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Plasma Blasting

Plasma Blasting

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Published by Sanjay Mishra
Rock Breaking Technique in sensitive area.
Rock Breaking Technique in sensitive area.

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Published by: Sanjay Mishra on Mar 10, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Welcome to Presentation


Eco Friendly Pulse Plasma Rock Fragmentation Technology
by Sumul Patel Dattatreya Inc., Vadodara

. storage & transportation • Not permitted in the city. Near to Oil & gas pipe line.Rock Excavation • Dynamite blasting • Cheapest • Volume excavation possible • Permission & license is must for usage. Heritage structure etc. critical & sensitive areas like airport.

Rock Excavation • Controlled blasting • Comparative Cheaper than other technique except blasting • Volume excavation restricted • Permission & license is must for usage. storage & transportation • Limited permission available for usage .

Chiseling. • Reasonable price • Volume excavation not possible or very time consuming in hard rock • Very High Noise for rock breaking • Easy to get services as many agencies available .Rock Excavation • Mechanical Excavation using Hydraulic breaker. Jack Hammer etc.

Rock Excavation • Rock Splitter • • • • Expensive Technology Volume excavation not possible Easy to use in confined space like trenches Easy to get services as many agencies available .

ROCK EXCAVATION Is Rock Excavation is effecting your project? • Is Dynamite Blasting not allowed / Permitted in your project? • Is Hydraulic Breaker / Splitter takes long time? • Is Breaker / Jack hammer create lots of noise? • Is your large volume rock required safe & speedy excavations? • Is your project getting delayed because of Rock Excavation? YES .


Pulse Plasma Concept .

. • Aluminum & Copper oxide powder is energized in milliseconds to a Plasma stage using Elctro Power Impulse (EPI) Generator.PRINICIPAL • EPI Plasma is a Thermal Process. • Process generates the heat & impact wave to crack & break the rock.

PRODUCT • Electro Power Impactor: • Input Power – 30 KVA. 3 phase. Europe. 680 Kw • Impact Cells: • 2Al + 3Cuo = Al2O3 + 3Cu + 1197 KJ • Plasma Cells & EPI are patented worldwide including US. Australia. 50 Hz • Storage Energy – 268. 34.92 kJ • Output Energy – 1. 380 V. Korea etc . Japan.

ADVANTAGES • Non-Explosive Product certified by Petroleum & Explosive Safety Organization. • No Resonance Generated & hence safe to use near to any existing structure. • Low Vibrations. • No License & No Permission required for Blasting or Stocking Plasma cells & EPI. • No Flying of Rocks & No Gases / fumes. Government of India. Low noise & Low Dust. .

PROCESS • • • • Drill holes of 51 mm to a depth of 3 meter Insert Plasma cells Plug the hole using Seal & sand bags Energized Electro Power Impactor (EPI) using 30 KVA Generator. • Provide Pulse to Plasma Cells from EPI • Remove the Fragmented Rock using normal Excavator .

• Used for weak to Hard Rock . Power Plants. Dams. Oil & Gas Pipelines. City Utility Network etc. Industrial Plants. Canals.APPLICATIONS SAFE & SPEEDY ROCK EXCAVATION for • Building Foundations • Tunnels • Next to the Airport. Roads. Rail Lines.

169℃. ANFO. • Liquefaction Temp.EPI Plasma Rock Fragmentation Gunpowder Blasting and EPI plasma Rock Fragmentation System Reaction Equation of Ammonium nitrate Explosives : (TNT. Military.1. • Energy comparing weight ratio: 2.197kJ (Weight :292. Thermal Reaction Temp. Gas Pressure 80%. • Energy: Most of the energy is from shock wave. 약2. so hard to detonate. : 17 times bigger. Vibration band:10~30Hz Cell reaction Equation and produced Energy: 2Al + 3CuO → Al2O3 + 3Cu + 1. Slurry. 3. Liquefaction Temp. Liquefaction Temp. 14 .300℃. • Vibration Band: $ times bigger than gunpowder.000℃ •Rock Fragmentation Energy : Shock wave. Explosion Temp.850℃.9kJ (Weight:160g) (Ammonium nitrate) → (Water) + (Gas) + (Gas) + (Energy) • Gas Generation:980ℓ/kg.6g) (Solid)+ (Solid) → (Solid)+(Solid)+ Shock Energy •Gas (b) Generation: None. Coal Mine. • Blasting energy: Shock wave20%.7Times bigger. Emulsion explosives ) (a) 2NH4NO3 → 4H2O + 2N2 + O2 + 238. Vibration band:50~120Hz (c) Characteristics of Cell compared to Gunpowder • Byproducts : No gas generation.

√ Bring resonance effect. The amplitudes become maximum when the frequency of the two bodies are same. ※ Resonance A phenomenon of remarkable increase of amplitude in a body when it continuously receives similar frequency to its own intrinsic frequency. → Continuous ignition by shock wave→ Gas gen. √ No resonance effect. √ Slowly attenuate and long distance. Gunpowder : 10~30Hz. Frequency bands of general buildings : 15~30Hz.EPI Plasma Rock Fragmentation Process and Characteristics of Land Vibration Gun powder Explosion Initial Reaction→ Shock Wave /High Heat gen. √ Quick attenuation of the vibration and short Process Characteristics overlapping wave from a point of the mass. a kind of pulse passing through a point of medium in a moment. When such resonance occurs in buildings or bridges abnormal vibration happens. Shock wave : 50~120Hz 15 . The damage of the buildings are quite different according the outside frequency bands of vibration. → Explosion of gas by high heat → Pressure expansion → Rock blasting (Usable Energy) → Vibration / Noise (Residual energy changed into Elastic wave) Elastic land vibration through sudden gas expansion is a vibration with periodic and EPI Rock fragmentation Plasma of Electrolyte → Thermit reaction → Shock wave & High Heat Generation → Rock Fragmentation → Vibration / Noise (Shock wave) Vibration through shock wave is a vibration. which may expedite cracks in the buildings or bridges and break down them.

1/20 Abt. Measured organization: OOEng.9dB 73.150 kine 0. Result : Average of the measured numbers for 3 ea blasting at the same time for 3 distances Vibration velocity Comparison Distance EPI Avr.089 kine 0.3dB 65. and that of 80dB and 60dB is about 100Times louder. Vibration EPI / Vibration Controlled 20M 30M 40M 67. Co.6dB 65.Regulation on Noise and Vibration (※Resident Area) Comparison Table of Noise/Vibration 1.3dB Abt. i. Measured Place : OO Apartment . 1/36 Abt.575 kine Abt. The difference of 80dB and 70dB is 10 times. 1/6 ※ The difference of 10dB means about 10 times difference in real sound. Vibration EPI / Vibration Controlled 20M 30M 40M 0. Ltd 2.e.092 kine 0. 1/23 Abt.8dB 83.047 kine 1. 16 . Vibration Vibration Controlled Powder Blasting Avr. 1/13 Abt.800 kine 1. Vibration Vibration Controlled Powder Blasting Avr.2dB 78. 1/12 Sound Level Comparison Distance EPI Avr.

CONTACT Dattatreya Inc.dattatreyainc. Web: www.com Mail:dattatreya_con@hotmail.com Fax: +91 265 2344901 Cell: +91 982 4049872 Pho: +91 265 2321802 .


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