Stat Able | Normal Distribution | Chi Squared Distribution

# STATISTICAL

TABLES
Cumulative normal distribution
Critical values of the t distribution
Critical values of the F distribution
Critical values of the chi-squared distribution

© C. Dougherty 2001, 2002 (c.dougherty@lse.ac.uk). These tables have been computed to accompany the text C. Dougherty Introduction to
Econometrics (second edition 2002, Oxford University Press, Oxford), They may be reproduced freely provided that this attribution is retained.

8830 0.9955 0.6517 0.9664 0.7910 0.5753 0.9279 0.5% tail Lower limit of right 0.6879 0.8888 0.9834 0.9992 0.9927 0.9066 0.6 0.5948 0.7088 0.7123 0.9898 0.9992 0.9934 0.9988 0.9977 0.9909 0.5832 0.8 0.6915 0.9686 0.9515 0.5120 0.9960 0.9918 0.9162 0.9564 0.6141 0.8531 0.9992 0.0 3.9986 0.5000 0.7454 0.1 Cumulative Standardized Normal Distribution A(z) is the integral of the standardized normal distribution from − ∞ to z (in other words.7704 0.01 0.8944 0.2 1.9573 0.7291 0.9099 0.9968 0.9495 0.6591 0.9987 0.9997 0.9732 0.9 3.9986 0.5557 0.9951 0.9949 0.9756 0.09 0.9997 0.9625 0.8708 0.9750 0.02 0.9429 0.9945 0.9948 0.5 2.9994 0.8212 0.8577 0.9982 0.5675 0.8485 0.9990 0.9979 0.7673 0.7517 0.9998 0.9850 0.9959 0.9971 0.9582 0.9846 0.9394 0. Values of z of particular importance: A(z) z 1.9904 0.8 2.8907 0.06 0.6179 0.9974 0.9981 0.7389 0.9925 0.9887 0.5910 0.6480 0.5987 0.9901 0.5438 0.9222 0.9649 0.7422 0.6 1.9975 0.9998 0.9997 0.9713 0.9744 0.7995 0.5319 0.9932 0.7486 0.7054 0.9999 0.9599 0.5 1.9484 0.8315 0.9554 0.9991 0.6985 0.9970 0.9996 0.8389 0.7257 0.6664 0.6950 0.3 2.9998 0.9974 0.9994 0.9884 0.9236 0.9983 0.7224 0.090 3.9 2.05 0.9693 0.9995 0.9967 0.9656 0.9988 0.9963 0.9994 0.7580 0.9207 0.9940 0.9998 0.8810 0.9854 0.8133 0.9996 0.960 2.6293 0.9998 0.9965 0.9953 0.7190 0.9990 0.9868 0.6628 0.7764 0.07 0.326 2.9319 0.9922 0.9798 0.9 1.7357 0.8238 0.9345 0.9998 0.7642 0.3 1.9545 0.8925 0.9370 0.9969 0.9993 0.6554 0.2 3.6406 0.9441 0.9049 0.6103 0.8365 0.7 2.8438 0.9115 0.9032 0.7794 0.8980 0.9900 0.9616 0.0 0.9992 0.9772 0.7967 0.0 1.7881 0.9964 0.4 2.9842 0.9535 0.9699 0.8078 0.9803 0.6331 0.8340 0.6 0.9993 0.9998 0.5 0.7324 0.8729 0.7611 0.4 1.6736 0.9706 0.9750 0.8790 0.9990 0.9608 0.8289 0.2 2.9812 0.9966 0.7 0.9678 0.9943 0.9995 0.03 0.05% tail 4 z 0.9989 0.9989 0.8264 0.9505 0.5517 0.8159 0.5 3.8621 0.9817 0.9997 0.9906 0.9147 0.9973 0.9996 0.9991 0.0 2.9997 0.7019 0.9997 0.6844 0.8643 0.9726 0.9936 0.9861 0.9192 0.1 3.9995 0.8413 0.7939 0.9984 0.9500 0.9875 0.9878 0.8186 0.9896 0.5199 0.9995 0.9463 0.9015 0.2 0.4 0.9950 0.3 0.9998 0.8 1.04 0.9957 0.9995 0.9977 0.9979 0.9788 0.9989 0.9985 0.9641 0.9418 0.9830 0.9997 0.8508 0.9987 0.9998 0.6217 0.1 2.9761 0.9991 0.9738 0.9978 0.9956 0.5714 0.9406 0.7549 0.5% tail Lower limit of right 1% tail Lower limit of right 0.6443 0.6026 0.9857 0.9952 0.9972 0.5359 0.5398 0.9890 0.9778 0.7823 0.5478 0.8997 0.9938 0.8686 0.9591 0.9332 0.9916 0.5040 0.6 2.9826 0.5871 0.9994 0.8051 0.9719 0. -3 -2 -1 0 1 z 2 3 A(z) 0.9997 0.9994 0.6064 0.8749 0.9984 0.291 -4 .9793 0.9996 0.9911 0.5239 0.4 3.9382 0.7157 0.8962 0.9920 0.5793 0.9931 0.6368 0.3 3.9913 0.5080 0.9962 0.9452 0.9980 0.9265 0.9821 0.9292 0.8665 0.9993 0.9838 0.9998 .9131 0.9982 0.9997 0.9474 0.9893 0.8554 0.8461 0.5596 0.9941 0.9082 0.5279 0.9864 0.6772 0.8849 0.576 3.9976 0.9306 0.7 1.1 0.9525 0.9996 0.9671 0.9987 0.8106 0.7852 0.9993 0.9997 0.8869 0.1 1.6700 0.9177 0.9808 0.9998 0.9998 0.9357 0.645 1.08 0.5636 0.9981 0.8599 0.9998 0.7734 0.5160 0.9633 0.8770 0.9767 0.9871 0.8023 0.1% tail Lower limit of right 0.9995 Lower limit of right 5% tail Lower limit of right 2.6808 0. It gives the probability of a normal random variable not being more than z standard deviations above its mean.00 0.9985 0.9995 0.9961 0.9929 0.9990 0. the area under the curve to the left of z).9946 0.9251 0.9881 0.9783 0.STATISTICAL TABLES 1 TABLE A.6255 0.9996 0.

