J==•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O…è^ΰ. "Í°=ò D <³•…Õ WOH› Ug° Hù#=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O =ôO_È^ΰ. P"³° WH› notes prepare K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O…è^ΰ. 20. tomorrow. worry She won't have to worry about her pass. 19. h=ô <Œä›½ „¬^Í„¬^Í remind K͆ǰ#=‹¬~¡O …è^ΰ. P"³ ° `Ç # pass Q® ° iOz Hê#=‹¬~¡O…è^ΰ. g°~¡° WH› #°Oz J`ÇxH÷ ƒ•’†°Ç „¬_= È •‹²# J=‹¬~¡O…è^ΰ. We won't have to meet him again. 1. support They won't have to support us next time. Barking dogs seldom bite. J`Ç _ È ° ö ~ „¬ ô document Ì „ á sign K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O…è^ΰ. g°~¡° WH› WH›ø_È䛽 ~Œ#=‹¬~¡O =ôO_È^ΰ. P†Ç°# WH› =°=òà•#° ‡é+²OKÇ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O =ôO_È^ΰ. P"³ ° next two "³ˆ×¤#=‹¬~¡O…è^ΰ. 9. J`Ç_È° WH› Z=ih J=‹¬~¡O…è^ΰ. care K͆ǰ=•‹²# He won't have to care anyone hereafter. 12. 10. 8. 11. weeks college H÷ She won't have to go to college next two weeks. 7. <Í#° =°~¡• test 䛽 prepare J==•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O…è^ΰ. "Œ~¡ ° ö ~ „¬ ô JH› ø _È J=‹¬~¡O …è^ΰ.

=KÍ<ó •³ …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx =°i†Í°W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³á##° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡=ò#ß XH› „¬xx ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Will + have to + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. You. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ =°#=ò K͆°Ç =•‹²# J=‹¬~= ¡ òO_È° XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. It. h=ô WH› #°Oz g° business KǶ‹¬°Hù#=•‹²=ôO@°O^¥ ? 7.. Will she have to take this medicine next month also ? "Œ~¡° ö~„¬ô JH›ø_È guests #° receive KÇ^ΰ==•‹²=ôO@°O^¥ ? "³ˆ×¤=•‹²=ôO@°O^¥ ? f‹¬°Hù#=•‹²=ôO@°O^¥ ? KÍ‹¬°Hù#=•‹²=ôO@°O^¥ ? Will they have to receive the guests there tomorrow ? . She. D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ. Shall I have to come here again ? =°#=ò next week exam fee pay K͆ǰ=•‹² LO@°O^¥? Shall we have to pay exam fee next week ? g°~¡° next week ‡•s“ Hê~¡¼ãH›=°=ò…Õ participate K͆ǰ=•‹² LO@°O^¥? Will you have to participate in the party programme next week ? g° brother next month Hyderabad …Õ training ‡ÚO^Î=•‹² =ôO@°O^¥ ? Will your brother have to undergo training in Hyderabad next week ? "Œ~¡° =KÍó <³• loan clear K͆ǰ=•‹² =ôO@°O^¥ ? Will they have to clear the loan next month ? 277 6. =KÍ"ó Œ~¡O. 4. <Í # ° ö ~ „¬ ô =°~¡ … WH› ø _È ä › ½ ~Œ=•‹² LO@°O^¥? 2. Will you have to accompany your parents to your village tomorrow ? P"³° next month 䛕_¨ D medicine 10. * Note : I. ~ö „¬ô. They Subject Qê L#ß„¬ô_È° 'Will + have to' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. h=ô ö~„¬ô g° T~¡° "³ˆ×¤=•‹² LO@°O^¥ ? g°~¡° next Sunday test ã"Œ†Ç°=•‹² LO@°O^¥ ? J`Ç_È° ö~„¬ô Manager #° consult J==•‹² LO@°O^¥ ? P"³° =°~¡• WH›ø_È䛽 ~Œ=•‹² LO@°O^¥ ? J J J J „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ =°#=ò K͆°Ç =•‹²# J=‹¬~= ¡ òO_È° XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. We. He. subject Qê L#ß„¬ô_È° 'Shall + have to' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. EXAMPLES 1. Will you have to look after your business hereafter ? P"³ ° next year university …Õ 8. 3. 5. Will she have to study in the university next year ? h=ô ~ö „¬ô g° parents 䛽 `Ë_È°Qê g° T~¡° 9.

g°~¡ ° next month D house Mìm K͆ǰ=•‹² =ôO@°O^¥ ? 5.. =°#=ò JH›ø_•H÷ =°~¡• Z„¬C_È° "³ˆ¤= × •‹² =ôO@°Ok ? 14. P"³° certificates enclose K͆ǰ=•‹² =ôO@°O^¥? 7. J`Ç_È° =°~¡• ö~„¬ô WH›ø_È䛽 ~Œ=•‹² =ôO@°O^¥ ? 6. Howmuch amount shall we have to deposit first ? Degree `Ç~¡°"Œ`Ç g° brother U course 18. J`Ç_°È ~ËA䛽 10 Q®O@•° „¬xK͆°Ç =•‹² =ôO@°O^¥ ? 10. "Œ~¡ ° ö ~ „¬ ô penalty K³ e Á O KÇ = •‹² =ôO@°O^¥ ? 8. 20. EXERCISE 'Wh' QUESTIONS 11. g°~¡° next June …Õ entrance test 䛽 appear J==•‹² =ôO@°O^¥? 9. =°#=ò D work D ~Ë*è finish K͆ǰ=•‹² =ôO@°O^¥ ? 4. 14. P"³ ° next year hostel …Õ stay …Õ K͆ǰ=•‹² =ôO@°O^¥ ? 11. Z 278 . g°~¡° D course 䛽 ZO`Ç donation pay K͆ǰ=•‹² =ôO@°Ok? 13. When will you have to go to Chennai again ? "Œ~¡ ° ö ~ „¬ ô JH› ø _È meeting …Õ Uq° discuss K͆ǰ=•‹² =ôO@°Ok ? What will they have to discuss in the meeting tomorrow ? =°#=ò =òO^ΰQê ZO`Ç amount deposit 17. Appearances are often deceptive. =°#=ò Delhi KÍ~°¡ Hù#°@䛽 train …Õ Zxß ~ËA•° ㄬ†Ç°}O K͆ǰ=•‹² =ôO@°Ok ? 15. consult Where shall we have to consult the Manager tomorrow ? =°#=ò D loan Z„¬C_È° clear K͆°Ç =•‹² =ôO@°Ok ? When shall we have to clear this loan? g°~¡° WOHê Zxß ~ËA•° classes 䛽 attend J==•‹²=ôO@°Ok ? Howmany more days will you have to attend the classes ? h=ô =°~¡ • Chennai Z„¬ C _È ° "³ˆ×¤=•‹²=ôO@°Ok ? 16. "Œ~¡° D report ZH›ø_È submit K͆ǰ =•‹²=ôO@°Ok ? 12. 1. <Í # ° ö ~ „¬ ô duty H÷ attend J==•‹² =ôO@°O^¥ ? 2. : 94406 16425 K͆ǰ=•‹² =ôO@°Ok ? K͆ǰ=•‹² =ôO@°Ok ? KÇ^ΰ==•‹²=ôO@°Ok ? Howmany more years will you have to study in this college ? g° brother army …Õ WOHê Zxß ‹¬O=`Ç•~Œ•° work K͆°Ç =•‹² =ôO@°Ok? Howmany more years will your brother have to work in the army ? Orders HË‹¬O =°#=ò WOHê Zxß ~ËA•° wait K͆ǰ=•‹² =ôO@°Ok ? Howmany more days shall we have to wait for the orders ? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 19. Which course will your brother have to do after Degree ? h=ô D college …Õ WOHê Zxß ‹¬O=`Ç•~Œ•° 15. "Í ° =ò =°~¡ • manager #° consult J==•‹² =ôO@°O^¥ ? 3. 13. ~ö „¬ô =°#=ò magager #° ZH›ø_È J==•‹²=ôO@°Ok ? 12. "³ e QùO_È project construction „¬ î ië K͆ǰ@䛽 Zxß crores Y~¡°ó K͆ǰ=•‹² =ôO@°Ok.

She. h=ô next month g° brother H÷ „¬O„¬=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O=ôO_È^¥? 2. P"³ ° tH› Æ } ‡ÚO^Î = •‹² # J=‹¬ ~ ¡ O =ôO_È^¥? 5. h=ô ö~„¬ô leave apply K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡=òO_È^¥? g°~¡° rent pay K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O =ôO_È^¥? J`Ç_°È D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O hostel …Õ LO_È=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡OLO_È^¥? "Œ~¡° D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O =°~¡• licence ‡ÚO^Î=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O=ôO_È^¥? J J J J „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ XH›~°¡ K͆°Ç =•‹²# J=‹¬~= ¡ òO_Èx „¬#°•#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡=ò …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³#á #° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ K͆°Ç =•‹²# J=‹¬~=¡ ò …èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Won't + have to + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ XH›~°¡ K͆°Ç =•‹²# J=‹¬~O¡ =ôO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. Won't she have to under go training? "Œ~¡ ° next time amount deposit K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O=ôO_È^¥? Won't they have to deposit the amount next time ? 279 money Won't you have to send money to your brother next month? Won't you have to come here hereafter? 8. EXAMPLES 1. =KÍó <³•. They J~ò#„¬C_È° "Won't have to " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. g°~¡° WH› WH›ø_È䛽 ~Œ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O =ôO_È^¥? 3. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject I. D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ J#Qê ~ö „¬ô.. J`Ç_È° ö~„¬ô "ŒiH÷ `Ë_È°Qê "³ˆ×¤=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O=ôO_È^¥? Won't he have to accompany them tomorrow? 9. h=ô ö ~ „¬ ô JH› ø _È "Œix H› • °==•‹² # J=‹¬~¡O=ôO_È^¥? 6. Subject He. Won't you have to meet them there tomorrow? g°~¡ ° next week report submit 7. =KÍ"ó Œ~¡O. It. g°~¡° WH› "Œi`Ë KÇióOKÇ=•‹¬²# J=‹¬~¡O =ôO_È^¥ ? Won't you have to discuss with them hereafter? . "Œ~¡° WH› J`Çx„ Ì á P^•¥~¡„_ ¬ = È •‹²# J=‹¬~O¡ =ôO_È^¥? Won't they have to depend on him hereafter? 10. Won't you have to submit the report next week? J`Ç _ È ° next year donation pay K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O=ôO_È^¥? K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O=ôO_È^¥? Won't he have to pay donation next year? 4. We J~ò#„¬C_È° "Shalln't have to" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.

h=ô entrance test ä› ½ coaching f‹¬°HË=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽O_È^ΰ? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 280 . Why won't you have to pay the bill next time? J`Ç_È° job H÷ try K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O 14. Why won't you have to take coaching for the entrance test? g°~¡° next time bill pay K͆ǰ=•‹²# 13. P"³° Dª•i ‚¬ð‹²æ@…˜…Õ LO_È=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O=ôO_È^¥ ? 10. g°~¡° WH›g°^Î@ g° T~¡° "³ˆ×¤=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽=ôO_È^ΰ ? Why won't you have to go to your village hereafter? 18. h=ô ö~„¬ô study class H›÷ ZO^ΰ䛽 attend Hê#=‹¬~¡O…è^ΰ ? 12. "Œ~¡ ° D ‹¬ O =`Ç • ~¡ O practicals K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O…è^¥ ? 11. P"³° WH› "ŒiO\ÕÁ ZO^ΰ䛽 „¬xK͆¶ Ç e•# J=‹¬~¡O =ôO_È^ΰ ? 14. Why won't she have to seek their help hereafter? "Œ~¡° ö~„¬ô duty H÷ attend J==•‹² # J=‹¬~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽O_È^ΰ? Why won't they have to attend the duty tomorrow? 1. g°~¡ ° =KÍ ó <³ • bill ZO^Î ° ä› ½ pay K͆ǰ#=‹¬~¡O…è^ΰ ? 13. "Œ~¡ ° WH› g °^Î @ WH› ø _È LO_È = •‹² # J=‹¬~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽O_È^ΰ? 16. J=‹¬~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽O_È^ΰ? ZO^ΰ䛽O_È^ΰ? Why won't he have to try for a job? P"³ ° WH› g°^Î @ doctor #° consult J==•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽=ôO_È^ΰ? Why won't she have to consult the doctor hereafter? 15. g°~¡ ° ã „ ¬ ` Í ¼ H› O Qê P „¬ s H› Æ ä › ½ prepare Hê#=‹¬~¡O …è^¥ ? 8. : 94406 16425 'Wh' QUESTIONS EXERCISE 11. J`Ç_È° =°~¡• WH›ø_È䛽 ~Œ#=‹¬~¡O…è^¥ ? 4. g°~¡° ö~„¬ô programme …Õ ‡•…ç¾#=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O…è^¥ ? 3. "Œ~¡° WH› P game ZO^ΰ䛽 practise K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O=ôO_È^ΰ ? 15.. P"³° WH›#°Oz "Œi ‹¬‚¬ð†Ç°O HË~¡=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽O_È^ΰ? 19. P"³° WH› medicine f‹¬°HË#=‹¬~¡O…è^¥? 5. h=ô ö~„¬ô office 䛽 "³ˆ×¤=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O …è^¥? 2. Why won't they have to stay here hereafter? h=ô "Œi permission f‹¬°H›ù#=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽…è^ΰ? Why won't you have to take their permission? 17. P†Ç°# D document „ Ì á sign K͆°Ç =•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O…è^¥ ? 9. h=ô books H›ù#=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O…è^¥ ? 7. 12. g°~¡ ° WH› #°Oz J`Ç x H÷ money „¬O„¬=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽O_È^ΰ ? Z Self help is the best help. "Œ~¡ ° WH› q°ye# instalments pay K͆ǰ#=‹¬~¡O…è^¥ ? 6.

Ex : 4. POSITIVE FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°ë…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ K͆ǰ=•‹²# J=‹¬~¡=òO_È° XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Will have to + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Will they have to vacate this house next month? NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ K͆°Ç =•‹²# J=‹¬~= ¡ òO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Won't have to + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Won't you have to clear this loan? Won't you have to pay any donation? Won't he have to resign to this post? Won't they have to vacate this house next month? . Negative Form 3. 2. QUESTION FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ K͆°Ç =•‹²# J=‹¬~= ¡ òO_È° XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Will have to + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 4. They will not have to make arrangements for us. 2. nx…Õ =°#=ò 1. 3.. Positive Form 2. : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D ~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ 'Will have to' Q®°iOz <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. Negative Question Form J#° 4 parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. I will not have to meet him there tomorrow. 1. 4. Ex : 281 1. Will he have to explain to them this matter again? 4. Ex : 2. 2. Will you have to receive the guests tomorrow? 3. He will not have to do any job hereafter. 3. He will have to undergo training next month. 1. I will have to work hard next year. 4. Will you have to enclose the certificates? 2. 3. Question Form 4. NEGATIVE FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ K͆°Ç =•‹²# J=‹¬~= ¡ òO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Will not have to + I form of the Verb " L„¬†¶ ³ yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. D 4 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò. We will have to face this problem one more year. They will have to pay the bill tomorrow. We will not have to take risk hereafter. Ex : 3. 1. 1.

Transfer transfered transfered 578. . Negative Form. Threaten threatened threatened 572. Swallow swallowed swallowed 566. Surrender surrendered surrendered 563. F~¡°óH›ù#°@ <Œ}ÿ=ò ZQ®°~¡"͆Çò@ `Œä›½@ =°i†³òH› KË\÷H÷=¶~¡°ó@ J#°=kOKÇ°@ ㄬ†Ç¶}=ò K͆Çò@ P^ÎiOKÇ°. Thank thanked thanked 571. I Form II Form III Form 561. Talk talked talked 569. Question Form. Survive survived survived 564. Touch touched touched 577. Surprise surprised surprised 562. Toss tossed tossed 576. Tolerate tolerated tolerated 575. Tire tired tired 574. Tackle tackled tackled 568. : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs.. Tease teased teased 570. Swirl swirled swirled 567. Suspect suspected suspected 565. zH÷`•Ç K͆ò Ç @ …Õx Positive Form. Negative Question Form ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 4 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. Spoken English lesson Z 282 Donot rely on others for everything. "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O. Translate translated translated 579. Treat treated treated D ~ËA Meaning P‰×ó~¡¼„¬~¡KÇ°@ …çOy‡é=ô@ ã|uH÷†ÇòO_È°@ J#°=¶#„¬_È°@ ãq°OQ®°@ y~¡y~¡u~¡°Q®°@ ‹¬=¶oOKÇ°@ =¶\ìÁ_È°@ ƒìk•OKÇ°@ H›$`Ç[ý`Ç`³•°„¬ô@ ƒÿkiOKÇ°@ H›@°“@ J•‹¬@K³O^ΰ@ ‹¬‚²ìOKÇ°@. Tie tied tied 573. Travel travelled travelled 580.

We.. She wants to study M. Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO XH›~¡° K͆ǰ=…ÿ#x J#°Hù#°KÇ°#ß „¬#°• Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ° KÇ°#ßq. We want to settle down in this town. =¶ brother D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O USA 5. KÍ † Ç ¶ •x She wants to do B. He. "Œ~¡° D ª•i Annual day KŒ…ì grand Qê celebrate K͆Ƕ•#° 䛽O@°<Œß~¡°. She. 7. this year. My brother wants to go to the USA this year. They want to celebrate annual day very grand this year. J#°ä›½O@°<Œß~¡°. =¶ brother D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O USA "³ˆì¤•x J#°ä›½O@°<Œß_È°. D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° K͆ǰ=…ÿ#x J#°Hù#°KÇ°#ß XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Want to + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ Subject.Subject Qê L#ß„¬ô_È° 'Wants to' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. <Í#° Group-I „¬sH›Æ䛽 appear J"Œ•#° 䛽O@°<Œß#°. D <³•. J J J J <Í#° computer course join J==…ÿ##° 䛽O@°<Œß#°. 283 6. It. My brother wants to join MBA this year. B. 8. You. : 94406 16425 WANT TO XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë = Ç ò K͆°Ç =…ÿ#x J#°Hù#°KÇ°#ß XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ° KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. P"³° D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O Guntur …Õ M. . "Í°=ò D town …Õ business start K͆Ƕ•#°ä›½O@°<Œß=ò.Sc. 9. "Í°=ò D town …Õ<Í settle 3. <Í # ° D ~ËA <³ • ¶Á ~ ¡ ° "³ ˆ ì¤ • x J#°ä›½O@°<Œß#°. "Œ~¡° K³<³áß…Õ business start K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½O@°<Œß=ò. I want to go to Nellore today. I want to appear for Group-I examinations.I. EXAMPLES 1. KÇ^Î"Œ•x J#°ä›½O@°#ßk. =¶ brother D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O MBA join 4.L. We want to buy a house this year. D q^•Î=òQê „ã ‹¬ °¬ `ë OÇ =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò# D ~ËA. P"³° BL K͆Ƕ•#°ä›½O@°#ßk. They want to start business in Chennai. 2. "³ˆì¤#°ä›½O@°<Œß_È°.Sc in Guntur this year.L. They Qê L#ß„¬ô_È° 'Want to' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 10. P"³° D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O J#°ä›½O@°#ßk. . J"Œ•x J"Œ•x J#°ä›½O@°<Œß_È°. "Í°=ò D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O house Hù<Œ•#° 䛽O@°<Œß=ò.

Z Jack of all trades. N KÇOã^΃ì|° =°~¡• 䛽„¬æO #°O_• JÌ‹OcÁH÷ ‡é\© K͆Ƕ•#°ä›½O@°<Œß~¡°. My father wants to resign to his job. Sri Chandra Babu wants to contest to the Assembly from Kuppam again. 11. "Í°=ò D <³• u~¡°=°• visit K͆Ƕ•x 20. We want to visit Tirumala this month. They want to vacate this house this month.Ed entrance test. 5. : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. They want to open a branch in Nellore this month. 2. I want to become a mechanical engineer. I want to go to my native place this week. My sister wants to appear for B. 13. 8. 11. "Œ~¡° D ~ËA D q+¬†Ç°O serious Qê discuss K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½O@°<Œß~¡°. K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½O@°<Œß~¡°. 1. My brother wants to try for the teacher post this time. "Œ~¡° D ‹¬Ö•O…Õ shopping complex construct K͆Ƕ•#°ä›½O@°<Œß~¡°. P"³° K³<³ßå…Õ eye specialist #° H›•"Œ•#° 䛽O@°#ßk. 13.. I want to help my friend in this matter. "Í°=ò ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO English <Í~¡°óHË"Œ•x J#°ä›½O@°<Œß=ò. "Œ~¡° D <³•…Õ <³•¶Á~¡°…Õ branch open 16. 3. "Í°=ò D <³• Bangalore visit K͆¶ Ç •#° 䛽O@°<Œß=ò. <Í#° D ~ËA "ŒiH÷ D q+¬†Ç°O inform K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½O@°<Œß#°. <Í#° D "Œ~¡O =¶ native place H÷ "³ˆì¤•x 17. 284 . =¶ brother car Hù<Œ•#°HùO@°<Œß_È°. master of none. J#°ä›½O@°<Œß#°. 4. =¶ father D"Œ~¡O rest f‹¬°HË"Œ•x J#°ä›½O@°<Œß~¡°. "Œ~¡° D <³• D house vacate K͆¶ Ç •x 19. 10. 9.Ed entrance test 䛽 appear 15. <Í#° D q+¬†Ç°O…Õ =¶ friend H÷ help J"Œ•x J#°ä›½O@°#ßk. <Í#° Dª•i Q®\“÷ x~¡† â °Ç O f‹¬°HË"Œ•x J#°ä›½O@°<Œß#°. K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½O@°<Œß#°. =¶ father `Ç # job H÷ resign 18. <Í # ° "³ ° HêxH› … ˜ WO[h~¡ ° J"Œ•x J#°ä›½O@°<Œß#°. 6. J#°ä›½O@°<Œß=ò. "Í°=ò D <³•…Õ lessons Jhß revise K͆Ƕ•#°ä›½O@°<Œß=ò. P"³° Dª•i function H÷ JO^Îih invite K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½O@°#ßk. <Í # ° D ª•i EAMCET coaching f‹¬°HË"Œ•x J#°ä›½O@°<Œß#°. K͆Ƕ•#°ä›½O@°<Œß~¡°. =¶ sister B. 15. <Í#° D ~ËA bank #°O_• money draw K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½O@°<Œß#°. "Œ~¡° D~ËA =°^•¥¼‚¬ìßO shopping K͆Ƕ•#°ä›½O@°<Œß~¡°. 12. 7. J#°ä›½O@°<Œß~¡°. =¶ brother Dª•i teacher post H÷ try K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½O@°<Œß_È°. 14. 14. P"³° D "Œ~¡O leave 䛽 apply K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½O@°#ßk. 12.

"Œ~¡ ° D q+¬ † Ç ° O…Õ J`Ç x H÷ K͆Ƕ•#°HË=_ÈO…è^ΰ. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë = Ç ò XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ K͆°Ç =…ÿ#x J#°Hù#x XH›„x ¬ x Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. "Œ~¡° Z䛽ø= amount business …Õ invest K͆Ƕ•#°HË=@O…è^ΰ. Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° =°#=ò ㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç=ò XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ K͆ǰ=…ÿ#x J#°Hù#x XH›„¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. D q^•Î=òQê „ã ‹¬ °¬ `ë OÇ =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò# D ~ËA. D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° K͆ǰ=…ÿ#x J#°Hù#°KÇ°#ß XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Don't / Doesn't + want to + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 8.. =¶ father D business continue K͆Ƕ•#°HË=_ÈO …è^ΰ. "Í°=ò D town …Õ settle J"Œ•#°HË=@O …è^ΰ. You. P"³° studies continue K͆¶ Ç •#°HË=@O …è^ΰ. 2. EXAMPLES 1. J J J J <Í#° D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O D Hê…èl…Õ KÇ^"Î Œ•#° HË=_ÈO …è^°Î . join J"Œ•#°HË=@O I don't want to join this company. She doesnot want to continue her studies. 10. . D <³•. <Í#° D H›OÌ„h…Õ …è^ΰ. We. We don't want to settle down in this town. =¶ brother opportunity x KÍ‹¬°HË"Œ•#°HË=@O…è^ΰ. He. 3. She. It. P"³° WH›ø_È stay K͆¶ Ç •#°HË=@O …è^°Î . They Subject Qê L#ß„¬ô_È° 'Donot want to' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 9. . help They don't want to help him in this matter. P"³° D function 䛽 "Œix invite K͆Ƕ•#° HË=_ÈO …è^ΰ. <Í#° WH›ø_È time waste K͆¶ Ç •#°HË=_ÈO …è^ΰ. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx I. miss My brother doesnot want to miss the opportunity. They don't want to invest much amount on business. J`Ç_È° job K͆Ƕ•#°HË=@O …è^ΰ. 285 6. I don't want to waste my time here. 5. 7. 4.Subject Qê L#ß„¬ô_È° 'Does not want to' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. We don't want to interefere in his matter. She doesnot want to stay here. "Í°=ò ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO WH›ø_È stay K͆Ƕ•#°HË=_ÈO …è^ΰ. "Í°=ò J`Çx q+¬†Ç°O *ÕH›¼O KÍ‹¬°HË"Œ• #°HË=@O …è^ΰ. He doesnot want to do job.

"Í°=ò D ª•i P hotel …Õ stay K͆¶ Ç •x J#°HË=@O…è^ΰ. 17. risk f‹¬ ° HË"Œ•x They don't want to take risk this time. 8. 14.. "Í°=ò D train …Õ ã„¬†Ç°}O K͆Ƕ•x J#°HË=@O…è^ΰ. J`Ç_È° D ~ËA =¶`Ë picnic ~Œ"Œ•x J#°HË=@O …è^ΰ. 20. attend We don't want to attend that function today. 7. 286 . P"³° D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O birthday celebrate K͆Ƕ•#°HË=_ÈO…è^ΰ. "Œ~¡ ° Dª•i J#°HË=_ÈO…è^ΰ. 15. 16. 14. 12. 2. P"³° D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O Hê…èl…Õ join J"Œ•x J#°HË=_ÈO…è^ΰ. <Í # ° D ~ËA "Œo¤ O \÷ H ÷ "³ ˆ ì¤ • x J#°HË=@O …è^ΰ. 13. 12. <Œä›½ Dª•i competition …Õ ‡•…ç¾<Œ•x …è^ΰ. I don't want to participate in the competitions this time. J`Ç _ È ° hä› ½ ‚¬ ð x KÍ † Ç ¶ •x J#°HË=@O…è^ΰ. <Í # ° D <³ • =¶=î~¡ ° "³ ˆ ì¤ • x J#°HË=_ÈO…è^ΰ. J`Ç _ È ° D ~ËA =¶`Ë ~Œ"Œ•x J#°HË=@O …è^ΰ. 10. 15. 11. 3. "Í°=ò q°=òà•#° W|ÄOk Ì„@“=…ÿ#x J#°HË=@O…è^ΰ. "Í ° =ò J`Ç x q+¬ † Ç ° O…Õ interefere J"Œ•#°HË=@O …è^ΰ. He doesnot want to contest in the elections this time.Ed. 5. : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. "Í°=ò Dª•i J`Çx ‹¬‚𬠆ǰO HË~Œ•x J#°HË=_ÈO…è^ΰ. We don't want to seek his help this time. 4. He doesnot want to come with us today. 19. She doesnot want to celebrate her birthday this year. "Í°=ò D ~ËA P function H÷ J"Œ•#°HË=_ÈO…è^ΰ. <Í#° D college …Õ KÇ^Î"Œ•#°HË=@O …è^ΰ. "Œ~¡ ° D ª•i J`Ç x ‹¬ • ‚¬ ð f‹¬°HË"Œ•#°HË=@O …è^ΰ. 9. =¶ brother D ª•i B. I don't want to go to my village this month. <Í#° D ~ËA computer class H÷ attend J"Œ•#°HË=@O …è^ΰ. 6. 1. "Í°=ò D ª•i ZxßH•› …Õ P ‡•s“H÷ vote "͆Ƕ•x J#°HË=@O …è^ΰ. 11. 13. entrance 䛽 coaching f‹¬°HË"Œ•x J#°HË=@O…è^ΰ. "Œ~¡° Dª•i \Õ~¡ß"°³ O\˜• x~¡Þ‚²ìOKŒ•x J#°HË=_ÈO…è^ΰ. They don't want to conduct the tournments this time. Z There is a thorn behind every rose. P"³ ° „² • Á • #° „² H ÷ ß H ± ä › ½ „¬ O ‡••x J#°HË=@O …è^ΰ. "Í°=ò D books follow J"Œ•#° HË=@O …è^ΰ. P†Ç°# Dª•i ZxßH•› …Õ ‡é\© K͆¶ Ç •x J#°HË=@O …è^ΰ. 18. She doesnot want to join college this year. P"³° D ª•i function H÷ "Œix invite K͆Ƕ•x J#°HË=@O …è^ΰ.

You. g°~¡° D ~ËA '=~¡ÂOÑ ‹²x=¶ KǶ_¨•x J#°ä›½O@°<Œß~Œ? 3.I exam? "Œ~¡° K³<³ßåH÷ train …Õ travel K͆Ƕ•x 5. D <³•. Do you want to do B.Subject Qê L#ß„¬ô_È° 'Do + want to' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.Subject Qê L#ß„¬ô_È° 'Does + want to' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. this year? g°~¡° Hyderabad …Õ settle J"Œ•#°Hù#° 7. KÍ † Ç ¶ •x 6. D q^•Î=òQê „ã ‹¬ °¬ `ë OÇ =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò# D ~ËA. h=ô lawyer J"ŒÞ•#°HùO@°<Œß"Œ? Do you want to become a lawyer? 2. Does your brother want to start business here? P"³° D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O hostel …Õ stay 9. She. EXAMPLES 1.L. D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° K͆ǰ=…ÿ#x J#°Hù#°KÇ°#ß XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Do/Does + want to + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë = Ç ò K͆°Ç =…ÿ#x J#°Hù#°KÇ°#ß XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ° KÇ°O^ΰ=ò.. Does he want to apply for leave today? P"³ ° Group-I „¬ s H› Æ • ä› ½ HËzOQ· 10. h=ô D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O J#°Hù#°KÇ°<Œß"Œ? B.L. It. Do you want to see the film "Varsham" today? P†Ç°# D ~ËA leave apply K͆Ƕ•x 4. We. KÇ°<Œß~Œ? K͆Ƕ•#°ä›½O@°<Œß_¨? K͆Ƕ•x J#°HùO@°#ß^¥? Does she want to stay in the hostel this year ? "Œ~¡° D <³• new house …ÕxH÷ shift J"Œ•x J#°ä›½O@°<Œß~Œ? Do they want to shift to the new house this month? 287 J#°ä›½O@°<Œß_¨? f‹¬°HË"Œ•x J#°ä›½O@°#ß^¥? J#°ä›½O@°<Œß~Œ? Do they want to travel to Chennai by train? . Do you want to settle down in Hyderabad ? g° brother WH› ø _È business start 8. . * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx I. Does she want to take coaching for the Group . g°~¡° ‹Ì •=ô•…Õ Mysore visit K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½O@°<Œß~Œ? h=ô D "Œ~¡O computer course join J"Œ•x J#°ä›½O@°<Œß"Œ? P"³° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO g° office …Õ job K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½O@°#ß^¥? "Œ~¡° D<³• tour "³ˆì¤•x J#°ä›½O@°<Œß~Œ? J J J J Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç=ò K͆ǰ=…ÿ#x J#°Hù#°KÇ°#ß XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. He. They .

g°~¡° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO U place visit K͆Ƕ•#° 䛽O@°<Œß~¡° ? 13. Which course do you want to do in these holidays ? g°~¡° D ª•i summer holidays ZH›ø_È 15. g°~¡° D ~ËA Mourya Hotel …Õ dinner f‹¬°HË"Œ•x J#°ä›½O@°<Œ~Œ ? 2. g°~¡° students H÷ D summer holidays …Õ tour organize KÍ † Ç ¶ •x J#°ä›½O@°<Œß~Œ? 8. g° brother govt. P†Ç°# High court …Õ lawyer Qê practice K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½O@°<Œß~Œ? 10. J`Ç_È° D q+¬†Ç°O…Õ Z=i ‹¬‚¬ð†Ç°O f‹¬°HË"Œ•x J#°ä›½O@°<Œß_È°? 18. h=ô 䛕_¨ =¶`Ë D room …Õ stay K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½O@°<Œß"Œ? 7. J`Ç _ È ° Delhi Z„¬ C _È ° "³ ˆ ì¤ • x J#°ä›½O@°<Œß_È° ? 14. h=ô W„¬ C _È ° D job ZO^Î ° ä› ½ =ke "͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½O@°<Œß=ô ? 12. 20. 12. job H÷ try K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½O@°<Œß_¨ ? 4. g° parents x#°ß central school …Õ admit K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½O@°<Œß~Œ? 9. P"³ ° nursing school x~¡ Þ ‚² ì OKŒ•x J#°ä›½O@°#ß^¥ ? 11. Where do you want to study this year? g°~¡ ° manager x Z„¬ C _È ° consult 13. When do you want to consult the Manager ? h=ô D Ì ‹ •=ô•…Õ U course 14. Whose help does he want to seek in this matter ? "Œ~¡° ZH›ø_È settle J"Œ•x J#°ä›½O@° <Œß~¡°? Where do they want to settle down? g°~¡° D~ËA marriage …Õ bride H÷ Uq° present K͆Ƕ•#°Hù#°KÇ°<Œß~¡°? What do you want to present to the bride in the marriage today? J`Ç _ È ° W„¬ C _È ° Hyderabad Z…ì KÍ~Œ•#°ä›½O@°<Œß_È° ? How does he want to reach Hyderabd now ? 1. Why does your brother want to resign to his job? P"³ ° W„¬ C _È ° D shop …Õ Uq° J"Œ•x J#°ä›½O@°<Œß~¡°? K͆Ƕ•#°ä›½O@°<Œß=ô? Q®_‡È ••x J#°ä›½O@°<Œß~°¡ ? K͆Ƕ•#°HùO@°<Œß_È° ? Hù<Œ•#°ä›½O@°#ßk ? What does she want to buy in the shop now ? 17. h=ô D "Œ~¡O computer course join J"Œ•x J#°ä›½O@°<Œß"Œ ? 3.. g°~¡° D problem Z…ì solve K͆Ƕ•#° 䛽O@°<Œß~¡°? 15. 19. g° mother D ~ËA guests 䛽 U special item `Ç † Ç ¶ ~¡ ° KÍ † Ç ¶ •x J#°ä› ½ O@° <Œß~¡° ? Z Money is a good servant but a bad master. : 94406 16425 'Wh' QUESTIONS EXERCISE 11. Where do you want to spend your summer holidays this time? g° brother job H÷ ZO^Î ° ä› ½ resign 16. "Œ~¡° D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O Q®°O@¶~¡°…Õ house construct K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½O@°<Œß~Œ? 6. P"³ ° D <³ • …Õ necklace Hù<Œ•x J#°ä›½O@°#ß^¥? 5. h=ô D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O ZH›ø_È KÇ^Î"Œ•x J#°ä›½O@°<Œß=ô? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 288 .

D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡=ò =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° K͆°Ç =…ÿ#x J#°H›ù#x XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ „ã t¬ ßOKÇ°@#° Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Don't + Doesn't + want to + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. It J~ò#„¬C_È° "Doesn't + want to " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Doesn't he want to try for a job at present? P"³° D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O studies continue 5. Don't you want to join college this year? "Œ~¡ ° D ª•i test H÷ appear 3. h=ô D~ËA =¶`Ë ~Œ"Œ•#°HË=@O…è^¥? party H÷ 7. Don't you want to discuss this matter with him ? g°~¡ ° D~ËA WH› ø _È stay KÍ † Ç ¶ •#° HË=@O…è^¥? Don't you want to stay here today? . * EXAMPLES 1. D <³•. D q^•Î=òQê ㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç=ò D~ËA. g°~¡° J`Çx`Ë D q+¬†Ç°O KÇióOKŒ•#° HË=@O…è^¥? 10. h=ô D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡=ò D college …Õ KÇ^Î"Œ•#°HË=@O …è^¥? g°~¡° D q+¬†Ç°O "Œi`Ë KÇióOKŒ•#° HË=@O …è^¥ ? J`Ç_°È D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡=ò job K͆Ƕ•#°HË=@O …è^¥? "Œ~¡° WH›g°^Î@ D business K͆Ƕ•#°HË=@O …è^¥? J J J J Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO XH›~¡° K͆ǰ=…ÿ#x J#°Hù#x „¬#°•#° ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ° KÇ°#ßq. J"ŒÞ•#°HË=@O…è^¥? HË=@O…è^¥? K͆Ƕ•#°HË=@O…è^¥? Doesn't she want to continue her studies this year? "Œ~¡° D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O Annual Day celebrate K͆Ƕ•#°HË=@O…è^¥? Don't they want to celebrate the Annual Day this year? 289 6. Don't you want to come to the party with us today? g°~¡° WH› P company …Õ work K͆¶ Ç •#° 8. We. She. D"Œ~¡O.. You. Subject He. h=ô D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O J#°HË=@O…è^¥? college KÍ ~ Œ•x 2. Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject I. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë OÇ XH›~°¡ K͆°Ç =…ÿ#x J#°Hù#x XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. Don't you want to work in that company hereafter ? h=ô D q+¬ † Ç ° O…Õ J`Ç x H÷ help HË=@O…è^¥? K͆Ƕ•#°HË=@O…è^¥ ? Don't you want to help him in this matter ? 9. Don't they want to appear for the test this time? J`Ç_È° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO job HË‹¬O try K͆Ƕ•#° 4. They J~ò#„¬C_È° "Don't + want to" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.

g°~¡ ° D game practise KÍ † Ç ¶ •#° HË=@O…è^¥? 9. P"³° J`Çx„ Ì á complaint K͆¶ Ç •#°HË=@O …è^¥? 5. 12. P"³ ° doctor #° consult J"Œ•x J#°HË=@O…è^¥? 11. : 94406 16425 'Wh' QUESTIONS EXERCISE 11. "Œ~¡ ° P <Í ~ ¡ ‹ ¬ ° Ö _ •Ì „ á ZO^Î ° ä› ½ KÇ ~ ¡ ¼ f‹¬°HË"Œ•#°HË=@O…è^ΰ? Z Donot lose your self . Why don't you want to settle down in this town? J`Ç_È° Dª•i seminar …Õ ZO^Î ° ä› ½ 14. employee? 17.respect. g°~¡° Dª•i P ‚¬ìÙ@…˜…Õ stay K͆Ƕ•#° HË=@O…è^¥? 7. h=ô D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O D college …Õ ZO^ΰ䛽 KÇ^Î"Œ•#°HË=@O…è^ΰ? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. P†Ç°# Dª•i "ŒiÌ„á P^•¥~¡„_ ¬ = È …ÿ#x J#°HË=@O…è^¥? 10. J`Ç_È° D train …Õ ZO^ΰ䛽 ㄬ†Ç¶}O K͆Ƕ•#°HË=@O…è^ΰ? 15. 16. Why don't you want to study in this college this year? g°~¡° D town …Õ ZO^ΰ䛽 settle J"Œ•#° HË=@O…è^ΰ? 13. 290 . Why don't you want to go on tour with your friends? h=ô P new movie ZO^Î ° ä› ½ 18. h=ô "Œi ‹¬•‚¬ð ‡•\÷OKŒ•#°HË=@O…è^¥? 8. Why doesn't he want to contest in the elections this time? h=ô ZO^ΰ䛽 bike Hù<Œ•#°HË=@O…è^ΰ? Why don't you want to buy a bike? h=ô g° friends `Ë ZO^Î ° ä› ½ tour 20. employee J"Œ•x ZO^ΰ䛽 J#°HË=@O…è^ΰ? Why don't you want to become a govt. Dª•i h=ô ZO^ΰ䛽 F@° "͆Ƕ•#° HË=@O…è^ΰ? 12.. J`Ç_È° "Œi ‹¬‚¬ð†Ç°O HË~Œ•#°HË=@O …è^¥? 4. g°~¡ ° D~ËA meeting H÷ ZO^Î ° ä› ½ ~Œ"Œ•#°HË=@O…è^ΰ? 14. g°~¡ ° D~ËA friendly cricket match P_¨•#°HË=@O…è^¥? 3. ‡•…ç¾<Œ•#°HË=@O…è^°Î ? K͆Ƕ•#°HË=@O…è^ΰ? Why doesn't she want to invite them to this party? "Œ~¡ ° D ~ËA programme ZO^Î ° ä› ½ conduct K͆Ƕ•#°HË=@O…è^ΰ? Why don't they want to conduct the programme today? h=ô XH› govt. h=ô Hindi <Í~¡°óHË"Œ•#°HË=@O…è^¥? 2. P†Ç°# Dª•i ZxßH•› …Õ ZO^ΰ䛽 ‡é\© K͆Ƕ•#°HË=@O…è^ΰ ? 19. g°~¡° P bank …Õ account ZO^ΰ䛽 open K͆Ƕ•#°HË=@O…è^ΰ? 13. "³ˆì¤•#°HË=@O…è^ΰ? KǶ_¨•#°HË=@O…è^ΰ? Why don't you want to see that new movie? 1. Why doesn't he want to participate in the seminar this time? P"³° D party H÷ "Œix ZO^ΰ䛽 invite 15. "Œ~¡ ° J`Ç x H÷ D q+¬ † Ç ° O inform K͆Ƕ•#°HË=@O…è^¥? 6.

NEGATIVE FORM : ㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç=ò =°#=ò K͆ǰ=…ÿ#x J#°Hù#x XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Do not / Does not + want to + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 4. this year? Do you want to learn Hindi? Does he want to do M. Do you want to study in Hyd. 3. POSITIVE FORM : „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë = Ç ò =°#=ò K͆°Ç =…ÿ#x J#°Hù#°KÇ°#ß XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Want to + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 2. Ex : 1. We do not want to interefere in his matter. 2. Negative Form 3. 4. nx…Õ =°#=ò 1.A this year? Does she want to appear for the I-CET? 4..C. He wants to join M. 3. : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ 'Want to' Q®°iOz <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. Negative Question Form J#° 4 parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. 1. 2.B. I do not want to seek his help in this matter. Ex : 291 1. D 4 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò. 3. Positive Form 2. Ex : 1. Question Form 4. 2. this year. We want to help him now. NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM : ㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç=ò =°#=ò K͆ǰ=…ÿ#x J#°Hù#x XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Don't / Doesn't + want to + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°.A. Ex : 1. 3. 2. She does not want to continue her studies. He does not want to do job at present. 3. QUESTION FORM : ㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç=ò =°#=ò K͆ǰ=…ÿ#x J#°Hù#°KÇ°#ß XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Do / Does + want to + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Don't you want to come with us? Don't you want to stay with them? Doesn't he want to join college this year? Doesn't she want to go on tour with them? . She wants to stay with us. 4. 4. I want to buy a scooter this month.

Twirl twirled twirled 585. Walk walked walked 599. Urge urged urged 587. I Form II Form III Form 581. Spoken English lesson Z 292 There is a thorn behind every rose. Vomit vomitted vomitted 597. Negative Form. Negative Question Form ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 4 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. Try tried tried 582. . Tuck tucked tucked 583. Warm warmed warmed 600. Visit visited visited 596.. Utilise utilised utilised 589. : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs. Turn turned turned 584. Use used used 588. Unite united united 586. Question Form. Vacate vacated vacated 591. Verify verified verified 594. "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O. Vanish vanished vanished 592. Utter uttered uttered 590. Wait waited waited 598. Wash washed washed D ~ËA Meaning ㄬ†Ç°ußOKÇ° …ÕxH÷^Ë„¬ô@ u~¡°Q®°. Vary varied varied 593. Violate violated violated 595. ãu„¬C@ y~¡y~¡ u~¡°Q®°@ XH›\÷QêK͆Çò@ ãÀ„ö~„²OKÇ°@ L„¬†³¶yOKÇ°@ L„¬†³¶Q®„¬~¡KÇ°@ „¬•°ä›½@ MìmK͆Çò@ J^Î$‰×¼=°Q®°@ ƒè^•Î=òKǶ„¬ô@ x~¡¶„²OKÇ°@ JuãH›q°OKÇ°@ ‹¬O^ÎiÅOKÇ°@ "ŒOu KÍ‹¬°H›ù#°@ "Íz†ÇòO_È°@ #_ÈKÇ°@ Ì‚ìKÇóiOKÇ°@ ‰×Ã㠕’=òK͆òÇ @ …Õx Positive Form.

. We wanted to consult them yesterday. P"³ ° last summer …Õ painting 10. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. Dq^•ÎOQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ x#ß. "Í°=ò "Œix x#ß consult J=ô^¥=°x J#°ä›½<Œß=ò. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› Q®`OÇ …Õx U W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³á##¶ =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° K͆ǰ=…ÿ#x J#°Hùx# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Wanted to + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Q®`Ç "Œ~¡O. J#°ä›½<Œß=ò. 5. She wanted to learn painting last summer. My brother wanted to buy a vehicle last month. 293 6. "Œ~¡° x#ß JH›ø_È work start K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½<Œß~¡°. Plural U^³á##¶ 'Wanted to' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 8. 7. =¶ brother last month vehicle Hù<Œ•x 4. =¶ father =¶ brother x last year central school …Õ admit KÍ † Ç ¶ •x J#°ä›½<Œß~¡°. "Í°=ò last Sunday picnic 䛽 "³ˆì¤•x 3. "Í°=ò last week friendly match P_¨•x J#°Hùx<Œ=ò. 9. <Í#° x#ß x#°ß H›•"Œ•x J#°ä›½<Œß#°. Q®`<Ç •³ . join J"Œ•x J#°Hùx#k. P"³° last year M.A. I wanted to seek his help last time. I wanted to meet you yesterday. K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½<Œß~¡°. J J J J Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° =°#=ò Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ K͆ǰ=…ÿ#x J#°Hùx# XH›„¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. . J#°ä›½<Œß_È°. J`Ç_È° Q®`Ç ZxßH›•…Õ ‡é\© K͆Ƕ•x J#°Hùx<Œ_È°. 2. My father wantd to admit my brother to central school last year. <Í#° x#ß h䛽 phone K͆Ƕ•x J#°Hùx<Œ#°. =¶ sister x#ß competition …Õ participate K͆Ƕ•x J#°Hùx#k. My sister wanted to participate in the competition yesterday. EXAMPLES 1. They wanted to distribute the cards last week. We wanted to go on a picnic last Sunday. : 94406 16425 WANTED TO XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ K͆°Ç =…ÿ#x J#°Hùx# XH›„x ¬ x Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. They wanted to start the work there yesterday. <Í#° last time J`Çx ‹¬‚¬ð†Ç°O HË~Œ•x J#°ä›½<Œß#°. "Œ~¡ ° last week cards distribute <Í~¡°óHË"Œ•x J#°ä›½#ßk.

5. <Í#° x#ß P HË~¡°• q=~Œ•° `³•°‹¬°HË"Œ•x J#°ä›½<Œß#°. 14. They wanted to donate a big amount to this temple last year. 19. <Í # ° last Sunday Tirumala visit K͆Ƕ•x J#°Hùx<Œ#°. 11. P"³ ° x#ß =¶`Ë WH› ø _•H÷ ~Œ"Œ•x J#°ä›½#ßk. 15. <Í#° x#ß =¶ native place H÷ "³ˆì¤•x J#°ä›½<Œß#°. : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 20. She wanted to come here with us yesterday. 4. "Í°=ò last month holidays =¶ =îi…Õ Q®_‡È ••x J#°ä›½<Œß=ò. We wanted to organise a huge ralley yesterday. 18. Z 294 . "Í ° =ò last month new shop open K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½<Œß=ò. "Í°=ò x#ß ƒ•ìs ~Œ¼b x~¡Þ‚²ìOKŒ•x J#°ä›½<Œß=ò. 7. 6. My friend wanted to contest in the student union elections last time. I wanted to know the details of that course yesterday. <Í # ° x#ß J`Ç x H÷ J#°ä›½<Œß#°. "Í°=ò last Sunday office …Õ meeting x~¡Þ‚²ìOKŒ•x J#°ä›½<Œß=ò. 1. "Í ° =ò =òO^Î ° Qê<Í "ŒiH÷ inform K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½<Œß=ò. All roads lead to Rome. 11. 12.I. 9. 13. 12. letter ã " Œ†Ç ¶ •x I wanted to write a letter to him yesterday. We wanted to celebrate the farewell party last week. 2. <Í # ° last month L. NTR J„¬C_È° 'ƒ•ì~¡`^ Ç ‰Í O× Ñ ‡•s“ U~Œæ@° K͆Ƕ•x J#°Hùx<Œ~¡°. 13. policy f‹¬°HË"Œ•#°ä›½<Œß#°. =¶ brother last time bank loan H÷ apply K͆Ƕ•x J#°Hùx<Œ_È°. 16. 3. We wanted to spend our holidays at our village last month. 17. 15. "Œ~¡ ° last year D town …Õ house Hù<Œ•x J#°Hùx<Œ~¡°. 10. P"³° x#ß function H÷ JO^Îih invite K͆Ƕ•x J#°Hùx#k. "Œ~¡° last year Hyderabad H÷ family shift K͆Ƕ•x J#°Hùx<Œ~¡°. "Í°=ò J`ÇxÌ„á collector H÷ complaint K͆Ƕ•#°ä›½<Œß=ò. "Í°=ò last week farewell party celebrate K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½<Œß=ò.. "Í°=ò last month computer course …Õ KÍ~Œ•x J#°Hùx<Œ=ò. P"³° ~Œãu =¶ WO\ÕÁ stay K͆Ƕ•x J#°Hùx#k. We wanted to conduct a meeting in the office last Sunday. We wanted to inform them earlier. 14. "Œ~¡° last year D temple H÷ Ì„^Îí amount donate K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½<Œß~¡°. =¶ friend last time student union elections …Õ ‡é\© K͆¶ Ç •x J#°ä›½<Œß_°È . "Œ~¡° x#ß meeting boycott K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½<Œß~¡°. 8. P"³ ° MLA seat ä› ½ try KÍ † Ç ¶ •x J#°Hùx#k. J`Ç _ È ° actual Qê doctor J"Œ•x J#°ä›½<Œß_È°.C.

