Complexity vs wireless protocols

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B Broadcast (GPS, DAB/DVB B…) GSM/EGPR RS(2) WiF Fi (IEEE80 02.11) IS95, WCDMA/UMTS, HSPA A Fixed Wi iMAX (IEEE802.162004 4)

Prof. U.Spagnolini
LTE-3 3GPP Mobile Wi iMAX (IEEE802 2.162005)

WiMAX
• • • • Connect remote GSM/UMTS-Basestations (Backhauling) Internet access (Wireless DSL) Evolution from WiFi taylored for data w/mobility 2 to 6 GHz with OFDM-Modulation

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Prof. U.Spagnolini

WiMAX testing
Core network

Base Station
Logical Levels Network & Transport
MAC

Subscriber Station
Network & Transport
MAC

BS

User K User 2

User 1

PHY DL-TX

PHY UL-RX UpLink protocol DownLink protocoll D Li k t

PHY UL-TX

PHY DL-RX

Fo=2.5GHz, 3.5GHz, 5GHz BW<28MHz

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Prof. U.Spagnolini

WiMAX testing
Core network

Base Station
Logical Levels Network & Transport
MAC

Subscriber Station
Network & Transport
MAC

BS

User K User 2

User 1

PHY DL-TX

PHY UL-RX UpLink protocol DownLink protocoll D Li k t

PHY UL-TX

PHY DL-RX

PHY/MAC Interf. PHY Control Y BB processing

Fo=2.5GHz, 3.5GHz, 5GHz BW<28MHz

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ADC/RF

Prof. U.Spagnolini

Mobile WiMAX: timing requirements gq
5ms

TX

RX

TX

RX

TX

RX

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Prof. U.Spagnolini

Real-time WiMAX: the 5ms TX/RX constraints
Base Station
Network ΔT=5-10ms & Transport
MAC

Subscriber Station
Network & ΔT=5-10ms Transport
MAC

PHY DL-TX

PHY UL-RX UpLink protocol DownLink protocoll D Li k t

PHY UL-TX

PHY DL-RX

PHY/MAC Interf. PHY Control Y BB processing

Fo=2.5GHz, 3.5GHz, 5GHz BW<28MHz

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ADC/RF

Prof. U.Spagnolini

WiMAX: Base Station Emulator
BSE Test Applications (video, audio,  VoIP, WEB,…) V IP WEB ) WiSyMAX‐RT Physical layer user 1 user 1 user 2 user K SS#K

SS#1

SS#2

DUTs

WisyMAX S WisyMAX BSE
Test Applications
≥MAC

Network  N k Network  &  Network  &  Transport &  &t Transport T Transport
MAC  MAC  MAC  MAC

SS #1 SS #1

WisyMAX X ‐RT T

PHY DL‐TX

PHY UL‐RX UpLink protocol DownLink protocol DownLink protocol

PHY PHY UL‐TX PHY UL TX UL‐TX UL‐TX

PHY PHY DL‐RX PHY DL RX DL‐RX DL‐RX

56

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Prof. U.Spagnolini

WiMAX: Base Station Emulator
BSE Test Applications (video, audio,  VoIP, WEB,…) V IP WEB ) WiSyMAX‐RT Physical layer user 1 user 1 user 2 user K SS#K

SS#1

SS#2

DUTs

WisyMAX S WisyMAX BSE
Test Applications
≥MAC

Network  N k Network  &  Network  &  Transport &  &t Transport T Transport
MAC  MAC  MAC  MAC

SS #1 SS #1

WisyMAX X ‐RT T

PHY DL‐TX

PHY UL‐RX UpLink protocol DownLink protocol DownLink protocol

PHY PHY UL‐TX PHY UL TX UL‐TX UL‐TX

PHY PHY DL‐RX PHY DL RX DL‐RX DL‐RX

57

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Prof. U.Spagnolini

WiMAX - BSE: architecture
User TCP/IP
Test Applications LabVIEW L bVIEW LabWindows/CVI TestStand LabVIEW L bVIEW LabVIEW RT LabWindows/CVI MAC/Upper Protocol Layers & Measurement System

Host PC FlexRIO IF-RIO

Symbol-rate TX Processing

Symbol-rate RX Processing

Up-conversion TX Processing

Dn-conversion RX Processing

LabVIEW LabVIEW RT LabVIEW FPGA VHDL IP Cores

PHY

TX Antenna Processing

IF or I/Q

RX Antenna Processing

LabVIEW Drivers

RF Up/Down Conversion C i

RF
58

TX/RX RF Stages

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Prof. U.Spagnolini

WiMAX: Base Station Emulator
BSE Test Applications (video, audio,  VoIP, WEB,…) WiSy yMAX‐RT Phys sical layer user 1 user 2 user K SS#K