898 2.160 2.920 2.552 2.671 1.496 60 70 80 90 100 1.707 3.307 3.729 1.334 2.677 1.921 2.104 3.410 2.492 2.416 3.738 2.111 3.101 2.987 1.118 3.174 3.211 3.966 2.998 2.042 2.861 2.515 3.145 2.183 3.609 2.601 3.896 2.747 3.796 1.551 42 44 46 48 50 1.734 1.402 3.467 2.518 2.365 63.787 3.779 2.965 1.011 2.1% 0.697 2.976 1.297 4.307 ∞ 1.648 2.435 3.684 2.664 1.972 1.462 2.131 3.015 2.403 2.319 3.434 2.626 3.093 2.064 2.390 2.527 3.660 2.691 1.120 2.201 2.984 2.708 2.306 2.686 1.968 1.450 3.396 3.833 1.314 2.015 12.310 3.922 3.381 2.821 2.676 2.682 2.579 3.232 3.145 3.449 2.385 3.566 3.965 4.646 32 34 36 38 40 1.653 1.015 3.365 3.733 4.303 3.812 11 12 13 14 15 2% 1% 1% 0.538 3.576 3.407 2.750 3.845 3.588 3.499 3.604 4.688 1.5% 1 2 3 4 5 6.650 2.390 120 150 200 300 400 1.2 t Distribution: Critical Values of t Significance level Degrees of freedom .414 2.110 2.624 2.776 2.717 1.173 5.619 31.041 4.541 3.690 3.169 5.144 5.718 2.056 2.610 3.000 1.698 2.599 12.326 2.074 2.764 3.262 2.977 2.990 1.659 3.221 4.348 3.028 2.500 2.925 5.807 2.994 1.437 4.782 1. Two-tailed test: One-tailed test: 10% 5% 5% 2.680 1.021 2.883 3.681 2.357 3.687 2.143 2.584 3.107 3.2% 0.261 3.768 3.648 1.667 1.018 2.721 1.658 1.893 636.447 2.869 2.269 3.032 318.435 3.852 3.785 4.655 1.323 3.699 1.086 2.682 1.649 1.819 3.821 6.296 3.501 4.894 1.650 1.860 1.943 1.711 1.797 2.060 2.037 2.930 3.601 2.707 3.421 3.712 2.850 21 22 23 24 25 1.090 3.567 2.05% 31.215 7.467 3.032 2.365 2.024 2.528 2.277 3.701 1.STATISTICAL TABLES 2 TABLE A.315 500 600 1.706 4.639 2.485 2.964 2.418 2.250 3.719 2.009 2.646 3.787 3.725 26 27 28 29 30 1.745 3.333 2.327 10.526 3.660 2.345 2.351 2.160 3.831 2.429 2.645 1.746 1.358 2.740 1.694 1.013 2.309 22.771 1.706 1.195 3.441 2.924 8.479 2.336 2.728 2.140 4.408 3.340 3.485 3.353 2.291 .1% 0.583 2.045 2.587 1.179 2.841 4.012 2.980 1.048 2.947 4.756 2.073 16 17 18 19 20 1.657 9.582 3.333 3.761 1.5% 0.182 2.674 3.763 2.686 3.960 2.662 1.965 3.679 1.069 2.586 2.610 6.622 3.592 2.678 3.052 2.339 2.131 2.374 2.408 5.368 2.647 1.318 4.753 2.208 4.106 3.725 2.602 3.228 3.819 2.055 3.080 2.364 2.617 2.132 2.771 2.505 3.423 2.508 2.703 1.286 3.714 1.457 2.792 3.505 3.959 5.025 3.692 2.460 3.473 2.571 6 7 8 9 10 1.632 2.355 3.373 3.539 2.781 4.704 3.552 4.878 2.

15 2.20 2.24 2.07 3.68 2.12 2.91 1.09 6.29 2.02 2.10 2.60 2.55 9.76 4.13 3.05 2.96 3.36 2.43 19.71 1.45 4.77 1.86 3.20 2.84 4.61 2.46 2.23 2.71 6.23 2.63 1.56 2.89 8.41 3.12 4.87 5.87 2.18 2.19 2.95 1.77 2.66 4 7.21 3.47 2.06 2.69 1.69 2.18 2.25 2.12 2.09 2.56 6 7 8 9 10 5.43 2.99 1.37 2.88 1.77 11 12 13 14 15 4.40 2.98 3.75 1.20 3.78 1.40 2.07 2.49 3.78 2.42 2.02 2.13 9.83 3.85 3.40 19.00 1.90 1.06 2.05 3.57 2.11 2.09 3.29 3.18 4.68 4.29 2.71 1.84 2.13 2.26 2.31 2.59 1.94 1.37 3.96 2.11 3.37 2.89 3.37 2.26 6.37 19.48 2.35 2.66 2.76 2.11 2.48 2.39 3.72 80 90 100 120 150 3.60 1.74 8.10 2.STATISTICAL TABLES 3 TABLE A.86 3.40 3.45 3 10.18 2.70 1.39 3.50 215.14 4.04 3.78 1.86 1.22 4.48 3.57 2.10 3.30 19.05 4.51 2.62 1.97 2.80 3.94 6.42 2.53 2.87 3.16 2.82 4.24 2.71 4.66 1.41 2.71 2.61 2.74 2.89 1.46 2.98 4.16 3.18 2.57 2.64 2.99 236.10 