9. J`Ç_È° J„¬C_È° job K͆Ƕ•x J#°HË…è^ΰ. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ K͆°Ç =…ÿ#x J#°Hù#x XH›„x ¬ x Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. "Í°=ò last week =¶ native place H÷ "³ˆì¤•#°HË…è^ΰ. "Í ° =ò x#ß J`Ç x `Ë Pq+¬ † Ç ° O =¶\ìÁ_¨•x J#°HË…è^ΰ. Plural U^³á##¶ 'Did not want to' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. J#°HË…è^ΰ. <Í # ° x#ß JH› ø _È "Œix H› • "Œ•x J#°HË…è^ΰ. "Í°=ò last week =¶ =î~¡° "³ˆì¤•x 6. My father did not want to give them money last week. =¶ brother J„¬ C _È ° job KÍ † Ç ¶ •x 8. She did not want to invite them to the function yesterday. I did not want to meet them there yesterday. K͆Ƕ•x J#°HË…è^ΰ. Q®`<Ç •³ . W"ŒÞ•x J#°HË…è^ΰ. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. <Í # ° ~Œã u "Œo¤ O \ÕÁ stay KÍ † Ç ¶ •x J#°HË…è^ΰ. EXAMPLES 1. I did not want to apply for leave to the office yesterday. Dq^•ÎOQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ x#ß. We did not want to help them last time. P"³° last year college …Õ join J"Œ•x J#°HË…è^ΰ. 10. P"³ ° x#ß function H÷ "Œix invite 5. "Œ~¡ ° last month P house vacate J#°HË…è^ΰ. 2. <Í # ° x#ß office H÷ K͆Ƕ•#°HË…è^ΰ. 7. <Í#° x#ß P function H÷ attend J"Œ•x J#°Hù#…è^ΰ. "Í ° =ò J‹¬ • ° last time "ŒiH÷ help 3. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› Q®`OÇ …Õx †Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³á##¶ =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° K͆ǰ=…ÿ#x J#°Hù#x XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Did not want to + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. We did not want to talk to him that matter yesterday. My brother did not want to do job then. =¶ father last week "ŒiH÷ money 4. They did not want to vacate that house last month. I did not want to stay in their house last night. Q®`Ç "Œ~¡O.. K͆Ƕ•x J#°HË…è^ΰ. . J J J J Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° =°#=ò Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ K͆ǰ=…ÿ#x J#°Hù#x XH›„¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. 295 leave apply K͆Ƕ•x J#°HË…è^ΰ. We did not want to go to our village last week.

Knowledge is power. 12. 15. Z 296 . 20. 7. 12. <Í#° J„¬C_È° "Œi ‹¬•‚¬ð ‡•\÷OKŒ•x J#°HË…è^ΰ. 14. J`Ç_È° J‹¬•° J„¬C_È° P job HË‹¬O try K͆Ƕ•x J#°HË…è^ΰ. "Í ° =ò x#ß JH› ø _È J`Ç x x H› • "Œ•x J#°HË…è^ΰ. 13. J`Ç_È° last year D college …Õ join J"Œ•x J#°HË…è^ΰ. 14. "Í°=ò last time "Œi ‹¬‚¬ð†Ç°O HË~Œ•x J#°HË…è^ΰ. 5. 3. =¶ sister last year exam H÷ appear J"Œ•x J#°HË…è^ΰ. 15. We did not want to play the match with them last Sunday. P"³ ° last year birth day celebrate KÍ‹¬°HË"Œ•x J#°HË…è^ΰ. P"³° J‹¬•° teacher J"Œ•x J#°HË…è^ΰ. house Hù#=…ÿ # x EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. <Í#° x#ß D q+¬†Ç°"³°Ø J`Çxx request K͆Ƕ•x J#°HË…è^ΰ. They did not want to buy that house then. 11. "Œ~¡ ° J„¬ C _È ° P J#°HË…è^ΰ. "Œ~¡° last time D q+¬†Ç°O…Õ J`ÇxÌ„á depend J"Œ•x J#°HË…è^ΰ. "Í ° =ò x#ß JH› ø _È time waste K͆ǰ^Ε°KÇ°HË…è^ΰ. <Í # ° x#ß "Œi`Ë picnic "³ ˆ ì¤ • x 19. J#°HË…è^ΰ. K͆Ƕ•x J#°HË…è^ΰ. "Œ~¡ ° J„¬ C _È ° JH› ø _È P q+¬ † Ç ° O KÇióOKŒ•x J#°HË…è^ΰ. He did not want to contest in the elections last time. <Í#° last time "Œi`Ë town H÷ "³ˆì¤•x J#°HË…è^ΰ. "Í°=ò last time J`Çx ^ÎQ®¾~¡ money J„¬C K͆Ƕ•x J#°HË…è^ΰ. 16. "Œ~¡° XH›„¬C_È° D town …Õ x=tOKŒ•x J#°HË…è^ΰ. 4. "Í°=ò x#ß D q+¬†Ç°O "ŒiH÷ inform K͆Ƕ•x J#°HË…è^ΰ. 11. =¶ cousin last year studies continue J#°HË…è^ΰ. 17. "Œ~¡ ° x#ß P ‡é\© … Õ ‡•…ç¾ # =…ÿ # x J#°HË…è^ΰ. 6. P_¨•x J#°HË…è^ΰ. 13. 9. 1. My sister did not want to appear for the exams last year. I did not want to go on picnic with them yesterday. =¶ cousin last time =¶`Ë stay K͆Ƕ•x J#°HË…è^ΰ. J`Ç_°È last time ZxßH•› …Õ ‡é\© K͆¶ Ç •x 2. We did not want to borrow money from him last time. Last Sunday "Í ° =ò "Œi`Ë match 18.. <Í # ° x#ß J`Ç x q+¬ † Ç ° O *ÕH› ¼ O KÍ‹¬°HË"Œ•x J#°HË…è^ΰ. My cousin did not want to continue his studies last year. : 94406 16425 10. I did not want to interefere in his mattter yesterday. They did not want to participate in the competition yesterday. They did not want to depend on him in this matter last time. Degree `Ç~¡°"Œ`Ç <Í#° studies continue K͆Ƕ•x J#°HË…è^ΰ. 8.

J#°Hùx<Œ_¨? J#°Hùx#^¥? Did she want to buy a new sari in that shop yesterday ? "Œ~¡° last year business …Õ Ì„^Îí"³ò`ÇëO invest K͆Ƕ•x J#°Hùx<Œ~Œ? Did they want to invest a huge amount in the business last year? . h=ô x#ß J`ÇxH÷ J#°ä›½<Œß"Œ? 2. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ K͆°Ç =…ÿ#x J#°Hùx# XH›„x ¬ x Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò.A. Q®`<Ç •³ .E. Dq^•ÎOQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ x#ß. EXAMPLES 1. 3. join J"Œ•x J#°ä›½#ß^¥? Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° =°#=ò Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ K͆ǰ=…ÿ#x J#°Hùx# XH›„¬xx ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ° KÇ°#ßq. Q®`Ç "Œ~¡O. Did he want to stay in the hotel last night? P"³° x#ß P ‘•„¬ô…Õ new sari Hù<Œ•x 10.C..E. KÇ^" Î Œ•x J#°ä›½<Œß"Œ? Did you want to study B. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› Q®`OÇ …Õx U W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³á##¶ =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° K͆ǰ=…ÿ#x J#°Hùx# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@䛽 "Did + want to + I form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. then? Last month h=ô Delhi "³ ˆ ì¤ • x J#°ä›½<Œß"Œ? Did you want to go to Delhi last month? 297 6. g°~¡° x#ß J`Çx marriage H÷ J"Œ•x J#°ä›½<Œß~Œ? attend Did you want to attend his marriage yesterday? 7.A. J J J J h=ô x#ß "Œix H›•"Œ•x J#°ä›½<Œß"Œ? g°~¡° last month P house vacate K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½<Œß~Œ? g° brother last year U. h=ô x#ß "Œix H›•"Œ•x J#°Hùx<Œ"Œ? 8. Plural U^³á##¶ 'Did + want to' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 5.S. Did you want to meet them yesterday? J`Ç_È° last night hotel …Õ stay K͆Ƕ•x 9. telegram „¬O‡••x Did you want to send him the telegram yesterday? g°~¡° last Sunday Quiz competition …Õ participate K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½<Œß~Œ? Did you want to participate in the quiz competition last Sunday? J`Ç_È° last time Chairman „¬^ÎqH÷ ‡é\© K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½<Œß_¨? Did he want to contest for the post of Chairman last time? h=ô J„¬C_È° B. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. 4. "³ˆì¤•x J#°ä›½<Œß_¨? P"³° last year M.

g°~¡° "Œi`Ë x#ß D q+¬†Ç°O discuss K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½<Œß~Œ ? 8. 12. g° brother Engineer J"Œ•x J#°Hù<Œß_¨ ? 4. Howmany days did you want to stay in Delhi last month? "Œ~¡° last time problem #° Z…ì solve 13. K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½<Œß=ô? K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½<Œß~¡°? How did they want to solve that problem last time? h=ô x#ß J`Ç x H÷ marriage …Õ Uq° present K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½<Œß=ô? What did you want to present him in the marriage yesterday? 18. h=ô last year Andhra University …Õ M. 17. g°~¡° x#ß J`Çx`Ë Uq° =¶\ìÁ_¨•x J#°ä›½<Œß~¡°? What did you want to talk to him yesterday? 19. "Œ~¡ ° last month P house vacate K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½<Œß~Œ ? 11. g°~¡ ° last time P q+¬ † Ç ° O…Õ Z=i ‹¬‚¬ð†Ç°O HË~Œ•x J#°ä›½<Œß~¡° ? 15. g°~¡° x#ß JH›ø_È Z=ix consult J"Œ•x J#°ä›½<Œß~¡°? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. g°~¡° last week Farewel party ZH›ø_È celebrate K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½<Œß~¡° ? 14. : 94406 16425 'Wh' QUESTIONS EXERCISE 11. H÷ appear J"Œ•x J#°ä›½#ß^¥ ? 10. g°~¡° last night movie KǶ_¨•#°ä›½<Œß~Œ ? 2. Why did you want to go to Guntur yesterday? "Œ~¡° last year ZH›ø_È branch open K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½<Œß~¡°? Where did they want to open the branch last year ? 1. Whom did you want to consult there yesterday? last Sunday g°~¡° ZH›ø_•H÷ "³ˆì¤•x J#°ä›½<Œß~¡°? 15. h=ô x#ß Q®°O@¶~¡° ZO^ΰ䛽 "³ˆì¤•x J#°ä›½<Œß=ô? 20. 14. P"³° `Ç# birthday party H÷ JO^Îih invite K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½#ß^¥ ? 5. h=ô x#ß =¶`Ë picinic H÷ ~Œ"Œ•x J#°ä›½<Œß"Œ ? 3. Where did you want to go last Sunday? g°~¡° last year g° brother x U Hê…èl…Õ admit K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½<Œß~¡°? In which college did you want to admit your brother last year? g° brother last month job H÷ ZO^ΰ䛽 resign K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½<Œß_È°? Why did your brother want to resign to his job last month? h=ô last month Delhi …Õ Zxß~ËA•° stay 16. Z 298 . "Œ~¡° x#ß JH›ø_È work start K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½<Œß~Œ? 6. P"³° last time Group-I exam. g° uncle last year Ongole …Õ business start K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½<Œß~Œ ? 9.Phil K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½<Œß"Œ ? 7. "Œ~¡° J„¬C_È° Chennai …Õ settle J"Œ•x ZO^ΰ䛽 J#°ä›½<Œß~¡° ? Forgiveness is the best revenge. h=ô P university …Õ last year U course K͆Ƕ•x J#°ä›½<Œß=ô ? 13. h=ô actual Qê Uq° J"Œ•x J#°ä›½<Œß=ô? 12..

P"³° x#ß "Œix D q+¬†Ç°O J_ÈQê•#° HË…è^¥? Didn't she want to ask them this matter yesterday? 299 Didn't they want to conduct the meeting last month? 7.He. x#ß h=ô g° J#°HË…è^¥? friends `Ë picnic "³ˆì¤•x 6. They U^³# á #° "Didn't + want to" L„¬†¶ ³ yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. J#°HË…è^¥? K͆Ƕ•xJ#°HË…è^¥ ? J"Œ•xJ#°HË…è^¥? 5. Q®`Ç <³•. D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ x#ß. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡=ò …èH› Q®`OÇ …Õx U W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^³#á #° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ K͆°Ç =…ÿ#x J#°H›ù#x XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Didn't + want to + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject I. Q®`"Ç Œ~¡O.. Didn't you want to go on picnic with your friends yesterday? h=ô J„¬æ\ÕÁ university …Õ KÇ^Î"Œ•x 3. "Œ~¡° last week meeting x~¡Þ‚²ìOKŒ•#° HË…è^¥ ? 2. It. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ K͆ǰ=…ÿ#x J#°Hù#x XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. job ‡ÚO^¥•x J#°HË…è^¥? "Œ~¡° J„¬C_È° Nellore …Õ branch open K͆Ƕ•#° HË…è^¥? J J J J Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`ÇO…Õ XH›~¡° K͆ǰ=…ÿ#x J#°Hù#x „¬#°•#° ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ° KÇ°#ßq. h=ô x#ß P ‡é\©…Õ ‡•…ç¾<Œ•x J#°HË…è^¥? g°~¡° last time "Œi`Ë KÇióOKŒ•#° HË…è^¥? J`Ç_È° govt. g°~¡° last time ZxßH›•…Õ J`ÇxH÷ support K͆Ƕ•xJ#°HË…è^¥? Didn't he want to appear for the Group-I exam then? 10. 4. Didn't you want to study in the university then? g°~¡° J„¬C_È° D town …Õ house construct 8. EXAMPLES 1. You. She. We. Didn't you want to construct the house in this town then? J`Ç_È° J„¬C_È° Group-I exam H÷ appear 9. h=ô x#ß JH› ø _È J`Ç x x H› • "Œ•x J#°HË…è^¥? Didn't you want to meet him there yesterday? J`Ç _ È ° ~Œã u WH› ø _È stay KÍ † Ç ¶ •x J#°HË…è^¥? Didn't he want to stay here last night? Didn't you want to support him in the elections last time ? "Œ~¡ ° last year bank loan HË‹¬ O try K͆Ƕ•xJ#°HË…è^¥ ? Didn't they want to try for the bank loan last year? .

P"³° last time treatment f‹¬°HË"Œ•x J#°HË…è^¥? 5. P"³° last year "Œi`Ë Hêj ‹¬O^ÎiÅOKŒ•x ZO^ΰH›#°HË…è^ΰ? 14. g°~¡° J„¬C_È° J`Çx ‹¬‚¬ð†Ç°O HË~Œ•x J#°HË…è^¥? 3. P†Ç°# J„¬C_È° „²•Á•#° KÇkqOKŒ•x ZO^ΰH›#°HË…è^ΰ? 15. P"³° last month "Œix ZO^ΰ䛽 K͆Ƕ•#°HË…è^ΰ? invite 15. : 94406 16425 'Wh' QUESTIONS EXERCISE 11. h=ô J„¬C_È° job K͆Ƕ•x ZO^ΰH›#° HË…è^ΰ? 12. Z 300 . J`Ç _ È ° x#ß "ŒiH÷ `Ë_È ° Qê ZO^Î ° ä› ½ "³ˆì¤•#°HË…è^ΰ? Why didn't he want to accompany them yesterday? 14. Last Sunday h=ô g° T~¡° ZO^ΰ䛽 "³ˆì¤•#°HË…è^ΰ? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. "Œ~¡° J„¬C_È° family x Hyd. shift K͆¶ Ç •x J#°HË…è^¥? 11. J`Ç_È° last time ZxßH›•…Õ ‡é\© K͆Ƕ•x J#°HË…è^¥? 4. P"³ ° lawyer Qê ZO^Î ° ä› ½ K͆Ƕ•xJ#°HË…è^ΰ? practise Why didn't she want to practise as a lawyer then? 20. P"³ ° last time Group-I „¬ s H› Æ ä › ½ ‚¬ð[~¡"ŒÞ•x J#°HË…è^¥? 10. "Œ~¡° last year ZO^ΰ䛽 Annual Day celebrate K͆Ƕ•#°HË…è^ΰ? Why didn't they want to celebrate the Annual Day last year? 1. J`Ç_È° J„¬C_È° J#°HË…è^ΰ? job K͆Ƕ•x ZO^ΰ䛽 Why didn't he want to do job then? 19.. g°~¡° J„¬C_È° P house ZO^ΰ䛽 H›ù<Œ•x J#°HË…è^ΰ ? Why didn't you want to buy that house then? 18. h=ô degree `Ç~¡°"Œ`Ç studies ZO^ΰ䛽 continue K͆Ƕ•#°HË…è^ΰ? Why didn't you want to continue your studies after your degree? 13. P†Ç ° # hä› ½ recommend KÍ † Ç ¶ •x J#°HË…è^¥? 9. h=ô higher studies KÍ † Ç ¶ •x J#°HË…è^¥? 7. "Œ~¡° last year tournments x~¡Þ‚²ìOKŒ•x J#°HË…è^¥? 6. "Œ~¡ ° last time ZO^Î ° ä› ½ x~¡Þ‚²ìOKŒ•xJ#°HË…è^ΰ? tour Why didn't she want to invite them last month? Why didn't they want to organize a tour last time? 16. g°~¡° "Œi`Ë H›e‹² business K͆Ƕ•x J#°HË…è^¥? 8. h=ô x#ß =¶`Ë ZO^ΰ䛽 ~Œ"Œ•#°HË…è^°Î ? Why didn't you want to come with us yesterday? 17. "Œ~¡° J„¬C_È° text books publish K͆¶ Ç •x ZO^ΰH›#°HË…è^ΰ? A smile doesnot cost anything. h=ô x#ß friendly match …Õ P_¨•#°HË…è^¥? 2. Why didn't you want to go to your village last Sunday? 12. g°~¡° J„¬C_È° P ‡Ú•O Hù<Œ•x ZO^ΰH›#° HË…è^ΰ? 13.

3. 4. We did not want to help him last time. : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D ~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ 'Wanted to' Q®°iOz <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. NEGATIVE FORM : Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~¡° K͆ǰ=…ÿ#x J#°Hù#x XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Did not + want to + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. nx…Õ =°#=ò 1. Negative Question Form J#° 4 parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. 4. POSITIVE FORM : Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~¡° K͆ǰ=…ÿ#x J#°Hùx# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Wanted to + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Ex : 1. 1. Ex : 1. 2. Ex : 301 1. 3. We wanted to visit Delhi last month. I did not want to meet him there yesterday. Positive Form 2. 4. 2. Didn't you want to continue the course last month? Didn't he want to stay with you last time? Didn't she want to do that job then? Didn't they want to buy that site then? . 3. 2. 2. NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM : Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~¡° K͆ǰ=…ÿ#x J#°Hù#x XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Didn't + want to + I form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. I wanted to go to my village yesterday. Negative Form 3. He did not want to participate in the programme last week. D 4 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò. QUESTION FORM : Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~¡° K͆ǰ=…ÿ#x J#°Hùx# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Did + want to + I form of the Verb " L„¬†¶ ³ yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 4. 2. He wanted to learn Grammar last summar. They did not want to sell that house last time. 3. Ex : 1. They wanted to invite the collector to the function. Question Form 4.. 3. Did you want to pay him money yesterday? Did he want to see that movie last Sunday? Did she want to practise type writing last year? Did they want to inform him this matter yesterday? 4.

‡é+²OKÇ°@ "³¶H›i•°Á@ …Õx Positive Form. Bend bent bent 611. Burn burnt burnt 616. Beseech besought besought 612. Bear bore born 608. . Yelp yelped yelped 606. I Form II Form III Form 601. gKÇ°@ Hê•°ó@ "³•JQ®°@ HˆÇò@ ã`Ç=ôÞ@ ux„²OKÇ°@. Cut cut cut 618. Negative Form. Bet` bet bet 613. Dig dug dug 619. Feed fed fed 620. Blow blew blown 615. Become became become 610. Cost cost cost 617. : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs. Kneel knelt knelt D ~ËA Meaning Q®°‹¬Q®°‹¬…ì_È°@ `Ç°_È°KÇ°@ ƒì^•Î„_¬ °È @ P=ôeOKÇ°@ "³ò~¡°Q®°@ "Í°…çø#°@ [xàOKÇ°@ Hù@°“@ JQ®°@ =OQ®°@ ã|u=°…ì_È°@ „¬O^³=òHê†Çò@ nqOKÇ°@ T^ΰ@. Bless blessed blessed 614. "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O. Worry worried worried 604. Beat beat beaten 609. Yawn yawned yawned 605. Spoken English lesson Z 302 A mother should always be respected. Whisper whispered whispered 602. Negative Question Form ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 4 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. Wipe wiped wiped 603.. Awake awoke awoke 607. Question Form.

"Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O. : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs. I Form II Form III Form Z 303 Meaning ..

C. D q^•Î=òQê language …Õ KŒ…ì "ŒH›¼=ò•° Subject #° ‹¬¶zO„¬H›. Jk Subject.C. : 94406 16425 PASSIVE VOICE XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° XH› "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. WOHùH› L^¥ : ö~„¬ô S. D "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ Subject ‹¬¶zOKÇ…^ è °Î . Z=~¡° „¬O_•ª•ë~°¡ ? ~ï `á °Ç •°. J=‹¬~¡=ò…è^ΰ. J=‹¬~= ¡ ò…è^°Î .S. Board "Œ~¡°.J#°#k 'object' . „¬sHÆê „¦¬e`Œ•° "³•°=_È°`Œ~ò. Subject 䛽 importance W=Þ=ò. Jk Subject. L^¥ : 3…Õ 'S. P „¬xx KÍ‹²# "Œ~¡° (subject / doer) Z=~¡° J<Ík ‹¬¶zOKÇ=ò . =°iHùxß L^¥‚¬ì~¡}•° : 1. Z=~¡° „ ã H¬ \ › ª÷ •ë~°¡ ? S. 2.C. Subject 䛽 importance W=ÞH› LO_È°#°. results' . L^¥ :1 …Õ =i 'paddy' . Z=~¡° „ ã ª¬ •~¡O KÍ‹< ² Œ~¡° ? ETV "Œ~¡°. ㄬu ~ËA 5 Q®OII•ä›½ milk supply J=ô`Œ~ò.J#°#k 'object'.. x#ß =¶ä›½ English test [iy#k. Subject K³„¬æH›‡é~ò<Œ "ŒH›¼=ò#䛽 J~¡Ö=ò =zó#k. D q^•Î=òQê XH› "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ 'Object' 䛽 ‡ã •^•¥#¼`Ç#° W‹¬¶ë 'Object' Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ° XH› "ŒH›¼=ò#° Grammar …Õ 'Passive Voice' …Õ L#ß#x K³„¬C^ΰ~¡°. D "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ Subject ‹¬¶zOKÇ…è^ΰ.S.S. J=‹¬~¡=ò ~Œ…è^ΰ. W@°=O\÷ "ŒH›¼=ò•…Õ Object 䛽 importance LO_È°#°. WOHùH› L^¥ : x#ß E-TV …Õ XH› old film „ ã ª¬ •~¡O J~ò#k. Jk Subject D "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ ä›•_¨ Subject ‹¬¶zOKÇ…^ è °Î . L^¥ : ㄬHê‰×O l…ìÁ…Õ =i ƒìQê „¬O_È°`Ç°Ok. L^¥ : 2 …Õ 'old film' J#°#k 'object'. 303 .

D q^•Î=òQê D „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•xßO\÷…Õ =°#=ò P „¬#°•° KÍ‹# ² Subject Q®°iOz K³„æ¬ H. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO JH›ø_È function 䛽 U~Œæ@°Á [~¡°Q®°KÇ°#ßq. Passive Voice PASSIVE VOICE VERB FORM ' 'Be' form + III form of the Verb' "ŒH›¼=ò U tense …Õ =ôO>è P tense 'be' form =°i†Çò verb Passive Voice …Õ Verb U tense …Õ<³á<Œ III form 304 †³òH›ø III form. 4. 5. 䛽Á„¬ëOQê J#Qê "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Object 䛽 ‡ã •^•¥#¼`Ç =ôO_È°#°.. `ÇÞ~¡…Õ =°# university …Õ new courses ‡ã •~¡Oƒ•’=°=ô`Œ~ò. …Õ<Í =ôO_È°#°. is / are + done = is/are done was / were + done = was / were done will be + done = will be done is / are + being + done = is/ are being done was/ were + being + done = was/ were being done have/ has been + done = have/ has been done had + been + done = had been done will have + been + done = will have been done .Verb Form Z…ì =ôO_È°<Ë q=~¡=òQê <Í~¡°óHùO^Î=ò. Z=~¡° ? Jx ㄬtßOz# answer LO_È^ΰ. : 94406 16425 3. Subject 䛽 importance LO_È^ΰ. Verb #° Uq° ? Jx ㄬtßOz# answer LO_È°#°.› Object Q®°iOz ‡ã •^•¥#¼`Ç#° W‹¬¶. =¶ä›½ already syllabus „¬îië J~ò#k.ë "Œ\÷ Q®°iOz K³„C¬ KÇ°#ßO^ΰ# D "ŒH›¼=ò•° Passive Voice …Õ L#ßq. W„¬C_È° "Í~¡°"Í~¡° tense •…Õ Passive Voice .

L#ß„¬C_È° 'is' EXAMPLES 1. x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ|_È°`Œ~ò. „¬sH›• Æ ° ª•^•¥~¡}OQê =¶ió <³•…Õ 4. Hï <Œ…˜ #°O_• drinking water supply J=ô`Ç°Ok Mostly Hindi movies are shown at Sridevi. S. P „¬#°•° K͆Çò"ŒiH÷ (subject) ‡ ã •^•¥#¼`Ç W=Þ=ò. 9. „ã u¬ <³•.V. Text books are usually printed in the govt. P „¬ # °•° KÍ † Ç ò "Œ~¡ ° (subject) Z=~Ë ‹¬¶zOKÇ=ò. =¶ä›½ ㄬu lesson 䛽 notes dictate K͆ǰ|_È°`Ç°Ok.S. The news is telecast at 9 p. [~¡°„¬|_È°. 10. press. ~ö _•†³¶…Õ „ã u¬ L^Ά°Ç O "Œ~¡•ë ° „ã ª¬ •~¡=°¿`Œ~ò. „ã u¬ Pk"Œ~¡O P H›ƒÁ …˜ Õ ª•O‹¬$øuH› Hê~¡¼ Hã =› °=ò•° x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ|_È°#°. English medicines are sold in this shop.S.PRESENT Hùxß „¬#°• Q®°iOz K³„¬C#„¬ô_È° P „¬#°•#° K͆Çò subject Q®°iOz K³„¬æ#=‹¬~¡O LO_È^°Î . It. He. „ã u¬ ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡=ò. „ã u¬ L^Ά°Ç O 5 Q®O@•ä›½ ‡••° ‹¬~„¡ ~¬¦ Œ K͆°Ç |_È`Œ~ò. Regular Qê …èH› „¬^Í „¬^Í K͆°Ç |_È°. D q^•Î=òQê „ã u¬ ~ËA.V. XOQË•° \º<£H÷ †Ç°<£. Good discipline is maintained in our school. 7. Holi is celebrated very grand in Hyderabad. =¶ school …Õ =°Oz discipline ‡•\÷O„¬ |_È°`Ç°Ok. Drinking water is supplied from the N. She. H÷ news „ã ª¬ •~¡O J=ô`Œ~ò. 3. every day. subject Qê Plural subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'are' =KÇ°ó#°.. canal to Ongole town. Paddy is grown in Prakasam District. =¶ college …Õ classes x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ|_È°`Œ~ò. : 94406 16425 PASSIVE VOICE . press …Õ print J=ô`Œ~ò.†Ç°‹¹. Hyderabad …Õ Holi ƒìQê [~¡°Q®°`Ç°Ok. regular Qê The classes are conducted regularly in our college. ª•^•¥~¡}OQê text books govt. . `Ç~K ¡ °Ç Qê. S. „¬^Í „¬^Í XH›i KÍ`Ç K͆ǰ|_È° (^¥#O`Ç@ Jk [~¡Q®x „¬xx) [~¡°„¬|_È° XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Am/Is/Are+ III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.C. D shop …Õ English medicines 2. 5.m.m. XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ° KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. on E-T. J J J J * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx 'I' Subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'am' .S. ㄬHê‰×Ol…ìÁ…Õ =i „¬O_È°`Ç°Ok. …Õ „ ã u ¬ ~ËA 9 p. 8. „ã u¬ "Œ~¡O. 305 •aOKÇ°#°. Hö =•O P „¬#°•° [~¡°Q®°@ Q®°iOz†Í° „ ã ^ ¬ •¥#=òQê K³„C¬ KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. 6. ~ï Q®°¼•~ŸQê Z•Á„C¬ _ȶ. W@°=O\÷ "ŒH›¼=ò#° Passive Voice …Õ L#ß^Îx K³„¬C^ΰ=ò. N^Í q kŠ † Í ° @~Ÿ … Õ Zä› ½ ø=Qê ‚² ì Ok ‹²x=¶•° ㄬ^ÎiÅO„¬|_È°`Œ~ò.C. examinations are held usually in the month of March. E T.

15. Z 306 . D door lock KÍ‹²=ô#ßk. 2. 12. 4. ª•^•¥~¡ } OQê A…ÿ á <³ • …Õ admissions =òQ®°ª•ë~ò. 14. Nothing can harm a good man. The first bell is rung at 8 a. WKÇó@ English medicines J=°à|_È°#°. =¶ä› ½ ã „ ¬ u <³ • 5= `Í n # salaries K³eÁOKÇ|_È`Œ~ò. 15. 14. The syllabus is usually completed in our college in January itself. P office …Õ work KŒ…ì sincere Qê 18. ㄬu <³• ‹¬°=¶~¡° `³•°Q®°…Õ „¬k ãHù`Çë movies q_È°^Ε J=ô`Ç°O\ì~ò. 9. =°# ~ŒRO…Õ ã „ ¬ " Í ‰ × „ ¬ # °ß =‹¬ ¶ •° K͆ǰ|_È°#°. 5000 is spent for the maintainance of their family per month.m. 10. Roads are cleaned in the town every morning. 13. ã „ ¬ u <³ • ‰× à ã H › " Œ~¡ = ò library close KÍ‹²=ôO@°Ok. „¬ @ “ } ì•…Õ `Ç ~ ¡ K Ç ° Qê |O^£ • ° [~¡°Q®°`Ç°O\ì~ò. =°# state …Õ entry tax collect K͆ǰ|_È°`Ç°Ok. „ ã u ¬ ‰×x"Œ~¡O P temple …Õ ã„¬`ͼH› „¬î[•° x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ|_È`Œ~ò. [~¡°Q®°`Ç°Ok. in our college. 1. P shop …Õ orders Ì„á sweet supply K͆ǰ|_È°`Ç°Ok. WKÇó@ „ Ì O_•Á „¬u ã H›•° JKÇ°ó"† Í °Ç |_È°#°.. =¶ Hê…è*˜…Õ 8 a. 6. . Eenadu daily is published from 17 centres. 16. 20. 2000 Y~¡°ó J=ô`Ç°Ok. 11. 12. "ŒH›English ¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. Rs. 13. D<Œ_È° daily 17 Hö Oã^¥•#°O_• publish J=ô`Ç°Ok. Chennai city…Õ traffic rules KŒ…ì strict Qê follow Hê|_È°`Œ~ò. 7. Work is done sincerely in that office. EXERCISE D "ŒH›D ¼=ò•° …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. =¶ college …Õ ã „ ¬ u Sunday test [~¡°Q®°`Ç°Ok. : 94406 16425 . <Œä›½ personal expenses 䛽 <³•ä›½ ~¡¶. H÷ first bell ã"³¶Q®° `Ç°Ok. Towns …Õ ã„¬u ~ËA L^ΆǰO roads Jhß clean K͆ǰ|_È°`Œ~ò. ª•^•¥~¡}OQê =¶ college…Õ syllabus [#=i…Õ „¬îië J=ô`Ç°Ok. 5000 Y~¡°ó J=ô`Ç°Ok. 8. ª•^•¥~¡}OQê degree admissions August <³•…Õ =òQ®°ª•ë~ò. 17. degree Degree admissions are usually closed in the month of July. 3. Traffic rules are followed strictly in Chennai city. "Œi family maintainance H÷ <³•ä›½ ~¡¶. =¶ hostel …Õ 1 pm H÷ lunch serve K͆ǰ|_È°`Ç°Ok. =¶ college…Õ „ ã u ¬ ª•†Ç°Oã`OÇ games practise K͆ǰ|_È°`Œ~ò. 11. 19. ö ~ _•†³ ¶ …Õ ã „ ¬ u L^Î † Ç ° O "Œ~¡ ë • ° „ ã ª¬ •~¡=°=ô`Œ~ò. 5. Games are practised in our college every evening. Entry tax is collected in our state.m.

* Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx I. [~¡°„¬|_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Am/Is/Are+not +IIIform of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. J Text books private press ……Õ print K͆ǰ|_È=ô. Traffic rules are not followed in small town. . english films English films are not shown in our town. =¶ ‡ã •O`ÇO…Õ ‚¬ìÙb „¬O_È°Q® [~¡°Q®^°Î . 6. WKÇó@ ‡••° J=°à|_È=ô. <Œä›½ J‹¬•° time •a•OKÇ^°Î . donations 11. Plural subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'are' =KÇ°ó#°. 5. Credit is not given in our shop. Others are not allowed inside. Singular subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'is' =KÇ°ó#°. =¶ shop …Õ J#°=°uOKÇ|_È=ô. J‹¬…ÿ„¬æ\÷H© K͆ǰ|_Èx „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. Time iw not found o me at all.. W`Ç~¡°•° …ÕxH÷ J#°=°uO|_È~¡°. Classes are not conducted to us on sundays. Subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'am' =KÇ°ó#°. Holi festival is not celebrated in our area. 10. =¶ shop …Õ credit W=Þ|_È^ΰ. 2. J College …Õ late commers class …ÕH÷ J#°=°uOKÇ|_È~¡°. cheques Cheques are not accepted in our shop. 7. z#ß towns …Õ trafic rules ‡•\÷O„¬|_È=ô. D q^•Î=òQê regular Qê Hêx. [~¡°„¬|_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. =¶ town …Õ ã„¬^ÎiÅOKÇ|_È=ô. J =¶ college …Õ notes dictate K͆ǰ|_È^ΰ. 9. =¶ä›½ Sunday classes [~¡Q®=ô. XH› ª •i J=°à# =‹¬ ° ë = ô•° "Œ„¬ ‹ ¬ ° f‹¬°Hù#|_È=ô. 3. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° regular Qê …èH› J‹¬…„ ÿ æ¬ \H÷ © K͆°Ç |_Èx. 8. EXAMPLES 1. J =°# ‡ ã •O`ÇO…Õ ‚¬ìÙb „¬O_È°Q® [~¡°„¬|_È^°Î . 4. 307 =‹¬ ¶ •° Donations are not collected in that college. J‹¬•° Z„¬æ\÷H© K͆ǰ|_Èx. Goods once sold are not taken back. P college …Õ K͆ǰ|_È=ô. Milk is not sold here. Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ï~Q®°¼•~ŸQê.

JH›ø_È J‹¬•° ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò =$^•¥ Hê^ΰ. ~ŒRO…Õ „¬ # °ß•° ‹¬ i Qê =‹¬ ¶ •° K͆ǰ|_È@O …è^ΰ. notes dictate Notes is not dictated in our school at 9. J`Ç_È° JH›ø_È Z=iH© `³e†Ç°^ΰ. . 308 . Cities …Õ powersupply xe„²"͆ǰ|_È^ΰ. =¶ l…ìÁ…Õ K³~¡ä›½ „¬O_È^ΰ. 5. P college …Õ ‹¬ i †³ Ø ° # ‡•\÷O„¬|_È^°Î . : 94406 16425 . Accommodation is not provided to us there. Cleanliness is not maintained there x"ŒiO„¬|_È^ΰ. 4. W„¬C_È° money ready Qê LOKÇ|_È…è^ΰ. He is not known to any one there. 20. 11. English programmes 3. 19. 12. tht college. 17. JH›ø_È =°#䛽 =‹¬u H›eæOKÇ|_È^ΰ. g° school …Õ J‹¬•° K͆ǰ|_È^ΰ.. JH› ø _È punctuality (‹¬=°†Ç°‡••#) ‡•\÷O„¬|_È^°Î . 14. 18. Aids |_È~¡°. others have wishes. 6. =¶ school …Õ tests x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬|_È=ô. JH›ø_È J‹¬•° work delay J=^ΰ. <Í~¡‹¬°Ö•Ì„á KÇ~¡¼ f‹¬°HË|_È@O…è^ΰ. P ‹¬O‹¬Ö…Õ |_È=ô. JH›ø_È J‹¬•° ‰×Ã㠕’`Ç ‡•\÷OKÇ|_È^°Î . =¶ office L^˼Q®°•ä›½ working days …Õ J‹¬•° leave grant K͆ǰ|_È^ΰ. 2. salaries regular Qê K³eÁO„¬ Salaries are not pai promptly in that firm. J~ò# q^¥¼~¡°Ö•ä›½ K³eÁO„¬|_È^ΰ. ga es J‹¬•° practice 12. 1. 15. P route …Õ RTC buses #_È°„¬|_È=ô. Fail all. "ŒH›English ¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. D land ª•Q®°K͆°Ç |_È^°Î . D course admission 䛽 entrance test x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬|_È^ΰ. 13. discipline Good discipline is not maintained in EXERCISE D "ŒH›D ¼=ò•° …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 15. 14. scholarship Z Great minds have purpose. Time is not wasted there at all. Leave is not granted on working 8. 7. =¶ college …Õ K͆ǰ|_È=ô. 16. Late commers class …ÕxH÷ J#°=°uO„¬ 13. D channel …Õ „ ã ª¬ •~¡OHê=ô. 10. days to the employees in our office. Sugar cane is not grown in our istrict.

„ã u¬ <³•. g° Ti…Õ ^΋¬~Œ „¬O_È°Q® ƒìQê [~¡°Q®° `Ç°O^¥ ? Are tests conducted in your college every month ? 3. „ã u¬ ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡=ò regular Qê Z•Á„¬C_È° `Ç~¡KÇ°Qê „¬^Í „¬^Í K͆ǰ|_È°. g° hostel …Õ ã„¬u Pk"Œ~¡=ò special item serve K͆ǰ|_È°`Ç°O^¥? Is a special item served in your hostel every Sunday ? 6.V. Subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'am' =KÇ°ó#°. [~¡°„¬|_È° XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Am/Is/Are + III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. „ã u¬ "Œ~¡=ò. EXAMPLES 1. D q^•ÎOQê „ã u¬ ~ËA. sets repair K͆ǰ|_È`Œ†Ç¶ ? 2. g° club …Õ `Ç ~ ¡ K Ç ° Qê cultural programmes x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ|_È`Œ†Ç¶ ? Are cultural programmes often held in your club ? 10. Is Dasara festival celebrated grand in your village ? g° college …Õ HêÁ ‹ ¬ ° •° regular Qê 4. sets repaired here ? 7. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx I. g° college …Õ ã„¬u <³• tests x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬ |_È`Œ†Ç¶ ? 8. Plural Subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'are' =KÇ°ó#°. D grammar book Inter q^¥¼~¡ ° Ö • ä› ½ prescribe K͆°Ç |_•#^¥ ? Is this grammar book prascribed for the Intermediate students ? 9. Singular subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'is' =KÇ°ó#°.. [~¡°„¬|_È° XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò.V. g°ä›½ cleass •° regular Qê x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ |_È`Œ†Ç¶ ? g° office …Õ salary prompt Qê K³eÁO„¬ |_È°`Ç°O^¥ ? g° college …Õ =°Oz Hã =› °tH›}Æ ‡•\÷O„¬ |_È°`Ç°O^¥ ? P shop …Õ English medicins J=°à|_È `Œ†Ç¶ ? J J J J Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ï~Q®°¼•~ŸQê K͆ǰ|_È° „¬#°•#° ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° regular Qê …èH› „¬^Í „¬^Í K͆ǰ|_È°. g°ä›½ ㄬu <³• paper supply J=ô`Ç°O^¥ ? Madras #°Oz Is paper supplied to you from Madras every month ? . Are the classes conducted regularly in your college ? g° town …Õ English films ㄬ^ÎiÅOKÇ 5. Are English fims shown in your town? g°ä›½ ㄬu <³• salary prompt Qê K³eÁO„¬ x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ|_È`Œ†Ç¶? |_È`Œ†Ç¶ ? |_È°`Ç°O^¥ ? Is salary paid to you promptly every month ? 309 Are T. WH›ø_È T.

ª•^•¥~¡}OQê g° showroom …Õ <³•H÷ Zxß colour TV sets sale J=ô`Œ~ò? Howmany colour TV sets are usually sold in your showroom in a month ? 20. 310 . ª•^•¥~¡}OQê =°# state …Õ B. Citizen watches ZH›ø_È `dž¶ Ç ~¡=ô`Œ~ò? Where are the citizen watches made? 18. India H÷ sugar ZH›ø_È #°Oz import J=ô`Ç°Ok? 9. entrance test Z„¬C_È° x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ|_È° `Ç°Ok ? When is the B. ª•^•¥~¡OQê budget asembly …Õ U <³•…Õ ã„¬"͉×Ì„@“|_È°`Ç°Ok ? 11. 11. : 94406 16425 . Reynolds pens ZH›ø_È `džǶ~¡=ô`Œ~ò? 10. h䛽 personal Qê <³•ä›½ ZO`Ç Y~¡°ó J=ô`Ç°Ok ? Howmuch money is spent for your personal expenses every month ? 16.Ed. ª•^•¥~¡}OQê LQêk„¬O_È°Q® U <³•…Õ [~¡°Q®°`Ç°Ok? Z The higher the voice. ª•^•¥~¡O}OQê EAMCET question paper ZH›ø_È print J=ô`Ç°Ok? 15. ‹¬O=`Ç•~ŒxH÷ ZO`Ç=°Ok L^˼Q®°•° retire J=ô`Œ~¡°? 14.Ed. "ŒH›English ¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. =°# ^͉×O…Õ Q®O@䛽 ZO`Ç=°Ok „²•Á•° [xà‹¬°ë<Œß~¡°? Howmany children are born in an hour in our country ? EXERCISE D "ŒH›D ¼=ò•° …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. P shop Z„¬C_ȶ ZO^ΰ䛽 LO@°Ok ? close KÍ‹² Why is that shop alwasys closed ? 15. g° WO\ÕÁ <³ • H÷ ZO`Ç money Y~¡ ° ó J=ô`Ç°Ok ? 13. D medicine Jxß shop •…Õ J=°à|_È° `Ç°O^¥ ? 2. ª•^•¥~¡}OQê `³•°Q®°…Õ ‹¬O=`Ç•~ŒxH÷ Zxß films q_È°^Î…º`Œ~ò ? 12. …Õ news ~ËAH÷ Zxߪ•~¡°Á „ ã ª¬ •~¡ =°=ô`Œ~ò ? ETV Howmany times is the news telecast on ETV in a day ? 13.. ~ËAH÷ =°# town …Õ Zxß b@~¡Á supply JQ®°KÇ°#ßk ? milk Howmany litres milk is supplied in our town in a day ? 19. g° syllabus „ ã u ¬ ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O [#=i <³•…Õ „¬îië J=ô`Ç°O^¥ ? 8. 1. g° college …Õ first bell Z„¬C_È° ã"³¶yOKÇ |_È°`Ç°Ok ? When is the first bell rung in your college ? 12. g° l…ìÁ…Õ Z䛽ø=Qê U „¬O@ „¬O_È°`Ç°Ok? Which crop is mostly grown in your district ? 14. Mysore …Õ ^΋¬~Œ „¬O_È°Q® grand Qê [~¡°Q®°`Ç°O^¥ ? 7. g° institute …Õ ã„¬u<³• XH› fresh batch commence J=ô`Ç°O^¥ ? 3. Training Hê•O…Õ P L^˼Q®°•ä›½ stipend K³eÁO„¬|_È°`Ç°O^¥ ? 6. P hospital …Õ =°O^ΰ•° Lz`ÇOQê W=Þ|_È`Œ†Ç¶ ? 5. „¬ @ “ } ì•…Õ `Ç ~ ¡ K Ç ° Qê |O^£ • ° [~¡°Q®°`Ç°O\ì†Ç¶ ? 4. . entrance test usually held in our state ? 17. the smaller the intellect.

'Aren't' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. g° ‡ã •O`ÇO…Õ =i„¬O_È^¥? 2. D q^•Î=òQê ï~Q®°¼•~ŸQê Qêx. Aren't the classes conducted regularly in your college? D channel …Õ English movies „ã ª¬ •~¡O Hê"Œ? 4. Qê [~¡°Q®"Œ? 3. D ƒ•’¶q° ª•Q®°…Õ …è^¥? Isn't this land cultivated? 311 supply J‹¬•° xe„² Isn't power supply stopped at all in cities? g° town …Õ drinking water daily ‹¬~¡„¦¬~Œ J=^¥? Isn't drinking water supplied daily in your town? 8. Isn't Bonala festival celebrated in your area? D medicines D town …Õ ^ù~¡H›"Œ? Aren't these medicines sold in this town? `Çq°ˆ×<Œ_È°…Õ ZOã@<£• tests J‹¬ • ° x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬|_È"Œ? Aren't entrance tests conducted in Tamilnadu? . : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~¡°•`Ë =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß„¬C_È° ï~Q®°¼•~ŸQê K͆ǰ|_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. Isn't paddy grown in your area? g° college …Õ classes regular 6. Aren't English movies telecast on this channel? g° college …Õ J‹¬ • ° ã H › = °tH› Æ } 7. Note : EXAMPLES 1.'Isn't' Plural J~ò#„¬C_È° . J‹¬…ÿ„¬æ\÷H© K͆ǰ|_Èx. g° college H÷ late commers J#°=°uO„¬|_È~Œ? "ŒiH÷ J‹¬•° scholrship grant J=^¥? h=ô WH›ø_È Z=iH© `³e†Ç°^¥? D channel …Õ news „ã ª¬ •~¡O Hê"Œ? J J J J Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ï~Q®°¼•~ŸQê K͆ǰ|_Èx „¬#°•#° ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. 5.. * "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular J~ò#„¬C_È° . ‡•\÷O„¬|_È^¥? Isn't discipline maintained in your college? …Õ power "͆ǰ|_È^¥? Cities 10. g° ‡ã •O`ÇO…Õ ƒÕ<Œ• „¬O_È°Q® [~¡°Q®^¥? 9. [~¡°„¬|_Èx (Subject 䛽 Z@°=O\÷ ‡ã •^•¥#¼`Ç W=Þ䛽O_¨) XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Isn't / aren't + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.

. Sunday letters deliver K͆ǰ|_È"Œ? 3. g°ä› ½ salary K³eÁO„¬|_È^ΰ? regular : 94406 16425 Qê ZO^Î ° ä› ½ D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. Z 312 . hostels? 16. P door lock KÍ‹²…è^¥? 6. D town …Õ English ㄬ^ÎiÅO„¬|_È=ô? movies ZO^ΰ䛽 Why aren't English movies shown in this town? 17. schemes implemented strictly? 19. D fields H÷ water ZO^ΰ䛽 supply J=^ΰ? 12. c^Î q^¥¼~¡°•œ #°O_• K͆ǰ|_È^¥? mess bill =‹¬¶•° 5. Why isn't salary paid to you regularly? 12. Cancer ZO^Î ° ä› ½ x"ŒiO„¬ | _È ^ Î ° ? Why isn't cancer cured? 14. Bills ‹¬Hê•O…Õ ZO^ΰ䛽 pass Hê=ô? 15. D temple …Õ ã „ ¬ ` Í ¼ H› „¬ î [•° x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬|_È"Œ? 8. g°ä› ½ classes [~¡°Q®=ô? regular Qê ZO^Î ° ä› ½ 11. =°# ~ŒR L^˼Q®°•ä›½ K³eÁO„¬|_È^ΰ? bonus ZO^ΰ䛽 ZO^Î ° ä› ½ Why isn't cricket promoted in America? Laugh and be merry. hostels …Õ „¬i‰×Ãフ’`Ç ZO^ΰ䛽 ‡•\÷O„¬|_È^°Î ? Why isn't cleanliness maintained in the govt. =°# l…ìÁ…Õ „¬i‰ã = × °•° ZO^ΰ䛽 Ja•=$kœ K³O^Î=ô? 14. h䛽 Hindi J~¡ÖOHê^¥? 9. „ã ƒ¬ •’°`ÇÞ „¬^HΊ ê•° strict Qê ZO^ΰ䛽 J=°•° Hê=ô? Why aren't the govt. J"³ ° iHê…Õ cricket ‡ã é`Ç•‚²ìO„¬|_È^°Î ? 1. D ‹¬=°‹¬¼H÷ „¬i‘•ø~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽 ^ù~¡H^ › °Î ? 13. D q+¬†Ç°O h䛽 `³e†Ç°^¥? 7. Govt. g° monthly meetings …Õ ‹¬ = °‹¬ ¼ •° KÇióO„¬|_È"Œ? 4. =°# ~ŒRO…Õ Hã ù`Çë x†Ç¶=°Hê•° ZO^ΰ䛽 [~¡°Q®=ô? Why aren't the new recruitments made in our state? 15. Defaulters Ì „ á f‹¬°H›ù#|_È^ΰ? KÇ ~ ¡ ¼ ZO^Î ° ä› ½ Why isn't action taken against the defaulters? 20. g° college …Õ syllabus time H÷ ZO^ΰ䛽 „¬îiëJ=^ΰ? Why isn't the syllabus completed in time in your college? 18. D office …Õ work sincere Qê [~¡Q®^¥? 2. D camera ZO^ΰ䛽 use …Õ …è^ΰ? 10. g° school …Õ x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬|_È=ô? tests ZO^Î ° ä› ½ Why aren't the tests conducted in your school? 13. EXERCISE 'Wh' QUESTIONS 11.

press. 2. QUESTION FORM : ï~Q®°¼•~ŸQê K͆ǰ|_È° …èH› [~¡°„¬|_È° XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Is / Are + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 2. : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D ~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ "Am/Is/Are + III form of the Verb" J#° structure Q®°iOz <Í~°¡ óä½› <Œß=ò. NEGATIVE FORM : ï~Q®°¼•~ŸQê K͆ǰ|_Èx …èH› [~¡°„¬|_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Am not / Is not / Are not + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. D 4 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò. 3.000 is paid to him per month. nxx Grammar …Õ Passive Voice -Present Tense JO\ì~¡°. Is Hindi spoken in West Bengal? 4. Ex : 1. I am encouraged well in my studies.. 3. 2. NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM : ï~Q®°¼•~ŸQê K͆ǰ|_Èx. 3. POSITIVE FORM : ï~Q®°¼•~ŸQê K͆ǰ|_È° …èH› [~¡°„¬|_È° (Subuject 䛽 ‡ã •^•¥#¼`Ç …èä½› O_¨) XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Am / Is / Are + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 4. 5. 3. I am not treated well here. Negative Form 3. Ex : 1. Positive Form 2. Negative Question Form J#° 4 parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. 2. 1. Is this serial telecast daily? 2. Are the patients treated well in this hospital? 4. 4. Entry tax is not levied in Karnataka. 4. Question Form 4. Ex : 1. Ex : 313 1. [~¡°„¬|_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Isn't / Aren't + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Are the tests conducted every month? 3. Text books are printed in the govt. The door is not locked. Isn't grammar taught to you regularly? Aren't the letters delivered on holidays? Isn't permission given to you to go home on Sunday ? Aren't games practised in your school? . nx…Õ =°#=ò 1. Our festivals are not celebrated in Nepal. Rs. This chain is made of gold.

