C\n-sb¥v emh-ven≥ emh-ven≥ C\n-sb¥v

iniyenth lavlin lavlin iniyenth
dr. t m thomas isaac first edition january 2012 typesetting & published chintha publishers, thiruvananthapuram printed akshara offset, thiruvananthapuram cover

vinod price rupees eighty only

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hnX-cWw

tZim-`n-am\n _p°v lukv
H O Xncp-h\¥]p-cw-˛695 035 - - www.chinthapublishers.com chinthapublishers@gmail.com {_m©p-Iƒ
slÕm-^okv {_m©v Ip∂p-Ipgn Hmh¿{_nUvPv Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-cw sI Fkv B¿ Sn kn _kv tÃj≥ Be-∏p-g sI Fkv B¿ Sn kn _kv tÃj≥ Fd-Wm-Ip-fw a®n-߬ sebv≥ Xriq¿ sF Pn tdmUv tImgnt°m-Sv amhq¿ tdmUv tImgn-t°mSv F≥ Pn H bqWn-b≥ _n¬UnMv IÆq¿ sk≥{S¬ _kv sS¿an-\¬ tImwπIvkv Xmh-°c IÆq¿

CO - 1671 / 2820

C\n-sb¥v emh-ven≥ emh-ven≥ C\n-sb¥v

tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

Nn¥ ]ªntjgvkv
Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-cw-˛695 035

hne:

80

tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv
1953 sk]vXw-_¿ 26 \v sImSp-ß-√q¿ tIm´-∏p-dØp P\n®p. kvIqƒ hnZym-`ymkw sImSp-ß-√q¿ Kh. t_mbvkv sslkvIqfn¬. _ncpZ-]T\w Fd-Wm-Ipfw alm-cm-Pmkv tImtf-Pn¬. Phl¿em¬ s\lvdp k¿h-I-em-im-e-bn¬\n∂v ]n F®v Un. Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-csØ sk‚¿ t^m¿ Uh-e-]vsa‚ v ÃUo-kn¬ s^tem Bbn-cp∂p. Ct∏mƒ HmWddn s^tem. Fkv F^v sF kwÿm\ {]kn-U‚ v Bbn-cp-∂p. Ct∏mƒ kn ]n sF (Fw) tI{µ°Ωn‰n AwKw. kwÿm\ Bkq-{XWt_m¿Uv AwKambn {]h¿Øn-®n-´p≠v. tIc-f-Ønse [\-Imcy a{¥nbmbn-cp∂p. P\-Io-bm-kq-{XW {]ÿm-\-Øns‚ in¬∏n-I-fn¬ {]ap-J≥. 2001 apX¬ tIcf \nb-a-k-`-bn¬ amcm-cn-°pfw \ntbm-P-I-afiesØ {]Xn-\n-[o-I-cn-°p-∂p. Democracy at Work: A study of Dinesh Beedi Workers Co-operative (Cornell University Press), Local Democracy and Local Development: Peoples' plan Campaign in Kerala (Left Word) IqSmsX Ata-cn-°≥, kv]m\njv, t]m¿®p-Kokv FUnj-\p-Ifpw, Modernisation and Employment: Coir Industry in Kerala (Sage), Zmcn-{Zy-Øns‚ A¿Y-im-k{Xw, A¿Y-imkv{Xw v lcn{io, temI- apX-em-fnØ Ipg-∏w, temI-_m¶pw \mWb\n-[nbpw, hntam-N\ka-c-Øns‚ ImWm-∏p-d-߃, BtKmf {]Xn-k-‘nbpw BtKm-f-h¬°-c-Whpw, `q]-cn-jvI-cWw C\n F¥v?, hymP-k-Ω-Xn-bpsS \n¿anXn am[y-a-hna¿iw 2000˛2009, A¿Yim-kv{X-{]-th-in-I, 99% hmƒkv{So‰v Iog-S-°p-tºmƒ (kl-{KŸ-Im-c≥) (Nn¥ ]ªn-tjgvkv) tIcfw aÆpw a\p-jy\pw, Icn-bp∂ I¬∏-hr£w, Iog-S-ß-ens‚ A¿Yimkv{Xw (tIcf imkv{X-km-lnXy ]cn-j-Øv), P\-Io-bm-kq-{XWw kn≤m-¥hpw {]tbm-Khpw (kw-ÿm\ Bkq-{XW t_m¿Uv), P\-Io-bm-kq{X-W-Øns‚ cm{„obw, acp-∏-®-Iƒ D≠m-Ip-∂-Xv, kmº-ØnI-_-‘-߃ tI{µhpw tIc-fhpw (Un kn _pIvkv) F∂nh {][m\ IrXnIƒ. tIcfw aÆpw a\p-jy\pw 1989 se tIc-f-km-lnXy A°m-Zan Ahm¿Uv t\Sn.

D≈-S°w
Hm¿a-Iƒ D≠m-bn-cn-°Ww F¥mWv emhv-en≥ Icm¿? 11 21

emhv-en≥ hnhm-Z-Øns‚ \mƒhgn 27 Btcm]-W-߃ sIm´-\n-d-sb... acp-∂n-\p-t]mepw sXfn-hn√ 35 BZyw ssI°q-enbv°p km£n... ]ns∂ sIme-]m-X-I-Øn\pw! 46 Hcp "Xe ]cn-tim-[\'bpsS Zpc¥ ]cy-h-km\w 53 "ap°nb' ^b-ep-Ifpw ap߬hn-Z-Kv[-cmb am[y-a-{]-h¿Ø-Icpw ap≥ sshZyp-Xn- t_m¿Uv sNb¿ams‚ ac-Whpw ]∂n-bm¿ Zpc-¥hpw 61 71

hm¿Ø tNm¿Ø¬ XpS¿°Y: kn F- Pn, kn _n- sF, Kh¿W¿ 75 Icm-dns‚ DØ-c-hm-ZnXzw B¿°v? 85 tIm¨{K-kn\pw at\m-c-abv°pw C _mem-\-µ≥ F∂p-ap-X¬ {]nb-¶-c-\mbn? 95 B 86 tImSn cq] Xpe-®-Xmcv? tcJ-I-fn-eqsS Hc-t\zjWw 102 374 tImSn cq]bpsS \jvS°Y Fßs\bp≠mbn? 114 KqVmtemN\bps≠¶n¬ {]Xnbmcv? 119

apJhpc
hy‡n]cambn XmdSn°pI F∂ e£ytØmsS \S°p∂ {]NcWamWnXv. AXv \ΩpsS tIcfØnse _q¿jzm cmjv{SobØns‚ Bhiyambncp∂p. Cu cmjv{SobØn¬ Nne¿ F√mØcw hrØntISpIfpsSbpw aq¿ØoIcWambn amdn-bhcmWv . ... At∏mƒ B kaqlØn¬ CØ- c - ° m- t cm- S p≈ AXr- ] v X n hf¿∂p hcp∂p≠v . Cu AXr]v X n \ne- \ n¬°ptºmƒ-Øs∂ kaqlw as‰mcp hn`mKsØ ImWp-IbmWv. AXv IayqWnÃpImcmWv. IayqWnÃpIm¿ CXn¬-\ns∂√mw hyXykvXXtbmsS \ne\n∂p t]mIp-∂hcmWv. AXpsIm≠v AXnt‚Xmb Hcp AwKo-Imchpw Iayq-Wn-Ãp-Im¿°p In´p∂p≠v. F∂m¬ IayqWnÃpImcpw IW-°mWv, henb hyXymkan√, Ahcn¬ ]ecpw CXn-s‚sbms° `mKambn amdn-bncn°p∂p F∂v Bt£- ] n- ° m\mWv Fs∂ hy‡n- ] - c - a mbn Bt£- ] n- ° p∂Xv . .... CXn- s \sbms° AXnPohn- ° m≥ Ignbns√¶n¬∏ns∂ Iayq-Wn-Ãmbn \n∂pt]mhm≥ ]‰ptam? Rm≥ shdpsamcp ]m¿´n {]h¿ØI≥ F∂ \nebn¬\n∂v amdn ]m¿´n sk{I´dnbmbn hcptºmƒ Hcp ]m¿´n {]XoIambn hcnIbmWv. hy‡n-]cambn Fs∂ Sm¿P‰v sNbvXv Icn-hmcntØ®m¬, ]m¿´nsb BsI Xmd-Sn°m≥ Ignbpw F∂mWv ChcpsS hnizmkw. Poh\p-t\sc-bp≈ B{I-a-W-߃ \nch[n AXnPohn®p-t]m∂ Fs∂ kw_-‘n-®nS-tØmfw AXn-t\°mƒ hepX√ CsXm∂pw. XocmØ ]I-tbmsS Xs∂bpw kn ]n- sF (Fw)sbbpw am[y-a-

ßfpw HcpkwLw D]Pm]Icpw th´bmSp∂ ImeØv amXr`qan BgvN]Xn-∏n\p\¬Inb A`napJØn¬ kJmhv ]nWdmbn hnPb≥ ]d-™-XmWv taep≤cn® hmIy߃. Cusbmcp Bfl-hnizmk-tØmsSbmWv A]hmZ{]NcWØns‚ kam\X-Ifn√mØ sh√p-hn-fnsb tIcfØnse IayqWnÃv {]ÿm\w AXnPohn®Xvv. Nmb-°SIfnepw hmb\imeIfnepw ]Wnÿeß- f nepw \m¬- ° h- e I- f nepw \m´p°q´ßfnepw s]mXptbmKßfnepw hmsamgnbmbpw, teJ-\ßfneqsSbpw eLp{KŸØneqsSbpw a‰pw hcsamgnbmbpw hna¿i\߃°v adp]Sn ]dbm≥ e£°W-°n\p {]h¿ØIcpsS Iq´mbvabn¬ kn ]n sF (Fw)°p am{Xw Ignbp∂ hn[Øn¬ {]Xn-tcm[hpw {]Xym{IaWhpsamcpßn. B™Sn® A]- h mZ- s °m- S p¶m- ‰ ns\ kwLS\bpsS IcpØpsIm≠v kn ]n sF (Fw) IogS°n. 2005 se ae- ∏ pdw ktΩ- f - \ - I m- e sØ am[ya {]NcWw Ht∂m¿Øp t\m°pI. "ktΩf\w Ign™m¬ ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ XncnsI ]nW-dm-bn-bn-te°v t]mtI≠nhcpw' F∂v Xo¿∏p I¬∏n°m≥ Hcp am[ya {]h¿Ø-I≥ Xp\n™ndßnb ImeamWXv. "]nW-dmbn hnP-bs\ ho´nencpØpw' F∂ am[yalp¶ns‚ s\©p]n-f¿°p∂Xmbncp∂p ae∏pdw ktΩf\Øns‚ A¥yw. B A-{]Xo--£ nX ]cm- P - b - Ø ns‚ - s s\- c m- i y- Ø n¬\n∂mWv emhv - e n≥ AgnaXnsb∂ I≈°Ybv°v Xnc°YsbmcpßnbXv. hy‡n]c-ambn XmdSn°pI F∂ e£ytØmsS Bkq{XWw sNbvX {]NcWambncp∂p AXv. Cu A]hmZ{]NcW߃ Hmtcm∂pw Cu {KŸØn¬ sXmenbpcn®p ImWn°p∂p≠v. bYm¿YØn¬ Cßs\sbmcp {KŸsØ°pdn®v Nn¥n®ncp-∂n√. ]t£, kn _n sFbpsS ]p\ct\zjW dnt∏m¿´pw AtX°pdn-®p≈ am[ya dnt∏m¿´pIfpw I≠t∏mƒ Nne Hm¿a]pXp°epIƒ A\nhmcyamsW∂p tXm∂n. ]nWdmbn hnPb≥ HcpXcØnep≈ kmºØnI AgnaXnbpw \SØnbn´ns√∂v kn _n sFbpsS ]p\ct\zjW dnt∏m¿´v AkµnKv[ambn shfns∏SpØnbn´pw Hcp ]{Xhpw A¿ln°p∂ {]m[m\ytØmsS A°mcyw dnt∏m¿´p sNbvXn√. Hcp Zim_vZambn At±lsØ hy‡n]cambn tXtPmh[w sNøp∂Xn\pw A]Io¿Øns∏SpØp∂Xn\pwth≠n A]hmZ°YIƒ°p F{Xtbm t]PpIƒ \o°nsh®hcmWv Ah¿. Hm¿Øpt\m°nbm¬ FgpXnbhcpw A®Sn®hcpwt]mepw \mWn®p-t]mIp∂ F{Xsb{X A]hmZIYIƒ, hymP{]Nc-W߃. Ahsbms°bpw sXfnhpklnXamWv Xpd∂p ImWn°-s∏´Xv. kwLSnXambn \SØnb A]hmZ{]NcWsØ sXm≠n-tbmsS ]nSnIqSnbn´pw Bcpw s]mXphmtbm hy‡n]camtbm Ct∂mfw Hcp hniZoIcWhpw \¬Inbn´n√. X߃ ]n¥pS¿∂ lo\IrXyØns‚ {]mb›nØambn´p-

t]mepw kn _n sFbpsS XpSct\zjW dnt∏m¿´ns\ kXyk‘ambn kao]n°m≥ Ah¿°p Ign™n√. Ncn{XØn\pw XeapdIƒ°pw ap∂n¬ Ip‰hmfnIfmbn XpScm≥ Xocpam\n®hsc ]pkvXIsagpXn XncpØmsa∂ hymtaml- s am∂pw Cu kwcw`Øn\n√. Ah¿°p≈ Xncn®Sn kaqlamWv \¬tI≠Xv. Cu A]hmZ°YIsf kn ]n sF (Fw) \nh¿∂p\n∂v AXn- P ohn®Xpt]mse, Ncn{Xt_m[- a p≈ kaqlw \¬Ip∂ Xncn- ® Snsb t\cnSm≥ Ah¿°p Ignbn√. Ncn{XØns‚ Cu t{ImUo- I cWw B e£yØn\pth≠nbp≈ cmjv{Sob-{]h¿-Ø\-amWv. P\Iobmkq{XWw, hntZi ^≠nMv , F Un _n tem¨, tImhfw sIm´mchn¬∏\, kv a m¿´v kn‰n, Ihnbq¿˛Infncq¿ kv{Xo]oU\߃ F∂nßs\ ]m¿´nsb XI¿°m≥ sa\s™SpØ F√m I≈°YIfpw s]mfn™p Ign™p. hkvXpXbpsS IWnIt]mepan√msXbmWv B {]NcWßsfms°bpw Actßdn- b Xv F∂v Cs∂√mh¿°padnbmw. Cu ]´nIbn¬ G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ hn‰gn™ C\amWv emhven≥ hnhmZw. Cu A]hmZ{]NcW߃ kmaqlnIa\kn¬ krjvSn®ncn°p∂ ap≥hn[nIfpsS t{]X_m[sbmgn∏n°p-IbmWv Cu ]pkvXIØns‚ e£yw. hnhmZßsf Bkv]Zam°nb Fs‚ \memasØ {KŸamWnXv. 2005 ¬ {]kn≤oIcn® P\Iobmkq{XWØns‚ cmjv{Sobw Bbncp∂p BZytØXv. Cu {KŸØns‚ Ahkm\ A[ymbw P\Iobmkq{XW hnhmZØn¬ am[ya߃ hln® ]¶mbncp∂p. CXv am[yacwKsØ°pdn®v IqSpX¬ BgØnte°p≈ ]T\Øn-te°pw hymPkΩXnbpsS \n¿anXn ˛ am[yahna¿i\w 2000-˛2009 F∂ {KŸØnte°pw \bn®p. aq∂masØ {KŸw tem´dn hnhmZsØ°pdn®p≈Xmbncp∂p. am[ya hna¿i\ ]T\Øn¬ emhven≥ hnhmZw Hcp {]iv\]T\ambn FSpØncp∂p. Hcph¿jsØ XpSct\zjWØns‚ ]cyhkm\Øn¬ Cu ]pXnb emhv e n≥ {KŸw cq]wsIm≠p. kXyw ka{Kambn a\knem°p∂-Xn\pw cmjv{Sob{]NcWØn\pw Cu {KŸw klmbIcamIpw F∂p IcpXp∂p. tZim`nam\n Atkmkntb‰v FUn‰¿ ]n Fw at\mPv, AUz. kn ]n {]tamZv, sI Pn _nPp F∂nh¿, Hmtcm A[ymbhpw FgpXnØocp∂ apdbv°v A`n{]mbßfpw \n¿tZißfpw \¬IpIbpw Nne `mK߃ XncpØn FgpXpIbpw sNbvXn´p≠v. ChtcmSp Rm≥ {]tXyIambn ISs∏´ncn°p∂p. tZim`nam\n Xncph\¥]pcw sse{_dnbnse A\n¬, kpa F∂nhtcmSpw \µn tcJs∏SpØp∂p. FdWmIpfw, Unkw_¿ 25, 2011

tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

1 Hm¿a-Iƒ D≠m-bn-cn-°Ww
Ign™ Hcp Zim-_vZ-ambn tIcf cmjv{So-b-Ønepw am[y-a-ßfnepw \nd-™p-\n∂ emhven≥ A]-hmZ{]Nc-W-Øns‚ Xnc-»oe hoWpIgn™p. tImS-Xn-bn-ep-≈ tIkv XpS-cpw. F∂m¬ kn ]n sF (Fw) kwÿm\ sk{I-´dn ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ kmº-Øn-I-amb Fs¥-¶nepw t\´-Øn-\p-th≠n Agn-aXn \S-Øn-b-Xmbn sXfn-hp-Ifn√ F∂v XpSct\zjW dnt∏m¿´n¬ kn _n sF Xs∂ Hu]-Nm-cnI-ambn tImS-Xn-bn¬ km£y-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. Hcp Xh-W-b-√, \mep-h-´-amWv Zpcm-tcm-]-W-߃°v sXfn-hns√∂v kn _n sF G‰p]d™Xv.
H∂v) Cu Btcm-]-W-ß-fn¬ H∂p-t]mepw ÿnco-I-c-W-sØfn-hns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ km[q-I-cn-°m≥ Ign-™n-√. {io. Sn ]n \µ-Ip-am-dn\pt]mepw At±lw s]‰o-j\n¬ D∂-bn® Btcm]-W-ßsf ]n¥p-W-bv°m≥ Fs¥-¶nepw sXfnhv lmP-cm°m≥ Ign-™n√. (JWvUnI 16). c≠v) Zo]Iv Ipam¿ Db¿Ønb Btcm-]-W-ßsf°p-dn-®p-≈ sXfn-hp-Iƒ tiJ-cn-°p-∂-Xn-\p XpSc-t\z-j-W-Øns‚ `mK-ambn ]cn-{ian°p-I-bp-≠m-bn. ]e-X-hW samgn-sb-Sp-Ø-t∏mƒ Zo]Iv Ipam-¿ ]d™ Imcy-߃ \nin-X-amb ]cn-tim-[-\bv°p hnt[b-am-°n. F¶nepw Cu Btcm-]-W-ß-fn¬ GsX-¶nepw H∂pt]mepw ÿnco-I-cn-°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ sXfn-hp-Iƒ e`y-am-bn-√ (JWvUnI 17). aq∂v) {io. Sn ]n \µ-Ip-amdpw {io. Zo]Iv Ipamdpw tN¿∂v

12

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

Fkv -F≥ kn emhv-ens‚ ap≥U-b-d-IvS¿ {io. Zneo]v cmlp-e\pw ]nW-dmbn hnP-b\pw Pn Im¿Øn-tI-b\pw FXn-cmbpw Ah¿ XΩn-ep≈ Ahn-ip≤ _‘-sØ-°p-dn®pw Btcm-]-W߃ D∂-bn-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn. Chsbm∂pw \ne-\n¬°p-∂-X-√ (JWvUnI 18). \mev) {io. Sn ]n \µ-Ip-am¿ ]nW-dmbn hnP-b-s\-Xn-scbpw Im\U-bnse Fkv- F≥ kn emhv-ens‚ ap≥U-b-d-IvS-dmb Zneo]v cmlp-e-s\-Xn-scbpw D∂-bn® Btcm-]-W-ßfpw \ne-\n¬°p∂-X-√. Fkv F≥ kn emhv-en\pw Ip‰m-tcm-]n-Xcpw XΩn-ep-≈ CS-\n-e-°m-c-\mbn Zneo]v cmlp-e≥ {]h¿Øn®p F∂ At±l-Øns‚ Btcm-]-Whpw \ne-\n¬°p-∂-X-√. hnizm-k-tbm-Kyamb km£n-I-sf-s°mt≠m tcJ-I-fpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Øntem D≈ Fs¥-¶nepw sXfn-hp-I-fpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ {io. hn Zo]Iv Ipamdpw {io. Sn ]n \µ-Ip-amdpw D∂-bn® Hcp Btcm-]Whpw km[q-I-cn-°-s∏-Sp-∂n-√. {io. Sn ]n \µ-Ip-am-dn-s\bpw {io. hn Zo]Iv Ipam-dn-s\bpw XpS-c-t\z-j-W-Øns‚ `mK-ambn tNmZyw sNøp-I-bp-≠m-bn. Xß-fp∂bn® Hcp Btcm-]-Whpw sXfn-bn-°m≥ Ah¿°p Ign-™n√ (JWvUnI 21).

ss{Iw hmcnI {]Ncn∏n® Btcm-]-W-߃
hnPn-e≥kv dnt∏m¿´nepw kn _n sF dnt∏m¿´nepw ho≠pw ]cma¿in-°s∏-Sp∂ Btcm-]Wßsfms°bpw Sn ]n \µ-Ip-am-dns‚ ss{Iw - hmcn-I-bpsS krjvSnbmWv. {]i-kvXnbpw {]nbhpw {]Nm-c-hp-ap-≈ s]mXp- am[y-a-߃ Ch tIm∏n-b-Sn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. -s]mXpam[y-aß-fpsS acym-Z-Isfm∂pw Hc-«oe hmcn-Ibv°v _m[-I-a-s√∂v Xncn®-dn-™-hcpsS k¿h-ssk-\ym-[n-]-\mbncp∂p ss{Iw \µ-Ip-am¿. 2001, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009 h¿j-ß-fn¬ ss{Iw hmcnI {]kn≤oIcn® IYIfn¬\n∂pw X߃°v FSp-°m-hp∂h FSpØv BtLm-jn-°pI-bmWv bYm¿YØn¬ s]mXp-am-[y-a-߃ sNbvXXv. B Btcm-]-W-߃ Cßs\ kw{K-ln-°mw. 1. ]≈n-hm-k¬, sN¶pfw, ]∂n-bm¿ CS-]m-Sn¬ 374.5 tImSn cq]bpsS Agn-aXn \S-∂p. 2. Zneo]v cmlp-e≥ hgn Fkv- F≥ kn emhven\n¬\n∂v ]nWdmbn hnP-b\v 100 tImSn cq] e`n-®p. CXn\p {]Xyp-]-Im-c-am-bn´mWv Icm-dp-Iƒ H∏n-´-Xv. 3. Agn-a-Xn-∏Ww knwK-∏q-cn-te°v ISØn Iae FIvkv-t]m¿-´vkv C‚¿\m-j-W¬ F∂ t]cn¬ ]nW-dmbn kz¥w Iº\n XpSßn. B Iº-\n°v 100 tImSn tS¨ Hmh-dp-≠v. knwK-∏q¿ InUv\n

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

13

^ut≠-j-\p-ambn Cu Iº-\n°v _‘-ap-≠v. Ccp- I-º-\nIƒ°pw s]mXp Ub-d-IvS¿am-cp-≠v, c≠p Iº-\n-Ifpw ktlmZ-c-ÿm-]-\-ß-fm-Wv. Iº\n Bh-iy-߃°mbn ]nW-dmbn hnPb≥ \qtdmfw XhW knwK-∏q¿, Zp_mbv F∂o cmPy߃ kµ¿in-®n-´p-≠v. 4. kn ]n- sF (Fw)s‚ P\-d¬ sk{I-´-dn-bm-bn-cp∂ l¿In-j≥ knMv kp¿PnØns‚ aI-\mWv emhvens‚ CS-\n-e-°m-c≥. kp¿PnØns‚ I\U _‘-amWv CXn\v hgnsh®-Xv. kp¿Pn-Øns‚ aI-\mWv ]nW-dm-bnsb Agn-aXn-bn-te°v \bn-®Xv. kp¿PnØns‚ aI\v 25 tImSn Iao-j≥ In´n. 5. Iao-j≥ hnlnXw ]m¿´n t\Xm-°ƒ°pw In´n. s]mfn‰v _yqtdm tImg-∏-W-Øns‚ XS-h-d-bnemWv. 6. ae-_m¿ Im≥k¿ sk‚-dn\v In´nb 9 tImSn sSIv\n-°m-enb Iº\n hngp-ßn. CXv IS-emkv Iº-\n-bm-Wv. CXv ]nW-dmbn hnP-bs‚ _n\man Iº-\n-bm-Wv. I\-U-bn¬\n∂v ]Ww In´m≥ Im≥k¿ sk‚¿ XpS-ßnb A°u-≠n¬ h∂Xv 300 cq] am{Xw. 7. emhven≥ Agn-a-Xn-∏WwsIm≠mWv ssIcfn Sn hn XpS-ßn-bXv. Agn-a-Xn-∏-W-Øn¬ F´p tImSn D]-tbm-Kn®v F sI Pn sk‚¿ \ho-I-cn-®p. Agn-a-Xn-∏Ww D]-tbm-Kn®v ]m¿´n t\Xm-°ƒ°v Xncp-h\¥-]p-cØv F kn kuI-cy-ap-≈ kpJ-hm-k-a-µn-c-߃ ]Wn-Xp. 8. ]∂n-bm-dn¬ s]≥tÃm°v s]m´n F´p-t]¿ acn-®Xv CS-]m-Snse Agn-a-Xn-bpsS sXfn-hv. tamiw D]-I-c-W-߃ D]-tbm-Kn-®Xp sIm≠mWv s]m´n-sØ-dn-bp-≠m-b-Xv. Agn-aXn ]pd-Øm-Im-Xn-cn°m≥ \S-Ønb A´n-a-dn-bmWv ]∂n-bm¿ A]-I-S-Øn\v hgn-sh®-Xv. Aßs\ emhv-en≥ Agn-a-Xn-°m¿ F´p-t]-cpsS Iq´-s°mebv°v hgn-sbm-cp-°n. 9. ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ kztZ-i-amb ]nW-dm-bnbnse ]≠ym-eap°n¬ Hcp tImSn cq] sNe-hn´v aWn-am-fnI hbv°p-∂p. 10. ]nW-dm-bn-bpsS aI≥ _¿anMvlmw k¿h-I-em-im-e-bn¬ ]Tn°p∂ tImgvkn\v Hcp tImSn-bmWv sNe-hv. aIfpw Hcp tImSnsNehp hcp∂ tImgvkn\p ]Tn-°p-∂p. Cu Btcm]Wßfn¬ H∂pt]mepw sXfnbn°m≥ hnPn-e≥kns‚tbm kn _n -sF-bp-sStbm At\z-j-W-Øn\p Ign™n´n√. ChnsS ]cma¿in°s∏´hcn¬ Hcmƒt]mepw tIkn¬ ]nWdmbn hnPbs‚ Iq´p{]Xn- b m- b n- ´ n- √ . kn _n sF ka¿∏n® Ip‰- ] - { X- Ø n¬ ta¬∏d™ Btcm-]-W-ß-fn-sem-∂n-s\-t∏mepw ]cm-a¿in-°p-∂n-√. Cu ]›m-Ø-e-Øn-emWv Cu Btcm-]-W-߃ kw_-‘n®v At\zjWw thW-sa∂v kn _n- sF-tbmSv \n¿tZin-°m≥ tImS-Xn-bn¬

14

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

l¿Pn \¬In-b-Xv. tImSXn CXp X≈n-. At∏m-gmWv ZrIvkm-£nbmb Zo]Iv Ipam-dns\ cwK-Øn-d-°n-b-Xv. Ch-sbms° ASn-ÿm-\-cln-X-sa∂v kn _n sF At\z-j-W-Øn-eqsS sXfn-™n-cn-°p-∂p. Xs‚ ssIhiw sXfn- h pIsfm∂pans√∂v Btcm]WI¿Ømhv ]t≠ kn _n sFtbmSv Xpd∂p ]d™ncp∂p. F∂m¬ Bh¿Øn®p≈ l¿PnIƒ tImSXnbnseØnbt∏msgm∂pw C°mcyw tImSXnsb Adnbn°m≥ kn _n sF Xbmdmbncp∂n√. XpS¿l¿PnIfneqsS hymP-Btcm-]W߃°v ]camh[n am[ya{i≤ e`n°m≥ kn _n sF Adnt™m AdnbmsX \n∂psImSp°pIbmbncp∂p. HSphn¬ kln-sI´-t∏m-gm-IWw, Hcp Btcm]WØn\pw sXfnhns√∂v Ak-µnKv[ambn tImS-Xnsb Adnbn°m≥ kn _n sF XømdmbXv. \ΩpsS am[y-a-N-cn-{X-Ønse IdpØ GSmWv, Hcp A«oe {]kn≤o-I-cWw \bn® hgn-bn-eqsS F´p-sIm√w Hcp `mj-bnse am[y-a߃ apt∂m´pt]mb e÷mIcamb A\p`hw. kn ]n- F-Ωnse Nne t\Xm-°sf Xnc-s™-SpØv Ah¿s°-Xn-scbpw CtXmsSm∏w Cu hmcnI kz`m-h-lXym]-c-º-c-Iƒ {]kn-≤o-I-cn®p. Xcw-XmW, Hcp A«oe {]kn-≤o-I-c-W-Øns‚ hn¬∏\km[y-X- am{Xw e£yan´ B Btcm-]-W-߃ D≤-cn-°m≥ CXp-t]m-semcp ]pkvX-I-Øn\v Ignbn-√. Ch-sbms° teJ-\-ß-fn-eq-sSbpw anUn¬ ]okp-I-fn-eq-sSbpw Im¿´q-Wp-I-fn-eq-sSbpw apJy-[mcm am[y-a-ß-fn¬ CSw Is≠-Øn. N¿®-bvs°-Øp∂ \nco-£-IcpsS ]cm-a¿i-ß-fn-eqsS hm¿ØmNm\ep-I-ƒ CXn¬ ]e-Xn\pw {]Nm-cw \¬In. \mhns‚ F√n-√mbva F∂ H‰ tbmKyXbn¬ Hcp ]‰w t\Xm-°ƒ Nm\epI-fnse \nXy-lcnXXmc-ß-fmbn. ]{Xm-[n-]¿ F∂ hnemkw \¬In Hcp A«oe {]kn≤o-I-cW DS-asb hm¿Øm Nm\-ep-Iƒ hoSp-I-fp-sS kzoI-cWapdnI-fn-te°v Hfn®p IS-Øn. kzmX{¥yka-c-Øns‚ XymK]q¿Wamb ]mcºcyw AhImis∏Sp∂ amXr-`q-an-sb-t∏m-semcp {]kn-≤o-I-c-WØns‚ FUn‰v t]Pnse Fgp-Øp-Im-c-\mbn CtX A«oe hmcn-I°m-cs\ ImtW≠ KXn-tISpw tIc-f-Øn-\p-≠m-bn. tIc-f-Ønse apXn¿∂ am[ya {]h¿Ø-I-cn¬ ]ecpw D¬∏-Xn-jvWp-°-sf∂v kzbw hntijn∏n®ncp∂hcn¬ Nne¿t]mepw ss{Ians‚ A]-hmZ ]mT-ßfpsS {]Nm-c-Icmbn FØp-∂Xv \ap°p ImtW≠nh∂p.

F¥p-sIm≠v Cu ]pkvXIw?
Cu A]- h m- Z - { ]- N - c - W - ß - s f√mw H∂n\p ]pdsI H∂mbn s]mfn™p ]mfo-km-bn. Rm≥ kn sF F Nmc\pw hntZ-i-^-≠nwKv GP‚pw a‰p-am-sW-∂p-≈ Ip{]-N-c-W-߃ Ct∏mƒ tIƒ°m-\n-√. A\-[n-IrX kzØp-k-ºm-Z-\-sØ-°p-dn-®p-≈ Btcm-]-W-߃ X≈n°-f-™p-sIm≠v BZm-b-\n-Ip-Xn-h-Ip-∏p-Xs∂ sslt°m-S-Xn-bn¬

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

15

kXy-hm-Mvaqew \¬In. Infn-cq¿ tIknse hn sF -]n- I≈°-Ybpw s]mfn-™p. Ihn-bq¿ tIknse ]oU\-Øns‚ bYm¿Y-IY kn _n sF Xs∂ ]pd-Øp-sIm≠p h∂p. HSp-hn¬ emhv-en≥ tIknse kmºØnI Agn-aXn C√ F∂p kn _n sF hy‡-am-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. A]hmZ߃ Hmtcm∂pw s]mfnbptºmgpw AXns‚ {kjvSm°ƒ \n»_vZXbpsS amfØn¬ Hfn°pw. ]n∂oSv H∂pw kw`-hn-®n√ F∂ a´n¬ ]pXnb ta®n¬ÿ-e-߃ tXSnbndßpw. kn _n sF XpS-ct\z-jW dnt∏m¿´v tImS-Xn-bn¬ ka¿∏n-®-t∏mƒ am[y-a-߃ {]XnI-cn-®Xv Fßs\ F∂v ]cn-tim-[n-°p-∂Xv IuXp-I-I-c-am-bn-cn-°pw. kn _n sF dnt∏m¿´n¬ F¥p-]-d™p F∂-Xm-bn-cp-∂n√ 2011 Unwk-_¿ 20 s‚ hm¿Ø. tIkns‚ hnNm-cW Xriq¿ tImS-Xnbn¬ \n∂v Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-c-tØ°p am‰p-∂-Xns‚ ]›m-Ø-e-Øn¬ {]XnIƒ kzm`m-hn-I-ambn ho≠pw tImS-Xn-bn¬ lmP-cm-tI-≠-Xp-≠v. CXmbn ]{X-ß-fpsS Xe-s°´pw apJy-hm¿Ø-bpw. at\m-ca: "emhven≥: ]nWdmbn AS°ap≈h¿ G{]n¬ ]Øn\p lmPcmIWw.' amXr`qan: "emhven≥: At\zjW dnt∏m¿´v ka¿∏n®p; ]nWdmbn lmPcmIWw'. am[yaw: "emhven≥; ]nWdmbn tImSXnbn¬ lmPcmIWw.' awKfw: "emhv-en≥: ]nWdmbn G{]n¬ 10\v- lmPcmIWw.' Zo]n-I: "emhv-en≥: ]nW-dm-bn°pw Im¿Øn-tI-b\pw Biz-kn°m≥ hI.' Zriy-am-[y-a-߃ Ipd-®p-IqSn kXy-k-‘X ]pe¿Øn. ]t£, c≠p-Nm-\-ep-I-fn¬ am{Xta Cu hnjbw N¿® sNbvXp-≈q. CXnsem-∂n¬ Rm≥ sN√p-tºmƒ I≠ IuXp-I-I-c-amb Imcyw Xncs™-Sp∏p ]cm-P-b-ßfpsS ImcWw kw_‘n®v ]Ø-\w-Xn´ ]m¿´n ktΩ-f\Øn¬ hn Fkv ANyp-Xm-\µs‚ ]cm-a¿i-w BZysØ N¿®m - hnj-b-ambn amdn-b-Xm-Wv. emhven≥ Icmdn¬ kmº-ØnI Agn-aXn \S-∂n-´p-≠m-Imw, ]t£, sXfn-hp-I-fn√ F∂p am{X-amWv dnt∏m¿s´-∂p-amWv Nne am[y-a-ßsf-¶nepw \S-Ønb hymJym-\w. sXfnhp lmP-cm-t°-≠-Xns‚ NpaXe Btcm-]-W-ap-∂-bn-°p-∂-h¿°-√, Btcm-]W hnt[-b¿°mWv F∂ hnNn-{X-amb hmZ-hpw Ahcp∂bn®p. awKfw ]{Xw Hcp-]Sn IqSn IS-∂p. Ah-cmWv (Un-kw-_¿ 21) kmº-ØnI Agn-a-Xn°v sXfn-hns√- ¶ nepw ae- _ m¿ Im≥k¿ sk‚- d ns‚ ]Ww Fhn- s S- t ∏mbn F∂p≈ tNmZyw D∂-bn-®-Xv. [mc-W-{]-Im-c-ap-≈ ]Ww ]q¿W-ambpw Im\U \¬In-sb∂pw F∂m¬ 12 tImSn-bpsS _m°n XpI Fhn-sSt∏mbn F∂-Xn\v sXfn-hn√ F∂p-amWv kn_nsF ]d-™-Xt{X! emhven≥ tIkv C√m-Xmbn´n√ F∂v a‰m-sc-°mfpw \∂mbn

16

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

R߃°-dn-bmw. kn _n sF tImS-Xn-bn¬ Nm¿Pv sNbvXn-cn-°p∂ tIkv XpS-cs´. kwÿm-\-Øn\v [\-\jvSw D≠m-°p-∂-Xn\pw emhven\p t\´-ap-≠m-°p-∂-Xn\pw ]nW-dmbn hnP-b\pw a‰p-≈-hcpw IqSn KqVm-tem-N\ \SØn F∂mWt√m Ip‰m-tcm-]-Ww. hy‡n-]-c-amb kmº-Øn-I-t\´w D≠m-°n-bn´n-s√∂v HSp-hn¬ kn _n sF Xs∂ kΩ-Xn-®-t√m. ]ns∂-¥n\p th≠n-bmbncp∂p KqVm-tem-N\? kz¥w aWvU-e-apƒs∏-Sp∂ Pn√-bn¬ Hcp Im≥k¿ Bip-]{Xn ÿm]n°mt\m? P\m-[n-]-Xy-am¿K-ß-fn-eqsS Xnc-s™-Sp-°-s∏´ Hcp a{¥n kz¥w Pn√-bn¬ k¿°m¿ DS-a-ÿ-X-bn¬ Hcm-ip-]{Xn ÿm]n-°m≥ th≠n KqVm-tem-N\ \SØn F∂ Btcm-]-WØns‚ \ne-\n¬∏v F{X-Imew D≠m-Ip-sa∂v \ap°p ImØn-cp∂p ImWmw. Bip-]{Xn°p e`y-am-Ip-sa∂p ]d™ hntZ-i-k-lmbw Dd-∏p-h-cp-Øp-∂-Xn¬ ]cm-P-b-s∏-´Xv Bcv F∂pw tImS-Xn-bn¬ hy‡-am-Ipw. Aß-s\sb-¶n¬ ]ns∂-¥n-\mWv Cusbmcp ]pkvXIw? kao-]-Im-eØv F\n-°p-≠mb Hc-\p-`hw Cu kµ¿`-Øn¬ kvac-Wo-b-am-Wv. NßmØ apXemfnØØns‚ AgnaXn]¿hw F∂ Xes°´n¬ Hcp ]pkv X Iw Rms\gpXns°m- ≠ n- c n- ° p- I - b m- W v . ssk_¿ temIØpw Bib{]NcWw i‡amIp∂ C°meØv B ]pkv X IcN\bv ° v ]pXnsbmcp coXnbmWv kzoIcn®n´pffXv . FgpXnØocp∂ apdbv°v Hmtcm A[ymbhpw Fs‚ tªmKn¬ A]vtemUv sNøpw. C‚¿s\‰n¬ kPohambn CSXp]£ Bib-{]N-cWØn¬ G¿s∏Sp∂ hensbmcp kwLØns‚ Iq´mbvasb D]-tbmKs∏SpØn C‚dmŒohv aoUnbbpsS Hcp km[yX ]co£n°pI F∂ e£yhpw Cu kwcw`Øn\p ]n∂nep≠v. AhcpsS \n¿tZißfpw Iq´nt®¿°epIfpwhgn ]pkvXIw hnIkn°pw. tªmKn¬ {]kn-≤o-I-cn® H∂mw A[ymbØn¬ ]pkvXIØns‚ e£yw, XpS¿∂p≈ A[ymbßfpsS D≈S°w F∂nh hniZ-am-°nbn´p≠v. CXn¬ emhv-en≥ tIkns\°pdn®v ]{¥≠mw A[ym-b-Øn¬ ]cm-a¿in-°p∂p F∂p hy‡-am-°n-bn-´p-≠v. AXn-ß-s\bmWv... AgnaXns°Xncmb kacw tIcfØns‚ A\p`hw: CSXp]£-samgnsI C¥ybnse apJy[mcm ]m¿´nIƒs°m∂n\pw Agn-aXn-hncp≤ t]mcm´Øn¬ hnizmkyXbn√. emhvens‚ cm{„o-bI≈°Y am‰n\n¿Ønbm¬ C¥ybnse CSXp]£ ]m¿-´n-Iƒs°Xnsc Hcp Btcm]Wwt]mepw \ne-\n¬-°p∂n√. 35 h¿jsØ _wKmƒ `cW-sØ°pdn®v ]e hna¿-i\ßfpap≠v . ]t£, AgnaXn \SØnsb∂v Bcpw ]d™n´n√. tIm¨- { K- k ns‚ AgnaXnIsf \ymboIcn°m≥ emhv e n≥ tIkmWv Ah-cpb¿Øp∂Xv. AXpsIm≠v Cu A[ym-b-Øn¬

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

17

emhv e n≥ tIkns‚ s]m≈Øcw Hcn°¬°qSn Xpd∂p ImWn°p∂p (ASnhc Iq´nt®¿ØXv). AtXmsSm∏w Ign™ F¬ Un F^v k¿°m¿ AgnaXn C√mXm°p∂Xn\v \SØnb tZi-hym]I {]k‡nbp≈ ]co£W߃ hniZoIcn°pIbpw sNøp∂p. temIv]m¬ sIm≠p am{Xw AgnaXnbn√mXmhn√. AXn-t\msSm∏w \nehnep≈ `cWkwhn[m\sØ ASnapSn ]cnjv-Icn-°m\p≠v. CXp-hm-bn® Pb-N-{µ≥ Ce-¶Øv F∂ teJ-I≥ tUm. tXmakv sFk°ns‚ ]pkv X IØn¬ emhv e n≥ tIkv h≥ AgnaXn ]´nIbn¬ F∂ Xe-s°-´n¬ at\m-c-a-bn¬ Hcp hm¿Ø-sb-gp-Xn. ta¬ D≤cWnbnse GXm≠v F√mhmNIßfpw At±lØns‚ dnt∏m¿´nep≠v, ASnhcbn´ hmNIsamgnsI. ka¿Yambn Hgnhm°nb hmNIw X\n°p tXm∂nb]Sn hymJym\n®v At±lw hmb\°mcpsS ap∂nte°v Cßs\ hnfºn: ""]m¿´n ktΩf\ßfpsS thfbn¬ AgnaXn°YIfpsS Iq´Øn¬ emhven≥ tIkpw N¿®mhnjbam°Wsa∂ "kqN\'bpw sFkIv \¬Ip∂p≠v.'' thsdmcp hmNIanßs\: ""... ]pXnb ]pkvXIØn¬ sFk°ns‚ t\XrXzØn¬ kn ]n FΩns‚ HutZymKnI tNcnbn¬ cq]saSpØ ]pXnb {[phoIcWØns‚ kqN\Ifpap≠v.'' hm¿ØbpsS Ahkm\`mKØpw "kqN\'bpsS sXcp°qØp≠v. AXnßs\. ""..sFkIv Cu hnjbØn¬ hn Fkv A\pIqenIfpsS C‚¿s\‰v Iq´mbvabpw e£yanSp∂psh∂mWv kqN\.'' slm. F{X kqN-\-Iƒ. Fs¥mcp {LmW-i-‡n. emhven≥ tIknse s]m≈Øcw Xpd∂p Im´pw F∂p ]d™Xns\, "sFkIv CXm h≥ AgnaXn°YIfpsS Iq´Øn¬ emhv e ns\bpw Dƒs∏SpØn' F∂p hymJym\n® ]{Xw ]Ww sImSpØp hmßn hmbnt°≠n h∂htcmSp klX]n°pItb hgnbp≈q. at\mcam BgvN]Xn∏nte°p th≠ ss]¶nfn-t\mh-ep-I-fnte°p≈ hn`h߃ sa\s™Sp°p∂ AtX `mh\ D]-tbmKn®v cmjv{SobmhtemI\߃ Nps´Sp°p∂h¿°v Nne-sc-sb¶nepw sX‰n≤cn∏n°m≥ Ignt™°mw. NnecpsSsb¶nepw a\-knse sX‰n≤mcW am{Xta Ah¿ B{Kln°p∂pap≈q. ]t£, ]cn-anX-hn-`-hcmb Cu Ip_p≤nIƒ Hcp°p∂ NXn°pgnbn¬ hogm-Xn-cn-°-Wsa¶n¬ {]iv\ßsf kw_‘n®v ka{Kamb [mcW Bh-iyamWv. Hcp ]{Xhmb\°mc\pw XobXnbpw Xes°´pw Ah-bnse hnh-cßfpw klnXw F√m hm¿Øbpw Hm¿-Øncn°m\mhn√. hm¿Øsb kw_‘n°p∂ tcJIfpw hnh-cß-fpsam∂pw At\zjn®p t]mbn, icntbm sXt‰m F∂p ]cn-tim[n°m\pw hmb\°mc\p Ignbn√.

18

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

]t£, hmbn®p ad∂ Nne Xes°´pIfpw Nne "kqN\'Ifpsams° hmb\°mcs‚ Xet®mdn¬ AhnShnsS ]‰n∏nSn®p InSt∂°mw. Aßs\ InS°p∂ NneXns\ ka¿Yambn D]tbmKs∏SpØnbmWv ]{X߃ cmjv{Sobe£ytØmsS A]hmZ߃ {]Ncn∏n°p∂Xv. Cu ]pkv X IØn¬ kmam\yw hniZambn {]Xn]mZn°p∂ "hcZmNmcnbpsS Xe]cntim[\°Y' AXn\p sXfnhmWv. cmjv{Sobe£ytØmsS Xbmdm°n am[ya߃ {]Ncn∏n°p∂ A]-hmZ{]NcWßsf hkvXpXIfpsS klmbtØmsS sXfnhp-klnXw Xpd∂p ImWn°pI F∂ ZuXyw sIm≠pam{Xta hmb\-°mcs\ PmKcqK\m°m≥ Ignbq. Aßs\ am[yakm£cX t\Sp∂ kaqlØn\pap∂n¬ \pW{]NcWw \SØn k¿°ptej≥ h¿-[n-∏n-°m\mhn√ F∂ Ahÿbnte°v am[yaßsfbpw FØn-°Ww. B e£yamWv CØ-c-samcp \o≠ hni-Zo-IcWw {]k-‡-am°p-∂-Xv. GXm≠v Hcp Zim-_vZ-°mew F{Xtbm aWn-°q-dp-Ifpw Xmfp-Ifpw BtLm-jn® Btcm-]-W-߃ ASn-ÿm-\-c-ln-X-amWv F∂v sXfnhpklnXw hy‡- a m- ° p∂Xv kXy- k - ‘ XtbmSpw DØchmZnØtØmSpw IqSnbp≈ am[ya{]h¿Ø\Øn\p th≠ cmjv{Sobt]mcm´amWv. am[yaßtfmtSm am[ya{]h¿ØItcmtSm D≈ ]It]m°e√, am[y- a - ß sf \in- ∏ n- ° p- I - b - √ , Ahsc XncpØen\p t{]cn∏n°pIbmWv Cu {KŸØns‚ e£yw.

C\n-bp≈ A[ym-b-߃
Cu {KŸsØ aq∂p `mK-ß-fmbn Xncn-°mw. BZysØ aq∂v A[ymb߃ BapJ A[ymbßfmWv . emhv e n≥ Icm- d n- ¬ [mcWm]{Xw, I¨kƒ´‚ ns‚ tkh\߃°mbp≈ Icm¿, A\p_‘°cm¿ F∂nßs\ aq∂v Bhnjv I mcL´ßfp≠v . CXn\ptijamWv \n¿hlWw. Chsb°pdn®p≈ efnXamb Hcp s]mXphnhcWw \¬Ip∂p≠v (A-[ymbw 2). ta¬∏d™ A[ymbØn¬ hkvXp\njvTamb kw`-hhn-hc-Wam-sW¶n¬ Chbpambn _‘s∏´v 2001 apXep≈ Hcp ]Xn-‰m-≠pImeØv \S∂ am[yahnNmcWbpsS Hcp A\p{Ia ]´n-I-bmWv ASpØ A[ymbØn¬ \¬Ip∂Xv. hniZmw-iß-fn-te°p IS°msX emhven≥ hnhmZw kw_‘n® Hcp hnl-Kho-£Ww ChnsS \¬Ip∂p. (A-[ymbw 3). c≠mw `mK-ØmWv emhven≥ hnhm-Z-Øn¬ {]N-cn-∏n-°-s∏´ ASnÿm-\-c-ln-X-amb A]-hm-Z-ß-tfm-tcm∂ns\bpw Xpd∂p ImWn-°p∂-Xv. Imem-\p-{I-a-amb {]Xn-]m-Z-\-Øn\v {ian-®n-´n-√. Iae C‚¿\mjW¬, sSIv\n°menb Iº\n, A\[nIrX kzØp-kºm-Z\w XpSßn ss{Iw hmcnI ]nWdmbn hnPbs\Xnsc D∂-bn® A]-hmZ-

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

19

ßsf Xpd∂p ImWn°p∂p. (A-[ymbw 4). G‰hpw Ah- k m\w cwK- { ]- t hiw sNbv X Zo]Iv Ipam¿ AgnaXn∏Ww ssI∏‰nbXn\p ZrIvkm£n am{Xambncp∂n√, Hcp sIme]mXIØns‚ sXfnhpwIqSn lmPcm°n. (A-[ymbw 5). Cu {KŸ-Øn¬ ]cn-tim-[n-°p∂ a‰p {][m-\-s∏´ A]-hm-Z-hnj-b-߃ Ch-bmWv: emhv-en≥ Icm-dns\ FXn¿Ø hc-Zm-Nm-cn-bpsS Xe ]cn-tim-[n-°m≥ ]nWdmbn hnPb≥ FgpXnsb∂p ]dbp∂ Ipdn∏v (A-[ymbw 6), sk{I-t´-dn-b-‰n¬\n∂pw sshZypXn t_m¿Un¬ \n∂pw ap°nb \n¿Wm-b-I-amb ^b-ep-I-sf-°p-dn-®p-≈ I≈°-YIƒ (A- [ ymbw 7), ap≥ sshZypXn t_m¿Uv sNb¿ams‚ acWØn\pw ]∂n-bm¿ A]-I-SØn\pw emhven≥ Icm-dp-ambn _‘w (A-[ymbw 8), kn F Pn, kn _n sF, Kh¿W¿, F Pn XpS-ßnb Hm^o-kp-I-fn¬\n∂pw tNm¿Ønb kw{`-a-P-\-I-amb cl-ky-߃ (A[ymbw 9). aq∂mw `mK-ØmWv Ct∏mgpw tImS-Xn-bn¬ XpS-cp∂ KqVm-temN\t°kns‚ \m\m-h-i-ßsf ]cn-tim-[n-°p-∂-Xv. emhven≥ Icm¿ Bhnjv I cn®Xn\v DØchmZnbmcv F∂Xp Xs∂bmWv tI{µ {]iv\w. Fw H bp dq´v kw_‘n®v \b]camb Xocp-am\-saSp-°pIbpw F√m PesshZypX ]≤XnIfpw \hoIcn°p∂Xn\v emhv-en\pambn [mcWbnseØpIbpw AXns‚ BZy]Snbmbn ]ffn-hmk¬ ˛ sN¶pfw ˛ ]∂nbm¿ ]≤XnIƒ°v [mcWm]{Xhpw AXns‚ ASnÿm\Øn¬ I¨kƒ´‚ v F∂ \nebn¬ emhv e n≥ Iº\n \¬tI≠ \m\mhn[ tkh\ßsf°pdn®v Icmdp≠m°pIbpw sNbvX bp Un F^v k¿°mcn\mtWm DØchmZnXzw? AtXm I¨kƒ´‚ v Icm¿ {]Imcw km[\߃ hmßn\¬Ip∂Xn\v NpaXes∏´ emhven\v \nehnep≠mbncp∂ hyhÿIƒ tIcfØn\v Ipd®pIqSn A\pIqeam°n A\p_‘Icmdnte¿s∏´ F¬ Un F^v k¿°mcmtWm DØchmZn? (A[ymbw 10). Pn Im¿Øn-tI-bs‚ _‘w hnt—-Zn®v ]pXn-sbmcp KpVm-tem-N\-bmbn ]nW-dmbn hnP-bs‚ ImesØ \S-]-Sn-Isf am‰p-∂-Xn\p th≠n-bmWv _mem-\-µ≥ dnt∏m¿´ns‚ ip]m¿i-Iƒ adn-I-S∂p F∂ Bt£]w D∂-bn-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. CXns‚ \nP-ÿnXn kmam\yw hniZ-am-bn-Øs∂ ]cn-tim-[n-°p-∂p-≠v. (A-[ymbw 11). hy‡n]cambn kmºØnIt\´w ]nWdmbn hnP-b\p-≠m-bns√¶nepw ae_m¿ Im≥k¿ Bip-]-{Xn Xe-t»cnbn¬ ÿm]n-°pIbmbncp∂t{X At±lØns‚ D∂w. Cu Bip]{Xn°v hmKv-Zm\w sNø-s∏´ It\-Un-b≥ klmbw \jvS-s∏-´Xn\v DØchmZnbmcv? (A[ymbw 12). A]hmZ{]NcWImeØv 374 tImSn cq]bpsS Agn-aXn-t°-km-

20

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

bn´mWv emhven≥ hntijn∏n°s∏´ncp∂Xv. kn F Pn dnt∏m¿´nse Hcp B\pjwKnI ]cma¿isØ ASn-ÿm-\am-°n-bmbncp∂p Cu A]hmZ°Y sI´ns∏m°nbXv. CXns‚ \nP-ÿnXn ]cn-tim[n°p∂p (A[ymbw 13). Ahkm\ A[ymbØn¬ ta¬∏d™ hkvXpXIfpsS ASnÿm\Øn¬ ]nWdmbn hnPb\pta¬ Btcm]n® KqVmtemN\°p‰w \ne\n¬°ptam F∂mWv ]cntim[n°p∂Xv. HcpImcyw Xo¿®. KqVmtemN\ \S∂n´ps≠¶n¬ {]Xnÿm\Øv bp Un F^v k¿°mcnse a{¥namcmbncn°pw (A-[ymbw 14). kmº-ØnI Agn-a-Xn-bm-tcm-]Wßf-S-°-ap≈ A]-hm-Z-{]-NcWw C\n tIc-f-Øn¬ ¢®p-]n-Sn-°m≥ t]mIp-∂n-√. ChbpsS {]Nmc-Wahkm-\n-®mepw Hcp Zim_vZw \o≠ A]-hm-Z{]-NcWw krjvSn® - - ap≥hn-[n-Iƒ kaqlØns‚ D]-t_m[ a\-kn¬ XpS-cpw. CXp Xs∂bmWv A]-hmZ {]Nm-c-I-cpsS e£y-hpw. Cu t{]X-_m-[-sbm-gn-∏n°p-∂-Xn\v Zpcm-tcm-]-W-߃ Hmtcm-∂n-s\bpw bp‡n-`-{Z-amb coXnbn¬ Xpd∂p ImWn-t°-≠Xv Bh-iy-am-Wv. apJy-[mcm am[y-a-ßfpsS ]n¥p-W-bn-√mØXv CXv {ia-I-c-am-°p-∂p-≠v. tIc-f-Ønse CSXp-]£ {]ÿm-\-tØmSv B`n-apJyw ]pe¿Øp∂ h¿K-_-lp-P\ kwL-S-\-Ifpw kmwkvIm-cnI ÿm]-\-ß-fp-sa√mw s]mXp-th-Zn-I-fn¬ ssZ\w-Zn\w \S-Øp∂ kwhm-Z-ß-fn-eqsStb ]m¿´n t\Xr-Xz-Øn-s\Xnsc Hcp ]Xn-‰m≠pImew \o≠ A]-hm-Z-{]-Nm-c-W-Øns‚ _m[sbm-gn∏n-°m-\m-hq. CXn\v Cu {KŸw klm-b-I-am-Ip-sa∂p IcpXp∂p.

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

21

2 F¥mWv emhven≥ Icm¿? tIcfØnse sshZypXn D¬∏m-Z\w apJy-ambpw Pe-ssh-ZypX ]≤-Xn-IsfbmWv B{i-bn-°p-∂-Xv. Xm]-\n-e-b-ß-sfbpw BW-h\ne-b-ß-sfbpw At]-£n®v hfsc Ipd™ sNe-hn¬ sshZypXn D¬∏m-Zn-∏n°mw F∂-XmWv Pe-ssh-ZypX ]≤-Xn-I-fpsS BI¿jWw. 1940 ¬ k¿ kn ]n cma-kzman Aø¿ ]≈n-hm-k¬ Pe-sshZypX ]≤Xn ÿm]n-®-tXm-sS-bmWv Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq-dn¬ B[p-\nI hyh-km-b-߃ cq]wsIm≈m≥ XpS-ßn-b-Xv. 1951 Bb-t∏m-tg°pw ]≈nhmk¬ ]≤XnbpsS hnI-k\w ]q¿Øn-bm-bn. CXns‚ ÿm]nX-tijn 37.5 saKm-hm-´m-Wv. s]cn-bm¿ t_kn-\n¬ Xs∂ ÿm]n-®n´p-≈ a‰p c≠p Pe-ssh-ZypX ]≤-Xn-I-fmWv sN¶p-fhpw (1954) ]∂nbmdpw (1964). Ch-bpsS ÿm]n-X-tijn bYm-{Iaw 48 saKm-hm´pw 30 saKm-hm-´p-am-Wv. Aßs\ tIc-f-Ønse G‰hpw ]g-°-ap-≈ Pe-sshZypX ]≤-Xn-I-fn¬ Dƒs∏-Sp-∂-h-bmWv Ch. PesshZypX ]≤XnIfpsS Bh¿Ø-\-s®-ehv Xmc-X-tay\ Xmgv∂-Xm-Wv, {]h¿Ø-\m-bpkv Xmc-X-tay\ Zo¿L-hpw. F¶nepw 35 h¿jw Ign-bp-tºmƒ Ch kaq-e-ambn ]p\-cp-≤-cn-t°-≠-XmWv F∂mWv hnZ-Kv[-a-Xw. ^e-{]-Z-amb A‰-Ip-‰-∏-Wn-I-fpw `mKn-I-amb \ho-I-cWwsIm≠pw {]h¿Ø-\m-bp v \o´m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. ]t£, ]g°-ta-dp-t¥mdpw D¬∏m-Z-\-kvXw-`-\hpw A]-I-S-km-[y-X-Ifpw Gdns°m-≠n-cn-°pw. CXp-aq-e-ap-≠mIm-\n-Sbp≈ \jvSw IW-°nseSp-°ptºmƒ Pe-ssh-ZypX ]≤-Xn-Iƒ kaq-e-ambn ]p\-cp-≤-cn-t°-≠Xv Bh-iy-amWv F∂ \nK-a-\-Øn¬ 1991-˛96 ImesØ F sI B‚Wn k¿°m¿ FØn-t®¿∂p. Pe-ssh-ZypX ]≤-Xn-I-fpsS \ho-I-c-W-Øn\v AXn-`o-a-amb

22

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

apX¬ap-S-°p-th-Ww. hntZ-iØp\n∂v b{¥-ßfpw a‰pw Cd-°p-aXn sNtø≠nh∂m¬ hntZ-i-\m-W-bhpw Is≠-Ø-Ww. C{Xbpw hn`-h߃ Is≠-ØpI _p≤n-ap-´m-bn-cn°pw F∂p-f-f-Xm-bn-cp∂p s]mXpA`n-{]m-bw. AXp-sIm≠v km[m-c-W-K-Xn-bn¬ \n¿Ωm-W-{]-h¿Ø\-ßfpw a‰pw \S-Øp-tºmƒ sNøp-∂Xp t]mse sS≥U¿ hnfn®v Icm¿ sImSp- ° pIbpw \n¿ΩmWw ]q¿Øo- I - c n®p Ign- ™ m¬ k¿°m¿ ]Ww \¬Ip-Ibpw sNøp∂ coXn Ah-ew-_n-°pI _p≤nap-´m-bn-cn°pw. CXn\p]Icw Pe-ssh-ZypX ]≤-Xn-I-fpsS \n¿ΩmW \ho-I-c-W-{]-h¿Ø-\-߃°v kz¥ambn ]Ww Is≠-Øp-Itbm hntZ-i-hmbv] Xc-s∏-Sp-Øn-s°m-Sp-°p-Itbm sNøp∂ Iº-\n-Isf Is≠Øn D`-b-I£n N¿®-bn-eqsS Icm-dn-te¿s∏-SpI F∂ k{ºZm-bsØ t{]m’m-ln-∏n-°m≥ tI{µk¿°m¿ Xocp-am-\n-®p. Bhiy-amb {]Nm-cWw \¬Inbtijw \ho-I-c-W-{]-h¿Ø\w Gs‰-Sp°m≥ apt∂m-´p-h-cp∂ Iº-\n-I-fp-ambn N¿® sNbvXv Ah-cp-ambn [mc-Wm-]-{X-Øn¬ (sa-tΩm-dm≠w Hm^v A≠¿Ãm≥UnwKv AYhm Fw H -bp) H∏p-sh-bv°pw. AXp-sIm≠v Cu k{º-Zm-b-Øn\v Fw H bp dq´v F∂ t]cpw hoWp. Fw H bp dq´n-eq-sS- tIc-f-Ønse Pessh-ZypX ]≤-Xn-Iƒ \ho-I-cn-°p-∂-Xn\pw ]pXnb Xm]-\n-e-b-߃ ÿm]n-°p-∂-Xn\pw B‚Wn k¿°mcmWv Xocp-am-\n-®-p.