2.76 2.00 3.09 2.88 1.07 3.82 5.85 1.58 3.67 2.20 2.59 3.47 3.15 2.00 19.39 2.44 19.81 3.45 2.77 238.88 240.14 4.59 6.04 2.17 2.34 2.24 2.04 2.96 1.07 3.01 3.92 2.89 1.39 3.44 3.21 2.48 2.37 2.04 6.24 2.66 2.46 2.71 2.73 3.96 2.93 2.90 1.08 2.02 4.68 3.12 3.11 2.18 2.64 2.85 2.89 1.06 3.51 2.41 4.33 2.97 1.24 3.33 4.86 3.13 2.42 2.90 2.20 2.72 1.35 2.49 2.38 19.30 2.99 1.16 2.79 3.96 5.76 1.50 3.95 1.11 3.59 2.62 2.45 2.32 248.71 2.61 5.39 2.92 1.13 2.77 1.12 21 22 23 24 25 4.75 1.99 1.70 1.94 8.25 2.95 1.93 1.65 1.82 2.64 2.04 2.25 2.99 1.39 2.85 1.95 2.67 2.00 2.33 16 17 18 19 20 4.63 2.20 4.97 1.39 6.17 2.70 2.68 1.19 2.39 2.28 2.80 2.08 2.15 3.49 2.66 2.41 2.07 2.18 3.58 4.80 1.29 2.66 1.63 2.68 1.83 1.62 2.29 2.03 1.35 3.00 3.40 2.32 4.92 3.77 4.16 2.92 2.86 1.34 2.03 2.44 3.09 2.27 2.38 4.68 1.29 3.03 2.22 4.63 3.35 2.44 3.62 1.01 2.32 2.35 19.11 3.76 2.85 2.16 2.34 3.10 3.19 5.37 2.65 1.25 19.74 2.69 2.45 2.06 2.59 2.87 2.66 1.88 1.34 2.32 2.38 2.20 2.00 5.70 1.73 1.64 2.00 1.13 2.43 2.67 4.54 2.91 2.11 2.03 3.44 2.32 2.34 2.23 2.27 2.96 1.66 2.03 2.76 1.16 233.60 4.42 19.23 3.52 3.45 199.64 200 250 300 400 500 3.53 2.95 1.94 2.44 2.22 2.84 2.21 4.35 4.81 1.91 5.06 2.72 2.19 2.91 3.10 4.13 2.71 224.70 2.85 3.90 3.28 2.89 1.21 2.05 2.93 2.12 2.54 241.84 3.36 246.10 2.87 1.23 2.85 1.71 1.41 2.79 2.94 1.18 3.03 4.22 2.24 3.82 1.97 3.02 2.74 4.09 3.36 2.96 3.91 245.64 4.75 2.31 2.03 1.35 3.96 2.28 2.41 5.28 3.12 4.25 2.86 3.96 1.79 1.32 2.39 2.02 2.69 8.26 2.69 3.23 3.93 1.59 600 750 1000 3.38 2.15 2.45 2.25 2.65 2.07 2.01 1.86 1.77 1.49 2.61 2.84 1.85 2.14 2.99 1.78 1.22 2.90 3.81 8.03 2.16 2.01 26 27 28 29 30 4.74 4.71 2.41 19.37 2.05 2.63 3.24 3.98 3.08 2.89 3.53 2.62 1.61 1.33 2.11 2.00 1.38 2.10 2.60 4.67 1.42 2.95 2.02 2.95 1.28 4.64 2.00 2.71 8.20 3.72 1.53 4.99 2.51 19.95 1.31 2.21 2.79 5.16 2.14 2.70 2.55 2.49 2.63 2.54 2.90 1.48 2.73 1.04 2.65 2.85 8.28 3.53 3.42 2.92 1.70 2.90 1.59 2.68 2.26 2.07 4.79 8.00 2.90 2.80 5 6.93 35 40 50 60 70 4.72 1.07 2.73 1.03 3.05 2.10 3.85 2.13 2.55 2.85 1.46 247.62 1.98 1.11 2.40 2.58 2.61 1.49 3.25 2.26 4.17 3.55 3.90 3.50 2.74 2.60 2.87 3.74 1.28 2.86 3.55 2.13 2.97 1.07 2.79 1.84 1.96 1.49 2.33 2.99 2.54 2.65 2.23 2.20 2.67 8.89 1.23 2.16 19.18 2.98 2.69 1.33 2.22 2.07 2.88 3.25 2.76 1.47 3.30 2.96 5.66 1.87 1.60 2.27 2.85 1.70 2.62 2.29 2.59 3.17 2.37 3.01 2 18.3 F Distribution: Critical Values of F (5% significance level) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 14 16 18 20 v1 v2 1 161.06 3.01 2.22 2.97 1.94 1.04 2.49 3.79 2.62 2.32 5.80 2.02 1.05 2.33 3.74 2.38 2. .01 2.95 3.81 2.27 2.02 3.42 3.22 2.61 1.27 3.98 1.35 3.57 3.87 3.78 1.80 1.26 3.64 1.53 2.03 3.92 3.94 3.46 2.58 230.01 2.84 5.68 3.74 2.74 3.33 19.54 2.75 4.36 3.01 3.18 3.91 1.69 1.28 9.83 2.51 2.39 2.59 5.34 3.42 2.88 243.38 2.12 2.42 2.67 1.60 2.82 1.88 4.58 1.08 4.30 4.55 2.79 3.71 1.77 2.16 6.48 4.13 2.99 2.58 .84 1.96 1.49 2.56 2.15 3.11 2.71 2.51 2.66 1.03 2.01 8.84 1.77 1.94 1.09 2.54 3.79 1.46 2.12 2.04 2.95 4.32 2.02 2.29 2.15 2.78 1.26 4.30 2.73 2.14 2.35 2.75 1.99 5.45 2.12 9.82 1.04 2.60 2.47 2.91 1.96 2.49 4.46 4.64 3.

