TL 1.

16
Issue 6
18 Jan 08

MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA
Design Allowables Data Sheet

A

Metallic Materials

B

Threaded Fasteners

C

Wire Ropes and Cables

D

Wood

E

Rivets

Issue Status
Iss
No.
1

Date

Change Description

29/06/06 Initial Issue, Metallic Materials Only
Following Sections Added:

2

11/07/06 Threaded Fasteners
Wire Ropes & Cables
Wood

3

07/06/07 Following Section Added: Rivets

Notes on Blind Rivets added.
Following Steels Added:
4

27/06/07

S510
S514
S515
T45

Page 1 of 83

TL 1.16
Issue 6
18 Jan 08

MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA

5

Correction to lb.in to N.mm conversion
01/11/07 factor. Affects bolt and plywood bending
allowables.

6

18/01/08 Notes on 4340 temper levels added

Page 2 of 83

TL 1.16
Issue 6
18 Jan 08

MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA
A

Metallic Materials

IMPORTANT: Guidelines For Use
1. The Design Allowable strengths presented here are taken from
Data Sources acceptable to the LAA.
Within each material designation, considerable variation in
properties may occur, due to the factors listed below. The
values chosen represent the worst case figures from all of
the cases provided by the relevant Data Sources.
As worst case data is provided, it may be possible for any
specific case, to find allowables considerably higher than
those given. Using low allowables will increase the weight
of the item being designed.
If weight-saving is of high importance in the design, then
it is recommended that the user goes directly to the
original Data Sources to obtain higher allowables.
For example, for small modifications or repair schemes, the
weight penalty involved in using these allowable, will be
small, but for a major mod or a completely new airframe
design, the weight penalty may be significant.
2. Where these LAA design allowables are used in a submission
or report to the LAA, the user should include a reference to
this data sheet.
3. All of the figures given are for room temperature
applications only. The user should seek relevant specific
data for elevated temperature applications.
4. For each material designation, a list of heat treatments and
temper conditions is provided. The design allowable given is
the worst case for all of the conditions listed. If the user
has a material condition not listed, the LAA allowable
should not be used, and a relevant specific figure obtained
elsewhere.
5. Yield strengths should be compared with Limit Loads, and
Ultimate strengths should be compared with Ultimate Loads.
6. The Young’s Modulus figures quoted are lowest value. This
will be conservative when using the value to calculate
buckling loads.

Page 3 of 83

TL 1.16
Issue 6
18 Jan 08

MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA
7. The density figures quoted are lowest value. This WILL NOT
be conservative from a weight estimation point of view.
8. Down factored allowables must be used in the heat affected
zone of welded structures. If not given on this data sheet
for the material in question, then the LAA allowable should
not be used and a relevant specific figure obtained
elsewhere.
9. The correct abbreviation for
applicable Data Source, is given.

each

quantity,

in

the

Factors Affecting Design Allowables from Data Sources

Material Shape and Form:- The thickness of a material can
have a large effect on it’s allowable strength. The way
in which it was formed (e.g. rolled or extruded) can also
have an influence.

Anisotropy:- The strength of some metals can vary
dependent on the direction of the applied load, relative
to the crystal structure (i.e. grain) of the metal.

Heat Treatment:- Heat treatment or temper conditions can
have a dramatic effect on the properties of metal alloys.

Statistical Basis:- Design data is generated from large
numbers of physical tests. The more samples tested, the
higher the confidence that can be assigned to the figures
obtained. The statistical basis of the data concerns the
number of samples, and the way in which the resulting
data is manipulated to obtain the design allowable. The
three bases usually quoted are named A, B and S. The LAA
design allowables are the lowest figure of all the bases
quoted in the Data Source.

Page 4 of 83

tempered & stress relieved) AISI 4130 (Quenched & tempered) AISI 4130 Welded allowables AISI 4340 S 96 S 99 S 510 S 514 S 515 T 45 Aluminium Alloys AISI 2014 AISI 2024 AISI 6061 AISI 7075 L 114 L 163 (was L 72) L 168 (was L 65) Page 5 of 83 .TL 1.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Contents Steels AISI 4130 (Normalised.

283 7. Strip.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Steels Material Designation 4130 Data Source Reference Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss H Table 2.TL 1.1.0 3 3 ω Ftu Fty Fsu Fbru Fbry 0. Tempered & StressRelieved Young’s Modulus X 103 ksi E GPa Density Ultimate Tensile Strength Tensile Yield Strength ksi MPa ksi MPa Ultimate Shear Strength ksi Ultimate Bearing Strength ksi Yield Bearing Strength 200 lb/in g/cm MPa MPa ksi MPa 29. Plate & Tubing Heat Treatments and Tempers Normalised.0(C1) Available Forms Sheet.83 90 621 70 483 54 372 190 1310 120 827 Page 6 of 83 .3.

1.3.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Material Designation 4130 Data Source Reference Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss H Table 2.83 125 862 100 689 75 517 194 1338 146 1007 Page 7 of 83 .283 7.0(C2) Available Forms Tubing Heat Treatments and Tempers Quenched & Tempered Young’s Modulus X 103 ksi E GPa Density Ultimate Tensile Strength Tensile Yield Strength lb/in MPa ksi MPa Ultimate Shear Strength ksi Ultimate Bearing Strength ksi Yield Bearing Strength 200 3 g/cm3 ksi MPa MPa ksi MPa 29.0 ω Ftu Fty Fsu Fbru Fbry 0.TL 1.

2.1.1 (a) Available Forms - Heat Treatments and Tempers Ultimate Tensile Strength ksi Ultimate Shear Strength ksi MPa MPa Welded (Heat Affected Zone) No heat treatment after welding.TL 1. 72 Ftu 496 Fsu 43 296 Page 8 of 83 .16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Material Designation 4130 Data Source Reference Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss H Table 8.2.

Forging & Tubing Heat Treatments and Tempers Quenched & Tempered N.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Material Designation 4340 Data Source Reference Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss H Table 2.3. Contact LAA Engineering if using a lower heat treatement or normalised 4340.TL 1.0(f1) Available Forms Bar. Page 9 of 83 .0 E GPa lb/in Density 200 3 g/cm3 ksi Ultimate Tensile Strength MPa ksi Tensile Yield Strength MPa Ultimate Shear Strength ksi Ultimate Bearing Strength ksi MPa MPa ksi Yield Bearing Strength MPa 0.B SEE NOTE BELOW Young’s Modulus X 103 ksi 29.83 260 Ftu 1793 217 Fty 1496 156 Fsu 1076 347 Fbru 2392 312 Fbry 2151 NOTE 4340 can be conditions.283 ω 7. obtained in a variety of heat treatment This reference quotes the HIGHEST only.1.

284 7.6 ρ ft t2 fso 0.86 123 849 99 680 81 560 MPa ksi MPa b10 141 973 Page 10 of 83 .16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Material Designation S 96 Data Source Reference ESDU 00-932 Iss 2. 1988 Available Forms Bars & Forgings Heat Treatments and Tempers Young’s Modulus X 103 ksi E GPa Density Ultimate Tensile Strength Tensile Yield Strength lb/in MPa ksi MPa Ultimate Shear Strength ksi Ultimate Bearing Strength ksi Yield Bearing Strength 204 3 g/cm3 ksi MPa 29.TL 1.

TL 1.284 7.0 ρ ft t2 fso 0.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Material Designation S 99 Data Source Reference ESDU 00-932 Iss 2.86 176 1215 157 1080 112 770 MPa ksi MPa b10 242 1667 Page 11 of 83 . 1988 Available Forms Bars & Forgings Heat Treatments and Tempers Young’s Modulus X 103 ksi E GPa Density Ultimate Tensile Strength Tensile Yield Strength lb/in MPa ksi MPa Ultimate Shear Strength ksi Ultimate Bearing Strength ksi Yield Bearing Strength 200 3 g/cm3 ksi MPa 29.

16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Material Designation S 510 Data Source Reference ESDU 00-932 Iss 2.286 7.TL 1.0 255 fso MPa ksi MPa b10 65. 1988 Available Forms Sheet & Strip Heat Treatments and Tempers Young’s Modulus X 103 ksi E GPa Density Ultimate Tensile Strength Tensile Yield Strength lb/in MPa ksi MPa Ultimate Shear Strength ksi Ultimate Bearing Strength ksi Yield Bearing Strength 207 3 g/cm3 ksi MPa 30.0 448 Page 12 of 83 .0 ρ ft t2 0.4 430 37.92 62.

16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Material Designation S 514 Data Source Reference ESDU 00-932 Iss 2.0 ρ ft t2 0.285 7.7 770 91. 1988 Available Forms Sheet & Strip Heat Treatments and Tempers Young’s Modulus X 103 ksi E GPa Density Ultimate Tensile Strength Tensile Yield Strength lb/in MPa ksi MPa Ultimate Shear Strength ksi Ultimate Bearing Strength ksi Yield Bearing Strength 200 3 g/cm3 ksi MPa 29.89 111.0 945 Page 13 of 83 .3 630 fso MPa ksi MPa b10 137.TL 1.

1988 Available Forms Sheet & Strip Heat Treatments and Tempers Young’s Modulus X 103 ksi E GPa Density Ultimate Tensile Strength Tensile Yield Strength lb/in MPa ksi MPa Ultimate Shear Strength ksi Ultimate Bearing Strength ksi Yield Bearing Strength 200 3 g/cm3 ksi MPa 29.285 7.89 66.0 ρ ft 0.TL 1.7 460 t2 fso MPa ksi MPa b10 Page 14 of 83 .16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Material Designation S 515 Data Source Reference ESDU 00-932 Iss 2.

4 ρ ft t2 0.89 101.1 849 Page 15 of 83 .285 7.TL 1.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Material Designation T 45 Data Source Reference ESDU 00-932 Iss 2.5 700 89.9 620 fso MPa ksi MPa b10 123. 1988 Available Forms Tube Heat Treatments and Tempers Young’s Modulus X 103 ksi E GPa Density Ultimate Tensile Strength Tensile Yield Strength lb/in MPa ksi MPa Ultimate Shear Strength ksi Ultimate Bearing Strength ksi Yield Bearing Strength 196 3 g/cm3 ksi MPa 28.