Icm-dns‚ aq∂p-L-´-߃
t\csØ ]d-™-Xp-t]mse Icm-dns‚ BZy-L´w [mc-Wm-]{Xw H∏p-sh-bv°-em-Wv. [mc-Wm-]-{X-Øn¬ ]≤-Xn-tbsX∂pw AXns‚ \n¿Ωm-W \ho-I-c-W-{]-h¿Ø-\-߃ Fs¥m-s°-sb∂pw F{X sNe-hm-Ip-sa-∂pw ]d-™n-cn-°pw. hni-Z-amb ]cn-tim-[-\-bpsS ASnÿm-\-Øn¬ Chbv°v am‰w hcpØmhp-∂-Xm-Wv. ]≤Xn \S-Øn-∏n\p≈ I¨kƒ´‚ v Iº\n GsX∂pw hy‡-am-bn-cn-°pw. AXpt]mseXs∂ t{]mP-IvSn\v Bhiy-amb ]Ww FhnsS\n∂v hmbv]bmbn e`y-amIpsa∂pw hy‡-am-°n-bn-cn-°pw. Icm-dns‚ c≠mw L´w ]≤-Xn-bpsS I¨kƒ´‚ns‚ Npa-XeIƒ IrXy-ambn \n¿h-Nn-®p-sIm-≠p-ff "I¨kƒ´‚ns‚ tkh-\߃°m-bp-ff Icm¿' H∏p-sh-bv°-em-Wv. ]≤XnbpsS BhnjvIcWw, Unssk-\nwKv, sS≥U¿ hnfn-°¬, b{¥kma{KnIƒ hm߬, ÿm]n°¬, ]≤Xn ta¬-t\m´w, Iao-j≥sNø¬, hntZi hmbv] e`yam°¬ F∂nh-sbm-s°bmWv I¨kƒ´‚ v Iº\n \¬tI≠ tkh\߃. D]IcW- ß fpsS hniZmw- i - ß fpw hneIfpw Cu Icmdn¬Xs∂ D≠mbn-cn°pw. Icm-dns‚ aq∂mwL´-Øn\v HutZym-KnIamb t]cv AsU≥Uw Icm¿ AYhm A\p-_‘Icm¿ F∂mWv. Nne¿ CXns\ kssπ Icm¿ - - F∂pw hnfn-°pw. I¨kƒ´‚ns‚ tkh-\߃ kw_-‘n® Icm-dn¬ -

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

23

]d-™n-cn-°p∂ am\-Z-WvU-߃°v A\p-kr-X-ambn b{¥-km-a-{Kn-Iƒ ÿm]n®v {]h¿Øn-∏n-°p-∂-Xn-\p-ff A\p-a-Xn-bmWv Cu aq∂mw-L´Ønse Icm¿. CtXmsS Icm¿ {]{Inb ]q¿Øn-bm-Ipw. ]≤Xn \n¿hl-W-Øn-tebv°p \oßpw. \n¿h-l-W-th-f-bn¬ Icm¿ {]Im-c-ap-ff ]Wn-Iƒ I¨kƒ´‚ v ]q¿Øo-I-cnt®m F∂p \ΩpsS DtZym-K-ÿ¿ ]cn-tim-[n-®-tijw Ah-cpsS _n√p-I-f-\p-k-cn®v XpI \¬Ipw. CXn\p-ff hmbv] I¨kƒ´‚p Xs∂ AXn-\Iw Xc-s∏-Sp-Øn-Ø∂n-cn°pw. bp Un F^v `cWImeØv D≠m-°nb 13 sshZypX ]≤Xn Icm-dpIfpw [mcWm]{XcoXnbmWv Ahew_n®Xv. CXn¬ aqs∂Æw Pe-ssh-ZypX ]≤-Xn-I-fm-bn-cp-∂p. H∂m-a-tØ-Xv, 1995˛¬ Icm¿ H∏n´ Ip‰ymSn FIvkvsS≥j≥ ]≤-Xn-bm-Wv. kn hn ]fl-cm-P≥ sshZypX a{¥n- b m- b n- c n- ° p∂ Ime- Ø mWv CXn- \ p- f f [mc- W m- ] - { Xhpw I¨kƒ´‚ns‚ tkh-\-߃°p-ff Icmdpw H∏p-sh-®-Xv. kssπ Icm¿ AYhm A\p-_‘ Icm-dn¬ H∏p-sh-®Xv Pn Im¿Øn-tI-b≥ a{¥n-bm-b-Xn\p tij-am-Wv. Fkv-F≥kn emhven≥ Bbn-cp∂p I¨kƒ´‚ v. t\cn-baw-Kew ]≤-Xn-bpsS \ho-IcWw F_n_n F∂ kznkvIº-\nsb G¬∏n-°p-∂-Xn-\mWv bp Un- F^v k¿°m¿ Xocp-am-\n®-Xv. CXn-\p-≈ [mc-Wm-]{Xw kn hn ]fl-cm-P≥ a{¥n-bm-bn-cns° H∏p-sh-b°p-Ibp-≠m-bn. Ch-cp-am-bp-ff I¨kƒ´‚ v tkh-\߃-°p-≈ v Icm¿ H∏n-Sm≥ Ign-bp-∂Xn\p apºv bp Un F^v `cWw Ah-km-\n®p. -

]f-fn-hm-k¬˛sN¶pfw˛]∂n-bm¿ ]≤-Xn-IfpsS ]p\-cp-≤m-cWw Fw H bp dq´v {]I-c-ap-ff Pe-ssh-ZypX ]≤-Xn-I-fpsS ]p\-cp≤m-c-W-Øn-\mbn ASp-Ø-Xmbn Xnc-s™-Sp-ØXv ]≈n-hm-k¬ ˛ sN¶pfw ˛ ]∂n-bm¿ Pe-ssh-ZypX ]≤-Xn-Isf-bm-W.v aq∂pw Fkv F≥ kn emhv-en≥ Iº\n hgn \S-∏m-°m-\m-Wv [mc-Wm-]-{X-Øn¬ Xocpam-\n-®-Xv. CSp°n ]≤-Xn-b-S°w tIc-f-Ønse Pe-ssh-ZypX taJ-ebn¬ Cu Im\Um Iº-\n-bv°pff Zo¿L-Ime ]cn-Nbw ]cn-K-Wn®p-sIm≠v Cu aq∂v Pe-ssh-ZypX \ne-b-߃ am{X-a-√, Imem-h[n ]q¿Øn-bm-°nb F√m \ne-b-ßfpw Fkv-F≥kn emhv-en≥ hgn ]p\cp-≤m-cWw \SØmw F∂v [mc-Wm-]{X-Øns‚ Bap-JØn¬ FSpØp ]d-™n-´p-≠v. CXns‚ BZy -K-Up-hm-bn-´m-bn-cp∂p ]nFkv]n ]≤Xn-Isf emhv-ens\ G¬∏n-®p-sIm-Sp-°m-\p-ff [mc-Wm-]-{Xw. \ho-IcW ]p\-cp-≤m-cW ]≤-Xn-Iƒ Gs‰-Sp-°p-∂-Xn\v Fkv-F≥kn emhven\pw sI F-kv -C -_n-bp-ambn kwbp-‡-kw-cw`w cq]o-I-cn-°m-sa∂v bp Un- F^v ImeØv Xøm-dm-°nb [mc-Wm-]-{X-Øn¬ ]d-™n-cp∂p. 1995 BKÃv 10\v \hoIc- W - Ø n\pth≠n Fkv F≥ kn emhv e n\pambn [mcWm- ] {Xw H∏n´p. XpS¿∂v hniZmwi߃ cq]s∏SpØm≥ Pn Im¿ØntIb≥ 1995 HIvtSm_¿ amkØn¬ Im\U kµ¿in®p. 1996 s^{_phcn 26\v At±lØns‚ ImeØp

24

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

Xs∂ I¨kƒ´‚ns‚ tkh-\-߃°p th≠n-bp-ff IcmdpIfpw H∏p sh®p. CXn¬ b{¥-km-a-{Kn-Iƒ BtKmf sS≥U¿ hgn hmßW-sa-∂p hyhÿ sNbvXn-cp-∂n-√. hmbv] \¬Ip∂ Im\-U-bnse Iº-\n-I-fn¬ \n∂p Xs∂ hmß-W-sa-∂m-bn-cp∂p \n_-‘-\. Chcn¬ \n∂v sS≥U¿ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ Ch hmtß-≠-Xns‚ Npa-Xe Fkv-F≥kn emhv-en-\m-bn-cp-∂p. b{¥-km-a-{Kn-Iƒ Hmtcm-∂n-s‚bpw kqN-\m-hn-e-Iƒ Icm-dn¬ hyhÿ sNbvXn-cp-∂p. 1996 sabv amkØn¬ tIc-f-Øn¬ `c-W-am-‰-ap-≠m-bn. C sI \mb-\mcpsS t\XrXzØn¬ F¬ Un -F^v a{¥n-k` A[n-Im-c-ta‰p. ]nWdmbn hnP-b≥ sshZypX a{¥nbmbn. Pn Im¿Øn-tI-bs‚ ImeØv H∏n´ Icmdn¬ \n∂v Cu k¿°m-cn\v ]n∑m-dm-\m-Ip-am-bn-cp∂n-√. A\p_‘Icm¿ H∏n´p-sIm≠v ]≤Xn \n¿hlWhpambn apt∂m´p t]mIpI am{Xta sI Fkv C _nbv°v km[y-am-bn-cp-∂p≈q. Aß-s\, 1997 s^{_phcn 10\v ta¬∏d™ IcmdpIfpsS XpS¿ \S]Snbmbn A\p_‘IcmdpIfpw H∏p sh®p. F∂m¬ Im\-Ubn¬ Cd-°p-aXn sNtø≠ Ipdhv hcpØm\pw 1996˛se hne-bn¬ Xs∂ 2001˛¬ km[-\-߃ e`y-am-°-W-sa∂v hyhÿ sNøm\pw ]nW-dmbn hnP-bs‚ ImeØv Ign-™p. CXp-aqew hntZiØp\n∂v Cd°paXn sNøp∂ b{¥kma-{KnIƒ-°mbn sNe-hnSp∂ XpIbn¬ Pn Im¿ØntIbs‚ ImeØv kΩXn®Xn¬ \n∂pw 32 tImSnbne[nIw cq]bpsS Ipdhp hcpØn. Im\-U-bnse C Un knbn¬ (FIvkvt]m¿´v sUh-e-∏vsa‚ v tIm¿]-td-j≥) \n∂pw e`yam°p∂ hmbv]-bpsS \nc°pIfn¬ Ipdhp hcpØm\pw ]nWdmbn hnPbs‚ t\Xr-XzØn¬ Im\U kµ¿in® HutZymKnI kwLØn\v Ign™p. emhven≥ Icm-dn¬ bp Un- F^v D≠m-°nb hyh-ÿ-Ifpw F¬ Un F^v hcp-Ønb am‰-ßfpw: bp Un- F^v D≠m-°nb Icmdnse hyh-ÿ-Iƒ km[\ kma-{Kn-IfpsS hne 157 tImSn I¨kƒ´≥kn ^okv 24 tImSn ]eni 7.8 iX-am\w Ian-‰vsa‚ v Nm¿Pv 0.5 iX-am\w AUvan-\n-kvt{S-j≥ ^okv 0.75 iX-am\w FIvkvt]m-j¿ ^o 5.8 iX-am\w apX¬ 6.25 iX-am\w hsc kmaqly Bh-iy-߃°p≈ {Km‚ v 46 tImSn C\w F¬ Un F^v hcp-Ønb am‰-߃ 131 tImSn 17 tImSn 6.8 iX-am\w 0.375 iX-am\w 0.5 iX-am\w 4.76 iX-am\w

98 tImSn

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

25

ae_m¿ Im≥k¿ sk‚dn\pff [mcWm]{Xw
ta¬ sImSp-Øn-cn-°p∂ ]´n-I-bn¬ kmaqly Bh-iy-߃°p≈ {Km‚ v Fs∂mcp C\-ap-≠v. CXv bYm¿∞-Øn¬ sshZypXn ]p\-cp-≤m-cW Icm-dp-I-fp-ambn t\cn´v _‘-s∏-´p-f-f-h-b-√. hntZiØp \n∂p-ff Hm¿U-dp-Iƒ Im\-U-bnse Iº-\n-Iƒ°v e`n-°p∂Xv t{]m’m- l n- ∏ n- ° p- ∂ - X n- \ p- t h≠n Im\- U - k¿°m- c ns‚ GP≥kn-Iƒ Ahn-I-knX cmPy-߃°p [\-k-lmbw \¬Im-dp-≠v. {Km‚ v Bbn-´mWv Ch ]e-t∏mgpw \¬Ip-I. ]m›m-Xy-cm-Py-ß-ƒ CØ-c-Øn¬ F√m-h¿jhpw HcpXpI Ahn-I-knX cmPy-ßsf klmbn-°m-\mbn \o°n-sh-bv°m-dp-≠v. Ct∏m-gXv k¿°m-cp-Iƒ°√, k∂≤kwL-S-\-Iƒ°mWv IqSp-X¬ hnX-cWw sNøp-∂-Xv. Cu kw`m-h-\- ]e-t∏mgpw ]m›m-Xy-cm-Py-ß-fpsS tIm¿]-td-‰p-Isf t{]m’m-ln-∏n-°p-∂-Xn\p th≠n D]-tbm-Kn-°m-dp-≠v. hntZi [\k-lmbw kw_-‘n®v hfsc hym]-I-amb Hcp hna¿i-\-am-WnXv. C{]-Imcw emhv-en≥ t]mep-ff Iº-\n-Iƒ°p Icm¿ \¬Ip-∂-Xn\p kam-¥-c-ambn tIc-f-Ønepw hnIk\ {]h¿Ø-\-߃°v {Km‚p-Iƒ \¬In-bn-´p-≠v. Ip‰ymSn ]≤-Xn-bpsS ImeØv sshZypXn hnX-cW irwJe i‡n-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xn-\mWv It\-Un-b≥ {Km‚ v e`n-®-Xv. F∂m¬ 1996 am¿®n¬ Pn Im¿Øn-tI-b≥ Fkv-F≥kn emhv-en-≥ sshkv {]knU‚ v t¢mkv s{S≥U-en-s\-gp-Xnb IØn¬ tIc-f-Øn¬ Bip-]-{Xn, sSIv\n-°¬ s{Sbn-\nwKv tImfPv, hm´¿ {So‰vsa‚ v πm‚ v, ]≤Xn {]tZisØ tdmUp-I-fpsS ]p\-cp-≤m-cWw, IpSn-sh-ff ]≤Xn XpS-ßn-bhbv°v hntZi [\-k-lmbw e`y-am-°-W-sa∂v A`y¿∞n-®n-´p-≠v. a{¥nbpsS Im\U kµ¿i-\-Øn\p tij-am-bn-cp∂p Cu IsØ-gpXn-b-Xv. IØns‚ DffS°Øn¬ \n∂v Hcp Imcyw hy‡amWv. {Km‚ns\ kw_‘n®v Im\Ubn¬ sh®p \SØnb N¿®IfpsS XpS¿®bmbncp∂p Cu IØv. C sI \mb-\m-cpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ AS-°ap-ff {]Xn-\n[nkwLw Im\U kµ¿in-®-t∏mƒ kzm`m-hn-I-ambpw It\-Un-b≥ [\-k-lm-b-sØ-°p-dn®pw N¿®h∂p. ae-_m-dn¬ AXy¥m-[p-\nI Im≥k¿ Bip-]{Xn ÿm]n-°p-∂-Xn\v hntZiklmbw e`y-am-°p-∂-Xn\v X߃ ]cn-{i-an-°m-sa∂v Cu kµ¿`ØnemWv BZy- a mbn emhv e n≥ \n¿tZ- i n- ° p- ∂ - X v . 1996 am¿®nse Pn Im¿ØntIbs‚ A`y¿Y\tbmSp≈ {]XnIcWw IqSnbmbncp∂p Cu \n¿tZiw. ]n Fkv ]n Icmdns‚ `mKamb√, adn®v Ahcpambn CSp°n ]≤Xn\n¿hlW kabØpXs∂ Bcw`n® Zo¿L-Ime_‘Øns‚ ASn-ÿm\Ønembncp∂p Im\-U-bn¬\n-∂pff hntZi [\-k-lmbw. emhven≥ Iº\n t\cn´v [\-klmbw e`y-am-°m-sa-

26

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

∂√, adn®v Im\Ubnse k¿°m¿ GP≥kn-Ifn¬ \n∂S°w ]Ww kamlcn®v Bip]{Xn ÿm]n°m-sa∂mWv Fkv-F≥kn emhv-en≥ hmKvZm\w \¬Inb-Xv. CXp-kw-_-‘n®pw Hcp [mc-Wm-]{Xw H∏psh- ® p. Bip- ] - { Xn- b psS hni- Z mw- i - ß ƒ Xocp- a m- \ n- ® - t ijw A¥naIcm-dn¬ H∏n-Sm-sa-∂m-bn-cp∂p [mc-W. 2001 sabv amkØn¬ A[nImcØn¬ h∂ F sI B‚Wn a{¥n-k`bpsS ImeØmWv Icm¿ {]Imcw \n¿amW tPmenIƒ ]q¿ØnbmbXv. A∂v IShq¿ inhZmk\mbncp∂p sshZypXn a{¥n. ]≤Xn-bpsS \n¿amW {]hr-Øn-Iƒ°p-ff ]Ww ]q¿W-ambn \¬InbXv Bcym-S≥ apl-ΩZv sshZyp-Xna-{¥n-bm-bn-cn-°p∂ Ime-Øm-Wv. Ch-cpsS Ime-ØmWv ae-_m¿ Im≥k¿ sk‚¿ kw_-‘n® [mcWm-]{Xw ]pXp-°msX Ime-l-c-W-s∏-´-Xv. Icmdnse Nne hmNI߃ kw_‘n®pff X¿°w aqeamWv H∏pshbv°¬ \o≠pt]mbXv. ]t£, CXn\nsSbn¬ [mcWm]{Xw ]pXp°p∂Xn¬ bp Un F^v Dt]£ ImWn®p. 98 tImSn Xtc≠Xn¬ 12 tImSn am{Xta emhven≥ It\Unb≥ [\klmb GP≥knIfn¬ \n∂p hmßnØ∂pffq. tIcf k¿°mcns‚ \n lIcWw aqew Ah¿ Cu NpaXebn¬ \n∂pw ]n≥hmßn. Cu kµ¿`-Øn¬ Hcp Imcyw IqSn hy‡-am-°m-\p-≠v. kn hn ]fl-cm-P-s‚bpw Pn Im¿Øn-tI-b-s‚bpw ]nW-dmbn hnP-b-s‚bpw ImeØv H∏p-sh® Icm-dp-Iƒ F∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ Ah¿ t\cn´v H∏psh®p F∂p [cn-°-cp-Xv. Cu Icm-dp-I-fn-se√mw H∏p-sh-®n-´p-f-fXv sshZypXn t_m¿Um-Wv. ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ H∏p-sh® Icm¿ hmbv] kw_- ‘ n- ® p- f - f - X m- W v . Ip‰ymSn ]≤- X nbv ° pw ]f- f n- h m- k ¬ ˛ sN¶pfw ˛ ]∂n-bm¿ ]≤-Xn-Iƒ°p-ap-ff It\-Un-b≥ hmbv] tIcf k¿°m¿ hgn-bmWv e`y-am-b-Xv. a‰p kmt¶-XnI Imcy-ß-sf√mw _‘-s∏´ hnZ-Kv[-cmWv Xocp-am-\-sa-Sp-°p-Ibpw Icm-dp-I-fn¬ G¿s∏Sp-Ibpw sNbvX-Xv. IcmdpIƒ hn`mh\w sNbvXXp apX¬ \S∏m°nbXp hscbp≈ \o≠ ImeØv \mev a{¥nk`Ifnembn A©v a{¥nam¿ sshZypXn t_m¿Uns\ \bn®p. F∂m¬ GXm\pw DtZymKÿsc am‰n \n¿Ønbm¬ hnhmZØns‚ Ccbmb cmjv{Sob t\Xmhvv kn ]n sF (Fw) kwÿm\ sk{I´dn ]nWdmbn hnPb≥ am{XamWv F∂Xv hnhm-Z-Øns‚ cmjv{Sob D∂w hy‡-am-°p-∂p.

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

27

3 emhven≥ hnhm-ZØns‚ \mƒhgn tIcfw ISpØ sshZyp-Xn-£m-asØ t\cn-Sp∂ L´-Øn-emWv 1996 se C sI \mb-\m¿ a{¥n-k-`- A[n-Im-c-ta-‰-Xv. 24 Znh-k-tØ°v th≠ sshZypXn D≠m-°m-\p-≈ sh≈ta tIc-f-Ønse F√m AWs°-´p-I-fnepw IqSn D≠m-bn-cp-∂p-f-fq. ]h¿I´v Iq´Wsa-∂m-h-iys∏´v sshZypXn t_m¿Unse sF F≥ Sn- bp kn bqWn-b≥ t]mepw {]kvXm-h-\-bn-d-°nb Ime-am-bn-cp∂p AXv. B Ime-Øns‚ Ccp≠ Hm¿Ωsb Ncn-{X-Øn¬ sImØn-sh-®p-sIm≠v 1998 ¬ {io\n-hm-k≥ Xs‚ {]kn-≤-amb "Nn¥m-hn-jvS-bmb iymaf' F∂ Nn{X-Øns‚ XpS°w Ccp≠ kv{Io\n¬ \n∂m-°n. ]pXnb sshZypX ]≤-XnIƒ°pth≠n am[yaßfn¬ apd-hnfn Db¿∂p. Cu `uXnI kml-N-cy-߃ Db¿Ønb sh√p-hnfn ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ kss[cyw Gs‰-Sp-Øp. A]m-c-amb C—m-i-‡nbpw t\XrKp-Whpw sIm≠v At±lw sshZypX {]Xn-k-‘n-Isf adnI-S-°pI Xs∂ sNbvXp. At±lØns‚ `cWImew sshZypXn t_m¿-Uns‚ Ncn{XØnse G‰hpw Xnf°ap≈ Imeambn hnebncp-Øs∏´p. kn ]n sF (Fw) kwÿm\ sk{I-´-dn-bmbn Xnc-s™-Sp-°-s∏-´-Xn-s\Xp-S¿∂v a{¥n-]Zsam-gn™ ]nW-dmbn hnP-bs\°p-dn®v amXr-`qan Fgp- Xnb apJ-{]-kwKw At±-l-Øns‚ `c-W-ss\-]p-Wy-Øn\p sXfnhmWv. B apJ-{]-kwKØn¬ \n∂v:
shZypXn D¬∏m-Z\ hnX-cW cwK-ß-fn¬ KWy-amb t\´-߃ hnP-bs‚ Ime-Øp-≠m-bn-´p-≠v. F√mw At±lw ap≥I-søSpØp sNbvXp-sh-∂√; XpS-ßn-sh-®-hbpw ]Wn-Xo-cmsX A\¥-ambn \ofp-∂-h-bp-amb ]≤-Xn-Iƒ°pw ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ°pw

28

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

th≠n-bn-cp-∂Xv Hcp D¥v BWv. AX-t±lw sImSp-Øp. temh¿ s]cn-bmdn¬\n∂pw {_“-]p-cØp-\n∂pw sshZypXn In´m≥ XpSßn. I°mSv ]≤-Xn°v ]p\-cp-÷o-h-\-am-bn. BXn-c-∏-≈nbpw Ip‰ymSn FIvÃ≥j\pw ho≠pw Nen-®p-Xp-S-ßn. tIc-f-Øn-\pth≠n Hcp sshZypXn hnI-k-\-\bw {]Jym-]n-®Xv hnP-b-\mWv. AXv s]mXp-ta-J-ebv°pw kzIm-cy-ta-J-ebv°pw ]cn-an-X-amb hntZ-i-aq-e-[-\-Øn\pw ÿm\w \¬Ip∂ H∂m-bn-cp-∂p. hna¿i\-ßsf Ah-K-Wn-®v, tImgn-t°mSv Uok¬ sshZypXn-tI{µw ÿm]n-°p∂ tPmen At±lw XpS-ßn-sh-®p. No\-bn¬\n-∂p≈ klmbkl-I-c-W-ß-tfmsS sNdp-InS sshZyp-X ]-≤-Xn-Iƒ XpS-ßm≥ ]cn-]m-Sn-bp-≠m-°n... -hn-P-b≥ a{¥n-bm-Ip∂ kabØv hyh-km-b-߃°v \qdp-i-X-am\w ]h¿I´v Bbn-cp-∂p. hoSp-Iƒ°v temUvsjUnMv thsd. [mcmfw ag-In´n; sshZypXn D¬∏m-Z\w sa®-s∏-´p; H∂p-c≠p ]≤-Xn-Iƒ D¬∏m-Z-\-£-aß-fmbn; Ing-°≥ {K-nUn-¬\n∂v sshZypXn hmßm≥ a{¥n G¿∏m-Sp-ap-≠m-°n. F√mw-Iq-Sn, aq∂p-sIm-√-Øn-∂-Iw, hyh-kmb-߃°p≈ ]h¿I´v apgp-h≥ \o°m≥ hnP-b\p Ign-™p; Pn√m Bÿm-\-ß-fn¬ temUv sjUnßpw \n¿Øn... (am-Xr`qan 1998 HIvtSm-_¿ 22, hymgw). tIc-f-Ønse sshZypXn {]Xn-k-‘n-bpsS cq£X IqSn IW°n-se-SpØp Xs∂-bmWv 1996 se F sI B‚Wn k¿°m-cns‚ ImeØv H∏p-sh® ]n Fkv ]n ]≤-Xn-I-fp-ambn apt∂m´p t]mIm≥ \mb-\m¿ k¿°m¿ Xøm-dm-b-Xv. CXn-s\-Xnsc hb-em¿ chn-sbbpw sI kn hWp-tKm-]men-s\bpw t]mep-f-f-h¿ Nne Hfn-b-ºp-I-sfbvXp t\m°n- s b- ¶ nepw AsXm∂pw Bcpw Ku\n- ® n- √ . ]n¬°meØv hnhmZØns‚ apJy Bbp[ambn D]tbm-Kn°-s∏´ _mem\µ≥ IΩn‰n dnt∏m¿´pw A°m- e Øp Xs∂- b mWv ]pd- Ø p- h - ∂ - X v . Ahbnse ]cma¿i߃ ]n Fkv ]n ]≤Xn-s°Xnsc D]-tbm-Kn°m≥ am[ya߃ Xømdmbncp∂n√ F∂p am{X-a-√, B dnt∏m-¿´nse \n¿t±-i-߃ kzoI-cn-°p-∂Xv ]n Fkv ]n ]≤-Xn-I-fpsS D¬∏m-Z\ tijnsb _m[n°pw F∂p hna¿in-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. tIc-f-Ønse sshZypXn {]Xn-k‘n ]cn-l-cn-°p∂-Xn¬ \n¿Wm-b-I-amb]¶v ]n Fkv ]n ]p\-cp-≤m-c-W-Øn-\p-s≠∂ s]mXp-[m-cW tIc-f-Øn¬ \ne\n-∂n-cp∂p. AXp-sIm-≠mWv "Cu Icm¿ kn _n sF At\z-jn-°W'sa∂ \nb-a-k-`-bnse Xncp-h-©q¿ cm[m-Ir-jvWs‚ Bhiyw (2001 HIvtSm-_¿ 16) sXm´p-]n-t‰-∂sØ ]{X-ß-fn¬ Hcp s]´n-t°mfw hm¿Ø am{X-am-bXv. Xncp-h-©q-cn-t‚Xv shdp-samcp IpkrXn am{Xam-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂v A∂sØ amXr-`qan dnt∏m¿´p sNbvXn´p≠v. Xncp-

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

29

h-©q-cns‚ Btcm-]-Whpw {]Xn-]-£-t\-Xm-hns‚ {]Xn-I-c-Whpw apJy-a-{¥n-bpsS adp {]Xn-I-c-Whpw Nncn-bmWv \nb-a-k-`-bn¬ krjvSn®-Xv. \nb-a-k-`-bn¬ AwK-߃ ]d™p Nncn-® Hcp Xami am{X-ambn-cp∂p emhv-en≥ Agn-a-Xn. ]n∂oSv AsX-ß-s\-bmWv kzX-{¥ C¥y I≠ G‰hpw henb Agn-a-Xn-bm-bXv? Aß-s\-bm-°m≥ Bscm-s°bmWv A[zm-\n-®Xv? F¥m-bn-cp∂p Ah-cpsS e£yw?

hnhmZw Bcw`n°p∂p: k_vPIvSv IΩn‰nbpw hnPne≥kv At\zjWhpw
hy‡-amb e£y-ß-fp-ff Hcp- D]-Pm-]I kwL-Øns‚ apJ-]{X-ambn ss{Iw hmcn-I amdn-b-tXm-sS-bmWv bYm¿Y emhv-en≥ tIkv P∑-sa-Sp-Ø-Xv. 2001 PqWn¬ ]n Fkv ]n CS-]m-Sn¬ Agn-aXn Btcm]n®v Hcp At\z-j-Wm-flI dnt∏m¿´v {]kn-≤o-I-cn-®p. ]n∂mse 36 bp Un -F^v Fw F¬ -F-am¿ CXn¬ At\z-jWw Bh-iy-s∏-´p. hnjbw \nb-a-k`m k_vPIvSv IΩn-‰nbv°p hn´p. ]nW-dmbn hnPbs\Xnsc hnPne≥kv At\zjWw Bhiys∏´ k_v-PIvSv IΩn‰nbn¬ tImSn-tbcn _meIrjvW≥ hntbmP\-°pdn∏v tcJ-s∏Sp-Øn-bn´n-s√∂v ]n¬-°meØv bp Un F^v i‡amb {]NcWw Agn-®p-hn´n-cp∂p. tImSntbcn _meIrjvW≥ AwKamb k_vPIvSv IΩn‰nbmWv ]nW-dmbns°Xnsc At\zjWw ip]m¿i sNbvXsX∂pw Bh¿- Ø n®p {]Ncn∏n°s∏´p. {]Xn]£ t\Xmhmbncns° DΩ≥Nm≠n Xs∂ t\cn´v AØcsamcp Btcm]Ww D∂bn®n´pap≠v. 2009 P\phcn 31 \v DΩ≥Nm≠nbpsS {]kvXmh\bpsS at\mcabnse Xes°´v C{]Imcambncp∂p: "emhven≥ ˛ tImSn- t bcn hnk- Ω - X - ° p- d n∏v tcJ- s ∏- S p- Ø n- b n- ´ n- s √∂v DΩ≥Nm≠n' emhven≥ tIkv hnPn-e≥kn\p hn´-Xn¬ ]¶n-s√∂ tImSn-tbcn _me-Ir-jvWs‚ {]kvXmh\bv°pff adp]Snbmbncp∂p DΩ≥-Nm≠nbptSXv. tImSn-tbcnbpsS hm°pIƒ Cßs\bmbncp∂p: A\-h[n kn‰n-ßp-Iƒ°ptijw CXp-kw-_-‘n-®v Db¿∂ph∂ A`n-{]m-b-߃ ]cn-tim-[n®v \n¿tZiw kan-Xnsb Adn-bn-°m≥ sNb¿-am-\mb Sn Fw tP°-_ns\ Npa-X-e-s∏-Sp-Øp-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. F∂m¬ tP°_v hnPn-e≥kv At\z-jW ip]m¿i GI]-£o-b-ambn \¬Ip-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Xs‚ hntbm-P\w tcJ-s∏Sp- Ø m- \ p- f f Ah- k cw \jv S - s ∏- S p- Ø n- b Xv Nq≠n- ° m´n A∂pXs∂ kv]o°¿°v IØp \¬Inbn-cp-∂p-sh∂pw tImSntbcn Adn-bn-®p.

30

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

DΩ≥Nm-≠n-bpsS hmZ߃ F¥mbncp∂p F∂p ]cn-tim-[n°mw: 2002 P\p-hcn 11-˛\v \nb-a-k`m tImwπ-Ivkn¬ \S∂ tbmKØn¬ tImSn-tbcn AS°w HºXv Fw F¬- F-am¿ ]s¶-SpØn-cp-∂p. At\zjWw thWtam F∂ Imcyw sNb¿am-\mb Sn Fw tP°-_ns\ Adn-bn-°m≥ kanXn Xocp-am-\n-®Xp{]Imc-amWv hnPn-e≥kv At\z-j-W-Øn\v hn´-Xv. CXp-ambn _‘s∏´v Hcp hnk-Ω-X-°p-dn∏pw Bcpw tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´n-√. tImSntbcn ]d™Xn\√ DΩ≥Nm≠n adp]Sn ]d™Xv. Xs‚ hntbm-P\w tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øm-\p-≈ Ah-kcw \jvS-s∏-Sp-Øn-b-Xn¬ kv ] o°¿°v ]cmXn \¬In- s b- ∂ mbncp∂p tImSntbcnbpsS Btcm]Ww. hnPn-e≥kv At\z-jWXocp-am\w GI-]-£o-b-ambn Xocp-am-\n-®Xv kanXn sNb¿am≥ Sn Fw tP°-_m-sW∂pw tImSntbcn shfn-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cp-∂p. A°mesØ ]{X߃ ]cntim[n®m¬ C°mcyw hy‡amIpw. "k_vPIvSv IΩn‰n At\zjWw Xocpam\n®n√ ˛ {]Xn]£w' F∂ Xes°´n¬ 2002 am¿®v 13˛s‚ amXr`qan {]kn≤oIcn® hm¿Ø t\m°pI. ]ffnhmk¬ ˛ sN¶pfw ˛ ]∂nbm¿ \hoIcWhpambn _‘s∏´v bmsXmct\zjWhpw \SØm≥ \nbak`m k_vPIvSv IΩn‰n Xocpam\n®n´ns√∂v kanXnbn¬ {]Xn]£mwKßfmb tImSntbcn _meIrjvW≥, sI ]n cmtP{µ≥, kn sI \mWp, cmPp F{_lmw, hn sI N{µ≥ F∂nh¿ hy‡am°n. CXp kw_-‘n® hm¿Ø 2002 P\p-hcn 12˛se at\m-c-a-bn¬ \n∂v. At\z-j-W-Øn-\p≈ \o°w cmjv{Sob t{]cn-X-am-sW∂pw \nba-k`m kan-Xnsb Icp-hm-°p-I-bm-sW∂pw Nq≠n-°m´n \mev {]Xn-]-£mw-K-ßfpw i‡-ambn FXn¿-Øp. F∂m¬ c≠v a{¥n-amcpw A©v Fw F¬ -F-amcpap≈ `c-W-]-£-Øn-\m-bncp∂p tbmK-Øn¬ ap≥Xq-°w. `c-W-{]-Xn-]-£mw-K-߃ XΩnep-ff NqtS-dnb hmZ-{]-Xn-hm-Z-Øn\p tij-amWv tbmKw ]ncn™-Xv. AXy¥w IepjnXambncp∂p 2003˛se tIcfcmjv{Sobw. kzbw krjvSn® Ducm°pSp°pIfn¬°nS∂v bp Un F^v izmkw ap´n. apØßbn¬ BZnhmknIƒs°Xnsc \S∂ shSnsh∏v F sI B‚Wn k¿°mcn\v cmPym¥c A]Io¿Øn kΩm\n®p. k¿°m¿ Atº

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

31

{]Xn-tcm-[-Øn-em-bn. apØß ka-c-Øn\v ]n¥pW \¬In-s°m≠v CS-Xp-]£ Fw F¬- F-am¿ \nb-a-k-`-bv°p ap∂nepw ]n∂oSv sk{It´-dn-b-‰n\p ap∂nepw kXy-{K-l-am-cw-`n-®p. ]nSn®p \n¬°m≥ emhven≥ Icmdns\ Bbp[am°msa∂mbncp∂p bp Un F^nse _p≤n-tI{µßfpsS Xocpam\w. Aßs\bmWv emhven≥ Icm¿ kw_‘n®v F sI B‚Wn a{¥nk` hnPn-e≥kv At\z-j-W-Øn\v DØ-c-hn-Sp-∂Xv. Aßs\ 2001 apX¬ bp Un F^v sa\™ emhven≥ cmjv{Sob Xnc°Ybv°v BZy hgnØncnhmbn. Cu L´-Øn-emWv s]mXp-[mcm am[y-a߃ emhven≥tIkv Gs‰Sp-°p-∂-Xv. ]n Fkv ]n CS-]mSv kn ]n- sF F-Ωn-s\-Xn-sc-bp≈ Bbp-[-amWv F∂ Xncn-®-dnhv am[y-a-߃°p-≠m-bn. X߃ AI-s∏´ cmjv { Sob°pcp°n¬ \n∂v c£s∏Sm≥ tIm¨{Kkv k¿°m¿ ssIs°m≠ X{¥Øn\v am[yaßfn¬\n∂pw AIa-gn™ ]n¥pW In´n. ]gb hm¿ØIƒ XncpØnsbgpXnbpw ]pXnb IYIƒ kz¥ambn \n¿an®pw am[ya߃ tIm¨{Kkn\v hnSp]Wn sNbvXp. hnhmZ߃°nsS 2003 am¿®n¬ B‚Wn a{¥n-k` hnPn-e≥kv At\zj-W-Øn\v DØ-c-hn-´p.

kn F -Pn-bpsS IcSp dnt∏m¿´v
2005 PqembnemWv emhven≥ hnhmZØn\v ho≠pw Xo{hXtbdp∂Xv. kn F PnbpsS {Um^v‰v dnhyq tNm¿∂v F√m ]{X-ßfnepw hm¿Øbmbn. kn F Pn dnt∏m¿´v ]nWdmbn hnPbs\Xnsc hnc¬-Nq≠n F∂ [z\ntbmSp IqSnbmbncp∂p hm¿ØIƒ. hnPne≥kv At\z-jW-Øns‚ KXnhnKXnIfpw ^ehpw Xocpam\n-°ms\∂hÆamWv kn F Pn {Um^v‰v dnhyqhns‚ tNm¿® kwhn-[m\w sNøs∏´Xv. kn F Pn _‘s∏´ hIp∏nt\mSv hnhc߃ tXSp∂Xn\v Xbmdm-°p∂ Ipdn∏mWv D]Pm]I¿ kn F PnbpsS A¥nadnt∏m¿´mbn hym-Jym\n®v {]Ncn∏n®Xv. CXphgn 374.5 tImSn cq]bpsS Ipw`-tImW-ambn emhven≥tIkv ]cnWan®p. {]Xn°q´n¬ ]nW-dmbn hnPbs\ {]XnjvTn°pIbpw sNbvXp. 2006 s^{_phcnbn¬ tIkn¬ kn _n sF At\zjWØn\v t]mtIs≠∂v bp Un F^v Xocpam\n®p. C°mcyw kXyhmMvaqeØn-eqsS sslt°mSXnsb Adnbn°pIbpw sNbvXp. hnPne≥kv At\z-jWw Xr]vXnIcambn apt∂m´pt]mIp∂p≠v F∂mbncp∂p k¿-°m¿ \ne]mSv. AtX amkw Xs∂ hnPne≥kns‚ At\zjW dnt∏m¿´v tImSXnbn¬ ka¿∏n®p. emhven≥ tIkn¬ \S∂ hnhmZØns‚ B‚n ss¢amIvkmbn AXv. ]nWdmbn hnPbs\Xncmb Hcp Btcm-]Whpw icnbmsW∂v At\zjWØn¬ Is≠Ønbn√. Icmdn¬ AgnaXn-

32

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

bps≠t∂m Bsc¶nepw A\¿lamb B\pIq-ey߃ t\Snsbt∂m AXn\mbn Bsc¶nepw Ip‰Icamb IrXyß-fnte¿s∏´psht∂m D≈ kwibØns‚ t\cnb em©\t]mepw hnPne≥kv At\zjW dnt∏m¿´n¬ C√mbncp∂p. kmt¶XnI ImcW߃ \ncØn GXm\pw DtZymKÿ¿s°Xnsc am{XamWv hnPne≥kv \nba\S]Sn°v ip]m¿i sNbvXXv. kXyØn¬ B≠pIfmbn D]Pm]I¿ ]nWdmbn- hnPb-s\Xnsc sa\s™SpØ hnhmZØns‚ kzm`mhnI A¥yw Bth≠ L´ambncp∂p AXv. F∂m¬ hnhmZIpXpInIƒ \ncmicmbn√. Cu hnPne≥kv dnt∏m¿´v bp Un F^n\pw h≥Xncn®Snbmbn. ]nWdmbn hnPbs\Xnsc ]cma¿iap≠mIpsa∂pw AXp sh®v 2006 se \nbak`m Xncs™Sp∏n¬ P\ßfnte°v t]mImsa∂pw IcpXnb bp Un F^ns‚ cmjv{Sobkz]v\߃°mWv kz¥w `cWØn\pIo-gn¬ \S∂ hnPne≥kv At\zjWØns‚ ]cnkam]vXn A¥ywIpdn-®Xv. AtXmsS Ah¿ O¿Zn®Xv `£n°m≥ Xocpam-\n®p. {]iv\w kn _n sF At\zjWØn\v hn´v ASpØ Xncs™-Sp∏nse Xpdp∏p-No´m°m≥ bp Un F^ns‚ \nIpw`neIfn¬ ]≤Xn Xbmdmbn. DΩ≥Nm≠n a{¥nk` tbmKwtN¿∂v emhven≥ tIkv kn _n sF-bv°v hnSm≥ Xocpam\n® Znhkw 2006 se \nbak`m Xncs™Sp∏v {]Jym]n® Znhkw Xs∂bmbn. tIcfØns‚ cmjv{So-bNcn{XØn¬ Hcn°epan√mØ sshcy- \ ncymX\ \S]Snbmbn Aßs\ bp Un F^ns‚ Xocpam\w amdn.

kn _n sF At\z-jWw
2006 ¬ CSXp]£ P\m[n]Xyap∂Wn A[nImcØnseØn. CtXmsS D]Pm]IcpsS B{ibw tImSXn am{Xambn. tIkv kn _n -sF°v hnSWsa∂v Bhiys∏´v Sn ]n \µIpamdpw kwLhpw sslt°mSXnsb kao]n®p. Cu l¿Pnbn¬ hmZw tIƒ°sh sslt°mSXn kwÿm\ k¿°mcns‚ A`n{]mbw Bcm™p. hnPne≥kv dnt∏m¿´ns‚ ]›mØeØn¬, Icmdn¬ AgnaXn-bns√∂pw kn _n sF At\zjWw Bhiyans√∂papff \ne]mSmWv kzm`mhnIambpw tIcf k¿°m¿ ssIs°m≠Xv. Cu tIkv At\zjn°m≥ am{Xw Kuchw X߃ ImWp∂ns√∂v hnPne≥kv At\zjWØns‚ ]›mØeØn¬ kn _n sFbpw tImSXnsb t_m[n∏n®p. F∂m¬ ]{Xhm¿ØIƒ sXfnhp kma{KnIfmbn AWn\ncØs∏´ cwKßfpsS Ahkm\w tIkv kn _n sF°v hnSm≥ sslt°mSXn DØchmbn. kn _n sF At\zjWw Gs‰Spsضnepw D]Pm]I¿ Xr]vXcmbn√. At\zjWw icnbmb hgn°√ F∂ hnNn{Xamb hmZhp-

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

33

ambn ho≠pw \µIpamdpw Iq´cpw sslt°mSXnsb kao]n®p. tIkt\z-jWw sslt°mSXnbpsS ta¬t\m´Øn¬ thWsa∂m-bncp∂p CØhWsØ Bhiyw. AXv tImSXn X≈n. emhven≥ hnhmZØns‚ ASpØL´w 2009 se temIk`m Xncs™Sp∏pambn _‘s∏´v \S∂ {]NmctheIfmWv. 2009 P\phcn 22 \v kn _n sF tImSXnbn¬ At\zjW dnt∏m¿´v \¬In. ]nWdmbn hnPb≥ tIkn¬ HºXmw {]Xnbmbn. FwH-bphpw ASn-ÿm\ Icmdpw H∏n´ Pn Im¿-ØntIbs\ tIkn¬\n∂v Hgnhm°n. emhven≥ CS]mSn¬ KqVm-temN\ \S∂p F∂v kn _n sF Ip‰]{XØn¬ ]d™p. KqVm-temN\-bpsS ]nXmhv Pn Im¿ØntIb\msW∂v hnc¬Nq-≠n-∏d™ tijamWv At±-lsØ {]Xn∏´nIbn¬\n∂v Hgnhm°nbXv. KqVm-temN\bpsS KpW-^ew Im¿ØntIb\v In´nbn´ns√∂pw At±lw B\p-Iqey-߃ ]‰n-bn´-ns√∂pamWv CXn\v kn _n sF ]d-™ \ymbw. ]nWdmbn hnPbs\ t{]mknIyq´v sNøm≥ A\paXn \¬IWsa∂m-hiys∏´v kn _n sF Kh¿W¿°pw No^v sk{I´dn°pw IØb®p. Kh¿W¿ IØv a{¥nk`°v ssIamdn. a{¥nk` C°mcyw AUzt°‰v P\dens‚ \nbtam]tZiØn\p hn´p. ]nWdmbn hnPbs\ t{]mknIyq´v sNøm≥ sXfnhpIfns√∂v 2009 sabv c≠n\v AUzt°‰v P\d¬ k¿°mcn\v \nbtam]tZiw \¬In. F PnbpsS \nbat]mtZiØns‚ ASnÿm\Øn¬ ]nWdmbnsb t{]mknIyq´v sNøm≥ A\phmZw \¬tIs≠∂v sabv aq∂n\v a{¥nk`mtbmKw Xocpam\n®p. a{¥n-k`m Xocp-am-\sØ adn-I-S∂v 2009 Pq¨ Ggn\v Kh¿W¿ ]nWdmbn hnPbs\ t{]mknIyq´v sNøm≥ kn _n sF°v A\phmZw \¬In. Pq¨ 24\v ]nWdmbn hnPb\v tImSXn ka≥kb®p. F∂m¬ Pn Im¿ØntIbs\ Ip‰-hn-ap-‡-\m-°p∂ kn _n sF \nco-£Ww {]tXyI kn _n sF PUvPn \ncmIcn®p. Im¿Øn-tIbs‚ ]¶v ho≠pw At\zjn°m≥ tImSXn DØchn´p. emhen≥ hnhmZ-Øn¬ Ac∏Xn‰m≠pImew D]Pm]I¿ AwKoIcn°mXncp∂ Imcy-amWv CXv. ]nWdmbn hnPb≥ tIkn¬ {]Xnbm°s∏´psh¶nepw hnhmZØnepS\ofw At±lØns\Xnsc sNmcnbs∏´ A]hmZ-IYIfn¬ H∂pt]mepw sXfnbn°m≥ cmPysØ ]ctam∂X At\zjW GP≥kn°v Ign™n√. AXpsIm≠pXs∂ Ahsbm∂pw sXfn-hmbn tImSXn°v apºnen√. tImSXn°papºn¬ Ct∏mgp≈Xv ]nW-dmbn hnPb≥ emhven≥ Icm¿ \S∏m°m≥th≠n KqVmtem-N\ \SØnsb∂pw AXneqsS kwÿm\sØ h©n®psh∂pamWv . Xet»cnbn¬ ae_m¿ Im≥k¿ C≥Ãn‰yq´v ÿm]n°pI F∂Xmbncp∂p ]nWdmbn hnPbs‚ "kzImcy' Xm¬∏cyambn Ip‰]{Xw

34

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

Btcm]n°p∂Xv. kn _n sF kmº-ØnI Agn-a-Xn- Ip‰-]-{X-Øn¬ Dƒs∏-Sp-ØmØ-Xn¬ Jn∂-cmb D]-Pm-]-I-kwLw Zo]IvIpamsd∂ ZrIvkm£nsb cwK-Øn-d-°n. ]p\-c-t\z-j-W-th-f-bn¬ Zo]IvIpam¿ D∂-bn® Btcm-]-W-ß-sf-°p-dn®pw kn _n sF th≠p-thmfw At\z-jn-®p. ]t£, At\z-j-W-^ew D]-Pm-]-I kwL-Øn\v I\Ø Xncn-®-Snbm-bn. Cu At\z-jW dnt∏m¿´n¬ \n∂mWv Cu {KŸ-Øns‚ H∂mw A[ymbw Bcw-`n-®-Xv. tIcf cmjv{SobNcn{XØnse Ht´sd {]tXyIXbp≈ A[ymbamWv emhven≥ tIkv. `cWm[nImcw D]tbmKn®v cmjv{Sob FXncm-fnsb th´bmSm\ndßnb tIm¨{Kkns\bpw Hcp hy‡nsb \in∏n°m≥ h¿jßtfmfw Hcp {]iv\Øn\v ]ndsI \S∂ D]Pm]Iscbpw AhcpsS Iønse ]mhIfmbn amdnb am[ya-ßsfbpw Cu tIkv Ncn{XØn¬ ASbmfs∏SpØp∂p. kwÿm\sØ G‰hpw henb cmjv{Sob∏m¿´nbmb kn ]n sF (Fw) AXns‚ \mec∏Xn‰m≠v \o≠ Ncn{XØnse G‰hpw henb A·n]co£Ifn-sem- ∂ m- W v C°meØv AXnPohn®Xv . `cWLS\mÿm]\ßfpw \oXn\ymb]oTßfpw hymPambn \n¿an°s∏´ s]mXp-t_m[y-Øns‚ ASnaIfmbt∏mƒ GsXmcp cmjv{SobI£n°pw ImenStd-≠XmWv. F∂m¬ Cu s]mXpt_m[sØ sh√phnfn®psIm≠v kn ]n sF (Fw) \SØnb sNdpØp\n¬∏v hotcmNnXambncp∂psh∂v tIcfw Xncn®dnbpw.

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

35

4 Btcm]-W߃ sIm´-\n-dsb... acp-∂n-\p-t]mepw sXfn-hn√
emhv-en≥ tIkv kw_-‘n® kn _n -sF-bpsS XpS-c-t\z-jW dnt∏m¿´v h∂ Znhkw Hcp \yqkv Nm\-¬ N¿®-bn¬ Rm\pw ]s¶-SpØncp-∂p. adp-`m-KØv tIm¨{Kkv Fw F¬ F hn Un kXo-i≥. ]nWdmbn hnP-b-s\-Xnsc D]-Pm-]-I-kwLw ]mSn-∏-c-Ønb A]-hmZ-IYI-fpsS IW-°p-Iƒ Rm≥ FÆn-∏-d-™-t∏mƒ kXo-i≥ {]Xn-h-Nn®p, ""B Btcm-]-W-ß-sfm∂pw tIm¨{Kkv D∂-bn-®n-´n√''. A{Xbpw \∂v. kmº-ØnI Agn-aXn kw_-‘n® Btcm-]-W-߃ tIm¨{Kkv t]mepw Dt]-£n-®n-cn-°p-∂p. ]t£, sXcp-hmb sXcp-hp-IƒtXmdpw ]nW- d mbn hnP- b - s \- X nsc tIm¨{K- k p- I m¿ Btcm- ] n®p \S∂sXm∂pw Bcpw ad-∂p-t]m-bn-´n-√. sI kp[m-Ic≥ AS-°-ap-≈h¿ ]nW-dm-bn-s°-Xnsc \S-Øp∂ hy‡n-l-Xy-bpsS Zriy-߃ bpSyq_n¬ kpe-`am-W.v \nb-ak`sb-t∏mepw CXn-\p-ff thZn-bm°n-bn-´p-≠.v - - 2006 s^{_p-hcn 22 s‚ at\m-c-a-bn¬ emhv-en≥ Agn-aXn : ]nWdmbn H∂mw {]Xn-sb∂p lk≥ F∂ Xe-s°-´n¬ Bdp-tImfw hm¿Ø-bp-≠v. ]n Fkv ]n ]≤-Xn-I-fpsS ]p\-cp-≤m-cWw kw_-‘n® knFPn dnt∏m¿´n-s\-°p-dn®v dqƒ 58 {]Imcw \nb-a-k-`-bn¬ N¿® \S- ∂ n- c p- ∂ p. B N¿®- b psS dnt∏m¿´mWv at\m- c a \¬In- b - X v . C∂sØ CSp°n Fw]nbpw FsF-knkn saº-dp-amb ]n Sn tXmakpw A∂p N¿®-bn¬ ]s¶-Sp-Øn-cp-∂p. At±-l-Øns‚ {]kwKØns‚ {]k-‡-`m-K-߃ Cu dnt∏m¿´n-ep-≠v;
]nW-dmbn Ip‰-hm-fn-bm-sW∂p Ncn{Xw Nn{Xo-I-cn-°p-sa∂v ]n Sn tXmakv Btcm-]n-®p. hnthIv Xmb-°≠n F∂ hnZym¿∞n 46 e£w cq] apS-°n-bmWv _¿ΩnwKvlmw bqWn-th-gvkn-‰n-

36

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

bn¬ ]Tn-°p-∂-Xv. AXp ]nW-dm-bn-bpsS aI-\-s√-¶n¬ X\ns°m∂pw ]d-bm-\n-s√∂v ]n Sn tXmakv ]d-™p. knwK-∏q-cnse Iae C‚¿\m-j-W¬ Bcp-tS-Xm-sW∂p hy‡-am-°-W-sa∂pw ]n Sn tXmakv Bh-iy-s∏-´p. tIcf \nb-a-k-`-bn¬Øs∂ tIm¨{Kkv t\Xm-°ƒ ss{Iw {]N-cn-∏n® Btcm-]-W-߃ G‰p-]m-Sn-bn-´p≠v. ss{Iw hmcnI apSßmsX hmbn-°p-Ibpw AXn¬ A®-Sn-°p∂ hnh-c-߃ \nb-a-k-`bv°-IØpw ]pdØpw {]N-cn-∏n-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂-Xn¬ tIm¨{Kkns‚ F sF kn kn AwK-ß-ƒ hsc-bp≠v F∂dnbp-∂Xv hn Un kXo-is\ kw_-‘n®v IuXp-I-I-c-amtWm Bthm?

Iae C‚¿\m-j-W¬ FIvkvt]m¿Svkv F∂ If-f-°Y
ss{Ians‚ t]Pp-I-fn¬ \´p \\®v hf¿Ønb alm-ÿm-]-\amWv Iae C‚¿\m-j-W¬ FIvkvt]m¿´vkv. knwK-∏q-cn-em-Wt{X Cu ÿm]-\w. knwK-∏q-cn-se-hnsS F∂p am{Xw Bcpw tNmZn-®n-√. FIvkvt]m¿´v sNøp-∂-Xv F¥m-sWt∂m Fhn-tS-bv°m-sWt∂m tNmZy-ap-b¿∂n-√. Hm^okv Fhn-sS, FwUn Bcv, cPn-ÿ sNbvXXv Fhn-sS, _me≥kv jo‰v Fß-s\-bn-cn°pw Fs∂m-s°-bp-ff ASnÿm\ tNmZy-ßfpw hngp-ßn. F∂n´pw Im‰v ImXp-I-fn-tebv°pw \mhv \m¬°-h-e-I-fn-tebv°pw Cu ÿm]-\-Øns‚ s]cp-a-sb-Øn-®p. HSphn¬ tIcf sslt°m-S-Xn-bnepw Iae C‚¿\m-j-W¬ FIvkv-t]m¿´vkv {]Xy-£-s∏-´p. ""kn ]n -sF (-Fw) kwÿm\ sk{I-´dn ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥, kwÿm\ sk{I-t´-dn-b‰v AwK-ßfmb tUm. tXmakv sFk-Iv, tI{µ sk{I-t´-dn-b‰v AwKhpw ap≥ cmPy-k`m AwK-hp-amb Fw F t__n F∂n- h - c psS Ahn- l - n X- k zØp kºm- Z yß- s fbpw tZi- h n- c p≤ {]h¿Ø-\-ß-sfbpw \nIpXn sh´n-∏p-I-sfbpw Ipdn®v At\z-jn-°W-sa∂v Bh-iy-s∏´v ss{Iw ]{Xm-[n-]¿ Sn ]n \µ-Ip-am¿ AUzt°‰v sI cmwIp-am¿ aptJs\'' 2006 G{]n-¬ 5 \v tIcf sslt°m-SXn-bn¬ l¿Pn \¬In. B l¿Pnbnse Btcm-]-W-߃ Cßs\ t]mbn. knwK-∏q¿ Bÿm-\-am°n {]h¿Øn-°p∂ Iae C‚¿\m-jW¬ FIvkvt]m¿t´gvkv F∂ ÿm]\w kn ]n -sF (Fw) kwÿm\ sk{I-´dn ]nW-dmbn hnP-bs‚ t]cn-ep-f-f-Xm-Wv. knwK-∏q¿ tI{µo-I-cn®v FIvkvt]m¿´v _nkn-\kv \S-Øp∂ Cu ÿm]-\-Øns‚ \S-Øn∏p \n¿h-ln-°p-∂Xv ]nW-dmbn hnP-bs‚ aI\pw Cw•-≠n¬ _¿anwKvlmw bqWn-th-gvkn-‰nbn¬ hnZym¿∞n-bp-amb hnthIv ssX°-≠n-bm-Wv.