47 1.44 2.56 1.47 1.64 1.99 1.76 1.66 5.45 1.29 200 250 300 400 500 1.97 1.30 1.54 1.26 1.97 2.11 2.46 1.82 1.37 1.65 1.45 1.02 1.60 1.55 2.10 2.75 1.91 2.36 1.87 1.70 5.54 1.60 1.39 1.06 2.48 1.34 2.85 1.59 3.66 3.52 1.77 2.82 1.42 1.10 250.86 2.22 2.46 19.37 1.49 3 8.78 1.50 1.83 1.30 2.24 1.52 1.59 1.27 1.74 1.98 1.44 1.57 1.04 253.33 1.34 1.80 1.72 1. .46 1.78 1.59 1.61 1.28 1.41 4.33 2.88 1.28 1.42 1.73 5.84 1.27 2.51 2.74 1.31 2.46 1.48 1.87 1.65 5 4.00 1.91 1.32 2.93 1.08 2.42 1.36 2.50 1.96 1.92 1.57 2.56 8.50 4.38 1.79 1.11 2.62 1.84 2.79 3.55 1.84 1.86 1.98 1.52 1.63 1.57 1.14 2.59 8.48 19.55 1.24 2.62 1.79 1.92 1.77 1.52 1.94 1.05 2.48 19.94 1.74 2.39 1.16 2.23 2.07 2.79 2.61 1.69 1.04 2.63 1.88 1.84 1.50 1.82 1.21 600 750 1000 1.49 1.89 1.59 1.31 1.68 3.68 5.80 1.96 2.23 1.81 1.69 251.47 19.77 3.89 1.35 2.73 3.26 1.79 1.83 3.50 1.06 2.74 3.50 1.93 2.46 253.89 1.58 1.02 2.88 1.26 2.62 1.37 2.70 1.73 1.60 3.76 1.11 2.99 2.96 1.64 1.35 1.47 1.73 3.72 5.96 2.31 2.54 1.58 1.80 1.48 1.34 2.69 1.43 2.36 1.73 1.82 1.80 1.89 2.51 1.73 2.53 1.44 1.84 1.42 4.36 1.40 2.54 8.57 8.38 1.43 1.31 1.04 2.27 1.88 21 22 23 24 25 2.45 1.38 1.47 2.77 1.53 2.75 5.19 2.38 2.31 1.14 251.38 1.47 19.37 1.33 1.46 4.95 2.50 2.43 1.72 1.70 1.48 1.40 3.22 2.38 1.41 1.40 80 90 100 120 150 1.60 2.15 2.35 1.83 1.85 1.55 1.89 1.84 1.72 1.48 19.19 2.48 1.86 1.04 2.34 1.52 4.01 2.38 2.12 2.76 2.56 1.25 1.30 3.91 1.56 11 12 13 14 15 2.62 253.68 2 19.26 1.94 1.62 8.48 1.04 1.22 1.82 1.73 1.76 1.14 2.30 1.32 1.36 3.53 1.91 1.77 1.41 1.67 1.83 2.41 1.41 2.94 1.46 2.39 6 7 8 9 10 3.40 1.75 3.44 1.26 250.17 2.78 1.07 2.96 1.18 2.43 2.54 1.32 1.51 1.49 19.58 8.81 1.64 3.69 1.37 1.91 1.39 4.32 1.53 1.60 8.19 .52 1.28 1.06 2.52 1.24 2.25 2.49 2.62 3.10 2.57 3.48 1.85 1.40 1.STATISTICAL TABLES 4 TABLE A.28 2.98 1.26 2.20 252.81 3.20 2.45 1.43 1.44 1.41 1.60 1.45 1.44 1.08 2.92 1.78 1.26 1.75 26 27 28 29 30 1.98 1.56 1.63 1.16 2.86 1.54 4 5.02 2.20 1.00 1.02 1.66 1.95 1.90 1.66 35 40 50 60 70 1.66 1.11 2.79 1.41 1.23 1.17 2.66 1.69 1.22 1.66 1.91 1.71 1.65 5.60 1.29 2.45 1.49 1.57 1.99 2.97 2.44 2.46 1.48 1.74 1.15 2.32 3.59 1.30 1.76 1.96 1.46 19.08 2.34 1.71 1.70 1.21 2.63 8.41 1.86 1.89 2.44 4.74 1.68 1.12 2.77 252.12 2.18 2.87 1.31 1.70 3.28 2.82 1.28 2.36 1.00 1.48 1.09 2.38 3.01 1.94 1.76 1.71 3.55 1.04 2.77 5.87 1.23 2.39 1.52 1.55 1.84 1.84 1.70 3.25 2.82 1.80 2.53 1.50 1.34 3.42 1.48 4.07 2.90 1.69 1.67 1.3 (continued) F Distribution: Critical Values of F (5% significance level) v1 25 30 35 40 50 60 75 100 150 200 v2 1 249.81 1.73 1.22 1.10 16 17 18 19 20 2.95 2.35 1.49 19.34 1.92 1.75 1.05 2.05 2.03 1.34 1.79 1.33 1.43 4.96 1.23 1.88 1.55 8.53 1.20 1.01 2.69 3.39 1.69 5.44 1.47 2.27 2.43 1.00 1.74 1.