SS#1

SS#2

Graphical Interface and Measurement

Generator/Analyzer DUTs

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Prof. U.Spagnolini

Fare di più con meno risorse
• Strumenti di sviluppo rapido • Tecnologie Parallele: massimizzare la capacità e l’utilizzo l utilizzo • Ri d tt attrezzature esistenti Riadattare tt t i t ti
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20 anni di Acquisizione Dati

PXI NuBus PCI R Series USB PCI Express

NI Wi-Fi DAQ
Ethernet DAQ Eth t

1989 1988
ISA

1996 1995
E Series

2004 1998 2003

2006 2008
PXI Express p NI CompactDAQ

2005

M Series

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Piattaforma di I/O modulare Serie C
CompactRIO 2004 R Series Expansion Chassis 2004 USB-92xx/94xx USB 92xx/94xx (USB Sleeve) 2005 USB CompactDAQ 2006

Più di 60 moduli di misura
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Piattaforma di I/O modulare Serie C
Wireless e Ethernet 2008

…spazio per ulteriori bus!
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Semplice. Sicura Semplice Sicura. Acquisizione Dati Wi-Fi Wi Fi
• Semplice: connettività diretta ai sensori & programmazione grafica • Sicura: miglior crittografia dei dati ed autenticazione disponibili sul mercato • Wi-Fi: infrastuttura di rete 802.11g a ampia banda e Ethernet
Cinque nuovi dispositivi: termocoppie tensioni universale acustica/vibraz estensimetri termocoppie, tensioni, universale, acustica/vibraz.,
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Integra tecnologie wireless senza modifiche al codice

Ethernet Eth t PCI PXI
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Wi-Fi Wi Fi PXI Express USB PCI Express

Misure dinamiche in movimento
Rete locale

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Lean Innovation – “innovazione snella” L I ti
• Fare di più con meno risorse p • P t ti Prototipare • Sfruttare il Network
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Prototype it!
How Innovation Happens: How Innovation Happens: “Rules for Prototyping” Rules for Prototyping
John Hanks Vice President, Industrial Embedded

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Armory y Production

Singer Sewing Si Machines

Stamping

Sales Agents

Bicycle industry

Regulators

Vanadium Alloy

Ford Motor Co. Co

Brewing Industry

Investors

Meatpacking Industry Id t

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“I invented nothing new. I simply assembled I new into a car the discoveries of other men behind whom were centuries of work. . . . Had I worked fifty or ten or even five years before, I would have failed. So it i with bf ld h f il d S is ith every new thing ” thing.
— Henry Ford
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National I t N ti l Instruments t

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Innovation means moving existing ideas from where they’re known to where they’re not– often in new combinations. bridging distant worlds and building new worlds

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1. 1 Innovation is more about connecting than inventing. g g
now
Reconsider any ideas about the originality of your solution.

before the end Make a list of where the problem might of the day have been solved already. next week
Research those solutions (and the people)

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Organizational networks

Mario Mario

from Rob Cross, Hidden Power of Social Networks (HBSP, 2004)

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2. 2 The scope of your innovations depends on the scope of your network. p y
now
Think about your network (make a list). What do they know that you don’t?

before the end List 5 people (or areas) where you could find the of the day best existing solutions. y next week
Schedule phone or face-to-face meetings with those 5 people.

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R

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3. 3 Success depends on the ability to mobilize your network to act. y
now
What will make the idea succeed?

before the end Think of others first. Solve someone else’s first else s of the day problem (by connecting). next week
Think abo t who has what you need and about ho hat o need– ask them for it.

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Given the connected world we live in, new ideas are cheap. The resources required to test and verify what h economic value iis if h t has i l not. not

Carnagie Mellon University Johnny Lee

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RobotroniX ECMEG
Medical Device for ECG – EMG - EEG
THE CHALLENGE
Join three medical devices

THE SOLUTION
Use a Single Board RIO with a custom daughter board d LabVIEW b d and L bVIEW

+
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+

IDEA to PRODUCT!

Requirements Gateway

Multisim

Ultiboard SingleBoardRIO Si l B dRIO

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'Macchine speciali', vision, robotics, automation and LabVIEW Just J t one L bVIEW - NI LabVIEW platform for:
Machine Vision with the Vision Developer Module Robot programming with the ImagingLab robotics library Remote I/O and machine automation with C-RIO / PACs / PLCs HMI and remote machine g monitoring

QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.

“LabVIEW Everywhere!”

QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.