Spit spat spat 628. trust a few. Affliate affliated affliated 637. Negative Question Form ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 4 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. Advance advanced advanced 636. "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O. KÇH›øk^ΰí@ …ÕxH÷ J#°=°uOKÇ°. Acquire acquired acquired 631. Mistake mistook mistaken 625.. Adjust adjusted adjusted 633. Show showed showed 626. Lead led led 622. I Form II Form III Form 621. Blink blinked blinked D ~ËA Meaning #_È•„²OKÇ°@ J~¡Ö=òK³„¬C@ H›~¡yOKÇ°@ `Ç„¬CQêf‹¬°H›ù#°@ KǶ„²OKÇ°@ LKÇóiOKÇ°@ Lq°à"͆Çò@ 䛽@°“@ ‡ÚOQ®°@ ‡ÚO^ΰ@ "Œ~ò^¥"͆Çò@ ‹¬iK͆Çò. Anoint anointed anointed 639. . Swell swelled swollen 630. Adorn adorned adorned 635. Assassinate assassinated assassinated 640. Amend amended amended 638. Question Form. : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs. ‹¬=°àuOKÇ°@ J•OH›iOKÇ°@ =òO^ÎΰOKÇ°@ KÍ~¡°óH›ù#°@ ‹¬=iOKÇ°@ Ja•À+H›=ò K͆ò Ç @ ‚¬ì`Ǽ QêqOKÇ°@ q°}°H›iOKÇ°@ …Õx Positive Form. do wrong to none. Negative Form. Sting stang stang 629. Melt melted melted 624. Spoken English lesson Z 314 Love all. Mean meant meant 623. Spell spelt spelt 627. Adjourn adjourned adjourned 632. Admit admitted admitted 634.

x#ß *ÿq°x K•Œ#…˜…Õ XH› „ ã ª¬ •~¡"°³ # Ø k. x#ß =¶~òO\ÕÁ festival ƒìQê [iy#k. 1983…Õ `³•°Q®°^͉O× ‡•s“ U~Œæ@~ò#k. 1994 …Õ „¬O*샘 ‹¬=°‹¬¼ „¬i‘•ø~¡"°³ # Ø k.. x#ß JH›ø_È =¶ work „¬îië J~ò#k. [~¡°„¬|_•# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. 3. x#ß =¶ English class cancel J~ò#k. Q®`Ç"Œ~¡O =¶ office …Õ meeting [iy#k. D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ J#Qê x#ß. D book 2002 …Õ publish J~ò#k. Last Sunday bank test x~¡ Þ ‚² ì OKÇ 5. . The punjab problem was solved in 1994.A. H›eæOKÇ|_•#k. 10. [~¡°„¬|_•# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "was / were+ III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 315 xiàOKÇ|_•#k. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Singular Subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'was' Plural Subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'were' =KÇ°ó#°.B. x#ß =¶ town …Õ XH› ƒ•ìs ~Œ¼b 7. This book was published in 2002. Our English class was cancelled yesterday. 2. x#ß =¶ä› ½ guest house …Õ =‹¬ u 9. Q®`"Ç Œ~¡O. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡=ò …èH› Q®`OÇ …Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³#á #° K͆°Ç |_•#. new film 8. The bank test was conducted last Sunday. EXAMPLES 1. D house 20 ‹¬ O =`Ç • ~Œ•ã H ÷ ` Ç O 4. Q®`Ç <³•. Subject 䛽 ‡ã •^•¥#¼`Ç LO_È^ΰ. : 94406 16425 PASSIVE VOICE . This house was constructed twenty years ago. The festival was celebrated very grand in our house yesterday. Entrance test x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ|_•#k. Q®`Ç <³• complex …Õ XH› ãHù`Çë show room open J~ò#k. The accommodation was provided for us in the guest house yesterday. A new film was telecast on Gemini Channel yesterday. 6. x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ|_•#k. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O E<£ 21# M. |_•#k. J J J J „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`OÇ …Õ K͆°Ç |_•# „¬#°•#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq.PAST XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ K͆°Ç |_•#. A huge rally was organized in our town yesterday. The Telugu Desam party was formed in 1983.

12. The Pakisthan tteam was defeated in the match yesterday.1 preliminary test x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ|_•#k. x#ß D q+¬†Ç°O JO^ÎiH© `³e‹²#k. 5. 18. Last month J`ÇxH÷ Rs. The Nagarjuna Sagar dam was constructed in 1952. Our syllabus was completed in the month of January last year. 12. 11. D ‹¬O‹¬Ö 1948 …Õ ª•Ö„O² KÇ|_•#k. 16. x#ß\÷ match …Õ Pakisthan F_•‡é~ò#k. Last time =¶ „¬sH›•Æ ° "Œ~ò^¥ „¬_•#q. My father was transferred to Nellore last month. 316 . 1. 19. 3. 1984…Õ |_•<Œ~¡°. 15. 14. 4. Indira Gandhi was assassinated in 1984. 8. . EXERCISE D "ŒH›D ¼=ò•° …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. x#ß cards Jhß distribute J~ò#q. : 94406 16425 . x#ß road accident …Õ #•°Q® ° ~¡ ° „ ã † ¬ ¶ Ç }÷ä½› •° Qê†Ç°„¬_•<Œ~¡°. Q®`<Ç •³ ‚Ì ìá ^Î~Œƒì^£…Õ „ã ƒ¬ •’°`ŒÞxH÷ #H›•…˜• 䛽 =°^•Î¼ KÇ~•ó¡ ° [iy#q. x#ß S.C. 14. "ŒH›English ¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. ^Í=^¥‹¬° film N "Í^¥O`ÇO ~Œ„¦¬°=†Ç°¼ QêiKÍ direct K͆°Ç |_•#k. x#ß P shoping complex …Õ XH› ãHù`Çë showroom open J~ò#k. Four passengers were injured in the road accident yesterday. x#ß =¶ club …Õ cultural programmes x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ|_•#q. x#ß <³ • ¶Á ~ ¡ ° town …Õ |O^£ ‡•\÷OKÇ|_•#k. =¶ father last month Nellore 䛽 transfer J~ò<Œ~¡°. P"³° x#ß government hospital …Õ admit K͆°Ç |_•#k. Last week P W•°Á Mìm J~ò#k. x#ß c‚¬ð~Ÿ ZxßH•› …Õ 70 ‰§`ÇO F@°Á poll J~ò<Œ~ò. All the cards were distributed yesterday. 6. x#ß =¶ï ~ ø\˜ ~Ë_È ° Û … Õx Pã H › = °}•° `ù•yO„¬|_•#q. light a lamp. Q®`Ç <³• R & B department …Õ ãHù`Çë x†Ç¶=°Hê•° [iy#q. IndiraGandhi ‚¬ ì `Ç ¼ QêqO„¬ Mrs. 10. <ŒQê~¡ ° û # ª•Q® ~ Ÿ _¨"£ ° 1952…Õ xiàOKÇ|_•#k. Grand arrangements were made for the function yesterday. 7. 11. 15. „¦e¬ `Œ•° „ ã H¬ \ › O÷ „¬|_•#q.S. 2. 20. Our examinations were postponed last time. 13.. 9. Z Don't curse darkness. Last year =¶ syllabus [#=i…Õ<Í „¬îië J~ò#k. 50000 loan sanction J~ò#k. 17. x#ß function 䛽 U~Œæ@°Á ƒ•ìsQê [iy#q. Last Sunday Group .

I. 4. J J J J Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`ÇO…Õ K͆ǰ|_Èx „¬#°•#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. 3. =¶ brother H÷ x#ß ‹Ì •=ô •a•OKÇ…^è °Î . 2. 9. x#ß =¶ä›½ English class [~¡°Q®…è^ΰ. 317 6. Last year MBA entrance test x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬ 7. MBA entrance test was not conductd last year. Money was not paid to him yesterday. x#ß L. Q®`"Ç Œ~¡O. EXAMPLES 1. Action was not taken against him last time. [~¡°„¬|_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› Q®`OÇ …Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³#á #° K͆°Ç |_Èx. J`ÇxH÷ last time loan sanction Hê…è^ΰ. D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õ XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ J#Qê x#ß. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~¡°•`Ë =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß„¬C_È° Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ K͆ǰ|_Èx. =¶ä›½ x#ß permission •a•OKÇ…^è °Î .C office yesterday. The message was not sent to them last time. x#ß J`ÇxH÷ money K³eÁO„¬|_È…è^ΰ.C. 8. …Õ Hã ù`Çë „¬#°ß•° qk•O„¬ New taxes were not levied in the last budget. The loan was not sanctioned to him last time. Last budject |_È…è^ΰ. 5. Last time J`ÇxÌ„á KÇ~¡¼ f‹¬°Hù#|_È…è^ΰ. |_È…è^ΰ. Last year P posts ƒ•’së K͆°Ç |_È…^ è °Î . Plural subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'were' =KÇ°ó#°.. x#ß =¶ ‹¬=°‹¬¼ „¬i‘•ø~¡O Hê…è^°Î . Q®`<Ç •³ . * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Singular subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'was' =KÇ°ó#°. English class was not taken to us yesterday. J`ÇxH÷ P bank …Õ loan sanction Hê…è^ΰ. [~¡°„¬|_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Was/Were + not + III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. office …Õ =¶ work „¬îië Our work was not finished in the L. x#ß =¶ä›½ Ì‹•=ô ㄬH›\÷OKÇ|_È…è^ΰ. A holiday was not declared to us yesterday. 10.I. Hê…è^ΰ. . Permission was not given to us yesterday. "ŒiH÷ last time message „¬O„¬|_È…è^ΰ.

P ‹¬ = °‹¬ ¼ ä› ½ J„¬ C _È ° „¬ i ‘•ø~¡ = ò ^ù~¡H›…è^ΰ. 6. 1. 9. =¶ä› ½ school level …Õ Grammar 19. D "ŒH›D ¼=ò•° …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. x#ß "ŒiH÷ amount adjust Hê…è^ΰ. 15. Last time J`ÇxÌ„á case file Hê…è^ΰ. D Funds were not allocated to the Veligonda project in the last budget. 12.Ed. x#ß =¶ä›½ JH›ø_È =‹¬u H›eæOKÇ|_È…è^ΰ. x#ß g°\÷ O Q· … Õ KÇióO„¬|_È…è^ΰ. "ŒiH÷ information „¬O„¬|_È…è^ΰ. x†Ç¶=°Hê•° [~¡°Q®…è^ΰ. 14. 4. The arrangements were not made properly there for the function yesterday. 7. "ŒH›English ¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate q+¬ † Ç ° O 13. Our college annual day was not celebrated last year. 318 . =¶ brother last x†Ç°q°O„¬|_È…è^ΰ. 11. 10. The syllabus was not completed to us last year. J`Ç x H÷ sanction last time P bank …Õ loan Hê…è^ΰ. 11. <Œq°<Í + ¬ < £ time time P post …Õ Last time WH›ø_È votes ‹¬iQê poll Hê…è^°Î . : 94406 16425 . 17. Last budget …Õ Veligonda project 䛽 x^•Î°•° Hö \ì~òO„¬|_È…^ è °Î . K͆°Ç O_•. x#ß =¶ town …Õ bandh ‡•\÷O„¬|_È…^ è °Î . Last year =°# state …Õ ã H ù`Ç ë 20. Bandh was not observed in our town yesterday. EXERCISE <ÍiæO„¬|_È…è^ΰ. Last month report submit K͆ǰ|_È…è^ΰ. x#ß treasury …Õ =¶ bill pass Hê…è^ΰ. entrance test x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬ This matter was not discussed in the meeting yesterday. Our problem was not solved last time. 5. Last [~¡°Q®…è^ΰ. Last year =¶ä›½ college …Õ syllabus „¬îië Hê…è^ΰ. 18.. 8. P†Ç ° # J#°=°uO„¬|_È…è^ΰ. 12. x#ß JH›ø_È function H÷ U~Œæ@°Á ‹¬iQê¾ 3. 2. |_È…è^ΰ. New appointments were not made in our state last year. 16. J`Çx Jƒ•’¼iÖ`ÇÞ=ò „¬iQ®}÷O„¬|_È…è^ΰ (consider). Grammar was not taught to us at school level. 14. x#ß =¶ WO\ÕÁ „¬O_È°Q® [~¡Q®…è^ΰ. 13. Z He laughs the best who laughs last. P"³°H÷ x#ß H›O\÷H÷ operation [~¡°Q®…è^ΰ. . The licence was not issued to them last time. Last year =¶ college annual day celebrate K͆ǰ|_È…è^ΰ. Last year B. "ŒiH÷ last time licence issue K͆ǰ|_È…è^ΰ. Last time =¶ problem solve Hê…è^ΰ. 15.

D W•°Á 60 ‹¬ O =`Ç • ~¡ = ò• ã H ÷ ` Ç O xiàO„¬|_•#^¥ ? 4. entrance test x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ|_•#^¥? J J J J „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`OÇ …Õ K͆°Ç |_•# „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz „ ã t ¬ ßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. Q®`"Ç Œ~¡O. x#ß g°ä› ½ J~ò#^¥? 2. junior doctors 䛽 =°^μ 9. of the entry tax abolished last year ? Was your English class cancelled yesterday ? Last mnth teacher post •ä›½ interviews 7. D q^•ÎOQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ J#Qê x#ß. EXAMPLES 1. Was the function celebrated grand in your house yesterday ? Was this house constructed sixty years ago ? x#ß =°OãuH÷. [~¡°„¬|_•# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz „ ã t ¬ ßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. English class cancel 5. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~¡°•`Ë =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß„¬C_È° Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ K͆°Ç |_•#.O. Q®`<Ç •³ .O. x#ß JÌ‹OcÁ…Õ budget „ã "¬ ‰Í „Ì× @“|_•#^¥? Were the interviews held for the teacher posts last month ? 8. 319 Last year entry tax G. Were your cheques encashed in Andhra Bank yesterday ? KÇ~¡ó•° [iy#"Œ ? Last time K͆°Ç |_•#^¥? J`Ç x Ì „ á case file Was the case filed against him last time? . x#ß g° cheques POã^•¥ ƒì¼OH±…Õ encash J~ò#"Œ ? Were the discussions made among the minister and the junior doctors yesterday? x#ß wedding cards print J~ò#"Œ ? Were the wedding cards printed yesterday ? 10. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› Q®`OÇ …Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³#á #° K͆°Ç |_•# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Was/Were + III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Singular Subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'was" =KÇ°ó#°. x#ß g° WO\ÕÁ function ƒìQê [iyO^¥ ? Was the budget presented in the Assembly yesterday ? [iy#"Œ ? 3.Ed. Plural Subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'were" =KÇ°ó#°. ~¡^°Î í J~ò#^¥? Was the G.. 6. x#ß JH›ø_È g° work „¬îië J~ò#^¥ ? Q®`Ç"Œ~¡O g° office …Õ meeting [iy#^¥ ? Q®`<Ç •³ complex …Õ XH› ãHù`Çë show room open J~ò#^¥ ? Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O B.

`³•°Q®°^͉O× ‡•s“ Z„¬C_È° U~Œæ># Øÿ k ? 10. to forgive divine. N ~Œr"£ QêOn• ZH›ø_È ‚¬ì`Ǽ QêqOKÇ|_• <Œ~¡° ? 9. x#ß P case f~¡°æ „ ã H¬ \ › O÷ „¬|_•#^¥ ? 5. P W•°Á Z„¬C_È° Mìm J~ò#k ? When was that house vacated ? g°ä› ½ =‹¬ ° ë = ô•° J~ò<Œ†Ç¶ ? Last month deliver 3. Ja•…ì+¬ #=• Z=iKÍ`Ç "ã Œ†Ç°|_•#k ? By whom was the novel 'Abhilasha' written ? 18. •þ film g° town …Õ Zxß ~ËA•° „ã ^¬ iÎ ÅO„¬|_•#k ? Howmany days was the film 'Lakshmi' shown in your town ? 17. x#ß g°ä›½ message JOk#^¥ ? g°ä›½ Zxß JOk#q ? 2. x#ß g° meeting ZO^ΰ䛽 J~ò#k ? 12.V. P"³° x#ß hospital #°Oz discharge J~ò#^¥ ? 8. 320 . ‡é~ò# ZxßH›•…Õ =°# x†³¶[H›=~¡¾O…Õ Zxß nominations file K͆°Ç |_•#q ? Z To err is human. x#ß g°\÷OQ·…Õ U q+¬†°Ç O KÇiOó „¬|_• #k ? 12. D W•°Á 1980…Õ xiàO„¬|_•#^¥ ? 7. x#ß P programme ZO^ΰ䛽 J~ò#k ? 14. =°‚¬ð`ŒàQêOn• Z„¬C_È° [xàOKŒ~¡° ? 11. …Õ U film telecast Which film was telecast on Gemini T. EXERCISE 'Wh' QUESTIONS 11. „¬O*샘 ‹¬=°‹¬¼ Z…ì „¬i+¬øiO„¬|_•#k? How was the Punjab problem solved? 16. Last year „¬sH›Æ•° ~¡^ΰíJ~ò#"Œ ? 6. cancel Last time Zxß teacher posts ƒ•’së K͆°Ç |_•#q ? 15. last night ? 14. x#ß g°ä› ½ dinner ZH› ø _È U~Œæ@° K͆°Ç |_•#k ? Where was the dinner arranged for you yesterday ? 10. cancel D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. ~Œãu Gemini J~ò#k ? T.. Last time application forms Howmany application forms were received to you last time ? 13.V. : 94406 16425 Last time ‡•~¡" Á °³ O\˜ ZxßH•› …Õ g° town …Õ Zxß F@°Á poll J~ò#q ? Howmany votes were polled in your town in the last Parliament elections ? 19. P ƒì¼O䛽…Õ Q®`Ç <³• ZO`Ç deposit K͆°Ç |_•Ok ? amount Howmuch amount was deposited in that bank last month ? 15. Why was your meeting cancelled yesterday ? 1. g° office …Õ Zxß files clear K͆°Ç |_•<Œ~ò ? Last week 13. x#ß g° town …Õ |O^£ ‡•\÷O„¬|_•#^¥ ? 4.

. Last month h䛽 salary ~Œ…è^¥? Wasn't salary paid to you last month? 4. D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õ XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ x#ß. x#ß SBI …Õ g° cheque encash Hê…è^¥? Wasn't your cheque encashed in SBI yesterday? 10. x#ß JH›ø_È g° work „¬îië Hê…è^¥? Wasn't your work finished there yesterday? .'Weren't' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. [~¡°„¬|_Èx (Subject 䛽 Z@°=O\÷ ‡ã •^•¥#¼`Ç W=Þ䛽O_¨) XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Wasn't / Weren't + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Note : EXAMPLES 1. Last month g°ä›½ interviews [~¡°Q®…è^¥? Weren't the interviews conducted to you last month? 7. students last year? 8. x#ß g° bill pass Hê…è^¥? 6. x#ß g°ä›½ hall tickets issue Hê…è^¥? Weren't the hall tickets issued to you yesterday? 9. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› Q®`OÇ …Õx U W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^³á##° K͆ǰ|_Èx.C Wasn't your bill passed yesterday? 2. x#ß g°ä›½ telegram JO^Î…è^¥? Wasn't the telegram received to you yesterday? 5. x#ß cards „¬O„²}©Hê…è^¥? Weren't the yesterday? 321 cards distributed q^¥¼~¡°Ö•ä›½ scholarships =°OE~¡°Hê…è^¥? Weren't scholarships granted to the B. Q®`<Ç •³ . Q®`"Ç Œ~¡O. h䛽 x#ß message JO^Î…è^¥ ? h䛽 D q+¬†Ç°O x#ß `³e†Ç°…è^¥ ? J J J J g°ä›½ P problem 䛽 „¬i‘•ø~¡O ^ù~¡H…› ^è ¥? Last month admissions =òy†Ç°…è^¥? Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ K͆ǰ|_Èx „¬#°•#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq.C. x#ß meeting …Õ D q+¬†Ç°O KÇ~¡ó䛽 ~Œ…è^¥? Wasn't this matter discussed in the meeting yesterday? 3. * "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular J~ò#„¬C_È° . Last year B.'Wasn't' Plural J~ò#„¬C_È° . : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~¡°•`Ë =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß„¬C_È° Q®`ÇO…Õ XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ K͆ǰ|_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò.

EXERCISE 'Wh' QUESTIONS 11. h䛽 last time P bank …Õ loan ZO^ΰ䛽 sanction Hê…è^ΰ? 14. Group-4 „¦¬e`Œ•° ZO^ΰ䛽 ~Œ…è^ΰ? Why weren't announced? Group-4 : 94406 16425 results 18. x#ß judgement ZO^ΰ䛽 "³•°=_È…è^ΰ? Z Beware of the fury of a patient man. Last year [~¡Q®…è^ΰ? entrance test ZO^Î ° ä› ½ Why wasn't the entrance test conducted last year? 12.. 1. g° Hê…èr…Õ x#ß Farewell Party ZO^ΰ䛽 [~¡Q®…è^ΰ? Why wasn't the Farewell Party celebrated in your college yesterday? 15. g°ä›½ x#ß J#°=°u ZO^ΰ䛽 •a•OKÇ…^ è °Î ? Why wasn't the permission given to you yesterday? 14. h application accept Hê…è^¥? 6. x#ß h䛽 money Y~¡°óHê…è^¥? 9. Last time Group-I x†Ç¶=°Hê•° ZO^ΰ䛽 [~¡Q®…è^ΰ? Why weren't the Group-I appointments made last year? 16. 4. 322 .V …Õ Hê…è^ΰ? movie ZO^ΰ䛽 ㄬª•~¡O 11. x#ß India . Last time g° problem ZO^ΰ䛽 solve Hê…è^ΰ? 13. x#ß function H÷ U~Œæ@°Á ZO^Î ° ä› ½ [~¡Q®…è^ΰ? Why weren't the arrangements made to the function yesterday? 19. Q®`Ç ZxßH•› …Õ F@°Á ƒ•ìsQê ZO^ΰ䛽 poll Hê…è^ΰ? Why weren't the votes polled heavily in the last elections? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. h䛽 D q+¬†Ç°O J„¬C_È° `³e†Ç°^¥? 3. P college …Õ last year ‹Ô@°Á ZO^ΰ䛽 ƒ•’së Hê…è^°Î ? 12. Last year J`Ç _ È ° ZO^Î ° ä› ½ Hê…è^ΰ? promote Why wasn't he promoted last year? 17. Last year syllabus intime …Õ „¬îië Hê…è^¥? 7. Last time P†Ç°# ‹¬~æ¡ OKŸQê ZxßH› Hê…è^¥? 8. ~Œãu T. Last year Hê…è^¥? h=ô Last month teacher post H÷ select P house vacate Hê…è^¥? 5. h䛽 x#ß time ^ù~¡H›…è^¥? 2. Last time P†Ç°# ZO^ΰ䛽 transfer Hê…è^ΰ? 15.England =°^•Î¼ one-day match ZO^ΰ䛽 [~¡Q®…è^ΰ? Why wasn't the one-day match played between India and England yesterday? 20. x#ß g°ä›½ test ZO^ΰ䛽 [~¡Q®…è^ΰ? 10. h䛽 x#ß leave ZO^ΰ䛽 grant Hê…è^ΰ? Why wasn't the leave granted to you yesterday ? 13.

3. 4. [~¡°„¬|_•# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Was / Were + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. nx…Õ =°#=ò 1. yesterday? Weren't the orders sent to them last week? Wasn't the loan cleared last month? Weren't the books damaged then? . 3. QUESTION FORM : Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ K͆°Ç |_•#. NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM : Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ K͆ǰ|_Èx. Cultural programmes were not held in the function last night.V. 4. Question Form 4. Ex : 1. 2. She was not treated well in the hospital there. Negative Question Form J#° 4 parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. 2. Ex : 323 1. Our proposal was not accepted yesterday. Wasn't the programme relayed on T. NEGATIVE FORM : Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ K͆°Ç |_Èx. 3.. nxx Grammar …Õ "Passive Voice -Past Tense" JO\ì~¡°. [~¡°„¬|_•# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz „ ã t ¬ ßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Was / Were + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. This film was released last month. POSITIVE FORM : Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ K͆°Ç |_•#. Degree admissions were closed last month. Ex : 1. Ex : 1. Positive Form 2. 2. 3. The wedding cards were distributed yesterday. 2. [~¡°„¬|_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Wasn't / Weren't + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 3. D 4 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò. He was not invited to the party yesterday. 4. 1. Negative Form 3. 2. This book was published in 2003. Was dinner arranged to the guests yesterday? Were the letters dispatched last week? Was he suspended from the service last month? Were the encroachments removed last month? 4. : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D ~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ 'Was/Were + III form of the Verb ' J#° structure Q®°iOz <Í~°¡ óä½› <Œß=ò. 4. [~¡°„¬|_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Was not / Were not + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.

H›•°„¬ô@ K³_ÈÛ„¬x K͆Çò@ ƒ•’^ã „Î ~¬ K ¡ °Ç @ F^¥~¡°ó@ H›ey†ÇòO_È°@ Hê^Î#°@ ‡é•°ó@ =ü†Çò@ …ÿH›øÌ„@°“@ „¬Q®°•°@ ‡ã •ä›½@ …Õx Positive Form. Bury buried buried 643. Count counted counted 659. .. Cover covered covered 658. À„~¡°H›ù#°@ H›e‹² „¬xK͆Çò@ KÍ~¡°ó@. Bulge bulged bulged 642. Crawl crawled crawled D ~ËA Meaning L|°Ä@. Negative Question Form ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 4 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. Cater catered catered 645. : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs. Question Form. "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O. Centralize centralized centralized 644. Collaborate collaborated collaborated 650. Conserve conserved conserved 653. Commit committed committed 652. Clot clotted clotted 649. Contradict contradicted contradicted 656. Contrast contrasted contrasted 657. "Œ†Çò@ „¬î_È°ó@ öHOãnH›iOKÇ°@ ƒ•Õ[#=ò =_•ÛOKÇ°@ KÇ„¬æ@°Á KÇ~¡°KÇ°@ XH›^¥xHùH›\÷ _•™ H›ù#°@ `Ç~Q¡ `® °Ç •°Qê qƒ•’lOKÇ°@ Q®_ÈÛH›@°“@. Contain contained contained 655. Clash clashed clashed 647. Console consoled consoled 654. Clap clapped clapped 646. Combine combined combined 651. Crash crashed crashed 660. Negative Form. Classify classified classified 648. I Form II Form III Form 641. Spoken English lesson Z 324 A proverb is one man's wit and all men's wisdom.

The programme will be commenced at 7 p. =KÍ"ó Œ~¡O. [~¡°„¬|_È° XH› „¬xx ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò.FUTURE XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ K͆°Ç |_È°. "³ò^Ε=ô`Ç°Ok. entrance test will be conducted nextweek.Ed. ö ~ „¬ ô 7 p. A new scheme will be launched for the youth soon. Degree final year results will be announced tomorrow. P „¬xx K͆ò Ç "ŒiH÷ ‡ã •^•¥#¼`Ç LO_È^°Î . =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°ë…Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³á##° XH› „¬x K͆ǰ|_È°@#° [~¡°Q®°@#° Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽. "Will + be + III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°.m. . 4. Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°ë…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ K͆ǰ|_È°. †Çò=䛽•HË‹¬O `ÇÞ~¡…Õ XH› new scheme ‡ã •~¡Oƒ•’=°=ô`Ç°Ok. Grand dinner will be arranged to the guests tomorrow.Ed entrance test x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ appointment orders The appointment orders will be received to the candidates soon. Intermediate syllabus will be changed next year. |_È°`Ç°Ok. This house will be vacated next month. =KÍó"Œ~¡O Inter „¦¬e`Œ•° ㄬH›\÷OKÇ|_È`Œ~ò. ö~„¬ô guests 䛽 grand dinner U~Œæ@° 9. `Ç Þ ~¡ … Õ Hêjà~¡ ° ‹¬ = °‹¬ ¼ „¬ i ‘•ø~¡ = ° =ô`Ç°Ok. J`Ç x H÷ next week SBI …Õ 1 •H› Æ ~¡¶‡•†Ç°• loan sanction J=ô`Ç°Ok. Plural U^³á##° 'will be + III form' =KÇ°ó#°. 10. : 94406 16425 PASSIVE VOICE . EXAMPLES 1. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject -Singular. Nextweek B. J J J J ö~„¬ô =¶ä›½ meeting [~¡°Q®°`Ç°Ok.. =KÍó <³•. D house next month Mìm J=ô`Ç°Ok. 2.m. =KÍó <³• =¶ä›½ bonus K³eÁO„¬|_È°`Ç°Ok. `ÇÞ~¡…Õ Jƒ•’¼~¡°•Ö 䛽 JO^ΰ`Œ~ò. 1 lakh will be sanctioned to him in SBI next week. tomorrow. Next year Inter syllabus =¶~¡°`Ç°Ok. ö~„¬ô JH›ø_È function 䛽 U~Œæ@°Á [~¡°Q®°`Œ~ò. K͆ǰ|_È°`Ç°Ok. Kashmir problem will be solved soon. ö~„¬ô degree final year results ㄬH›\÷OKÇ |_È°`Œ~ò. A loan of Rs. 5. [~¡°„¬|_È° „¬#°•#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. 3. D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ J#Qê ~ö „¬ô. 325 6. B. H÷ programme 8. 7.

|_È°`Œ~ò. Narasimha Rao qãQ®‚¬ì=ò Pq+¬øiO„¬|_È°`Ç°Ok. =¶ brother next year manager Qê promote J=ô`Œ_È°.P. ö ~ „¬ ô meeting …Õ XH› decision f‹¬°HË|_È°`Ç°Ok. `ÇÞ~¡…Õ =°# ~Œã+¬“O…Õ XH› new party U~Œæ@° J=ô`Ç°Ok. 4. 12.D. <ŒQê~¡ ° û # Hù`Ç ë ‹² x =¶ next Firday release J=ô`Ç°Ok.. <Œ†Ç°ä›½• =°^•Î¼ KÇ~ó•¡ ° [~¡°Q®°`Œ~ò. 1. 7. …Õ T.V. Next year =¶ college …Õ Hã ù`Çë HË~¡°••° introduce K͆ǰ|_È`Œ~ò. A new shopping complex will be constructed in the site soon. Next Monday D cheque bank …Õ cash 15. …Õ P. `ÇÞ~¡…Õ Hyd. 8. Next year J`Ç_È° officer Qê promote J=ô`Œ_È°. tomorrow. 20. 14. and the BJP leaders in Hyd. D q+¬ † Ç ° O This matter will be discussed in the meeting tomorrow.000 teacher post •° ƒ•’së K͆°Ç |_È°`Œ~ò. 9. `ÇÞ~¡…Õ =°~¡• „ã ƒ¬ •’°`ŒÞxH÷ =°i†Çò #H›•…˜• =°^•Î¼ KÇ~•ó¡ ° [~¡°Q®°`Œ~ò. next Sunday =¶ college annual day [~¡°Q®°`Ç°Ok. 3. `ÇÞ~¡…Õ Group . `ÇÞ~¡…Õ ZxßH•› <Ë\÷„Hö²¦ +¬<£ "³•°=_È°`Ç°Ok. "ŒH›English ¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 17. 20. 11. 19. wealthy and wise. Z Early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy. g°ä›½ exams `Ç~°¡ "Œ`Ç ‹ Ì •=ô•° „ ã H¬ \ › O÷ KÇ |_È`Œ~ò. 15. =°i†Çò B. =KÍó <³• 28# ‡•~¡Á"³°O\˜…Õ budget 12. P ‹¬•Ö O…Õ `ÇÞ~¡…Õ XH› shopping complex xiàOKÇ|_È°`Ç°Ok. 2. The Budget will be presented in the Parliament on 28th next month.000 teacher posts will be filled up through the DSC next May. 11. New taxes will be levied in the next budget. 14. 13. Nagarjuna's new fim will be released next Friday. ㄬ"͉×Ì„@“|_È°#°. J=ô`Ç°Ok. 10.2 post ƒ•’sHë ÷ notification "³•°=_È°`Ç°Ok. ö ~ „¬ ô g°\÷ O Q· … Õ KÇióO„¬|_È°`Ç°Ok.P. 18. This cheque will be encashed in the bank next Monday. My brother will be promoted as manager next year. ~Œã+¬“O…Õ Jxß High Schools =KÍó June 13 # reopen J=ô`Œ~ò. Discussions will be made among the T. „ã ƒ¬ •’°`ÇÞ L^˼Q®°•ä›½ `ÇÞ~¡…Õ bonus K³eOÁ „¬ |_È°`Ç°Ok.D. 5. =KÍó "Í° …Õ DSC ^¥Þ~Œ 20.P. 13. 6. Next Sunday =¶ Ti…Õ Lz`Ç <Íã`Ç zH÷`•Ç ta~¡O U~Œæ@° K͆°Ç |_È°`Ç°Ok. 326 . EXERCISE D "ŒH›D ¼=ò•° …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. . `ÇÞ~¡…Õ g° problem solve J=ô`Ç°Ok.J. The Election Notification will be issued soon. ö~„¬ô P öH‹¬° judgement "³•°=_È°`Ç°Ok. =KÍó budget …Õ Hù`Çë „¬#°ß•° qk•O„¬ 16. : 94406 16425 . =KÍ ó " Œ~¡ O =°~¡ … ì petrol ^•Î~¡ Ì„~¡°Q®°`Ç°Ok. ö~„¬ô Hyd.

J J J J „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ K͆°Ç |_Èx „¬#°•#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. P†Ç°# D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O transfer J=_È°. This matter will not be discussed in the meeting tomorrow. 7. Inter q^¥¼~¡°• Ö ä›½ D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O syllabus =¶~¡^ΰ. Group-1 appointments will not be held this year. D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O "ŒiH÷ ƒÕ#‹¹ K³eOÁ „¬|_È^°Î . D ª•i „¬sH›•Æ ° "Œ~ò^¥ „¬_=È ô. 9. =KÍ"ó Œ~¡O. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°ë…Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³á##° K͆ǰ|_Èx. ö~„¬ô JH›ø_È KÇ~¡ó•° [~¡°Q®=ô. [~¡°„¬|_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. 8. The Mandal elections will not be held this year. EXAMPLES 1. 10. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular.. 2. WH› D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O Group-I x†Ç¶=°Hê•° [~¡°Q®=ô. He will not be transfered this year. 327 6. Examinations will not be postponed this time. D work D ~ËA „¬îië J=^ΰ. [~¡°„¬|_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Will not+ be + III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O Hù`Çë x†Ç¶=°Hê•° [~¡°Q®=ô. Work will not be delayed this time. . 4. D ª•i work delay J=^ΰ. D <³•…Õ D course „¬îië J=^ΰ. This work will not be finished today. This course will not be completed this month. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ K͆ǰ|_Èx. The syllabus will not be changed for Inter students this year. D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ J#Qê ~ö „¬ô. Dª•i „¬sH›•Æ ° "Œ~ò^¥ „¬_= È ô. =KÍ<ó •³ . Leave will not be granted to you tomorrow. 3. Plural U^³á##¶ 'Will not + be + III form of the verb" =KÇ°ó#°. ~ö „¬ô g°\÷OQ·…Õ D q+¬†°Ç O KÇióO„¬|_È^°Î . 5. D ‹¬ O =`Ç • ~¡ O =°O_È • Zxß H › • ° x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬|_È=ô. ö~„¬ô h䛽 leave grant J=^ΰ.

11. 15. 14. D academic year …Õ SSC q^¥¼~¡°Ö•ä›½ syllabus =¶~¡^ΰ. : 94406 16425 . P W•°Á D <³•…Õ MìmJ=^ΰ. This G. D G.O. ö~„¬ô =°#䛽 JH›ø_È time •a•OKÇ^°Î . D ª•i h䛽 J=Hê‰×O W=Þ|_È^°Î . time. D <³•…Õ =°Oãu=~¡¾ q‹¬ë~¡} [~¡Q®^ΰ. 17. Time will not be found to us there tomorrow. office …Õ meeting x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬ 3. "ŒH›English ¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 䛽 cricket 8. D ‡Ú~¡‡•@° =°~¡• [~¡°Q®^°Î . 4. P"³° D "Œ~¡O 䛕_¨ discharge J=^ΰ. 12. 1. =KÍó budget …Õ ä›•_¨ D x^•Î°•° Hö \ì~òO„¬|_È=ô. Teacher posts DSC ^¥Þ~Œ 12. colony …Õ The New Year Day will not be celebrated in our colony this time. EXERCISE New year Day hospital #°O_• 9.O. Kashmir problem will not be solved easily. This news will not be known to them. Dª•i =¶ college …Õ tournments x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬|_È=ô. will not be cancelled. g° Dª•i bonus K³eÁO„¬|_È^ΰ. this year. ~¡^ΰí J=^ΰ. Hêjà~Ÿ ‹¬=°‹¬¼ ‹¬°•ƒ•’OQê „¬i‘•ø~¡=°=^ΰ. „¬sH›Æ• `Ç~¡°"Œ`Ç holidays ㄬH›\÷O„¬|_È=ô. Holidays will not be declared after the exams. 20. 18. The wages of sin is death. h=ô D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O promote Hê=ô. 13. 6. Dª•i =¶ä›½ syllabus „¬îië J=^ΰ. 10. 19. there tomorrow. 11. Z 328 . D news "ŒiH÷ `³e†Ç°^ΰ. She will not be discharged from the hospital this week also.. D "Œ~¡O |_È^ΰ. 2. New appointments will not be made 5. 16. . WH› #°Oz ƒ•’së K͆°Ç |_È=ô. g°ä›½ ~ö „¬ô JH›ø_È J#°=°u •a•OKÇ^°Î . D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O Hã ù`Çë x†Ç¶=°Hê•° [~¡°Q®=ô. Dª•i =¶ [~¡Q®^ΰ. Pemission will not be given to you D "ŒH›D ¼=ò•° …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. Our syllabus will not be completed this project 7. D proposal ö ~ „¬ ô meeting …Õ J#°=°uO„¬|_È^ΰ (accept).

: 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò Vƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ K͆°Ç †Ç°|_È°. ö ~ „¬ ô ~ŒR =°Oã u =~¡ ¾ q‹¬ ë ~ ¡ } [~¡ ° Q® ° `Ç°O^¥? 6. [~¡°„¬|_È° XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Will+be+ III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Plural U^³á##¶ 'Will be + III form" =KÇ°ó#°.. ö~„¬ô =°#䛽 orders JO^ΰ`Œ†Ç¶ ? Will the orders be received to us tomorrow ? 8. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡=ò …èH› =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³á##° K͆ǰ|_È°. =KÍó <³•. EXAMPLES 1. [~¡°„¬|_È° XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. =KÍ ó budget …Õ ã H ù`Ç ë „¬ # °ß•° qk•OKÇ|_È`Œ†Ç¶ ? Will that new scheme be implemented next year ? Will new taxes be levied in the next budget ? 5. P „¬xx KÍ‹²# "ŒiH÷ (subject) ‡ã •^•¥#¼`Ç LO_È^°Î . g° town …Õ `ÇÞ~¡…Õ J=ô`Ç°O^¥ ? LIC branch open Will the state cabinet be expanded tomorrow ? Will the LIC office branch be opened in your town soon ? 4. =KÍó Uㄲ…˜…Õ g° „¬sH›Æ•° [~¡°Q®°`Œ†Ç¶ ? Will your examinations be held next April ? 2. =KÍó <³• P W•°Á Mìm J=ô`Ç°O^¥ ? Will that house be vacated next month? 329 10. =°# ~ŒRO…Õ =KÍ ó <³ • „¬ O KŒ~òf ZxßH›•° [~¡°Q®°`Œ†Ç¶ ? Will the Panchayat elections be held in our state next month ? . D work next week „¬îiëJ=ô`Ç°O^¥ ? Will this work be finished next week? 3. ö~„¬ô g°ä›½ special class [~¡°Q®°`Ç°O^¥ ? =KÍó"Œ~¡O inter „¦¬e`Œ•° ㄬH›\÷OKÇ |_È`Œ†Ç¶? =KÍó <³• g°ä›½ bonus K³eÁO„¬|_È°`Ç°O^¥ ? =KÍó [#=i…Õ ‡•~¡"Á °³ O@° ZxßH›•° [~¡°Q®°`Œ†Ç¶? J J J J „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ K͆°Ç |_È° „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz „ ã t ¬ ßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. =KÍó "Œ~¡O. D q^•ÎOQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ ~ö „¬ô. ö~„¬ô h䛽 salary K³eÁO„¬|_È°`Ç°O^¥ ? Will your salary be paid tomorrow ? 7. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. P Hã ù`Çë „¬^•ÎHO› =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O J=°•° „¬~¡KÇ|_È°`Ç°O^¥ ? 9.

When will the new government be formed ? D ~ËA ~ŒãuH÷ ETV …Õ U movie telecast 13. ö ~ „¬ ô function `Ç ~ ŒÞ`Ç cultural programmes x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬|_È`Œ†Ç¶ ? 5.B. Howmuch loan will be sanctioned to you next month ? ö ~ „¬ ô guest •ä› ½ =‹¬ u ZH› ø _È 17. Dª•i B. 20. When will the new appointments be made in our office ? hä› ½ =KÍ ó <³ • ZO`Ç loan sanction 16. `ÇÞ~¡…Õ P Institute …Õ EAMCET HêÁ‹¬°•° x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬|_È`Œ†Ç¶ ? 7. P bridge consturction Z„¬C_È° „¬îië J=ô`Ç°Ok ? 10. D book next month market…ÕH÷ release K͆ǰ|_È°`Ç°O^¥ ? 6. Who will be appointed Vicechancellor of Nagarjuna University ? =°# office …Õ ãHù`Çë x†Ç¶=°Hê•° Z„¬C_È° 15. Hã ù`Çë „ ã ƒ ¬ •’°`ÇÞO Z„¬C_È° U~Œæ@° K͆°Ç |_È° `Ç°Ok ? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. g° institute #°Oz D ª•i ZO`Ç=°Ok students S. ZxßH›• notification ö~„¬ô *ìs K͆ǰ|_È° `Ç°O^¥ ? 8.. g° ‹¬=°‹¬¼ Z…ì „¬i+¬øiO„¬|_È°`Ç°Ok? 11. Where will the accomodation be provided to the guests tomorrow ? ã H ù`Ç ë Jƒ•’ ¼ ~¡ ° Ö • ä› ½ training ZH› ø _È 18. Z 330 . : 94406 16425 'Wh' QUESTIONS EXERCISE 11. ö ~ „¬ ô meeting …Õ U q+¬ † Ç ° O KÇióO„¬|_È°`Ç°Ok ? 12. Which movie will be telecast on ETV to night ? <ŒQê~¡°û# University Vice-chancellor Qê 14. h computer course Z„¬ C _È ° „¬ î ië J=ô`Ç°Ok ? 13. posts •H÷ select J=ô`Œ~¡°? 14.R.S. g° Hê…èl Z„¬C_È° reopen J=ô`Ç°Ok ? 9. 12. test August …Õ x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬|_È°`Ç°O^¥ ? 4. Degree „¦¬e`Œ•° May …Õ ã„¬H›\÷O„¬|_È `Œ†Ç¶ ? 3. 19. =°#ä› ½ ö ~ „¬ ô JH› ø _È =‹¬ u U~Œæ@° K͆ǰ|_È°`Ç°O^¥ ? 2.I. =KÍó budget …Õ agriculture H÷ ZO`Ç amount öH\ì~òOKÇ|_È°`Ç°Ok ? [~¡°Q®°`Ç°Ok ? Where will the interview be conducted to you next week ? Bad news spreads fast. ö ~ „¬ ô party U hotel …Õ arrange K͆ǰ|_È°`Ç°Ok ? 15. J=ô`Ç°Ok ? Z=~¡° x†Ç°q°O„¬|_È°^ΰ~¡° ? [~¡°Q®°`Œ~ò ? J=ô`Ç°Ok ? H›eæOKÇ|_È°`Ç°Ok? W=Þ|_È°`Ç°Ok ? Where will the training be given to the new candidates ? g° institute …Õ Spoken English fresh batch Z„¬C_È° commence J=ô`Ç°Ok ? When will the Spoken English fresh batch be commenced in your institute? =KÍ ó budget …Õ education H÷ ZO`Ç amount öH\ì~òOKÇ|_È°`Ç°Ok ? Howmuch amount will be allocated for Education in the next budget ? g°ä› ½ =KÍ ó " Œ~¡ O interview ZH› ø _È 1.

S. Plural U^³á##° 'Won't be' =KÇ°ó#°. D house sale K͆ǰ|_È^¥? Won't this house be sold? 5. ö~„¬ô g°\÷OQ·…Õ D q+¬†Ç°O KÇ~¡ó䛽~Œ^¥? Won't this matter be discussed in the meeting tomorrow? . : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ K͆ǰ|_Èx „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O Hã ù`Çë HË~¡°••° ‡ã •~¡Oƒ•’OHê"Œ? Won't the classes be conducted to you Won't the new courses be introduced tomorrow? next year? 2. Hêjà~¡° ‹¬=°‹¬¼ WH› „¬i‘•ø~¡OHê^¥? Won't the goods be delivered to us tomorrow? 3. D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O S.S. ö~„¬ô =°#䛽 =‹¬°ë=ô•° deliver Hê"Œ? 7..C ‹²•|‹¹=¶~¡^¥? Won't the syllabus be changed for S. D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ ~ö „¬ô. =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡=ò …èH› ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx U W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^³#á #° K͆°Ç |_Èx. ö~„¬ô g°ä›½ classes [~¡°Q®"Œ? 6. D "Œ~¡O „¦¬e`Œ•° ㄬH›\÷O„¬|_È"Œ? Won't the results be announced this week? 331 Won't the Kashmir problem be solved? 8. [~¡°„¬|_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Won't + be + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. =KÍó "Œ~¡O.C this year? 10. h䛽 next year salary Ì„~¡Q®^¥? WH› D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O Hã ù`Çë x†Ç¶=°Hê•° [~¡°Q®"Œ? ö~„¬ô g° town …Õ |O^£ [~¡°Q®^¥? g° college D <³•…Õ re-open Hê^¥? J J J J „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ K͆°Ç |_Èx „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz „ ã t ¬ ßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. EXAMPLES 1. ö~„¬ô amount collect Hê^¥? Won't the amount be collected tomorrow? 4. Deposit uiy K³eÁO„¬|_È^¥? Won't the deposit be refunded? 9. =KÍó <³•.