55 2.07 6022.35 14.74 4.75 4.32 6142.68 7.85 2.77 2.89 2.12 3.30 4.46 3.02 7.37 5.56 5.37 27.91 3.55 9.67 5.64 4.87 2.51 3.72 2.07 4.37 14.39 4.11 2.04 7.73 99.56 2.64 7.05 9.98 4.99 5928.44 99.52 3.26 3.86 2.05 2.89 2.40 3.66 10.17 2.74 2.96 1.20 3.86 3.87 6.93 2.62 4.90 .74 2.21 5.68 7.39 2.97 1.18 5.55 13.44 99.47 3.39 8.01 5.20 8.87 2.29 8.21 2.27 2.44 2.56 3.23 6.20 4.37 16 17 18 19 20 8.21 2.84 2.10 2.40 4.49 5.33 27.00 2.82 4.75 26.14 2.81 2.68 2.75 3.91 5.37 2.89 9.54 4.35 3.50 4.83 2.86 4.82 4.18 3.40 6.85 6.36 3.10 6.67 2.50 2.55 2.59 3.56 2.33 9.09 2.06 99.00 30.88 7.58 2.68 3.72 2.35 3.08 14.88 4.37 3.43 2.21 3.11 4.78 2.42 2.93 6.25 4.84 3.20 2.65 5858.19 3.20 2.03 3.83 2.37 3.49 4.36 27.15 80 90 100 120 150 6.11 6.40 4.29 3.80 10.83 3.49 14.20 2.23 2.36 3.62 5.44 2.83 26.30 28.94 2.99 3.75 2.00 13.48 3.55 35 40 50 60 70 7.69 2.50 2.65 3.83 2.92 12.50 4.66 4.21 2.13 4.68 6.16 5.07 2.19 4.53 6208.76 3.18 8.97 3.45 3.44 2.27 2.03 2.61 5.79 2.46 2.27 5.65 2.14 4.31 2.28 5.18 2 98.02 3.47 2.05 3.96 3.70 3.88 2.63 2.07 8.88 2.82 2.98 1.10 4.56 2.95 5.16 3.82 18.41 11 12 13 14 15 9.51 3.72 3.13 3.99 3.23 2.07 4.53 2.44 4.99 2.25 2.80 3.39 27.72 6.32 4.51 3.47 2.26 6.87 2.00 4.57 2.85 5.64 8.31 2.34 4.36 5.96 2.37 2.35 3.22 4.58 5763. .85 6106.13 3.59 2.54 2.09 3.84 2.41 3.96 1.83 2.47 6055.92 26.74 2.30 3.70 2.01 2.98 11.28 4.15 3.75 2.63 2.17 2.60 3.82 2.21 3.66 2.34 3.43 99.67 6170.35 4.47 5.01 3.69 4.STATISTICAL TABLES 5 TABLE A.26 3.31 3.42 99.40 99.04 3.92 2.79 4.67 14.76 2.45 3.95 1.45 6.99 8.99 2.57 4.86 3.32 3.65 3.60 4.60 2.51 3.95 2.41 3.03 5.26 6 7 8 9 10 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 14 16 18 20 4999.78 5.17 3.43 4.63 2.13 3.85 7.01 5.01 1.46 3.96 6.63 2.42 2.09 2.11 4.53 2.39 3.52 2.64 4.63 4.48 2.74 2.22 2.46 7.50 2.51 6.19 2.01 6.60 2.17 3.15 7.45 27.26 2.18 5.17 3.19 3.79 2.71 7.89 3.29 3.22 3.07 3.26 8.16 99.23 27.79 3.83 3.81 3.46 3.12 2.70 3.77 9.52 10.72 2.04 4.31 4.89 4.04 4.61 9.71 4.98 2.42 4.30 3.67 3.04 2.02 10.29 99.07 3.21 5.08 3.10 6191.54 4.92 600 750 1000 6.50 5403.34 2.92 1.18 5.24 2.56 5.70 26 27 28 29 30 7.27 99.68 2.76 6.38 3.25 14.93 5.04 3.69 3.22 5.15 2.46 6.15 3.88 2.72 7.85 7.72 2.3 (continued) F Distribution: Critical Values of F (1% significance level) v1 1 v2 1 4052.16 3.00 2.02 2.73 2.29 2.84 6.91 1.80 2.69 4.93 6.34 2.79 2.59 6.89 2.68 4.12 3.20 2.73 3.53 3.70 6.56 3.60 3.63 6.18 4.19 6.39 2.87 4.98 10.11 2.06 4.86 4.31 4.39 2.94 3.32 2.82 7.76 4.82 4.63 3.81 4.38 2.06 4.07 3.05 3.60 2.09 2.41 2.09 3.60 6.78 2.26 3.12 3.43 2.24 15.82 3.68 2.37 3.20 3.78 2.47 5.17 7.71 3.71 2.55 11.84 2.42 5.85 3.41 5.35 2.48 2.04 2.95 1.86 3.67 99.20 5 16.80 4.07 3.75 10.78 3.00 200 250 300 400 500 6.99 3.65 10.99 1.96 2.66 4.37 4.66 2.69 12.66 2.97 2.14 3.90 3.31 7.03 2.12 3.27 2.37 2.69 14.53 3.50 3.02 2.56 8.87 4.74 6.10 4.92 4.91 3.57 2.64 3.27 2.17 3.12 2.77 5.36 3.71 15.23 2.42 7.06 2.59 3.68 9.33 3.97 99.03 2.77 4.30 4.10 3.91 3.95 7.20 4.48 4.80 5.78 8.74 5.94 3.67 5.59 3.60 7.40 3.23 3.40 8.99 2.67 2.41 3.61 2.06 2.64 2.44 2.01 3.81 3.89 2.90 2.07 3.36 6.86 2.56 4.05 3.56 5.67 4.78 3.31 3.93 2.80 3.09 3.57 4.01 4.63 4.69 4.89 5.78 2.19 3.85 4.59 3.27 3.15 2.03 3.15 14.93 2.95 3.64 4.29 4.21 3.03 3.21 3.50 3.12 2.06 7.86 8.14 2.10 3.67 4.98 3.11 3.58 4.67 6.82 2.10 6.54 3.29 3.21 6.12 2.77 3.56 9.94 3.34 2.39 4.81 3.72 4.66 5.53 8.75 7.90 1.55 14.72 5.08 7.63 3.29 5.96 2.89 2.56 5.70 3.98 6.55 3.66 3.37 3.52 7.45 7.35 2.04 3.36 2.99 6.14 4.69 2.56 2.03 2.12 4 21.53 5.70 2.26 3.45 2.35 5624.72 6.68 4.46 99.94 4.21 10.81 5.37 3.07 2.85 3.02 10.53 2.71 3.90 6.61 5.17 29.72 5.46 4.42 5.07 2.97 1.06 3.14 4.05 2.62 3.38 2.27 3.66 2.91 3.60 7.25 28.01 4.89 4.26 3.81 4.23 3.23 3.45 5.45 3.85 2.52 6.47 7.82 3.93 3.12 3.30 3.51 3.63 3.50 3 34.13 2.34 3.36 4.04 4.26 4.46 16.66 2.64 2.82 2.25 9.06 3.36 5981.06 5.42 5.72 3.56 2.94 1.32 5.50 2.05 2.02 2.94 7.08 3.31 2.78 3.91 15.44 4.56 3.70 6.56 3.66 2.05 26.34 3.45 2.39 99.17 4.02 1.41 4.94 21 22 23 24 25 8.88 3.26 4.51 4.09 5.43 3.65 9.99 6.92 4.42 3.59 2.