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

37

tImSn-°W°n\p cq]-bmWv Iae C‚¿\m-jW¬ FIvkvt]m¿- t´-gvkn¬ apS-°n-bn-´p-f-f-sX∂pw ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ sshZypXn hIp∏p a{¥n-bm-bn-cn-°p-tºmgpw XpS¿∂pw At±lw `mcy-bpsamØv ]e XhW knwK-∏q¿ kµ¿in-®-Xmbn l¿Pn-°m-c\p e`n® hnh-c-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw Adn-hm-Ip-∂p-≠v. Iae C‚¿\m-j-W¬ FIvkvt]m¿´vkv _nkn-\kv tI{µo-Icn-®n-´p-ff knwK-∏q-cn¬ ]nW-dmbn hnP-b\pw `mcy Ia-ebv°pw aI≥ hnth-In-\p-ap-ff _nkn-\kv \nIpXn sh´n-°p-∂-Xn-\p-amWv... Fkv-F≥kn emhv-en≥ Dƒs∏-sS-bp-ff hntZ-i-ÿm-]-\ß-fp-ambn D≠m-°nb Icm¿ CS-]m-Sn¬ 270 tImSn-tbmfw cq] t{_m°¿ ^okmbn \¬I-s∏-´p-sh∂pw 200 tImSn-tbmfw cq] kwÿm\ JP-\m-hn\v \jvSw h∂p-sh∂pw CXn-\Iw AwKoI-cn-°-s∏´ hkvXp-X-bm-Wv. Ahn-lnX Icm¿ CS-]m-Sn-eqsS hnhn[ hy‡n-Iƒ°v t{_m°¿ ^okmbn e`n® XpI Iae C‚¿\m-j-W¬ FIvkvt]m¿´vkn¬ \nt£-]n®p F∂p hnizkn-°m≥ aXn-bmb Imc-W-ß-fp-≠v.... ''. Cu IY tIc-f-Øn¬ Hcp-]mSp ]mW-∑m¿ ]mSn \S-∂n-´p-≠v. BZm-b-\n-IpXn hIp∏v AUo-j-W¬ Ub-d-IvS¿ B¿ taml≥ tIcf sslt°m-S-Xn-bn¬ ka¿∏n® kXy-hm-Mvaq-ew Cu Btcm]WØns‚ I≈n s]mfn®p. 2007 Unkw-_¿ 12 \v ka¿∏n°s∏´ kXy-hmMvaqeØns‚ JWvUnI 20 ¬ Cu Btcm-]WsØ-°p-dn®v Cß-s\- ]d-bp-∂p: - \memw I£n knwK-∏q-cnse Iae C‚¿\m-j-W¬ FIvkvt]m¿-t´gvkv F∂ ÿm]-\-Øn¬ tImSn-Iƒ \nt£-]n®p F∂v l¿Pn-°m-c≥ Btcm-]n-®n-´p-≠v. F∂m¬ Btcm-]-W-hn-t[-bamb Iº-\n-bpsS hnemkw \¬Inbn-´n-√. Btcm-]-W-am-Is´, Ahy-‡-hp-am-Wv. F¥m-bmepw {]iv\w sk≥{S¬ _yqtdm Hm^v Ub-dIvSv SmIvk-kns‚ {i≤-bn¬ s]Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. sk≥{S¬ _yqtdm Hm^v UbdIvSv SmIvkkv (CBDT) \S-Ønb At\z-j-W-Øns‚ ^ew 2008 Pqsse 24 \v AUo-j-W¬ tkmfnkn-‰¿ P\-d¬ ]n ]c-ta-iz-c≥ \mb¿ hgn tIcf sslt°m-S-Xn-bn¬ ka¿∏n-°-s∏-´p. knwK-∏q-cn¬ Aß-s\-sbmcp ÿm]-\-ta-bn√ F∂v knwK-∏q¿ t^mdn≥ SmIvkv Unhn-j≥ Adn-bn® hnh-c-amWv tI{µk¿°m¿ tImS-Xnsb Adn-bn-®-Xv. Aßs\ "Iae C‚¿\m-j-W¬ FIvkvt]m¿´vkv' F∂ Iffw s]mfn-™p. A\-[n-IrX kzØp-kºm-Z-\-Ønt\m \nIp-Xn-sh-´n-∏nt\m sXfn-hn-s√-∂pw BZm-b-\n-IpXn hIp∏v hy‡-am-°n. hkvXp-Xm-]-c-ambn am{X-amWv Cu Iffw s]mfn-™-Xv. ]{X-ß-

38

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

fpsS Dƒt∏-Pp-I-fn¬ HXp-ßn-t∏mb Cu hm¿Øbv°v ]cn-an-Xn-bp≠v. A]-hmZw \´p-\\®hcpsS e£yhpw A{X-am-{X-am-bn-cp-∂p. sslt°m- - - S-Xn-bnse l¿Pn, AXp-hgn In´p∂ hm¿Øm {]m[m-\yw! Ih-eIƒtXmdpw ]mSn-s∏m-en-∏n-°m≥ ]n Sn tXma-kp-am-sc-t∏m-ep-≈h-cp≈-t∏mƒ kn ]n sF (Fw) kwÿm\ sk{I-´dn Xs‚ `mcy-bpsS t]cn¬ knwK-∏q-cn¬ Hcp h≥hy-h-km-b-ÿm-]\w \S-Øn-bn-cp∂p F∂ If-f-°-Ybv°v e`n-°p∂ \mtSm-Sn-°-Y-bpsS ]cn-thjw am{XamWv Cu IY-bpsS krjvSm-°ƒ B{K-ln-®-Xv. CXpt]mse as‰mcp If-f-{]-Nm-c-W-am-bn-cp∂p sNss∂-bnse "sSIv\n-°m-enb' F∂ ÿm]\w ]nW-dmbn hnP-bs‚ _n\m-an-bmWv F∂-Xv. ss{Iw DS-a-bpsS l¿Pn-bn¬ \n∂v ˛ sSIv\n-hm-enb F∂ ÿm]\w Nne cmjv{So-b-°m-cpsS Hcp _n\man Hm¿K-ss\-tk-j-\mWv F∂v hniz-kn-°m≥ aXn-bmb Imc-W-ß-fp-≠v. CXp-kw-_-‘n®v emhv-en≥ At\z-j-W-hp-ambn _‘-s∏´v Ct∏mƒ \S-∂p-h-cp∂ At\z-jWw Iq´n-t®¿Øv as‰mcp At\z-jWw IqSn \S-Øn-bm¬ kn ]n sF (Fw) kwÿm\ sk{I-´dn ]nW-dmbn hnP-b\v knwK-∏q-cnse Iae C‚¿\m-j-W¬ FIvkv-t]m¿-´vkn¬ am{X-a-√, sSIv\n-hm-en-bbnepw kPoh ]¶m-fn-Ø-ap-f-f-Xmbn sXfnbpw. sSIv\n-°m-enb BWv ChnsS sSIv\n-hm-enb Bbn amdn-b-Xv. bYm¿∞-Øn¬ sSIv\n-°m-enbsb BZy-ambn tIc-f-Øn-se-Øn-®Xv ]cn-bmcw saUn-°¬ tImfPv \n¿Ωn-°m≥ Fw hn cmL-h-\m-Wv. ]p´-]¿Øn-bnse kXy-kmbn C≥Ãn-‰yq´v Hm^v lb¿ saUn-kn≥, ]p´-]¿Øn-bnse Xs∂ kXy-kmbn tlmkv]n-‰¬, sNss∂-bnse AU- b m¿ Im≥k¿ C≥Ãn- ‰ yq- ´ v , hnhn[ kwÿm- \ - ß - f nse AkwJyw saUn-°¬ tImf-Pp-Iƒ F∂n-h-sbms° ]WnX Cu ÿm]\w Hcp IS-emkv Iº-\n-bmWv F∂v {]N-cn-∏n-°m\pw \ΩpsS apJy-[mcm am[y-a-߃ Xøm-dmbn.

knwK-∏q¿ bm{X-I-ƒ..
tImSn-Iƒ apS°n knwK-∏q-cn¬ sI´n-s∏-SpØ Iae C‚¿\m-jW¬ FIvkvt]m¿´vkntebv°v \qdn-tesd XhW ]nW-dmbn hnPb≥ bm{X \S-Øn-bn-´p≠v F∂XmWv as‰mcp IY. ss{Ian¬ A®Sn® B Btcm-]Ww sslt°m-S-Xn-bnse l¿Pn-bnepw Bh¿Øn®p. F∂m¬ Hcp sXfnhpw lmP-cm-°m≥ Ign-™n-√. kzm`m-hn-I-ambpw At\z-jW GP≥kn-Iƒ Btcm-]Ww Ah-K-Wn-®p. Xm≥ D∂-bn® Btcm-]-W-ß-fn¬ H∂p-t]mepw kn _n -sFbpsS At\z-jW dnt∏m¿´n¬ CSw-]n-Sn-°m-ØXn¬ \ncm-i\mb ss{Iw -

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

39

DSa 2009 BKÃv 4 \v kn _n -sF-bpsS sNss∂ Hm^o-kn-tebv°v Hcp ]cm-Xn-b-b-®p. B ]cm-Xn-bnse Btcm-]Ww Cß-s\-bm-bn-cp∂p. Mr. Pinarayi Vijayan had made more than 100 visits to Singapore and Dubai secretly for the transaction of bribery money and for his other business deals (most of which is illicit). You can get a clear picture of the travel details if you go through the passport details of Pinarayi Vijayan between 1996 and 2009. I have information that Vijayan has two passports, a Kochi based one and the other based out of Chennai. I also have information about Vijayan surrendering one of his passports as soon as the CBI investigation against him started. knwK-∏qcntebv°pw Zp_m-bn-bn-tebv°pw ]nW-dmbn \qdn-tesd clkybm{X-Iƒ \SØn, At±l-Øns‚ ]mkvt]m¿´p ]cn-tim-[n®m¬ AXns‚ hnh-c-߃ e`n-°pw, ]nW-dm-bn°v c≠v ]mkvt]m¿´v Df-f-Xmbn X\n°v hnhcw e`n-®n-´p≠v Fs∂m-s°-bm-bn-cp∂p Btcm]-W-߃. Cu IØpw 2009 sk]vXw-_¿ 5 \v Ab® Hm¿Ω-s∏-SpØepw kn _n sF Ah-K-Wn-®p. XpS¿∂v 2010 P\p-hcn 28 \v C°mcy-߃ l¿Pn-bmbn tIcf sslt°m-S-Xn-bn¬ ka¿∏n-®p. sslt°mSXn kn_n-sF-tbmSv hni-Zo-I-cWw tNmZn-®p. 2010 G{]n¬ 17 \v ka¿∏n® kXy-hm-Mvaq-e-Øn¬ Cu Btcm-]W-sØ-°p-dn®v kn _n sF Cßs\ {]Xn-I-cn-®p. Further regarding the alleged kickbacks and frequent visits of Pinarayi to Singapore and Dubai, that too more than 100 times, for which the petitioner claims to have represented before IA, divulging the details and the same was ignored by the agency is also far from truth. No valid details or clues in this aspect were furnished so as to form the basis of collecting evidence in this regard. ]nW-dm-bn-bpsS bm{X-sb-°p-dn-®p-ff cl-ky-hn-h-c-߃ Xm≥ shfn-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn´pw At\z-jW GP≥kn AsXm∂pw At\z-jn-®ns√-∂m-bn-cp-∂p ss{Iw DS-a-bpsS ]cm-Xn. AXn\p kn _n sF ]d™ adp-]Sn A¿∞-h-Øm-Wv. "km[p-hmb hni-Zmw-i-ßtfm kqN-\-Itfm ka¿∏n-°-s∏-´n√' F∂v. Hcp sXfnhpan√msX Iptd Btcm]W߃ shff°Semkn¬ FgpXn ]cmXnsb∂ t]cn¬ Abbv ° pI. AXt\zjn°p∂n√ F∂ apdhnfn Iq´n tImSXnsb kao]n°pI. AXneqsS Iptd hm¿Ø hcpØpI. thsdm∂pa√ e£yw.

40

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

"tImSn-'IfpsS hnZym-`ym-khpw aWn-am-fn-Ibpw
]nW-dmbn hnP-bs‚ a°ƒ tImSn-Iƒ apS°n D∂X hnZym`ymkw t\Sp∂ F∂mWv as‰mcp IY. tIcf sslt°m- S - X n- b n¬ \¬Inb l¿Pn- b nse ]cmXn Cßs\bmbncp∂p ""]nW-dmbn hnP-bs‚ c≠p-a-°fpw AUvan-j\p Xs∂ Db¿∂ XpI apS-t°≠ Db¿∂ Xe-Øn-epff ÿm]-\-ß-fn-emWv ]Tn-°p∂-Xv. hnP-bs‚ aI≥ hnthIv Cw•-≠nse _¿ΩnwKvlmw bqWn-thgvkn-‰n-bn-emWv ]Tn-°p-∂Xv. ChnsS ]T\w ]q¿Øn-bm-°m≥ Hcp tImSn cq]-sb¶nepw apS-°Ww''. BZm-b-\n-IpXn hIp∏v AUo-j-W¬ Ub-d-IvS¿ B¿ taml≥ ka¿∏n® kXy-hm-Mvaq-e-Ønse ]Xn-aq∂mw JWvUn-I-bn¬ Cu Btcm]Ww Cßs\ s]mfn™p: Ifat»cnbnse Fkv kn Fw Fkv tImtfPn¬ hnthIv 2001˛03 ¬ ]Tn®Xn\v sNehv 2.73 e£w cq]bmWv. AXn\mbn Fkv _n Sn bn¬ \n∂v hnZym`ymk hmbv] FSpØn´p≠v. XpI Xncn®Sbv°p∂Xv ]nWdmbnbpsSbpw `mcybpsSbpw hcpam\Øn¬ \n∂mWv. 61,000 cq] CXphsc Xncn®S®p. Fkv kn Fw Fknse ]T\Øn\ptijw c≠v h¿jw hnthIv A_pZm_nbn¬ tPmen t\m°n. AXn\p tijamWv _¿anMvlman¬ ]Tn°m≥ t]mbXv. ]nWdmbnbpsS aIƒ 2001˛04 hsc tImbºØq¿ AarX kvIqƒ Hm^v F≥Pn\obdnwKn¬ ]Tn-®Xn\pw c≠v e£w cq] _m¶n¬ \n∂v hmbv]sbSpØn´p≠v.

tImSn-Iƒ hne-a-Xn-°p∂ aWn-am-fn-I
A‰vem‚nIv kap-{Z-Ønse _¿apUm {Sbmw-Kn-fn-s\-°mƒ \nKqV-X-bm-bn-cp∂p F{Xtbm Imew ]nW-dmbn hnP-bs‚ hoSns\ Np‰n∏‰n tIc-f-Øn¬ \ne-\n-∂-Xv. B hoSp I≠p t_m[y-s∏-Sm≥ ]m¿´n kJm-°ƒ IÆq-cn-tebv°p ]T-\-bm{X \S-Øp-∂p. hoSn\p ]cn-k-csØ-Øn-b-h¿°p t\sc A¥-co-£-Øn¬ \n∂v B{I-aWw Dbcp∂p. _¿apUm {Sbmw-Kn-fn¬ I∏-ep-Ifpw hnam-\-ß-fp-amWv A{]Xy-£-am-Ip-∂-sX-¶n¬, ]nW-dmbn hnP-bs‚ hoSn\p kao-]-sa-Øptºmƒ Nm\¬ Ima-d-Iƒ \n›-e-am-Ip-∂p. \yqkv t^mt´m-{Km-^¿amcpsS Ima-d-I-fn¬ ]Sw ]Xn-bp-∂n-√... Aß-s\-sb-s¥-√mw.. Fs¥√mw \nKq-V-X-Iƒ. ]nW-dmbn hnP-bs‚ hoSn-s\-°p-dn®v ss{Iw {]N-cn-∏n® IY-bnXm-Wv. t\csØ ]d™ sslt°m-S-Xn-bnse l¿Pn-bn¬ \n∂v... ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ IÆq¿ Pn√-bnse ]nW-dm-bn-bn¬ \n¿Ωn®p sIm≠n-cn-°p∂ ]Sp-Iq-‰≥ hoSn-s\-°p-dn®v At\z-jWw Bcw-`n-®n-´pf-f-Xm-Wv. Cu hoSns‚ ]Wn ]q¿Øn-bm-°m≥ Hcp tImSn cq]-sb-

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

41

¶nepw thW- s a- ∂ mWv IW- ° m- ° n- b n- ´ p- f - f - X v . CXp- k w- _ - ‘ n® hm¿Ø 27-˛3-˛2006 se ]b-\n-b¿ ]{XØn¬ h∂-Xm-Wv. Fs¥mcp IjvS-sa∂p t\m°q. tIc-f-Ønse Hcp {Kma-Ønse hoSns\°p-dn®p sXfnhp \¬Im≥ \ΩpsS alm-am-[y-a-ß-sfm-∂p-a√ ss{Iw DSa X∏n-∏n-Sn-s®-Sp-Ø-Xv. "Zn ]b-\o¿' F∂ Cw•ojv ]{Xw. Gjym-s\-‰v, C¥ym hnj≥, at\m-ca F∂n-ßs\ aq∂v alm hm¿Øm Nm\-ep-Iƒ, at\mcabpw amXr`qanbpaS°w AkwJyw ]{X-߃, kn ]n sF (Fw) s‚ cmjv{Sob i{Xp-°-fmb tIm¨{K-kn\p Xs∂ kz¥w Nm\epw ]{X-hpw... F∂n-h-sbms° D≠m-bn´pw Bcpw ]nWdmbn hnP-bs‚ "tImSn-Iƒ hne-a-Xn-°p∂ aWn-am-fn-I'-bpsS ]Sw {]kn-≤o-I-cn-®n-√. angn-th-dnb Nn{X-ß-sf-Sp-°m≥ {]m]vXn-bp-ff samss_¬ t^mWp-Iƒ AkwJyw hn]-Wn-bn-se-Øn-bn´pw ]nW-dmbn SuWn¬ \n∂v aº-dtØ-bv°p-ff hgn-bn¬ ]m≠ym-eap°v F∂ ÿeØp-ff ]nW-dm-bn-bpsS hoSns‚ ]Sw am{Xw B¿°pw In´n-bn√. tImSn-Iƒ sNe-hn´p \n¿an-°p∂p F∂p ss{Iw DSa hnti-jn∏n® Cu hoSn-s\-°p-dn®pw BZmb \nIpXn hIp∏v At\z-jn-®p. BZmb-\n-Ip-Xn-h-Ip∏v sslt°m-S-Xn-bn¬ ka¿∏n® kXy-hm-Mvaq-e-Øns‚ ]Xn-\mdmw JWvUn-I- C-ßs\: 1977 ¬ ]WnX hoSv 11 e£w cq] sNehn¬ ]nWdmbn ]pXp°nbn´p≠v. ]Xn-s\m∂p e£-Øns‚ hni-Z-hn-hcw ˛ 5.6 e£w cq] Fkv . _n.sFbn¬ \n∂v ]nWdmbn hmbv ] FSpØp. `mcybpsS ]n F^n¬ \n∂v 1.98 e£w cq]. 2 e£w cq] aIƒ hmbv] FSpØp. 1.42 e£hpw CXv IqSmsX aIƒ \¬In. ]pXnb hoSv ]nWdmbn ]WnXn´ns√∂pw \nehnep≈ hoSns‚ H∂mw \ne ]pXp°nbXv am{XamsW∂pw At\zjWØn¬ Adnbm≥ Ign™p. Cu hoSn-s\-°p-dn®v D]-Pm-]-I¿ ]c-Ønb sI´p-IY hniz-kn® Iptd-t∏¿ kuZn Atd-_y-bn¬ tPmen sNøp∂ Hcp Ip∂w-Ipfw kztZ-in-bpsS aWn-am-fn-I-bpsS Nn{X-Øn\v sXmgn-emfn h¿K-t\-Xmhns‚ sIm®p IpSn¬ F∂ ASn-°p-dn∏p \¬In {]N-cn-∏n-°pIbpw Ad-Ãn-em-hp-Ibpw sNbvX kw`-hhpw D≠m-bn. CXn- \ nsS ae- b m- f - Ø nse ]{X- ß ƒ°pw Nm\- e p- I ƒ°pw _¿apUm {Sbmw-Kn-fmb ]nW-dm-bn-bnse ]m≠ym-e-ap-°n¬ Hcp h\nXm ]{X- { ]- h ¿ØI AXn- k m- l - k n- I - a mbn ]d∂ndßn. samss_en¬ hoSns‚ ]S- s a- S p- Ø p. B kml- k n- I - b psS t]cv Aley kqcy-\m-cm-b-W≥ (Fs¥√mw Ifft∏cpIƒ). ]nW-dmbnbpsS hoSp tXSm-\p-ff kml-knIZuXyw Ahsc G¬∏n-®Xv km£m¬ ss{Iw \µ-Ip-am¿. 2009 \hw-_-dnse ss{Ian¬ Cu ZuXy-

42

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

Øns‚ NSp-e-amb hnh-cWw {]kn-≤o-I-cn-®n-´p-≠v. AXn¬ \ns∂mcp `mKw D≤-cn°mw˛ ..- h o- S p- I ƒ Ib- d n- b n- d ßn HSp- h n¬ Rm≥ Ahn- s S- s b- Ø n. km£m¬ ]nW-dmbn hnP-bs‚ hoSn\p ap∂n¬ tK‰p-Iƒ AS®n-´n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. AI-sØßpw Bf-\-°-ap-f-f-Xns‚ Hcp e£- W - h p- a n√. ]ns∂ \mep- ] mSpw ItÆm- S n®v Rm≥ samss_¬ Ima-d-sb-Sp-Øp. \º¿ IpØn t^m¨ sNhn-bn¬ sh®p hnfn-°p-∂-Xmbn \Sn-s®-¶nepw hoSns‚ ap≥`mKw In´Ø-°-hn[w t^m°kv icn-bm°n Imcyw km[n®p. Iptd-Zqcw ]n∂n´v samss_¬ t^mWns‚ CtaPv Hm]vj≥ FSpØp t^mt´m t\m°n-b-t∏m-gmWv Poh≥ t\tc hoW-Xv. ]nW-dm-bnbpsS sIm´m-c-Øns‚ sNdn-sbmcp `mKw am{Xta Ima-d-bn¬ e`n-®p-f-fq-sh-¶nepw AS-°m-\m-hmØ kt¥mjw tXm∂n. XpS¿∂p-ff At\z-j-W-Øn¬ a‰p Imcy-߃ IqSn a\-kn-em°m≥ km[n-®p. ]nW-dm-bn-bpsS hoSn\p ÿm]n-®n-cn-°p-∂Xv ]q¿W-ambpw dntam´v I¨t{Sm-fn¬ {]h¿Øn-°p∂ tK‰mWt{X! tK‰p am{X-a-√, AIsØ hmXn-ep-I-sf√mw dntam´n¬ {]h¿Øn-°p-∂-h-bm-Wv. G‰hpw hne IqSnb ssS¬kv, ^¿Wn®-dp-Iƒ, AXy-¥m-[p-\nI kma-{Kn-Iƒ F∂n-h-bm¬ hoSn\p apIƒ`mKw kº-∂-am-Wv. tK‰p apX¬ hoSn\p Dƒ`mKw hscbp-ff Hmtcm ap°pw aqebpw cl-ky-Im-a-d-I-fpsS \nc-¥c \nco£-WØnepam-Wv. Fß-s\-bp≠v? Cu ss{Ian¬ A®-Sn® AtX t^mt´m apJ-Nn{X-am-°n-bmWv 2009 Unkw-_-dnse P\-i‡n hmcnI (e°w 157) ]pd- Ø n- d - ß n- b - X v . "Htc Xqh¬ ]£nIƒ' F∂Xv shdpsamcp kn\namt∏c√. ]nW-dm-bn-bpsS hoSn-s\-∏-‰n-bp-ff hnhm-Z-ßfpb¿∂-t∏mƒ hfsc \njvI-f-¶-ambn thsdmcp tNmZy-ap-b¿∂n-cp-∂p. C{X-bvs°ms° Bb ÿnXnbv°v kz¥w hoSns‚ t^mt´m ]nW-dmbn Xs∂ FSpØv tZim`n-am-\ntbm ssIcfn hgntbm {]kn-≤o-I-cn®pIqtS F∂v. GXp ip≤mflm-hn\pw icn-sb∂v tXm∂p∂ kwi-b-am-W-Xv. F∂m¬ Aßs\ \ne-bv°p∂ {]N-c-W-a√ CXv F∂v Xncn-®-dn-tb-≠-Xp-≠v. {]N-cn-∏n°-s∏-Sp∂ A]-hm-Z-ß-fp-sS-sbms° ]pdsI \S∂v AXn-s‚-sbms° kXym-hÿ sXfn-bn-°m≥ ka-bhpw Du¿Phpw If-tb≠ Imcy-an√. CØcw Imcy-ß-sf-°p-dn®v ]cm-Xn-bp-f-f-h¿°v kao-]n-°m≥ tImSXnbpw BZm-b-\n-IpXn hIp-∏p-sam-s°-bp-≠v. ]cmXn h∂-t∏m-ƒ ]nWdmbn hnP-b≥ kXy-hm-Mvaq-e-Øn-eqsS Imcy-߃ hni-Zo-I-cn-°p-Ibpw

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

43

Ah¿°p t_m[y-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXp. hkvXpX t_m[y-s∏-´m-ep-Ss\ kzn®n-´-Xp-t]mse \ne-bv°p∂ Btcm-]-W-ß-fmbncps∂¶n¬ hoSns\ kw_-‘n-®p-b¿∂ tNmZy߃°v ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ Xs∂ adp-]Sn ]d-™-tXmsS AX-hkm-\n-°-W-am-bn-cp-∂p. 2005 HIvtSm-_¿ 30 s‚ amXr-`qan BgvN-∏-Xn∏n¬ Ia¬ dmw kPohv \S-Ønb A`n-ap-J-Øn¬ ]nW-dmbn hnPb≥ hoSns\ kw_-‘n® tNmZy-Øn\v hfsc hy‡-amb adp-]Sn ]d-™n-´p-≠v. AXn-hnsS D≤-cn°mw: ]nW-dm-bn-bpsS ]pXnb hoSpw hnhm-Z-Øn-em-bn-cn-°p-I-bmWt√m? ]pXnb hoSv A√. ]gb hoSv Hcp dn\-th-j≥ hcp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. ]gb hoSn\v Ct∏m-gsØ kml-N-cy-߃°v A\p-k-cn®v Hcp am‰w hcp-Ø-W-sa∂p h∂-Xn-\m-em-W-Xv. IpSpw-_-]-c-am-bnØs∂ h∂ Hcp Xocp-am-\-am-W-Xv. ]gb Xd Xs∂. ]nW-dmbn-bnse Ct∏m-gsØ hoSv Rm≥ Xmakw XpS-ßn-bXv ASn-b¥-cm-hÿ Ign-™-bp-S-s\-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Ct∏mƒ {]Nm-cWw AhnsS `b-¶-c-amb hoSv \n¿Ωn-®n-cn-°p-I-bmWv ]nW-dmbn hnPb≥. Rms\-SpØ hoSv (A∂pw Hcp tem¨ kwL-Sn-∏n-®m-bn-cp∂p hosS-Sp-Ø-Xv) hm¿t∏ Bbn-cp-∂n-√. a®p-t]mepw C´n-´n-√m-bn-cp∂p. AI-Øp-I-bdn apI-fn-tem´p t\m°n-bm¬ HmSp ImWpw. ]t£, ]nW-dm-bn-bpsS hoSns\ CFw-Fkv hna¿in-®n-cp-∂nt√? AXp ]d-bmw. CFw-Fkv IÆq-cn¬ Hcp ]cn-]m-Snbv°p h∂XmWv. ]n∂oSv ]mSyØv Hcp ]cn-]m-Snbv°v t]mIm-\p-≠v. At∏mƒ ho´n¬ IqSnb ÿnXnbv°v D®-`-£Ww ho´n¬ \n∂mImw. ]pXnb hoS-t√. Aßs\ CFw ho´n¬ h∂p. `£Ww Ign-™-t∏mƒ Csb-Ωn-s\m∂p aq{X-sam-gn-°-Ww. Fs‚ ho´n¬ A‰m®vUv _mØvdqw C√. X´p-X-´m-bp-ff ]d-ºm-Wv. tate tIdnt∏m-I-Ww. tate tIdn-t∏m-Im≥ CF-Ωn\p ]‰n-√. Rm\pw hnjan-®p. CFΩpw hnj-an-®p. Ah-km\w hoSns‚ ]n≥`m-KØv G¿∏m-Sp-≠m-°n-s°m-Sp-Øp. At∏mƒ CFw Ft∂mSp ]d-™p. ""F¥m hnP-bm, Ct∏mƒ Bsc-¶nepw CXp-t]m-semcp hosSSptIzm? Hcp _mØvdqw IqSn A‰m®p sNtø-t≠. Aß-s\bt√ Ct∏m-gsØ hosSms°''. ]t£, h∂ {]Nm-cWw F¥m? ""CFw-F m hoSp I≠p. B›-cy-s∏-´p-t]m-bn. hnP-b-t\mSp Xs∂ tNmZn-®p. F¥m hnPbm CXv. Cß-s\-sbmcp hoSn-t∏mƒ Bsc-¶n-ep-sa-Sp-°p-tam? {]tXy-In®pw Hcp ]m¿´n {]h¿Ø-I≥. CXm-bn-cp∂p {]Nm-c-Ww.

44

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

B ho´n¬ A‰m®vUv _mØvdqw hcp-∂-Xv, AΩ-sbmcp Znhkw tate t]mbn´v I°q-kn¬ Ccp-∂n´v Fgp-t∂‰p t]mcm≥ ]‰m≠m- b n. Rms\- S p- Ø p- s Im≠p t]mtc≠n h∂p. ]ns∂ AΩbv°v _mØvdq-an¬ t]mIm≥ ]‰mØ Ahÿ h∂-t∏mƒ D≠m-°n-b-XmWv A‰m®vUv _mØvdqw-. km[m-c-W-bn¬ km[mc-W-bmb hoSm-W-Xv. AXn-s\-∏‰n `b-¶c hoSm-sW∂v [cn-®psh-®-h-cmWv Cu {]N-c-W-Øns‚ `mK-am-bn-´p-f-f-Xv. Ct∏m-gsØ s]mXp-Im-cy-߃ sh®v Ipd-®p-IqSn kuIcyw thW-sa-∂p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Xd Aß-s\-Xs∂ \n¿Øn. Bfp-Isfms° h∂m¬ Ccn-°m≥ ]mI-Øn¬ Hm^okv apdnbpw tImembpw IqSn hoXn Iq´n. AI-tØm´p t\sc C∏-d-bp∂ a®v hm¿∏m-°n. ap≥`m-KØv GWn-∏-Sn-bpsS `mKw A¬∏w IqSn \ofw Iq´n. C{Xtb D≠m-bn-´p-f-fq. AXn\p Rms\mcp temsWSp-Øp. AXp-sIm≠p Xocpw F∂m-bn-cp∂p Fs‚ IW-°p-Iq´¬. AXp-sIm≠p Xocn√ F∂m-b-t∏mƒ aI-fpsS t]cn¬ H∂pIq-Sn-sb-Sp-Øp. Ct∏mƒ AXpw-sIm≠pw Xocm-Xm-b-t∏mƒ ssh^ns‚ ]nF-^n¬ \n∂pw temsW-Sp-Øp. Rms\s‚ a\km-£n-tbmsS Ft∏mgpw DØcw ]d-bm-dp-f-fq. AXn\pw HcpL-´-Ønepw BcpsS ap∂nepw Xe-Ip-\n-°n√ F∂ Dd∏v F\n°p≠v. B¿°pw Fs∂ Xe-Ip-\n-∏n-°m\pw Ign-bn-√. CXn-\-∏pdw Fß-s\-bm-Wv C°mcyw hni-Zo-I-cn-t°-≠-X? 2005 ¬ amXr-`qan hmcn-I-tbmSv ]d™ Imcy-߃ Xs∂-bmWv BZm-b-\nIpXn hIp-∏n\v \¬Inb kXy-hm-Mvaq-e-Ønepw ]nW-dmbn ]d-™Xv. H∂pw am‰n-∏-d-™n-´n-√. Ah-cpsS At\z-j-W-Ønepw adn-s®m∂pw shfn-s∏-´p-an-√. ]t£, ]ns∂bpw hoSn-s\-°p-dn®pff \nKq-VX {]Ncn-∏n-°-s∏-´p. Cu A`n-apJw {]kn-≤o-I-cn-®-Xn\p tijhpw hoSns\ kw_-‘n®v F{Xtbm Btcm-]-W-ßfp≠m-bn. hoSn-s\-°p-dn®v XßfpsS hmcn-I-bn¬ ]nW-dmbn ]d™ Imcy-߃ icn-bmtWm F∂t\z-jn-°m≥ Hcp t^mt´m-{Km-^sd amXr-`q-anbv°p Xs∂ \ntbm-Kn°m-am-bn-cp-∂p. Cu A`n-apJw {]kn-≤o-I-cn-®-Xn\p apºpw tijhpw FÆ-a‰ A]-hm-Z-߃ ]nW-dmbn hnP-b-s\-Xnsc \n¿Ωn®p {]kn≤o-I-cn® amXr-`q-anbv°v CXpw IqSn At\z-jn-°m-am-bn-cp-∂p. kXyk-‘-amb am[y-a-{]-h¿Ø-\-amWv amXr-`qan \S-Øp-∂-sX-¶n¬ XßtfmSv ]nW- d mbn shfn- s ∏- S p- Ø nb Imcy- ß ƒ icn- b mWv F∂v sXfnhpklnXw {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°m-am-bn-cp-∂p. amXr-`q-an-bnse Nne¿ Xs∂ sN√pw sNehpw sImSpØp hf¿Øp∂ ss{Iw \µ-Ip-am¿ {]N-cn-∏n-°p∂ \pW-Isf s]mfn-°m≥ B ]{Xw apXn-cp-sa∂p hnUvVn-Iƒ°p t]mepw Icp-Xm-\m-hn-√.

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

45

Hcp sXfn-hp-an-√msX ]d∂p Ifn® Btcm-]-W-߃
2007 Unkw-_¿ 27 \v BZmb \nIp-Xn hIp∏v AUo-j-W¬ Ub-d-IvS¿ ka¿∏n® kXy-hm-Mvaq-e-Øn¬ ck-I-c-amb Hcp hkvXpX shfn-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. ]nW-dm-bn-bpsS BUw-_c hoSv kw_-‘n® Btcm-]-W-߃ IrXy-a-s√∂pw IqSp-X¬ hni-Zmw-i-߃ Bh-iys∏´v 15-˛05-˛2007 ¬ ]cm-Xn-°m-c\v IØp \¬In-sb∂pw B IØnt\mSv CXp-hsc {]Xn-I-cn-®n-s√-∂p-amWv B hnh-cw. tIcf sslt°m-S-Xn-bn¬ sImSpØ l¿Pn-bnse Btcm-]Ww kw_-‘n®v IqSp-X¬ hnhcw Bcm-™n´v Hcp hnh-chpw \¬Im≥ ]cm-Xn-°m-c≥ Xøm-dm-bn-√. ]cm-Xn-bpsS hm¿Øbv°v {]m[m\yw In´W-sa-t∂-bp-ffq. sXfn-bn-°Wsa∂ hmin-sbm∂pw ss{Iw DS-abv°n√. - emhv-en≥ tIkn¬ sImSpØ l¿Pn-bnse Btcm-]-W-Øns‚ Imcy-Ønepw CXp-X-s∂-bm-bn-cp∂p ÿnXn. Xs‚ ssIhiw sXfnshm-∂p-an-s√∂v hfsc kXy-k-‘-ambn At±lw kn _n- sF-tbmSv kΩ-Xn-®p. 2008 Unkw-_¿ 5 \mWv kn _n- sFbv°p apºmsI ss{Iw \µ-Ip-am¿ samgn \¬Im-s\-Øn-b-Xv. ]d-bm-\p-f-f-sXms° ]d™p Ign™v At±lw CXpw IqSn ]d-™p. Being specifically asked, I say that, I dont have any evidence with me to point forwards the said allegations. Cu samgn kn_nsF tcJ-s∏-SpØn kq£n-®n-´p≠v. Xs‚ ssIbn¬ Hcp sXfn-hp-an√ F∂p Xpd∂p ]d-™p-sIm≠mWv tIcfw I≠ G‰hpw henb hy‡n-l-Xybv°v ss{Iw \µIp-am¿ Xp\n-™n-d-ßn-b-Xv. sXfn-hp-I-sfm-∂p-an√ F∂v kn _nsFbv°v samgn \¬Inbn-cn-s°-bmWv hne-s∏-´Xpw \n¿Wm-b-I-hpamb sXfn-hp-Iƒ kn _n- sFbv°v ssIam-dn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-I-bmWv F∂v \µ-Ip-am¿ ]{X-k-tΩ-f-\-ß-fn¬ {]Jym-]n-®-Xpw, A°mcyw apJy-[mcm am[y-a-߃ henb Xe-s°-´p-I-fn¬ hm¿Ø-bm-°n-b-Xpw. AtX Btcm-]-W-߃ Xs∂-bmWv Cbmƒ Zo]IvIpam-dn-s\s°m≠pw ]d-bn-∏n-®Xv. CsXmcp h√mØ {]Xn-`m-k-am-Wv. sXfn-hpI-sfm∂pw Xs‚ ssIbnen√ F∂v G‰p ]d-™p-sIm≠pXs∂ Hcmƒ kn _n sF t]msemcp At\z-j-W-kw-L-Øn\p apºmsI Iptd Btcm-]-W-߃ D∂-bn-°p-∂p. ct≠m aqt∂m sIm√sØ At\z-j-W-Øn\p tijw Btcm]W߃s°m∂pw Hcp sXfn-hp-ans√∂v kn _n sF {]Jym-]n-°p-∂p. IrXy-amb CS-th-f-I-fn¬ am[ya-߃ ]cn-lm-ky-ambn B-tLm-jn-® Hc\pjvTm\Iebmbncp∂p emhven≥ tIsk∂v Ncn{Xw Hm¿Øpshbv°w. CXp-X-s∂-bmWv Ihn-bq¿ Infn-cq¿ tIkp-I-fpsS A\p-`-h-hpw. kn ]n- sF (Fw) t\Xm-°-sfbpw Ah-cpsS a°-sfbpw IYm-]m-{Xß- f m°n {]N- c n- ∏ n® IY- I - f nepw kXyw Is≠Øm≥ kn _n sFbv°p Ign™n√. Ahsbms°bpw s]mfn-™p.

46

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

5 BZyw ssI°q-enbv°p km£n... ]ns∂ sIme-]m-XIØn\pw! - emhv-en≥ Icmdns‚ ad-hn¬ ]nW-dmbn hnPb≥ kmº-ØnI Agn- a Xn \S- Ø n- s b∂ Btcm- ] Ww kn _n sFbpsS BZy At\zjW dnt∏m¿´p Xs∂ Xf-fn-°-f-™-tXm-sS, ]Ww hmßn-bXv t\cn¬ I≠p F∂p hnfn®p ]d-bm≥ Hcp hmS-I-\mhv A\n-hm-cy-ambn. A`n-`m-j-Is‚ tIkv Ubdn F∂ kn\n-a-bn¬ sIme-]m-XIw t\cn´p ImWp∂ Hcp "s]Iyq-en-b¿ sF hn‰v\-kns\' krjvSn-°p∂ A`n-`m-jI Iuiew Nn{Xo-I-cn-®n-´p-≠v. tXßm tamj-W-Øn-\n-sS sXßns‚ a≠-bn-en-cn-°p-tºmƒ Xm≥ sIme-]m-XIw I≠p F∂mWv Cu "sF hn‰v\kv' tImS-Xn-bn¬ ]d-™-Xv. AXp-t]mse ]nW-dmbn hnP-bs\Xnsc Ccp-fn¬ \ns∂mcp "sF hn‰v\kv' s]mSp-∂s\ cwK{]-thiw sNbvXp. Abm-fmWv Zo]IvIpam¿. ss{Iw \µ- I p- a m¿ Xs∂- b mWv Cu "sF hn‰v \ - k n- s ‚'bpw krjvSm-hv. BZyw ss{Iw A®-Sn-°p-∂p. AXv sXfn-hm°n ss{Iw "]{Xm-[n-]¿' tImS-Xn-bn¬ l¿Pn \¬Ip-∂p. XpS¿∂v B Btcm-]W-߃ F√m am[y-a-ß-fnepw {]Xy-£-s∏-Sp-∂p. CXm-bn-cp-∂t√m emhv-en≥ A]-hmZ {]N-c-W-Øns‚ coXn-im-kv{Xw. Zo]IvIpamdns‚ hc-hnepw AXn\p am‰-ap-≠m-bn-√. Zo]IvIpamdns‚ hchpw CXpt]mse Xs∂bmbncp∂p. BZyw ss{Iw. ]ns∂ kn _n sF, AXphgn tImSXn.. Aßs\ am[yaßfntebv°v... 2010 G{]n¬ 10 \v ss{Iw Hm¨sse-\n¬ {]Xy-£-s∏´ Hcp hm¿Ø-bnse ]cm-a¿i-߃ ImWpI:
Zneo]v- cmlpes\m∏w Fkv-F≥kn emhven≥ Iº\nbn¬ 15 h¿jw tPmen sNbv-X Zo]Iv- Ipam¿ F∂ aebmfnsbbpw

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

47

tNmZyw sNbv-Xn´n√. ]nWdmbn hnPb\pambn Fkv-F≥kn emhven≥ Iº\n \SØnb F√m kmºØnI CS]mSpI-sf°pdn®pw Zo]Iv- Ipamdn\v- t\cn´v- Adnbmw F∂pam{Xa√ Nne kmºØnI CS]mSn¬ ZrIvkm£nbpamWv.- ]nWdmbn hnPb≥ ]Ww ssI∏‰p∂Xn\v- Cu Zo]Iv- Ipam¿ t\cn´v- km£nbmWv. ]nWdmbn hnPb≥ emhven≥ CS]mSn¬ \SØnb {Iat°SpIsf kw_‘n® sXfnhpIfpw tcJIfpw Zo]Iv- Ipam¿ 4 Znhkw apºv- kn _n sF Fkv- ]n apcptIjn\v- sNss∂bn¬ \¬Inbn´p≠v. -sNss∂ sk‰n¬Uv- aebmfn BWv- Zo]IvIpam¿. 60 t]PpIƒ D≈ kXyhmMvaqehpw 140 t]PpIƒ D≈ a‰v- tcJ-I-fp-amWv- Zo]Iv- Ipam¿ kn _n sF Fkv- ]n apcptIjns‚ ap∂n¬ lmP-cm°nbncn°p∂Xv-. Xs‚ Poh≥ A]ISØn¬ BsW∂pw kwc-£Ww \¬IWsa∂pw Bhiys∏´vsslt°mSXnsb kao]n°m≥ HcpßpIbmWv- Zo]Iv- Ipam¿. emhv-en≥ tIkn¬ Hcmƒ 60 t]Pp≈ kXy-hm-Mvaq-ehpw 140 t]Pp-I-fp-≈ a‰p sXfn-hp-Ifpw kn _n- sFbv°p ka¿∏n® hm¿Ø 2010 G{]n¬ 22se ]{X-߃ hgn P\-a-dn-™p. Cß-s\-sbmcp ]cmXn In´n-bn-´p-s≠∂v kn _n sF kvs]jy¬ t{]mkn-Iyq-´¿ tImS-Xnsb [cn-∏n-®p. Zo]Iv Ipam-dns‚ ]cmXn ]cn-tim-[n°pw ˛ kn _n sF F∂ Xe-s°-´n-emWv amXr-`q-an-bnse hm¿Ø. B hm¿Ø-bn¬ Cßs\ ]d-bp-∂p: emhv e n≥ Icmdn¬ ]nWdmbn hnPb≥ tImSnIƒ tImg hmßp∂Xv Xm≥ t\cn¬ I≠n´ps≠∂mWv Zo]Iv Ipam¿ kn _n sFsb Adnbn®n´p≈Xv. kn _n sFbpsS sNss∂ Hm^okn¬ CXp kw_‘n®v At±lw ]cmXnbpw XpS¿∂v samgnbpw \¬Inbn´p≠v. Nne ]cmXnIƒ ]q¿Wa√. a‰p Nne ]cmXnIƒ tI´dnhns‚ coXnbnep≈XmWv. F∂m¬ IqSpX¬ hy‡-Xbp≈ hnhc߃ e`n®m¬ Ah Xo¿®bmbpw kn _n sF At\zjn°psa∂v t{]mknIyq´¿ t_m[n∏n®p. ""IqSpX¬ hy‡Xbp≈ hnhc߃ e`n®m¬ Ah Xo¿®bmbpw kn _n sF At\zjn°pw'' F∂p ]d-™m¬ ]®-a-e-bm-f-Øn¬ Hc¿Y-ta-bp-≈q. 60 t]Pv kXy-hm-Mvaq-e-Ønepw 140 t]Pv a‰p sXfnhp-I-fnepw hy‡-X-sbm-∂p-an-√. ]{Xw Xs∂ ]d-bp-∂-Xv, Nne ]cmXn-Iƒ ]q¿W-a-s√∂pw a‰p-Nne ]cm-Xn-I-ƒ tI´-dn-hns‚ coXn-bn-ep≈Xp-sa-∂m-Wv. B‰n-°p-dp-°n-bm¬ 60 πkv 140 kaw 200 t]Ppw kzml. ]t£, AXp Xpd∂p ]d-bm-\p≈ kzmX{¥yw amXr-`q-an-bv°n-√-t√m.

48

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

Fe-sa‚-dn... Fs‚ {]nb-s∏´ hmSvk¨... ""At\z-jn°pw'' F∂v kn _n sF t{]mkn-Iyq-´¿ t_m[n-∏n® ÿnXn°v At\z-jWw \S-°p∂ hnhcw hmb-\-°msc Adn-bn-°pI Xs∂ thWw. 2010 sabv 18\v amXr-`q-an-bpsS sNss∂ teJ-I≥ t]cpsh®v cwK-Øn-d-ßn. hm¿Ø-bpsS Xe-s°´v ˛ kn _n sF kmlNcysØ-fn-hp-Iƒ tiJ-cn-°p-∂p. sj¿eIv tlmwkns\ [ym\n®v At±lw a\-kn¬ ]d-™p. "Fe-sa‚-dn... Fs‚ {]nb-s∏´ hmSv-k¨...' tijw FgpXnØp-S-ßn: FkvF≥kn emhven≥ tIkn¬ kmlNcysØfnhpIƒ tiJcn°p∂Xn\v kn _n sF {iaw XpSßnbXmbdnbp∂p. Xncp-h\-¥-]pcw kztZinbpw sNss∂bn¬ hyhkmbnbpamb Zo]Iv Ipam¿ \¬Inb samgnbpsSbpw tcJIfpsSbpw ASn-ÿm\ØnemWv kn _n sF Cu tIkn¬ At\zjWw ]pXp-hgnIfneqsS sIm≠p-t]m-Ip-∂Xv. C°gn™ Znhkßfn¬ kn _n sF DtZymKÿ¿ Zo]°pambn _‘s∏´v Nne kw`-hßfpsS hniZmwi߃ tXSnbncp∂p. FkvF≥kn emhven\pw sI Fkv C _nbpw XΩnep≠m°nb Icmdn\p ]ndIn¬ {]h¿Øn® apJyhy‡nsb∂v Btcm]n°s∏Sp∂ Zneo]v cmlpe\pw tIknse {]XnIfpw XΩnep≈ ASp-∏-Øns‚ \n¿WmbIhnhc߃ Zo]Iv kn _n sF°v \¬In-b-XmbmWv hnhcw. teJ-I\v e`n® cl-ky-hn-hcw A\p-k-cn®v At\z-jWw "]pXph-gn-'tb ]ptcm-K-an-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Zneo]v cmlp-e\pw tIknse {]XnIfpw XΩn-ep-≈ ASp-∏-Øns‚ \n¿Wm-bI hnh-c-ß-fm-Wt{X Zo]Iv kn _n- sFbv°v \¬In-b-Xv. CXm "\n¿Wm-bI' hnhcw: G‰hpw {][m\s∏´ cm{„obt\Xm°ƒ°v Zneo]v- cmlpe≥ t\cn´pXs∂bmWv ]Ww ssIamdnbncp∂sX∂pw Zneo]ns‚ Zp_mbnep≈ Iº\nbn¬ tPment\m°p∂ Hcp kv{XobpsS sIm√Øp≈ hoSv tI{µoIcn®mbncp∂p ]e ]WanS]mSpIfpw Bkq{XWw sNbvXncp∂sX∂pw kn _n sF°v hnhcw e`n®n´p≠v. CtX hmN-I-߃ ss{Iw \µ-Ip-am¿ t\csØ kn _n -sF-tbmSp ]d-™n-´p-≠v. 2009 Pq¨ 11-\m-Wt√m ]nW-dmbn hnP-b\v kn_nsF Ip‰-]{Xw \¬In-b-Xv. Xm≥ {]N-cn-∏n® Btcm-]-W-ß-sfm∂pw Cu Ip‰-]-{X-Øn¬ CSw-t\-Sn-bn√ F∂p I≠ ss{Iw DSa 2009 sk]vXw_¿ 5 \v kn _n -sF-bpsS sNss∂ Hm^o-kn-tebv°v Hcp IØ-b®p. B IØv ss{Iw Hm¨ss-e-\n¬ {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. B IØnse A©m-asØ t]mbn‚ v CXm-bn-cp-∂p.

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

49

5. Dileep Rahulan had paid a huge amount to Pinarayi Vijayan at various locations including Kannur in Kerala. He had used various NRI bank accounts to withdraw money. For instance; he had used the bank account of Beena Abraham, who is Dileep Rahulan's girl friend. They were classmates and are now working together in Dubai. ss{Iw \µ-Ip-am¿ \n¿an-°p∂ emhv-en≥ A]-hm-Z-߃ Xs∂bmWv apJy-[mcm am[y-a-߃ Gs‰-Sp-°p-∂Xv F∂p Ak-µn-Kv[-ambn Hcn-°¬°qSn sXfn-bp-∂p. "\n¿Wm-b-I-hn-h-c-߃' F∂ Sn∏-Wn-tbmsS amXr-`qan At\zjn-®dn™v dnt∏m¿´p sNbvX Cu hnh-cßsf°p-dn-®mWv "Hcp sXfnhpan- √ mØ Btcm- ] - W - ß ƒ' F∂v kn _n sF XpS- c - t \z- j W dnt∏m¿´n¬ hni-Zo-I-cn-®-Xv. AtXmsS amXr`qan teJI≥ sIm´nKvtLmjn® "\n¿WmbI hnhc'Øns‚ AS∏p sXdn®p. \pWbv°p aosX hnizm-ky-X-bpsS Icn-ºSw ]pX-bv°p-∂-Xn\v A]hmZßfpsS \nc-¥-c-amb Bh¿Ø\w A\nhmcyamWv. F{Xtbm XhW Bh¿Øn-®mWv "hc-Zm-Nm-cn-bpsS Xe-]cntim[\°Y'bv°v at\m-ca hnizm-kyXbp≠m-°n-b-Xv. Zo]Iv Ipam-dns‚ hnizm-kyX Ac-°n-´p-d∏n-°m-\p-ff \ntbmKw amXr-`q-an-bpsS sNss∂ teJ-I\mWv Gs‰SpØXv. A]hmZ{]NcWØns‚ ImcyØnepw at\mcatbmSp Ct©mSn©p a’camWv amXr`qan ImgvNhbv°p∂Xv. Ah¿°v hcZmNmcnsb¶n¬ R߃°v "Zo]Iv Ipam¿'. "bYm¿Y ]{Xw' Aßs\sbms°bmWv "i‡n' sXfnbn°p∂Xv. sXm´p-ap-I-fn¬ D≤cn® dnt∏m¿´v {]Xy-£-s∏´v IrXyw aq∂mw \mƒ Zo]Iv Ipam-dns‚ A`n-apJw amXr-`q-an-bn¬ {]Xy-£-s∏-´p (2010 G{]n¬ 25). A`napJw \SØnbtXm, sj¿eIv tlmwkns‚ Bcm[I\mb AtX sNss∂ teJI≥. "e£yw s]mbvapJw Xpd∂p Im´¬' F∂ Xe-s°´p hncn®v amXr-`qan Zo]Iv Ipam-dns\ s]mXpZ¿i-\-Øn\v InSØn. A`n-ap-JØn¬ \n∂v: BZ¿iw ASnØdbm°nb Hcp {]ÿm\Øns‚ t\Xm°ƒ P\ßsfbpw kaqlsØbpw h©n°ptºmƒ AhcpsS s]mbvapJ߃ Xpd∂pImt´≠Xp≠v ˛ emhven≥ tIkn¬ kn _n sF °v IqSpX¬ tcJIƒ ssIamdnb Xncph\¥]pcw kztZinbpw sNss∂bn¬ hyhkmbnbpamb Zo]Iv Ipam¿ amXr`qantbmSv ]d™p. AhnSw sIm≠pw teJ-I≥ \n¿Øn-bn-√. At±lw Zo]Iv Ipam-

50

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

dns\ Cßs\ hmb-\-°m¿°p ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-ØpI IqSn sNbvXp. ""Ign™ G{]n¬ BZyamWv Zo]Iv 60 t]Pv hcp∂ tcJIƒ kn _n sF°v ssIamdnbXv. icnbmb Znibn¬ At\zjWw apt∂dnbm¬ emhven≥ tIknse {]XnIƒ°v in£ In´p-sa-∂pd∏mWv. AXn\p≈ sXfnhpIƒ kn _n sF°v ap∂nep≠v''. Adp-]Xp t]Pv tcJ, icn-bmb coXn-bnse At\z-j-Ww, {]XnIƒ°p in£ In´p-sa∂ Dd-∏v. ss{Ian¬ \n∂v t\cn´p ]I¿Ønb hmN-I-߃. ]t£, CsXms° sNbvXn´pw kwKXn IØn-∏n-Sn-®n-√. Fhn-sStbm Ft¥m Hcp Ipdhv Zriy-am-bn-cp-∂p. tIm¨{K-kv, _nsP]n, ]n kn tPm¿Pp-am-cpsS emh-en≥ ]{X-k-tΩ-f-\-߃ ]Xnsb \ne®p. s]m´p IpØn, ]pSh Nm¿Øn, Nm¥p- sXm´v Icn-h-fbWnbn®v ss{Iw \µIpam¿ Fgp-s∂-f-fn® "ZrIvkm-£n-'°v kn ]n- F-Ωns‚ {]Jym-]nX cmjv{Sob FXn-cm-fn-I-sf-t∏mepw hio-I-cn-°m-\m-bn-√. Fßpw Hcp ivaim\ aµX.

F∂menXm ]nSnt®m Hcp "Adp-sIm-e-]m-XIw'!
AXp Xncn-®-dn-™n-´mhWw, km£m¬ "ZrIvkm£n' Nm\-ep-Ifntebv°v t\cns´gp-s∂-≈m≥ Xocp-am-\n-®-Xv. Gjym-s\-‰v, C¥ym-hnj≥, at\m- c a Nm\- e p- I - f psS ss{]w ssSw 2010 \hw- _ ¿ 11\v ZrIvkm£n A]-l-cn-®p. Fcnhpw ]pfn-bp-ap-≈ Hcp hc-hm-bn-cp∂p AXv. ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ ssI°qen hmßp-∂Xv t\cn´p I≠p F∂p ]d-™n´pw Xs∂ Gs‰-SpØp sIm≠m-Sm-Ø- kn ]n Fw hncp-≤¿°p t\sc At±lw Xpdp∏p Kpem≥ Id-°n-sb-dn-™p. emhv-en≥ CS-]mSp-ambn _‘-s∏´v \S∂ sIme-]m-XIØn\pw Xm≥ km£nbmWt{X! Nm\-ep-I-fmb Nm\-ep-Iƒ Cu sIme]mXIIY G‰p hmßn. kv{Io\ns‚ ]IpXntbmfw hen∏Øn¬ "t{_°nwKv \yqkv' ]nd∂p. kwKXn PKs]mKbmbn. emh-ven≥ kw_-‘n® sSen-hn-j≥ N¿®bv°p sN√p∂ kn ]n sF Fw t\Xm- ° sf ]√pw \Jhpw tijn- ° msX Xn∂pXo¿°p∂hcmWv sSen-hn-j≥ Nm\-ep-I-fnse ]e hm¿Øm Ah-Xm-cIcpw. Ah-cpsS ap∂n-emWv Zo]Iv Ipam¿ Hcp sIme-]m-XI IY samgn-™-Xv. t\csØ 60 t]Pv kXy-hm-Mvaq-ehpw 140 t]Pv a‰p sXfnhpw kn _n- sFbv°v ka¿∏n® ZrIvkm-£n-bmWv AXn-sem∂pw ]d-bmØ sIme-]m-X-I-°-Y-bp-ambn Nm\¬ \nc-ßm-s\-Øn-b-Xv. at‰ Ccp-\qdp t]Pp sXfnhpIfpsS Iq´Øn¬ Cu sIme-]m-X-I-IY F¥p-sIm≠v ]d-™n√ F∂v "_lp-am-\-s∏´ km£n-'tbmSp tNmZyw Hgn®p as‰√mw Nm\¬ in¶ßƒ tNmZn®p. a¿Ω{][m\amb Cu tNmZyw Hgnhm°p∂Xn¬ Ah¿ XΩn¬ Hcp a’chpan√mbncp∂p. Hcp a\tkmsS F√mhcpw H‰s°´mbn. 2010 G{]n-en¬ \S-Ønb

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

51

Ac-t߉w Ign™v F´p amk-߃°p tijw ssI°q-en-bpsS ZrIvkm£n, sIme-]m-X-I-Øns‚bpw ZrIvkm-£n-bm-Ip∂ amPnIv GXv A°m-Z-an-bmWv ]cn-io-en-∏n-®Xv F∂pw Bcpw tNmZn-®n-√. ]nWdmbn hnP-b-≥ \S-Ønb sIme-]m-X-I-w hni-Zo-I-cn-°p-∂-Xn-\nsS tNmZyw tNmZn®v _p≤n-ap-´n-®m¬ \njv]-£-Xbv°p `wKw h∂m-tem! Cu sIme-]m-X-I-°Y amXr-`qan Cßs\ dnt∏m¿´p sNbvXp. hm¿Ø-bpsS Xe-s°´v emh-ven≥: IqSp-X¬ sXfnhp \¬Im-sa∂p Zo]Iv Ipam¿ (2010 \hw-_¿ 12) hm¿Ø Cßs\, Fkv F≥ kn emhven≥ Icmdpambn _‘s∏´v Im\Ubnte°v t]mbncp∂ sshZypXn hIp∏nse D∂X DtZymKÿs‚ acWw sIme]mXIamsW∂v Cu tIkn¬ samgn\¬Inb sNss∂bnse aebmfn hyhkmbn Zo]Iv Ipam¿ ]d™p. sIme]mXIw kw_‘n® sXfnhpIƒ Xs‚ ]°eps≠∂pw AXv kn _n sF tImSXn apºmsI \¬Im≥ XbmdmsW∂pw At±lw Adnbn®p. (F∂psh®m¬ 60 πkv 140 kaw 200 t]Pn¬ CXn√mbncp∂p). ]t£, CX√ bYm¿Y hm¿Ø. sXm´p ]nt‰∂v amXr- ` qan Xs∂bmWv AXp {]kn-≤o-I-cn-®-Xv. "tImg-∏Ww \¬Im≥ Zneo]v cmlp-e≥ ]W-sa-Sp-Ø-Xn\v sXfn-hp-s≠∂v Zo]Iv Ipam¿' F∂ Xes°-´n¬ sNss∂ teJ-I≥ hI hm¿Ø. Zo]Iv Ipamdpw Zneo]v cmlp-e\pw H´n-t®¿∂p \n¬°p∂ _mey-Ime ªm°v B≥Uv ssh‰v t^mt´mbmWv hm¿ØbpsS sslsse‰v. Zo]Iv Ipamdpambn \SØnb hni-Z-amb A`n-ap-J-ØnembmWv hm¿Ø Hcp°nbXv. 1996 se \nb-a-k`m Xnc-s™-Sp-∏n\p sXm´p-apºv Zneo]v cmlp-e≥ IÆq-cnseØn ]nW-dmbn hnP-b\v c≠p-tImSn cq] \¬Ip-tºmƒ Xm≥ H∏ap-≠m-bn-cp∂p, I\mdm _m¶ns‚ Fd-Wm-Ipfw imJ-bn¬ \n∂mWv Zneo]v cmlp-e≥ ]Ww ]n≥h-en-®-Xv Fs∂ms° Zo]Iv Ipam¿ amXr`qan teJ-It\mSp shfn-s∏-Sp-Øn. "Bflhnizmk'tØmsS Xs∂ At±lw AsXms° dnt∏m¿´p sNbvXp. AXp hmbn®h¿ Zo¿L\nizmkw hn´p. ^vfm‰n¬\n∂v _m¶n-tebv°p t]mIp-tºmƒ henb _msK-SpØv Imdns‚ Un°n-bn¬ sh®p, _m¶v kabw Ign-™mWv sN∂-sX¶nepw amt\-P¿ ImØn-cn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p, Zneo-]ns‚ knbtem Im¿ HmSn-®Xv Zo]Iv Ipam-dm-bn-cp-∂p, ]W-sa-SpØ Znhkw Xßn-bXv tImgnt°mSv tlm´-en¬. sXm´p-]n-t‰∂v IÆq-cn-te-bv°v, Xe-ti-cn-bn-se-Ønb-t∏mƒ hgn ImWn-°m≥ thsdmcp Imsd-Øn, AXns\ ]n¥p-S¿∂v ]nW-dmbn hnP-bs‚ ho´n-seØn F∂n-ßs\ hnjz¬ Cw]mIvSp {]Iº\w sIm≈p∂ \tc-j-\mWv teJ-I≥ \S-Øn-b-Xv.