D loan D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽 J=^ΰ? Contentment is real wealth. 1. Why won't the encroachments be removed on the Main Road? h application form ZO^Î ° ä› ½ 16. D „¬x ö~„¬ô ZO^ΰ䛽 „¬îiëJ=^ΰ? Why won't this work be finished tomorrow? 13. P ãHù`Çë movie D <³•…Õ ZO^ΰ䛽 release Hê^ΰ? 12. Why won't the programme be organized there tomorrow? D ª•i function ZO^ΰ䛽 [~¡°Q®^ΰ? Why won't the function be celebrated this time? g°ä› ½ Dª•i allowance ZO^Î ° ä› ½ 18. D ‹¬ O =`Ç • ~¡ O „¬ O KŒ~òf Zxß H › • ° ZO^ΰ䛽 [~¡°Q®=ô? 10. D project D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O „¬îië J=^¥? 3. Dª•i g° college Annual Day [~¡°Q®^¥? 4. D <³•…Õ g° syllabus „¬îiëJ=^¥? 7. Why won't the allowance be paid to you this time? Dª•i S. ö ~ „¬ ô JH› ø _È Hê~¡ ¼ ã H › = °=ò ZO^Î ° ä› ½ x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ|_È^ΰ? : 94406 16425 EXERCISE D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. g° house construction D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽 „¬îiëJ=^ΰ? 11. Why won't you be selected for the post of S. clear Z 332 . g°ä›½ ö~„¬ô payment ZO^ΰ䛽 [~¡°Q®^ΰ? 15.I? Main Road …Õx Pã H › = °}•° ZO^Î ° ä› ½ `ù•yO„¬|_È=ô? 13.. K³eÁOKÇ|_È^ΰ? Hê=ô? „¬iQ®}÷O„¬|_È^ΰ? Why won't your application form be considered? ƒ•’së 9. D ª•i =°# „¬sH›•Æ ° "Œ~ò^¥„¬_" È Œ? 6. „¦ ¬ e `Ç = ò g°ä› ½ =òO^Î ° Qê ZO^Î ° ä› ½ `³e†Ç°^ΰ? Why won't the result be known to you earlier? 15. ~ö „¬ô college …Õ seminar x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬|_È^¥? 2. 'Wh' QUESTIONS 11. g°ä›½ licence ZO^ΰ䛽 ~Œ^ΰ? 20.I. D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O 䛕_¨ K͆ǰ|_È"Œ? hospital #°O_• teacher posts 17. Post 䛽 h"³O^ΰ䛽 select 19. g°ä›½ ö~„¬ô JH›ø_È =‹¬u ZO^ΰ䛽 U~Œæ@° K͆ǰ|_È^ΰ? Why won't the accommodation be provided to you there tomorrow? 14. P"³° D "Œ~¡O 䛕_¨ discharge Hê^¥? 8. g° brother D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O promote J=_¨? 5. ~ö „¬ô =°#䛽 J#°=°u ZO^ΰ䛽 •a•OKÇ^°Î ? Why won't the permission be given to us tomorrow? 12. `dz•OQê}ì ~ŒRO ZO^ΰ䛽 U~¡æ_È^ΰ? 14.

Negative Question Form J#° 4 parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. 3. : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D ~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ 'Will be + III form of the Verb ' J#° structure Q®°iOz <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. The course will be commenced on 5th next month. 2. [~¡°„¬|_È° XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Will be + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Negative Form 3. D 4 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò. 3. 4. nx…Õ =°#=ò 1. 4. [~¡°„¬|_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Will not + be + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. nxx Grammar …Õ "Passive Voice -Future Tense" JO\ì~¡°. POSITIVE FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ K͆°Ç |_È°. The syllabus will be changed next year. QUESTION FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ K͆°Ç |_È°. 3. The work will not be delayed next time. Leave will not be granted to you tomorrow. Ex : 1. 2. 2. The price of petrol will be hiked again. NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ K͆°Ç |_Èx. Ex : 1. 3. Ex : 333 1. NEGATIVE FORM : ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ K͆°Ç |_Èx. New taxes will not be levied in the next budget. Question Form 4. Positive Form 2. 2. 1. Won't this work be finished tomorrow? Won't this book be published next month? Won't you be transfered next month? Won't the arrangements be made for the function tomorrow? . Will you be promoted next year? Will this matter be discussed tomorrow? Will the file be cleared next week? Will the last date be extended to next month? 4. Ex : 1.. [~¡°„¬|_È° XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz „ ã t ¬ ßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Will be + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. [~¡°„¬|_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ „ ã t ¬ ßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Won't + be + III form of the Verb " L„¬†¶ ³ yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. 4. 2. The exams will not be postponed this time. The orders will be sent to them next week. 4. 3.

Disqualify disqualified disqualified 672. Elevate elevated elevated 679. Dye dyed dyed 677. I Form II Form III Form 661. =òOKÇ°@ ~¡OQ®°"͆Çò@ ‹¬O‡•kOKÇ°@ =°#‹¬°L`Œ•‚¬ì„¬~K ¡ °Ç HÒyeOKÇ°H›ù#° ~ùH›ø=òQê =¶~¡°ó@ …Õx Positive Form. Negative Form. Spoken English lesson Z 334 God helps those who help themselves. Destroy destroyed destroyed 668. Deposit deposited deposited 667. Embrace embraced embraced 680. : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs. Dash dashed dashed 665.. Question Form. Cremate cremated cremated 662. Negative Question Form ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 4 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. Diverge diverged diverged 674. "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O. Cumulate cumulated cumulated 663. Encash encashed encashed D ~ËA Meaning ^΂¬ì#=òK͆Çò =$kœK³O^ΰ@ 䛽\÷“KÇH›ø„¬~¡KÇ°@ "³¶^ΰH›ù#°@ Q®\÷“QêJ_È°Q®°@ x•ÞK͆Çò@ <Œ‰×#=òK͆Çò@ x•°„¬ô@. Drench drenched Drenched 676. Donate donated donated 675. Discuss discussed discussed 671. Detect detected detected 670. Distil distilled distilled 673. Demand demanded demanded 666. Detain detained detained 669. P„¬ô@ H›xÌ„@°“@ KÇióOKÇ°@ J~¡Ý`Ç …è䛽O_ÈK͆Çò@ Hêz KÇ…ìÁ~¡°ó@ q_•‡é=ô@ KÇO^¥WKÇ°ó@ `Ç_È°„¬ô@. . Earn earned earned 678. Darn darned darned 664.

D <³•. D <³• pending files clear K͆ǰ|_È°KÇ°#ßq. _•#ß~HŸ ÷ items `džǶ~¡° J=ô`Ç°<Œß~ò. old city 144 section is being levied in the old city of Hyderabad today. „¬sH›Æ•° x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬|_È° KÇ°#ßq.PRESENT CONTINUOUS XHùøH› ø ª•i =°#=ò W`Ç ~ ¡ ° •`Ë =¶\ìÁ _ È ° KÇ ° #ß „ ¬ C _È ° ã „ ¬ ‹ ¬ ° ë ` Ç O continuous Qê [~¡°„¬|_È°`Ƕ#ß.C.S. 8. Letters are being typed now. Function H÷ U~Œæ@°Á [~¡°Q®°KÇ°#ßq. „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë OÇ =°#~ŒRO…Õ =°^•¥¼‚¬ìß ƒ•Õ[# „¬^ŠÎH›O J=°•°…Õ L#ßk. 10. J J J J Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO K͆ǰ|_È°KǶO_È° „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. 6. Ugadi is being celebrated through out the state today. D ~ËA. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO S. new film A new film is being shown at Jayaram Theatre. 4. =¶ä›½ ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO „¬sH›Æ•° [~¡°Q®°KÇ°#ßq. Examinations are being conducted now 2. Invitation cards are being printed now. D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O continuous Qê K͆ǰ|_È°KǶ#ß. Singular Subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'is+being' =KÇ°ó#°. D q^•Î=òQê „ã ‹¬ °¬ `ë OÇ =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò# J#Qê W„¬C_È°. W„¬ôæ_È° JH›ø_È XH› bridge xiàOKÇ|_È°KÇ°#ßk. K͆ǰ|_È°`Ƕ#ß XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. D~ËA ~ŒR=°O`Ç\ì LQêk „¬O_È°Q® [~¡°„¬|_È°KÇ°#ßk. 7. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ I. Hyd. g°^Î @OQ®°@¶~¡° =^Îí a ã _•û x~Œà}O…Õ =ô#ßk. Plural Subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'are+being' =KÇ°ó#°. [†Ç ° ~ŒO kŠ † Í ° @~Ÿ … Õ XH› ㄬ^ÎiÅOKÇ|_È°`Ç°Ok. Subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'am+being' =KÇ°ó#°. letters type 9. 3. . 335 Invitation cards print J=ô`Ç°<Œß~ò. Arrangements ar being made for the function. …Õ D~ËA 144= Ì‹H›Æ#° qk•OKÇ|_•#k. : 94406 16425 PASSIVE VOICE .. Items are being prepared for dinner K͆ǰ|_È°`Ç°#ßq. D ~ËA JH›ø_È g°\÷OQ· 䛽 U~Œæ@°Á K͆ǰ|_È°KÇ°#ßq. High Way A bridge is being constructed on the high way at Tangutur. The mid-day meal scheme is being implemented in our state at present. 5. EXAMPLES 1. [~¡°„¬|_È°KǶ#ß XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Am/Is/Are + being+ III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.

q^¥¼~¡°Ö•ä›½ D ~ËA W=Þ|_È°KÇ°#ßq. =¶ä›½ ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO K³<³ßå#°O_• "³°\©i†Ç°…˜ supply JQ®°KÇ°#ßk. q•°"³# á ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò =$^•¥ JQ®°KÇ°#ßk. Inter admissions [~¡°Q®° KÇ°#ßq. ㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç=ò =°# ~Œã+¬“O…Õ new voters list `džǶ~¡Q®°KÇ°#ßk. 6. 1. 12. 14. 2. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO Jr. 18. 10.C hall-tickets Hall-tickets are being issued to the S.S. connections New telephone connections are being given this month. All is well that ends well. Z 336 . 9. 14.C. D summer …Õ \ì¼O䛽• ^¥Þ~Œ =¶ colony …Õ drinking water supply K͆ǰ|_È°KÇ°#ßk. "³ ° i\˜ q^¥¼~¡ ° Ö • ä› ½ ã „ ¬ ` Í ¼ H› HêÁ ‹ ¬ ° •° x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ|_È°KÇ°#ßq. 19. Jayendra's case is being investigated by the C. 8. Teacher post • ƒ•’sHë ÷ interviews x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬|_È°KÇ°#ßq. D ~ËA town …Õ communist party "ŒiKÍ XH› ƒ•ìs ~Œ¼b x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ|_È° KÇ°#ßk. D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O Inter q^¥¼~¡°œ•ä›½ D book prescribe K͆°Ç |_•#k. A serial is being telecast on Teja channel now.I. 7. 17. 13. Drinking water is being supplied through tanks in our colony at present 15. D "Œ~¡O =¶ office …Õ clear K͆ǰ|_È°KÇ°#ßq. students today 16. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO ~Œã+¬“=°O`Œ Panchayat elections 䛽 U~Œæ@°Á [~¡°Q®°KÇ°#ßq. Special classes are being conducted for the meritorious students. D "Œ~¡O =¶ office …Õ urgent files clear K͆ǰ|_È°KÇ°#ßq. "ŒiKÍ ^Î~Œ¼„¬ôë K͆ǰ|_È°KÇ°#ßk.India team • =°^•Î¼ oneday match [~¡°Q®°KÇ°#ßk. 5. : 94406 16425 .S. Jayendra EXERCISE D "ŒH›D ¼=ò•° …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•.S. D ~ËA P temple …Õ ã„¬`ͼH› „¬î[•° x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬|_È°KÇ°#ßq. .B. roads New roads are being laid in our colony at present. 12. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO JH›ø_È work perfect Qê [~¡°Q®° KÇ°#ßk. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO D book market …Õ ƒìQê sale JQ®°KÇ°#ßk. Merit q^¥¼~¡°œ•ä›½ D <³• intensive coaching W=Þ|_È°KÇ°#ßk. W„¬C_È° `Í[ K•Œ#…˜…Õ XH› ‹Ôi†Ç°…˜ „ ã ª¬ •~¡=°Q®°KÇ°#ßk. ㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç=ò P „²•Á•° "Œi grand parents KÍ`Ç ‡é+²O„¬|_È°KÇ°<Œß~¡°. "ŒH›English ¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. S.. 3. D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O =¶ ‡Ú•=ò…Õ ã„¬uë „¬O_•O„¬|_È°KÇ°#ßk. öH‹¬° ‹². 11. 13. Material is being supplied to us from Chennai at present. 4. D ~ËA Australia . 15. 11. D <³ • …Õ telephone W=Þ|_È°KÇ°#ßq.a. pending files Pending files are being cleared in our office this week. =¶ colony …Õ ã „ ¬ ‹ ¬ ° ë ` Ç O Hù`Ç ë "͆ǰ|_È° KÇ°#ßq.

|_È@O…è^ΰ. Computer classes are not being conducted to us at present. D ~ËA JH›ø_È „¬x [~¡Q®@O…è^ΰ. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO P film =°# town …Õ ã„¬^ÎiÅOKÇ |_È@O…è^ΰ. The material is not being supplied to us from that place at present. K͆ǰ|_È@O…è^ΰ. Attention is not being paid on dull students. W„¬C_È° JH›ø_È work [~¡°Q®°@…è^ΰ. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM XHùøH› ø ª•i =°#=ò W`Ç ~ ¡ ° •`Ë =¶\ìÁ _ È ° KÇ ° #ß „ ¬ C _È ° ã „ ¬ ‹ ¬ ° ë ` Ç O continuous Qê [~¡°„¬|_È°`ǶO_Èx. The firm is not being maintained by them at present. The scheme is not being implemented at present. Donations are not being collected in that college at present. Work is not being done there now. D <³•. D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O continuous Qê K͆°Ç |_È°`ǶO_Èx. 3. D ~ËA. J J J J Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO K͆ǰ|_È°`ǶO_Èx „¬#°•#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. The serial is not being telecast at present. D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O Hã ù`Çë telephone connections W=Þ|_È@O …è^ΰ. ã „ ¬ ‹ ¬ ° ë ` Ç O P ‹¬ O ‹¬ Ö "ŒiKÍ x~¡ Þ ‚² ì O„¬ |_È@O…è^ΰ. 337 6. „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë OÇ =¶ä›½ JH›ø_È #°O_• supply JQ®°@…è^ΰ. K͆ǰ|_È°`ǶO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. That film is not being shown in our town now. Subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'am+not+being' =KÇ°ó#°. [~¡°„¬|_È°`ǶO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Am/Is/Are+ not+being + III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. The Entry tax is not being collected in our state at present. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx I. „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë OÇ P college …Õ donations =‹¬¶•° K͆ǰ_È@O…è^ΰ. P film W„¬C_È° =°# town …Õ ã„¬^ÎiÅO„¬ 9. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO dull students Ì„á ã‰×^Îí KǶ|_È@O [~¡Q®@O…è^ΰ. material 7. ㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç=ò P serial „ ã ª¬ •~¡=°Q®°@…è^°Î . ã „ ¬ ‹ ¬ ° ë ` Ç = ò P „¬ ^ Š Î H › = ò J=°•° „¬~¡KÇ|_È@=ò…è^ΰ. D q^•ÎOQê „ã ‹¬ °¬ `ë OÇ =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò# J#Qê W„¬C_È°. ã „ ¬ ‹ ¬ ° ë ` Ç O =¶ä› ½ computer classes 5. …è^ΰ. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO =¶ä›½ salary K³eÁO„¬|_È@O …è^ΰ. 2.. 4. 10. EXAMPLES 1. Singular Subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'is+not+being' =KÇ°ó#°. Plural Subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'are+not+being' =KÇ°ó#°. . ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO =°# ~ŒRO…Õ entry tax =‹¬¶•° 8.

D ~ËA JH›ø_È [~¡Q®@O…è^ΰ. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO B. scholarship Z Barrowed garments never fit well.. 1. K͆ǰ|_È@O…è^ΰ. Salaries are not being paid to the employees in that firm at present. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO education system …Õ standard maintain K͆ǰ|_È@O…è^ΰ. 6. 19. K³eÁO„¬|_È@O…è^ΰ. Rent is not being collected for that house at present. 4. cellar 8. 11. water 3.C. The children are not being treated well in that hostel at present. 338 . Loans are not being granted to the farmers through banks. „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë OÇ "Œi =°^•Î¼ KÇ~ó•¡ ° [~¡Q@ ® O…è^°Î . : 94406 16425 . ã „ ¬ ‹ ¬ ° ë ` Ç O =°# ~ŒRO…Õ [#àƒ•’ ¶ q° Hê~¡¼ãH›=°O x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ|_È@O…è^ΰ. This book is not being prescribed to the Inter students at present. items serve K͆ǰ|_È@O…è^ΰ. K͆ǰ|_È@O…è^ΰ. EXERCISE D "ŒH›D ¼=ò•° …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO P car use K͆ǰ|_È@O…è^ΰ. 12. 15. 5. The case is not being investigated properly at present. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO P ㇕O`ÇO…Õ cotton „¬O_•O„¬ |_È@O…è^ΰ. …è^ΰ. q^¥¼~¡°Ö•ä›½ grant K͆ǰ|_È@O…è^ΰ. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO P firm …Õ accounts ‹¬iQê maintain K͆ǰ|_È@O…è^ΰ. 9. ã „ ¬ ‹ ¬ ° ë ` Ç O society …Õ <³ á u H› q•°=•° (moral values) ‡•\÷O„¬ |_È@O…è^°Î . functions H÷ U~Œæ@°Á Arrangements are not being made for the function there today. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO P WO\÷H÷ J^³í =‹¬¶•° K͆ǰ |_È@O…è^ΰ. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO P case ^Î~Œ¼„¬ôë ‹¬iQê [~¡Q®@O 12. 2. Discussions are not being made among them now. 16. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO RTC |‹¬°••…Õ q^¥¼~¡°•ë 䛽 free pass •° issue K͆ǰ|_È@O…è^ΰ. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO u~¡°=°•…Õ †Ç¶ãu䛽•ä›½ tickets sale K͆ǰ@O…è^ΰ. 20. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO P =ò‹¬e"Œ~¡° "Œi „²•Á•KÍ ‡é+²O„¬|_È@O…è^ΰ. 13. Rice is not being supplied through the ration depots at present. 14. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO =¶ hostel …Õ Non-veg. 10. Cotton is not being grown in that area at present. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO ƒì¼O䛽• ^¥Þ~Œ ï~á`Ç°•ä›½ loans =°OE~¡° K͆ǰ|_È@O…è^ΰ. 7. P ‹¬O‹¬Ö…Õ L^˼Q®°•ä›½ ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO salaries 18. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO schools …Õ „²•Á•ä›½ `³•°Q®° „¬^¥¼•° <ÍiæO„¬|_È@O…è^ΰ. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO =¶ town …Õ drinking supply K͆ǰ|_È@O…è^ΰ. "ŒH›English ¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë OÇ ration depot • ^¥Þ~Œ rice supply 17. D ~ËA =¶ town …Õ |O^£ ‡•\÷O„¬ |_È@O…è^ΰ. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO P hostel …Õ „²•Á•° ‹¬iQê treat 11. 13. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO Inter students 䛽 D book prescribe K͆ǰ|_È@O…è^ΰ. .

g°\÷OQ·ä›½ U~Œæ@°Á [~¡°Q®°KÇ°#ß"Œ? Are the arrangements being made there for the C. Plural Subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'are+being' =KÇ°ó#°. D~ËA JH›ø_È C. Is the main road being repaired now? qk• serial ETV …Õ WOHê „ ã ª¬ •~¡O K͆°Ç 8.'s meeting today? 2. Singular Subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'is+being' =KÇ°ó#°. Is the scheme being implemented successfully now? P case WOHê ^Î~Œ¼„¬ôë K͆ǰ|_È°KÇ°#ß^¥? Is that case still being investigated? ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO JH›ø_È Hù`Çë theatre x~Œà}O 5.M. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO main KÇ°#ß^¥? road repair K͆ǰ|_È° 7. D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O continuous Qê K͆ǰ|_È°KǶ#ß XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Am/Is/Are+being+ III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Are Intermediate exams being conducted at present? D "Œ~¡O urgent files clear K͆ǰ|_È° 10. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx 'I' Subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'am+being' =KÇ°ó#°. „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë OÇ Intermediate exams x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ 9.. D <³•. EXAMPLES 1. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM XHùøH› ø ª•i =°#=ò V W `Ç ~ ¡ ° •`Ë =¶\ìÁ _ È ° KÇ ° #ß „ ¬ C _È ° ã „ ¬ ‹ ¬ ° ë ` Ç O continuous Qê [~¡°„¬[_È°`Ƕ#ß. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO „¬sH›Æ•° x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬|_È°KÇ°<Œß†Ç¶? D ~ËA JH›ø_È g°\÷OQ·ä›½ U~Œæ@°Á K͆ǰ|_È°KÇ°#ß"Œ ? ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO JH›ø_È XH› shopping complex x~¡àOKÇ|_È°KÇ°#ß^¥ ? D <³• new ration cards issue K͆ǰ|_È°KÇ°#ß"Œ ? J J J J Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO K͆ǰ|_È°KǶ#ß „¬#°•#° ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. K͆ǰ|_È°`Ƕ#ß XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. D ~ËA. [~¡°Q®°KÇ°#ß^¥? K͆ǰ|_È°KÇ°#ß"Œ? Are new ration cards being distributed this month? 339 6. is a new theatre being constructed there at present? D <³• Hù`Çë ration cards distribute 3. Is the serial "Vidhi" still being telecast on ETV. D q^•ÎOQê ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO =°#O =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò# J#Qê W„¬C_È°. Are urgent files being cleared this week? Guests ä› ½ dinner serve KÍ † Ç ° |_È ° |_È°KÇ°#ß^¥? |_È°KÇ°#ß"Œ? KÇ°#ß"Œ? KÇ°#ß^¥? Is dinner being served to the guests now? .M. „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë OÇ P „¬^HΊ O› q[†Ç°=O`ÇOQê J=°•° „¬~¡KÇ|_È°KÇ°#ß^¥? 4.

12. By whom is that firm being maintained at present ? W„¬C_È° D material ZH›ø_È䛽 supply 14. which film is being shown at Ratna Mahal at present? D application forms ZH›ø_È J=°à|_È° 16. 6. 5. 8. 3. Jƒ•’¼~¡°•Ö 䛽 tH›} Æ W=Þ|_È°KÇ°#ßk ? KÇ°#ßk ? Why is that building being demolished now ? 20. : 94406 16425 'Wh' QUESTIONS EXERCISE 11. 11. 4. Where is this material being supplied now ? ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO ~¡`Çß=°‚¬ì…˜…Õ U film ㄬ^ÎiÅOKÇ 15. Howmuch salary is being paid to him now ? D "Œ~¡O English class …Õ U lesson teach K͆ǰ|_È°KÇ°#ßk ? Which lesson is being taught in the English calss this week ? ã „ ¬ ‹ ¬ ° ë ` Ç O P camp …Õ ZO`Ç = °Ok 19. 13. 14. KǶ#ßq ? KÇ°#ßk ? 18. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO JH›ø_È Uq° „¬x [~¡°Q®°KÇ°#ßk ? What work is being done there at present ? 7. Where are the classes being conducted to you at present ? ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO P ‹¬O‹¬Ö Z=i KÍ`Ç maintain 13. 12. For howmany candidates is the training being given in that camp at present ? D building ZO^ΰ䛽 䛕eó "͆ǰ|_È° 17.. 340 . 10. 9. 1. Where are these application forms being sold ? ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO J`ÇxH÷ ZO`Ç salary K³eÁO„¬|_È° K͆ǰ|_È°KǶ#ßk ? K͆ǰ|_ÈKǶ#ßk? |_È°KÇ°#ßk ? 2. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO g°ä›½ classes ZH›ø_È x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ |_È°KÇ°#ßq ? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 15. Merit q^¥¼~¡°• Ö ä›½ D <³• special classes [~¡°Q®°KÇ°#ß"Œ ? „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë OÇ P products market …Õ ƒìQê sale JQ®°KÇ°#ß"Œ ? ã „ ¬ ‹ ¬ ° ë ` Ç O 'water' film Bengal …Õ zãfH›iOKÇ|_È°KÇ°#ß^¥ ? D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O Jxß „¬@} “ ì•…Õ PãH= › °}•° `Ë•yO„¬|_È°KÇ°#ß"Œ ? ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO öHOã^Î |_³û\˜ prepare K͆ǰ|_È° KÇ°#ß^¥ ? D ~ËA g° institute …Õ function celebrate K͆ǰ|_È°KÇ°#ß^¥ ? D <³• WO@~Ÿ „¬sH›Æ•° x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ|_È° KÇ°#ß"Œ ? D forms ZH›ø_È J=°à|_È°KÇ°#ßq ? ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO h䛽 ZO`Ç salary K³eÁO„¬|_È° KÇ°#ßk ? D ~ËA work ZH›ø_È [~¡°Q®°KÇ°#ßk ? P old age home …Õ ZO`Ç=°Ok Pã‰×†Ç°O H›eæOKÇ|_È°KÇ°<Œß~¡° ? Muncipal ZxßH›• ballot papers ZH›ø_È print K͆ǰ|_È°`Ƕ#ßq ? ã „ ¬ ‹ ¬ ° ë ` Ç O P case Z=i KÍ ` Ç ^Î ~ Œ¼„¬ ô ë K͆ǰ|_È°KÇ°#ßk ? g° ‡ã •O`ÇO…Õ „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë OÇ Z䛽ø=Qê U „¬O@ „¬O_•O„¬|_È°KǶ#ßk ? ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO "ŒiH÷ training ZH›ø_È W=Þ|_È° `Ç°#ßk ? Z Fools are pleased with their own faults.

ã „ ¬ ‹ ¬ ° ë ` Ç O P vehicle use …Õ …è ^ ¥? Isn't that vehicle being used now? 341 Isn't cotton being grown in that field at present? 9. EXAMPLES 1. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO P „¬^ŠÎH›O J=°•°…Õ…è^¥? Isn't that scheme being implemented at present? 3. Plural J~ò#„¬C_È° 'Aren't being' =KÇ°ó#°. BSNL ãHù`Çë connections W=Þ|_È@O…è^¥? Aren't new connections being given by the BSNL? . D<³•. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO P …è^¥? movie =°# town Isn't that serial being telecast at present? 7. Dinner H÷ items `džǶ~¡° Hê=@O…è^¥? Aren't items being prepared for dinner? 10. D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡=ò continuous Qê K͆ǰ|_È°`ǶO_Èx. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO P serial „ ã ª¬ •~¡=°=@O…è^¥? Aren't the classes being conducted to you at present? 2. ㄬ‹¬°`ÇëO g°ä›½ classes [~¡Q®_ÈO…è^¥? 6. W„¬C_ÈH›ø_È …è^¥? function 䛽 U~Œæ@°Á [~¡Q®@O Aren't arrangements being made there for the function? 5. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO P ‡Ú•O…Õ ã„¬uë „¬O_È@O…è^¥? Isn't that movie being shown in our town at present? 4. [~¡„¬|_È°`ǶO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Isn't + Aren't + being + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM XHùøH› ø ª•i =°#=ò W`Ç ~ ¡ ° •`Ë =¶\ìÁ _ È ° KÇ ° #ß „ ¬ C _È ° ã „ ¬ ‹ ¬ ° ë ` Ç O continuous Qê K͆ǰ|_È°`ǶO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. WH›ø_È „¬#°ß•° ‹¬iQê =‹¬¶•° Hê=@O …è^¥? Aren't the taxes being collected regularly? …Õ P_È@O 8. D q^•Î=òQê ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò# D~ËA. D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O g° college …Õ seminors x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬|_È@O…è^¥? ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO bank post • x†Ç¶=°Hê•° [~¡Q@® O…è^¥? ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO JH›ø_È D G. D"Œ~¡O. J=°•°…Õ…è^¥? D ~ËA cards „¬O„²}© [~¡Q®@O…è^¥? J J J J Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO K͆ǰ|_È°`ǶO_Èx „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ° KÇ°#ßq. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular J~ò#„¬C_È° 'Isn't + being' =KÇ°ó#°.O..

D ~ËA project report `džǶ~¡° Hê=@O …è^¥? 3. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO P room ZO^ΰ䛽 use …Õ …è^ΰ? 15.V. „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë OÇ Hã ù`Çë ration cards =°OE~¡° J=@O …è^¥? 4. Why aren't classical movies being made (produced) at present? ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO colleges …Õ ‹¬i†³Ø°# ãH›=°tH›Æ} …è^ΰ? ZO^ΰ䛽O_È@O…è^ΰ? Why isn't good discipline being maintained in the colleges at present? 15. „ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë OÇ ä›•¼ƒì #°O_• WO_•†Ç¶ä›½ sugar ZO^ΰ䛽 kQ®°=°u J=@O…è^ΰ? : 94406 16425 Why isn't sugar being imported to India from Cuba at present? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 1.. Why isn't the work of that project being done fast? ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO T. D ~ËA cricket match T. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO g°ä›½ study classes ZO^ΰ䛽 x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ|_È@O …è^ΰ? 11. Channels at present? ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO „¬O_È°Q®•° grand Qê ZO^ΰ䛽 19. Why aren't festivals being celebrated grand at present? ㄬ‹¬°ë`Ç school level …Õ studies …Õ quality ZO^ΰ䛽 „ ã ª¬ •~¡O Hê=@O…è^°Î ? [~¡Q®@O…è^ΰ? ZO^ΰ䛽O_È@O…è^ΰ? Why isn't quality being maintained in studies at school level? 20. D <³•…Õ ãHù`Çë Cellone connections W=Þ|_È@O…è^¥? 7.V Channels …Õ old movies 18.V …Õ relay J=@O …è^¥? 10. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO new polocies ZO^ΰ䛽 book K͆ǰ_ÈO…è^ΰ? Z Success comes to those who are brave. Why aren't the new appointments being made at present? ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO P project „¬x "ÍQ®OQê ZO^ΰ䛽 [~¡Q®@O…è^ΰ? 17. ã „ ¬ ‹ ¬ ° ë ` Ç O P case ZO^Î ° ä› ½ ^Î ~ Œ¼„¬ ô ë K͆ǰ|_È@O…è^ΰ? 12. „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë OÇ govt. ã „ ¬ ‹ ¬ ° ë ` Ç O games ZO^Î ° ä› ½ practise K͆ǰ|_È@O…è^ΰ? 14. D <³•…Õ Hê…èr…Õ admissions [~¡Q®_ÈO …è^¥? 8. Voter list …Õ ãHù`Çë À„~¡°Á #"³¶^ΰ Hê=@O …è^¥? 5. material Why isn't the material being supplied to you from Chennai at present? P modal cars ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO ZO^ΰ䛽 sale Hê=@O…è^ΰ? 13. „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë OÇ g° college …Õ donations =‹¬¶•° K͆ǰ|_È@O…è^¥? 2. „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë OÇ g°ä›½ practice tests [~¡Q@ ® O …è^¥? 9. EXERCISE 'Wh' QUESTIONS 11. „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë OÇ P „¬^HΊ O› J=°•°…Õ ZO^ΰ䛽 …è^°Î ? 13. Why aren't the cars of that model being sold at present? Classcal movies ZO^ΰ䛽 xiàOKÇ|_È@O 14. 342 . hospitals …Õ medicines free Qê ‹¬~¡„¦¬~Œ Hê=@O…è^¥? 6. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO g°ä›½ Chennai #°O_• ZO^ΰ䛽 supply Hê=@O…è^ΰ? 12. ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO ãHù`Çë x†Ç¶=°Hê•° ZO^ΰ䛽 [~¡Q®@O…è^ΰ? 16. Why aren't old movies being telecast on T.

Ex : 1. An interesting programme is being made today. XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Am / Is / Are + being + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. NEGATIVE FORM : ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO =°#O =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò# continuous Qê K͆ǰ|_È°KǶO_Èx [~¡°„¬|_È°KǶO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Am / Is / Are + not + being + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Are the votes being polled? 4. The examinations are being conducted this month.U. 3. Ex : 1. nxx grammar …Õ "Passive Voice -Present Continuous Tense" JO\ì~¡°. Are n't the hall-tickets being issued today? 343 . Discussions are being made today. Ex : 1. 3. Special classes are being conducted this month. QUESTION FORM : ã „ ¬ ‹ ¬ ° ë ` Ç O =°#O =¶\ìÁ _ È ° KÇ ° #ß ‹¬ = °†Ç ° =ò# continuous Qê KÍ † Ç ° |_È ° KÇ ¶ #ß . Question Form 4. [~¡°„¬|_È°KǶO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Isn't / Aren't + being + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 3. Is the meeting being conducted now? 2. New houses are not being constructed in our colony at present.C. Is n't the problem being discussed now? 4.? 4. Negative Form 3. nx…Õ =°#=ò 1. Negative Question Form J#° 4 parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. [~¡°„¬|_È°KǶ#ß. Free passes are not being issued now. D 4 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò. : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D ~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ 'Am/Is/ Are + being + III form of the Verb' J#° structure Q®°iOz <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. 2. 2. Is she being kept in the I. 2. Ex : 1. 1. NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM : ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO =°#O =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò# continuous Qê K͆ǰ|_È°KǶO_Èx. Are n't the files being cleared this week? 3. 4. POSITIVE FORM : ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO =°#O =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò# continuous Qê K͆ǰ|_È°KǶ =ô#ß [~¡°„¬|_È°KǶ =ô#ß XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Am / Is / Are + being + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.. Work is not being done there at present. Is n't milk being sold here? 2. Water is not being supplied today. 4. Are the cards being printed now? 3. Positive Form 2.

Encroach encroached encroached 682. Question Form. Extol extolled extolled 697. Grumble grumbled grumbled D ~ËA Meaning PãH›q°OKÇ°@ PKÇ~¡}…ÕxH÷ `³KÇ°ó@ qKŒiOKÇ°@ Ì„OKÇ°@ HË„¬=ò H›eyOKÇ°@ `Ç°_•z"͆òÇ @ Pqï~á‡é=ô@ Z䛽ø=ôQê =ôO_È°@ Z䛽ø= J#°ƒ•’¶u‡ÚO^ΰ@ Z䛽ø=Qê ‹¬æOkOKÇ°@ Lif†Çò@ q°#‚¬ð~òOKÇ°@ J•‹¬@ K³O^ΰ@ ãÀ„•°@ ZQ®°=°u K͆Çò@ ‡ÚQ®_È°@ J„¬[†Ç°=ò ‡ÚO^ΰ@ "³°~¡†Çò@ ~¡H÷ÆOKÇ°@ ‹¬}°Q®°@ …Õx Positive Form.. Excel excelled excelled 689. Execute executed executed 692. Enhance enhanced enhanced 685. I Form II Form III Form 681. Enrage enraged enraged 686. Excite excited excited 690. Guard guarded guarded 700. Glitter glittered glittered 699. Spoken English lesson Z 344 Idle mind is devil's workshop. Flop flopped flopped 698. Enforce enforced enforced 683. Negative Question Form ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 4 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. Exempt exempted exempted 693. Negative Form. Exclaim exclaimed exclaimed 691. . Exhaust exhausted exhausted 694. Evaporate evaporated evaporated 688. "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O. Explode exploded exploded 695. Export exported exported 696. : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs. Erase erased erased 687. Enquire enquired enquired 684.

Last month =¶ä› ½ special classes 6. This book was being prescribed to the Degree students then. : 94406 16425 PASSIVE VOICE . * EXAMPLES 1. Last week P theatre …Õ XH› old film =‹¬¶•° K͆°Ç |_È°KÇ°O_•#q. Last week teacher post •ä›½ interviews 5. J„¬C_È° x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ|_È°KÇ°O_•#q. x#ß Vijayawada …Õ polling x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬ |_È°`ǶO_•#k. K͆°Ç |_È°`ǶO_•# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› Q®`ÇO…Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³á##° continuous Qê K͆°Ç |_È°KǶO_•# „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Was/were+being+ III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. „ ã ^ ¬ iÎ ÅOKÇ|_È°KÇ°O_•#k. degree students 䛽 D book prescribe K͆°Ç |_È°`Ç°O_•#k. House-loans were being sanctioned in the SBI last month. 2. An old film was being shown at that theatre last week. Special classes were being conducted to us last month. Q®`Ç"Œ~¡O college …Õ degree admissions [~¡°Q®°KǶO_•#q. Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular J~ò#„¬C_È° 'was' =KÇ°ó#°. 345 The field work was being supervised by the manger there yesterday. Q®`Ç ï~O_È° ~ËA•° Lions Club "ŒiKÍ P Ti…Õ Free Medical Camp x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬ |_È°KÇ°O_•#k. x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ|_È°KÇ°O_•#q. Plural J~ò#„¬C_È° 'were' =KÇ°ó#°.. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡=ò =¶ classes P old building …Õ x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬|_È°KǶO_•#q. 3. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O P college …Õ donations 8. Donations were being collected in that college last year. Q®`"Ç Œ~¡O. Interviews were being conducted for the teacher posts last week. . continuous Qê K͆ǰ|_È°KǶO_•# „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ J#Qê x#ß. x#ß JH›ø_È field work manager KÍ „¬~¡¼ "ÍHOÆ÷ „¬|_È°KÇ°O_•#k. 7. x#ß Star Sports channel …Õ match „ã ª¬ •~¡=°Q®°KǶO_•#k. Q®`Ç <³•. Free medical camp was being organized by the Lion's Club in that village last two days.PAST CONTINUOUS XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ continuous Qê [~¡°„¬|_È°`ǶO_•#. Last month SBI …Õ House loans sanction K͆°Ç |_È°KÇ°O_•#q. 4. J J J J Ì „ á "ŒH› ¼ =ò•° Q® ` Ç O …Õ ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq.

11. x#ß ä›½ free issue K͆°Ç |_È°KÇ°O_•#q. 8. 346 .V …Õ KŒ}°H› ¼ serial „ã ª¬ •~¡=°Q®° KÇ°O_•#k. Last year =°# state …Õ entry tax collect K͆°Ç |_È°KÇ°O_•#k. 13.C.†°Ç O_•. 10. club members pass •° Free passes were being issued to the club members yesterday. "ŒH›English ¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate KÍ 1.. N. The cricket match was being relayed on the DD Sports Channel yesterday. 4. 12. x#ß Telugu class …Õ K͆°Ç |_È°`Ç°O_•#k.R. EXERCISE D "ŒH›D ¼=ò•° …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. Z He who hunts two hares catches neither. 12. 13. „ ã ƒ¬ •’°`ÇÞ L^˼Q®°•ä›½ J„¬C_È° ƒÕ#‹¹ K³eOÁ „¬ |_È°`Ç°O_•#k. 9. x#ß Jxß T. Last month S. Last year E. x#ß JH›ø_È meeting H÷ U~Œæ@°Á [~¡°Q®° KÇ°O_•#q. notes dictate Note was being dictated in the Telugu class yesterday. q^¥¼~¡°œ•ä›½ Lz`ÇOQê books supply K͆ǰ|_È°`Ç°Ok#q. Last month =¶ town …Õ PãH›=°}•° Jhß `ù•yO„¬|_È°KÇ°O_•#q. J„¬C_È° P case C. x#ß DD sports channel …Õ cricket match relay K͆°Ç |_È°KÇ°O_•#k. 5. 2. 10.T. Hê•O…Õ =°# ~Œã+O“¬ …Õ =°^•¥¼‚¬ìß ƒ•Õ[# „¬^•ÎH=› ò q[†Ç°=O`ÇOQê J=°•° „¬~¡°KÇ|_È°KÇ°#ßk.I. The raw material was being supplied to this factory from Chennai in the past.S. 9. Q®`Ç "Œ~¡O JO`Œ pending files clear K͆°Ç |_È°KÇ°O_•#q. 15. 7. : 94406 16425 . .V. Q® ` Ç O …Õ D factory H÷ raw material chennai #°O_• supply KÍ † Ç ° |_È ° `Ç°O_•#k.T. 11. ~Œã u JO`Œ Hê…è l …Õ [~¡°Q®°KÇ°O_•#k. ãHù`Çë L^˼Q®°•ä›½ last month training classes x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬|_È°`Ç°O_•#q.B. Q®`Ç ï~O_È° ~ËA•° invitation cards distribute K͆°Ç |_È°KÇ°O_•#q. Bonus was being paid to the government employees then. farewell party The farewell party was being celebrated in the college last night. x#ß P Ti…Õ =~¡^Î ƒìk•`Ç°•ä›½ food packets „¬O„²}© K͆°Ç |_È°KÇ°O_•#q. ~Œãu JO`Œ "Œi =°^•Î¼ KÇ~ó¡•° [~¡°Q®° KÇ°O_•#q.C „¬sH›Æ•° x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬|_È°`Ç°O_•#q. 14. "ŒiKÍ ^Î~Œ¼„¬ôë K͆°Ç |_È°KÇ°O_•#k. 14. 3. Channels …Õ special programmes „ ã ª¬ •~¡=°Q®°KÇ°O_È°#q. 6. x#ß class …Õ new lesson teach K͆°Ç |_È°`ǶO_•#k. Last year B.

: 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~¡°•`Ë =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß„¬C_È° Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ continuous Qê [~¡ ° „¬ | _È ° `Ç ¶ O_È x . J D scheme last year J=°•° „¬~¡KÇ|_È°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ. x#ß JH›ø_È work [~¡°Q®°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ. Q®`<Ç •³ . . 8. 7. This road was not being laid here last month. Work was not being done there yesterday. J Q®`Ç "Œ~¡O =¶ä›½ hall-tickets issue K͆ǰ|_È°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ. J„¬C_È° =¶ä›½ school …Õ |_È°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ. Plural Subject J~ò#„¬C_È° 'were not+ being+III form' =KÇ°ó#°. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Singluar Subject J~ò#„¬C_È° 'was' =KÇ°ó#°. J„¬C_È° =¶ ‡Ú•O…Õ K³~¡ä›½ „¬O_•O„¬ |_È°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ. 4. Last week 2. Last month WH› ø _È D road 3. Arrangements were not being made there for the meeting yesterday. J„¬C_È° 'D<Œ_È°Ñ daily …Õ „ã u ¬ ƒ•’ jiÂH› publish J=ô`ǶO_È…è^ΰ. The Oneday cricket match was not being relayed on T.V. x#ß one day cricket match T. 'Pratibha' column was not being published in Eenadu daily then. J Lat month =¶ä›½ classes [~¡°Q®° `ǶO_È…è^ΰ. 10. Sugarcane was not being grown in our field then. x#ß JH›ø_È g°\÷OQ·H÷ U~Œæ@°Á [~¡°Q®° `ǶO_È…è^ΰ. KÍ † Ç ° |_È ° `Ç ¶ O_È x XH› „¬ x x Q® ° iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò.. =¶ä›½ [~¡°Q®°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ. 5. …Õ relay K͆ǰ|_È°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ. Classes were not being conducted to us in the college last week. J x#ß JH›ø_È meeting x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬|_È°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ. Cultural programmes were not being held in that club last month. 9. continuous Qê K͆ǰ|_È°`ǶO_Èx „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz D q^•ÎOQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ J#Qê x#ß. Last month P club …Õ cultural programmes x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬|_È°`Ç°O_È…è^ΰ. J„¬ C _È ° Hê…è r •…Õ D courses Jxß x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬ |_È°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ. EXAMPLES 1. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› Q®`OÇ …Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³#á #° continuous Qê K͆°Ç |_È°`ǶO_Èx.V. college …Õ classes "͆ǰ|_È°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ. Q®`"Ç Œ~¡O. yesterday. [~¡°„¬|_È°`ǶO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Was/Were +not+being+III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Hindi ƒÕk•O„¬ Hindi was not being taught to us in the schools then. Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° =¶ä›½ Q®`ÇO…Õ ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. 347 6. All these courses were not being conducted in the colleges then.

18. D Grammar book last year =¶ä› ½ prescribe K͆ǰ|_È°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ. x#ß class …Õ notes dictate 17. XH›„¬C_È° =°# area …Õ D festival celebrate K͆ǰ|_È°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ. x#ß P time …Õ tickets issue K͆ǰ|_È° 14. EXERCISE D "ŒH›D ¼=ò•° …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. J„¬C_È° TV Channels …Õ Wxß serials „ ã ª¬ •~¡=°Q®°KÇ°O_È…^ è °Î . 13. 3. Last year =¶ä› ½ classes ‹¬ i Qê x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬|_È°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ. 10. 12. J„¬ C _È ° WH› ø _È shopping complex xiàOKÇ|_È°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ. J„¬ C _È ° D house H÷ rent =‹¬ ¶ •° K͆ǰ|_È°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ. Notes was not being dictated in the class yesterday. ~Œãu JH›ø_È KÇ~¡ó•° [~¡°Q®°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ. 4. Z Fools build houses and wise men live in them. 8. "ŒiH÷ J„¬C_È° bonus K³eÁO„¬|_È°`ǶO_È …è^ΰ. : 94406 16425 . 13. K͆ǰ|_È°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ. 6. Tickets were not being issued at that time yesterday. K͆ǰ|_È°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ. Rules were not being followed in that office then. This scheme was not being implemented in our state there. K͆ǰ|_È°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ. Last year =¶ office …Õ accounts ‹¬iQê x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬|_È°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ. 2. J„¬ C _È ° case •° ‹¬ i Qê ^Î ~ Œ¼„¬ ô ë K͆ǰ|_È°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ. . 9. Lessons were not being rvised to us last week. WO`Ç䛽=òO^ΰ P theatre …Õ new films ㄬ^ÎiÅO„¬|_È°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ. =‹¬ u Accommodation was not being provided to us there then. =¶ä› ½ last week lessons revise 16. WO`Çä½› =òO^ΰ D office …Õ rules ‹¬iQê 12. Salaries were not being paid promptly to the employees in that firm last year. WO`Çä½› =òO^ΰ D q+¬†°Ç =ò•° meeting •…Õ KÇióO„¬|_È°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ. WO`Ç䛽=òO^ΰ D machines WH›ø_È `džǶ~¡=ô`ǶO_È…è^ΰ. 11. This Grammar book was not being prescribed to us last year. `ǶO_È…è^ΰ. J„¬ C _È ° WO`Ç strict Qê traffic rules ‡•\÷O„¬|_È@O…è^°Î . 19. 14. "ŒH›English ¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. =¶ä›½ J„¬C_È° material supply K͆°Ç |_È° `ǶO_È…è^ΰ. 1. Taxes were not being collected strictly then. J„¬ C _È ° =¶ä› ½ JH› ø _È H›eæOKÇ|_È°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ. 20. This festival was not being celebrated in our area once. 348 . WO`Çä½› =òO^ΰ =°# state …Õ D scheme J=°•° „¬~¡KÇ|_È°`Ç°O_È…è^ΰ. J„¬C_È° ZxßH›•° WO`Ç strict Qê x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬ |_È°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ. 5. 11. J„¬ C _È ° taxes strict Qê =‹¬ ¶ •° 15.. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O D ‹¬O‹¬…Ö Õ L^˼Q®°•ä›½ salaries ‹¬iQê K³eÁO„¬|_È°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ. 7. ‡•\÷O„¬|_È°`ǶO_È…^ è °Î .

Were the pending files being cleared last week? x#ß D T. Was the match being relayed on T. Was this T. Q®`<Ç •³ . EXAMPLES 1. x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬|_È°`ǶO_•#"Œ? 5. …èH› Q®`ÇO…Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³á##° continuous Qê K͆°Ç |_È°KǶO_•# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Was/Were+being+ III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Was the curfew being levied in Hyderabad last week? Last month college …Õ admissions 4.V. x#ß Vijayawada …Õ polling x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ |_È°`Ƕ LO_•#^¥ ? Q®`Ç ~Œãu JH›ø_È KÇ~•ó¡ ° [~¡°Q®°KǶO_•#"Œ ? x#ß Star Sports channel …Õ match „ã ª¬ •~¡=°Q®° KǶO_•#^¥ ? Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O g° classes P old building …Õ x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬|_È° KǶO_•#"Œ ? Q®`Ç"Œ~¡O college …Õ degree admissions [~¡°Q®°KǶO_•#"Œ ? J J J J J Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`ÇO…Õ ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. x#ß club …Õ ‹¬ƒ•’°¼•ä›½ K͆°Ç |_È°KǶO_•#"Œ? K͆°Ç |_È°`ǶO_•#"Œ? `ǶO_•#^¥? W=Þ|_È°KǶO_•#"Œ? K͆°Ç |_È°`ǶO_•#^¥? Was the entry tax being collected in our state last year? . K͆°Ç |_È°`ǶO_•# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz „ ã t ¬ ßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò.Singular J~ò#„¬C_È° 'was' =KÇ°ó#°. set repair KÍ † Ç ° |_È ° 9.. x#ß =~¡^Î ƒìk•`Ç°•ä›½ P‚¬ð~¡ ‡Ú\ìÁ•° „¬O„²}© K͆°Ç |_È°`Ƕ LO_•#"Œ? pass Were the passes being issued to the club members yesterday? Last week pending files clear qk•„¬|_È°`ǶO_•#^¥? Were the loans being sanctioned to the farmers last year? 349 6. x#ß T.V.V. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O. continuous Qê K͆ǰ|_È°`ǶO_•# „¬#°•#° ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° D q^•ÎOQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ J#Qê x#ß Q®`"Ç Œ~¡O. set being repaired yesterday? Last month Hù`Çë telephone connections 10. Were the admissions being made in your college last month? Last year ï ~ á ` Ç ° •ä› ½ loans sanction issue 8. Plural J~ò#„¬C_È° 'were' =KÇ°ó#°. …Õ `ǶO_•#^¥? match relay K͆ǰ|_È° 2.V. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject . yesterday? Last week Hyderabad …Õ curfew 3. Were new telephone connections being given last month? Last year =°# ~ŒRO…Õ entry tax collect K͆°Ç |_È°`ǶO_•#"Œ? Were food packets being distributed to the flood victims yesterday? •° 7. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò VW`Ç~¡°•`Ë =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß„¬C_È° Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ continuous Qê [~¡°„¬|_È°`ǶO_•#.