33 2.83 2.47 3.79 13.90 1.66 1.02 1.98 3.75 1.30 2.68 2.79 1.51 2.94 1.96 2.14 2.76 1.48 1.01 6.49 99.60 2.57 4.65 6275.30 3.83 6260.58 1.07 4.14 5.61 1.34 1.27 2.44 2.13 3.70 1.46 1.57 2.26 2.97 1.13 2.64 2.54 3.76 1.82 1.41 3.41 2.06 1.45 4.79 1.03 6323.86 3.07 35 40 50 60 70 2.10 2.92 2.81 2.83 1.33 1.03 4.48 2.99 5.22 3.49 99.68 6349.91 2.68 1.20 4.52 1.67 2.71 2.78 1.02 1.89 1.21 2.50 2.62 3.50 3.49 2.30 6.STATISTICAL TABLES 6 TABLE A.48 2.36 2.38 1.80 1.97 2 99.40 1.94 3.41 2.52 1.78 3.62 1.57 1.18 3.49 3 26.87 1.18 2.10 2.72 1.23 2.01 1.35 1.66 3.62 2.84 1.56 1.63 1.41 26.15 2.55 2.53 1.12 2.10 2.91 4.72 2.81 1.11 2.38 9.17 2.40 1.84 13.62 2.50 26.71 4.94 1.05 1.20 2.65 1.73 1.29 9.92 16 17 18 19 20 3.18 5.51 1.98 1.33 2.17 3.91 1.20 26.47 1.61 1.69 1.36 2.16 2.45 2.15 4.71 2.13 9.45 2.21 2.21 3.79 1.98 1.25 7.48 1.67 2.50 1.75 2.78 2.65 4.84 3.42 2.57 3.27 2.80 1.32 1.53 2.77 1.73 2.70 1.61 1.69 13.33 9.42 1.76 1.61 2.96 4.33 2.24 3.80 2.48 4.44 2.47 99.42 1.29 2.52 1.41 4.57 2.20 7.87 2.57 1.12 4. .58 1.98 6.46 2.39 2.28 26.43 3.55 1.71 2.39 1.78 2.46 3.82 1.38 2.53 2.36 2.65 1.30 2.82 5.44 2.93 2.17 9.05 2.41 1.51 3.92 1.69 2.73 1.72 1.66 1.40 2.31 600 750 1000 1.05 6.24 26.75 4.59 1.27 3.45 9.75 13.84 1.80 1.12 7.95 5.92 2.25 2.38 1.28 .74 1.54 2.23 5.19 2.81 1.86 2.49 2.93 4.19 2.19 2.31 7.76 2.01 3.82 1.32 2.53 1.58 2.32 26.87 1.57 6286.62 80 90 100 120 150 2.64 1.44 1.11 6344.83 2.64 2.45 26.18 4 13.35 3.97 2.66 1.28 2.47 2.46 1.55 1.34 1.94 5.09 2.86 1.84 1.34 2.26 4.62 1.54 2.60 4.38 2.43 200 250 300 400 500 1.36 2.76 1.16 3.48 21 22 23 24 25 2.34 3.47 99.06 2.77 1.79 2.70 4.58 26.42 2.84 2.65 1.57 2.54 13.87 2.08 2.73 2.11 2.42 2.62 1.74 1.99 5.23 2.68 1.95 1.39 2.64 2.20 2.67 1.15 3.74 3.52 4.72 1.91 5.67 1.10 2.29 2.02 2.50 1.06 5.78 6302.44 1.89 2.30 1.70 3.90 1.57 3.55 1.43 3.85 1.93 1.01 3.81 3.64 2.37 2.40 2.89 3.48 2.51 1.57 2.69 1.98 2.75 1.39 1.27 2.17 7.25 2.27 3.33 2.69 2.65 13.22 3.54 2.86 1.62 2.36 3.51 1.34 2.17 2.67 2.20 9.94 1.01 1.58 2.85 1.71 3.60 1.35 26.91 13.10 3.69 1.35 2.45 1.98 2.05 3.56 1.52 6313.93 2.57 1.90 2.70 1.41 3.64 2.28 3.23 2.50 2.06 1.67 3.67 1.49 99.76 2.74 1.05 2.06 5.80 2.46 99.3 (continued) F Distribution: Critical Values of F (1% significance level) v1 25 30 35 40 50 60 75 100 150 200 v2 1 6239.94 3.58 2.72 4.48 99.38 3.07 2.09 5.63 1.72 1.46 1.29 2.16 2.50 2.00 4.84 2.88 1.38 3.13 2.56 6334.35 2.37 2.52 5 9.08 6 7 8 9 10 7.00 2.45 2.08 7.65 3.61 13.56 1.60 2.25 2.33 2.51 2.87 1.23 26 27 28 29 30 2.79 1.74 2.93 5.75 1.63 1.70 1.58 13.29 1.50 1.48 99.66 1.32 1.79 5.83 2.24 9.47 99.02 5.86 5.76 3.96 1.96 11 12 13 14 15 4.48 1.54 2.98 1.22 2.15 2.54 1.36 1.61 1.99 1.08 3.36 1.78 3.42 2.89 1.55 1.09 9.58 1.45 2.73 3.70 1.26 2.31 3.55 2.03 1.29 2.66 1.