52

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

Cu hm¿Ø hcp-∂-Xns‚ c≠p-Zn-hkw apºmWt√m "_lpam\s∏´ ZrIvkm£n' \yqkv Nm\-ep-Iƒ Ib-dn-bn-dßn Hcp sIme-]m-XI-IY hnh-cn-®-Xv? AXn\ptijw IYm-]m-{XsØ ssIbn¬ In´p∂ GsXmcp ]{X- { ]- h ¿Ø- I \pw BZyw tNmZn- ° p∂ tNmZyw F¥mbncn°pw? {]kvXpX sIme-]m-X-IsØ kw_-‘n-®m-bn-cn-°pw. A¤p-X-I-c-sa∂p ]d-b-s´, Zo]Iv Ipam¿ shfn-s∏-Sp-Ønb sIme-]mX-I°Ybv°p ]pdsI Hcp am[ya{]h¿Ø-I-\pw t]mbn√. Cu shfns∏-Sp-ج \S-Øn-b-Xn\p tijw IYm-]m-{X-hp-ambn kwkm-cn-°m≥ Ah-kcw In´n-bn-´p-t]mepw, sIm√s∏´Xv Bcv, sIm∂Xmcv, FhnsS sh®v, AXpw tIkpw XΩnep≈ _‘sa¥v, tIskmXp°nbXmcv XpSßnb Hcp tNmZyhpw amXr-`q-an-bpsS sNss∂ teJ-I\pw tNmZn®tXbn√. Cu sNbvØn\p sj¿eIv tlmwkns‚ Bflmhv At±ltØmSp s]mdp°s´ F∂p am{Xta \ap°p ]dbm\mhq. CXn-s\ms° Hc¿Y-ta-bp≈q. apgp-h≥ _Um-bn-bmWv F∂dn™p sIm≠p-X-s∂-bmWv ]nW-dmbn hnP-b-s\-Xn-sc-bp-≈ \pW {]N-cWw ]e ap≥\nc am[y-a-{]-h¿Ø-Icpw Gs‰-Sp-Ø-Xv. Bscms°tbm NcSp hen®p. AXns\m∏n®v Nnescms° CfInbmSn. Nne¿ Cu ]mh°qØv \∂mbn BkzZn®p. Iptdt∏scms° AXn¬ hoWpt]mhpIbpw sNbv X p. Zo]Iv Ipam- d ns‚ ]- c m- X n- I - ƒ A]q¿Whpw tI´p-tIƒhn-bpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Øn-ep-≈-Xp-am-sW∂v dnt∏m¿´p sNbvXn-´pw, B samgn-bp-sSbpw sXfn-hp-I-fp-sSbpw ASnÿm-\-Øn¬ ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ in£n-°-s∏Spw F∂ ]cn-lm-kyamb {]Jym-]\w \S-tØ≠ KXn-tI-Sn-tebv°v amXr-`q-an-b-S-°-ap-ff ]{X-ßsf \bn®Xv, NcSp]nSn® ssII-fpsS I-cp-Øm-Wv.

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

53

6 Hcp "Xe ]cn-tim-[\'bpsS Zpc¥ ]cy-hkm\w ]nWdmbn hnPbs\Xnsc IqewIpØnsbmgpInb am[ya∏IbpsS G‰hpw Ccp≠ A[ymbamWv hcZmNmcnbpsS Xe]cntim[\--°Y. A]hmZsØ s]mXpt_m[am°p∂ am[yaX{¥Øns‚ G‰hpw lo\amb sXfnhpIqSnbmWXv. [\-Im-cy-hIp∏v {]n≥kn∏¬ sk-{I-´-dn-bm-bn-cns° emhven≥ Icmdns\ \JinJm¥w FXn¿Ø hcZmNmcn F∂ sF F Fkv DtZymKÿs‚ Xe ]cn-tim-[n°-Wsa∂v ]nWdmbn hnPb≥ ^b-ensegpXn F∂mWv am[ya߃ {]Ncn∏n®Xv. Xe-]-cn-tim-[-\-°YbpsS Bh¿Øn-®p-≈ {]N-c-W-Øn-eqsS ]nWdmbn hnPbs\ am[ya߃ [m¿jvSy ]¿h-X-am°n. cmjv{Sob Agn-aXn XS-bm≥ {ian®v ]cm-Pb-s∏´ DtZym-Kÿ \n -lm-b-X-bpsS -{]Xo-I-ambn hcm-Zm-Nm-cnsbbpw hnhm-ZØn¬ ASbmfs∏SpØn. bYm¿YØn¬ kl-I-cW taJebpambn _‘s∏´v Hcp hnjbØnt∑¬ \S∂XmWv Cu kw`hw. AXv 1997 ¬ tIcfØnse apJym[mcm ]{Xßsf√mw Htct]mse dnt∏m¿´v sNbvXn´p≠v. Cu kw`-hsØ-bmWv emhven≥ tIkpambn _‘s∏SpØnbXpw ]n∂oSv kn _nsFsb-s°m≠pt]mepw hnizkn∏n°p∂ XeØnte°v hf¿ØnbXpw. kn _n sF At\z-jW dnt∏m¿´n¬ hc-Zm-Nm-cn-sb-°p-dn®v Cßs\- ]cm-a¿in-°p-∂p:
A∂sØ [\- I mcy {]n≥kn- ∏ ¬ sk{I- ´ dn hc- Z m- N m- c n, Im≥kdpw sshZyp-Xnbpw kw_-‘n-®p-≈ Akm-[m-c-W-amb _‘- s Ø- ° p- d n®v tNmZy- a p- b ¿Øn \ho- I - c W Icm- d ns\ FXn¿Ø-t∏mƒ, A∂sØ a{¥n ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ hc-ZmNm-cn-bpsS Xe ]cn-tim-[n-°-W-sa∂v cq£-ambn {]Xn-I-cn-°p-

54

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

Ibpw sNbvXp. {]k-‡-amb tcJ-Iƒ ImWm-\n-s√-¶nepw apXn¿∂ DtZym-K-ÿ-cpsS hmsam-gn-sØ-fn-hp-Iƒ Cu hkvXpX ÿnco-I-cn-°pw-. emhven≥ tIkn¬ apJy-[mcm am[ya߃ {]tbmKn® krKmeIuie߃ kn _n- sF-sb-t∏mepw kzm[o-\n-®p-. Kuchamb "am[ya]T\w' \SØp∂h¿°v ]eXcØn¬ A]{KYn°mhp∂ tIkv ÃUnbmbn hcZmNmcnbpw At±lØns‚ Xebpw Ncn{XØn¬ F∂pap≠mIpw.

hc-Zm-Nm-cn-bpsS Xe- ]-cn-tim-[\ ˛ 1997 ¬
"hc-Zm-NmcnbpsS Xe-]-cn-tim-[\' 1997 sk]vXw-_¿ 11 se tIcf IuapZnbnemWv BZyw {]Xy-£-s∏-´-Xv. ]©m-b-Øp-I-fpsS ^≠v AXXv {Kma-ß-fnse kl-I-cW _m¶p-I-fn¬ \nt£-]n-°-W-sa∂ kl-I-cW hIp-∏ns‚ ip]m¿ibn¬ FXn¿∏v tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-s°m≠v [\-Imcy {]n≥kn-∏¬ sk{I-´dn Fkv hc-Zm-Nmcn Nne AXn-cp-IS∂ ]cm-a¿i-߃ \S-Øn. tIc-f-Ønse kl-I-cW _m¶p-Iƒ°v hnizm-kyX Cs√-∂m-bn-cp∂p G‰hpw ISpØ ]cm-a¿iw. CXn-s\Xnsc kl-I-cWa{¥n- ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ apJy-a{¥n C sI \mb\m¿°v FgpXnb IØn¬, CØ-c-Øn¬ A`n-{]m-b-s∏´ DtZym-Kÿs‚ at\m-\ne ]cn-tim-[n-°-W-sa∂v ]cn-l-kn-®n-cp-∂p. "[\-Imcy sk{I-´-dn-s°-Xnsc kl-I-c-W-a-{¥n' F∂ Xes°´nemWv tIcf IuapZn hm¿Ø {]kn≤o-Icn®Xv. 1997 sk]vXw-_¿ 12 \v at\mcabpw Cu hm¿Ø dnt∏m¿´v sNbvXp. hm¿Ø-bpsS c≠mw JWvUnI: ]©m-b-Øp-Iƒ°v A-\p-h-Zn® ]Ww {Sj-dn-bn¬ \nt£-]n°msX AXXv ]©m-bØnse GsX-¶nepw {]mY-anI kl-I-cW kwL-Øn¬ \n-t£-]n-°-W-sa∂ kl-I-cWa{¥n-bpsS \n¿tZ-isØ [\-sk-{I-´dn FXn¿Øn-cp-∂p. A[n--Imc]cn[n hn´p {]h¿Øn-°p∂ sk{I-´-dnsb \nebv°p \n¿Ø-W-sa∂pw at\m-tcmK hnZ-Kv[-s\-s°m≠v ]cn-tim-[n-∏n-°-W-sa∂pw a{¥n ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ apJy-a-{¥n°v IsØ-gp-Xn-bXv sF F Fkv hrØ-ß-fnepw kwL-S\mt`Z-an-√msX [\-Imcy sk{It´-dn-b-‰nepw {]Xn-tj-[-ap-b¿Øn. emhv-en≥ Icm-dn-s\-°p-dn®v hnPn-e≥kv At\z-j-W-Øn\v DØc-hn-´-tXmsS ]{X-ß-fn¬ IY-I-fp-w ]c-º-c-I-fp-w s]mSn-]mdn. kn ]n sF FΩns\Xnscbp≈ h≥cm-jv{Sob Bbp-[-ambn emhven≥ tIkv D]- t bm- K n- ° m\p≈ tIm¨{Kkns‚ Xocpam\sØ AIagn™v ]n¥pWbv°m≥ aebmf at\mca cwKØndßn. AtXmsS, hc-Zm-

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

55

Nm-cn-bpsS Xe emhen≥ hnhmZØnte°v ka¿Y-ambn sh´n-sbm-´n®p. Hcp "kq∏¿ Cwt]m-kn-j≥.' 2003 am¿®v 8\v "Im\Um Icm¿ FXn¿Ø sk{I-´-dn°v Xe-bv°v XI-cmsd∂v ]nW-dmbn Fgp-Xn' F∂ Xes°´n¬ ]gb hm¿Øsb at\m-ca A]\n¿-an®tXmsS hcZm-Nm-cn-bpsS "Xe-hc' amdn. hm¿ØbpsS XpS°w- Cßs\bmbncp∂p: Im\Um Iº-\n-bp-am-bp-≈ CS-]m-Sns\ "Akw-_‘w' F∂v {]n≥kn-∏¬ sk{I-´dn hc-Zm-Nmcn hnti-jn-∏n®Xn\p Xncn-®-Snbm-bn´mWv At±-l-Øns‚ Xe ]cn-tim-[n-°m≥ saUn-°¬ t_m¿Un-te°v Ab-bv°-W-sa∂v Fgp-Xn-b-Xv. ]©m-b-Øp-IfpsS ^≠v AXXv ]©m-b-Ønse GsX-¶nepw {]mY-anI kl-I-cW kwL-Øn¬ \nt£-]n-°-W-sa∂ \n¿tZ-ihpw AXn-t\m-Sp-≈ hc-Zm-Nm-cn-bpsS \nehn´ FXn¿∏pw DtZymKÿs\ \nebv°p \n¿ØWsa∂v ]nWdmbn hnPb≥ apJy-a-{¥ns°-gp-Xnb IØp-sams° CtXmsS hnkvar-Xn-bn-em-bn. IØns\ at\mca ^b-em°n.

hc-Zm-Nm-cn-bpsS Xe-bpsS kq∏¿ Cwt]m-kn-j≥ -˛ 2003\p tijw
emhven≥ hnhmZw tIm¨{Kkn\v A\pIqeambn apt∂m´p sIm≠pt]mIp∂Xn\v at\mcabn¬ Hcp hm¿Øm^mIvSdn Xs∂ {]h¿Ø\amcw`n®p. B ^mIvSdn D¬∏mZn∏n® FÆa‰ \pWhm¿Ø-Ifnse BZybn\ambncp∂p Cu hm¿Ø. hnPne≥kv At\zjWw A\nhmcyamsW∂ t_m[yw hmb\°mcn¬ Dd∏n°m≥ th≠n sa\™ BZyIYbnse \mbI≥ hcZmNmcnbmbn. 2003 am¿®v F´ns‚ ]{Xw hmbn°ptºmƒ hmb\°m¿ 1997 am¿®v 12se hm¿Ø Hm¿°ns√∂v Bsc°mfpw \∂mbn at\mca teJI¿°v Adnbmw. ]cºcmKXambn IayqWnÃpImtcmSv sh®p]pe¿Øp∂ ]Ibpw sshchpw Xo¿°m≥ Bdp h¿jw ]g°ap≈ hm¿Øsb ^m≥kn {UkWnbn®v at\m-ca AcßnseØn®p. ]e XhW hcZmNmcn°Y at\mcaØmfpIfn¬ {]Xy-£s∏´p. ]nWdmbn hnPb\v X߃ cq]-s∏-Sp-Ønb [m¿jvSy-Øns‚ {]Xn—mb hmb\°mcpsS a\kn¬ ASn®pd-∏n°m≥ ]eXhW Ah¿ hcmZmNmcnsb Iq´phnfn®p. emh-en≥ ^b-ep-Iƒ ImWm-\n-s√∂ kw{`a-P-\-I-amb hm¿Ø krjvSn®mWv "hcZm-NmcnbpsS Xe'-sb Ah¿ c≠maXv AcßnseØn®Xv. AXns‚ e£yw as‰m-∂mbncp∂p. It\-Un-b≥ Iº-\n-bmb Fkv- F≥ kn emhv-en≥ Agn-a-Xnt°-kn¬ At\z-jWw sshIp-∂Xv sI F-kv- C- _n-bn¬\n∂v ^b¬ e`n-°m--ØXpsIm≠m-sW∂v' hnPn-e≥kv Ub-d-IvS¿

56

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

Bdph¿jw sIm≠v Hcp hm¿Øbv°p h∂ `mham‰w Cßs\ 1997 sk]vXw_¿ 12s‚ hm¿Ø apIfn¬ 2003 am¿®v 8s‚ hm¿Ø Xmsg

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

57

Dt]-{µ-h¿a- ]{X-k-tΩ-f-\-Øn¬ ]d-™Xmbn hm¿Øbp≠mbn (2005 sabv 23). hnPne≥kv tcJm-aqew Bh-iy-s∏´ ^b-ep-I-sf√mw sshZypXn t_m¿Uv \¬In-b-Xmbn kw`hw At\z-jn® B`y-¥c hIp∏v sk{I´dn sI sI hnP-b-Ip-am¿ k¿°m-cn\v dnt∏m¿´v \¬In. tNmZn® F√m ^bepw hnPne≥kn\v \¬In-bn-´p-s≠∂v A∂sØ sshZypXn a{¥n BcymS≥ apl-ΩZpw shfn-s∏-Sp-Øn. Cu ]cm-a¿iw ]n∂oSv Dt]{µ h¿-abpw ]n≥h-en-®p. hnhmZ ]cm-a¿i-߃ Xm≥ \S-Øn-bn-´ns√∂v Dt]{µ h¿a ]d-™-Xmbn]{X-ß-fn¬ hm¿Ø h∂p (2005 sabv 29). F∂n´pw ^b-ep-Iƒ ImWm-\n-s√∂ hnhmZw XpS¿∂p. ImWmXmb ^b-epIfn¬ HscÆw hc-Zm-Nm-cn-bpsS Xe Dƒs∏´Xmbn-cp∂psh∂v at\mca Dd∏n®p. ]nWdmbn hcmZmNmcnsb°pdn®v Cu ]dbp∂ ]cma¿iw \SØnbn´pt≠m, Ds≠¶n¬ AXns‚ kmlNcysa-¥mbncp∂p, emhven≥ Icmdnt\mSp≈ FXn¿∏mbncpt∂m ]cma¿iØn\v ASnÿm\w Fs∂ms° ]cntim[n°Wsa¶n¬ ^b¬ I≠pIn´Ww. ^b¬ apßnbm¬∏ns∂ B¿°pw Cu hnhc߃ ]cntim[n°m\mhn√. AXp-sIm≠v B ^bepw apßntb Xocq. hcZmNmcnbpsS Xesb emhven≥ tIkntebv°v sh´nsbm´n® AtX teJI≥ 2005 Pq¨ \men\v ho≠pw {]Xy-£-s∏´p. Xe-s°´v: "ImWm-Xmb ^b-en¬ [\-h-Ip-∏ns‚ FXn¿∏pw ]nW-dm-bn-bpsS adp]-Sn-bpw. [\-Imcy sk{I-´-dn-bpsS Xe ]cn-tim-[n-°-W-sa∂v ]nWdmbn ^b-en-se-gpXn'. Hcp ^beps≠∂v BZyw {]Ncn∏n®p. AXp ap°nsb∂mbn ASpØ {]NcWw. AXphgn ^bep ap°nbXp sIm≠v sXfnhpw t]mbn F∂ s]mXpt_m[w krjvSns®SpØp. 2005 Pqem-bn¬ kn F Pn {Um^v‰v dnhyq tNm¿Ønsb-SpØv krjvSn® hnhmZw s]men-∏n-°m≥ Fgp-Xnb apJ-{]-kw-K-Ønepw hcZm-Nm-cn-sb-Øs∂ at\m-ca \mb-I-\m-°n. "Im\-U-bn¬\n∂v ]Ww X´n-b-Xmcv?' F∂ apJ-{]-kwKØns‚ BZy-J-WvUnI Cß-s\-bmbn-cp∂p (2005 Pqembv 12): Hcp Xe-]-cn-tim-[-\-bpsS IY-bn¬\n∂mWv Fkv- F≥ kn emh-en≥ Icm¿ XpS-°w... emh-en≥ ˛ sshZypXn t_m¿Uv Icm-dns‚ t]cn¬ It\-Un-b≥ C‚¿\m-j-W¬ sUh-e-]vsa‚ v GP≥kn (kn-U) 100 tImSn cq] Im≥k¿ C≥Ãn-‰yq-´n\v \¬Ip-sa∂v ]d-bp-∂Xv A¿Y-iq\yw As√-¶n¬ hnUvVn-Øam-sW∂v ^b-en¬ Fgp-Xn. CXp-I≠v A∂sØ sshZypXn a{¥n ]nW-dmbn hnP-b-\m-I-s´, hc-Zm-Nm-cn-bpsS Xe ]cn-tim[n-°-W-sa-∂mWv ^b-en¬ Fgp-Xn-∏n-Sn-∏n-®Xv.

58

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

]n∂oSv "tIc-f-Øns‚ 375 tImSn ]mgm-°nb Fkv- F≥ kn Icm-dns‚ Zpcq-l-h-gn-I-fn-eqsS' aq∂v at\m-ca teJ-I¿ bm{X sNbvXp. B bm{XmhnhcW ]cºc 2005 Pqembv 17 apX¬ {]Xy-£-s∏´p XpS-ßn. B ]c-º-c-bnepw hcZmNmcnbmbncp∂p \mbI≥. BZy F∏n-tkm-Uns‚ B apJ-hm-Iy-߃: ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ Fgp-Xn-sb-¶nepw ap≥[-\-sk-{I-´dn hcZmNm-cn-bpsS Xe C\n ]cn-tim-[n-t°-≠-Xn-√. A°u-≠‚ v P\d¬ B Xe-bv°p-≈nse Bi-b-߃ ]cn-tim-[n®p Ign-™p... "hnhmZw IØn-∏-S-cp-tºmƒ I¿aw sNbvX Nmcn-Xm¿Yy-am-Wv X\ns°∂v teiw ZpxJw]pc≠ hm°p-I-tfm-sS-bm-sW¶nepw hc-Zm-Nmcn Xs∂ sXcys∏SpØn'sb∂v "Xe-am-‰¬' ikv{X-{Inb \S-Ønb teJI≥ {]Jym]n®p (2006 s^{_phcn 15)! "emhv-en≥ : \jvS-s∏´ tcJ-Iƒ kn _n sF ]p\-xkr-jvSn®p' F∂ Xe-s°-´n¬ 2009 Pq¨ 11 \v \¬Inb hm¿Ø-bnepw Cu ]gºp-cmWw Hcpfp∏pan√msX at\m-ca hnf-ºn. tIknse \n¿Wm-bI tcJ-Iƒ ]eXpw kn _n sF ]p\x-kr-jvSn-s®-¶nepw hcZmNmcnbpsS Xe am{Xw Ah¿°v e`n- ° msX t]mbn t]mepw! ^b¬ 2005 ¬Øs∂ "ap°n'bncp∂t√m! 1997 sk]v X w- _ ¿ 12s‚ hm¿Øbv ° p kw`hn® `mham‰w Fßs\bp≠v ? AXnhnZKv [ ambmWv at\mca hcZmNmcnsb D]tbmKn®Xv. emh-en≥ Icm-dns\ FXn¿Ø [\-Imcy {]n≥kn-∏¬ sk{I-´-dn-bpsS Xe ]cn-tim-[n-°-W-sa∂ [m¿jvSyw ]nW-dmbn {]ISn- ∏ n®p F∂ I≈°Y BZyw krjv S n®p; ]n∂oSv B ^b¬ ap°nsb∂v FgpXn ÿm-]n-®p. XpS¿∂v apJ-{]-kw-Kw hgn AXv A\ntj-[y-am°n hm¿-Øm--]-c-º-cbn¬ {]Xn-jvTn-®p, XcwIn´nbt∏msg√mw Bh¿-Øn®p. Aßs\ temI-Øp≈ Hct\zjW GP≥kn°pw sXfnbn- ° m\m- h ns√∂v Dd- ∏ n- ° - s ∏´ Btcm]Ww "at\mcam^mIvSdn'bn¬ ]nd∂v P\m`n{]m-bØns‚ `mKambn amdn!

kq∏¿ Cwt]m-kn-j≥ s]mXp-hn-izm-k-am-b-t∏mƒ
at\m-ca krjvSn® Cu h{Io-I-cWw ]n∂oSv F√m am[y-a-ßfpw Gs‰-Sp-Øp. amXr-`q-anbpw awK-fhpw am[y-ahpw C¥ym-hn-j\pw Gjyms\-‰p-sams° Xe]cn-tim-[\m hnjbw Bh¿Øn®p ssIImcyw sNbvX-tXmsS hc-Zm-NmcnbpsS Xe emhv-en≥ tIknse anØmbn amdn. 2009 G{]n¬ c≠ns‚ amXr`qanbn¬ "emhven≥: ]nWdmbnbpsS e£yw kz¥w t\´sa∂v kn _n sF' F∂ BdptImfw hen∏Ønse H∂mw t]Pv hm¿Øbn¬ hcZmNmcnbpsS Xe Cßs\ {]Xy£s∏Sp∂p≠v:

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

59

Du¿Psk{I´dnbmbn Imemh[n ]q¿Ønbm°nb sI taml\N{µs\ sI Fkv C _n sNb¿am\m°n \ne\n¿Ønbpw Icm-dns\ FXn¿Ø [\Imcysk{I´dn hcZmNmcnbpsS _p≤n ]cntim[n°Wsa∂v t\ms´gpXn CXns\ FXn¿Øhsc Xf¿-Ønbpw ]nWdmbn hnPb≥ Icm¿ km[yam°nØo¿-°pI-bmbncp∂p. ]n∂oSv, "emh-ven≥: \mb-\mcpw inhZm-kta-t\m\pw i_vZn-®n-s√∂v km£n' F∂ Xe-s°-´n¬ {]tXyI teJ-I≥ hI hm¿Ø-bnepw (2009 Pq¨ 19) "Xe-]-cn-tim-[-\-°Y' amXr-`qan Bh¿Øn-®n-´p-≠v. hcZmNmcnsb B´nsØfn-°p∂ ImcyØn¬ B\pImenI-ßfpw Ct©mSn-©v a’cn®p. ka-Im-enI aebmfw hmcn-I-bn¬ \n∂v: 1. GXm-bmepw emh-ven≥ Icm-dn-s\-Xnsc hntbm-P-\-°p-dn∏v FgpXnb ap≥[-\-Imcy sk{I-´dn hc-Zm-Nm-cn-bpsS Xebv°v Imcyamb XI-cm-dp-≈-Xn-\m¬ ASn-b-¥-c-ambn Xe ]cn-tim-[n-°W-sa∂ sshZypXa{¥n-bm-bn-cp∂ ]nW-dmbn hnP-bs‚ \nco£Ww icn-bm-bn-cpt∂m F∂v \ap°v ImØn-cp∂v ImWmw. (apJ-{]-kw-Kw, kn _n- sF bpsS cwK-{]-th-iw, 2007 P\p-hcn 26). 2. ...A∂sØ [\-Imcy sk{I-´dn hc-Zm-Nmcn Icm-dn-s\-s®m√n \nc-h[n hntbm-P-\-°p-dn-∏p-Iƒ _‘-s∏´ ^b-en¬ Fgp-Xnbn-cp-∂Xv ]cn-tim-[n-°pIt]mepw sNøm≥ a{¥n F∂ \nebn¬ ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ k∂-≤-\m-bn-s√∂ Btcm-]-Whpw {it≤-b-am-Wv. am{X-a-√, ap≥[-\-Imcy sk{I-´-dn°v Xe]cntim-[\ A\n-hm-cy-am-sW∂pIqSn ^b-en¬ Fgp-Xn-t®¿°m\mWv a{¥n Xp\n-™-Xv. (teJ\w ˛ "]n-W-dmbn hnP-b≥ amXrI Im´ptam, s{]m^. sI Ac-hn-µm-£≥, 2007 P\p-hcn 26) sXfn-sh-Sp∏pthf-bn¬ Xe ]cn-tim-[-\-°mcyw kn _n sF ]nWdmbn hnPbt\mSv Bcm-™n-cp-∂p. kl-I-cW hIp-∏p-ambn _‘-s∏´ ^b-en-emWv B ]cm-a¿i-sa∂v At±lw adp-]Sn \¬IpIbpw sNbvXp. emhv-en≥ ^b-en¬ Xs∂-bmWv Cu ]cm-a¿i-sa∂v hc-Zm-Nm-cnbpw samgn \¬In. Xß-fpsS `mKw ka¿Yn°m≥ Hcp tcJbpw c≠p-t]cpw ka¿∏n-®n-√. At\z-j-W-Øn¬ ^b¬ Is≠Øm≥ kn _n -sF°pw Ign-™n-√. (2005 ¬ Xs∂ ^b¬ IS-Ønbn-cp-∂-t√m!). Btcm-]Ww sXfn-bn-t°≠Xv Btcm]W I¿Ømhns‚ _m[yX-bmWv. ChnsS Btcm]Ww D∂bn®Xv hcZmNmcnbmWv. AXv sXfn-bnt°≠ DØchmZnXzhpw At±lØn\pXs∂. Btcm-]Ww ka¿-Yn-°m≥ Hcp tcJbpw lmP-cm-°m≥ At±-l-Øn\v Ign-™n√.

60

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

sXfn-hn-s√∂ Imc-W-Øm¬ {]YaZrjvSym X≈n°tf-b≠XmWv Cu Btcm-]-Ww. F∂m¬ "apXn¿∂ sF F- Fkv DtZym-K-ÿs‚ samgn X߃ hniz-kn-°p-∂p-' sh∂mWv At\z-jW dnt∏m¿´n¬ kn _n sF DtZymKÿ¿ Fgp-Xn-t®¿ØXv. kn _n sF At\zjWØns‚ ap≥hn[n°v G‰hpw henb sXfnhpw CXpXs∂bmhp∂Xv AXpsIm-≠mWv. emhven≥ ^ben¬ ]nWdmbn Cu ]cma¿iw \SØnsb∂v kn _nsF tbmSv km£yw ]d™hcn¬ ss{Iw -hmcn-IbpsS DSabpw D≠mbncp∂p. sk{It´dnb‰nse ^b¬ hnhcßsf kw_-‘n°p∂ X¿°Øn¬ A«oehmcnI°mc≥ km£n-thj-Øn-seØnbXns‚ HuNnXyhpw Bcpw tNmZyw sNbvXn√. 1997 sk]vXw-_-dnse tIc-f-Iu-apZn -hm¿Ø ssIcfn Snhnbpw tZim-`n-am-\nbpw NnI-s™-Sp-ØtXm-sS- 2003 am¿®v 8 \v dneokv sNbvXv 2009 Pq¨ 19 hsc HmSnb hc-Zm-Nmcn kocn-b¬ Ah-km-\n-®p. am[ya-ß-fpsS Cu B`n-Nm-c-I¿asØ \nin-X-ambn hna¿in®vv Pn kp[mI-c≥ ]{X-k-tΩ-f\w \S-Øn-sb-¶nepw -am-[y-a-߃ Ah-K-Wn-®p. 1997 sk]vXw-_¿ amk-Ønse tIc-f-Iu-ap-Znbpw at\m-cabpw amXr-`q-anbpw D≤-cn®v bYm¿-Y hkvXpX ssIc-fnbpw tZim-`n-am-\nbpw {]kn-≤o-Icn®-tXmsS hnhmZw Ac-ßn¬\n∂v ]n≥hm-ßn. ItømsS ]nSn-°s∏´n´pw X߃°v sX‰p-]-‰n-b-Xm-sW∂v Xpd∂p kΩ-Xn-°m\p≈ B¿Phw am[y-akZm-NmcØns‚ samØ-°®hS°m¿ CtX-hsc {]I-Sn-∏n-®n-´n-√. - - - - ]{Xw hmb-\-bn¬ ]pe¿tØ-≠ \nXm-¥-amb Pm{K-Xsb Cu -hnhmZw ASn-h-c-bn-´p-d-∏n-°p-∂p. 1997 ¬ hm¿-Ø BZyw {]Xy-£s∏´ kml- N - c y- a - ∏ msS ad- ® p- ] n- S n®v AtX ]{Xw Bdp h¿jØn\ptijw AtX hm¿Ø Hcp s]cp-¶-≈-ambn Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂Xn\v H‰ Imc-W-ta-bp-≈q. Bdp h¿jØn\p apºp-≈ hm¿-Ø hmb\-°m-c≥ ad-°p-sa∂ ss[cyw. hmb-\-°m-cs‚ Hm¿a-sb t]Sn-°m-\ns√∂ Bfl-hn-izm-k-amWv ap≥\nc am[y-a-Øns‚ G‰hpw apXn¿∂ teJIs\-s°m≠pt]mepw \pW-sb-gp-Xn-®Xv. h{Io-I-c-W-Øn-\v, Ir{Xn-a-Øn-\v, hymP {]N-mc-W-Øn\v D]-tbmKn-°p∂ F√m kt¶-X-ßfpw hc-Zm-Nm-cn-bpsS Xe-°-Ym]cºcbn¬ ka¿-Y-ambn Cg tN¿Øn-´p-≠v. A®-Sn-bpsS B[n-Im-cn-IX, kmt¶XnI hm°p-IfpsS Bh¿Øn-®p-≈ D]-tbm-Kw, (Akw-_‘w F∂¿Y-ap-≈ {]ot]m-Ã-sdkv F∂ Cw•ojv hm°v hc-Zm-Nmcn D]-tbm-Kn-®Xn-emWv ]nW-dmbn {]tIm-]n-X-\m-b-sX∂v at\m-ca teJ-I≥ Bh¿Øn®v Fgp-Xp-∂p-≠v) \mS-Io-b-amb Ah-X-c-Ww, t_m[-]q¿h-ambn krjvSn-°p∂ Bi-b-°pg∏w, {][m\ hkvXp-X-bpsS Xa-kvI-cWw F∂n-hsbms° ka¿Yambn D]-tbm-Kn®v A]-hmZw P\-kΩXn-bm-°p∂ - am[ya-X{¥amWv "hc-Zm-Nm-cn-bpsS Xe-]cn-tim-[\' shfn-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂Xv.

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

61

7 "ap°nb' ^b-ep-Ifpw ap߬hn-ZKv[cmb - am[y-a{]-h¿Ø-Icpw emh-ven≥ A]-hmZ {]N-c-W-hp-ambn _‘-s∏´v at\m-ca kwhn[m-\w sNbvX as‰mcp \mSIambncp∂p AgnaXnbpambn _‘s∏´ ^bepIfpsS "ap߬'. Aßs\ apßnb \n¿Wm-bI ^b-ep-Ifn¬ H∂p am{X-am-bn-cp∂p hcZmNmcnbpsS Xe kw_‘n®Xv. Hmtcm ^bepw ImWm\ns√∂v hm¿ØsbgpXptºmgpw ^bense hnhcßf{Xbpw at\mcabn¬ {]Xy£s∏´p. \n¿WmbIhpw kp{][m\hpamb hnh-c-ß-fmWv ImWmXmb ^bepIfn¬ D≠mbn-cp∂sX∂v ]{Xw Xd∏ns®gpXn. hc-Zm-Nm-cn-bpsS Xe ]cn-tim-[\t]mse - CXpw Hcp Zpc¥]cy-h-km-\n-bm-bn-Øo¿∂p.
cwKw H∂v ˛ Dt]-{µ-h¿Ω-bpsS ]{X-k-tΩ-f\w
hnPn-e≥kv hIp∏ns‚ hm¿jnImtLmj NSßns\°pdn®v hniZoIcn°m≥ UbdIvS¿ Dt]{µh¿Ω \S-Ønb ]{XktΩf\Øn¬ emhven≥ tIkt\zjWw sshIp∂Xns\°pdn®p tNmZy-apb¿∂p. AXn-\p-a-dp-]-Sn-bmbn At±lw kmµ¿`nIambn \SØnb ]cma¿iØn¬ \n∂mWv at\mca IYbv°p ]gpXp krjvSn®Xv. Htc ]{X--k tΩf\w amXr`qanbpw at\mcabpw dnt∏m¿´v sNbv X sXßs\sb∂v ]cntim[n°mw. "Agn-aXn IqSp-X¬ dh-\yq hIp-∏n¬ ˛ hnPn-e≥kv Ub-d-IvS¿' F∂mbn-cp∂p amXr-`q-an-bpsS Xe-s°´v (2005 sabv 24). dnt∏m¿´v Cßs\: tIkp- I - f p- s Sbpw Ip‰- ] - { X- ß - f p- s Sbpw ASn- ÿ m- \ - Ø n¬ G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ Agn-a-Xn-bp-≈Xv dh\yq hIp-∏n-em-sW∂v hnPn-e≥kv Ub-d-IvS¿ ]n Dt]{µh¿a. Btcm-Kyw, knhn¬

62

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

kssπkv hIp-∏p-I-fmWv c≠mw ÿm\-Øv. s]meokv aq∂mw ÿm\-Øpw. It\-Un-b≥ Iº-\n-bmb Fkv- F≥ kn emhven≥ Agn-a-Xn-t°-kn¬ At\z-jWw sshIp-∂Xv sI F-kvC -_n-bn¬ \n∂v ^b-ep-Iƒ e`n-°m-ØXpsIm≠m-sW∂v hnPn-e≥kv Ub-d-IvS¿ ]{X-k-tΩ-f-\-Øn¬ ]d-™p. sdbvUv \SØn ^b-ep-Iƒ ]nSn-s®-Sp-°m-\m-Wv Dt±-in-°p-∂-Xv.... Fkv -F≥ kn emh-ven≥ tIkv At\z-jWw \o≠pt]mIp-∂-Xmbn Icp-Xp-∂n-√. At\z-jWw XpS-ßn-bXv c≠pamkw apºv am{Xam-Wv. A©p h¿j-Øn-e[nIw ]g-°ap≈ tIkp-Ifn¬t∏mepw At\z-jWw ]q¿Øn-bm-bn-´n-√. CØcw tIkp-Iƒ Cu h¿jw Xs∂ Xo¿∏m-°p-sa∂pw At±lw ]d-™p. CtX hm¿Ø at\m-c-a-bn-se-Øn-b-t∏mƒ "sshZypXn t_m¿Uv ^b¬ \¬Ip-∂n-√: hnPn-e≥kv Ub-d-IvS¿' F∂mbn Xe-s°-´v. "emh-ven≥ tIk-t\z-jWw sshIp-∂p-sh-∂v hnPn-e≥kv Ub-d-IvS¿ at\m-cabnen-cp∂p ]dbp-tºmƒ, "At\z-jWw \o≠p-t]m-Ip-∂-Xmbn Icp-Xp-∂n-s√'∂mWv AtX hnPn-e≥kv Ub-d-IvS-¿ amXr`qan hgn ]dbp∂Xv. c≠p ]{Xhpw hmbn°p∂h¿ icntbsX∂dnbmsX icn°pw Ipgßnt∏mIpw. 2005 sabv 25\v at\m-ca XpS¿hm¿Ø-sbm-cp-°n. Xe-s°-´v, "^b¬ tNmZn®v hnPn-e≥kv Ub-d-IvS¿ IsØ-gpXpw.' hm¿Ø-bnse hmNI߃; Fkv- F≥ kn emhv-en≥ tIknse kp{]-[m\ ^b¬ Bhiy-s∏´v hnPn-e≥kv Ub-d-IvS¿ Dt]-{µ-h¿a sshZypXn t_m¿Uv A[y-£\v ho≠pw IsØ-gpXpw. tIkv At\z-j-W-Øn\v sN∂ DtZym-K-ÿ-tcmSv Cu ^b¬ ImWm-\n-s√∂v A[n-IrX¿ Adn-bn-®n-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ ^b¬ Ahn-sS-Øs∂ Ds≠∂ \nK- a - \ - Ø n- e mWv hnPn- e ≥kv kwLw. AXp- s Im- ≠ mWv ho≠pw IsØ-gp-Xp-∂Xv. GXv ^bemWv hnPne≥kv tNmZn®Xv F∂v IrXyambn ]dbmsX kp{]-[m\ ^b¬ tNmZn®n´v sImSpØns√∂mWv at\mca ÿm-]n-®Xv. Hcp {]tXyI \ºcp≈ ^btem Hcp hnjbØnep≈ F√m ^bepIfptam Bbncn°pat√m At\zjWkwLw Bhiys∏SpI. "FhnsS kp{]-[m\ ^b¬' F∂p tNmZn®v Htcm^okns\bpw Bcpw kao]n°mdn√. bYm¿-Y-Øn¬ hnPne≥-kns‚ sNehn¬ at\mca Hcp hnhmZw krjvSn-°p-I-bmbncp∂p. ^b¬ \ºtcm ^b¬ Xncn-®-dn-bm≥ at‰-sX-¶nepw IrXyamb kqN-\tbm hm¿-Ø-bn¬ Dƒs∏-Sp-Øn-bm¬ I≈n s]mfn-bpw F∂dnbmhp∂Xp-

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

63

sIm≠mWv "kp{]-[m\ ^b¬ tNmZn®v I-sØ-gpXpw' F∂m°nbXv. AtXXp ^b¬ F∂mcpw tNmZn°n√t√m. "hnPn-e≥kv ^b¬ ˛ B`y-¥c sk{I-´dn dnt∏m¿´v \¬Ip'sa∂v at\m-ca ho≠pw Fgp-Xn (2005 sabv 28). dnt∏m¿´v ka¿∏n°p∂tXmsS "kp{]-[m\ ^b-ens‚' Imcy-Øn¬ Xocp-am-\-a-dn-bmsa∂ BImw- £ - t bmsS hmb- \ - ° m¿ ImØn- c p- ∂ p. F∂m¬, Dt]{µh¿abpsS \ntj[w ]{X߃°v {]kn≤oIcn-t°-≠n h∂p. "t_m¿Uv ^b¬ Xcp-∂n-s√∂v ]d-™n-´n√ ˛ Dt]{µh¿a' F∂ Xes°´n¬ at\mcabpw hm¿Ø {]kn≤oIcn®p (2005 sabv 29). hm¿-Øbn¬ \n∂v: sshZypXn t_m¿Uv ^b-ep-Iƒ \¬Ip-∂n-s√-∂-√ Xm≥ ]{Xk-tΩ-f-\-Øn¬ ]d-™-Xv. GXm\pw ^b-ep-IƒIqSn In´m-\p-s≠∂pw X߃ Ah Xnc™psIm≠n-cn-°pI-bmsW∂pw t_m¿Uv A[n-Ir-X¿ Adn-bn-®n-cp∂p-sh∂mWv Xm≥ ]d-™Xv. Dt]-{µ-h¿a hni-Zo-I-cn-®p. ]{Xk-tΩ-f-\-Øn¬ ]d™ Imcyw ]{X-°p-dn-∏n¬ hnPn-e≥kv Ub-d-IvS¿ hngp-ßn-sb-¶nepw at\m-ca {]N-cn-∏n® \pW Ah-cpsS Xmfp-I-fn¬ am™pt]mbn-√.

cwKw c≠v ˛ sk{I-´-dn-bpsS sXfn-sh-Sp∏v
"^b¬ hnhmZw: B`y-¥c sk{I-´dn C∂v sXfn-sh-Sp°pw' F∂v at\m-ca hmb-\-°msc Adn-bn-®p(2005 sabv 30). B hm¿Ø-bnepw kp{]-[m\ ^b-en-s\-°p-dn-®p-≈ {]Xo£ ]{Xw ssIhn-´n-√: ..... kp{]-[m-\-amb Hcp ^b¬ e`n-°m-\p-s≠∂ \ne-]m-Sm-bncn°pw hnPn-e≥kv Adn-bn-°p-I. AtX kabw F√m ^bepw In´n-sb∂v t_m¿Uv A[n-Ir-Xcpw ]d-bpw. It\-Un-b≥ Iº\n°v ]Ww \¬In-b-Xns‚ _n√p-Iƒ AS-ßnb Nne ^b-epIƒ am{X-amWv Ah-ti-jn-°p-∂-sX∂pw hnPn-e≥kv Bh-iys∏-´m¬ AXpw \¬Im≥ Xbm-dm-sW∂pw t_m¿Uv Adnbn°pw. t_m¿Uns‚bpw hnPne≥kns‚bpw hniZoIcWsas¥∂v at\m-ca teJ-I≥ Xocpam\n®pIgn™ ÿnXn°v sXfnsh-Sp∏n\v F¥p {]k‡nsb∂v hmb\°mcpw kwibn®p t]mIpw! sI sI hnP-b-Ip-am-dns‚ dnt∏m¿´n\pth≠n hmb-\-°m¿ A£a-tbmsS ImØn-cp-∂-t∏mƒ kp{]-[m\ ^b-ense hnh-c-߃ at\mca {]kn-≤o-I-cn-®p (2005 sabv 31).

64

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

"emh-en≥: ssIam-dm-\p-≈ ^b-en¬ 67 tImSn-bpsS \jvS-°W°v' F∂ Xe-s°-´nse hm¿Ø shfn-s∏-Sp-Ønb hnh-c-߃ NphsS: Fkv -F≥ kn emhv-en≥ tIkn¬ hnPn-e≥kn\v ssIam-dm-\p≈ ^b-en-ep-≈Xv 67 tImSn-bpsS \jvSØns‚ I-W-°v. ]nWdmbn hnP-b≥ sshZypXn a{¥n-bm-bn-cns° ]≈n-hm-k¬, sN¶pfw, ]∂n-bm¿ Pe-ssh-ZypXn ]≤-Xn-I-fpsS \ho-I-c-WØn\p≈ Icm¿ It\-Un-b≥ Iº-\n-bmb Fkv- F≥ kn emhen\v 243 tImSn cq]bv°v \¬Inb C\-Øn-emWv t_m¿Un\v a‰p ]e \jvS-߃°p ]pdta C{Xbpw XpIIqSn \jvS-ap≠mbn-´p-s≠∂v hy‡-am-b-Xv. _m¶v Nm¿Pv C\-Øn¬ Ipd-™Xv 55 tImSn cq]-bmWv \¬tI≠n h∂-Xv. tUmf¿ hn\n-ab \nc°ns‚ hyXym-k-a-\p-k-cn®v Cubn-\-Øn-ep≈ \jvSw 60 tImSn cq] hsc BIpw. CXn\p]pdta Ian-‰vsa‚ vNm¿Pv F∂ t]cn¬ 12 tImSn-tbmfw cq] t_m¿Un¬ \n∂v Fkv -F≥ kn emhven≥ CuSm-°n..... F∂n-ßs\ t]mIp∂p ssIam-dm-\p-≈ ^b-ense shfn-s∏-SpØ-ep-Iƒ. Cu ^b¬ sshZypXn t_m¿Unse ^n\m≥jy¬ AssUz-kdpsS ssIhiaps≠∂pw \nb-a-k`m k_vPIvSv IΩn-‰n-bpsS ]T-\Øn¬ Cu \jvSw shfn-s∏-´n-´ns√∂psams° Fgp-Xn-∏n-Sn-∏n-®n-´p-≠v. AXphsc BcpsSbpw "IÆn¬s∏SmØ hen-sbmcp \jvSw' at\mca I≠p-]n-Sn-®n-cn-°p-∂p! Cu I≠p-]n-SnØ-am-Is´, Pn Im¿Øn-tI-b≥ H∏n´ Icm-dn¬ kΩ-Xn® XpI-bm-sW-∂-XmWv hnNn-{Xw. F∂m¬ At±lØns‚ t]cv hm¿Øbn¬\n∂v ka¿Yambn Hgnhm°n. B`y-¥chIp∏v sk{I-´dn \S-Ønb sXfn-sh-Sp-∏ns‚ hm¿Øbpw CtX Znhkw Xs∂ at\mca \¬In-. "Ub-d-IvSdpw sNb¿am\pw sXfnhp \¬In-'sb∂ Xe-s°-´n\p Xmsg, \ne-]m-Sp-Iƒ Ccphcpw Bh¿Øn-®p-sh∂ D]-X-e-hm-N-Ihpw D≠v. "ap≥ssh-ZypXn a{¥n-bpsS hntZ-i-bm-{X-b-S-°-ap-≈ Nne kp{][m\ ^b-¬ In´m-\p-s≠∂ \ne-]mSv hnPn-e≥kpw F√m ^bepw \¬In- s b∂ \ne- ] mSv sshZypXn t_m¿Upw Bh¿Øn-®p. B`y-¥c sk{I-´-dn \msf dnt∏m¿´v \¬Ipw..' hm¿Ø-bnse _m°n hnh-c-ß-sfms° N¿hn-X-N¿hWw. 67 tImSn-bpsS \jvS-°-W°p≈ ^b-emWv sshZypXn hIp∏v hnPne≥kn\v \¬Im-Ø-sX∂v shfn-s∏-Sp-Øp∂ Hcp hm¿Ø. as‰mcp hm¿Ø-bnemIs´, \¬Im-\p-≈Xv ap≥a-{¥n-bpsS hntZ-i-bm-{X-b-S-°-

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

65

ap-≈ Nne kp{]-[m\ ^b-epIfm-sW∂ hnNn-{X-amb \ne-]m-Sv. a{¥nbpsS bm{Xsb kw_-‘n-°p∂ ^b¬ sk{I-t´-dn-b-‰nse sshZypXn hIp-∏n-emWp≠m-hp-I-sb∂Xpw sshZypXn t_m¿Uns‚ Iøn¬ AØ- c - s amcp ^b¬ D≠m- I m≥ km[y- X - b n- s √- ∂ Xpw at\mca teJI\v {]iv\a√.

cwKw aq∂v ˛ apßnb ^b-en¬ ]nW-dm-bnsb {]Xn-jvTn-°p∂p
"sshZypXn t_m¿-Un¬ \n∂v {]Xn ^b¬ IS-Øn-'sb∂v A©p tImfw hm¿Ø 2005 Pq¨ H∂n\v at\m-ca {]kn-≤o-I-cn-®p. "hnPne≥kv tIkp-Iƒ A´n-a-dn-°m≥ kwLw' F∂ D]-io¿j-I-Øn≥ Iosg, AXn-k-a¿Yambn {]Xn-jvTn-® t_mIvkv sF‰-am-bn-cp∂p hm¿Ø-bpsS a¿aw: hnPn--e≥kv tIkp-Iƒ A´n-a-dn-°m≥ t_m¿Unse hº≥am¿ Dƒs∏-Sp∂ kwLw {]h¿Øn-°p-∂p-t≠m-sb∂v hnPn-e≥kn\v kwibw. kn ]n Fw t\Xmhv ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ Dƒs∏-Sp∂ tIkn¬ Fkv- F≥ kn emhv-en\pw {]Xn-ÿm-\-Øp-≈Xn-\m¬ Cu tIknse ^bepw IS-Øntbm F∂v hnPn-e≥kv kwi-bn-°p∂p. sXm´p-]n-t‰∂p at\m-ca Xs∂ kwi-b-\n-hm-c-Whpw \S-Øn. "emhv-en≥ Icm¿ ^b¬ CSXp `c-W-Im-eØv ap°n-'sb∂v Xe-s°´v. "A{]-Xy-£-am-b-Xn¬ ^b¬ \o°-Øns‚ cPn-Ãdpw Ds≠'∂v D]io¿jIw. emh-ven≥ ^b¬ apßntbm F∂ kwibw Hcp Znhkw {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°p-∂p, B kwibw icn Xs∂-sb∂v sXm´-SpØ Znhkw ÿnco-I-cWw. F{X kq£vaamb Bkq{XWw! hm¿Ø shfn-s∏-Sp-Øp∂ hnh-c-߃ Chbm-Wv... 1. Icm¿ kw_-‘n® ^b-ep-I-fn-sem∂v F¬ Un- F^v `c-W-ImeØv sshZypXn t_m¿Un¬\n∂v A{]-Xy-£-am-bn. 2. bp Un- F^v k¿°m¿ hnPn-e≥kv At\z-j-W-Øn\v DØ-c-hn-´tXmsS ^b¬\o-°-Øns‚ cPn-Ãdpw A{]-Xy-£-am-bn, (A-XmbXv ^b¬\o-°-Øns‚ cPn-ÿ ap°n-bXv bp Un- F^v `c-WImeØv) 3. ae-_m¿ Im≥k¿ sk‚-dn\v 100 tImSn cq] \¬Ip-∂Xv kw_‘n® kp{]-[m\ hnhcw Cu ^b-en¬ D≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xmbn IcpX--s∏-Sp∂p (kp-{]-[m\ hnhcw Hcp ^b-enepw A{]-[m\ hnh-c-߃ thsd ^b-ep-I-fn-ep-am-sW∂v hmb-\-°m¿°v hnizkn°mw). 4. sshZypXn t_m¿Unse Nne D∂X DtZym-K-ÿ¿ ^bepw cPnÃdpw \in-∏n-s®-∂mWv Icp-Xp-∂-Xv. 5. Icm¿ kw_-‘n® ^b¬ t_m¿Unse A°u≠vkv saº-dpsS Hm^o-kn¬ FØnbtijw A{]-Xy-£-am-hp-I-bm-bn-cp∂p.

66
6.