80 56 386 47 324 35 241 83 572 71 490 Page 16 of 83 . Clad Figures Included.5 ω Ftu Fty Fsu Fbru Fbry 0. Die and Hand Forgings.1. Heat Treatments and Tempers Young’s Modulus X 103 ksi E GPa Density Ultimate Tensile Strength Tensile Yield Strength lb/in MPa ksi MPa Ultimate Shear Strength ksi Ultimate Bearing Strength ksi Yield Bearing Strength 72 3 g/cm3 ksi MPa MPa ksi MPa 10.2.f) Bars.TL 1.c1.0 (b1.101 2. T6510.b2. Data Source Reference Available Forms T6.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Aluminium Alloys Material Designation 2014 Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss H Tables 3. Rods and Shapes.d. drawn or handfinished. rolled. T652 and T62.e. T6511. T651.

0 (b1.3. T351. T62. Bar & Rod.2.TL 1.i2 i3.e4.b3. T36.j2) Sheet. T3510. T361.5 E 66 ω Ftu Fty Fsu Fbru Fbry 0. T81.100 2. T42. T72.e2. T8511. Plate & Drawn Tubing. rolled.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Material Designation 2024 Data Source Reference Available Forms Heat Treatments and Tempers Young’s Modulus X 103 ksi GPa Density lb/in3 g/cm Ultimate Tensile Strength Tensile Yield Strength ksi MPa ksi MPa Ultimate Shear Strength ksi Ultimate Bearing Strength ksi Yield Bearing Strength MPa MPa ksi MPa 3 Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss H Tables 3. e3.77 39 269 29 200 24 165 64 441 36 248 Page 17 of 83 . drawn or cold finished.b2.j1.g. T8510. T3. T4.e1.i1. Extruded Shapes. T3511. T861 9. Clad Figures Included. T6. T851.

e. Sheet.c1. Drawn Tube & Pipe.9 E 68 ω Ftu Fty Fsu Fbru Fbry 0. T451. T4. T651. drawn or cold finished.098 2.6. Rods & Special Shapes.d.b2.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Material Designation 6061 Data Source Reference Available Forms Heat Treatments and Tempers Young’s Modulus X 103 ksi GPa Density lb/in3 g/cm Ultimate Tensile Strength Tensile Yield Strength ksi MPa ksi MPa Ultimate Shear Strength ksi Ultimate Bearing Strength ksi Yield Bearing Strength MPa MPa ksi MPa 3 Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss H Tables 3. Bar & Shapes. T42. rolled.0 (b1. Die & Hand Forgings.TL 1. T652 9. T6511. T6510. T4510. T62.2. Plate.f g). Extruded Rod.71 26 179 12 83 16 110 42 290 22 152 Page 18 of 83 . T4511 T6.

b2.80 56 386 44 303 35 241 84 579 68 469 Page 19 of 83 . Rods & Shapes. T7352.g1.g3. T652. T76510. Bar.3 E 64 ω Ftu Fty Fsu Fbru Fbry 0. T6. T73510.c5.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Material Designation 7075 Data Source Reference Available Forms Heat Treatments and Tempers Young’s Modulus X 103 ksi GPa Density Ultimate Tensile Strength Tensile Yield Strength lb/in3 g/cm3 ksi MPa ksi MPa Ultimate Shear Strength ksi Ultimate Bearing Strength ksi Yield Bearing Strength MPa MPa ksi MPa Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss H Tables 3.e1. T7351.c3. T7651.d. Die & Hand Forgings. T73.f2. T76511 9.g2.b3. T651. T6511. g4) Sheet & Plate.f1. rolled. Extruded Rods.101 2.b4.T6510. T76. T62.4. T73511. Clad Figures Included. drawn or cold finished.c4. Bars and Shapes.TL 1.c1 c2. e2.7.0 (b1.

1988 Available Forms Tube Heat Treatments and Tempers T6 Young’s Modulus X 103 ksi E GPa Density Ultimate Tensile Strength Tensile Yield Strength lb/in MPa ksi MPa Ultimate Shear Strength ksi Ultimate Bearing Strength ksi Yield Bearing Strength 70 3 g/cm3 ksi MPa 10.TL 1.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Material Designation L114 Data Source Reference ESDU 00-932 Iss 2.2 ρ ft t2 0.70 45 310 35 240 fso MPa ksi MPa b10 47 324 Page 20 of 83 .098 2.

1988 Available Forms Clad Sheet & Strip Heat Treatments and Tempers T3 Young’s Modulus X 103 ksi E GPa Density Ultimate Tensile Strength Tensile Yield Strength lb/in MPa ksi MPa Ultimate Shear Strength ksi Ultimate Bearing Strength ksi Yield Bearing Strength 66 3 g/cm3 ksi MPa 9.79 56 385 36 245 fso MPa ksi MPa b10 57 392 Page 21 of 83 .TL 1.101 2.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Material Designation L163 (Previously L72) Data Source Reference ESDU 00-932 Iss 2.6 ρ ft t2 0.

1988 Available Forms Bars & Extruded Sections Heat Treatments and Tempers T6.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Material Designation L168 (previously L65) Data Source Reference ESDU 00-932 Iss 2. T651 Young’s Modulus X 103 ksi E GPa Density Ultimate Tensile Strength Tensile Yield Strength lb/in MPa ksi MPa Ultimate Shear Strength ksi Ultimate Bearing Strength ksi Yield Bearing Strength 72 3 g/cm3 ksi MPa 10.4 ρ ft t2 fso 0.TL 1.80 57 394 51 351 30 209 MPa ksi MPa b10 63 432 Page 22 of 83 .101 2.

16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA B Threaded Fasteners IMPORTANT: Guidelines For Use 1. strengths should be compared with Ultimate 5. The Tensile Strengths given can only be generated with full nuts and heads. Where thin materials are being joined. 2. 4. The Shear Strengths given can only be generated on the plain shank of the bolt.TL 1. the interaction curves given must establish the combined strength of the bolt. The Design Allowable strengths presented here are taken from Data Sources acceptable to the LAA. The user should seek relevant specific data for elevated temperature applications. Where bolts are loaded simultaneously in shear. The thread should not be loaded in shear. they may be used for new design work without weight penalty. the user should include a reference to this data sheet. the pull-through strength of the materials may also be the limiting factor. 6. The bearing and shear-out strength of the materials being joined should also be checked. tension and be used to The interaction curves are calculated using the following equation:x3 y 2 + =1 a3 b2 Where x y a b = = = = Shear load Tension load Allowable pure shear load Allowable pure tension load Page 23 of 83 . 3. Unlike the metallic material properties above. Ultimate Loads. 7. All of the figures given are for room temperature applications only. Where these LAA design allowables are used in a submission or report to the LAA.

TL 1.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Contents Imperial Fasteners AN Bolts High Strength Internal Wrenching Bolts Metric Fasteners TBC Page 24 of 83 .

TL 1.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Imperial Fasteners AN Bolts References: Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss H Analysis & Design of Flight Vehicle Structures Material Properties: Ultimate Tensile Strength Ultimate Shear Strength Modulus of Rupture Ultimate Bolt Dia Tensile Strength E.F. Bruhn >125 ksi (862 MPa) >75 ksi (517 MPa) >180 ksi (1241 MPa) Ultimate Single Shear Strength Ultimate Bending Moment in lb N lb N lb.mm 0.in N.190 (AN3) 2210 9831 2126 9457 121 13673 1/4 (AN4) 4080 18149 3680 16369 276 31188 5/16 (AN5) 6500 28913 5750 25577 539 60907 3/8 (AN6) 10100 44927 8280 36831 932 105316 7/16 (AN7) 13600 60496 11250 50042 1480 167240 1/2 (AN8) 18500 82292 14700 65389 2210 249730 Page 25 of 83 .

16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA AN Bolt Shear-Tension Interaction Curves 20000 AN 3 AN 4 AN 5 AN 6 AN 7 AN 8 Tension Load (lb) (lb) 15000 10000 5000 0 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 Shear Load (lb) Page 26 of 83 .TL 1.

Bruhn >160 ksi (1103 MPa) >95 ksi (655 MPa) Ultimate Single Shear Strength in lb N lb N 1/4 6190 27534 4650 20684 5/16 9820 43682 7300 32472 3/8 15200 67613 10500 46706 7/16 20600 91633 14300 63610 1/2 27400 121881 18650 82959 9/16 34800 154798 23600 104978 Ultimate Bending Moment lb.in N.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA High Strength Internal Wrenching Bolts E.mm Page 27 of 83 .TL 1.g.F. MS 20004 thru MS 20024 MS 21262 MS 24675 thru MS 24678 NAS 563 thru NAS 572 NAS 1223 thru NAS 1235 NAS 1266 thru NAS 1270 References: Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss H Analysis & Design of Flight Vehicle Structures Material Properties: Ultimate Tensile Strength Ultimate Shear Strength Material spec => MIL-B-8831 Ultimate Bolt Dia Tensile Strength E.

TL 1.16
Issue 6
18 Jan 08

MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA
High Strength Internal Wrenching Bolt Shear-Tension
Interaction Curves
40000

35000

Tension Load (lb) (lb)

30000

25000
1/4
5/16
3/8
7/16
1/2
9/16

20000

15000

10000

5000

0
0

5000

10000

15000

20000

25000

Shear Load (lb)

Page 28 of 83

TL 1.16
Issue 6
18 Jan 08

MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA
C

Wire Ropes and Cables

IMPORTANT: Guidelines For Use
1. The Design Allowable strengths presented here are taken
from Data Sources acceptable to the LAA. Unlike the
metallic material properties above, they may be used for
new
design
work
without
weight
penalty.
2. Where these LAA design allowables are used in a
submission or report to the LAA, the user should include
a
reference
to
this
data
sheet.
3. All of the figures given are for room temperature
applications only. The user should seek relevant specific
data
for
elevated
temperature
applications.
4. Ultimate
Loads.

strengths

should

be

compared

with

Ultimate

5. The LAA have adopted the requirements of BCAR CAP 482,
Section S (Small Light Aeroplanes), with respect to the
load capabilities of Steel Wire Ropes & Cables.
i.e.
“An ultimate factor of safety of 2.0 on nominal cable
strength must be applied to cables used for structural
applications and for all primary control systems.”