Let's play …
An anthropomorphic robot equipped with a smart camera plays Tic-Tac-Toe on a touch screen

The Rules of Prototyping Tips from National Instruments • • • • • • • • Ideas are cheap Id h Start with a paper design pp g Put in just enough work Anticipate for lti l A ti i t f multiple options ti Design for reuse in t e final p oduct es g o euse the a product Avoid focusing on cost too early Fight “reversion to the mean” Ensure you can demonstrate your prototype
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Prototype to Market Curve Community C it Profitable customer 3 Paying customer Beta Alpha Al h Va alue Mock up Specification Data sheet/Roadmap Paper Talk it up Idea Research
Time

Implementation

2

Valuation

1

Ideation

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Prototype to Market Curve Community C it Profitable customer 3 Paying customer Beta Alpha Al h Experience Mock up 2 Specification Data sheet/Roadmap Paper Talk it up 1 Idea Research
Time

Implementation

Va alue

Valuation

Ideation

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Risk
Ideation Valuation Implementation

Reputation Idea too costly to  implement

Drift to commodity Drift to commodity Love of prototyping Architecture decision  based on cost rather  based on cost rather than flexibility

Iteration frustration Iteration frustration Feedback ignored

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Personalities – People and Teams
Ideation Valuation Implementation

Dreamers Prefer to challenge  accepted structure Encourage exploring  Encourage exploring new options Action oriented

Pragmatist

Conservers

Prefer balanced inquiry Prefers to keep  current t Focus on shared  structure operating  objectives and  j smoothly relationships Encourage building  Encourage looking at  on what is already  the current  working circumstances

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4. 4 Recognize that ideas are cheap, the real cheap expense is in testing the economic value. value
now
Rethink your idea.

Before the List the minimum functionality needed test for technical challenges and economic end of the day value? y next week
Build a prototype

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$0.016 $0 016 $0.13 $0 13 $0.51 $0 51
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iTunes Network

Community C it Outreach

Connectivity

Accessories

Music /Videos

Software

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Many Types of Embedded Sensors

CMOS I Image Sensor

Pressure P

Alcohol Al h l

Mini Motor Mi i M t

IR Di t Distance

Accelerometer

Gyro

Inertial Measurements

Polar EKG Sensor

Finger Print

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Stacking Form Factor for NI Single-Board RIO Single Board

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Platform Ecosystem

Evaluation Kit Displays and Sensors with LabVIEW Drivers

IPNet
NI RIO Platform

C Series &

3rd-Party

I/O

FPGA IP Services

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5. Connect more and create more 5C t d t value. value
now Rethink your new product or idea.

before the end List other aspects of the experience of the event what could be there but isn’t yet? y next week Identify who could bring those aspects and what they would need need.

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"The Americans have need of the The telephone, but we do not. p , We have plenty of messenger boys."
Sir William Preece
Chief Engineer of the British Post Office, 1876

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Lean Innovation – “innovazione snella” L I ti
• Fare di più con meno risorse p • P t ti Prototipare • Sfruttare il Network
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Sfruttare il Network
“La portata dei tuoi sogni ed innovazioni dipende dalla portata delle tue relazioni relazioni”
- Andrew Hargadon, autore di Come avvengono le conquiste
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Sfruttare il Network
+70.000 utenti online +100 user group registrati +500.000 bambini tramite LEGO +280 add-on di terze parti +400 Solution partner +35 corsi di formazione

C it Community

Collaboration

6000 +6000 iinstrument d i drivers +1000 sensori intelligenti +1000 dispositivi PAC di terze parti
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Connectivity

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Supporto, Formazione & Servizi
• O i puoii incontrare t tt il personale NI Oggi i t tutto l coinvolto nelle attività di Service • Cogli l’occasione per approfondire le tue conoscenze sui servizi offerti e come sfruttarli per il completo successo dei tuoi progetti e la gestione - manutenzione d ll t ti ti delle tue apparecchiature.

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I servizi di National Instruments
• Valuta quali tra i servizi sotto elencati sono di tuo interesse e chiedi maggiori informazioni
Servizi di Supporto, Formazione, Manutenzione Hardware Hd Supporto tecnico e specialistico Formazione Riparazione Hardware Estensione di garanzia Calibrazione apparecchiature Programmi di manutenzione Hardware Manutenzione-aggiornamento licenze software gg
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Stand 6 – 7
Consulenza e Supporto Tecnico Formazione e Servizi

Lean Innovation – “innovazione snella” L I ti
• Fare di più con meno risorse p • P t ti Prototipare • Sfruttare il Network
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•16^ edizione   •1000 mq di Area espositiva •31 Espositori •16 Sessioni tecniche •3 Sessioni pratiche • 2 sessioni CLAD ‐ gratis •100 Customer Solution •Sponsor dell’evento
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LabVIEW World
• La prima rivista italiana per la comunità LabVIEW • Per abbonarti, visita lo stand Fiera Milano Editore in Area Espositiva (a soli 10 €, promozione NIDays 09 anche pagando in contanti!) o visita il sito www.ilb2b.it/labview_world • Se sei un utente Developer Suite o Standard Service Program di National Instruments, un anno di abbonamento è incluso

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