05 6.40e05 5.88 9.88 5.51 4.33 5.88 3.14 3.41 26.08 6.06e05 6.69 4.56 2.39 4.18 3.51 3.48 4.85 2.88 4.79 3.21 13.44 3.63 12.32 5.06 5.49 3.73 8.02 5.92 3.40 2.57 9.85 8.31 2.23 3.60 3.04 27.90 8.00 4.33 6.80 8.21 4.16 4.05e05 2 998.83 3.46 4.02e05 6.38 15.25 7.18 5.06 999.62 2.45 8.38 3.11 56.35 3.21 4.37 2.30 4.20 999.02 6.52 19.29 4.75 4.06 3.44 3.91 1000 10.09 4.12 7.12 15.54 3.02 4.93 8.69 3.06 3.30 .70 18.71 10.22 4.3 (continued) F Distribution: Critical Values of F (0.53 2.77 4.76 5.83 2.66 2.41 17.15 11.09 3.49 16.53 3.01 6.11e05 6.87 2.95 6.64 4.48 2.44 5.58 4.00 3.75 999.81 11.10 53.46 7.82 3.39 3.90 12.1% significance level) v1 1 v2 1 4.81 3.14 2.54 7.00 148.94 7.67 7.81 4.46 5.90 12.09 11.75 3.62 11.56 4.03 3.66 5.64 6.22 11.91 21.08 7.69 3.32 6.54 3.38 5.28 8.22 5.48 2.49 5.76 5.49 6.33 600 10.22 4.47 7.17 4.13 4.35 5.97 10.25 48.56 5.34 6.15 5.41 7.16 5.10 7.41 22.58 3.15 4.33 9.80 4.39 4.52 3.43 127.06 5.59 2.90 2.08 13.18 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 14 16 18 20 5.66 8.56 10.17 4.34 8.94 7.64 2.25 4.63 12.62 7.70 3.64 5.65 5.29 3.27 17.93 3.97 11.46 2.48 200 250 300 400 500 11.95 2.64 46.22 8.08 5.63 2.82 5.56 5.40 10.13 5.19 6.47 27.40 3.03 15.25 25.11 9.87 4.25 37.64 4.59 4.00 27.99 4.92 3.48 4.78 5.49 2.09 8.97 5.04 2.55 7.82 3.58 5. 18.78 3.44 7.57 4.07 7.12 5.65 3.29 21 22 23 24 25 14.64 17.27 7.10 25.64 4.79 3.29 4.52 2.10 7.77 3.65 3.68 2.70 9.35 6.75 10.38 4.66 3.00 6.40 5.87 4.25 16 17 18 19 20 16.80 9.18 6.80 6.42 46.37 4.49 5.19 4.53 5.21 3.49 7.24 5.63 6.35 4.16 3.41 6.03 13.00 2.54 3.59 3.80 16.77 7.34 3.74 8.70 4.43 13.37 9.67 4.40 4.48 5.89 5.27 3.44 5.02 12.46 6.23 3.89 4.36 4.91 2.98 5.02 2.53 5.92 17.63 5.82 10.14 5 47.76 4.64 4.81 3.61 9.62 6.80 6.39 129.24 4.74 13.66 4.94 750 10.59 5.85 5.45 4.57 11.63 7.32 47.22 6.44 31.39 2.68 7.02 2.33 132.78 5.19 5.58 8.83 13.43 2.48 11.02 6.27 7.94 4.46 7.26 4.00 7.57 9.93 19.69 2.28 20.56 2.54 11.53 2.79 6.13 3.80 2.86e05 5.19 6.99 2.27 7.55 999.98e05 6.91 5.78 2.44 4.90 4.89 9.68 4.24 3.50 13.89 8.03 5.58 4.25 6.82 4.01 8.55 5.20 4.67 11.98 6.16 3.06 3.30 134.69 18.05 7.52 6.64 3.96 3.88 3.71 3.32 2.61 12.16 999.74 2.30 3.31 3.65 23.46 15.71 7.00 5.15 4.86 3.76 4.32 3.86 3.19 10.72 3.12 5.42 2.34 3.51 4.99 4.22 7.04 10.17 6.99 17.62e05 5.70 6.95 2.05 3.88 4.04 3.12 5.92 999.67 3.66 28.35 7.32 7.87 3.80 7.17 141.01 8.48 10.92 7.39 5.51 6.31 5.69 18.38 2.62 49.71 13.39 6 7 8 9 10 35.71 4.62 2.96 7.14e05 6.05 10.97 4.31 4.34 2.82 17.00 2.85 50.18 3.21 6.99 10.11 4.99 4.93e05 5.93 11.11 6.14 3.68 2.67 2.81 6.13 9.73 8.77 15.73 5.20 4.39 14.29 6.15 4.92 3.35 7.85 2.19 7.05 4.74 3.95 4.07 11.37 130.26 3.12 3.33 14.21e05 999.71 29.56 11.77 7.48 3.81 6.87 3.26 7.69 4.83 999.18 4.39 10.75 8.43 3.38 7.86 5.05 26.50 3 167.87 3.07 5.23 3.69 3.63 2.39 2.31 5.81 5.45 126.48 4.40 6.63 3.78 9.12 14.30 5.11 4.20 5.65 4.59 5.15 3.62 3.42 128.96 3.03 7.96 7.95 26.99 4.35 12.86 48.35 7.53 28.66 10.96 8.38 11.78 999.49 8.61 2.56 3.35 4.96 5.68 17.99 6.45 17.07 3.38 3.19e05 6.48 3.99 4.91 2.80 6.21 9.00 21.77 4.77 2.83 4.39 5.59 6.24 5.39 13.79 26 27 28 29 30 13.80 .97 10.73 4.20 14.23 5.18 33.48 6.86 11.80 2.48 20.59 5.57 999.24 999.61 13.76e05 5.51 29.41 2.42 999.12 9.44 126.02 3.13 4.60 4.37 4.24 4.98 5.52 4.13 4.98 3.45 6.55 5.04 3.39 12.11 3.19 5.07 3.36 7.03 14.46 5.68 4.15 7.31 10.61 3.53 4.79 6.74 80 90 100 120 150 11.00e05 5.32 3.86 3.10 7.45 3.99 3.60 10.92 7.20 14.81 7.56 6.93 3.87 2.71 5.80 3.88 5.95 4.77 9.82 2.61 2.59 13.58 49.78 4.71 2.31 5.80 5.16 9.71 2.44 127.13 4.78 2.47 8.80 4.77 11.32 3.14 46.51 2.51 2.80 3.74 46.41 3.12 999.61 3.03 4 74.12 7.59 14.15 3.27 7.93 5.53 3.14 16.69 6.66 5.49 35 40 50 60 70 12.93 4.83 4.20 11 12 13 14 15 19.59 4.42 4.75 5.73 4.17e05 6.83 3.58 2.52 12.56 5.31 5.81 2.38 3.58 6.16 4.91 5.72 2.36 131.97 6.69 18.25 137.34 9.91 7.38 14.58 51.96 5.28 4.58 4.26 4.33 3.00 4.40 129.24 6.09 4.25 9.82 2.08 14.89 4.46 6.51 4.41 6.32 25.43 4.86 7.18 3.47 9.24 5.09 999.76 2.05 8.59 6.01 3.08 5.78 4.83 3.55 3.94 10.70 5.02 2.09 3.99 4.06 12.50 61.34 9.47 3.56 5.29 9.41 4.50 4.86 21.89 6.50 11.71 4.60 25.STATISTICAL TABLES 7 TABLE A.96 3.30 3.11 4.07 3.15 9.47 8.72 15.23 13.93 5.95 9.02 8.