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

^b-ep-I-fpsS \o°w kw_-‘n® cPn-Ã-dn¬ Imcy-߃ tcJs∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cp-∂p. C°mcyw shfn-s∏-´-tXmsS cPn-Ãdpw A{]Xy-£-ambn. 7. CtXmsS ^b¬ A°u≠vkv saº-dpsS Hm^o-kn-se-Øn-sb∂-Xn\v sXfn-hn-√m-Xm-bn. ^b¬ \º¿t]mepw Is≠-Øm≥ \nhr-Øn-bn-√ (A-°u≠v saº-dpsS Hm^o-kn¬ ^b-se-Øn-bXns‚ sXfn-hp-Ifn√, ^b¬ \º¿t]mepw Is≠-Øm≥ am¿Khp-an-√. F∂n´pw ^b¬ A{]-Xy-£-am-bXv F¬ Un- F^v k¿°m-cns‚ `c-W-Im-e-Øm-sW∂v teJ-I≥ IrXy-ambn I≠p]n-Sn-®p. ^bense hnhc߃ Hs∂mgnbmsX shfns∏-SpØpIbpw sNbvXp). Cu hnh- c - ß - ƒ GXm- s ≠√mw Xte∂sØ "sshZypXn t_m¿Un¬ \n∂v {]Xn ^b¬ IS-Øn-'sb∂ dnt∏m¿´n-ep-≠v. AXn¬ ]t£, ImWm-Xmbn F∂v ]d-bp-∂Xv temh¿ s]cn-bm¿ I¨kƒ´≥-knsb kw_-‘n-°p∂ ^b-em-Wv. AXv sXc™v A°u≠vkv saº-dpsS ho´nepw Hm^o-knepw hnPn-e≥kv Htckabw sdbnUv \SØn-sb-s∂ms° ]d-bp-∂p-≠v. B hm¿Ø-bpsS ]›m-Ø-e-hn-h-c-ßfn¬ emh-ven≥ F∂pIqSn Xncp-In-°-b-‰n-b-t∏mƒ sXm´SpØ ZnhksØ H∂mw t]Pv hm¿Ø-bm-bn! emh-ven≥ tIknse ^b-ep-Ifpw IS-Øntbm F∂ kwi-b-ap-b¿Øn Hcmƒ hm¿Ø-sb-gp-Xp-∂p. kwibn-t°-≠, ^b¬ IS-Øn-sb∂ shfn-s∏-Sp-Ø-ep-ambn sXm´-SpØ Znhkw thsdmcp teJ-I≥ cwK-sØ-Øp-∂p. \pW-\n¿amWsØmgnem-fn-Iƒ°v Fs¥mcp HsØm-cp-asb∂v Bcpw Aº-c-∂p-t]m-Ipw. "t_m_\pw tamfnbpw' at\m-c-a-bpsS ]Sn-bn-d-ßn-sb∂v BcmWv ]d™Xv! Pq¨ H∂n\pXs∂ B`y-¥c sk{I-´dn sI sI hnP-b-Ipamdns‚ At\z- j W dnt∏m¿´p h∂p. Cu dnt∏m¿´n\pth≠n hmb\°msc BImw£bpsS apƒap\bn¬ \n¿Ønb ]{Xw ]t£, Dƒt∏PnemWv hm¿Ø {]kn≤oIcn®Xv. X߃ B{K-ln-®Xp {]Imc-ap≈ dnt∏m¿´mhn-s√∂ kqN\ t\csØ In´n-bXp sIm≠m-h-Ww, B`y-¥c sk{I-´-dn-bpsS At\z-jWdnt∏m¿´v Dƒt∏-Pn¬ X≈n, ]Icw `mh-\m-k-º-∂-cmb kz¥w teJ-I-∑m-cpsS at\m-hym-]m-c-߃ ]{Xw H∂mw t]Pn¬ hº≥ hen-∏-Øn¬ {]kn-≤o-I-cn-®-Xv. "hnPn- e ≥kpw sshZypXn t_m¿Upw hogv N - h - c p- Ø n- s b∂v dnt∏m¿´v.' CXmWv hm¿Ø-bpsS Xe-s°-´v. hm¿Ø-bn-te°v: Fkv- F≥ kn emh-ven≥ tIknse ^b-ep-Iƒ tcJm-aqew Bh-iy-s∏-Sp-∂-Xn¬ hnPn-e≥kns‚ `mKØv hogvN h∂-Xmbn B`y-¥c {]n≥kn-∏¬ sk{I-´dn sI sI hnP-b-Ip-am-dns‚

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

67

At\z-jW dnt∏m¿´n¬ Ip‰-s∏-Sp-Øp∂-Xmbn kqN\. AtX kabw tIkv kw_-‘n®v ssI-h-i-ap≈ F√m ^bepw At\zjW kwL-Øn\v ssIamdp∂-Xn¬ t_m¿Uv DtZym-K-ÿcpw A\mÿ Im´n-b-Xmbn dnt∏m¿´n¬ ]cm-a¿i-ap-≠v. c≠p hmIyhpw Ahkm\n∏n®ncn°p∂ coXn {i≤n°pI. "hnPne≥kns‚ `mKØv hogvN h∂-Xmbn dnt∏m¿´v Ip‰-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p-sh∂v kqN\ am{X-ta-bp≈q F∂v BZy-hm-N-I-Øn¬ ]d-bp∂ teJ-I-\v, "t_m¿Uv DtZym-K-ÿ-¿ A\mÿ Im´n-sb∂ ]cm-a¿iw dnt∏m¿´nep-s≠∂' Imcy-Øn¬ Dd-∏p-≠v. tcJm-aqew Bh-iy-s∏-Sp-∂Xn¬ hnPne≥-kv hogvN hcpØnsb¶n¬∏ns∂ t_m¿Uv DtZym-K-ÿsc F¥n\v Ip‰-s∏-Sp-Øp-sa∂v Hcp hmb-\-°m-c\pw No^v FUn-‰-tdmSv IsØgpXn tNmZn-°n-s√∂v teJI\v \n›-b-ap-≠v. Xe-s°´pw BZy-sØ Ht∂m ct≠m hcnbpw Ae-k-ambn hmbn®v A¥na Xocp-am-\-Ønse-Øp∂ Acm-jv{Sob kaq-l-sØ-bmWv X߃ A`n-ap-Jo-I-cn--°p∂-sX∂v Ah¿°v \∂mbn Adnbmw. ]c-kv]chn-cp-≤amb bp‡nIfpw - s]cpw\pWIfpsams° Dfp∏n√msX A®Sn°p∂Xv , kz¥w hmb\°mcn¬ ]{XØn\p≈ Cu hnizmkhpw Hcp Imc-WamWv. hnPn-e≥kv ]eIpdn Bh-iy-s∏´n´pw t_m¿Uv kp{]-[m\ ^bep-Iƒ \¬Ip-∂n-s√∂pw AXn-\m¬ At\z-jWw Cg™p\oßp-∂psh-∂p-amWv at\m-ca sabv 24\v shfn-s∏-Sp-Øn-b-Xv. ^b-ep-Iƒ tcJmaqew Bh-iy-s∏-Sp-∂-Xn¬ hogvN h∂p-sh-∂mWv B`y-¥c {]n≥kn∏¬ sk{I-´dn \S-Ønb At\z-j-W-Øn¬ t_m[y-s∏-´-sX-∂pw at\mca Xs∂-bmWv ]d-bp-∂-Xv. At∏mƒ at\mca shfn-s∏Sp-Ønb "]eIpdn Bh- i y- s ∏- S ¬' GXv Xc- Ø n- e p- ≈ - X m- b n- c p- ∂ p--s h∂p IqSn hmb\°msc Adnbn°m\p≈ _m[yX Bcm-Wmthm \nd-th‰pI? hcZmNmcnbpsS XebpsS ÿncw ]cntim[I\mb at\mca teJI≥ Xs‚ `mh\mhnemkw sXm´p]nt‰∂v Cßs\ {]I-Sn-∏n-®p (2005 Pq¨ 4). "ImWm-Xmb ^b-en¬ [\-h-Ip-∏ns‚ FXn¿∏pw ]nWdm-bn-bpsS adp-]-Snbpw' F∂ Xe-s°-´n¬ GgptImfw hm¿Ø-bp-ambn At±lw cwK{]thiw sNbvXp. ImWm-Xmb ^b-epI-f-{Xbpw sN∂ptN¿∂Xv at\m-c-a Hm^okn-emsW∂Xn\p≈ sXfn-hp-Iƒ Chn-sSbpw Xocp-∂n-√. 2005 Pq¨ A©n\v {]kn-≤o-I-cn® "]Ww \¬In-bXv emhv-en≥ tcJ-bn¬ \n∂v' F∂ ss_sse≥ dnt∏m¿´v B kwibw _es∏SpØp∂p. {]k‡-`m-K-߃: ]f-fn-hm-k¬˛]∂n-bm¿˛sN¶pfw Pe-ssh-ZypXn \ne-b-ß-fpsS \ho-I-cWw kw_-‘n® {]-[m\ tcJ-Iƒ AS-ßp∂ ^b-epIƒ sshZypXn t_m¿Un¬\n∂pw sk{I-t´-dn-b-‰n¬ \n∂pw

68

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

A{]- X y- £ - a mb kml- N - c y- Ø n¬ Icm- d p- I m¿°v ]Ww \¬Im≥ Ah¿ X∂ tcJ-IsfØs∂ B{i-bn-t°≠nh∂p. Fkv- F≥ kn emhv-en\v tImSn-°-W-°n\v cq]-bmWv kwÿm\ k¿°m¿ C{]-Imcw \¬In-b-Xv. k¿°m-cn-s‚tbm t_m¿Uns‚tbm ssIhiw {][m\ tcJ-Iƒ Cs√∂v Adn-bm-am-bn-cp∂ It\-Un-b≥ Iº\n Xß-fpsS ^b-en¬ Nne tcJ-Iƒ XncpIn-°-b-‰p-hm≥ {ian-®p-sh∂ ]cmXn X¿°-Øn\v CS-bm-°n-bncp-∂p. sshZypXn t_m¿Unse Cu ^b¬ apºv ]Tn-®n-cp∂ Nne DtZym-K-ÿ-cmWv tcJ-Iƒ Xncp-In-°-b-‰n-bXv Is≠Øn FXn¿Ø-Xv. CS-]m-Snse {][m\ tcJ-Iƒ AS-ßp∂ ^b¬ CS-Xp-`-c-W-Im-eØpXs∂ t_m¿Un¬\n∂v A{]-Xy-£-am-bncp-∂p. AXn-ep-≈ an°-hmdpw tcJ-Iƒ AS-ßp∂ as‰mcp ^b¬ sk{I-t´-dn-b-‰nse Du¿P-h-Ip-∏n¬ kq£n-®n-cp-∂p. B ^b-en¬ \n∂v tcJ-Iƒ hos≠-Sp-°m≥ {ian-®t∏m-gmWv AXpw A{]-Xy-£-am-sb∂v hy‡-am-b-Xv. c≠p-^-bepw GXm≠v Htc ka-bØpXs∂-bmWv A{]-Xy-£-am-b-Xv. Ct∏mƒ CS-]mSv kw_-‘n® {][m\ tcJ-Iƒ Icm-dp-Im-cmb Fkv- F≥ kn emh-vens‚ ssIhiw am{X-ta-bp-≈q. Cu kml-N-cy-Øn-emWv Ah¿°v ]Ww \¬Im≥ Ah-cpsSXs∂ tcJ-Isf B{i-bnt°≠n h∂-Xv. "C≥sh-Ãn-tK-‰ohv tPW-enkw" F{X-tØmfw Xami krjvSn°p-sa∂Xn\v Cu dnt∏m¿´n-\-∏pdw ae-bm-f-Øn¬ thsd DZm-l-c-W߃ D≠m-Im≥ hgn-bn-√.

cwKw \mev ˛ Zpc¥ ]cy-h-km\w
^b¬ hnhmZw kw_-‘n®v B`y-¥c hIp∏v sk{I-´dn \¬Inb At\z-jWdnt∏m¿´v a{¥n-k` N¿® sNbvXp-sh∂ hm¿Ø {]kn≤o-I-cn-®Xv 2005 Pq¨ ]Øn-\m-Wv. "hnPn-e≥kv Ub-d-IvS-tdmSv hniZo-I-cWw tXSpw' F∂v Xe-s°-´v. ^b¬ hnhm-Z-sØ-°p-dn®v apJy-a{¥n DΩ≥Nm≠n {]Xn-I-cn-®Xv at\m-ca Cßs\ dnt∏m¿´v sNbvXp: emh-ven≥Icm¿ sImSp-ØXpkw_-‘n® ^b-ep-Iƒ e`n-°p∂-Xn-\mbn 2003 ¬ hnPn-e≥kn¬\n∂v t_m¿Un\v IØp \¬In-bn-cp-∂p. AXns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ ^b-ep-Iƒ \¬In. ]n∂oSv IqSp-X¬ ^b-ep-Iƒ tNmZn-°p-Itbm IsØ-gp-Xp-Itbm sNbvXn-´n-√. Unkw-_-dn¬ tIkv At\z-jn-°p∂ DtZym-K-ÿ≥ t_m¿Uv Bÿm-\Øv sN∂n-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ sNb¿am-s\tbm sk{I-´-dn-sbtbm D∂X DtZym-K-ÿ-sctbm ImWp-Itbm ^b¬ tNmZn-°p-Itbm sNbvXn-´n√.

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

69

hnPn-e≥kv ^b¬ tNmZn-®n´v sshZypXn t_m¿Uv sImSp-°p-∂n-s√∂ hnhm-Zw ASnÿm\clnXamsW∂v km£m¬ DΩ≥ Nm≠n Xs∂ Xpd∂p]d™p. AtXmsS at\mca teJI¿ Ijv S - s ∏´v sI´ns∏m°nb hnhmZØns‚ shSn CtXmsS Xo¿∂p. Cfn`y-cmb at\mca "^b¬ Is≠-Øm≥ \o°-an-√, hnPn-e≥kv Ub-d-IvS¿s°Xnsc am{Xw \S-]-Sn-'sb∂v hm¿ØsbgpXn (2005 Pq¨ 12) Acniw Xo¿Øp. ImWm-Xmb ^b¬ Is≠-Ømt\m t_m¿Un¬\n∂v AXv e`y-am-°mt\m \S-]-Sn-Iƒ kzoI-cn-°m-Ø-Xn-\m¬ hnPn-e≥kv At\zjWw kvXw`n-s®-∂mbncp∂p hn[nsbgpØv. A∂sØ sshZypXn a{¥n Bcym-S≥ apl-ΩZv Imcy߃ Ipsd°qSn hy‡am°n. "emh-ven≥ ]Ww hmKvZm\w sNbvX-Xn\v sXfnhp≠v : Bcym-S≥' F∂ Xe-s°-´n-se at\m-ca hm¿Ø (2005 Pq¨ 24) Cß-s\ ]dbp∂p: ae-_m¿ Im≥k¿ sk‚-dn\v ]Ww kam-l-cn®p \¬Im-sa∂v Fkv- F≥ kn emh-ven≥ hmKvZm\w sNbvX-Xn\v tcJ-bp--s≠∂v a{¥n Bcym-S≥ apl-ΩZv hy‡-am-°n. It\-Un-b≥ [\-Imcy ÿm]-\-ß-fmb knU, C Un- kn-, F∂n-hbpw Fkv- F≥ kn emh-vent\m-sSm∏w CXn¬ Dƒs∏-Sp-∂p-≠v. sN¶pfw, ]∂n-bm¿, ]≈n-hm-k¬ ]≤-Xn-Iƒ°v Icm¿ \¬Ip-∂-Xn\v ]I-c-am-bn´mWv Fkv- F≥ kn emhv-en≥ hmKvZm\w \¬In-b-Xv. ]Ww kam-lcn®p \¬Im-sa∂v hmKvZm\wsNøp∂ tbmK-Øns‚ an\nSvkns‚ tcJ-Ifm-Wp-≈Xv. CXv Xm≥ t\cn´v ]cn-tim-[n-®n-cp∂p. N¿®-Iƒ°mbn sshZypXn a{¥n-bm-bn-cp∂ ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ \S-Ønb hntZ-i-bm-{X-I-fp-sSbpw ^b¬ I≠n-cp-∂p. bm{Xbn¬ a{¥n ]s¶-SpØ N¿®-I-fp-sSbpw an\n-Svkp-≠v. CXv hnPne≥kn\v ssIam-dn-bn-cp-∂p. 20 ^b-ep-I-fmWv hnPn-e≥kv sshZypXn t_m¿Un-t\mSv Bh-iy-s∏-´n-cp-∂Xv. 4000 t]Pv hcp∂ 20 ^b-en-s‚bpw Ak¬ hnPn-e≥kn\v \¬In. tcJIƒ ssI∏-‰n-b-Xmbn Ah¿ H∏n´pX∂n-´p-≠v. C\nbpw GXv ^b¬ Bh-iy-s∏-´mepw \¬Ipw. hnPn-e≥kv hm¿jnI ktΩf-\-sØ-°p-dn®v ]d-bm≥ ]{X-k-tΩ-f\w hnfn® Ub-d-IvSsd ]{X-°m-cmWv Ipg-°n-b-Xv. "F¬ Un -F^v `c-W-Im-eØv ap°n-'sb∂v at\m-ca ]d™ "emhven≥ Icmdns\°pdn®p≈ kp{][m\ ^b¬' Xm≥ Is≠∂v sshZypXn a{¥n BcymS≥ aplΩZv Dd∏n®p ]d™p. AtXmsS at\mca ^mIvSdn D¬∏mZn∏n® Hcp \pWIqSn s]mfn™p. kp{][m\ ^b-ep-I-tf-sX-¶nepw \jvS-s∏s´t∂m \in-∏n-s®t∂m A°meØv sshZypXn hIp∏v `cn® tIm¨{Kkv a{¥n-am-cmcpw shfn-s∏-Sp-

70

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

Øn-bn-´n-√. hnPn-e≥kn-s‚tbm kn _n- sF bp-sStbm At\z-jW dnt∏m¿´n¬ ^b¬ \jvS-s∏-´-Xn-s\-°p-dn®v t\cnb ]cm-a¿iwt]mepan-√. F∂n-´pw ^bepIƒ ap°n-sb∂ IY at\m-ca F{Xtbm Znhkw BtLmjn®p. C{X-sbms° sNbvXp-Iq-´n-bn´pw aXn-h-cmØ at\m-ca, "am\yamb hgn'Isf°pdn®v ]nW-dmbn hnP-b-s\bpw kn ]n- sF -F-Ωn-s\bpw D]-tZ-in-°m-\pw aSn-®n-√. "Icn-]p-cfmØ hgn-Iƒ _m°n'sb∂ Xes°-´n¬ {]kn-≤o-I-cn® apJ-{]-kw-Kw, ae-bmf am[y-a-N-cn-{X-Ønse G‰hpw ]cn-lm-ky-amb Nmcn-{Xy-{]-kw-KamIp-∂Xv ImWp-I: `c-W-L-S-\m-]-c-amb ÿm]-\-ßsf sh√p-hn-fn-°m-sXbpw A[nt£-]n-°m-sXbpw tImS-Xn-Isf sh√p-hn-fn-°m-sXbpw \nb-abp-≤-Øn¬ s]mcpXn Pbn-°m-\p-≈ am\y-amb hgn kn ]nFΩn\p ap∂n¬ Ct∏m-gpw Xpd∂p InS-°p-I-bm-Wv (2009 Pq¨ 9).

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

71

8 ap≥ sshZyp-Xn- t_m¿Uv sNb¿ams‚ ac-Whpw ]∂n-bm¿ Zpc-¥hpw
kn ]n sF Fw ]Xnt\gmw ]m¿´n tIm¨{Kknt\mSv A\p_‘n®p≈ {_m©v ktΩf\߃ Bcw`n®Xv 2007 sk]v X w_dnemWv. kw{`aP\Iamb IYIƒhgn ]m¿´n ktΩf\ßfn¬ CSs]Sm\p≈ D]Pm]w ho≠pw kPohambn. hcZmNmcnbpsS Xe]cntim[\, ^b¬ tNm¿Ø¬ XpSßnb IYIƒ krjvSns®SpØ at\mca C°pdn Xe]pI®Xv ap≥ sshZypXnt_m¿Uv sNb¿am≥ hn cmP-tKm]mens‚ BI-kvanI acWsØ emhven≥ tIkpambn Fßs\ _‘s∏SpØmsa∂v Btem- N n- ® mWv . CjvSan√mØ Icm¿ c≠p h¿jw apºv H∏n´Xpaqeap≠mb am\knI kwL¿jamWv cmPtKm]m-ens‚ lrZbmLmXØnte°v \bn®Xv F∂v at\mca KthjI-∑m¿ At\zjW dnt∏m¿´v {]kn≤oIcn®p! Zo]Iv Ipam¿ 2010 ¬ sa\-™p-≠m-°nb sIme-]m-X-I-°-Ybv°v kam-\am-sbmcp Zpc-¥IY emhven-\p-ambn _‘-s∏´v GXm\pw h¿jw apºv am[y-a-ß-fn¬ {]Xy-£-s∏-´n-cp-∂psh∂Xv IuXp-I-I-c-amb hkvXp-X-bm-Wv. Zo]Iv Ipam-dns‚ IY-sb-°mƒ kw{`-a-P-\-Ihpw \mSIo-bhp-am-bn-cp∂p, sshZypXn t_m¿Uv sNb¿am≥ hn. cmP-tKm-]mens‚ BI-kvanI acWw emhv-en-\p-ambn _‘-s∏-´-Xm-bn-cp∂p F∂ shfns∏-Sp-ج. Hcp]t£, Cu A]-hmZ {]N-cWw s]mfn-™-Xm-Imw, Zo]Iv Ipam-dns‚ \pW-°Y Im‰p-]n-Sn-°msX t]mb-Xn\p Imc-Ww.
emhv-ens‚ kΩ¿Zwaqew Hcp lrZ-bm-LmXw
2007 sk]vXw_¿ 12\v at\m-c-a-bpsS Dƒt∏-Pn¬ emhven≥:t_m¿Uv ap≥sNb¿ams‚ acWhpw At\zjnt®°pw F∂ Xe-s°´nemWv B Kth-j-W-^ew {]kn-≤o-I-cn-®-Xv. ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥

72

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

sshZypXna{¥n-bm-bn-cn-°p-tºmƒ 1997 s^{_phcn 10\v emh-ven-\pambn A\p-_‘ Icm-dp-Iƒ H∏n-Sp∂ thf-bn¬ sI Fkv C _nbpsS sNb¿am\mbncp∂p hn cmPtKm]m¬. 1998 ¬ At±lw ]Zhn Hgn™p. 1999 am¿®n¬ sk{It´dnb‰nse Xs‚ apdnbn¬ Ipg™phoWp acn®p. Cu acWamWv 2007 sk]vXw_¿ 12\v hnhmZamIp∂Xv. hm¿ØbpsS {]k‡ `mK߃ Cßs\bmWv... emhen≥ CS]mSpambn _‘s∏´ ^bepIƒ ]cntim[n-°p∂Xn\nsSbmWv cmPtKm]mens‚ Ipdn∏pIfpw At±lw tcJs∏-Sp-Ønb A`n{]mbhpw At\zjW kwLØns‚ {i≤bn¬s∏´Xv. emhven≥ CS]mSns\°pdn®v k¿°mcnt‚-Xn¬ \n∂p `n∂amb A`n{]mbamWv At±lw ^ben¬ tcJ-s∏SpØnbncp∂Xt{X. AXn-\p hy‡amb ImcWßfpw Nq≠n°m-´nbncp∂p. sk{It´-dnb‰n¬ Ipg™p hoWmWv At±lw acn®Xv. acWØn\nSbm°nb {]tXyI kw`hhnIm-kw Dt≠msb∂v kn _n sF ]cntim[n-°p∂-Xmbn Adn-bp∂p. emh-ven\pambn A\p-_‘ Icm¿ H∏n´p c≠ph¿jw Ign-™mWv cmPtKm]mens‚ acWw F∂ hkvXpX hm¿Ø-bn-se-ßp-an-√. hmIy-ß-fpsS Ah-km\w LSn-∏n-®n-cn-°p∂ "At{X", "Adn-bp∂p' XpSßnb {]tbmK߃ hgn-bmWv hmb-\-°m-cs\ kkvs]≥-knte°p \bn-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. at\mcabpsS Hcp-tImfw hm¿Ø ]nt‰∂v amXr`qan BdptImfØn¬ s]cp-∏n-®p. Xes°´v "emhen≥ Icmdn\p kΩXn∏n°m≥ cmPtKm]men\p ta¬ kΩ¿Zw sNepØn' F∂m-bn-cp∂p. hm¿Øbn¬ \n∂v... emhven≥ Icm¿ {]iv\Øn¬ BZyw hgßmXncp∂ ap≥sshZypXn t_m¿Uv sNb¿am≥ hn cmPtKm]mens\ sacp°m\mbn Xangv\m´n¬ s\bvthen enKvss\‰v tIm¿]tdj≥ hI KÃv lukn¬ sIm≠pt]mbn N¿® \SØnbXmbn kn _n sF°p hnhcw e`n®p. cmPtKm]m¬ FXncmbncp∂psh¶nepw A°meØp sshZypXn t_m¿Un¬ D∂Xÿm\߃ hln®ncp∂ kn≤m¿Y tat\m\pw amXyp tdmbnbpw k¿°mcn\v A\pIqeamb \ne]mSmWv FSpØn-cp∂Xv. XpS¿∂v cm{„ob t\XrXzw aq∂pt]scbpw sIm≠v s\bvth-en°p t]mhpI-bmbncp∂p... s\bvthenbn¬ sh®v cmPtKm]m¬ cm{„ob t\XrXzØns‚ \ne]mSnt\mSv hgßnsb¶nepw Xncn®p h∂ At±lw kZmkabhpw Akzÿ\mbncp∂p.. C°mcWßfm¬ cmPtKm]mens‚ BIkvanI acWsØ°pdn®pw At\z-jn°W-sa∂ BtemN\bnemWv kn _n sF At\zjW kwLw.

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

73

emh-ven≥ Icm¿ {]iv\-Øn¬ cmP-tKm-]m¬ BZyw hg-ßn-bn-√, a‰p c≠p-t]¿ BZyta hg-ßn. XpS¿∂v cmjv{Sob t\XrXzw (?) aqhtcbpw tXmfn-te‰n s\bvth-en°p ]d-∂p. AhnsSh®v cmP-tKm-]m¬ hg-ßn. ]t£, Xncn®p h∂-tijw kZm-k-a-bhpw At±lw Akzÿ-\m-bn-cp-∂p. c≠p h¿j-tØmfw "Akz-ÿX' \o≠p. F∂n´v "BI-kvan-I-ambn' Ipg-™p-hoWp acn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. Cu akme tN¿ØmWv at\m-c-a-bpsS H‰-t°mfw amXr-`qan Bdp tImf-am°n s]men-∏n-®-Xv. ac-WØnse Zpcq-lX hmb-\-°m-cpsS ap∂n¬ Ah-X-cn-∏n®p Ign™ ÿnXn°v C\n th≠Xv At\z-j-Wam-Wv. Cu IY-bnse Ah-km-\-hm-NIw Xe-s°-´m°n "cmPtKm]mens‚ acWsØ°pdn®v At\zjn°Wsa∂ BtemN\bnemWv kn _n sF kwLw' F∂ FIvkv¢q-kohv amXr-`q-an-bn¬ {]Xy-£s∏´p (2007 sk]vXw_¿ 14). At\z-jn-°-W-sa∂v Btem-Nn-®-tX-bp≈q, sXm´p-]n-t‰∂p Xs∂ A\p-a-Xnbpw kn _n -sFbv°p In´n. "cmPtKm]mens‚ acWImcWhpw At\zjn°m≥ A\paXn'sb∂ Xe-s°-´n¬ sk]vXw-_¿ 15\p Xs∂ amXr-`q-an-bn¬ vhm¿Ø {]Xy£-s∏´p. t\m°n-t°, amXr-`q-an- teJ-Is‚ ssh`-hw! Hcp cm{Xn aXn At\z-jWw Dd-∏n-°m≥. aq∂mw-InS I®-hS kn\n-a-I-fpsS Xnc-°Y-Iƒ t]mepw CXn-ep-sams° F{Xtbm t`Zw!

]∂n-bm-dn¬ s]≥tÃm°v ss]∏p s]m´n-b-t∏mƒ
2007 sk]vXw-_¿ 18 \mWv ]∂n-bm-dn¬ s]≥tÃm°v ss]∏v s]m´n aq∂p-t]¿ acn-®-Xv. tIc-fsØ sR´n® Cu Zpc-¥sØ emhven≥ Icm-dp-ambn _‘n-∏n-°m-\p-≈ {iaw BZyw amXr-`q-an-bmWv \S-Øn-b-Xv. C°m-cy-Øn¬ at\m-c-a amXr-`q-ansb ]I¿Øn Ncn{Xw krjvSn-®p. "A{]-Xo-£n-X-amb Zpc-¥-Øn\p]n∂n¬ Zpcq-l-X-bp-≠mbn-cp-∂p-sh∂mWv kn _n sF kwi-bn-°p-∂Xv' F∂ hnNn-{X-amb hmN-I-tØm-sS-bmWv "]∂n-bm¿ ss]∏v s]m´¬ kn_nsF At\zjW kwL-saØpw' F∂ H‰-t°mfw hm¿Ø Ah-km-\n-°p-∂-Xv (2007 sk]vXw-_¿ 20). Zpc¥w {]Xo-£n-X-am-bn-cp-∂p-sh-¶n¬ Zpcql-X-bp-≠m-hp-am-bn-cp-∂n-s√-∂v hywKyw. Xßsf IS-Øn-sh-´nb amXr-`q-antbmSv ]nt‰∂v at\m-cabnse `mh-\m-im-en-Iƒ ]I-cw-ho-´n. "]∂n-bm¿ Zpc¥w A´n-adn' F∂v _lph¿W-Øn¬ tNmZy-Nn”w klnXw kn _n- sFbv°v kwibw _es∏-Sp-∂p-sh∂v F´p-tImfw hen-∏-Øn¬ at\m-ca sh®p-Im-®n (2007 sk]vXw-_¿ 22). \ho-I-c-W-Øns‚ `mK-ambn ÿm]n® sshZyp-Xnb-{¥-ß-fp-sSbpw a‰pw KpW-\n-e-hmcw ]cn-tim-[n-°m≥ kn _n sF Xbm-sd-Sp-Øp-sIm-≠n-cns° sXfnhv \in-∏n-°m-≥ Nne \nKq-V-i-‡n-

74

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

Iƒ \S-Ønb A´n-adn-bmWv ]∂n-bm¿Zpc¥w F∂m-bn-cp∂p hymJym-\w. hm¿Øm hn\ym-khpw Ah-X-c-Whpw Xe-s°-´ns‚ Unssk\pw h¿W-s∏m-en-abp-sams° AXn-ka¿Yambn Iq´n-bn-W°n ]∂n-bm¿ Zpc¥Øns‚ DØ-chm-ZnXzw at\m-ca ]nW-dmbn hnP-bs‚ Npa-en¬ sh®p. ]∂n-bm¿ \ne-b-Øns‚ \ho-I-c-W-Øn¬ s]≥tÃm°v Dƒs∏Sp-Øn-bn-cp-∂n√ F∂ efn-X-amb kXyw Hcp ]{Xhpw ]d-™n-√. Hcp-]-t£, CXv \ho-I-cn-®n√ F∂p≈-XmImw Zpc-¥-Øn\v Imc-Wam-b-Xv. F∂m¬ t\tc adn-®m-bn-cp∂p hymJym-\w. ]∂nbm¿ Zpc¥w kw_‘n® am[ya KqVmtemN\bpsS Bgw hy‡ambXv emhv e n≥tIknse apJyD]Pm]I≥ ss{Iw \µIpamdns‚ cwK{]thitØmsSbmWv. 2007 \hw_¿ 15 ˛ 30 e°w ss{Ians‚ Ih¿ tÃmdnIfnsem∂v Cu hnjbambncp∂p. "]∂nbm¿ Zpc¥w: ]nWdmbn°pw emhen\psaXnsc sIme°p‰Øn\v tIskSp°W'at{X! emhven≥ Icmd\pkcn®v \S∂ \hoIcW {]h¿Ø\ßfpsS A]cym]vXXaqeamWv s]≥tÃm°v s]m´n Zpc¥ap≠mbsX∂mbncp∂p hmcnIbpsS Is≠ج. D]tbmK-iq\yamb D]IcW߃ D]tbm-Kn®p F∂mWv A«oehmcnIbnse "sshZypXnhnZKv[≥' Ak-µnKv[ambn {]Jym]n®Xv. D]IcW߃ ]cntim[n°m≥ kn _n- sF kwLw FØp∂Xn\v sXm´papºmWv Zpc¥w D≠mbXv F∂ at\mcabpsS hymJym\w A∏Sn ]I¿ØnsbgpXm\pw "hnZKv[≥' ad∂n√. emhven≥ hnhmZw kw_‘n® apJy[mcm am[yaßfpsS hm¿Øm DdhnSw ss{Iw hmcnIbmbncp∂psh∂v sXfn™pht√m. F∂m¬ ]∂nbm¿ Zpc¥w \S∂t∏mƒ IY \n¿an°m\p≈ DØchmZnXzw apJy[mcmam[ya߃ Xs∂ Gs‰SpØp. ]∂nbmdnse A]ISw A´nadnbmsW∂pw ZpcqlamsW∂psams° at\mcabpw amXr`qanbpw hymJym\n®p. ]∂nbm¿Zpc¥w A´nadn- b msW∂v apJy[mcm am[ya߃ krjvSn® Btcm]Ww s]men∏n-°m\p≈ \ntbmKw CØhW ss{Iw Gs‰SpØp. s]mXpam[yaßfpw A«oehmcnIbpw GIa\tkmsS {]Ncn∏n® Cu Btcm]Whpw kn _n sF At\zjWw X≈n°-f™p. At\zjWw A´nadn°m≥th≠n Bkq{XnXambn kwL-Sn∏n®XmWv ]∂nbm¿ A]ISw F∂ \nco£Wtam kqN\-tbm kwibtamt]mepw kn _n sF At\zjW dnt∏m¿´n¬ C√. ]n Fkv ]n \hoIcWØns‚ `mKambn D]tbmKn®Xv Imelc-Ws∏´ D]IcWßfmWv F∂ Is≠Øepw kn _n sF At\z-jWw Ahtijn∏n°p∂n√. cmPtKm]mens‚ acWØn¬ ZpcqlX Ie¿Øm≥ am[ya߃ hn\ntbmKn® A[zm\hpw kn_nsF At\zjWw hrYmhnem°n.

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

75

9 hm¿Ø tNm¿Ø¬ XpS¿°Y: kn F- Pn, kn _n- sF, Kh¿W¿
emhv-en≥ tIknse Hmtcm hgn-Øn-cnhpw Hmtcm hn[n-Xo¿∏pw am[y-a-\n¿an-X-am-bn-cp∂p. hm¿ØIfn¬\n∂v kw{`-a-P-\-I-ß-fmb XpS¿°YIƒ ]nd∂p. AhbpsS ASnÿm\-Øn¬ tImSXnbn¬ tIkpIsfØn. B tIkp-Iƒ°v sXfnhpw am[ya hm¿ØIƒ Xs∂bmbn. tIkns‚ hnNm-c-W-th-f-bn-ep-S-\ofw hm¿ØIfpsS {]N-fiamb tImemleapb¿∂p. AXneqsS ]pXnb At\zjW-߃°v hgn Xpd∂p. Cßs\bmWv 2005 apX¬ emhven≥ hnhmZw i‡ambn s]mXpafieØn¬ \ne\n¿ØnbXv. ap≥ A[ym-b-ß-fn¬ \mw I≠-Xp-t]mse, Cu hm¿Ø-I-fn¬ ]eXpw shdpw I¬∏n-X-I-Y-I-fm-bn-cp-∂p. HutZym-Kn-I-tc-J-I-fn¬ \n∂v tNm¿∂p-In-´nb hm¿Ø-I-fm-bn AhXcn∏n®psIm≠mWv am[ya-߃ Ahbv°v hnizmkyX \¬InbXv. "hc-Zm-Nm-cn-bpsS Xe-]-cntim-[-\'-bpsS Imcy-Ønepw "apßnb ^b-ep-I-fpsS' Imcy-Ønepw Cu AShv \mw ]cn-N-b-s∏-´XmWv-. kn F- Pn-bpsS Ic-Sp-]-cn-tim[\m Ipdn-∏p-I-fpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ Fß-s\-bmWv emhv-en≥ hnhmZØn\p \Sp-hn¬ ]nW-dmbn hnP-bs\ {]Xn-jvTn-°p-∂-Xn¬ -D]- P m- ] - I ¿ hnP- b n- ® - s X∂pw hni- Z o- I - c n- ® p. Nne tI{µßƒ ka¿Yambn "πm‚p' sNbvX hm¿ØIfmWv emh-ven≥ hnhm-ZsØ kPo-h-ambn \ne-\n¿ØnbXv. AXphgn Ah¿ Kh¿W¿, tImSXn XpS-ßnb `cWLS\m ÿm]-\-ßsf kΩ¿±-Øn-em-gvØn.
kn _n sF dnt∏m¿´p tNm¿Ø¬
kn _n sF At\zjWw \S°ptºmƒØs∂ A¥na dnt∏m¿´ns\-°pdn®p≈ H‰s∏´ kqN\Iƒ am[ya߃ {]Ncn∏n®ncp∂p.

76

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

]nWdmbn hnPbs\Xnsc \¬Inb samgnI-sf√mw kn _n sF Xs∂ am[ya߃°v tNm¿Øns°mSpØp. Ahsb ASnÿm\am°n ]ecpw "Dinc≥' XpSc\pIƒ sa\™p. emhven≥tIkn¬ ]nWdmbn hnP-b≥ HºXmw {]XnbmIp-sa∂ hnhcw ap…nweoKns‚ apJ]{Xamb N{µnIbv ° mWv kn _n sF tNm¿Øn \¬In- b - X v (2008 Unkw_¿ 13). ]nWdmbn {]Xn°q´n-te-°v F∂ Hcp-hnhmZw XpSßnsh°m\p≈ BZy]Snbmbncp∂p Cu tNm¿Ø¬. N{µnIbv ° v ]n∂mse a‰p ]{Xßfpw kn _n sF dnt∏m¿´v ‘D≤cn®p≈’ kvIq∏p ]cºcIƒ {]Ncn∏n®p-sIm≠ncp∂p. kn _n sF dnt∏m¿´ns‚ ASnÿm\Øn¬ t{]mknIyqjs‚ km[yX]cn-tim-[n®p XpS-ßp-Ibpw am[ya߃ ]nt‰∂p apX¬ tIkns‚ hn[n ]d™p XpSßpIbpw sNbvXp. "]nWdmbnbptSXv {Inan\¬ KqVmtemN\' F∂ Dd® \nKa\w amXr-`qan {]kn-≤o-Icn-®p (2009 P\phcn 24). "Im≥k¿ sk‚¿: tImSnIƒ Ftßms´mgpIn?’ F∂ kw{`aP\Iamb tNmZyhpw amXr-`qan AtX Znhkw D∂-bn-®p. Cu tNmZy-Øns‚ DØcw ]d™tXm, amk߃°ptijw at\mcabpw! "knwK∏q¿ KqVm-temN-\bn¬ ]nWdmbn hnPb\pw ]¶v' F∂ at\m-ca hm¿Øbnse 12˛mw hmIyw Cßs\bmWv: "F∂m¬ DØ-tc-¥y-bnse _m¶n-te°v Cu XpI am‰n-b-Xmbn kqN\-bp-≠v' (2009 Pq¨ 10). h¿jßfn-{Xbpw ]n∂n-´n´pw Cu "DØ-tc¥y≥ _m¶n's‚ t]sc-s¥∂pt]mepw B¿°p-a-dn-bn-√. Ct∏mgm¿°pw Cu _m¶ns\°pdn®p an≠m\n√. A∂∂p ImWp∂Xns\ hmgvØp∂hcmWv ]gb amap\nam¿ F¶n¬ "A∂∂p tXm∂p∂ \pWIƒ' FgpXp∂hcmWv at\mcabnse ]gbXpw ]pXnbXpamb teJI¿. "emhv-en≥ {]Xn-I-fp-tSXv Pmay-an-√mØ Ip‰w' F∂p {]Jym]n® Znhkw Xs∂bmWv DØtc¥y≥ _m¶pIYbpw at\mca A®Sn®Xv. ]nWdmbn hnPb\v Pmaywt]mepw In´cpXv F∂m{Kln-®hcmWv Cu IY {]Ncn∏n®Xv F∂pthWw a\knem°m≥. 2009 s^{_phcn, am¿®v amkßfn¬ at\mcabpsS "emhven≥ hm¿--Øm^mIvSdn' {]tXyIw "FIvkv¢qkohv kn _n sF dnt∏m¿-´pIƒ' Xbmdm°n. 2009 s^{_phcn HºXnse HºXmw t]Pn¬ \mep tImfw hm¿Ø. "CSs]Sen\v sXfnhv C sabn¬ ktµiß-sf∂v kn _n sF' F∂v Xes°´v. eoUv Cßs\: emhv e n≥ Icmdpambn _‘s∏´v Iº\n A[n- I rXcpw sshZypXn t_m¿Upw ssIamdnb C sabn¬ ktµi-ßfn¬ ]eXpw ]nWdmbn hnPbs‚ CSs]Sen\p≈ sXfnhmsW∂v kn _n -sF hrØ߃ kqNn∏n®p. F∂pam{Xa√, Hcp ktµi-Øn¬ "Zv ªUn HmƒUv am≥' F-

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

77

s∂mcp {]tbmK- h pap- ≠ t{X! hm¿Ø- C sabn- e ns\°pdn®msW¶nepw AXns‚ D≈S°w F¥v F∂v IrXyambn at\mca ]dbp∂n√. C˛sabn¬ Ab® Bfns‚ t]cv, hnemkw, XobXn, AXv kzoIcn® DtZym-Kÿ≥ Bcv, Abmfpw ]nWdmbn hnPb-\pw XΩn¬ F¥mWv _‘w, ]nWdmbn hnPbs‚ CSs]-Sen\v sXfnhmbn C sabnenep≈ ]cma¿isa¥v F∂nßs\-bp≈ {]mY-anI hnhcß-sfm∂pw hm¿Ø-bnen√. ASnÿm\-hkvXp-XIƒ H∂pans√¶nepw ]nWdmbn hnPb-s\∂ t]cv hm¿Øbn¬ Dƒs∏Sp-Øm≥ ]{Xw ad∂n√.

"a{¥n-k-`-sb-Øs∂ sX‰n-≤-cn-∏n®p'
"a{¥nk`sb ]nWdmbn sX‰n≤cn∏n®p: kn _n sF' F∂ Xes°´n¬ at\mcabn¬ GgptImfw hm¿Øsbgp-Xn-sb-¶nepw (2009 s^{_phcn 10) Xs∂ ]nWdmbn hnPb≥ sX‰n≤cn∏n®psh∂v C sI \mb-\m¿ a{¥nk`bnse GXv a{¥nbmWv kn _n sFtbmSv ]d™sX∂ hnhcw hm¿Øbnen√. Aßs\ Hcp a{¥nbpw kn _n sFbv ° v samgn \¬Inbn´n√. am{Xa√, Icmdns\°pdn®pw ae_m¿ Im≥k¿ sk‚dns\°pdn®psams° X߃°v \√ [mcW D≠m-bncp-∂psh∂v A∂sØ apJya{¥n C sI \mb\mcpsSbpw a‰pa{¥n- a mcpsSbpw {]kv X mh\Ifpw {]kwKßfpw sXfnhp \¬Ip∂p. "Bip]{Xn°mbn \qdp tImSn In´psa∂v ]nWdmbn sX‰n≤cn∏n®p: kn _n sF' F∂ 2009 s^{_phcn 11 se hm¿Øbn¬ \n∂v: Im\-Ubn¬\n∂v \qdp tImSntbmfw cq] [\klmbw e`n°psa∂v A∂-sØ apJya{¥n C sI \mb\mscbpw Sn inhZmktat\m≥ Dƒs∏sSbp≈ kl{]h¿ØIcmb a{¥namscbpw ]nWdmbn hnP- b ≥ sX‰n≤cn∏n®Xn\v tcJIfps≠∂v kn _n sF. tIcfØnse kn ]n sF Fw t\Xm°fn¬ G‰hpw P\Iob\m-bncp∂ C sI \mb\msc kwibØns‚ ]pIadbn¬ sIm≠ph-∂m¬ F√m ]Wnbpw ]mfpsa∂v IYIƒ sa\™h¿°dnbmambncp∂p. AXn-\m¬, "]mhw \mb\msc ]nWdmbn sX‰n≤cn∏n®p' sh∂v {Sm°v am‰n. ]t£, C sI \mb\mcS°ap≈hsc ]nWdmbn hnPb≥ sX‰n-≤cn∏n®psh∂ s{XUns\ hnIkn∏n®v hº≥ Xes°´n\v Iognem-°nbt∏mƒ hm¿ØsbgpXnb `mh\mimen°v ]teSØpw ]ng®p. hmZ߃ ]ckv ] chncp≤ambn. DZmlcWambn Nne hmIy߃ t\m°pI:

78

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

sshZypXn \nebßfpsS \hoIcW `mKambn Im≥k¿ Bip]{Xn°v 100 tImSnbntesd cq] \¬Imsa∂v Im\U°m¿ kΩXn-®-Xmbn 97 sabv Bdn\v apJya{¥n C sI \mb\mcpsS A[y£-X-bn¬ tN¿∂ tbmKØns‚ Ipdn∏nep≠v. Im≥k¿ Bip]{Xn- ° v Im\Ubn¬\n∂v 100 tImSn e`n- ° psa∂v A∂sØ [\Imcy-a{¥n inhZmktat\m\v 97 G{]n¬ 23\v Ab® Ipdn∏n¬ ]nWdmbn hnPb≥ ]dbp∂p. apJya{¥n-bptSXmbn am¿]m∏bpw `Kh-ZvKoXbpw F∂ t]cn¬ ]ªnIv dnte- j ≥kv hIp∏v 97 BKÃn¬ {]kn≤oIcn® ]pkv X I- Ø ns‚ BapJ- Ø n¬ \mb\mcpw ]nW- d m- b nbpw hntZiØp t]mbXv sshZypXn taJebpsS hnIk\Øn\pw Xe- t »cnbn¬ 100 tImSn cq]bpsS Im≥k¿ Bip]{Xn ÿm]n°m-\p-amsW∂v D≠v. apJya{¥nsb ]nWdmbn sX‰n≤cn∏n®p-sh∂ hymJym\Øns‚ km[qIcWa√ Cu hmNIßsfm∂pw. am{Xhpa√, C sI \mb\m¿, Sn inhZmk tat\m≥ F∂nh¿°v ae_m¿ Im≥k¿ sk‚dns\°pdn®p≈ hnhc߃ Adnbmambncp∂p F∂Xns‚ AkµnKv[amb sXfnhp IqSnbmWv Ah. a{¥nk`sb ]nWdmbn sX‰n≤cn∏n®psh∂ Xes°´nse Btcm]Ww hm¿Øbn¬Øs∂ XI¿∂p-hogp∂p. XpS¿∂p≈ hmIy-ßfpw t\m°pI. Cu Icm¿ In´m≥ A∂sØ sshZypXn t_m¿Uv sNb¿am≥ tUm. hn cmPtKm]me\pw Iyqs_Iv k¿°mcn\pth≠n a{¥n Kbv sjbn‰pw H∏phbv°p∂ [mcWm]{XsØ°pdn®pw ]cma¿iw D≠v. emhven≥ ko\nb¿ sshkv {]knU‚ v t¢mkv ss{SU¬ Unkw_¿ 23\v ]nWdmbn°v Im≥k¿ Bip]{XnbpsS t{]mP-IvSv dnt∏m¿´v Ab®ncp∂p. CXn\v k¿°mcns‚ AwKo-Imcw thWsa∂m-bn-cp∂p Bhiyw. Bip]{Xn°v sNehm-Ip∂ 103 tImSnbn¬ 98.4 tImSn It\Unb≥ {Km‚msW∂v AXnep≠v. \qdptImSn cq] [\-klmbw e`n°psa∂v apJya{¥nsbbpw kla{¥namscbpw ]nW-dmbn sX‰n≤cn∏n®psh∂v A®Sn®psh® AtX hm¿Øbn¬ Xs∂-bmWv Bip]{XnbpsS t{]mPIvSv dnt∏m¿´ns\°pdn®pw sshZypXn t_m¿Uv sNb¿am\pw Im\U a{¥nbpw XΩnte¿s∏Sp∂ [mcWm-]{XsØ°pdn®pw It\Unb≥ {Km‚ns\°pdn®pw ]cmam¿i-ap-≈Xv. emhven≥ \¬Inb t{]mPIvSv dnt∏m¿´n¬ 98.4 tImSnbpsS It\Unb≥ {Km‚ns\°pdn®v ]cma¿iap-s≠∂ncns°, B ]Ww In´psa∂v ]nWdmbn hnPb≥ sX‰n≤cn-∏n®p F∂v

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

79

A®Sn®phbv°p-∂Xv ]{X-te-J-Is\ `cn-°p∂ ]nW-dm-bn-∏-IbpsS sXfn-hmWv. Bip]{XnbpsS [\klmbØn\pth≠n emhven\pw kwÿm\ k¿°mcpw XΩn¬ [mc-Wm]{Xw D≠mbncp∂psh∂pw C sI \mb\m¿, F sI B‚Wn a{¥nk`IfpsS ImeØv AXv ]eh´w ]pXp°n-bn´p-s≠∂pw B [mcWm]{XØns‚ ASnÿm\Øn¬ ae_m¿ Im≥-k¿ sk‚¿ ÿm]n°s∏´psh∂pw It\Unb≥ [\klm-bØm¬ Bip]{Xn-bn¬ \n¿an°s∏´ ªUv_m¶v D¬LmS\w sNbvXXv km£m¬ F sI B≥WnbmsW∂pap≈ hkvXpXIsf hm¿Ø-bn¬\n∂v ad®p sh®p.

]nW-dm-bns°-Xnsc IqSp-X¬ sXfn-hp-Iƒ!
"]nWdmbnbpsS ]¶p sXfnbn°m≥ Bdp tcJIƒ F∂p kn _n sF' F∂mbncp∂p at\mcabpsS as‰mcp shfn®s∏S¬ (2009 s^{_phcn 12). Fkv F≥ kn emhvens‚ t¢mkv {Sn≥U¬ Ab® IØpIfpw It\Unb≥ ssl°aojW¿ Ab® IØpIfpw ]nWdmbn hnP-b≥ apJya{¥n°v \¬Inb IØpw {Sn≥Uen\b® adp]Sn- b pamWv Cu tcJIƒ. A\p_‘°cmdntem Im≥k¿ Bip]{Xn- ° p≈ [mcWm]{XØntem H∏psh®n´ns√t∂m IØnS]mSpIƒ \SØn- b n´n- s √t∂m ]nWdmbn hnPbt\m a‰msc¶neptam CXphsc ]d™n-´n√mØ ÿnXn°v Cu tcJIƒ F¥v Fa≠≥ sXfnhm-sW∂v at\mcabv°v am{Xta Adnbq. "[\klmb hyhÿ Hgnhm°m≥ \n¿tZin®Xv ]nWdmbn hnPb≥: kn _n sF' F∂mWv ASpØ hm¿Ø (2009 s^{_phcn 13). D∂-Xßfn¬ \n∂p≈ \n¿tZisØ XpS¿∂mWv Xm≥ CXv (Pe-sshZypXn \nebßfpsS \hoIcW°cm¿ \¬InbXn\p≈ {]Xn^-eambn Fkv F≥ kn emhven≥ [\klmbw \¬IWsa∂ hyh-ÿ) Hgnhm°nbsX∂v emhen≥ tIknse ]Ømw {]Xnbpw Du¿P hIp∏nse dn´. tPmbn‚ v sk{I´dnbpamb F {^m≥knkv kn _n- sFbv°v samgn \¬InbXv. Cu hm¿ØbpsS Xes°-´pXs∂ Hcp Xcn-In-S-bm-Wv. {^m≥knkns‚ samgnbn¬ ]nWdmbn hnP-b≥ F∂ t]cv IrXyambn ]cma¿in°p∂psh¶n¬ am{Xta, Cßs\-sbmcp Xes°´n\v \ne\n¬∏p≈q. D∂Xßfn¬ \n∂p≈ \n¿- t Zisa∂ ]cma¿i- Ø nse D∂X≥ ]nWdmbn hnPb\msW∂v Duln°Wsa¶n¬ at\mca teJI¿ tPymXnj]finX¿ IqSnbm-IWw. IhSn \ncØ-ens‚ ]{X{]h¿-Ø\ km[yXIsf°pdn®v Kth-jWw \SØp∂-hscbpw at\mca-bpsS emhven≥ hm¿ØIƒ HcpImeØpw \ncmi-s∏SpØpIbn√.

80

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

hm¿Ø ]®°≈amIp∂Xv ]t£, AXpsIm≠√. {^m≥knkv Cßs\sbmcp samgn kn _n sF°v \¬Inbnt´bn√. {^m≥knkv Xt∂mSv Cßs\ ]d™Xmbn sk£≥ Hm^ok¿ kp[o¿ N{µ\mWv kn _n sF°v samgn \¬InbXv. ]t£, hm¿Øbn-sem-cnSØpw kp[o¿ N{µs‚ t]cv ]dbpt∂bn√. Hcp samgnsb ASnÿm\am°n FgpXnb hm¿Øbn¬\n∂v samgnbpsS DSabpsS t]cv kuIcy]q¿-hw sNØn°fbp∂ ]{X{]h¿Ø\ ssiensb hntijn-∏n-°m≥ am[y-a-hn-i-I-e\w ]pXnb ]Z-߃ tXtS-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. tImgnt°mSv ko‰ns‚ ImcyØn¬ CSXp]£ P\m[n]Xy-ap∂Wnbpambn hotc{µIpam¿ hn`mKw P\XmZfw sX‰n∏ncn™tXmsS, kn _n sF Is≠ØepIfpambn amXr`qan ho≠pw cwKØndßn. c≠p amkwapºv at\mca AhXcn∏n® hm¿ØIƒ Xncn®pw adn®pw ]I¿ØnbmWv kn _n sF dnt∏m¿´n¬\n∂p≈ ]pXnb Is≠ØepIƒ Ah¿ AhXcn∏n®Xv. kn _n sF dnt∏m¿´p ka¿∏n-°s∏´ P\p-hcnbnepw XpS¿∂pw Ae-°nb hm¿Ø-Iƒ Xs∂ amXr`qan ho≠pw Bh¿Øn-®p. kn _n sFbv°v km£nIƒ \¬Inb samgnbpsS ]I¿∏pIƒ am[ya߃ XpS¿®bmbn {]kn≤oIcn®p. kn _n sF kq£n°p∂ clkytcJIƒ am[ya߃°v tNm¿Øn\¬InbXv Bsc∂ tNmZywXs∂ A{]-k-‡w. ]t£, AsX-¥n-\m-bn-cp∂p? kn ]n sF FΩn s\Xncmb cm-jv{Sobt{]cnX Iymºbn\n¬ kn _n sF t\cn´v CSs]´Xv \oXn-\ymbNcn{XØnse Ccp≠ A[ymbambnØs∂ hnebncpØ-s∏Spw. F¥n\mWv Nne DtZymKÿcpsS am{Xw samgnIƒ at\mcabpw amXr`qanbpw H∂mw t]Pn¬ BtLmjn®Xv? Nne samgnIƒ F¥n\v AhKWn®p? Cu tNmZyßfpsS DØchpw am[yaßfpsS ap≥hn[n F{X i‡ambncp∂psh∂v sXfnbn°p∂p. Hmtcm ]pXnb kwcw`sØ-°p-dn®pap≈ Btem-N-\-Iƒ \S-°ptºmƒ `cWXeØnse hnhn[ hIp∏pIƒ ]eXcw hntbmPn-∏pIƒ {]ISn∏n°mdp≠v. XnI®pw km[m-c-W-amb Hcp kw`-h-am-W-Xv. X¿°ßƒ Dbcptºmƒ IqSnbmtem-N\-bn-eqsS kwi-b\nhmcWw \SØnbmWv GXv ]≤Xnbpw apt∂m´p sIm≠p-t]mhpI. emhven≥ Icm¿ kw_‘n®pw AØcw X¿°ßƒ hnhn[ hIp-∏pIƒ XΩn¬ \S∂n´p≠mIpw. Bi¶Ifpw A`n{]mbhyXym-kßfpw ]ecpw {]ISn∏n®n´pap-≠mIpw. F∂m¬ Bi¶Iƒ {]ISn-∏n®h¿ ]pWyhmf∑mcpw ]≤Xn apt∂m´p sIm≠pt]mbh¿ alm A]cm[nIfpamsW∂ a´nep≈ hnebncpØepIƒ am[ya߃ {]Ncn∏n°p∂-Xns‚ e£yw thsd-bm-Wv. hy‡-amb cmjv{Sobe£yw AXn-\p-≠v. GI]£obamb s]mXpkΩXn e£y- a n- ´ mWv Icmdnt\mSv

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

81

hntbmPn∏p≈ DtZymKÿcpsS A`n{]mbw am{Xw {]kn≤oIcn®Xv. Hcp`mKØns‚ am{Xw samgnIƒtI-´v HcptImSXn°pw Hcn-°epw Xocpam\ØnseØm\mhn√, Xocp-am-\-sa-Sp-°m-dp-an√. Ccp`mKØp \n∂pw tiJcn°p∂ samgnIƒ \njvIrjvSamb \nba]cntim-[-\bv°p hnt[bam°n am{Xta A¥na Xocpam\Ønse-Øq. samgnIƒ kXyamtWm F∂ ]cntim[\bmWv AXnte‰hpw {][m\w. At\zjW dnt∏m¿´phgn tImSXn°p ap∂nseØp∂ samgnbpw ]{Xdnt∏m¿´phgn s]mXpafieØn¬ {]thin°p∂ samgn-bpw \n¿hln°p∂Xv c≠p [¿aamWv. h¿W`wKnbp≈ Xes°t´msS ]{Xÿe-Øns‚ knwl`mKhpw Ih¿∂v, hn[nXo¿∏ns‚ kz`mhap≈ am[y-aho£WØns‚ AIºSntbmsS H∂mwt]Pn¬ {]Xy£s∏Sp∂ samgn Hcp adp]cntim[\bpw IqSmsX s]mXpkΩXnbpsS `mKambn amdpw. adp-hm-Z-sa-s¥∂v ]cn-tim-[n-°p-Itb sNømsX Hcp hmZw kzoI-cn-°-s∏-Spw. Cu s]mXp-k-ΩXn tImS-XnsbØs∂ kΩ¿Z-Ønem°m\pw km[y-X-bp-≠v. \oXn-\n¿h-lW-ÿm-]-\-ßsf kΩ¿Z- Ø n- e mgvØn cmjv{So- b - e £yw t\Sn- s b- S p- ° m- \ p- ≈ kwLSnXamb am[ya{iaw P\m-[n]Xy-kw-hn[m\Øn\v amc-I-amb ]cn-t°¬∏n-°pw. BXy¥nIambn temIvk`m Xncs™-Sp∏ns‚ P\hn[n e£yan´mbncp∂p, acymZbpsSbpw kZmNmc-Øns‚bpw kIeko-abpw ewLn® am[yakmlkw.

sIm´n°emiw tImSXnsb Icphm°n
Xnc-s™-Sp∏v e£y-an´v \S∂ am[ya{]Nm-c-th-e-bpsS X\n-\ndw 2009 G{]n¬ 14-\v shfns∏´p. Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw AUo-j-W¬ No^v PpUo-jy¬ aPn-kvt{S´v tImS-Xn-bn¬ ka¿∏n-°-s∏´ Hcp s]mXpXm¬∏cyl¿PnbpsS ad-hn-emWv thms´-Sp-∏ns‚ {]Nm-cW{]h¿-Ø\-ß-fpsS Ah-km\ Znhkw at\m-c-abpw amXr-`q-anbpw Ggp tImfw hen-∏-Øn¬ hm¿Ø \¬In bp Un- F-^ns\ klm-bn-®-Xv. In´p∂ ]cm-Xn-Iƒ At\z-j-W-Øn\pth≠n s]meo-kn\v ssIam-dpI F∂Xv aPn-kvt{S´v tImS-Xn-bnse km[m-cW \S-]-Sn-{I-a-am-Wv. l¿Pn-bnse Btcm-]-W-ß-fpsS hkvXpX ]cn-tim-[n®√ ChnsS Xocp-am-\-sa-Sp°p-∂-Xv. l¿Pn \¬In-b-Xpw, DØ-chv kw_-‘n® hm¿Ø G{]n¬ 14\v {]Xy-£-s∏-Spw-hn[w lnb-dnMv Nn´-s∏-Sp-Øn-bXpw {]tXyI e£ytØm-sS-bm-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂v at\m-c-a-bp-sSbpw amXr-`q-an-bp-sSbpw Xes°-´pIƒ km£y-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p. "emh-ven≥ tIkn¬ KqVm-tem-N-\, sXfnhp \in-∏n-°¬ Btcm-]-W-߃ ˛ ]nW-dm-bn°pw tImSn-tb-cn°p-sa-Xnsc tIsk-Sp-°m≥ tImSXn DØ-chv' F∂v at\m-c-a-bpsS Ggp-tImfw Xe-s°-´v.

82

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

Xe-s°-´n¬\n∂v tImSn-tb-cnsb Hgn-hm-°m-\p-≈ "kua-\-kyw' amXr-`qan {]I-Sn-∏n-®p. "emh-ven≥ : ]nW-dm-bn-s°-Xnsc tIsk-Sp-°m≥ DØ-chv' F∂ Xe-s°-´n\pXmsg "Ggp tcJ-Iƒ a{¥n-k-`-bn¬ \n∂v ad®p sh®-Xn\pw ^b-ep-Iƒ ]qgvØn-b-Xn-\p-amWv tIkv, tImSn-tbcnbpw {]Xn, hn Fkv H∂mw km£n' F∂n-ßs\ H‰-t\m-´-Øn¬ hnh-c-߃ Adn-bm≥ ]mI-Øn\v Ae-¶m-c-∏-Wnbpw ]{Xw sNbvXn´p-≠v. Xnc-s™-Sp-∏ns‚ sIm´n-°-emiw Ac-tß-dp∂ AtX-Zn-hkw ]nW-dmbn hnP-bs‚ Npa-en¬ D]-Pm-]-I¿ as‰mcp tIkpIqSn {]XnjvTn-®p. tImS-Xn-bpsS ssZ\w-Zn\ \S-]-Sn-{I-a-߃t]mepw ]nW-dmbn hnP-b-s\-Xnsc hº≥ Xe-s°-´n-\p-≈ hm¿Ø-bm°n am‰p∂ am[ya {]h¿Ø\ssien, emh-ven≥tIkns‚ \mƒh-gn-bn-ep-S-\ofw ImWmw.