Page 29 of 83

TL 1.16
Issue 6
18 Jan 08

MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA
Contents
Flexible Cables
Mil-W-83420 Type A
Mil-W-83420 Type B
Mil-C-18375
Non-flexible Cables
Mil-W-87161

Page 30 of 83

TL 1.16
Issue 6
18 Jan 08

MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA
Flexible Cables
Reference:

Wire
Rope
Cable
Nominal
Dia.
(in)
1/32
3/64
1/16
1/16
3/32
3/32
1/8
5/32
3/16
7/32
1/4
9/32
5/16
11/32
3/8
7/16
1/2
9/16
5/8
3/4
7/8
1
1-1/8
1-1/4
1-3/8
1-1/2

Construction

AC 43.13-1B
Acceptable Methods, Techniques
Practices – Aircraft Inspection and Repair.
FAA.
September 8, 1998

3x7
7x7
7x7
7x19
7x7
7x19
7x19
7x19
7x19
7x19
7x19
7x19
7x19
7x19
7x19
6x19IWRC
6x19IWRC
6x19IWRC
6x19IWRC
6x19IWRC
6x19IWRC
6x19IWRC
6x19IWRC
6x19IWRC
6x19IWRC
6x19IWRC

and

Minimum Breaking Strength

MIL-W-83420
Type A

MIL-W-83420
Type B

MIL-C-18375

(lb)

(N)

(lb)

(N)

(lb)

(N)

110

489

110

489

270

1201

270

1201

480

2135

480

2135

360

1601

480

2135

480

2135

920

4092

920

4092

700

3114

1000

4448

920

4092

2000

8896

1760

7829

1300

5783

2800

12455

2400

10676

2000

8896

4200

18683

3700

16458

2900

12900

5600

24910

5000

22241

3800

16903

7000

31138

6400

28469

4900

21796

8000

35586

7800

34696

6100

27134

9800

43593

9000

40034

7600

33806

12500

55603

14400

64054

12000

53379

11000

48930

17600

78289

16300

72506

14900

66279

22800

101419

22800

101419

19300

85851

28500

126774

28500

126774

24300

108092

35000

155688

35000

155688

30100

133891

49600

220632

49600

220632

42900

190829

66500

295807

66500

295807

58000

257997

85400

379878

85400

379878

75200

334506

106400

473291

106400

473291

129400

575600

129400

575600

153600
180500

683247

153600
180500

802904

802904

683247

Page 31 of 83

Techniques Practices – Aircraft Inspection and Repair. September 8.13-1B Acceptable Methods. (in) 1/32 3/64 3/64 1/16 1/16 5/64 3/32 7/64 1/8 5/32 3/16 7/32 1/4 5/16 3/8 Construction AC 43. FAA.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Non-Flexible Cables Reference: Wire Rope Cable Nominal Dia. 1998 1x7 1x7 1x19 1x7 1x19 1x19 1x19 1x19 1x19 1x19 1x19 1x19 1x19 1x19 1x19 and Minimum Breaking Strength MIL-W-87161 Types A&B (lb) (N) 185 823 375 1668 375 1668 500 2224 500 2224 800 3559 1200 5338 1600 7117 2100 9341 3300 14679 4700 20907 6300 28024 8200 36475 12500 17500 55603 (lb) (N) (lb) (N) 77844 Page 32 of 83 .TL 1.

The Modulus of Rupture in bending should only be used directly as given in the table for solid rectangular cross-section wooden beams. This is a data source acceptable to the LAA.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA D Wood IMPORTANT: Guidelines For Use 1. Page 33 of 83 . described in the above reference. 4. 5. Ultimate strengths should be compared with Ultimate Loads. Unlike the metallic material properties above. 7. For new design and major modifications and repair. the user should include a reference to this data sheet.TL 1. 3. June 1951. The Design Allowable strengths presented here are taken from ANC-18 Design of Wood Aircraft Structures. All of the figures given are for room temperature applications only. For aircraft used in tropical wet or dry climates. Where these LAA design allowables are used in a submission or report to the LAA. See ANC18 for form factor equations and tables. The basic material properties are given at 15% moisture content and are for use with aircraft for use in temperate climates. Department of Defense. the user is strongly advised to familiarise themselves with the analysis techniques for wooden structures. 8. from the U. The 45 degree in-plane shear strength of plywood is dependent on whether the face grain is in tension or compression. they may be used for new design work without weight penalty.S. 2. Interaction curves are given in ANC-18 for wooden spars in combined bending and compression. Proportional Limit Stresses (where available) should be compared with Limit Loads 6. For other cross-sections a form factor must be applied to the figure given. the user should seek other relevant data. The lower of the two values is used here. The user should seek relevant specific data for elevated temperature applications.

TL 1.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Contents Solid Wood Sitka Spruce Douglas Fir Ply Birch-Birch Page 34 of 83 .

7 Modulus of Rupture 9400 64.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Solid Wood Sitka Spruce Bending Shear Compression Tension Species of Wood Douglas Fir (Normal) psi MPa psi MPa Ultimate Strength (Parallel To Grain) 9400 64.5 5900 40.2 140 1.0 Ultimate Strength (Parallel To Grain) 990 6.6 Ultimate Strength (90 Deg To Grain) 740 5.8 950 6.8 10900 75.2 Page 35 of 83 .TL 1.2 Ultimate Strength (90 Deg To Grain) 170 1.4 5600 38.1 Ultimate Strength (Parallel To Grain) 4700 32.6 Proportional Limit Stress 5300 36.3 4220 29.0 Proportional Limit Stress (Parallel To Grain) 3530 24.1 1020 7.8 10900 75.

6 16.2 Parallel to Face Grain 0.5 26.030 0.5 13.1 51.5 101.1 49.26 64.011 0.8 90 deg to Face Grain Psi 5030 6470 6040 7080 7550 7590 MPa 34.838 5.1 89.38 N.011 0.1 23.7 19.6 48.mm** 11.17 22.095 Psi 10070 8630 9060 8020 7550 7510 MPa 69.5 14.6 41.3 Parallel to Face Grain Psi 4430 3840 4020 3590 3400 3380 MPa 30.7 24.9 60.08 30.155 0.78 32.4 286.3 90 deg to Face Grain Lb.243 1.638 11.1 201.88 10.5 16.3 134.125 0.2 20.in* N.4 23.7 41.035 0.906 90 deg to Face Grain Lb.8 23.034 0.in* N.020 0.53 9.1 6.14 45.6 0.3 52.426 13.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Plywood Ultimate Proportional Limit Proportional Limit Bending Ultimate Compression Ultimate Tensile Strength Veneer Thickness (in) Birch – Birch 3 Ply Nominal Thickness (in) 0.5 55.015 18.5 25.031 5.030 0.040 0.544 9.5 Parallel to Face Grain Psi 3130 2710 2840 2540 2400 2390 MPa 21.4 13.0 21.in* 4.3 143.7 Parallel to Face Grain Lb.040 0.1 52.060 0.8 12.5 62.2 22.047 Core 0.185 Face & Back 0.7 45.8 44.0 83.5 16.728 26.6 18.3 19.6 17.8 52.5 27.5 15.mm** 19.69 20.11 15.27 4.070 0.100 0.mm** 1.3 119.6 Page 36 of 83 .6 Parallel to Face Grain Lb.in* 2.3 90 deg to Face Grain Psi 2350 2950 2780 3200 3400 3410 MPa 16.526 2.TL 1.4 23.4 59.080 0.mm** 2.5 90 deg to Face Grain Psi 1670 2090 1960 2260 2400 2410 MPa 11.3 43.542 24.562 3.5 16.0 67.33 N.

16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA * ** Per inch width Per mm width Page 37 of 83 .TL 1.

100 0.TL 1.6 17.5 21.2 18.4 Page 38 of 83 .185 2840 2490 2020 1800 1630 1510 19.3 20.9 19.035 0/90 Psi deg MPa +/Psi 45 MPa deg Nominal Thickness (in) 0.2 13.155 0.9 12.070 0.2 10.125 0.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Birch – Birch 3 Ply Shear 0.4 2300 2790 2660 2970 3100 3100 15.4 21.4 11.

09 50.3 22.84 102.040 0.8 204.4 90 deg to Face Grain Psi 6500 7390 7880 7130 7550 7360 MPa 44.8 343.0 54.7 253.4 23.97 91.3 156.080 Psi 8600 7710 7220 7070 7550 7740 MPa 59.1 53.030 0.9 17.9 22.in* 42.5 24.0 682.48 82.0 129.1 178.9 Page 39 of 83 .4 22.8 15.6 16.030 0.28 163.in* 22.3 53.030 0.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Ultimate Proportional Limit Proportional Limit Bending Ultimate Compression Ultimate Tensile Strength Veneer Thickness (in) Birch – Birch 5 Ply Nominal Thickness (in) 0.6 Parallel to Face Grain Lb.5 16.43 N.mm** Lb.060 Cross Bands 0.48 153.41 57.8 48.9 407.375 Face & Back 0.9 Parallel to Face Grain Psi 2700 2440 2300 2520 2400 2450 MPa 18.9 90 deg to Face Grain Psi 2090 2350 2490 2280 2400 2340 MPa 14.060 0.mm** 78.17 207.047 0.47 17.18 46.2 17.4 21.5 129.8 355.37 29.8 51.047 0.060 0.047 0.160 0.97 N.0 725.2 49.in* 21.TL 1.0 24.6 23.034 0.04 77.315 0.5 16.4 16.3 465.1 Parallel to Face Grain Lb.3 49.080 0.060 0.04 79.mm** 189.7 11.68 95.9 90 deg to Face Grain Psi 2960 3330 3530 3230 3400 3320 MPa 20.2 15.9 925.8 229.6 112.0 365.2 52.in* N.mm** 101.095 Core 0.030 0.64 57.78 35.1 50.7 Parallel to Face Grain Psi 3830 3460 3260 3570 3400 3180 MPa 26.4 23.2 90 deg to Face Grain Lb.7 16.22 51.034 0.18 51.7 52.225 0.2 455.12 104.3 23.5 Parallel to Face Grain 90 deg to Face Grain N.01 40.3 257.250 0.66 25.4 16.46 29.1 224.040 0.190 0.

TL 1.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA * ** Per inch width Per mm width Page 40 of 83 .