Q®`OÇ …Õ D ‡ã •O`ÇO…Õ Z䛽ø=Qê U „¬O@ „¬O_•O„¬|_È°`ǶO_•#k? 15. 'Wh' QUESTIONS D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. Which crop was being grown mostly in this area previously? Q®`ÇO…Õ India 䛽 sugar ZH›ø_È #°O_• 16. Last week interviews ZH› ø _È x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬|_È°KÇ°O_•#q? 14. g° ‡ã •O`ÇO…Õ J„¬C_È° „ ã u ¬ ë „¬O_•O„¬|_È° `Ç°O_Í^¥? 8.. 350 . Which matter was being discussed in the meeting yesterday? WO`Ç䛽 =òO^ΰ P family Z…ì feed 18. From where was sugar being imported to India in the past? x#ß meeting …Õ U q+¬†Ç°O KÇióO„¬|_È° 17. J„¬ C _È ° "ŒiH÷ Maths …Õ U book prescribe K͆°Ç |_È°`ǶO_•#k? 11. x#ß P Hê…è*˜…Õ U „¬sH›Æ x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬|_È° KÇ°O_•#k? 12. Q® ` Ç "Œ~¡ = ò interview •° ZH› ø _È x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬|_È°`ǶO_•#q? 9. Last month Pã H › = °}•° `ù•yO„¬ _ È ° `ǶO_•#"Œ? 5. Last week P theatre …Õ U film „ ã ^ ¬ iÎ ÅO„¬|_È°KÇ°O_•#k? 13. How was that family being fed previoulsy? h䛽 J„¬C_È° ZO`Ç salary K³eÁO„¬|_È° 19. Q®`ÇO…Õ D WO\÷H÷ ZO`Ç „¬#°ß =‹¬¶•° K͆°Ç |_È°`ǶO_•#k? Howmuch tax was being collected for this house in the past? WO`Ç䛽 =òO^ΰ <³•¶Á~¡° town H÷ water ZH›ø_È #°O_• supply KÍ † Ç ° |_È ° `ǶO_•#k? From where was water being supplied to Nellore town previously? 14. x#ß JH› ø _È ~Œ¼e x~¡ Þ ‚² ì O„¬ | _È ° `ǶO_•#^¥? 2. 20. x#ß cards print K͆°Ç |_È°`ǶO_•#"Œ? 4. Last week nominations ^¥Y•° K͆°Ç |_È°`ǶO_•#"Œ? 3. x#ß English class …Õ U K͆°Ç |_È°`ǶO_•#k? 13. g°H› „ ¬ C _È ° ZO`Ç salary K³ e Á O „¬ | _È ° `ǶO_•#k? 10. g°ä›½ J„¬C_È° ㄬu ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O ƒÕ#‹¹ K³eÁO„¬|_È°`Ç°O_Í^¥? 7. Last series …Õ =°# cricket team Z=iKÍ`Ç lead K͆°Ç |_È°KÇ°O_•#k? 12. Which lesson was being taught in the English class yesterday? 1. : 94406 16425 kQ®°=°u KÍ‹°¬ Hù#|_È°`ǶO_•#k? `ǶO_•#k? K͆°Ç |_È°`ǶO_•#k? `ǶO_•#k? Howmuch salary was being paid to you then? g°ä›½ J„¬C_È° JH›ø_È Grammar Z=i KÍ`Ç teach K͆°Ç |_È°`ǶO_•#k? By Whom was Grammar being taught to you there then? WO`Çä½› =òO^ΰ g° amout ZH›ø_È deposit K͆°Ç |_È°`ǶO_•#k? Where was your amount being deposited previously? Z If a blind man leads another blind man. x#ß JH›ø_È KÇ~•ó¡ ° [~¡°Q®°`ǶO_•#"Œ? 6. WO`Ç ä › ½ =òO^Î ° P ‹¬ O ‹¬ Ö Z=iKÍ ` Ç maintain K͆°Ç |_È°KÇ°O_•#k? 15. EXERCISE lesson teach 11. both fall into a ditch.

x#ß JH›ø_È „¬x [~¡°Q®°`ǶO_È…è^¥? Wasn't work being done there yesterday? 5. x#ß JH›ø_È KÇ~¡ó•° [~¡°Q®°`ǶO_È…è^¥? Weren't the discussions being made there yesterday? 7. x#ß pass •° *ìs K͆ǰ|_È°`ǶO_È…è^¥? Weren't the passes being issued yesterday? . J„¬C_È° D entrance |_È°`ǶO_È…è^¥? tests x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬ 2. x#ß JH›ø_È work [~¡°Q®°`ǶO_È…è^¥? Last month g°ä›½ classes [~¡°Q®°`ǶO_È…è^¥? Last year g°ä›½ D material supply J=ô`ǶO_È…è^¥? WO`Ç䛽 =òO^ΰ D course x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬ |_È°`ǶO_È…è^¥? J J J J Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`ÇO…Õ continuous Qê KÍ‹¬¶ëO_È|_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. [~¡°„¬|_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Wasn't / Weren't + being + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. D bank …Õ K͆ǰ|_È°`ǶO_È…è^¥? Last year loans sanction Weren't the loans being sanctioned in this bank last year? 9. [~¡°„¬|_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ~¡°. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° Q®`OÇ …Õ continuous Qê KÍ‹¶ ¬ Oë _È|_Èx. Weren't the classes being conducted to you in the college yesterday? J„¬C_È° J`ÇxH÷ salary K³eÁO„¬|_È°`ǶO_È [~¡°Q®°`ǶO_È…è^¥? …è^¥? Wasn't the salary being paid to him then? 4.. D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò…Õ continuous Qê KÍ‹¬¶ëO_È|_Èx. Plural J~ò#„¬C_È° 'Weren't' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. Weren't these entrance tests being conducted then? x#ß g°ä› ½ college …Õ classes 3. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular J~ò#„¬C_È° 'Wasn't' =KÇ°ó#°. J„¬C_È° D vehicle use K͆ǰ|_È°`ǶO_È …è^¥? Wasn't this vehicle being used then? 10. x#ß JH›ø_È U~Œæ@°Á [~¡°Q®°`ǶO_È…è^¥? Weren't the arrangements being made there yesterday? 351 6. EXAMPLES 1. D material g°ä›½ J„¬C_È° |_È°`ǶO_È…è^¥? supply K͆ǰ Wasn't this material being supplied to you then? 8.

. x#ß cricket match T. g°ä›½ J„¬C_È° notes ZO^ΰ䛽 dictate K͆ǰ|_È°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ? 12. WO`Ç䛽 =òO^ΰ D medicine ZO^ΰ䛽 prescribe K͆ǰ|_È°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ? being No man can serve two masters. h=ô J„¬ C _È ° studies …Õ ã‡é`Ç•‚²ìO„¬ |_È°`ǶO_È…è^¥? 3. g°ä›½ J„¬C_È° J#°=°u •a•‹¬¶Oë _È…^ è ¥? 7. : 94406 16425 . Why weren't the files being cleared last month? g°ä›½ J„¬C_È° bonus ZO^ΰ䛽 K³eÁO„¬ 16. 14. Last month ã H ù`Ç ë licences ZO^Î ° ä› ½ =°OE~¡° K͆ǰ|_È°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ? 14. 13. Last year D news paper Ongole unit #°O_• circulate J=ô`ǶO_È…è^¥? 8. Why weren't these rules being followed then? Last four years ã H ù`Ç ë x†Ç ¶ =°Hê•° 20. D „¬^ŠÎH›=ò J„¬C_È° ZO^ΰ䛽 J=°•° J=ô`ǶO_È…è^ΰ? 12. Why wasn't this scheme being implemented then? J„¬C_È° taxes ‹¬iQê ZO^ΰ䛽 =‹¬¶•° K͆ǰ|_È°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ? Why weren't the taxes being collected then? D channel …Õ J„¬C_È° serials ZO^ΰ䛽 „ ã ª¬ •~¡=°Q®°KÇ°O_È…^ è °Î ? Why weren't the serials being telecast on this channel then? Last month files ZO^Î ° ä› ½ clear K͆ǰ|_È°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ? 15. Why wasn't bonus being paid to you then? WO`Ç䛽 =òO^ΰ D club …Õ programmes |_È°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ? ZO^ΰ䛽 x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ|_È°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ? 18. P show room …Õ WO`Ç䛽=òO^ΰ credit cards ZO^ΰ䛽 J#°=°uOKÇ|_È°`ǶO_È …è^ΰ? 15. Z 352 . . x#ß cards distrubute K͆ǰ|_È°`ǶO_È …è^¥? 6. 11. D movie last week D theratre …Õ ã„¬^ÎiÅO„¬|_È°`ǶO_È…è^¥? 10. Last year donations =‹¬ ¶ •° KÍ † Ç ° |_È°`ǶO_È…è^¥? 4. Why weren't the new appointments being made last four years? D case Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O ZO^ΰ䛽 ^Î~Œ¼„¬ôë 17. J„¬C_È° bills regular Qê K³eÁO„¬|_È°`ǶO_È …è^¥? 5.V. g° ㇕O`ÇO…Õ WO`Ç䛽 =òO^ΰ K³~¡ä›½ ZO^ΰ䛽 „¬O_•O„¬|_È°`ǶO_È…^ è °Î ? 13. "ŒH›English ¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate KÍ O_•. Why weren't the programmes being conducted in this club then? Last summer g° town …Õ drinking water ZO^ΰ䛽 supply K͆ǰ|_È°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ? Why wasn't drinking water being supplied in your town last summer? J„¬ C _È ° D rules ZO^Î ° ä› ½ follow 19.†°Ç g°ä› …è^¥? 2.½ J„¬C_È° grammar <ÍiæOKÇ|_È°`ǶO_È 1. …Õ relay J=ô`ǶO_È …è^¥? 11. Last week JH›ø_È interviews [~¡°Q®°`ǶO_È …è^¥? 9. J=ô`ǶO_È…è^ΰ? ZO^ΰ䛽 [~¡°Q®°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ? K͆ǰ|_È°`ǶO_È…è^ΰ? Why wasn't this case investigated last year? EXERCISE D "ŒH›D ¼=ò•° …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•.

D 4 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò. [~¡°„¬|_È°KÇ°O_•# XH› „¬xx ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Was/Were + being + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Question Form 4. Wasn't the problem being discussed yesterday? 353 XH› . 4. D structure #° grammar …Õ "Passive Voice -Past Continuous Tense" JO\ì~¡°. 4. Were the admissions being made last month? 3. Arrangements were being made yesterday. 3. [~¡°„¬|_È°KǶO_Èx „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Wasn't / Weren't+ being + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. The programme was being organized yesterday. Were the hall tickets being issued yesterday? 4. Was this bridge being constructed last year? 2. NEGATIVE FORM : Q®`ÇO…Õx HùO`ÇHê•O continuous Qê K͆ǰ|_È°KǶO_Èx. Wasn't paddy being grown here then? 2. The material was not being supplied then. Passes were not being issued then. This vehicle was not being used last year. Ex : 1. 3. 3. nx…Õ =°#=ò 1. Negative Form 3. NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM : Q®`ÇO…Õx HùO`ÇHê•O continuous Qê K͆ǰ|_È°KǶO_Èx.. Ex : 1. Work was being done here yesterday. New appointments were not being made last year. Was this scheme being implemented last year? 4. 2. Weren't English movies being shown here then? 3. Ex : 1. : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D ~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ 'Was/Were + being + III form of the Verb' J#° structure Q®°iOz <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. Negative Question Form J#° 4 parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. Cards were being distributed yesterday. [~¡°„¬|_È°KǶO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Was/Were + not + being + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Positive Form 2. 1. POSITIVE FORM : Q®`ÇO…Õx HùO`ÇHê•O continuous Qê K͆°Ç |_È°KǶO_•#. 2. [~¡°„¬|_È°KǶO_•# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Was/Were + being + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 2. Ex : 1. QUESTION FORM : Q®`OÇ …Õx HùO`ÇHê•O continuous Qê K͆°Ç |_È°KÇ°O_•#.

Haggle haggled haggled 706. Negative Form. Hearken hearkened hearkened 710. I Form II Form III Form 701. Guzzle `guzzled guzzled 704. ~¡Q®°•°ó@ L^΂¬ìiOKÇ°@ ãQ®‚²ìOKÇ°@ J#°H›iOKÇ°@ =òOKÇ°@ …Õx Positive Form. Harass harassed harassed 707. Spoken English lesson Z 354 Be a Roman when you are in Rome. Haunt haunted haunted 709. . : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs. Hobnob hobnobbed hobnobbed 714. Question Form.. Illustrate illustrated illustrated 718. "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O. Guard guarded guarded 702. Imbibe imbibed imbibed 719. Hypothecate hypothecated hypothecated 716. Harden hardened hardened 708. "³ò‚¬ì=¶@„¬_È° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@ H›•‹²"³°•‹² =ôO_È°@ Q®O^Î~¡Qˈ×=ò K͆Çò@ 䛽^ΰ=Ì„@°“@ „¬ôiHù•°æ@. Huddle huddled huddled 715. Negative Question Form ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 4 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. Hint hinted hinted 713. Imitate imitated imitated 720. Heckle heckled heckled 711. Habituate habituated habituated 705.` Gurgle gurgled gurgled 703. Hesitate hesitated hesitated 712. Ignite ignited ignited 717. Immerse immersed immersed D ~ËA Meaning Hꇕ_È°@ ‹¬•‹¬•HêQ®°@ P‰×Qê ƒ•’°lOKÇ°@ J•””"Œ@°„¬_È°@ „¬@°“^ΕK͆Çò@ ƒìk•OKÇ°@ H›i”#=ò K͆Çò@ ‹¬OKÇiOKÇ°@ P•H÷OKÇ°@ J_È°Ûㄬ‰×ß•°”"͆Çò@ ‹¬O^Í‚²ìOKÇ°.

WO`Çä½› =òO^Í K͆ǰ|_•# „¬xx Q®°iOz Qêx. Work just W„¬C_Í „¬îië J~ò#k. The meeting has been commenced just now. D öHH± just W„¬C_Í `džǶï~á#k. [~¡°„¬|_•# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. =¶ä› ½ already JOk#q. : 94406 16425 PASSIVE VOICE . D q+¬†Ç°=ò…Õ already XH› x~¡â†Ç°O f‹¬°Hù#°@ [iy#k. WO`Ç=~¡ä›½ XH› „¬x Zxß „¬~Œ¼†Ç°=ò•° K͆ǰ|_•#k. D q^•Î=òQê =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#䛽 W„¬C_Í K͆°Ç |_•# „¬xx Q®°iOz Qêx. J`Ç x financial „¬i‘•ø~¡=°~ò¼Ok.PRESENT PERFECT XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° (just) W„¬C_ÍQêx. =¶ house plan already approval K͆°Ç |_•#k. J`ÇxH÷ already loan sanction J~ò#k. D letters just W„¬C_Í type K͆°Ç |_•#q. already WO`Ç䛽 =òO^ΰ Z„¬C_ËQêx. Our syllabus completed. 355 has already been appointment orders The apppointment orders have already been received to us. . Plural J~ò#„¬C_È° 'have been' =KÇ°ó#°. =¶ syllabus already „¬îiëJ~ò#k. 4. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ Subject Singular ('I' q°#‚¬ð) J~ò#„¬C_È° 'has been' =KÇ°ó#°. A decision has already been taken in this matter. WO`Ç=~¡ä›½ Qêx K͆ǰ|_•#. His financial problem has already been solved. Meeting just W„¬C_Í commence J~ò#k. W„¬æ\÷ =~¡ä›½ =¶ä›½ 25 application forms JOk#q. Jhß already All the tickets for the cricket match have already been sold. [~¡°„¬|_•#k ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Have/Has+been+ III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. 8. WO`Ç䛽=òO^Í. WO`Ç=~¡ä›• K͆ǰ|_•# „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. EXAMPLES 1. 2. The work has been finished just now. Cricket match tickets J~ò‡é~ò#q. 7. This message has been received just now. These letters have been typed just now. D message W„¬C_Í JOk#k. problem already 9. 3. Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° W„¬C_Í. 5.. 10. This cake has been made just now. J J J J D letters W„¬C_Í type K͆°Ç |_•#q. 6.

15000 collect 20. 14. D work just W„¬C_Í finish J~ò#k. D match …Õ W„¬æ\÷ =~¡ä›½ 132 overs bowl K͆°Ç |_•#q. sets sale J~ò<Œ~ò. 4. 21 new policies have been booked in this scheme sofar. 150 crores has been spent for the Velugonda project sofar. 2. 2000 cards have been printed sofar. J~ò#q. 14. 15. Exam date already announce K͆ǰ |_•#k.S. 356 . 18.50. . JOk#q. EXERCISE D "ŒH›D ¼=ò•° …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. W„¬æ\÷=~¡ä›½ D books 4000 copies sale 19. Dinner just W„¬ôæ_Í serve K͆°Ç |_•#k. 7. W„¬æ\÷=~¡ä›½ D ~ËA ~¡¶. W„¬ôæ_Í commence J~ò#k.. 9. 4000 copies of this book have been sold sofar. : 94406 16425 . D<³•…Õ W„¬æ\÷=~¡ä›½ 6 films release 16. W„¬ æ \÷ =~¡ H › "Œi account …Õ Rs. W„¬æ\÷=~¡ä›½ 2000 cards print J~ò#q. =‹¬°ë=ô•° just W„¬C_Í deliver J~ò#q. already J~ò#q. Function H÷ already U~Œæ@°Á 11. W„¬æ\÷ =~¡ä½› „ ã H¬ ê‰×O l…ìÁ…Õ 2. dinner H÷ items already `džǶ~¡~ò#q. "ŒH›English ¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•.412 Cell One connections W=Þ|_•<Œ~ò. 8. „¦ ¬ e `Œ•° „ã H¬ \ › O÷ KÇ|_•#q. W„¬æ\÷=~¡ä›½ =¶ä›½ 20 application forms 17. J~ò#k.V.000 deposit K͆°Ç |_•#k. 15000 has been collected this month sofar. D book already publish J~ò#k. J~ò#q. 15.loan already clear J~ò#k. "Œi house . The exam date has already been announced. 5. Six films have been released this month sofar. files clear 12. Four chapters have been completed in Mathematics to us sofar. Shop just W„¬C_Í close 3. 13. Rs. W„¬ æ \÷ = ~¡ ä › ½ D scheme …Õ 21 Hù`Ç ë policies book J~ò#q. programme just J~ò#k. 6. 11. 2. 20 application forms have been received to us sofar. =¶ showroom …Õ D <³•…Õ W„¬æ\÷ =~¡ ä › ½ 25 Sony T. Rs. HË@°Á ~¡¶‡•†Ç°•° Y~¡°ó J~ò#k. Degree admissions already close S. Their house loan has already been cleared. 1. W„¬æ\÷=~¡ä›½ "³•°QùO_È project 䛽 150 13. Z Better be alone than in bad company.C. 12. D "Œ~¡O W„¬æ\÷ =~¡ä›½ 22 J~ò#q. [iy#q. 10. W„¬æ\÷=~¡ä›½ =¶ä›½ maths …Õ <Œ•°Q®° chapters „¬îië J~ò#q.

=¶ college WOHê reopen Hê…è^ΰ. P file WOHê clear J=…è^ΰ. 6. 7. <Œä›½ WOHê loan sanction Hê…è^ΰ. The loan has not yet been sanctioned to me. 8. The programme has not yet been commenced. EXAMPLES 1.. „¬sHÆê „¦¬e`Œ•° WOHê ㄬH›\÷OKÇ The Degree examination results have not yet been announced. D q^•ÎOQê =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß „ã ‹¬ °¬ `ë Ç ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò =~¡ä½› WOHê K͆°Ç |_Èx.Subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'Has' =KÇ°ó#°. The house has not yet been vacated. The Kashmir problem has not yet been solved. J Lunch H÷ WOHê items `džǶ~¡° Hê…è^ΰ. =¶ä›½ WOHê orders JO^Î…è^ΰ. Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° W„¬æ\÷=~¡ä›½ WOHê K͆ǰ|_Èx „¬#°•#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. 5. . =¶ work WOHê „¬îië Hê…è^ΰ. 'It' . 3. Wedding cards WOHê distribute Hê…è^ΰ. 2. 'He' . Our college has not yet been reopened. J =¶ „¬sH›Æ `Ík WOHê Y~Œ~¡° Hê…è^ΰ. P W•°Á WOHê Mìm J=…è^ΰ. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° „ ã ‹ ¬ °¬ `ë Ç ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#䛽 WOHê …èH› WO`Ç=~¡ä›• K͆ǰ|_Èx. 'They' . The orders have not yet been received to us. Degree 10. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õ 'I' 'We' 'You'. J =¶ä›½ WOHê telephone connection W=Þ|_È…è^ΰ. [~¡°„¬|_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Have/Has+not+been + III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. The wedding coards have not yet been distributed. Hêjà~Ÿ ‹¬=°‹¬¼ WOHê „¬i‘•ø~¡O Hê…è^°Î .'She'. |_È…è^ΰ. 9. That file has not yet been cleared. =¶ä›½ D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O WOHê ‹²•|‹¹ „¬îië Hê…è^ΰ. Our work has not yet been finished. 11. [~¡°„¬|_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. 357 Programme WOHê "³ò^Ε°Hê…è^ΰ. 4. Our syllabus has not yet been completed this year. J =¶ Hê…èl…Õ _•ãw admissions WOHê =òy†Ç°…è^ΰ.Subject Qê L#ß„¬C_È° 'Have' =KÇ°ó#°.

3. D "ŒH›D ¼=ò•° …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. Ì‹•=ô•° WOHê ㄬH›\÷O„¬|_È…è^ΰ. Letters 13. 18. set has not yet been repaired. Admission list The T. 13. P G. The tickets have not yet been booked. H÷ WOHê U~Œæ@°Á Hê…è^ΰ. Cheque WOHê encash Hê…è^ΰ. Lunch H÷ items Items have not yet been prepared for lunch.O. The construction of Fly-over has not yet been completed. 16. Z Pebbles and diamonds are alike to a blind man. 7. Amount WOHê collect 6. Cards WOHê print Hê…è^ΰ. "ŒH›English ¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. J`ÇxH÷ D <³• WOHê |_È…è^ΰ. 17. 14. P case f~¡°æ WOHê "³•°=_È…è^ΰ.V. 5. The cards have not yet been printed. set WOHê repair K͆ǰ|_È…è^ΰ. 15. encashed. 4. The message has not J=…è^ΰ. received to us. salary 9. WOHê pass Hê…è^ΰ. The holidays have not yet been declared. EXERCISE WOHê `džǶ~¡° Hê…è^ΰ. WOHê x~¡â†Ç°O f‹¬°Hù#|_È…è^ΰ. Letters WOHê post Hê…è^ΰ. D ~ËA WOHê milk supply J=…è^ΰ. WOHê tickets book K͆ǰ|_È…è^ΰ. P dress WOHê stitch K͆ǰ|_È…è^ΰ. The cheque has not yet been 2. 358 . Flyover construction WOHê „¬îië Hê…è^ΰ. Function been issued. 14. 15.V. =¶ house „¬îiëHê…è^ΰ. yet been construction WOHê WOHê ㄬH›\÷O„¬|_È…è^ΰ. . : 94406 16425 .. WOHê `džǶ~¡°Hê…è^ΰ. WOHê deliver Hê…è^ΰ. T. 11. Project Report 20. =¶ colony …Õ WOHê roads "͆°Ç |_È…^ è °Î . issue The election notification has not yet 19. K³eÁO„¬ 8. ãHù`Çë text books WOHê print Hê…è^ΰ. 1. 10. =¶ä›½ WOHê P message JO^Î…è^ΰ. 12. ZxßH› • notification WOHê K͆ǰ|_È…è^ΰ. 12.

D q^•ÎOQê =°#O =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#䛽 W„¬C_Í K͆°Ç |_•# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz Qêx. W„¬ C _Í Admission list already „ ã H¬ \ › O÷ „¬|_•#^¥? Has the admission list already been announced ? 7. Has Rs. [~¡°„¬|_•#k „ã t¬ ßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Have/Has+been+ III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. D letters just W„¬C_Í type K͆°Ç |_•#"Œ ? g° house plan already approval K͆°Ç |_•#^¥? W„¬æ\÷=~¡ä›½ g°ä›½ 25 applications JOk#"Œ? J`ÇxH÷ already loan sanction K͆°Ç |_•#^¥ ? J J J J „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° W„¬C_Í. D item just W„¬C_Í `džǶ~¡° J~ò#^¥ ? Has this item just been prepared ? 4. WO`Çä½› =òO^Í. WO`Ç=~¡ä½› XH› „¬x Zxß „¬~Œ¼†Ç°=ò•° K͆°Ç |_•#k. 2000 been spent to you this month sofar ? 9. D news g°ä›½ already `³e‹²#^¥ ? commence Has this news already been known to you ? Has the programme just been commenced ? 8. EXAMPLES 1. W„¬ æ \ ÷ =~¡ ä › ½ D ~ËA 8 K͆°Ç |_•#"Œ ? files clear Have eight files been cleared today sofar ? . g° house loan already clear J~ò#^¥? Has your house loan already been cleared ? 5. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò VW`Ç~¡°•`Ë =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß„¬C_È° W„¬C_ÍQêx. 2000 Y~¡°ó J~ò#^¥ ? Programme just J~ò#^¥ ? 3. W„¬ æ \÷ =~¡ ä › ½ D loan ä› ½ <Œ•°Q® ° instalments K³eO Á „¬|_•#"Œ ? Have four instalments been paid for this loan sofar ? 10. D letters |_•#"Œ? just W„¬C_Í deliver KÍ † Ç ° Have these letters been delivered justnow? 2. =°# journey H÷ K͆°Ç |_•#"Œ ? tikets already book Have the tickets already been booked for our journey ? 359 6. W„¬æ\÷ =~¡ä›½ D <³•…Õ h䛽 ~¡¶. WO`Çä½› =òO^Í K͆°Ç |_•# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz Qêx. WO`Ç䛽 =òO^ΰ Z„¬C_ËQêx.. [~¡°„¬|_•# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz „ ã t ¬ ßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. WO`Ç=~¡ä½› K͆°Ç |_•# „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz „ ã t ¬ ßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular (I q°#‚¬ð) J~ò#„¬C_È° 'has been' =KÇ°ó#°. Plural J~ò#„¬C_È° 'have been' =KÇ°ó#°. WO`Ç=~¡ä½› Qêx K͆°Ç |_•#.

8. 14. „¬ s H› Æ Hall tickets already „¬O„¬|_•#"Œ? g°ä› ½ already classes commence J~ò#"Œ? W„¬æ\÷=~¡ä›½ g°ä›½ ZO`Ç amount K³eÁO„¬ |_•#k? W„¬ æ \ ÷ =~¡ ä › ½ Englsih …Õ g°ä› ½ Zxß lessons complete J~ò#q? W„¬æ\÷ =~¡° P school …Õ ZO`Ç =°Ok „²•Á•° admit J~ò<Œ~¡° ? W„¬æ\÷ =~¡ä›½ "ŒiKÍ Zxß programmes x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ|_•#q ? W„¬æ\÷ =~¡ä½› D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O Zxß telephone connections W=Þ|_•#q ? W„¬æ\÷ =~¡ä½› D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O Zxß teacher posts ƒ•’së K͆°Ç |_•#q ? W„¬æ\÷ =~¡ä›½ P T. 2. 18. ãHù`Çë voter list …Õ W„¬æ\÷ =~¡ä›½ Zxß À„~¡°Á #"³¶^ΰK͆°Ç |_•#q ? Howmany names have been enrolled in the new voter list sofar ? 6. 9. 4. 7. g° bill just W„¬C_Í pass J~ò#^¥? g° class work just W„¬C_Í „¬îië J~ò#^¥? D news g°ä›½ just W„¬C_Í `³e‹²#^¥? D <³• g°ä›½ already salary K³eÁO„¬ |_•#"Œ? S. 12. 12. Howmany chapters have been taught to you in Mathematics sofar ? D match …Õ W„¬æ\÷ =~¡ä›½ Zxß overs bowl K͆°Ç |_•#q ? Howmany overs have been bowled in this match sofar ? h studies H÷ h䛽 WO`Ç=~¡ä›½ ZO`Ç Y~¡°ó 1. 13.S..V. 10. Z 360 . g°ä›½ W„¬æ\÷ =~¡ä›½ Mathematics …Õ Zxß chapters teach K͆°Ç |_•#q? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. Channel …Õ Zxß serials telecast J~ò#q ? W„¬æ\÷ =~¡ä›½ g° father zH÷`•Ç H÷ ZO`Ç amount Y~¡°ó J~ò#k ? W„¬æ\÷ =~¡ä›½ g° house construction H÷ ZO`Ç Y~¡°ó J~ò#k ? A barking dog never bites. Howmuch amount has been spent on your studies sofar ? 5. 3. 16. 13. 15.C. Howmany candidates have been interviewed sofar ? D <³•…Õ W„¬æ\÷ =~¡ä›½ Zxß films release J~ò#q? Howmany films have been released this month sofar ? D bank …Õ D ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O W„¬\ “ ÷ =~¡ä½› ZO`Ç amount deposit K͆°Ç |_•#k ? Howmuch amount has been deposited in this bank this year sofar? D serial W„¬æ¬\÷ =~¡ä›½ Zxß episodes telecast J~ò#q ? Howmany episodes have been telecast in this serial sofar ? D "Œ~¡O W„¬æ\÷=~¡ä›½ Zxß files clear K͆°Ç |_•#q? Howmany files have been cleared this week sofar ? D shopping complex …Õ W„¬æ\÷ =~¡ä›½ Zxß shops sale J~ò<Œ~ò ? Howmany shops have been sold in that shopping complex sofar ? 20. 11. : 94406 16425 'Wh' QUESTIONS EXERCISE 11. J~ò#k? 14. 19. W„¬æ\÷=~¡ä›½ ZO`Ç =°Ok Jƒ•’¼~¡°œ•° interview K͆°Ç |_•<Œ~¡° ? 15. 17.

P ãHù`Çë movie WOHê q_È°^ΕHê…è^¥? Hasn't the salary yet been paid to you this month? 3. results yet Hasn't that new movie yet been released? 8. Cards WOHê print Hê…è^¥? Haven't the cards yet been printed? been Programme WOHê "³ò^Ε°Hê…è^¥? Hasn't the programme yet been commenced? 5. D q^•Î=òQê „ã ‹¬ °¬ `ë OÇ =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#䛽 WOHê ( Yet ) K͆ǰ|_Èx. Bill WOHê pass Hê…è^¥? Hasn't the bill yet been passed? 6. Lunch H÷ items WOHê `džǶ~¡°Hê…è^¥? Haven't the items yet been prepared for lunch? 9. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular J~ò#„¬C_È° 'Hasn't been' =KÇ°ó#°. h䛽 D <³• WOHê salary ~Œ…è^¥? 7. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#䛽 WOHê K͆ǰ|_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. Amount WOHê collect Hê…è^¥? Hasn't the amount yet been collected? . g°ä›½ WOHê orders JO^Î…è^¥? Haven't the orders yet been received to you? 361 Loan WOHê clear Hê…è^¥? Hasn't the loan yet been cleared? 10. EXAMPLES 1. g° results WOHê ㄬH›\÷O„¬|_È…è^¥? Haven't the announced? 4. h䛽 D month WOHê salary ~Œ…è^¥? g°ä›½ WOHê syllabus „¬îië Hê…è^¥? P cheque WOHê encash Hê…è^¥? WOHê g° work „¬îië Hê…è^¥? J J J J Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° =°#=ò =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#䛽 WOH›#¶ K͆ǰ|_Èx „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. Plural J~ò#„¬C_È° 'Haven't been' =KÇ°ó#°. [~¡°„¬|_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Haven't + Hasn't + been + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 2..

School 7. J`ÇxH÷ WOHê Hê…è^ΰ? licence ZO^ΰ䛽 issue 15. P book WOHê ZO^ΰ䛽 publish Hê…è^ΰ? Why hasn't that book yet been published? 19. Letters WOHê type Hê…è^¥? 3. Course WOHê ZO^ΰ䛽 =òy†Ç°…è^ΰ? Why hasn't the course yet been completed? 18. 362 . T. Hall tickets WOHê close Hê…è^¥? WOHê re-open Hê…è^¥? WOHê issue K͆ǰ|_È…è^¥? 8. h=ô WOHê ZO^ΰ䛽 promote Hê…è^ΰ? Why haven't you yet been promoted? 15. =°#䛽 D ª•i material WOHê ZO^ΰ䛽 supply Hê…è^ΰ? 14. P movie WOHê censor Hê…è^¥? 9. Hê…è^ΰ? Why hasn't the problem yet been solved? 12. EXERCISE 'Wh' QUESTIONS 1. Problem WOHê ZO^ΰ䛽 „¬i‘•ø~¡O : 94406 16425 D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. g°ä›½ WOHê payment ZO^ΰ䛽 [~¡Q®…è^ΰ? Z A friend's frown is better than a fool's smile. Cards WOHê ZO^ΰ䛽 distribute Hê…è^ΰ? 11. D ~ËA Hê…è^ΰ? milk WOHê ZO^ΰ䛽 supply 12.V. WOHê x~¡† â °Ç O ZO^ΰ䛽 f‹¬°Hù#|_È…^ è °Î ? 10. g° file WOHê verify Hê…è^¥? 5. „¬sH›Æ WOHê ZO^ΰ䛽 "³ò^Ε°Hê…è^ΰ? 13. WOHê P case f~¡°æ "³•°=_È…è^¥? 2. Construction WOHê ZO^ΰ䛽 „¬îië Hê…è^°Î ? Why hasn't the construction yet been completed? 20. P†Ç°# WOHê hospital #°O_• ZO^ΰ䛽 discharge Hê…è^ΰ? Why hasn't he yet been discharged from the hospital? 13. WOHê U~Œæ@°Á ZO^ΰ䛽 [~¡Q®…è^ΰ? Why haven't the arrangements yet been made? 14. Admissions 6. Notification WOHê ZO^ΰ䛽 issue Hê…è^°Î ? Why hasn't the notification yet been issued? 1. P college …Õ Hê…è^ΰ? seats WOHê ZO^ΰ䛽 ƒ•’së Why haven't the seats yet been filled up in that college? 17. „¬sH›Æ•° WOHê ZO^ΰ䛽 [~¡Q®…è^ΰ? Why haven't the exams yet been conducted? 16.1. set WOHê repair Hê…è^¥? 4..

WO`Çä½› =°òO^³„C¬ _Ë (already) Qêx K͆°Ç |_•#. WO`Çä½› =°òO^³„C¬ _Ë (already) Qêx K͆°Ç |_•#. 3. The message has already been sent to them. Hasn't the bill yet been paid? 4. 1. QUESTION FORM : =°#O =¶\ìÁ_°È ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#䛽 W„¬C_Í ( Just now ) Hêx. NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM : ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO =°#O =¶\ìÁ_È° ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#䛽 WOHê ( Yet) K͆ǰ|_Èx. 4. : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D ~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ 'Have / Has + been + III form of the Verb' J#° structure Q®°iOz <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. Positive Form 2. Ex : 1. Negative Form 3. Ex : 1. Have the books already been sold? 3. 4. 2. The decision has not yet been taken. Negative Question Form J#° 4 parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. Has this item been prepared just now? 2. The files have already been cleared. 3. nx…Õ =°#=ò 1. Haven't the book yet been printed? 363 . NEGATIVE FORM : ㄬ‹¬°ë`ÇO =°#O =¶\ìÁ_È° ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#䛽 WOHê (Yet) K͆ǰ|_Èx. 1. [~¡°„¬|_•# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Have / Has + been + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. The admissions have not yet been closed. This cake has been made just now. POSITIVE FORM : Ex : =°#O =¶\ìÁ_°È ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#䛽 W„¬C_Í ( Just now ) Hêx. Has the matter been known to you just now? 4. Question Form 4. Have the tickets already been looked? 4. Haven't the classes yet been commenced? 3. [~¡°„¬|_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Have not / Has not + been + III form of the Verb " Ex : L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. nxx grammar …Õ "Passive Voice Present Perfect Tense" JO\ì~¡°. 2. [~¡°„¬|_•# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz „ ã t ¬ ßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Have / Has + been + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. The problem has not yet been solved. [~¡°„¬|_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Haven't / Hasn't+ been + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. These letters have been typed just now. 3. Hasn't the notification yet been issued? 2. 1. D 4 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò. The arrangements have not Yet been made.. 2.

Stretch stretched stretched 722. Wither withered withered 740. „¬^°Î #°Ì„@°“@ z=ôÞ@. Wink winked winked 739. Tremble trembled trembled 728. Thicken thickened thickened 724. Tweak tweaked tweaked 729. I Form II Form III Form 721. K³ä›½ø@ "³_È•°æK͆Çò@ H›#°ï~„¬æHù@°“@ "Œ_•‡é=ô@. Tickle tickled tickled 726. . Waddle waddled waddled 733. Negative Question Form ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 4 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. Thrash thrashed thrashed 725. Waver wavered wavered 735. Vex vexed vexed 732. ZO_•‡é=ô@ =¶•H›@°“@ …Õx Positive Form. Negative Form. Twinkle twinkled twinkled 731. : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs. "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O. Wreathe wreathed wreathed D ~ËA Meaning ‡Ú_È°Q®°K͆Çò@ xe„²"͆Çò@ zH›ø„¬~¡KÇ°@ ^•¥#¼=ò#¶~¡°@ ó KÇH÷øeyO`Ç•°Ì„@°“@ ~¡¶„¬=ò=¶~¡°ó@ =}°ä›½@ yeÁ"³°e†Ç°ƒÿ@°“ À„#°@. Question Form. Whet whetted whetted 736. Transform transformed transformed 727. Whittle whittled whittled 737. Twine twined twined 730.. Spoken English lesson Z 364 All things that great men do are welldone. Wander wandered wandered 734. „¬ôi"͆Çò@ q°}°ä›½q°}°ä›½=°#°@ HË„¬=ò`³KÇ°ó@ TQ®°`Ƕ#_È°KÇ°@ ‹¬OKÇiOKÇ°@ ‹¬O‰×~òOKÇ°@ ª•#. Widen widened widened 738. Suspend suspended suspended 723.

"Í°=ò JH›ø_Èä½› "³ˆ¤õ ‹¬iH÷. "Í°=ò x#ß theatre H÷ KÍ~°¡ 䛽<Í ‹¬iH÷ ticket counter close J~ò#k. 5. EXAMPLES 1. 3. JH›ø_È U~Œæ@°Á x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ|_•#q. Plural U^³á##¶ 'had been' =KÇ°ó#°. The arrangements had been made before the guests arrived yesterday. x#ß "Œ~¡° WH›ø_È䛽 =KÍó‹¬iH÷ x~¡â†Ç°O f‹¬°HË=@O [iy#k. "Í°=ò press 䛽 "³ˆõ¤‹¬iH÷ =¶ cards print J~ò=ô#ßq. "Œ~¡° x#ß WH›ø_È䛽 =KÍó‹¬iH÷. Our file had been cleared before we went to the municipal office. The decision had been taken before they came here yesterday. 9. The work had been completed before they came here yesterday <Í # ° K³ „ ¬ æ H › = °òO^Í "ŒiH÷ D news 7. [~¡°„¬|_•# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò.. The news had been known to them before I told them. 8. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. The ticket counter had been closed before we went to the theatre. <Í#° Q®`"Ç Œ~¡O Ti #°O_• uiy =KÍ‹ó i¬ H÷ =¶ results „ã H¬ \› O÷ „¬|_•#q. lesson „¬îië J~ò#k. Dinner had been served before we went to the function hall. 365 6. work „¬îië 10. "Í°=ò JH›ø_È䛽 "³ˆõ¤‹¬iH÷ "³ò^Ε~ò#k. x#ß guests =KÍ ó ‹ ¬ i H÷ U~Œæ @ °Á „¬ î ië J~ò#q. "Í°=ò x#ß Municipal Office H÷ "³ˆõ¤‹¬iH÷ =¶ file clear J~ò#k. J~ò#k. D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ K͆°Ç |_•#. J J J J „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`OÇ …Õx ~ï O_È° „¬#°•…Õ =òO^ΰQê K͆°Ç |_•# „¬#°•#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. [~¡°„¬|_•# ~ï O_È° „¬#°•…Õ =òO^ΰQê K͆°Ç |_•# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Had+been+ III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. 2.PAST PERFECT XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° Q®`OÇ …Õ „¬îië J~ò# ~ï O_È° „¬#°•…Õ =òO^ΰQê K͆°Ç |_•#. The cards had been printed before we went to the press yesterday. J`Ç_È° enquiry KÍÀ‹ ^¥xH÷ =òO^Í P college …Õ admissions close J~ò#q. programme The programme had been commenced before we went there. The admissions had been closed in that college before he enquired. `³e‹²#k. : 94406 16425 PASSIVE VOICE . <Í#° x#ß class H÷ "³ˆõ¤ ‹¬iH÷. 4. . "Í°=ò function hall H÷ "³ˆõ¤ ‹¬iH÷ dinner serve K͆°Ç |_•#k. "Í°=ò x#ß theatre H÷ "³ˆõ¤‹¬iH÷ \÷ïHø@°Á J=òà_È~ò‡é~ò#q.

"Í°=ò theatre H÷ "³ˆõ¤ ‹¬iH÷ tickets sale J~ò‡é~ò<Œ~ò. =¶ results „ã H¬ \ ÷ O÷ „¬|_•#q. 13. 14. <Í#° x#ß class H÷ =KÍó ‹¬iH÷. The operation had been conducted to him before we went to the hospital. "Í ° =ò =¶ native place #°Oz =KÍó‹¬iH÷. ration cards „¬O„²}© K͆°Ç |_•<Œ~ò. . 11. "Í°=ò "³ˆ¤õ ‹¬iH÷ ‹¬=°‹¬¼ KÇióO„¬|_•#k. 9. "Í°=ò x#ß school H÷ "³ˆõ¤ ‹¬iH÷ *ÿO_¨ Pq+¬ø~¡} (hoist) J~ò#k. "Í°=ò x#ß Chennai KÍ~¡°ä›½<Í ‹¬iöH =¶ ^ÎQ®¾~¡ =ô#ß money Y~¡ó~ò‡é~ò#k. x~¡â†Ç°O f‹¬°Hù#|_•#k. 12. 13. "Í°=ò x#ß match KǶ‹ À O^ΰ䛽 stadium H÷ "͈õ¤ ‹¬iH÷ 20 overs J~ò‡é~ò#k. "Í°=ò x#ß bus-stand H÷ "³ˆõ¤‹¬iöH seats reserve J~ò#q. Z 366 . 6. 8. "Í°=ò JH›ø_•H÷ "³ˆ¤õ ‹¬iH÷ amount ready Qê L#ßk. "Í°=ò JH›ø_È䛽 "³ˆõ¤ ‹¬iH÷. <Í#° ~Œãu JH›ø_È䛽 "³ˆõ¤ ‹¬iH÷ P shop colse J~ò=ô#ßk. 12. The seats had been reserved before we reached the bus-stand yesterday. EXERCISE D "ŒH›D ¼=ò•° …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. The discussions had been closed before we went there. 11. "Í°=ò JH›ø_•H÷ KÍ~°¡ 䛽<Í ‹¬iH÷ H÷ dinner items `džǶ~¡° J~ò=ô#ßk. <Í#° x#ß exam centre H÷ KÍ~¡°Hù<Í ‹¬iH÷ exam "³ò^Ε~ò#k. "Í°=ò WH›ø_È䛽 =KÍó ^¥xH÷ =òO^Í =¶ bill pass J~ò#k. The seminor had been commenced before I reached college yesterday. 15. 15. : 94406 16425 . "Í°=ò shop H÷ "³ˆõ¤‹¬iöH =¶ iÀ„~¡° K͆°Ç |_•†Çò#ßk.. 3. The money we had with us had been spent before we reached Chennai yesterday. 16. "Í°=ò Ti #°O_• uiy =KÇ‹ óÍ i¬ H÷. "Í°=ò "³ˆõ¤ ‹¬iH÷ P"³° hospital #°Oz discharge J~ò#k. "Í ° =ò JH› ø _•H÷ "³ ˆ õ ¤ ‹¬ i H÷ KÇ ~ ¡ ó • ° =òy‹²#q. "ŒH›English ¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 4. "Œ~¡° D town H÷ shift J†Í°¼^¥xH÷ =òO^Í WH› ø _È house construct K͆°Ç |_•#k. "Í°=ò hospital H÷ "³ˆõ¤‹¬iöH J`ÇxH÷ P„¬ö~+¬<£ [iy#k. notes dictate K͆°Ç |_•#q. <Í#° apply KÍÀ‹^¥xH÷ =òO^Í P course …Õ seats ƒ•’së J~ò#q. 17. 2. 10. 7. The seats had been filled up before I applied. 1. 14. <Í#° P course …Õ join J†Í°¼ ^¥xH÷ =òO^Í two chapters „¬îië J~ò#q. Face is the index of mind. The ration cards had been distributed before we returned from our village. <Í#° x#ß college H÷ KÍ~¡°ä›½<Í ‹¬iöH seminor "³ò^Ε~ò#k. TV set Our TV set had been repaired before we went to the shop. 5. 18.

8. J„¬æ\÷H÷OHê =¶ results ㄬH›\÷O„¬|_È…è^ΰ. [~¡°„¬|_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. J„¬æ\÷H÷OHê =¶ colony …Õ Wxß houses xiàO„¬|_È…è^ΰ. J„¬æ\H÷ ÷ WOHê „¬O*샘 ‹¬=°‹¬¼ „¬i‘•ø~¡O Hê…è^ΰ. 1. 2. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê tickets sale Hê…è^ΰ. J„¬ æ \ ÷ H ÷ WOHê D K͆ǰ|_È…è^ΰ. 367 7. government had not yet been formed by then. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê =¶ bill pass Hê…è^ΰ. J„¬ æ \ ÷ H ÷ WOHê =¶ |_È…è^ΰ. J„¬æ\H÷ ÷ WOHê D notification "³•°=_È…^ è °Î . This notification had not yet been issued by then.P. D q^•ÎOQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#° K³„C¬ KǶ. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê öHOã^ÎO…Õ U~¡æ_È…è^ΰ. The tickets had not yet been sold by that time. J„¬æ\÷H÷OHê notification "³•°=_È…^è °Î . Plural U^³á##¶ 'Had not been" =KÇ°ó#°. [~¡°„¬|_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Had+not+been + III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. results ã „ ¬ H › \ ÷ O „¬ Our results had not yet been announced by then. 3.J. Our course had not yet been commenced by then. These cards had not yet been printed by then. 10. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê D book publish Hê…è^ΰ. house construct This house had not yet been constructed by then.P. The Punjab problem had not yet been solved by then. J„¬æ\÷H÷OHê programme ‡ã •~¡Oa•O„¬|_È …è^°Î . EXAMPLES cousre commence 6. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~¡°•`Ë =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß„¬C_È° Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#° „ À ~ùø#°KǶ J„¬æ\H÷ ÷ WOHê K͆°Ç |_Èx. J J J J J „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò =~¡ä½› WOHê K͆°Ç |_Èx „¬#°•#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq.J. B. P ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò =~¡ä½› WOHê K͆°Ç |_Èx. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê =¶ Hê…è^ΰ.. 5. Our bill had not yet been passed by then. This book had not yet been published by then. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê D cards print Hê…è^ΰ. 4. . 9. J„¬æ\÷H÷OHê JÌ‹OcÁ ZxßH›•° x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬|_È…è^ΰ. „ã ƒ¬ •’°`ÇÞO The B.

The orders had not yet been received to us by then. J„¬æ\÷H÷ P"³° WOHê K͆ǰ|_È…è^ΰ. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê schools reopen Hê…è^ΰ. EXERCISE The schools had not yet been reopened by then. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê D |_È…è^ΰ. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê ordinance pass Hê…è^ΰ. 12. : 94406 16425 . J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê =¶ä›½ orders JO^Î…è^ΰ. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê Hê…è^ΰ. J„¬æ\H÷ ÷ WOHê "Œi =°^•Î¼ KÇ~•ó¡ ° [~¡°Q®…^ è °Î . 368 . 17. college …Õ seats ƒ•’së D "ŒH›D ¼=ò•° …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. J„¬ æ \÷ H ÷ WOHê =°# ~ŒRO…Õ government U~Œæ@°Hê…è^ΰ. Hyderabad H÷ He had not yet been transfered to Hyderabad by then. 5. dinner H÷ items new text book publish 13. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê exam. 15. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê U~Œæ@°Á „¬îië Hê…è^ΰ.Tech …Õ 7. 19. hospital …Õ admit She had not yet been admited to hospital by then. J„¬ æ \÷ H ÷ WOHê `džǶ~¡°Hê…è^ΰ. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê J`ÇxÌ„á case file Hê…è^ΰ. J„¬ æ \÷ H ÷ WOHê =¶ä› ½ connection W=Þ|_È…è^ΰ. scheme ‡ã •~¡Oa•O„¬ This scheme had not yet been launched by then. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê =¶ brother admit K͆ǰ|_È…è^ΰ. interviews x~¡ Þ ‚² ì O„¬ The interviews had not yet been conducted by then. 2. 3. 16. show room open 9. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê P†Ç°# arrest Hê…è^ΰ. J„¬æ\H÷ ÷ WOHê D news =¶ä›½ `³e†Ç°…è^°Î . 14. 1. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê J`Ç_È° transfer Hê…è^ΰ. date announce Hê…è^ΰ. J„¬ æ \÷ H ÷ WOHê P "³•°=_È…è^ΰ. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê =¶ syllabus „¬îiëHê…è^ΰ. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê D Hê…è^ΰ. 10. This ordinance had not yet been passed by then. 11. J„¬æ\H÷ ÷ WOHê =¶ exam. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê JH›ø_È work „¬îiëHê…è^ΰ. TDP The TDP government had not yet been formed in our state by then. The Seats had not yet been filled up in that college by then. J„¬æ\H÷ ÷ WOHê ticket counter close Hê…è^°Î . The work had not yet been finished there by then. 18. 14. case judgement 8. "ŒH›English ¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. commence Hê…è^ΰ. . J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê P Hê…è^ΰ. J„¬ æ \ ÷ H ÷ WOHê |_È…è^ΰ. Z A living ass is better than a dead lion. 6. B. 20. 12. 13. 15. 11. telephone 4..