Kh¿Wsd kΩ¿ZØnem°nb am[ya߃
t{]mknIyqj≥ A\paXn kw_‘n®v Kh¿WdpsS \S]SnIfpw am[ya ˛ cmjv{Sob kzm[o\ßfn¬\n∂v hnap‡ambncp∂n√. am[ya-ßfpw bp Un F^pw \n›bn® AP≠ Kh¿Wdpw ]n¥pS¿-∂p. hm¿-Øm{]fbw krjvSn®v \bcq]oIcWtI{µßsf kzm[o\n-°p∂ am[yaX{¥w Xs∂bmWv ChnsSbpw ]b‰nbXv. kn _n sF dnt∏m-¿-´ns‚ ImcyØnse∂t]mse Kh¿WdpsS \S]SnIfpw Hcp {Xn√¿ IYbpsS cwKßfmbn am[ya߃ AhXcn∏n®p. kn _n sF dnt∏m¿´ns‚ tNm¿®bpw samgn-I-fpsS BtLmjhpw ]nW-dmbn hnP-b-s\-Xnsc GI-]-£o-b-amb hn[n-sb-gp-ØpIfpw Kh¿W¿°p- t a- e p- ≈ kΩ¿ZwIqSn e£y- a n- ´ m- b n- c p- ∂ p. t{]mknIyqj\p≈ A\paXn \¬Ip-I-b-√msX a‰p am¿K-an√ F∂ Ah- ÿ - b n- t e°v Kh¿Wsd am[y- a - ß ƒ FØn- ® p. emhv e n≥ tIkn¬ t{]mknIyqj≥ A\paXn tXSn kn _n sF Kh¿W¿°pw No^v sk{I´dn°pw IØp \¬InbXv 2009 P\phcn 22 \mWv. CXn\p aptº XpSßnb t{]mknIyq´v sNøp∂Xn\v a{¥nk`bpsS A\paXn th≠ F∂ hmZhpambn s]mXpXm¬∏cyl¿Pnbpw sslt°mSXnbnseØn. F∂m¬ Cu hmZw X≈n°f™ sslt°mSXn t{]mknIyqj≥ A\paXn kw_‘n®v Xocpam\saSp°m≥ k¿°mcn\v aq∂p amk-sØ kabw s^{_phcn 12\v A\phZn®p. Xncs™Sp∏v L´Øn¬ F√m Znhkhpw emhven≥ kw_‘n® hm¿ØIƒ am[yaßfnep≠mtI≠Xv bp Un F^ns‚bpw tIm¨{Kkns‚bpw cmjv{Sob Bhiyambncp∂p. AXn\pth≠n Ah¿ t{]mknIyqj≥ Bhiyap∂bn®v Kh¿Wsdbpw apJya{¥n-sb-bpsams° kwLwtN¿∂v kµ¿in®v hm¿Øbp≠m°n. {]iv\Ønt∑¬ Xocpam\saSp°m≥ 2009 sabv 11 hsc sslt°mSXn kwÿm\

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

83

k¿°mcn\v kabw \¬Inb kmlNcyØn¬, Xocpam\w B kab]cn[n°v apt∂bp≠mIWsa∂ GXv \n¿_‘hpw kΩ¿-Zhpw cmjv{Sob AShpIƒ am{X-am-Wv. Kh¿WdmIs´, bp Un F^ns‚ \nthZ\w apJya{¥n°v ssIamdpI am{Xa√ A\paXn kw_‘n®v DS≥ Xocpam\-saSp-°Wsa∂v kz¥w \nebn¬ Bhiys∏SpIbpw sNbvXp. sslt°mSXn k¿°mcn\v \¬Inb kab]cn[n Ahkm\n°m≥ HcpamkØn-tesdbp≈-t∏mƒ P\m[n]Xyhncp≤amb Bh-iy-amWv Kh¿W¿ a{¥nk`tbmSv D∂-bn-®-Xv. AXns‚ \ymbm\ymb߃ ]t£, Fßpw N¿® sNø-s∏-´n-√. ""t{]mknIyqj≥ A\paXn \S]SnIƒ A\¥ambn \ofpIbmbncp∂p'' F∂mWv DΩ≥Nm≠nbpsS t\XrXzØnep≈ bp Un F^v kwLw Kh¿-Wsd kµ¿in®Xns\-°p-dn-®p≈ amXr-`qan-bpsS \nco-£-Ww. ""tIkv kw_‘n® IqSpX¬ tcJIƒ Ign™ Znhkw AUzt°‰v P\d¬ Bhiy-s∏´-tXmsS \nbtam-]tZiw C\nbpw sshIpsa∂v Dd∏mbn'' F∂pw ]{Xw Fgp-Xn-]n-Sn-∏n-®p.. t{]mkn-Iyq-j≥ kw_-‘n®v Xocp-am-\-sa-Sp-°m≥ tIcf sslt°m-SXn Xs∂-bmWv k¿°mcn\v aq∂p amksØ kabw \¬InbXv. F∂n´pw t{]mknIyqj≥ \S]SnIƒ "A\¥ambn \ofp-Ibmbncp∂p' F∂v H∂mwt]Pn¬ hymJym\n®v amXr`qan hf-s®m-Sn®Xv Ah¿ {]hNn®Xpt]mse F PnbpsS \nbtam]tZiw sshInbns√∂v am{Xa√, \n›nX kab-]cn[n°p≈n¬ a{¥nk`-bpsS Xocpam\w D≠mhpIbpw sNbvXp. Ah ]t£, am[ya߃ B{Kln® {]Imcambncp∂ns√∂v am{Xw. am[yakΩ¿Zw sNepØn F Pn sb IogS°msa∂ bp Un F^n s‚ B{Klw ^en®n√. cmjv{Sobemt°msS Xbmdm°nb kn _n sFbpsS Ip‰]{XØn¬ XpfIƒ Gsdbps≠∂v F Pn Xpd∂p ]d™p.

No‰nt∏mb t^m¨tNm¿Ø¬ hnhmZw
""AUzt°‰v P\depw Nne _mlyi‡nIfpw XΩn¬ emhven≥ tIkns\°pdn®v \SØnb sSent^m¨ kw`mjWw kn _n sF tNm¿ØnbXmbn Adnbp∂p'' Fs∂mcp t_mw_pw amXr- ` qan s]m´n®p (2009 Pq¨ 2) AUzt°‰v P\dent\mSv sSent^mWn¬ kwkmcn® "_mlyI£nIƒ' GsX∂v ]nt‰∂v amXr`qan Xs∂ shfns∏SpØn. "emhven≥: \nbahnZKv[cpambn Kh¿W¿ IqSnbmtemN\ XpSßn' (amXr`qan, Pq¨ 3) F∂ \meptImfw Xes°´v hm¿Øbnse shfn-s∏-Spج Cß-s\-bm-bn-cp∂p: AtXmsSm∏w AUzt°‰v P\depw am¿IvknÃv]m¿´nbnse

84

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

D∂X t\Xm°fpw XΩn¬ \SØnb sSet^m¨ kw`mjW-߃ kn _n sF tNm¿ØnbXpw Kh¿W¿ ]cn- t im- [ n®p XpSßn. Ccp]tXmfw sSet^m¨ kw`mjWßfmWv kn _n sF tNm¿ØnbXv. AXn¬ IqSpX¬ tImfpIfpw AUz-t°‰v P\dens\ Atßm´p hnfn°p∂Xmbncp∂p. apJya{¥n hn Fkv ANypXm\µ≥ AUzt°‰v P\dent\mSv \nbtam-]tZiw tXSnbXn\v ]nt‰Znhkw apX¬ XpSßnb t^m¨ hnfnIfn¬ AUzt°‰v P\d¬ Xnc°n´v adp]Sn \¬InbXns‚ XteZnhksØ kw`mjWhpw Dƒs∏Sp∂p. a{¥nk`bn¬ t{]mknIyqj≥ A\paXn \¬IWtam F∂ Imcyw N¿®bv°v h∂ Znhkhpw AXn\ptijhpw sSe-t^m¨ kw`mjWw D≠mbncp∂p. sSet^m¨ kw`mj-Wß-fn-se√mwXs∂ AUzt°‰v P\dens‚ \nbtam]tZiw Fßs\bm-hpsa∂ kqN\ D≠mbncp∂Xmbpw kn _n sF Nq≠n°m-Wn-®n´p≠v. AtXZnhkw at\mcabnepw CXv apJyhm¿Øbmbn. F∂m¬ t^m¨ tNm¿Øntbm F∂mcm™psIm≠v kn _n sF °v F Pn t\m´okv Ab®tXmsS ]{X-߃ ]n≥h-en-™p. t^m¨ tNm¿Ø¬ \ntj[n®psIm≠v kn _n sF \¬Inb ]{X°pdn∏v Cu ]{X߃ ap°n. Xß-fpsS {]Xo-£bv°p hn]-co-X-amb \nb-tam-]-tZiw \¬Inb F Pn- s°-Xnsc ]{X-߃ Cf-In-bm-Sn. "F Pn AXncpIS°p∂p' F∂v amXr`qanbn¬ AUzt°‰v cmwIpam¿ {]Jym]n®p. "\nbtam]tZiØns‚ km[pXbv°pta¬ kwi-bØns‚ \ng¬' F∂v at\mcabpsS \nbaImcyteJI\pw FUn‰v t]Pn¬ Xs∂ hn[nsb-gpXn (2009 sabv 8). F∂m¬ a{¥nk`bpsS Xocpam\w AwKoIcn-°pIb√msX Kh¿W¿°v a‰p am¿Kan√ F∂ PÃnkv hn B¿ IrjvWøcpsS Zn lnµp teJ\w Cu hmZ߃t°‰ i‡amb Xncn®-Snbmbn. Kh¿W¿°v F Pn bpsS A`n{]mb-sØ-°pdn®v IqSpX¬ hniZoIcWw thWsa¶n¬ F Pn tbmSv Xs∂tbm As√¶n¬ At‰m¿Wn P\dent\mtSm BWv hniZoIcWw tXtS-≠Xv. A√msX kzImcy \nbtam]tZiItcmS√. F√m‰nepap]cn Kh¿-WdpsS Hm^okns‚ Hmtcm \S]SnIfpw ]{Xhm¿ØIfmbn. Ch Dulmt]m-lßsf∂p]d™v X≈n°fbmw. F∂m¬ t{]mkn- I yqj\v A\paXn \¬Ins°m≠p≈ Xocpam\Øns‚ ]q¿- W cq]w a{¥nk`bv ° pt]mepw e`yamIp∂Xn\v apt∂ am[ya-߃°v e`y-ambXv A\uNnXyw am{Xa√ N´ewL\hpwIqSnbmWv. N´{]Imcw DØc-hnd°m≥ Kh¿WdpsS Hm^okn\v A[nImcan√. Kh-s◊‚ v sk{It´dnb‰n\mWv CXn\p≈ AhImiw. am[ya {]Nm-cWØns‚ sImSp¶m‰n¬ N´ßfpw Iogvhg°ßfpw IS]pg-IpIbm-bncp∂p.

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

85

10 Icm-dns‚ DØ-chm-ZnXzw B¿°v? emhv-en≥ Icm-dns‚ DØ-c-hm-Zn ]nW-dmbn hnP-b-≥ am{X-amsW∂p hcp-Øn-Øo¿°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p hnhm-Z-ß-fp-sSbpw At\z-jW-ß-fp-sS-bp-sa√mw e£yw. sS≥U¿ hnfn-°msX ]≤-Xn Icm¿ sImSp-°p∂ Fw H bp dq´v Bcw-`n-®Xv kn hn ]fl-cm-Ps‚ ImeØm- b n- c p- ∂ p. ]n Fkv ]n ]≤- X n- I ƒ°v [mc- W m- ] - { Xhpw I¨kƒ´‚ v Icmdpw H∏p-sh-®t∏mƒ a{¥n-bm-bn-cp-∂Xv Pn Im¿ØntI-b≥. kssπ Icmdpw ae_m¿ Im≥k¿ sk‚-dns‚ [mc-Wm-]{Xhpw H∏p-sh-®Xv ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ a{¥n-bm-bn-cp-∂-t∏m-gm-Wv. \n¿h-lWw ]q¿Øn-bm-°n-bXv Fkv i¿Ω-bp-sSbpw IS-hq¿ inh-Zmk-s‚bpw Ime-Øm-bn-cp-∂p. IS-hq¿ inh-Zm-ks‚ Ime-ØmWv ae_m¿ Im≥k¿ sk‚-dns‚ [mc-Wm-]{Xw Akm-[p-hm-b-Xv. BcymS≥ apl-Ω-Zns‚ Ime-ØmWv ]W-an-S-]m-Sp-I-sf√mw Ah-km-\n-®-Xv. C{Xbpw a{¥n-am¿ _‘-s∏´ Hcp Icm-dns‚ apgp-h≥ DØ-c-hm-ZnXzhpw ]nW-dmbn hnP-bs‚ta¬ am{Xw Fßs\ sI´n-tb¬∏n-°m\m-hpw? CXn\v apJy-ambpw c≠p coXn-I-fmWv Ah-ew-_n-®-Xv. H∂m-atØ-Xv, C _mem-\-µ≥ IΩn-‰n-bpsS FXn¿∏p adn-I-S-∂mWv kssπ Icm-dnte¿s∏-´Xv F∂ {]N-c-W-am-Wv. C _mem-\-µ≥ IΩn‰n dnt∏m¿´p kw_-‘n® hnhm-Z-߃ ASpØ A[ym-b-Øn¬ ]cn-tim[n-°p-∂p≠v. c≠m-a-tØ-Xv, Pn. Im¿Øn-tI-bs‚ ImeØp \S∂ Icm-dp-Isf \n m-c-h-¬°-cn-°p-Ibpw N¿®-I-sfbpw \S-]-Sn-I-sfbpw Ah-K-Wn-°p-Ibpw sNbvX-Xm-Wv. CXn-\m-hn-jvI-cn® X{¥-amWv Im¿Øn-tI-bs‚ Ime-tØXv "sNdnb I¨kƒ´≥kn Icm¿' F∂ {]tbmKw.

86

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

sNdn-sbmcp I¨kƒ´≥kn Icmtdm?
bp Un- F^v k¿°m¿ {]Jym-]n® hnPn-e≥kv At\z-jW hm¿Øbv°v at\m-ca \¬Inb Xe-s°´v "]nW-dm-bn-bpsS ImesØ hntZi Icm¿ hnPn-e≥kv At\z-jn-°pw' F∂mbn-cp∂p (2003 am¿®v 7). CXnse apJy- h mZw CXm- b n- c p∂p: emhv e n\pambn 1996 s^{_phcnbn¬ sNdnsbmcp I¨kƒ-´≥-kn Icm¿ H∏psh®ncp∂p; ]nWdmbn hnPbs‚ ImeØv H∏p-sh®Xvv ]pXnb IcmdmWv; sS≥Udn√msX Icm¿ \¬In-b-XmWv {Ia-t°-Sv. "sNdn-sbmcp I¨kƒ´≥kn Icm¿', "]pXnsbmcp Icm¿' F∂o c≠p ka¿Yamb {]tbmKßfnemWv "]nWdmbnbpsS Ime-sØ hntZi Icm¿' F∂ Xes°´ns\ at\mca km[qI-cn°m≥ {ian°p∂Xv. F∂m¬ hmkvXhtam! F sI B‚Wn a{¥nk`bpsS ImeØv sshZypXn a{¥nbmbncp∂ Pn Im¿ØntIb≥ Hu]NmcnIambn ASnÿm\ Icm-¿ Dd-∏n®ncp∂p F∂ hkvXp-X-bmWv at\m-ca "sNdnsbmcp I¨kƒ- ´ ≥kn Icm¿' F∂ AekhntijWwsIm≠v ad®p sh®Xv . ASn- ÿ m\ Icmdns‚ XpS¿®- b mb A\p_‘ Icmdns\ "]pXnb Icmdmbn' at\mca AhXcn∏n®p. F∂m¬ "sNdnsbmcp I¨kƒ-´≥-kn Icm¿' H∏psh®Xv Bsc∂pw GXv a{¥n-k`-bpsS Ime-sØ∂pw at\mca an≠n-bn√. 1996 ¬ F sI B‚Wn a{¥n- k `bpsS ImeØv H∏n´ Icmdns\ "t_m¿Uv H∏psh® Icmsd'∂v hntijn∏n°ptºmƒ, adphiØv , C sI \mb\m¿ a{¥nk`bpsS ImeØv sI Fkv C _n H∏n´ B Icmdns‚ A\p_‘sØ "]nW-dmbnbpsS ImesØ Icm¿' F∂mWv ]{Xw hymJym\n°p∂Xv. Cu Icm-dns\ "I¨kƒ-´≥kn Icm¿' F∂p hnfn-°p-∂XpXs∂ Zpcp-t±-iy--tØm-sS-bm-Wv. Pn Im¿Øn-tI-bs‚ ImeØv H∏p-sh® Icm-dns‚ t]cv "Contract for consultant's services between KSEB and SNC Lavalin Inc.' F∂mWv. Zo¿L-amb Cu t]cn\v "I¨k¬´≥kn Icm¿' sX‰mb ]cn-`mj \¬In- {]Ncn-∏n-®Xn\v hy‡-amb e£y-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. "I¨kƒ´≥kn Icm- ¿ ' F∂ {]tbmKw D¬∏mZn∏n°p∂ A¿Yw hnZ-Kv[-\n¬\n∂v D]-tZiw am{Xw e`n-°p∂p F∂p am{XamWv. F∂m¬ ChnsS AX√; I¨kƒ´‚ v sNtø-≠p∂ \m\mhn[ tkh-\-߃, AXm-bXv t{]mPvIvSv Bhn-jvI-cWw, Unssk\nMv, b{¥-km-a-{Kn-Iƒ hm߬, Ah-bpsS ÿm]-\w, Iao-j≥ sNø¬ Cß-s\ Hmtcm L´-Ønepw \¬tI-≠ tkh-\-ß-sf-°p-dn®v hni-Z-ambn Icm-dn¬ {]Xn-]m-Zn-°p-∂p-≠v. I¨kƒ´‚ v Iº\n hmßn e`y-am-t°-≠p∂ b{¥ D]-I-c-W-ß-ƒ Hmtcm-∂n-s‚bpw kvs]kn^n-t°-j\pw hneIfpw Icm-dn¬ D≠v "D]-tZ-iIcpsS tkh-\߃°m- -

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

87

bp≈ Icm¿' F∂¿Yw. CXns\ D]-tZ-i Icm¿ (consultancy contract) F∂p hnfn-°m≥ XpS-ßn-bXv D]-Pm-]-I-cmWv. shdpw D]-tZ-iØn\p th≠n-bmWv 24 tImSn-tbmfw cq] bp Un- F^v k¿-°m-cns‚ ImeØv Fkv -F≥ kn emh-en\v {]Xn-^ew sImSp-°m≥ Xocp-am-\n®Xv F∂v tIcfw hniz- k n- ° Wat{X! F¥m- b mepw at\m- c a Nm¿Øns°mSpØ "sNdnsbmcp I¨kƒ´≥kn Icm¿' F∂ {]tbmKw D]Pm]I¿ \nd™ a\tkmsS Gs‰SpØp. emhv-en≥ tcJI-fn-eqsS F∂ kn B¿ \oe-I-WvTs‚ ]pkvX-I-ØnemWv (t]Pv 10) Cu {]tbmKw G‰hpw ]cn-lm-ky-ambn {]Xy£s∏´Xv. ]pkvXI-Ønse {]tbmKw Cß-s\-bmWv: A∂p-≠m-°nb Icm-dns‚ t]cv KSEB bpw SNC emh-en-\pambp≠m-°nb I¨kƒ´≥kn tkh-\-߃°p-≈ Icm¿ (Contract for consultant's services between KSEB and SNC Lavalin Inc.) F∂m-bn-cp-∂p. Consultant's services F∂v Cw•o-jv {]tbmKsØ "I¨kƒ´‚ns‚ tkh-\߃' F∂-√, I¨kƒ-´≥-kn tkh-\-߃ F∂mWv, \oe--I-WvT≥ X¿Ppa sNbvX-Xv! (sX‰mb aebmf X¿PpabpsS {_mbv°‰n¬ bYm¿Y Cw•ojv {]tbmKhpw \oeIWvT≥ \¬InbXv \∂m-bn. kz¥w Ipgn CXnepw \∂mbn Fßs\ tXm≠pw!) "sNdn-sbmcp I¨kƒ´≥kn Icm¿' F∂ A]-lm-ky-amb {]tbmKw AXn-s\-°ƒ A]-lm-ky-ambn ]n∂oSv at\m-ca Xncp-Øn. "Im\-U-bn¬ \n∂v ]Ww X´n-b-Xmcv?' F∂ Xe-s°-´n¬ sNm∆mgvN {]kn-≤o-I-cn® apJ-{]-kw-K-Ønse hym-Jym\w Cß-s\-bm-bn-cp∂p: aq∂p \ne-b-ß-fn-sebpw P\-td-‰-dp-Iƒ am‰n-ÿm-]n-°m≥ Xocpam-\-sa-Sp-ØXv Ign™ bp Un F^v k¿°m¿ Bbn-cp-∂p-sh¶nepw A∂sØ [mc- W m- ] {Xw Ime- l - c - W - s ∏- ´ - X n- \ m¬ ]pXnb Icm¿ H∏n- ´ Xpw \S- ∏ m- ° n- b Xpw F¬ Un- F^v k¿°m¿ Xs∂ (2005 Pqsse 12). tIm¨{K-kns\ klm-bn-°m≥ at\m-ca Cßs\ Atlm-cm{Xw ]Wn-sb-Sp-°p-tºmƒ ho£Ww ¢®v ]nSn-°mØ-Xn¬ A¤pX-sa¥v!!

Pn Im¿ØntIbs‚ ImeØv sNbvXp Iq´nb Imcy߃
emhven≥ hnhmZØns‚ G‰hpw a¿a{][m\amb {]iv\amWv \mw N¿® sNbvXpsIm≠ncn°p∂Xv. [mc-Wm-]{X k{º-Zm-bØneqsS ]n Fkv ]n ]≤-Xn-I-fpsS ]p\-cp≤m-cWw Xocp-am-\n-®Xv BcmWv F∂-Xm-Wv emhven≥hnhm-Z-Ønse G‰hpw {][m-\-s∏´ hnjbw. bp

88

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

Un F^ns‚ hmZw at\mca-sbs°m≠v FgpXn®XmtWm, at\mcabpsS hymJym\w bp Un- F^p-Im¿ G‰p]mSnbXmtWm F∂ X¿°Øn\v {]k‡nsbm-∂p-an√. tIhew I¨kƒ´≥kn-°p≈ Icm-dmWv X߃ emhven-\p-ambn D≠m-°n-bsX∂pw ]nW-dmbn hnP-b-\mWv AXv km[-\-߃ hmßm-\p≈ Icm-dm°n am‰n-bsX∂pw bp Un F^pIm¿ \mSmsI ]mSn \S∂p. CXp Xs∂-bmWv kn _n- sFbpw At\z-jW dnt∏m¿´n¬ ]d-™n-´p-≈-Xv. am[yaßfpw hnhmZKXnsb \nb{¥n® D]Pm]Icpw Cu ]m´v G‰p]mSn. Icm--dn\v \m\m-Xcw hntijW߃ \¬In Ah¿ P\ßsf ]cn{`an∏n®p. Hdn-Pn-\¬Icm¿, I¨kƒ´≥knIcm¿, [mc-Wm-]-{Xw, kssπIcm¿, Ah-km\ Icm¿, A\p-_-‘-I-cm¿ Cßs\ ]et]cpIfpsS AIºSntbm-sS hymJym\w \o≠t∏mƒ P\w A¥w-hnSpI kzm`mhnIw. AXpsIm≠v emhv e n≥ Icmdns‚ \n¿WmbIL´ßfnse Xocpam\߃ IrXyamb D≤cWnIfpsS ASnÿm\Øn¬ Hcn°¬°qSn Bh¿Øn°p∂Xv Aÿm\Ømhn√. 1995 BKÃv 10\v H∏psh® [mcWm]{XØn¬ ]d™ c≠p Imcy߃. * ""sI Fkv C _n \n¿Wbn°p∂ s{]mPIvSpIfpsS ]p\cp≤mcWØn\pth≠n ]T\ßfpw Unssk\pw kma{KnIƒ hmßp∂Xpw \n¿amWhpw amt\Pvsa‚pw kq∏¿hnj\pw AS°w samØw s{]mPIvSv amt\Pvsa‚n\pth≠n sshZypXnt_m¿Upw emhven\pw tN¿∂v Hcp kwbp‡kwcw`w ÿm]n°m≥ B{Kln°p∂p.'' (BapJw) apgph≥ PesshZypX ]≤Xnbpw emhens\ Fw H bp dq´n¬ G¬∏n®psImSp°p∂Xn\mbncp∂p [mcWm]{Xw. * ""ASpØ c≠pamkØn\p≈n¬ Xncs™Sp°s∏´ t{]mPIvSpIfpsS ]p\cp≤mcWØn\p th≠n hn`hkamlcWØn\pw b{¥kma{KnIfpsS kssπbv°pw tkh\߃°pwth≠n Hcp hniZamb s{]mt∏mk¬ emhven≥ ka¿∏n°p∂Xn\p ]cn{ian°pw. C Un kn, knU, emhven≥ Im∏n‰¬ XpSßnb ÿm]\ßfn¬\n∂v ]Ww e`yam°p∂Xn\pff coXnk{ºZm-bhpw emhven≥ \¬tI≠ tkh\ßfpsS hym]vXnbpw Cu tcJbnep≠mhpw'' - ˛ (t¢mkv 7). [mcWm]{X{]ImcwXs∂ b{¥kma{KnIƒ e`yamt°≠Xv emhven≥ BWv. * 3-˛01˛1996\v Ab® IØn¬ X߃ Xs∂bmhWw It\Unb≥ b{¥ßfpsSbpw tkh\ßfpsSbpw kπbdpw FIvkvt]m¿´dpw BsW∂v Dd∏p ]dbm≥ ]‰p∂ coXnbnemhWw Icm¿ F∂v emhven≥ hy‡ambn Bhiys∏´p. CXns‚ ASnÿm\ØnemWv Im\Ubn¬\n∂v hmbv] e`yam°m≥ \S]SnsbSp°p∂Xv F∂pw Ah¿ hy‡am°n.

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

89

*

24˛02˛1996 ¬ H∏psh® I¨kƒ´‚ns‚ tkh\߃°mbpff Icmdn¬ {]tXyI A\p_‘ambn Icmdns‚ hym]vXn \n¿-hNn°pIbp≠mbn. AXp{]Imcw ""Icm¿ H∏pshbv°p∂ XobXn apX¬ aq∂p h¿jØn\p≈n¬ ]≤Xn kab_‘nX-ambn ]q¿ØoIcn°p∂Xn\pth≠n emhen≥ Xmsg ]dbp∂ tkh\߃ e`yam°pw: amt\Pv s a‚ n\p≈ kmt¶XnI tkh\߃, F©n\obdnwKv, b{¥kma{KnIƒ hm߬, \n¿ΩmWØns‚ ta¬t\m´w.'' Bhiyamb Hmtcm b{¥kma{KnIfpsS hnebpw Icmdn\v A\p_‘ambn \¬Inbncp∂p. * I¨kƒ´‚p Icm¿ {]Imcap≈ hyhÿIfn¬ Fs¥¶nepw X¿°ap≠mhpIbmsW¶n¬ ]mcokv tImSXnbn¬ B¿_nt{Sj≥ \SØm≥ tIcfw kΩXn®p. B¿_nt{Sj≥ \S°p∂ thfbnepw ]≤Xn \n¿hlWØn\v XSkw krjvSn°cpXv F∂pw hyhÿbp≠mbncp∂p. (t¢mkv 17). emhven≥ Icm¿ Dd∏n®Xv Bcv F∂Xn¬ C\n kwibapt≠m? t\cnbawKew Umans‚ \hoIcWØn\v Hcp kznkv Iº\nbpambn [mcWm]{Xw am{Xta H∏psh®ncp∂pffq. CXv d±m°nbXns‚ tIkv \mep h¿jw \o≠p. tIcfw tXm¬°pIbpw sNbvXp. At∏mƒ ]ns∂ I¨kƒ´‚ v Icm¿ IqSn sh®p Ign™ ]n Fkv ]n Icmdn¬\n∂v ]nWdmbn hnPb\v Ducnt∏mIm≥ Ignbpambncpt∂m?

sS≥U¿ hnfn°msX Icmdn¬ H∏n´Xv Bcv?
sS≥U¿ hnfn-°msX Icm-dp-≠m°n F∂-XmWv ASpØ Bt£]w. sS≥U¿ hnfn°msX Pn Im¿ØntIbs‚ ImeØv [mcWm]{Xw H∏n´Xpw ASnÿm\ Icm¿ Dd∏n®pw ]n Fkv ]n ]≤Xn emhven≥ Iº\n°v t\cn´v \¬InbXv bp Un F^v k¿°mcmWv. sS≥-U¿ hnfn°msX emhv e n\v ]nWdmbn hnPb≥ ]n Fkv ]n Icm¿ \¬Inbn´n√. am{Xa√, bp Un F^v H∏n´ IcmdpIƒ Aam¥w IqSmsX apt∂m´psIm≠pt]mIWw F∂Xmbncp∂p A°mesØ s]mXphnImcw. ImcWw, A{Xbv°v cq£ambncp∂p sshZypXn£maw. bp Un F^v H∏n´ GsX¶nepw IcmdpIƒ AgnaXnbpsS kwibØns‚ t]cn¬ sh®pXmakn∏n°m≥ ]mSns√∂v F¬ Un F^v k¿°mcns\ D]tZ- i n°m≥ at\mca apJ{]kwKhpw FgpXn. "Im¿ØntIbs‚ Icm¿ apt∂m´p sIm≠pt]mIq' F∂ apJ-{]-kwK-Øn¬ ]nWdmbn hnPbs\ at\mca Cßs\ D]tZin®p: .........sshZypXn D¬∏m-Z\cwKØv kzIm-cy-ap-X¬apS°v Hgnhm°pI-bn√ F∂v CS-Xp-ap-∂Wnk¿°m¿ hy‡-am-°n-bn-´p-

90

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

≠v. ]t£, ap≥k¿°m¿ A\p-aXn \¬Inb ]≤-Xn-Iƒ°p ]n∂n¬ Agn-aXn \S-∂-Xmbn kqN\ e`n-®m¬ Icm¿ H∏p-hbv°n-s√-∂mWv ]pXnb k¿°m-cns‚ \ne-]m-Sv. Icm¿ kpXmcy-am-bn-cn-°-Ww. Id‚ns‚ hne Aan-X-am-I-cp-Xv. ka-b-_-‘nX-ambn ]Wn Xo¿°m≥ kzIm-cy-I-º-\n-Isf t{]cn-∏n-°-Ww F∂o Imcy-ß-fn¬ A`n-{]m-b-hy-Xym-kw D≠m-In-√. ]t£, [mc-Wm-]{Xw H∏n-´n´pw ]h¿ ]¿t®kv Icm¿ N¿® ]ptcm-K-an®n´pw ]≤-Xn-Iƒ°v A\-°-ap-≠m-Im-ØXv F¥p-sIm-≠msW∂v Bcm-tb-≠-Xp-≠v (1997 Pq¨ 17). Cu ]{XamWv apIfn¬ hnhcn® {]Imcw sS≥Udn√msX Icmdnsem∏n´Xv {Iat°SmsW∂ hmZhpambn 2003 ¬ cwKØndßn-bXv. Cu hmZw as‰mcp coXn-bn¬ Bh¿Øn-°p-I-bm-Wv kn_nsF. I¨kƒ´≥kn Icm¿ kssπ Icm-dm°n ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ am‰n. AXp-hgn t\cn´v D¬∏m-Z-I-\-√mØ emhv-en≥ Iº-\nsb b{¥-km-a{Kn- I ƒ kssπ sNøp- ∂ - X n- \ p- ≈ GP≥kn- b m- ° n. emhv e n≥ Iº\nsbs°m≠v t•m_¬ sS≥U¿ hnfn∏n°Wambncp∂p. CXn\p adp-]-Sn-Iƒ c≠m-Wv. Fw H bp dq´nse \S-]Sn {Iaw {]Imcw Im\-U-bmWv hmbv] e`y-am-t°-≠-Xv. B ]Ww D]-tbmKn®v BtKmf sS≥U¿ hnfn®v a‰p cmPy-ß-fn¬ \n∂v b{¥-߃ hmßm≥ A\p-hm-Z-ap-≠m-Ip-sa∂p Icp-Xp-∂-Xn¬∏cw auVy-apt≠m? It\-Un-b≥ b{¥-߃ t{]m’m-ln-∏n-°m-\mWv Im\U k¿°m¿ hmbv] \¬Ip-∂Xp Xs∂. B hmbv] kzoI-cn-°p-∂-Xn\v Icm-dp≠m-°n-bm¬ ]ns∂ Gdn-bm¬ sNøm≥ Ign-bp-∂Xv It\-Un-b≥ Iº\n-sb-s°m≠v Im\-U-bn¬ sS≥U¿ hnfn-∏n-°pI F∂-Xm-Wv. Pessh-ZypXn ]≤-Xn- b{¥ßƒ \n¿an-°p∂ hnc-en-se-Æm-hp∂ ÿm]\-ßtf Hcp cmPy-Øp-≠m-Iq. Im\Ubn¬ am{Xap≈ sS≥Udmbncp∂mepw Hc-¥¿t±-iob sS≥U¿ hnfn-°p-∂-Xn-\p-≈ kabw Xs∂ FSp°pw. tIc-fsØ kw_-‘n-®n-S-tØmfw Ime-Xm-a-k-an-√msX F{Xbpw thKw sshZypXn \ne-b-߃ \ho-I-cn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p e£yw. Cu ]›m-Ø-e-Øn-em-Wv emh-ven≥ Iº\n hgn Pn Im¿ØntI-bs‚ ImeØv H∏p-sh-®n-cp∂ I¨kƒ´‚ v Icmdn¬ 1995 ¬ \n›bn-®n-cp∂ hnebv°v 2000 ¬ b{¥-߃ kssπ sNøp-∂-Xn\v emhens\ Npa-X-e-s∏-Sp-Øn-b-Xv. \mj-W¬ sslt{Um ]h¿ tIm¿∏-tdj-s\-s°m≠v Cu hne-Iƒ A¥¿t±-iob hne\ne-hm-c-a-\p-k-cn®v \ymb-am-sW-∂p-≈ dnt∏m¿´pw sI F-kv- C- _n°v e`n-®n-´p-≠v. c≠m-asØ adp-]Sn CØ-c-Øn¬ A\p-_‘ Icm-dn-eqsS D]I-c-W-߃ kssπ sNøp-∂-Xn\v emh-vens\ Npa-X-e-s∏-Sp-Øn-bXv BZy-am-bn-´√. Ip‰ymSn FIvkvsS≥j≥ ]≤-Xn-bpsS \n¿h-lWØn¬ - -

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

91

bp Un- F^v kzoI-cn® coXn CXp-X-s∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Cu Iogvh-g°w ]n¥p-S-cpI am{X-amWv ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ sNbvX-Xv.

bp Un- F-^ns‚ Ip‰ymSn ]≤-Xn-bpsS amXrI
Ip‰ymSn FIvkv‰≥j\pw ]n Fkv ]n \ho-I-cW ]≤-Xnbpw Htc A®n¬ hm¿sØ-SpØhbm-Wv. c≠pw emh-ven\pambn kl-I-cn®p-≈ ]≤-Xn-Iƒ. c≠nepw hmbv] In´n-bXv Im\-U-bn¬\n∂v. c≠nepw D]-I-c-W-߃ hmßn-bXv BtKmf sS≥U-dn-√msX Fw H bp coXn-bn-eq-sS. c≠nepw {Km‚ v D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Ip‰ymSn ]≤Xn kn hn ]fl-cm-P≥ XpSßn Im¿Øn-tI-b≥ apt∂m´p sIm≠p-t]mbn ]nWdmbn hnP-b≥ ]q¿Ønbm°n. ]n Fkv ]n ]≤-Xn-Iƒ Im¿Øn-tIb≥ XpSßn ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ apt∂m´p sIm≠pt]mbn IS-hq¿ inh-Zm-k≥ ]q¿Ønbm°n. c≠p ]≤-Xn-bnepw kn F Pn Nne hna¿i\-߃ D∂-bn-®p. F∂m¬ Ip‰ymSn ]≤-Xn-sb-°p-dn-®p-≈ hna¿i-\߃ s]mXp-[mcm am[y-a-߃ H∂S¶w sk≥k¿jn-∏n\v hnt[-b-am°n. ]n Fkv ]n ]≤-Xn-sb-°p-dn-®p-≈ hna¿i-\-߃ hnhm-Zhpw BtLm-j-hp-am°n am‰n. bYm¿Y-Øn¬ ]n Fkv ]n ]≤-Xn-I-sf-°mƒ F{Xtbm cq£amb hna¿i\-amWv kn F Pn Ip‰ymSn FIvÃ≥j-s\-°p-dn®v \¬Inbn´p-≈-Xv. ]n Fkv ]n ]≤-Xn-I-fpsS Imcy-Øn¬ apS-°nb 374 tImSn cq]-bv°v B\p-]m-Xn-Iamb t\´w D≠m-bn-´n√ F∂v kn F Pn dnt∏m¿´v - Ip‰-s∏-Sp-Øp-tºmƒ Ip‰ymSn FIvÃ≥js‚ Imcy-Øn¬ apS-°nb 201 tImSn cq]bpw ]mgm-bn-t∏mbn F∂mWv ]d-bp-∂Xv. ]pXnb P\td-‰¿ ÿm]n-®n´pw Hcp bqWn‰v sshZyp-Xn-t]mepw D¬∏m-Zn-∏n-°m≥ Ign-™n-´n-√. ImcWw AXn-\p≈ sh≈w Ip‰ymSn Uman¬ D≠m-bncp-∂n-√. ]≤Xn \S-∏m-°p∂ thf-bn¬Xs∂ Cu hnhcw A[n-IrX¿°v Adn-bm-am-bn-cp-∂p F∂-XmWv hnkva-b-I-c-amb as‰mcp Imcyw. bp Un F^v a{¥n-bm-bn-cp∂ kn hn -]-fl-cm-P-s‚ ImeØmWv Ip‰ymSn ]≤-Xn-bpsS [mc-Wm-]-{Xhpw AXn-\p-tijw ASn-ÿm\ (I¨kƒ´‚ v) Icmdpw H∏p-sh-®-Xv. At∏m-tg°pw At±-l-Øns‚ a{¥n-ÿm\w sXdn-®p. ]n∂o-Sp- a{¥n-bmb Pn Im¿Øn-tI-b-s‚ ImeØmWv Ch-bpsS XpS¿®bmb A\p-_-‘-°-cm-dn¬ H∏p-sh-®Xv. Ip‰ymSn ]≤-Xn-°p≈ A\p_‘-°-cmdpw ]n Fkv ]n ]≤XnIfpsS ASnÿm\ Icmdpw emhen-\p-ambn H∏p-sh-®-Xv Htc ZnhkamWv (1996 s^{_phcn 24). AXp-sIm≠v Pn Im¿Øn-tI-b\v Ip‰ymSn ]≤-Xn-sb-°p-dn®pw ]n Fkv ]n ]≤-Xn-Isf°p-dn®pw IrXy-amb [mcW-bp-≠mbncp∂p. 2005 Pqembv amk-Øn¬ DΩ≥Nm≠n k¿°m-cn-

92

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

s\-Xnsc tImSn-tbcn _me-Ir-jvW≥ Ah-X-cn-∏n® Ahn-izmk {]tab-Øn-t∑-ep-≈ N¿®-bv°nsS Pn Im¿Øn-tI-b-t\mSv Cu {KŸ-Imc≥ Cßs\ tNmZn®p: tNmZyw efn-X-am-Wv. a{¥n F∂ \ne-bn¬ Ip‰ymSn ]≤-Xn°v kssπ Hm¿U¿ Icm-dn-\p-]-Icw Atß°v t•m_¬ sS≠¿ hnfn-°m≥ Ign-bp-am-bn-cpt∂m? {io. kn hn -]-fl-cm-P≥ H∏n´ [mc-Wm-]-{X-Øn-s‚bpw I¨kƒ´≥kn Icm-dn-s‚bpw ]›mØ-e-Øn¬ A\n-hm-cy-am-bn-cpt∂m Asß-SpØ Xocp-am\w? Ht´sd Dcp- ≠ p- I - f n- s ®- ¶ nepw _‘- s ∏´ Imcy- ß ƒ hfsc apt∂m´p- \o-ßn-bn-cp-∂psh∂pw Icm-dp-Iƒ Hcp ]mt°-Pm-sW∂pw Im\-U-bn¬\n∂v hmbv] Xc-s∏-Sp-Øn-bXn\ptijw t•m_¬ sS≠¿ hnfn-°m≥ Ign-bn-s√∂pw Pn Im¿Øn-tI-b≥ \nbak`bn¬ kΩXn®p. Pn Im¿ØntIbs‚ ImeØv H∏psh® [mc-Wm-]-{Xhpw I¨kƒ´‚ v Icmdpw {]m_eyØn¬ h∂Xn\ptijw hmbv] Xcs∏SpØp-∂Xv AS°ap≈ N¿®Iƒ Gsd apt∂m´p t]mbncp∂p. Cu ]cnX:ÿnXnbn¬ Ip‰ymSn ]≤Xnbn¬ Icm¿ d±m°n t•m_¬ sS≥U¿ hnfn°m≥ Pn Im¿ØntIb\v XSkambncp∂ AtX kmlNcy߃ ]nWdmbn hnPb\pw A`napJoIcn®ncp∂p. Icm¿ d±m°p∂]£w ASnÿm\ Icmdns‚ 17˛mw \n_‘\ {]Imcw ]mcokn¬ B¿_nt{Sj≥ \S]SnIƒ t\cntS≠nhcpambncp∂p F∂Xns\m∏w \jvS]cnlmchpw emhven\v sImSpt°≠nhcpam-bncp∂p. am{Xa√, CXv ]≤Xn \SØn∏ns\ tZmjIcambn _m[n°pIbpw sI Fkv C _nbpsS {][m\s∏´ aq∂v PesshZypXnIfpsS {]h¿Ø\w AhXmfØnemhpIbpw sNøpambncp∂p. t\cn-b-aw-Kew ]h¿ t{]mP-IvSns‚ Imcy-Øn¬ F _n- _n Iº\nbpambn bp Un F^v k¿°mcp≠m°nb [mc-Wm-]{Xw d±m°nbt∏mgp≠mb A\p`hw ad∂pIqSm. F _n _n \meph¿jw tIkp \SØn. bp- Un F^ns‚ ImeØv tIcf k¿°m¿ tIkv tXm¬°pIbpw Ah¿°p Xs∂ Icm¿ sImSpt°≠ ÿnXnbpap≠mbn. Dd∏n°-s∏´ Icm-dpIƒ ewLn°pItbm d±m°pItbm sNøp∂Xp-aqew ]≤Xn \n¿hlWØn\v \nba]camb XS ßƒ krjvSn°-s∏Spsa∂Xv AhnX¿°nXamWv.

Xa-kvI-cn-°-s∏-Sp∂ Ip‰ymSn sIm≈
]n Fkv ]n ]≤-Xn-sbbpw Ip‰ymSn FIvsÃ≥j≥ ]≤Xn-sbbpw

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

93

XmcXays∏SpØnbm¬ km[\kma{KnIfpsS hnebpsSbpw \n¿amWs®ehns‚bpw ImcyØn¬ am{Xa√, I¨kƒ´≥kn ^okv , FIvkvt]mj¿ ^okv, ]eni\nc°v F∂nhbnse√mw Ip‰ymSn-bn-emWv XmcXtayt\ \nc°v IqSpX¬ F∂v Xmsg ]´nIbn¬ \¬Inbncn-°p∂ IW°pIƒ sXfnbn°p∂p≠v. Chbpw km[\km-a{KnI--fpsS hneIfnepw \n¿amWs®ehnep≈ A¥chpw aqeamWv ]n Fkv ]n ]≤Xnbn¬ saKmhm´v H∂n\v 3.23 tImSn cq] sNehv hcptºmƒ Ip‰ymSn FIvsÃ≥j\nse sNehv 4.83 tImSn cq]bm-bncn-°p∂Xv. ]n Fkv ]n ]≤XnIfnse A[nIs®ehns\°pdn®v hmNmecmIp∂h¿ Ip‰ymSn FIvsÃ≥js\°pdn®v \n»_vZ-cmIp-∂Xv hntcm[m`mkamWv. ]´nI 1 Ip‰ymSn FIvÃ≥j≥, ]n Fkv ]n ]≤XnIfpsS XmcXayw C\w ÿm]nXtijn aXn∏v sNehv bYm¿Y sNehv saKm-hm´v 1\v sNehv ]eni \nc°v IΩn-‰vsa‚ v Nm¿Pv FIvkvt]m-j¿ ^okv I¨k¬´≥kn ^okv ]n Fkv ]n 115 saKm-hm´v 243.98 tImSn cq] 372.40 tImSn cq] 3.23 tImSn cq] 6.8 iX-am\w 0.375 iX-am\w 4.76 iX-am\w 0.073 iX-am\w Ip‰ymSn FIvÃ≥j≥ 50 saKm-hm´v 58 tImSn cq] 241.65 tImSn cq] 4.83 tImSn cq] 7.01 iX-am\w 0.375 iX-am\w 6.26 iX-am\w 0.242 iX-am\w

Ip‰ymSn ]≤- X n- s b- ° p- d n®v Hcp- hn- h m- Z - h pap- ≠ m- b n- ´ n- s √∂p am{Xa√, AtX°pdn®p≈ kn F Pn dnt∏m¿´v \nb-a-k-`-bn¬ sh®t∏mgp≠mb {]XnIcWwt]mepw t]cn\pam{Xambncp∂p. Ip‰ymSn, ]n Fkv ]n ]≤- X n- I tfmSp≈ am[ya kao]\Øn\v G‰hpw DNnXamb XmcXay-amWv \nb-a-k-`-bn¬ c≠p dnt∏m¿´p-Isfbpw kw_-‘n®v 2006 s^{_p--hcn 21 \v \S∂ N¿®bpsS dnt∏m¿´nMv. Fw Fw lk-\mWv ]n Fkv ]n kw_-‘n® {]tabw Ah-X-cn-∏n-®Xv. tUm. tXmakv sFkIv Ip‰ymSn kw_-‘n-®pw. c≠p {]ta-b-ßsfbpw Ipdn®v, Htc Znhkambn-cp∂p N¿®. emhv-en≥, Ip‰ymSn hnjb-ß-fn¬ \S∂ \nb-a-k-`m N¿®-Iƒ s]mXp-[mcm am[y-a-߃ Fßs\ dnt∏m¿´p sNbvXp-sh∂v ]cn-tim-[n°mw. emh-ven≥ hnjbw Ah-X-cn-∏n® Fw Fw lks‚ {]kwKw \meptImfw Xe-s°-´ns‚ {]m[m-\y-tØmsS at\m-ca {]kn-≤o-I-cn-®p.

94

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

AXn\p≈n¬ H‰- h m- N - I - Ø n- s em- X pßn tXmakv sFk- ° ns‚ {]kwKw. amXr-`q-an-bn¬ "emhv-en≥: \\™ ]S°w IØn-bn√' F∂ Xes°-´n¬ "k`m-Xew' tImf-Ønse ]cm-a¿iw Xmsg ]d-bp∂ hmIyßfn- s em- X p- ß n. ""Ip‰ymSn FIv s Ã≥j≥ ]≤- X n- s b- ∏ ‰n N¿® XpSßnsh®Xv tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFk-°m-Wv. tUmIvS¿°v ]dbm-s\m-Øn-cn-bp-≠v, ]t£, ]d™p]d™p hcp-tºmƒ ]c∂p t]mIp∂p. F¥p sNømw. AXp- s Im≠p Xs∂ Cu tIknse No^v hnkvXmcw th≠ coXn-bn-em-bn-√.'' F√m ]{X-ßfpw GXm≠v CtX kao-]-\-amWv ]n¥p-S¿∂-Xv. c≠p kn F Pn dnt∏m¿´p-Isf Bkv]-Z-am°n `c-W-]-£Øp \n∂pw {]Xn-]-£Øp\n∂pw Hmtcm t\Xm-°ƒ Ah-X-cn-∏n® {]ta-b-ßsf ]{X-߃ c≠p-hn-[-Øn¬ kao-]n®p. Fw Fw lk≥ Ah-X-cn-∏n® {]ta-b-Øn\v h≥{]m-[m\yw e`n-®-t∏mƒ tXmakv sFk°v Ah-Xcn-∏n® {]tabw Xa-kvI-cn-°-s∏´p. tZim-`n-am\n HgnsI Hcp- ]-{XØnepw tXmakv sFk-°ns‚ {]tabw Xe-s°´p ]nSn®p]‰n-bn-√. F∂m¬ ]nW-dmbn hnP-bs\ H∂mw {]Xn-bm-°-W-sa∂ lks‚ Bhiyw F√m ]{X-ßfpw BtLm-jn-®p.

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

95

11 tIm¨{K-kn\pw at\m-cabv°pw C _mem-\µ≥ F∂p-ap-X¬ {]nb-¶c\mbn? - Bbn-c-Øn-sØm-≈m-bn-cØn sXmÆq‰n Bdn¬ A[n-Im-c-Øntedn GXm\pw amkw Ign-™-t∏mƒ tIc-f-Ønse sshZypXn {]Xnk-‘nbpsS Imc-W-ßfpw ]cn-lm-c-ßfpw ]cn-tim-[n®v dnt∏m¿´vsNøp∂-Xn\v C sI \mb\m¿ k¿°m¿ Hcp kan-Xnsb \ntbmKn®p. sshZypXn t_m¿Uv sXmgn-em-fn-I-fpsS A\n-tj-[y t\Xm-hm-bn-cp∂ C _mem\µs‚ t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ t{SUvbq-Wn-b≥ {]Xn-\n-[n-I-fp-w hym]mcn˛hyhkmbn {]Xn\n[nIfpw sI Fkv C _n DtZym-Kÿcpw ASßp∂Xmbncp∂p kanXn. 1997 s^{_phcn 2\v _mem-\µ≥ IΩn‰n dnt∏m¿´v ka¿∏n-®p. ]n Fkv ]n ]≤XnIsf kw_-‘n°p∂ dnt∏m¿´nse ]cma¿iw P\td‰dpIfpw b{¥kma- { KnIfpw ]q¿Wambn am‰msX Bhiyamb A‰Ip‰∏WnIfpw AXymh-iyamb am‰ßfpw hcpØnbm¬ aXnsb∂mbncp∂p.
C _mem\-µ-s\-Xnsc at\m-ca
"_mem\µ≥ IΩn‰n ip]m¿i ]≤Xn- I fpsS tijnsb _m[n°pw' F∂ Xes°´n¬ at\mca dnt∏m¿-´ns\ hniIe\w sNbvXv Cßs\ FgpXn (1997 s^{_phcn 8): ]≈n-hm-k¬ sN¶pfw ]∂n-bm¿ ]≤-Xn-I-fpsS ]gb P\-td-‰dp-Ifpw a‰p b{¥-ßfpw ]q¿W-ambn am‰m-\p-≈ [mc-W-bvs°Xnsc C _mem-\-µ≥ Fw ]n A[y-£-\mb kanXn \¬Inb ip]m¿i Cu ]≤-Xn-I-fpsS D¬∏m-Z-\-ti-jnsb _m[n-°pw.... Ct∏m-gsØ \ne-bn¬ ]≈n-hm-k-enepw sN¶p-fØpw ]gb b{¥-߃ ]q¿W-ambn am‰n ÿm]n-®n-s√-¶n¬ c≠p ]≤-Xn-

96

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

Ifpw tcmK-_m-[n-X-ambn XpS-cp-Itb D≈q. Ime-l-c-W-s∏´ P\-td-‰-dp-I-fp-sSbpw S¿ss_-\p-I-fp-sSbpw GXm\pw `mK-߃ am‰n-bXp sIm≠v ]q¿W-amb D¬∏m-Z-\-tijn ssIh-cn-°m\m-hn-√. CS-bv°n-sS-bp-≠m-Ip∂ kvXw`\w Bh¿Øn-°m-\p≈ km[yX \ne-\n¬°p-Ibpw sNøpw. k¿°mcpw t_m¿Upw tN¿∂p-≠m-°nb [mcW sshZyp-Xn-hnI-k\ ]T-\-k-anXn X≈n-°-f-™Xv F¥p-sIm-≠mWv F∂p hy‡-a-√. ]≤-Xn-Iƒ B[p-\n-I-h-¬°-cn-°m-\p-≈ ]Ww Im\U-bpsS klm-b-]-≤Xn {]Im-c-am-b-Xn-\m¬ {]tXy-In-®pw. t_m¿Unse kn sF- Snbp tem_n-bpsS kΩ¿Z-amWv Imc-Wsa∂p Nne tI{µ-ß-fn¬ \ns∂-¶nepw Bt£-]-ap-≠v. kanXn k¿°m-cn\p \¬Inb dnt∏m¿´n¬ kan-Xn-bw-K-߃ apt∂m-´p-sh® ]e \n¿tZi-ßfpw Dƒs°m-≈n-®n-´p-an-√. ]≈nhm-k¬, sN¶pfw ]≤-Xn-I-fnse ]gb b{¥-߃ ]q¿W-ambn am‰n -ÿm-]n-°m-\p-≈ {iaw XS-bp-∂Xv Chn-Sßfnse D¬∏mZ-\sØ tZmj-I-c-ambn _m[n-°p-sa∂v kan-Xn-bw-K-amb F F≥ cmP≥ saº¿ sk{I- ´ dn hn kpIp- a m- c ≥ \mb¿°p \¬Inb IØn¬ Nq≠n-°m-´n-bn-´p≠v. Npcp°-Øn¬ C _mem\µ≥ IΩn‰n dnt∏m¿´nse ]n Fkv ]n ]≤-XnIsf kw_‘n°p∂ ]cma¿iw kzoI-cn°p∂Xv sshZyptXm¬∏m-Z\sØ tZmjIcambn _m[n°psa-∂psa∂mbncp∂p A∂v at\mca-bpsS "Xncn®dnhv'. 1997 Pqsse 21 apX¬ 26 hsc at\m-c-a-bn¬ "Ccp-´n-ep-d-ßp∂ sshZypXn t_m¿Uv' F∂ ]c-ºc h∂p. Cu ]c-º-c-bpsS Ahkm\w, C _mem-\-µ≥ IΩn‰n dnt∏m¿´v ]cm-a¿in-°p-∂p-≠v. C. _mem\µ≥ IΩn‰n dnt∏m¿-´v kn ]n sF FΩnse {Kq∏nkØns‚ `mKamsW∂mWv at\mca hcpØnØo¿ØXv. "_mem-\-µ≥ IΩn‰nbpw {Kq∏p--I-fnbpw' F∂ teJ-\-Ønse hcn-Iƒ (1997 Pqembv 26): sN¶pfw, ]≈n-hm-k¬ ]≤-Xn-IfpsS P\-td-‰¿ am‰n ÿm]n°m-\p-≈ \o°-Øn¬\n∂v ]n∑m-d-W-sa-∂m-bn-cp∂p _mem-\-µ≥ IΩn-‰n-bpsS ip]m¿i-I-fn¬ H∂v. CXv a\-x]q¿h-amWv tN¿ØsX∂v Bt£-]-ap-≠v. Cu P\-td-‰-dp-I-fpsS kvs]b¿ ]m¿Svkv am‰n-bm¬ aXn-sb∂ ip]m¿i, a{¥n ]nW-dmbn hnP-b\pw t_m¿Unse D∂-X-∑m¿°pw FXn-sc-bm-bn-cp∂p. P\-td-‰¿ am‰n ÿm]n-°p-∂-Xn\v a{¥nbpw Iq´cpw hntZ-iØp t]mbn [mc-W-bp≠m°n aS-ßn-sb-Øn-b-Xns‚ ]n∂m-se-bm-bn-cp∂p Cu sIm´v. at\mca ae°wadn®n¬ XpS-cp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ImelcWs∏´

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

97

P\td‰dpIfpsSbpw S¿ss_\pIfpsSbpw GXm\pw `mK߃ am‰nbXpsIm≠v ]q¿Wamb D¬∏mZ\£aX ssIhcn°m\mhn√ F∂ XßfpsS ap≥\ne]mSv amdp∂Xn\p ]n∂n¬ ]nWdmbn hnPb≥ F∂ GI e£yw am{XamWv at\mcabv°p≠mbncp∂Xv. ]nW-dmbn hnP-b-s\-Xn-cmb s]mXpt_m[w Ir{Xnaambn kr„n-°pI F∂ cmjv { Sobe£y- t ØmsS at\mca \S- Ø nb hf- s ®m- S n- ° - e ns‚ as‰mcpZmlcWamWv C _mem\µ≥ dnt∏m¿´p kw_‘n® AhcpsS ae°wadn®n¬. b{¥ßƒ ]q¿W-ambpw am‰tWm `mKn-I-ambn am‰tWm F∂Xv XnI®pw kmt¶-XnI {]iv\-am-Wv. hnZ-Kv[¿°n-S-bn¬t∏mepw \ymbamb Imc-W-ß-fm¬ CXp kw_-‘n®v hyXy-kvX-amb A`n-{]m-bß-fp-≠v. Cu `n∂m`n{]mbßsf XßfpsS cmjv{Sob ]£]mXn-XzØn\v A\pkcn®v at\mca Zp¿hym-Jym\w sNøp-I-bmWv. bYm¿YØn¬ ]n Fkv ]n ]≤Xn \hoIcWØns‚ ASnÿm\ Icm¿ H∏n´v Gsd Ign™mWv C _mem-\-µ≥ IΩn‰nsb-t∏mepw \nban°p∂Xv. ]n Fkv ]n ]≤XnIfpsS kºq¿Wamb \hoIcWw Xocpam\n-® kabw AXns‚ km[pXsb kw_‘n®v at\mcabv°v kwibap≠m-bn-cp∂n√. am{Xa√, C _mem\µ≥ IΩn‰n dnt∏m¿´nse ]cma¿-i߃ kzoIcn®m¬ CSbv°nsSbp≠mIp∂ kvXw`\w Bh¿Øn-°m-\p≈ km[yX \ne\n¬°psa∂mWv at\mca \nco£n®Xv. C _mem-\-µ≥ IΩn‰n dnt∏m¿´nse ]n Fkv ]n ]≤XnIsf°pdn®p≈ ]cm-a¿i-߃ kzoIcn-°p∂Xv KpWIcas√-∂p Xs∂bmbncp∂p 1997 ¬ at\m-cabpsS \ne]mSv.

Icm-dp-Isf d±m-°p∂ _mem-\-µ≥ dnt∏m¿´v!
]n Fkv ]n Icmdns‚ DØchmZnXzØn¬\n∂v Im¿ØntIbs\ c£n°m\p≈ AS-hns‚ `mK-ambncp∂p C _mem-\-µ≥ IΩ‰n dnt∏m¿´n-s\-°p-dn®v Db¿Øn-hn´ hnhm-Zw. kanXnbpsS ip]m¿i X≈n-°-f™v ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ emhven\v Icm¿ sImSp-sØ∂v hcpØnØo¿°m\mWv D]Pm]I¿ {ian®Xv. ]n Fkv ]n ]≤-XnIƒ kºq¿W-ambn \ho-I-cn-°p∂-Xn\v ]Icw 100 tImSn cq]-bpsS A‰-Ip-‰-∏-Wn-Iƒ \S-Øn-bm¬ aXn-bm-Ip-sa∂pw AXv s`¬ ap-Jm¥ncw sNø-W-sa∂pw dnt∏m¿´v \n¿tZin®ncp∂psh∂ ]®°≈w CXn\pth≠n ]d™p]cØn. tIm¨{Kkv t\Xmhv Xncp-h-©q¿ cm[m-Ir-jvW≥ amXr-`qan Zn\]-{X-Øn¬ -]-d-bp-∂p(2009 s^{_phcn 2)-: ]∂n-bm¿, sN¶p-fw, ]≈n-hm-k¬ ]≤-Xn-bpsS \ho-I-c-Ww-Xs∂ _mem-\-µ≥ IΩ‰n \ncm-I-cn® kml-N-cy-Øn¬ Fw H bp dq´mWv R߃ kzoI-cn-®-sX-∂ -hmZw \nc¿Y-Iw- X-s∂.

