Research: Animal Eukaryotic Cell Structure

Eukaryotic Cells are organisms that contain complex structures enclosed within membranes. Basic Structure:
plasma membrane  glycocalyx (components external to the plasma membrane)  cytoplasm (semifluid)  cytoskeleton - microfilaments and microtubules  presence of characteristic membrane enclosed subcellular organelles

Characteristic organelles
Cell Plasma Membrane
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Barrier, transport & signalling system. Controls what goes in & out of cell

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Series of folds called Cristae. Contains its own DNA Functions in energy production

Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
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Membranes covered in ribosome Synthesizes proteins for secretion or localisation in membranes.


Proteins and RNA complex responsible for protein synthesis Site of synthesis & metabolism of lipids Contains enzymes to detoxify chemicals, e.g. drugs

Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
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Golgi Apparatus

Series of stacked membranes. Vesicles move materials from RER to the golgi apparatus. Vesicles move between stacks until proteins are processed. Vesicles then carry newly formed membrane and proteins to needed destinations.

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Membrane bound Degrades proteins and membranes in cell Helps degrade materials ingested by cell


Produce & degrade hydrogen peroxide

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Organisms made of microtubules Controll assembly of microtubules during cell division

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