Plural U^³á##¶ 'Had been' =KÇ°ó#°. 7. g°~¡° x#ß class H÷ "³ˆõ¤ ‹¬iH÷. [~¡°„¬|_•# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Had+been+ III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.V. Had the work been completed before you reached there ? h=ô apply KÍÀ‹^¥xH÷ =òO^Í. "Œ~¡° WH›ø_È䛽 =KÍó^¥xH÷ =òO^Í.V. D q^•ÎOQê Q®`OÇ …Õ „¬îië J~ò# ~ï O_È° „¬#°•…Õ =òO^ΰQê K͆°Ç |_•#. ordinance *ìs K͆°Ç |_•#^¥ ? Had the ordinance been passed before Sri P. 9. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. cards JKÇ°ó "͆°Ç |_•#"Œ ? Had the cards been printed before you went to the press yesterday ? 369 8. EXAMPLES 1. lesson „¬îië J~ò#^¥ ? g°~¡° "³ˆ¤õ ‹¬iH÷ JH›ø_È U~Œæ@°Á x~¡Þ‚²ìOKÇ|_•#"Œ ? h=ô Q®`"Ç Œ~¡O Ti #°O_• uiy=KÍó ‹¬iH÷ g° results „ã H¬ \› O÷ „¬|_•#"Œ ? g°~¡° x#ß theatre H÷ "³ˆõ¤ ‹¬iH÷. \÷ïHø@°Á J~ò‡é~ò<Œ†Ç¶ ? J J J J „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`OÇ …Õx ~ï O_È° „¬#°•…Õ =òO^ΰQê K͆°Ç |_•# „¬#°•#° „ ã t ¬ ßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. h=ô JH›ø_•H÷ KÍ~°¡ 䛽<Í ‹¬iH÷. h=ô g° Ti#°O_• =KÍ^ ó ¥xH÷ =òO^Í. exam ‡ã •~¡Oa•OKÇ|_•#^¥ ? Had the examination been commenced before you reached the college ? g°~¡° x#ß office H÷ "³ˆõ¤‹¬iH÷ g° file verify K͆°Ç |_•#^¥ ? Had your file been verified before you went to office yesterday? J`Ç_È° letter ã"ŒÀ‹^¥xH÷ =òO^Í.. Had the examination results been announced before you came from your village ? h=ô J`Çxx H›eÀ‹ ^¥xH÷ =òO^Í. [~¡°„¬|_•# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz „ ã t ¬ ßOKÇ° KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. Had the arrangements been made before they came here ? h=ô college H÷ KÍ~¡°ä›½<Í ‹¬iH÷. P Hê…èl…Õ admissions =òy‹²#"Œ ? Had the admissions been closed in that college before you applied ? 3. U~Œæ@°Á K͆°Ç |_•#"Œ ? 2. 5. „¬ ^ Î q =^Î … è ^ ¥xH÷ =òO^Í . : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò VW`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° Q®`OÇ …Õ „¬îië J~ò# ~ï O_È° „¬#°•…Õ =òO^ΰQê K͆°Ç |_•#. g° „¬sHÆê „¦e¬ `Œ•° „ ã H¬ \ › O÷ „¬|_•#"Œ ? 4. bank #°O_• money withdraw K͆°Ç |_•#^¥ ? Had the amount been withdrawn from the bank before you met him ? x#ß g°~¡° press H÷ "³ˆõ¤‹¬iH÷. tickets book K͆°Ç |_•#"Œ? Had the tickets been booked before he wrote the letter ? N P. 10. left his post ? . JH›ø_È „¬x „¬îië K͆°Ç |_•#^¥? 6.

JH›ø_È U~Œæ@°Á Z=iKÍ`Ç K͆°Ç |_•#q ? 19. g°~¡° J`Çxx H›e‹ À ^¥xH÷ =òO^Í. g°~¡° JH›ø_ÈH÷ "³ˆõ¤‹¬iH÷. 16. J`Ç_È° service „¬îië KÍÀ‹^¥xH÷ =òO^Í. J`Ç _ È ° ZH› ø _È tH› Æ } ‡ÚO^Î|_•<Œ_È°? Where had he been trained before he got appointment in this station ? 18. "ŒiH÷ D q+¬†°Ç O `³e‹²#^¥ ? 9.. ZH›ø_È x†Ç°q°O„¬|_•<Œ=ô ? Z Jack of all trades. g°~¡° JH›ø_ÈH÷ KÍ~°¡ Hù<Í ‹¬iH÷. h=ô P HË~¡°•…Õ KÍ~ö ‹¬iH÷ Zxß teach K͆°Ç |_•#q ? 12. 1. P HË~¡°•…Õ Zxß seats fill up K͆°Ç |_•<Œ~ò? Howmany seats had been filled up before you applied for that course ? h=ô x#ß interview H÷ "³ˆ¤‹ õ i¬ H÷. EXERCISE 'Wh' QUESTIONS 11. lessons Howmany lessons had been taught before you joined the course ? h=ô J`Çxx H›eÀ‹ ‹¬iH÷. P "Œ~¡ë town JO`Œ "Œ¼„²OzO^¥ ? 5. g°~¡° ‹¬ÞO`ÇO KÍ‹¬°Hù<Í ^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ. 17. Zxß overs bowl K͆°Ç |_•#q ? Howmany overs had been bowled before you went to the stadium ? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. ZO`Ç amount Y~¡°ó J~ò=ô#ßk ? 11. h=ô L^˼Q® O ‡ÚO^Í ^ ¥xH÷ =òO^Î ° . P ‹¬O‹¬Ö Z=i KÍ`Ç maintain K͆°Ç |_• #k? 15. x~¡† â °Ç O f‹¬°Hù#|_•#^¥ ? 8. g°~¡° JH›ø_È |†Ç°•°^Íö~ ^¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ. letters type K͆°Ç |_•=ô#ß"Œ ? 7. ZO^ΰ䛽 `ù•yOKÇ|_•<Œ_È° ? 10. x#ß h=ô complex H÷ "³ˆ¤õ‹i¬ H÷. g°~¡° J`Çxx H›eÀ‹‹¬iH÷. g°ä›½ message JOk#^¥ ? 12. h=ô institute H÷ "³ˆõ¤‹¬iH÷. g°~¡ ° hospital H÷ "³ ˆ õ ¤ ‹¬ i H÷ . h=ô WH›ø_•H÷ transfer ‡ÚO^Í ^ ¥xH÷ =òO^ΰ. Z=iKÍ`Ç KÇkqOKÇ|_•<Œ=ô ? 13. work „¬îië J~ò=ô#ß^¥ ? 3. P"³ ° discharge K͆°Ç |_•#^¥ ? 6. x#ß g°~¡° JH›ø_•H÷ KÍ~°¡ 䛽<Í ‹¬iH÷. ZO`Ç amount collect J~ò#k? Howmuch amount had been collected before you met him ? g°~¡° JH›ø_•H÷ "³ˆõ¤‹¬iH÷ Zxß cards JKÇ°"ó † Í °Ç |_•#q ? Howmany cards had been printed before you went there ? 14. By whom had that firm been maintained before you owned it ? h=ô P course H÷ apply KÍÀ‹‹¬iH÷. 13. 370 . g°~¡° JH›ø_ÈH÷ "³ˆõ¤‹¬iH÷ programme "³ò^Ε~ò#^¥ ? 4. h=ô K³„ À æ^¥xH÷ =òO^Í. : 94406 16425 By whom had the arrangements been made there before you went there ? g°~¡° x#ß stadium H÷ "³ˆ¤õ‹i¬ H÷. shop close K͆°Ç |_•=ô#ß^¥? 2. master of none. ZO`Ç=°Ok Jƒ•’¼~¡°•Ö ° interview K͆°Ç |_•<Œ~¡° ? Howmany candidates had been interviewed before you went there ? D station …Õ x†Ç¶=°H›O ‡ÚO^Í^¥xH÷ =òO^Î ° .

,

: 94406 16425

NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM
XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~¡°•`Ë =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß„¬C_È° Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#°
‹¬¶zOKÇ°KǶ J„¬æ\÷=~¡ä›½ WOH›#¶ (Yet) K͆ǰ|_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense
…Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò.

J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê g° ‹¬=°‹¬¼ „¬i‘•ø~¡O Hê…è^¥? J J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê Degree „¦¬e`Œ•° ~Œ…è^¥?
J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê college re-open Hê…è^¥? J J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê =°# ~Œ*ì¼OQ®O U~¡æ_È…è^¥?

J
J

Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`ÇO…Õ XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò=~¡ä›½ WOH›#¶ K͆ǰ|_Èx „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz
ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq.

Dq^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#° K³„C¬ KǶ, P ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò =~¡ä½› WOH›#¶ ( Yet ) K͆°Ç |_Èx,
[~¡°„¬|_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz negative sense …Õ ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽
"Hadn't + been + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.
*

Note :

"ŒH›¼=ò…Õx

Subject Singular, Plural

U^³á##¶ 'Hadn't been' =KÇ°ó#°.

EXAMPLES
1. J„¬æ\H÷ ÷ WOHê g°ä›½ D q+¬†°Ç O `Çe³ †Ç°^¥?
Hadn't this matter yet been known to
you by then?

2. J„¬ æ \÷ H ÷ WOHê
H›ê…è^¥?

programme

"³ ò ^Î • °

Hadn't the programme yet been
commenced?

3. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê g°ä›½ orders JO^Î…è^¥?
Hadn't the orders yet been received to
you by then?

4. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê D book publish Hê…è^¥?
Hadn't this book yet been published
by then?

5. J„¬æ\H÷ ÷ WOHê g°ä›½ syllabus „¬îië Hê…è^¥?
Hadn't the syllabus yet been completed
by then?
371

6. J„¬æ\÷H÷ work WOHê „¬îië Hê…è^¥?
Hadn't the work yet been finished by
then?

7. J„¬æ\÷H÷ admissions WOHê =òy†Ç°…è^¥?
Hadn't the admissions yet been closed
by then?

8. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê budget ㄬ"͉×Ì„@“|_È…è^¥?
Hadn't the budget yet been presented
by then?

9. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê results ㄬH›\÷O„¬|_È…è^¥?
Hadn't the results yet been announced
by then?

10. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê U~Œæ@°Á [~¡°Q®…è^¥?
Hadn't the arrangements been made
by then?

,
'Wh' QUESTIONS

11. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê
Hê…è^ΰ?

report

ZO^ΰ䛽 `džǶ~¡°

: 94406 16425
EXERCISE

D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•.
1. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê classes "³ò^Ε°Hê…è^¥?

12.

Why hadn't the report yet been
prepared by then?
J„¬ æ \÷ H ÷ WOHê permission ZO^Î ° ä› ½

3. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê cards print Hê…è^¥?

13.

Why hadn't the permission yet been
granted by then?
J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê P house Mìm ZO^ΰ䛽

~Œ…è^ΰ?

J=…è^ΰ?

Why hadn't house yet been vacated by
then?

14. J„¬ æ \÷ H ÷ WOHê x~¡ â † Ç ° O ZO^Î ° ä› ½
f‹¬°H›ù#|_È…è^ΰ?
15.

Why hadn't the decision yet been taken
by then?
J„¬ æ \ ÷ H ÷ WOHê hä› ½ salary ZO^Î ° ä› ½

~Œ…è^ΰ?

Why hadn't the salary yet been paid to
you?

2. J„¬æ\H÷ ÷ WOHê schedule „
ã H¬ \
› O÷ „¬|_È…^
è ¥?
4. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê g°ä›½ message JO^Î…è^¥?
5. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê h䛽 loan sanction Hê…è^¥?
6. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê course „¬îiëHê…è^¥?
7. J„¬ æ \÷ H ÷ WOHê
K͆ǰ|_È…è^¥?

report

submit

8. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê P movie q_È°^ΕHê…è^¥?
9. J„¬ æ \÷ H ÷ WOHê J`Ç _ È ° P
x†Ç°q°O„¬|_È…è^¥?

post

…Õ

16. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê P qãQ®‚¬ì Pq+¬ø~¡} ZO^ΰ䛽
[~¡°Q®…è^ΰ?
17.

Why hadn't the statue yet been
unveiled by then?
J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê tickets ZO^ΰ䛽 book

10. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê
Hê…è^ΰ?

11. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê =‹¬°ë=ô•° ZO^ΰ䛽 deliver
Hê…è^ΰ?

18.

Why hadn't the tickets yet been booked
by then?
J„¬ æ \÷ H ÷ WOHê items ZO^Î ° ä› ½

19.
20.

K͆ǰ|_È…è^ΰ?

`džǶ~¡°Hê…è^ΰ?

Why hadn't the items yet been
prepared by then?
J„¬æ\H÷ ÷ WOHê G.O ZO^ΰ䛽 pass Hê…è^°Î ?
Why hadn't the G.O. yet been passed
by then?
J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê notification ZO^ΰ䛽 issue

amount

ZO^ΰ䛽

collect

12. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê P project x~Œà}O ZO^ΰ䛽
„¬îiëHê…è^ΰ?
13. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê bill ZO^ΰ䛽 pass Hê…è^ΰ?
14. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê party …Õ
serve Hê…è^ΰ?
15. J„¬æ\÷H÷ WOHê
Hê…è^ΰ?

amount

dinner

ZO^ΰ䛽

ZO^ΰ䛽

deposit

Hê…è^ΰ?

Why hadn't the notification yet been
issued by then?

The tradden path is the safest.

Z
372

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: 94406 16425

REVISION
What have we learnt today ?

=°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ?
D ~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ 'Had + been + III form of the Verb'
J#° structure Q®°iOz <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. nxx grammar …Õ "Passive Voice -Past Perfect Tense"
JO\ì~¡°. nx…Õ =°#=ò 1. Positive Form 2. Negative Form 3. Question Form 4. Negative
Question Form J#° 4 parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. D 4 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò.
1. POSITIVE FORM :

Q®`ÇO…Õx ï~O_È° „¬#°•…Õ =òO^ΰQê K͆ǰ|_•#, [~¡°„¬|_È•# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz
‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Had + been + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.
Ex :

1. The programme had been commenced before we went there yesterday.
2. The letters had been typed before he came here.
3. The work had been finished before we went there.
4. The notes had been dictated before I entered the class.
2. NEGATIVE FORM :

Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#° K³„¬CKǶ J„¬æ\÷ =~¡ä›½ WOH›#¶ K͆ǰ|_Èx, [~¡°„¬|_Èx XH›
„¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Had not + been + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ
=…ÿ#°.
Ex :

1. The decision had not yet been taken by then.
2. The tickets had not yet been sold by then.
3. The orders had not yet been received to us by then.
4. The problem had not yet been solved by then.
3. QUESTION FORM :

Q®`ÇO…Õx ï~O_È° „¬#°•…Õ =òO^ΰQê K͆ǰ|_•#, [~¡°„¬|_È•# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz
ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Had + been + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.
Ex :

1. Had the exam been commenced before you reached the college?
2. Had the cards been printed before you went there?
3. Had the shop been closed before you went there?
4. Had the arrangements been made before the guests came?
4. NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM :

Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#° K³„¬CKǶ J„¬æ\÷ =~¡ä›½ WOH›#¶ K͆ǰ|_Èx, [~¡°„¬|_Èx XH›
„¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Hadn't + been + III form of the Verb "
L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.
Ex :

373

1.
2.
3.
4.

Hadn't the letters been posted by then?
Hadn't the results been announced by then?
Hadn't the items been prepared by then?
Hadn't the file been cleared by then?

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: 94406 16425

D ~ËA Hùxß verbs, "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O.
I Form

II Form

III Form

741.

Immigrate

immigrated

immigrated

742.

Immolate

immolated

immolated

743.

Impale

impaled

impaled

744.

Imprison

imprisoned

imprisoned

745.

Incite

incited

incited

746.

Incubate

incubated

incubated

747.

Inculcate

inculcated

inculcated

748.

Indict

indicted

indicted

749.

Infect

infected

infected

750.

Inject

injected

injected

751.

Inscribe

inscribed

inscribed

752.

Insert

inserted

inserted

753.

Instigate

instigated

instigated

754.

Instruct

instructed

instructed

755.

Insure

insured

insured

756.

Integrate

integrated

integrated

757.

Intercede

interceded

interceded

758.

Interpret

interpretted

interpretted

759.

Interrogate

interrogated

interrogated

760.

Intersperse

interspersed

interspersed

D ~ËA

Meaning

=•‹¬=zó x=tOKÇ°@
|eWKÇ°ó@
‰×´•=ò`ˇÚ_•zKÇO„¬ô@
K³~ª¡ ••…Õ |Ok•OKÇ°@
„¬ôiHù•°æ@
ãQ®°_ÈÁ#° ‡Ú^ΰQ®°@
ƒìQê J~¡Ö=°Q®°#@°Á
ƒÕk•OKÇ°
<Í~¡=ò"³¶„¬ô@
~ËQ®=ò#° JO\÷OKÇ°
…Õ„¬eH÷ ZH÷øOKÇ°
‰§‹¬#=ò edOKÇ°@
…ÕxH÷^Ë„¬ô@
„¬ôiQù•°æ
<Í~¡°æ@, L„¬^ÍtOKÇ°@
c•=¶ K͆òÇ @
XH›\÷QêK͆Çò@
`ÇiøOKÇ°@
J~¡Ö=òK³„¬C@
ㄬtßOKÇ°@
JKÇó@KÇó@ =ôOKÇ°@

…Õx Positive Form, Negative Form, Question Form,
Negative Question Form ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i
D 4 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•.
Spoken English lesson

Z
374

Labour conquers everything.

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: 94406 16425

PASSIVE VOICE - FUTURE PERFECT
XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò W`Ç~¡°•`Ë =¶\ìÁ_È°KÇ°#ß„¬C_È° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°ë…Õx XH› xsâ`Ç
‹¬=°†Ç°=ò…Õ„¬• K͆ǰ|_È°, [~¡°„¬|_È° XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò.

ö~„¬\÷ …Õ„¬• Jxß cards„¬O„²}© K͆ǰ|_È`Œ~ò.
=KÍó <³• …Õ„¬• =¶ syllabus „¬îië J=ô`Ç°Ok.

J
J

J
J

~ö „¬\÷ …Õ„¬• D file verifiy J=ô`Ç°Ok.
=KÍó"Œ~¡O …Õ„¬• P necklace `džǶ~¡°
J=ô`Ç°Ok.


Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õ „¬îië K͆°Ç |_È° „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq.

D q^•Î=òQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› xsâ^Ί ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò …Õ„¬• ~ö „¬ô, =KÍ"ó Œ~¡O, =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH›
ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°ë…Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³á##° K͆ǰ|_È°, [~¡°„¬|_È° XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz
‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽
"Will have+been+ III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°.
*

Note :

"ŒH›¼=ò…Õx

Subject Singular, Plural U^³á##¶ ''Will have +been+III form' =KÇ°ó#°.

EXAMPLES
1.

Next month 15th

2.

Our syllabus
will have been
completed by 15th next month.
Next Monday …Õ„¬ • D work

3.

This work will have been finished by
next Monday.
Next December …Õ„¬• House loan clear

8.

4.

The house loan will have been
cleared by next December.
Next March …Õ„¬• D book publish

9.

5.

This book will have been published
by next March.
Next Month 10 th …Õ„¬• H
ã ù`Çë „
ã ƒ¬ •’°`ÇÞO

All the pending files will have been
cleared by next week.
10. Next
June
…Õ„¬ •
bridge

„¬î~¡ë=ô`Ç°Ok.

…Õ„¬• =¶

syllabus

6.

7.

„¬î~¡ë=ô`Ç°Ok.

U~¡æ_È°`Ç°Ok.

The new government will have been
formed by 10th of next month.
375

The goods will have been delivered
to you by 10 a.m. tomorrow.
D ~ËA 4 p.m. …Õ„¬• D Hê~¡°Û•° print

J=ô`Œ~ò.

J=ô`Ç°Ok.

J=ô`Ç°Ok.

ö~„¬ô L^ΆǰO 10 Q®OII• …Õ„¬• g°ä›½
=‹¬°ë=ô•° deliver J=ô`Œ~ò.

These cards will have been printed
by 4 p.m. today.
Next Monday …Õ„¬ • admission list
announce K͆ǰ|_Ȱ`ǰOk.
The admission list will have been
announced by next Monday.
Pending files Jhß next week …Õ„¬• clear

J=ô`Œ~ò.

xiàOKÇ|_È°`Ç°Ok.

The bridge
will have
constructed by next June.

been

,
: 94406
16425 .

,
11.

ö~„¬\÷…Õ„¬• D
|_È°`Ç°Ok.

T.V. set repair

K͆ǰ

This T.V. set will have been repaired
by tomorrow.
12. Next month …Õ„¬• g° problem solve

J=ô`Ç°Ok.

Your problem will have been solved
by next month.
13. ~
ö „¬ô ª•†Ç°Oã`OÇ …Õ„¬• amount ready Qê

LO@°Ok.

14.

The amount will have been kept ready
by tom orrow evening.
~ö „¬ô ª•†Ç°Oã`OÇ …Õ„¬• function 䛽 Jxß

U~Œæ@°Á K͆ǰ|_È°`Œ~ò.

All the arrangements will have been
made for the function by tomorrow
evening.
15. Next Monday …Õ„¬ • report submit

K͆ǰ|_Ȱ`ǰOk.

The report will have been submitted
by next Monday.
16. P case judgement next month 10th
…Õ„¬• deliver J=ô`Ç°Ok.
The judgement of the case will have
been delivered by 10th of next month.
17. Next month …Õ„¬ • ã H ù`Ç ë G.O. pass

J=ô`Ç°Ok.

The new G.O. will have been passed
by next month.
18. D house next 1st …Õ„¬ • vacate

J=ô`Ç°Ok.

This house will have been vacated
by next first.
19. August 10th …Õ„¬• degree admissions
close J~ò‡é`Œ~ò.
Degree admissions will have been
closed by August 10th
20. ö ~ „¬ ô ª•†Ç ° Oã ` Ç O …Õ„¬ • g°ä› ½ orders

„¬O„¬|_È°`Œ~ò.

The orders will have been sent to you
by tomorow evening.

EXERCISE

D "ŒH›D
¼=ò•°
…ÕxH÷ translate
K͆°Ç O_•.
"ŒH›English
¼=ò•° English
…ÕxH÷ translate

1.†°Ç O_•.
~ö „¬ô ª•†Ç°Oã`OÇ …Õ„¬• "ŒiH÷ message
JO^ΰ`ǰOk.
2. Next monday …Õ„¬• amount JO`Œ collect J=ô`Ç°Ok.
3. Next Monday …Õ„¬• D tickets Jhß sale
J=ô`Œ~ò.
4. ö~„¬ô ª•†Ç°Oã`ÇO…Õ„¬• final decision
f‹¬°HË|_È°`Ç°Ok.
5. April 1st …Õ„¬• Jhß public „¬sH›Æ•°
x~¡Þ‚²ìO„¬|_È`Œ~ò.
6. Q®O@…Õ„¬• Jhß items `džǶ~¡=ô`Œ~ò.
7. next june …Õ D course complete
J=ô`Ç°Ok.
8. Next month 10th …Õ„¬• Group - 1 ãHù`Çë
notification "³•°=_È°`Ç°Ok.
9. Next year …Õ„¬• town …Õ ãHù`Çë~Ë_ÈÁhß
"͆ǰ|_È`Œ~ò.
10. ö~„¬ô ª•†Ç°Oã`ÇO 5 'O' clock …Õ„¬ •
‡éeOQ· =òQ®°‹¬°ëOk.
11. Next Monday …Õ„¬• ZxßH›• „¦¬e`Œ•°
ㄬH›\÷OKÇ|_È`Œ~ò.
12. D book [#=i 14…Õ„¬ • publish
J=ô`Ç°Ok.
13. ï ~ O_È ° ~ËA•…Õ project report
`džǶ~¡=ô`Ç°Ok.
14. Next monday …Õ„¬• g°ä›½ amount
K³eÁO„¬|_È°`Ç°Ok.
15. Next year …Õ„¬• g°ä›½ Jxß =‹¬`Ç°•°
H›eæOKÇ|_È`Œ~ò.

Z

The law maker should not be a law breaker.

376

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QUESTION FORM
XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò VW`Ç~°¡ •`Ë =¶\ìÁ_°È KÇ°#ß„C¬ _È° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› xsâ`Ç ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò
…Õ„¬• K͆ǰ|_È°, [~¡°„¬|_È° XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò.

ö~„¬\÷ …Õ„¬• Jxß cards „¬O„²}© J=ô`Œ†Ç¶?
=KÍó <³• …Õ„¬• =¶ syllabus „¬îië J=ô`Ç°O^¥?

J
J

J
J

~ö „¬\÷ …Õ„¬• D file verifiy J=ô`Ç°O^¥?
=KÍó"Œ~¡O …Õ„¬• P necklace `džǶ~¡°
J=ô`Ç°O^¥?


Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò …Õ„¬• K͆°Ç |_È° „¬#°•#° „
ã t
¬ ßOKÇ°@#°
‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq.

D q^•ÎOQê ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› xsâ`Ç ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò …Õ„¬• ~ö „¬ô, =KÍ"ó Œ~¡O, =KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH›
ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³#á #° K͆°Ç |_È°, [~¡°„¬|_È° XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz „ã t¬ ßOKÇ°@#°
‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽
"Will have+been+ III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.
"ŒH›¼=ò…Õx
Subject Singular, Plural U^³á##¶
*

Note :

'Will have + been + III form of the Verb' =KÇ°ó#°.

EXAMPLES
1. =KÍó 5= `Ík …Õ„¬• orders JO^ΰ`Œ†Ç¶?
2.

Will the orders have been received
by 5th of next month.
ö ~ „¬ \ ÷ …Õ„¬ • D letters dispatch

K͆ǰ|_È`Œ†Ç¶ ?

Will these letters have been
dispatched by tomorrow ?

6. ª•†Ç°Oã`OÇ …Õ„¬• P Hê~¡°
|_È°`Ç°Ok ?

7. =KÍ ó PQ® + ¬ µ “ …Õ„¬ • g° ‹² • |‹¹ „¬ î ië
J=ô`Ç°O^¥ ?
8.

4.

9.

5.

377

xiàO„¬|_È°`Ç°O^¥ ?

Will the bridge have been
constructed there by next year ?
~ö „¬ô ª•†Ç°Oã`OÇ …Õ„¬• D cards Jx߆Çò
distribute K͆ǰ|_È`Œ†Ç¶ ?
Will these cards have been
distributed by tomorrow evening ?

K͆ǰ

Will that car have been repaired by
this evening ?

3. =KÍ ó <³ • …Õ„¬ • Hù`Ç ë x†Ç ¶ =°Hê•°
[~¡°Q®°`Œ†Ç¶ ?

Will the new appointments have been
made by next month ?
=KÍó ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …Õ„¬• JH›ø_È bridge

repair

Will the syllabus have been
completed by next August ?
ö~„¬\÷ …Õ„¬• D tickets sale J=ô`Œ†Ç¶?
Will these tickets have been sold by
tomorrow ?
=KÍó <³• 1= `Ín …Õ„¬• amount collect

J=ô`Ç°O^¥ ?

Will the amount have been colleted
by 1st of next month ?

10. =KÍó ªé=°"Œ~¡O …Õ„¬• =°# „¦¬e`Œ•°
ㄬH›\÷O„¬|_È`Œ†Ç¶ ?
Will our results have been announced
by next Monday ?

,

EXERCISE

'Wh' QUESTIONS
admissions close

D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•.

When will the degree admissions have
been closed ?
ª•†Ç°Oã`ÇO …Õ„¬• Zxß letters type

1. ö~„¬\÷ …Õ„¬• g°ä›½ orders JO^ΰ`Œ†Ç¶?
2. Next Monday …Õ„¬• g°ä›½ syllabus „¬îië
J=ô`Ç°O^¥ ?
3. Next month …Õ„¬• classes commence
J=ô`Œ†Ç¶ ?
4. Next December …Õ„¬• P a
ã _•û x~Œà}O
„¬îiëJ=ô`Ç°O^¥ ?
5. ö~„¬\÷ …Õ„¬• money collect J=ô`Ç°O^¥?
6. =KÍó"Œ~¡O …Õ„¬• P"³° hospital #°Oz
discharge J=ô`Ç°O^¥?
7. Next year …Õ„¬ • g° course „¬ î ië
J=ô`Ç°O^¥ ?
8. Z„¬æ\÷ …Õ„¬• S.I. posts ƒ•’së K͆°Ç |_È
`Œ~ò ?
9. Z„¬æ\÷ …Õ„¬• degree admissions close
J=ô`Œ~ò ?
10. ~ö „¬ô ª•†Ç°Oã`OÇ …Õ„¬• Zxß bills pass
K͆ǰ|_È`Œ~ò ?
11. Next month …Õ„¬ • ZO`Ç Y~¡ ° ó
K͆ǰ|_Ȱ`ǰOk ?
12. Next Monday …Õ„¬• Zxß application
forms JO^ΰ`Œ~ò ?
13. ö ~ „¬ \ ÷ …Õ„¬ • Zxß pages compose
K͆ǰ|_È`Œ~ò ?
14. D ~ËA ª•†Ç°Oã`OÇ …Õ„¬• ZO`Ç=°Ok
Jƒ•’¼~¡°•Ö ° interview K͆ǰ|_È`Œ~¡° ?
15. Z„¬æ\÷ …Õ„¬• P W•°Á Mìm J=ô`Ç°Ok ?

11. Z„¬æ\÷ …Õ„¬• _•ãw
J=ô`Œ~ò ?
12.

13.
14.

K͆ǰ|_È`Œ~ò ?

Howmany letters will have been
typed by this evening ?
ö~„¬\÷ …Õ„¬• Zxß tikets sale J=ô`Œ~ò ?
Howmany tickets will have been sold
by tomorrow ?
Z„¬ æ \÷ …Õ„¬ • JH› ø _È work „¬ î ië

J=ô`Ç°Ok?

When will the work have been
completed there?

15. P W•°Á Z„¬æ\÷ …Õ„¬• xiàOKÇ|_È°`Ç°Ok?
16.

When will the house have been
constructed?
ö ~ „¬ \ ÷ …Õ„¬ • ZO`Ç amount =‹¬ ¶ •°

17.

Howmuch amount will have been
collected by tomorrow ?
=KÍó <³• …Õ„¬• g°ä›½ Zxß lessons teach

18.

Howmany lessons will have been
taught to you by next month ?
hä› ½ loan Z„¬ æ \÷ …Õ„¬ • sanction

19.
20.

: 94406 16425

J=ô`Ç°Ok ?

K͆ǰ|_È`Œ~ò ?

J=ô`Ç°Ok ?

When will the loan have been
sanctioned to you ?
Z„¬æ\÷…Õ„¬• P plan approve J=ô`Ç°Ok?
When will the plan have been
approved ?
ö~„¬\÷ …Õ„¬• Zxß ‡•@•° compose

J=ô`Œ~ò?

Howmany songs will have been
composed by tomorrow ?

No sweet without sweat.

Z
378

39 DAY
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: 94406 16425

REVISION
What have we learnt today ?

=°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ?
D ~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ 'Will have + been + III form of the
Verb' J#° structure Q®°iOz <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. nxx grammar …Õ "Passive Voice -Future
Perfect Tense" JO\ì~¡°. nx…Õ =°#=ò 1. Positive Form 2. Question Form J#° 2 parts
<Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. D 2 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò.
1.

POSITIVE FORM :

ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› xsâ`Ç ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò …Õ„¬• K͆°Ç |_È°, [~¡°„¬|_È° XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz
‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Will have + been + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.
Ex :

1. The course will have been completed by next month.
2. The G.O. will have been passed by next December.
3. The admission will have been closed by August 10th.
4. The payment will have been made by next Monday.

2.

QUESTION FORM :

ƒ•’q+¬¼`Ç°…ë Õx XH› xsâ`Ç ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò…Õ„¬• K͆°Ç |_È°, [~¡°„¬|_È° XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz
ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Will have + been + III form of the Verb "
L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°.
Ex :

1. Will this work have been finished by tomorrow?
2. Will the amount have been collected by next week?
3. Will the file have been cleared by next month?
4. Will the house have been constructed by next month?

379

,

: 94406 16425

D ~ËA Hùxß verbs, "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O.
I Form

II Form

III Form

761.

Jabber

jabbered

jabbered

762.

Jade

jaded

jaded

763.

Jam

jammed

jammed

764.

Joint

jointed

jointed

765.

Jolt

jolted

jolted

766.

Jumble

jumbled

jumbled

767.

Land

landed

landed

768.

Launder

laundered

laundered

769.

Lebitate

lebitated

lebitated

770.

Liberate

liberated

liberated

771.

Limp

limped

limped

772.

Lisp

lisped

lisped

773.

Loiter

loitered

loitered

774.

Loll

lolled

lolled

775.

Loose

loosened

loosened

776.

Loot

looted

looted

777.

Lop

lopped

lopped

778.

Lull

lulled

lulled

779.

Lurk

lurked

lurked

780.

Lynch

lynched

lynched

Meaning

„¬xH÷~Œx=¶@•°
=¶\ìÁ_È°@
J•‹¬@ H›eyOKÇ°@
W~¡°ä›½JQ®°@
‹¬O^ΰ•#°KÍ~¡°ó@
䛽keOKǰ@
`Œ~¡°=¶~¡°K͆Çò@
‹¬°ëuOKÇ°@
LuH÷ KÇ•°=K͆Çò@
Ì„áH÷Zyi Qêe…Õ u~¡°Q®°@
q_•„²OKÇ°@
䛽O@°KÇ° #_È°KÇ°@
#OyQê =¶\ìÁ_È°@
ªé=°iQê u~¡°Q®°@
ã"Í…ì_È°@
‹¬_ÈeOKÇ°@
^ËKÇ°H›ù#°@
Hù=°à•#° #~¡ä›½@
*Õ•‡•@‡•_È°@
#H÷ø†ÇòO_È°@
qKŒ~¡}K͆ǰH› KÇO„¬ô@

D ~ËA Spoken English lesson …Õx Positive Form, Question Form, ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡°
H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 2 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß
"ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•.

Z
380

A winner never quits and a quitter never wins.

Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› Q®`OÇ …Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^³á##° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° XH› „¬xx KÍ‹² †ÇòO_È=KÇ°ó #x T‚²ìOz K³„¬C@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Might have+ III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°.T. |‚¬ • ‰§ D time H÷ "³o¤‡é~ò LO_È=KÇ°ó. You might have already seen this film. 5. Express The G. bank test H÷ apply My cousin might have applied for the bank test. "Œ~¡° x#ß JH›ø_È work finish KÍ‹² LO_È=KÇ°ó. Q®`"Ç Œ~¡O. =¶ brother D ~ËA L^Î † Ç ° O K³ < ³ á ß KÍ~¡°Hùx LO_È=KÇ°ó. 10. film already 2. =¶ cousin |‚¬•‰§ KÍ‹² LO_È=KÇ°ó. 381 7. They might have started there yesterday.ó It might have rained in Nellore yesterday.. 8. Plural U^³á##¶ Might have L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ x#ß. You might have forgotten this matter. EXAMPLES 1. My brother might have reached Chennai this morning. Our cousin might have booked the tickets for us there yesterday. =¶ cousin x#ß =°#䛽 JH›ø_È tickets book KÍ‹² LO_È=KÇ°ó. 4. "Œ~¡° |‚¬•‰§ x#ß JH›ø_È |†Ç°•°^Íi =ôO_È=KÇ°ó. : 94406 16425 MIGHT HAVE XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~¡° XH› „¬xx KÍ‹² =ôO_È=KÇ°ó#x T‚²ìOz K³„¬CKÇ°O^ΰ=ò. G. KǶ‹² 6. J J J J h=ô |‚¬•‰§ J`Çxx WO`Ç䛽=òO^Í H›e‹² LO_È=KÇ°ó. . x#ß <³•¶Á~°¡ …Õ =~¡ÂO „¬_•LO_È=KÇ°. „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° =°#=ò Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ XH› „¬xx KÍ‹² =ôO_È=KÇ°ó#x T‚²ìOzK³„¬C@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ° KÇ°#ßq.T. P"³° |‚¬•‰§ `Ç# friends JO^Îih invite KÍ‹² LO_È=KÇ°ó. |‚¬•‰§ h=ô D book KÇk"Í =ôO_È=KÇ°ó. "Œ~¡ ° x#ß JH› ø _È =°# JO^ΰHùx LO_È=KÇ°ó. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. 9. Q®`<Ç •³ . =¶ brother |‚¬•‰§ x#ß K³<³áß KÍ~¡°Hùx LO_È=KÇ°ó. g°~¡° |‚¬•‰§ D LO_È=KÇ°ó. message They might have received our message there yesterday. You might have read this book. h=ô |‚¬•‰§ D q+¬†Ç°O =°iz‡é~ò LO_È=KÇ°ó. Express might have left by now. 3.

1. KÍ‹²=ôO_È=KÇ°ó. My father might have sent me money 5. 13. They might have waited for us 11. KÍ‹²=ôO_È=KÇ°ó. "Œ~¡° last month |‚¬•ˆì P loan clear specialist #° consult J~ò LO_È=KÇ°ó. news `³ e ‹² H ùx They might have known this news. |‚¬•‰§ "Œ~¡° x#ß JH›ø_È work finish KÍ‹² 2. u~¡‹¬øiOz =ôO_È=KÇ°ó. "Œ~¡° |‚¬•‰§ Congress Party H÷ votes there yesterday. KÍ‹²=ôO_È=KÇ°ó. 18. 16. J`Ç _ È ° x#ß `Ç # programme cancel LO_È=KÇ°ó. experience face KÍ‹² =ôO_È=KÇ°ó. x#ß =¶ brother exam ƒìQê ã " Œ‹² 13. "Œ~¡ ° x#ß |‚¬ • ‰§ =°# HË‹¬ O wait You might have heard this news. g°~¡ ° |‚¬ • ‰§ WO`Ç ä › ½ =òO^Î ° D LO_È=KÇ°ó. 7. J`Ç _ È ° |‚¬ • ‰§ `Ç # bag bus …Õ LO_È=KÇ°ó. 14. KÍ‹²=ôO_È=KÇ°ó. My brother might have written the 14. EXERCISE D "ŒH›D ¼=ò•° …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. Farewell Party grand yesterday. =¶ father last week <Œä›½ money „¬O„² 4. D ^Ë„²_™…Õ |‚¬•‰§ P~¡°Q®°~¡° ^ùOQ®•° Qê celebrate KÍ‹¬°Hùx LO_È=KÇ°ó. |‚¬•‰§ g°~¡° D news q<ÍLO_È=KÇ°ó. 11. 17. h=ô |‚¬ • ‰§ D course KÍ ‹ ² You might have seen him. P†Ç ° # x#ß "Œi problem solve exam. involve J~ò=ôO_È=KÇ°ó. "Í‹²=ôO_È=KÇ°ó. "ŒH›English ¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. h=ô |‚¬ • ‰§ D book Chennai …Õ Hùx=ôO_È=KÇ°ó. P"³ ° ~Œã u |‚¬ • ‰§ "Œo¤ O \ÕÁ stay last week. "Œ~¡ ° x#ß =°#HË‹¬ O Z^Î ° ~¡ ° KÇ ¶ ‹² 10. 382 . 19.. KÍ‹²=ôO_È=KÇ°ó. study KÍ‹² =ôO_È=KÇ°ó. They might have finished the work 3. discuss KÍ‹²=ôO_È=KÇ°ó. "Œ~¡° |‚¬•‰§ h Ì„á# police 䛽 complaint by now. =¶ aunt x#ß Hyderabad …Õ heart 6. |‚¬ • ‰§ "Œ~¡ ° D LO_È=KÇ°ó. =ôO_È=KÇ°ó#°. |‚¬•‰§ "Œ~¡° x#ß farewell party grand 15. 20. 15. well yesterday. g°~¡° |‚¬•‰§ x#ß "Œi`Ë D q+¬†Ç°O =zó LO_È=KÇ°ó. P†Ç ° # |‚¬ • ‰§ "Œi proposal LO_È=KÇ°ó. KÍ‹¬°Hùx =ôO_È=KÇ°ó. ‡éQù@°“Hùx=ôO_È=KÇ°ó. P†Ç°# W„¬æ\÷H÷ office #°O_• WO\÷H÷ uiy 8. |‚¬•‰§ g°~¡° J`Çxx KǶÀ‹ LO_È=KÇ°ó. He might have returned from the office 9. Physics yesterday. : 94406 16425 . My aunt might have consulted the heart specialist in Hyderabad yesterday. . P"³° |‚¬•‰§ degree …Õ Maths. Z A word hurts more than a wound. They might have celebrated the 12. 12.

EXAMPLES 1. g°~¡° |‚¬•‰§ W@°=O\÷ experience face =ôO_ÈH› ‡é=KÇ°ó. . J`Ç_È° WOHê office #°O_• =zó =ôO_ÈH› ‡é=KÇ°. party H÷ invite KÍ‹² They might not have invited her to the party yesterday. 4. P"³° WOHê course complete KÍ‹² LO_ÈH› ‡é=KÇ°ó. 10.. You might not have watched such a programme. salary draw KÍ ‹ ² He might not have gone to office yet. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ XH› „¬xx KÍ‹† ² ò Ç O_ÈH› ‡é=KÇ°ó#x ‹¬O^Í‚¬ì=òQê (doubtful) ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. `³ • °‹¬ ° Hùx 7. =¶ father WOHê =ôO_ÈH›‡é=KÇ°ó.ó P"³° |‚¬•‰§ Exam pass J~ò=ôO_ÈH› ‡é=KÇ°ó. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. 8. They might not have paid the bill yet. Plural U^³á##¶ ''Might not have" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. h=ô D news qx †ÇòO_ÈH› ‡é=KÇ°ó. g°~¡° |‚¬•‰§ J`Çxx KǶ‹² =ôO_ÈH› ‡é=KÇ°ó. 9. "Œ~¡° WOHê bill pay KÍ‹² =ôO_ÈH›‡é=KÇ°ó. Q®`"Ç Œ~¡O. Q®`Ç ‹¬O=`Ç•~¡O …èH› Q®`OÇ …Õx =°i†Í° W`Ç~¡ ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^³á##° =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~¡° XH› „¬xx KÍ‹²†ÇòO_ÈH›‡é =KÇ°ó#x K³„¬C@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Might not have + III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. g°~¡° W@°=O\÷ programme WO`Ç =~¡ä›½ KǶ‹² =ôO_ÈH›‡é=KÇ°ó. You might not have known this news. She might not have started there yet. J`Ç_È° WOHê office H÷ "³o¤ =ôO_ÈH›‡é=KÇ°ó. J J J J h=ô |‚¬•‰§ J`Çxx KǶ‹²=ôO_ÈH›‡é=KÇ°ó. My father might not have drawn his salary yet. Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~¡° XH› „¬xx KÍ‹²†ÇòO_ÈH› ‡é=KÇ°ó#x ‹¬O^Í‚¬ì=òQê (doubtful) K³„¬C@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. P"³° WOHê JH›ø_È |†Ç°•° ^Íi=ôO_ÈH› ‡é=KÇ°ó. h=ô |‚¬ • ‰§ D =ôO_ÈH›‡é=KÇ°ó. Q®`<Ç •³ . You might not have seen him. You might not have heard this news. news 2. 5. 3. 6. "Œ~¡° P"³°#° x#ß =ôO_ÈH›‡é=KÇ°ó. 383 She might not have completed the course yet. D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ x#ß.

g°~¡° last month telephone bill pay KÍ‹² =ôO_ÈH›‡é=KÇ°ó. She might not have joined the college last year. 3. =ôO_ÈH› ‡é=KÇ°ó.. 8. 19. He might not have received our message yesterday. 5. 15. =¶ brother WOHê Chennai KÍ~¡°Hùx =ôO_ÈH›‡é=KÇ°ó. story You might not have read such an interesting story sofar. 18. P"³° last year college …Õ join J~ò KÍ‹¬°Hùx =ôO_ÈH›‡é=KÇ°ó. J`Ç _ È ° x#ß JH› ø _È "Œix H› e ‹² =ôO_ÈH›‡é=KÇ°ó. 7. 12. g°~¡ ° x#ß exam ‹¬ i Qê ã"Œ‹²=ôO_ÈH›‡é=KÇ°ó. 13. KÍ‹² LO_ÈH›‡é=KÇ°ó. g°~¡° x#ß D q+¬†°Ç O J`ÇxH÷ K³„æ² =ôO_ÈH› ‡é=KÇ°ó. 1. h=ô WO`Ç=~¡ä›½ W@°=O\÷ problem face KÍ‹² =ôO_ÈH›‡é=KÇ°ó. It might not have rained there yesterday. 6. They might not have discussed this matter in the meeting yesterday. J`Ç _ È ° x#ß "ŒiH÷ help KÍ ‹ ² =ôO_ÈH›‡é=KÇ°ó. 10. Z 384 . "Œ~¡ ° WOHê P loan clear KÍ ‹ ² =ôO_ÈH›‡é=KÇ°ó. : 94406 16425 . 2. 20. . 11. 12. You might not have met such a great man sofar. 13. "ŒH›English ¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. P"³ ° WOHê D test H÷ apply KÍ ‹ ² =ôO_ÈH›‡é=KÇ°ó. 4. h=ô |‚¬•‰§ WO`Ç=~¡ä›½ D item taste KÍ‹² LO_ÈH›‡é=KÇ°ó. "Œ~¡° x#ß JH›ø_È stay KÍ‹² =ôO_ÈH‡› é=KÇ°ó. 17. You might not have told him this news yesterday. P"³° last week cousin marraige H÷ attend J~ò LO_ÈH›‡é=KÇ°ó. "Œ~¡° |‚¬•‰§ exam H÷ ‹¬iQê prepare J~ò =ôO_È=KÇ°ó. 9. 14. He who lives well preaches well. My brother might not have reached Chennai yet. x#ß JH›ø_È =~¡ÂO „¬_•=ôO_ÈH‡› é=KÇ°. 11. Pinakinai Express WOHê =zó =ôO_ÈH›‡é=KÇ°ó. P"³° "Œix invite KÍ‹² LO_ÈH›‡é=KÇ°ó. P"³° WOHê „¬îiëQê HË•°Hùx =ôO_ÈH› ‡é=KÇ°ó. J`Ç _ È ° x#ß =°# massage receive 14. 15. She might not have recovered completely yet. "Œ~¡ ° x#ß x#°ß party …Õ KÇ ¶ ‹² =ôO_ÈH›‡é=KÇ°ó. h=ô W@°=O\÷ interesting WO`Ç=~¡ä›½ KÇkq =ôO_ÈH›‡é=KÇ°ó. h=ô WO`Ç=~¡ä›½ J@°=O\÷ college KǶ‹² LO_ÈH›‡é=KÇ°ó. You might not have faced such a problem sofar.ó 16. "Œ~¡° x#ß meeting …Õ P q+¬†°Ç O discuss EXERCISE D "ŒH›D ¼=ò•° …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. g°~¡° WO`Ç=~¡ä›½ W@°=O\÷ Qù„¬æ =¼H÷ëx H›e‹² =ôO_ÈH›‡é=KÇ°ó. J`Ç_°È Degree pass J~ò =ôO_ÈH‡› é=KÇ°ó.

. P"³ ° „¬ î ië Q ê HË•°Hùx=ôO@°O^¥? Might she have recovered completely? 385 7. P"³° D news `³•°‹¬°Hùx=ôO@°O^¥? Might she have known this news? 11. J J J J J`Ç_È° x#ß bill pay KÍ‹² =ôO\ì_¨? P"³° last week party H÷ attend J~ò=ôO@°O^¥? "Œ~¡° x#ß JH›ø_È =°#HË‹¬O wait KÍ‹² =ôO\ì~Œ? g° father office#°Oz =zó=ôO\ì~Œ? Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~¡° XH› „¬xx KÍ‹² =ôO_È=KÇ°ó#x T‚²ìOzK³„¬C@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ° KÇ°#ßq. EXAMPLES 1. J`Ç_È° x#ß exam ƒìQê ã"Œ‹² =ôO\ì_¨? Might he have written the examination well yesterday? 10. D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ XH› „¬xx KÍ‹=² ôO\ì~Œ J#° J~¡œ=ò`Ë doubtful Qê T‚²ìOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ° @䛽 "Might have + III form of the Verb" L„¬†¶ ³ yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. "Œ~¡° x#ß =ôO\ì~Œ? message =°# JO^ΰHùx Might they have received our message yesterday? . J`Ç_È° W„¬æ\÷öH office H÷ "³o¤=ôO\ì_¨? Might he have gone to office by now ? 2. Pinakini Express "³o¤ ‡é~ò =ôO@°O^¥? Might the Pinakini Express have left? 8. "Œ~¡° last week P =ôO_È=KÇ°ó<Œ? house vacate KÍ‹² Might they have vacated that house last week? 9. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~¡° XH› „¬xx KÍ‹² =ôO_È=KÇ°ó#x T‚²ìOz ㄬtßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. P"³ ° Jxß subjects ƒìQê J~ò=ôO_È=KÇ°ó<Œ? prepare Might she have prepared all the subjects well? 3. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. Plural U^³á##¶ 'Might have' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. "Œ~¡° ~Œãu JH›ø_È |†Ç°•°^Íi=ôO\ì~Œ? Might they have started there last night? 5. ~Œãu JH›ø_È =~¡Â=ò „¬_•=ôO@°O^¥ ? Might it have rained there last night? 4. J`Ç_È° salary draw KÍ‹²=ôO\ì_¨? Might he have drawn his salary? 6.

