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Abrasive Wheel Awareness 27-01-09

Abrasive Wheel Awareness 27-01-09

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Published by thongtn2007
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Published by: thongtn2007 on Mar 10, 2013
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08/31/2015

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Course Content

Course Duration - 1hr

• Hazards and risks arising from use of Abrasive Wheels and the Control Measures. • Inspection and Test. • Functions of Components - flanges, guards etc. • Proper PPE/RPE. • Health Risks - Noise Dust Vibration.

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This course will give advice on the prevention of accidents when using Abrasive Wheels. in particular:• Injury from • Injury from • Injury from • Injury from breakage contact noise dust & Fume The impact of Noise. Vibration and Dust will also be discussed. 3 .

4 .An abrasive wheel is usually defined as a wheel consisting of abrasive particles bonded together using organic or inorganic substances such as resin.

in manufacture and testing • Safe measures by users. • Injury statistics show that nearly half of accidents are due to an unsafe system of work or operator error. 5 .The Risk of Breakage is inherent in every Abrasive Wheel It is prevented by:• Care exercised in design.

They will also reinforce wheels.Wheel Breakage Abrasive Wheel Manufacturers carry out tests and inspection to ensure the integrity of their wheels. Resin coated glass fibre mats are used in organic wheels to help withstand high stresses and to contain fragments 6 .SAFETY .

Wheel Breakage Breakage may occur in service due to:- • Bad storage and handling • Incorrect selection of wheel • Improper mounting • Excessive imbalance • Excessive speed • Grinding machine defects • Malpractice Two or more factors may act together.SAFETY . 7 .

depressed centre or flat? • Ensure suitability for task grinding or cutting? • If in doubt consult Supervisor 8 .Examination of Wheels • Visual check • Check classification for suitability • Ensure suitability for grinder .

9 .

HAZARDS • NOISE • DUST AND FUME • VIBRATION • CONTACT WITH WHEEL • WHEEL BREAKING • RISK TO OTHERS 10 .

NOISE • DEPENDS ON WORKPLACE • DEPENDS ON MATERIAL • GRINDERS ALWAYS ABOVE 70DB • USE PROTECTION • THINK OF OTHERS IN AREA • MANAGE PPE 11 .

DUST AND FUME • DEPENDS ON ENVIRONMENT • DEPENDS ON MATERIAL PAINT REMOVAL CHEMICALS. TEMPERATURE • WEAR PPE/RPE 12 .

VIBRATION • USE LOW VIBRATION TOOLS • KEEP HANDS WARM • DON’T GRIP TOO HARD • MAINTAIN CIRCULATION • REPORT PROBLEMS • DO NOT APPLY EXCESSIVE PRESSURE 13 .

CONTACT WITH WHEEL & JOB • PLAN THE JOB • GET IN A GOOD BALANCED POSITION • DON’T OVER REACH OR STRETCH • DON’T USE UNSUITABLE ACCESS 14 .

WHEEL BREAKING • CHOSE. • ENSURE DISC IS COMPATIBLE WITH GRINDER. • DON’T BEND OR STRESS WHEEL. • ENSURE DISC IS CORRECTLY FITTED. • WEAR CORRECT PPE FOR THE TASK 15 . RIGHT WHEEL FOR THE TASK.

RISK TO OTHERS • PLAN THE JOB • CONSIDER BARRIERS •  USE SHEETING OR TENTS IF POSSIBLE 16 .

SPINDLE SPEED • Peripheral speed on a fixed speed spindle will decrease as diameter of wheel shrinks. SPEED REDUCES TEND TO USE MORE PRESSURE 17 .may cause breakage. Change disc before it gets to low. • Tendency to use more force .

FLANGES Stresses on an Abrasive Wheel are greater nearer the hole. STRESS INCREASES 18 . Flanges should be at least one third diameter of wheel. Therefore if unreasonable side force is applied disc may break Or disintegrate near centre. Hence flanges are fitted.

Reinforced resin bonded wheels Cutting or Grinding Flat or depressed centre Up to 230mm diameter Portable Machines Type 41 G May have smaller flanges Type 42 G 19 .

only tight enough to prevent wheel slipping WHEEL KEYS After mounting check speed marked on wheel or blotter is not exceeded by that marked on spindle.if tight.Securing the Wheel Fit freely but not loosely . 20 . Central nut fixing . spindle could expand and crack wheel.

Summary of Wheel Mounting Procedures •  Trained Person •  Compatible Machine •  Inspect for damage •  Flanges correct for wheel •  Wheels and flanges free from foreign matter 21 .

3. Also protects wheel from damage and prevents fitting of oversize wheel.  To contain wheel if it bursts 2. To prevent operator coming in contact with wheel.GUARDS . 22 .three main functions 1.

for portable machines Enclosure 1750 Front Lip 5mm 23 .Guards .

PORTABLE AND HAND HELD GRINDING MACHINES 24 .

• Serious often fatal incidents.PORTABLE AND HAND HELD GRINDERS • Only organic bonded wheels to be used. • Machine guards must be securely in place • Guard between user and rotating wheel. • Cutting wheels should have fibreglass reinforcement. when guard removed to allow larger wheel to be fitted. 25 .

ELECTRIC GRINDERS •  Damaged cables are not to repaired under any circumstances •  Plug and sockets compatible •  Regular Inspections by competent electrician •  Do not try to repair. return to stores •  Always inspect daily before use 26 .

CHOP SAW .maximum peripheral speed Type 41 ACME REINFORCED ORGANIC BOND .100 m/s 27 .

SUMMARY OF PRECAUTIONS • Training • Housekeeping • Mounting of Wheels • Speed • Guards • Rests • Lubrication • New Wheels • Stopping Wheels • Overhang on Mounted Wheels 28 .

Thank you 29 .

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