4 21.250 0.3 21.8 14.315 0.2 10.6 21.4 11.0 12.190 0.TL 1.3 13.0 Page 41 of 83 .375 2290 2070 1890 1800 1620 1500 15.9 20.1 21.3 2800 3060 3170 2990 3100 3050 19.225 0.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Birch – Birch 5 Ply Shear 0.160 0/90 Psi deg MPa +/Psi 45 MPa deg Nominal Thickness (in) 0.

if the applied shear load does not pass through the centroid of the group. All of the figures given are for room temperature applications only. (>= 1. Yield is defined as a joint permanent set of 0. Page 42 of 83 .TL 1. All joints are assumed to be rigid and no rotation about a single rivet is allowed.4 x dia for 7050 rivets) Head Height >= 0.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA E Rivets IMPORTANT: Guidelines For Use The Design Allowable strengths presented here are taken from Data Sources acceptable to the LAA.04 x rivet diameter.3 x shank dia. Yield strengths should be compared with Limit Loads. For Protruding Head Solid Rivets: The lower of the rivet allowable shear strength and the sheet material allowable bearing strength should be used as the joint allowable strength. Joint allowables assume an edge distance of at least 2 x rivet diameter. the user should include a reference to this data sheet. When calculating shears in a rivet group. then the shear required to counter this induced torque must also be considered. The user should seek relevant specific data for elevated temperature applications. For solid rivets: The following upset dimensions are assumed:Diameter >= 1.3 x shank dia. Strengths are provided in metric and imperial units. and Ultimate strengths should be compared with Ultimate Loads. Where these LAA design allowables are used in a submission or report to the LAA.

Note that different allowables are obtained. For t/D < 0.TL 1. For actual sheet materials. Page 43 of 83 . in the tables is that of the When the non-countersunk sheet is thinner than the countersunk sheet. bearing strength data is .18 strength The bearing strength data is provided for a nominal sheet material with an allowable bearing stress of 100 ksi. Sheet material allowable provided for t/D >= 0. and the lower of the two values used. rivet allowable single shear strengths is Rivet allowable shear strengths need to be modified where the rivet is subject to high bearing stresses as a result of being set in thin sheet material. Thin sheet is defined as follows:Single Shear Joints Double Shear Joints t/D < 0.18 tests should be performed. multiply the table strength figure by:actual material bearing strength in ksi 100 For Flush Head Solid Rivets: A table is provided for each rivet/sheet combination with the lowest of the bearing or shear allowable quoted for each rivet size. This should then be compared with the countersunk sheet allowable from the table.33 t/D < 0. In the dimpled joints.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA A table of provided.67 A table of shear strength correction factors is provided. based on whether the joint is machine countersunk or dimpled. the dimpling can carry some of the shear load. The sheet gauge quoted countersunk sheet. the allowable bearing strength for it should be calculated (as per a protruding rivet case ).

“average” or similar data. Tables of allowable ultimate strengths are provided for solid rivets in applications similar to those above. the allowables should be reduced by 75% Combined shear and tensile loads should be assessed using the following interaction formula. seeing aerodynamic suction forces. incidental to their shear carrying function. If load reversal is present. The following applications are carrying incidental tensile loads:- examples of rivets Skin joints to ribs and frames. to provide a significant sample of properties here. Rivets may be used to carry small tensile loads. In the event of doubt over the suitability of design data. The allowables provided assume no load reversal in the joint.TL 1. Rivets in Tension: As a general rule it is unacceptable design practice to use rivets as primarily tensile fasteners. Attachment of pressurised skins. the manufacturer may be able to supply appropriate data. care should be taken to source associated design strengths. For aerospace specification fasteners. Attachment of panels that operate in a post-buckled condition. however beware of “typical”. When any type of fastener is used. please consult LAA Engineering.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Blind Rivets: There are too many different types of blind rivet and similar fastener. Commercial fasteners should be avoided wherever possible. In some cases it may be necessary to generate a strength test programme to obtain design strengths of a suitable confidence level. as it is even less likely that appropriate data will be available. Page 44 of 83 . as this will not represent worst case conservative data.

Page 45 of 83 .TL 1.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Rt 2 + R s 2 = 1 Redundancy should be provided in riveted joints. so that at least 1 rivet may be considered to have failed (due to improper installation) without the joint strengths being exceeded by limit or ultimate loads.

TL 1.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Contents Solid Rivets Protruding Head Rivet Single Shear Strengths Rivet Designations and Material Shear Strengths Shear Strength Correction Factors for Thin Sheets Bearing Strength of Sheet on Rivets Flush Head 100 deg Head In Dimpled Al Sheet MS20426AD MS20426D MS20426DD In Machine Countersunk Al Sheet MS20426AD MS20426D MS20426DD NAS1097-E MS20426E 120 deg Shear Head In Dimpled Al Sheet In Machine Countersunk Al Sheet BRFS-D BRFS-AD BRFS-DD MS14218E MS14218AD 120 deg Tension Head In Machine Countersunk Al Sheet MS14219E Page 46 of 83 .

TL 1.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Tensile Behaviour of Solid Rivets Protruding Head AN470. AN442 Flush Head 100 deg Head In Dimpled Al Sheet AN 426 In Machine Countersunk Al Sheet AN 426 Blind Rivets Page 47 of 83 .

1.2 (b) Rivet Designation B AD D DD E (or KE in NAS Spec’n) M T - Rivet Size (in) 1/16 99 106 134 145 152 3/32 203 217 275 297 311 1/8 363 389 493 532 558 5/32 556 596 755 814 854 3/16 802 860 1085 1175 1230 1/4 1450 1555 1970 2125 2230 5/16 2290 2455 3115 3360 3520 3/8 3275 3510 4445 4795 5030 183 187 317 376 384 651 674 687 1165 1030 1050 1785 1490 1515 2575 2695 2745 4665 4260 4340 7375 6085 6200 10500 Single Shear Strength (N) Data Source Reference:. H.TL 1.Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Solid Rivets Protruding Head Rivets Single Shear Strength (lb) Data Source Reference:. Table 8. Table 8. H.1.Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss.2 (b) Rivet Designation B AD D DD E (or KE in NAS Spec’n) M T - Rivet Size (in) 1/16 446 471 596 645 676 3/32 903 966 1224 1322 1384 1/8 1616 1732 2195 2369 2484 5/32 2476 2653 3361 3625 3803 3/16 3571 3829 4831 5232 5477 1/4 6457 6924 8773 9463 9931 5/16 10198 10933 13873 14964 15676 3/8 14585 15632 19796 21355 22402 815 832 1411 1674 1709 2800 3000 3058 5188 4587 4676 7949 6635 12002 18972 27100 6747 12225 19328 27613 11467 20776 32845 46764 Page 48 of 83 .

1. BBasis) (ksi) (MPa) 28 193 30 206 38 262 41 282 43 296 52 53 90 358 365 620 Page 49 of 83 .2 (b) Rivet Designation B AD D DD E (or KE in NAS Spec’n) M T - Rivet Material Undriven 5056-H32 2117-T4 2017-T4 2024-T4 7050-T73 After Driving 5056-H321 2117-T3 2017-T4 2024-T31 7050-T731 Monel Ti-45Cb A-286 Monel Ti-45Cb A-286 Material Shear Strength (Driven Condition.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Data Source Reference:. Table 8.Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss.TL 1. H.

000 - 1/4 0.966 0.518 0.560 0.995 1.953 0.891 0.545 0.000 - 3/32 0.687 0.018 0.814 0.912 0.585 0.016 0.870 0.025 0.050 0.933 0.969 0.125 Rivet Dia (in) 1/16 0.872 0.Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss.The sheet thickness is that of the thinnest sheet for single shear joints and the middle sheet of double shear joints.924 0.000 - 3/32 0.789 0.909 0.995 1.924 0.941 0.737 0. Table 8.020 0.920 0.870 3/8 0.518 0.125 Rivet Dia (in) 1/16 0.964 0.852 0.870 0.964 0.995 1.995 1.857 0.018 0.090 0.080 0.045 0.708 0.000 5/16 0.981 0.972 1.935 Page 50 of 83 .063 0.040 0.941 0.961 0.995 1.870 0.992 1.000 3/8 0.789 0.964 0.951 1.036 0.040 0.912 0.744 0.679 0.071 0.1 (b) Sheet Thickness (in) 0.000 - 5/32 0.585 0.744 0.100 0.981 0.2.063 0.1.000 - 5/32 0.071 0.970 1.032 0.834 0. Single Shear Correction Factors Data Source Reference:.834 0.744 0.545 0.970 1.020 0.808 0.016 0.981 0.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Rivet Shear Strength Correction Factor for Thin Sheet Materials Note:.080 0.708 0.653 0.944 0.981 0.000 - 3/16 0.653 0.789 0.937 0.925 0.687 0.000 - 1/8 0.805 Double Shear Correction Factors Sheet Thickness (in) 0.922 0.025 0.920 0.508 0.992 1.036 0.687 0.090 0. H.946 0.969 0.032 0.953 0.909 0.550 0.951 1.000 - 5/16 0.992 1.933 0.964 0.050 0.891 0.687 0.000 - 1/8 0.708 0.630 0.585 0.000 3/16 0.789 0.979 0.933 0.789 0.100 0.000 1/4 0.045 0.744 0.622 0.TL 1.

(689 MPa) Sheet Thickness (in) 0.2.2.045 0.032 0.160 0.020 0.941 0.Sheet material has a nominal bearing strength of 100 ksi. (689 MPa) Sheet Thickness (in) 0.Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss.000 Notes:.050 0.016 0.000 Bearing Strength of Sheet on Rivets (lb) 0.016 0.000 0.045 0.250 - - 0.100 0.1.063 0.981 1.125 0.939 1.1 (a) 1/16 80 107 121 134 168 214 241 268 302 335 422 476 536 603 670 838 1072 1273 1670 3/32 173 192 240 307 346 384 432 480 605 682 768 864 960 1200 1536 1824 2400 1/8 321 411 462 514 578 642 810 912 1028 1156 1285 1606 2056 2442 3210 5/32 509 572 636 716 795 1002 1129 1272 1431 1590 1988 2544 3021 3975 3/16 688 764 860 955 1203 1356 1528 1719 1910 2388 3056 3629 4775 1/4 1285 1619 1825 2056 2313 2570 3212 4112 4883 6425 5/16 2035 2293 2584 2907 3230 4038 5168 6137 8075 3/8 2741 3088 3474 3860 4825 6176 7334 9650 Bearing Strength of Sheet on Rivets (N) Notes:.090 0.080 Rivet Dia (in) Data Source Reference:. H.012 0.025 0.040 0. Table 8.190 0.032 0.018 0.TL 1.018 0.012 0.036 0.190 0.1.250 Rivet Dia (in) Data Source Reference:.040 0.Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss.080 0. Table 8. H.025 0.1 (a) 1/16 356 476 538 596 747 952 1072 1192 1343 1490 1877 2117 2384 3/32 770 854 1068 1366 1539 1708 1922 2135 2691 3034 3416 1/8 1428 1828 2055 2286 2571 2856 3603 4057 4573 5/32 2264 2544 2829 3185 3536 4457 5022 5658 3/16 3060 3398 3825 4248 5351 6032 6797 1/4 5716 7202 8118 9146 5/16 9052 10200 11494 3/8 12193 13736 Page 51 of 83 .063 0.020 0.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA 0.891 0.992 1.050 0.071 0.036 0.160 0.Sheet material has a nominal bearing strength of 100 ksi.071 0.