98

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥ tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

No^v F≥Pn-\o-b¿ cm[m-Ir-jvW-]n-≈-bpsS dnt∏m¿-´ns‚ ASnÿm-\-Øn¬ FSp-Øp-h∂ \S-]Sn _mem-\-µ≥ IΩn-‰n-bpsS ip]m¿i t_m¿Uv AwKo-I-cn®v k¿°m-cn\v \¬In-b-tXmsS Ah-km-\n-°p-I-bm-Wv. Cu dnt∏m¿´nt∑¬ \S-]Sn kzoI-cn-°p∂-Xn\p]Icw ]gb hmZw Bh¿Øn®v D∂-bn-°pI am{X-amWv k¿°m¿ sNbvX-Xv. C _mem-\-µ≥ IΩn-‰n-bpsS ip]m¿i Ce-Iv{Sn-kn‰n t_m¿Uv AwKo-I-cn®v k¿°m-cn\v \¬In-b-tXmsS Im¿Øn-tI-b≥ sNbvX Imcy-ß-sf√mw Akm-[p-hm-bn-t]m-epw. -_m-em-\-µ≥ IΩn-‰n dnt∏m¿´n\phncp-≤-ambn ]ns∂bpw ]p\-cp-≤m-c-W-]-cn-]m-Sn-bp-ambn apt∂m-´pt]m-b-Xn\v DØ-c-hmZn ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ am{X-amsW∂v hmZn®v Im¿Øn-tI-bs\ KqVm-tem-N\tIkn¬\n∂v Hgnhm°m\p≈ ]cnlmkyamb {iaamWv Xncph©q¿ cm[mIrjvW≥ amXr`qan hgn \SØn-bXv. C _mem-\-µ≥ IΩn‰n ]n Fkv ]n ]≤-XnIsf-°p-dn®v ]Tn-°m\p≈ IΩn-‰n-bm-bn-cp-∂n-√. s]mXp-hn¬ tIc-f-Ønse sshZypXn taJe-sb-°p-dn-®v ]Tn°m\p≈ IΩn‰nbmbncp∂p. IΩn‰n dnt∏m¿´v \¬InbXv Xncp-h-©q¿ cm[m-IrjvW≥ ]d-bp-∂-Xp-t]mse t_m¿Un-\√; sshZypXn a{¥n ]nW-dm-bn hnP-b-\m-Wv. C. _mem-\-µ≥ IΩn‰n dnt∏m¿´v e`n-°p-∂-Xm-Is´ A\p_‘Icm¿ H∏nSp∂Xn\v 10 Znhkw apºv am{X-am-Wv. B dnt∏m¿´v ]cn-tim-[n-°p-Itbm Fs¥-¶nepw Xocp-am-\-sa-Sp-°p-Itbm sNbvXn-cp-∂n-√. AXp-sIm≠v Cu dnt∏m¿´v X≈p-Itbm sIm≈p-Itbm sNøp∂ {]iv\w B kµ¿`-Øn¬ DZn®n-cp-∂n-√. t_m¿tUm k¿°mtcm Cu dnt∏m¿´v AtX-]Sn AwKo-Icn-®n-´p-an-√. adn®v CXnse \m\m-hn-[ \n¿tZ-i-߃ ]cn-K-Wn-°p-Ibpw kml-N-cy-a-\p-k-cn®v Ah-bn¬ ]eXpw {]mh¿Øn-I-am-°p-I-bp-amWv sNbvX-Xv. GXm-bmepw am[y-a-ß-fneqsS {]N-cn-∏n-°-s∏-´-Xp-t]mse s]mXp-ta-Jem ÿm]-\-amb s`√n-s\-s°m≠v \ho-I-cWw \S-ØW-sa-∂m-bn-cp-∂n√ IΩn-‰n-bpsS ip]m¿i. adn®v Cu ]≤-Xn-Iƒ BZyw Bhn-jvI-cn® BƒtÃmw, ln‰m®n XpS-ßnb hntZ-i-°-º-\nI-fn¬\n∂v \ho-I-c-W-Øn-\p≈ kam-{Kn-Iƒ t\cn-´p-hm-ß-W-sa-∂mbn-cp-∂p \n¿tZiw. am{X-a-√, sshZypXn D¬∏mZ\ta-J-e-bn¬ henb-tXm-Xn¬ \nt£]w kam-l-cn-°p-∂-Xn-\p-th≠n kzIm-cy-]-¶m-fnØ-- t ØmsS Hcp kwbp‡kwcw`w Bcw- ` n- ° - W - s a∂pw IΩn‰n ip]m¿i sNbvXn-´p-≠v. Gsd \b]camb \n¿tZi߃ Dƒs°m≈p-∂ Cu dnt∏m¿´v hniIe\w sNøp∂Xn\v Npcpßnb Znhk߃ aXn-bmIn-s√∂dn-bm≥ kmam-\y-_p≤n aXn. F√m-‰n-ep-ap-]cn bp Un -F^v `c-W-Im-eØv Cu ]≤-Xn-I-fpsS ]p\-cp-≤m-c-W-Øn-\m-bp≈ [mc-Wm-]-{Xhpw ASn-ÿm\ Icmdpw H∏psh-®p-I-gn-™n-cp-∂p. Hcp L´w at‰-Xns‚ XpS¿®-bm-Wv. Pn -Im¿Øn-

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

99

tI-bs‚ ImeØv Bcw`n®Xv ]q¿Øo-I-cn-°pI am{X-amWv ]nWdmbn hnP-bs‚ ImeØv \S∂Xv. km[-\-km-a-{Kn-Iƒ hmßm≥ t•m_¬ sS≠¿ hnfn-°m≥ B L´Øn¬ Ign-bp-am-bn-cp-∂n-√. Im\Ubn¬\n∂v hmbv] e`yam°pIbpw AXp]tbmKn®v Im\U-bn¬ \n∂p Xs∂ b{¥kma{KnIƒ hmßpIbpw sNøm\p≈ Icmdp-Iƒ Hcp ]mt°-Pns‚ `mK-am-Wv. Im\-U-bn¬\n∂p≈ hmbv]sIm≠v a‰pcm-Py-ß-fn¬\n∂v km[-\-߃ hmßm≥ bp Un F^ns‚ ImeØv Dd∏n® Icmdns‚ ASnÿm\Øn¬ Ign-bn-√. It\-Un-b≥ hmbv] ths≠-∂p-sh®v ]pXnb hmbv] Is≠-Øm\pw Ignbpambncp∂n√. AXoh KpcpXcamb kmºØnI {]Xnk‘nbpw sshZypX {]Xnk‘nbpw A`napJoIcn°p∂ sI Fkv C _n°v Hcp ]mt°Pns‚ ASnÿm\Øne√msX Xpd∂ hn]Wnbn¬\n∂v hmbv] e`yam-Ip∂ ]cnXxÿnXnbmbncp∂n√ A∂v. A°mesØ sI Fkv C _n-bpsS AXnZb\obamb kmºØnI{]Xnk‘n _mem\µ≥ IΩn‰n dnt∏m¿- ´ n¬Øs∂ ]cma¿in°s∏´n´p≠v . kzImcy ]¶mfn- Ø tØmsS sshZypXn D¬∏mZ\w Gs‰Sp°m≥ IΩn‰n ka¿∏n® \n¿tZi-Øn¬-t∏mepw ASßnbn´p≈ Dt±iyw sI Fkv C _nbpsS kmºØnI {]Xnk‘n adn-I-S-°pI F∂-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. Zp¿_eamb ImcW߃ \ncØn It\Unb≥ hmbv] \nckn°p∂Xv ]≤Xn \n¿hlWsØ XSks∏SpØp∂Xpw sI Fkv C _nbpsS {]Xnk‘n aq¿—n∏n-°p∂-Xpambncn°psa∂v {]tXyIw ]dtb≠Xn√. DØa hnizmk-tØmsS Hcp `cWm[nImcn ssIs°m≈p∂ CØcw Xocpam\߃ AgnaXnbmsW∂v hymJym\n°m\mhn√. emhven≥ Icmdns\°pdn®v C _mem\µ≥ Xs‚ A`n{]mbw hy‡ambn tcJs∏SpØnbn´p≠v. At±lw acWs∏Sp∂Xn\v GXm≠v Hcph¿jw apºv ssIcfn Sn hn °v \¬Inb A`napJØn¬ Cßs\ ]d™p: GXp IΩn‰n dnt∏m¿´pw X≈mt\m sIm≈mt\m D≈ AhImiw Khs◊‚n\p≠v. Ct∏mgsØ bYm¿Y\ne hnPb≥ hnhcn-®n´p≠v. ]gb Khs◊‚ns‚ Icmdn¬\n∂v Ducnt∏mcm≥ Ignbpam-bncp∂n√. \nba]camb _m[yX sh®pw ASnb-¥-cambn sshZypXn D≠m-t°≠ Bhiyw sh®pamWv F¬ Un F^v Kh-s◊‚ v {ian®Xv. Ahcp≠m°nb Icm¿ \S∏m°m-Xncp∂m¬ \nba-\S]SnIƒ°v km[yXbps≠∂mbncp∂p \nbtam]tZiw. Cu kml-NcyØn¬ hyhÿIfn¬ NneXv ]cnjvIcn®v ]≤Xn \S∏m°m-\mWv F¬ Un F^v Khs◊‚ v {ian®Xv. CXp kw_‘n®v Bt£]-߃ ]dbp-∂Xv \ymba√. CXv F¬ Un F^v Khs◊‚ns‚ Ip‰am-sW∂v hymJym\n°p∂Xv kz¥w DØchmZnXzØn¬\n∂v Hgn™p amdm-\p≈ bp Un F^v {iaamWv . ImcWan√mØ Btcm]Ww

100 tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv
D∂bn°pIbmWv. CXv ]pIad krjvSn°m\p≈ {iaamWv. -Pn Im¿Øn-tI-b≥ XpS-ßn-sh® {Inan-\¬ KqVm-temN\ I≠p]n-Sn®p X≈n-∏-d-™n√ F∂XmtWm ]n-W-dmbnhnP-bs‚ ta¬ Btcm-]n°p∂ Ip‰w? F¶n¬ Fßs\ At±-lsØ H‰-Xn-cn®v {]Xnbm-°m-\mIpw? CXn-\p≈ kq{X∏Wnbmbncp∂p C _mem-\-µ≥ dnt∏m¿-´ns\ D]tbmKn®v \SØnb D]Pm]߃. ]n Fkv ]n ]≤XnIƒ em-hvens\ G¬∏n°p∂Xv ]nWdmbn hnPb≥ a{¥nbmIp∂Xn\v F-{Xtbm apºmsW∂v Icm¿ kw_‘n® tcJIƒ XpS°w apX¬ ([mc-Wm]{Xw) ]cntim[n°p∂ GsXmcp km[mcW°mc\pw t_m-[y-s∏Spw. At∏mƒ CXn¬ GsX¶nepw XcØnep≈ KqVm-tem-N\-tbm AgnaXntbm Ip‰IrXyßtfm Hfn™pInS∏ps≠¶n¬ AXn-s‚ Xp-S°w ]nWdmbn hnPb\pta¬ Btcm]n°m≥ Ign-bp-Ibn√. ]t£, kn _n sF ap≥\n›b{]Imcw tIm¨{Kkns‚ cmjv{Sob e-£yw \ndth‰p∂-Xn\v ]nWdmbn hnPbs\ am{Xambn {]Xn-tN¿-°m≥ \S-Ønb KqVmtemN\bv°p≈ Bbp[ambmWv C _mem\µ≥ IΩn‰n dnt∏m¿´ns\ D]tbmKs∏SpØnbXv. Xncph©q¿ cm[mIr-jvW-s‚ teJ\w km[qIcn°p∂Xv CXmWv. CXn\v kn _n sF ]dbp∂ `mjyw Gsd hnNn{XamWv. kºq¿-W \hoIcWØn\v ]Icw A‰Ip‰ {]h¿Ø\߃ Ipd-™ XpI-bv°v \SØnbm¬ aXnsb∂ \nco£Ww kzoIcn-®ncp-∂p-sh-¶n¬ t_m¿Un\v \jvSw hcns√∂v Ahcpw hymJym\n°p∂p. kºq¿-W \hoIcWw Hgnhm°n A‰Ip‰∏WnIƒ am{Xw sNøp∂Xv ]≤Xn-IfpsS D¬∏mZ\£aXsb tZmjIcambn _m[n°pw. 1997se s]mXp\ne]mSv ]n¬°meØv A´nadn°s∏´v A‰Ip‰∏WnIƒ am{Xta Bhiyap≈qsh∂v kn _n sFbpw tIm¨{Kkpw am[ya-ßfpw \n mch¬°cn®Xv F{X hnZ-Kv[-am-bn-´mWv! Cßs\bmWv Im¿ØntIbs\ kwc£n®v ]nWdmbn hnPbs\am{Xw {]Xnbm-°nbXv. C _mem\µ≥ IΩn‰n dnt∏m¿´nse tIhew Nne ]cma¿i-߃ D]tbmKs∏SpØn bp Un F^v ImeØv Dd∏n® IcmdpIsf√mw \n¿hocyam°m≥ k¿°mcn\v \nba]cambn Ignbpambncp∂ns√∂v kn _n sF I≠tXbn√! Im¿ØntIbs\ kwc£n°Wsa∂ tIm¨{Kkns‚ cmjv{Sobmhiyw kn _n sF Cu hgnbneqsS \ndth‰n.

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥

s`√ns‚ Hm^¿
\qdp-tImSn cq]bv°v ]n Fkv ]n \hoIcW{]h¿Ø\w Gs‰Sp-°m≥ s`¬ Xbm-dm-bn-cp∂psh∂ s]cpw\pWbpw {]N-cn-∏n-°-s∏´p. \hoIcWw Gs‰Sp°Wsa∂ Bhiyw s`√n\p ap∂n-se-ØpItbm s`¬ AXn¬ ]T\w \S-Øp-Itbm sNbvXn-´n-√. Cß-s\-sbmcp \n¿tZiw t_m¿-Unt\m k¿°m-cnt\m s`¬ ka¿∏n-®n-´pan√.

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

101

1996-˛2001 a{¥n-k`m Imew tkhv kn ]n Fw t^md-Øns‚ Imew IqSn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. emhven≥ hnhmZØns‚ D¬∏mZ\Øn¬ tkhv kn ]n Fw t^md°m¿°v henb ]¶p-≠v. Cu a{¥n-k`m ImeØv sI F-kv -sF -Un kn sNb¿am\pw hyh-kmb a{¥n kpioem tKm]mes‚ D]-tZ-jvSm-hp-am-bn-cp∂ sI hnP-b-N-{µs\ 1998 ¬ ]m¿´n-bn¬ \n∂v ]pd-Øm-°n. kn sF- Sn bp t\Xm-hm-bn-cp∂ hn _n sNdnbms\ 1999 ¬ ]m¿´n-bn¬\n∂v ]pd-Øm-°n. sNdn-bm\pw hnP-b-N{µ\pw Hc®pX≠m-bmWv ]n∂oSv {]h¿Øn-®-Xv. s`√ns‚ Hm^dns\°pdn®v at\mca- b n- e mWv BZy]cma¿iap≠mbsX¶nepw 2005 Pqembn¬ ]mkvsse≥ _nkn-\kv amK-kn-\n¬ h∂ "ae-_m¿ Im≥k¿ sk-‚¿ Hm¿ InIv-_m°v?' F∂ hnP-b-N-{µs‚ teJ-\amWv CtX-°pdn®p≈ BZysØ "B[nImcnI' {]kvXmh\. \mb-\m¿ k¿°m¿ A[n-Im-c-Øn¬ h∂-Xn\v ]n∂mse ]n Fkv ]n Icm¿ apt∂m´p sIm≠p-t]m-Im≥ k¿°m-¿ {ian-°p-tºmƒ Xm\pw kwÿm\ Bkq-{XW t_m¿Unse Du¿P-Np-a-X-e-bp-≈ AwK-amb Fw sI kmw_-aq¿Øn-bp-ambn tN¿∂v s`√p-ambn _‘-s∏-´p-sh∂v hnP--bN-{µ≥ Cu teJ-\-Øn¬ AhImis∏Sp∂p. Hm¿abn¬ \ns∂m-cp XpIbpw teJ\Øn¬ D≤cn°p∂p≠v. s`√ns‚ Hm^¿ kw_‘n®v Hcp tcJbpans√∂v A¿Yw. s`¬ \qdp-tImSn cq]bv°v ]n Fkv ]n ]≤-Xn-Iƒ \S-∏m°m≥ Xbm-dm-bn-cp∂p F∂ hmZØns‚ Htcsbmcp sXfnhv hnP-b-N-{µs‚ Cu Ipdn-∏m-Wv. CXmWv hnhm-ZØns‚ a¿a _nµp-hmbn ]n∂oSv amdn-b-Xv. s`¬ kw_-‘n® ]cm-a¿i-Øns‚ as‰mcp t{kmXkv ]n Fkv ]n sshZypXn ]≤XnIfpsS \hoIcWw kw_‘n®v kwÿm\ Bkq{XW t_m¿Uns‚ sshZypXnbpsS ÃnbdnMvIΩn‰n dnt∏m¿´mWv. s`√ns\ D]tbmKs∏SpØn `mKnIamb \hoIcWw th-Ww F∂v Cu dnt∏m¿´v A`n{]mbs∏´ncp∂p. F∂m¬, \qdptImSn cq]bv°v s`¬ Cu {]hrØn sNømsa∂v G‰Xmbn Cu dnt∏m¿´v ]dbp∂n√. \qdp tImSn cq] hIbncptØ≠-XmWv F∂mWv kanXn ]d™Xv. ]n Fkv ]n \hoIcWw \SØWsa∂v s`√nt\mSv Bcpw Bhiys∏´n´n√, AtX∏‰n s`¬ ]Tn®n´n√, \qdp tImSn cq]bv°v \hoIcWw \SØmsa∂v s`¬ G‰n´n√, AXp kw_-‘n®v tcJ-Ifpan√ F∂ RßfpsS \ne]mSv Ct∏mgpw tNmZyw sNøs∏SmsX \n¬°p∂p. a\knemt°≠ Imcyw ]≤Xn Xbmdm°p∂Xn\pth≠n Xbmdm°p∂ πm\nMv t_m¿Uns‚ ÃnbdnMv IΩn‰n dnt∏m¿´pIƒ k¿°mcn\v ka¿∏n°mdn√. AXv πm\nMv t_m¿Uns‚ hniIe-\Øn\mbpff tcJIfmWv. AXpsIm≠v CØcsamcp \n¿tZiw k¿°m¿ X≈n°f™p F∂v ]dbp∂Xn¬ A¿Yan√. πm\nMv t_m¿UmIs´, HºXmw ]≤Xn°v cq]w\¬Inbt∏mƒ `mKnIamb \hoIcWØn\√, kºq¿W\hoIcWØn\mWv ]Ww hIbncp-ØnbXv.

102 tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥

12 B 86 tImSn cq] Xpe-®Xmcv? tcJ-Ifn-eqsS Hc-t\zjWw ae-_m¿ Im≥k¿ sk‚-dn\v e`nt°≠ 86 tImSn cq] \jvSs∏´Xns‚ DØ-c-hm-ZnØw ]nW-dmbn hnP-b-\n¬ Npa-Øp-tºmƒ sXfn-bp-∂Xv kn_n-sF- At\z-j-W-Øns‚ cmjv{So-b -em-°m-Wv. Hcp Imcyw hy‡am°s´. ]n Fkv ]n \ho-I-cW Icm-dns‚ {]Xn^eamb√ 98 tImSn-bpsS hntZi [\-k-lmbw-sIm≠v \n¿an-°m≥ Xocp-am-\n® ae-_m¿ Im≥k¿ sk‚¿. Icm¿ {]-Imcw emhen≥hgn hmßp∂ hntZi km[-\-km-a-{Kn-IfpsS hne 131 tImSn cq]-bmWv. CXn\p {]Xn^eambn 98- tImSn cq]bpsS {Km‚ v Bcpw Xcpsa∂ hmZw hnizk\oba√. ]n Fkv ]n \ho-I-cW ]≤Xn kw_-‘n®v k¿°m¿ Cd-°nb hni-Z-amb DØ-c-hn¬ Hcn-S-Øp-t]mepw C°mcyw ]cma¿in°p∂n√. Im¿Øn-tI-b-\p-≠m-°nb Fw -H -bp-hntem ASnÿm\ Icm-dntem ]nW-dmbn hnP-bs‚ ImeØv H∏n´ A-\p--_‘Icm-dntem CXp-kw-_-‘n®v ]cm-a¿i-ßfn-√. ]ns∂ Fßs\bmWv ae-_m¿ Im≥k¿ sk‚¿ Bhn¿`hn®Xv?
ae_m¿ Im≥k¿ sk‚¿ F∂ Bi-b-Øns‚ Bhn¿`mhw
1996 s^{_phcnbn¬ emhven\pambn ASnÿm\ Icm¿ H∏n´ tijw am¿®v 14 \v A∂sØ sshZypXn a{¥n Pn Im¿Øn-tI-b≥ Iº-\n°b® IØv C°mcyw Ak-∂n-Kv[-ambn hy‡-am-°p-∂p-≠v. (Cu IØv C¥ym- SptU hmcnI ˛ 2009, Pqsse 10 ˛ {]kn-≤o-I-cn®n´p≠v). ]f-fn-hm-k¬, sN¶p-fw, ]∂n-bm¿ ]≤-Xn-I-fpsS ]p\-cp≤m-cWw kw_-‘n® t{]mP-IvSp-ambn _‘-s∏-´v knU (Canada International Development Agency -CIDA)bn¬ \n∂v klmbw A`y¿∞n-°p-Ibpw Xß-fpsS ap≥K-W\, Bip-]-{Xn, sSIv\n-°¬

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

103

1996 am¿®v 3 \v Pn Im¿Øn-tI-b≥ emhven≥ sshkv {]kn-U‚ v t¢mkv s{S≥U-en\v Ab® IØv

s{Sbn-\nwKv tImf-Pv, hm´¿ {So‰vsa‚ v πm‚ v, IpSn-sh-ff ]≤-Xn, tdmUv ]p\-cp-≤m-cWw F∂n-h-bv°mWv F∂v Cu IØn-eqsS Im¿Øn-tIb≥ hy‡-am-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. ]nWdmbn hnPb\pw DtZymKÿkwLhpw \SØnb Im\U kµ¿i-\-th-f-bn¬ Ip‰ymSn ]≤Xn°p≈ hmbv] e`yam°p∂Xv

104 tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv
kw_‘n®pw N¿®Iƒ \S∂p. ae-_m-dnse sshZypXn hnX-c-Wirw-Je sa®-s∏-Sp-Øm-\p≈ hntZ-i-k-lmbØns‚ hn\n-tbm-K-sØ°p-dn®pw Cu tbmKØn¬ N¿®bp≠mbn. ae-_m-dn¬ AXy-¥m-[p\nI Im≥k¿ Bip-]{Xn ÿm]n-°p-∂-Xn\v hntZiklmbw e`yam-°p-∂-Xn\v X߃ ]cn-{i-an-°m-sa∂v Cu kµ¿`ØnemWv BZyambn emhven≥ \n¿tZ-in-°p-∂-Xv. 1996 am¿®nse Pn Im¿ØntIbs‚ A`y¿Y\tbmSp≈ {]XnIcWw IqSnbmbncp∂p Cu \n¿tZiw. ]n Fkv ]n Icmdns‚ `mKamb√, adn®v Ahcpambn CSp°n ]≤Xn \n¿hlW kabØpXs∂ Bcw`n® Zo¿LIme_‘w ap≥\n¿Ønbm-bn-cp∂p Ah-cn-Xn\p kΩ-Xn-®-Xv. emhven≥ Iº\n t\cn´v [\klmbw e`yam°msa∂√, adn®v Im\Ubnse k¿°m¿ GP≥knIfn¬ \n∂S°w ]Ww kamlcn®v Bip]{Xn ÿm]n°m-sa∂mbn-cp∂p hmKvZm\w. ae-_m¿ Im≥k¿ sk‚¿ ]p\-cp-≤mcW-°-cmdns‚ `mK-am-°n-bn√ F∂ hna¿i\w Xo¿Øpw ASn-ÿm\clnXamIp∂Xv AXpsIm≠mWv. ae-_m¿ Im≥k¿ sk‚-¿ \n¿Ωm-W-Øn-\p-ff [mc-Wm-]{Xw (Fw-H-bp) 1998 G{]n¬ 24\v H∏p-sh-®p. AXns‚ hIp∏v 3 (F)-bn¬ Cßs\ ]d-™n-cp-∂p. arrange the financing for the project through the establishing of a financing structure, negotiations with donors and financial institutions, preparation of documentation, closure and disbursement. klm- b - Z m- X m- ° - f p- w kmº- Ø nIZmXm- ° - f p- a mbn \S- Ø p∂ N¿®bpw Bi-b-hn-\n-a-bhpw hgn krjvSn-°p∂ kmº-Øn-I-kwhn[m-\-ß-fn-eqsS ]≤-Xn-bv°pth≠ ^n\m≥knwKv G¿s∏-SpØpw F∂mWv hyh-ÿ. Bip-]-{XnbpsS t{]mPIvSv dnt∏m¿´v, Unssk≥ F∂n-h-bp-sSsbms° Npa-Xe G¬°m-sa∂pw emh-ven≥ kΩ-Xn-®ncp-∂p. ae-_m¿ Im≥k¿ sk‚-dn\v F¥p-sIm≠v BZyta ss_≥UnwKv Icm¿ D≠m-°n-bn√ F∂ Btcm-]Ww Ahm-kvX-h-am-sW∂v Icm-dnse Cu `mKw sXfn-bn-°p-∂p-≠v. ]Ww \¬Im≥ Xøm-dp-ff Im\- U - b nse hnhn[ GP≥kn- I - f p- a mbn [mc- W - b p- ≠ m- ° msX A¥na Icm¿ D≠m-°m≥ Ign-bp-am-bn-cp-∂n-√. B Icm¿ \ne-hn¬ hcp-∂-Xp-hsc [mc-Wm-]{Xw \ne-\n¬°p-sa∂v hy‡-ambn hyhÿ sNbvXn-cp-∂p. CXp ad-®p-sh-®mWv ss_≥UnMv Icmdn\p ]Icw [mc-Wm]{Xwam{Xw H∏n-´Xv KqVmtemN\bmsW∂v am[yaßfpw D]Pm]Icpw {]N-cn-∏n®Xv. ae_m¿ Im≥k¿ sk‚¿ ÿm]n°p∂Xn\v H∏n´ [mc-Wm-]-{X-Øn¬ Im\Ubnse k¿°m¿ GP≥knIfn¬ \n∂S°w ]Ww kamlcn®v Bip]{Xn ÿm]n-°msa∂ AhcpsS

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

105

hmKvZm\w tcJs∏SpØnbn´p-≠v. emhven≥ \¬Inb hmKvZm\w AtX]Sn Hcp [mcWm]{XØn¬ kXyk-‘-ambn FgpXnt®¿ØXv Fßs\bmWv KqVmtemN\bmhpI? Cu [mcWm]{Xa\pkcn®v 180 Znh-k-Øn-\p-≈n¬ Hu]-Nm-cn-I-amb Icm-dp-≠m-°m-sa-∂m-bncp∂p hyhÿ. 180 Znh-k-߃ Ign-™n´pw Hu]-Nm-cn-I-amb Icm-dn-se-Ønt®-¿∂n√. [mc-Wm-]{XØnse hyh-ÿ-b-\p-k-cn®p Xs∂ D`-b-kΩX{]Imcw Icm-dns‚ Imem-h[n aq∂p-am-k-tØbv°p IqSn \o´n. 1998 HIvtSm-_¿ 5 \mWv [mc-Wm-]{Xw ]pXp-°n-b-Xv. 1998 HIvtSm_¿ 19 \v ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ sshZyp-Xn-a{¥n ÿm\w Hgn-bp-Ibpw sNbvXp. XpS¿∂v `cWta‰ sshZypXn a{¥n-am¿ 2002 am¿®phsc [mc-Wm-]{Xw D`-b-k-Ω-X-{]-Imcw ]pXp-°n-bn-cp-∂p.

{Km‚p Xcm-sa∂p ]d™p ]ndtI \S-∂n´pw B´n-∏m-bn-®Xv Bcv?
[mc-Wm-]-{X-Ønse c≠p kp{]-[m\ hyh-ÿ-Iƒ Xmsg ]dbp-∂p.
1. The MOU sets forth the entire understanding between Kerala and SLI and shall not be modified except by mutual written agreement. 2. The MOU shall remain in force and effect until a formal Agreement for the endeavours is executed by Kerala and SLI, unless Kerala or SLI serves written notice that it proposes to terminate it. Such written notice will be given three months in advance of the proposed date of termination.

D`-b-k-Ω-X-{]-Im-cw tcJm-aq-e-ap-≠m-°p∂ Icm-dn-eqsS-b-√msX tIc-fhpw Fkv-F≥kn emh-en-\p-ambn FØn-t®¿∂ [mc-W-I-fn¬ am‰w- h-cn-I-bn-s√∂pw Hu]-Nm-cn-I-amb Icm¿ \ne-hn¬ hcp-∂-Xphsc [mc-Wm-]-{Xw \ne-\n¬°p-sa∂pw Icm-dn¬ \n∂v ]n≥hm-ßW-sa¶n¬ tIc-ftam emh-ent\m aq∂p-am-ksØ ap≥Iq¿ t\m´okv tcJmaqew \¬I-W-sa-∂p-sams° [mc-Wm-]-{X-Øn¬ hy‡-amb hyh- ÿ - I - f p- ≠ m- b n- c p- ∂ p. [mc- W m- ] - { X- Ø n¬ kΩ- X n- ® n- c p- ∂ - X pt]mse tcJm-aq-e-apff Icmdn-se-Øn-t®-cm≥ _‘-s∏´ I£nIƒ {ian-®n-cpt∂m F∂m-Wv ASp-Ø-Xmbn ]cn-tim-[n-t°-≠-Xv. ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ a{¥n-]-Z-sam-gn™v c≠p-h¿j-Øn-\p-tijw ""ss_≥UnwKv'' Icm-dns‚ IcSv Fkv-F≥kn emhv-en≥ Xøm-dm°n k¿°m-cn\p ka¿∏n-®n-cp-∂p. [\-k-lmbw kam-l-cn®p \¬Imsa∂p kΩ-Xn-®-bmƒ, AXp sNøm-sa∂p kΩ-Xn-°p∂ tcJm-aq-eap-ff Icm-dn\p th≠n {ian-®p. ]Ww kzoI-cn-°m-\p-f-f-bmƒ, AXp-

106 tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv
hm-ßn-sb-Sp-°m\pff _m[y-X \nd-th-‰n-tbm, Cs√-¶n¬ Bcm-bn-cp∂p AXns‚ DØ-c-hm-Zn-Iƒ, F¥m-bn-cp∂p Ah-cpsS e£yw XpS-ßnb Imcy-߃ ]cn-tim-[n-t°-≠-Xp-≠v. Hc-t\z-jW GP≥kn-bpsS [¿aam-W-Xv. AXp kn_nsF ]cn-tim-[nt®m F∂p t\m°mw. 2000 sabv 13\mWv A¥na Icm- d ns‚ IcSv emhen≥ {]Xn\n[nIƒ k¿°m-cn\p ka¿∏n-®Xv. Ic-Sn¬ Bdmw hIp-∏n-emWv Icm-dns‚ Imem-h[n \n¿h-Nn-®n-cp-∂-Xv. Bip-]-{Xn-bv°p-th≠ [\k-lmbw ]q¿W-ambn e`n-°p-∂Xp hsc-tbm, c≠n-sem-cmƒ ]m∏-cmhp-Itbm sNøpw hsc Icm¿ \ne-\n¬°p-sa∂v hy‡-amb \n_‘\ AXn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. (This Agreement shall remain in effect until any of the following occurs: The financing is fully secured for the Hospital, ii) If one of the Parties becomes bankrupt of insolvent...). ]Ww kam-l-cn®p \¬Im≥ Xøm-dm-sW∂ emh-ens‚ kΩXamWv CXn¬ ImWm-\m-hp-I. Ic-Snse hyh-ÿ-Ifn¬ IqSp-X¬ hy‡X Bh-iy-ap-s≠-¶n¬ A°mcyw Ah-cp-ambn N¿® sNbvXv F{Xbpw thKw ]Ww kam-l-cn®p \¬Ip-∂-Xn\v Ahsc \nb-a-]-c-ambn _m[yÿ-am-°p∂ Icm-dn¬ G¿s∏-Sp-Øp-I-bmWv tIcf k¿°m¿ sNtø≠n-bn-cp-∂Xv. ]Ww In´m\p-ffXv k¿°m-cn-\m-Wv. AXn-\m¬ F{Xbpw thKw AXp sNtø-≠Xv k¿°m-cns‚ IS-a-bm-Wv. ]t£, Cu IcSv AwKo-I-cn-°p∂-Xnepw, AXnse hyh-ÿ-Ifn¬ A`n-{]m-b-hy-Xym-k-ap-s≠-¶n¬ A°mcyw emhv-en-\p-ambn N¿® sNbvXv IqSp-X¬ hy‡X hcp-Øp∂-Xn-ep-sams° Kpcp-X-camb Aew`m-h-amWv bpUn-F^v k¿°m¿ ImWn-®-Xv. IcSv ka¿∏n-®-Xn-\ptijw Ht´sd XhW ae-_m¿ Im≥k¿ sk‚-dns‚ Cwπn-sa-t‚j≥ IΩn‰n tbmKw tN¿∂p. a{¥n-amcpw emhv-en≥ {]Xn-\n-[n-Ifpw DtZym-Kÿ {]ap-J-cp-sams° B tbmK-Øn¬ ]s¶-Sp-Øp. A¥na Icm-dn-\p-th≠n \S-]-Sn-{I-a-߃ A\n-›n-X-ambn \ofp∂ Imcyw Cu tbmK-ß-fnsems° emh-ven≥ {]Xn-\n-[n-Iƒ D∂-bn-®p. F{Xbpw s]s´∂v Icm¿ D≠m-°p-∂-Xns‚ A\n-hm-cyX Ah¿ hni-Zo-I-cn-®p. ]t£, Icm-dp-≠m°n ]Ww kzoI-cn-°m≥ k¿°m-cns‚ `mK-Øp\n∂v Hcp \S-]-Sn-bp-ap-≠m-bn-√. 2001 sk]vXw-_¿ 4\v tN¿∂ -tbm-K-Øns‚ an\n´vkv ]cn-tim-[n®m¬ [\-k-lmbw \¬Ip-∂Xn¬ emh-vens‚ kao-]-\-sa¥v F∂p hy‡-am-Ipw. tIc-f-hp-ambn Zo¿L-Im-e-ambn XpS-cp∂ \√ _‘Øns‚ ]›m-Ø-e-Øn¬ Bip-]{Xn \n¿amWw X߃ ]q¿Øn-bm°pI Xs∂ sNøp-sa∂v B tbmK-Øn¬ emh-ven≥ ko\n-b¿ sshkv {]kn-U‚ v em≥kv Fkv. tlmhm¿Uv Dd-∏n®p ]d-™p. A¥na Icm-dns‚ IcSv Zo¿L-\m-fmbn k¿°m-cns‚ ]cn-K-W-\bnemsW∂pw A¥na Icm¿ knU-bpsS ap∂n¬ ka¿∏n-t°≠ {][m-\-tc-J-bm-

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

107

sW∂pw At±lw tbmKsØ Adn-bn®p. emhven≥ Icm-dp-ambn _‘-s∏´v am[y-a-߃ Db¿Øn-s°m-≠ph∂ hnhm-Z-Øns‚ ]›m-Ø-e-Øn-emWv em≥kv Fkv. tlmhm¿Uv emh-ens‚ {]Xn-_-≤X Adn-bn-®-Xv. Hcp ]{X-dn-t∏m¿´v At±lw tbmK-Øn\p apºmsI ka¿∏n-®p-sh∂v an\p-Svkn¬ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Ønbn-´p-≠v. am[y-a-dnt∏m¿´p-Iƒ D≠m-°nb Ah-aXn X߃ adn-I-S°p-sa∂pw ]≤-Xn-bpsS ]q¿Øo-I-c-W-Øn\v Fkv-F≥kn emh-en≥ sNbvX tkh-\-߃ hy‡-am-°p∂ IØv ae-_m¿ Im≥k¿ sk‚dns‚ sNb¿am-≥ knUbv°v Ab-bv°-W-sa∂pw B tbmK-Øn¬ At±lw A`y¿∞n-®p. ]t£, k¿°m-cns‚ Aew-`mhØn\p am‰sam-∂p-ap-≠m-bn-√. XpS¿∂v 2001 Unkw-_¿ 5\v lmhm¿Uv apJy-a-{¥n F. sI. B‚Wn-bvs°-gp-Xnb IØnepw A¥na Icm-dns‚ A\n-hm-cyX Hm¿Ωn-∏n-®p. B IØn¬\n-s∂mcp `mKw D≤-cn-°-s´, Formalise the participation of SNC-Lavalin. The original agreement between the Malabar Cancer Centre Society and SNC – Lavlin did not anticipate that SNC – Lavlin would actually advance its own funds for the construction of the hospital. Therefore, the current MOU is no longer a sufficient instrument, and a draft Agreement has been waiting for signature for over a year. We strongly believe that this Agreement would make it easier for Government of Kerala, the Society, and SNC – Lavlin to co-operate in a transparent manner during the next phase of development. If there are any concern with the draft Agreement, we would be pleased to consider improvements." Ic-Snse hyh-ÿ-Iƒ sa®-s∏-SpØm\p-ff k∂-≤X tcJm-aqew emhv-en≥ tIc-f-Øns‚ apJy-a-{¥nsb Adn-bn-®p. F∂n´pw hyh-ÿI-fn¬ hy‡X hcpØn Icm¿ bmYm¿∞y-am-°m≥ tIcf k¿°mcn\p Ign-™n-√. [mc-Wm-]{Xw d±m-b-Xn-\p-ti-jhpw A¥na Icm-dn-te¿s∏-Sm≥ X߃ Xøm-dm-sW∂v Fkv-F≥kn emhv-en≥ tIcf k¿°m-cns\ Adn-bn-®p. 2002 \hw-_¿ 14 \p tN¿∂ Cwπn-sa-t‚-j≥ IΩn‰n tbmKØn¬ tlmhm¿Uv Xs∂ C°mcyw hy‡-am-°n. IcSv Icm¿ Cu tbmKw hni-Z-ambn N¿® sNøp-Ibpw k¿°m¿ \n¿t±-in® t`Z-K-XnIƒ emhv-en≥ {]Xn-\n-[n-Iƒ AwKo-I-cn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. HutZymKn-I-ambn 2001 Unkw-_¿ 9\v [mc-Wm-]-{X-Øns‚ Imem-h[n Ahkm-\n-®n-cp-∂p. AXn-\p-tijw GXm≠v Hcp sIm√-Øn-\p-tijw

108 tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv
tN¿∂ tbmK-Øn¬ sh®v A¥na Icm-dn-te¿s∏-Sp-∂-Xn\p th≠n [mc-Wm-]{Xw Hcn-°¬°qSn ]pXp-°m\pw emhv-en≥ {]Xn-\n-[n-Iƒ kΩ-Xn-®p. A∂sØ tbmK-an-\n-´vkn¬ \n∂pw D≤-cn-°s´: "The validity of the Memorandum of Understanding expired on 09-12-2001 which has to be converted into a Memorandum of Agreement. The draft of the agreement is under the consideration of the Government of Kerala. In the meantime the validity of the MOU may further be extended". "The Committee discussed the final draft of the Agreement and decided to put up the same before the Government for approval. The Committee also decided to sign the agreement after approval of the Government. The verbal change suggested by the Government was accepted by the Senior Vice President of the SNC Lavalin Inc". A¥na Icm-dp-≠m-°p-∂-Xn¬ tIcf k¿°m-cns‚ `mKØp \n∂p am{X-amWv hogvN-bp-≠m-bXv F∂-Xns‚ kzbw-kw-km-cn-°p∂ sXfn-hp-I-fm-Wn-h. 2000- Øn¬ ka¿∏n® IcSp Icm-dn-t∑¬ c≠ph¿jw AS-bn-cp-∂ tij-amWv Ic-Sp hyh-ÿ-I-fnse hm°p-I-sf°p-dn-®p-ff FXn¿∏v k¿°m¿ HutZym-Kn-I-ambn emh-ens\ Adn-bn®-Xv. k¿°m¿ \n¿t±-in® am‰-ß-sf√mw tbmK-Øn¬ kw_-‘n® emh-en≥ ko\n-b¿ sshkv {]kn-U‚ v AwKo-I-cn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. ]t£, F∂n´pw Icm¿ am{X-ap-≠m-bn-√. 2002 Unkw-_¿ 2\v tlmhm¿Uv ho≠pw apJy-a{¥n F. sI. B‚-Wnbv°v IsØ-gp-Xn. tdUntbm sXdm∏n sk‚¿ Hgn®v BZyL-´-Øn¬ hn`m-h\w sNbvXn-cp∂ apgp-h≥ ]Wnbpw ]q¿Øo-I-cn®p-sh∂pw BZyw [mc-W-bn-en-√m-Xn-cp∂ ªUv _m¶v IqSn X߃ \n¿an-®p-sh∂pw B IØn¬ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. sXm´-Sp-Ø-bmgvN-bmWv AXns‚ DZvLm-S-\-sa∂pw emh-en≥ sshkv {]kn-U‚ v apJy-a-{¥nsb Adn-bn-®p. ASn-b-¥-c-ambn A¥na Icm¿ H∏nS-Wsa∂v Bh¿Øn®v Bh-iy-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXp. 2002 Unkw-_dnse Cu IØn-\p-ti-j-sa-¶nepw A¥n-a-I-cm¿ D≠m-°n-bn-cp-∂p-sh-¶n¬ ae-_m¿ Im≥k¿ sk‚-dn\v emh-en≥ hmKvZm\w sNbvX [\-k-lmbw ]q¿W-ambpw e`n-°p-am-bn-cp-∂p. [mcWm-]{Xw \nb-a-]-c-ambn 2001 Unkw-_-dn¬ d±mbn F¶nepw ]n∂oSpw Ah¿ AXp ]pXp-°m≥ Xøm-dm-bn. AXn-\p-tijw Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ Ah-cpsS [\-k-lm-b-tØmsS ªUv _m¶v \n¿Ωn-®p. tdUntbm sXdm∏n sk‚¿ IqSn \n¿an-°m-\p-ff k∂-≤X Ah¿ Adn-bn-°p-

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

109

Ibpw sNbvXp. A¥na Icm-dn-√msX [mc-Wm-]{Xw \ne-\n∂ ka-bØpw [mcWm-]-{X-Øns‚ \nb-a-]-c-amb \ne-\n¬∏v C√m-Xm-b-Xn-\p-ti-jhpw emh-en≥ ae-_m¿ Im≥k¿ sk‚-dns‚ \n¿am-W-Øn\v ]Ww \¬Inbn-cp-∂p. km[y-amb thf-I-fn-sems° \nb-a-]-c-amb Icm-dn-\p-th≠n Ah¿ tIcf k¿°m-cn-t\mSv A£-cm¿∞-Øn¬ sI©n-t°-Wn-cp∂p. 2001-˛06 ImesØ bpUn-F^v a{¥n-k-`-bpsS Ime-ØmWv ae_m¿ Im≥k¿ sk‚-dn-\p-ff [\-k-lmbw A´n-a-dn-°-s∏-´-Xv. ]Ww hmKvZm\w sNbvX-hcmWv \nb-a-]-c-amb Icmdn\p-th≠n tIcf k¿°m-cns‚ ]pdsI \S-∂-Xv. Xß-fpsS k∂-≤X hy‡-am°n Ah¿ F. sI. B‚-Wnbv°v c≠p-X-hW IØ-b-®p. Hcp XhW t\cn¬ I≠pw A`y¿∞n-®p. ae-_m¿ Im≥k¿ sk‚-dns‚ \n¿am-W-Øn-\p-ff [mc-Wm-]{Xw Akm-[p-hm-b-Xn-s\-°p-dn®v knFPnbpsS \nco-£Ww Cß-s\-bmWv: The MOU has also not been renewed after March 2002 for reasons not on record. A¥na Icm-dn-te¿s∏-Sp-∂-Xn-\p-ff k∂-≤X emh-en≥ {]I-Sn-∏n-®n´pw Ah-cm¬ km[y-amb ]cn-{i-a-ß-sf√mw \SØn-bn´pw F¥p-sIm≠v A¥na Icm-dp-≠m-bn√ F∂-Xv C\nbpw ]pd-Øp-h-∂n´n-√. BcmWv Icm¿ A´n-a-dn-®Xv? F¥m-bn-cp∂p AhcpsS e£yw? 1998 HIvtSm-_¿ 19\v a{¥n-]-Z-sam-gn™ ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ Fß-s\-bmWv CXn-s\ms° DØ-c-hm-Zn-bm-Ip-∂Xv? Cu tNmZy-߃s°m∂pw kn_n-sF-bpsS At\z-jW dnt∏m¿´n¬ HcpØ-c-hp-an-√. cmjv{So-b-e-£y-tØmsS Ac-tß-dnbXmbn-cp∂p Cu At\z-jW \mSIsa∂-Xn\v C\nbpw sXfnhp thtWm? ae-_m¿ Im≥k¿ sk‚-dn\p e`n-t°-≠ [\-k-lmbw \jvSs∏-´-Xn¬ ]nW-dmbn hnP-b\v Hcp ]¶p-an-s√∂pw AXns‚ DØ-chm-Zn-Iƒ 2001 sabv amk-Øn¬ A[n-Im-c-ta‰ bpUn-F^v k¿°m¿ am{X-am-sW∂pw Cu tcJ-Iƒ Ak-µn-Kv[-ambn hy‡-am-°p-∂p. Bip- ] - { Xnbv ° v e`n- ° p- s a- ∂ p- d - ∏ p- ≠ m- b n- c p∂ [\- k - l mbw tIm¨{Kkv a{¥-nam¿ Xs∂ A´n-a-dn-® tijw Xß-fpsS sNm¬∏Snbv°p \n¬°p∂ At\z-jW GP≥kn-sb-s°m≠v AXns‚ DØc-hm-ZnØw ]nW-dmbn hnP-b-\n¬ sI´n-tb¬∏n-°pI-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Cu lo\-Ir-Xy-Øn\v s]mXp-kΩXn krjvSn-°m≥ am[y-a-߃ hgn {]NWvU-amb {]Nm-cW tImem-l-e-߃ Agn-®p-hn-´p. Kh¿Wsdt∏mepw cmjv{So-b-e-£y-Øn-\p-ff Icp-hm-°n. ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ Hcp Agna-Xn-t°-knse cmjvSob {]Xn-∏-´n-I-bn¬ D≠m-I-W-sa∂Xvv tIm¨{Kkns‚ cmjv{So-b-Xo-cp-am-\-am-bn-cp-∂p. AXp km[q-I-cn-°m-\p-ff Ir{Xna-sØ-fn-hp-Ifpw Imc-W-ßfpw Fgp-Xn-Ø-øm-dm-°pI am{X-am-bn-cp∂p kn_n-sF-bpsS Npa-X-e. ae-_m¿ Im≥k¿ sk‚-dn-\p- hmKvZm\w

110 tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv
sNø-s∏´ [\-k-lmbw -A´n-a-dn-®-hsc Ccp-´n-tebv°p am‰n-\n¿Øn, AXn¬ cmjv{So-b-amtbm `c-W-]-c-amtbm Hcp ]¶p-an-√m-Ø ]nWdmbn hnP-bs\ A]-cm-[n-bm-°p∂ Ip‰-]{Xw kn_nsF sa\-™Xv B Npa-X-e-bpsS \n¿h-l-W-am-Wv. Cu Iff-°fn P\-߃°p apºmsI Xpd∂p ImWn°m\p-ff cmjv{So-b-t]m-cm-´-am-Wv, emh-en≥ tIkns\ cmjv{So-b-ambn t\cnSpw F∂ kn]n-sF-F-Ωns‚ {]Jym]-\w. FwHbp 2003˛HmSpIqSn C¥ybpw Im\Ubpw XΩn¬ [\klmbw kzoIcn°p∂Xn\p≈ D`bI£n DSºSnIƒ tI{µk¿°m¿ Ah-km\n∏n®p. C{]Imcw DSºSnIƒ Ahkm\n°p∂Xphsc \ne-hnep≈ IcmdpIsf ASnÿm\s∏SpØn am{Xta Im\Ubn¬\n∂v [\klmbw kzoIcn°mhq F∂v \nPs∏SpØpIbpw sNbv X p. 2004 s^{_phcn 4\v A∂sØ Du¿PhIp∏v sk{I´dn enkn tP°-_n\v A∂sØ sshZypXn a{¥n BcymS≥ aplΩZn\pw Ab® I- Ø n¬ It\Unb≥ ssl°aojW¿ C°mcyw AkµnKv[ambn hy‡-am-°n-bn-´p-≠v. [mcWm]{Xwt]mepw Akm[phm°n hogvN-hcpØnb bp Un F^v k¿°m¿ \nehnen√mØ Icmdns‚ t]cn¬ [\-klmbw Bhiys∏´v ]cnlmkycmhpIbpw sNbvXp.

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥

Ip‰ymSn {Km‚pw knFPn \nco-£-Whpw
bp -Un -F^v `c-W-Im-eØv Icm-dp-≠mbncp∂ Ip‰ymSn FIvÃ≥j≥ ]≤Xnbn¬ ae-_m-dnse sshZypXnhnX-cW irwJe i‡ns∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xn-\p≈ 30 tImSn cq]bpsS {Km‚p-≠m-bn-cp∂p F∂mbn-cp∂p sh∏v. Cu 30 tImSn cq] sshZypXn t_m¿Un\v e`n-®n-´n√ F∂v kn F -PnbpsS HmUn‰v dnt∏m¿´n¬ ]cm-a¿iw h∂-Xn-s\-ØpS¿∂v sshZypXn t_m¿Uv emhen-s\-gpXn. CXns‚ adp-]-Sn- 2005 am¿®v 15\v h∂p: {Km‚n-\p-th≠n Hcp {]tXyI [mc-Wm-]{Xw C√m-bn-cp∂p. F√m D`-b-I£n hntZi [\-k-lm-b-ßfpw \¬Ip∂ kmºØnI Imcy- ß ƒ°p≈ hIp- ∏ p--a mbn Hcp [mc- W - b p- ≠ m°nbn´p≠v. ap≥Im-eØv C¥ybpw Im\-U-bp-ambn D≠m-°nb 3.6- tImSn It\-Un-b≥ tUmf¿ sNe-hm-ImsX _m°n-bp≈ ]Ww sI -F-kv -C -_n-bpsS hnX-cWirwJe i‡n-s∏-Sp-Øp∂-Xn-\p-th-≠n-bp≈ {Km‚mbn D]-tbm-Kn-°mw... knU (It\Unb≥ hntZi klmb GP≥kn)-bpsS {Km‚p-I-sf√mw tkh-\ßtfm D]- I - c - W - ß tfm Bbn- ´ mWv \¬IpI. Hcn- ° epw Imimbn \¬Imdn-√. \S-∏m-°p∂ GP≥kn-h-gn Nm\-sse-kv

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

111

sNøp-I-bmWv ]Xn-hv. sshZyp-Xn-t_m¿Un\v t\cn´v ]Ww ssIam-dp-∂-Xn\v Hcp [mc-Wtbm Icmtdm C√. Npcp-°-Øn¬, bp -Un -F-^ns‚ ImeØp \¬Inb [\-k-lmb-Øn\v ss_≥UnMv F{Kn-sa‚ v t]mbn´v [mc-Wm-]-{Xw-t]mepw D≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. F∂m¬ ae-_m¿ Im≥k¿ sk‚¿ kw_-‘n®v [mc-Wm-]{Xw H∏n-Sp-Ibpw A¥na Icm¿ H∏n-Sm-\p-≈ hgnsbmcp-°pIbpw sNbvXXv ]nW-dmbn hnP-b-\m-Wv. CXv ]q¿Øo-I-cn-°p-∂-Xn¬ hogvN hcp-Øn-bXv bpUn-F-^m-Wv. [mc-Wm-]{Xw em]vkm-sb-¶nepw [mc-W-b-\p-k-cn®v Im≥k¿ Bip-]-{Xn°v hntZiklmbw kam-l-cn®v e`y-am-°msa∂v Ah¿ bp -Un -F-^v k¿°m-cn-s\ Hu]-Nm-cn-I-ambn Adn-bn-°pIbpw sNbvXn´p-≠v. ]t£, Bip-]{Xn kw_-‘n®v Db¿∂p-h∂ hnhm-Z-߃ ]Ww kam-l-cn-°p-∂-Xn\v _p≤nap´p≠m-°p∂Xn\m¬ sNbvXn-S-tØmfw Imcy-ßsf A`n-\-µn-®p-sIm≠v Hcp IØv Ab-®p-sIm-Sp-°Ww F∂h¿ apJy-a-{¥n-tbmSv Bhiys∏´p. AXv sNbvXv klmbw t\Sn ae_m¿ Im≥k¿ sk‚¿ bmYm¿Yyam°m≥ bp Un F^v k¿°m¿ Xømdmbn√. Hcp Imcyw IqSn taep-≤-cn® emh-ens‚ IØn¬ \n∂v hy‡am-Wv. ae-_m¿ Im≥k¿ sk‚-dp-ambn _‘-s∏´ hnhm-Z-Øn¬ ho≠pw ho≠pw Db¿∂p-h∂ Hcm-tcm-]Ww Bip-]-{Xnbv°v F¥psIm≠v t\cn´v ]Ww emh-en≥ \¬In-bn√ F∂-Xm-Wv. X∂ 12 tImSn cq]bpw sSIv\n-°m-enb hgn-bm-W-t√m. It\Un-b≥ hntZi klmb GP≥kn-bpsS {Km‚p-I-sf√mw tkh-\-ßtfm D]-I-c-W-ßtfm Bbn\S-∏m-°p∂ GP≥kn-h-gn Nm\-sse-kv sNøp-I-bmWv ]Xn-hv F∂v Cu IØv hy‡-am-°p-∂p-≠v. Ip‰ym-Sn-bpsS Imcy-Ønepw CXp-Xs∂-bm-bn-cp∂p ÿnXn.

emh-en≥ tIkn¬ at\m-ca ]d™ GI kXyw
emh-en≥ A]-hmZ IY-I-fpsS {]N-c-W-Øn¬ G‰hpw ap∂n¬ \n∂v ]nW-dmbn hnP-bs\ \oN-ambn B{I-an® at\m-c-abv°p t]mepw Adn-bm-am-bn-cp-∂p, Im≥k¿ sk‚-dn\pff [\-k-lmbw \jvS-s∏Sp-Øm≥ cmjv{Sobw Ifn-®Xv Bcm-sW-∂v. at\m-c-a-bpsS t]Pp-Ifn¬ Xs∂ B Ncn-{X-kXyw tcJ-s∏-Sp-Ø-s∏-´Xv hn[n-ssh-]-co-Xya-√msX as‰m-∂p-a-√. "ae-_m¿ Im≥k¿ sk‚-dns‚ `mhn `ojWn-bn¬' F∂ Xes°-´n¬ 2002 sk]vXw-_¿ 13 \v at\m-ca {]kn-≤o-I-cn® hm¿Ø Cß-s\bmbn-cp∂p: ae-_m¿ Im≥k¿ sk‚-¿ \n¿am-W-hp-ambn _‘--s∏´v Im\U

112 tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv
Iº-\n-bmb Fkv- F≥ kn emh-en-\p-ambn sshZypXn t_m¿Uv D≠m-°nb [mc-Wm-]-{X-Øns‚ Imem-h[n Ah-km-\n-®p. CXv ]pXp-°m≥ kwÿm\ k¿°m-cn-s‚tbm sshZyp-Xn-t_m¿Uns‚tbm `mK-Øp\n∂v \S-]-Sn-I-fn-√. CtXmsS ae-_m-dnse Im≥k¿ NnIn’mcwK-Øv \mgn-I-°-√m-tI-≠nbn-cp∂ tI{µØns‚ \ne-\n¬∏v `oj-Wn-bn-embn. 2002 sk]vXw-_¿ 15\v {]kn-≤o-I-cn® XpS¿hm¿Ø-bpsS Xes°´v "Im≥k¿ sk‚¿: emh-en≥ ]n≥hm-ßn-bXv k¿°m-cns‚ IØp In´m-Ø-Xn-\m¬' F∂m-Wv. 86 tImSn cq] In´m-Ø-Xn\v ImcWw at\m-c-a-bpsS Xmfp-I-fn¬ InS∂v Cßs\ ]√n-fn-°p-∂p: ae-_m¿ Im≥k¿ sk‚-dn\v Im\-U-bn¬\n∂v ]Ww kzcq]n®v \¬Im-sa∂ hmKvZm-\-Øn¬\n∂v Fkv- F≥ kn emhen≥ ]nd-tIm´v t]mbXv kwÿm\ k¿°m-cn¬\n∂v e`nt°≠ IØns‚ t]cn¬. Xe-ti-cn-bnse ae-_m¿ Im≥k¿ sk‚-dns‚ H∂mwL´ {]h¿Ø-\-Øn\v e`n® klm-b-Øn\v \µn {]I-Sn-∏n®pw A`n-\-µ\w Adn-bn®pw kwÿm\ k¿°m¿ IØp \¬In-bm¬ Im\-Ubnse hnhn[ GP≥-kn-I-fn¬\n∂v C\nbpw XpI kam-l-cn®p \¬Im≥ Ign-bp-sa∂ Fkv- F≥ kn emh-ens‚ \n¿tZiw sshZypXn hIp∏v sNhns°m-≠n-√. emh-en\v \¬-tI≠ se‰¿ Hm^v A{]o- k n- t b- j - \ p- f f At]£ H∂c h¿j- a mbn sshZypXn hIp-∏n¬ Nph-∏p-\m-S-bn-em-Wv.... se‰¿ Hm^v A{]o-kn-tb-j-\p-ff At]£sb H∂c h¿jw ^b-en¬ Dd-ßn-°nS-Øn-bXv ]nW-dmbn hnP-b-\mtWm? A√. ""AXnthKw _lp-Zq-c''-Øns‚ D]-⁄m-Xm-°-fmWv B NXn tIc-f-tØmSp sNbvX-Xv. X߃ {]kn-≤o-I-cn® c≠p hm¿Ø-Isf ASn-ÿm-\-am°n 2002 HIvtSm-_¿ H∂n\v at\mca Hcp apJ-{]-kw-K-sa-gp-Xn. AXns‚ Xes°-´v, "ae-_m¿ Im≥k¿ sk‚-dns\ c£n-°Ww' F∂mbn-cp-∂p. AXnse Nne hm-Iy-߃: Fkv- F≥ kn emh-en≥ 12 tImSn cq]-bpsS \n¿amWw \SØn. CtXmsS Bip-]-{Xn-bpsS H∂mw L´w ]q¿Øn-bm-bn. 2000 \hw-_¿ 11 apX¬ Bip-]{Xn {]h¿Øn®p XpS-ßn. aq∂p h¿jwsIm≠v 100 tImSn cq] ChnsS sNe-h-gn®v Gjy-bnse Xs∂ anI® Im≥k¿ Bip-]-{Xn-bmbn CXns\ am‰-W-sa∂m-bn-cp∂p e£y-an-´n-cp-∂-Xv. Fkv- F≥ kn emh-en-\p-am-bp-

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

113

≠m-°nb [mc-Wm-]{Xw ]pXp-°mt\m Ah-cp-ambn Icm-dp-≠m°mt\m Ct∏mƒ {iaw \S-°p-∂n-√.... F∂m¬, sNbvX tPmenIƒ°v se‰¿ Hm^v A{]o-kn-tb-j≥ \¬In-bm¬ ASpØ L´w ]Ww kam-l-cn®p\¬Im-sa∂v ImWn®v Fkv- F≥ kn emh-en≥ Bip-]{Xn Ub-d-IvS¿°v IØp \¬In-bn-cn-°p∂p. Cu At]£ sshZypXnhIp-∏ns‚ ^b-en-ep-≠v. `cWw amdnb-tXmsS Ct∏m-gsØ apJy-a-{¥nbpw sshZypXn a{¥nbpw Btcm-Ky-a-{¥n-bp-sa-√m-amWv Bip-]-{Xn-bpsS Aa-c-Øv. `c-Wk- a n- X n- b psS Xe- ∏ - Ø p- ≈ h¿ Bip- ] {Xn kµ¿in- ° - W w. cmjv{So-b-°-fn-bn¬ tcmKn-Iƒ _en-bm-Sm-I-cp-Xv. (A-Sn-hc teJI-t‚-Xv) se‰¿ Hm^v A{]okntbj≥ Bhiys∏´v emhen≥ IØ-bs®∂pw AXv sshZypXn hIp∏ns‚ ap∂neps≠∂pw H∂-c-s°m-√ambn AXn-t∑¬ Xocp-am-\-sam-∂p-saSp-Øn-´n-s√∂pw at\mca Xpd∂p ]d™n´p≠v. cmjv{Sob°fnbn¬ tcmKnIsf _enbmSm°cpsX∂v ]{Xw Bhiys∏´Xv, A∂sØ apJya{¥n F sI B‚WntbmSpw sshZypXn a{¥n IShq¿ inhZmkt\mSp-amWv. F{X-tImSn Im≥k¿ sk‚-dn\v AXn-\Iw sNe-hmbn F∂pw _m°n ]Ww F¥p-sIm≠v h∂n-s√∂pw kphy‡ambn at\mca Xs∂ FgpXn-sh®n´p≠v. Cu hcnIsfgpXn A©p amkw Ign™mWv "{Km‚mb 98 tImSnbn¬ 85 tImSn In´ntbm F∂ Imcy-Øn¬ Ahy-‡-X-bp≠v' F∂ hymJym\hpambn CtX at\mca cwKsØØnbX.v Im≥k¿ sk‚dn\v hmKvZm\w sNøs∏´ XpI ]q¿Wambn e`n°mØXns‚ DØchmZnXzw ]nWdmbn hnPbs‚ XebnenSm≥ C\n F{X en‰¿ A®Sn ajn at\mca sNehn´mepw taep-≤-cn® apJ{]kwKsØ Ncn{XØn¬\n∂v Npc≠n°fbm≥ Ah¿°p Ignbn√.