"Œ~¡° W„¬æ\÷öH programme commence KÍ‹² =ôO\ì~Œ? Might they have commenced the D "ŒH›D ¼=ò•° …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. . 1. J`Ç _ È ° degree =ôO\ì_¨? EXERCISE J~ò exam pass 5. "Œ~¡ ° x#ß JH› ø _È =ôO\ì~Œ? work „¬ î ië KÍ ‹ ² Might they have finished the work there yesterday? 8. J`Ç_È° x#ß Vizag "³o¤=ôO\ì_¨? 14. 386 . J`Ç _ È ° x#ß JH› ø _È J~ò=ôO\ì_¨? …Õ join treat KÍ ‹ ² duty 11. 12. J`Ç_È° x#ß JH›ø_È "Œi`Ë =¶\ìÁ_• =ôO\ì_¨? Might he have talked to them yesteday? 19. J`Ç_È° driving licence ‡ÚOk=ôO\ì_¨? 16. P"³° x#ß Chennai …Õ sult J~ò=ôO@°O^¥? doctor #° con- Might she have consulted the doctor in Chennai yesterday? 20. "Œ~¡ ° x#ß =ôO\ì~Œ? programme cancel KÍ ‹ ² Z The fear of Lord is the beginning of wisdom. P"³ ° x#ß "Œix ƒìQê =ôO@°O^¥? KÍ ‹ ² 12. P"³° "Œix Invite KÍ‹²=ôO@°O^¥? Might he have passed the degree ex- 6. P"³ ° x#ß =ôO@°O^¥? 9. "Œ~¡° x#ß meeting …Õ D q+¬†Ç°O cuss KÍ‹² =ôO\ì~Œ? dis- 13. P"³ ° x#ß competition …Õ ïQ•°KÇ°Hùx =ôO@°O^¥? prize Might she have won the prize in the competition yesterday? 17. "Œ~¡° last =ôO\ì~Œ? KÍ ~ ¡ ° Hùx Hyderabad month house vacate 10. J`Ç_È° x#ß books Hùx =ôO\ì_¨? 2. J`Ç_È° x#ß interview ƒìQê KÍ‹²=ôO\ì_¨? programme by now? 15. : 94406 16425 . "Œ~¡ ° P loan clear KÍ ‹ ² =ôO\ì~Œ? Might they have cleared that loan? 18.. P"³° P proposal X„¬CHùx=ôO@°O^¥? 15. "Œ~¡° x#ß bank …Õ amount deposit KÍ‹² =ôO\ì~Œ? 4. J`Ç_È° D test H÷ apply KÍ‹²=ôO\ì_¨? Might he have applied for this text? 13. P"³° last month P course …Õ join J~ò =ôO@°O^¥? 3. P"³° W„¬æ\Hö÷ dinner H÷ items `dž¶ Ç ~¡°KÍ‹² =ôO@°O^¥? Might she have prepared the items for dinner by now? 14. "ŒH›English ¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. "Œ~¡° x#ß cards print KÍ‹²=ôO\ì~Œ? aminations? 7.

3. Might she have recovered? 3. 2. Might he have received our message? 2. Positive Form 2. Might the train have left? 4. Question Form J#° 3 parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. She might have passed the test. He might have gone on a camp 3. They might not have paid the bill yesterday. Ex : 1. He might not have yet drawn his salary. NEGATIVE FORM : Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~¡° XH› „¬xx KÍ‹²†ÇòO_ÈH›‡é=KÇ°ó#x T‚²ìOz (doubtful) K³„¬C@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Might not have + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. nx…Õ =°#=ò 1. : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D ~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ 'Might have + III form of the Verb' J#° structure Q®°iOz <Í~°¡ óä½› <Œß=ò. 2. 1. D 3 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò. QUESTION FORM : Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ XH› „¬xx KÍ‹† ² ò Ç O_È=KÇ°ó#x T‚²ìOz (doubtful) ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Might have + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Ex : 1. POSITIVE FORM : Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ XH› „¬xx KÍ‹† ² ò Ç O_È=KÇ°ó#x T‚²ìOz (doubtful) K³„¬C@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Might have + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 3. 4. You might not have read such a book sofar. 4. Ex : 1.. You might have heard this news. Might they have known this news? 387 . They might have vacated the house. Negative Form 3. 2. She might not have invited them to party.

Report reported reported 785. Z 388 An oak is not felled at one chop. =ò_È°`Ç•°„¬_È°@ LeH÷ø„¬_È°@ z•°ä›½@ „¬i‚¬ð‹¬=òK͆Çò@ #•°Q®Qù@°“@ LeH÷ø„¬_È°@ D ~ËA Spoken English lesson …Õx Positive Form. : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs. .. Reward rewarded rewarded 791. ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 3 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O. Rinse rinsed rinsed 793. Skim skimmed skimmed 798. Remand remanded remanded 784. Restrict restricted restricted 788. Question Form. Retain retained retained 789. Negative Form. Redicule rediculed rediculed 792. Squash sqashed sqashed 800. Startle startled startled III Form Meaning „¬ô#~¡û#àxKÇ°ó@ †Ç°=Þ#=ò H›eyOKÇ° K³~¡†Ç°O^ΰ =ôOKÇ°@ „¦²~Œ¼^ΰK͆Çò@ ‡éeH› H›ey†ÇòO_È°@ ‹¬æOkOKÇ°@ H›@°“ƒì@°K͆Çò@ xe„²=ôOKÇ°@ Q®°Oã_È=òQê u~¡°Q®°@ |‚¬•=¶#q°KÇ°ó@ ZQ®`ŒoK͆Çò@ Q®°OA@ „¬O_•OKÇ°@ <³=°~¡°"͆Çò@ "Œ_•‡é=ô@. Ripen ripened ripened 794. Shrivel shrivelled shrivelled 796. Respond responded responded 787. Resemble resembled resembled 786. Ruminate ruminated ruminated 795. Rejuvinate rejuvinated rejuvinated 783. I Form II Form 781. Revolve revolved revolved 790. Reincarnate reincarnated reincarnated 782. Sneer sneered sneered 799. Shudder shuddered shuddered 797.

x#ß match ïQez =ôO_Í"Œ~¡=ò. W„¬æ\÷H÷ HË•°Hùx=ôO_Ík. If you had started little earlier. EXAMPLES 1. g°~¡° HùOK³O early Qê |†Ç°•°^Íi =ô#ß>ÿÁå`Í. "Í°=ò x#ß function H÷ attend J~ò=ôO_Í "Œˆ×¤O. J`Ç_È° P job ‡ÚOk=ôO_Í"Œ_È°. 389 5. If he had worked hard last year. she would have recovered by now. ï~O_È= „¬x䛕_¨ [iy †ÇòO_Ík Ð J#° J~¡Ö=ò =KÇ°ó#@°ÁQê K³„¬CKÇ°O^ΰ=ò. Dq^•ÎOQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ =°#=ò K͆°Ç x ~ï O_È° „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz K³„C¬ KǶ Ð "³ò^Î\÷ „¬x KÍ‹²†Çò#ß>ÿÁå`Í ï~O_È= „¬x [iy†ÇòO_Ík J#° J~¡œ=ò ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Would have+ III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. <Í#° h䛽 help KÍ‹² =ôO_Í"Œ_•x. . J`Ç_È° last year hard work KÍ‹² L#ß>ÿÁå`Í. 3. 6. we would have discussed that matter. exam pass J~òLO_Í"Œ_•q. „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ K͆°Ç x ~ï O_È° „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz q+¬†°Ç =ò q=iOKÇ°KǶ Ð "³ò^Î\÷ „¬x KÍ‹²†Çò#ß>ÿØÁ`Í. =¶ brother last time P job H÷ try KÍ‹² =ô#ß>ÿÁå`Í. If she had taken medicines regularly.. : 94406 16425 WOULD HAVE XHùøH›øª•i Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ K͆°Ç x ~ï O_È° „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz q+¬†°Ç =ò q=iOKÇ°KǶ Ð "³ò^Î\÷ „¬x KÍ‹²†Çò#ß>ÿØÁ`Í. 4. h=ô x#ß ##°ß J_•y#@Á~ò`Í. he would have passed in first class. =°#=ò P q+¬ † Ç ° =ò discuss KÍ‹²=ôO_Í"Œ~¡=ò. P"³° =°=òà•#° invite KÍ‹²†Çò#ß>ÿÁå`Í. =°#=ò D work x#ß < Í start KÍ ‹ ² †Çò#ß>ÿÁå`Í. you would have caught the train. Plural U^³á##¶ 'Would have' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. g°~¡ ° x#ß WH› ø _È ä › ½ =zó † Ç ò #ß > ÿ Á å ` Í . * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. P"³° regular Qê medicines f‹¬°Hùx =ô#ß>ÿÁå`Í. "Í°=ò ƒìQê practice KÍ‹²†Çò#ß>ÿÁå`Í. 2. D time H÷ finish KÍ‹²†ÇòO_Í "Œ~¡=ò. P"³° invite KÍ‹²†Çò#ß>ÿÁå`Í. If she had invited us. first class …Õ pass J~ò=ôO_Í " Œ_È ° . we would have finished it by this time. 7. "Œ~¡° x#ß P function H÷ attend J~ò=ôO_Í"Œ~¡°. train JO^ΰHùx =ôO_Í"Œ~¡°. J J J J h=ô ƒìQ®°Qê KÇkq =ô#ß>ÿÁå`Í. If you had asked me yesterday. I would have helped you. If we had started this work yesterday. If you had come here yesterday. we would have attended the function yesterday. ï~O_È= „¬x䛕_¨ [iy †ÇòO_Ík Ð J#° J~¡Ö=ò =KÇ°ó#@°ÁQê K³„¬C@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ° KÇ°#ßq.

"Í°=ò money pay KÍ‹²=ôO_Í "Œ~¡=ò. last week leave If I had found leave last week. "Œ~¡° work finish would have paid them money. She would have recovered completely. P.Í festival ä› ½ =¶ native place H÷ "³ o ¤ =ôO_Í"Œ_•x. =°#=ò x#ß party …Õ ƒìQê enjoy KÍ‹²=ôO_Í "Œ~¡=ò. Z A warrior without courage blames his weapons. 12. medicine If she had continued that medicine one more month. If he had tried for the job seriously last time. <Í#° x#ß J`Çxx H›e‹² †Çò#ß>ÿåÁ`Í. P"³° exam. <Œä›½ •a•Oz =ô#ß>`Øÿ . we 10. I would have gone to my native place for the festival. P"³° P WOHùH› <³• ~ËA•° continue KÍ‹² =ô#ß>ÿØ`Í. If they had finished the work. : 94406 16425 . 5. H÷ appear J~ò=ô#ß@Á~ò`Í. EXERCISE <Í#° last week salary draw KÍ‹²=ô#ß>ÿÁå`Í. =¶ brother H÷ money „¬O„² LO_Í"Œ_•x. P†Ç°# h䛽 leave grant KÍ‹²=ôO_Í"Œ_È°. ~Œãu WH›ø_È =~¡Oâ „¬_•=ô#ß@~Á ò`Í. we would have also come on picnic with you. g°~¡° 䛕_¨ =zó=ô#ß@~Á ò`Í. college …Õ If I had drawn salary last week. 14. 8. 1. 2. If you had informed us. "Œ~¡ ° hä› ½ `Ç „ ¬ æ H› ‹¬‚¬ìH›iOz=ôO_Í"Œ~¡°. If you had paid the bill. D "ŒH›D ¼=ò•° …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 11. "ŒH›English ¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. g°~¡° early morning |†Ç°•°^Íi=ô#ß>ÿÁå`Í. they would have delivered the goods by now.G. join J~ò=ôO_Í "Œ_È°. 13. 9. h=ô HËi#>ÿ Á å ` Í . "Œ~¡° g°ä›½ W„¬æ\÷H÷ goods deliver KÍ‹² †ÇòO_Í"Œ~¡°. 10. 4. D time H÷ Hyderabad KÍ ~ ¡ ° Hùx =ôO_Í"Œ~¡°. `Ç„¬æH› pass J~ò=ôO_Ík. I would have sent money to my brother. he would have got it. g°~¡° bill pay KÍ‹²†Çò#ß>ÿÁå`Í. 3. J`Ç_È° last time serious Qê try KÍ‹² †Çò#ß>ÿÁå`Í. h=ô x#ß manager #° request KÍ‹²=ô#ß>ÿÁå`Í.. . "Í°=ò 䛕_¨ g°`Ë picnic H÷ =zó=ôO_Í "Œ~¡=ò. 6. D q+¬†°Ç O J_•y =ôO_Í"Œ_•x. g°~¡° x#ß =¶ä›½ inform KÍ‹²†Çò#ß>ÿÁå`Í. 9. 390 . =°#=ò KŒ…ì trouble face KÍ‹² =ôO_Í"Œ~¡=ò. J`Ç _ È ° last year Degree pass J~ò=ô#ß@Á~ò`Í. 8. „¬îiëQê HË•°Hùx =ôO_Ík. 7. P seat ‡ÚOk=ôO_Í"Œ_È°. KÍ‹²=ô#ß>ÿØ`Í. J`Ç_È° try KÍ‹²=ô#ß>ÿÁå`Í. P job ‡ÚOk†ÇòO_Í"Œ_È°. g°~¡° P†Ç°##° J_•y#>ÿ`Áå Í g°ä›½ =°Oz advice Wzó =ôO_Í"Œ_È°.

391 If my brother had not tried seriously. you would not have caught the train. If it had rained yesterday. P"³° invite K͆ǰH›‡é`Í "Í°=ò x#ß function H÷ attend J~ò=ôO_Í"Œ~¡=ò Hê^ΰ. h=ô =òO^ΰQê =¶ä›½ inform KÍ‹² L#ß@Á~ò`Í. P"³° request K͆°Ç H›‡é~ò#@Á~ò`Í "Œ~¡° J`ÇxH÷ help KÍ‹² LO_Í"Œ~¡° Hê^ΰ. D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õ KÍ‹#² ~ï O_È° „¬#°•…Õ "³ò^Î\„÷ x¬ [iy†ÇòO_ÈH‡› é~ò#>ÿ`åÁ . EXAMPLES 1. ï~O_È= „¬x 䛕_¨ [iy =ôO_Ík Hê^ΰ Ð J#° J~¡Ö=ò#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. 6. x#ß =~¡Â=ò „¬_• †Çò#ß>`ÁØÿ Í "Í°=ò journey continue KÍÀ‹"Œ~¡=ò Hê^ΰ. If they had not given us advice. 3. P ~ï O_È° „¬#°•…Õ Ð "³ò^Î\÷ „¬x [iy†ÇòO_ÈH› ‡é~ò#>ÿØÁ`Í. „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° =°#=ò Q®`OÇ …Õ ~ï O_È° „¬#°•° KÍ‹† ² ò Ç O^ΰ=ò. P ~ï O_È° „¬#°•…Õ Ð "³ò^Î\÷ „¬x [iy†ÇòO_ÈH› ‡é~ò#>ÿØÁ`Í. =°#=ò J_È ° Q® H › ‡ é~ò#>ÿ Ø Á ` Í . Plural U^³á##¶ ''Would not have'' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. If we had not asked him. he would not have got the job. fail J~ò=ôO_Í"Œ_È° Hê^ΰ. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò Q®`OÇ …Õ ~ï O_È° „¬#°•° KÍ‹† ² ò Ç O^ΰ=ò. ï~O_È= „¬x 䛕_¨ [iy =ôO_Ík Hê^ΰ Ð J#° J~¡Ö=ò`Ë "ŒH›¼=ò•° K³„¬CKÇ°O^ΰ=ò. they would not have helped him.Í ~ï O_È= „¬x 䛕_¨ [iy =ôO_Ík Hê^ΰ J#° J~¡Ö=ò#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Would not have + III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. . =¶ brother serious Qê try K͆ǰH›‡é~ò#>ÿØÁ`Í D job ‡ÚOk=ôO_Í "Œ_È° Hê^ΰ. 4. he would not have told us this news yesterday. "Œ~¡° =¶ä›½ ‹¬•‚¬ð W=ÞH›‡é~ò#@Á~ò`Í "Í°=ò D problem solve KÍÀ‹"Œ~¡=ò Hê^ΰ. Doctor #° consult J=H›‡é~ò#@Á~ò`Í P"³° HË•°Hùx =ôO_Ík Hê^ΰ.. J J J J g°~¡° help K͆ǰH›‡é~ò#@Á~ò`Í. J`Ç_È° last year hard work KÍ‹²†Çò#ß>ÿØÁ`Í. J`Ç _ È ° =°#䛽 x#ß D news K³„²æ =ôO_Í"Œ_È° Hê^ΰ. we would not have continued our journey. "Í°=ò WH›ø_È䛽 =zóLO_Í"Œ~¡=ò Hê=ò.Í exam pass J~ò=ôO_Í"Œ_•q Hê^ΰ. If you had neglected your studies last year. you would not have passed the exam. h=ô last year studies neglect KÍ‹L ² #ß>`ÁØÿ . "Í°=ò D work finish KÍÀ‹"Œ~¡=ò Hê^ΰ. we would not have solved the problem. 2. 5. She would not have recovered. 8. If she had not requested. g°~¡° HùOK³O late Qê |†Ç°•°^Íi=ô#ß>ÿØÁ`Í train JO^ΰ䛽<Í"Œ~¡° Hê^ΰ. If she had not consulted the doctor. If you had started little late. 7.

<Í # ° J`Ç x Q® ° iOz =òO^Î ° Qê qxL#ß @ Á ~ ò`Í J`Ç x `Ë friends KÍ ‹ ² =ôO_Í"Œ_•x Hê^ΰ. If we had not told them. g°~¡° <Œä›½ =òO^ΰQê KÍ‹²=ô#ß@Á~ò`Í. 10. we would not have come here. 1. <Í#° D news K³„¬æH› ‡é~ò>ÿØÁ`Í. 13. <Í#° D q+¬†Ç°O =òO^ΰQê `³e‹²Hùx =ô#ß@~Á ò`Í. =°#=ò J`Ç x H÷ =òO^Î ° Qê inform KÍ ‹ ² = ô#ß>ÿ Ø Á ` Í . "Œ~¡° q=~Œ•° K³„²æ=ôO_Í"Œ~¡° Hê^ΰ. "Œ~¡° D q+¬†Ç°=ò `³•°‹¬°Hùx =ôO_Í"Œ~¡° Hê^ΰ. 11. 15. 6. 14. "ŒiH÷ KÍ‹= ² ôO_Í "Œ_•xHê#°. "ŒH›English ¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. I would not have made friends with him. 12.Í "Í°=ò lesson follow J†Í°¼"Œ~¡=ò Hê^ΰ. the accident would not have happened. last year tuition If you had taken tuition last year. 4. f‹¬°ä›½#ß@Á~ò`Í [iy =ôO_ÍkHê^ΰ. P rank ‡ÚOk=ôO_ÍkHê^ΰ.. "Œ~¡° =¶ä›½ support K͆ǰH›‡é~ò#>ÿØÁ`Í. g°~¡° `³e‹¬°Hùx =ôO_Í"Œ~¡° Hê^ΰ. 3. If they had taken care earlier. If we had known this news earlier. J`Ç _ È ° |†Ç ° @ä› ½ "³o¤LO_Í"Œ_È° Hê^ΰ. =°#=ò K³„²æ=ôO_È#@Á~ò`Í. would not have failed in the exam. 8. "Í ° =ò D q+¬ † Ç ° O…Õ succeed J†Í°¼"Œ~¡=ò Hê^ΰ.Í "Œi q+¬†°Ç O…Õ *ÕH›¼O KÍ‹°¬ Hùx LO_Í"Œ_•x Hê^ΰ. "Í°=ò D news =òO^ΰQê `³•‹¬°Hùx †Çò#ß>ÿØÁ`Í "Í°=ò WH›ø_È time waste KÍ‹²Hùx LO_Í"Œ~¡=ò Hê^ΰ. <Í#° WH›ø_Èä½› =zó=ôO_Í"Œ_•x Hê#°. Z Take care of coins. they would not have faced this problem. P"³° coaching f‹¬°Hùx LO_ÈH›‡é`Í . the rupees will take care of themselves. "Œ~¡° =òO^ΰQê *ìãQ®`Çë f‹¬°Hùx =ô#ß>ÿØÁ`Í D problem face KÍ‹² LO_Í"Œ~¡° Hê^ΰ. 7. they would not have known this matter. 2. D accident [iy=ôO_Ík Hê^ΰ. If I had heard about him earlier. 10. Driver care f‹¬°ä›½#ß@~Á ò`Í. "Í°=ò x#ß class H÷ attend J~ò=ôO_È #>ÿ`ÁØ . : 94406 16425 . 9. Driver care accident If the driver had taken care. J`Ç_°È =¶ä›½ =òO^ΰQê inform KÍ‹= ² ô#ß@Á ~ò`Í "Í°=ò WH›ø_È䛽 =zó =ôO_Í"Œ~¡=ò Hê^ΰ. we would not have wasted our time here. If he had informed us earlier. 9. . 5. J`Ç_È° J_ÈQ®ä›½O_¨ L#ß@Á~ò`Í. h=ô f‹¬°ä›½#ß@Á~ò`Í exam fail J~ò=ôO_Í"Œ_È=ô Hê^ΰ. <Í#° =òO^ΰQê D q+¬†Ç°=ò `³e‹²Hùx =ô#ß>`ÁØÿ . you EXERCISE D "ŒH›D ¼=ò•° …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 392 .

Degree …Õ KÍi=ôO_Í"Œ_•"Œ? Would you have joined degree if you had passed intermediate? 2. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò Q®`ÇO…Õ XH›~¡° KÍ‹² †ÇòO_Èx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz Hê~¡}=ò#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KǶ ㄬtßOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò.. EXAMPLES 1. ZH›ø_È settle J~ò=ôO_Í"Œ_•q ? Dq^•ÎOQê Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ K͆ǰx ï~O_È° „¬#°•#° K³„¬CKǶ "³ò^Î\÷ „¬x [iy†Çò#ß>ÿØÁ`Í. J J J J <Í#° x#ß J_•y†Çò#ß>ÿ`ÁØ Í h=ô <Œä›½ ‹¬‚𬠆ǰO KÍ‹=² ôO_Í"Œ_•"Œ? Last time ceaching f‹¬°ä›½#ß@Á~ò`Í h=ô Rank ‡ÚOk=ôO_Í"Œ_•"Œ? x#ß J`Çxx request KÍ‹²=ô#ß>ÿØÁ`Í J`Ç_È° =°# problem solve KÍ‹²=ôO_Í"Œ_¨? h=ô D job ‡ÚO^Î䛽#ß>ÿØÁ`Í. x#ß =~¡ÂO „¬_• =ô#ß >ÿ`ÁØ Í g°~¡° programme cancel KÍ‹²=ôO_Í"Œ~Œ? Would you have cancelled the programme if it had rained yesterday? invite KÍ‹² †Çò#ß>ÿØÁ`Í. ï~O_È= Clause …Õ 'had + III form of the verb' =KÇ°ó#°. P"³° x#ß Functions H÷ attend J~ò=ôO_Í^¥? Would she have attended the function yesterday if you had invited her? 6. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. <Í#° x#ß x#°ß J_•y=ô#ß>`ÁØÿ Í h=ô <Œä›½ help KÍ‹² =ôO_Í"Œ_•"Œ? Would you have helped me if i had asked you yesterday? 393 Would the Manager have granted you leave if you had requested him? Where would you have organised the programme. g°~¡° Uq° KÍ‹²=ôO_Í"Œ~¡°? What would you have done. if it had rained last night? 8. if he had rejected this proposal? . g°~¡° 5. h=ô try KÍ‹²#>ÿØÁ`Í last time P job ‡ÚOk =ôO_Í"Œ_•"Œ? 7. g°~¡° programmeZH›ø_È x~¡Þ‚²ìOz=ôO_Í"Œ~¡°? Would you have got that job if you had tried last time? 4. h=ô x#ß request KÍ‹²=ô#ß>ÿØÁ`Í Manager leave grant KÍ‹²=ôO_Í"Œ~Œ? 3. ~Œãu =~¡ÂO „¬_•†Çò#ß@Á~ò`Í. Plural U^³á##° 'Would have' =KÇ°ó#°. J`Ç_È° D proposal u~¡‹¬øiOz#@Á~ò`Í. h=ô Inter pass J~ò=ô#ß>ÿØÁ`Í. ï~O_È=„¬x KÍ‹²†ÇòO_Í"Œ~Œ J#° J~¡œ=ò`Ë ã„¬tßOKÇ°@䛽 " Would have + III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°.

1. "Œ~¡° x#ß Ì‹•=ô ㄬH›\÷Oz=ô#ß>ÿØÁ`Í g°~¡° ZH›ø_•H÷ "³o= ¤ ôO_Í"Œ~¡°? 10. J~ò=ô#ß>ÿØÁ`Í. J`Ç_È° D news qx =ô#ß>ÿØÁ`Í x#ß WH›ø_È䛽 =zó=ôO_Í"Œ_¨? 7. P"³° medicines f‹¬°ä›½#ß>ÿØÁ`Í. h=ô Uq° KÍ‹= ² ôO_Í"Œ_•q? 9. g° father x#°ß result Q®°iOz J_•y#>ÿ`ÁØ . "Œ~¡° „²ez=ô#ß>`ÁØÿ Í h=ô 䛕_¨ "Œi`Ë tour 䛽 "³o= ¤ ôO_Í"Œ_•"Œ? 5. h=ô last time test …Õ 90% marks score KÍ‹²=ô#ß>ÿØÁ`Í. Z 394 . <Í#° K³„¬æH› ‡é~ò#>ÿØÁ`Í g°~¡° D Z…ì `³•°‹¬°Hùx=ôO_Í"Œ~¡°? : 94406 16425 news How would you have known this news if i had not told you? 15. P†Ç°# last time elections …Õ ‡é\© KÍ‹² =ô#ß>ÿØÁ`Í ïQez =ôO_Í"Œ_¨? 2. EXERCISE 'Wh' QUESTIONS 9. HË•°Hùx =ôO_Í^¥? 3. ZO`Ç salary draw KÍ‹= ² ôO_Í"Œ_•q? 8. "Œ~¡° last time x#°ß "³¶‹¬yOz=ô#ß>ÿØÁ`Í. h=ô Uq° KÍ‹=² ôO_Í"Œ_•q? Last year exam fail What would you have done if you had failed in the exam last year? 10. Coaching f‹¬°Hùx†Çò#ß>ÿØÁ`Í h=ô last time exam …Õ Zxß marks score KÍ‹=² ôO_Í"Œ_•q? Howmany marks would you have scored in the exam if you had taken coaching last time? 12. h=ô U course …Õ join J~ò =ôO_Í"Œ_•q? East or west. home is the best. g°~¡° x#ß train miss J~ò#>ÿØÁ`Í Chennai H÷ Z…ì KÍ~¡°ä›½<Í "Œ~¡°? How would you have reached Chennai if you had missed the train yesterday? 11.Í h䛽 Z=~¡° help KÍ‹²=ôO_Í"Œ~¡°? 12. P amount Z…ì Y~¡°ó KÍ‹² =ôO_Í"Œ_•q? How would you have spent the amount if you had won i lakh prize in the lottery last time? D "ŒH›¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. h=ô last time lottery …Õ I lakh prize ïQez=ô#ß>ÿØÁ`Í. h=ô promotion ‡ÚOk=ô#ß>ÿØÁ`Í..Í h=ô Uq° K³„æ²=ôO_Í"Œ_•q? 11. <Í#° x#ß g°ä›½ help K͆ǰH›‡é~ò#>ÿØÁ`Í g°~¡° D problem Z…ì solve KÍ‹²=ôO_Í "Œ~¡°? How would you have solved this problem if i had not helped you yesterday? 14. Principal h䛽 college …Õ seat reject KÍ‹² =ô#ß>ÿØÁ`Í h=ô ZH›ø_È join J~ò=ôO_Í "Œ_•q? Where would you have joined if the Principal had rejected you the seat in the college? 13. <Í#° time H÷ WH›ø_Èä½› ~Œä›½O_•#>ÿ`ÁØ . "Œ~¡° =°#䛽 =‹¬uH›eæOz =ôO_Í"Œ~Œ? 4. h=ô J_•y#>ÿØÁ`Í J`Ç_È° h䛽 help KÍ‹² =ôO_Í"Œ_¨? 6. h=ô "ŒiH÷ =òO^ΰQê inform KÍ‹² =ô#ß>ÿØÁ`Í.

3. Positive Form 2. I would not have sent him there. 2.. If you had taken medicines. 4. 3. 3. Would you have helped hi m if he had asked you? 2. Would she have known this news if I had not told her? 4. she would not have passed. QUESTION FORM : Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~¡° K͆ǰx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz H›ê~¡}=ò#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KǶ 'KÍ‹² =ôO_Í"Œ~ŒÑ J#° J~¡Ö=ò`Ë ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Would have + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. they would not have heard his speech. NEGATIVE FORM : Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ KÍ‹# ² XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz H›ê~¡}=ò#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KǶ 'KÍ‹² =ôO_Í"Œ~¡=ò Hê^롄 J#° negative sense …Õ ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Would not + have + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Ex : 1. If they had arrived late. D 3 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò. Negative Form 3. you would have recovered soon. Would he have got the post if he had not paid money? 3. : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D ~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ 'Would have + III form of the Verb' J#° structure Q®°iOz <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. POSITIVE FORM : Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~¡° K͆ǰx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz H›ê~¡}=ò#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KǶ 'KÍ‹² =ôO_Í "Œ~¡=òÑ J#ß@°ÁQê K³„¬C@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Would have + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 4. I would have informed them. If we had gone late. If I had known it earlier. 1. Ex : 1. Question Form J#° 3 parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. 2. If she had told me. he would not have given us the tickets. nx…Õ =°#=ò 1. Ex : 1. If they had come here. If she had neglected. If he had started earlier. 2. he would have reached the house in time. they would have met him. Would they have completed the work if we had not helped them? 395 .

Mutter muttered muttered Meaning <Œ#"Í‹² "³°`Çë|~¡°KÇ°@ 䛽ã@„¬#°ß@ "³ãi ZuëOKÇ°@ J~¡z J•ÁiK͆Çò@ J<Œ~ËQ®¼=òQê #\÷OKÇ°@ <Í~¡°æ`Ë „¬xK͆Çò@ #q°e#q°e u#°@ =òH›ø•°Qê #~¡ä›½@ `Çy#KË@ =ôOKÇ°@ ^ΰiÞx†³¶Q®„¬~¡°KÇ°@ `Ç䛽ø=K͆Çò@ =¶~¡°ó@. Madden maddened maddened 804. Mould moulded moulded 816. "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O. I Form II Form III Form 801. Magpie magpied magpied 805. Question Form.. Malinger malingered malingered 806. Z 396 A virtuous woman is a crown to her husband. ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 3 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. Molest molested molested 815. Macerate macerated macerated 802. Mumble mumbled mumbled 818. Manipulate manipulated manipulated 807. Machinate machinated machinated 803. Masticate masticated masticated 808. Moffle moffled moffled 817. Modify modified modified 813. Moister moistered moistered 814. Misplace misplaced misplaced 810. Mitigate mitigated mitigated 812. : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs. `Çy¾OKÇ°@ `Ç_È°„¬ô@ ƒì^•Î„Ì @°“@ ~¡¶„¬=òxKÇ°ó@ KÇeH÷ H›„¬CH›ù#°@ Qù}°Q®°@ ƒç䛽ø@ "³òO_•K͆òÇ @ Qù}°Q®°@ D ~ËA Spoken English lesson …Õx Positive Form. Misuse misused misused 811. Munch munched munched 819. Mince minced minced 809. Mutilate mutilated mutilated 820. . Negative Form.

2. Plural U^³á##¶ 'could have + III form' =KÇ°ó#°. 6. H÷ ƒìQê prepare J~ò=ô#ß>ÿÁå`Í. you could have answered all the questions in the exam yesterday.Í "Í°=ò succeed J~ò=ôO_Í"Œ~¡=ò. x#ß\÷H÷ finish K͆ǰQ®ey †ÇòO_Í "Œ~¡=ò. he could have passed in first class. 4. 397 If my brother had taken coaching last time. first class …Õ pass J=Q®ey †ÇòO_Í"Œ_È°. ï~O_È= „¬x䛕_¨ K͆ǰQ®ey=ôO_Í "Œ~¡=ò Ð J#° J~¡= Ö ò =KÇ°ó#@°ÁQê ª•=°~¡¼Ö =ò Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ° KÇ°#ßq. : 94406 16425 COULD HAVE XHùøH›øª•i Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ =°#=ò K͆°Ç x ~ï O_È° „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz q+¬†Ç°=ò q=iOKÇ°KǶ Ð "³ò^Î\÷ „¬x KÍ‹²†Çò#ß>ÿØÁ`Í. x#ß exam …Õ Jxß questions answer K͆°Ç Q®ey=ôO_Í"Œ_•q. x#ß match …Õ Sachin ƒìQê P_•†Çò#ß>`å Á ÿ . Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ =°#=ò K͆ǰx ï~O_È° „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz q+¬†Ç°=ò q=iOKÇ°KǶ Ð "³ò^Î\÷ „¬x KÍ‹²†Çò#ß>ÿØÁ`Í. J "Í°=ò D work last week start KÍ‹² †Çò#ß>ÿÁå`Í. If we had known about their arrival earlier. WH›ø_È䛽 time H÷ KÍ~¡°HËQ®ey †ÇòO_Í"Œ~¡=ò.. If we had caught the Express train. . If you had prepared all the lessons thoroughly. h=ô Jxß lessons thorough Qê prepare J~ò=ô#ß > ÿ Á å ` Í . =°#=ò express train JO^Î ° Hùx †Ç ò #ß>ÿ Á å ` Í . we could have provided accommodation for them. =¶ä›½ "Œi ~ŒH› Q®°iOz =òO^ΰQê<Í `³e‹²†Çò#ß>ÿÁå`Í. If Sachin had played well. 3. we could have reached there in time.Í <Í#° h䛽 help K͆°Ç Q®ey LO_Í"Œ_•x. EXAMPLES 1. If you had taken her to hospital immediately. the doctors could have saved her. India could have won the match yesterday.Í India match ïQ•°=Q®ey†ÇòO_Ík. 5. "ŒiH÷ accommodation H›eæOKÇQ®ey =ôO_Í"Œ~¡=ò. ï~O_È= „¬x䛕_¨ K͆ǰQ®ey=ôO_Í "Œ~¡=ò Ð J#° J~¡= Ö ò =KÇ°ó#@°ÁQê ª•=°~¡¼Ö =ò (ability) Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. J =°#=ò train …Õ =zó†Çò#ß>ÿÁå`Í. D time H÷ JH›ø_•H÷ KÍ~¡°HËQ®ey†ÇòO_Í"Œ~¡=ò. h=ô =°Oz marks score K͆°Ç Q®ey†ÇòO_Í "Œ_•q. doctors P"³°#° save K͆°Ç Q®ey =ôO_Í"Œ~¡°. 7. g°~¡° P"³°#° "³O@<Í hospital 䛽 f‹¬°ïHo¤ L#ß>ÿÁå`Í. g°~¡° =¶ä›½ last time help KÍ‹† ² ò Ç #ß>`åÁÿ . J Exam. J h=ô x#ß ##°ß J_•y†Çò#ß>ÿ` åÁ . Dq^•ÎOQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ =°#=ò …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ K͆°Ç …èH‡› é~ò# ~ï O_È° „¬#°•#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KǶ Ð "³ò^Î\÷ „¬x KÍ‹² L#ß>ÿÁå`Í. =¶ brother last time coaching f‹¬°Hùx †Çò#ß>ÿÁå`Í. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. we could have succeeded. ï~O_È= „¬xx K͆ǰQ®ey =ôO_Í"Œ~¡=ò J#° J~¡Ö=ò`Ë ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Could have+ III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. If you had helped us last time.

. 10. If you had concentrated in your school days. but its fruit is sweet. If he had tried for that job seriously last time. J`Ç_È° last time P job HË‹¬O serious Qê try KÍ ‹ ² = ô#ß > ÿ Ø ` Í . 1. 8. g°~¡° last time P†Ç°# advice J~ò=ô#ß>ÿ Á å ` Í . you could have learned English by now. 8. =°#=ò JH›ø_È䛽 "³o¤=ô#ß>ÿÁå`Í. h=ô text books refer KÍ‹² †Çò#ß>ÿÁå`Í.Í "Í°=ò =°Oz „¬O@ „¬O_•OKÇQe® y†ÇòO_Í"Œ~¡=ò. 4. =°#=ò early Qê |†Ç°•°^Íi †Çò#ß>ÿÁå`Í. D time H÷ sea shore H÷ KÍ~¡°HËQ®ey =ôO_Í"Œ~¡=ò. g°~¡° festival H÷ =¶ =î~¡° =zó =ô#ß>ÿÁå`Í. we could have come on tour with you. 12. =òO^ΰQê batting Z#°ßHùx=ô#ß>ÿÁå`Í. Jxß questions answer KÍ † Ç ° Q® e y =ôO_Í"Œ_•q. 9. Q®`Ç <³• =~¡ÂO „¬_•†Çò#ß>`åÁÿ .Í <Í#° J`Çxx X„²æOKÇQe® y=ôO_Í"Œ_•x. 3. "Í°=ò 䛕_¨ g°`Ë ~ŒQ®ey =ôO_Í"Œ~¡=ò. x#ß time •a•Oz †Çò#ß>`åÁÿ . .Í "Í°=ò g° WO\÷H÷ ~ŒQ®ey=ôO_Í"Œ~¡=ò. 2. inform tour H÷ It you had informed us earlier. If the members of my family had encouraged me. h=ô school days …Õ<Í concentrate KÍ‹²=ô#ß>ÿÁå`Í. If I had drawn my salary yesterday. you could have solved that problem last time. he could have got it. 6. N KÇOã^΃ì|° =°~¡• CM J=Q®ey=ôO_Í "Œ~¡°. follow solve If you had followed his advice. EXERCISE D "ŒH›D ¼=ò•° …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 398 . 5. "ŒH›English ¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. <Í#° x#ß J`Çx`Ë =¶\ìÁ_•†Çò#ß>`åÁÿ . x#ß <Í#° salary draw KÍ‹²=ô#ß>ÿÁå`Í. =¶ family members encourage KÍ‹= ² ô#ß>`åÁÿ .Í <Í#° ‹¬°•ƒ•’OQê <Œ goal KÍ~°¡ HËQ®ey =ôO_Í"Œ_•x. g°~¡ ° =¶ä› ½ =òO^Î ° Qê KÍ‹²=ô#ß>ÿÁå`Í. JO^Î ~ ¡ ¶ H› e ‹² „¬ x KÍ ‹ ² † Ç ò #ß > ÿ Á å ` Í . 13. I could have adjusted him money yesterday. <Í#° J`Ç x H÷ money adjust KÍ † Ç ° Q® e y =ôO_Í"Œ_•x. "Œi`Ë D q+¬†Ç°O discuss K͆ǰQ®ey =ôO_Í "Œ~¡=ò.Í g°~¡° business ƒìQê improve K͆ǰQ®ey†ÇòO_Í"Œ~¡°. g°~¡ ° =°Oz products `Ç † Ç ¶ ~¡ ° KÍ ‹ ² †Çò#ß>`åÁÿ . x#ß match …Õ India ïQ•°=Q®ey=ôO_Ík. h=ô English ƒìQê <Í~¡°óHË Q®ey=ôO_Í"Œ_È=ô. 7. `Ç „ ¬ æ H › ‡ÚO^Î Q ® e y =ôO_Í"Œ_È°. =°#=ò ƒìQê celebrate KÍ‹¬°HËQ®ey =ôO_Í"Œ~¡=ò. 10. : 94406 16425 . Z Patience is a bitter plant. P problem K͆ǰQ®ey =ôO_Í"Œ~¡°. 11. I could have reached my goal easily. 9.

=°#=ò ƒìQê practice K͆ǰH›‡é~ò#>ÿØÁ`Í. g°~¡° J`Çxx hospital 䛽 late Qê f‹¬°ä›½ =zó#>ÿØÁ`Í. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. 4. 8. 399 7. India could not have won the match yesterday. ï~O_È= „¬xx K͆ǰ…èH›‡é†Í°"Œ~¡=ò J#° J~¡œ=ò#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. . h=ô help K͆ǰH›‡é~ò#>ÿØÁ`Í. we could not have faced this problem.P. =¶ parents encourage K͆°Ç H›‡é`Í. <Í#° D `³•°‹¬°HË…èH‡› é†Í°"Œ_•x. x#ß Sehwag century K͆°Ç H›‡é~ò#>ÿ`ÁØ . =°#=ò ~Œã u express train miss J~ò#@Á ~ ò`Í . you could not have got good result. h=ô Q®°~¡°ë K͆ǰH›‡é~ò#@Á~ò`Í.J.J. T. ï~O_È= „¬xx K͆ǰ…èH› ‡é†Í°"Œ~¡=ò J#° J~¡œ=ò`Ë ‹¬¶zOKÇ° KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. I could not have done M. If my parents had not encouraged me.. If you had not worked hard. If we had missed the express train last night. I could not have remembered that matter. <Í#° M.Í India match ïQ•°=…èH›‡é†Í°k. 3. g°~¡° hardwork K͆ǰH› ‡é~ò#>ÿØÁ`Í. ö H Oã ^ Î O …Õ ã „ ¬ ƒ •’ ° `ŒÞxß U~Œæ @ ° K͆ǰQ®eöQkHê^ΰ. EXAMPLES 1.Í <Í#° D ~Œ¼OH± ‡ÚO^ÎQe® Qö "Œ_•x Hê^ΰ. news If you had not told me. x#ß match ïQ•°=Q®eöQ"Œ~¡=ò Hê^ΰ. "Í°=ò D problem face K͆ǰ…èH›‡é†Í°"Œ~¡=ò. If you had not helped us. K͆ǰQ®eöQ"Œ}÷âHê^ΰ. If you had not reminded me. J J J J „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° =°#=ò Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ „¬îië KÍ‹# ² ~ï O_È° „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KǶ. syllabus „¬îiëK͆ǰ Q®eöQ"Œ~¡° Hê^ΰ. I could not have known this news.A. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ „¬îiëK‹ Í # ² ~ï O_È° „¬#°•#° Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KǶ "³ò^Î\÷ „¬x [~¡Q®#>ÿØÁ`Í. 2. had not supported. "Œ~¡° last month special classes f‹¬°Hù#H›‡é~ò#>ÿØÁ`Í.A. we could not have reached here today. 5.P. <Í#° P q+¬†Ç°O Q®°~¡°ë Ì„@°“HË…èH›‡é†Í°"Œ_•x.D.P. support KÍ † Ç ° H› ‡ é~ò#@Á ~ ò`Í B.Í ~ï O_È= „¬x K͆°Ç Q®ey =ôO_Í "Œ~¡=ò Hê^ΰ Ð J#° J~¡=Ö ò`Ë ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Could not have + III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Plural U^³á##¶ 'Could not have' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. h=ô K³„¬æH›‡é~ò#>ÿØÁ`Í. If the T. "³ò^Î\÷ „¬x [~¡Q®#>ÿØÁ`Í. =°Oz result ‡ÚO^ÎQ®eöQ"Œ~¡° Hê^ΰ. D ~ËA WH› ø _È ä › ½ KÍ~¡°HËQ®eöQ"Œ~¡=ò Hê^ΰ. 6. could not have formed the government at centre.P. D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ =°#=ò „¬îië K͆°Ç Q®ey# XH› „¬x†³òH›ø ability ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KǶ Ð "³ò^Î\÷ „¬xx K͆°Ç #>ÿ`ÁØ . the B. doctors J`Çxx save K͆ǰQ®eöQ"Œ~¡° Hê^ΰ. If Sehwag had not made a century.D. h=ô co-operate K͆°Ç H›‡é~ò#>ÿ`ÁØ .

J`Ç_È° P office …Õ sincere Qê work K͆ǰH›‡é~ò#>ÿØÁ`Í. 10. "ŒH›English ¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. <Í # ° =¶ father advice follow J=H›‡é~ò#>ÿØÁ`Í. 3. <Í # ° mistake `³ • °‹¬ ° HËQ® e ö Q "Œ_È # °Hê^Î ° .Í P competition …Õ ‡•…ç¾#…èH‡› é†Í°"Œ_•q. studies …Õ success Hê…èH‡› é†Í°"Œ_•x. "Í°=ò ƒìQê KÇ^Î=䛽O_¨=ô#ß>ÿØÁ`Í. . =¶ lecturers ƒìQê teach K͆ǰH›‡é~ò #@Á~ò`Í. I could not have got this job. If you had not recommended me. h=ô time H÷ JH›ø_•H÷ KÍ~°¡ HËH›‡é~ò#>ÿ`ÁØ . 6. If I had not prepared all the lessons. =°#=ò D work complete K͆ǰQ®eöQ "Œ~¡=ò Hê^ΰ. I could not have succeeded in my studies. <Í#° job ‡ÚO^ÎQ®eöQ"Œ_È#°Hê^ΰ. "Í°=ò x#ß WH›ø_•H÷ ~Œä›½#ß@~Á ò`Í. g°~¡° recommend K͆°Ç H›‡é~ò#@Á~ò`Í. 10. 1. "Œ~¡° co-operate K͆ǰH›‡é~ò#@Á~ò`Í. 11. tickets ‡ÚO^Î Q® e ö Q "Œˆ×¤=òHê^ΰ. Z Pen is mightier than sword. Hardwork If he had not worked hard. h=ô <Œä›½ ‹¬•‚¬ð W=Þ䛽#ß>ÿØÁ`Í. : 94406 16425 . Chiranjivi could not have become a popular hero. 9. 5.Í P post ‡ÚO^ÎeöQ"Œ_È°Hê^ΰ. K͆ǰH›‡é~ò#>ÿØÁ`Í. <Í#° J`ÇxH÷ money W=ÞH›‡é~ò#@Á~ò`Í. 4. he could not have got a promotion as an officer. J`Ç_È° P course …Õ join J=Q®eöQ"Œ_È° Hê^ΰ. 8. J`Ç_È° last time try K͆°Ç 䛽#ß>`ÁØÿ . EXERCISE D "ŒH›D ¼=ò•° …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. =°#O x#ß theatre late H÷ Qê "³ o ¤ = ô#ß @ Á ~ ò`Í . 13. 14. "Í°=ò pass J=Q®eöQ"Œ~¡=ò Hê=ò. officer Qê promotion ‡ÚO^ÎQ®eöQ"Œ_È°Hê^ΰ. Jxß questions answer KÍ † Ç ° Q® e ö Q "Œ~¡ = ò Hê=ò. 11.Í "Í°=ò D position 䛽 KÍ~¡°HË Q®eöQ"Œ~¡=ò Hê^ΰ. <Í#° Jxß lessons prepare J=H›‡é~ò #>ÿØÁ`Í. h=ô ‹¬ ¶ zOKÇ H › ‡ é~ò#@Á ~ ò`Í . g° ‹¬‚¬ìHê~¡O …è䛽#ß>ÿåÁ`Í. ƒ•’Q= ® O`Ç°x ^Ά°Ç …èä½› #ß>`Áåÿ . I could not have realised this mistake. 7. "Í°=ò D „¬xx time …Õ „¬îië K͆ǰQ®eöQ"Œ~¡=òHê^ΰ. x#ß exam ƒìQê "ã Œ†Ç°Q®eQö "Œ_•x Hê^ΰ.. z~¡Orq JO`Ç popular actor J=Q®eöQ"Œ_È°Hê^ΰ. If I had not followed my father's advice. 9. 12. If you had not suggested me. 400 . If he had not worked in that office sincerely. "Œix H›•°=Q®eöQ"Œ~¡=òHê^ΰ. 2. <Í#° D x~¡â†Ç°O f‹¬°HËQ®eöQ"Œ_È#°Hê#°. I could not have written the exam well yesterday.

job ‡ÚO^ÎQ®ey†ÇòO_Í"Œ_¨? P"³° doctor #° consult J~òL#ß>ÿ`ÁØ . 3. ï~O_È= Clause …Õ 'had + III form of the verb' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Could she have completed the computer course by now if she had joined last year? =°#=ò =òO^ΰQê inform KÍ‹² =ô#ß>ÿØÁ`Í "Œ~¡° U~Œæ@°Á K͆ǰQ®ey†ÇòO_Í"Œ~Œ? Could they have made the arrangements if we had informed earlier? <Í#° English medium join J~ò=ô#ß>ÿØÁ`Í. ï~O_È= „¬xx K͆ǰQ®ey †ÇòO_Í"Œ~Œ J#° J~¡œ=ò`Ë ability („¬xx K͆°Ç Q®ey †ÇòO_È° ª•=°~¡¼œ =ò) KǶ„¬ôKǶ „ã t¬ ßOKÇ°@䛽 "Could have + III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. W„¬æ\÷H÷ JH›ø_•H÷ KÍ~¡°HËQ®ey†ÇòO_Í "Œ~Œ? Could you have reached there by now if you had started here last night? Last time coaching f‹¬°Hùx †Çò#ß>ÿØÁ`Í J`Ç_È° =°Oz rank ‡ÚO^ÎQ®ey†ÇòO_Í "Œ_¨? Could he have got good rank if he had taken coaching last time? 401 6. P"³° Last year computer course join J~ò=ô#ß>ÿØÁ`Í. lessons follow J=Q®ey =ôO_Í"Œ_È<Œ? Could I have followed the lessons if i had joined English medium? =°# team =òO^Î ° Qê batting KÍ ‹ ² †Ç ò #ß > ÿ Ø Á ` Í . EXAMPLES 1. J J J J J`Ç_È° last year job Hù~¡ä›½ ㄬ†Ç°ußOz L#ß>ÿØÁ`Í. W„¬æ\÷H÷ „¬îië K͆ǰQ®ey ‡ÚO^ÎQ®ey†ÇòO_Í"Œ_È<Œ? =ôO_Í^¥? Could I have got that job if i had tried 2. x#ß match ï Q •°=Q® e y †ÇòO_Í"Œ~Œ? Could they have won the mathc if they had chosen to bat first yesterday ? . train JO^ΰHËQ®ey LO_Í"Œ~¡=¶? D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~°¡ K͆°Ç …èH› ‡é~ò# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz Hê~¡}=ò#° K³„¬CKǶ. 7. for it last time? =°#=ò taxi …Õ =zó†Çò#ß>ÿØÁ`Í. <Í#° last time try KÍ‹²†Çò#ß>ÿØÁ`Í P job 5. JO^ΰHËQ®ey†ÇòO_Í"Œ~¡=¶? train Could we have caught the train if we had come by a taxi? g°~¡° last night WH›ø_È |†Ç°•°^Íi =ôO>è.Í P "Œ¼k• #°Oz HË•°HËQ®ey†ÇòO_Í^¥? h=ô studies continue KÍ‹²=ô#ß>ÿØÁ`Í. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. 8.. "³ò^Î\÷ „¬x KÍ‹²†Çò#ß >ÿØÁ`Í. Phral U^³á##° 'Could have' =KÇ°ó#°. W„¬æ\÷H÷ Degree „¬îië K͆°Ç Q®ey†ÇòO_Í "Œ_•"Œ? =°#=ò taxi …Õ "³o¤ =ô#ß>ÿØÁ`Í. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ K͆°Ç …èH‡› é~ò# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz Hê~¡}=ò#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KǶ ㄬtßOKÇ° KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. 4.