160 0.250 2682 2980 3728 4768 5663 7429 3843 4270 5338 6832 8114 10676 5142 5716 7144 9146 10863 14279 6365 7073 8843 11316 13438 17682 7646 8496 10622 13594 16143 21240 10289 11432 14288 18291 21721 28580 12931 14368 17962 22988 27299 35919 15453 17170 21463 27472 32623 42925 Page 52 of 83 .125 0.090 0.100 0.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA 0.TL 1.190 0.

025 0.TL 1.040 0. lb 324 512 430 512 644 644 757 - 2024-T3 2024-T42 Sheet Thickness (in) Sheet Thickness (in) Rivet Dia (in) 177 209 217 217 217 217 217 MS20426AD 2024-T3 2024-T62 2024-T42 2024-T81 5/32 3/16 462 596 596 596 596 725 862 862 862 410 525 - 640 782 - 257 315 367 - MS20426AD 2024-T62 2024-T81 2024-T86 7075-T6 3/16 5/32 3/16 Ultimate Strength.032 0. N 1441 2277 1913 2277 1726 2651 3834 1143 1401 1632 1824 2335 2847 Page 53 of 83 .025 0.020 0.040 0.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Flush Head 100 deg Heads Dimpled Al Sheet Data Source Reference:. H.020 0.1.2.050 Rivet Shear Strength 787 930 965 965 965 965 1330 1601 1726 1726 1726 2108 2527 2651 2651 965 1726 2651 685 818 930 - 1143 1401 1632 1441 1913 0.016 0.025 0.050 Sheet Thickness (in) Rivet Shear Strength 0. Table 8.050 Rivet Type Sheet Material 154 184 209 - 299 360 388 388 388 388 257 315 367 - 2024-T3 2024-T42 2024-T62 2024-T81 3/32 1/8 5/32 474 568 596 596 596 324 430 506 - 5/32 0.032 0.032 2024-T86 7075-T6 3/16 5/32 3/16 1/8 Ultimate Strength.016 0.020 0.2 (c) Rivet Type Sheet Material 2024-T3 2024-T42 2024-T62 2024-T81 3/32 1/8 Sheet Thickness (in) Rivet Dia (in) 0. N 2055 3212 2651 3225 3732 2651 3834 3834 2651 3834 1/8 5/32 3/16 1343 1704 1726 1726 1726 2055 2651 2651 2651 3225 3834 3834 3834 2651 3834 Yield Strength.016 0.020 0. lb 302 462 383 722 596 725 388 839 596 862 388 862 596 862 388 862 596 862 388 Yield Strength.016 0.040 0.025 0.Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss.032 0.

050 - - 2251 - 2865 3367 - 2865 - - - 3479 - Page 54 of 83 .16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA 0.TL 1.040 0.

071 0.063 0.050 0.040 0.025 0.025 0.080 Rivet Shear Strength 1864 2669 3283 3358 3358 3358 3358 3029 4026 4849 4849 4849 4849 3759 5925 7540 8243 8763 3358 4849 8763 1495 2148 2620 3029 2429 3247 3950 3759 5280 0. N 2358 2989 3656 3358 4448 4929 3358 4849 6708 3358 4849 8020 3358 4849 8585 3358 4849 8763 3358 4849 8763 Yield Strength.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Data Source Reference:.2 (d) Rivet Type Sheet Material Sheet Thickness (in) Rivet Dia (in) 0.032 0.1.063 0.080 Sheet Thickness (in) Rivet Shear Strength 0.025 0.032 0.063 0.050 0.050 Yield Strength.2.050 0.032 0. lb 530 419 672 822 600 681 755 1000 1108 738 905 1108 755 1090 1508 755 1090 1508 755 1090 1803 755 1090 1803 755 1090 1930 755 1090 1930 755 1090 1970 755 1090 1970 755 1090 1970 755 1090 1970 5/32 2024-T86 7075-T6 3/16 1/4 Ultimate Strength.025 0.Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss. H.071 0.040 0.071 0.040 0.032 0. lb 450 581 675 705 978 867 1508 1007 1803 1930 1970 336 483 589 681 - 546 730 888 - 845 1187 1415 1656 1870 MS20426D Sheet Thickness Sheet Thickness (in) Rivet Type Sheet Material Rivet Dia (in) 2024-T3 2024-T42 5/32 3/16 1/4 MS20426D 2024-T86 2024-T62 7075-T6 2024-T81 5/32 3/16 1/4 5/32 3/16 ¼ Ultimate Strength.040 0.080 419 600 738 755 755 755 755 755 681 905 1090 1090 1090 1090 1090 336 483 589 681 - 546 730 888 - 845 1332 1695 1853 1970 1970 845 1187 1415 1656 1870 5/32 2024-T3 2024-T42 3/16 1/4 0. Table 8. N 2002 2584 3003 3136 4350 3857 6708 5/32 2024-T62 2024-T81 3/16 ¼ 1864 2669 3283 3358 3358 3358 3358 3029 4026 4849 4849 4849 4849 4929 6708 8020 8585 8763 3358 4849 8763 1495 2148 2620 3029 2429 3247 3950 3759 5280 Page 55 of 83 .TL 1.

16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA 0.063 0.080 - - 6294 7366 8318 - 4479 - 8020 8585 8763 - - Page 56 of 83 6294 7366 8318 .071 0.TL 1.

071 0.080 0. N 2887 3630 4279 4275 5818 4751 6957 7611 2024-T86 7075-T6 3/16 ¼ 2024-T86 7075-T6 3/16 ¼ 3496 4368 5124 5227 5227 5227 5227 5783 7584 8941 9452 9452 9452 5227 9452 3496 4368 5124 5227 - 4350 6864 8710 9452 Page 57 of 83 .040 0.040 0. lb 649 816 962 961 1308 1068 1564 1711 - 582 666 738 925 - 786 982 1152 1175 - 978 1543 1958 2125 - 2024-T3 2024-T42 3/16 1/4 0.063 0. N 3496 4368 5783 5124 7584 5227 8941 5227 9452 5227 9452 5227 9452 5227 9452 Yield Strength.063 0.090 Rivet Type Sheet Material 744 941 1110 1175 1175 1175 1175 1175 786 982 1152 1175 1175 1175 1175 1175 1300 1705 2010 2125 2125 2125 2125 879 1308 1564 1711 1928 2121 Yield Strength.2.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Data Source Reference:.032 0. H.032 0. lb 786 982 1300 1152 1705 1175 2010 1175 2125 1175 2125 1175 2125 1175 2125 2024-T3 2024-T42 3/16 1/4 2589 2963 3283 4115 - 3910 5818 6957 7611 0.050 0.090 Sheet Thickness (in) Rivet Shear Strength 0.090 Rivet Shear Strength 3309 4186 4938 5227 5227 5227 5227 3910 6045 7682 8376 9008 9452 5227 9452 Sheet Thickness (in) Sheet Thickness (in) Rivet Dia (in) 879 1359 1727 1883 2025 2125 2125 MS20426DD 2024-T62 2024-T81 3/16 1/4 Ultimate Strength. Table 8.040 0.080 0.071 MS20426DD 2024-T62 2024-T81 3/16 1/4 Ultimate Strength.1.Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss.032 0.063 0.032 0.040 0.050 0.TL 1.050 0.2 (e) Rivet Type Sheet Material Sheet Thickness (in) Rivet Dia (in) 0.071 0.071 0.080 0.050 0.063 0.

16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA 0.TL 1.080 0.090 - 8576 9435 - - - - Page 58 of 83 .

lb -345 471 401 515 538 481 557 616 562 623 685 633 746 745 854 836 1018 - 861 1017 1313 1574 1753 614 669 761 842 913 1021 - 1053 1115 1357 1694 1925 Material in knife edge condition:.160 0.Not recommended Page 59 of 83 .2 (f) Sheet Thickness (in) Rivet Type Sheet Material Rivet Dia (in) 3/32 1/8 5/32 0.071 0.100 0.125 0.071 0. Table 8.125 0.TL 1.2. H.100 0.040 0.090 0.032 0.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Flush Head 100 deg Heads Machine Countersunk Al Sheet Data Source Reference:.080 0.190 178 193 206 216 216 216 216 216 216 216 216 217 309 340 363 373 373 373 373 373 373 373 388 479 523 542 560 575 575 575 575 575 596 0.090 0.040 0.160 0.1.050 0.Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss.050 0.190 132 153 188 213 - 231 261 321 348 - 321 402 453 498 537 - Rivet Shear Strength Sheet Thickness (in) MS20426AD MS20426DD MS20426D Clad 2024-T42 3/16 5/32 3/16 1/4 3/16 ¼ Ultimate Strength. lb 580 705 657 859 886 739 690 917 942 769 720 969 992 795 746 1015 1552 1035 1647 818 746 1054 1640 1073 1738 853 746 1090 1773 1131 1877 746 1090 1891 1131 2000 746 1090 1970 1131 2084 862 755 1090 1970 1175 2125 Yield Strength.032 0.063 0.063 0.080 0.

040 0. N 1535 2095 1784 2291 2393 2140 2478 2740 2500 2771 3047 2816 3318 3314 3799 3719 4528 - 1/4 MS20426DD 3/16 ¼ 6904 7295 7887 8412 8763 3941 4190 4413 4604 4773 5031 5031 5031 7326 7731 8349 8896 9270 8763 5227 9452 3830 4524 5841 7002 7798 2731 2976 3385 3745 4061 4542 - 4684 4960 6036 7535 8563 Material in knife edge condition:.032 0.080 0.032 0.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Flush Head 100 deg Heads Machine Countersunk Al Sheet Data Source Reference:.125 0.2. N 2580 3136 2922 3821 3287 3069 4079 3421 3203 4310 3536 3318 4515 3639 3318 4688 3794 3318 4849 3318 4849 3318 4849 3834 3358 4849 Yield Strength.100 0.063 0.2 (f) Sheet Thickness (in) Rivet Type Sheet Material Rivet Dia 3/32 (in) 0.090 0.190 Sheet Thickness (in) Rivet Shear Strength 0.160 0.071 0. H.TL 1.080 0.063 0.125 0.Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss.040 0.050 0. Table 8.090 0.071 0.050 0.Not recommended Page 60 of 83 .160 0.190 MS20426AD 1/8 5/32 792 859 916 961 961 961 961 961 961 961 961 1375 1512 1615 1659 1659 1659 1659 1659 1659 1659 2131 2326 2411 2491 2558 2558 2558 2558 2558 965 1726 2651 587 681 836 947 - 1028 1161 1428 1548 - 1428 1788 2015 2215 2389 - MS20426D Clad 2024-T42 3/16 5/32 3/16 Ultimate Strength.100 0.1.