114 tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥

13 374 tImSn cq]bpsS \jvS°Y Fßs\bp≠mbn?
tIc-fw- I-≠n-´p≈ G‰hpw henb Agn-a-Xn-t°-kmbn ]n Fkv ]n Icm-dns\ Nn{Xo-I-cn-°m≥ D]-Pm-]-I¿ Bbp-[-am-°nbXv kn -F Pn dnt∏m¿´nse Hcp ]cma¿isØ-bm-Wv. B-sI sNe-hmb (]-enibpw cq]-bpsS hne-bn-Sn-hns‚ ^e-amb A[n-I-s®-ehpw ]p\-cp-≤mc-W-Im-esØ Poh-\-°m-cpsS iº-f-hp-sa√mw AS-°w) 374 tImSn cq]bv ° v B\p- ] m- X n- I - a mb t\´w ]≤Xnbn¬- \ n- ∂ p- a p- ≠ m- b n√ F∂mWv B ]cm-a¿iw. sshZypXn ]≤-Xn-bpsS ]p\-cp-≤m-c-W-Øns‚ t\´w Af-°p-∂Xv sshZypXn D¬∏m-Z-\-Ønse Imcy-£-aX h¿[nt®m F∂-Xns‚ ASnÿm-\-Øn-em-Wv. ]p\-cp-≤m-c-W-Øn\p apºpw AXn-\p-ti-j-hp-apff sshZypXn D¬∏m-Z-\sØ Xmc-X-ay-s∏-Sp-Øp-I-bmWv CXn-\p-ff am¿Kw. CØcw Xmc-Xay]T-\-Øn\v Hcp ]cn-an-Xn-bp-≠v. ag-sbbpw Pe-e-`y-X-sbbpw B{i-bn-®n-cn°pw Pe-ssh-ZypXn ]≤-Xn-I-fpsS sshZypXn D¬∏m-Z-\w. CXp-IqSn IW-°n-se-SptØ \nK-a-\-Øn-seØm-\m-hq. AXp-t]mse Xs∂ ]p\-cp-≤m-cW ]≤-Xn-bn¬s]-SmØ GsX-¶nepw D]-I-c-W-hp-ambn _‘-s∏´v D¬∏m-Z\ XS-k-ap-≠m-bm¬ A°mcyw IqSn {]tXy-I-ambn ]cn-K-Wn-t°-≠-Xp-≠v.
sshZypXn D¬]m-Z-\-Øns‚ Imcy-£-aX
kn -F -Pn- 1994-˛95 apX¬ 2006-˛07 hsc-bp-ff Ime-b-f-hnse ]≈nhm-k¬ ˛ sN¶pfw ˛ ]∂n-bm¿ \ne-b-ß-fnse sshZypXn D¬∏m-Z-\sØ-bmWv ]cn-tim-[n-®-Xv. 1994-˛95 apX¬ 1998-˛99 hsc-bp-ff h¿j߃ ]p\-cp-≤m-c-W-Øn\p apºp-ff Ime-ambpw 1999-˛00 apX¬ 2002˛03 hsc-bp-ff ]p\-cp-≤m-c-W-Im-e-ambpw 2003-˛04, 2004-˛05 ]p\-cp-≤m-

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

115

c-W-Øn-\p-ti-j-ap-ff Ime-ambpw hn`-Pn®psIm-≠p-ff Xmc-Xay]T\-amWv kn F Pn \S-Øn-b-Xv. Cu Ime-b-f-hnse ]≤-Xn-{]-tZ-isØ ag-bpsS Afhpw hni-I-e-\-Øn¬ Dƒs°m-f-fn-®p. ]≤Xn \S-∏m-°nØp-S-ßp-∂-Xn\p apºp≈ ImeØv D¬∏m-Zn-∏n-®n-cp∂ sshZyp-Xnbpw ]p\-cp-≤m-cWØn\p tij-ap≈ sshZypXn D¬∏m-Z-\hpw Xmc-X-ays∏- S pØptºmƒ h¿[\hv D≠m- b n- ´ n√ F∂- \nK- a - \ - Ø n- e mWv knFPn FØn-b-Xv. Xmsg sImSp-Øn-cn-°p∂ ]´n-I-bn¬ 2006-˛07-h-sc-bp-ff sshZypXn D¬∏m-Z-\-Øns‚ IW-°p-Ifpw R߃ tN¿Øn-´p-≠v. 2007-˛08 apXep- ≈ IW- ° p- I ƒ e`y- a m- s W- ¶ nepw D]- t bm- K - s ∏- S p- Ø n- b n- ´ n- √ . ImcWw C°m-e-b-f-hn¬ ]∂n-bm¿ A]-I-SsØ XpS¿∂ B \ne-bØnse sshZypXn D¬∏m-Z\w IpØs\ Ipd-bp-I-bp-≠m-bn. ]n Fkv ]n ]≤Xn Iao-j≥ sNbvX-Xn\p sXm´-Sp-Ø-h¿jw ISp-Ø- h-cƒ®-bpsS Ime-am-bn-cp-∂p. cq£-amb hcƒ®-aqew tIc-fØnse samØw D¬∏m-Z\w 5943 ¬\n∂v 4340 Zi-e£w bqWn-‰mbn Xmgv∂ h¿j-am-bn-cp∂p AXv. AXp-sIm≠v Xmc-X-ay-Øn\v B h¿jw am‰n \n¿Øp-∂-Xmhpw DNn-Xw. ]´nI 1 ]cn-tim-[n-®m¬ ]p\-cp--≤m-c-W-Øn\ptijw (2004-˛05/ 2006-˛07) 570 Zi-e£w sshZypXn {]Xn-h¿jw D¬∏m-Zn-∏n®p F∂p ImWmw. ]p\-cp-≤m-c-W-Øn\p apºv (1994-˛95/1998-˛99) 508 Zi-e£w bqWn‰v sshZypXnbmWv D¬∏m- Z n- ∏ n®ncp- ∂ - X v . 2003- ˛ 04¬ ap≥ h¿jsØ At]-£n®v D¬∏m-Z\w 367 Zi-e-£-Øn¬\n∂v 397 Zie-£-amtb Db-cp-∂p≈q F∂Xv icn-X-s∂. AXn-\p-Im-cWw cq£amb hcƒ®-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Cu hcƒ®m-h¿j-a-S°w shdpw c≠ph¿jsØ IW-°p-sh®v apS-°nb XpIbpsS B\p-]m-XnI {]tbmP\w In´n-bn√ F∂ \nK-a-\-Øn-se-Øp-∂Xv A_-≤-am-Wv. Xmc-X-ay-]-T-\-Øn\v Hcp-]t£ IqSp-X¬ DNn-Xw kwÿm-\sØ D¬∏m-Z-\-Øn¬ ]n Fkv ]n ]≤XnbpsS hnln-X-Øn¬h∂ am‰ßƒ ]cn-tim-[n-°p-∂Xm-bn-cn-°pw. Imc-Ww, ag e`y-X-bn-ep-≠m-Ip∂ CSnhv ]n Fkv ]n ]≤-Xn-I-fp-tS-X-S°w kwÿm-\sØ samØw D¬∏m-Z-\sØ {]Xn-Iq-e-ambn _m[n°pw. F∂m¬ Cu kml-N-cyØnepw ]nFkv]n ]≤-Xn-I-fpsS D¬∏m-Z-\-hn-lnXw h¿[n-®p-h-cn-Ibm-sW-¶n¬ AXv Cu \ne-b-ß-fpsS Imcy-£-a-X-bn-ep-≠m-Ip∂ h¿[\-bmbn IW-°m-°mw. ]p\-cp-≤m-c-W-Øn\p apºv tIc-f-Øn¬ D¬∏m-Zn∏n°p∂ samØw 8.61 iX-am-\-am-bn-cp∂p ]n Fkv ]n ]≤XnIfn¬ \n∂pff hnlnXw. ]p\-cp-≤m-c-W-Øn-\p-tijw CXv 9.33 iX-am-\-ambn Db¿∂p.

116 tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv
]´nI 1 tIc-f-Ønse PesshZyp-Xn D¬∏m-Z\w 1994-˛95/2006-˛07 (Zie£w bqWn‰n¬) h¿jw 1994-˛95 1995-˛96 1996-˛97 1997-˛98 1998-˛99 1999-˛00 2000-˛01 2001-˛02 2002-˛03 2003-˛04 2004-˛05 2005-˛06 2006-˛07 samØw D¬∏m- Z \w 6571 6626 5469 4785 6625 6298 5452 5943 4340 3413 5333 7450 7496 ]n Fkv ]n D¬∏mZ\w 555 463 539 500 484 477 465 355 367 397 534 587 586 ]n Fkv ]n hnlnXw 8.45% 6.99% 9.86% 10.45% 7.31% 7.57% 8.53% 5.97% 8.46% 11.63% 10.01% 7.88% 7.82%

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥

kºq¿W ]p\-cp-≤m-cWw thtWm AtXm _mem-\-µ≥ IΩn‰n ]d-™-Xp-t]mse ]cn-an-X-amb \ho-I-cWw aXntbm F∂ ]cn-tim[\ A{]-k-‡-am-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂v aqgn-bm¿ sshZypXn \ne-b-Øns‚ A\p-`hw sXfn-bn-°p-∂p. kºq¿W ]p\-cp-≤m-cWw Hgn-hm°n `mKnI-amb \ho-I-c-W-hp-ambn apt∂m-´p-t]mb aqgn-bm-dnse P\-td-‰-dp-Iƒ XI¿∂v D¬∏m-Z\w ]q¿Wambpw kvXw`n®p. ]∂n-bm¿ ]≤-Xnbn¬Øs∂ ]h¿lutk ]p\-cp-≤-cn-®n-cp-∂p-≈q. s]≥tÃm°v ]gb-Xp-t]mse XpS¿∂p. s]≥tÃm°v XI¿∂v 17˛09˛2007\v ]∂n-bm¿ \ne-b-Ønse D¬∏m-Z-\hpw kvXw`n-®p. bp -Un -F-^ns‚ ImeØv sshZypXn t_m¿Uv kn -F -Pn°v \¬Inb adp-]-Sn-bn¬ ]n Fkv ]n ]≤-Xn-I-fpsS \ho-I-cWw Hgn-®pIq-Sm≥ ]‰m-Ø-Xm-sW∂pw t_m¿Un-s‚bpw cmPy-Øn-s‚bpw Xm¬∏cy-a-\p-k-cn-®mWv CXv sNbvX-sX∂pw hni-Zo-I-cn-°p-∂p-≠v. aq∂p ]≤Xn-I-fp-sSbpw P\-td-‰¿ Dƒs∏-sS-bp≈ b{¥-ß-fpsS Bbp v 35 h¿j-am-bn-cp-∂p. AXp-I-gn-™m¬ \ho-I-cWw A\n-hm-cy-am-Wv. ]gInb b{¥-߃°v CS-bv°n-Sbv°v D≠m-Ip∂ XI-cm-dp-Im-cWw D¬∏m-

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

117

Z\w \n¿Øn-sh-°p-∂Xv t_m¿Un\v henb \jvS-ap-≠m-°n-bn-cp-∂p. AXp-IqSn IW-°n-se-Sp-ØmWv ]p\-cp-≤m-c-W-Øn\v t_m¿Uv Xocpam-\n-®-Xv. CXm-Wv bp -Un -F^v \¬Inb hni-Zo-I-c-Ww. bp -Un -F^v k¿°m¿Xs∂ \nb-a-k-`-bn¬ \¬Inb adp-]-Snbn¬ as‰mcp Imcyw-IqSn hy‡-am-°n-bn-cp∂p. {]mcw-`-L-´-Øn¬ e£y-an-´-Xm-bn-cp-∂n-s√-¶nepw ]p\-cp-≤m-c-W-Øns‚ ^e-ambn ÿm]nX-ti-jnbnepw sNdnb h¿[\ D≠m-bn´p-≠v.

]≤-Xn-bnse A[n-I-s®-ehv F∂ Btcm-]Ww
knFPn dnt∏m¿´nepw XpS¿∂v kn_nsF dnt∏m¿´nepw FSpØp ]d-bp∂ Hcp hna¿i\w ]≤-Xn-bv°p-≠mb A[n-I-s®-e-hm-Wv. ]n Fkv ]n ]≤Xnbn¬ Hcp saKmhm´v ÿm]nXtijn°v 3.24 tImSn cq] sNehp h∂p. AtX kabw Ip‰ymSn AUo-j-W¬ FIvsÃ≥j≥ ]≤Xn°v saKmhm´v H∂n\v 0.66 tImSn cq]tb πm≥ {]Imcw sNehv hcq F∂v Nq≠n°mWn®psIm≠mWv ]n Fkv ]n ]≤Xnbn¬ A[n- I - s ®- e - h p≠mbn F∂ \nKa\Øn¬ kn F Pn FØp∂Xv. Ip‰ymSn AUo- j - W ¬ FIv s Ã≥j≥]≤Xn \n¿h- l Ww C°gn™ F¬ Un- F^v k¿°m-cns‚ Ime-ØmWv ]q¿Øn-bm-bXv. R߃°v AXns‚ Ah-km\ ]≤-Xn-s®-ehv IW°p tiJ-cn°m≥ Ign-™n-´n-√. aXn-∏p- sNe-hn-s\-°mƒ bYm¿Y sNehv \n wi-b-ambpw Db-¿∂Xm-bn-cn°pw. F∂n-cp-∂mepw ]n Fkv ]n ]≤-Xnsb-°mƒ hfsc Xmgv∂-Xm-bn-cn-°pw. ]t£ Xa-kvI-cn-°-s∏-Sp∂Xv, Ip‰ymSn AUo-j-W¬ FIvsÃ≥j≥ Fw -H bp dq´p-hgn sIm≠pt]m-ImsX s]mXp-ta-J-em-ÿm-]-\-amb s`√n\v \¬In-bXv ]nW-dmbn hnP-b-\m-sW∂ hkvXp-X-bm-Wv. Ip‰ymSn AUo-j-W¬ FIvkvsS≥j≥ ]≤-Xn-bpsS sNehv Ipd-™-Xns‚ F√m s{IUn‰pw ]nW-dmbn hnP-b\v Ah-Im-i-s∏-´-Xm-Wv. ]n Fkv ]n Icmdn¬ sNeth-dn-sb¶n¬ AXn\p adp]Sn ]dtb≠Xv I¨kƒ´‚n\p th≠n-bp-ff Icmdn¬ H∏p-sh®hcmWv. \mw I≠Xpt]mse bp Un F^v k¿°m¿ H∏n´ ASn-ÿm\ Icm-dn¬ km[-\-k-am-{Kn-I-fpsS hne \n›-bn-°-s∏-´n-cp∂p. 1995 ¬ \n›-bn® hnebv°v 2001 ¬ km[\-߃ kssπ sNøp∂-Xn\mWv A\p-_-‘-°-cm-dn¬ hyh-ÿ-bp-≠m-°n-b-Xv. Cu ]›m-Ø-e-Øn¬ Ip‰ymSn AUo-j-W¬ FIvkvsS≥j≥ ]≤-Xn-bpsS sNe-hp-am-bn-´-√, Ip‰ymSn FIvkvsS≥j≥ ]≤-Xn-bpsS sNe-hp-am-bn-´mWv ]n Fkv ]n ]≤-Xnsb Xmc-X-ay-s∏-Sp-tØ-≠-Xv. Ip‰ymSn FIvkvsS≥j≥ ]≤Xn bp Un -F^v `c-W-Im-eØv emhen≥ Iº\n hgn Fw H bp dq´n-eqsS ]n Fkv ]n ]≤-Xn-I-fpsS AtX amXr-I-bn¬ Bhn-jvI-cn® ]≤-Xn-bm-Wv. CXns‚ ÿm]n-X-

118 tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv
s®-ehv saKm-hm´v H∂n\v 4.83 tImSn cq]bmWv. \n¿h-l-W-Ønse Ime-Xm-akw aqe-ap-≠mb A[n-I-s®-ehpw D¬∏m-Z-\-\-jvShpw ]pXnb kmt¶-Xn-I-hn-Zy-sb-°p-dn®v F©n-\ob¿am¿°p ]cn- i o- e \w \¬Im- Ø Xpaqe- a p- ≠ mb {]iv \ - ß fpw kssπ sNbvX hnhn[ b{¥-km-a-{Kn-Iƒ kq£va-ambn ]cn-tim-[n®v Imcy-£-aX Dd-∏p-h-cp-Øm-ØXp-sa√mw \n¿h-l-W-L-´-Øn¬ D≠mbn-´p-ff hogvN-I-fm-Wv. Ah-bpsS-sbm∂pw DØ-c-hm-ZnØw ]nW-dmbn hnP-bs‚ Npa-en¬ sI´n-sh-bv°m-\m-hn-√. Ip‰ymSn AUo-j-W¬ FIvkvsS≥j≥ ]≤-Xn-bpsS [\-k-aml-c-W-coXnbpw \n¿h-l-Whpw ]nFkv]n, Ip‰ymSn FIvkvsS≥j≥ ]≤-Xn-I-fn¬ \n∂pw XnI®pw hyXy-kvX-am-Wv. bpUn-F^v `c-W-ImeØv Fw H bp dq´n¬ Bcw-`n® ]≤-Xn-IfpsS-sb√mw saKm-hm´v ÿm]n-X-sN-ehv Xmc-X-tay\ hfsc Db¿∂-Xm-Wv. hmbv]-bpsS ]enibpw cq]-bpsS aqey-tim-j-Whpw ]≤-Xn-s®-e-hv DuXn-ho¿∏n-°p∂p. BtKm-f- sS≥U-dns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn-e-√msX D`-b-I£n N¿®I- f psS ASn- ÿ m- \ - Ø n¬ hmbv ] Dd- ∏ m- ° p∂ ]≤- X nbv ° v tIm¨{SmIvSp \¬Ip∂ coXn ]≤-Xn-s®-ehv Db¿Øpw F∂-Xn\v kwibw th≠. CXns‚ DØ-c-hm-ZnØw Cu k{º-Zmbw kzoI-cn°m≥ Xocp-am-\n® bpUn-F^v k¿°m¿ Xs∂ Gs‰-Sp-Øm¬ aXn-. kn F- Pn-bpsS Ah-km\ dnt∏m¿´n¬ 374.5 tImSn cq]bv°v B\p-]m-Xn-I-amb t\´-ap-≠m-bn√ Ft∂ ]cm-a¿i-ap-f-fq. F∂m¬ hni-Zo-I-c-W-am-h-iy-s∏-´p-sIm-≠p-ff HmUn‰v JWvUnIIfpsS ]cma¿isØ ASn-ÿm-\-am-°n-bmWv 374.5 tImSn cq]-bpsS Agn-a-Xnsb∂ Zp¿hym-Jym-\-ap-≠m-b-Xv. kn F Pn dnt∏m¿´v Xømdm-°p∂Xns‚ {]YaL´Øn¬ Ht´sd kwib߃°v Ah¿ hniZoIcWw Bhiys∏Smdp≠v . Cu \nco£W߃°v hIp∏p \¬Ip∂ hniZoIcWw ]cntim[n®tijamWv dnt∏m¿-´ns‚ Ah-km\cq]w \¬IpI. F∂m¬ hIp∏p- X e hni- Z oIcWw Bhiys∏´p Xbmdm°nb At\zj-W-߃ tNm¿-Øn-sbSpØv Agn-a-Xn-bpsS ]pI]-S-e-w krjvSn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p am[ya߃. CXns‚ sNmcp°v Ct∏mgpw XpS-cp-∂p.

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

119

14 KqVmtemN\bps≠¶n¬ {]Xnbmcv?
tI cfØn\IØpw ]pdØpw h≥tImfnf°w krjv S n® emhven≥ tIkns\°pdn®pff kn_nsFbpsS c≠v At\zjW dnt∏m¿´pIfpw C∂v Ncn{XtcJIfmWv. tI{µ `cWI£nbpsS Xm¬∏cy߃ kwc£n°m≥ At\zjWhpw \nKa\ßfpw Ip‰]{Xhpsamcp°ns°mSp°m≥ hn[n°s∏´ Hct\zjW kwhn[m\Øns‚ \nklmbXbpw cmjv{Sob ]£]mXhpw apgph≥ Ahbn¬ \n∂p hmbns®Sp°mw. FwHbp dq´p {]Imcw t•m_¬ sS≥U¿ hnfn°msX ]ffnhmk¬ ˛ sN¶pfw ˛ ]∂nbm¿ ]≤XnIfpsS \hoIcWhpw ]p\cp≤mcWhpw It\Unb≥ Iº\nbmb Fkv F≥ kn emhvens\s°m≠v \SØn∏n®XmWt√m tIkv. B IcmdneqsS emhven≥ A\[nIrX t\´ap≠m°pIbpw kwÿm\ JP\mhn\p \jvSap≠mhpIbpw sNbvXp F∂pamWv Btcm]Ww. hmZØn\pth≠n AXp kΩXn®m¬ AXn\pØchmZn Bcv F∂v ]Ømw A[ymbØn¬ \mw I≠pIgn™p. AhcmWv {]Xn∏´nIbn¬ htc≠Xv. Ahsc Is≠Øm\mbncp∂p At\zjWw. Cu {Iat°Sns‚ DØchmZnIsf At\zjW GP≥kn Is≠Øntbm, Is≠Ønsb¶n¬ AhcpsS ta¬ Ip‰w NpaØntbm, Ahsc {]Xn∏´nIbn¬ Dƒs∏SpØntbm Fs∂ms°bpff tNmZyßfpsS DØcamWv emhen≥ tIkn¬ kn _n sF ka¿∏n® At\zjW dnt∏m¿´n¬ \mw tXtS≠Xv. 2009 P\phcn 22\v ka¿∏n® kn_nsFbpsS BZy At\zjW dnt∏m¿´n¬ Xs∂ Fkv F≥ kn emhven\pambn Fw H bp H∏n´Xpw Im\Ubntebv ° v t]mbXpw XpS¿∂v I¨kƒ´‚ns‚ tkh\-

120 tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv
°cm¿ H∏n´Xpw Pn. Im¿ØntIbs‚ ImeØv, At±lØns‚ AdnthmSpw kΩXtØmSpw IqSnbmWv F∂v kn_nsF AkµnKv[ambn hy‡am°p∂p.

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥

XpS°°mc≥ {]Xnb√mXmbsXßs\?
dnt∏m¿´ns‚ 10.2.68 JWv U nIbn¬ hfsc hy‡ambn kn_nsF ]dbp∂Xv, FwHbp H∏psh®Xp apXemWv KqVmtemN\ Bcw`n®Xv F∂mWv (hatching of the conspiracy commenced on the date of signing of the MOU). AXn\ptijw 10.4.3 JWvUnIbn¬ Pn. Im¿ØntIbs\ KqVmtemN\bpsS {kjvSmhv (founder of the conspiracy) F∂p t]scSpØp ]d™p Ip‰s∏SpØp-∂p. 10-˛8˛1995\v Bcw`n® KqVmtemN\sb sX‰mb t{]cW sNepØn Icmdns‚ \n¿hlWw km[yam°nbXv Pn. Im¿ØntIb\msW∂mWv kn_nsF dnt∏m¿´nse 10.2.194, 10.2.195, 10.2.197, 10.2.201 JWvUnIIfn¬ ]dbp∂Xv. F∂m¬ kzImcyt\´ßƒ D≠m°nb- X n\v sXfnhn√ F∂ \nKa\Øm¬ At±lsØ Btcm]WØn¬ \n∂pw Ip‰hnap‡\m°n. ]nFkv]n ]≤XnIfpsS \hoIcWw kw_‘n®v FkvF≥kn emhen\v AhnlnXamb t\´w D≠mbn F¶n¬ KqVmtemN\bpsS ^eambn 10-˛8˛-1995, 24˛2˛1996 F∂o XobXnIfn¬ FkvF≥kn emhen\pambn FwHbphpw I¨kƒ´‚ ns‚ tkh\ Icmdpw H∏pshbv°p∂-Xn\v A\paXn \¬Inb Pn. Im¿ØntIb\pw At±lØns‚ ImeØv t_m¿Uns\ \bn® DtZymKÿcpamWv. ]n∂oSv h∂ ]nWdmbn hnPb\p Hcp _‘hpan√. KqVm- t em- N - \ - b psS XpS- ° - ° m- c ≥ F∂v kn_nsF Xs∂ hntijn∏n°p∂ Pn Im¿ØntIb≥ F¥psIm≠v {]Xnÿm\Øv CSw]nSn®ns√∂ auenIhpw bp‡nklhpamb tNmZyamWv ap≥ AUzt°‰v P\d¬ Db¿ØnbXv. C¥y≥ ]o\¬ tImUv {]Imcw {In- a n\¬- Kq- V mtem- N \°p- ‰ w- \ne- \ n¬- ° Wsa¶n¬- {]Xn- I ƒXΩn¬- Hcp- \n-bahn-cp-≤ {]hrØn-bn¬- G¿-s∏Sp-Itbm- Hcp- \ymbam-b {]hr-Øn-sb \n-bahn-cp-≤am-bn- \S∏m-°p-Itbm- sNøp-∂Xn\pth≠n-bp-≈ Hcp- Iq-´m-b ]cn-{iaw- \S-Øn-bn-cn-°Ww.- AXn-\m-bn{]Xn- I ƒ- XΩn¬ D≠m- ° p- ∂ Hcp- Icm- d mWv - bYm¿YØn¬Ip‰Icam-b Kq-Vm-tem-N\. kn _n sF Is≠-Ønb KqVm-tem-N-\bpsS ÿm-]-I≥ Im¿Øn-tI-b≥ BsW-∂n-cn-s°, B Im¿Øn-tIb-\p-ambn ]nW-dmbn hnP-bt\m a‰v Ip‰m-tcm-]n-Xtcm Fs¥-¶nepw Icmtdm IqSn-bm-tem-N-\tbm \S-Øp-∂p-sh-¶n¬ am{Xta Ah¿°pta¬ KqVm-tem-N\°p‰w Btcm-]n-°m-\m-hq. KqVm-tem-N-\bv°v cq]w\¬Inb Im¿Øn-tI-b-s\-Xn-cmbn bmsXmcphn[ sXfnhpw Cs√-

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

121

¶n¬]ns∂ a‰p {]Xn-Iƒs°-Xnsc KqVm-tem-N-\-°p‰w Npa-Øm-\mhn√. Im¿Øn-tI-b\ptijw a{¥n-bmbn Npa-X-e-tb‰ ]nW-dmbn hnPb-s\-Xnsc kn _n sF Btcm-]n-°p∂ KqVm-tem-N-\m-°p‰w AXpsIm≠pXs∂ Akw-_-‘-am-sW∂pw AUz. kp[mIc {]kmZv Nq≠n°m´n. kn _n sF dnt∏m¿´nse ASpØ Btcm-]Ww C¥y≥ ]o\¬ tImUv 420˛mw hIp∏v {]Im-c-ap-≈ h©-\m-°p-‰-am-Wv. \nb-a-{]-Imcw h©-\m-°p-‰w Btcm]n-°p-∂-Xn\v If-hmtbm h©n-°-W-sat∂m Dff Dt±-iy-tØmsS as‰mcp hy‡nsb kzm[o-\n-®v, \jvSw D≠m°-W-sa∂ e£y-tØmSpIqSn-bp≈ {]hr-Øn-bn¬ G¿s∏-tS-≠Xp≠v. sF ]n kn 420-˛mw hIp-∏p {]Im-c-ap-≈ h©-\m-°p‰w \ne\n¬°-W-sa-¶n¬ Zpcp-t±-i-ytØmSp°qSnb Hcp NXn-{]-tbmKw \SØp-Ibpw AXp-hgn as‰m-cmƒ°v \jvSw kw`-hn-°p-Ibpw thWsa∂v Ht´sd hn[n\ymbßfn¬ kp{]owtImSXn Nq≠n°m´nbn´p≠v. Ip‰mtcm-]n-X¿ GsX¶nepw Zpcp-t±-iy-tØmSp°qSn ]≤Xn \S-Øn-∏n¬ CS-s]-´-Xmbn kn _n sF dnt∏m¿´n¬ Fhn-sSbpw ]cma¿ian√. Ime-∏-g°w sN∂ Pe-ssh-ZypXn \ne-b-߃ \ho-I-cn-t°-≠Xv kmt¶-Xn-I-amb Bh-iy-am-Wv. AXn\v sI F-kv- C _n Xocp-am-\n°p-Ibpw AXn\p th≠nbp≈ Icm-dp-Im-cs\ Pn Im¿Øn-tI-b≥ a{¥n-bm-bn-cp∂ ImeØpXs∂ bp Un- F^v k¿°m¿ Is≠-ØpIbpw Icm¿ Dd-∏n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-´p-≠v. C{]-Imcw G¿s∏´ Hcp Icm-dns‚ XpS¿\S-Øn∏n¬ _‘-s∏-´-h¿ Zpcp-t±-i-y]-c-ambn ]≤Xn \S-Øn-∏n¬ CS-s]-´-Xmbn Btcm-]n-°m\mhn√. \oXnt_m[Øn\pw \nbahyh-ÿ-bv°pw ap∂n¬ \ne\n¬°mØ hnNn-{X-amb CØ-csamcp Btcm-]-W-amWv Im¿Øn-tI-b\ptijw Xnc-s™-Sp-∏n-eqsS `c-W-L-S-\m-]-c-ambn sshZypXna{¥n-bpsS Npa-Xe c≠p-sIm-√-°mew hln-t°≠n-h∂ ]nW-dmbn hnP-b-s\-Xn-cmbn D∂-bn-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. Cu hnNn{Xamb hmZKXn kn _n sF F¥n\v, BcpsS t{]cWbm¬ Db¿Ønsb∂v Adnbm≥ thsd At\zjW-sam∂pw th≠Xn√.

c≠p a{¥n-am-cpsS ]¶v ˛ Hcp XmcXay hni-I-e\w
e`y-amb sXfn-hp-I-fpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ At±-lsØ {]Xnÿm-\Øp \n¿Øm-\m-hn-s√∂ \ne-]mSp kzoI-cn®v At±-lsØ kn_nsF Ip‰-hn-ap-‡-\m-°n. ]t£, B e`y-amb sXfn-hp-Iƒ F¥v F∂v tImS-Xnsb Adn-bn-°m≥ kn_nsF Xøm-dm-bn-√ F∂ ap≥ FPnbpsS Cu tNmZyw {]k‡amsW∂v ]n∂oSv kn_n sF tImSXnbpw Is≠-Øn. kn]nsFFΩpw CtX tNmZyw cmjv{Sob-ambn D∂bn®p. Cu ]›m-Ø-e-Øn-emWv tImSXn Pn. Im¿Øn-tI-bs‚ ]¶mfnØw IqSp-X¬ At\z-jn-°-W-sa∂v Bh-iy-s∏´v DØ-c-hn-´-Xv.

122 tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv
Pn. Im¿ØntIb≥ kzImcyt\´w D≠m°nbXn\v sXfnhn√ F∂v BZy dnt∏m¿´n¬ hy‡ambn Dd∏n®p ]d™ kn_nsF, ]nWdmbn hnPbt\m At±lØns‚ ImesØ sshZypXn t_m¿Uv DtZymKÿtcm Fs¥¶nepw kzImcy t\´w D≠m°nbXn\v sXfnhps≠t∂m Cs√t∂m At\zjW dnt∏m¿´n¬ hy‡ambn ]d™n√. F∂m¬ XpSct\zjW dnt∏m¿´n¬ Cu tNmZyØn\pw kn_nsF IrXyamb DØcw ]dbp∂p. Fkv F≥ kn emhen≥ Icmdpambn _‘s∏´v ]nWdmbn hnPb≥ Fs¥¶nepw kmºØnIt\´w D≠m°nbXn\v Hcp sXfnhpans√∂v AkµnKv [ ambn kn_nsF Ct∏mƒ shfns∏SpØn°gn™p. ]t£, XpSct\zjW dnt∏m¿´nepw Pn. Im¿ØntIb≥ Ip‰hmfnb√ F∂pff \ne]mSmWv kn _n sF kzoIcn®Xv. Icmdn¬ t\cn´v CSs]´Xn\v sXfnhn√t{X! kn_nsFbpsS XpSct\zjW dnt∏m¿´nse CXpkw_‘n® `mKw R߃ ]q¿Wambpw D≤cn°p∂p: a{¥nbv°v Icm-dp-I-sf-°pdn®v Adn-hp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ]t£, C°mcy-ß-fn-se-s¥-¶nepw CSs]t´m F∂-Xn\v sXfn-hn-√. ImcWw A°m-esØ ^b-ep-Iƒ e`yam-bn√ t]mepw. Investigation could not substantiate any overt acts on the part of Shri G. Karthikeyan to suggest his collusion with the accused Board officials and M/s SNC Lavlin. These accused persons while signing the MOU on 10-8-1995 and subsequently awarding the consultancy contracts on 24-02-1996 to M/s SNC Lavlin had done so with the knowledge of the Minister. But the backup files pertaining to these transactions were not available for investigation from the beginning and in the absence of the same it could not be stated catogerically whether prior permission and consent of the minister was taken by the Board officials or post facto consent was obtained for entering into MOU and the subsequent contract (JfinI 13 ˛ ASnhc Iq´nt®¿ØXv). Im¿Øn-tI-bs‚ ImeØv H∏n´ c≠v Icm-dpIsf kw_-‘n°p∂ hnh-c-߃ AS-ßnb ]gb ^b-ep-Iƒ At\z-j-W-Øns‚ BZy-L´w apX¬ kn _n- sFbv°p e`y-am-bn-cp-∂n-√ F∂mWv shfns∏-Sp-Ø-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. BZy-L´ At\z-j-W-Øntem XpS-c-t\z-jW- Ø ntem Cu ^b- e p- I ƒ kn _n sF ]cn- t im- [ n- ® n- c p- ∂ n- √ . X߃°nXv e`y-am-bn-cp-∂n√ F∂mWv kn _n sF ]d-bp-∂-Xv. Icmdp-ambn _‘-s∏´ ^b-ep-Iƒ ]Tn-°msXbmWv Im¿Øn-tI-bs\ {]Xn-bm-°m-\p-ff sXfn-hp-Iƒ e`y-a√ F∂v kn _n sF tImS-

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

123

Xnbv°v dnt∏m¿´p \¬In-bXv. A©p-h¿jw \o≠ At\z-j-W-Øn¬ Hcn-°¬t∏mepw Icm-dnse Pn. Im¿Øn-tI-b\pambn _‘-s∏´ ^bep-Iƒ kn_nsF I≠n-t´-bn-√ F∂Xv hnNn-{X-at√? ^b-ep-Iƒ ImWmsX, AXnse hnh-c-ß-sf-°p-dn®v At\z-jn°msX Fß-s\-bmWv Pn. Im¿Øn-tI-b-s\-Xnsc sXfn-hn√ F∂ \nK-a-\-Øn¬ FØn-t®¿∂Xv F∂ tNmZy-Øn\v kn _n sF adp]Sn ]dt™ Xocq. At\z-j-W-Øns‚ XpS°w apX¬ ^b-ep-Iƒ kn_n-sFbn¬ \n∂pw ad-®p-sh-®Xv BcmWv F∂ tNmZyhpw Db-cp∂p. Bh-iy-amb ^b-ep-Iƒ Xcp-∂n√ F∂ ]cmXn At\z-j-WØns‚ HcpL´-Ønepw kn _n sF Db¿Øn-bn-cp-∂n-√. DtZym-Kÿ¿ ^b-ep-Iƒ \¬Im≥ hnk-Ω-Xn-®m¬ sdbnUv \SØn ]nSn-s®Sp-°m-\p-ff A[n-Im-c-ap-ff GP≥kn-bmWv kn _n- sF. {]k-‡amb ^b-ep-Iƒ hn´p-sIm-Sp-°msX sI F-kv- C -_n-bnse DtZym-Kÿ¿ At\z-j-WsØ XS-k-s∏-Sp-Øp∂p Fs∂mcp ]cmXn tImSXn-bpsS ap∂nepw kn_nsF D∂-bn-®n-´n-√. ChnsS as‰mcp IY IqSn \mw Hm¿°-Ww. ]nW-dmbn hnP-bs\ \mb-I-\m°n Hcp-]mSp ^b¬ap-°¬ IY-Iƒ at\m-ca {]kn-≤o-Icn-®Xv F´mw A[ym-b-Øn¬ hni-Zo-I-cn®Xv Hm¿°p-at√m. At\z-jW-Øn\p ^b-ep-Iƒ hn´p-sIm-Sp-°p-∂n√ F∂pw a¿a-{]-[m-\-amb hnh-c-߃ AS-ßnb ^b-ep-Iƒ ap°n-sb∂pambn-cp∂p hnhm-Zw. hnhmZw IØn-Pz-en-°m-\p-≈ CS-thf Bthmfw \¬In-b-Xn\p tijw hm¿Ø sX‰m- s W∂v A∂sØ apJy- a {¥n DΩ≥Nm- ≠ nbpw sshZypXn a{¥n Bcym-S≥ apl-ΩZpw hy‡-am-°n-bn-cp-∂p. kn_nsF-bpsS ]pXnb shfn-s∏-Sp-ج as‰mcp tNmZyw Db¿Øp-∂p. ]nWdmbn hnP-b≥ ^b¬ ap°n-sb∂ {]N-WvU-amb {]Nm-c-W-Øns‚ ad-hn¬ Im¿Øn-tI-bs\ kw_-‘n-°p∂ ^b-ep-Iƒ bYm¿∞Øn¬ ap°n-bn-cpt∂m? D’-h-∏-d-ºnse t]m°-‰-Sn-°m-cs‚ AS-hmbn-cpt∂m at\m-c-a-bpsS ^b¬ ap°¬ IY? AtX-k-abw ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ a{¥n-bm-bn-cp∂ ImesØ ^b-ep-I-sf√mw kn _n sF kkq£vaw ]cn-tim-[n-®n-´p-≠v. AhbpsS ASn- ÿ m- \ - Ø n¬ emhv - e n≥ Icm¿ H∏p- s h- b v ° p- ∂ - X n¬ "{]tXyI Xm¬∏cyw' ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ FSpØp F∂v hmZn-°p∂-Xn\p th≠n GXm\pw kw`-h-ßfpw FSp-Øp- ]d-bp-∂p-≠v. C{]Im-c-ap-ff Hcp Icm¿ kw_-‘n®v km[m-c-W-K-Xn-bn¬ Hcp a{¥n {]I-Sn-∏n-t°≠ Xm¬∏-cyØn\∏pdw H∂pw Cu hnh-c-Wß-fn¬ ImWm-\m-hn-√. F∂p am{X-a-√, kn _n- sF-bpsS XpS-c-t\z-jW dnt∏m¿´n¬ Im¿Øn-tI-b≥ CXnt\°mtfsd "{]tXyI Xm¬∏cyw' emh-ven≥ CS-]m-Sn¬ FSp-Ø-Xmbn sXfn-bn-°p∂ ]cm-a¿i-ß-fp-≠v. Ah-bn-tebv°p IS-°mw.

124 tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv
a™p ae-bpsS apI-fn¬ Pn. Im¿Øn-tI-b≥!
sshZypXnt_m¿Uv ap≥AwK-ß-fmb P\m¿±-\≥ ]nf-f, B¿. DÆn-Ir-jvW≥, sI. Pn. N{µ-ti-J-c≥ F∂n-h-¿ kn_n-sFbv°p \¬Inb samgn-I-fn¬ \ho-I-cW ]p\-cp-≤m-cW ]≤Xn kw_-‘n®v Hcp N¿®bpw t_m¿Un¬ \S-∂n-´n-s√∂p hy‡-am-°n-bn-´p-≠v. B¿. DÆn-Ir-jvW≥ Fw H bp H∏n-´-Xp-t]m-ep-a-dn-™Xv dn´-b¿sa‚n\p tij-am-sW∂p samgn \¬In-bn-´p-≠v. t_m¿Uns‚ ap≥Iq¿ A\phm-Z-an-√msX FSp-°p∂ {][m-\-s∏´ \S-]-Sn-Iƒ BZyw IqSp∂ t_m¿Uv tbmK-Øn¬ sh®v AwKo-Imcw t\S-W-sa-∂mWv \S-]-Sn-{Iaw. Fw H bp H∏p-sh-®-Xn-\p-tijw IqSnb Ccp-]-Xn-tesd tbmK-ßfn¬ Cu Icm¿ N¿®m-hn-j-b-am-bn√ F∂p-f-fXv A¤p-X-I-c-amWv. AXp-t]mse Xs∂ sIF-kv-C-_n-bnse dn´-tbUv No^v F©n-\o-bdm-bn-cp∂ F sI lcn-Zm-kv, P\-td-j≥ No^v F©n-\o-b-dm-bn-cp∂ Pn F®v Aø¿ F∂n-h¿ \¬Inb samgn-bn¬ sIF-kv-C-_n-bv°p≈n¬ \ho-I-cWw kw_-‘n®v hni-Z-amb ]T-\tam N¿®tbm \SØn-bn-´√ Icm-dn-sem-∏p-sh-®Xv F∂pw ]d-™n-´p-≠v (XpSct\zjW dnt∏m¿´v JWvUnI 8). t_m¿Un¬ N¿® sNøm-sX-bmWv Pn. Im¿Øn-tI-bs‚ ImeØv sshZyp-Xn-t_m¿Uv [mc-Wm-]-{Xhpw I¨kƒ´‚ns‚ Icmdpw H∏n´Xv F∂v ]I¬t]mse hy‡-am-Wv. [mcWm]{Xw H∏p-sh-®-Xn-\ptijw a{¥n Im\U kµ¿in-®p. AXn-\p-ti-j-amWv I¨kƒ´‚ns‚ tkh-\°cm¿ H∏p-sh-®-Xv. 2005 Pqsse 19 \v \nb-a-k-`-bn¬ \S∂ ASn-b-¥c {]tab N¿®bn¬ ]s¶-SpØv Pn. Im¿Øn-tI-b≥ \SØnb {]kw-KØn¬\n∂pw hmNI߃ ssehv sSenImÃn¬ \n∂p≤cn°s´: B t{]mPIvSv Rm≥ a{¥n-sb∂ \ne-bn¬ H∏p-sh-®-Xm-Wv F∂Xv icn-bm-Wv. Fs‚ Ime-Øm-Wv.. Rm≥ kΩ-Xn-®-t√m... Fs‚ Ime-ØmWXv. ]n Fkv {io\n-hm-ks‚ Imew apXepff ]≤-Xn-I-fp-ambn _‘-s∏´p \n¬°p∂, AJn-e-temI {]ikvX-sa-∂v Cu k`bn¬ F√mhcpw ]d™ncp∂ Iº\nbmWv emhen≥. C‚¿\mjW¬ seh-en¬ ]cn-K-Wn-°-s∏-Sp∂ Iº\n-bm-WXv. Rm≥ a{¥nbmbncns° It\-Un-b≥ Aw_m-kU¿ ChnsS h∂v apJy-a{¥n F sI B‚-Wnbpw Rm\p-ambn N¿® \S-Øn. F sI B‚-WnbpsSbpw Pn Im¿Øn-tI-b-s‚bpaSpØv emhen\p th≠n ZqXn-\p-h-∂Xv It\-Un-b≥ Aw_m-k-U-dm-Wv. sI Fkv- C _n Adn-™n-s√-¶nepw F sI B‚Wn Imcy-߃ Adn-™n´p≠v F∂v Pn Im¿Øn-tI-b≥ tIcf \nb-a-k-`-bn¬ kΩ-Xn-®n´p≠v.

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

125

Pn Im¿Øn-tI-b≥ shfn-s∏-Sp-Ønb Cu IqSn-°m-gvN-sb kw_‘n-°p∂ ^bep-Itfm tcJ-Itfm Fhn-sS-sb-¶n-ep-apt≠m? HcpImcyw \ap-°-dn-bmw. Cu IqSn-°m-gvNbpw ip]m¿i-bp-sam∂pw tIcf- Ø n¬ Hcp- hn- h m- Z - h p- a m- b n- √ . It\- U n- b ≥ Aw_m- k - U - d psS kµ¿i\w hnhm-Z-am-ImØ tIc-f-Øn¬ as‰mcp hnhmZw sIm≠p-]nSn®p apt∂-dn. `c-W-]-c-amb _m[y-X-I-fm¬ Cu Icm¿ ]n¥p-S-tc≠n h∂ ]nW-dmbn hnP-bs\ emh-en≥ Iº-\n-bnse DtZymKÿ¿ I≠Xpw N¿® \S-Øn-bXpw hn-hm-Z-am-bn, kn_nsFbv°p sXfnhp-ambn. ]nW-dmbn hnP-b-s\-Xn-sc-bp-ff kn _n- sF-bpsS Ip‰-]-{XØn¬ \ns∂mcp `mKw t\m°p-I.. ""km£n-sam-gn-I-f-\p-k-cn®v Fkv-F≥kn emhv-en≥ {]Xn-\n-[nI-fmb Zneo]v cmlp-e\pw \mkdpw a{¥nsb BZyw ImWpIbpw a{¥n F∂ \ne-bn¬ At±-l-Øns‚ \n¿tZ-i-{]-Imcw Cu Icm-dp-ambn _‘-s∏´ Imcy-߃ \S-Øp-∂-Xn-\mbn sIF-kv-C-_nsb kao-]n-°p-I-bp-am-bn-cp-∂p''. Xs∂ kµ¿in® emh-en≥ {]Xn-\n-[n-I-tfmSv t_m¿Uns‚ DtZymK-ÿ-cp-ambn Imcy-߃ N¿® sNøm≥ ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ \n¿t±in®-Xn¬ F¥mWv sX‰v? CXt√ Hcp a{¥n \ymb-ambpw sNtø-≠-Xv? G‰hpw ]cn-lm-ky-amb kn_nsF \nK-a\w, Bip-]{Xn XpSßn DNn- X - a mb Hcp hnI- k - \ - ] - ≤ - X n- b v ° mbn knUbpsS - { Km‚ v A`y¿∞n®psIm≠v Pn. Im¿Øn-tI-b≥ 14-˛3-˛1996 ¬ emh-en≥ sshkv {]kn-U‚ v t¢mkv s{S≥U-en\v Ab® IØp kw_-‘n-®mWv. Cu IØn-¬ hnj-b-kq-Nn-I-bmbn \¬In-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv ]f-fn-hmk¬ ˛ sN¶pfw ˛ ]∂n-bm¿ ]≤-Xn-I-fpsS ]p\-cp-≤m-c-W-am-Wv. kn_n-sF-bv°-√, C¥ym SptUbv°mWv Cu IØv BZy-ambn In´nb-Xv. Cu IØn-s\-°p-dn®v kn_nsF tNmZn-®-t∏mƒ Hdn-Pn-\¬ ImWmsX X\n-s°m∂pw ]d-bm-\m-hn-s√∂ -hnNn-{X-amb adp-]-Sn-bmWv Im¿Øn-tI-b≥ kn_n-sF-tbmSp ]d-™-Xv. Cu {]Xn-I-cWw XpS-c-t\z-jW dnt∏m¿´n¬ {]kvXm-hn® tijw kn_nsF FØnt®¿∂ \nK-a\w CXm-bn-cp-∂p: Cu kml- N - c y- Ø n¬ [mc- W m- ] - { X- Ø nepw XpS¿∂p- f f I¨kƒ´≥kn Icm-dnepw H∏n-´ sI F-kv- C _n DtZym-Kÿ¿°mWv ]q¿W-amb _m[y-X. Imc-Ww, \ne-hn-ep-ff ]≤Xn-I-fpsS A‰-Ip-‰-∏-Wnbpw tijn h¿[n-∏n-°epambn _‘s∏´v FwHbp dq´v Dt]-£n-°-s∏´ kml-N-cy-Øn¬ \S-]-Sn-{Ia-߃ ]men-°m-\p-ff Npa-Xe Ah-cmWv \n¿h-ln-t°-≠-Xv. (J-WvUnI 10).

126 tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv
Hdn-Pn-\¬ I≠mte adp-]Sn ]dbq F∂p Btcm-]-W-hn-t[bs‚ imTy-Øn\p Iog-S-tß-≠-h-cmtWm At\z-jW DtZym-K-ÿ¿? HdnPn- \ ¬ Is≠Øn At±- l - Ø ns‚ hni- Z o- I - c Ww Bcm- b m- \ p- f f _m[yX Ah¿°nt√? AsXm∂pw sNømsX F¥p ]p\-c-t\z-j-WamWv kn _n sF \S-Øn-bXv? Pn Im¿Øn-tI-bs‚ se‰¿ ]mUnemWv IØv. H∏n-´n-cn-°p-∂Xpw At±lw Xs∂. B IØns‚ DØc-hm-ZnØw Fßs\ DtZym-K-ÿ-cpsS Xe-bn¬ am{Xw Nm¿Øpw? Im¿Øn-tI-b≥ IsØ-gp-Xn-bm¬ AXns‚ DØ-c-hmZn DtZym-K-ÿcmWv. ]t£, ]nW-dmbn hnP-b≥ Imcy-ØnemsW-¶n¬ a‰p-ff-hcpsS IØn¬ \n∂p-t]mepw kn _n sF At±-l-Øns‚ "{]tXyI Xm¬∏cyw' NnI-s™-Sp-°pw.

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥

ae_m¿ Im≥k¿ sk‚dns‚ klmbw kw_‘n®v Fkv F≥ kn emhen≥ sshkv {]knU‚ v t¢mkv s{S≥Uen\v Ab® IØns\ kw_‘n® kn_nsFbpsS tNmZyØn\v Pn Im¿ØntIb≥ ]d™ adp]Snbpw AXn¬ \n∂v kn _n sF FØnt®cp∂ \nKa\hpw ˛ XpSct\zjW dnt∏m¿´v t]Pv JfinI 10

DZm-l-c-W-Øn\v Ip‰-]-{X-Ønse Cß-s\-sbmcp `mK-ap-≠v... sIF-kv-C_n AwKw (A-°u-≠vkv) sI. Pn. cmP-ti-J-c≥ \mb¿ CUnkn Im\-Ubv°pw Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw ]h¿lukv

emhven≥ C\n-sb¥v tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv

127

tdmUv Fkv_nsF No^v amt\-P¿°pw 20-˛05-˛97¬ Ab® IØn¬ 19-˛5-˛97¬ a{¥n-bpsS tNw_-dn¬ \S-Ønb N¿®-bpsS hnh-c-߃ ]d-™n-´p-≠v. hmbv] A\p-h-Zn-°m≥ Fkv_n-sF bpsS sNss∂ P\-d¬ amt\-P¿ a{¥n-bpsS km∂n-≤y-Øn¬ kΩ-Xn-®-Xmbn IØn¬ kqNn-∏n-°p-∂p. CXn¬ \n∂v ]nWdmbn hnP-b≥ C°m-cy-Øn¬ {]tXyI Xm¬∏cy-sa-Sp-Ø-Xmbn sXfn-bp-∂p. ]t£, Xe-bn¬ BƒØm-a-k-ap-f-f-h-cpsS ap∂n¬ sXfn-bp-∂Xv thsd-bm-Wv. ]nW-dmbn hnP-bs‚ ImeØv t_m¿Un-e-S°w N¿® \S- Ø n- b mWv Xocp- a m- \ - ß - s f- S p- Ø n- c p- ∂ Xv . ]q¿W t_m¿Uns‚ AwKoImctØmsSbmWv A\p_‘ Icm¿ H∏n´Xv. kpXm-cy-am-bncp∂p Imcy-߃. Fhn-sS-bmWv KqVm-tem-N-\? ]nFkv]n Icmdpambn _‘s∏´v Pn. Im¿ØntIbs‚ ImeØv \S∂ {][m\s∏´ kw`hhnImk߃ Cu {KŸØn¬ kmam\yw hniZambn {]Xn]mZn°s∏´n´p≠v. D]kwlmcsa∂ \nebn¬ Ah kw{Kln°pIbmWv. • 1995 BZyw Im\Ubnse Aw_mkU¿ apJya{¥n F sI B‚Wn, Pn Im¿ØntIb≥ F∂nhcpambn Xncph\¥]pcØpsh®v Icm¿ Imcy߃ N¿® sNøp∂p. • 1995 BKÃv 10\v FkvF≥kn emhen\pambn [mcWm]{Xw H∏psh®p. • 1995 HIv t Sm_¿ amkØn¬ emhen\pw Im\Ubnse a‰v GP≥knIfpambn a{¥nXeØn¬ N¿® \SØn. • 1995 sk]v X w_dn¬ sshZypXnt_m¿Unse ap≥ No^v F©n\ob¿ cm[mIrjv W ]nffsb ]nFkv ] n \hoIcW ]p\cp≤mcW ]≤XnbpsS hniZamb ]T\Øn\p \ntbmKn®p. • 1996 P\phcn 3\v Icm¿ {]Imcw X߃ Xs∂bmbncn°pw Im\Ubn¬ \n∂pff b{¥kma{KnIfpsSbpw tkh\ßfpsSbpw ksπb¿ F∂ IØv e`n®p. • 1996 s^{_phcn 24\v I¨kƒ´‚ns‚ tkh\߃ kw_‘n® Icm¿ H∏n´p. • 1996 am¿®v 14\v Bip]{Xn XpSßnb kmaqlyhnIk\ {]h¿Ø\߃°pff {Km‚n\p th≠nbpff IØv Im\Ubnse emhen≥ ta[mhnbv°v Ab®p. ta¬]d™hbnsem∂nepw emhen≥ Icm¿ Bhnjv I cn®v H∏pshbv°p∂Xn¬ Pn. Im¿ØntIbs‚ ]¶n\pw t\cn´pff CSs]Sen\papff sXfnhpIƒ A©ph¿jw \o≠ At\zjW-Øn\p tijhpw kn _n sFbv°v Is≠Øm≥ Ign™n√. Cu \S]SnIsf-

128 tUm. Sn Fw tXmakv sFkIv
sb√mw sh≈]qiptºmgpw ap≥k¿°m¿ D≠m°nsh® \nba°pcp°n¬ Dƒs∏´v ]≤Xn\hoIcWw A\¥ambn \o≠p t]mIp∂Xn\papff A]ISw Hgnhm°m≥ th≠n DØahnizmktØmsS Icmdpambn apt∂m´pt]mIm≥ Xocpam\n® a{¥nsb {Iqin-°m\pff Akw-_-‘-\ym-b-߃ \nc-Øp-Ibpw sNøp∂p. CXv kn_nsF F∂ At\zjW GP≥knbpsS cmjv{Sob ]cnanXnbntebv°mWv hnc¬ Nq≠p∂Xv. F∂ncp∂mepw, Ku-cham-bn- Cu- tIkn-s\ ho-£n-°p∂ B¿-°pw CXn\Iw e`yamb kn _n sF dnt∏m¿´pIfpsSbpw a‰p tcJIfpsSbpw ASnÿm\Øn¬ Is≠Øm\mhp∂ icnbmb DØc߃- ChbmWv : H∂v-: Agn-aXnbn-√m-Ø Agn-aXn-t°km-Wn-Xv.- kn-_n-sF At\zjWØn¬- Hcp- X cØn- e p- ≈ Agn- a Xn- b pw- Xfn- b n- ° s∏´n- ´ n- √ .ae_m¿ Im≥k¿ sk‚¿ Xeticnbn¬ ÿm]ns®Sp°pI-bmbncp∂p CS]mSnse kzm¿Ye£yw F∂ Btcm]Ww ]cnlmkyamWv. c≠v-: bYm¿-∞ {]iv-\w- Xet»cn-bn-se ae_m¿- Im≥-k¿- sk≥ddn-\v- ]Ww- kam-lcn-®p- \¬-Ipw- F∂ It\Un-b≥- Iº\n-bp-sS hm-Kv-Zm-\w- \n-dth‰s∏Sm-ØXm-Wv.- AXn-\p-Øchm-Zn,- B ]Ww- t\SnsbSp-°m-sX [m-cWm-]{Xw- Im-elcWs∏Sp-Øn-bhcm-Wv.aq-∂v-: tIkp-am-bn- _‘s∏´v- Db¿-Øn-b hy‡nlXybpw A]hmZ{]Nm-cWßfpw cm-jv-{So-b e£yw- sh®p-sIm-≠p-≈ I≈-°YIfm-bn-cp-∂p.- Ahbn¬- H∂p-t]m-epw- kn- _n -sF At\z-jW-Øn¬sXfn™n√. \m-ev-: Pn- Im¿-Øn-tIbs\ {]Xn-∏´n-Ibn¬-\n-∂v- Hgn-hm-°n-b At\z-jW GP≥-kn- AØcw- \ym-bßsfm-∂pw ]n-Wdm-bn- hn-Pb\v_m-[Iam-°n-bn-√.- Hcm-sf Hgn-hm-°m-\pw- as‰m-cm-sf Dƒ-s∏Sp-Øm\p-ap-≈ \ym-b߃- GP≥-kn- kr-jv-Sn-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p.A©v-: Im-\Ubn¬-\n-∂v- ]Ww- kam-lcn-®v- Bip-]{Xn-°p-th≠n\¬-Im-sa∂ hm-Kv-Zm-\Øn¬-\n-∂v- em-hen≥- kz-bw- ]n≥-am-dn-bXm-tWmAX√, Ahsc c£s∏Sm≥- tIcfw- A∂v- `cn-® bp- Un- F^v- k¿°m¿- ku-Icyw- sNbv-Xp-sIm-Sp-ØXm-tWm-,- AXn-\p- ]n-∂nse IfnIsf¥v- F∂ Im-Xem-b tNm-Zy-Øn¬-\n-∂v- kn- _n -sF Hgn-™p-amdn-bn-cn-°p-∂p.emh-en≥ tIkpambn _‘-s∏´v kn ]n Fw XpS-ßn-sh® \nba-]-chpw cmjv{So-b-hp-amb t]mcm´w ta¬-]d™ bm-Ym¿-Yy-ßfnte°p-≈ hm-Xn-ep-Iƒ Xpd∂ncn°p∂p.- C∂sehsc ]n-Wdm-bn- hnPb≥- F∂ IayqWn-kv-‰v- t\Xm-hn-s\ kz-`m-hlXy-sNøm≥- em-hen≥Bbp-[am-°n-bh¿-°v- XeIp-\n-°m-\pw- am-∏p-bm-Nn-°m-\p-ap-≈ hI Cu- tIkns≥-d Ahkm-\ L´Øn¬- th≠Xn-tesdbp-≠v.- Ncn-{XwHtcZn-ibn¬- Hgp-Ip-∂ \Zn-b√.-

C\n-sb¥v emhven≥

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