Research: Animal Eukaryotic Cell Structure

Eukaryotic Cells are organisms that contain complex structures enclosed within membranes. Basic Structure:
plasma membrane glycocalyx (components external to the plasma membrane) cytoplasm (semifluid) cytoskeleton - microfilaments and microtubules presence of characteristic membrane enclosed subcellular organelles

Characteristic organelles
Cell Plasma Membrane

Barrier, transport & signalling system.
Controls what goes in & out of cell

Mitochondria
  

Series of folds called Cristae.
Contains its own DNA Functions in energy production

Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
 

Membranes covered in ribosome
Synthesizes proteins for secretion or localisation in membranes.

Ribosomes

Proteins and RNA complex responsible for protein synthesis Site of synthesis & metabolism of lipids

Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
 

Contains enzymes to detoxify chemicals, e.g. drugs

Golgi Apparatus

Series of stacked membranes.
Vesicles move materials from RER to the golgi apparatus.

Vesicles move between stacks until proteins are processed.
Vesicles then carry newly formed membrane and proteins to needed destinations.

Lysosymes
  

Membrane bound Degrades proteins and membranes in cell Helps degrade materials ingested by cell

Peroxisomes

Produce & degrade hydrogen peroxide

Centrioles

Organisms made of microtubules

Controll assembly of microtubules during cell division

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