040 0.100 0.160 0.032 0.071 0.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Flush Head 100 deg Heads Machine Countersunk Al Sheet Data Source Reference:.250 192 283 349 398 462 497 507 521 531 - Rivet Shear Strength Sheet Thickness (in) NAS1097-E Clad 2024-T3 Clad 7075-T6 5/32 3/16 1/4 1/8 5/32 3/16 Ultimate Strength. Table 8.032 0.050 0.160 0.250 227 326 437 466 485 497 507 521 531 531 531 531 531 531 0.025 0.071 0.025 0. lb 278 367 354 441 505 561 439 547 661 679 773 908 456 674 823 717 1005 1275 477 700 980 731 1025 1500 490 716 999 747 1045 1750 505 734 1020 765 1065 1840 520 754 1045 781 1085 1870 531 774 1070 814 1135 1935 531 814 1130 814 1175 2030 531 814 1175 814 1175 2110 531 814 1175 814 1175 2125 531 814 1175 814 1175 2125 531 814 1175 311 439 538 617 665 720 765 781 814 - 479 674 799 857 921 995 1065 1135 1175 - Yield Strength.090 0.190 0.190 0.TL 1.2.125 0. H.Not recommended Page 61 of 83 .2 (n) Sheet Thickness (in) Rivet Type Sheet Material Rivet Dia (in) 1/8 0.Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss.090 0.1.063 0.100 0. lb 222 307 372 767 398 1105 431 1310 451 1400 474 1500 499 1595 525 1835 2030 2110 2125 - 356 475 572 612 638 666 698 729 808 - 542 724 836 867 900 938 976 1070 1175 - 1/4 1120 1330 1570 1760 1790 1825 1905 2020 2115 2125 2125 894 1205 1400 1490 1540 1595 1720 1895 2050 2125 Material in knife edge condition:.080 0.080 0.040 0.050 0.063 0.125 0.

Table 8.032 0.TL 1.Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss.250 Rivet Shear Strength Clad 7075-T6 1/4 1/8 Ultimate Strength.2.250 854 1259 1552 1770 2055 2211 2255 2318 2362 - 1383 1953 2393 2745 2958 3203 3403 3474 3621 - 2131 2998 3554 3812 4097 4426 4737 5049 5227 - Sheet Thickness (in) Sheet Thickness (in) 0.125 0.160 0.090 0.1.160 0.040 0.100 0.050 0.090 0.050 0.190 0.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Flush Head 100 deg Heads Machine Countersunk Al Sheet Data Source Reference:. N 988 1366 1655 3412 1770 4915 1917 5827 2006 6228 2108 6672 2220 7095 2335 8162 9030 9386 9452 - 5/32 3/16 1/4 1962 2433 2998 3114 3185 3265 3354 3443 3621 3621 3621 3621 2940 3661 4359 4444 4537 4648 4760 5026 5227 5227 5227 4982 5916 6984 7829 7962 8118 8474 8985 9408 9452 3621 5227 9452 1584 2113 2544 2722 2838 2963 3105 3243 3594 - 2411 3221 3719 3857 4003 4172 4341 4760 5227 - 3977 5360 6228 6628 6850 7095 7651 8429 9119 9452 Material in knife edge condition:.071 0. N 1237 1575 1953 4039 2028 5671 2122 6672 2180 7784 2246 8185 2313 8318 2362 8607 2362 9030 2362 9386 2362 9452 2362 9452 2362 Yield Strength.100 0.125 0.080 0.080 0.032 0. H.025 0.040 0.071 0.Not recommended Page 62 of 83 .063 0.063 0.025 0.2 (n) Rivet Type Sheet Material Rivet Dia (in) NAS1097-E Clad 2024-T3 1/8 5/32 3/16 1010 1450 1944 2073 2157 2211 2255 2318 2362 2362 2362 2362 2362 1632 2246 3020 3189 3252 3323 3403 3474 3621 3621 3621 3621 2495 3438 4470 4559 4648 4737 4826 5049 5227 5227 5227 2362 3621 5227 0.190 0.

TL 1.063 0.190 Sheet Thickness (in) Rivet Shear Strength 0.190 386 419 463 491 521 531 531 531 531 531 531 MS20426E Clad 2024-T3 5/32 3/16 Ultimate Strength.040 0.100 0.040 0.Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss.050 0.125 0.Not recommended Page 63 of 83 .160 0.2.160 0.1.063 0.071 0. lb 404 510 612 574 690 647 777 728 875 794 972 814 1160 - 1175 1310 1635 2070 2125 1/8 1/4 Material in knife edge condition:.100 0. H.090 0.125 0.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Flush Head 100 deg Heads Machine Countersunk Al Sheet Data Source Reference:.080 0. lb 592 647 870 680 910 718 955 760 1005 802 1055 814 1175 814 1175 814 1175 814 1175 1610 1680 1845 2085 2125 2125 262 327 412 464 517 531 - Yield Strength.050 0.080 0.090 0.071 0.2 (r) Sheet Thickness (in) Rivet Type Sheet Material Rivet Dia (in) 0. Table 8.

16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Flush Head 100 deg Heads Machine Countersunk Al Sheet Data Source Reference:.160 0.190 Rivet Shear Strength 1717 1864 2060 2184 2318 2362 2362 2362 2362 2362 MS20426E Clad 2024-T3 5/32 3/16 Ultimate Strength. Table 8.063 0.080 0.063 0. N 2633 2878 3870 3025 4048 3194 4248 3381 4470 3567 4693 3621 5227 3621 5227 3621 5227 3621 5227 Yield Strength.040 0.125 0.2.160 0.125 0.100 0.090 0.050 0.100 0. N 1797 2269 2722 2553 3069 2878 3456 3238 3892 3532 4324 3621 5160 - 1/4 7162 7473 8207 9275 9452 9452 5227 5827 7273 9208 9452 Material in knife edge condition:.Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss.040 0.090 0. H.071 0.TL 1.190 1165 1455 1833 2064 2300 2362 - Sheet Thickness (in) Sheet Thickness (in) 0.1.Not recommended Page 64 of 83 .2 (r) Rivet Type Sheet Material Rivet Dia (in) 1/8 2362 0.050 0.080 0.071 0.

2 (s) Sheet Thickness (in) Rivet Type Sheet Material Rivet Dia (in) 0.190 318 393 440 469 502 531 531 531 531 531 531 MS20426E Clad 7075-T6 5/32 3/16 Ultimate Strength.125 0.050 0.125 0. Table 8.TL 1.080 0.040 0. lb 399 515 607 586 693 666 789 728 896 773 1005 814 1140 1175 - 1175 1320 1680 2010 2125 1/8 1/4 Material in knife edge condition:.090 0.100 0.050 0.080 0.2. H.Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss.090 0.190 Sheet Thickness (in) Rivet Shear Strength 0.160 0.063 0.063 0.100 0. lb 492 606 745 642 840 683 898 728 952 773 1005 814 1140 814 1175 814 1175 814 1175 1430 1570 1755 2010 2125 2125 257 330 423 469 502 531 - Yield Strength.040 0.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Flush Head 100 deg Heads Machine Countersunk Al Sheet Data Source Reference:.160 0.Not recommended Page 65 of 83 .1.071 0.071 0.

100 0.071 0.090 0.2.160 0.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Flush Head 100 deg Heads Machine Countersunk Al Sheet Data Source Reference:.2 (s) Rivet Type Sheet Material Rivet Dia (in) 1/8 2362 0.090 0.063 0.190 Rivet Shear Strength 1415 1748 1957 2086 2233 2362 2362 2362 2362 2362 MS20426E Clad 7075-T6 5/32 3/16 Ultimate Strength.100 0.050 0. Table 8.050 0.080 0.040 0. N 2189 2696 3314 2856 3737 3038 3995 3238 4235 3438 4470 3621 5071 3621 5227 3621 5227 3621 5227 Yield Strength. N 1775 2291 2700 2607 3083 2963 3510 3238 3986 3438 4470 3621 5071 5227 - 1/4 6361 6984 7807 8941 9452 9452 5227 5872 7473 8941 9452 Material in knife edge condition:.Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss.125 0.071 0.160 0.Not recommended Page 66 of 83 .125 0.063 0. H.040 0.1.TL 1.080 0.190 1143 1468 1882 2086 2233 2362 - Sheet Thickness (in) Sheet Thickness (in) 0.

TL 1.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Flush Head 120 deg Shear Heads Dimpled Al Sheet Page 67 of 83 .

040 0.032 0.063 0.090 0.032 0.063 0.020 0.2.080 0.080 0.040 0.050 0. H.125 137 171 207 231 - Rivet Shear Strength Sheet Thickness (in) BRFS-D Page 68 of 83 .020 0.071 0.090 0.1.TL 1.025 0.Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss.100 0.100 0.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Flush Head 120 deg Shear Heads Machine Countersunk Al Sheet Data Source Reference:. lb 359 453 550 614 655 - 547 680 814 857 914 - 918 1149 1295 1430 1513 1592 1790 3/32 1/8 0.125 139 176 226 275 275 275 275 275 275 275 275 275 0.2 (i) Sheet Thickness (in) Rivet Type Sheet Material Rivet Dia (in) 3/16 1/4 233 300 378 477 494 494 494 494 494 494 494 Clad 2024-T3 5/32 Ultimate Strength.071 0. lb 367 465 585 741 755 755 755 755 755 755 552 697 886 1005 1090 1090 1090 1090 1090 930 1182 1338 1513 1711 1902 1970 1970 229 294 357 398 451 - Yield Strength.025 0. Table 8.050 0.