9. =°#=ò "Œix HËi=ô#ß@Á~ò`Í. "ŒH›English ¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•."Œ~¡° D proposal u~¡‹¬øiOz =ô#ß>ÿØÁ`Í h=ô Uq° K͆ǰQ®ey=ôO_Í"Œ_È=ô? What could you have done if they had rejected this proposal ? 14. "Œ~¡° W„¬æ\÷H÷ Zxß cards print K͆ǰQ®ey =ôO_Í"Œ~¡°? 7. Studies „¬îië KÍ‹²# "³O@<Í h=ô job ‡ÚOk =ô#ß>ÿØÁ`Í. =°#=ò x#ß J`Ç x ‹¬ ‚ ¬ ð †Ç ° O HËi=ô#ß@Á~ò`Í. J`Ç_È° =°#䛽 help K͆ǰQ®ey=ôO_Í"Œ_¨? 3. Z䛽ø= marks score K͆ǰQ®ey=ôO_Í"Œ_¨? 6. B J P majority seats ïQez=ô#ß>ÿØÁ`Í P Party …Õ Z=~¡° PM J=Q®ey=ôO_Í"Œ~¡°? Who could have become Prime Minister in hat party if the BJP had won majority of seats? 13. "Œ~¡° Zä› ½ ø= "³ ò `Ç ë O donate KÍ † Ç ° Q® e y =ôO_Í"Œ~Œ? 5. Congress Party öHOã^ÎO…Õ govt form K͆ǰQ®ey=ôO_Í^¥? Could the Congress Party have formed the govt. Zxß marks score K͆ǰQ®ey =ôO_Í"Œ_È=ô? How many marks could you have scored if you had prepared well? 11. ."Œ~¡ ° accommodation H› e æOKÇ H › ‡é~ò#@Á~ò`Í. 402 . P"³ ° #° lecturers ƒìQê encourage KÍ‹²=ô#ß@Á~ò`Í. if they had not provided us the accommodation last night? EXERCISE D "ŒH›D ¼=ò•° …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. : 94406 16425 . Night JO`Œ journey KÍ‹²=ô#ß@Á~ò`Í W„¬æ\H÷ ÷ =°#=ò ZO`Ç^¶ Î ~¡=ò „ ã † ¬ ¶ Ç }O K͆ǰQ®ey=ôO_Í"Œ~¡=ò? 8. state rank ‡ÚO^ÎQ®ey =ôO_Í^¥? 4. h=ô "ŒiH÷ ZO`Ç amount adjust K͆ǰQ®ey =ôO_Í"Œ_È=ô? Z The folly of one man is the fortune of another. Night JO`Œ work KÍ‹²=ô#ß@Á~ò`Í. 1. J`Ç_È° regular Qê classes H÷ attend J~ò=ô#ß@Á~ò`Í. x#ß match …Õ Indian players Zxß „¬ ~ ¡ ° Q® ° •° score K͆ǰQ®ey=ôO_Í"Œ~¡°? Howmany runs could the Indian players have scored if they had chosen batting first? 15.=òO^Î ° Qê batting choose KÍ‹¬°Hùx†Çò#ß@Á~ò`Í. at centre if the communist parties had not supported? 10.h=ô ƒìQê prepare J~ò=ô#ß>ÿØÁ`Í.. Communist party support K͆ǰH›‡é~ò #>ÿØÁ`Í. W„¬æ\÷H÷ Zxß ‹¬OII• service „¬îië K͆°Ç Q®ey =ôO_Í"Œ_•q? How many year service could you have completed by now if you had got a job immediately after your studies? 12. h䛽 x#ß amount JOk=ô#ß@Á~ò`Í. x#ß =°#=ò P bus miss J~ò#@Á~ò`Í time H÷ exam hall H÷ KÍ ~ ¡ ° HËQ® e y =ôO_Í"Œ~¡=¶? 2. =°#=ò ~Œãu ZH›ø_È䛽 "³ˆ×¤Q®eöQ"Œ~¡=ò? Where could we have gone.

Could you have got this job. Could he have become an officer. 3. 4. : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D ~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ 'Could have + III form of the Verb' J#° structure Q®°iOz <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. they could have won the match. nx…Õ =°#=ò 1. NEGATIVE FORM : Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ K͆ǰQ®ey# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz H›ê~¡}=ò#° KǶ„¬ôKǶ 'K͆ǰ…èH› ‡é†Í°"Œ~¡=òÑ J#ß@°ÁQê K³„¬C@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Could not + have + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Question Form J#° 3 parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. D 3 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò. she could have scored well.. Could they have cleared the loan. if he had not helped them? 403 . 4. Ex : 1. If you had asked me. 2. If they had delayed the work. Ex : 1. I could have helped you. QUESTION FORM : Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ K͆°Ç …èH‡› é~ò# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz H›ê~¡}=ò#° KǶ„¬ôKǶ 'K͆ǰQ®ey =ôO_Í"Œ~ŒÑ J#° J~¡Ö=ò…Õ ability Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Could have + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. If we had come by an auto. If he had not prepared all the lessons. Positive Form 2. If we had not gone by a taxi. 2. if he had not worked hard? 4. 3. Could you have succeeded. If she had worked hard. If they had practised regularly. Negative Form 3. If I had not taken coaching. he could not have answered all the questions. if they had not co-operated with you? 2. if he had not recommended you? 3. I could not have passed the test. 3.. Ex : 1. POSITIVE FORM : Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ K͆°Ç …èH‡› é~ò# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz H›ê~¡}=ò#° KǶ„¬ôKǶ 'K͆ǰQ®ey =ôO_Í"Œ~¡=òÑ J#ß@°ÁQê ability Q®°iOz K³„¬C@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Could have + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 1. 2. we could have caught the train. they could not have got the payment. we could not have reached their in time.

Overrule overruled overruled 832. Overhawl overhawled overhawled 831. : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs.. Overturn overturned overturned 833. Patronize patronized patronized Meaning ‹¬H÷eOKÇ°@ ‚¬ð~òx‡ÚO^ΰ@ HùiH÷u#°@ Hê•=ò =$^•¥K͆ò Ç @ `³e†Ç°„¬~¡KÇ°@ Ì„OzÌ„^ÎíK͆Çò@ =°<Ë"Í^•Î# H›eyOKÇ° z~¡ª•Ö~òQê =ôO_È°@ ‡ÚiÁ ㄬ=‚²ìOKÇ°@ „¬îië =°~¡=°à`Ç°ë•° K͆Çò@ ~¡^ΰíK͆Çò@ `Ç•ãH÷O^ΰ•Q®°@ |°°}„¬_•=ôO_È°@ L„¬‰×=°#=ò ‡ÚO^ΰ@ Hù@°“Hù#°. Neigh neighed neighed 822. Notify notified notified 826. Pander pandered pandered 838. Niggle niggled niggled 825. Owe owed owed 834. J^Î~¡°@ ^Άǰ`ËKǶKÇ°@ HËiH›•° H›•°Q®*è†Çò@ ZO_ȃÿ@°“@ qq^•Î ƒ•ìQ®=ò•° q=iOKÇ° ‡ã é`Ç•‚²ìOKÇ°@ D ~ËA Spoken English lesson …Õx Positive Form. Question Form. Nestle nestled nestled 823. . Z 404 A prophet is not honoured in his own country. Nourish nourished nourished 827. Palliate palliated palliated 835. Parse parsed parsed 840. Pamper pampered pampered 837. Obsess obsessed obsessed 828. Palpitate palpitated palpitated 836. "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O. Negative Form. ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 3 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. Outlive outlived outlived 829. I Form II Form III Form 821. Overflow overflowed overflowed 830. Nibble nibbled nibbled 824. Parch parched parched 839.

P"³° x#ß ‡•s“H÷ "Œix 䛕_¨ invite †ÇòO_È=•‹²#k. . <Í#° last year MPC group join J~ò 8.P. You should have paid him the bill yesterday. 405 6. "Œ~¡ ° last year P †ÇòO_È=•‹²#k. You should have taken coaching for the entrance test last time. LO_È=•‹²#k. We should have settled down in Hyderabad city. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. KÍ‹²†ÇòO_È=•‹²#k. You should have done the computer course last summer. house Hùx 7. g°~¡° "³O@<Í P"³°#° ‚¬ð‹²æ@…˜H÷ f‹¬°ä›½"³o¤ †ÇòO_È=•‹²#k. Your brother should have tried for that job last time. You should have consulted the Principal yesterday. g°~¡ ° x#ß J`Ç x H÷ bill pay KÍ ‹ ² 3. EXAMPLES 1. h=ô last summer …Õ computer course 4. I should have joined M. J J J J h=ô Q®=~¡ß"³°O@° Hê…èr…Õ join J~òLO_È =•‹²#k.C Group last year. Plural U^³á##¶ 'Should have + III Form' =KÇ°ó#°. g° brother last week P job HË‹¬O try 5. They should have bought that house last year. "Œ~¡° last year hardwork KÍ‹² †ÇòO_È =ôO_È=•‹²#k. : 94406 16425 SHOULD HAVE XHùøH›øª•i Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ K͆°Ç x XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz "Œ~¡° P „¬xx KÍ‹²†ÇòO_È=•‹²#kQê ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. "Í~ùH›~°¡ Qêx K͆°Ç x XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz P„¬xx KÍ‹²†ÇòO>è ƒìQ®°O_Ík J#° J~¡Ö=ò =KÇ°ó#@°ÁQê ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Should have+ III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ =…ÿ#°. g°~¡° D q+¬†Ç°O =òO^ΰQê<Í "ŒiH÷ inform KÍ‹²†ÇòO_È=•‹²#k. g°~¡° last time entrance test H÷ coaching 10. g°~¡° Vijayawada …Õ<Í settle J~ò=ôO_È =•‹²#k. KÍ‹²†ÇòO_È=•‹²#k. They should have worked hard last year. =°#=ò Hyderabad city …Õ settle J~ò 9. KÍ‹²†ÇòO_È=•‹²#k. consult J~ò 2.. h=ô x#ß principal x LO_È=•‹²#k. Dq^•ÎOQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ =°#=ò Qêx. „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ =°#=ò K͆°Ç x XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz =°#=ò KÍ‹²†ÇòO_È=•‹²#kQê ‹¬¶zOKÇ° KÇ°#ßq. f‹¬°HùxLO_È=•‹²#k. She should have invited them also to the party yesterday. =•‹²#k.

KÍ‹²†ÇòO_È=•‹²#k. <Í#° last time P job H÷ try KÍ‹²=ôO_È =•‹²#k. "Í°=ò JH›ø_È WOHùH› "Œ~¡O ~ËA•° stay KÍ‹²=ôO_È=•‹²#k. You should have taken a strong decision. Zaheerkhan should have bowled the last over in yesterday's match. LO_È=•‹²#k. <Í#° D q+¬†°Ç O x#ß J`Çx`Ë =¶\ìÁ_• LO_È=•‹²#k. =°#=ò x#ß guest •ä›½ accommodation provide KÍ‹²†ÇòO_È=•‹²#k. P†Ç ° # P post H÷ J„¬ C _Í resign KÍ‹²=ôO_È=•‹²#k. 7. LO_È=•‹²#k. g°~¡ ° x#ß <Œ HË‹¬ O JH› ø _È wait KÍ‹²=ôO_È=•‹²#k. 6. h=ô last time P test H÷ appear J~ò=ôO_È=•‹²#k. "ŒH›English ¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 16. We should have provided the accommodation to the guests yesterday. 406 . KÍ‹²=ôO_È=•‹²#k. 5. 12. h=ô "³ O @<Í <Œä› ½ inform KÍ ‹ ² = ôO_È =•‹²#k. P†Ç°# P party …Õ<Í continue J~ò=ôO_È =•‹²#k. 19. 4. You should have informed them this matter yesterday. 11. Z Hope for the best and prepare for the worst. =°#=ò =òO^Î ° Qê D q+¬ † Ç ° O Manager `Ë discuss KÍ‹²=ôO_È=•‹²#k. Ganguly should have chosen to bat first in the match yesterday. "Œ~¡° =òO^ΰQê<Í tickets book KÍ‹¬°Hùx †ÇòO_È=•‹²#k. 9. 3. She should have continued her studies last year. 11. 1. P"³° last year studies continue KÍ‹² 13. †ÇòO_È=•‹²#k. x#ß match …Õ Q®OQ®¶e =òO^ΰQê batting choose KÍ‹¬°Hù#=•‹²#k. g°~¡ ° D work x#ß<Í „¬ î ië KÍ ‹ ² 15. 20. P†Ç ° # WOHùH› "Œ~¡ O ~ËA•° rest f‹¬°Hùx=ôO_È=•‹²#k. They should have booked the tickets earlier. 13. You should have finished this work yesterday itself. . P"³ ° J„¬ C _È ° P proposal X„¬ C Hùx 18. 15. 14. "Œ~¡° x#ß<Í P report submit KÍ‹²=ôO_È =•‹²#k. h=ô XH› =°Oz x~¡ â † Ç ° O f‹¬ ° Hùx LO_È=•‹²#k. x#ß g°~¡ ° ä› • _¨ =¶`Ë =zó = ôO_È =•‹²#k. I should have talked this matter to him yesterday.G. 12. She should have accepted to that proposal then. 8. 14. P"³° J„¬C_Í P. 10. x#ß match …Õ last over Zaheer Khan bowl KÍ‹²†ÇòO_È=•‹²#k.. J`Ç_È° exam H÷ WOHê ƒìQê prepare J~ò=ôO_È=•‹²#k. EXERCISE D "ŒH›D ¼=ò•° …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. : 94406 16425 . P"³° x#ß P competition …Õ participate KÍ‹²=ôO_È=•‹²#k. g°~¡° "ŒiH÷ D q+¬†Ç°O x#ß<Í inform 17. g°~¡° g° „²•Á•#° D school …Õ admit KÍ‹²=ôO_È=•‹²#k. 2.

g°~¡° x#ß g°\÷OQ· postpone K͆°Ç 䛽O_¨ 5. You should not have paid him money earlier. They should not have sold that house. Your brother should not have resigned to that post last year. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM Q®`ÇO…Õ XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH› „¬xx K͆ǰ䛽O_¨ =ôO_È=•‹²#kQê K³„¬C KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. 2. =°#=ò "Œi q+¬ † Ç ° O…Õ *ÕH› ¼ O KÍ‹¬°HË䛽O_¨ =ôO_È=•‹²#k. <Í # ° last year studies discontinue K͆ǰ䛽O_¨ =ôO_È=•‹²#k. J`Ç _ È ° arts group …Õ KÍ ~ ¡ ä › ½ O_¨ =ôO_È=‹²#k. We should not have interefered in thier matter. J J J J Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`ÇO…Õ XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH› „¬xx K͆ǰ䛽O_¨ =ôO_È=•‹²#kQê („¬xx KÍ‹²=ôO_È=•‹²#k Hê^ΰ) Jx K³„¬C@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. 3. You should not have postponed the meeting yesterday. 407 6. h=ô x#ß meeting H÷ attend J=䛽O_¨ =ôO_È=•‹²#k. She should not have accepted to that proposal.. h=ô J`Ç x H÷ help KÍ † Ç ° ä› ½ O_¨ 4. XH› „¬xx Q®`OÇ …Õ ‡Ú~¡ƒì@°#Qêx. He should not have joined the arts group. h=ô J`Ç x H÷ =òO^Î ° Qê money pay LO_È=•‹²#k. g°~¡° x#ß "ŒiO\÷H÷ "³ˆ×¤ä›½O_¨ =ôO_È=•‹²#k. K͆ǰ䛽O_¨ =ôO_È=•‹²#k. =ôO_È=•‹²#k. 9. Plural U^³á##¶ 'should not have' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. * EXAMPLES 1. I should not have discontinued my studies last year. You should not have helped him. =°#=ò x#ß JH› ø _È ä › ½ "³ ˆ × ¤ ä › ½ O_¨ =ôO_È=•‹²#k. g° brother last year P job H÷ resign 7. "Í~ùH›~°¡ Qêx KÍ‹#² XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz `Ç~°¡ "Œ`Ç Ja•ã‡•†Ç°=ò =¼H›„ë ~¬ °¡ ‹¬¶ë P„¬x K͆°Ç 䛽O_¨ =ôO_È=•‹²#k J#° J~¡=œ ò`Ë ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Should not have+ III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. K͆ǰ䛽O_¨ =ôO_È=•‹²#k. g° brother P job =^ΰ•°HË䛽O_¨ =ôO_È=•‹²#k. =ôO_È=•‹²#k. 10. . Jã‰^ × = œÎ •ÁQêx KÍ‹² †ÇòO^ΰ=ò. P „¬xx KÍ‹= ² ôO_È=•‹²#k Hê^ΰ J#° J~¡œ=ò`Ë ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@. D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ =°#=ò Qêx. Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. "Œ~¡ ° P house J=°àä› ½ O_¨ 8. We should not have gone there yesterday. P"³° "Œix function H÷ invite K͆ǰ䛽O_¨ =ôO_È=•‹²#k. P"³° P proposal X„¬CHË䛽O_¨ LO_È =•‹²#k.

g°~¡° last year P Hê…èl…Õ KÍ~¡ä›½O_¨ =ôO_È=•‹²#k. truth is beauty. 1. g° father P business close K͆ǰ䛽O_¨ =ôO_È=•‹²#k. 3. =ôO_È=•‹²#k. I should not have wasted my time there yesterday. 13. <Í#° x#ß "Œi =òO^ΰ J…ì ㄬ=iëOKÇ ä›½O_¨=ôO_È=•‹²#k. 6. "Œ~¡° business …Õ JO`Ç amount invest K͆ǰ䛽O_¨ =ôO_È=•‹²#k. P"³° x#ß "ŒiO\÷H÷ "³ˆ×¤ä›½O_¨ =ôO_È =•‹²#k. "Œ~¡ ° last month P house vacate K͆ǰ䛽O_¨ =ôO_È=•‹²#k. J`Ç_È° last time P ‡•s“…Õ KÍ~¡ä›½O_¨ =ôO_È=•‹²#k. 2. h=ô x#ß J`Çxx P q+¬†Ç°O J_ÈQ®ä›½O_¨ =ôO_È=•‹²#k. 12. : 94406 16425 . 15. g°~¡° P =î~¡° =^ÎeÌ„@“䛽O_¨ =ôO_È =•‹²#k. g°~¡ ° P project ä› ½ JO`Ç amount 20. . 11. 17. She should not have invited them to the party yesterday. She should not have talked to them like that yesterday. P"³° x#ß P party H÷ attend Hê䛽O_¨ =ôO_È=•‹²#k. LO_È=•‹²#k. 10. P"³° x#ß "Œix party H÷ 䛽O_¨=ôO_È=•‹²#k. Your father should not have closed that business. K͆ǰ䛽O_¨=ôO_È=•‹²#k. 4. h=ô x#ß work delay KÍ † Ç ° ä› ½ O_¨ 15. 18. invite K͆ǰ 12. You should not have left that village. 5. =°#=ò last year studies neglect 14. 14. They should not have vacated that house lastmonth. Z 408 . 8. "Í°=ò J`Çx`Ë JO`Ç close Qê move Hê䛽O_¨ =ôO_È=•‹²#k. You should not have delayed the work yesterday. 19. "ŒH›English ¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. "Œ~¡° last week work stop K͆ǰ䛽O_¨ =ôO_È=•‹²#k. g°~¡° D q+¬†Ç°=ò J`ÇxH÷ K³„¬æ䛽O_¨ =ôO_È=•‹²#k. =°#=ò J`Ç x Ì „ á P^•¥~¡ „ ¬ _ È ä › ½ O_¨ =ôO_È=•‹²#k. g°~¡ ° x#ß programme cancel K͆ǰ䛽O_¨ =ôO_È=•‹²#k. g° brother P x~¡â†Ç°O f‹¬°HË䛽O_¨ =ôO_È=•‹²#k. 16. "Í ° =ò x#ß class miss Hêä› ½ O_¨ =ôO_È=•‹²#k. P"³° x#ß "Œi`Ë J…ì =¶\ìÁ_È䛽O_¨ =ôO_È=•‹²#k. 7. 9. <Í#° x#ß JH›ø_È J`Çxx H›•°=䛽O_¨ =ôO_È=•‹²#k. You should not have spent that much amount on that project.. <Í#° x#ß JH›ø_È time waste K͆ǰ䛽O_¨ 13. We should not have neglected our studies last year. Your brother should not have entered into politics. 11. Beauty is truth. EXERCISE D "ŒH›D ¼=ò•° …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. =ôO_È=•‹²#k. g° brother politics …ÕH÷ enter Hê䛽O_¨ Y~¡°óÌ„@“䛽O_¨ =ôO_È=•‹²#k.

Should he have resigned to his job? <Í # ° D report x#ß < Í submit KÍ ‹ ² 8. x#ß JH›ø_È䛽 <Í#° 䛕_¨ "³o¤ =ôO_È =•‹²#^¥? J "Í°=ò P course KÍ‹² =ôO_È=•‹²#^¥? J J`Ç_È° last month P post 䛽 apply KÍ‹² =ôO_È=•‹²#^¥? J P"³° x#ß "Œix 䛕_¨ invite KÍ‹² =ôO_È=•‹²#^¥? D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~°¡ K͆°Ç x XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz P „¬xx KÍ‹² †ÇòO_•#>ÿ`ÁØ Í ƒìQ®°O_Í^"Í ¶³ J#° L^͉œ ¼× =ò`Ë „ã t¬ ßOKÇ°@䛽 " Should have + III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. J`Ç_È° P job resign KÍ‹²=ôO_È=•‹²#^¥? Should you have tried for a govt job last year? P"³° heart specialist #° consult J~ò Should we have complained to the police on this matter? =ôO_È=•‹²#^¥? =ôO_È=•‹²#^¥? Should she have consulted the heart specialist ? "Œ~¡° x#ß Work continue K͆°Ç =•‹² #^¥? Should they have continued the work yesterday ? 409 7. 4. J * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. 3. g°~¡ ° x#ß XH› x~¡ â † Ç ° O f‹¬ ° Hùx =ôO_È=•‹²#^¥? Should you have taken a decision yesterday? 10. Should I have submitted this report yesterday? "Í°=ò D q+¬†°Ç OÌ„á police •ä›½ complaint =ôO_È=•‹²#^¥? KÍ‹²=ôO_È=•‹²#^¥? 9. <Í # ° 2.C group? "Í°=ò D q+¬†Ç°O "ŒiH÷ =òO^ΰQê inform KÍ‹²=ôO_È=•‹²#^¥? Should we have informed them this matter earlier? h=ô last year govt job H÷ try KÍ ‹ ² 6. MPC group join J==•‹² # ^¥? Should I have joined M. EXAMPLES 1.. 5. : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ K͆°Ç x XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz P „¬xx KÍ‹² †Çò#ß>`ÁØÿ Í ƒìQ®°O_È°#<³_• L^Í‰í ¼× =ò`Ë „ ã t ¬ ßOKÇ° KÇ°O^ΰ=ò.P. J`Ç_È° last year computer course KÍ‹² =ôO_È=•‹²#^¥? Should he have done the computer course last year? . Plural U^³á##¶ 'Should have' =KÇ°ó#°.

410 . "Œ~¡° ZH›ø_È settle J~ò=ôO_È=•‹²#k? Where should they have settled down? 18. x#ß =°#=ò JH› ø _È Z=ix H› • ‹² =ôO_È=•‹²#k? Whom should we have consulted there yesterday? 14. "Œ~¡ ° J„¬ C _Í P KÍ‹²=ôO_È=•‹²#^¥? apply attend invite house KÍ ‹ ² vacate 6. "ŒH›English ¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate KÍ Ç O_•. g°~¡ ° x#ß seminar ä› ½ J~ò=ôO_È=•‹²#^¥? 4. =°#=ò x#ß marriage …Õ J`ÇxH÷ gift Qê Uq° Wzó=ôO_È=•‹²#k? 9. =°#=ò x#ß function 䛽 guest Qê Z=ix invite KÍ‹²=ôO_È=•‹²#k? 10. =°#=ò x#ß JH› ø _È Uq° KÍ ‹ ² =ôO_È=•‹²#k? What should we have done there yesterday? 16. =°#…Õ last year ZO`Ç amount invest KÍ‹² =ôO_È=•‹²#k? Howmuch amount should we have invested last year? 15. P"³° last time entrance test 䛽 ZH›ø_È appear J~ò=ôO_È=•‹²#^¥? Where Should she have appeared for the entrance test last time? 12. "Œ~¡° Z„¬C_È° JH›ø_È |†Ç°•°^Íi =ôO_È=•‹² #k? When should they have started there? 13. =°#=ò last month U course join EXERCISE D "ŒH›D ¼=ò•° …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. x#ß match …Õ last KÍ‹²=ôO_È=•‹²#k? over Z=~¡° en- bowl 8. : 94406 16425 . . x#ß match …Õ Indian players Zxß runs score KÍ‹²=ôO_È=•‹²#k? How many runs should the Indian players have scored in the match yesterday? 17. =°#=ò ä› • _¨ Bits KÍ‹²=ôO_È=•‹²#^¥? Pilani H÷ 3.†°=°#=ò follow J~ò=ôO_È=•‹²#^¥? 2. =°#…Õ application form `Ë Zxß copies enclose KÍ‹² =ôO_È=•‹²#k? How many copies should we have enclosed with the application form? Z Wealth and power are not greater than honour. 11. =°#=ò x#ß Zxß KÍ‹²=ôO_È=•‹²#k? copies order J~ò=ôO_È=•‹²#k? Which course should we have joined last month? 20. EAMCET 䛽 academy books 1.. =°#=ò Maths H÷ U Book refer KÍ‹² =ôO_È=•‹²#k? Which book should we have refered to for Maths? 19. P"³ ° "Œix ä› • _¨ =ôO_È=•‹²#^¥? 5. h=ô =òO^ΰQê<Í P course Q®°iOz quire KÍ‹²=ôO_È=•‹²#^¥? 7.

Ex : 1. She should have consulted the doctor. He should have continued his studies last year. Should I have consulted him earlier? 2. 3. POSITIVE FORM : Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ Xä›~¡° K͆ǰx XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz 'KÍ‹²=ôO_È =•‹²#kÑ J#° J~¡Ö=ò`Ë K³„¬C@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Should have + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 3. NEGATIVE FORM : Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ KÍ‹²# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz 'K͆ǰ䛽O_¨ =ôO_È=•‹²#kÑ J#° J~¡Ö=ò`Ë K³„¬C@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Should not + have + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 2. Ex : 1. : 94406 16425 REVISION What have we learnt today ? =°#=ò D ~ËA Uq° <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò ? D ~ËA =°#=ò =°# Spoken English Course …Õ 'Should have + III form of the Verb' J#° structure Q®°iOz <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. You should not have gone there yesterday. 2. 4. D 3 parts XH›ª•i revise KÍ‹¬°ä›½O^¥=ò. QUESTION FORM : Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ Xä›~°¡ K͆°Ç x XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz 'KÍ‹= ² ô#ß>`åÁÿ Í ƒìQ®°O_È^ Í ¥?Ñ J#° J~¡Ö=ò`Ë ã„¬tßOKÇ°@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 " Should have + III form of the Verb " L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. They should not have delayed the work. They should have paid the bill yesterday. 1. Should you have joined that course last year? 4.. 4. He should not have taken that decision. You should have done the computer course. Question Form J#° 3 parts <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß=ò. 3. We should not have wasted our time there yesterday. Should they have bought that house then? 411 . Negative Form 3. nx…Õ =°#=ò 1. Ex : 1. Positive Form 2. 2. Should we have attended the conference yesterday? 3.

ƒìQê <Í~¡°ó䛽<Œß~¡° H›^¥! Z@°=O\÷ confusion …èä½› O_¨ =°~¡• XH›ª•i D 3 parts KÇ^=Î O_•! g°~¡° own Qê Hùxß "ŒH꼕° practise K͆°Ç O_•. Practise practised practised 860. Prattle prattled prattled Meaning #°#°„¬ô„¬~¡KÇ°@ q‹¬i"͆Çò@ ^ÎO_•OKÇ°@ H›#°Qù#°@ #tOKÇ°@ H›•=~¡„¬_È°@ „¬@°“„¬@°“@ =¼H÷ëQê‡é•°ó@ K³=°@‡é†Çò@ "Œ¼„²OKÇ°@ t•Qê=¶~¡°@ y•°Á@ =°#qKÍ‹¬°Hù#°@ H›•°+²`Ç=òK͆Çò@ „¬i‚¬ì‹²OKÇ°@ „¬@=òw†Çò@ ~ŒƒÕ=ô `Ík"͆Çò@ L#ß@°ÁO_• „Ì |á _È°@ Jƒ•ì¼‹¬=òK͆òÇ @ z#ß„²•Á•=…ÿ =¶\ìÁ_È°@ D ~ËA Spoken English lesson …Õx Positive Form. . Pooh-pooh pooh-poohed pooh-poohed 856. Negative Form. Plead pleaded pleaded 854. Pinch pinched pinched 853. "Œ\÷ †³òH›ø three forms <Í~¡°ó䛽O^¥O. Penalize penalized penalized 844. Polloute polluted polluted 855.. Perish perished perished 846. Pervade pervaded pervaded 851. Pelt pelted pelted 843. Pounce pounced pounced 859. I Form II Form III Form 841. Perspire perspired perspired 850. : 94406 16425 D ~ËA Hùxß verbs. Persist persisted persisted 848. Postdate postdated postdated 858. Perceive perceived perceived 845. Personify personified personified 849. Z 412 He who has mastery over the mind is a monarch unto himself. Perplex perplexed perplexed 847. Question Form. Portray portrayed portrayed 857. Pave paved paved 842. Petrify petrified petrified 852.

pass J~ò =ôO@°Ok. He must have waited for us there yesterday. =¶ brother Yzó`ÇOQê ~Œãu Delhi …Õ |†Ç°•°^Íi=ôO\ì_È°. "Œ~¡° Yzó`OÇ Qê x#ß bank #°O_• amount draw KÍ‹²=ôO\ì~¡°. P"³° Yzó`ÇOQê HË•°Hùx =ôO@°Ok. h=ô Yzó`ÇOQê P book KÇk"Í=ôO\ì=ô. She must have recovered. They must have drawn the amount from the bank yesterday. Dq^•ÎOQê Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ =°#=ò Qêx. g°~¡° Yzó`ÇOQê D news qx=ôO\ì~¡°.. J`Ç_È° x#ß Yzó`ÇOQê Manager x H›e‹² =ôO\ì_È°. 413 6. EXAMPLES 1. You must have met him yesterday. 8. : 94406 16425 MUST HAVE XHùøH›øª•i =°#=ò Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~°¡ Yzó`OÇ Qê KÍ‹† ² ò Ç O_•# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ° KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. "Œ~¡° Yzó`ÇOQê D =ôO\ì~¡°. g°~¡ ° last month Yzó ` Ç O Qê orders receive KÍ‹¬°Hùx =ôO\ì~¡°. 2. She must examination. Plural U^³á##¶ ''Must have + III form'' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. You must have heard this news. 3. . You must have read that book. "Í~ùH›~¡°Qêx Yzó`ÇOQê XH› „¬xx KÍ‹²†ÇòO^ΰ~¡°Ñ Jx Z@°=O\÷ ‹¬O^Í‚¬ì=ò …è䛽O_¨ <ùH÷ø K³„¬C@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Must have+ III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. P"³° last week Yzó`ÇOQê doctor #° consult J~ò=ôO@°Ok. My brother must have started in Delhi last night. You must have received the orders last month. P"³ ° Yzó ` Ç O Qê exam. "Œ~¡° x#ß Yzó`ÇOQê D q+¬†Ç°O discuss KÍ‹²=ôO\ì~¡°. 4. have passed the 5. h=ô J`Çxx WO`Ç䛽 =òO^ΰ Yzó`ÇOQê KǶ‹²=ôO\ì=ô. 9. 10. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. J`Ç_È° x#ß Yzó`ÇOQê JH›ø_È =°# HË‹¬O wait KÍ‹²=ôO\ì_È°. news `³•°‹¬°Hùx They must have known this news. J J J J „ Ì á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~°¡ Yzó`OÇ Qê KÍ‹† ² ò Ç O_•# XH› „¬xx Q®°iOz ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. 7. h=ô x#ß Yzó`OÇ Qê J`Çxx H›e‹²=ôO\ì=ô.

J`Ç_È° Yzó`ÇOQê D q+¬†Ç°O `Ç# father `Ë discuss KÍ‹²=ôO\ì_È°. P"³° Yzó`ÇOQê x#ß bank test H÷ appear J~ò=ôO@°Ok. g°~¡° Yzó`ÇOQê x#ß function H÷ attend J~ò=ôO\ì~¡°. : 94406 16425 . 5. "Œ~¡° Yzó`OÇ Qê J`Çxx X„²æOz=ôO\ì~¡°. 12. 11. J`Ç_È° Yzó`ÇOQê "ŒiH÷ D q+¬†Ç°O inform KÍ‹²=ôO\ì_È°. 10. g°~¡° Yzó`ÇOQê KÍ‹²=ôO\ì~¡°. "Œ~¡° Yzó`ÇOQê x#ß festival celebrate KÍ‹¬°Hùx =ôO\ì~¡°. 8.. 16. 3. P"³° Yzó`ÇOQê interview ƒìQê KÍ‹² =ôO@°Ok. 9. h=ô Yzó ` Ç O Qê English grammar <Í~¡°óHùx=ôO\ì=ô. J`Ç_È° Yzó`ÇOQê P KÍ‹²=ôO\ì_È°. already P place visit You must have already visited that place. 15. „² < ŒH÷ x ZH± • ã Ì „ ‹¹ W„¬ æ \ ÷ ö H "³ o ¤ ‡ é~ò =ôO@°Ok. EXERCISE D "ŒH›D ¼=ò•° …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. He must have discussed this matter with his father. The Pinakini Express must have left by now. 20. g°~¡ ° Yzó ` Ç O Qê x~¡ â † Ç ° O f‹¬ ° ä› ½ x =ôO\ì~¡°. 19. chapters prepare You must have prepared all the chapters. You must have seen this film. Z Revenge is the poor delight of little minds. "Œ~¡° Yzó`OÇ Qê P new house …ÕxH÷ shift J~ò=ôO\ì~¡°. P"³ ° Yzó ` Ç O Qê "Œix invite KÍ ‹ ² =ôO@°Ok. 13. 13. You must have told him this matter. =¶ brother Yzó`ÇOQê x#ß tax pay KÍ‹²=ôO\ì_È°. well yesterday. "Œ~¡ ° Yzó ` Ç O Qê x#ß match ï Q ez =ôO\ì~¡°. 12. 11. J`Ç _ È ° Yzó ` Ç O Qê "ŒiH÷ money „¬O„²=ôO\ì_È°. =¶ sister x#ß ã"Œ‹²=ôO@°Ok. job H÷ •OKÇO Pay He must have paid a bribe for that job. 17. 6. 14. 4.†°Ç O_•. h=ô Yzó`OÇ Qê job H÷ apply KÍ‹² =ôO\ì=ô. Yzó ` Ç O Qê D q+¬ † Ç ° O J`Ç x H÷ h"Í K³„²æ=ôO\ì=ô. g°~¡° Yzó`ÇOQê picnic …Õ ƒìQê enjoy KÍ‹²=ôO\ì~¡°. h=ô Yzó`ÇOQê D film KǶÀ‹ =ôO\ì=ô. h=ô Yzó`ÇOQê hard work KÍ‹² =ôO\ì=ô. 18. 7. "ŒH›English ¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate KÍ 1. They must have consulted the specialist in Hyderabad yesterday. She must have appeared for the bank test yesterday. . 2. exam Yzó`ÇOQê ƒìQê My sister must have written the exam. 15. 414 . "Œ~¡° Yzó`ÇOQê x#ß Hyderabad …Õ specialist x consult J~ò=ôO\ì~¡°. g°~¡° Yzó`ÇOQê Jxß J~ò=ôO\ì~¡°. 14.

Plural U^³á##¶ 'must not have' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. She must not have told them this matter. J`Ç_È° D news WOHê qx=ôO_È_È°.. J`Ç_È° D `Ç„¬C KÍ‹²=ôO_È_È°. g°~¡ ° Yzó ` Ç O Qê W@°=O\÷ =¼H÷ ë x WO`Ç=~¡ä›½ KǶ‹²=ôO_È~¡°. h=ô Yzó`ÇOQê W@°=O\÷ book Z„¬C_ȶ KÇkq=ôO_È=ô. They must not have attended the meeting yesterday. 4. 6. qx=ôO_È~¡°. 10. He must not have committed this mistake. You must not have read such a book sofar. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. They must not have known this fact. g°~¡° WO`Ç =°Oz speech WO`Ç=~¡ä›½ 2. D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ =°#=ò XH›~°¡ …èH› "Í~ùH›~°¡ XH› „¬xx Yzó`OÇ Qê. You must not have listened to such a good speech sofar. She must not have appeared for this test lasttime. . "Œ~¡° D fact `³e‹²Hùx=ôO_È~¡°. 7. P"³° Z\÷“„¬i‹²Ö`Ç°•…Õ "Œi`Ë D q+¬†Ç°O K³„²æ=ôO_È^ΰ. "Œ~¡° x#ß g°\÷OQ·H÷ attend J~ò=ôO_È~¡°. You must not have seen such a person sofar. J J J J g°~¡° D course KÍ‹²=ôO_È~¡°. 415 He must not have met them there yesterday. h=ô W@°=O\÷ experience WO`Ç=~¡ä›½ face KÍ‹²=ôO_È=ô. 5. Z\÷“„¬i‹²Ö`Ç°•…Õ#¶ KÍ‹² =ôO_È~¡° J#° J~¡Ö=ò`Ë ‹¬¶zOKÇ°@䛽 "Must not have+ III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. J`Ç_È° x#ß JH›ø_È "Œix H›e‹²=ôO_È_È°. P"³° exams ã"Œ‹²=ôO_È^ΰ. P"³° last time D test H÷ appear J~ò =ôO_È^ΰ. EXAMPLES 1. 8. : 94406 16425 NEGATIVE FORM Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~¡° XH› „¬xx Yzó`ÇOQê Z\÷“ „¬i‹²Ö`Ç°•…Õ#¶ KÍ‹²=ôO_È~¡° Jx ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. Ì„á "ŒH›¼=ò•° Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH› „¬xx Yzó`ÇOQê Z\÷“ „¬i‹²Ö`Ç°•…Õ#¶ KÍ‹²=ôO_È~¡° Jx K³„¬C@#° ‹¬¶zOKÇ°KÇ°#ßq. h=ô D book KÇkq=ôO_È=ô. You must not have faced such an experience sofar. 3. 9.

She must not have stolen that article. "Œ~¡° Yzó`OÇ Qê x#ß bill pay KÍ‹= ² ôO_È~°¡ . 20. h=ô Yzó`ÇOQê WO`Ç=~¡ä›½ W@°=O\÷ XH› ㄬ†Ç¶}O KÍ‹²=ôO_È=ô. 1. P"³° P article ^ùOyeOz=ôO_È^ΰ. J`Ç_È° Yzó`ÇOQê WOHê salary draw KÍ‹²=ôO_È_È°. "Œ~¡° Yzó`ÇOQê D course KÍ‹²=ôO_È~¡°. 15. 17. P"³° x#ß „²•Á•#° picnic H÷ „¬O„²=ôO_È^ΰ. You must not have visited such a beautiful place sofar. well yesterday. "Œ~¡° last time J`ÇxH÷ help KÍ‹² =ôO_È~¡°. 416 . h=ô J@°=O\÷ =°Oz programme WO`Ç=~¡ä›½ enjoy KÍ‹²=ôO_È=ô. EXERCISE D "ŒH›D ¼=ò•° …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. 9. : 94406 16425 . . 14. 19. 13. g°~¡° WO`Ç=~¡ä½› W…ìO\÷ party celebrate KÍ‹²=ôO_È~¡°. 16. He must not have written the exam. 2. h=ô Yzó ` Ç O Qê J`Ç x advice follow J~ò=ôO_È=ô. J`Ç_È° x#ß exam ƒìQê ã"Œ‹² =ôO_È_È°. They must not have prepared well for the test. 12. problem J~¡ œ O KÍ ‹ ¬ ° Hùx You must not have understood his problem. 7. 8. He must not have received our message. P"³° "Œix ƒìQê treat KÍ‹²=ôO_È^ΰ. "Œ~¡ ° Yzó ` Ç O Qê x#ß J`Ç x =¶@•° '#q°à=ôO_È~¡°Ñ. 3. J`Ç_°È =°# message JO^ΰHùx=ôO_È_°È . 5.. 14. P"³° Yzó`OÇ Qê "Œix invite KÍ‹= ² ôO_È^°Î . "Œ~¡° last time D place visit KÍ‹= ² ôO_È~°¡ . it becomes power. Z When thought is joined to will. 15. She must not have treated them well. "Œ~¡° test H÷ ‹¬iQê prepare J~ò=ôO_È~°¡ . "ŒH›English ¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. J`Ç_È° Z\÷“„¬i‹²Ö`Ç°•…Õ#¶ "ŒiH÷ •OKÇO K³eÁOz=ôO_È_È°. 13. 11. J`Ç_È° WOHê JH›ø_È䛽 KÍ~¡°Hùx =ôO_È_È°. 6. g°~¡° WO`Ç=~¡ä›½ W@°=O\÷ JO^Î"³°Ø# place visit KÍ‹²=ôO_È~¡°. He must not have paid them a bribe. h=ô Yzó ` Ç O Qê D item taste KÍ‹²=ôO_È=ô. P"³° Yzó`OÇ Qê x#ß JH›ø_Èä½› "³o¤=ôO_È^°Î . g°~¡° WO`Ç=~¡ä›½ W@°=O\÷ JO^Î"³°Ø# ^Î$‰×¼O KǶ‹²=ôO_È~¡°. 11. 4. J`Ç _ È ° x#ß "ŒiH÷ Yzó ` Ç O Qê help KÍ‹²=ôO_È_È°. h=ô J`Ç x =ôO_È=ô. 12. 18. They must not have helped him last time. You must not have enjoyed such a nice programme sofar. 10.

P"³ ° Yzó ` Ç O Qê D q+¬ † Ç ° O "ŒiH÷ K³„²æ=ôO@°O^¥? 5. EXAMPLES 1. "Œ~¡° Yzó`ÇOQê x#ß bank #°O_• amount draw KÍ‹²=ôO\ì~Œ? bill pay U~Œæ@°Á KÍ‹²=ôO\ì~Œ? H÷ J~ò=ôO\ì_¨? Must he have succeeded in his attempt? . : 94406 16425 QUESTION FORM Q®`ÇO…Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò#O^ΰ XH›~¡° XH› „¬xx Yzó`ÇOQê KÍ‹²=ôO^ΰ~¡x x‰×ó†Ç°=ò Qê (`Ç„¬æH› [iy=ôO_È°@#°) Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ° KÇ°O^ΰ=ò. Plural U^³á##° 'Must have' L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. Must she have known this news? "Œ~¡° Yzó`ÇOQê x#ß JH›ø_È meeting 10. J J J J J`Ç_È° x#ß Yzó`ÇOQê salary draw KÍ‹² =ôO\ì_¨? P"³° last week Yzó`ÇOQê Nellore "³o¤=ôO@°O^¥? "Œ~¡° x#ß Yzó`ÇOQê D news `³•°‹¬°Hùx =ôO\ì~Œ? g° brother Yzó`ÇOQê x#ß JH›ø_È "Œix consult J~ò =ôO\ì_¨? D q^•Î=òQê Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=ò #O^ΰ XH›~°¡ XH› „¬xx Yzó`OÇ Qê KÍ‹=² ôO\ì~Œ J#° J~¡œ=ò`Ë definite Qê KÍ‹²†ÇòO_È°@#° Q®°iOz ㄬtßOKÇ°@䛽 "Must have + III form of the Verb" L„¬†³¶yOKÇ=…ÿ#°. 417 Must he have paid the bill yesterday? J`Ç_È° last year Yzó`ÇOQê P course KÍ‹²=ôO\ì_¨? 8. Must they have made the arrangements for the meeting yesterday? J`Ç_°È Yzó`OÇ Qê `Ç# „ ã † ¬ °Ç `ÇßO…Õ success Must she have told them this news? Must they have drawn the amount from the bank yesterday? KÍ ‹ ² Must he have done that course last year? 4.. party H÷ attend Must she have attended the party yesterday? "Œ~¡° last month YzóO`ÇOQê meeting conduct KÍ‹²=ôO\ì~Œ? Must thdy have conducted the meeting last month? J`Ç _ È ° x#ß Yzó ` Ç O Qê camp "³ o ¤ =ôO\ì_¨? Must he have gone on camp yesterday? 6. 3. * Note : "ŒH›¼=ò…Õx Subject Singular. J`Ç _ È ° x#ß Yzó ` Ç O Qê =ôO\ì_¨? 7. P"³° Yzó`ÇOQê D q+¬†Ç°O `³•°‹¬°Hùx =ôO@°O^¥? 9. P"³° x#ß Yzó`ÇOQê P J~ò=ôO@°O^¥? 2.

P"³ ° Yzó ` Ç O Qê =ôO@°O^¥? Must she have examination? 18. "Œ~¡ ° Yzó ` Ç O Qê =ôO\ì~Œ? J~ò exam pass passed the books order KÍ ‹ ² Must they have ordered the books? 19. P"³ ° Yzó ` Ç O Qê "Œi ‹¬ ‚ ¬ ð †Ç ° O HËi =ôO@°O^¥? 9. : 94406 16425 . J`Ç_È° Yzó`ÇOQê x#ß 5. J`Ç_È° Yzó`ÇOQê =°# file verify KÍ‹² =ôO\ì_¨? 2. "Œ~¡° Yzó`ÇOQê x#ß work finish KÍ‹² =ôO\ì~Œ? 4. J`Ç_È° Yzó`ÇOQê ~Œãu JH›ø_È |†Ç°•° ^Íi=ôO\ì_¨? 8. P"³° Yzó`ÇOQê "Œi =ôO@°O^¥? proposal X„¬CHùx Must she have accepted to their proposal? 12. P"³° Yzó`ÇOQê x#ß principal #° consult J~ò=ôO@°O^¥? 6. "ŒH›English ¼=ò•° English …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•. P"³ ° Yzó ` Ç O Qê x#ß "ŒiO\÷ H ÷ "³ o ¤ =ôO@°O^¥? 12. 11. J`Ç_È° Yzó`ÇOQê "ŒiH÷ D q+¬†Ç°O explain KÍ‹²=ôO\ì_¨? 11. "Œ~¡ ° Yzó ` Ç O Qê tickets book KÍ ‹ ² =ôO\ì~Œ? 13. "Œ~¡° Yzó`OÇ Qê last month loan clear KÍ‹² =ôO\ì~Œ? Must they have cleared the loan last month? 16. "Œ~¡° Yzó`ÇOQê x#ß ‡•…ç¾x =ôO\ì~Œ? programme …Õ Must they have participated in the programme yesterday? 13. J`Ç_È° Yzó`ÇOQê D x[O `³•°‹¬°Hùx =ôO\ì_¨? Must he have known this fact? 17. J`Ç_°È x#ß Yzó`OÇ Qê "Œix convince KÍ‹² =ôO\ì_¨? Must he have convinced them yesterday? 14. "Œ~¡° Yzó`ÇOQê x#ß meeting …Õ x~¡â†Ç°O f‹¬°Hùx=ôO\ì~Œ? 7. 1. 418 . P"³ ° Yzó ` Ç O Qê duty …Õ join J~ò=ôO@°O^¥? 3.. "Œ~¡° Yzó`ÇOQê x#ß J`ÇxH÷ money pay KÍ‹²=ôO\ì~Œ? Z Behind an ableman there are always other ablemen. "Œ~¡ ° Yzó ` Ç O Qê orders JO^Î ° Hùx =ôO\ì~Œ? 10. P"³ ° Yzó ` Ç O Qê =ôO@°O^¥? notes prepare KÍ ‹ ² Must she have prepared the notes? 15. . J`Ç_È° Yzó`ÇOQê x#ß Delhi …Õ train JO^ΰHùx=ôO\ì_¨? 14. P"³ ° Yzó ` Ç O Qê D letter KÇ k q =ôO@°O^¥? 15. J`Ç _ È ° Yzó ` Ç O Qê =ôO\ì_¨? promotion ‡ÚOk Must he have got a promotion? 20. P"³ ° Yzó ` Ç O Qê certiicates KÍ‹¬°Hùx =ôO@°O^¥? Must she have certificates? receive received the EXERCISE D "ŒH›D ¼=ò•° …ÕxH÷ translate K͆°Ç O_•.

3. Negative Form 3. Ex : 1. Must he have told them this news? 419 . Ex : 1. 2. 3. Must they have started there yesterday? 4. 4. 2. They must not have seen such a man sofar. You must have known this matter. QUESTION FORM : Q®`OÇ …Õx XH› ‹¬=°†Ç°=