01 999.48 1.29 3.82 1.02 1.95 11.12 3.92 1.21 2.17 45.84 2.90 1.38 .92 4.89 2.64 1.87 44.79 1.18 3.32e05 6.78 2.56 1.26 2.02 2.86 6.07 2.49 9.57 6.12 12.78 2.87 11 12 13 14 15 6.90 2.66 1.86 2.02 1.96 2.98 3.12 2.77 4.78 3.43 24.37 5.60 3.16 3.15 2.75 5.31 2.22 999.06 3.19 8.57 1.53 1.26 2.12 4.47 125.16 2.32 2.09 3.03 15.71 4.26e05 6.10 3.64 2.11 2.STATISTICAL TABLES 8 TABLE A.70 4.17 2.70 4.43 3.21 5.99 3.18 3.17 4.87 4.52 2.53 1.74 1.54 5.65 1.33 999.98 2.29e05 6.46 3 125.97 2.46 1.94 4.35 5.35e05 999.44 2.25 4.11 10.26 23.12 2.10 5.05 2.50 1.43 2.24e05 2 999.17 2.21 2.16 2.73 9.96 1.59 3.02 2.00 3.22 3.10 2.85 1.33 4.46 8.47 2.11 3.51 6.92 2.82 4.59 1.27 3.93 3.97 2.60 7.36 3.67 2.3 (continued) F Distribution: Critical Values of F (0.30 4.45 3.11 8.21 2.69 8.00 5.74 2.73 2.26 4.75 1.30 4.80 2.57 9.47 124.80 9.15 3.89 1.41 2.59 6.44 6.06 3.52 5. .80 3.19 3.12 2.55 1.93 2.13 2.77 3.39 4.38 2.20 12.32 3.05 2.48 1.68 1.88 3.65 1.69 12.61 4.45 4.88 24.63 1.26 4.49 123.10 2.98 3.49 2.49 124.45 45.32 2.09 24.18 2.54 3.19 3.07 2.15 3.37 8.74 3.54 16.07 44.73 2.76 1.14 3.63 5.37 2.76 5.51 4.24 4.71 3.01 1.80 6.52 3.73 1.38 2.09 5.04 7.89 3.41 16 17 18 19 20 4.39 2.98 1.78 3.55 2.88 1.28 3.41 1.53 12.78 1.83 2.47 2.66 2.00 9.79 1.18 2.12 999.71 1.52 5.30 3.95 1.48 3.85 1.33 24.79 3.39 3.92 9.87 1.96 2.68 2.54 4.48 4.93 10 7.58 3.48 124.79 1.62 1.70 6.06 2.21 3.87 1.13 3.19 2.95 6 16.72 2.80 1.63 5.03 3.05 1.92 80 90 100 120 150 2.43 600 750 1000 2.96 2.77 1.46 3.98 1.03 1.68 1.72 1.65 9.96 1.64 3.91 1.80 3.73 1.21 16.66 44.89 7 12.49 124.52 3.56 5.37 3.47 5.00 4.27 2.47 125.84 4 45.64 4.48 21 22 23 24 25 4.16 2.98 6.14 4.83 1.28e05 6.28 5.07 4.71 3.08 3.87 1.47 44.32 2.44 3.63 3.61 24.84 3.25 3.87 2.90 3.61 3.60 999.41 3.26 8.51 3.28 3.81 4.03 2.36 3.25 3.74 4.04 11.44 3.22 4.24 3.96 7.97 1.31 16.81 1.70 5.38 5.08 3.25 2.19 7.91 6.18 4.58 3.01 1.04 2.03 2.63 3.36 2.35e05 6.93 5.58 4.40 4.57 2.45 9 8.40 1.42 4.83 5.32 2.93 15.23 2.03 2.38 3.23 2.08 30 35 40 50 60 75 100 150 200 6.82 8 10.79 2.95 6.89 2.53 2.72 1.38 3.10 2.75 24.89 1.26 2.91 2.95 2.17 4.67 1.30 7.68 6.60 4.52 2.70 5 25.32 4.80 1.35 3.16 3.95 3.36 3.78 1.30 3.01 1.90 1.05 6.25 2.34 2.41 12.31e05 6.83 1.24 2.69 1.1% significance level) v1 25 v2 1 6.94 1.49 3.51 1.79 2.11 2.75 1.23 3.23 24.23 3.62 1.26 10.81 6.62 200 250 300 400 500 2.65 3.22 3.82 1.37 7.92 3.94 1.55 1.10 4.47 24.87 2.87 999.60 2.95 1.79 2.07 3.33e05 6.08 2.64 6.30e05 6.00 1.47 2.18 2.67 16.72 999.48 124.51 2.41 2.45 1.22 5.38 3.07 2.32 2.68 3.87 11.12 16.85 16.14 2.17 3.02 2.45 1.86 4.86 3.94 1.12 7.09 3.02 2.42 5.47 7.87 3.49 123.56 3.15 3.32 3.14 2.53 3.44 2.99 26 27 28 29 30 3.60 1.15 2.44 16.44 1.69 35 40 50 60 70 3.43 3.95 2.77 44.27 44.05 3.70 3.03 2.96 45.33 3.44 999.10 4.00 4.14 5.56 1.33 12.24 4.59 2.70 1.07 6.00 3.88 1.55 8.

345 16.4 χ2 (Chi-Squared) Distribution: Critical Values of χ2 Significance level Degrees of freedom .070 15.210 13.841 6.322 8 15.086 20.467 5 11.209 29.991 9.488 13. 5% 1% 0.812 22.266 4 9.277 18.1% 1 3.090 26.067 18.588 .124 9 16.877 10 18.828 2 5.307 23.666 27.919 21.475 24.815 11.515 6 12.458 7 14.507 20.635 10.STATISTICAL TABLES 9 TABLE A.592 16.816 3 7.