032 0.1.040 0.071 0.2 (i) Rivet Type Sheet Material Rivet Dia (in) BRFS-D 618 783 1005 1223 1223 1223 1223 1223 1223 1223 1223 1223 2197 0.025 0.063 0.020 0.050 0.025 0.071 0.100 0.TL 1.100 0.2. N 1597 2015 2447 2731 2914 - 3/16 1/4 2455 3100 3941 4470 4849 4849 4849 4849 4137 5258 5952 6730 7611 8461 8763 4849 8763 - 4083 5111 5760 6361 6730 7082 7962 2433 3025 3621 3812 4066 - Page 69 of 83 .090 0.020 0. Table 8.032 0.090 0.080 0.063 0.125 609 761 921 1028 - 1019 1308 1588 1770 2006 - Sheet Thickness (in) Sheet Thickness (in) 0.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Flush Head 120 deg Shear Heads Machine Countersunk Al Sheet Data Source Reference:.125 Rivet Shear Strength Clad 2024-T3 5/32 Ultimate Strength.050 0. H.Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss. N 1036 1334 1632 1681 2068 2122 2602 2197 3296 2197 3358 2197 3358 2197 3358 2197 3358 2197 3358 3/32 1/8 3358 Yield Strength.040 0.080 0.

Table 8.TL 1.Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss.2 (i) Sheet Thickness (in) Rivet Type Sheet Material Rivet Dia (in) 3/32 1/8 0.100 0.063 0.2.100 0.050 0.020 0.032 0.071 0.1.040 0.125 119 144 171 204 217 217 217 217 217 217 217 217 201 250 292 343 388 388 388 388 388 388 388 Clad 2024-T3 5/32 Ultimate Strength.080 0. lb 316 386 451 536 596 596 596 596 596 596 0.040 0.050 0.125 119 144 171 204 217 - 201 250 292 343 388 - Yield Strength.080 0.025 0.032 0.063 0. H.020 0.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Flush Head 120 deg Shear Heads Machine Countersunk Al Sheet Data Source Reference:.090 0.071 0. lb 316 386 451 536 596 - Rivet Shear Strength Sheet Thickness (in) BRFS-AD 3/16 1/4 474 571 675 737 812 862 862 862 862 806 987 1073 1169 1278 1371 1550 1550 474 571 675 737 812 862 - 806 987 1073 1169 1278 1371 1550 Page 70 of 83 .090 0.025 0.

040 0.071 0.100 0.032 0. N 894 1112 1406 1299 1717 1526 2006 1726 2384 1726 2651 1726 2651 1726 2651 1726 2651 1726 2651 3/32 1/8 2651 Yield Strength.020 0.063 0. H.080 0.020 0.2.063 0. Table 8.071 0.080 0.1.Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss.TL 1.100 0.025 0.125 529 641 761 907 965 - 894 1112 1299 1526 1726 - Sheet Thickness (in) Sheet Thickness (in) 0.050 0.050 0.2 (i) Rivet Type Sheet Material Rivet Dia (in) BRFS-AD 529 641 761 907 965 965 965 965 965 965 965 965 1726 0.125 Rivet Shear Strength Clad 2024-T3 5/32 Ultimate Strength.025 0.090 0. N 1406 1717 2006 2384 2651 - 3/16 1/4 2108 2540 3003 3278 3612 3834 3834 3834 3585 4390 4773 5200 5685 6099 6895 3834 6895 2108 2540 3003 3278 3612 3834 - 3585 4390 4773 5200 5685 6099 6895 Page 71 of 83 .032 0.040 0.090 0.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Flush Head 120 deg Shear Heads Machine Countersunk Al Sheet Data Source Reference:.

040 0.071 0.063 0.100 4448 5783 6583 7473 7829 8229 Page 72 of 83 .071 0.063 0.080 0.080 0.Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss.090 0. lb 0.050 0.100 Rivet Shear Strength 1000 1300 1480 1690 2120 2120 1180 Sheet Thickness (in) Yield Strength.2. H. lb 0.063 0.100 Rivet Type Sheet Material Rivet Dia (in) 598 772 949 1000 1060 - 1000 1300 1480 1680 1760 1850 BRFS-DD Clad 2024-T3 3/16 1/4 Ultimate Strength. Table 8.071 0.090 0.080 0.090 0.050 0.050 0.090 0.100 2660 3434 4221 4448 4715 - Yield Strength.040 0.050 0.2 (k) 3/16 Sheet Thickness (in) BRFS-DD Rivet Type Sheet Material Rivet Dia (in) 598 772 994 1130 1180 1180 1180 1/4 Ultimate Strength. N 0.080 0.071 0.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Flush Head 120 deg Shear Heads Machine Countersunk Al Sheet Data Source Reference:.040 0. N 2660 3434 4422 5026 5249 5249 4448 5783 6583 7517 9430 5249 9430 Rivet Shear Strength 5249 9430 Sheet Thickness (in) Sheet Thickness (in) Clad 2024-T3 0.063 0.1.TL 1.040 0.

2.080 0.080 0.040 0.190 MS14218E 9/32 5/16 346 478 673 781 803 827 854 854 854 854 854 854 Clad 2024-T3 3/16 7/32 1/4 Ultimate Strength. H. lb 529 732 806 1045 1135 1200 1110 1365 1445 1140 1565 1735 1175 1605 1990 1205 1645 2030 1230 1740 2140 1230 1755 2230 1230 1755 2230 1230 1755 2230 1285 1530 1835 2200 2525 2650 2820 2840 2840 1630 1930 2320 2725 3205 3400 3525 3525 346 478 601 760 803 827 854 - Yield Strength.Not recommended Page 73 of 83 .025 0.032 0.2 (m) Sheet Thickness (in) Rivet Type Sheet Material Rivet Dia (in) 0.125 0.160 0.100 0.071 0.125 0.032 0.063 0.090 0.071 0.190 Sheet Thickness (in) Rivet Shear Strength 0.Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss. Table 8. lb 529 721 806 912 1085 1200 1030 1225 1377 1140 1385 1554 1175 1560 1750 1205 1645 1950 1230 1735 2140 1755 2230 - 1285 1530 1755 1970 2200 2650 2810 2840 1630 1930 2200 2445 3060 3400 3525 1/8 5/32 215 307 434 508 536 554 558 558 558 558 558 558 558 215 307 388 487 536 552 558 - Material in knife edge condition:.063 0.1.050 0.160 0.100 0.050 0.040 0.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Flush Head 120 deg Shear Heads Machine Countersunk Al Sheet Data Source Reference:.TL 1.025 0.090 0.

2.090 0.2 (m) Rivet Type Sheet Material Rivet Dia (in) MS14218E Clad 2024-T3 1/8 5/32 3/16 Ultimate Strength.160 0.040 0.050 0.100 0. H.090 0.032 0.080 0.160 0.071 0. N 2353 3207 3585 4057 4826 5338 4582 5449 6125 5071 6161 6913 5227 6939 7784 5360 7317 8674 5471 7718 9519 7807 9920 - 9/32 5/16 5716 6806 8162 9786 11232 11788 12544 12633 7251 8585 10320 12121 14257 15124 15680 12633 15680 5716 6806 7807 8763 9786 11788 12500 12633 7251 8585 9786 10876 13612 15124 15680 Material in knife edge condition:.025 0.063 0.190 956 1366 1726 2166 2384 2455 2482 - 1539 2126 2673 3381 3572 3679 3799 - Sheet Thickness (in) Sheet Thickness (in) 0.100 0.125 0.071 0.040 0.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Flush Head 120 deg Shear Heads Machine Countersunk Al Sheet Data Source Reference:.025 0.190 Rivet Shear Strength 7/32 1/4 5471 7807 9920 Yield Strength.Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss.Not recommended Page 74 of 83 .032 0.050 0. Table 8.1.080 0.TL 1.125 0. N 2353 3256 3585 4648 5049 5338 4938 6072 6428 5071 6961 7718 5227 7139 8852 5360 7317 9030 5471 7740 9519 5471 7807 9920 5471 7807 9920 956 1366 1931 2260 2384 2464 2482 2482 2482 2482 2482 2482 1539 2126 2994 3474 3572 3679 3799 3799 3799 3799 3799 2482 3799 0.063 0.

050 0.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Flush Head 120 deg Shear Heads Machine Countersunk Al Sheet Data Source Reference:.125 125 153 188 216 217 217 217 217 217 217 217 217 0.020 0.032 0.Not recommended Page 75 of 83 .2.071 0. lb 334 408 498 498 609 588 751 596 817 596 862 596 862 596 862 596 862 596 862 740 910 1015 1125 1205 1225 1225 1225 849 1040 1155 1290 1425 1520 1555 1555 212 263 319 370 388 - Yield Strength.100 0.020 0. Table 8.090 0.TL 1.063 0.1.063 0.080 0.040 0.040 0.071 0.090 0.050 0. H.Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss.125 125 153 188 216 217 - Rivet Shear Strength Sheet Thickness (in) MS14218AD Material in knife edge condition:. lb 334 408 498 492 609 574 733 596 794 842 862 - 740 910 1005 1090 1180 1225 - 849 1040 1155 1275 1380 1480 1555 3/32 1/8 0.032 0.025 0.025 0.080 0.100 0.2 (o) Sheet Thickness (in) Rivet Type Sheet Material Rivet Dia (in) 7/32 1/4 212 263 322 380 388 388 388 388 388 388 388 Clad 2024-T3 5/32 3/16 Ultimate Strength.

2.050 0. N 1486 1815 2215 2215 2709 2616 3341 2651 3634 2651 3834 2651 3834 2651 3834 2651 3834 2651 3834 Yield Strength.1.032 0.063 0.125 Rivet Shear Strength Clad 2024-T3 5/32 3/16 Ultimate Strength.Not recommended Page 76 of 83 .080 0.TL 1.020 0.071 0.040 0.080 0. N 1486 1815 2215 2189 2709 2553 3261 2651 3532 3745 3834 - 7/32 1/4 3292 4048 4515 5004 5360 5449 5449 3777 4626 5138 5738 6339 6761 6917 5449 6917 3292 4048 4470 4849 5249 5449 - 3777 4626 5138 5671 6139 6583 6917 Material in knife edge condition:.032 0.020 0.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Flush Head 120 deg Shear Heads Machine Countersunk Al Sheet Data Source Reference:.100 0.050 0.125 556 681 836 961 965 - 943 1170 1419 1646 1726 - Sheet Thickness (in) Sheet Thickness (in) 0.090 0.040 0.2 (o) Rivet Type Sheet Material Rivet Dia (in) MS14218AD 3/32 1/8 556 681 836 961 965 965 965 965 965 965 965 943 1170 1432 1690 1726 1726 1726 1726 1726 1726 965 1726 0.025 0.090 0. Table 8.025 0.071 0. H.Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss.100 0.063 0.

