PHISHING BASICS

• Pronounced "fishing“ • The word has its Origin from two words “Password Harvesting” or fishing for Passwords • Phishing is an online form of pretexting, a kind of deception in which an attacker pretends to be someone else in order to obtain sensitive information from the victim • Also known as "brand spoofing“ • Phishers are phishing artists

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COMPARISON TO SPAM
• The purpose of a phishing message is to acquire sensitive information about a user. For doing so the message needs to deceive the intended recipient. • So it doesn’t contains any useful information and hence falls under the category of spam. • A spam message tries to sell a product or service, whereas phishing message needs to look like it is from a legitimate organization. • Techniques applied to spam message cant be applied naively to phishing messages.

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ANATOMY OF PHISHING MESSAGE
A raw phishing message can be split into two components: • Content • Headers

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ANATOMY OF PHISHING MESSAGE

Sting

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CONTENT
It is further subdivided into two parts:

• Cover • Sting

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HEADERS
It is further subdivided into two parts:

• Mail clients • Mail relays

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WHY PHISHING ATTACK!
Lack of Knowledge
• • • computer system security and security indicators web fraud Visually deceptive text Images masking underlying text

Visual Deception
• •

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Lack of computer knowledge
www.ebay.com www.ebay-memberssecurity.com

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Lack of knowledge of security and security indicators

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Lack of knowledge of web-fraud

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Visually Deceptive Text
Original website Phishing website

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Image Masking Underlying Text

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MANTRA OF PHISHERS

Succ

Decei t

attack

Neglect

Configuration
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Legal Response
• In the United State, Senator Patrick Leahy introduced the Anti-Phishing Act of 2005 in Congress on March 1, 2005.

Dept. of I&CT, MIT, Manipal

How to Avoid being a Phishing victim
1. Never respond to requests for personal information via email. When in doubt, call the institution that claims to have sent you the email. E.g. “Dear Sir or Madam” rather than “Dear Dr. Phatak” 2. If you suspect the message might not be authentic, don't use the links within the email to get to a web page. 3. Never fill out forms in email messages that ask for confidential information

Dept. of I&CT, MIT, Manipal

How to Avoid being a Phishing victim…

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How to Avoid being a Phishing victim…
4. Always ensure that you're using a secure website when submitting credit card or other sensitive information via your web browser
• check the beginning of the Web address in your browsers address bar - it should be ‘https://’ rather than just ‘http://’ • look for the locked padlock icon on your
Dept. of I&CT, MIT, Manipal

How to Avoid being a Phishing victim…
5.
Regularly check your bank, credit and debit card statements to ensure that all transactions are legitimate and if anything is suspicious, contact your bank and all card issuers immediately is up-to-date and that latest security patches are applied

6. Ensure that your browser and OS software

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How to Avoid being a Phishing victim…
7. Verify the real address of a web site. • javascript:alert("The actual URL of this site has been verified as: " + location. protocol + "//" + location. hostname +"/");

Dept. of I&CT, MIT, Manipal

ANALYSIS OF A PHISHING DATABASE
The Anti Phishing Working Group maintains a “Phishing Archive” Certificate (digital certificate, public key certificate) Certificate Authority (CA) HTTPS Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) and Transport Layer Security(TLS)

• • • •

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MANTRA OF VICTIMS

Un-

F act

attack

Solution

Myths
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REFERENCES
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Cannon, J.C. Privacy. Pearson Education, 2005. Hilley, Sarah. “Internet war: picking on the finance Sectorsurvey.” Computer Fraud & Security, October 2006. Bellowing, Steven. “Spamming, Phishing, Authentication and Privacy.” Inside Risks, December 2004 Mulrean, Jennifer. “Phishing scams: How to avoid Getting hooked.” Dollar Wise. Hunter, Philip. “Microsoft declares war on phishers.” Computer Fraud & Security May 2006: Google. http://www.google.com Anti-Phishing Working Group. Phishing Activity Trends Report November 2005 Anti-Phishing Working Group Phishing Archive. http://antiphishing.org/phishing_archive.htm Ba, S. & P. Pavlov. Evidence of the Effect of Trust Building Technology in Electronic Markets: Price Premiums and Buyer Behavior.

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THANK YOU
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