Equatorial Climates

The Amazon Rainforest in Brazil

Equatorial Rainforests only cover about 6% of the Earth·s surface! Today we are going to look at the Amazon Rainforest in Brazil.

The Amazon Rainforest is the largest Equatorial Rainforest

The Amazon Rainforest covers more than half of Brazil

The Climate

The Amazon Rainforest gets 2 743 mm of rain every year

But temperatures are almost constant at 27C all year

The combination of high temperatures and heavy rainfall makes it feel very humid (clammy) in the rainforest

The Forest

The Forest has 4 main layers

The Emergent layer is the tallest layer of the rainforest

The Emergent layer gets a lot of sunlight

The leaves are small and covered in a thick waxy surface to hold water

The emergent layer

The Canopy Layer gets approximately 80% of the sunlight

The Canopy is the main layer of the rainforest

Canopy trees have smooth, oval leaves that come to a point, known as a drip tip

The emergent layer

The Understorey only gets about 2-5% of the available sunlight.

The leaves in the understorey are large and are dark green in colour

Trees in the Understorey grow no taller than 12 feet

The emergent layer

The Forest floor gets very little sunlight, approximately only 2% of that available.

The floor is littered with decomposing vegetation

Almost no plants grow on the forest floor.

Animals in the Rainforest

During the day there are thousands of animals that come out to play in the rainforest.

Squirrel Monkey

Frog

Jaguar

At night many more animals and insects occupy the rainforest

B A T S

Cricket

People of the Rainforest

The End