090 0.050 0.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Flush Head 120 deg Tension Heads Machine Countersunk Al Sheet Data Source Reference:. Table 8.040 0.1.Not recommended Page 77 of 83 .100 0.2 (p) Rivet Type Sheet Material Rivet Dia (in) MS14219E 9/32 5/16 339 473 538 558 558 558 558 558 558 558 588 Clad 2024-T3 3/16 7/32 1/4 Ultimate Strength.2.Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss.071 0.160 0.190 210 277 301 309 - Sheet Thickness (in) Sheet Thickness (in) 3/32 5/32 1625 1875 2145 2200 - Material in knife edge condition:.063 0. lb 527 743 819 788 979 1065 834 1105 1280 854 1165 1520 1625 854 1230 1605 1890 854 1230 1755 2145 854 1230 1755 2230 854 1230 1755 2230 854 1230 1755 2230 2020 2580 2840 2840 2840 2120 2965 3415 3525 3525 339 468 538 543 - 527 728 788 823 833 - Yield Strength.050 0. lb 819 979 1065 1100 1280 1165 1490 1190 1605 1705 - 2020 2580 2765 - 2120 2945 3390 3455 1/8 0. H.160 0.125 0.032 0.090 0.040 0.190 Rivet Shear Strength 210 279 310 311 311 311 311 311 311 311 311 311 0.080 0.063 0.100 0.080 0.125 0.071 0.TL 1.032 0.

Table 8.071 0.080 0.125 0.160 0.1.Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss. N 3643 4355 4737 4915 5694 5182 6761 5471 7139 5471 7807 5471 7807 5471 7807 5471 7807 Yield Strength.190 Rivet Shear Strength 3/16 7/32 Ultimate Strength.Not recommended Page 78 of 83 .063 0.090 0.050 0.071 0.040 0.063 0.032 0.2 (p) Rivet Type Sheet Material Rivet Dia (in) MS14219E Clad 2024-T3 3/32 1/8 5/32 934 1241 1379 1383 1383 1383 1383 1383 1383 1383 1383 1508 2104 2393 2482 2482 2482 2482 2482 2482 2482 2344 3305 3505 3710 3799 3799 3799 3799 3799 1383 2616 3799 0.100 0.2.040 0.050 0.080 0.TL 1.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Flush Head 120 deg Tension Heads Machine Countersunk Al Sheet Data Source Reference:. H.090 0.160 0.125 0.100 0.032 0.190 934 1232 1339 1375 - 1508 2082 2393 2415 - 2344 3238 3505 3661 3705 - Sheet Thickness (in) Sheet Thickness (in) 0. N 3643 4355 4737 4893 5694 5182 6628 5293 7139 7584 - 1/4 9/32 5/16 7228 8407 9541 9920 9920 8985 11476 12633 12633 9430 13189 15191 15680 9920 12633 15680 7228 8340 9541 9786 - 8985 11476 12299 - 9430 13100 15079 15369 Material in knife edge condition:.

Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss.090 0.032 0.090 0.160 Rivet Shear Strength 0.100 0.071 0.032 0.125 0.125 0.071 0.1.160 MS14219E 9/32 5/16 455 522 558 558 558 558 558 558 558 558 Clad 7075-T6 3/16 7/32 1/4 Ultimate Strength.2. lb 704 803 1065 832 1140 1435 854 1180 1600 854 1220 1650 2030 854 1230 1700 2090 854 1230 1755 2230 854 1230 1755 2230 854 1230 1755 2230 2565 2740 2840 2840 2860 3295 3525 3525 455 522 550 - Yield Strength. Table 8.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Flush Head 120 deg Tension Heads Machine Countersunk Al Sheet Data Source Reference:.050 0.063 0. lb 1065 1140 1435 1170 1600 1205 1650 2030 1220 1685 2090 1740 2195 - 2565 2715 2815 2860 3295 3480 3/32 1/8 272 297 311 311 311 311 311 311 311 311 311 272 296 308 - 5/32 704 802 823 845 - Material in knife edge condition:.TL 1.040 0.080 0.Not recommended Page 79 of 83 .080 0.100 0.063 0. H.050 0.040 0.2 (q) Rivet Type Sheet Material Rivet Dia (in) Sheet Thickness (in) Sheet Thickness (in) 0.

1.080 0.100 0.040 0. H. N 4737 5071 6383 5249 7117 5427 7340 5471 7562 5471 7807 5471 7807 5471 7807 Yield Strength.040 0.050 0.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Flush Head 120 deg Tension Heads Machine Countersunk Al Sheet Data Source Reference:.032 0.063 0.2.050 0.090 0.032 0.125 0.063 0. N 4737 5071 6383 5204 7117 5360 7340 5427 7495 7740 - 1/4 9/32 5/16 9030 9297 9920 9920 11410 12188 12633 12722 14657 15680 9920 12633 15680 9030 9297 9764 - 11410 12077 12522 12722 14657 15480 Material in knife edge condition:.125 0.160 1210 1317 1370 - 2024 2322 2447 - 3132 3567 3661 3759 - Sheet Thickness (in) Sheet Thickness (in) 0.090 0.2 (q) Rivet Type Sheet Material Rivet Dia (in) MS14219E Clad 7075-T6 3/32 1/8 5/32 1210 1321 1383 1383 1383 1383 1383 1383 1383 1383 2024 2322 2482 2482 2482 2482 2482 2482 2482 3132 3572 3701 3799 3799 3799 3799 3799 1383 2482 3799 0.Not recommended Page 80 of 83 .TL 1.100 0.071 0.Mil-Hdbk-5 Iss.160 Rivet Shear Strength 3/16 7/32 Ultimate Strength. Table 8.071 0.080 0.

016 396 0.250 277 Sheet Gauge (in) (AN470 or AN442 in 24ST Alclad or better) Ultimate Load / Rivet (lb) 1/8 5/32 3/16 1/4 5/16 Allowable Ultimate Load / Rivet (N) Rivet 3/32 1/8 5/32 3/16 1/4 5/16 Size (in) 0.032 214 0.125 277 0.051 1232 2095 2495 2887 3554 4132 0.072 1232 2202 3372 4364 5538 6592 0.188 1232 2202 3372 4866 8816 13923 0.F.102 1232 2202 3372 4866 8372 10115 0.020 120 0.025 159 0.26 Protruding Head Sheet Gauge (in) Allowable Rivet 3/32 Size (in) 0.125 1232 2202 3372 4866 8816 12855 0.156 1232 2202 3372 4866 8816 13923 0.091 1232 2202 3372 4866 7344 8816 0.064 1232 2202 3274 3799 4791 5614 0.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA Tensile Behaviour of Rivets Reference Data Source:.156 277 0.016 89 0.102 277 0.188 277 0.250 1232 2202 3372 4866 8816 13923 142 197 269 353 471 495 495 495 495 495 495 495 495 495 223 311 420 561 736 758 758 758 758 758 758 758 758 354 474 649 854 981 1094 1094 1094 1094 1094 1094 1094 568 799 1077 1245 1440 1651 1882 1982 1982 1982 1982 929 1262 1482 1721 1982 2274 2890 3130 3130 3130 3/8 1669 1952 2265 2622 3353 4336 4470 4470 3/8 7424 8683 10075 11663 14915 19287 19884 19884 Page 81 of 83 .081 1232 2202 3372 4866 6405 7655 0.Analysis & Design of Flight Vehicle Structures E.051 277 0.064 277 0.020 534 632 0.072 277 0.040 1232 1570 1868 2108 2527 0.TL 1.040 277 0.081 277 0.091 277 0. Bruhn D1.025 707 876 992 0.032 952 1197 1383 1575 0.

51 Sheet Gauge (in) Note:.025 137 168 0.032 0.032 823 1036 1205 0.020 458 0.072 850 1077 0.064 1984 2825 3278 4141 0.040 0.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA 100 deg Flush Head – Dimpled Sheet (AN426 in 24ST Alclad or better) Sheet Gauge (in) Allowable Ultimate Load / Rivet (lb) Rivet 3/32 1/8 5/32 3/16 1/4 Size (in) 0.020 0.51 Page 82 of 83 .025 0.025 609 747 0.064 446 635 737 931 0.051 1815 2157 2500 3087 0.040 1072 1357 1610 1819 0.020 103 0.032 0.025 0.081 4315 5525 tmin 0.051 408 485 562 694 0.040 241 305 362 409 0.040 0.072 3781 4791 0.tmin = Min thickness of countersunk sheet Allowable Ultimate Load / Rivet (N) Rivet 3/32 1/8 5/32 3/16 1/4 Size (in) 0.032 185 233 271 0.020 0.TL 1.081 970 1242 tmin 0.

125 1108 1984 3038 4381 7553 8634 0.051 249 319 0.064 1108 1948 2229 0.064 0.188 1108 1984 3038 4381 7931 12531 0.156 249 446 683 985 1783 2660 2950 0.tmin = Min thickness of either sheet Allowable Ultimate Load / Rivet (lb) Rivet 3/32 1/8 5/32 3/16 1/4 5/16 Size (in) 0.125 3/8 13122 17023 17895 0.064 249 438 501 0.16 Issue 6 18 Jan 08 MATERIAL ALLOWABLE STRENGTH DATA 100 deg Flush Head – Machined Countersunk Sheet (AN426 in 24ST Alclad or better) Sheet Gauge (in) Allowable Ultimate Load / Rivet (lb) Rivet 3/32 1/8 5/32 3/16 1/4 5/16 3/8 Size (in) 0.250 249 446 683 985 1783 2817 4023 tmin 0.072 0.072 0.102 0.250 1108 1984 3038 4381 7931 12531 tmin 0.040 0.040 191 0.081 249 446 683 773 0.051 0.125 0.156 1108 1984 3038 4381 7931 11832 0.102 249 446 683 985 1275 0.051 0.156 Sheet Gauge (in) Note:.188 249 446 683 985 1783 2817 3827 0.TL 1.051 1108 1419 0.102 0.072 249 446 592 653 0.072 1108 1984 2633 2905 0.064 0.156 Page 83 of 83 .040 850 0.125 249 446 683 985 1698 1941 0.102 1108 1984 3038 4381 5671 0.091 1108 1984 3038 4057 0.081 1108 1984 3038 3438 0.040 0.091 249 446 683 912 0.

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